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Henry Scott Landscape Architecture Portfolio of Works 2011-2014
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writtle school of design
hjscott writtle school of design
Henry Scott Landscape Architecture Portfolio of Works 2011-2014
Year 3 The Natural History Museum, London 2014 Royal Docks Competition, London 2014
Finsbury Park, London, 2013 Writtle College Reservoir, Essex 2013 Construction details, Essex 2013
AutoCAD - 3D Studio Max Project, 2012 Residential Garden, Essex 2012 Spatial Exploration, 2011
Residential Work, 2007-2011 writtle school of design
Henry Scott Landscape Architect Portfolio of Works 2011-2014
I BELIEVE.... The success of a city is often defined by the quality of its greenspace. Only by truly engaging with the multi disciplinary approach to design are we able to envisage a space that is key to the longevity of a place. It is fundamental that a successful design must balance the programmatic mixture against its ecological, economical and social outcomes. Practicality and functionality must be realised only through an extensive conceptual, imaginative and context driven process. Our solutions not only deliver inspiring places they are also strategies to produce more liveable cities, greater biodiversity and resilience to climate change, and better resource management. Designing within nature and not on top of it allows the use of evolved biological solutions to man made problems. Urban rain garden installation can dramatically reduce the risk of floods whilst filtering harmful contaminants out of the water cycle. Green roofs and urban tree planting can help cool towns and cities and reduce air pollution. These natural systems should be the driving force for all designs and not just be an after thought.
I AM ..... I am a 31 year old graduate of Landscape Architecture from Writtle School of design. Commencing the Landscape Architecture BSc after establishing my own business in domestic landscape construction and grounds maintenance, I have been able to maximise my learning potential, approaching my studies with maturity and diligence. I consider that my background has allowed me to find a career that both excites and challenges me, and I am able to bring a good level of practical experience to complex design problems as well as a high level of interpersonal skills. My previous work experience and academic achievements demonstrate a range of skills that would allow me to quickly integrate into an experienced and well established team.
Design Dissertation The Natural History Museum LONDON, 2014
The Natural Exhibition
a didactic landscape through the ages
The Natural History Museum, London
Introduction This comprehensive design project presented the opportunity to work within a highly complex and challenging site in the most visited landmark in London. Problematic issues of visitor traffic, complex eco systems, exiting architecture and sustainable water management have been addressed and resolved. The intention of this design dissertation is to provide an efficient and affective design proposal benefiting the Museum itself, its visitors and the residents and users of the wider urban environment, as well as the natural environment. The intervention provides a design solution for the problem of the grounds of the Natural History Museum, on Cromwell Road, London, no longer being able to satisfy the needs of its contemporary user. The current situation meets neither the needs of the Museum or its contemporary user. Critical analysis of the historic context, site context and programme, help inform design strategies that along with conceptual development are able to create a design proposal that is relevant and competent in providing for its 21st Century visitor.
London Eye Buckingham Palace
Natural History Museum
Project Context The relevance of the sites historical context is particularly pertinent in this project. The importance of understanding the original intentions of the Architect as well as changes and modifications made over the years is crucial. It is only after in depth research of what changes have affected the form and programme of the grounds that successful design solutions are achieved. The Natural History Museum, which opened in 1881 was designed by the architect, Alfred Waterhouse. The building designed in a German Romanesque style paid little attention to its Victorian Urban context or the local vernacular. (NHM 2013) Initial enquiries and research into the historical development of the grounds revealed a series of proposals made by the architect which never came to fruition.
Original plans for the grounds drawn by Waterhouse illustrate a very geometric landscape and two large Romanesque fountains symmetrically positioned in the East and West respectively. Both the East and West Lawns were connected by a series of pathways representative of the straight lines of the building but according to findings by Montagu Evans Associates (2011), in The Evolution of the Grounds report. These pathways paid little attention to the curvature of the central carriage ramps or those found in the buildings. A series of modifications and building extensions has left the grounds with little legible structure, form or independent programme. It is widely accepted, (Evans, 2011, NHM, 2003.) That the grounds of the building have never been able to compliment its architectural achievement.
V and A Museum
Conceptual sketch on the left depicting the movement through the ages
A multi layered approach.
Evolved conceptual schematic with thought for spaces.
Due to the complexity of the sites multi layered context, early conceptual exploration focussed on four main themes. A journey through the ages of time. A new dialogue between â€˜the streetâ€™ and the Museum.
Journey through the ages of time Diagram showing the entrance as the datum point for the journey through the ages of time The natural World.
The New Urban Rain Garden.
LANDSCAPE Diaglogue between museum and street
The natural world.
A parallel story of the Natural World set out as didactic landscape through a series of ages and a unique example of an Urban Rain Garden System.
New urban rain garden Sketch of a possible approach to the museum via a linear park
Schematic diagram showing the relationship between the street and museum, joing with a linear park.
The Natural History Museum water cycle
Development This design is centred around the central carriage ramps and they act as a datum point in the liner form of the design. Whilst symmetry has not been intended, close replication between the East and the West grounds helps to create a smooth transition
Early conceptual model testing found curved shapes difficult to intergrate with strong geometric shapes with out a central datum point.
and clear identity. A key exploration within the process was to make a connection on the lower level between the two sides. Transgression between these sides is pivotal as part of the concept as a journey.
Tracing a museum and street dialogue. Both meeting in the middle and the central entrance.
Finding a central datum point joining the curves together
Beginning to join up the spaces.
Joining the curved linear journey to the carriage ramps. A central datum point cuts through on both axis.
Offsetting the curves creates repetion resembling ripples. The lines help to define spaces representing natural forms.
Initial sketch design showing accumulation of process sketches. Both sides of the design meet at a central access point and flow through to one another.
Lack of spatial connection provides little unity to existing site.
Opportunity through constraint
Grounds are positioned next to a busy and noisy road. To help minimise noise reduction use the levels as a sound barrier and locate activity in lower levels.
Existing London Plane trees create large areas of shading. Seating and recreational areas to position nearer building to avoid this. No large tree planting near the facade of the building.
Site topography represents a spatial design challenge but it creates different levels and areas which can be used for natural sheltering
The London Plane trees obscure views of the Waterhouse building. Creation of seating areas between the trees create strategic framed views of the building as an exhibit itself
Strategic Development PRE HISTORY EVOLUTION Ramped pathways
Lower Level Street level
A dynamic landscape - Dynamic form assist the visitor experience for easy transition between zones. Clear zones help assist visitor wayfinding
Introducing a â€˜museum loopâ€™ to maximise vistor experience and museum revenue. Important for school visitors.
Designing with existing topography creates more space and more enclosed area for cafe/teaching
Entrance strategies at peak times allow for gate closures and entrance is controlled via one point. This allows the visitor to experience the museum loop and finish in the grounds.
At quieter times, the museum is able to be accessed via numerous entrances. This allows the grounds to be experienced as a park.
Opening a civic and public dialogue. Street Level relationship created between the civic and public realm. Continuing the infrastructure from Exhibition Road.
A Front Elevation of the site showing the various level changes.
Creating a walk through
Creating a ramp to lower tier
A side section Elevation showing the East side of the grounds focussing on the level change and rain garden.
Digital modelling the entrance
Queen’s Gate Entrance. Researchers and trade entrance. Recently designed stepped seating to remain
Wildlife pond, wetland habitat and woodland habitat and educational trails
Meadow land habitat
Disconnetion of downpipes. The rain water is collected, channelled and retained by a series of rills, swales and bioretention zones.
LIVING GARDENS Re-designed Carriage Ramps
Queen’s Gate Entrance and Exit for public
Heathland and chalk downland habitat. Sheep grazing
London Ecology habitat
Ramps to lower level
Teaching spaces, enclosed exhibition space, nature walks and trails. Habitats representing a selection of habitats of the British Isles. Ponds and swales and native plant species. From pioneering like fo the Pinus sylvestris to broad leaved species such as a Quercus robur
Super peak Peak Off - peak
A view from inside the viewing room of the pioneer forest habitat. A reflective and calm space, that educates about the pioneer species. A cut through of the soil shows the different soil horizons.
JOURNEY OF EVOLUTION
Pathways leading under carriage ramps connection East to West
The geology field is a collection of natural stone from around the British Isles.
JOURNEY OF EVOLUTION
Cafeâ€™s, shops, enclosed teaching spaces. Geology field representing the geology of the British Isles. Rills and swales collecting rain from disconnected down pipes
Linear park adjacent to Cromwell Road, providing park benches and evergreen planting.
Exhibition Road and Subway Entrance
Education reflection discovery
SCALE IN METRES
PRE HISTORY PLAZA
Entertainment, lectures, concerts. Fossils, Pre historical Plant Species such as Gingko, and tree ferns. Rain Garden and Fountains, celebrating rain water harvesting.
Main Museum Discovery trails Pedestrian
A view from an enclosed space used for as a cafe or teaching space. It looks out onto the geology field, which represents the different natural stones of the British Isles, and can be used for seating.
The Masterplan The Natural Exhibition is a didactic landscape that takes the visitor on journey through the ages of the Natural World. The concept of rain water harvesting helps create flowing forms that team together with dynamic shapes to form a playful and educational landscape. The learning curve theory aims to maximise education through experience. Children are encouraged to explore and play naturally. A programme of educational activities gives visitors the ability to visit the natural world in an urban environment The design is intended to contrast the original architecture and provide a contemporary layer on a Victorian landscape. The natural world is celebrated through a series of zones that assist way-finding and the visitor experience. Enclosed areas are created to be used as educational spaces, as well as permanent food halls. The programme of the grounds compliments the interior collection and unifies the museum. The large amphitheatre provides space for entertainment such as lectures, and concerts. A new dialogue is opened between the museum and the street by the introduction of a linear park on the upper level approach to the main entrance. The habitats and species of the British Isles are showcased in the Living gardens.
A planting concept Planting takes a leading role in both the function and programme of the site.
1 No. Fatsia japonica 7 No. Arundo donax
The planting strategy is both
1 No. Fatsia japonica
conceptually and functionally informed. The particular planting plan shown here is highly conceptual and attempts to recreate a prehistoric ambience with the
7 No. Arundo donax 1 No. Acrostichum danaeifolium 5 No. Onoclea sensibilis 3 No. Salix purpurea
use of ancient species of ferns and living
6 No. Athyrium filix-femina 2 No. Echinacea purpurea
5 No. Athyrium filix-femina
5 No. Osmunda regalis 5 No. Arundo donax 5 No. Fatsia japonica 5 No. Athyrium filix-femina 1 No. Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Hack. 16 No. Echinacea purpurea 5 No. Acrostichum danaeifolium 4 No. Carex comosa 7 No. Athyrium filix-femina 1 No. Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) 13 No. Aruno donax
Sheltered cafe area forms part of the plaza and links with an interior cafe. Series of fossil exhibits around the plaza
PRE HISTORY PLAZA
Rills and fountains
Rills capture and transport water from the street through the rain garden
Large bioretention area retains and disperses rain water.
Subway and Exhibition Road Entrance
Curved linear park approach to the museum entrance. Seating frames key views of the Waterhouse Building. The building becomes an exhibit itself.
10 SCALE IN METRES
The rain garden system The rain garden system relies on the biological process of plants to channel, filter and retain rain water run off. (Dunnett, 2007) This system is designed to showcase the best practice for water management, in a busy urban plaza environment. The water collected from the street is cleaned using this system of filtration, retain then released and celebrated with a series of fountains, which help contribute to a hugely playful plaza.
‘‘I have been torn between , on the one hand the formal garden of the seventeenth century, on the other, to
give a free hand to the
picturesque.’’ Alfred Waterhouse remarking on the
landscape design of the Natural History Museum, during his presidential address to the RIBA. (1888)
Water is the driving force of all nature (Leonardo Da Vinci)
ideas competition Royal Docks LONDON, 2014
Overview The Landscape Institute Royal Dockâ€™s ideas competition provided an exciting opportunity to design in a highly conceptual manner. The main focus within the brief was to generate ideas of sustainability, food production and water sensititve urban design.
The 250 hectare site is a rather dissused sterile body of water directly under the flight path of the City Airport. It has Central activation
undergone a huge level of regeneration of late and various schemes are currently underway for further redevelopment.
Curved linear linkage
Whilst the brief intended designs to focus on increasing a greater level of biodiversity, it was noted fairly early on that an increase in biodiversity could be potentially dangerous to air traffic in the vicinity.
Nodal spaces create space
This conceptual proposal provides the local business and residential community with a state of the art leisure facility.
section aa shared
residential introduced green space
commercial activity/sports areas
Development The dominant elements of air and water play a central role within this design development. Early model making and site analysis quickly focussed on the concept of using forms based on sound waves created by the high volume of air traffic. The curved forms allow for a large amount of space to be created and to connections to either side of the Docks. Whilst the brief clearly stated to encourage biodiversity, it was quickly clear that this was not viable. Single species planting have been used to mitigate the risk to aviation, as seen in West 8â€™s design at Shiphol airport. The concept intends to be both dynamic and functional, creating a hive of activity for commercial and residential users. residential/community housing
community and growing space
commercial and events
office and hotels
5 2 1
3 6 9
Masterplan The masterplan is the result of a rigourous conceptual exploration. The organic forms help to create various divides intended for a mixture of activities. The design serves as a central park amongst the areas new developments.
excel exhibition centre
1. Entrance from crystal building 2. Cable car arrival 3. Ibis hotel 4. Recreational beach 5. Bus arrival 6. Marina
7. 10m wide boardwalks 8. Excel Entrance 9. Connection bridge 10. Food production 11. Wild flower meadow 12. Future Development
Aerial view of site looking East
Writtle College ESSEX, 2013
Immerse and Emerge
Writtle College Estate, located in Essex comprises multiple campuses in a 250 hectare site. This research led project focussed on the development of an under used reservoir site on campus. It provided an opportunity to develop masterplanning skills. The current situation allowed for very little interaction between students and the reservoir site due to dangerously steep banks. The potential was therefore clear, to create better access and a visitor centre was the main objective and challenging gradients and level changes were worked through to provide two contrasting experiences for the users. The brief focussed on the sustainable image of the college, and the client reiterated that the college needed to sustain itself financially as well as environmentally. The intervention at the reservoir and creation of a visitor centre allows this site to be used both by its students and externally for events and education.
Bark chip path around reservoir Car park
Visitor centre green roof Access to and from reservoir walk
Service vehicale access Bark chip path
3m wide raised boardwalk Amenity grass for recreation
2m wide floating boardwalk
circulation woodland/reservoir walk primary pedestrian Access vehicles
Design response The two areas of the design are to the North and South of
section and perspecitve lines
the main walkway connecting the campus to the Titchmarsh b
centre. The existing reservoir â€˜s banks are regraded allowing safe access to the waterfront. 3 metre wide boardwalks
The paths meander from the main walkway and the users will emerge from the wooded areas into the reservoir.
The North side offers users a more intimate experience with nature. Large amounts of native species have been reestablished and a naturalistic pond installed in a natural flooding zone. Narrower floating board walks help to enhance the users intimate experience with nature
raised above the water provide a more open experience.
section a a
Visitor Centre. The visitor centers design makes use of the existing gradients of the site. Emerging from the banks of the reservoir it serves as a multifunctional space for teaching, exhibiting and events. Its south East facing glass facade allows for efficient use of the suns heat to reduce expenses. It helps give the design identity and programme. The waterfront decking is built high enough above the water to allow for fluctuations throughout the year. The centre is approached via a series of meandering boardwalks with a stepped area available for outdoor teaching.
digitallly modelling the visitor centre
Immerse reservoir 3 m below
section bb perspective 2
Nature pond The naturalistic pond within this design makes use of an area naturally prone to flooding and as an overflow from the existing reservoir. It acts as a huge SUDS system for the entire college. The user experiences a more intimate relationship with the natural world here and they are able to immerse themselves in nature with the use of narrow floating boardwalks. The preexisting situation was a rather sterile empty field and this proposal will greatly increase the biodiversity of the area with the introduction of native species. This area of the design allows for a important educational tool in the development of sustainable practices of conservation.
pond 2 m below
Finsbury Park LONDON, 2013
This project presented an opportunity to develop group masterplanning skills which lead into an individual design of a specific detailed area within the masterplan. Located within the centre of Finsbury park is the Furtherfield Gallery. In this instance the client was the curator of the gallery and a member of Haringey council. The brief was to firstly develop a masterplan of the South Section of the park then focus in on a detailed area to design further. The park is situated within three London boroughs analysis showing the park in its wider context and relation to other green space and hydrology.
and occupies 45 hectares. Furtherfield gallery concentrates on using digital media in the work with the community and fellow artists from across the world. The media that Furtherfield uses helped inform various facets within the design.
Concept development & Response
The detailed area located on the East side at the Manor House gate is one of the main Entrances to the park. Over the years it became fairly neglected, and did little more than usher people through its imposing Victorian gates into the middle of the park. The design focuses on enhancing this entrance, so that the user experiences Approach, Entrance, Arrival, without
having to transcend the whole park. The design makes use of a cafe on the outside of the entrance, and the form of the design allows a plaza to be created at street level.
The form of the design is representative of the overall shape of the masterplan as well as offering a homage to the three different boroughs that occupy the park. Leading to the
South Entrance a large avenue of triangular shaped pergolas offset against one another draw the users eye by framing
iconic buildings such as the Shard. The design encourages the local community to use the space to its potential whilst keeping grounds maintenance to a minimum with large hard landscaped areas.
R S R
T S I S
D A O
Construction drawings ESSEX, 2013
Construction Drawings, Essex This project helped develop technical drawing skills. The design intends to compliment an existing visitor centre in a rural nature reserve. The topography of the site meant that cut and fill calculations were needed. Then a series of ramps, steps and platforms were designed working with the current gradients . The materials selected complement the Titchmarsh Centre in the immediate context as well as being both durable and weather resistant.
Planting Plan The Planting plan intends to introduce a range of natives to increase biodiversity whilst complimenting the nature of the site.
Year 1 AutoCAD - 3D Studio Max Project, 2012 Residential Garden, Essex 2012 Spatial Exploration, 2011
AutoCAD - 3DS MAX ESSEX This project involved the use of AutoCAD 3D to design a residential house and garden then using the rendering programme 3D Studio MAX, to create a series of realistic visualisations. It was not a design based project but a digital skills development exercise.
The Living Room Grays, Thurrock Essex
This project based in Grays, presented the opportunity
to work with a client and formulate our own brief based on the client needs, wants and expectations. The clients property was newly built in the style of a New Zealand contemporary town house and their requirements involved a low maintenance space for entertaining to compliment the house. The final design provides a low maintenance outdoor living space.
This highly conceptual project allowed a devlopment of spatial design skills. Based on the Fibonnaci sequence a series of models using this rule were developed resulting in a presentation model and visulisations being created.
Residential Work HERTFORDSHIRE, 2007-2011
St. Michaels, St. Albans, Herts
This project involved the re-establishment of a cottage garden in St. Albans. 7 years of neglect and left the lawn , beds and planting in a poor state. The first phase involved a large scale clearance operation to see what, if any, plants could be utilised. Unfortunately, very little was in a good state, so therefore the second stage was to reestablish borders, and plant them up in a style befitting its immediate context. A high ration of evergreens to perennials was used to give year round structure, and a large amount of spring bulbs were planted. Drifts of Verbena bonariensis, and Echinacea purpurea and Hydrangea quercifolia helped maintain a cottage style whilst Taxus baccata hedges and Choisya ternnata provided structure.
This exploration of space was completely conceptual and the design was intended to create a series of emotions of the user. Sketch models and presentation models helped to create interesting space, and explorations with light. The final images
Above. 7 years of neglect
Above. Before, showing overgrown borders and poor state of lawn
Above. Healthy lawn and designed multi tiered planting
Above. After extensive clearance and re establishment of borders and lawn.
were digitally rendered to add people. The brief was to use the Fibonacci sequence of numbers to create a series of spaces.
Below. Planting success achieved with a tiered understorey of Echinacea, Hydrangeas, Geraniums, against a backdrop of Buddleja and Lilacs.
Beech Road St. Albans, Herts
This project involved a large scale clearance followed by the introduction and construction of an area for food production. Recycled concrete flag stones are used for the pathways to allow year round access with a wheel barrow. Raised vegetable beds are constructed from pressure treated pine and filled with organic growing material. The main request from the client was to make use of a previous area of the garden that had become overgrown and unused. The fruit cage was constructed using aluminium from the previous dilapidated cage and pressure treated pine fencing posts.
Firbank Road, St. Albans, Herts
A fairly straightforward turfing job. The client was adamant that all they wanted was a rectangular lawn with two borders either side. Unfortunately not much design was put into this and the result was a fairly sterile back garden. The project involved levelling a sloping site with the use of a heavy duty rotavator and landscaping rake. 100mm of topsoil was added before the surface was compacted and the turf was laid. A new set of steps were constructed at the rear of the garden out of concrete slabs and red brick.
Cunningham Hill Cunningham Road
St. Albans, Herts
St. Albans, Herts
The purpose of this project was to introduce an aesthetically pleasing front border which also added a level of screening from the main road. The existing border offered little structure and inadequate screening with a lonely Choisya, in the middle. Introduction of Buxus hedging at the front and a Photinia Red Robin hedge at the rear gave the bed much needed structure. Existing perennials such as Holly hocks provide seasonal interest
where left to
Cunningham C u n n i n g h Hill am Hill Road, Road St Albans, Herts St. Albans, Herts
This project involved creating an area next to the fish pond which could be used all year round. The proposal This completely was exploration for an area of of space raisedwas decking to be conceptual installed toand be the was intended to create a series of emotions of useddesign for entertaining. the Sketch and presentation models The user. decking wasmodels constructed using treated 2400helped x 144 to create space, and boards explorations withframe light. x 28 mm interesting grooved pine decking on a pine The werescrews digitally rendered add people. fixedfinal withimages galvanised and featurestointergral LED The briefaround was tothe useedge. the Fibonacci sequence of numbers lighting
hjscott writtle school of design
Thank you for reading
Henry Scott Landscape Architecture Portfolio of Works 2011-2014
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A selection of Projects completed by Henry Scott during study of a BSc in Landscape Architecture