HELSINKIâ€™S CLIMATE ROADMAP Towards a carbon neutral and climate resilient city
HELSINKI’S CLIMATE ROADMAP sets out how Helsinki will become
a carbon neutral and climate resilient city during the next decades.
Introduction: Climate change is visible in Helsinki
Climate actions are not just vital at a global level, they are also in
Impacts: Are we going to let climate change cause a
the interests of the citizens of Helsinki. The implementation of the
temperature increase of two or four degrees?
Climate Roadmap’s measures will support the city’s strategy and help
Objective: Carbon neutral and climate resilient Helsinki 2050
Housing: We will live in carbon neutral homes
to make Helsinki an even better place to live, work, conduct business and visit. Helsinki’s total greenhouse gas emissions have already been reduced by 25 per cent since 1990. This means that the emissions of an average citizen of Helsinki are more than 40 per cent smaller than they were in 1990. According to current estimates Helsinki will reach its emission reduction target for 2020. The carbon neutral and climate resilient Helsinki is possible to reach if we act now!
Transportation: Emissions-free transportation is easy and fun
Consumption: Enjoying life in a sustainable way
Environment: A living city – increasing the city and nature
Services: Towards climate-friendly services and products
Helsinki’s greenhouse gas emissions
Helsinki’s climate policy
Helsinki’s climate objectives
Individual climate work
Let’s work together to make Helsinki even more climate-friendly! Helsinki, August 2016
City of Helsinki, 2016 Graphic design: Hill+Knowlton Finland ISBN 978-952-272-912-5 ISBN (PDF) 978-952-272-913-2
Pekka Sauri Deputy Mayor
Second edition Place of printing: Paintek Pihlajamäki Oy Helsinki 2016
CLIMATE CHANGE IS VISIBLE IN HELSINKI CLIMATE CHANGE is already visible in the everyday lives of the residents of Helsinki. The current generations are the first who will be subject to the impacts of climate change. ÂÂ At the same time, we are the last ones who can still prevent uncontrollable and expensive consequences. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS must be reduced now, even though the majority of the most serious impacts of climate change will only become visible in the decades to come. Helsinki wants to become a carbon neutral city by 2050, as well as adapting to unavoidable climate change. The climate objectives are set by the city council and they apply to both Helsinki residents and organizations and to the City organization. In this Roadmap, we detail how the climate objectives can be reached by working together. THE EMISSIONS of the residents of helsinki are very high on an international scale. We feel that we have a responsibility to reduce emissions and set an example. The City of Helsinki is undertaking its own climate effort to make sure that globally we succeed in limiting the temperature increase to well below two degrees as decided in the Paris Agreement. This means that every Helsinki resident must reduce their emissions to almost zero by 2050. CLIMATE MEASURES create new solutions and make Helsinki an even better place to live, work, conduct business and visit. This means a more pleasant and greener city, more flexible transportation from A to B, a cleaner environment, and new modes of business. It could be a question of a mobile app for car sharing, taking part in urban planning, sorting waste at home, or organisational work in promoting renewable energy, all of these are important. Do you have a down-to-earth attitude, or are you a pioneering spirit? This is something everyone can be involved in.
Greenhouse gas emissions must be
LOWERED TO ALMOST ZERO by 2050.
JOIN US IN MAKING A CLIMATE-FRIENDLY HELSINKI!
ARE WE GOING TO LET CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSE A TEMPERATURE INCREASE OF TWO OR FOUR DEGREES?
THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN HELSINKI
MORE CLOUDINESS AND RAIN
AN INCREASE IN EXTREME WEATHER events, heavily variable weather
THE PROGRESSION of climate change depends on whether greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced globally. Emissions must be lowered immediately. CURRENTLY the earth’s temperature has increased by just under a degree, in comparison with pre-industrial times. If we carry on at the current rate, we risk the temperature rising by over four degrees by the end of the century. The changes to the average temperature may sound negligible, but they are not: for example, in the last ice age the average temperature was just four degrees below current levels.
PREPARE FOR SEA LEVELS TO RISE BY 30–60 CM by the end of the century
ALTHOUGH we are working hard to limit the increase of the global temperature to well below two degrees, in Helsinki we should be prepared for the global average temperature to increase by as much as four degrees. Advance preparation is the safest and most affordable way forward.
RISKS AND POSSIBILITIES
that come with changes to the world economy
TORRENTIAL RAIN can cause hundreds of millions of euros worth of damage in just a few hours. Buildings and roads being constructed must now be designed to be able to endure the rainier, stormier and warmer climate of the future. THE RESIDENTS OF HELSINKI should be aware of how to prepare for the impacts of global climate change. For example, problems with the availability of drinking water and food production may be reflected here in the economy or through international politics.
EUTROPHICATION OF WATERS MORE BLUE-GREEN ALGAE IN THE SUMMER
+TWO DEGREES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
+FOUR DEGREES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
Known climate risks can be managed and climate change can be adapted to.
Known climate risks increase and adaptation costs even more.
In Finland the average temperature will rise by over two degrees.
In Finland the average temperature increases by six degrees.
To achieve this we must invest in new low-emissions technology and services now. According to IPCC estimates, climate change mitigation measures will slow annual global economic growth by just 0.06%.
This will be the result if emissions do not soon decrease globally and we keep on investing in old technology. Irreversible changes will be caused to the climate system and the extinction of species will accelerate. Major impacts on global food and water supply.
If our aim of a global climate agreement is achieved, Finland can become a low-emissions society by 2050 without putting economic growth at risk, and may even benefit from it.
By the end of the century Helsinkiâ€™s climate will be equivalent to that of
MODERN DAY GERMANY
AN INCREASE IN ALIEN SPECIES 5
OBJECTIVE: CARBON NEUTRAL AND CLIMATE RESILIENT HELSINKI 2050 HELSINKI has become carbon neutral and the residents of Helsinki have adapted to the changing climate. We have been successful in limiting the temperature increase to well below two degrees through international cooperation.
The residents of Helsinki develop a climate-friendly city
EMISSIONS have been lowered by over 90 per cent since 1990, even though the city’s population has at the same time grown by as much as 70 per cent. Heating, electricity and transportation are almost emissions-free. Green areas bind half of the remaining emissions, and the rest are compensated for by measures such as recovering carbon dioxide from the burning of biofuels.
Materials are recycled. One person’s waste is
ANOTHER’S RAW MATERIAL.
THE METRO, TRAINS AND LIGHT RAIL LINES connect Helsinki’s regional centres.
CLIMATE OBJECTIVES have been achieved with emissions-free energy production and procurement, as well as efficient energy use. Public transport, walking and cycling, as well as new transportation services replace the use of private cars in a dense, green and enjoyable urban environment.
THE DENSE URBAN STRUCTURE
generates low transportation emissions.
THE CITY supports climate actions with new forms of support and cooperation. Remote connections replace plane travel, manufacturing of products and services is based on a circular economy, and the proportion of plant-based food is high.
1990 EMISSIONS KG CO2/ : TOTAL EMISSIONS:
7300 KG 3,6 BILLION KG CO2 6
4300 KG -41% -25%
THE GREEN ENVIRONMENT promotes the health and well-being of city residents.
Our buildings are protected
FROM THE HEAT.
modes of business have been created.
RAIN AND MELT WATER are used in parks and gardens.
Facilities are available for residents to use
Services are available locally in
Energy is produced in a carbon neutral way, and we
HAVE THE WORLDâ€™S BEST energy efficiency.
INSTEAD OF BUYING
goods, we rent and use services together.
3900 KG -47%
-94% -92% CARBON NEUTRAL HELSINKI
WE LIVE IN CARBON NEUTRAL HOMES
VISION 2050 THE GROWING CITYâ€™S energy consumption has decreased, as energy is used as efficiently as possible. The residents of Helsinki and their chosen decision makers wanted zero-emissions energy production, without which carbon neutrality would not have been achieved.
Buildings have become energy producers.
IN 2050 Helsinkiâ€™s buildings are energy efficient, thus their heat and energy consumption is low. Every apartment has good indoor air and a suitable indoor temperature. Old buildings are renovated to become energy efficient, and new buildings produce more energy than they consume. SMART SOLUTIONS increase the efficiency of energy use and make the everyday life easier. These include
automatic regulation of the indoor temperature of buildings and the remote control of electronic devices. By reducing unnecessary energy usage less energy needs to be produced, and emissions will decrease cost efficiently. INCREASED RAINWATER LEVELS, rising sea levels, and increased cooling needs are taken into account in building control. The city and government have encouraged energy renovations via methods such as creating new funding mechanisms and steering people towards energy efficient building with the help of planning and guidance.
causes approximately 40% of Helsinki’s emissions. Of housing emissions, 85% come from heating and warmed domestic water, with the other 15% coming from electricity usage.
WHICH ARE YOU? WANDA WISE 5 minute shower each day =
By improving the
of buildings we can as much as halve buildings’ heating costs.
MONITOR YOUR ENERGY USAGE
by using your electricity company’s online service, for example. Making changes to our consumption habits can reduce emissions by as much as 20%.
€150 PER YEAR SARA SPENDER 20 minute shower each day =
€600 PER YEAR
energiaopas.fi ilmastoinfo.fi eneuvonta.fi
Take advantage of
FREE ENERGY GUIDANCE:
helen.fi/en, energiaopas.fi (in Finnish), ilmastoinfo.fi, eneuvonta.fi (in Finnish)
EMISSIONS-FREE TRANSPORTATION IS EASY AND FUN
VISION 2050 IN 2050 transportation will be a service consisting of different modes of transport, as a result of which residents will be able to travel from A to B in a comfortable and emissions-free way. Carrying out this transportation upheaval required will, open minds and rational planning from residents and decision makers.
With electricity from Pakila to Punavuori â€“ in just 15 minutes.
CROSS-SECTIONAL public transport works efficiently with rail traffic, and the popularity of cycling has increased thanks to an extensive and high quality cycle path network. Many companies offer different kinds of transportation services. Few want to have their own car. Money for the promotion of sustainable modes of transportation has been gathered from transportation pricing since the 2020s.
A DENSELY BUILT CITY and flexible working methods mean that we have to travel less for work. SUFFICIENT DOSES of functional exercise are achieved with everyday trips, as local service can be found within walking and cycling distance. Sustainable transportation has improved our health and brought savings for society. AIR QUALITY is good, and disturbing noise no longer exists. Transportation is almost pollution-free, and street dust deteriorates the air quality less and less. An increase in rain and the need to prevent slipperiness have been taken into consideration when planning transportation and in the maintenance of roads. The City facilitates emissions-free transportation with good land use planning and by supporting public transport and bicycle and pedestrian traffic. The majority of vehicles run on electricity.
ACT NOW Transportation causes a quarter of all emissions.
THE CITY IS EXPANDING THE RAIL TRAFFIC NETWORK AND CYCLE PATHS.
Congestion charges and parking pricing in the centre encourage the use of public transport.
JUST A HALF-HOUR brisk walk or cycle to work every day would improve your well-being.
HAVE YOU CALCULATED
Find out whether your housing association could hire out a car for
how much using a car costs in comparison with public transport?
COMMON USE AMONGST RESIDENTS.
DOES YOUR WORKPLACE SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE MEANS OF TRANSPORT?
bicycle parking and showering facilities employer-sponsored travel tickets
car parking restrictions
emissions limits requirements on company cars
ENJOYING LIFE IN A SUSTAINABLE WAY
Work-out clothes are made of recycled plastic bottles. The worn out clothes become insulation material, which insulates a building for 100 years. Eventually it will be burned to produce energy.
IN 2050 the residents of Helsinki are amongst the most environmentally aware in the world, and are proud of it. Climate change is mitigated through everyday actions such as what food we eat, what kinds of goods and services we buy, and how we sort our waste. Consumption has changed radically as people have started favouring products and services that place the lowest possible load on the environment and which have been produced with respect for people. GETTING PLEASURE from shopping or filling the home with goods is no longer appealing. Renting and loaning have become handy and easy thanks to new services. Waste no longer ends up in landfill sites, as thanks to efficient recycling, one personâ€™s waste has become the raw material for another product. Products are easy to fix
and update. Those in their sixties remember how absurd it was that in the 2010s buying a new laptop was cheaper than fixing a broken one. THE RESIDENTS OF HELSINKI eat less meat than previously. Plant-based food is a healthy and climate-friendly choice for both everyday life and celebratory occasions, and it is easy to see why it is popular. Urban farming has become a hit: the autumn harvest festival has grown to be an event of May Day proportions, and the residents of Helsinki go to pick apples on Esplanadi in the autumn. THE CITY is a pioneer in climate-friendly procurements, and has created new jobs with its ambitious procurement policy. Climate-friendly food is on offer in public kitchens.
MORE VEGETARIAN DAYS A WEEK
will improve your wellbeing and health. You’ll notice the savings in your wallet and in your climate impact.
GET INTERESTED IN URBAN FARMING or food circles. You can find quality food close by.
BORROW GOODS AND CHOOSE FLEA MARKETS,
buy new and sustainable products only when used ones aren’t available.
SUSTAINABLE CATERING FOR MEETINGS.
Swap your ham sandwiches for vegetable tarts.
BUY ECOLABELLED PRODUCTS with minimal packaging.
A LIVING CITY – MORE CITY AND NATURE
Come and explore, live and work in a green, functional and climate resilient Helsinki.
IN 2050 Helsinki will be home to 860,000 people. Helsinki has more city and more nature: the population is denser than ever before, and to counterbalance this, the residents take good care of their beloved local nature. City decision making is open, and residents can partake in developing the climate-friendly city. THE INNERCITY AREA has grown to Käpylä and Munkkiniemi. Malmi, Itäkeskus and Kannelmäki have become distinctive centres, featuring a diverse range of housing, services and jobs. A pleasant urban environment attracts people to move about on bike or on foot, as services are nearby. Climate friendliness is an important criterion in selection of a hobby or hobby location.
RESIDENTS OF HELSINKI take joy in their city, which is known for its greenness and closeness to nature: an urban way of life alongside outdoor recreation has become very popular, whether it involves jogging in Vanhankaupunginlahti, canoeing to nearby islands, or having a picnic in a park in the centre of the city. The extensive green area network offers a habitat for many species, and preserves the diversity of nature. GREEN YARDS, parks and urban forests bind carbon, help with the management of increased rain and melt water, and cool the city in summer heatwaves. Thanks to active voluntary work, harmful alien species are prevented from moving into the area.
WE COOL DOWN FROM THE INCREASED SUMMER HEAT
by creating shade with green areas and building planning.
INCREASED AMOUNTS OF RAIN CAN BE UTILISED
provides a sustainable location for hobbies and training. Exercise in the local park with the changing seasons: skate in the winter and play football or ultimate Frisbee in the summer.
MINIMISATION OF CLIMATE IMPACTS
is a growing trend in the organisation of events. Your own emissions can be minimised, and donations are also gathered for climate protection.
as part of a green and pleasant environment. We are prepared for floods caused by torrential rain, in order to minimise the damage caused.
In urban planning one aim is to create a
COMPREHENSIVE RAIL TRAFFIC NETWORK.
The metro, trains and cross-sectional light rail lines connect Helsinkiâ€™s centres, making it into a network city.
TOWARDS CLIMATE-FRIENDLY SERVICES AND PRODUCTS
Cooperation between the City, companies and research has produced new solutions for more energy efficient ICT technology and storage of electricity.
HELSINKI BASED COMPANIES create new modes of business from mitigating climate change and preparing for the risks and possibilities of a changing climate. Sustainable modes of business are as material and energy efficient as possible, consume few natural resources, are financially sensible, and are sustainable from social viewpoints. Companies export in the areas of energy technology, circular economy, the water sector, and sustainable building expertise, and invest in emissions-free technology. WE USE the possibilities created by open data and technology creatively, thanks to which participating in the cityâ€™s decision making, for example, has become
easier. A smart and measurable environment produces real time information, which supports climate-friendly choices in everyday moving about. THE CITY OF HELSINKI facilitates the development of climate-friendly solutions and has helped companies to identify the risks and possibilities of climate change. The City has supported sustainable modes of business through innovative procurements, land use and transport policies, and partnerships. The City has become a proving ground for new low-carbon solutions.
ACT NOW The City, companies and local actors develop and improve Helsinki
TOGETHER WITH RESIDENTS.
INFORMATION IS OPENLY AVAILABLE.
For example, thermal camera images for insulation solutions are available for use for other innovations.
The importance of
is a growing criterion in selection of services or products.
is growing, for example in the transportation of people and goods.
COMPANIES ARE REDUCING THEIR EMISSIONS IN ALL PHASES OF THE PRODUCTION CHAIN.
HELSINKIâ€™S GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS THE MAJORITY of energy production in Helsinki is based on fossil fuels, which causes large emissions. Helsinki aims at transforming the energy production into carbon neutral by 2050. The heating of buildings is a major cause of emissions. Approximately 90 per cent of properties are part of the district heating network. The primary fuels used in heat production are natural gas and coal. Each individual can influence consumer electricity emissions when signing their electricity agreement. WORK AND LEISURE TIME transportation produces over a quarter of emissions. A dense urban structure creates the conditions for wellfunctioning public transport. There is very little energy-consuming industry in Helsinki. Helsinki households are responsible for the largest proportion of emissions.
DISTRIBUTION OF EMISSIONS BY SECTOR
61% Traffic Communal waste Consumed electricity Electrical heating
BREAKDOWN OF EMISSIONS IN HELSINKI IN 2015 (TOTAL 2650 KT CO2-EQ)
Separate heating District heating
14% Consumed electricity
Services and workplaces (excluding the City)
The Cityâ€™s service buildings and public transport
HELSINKI’S CLIMATE POLICY
THE CITY’S CLIMATE PROGRAMMES and how much of the urban area emissions the objectives within them are targeting.
THE CITY OF HELSINKI wants to be a pioneer in climate work and facilitate the transition into a carbon neutral and climate resilient city.
Emissions from the City Organisation
Municipal energy-efficiency agreement KETS
Covenant of Mayors
CITY OWNED properties and public transport produce emissions that amount to about 10 per cent of the emissions of the entire city area. With different steering measures, such as land use planning, the city can influence around a third of emissions. OF THE HELSINKI AREA’S total emissions, over 70 per cent come from energy production. Carbon neutral energy production requires significant investments from Helsinki’s energy company, Helen. The residents of Helsinki need to have a desire to purchase climate-friendly electricity and heating. The amount of energy production depends on those who consume the energy. Smart energy use can reduce needless consumption and emissions.
• Public buildings • Metro • Tram
The City’s impact area
EMISSIONS caused by the residents of Helsinki come, for the most part, from production of food, goods and services outside the city’s borders. Less than half of the carbon footprint of the average resident is generated within the Helsinki area.
• Planning of land use and transportation • Regulations and instructions • Communications and guidance
Electricity and heating consumption
• District heating • Other heating • Electricity • Small-scale production
HELEN’s development programme
100% The City’s Strategy and Environmental policy
unts for 23 of emissions %
Actual carbon footprint of a Helsinki resident
HELSINKI’S CLIMATE OBJECTIVES ALL CITY AREA EMISSIONS
Reduction of emissions by 30% (1990-2020)
Reduction of energy production emissions by 20% (1990-2020)
Reduction of emissions caused by energy consumption by 20% (1990-2020) in the City’s impact area 1 The City’s Strategy
2 Environmental policy
Carbon-neutral Helsinki 2050: emissions reduced by 90% (1990-2050)
Renewable energy will account for at least 20% of the total energy production in 2020. 1,2,3
Energy savings of 9% in the City’s own operations
3 Helen’s development programme
4 Covenant of Mayors
-90% 20% -9%
5 Municipal energy-efficiency agreement
IN HELSINKI NOW COOPERATION AND GUIDANCE:
Climate partners – A cooperative network between the City of Helsinki and businesses
Energy guidance for homes, housing associations, builders, and renovators (p.9)
Ilmastoinfo guides residents and SMEs in becoming a low carbon city
The EcoCompass Environmental Management System for SMEs, events and departments
TRAFFIC PLANNING AND TRANSPORTATION:
Promotion of the use of low emissions vehicles with parking benefits, charging points for electric cars
The Baana pedestrian and cycle route connects Töölönlahti and Ruoholahti
Support for commute planning for work places from HSL
Construction of cross-sectional public transport
LAND USE AND CONSTRUCTION:
The City as a pioneer; Viikki Environment House, energy efficient renovations
The planner’s workbook for a climate resilient city and the green factor method
Proving grounds for ecological planning and smart solutions: Kuninkaantammi and Kalasatama
Minimum energy efficiency requirements for buildings in plot allocation
Open energy data: heat losses of rooftops, solar potential and energy consumption
Influential environmental work in schools; energy agents, Eco-Schools, the 50–50 project
Achievements by the City’s technical bases and sports halls in energy saving
LED outdoor lighting
Helen’s energy efficient district heating and district cooling systems
Hanasaari coal power plant will be replaced by energy saving and renewables by 2024
Harakka Island’s energy path – renewable energy guidance
Finland’s biggest solar power plant, and a number of smaller ones on the roofs of public buildings
Carbon neutral energy production 2050
Energy savings in the whole city area of 20% per resident (2005-2020)
Climate change adaptation will be integrated into all of the Cityâ€™s operations in order to minimise risks. The effects of climate change and the measures that can be taken to prepare for it will be communicated to municipal residents and companies. 1,2
Built and urban environment adaptation to the changing climate (Helsinki Metropolitan Area Adaptation Strategy)
NEXT STEPS The Eco-support operations network and Climate network support the environmental acts of the Cityâ€™s employees
Energy and adaptation guidance is coordinated and residents know how to use these services
Tools, steering measures and certifications for sustainable planning, procurements and building are developed and brought into use
The participation of the residents in city planning is encouraged
The Journey Planner provides information about the best public transport routes
Bringing in congestion charges is encouraged and moves towards lower emissions transportation are steered with parking policy
The prerequisites for cycling and walking are improved, and the rail traffic network is expanded
Mobility as a Service (MaaS) is developed and launched
Flood defences against coastal floods
Land use is steered with planning for sustainable transportation, energy efficient building, and local renewable energy use
Preparations are made for major floods caused by torrential rain
Climate change is adapted to by increasing urban greenery and reducing impermeable surfaces (e.g. asphalt)
Helsinki metropolitan area into a smart & clean reference area by 2020
Energy renaissance is started in the suburbs, and new service and funding models are developed
Area use efficiency is improved in work places, and empty offices are converted into apartments
Buildings that are more energy efficient are built
Installation of solar energy equipment and air source heat pumps without the need for permits
Towards an emissions-free future with renewables and energy efficiency
Information is made public and services created to promote local energy production
Smart energy systems are invested in, and with these, small-scale production and waste energies can be utilised
INDIVIDUAL CLIMATE WORK – CHALLENGE THE CITY TOO! Every individual resident is important if Helsinki is to become carbon neutral and at the same time a better place to live. The City of Helsinki wants to be a pioneer in cooperation with residents. Join in, challenge us, and suggest new kinds of climate work for the citizens of Helsinki.
UTILISE the guidance services offered by the city, such as in building control. Find out more through events organised by the City, and increase energy efficiency in your home and housing association.
The City listens to and works together with residents.
GIVE THE CITY FEEDBACK about operations that consume energy and development suggestions. Are streetlights on unnecessarily? TAKE PART in the City’s planning: The City organises hearings and resident evenings. Gather your neighbours together, organise discussion events to which you can invite city officials. Present ideas for the development of the area. FOLLOW the City’s climate work on social media and participate in discussion. Draw up a citizen initiative regarding an important climate action. Take part in the activities of citizen organisations. FOLLOW politics and demand decisions that will help Helsinki to become carbon neutral and climate resilient. COLLABORATE with the city in innovation and development. Ask about possibilities to try out new services and products in different City departments. City representatives can also be invited to take part in networks, reports and studies. CLIMATE-FRIENDLY IDEAS should be distributed and implemented! Apply for funding from the innovation fund for good development ideas. The City has opened up information for free use. If you need more information please contact us.
LET’S MAKE A MORE SUSTAINABLE HELSINKI TOGETHER. THE TIME IS NOW.
REDUCING EMISSIONS IN YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE IS EASY. WHAT ARE YOUR METHODS? HOUSEHOLD EMISSIONS OF RESIDENTS OF HELSINKI
TRANSPORTATION Low emissions vehicle vs. average consumption
Travelling by public transport vs. driving
LIGHTING (6% of household emissions) LED bulbs vs. energy saving bulbs
Daylight control and motion sensors
Eco-electricity agreement vs. normal electricity agreement
HEATING ELECTRICITY TRANSPORTATION WASTE
DEVICES (14% of household emissions) Induction stove vs. cast iron stove
Washing temperature of 40°C vs. 60°C per wash
A++ rated fridge vs. old fridge
WARM DOMESTIC WATER (24% of household emissions) Energy saving taps -30% Halving the amount of time spent in the shower HEATING THE HOME (36% of household emissions) Reducing the temperature in the home by 1°C
Installation of an air source heat pump
Adjustment of underfloor heating
Utilisation of sorting
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION www.stadinilmasto.fi/en www.hel.fi/www/ymk/en twitter: @stadinilmasto firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
HELSINKI’S CLIMATE ROADMAP sets out how Helsinki will become a carbon neutral and climate resilient city by 2050. Helsinki wants to become a...
Published on Apr 27, 2015
HELSINKI’S CLIMATE ROADMAP sets out how Helsinki will become a carbon neutral and climate resilient city by 2050. Helsinki wants to become a...