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Green Infrastructure

Existing Conditions


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ /ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

ƚŚĞ ŵŝĚĚůĞ ĂŶĚ ĞĂƐƚĞƌŶ ƉŽƌƟŽŶƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ĂŶĚ ƌŽƵŶĚŽƵƚƚŚĞϮϭйŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJǁŚŝĐŚŝƐĚĞĮŶĞĚĂƐ ƵƌďĂŶůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘hƌďĂŶŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐ;ƵƌďĂŶƉĂƌŬƐͿŵĂŬĞ ƵƉŽŶůLJϯйŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJĂŶĚƐĞƌǀĞĂƐŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞƐŝŶ džŝƐƟŶŐ ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ͕ ƌĞůĂƚĞĚ ƚŽ ŐƌĞĞŶ ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞŵŽƌĞƵƌďĂŶƉŽĐŬĞƚƐ͘ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ĐĂŶďĞĐĂƚĞŐŽƌŝnjĞĚŝŶƚŽĞdžŝƐƟŶŐ ƉůĂŶƐ ĂŶĚ ŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ ;ƐƚƌĞŶŐƚŚƐͿ͕ ƚŚƌĞĂƚƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ĞdžŝƐƟŶŐ KƉĞŶ ǁĂƚĞƌŝƐ ϯйŽĨ ƚŚĞƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌŝŶ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ůĂŶĚ ƵƐĞ ;ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐͿ͘ džŝƐƟŶŐ ƉůĂŶ ĂŶĚ ŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘DĂũŽƌƐƵƌĨĂĐĞǁĂƚĞƌƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞ,ŽƌƐĞƐŚŽĞ>ĂŬĞ͕ ŝůůƵƐƚƌĂƚĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ ŬĞLJ ĞŶƟƟĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĂƌĞ ƉůĂŶŶŝŶŐ ĨŽƌ ,ŽůŝĚĂLJ ^ŚŽƌĞƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ,ŝŐŚůĂŶĚͬ^ŝůǀĞƌ >ĂŬĞ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ ŐƌĞĞŶ ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƌĞŐŝŽŶ͘ ZĞǀŝĞǁŝŶŐ ƚŚƌĞĂƚƐ ƚŽƚŚĞƐĞǁĂƚĞƌďŽĚŝĞƐ͕DĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJĂůƐŽĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐ ŝƐ ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚ ŝŶ ƐƚƌĂƚĞŐŝĐĂůůLJ ƉůĂŶŶŝŶŐ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ĨƵƚƵƌĞ ŵĂŶLJ ƐƚƌĞĂŵƐ ;Ğ͘Ő͘ ^ŝůǀĞƌ ƌĞĞŬͿ ĂŶĚ ŝƐ ďŽƌĚĞƌĞĚ ŽŶ ŽĨ ŐƌĞĞŶ ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ ŝŶ ŽƵƌ ƌĞŐŝŽŶ͘ <ŶŽǁůĞĚŐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ƐŝĚĞ ďLJ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ĐƵƌƌĞŶƚůĂŶĚƵƐĞĂůůŽǁƐĂŶĂůLJƟĐĂůƚŚŝŶŬŝŶŐĂďŽƵƚĂƐƐĞƚƐ ĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƚĞƚŽϰйŽĨƚŚĞƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘tĞƚůĂŶĚƐĂƌĞ ĂŶĚŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐŝŶĞĂĐŚŽĨƚŚĞĚŝƐƟŶĐƚƐĞǀĞŶĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ ĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƚĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚ,ŽƌƐĞƐŚŽĞ>ĂŬĞĂŶĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĂƚĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘&ŽůůŽǁŝŶŐƌĞǀŝĞǁ ƚŚĞ͞ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ͟ŇŽŽĚƉůĂŝŶƐŽĨƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ŽĨƚŚĞƐĞĞdžŝƐƟŶŐĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ͕ƌĞĐŽŵŵĞŶĚĂƟŽŶƐĐĂŶďĞ ZŝǀĞƌĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞǁĞƐƚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ ƚĂŝůŽƌͲŵĂĚĞ ƚŽ Ă ƌĞŐŝŽŶ ƚŚĂƚ ŝƐ ƌŝƉĞ ĨŽƌ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚĞŶŚĂŶĐĞŵĞŶƚŽĨŐƌĞĞŶŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ͘ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚƐ ĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ ϰϬй ŽĨ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝŶ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ EĞĂƌůLJ ŚĂůĨ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƐƚĂƚĞ͛Ɛ ůĂŶĚ ŝƐ ĚĞĚŝĐĂƚĞĚ ƚŽ ĨĂƌŵŝŶŐ Žƌ ƌĂŶĐŚŝŶŐ͘ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ DĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĚŽŵŝŶĂƚĞƐ ƚŚĞ ĞĂƐƚĞƌŶ ƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ĂůƚŚŽƵŐŚ ƚŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚ ƉŽƌƟŽŶƐ ŽĨ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵ͕ ĂŵŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ /Ŷ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ƐƚĂƚĞ ĂŶĚ ĨĞĚĞƌĂů ůĂŶĚƐ ĂƌĞ ƵƌďĂŶĂŶĚǁĂƚĞƌͬǁĞƚůĂŶĚůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ͘ŚŽƚĞĂƵ/ƐůĂŶĚĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌŵĂũŽƌůĂŶĚ ZƵƌĂů ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐ Žƌ ŽƉĞŶ ƐƉĂĐĞ ŵĂŬĞ ƵƉ ϭϳй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŵƉůĞdžĞƐ ĂƌĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ ƌŝǀĞƌ ďLJ h^ ƌŵLJ ůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌĂŶĚƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƉůĂŶƚĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞ ŽƌƉƐŽĨŶŐŝŶĞĞƌƐ;h^ͿĂŶĚ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚŽĨ ŶĞŝƚŚĞƌĨŽƌĞƐƚŽƌĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů͘dŚĞƐĞĂƌĞĂƐĞdžŝƐƚŵŽƐƚůLJ EĂƚƵƌĂůƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ;/EZͿĂŶĚDŝƐƐŽƵƌŝĞŶƟƟĞƐŽŶƚŚĞ ĂƚƚŚĞĨƌŝŶŐĞŽƌĞĚŐĞŽĨǁŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞƐƚĂŶĚĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů DŝƐƐŽƵƌŝƐŝĚĞŽĨƚŚĞƌŝǀĞƌ͘,ŽƌƐĞƐŚŽĞ>ĂŬĞĂůƐŽŐĂƌŶĞƌƐ ůĂŶĚƐŵĞĞƚ͘ ĂƐŝnjĂďůĞĂŵŽƵŶƚŽĨƐƚĂƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚ͘ dŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ŚĂƐ ŵĂŶLJ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂů ĂƐƐĞƚƐ ƌĂŶŐŝŶŐ ĨƌŽŵ ŶĂƚƵƌĞ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƐ͕ ƚŽ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJ ;ŝ͘Ğ͕͘ ƚŚĞ EĂƚƵƌĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞͿ͕ ƚŽ ĐŝƚLJ ƉĂƌŬƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ůƚŽŶŚĂƐŽǀĞƌĂĚŽnjĞŶƐŵĂůůƚŽůĂƌŐĞƐŝnjĞĚ ƉĂƌŬƐͿ͘ĚǁĂƌĚƐǀŝůůĞĂůƐŽŚĂƐĂŶĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞƉĂƌŬŶĞƚǁŽƌŬ ĂŶĚŝƐƚŚĞŚƵďĨŽƌŵĂŶLJůŽŶŐͲĚŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ;ĨŽƌŵĞƌƌĂŝůůŝŶĞƐͿ ďŝĐLJĐůĞƐƚƌĂŝůƐƚŚĂƚĞdžƚĞŶĚĨƵƌƚŚĞƌŝŶƚŽƚŚĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶƉĂƌƚ ŽĨDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ͘KƚŚĞƌŵĂũŽƌŚƵďƐĐŽƵůĚŝŶĐůƵĚĞdƌŝ ŝƚLJWĂƌŬŝŶdƌŽLJ͕ƚŚĞůĂŶĚƐƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚ,ŝŐŚůĂŶĚͬ ^ŝůǀĞƌ >ĂŬĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚƐ ĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ĂŚŽŬŝĂDŽƵŶĚƐ;ǁĞƐƚŽĨŽůůŝŶƐǀŝůůĞͿ͘

&ŽƌĞƐƚůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͕ϭϮйŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͛ƐƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͕ ŝƐŵŽƐƚƉƌĞǀĂůĞŶƚŝŶƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶĂŶĚŵŝĚĚůĞƉŽƌƟŽŶƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ŚĞĂǀŝůLJ ĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚ ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŽƵŶƚLJ͛ƐƐƚƌĞĂŵ͕ǁŝƚŚĨŽƌĞƐƚƐďĞŝŶŐƚŚĞŵŽƐƚ ĐŽŵŵŽŶůĂŶĚ ƵƐĞĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽƐƚƌĞĂŵƐŝŶƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͕ ůŽŐŝĐĂůůLJ͕ ŝƐ ůĞƐƐ ƉƌĞǀĂůĞŶƚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƵƌďĂŶůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌĂƌĞĂƐ͕ĂŶĚʹƵŶĨŽƌƚƵŶĂƚĞůLJͲŝƐƵŶĚĞƌ ƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘

ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ

DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƉƵďůŝĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚƐ ĂƌĞ ůĂƌŐĞůLJ ĐĞŶƚĞƌĞĚ ĂƌŽƵŶĚ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ ,ŽƌƐĞƐŚŽĞ >ĂŬĞ ĂŶĚ ĂŚŽŬŝĂ DŽƵŶĚƐ ŵĂLJ ĂůƐŽ ďĞ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ >ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚƐ ŚƵďƐ͘ Ŷ ĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞ ƚƌĂŝů ŶĞƚǁŽƌŬƐ ,ŝŐŚĂŶĚůŽǁĚĞŶƐŝƚLJƵƌďĂŶůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌŝƐĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƚĞĚ ĂůƐŽĞdžŝƐƚƐĨŽƌƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶŝŶDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ͘dƌĂŝůƐƌƵŶ ŝŶƚŚĞǁĞƐƚĞƌŶƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJĂŶĚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐŵĂũŽƌ ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ ĞŶƟƌĞ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ĐŝƟĞƐ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ůƚŽŶ͕ ĚǁĂƌĚƐǀŝůůĞ͕ 'ƌĂŶŝƚĞ ŝƚLJ͕ ĂŶĚ ďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ EƵŵĞƌŽƵƐ ƚƌĂŝůƐ ĂůƐŽ ĨŽƌŵ ŽůůŝŶƐǀŝůůĞ͘^ŵĂůůĞƌŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐĂƌĞƐĐĂƩĞƌĞĚĂŵŽŶŐ 2 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Ă ŶĞƚǁŽƌŬ ǁŝƚŚ ĚǁĂƌĚƐǀŝůůĞ ĂŶĚ 'ůĞŶ ĂƌďŽŶ Ăƚ ƚŚĞ ĐĞŶƚĞƌ͘dƌĂŝůƐĐŽŶŶĞĐƚŵŽƌĞƵƌďĂŶĂƌĞĂƐǁŝƚŚƐŽŵĞŽĨ ƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞƌďůŽĐŬƐŽĨƉƵďůŝĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶůĂŶĚƐ͘ KŶĞƚƌĂŝů ĞǀĞŶĐŽŶŶĞĐƚƐDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJǁŝƚŚDŝƐƐŽƵƌŝ͕ĂĐƌŽƐƐ ƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌ͘

KƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌĂĐĐŽƵŶƚƐĨŽƌϭйŽĨƚŚĞƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌʹ ŵƵĐŚŽĨƚŚŝƐĐĂŶďĞĂƩƌŝďƵƚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ ǁŚŝĐŚŵĞĂŶĚĞƌƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚƉĂƌƚŽĨ^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘tĞƚůĂŶĚƐĂĐĐŽƵŶƚĨŽƌĂŶŽƚŚĞƌϯйŽĨƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ŽĐĐƵƌ ďŽƚŚ ŶŽƌƚŚ ĂŶĚ ƐŽƵƚŚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ;ƐŽŵĞĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽƚŚĞƌŝǀĞƌĂůƐŽͿǁŝƚŚ tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ DĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJǁĂƚĞƌƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞŶƵŵďĞƌϯϬϯĚ ƚŚĞ ŚĞĂǀŝĞƐƚ ĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ŽĐĐƵƌƌŝŶŐ ŝŶ ŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐ͘/ŵƉĂŝƌĞĚǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐŝŶDĂĚŝƐŽŶ ƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚĞƌŶŵŽƐƚĐŽƌŶĞƌũƵƐƚŽƵƚƐŝĚĞŽĨDĂƌŝƐƐĂ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ^ƵŐĂƌ ƌĞĞŬ ĂŶĚ ^ŝůǀĞƌ ƌĞĞŬ͕ ĂŵŽŶŐ ĐŝƚLJůŝŵŝƚƐ͘ ŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘ ůů ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ǁĂƚĞƌƐŚĞĚƐ ĞǀĞŶƚƵĂůůLJ ĚƌĂŝŶ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ ĂŶĚ ŵĂŶLJ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƐƚƌĞĂŵƐ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞ ĚŽŵŝŶĂƚĞƐ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͕ ϱϳй ŽĨ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŇŽǁĚŝƌĞĐƚůLJŝŶƚŽƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌ͘dŚĞϭϬϬzĞĂƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ ĚĞĮŶĞĚ ĂƐ ŚĂǀŝŶŐ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ ŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞŝŶDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJŝƐĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚǁŝƚŚůĂƌŐĞƌ ^ŽŵĞ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĞdžŝƐƚƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĨĞƌƟůĞ ƐƚƌĞĂŵƐĂŶĚĂůƐŽŝŶƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ͕ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽ ͞ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ͕͟DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝŇŽŽĚƉůĂŝŶ͕ŝŶƚĞƌŵŝdžĞĚ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ǁŚĞƌĞ ƐĞĂƐŽŶĂů ŇŽŽĚŝŶŐ ŽĐĐƵƌƐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ŵŽƌĞ ƵƌďĂŶŝnjĞĚ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘,ŽǁĞǀĞƌ͕ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌŝƐŵƵĐŚŵŽƌĞ ƌĞŐƵůĂƌůLJ͘ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ ŝƐ ƚŚĞ ůĞƐƐ ĚĞŶƐĞůLJ ƉŽƉƵůĂƚĞĚ ĞĂƐƚĞƌŶ ĂŶĚ ƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶƐŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘DŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJ

^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌŽƵŶƚLJ ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ĞĐŽ ĂƐƐĞƚƐ ĂƌĞ ƉƌŝŵĂƌŝůLJ ĐŽŶƚĂŝŶĞĚ ǁŝƚŚŝŶĐŽƵŶƚLJĂŶĚŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůƉĂƌŬƐ͘ĞůůĞǀŝůůĞ͕K͛&ĂůůŽŶ͕ &ĂŝƌǀŝĞǁ ,ĞŝŐŚƚƐ͕ ^ŚŝůŽŚ ĂŶĚ ^ǁĂŶƐĞĂ ĂůƐŽ ďŽůƐƚĞƌ ƉĂƌŬ ƐLJƐƚĞŵƐ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕ ƐŽŵĞ ƐŝnjĞĂďůĞ ;Ğ͘Ő͘ ϭϬϬ ĂĐƌĞͿ ďůŽĐŬƐ ŽĨ ƉƌŝǀĂƚĞůLJ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ŽƉĞŶ ƐƉĂĐĞ ĂůƐŽ ĞdžŝƐƚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌŽƵŶƚLJ͘Ŷ/E/ƐŝƚĞĐŽǀĞƌƐ ĂůĂƌŐĞĂƌĞĂĂƌŽƵŶĚ^ƚĞŵůĞƌĂǀĞ;ǁĞƐƚŽĨDŝůůƐƚĂĚƚͿ͘ ^ƚĂƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚƐďƵīĞƌƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌĨƌŽŵ &ĂLJĞƩĞǀŝůůĞ ƐŽƵƚŚ ƚŽ ĂůĚǁŝŶ >ĂŬĞ ;ƐŽƵƚŚ ŽĨ EĞǁ ƚŚĞŶƐͿ͘^ƚĂƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚƐĂůƐŽŝŶĐůƵĚĞƚŚĞĂŚŽŬŝĂ DŽƵŶĚƐ ƐŝƚĞ ĂŶĚ &ƌĂŶŬ ,ŽůƚĞŶ ^ƚĂƚĞ WĂƌŬ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚ ŝƐ ƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶĐĞďĞĐĂƵƐĞŽĨŝƚƐƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚǁŝƚŚŝŶ Ă ůĂƌŐĞůLJ ƵƌďĂŶŝnjĞĚ ĂƌĞĂ ;ďĞƚǁĞĞŶ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ WĂƌŬ ĂŶĚůŽƌƚŽŶͿ͘>ŝƩůĞƐƚĂƚĞŽƌĨĞĚĞƌĂůůLJƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚƐ ĞdžŝƐƚĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞ^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌʹDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌďŽƌĚĞƌ͘

ZƵƌĂů ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐ ĂŶĚ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ ůĂŶĚ ŽǀĞƌ͕ ƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ͕ ĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞ Ϯϱй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘&ŽƌĞƐƚĞĚĂƌĞĂƐŽĐĐƵƌũƵƐƚĞĂƐƚŽĨƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵ͕ŽŶʹŵŽƐƚůŝŬĞůLJͲďůƵīƐƚŚĂƚŵĂŬĞĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ŽĨĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞĚŝĸĐƵůƚ͘&ŽƌĞƐƚĂŶĚŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ ƉƌĞǀĂůĞŶƚ ĂůŽŶŐ ďŽƚŚ ƐŵĂůůĞƌ ƚƌŝďƵƚĂƌŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŵĂũŽƌ ǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐ ʹ ĞƐƉĞĐŝĂůůLJ ^ŝůǀĞƌ ƌĞĞŬ ƌƵŶŶŝŶŐ ŶŽƌƚŚƚŽƐŽƵƚŚĂŶĚĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌƌƵŶŶŝŶŐ ĞĂƐƚƚŽǁĞƐƚ͘

ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ

^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƉƵďůŝĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚ ŚƵďƐ ŵĂLJ ďĞ ĂŚŽŬŝĂDŽƵŶĚƐ͕&ƌĂŶŬ,ŽůƚĞŶĂŶĚƉƵďůŝĐůĂŶĚĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ͘ĞůůĞǀŝůůĞŚĂƐĂǁŝĚĞŶĞƚǁŽƌŬŽĨƚƌĂŝůƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĞdžƚĞŶĚ ŶŽƌƚŚ͕ ƐŽƵƚŚ͕ ĞĂƐƚ͕ ĂŶĚ ǁĞƐƚ ĐŽŶŶĞĐƟŶŐ ŵĂŶLJ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĞĂƌďLJ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐ͘ ^ǁĂŶƐĞĂ ŚĂƐ Ă ŶƵŵďĞƌ ŽĨ ƉůĂŶŶĞĚ ƚƌĂŝůƐ ƚŚĂƚ ǁŝůů ĐŽŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚ ƚŚĞ ĞdžŝƐƟŶŐ ƚƌĂŝů ŶĞƚǁŽƌŬ͘ K͛&ĂůůŽŶ ĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐ Ă ůĂƌŐĞ ďůŽĐŬ ŽĨ ƉƵďůŝĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚ ǁŝƚŚ Ă ƚƌĂŝů ůŽŽƉ ĨŽƌ ƉƵďůŝĐ >ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ͘ KƚŚĞƌ ůĂƌŐĞ ƉƵďůŝĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚ ŚƵďƐ hƌďĂŶĂƌĞĂƐĐŽŵƉŽƐĞϭϮйŽĨ^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌĐŽƵŶƚLJ͛ƐƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚ ĐŽƵůĚ ďĞ ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌ ĞŶŚĂŶĐĞĚ ďLJ ĐŽŶŶĞĐƟŽŶƐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ dŚĞ ĚĞŶƐĞƐƚ ƵƌďĂŶ ĂƌĞĂƐ ĂƌĞ ƐŝƚƵĂƚĞĚ ĚŝƌĞĐƚůLJ ƚƌĂŝůƐ͘ ĞĂƐƚŽĨ^ƚ͘>ŽƵŝƐŝƚLJĂŶĚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐ&ĂŝƌŵŽŶƚŝƚLJ͕ĂƐƚ ^ƚ͘>ŽƵŝƐ͕ĂŶĚĂŚŽŬŝĂĐůŽƐĞƐƚƚŽƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌ tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ĂŶĚ &ĂŝƌǀŝĞǁ ,ĞŝŐŚƚƐ͕ K͛&ĂůůŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ĞůůĞǀŝůůĞ ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌ ^ƚůĂŝƌŽƵŶƚLJŝƐĐŽǀĞƌĞĚďLJůĂƌŐĞĞdžƉĂŶƐĞƐŽĨϭϬϬLJĞĂƌ ĞĂƐƚ͘^ŵĂůůĞƌŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐĂƌĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶ ŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞ͘&ůŽŽĚnjŽŶĞƐĞdžŝƐƚŝŶƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ ĂŶĚƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘DĂƐĐŽƵƚĂŚ͕ ;ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJͿ͕ ĂůŽŶŐ ^ŝůǀĞƌ ƌĞĞŬ &ƌĞĞďƵƌŐ͕EĞǁƚŚĞŶƐ͕ĂŶĚDĂƌŝƐƐĂͿ͘ ĂŶĚƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌŝŶƚŚĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞ October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 3


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ĂŶĚĂůŽŶŐZŝĐŚůĂŶĚƌĞĞŬŝŶƚŚĞĐĞŶƚĞƌƉĂƌƚŽĨ ƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘/ŵƉĂŝƌĞĚǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ ĂŶĚ ZŝĐŚůĂŶĚ ƌĞĞŬ ĂůŽŶŐ ǁŝƚŚ ŽƚŚĞƌ͕ ƐŵĂůůĞƌ ƐĞŐŵĞŶƚƐŽĨƐƚƌĞĂŵƐ͘

DŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJ ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ dŚĞŵŽƐƚƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐĂŵŽŶŐDŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůĂƐƐĞƚƐĂƌĞƚŚĞĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞ/E/ƐŝƚĞƐ͘/E/ƐŝƚĞƐ ĂƌĞĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚǁŝƚŚ^ƚĞŵůĞƌĂǀĞ͕ƚŽƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚ͕ĂŶĚŝŶ ƚŚĞŝŶƚĞƌŝŽƌƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJůĂƌŐĞ/E/ƐŝƚĞǁĞƐƚ ĂŶĚƐŽƵƚŚŽĨtĂƚĞƌůŽŽ͘ĚĚŝƟŽŶĂů͕ƐŵĂůůĞƌ/E/ƐŝƚĞĂƌĞ ůŽĐĂƚĞĚĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞďůƵī;ŝŶĂƌĞĂƐǁŚĞƌĞůĂŶĚŚĂƐďĞĞŶ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚďLJƚŚĞƐƚĂƚĞŽƌŶŽŶƉƌŽĮƚƐ͕Ğ͘Ő͕͘tŚŝƚĞZŽĐŬ͕ &ƵůƚƐ,ŝůůWƌĂŝƌŝĞͿ͘ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůĂƐƐĞƚƐĂƌĞŵŽƌĞƉůĞŶƟĨƵů ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ ďůƵī ůŝŶĞ ŝŶ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ ǀĂƌŝŽƵƐ ůĂŶĚĂŶĚǁĂƚĞƌ͕ŶĂƚƵƌĞƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƐͿƚŚĂŶŝŶƚŚĞďŽƩŽŵ ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘<ŝĚĚ>ĂŬĞĂŶĚƉƌŝǀĂƚĞŚƵŶƟŶŐĐůƵďͿ͘>ĞƐƐĨĞĚĞƌĂůůLJ ŽƌƐƚĂƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚƐĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝƚŚĂŶŝŶ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ĂůƚŚŽƵŐŚ ƐƚĂƚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚƐ ĚŽ ĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞƚŚĞĞŶƟƌĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶŵŽƐƚďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJŽĨDŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ;ĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌͿ͘

ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞŵĂŬĞƐƵƉĂƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚŵĂũŽƌŝƚLJʹϲϬйͲŽĨ ƚŽƚĂůDŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘dŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ ŝƐ ĚŽŵŝŶĂƚĞĚ ďLJ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕ ŝŶƚĞƌŝŽƌ ƉŽƌƟŽŶƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽ ůĂƌŐĞůLJ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů͘ ŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂďůĞ ƐƉĂĐĞ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂů ůŝŵŝƚƐŝƐĂůƐŽĚĞĮŶĞĚĂƐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ ƌƵƌĂů ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ ĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞ ϯϯй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘  ƚŚŝŶ ĐŽƌƌŝĚŽƌ ŽĨ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ƉĂƌĂůůĞůƐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͘dŽƚŚĞĞĂƐƚŽĨƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ͕ĨŽƌĞƐƚĂŶĚ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ŵŽƐƚ ƉƌĞǀĂůĞŶƚ͘ dŚŝƐ ŚĞĂǀLJ ĨŽƌĞƐƚĞĚĂƌĞĂĞdžŝƐƚƐĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞďůƵīƐǁŚĞƌĞƚŽƉŽŐƌĂƉŚLJ ǁŽƵůĚŝŵƉĞĚĞĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚŽƌĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚĞĚ ĂŶĚ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ ĂƉƉĂƌĞŶƚ ĂůŽŶŐƐƚƌĞĂŵĐŽƌƌŝĚŽƌƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ŽŶĚƌĞĞŬ͕,ŽƌƐĞƌĞĞŬ͕ ZŝĐŚůĂŶĚƌĞĞŬ^ŽƵƚŚ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌǁŚŝĐŚŝƐ ƚŚĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJͿ͘

ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ

DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƉƵďůŝĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚƐ ŵŽƐƚůLJ ĞdžŝƐƚ ŝŶ ĐŝƚLJ ƉĂƌŬƐ ŝŶ tĂƚĞƌůŽŽ ĂŶĚ ŽůƵŵďŝĂ ĂŶĚ ƐƚĂƚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ƐƉĂĐĞƐ ŝŶ sĂůŵĞLJĞƌ ĂŶĚ &ƵůƚƐ͘ tĂƚĞƌůŽŽĂŶĚŽůƵŵďŝĂĂůƐŽŚĂǀĞůŝŵŝƚĞĚĞdžŝƐƟŶŐƚƌĂŝůƐ ďƵƚ ŶƵŵĞƌŽƵƐ ƉůĂŶŶĞĚ ƚƌĂŝů ĨĂĐŝůŝƟĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ ƉƵďůŝĐ ĐŽƵůĚ ĂĐĐĞƐƐ ĨŽƌ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ƉƵƌƉŽƐĞƐ͘ ĚĚŝƟŽŶ ƐƚĂƚĞ >ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚ ĞdžŝƐƚƐ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƵƌďĂŶ ĂƌĞĂ ĂĐĐŽƵŶƚƐ ĨŽƌ ϯй ŽĨ ƚŽƚĂů ŝŶ ĞĂƐƚĞƌŶ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ďƵƚ ŶŽ ƚƌĂŝůƐ ĞdžŝƐƚ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ ͞hƌďĂŶ͟ ;ƉƌŝŵĂƌŝůLJ ůŽǁ ĚĞŶƐŝƚLJͿ ĂƌĞĂƐ ŽƌĐŽŶŶĞĐƚƚŚĞƐĞƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶůĂŶĚƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƌĞƐƚŽĨƚŚĞ ĂƌĞ ŝƐŽůĂƚĞĚ ƚŽ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐ͗ ƉƌŝŵĂƌŝůLJ ŽůƵŵďŝĂ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ ĂŶĚ tĂƚĞƌůŽŽ ĂŶĚ ƐĞĐŽŶĚĂƌLJ ƐŵĂůůĞƌ ƚŽǁŶƐ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ sĂůŵĞLJĞƌ͕ DĂĞLJƐƚŽǁŶ͕ &ƵůƚƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ,ĞĐŬĞƌ͘ hƌďĂŶ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ĐŽŶƚĂŝŶĞĚ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ĚŽĞƐ ŶŽƚ ĨƵůůLJ Įůů͕ ƚŚĞ tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůůŝŵŝƚƐŽĨƚŚĞƐĞƐŝdžƚŽǁŶƐ͘hƌďĂŶŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐ dŚĞ ĞŶƟƌĞ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ƚŚŝƌĚ ŽĨ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ƚŚĞ ;ƉĂƌŬƐͿ ĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƚĞ ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ ƐĐĂŶƚ ϭй ƚŽ ƚŽƚĂů ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵ͕ ŝƐ ĚĞƐŝŐŶĂƚĞĚ ĂƐ Ă ϭϬϬ LJĞĂƌ ŇŽŽĚ njŽŶĞ͘&ůŽŽĚnjŽŶĞĂůƐŽĞdžŝƐƚƐĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞĞĂƐƚĞƌŶďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ ůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ ;<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ ŇŽŽĚ njŽŶĞͿ͘ WƌĂŝƌŝĞ ĚƵ >ŽŶŐ ƌĞĞŬ KƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌĂŶĚǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞϮйŽĨƚŚĞƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚ ĂŶĚ,ŽƌƐĞƌĞĞŬĂƌĞƚŚĞŵũŽƌŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐŝŶ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ ůĂĐŬƐ ƚŚĞ ůĂƌŐĞƌ ǁĂƚĞƌ ďŽĚŝĞƐ DŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJ͘dŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌŝƐĂůƐŽĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ ůĂŬĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƌĞƐĞƌǀŽŝƌƐͿ ƚŚĂƚ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŝŶŐ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ ĂŶ ŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚ ǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJ ʹ ƚŚŝƐ ƌŝǀĞƌ ďŽƌĚĞƌƐ DŽŶƌŽĞ ŚĂǀĞĞdžĐĞƉƚĨŽƌĂƐŵĂůůǁĂƚĞƌďŽĚLJŶŽƌƚŚŽĨsĂůŵĞLJĞƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ĂŶĚ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ ƚŚĞ ƐŽƵƌĐĞ ŽĨ ĚƌŝŶŬŝŶŐ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĨŽƌ ĂŶĚ <ŝĚĚ >ĂŬĞ ƐŽƵƚŚ ŽĨ &ƵůƚƐ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ĂƌĞ ƐƉĂƌŝŶŐůLJ ŵĂŶLJƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ͘ ĚŝƐƉĞƌƐĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ;ƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞƐƚǁĞƚůĂŶĚ ĐŽŵƉůĞdžĞƐ ĞdžŝƐƚ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƚǁŽ ǁĂƚĞƌ ďŽĚŝĞƐ ŵĞŶƟŽŶĞĚ ĂďŽǀĞͿ͘ dŚĞ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵ ƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŽĨ DŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJŝƐƐƵƌƉƌŝƐŝŶŐůLJĂďƐĞŶƚŽĨǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐ;ŝŶ ůŝĞƵŽĨĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚͿ͘

4 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


Ecological Assets include public open space underdžŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ (1) Federal (e.g., US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wildlife, US Forest Service, etc. sites), (2) State (e.g., Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources and MO Dept. of Conservation lands), (3) County/ Municipal (e.g., County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces), and (4) Non Profit (e.g., conservation easements & nature preserves) ownership. State-listed nature preserve sites are highquality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat also included in ‘ecological assets’. Private Open Space too is featured on the map and included in analysis: private golf courses, ball fields, etc. Also included are Illinois Natural Area Inventory (INAI) sites; properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna.

October, 2013

50 ac. 100 acres

500 acres Munipal Boundaries

Metro Link

Rail Lines

Streams

Bodies of Water

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Maps, such as the one here, of ecological assets were created for each of the seven counties in the HeartLands Conservancy region.

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 5

St. Clair County Ecological Assets


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚŽƵŶƚLJ ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ /Ŷ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂů ĂƐƐĞƚƐ ĂƌĞ ŵŽƐƚ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĨŽƌŵ ŽĨ ƐƚĂƚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚƐ͘ ^ƉĞĐŝĮĐĂůůLJ͕ƐƚĂƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚƐŽŶĞŝƚŚĞƌƐŝĚĞŽŶƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ ďŝƐĞĐƚ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƐŽƵƚŚ ǁŚĞƌĞ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ŵĞĞƚƐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͘ dŚĞ tŽƌůĚ ^ŚŽŽƟŶŐ ŽŵƉůĞdž ŽƵƚƐŝĚĞ ^ƉĂƌƚĂ͕ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚŽƵŶƚLJŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĂƌĞĂŶŽƌƚŚŽĨŚĞƐƚĞƌ ĂŶĚ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶĂů ƐƚĂƚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶ ƟƉ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ĂĚĚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŽǀĞƌĂůů ŝŵƉƌĞƐƐŝŽŶ ŽĨ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚ ƐƚĂƚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ĞĐŽ ĂƐƐĞƚƐ͘ ^ŽŵĞ ƐŵĂůůĞƌ /E/ƐŝƚĞƐĞdžŝƐƚŝŶƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶĂŶĚƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶŵŽƐƚ ƉŽŝŶƚƐŽĨZĂŶĚŽůƉŚŽƵŶƚLJ͘ĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůůLJ͕ƚŚĞ^ŚĂǁŶĞĞ EĂƟŽŶĂů &ŽƌĞƐƚ ďŽƵŶĚĂƌŝĞƐ ďĞŐŝŶ Ăƚ ƚŚĞ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJʹ:ĂĐŬƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ;ƚŽƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚͿůŝŶĞ͘^ŝnjĞĂďůĞ ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ϭϬϬĂĐƌĞƐнͿƚƌĂĐƚƐƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚďLJŶŽŶƉƌŽĮƚƐĂůƐŽ ĞdžŝƐƚǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘

>ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ  ƚŽƚĂů ŽĨ Ϯй ŽĨ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ĐĂƚĞŐŽƌŝnjĞĚ ĂƐ ƵƌďĂŶ͘ hƌďĂŶ ĂƌĞĂƐ ĂƌĞ ůŝŵŝƚĞĚ ƚŽ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂů ďŽƵŶĚĂƌŝĞƐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ >ĂƌŐĞƌ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ZĞĚ ƵĚ͕ ^ƉĂƌƚĂ͕ ĂŶĚ ŚĞƐƚĞƌ͕ ƐŵĂůůĞƌ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ dŝůĚĞŶ͕ ǀĂŶƐǀŝůůĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ^ƚĞĞůǀŝůůĞ͕ĂŵŽŶŐŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘hƌďĂŶŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐ͕ĞƋƵĂůůLJĮůů ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůďŽƵŶĚĂƌŝĞƐ͕ĂůŽŶŐǁŝƚŚƵƌďĂŶĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ͘ KƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌĂŶĚǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐĂĐĐŽƵŶƚĨŽƌϯйŽĨZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͛ƐƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ĂůĚǁŝŶ>ĂŬĞŝŶƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶ ƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJŝƐƚŚĞŵŽƐƚŶŽƚĂďůĞǁĂƚĞƌďŽĚLJ͘dŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ Ă ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚ ĨĞĂƚƵƌĞ ƌƵŶŶŝŶŐ ŶŽƌƚŚƚŽƐŽƵƚŚĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞŵŝĚĚůĞŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJƚŽǁŚĞƌĞ ŝƚ ŵĞĞƚƐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ǁŚŝĐŚ ĨŽƌŵƐ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ͘  ŶƵŵďĞƌ ŽĨ ƐŵĂůů ůĂŬĞƐ ĞdžŝƐƚ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ >ĂŬĞ͕ŶŽƌƚŚŽĨŚĞƐƚĞƌ͕ĂŶĚĂĐŽŵƉůĞdžŽĨƐŵĂůůǁĂƚĞƌ ďŽĚŝĞƐǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚĞĂƐƚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ŝŶĂŶĚĂƌŽƵŶĚ^ƉĂƌƚĂͿ͘

ƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ ZƵƌĂů ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ĂŶĚ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ ĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞϯϲйŽĨƚŚĞƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌĨŽƌƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘Ɛ ŝŶDŽŶƌŽĞĂŶĚ^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ͕ĨŽƌĞƐƚĂŶĚŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌŝƐŵŽƐƚƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚŝŶƚŚĞƐƚĞĞƉĞƐƚƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJǁŚŝĐŚŝƐƚŚĞŚŝůůƐĂŶĚďůƵīƐŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵ ŇŽŽĚƉůĂŝŶ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽ ĨŽƵŶĨ ĂůŽŶŐ ƌŝƉĂƌŝĂŶ ;ƐƚƌĞĂŵͿ ĐŽƌƌŝĚŽƌƐ͕ĞƐƉĞĐŝĂůůLJWůƵŵƌĞĞŬĂŶĚƚƌŝďƵƚĂƌŝĞƐŽĨƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ͘ ĂƌƌĞŶůĂŶĚƐĂƌĞŵŽƌĞĂƉƉĂƌĞŶƚŚĞƌĞƚŚĂŶŝŶƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐƌĞǀŝĞǁĞĚ͘ĂƌƌĞŶŽƌĞdžƉŽƐĞĚůĂŶĚƐĂƌĞŵŽƌĞ ƉƌŽůŝĮĐ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ʹ ůŝŬĞůLJ ůĂŶĚ ƚŚĂƚ ŝƐ ƐĞĂƐŽŶĂůůLJ ;ďƵƚ ƌĞŐƵůĂƌůLJͿ ŇŽŽĚĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĨƌŽŵƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌ͘

ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ DĂũŽƌ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚƐ ŝŶ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ ĂƌĞ ĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽ ƚǁŽ ƚƌĂŝůƐ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚ ʹ ŽŶĞ ŶĞĂƌ ĂůĚǁŝŶ >ĂŬĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚ͕ ĂŶĚ ŽŶĞ ŶĞĂƌ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŶŇƵĞŶĐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ĂŶĚ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ƌŝǀĞƌƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶƉĂƌƚŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘dŚĞtŽƌůĚ^ŚŽŽƟŶŐ ŽŵƉůĞdž ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐ Ă ƐƉĞĐŝĮĐ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ŶŝĐŚĞ͕ ŽƚŚĞƌ ůĂƌŐĞ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶƌĞĂĂŶĚdƵƌŬĞLJůƵīƐ;ƐƚĂƚĞůĂŶĚƐͿ͘dƌĂŝůƐ ĂƌĞ ůŝŵŝƚĞĚ͕ ďŽƚŚ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐ ĂŶĚ ĐŽƵŶƚLJͲ ǁŝĚĞĐŽŶŶĞĐƚŽƌƐ͘

tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ dŚĞǁŝĚĞƐǁĂƚŚŽĨϭϬϬLJĞĂƌŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞƚŚĞĚŽŵŝŶĂƚĞƐ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶDŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJĞdžƚĞŶĚƐƐŽƵƚŚŝŶƚŽŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘&ůŽŽĚnjŽŶĞŝƐĂůƐŽƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚĂƌŽƵŶĚ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ Ždž ƌĞĞŬͬDĂƌLJƐ ZŝǀĞƌ ;ŶĞĂƌ ^ƚĞĞůǀŝůůĞͿ͕ ĂŶĚ ŵĂŶLJ ƐŵĂůůĞƌ ƐƚƌĞĂŵƐ͘ tĞůŐĞ ƌĞĞ͕ DĂƌLJƐ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ Ždž ƌĞĞŬ͕ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ͕ ĂŶĚ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ >ĂŬĞ ĂƌĞ Ăůů ůŝƐƚĞĚ ĂƐ ŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐͬǁĂƚĞƌďŽĚŝĞƐ͘

ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞƐϱϳйŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌŝƐŵŽƐƚĂƉƉĂƌĞŶƚŝŶ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ ƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵŽĨZĂŶĚŽůƉŚŽƵŶƚLJ;ƚŚĞǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ƉĞƌŝŵĞƚĞƌ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶ ŚĂůĨ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ŽŶůLJͿ͘ ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĂůƐŽ ĞdžŝƐƚƐ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚůLJ ĂůŽŶŐ dŚĞǁĞƐƚĞƌŶŚĂůĨŽĨtĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐƐŽŵĞ ƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJĂŶĚƚŚĞŵŝĚĚůĞƐŽĨ /E/ƐŝƚĞ͘EŽƌƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶtĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJƐƉĞĐŝĮĐĂůůLJ 6 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ ŚĂƐƐĞǀĞƌĂů/E/ƐŝƚĞŝŶƚĞƌŵŝdžĞĚǁŝƚŚEĂƚƵƌĞWƌĞƐĞƌǀĞŽĨ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚƐŝnjĞ͕ƚŽĂĐƚĂƐĞĐŽĂƐƐĞƚŚƵďƐĨŽƌƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ >ĂŬĞ ŚĂƐ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ /Ŷ tĂƐŚŝŶŐ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚ ǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ƚŚĞ ůĂŶĚ͕ĂŶĂƚƵƌĞƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞ͕ĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞůLJĞŶĐůŽƐŝŶŐŝƚ͘ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌͬ ƌŽŬĞĚ ƌĞĞŬ͕ DƵĚ͕ ůŬŚŽƌŶ͕ ĂŶĚ EĂƐŚǀŝůůĞĐƌĞĞŬƐ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞ>ŝƩůĞDƵĚĚLJZŝǀĞƌ͘EĂƌƌŽǁĞƌ >ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ ϭϬϬLJĞĂƌŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞƐĞdžŝƐƚŝŶtĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ͕ǁŝƚŚ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƵƌďĂŶ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŵĂŬĞƐ ƵƉ Ă ƚŚĞ ǁŝĚĞƐƚ ƐǁĂƚŚƐ ďĞŝŶŐ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ŵĂƌŐŝŶĂů ƉĞƌĐĞŶƚĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ZŝǀĞƌͬƌŽŽŬĞĚƌĞĞŬ͕ƚŽƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚ͘ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ KŶůLJ ϯй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ϯϯϵ͕ϬϬϬ ĂĐƌĞƐ ŝƐ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ ƵƌďĂŶ Žƌ ƵƌďĂŶ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ;ĐŝƚLJ ƉĂƌŬ͍Ϳ͘ ^ŵĂůůƚŽǁŶƐŝŶtĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJŝŶĐůƵĚĞKŬĂǁǀŝůůĞ͕ ůŝŶƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ ĚĚŝĞǀŝůůĞ͕ EĂƐŚǀŝůůĞ͕ >ŝǀŝŶŐƐƚŽŶ͕ ƐŚůĞLJ͕ ĂŶĚ ƵŽŝƐ͕ ǁŝƚŚEĂƐŚǀŝůůĞďĞŝŶŐƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞƐƚĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͕ůŽĐĂƚĞĚŝŶ ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ ƚŚĞĐĞŶƚĞƌŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ ^ƚĂƚĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚƐ ĂƌĞ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂů KƉĞŶ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĂŶĚ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ĂůƐŽ ĂĐĐŽƵŶƚ ĨŽƌ ǀĞƌLJ ůŝƩůĞ ĂƐƐĞƚƐ ŽĨ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ >ĂƌŐĞ ĞdžƉĂŶƐĞƐ ŽĨ ůĂŶĚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ŽŶůLJ ϭй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƐƵƌƌŽƵŶĚŝŶŐ ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ ĂƌĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ͕ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ƚŽƚĂů͘ ^ƚƌĞĂŵƐ ĂŶĚ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ůĂŬĞ ĐŽŵƉŽƐĞ ůĚŽŶ,ĂnjůĞƚ^ƚĂƚĞWĂƌŬ͕ŶŽƌƚŚŽĨĂƌůLJůĞ͘^ŽŵĞŶĂƚƵƌĞ ƚŚĞŽƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌƉŽƌƟŽŶ͘tĞƚůĂŶĚƐĂƌĞĨŽƵŶĚĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƐ ;ƐƚĂƚĞ ƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞĚͿ ĂƌĞ ůŽĐĂƚĞĚ ƐŽƵƚŚ ŽĨ ƚŽƐƚƌĞĂŵƐƵĐŚĂƐƌŽŽŬĞĚƌĞĞŬͬƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽ ƐŽŵĞ ƐŵĂůů /E/ ƐŝƚĞƐ ŝŶ ;ƚŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶ ďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ ŽĨ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJͿ͕ ĂŶĚ ůŝŶƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJĂŶĚĂƌĂƚŚĞƌĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞ/E/͚ƐŝƚĞ͛ǁŚŝĐŚ DƵĚ ƌĞĞŬ͕ >ŽĐƵƐƚ ƌĞĞŬ͕ WĂŶƚŚĞƌ ƌĞĞŬ ĂŶĚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ĨŽůůŽǁƐƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌĂŶĚƌŽŽŬĞĚƌĞĞŬ͘ ƐŵĂůůƐƚƌĞĂŵƐŽŶƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘

>ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞŝƐƚŚĞĚĞĮŶŝŶŐůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌĨŽƌtĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘  ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚ ϳϱй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ ĚĞƐŝŐŶĂƚĞĚ ĂƐ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů͘ EĞĂƌůLJĂůůĂƌĞĂƐ;ĂƐŝĚĞĨƌŽŵƐŵĂůůƚŽǁŶƐ͕ƐƚƌĞĂŵ͕ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŝƌĨŽƌĞƐƚĞĚͬŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƌŝƉĂƌŝĂŶĂƌĞĂƐͿĂƌĞĐĂƚĞŐŽƌŝnjĞĚ ĂƐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů͘ƐƉĞĐŝĂůůLJƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚĞƌŶŚĂůĨŽĨƚŚĞƐƚĂƚĞ͕ ŝƐĂůŵŽƐƚĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞůLJĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů͘

ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƵƌďĂŶ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĂĐĐŽƵŶƚƐ ĨŽƌ ϯй ŽĨ ƚŽƚĂů ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ hƌďĂŶ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĐŽŶƐŝƐƚƐ ŽĨ ŵĂŶLJ ƐŵĂůů ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ EĞǁ ĂĚĞŶ͕ 'ĞƌŵĂŶƚŽǁŶ͕ dƌĞŶƚŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ǀŝƐƚŽŶ͘ ƌĞĞƐĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ĂƌůLJůĞ ;ƐŝƚƵĂƚĞĚ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ ƌĞƐĞƌǀŽŝƌ ŽĨƚŚĞƐĂŵĞŶĂŵĞͿĂƌĞƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞƐƚĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͘hƌďĂŶ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƚĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌϭйƚŽƚŽƚĂůĐŽƵŶƚLJůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘

,ŽǁĞǀĞƌ͕ƐŽŵĞƐŝnjĂďůĞ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ϭϬϬĂĐƌĞнͿĨŽƌĞƐƚďůŽĐŬƐ ĂůƐŽ ĞdžŝƐƚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚͬ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͕ Ϯϭй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͕ ŝƐ ŵŽƐƚĂƉƉĂƌĞŶƚĂůŽŶŐƐƚƌĞĂŵ͘,ĞĂǀŝůLJĨŽƌĞƐƚĂƌĞĂƐĞdžŝƐƚ ĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂƌŝǀĞƌƚŽƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚ͕tĞĂǀĞƌƌĞĞŬ ĂŶĚ ƌƵƐŚLJ ƌĞĞŬ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ǁĞƐƚ͕ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ >ŝƩůĞ DƵĚĚLJ ZŝǀĞƌ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚ͘ ^ŽŵĞ ůĂƌŐĞ ďůŽĐŬƐ ŽĨ ĨŽƌĞƐƚͬ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚĚŽĞdžŝƐƚŝŶĚĞƉĞŶĚĞŶƚŽĨƐƚƌĞĂŵƐĂŶĚƌŝǀĞƌƐ ĂƐǁĞůů͘

KƉĞŶ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĂŶĚ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ĐŽŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ ϰй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ DŽƐƚ ŶŽƚĂďůLJ͕ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƟŶŐŵŽƐƚŽĨƚŚĞĂĐƌĞĂŐĞƚŽƚŚĞ͚ŽƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌ͛ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĐůĂƐƐ͕ ŝƐ ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ͕ Ă ĨĞĚĞƌĂů ƌĞƐĞƌǀŽŝƌ ƵƐĞĚĨŽƌǁĂƚĞƌƐƵƉƉůLJ͕ŶĂǀŝŐĂƟŽŶ͕ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ͕ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ŇŽŽĚ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶ͘ ^ƚƌĞĂŵƐ ĐƵƚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJĂŶĚĂƐŵĂůůĞƌůĂŬĞŝƐƐŝƚƵĂƚĞĚďĞƚǁĞĞŶůďĞƌƐ ĂŶĚ 'ĞƌŵĂŶƚŽǁŶ ŝŶ ƐŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ĂƌĞ ĨŽƵŶĚ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ƚŽ ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ ǁŚŝĐŚ ŇŽǁ ŽƵƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ůĂŬĞ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ tĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶĂŵĞŶŝƟĞƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐ ĂƌĞĂůƐŽĨŽƵŶĚ^ƵŐĂƌƌĞĞŬĂŶĚĞĂǀĞƌƌĞĞŬ͘ ĂĐĐĞƐƐƚŽtĂƐŚŝŶŐƚŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ>ĂŬĞ;ƐŽƵƚŚŽĨEĂƐŚǀŝůůĞͿ ĂŶĚŽŶĞŶĂƚƵƌĞƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞ;ŝŶƚŚĞŶŽƌƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶƉŽƌƟŽŶ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞ ĚŽŵŝŶĂƚĞƐ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝŶ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ĂĐĐŽƵŶƟŶŐ ĨŽƌ ŽǀĞƌ ϳϬй ŽĨ ƚŽƚĂů ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ ŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJͿ͘ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ ĞĂƐƚ͕ ǁĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 7


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Land cover data described below, is derived from a 2000 shapefile. Using Arc GIS, selections were made to determine overall composition of the Southwestern Illinois regions, and individual counties. This data is to be used for illustrative and generalized purposes as it is not the most up-todate, highly specific information. However, it does provide a catalyst for determining county’s and the region’s composition and from there making recommendations to protect and enhance green infrastructure.

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Maps, such as the one here, of land cover was created for each of the seven counties in the HeartLands Conservancy region.

8 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Wasington County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


ƐŽƵƚŚŽĨĂƌůLJůĞ>ĂŬĞ͘ůƐŽ͕ƚŚĞǁĞƐƚĞƌŶƋƵĂƌƚĞƌŽĨƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJŝƐůĂƌŐĞůLJĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ ƌƵƌĂů ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ Ă ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚƉŽƌƟŽŶŽĨƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͕ŵĂŬŝŶŐƵƉϮϭй ŽĨ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ &ŽƌĞƐƚĞĚ ĂƌĞĂƐ ĂƌĞ ĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƚĞĚ ĂůŽŶŐ^ƵŐĂƌƌĞĞŬĂŶĚĞĂǀĞƌƌĞĞŬǁŚŝĐŚŇŽǁĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚ ƐŽƵƚŚ ŝŶƚŽ ƚŚĞ <ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂ ZŝǀĞƌ ǁŚŝĐŚ ĂůƐŽ ŚĂƐĐŽŶƐŝƐƚĞŶƚĨŽƌĞƐƚͬŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽ ƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJ͘ƌŽŽŬĞĚƌĞĞŬ͕ƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞƌŶďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ ŽĨ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ ŚĞĂǀŝůLJ ĨŽƌĞƐƚĞĚͬŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚ ŽŶďŽƚŚƐŝĚĞƐ͘^ŽŵĞůĂƌŐĞƌďůŽĐŬƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ϭϬϬĂĐƌĞƐͿŽĨ ĨŽƌĞƐƚͬŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚĂůƐŽĞdžŝƐƚĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵǁĂƚĞƌďŽĚŝĞƐ͘

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ dŚĞ ůĂƌŐĞƐƚ ƵƌďĂŶ ĂƌĞĂ ŝŶ ŽŶĚ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ 'ƌĞĞŶǀŝůůĞ͕ ƐŵĂůůĞƌŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞ͗WĐŽŚŽŶƚĂƐ͕^ŵŝƚŚďŽƌŽ͕ KůĚZŝƉůĞLJ͕^ŽƌĞŶƚŽ͕ĂŶĚDƵůďĞƌƌLJ'ƌŽǀĞ͘hƌďĂŶůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŵĂŬĞƐ ƵƉ ŽŶůLJ Ϯй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ ŽŶĚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ dŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ ŶŽƚ ůĂƌŐĞůLJ ƵƌďĂŶŝnjĞĚ͘ hƌďĂŶŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƚĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌϭйƚŽƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘

KƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌĂŶĚǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞϯйŽĨƚŚĞƚŽƚĂůůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌĨŽƌŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJ͘'ŽǀĞƌŶŽƌŽŶĚ>ĂŬĞ͕ŶŽƌƚŚŽĨ 'ƌĞĞŶǀŝůůĞ͕ŝƐƚŚĞŵŽƐƚƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚǁĂƚĞƌĨĞĂƚƵƌĞŝŶƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ĂƌůLJůĞ>ĂŬĞŝƐůŽĐĂƚĞĚƚŽƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚŽĨƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ďƵƚǀĞƌLJůŝƩůĞŽĨƚŚĞŽƉĞŶǁĂƚĞƌŽĨĂƌůLJůĞ>ĂŬĞ ĞdžŝƐƚƐ ŝŶ ŽŶĚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ŵĂŬĞ ƵƉ Ϯй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƚŽƚĂů ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ͘ tĞƚůĂŶĚ ĂƌĞ ŵŽƐƚ ƉƌĞǀĂůĞŶƚ ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ůĂŶĚƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ͕ ĂůŽŶŐ ^ŚŽĂů ƌĞĞŬ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚ ƌƵŶƐ ŶŽƌƚŚ ƚŽ ƐŽƵƚŚ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ǁŚŝĐŚƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐĨŽƌƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶĂŵŽŶŐŽƚŚĞƌƵƐĞƐ͘WƵďůŝĐ ƚŚĞǁĞƐƚĞƌŶŚĂůĨŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘ ůĂŶĚƐĂƌĞĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽƚŚĞ>ĂŬĞĂŶĚĐĂŶďĞĂĐĐĞƐƐĞĚďLJ ƚŚĞƉƵďůŝĐĨŽƌƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ůĚŽŶ,ĂnjůĞƚ^ƚĂƚĞWĂƌŬ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞŝƐƚŚĞĚŽŵŝŶĂŶƚůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌŝŶŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ĐŽǀĞƌŝŶŐϲϳйŽĨƚŚĞůĂŶĚĂƌĞĂ͘KƚŚĞƌƚŚĂŶƚŚĞŵĂũŽƌ ĂŶĚh^ĐĂŵƉŐƌŽƵŶĚƐ͕ƐǁŝŵŵŝŶŐĂƌĞĂƐ͕ĞƚĐ͘Ϳ ǁĂƚĞƌĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐ;ŽŶĚ>ĂŬĞĂŶĚ^ŚŽĂůƌĞĞŬͿĂŶĚƚŚĞŝƌ ĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐ ĂŶĚ ĨŽƌĞƐƚĞĚ ƌŝƉĂƌŝĂŶ ĂƌĞĂƐ͕ tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ ůĂƌŐĞůLJ ĂŶ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ŽŶĞ͘ ŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ǀĞƌLJǁŝĚĞƐǁĂƚŚŽĨϭϬϬLJĞĂƌŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞĚŽŵŝŶĂƚĞƐ ĞdžƉĂŶƐĞƐ ĂƌĞ ŝŶƚĞƌƐƉĞƌƐĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚͬĨŽƌĞƐƚ ƚŚĞ ǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ ŚĂůĨ ŽĨ ůŝŶƚŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ďƵīĞƌŝŶŐ ^ŚŽĂů ;ƉƌŽďĂďůLJ͞ĞĚŐĞƚLJƉĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚŽĐĐƵƌƌŝŶŐǁŚĞƌĞĂĚũŽŝŶŝŶŐ ƌĞĞŬ͕ĂŶĚĞǀĞŶŵŽƌĞĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞůLJ͕ƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ͘ ůĂŶĚŽǁŶĞƌƐ ŵĞĞƚͿ ĂŶĚ ƐŵĂůů ƵƌďĂŶ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ dŚĞ ŶŽƌƚŚĞĂƐƚĞƌŶ ĐŽƌŶĞƌ ĂůƐŽ ŚĂƐ ǁŝĚĞ ʹĂůďĞŝƚ ƐŵĂůů ;ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂůĂƌĞĂƐǁŚĞƌĞĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůƉĞƌƐŽŶŶĞůůŝǀĞͿ͘ ĞdžƚĞŶƚͲϭϬϬLJĞĂƌŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞǁŚĞƌĞƚƌŝďƵƚĂƌŝĞƐŵĞĞƚƚŚĞ ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ ƌĞƐĞƌǀŽŝƌ͘ /ŵƉĂŝƌĞĚ ǁĂƚĞƌ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐ ^ŚŽĂů ZƵƌĂů ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐ ĂŶĚ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ ĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞ Ϯϳй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƌĞĞŬ͕ƚŚĞ<ĂƐŬĂƐŬŝĂZŝǀĞƌ͕ƌŽŽŬĞĚƌĞĞŬ͕ĂŶĚĂƌůLJůĞ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽǀĞƌ ŝŶ ŽŶĚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ DƵĐŚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ >ĂŬĞ͘ ^ŵĂůůĞƌ ŇŽŽĚ njŽŶĞƐ ĂƌĞ ĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ^ƵŐĂƌ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƐĂƌĞƐŝƚƵĂƚĞĚĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƚŽƐƚƌĞĂŵĂŶĚůĂŬĞƐ͘ ƌĞĞŬ͕ WƌĂŝƌŝĞ ƌĞĞŬ͕ ĂŶĚ >ŽƐƚ ƌĞĞŬ ǁŚŝĐŚ ĂƌĞ ĂůƐŽ >ĂƌŐĞĨŽƌĞƐƚĞĚͬŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƚƌĂĐƚƐĞdžŝƐƚŝŶƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƚŽ Ăůů ĚĞƐŝŐŶĂƚĞĚ ĂƐ ŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚ ǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐ ʹ ĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƟŶŐ ƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌďŽĚŝĞƐŽĨŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐĂŶĞĐĞƐƐĂƌLJ ƚŽƚŚĞŝŵƉƌĞƐƐŝŽŶƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŵĂũŽƌŝƚLJŽĨǁĂƚĞƌǁĂLJƐĂƌĞ ďƵīĞƌĨƌŽŵĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚĐŽǀĞƌ͘ ŝŵƉĂŝƌĞĚ͘

ZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ

ŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJ ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐƐĞƚƐ

ĂƌůLJůĞ >ĂŬĞ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐ ƐŽŵĞ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ĂŵĞŶŝƟĞƐ ĨŽƌ ŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ<ĞLJĞƐƉŽƌƚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐĂŵĂƌŝŶĂ ĨŽƌůĂŬĞĂĐĐĞƐƐ͘

ĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůĂƐƐĞƚƐŝŶŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJĂƌĞŵŽƐƚƉƌŽŵŝŶĞŶƚ tĂƚĞƌZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ŝŶ ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŵĂũŽƌ ǁĂƚĞƌ ďŽĚŝĞƐ ŽĨ ŽŶĚ ϭϬϬLJĞĂƌŇŽŽĚnjŽŶĞĞdžŝƐƚƐĂƌŽƵŶĚ^ŚŽĂůƌĞĞŬĂŶĚĂƐƚ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘^ƚĂƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚůĂŶĚƐďƵīĞƌĂƌůLJůĞ>ĂŬĞŝŶƚŚĞ ^ŚŽĂůƌĞĞŬŝŶƚŚĞĐĞŶƚĞƌƉĂƌƚŽĨŽŶĚŽƵŶƚLJ͘ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͛ƐƐŽƵƚŚĞĂƐƚĞƌŶĐŽƌŶĞƌ͘ĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůůĂŶĚƐĂƌŽƵŶĚ 'ŽǀĞƌŶŽƌ ŽŶĚ >ĂŬĞ ĂůƐŽ ĞdžŝƐƚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐĞŶƚĞƌ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͘

>ĂŶĚŽǀĞƌ October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 9


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

džŝƐƟŶŐdŚƌĞĂƚƐ

džŝƐƟŶŐ ƚŚƌĞĂƚƐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŐƌĞĞŶ ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ ŽĨ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ͕ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ͕ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͕ ƉŽůůƵƟŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ƵŶƉůĂŶŶĞĚ ;͍Ϳ ŐƌŽǁƚŚ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ƚŚƌĞĂƚƐ ĐŽŶĐĞƌŶ ƚŚĞ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ǁŚĂƚ ŐƌĞĞŶ ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƌĞŵĂŝŶƐĂŶĚĂůƐŽĐƌĞĂƚĞďŝŐŐĞƌŝƐƐƵĞƐŝŶ ƌĞƐƚƌŝŶŐŐƌĞĞŶŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂůĂĐŬ͘

&ƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ &ƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ ŽĐĐƵƌƐ ǁŚĞŶ ƵƌďĂŶ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ͕ ƌŽĂĚǁĂLJƐ͕ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ůĂŶĚ ƵƐĞ͕ Žƌ ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂů ĚǁĞůůŝŶŐ;ƐͿďŝƐĞĐƚƚŚĞůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞ͕ďƌĞĂŬŝŶŐĂƉĂƌƚůĂƌŐĞ ĐŽŶƟŐƵŽƵƐ ďůŽĐŬƐ ŽĨ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ͕ ƉƌĂŝƌŝĞ Žƌ ŽƚŚĞƌ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ƐƉĂĐĞ;ŚĂďŝƚĂƚͿ͘DƵĐŚůŝŬĞĂďƌŽŬĞŶŵŝƌƌŽƌ͕ĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚƐ ŽĨĂůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞĐĂŶďĞŽĨǀĂƌŝŽƵƐƐŚĂƉĞĂŶĚƐŝnjĞ͕ĂůůŚĂǀĞ ĂĚŝƐƟŶĐƚĞĚŐĞ͕ĂŶĚŝƚǁŽƵůĚďĞĚŝĸĐƵůƚƚŽĨƵƐĞĂůůƚŚĞ ĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚƐŝŶƚŽĂĐŽŚĞƐŝǀĞǁŚŽůĞĂŐĂŝŶ͘&ƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ ŝƐŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚƚŽŶŽƚĞĨŽƌǀĂƌŝŽƵƐƌĞĂƐŽŶƐƐƵĐŚĂƐ͗ ͻ ŽŶƟŶƵŝƚLJŽĨĐŽŵƉůĞdžĨŽŽĚǁĞďƐƚŚĂƚĂƌĞďƌŽŬĞŶ ĂƉĂƌƚďLJĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ ͻ WƌŽǀŝƐŝŽŶŽĨŵƵůƟƉůĞŵŝĐƌŽͲŚĂďŝƚĂƚƐƚŚĂƚĂƐŝŶŐƵůĂƌ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ŵĂLJ ƵƐĞ ŝŶ ǀĂƌŝŽƵƐ ƐƚĂŐĞƐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ŝƚƐ ůŝĨĞƟŵĞŝƐĚĞĐƌĞĂƐĞĚ ͻ dƌĂǀĞůĐŽƌƌŝĚŽƌƐĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚǁŝƚŚůĂƌŐĞƌƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ;ŝ͘Ğ͕͘ ďŝƌĚƐŽĨƉƌĞLJ͕ǁŚŝƚĞͲƚĂŝůĞĚĚĞĞƌ͕ĞƚĐ͘ͿĂƌĞŽŌĞŶĐƵƚ ŽīŽƌĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞůLJƉĂǀĞĚŽǀĞƌ ͻ dŚĞ ŝŶƚĞƌĨĂĐĞ ďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ ĂŶĚ ŚƵŵĂŶƐ ďĞĐŽŵĞƐŵƵĐŚĐůŽƐĞƌ ͻ EĞŐĂƟǀĞŝŵƉĂĐƚƐŽĨ͞ĞĚŐĞ͟ŚĂďŝƚĂƚŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ͗ ͻ /ŶĐƌĞĂƐĞĚŵŽƚŽƌǀĞŚŝĐůĞƐĂĐĐŝĚĞŶƚƐǁŝƚŚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ ͻ /ŶĐƌĞĂƐĞĚŶŽŶͲŶĂƟǀĞƐƉĞĐŝĞƐŝŶƚƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶ;ŶŽŶ ŶĂƟǀĞ͕ ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ŽŌĞŶ ƚŚƌŝǀĞ ŝŶ ĞĚŐĞ ŚĂďŝƚĂƚǁŚĞƌĞƐƵŶůŝŐŚƚŝƐŵŽƌĞƉůĞŶƟĨƵůͿ ͻ >ŽƐƐ ŽĨ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ŶĞĞĚ ͞ŝŶƚĞƌŝŽƌ͟ ŚĂďŝƚĂƚ ĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ůĞƐƐƐƵŶůŝŐŚƚ͕ŵŽƌĞǀĂƌŝĞĚ ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͕ůĞƐƐŝŶƚĞƌĂĐƟŽŶǁŝƚŚĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚůĂŶĚ ƵƐĞƐ ʹ ŽŌĞŶ ŶĂƟǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĂƌĞ ƌĂƌĞ Žƌ ƐĞŶƐŝƟǀĞͿ ƐŝĚĞ ĨƌŽŵ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂů ĐŽŶĐĞƌŶƐ͕ ŚƵŵĂŶƐ ĂůƐŽ ůŽƐĞ ŵĂŶLJ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĂĞƐƚŚĞƟĐ ĂŶĚ ƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶĂů ďĞŶĞĮƚƐ ƚŚĂƚ ƵŶͲĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĞĚ ĞdžƉĂŶƐĞƐ ŽĨ ŽƉĞŶ ƐƉĂĐĞ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ͘ tŚŝůĞ ĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ ŵĂLJ ƐŝƚƵĂƚĞ ƚŚĞŝƌ ŚŽŵĞ͕ ŽĸĐĞ͕ ŽƌŵŽƌŶŝŶŐĚƌŝǀĞĂůŽŶŐĂďĞĂƵƟĨƵůǁŽŽĚĞĚĂƌĞĂ͕ƚŚĞ ĐŽŶƐĞƋƵĞŶĐĞƐĂƌĞŽŌĞŶŶŽƚŝĚĞĂů͘/ŶĐƌĞĂƐĞĚĐŽůůŝƐŝŽŶƐ ǁŝƚŚ ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ͕ ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƚƌĂƐŚ Žƌ ĚƵŵƉƐƚĞƌƐ Ăƚ ŚŽŵĞ Žƌ ǁŽƌŬ͕ ĂŶĚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ͞ŶƵŝƐĂŶĐĞ͟ ĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐ ŽĨ ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ ƚŚĂƚ ĂƌĞ ĂĐƚƵĂůůLJ ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚ ĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐ ŽĨ ŶĂƚƵƌĂůůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ŵŽůĞƐďƵƌƌŽǁŝŶŐĂĐƌŽƐƐůĂǁƐ͕ 10 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐŽĨƐƟŶŐŝŶŐŝŶƐĞĐƚƐ͕ĞƚĐ͘Ϳ 

/ŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ^ƉĞĐŝĞƐ Ɛ ĚŝƐĐƵƐƐĞĚ ĂďŽǀĞ͕ ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ŽŌĞŶ ŐŽ ŚĂŶĚͲ ŝŶͲŚĂŶĚ ǁŝƚŚ ĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ͘ DĂŶLJ ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ƚŚƌŝǀĞ ŝŶ ĂƌĞĂƐ ǁŚĞƌĞ ƉůĞŶƟĨƵů ƐƵŶůŝŐŚƚ ĂůůŽǁƐ ĨŽƌ ƌĂƉŝĚ͕ƵŶďƌŝĚůĞĚŐƌŽǁƚŚ͘dŚĞƐƉĂĐĞƐĂŶĚĞĚŐĞƐĨŽƌŵĞĚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ũƵƐƚ ƚŚŽƐĞ ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ ĨŽƌŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͘/ŶĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕ƚŚĞŵĂƚĞƌŝĂůƐ͕ƚƌĂĸĐ͕ ĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌƐƵƉƉůŝĞƐƚŚĂƚĨƌĂŐŵĞŶƚƚŚĞůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞŽŌĞŶ ďƌŝŶŐ ŝŶ ŶŽŶͲŶĂƟǀĞ ;ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞͿ ƐĞĞĚ ƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͘ /Ŷ ĞīĞĐƚ͕ ǁĞ ĂƌĞ ĐƌĞĂƟŶŐ ŝĚĞĂů ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ ĨŽƌ ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŶ ďƌŝŶŐŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ŝŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ ƐĞĞĚƐ ;ŽŶ ůƵŵďĞƌ͕ ŽŶ ƟƌĞƐ͕ĞǀĞŶŽŶŽƵƌƐŚŽĞƐͿƚŽƚŚĞƐĞŝĚĞĂůĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ͘ /ŶǀĂƐŝǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ĂƌĞ ŽĨ ĐŽŶĐĞƌŶ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ƚŚĞLJ ƋƵŝĐŬůLJ ƚĂŬĞ ;ƐŚĂůůŽǁͿ ƌŽŽƚ ĂŶĚ ĐĂŶ ƉŽƉƵůĂƚĞ ĂŶ ĂƌĞĂ ŝŶ ŽŶĞ ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐ ƐĞĂƐŽŶ ǁŚĂƚ ǁŽƵůĚ ƚĂŬĞ ŶĂƟǀĞ ƉůĂŶƚƐ Ă ĚĞĐĂĚĞŽƌƚǁŽƚŽƉŽƉƵůĂƚĞ͘/ŶǀĂƐŝǀĞƐƉĞĐŝĞƐǁŝůůŐƌŽǁ ŝŶƚŽ ŵŽŶŽͲĐƵůƚƵƌĞƐ͕ ĚŽŵŝŶĂƟŶŐ ƚŚĞ ůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞ ĂŶĚ ƐĞǀĞƌĞůLJ ůŝŵŝƟŶŐ ƚŚĞ ŐƌŽǁƚŚ ŽĨ ĂŶLJ ŽƚŚĞƌ ǀĞŐĞƚĂƟŽŶ͘ >ŽƐƐ ŽĨ ŶĂƟǀĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚ ĂƌĞ ĚĞĞƉ ƌŽŽƟŶŐ ĂŶĚ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂů ǀĂůƵĞƐ͕ ĞƋƵĂƚĞƐ ƚŽ Ă ůŽƐƐ ŝŶ ĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƐĞƌǀŝĐĞƐƚŽƚŚĞƐƵƌƌŽƵŶĚŝŶŐƌĞŐŝŽŶ͘

WŽůůƵƟŽŶ WŽůůƵƟŽŶĐĂŶďĞďƌŽĂĚůLJĐĂƚĞŐŽƌŝnjĞĚŝŶƚŽƚǁŽŐƌŽƵƉƐ͗ Ăŝƌ ƉŽůůƵƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ǁĂƚĞƌ ƉŽůůƵƟŽŶ ;ĂůƚŚŽƵŐŚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ʹ ĂŶĚŵŽƌĞƐƉĞĐŝĮĐͶƚLJƉĞƐĞdžŝƐƚͿ͘ŝƌƉŽůůƵƟŽŶƉůĂŐƵĞƐ ŵƵĐŚ ŽĨ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ ĂƐ ŝƚ ƌĞĐĞŝǀĞƐ ĞĂƐƚĞƌůLJ ǁŝŶĚƐ͕ĂŶĚƉŽůůƵƟŽŶ͕ĨƌŽŵƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞůLJƵƌďĂŶŝnjĞĚĂŶĚͬ Žƌ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂůŝnjĞĚ ƉŽƌƟŽŶƐ ŽĨ ^ƚ͘ >ŽƵŝƐ ĂŶĚ ĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ͘/ŶĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͛ŽǁŶƵƌďĂŶ ĂŶĚŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂůĂƌĞĂƐĂƌĞĂůƐŽĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƟŶŐƚŽĚĞĐƌĞĂƐĞĚ ĂŝƌƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͘tĂƚĞƌƉŽůůƵƟŽŶŝŶ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ůŝŬĞ ŵƵĐŚŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ͕ŝƐŶŽǁĐŽŵƉƌŝƐĞĚŵŽƐƚůLJŽŶŶŽŶ ƉŽŝŶƚƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͘dŚĞh^WĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌĨĞĚĞƌĂůĂŶĚƐƚĂƚĞ ĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐƉƵƐŚĞĚĨŽƌŝĚĞŶƟĮĐĂƟŽŶĂŶĚĐŽŶƚƌŽůŽĨƉŽŝŶƚ ƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ƐƚƌĂƚĞŐŝĐĂůůLJ͕ ĂŶĚ ǁŝƚŚ ƐƵĐĐĞƐƐ͕ ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ůĞĂŶŝƌĂŶĚůĞĂŶtĂƚĞƌĐƚƐ͘EŽǁƚŚĞƌĞŐŝŽŶ;ĂƐƚŚĞ ƌĞƐƚŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚƌLJͿŝƐůĞŌƚŽŐƌĂƉƉůĞǁŝƚŚƉƌŽďůĞŵŽĨ ƚƌĞĂƟŶŐƵŶŝĚĞŶƟĮĂďůĞŶŽŶƉŽŝŶƚƐŽƵƌĐĞƐŽĨƉŽůůƵƟŽŶ͘

'ƌŽǁƚŚ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐŝƐĂŐƌŽǁŝŶŐĂƌĞĂ͘ƐƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶƐ ŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞ͕ ƐŽ ĚŽ ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂů ĂƌĞĂƐ ĂŶĚ ďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚƐ͘ dŚĞ ͞DĞƚƌŽ ĂƐƚ͟ ĂƌĞĂ ŝƐ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ ƚŚĞƐĞĐŽŶĚůĂƌŐĞƐƚĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƟŽŶŝŶƚŚĞ^ƚĂƚĞŽĨ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Data used to illustrate recreation amenities, includes East-West Gateway Open Space, a trails shapefile that has been maintained for years by HeartLands Conservancy, publically accesible lands, and county, township, and/or municpal parks and trails, where data was available to diplay these items.

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Maps, such as the one here, of recretion features was created for each of the seven counties in the HeartLands Conservancy region.

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 11

Madison County Recreation Assets


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ ĂŌĞƌƚŚĞŚŝĐĂŐŽŵĞƚƌŽĂƌĞĂ͘ &ƌŽŵƚŚĞ^ƚ͘>ŽƵŝƐWŽƐƚͲŝƐƉĂƚĐŚ͗ “The Metro East has grown steadily over the past decade, ǁŝƚŚ ŵŽƌĞ ƉĞŽƉůĞ ůŝǀŝŶŐ ŝŶ ƐĞǀĞŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĞŝŐŚƚ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ ƚŚĂŶ in 2000. Monroe County, with just under 33,000 people, is one of the fastest-growing areas in the state, on pace with several collar ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐŽĨŚŝĐĂŐŽ͕ǁŚŝĐŚƌĞŵĂŝŶƐďLJĨĂƌƚŚĞůĂƌŐĞƐƚĐŝƚLJŝŶ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘ƵƚŝƚŚĂƐƐŚƌƵŶŬďLJŶĞĂƌůLJϳƉĞƌĐĞŶƚ͘ dŚĞĞŶƐƵƐƵƌĞĂƵƌĞůĞĂƐĞĚŽŶdƵĞƐĚĂLJĚĞƚĂŝůĞĚƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ ŶƵŵďĞƌƐ ĨŽƌ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ ĂůŽŶŐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚƌĞĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ ƐƚĂƚĞƐ͘ ^Ž ĨĂƌ͕ ĮŐƵƌĞƐĨŽƌϭϮƐƚĂƚĞƐŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƌĞůĞĂƐĞĚƐŝŶĐĞƚŚĞďĞŐŝŶŶŝŶŐ of the month. The Census Bureau has not given an exact date ĨŽƌ DŝƐƐŽƵƌŝ͛Ɛ ĚĂƚĂ͘ LJ ůĂǁ͕ Ăůů ƐƚĂƚĞ ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ ŶƵŵďĞƌƐ ĚŽǁŶƚŽĐŝƚLJďůŽĐŬƐŵƵƐƚďĞƌĞůĞĂƐĞĚďLJƚŚĞĞŶĚŽĨDĂƌĐŚ͕ĂƐ states grapple with redrawing congressional districts. /Ŷ ĞĐĞŵďĞƌ͕ ƚŚĞ ĞŶƐƵƐ ƵƌĞĂƵ ƌĞůĞĂƐĞĚ ƐƚĂƚĞͲůĞǀĞů ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŶƵŵďĞƌƐ͕ǁŚŝĐŚƐŚŽǁĞĚŐĂŝŶƐŝŶďŽƚŚ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐĂŶĚ DŝƐƐŽƵƌŝ ƐŝŶĐĞ ϮϬϬϬ͕ ďƵƚ Ăƚ Ă ŵƵĐŚ ƐůŽǁĞƌ ƌĂƚĞ ƚŚĂŶ ŵĂŶLJ ƐƚĂƚĞƐŝŶƚŚĞ^ŽƵƚŚĂŶĚƚŚĞtĞƐƚ͘ƐĂƌĞƐƵůƚ͕ďŽƚŚƐƚĂƚĞƐůŽƐƚ a congressional seat. ĂƐĞĚ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ĐĞŶƐƵƐ ŶƵŵďĞƌƐ ƌĞůĞĂƐĞĚ dƵĞƐĚĂLJ͕ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ĂŶĚ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ ƌĞŵĂŝŶ ĂŵŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ ϭϬ ůĂƌŐĞƐƚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƐƚĂƚĞ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞLJƐǁĂƉƉĞĚƉŽƐŝƟŽŶƐĨƌŽŵϭϬLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͘^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŝƐ ƌĂŶŬĞĚ ĞŝŐŚƚŚ ǁŝƚŚ ϮϳϬ͕Ϭϱϲ ƉĞŽƉůĞ Ͷ ϳϳϰ ŵŽƌĞ residents than Madison County, at ninth. ͞ŌĞƌĂ ĚĞĐĂĚĞ ƐůƵŵƉ͕ /͛ŵ ǀĞƌLJ ŚĂƉƉLJ ǁĞ͛ƌĞƐŚŽǁŝŶŐ ƐŽŵĞ ŐƌŽǁƚŚ͕͟ ƐĂŝĚ dĞƌƌLJ ĞĂĐŚ͕ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ͛Ɛ ĞĐŽŶŽŵŝĐ development director. Despite the Metro East’s size, it has none of the 20 largest ĐŝƟĞƐŝŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘dŚĞůĂƌŐĞƐƚ͕ĞůůĞǀŝůůĞ͕ƐƚĂŶĚƐĂƚϰϰ͕ϰϳϴ͘ dŚĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ DĞƚƌŽ ĂƐƚ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ŐƌĞǁ ŽǀĞƌ ƚŚĞ ĚĞĐĂĚĞ include Bond, Calhoun, Clinton and Jersey. Only Macoupin ŽƵŶƚLJ ĚƌŽƉƉĞĚ ŝŶ ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ͘͟ ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ƐƚůƚŽĚĂLJ͘ ĐŽŵͬŶĞǁƐͬůŽĐĂůͬŝůůŝŶŽŝƐͬŵĞƚƌŽͲĞĂƐƚͲĞŶũŽLJƐͲĐĞŶƐƵƐͲƐƵƌŐĞͬ ĂƌƟĐůĞͺϮϳϱĞϯϵϭĨͲϴĐϰϵͲϱϴϴϯͲϵϲϳϳͲϴϳĂϰϰϴϵϵϯϭϳϬ͘Śƚŵů

12 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Water resources help us to understand the interconnectedness of our region. Watersheds are demarcated by yellow lines, streams in blue, and impaired waterways (low water quality) in red. These maps illustrate that water resources (and the subsequent benefits and challenges of water bodies) are shared among numerous munipalities, counties, even states. Wetlands areas are also shaded, illustrating the potential for wetland conservation or restoration throughout the region.

Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Maps, such as the one here, of hydrologic components was created for each of the seven counties in the HeartLands Conservancy region.

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 13

Monore County Water Resources


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Prime Farmland is land which has the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics for the production of crops. It has the soil quality, growing season, and moisture supply needed to produce sustained high yields of crops when treated and managed, including water management, according to current farming methods. Prime Farmland must have been used for the production of irrigated crops at some time during the two update cycles prior to the mapping date. It does not include publicly owned lands for which there is an adopted policy preventing agricultural use.

WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Maps, such as the one here, of prime farmland was created for each of the seven counties in the HeartLands Conservancy region.

14 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Clinton County Working Lands


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

džŝƐƟŶŐWůĂŶƐĂŶĚ /ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ

dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞĂŶƵŵďĞƌŽĨĞdžŝƐƟŶŐƉůĂŶĂŶĚŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐŝŶ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ƚŚĂƚ ďŽƚŚ ǁŝůů ďŽƚŚ ŚĞůƉ ŐƵŝĚĞ ĂŶĚĐŽŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĞǀŝƐŝŽŶƐĞƚĨŽƌƚŚďLJƚŚĞ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐ ŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJ 'ƌĞĞŶ /ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ WůĂŶ ;ďƌĂŶĚŝŶŐ͍Ϳ͘ KƚŚĞƌ ůĂŶĚ ƚƌƵƐƚ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ dŚĞ EĂƚƵƌĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ͕'ƌĞĂƚZŝǀĞƌƐ>ĂŶĚdƌƵƐƚĂŶĚůŝŏŽƉůůŝĂŶĐĞ ĂƌĞ ǁŽƌŬŝŶŐ ƚŽ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĞ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚ ŽƉĞŶ ƐƉĂĐĞƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞƌĞŐŝŽŶ͘/ŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂů ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘DĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ ^ƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďŝůŝƚLJ WůĂŶ͕ ZĂŶĚŽůƉŚ ŽƵŶƚLJ ;͍Ϳ͕ ĂŶĚ ^ƚ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŽŵƉƌĞŚĞŶƐŝǀĞ WůĂŶͿ ĂůƐŽ ŚĞůƉ ƚŽ ƐŚĂƉĞ ƚŚĞ ŽǀĞƌĂůůǀŝƐŝŽŶŽĨĐŽŶŶĞĐƟǀŝƚLJĂŶĚƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďŝůŝƚLJǁŝƚŚŝŶ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘

ďŽĂƌĚŽĨĚŝƌĞĐƚŽƌƐĂŶĚŶƵŵĞƌŽƵƐƐƚĂīŵĞŵďĞƌƐ͘ The mission of Great Rivers Land Trust is to promote the ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĂŶĚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŽĨŶĂƚƵƌĂůƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐƉƌŝŶĐŝƉĂůůLJ ŝŶ͕ďƵƚŶŽƚůŝŵŝƚĞĚƚŽ͕ƚŚĞǁĂƚĞƌƐŚĞĚŽĨƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ďĞŶĞĮƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŐĞŶĞƌĂů ƉƵďůŝĐ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ƐŚĂůů ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ͗ůĂŶĚĂŶĚǁĂƚĞƌƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͕ƚŚĞƉůĂŶƚĂŶĚĂŶŝŵĂůůŝĨĞ thereon, and the area’s unique scenic, natural, and historic sites.”

dŚĞ'ƌĞĂƚZŝǀĞƌƐ>ĂŶĚdƌƵƐƚŝƐŽǀĞƌƐĞĞŶďLJĂŽĂƌĚŽĨ ŝƌĞĐƚŽƌƐ͘dŚĞŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶĂůƐŽƉĂƌƚŶĞƌƐǁŝƚŚŵƵůƟƉůĞ ĞŶƟƟĞƐ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ƉƌŝǀĂƚĞ ĐŝƟnjĞŶƐ ĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚ ŽǁŶĞƌƐ͕ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ EĂƚƵƌĂů ZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͕ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂů WƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶ ŐĞŶĐLJ͕ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐͲŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ tĂƚĞƌ ŽŵƉĂŶLJ͕ ĂŶĚ ŵĂŶLJ ŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘ WƌŽũĞĐƚƐ ďLJ ƚŚĞ 'ƌĞĂƚZŝǀĞƌƐ>ĂŶĚdƌƵƐƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƌĞƐƚŽƌŝŶŐŚŝƐƚŽƌŝĐŚŽŵĞ ƐŝƚĞ͕ ĂůůŽǁŝŶŐ ƉƵďůŝĐ ĂĐĐĞƐƐ ƚŽ ŽƉĞŶ ƐƉĂĐĞ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƚŚĞ ĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƉĂƌŬƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ĐƌĞĂƟŶŐ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƐ ĨŽƌ ĞŶĚĂŶŐĞƌĞĚƐƉĞĐŝĞƐĂŶĚƵŶŝƋƵĞŐĞŽůŽŐŝĐĂů;ŝ͘Ğ͕͘ďůƵīͿ 'ƌĞĂƚZŝǀĞƌƐ>ĂŶĚdƌƵƐƚ dŚĞ 'ƌĞĂƚ ZŝǀĞƌƐ >ĂŶĚ dƌƵƐƚ ŝƐ Ă ůĂŶĚ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͘ ŶŽŶƉƌŽĮƚ͕ǁŝƚŚĂŶŽĸĐĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚŝŶůƚŽŶ͕/>;DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJͿ͘ dŚĞ 'ƌĞĂƚ ZŝǀĞƌƐ >ĂŶĚ dƌƵƐƚ ǁŽƌŬƐ ŝŶ ďŽƚŚ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐĂŶĚDŝƐƐŽƵƌŝǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŐŽĂůŽĨĐŽŶƐĞƌǀŝŶŐůĂŶĚ dŚĞEĂƚƵƌĞ/ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ ĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ͕/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ĂŶĚDŝƐƐŽƵƌŝƌŝǀĞƌƐ͘dŚĞLJ dŚĞ EĂƚƵƌĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ͕ ƐŝƚƵĂƚĞĚ ũƵƐƚ ŶŽƌƚŚ ŽĨ ůƚŽŶ͕ ŝŶ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĞůĂŶĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚůĂŶĚĚŽŶĂƟŽŶ͕ďĂƌŐĂŝŶƐĂůĞ͕ĂŶĚ 'ŽĚĨƌĞLJ͕/ůůŝŶŽŝƐŚĂƐĂŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ͞ƚŽĨŽƐƚĞƌĂŶĂǁĂƌĞŶĞƐƐ ĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐ͘ ĂŶĚ ĂƉƉƌĞĐŝĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ǁŽƌůĚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ͕ƌĞƐƚŽƌĂƟŽŶ͕ĂŶĚĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ͘͟ &ƌŽŵƚŚĞŝƌǁĞďƐŝƚĞ͗ &ƌŽŵƚŚĞŝƌǁĞďƐŝƚĞ͗ “Great Rivers Land Trust (GRLT) is dedicated to the ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ĞŶŚĂŶĐĞŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ^ƚ͘ >ŽƵŝƐ DĞƚƌŽƉŽůŝƚĂŶ ZĞŐŝŽŶ͘ KƵƌ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚƐ ŽǀĞƌϯ͕ϬϬϬĂĐƌĞƐŽĨŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĂŶĚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ŽǁŶĞƌƐŚŝƉ Žƌ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐ͘ 'Z>d ŝƐ ŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚ ŝŶ Ă ǀĂƌŝĞƚLJ ŽĨ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚ ĞŶŚĂŶĐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ƌĞĨŽƌĞƐƚĂƟŽŶ ƉƌŽũĞĐƚƐ͕ ƌŝƉĂƌŝĂŶ ďƵīĞƌƐ͕ ƉĂƌŬ ĚĞƐŝŐŶͬĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚĂŶĚŚŝƐƚŽƌŝĐƐŝƚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶ͘KŶĞŽĨƚŚĞ ůĂŶĚ ƚƌƵƐƚ͛Ɛ ĐĞŶƚƌĂů ŐŽĂůƐ ŝƐ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŶŐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ and the land of its watershed. ŵĞƌŝĐĂ͛Ɛ ŐƌĞĂƚ ƌŝǀĞƌƐ͕ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ͕ ƚŚĞ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŽƵƌŝ͕ ŵĞĞƚ ŝŶ Ă ďƌŽĂĚ ŇŽŽĚƉůĂŝŶ ďŽƌĚĞƌĞĚ ďLJ ŵĂũĞƐƟĐ ϭϱϬ ĨŽŽƚ ůŝŵĞƐƚŽŶĞ ďůƵīƐ ʹ ŐĞŽůŽŐLJ ƚŚĂƚ ĚĂƚĞƐ ďĂĐŬ ŵŽƌĞ ƚŚĂŶ ϮϱϬ ŵŝůůŝŽŶ LJĞĂƌƐ͘ dŚĞ DĞĞƟŶŐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ 'ƌĞĂƚ ZŝǀĞƌƐ EĂƟŽŶĂů ^ĐĞŶŝĐ LJǁĂLJ͕ ůŽĐĂůůLJ ŬŶŽǁŶ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ 'ƌĞĂƚ ZŝǀĞƌ ZŽĂĚ͕ ƚƌĂǀĞƌƐĞƐ ĨŽƌ ϭϱ ŵŝůĞƐ ďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ďůƵīƐ ĨƌŽŵ ůƚŽŶ͕ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ƚŽ 'ƌĂŌŽŶ͕ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘ dŚĞ ƌŽƵƚĞ ŝƐ ůƵƐŚ ǁŝƚŚ ĨŽƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ ƉƌĂŝƌŝĞ ĂƩƌĂĐƟŶŐ ƌĂƌĞ ƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ ƐƵĐŚĂƐƚŚĞĂůĚĞĂŐůĞ͕ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶǁŚŝƚĞƉĞůŝĐĂŶĂŶĚĂǀĂƌŝĞƚLJ ŽĨŽƚŚĞƌŵŝŐƌĂƚŽƌLJďŝƌĚƐ͘dŚŝƐƐĞĐƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞƌŝǀĞƌƌƵŶƐĞĂƐƚƚŽ ǁĞƐƚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƚƌĞĞůŝŶĞƐŽĨDŝƐƐŽƵƌŝƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐĂŵĂŐŶŝĮĐĞŶƚ landscape for sunrise and sunset. Residents and tourists ƌĞǀĞƌĞƚŚĞƐƉůĞŶĚŽƌďLJĐĂƌ͕ŵŽƚŽƌĐLJĐůĞ͕ďŝĐLJĐůĞŽƌďŽĂƚ͘'Z>d ǁĂƐĨŽƌŵĞĚŝŶϭϵϵϮƚŽƉƌŽƚĞĐƚƚŚĞůĂŶĚƐĂůŽŶŐƚŚŝƐďĞĂƵƟĨƵů ƐƚƌĞƚĐŚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ĂŶĚ ŝƐ ŽƉĞƌĂƚĞĚ ďLJ Ă ϭϯͲŵĞŵďĞƌ October, 2013

͞dŚĞEĂƚƵƌĞ/ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ;dE/ͿŝƐĂŶŽŶͲƉƌŽĮƚůĂŶĚĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂůĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶďĂƐĞĚŝŶ'ŽĚĨƌĞLJ͕ />͘^ŝŶĐĞŝƚƐĨŽƵŶĚŝŶŐŝŶϭϵϴϬ͕dŚĞEĂƚƵƌĞ/ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ͛ƐďŽĂƌĚĂŶĚ ƐƚĂī ŚĂǀĞ ǁŽƌŬĞĚ ƚŽ ĨŽƐƚĞƌ ĂŶ ĂǁĂƌĞŶĞƐƐ ĂŶĚ ĂƉƉƌĞĐŝĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ǁŽƌůĚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ͕ ƌĞƐƚŽƌĂƟŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ͘ ĂĐŚ ƐƵŵŵĞƌ dE/ ŚŽƐƚƐ Ă ƉƌĞŵŝĞƌ ĐĂŵƉ ĨŽƌ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ ƉƌĞͲ< Ͳ ϲƚŚ ŐƌĂĚĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ǁĞůĐŽŵĞƐ ŵŽƌĞ ƚŚĂƚ ϴ͕ϬϬϬ ĂƌĞĂ ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ ŽŶ ĮĞůĚ ƚƌŝƉƐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĞ LJĞĂƌ͘ dE/ ĂůƐŽ ŽǁŶƐ ĂŶĚ ŵĂŶĂŐĞƐ ŽǀĞƌ ϰϱϬ ĂĐƌĞƐ ŽĨ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ ůĂŶĚ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ KůŝŶ EĂƚƵƌĞ WƌĞƐĞƌǀĞ͕ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ^ĂŶĐƚƵĂƌLJ͕ ƚŚĞ <ĞŵƉĂŶĚŽƌĂ,ƵƚĐŚŝŶƐŽŶŝƌĚ^ĂŶĐƚƵĂƌLJ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞ,ĞĂƌƚůĂŶĚ Prairie Project at Gordon Moore Park. These natural areas ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƵŶŝƋƵĞƉůĂĐĞƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƵďůŝĐƚŽĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƚŚĞĚŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJ ŽĨƚŚĞZŝǀĞƌďĞŶĚĂƌĞĂǁŝƚŚŝƚƐŚĂƌĚǁŽŽĚĨŽƌĞƐƚƐ͕ƉƌĂŝƌŝĞƐĂŶĚ wetlands.”

dŚĞ EĂƚƵƌĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ ƐƚĂī ĂŶĚ ǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚ ĂŶĚ ƐƚĞǁĂƌĚ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚ ůĂŶĚƐ ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ŝŶ 'ŽĚĨƌĞLJ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕ ƚŚĞLJ ǁŽƌŬ ǁŝƚŚ ƐƵƌƌŽƵŶĚŝŶŐŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ůƚŽŶͿƚŽĞŶƐƵƌĞƚŚĞ ƉƌŽƉĞƌ ƐƚĞǁĂƌĚƐŚŝƉ ŽĨ ŶĂƚƵƌĞ ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ŝƐ ŽĐĐƵƌƌŝŶŐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĞŝƌ ŐƌĞĂƚĞƌ ĂƌĞĂ͘ dŚĞ EĂƚƵƌĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 15


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ ƵƐĞƐŝƚƐŽǁŶĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌŶĞĂƌďLJƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞƐ ƚŽ ŚŽƐƚ Ă ǀĂƌŝĞƚLJ ŽĨ ĞǀĞŶƚƐ ĂŝŵĞĚ Ăƚ ƌĂŝƐŝŶŐ ƉƵďůŝĐ ĂǁĂƌĞŶĞƐƐŽĨŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĂŶĚĞĐŽůŽŐŝĐĂůǀĂůƵĞƐ͘

ůŝŏŽƉůůŝĂŶĐĞ ůŝŏŽƉ;ǁŚŝĐŚŝƐĂŶĂĐƌŽŶLJŵƚŚĂƚƐƚĂŶĚƐĨŽƌŽŶƐĞƌǀŝŶŐ >ĂŶĚƐ/Ŷ&Ăƌŵ͕&ŽƌĞƐƚ͕dĂůƵƐ͕KƌWƌĂŝƌŝĞͿǁĂƐĨŽƵŶĚĞĚ ŝŶ ϮϬϬϲ ƚŽ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ƉƵďůŝĐ ŽƵƚƌĞĂĐŚ͕ ůĂŶĚ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ ůĂŶĚ ƐƚĞǁĂƌĚƐŚŝƉ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ďůƵī ůĂŶĚƐ ĂůŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝ ZŝǀĞƌ ŝŶ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ͕ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ͕ ĂŶĚ DŽŶƌŽĞ ĐŽƵŶƟĞƐŝŶ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͘ &ƌŽŵƚŚĞŝƌǁĞďƐŝƚĞ͗ ͞ ŐƌĂƐƐƌŽŽƚƐ͕ ŶŽͲĨƌŝůůƐ͕ ďĂƌĞͲďŽŶĞƐ͕ ŶŽŶƉƌŽĮƚ͕ ŶŽŶƉĂƌƟƐĂŶ͕ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶŽĨǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌƐ͘ ŶĂůůŝĂŶĐĞĂŶĚĨƵƐŝŽŶͲĐĞŶƚĞƌƚŚĂƚƐĞƌǀĞƐĂƐĂĐůĞĂƌŝŶŐŚŽƵƐĞ͘ tĞ ǁŽƌŬ ǁŝƚŚ ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͕ ƐƚĂƚĞ͕ ĨĞĚĞƌĂů ĂŶĚ ŶŽŶͲŐŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚĂů ĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐĂŶĚƉĂƌƚŶĞƌƚŽďƌŝŶŐůĂŶĚŚŽůĚĞƌƐĂŶĚĂƌĞĂƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ ƚŚĞƌĞƋƵŝƐŝƚĞƚĞĐŚŶŝĐĂů͕ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂů͕ĂŶĚĮŶĂŶĐŝĂůƚŽŽůƐƚŽƐůŽǁ ŽƌƐƚĞŵƚŚƌĞĂƚƐƚŽŽƵƌďůƵīůĂŶĚƐĂŶĚŬĞĞƉƚŚĞŵƉƌŽĚƵĐƟǀĞ͕ ŚĞĂůƚŚLJ͕ĂŶĚďĞĂƵƟĨƵů͘͟

ƚŽ ĨƵŶĚ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂůůLJͲĨƌŝĞŶĚůLJ ƉƌŽũĞĐƚƐ ƵŶĚĞƌƚĂŬĞŶ ďLJ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐĂŶĚƚŽǁŶƐŚŝƉƐ͘

/Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͕ ƚŚĞ WůĂŶŶŝŶŐ Θ ĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ ƌƵŶƐ ƚŚĞ 'ƌĞĞŶ ^ĐŚŽŽůƐ WƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘ dŚĞ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ ĂƐƐŝƐƚƐ ůŽĐĂů ƐĐŚŽŽůƐ ǁŝƚŚ ƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ ǁĂƐƚĞ ƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŚĞůƉƐ ĞĚƵĐĂƚĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐŽŶƚŚĞŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶĐĞŽĨƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ͘dŚĞ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ ĂƐƐŝƐƚƐ ǁŝƚŚ ǀĂƌŝŽƵƐ ƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ĞŶĚĞĂǀŽƌƐ ŝŶ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐƚŚĞƚĂďƚŽƉƚĂůůLJ͕ĞLJĞŐůĂƐƐĐŽůůĞĐƟŽŶ͕ ƚŚĞƐŚŽĞƐĨŽƌǁĂƚĞƌƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͕ĂůƵŵŝŶƵŵĐĂŶĚƌŝǀĞ͕ĂŶĚ ŵĂŶLJŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘dŚĞƉƌŽŐƌĂŵŝƐĞdžĞŵƉůŝĮĞĚďLJƚŚĞĂŶŶƵĂů dZ^,ĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶƐĂŶĚƚŚĞĂƌƚŚ&ůĂŐĞǀĞŶƚƐ͘͟ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ ƚŽ ƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ ŐƌĞĞŶ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͕ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJŚĂƐŚĂĚĂƉƌĞƐĞŶĐĞĂƚŶƵŵĞƌŽƵƐĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂůͲ ƌĞůĂƚĞĚĞǀĞŶƚƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚƚŚĞŽƵŶƚLJ͘dŚĞĂŶŶƵĂůŝƌ &ŽƌƵŵŝƐŽŶĞĞdžĂŵƉůĞŽĨƚŚĞĐŽƵŶƚLJ͛ƐĐŽŵŵŝƚŵĞŶƚƚŽ ƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďŝůŝƚLJ ĂƐ Ă ǁĂLJ ŽĨ ďƌŝŶŐŝŶŐ ďĞƩĞƌ ŚĞĂůƚŚ ĂŶĚ ƋƵĂůŝƚLJŽĨůŝĨĞƚŽŝƚƐƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ͘

^ƚ͘ůĂŝƌŽƵŶƚLJ ůŝŏŽƉ͛Ɛ ǁŽƌŬ ŝƐ ŐƵŝĚĞ ďLJ Ă ŽĂƌĚ ŽĨ ŝƌĞĐƚŽƌƐ͘ /Ŷ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ͕ůŝŏŽƉǁŽƌŬƐǁŝƚŚŵĂŶLJƉĂƌƚŶĞƌƐŽŶƉƌŽũĞĐƚƐ ƚŚĂƚĂƌĞŵƵƚƵĂůůLJďĞŶĞĮĐŝĂůƚŽƚŚĞďůƵīĞĐŽƐLJƐƚĞŵƐŝŶ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ ƵĚƵďŽŶ ^ŽĐŝĞƚLJ͕ EĂƚƵƌĞ WƌĞƐĞƌǀĞƐ ŽŵŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ͕ ^ŽƵƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ŽůůĞŐĞ͕hŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJŽĨ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐdžƚĞŶƐŝŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘

^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ 'ƌĞĞŶƐƉĂĐĞ &ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ ŝƐ ĂŶ ĂůůͲ ǀŽůƵŶƚĞĞƌ͕ ŽĂƌĚ ĚŝƌĞĐƚĞĚ͕ ŶŽƚͲĨŽƌͲƉƌŽĮƚ ůĂŶĚ ƚƌƵƐƚ ŝŶ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ͘ dŚĞ ŐƌŽƵƉ ŽǁŶƐ ĂŶĚ ƐƚĞǁĂƌĚƐ ŽǀĞƌ ϲϬĂĐƌĞƐŽĨůĂŶĚƚŚĂƚŽǀĞƌůŽŽŬƐƚŚĞ^ƚ͘>ŽƵŝƐ͕DŝƐƐŽƵƌŝ ƐŬLJůŝŶĞ͘ dŚĞŝƌ ŵŝƐƐŝŽŶ ŝƐ ƚŽ ͞ƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ŚĞƌŝƚĂŐĞ ŽĨ ^ƚ͘ ůĂŝƌ ŽƵŶƚLJ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ĨŽƌĞƐƚƐ͕ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ƉƌĂŝƌŝĞƐ ĨŽƌ ůĂŶĚ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ͕ ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ͕ĂŶĚƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ͘͟

DĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ͕ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐ ŝƐ ĐƵƌƌĞŶƚůLJ ƵŶĚĞƌŐŽŝŶŐ Ă ŽŵƉƌĞŚĞŶƐŝǀĞWůĂŶƵƉĚĂƚĞĂŶĚƚŚĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶŽĨƚŚĞŝƌ ĮƌƐƚ ^ƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďŝůŝƚLJ WůĂŶ͘ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ ǀĞƌLJ ĂĐƟǀĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƌĞŐŝŽŶ ŝŶ ŝŶƚĞŐƌĂƟŶŐ ƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďŝůŝƚLJ ŝŶƚŽ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĞǀĞƌLJĚĂLJ ǁŽƌŬ͘ dŚŝƐ ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ ĂĐŚŝĞǀĞĚ ďLJ ƌĞĂůŝnjŝŶŐ ĂŶĚ ƐƉƌĞĂĚŝŶŐ ĂǁĂƌĞŶĞƐƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĞĐŽŶŽŵŝĐ ǀĂůƵĞŵĂŶLJƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďŝůŝƚLJŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐĂĐŚŝĞǀĞ͘ &ƌŽŵƚŚĞŝƌǁĞďƐŝƚĞ͗ “The Planning & Development Department’s recycling program is one of the region’s most successful recycling ŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ͘ dŚĞ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ ĮƌƐƚ ŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚĞĚ ĐƵƌďƐŝĚĞ ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂůƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐŶĞĂƌůLJƚǁĞŶƚLJ;ϮϬͿLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽĂŶĚƚŽĚĂLJ ŽǀĞƌϯϱйŽĨĂůůŚŽƵƐĞŚŽůĚƚƌĂƐŚŝƐƌĞĐLJĐůĞĚ͘/ŶĂĚĚŝƟŽŶϴϱй ŽĨǁĂƐƚĞŐĞŶĞƌĂƚĞĚŝŶDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ'ŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚďƵŝůĚŝŶŐƐ is recycled and is approaching zero waste in the future. The ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ ĂůƐŽ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐ ƐĞǀĞŶ ;ϳͿ ĚƌŽƉͲŽī ƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ƐƚĂƟŽŶƐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJ ĂŶĚ ŽīĞƌƐ Ă ŐƌĂŶƚ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ 16 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

džŝƐƟŶŐ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐ ŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJWƌŽũĞĐƚƐ >ĂŶĚƐKǁŶĞĚ͗ƌƵƐŚLJ>ĂŬĞ /ŶϮϬϭϭ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJĂĐƋƵŝƌĞĚƚŚĞϳϵ͘ϱ ĂĐƌĞƌƵƐŚLJ>ĂŬĞWƌŽƉĞƌƟĞƐǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵĞĐŽƐLJƐƚĞŵŝŶŽůůŝŶƐǀŝůůĞ͕/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ;DĂĚŝƐŽŶ ŽƵŶƚLJͿ͘dŚĞĂĐƋƵŝƐŝƟŽŶǁĂƐƐƚƌĂƚĞŐŝĐŝŶŶĂƚƵƌĞŝŶ ƚŚĂƚŝƚĂĚĚƐƚŽƚŚĞƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐůLJƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚ>ĞǀĞĞ>ĂŬĞ /ůůŝŶŽŝƐEĂƚƵƌĂů/ŶǀĞŶƚŽƌLJƐŝƚĞǁŚŝĐŚůŝĞƐƚŽƚŚĞƐŽƵƚŚ͘ ŽŵďŝŶĞĚ͕ŽǀĞƌϰϬϬĂĐƌĞƐĂƌĞŶŽǁƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĂƚ ĂƌĞĂ͘>ĞǀĞĞ>ĂŬĞƐĞƌǀĞƐĂƐŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞďĞƐƚƌĞŵĂŝŶŝŶŐ ƐǁĂŵƉʹƉŽŶĚŚĂďŝƚĂƚƐƌĞŵĂŝŶŝŶŐŝŶƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ŽƩŽŵĞĐŽƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘

Brushy Lake

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties HeartLands Conservancy Region

While the rate of wetland loss in Illinois continues, efforts at conserving and restoring wetlands throughout the nation have resulted in positive outcomes. Species that were rarely sighted have become more prolific following habitat restoration. Wood ducks and bald eagles are a prime example of species that were once near extinction due to loss of habitat. Wetland conservation efforts provided these birds the areas necessary to stabilize and increase their populations. Arlington Wetland will be a valuable addition to wetland restoration projects along the Mississippi and prove beneficial to wildlife, residents, and visitors. October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 17


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ The canyon features of the Mill Creek Natural Area have sheltered plants such as club moss, cinnamon fern, and bishop’s cap for eons. “The opportunity to bring this tract of land – with its unique geology and plant communities – into permanent protection was a must-do deal for both our organizations,” said Dave Eustis, Executive Director of HeartLands Conservancy.

Photos of Mill Creek Natural Area courtesy of Mary Ann Lopez Drake 18 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Lands Owned: Mill Creek Natural Area ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJĂŶĚůŝŏŽƉũŽŝŶƚůLJǁŽƌŬĞĚƚŽ ƉƵƌĐŚĂƐĞĂŶĚƉĞƌŵĂŶĞŶƚůLJƉƌŽƚĞĐƚDŝůůƌĞĞŬEĂƚƵƌĂů ƌĞĂ͕ĂƵŶŝƋƵĞƚƌĂĐƚŽĨůĂŶĚŝŶZĂŶĚŽůƉŚŽƵŶƚLJ͘Dŝůů ƌĞĞŬEĂƚƵƌĂůƌĞĂŚŽƐƚƐƉůĂŶƚƐƉĞĐŝĞƐŶŽǁĨŽƵŶĚ ŵƵĐŚĨƵƌƚŚĞƌŶŽƌƚŚ͕ďƵƚǁŚŝĐŚĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞƚŚĞ ƉŽǁĞƌŽĨĂŶĐŝĞŶƚŐĞŽůŽŐŝĐĨŽƌĐĞƐ͘dŚĞϭϭϱͲĂĐƌĞƉĂƌĐĞů ŽĨůĂŶĚĐŽŶƚĂŝŶƐƐĂŶĚƐƚŽŶĞĐĂŶLJŽŶƐĂŶĚŐŽƌŐĞƐĂŶĚ ĐůŝīƐLJƐƚĞŵƐƚŚĂƚŚŽƐƚƵŶƵƐƵĂůƉůĂŶƚĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͘ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚƐƚƌĞƚĐŚŽĨDŝůůƌĞĞŬĂůƐŽǁŝŶĚƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞ ƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJĂŶĚƉůĂŶŶĞĚƌĞƐƚŽƌĂƟŽŶǁŝůůďĞŶĞĮƚďŽƚŚƚŚĞ ĐƌĞĞŬĂŶĚƚŚĞDĂƌLJ͛ƐZŝǀĞƌǁĂƚĞƌƐŚĞĚ͘

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties HeartLands Conservancy Region

Mill Creek

Part of our stewardship work will include reforestation of some small creek-bottom fields. This will reduce soil erosion and help protect Mill Creek and the Mary’s River watershed. We are planning a number of special guided field trips to Mill Creek Natural Area with members, but due to the sensitivity of the plant communities, the site will not be open to the general public in the near future. October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 19


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Lands Owned: Hobson A 1.5 acre wooded area in a subdivision in Collinsville was donated to HeartLands Conservancy to be maintained as open space and to protect the heritage of the last remaining piece of a family farm. The wildlife habitat area will be protected as open space in an otherwise fully developed urban area. The long term plan is to convert the area into a public park or maintain as a wildlife habitat area in the community.

Hobson

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties HeartLands Conservancy Region

Landowners may also wish to consider the donation of land to a qualified land trust, such as HeartLands Conservancy. There are a number of reasons for considering this option, including ensuring the long-term preservation of a unique or rare natural resource, reducing, or in some cases eliminating, tax liabilities, or simply to further land conservation within southwestern Illinois. 20 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Landowners are encouraged to discuss possible land donations with the staff of HeartLands Conservancy in the early planning stages. In some cases the donor’s interest will be in seeing the property protected in perpetuity, under ownership of HeartLands Conservancy. In some cases the donor may wish to see a conservation easement placed on the property, and then have the property sold in an effort to raise funds for other conservation efforts. And in other cases, the donor may simple desire that the property be sold for its best possible use with the proceeds used to further conservation efforts within southwestern Illinois.

Photos of Hobson courtesy of Stephen Black October, 2013

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džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ The historic Engelmann Farm in Shiloh might have been bulldozed and cleared to make way for a subdivision with a nice view. But thanks to St. Clair County residents and officials aware of the history behind the farm, it will be preserved as a park. The county will receive $1.5 million in funding from the 2009 Open Space Lands Acquisition and Development program to pay for purchasing 124 acres of the 145 acre site. "We have received two grants from (Illinois Department of Natural Resources) to purchase the property for a total of $1.5 million," said Pam Hogan, executive assistant to the St. Clair County Board chairman. Suburban Journals, June 2009

Photos of Engelmann Farm courtesy of Bill Freeman. 22 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


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Lands Acquired: Engelmann Farm The 143 acre Engelmann Farm was purchased by HeartLands Conservancy in 2007 to eventually be dedicated as a county park. This property, which sits on one of the highest points in the region, contains two historic houses, eighty acres of high-quality woods and the balance in farmland. Future plans for the site ĐĂůůĨŽƌƉĂƐƐŝǀĞƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ͘

Engelmann Farm

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties HeartLands Conservancy Region

German immigrants, residents of the Engelmann Farm, 19th century: t Georg Engelmann: premier botanist of the American West, helped to develop the Missouri Botanical Garden t Theodor Engelmann: (Friedrich's son) published the first German newspaper in Illinois t Friedrich Engelmann: purchased the farm property 1833, establishing the Engelmann Farm t Gustave Koerner: married Sophie Engelmann (Friedrich's daughter); became Illinois Supreme Court judge and lieutenant governor of state; presided over the 1860 Illinois Republican Convention that nominated Abraham Lincoln; garnered German support for Lincoln as Republican nominee for president October, 2013

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džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Approximately 100 acres of wetland and another 170 acres of bottomland forest will be restored along the Mississippi River in Randolph County if Ducks Unlimited is able to fully implement its restoration plan for Rockwood Island. DU’s plan seeks to restore an abandoned side channel of the Mississippi River to wetlands and plant bottomland hardwood trees on the remaining portions of Rockwood Island. The plan was designed so that restoration could take place in phases or as funds are secured. From ducks.org

Photos of the Lower and Middle Mississippi courtesy of Bill Freeman. 24 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Lands Acquired: Rockwood Island Working in partnership with the American Land Conservancy, HeartLands Conservancy has acquired nearly 1,000 acres on Rockwood Island. This property has subsequently been deeded over to the US Fish & Wildlife Service for inclusion in the Middle Mississippi ZŝǀĞƌEĂƟŽŶĂůtŝůĚůŝĨĞZĞĨƵŐĞ͘

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties

Rockwood Island

HeartLands Conservancy Region

Rockwood Island is part of the"Middle Mississippi" Refuge, which is part of the Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge Complex. The complex was established in 1958 for the protection of migratory birds and spans 350 miles along the Mississippi River in the states of Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri. It includes Port Louisa, Two Rivers, Great River, Clarence Cannon, and Middle Mississippi River refuges. From the US Department of Interior. October, 2013

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džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Seasonal Guide - Kidd Lake : t Spring - Listen for male frogs looking for mates in early spring make a lot of noise on warm humid nights. Occurring at Kidd Lake Marsh are the western chorus frog (sounds like running a finger along a comb), northern spring peeper (high-pitched, repetitive peep), American toad (high-pitch, extended trill), southern leopard frog (cackle-like call), and bullfrog (deep, mournful call "glu-ub, glu-ub"). t Summer - Identifiable plants in the wetland are cattails, lotus, smartweeds, cordgrass, river bulrush, false aster and arrowleaf. Scope out the wetland for birds such as great blue herons, little blue herons, great egrets, sora and coots. t Fall - When the fall migration starts, Kidd Lake Marsh wil hold flocks of Canada geese, snow geese, blue-winged teal, green-winged teal, mallards, wood ducks and gadwall. t Winter - Those dome-shaped mounds dotting the marsh are muskrat houses. Aquatic mammals smaller than a beaver and having a rat-like tail are mostly vegetarian, but also eat clams, frogs and fish on occasion. Muskrat houses are made of wetland plants, and each is home to one family. From Illinois Department of Natural Resources

Photos of Kidd Lake courtesy of Bill Freeman. 26 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


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Lands Acquired: Kidd Lake Kidd Lake Marsh Natural Area, 445 acres, is located ĂůŽŶŐůƵīZŽĂĚŝŶDŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJ͕ĂƚƚŚĞďĂƐĞŽĨ ƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌďůƵīƐ͕ŶĞĂƌƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJŽĨ Fults. The site is included on the Illinois Natural Areas /ŶǀĞŶƚŽƌLJ͕;&ƵůƚƐ,ŝůůWƌĂŝƌŝĞʹ<ŝĚĚ>ĂŬĞDĂƌƐŚͿ͕ĂŶĚŝƐ ĐŽŶƟŐƵŽƵƐƚŽƚŚĞ&ƵůƚƐ,ŝůůWƌĂŝƌŝĞEĂƚƵƌĞWƌĞƐĞƌǀĞ͕Ă EĂƟŽŶĂůEĂƚƵƌĂů>ĂŶĚŵĂƌŬ͘dŚĞ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ ŽĨEĂƚƵƌĂůZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐŽǁŶƐĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞƐďŽƚŚ ƐŝƚĞƐ͘/ŶϮϬϭϭ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJĂĐƋƵŝƌĞĚĂŶ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůϵϰ͘ϱĂĐƌĞƐĂƚƚŚŝƐƐŝƚĞ͕ǁŚŝĐŚŝƐĐŽŶƐŝƐƚĞŶƚ ǁŝƚŚŵƵůƟƉůĞƌĞƉŽƌƚƐĂŶĚƐƚƵĚŝĞƐ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐƚŚĞ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐ tŝůĚůŝĨĞĐƟŽŶWůĂŶ͕ǁŚŝĐŚĐĂůůƐĨŽƌĂŶŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞŝŶ ǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐŽĨϰ͕ϬϬϬĂĐƌĞƐǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶŽƩŽŵ͕ Kidd ƚŚĞDŝĚĚůĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌZĞŐŝŽŶĂůŽƌƌŝĚŽƌZĞĂĐŚ Lake ZĞƉŽƌƚƐǁŚŝĐŚƌĞŇĞĐƚƐƚŚĞŚŝŐŚůĞǀĞůŽĨƌĞƐƚŽƌĂƟŽŶ ƉŽƚĞŶƟĂůĂƚ<ŝĚĚ>ĂŬĞDĂƌƐŚ͕ĂŶĚĮŶĂůůLJƚŚĞhƉƉĞƌ DŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌĂŶĚ'ƌĞĂƚ>ĂŬĞƐZĞŐŝŽŶ:ŽŝŶƚsĞŶƚƵƌĞ /ŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚĂƟŽŶWůĂŶ;ĂƐƵďͲĐŽŵƉŽŶĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞEŽƌƚŚ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶtĂƚĞƌĨŽǁůDĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚWůĂŶͿ;ϮϬϬϳͿ͗ ǁŚŝĐŚƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞƐ<ŝĚĚ>ĂŬĞDĂƌƐŚĂƐŽŶĞŽĨƚŚĞŵŽƐƚ ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚǁĞƚůĂŶĚƐǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞ^ƚĂƚĞŽĨ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐĨŽƌ ďƌĞĞĚŝŶŐƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͘dŚŝƐƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJŚĂƐďĞĞŶĚĞĞĚĞĚƚŽ ƚŚĞ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚŽĨEĂƚƵƌĂůZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐĨŽƌůŽŶŐͲƚĞƌŵŽǁŶĞƌƐŚŝƉĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͘

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties HeartLands Conservancy Region

Kidd Lake State Natural Area is located in the Mississippi River bottoms in southwestern Illinois. The original Kidd Lake was a shallow body of water which was then partly drained and is now being farmed. The remnants of the lake contain a thick stand of bulrush, cattail, and smartweed. Willows are found in the drier portions of the marsh and a few small ponds of open water occur in the area. From the Illinois Department of Natural Resources October, 2013

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Lands Acquired: Chouteau, Mosenthein & Gabaret Islands In 2001, working in partnership with the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, The Trust for Public >ĂŶĚ͕ĂŶĚdŚĞDĐ<ŶŝŐŚƚ&ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ͕,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐ Conservancy was able to assist in acquiring all available remaining private interests in Gabaret and Mosenthein Islands. These two islands, which represent 2,000 acres, are a major component of the overall Chouteau Island complex (5,500 acres). The islands are owned and managed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. In 2004, with funding provided by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources and the EĂƟŽŶĂů&ŝƐŚΘtŝůĚůŝĨĞ&ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐ ŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJǁĂƐĂďůĞƚŽĂĐƋƵŝƌĞĂŶĂĚĚŝƟŽŶĂůϵϰ acres on Chouteau Island, which has been deeded to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources for longterm ownership and management.

Chouteau Island Complex

Other HeartLands Conservancy Properties HeartLands Conservancy Region

The islands lie between the Mississippi River’s main channel and the Chain of Rocks Canal, bordering seven miles of the Illinois shoreline. More than 70% of the islands are owned by public agencies (Illinois Department of Natural Resources, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and City of Madison); IDNR and Corps lands are accessible to the public and are marked accordingly. From the Confluence Greenway 28 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ Photos taken from the Chouteau Island Complex courtesy of Bill Freeman.

The islands as we know them today were created after World War II through the development of the Chain of Rocks Canal by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The Corps’ purpose was to foster river commerce by diverting barges and other large vessels around the hazardous, natural “chain of rocks” across the river, best viewed from the Old Chain of Rocks Bridge just north of that point. A delightful side effect was the creation of a more natural, highly scenic stretch of river for roughly seven miles along the islands’ outer shores. From the Confluence Greenway October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 29


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Arlington Wetlands ƌůŝŶŐƚŽŶtĞƚůĂŶĚŝƐĂŶϴϯͲĂĐƌĞƌĞŵŶĂŶƚŵĞĂŶĚĞƌŽĨƚŚĞDŝƐƐŝƐƐŝƉƉŝZŝǀĞƌĂŶĚŝƚƐƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ͕ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƚǁŽĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐ͕ǁŝůůƐĞƌǀĞĂŶŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚƌŽůĞŝŶƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐƐƚŽƌŵǁĂƚĞƌƐƚŽƌĂŐĞ͕ĐůĞĂŶǁĂƚĞƌ͕ ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚĂŶĚƌĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶĂůŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐĨŽƌƚŚŝƐĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJŝŶDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ͘dŚĞƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƚŚŝƐƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJǁŽƵůĚŶŽƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶŵĂĚĞƉŽƐƐŝďůĞǁŝƚŚŽƵƚƚŚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌƐŚŝƉĐƌĞĂƚĞĚǁŝƚŚDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ ŐŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚĂŶĚƚŚĞŽůůŝŶƐǀŝůůĞƌĞĂZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ͘dŚĞĨƵŶĚŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚŝƐƉƌŽũĞĐƚǁĂƐĂůƐŽĂĐŽůůĂďŽƌĂƟǀĞ ĞīŽƌƚŝŶǀŽůǀŝŶŐŽŶŽĐŽWŚŝůůŝƉƐ͕dŚĞ/ůůŝŶŽŝƐůĞĂŶŶĞƌŐLJŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ&ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞh^&ŝƐŚΘtŝůĚůŝĨĞ ^ĞƌǀŝĐĞ͘ Photo of Arlington Wetlands courtesy of SarahVogt.

Arlington Wetland is part of the larger American Bottom floodplain of the Mississippi River. It’s proximity to Horseshoe Lake State Park, the Chouteau Island complex, as well as other wetland mitigation sites ensures that this project will be a benefit to local and migratory wildlife, and will provide recreational and educational opportunities to local residents, families, and visitors. 30 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Stemler Cave Vicinity dǁŽĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐũƵƐƚǁĞƐƚŽĨDŝůůƐƚĂĚƚŝŶƚŚĞŬĂƌƐƚƚŽƉŽŐƌĂƉŚLJƌĞŐŝŽŶƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĂƚŽƚĂůŽĨϵϮĂĐƌĞƐ ĨƌŽŵĐŽŶǀĞƌƐŝŽŶƚŽƵƌďĂŶƵƐĞƐ͘KŶĞƉĂƌĐĞůŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐϰϮĂĐƌĞƐŽĨŵĂƚƵƌĞǁŽŽĚůĂŶĚĂŶĚƚĂůůŐƌĂƐƐƉƌĂŝƌŝĞƚŚĂƚ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚĂŶĚŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞǀĂůƵĞƐĨŽƌƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͘dŚĞƐĞĐŽŶĚƉĂƌĐĞůƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐĨŽƌ ƚŚĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶŽĨϱϬĂĐƌĞƐŽĨŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĂŶĚƚŚĞĨĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐďĞŝŶŐƌĞƐƚŽƌĞĚďĂĐŬƚŽĨŽƌĞƐƚĂŶĚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚƌĞĞƉůĂŶƟŶŐƐ͕ƉŽŶĚĂŶĚǁĞƚůĂŶĚĐŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶƉƌĂĐƟĐĞƐ͘hƌďĂŶĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ĂůŽŶŐ<ƌŽƉƉZŽĂĚǁĂƐƚŚƌĞĂƚĞŶŝŶŐƚŚĞƐĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƟĞƐƚŚĂƚǁŝůůŶŽǁďĞƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚŝŶƉĞƌƉĞƚƵŝƚLJĂŶĚǁŝůůƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ƐŝŐŶŝĮĐĂŶƚŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĂŶĚĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶǀĂůƵĞƐƚŽƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJĂŶĚƌĞŐŝŽŶ͘ Photo at Stemler Cave by Libby Reuter and Joshua Rowan as part of their “Watershed Cairns” project through which they have been creating images that draw attention to places in the St. Louis Region where the land is collecting the water, cleaning and conducting it to streams, and, ultimately, to the Missouri and finally the Mississippi River. These same rivers are the source of much of the region’s drinking water. Believing it is art’s role to make the invisiblevisible, and that there is no more important resource for the future than clean water, Reuter and Rowan set out to mark little known waterscapes where one can see the watershed at work or where the natural streams have been harmed or buried. After the photographs are made, the fragile cairns are removed from the landscape.

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 31


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: O’Fallon Area dŚĞƐĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƟĞƐĂƌĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚũƵƐƚŽƵƚƐŝĚĞŽĨK͛&ĂůůŽŶ͕ĂŶĚƚŚĞƚǁŽĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐ͕ƚŽƚĂůŝŶŐϭϴϬ ĂĐƌĞƐ͕ƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĂŵŝdžƚƵƌĞŽĨĐƌŽƉůĂŶĚ͕ǁŽŽĚůĂŶĚ͕ƌŝƉĂƌŝĂŶĂƌĞĂƐ͕ĂŶĚĂŚŽŵĞƐŝƚĞ͘&ŽƌĞƐƚ͕ǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ͕ĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶǀĂůƵĞƐǁŝůůďĞŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶĞĚĨŽƌƉĞƌƉĞƚƵŝƚLJŝŶĂŶĂƌĞĂǁŚĞƌĞŵƵĐŚŽĨƚŚĞƐƵƌƌŽƵŶĚŝŶŐůĂŶĚƐŚĂǀĞ ďĞĞŶĐŽŶǀĞƌƚĞĚƚŽƵƌďĂŶƵƐĞƐ͘^ŝŶĐĞƚŚĞK͛&ĂůůŽŶĂƌĞĂŚĂƐƐĞĞŶƐƵĐŚĂŚŝŐŚƌĂƚĞŽĨŐƌŽǁƚŚĂŶĚĐŽŶǀĞƌƐŝŽŶŽĨ ůĂŶĚƚŽŝŵƉĞƌŵĞĂďůĞƐƵƌĨĂĐĞƐ͕ƚŚŝƐĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐĐƌŝƟĐĂůŐƌŽƵŶĚǁĂƚĞƌƌĞĐŚĂƌŐĞĂŶĚĂďƐŽƌƉƟŽŶĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ƚŽƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͘dŚĞůŽŶŐͲƚĞƌŵƉůĂŶŽĨƚŚĞůĂŶĚŽǁŶĞƌŝƐƚŽĐŽŶǀĞƌƚƚŚĞĐƌŽƉůĂŶĚƚŽĞŝƚŚĞƌĨŽƌĞƐƚůĂŶĚŽƌ ŐƌĂƐƐůĂŶĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞZWƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘dŚĞůĂŶĚŽǁŶĞƌŚĂƐŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚĞĚǁŽŽĚůĂŶĚŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƌĞŵŽǀĂůŽĨƵŶĚĞƐŝƌĂďůĞǁŽŽĚLJǀĞŐĞƚĂƟŽŶŝŶƐĞǀĞƌĂůĂƌĞĂƐƚŽĞŶĐŽƵƌĂŐĞƚŚĞŐƌŽǁƚŚŽĨŵŽƌĞĚĞƐŝƌĂďůĞƐƉĞĐŝĞƐ͘ Photo courtesy of Bill Freeman.

Green infrastructure is an approach that communities can choose to maintain healthy waters, provide multiple environmental benefits and support sustainable communities. Unlike single-purpose gray stormwater infrastructure, which uses pipes to dispose of rainwater, green infrastructure uses vegetation and soil to manage rainwater where it falls. By weaving natural processes into the built environment, green infrastructure provides not only stormwater management, but also flood mitigation, air quality management, and much more. At a time when so much of our infrastructure is in need of replacement or repair and so few communities can foot the bill, we need resilient and affordable solutions that meet many objectives at once. Green infrastructure is one solution. US Environmental Protection Agency 32 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Fults Area ŶĂƟǀĞƉůĂŶƚƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŬĂƌƐƚƚŽƉŽŐƌĂƉŚLJĂƌĞĂŽĨDŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJŝƐďĞŝŶŐƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚǁŝƚŚĂ ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚ͘KǀĞƌϰϬϬŶĂƟǀĞƉůĂŶƚƐĂƌĞůŽĐĂƚĞĚŽŶƚŚŝƐƚŚŝƌƚĞĞŶĂĐƌĞƐƐŝƚĞƚŚĂƚƐĞƌǀĞƐĂƐĂƵŶŝƋƵĞ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƚLJƚŽĨĞĂƚƵƌĞƐƵĐŚďƌŽĂĚĞĐŽƐLJƐƚĞŵĚŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJ͘dŚŝƐƐŝƚĞŝƐĂůƐŽƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚĨƌŽŵƵƌďĂŶĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚǁĂƚĞƌƋƵĂůŝƚLJŝƐŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶĞĚǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚŝƐĨƌĂŐŝůĞŐĞŽůŽŐŝĐĂƌĞĂ͘

Karst topography forms the world's longest cave system - the Mammoth Cave system of Kentucky is over 350 miles long. Karst topography can also be found extensively in Monroe County where this conservation easement is located.

Photo courtesy of Stephen Black. October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 33


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: High Valley /ŶϮϬϭϬƚŚĞsŝůůĂŐĞŽĨ^ŚŝůŽŚĞŶƚĞƌĞĚŝŶƚŽĂĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƚŽƉƌŽƚĞĐƚƚŚĞϭϯĂĐƌĞ,ŝŐŚsĂůůĞLJƐŝƚĞ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚůŝĞƐƐŽƵƚŚĂŶĚǁĞƐƚŽĨƚŚĞŝŶƚĞƌƐĞĐƟŽŶ&ƌĂŶŬ^ĐŽƩWĂƌŬǁĂLJĂŶĚ'ƌĞĞŶDŽƵŶƚZŽĂĚ͘dŚŝƐĂƌĞĂŝƐƌĂƉŝĚůLJ ƵƌďĂŶŝnjŝŶŐ͕ĂŶĚƚŚŝƐϭϯĂĐƌĞƐ͕ǁŚŝĐŚůŝĞƐŝŶƚŚĞƵƉƉĞƌƌĞĂĐŚĞƐŽĨZŝĐŚůĂŶĚƌĞĞŬ͕ǁŝůůƉƌŽǀŝĚĞŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚ ƐƚŽƌŵǁĂƚĞƌƐƚŽƌĂŐĞ͕ĂƐǁĞůůĂƐǁŝůĚůŝĨĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚŝŶƉĞƌƉĞƚƵŝƚLJ͘dŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJŝƐŽǁŶĞĚďLJƚŚĞsŝůůĂŐĞŽĨ^ŚŝůŽŚ͘ Photo courtesy of Mari Castello.

The High Valley property, owned by the Village of Shiloh, is a 13 acre conservation easement near the busy intersection of Frank Scott Parkway and Green Mount Road. Surrounded by development, this property provides an important buffer to the headwaters of Richland Creek, offering home to a wide variety of plant and animal species. As funding allows, the Village will incorporate a trail on the site. 34 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Trenton Area dĞŶĂĐƌĞƐŽĨŵĂƚƵƌĞŚĂƌĚǁŽŽĚĨŽƌĞƐƚũƵƐƚŽƵƚƐŝĚĞŽĨdƌĞŶƚŽŶŝƐďĞŝŶŐƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚĂĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚǁŝůůŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶƚŚĞĨŽƌĞƐƚĂŶĚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞďĞŶĞĮƚƐĂŶĚƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞŚƵŶĚƌĞĚƐŽĨŶĂƟǀĞǁŝůĚŇŽǁĞƌƐ͘dŚŝƐ ĂƌĞĂŝƐŝŶƚŚĞƉĂƚŚŽĨƵƌďĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶŽƵƚƐŝĚĞŽĨdƌĞŶƚŽŶĂŶĚƚŚĞĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚǁŝůůŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶƚŚĞƉůĂŶƚĂŶĚĂŶŝŵĂů ŚĂďŝƚĂƚĂŶĚƐĞƌǀĞĂƐƐĐĞŶŝĐŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞƉƵďůŝĐƌŽĂĚƚŚĂƚƌƵŶƐĂůŽŶŐƚŚĞƐŝƚĞ͘ Photo courtesy of Stephen Black.

The most common tool for conserving private land, a conservation easement is a legal agreement between a landowner and a land trust that permanently limits uses of the land in order to protect its conservation values. It allows landowners to continue to own and use their land, and they can also sell it or pass it on to heirs. October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 35


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Ellis Grove Area ϭϲϬͲĂĐƌĞĨĂŵŝůLJĨĂƌŵŝŶZĂŶĚŽůƉŚŽƵŶƚLJŝƐďĞĞŶƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚĂĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐŝŐŶĞĚŝŶϮϬϬϵ͘ &ŽƌŽǀĞƌĂŚƵŶĚƌĞĚLJĞĂƌƐƚŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJŚĂƐďĞĞŶĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞĨŽƌĨĂƌŵŝŶŐ͕ŚŝŬŝŶŐ͕ŚƵŶƟŶŐ͕ĮƐŚŝŶŐ͕ĂŶĚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ ŚĂďŝƚĂƚ͘tŝƚŚĂĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚŝŶƉůĂĐĞƚŚŝƐĐĂŶďĞĂƐƐƵƌĞĚĨŽƌĨƵƚƵƌĞŐĞŶĞƌĂƟŽŶƐ͘dŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJ ĐŽŶƐŝƐƚƐŽĨĂŵŝdžŽĨƉƌŝŵĞĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĂŶĚŵĂƚƵƌĞĨŽƌĞƐƚĞĚůĂŶĚĂŶĚǁŝůůƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĂĐƌŝƟĐĂůƐĂŶĐƚƵĂƌLJĨŽƌǁŝůĚůŝĨĞ ŝŶƚŚĞĂƌĞĂ͘ Photo courtesy of Stephen Black.

Conservation easements offer great flexibility. An easement on property containing rare wildlife habitat might prohibit any development, for example, while an easement on a farm might allow continued farming and the addition of agricultural structures. An easement may apply to all or a portion of the property, and need not require public access. 36 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

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džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Carbondale Area A 66 acre family farm just southeast of Carbondale is now protected from conversion to urban uses through a ĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚǁĂƐƐŝŐŶĞĚŝŶϮϬϬϳ͘dŚŝƐĨĂƌŵ͕ǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐďĞĞŶŝŶƚŚĞĨĂŵŝůLJĨŽƌŽǀĞƌϭϬϬLJĞĂƌƐ͕ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĂŶĚǁŝůĚůŝĨĞŚĂďŝƚĂƚǀĂůƵĞŝŶĂŶĂƌĞĂƚŚĂƚŝƐƌĂƉŝĚůLJďĞŝŶŐĐŽŶǀĞƌƚĞĚƚŽƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂůƵƐĞƐ͘ dŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJŽīĞƌƐĂƐĐĞŶŝĐǀŝĞǁĂůŽŶŐ'ŝĂŶƚŝƚLJZŽĂĚĂŶĚƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐĂǀĂƌŝĞƚLJŽĨƉůĂŶƚĂŶĚĂŶŝŵĂůďĞŶĞĮƚƐĨŽƌ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂŶĚĨƵƚƵƌĞŐĞŶĞƌĂƟŽŶƐ Photo courtesy of Stephen Black.

Scenic protection is a popular conservation goal in and of itself. Scenic views and roads were among the conservation values expressly protected by 56 percent of land trusts examined in one recent study. The goal of scenic protection, however, often overlaps with other popular conservation goals such as protection of open space, wildlife habitat, forests, or wetlands. Given the overlap, many conservation easements are drafted not as single-purpose scenic easements but as mixed-purpose easements. This approach has the benefit of ensuring that if a conservation easement fails to qualify for scenic purposes under the Internal Revenue Service's definition, it can still be supported under the definition of another permitted conservation value. From scenic.org October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 37


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Edwardsville Area The Madison County Board, Illinois Department of Natural Resources, and HeartLands Conservancy signed ƚǁŽĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƐƚŽƉƌŽƚĞĐƚĂƚŽƚĂůŽĨϱϮĂĐƌĞƐŝŶDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJŝŶϮϬϬϰĂŶĚϮϬϬϴ͘,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐ ŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJǁŝůůŚŽůĚƚŚĞĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚŽĨƚŚĞƐĞƉĂƌĐĞůƐŽĨůĂŶĚƚŽƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞ͕ƌĞƐƚŽƌĞ͕ĂŶĚŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶ natural features, wetland resources, and ecological values of the property to provide wildlife habitat, maintain ǁĂƚĞƌƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ĂŶĚĐŽŶƚƌŽůǁĂƚĞƌƌƵŶŽī͘͞,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJŚĂƐďĞĞŶĂǀĞƌLJĐŽŽƉĞƌĂƟǀĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌŝŶ ĂƐƐŝƐƟŶŐDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJǁŝƚŚƚŚŝƐůŽŶŐͲƚĞƌŵĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞīŽƌƚ͘,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJ͛ƐŝŶǀŽůǀĞŵĞŶƚ ǁŝůůĞŶƐƵƌĞƚŚĂƚƚŚĞůĂŶĚŝƐĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĞĚĂƐŽƉĞŶƐƉĂĐĞĨŽƌŐĞŶĞƌĂƟŽŶƐƚŽĐŽŵĞ͕͟ƐƚĂƚĞĚDŝŬĞ&ƌƵƚŚ͕ĨŽƌŵĞƌ ^ƚŽƌŵǁĂƚĞƌŽŽƌĚŝŶĂƚŽƌĨŽƌDĂĚŝƐŽŶŽƵŶƚLJ͘ The nation behaves well if it treats the natural resources as assets which it must turn over to the next generation increased, and not impaired, in value. —Theodore Roosevelt, 1907

38 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: Willoughby Farm dŚĞŽůůŝŶƐǀŝůůĞƌĞĂWĂƌŬƐĂŶĚZĞĐƌĞĂƟŽŶŝƐƚƌŝĐƚĞŶƚĞƌĞĚŝŶƚŽĂĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚǁŝƚŚ,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐ ŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJŝŶϮϬϬϯŽŶϯϬĂĐƌĞƐŽĨǁŽŽĚĞĚůĂŶĚůŽĐĂƚĞĚŝŶŽůůŝŶƐǀŝůůĞ͘dŚĞůĂŶĚǁŝůůďĞƵƐĞĚĨŽƌĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ƉƵƌƉŽƐĞƐĂƐŽƵƚůŝŶĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŵĂƐƚĞƌƉůĂŶĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJ͘ZĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂů͕ĐŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂů͕ĂŶĚŵŽƐƚĂůůŽƚŚĞƌůĂŶĚƵƐĞƐ ĂƌĞƉƌŽŚŝďŝƚĞĚďLJƚŚĞĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚ͘,ĞĂƌƚ>ĂŶĚƐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂŶĐLJǁŝůůŵŽŶŝƚŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJŝŶƉĞƌƉĞƚƵŝƚLJ ƚŽŵĂŬĞĐĞƌƚĂŝŶƚŚĂƚƚŚĞĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶǀĂůƵĞƐĂƌĞŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶĞĚ͘dŚĞtŝůůŽƵŐŚďLJ,ĞƌŝƚĂŐĞ&ĂƌŵΘŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶ ZĞƐĞƌǀĞŝƐĂƵŶŝƋƵĞƐŝƚĞƚŚĂƚŝƐŚĞĂǀŝůLJƐĞĐůƵĚĞĚĨƌŽŵĂĚũĂĐĞŶƚƉƌŽƉĞƌƟĞƐ͘dŚŝƐƐĞĐůƵĚĞĚŶĂƚƵƌĞŝƐĐŽŶĚƵĐŝǀĞƚŽ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂůĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ͘KŶĐĞƌĞƐƚŽƌĞĚ͕ƚŚĞĨĂƌŵǁŝůůƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƚŚĞƐƚĂŶĚͲĂůŽŶĞƐƵďƐŝƐƚĞŶĐĞĨĂŵŝůLJĨĂƌŵŽĨ ƚŚĞϭϵϮϬƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞϭϵϱϬƐ͘ Willoughby Heritage Farm is more than just a piece of property. As part of the Collinsville Area Recreation District (CARD), the land has become a place where the history comes to life through historic structures, original tools, replica gardens and a restored environment. Along with the barns, farm tools and live animals, farm staff and volunteers have created over three miles of hiking trails in the woodland and prairie. From Collinsville Area Recreation District.

Photo courtesy of Bill Freeman. October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 39


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Easement Property: LeFevre Farm The LeFevre family farm, which is in Madison County between Highland and Trenton, was purchased back in September 1889 by Eugene Hoyt. Eugene’s great-granddaughter, Carol, who now resides on the east coast, sought to ensure that the legacy of this farm remained intact in perpetuity. The LeFevre farm, at 156 acres, is ŽƵƌĮƌƐƚĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚŝƐĚĞǀŽƚĞĚƐƚƌŝĐƚůLJƚŽĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞ͘LJƉůĂĐŝŶŐĂŶĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĞĂƐĞŵĞŶƚŽŶ ƚŚŝƐƉƌŽƉĞƌƚLJ͕ƚŚĞĨĂŵŝůLJŝƐĞŶƐƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞĂǀĂŝůĂďŝůŝƚLJŽĨĨĂƌŵůĂŶĚƚŽĨĞĞĚĂŶĞǀĞƌͲŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ͘ The following are general examples of the types of uses that can be allowed with a conservation easement: t Continued agricultural practices t Selective timber harvest t Construction of additional family residences, if compatible with the conservation objectives t Wildlife and aquatic restoration efforts

Photo courtesy of Allie McCreary. 40 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Appendix

County Maps Ecological Assets

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 41


42 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

Munipal Boundaries

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Streams

Rail Lines

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Bond County Ecological Assets


October, 2013

Munipal Boundaries

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Streams

MetroLink

Rail Lines

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 43

Madison County Ecological Assets


44 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

Munipal Boundaries

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Streams

Rail Lines

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Clinton County Ecological Assets


October, 2013

Munipal Boundaries

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Streams

Metro Link

Rail Lines

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 45

Monroe County Ecological Assets


46 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

Munipal Boundaries

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Streams

Rail Lines

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Randolph County Ecological Assets


October, 2013

Munipal Boundaries

Metro Link

Rail Lines

Streams

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

50 ac.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 47

St. Clair County Ecological Assets


48 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

Munipal Boundaries

Bodies of Water

500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

Natural Area Inventory Sites: Properties surveyed for the purposed of cataloging Illinois flora & fauna

Private Open Space: Private golf courses, ball fields, sportsmans’ clubs, etc.

Public Open Space - County, Municipal: County, City, and Village Parks and green spaces

Public Open Space - Non Profit, Other: conservation easements & owned lands non profits

Nature Preserves: High-quality natural areas and endangered/threatened species habitat

Public Open Space - State: Illinois or Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, MO Dept. of Conservation

Public Open Space - Federal: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Fish & Wilidlife, US Forest Service, etc.

Streams

Rail Lines

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Washington County Ecological Assets


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Appendix

County Maps Working Lands

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 49


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres 100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

50 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Bond County Working Lands


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 51

Clinton County Working Lands


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

52 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Madison County Working Lands


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 53

Monroe County Working Lands


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

54 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Randolph County Working Lands


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 55

St. Clair County Working Lands


WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚŝƐůĂŶĚǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐƚŚĞďĞƐƚĐŽŵďŝŶĂƟŽŶŽĨ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝĐĂůĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌŝƐƟĐƐĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨ ĐƌŽƉƐ͘/ƚŚĂƐƚŚĞƐŽŝůƋƵĂůŝƚLJ͕ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐƐĞĂƐŽŶ͕ĂŶĚŵŽŝƐƚƵƌĞ ƐƵƉƉůLJŶĞĞĚĞĚƚŽƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĞĚŚŝŐŚLJŝĞůĚƐŽĨĐƌŽƉƐ ǁŚĞŶƚƌĞĂƚĞĚĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞĚ͕ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐǁĂƚĞƌŵĂŶĂŐĞŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĨĂƌŵŝŶŐŵĞƚŚŽĚƐ͘WƌŝŵĞ&ĂƌŵůĂŶĚ ŵƵƐƚŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶƵƐĞĚĨŽƌƚŚĞƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶŽĨŝƌƌŝŐĂƚĞĚĐƌŽƉƐ ĂƚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞĚƵƌŝŶŐƚŚĞƚǁŽƵƉĚĂƚĞĐLJĐůĞƐƉƌŝŽƌƚŽƚŚĞ ŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĚĂƚĞ͘/ƚĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƉƵďůŝĐůLJŽǁŶĞĚůĂŶĚƐĨŽƌ ǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĂŶĂĚŽƉƚĞĚƉŽůŝĐLJƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂů ƵƐĞ͘

500 acres 100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

56 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Washington County Working Lands


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Appendix

County Maps Land Cover

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 57


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

58 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Bond County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 59

Clinton County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

60 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Madison County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 61

Monroe County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

62 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Randolph County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 63

St. Clair County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

64 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Wasington County Land Cover + Protected Open Space


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Appendix

County Maps Recreation

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 65


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

66 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Bond County Recreation Assets


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 67

Clinton County Recreation Assets


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

68 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Madison County Recreation Assets


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 69

Monroe County Recreation Assets


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

70 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

RBOdolph County Recreation Assets


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 71

St. Clair County Recreation Assets


500 acres

100 acres

50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

72 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Washington County Recreation Assets


džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

Appendix

County Maps Water Resources

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 73


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

74 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Bond County Water Resources


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 75

Clinton County Water Resources


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

76 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Madison County Water Resources


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 77

Monore County Water Resources


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

78 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Randolph County Water Resources


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

October, 2013

Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions | 79

St. Clair County Water Resources


Vegetated Wetland types include: ( Bottomland Forest ( Deep Marsh ( Perennial Wetland ( Shallow Marsh ( Wet Meadow ( Shrub-Scrub Wetland and ( Swamp Open Water Wetland includes: ( Limnetic Lake ( Littoral Lake and ( Littoral Shore as defined by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI).

500 acres

100 acres 50 ac.

džŝƐƟŶŐ'ƌĞĞŶ/ŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞƐƐĞƚƐ

80 | Green Infrastructure Part 2: Existing Conditions

October, 2013

Washington County Water Resources


Green Infrastructure - Existing Conditions