Metabolic Final Project

Page 1

Metabolic Structures

Analyzing Studio Project:

Self Sufficient Block A Farm Terrace Building in BCN


Studio Project Summary

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


ŝŶŝƟĂů ƐŬĞƚĐŚĞƐ

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ǁǁǁ͘ĚǁĐͲǁĂƚĞƌ͘ĐŽŵ

ŐƌĞĂLJǁĂƚĞƌ ƚĂŶŬ

ďŝŽŵĂƐƐ ƉůĂŶƚ

ǁĂƚĞƌ ƉƵŵƉ

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬ ĐŽŵŵŽŶŐƌŽƵŶĚĨĂƌŵ͘ŽƌŐ

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬ ŐƌĞLJǁĂƚĞƌƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ͘ŶĞƚ

ŽƉĞŶ ƐƉĂĐĞ

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ǁǁǁ͘ŵƌĐƐĐůĂƐƐ͘ĐŽŵDĐ ŽƵŐĂů! dĞdžƚϳƚŚŐƌĂĚĞƚĞdžƚϬϲϰͺϬϳϭ͘ƉĚĨ

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

ŐƌŝĚ ƚŽǁĂƌĚƐ ƐŽƵƚŚ ĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ н ĐŽŶŶĞĐƟǀŝƚLJ

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬ ϰ͘ϭ͘ďƉ͘ďůŽŐƐƉŽƚ͘ĐŽŵ

ďůĚŐ ĨŽŽƚƉƌŝŶƚ

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬ ϰ͘ďƉ͘ďůŽŐƐƉŽƚ͘ĐŽŵ

ǁĂůů ǁĂůŬŝŶŐ

KE Wd͗

ƐŽƵƌĐĞ͗ ŚƩƉ͗ͬ​ͬ ƌĞŶĞǁĂďůĞĞŶĞƌŐLJǁŽƌůĚ͘ĐŽŵ ͲďŝŽŵĂƐƐ ƉůĂŶƚ

!!!!! dŚĞ ŵĞƚĂďŽůŝƐŵ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ďƵŝůĚŝŶŐͬďůŽĐŬ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ^ĞůĨͲ^Ƶĸ" ĐŝĞŶƚ ƵŝůĚŝŶŐ ^ƚƵĚŝŽ ŝƐ ďĂƐĞĚ ŽŶ ǁĂƚĞƌ͘ tĂƚĞƌ ĂƐ Ă ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ĞůĞŵĞŶƚ ŶŽƚ ŽŶůLJ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐ ůŝĨĞ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ĂŶŝŵĂůƐ ĂŶĚ ƉůĂŶƚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƉůĂŶĞƚ͕ ďƵƚ ŝƚ ĂůƐŽ ŝƐ ĂŶ ŝŵƉŽƌ" ƚĂŶƚ ƉĂƌƚ ŽĨ ŵĂŶLJ ƐLJƐƚĞŵƐ ĂŶĚ ĐLJĐůĞƐ͘ dŚĞ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĞĚ ĚĞƐŝŐŶ ůŽŽŬƐ ƚŽ ďĂůĂŶĐĞ ŚƵŵĂŶ ďĞŝŶŐƐ ůŝǀĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƚƵƌĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ǁŽƌůĚ ǁŝƚŚ ŝƚƐ ĐŚĂŽƟĐ ĂŶĚ ƉƌŽďůĞŵĂƟĐ ƐŽĐŝĂů ŝƐƐƵĞƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ĞĐŽŶŽŵŝĐĂů ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ͘ dŽ ƐƚĂƌƚ͕ / ƚŽŽŬ ƚŚƌĞĞ ŵĂŝŶ ƌĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ŚĞůƉĞĚ ŵĞ ƚŽ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉ ƚŚŝƐ ƉƌŽũĞĐƚ͘ Ɛ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ƌĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞ͕ / Ăŵ ƚĂŬŝŶŐ ƵŶĚĞƌ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂƟŽŶ ƚŚĞ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĐLJĐůŝŶŐ͖ ĂŶĚ ƵŶĚĞƌ ŚŝƐƚŽƌ" ŝĐĂů ƌĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞ͕ / Ăŵ ƚĂŬŝŶŐ ƵŶĚĞƌ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂƟŽŶ ƚŚĞ ĨĂƌŵ ƚĞƌƌĂĐĞ ƚŚĂƚ ŵĂŶLJ ĂŶĐŝĞŶƚ ĐƵůƚƵƌĞƐ ƵƐĞĚ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ /ŶĐĂ͘ / ǁŽƵůĚ ůŝŬĞ ƚŽ ŵĂŬĞ Ă ƐƉĞĐŝĂů ĞŵƉŚĂƐŝƐ ŽŶ ůĞĂƌŶ" ŝŶŐ ĂďŽƵƚ ĂŶĐŝĞŶƚ ǁĂLJƐ ŽĨ ůŝǀŝŶŐ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ƚŚĞLJ ǁĞƌĞ ǀĞƌLJ ƐƵƐƚĂŝŶĂďůĞ ĂŶĚ ƐĞůĨͲƐƵĸĐŝĞŶƚ͘ ŶĚ ůĂƐƚ ďƵƚ ŶŽƚ ůĞĂƐƚ͕ / ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚ ĐƵƌƌĞŶƚ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚ ǁŝůů ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞ ƚŚĞ ŝĚĞĂ ŽĨ ƌĞĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ͚ǁĂƚĞƌ ĐLJĐůŝŶŐ͛ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞ ƉƌŽ" ǀŝĚĞ ĞŶĞƌŐLJ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ŝƚ͘ hŶĚĞƌ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƚƵƌĂů ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂƟŽŶ͕ ŝƚ ŝƐ ďĞĞŶ ŬŶŽǁŶ ƚŚĂƚ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĐLJĐůĞƐ ŶĂƚƵƌĂůůLJ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ĂŶ ŝŶĮŶŝƚĞ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ͘ dŚŝƐ ƐŝŵŝůĂƌ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ͕ ƵƐŝŶŐ ĐƵƌƌĞŶƚ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ͕ ǁŝůů ŝŵŝƚĂƚĞ ƚŚĞ ďĞŶĞĮƚ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŝŶŚĂďŝƚĂŶƚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ďůŽĐŬ͘ dŚĞ ĨĂƌŵ ƚĞƌƌĂĐĞ ǁŝůů ǁŽƌŬ ƉĞƌĨĞĐƚůLJ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƐĞŶƐĞ ƚŚĂƚ ǁĂƚĞƌ ǁŝůů ĨŽůůŽǁ Ă ĚĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĂƚĞ ƉĂƚŚ ǁŚĞƌĞ ǁĂƚĞƌ ĐLJ" ĐůŝŶŐ ǁŝůů ďĞ ĂƉƉƌĞĐŝĂƚĞĚ ĂŶĚ ŶŽƟĐĞĂďůĞ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƚŚĞ ŵĞƚĂďŽůŝƐŵ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ďƵŝůĚŝŶŐ͘ dŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƚŚŝƐ͕ ƌĞŵĂŝŶƐ ĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞ ĨĂƌŵƐ ǁŝůů ďĞ ĐŽůůĞĐƚĞĚ ĂŶĚ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞĚ ƚŚĞƌĞĂŌĞƌ ƚŽ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ĞŶĞƌŐLJ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚ ƚŚĞ ďƵŝůĚŝŶŐ͘

ƵƐĞ ĨŽƌ ƌĞĐLJĐůĞĚ ǁĂƚĞƌ

# K #

Student: Hugo Carvallo


E1: Fractal Analysis

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


Proposing sensor/meters that will provide real Cme informaCon to residents on their energy usage allowing them to make personal adjustments to save money water, and energy. The potable water consumpCon is esCmated to be 40 % less than tradiConal developments. High performance water fixtures and appliances such as water efficient dishwashers, washing machines, dual flush toilets, faucets and shower that save water without sacrificing personal comfort.

Selected materials, tools and products will feature the enCre project to reduce cancer related illness and to ensure a good health to its inhabitants. The development will treat 100% of its sewage on site and use the treated water for flushing toilets, landscape irrigaCon and water features. Storm water will be treated through farm terraces [green roofs] and flow via a series of connected naturalized creeks and waterways. Also, alternaCve transportaCon will reduce one’s reliance on the automobile. A new car share program will be offered on site altogether with the bicing system.

Social Equity The project tends to meet the basic needs for food, shelter, educaCon, work, income, and safe living and working condiCons. The building is designed to foster social interacCon with the interposing of floors and mezzanines, community connecCvity with the surroundings, and connecCons with natural spaces such as farms and green areas.

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


E2: Project InterrelaCon to Outside MaZers

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


D ƌĐŚ͘ ĐĂŶĚŝƚĂƚĞ Ăƚ /ĂĂ Ͳϭϭ ƌĐŚ͘ Ăƚ h^ ͘^͘ ƌĐŚ͘ Ăƚ

&ĂĐƵůƚLJ͗ sŝĐĞŶƚĞ 'ƵĂůůĂƌƚ н ZŽĚƌŝŐŽ ZƵďŝŽ

,ƵŐŽ ĂƌǀĂůůŽ

ďLJ͗

Water from rain + underground

Water provided by the city

Possible energy Back to the grid

dŚĞ ĐƵƌƌĞŶƚ ƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ ĚĞŵĂŶĚ ƐŚŽǁƐ ƚŚĂƚ͗ Ge\ng rid of its Own ϲϭй ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ǁĂƚĞƌ ŐŽĞƐ ƚŽ ĚŽŵĞƐƟĐ ĐŽŶƐƵŵƉƟŽŶ food Ϯϯй ƚŽ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂů ĂĐƟǀŝƟĞƐ ĂŶĚ own + external producCon ϭϲй ƚŽ ĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĞ͘ wastes tŝƚŚŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƌĞŐŝŽŶ͕ ƵƌďĂŶ ĐŽŶƐƵŵƉƟŽŶ ĂƉƉĞĂƌƐ ƚŽ ďĞ ĚĞĐůŝŶŝŶŐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŝƚLJ ŽĨ ĂƌĐĞůŽŶĂ ĂŶĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞ ŵƵŶŝĐŝƉĂůŝƟĞƐ ;ĚƵĞ ƚŽ ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂů ƐŚŝŌƐͿ ĂŶĚ ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐ ƌĂƉŝĚůLJ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƉĞƌŝƉŚ! ĞƌLJ͘

ǁĂƚĞƌ

ĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚĂů ŽĂƌĚ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ DĞƚƌŽƉŽůŝƚĂŶ ƌĞĂ ŽĨ ĂƌĐĞůŽŶĂ͕ ƚŽĚĂLJ͛Ɛ ĂƌĐĞůŽŶĂ ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ ĐŽŶƐƵŵĞƐ ĂƉƉƌŽdž͘ ϭϭϭ͘ϰ ůŝƚ! ƚĞƌƐ ŽĨ ǁĂƚĞƌ Ă ĚĂLJ ǀĞƌƐƵƐ ƚŚĞ ĂůŵŽƐƚ ϭϭϱ ůŝƩĞƌƐ Ă ĚĂLJ ƐƉĞŶƚ ϯ LJĞĂƌƐ ĂŐŽ͘

ďůŽĐŬ

dŚŝƐ ŵĞĂŶƐ Ă ƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ŽĨ ϯй͘

ƐƵƌŐĞ ƚĂŶŬ ͬ ƵŶĚĞƌŐƌŽƵŶĚ ǁĂƚĞƌ ƉƵŵƉ

ŚƵŵĂŶ ĐŽŶƐƵŵĞ ͬ ƵƐĞ

ƉƉƌŽdž͘ ƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶ ƉĞƌ ďůŽĐŬ ϭϬϬϬ ƉĞŽƉůĞ͘ >ŝƩĞƌƐ ƉĞƌ ƉĞƌƐŽŶ ŝŶ ďůŽĐŬ ϭϭϭ͘ϰ dž ϭϬϬϬ с ϭϭϭ͕ϰϬϬ ůͬĚ ƐƟŵĂƚĞ ĐŽŶƐƵŵĞ ŝŶ ŽƵƌ ďůŽĐŬ ϰϬй ŽĨ ϭϭϭ͕ϰϬϬ ůͬĚ с ϰϰ͕ϱϲϬ ůͬĚ

ĨĂƌŵ ƚĞƌƌĂĐĞ h/> /E' D d K>/^D

ůĞŌŽǀĞƌ н/ And possible trash ƌĞŵĂŝŶƐ

ŐƌĞLJǁĂƚĞƌ ƉůĂŶƚ

!""

$%&$$ Z^Ϯ Ͳ ^ĞůĨͲ^ƵĸĐŝĞŶƚ ƵŝůĚŝŶŐ

# ΀Z ΁ ĐLJĐůŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ĐLJĐůĞ

!"#$%&'(

ĐŝƚLJ н ƌĂŝŶ н ƵŶĚĞƌŐƌŽƵŶĚ

It generates its own energy to power the greywater plant and building

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

ďŝŽŵĂƐƐ ƉůĂŶƚ

ĞdžƚĞƌŶĂů / And possible ƌĞŵĂŝŶƐ trash Student: Hugo Carvallo


E3: Building DeconstrucCon

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


Farm terraces Primary structural beam

Concrete slab Structural cable

Core Design for Reuse Design for Remanufacturing Design for Recycling Design for Maintenance

Columns Trusses

Site extension

Source: Green_Transformable_ Buildings.pdf (page 14)

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


E4: LEED Sustainable Sites

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


For Sustainable Sites, the project will follow the given LEED steps: -­‐Preserve and/or relocated exisCng tress. -­‐Bioswale will help to the remove polluCon due to water run-­‐off -­‐The site is also connected to its community, having the main services in a close radius that includes schools, restaurants, pharmacies, stores, supermarkets, bus, metro and bicing staCons. -­‐As alternaCve transportaCon bicing and private bicycles, the project will offer bicycle storage areas, changing rooms, and showers. -­‐Also, a car sharing program is proposed in the project. The parking will be exclusively for these electric cars. -­‐The project tends to maximize open spaces through its farm terraces and green areas, that it will be composed by adapCve and naCve plant. This point will also help to help to reduce the heat island effect. -­‐Pervious surfaces will allow to filter and reduce water run-­‐off to the ground. These materials also will have a high SRI (Solar Reflect Index). -­‐During night, the necessary lights will be working to reduce disrupCon and light polluCon.

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

bioswale Source: www.sbprojectcleanwater.org

Student: Hugo Carvallo


E5: Water Flow Analysis

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


The current structure demand shows that: 61% of the water goes to domesCc consumpCon 23% to industrial acCviCes and 16% to agriculture. Within the region, urban consumpCon appears to be declining in the city of Barcelona and in the immediate municipaliCes (due to populaCon and industrial shihs) and growing rapidly in the periphery. According to the Environmental Board for the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona, today’s Barcelona resident consumes approx. 111.4 liZers of water a day versus the almost 115 liZers a day spent 3 years ago. This means a reducCon of 3%. Also, with the current technology, the use of the greywater plant, new waterless devices, and the consciousness of its inhabitants towards the water use, it is expected to save up to 30% of water every day.

Approx. populaCon per block LiZers per person in block EsCmate consume in the self-­‐sufficient block

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

1,000 people. 111.4 x 1,000 = 111,400 l/d 30% of 111,400 l/d = 77,980 l/d

Student: Hugo Carvallo


E6: Material Flow Analysis_Biomass

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


The biomass power systems will burn biological materials and biodegradable waste to produce energy. The lehovers accumulated from the block’s farm terraces and from neighboring blocks [external sources] will not only help to generate green energy the greywater plant [to recycle water back to human use], and therefore to the rest of the building, but it also will contribute to the reducCon of waste directed to landfills and thus lowering environmental contaminaCon. These biomass systems will be used to generate energy and also as compost source for the building’s farms. With newer technology, and more advanced systems it will be also possible to burn any type of waste, “many promising products entering the market that reportedly can burn almost anything, even trash, and can produce power that passes emissions standards.” (*Montoya, 88).

Source: dockside-­‐green * Green building fundamentals: pracCcconstrucCon pracCces and the LEED systemal guide to understanding and applying fundamental sustainable

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo


FIN

Faculty: CrisCna Sendra

Student: Hugo Carvallo