CCP: Global Operating Environment

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+ Craig Heidrich, ADAA, Australia Hans-Joachim Feuerborn, ECOBA, Europe

Coal Combustion Products: Global Operating Environment


+

World Wide Coal Combustion Products Network

www.wwccpn.net


+

Why we exist… n  Stimulate

sharing/transfer of technical information;

n  Co-operate

internationally for harmonization of appropriate codes, specifications and guides;

n  Promote

internationally consistent appropriate regulations; and

n  Facilitate

awareness and understanding of the environmental, economic, engineering, manufacturing and societal benefits derived from use of CCPs.


+ Focus for presentation

n  Globally n  Setting

the scene n  Coal resources, future demand for coal energy changing/increasing n  CCPs production and utilisation n  Supply/Demand gaps n  Utilisation pathways n  Changed

paradigms n  CCPs globally traded commodity n  Legal uncertainty and impacts on investment


+

Climate Spectrum…


+

China and India decline will save climate… n

Coal power under development worldwide in decline.

n

Restrictive measures by China’s central government

n

India funding crisis stranded projects

n

Coal power pipeline, retirements growing

n

To achieve (CoP) climate goals, ending new coal plant construction + retiring existing plant critical


+

Energy demand‌


+

Energy by type, share

Source: IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2016


+

‌capacity has grown


+

Climate agreements….

Source: http://unfccc.int/2860.php


+ Focus for presentation

n  Globally n  Setting

the scene n  Coal resources, future demand for coal energy changing/increasing n  CCPs production and utilisation n  Supply/Demand gaps n  Utilisation pathways n  Changed

paradigms n  CCPs globally traded commodity n  Legal uncertainty and impacts on investment


+

Global hard coal and lignite reserves

Source EURACOAL: Coal Industry


+

World traded coal flows in 2016

Source EURACOAL: Total Coal Trade


+

Sources of CCPs…


+ Focus for presentation

n  Globally n  Setting

the scene n  Coal resources, future demand for coal energy changing/increasing n  CCPs production and utilisation n  Supply/Demand gaps n  Utilisation pathways n  Changed

paradigms n  CCPs globally traded commodity n  Legal uncertainty and impacts on investment


+

Utilisation by Region….(2011) CCPs Production (Mt)

CCPs Utilisation (Mt)

Utilisation Rate %

CCPs Production/ person (t)

CCPs Utilisation/ person (Mt)

Australia

13.1

6

45.8%

0.60

0.273

Canada

6.8

2.3

33.8%

0.20

0.068

China

395

265

67.1%

0.29

0.196

Europe (EU)

52.6

47.8

90.9%

0.11

0.096

India

105

14.5

13.8%

0.09

0.012

Japan

11.1

10.7

96.4%

0.09

0.084

Middle East & Africa

32.2

3.4

10.6%

0.02

0.002

United States of America

118

49.7

42.1%

0.37

0.155

Other Asia

16.7

11.1

66.5%

0.05

0.036

Russian Federation

26.6

5

18.8%

0.19

0.036

777.1

415.5

53.1%

Country/Region


+

Utilisation by Region….(2015) CCPs Production (Mt)

CCPs Utilisation (Mt)

Utilisation Rate %

CCPs Production/ person (t)

CCPs Utilisation/ person (Mt)

Australia

12.2

4.8

39.7%

0.50

0.200

Canada

6.2

1.7

27.4%

0.17

0.047

China

565

396

70.1%

0.41

0.287

Europe (EU)

105

47.5

45.2%

0.21

0.094

India

240

135

56.3%

0.18

0.102

Japan

12.6

12.2

96.8%

0.10

0.097

Middle East & Africa

33.3

4.4

13.2%

0.02

0.003

United States of America

117

61

52.1%

0.36

0.188

Other Asia

25.3

19.5

77.1%

0.02

0.018

Russian Federation

26.6

5

18.8%

0.19

0.035

Totals (2015)

1143.2

687.1

60.1%

Totals (2011)

771.1

415.5

53.8%

Change

372.1

271.6

6.3%

Country/Region


+

Global trade grows


+

CCP share of global trade ?

ZAG INTERNATIONAL at ASHTRANS 2015, Copenhagen, DK


+

Global Trade changes 2010 n

More than 3.5 mts of CCPs traded globally or cross border

n

Generated over USD $101 million

n

n

2015 n

More than 5 mts of CCPs traded globally or cross border

n

6 countries reporting trade of CCPs, only 4 countries were able to determine value attributable for these transactions

Generated over USD $123.9 million

n

8 countries reporting trade of CCPs across 9 different HS Codes

The long-term trend in trade and value are both increasing

n

The long-term trend in trade to increase


+

Barriers to CCP trade… Fly Ash n

Globally traded ~ 5 mtpa

n

Supplied locally and regionally (silo to silo).. Bulker bag for longer distances

n

n

n

Granulated Blast Furnace Slag n

Globally traded ~ 22 mtpa

n

Moved in bulk globally

n

Challenging to handle – requires silos & self discharging vessels

Easy to handle outdoor storage until processed

n

HS classification as waste material – restrictive permitting

HS classification clear and unambiguous (product)

n

Consistent & dedicated manufacturing process

Inconsistent processing and dependent on coal sources


+ Focus for presentation

n  Globally n  Setting

the scene n  Coal resources, future demand for coal energy changing/increasing n  CCPs production and utilisation n  Supply/Demand gaps n  Utilisation pathways n  Changed

paradigms n  CCPs globally traded commodity n  Legal uncertainty and impacts on investment


+

Supply & distro gap(s) ‌


+

Resource recovery growing‌


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Opportunities to exploit n Investment

required for Graded and Ungraded material capability

n Where ‘fit

for purpose’ Ungraded materials capability needs to be exploited through focused research

n Dam

stored Ungraded materials exploited through focused research


+

Thank you, we welcome any questions you may have.