Hawaii Filipino Chronicle - June 2, 2018

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JUNE 2, 2018


Palad: Career in Art Has No Rulebook


Florida’s Filipinos Make It Feel Like Hawaii


Loans to Farmers Impacted By Kilauea Eruptions



Is Hawaii’s Innovation Economy Ready to Take Off?


or decades politicians and the local business community have talked about having a diverse economy. One that expands the state’s traditional main economic drivers of tourism, the military, and construction. Besides gains in the state’s healthcare industry, “diversity” in the economy had been mostly wishful thinking and the “brain drain” commenced. In recent years, the slogan to promote a “diverse economy” has been replaced with a push to achieve an “innovation economy” – that sounds much more catchy, time-appropriate, and forward-thinking. Best of all, locals appear more excited about it. What is an “innovation economy” that Gov. David Ige, local businesses, and the old and new local industry players are buzzing about? In a nut shell, it embraces new ideas, high-technology, entrepreneurship, digital age careers where geographic boundaries do not exist, clean energy, biotechnology, new media and creative forms of communication, cybersecurity, and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) careers. It’s turning new knowledge in today’s new economy into viable means of earning a good living. Among the attractive goals of this new movement is reversing the “brain-drain,” keeping our best and brightest, bringing back home our best and brightest, and attracting the world’s best and brightest to make Hawaii home where good, high-paying jobs are available. This innovation economy movement is in the early stages but appears to be gaining traction. A Hawaii state website cites a 2015 report that ranked Hawaii 12th in the nation for startup growth. Startup accelerators and business incubators are popping up in the state. And the crown jewel of this movement just broke ground, the beginning construction of the Entrepreneurs Sandbox facility in Kakaako (to be completed in 2019). It’s envisioned to be the ignition point for an Innovation Block, which will eventually incubate and house Hawaii’s tech industry. Luis Salaveria, Director of the State’s Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) has been playing an integral role in the fruition of the Entrepreneurs Sandbox as well as helping to “reengineer” Hawaii’s economy into an innovation economy. Some other projects he has worked on toward this end: VERGE Energy Conference (a public-private initiative to building clean energy and emerging technologies), Hawaii State Trade Expansion Program (designed to help small businesses increase their exports), and Creative Lab Hawaii (a media, music, fashion design accelerator to increase creative entrepreneurship), to name a few. He has more than 20 years of public and private sector experience, holding leadership positions along the way. What’s also impressive is his volunteer work in the community. He currently serves as treasurer and sits on the Board of Directors for the Filipino Community Center. His leadership style matches well with the State’s pursuit of an innovation economy because he emphasizes collaboration. He describes his leadership “as strategic, visionary and collaborative, where my goal is to move people towards a new set of shared outcomes. With my team, I prefer to set people free to innovate, experiment, and take calculated risks to achieve a common goal.” Salaveria is truly working to make a difference in our community and State. We wish him, DBEDT, and all the ma-



lready this year we’ve featured in cover stories remarkable Filipino-Americans who are contributing immensely to the betterment of our state. For our cover story this issue, we have yet another mover-and-shaker working in the highest echelon of state government, Luis Salaveria, Director of the State of Hawaii’s Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT). Associate cditor Edwin Quinabo writes about Salaveria and his part in helping to reengineer Hawaii into a thriving innovation economy. Gov. David Ige’s administration is big on this innovation movement which he hopes will result in more high-paying jobs and entrepreneurship in high-technology, clean energy, biotechnology, among others. Basically, new careers are constantly being created in the digital age and the state wants to help Hawaii residents capitalize on opportunities. Salaveria, being the point person of DBEDT, is positioned to help the governor and top private industry leaders to accomplish this goal. Besides his work at DBEDT, the director also shares some interesting perspectives that have helped him succeed in life; as well as some of the volunteer work he does for the Filipino community. Also in this issue, we have an interview with artist Jager Palad who recently had his exhibition “Paper Thin” at the Downtown coffee spot Brue Bar. Palad, who was raised in South Florida and recently moved to Hawaii, eloquently talks about his art and life as an artist. He has a deep interpretation of art as a life expression. He says: “Art is the world, and change is the only constant. Even speaking outside the boundaries of visual art, anytime you see someone starting a new business, a new invention, a movement, chances are it has roots in some kind of truth or quality that is akin to what art is.” On to performance art, HFC columnist Emil Guillermo writes about his “Amok Monologues: All Pucked Up” show that hit the road. It is about the immigrant Filipino experience, stories of his immigrant father, and his own experiences growing up Filipino. Many Filipinos who attended in Orlando, Florida, found the show as humorous, educational, and relatable. In our news section, read the Hawaii Board of Agriculture’s approval of an Emergency Disaster Loan Program for farmers who suffered damage from the recent Kauai Flood and ongoing Hawaii Island Kilauea Eruption. Farmers could possibly get loans of up to $500,000, or microloans of up to $25,000. This could save a lot of farmers’ businesses devastated by the two natural disasters. In other news, for the first time the Philippine Navy (PN) will participate in the biennial Rim of the Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC) in Hawaii from June 26 through August 3, 2018. The Filipino community could have an opportunity to view the FF17 Andres Bonifacio and LD602 Davao del Sur on an open ship tour. To register, interested parties must call the Philippine Consulate General. We hope you enjoy this issue and thank you for supporting your community newspaper. It’s always a great privilege to report on the news that matters to our community. Until next issue, warmest Aloha and Mabuhay!

jor movers-and-shakers in the private and public sectors of this “innovation” movement, a huge success. What an achievement it would be for Hawaii to transform into an innovation hub that rivals other world-class cities where cutting edge technology, creative entrepreneurship, and high level services are a major part of their economy. And instead of a “brain drain,” we’d have high paying jobs for our children and attract the best and brightest to our state, not just for the weather, but for work.



Excessive Violence in Movies Is Harmful


n yet another community, another high school, victims fell in the hands of a mass s h o o t e r.   T h i s time, eight students and two teachers were killed at Santa Fe High School in Texas. Unlike other incidences of mass killings, the shooter didn’t use an automatic weapon or AR-15, but carried out his assault with a pistol and shotgun. Since the latest mass killings in Las Vegas and Parkland where the weapon of choice had been automatic weapons and the use of rapid-fire bump stocks, much of the attention was been on banning AR-15s and bump stocks. Now, this latest Santa Fe High School murders raise new questions and expand the scope of argument beyond automatic weapons. Besides firearms, the world has witness mass carnage by killers who have used automobiles, rented vans, even knives to commit multiple murders. The fight to ban AR-15s and bump stocks must continue in order to minimize deaths, but perhaps it’s also time for Americans, law enforcement, psychologists, sociologists, and other professionals to explore other risk factors that contribute to individuals suddenly wanting to go on a killing spree.

Culture of Violence The political right falls on the wrong side of history in their defense of automatic weapons; but they are correct that the problem is not just about guns. It’s true that American society is one of a culture of violence. There are many risk factors that contribute to the devaluation of life. Violent movies in particular desensitizes viewers to carnage. Past mass killers have reported a fascination with images of violence in popular cinema that contributed to them going on a killing spree. So, multiple risk factors when they are present – exposure to and preference for violent movies, poor mental health in dealing with life

stresses, and the fact guns are readily available – all must be addressed in stopping the violent epidemic plaguing our country. Addressing mental health and adopting tougher gun control are parts of the solution. But the glamorization of violence in movies has gone ignored. A Common Sense Media study shows 90 percent of movies and 60 percent of TV programs show some depictions of violence. Kids 8 and under watch an average of 1 hour and 40 minutes of TV a day; older kids watch an average of 4 hours daily. That’s a lot of exposure to violence. When a child becomes a legal adult, they would have seen 16,000 assassinations and 200,000 acts of violence on television. Not to mention the fact that many children who do not have solid real-life role models look to fantasy TV characters to identify with and imitate. Studies show with both preschool and school-aged children, they are more likely to imitate the violence they see on screen if someone they see as a “good guy” is using violence to solve a problem, especially if there are no realistic consequences for the violence. A new study published in Pediatrics, the medical journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), found that viewing shows in which cooperation and empathy are emphasized (instead of shows that demonstrate aggression) can improve behavior in 3- to 5-year-olds in just 6 months.

Another study published in Pediatrics found that quantity is key. Excessive TV watching in childhood and adolescence (we’re talking 3+ hours a day) is associated with an increased risk of criminal convictions and anti-social behavior in young adults. The AAP recommends no screen time for kids under 2, and no more than 1-2 hours for kids preschool age on up. Research shows that choosing appropriate TV and movies for children are something more parents ought to consider. The political left, who are closely tied to Hollywood and their veneration of freedom of speech and expression, cannot just point their fingers to the political right as being obstacles to a safer world by resistance to bans of automatic weapons. It’s hypocritical. Given the country’s violent epidemic, as a matter of common sense and responsibility, Hollywood executives and directors ought to voluntarily stop portraying power of their fictional characters to violence, guns, and killings. The political left ought to be pressuring Hollywood on this much in the way they have come out condemning the NRA. Clearly, there is no one single fac-

tor that makes a person act out violently; and violent movies cannot be solely blamed as most people who watch them do not resort to aggression. But prolonged exposure to violence in media is a risk factor, especially to youths who are more impressionable and vulnerable. Denying the link between violence and movie/TV programs as a risk factor is like denying smoking doesn’t cause cancer because not all smokers develop cancer. In a meta-analysis of 217 studies published on the topic of media and violence, psychologists George Comstock and Haejung Paik found a correlation between watching TV violence and physical aggression against another person. Another meta-analysis conducted by psychologists Craig Anderson and Brad Bushman found a statistically significant strength in the relationship between watching violent media and acts of aggression or violence later in life.

Finding solutions The scope of finding solutions to the country’s mass killings should not be relegated to a debate on gun control. Unfortunately, politics by both parties are getting in the way to adopting legislation. Why? Because it’s increasingly apparent that Americans’ freedoms such as the right to have arms and right to free speech and expression (2nd Amendment and 1st Amendment) are center to these discussions that could prevent mass shootings, which make this issue even more sensitive. But if we are serious about finding solutions, intellectual honesty suggests all risk factors must be considered. Mass killings cannot just be accepted and normalized; and quite possibly, the extent of freedom we have on guns and freedom of expression in making excessively violent movies are not normal. How much of those freedoms are Americans willing to compromise? – is where the country is at a deadlock.



Luis Salaveria: Leading DBEDT, Building An Innovation Economy By Edwin Quinabo


houghts and ideas are the first step to changing the world. When asked about what are his first and last thoughts of the day, Director of the State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) Luis Salaveria said, “I think about how I can live a life of service and how I can make the world a better place.”

This level of steady focus on his work – that compels him to think about it from the start of morning and end of night – shouldn’t come as a surprise considering the enormous responsibilities he is tasked to do as director of one of the state’s most important departments that includes 11 attached agencies. At the helm of DBEDT, Salaveria is the point-man who leads the department’s efforts in business development, research, foreign trade, even Hawaii’s creative and film industries. He works closely with Gov. David Ige, lawmakers, and private-sector leaders on big innovation ideas and how to implement them, and to position the state to be globally competitive in business. The race to the top in many ways centers on innovation. And Hawaii needs leaders like Salaveria who can think about old methods, old ways of governing, and injecting innovation and creativity to bring about better results. In a way, DBEDT, under the leadership of the governor and director Salaveria, can be seen as the brain of Hawaii’s state government entrusted with innovation.

Innovation is emphasized under Gov. Ige’s administration. He strives to build an innovation economy that combines a robust local entrepreneurship and cutting-edge high technology. The governor sees innovation as a way to reverse the “brain drain” and to create 80,000 new tech and innovation jobs earning $80,000 or more by 2030. It’s an ambitious goal for the governor and DBEDT is positioned at the front lines to help pull the state towards achieving a strong innovation economy. If you look at just a few of DBEDT’s attached agencies, you can see why. To name a few, there is the powerful Hawaii Community Development Authority (HCDA) and Hawaii Tourism Authority. Also under DBEDT’s umbrella are the High Technology Development Corporation, Land Use Commission, and Small Business Regulatory Review Board. These attached agencies foster planned community development and promotes innovation sector job growth. DBEDT is also Hawaii’s resource center for economic and statistical data, energy and conservation information.

Clearly, anyone serving as its director has a 1,001 things to do and think about. Gov. Ige selected Salaveria to head DBEDT in December 2014. The governor said of Salaveria and his other appointments selected at the time: “We are committed to finding the best and brightest in our community to serve as effective leaders in state government.” Prior to joining DBEDT, he served as the state’s deputy director of finance for the Department of Budget and Finance, from 2011 to 2014, where he assisted in the planning, design and management of the State’s annual $12 billion operational and $3 billion capital improvement budgets. He has extensive experience in the development and execution of multi-billion dollar budgets, which result in positive financial and organizational outcomes. Salaveria has more than 20 years of public and private sector experience, having worked as the finance manager for Kaiser Permanente Hawaii from 2001 to 2011, and as a budget and financial analyst with the state’s Department of Defense from

Hawaii’s DBEDT Director Luis Salaveria

1997 to 2001. As fate would have it, Salaveria interned at DBEDT in 1992; and decades later, he is leading it now. Even he couldn’t have imagined coming full circle back then. So what did the young Luis think he’d be doing as an adult? “As a child I was interested in everything, so it’s funny that I ended up in a role that encompasses so many different areas. I never envisioned myself working for government, but being involved in public policy is very rewarding,” he said. His varied interests continues today. While he’s a numbers, balance-budgeting expert and policy innovator, he appreciates Michelangelo, the renowned Italian sculptor, painter and architect, who is known as one of history’s greatest renaissance man, someone whose genius spanned multiple disciplines. Salaveria considers Michelangelo his role model; and he quotes the great artist who once said: “The greater danger for most of us lies not in setting our aim too high and falling short, but in setting our aim too low, and

achieving our mark.” In other words, being highly ambitious is something Salaveria holds great value in – evidently, based on his accomplishments for himself and the state. It’s not just about setting goals high, but being strong and bold to achieve those goals. He says he also draws inspiration in his personal and professional life in the Latin proverb, “Fortuna Fortes Adiuvat,” which literally means “Fortune Favors the Brave.” A more accurate description is “It is only the strong ones that Fortuna (Roman Goddess) comes to save.” The map in Salaveria’s mind also shows interest in contemporary great thinkers. The latest book he read is Don Miguel Ruiz’s “The Four Agreements: A Practical Guide to Personal Freedom.” Ruiz is one of the bestselling authors in the genre of self help, spirituality, and wisdom, on a par with similar authors Wayne Dyer, Deepak Chopra, and Eckhart Tolle. Ruiz’s Four Agreement talks about the codes of conduct that lead to true freedom, happiness, and love. (continue on page 5)


COVER STORY (from page 4)

Governance, at least by way of a good leader, ought to draw from the collective intelligence of great minds in the past and present, and from disciplines outside of just government, as Salaveria does. He said at a VERGE Energy Conference (VERGE Hawaii is a public-private project committed to building clean energy and emerging technologies): “Governance is the way that rules, norms and actions are structured, regulated, and people are held accountable. And it`s not quite as easy as it may seem. I mean, just take a look at what`s happening nationally and even internationally. But you know what? In many ways, governance is how things get done…” VERGE Hawaii and the state’s role in creating sustainable energy for the future ranks high in importance to Salaveria. He commented on energy at a VERGE conference, “And now, people all over the world are starting to wake up, and they`re starting to rise up. We`re now, beginning to embrace the idea that we got to change our current path, or that we will fall victim to what is widely known as the tragedy of the commons, the idea that we have got to stop acting independently, and protect and manage our resources, because if we fail, we all fail. “And yes, I said resource, because you know at the end of the day, there`s really only one resource that counts. So, momentum, and history, will be on the side that chooses to protect that resource.” VERGE Hawaii is one of Salaveria’s top priorities. Other priorities he mentions include: 1. Entrepreneurs Sandbox – groundbreaking. Construction started on the Hawaii Technology Development Corporation’s (HTDC) Entrepreneurs Sandbox facility in Kakaako. Scheduled to be completed in 2019, it will be an innovation (that buzz word again) cen-

ter where everyone can bring ideas to life and learn to build projects and develop creative media. It’s envisioned to be the ignition point for an Innovation Block, which will eventually incubate and house Hawaii’s tech industry. “HTDC is an economic driver, and this project will position Hawaii to become an innovation hub in our global community. The Entrepreneurs’ Sandbox will be the point of the spear for additional economic achievements. It’s the beginning of the Innovation Block; the place that will be the home for innovation in our state for years to come,” said Salaveria. St a t e   S e n a t o r   G l e n n Wakai, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Economic Development, Tourism and Technology, has been working closely with Luis for the past six years, including on the Sandbox project. “Director Salaveria is knowledgeable, honest, and collaborative. He works well with others to achieve a public benefit. He understands the complexities of economic development for various industries and moves the needle on all fronts. I really admire his passion to push forward with creating an innovative economy and giving our keiki the opportunity to use their imagination as their personal currency.” Sen. Wakai said of the Sandbox project: ““Brick and mortar office space for a headquarters is an expectation of the past. Hawaii needs to reduce expenses and increase flexibility by providing budding entrepreneurs with a one-stop shop for growth. If we can bring great minds together, fertilize them with shared business development services, we can re-engineer our economy. The world’s future problems will be solved by teams, not by individuals. The Sandbox is a facility to bring teams together.” Another strong believer of innovation as key to building Hawaii’s economy is Todd Nacapuy, Chief In-

formation Officer for the Office of Enterprise Technology Services. “Luis is intelligent and has the in-depth knowledge to lead the Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism. He works hard in trying to create opportunities for people and businesses in order to diversify our economy,” said Nacapuy. “We both believe in being innovative to grow Hawaii’s economy, attract talent and create jobs.” 2. Hawaii State Trade Expansion Program (HiSTEP). DBEDT launched the 2018 Hawaii State Trade Expansion Program, an initiative designed to help Hawaii small businesses increase their exports. It is funded in part through a grant with the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). Companies can register in the program with DBEDT. 3. Navy MOU – Historic Agreement with Navy to advance clean energy opportunities. A Memorandum of Agreement/Understanding was signed by Gov. David Ige and Assistant Secretary of the Navy Dennis V. McGinn to work on energy related issues of mutual benefit. The State of Hawaii through DBEDT, and the Department of the Navy (DON) work together toward the reduction of greenhouse gases and fossil fuel usage, and to find better ways of energy efficiency, water consumption, use of renewable energy and use of alternative fueled vehicles. 4. Creative Lab Hawaii (CLH) is a media, music and fashion design accelerator that is designed to increase export, business opportunities, attract investment and build the state’s creative entrepreneurial ecosystem. “The department’s CLH program recognizes the

“I would describe my leadership style as strategic, visionary and collaborative, where my goal is to move people towards a new set of shared outcomes. With my team, I prefer to set people free to innovate, experiment, and take calculated risks to achieve a common goal.”

— Luis Salaveria,

Director of State of Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism (DBEDT) need to strengthen our local economy by identifying and opening doors of opportunity for individuals in the film and creative industries,” said Salaveria. He adds, “Creative Lab Hawaii’s growing network delivers focused business development opportunities to our creative community. We are seeing great success stories come out of our unique programs, which provide progressive mentoring to prepare individuals with the skills and tools necessary to enter the year-long accelerator program.” 5. League of Filipino Provinces MOU – Signed, Oct. 2017. The signing of a Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation between the State of Hawaii and the League of Provinces, establishing Sister-State relationships with several provinces in the Philippines. Salaveria shares some of his personal time volunteering his expertise to help the Filipino community. He has received the United Filipino Council of Hawaii (UFCH) Progress Award for Government Service. UFCH, a statewide Filipino organization, awards its Progress Award to Hawaii residents of Filipino ancestry for their excellence

and accomplishments in their field of expertise. “I currently sit on the board of directors for the FilCom Center and serve as treasurer. Growing up Filipino in the State of Hawaii - gave me a deep appreciation for supporting my community,” he said. FilCom Center’s Executive Director Franz “Donnie” Juan said, “Luis is a committed volunteer to the Filipino community. Although Luis is a busy individual leading DBEDT which involves many facets of state government, Luis is still able to provide guidance and time to our Filipino Community Center. His continued contributions to our Center are appreciated.” Luis was born and raised in Hawaii. He lived in the Philippines briefly when he was age 10 through 14. “I had all the advantages of growing up in the U.S. I remember spending summer vacations in the Philippines. As a kid, I used to call Philippine Airlines ‘Pamper Airlines’ because every time we’d go on vacation and we were at the airport, I would see boxes and boxes of pamper diapers. That’s how people would transport all the ‘pasalubong’ (gift) for everyone back home.” Luis’ mother was a teacher and his father in the U.S. (continue on page 6)



Philippine Navy to Participate in RIMPAC


he Philippine Consulate General announced that the Philippine Navy (PN) will participate in the biennial Rim of the Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC) from June 26 to August 3, 2018. The Consulate said this event is historic for the Philippines as it marks the first time our Navy will participate to the largest naval exercise in the world with 2 ships and 2 helicopters on board as well as a company of our Philippine Marines.

Part of the exercise is a simultaneous open ship of participating Navies. In this regard, the PN is inviting the Filipino Community of Ha-

waii to the Open Ship in order to showcase the PN’s developing capability and gradual transformation. Registration will start at

8:00 am, followed by tour of the two ships (FF17 Andres Bonifacio and LD602 Davao del Sur), then assembly at the helideck of LD602 for tour

and participation in the Navy’s prepared booths (Balut Challenge, Tourism, Filipino Delicacy, Static PN Capability, and Philippine Navy Band entertainment). The Commander of the Naval Task Force/Head of Mission, Commodore Toribio D Adaci will give his remarks at 5:00 pm. The Open Ship will be held on 4 July 2018 at the Joint Base Pearl-Harbor Hickam. For more information on the Open ship showcase, contact the Philippine Consulate at Tel. Nos. (808) 595-6316 to 19.

Tourists Should Know Additional Paramedics and Firefighters Eruptions Are Limited to Included in Latest 2019 City Budget Big Island


awaii tourism officials want to spread the word that the Kilauea volcanic eruptions is limited to parts of the east and south sides of the Big Island of Hawaii. There is a popular misconception that all of the state of Hawaii is affected by the eruptions which could impact tourism and businesses on other islands

unaffected by the eruptions. Kilauea, which has been an active volcano since 1983, has long been one of Hawaii’s most popular attractions. But visitors should be aware that the increase in volcanic activity has resulted in a no-fly zone over Kilauea. All of Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park has been closed to the public. All of Leilani Estates subdivision on Hawaii island remained closed.


dditional paramedics, firefighters, zoning inspectors and stream cleaners is part of the latest draft of the Honolulu City Council’s 2019 budget. The City Council set aside $44 million for the new positions included in the $2.61 billion operating budget. The full Council must approve the budget for a final vote June 6. The new fiscal year begins July 1.

State Warns of Business Report Scam


usinesses beware of a new scam. The State Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs (DCCA) Business Registration Division (BREG) warns local businesses about unofficial solicitations being sent out by Workplace Compliance Services regarding annual business report filings. Workplace Compliance Services has been sending mailings labeled “2018 – An-

nual Report Instruction Form (Hawaii Businesses)” to numerous businesses in Hawaii, with instructions to fill out the form and submit it, along with a $100 payment “We’re alerting people of this solicitation because we are extremely concerned that they could be misled by it and erroneously believe that it comes from a state agency. On the contrary, Workplace Compliance Services is not a govern-

ment agency, has no affiliation with one, and appears to use a mail drop as its company address”, said Ty Nohara, Hawaii Commissioner of Securities. The company is not registered with DCCA to conduct business in the State. BREG does not endorse or utilize the services of Workplace Compliance Services or any other third-party company to collect or file annual business reports. If you are ever

City Emergency Medical Services currently has 20 ambulance units across Oahu and recently got approval from the state Legislature for a 21st unit. The Budget Committee set aside $2.5 million for the development and staffing of two additional Department of Emergency Services units on Oahu. The committee agreed to another proposal to fund 15 new positions in the Honolulu

Fire Department. Six new housing and zoning inspector positions are being added to the Department of Planning and Permitting. The committee also restored 18 positions to the fledgling Department of Land Management, which was created through an amendment to the Honolulu City Charter by voters in the 2016 general election.

unsure about the legitimacy of a notice you receive regarding your business filings, we encourage you to email breg@ dcca.hawaii.gov or call (808) 586-2727 before responding to the notice. All businesses registered in the State can file their annual reports directly online

in the quarter that it is due. To look up your business’ annual report information online, visit: http://hbe.ehawaii. gov/annuals . For filing-related questions, visit www.businessregistrations.com, email breg@ dcca.hawaii.gov, or call (808) 586-2727.


Navy. “My parents taught me the values of dedication and hard work,” he said. His parents emphasized getting a good education. “I studied hard throughout my educational experience. I originally planned on entering the healthcare field, like every good Filipino son, but ended up enjoying the fields of finance and economics. I was very interested in finance and economics and the global impact in these areas.” He received a Bachelor’s degree in Economics with a minor in Political Science from the University of Hawaii at Manoa. With so much resting on this director’s shoulders, ef-

fective leadership cannot be overstated. He describes his leadership style “as strategic, visionary and collaborative, where my goal is to move people towards a new set of shared outcomes. With my team, I prefer to set people free to innovate, experiment, and take calculated risks to achieve a common goal,” said Salaveria. Emphasizing collaborative efforts to achieve a common goal – this sounds like a successful leadership model. If most public-private leaders pushing forward Hawaii’s innovation economy have similar leadership models as Salaveria, perhaps the state can bank on having better days ahead.



Filipino Burglary Convict Saved from Deportation by Trump Appointee By Atty. Emmanuel S. Tipon


Filipino who is a lawful permanent resident of the United States “but has not always acted lawfully,” according to Justice Kagan, because he committed two crimes of burglary in California was saved from deportation by the vote of Neil Gorsuch, President Trump’s appointee to the Supreme Court who voted with the four liberal justices. As to why Gorsuch sided with the liberals, (https://slate.

com/news-and-politics/2018/04/ why-neil-gorsuch-sided-with-theliberal-justices-in-sessions-v-dimaya.html)

The case had languished in the Supreme Court for three years because the justices had split 4-4, following Justice Scalia’s death, on whether to deport the immigrant. This case illustrates that persistence pays off even if one is a convicted felon and should serve as an example for other criminal defendants hundreds of whom are innocent but simply wilt like an unwatered flower in a vase and plead “not guilty” or “no contest” even though their case is less odious or is defensible. James Garcia Dimaya, a native and citizen of the Philippines, was admitted to the

United States in 1992 as a lawful permanent resident. In 2007 and 2009 Dimaya was convicted of first degree residential burglary under California Penal Code Section 459 and sentenced each time to two years in prison. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) filed removal proceedings against Dimaya alleging that he was removable because he had been convicted of a “crime of violence” for which the term of imprisonment was at least one year – an aggravated felony under 8 U.S.C. §1101(a) (43)(F). That statute defines a “crime of violence” by reference to 18 U.S.C. § 16, which provides: (a) an offense that has as an element the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the person or property of another, or (b) any other offense that is a felony and that, by its nature, involves a substantial risk that physical force against the person or property of another may be used in the course of committing the offense. DHS also charged that Dimaya was removable for having committed two crimes of moral turpitude, see 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(2)(A)(ii), and for having committed a “theft offense . . . or burglary offense for which the term of imprisonment [was] at least one year”—an aggravated felony under 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43) (G). Although the Immigration

Judge (IJ) agreed with DHS that Dimaya was removable on either of these two grounds, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed Dimaya’s appeal on the sole ground that he was removable for having committed a crime of violence under 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a) (43)(F). Therefore, whether the definition of a “crime of violence” under §16(b) is constitutional is the only issue. The Board concluded that “[e]ntering a dwelling with intent to commit a felony is an offense that by its nature carries a substantial risk of the use of force,” and therefore affirmed the IJ’s holding that petitioner was convicted of a crime of violence. Dimaya appealed to the Court of Appeals which reversed the Board, holding that the language of 18 U.S.C. § 16(b), which is incorporated into 8 U.S.C. §1101(a)(43)(F)’s definition of a “crime of violence” was unconstitutionally vague. The Court of Appeals held that § 16(b)’s language suffers from the same “indeterminacy” that the Supreme Court found in the Armed Career Criminal Act’s (ACCA) “residual clause” definition of a violent felony in Johnson v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 255 (2015). (https:// www.google.com/search?q=wjohnson+v+United+statess&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b-1)

The Supreme Court affirmed, holding that § 16(b)’s residual clause - a felony and


Fil-Am Bruno Mars Comes to Hawaii


ilipino American and pop music sensation Bruno Mars will be coming to Hawaii for a concert at the Aloha Stadium on November 10, 2018. Tickets will go on sale as early as June 9, with prices ranging from $49.50 to $125. The Hawaii native sold out three shows at Blaisdell Arena in April 2014, and his profile has only grown since, including winning six Grammys at this year’s ceremony, bringing his career total to 11. He brings his 24K Magic World Tour to Honolulu after more than 135 performances around the world. Rapper Cardi B has been his opening act on recent dates, but she announced last month that she is pregnant. Opening acts on his Hawaii date will be The Green and Common Kings.

that, by its nature, involves a substantial risk that physical force against the person or property of another may be used in the course of committing the offense – is unconstitutionally vague. The Court explained that the combination of “indeterminacy about how to measure the risk posed by a crime [and] indeterminacy about how much risk it takes for the crime to qualify as a violent felony,” resulted in “more unpredictability and arbitrariness than the Due Process Clause tolerates.” The Court explained that §16(b) calls for a court to identify a crime’s “ordinary case” in order to measure the crime’s risk but “offers no reliable way” to discern what the ordinary version of any offense looks like. And its “substantial risk” thresh¬old is no more determinate than ACCA’s “serious potential risk” standard. Thus, the same “[t]wo features” that “conspire[d] to make” ACCA’s residual clause unconstitutionally vague also exist in §16(b), with the same result. “The prohibition of vagueness in criminal statutes,” is an “essential” of due process, required by both “ordinary notions of fair play and the settled rules of law.” The void-

for-vagueness doctrine guarantees that ordinary people have “fair no¬tice” of the conduct a statute proscribes. And the doctrine “guards against arbitrary or discriminatory law enforce¬ment by insisting that a statute provide standards to govern the actions of police officers, prosecutors, juries, and judges.” The court rejected the government’s argument that even a law too vague to support a conviction may be good enough to sustain a deportation order. The court pointed out that “the most exacting vague¬ness standard should apply in removal cases.” The Court recalled that in Jordan v. De George, 341 U. S. 223, 229 (1951), it had considered whether a provision of immigration law making an alien deportable if convicted of a “crime involving moral turpitude” was “sufficiently defi¬nite.” That provision is not a criminal statute” (as §16(b) actually is) but the Supreme Court chose to test (and ultimately uphold) it “under the established criteria of the ‘void for vagueness’ doctrine” applicable to criminal laws. That approach was demanded “in view of the grave nature of deportation,” (continue on page 10)



Jager Palad: A Career Making Art Has No Rulebook By HFC Staff


rtist Jager Palad, along with Nicole Dikon, recently had their work displayed in an exhibition at the popular Downtown coffee spot Brue Bar. The exhibit, called “Paper Thin,” focused on the materiality of paper as it relates to printmaking, painting and collage. Palad agreed to a Q&A with the Filipino Chronicle in which he eloquently talks about his art, his life as an artist, and art as an expression found all around us, not just visual art displayed at select venue-spaces. Palad was born in Baltimore, Maryland, raised in South Florida, and recently moved to Hawaii. He studied printmaking, painting, and drawing at the University of Central Florida in Orlando.

He is a member of the Honolulu Printmakers and has a studio space, Kaka’ako at Lana Lane Studios. HFC: Congratulations on your exhibit at Brue Bar. How did that come about? How is it going? PALAD: Thank you! I was approached, along with Nicole Dikon who is part of the show, by Duncan Dempster of the Honolulu Printmakers. They have a history of exhibitions at Brue Bar. HFC: How do artists get their work exhibited? PALAD: Any way they can! Most of it is research, seeing which businesses or spaces are interested in having exhibitions and approaching them in some way to see if they are interested in what the artist has to say and show. Sometimes, less often, the artist is asked to do a show, in

which networking and marketing beforehand really pays off. HFC: Art and marketing go hand-in-hand to make it in the industry. To succeed, how much of it is talent and how much is marketing/networking? PALAD: Equal amounts, I believe. Creating the work and making sure it has quality is essential, but the ability and drive to get it out there and have it be seen is just as important, and the root of that is being able and willing to speak eloquently about the work. You have to be willing to work with people and learn about those around you or else the work begins to suffer. HFC: Can you describe your art style? PALAD: In a way, yes. Style of one’s work is a tricky thing. It used to be a way to

distinguish a kind of belonging between groups, such as realistic and abstract, and in the past the lines were clear. Nowadays, especially with social media that allows anyone to be influenced by anything instantaneously, the lines become blurred. My work at the Brue Bar is defi-

nitely considered abstract, salvaged, even somewhat urban, but a few pieces also point to surreal and representational. I think the greatest part of discussing style is how many titles you can pile up in the conversation. (continue on page 9)



(from page 8)

truth and quality in life is revealed through artwork.

HFC: What is your art saying to audiences? What do you try to convey through your art? PALAD: The current work at Brue Bar, Paper Thin, is a show designed by myself and Nicole Dikon to specifically bring attention to all the possibilities of work on paper. We both want the viewer to see there is no rulebook to making quality work, that a tear, fold or cutout can be equally as important as a line or color. Essentially, the root is rebelliousness. In order to have artwork that means something, one must be willing to question all the preconceptions and face the answers; only then can things be original, honest, and real.

sual art the same way I played the drums. Once I graduated, I moved to Tupelo, Mississippi where a former professor of mine and master printmaker, painter and sculptor by the name of Ke Francis had a printing studio called Hoopsnake Press. I made my work beside him for a couple years before moving to Honolulu.

HFC: Tell us about your art training and background. PALAD: I began creating artwork in my sophomore year of college at University of Central Florida. Before that, I played music, specializing in percussion. I found that making artwork was, for me, an evolution, in that I made vi-

HFC: What is your personal goal as an artist? PALAD: To keep making and showing! Making a career out of making art has no rulebook, so it makes it somewhat difficult or even counterintuitive to have strict goals. Any goal I manage to achieve won’t ever stop me from con-

tinuing to do exactly what I’m doing now. HFC: Describe Hawaii’s art scene. PALAD: I honestly don’t feel I have put in enough time on the island to answer that. I think one has to be living and doing shows for at least a few years before having a tangible feel on the pulse of things, and I have only been here for the past 8 months. I do know there are disadvantages in being so far away from the continent, but there are also so many passionate artists and art enthusiasts here that it is never boring. I have been here for Contact, an exhibit focusing on the reality of this

land in relation to the power dynamics of its history. I have been here for Pow Wow, a mural movement focusing on beautifying the streets to challenge the assumption of gallery art. I have been here for the print show at the Honolulu Museum of Art School which combined contemporary approaches to traditional methods of printmaking… I think contemplating these events gives one an idea of Hawaii’s art scene. HFC: Why do you pursue art? What does art mean to you? PALAD: Because I believe in it! I believe in the power of visual art, and that

HFC: Artists are known to hold other jobs/careers in addition to doing their art. How do you reconcile the two: leaving time to practical pursuits that pay the bills and living out your passion as an artist? PALAD: I don’t really believe I have a passion for making my work anymore; it is much more than that. I couldn’t stop if I tried, and I don’t wait for inspiration. There is something about creating work that needs to happen in my life, alongside eating and drinking. Because of that, there isn’t any difficulty in finding time to make work, because I’m always willing to make time. As far as other jobs to “pay the bills,” I have enough experience in that I have little difficulty in getting by. I think my work ethic for art spawned out of working odd jobs at least part time since I was around 15 years old. I’ve worked in every job (continue on page 10)



Philippines, China Draw ‘Red Lines’ in South China Sea Dispute

By Patricia Lourdes Viray Tuesday, May 29, 2018


ANILA, Philippines — Both the Philippines and China have identified actions that would be deemed unacceptable in the South China Sea, the

Philippines’ top diplomat said Monday. Foreign Affairs Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano said that the Philippines has informed China of some “red lines” over the disputed waterway. The Philippines also warned China against attempting to remove the BRP Sierra Madre, a Philippine Navy ship

(Q & A: JAGER PALAD....from page 9)

you can think of in a restaurant, building and fixing bicycles as a mechanic, stocked shelves in a plethora of department stores, worked in special events, driven in a taxi service, landscaped, been a construction worker. Anytime I need a job to make things easier, I always approach it with a good attitude and an eagerness to learn a new thing. Ironically, the more I work, the more artwork I find myself making, as if one feeds off the other. HFC: How is art changing the world? PALAD: Art is the world, and change is the only constant. Even speaking outside the boundaries of visual art, anytime you see someone starting a new business, a new invention, a movement, chances are it has roots in some kind of truth or quality that is akin to what art is. The same person who sees something in a print or painting that makes them stop and

stare, tomorrow will find the courage to do something they wouldn’t have otherwise. HFC: Currently, what are the most popular styles of art? PALAD: I think that depends on where you are. I do think there is a strong vitality to art dealing with social issues at the moment, with what is happening in the world and in this country. HFC: Which artist inspired you the most? PALAD: What a difficult question! I don’t think there was a single artist that inspired the most, because every artist has their own thing they bring to the table that makes you want to seek out other artists. Some of my contemporary favorites are Mark Bradford, Leonardo Drew, Wangechi Mutu, Banksy, Dieter Roth, and Barbara Kruger while some older favorites are Leonardo Da Vinci and Francisco de Goya.

anchored near Second Thomas or Ayungin Shoal in the West Philippine Sea.”What is our red line? Our red line is that they cannot build on Scarborough [Shoal],” Cayetano in Filipino said during a flag-raising ceremony at the Department of Foreign Affairs. According to Cayetano, Beijing is also not supposed to harass Filipino soldiers resupplying or repairing Manila-controlled features in the West Philippine Sea. “Another red line for is: Nobody can get natural resources there on their own,” Cayetano said. If China breaks these conditions, President Rodrigo Duterte would be willing to wage war against Beijing. “That’s what the president said. If anyone gets the natural resources in the West Philippine Sea-South China Sea, he will go to war. He said: ‘Bahala na.’ He will go to war. So those were our red lines,” Cayetano said. Duterte has been consistent on his position that he does not want to go to war against China.

China’s ‘red line’ China, meanwhile, also set its “red line” with the Philippines such as following Section 5 of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, which states that uninhabited fea-

tures should remain uninhabited. “Two, let us not embarass each other in front of everyone, in front of multilaterals and bilaterals. We should talk,” Cayetano said. Cayetano noted that China did not object to the ASEAN statement declaring that no country should further complicate nor militarize the South China Sea. “It is just that they don’t want to be singled out. If you were the US, if you were Russia, if you were EU, you also don’t want to be singled out because you want fairness,” Cayetano said. The DFA secretary’s pronouncements came days since critics have been urging the Philippine government to formally protest China’s landing of an H-6K bomber on Woody Island, Beijing’s largest outpost on Paracel Islands in the South China Sea. Cayetano clarified that the dispute over the Paracels Islands is between Vietnam and China.

“When the president said it’s not against us... we have to have that element of doubt because it’s a democracy and we have to ask the right questions, but we also have to have trust in the president as our chief diplomat that he has more information than we do,” Cayetano said. Despite media reports and information released by independent think tanks involving China’s recent deployment of missile systems and jamming equipment in the Spratly Islands, the Philippine government has only said that it is still verifying such reports. Presidential spokesperson Harry Roque admitted that the government does not have the capability to independently confirm Beijing’s deployment of weapons in the disputed features. On the other hand, the Chinese government had confirmed the deployments, which it said were meant to “safeguard China’s sovereignty and security.”(www.philstar.

statute is unconstitutional it “is no law.” Bedford Quarries v. Bough, 168 Ind. 671, 80 N.E. 539 (1907). How can a person be convicted for violation of a law if there “is no law”? In Welch v. United States, No. 15-6418, April 18, 2016, https://www.google.

al challenge to a conviction and sentence may be made through a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 by making a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.


(WHAT’S UP, ATTORNEY?....from page 7)

a “drastic measure,” often amounting to lifelong “banishment or exile.” Deportation is “a particularly severe penalty,” which may be of greater concern to a convicted alien than “any poten¬tial jail sentence.” Sessions v. Dimaya, No. 15-1498, April 17, 2018, Supreme Court. (https://www.

supremecourt.gov/opinions/slipopinion/17; https://www.google. com/search?q=Sessions+v+Dimaya&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b-1)

COMMENT: Persons who were convicted and deported for a “crime of violence” under 18 U.S.C. § 16(b) which has been declared void for vagueness in Sessions v Dimaya, should seriously consider seeking relief. If a

com/search?q=welch+v+united+states&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&client=firefox-b-1 the Supreme

Court held that Johnson v. United States, 576 US ___, which declared unconstitutional under the void for vagueness doctrine the definition of “violent felony” in ACCA, had announced a new substantive rule that has retroactive effect in cases on collateral review. A collater-

ATTY. TIPON has a Master of Laws degree from Yale Law School and a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of the Philippines. He specializes in immigration law and criminal defense. Office: 900 Fort Street, Suite 1110, Honolulu, HI 96813. Tel. (808) 225-2645. E-Mail: filamlaw@yahoo. com. Websites: www.MilitaryandCriminalLaw.com. He is from Laoag City and Magsingal, Ilocos Sur. He served as an Immigration Officer. He is co-author of “Immigration Law Service, 1st ed.,” an 8-volume practice guide for immigration officers and lawyers. This article is a general overview of the subject matter discussed and is not intended as legal advice.



Florida’s Filipinos Make It Feel Like Hawaii as I Go Amok By Emil Guillermo


rlando, Florida is known as the home for the mouse, as in the latter-day mega Mickey, where Disneyland has morphed into DisneyWorld, family entertainment on steroids. But I prefer the city proper, near the downtown, a simpler Orlando, where I stayed in a home that had a front window view of lush tropical greenery that made me think I was in Hawaii. Orlando is the home to the oldest and largest theater festival of its kind in America, the 28th Orlando Fringe Festival. It’s a two-week gathering of more than 100 shows including my “Amok Monologues: All Pucked Up,” my comic tale about us, based on my father’s story, a colonized Filipino who comes to America without need of green card (he was colonized, remember). He leaves Ilocos Norte, after being educated by the Americans, and arrives by boat to California in 1928; there is just one Filipina per ten Filipinos on the boat, because no one is interested in Filipinos taking root in America. Their role is simply to be a workforce. And then maybe to go back. But it’s just in time for the Depression, and Filipinos take not only the ten-cent an hour jobs in the fields, but also the ten-cent a dance women. White women. Already, my one-man show has achieved one of its goals—to share my story with some young American Filipinos. Orlando is a modern Asian American city in that it is primarily Indian (27 percent) and Vietnamese (20.59 percent). The traditional group leaders, Chinese (18.65 percent) and Filipino (14.2 percent) have been usurped. But a handful of proud

Winston and Sarah Taitt

American-born Flipinos turned out for my show. Like Winston Taitt, a young 39-year-old Orlando attorney, who oddly has the same first name as my best friend ever. But my friend Winston was Peruvian and Chinese, and only looked Filipino. He wasn’t like Winston Taitt’s modern mix, of African American (his dad) and Filipina (his mom’s surname, Cruz De Leon). He attended the show with his wife, Sarah, a petite white American, the kind woman who would have gotten a Filipino killed in the ‘20s. She’s proud of her husband and to be Filipino by marriage. “He’s too tall to be Filipino everyone says,” Sarah said as she looked admiringly at her husband, who stands 6-foot4-inches. And you guessed it, he is a power in the local Florida Philippine basketball leagues—as a Filipino player. “We actually had to bring his mother to a game to verify that he was Filipino,” she said. Winston’s mother arrived in 1971 from Paranaque, Metro Manila, and her family doesn’t have a history in America that goes back to 1928 like me. Sarah herself has been to the Philippines and loves it. She mentions Palawan. “It’s more than beaches,” she said. “It’s paradise.” So, when she picked what

shows to see at the Fringe, naturally, she was drawn to “Amok Monologues.” It was a good choice for Winston, too. “I liked the show,” Winston Taitt said. “I didn’t know as much about the history, so that was really good to find out about that.” Sarah Taitt was even more effusive. “I loved the show. I thought the history was very fascinating because we hear a lot about other immigrant populations, but I’ve never heard about the Filipino experience.” It was all new history she hadn’t heard before, it was news to her. Another couple at “Amok Monologues” was Joey and Cory Canamo. “I absolutely loved it. It was very relatable,” Canamo, 31, an American-born Filipino who works in Orlando’s entertainment industry. “It had moments of comedy. It was very funny. But then there’s the history part of it, things I didn’t necessarily know. . .like the stories of your dad.” He and his wife, Cory, white and from the Detroit suburbs, met while in college in Florida. She related to my stories of going to a segregated school, and how my white buddies treated me, until our school got its first black kid. They thought the show

was a must-see before taking a family reunion later this year. They’re even going to bring Joey’s mom and dad later in the run. There were so many Filipinos, I couldn’t talk to them all. Some like Sheri Barron know her Filipino parts run deep. She self-identified as a Navy brat in her 30s, the daughter of a corpsman. Her father was half-Filipino, with a Filipino mother whose last name was Pardillo. Another double-L Filipino. Pardil-yo. On the other side, Barron’s mom is from Baguio, and her surname was Virtudazo. “I’m 75 percent Filipino,” said Sheri Barron, who visited the Philippines in 1991, during the eruption of Mount Pinatublo, which gets a mention in my show. She was so taken by the “Amok Monologues,” she returned to see it with friends. “Fascinating, really fascinating,” said her friend, Gayle White, about the show. Her husband, John Kuntz, chimed in. “I thought it was a good show, it was quite an education for me. You’re very animated,” Kuntz said with a laugh. “I think it’s something that’s needed. I know nothing about Filipinos…You’re an inspiration.” Sheri Barron agreed.

“When you say (in the show about how Filipinos are) invisible, it’s still something a Filipino American faces today,” Barron said. “It’s definitely an inspiration. It gives you things to think about, and how you overcome it and how you think about it, through humor, through storytelling, it’s a great way to get our story out there.” Didn’t pay them to say anything. Just some honest reactions after the show as we spoke out in the lobby. Honest reactions to an honest show. And that’s the point of bringing my “Amok Monologues” to the Fringe. We’re still fringe after all these years. Shouldn’t more people know about the path Filipinos took on the way to becoming American? It’s not taught at schools, so I’m taking the show on the road. Invite me to your town, your school, your barangay, your company. I’ll bang my kulingtang gong and tell you how the tale of an American national from Ilocos Norte shaped my life.

EMIL GUILLERMO is a veteran journalist and commentator. He was on the editorial board of the Honolulu Advertiser, and a columnist for the Starr-Bulletin. Twitter @emilamok



How to Give Good Face UNDER YOUR SKIN by Grace Carole Beltran, MD


e know that we should not judge p e o p l e based on their looks, but it’s hard to ignore the fact that our first encounter with people is definitely with their faces. And the way a person looks influences how we deal with them. The face is a particularly important signaling device. It is a reflection and a mystery that gives it the ultimate power of attraction. There is something about beautiful people that draws us to them; we are fascinated just staring at good-looking actors, actresses or models. Such beauty has power over us every time. But what is beauty, actually? It’s not fair, but it’s true: some people just look prettier and more attractive than others. And, as if that’s not enough, beautiful people live easier lives, from the nurse who gives more attention to the pretty baby to the schoolteacher who is more likely to be patient with good-looking kids rather than average-looking kids when they are mischievous. Our generation undeniably wants to look attractive, what with all those advertisements on how to look good to

make people fall in love with you. So what do we do? People wear makeup, use beauty creams and so on, just to look good. But there are some facial features that make you look attractive naturally. Wide-set eyes, high cheekbones, a tapering chin and a small nose are considered attractive. Sharp facial features make one look good, too. It has been proved that facial symmetry is one of the criteria by which we perceive the attractiveness of a face.Let me share with you the elements of a perfect face and how to achieve it. 1. Perfect forehead. There is actually no such thing as a perfect forehead, but forehead size should be ideally at least one-fourth the size of your whole face. How does one achieve an almost perfect forehead? The answer is to remove the blemishes — pimples, syringoma, or cysts. If it’s fine lines, there are different neurotoxins to address this problem. In fact, there’s one that does not develop “antibodies” in you that are very important in the long run. Fillers — for deep furrow lines — are the “in” thing for the forehead. For scars, there are so many ways of addressing this problem, which depends on what type of scar you have. 2. Eyebrows. The eye-

brows should be medium size — not too long or short, not too thick or thin. They should have a sufficient gap between them. For women, arched brows are sexy with their raised and curvy look. Neatly shaped, fairly thick brows look good on men. Thinning eyebrows can be corrected with topical solutions or hair trans-

plants. Shapes can be altered by neurotoxins and fillers as well. In extremely severe cases, surgery can be done. Permanent glabellar lines (vertical lines in between the eyebrows) can also be erased completely to eliminate the worried look on one’s face. 3. Twinkling eyes. Eyes are the most prominent feature of the face. They play a major role in forming facial expressions. Thick, long, dark lashes give one’s eyes a magical look, which can be achieved through thickening mascaras. Aesthetic Blepahroplasty enables us to correct tired-looking eyes, drooping and creased upper eyelids, and fatty hernias in the

lower eyelids. This unsightly appearance starts at around 40 and worsens with age. To some, it can even set in earlier as bags under the eyes or excessive creasing in the upper eyelids, which make the expression look sad and makeup difficult to apply. But fillers make your eyes not only pretty but also instantly sparkling. Deep hollows that give shadows and contribute to peri-orbital darkening is improved instantly. 4. A pointed nose tip. A nose with a pointed tip is very alluring. What makes it more attractive is not having those prominent smile lines from the sides of your nostrils to the corners of your lips. Hyaluronic acid injections would (continue on page 15)


No. 13

by Carlito Lalicon ACROSS

1. Former Senator Clarin 5. 10,000,000 10. Too 14. Addict 15. Any port in a storm 16. Acquire 17. Morally dishonorable 19. Azerbaijan’s capital 20. Throat part 21. Inflammation of a nerve 23. Fencing sword 25. Poet’s “below” 26. Interrupted 30. Not conforming to dietary laws (Judaism) 33. Emmet 34. Having pines or smelling of pine 35. Get ready 36. Cleopatra’s love ___ Antony 38. PDEA agent 40. Speech problem 41. Anxiety 43. Flatten, in a way 45. Zero 46. Necklace item 47. Tauntingly 49. Wavelike design 51. Walk in water


1. Solomon-like 2. Capital of Norway 3. Caught in the act 4. Desk item 5. Large Chilean evergreen conifer 6. Managed 7. Hot chamber 8. Forward 9. Arise 10. Relating to arbitration 11. Whipping 12. Japanese alcoholic beverage 13. Sonata, e.g. 18. Close with a zipper 22. Miles per hour, e.g. 24. Europe’s highest volcano 26. Block 27. Absurd

52. With undue hurry and confusion 55. Dulled 59. Commuter line 60. View, artwork or other image of sky and clouds 62. Sea eagle 63. Bait 64. Auditory 65. Argued 66. Abalone found near the Channel Islands 67. Adam’s apple spot 28. Contour economically or efficiently 29. High nest: Var. 31. Light flintlock musket 32. Utilize 35. Common merganser 37. Sang 39. Sticking point 42. Insignificant 44. Focal point 47. Bank clerk 48. Unanimously 50. Odd-numbered page 52. Get ready, for short 53. Countess’s husband 54. Farm soil 56. Diminish 57. Big story 58. Clobber 61. Consume (Solution will be on the next issue of the Chronicle)



Children Born Outside of the US May Be US Citizens at Birth By Atty. Reuben S. Seguritan


hen a child is born in the United States, he or she is a United States citizen at birth. If a child is born outside the United States, the child may also be a US citizen at birth, so long as at least one parent is a US citizen at the time of the child’s birth. When both parents are US citizens, there is no doubt that the child is a US citizen at birth, even if the child was born abroad. The same is true when a US citizen is married to a non-US citizen and a child is born because of this union. The child is a US citizen from birth, regardless of where the child was born. However, the law requires that the US citizen parent must have lived in the United States for at least five years prior to the birth of the child and at least two

years of that period must be after the age of 14. If the child was born in the Philippines, the United States requires that the birth of the child be reported to the US Embassy in Manila. After completing the required forms, submitting the required documents, payment and interview at the Embassy, the Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) will be issued. The CRBA is an official record of U.S. citizenship issued to a person under age 18 who was born abroad to United States citizen parent(s) and acquired citizenship at birth. Only the child’s biological parent or legal guardian, preferably the US citizen parent, can apply for the CRBA. Either parent, including the non-US citizen parent, may execute and sign the application. If it will be signed and executed by a legal guardian, a special power of attorney from the parent or parents or guardianship affidavit must be submitted. The application must be made before the child’s 18th birthday and the child must make a personal

appearance at the US Embassy. In a recent case decided by the US Supreme Court, the question was raised as to whether a child born abroad to his unwed parents, his US citizen father and his South American mother, made him a US citizen at birth. The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) provides the framework for ac¬quisition of US citizenship from birth by a child born abroad, when one parent is a US citizen and the other parent is a citizen of another nation. Applicable to married couples, the main rule requires the US citizen parent to have five years of physical presence in the United States prior to the child’s birth, at least two of which were after attaining the age of 14. The rule is made applicable to unwed US citizen fathers. However, this rule does not apply to unwed US citizen mothers. The rule for unwed US citizen mothers only requires them to have continuously lived in the US for one year prior to the


‘Lift Ban on Direct Recruitment of Household Workers’ By Rudy Santos Monday, May 28, 2018

recruitment activities of licensed agencies. The circular, ANILA, Philip- issued when the Philippines pines — The re- banned worker deployment to cruitment sector Kuwait, was meant to prevent has urged the Philippine abuses of domestic helpers in Overseas Employment Agen- the Middle East. cy (POEA) to lift the ban on Olalia said the main purforeign principals or their pose of foreign principals in agents directly interviewing coming to Manila is to personprospective Filipino house- ally select applicants to match hold helpers. the needs of their clients.This Alfredo Palmiery, pres- is to prevent any mismatch ident of the Federation of of applicants to work, which Manpower Exporters Inc. and may result in disadvantages to head of the Hong Kong asso- the workers themselves, Olaciation deploying domestic lia said. helpers to the former crown Sometimes this may end colony, said the POEA circu- up in termination or repatrialar is a virtual ban on deploy- tion, he added. ment of household helpers. Palmiery, however, said Palmiery urged POEA the circular should not apply administrator Bernardo Ola- to Hong Kong or in countries lia to lift the ban, saying the where reports of abuses of circular is a curtailment of the Filipino domestic helpers are


not rampant. He added that the letter of authority issued by the POEA was requested by agencies to replace the special working permits issued by the Bureau of Immigration (BI). The industry negotiated with the BI that a letter of authority from the POEA would suffice for foreign principals to interview workers instead of the permit that has been the practice since 2001. Numerous cases of arrests and extortion were reported against foreign principals before 2001, especially Japanese principals who were interviewing applicants for the entertainment industry. Palmiery added that if the objective of the circular is to reduce the number of workers applying for work abroad, this will not happen. (www.philstar. com)

child’s birth. In the said case, the child was born out of wedlock and lived in the United States since he was 13. He asserted his US citizenship based on the US citizenship of his biological father. His father moved to the Dominican Republic 20 days short of his 19th birthday, therefore failing to satisfy the required five years’ physical presence after age 14. There, he lived with the Do¬minican mother of the child. The US citizen accepted parental responsibility and included the child in his house¬hold. He then married the mother of his child and his name was then added to hers on the child’s birth certificate. In 2000, the Government sought to remove the child based on several criminal convictions, stating that he was an alien because, at his birth, his father did not satisfy the requirement of five years of physical presence after age 14. The immigration judge rejected his citizenship claim and ordered his removal. Lawyers for the child argued that the gender-based difference in the law governing acquisition of US citizenship by a child born abroad, when one parent is a US citizen, and the other a citizen of another nation was unconstitutional. The US Supreme Court agreed with the child and stat-

ed the gender-difference in the pre-birth residence in the United States requirement of the US citizen parent violated the equal protection principle and must be struck down. Hence, the rule now states that the five-year physical presence requirement should apply, prospectively, to children born to unwed US citizens, regardless of gender. On April 18, 2018, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) issued a policy alert clarifying the new requirement. The required pre-birth physical presence of five years in the United States for the US citizen parent, regardless of gender, applies to children born out of wedlock on or after June 12, 2017. For children born before June 12, 2017, the old rule applies. The USCIS also added that a separate agreement or contract is not required in order to prove the father of the child accepted the legal obligation to support the child (before the age of 18) or that such obligation to provide support was imposed on the father by a court or an administrative governmental agency. REUBEN S. SEGURITAN has been practicing law for over 30 years. For further information, you may call him at (212) 695 5281 or log on to his website at www.seguritan.com



Loans Are Available to Farmers Impacted by Kauai-Oahu Floods and Kilauea Eruption


armers who suffered damage due to heavy rain and flooding on Kauai and Oahu in April and farmers impacted by the ongoing Kilauea volcano on the Big Island could get emergency low-interest agricultural loans. The Hawaii Board of Agriculture approved an Emergency Disaster Loan Program for farmers hit by

these natural disasters. The Board approved the emergency loan program which offers disaster-related loans of up to $500,000 at an interest rate of three percent, with loan terms to be determined on a caseby-case basis. The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) Agricultural Loan Division will process loan applications based on past

farm production, projected cash flow and disaster recovery plans. Three-year residency and other requirements usually necessary for agricultural loans will also be waived. Loan applications will be accepted until June 2019. In addition to the disaster loan program, HDOA also offers microloans of up to $25,000 that involves less


Philippine Airlines and Cebu Air Seek Approval for Price Increase


raveling to the Philippines could be more expensive. Philippine Airlines Inc. and Cebu Air applied for regulatory approval to add fuel surcharges to be imposed on customers. Rising fuel costs and the weakening of the peso have prompted the airlines to seek price hikes. “We will have to adjust prices accordingly,” said Lance Gokongwei, president of Cebu Air Inc., which owns the nation’s largest budget carrier.

Philippine Airlines, owned by tycoon Lucio Tan, incurs $11 million a year in additional costs for every $1 increase in the price of a barrel of fuel, President Jaime Bautista said in a mobile-phone message. The nation’s largest carrier

consumes about 11 million barrels a year, while the price of jet fuel has risen by $13 from January to April, he said. Cebu Air’s costs are increasing by $13 million a month from a year ago with jet fuel prices hitting $87 per barrel and the peso declining to 52.50 against the dollar, Gokongwei said. The currency’s decline is already diminishing Filipino consumers’ appetite for air travel, Bautista said.

paperwork and offers swifter processing. Loan officers will also work with those with existing agricultural loans on loan payment deferrals. The Agricultural Loan Division may be contacted at 808-973-9460. “It’s painful to see all the damage to our agricultural crops and businesses caused by the recent natural disasters,” said Gov. David Ige. “The Board’s approval ensures that funding is available to support agricultural recovery efforts.” “The financial burden of the recent natural disasters hits the agriculture industry particularly hard,” said Scott Enright, chairperson of the Hawaii Board of Agriculture. “HDOA’s agricultural loan program will do its best to help our farmers and ranchers get back in business as soon as possible.” On April 15, 2018, Gov. David Ige declared the County of Kauai a disaster area due to heavy rains and flooding and authorized state funds for disaster relief. A

supplementary disaster proclamation was issued by the Governor on April 18 to include the City and County of Honolulu due to heavy rains and flooding. On May 3, 2018, Gov. Ige issued a proclamation declaring the County of Hawaii as a disaster area due to the eruption at Kilauea and lava flows occurring in the East Rift Zone. Earlier this month, the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture issued a disaster declaration for the County of Kauai which allows for assistance from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Farm Service Agency (FSA), including low-interest disaster loans. The FSA office on Kauai may be contacted at: (808) 245-9014 Ext. 2. The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) also has a disaster loan program for nonfarm businesses which are dependent on farmers and ranchers that have suffered agricultural production losses on Kauai. For loan assistance and more information on HDOA’s Agricultural Loan Program, go to: http://hdoa. hawaii.gov/agl/

Sagot sa Krosword Blg. 12 | May 19, 2018)





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Wage Hike to Aggravate Situation of Unemployed — ECOP By Richmond Mercurio Thursday, May 31, 2018


ANILA, Philippines — Employers yesterday warned that a wage hike at this time would only aggravate the situation of the unemployed. In a statement, Employers Confederation of the Philippines (ECOP) acting president Sergio Ortiz-Luis Jr. said the P800 per day minimum wage nationwide, as proposed by the Associated Labor Unions-Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (ALU-TUCP), “will continue to neglect the unemployed sector of our labor force.” “The pain of inflation triggered by a wage hike will worsen the plight of the rest of the wage and salary workers,” said Ortiz-Luis, adding that only minimum wage earners will benefit from any wage adjustment. ECOP’s warning comes follow-

ing the recent spike in inflation that prompted organized labor to press for a new round of wage adjustments. President Duterte has ordered the Department of Labor and Employment to convene the wage boards to revisit wage levels across the country and discuss the effect of the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) law on workers. Another measure seeking a legislated wage increase was filed before Congress despite strong opposition from the government and employers’ groups. The TUCP yesterday reported that their sectoral representative has filed a proposed bill mandating a P320 national wage hike. The ALU also supported the passage of the National Minimum Wage Law that seeks a uni-

form P750 to P800 across-theboard pay hike for all workers nationwide. Partido ng Manggagawa (PM) criticized employers for raising “disaster and doomsday scenarios” of closure and mass displacement if a national minimum wage is implemented. Reports on the erosion of workers’ purchasing power, PM said, are not imagination but based on a study conducted by the Department of Finance (DOF). PM also urged Labor Secretary Silvestre Bello III to stand behind workers’ welfare. ECOP said the estimated number of minimum wage earners nationwide stands at 3.2 million, less than eight percent of the total Philippine labor force. In the NCR, the group said the estimated number of minimum wage earners stands at 952,485. (www.philstar.com)

and your jawline play an important role in the positioning of your lips. Fuller lips can be achieved by hyaluronic injections. 7. Tapering chin and a defined face cut. A narrow, tapering chin looks pleasant and appealing. A medium-sized chin is perfect. After the jawline, the chin is the final feature that defines the face. This is sometimes altered as one grows older with the formation of the jowls. But with the advances of dermal fillers and energy-based procedures, there are plenty of no-knife options available — you just need to pick the one that’s best for you. Filler injections can help bring balance and volume to your face. While they won’t elevate the jowls, they can be used to smoothen out the transition along the jawline and address other related aesthetic concerns. However, facelift procedures are a surgical alternative to remove jowls and create a more chiseled jawline. The longevity of fillers is influ-

enced by multiple factors, including the area being treated and your lifestyle. Areas of the body that experience more movement may require more frequent filler treatments. You can expect basic fillers to last up to six months, while stronger, hyaluronic acid fillers can last up to 12 or even 24 months, depending on the brand and what part of the body they are designed for. It’s worth mentioning that injections and fillers can be used to target other areas of the face as well. Kybella or Lipobella, for instance, can be used to “melt away” your double chin and provide more definition to your sagging jawline. 8. Prominent dimples. Dimples add beauty to your smile, making it infectious. Some of us may also have a dimple in the chin (known as a cleft chin). A mild disorder in reality, dimples have turned into a very likeable facial feature, and creating them is a procedure that’s been done here for a long time. (www.philstar.com)

(HEALTH & FAMILY: HOW TO GIVE...from page 12)

correct all this instantaneously. Two injections on the lateral side of cheekbones will instantly lift the face, plus another injection on the alar groove and along the nasal groove and smile lines. Rhinoplasty, a surgical option, can also achieve this goal. Fillers do wonders for everything surrounding the nose, too. 5. High cheekbones. Cheekbones should have a hollow curve that is in line with your lips, slanting upwards to the start of your ears. Neurotoxin injections over the muscles of the neck can add more lift, and sometimes we add another injection on the cheekbones, which will correct it even more. To lift the lateral angles of the mouth, an injection in the lower lip muscle, together with fillers on the lateral triangle of the lips, is an ultimate help. 6. Full lips. Lips are a very important facial feature. Full lips look enticing and luscious. A natural pout enhances the look. The lower lip should be fatter than your upper lip. The outline of your lips should be straight. The way your teeth are set

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