Ha-Shilth-Sa October 6, 2005

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Canada’s Oldest First Nations Newspaper - Serving Nuu-chah-nulth-aht since 1974 Canadian Publications Mail Product haas^i>sa “ Interesting News” Vol. 32 - No. 20 - October 6, 2005 Sales Agreement No. 40047776

BC Leaders receive lesson in Nuu-chah-nulth culture By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Tsahaheh - BC political leaders emerged from the Tseshaht longhouse behind Nuu-chah-nulth cultural leaders after a three-hour discussion on numaac; the disrespectful treatment of the dead in a way that would bring negative things back on you. Stan Hagen, BC Minister of Children and Family Development, and Carole James, leader of the official opposition, were invited to meet with Nuu-chahnulth cultural and political leaders over their treatment of child protection issues after the death of a Nuu-chah-nulth infant in 2002.

“It is very important in keeping with Nuu-chah-nulth culture and teachings to let the spirit of the young girl and her family rest,” said Shawn Atleo, NTC political spokesperson. “It’s not only part of our traditions, it’s a law.” “It is very important in keeping with Nuu-chah-nulth culture and teachings that we no longer refer to the name of the late child who we’re talking about, and ask for her image not to be displayed in order to let the spirit of the young girl and her family rest, and recognize the need to support the family in their healing journey,” said Shawn Atleo, NTC political spokesperson. “It’s not only part of our traditions, it’s a law. The name of the person who has passed

on is put away, and anyone in the family and extended family who shares that name puts it away, and it’s out of respect for the dignity of the person who has passed on and to allow them to be on their way, and for their spirit to rest, and it’s also for the healing of the family,” he said at a press conference following the meeting. “So I hope it can be understood that by the repeated showing of the image and using of the name goes against how the Nuu-chah-nulth people handle the very traumatic issues around death and dying.” The issues surrounding her death in Port Alberni will continue to be discussed, but legislators will make every effort to not use her name to further political agendas. “Today was about learning,” said BC NDP Leader James. “Today was about learning about Nuu-chah-nulth and learning from the family, and it was an honour to take part in the ceremony that we took part in today,” she said. “The tough issues will continue to be raised, but there’s a way to do that in a way that is respectful to the family and respectful to the community,” she said. “I will no longer use the name of the child who died, in respect to the family and to the Nuu-chah-nulth people,” said Minister Hagen. “I think it’s time to give the family some rest and some peace.” Provincial leaders were invited into the longhouse on Tuesday, September 26th, and after a ciquaa, the speakers of various ha’wiih gave a description of

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Tla-o-qui-aht dancers Julian Jones (front) followed by Edward Coon, John Lucas Jr., and T.J. Manson, perform at Rocky Titian’s potlatch in Ahousaht last weekend. See full story on page 11.

‘Leave Luna Alone’ Scientific Panel said. By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter As Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and Vancouver Aquarium staff prepared to capture Tsu’xiit in Nootka Sound in 2003, documents obtained by Ha-ShilthSa reveal many within the department were already worried about outcomes.

Documents show people within DFO were concerned the Luna reunification plan was ill-fated, and Tsu’xiit was destined for captivity, or worse.

NTC Spokesperson Shawn Atleo speaks to media along with NDP Leader Carole James (left) and Minister of Children and Family Development Stan Hagen (right).

BCTC releases annual report .............................. Page 3 Whaling for Food .................................................. Page 4 Language Conference attracts dozens ............... Page 5 Bladerunners launched ........................................ Page 6 Tsu’xiit’s close call with captivity ....................... Page 8 NEDC Business News .......................................... Page 20

While many people within Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and their Scientific Panel were deeply committed to the reunification plan, documents obtained under the federal Access to Information Program show others within the department and panel were concerned the plan was ill-fated, and Tsu’xiit destined for captivity.

Under the proposed relocation plan finalized on October 2nd, 2003, Tsu’xiit would be removed from Nootka Sound where he had developed a reputation of bumping boats, and released in Pedder Bay. But if boats were a concern in Nootka Sound, they would be an even greater concern in the south coast area where the highest number of vessels on the west coast of the continent awaited. “I must tell you I really have misgivings about even the minimum intervention approach being proposed by the group. From my perspective, anything that provides the prospect of this animal going to more habited areas, especially southern Vancouver Island, poses increased risk for both the whale and the public,” DFO Regional Director General John Davis wrote in an e-mail to Marine Mammal Coordinator Marilyn Joyce on May 15th, 2003. “Relocation would be a relatively high risk operation. There are many unknowns

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Page 2 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 Ha-Shilth-Sa newspaper is published by the Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council for distribution to the members of the twelve NTCmember First Nations as well as other interested groups and individuals. Information and original work contained in this newspaper is copyright and may not be reproduced without written permission from: Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council P.O. Box 1383, Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M2. Telephone: (250) 724-5757 Fax: (250) 723-0463 Web page: www.nuuchahnulth.org

LETTERS and KLECO’S Ha-Shilth-Sa will include letters received from its readers. All letters MUST be signed by the writer and have the writer's name, address and phone number on it. Names can be withheld by request. Anonymous submissions will not be accepted. We reserve the right to edit submitted material for clarity, brevity, grammar and good taste. We will definitely not publish letters dealing with tribal or personal disputes or issues that are critical of Nuu-chah-nulth individuals or groups. All opinions expressed in letters to the editor are purely those of the writer and will not necessarily coincide with the views or policies of the Nuuchah-nulth Tribal Council or its member First Nations.

Leaders receive lesson continued from page 1

2005 Subscription rates: $35.00 per year in Canada and $40. /year U.S.A. and $45. /year foreign countries. Payable to the Nuu-chahnulth Tribal Council. Manager / Editor, Southern Region Reporter David Wiwchar (250) 724-5757 Fax: (250) 723-0463 wiwchar@nuuchahnulth.org

Barney Williams Jr., Keith Atlei, Joe Tom, and Dave Frank sing a dinner song before sitting down to a meal with Hagen and James.

“This isn’t something we conjured up six months ago, this is our history,” said Barney Williams Jr.

Administration Assistant Mrs. Annie Watts (250) 724-5757 Fax: (250) 723-0463 * hashilthsa@nuuchahnulth.org * NEW EMAIL ADDRESS Central Region Reporter Denise August (250) 725-2120 - Fax: (250) 725-2110 *New!* denise@nuuchahnulth.org Northern Region: for event coverage contact David Wiwchar at the main office (250) 724-5757 Fax: (250) 723-0463. wiwchar@nuuchahnulth.org Audio / Video Technician Mike Watts (250) 724-5757 Fax: (250) 723-0463 mwatts@nuuchahnulth.org

DEADLINE: Please note that the deadline for submissions for our next issue is October 14, 2005. After that date, material submitted and judged appropriate, cannot be guaranteed placement but, if still relevant, will be included in the following issue. In an ideal world, submissions would be typed, rather than hand-written. Articles can be sent by e-mail to hashilthsa@nuuchahnulth.org (Windows PC). Submitted pictures must include a brief description of subject(s) and a return address. Pictures with no return address will remain on file. Allow 2 - 4 weeks for return. Photocopied or faxed photographs cannot be accepted. COVERAGE: Although we would like to be able to cover all stories and events we will only do so subject to: - Sufficient advance notice addressed specifically to Ha-Shilth-Sa. - Reporter's availability at the time of the event. - Editorial space available in the paper. - Editorial deadlines being adhered to by contributors.

ha’wilth-mis, and the ancient structure of Nuu-chah-nulth government systems. “This isn’t something we conjured up six months ago, this is our history,” said Barney Williams Jr., one of the cultural speakers at the meeting. “We were trying to help the process in a gentle way, and teach them how we conduct business. It was a really positive experience and I was honoured to be a part of it,” he said. Usma program staff gave a presentation to James, Hagen, and other MLA’s and government employees in attendance, before the family of the deceased offered their perspectives.

Tseshaht and Hupacasath Fisheries workers sort coho salmon for the ESSR (Escapement Surplus to Spawning Requirements) fishery at Robertson Creek Hatchery. The program employs three workers from each Alberni First Nation plus a supervisor, who gill, grade and weigh the salmon, which are then sold to Orca Seafoods. Money generated through the sale funds Hupacasath and Tseshaht fishery programs, and provides six weeks of employment to the workers. This year the crew will process approximately 35,000 coho and the 30,000 chinook which are due to arrive in a few weeks.

Ha-Shilth-Sa belongs to every Nuu-chah-nulth person including those who have passed on, and those who are not yet born. A community newspaper cannot exist without community involvement; If you have any great pictures you’ve taken, stories or poems you’ve written, or artwork you have done, please let us know so we can include it in your newspaper. This year is Ha-Shilth-Sa's 31st year of serving the Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations. We look forward to your continued input and support. Kleco! Kleco! David Wiwchar, Editor / Manager

“It was very meaningful to hear from the family about how they’ve been affected, and hear ideas on how we can do things better” said Hagen, who was quick to complement the Usma program for being the first on-reserve childprotection program in the province, and their success in dealing with more than 5000 cases during the past 18 years. “These are the types of experiences that actually create change,” he said. After presentations, Atleo led an open discussion on how to move forward in a positive way that would improve child protection services in the province. “Today marked a significant turning point in that provincial leaders took the time to sit with the family and sit with our leaders according to our customs and laws. I’m really appreciative that both the Minister and Leader of the Opposition took the time, demonstrating that this is a priority, and engaging in an opportunity for learning and mutual respect on all sides,” said Atleo. “We need to have those policy debates and discussions. This isn’t about taking away from the need for difficult debate and discussion about child and family services. This is about caring for the family, and in this case we are looking for understanding in allowing the family to rest,” he said. The leaders ended the day by sitting together for a meal at Somass Hall and planting seeds for future discussions on child-protection issues. Legal Information The advertiser agrees that the publisher shall not be liable for damages arising out of errors in advertisements beyond the amount paid for space actually occupied by the portion of the advertisement in which the error is due to the negligence of the servants or otherwise, and there shall be no liability for non-insertion of any advertisement beyond the amount paid for such advertisements.

Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 - Page 3

BCTC releases report By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Victoria - The British Columbia Treaty Commission has released its annual report on the state of treaty negotiations in the province, and is encouraged by the effect of recent court rulings at the negotiation tables.

“While political talks are proceeding, it is likely that court rulings will continue to further clarify the nature and extent of aboriginal rights.” “While important court rulings and political actions have at times overshadowed treaty negotiations this year and temporarily slowed progress, these developments are likely to have a positive impact on future progress,” Commissioners Steven Point, Wilf Adam, Mike Harcourt, Jack Weisgerber and Jody Wilson write in the report. “Clearly, policy changes are necessary and are being considered as a result of the Supreme Court of Canada decisions in cases involving the Haida and Taku River Tlingit. While political talks are proceeding, it is likely that court rulings

will continue to further clarify the nature and extent of aboriginal rights.” BC First Nations have reportedly launched as many as 34 new cases, which are the major developments the Treaty Commission has had to consider in assessing the current status of treaty negotiations. “Pressure is mounting for treaty models based upon recognition and coexistence of rights rather than the surrender or final settlement of aboriginal rights. Finality is no longer an option and perhaps was never a viable idea,” states the report. “When First Nations are frustrated in negotiations they turn to the courts for recognition of their rights or to protect their rights as negotiations continue. When negotiations come to an impasse, there is no effective process outside the courts to resolve the dispute. Consequently, the courts have found themselves becoming bigger players in protecting aboriginal interests and have indicated they are prepared to play a greater role in overseeing negotiations. This has potential implications for the parties in the event negotiations break down. The federal and provincial governments will have to revisit policies that often result in a halt to treaty negotiations when a First Nation takes

NTC ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING Notice of Change of Date & Election Re-vote at AGM

October 13, 14, 2005 The NTC Directors (Chiefs) met on September 15, 2005, and reviewed the NTC Election Process and Report issued by the NTC Electoral Officer on September 6, 2005. The Directors acknowledge that there have been issues encountered in the current election process as it has been carried out with the mail-in vote system. Therefore, in the interest of holding a fair and open election process, the Directors have served notice to the NTC Society Members (FN Chief & Councils), that the NTC AGM will be rescheduled to October 13, 14, 2005 at Maht Mahs, Port Alberni. The NTC Society Members will re-vote to select either of the two candidates who met the established criteria - Francis Frank or Hugh Braker for the position of NTC President. The NTC Society members will re-vote to determine whether the one candidate who met the established criteria, Gloria Jean Frank, should be acclaimed to the Vice-President position. The NTC Society Members, comprised of the 86 First Nation Chief & Council members, will cast their ballots between 8 am to 10 am on October 13, 2005. A report on the results of the re-vote will be provided to the AGM shortly thereafter. The chosen theme for this year’s AGM is “Hishukishtsawalk, Everything is One and All is Interconnected”. The AGM will be cohosted by Tseshaht First Nation & NTC. The first day of the AGM will commence at 10 a.m., with regular AGM business to be completed initially. Afterwards, the NTC Education Dept. will conduct their Post Secondary Grads & Scholarships recognition - which is expected to carry on into the evening. On the second day, the meeting will commence at 9 a.m. - with the focus to be on “NCN Culture & Language - Our Identify and Strength”. Member First Nations have been invited to bring their singers and dancers to do performances as part of the AGM activities. The Ha-ho-pay-uk School Students have confirmed that they will do songs and dance performances for everyone at the AGM on the first day. If there is anyone interested in setting up a vendor table to display or sell crafts, please contact the NTC office as soon as possible to request a table to display your wares, as tables and space is limited. NTC Program and Services staff will have information tables set up for the AGM participants.

court action. The Treaty Commission sees the court rulings in Haida and Taku as reinforcing the need for treaty negotiations to be part of the process of reconciliation. There must be clarity on the link between short-term accommodation agreements and treaty making.” The BCTC is encouraged by the recent leadership agreement bringing together First Nations involved with the BC First Nations Summit, Union of BC Indian Chiefs, and Assembly of First Nations, as well as the New Relationship document signed with the provincial government.

BC First Nations have reportedly launched as many as 34 new cases, which are the major developments the Treaty Commission has had to consider in assessing the current status of treaty negotiations. “The willingness to achieve a new relationship between First Nations and the Crown is reminiscent of the leadership and commitment that was shown when the treaty process was launched with much fanfare in 1992. We expect some major breakthroughs in treaty negotiations in the coming months. One or more First Nations may finally achieve the agreement they have been seeking since entering the treaty process 12 years ago.” The Treaty Commission is the independent and neutral body responsible for facilitating treaty

negotiations among the governments of Canada and BC and First Nations in BC. As the independent keeper of the BC treaty process, the Treaty Commission carries out three complementary roles: facilitation, funding and public information and education. The Treaty Commission’s operating budget for 2004–05 was $1.99 million and its total funding for operations from 1993 to March 31, 2005 is $24.22 million. In addition to the four part-time commissioners and the full-time chief commissioner, the Treaty Commission employs 13 staff. Funding for administering the treaty process and for settlement costs is borne jointly by the federal and provincial governments. The government of Canada contributes 60 per cent of the Treaty Commission’s budget and the BC government contributes 40 per cent. The Treaty Commission allocates negotiation support funding so that First Nations can prepare for and carry out negotiations on a more even footing with the governments of Canada and BC. The first loans will become due in August 2006. It is expected that most, if not all, First Nations now in the treaty process will request and receive extensions over the next few years. Since opening its doors in May 1993, the Treaty Commission has allocated approximately $325 million in negotiation support funding to more than 50 First Nations, representing approximately two-thirds of the First Nations in the province.

Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council At the beginning of 2005, the parties recommenced negotiations on a regular basis, with facilitation by the Treaty Commission. Planning for further negotiations is currently underway. The table comprises Ahousaht, Ehattesaht, Hesquiaht, Mowachaht/Muchalaht, Nuchatlaht, Tla-o-qui-aht and Tseshaht nations, with a combined population of approximately 5,500 people. The traditional territories of these nations span the west coast of Vancouver Island from Barkley Sound to Kyuquot Sound. These nations, recently joined by three of the Maa-nulth nations, are currently involved in litigation with Canada and BC in which they seek recognition of an aboriginal right to fish commercially.

Maa-nulth First Nations The parties at the Maa-nulth table have been actively engaged in Stage 5 negotiations over the past year. However, progress has recently been impacted by the death of George Watts, the Maa-nulth chief technical negotiator, and the decision by three of the nations to join the Nuu-chah-nulth legal action on fisheries against Canada and BC. This action is seeking recognition of an aboriginal right to fish commercially. A new technical chief negotiator has been named and negotiations are set to resume in September. It is anticipated the Treaty Commission will be actively involved in facilitating these negotiations. Comprising the Ucluelet, Huu-ay-aht, Toquaht, Uchucklesaht and Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’/Che:k’tles7et’h’ nations, the total Maa-nulth population is approximately 2,000. Their traditional territories are concentrated in the Barkley Sound area and towards the northwest end of Vancouver Island. Formerly part of the Nuu-chah-nulth treaty table, the Maa-nulth signed a separate agreement in principle in October 2003.

Ditidaht First Nation/Pacheedaht Band Treaty negotiations have continued over the past year, with a particular emphasis on wildlife, parks and protected areas, fisheries and co-management. The Treaty Commission continues to play an active role in facilitating these meetings. Since August 1997, Ditidaht and Pacheedaht have been negotiating at a common table. Ditidaht, located near Nitinaht Lake, has approximately 630 members, while Pacheedaht, with approximately 250 members, is based in Port Renfrew. The First Nations’ traditional territories span the southwest corner of Vancouver Island.

Hupacasath First Nation The First Nation’s focus continues to be on non-treaty business and other initiatives. However, the parties have been meeting over the past year to address Stage 2 issues and to start framework agreement negotiations. Numbering approximately 230 people, the Hupacasath First Nation has its reserve in Port Alberni. *from the BCTC Annual Report, 2005

Upcoming Meetings October 11-12

Uu-a-thluk Council of Ha’wiih Hupacasath House of Gathering October 13-14 NTC AGM, Maht Mahs

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Fisheries - ca-~ca-~>uk

Whaling for food book released

Nuu-chah-nulth litigants gather on the Vancouver Law Court steps after their case management hearing.

healthy mind and a healthy body” as the saying goes – commonly one cannot have one without the other,” said Dr. Milton Freeman, in his introduction to the book. “This book gives us information on a topic that many people may be unfamiliar with today: whaling and food. The unfamiliarity stems from the fact that for many people whale meat is not available in stores, on restaurant menus, or spoken about at home. It is not part of most peoples’ food culture. Yet for some people, whale products are part of their customary diet, part of their national cuisine, and as such do contribute importantly to the health and well being of members of those societies,” said Freeman, who teaches at the Canadian Circumpolar Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton. “Anthropologists tell us that food contributes in a very major way to a peoples’ cultural identity, and they believe it is even more important than language for insuring the continuity of that national or ethnic identity (“we are what we eat”).” To order a copy click on the New WCW Publication link on the home page of the World Council of Whalers website http://www.worldcouncilofwhalers.com or call (250) 228-1048.

Fisheries case gains momentum

By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Edited by Kathy Happynook WCW Publications; 8.5 x 5.5 format, 30 colour photos, numerous black and white photos, illustrations, glossary, 101 pages, $10.00 (CDN) ISBN 0-9733760-1-5 Following the success of their first book Whaling Around The World, the World Council of Whalers (WCW) has launched their second book. Whaling for Food, features essays from around the world where whale has been a customary food for many generations and continues to be cherished by members of those societies to this day. Whaling for Food also contains numerous recipes and photos that illustrate the importance of whales as an essential part of some peoples’ distinctive food culture and ethnic identity. “We know that when we eat “good food” (however our own society defines that notion), it not only nourishes our body, but it is also a source of emotional or psychological satisfaction, an outcome that contributes in a major way to our sense of well-being. “A

Food and its Influence on Culture By Tom Mexsis Happynook Hereditary Whaling Chief, Huu-ay-aht First Nations Founding Chairman, World Council of Whalers

(copied from Whaling for Food) People around the world accept that food, shelter and security are necessary for life. The food I grew up eating was not only a necessity – it also influenced the evolution of my tribe’s culture, legends, traditional practices and ultimately, our nationhood. The nationhood of my tribe, the Huu-ayaht First Nations, is based on our natural surroundings and the food we eat, in particular, the whales, marine mammals, fish and shellfish which inhabit our traditional sea territory. This is evident in our paintings, carvings, basketry, songs, dances, prayer chants — and in the evolution of our hunting and fishing technologies. Through the process of evolution, the Huu-ay-aht adapted to our environment and its ecosystems and, as a consequence, the people became an integral part of the natural world in which we lived. The ancient wisdom and traditional practices were passed down from one generation to another with the result that the Huu-ay-aht have an understanding of food resource management based on thousands of years of practice. Many of

our food traditions concern the salmon. In our fish weir technology, salmon were hand-selected and the strong and healthy sent up river to reproduce. The non-edible parts of the salmon were always returned to the river, thereby feeding the river systems and all the life forms found within it. When I was a child, I was taught by my grandparents, great grandmothers and great grand-aunts to eat the skin of the salmon to keep me warm throughout the winter months, to suck the juices out of the spine to make sure my bones and blood would be strong and healthy, and to eat the brain of the salmon to help my own brain to grow and mature into wisdom. For thousands of years, the Huu-ay-aht First Nation has been recognized as a whale hunting nation all along the west coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. Our traditional practices ensured that the strong, healthy breeding stock was not removed from the population. Therefore, my whaling lineage teaches that our whalers only dispatch young whales. Another benefit is that young whales taste better than their older counterparts. Our legends emphasize how important whales were to the survival of our nation. One legend tells of a supernatural being, Kwut yaat, who transformed himself into a whale to save the people from starving when the annual whale migration did not occur. Kwut yaat was very clever but he

By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Vancouver - Calling the agreement a “sensible compromise”, BC Supreme Court Justice Jon Sigurdson gave his approval to the Nuu-chah-nulth Fisheries Litigation case management proposal put forward by lawyers representing the Nuu-chah-nulth, federal, and provincial governments. The three parties met in BC Supreme Court on September 26th. At the previous (June 23rd) Case Management conference Canada’s lawyers had stated they were not going to be ready to proceed with the original trial date of March 6, 2006, and would be seeking an adjournment. Since July the lawyers for the three parties have been negotiating the terms of an adjournment. Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations want to go to trial as soon as possible. The litigation was initiated in December 2003 and several expert Nuuchah-nulth witnesses have passed on since then. In the end it was agreed the case would proceed for four weeks of testimony starting in April 24, 2006. Nuu-chahknew that he needed the cooperation of Thunderbird. Since whales were the main source of food for Thunderbird, Kwut yaat floated around in the ocean, waiting patiently for Thunderbird to find him. When Thunderbird swooped down and grabbed him in his great talons to take him to his mountain nest, Kwut yaat asked him to fly north instead to find the whales, explaining that if Thunderbird agreed to do this, he would hold a huge potlatch and present Thunderbird with an incredible gift. Thunderbird agreed and they flew towards the north. After some time, they came across the whales floating in the ocean as if they were sleeping. Kwut yaat asked Thunderbird to drop him into the ocean amongst the whales. The waves woke the whales up and Kwut yaat led them back down the coast to the Huu-ay-aht territory. Once the migration had resumed, Kwut yaat held the potlatch he had promised where he presented Thunderbird with the gift of lightening snakes. The image of Thunderbird with the lightening snakes in his talons can still be seen in our art. This legend remains important to us even to this day, as it reminds Huu-ay-aht to be thankful for the whales that continue to migrate through our territory. Our belief system, spirituality and teachings associated with Huu-ay-aht whaling embody the very essence of our culture. As we pay reverence to our natural surroundings and food resources, we create an appreciation for the way the

nulth expert witnesses, including Nuuchah-nulth elders, will be able to give evidence during the initial four-week period. The case will then adjourn for a year, resuming in May 2007 for at least 16 weeks of court time.

“This is the court case for Nuuchah-nulth,” said Nelson Keitlah. “This started with questioning the management of DFO and has expanded into what it is now,” he said. Justice Sigurdon approved the consent agreement, and revisions to the Statement of Claim adding Huu-ay-aht, Ucluelet, and Kyuquot / Chekleseth as plaintiffs to the Nuu-chah-nulth litigation. Over 20 representatives from eight of the eleven plaintiff Nations were in attendance for the September 26th case management hearing at the Vancouver Law Courts. “This is the court case for Nuu-chahnulth,” said Nelson Keitlah. “This started with questioning the management of DFO and has expanded into what it is now,” he said. resources are managed and the way food is prepared for eating. Even the nonedible parts of the whale are returned to nature, feeding the life-forms along the shores of our communities. Being at one with nature, we also feed our physical and emotional well-being. For those of us who have been removed from our traditional food resources and are now consuming a foreign western diet, the negative consequences are measurable in both health and economics. Many of our people suffer from life-threatening or life-debilitating illnesses which have had a direct effect on our culture, traditional practices and nationhood. Because of these illnesses, our people are unable to truly fulfill their responsibilities to their families, their community and their nation. It must be recognized, therefore, that it is of the utmost importance that traditional foods be consumed to ensure healthy, selfsustaining communities with physicallyand emotionally-healthy leaders and community members. From the people in the North who survive on whales and marine mammals, to the people of the South who subsist on lamb and sheep, and all those societies in between, undoubtedly the food we eat determines who we are, how we live, and the values and principles we live by. Clearly the food we eat separates us from each other, creating distinct societies that should be celebrated rather than condemned.

Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 - Page 5

Language Conference attracts dozens of eager students By Denise August, Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Port Alberni –When Trevor Little started his job as Youth and Cultural Coordinator with Huu-ay-aht First Nation, he had an idea; organize a conference where all Nuu-chah-nulthaht interested in preserving and promoting the language would get together and brainstorm ideas to improve on what is already being done to save our language. He had one big problem, lack of funding. Little laughed when he said he waited until his work probation period was over before making the push for the conference. With limited financial resources he was told he could go ahead but would have to come up with a very low cost way of doing it. Planning officially started in July and Little said all he had to do then was phone all the First Nations and get the buzz going. Huu-ay-aht contributed funds for the catering and Tseshaht donated use of the Somass Hall. On September 29 dozens showed up at Somass Hall to talk about the Nuuchah-nulth language. There was representation from all three regions that all want to speak the same language but in different dialects based on the region they come from. The students of Ha-hu-payuk School demonstrated the strides they’ve made in preserving the language with prayers and songs that they preformed for the conference. The students are not only learning to sing in their own language but can also speak it.

J’net August, who was assisting in the facilitation of the conference asked the people to split up into three groups to work on ideas and planning. The group was instructed to talk about what is happening in their area with respect to language and what has been working. “We want to celebrate the success,” August said, “then let’s talk about what we can do to advance those successes; come up with action plans to help continue the preservation of your language and to ensure more of our people are learning it.” The groups did their work, and following lunch, held an open discussion about peoples thoughts on language preservation. It was an opportunity for elders to share advice and pass on traditional and spiritual teachings. It was also a time for those just learning the language to express their gratitude for the people and programs that aided in their learning. People thanked Huu-ay-aht for the opportunity to share ideas and praised Trevor Little for his ambition and passion when it comes to language. One example of things that are working said Cliff Atleo Sr. is the informal language classes people like his mother, Carrie Little holds in Port Alberni. The group he says is informal and any person interested in learning the language is welcome. The group meets at the homes of group members on Sundays for two hours. They start with a potluck dinner then work on language lessons. Atleo says it is very important that we promote and learn International

Josephine Thompson, Carrie Little and Maureen Sager at the language conference

Ha-ho-payuk students perform at the language conference phonetics. Doing so will not only allow us to properly read and write the language, but would also be a great help in speeding up the rate at which the language is learned. “If we keep doing what we’re doing,” Atleo declared, “we can have it back.” Rod Sayers also thanked the organizers saying in his community there are only two fluent speakers of the Hupacasath language. The eldest is Jessie Hamilton at 80 and the youngest is in his 70’s. Sayers said he is looking for ways to encourage more people to take an interest in learning the language. “It would be nice to put our political differences aside, collaborate and save our language,” he said. Pam Frank of Ahousaht says Maaqtusiis School offers both cultural and language classes starting with preschool and going all the way to grade twelve. Robert Dennis, Huu-ay-aht Chief Councilor thanked Little for ‘trying to do the things that their Ha’wiih want done.’ Even though money is tight, Dennis said his community has made language a priority and try spending their dollars on activities that promote the language. “There’s lots of excuses not to do it,” he said, “find the drive to do these things instead of finding excuses.” On a personal level Dennis said he has vowed to learn all the place names in HFN territory and he estimates he has learned about 40% of the names. He and a few council members have committed to learn a Nuu-chah-nulth phrase a day. Many elders stressed that it is important not to mock or tease someone who has made a mistake while learning the language. “We are all babies when it comes, to learning,” said one elder, “and we don’t make fun of babies.” “People quit trying when they’ve been teased,” said another. Coordinator Trevor Little said a report from this conference would be drawn up for presentation at the NTC Annual General Meeting. His goal for the conference is to get everyone on the same page. “Everybody has the same goal of saving the language,” he explained, “we all draw from the same

money pot; why not pool our resources and get more for our money?” He pointed out there are many books, dictionaries, computer programs and other teaching tools in the individual communities and schools. Rather than make more similar copies of each other’s work we could improve on what is already there and modify some to work with the different dialects. Little says he will keep in touch with the First Nations contacts over the coming months to keep the momentum going and make sure ‘everyone is still on the same page.’ “There’s lots of forestry company, mining company and church dollars out there that we can collectively approach for funding for language preservation and promotion,” he pointed out. “It would be nice to have funds targeted to parents of young children to ensure the start of learning/teaching initiatives in the home and funds to properly compensate the elders for the valuable gift they leave us.”

Benson Nookemus and Kathy Robinson at the language conference I would like to apologize to Kim Hiltz. Her name was unintentionally omitted from the VAST/DITIDAHT Community School 2005 Graduation Article published on July 14th, 2005. She graduated from Ditidaht Community School this past spring. Congratulations Kim! And again my deepest apologies. Chuuch Diane Gallic (Nuu-chah-Nulth Education Worker at VAST in Port Alberni)

R ESIDENTIAL SCHOOL C OMPENSATION AND HEALING To learn more about your rights if you attended residential school phone SCOTT HALL LAWYER VICTORIA 1-800-435-6625 CALL FREE ANYTIME

Page 6 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005

Education - h=a-h=o-pa Bladerunners launched By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Port Alberni - A project to help youth was officially launched last week as more than 25 people gathered for a dinner meeting at the North Island College campus to strategize. Started by Vancouver councilor, now mayoralty candidate Jim Green a decade ago, the Bladerunners program has already given more than 1000 homeless, under-privileged, and at-risk youth the opportunity to change their lives through employment in trades and construction. “It is about removing barriers to employment, long-term support and mentorship, it offers hope and change, and is a partnership between government, employers and the community,” said Bladerunners Provincial Coordinator Helen Boyce. “Bladerunners is a straightforward solution to the problems faced by at-risk youth in our community.”

“Bladerunners is a straightforward solution to the problems faced by at-risk youth in our community.” Bladerunners participants receive jobreadiness training, which can include funding for WHIMIS, First Aid, or other minor training programs, as well as funds for steel-toed boots, tool belt, tools, or other personal items required for the job. The employer receives a wage subsidy to encourage participation in the program, but some west coast employers have already waived this

subsidy because of their need for employees. “We already have 12 youth working for local contractors at $11 to $13 and hour because local contractors are desperate for help,” said Wes Guiboche, local Bladerunners board member, and VicePresident of United Native Nations Local 560 - Alberni Valley. Even though we’re not officially launched yet, things are happening. We have 60 partners in place including contractors, employment agencies, schools, and funding partners, but we need more. This is an expensive program but well worth the investment,” he said. “Our youth need our help now.”

“We already have 12 youth working for local contractors at $11 to $13 and hour because local contractors are desperate for help,” said Wes Guiboche According to Guiboche, Bladerunners has an 80-95% success rate, and a third of participants going on to apprenticeship programs within their chosen trade. “I worked for 4 years in Vancouver’s downtown eastside, and I saw how successful the program was there, in the very place where it started,” said Marcus Openheimer, president of the Port Alberni UNN. “Bladerunners provides employment, security, and career possibilities for our youth, and there is a great opportunity for this program to be highly successful in Port Alberni and throughout the west coast,” he said. For more information on the Bladerunners program and how you can become involved, contact Wes Guiboche at (250) 724-9866, or e-mail UNN560@shaw.ca

Marcus Openheimer and Wes Guiboche of the United Native Nations (UNN) lead a presentation on the Bladerunners at N.I. College

Meandering through Maaqtusiis By Denise August, Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Ahousaht – Maaqtusiis School is back in business for the 2005/06 school year and though the halls are a little overcrowded between classes; work gets done and the students continue to learn new things. School principal Greg Louie said the Ahousaht Education Authority hosted a staff community potluck dinner. The event was to allow the community to meet new staff and welcome back the longer-term staff members. Students participated in the Annual Terry Fox run on September 23rd and raised an estimated $1,800 for cancer research. In recent technology updates, Maaqtusiis School’s computer class offers high-speed internet access through a satellite system. The system is too small to service the entire school so computers outside the computer lab must access the Internet through dial-up connection. Infotech Instructor Richard Pesik provides maintenance service to the computers at the school and college. The Ahousaht school and college, he says, have had the satellite system for a year now through funding from First Nations Schoolnet.

Maaqtusiis School is back in business for the 2005/06 school years and though the halls are a little overcrowded between classes; work gets done and the students continue to learn new things. Students taking the Infotech class experiment with graphics software that allows them to make three-dimensional drawings that they can animate. Examples of their work are displayed on the walls of the classroom. Pesik says the course allows students to experiment and develop their skills so they can go on to more advanced training if they so wish. More recently, Ahousaht’s Administrative services and buildings including the Clinic, Band Office, and Holistic Centre have access to high speed internet but the service is not yet available to the larger community. Band Manager Pam Frank says the Administrative staff pushed for the highspeed network service so that financial matters could be attended to more securely and efficiently. The High School Foods class was having a bake-off on September 20th. Grade 10 to 12 students of Lil Webster’s foods class were invited to bake their own specialties then allow school staff and visitors to sample their products and leave comments. The students were free to bake cookies, cake, fried bread, bannock, pancakes,

Students learn to make fried bread and bannock. muffins, crumb cakes and tea biscuits. Many did so from memory, without the use of written recipes. The baked goods were spread out on the tables in the foods class so that visitors could take samples. The following are two recipes students graciously shared. The two young ladies made their fried bread and bannock from memory; and it was delicious! They sat down and wrote their recipes to share with you, the HaShilth-Sa readers!

Fried Bread Courtesy of Barbara Sutherland, grade 10 Ingredients: 2 cups flour, ½ teaspoon sugar; ½ teaspoon baking powder, 1 ½ cups milk Method: mix all four ingredients together then put about 2 tablespoons of mixture on a frying pan (with hot oil). Fry until brown underneath then flip and fry other side. Burner should be set high or 400 f.

Bannock Courtesy of Chrystal Thomas, grade 10 Ingredients: 4 cups flour, 2 ½ teaspoons baking powder, dash of salt, 2 teaspoons sugar, ¼ cup shortening, 1 ½ cup water Method: mix together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar. Add shortening and water and mix just until not so sticky. Grease pan with butter or margarine and bake at 300f. for 30 minutes.

Maaqtusiis principal Greg Louie

Maaqtusiis students get help in the computer lab

October 6, 2005 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - Page 7

Construction on Ahousaht’s new high school may start in 2006 By Denise August, Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Ahousaht - Maaqtusiis School Principal Greg Louie reports that final financial approval from INAC is near and if all goes well, construction for a stand-alone High School building should begin in 2006. Louie says the drawings are in the hands of INAC who they hope will respond with final approval by November 2005. If the expected approval goes through by November or December ground breaking for the new school could begin as early as Spring 2006 with a tentative completion date of Autumn 2007. Louie says the seven-room building will be located on the hill behind the existing school and preschool building. The one storey building planned by Thaddeus D. Young Architect Ltd. is designed to allow for construction options for future growth. In 1986 when Maaqtusiis Elementary Secondary School first opened there was

an enrolment of 150 students from Kindergarten to grade twelve plus a few Nursery students. In 2005 enrollment has increased by 100 students from Kindergarten to grade twelve plus an additional number of HeadStart and Preschool students and a daycare that operates out of a portable behind the school. Louie says a small building was constructed 15 years earlier to accommodate a preschool class and daycare centre but the facility has been maxed out. Additionally, two portables were brought in to house the language/culture class and for a grade five classroom. Ahousaht has a cleared a large new subdivision and Louie speculates that once the infrastructure is in place there along with new housing construction enrollment at the school will vastly increase again. This year he says there are 24 children enrolled in Kindergarten, about the same number one would find in a large city classroom.

Nights Alive Program for Youth Submitted by Deb Barr Parks and Recreation Every Saturday night from 8:00 to 12:00 midnight Nights Alive provides free recreational and social activities for youth 12 to 18 years of age. The program takes place at various facilities around the community including: Gyro Youth Centre, Friendship Center, Glenwood Sports Centre, Echo Aquatic Centre, A.V. Multiplex, and Alberni School Fieldhouse. Staff provide rides between facilities during the evening with a Parks and Recreation van and rides home at the end of the night to help ensure that youth get home safely. There is no charge for any of this - it’s a fun and affordable place for youth to go on Saturday nights.

Adult Volunteers Needed! Additional adults are needed to help with the program, so if you are an adult who enjoys working with youth and want to help provide a safe and fun place for youth to go, please consider volunteering for the program. Even if you can only help out once every month or two, it would be beneficial. Volunteer application forms and job descriptions with further information are available at Echo Centre.

Youth Volunteers Needed! Youth volunteers are involved in the

planning and delivery of the program and work with the staff and adults volunteers. The Nights Alive youth committee consists of youth, staff and volunteers who meet on a monthly basis to provide input and help oversee the program. The first youth committee meeting of the new Fall season is scheduled for Sat. Oct. 1 at 7:30 p.m. at Gyro Youth Centre. Youth who attend the Nights Alive program are encouraged to attend.

Nights Alive Fall Schedule A complete schedule for the Nights Alive program for September December is available to pick up at Echo Centre, the Friendship Center, Glenwood Centre, the Aquatic Centre or the Multiplex. There are also posters at the schools and various businesses around town. The Nights Alive program is a partnership between Parks and Recreation, the Port Alberni Friendship Center, A.V. Community School, the RCMP, A.V. Drug and Alcohol Prevention Services and volunteer assistance from our local Citizens on Patrol Society.

If you’d like more information on Nights Alive or about volunteering for the program, please call Deb at 723-2181 or Cathy at 723-5603. They’d like to hear from you. Thanks.

FREE Problem Gambling Counselling and Educational Presentations Also providing Counselling Services for: Emotional Issues, Transition & Personal Growth Academic & Employment Issues

Call: 720.5306

Toll Free: 1.800.720.5306 E-mail: kiyaservices@shaw.ca www.kiyaservices.com Karin Schafflik Registered Counsellor

Funded by the Ministry of Public Safety & Solicitor General

From Chance to Change

Tournaments Men’s Basketball Tournament October 7, 8, 9, 2005, Ahousaht Entry Fee: $250. Prize: $1000. Contact Travis Thomas 250-670-9531 Ladies Basketball Tournament October 21, 22 & 23, 2005, Ahousaht Entry Fee: $200. – Prize $750. Contact Travis Thomas 250-670-9531

Attention All Basketball Players Basketball Tournaments Gold River Date: October 29 & 30 Place: Tsaxana Gym Time: Saturday 10:00 a.m. Cost: $15.00 per player Maximum 8 players’ pert team, a girl on the floor at all times. All monies raised for this tournament will go towards the Jr. Boys Basketball Team. So come on out and support our tournament. Also please hand in your rosters to me by Friday at 5:00 p.m. You could also fax your rosters to me at (250) 283-2012. I’m here till 4:30. Contact person Adrienne Amos (250) 283-2158 (h) (250) 283-2012 (w). John Amos (250) 283-7730. Date: November 26 & 27, 2005 Place: Tsaxana Gym Time: Saturday 10:00 a.m. Cost: $15.00 per player Maximum 8 players per team. A girl on the floor at all times. All monies raised for this tournament will go towards the Grads of 2005/2006. So come on out and support the Grads of 2005/2006. You could also fax your rosters to me at (250) 2832012. I’m here till 4:30. Contact person: Adrienne Amos (250) 283-2158 (h) (250) 283-2012 (w).

Maaqtusiis Lady Storm Hawaii Bound for 13th Annual Palama Settlement Classic Maaqtusiis Lady Storm Senior Girls School Team are planning for a tournament in Hawaii in December. We will be fundraising to take 12 players and 4 chaperones on this trip of a lifetime. If there is any way you can help us we would appreciate it. You can contact Rebecca Atleo at the school 670-9589 or at home 670-2390.

FUND RAISER LAHAL TOURNAMENT When: October 22nd/23rd, 2005 Where: Somass Hall, Port Alberni Entry fee $100 per team/ 2-8 players per team Any questions please call Jackie Coon 725-2299, Joe Curley Jr. 725-3842, or Tim Manson 725-2704. We are fundraising for our daughter/niece/granddaughter’s surgery in Vancouver.

Applications are being accepted for a qualified teacher to tutor Grades K to 12 in Math and English. This is an on-call position and will be paid at a rate of $20 per hour. Please submit resume and cover letter to: Tseshaht First Nations, Education Committee, 5000 Mission Road, P.O. Box 1218, Port Alberni, BC, V9Y 7M1 or Fax: (250) 724-4385.

Page 8 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005

Tsu’xiit’s close call with captivity By David Wiwchar Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Nootka Sound’s famous killer whale was close to becoming an aquarium exhibit, according to documents obtained by Ha-Shilth-Sa under the federal Access to Information Program (ATIP).

Nootka Sound’s famous killer whale was close to becoming an aquarium exhibit, according to documents obtained by HaShilth-Sa under the federal Access to Information Program. Known to Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations as Tsu’xiit, the whale is known throughout the world as Luna, or L98 (reflecting his birth order within the L pod). Tsu’xiit came to Nootka Sound in July 2001, as a two-year old juvenile orca. It is believed by some that as L-pod swam past the entrance to Nootka Sound, Luna followed his oldest uncle into the sound only to become abandoned when the patriarch suddenly died. The Mowachaht / Muchalaht believe there is a strong connection between Tsu’xiit and their late Tyee Ha’wilth Ambrose Maquinna who died days before the whale’s arrival, and only weeks after telling another Ha’wiih that

‘Leave Luna Alone’ continued from page 1 and experts agree that the likelihood of success for such an intervention is not assured,” he said. “I have major misgivings about this from a number of points - hazard to the animal, cost, necessity (???), and particularly, given the whale’s behaviour - the implications both for the whale and for the public. If we move this whale to our most populous area with huge numbers of recreational boats and other traffic, hazards to the whale from collisions, interactions with people, boaters, kayakers, etc. etc. will be hugely increased. There is also no guarantee that L98 will reunite with the southern resident groups of whales. This needs careful policy considerations in addition to whatever a scientific panel might conclude.”

“The scientific panel concluded that an intervention involving capture and translocation was unlikely to result in successful reunification.” “Since initial surveys, there have been no cases where a young whale observed to be absent from its matriline for more than a few days has returned independently to that matriline or any other group,” wrote Lara Sloan in a DFO Communications Plan. “The scientific panel concluded that an intervention involving capture and translocation of L98 to waters off southern Vancouver Island, where he would be released in proximity to his natal group, was unlikely to result in successful reunification. Such an operation may inadvertently put L98 at increased risk, as he would be placed in an unfamiliar area in which to forage for food, and the considerably higher density of boats would provide increased distraction and danger of

he intended to return as a killer whale (a customary belief amongst Nuu-chahnulth). As the months passed, young Tsu’xiit began to rub against boats which were no match for his 14’ long, 3,000 lb. mass. He broke small engines off the back of sports fishing boats, tillers off sailboats, and ripped sonar-emitting transducers off the bottom of many vessels. Facing hundreds of dollars in repairs, many boaters began calling on Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) to do something about Tsu’xiit, who was quickly gaining international media attention as a natural oddity. Initially, DFO was unwilling to react, citing lack of funds as the reason. But after more boats were damaged, media and public attention on Tsu’xiit grew to the point where DFO could no longer ignore the situation. A 17-member Scientific Panel was formed with 9 Canadian and 8 American participants: 4 from DFO, 4 from the National Marine Fisheries Service, 3 from Vancouver Aquarium, and other members from the BC Centre for Animal Health, Centre for Whale Research (WA), OrcaLab (BC), University of Washington, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the Whale Museum in Friday Harbor (WA). “An attempt to reunite [Luna] with his pod should be tried one way or another,” injury,” she wrote. “Physical relocation would be considered high risk, as there are many unknowns. The Scientific Panel has concluded that L98 is not essential for the Southern Resident’s recovery [and] DFO is concerned that a failed attempt of reintroduction, may lead to the necessity to remove this animal from the wild for reason of public safety or to protect the whale.” DFO was uninterested in calls to remove Tsu’xiit from Nootka Sound, mostly because of the prohibitive costs such a mammoth effort would require. But then things changed. A barrage of thousands of e-mails, phone calls, and media enquiries from around the globe began pouring in through every phone line and computer cable in every DFO office across the country. Hundreds of DFO personnel became involved in the file. “DFO has been forced to respond to challenges posed by conservation groups and media,” wrote Joyce. “A few of these conservation groups have taken a keen interest in L98’s welfare and have been very active by promoting its relocation and reintroduction to the media.” “Yes, the whole issue has reached a fevered pitch!” replied RDG John Davis. “I think Marilyn has many hundreds of such emails. I think the upper DFO echelon is taking notice, and a decision should be ‘coming down’ this week, I’m told.” “DFO roles in this would likely be media management, oversight to ensure licence conditions are met and enforcement response,” wrote Marilyn Joyce in an e-mail to Max Stanfield and Brian Wong on September 24th, 2003. Then three lines further she wrote she “cannot handle the constant media calls”, suggesting media management might not be DFO’s forte’. “The media are constantly looking for details and interview. In addition to the Reunite Luna Website people and the Orca Network are fanning out information,

Tsu’xiit evades capture, for now. wrote Dr. Richard Osborne, Research Director of the Whale Museum in an email on May 30th, 2003. “I think it is most likely he will stop his fixation on humans and boats once he is in his natural social environment again. If that does not occur rapidly after he is reunited with his pod, then by definition, that failure means he is still hanging around boats, rather than other killer whales, and would be easy to capture and put in captivity. So if reuniting works, the problem is solved. If reuniting does not work, he will be easy to capture and the problem is solved,” he wrote. “DFO has indicated they are happy to opinions and speculations several times a day. In addition, I have well over 1000 emails which I suspect that Minister is also getting,” wrote Joyce. Over the next month, operations went into high gear as DFO in consultation with their Scientific Panel developed a “Luna Reintroduction Action Plan” which was released to the public on October 2nd. At least one member of the science panel suggested that it might be better for Luna if people simply forgot about trying to reunify him and sent him straight to the tank. On October 5th, 2003, David Bain from the University of Washington advised a group of NGOs that since DFO had “authorized the use of lethal force at any time if necessary to protect people . . . if you’re seriously concerned about the story ending in his death in the near future, you may want to advocate for permanent captivity now.”

“If you’re seriously concerned about the story ending in his death in the near future, you may want to advocate for permanent captivity now.” As the reunification plan developed, the possibility of captivity in the case of a failed reunion was always part of the scenario, as the plan never specified how ‘failure’ would be determined. Back on August 6, 2003, before DFO had made its official decision to go ahead with reunification, Don Radford, a regional director at DFO, wrote about options under consideration, suggesting the plan had “some chance of reuniting L98 with its pod.” Then he added: “Also, demonstrating some effort was made to reunite L98 with its pod would make captivity a more publicly palatable option if that is the ultimate outcome.” Clearly, many people tasked with developing the reunification plan felt Luna was doomed to captivity.

leave L98 in the wild as long as he does not pose a threat to people, whether or not he has reunited with other whales,” David Bain from the University of Washington wrote to other Scientific Panel members and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). “They have also authorized the use of lethal force at any time if necessary to protect people, which would be a much less likely outcome if he were placed directly in permanent captivity rather than going through with the relocation plan, so if you’re seriously concerned about the story ending in his death in the near future, you may want to advocate for permanent captivity now,” he warned. After months of meetings, the Scientific Panel developed their plan. Tsu-xiit would be lured into a net pen, examined by veterinarians, shipped on a truck down island to Pedder Bay, placed in another net pen, and when his pod came by, he would be released. If Tsu’xiit got into trouble, he would either be captured for an aquarium, or killed. “If a serious incident occurs to a member of the public, we will likely be left with no option but to capture the whale and send him to some aquarium, a measure we will be highly criticized for. If the whale comes to harm, again we will be criticized for not meeting our mandated responsibilities,” DFO’s Marine Mammal Coordinator Marilyn Joyce wrote to superiors Ron Kadowaki and Don Radford on July 15th, 2003. “Given that it is looking like maintaining this whale in Nootka Sound is no longer a valid, long-term option, we may wish to reconsider whether we are prepared to authorized some qualified group the opportunity to attempt a relocation, with the understanding that if should fail they would recapture the whale and place it

David Wiwchar with 12 volumes of documents (more than 1600 pages) obtained through ATIP.

October 6, 2005 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - Page 9 continued from previous page in captivity. Taking a proactive approach of authorization may shift the financial burden to an outside agency rather than coming to a point where we (DFO) would be responsible for dealing with the animal after a serious incident,” she wrote.

“DFO seems ready to conclude that Luna is a dangerous nuisance, which would provide sufficient cause to allow him to be captured and taken to a marine park. Without a doubt there is tremendous pressure on DFO from marine parks to capture Luna for the marine park industry.” “Approaches other than capture and placement in a long-term captive facility will likely require significant and ongoing contributions of staff time and money,” DFO Regional Director John Davis wrote to Assistant Deputy Minister Pat Chamut “This will mean that work on other important initiatives, such as the Marine Mammal regulations, which would benefit the species as a whole, will be adversely affected. There is high public interest in this issue fuelled by extensive media coverage,” he wrote. “A reasonable, but limited time would be established for L98 to rejoin his population. If L98 failed to reintegrate within the time period, or continued to be a public safety concern, he would be recaptured and placed in a suitable facility or possibly be euthanized as a last resort. The third party must agree to and conduct these activities as a condition of approval.” DFO did not have the resources to conduct such a project on their own. After putting out a call for interested organizations to assist, DFO chose the Vancouver Aquarium to implement the plan, but if the reintroduction of Tsu’xiit to L pod didn’t work, the aquarium would be responsible for recapturing him and placing him in “permanent captivity”. “Either he will be relocated by undetermined means to Haro Strait or the Strait of Juan de Fuca in hopes he will find and rejoin his family, or he will be captured and brought to a marine park, where he would eventually be placed on public display as part of the unnamed park’s marine Mammal collection,” Susan Berta and Howard Garrett of Orca Network wrote to Marilyn Joyce on September 3rd, 2003. “DFO seems ready to conclude that Luna is a dangerous nuisance, which would provide sufficient cause to allow him to be captured and taken to a marine park. Without a doubt there is tremendous pressure on DFO from marine parks to capture Luna for the marine park industry. Trainable orcas are extremely valuable commodities. They are dying faster than they are being born in captivity, and live captures have been prevented worldwide due to a still-rising tide of public opposition. Six Flags amusement parks in particular, which actively sought to obtain Springer, is believed to be very interested in Luna. Six Flags in Ohio recently tried to buy two orcas, but could only get one, so they desperately need a new orca. There are several other marine parks and aquariums in the US and Canada that are very interested in Luna as well,” they warned.

The connections between Tsu’xiit, DFO, and aquariums were obvious. Not only was the Vancouver Aquarium in charge of the operation, but the large tank brought in to transport the whale from Gold River to Pedder Bay was on loan from Six Flags Marine Park in Vallejo, California. “We have identified that one of the risks of intervening is that, if it failed, then there may be no option than to place him in captivity, as he can be a danger to himself and the public given his current behaviors,” Marilyn Joyce replied to Orca Network on September 5th. “I also want to assure you that DFO has not had any solicitations from aquariums or marine parks about taking Luna,” she wrote. But discussions between DFO and aquariums were beginning. Marineland Aquarium from Niagara Falls had been trying to organize a meeting with senior DFO officials for weeks. In the request letter from MarineLand, the person, whose name was whited out, wrote: “As Luna continues to interact with the public, the public’s infatuation with him will only be enhanced, further jeopardizing any re-introduction to a pod. . . . The introduction of Luna to our killer whale family will enhance our breeding program and introduce a new gene pool for future generations.”

Subject: Marineland’s request to meet with the Minister We have to provide recommendation on whether the Minister should meet with Marineland (Marineland’s letter dated Sept. 22). Please confirm your concurrence on the proposed recommendation by September 26. Wong e-mail from Brian Wong to Marilyn Joyce & Max Stanfield, Sept 24/03 From the records it appears that the request for a meeting with the Fisheries Minister was denied, but that Marineland was given a name and number to contact “with its technical proposal” about Luna. Another undated DFO document filed in the same time period as the above documents, with some of its text whited out, states that: “DFO is soliciting proposals from organizations for permanent care of Luna should attempts to re-unite Luna with its family pod fail. . . . DFO is prepared to consider Marineland as a potential facility to care (permanent) for Luna.” A Memorandum for the Minister had been sent detailing how “the live capture of marine mammals from the wild in Canada has been permitted, and depending on species, continues to be permitted by DFO for such things as research and public awareness”. The memorandum went on to list the 13 facilities that hold captive marine mammals in Canada, and the three aquaria with whales and dolphins: Marineland in Niagara Falls, Vancouver Public Aquarium, and West Edmonton Mall. “I would agree that keeping the decision at arm’s length and transparent would be a good process … there are alliances that we need to be sensitive to,” Marilyn Joyce wrote in an e-mail to Max Stanfield, DFO Director of Resource Management, on September 25th, 2003.

“We have two basic choices. One is to give L98 a single chance - if he ‘blows it’ & gets into trouble, that’s it … he goes to a tank & the ‘problem’ is solved,” Paul Spong of Orca Lab wrote to fellow Scientific Panel members. “The other is to give him at least one additional chance. As you know, I think the likelihood of Luna blowing it the first time out of the gate is considerable. It’s a lot to expect of him, and of the other orcas, to imagine that the behavior patterns he has learned over the past 2.5 years can be unlearned immediately,” he said.

“I can only see L98 being moved as it has become a nuisance to marine traffic, not because it needs its family,” countered renowned orca expert John Ford of DFO’s Cetacean Research Branch. Though DFO was organizing the capture, they wanted little to do with it, and no financial responsibilities. On a copy of the action plan, Chamut handwrote: “We can contribute expertise, but no funding.” The Action Plan that Chamut signed on September 8, 2003, included the explicit condition the relocation be carried out without funding support from DFO. “Last weekend I sent you a copy of the memo from the Pacific region that recommending an approach to deal with L98 currently [residing] at Gold River, and indicated that I agree that we need to proceed to relocate the animal and effect reintegration with the animals pod,” Pat Chamut wrote in an e-mail to Max Stanfield, John Davis and Paul Sprout. “My approval is subject to a few conditions - namely that [relocation] is without financial cost to DFO (contributions in kind and expertise only); [whited out] that there is effective communications to accompany the exersize; and that it is clear that if there are any problems with reintegration that put humans at risk, that L-98 will need to be recaptured for placement in an institution.” DFO officials rushed to figure out the rationale they would use for placing Luna in permanent captivity – even in the United States if necessary. On September 9, 2003, Marilyn Joyce received an e-mail from Brian Wong, an advisor to the Minister, which covered Canada’s policy on live capture of cetaceans for aquariums. “If L98 is to go to an aquarium in the US (in the event that reunification was unsuccessful), it is important that DFO licenses it for rescue and rehabilitate purposes (valid scientific merit!),” wrote Wong. But clear policy guidelines were lacking. “The live capture policy deals with

applications for public education and display or research, and is not relevant in this case,” Stanfield wrote in an email to Joyce. “It was not developed as a guideline for rescuing animals in trouble or distress. The purpose of rescuing marine mammals is the safety of the animal,” he said. “I can only see L98 being moved as it has become a nuisance to marine traffic, not because it needs its family,” countered renowned orca expert John Ford of DFO’s Cetacean Research Branch. If no external organization came up with a plan to fund and carry out a reunification attempt, DFO was prepared to send Luna directly to an aquarium. When asked in an internal e-mail what “Plan B” was, Nancy Fowler, of DFO’s Public Affairs and Strategic Communications Directorate in Ottawa, wrote the following: “Ultimately, plan B is captivity. . . . Should no group come forward, and DFO is left ‘holding the bag’ so to speak, the communications roll-out pertaining to capture and captivity of the whale would need to stick-handled delicately in highly emotionally-charged environment. As I understand it, DFO would put the call out for an aquarium interested in acquiring a killer whale. DFO would issue a licence for the aquarium to capture the whale and transport it to its new home.” “In this case, captivity or euthanasia may be the only feasible option,” Lara Sloan wrote in the DFO draft communications plan.

“In this case, captivity or euthanasia may be the only feasible option,” Lara Sloan wrote in the DFO draft communications plan. Two years later, DFO is still ‘holding the bag’ after their attempted capture of Tsu’xiit in June 2003 was thwarted by the Mowachaht / Muchalaht First Nation. The net pen and operations center constructed at the former Bowater Mill site in Gold River has long been disassembled and sent back to Vancouver and Vallejo. Tsu’xiit continues to frolic in Nootka Sound, bumping up against the occasional boat but kept from harm by Mowachaht / Muchalaht guardians. His interaction with boats and boaters, and calls for his relocation, has dropped considerably since Mowachaht / Muchalaht stewardship activities began. Although DFO has not repealed its action plan or possibility of capture, the Mowachaht / Muchalaht First Nation are doing everything possible to keep Tsu’xiit free from captivity in Nootka Sound.

Whale transport tank from Six Flags Marine Park in Vallejo, CA

Page 10 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005

October 6, 2005 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - Page 11

Ahousaht Ha-wilth names 20 grandchildren By Denise August Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Maaqtusiis – Ahousaht Hawilth, Rocky Kano-pit Titian invited family and friends to feast, celebrate and witness the naming of 20 children. The feast was held October 1 and the 20 guests of honour were the grandchildren, great grandchildren, and great, great grandchildren of Kano-pit’s late parents, John ‘Amby’ and Margaret Titian. People arrived from Kyuquot, Alert Bay, Huu-ay-aht, Tla-o-qui-aht, and Muckleshoot. They started their evening with a generous feast that included fish, seal meat, crab, gooseneck barnacles, and duck soup along with landlubber foods like turkey, deer meat and ham. When everyone reconvened after dinner, they were told that 20 children would receive names over the course of the evening. The children would be introduced five at a time and, it was explained several names would come from spouses of the Titian woman. Emcee Roman Frank said Kano-pit chose to invite the fathers of the babies to select names for their children as a show of respect, an acknowledgement that the babies have family outside the Titian house. By doing this he would demonstrate to the people how far the roots of his family have extended. The first baby to be introduced was Hailey Donahue who made her grand entrance with her parents, Rene Charlie and David Donahue aboard the Yashmakats canoe. The Frank family, who represent Donahue’s mother Marie, loaned the canoe and song to Titian for his party. Frank and Titian men symbolically paddled the young family into the celebration to introduce Kanopit’s first and only granddaughter.

The first baby to be introduced was Hailey Donahue who made her grand entrance with her parents, Rene Charlie and David Donahue aboard the Yashmakats canoe. Titian then presented Huu-ay-aht Ha’wilth Benson Nookemis a yew wood paddle saying it was important to acknowledge the family connections between the Titians and Huu-ay-aht. It was later explained that the Titian family of Ahousaht are direct descendants of a Huu-ay-aht Tyee Ha’wilth. Huu-ay-aht were the first guests to perform a few song and dances, the most popular being the bear dance as the ‘growling bears’ startled the children. The first group of five children were introduced: Hailey Donahue, Shakyla Croft, Emma Dick, Ethan Dick and

Aaron Dick. Baby Hailey was given a name by her paternal grandmother, Marie Donahue. Shakyla Croft was named by her paternal great grandmother, Nellie Dennis of Huu-ay-aht. Shakyla’s parents are Melissa Dick and Justin Croft. Emma Dick was named by Sarah John (nee Paul), from her maternal grandfather, Larry Paul’s side of the family. Her parents are Melissa Dick and Justin Croft. Ethan and Aaron Dick were given names from their maternal grandmother, Arlene Paul’s side of the family. Their mother is Melissa Dick. Robert Dennis, speaking on behalf of Huu-ay-aht said the main reason two of their Ha’wiih came to the celebration was to support his mother and elder Nellie Dennis. She wanted to come to Ahousaht to see the naming of her two great granddaughters, Shakyla and Emma and her people came with her. He confirmed Huu-ay-aht’s

acknowledgement of their close family ties to the Titian family. In a more somber part of the evening, Kano-pit’s Aunt, Elder Lena Jumbo, presented the songs and dances that her late husband owned. She asked that all recording devices be turned off and that there be no applause. After the performances, McKenzie Charlie was called forward to receive the regalia and other gifts from Jumbo. Speaker Ron Hamilton explained that Lena wants to put her nephew in the place of her late husband, Carl Jumbo, to have everything that belonged to him; and she wanted the community to bear witness to the transfer. Charlie, Hamilton said, is now the owner of the songs and dances and if anyone wants to use them, they must go to McKenzie. Charlie also received the name of his late uncle and gifts of drums to give to his brothers. The next group of children to receive names were Ashton Dick, Aaliyah Dick, Jamie Bulwer, Dezray Frank and Mason Frank. Ashton Dick’s name came from Klemtu, his father, Vern Brown’s side of the family. His mother is Adrienne Dick. Aaliyah Dick’s name came from Ehattesaht, her father, Kyle Adam’s side of the family. Her mother is Christina Dick.

Jamie Bulwer’s name came from her maternal grandfather, Wilfred Atleo and family. Her parents are Inez Paul and Blair Bulwer. Dezray Frank’s name comes from her maternal great grandmother, Cecelia Titian, who happened to be celebrating her 63rd birthday that day. Dezray’s parents are Melanie Titian and James Frank. Mason Frank’s came from his paternal great grandfather, the late Archie Frank Sr.; Mason’s parents are June Titian and Peter Frank Jr. Guest from Muckleshoot thanked Kanopit for the invitation then performed some dances before inviting Ahousaht and all of the Central Region to their home during the summer of 2006 for the next annual canoe journeys. They gave their host a paddle as a gift. A delegation from Tla-o-qui-aht performed several songs and dances including ones from Kingcome Inlet. Ed

Coon, who married into Tla-o-qui-aht happily shared culture from his home and thanked Kano-pit for allowing him to do so. Leo Manson Sr. of Tla-o-qui-aht said he was honored that Kano-pit requested names from his family for this occasion when his grandchildren were being named. After consulting with his elders however, he was instructed to host his own feast and ‘claim’ the children by naming them in his own traditional territory. He said he supports Kano-pit in what he is doing and shows his respect by giving gifts and money, assuring him that the two children will receive names at a future date in Tla-o-qui-aht territory and Kano-pit would be invited. Titian thanked Manson for his support and respect. Not wanting to leave the children out, he gave Abigail and Darren Titian-Manson names from his house that they could use until they receive their Tla-o-qui-aht names. The children’s

Kano-pit and wife Maryanne dance in celebration parents are Margaret Titian and John Leo Manson. Mike, Ellen, Joey, Carla and Darien, the children of Mike Titian and Cecilia John were given names from Kelly John, Kyuquot, their mother’s side of the family. Tony Titian, whose mother is Andrea Titian received a name from his father, John Keitlah. Addy David’s daughters, Cecelia and Shae received names from Kano-pit. Kenny David, Arianna David, John David and Brianne David, the children of Margaret David all received names from Kano-pit. Margaret’s spouse, Anthony Dawson thanked Titian by singing a few songs from his home, Alert Bay. Kano-pit ended the party with a performance of his Hinkeets dance and gave generous gifts to his supporters and guests. The last guests left Thunderbird Hall at 7a.m., Sunday morning. There were several invitations for parties issued during the evening: ¾ Howard Little will host a memorial feast for his daughter, Amber and a grandchild on October 15 at Maht Mahs, Port Alberni. ¾ The David family will be hosting a memorial feast in honour of the late Dan and Steve David on October 15 in Tofino. ¾ Sharon Marshall invited the people to a memorial feast November 19 at Maht Mahs, Port Alberni. ¾ The Atleo family announced a coming of age party for Janelle Louie on October 15 at Ahousaht.



l-r: babies Ashton Dick, Mason Frank, Dezray Frank and Aaliyah Dick

The Vancouver Island Aboriginal Trust Advisory Committee (VIATAC) invites Aboriginal communities to apply for funding for projects that work towards Aboriginal children and family unity, and building bridges between communities and agencies. This is a one-time only $2 million fund being co-administered by the Victoria Foundation and Queen Alexandra Foundation for Children. Grant criteria and proposal information can be found at www.victoriafoundation.ba.ca or www.queenalexandra.org. DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS IS OCTOBER 28, 2005. For more information, please contact the Vancouver Island Aboriginal Trust Advisory Committee, c/o the Victoria Foundation at 250-381-5532.

Page 12 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005

Disability Access Awareness Committee gathers By Denise August, Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter, Maht Mahs – The fifth annual Disability Access Awareness Committee (DAC) Fair finally went ahead September 20 – 21 after several months of postponements. DAC Chairperson Helen Dick said the annual fair was to take place earlier this year but due to circumstances beyond the control of organizers, the dates were eventually moved to the fall. This year’s fair featured displays, health information tables and weight/blood pressure checks by a nursing student. Participants were invited to listen to resource people talk about health care issues and resources available to (and not available to) Nuu-chah-nulth people. They were provided health conscious, nutritious meals and snacks and they heard about traditional healthy living and healing methods. Tseshaht elder Bob Thomas said the morning prayer on day two followed by opening remarks from Richard Watts. “Yesterday lots of good information came out,” he said, “we discussed traditional methods, medicines and diets. Our way and knowledge of foods and medicines took thousands of years of knowledge passed down through the generations.” He went on to explain that it takes more than 1,200 years to adapt to new diets and in the interim we face illness and disease and, as Nuu-chah-nulth, we are only 159 years in. “Why must we do this when there is nothing wrong with our own diets?” he asked. He reminded the small audience that it is important to look after one another and our disabled people; to remember them in emergencies like tsunami warnings. He recalled a time seeing someone pushing someone up a steep hill in a wheelchair during a tsunami warning but someone in a vehicle eventually pulled over to offer assistance. The Keynote speaker, Julia Lucas of Hesquiaht said she worked at their Rediscovery Camps for six years telling traditional stories handed down through the generations; stories that teach moral lessons or values such as patience, prejudice, shame, generosity and others. Lucas told the story in her NCN language then translated to English along the way. She explained that stories lose richness in translation to the English language but she took pains to explain the moral of each story. One of her stories, which is not recounted verbatim tells of a protective Ha’wilth who was so concerned about the virtue of his daughter, the princess, that he got a dog to guard her from any man who might be tempted to visit her in the night. “A handsome young man would visit her at night,” Lucas recounted, “ and he thought it was okay with the father because the dog didn’t bark.” When the girl got pregnant, the father demanded to know whom the man was and the daughter could not answer. Her father gave her a jar of pitch and told her ‘next time he comes rub this pitch down his back.’ The following day the Chief examined the backs of all his men but none had pitch on them. He later discovered only the dog appointed to guard his daughter had pitch on its back. Ashamed, the

Chief called the rest of the family to move away and leave the pregnant girl behind. Her only connection with the family was a sympathetic uncle who would visit her from time to time. The story goes that the daughter had ‘a litter of puppies, one female and nine males.’ One night as the princess went out clam digging, she heard singing. She returned home and found the ‘the female singing and the nine sons dancing’. As they danced, they took off their fur coats and revealed that each child had a gift; they were hunters, whalers, fishermen and more. There was more to the story but in the end, the Princess’s father heard of his daughter’s newfound wealth, which came through the talents of her children. He decided he would move the tribe back to their original home. The Princess, angry at being abandoned in the first place, flapped her long hair in the ocean upon seeing the returning canoes causing waves, which capsized the canoes, causing the people to turn into rocks. Those rocks are now a visible landmark in Hesquiaht legend. The story, Lucas says, teaches about never judging people, ‘sometimes the Creator tests us’, she said. Some of her other stories taught lessons such as never mistreating a child (or anyone). “They have ancestors and families who will always look after them,” Lucas explained. She spoke of elder’s teachings and how people should be acknowledged when they’ve been taught right. Lucas said people need to accept discipline because it means that someone cares enough to help loved ones avoid mistakes. “A person who has been taught right shows it through the way they act and the way they treat people,” she explained, “it is a reflection of how their family has brought them up.” The fair wound down with an open discussion that started with diet and nutrition. Julia Lucas talked about her family and their struggle with one of Nuu-chah-nulth’s biggest ailments, ‘Diabetes the sweet assassin,’ she called it. “We don’t realize how much sugar we allow our children,” she warned. Nora Martin, Tla-o-qui-aht said she is concerned about how there is ‘so much smoking and consumption of junk food’ in her community, especially in light of the history of heart disease in her family. Martin said she quit smoking because she wants to be there for her children and grandchildren. “It’s been hard but I feel much better,” she said about quitting smoking. Other bad foods were discussed such as packaged instant noodles, which are cheap, quick and easy to prepare. But what makes ‘Chinese noodles’ so bad is that the noodles are deep fried before being packaged. They are loaded not only with fat but also with salt and have little nutritional value. Pasta that needs to be cooked seven or more minutes are okay because they are not deep-fried. The average donut, it was reported, contains nine teaspoons of fat. The average cola contains nine teaspoons of sugar. Put THAT in a bowl and try eating it! Mae Taylor, Ucluelet, said she suffered a heart attack a few years ago and had to change her lifestyle. She wants to warn people that change is hard but often necessary. What’s worse, she advised, is that it is sometimes impossible to tell the

Julia Lucas difference between severe indigestion and a heart attack. “I miss mashed potatoes and gravy, but (after eating healthier) my cholesterol is lower,” she smiled. “Look after yourself,” she advised, “change your diet and exercise regularly.” Matilda Watts gave a summary of the NTC initiative Heartsmart program; Watts delivers educational workshops for NCN in their communities about healthy eating/living with a focus on diabetes and heart health. Watch Ha-Shilth-Sa for workshop postings in your area. One piece of advice she had for young parents is, ‘try not to give your kids sugar foods, teach them healthy eating habits from when they’re babies.’ DAC Coordinator, Florence Wylie said people with heart problems and those with pacemakers to eat healthy. “It is important for family members to become informed,” she said, “so they can take

care of each other.” Wylie said Government continues to cut back on our health care funding year after year and has challenged First Nations to show proof that they need dollars for health care. She asked individual First Nations to document their own health care needs so that the NTC can continue to fight for adequate health care budgets. In her closing comments DAC Chairperson, Helen Dick said the committee has been focusing its attention on NCN mental wellness, obesity, nutrition (including babies, bottle vs. breastfed), medicine (both traditional and prescription), prevention and patenting of traditional medicines. Currently, she said, NCN continue to face health issues of diabetes, HIV/AIDS, cancer, obesity, depression, heart disease, deafness, blindness and others. Dick, a registered nurse, had a piece of valuable advice to offer; if you are prescribed a medication from your family doctor, take it as prescribed and finish it up even if you do feel better before then. And never share your prescriptions with others; you could do more damage than good. A final report from the Health Fair will be prepared for the NTC Annual General Meeting. Organizers thanked to Richard Watts, Simon and Julia Lucas, resource people that set up displays and made presentations and to all the donors of door prizes.

Ahousaht women lead the charge in healthy lifestyle challenge By Denise August, Ha-Shilth-Sa Reporter Ahousaht – A group of women have taken it upon themselves to find their own way to healthier lifestyles through a group they dubbed ‘Taking Shape for Life’. Led by Linda Van Dorn and armed only with the book ‘The Ultimate Weight Loss Solution’ written by Dr.Phil (Dr. Phil McGraw) the group of 25 started meeting regularly on September 5th. Their first task was the dreaded weigh in and taking measurements. The plan, Van Dorn says, is to go through the chapters of the book together over the course of twelve weeks. The book contains seven keys to successful weight loss and focuses on change from the inside out. It teaches readers to ‘get real’ with their weight, to examine ones self and replace negative thoughts and habits with positive ones. It promises not to be a quick and easy solution to weight loss but a successful and holistic one. The group goes through each section says Van Dorn, who purchased the book and accompanying DVD. She says they watch the DVD then review one of the seven keys and do any associated charts and self-tests. The whole book is on the DVD and Van Dorn supplies printouts to those who don’t have the book. “There are charts, quizzes and goals and it helps us get to the basis of our weight gain issues,” she said. The group is not following a diet but they are drinking about a gallon or more of water a day and are tracking their food consumption in journals as instructed by the book. They also meet Tuesdays and Thursdays to exercise to DVD programs like Tae

Bo and Power Yoga. Exercise is an important component of weight loss especially in the beginning, she says, so that the metabolism gets stimulated. Restricting food intake alone works for a little while but then the body plateaus or resists weight loss in an effort to fight of what it perceives is death by starvation. Wednesdays are buddy days where participants call up a friend and do anything active. Exercise time will increase in time and intensity as the days go by and as their metabolism needs increased stimulation. Van Dorn says the group will eventually work out six days a week. Three weeks in she says the program is already paying off for her as her once snug-fitting clothes have loosened up. Another group will start up in November when this one completes its six weeks. Van Dorn says there is a waiting list and some of the people in the first group have committed to join the second group when it starts. “For some it’s about continuing their weight loss progress and for others it’s about fitness and living healthier,” she said. She points out that men are more than welcome and added that one man was to join the first group but backed out when he saw he was the only man. The group is looking for donations of fitness equipment. They have been granted use of space in the Fire Hall where they may exercise and store their equipment. With the ever-increasing rates of diabetes, heart disease and obesity in our communities, Van Dorn says it is her dream to open a holistic-style fitness centre in Ahousaht.

Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 - Page 13

Vision Statement: The Nuu-chah-nulth Nursing Program partners with Nuu-chah-nulth-aht to deliver professional, ethical, culturally sensitive, and responsible care. Nurses shall maintain discipline in self and profession, as well as balance in approach.

Get the flu shot. Not the flu The End of An Era For Red Cross Submitted by Liz Thomsen Yes it is that time of the year again when people ask, “When are the flu shots available?” Each year the vaccinations change according to what is to be the expected influenza strain for the coming flu season and this is the reason for receiving a flu shot each year. The influenzas predicted this year are, a New Caledonia like strain, a California like strain and a Shanghai like strain. The vaccines are a sterile suspension prepared from influenza viruses propagated in chicken embryos. Strict guidelines according to the World Health Organization are maintained in preparing the vaccinations. Indications and Clinical Use Influenza causes epidemic human disease. Uncomplicated influenza illness is characterized by sudden onset of respiratory symptoms, (fever, headache, tiredness, nonproductive cough, sore throat and runny nose). Illness usually resolves after a limited number of days for most people. Among certain individuals, influenza can make some medical conditions more susceptible to pneumonias. In children, common clinical presentations of influenza include lower respiratory tract infection (croup, bronchitis, and pneumonias), ear infections, diarrhea, and fever seizures. It has also been linked to swelling of the brain, Reye syndrome and inflammation of the heart. The risks of complications, hospitalizations and deaths from influenza are greater among persons 65 years of age and older, young children and persons with underlying health conditions. Influenza is spread from person to person usually by airborne droplets carried in a cough or sneeze and is highly contagious. The virus can survive for up to 48 hours on surfaces such as the telephone, computer

keyboard, doorknob, kitchen countertop, coffeepot handle or toys. It may take days or weeks before any symptoms of influenza can appear and during this time you are contagious. The Flu vaccines can be given between October and March. Maximum protection develops after about 2 weeks and lasts about 6 months. The vaccination is approximately 70 to 90% effective of healthy and adults. People cannot get the flu from the vaccination as it is made with “killed” viruses. People who think they have the flu from the shot are symptoms of another virus. Influenza is very safe and most people who get it have no side effects or mild side effects such as soreness, redness or swelling where the shot was given. Life threatening allergic reactions are extremely rare. Who should get the Flu shot? Influenza vaccination is indicated for children from 6 months and older and adults. People who fit into this list should receive the flu shot. • You have a chronic medical condition • You have a weakened immune system • You’re a senior citizen • You’re 6 – 23 months of age • You’re a health care provider • You provide essential community services • You can’t afford the time off work • You’re traveling to another country • You live with someone who has a chronic medical condition • You care about your own health and the health of those around you • Pregnant women who are in high risk groups The influenza vaccinations will be available in early November. Please contact your Community Health Nurse when flu clinics will begin. Happy vaccination for a healthy winter season.

Is it a cold or the flu? Symptom Fever

Cold rare



Influenza Usually high fever, sudden onset, lasts 3-4 days Usual, can be severe

General aches and pains

sometimes, mild

Usual, often severe

Fatigue and weakness

sometimes, mild

Extreme fatigue


Runny, stuffy nose Sneezing Sore throat Chest discomfort

Common Common Common Sometimes, mild to moderate Can lead to sinus congestion or earache

Usual, severe, may last 2-3 weeks or more Usual early onset, can be severe Common Sometimes Common Usual, can become severe



Frequent hand washing

Can lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure, can worsen a current chronic condition, can be life threatening Annual vaccination and frequent hand washing

By Lynne West (originally published in The Record) On Friday, September 2 the Red Cross had a tea at the Kyuquot Outpost Hospital to mark the transition from Red Cross management of the Outpost to Vancouver Island Health Authority (VIHA). The Red Cross has had an Outpost Hospital in Kyuquot since 1937. At the gathering in Kyuquot, Mary Harder (Red Cross Outpost Hospital Transition Manager) spoke of the long history of the Red Cross in providing health care to remote communities. At one point they managed over 100 Outpost Hospitals in Canada. Over time, communities grew, health services were provided by the province, and the Red

who had worked there. Dr. Bob Burns from VIHA spoke of a seamless transition for services with most of the changes being paperwork. Dr. Granger Avery spoke about the many years he has provided physician services to the community. Kyuquot community members took advantage of the opportunity to share their experiences with the Outpost. Kyuquot First Nation Chief Tessie Smith and Elder Alex Short talked about how important the services of the Outpost are to the community and had praise for the health professionals who worked there. It was a time for sharing good food, stories and hopes for the future on the Kyuquot Outpost Hospital.

Cross moved on. Eventually they only had facilities in BC. Now the last six outposts are being turned over to the province. VIHA will take on responsibility for the one in Bamfield as well as Kyuquot. Pat Kermeen, current Red Cross manager of the six outposts spoke of the importance of the facility and praised the nurses

Kyuquot’s Tessie Smith speaks on the importance of the hospital

NTC Nursing Updates / Schedules: (subject to change according to meetings, workshops etc.) CENTRAL REGION Christine Curley: Esowista on Mondays, Opitsaht on Tuesdays. STI/HIV Focus on Wednesdays. Mary McKeogh: Hittatsoo Health Clinic Mondays, Wednesday & Thursday. Hot Springs Cove Tuesday. Jenna Mueksch: Ahousaht Health Clinic – variable schedule – Monday – Thursday – check calendar on front door of Ahousaht Health Clinic Mary Rimmington: Home Care nurse variable schedule Monday to Friday. NORTHERN REGION Moira Havelka: Tsaxana Health Clinic Tuesdays and Thursdays. Gold River Clinic Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Chris Kellett: Oclucjie on Thursday mornings, and Ehattesaht on Thursday afternoons. Donna Vernon / Susan Donnecke: Kyuquot - variable schedule Monday – Friday. SOUTHERN REGION Cheryl Mooney: Bread of Life and Home Visits Mondays and Fridays, Ditidaht Tuesdays, Hupacasath/Home Visits Thursdays and Home Visits/Office Time Tuesdays. Anett Muller: Ditidaht most Wednesdays, Port Alberni Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays, once/month Uchucklesaht, Huu-ay-aht as required. Ina Seitcher: Hours: 7:00 am – 3:30 pm Monday to Friday @ West Coast General Hospital. Phone: 723-2135 ext. 1109 Liz Thomsen: Knee Waas Mondays & Wednesday, Port Alberni and Tseshaht area Tuesdays to Fridays.

Page 14 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005

Birthdays and Congratulations

Introducing MADISON KAMEA PILFOLD. Carlito, Ernest and I are so happy and very proud, esp. big bro! She was born Thursday, September 22nd, 2005 - 3:03am @ Cowichan District Hospital in Duncan. Thank you very much to those that made it to see us in the hospital and for the gifts. Sherry Livingstone, Ernest Pilfold and Big Proud Bro Carlito. Sept. 27 - Happy Birthday sweetheart Scott Hayes Dennis. Love Iona. Oct. 1 Happy Birthday Iona. Oct. 10 - Aleta Cooper. Love Mommy & Jamal Cooper. Oct. 30 - Happy Birthday nephew Lawrence Louie/Jack. Nov. 17 - Happy Birthday to my sister Maureen Jack. Hey there Peter W., Happy 39th Birthday to you for October 2nd. You’ll be in my thoughts and I do wish you a safe and happy day. Lots of Love, from ya cuz. Ann. Hey there Sonny (Philip Mack), Happy 20th Birthday for October 4th. I hope you have a wonderful birthday, your always in my thoughts and prayers. Lots of Love, Mom. To the two most beautiful sisters I have, Betsy and Debbie. I want to share a little something I recently read: A Celebration of Sisters. Growing up, sisters really do share so much. They share the same memories, the same household chores, the same holiday traditions, the same relatives, the same clothes, and the same room. And while time and age gives to each sister some new experiences, even these get “shared” as one story after another comes tumbling out when they get together. But ultimately, sisters share more than just time and space together; they share their hearts. I want to wish both my sisters (Debbie & Betsy) a very special Birthday for October 4th. Although we may be miles apart, you will forever be close to my heart. I hope you celebrate your day in your own special way. For a sisters love rejoices when we are blessed. Lots of Love, Ann. Happy 20th Birthday to my beautiful

Happy 5th Birthday Jenna on October 5th. Love always Mom, Kathaleen, Harold & Granny. daughter Angela Jack on October 13th. My Ang: you have matured soooooo beautiful; you are so kind, sweet, thoughtful, and generous; you are very talented in many things, including hair and make-up; you are a great daughter, sister, granddaughter, cousin, friend, niece; you are a great cook; you listen very well; you have great patience; you are my daughter, whom I am so very proud!!! I love you more then words can ever express! When I think of you, I feel an overwhelming joy, love and pride!! When you’re with me, my life feels complete. When you’re getting ready to head back home, I’m missing you already and I’m already looking forward to seeing you again!!! And I am so proud of you for going back to school!! With all my love, wishing you a wonderful birthday my Angie!! Love your mom, Anita M. Jack. Happy birthday to my beautiful niece Andrea Johnson on October 6th. Wishing you lots of love and fun on your special day Don’t be too mischief sweety!!! Love your aunt, Anita Jack. These three belated birthday wishes goes out to my brother Henry Jack Sr. on September 26th, Trinity Jack (parents Leo Jack Jr and Tracey) turns 1 on September 27th, and Adam Phillips (parents Bonnie Jack and Ric) turns 3 on September 29th!!! I love you all very much!! I won’t say how old Henry will be because I think he’s kind of over the hill now, but hey Huggy, you’re still as handsome as ever!! hee hee Love your sister and aunt, Anita (aka Slim). I would like to extend mine and Darryl’s sincere congratulations to my cousin Corrisa Jack, actually she’s now Corrisa Campbell, and Gord!!!! These young ones were married on September 24th, in Ahousat!!! I hope you forgive us for not making it, our hearts were with you!! Love, Anita & Darryl A LOVE NOTE TO: Muggs and Leo Jack, Huggy, Junior, Lil, Mullits, Wowoosh and Tootsie: I just wanted to say, “Hi mom, dad, brothers and sisters! I just wanted to let you know that you’re always in my heart and I love and miss you all very much!!” Love your favorite daughter and sister, SLIM!!! LOL At this time I would like to say happy

Anniversary to my sister Bella & brother-in-law Thomas for October 19th. Happy ?? Birthday to my sister Marria on October 15th. Lots of love from Eunice, Kathaleen, Jenna & Harold. birthday to my birthday buddy Karen Mack on Oct 9th 2005 I hope you enjoy your day we will have to get together sometime on our birthday’s lol from your friend Ilene frank, Virgil frank, and Corby frank Happy birthday to Aaron Thomas on October 9th as well, enjoy your day Aaron from Ilene frank Happy birthday to my hunnay Ilene Julia frank on Oct 9th from your husband Virgil we love you lots and enjoy your day from hunnay Virgil and baby Corby Congratulations to Fanny and William Smallwood on the birth of their baby girl Kiera Jeannine Smallwood congrads to both of you baby was born on Sept 22nd 2005 in Nanaimo from Ilene Virgil and Corby frank Also congrad on your guys big day in Ahousaht on Sept 25th to Mr. and Mrs. Smallwood hope you guys enjoyed your special day you guys will live and grow old together and have many good anniversaries from Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Frank Belated Happy Birthday to OO-IS MAN – Cyril September 23, 2005 from your ever loving family Jos, Ham,Cheese and Brodikins. and sis’s Jacq/Mag and Bros, Jimbo. Fats. Woody, and Butch and your numerous nieces and nephews. Happy Birthday to Our Daughters Grace & Jaylene Jones Russ [October 2nd]. We love you and have a Great day! Also, Congratulations to Allison & Jeff on the Arrival of their New Daughter Hailey on August 24th! Love Mom & Dad. Happy belated birthday to my son Paul Gus for September 27th, he is now 15. Love mom and sisters and brother, nephews, neice. Happy Belated birthday to my daughter Tina Gus for September 26th, she is now 34. Love mom and sister, and brothers, nephew, neice. Happy Birthday to Pearl on October th 9 . Pearl did you know you were born

Birthday kisses to our October angels: Kobe Phillip: 1 year old (October 11) and Hailey Lyndsee: 5 years old (October 21) we love you! From: Daddy (Shawn Frank) and Momma (Lia Galligos). you come out of the closet? Just joking. Hope you are fine & Elizabeth. If you get a chance write us sometime o.k. nice to hear from your cousins. Marvin & Pearl Tutube, 1027 Omoah Pl. Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 8Y1. Happy “29th” Birthday to our son/brother-in-law Darrin Williams on October 29th Love from your in-laws I would like to wish a very Happy 7th Birthday to my baby Mikayla Murphy on October 15th. I love you my baby! Love from your mother Dione Murphy. I would like to wish my favorite cousin Anita Amos a Happy Birthday on October 8th. Have a blast! Your cuz Dione & niece Mikayla. Happy Birthday to my uncle Frencie Amos on October 14th. From Dione & Mikayla. Happy Birthday to my uncle Brian Amos on October 18th. From Dione & Mikayla. Happy Birthday to Johnny Dick on October 30th. From Dione & Mikayla. Hello we would like to send some bday wishes out to some very special people to Carine, Norma .and to my baby gyrl Jaclyn-Marie Sarah Dawn Charlie who will be 15 on Oct 23 Love you guys lots. From Maggie, Norm & Joe. Happy Birthday to Gloria Ross on Oct. 10, Happy Birthday to Norman Williams Jr on October 27, Happy Birthday to Reggie Williams on Oct. 28, Happy Birthday to Jennifer Touchie on Oct. 24, Happy Birthday to Joanne Touchie on Oct. 28 and Jennilee on Oct. 31st. From Auntie/Nen Effie, Auntie/ cuz Laverne Williams and cuz Lillian Williams in Ucluelet. Special hello the Charles Williams. We are all so happy to hear from you! Sending a warm hello, love and best wishes to you and hope you are well. From the Ross family. Congratulations to Sherry Livingstone and Ernest Pilfold on the birth of their daughter Madison Kamea Pilfold. Love always Annie & Dave Watts and family.

the same year as Brad Pitt and Johnny Depp! You still got it! Have a good day. From Annie. Happy belated 3? birthday on Sept. 13 Doug Wilson, Happy 20th Birthday Brad

On September 25th I would like to wish a very, very Happy 25th Birthday to my beautiful, caring and loving daughter Jolene Cindy Joe. I can’t believe you’re a quarter of a century years old. You’ve come a long way sweetheart and I’m so proud of your accomplishments. Keep up the good work, and keep on smiling, you’re the best. I love you with all my little heart too. From Mom, Anne Joseph and Hank. P.S. Have many, many more wonderful years to come.

Happy 15th Anniversary to my sister Veronica & brother-in-law Darrin Williams on October 20th. Happy 3rd

Johnson on Sept. 6; Happy Birthday Joe Price on Sept. 18th. From Marvin Tutube

Congratulations Fanny Thomas and William S., September 25, 2005, light house, getting married by Rick Lindholm. By Carol Mattersdorfer.

and family. Happy Birthday Oct. 2 – Clarence Wilson; Oct. 6 – Rody Peter; Oct. 7 – Bev Unger; Oct. 10 – Gloria Ross. From Marvin, Pearl, Lisa, Michael, Marvin Lawrence, and Violet Tutube. Message for David Patterson… Have

Happy Belated Birthday wishes Jolene on Sept. 25th. Best wishes! Love always Lisa, Joe and the kids.

Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 - Page 15

poets nook Totally for Friends & Family Love has many ways of expressing it’s self amongst each and every one of us. Fear has come from beyond our feet and frightened our souls Laughter has brought us together to reminisce of the past and the present. Tears of Joy or Sadness bond us as one, sisters & brothers. Excitement makes you and I know each others possibilities but Throughout the lands, Unity, Peace & Harmony is within our soul, hearts & minds. Power to believe in ourself is what leads To my loving husband George C. John Jr. You’re my strength You’re my pride When times for us go so wrong We fight back to carry on strong When it is you feeling down feeling blue I realize the hurt you carry in you You’re my strength You’re my pride For me to see you so sad so blue Holding you in my arms was all I could do All I wanted was your hurt to go away I am by your side to help you through this day You’re my strength You’re my pride To keep you strong I give you my loving heart For me to see you so sad so blue it tears me apart Phantom of pain why you back again Another hard cold day has hit me deep in my mind so badly ensnaring Wicked lightning I feel deep in my heart it’s once again striking Critical cruising tears shock me over and over it’s so badly electrifying Phantom of pain why you back again When hurricanes in full force have struck you deep within there’s no turning back it’s to late You have to personally walk so alone through hells emotional memory gate Critical cruising my within is truly tiring I’ve hurt for so long in and out of this state Phantom of pain why you back again Misery confusion and loneliness Is one of hells games I carry on trying to beat the game to stay alive Blackened skies darken my broken down pathway To try keep me behind to try keep me blind Critical cruising wrapping in hells

us to understanding our Strength that keeps us standing proud and strong. Courage that leads the way to a righteous and spiritual path. Wisdom and knowledge that is shared and learned amongst us all. This is my way of expressing to my family & friends My passion My sincerity My faith and my love That I have for you all as a Nation and as people. Beverley McEwan Your smile your happiness is all I love to see To love you to hold you to make you happy is all I plea You’re my strength You’re my pride I took you in my arms my love you did feel My love for you so strong so good so real All my time all my love will always be for you To love you to hold you is the only thing I want to do You’re my strength You’re my pride When times for us go so wrong We fight back to carry on strong When it is you feeling down feeling blue I realize the hurt you carry in you By Gloria Ashacker John personal memory bank Truly makes me almost lose my mind Phantom of pain why you back again Within me mother nature storm has hit me So hard at times my pathway pitch black Clashing clouds rocked my heart clashing clouds rocked my soul I always fall from this brutal impact Critical cruising nasty hits darkened my suffering Darkened my lonely world to the max Phantom of pain why you back again A full twisting wicked tornado within Fully enwraps me to its souls inner core Wicked ravaging memories One demon has personally upon me badly stored Critical cruising shock waves Travel down from the heavenly blue skies above Trying to restore what’s of good And to try overwhelm me not to push away and ignore Phantom of pain why you back again By Gloria Ashacker John

In Memoriam - >a>ak^#ap In Loving Memory John Charles Wilson, Herbert Joe and Walter Watts - October 25 Days of sadness still over come us Tears in silence often flow Memory keeps you near us Though you died years ago No one knows how much we miss you Life has never been the same In our heart your memory lingers Sweetly, tender fond and true There is not a day that passes That we do not think of you Sunshine fades and shadows fall But sweet remembrance outlasts all Forever in our hearts, till we meet again Love Pearl, Lisa, Michael, Marvin Sr., Marvin Jr., Tutube

In loving memory of dad, grandpa, father-in-law Lawrence George Wilson September 25, 1922 – March 6, 1986 Thinking of you dad on your birthday September 25 and wishing we could celebrate with you once again. Till we meet again. Love you dad and miss you. Love always galshee #2, Pearl, Marvin Sr., Lisa, Michael, Marvin Lawrence, and Violet Tutube.

In Loving Memory of Herbert Joe June 20, 1939 – October 18, 2000 Dad (by Judy Burnette) Dad...so many images come to mind whenever I speak your name; It seems without you in my life things have never been the same. What happened to those lazy days when I was just a child; When my life was consumed in you in your love, and in your smile. What happened to all those times when I always looked to you; No matter what happened in my life you could make my gray skies blue. Dad, some days I hear your voice and turn to see your face; Yet in my turning...it seems the sound has been erased. Dad, who will I turn to for answers when life does not make sense; Who will be there to hold me close when the pieces just don’t fit. Oh, Dad, if I could turn back time and once more hear your voice; I’d tell you that out of all the dads you would still be my choice. Please always know I love you and no one can take your place; Years may come and go but your memory will never be erased. Today, Jesus, as You are listening in your home above; Would you go and find my dad and give him all my love. Sadly missed by your loving family

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Nuu-chah-nulth Registry and Treaty Information ... Registering events are very important! · Birth Registrations: It is important to get baby registered as soon as possible. You must complete the parental consent for Registration/Statement of Band Affiliation form and provide the LARGE form birth certificate, these consent forms can be obtained through your Band Office or at the NTC Office. Registration takes 6 - 8 weeks. · Transfers: Are you wishing to transfer to another Band? Write to the Band you want to transfer into. Once accepted you will need to complete a consent to transfer form, also, notify the Band you are currently in and let them know your intentions. · Marriages, divorces, name change, deaths: Please provide appropriate certificates to up date the Indian Registry Lists. A consent form needs to be completed for any name changes. · Are you turning 18 soon? If you would like your own registration number then you have to submit a letter of request. Process also takes 6 - 8 weeks (no longer automatic). · All documents are to be submitted to Rosie Little - Indian Registry Administrator at the NTC Office, with the exception of Ditidaht, Hesquiaht, Huu-ay-aht and Tla-o-qui-aht. Contact these First Nations directly. To have a status card issued through NTC from these four First Nations please have your Indian Registry Administrator fax approval and your information prior to coming into the office if possible. · Does your First Nation have their membership code in place? If so, and you would like the above events recorded for "BAND MEMBERSHIP" then it is EQUALLY AS IMPORTANT that you contact them as well. · Your First Nation needs your current address and phone number so they can contact you regarding Treaty developments, letters and bulletins. · First Nation phone numbers and addresses are listed below for your convenience.

Ahousaht (250) 670-9563 - Fax: (250) 670-9696 General Delivery Ahousaht, B.C. V0R 1A0 Ditidaht First Nation 1-888-745-3366 - Fax: (250) 745-3332 PO Box 340 Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M8 Ehattesaht 1-888-761-4155 - Fax: (250) 761-4156 PO Box 59 Zeballos, B.C. V0P 2A0 Hesquiaht First Nation New Toll Free 1-866-670-1181 - Fax: (250) 670-1102 PO Box 2000 Tofino, B.C. V0R 2Z0 Hupacasath First Nation (250) 724-4041 - Fax: (250) 724-1232 PO Box 211 Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M7 Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’/Che:k’tles7et’h’ (250) 332-5259 - Fax: (250) 332-5210 General Delivery Kyuquot, B.C. V0P 1J0 Mowachaht / Muchalaht (250) 283-2015 - Fax: (250) 283-2335 Toll free - (800) 238 - 2933 PO Box 459 Gold River, B.C. V0P 1G0 Nuchatlaht First Nation (250) 332-5908 - Fax: (250) 332-5907 PO Box 40 Zeballos, B.C. V0P 2A0 Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations (250) 725-3233 - Fax: (250) 725-4233 PO Box 18 Tofino, BC. V0R 2Z0 Tseshaht First Nation Toll Free: 1-888-724-1225 - Fax: (250) 724-4385 PO Box 1218 Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M1 Uchucklesaht Tribe (250) 724-1832 - Fax: (250) 724-1806 PO Box 1118 Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M7 Ucluelet First Nation (250) 726-7342 Fax: (250) 726-7552 PO Box 699 Ucluelet, B.C. V0R 3A0

Attention Uchucklesaht Tribe Members and descendants We are currently accepting applications for enrolment in the Maa-Nulth Treaty. This notice is posted in our effort to ensure that applications for enrolment forms are available for every known person who may be eligible to be enrolled as beneficiaries of the Maa-nulth final agreement For further information, please contact Tina Robinson at the Uchucklesaht Tribe Office. Phone - 250.724.1832 or Toll Free 1.888.724.1832.

TLA-O-QUI-AHT TRIBE MEMBERS If you are not receiving “Inside Tla-o-qui-aht” newsletter please call your address in ASAP. This mailing list is also used for important tribal mailouts you may not want to miss. Forward your address to: Carla Moss c/o Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations, Box 18, Tofino, B.C., V0R 2Z0. Phone: 250-725-2765, email: cmoss@island.net Fax: 250-725-4233 attn: Carla Moss

TSESHAHT FIRST NATION CULTURAL RESOURCE CENTRE Open to anyone interested in learning more about Tseshaht history. 5000 Mission Rd. – Chi-chu-aht House/ Tseshaht Treaty office. We have a toll free number available for Tseshaht members (which also houses our membership and Natural Resources Office. If you want your addresses included for treaty updates and Tribal bulletins call us (email: cap@tseshaht.com) with your address. 1-866724-4225. Hours of operation: Monday – Friday 8:15 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. (Except holidays). For more information contact us at (250) 724-4229. or toll free at 1-866724-4229.

TO ALL TLA-O-QUI-AHT FIRST NATIONS MEMBERS Hello everyone, I am working as the Indian Registry Administrator (back up) I would like to update my mailing list, may you please call it in to me at the office either fax or mail would be greatly appreciated Are you and / or children registered? If your newborn baby has not been registered yet I need a copy of the large birth certificate and register. Also if there are any deaths, marriages, and divorces I would like the proper certificates brought in so I can register them as well. Yes I do issue status cards from my office in Opitsaht Any questions please call me at work 725-3233 / fax 725-4233 Thank you. Hazel Curley (TFN IRA)

To All Ucluelet First Nation Members Hello everyone, I have recently been hired as the Eligibility & Enrollment Coordinator for a six month period. Part of my job is to enroll every known person who is eligible to be enrolled as beneficiaries of the forthcoming Maa-nulth Final Agreement. If you have not already enrolled and if you would like information on the Eligibility & Enrollment I can be reached toll free at 1-866-726-2488. I am also trying to keep our mailing list up to date, so if we do not already have your current address could you please phone and let us know. Thank you. Christina Klotz, membership@ufn.ca

TO ALL TSESHAHT MEMBERSHIP: Please remember when you register your child(ren) with NTC you must still register your child(ren) to the Band. I do not have names that NTC has so if you're one of these members please contact me for Band membership papers as we administer our own membership and only those people on our list is Tseshaht. I do not issue status cards this is done only with Rosie Little or Mel Braker. Feel free to contact me at lisagallic@shaw.ca or call me at 1-866-724-4229.

To All Tribes

- Please return any medical equipment that you may have

borrowed from the Tseshaht First Nation Loan Cupboard, our medical equipment is running low and there are many people in need of this service or if you have any medical equipment you would like to donate to the loan cupboard this would be greatly appreciated. Thanks. Tracy Robinson, Tseshaht Health & Social Services Department P.O. Box 1218, Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M1, 724-1225 We are looking for Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’/Chek:tles7et’h’ members current mailing addresses. In particular, the Olebars who live in the U.S, Delia Charlie of Manchester Washington, Elizabeth Barnes of Burien, Wa. Also looking for any of Short family members, and those who live at Vancouver. Please Contact the Kyuquot Bando office, Lenora or Daisy at, 1-888 8178716, or fax to (250) 332-5210, or email to kchertg@island.net. We look forward to hearing from our members who live away from home and the sooner the better. Chuu, Daisy Hanson

Indian Residential School Survivors Society National Survivors Support Line 1-866-925-4419 (Open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week)

Are you a survivor of residential schools? Are you an intergenerational survivor? Do you need to talk? The Survivors Support Line is available to all Aboriginal people affected by their residential school experience or the experience of others. We are survivors of residential schools too. We understand the issues and we have information that might help. Just saying hello is a good place to start. Give it a try. You can take your time. We care and we promise to listen. General Information Line: 1-800-721-0066 Website: www.irsss.ca

Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 - Page 17

Career Opportunities - q#i-cah=-ta-mis M’akola ILBC Housing Society JESKEN Aerie (Located at 817 Goldstream Avenue) Multiple Vacancies in Assisted Living Environment: Front Desk Clerk, Lead Cook, Dining Room Servers, Room Attendants, Prep Cooks, Dishwasher, Maintenance. M’akola ILBC Housing Society has immediate openings for professional experienced hospitality staff. Part-time and full-time. Must have Food Safe Level 1, First Aid Level 1 and WHMIS would be an asset. Knowledge of Aboriginal culture is preferred. Criminal record check mandatory. Please forward resume, cover letter, photocopy of required/preferred certificates, and names of 3 references to: Mail: M’akola ILBC Housing Society 2009 Fernwood Road Victoria, B.C. V8T 2Y8 Attn: Sharlene Wilson Fax: 250-381-1438 Email: humanresources@makola.bc.ca List specific position in subject line. For job descriptions, contact Misty at (250) 384-1423 ext. 100

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY Creative Salmon Co. Ltd. requires experienced farm technicians and full-time nightwatch/security personnel for a farm site near Tofino. Preference will be given to responsible persons with marine experience. Please submit your resume to: Dan Dings Creative Salmon Co. Ltd. P.O. Box 265 Tofino, B.C. V0R 2Z0 e-mail: dan.dings@creativesalmon.com Or fax to: (250) 725-2885

c^uk#aa naa%uuqsta%ic^in huuh=taks^iih %uu%uuk#asath=a Come and join us in learning to speak our own language -ppiqak +`ih=uk +`isuk tupkak kin`ucak kistaqak h=icp`iqak k`#amaqak pipick`uk y`am`ap`iqak kuunaa +is^+iqy`ak +ih=@aqy`ak c^ `upc^ `ups^um> >uc^%in qaqatqyum> %uksy`a+y`ak taakinis s^uuwis

Colors Red White Black Blue Green Brown Yellow Orange Purple Gold Clothing Pants, Jeans Shirt Sweater Dress T-shirt Underwear Socks Shoes

The belonging suffix endings (my, her etc.) are -%uks after a consonant and %aks after a vowel and m, n, y or w. +`ih=ukuks c^ u` pc^ u` ps^um> My sweater is red kin`ucakuks +is^+iqy`ak My jeans are blue + i` sukuks qaqatqyum> My T-shirt is white tupkakuks s^uuwis My shoes are black kuunaa%aks tux#ii Her earrings are gold

Unfamiliar letters in the phrases: c –has a ts sound as in cats c` - glottalized c has a ts sound plus an uh sound c^ - wedged c has a ch sound c^ ` - glottalized wedged c has a ch plus an uh sound h= - back h has a sound of one breathing on glass to clean it k` - glottalized k has a k sound plus an uh k#- glottalized rounded k# sound of k plus w and an uh >- barred L- place your tongue behind front teeth and let air flow out through side of tongue m` -glottalized m has the sound of m plus an uh n` -glottalized n has the sound of an n plus an uh p` - glottalized p has the sound of p plus an uh q – has the sound of k made deep in the throat s^ - wedged s has a sh sound. t ` - glottalized t has the sound of t plus an uh w` - glottalized w has a w sound as in wow plus an uh x – has a sound of a cat’s hiss x= - back x has a sound of clearing the throat of an object y` - has a sound of y as in yellow plus an uh + - barred lambda has the sound of tla +` - glottalized barred lambda has the sound of tla plus an uh % -the glottal stop has the sound of the stop in uh-uh @ - pharyngeal has the sound of i made deep in the throat as in the word @inii+ meaning dog

c^uuc^ huuh=taks^iih=si^ %ic^ %uu%uuk#asath=a O.K, Start learning your own language. Submitted by the Central language group in C `uumu@aas. We meet every Tuesday evening at 7 p.m. Phone Carrie Little at 724-=6580 for more information.

Mainstream Canada a division of the Cermaq Group an international leader in the Aquaculture industry invites you to apply for an exciting opportunity to join our growing team of professionals. We are currently seeking dynamic individuals for the following position: Best Management Practices and First Nations Communication Technician: The role of the BMP Technician within Mainstream Canada will be to work in conjunction with Environmental Services, Fish Health and Farm staff under the direction of the Senior Environmental Technologist in monitoring farming operations with respect to both regulatory and internal compliance procedures. The successful applicant would be expected to learn and fully understand the government regulations under which our Company operates, our Best Management Practices, and the ISO14001 Environmental Management System. He/she would also be responsible for informing the Ahousaht First Nation, using his/her trained understanding of our operation and pertinent laws, on the activities of Mainstream Canada regarding regulatory and internal BMP compliance. The BMP Technician will perform the following duties: · Assist the Environmental Technician perform monthly farm site audits to ensure compliance with internal BMP’s, ISO 14001 standards and Government Regulations, · Assist the Fish Health Technician and Farm staff perform regular on-site monitoring of farm stock for sea louse infestation rates, · Assist in conducting extracurricular research initiatives such as monitoring sea lice infestation rates in out-migrating wild pacific salmon (May – July). · Join and assist third part contractors during environmental monitoring events at our farm sites. · Work with the Mainstream Canada Human Resources staff and AFN Hiring Committee to further a training program for Ahousaht members. · Assists the Senior Environmental Technologist communicate tenure management activities/improvements to the AFN Band Council. The candidate must have a minimum of Grade 12 education although a higher level would be an asset. He/she should also have excellent oral, written, interpersonal skills, and the ability to read and understand government regulations. She/he will also be expected to conduct himself in a professional manner and be able to clearly relay information to others. The successful applicant will be expected to demonstrate a positive attitude towards working as a team and being creative in providing constructive ideas for our operations. This is full time (minimum 30 hr/week) permanent positions in and around Tofino / Clayoquot Sound with an excellent remuneration and benefits package. For this position, preference will be given to applicants that are members and/or residents of the Ahousaht First Nation. Closing Date for all applications is May 07, 2005. Apply in confidence to: PO Box 142, Tofino, BC, V0R 2Z0 or by fax to 250-7251250 or by email to Joanne.Flasch@mainstreamcanada.com

Uu-a-thluk: Program Manager in Training Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations have launched an exciting new approach to manage their fisheries and ocean resources — Uu-a-thluk, a Nuu-chah-nulth Resource Management Organization. One of the goals of Uu-a-thluk is to increase Nuu-chahnulth participation in the management of sea resources. The Uu-a-thluk Program Manager in Training position is designed to develop the skills of an enthusiastic Nuu-chah-nulth member for a senior management position. Qualifications: The ideal candidate will have a keen interest to increase Nuu-chahnulth participation in the management and harvesting of aquatic resources. The candidate will understand the importance of sea resources to Nuu-chah-nulth: culturally and economically. Excellent communication skills (verbal and computerbased written skills) are required. A high school diploma or equivalent is required, and advanced education desirable. Quantitative computer skills will be an asset, as will good people skills and knowledge of fisheries management issues. Selected Duties: The full time Program Manager in training will be responsible for: • Reporting to the Uu-a-thluk Program Manager on the progress of issues and initiatives, assessing, summarizing and reporting on challenges, needs for improvement, and successes attained • Liaising with other Uu-a-thluk staff members and contractors to maintain effective communications between Uu-a-thluk programs and initiatives (e.g., capacity building, fundraising, and outreach coordinators) • Scheduling and organizing Uu-a-thluk related meetings • Preparing relevant information and material for Council of Ha'wiih and Joint Technical Working Group • Maintaining records of meeting (minutes, action items, and deliverables) • Maintaining communications with individuals and staffs to ensure the completion of action items and deliverables • Administering budgets and writing/compiling reports for funders Other Information: The position will be based in Port Alberni. A driving license and personal vehicle will be required. Occasional overnight travel will occur. Initial government funding to support Uu-a-thluk is for 3½ years, through March 2009. Salary: The starting salary will be about $40,000 per year, plus full-time benefits. The deadline for internal applications is 4:30 pm October 28, 2005. Original documents, MS Word, or pdf email attachments are preferred. Faxed applications will be accepted at (250) 724-2172. Only candidates selected for interviews will be contacted. For additional information contact Dr. Don Hall at (250) 724–5757 or dhall@nuuchahnulth.org. Applications (your resume with a cover letter) should be sent to: Nuu-chah-nulth Tribal Council PO Box 1383 Port Alberni, BC V9Y 7M1 Attn.: Human Resource Manager Fax: (250) 723-0463 Email: hr@nuuchahnulth.org (Word and pdf attachments accepted)

Page 18 - Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005

Klecko’s - +ekoo An Open Letter of Gratitude From the “Celebration of Life” September 18, 2005. Tla-o-qui-aht Ha’wilth, Naak’qua, would like to extend his klecos to all who attended his dinner to celebrate the full recovery of the health of his son, Simon. Our Ha-wilth was deeply honoured with your presence and has told me to tell you this. He would especially like to extend his gratitude to Deb David for being there for him in overseeing the food-prep. He recognizes and has the greatest respect for you for all the effort and hard work that you put into making events like this happen for our Ha’wiih. He knows that you practice what all Co-ous are supposed to practice…that you never refuse when any of our Ha’wiih asks you to be there for them when they need you. To you, he extends his heart-felt ‘klecos’. Warm klecos are also extended to Veronica Dick of Mowachaht/Muchlaht for the sockeye that you provided. As hungry as we all were, it was well worth the wait come dinner time!!! Ha’wilth Naak-qua extends his gratitude to you. He would also like to extend his appreciation to our Beach-keeper, Barney Williams, Jr. Even though you have not yet fully recovered from your very own health difficulties, you made the time to be there and speak for him. You are the epitome of what our ancestors, as well as our elders of today, stand for—-Iisaak. For this, he is ever thankful. Kleco. I would like to send thanks to all of those who were there for my family when we lost my dear brother, Stanley Paul Sam. I especially want to thank those of you who spend many hours, cooking, cleaning, and making arrangements, etc., for my family during this time. I really want to say a special thank you to my cousin, Francine Frank, for making sure our family was fed first thing in the morning and through out the days. Another thank you to Joyce Patrick, who

To my uncle, Aa-neets-naas, kleco to you for also speaking for him with your powerful, commanding and attentiongrabbing voice! He knows that you, too, have been through very trying times with the loss of your son; yet, you made time to be with him in the celebration of the life of his son, Simon. He has the deepest respect for you; both as one of his brothers and as one of his of speakers. Kleco-kleco! To the ones who helped serve at dinner time: Gail Hayes, Hazel Curley, Agnes, Mercedes & Monica Brown, and Naomi Seitcher. It is really heart-warming and reassuring to him to know that you never had to be asked; you just came forward and helped. Ha’wilth Naak’qua will always remember you for this. Klecokleco. To our singers: Ha-wiih Wickaninnish and Muuchink, George Gray, Arnold Frank, Clifford Williams, Dennis Manson, Glenn David, Leo Manson, Sr. and Francis Frank. Our Ha’wilth is always proud of you for your talent and ability to remember all the songs of Tlao-qui-aht’s Ha’wiih. It never seizes to amaze. Kleco-kleco. And, last but not least, Ha’wilth Naakqua would like to thank his family who helped him in one way or another to prepare for this dinner. He would like you to keep in mind that we must remember that it is imperative that we are always there when any of our Ha’wiih call upon us for assistance. Kleco-kleco to you for being there for him. In Brotherhood, Remi Tom has been there continuously through out the past months. Your phone calls to check up on me and taking the time to listen means the world to me. (Your parents must be so proud to have raised such an awesome daughter, and not only them, but your children to.) Jane, Thank you for welcoming me and my daughter, Monique, into your home, and being there when I need you. Thank you all. Crystal and Monique Sam.

Hawaiih Hees-quis-sinuplth-sheelth Alex Frank Sr. from Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations is asking that all his family come together to meet each other on his birthday October 28th, 2005. This includes all the children and grandchildren of his siblings Marie “Precious” Martin, Late Joseph “Shorty” Frank, Late Caroline Mickey, Late Nancy Masso, Late Wilfred Frank, Late Andrew “Bossman” Frank, Late Clotilda Manson. Recently, we had the privilege of meeting family that we have never met. This brought a lot of happiness to our father/ grandfather Alex. After that meeting, he asked that we as his family come together so we can once again reconnect with our roots in Opitsaht. We hope to show are family the songs, dances, and history they have here in the house of Iy-yoush-tikumplth. We are looking forward to this gathering.

Please contact Dora Frank @ 250-725-2663 or Randy Frank @ 250-725-3262 for details. Tracy and Che’-lynn Louie and Kyle Louie and Matthias Jones would like to announce the upcoming wedding of our parents Catherine Jones To Ira Paul Sam. The wedding will take place on October,29, 2005 in Victoria, B. C. For more info please contact Melody Louie at 250-920-4848 or Ira Sam 250-886-0112

Invitation to Friends and Family of (late) Wesley Thomas Sr. You are cordially invited to attend a feast held on December 03, 2005.Starting at 5pm @ the Ahousaht T-Bird Hall. Come and join Lil Webster & Family, and the Thomas Family.

Community Events JACK FAMILY POTLATCH Ben Jack Sr. and Claretta Newman will be hosting a Family Potlatch on October 8, 2005 starting 10 a.m. sharp. The potlatch is in the name of Christopher Jack. We invite you to come and join us. We will be doing Cleansing Ceremonies for numerous members of the family. We will be giving Indian names to the newest members of the family. If you have any inquiries please call Claire Newman at (250) 957-2487 or Ben Jack Sr. (250) 283-7337 or email Claire Newman at clarettajoan@hotmail.com. Thank you. Ben Jack Sr and Claretta Newman

DAVID FAMILY MEMORIAL POTLATCH The David family will be hosting a memorial potlatch for the Late Dan David, Saturday October 15, 2005 at the Tofino Community Hall starting at noon. The family cordially invites you to join us to remember our late husband, father, brother, uncle and grandfather. If you have any questions please feel free to contact Debbie David at (250) 725-3335 office or (250) 725-2723 home after 4:30pm or Ernest David at (250) 725-2792.

CELEBRATION FOR KATIE FRASER Dear family and friends there will be a celebration for Katie Fraser/Tla-o-qui-aht and Ahousaht, completing her MA in Curriculum and Instruction from University of Victoria @ 3949 Shell Beach Road, Ladysmith, BC. On October 22nd at 1:00p.m. Thesis Titled ‘Everything is one’. We would like to honour Katie for her modelship in demonstrating we are always learning. Directions: as you are travelling from the North Island you would travel along the Island Highway until you get to the Cedar Road Light intersection then you take the next left on to Brenton-page Road travel down that road until you pass a cemetery then there is a big sign that says Chemainus First Nation turn in that road (its a left) then behind the Community Centre is the Elders Centre titled ( Sulxe:n Lelum) translation House of Elders. That is where the Elders Centre and the Celebration will be. For more information contact Leonard Louie (250) 245-0263 email: Lennie_Louie@shaw.ca

CHIEF TSUXIIT MAQUINNA MEMORIAL POTLATCH. Tyee Ha’with Y’athluaa (Mike Maquinna) would like you to come and honour late chief Tsuxiit (Ambrose) on November 12, 2005. Chief Maquinna took the floor at the Thompson family Memorial and invited all the Tyee and their people. This event will take place at Tsaxana Wameesh Gym in Gold River. Doors open at 10 a.m. Lunch at 12. For more information please call Marsha Maquinna at 250-283-2214.

>aakt’uu>a The Williams family is hosting a memorial feast for late Al Williams on November 12, 2005 at Maht Mahs Gym, Port Alberni at 12:00 noon. We invite you to remember him and to celebrate his life. The Williams family apologizes to Chief Mike Maquinna and muwac^ath= membership for hosting our feast the same day as your feast for the late Chief Ambrose Maquinna. Pam Watts, Linda Watts nee Williams

Classifieds continued Flea Market and Loonie Twoonie: 9am to 3pm, Saturday, October 8th, Ha-HoPayuk School Gym. Great Prizes, tons of movies, new and used items, concession, baked goodies and tons more. Grand prize: MP3 Player. Tables available. More info call Linda at 723-6194 or 7300677. Flea Market and Halloween Loonie Twoonie: 9am to 3pm. Saturday, October 22nd, Ha-Ho-Payuk School Gym. Fun and spooky Loonie Twoonie prizes, tons of movies, concession, Avon Rep, get ready for Christmas with a huge selection of Avon products, new and used items, goodies galore. Tables available. More info call Linda at 723-6194 or 7300677.

Missing/misplaced: Precious shawl. Please return call 250-724-5290. No questions asked. Kleco. MISSING: One 18” x 18” clear, plexiglass display box with woven cedar basket (circa early 1900’s) missing from the Administration Office foyer of the Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nation after Christmas. Approx. 12”wide x 12” long x 14”height no handles. It was in fragile condition, collapsed and a darkened cedar color. If you have any information please contact Margarita James, Director of Cultural & Heritage Resources in the Administration Office or the Gold River detachment of the RCMP.

FOR SALE: 318, 84 Dodge, 17 ft 10”, electric hookup, rebuilt tranie, good running order, propane stove, double bed, micowave, fridge, closet/bathroom, dining table, storage. Moving must sell. $2500. by Aug. 7th. Phone Gideon Smith 751-9412.

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LOST: Gold necklace with a 1in X 1in Indian design butterfly pendant. Last seen on my niece at the Ucluelet Secondary School in March. Please call Jeannine Adams @ 670-1150 or email ballgrrl@hotmail.com. Thanks.

Ha-Shilth-Sa - October 6, 2005 - Page 19 Arts FOR SALE: West Coast Shopping Baskets. Made by Lavern Frank. To make an order call 250-726-2604(h), 250-7253367(w). mon-fri 8am -4:30pm. FOR SALE: Native designed jewellery; silver, copper, gold engraving, stone setting. Contact Gordon Dick by phone 723-9401. WANTED: I am looking for someone to make Abalone buttons. Call 7237134. FOR SALE: Carvings such as coffee table tops, clocks, plaques, 6’ totems, canoes made by Charlie Mickey 7314176. Place an order my mail PO Box 73, Zeballos, BC, V0P 2A0. FOR SALE: Genuine Authentic basket weaving grass. Linda Edgar, phone 250-741-1622. BASKET WEAVING FOR SALE: Grad Hat Regalia, Baskets, Weaving material, specializing in Maquinna Hat Earrings. Available to teach at conferences and workshops. Call Julie Joseph (250) 729-9819. WANTED: whale teeth, whalebones, mastodon ivory and Russian blue cobalt trade beads. Lv. msg. For Steve and Elsie John at 604-833-3645 or c/o #141-720 6th St, New Westminster BC V3L3C5. FOR SALE: Native painting. Call Bruce Nookemus (250) 728-2397 WHOPULTHEEATUK - Sandra Howard, Mowachaht Cedar Weaver. Hats, Caps, Pouches, Baskets, Mats, and Roses for Sale. Price Negotiable. Barter or Trade. Ph: 250-283-7628. e-mail:oomek@hotmail.com. ROSE AMBROSE: Basket weaving, shawls, baskets, headbands, roses, etc. Also teach 723-2106. NOOTKA ART GOLD & SILVER: rings, bracelets, pendants, and stone settings by Gideon Smith. Sales - this year till year-end spend $150 on silver jewelry and get 50% off on next item. Orders over $150 can be delivered as far as Port Alberni to Victoria and Campbell River with a $15 delivery charge. Phone 250 751 9412.

wihayaqq,cik, James Swan, AHOUSAHT NATIVE ARTIST, Original paintings, and carvings. (can customize orders) P.O. # 84 - Ahousaht, BC. - V0R-1A0 home (250) 670-2438 ~ cell (250) 7315304. www.ahousahtnativeart.com wihay@alberni.net

CLASSIFIED Automotive D&M AUTOCLEAN: "We’ll do your dirty work" Automobile cleaning and renewal. CARS - TRUCKS - RV'S BOATS. 7429 Pacific Rim Highway. Phone 720-2211. PROFESSIONAL BODYWORK: Will do professional bodywork and painting. 14 years experience. Experienced, certified welder on-site. Marcel Dorward. 723-1033. FOR SALE: 1989 Ford Econoline 17 passenger bus. Auto, runs great. $5500 obo 723-2308. FOR SALE: 1990 Ford 2 wd 1 ton crew cab on propane. $2500. 735-0833. FOR SALE: 1993 Honda Del Sol Si. 165,000 kms, 5 spd., body kit, blue, motegi white rims, removable top, partial turbo kit, and more. $9,000. 735-2225. Willard. FOR SALE - 1997 Ford Aerostar Van. Very good condition, has been cared for and used sparingly. Call 1-360-645-2019 evenings after 6:30 pm. Elizabeth Little Parker. FOR SALE: 318, 84 Dodge, 17 ft 10”, electric hookup, rebuilt tranie, good running order, propane stove, double bed, micowave, fridge, closet/bathroom, dining table, storage. Moving must sell. $2500. by Aug. 7th. Phone Gideon Smith 7519412.

Marine BOAT FOR SALE: 1992 - 25 foot Raider. Aluminum cabin, open fore and aft deck, adjustable outboat bracket, tandem galvanized trailer. $19,900 without engine, $29,900 with 2001 - 225 Merc Optimax. Call Roger Franceur 723-4005 BOATFOR SALE: MV Ropo – no license. 40’ fiberglass. Ex-freezer troller. Fully equipped. Freezer system only 2 years old. Harold Little (250) 670-2477. FOR SALE - 40’ Ex-troller and Spring nets made to order. Call Robert Johnson Sr. (250) 724-4799. FOR SALE: Area "G" AI Troll License 37.5 ft. Contact Louie Frank Sr. at 250670-9573 or leave a message at the Ahousaht Administration Office at 250670-9563. FOR SALE: New and Used Barclay Sound Sockeye Nets. (250) 923-9864. WANTED: 18' - 19' Fiberglass Deep V Fishing Boat, Soft Top, (Double Eagle, Hourston, etc). Call Dale or Barb @ 250 - 283 - 7149. CANOE BUILDING: Will build canoe, or teach how to build canoe. Call Harry Lucas 724-1494. FOR SALE: 25’ Bayliner powered by 350 Chev with Volvo leg. Excellent condition. $11,000. 735-0833. MISSING – 30 HP Yamaha. Any information please contact Boyd or Josh Fred at 723-5114 or 724-6491. Reward! WANTED: Boat Trailer for 20’ boat. Call Michael @ 720-6026. FOR SALE. Nets –Different Sizes, Different prices, make an offer. Trolling gear – offers. View – 5010 Mission Rd. Phone – 723-9894.

3395 4TH AVE., Port Alberni, BC, V9Y4G8 (250) 724-6831

For Sale: 28’, 1983 Spirit. Command bridge, hardtop stern roof, all new canvas & canopy, twin 350 Chev engines (570 hrs), Volvo dual props, hydraulic steering, anchor winch, all electronics, kitchen, bathroom, security system, hot water. $49,000 obo. Call (250) 723-1496

Employment Wanted/ Services Offered

T.S.G. TRUCKING SERVICE: Moving And Hauling, Reasonable Rates. Tom Gus, 5231 Hector Road, Port Alberni, B.C. Phone: (250) 724-3975. FOR HIRE:Pickup truck and driver. Need something transported or towed? Transport/move furniture, fridge, stoves, outboard motors, your boat, canoe or travel trailer towed or moved. By the km and by the hour. Call 250-724-5290. +`um>k`a Advisory for Histories, Governance, and Constitutions (forming governments). contact Harry Lucas, at 724-2313. NUU-CHAH-NULTH NATIVE LANGUAGE: Transcribing in phonetics for meetings, research projects, personal use. Hourly rates. Phone Harry Lucas at 7242313. FREE LANGUAGE CLASSES: at Hupacasath Hall. Language Instructor - Tat Tatoosh. Monday and Wednesday Nights. 7 pm to 9 pm. (Bring your own pen and paper). Parenting Skills for Parents and Tots. Fridays from 3 – 4 pm. EVERYONE IS WELCOME. cuu kleco. Edward Tatoosh, Certified Linguist. TSAWAAYUUS: SHARE YOUR TALENTS WITH YOUR ELDERS: Volunteers required for the following: üGive demonstrations üand/or teach basket weaving, carving, painting, etc. üWe also need cultural entertainment. Contact Darlene Erickson at 724-5655. FIRST AID TRAINING: Canadian Red Cross Certified First Aid Instructors Lavern and Alex Frank are available to teach First Aid to your group, office, or community. Classes can have up to 24 students. Phone (250) 725-3367 or (250) 726-2604 for more information. SWEEPY’S CLEANING SERVICES: Samantha Gus: Need some Cleaning done? Don’t have enough time? Good rates. Call 723-7645 or leave a message @ 724-2763. Windows, dishes, vacuuming, laundry, walls, shelves, etc. Custodial/ Janitorial certified. Commercial house keeping/ home making certified and Food safe. ELEGANT ADVANTAGE DECORATING AND CATERING SERVICES: Tracey Robinson @ home:723-8571, Margaret Robinson @ home:723-0789. We do all occasions: Weddings, Showers, Graduations, Banquets, Brunches, Dinners, * Super Host and Food Safe Certified* AL & JO-ANNE’S CLEANING SERVICES: The most reasonable rates! Call Al or Jo-anne (250) 723-7291. UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT: Nitinaht Lake Motel. Now open year round. For reservations and other information call 250745-3844. Mailing address P.O. Box 455, Port Alberni, B.C. V9Y 7M9. MR. MARTIN THE MAGICIAN: is now taking bookings for all entertainment purposes. 250-995-2942. TOQUAHT BAY CONVENIENCE STORE: Open year round. Stat cigs available. 726-8306.

FOR RENT: A non-profit organization has rooms to rent, by the day, week or month. Very reasonable rates for Room and Board. Also, there is a Boardroom available for rent. For more information phone 723-6511. R. FRED & ASSOCIATES - media specialists. Professional quality publishing services, audio-video, website development, accessibility for disabilities, contract writing & business development. Call Randy Fred at (250)741-0153. PROFESSIONAL available for Workshops/ Conferences. Healing Circles/Retreats/ Canoe Journeys. Contract or full-time position. Holistic massage and aromatherapy with essential oils by Raven Touch. Please contact Eileen Touchie @250-726-7369 or 7265505. FOR RENT: Equipment for power point and DVD presentations. Projector and Screen. By the hour or day. Deposit required. Telephone: 250-724-5290. WANTED: NCN women to join my fantastic Mary Kay team. Perfect way to invest in a home based business. Call me for more information Rosalee Brown @385-9906 or email rosaleeb_61@excite.com BOARDROOMS FOR RENT: At the Tseshaht Administrative Buildings, Port Alberni. For more information call the Tseshaht First Nations Office at (250) 7241225 or toll free 1-888-724-1225. Having a little trouble keeping up to your lawn growth and yard maintenance? Call Ozzie & Darryl or leave a message at my home. Reasonable rates for mowing and weed eating! I work until 2:00 p.m. every day and home by 2:30. Leave a message at Darryl Watts #730-2880.

Miscellaneous WANTED: Used sofa/futon or freezer in excellent condition. Reasonably priced. Port Alberni 723-9706 after 4:30 p.m. WESTCOAST TRANSITION HOUSE EMERGENCY SHELTER: For Abused Women and their Children on call 24 hours toll free. 1-877-726-2020. PORT ALBERNI TRANSITION HOUSE: Call 724-2223 or call the nearest local shelter or crisis center. HELP LINE FOR CHILDREN: 310-1234. WANTED: Medical Equipment such as wheelchairs etc. Can be dropped off at the Tseshaht Band Office. 5000 Mission Road, Port Alberni. Contact Gail K. Gus at 7241225. FOR SALE: Custom built food cart with grill, deep fryer, sink, water pump, and lots of storage. 1 owner. $6500, obo. 7244383. FOR SALE: 4 1/2’ x 9’ pool table, 2 years old, $2000. 728-3537. FOR SALE: 1100 motorized wheel chair, with adjustable air seat. Brand new battery charger, (value $450) colour is candy apple red. Value is $8000, want $3000 firm. phone Terry @ 250 741-1622. Nanaimo.B.C FOR SALE: Seaside Adventures in Tofino $695,000.00 Serious Inquiries Call 725-3448 OR 725-8329 ask for Steve or Cindy Dennis. FOR SALE: Anyone interested in buying sweaters & sweatpants, blankets and baby blankets, denim handbags. Put your order in with Doreen and Anna Dick at 250 2042480. WANTED TO RENT: 3 – 5 bedroom house anywhere in Port Alberni. Willing to pay $600-650/month. Call Crystal Fred or Wes Price @ 723-6028. NOTE TO ADVERTISERS: Please call Ha-Shilth-Sa @ 724-5757 or email hashilthsa@nuuchahnulth.org when you want your ad deleted or revised.

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October 6, 2005

N.E.D.C. BUSINESS NEWS STAY-TUNED over the next three issues for the NEDC Mini-Series:

~Small Business Week~

You & Money. This mini-series is based on NEDC’s Financial Management Workbook, and will provide you with an overview of everything you need to know from determining your net worth to repairing your credit. For the full length workbook please contact Caledonia Fred, Business Support Services Officer, or Tamara Fritzsche, Youth Business & Communications Coordinator, at (250) 724-3131. Money is like anything else: if you are not good at managing it, you may never develop money management skills. Purposefully learning about money will remove any fears you may have and create opportunities which will eventually contribute to your success. The first step is to know yourself and what you think of money: how you treat it, manage it, and feel about it. Financial success is not found at a bank, with a financial advisor, or with luck. Success begins with your thoughts. The first step you must take toward attaining financial freedom is to conduct a self-assessment. Determine how you are currently spending your money. Review your bank statements and note patterns. Once you determine where you’ve been spending your money you can then determine whether or not you’re making frivolous purchases. Next determine your net worth. To do this you must make two lists, one with your assets (ie. Cash on hand, vehicle, house, furniture, etc.), the other with your liabilities (what you owe such as credit cards, car loans, mortgages, etc.). Subtract your total liabilities from your assets to determine your net worth. The goal of the net wealth is to work toward saving and investing your money to earn enough monthly income to pay your monthly expenses. There are two ways for you to manage your money, regardless of your income level. Style “A” is earning income and spending the same amount (assets = liabilities), or spending more than you earn (asset < liabilities). Style “B” is earning income, planning your expenses and saving (assets > liabilities). Style “B” will help you achieve greater wealth. Now, make a list of things you need (ie. Food, shelter, clothing), and another list of things you desire (restaurant meals, expensive cars, designer clothing). Some things are necessary; there is just no getting around it and nobody is going to argue that you shouldn’t buy the things you need. Thinking a desire is a need jeopardizes your financial future. You have the ability to choose your financial future, and that is a key point to remember when you manage money throughout your life. Stay tuned for the next addition to the NEDC Mini-Series: You & Money, when we will examine how to plan for your future financial success.

October 16 - 22, 2005 Celebrate the Entrepreneur! This years theme “You’re the power behind the Canadian Economy, let’s share the energy!” recognizes the significant contribution small businesses make to the Canadian economy. • • •

98% of all businesses currently operating in Canada are defined as “small”. Small business enterprises make up over 50% of private employment. 40% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is produced by small businesses.

What constitutes a “Small Business”? •

Businesses with fewer than 50 employees and businesses operating by a person who is self-employed, without paid help.

There are many different ways of defining a small business, but the definition most commonly used focuses on the number of employees. Sometimes businesses with fewer than 50 employees are also described as small and medium enterprises (SME)

Nuu-chah-nulth Economic Development Corporation (250) 724-3131


to promote and assist the development, establishment and expansion of the business enterprises of Nuu-chah-nulth Tribes and Tribal members


21 years - 1984-22005

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