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MIX USE ECO TOWER

Noida, sector 15

REPORT Content Introduc on to projrct Literature study Case study/ Literature case study Study of codal provision Introduc on to site

“a green building should look like what the term indicates—‘green.’ It should look like a human-made ecosystem—a balance of organic and inorganic mass that works as a whole and is [connected] to the landscape at the ground. It should look, I believe, indeterminate, fuzzy or hairy.” KEN YEANG

HARDEEP SINGH


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my sincere gra tude to the department of architecture ,guru Nanak dev university for le ng me fulďŹ ll my dream of being a student here. I would also like to thank the head of department, Dr. Sandeep Dua for guiding throughout the gradua on . to my thesis penel Ar. Meenakshi AR. Ranbir kaur Ar. Pankaj chhabra Ar. parul minhah, I am extremely grateful for your assistance and sugges ons throughout my thesis project . I am thankful to all the teachers for the constant guidance during the course of this work to all my friends and family for helping and not le ng me give up . I would like to express my gra tude to the thesis coordinator ar. pinto Emerson and Ar. Amanpreet singh for constant supervision throughout whole course of thesis


Introduc on to project Content w Introduc on.......................................................................................................................................1 w Validity................................................................................................................................................2 w Challenges..........................................................................................................................................3 w

i) Aim

w

ii) Objec ves

w Introduc on to Site.............................................................................................................................4 w Scope of work.....................................................................................................................................5 w Methodology......................................................................................................................................6

ECO TOWER


Content

INTRODUCTION

Ÿ Introduc on Ÿ Sustainable Ÿ Tower

Introduc on

Tower

Ÿ Eco Architecture seeks to minimize the

Tower is a tall structure, taller than it is wide, o en by a significant margin. A skyscraper can be dis ngue from tower by its special emphasis on structure design to counter wind load prominent on height. There is no official defini on or height above which a building may be classified as a skyscraper and at which height it may not be considered a high-rise anymore.

n e ga ve e nv i ro n m e nta l i m p a c t s o f structures through improved efficiency and the use of sustainable construc on materials. Beau ful buildings that work with the environment are the heart and soul of eco architecture. Ÿ An Ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunc on with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water), interac ng as a system.

Sustainable Sustainable Design that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future genera ons to meet their own needs.

Ÿ Mix Use Ÿ Mix Use Eco Tower

Mix Use Mix Use Combines different uses in the same building. Lower floors should have more public uses with more private uses on the upper floors. For example, the ground floor could have retail, second floor and up having professional offices, and uppermost floors being some form of residen al, such as flats or a hotel. Mix Use Eco Tower

figure 1: Sustainable aspects of habitat design

Bioclima c architecture Bioclima c is a sector of architecture that

dominated by the principles of ecology and sustainability.

synopsis

A tower as an ecosystem is the collec on of bio c and abio c processes and components that dictates the life in a Tower. This project is a self-sufficient “ f a r m ”, a c o m m u n i t y capable of surviving en rely from the building ac vi es and resources. Its two main components are the living and working areas.

figure 2: ver cal zoning in mix use

h ps://www.regenera ve.com/eco-architecture

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Content

VALIDITY Why Eco..? Eco tower will be located in NCR , one of the most polluted area in the world due to the exponen al increase in popula on causing urban sprawl. To combat this reality I will design a Tower which will convert all the unwanted energies into useful one making it sustainable

Current city problem This project examines a possible solu on to the mul ple environmental problem we facing every year. If the city will con nue with the same year to year increment in air pollutants it will no longer be safe to breathe in the outdoors without a filtering device. Eco skyscraper will be the solu on proposed in this thesis that will include how to integrated the latest green

Ÿ Why Eco?

synopsis Ÿ Land Crisis

Ÿ Current city problem Ÿ Site Proposal

technologies in major residen al and commercial development. All the waste produced at the building is recycled at the site itself.

Land crisis Ÿ Noida lies in N.C.R (Na onal Capital Region)

developing at a very fast pace. Ÿ This automa cally calls in for new and favorable construc on projects in the region leading to greater level of development. Ÿ The accelerated rate of growth of the city as a commercial hub provides the impetus for inves ng in various construc on projects like mix use development etc. Ÿ Thereby Noida is seen as a poten al city for large scale investments jus fying the purpose of the upcoming project.

figure 3:Noida sky line

SITE PROPOSAL Site is proposed by Aims Sanya Developers Sector 15, Noida for mix use tower. Aims & Sanya Group Are Developing a world class super luxury Commercial Complex “MIX USE TOWERS” – in Noida Sec-15The concept offers the Commercial Green Building in NOIDA. The project is set to be on a plot size of 3.7 Acres of development With luxury Hotel in the campus. The Green Building is designed by Renowned Master Architect Agency DFA known for Beau fully designed building all over. Mix use Towers Noida will emerge in the pulsa ng 2 ECO TOWER

hub of Sector-15, right in the heart of Noida’s business district. A towering edifice rising against breathtaking landscaped grounds in the green, pollu on-free atmosphere, the project offers a seamless blend of retail space, smart office space, vital leisure zones and abundant parking area.

h p://www.engineersgarage.com/ar cles/what-is-green-building


Content

CHALLENGES

Ÿ Aim Ÿ Objec ves

Aim Since the ver cal development is considered as the most unsustainable form of architecture, my main design challenge is to make that sustainable. Not only achieving Environmental, Social and Economic Sustainability, The design is going to be a resource for Food and Water, to make a Self Sufficient. Ÿ To put up an Eco Friendly facility Ÿ Unique icon (IDENTITY) Ÿ Self Sustainable Ÿ Design Approach

Objec ves Eco Tower This is evident that designing with “green” or ecologically responsive design objec ves in mind is vital indeed. 1) Providing eco friendly facility To approach eco friendly design various technique to be follow Ÿ Energy Produc on: The building will be Self

Sustainable and this can be done by reducing energy requirement by using a number of passive technologies and genera ng energy using renewable sources like Solar, Speed Breaker And Wind Mills. Ÿ Waste Management: A lot of energy is

wasted in transpor ng the waste from source to the treatment plant. So that a waste water treatment plant will be the part of the site. The treated water will be used for toilets, terrace gardens and daily use and the organic waste from residents of the building, is used as manure for the gardens. on Reduc on): The structure will be equipped with filtering system for air and water. Its h i g h - p e r fo r m a ve g re e n facade is covered with vegeta on that filters rain water and releases oxygen into the

atmosphere.

2) Unique form structure will be signature image for the Noida region by Some Aerodynamic modifica on in architectural design to reduce the effect of the lateral wind force and Ver cal landscaping invite the people inside the site and also balance with bulky exterior mirrors.

3) Design approach For designing of environment friendly High rise eco building greater emphasis on the following factors. Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

Structure Clima c condi on of that place Water management techniques Energy produc on techniques

Ÿ Eco skin (Air Pollu

synopsis

figure 4:typical sec on

figure 5: The as a ver cal urban design h p://www.engineersgarage.com/ar cles/what-is-green-building

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Content

SCOPE

Ÿ Scope of work

Ÿ Case Studies

Ÿ Area of Thrust

Ÿ Area Calcula on

Scope of Work

Area calculation

The scope of the work will have following func onal components: Spread over 3.7 acres approach from one side 1. RESIDENTIAL I) Simplex(1BHK,2BHK) ii) Duplex (3BHK,4Bhk) 2. SUPER LUXURY FACILITIES i) Specialty restaurants ii) Spa ii) Salon iv) Night Club, etc. 3. OFFICE i) Entrance Foyer ii) Mee ng Rooms iii) Conven onal Center iv) Discussion Rooms 4. COMMERCIAL I) Showrooms, Anchor Shops ii) Restaurants iii) Café iv) Food Court v) Library vi) Mul plex 5. PARKING I) Basements ii) Mul level

Total site area.............................15205 m Total Ground coverage 50%.......76025 sqm Residential ........................ ......22808.62 sqm Flat Area 85 to 200 Parking Space 351 cars commercial offices ....................30411.5 sqm Office Size 70 sqm to 140 sqm Parking Space 608 cars Retail Area with clubs ............22808.62 sqm Shop Size 55 sqm to 300 sqm Multiplexes 2 Parking Space 456 cars

figure 15: Pie Chart

Thrust Area Sustainable Design, Eco Architecture and bioclima c architecture

Case study and Literature case study Ÿ Spire Edge, Maneser Ÿ Signature Tower, Gurgaon Ÿ Adobe India, Noida Ÿ

Shanghai World Trade Center, China

Ÿ Solaris, Singapore

figure 15: Area brief Sec on

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Content Ÿ Understanding the

METHODOLOGY

project Ÿ Site analysis

Ÿ Case study Ÿ Synthesis of data Ÿ Evolu on on design

1. UNDERSTANDING THE PROJECT An understanding of the project will be required to move further and it can be done by studying the briefs made by the NDA and by having discussions with their concerned people. Discussion with architects involved in the high rise development will also become helpful to understand the context of the site within the overall program.

2. SITE ANALYSIS Site need to be analyzed firstly in its urban context, studying and plo ng the inter connec vity of the site with its surroundings, topography i.e vegeta on , soil type etc. It will also include a clima c evalua on of the site in terms of temperature, rainfall, rela ve humidity, wind direc on and solar analysis.

3. CASE STUDIES AND LITERATURE STUDIES It can be analyzed by collec on and studying the selec on its plans, services, materials and construc on techniques, building management system, structure mechanism, space requirement etc.

4. SYNTHESIS OF ANALYZES DATA All the inferences and observa on which are drawn from the studies are then need to be carefully analyzed to develop a design solu on based on them. Understanding the rela onship between technology and architecture and to arrive possible solu on to be accommodated in the design.

5. EVOLUTION OF THE DESIGN A er ge ng design concept, the design is put on the paper. and then preliminary design leads to the final design SELECTION OF TOPIC BACKGROUND STUDY SITE SELECTION COLLECTION OF DATA LITERATURE STUDY

DETAILED SITE

CASE STUDY

FORMING REQUIREMENT CONCEPTUAL DESIGN PRELIMINARY DESIGN FINAL DESIGN

synopsis

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LITERATURE STUDY Contents w Introduc on to Eco Architecture ...................................................................................................... w

Tall buildings .....................................................................................................................................

ECO TOWER


INTRODUCTION TO ECO ARCHITECTURE

Content Ÿ What is Eco

architecture? Ÿ Sustainability

Ÿ Green building

concept Ÿ Bioclima c theory

What is Eco architecture? w Eco Architecture seeks to minimize the nega ve

environmental impacts of structures through improved efficiency and the use of sustainable construc on materials. The idea of not harming t h e e nv i ro n m e nt p l u s u s i n g t h e m o st ecologically friendly construc on materials is becoming the norm for designers and builders around the world. Beau ful buildings that work with the environment are the heart and soul of eco architecture. Besides concentra ng on using sustainable materials, eco architecture seeks to significantly reduce a building’s energy needs. The most Solar panel on a red roof eco-friendly buildings are designed and built with no need for external hea ng or cooling systems. When this level of zero demand isn’t prac cal, eco architects use building materials which capture heat during the winter and repel it in the summer. Energy consump on is slashed in addi on to avoiding the expensive maintenance costs of elaborate environmental systems within the building itself.

figure 1: Solaris by Ken Yeang

w Ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals) in conjunc on with the nonliving

components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interac ng as a system.

Sustainabilty w Sustainability can be defined as the con nued

ability of a society , an ecosystem, or any such interac ve system to func on without exhaus ng key resources and without adversely affec ng environment. Ÿ Sustainable Design that meets the needs of the

present without compromising the ability of future genera ons to meet their own needs. Sustainable development can be thought of as development with low environmental impact figure 2: Sustainable aspects of habitat design while maximizing environmental, economic and social gains. sustainable development is therefore a very broad subject that goes beyond just conserving the environmental capital. Literature study

h ps://www.regenera ve.com/eco-architecture Volume 2: sustainable building design prac ces

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Green building concept Green Building refers to the incorpora on of environment friendly and resource efficient processes at each stage of construc on, right from site selec on and designing to construc on, opera on followed by maintenance, renova on or even demoli on. The endeavour is to seek minimum possible impact on environment. The concept of Green Building concentrates mainly on two points: Ÿ Increasing the efficiency with which buildings use energy, water and materials Ÿ Reducing building impacts of human health and the environment, through be er site selec on, design, construc on, opera on, maintenance, and removal throughout the complete life cycle.

Why we need green buildings? We are loading our atmosphere with thousands of pounds of CO every year. To offset this CO , more trees need to be planted. As per the es mates, in US only, to offset the huge amount of CO , trees need to be planted on 2.15 billion acres of land!!(The total land in US is 2.3 billion acres). According to US Green Building Council’s study of figure 3: contribu on of buildings in pollu on Environmental impact of buildings (2007), Buildings in the United States contribute 38.9 percent of the na on’s total carbon dioxide emissions, (including 20.8 percent from the residen al sector and 18.0 percent from the commercial sector), 39 percent of total energy use, 12 percent of the total water consump on, 71 percent of total electricity consump on.

History of green building The increase of fuel costs in 1970’s along with the concern for environment kindled the awareness and encouragement towards Green Buildings. Architects and ecologists started looking for solu ons to achieve energy savings. But with the decrease of fuel prices, the Green movement was slowed down and did not receive much encouragement. It was later in early 90’s that the movement got kick start and awareness began to figure 4: spread about need for sustainable buildings. An official Green home building program started in Aus n, Texas in 1991. The movement has gradually gained momentum since then and we can now find significant changes in the newer buildings.

Five elements of a green building projects. Ÿ Sustainable Site Design ................................................................................................................. Ÿ Water Conserva on and Quality .................................................................................................. Ÿ Energy and Environment .............................................................................................................. Ÿ Indoor Environmental Quality ...................................................................................................... Ÿ Conserva on of Materials and Resources ....................................................................................

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h p://www.engineersgarage.com/ar cles/what-is-green-building


Bioclima c architecture Bioclima c is a sector of architecture that dominated by the principles of ecology and sustainability. The term "bioclima c design" implies design which aims to protect the environment and natural resources.

Aspects of bioclima c design Green balconies The west side of a building can be made with small openings, be blind or be protected by appropriate shading (deciduous trees, awnings, plant hedges, etc.). The choice of plant species, the size at maturity, the way of pruning and the exact si ng of solar light trajectory is important for effec ve protec on. Evergreen vegeta on layout can be designed, with a preference for trees with dense foliage in combina on with deciduous trees, in order to direct winter winds out of the building while achieving cooling in summer. figure 5: shades system for south side

Green roofs By implemen ng a green roof on the roof of a building reduces significantly the cost of hea ng the building, because the mul layered stra fica on reduces heat loss, depending on its thickness. Vegeta on as well, acts as extra insula on depending on the coverage and density of foliage. Simultaneously reduces cooling costs by saving energy, as the temperature inside the building during the summer months, may be kept up to 1015 degrees below the outside.

figure 6: Roof Gardens

Note- The choice of bioclima c design for the building and its surroundings can likely increase the total construc on cost, but that can be depreciated by the limited use of units of conven onal hea ng and air condi oning units. Furthermore, the indicators of fer lity and living standards will be op mized.

Ver cal Gardens The term "ver cal garden or green walls" means the plan ng on a ver cal surface of a building. This is achieved by specialized systems and a par cular variety of plants which are ver cally a ached to them. The natural benefits of a Ver cal Garden Ÿ Improved air quality Ÿ Lower energy consump on Ÿ Providing a natural shield between weather and inhabitants Literature study

figure 6: Green Walls

h p://landco.gr/en/services-2/environmental-applica ons

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The Ecological Footprint is a measure of the amount of nature it takes to sustain a given popula on over the course of a year. Ecological Footprint analysis suggests whether or not that popula on is living within its ecological means.

Water Harves ng Rainwater harves ng refers to the accumula on and storage of rain water before it reaches the aquifer. Rainwater collected from roof tops can be generally used as drinking water, for irriga on, landscaping, cleaning etc. Installa on of water eďŹƒcient or low ow equipments in kitchens and bathrooms to reduce water consump on.

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www.arjuntree.com h p://landco.gr/en/services-2/environmental-applica ons


Content

Tall building

Ÿ Introduc on to tall

buildings

Ÿ History of tall

buildings

Ÿ Mix use

Introduc on to tall buildings Today, it is virtually impossible to imagine a major city without tall buildings. Tall buildings are the most famous landmarks of ci es, symbols of power, dominance of human ingenuity over natural world, confidence in technology and a mark of na onal pride. There is no official defini on or height above which a building may be classified as a skyscraper and at which height it may not be considered a high-rise anymore. A skyscraper can be dis ngue from tower by its special emphasis on structure design to counter wind load prominent on height.

Mix Use Tall buildings are designed primarily to provide the needs of the occupancy, whether single use or mixed-use, which include different types of func ons such as commercial, business, hotel, residen al, recrea onal, parking and like. That is, the “human centered design”, which means that the design should focus on people and be done for the people, is the keyword in the design of tall buildings.

History of tall buildings A tall building boom in the late 1920s and early 1930s in urban centers Chicago and New York Ÿ Home Insurance Building located in Chicago (1885) - 12 stories tall with a height of 55 m (cast iron), is considered the first skyscraper Skyscrapers also began to appear in other parts of the world (Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Taipei, Jakarta, etc.). Ÿ Modern mul story buildings use steel for the main structural members (or in combina on with concrete– compositestructure) Ÿ Despite the recent events that threatened the construc on of very tall buildings, their developments have been con nuously increasing worldwide. Ÿ Dubai has 18 completed buildings that rise at least 300 metres Literature study

h p://www.ct.upt.ro/suscos/files/2013-2015/2C08/L13_tall_buildings.pdf

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CASE STUDY Contents w Literature case study

Solaris, Singapore Shanghai World Financial Center, China w Live case study

Spire Edge Signature Tower Unitech Signature Tower

ECO TOWER


literature case study 1

SOLARIS, SINGAPORE

Content Ÿ Project informa on Ÿ Loca on Ÿ Floor plans

Ÿ Sec on Ÿ Plant selec on Ÿ Analysis

TR Hamzah and ken Yeang selec on criteria This will help me in understanding of sustainability/bioclima c theory and design for natural ven la on, clima c responsive facade

Introduc on The site of Solaris is part of a Zaha Hadidmaster-planned office park in central Singapore called Fusionopolis 2B. A March 2008 compe on held by the Jurong Town Council. TR Hamzah & Yeang won the compe on with a dis nc vely green ar cula on of Hadid’s fluid envelope. The facade is covered with sun-shading louvers to mi gate the tropical heat of the region, and the en re structure is interpolated by a con nuous band of vegeta on, running in a spiral from the basement to the roof.

Literature case study

h p://www.greenroofs.com/content/ar cles


solaris

Project Informa on

Building Name: Site: Loca on: Type: Loca on: Climate Zone: Vegeta on Zone: Site Area: Gross Building Area: Height:

Start of Construc on: Scheduled Comple on: Tower A: Tower B: Total Landscaped Area:

ECO TOWER

Solaris Fusionopolis [Phase 2B] onenorth, Singapore Ve r ca l Ec o Infrastructure Singapore Tropical Rainforest 7,734 m 51, 282 m 79.2 meters (15 storeys excluding 2 basement floors) Sep 2008 Aug 2010 15 Storeys + roof garden 8 Storeys + roof gardens 8,363 m

Consultant Team Client & Land Owner: Architect of Design:

JTC Corpora on T. R. Hamzah & Yeang Sdn Bhd

Awards First Prize- Skyrise Greenery Award 2009 Singapore Ins tute of Architects & Singapore Na onal Parks “Best Tall Building award” CTBUH Awards 2012 Table of Landscaped Areas Roof Gardens: Atrium Planter Boxes: EcoCell: Green Ramp: Solar Sha : Ground Level Landscaping: Green Walls: Total Landscaped Area:

2,987 m 304 m 83 m 4,115 m 223 m 487 m 164 m 8,363 m

h p://www.earchitect.co.uk/singapore/solarissingapore


Loca on Ÿ SOLARIS is a 15 story oďŹƒce building located

Ÿ The site was originally a military base, which

in the Fusionopolis hub in central Singapore's one north business park, an area dedicated to research and development in technology, media, physical sciences & engineering industries.

meant that most of the original ecological system had been destroyed.

Site Context Fusionopolis is an integral part of the larger onenorth master plan that is developed by JTC Corpora on. Together with the adjacent Biopolis and Mediapolis land parcels, the three en es within one-north aim to become incubators for biomedical research, new media produc on and high-tech so ware engineering development in Singapore and in South East Asia.

Literature case study


solaris

FLOOR PLANS

:6.6

Climate Zone :Tropical Height

:79.2 meters

Vegeta on Zone

:Rainforest

Ground Coverage

:6599 m approx.

B

FAR

um

A

:7,734 m

er Tow

SITE AREA

At ri

r we To

Site Plan

SOLARIS

Periphery road sun path

ECO TOWER

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


Level -1 plan 97.8 m

Li from Basement 2 to level 8

LOBBY TOWER B

77.6 m

LOBBY TOWER A

Li from Basement 2 to level 1

The site was originally a military base, which meant that most of the original ecological system had been destroyed. The architect’s response was to conserve what li le greenery there was by building on areas which would cause the least ecological damage, helping to improve the site’s biodiversity simply through the posi oning of the building. Ground Floor Plaza UTILITY ROOMS

RETAIL

ECO CELL

GREENERY

TOWER LOBBY

VERTICAL CIRCULATION

BUILDING PEDESTRIAN AROUND OUT LINE THE BUILDING Literature case study

A

D /T P

D Z

-O

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solaris

GROUND FLOOR PLAN (LEVEL 1)

Ÿ GROUND FLOOR AREA = 6599 m approx. Ÿ FLOOR TO FLOOR HEIGHT = 6m Ÿ ENTRIES

=3 nos.

Ÿ Divided into two tower with Grand ATRIUM

and towers are connected with each other by bridges. Ÿ Ground floor has Retails , Large Shops,

FOOTPATH

Lobby for each tower, U lity rooms Ÿ Ground level landscaping, linking to one-

north Park across the street, allows for cross ven la on of the ground floor plaza and provides a venue for social/interac ve events. The recep ons and lounge in the building is also located in the grand atrium.

L5 L4 L2 L1

Two Tower

LOBBY

TOILET

TOWER B 52m

TOWER A 44m

Fire exit Stair case on two ends of each tower Li lobbies

5 li s for tower A +1 service li 8 li s for tower B +1 service li

RAMP UP

FOOTPATH

ECO TOWER

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


STAIRCASE

L6 L7

DROP OFF

L9

ELECTRIC SUBSTAION

Y

STAIRCASE

ENTRY 1

STAIRCASE

L8 L3

L4

L2

L5

L1

FOOTPATH

L6

L L

LOBBY

ENTRY 2

ENTRY 3 STAIRCASE

STAIRCASE

P

FOOTPATH

Literature case study

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


solaris

Level-Basement 1 Mezzanine

GOING TO B2

COMING TO B1

Floor to floor height

: 3.5m

Car parking

: 50 no.

Disable parking

: 1 no.

Scooter parking

: 12 no.

RAMP

:12 m wide

DOUBLE HEIGHT

FROM GROUND FLOOR 1:10 TO GROUND FLOOR RAM P TO NT 1

EME

BAS

1: 15

floor to floor height Car parking Disable parking Scooter parking loading/unloading

Level-Basement 1

: 3.2m : 102 no. : 1 no. : 10 no. : 5 no.

Bin Center

Heat Exchange ROOM

Pump Room

FROM ground

TO ground

OFFICES ECO TOWER

GREEN RAMP

FIRE EXIT

LIFTS

CAR PARKING

CIRCULATION

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


Level-Basement 2

1:

Floor to Floor height

: 3.5 m

Car parking

: 136 no.

Disable parking

: 1 no.

Scooter parking

: 18 no.

WATER TANK

15 FROM B1

TO B1

Level-2 plan

floor to floor height

:5m

Second oor Substa on

Eco Cell

staircase form ground to top oor only

Literature case study

Green ramp Coming from top h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


solaris

Level- 3 plan

Floor to Floor height

: 4.5 m

On this floor the building is divided into two towers (tower A and Tower B) by grand atrium Tower A and B includes two offices each of research and development

AHU

Tower B has a Light shaft brid

ge

con

: 12mx6m

nec

Research And Development Space 1

ting

two

tow

ers

Research And Development Space 2 Research And Development Space 3

Research And Development Space 4

Green Balconies

Green Ramp

304 m total

AHU AHU

LIFTS

ďŹ re exit

Toilets

Level- 4 plan

Level- 5 plan

Level- 6 plan

Level- 7 plan

ECO TOWER

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


Level- 8 plan

Floor to Floor height

: 4.5 m

Ÿ Tower A has a terrace garden on

this floor and access to terrace garden is though lift lobby of tower A

AHU

Ÿ The 8th floor of tower A is a

double height 9m

DOUBLE HEIGHT

Level- 9 plan

MACHINE ROOM

Ramp up

9m

sec on Literature case study

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


solaris

Level- 10 plan

Floor to Floor height

: 4.5 m

Ÿ This floor is only a Tower B.

Tower A has a terrace garden Ÿ Green Roof Garden on 10th story of

tower A Ÿ Roof Garden is Approached by ramp and staircase

staircase from Lower floor

Pre Cool AHU

staircase

Level- 11 plan

Level- 12 plan

Level- 13 plan

Level- 14 plan

ECO TOWER

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


Level- 15 plan Floor to Floor height : 4.5 m

Terrace plan

Floor to Floor height

: 10m

Refer ďŹ gure S1

void

pump pump pump

Pre Cool AHU

Green Ramp

Con nues Green Ramp

Terrace Gardens

Con nues Green Ramp Con nues Green Ramp and Gardens around the buildings replaced the original site with a ra o of 108% of landscape to site area. The architect designed over 8,000 square meters of landscaping, a total more than the area of building.

p

Green Ram

Literature case study

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


solaris

sec on

Skylight Louvers

9m

79.5m

Atrium

12 m

Light Sha

53.75m

Green ramp

18m

19.6 m

Pocket Park Plaza

11 m Mezzanine Basement Floor

SOLARIS is comprised of two towers connected with a passivelyven lated central atrium. Office floors are linked by a series of sky terraces which span the atrium at upper floors. The architect designed over 8,000 square meters of landscaping, a total more than the area of

ECO TOWER

building. The “ecobuilding” replaced the original site with a ra o of 108% of landscape to site area. Through the ecobuilding, sustainable design features and innova ve ver cal green concept, SOLARIS strives to enhance the site's exis ng ecosystems, rather than replace them.

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


Ÿ The featured part of the building

the 1.5km spiral landscape ramp is maintained via a parallel pathway which allows for servicing or the con nuous planters without requiring access from internal tenanted spaces. The pathway also ser ves as a linear park that stretches all the way from the ground plane to the uppermost roof areas. Ÿ The building's con nuous spiral

landscaped deck are irrigated via a large-scale rainwater recycling system. Rainwater collected from the rainwater down pipes is stored in roo op tanks and at the lowest basement level, beneath the Ecocell. Ÿ All materials and plants were

carefully specified to suit Singapore's local climate and requires very low maintenance. This is part of the project's sustainability design:-lowering the opera onal and maintenance cost throughout the en re building's life-cycle .

Literature case study

h p://www.archello.com/en/project/solaris)


solaris

PLANT SELECTION:

The con nuity or the landscaping is a key component of the project's ecological design concept. The selec on of plant species was done to mimic the natural topical landscape environment. The variety ligh ng condi on on each or the building's facade was also a considera on factor in the selec on process to ensure the chosen species could strive in its speciďŹ c loca on.

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The Green design strategies of the building areas are as follows: Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

Con nuous Perimeter Landscape Ramp Rainwater Harves ng/Recycling Roof Gardens and Corner Sky Terraces Naturally Ven lated and Day Lit Grand Atrium Pocket Park / Plaza Solar Sha Extensive Sun Shading Louvers Ecocell figure S1 Con nuous Perimeter Landscape Ramp

Atrium view

Climate Responsive Facade Literature case study

Eco Cell

solar sha h p://blog.japhethlim.com/index.php/2011/06/14


solaris

Con nuous Perimeter Landscape Ramp

Ÿ An uninterrupted 1.5 kilometer long

ecological armature connects the adjacent one-north Park at ground level and the basement Ecocell with the cascading equence of roof-gardens at the building’s highest levels. The ramp has a minimum width of 3 meters.

automa cally turning off lights when adequate day ligh ng is available. Ÿ Landscaped Terraces within the solar sha

bring added quality to adjacent spaces and enhance views up into the building from the street below.

Ÿ Maintenance of the spiral landscaped ramp

is achieved via a parallel pathway which allows for servicing of the con nuous planters without requiring access from internal tenanted spaces. The pathway also serves as a linear park. Ÿ The con nuity of the landscaping is a key

component of the project’s ecological design concept. Ÿ The ramp, with its deep overhangs and large

concentra ons of shade plants, is also one element in a comprehensive strategy for the ambient cooling of the building facade.

Roof Garden Ecocell Located at the building’s northeast corner where the spiral ramp meets the ground, the Ecocell allows vegeta on, daylight and natural ven la on to extend into the carpark levels below. The lowest level of the Ecocell contains the storage tank and pump room of the rainwater recycling system.

eco cell Basement level Solar Sha Ÿ A diagonal sha

that cuts through the upper floors of Tower B allows daylight to penetrate deep into the building’s interior.

Ÿ Internal ligh ng operates on a system of

sensors which reduces energy use by ECO TOWER

h p://blog.japhethlim.com/index.php/2011/06/14


Naturally Ven lated and DayLight Grand Atrium Ÿ A public plaza between the two tower

blocks provides a space for communal ac vi es and crea ve performances. Ÿ This naturally ven lated ground floor

o p e r a t e s a s a m i xe d m o d e ( n o n a i r condi oned) zone with an operable glass louvered roof over the atrium providing protec on from the elements while enabling full ven la on when needed. Ÿ CFD (Computa onal Fluid Dynamics)

simula ons were used to analyse thermal condi ons and wind speed within the atrium.

Ÿ Singapore is at the equator and the sunpath

is almost exactly eastwest. Facade studies analyzing the solarpath determined the shape and depth of the sunshade louvers, which also double as lightshelves. Ÿ This solar shading strategy further reduces

heat transfer across the building’s lower doubleglazed perimeter facade, contribu ng to an extremely low External Thermal Transfer Value (ETTV) of 39 W/m2. Ÿ The combined linear length of the

building’s sunshade louvers exceeds 10km.

Roof Gardens and Corner Sky Terraces Ver cal landscaping acts as a thermal buffer and creates areas for relaxa on and event spaces. Gardens allow building occupants to interact with nature and also offers opportuni es to experience the external environment and enjoy views of the treetops of onenorth Park.

Rainwater Harves ng/Recycling Rainwater is collected from the drainage downpipes of the perimeter landscaped ramp and from the roof of tower A via Siphonic drainage. It is stored in roo op tanks and at the lowest basement level, beneath the Ecocell.

Pocket Park / Plaza Ground Level landscaping, linking to one-north Park across the street, allows for cross ven la on of the groundfloor plaza and provides a venue for social/interac ve events Extensive SunShading Louvers Literature case study

A storage capacity of over 700 m³ allows for over five days of irriga on via recycled water between rainfalls. WATER TANK


solaris

Analysis Singapore climate analysis Annual temperature One-North, Singapore's Climate

Ÿ

No have clear-cut seasons like summer, spring, autumn and winter throughout the year.

In the morning, percentage of humidity could reach 90% and drop to a 60% during the mida ernoon for sunny days. The average rela ve humidity level in Singapore is 84.2%.

Ÿ In Singapore, the average temperature is

between 25 degrees Celsius and 31 degrees Celsius.

The wind speed of both loca ons depends on the loca on of site. Singapore being an island, this factor has caused irregular wind speed as throughout the year. For One-North, Singapore, the average amount of sunshine hours in Singapore is 7.6 hours.

Average rainfall each year is around 1500 mm and 2700 mm.

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Source: http://www.holiday-weather.com/sentosa/averages/


Sun analysis on the effec veness of Grand Atrium & Solar Sha Ÿ Grand atrium that u lizes the natural

environment by including considera on on the macro-climate of Singapore as the design strategy; this idea has allowed a passive driven feature. Ÿ This naturally-ven lated atrium has operable

slanted louvers glass roof was adjusted through mechanical systems. It is sensoroperated thus protects the interior from extreme weather condi on and it also designed to func ons as a smoke vent during emergency situa on. 23 September 9 am The east direc on of the sun showered on the lower tower of Solaris. Based on the diagram, sunlight shines into the atrium and lights up the upper floors of the higher tower. 12 am

In the a ernoon, sunlight showers directly into the atrium with most of the floors exposed to sunlight.

3 pm The west direc on of the sun showered on the lower tower of Solaris. Based on the diagram, sunlight shines into the atrium and lights up the upper floors of the lower tower. Literature case study


solaris Ÿ The slanted louvers glass roof allows for stack effect ven la on which is well-suitable for warm climate in Singapore. This is proved using the computa onal fluid dynamics (CFD) simulator. Ÿ This increases the thermal comfort level and

improves the air flow throughout the building. As a result, it reduces excessive use of ac ve energy sources thus making it a more environmental conscious building. Ÿ This passively ven lated atrium gained

points from BCA Green Mark Marking scheme. This was because it fi ed into the criteria of part 1- energy efficiency under NRB 1-8 Ven la on in Common Areas.

Hot and cold air movement throughout the building

Solar sha Ÿ Solar sha is a diagonal cut through the office

units. The units connected with the solar sha have automa c light sensors to control ligh ng and reduce energy usage. Ÿ Plants was added on the south west

posi oned solar sha as solar screens to reduce heat gain into the units. Ÿ With this feature this building had scored

points from the green mark marking scheme under part 1– energy efficiency of NRB 1-10 Energy Efficient Prac ces & Features Ÿ The design also works as a stack well that

ven lates adjacent interior spaces where it displaces large volumes of air which sa sfied the MS 1525 regula on.

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The Skyscraper and Other Large Buildings


Sun analysis on the effec veness of the extensive sun-shading louvers 23 September Ÿ From the diagram on the le , the shadow pa ern shows that FLOOR SLAB

the building's interior is well shaded by the louvers at 9a.m.

FLOOR SLAB

9am (East eleva on)

Ÿ At 12p.m. the louvers was not effec ve due to direct sunlight FLOOR SLAB

on top of the building. Therefore it is only shaded along the parameter of the louvers.

FLOOR SLAB

12 pm (overall)

Ÿ From the diagram on the le , the shadow pa ern shows that FLOOR SLAB

the building's interior is slightly shaded by the louvers at 3p.m.

FLOOR SLAB

3pm (West eleva on)

Ÿ Maximum the use of natural light without

Ÿ This passive feature of extending solar

the problems of glare or excessive solar heat gain. different sun angles as they subtend into the building through windows in the exterior space of the building.

shading louvers had screened of excessive sun light thus decreased the amount of heat transfer through the low-e double glazed curtain walls. As a result, contributes to a lower overall External Thermal Transfer Value (ETTV) of 40 W/m2 or less.

Ÿ It improved the thermal and visual comfort of

Ÿ Ver cal distances between the louvers are

Ÿ The sun-shading louvers are design for

the user in the building. Ÿ Curtain wall was installed with sensor-

operated ligh ng system. These sensors are able to reduce energy usage for ar ficial ligh ngs and when there is a minimum detec on of 500lux external luminance, ar ficial lights off automa cally. Literature case study

further at strategic loca ons to reveal high volume entrances and sky terrace ac vity areas. Ÿ The passive design of these sun-shading

louvers complies with the MS 1525 requirement.

Eco Architecture: the work of Ken Yeang (1. publ. ed.).


Literature Case study 2

S H A N G H A I WO R L D TRADE CENTER, CHINA Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates Selec on criteria structural element study of One of the world’s tallest skyscrapers, the Shanghai World Financial Center offers a mix of office, hospitality, mee ng and conference space to mul ple tenants. Johnson Controls provided its innova ve Technology Contrac ng™ solu on that supports all of the property’s business and building system needs while mee ng its high standards for security and system redundancy.

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Content Ÿ Project informa on Ÿ Floor plans Ÿ Sec on

Ÿ Structural Efficiency Ÿ Services Ÿ Special features


Project informa on Project Name

: Shanghai World Financial Center

Construc on year

: 2008

Use

:Mix use

Number of floors

: 3 underground and 101 above ground Building

height

:492m

Structure Steel

:frame and reinforced-concrete composite, Steel frame

Use

:Office, Shop, Hotel, Conference, Observatory

Site area

:30,000 sq.m.

Building site area

:14,400 sq.m.

Total floor area

:381,600 sq.m.

Total rentable area

:137,600.00 sq.m.

Parking spaces

:1,100 vehicles (self-drive and li system)

Elevators

:44 for office use (including 32 double deck)

Project Owner

:Shanghai World Financial Center Co., Ltd.

Project architect & engineer

: Mori Building Co., Ltd.

Design architect

:Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates P.C. (KPF)

Constructor

:China State Construc on Engineering Corpora on Shanghai Construc on Group

Literature case study


shanghai world financal center

Floor Plans

Site plan Ÿ It is on an outstanding site of 30,000m² adjacent

to the Jin Mao Tower, one of the tallest buildings in the world, facing the 100m-wide Century. Ÿ The building program included four func ons:

retail at the lower levels, office above for a majority of the building's area and a five star hotel above the office space. Ÿ In addi on, the building was to be "crowned"

with a drama c exhibi on and museum space which would be accessible to visitors and building occupants. Ÿ The tower is divided into five primary zones-

entrance lobby, museum, office, hotel, and observa on func ons. Ÿ Refuge floors are located approximately every

12 floors and contain mechanical rooms and primary elements of the structural mega-frame (outrigger and belt trusses).

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Typical Floor Plan Ÿ The Shanghai World Financial

Center is a business, culture and entertainment hub for Shanghai, w i t h t h e Wo r l d ' s h i g h e s t observatory, a five-star hotel, commercial space and excellent conference facili es. Ÿ The structure features 3 floors

of underground parking,shops and a conference center on floors 1 through 5,offices on floors 7 through 77, a hotel located on floors 79 through 93 and finally observa on and exhibi on areas on floors 94 through 100. The facade of the building, its structure and its mechanical systems are seamlessly integrated and arranged in modules that are repeated a er every 13 floors.

Literature case study


shanghai world financal center Sec on Ÿ In the podium, the first floor is primarily

dedicated to car circula on, bus and taxi queue, Ÿ The second and third floors feature a retail

environment containing mostly bou ques and restaurants. Ÿ The first basement level features a sunken

garden and food court accessed from Street level. The second basement floor contains a mul -purpose hall and foyer as well as addi onal retail. Ÿ The remaining facili es in the basement

levels include mechanical support spaces, automated parking, building maintenance office, and truck docks. Ÿ Its most dis nc ve feature is the roughly 50-

metre wide portal created in the topmost floors, which helps reduce the stresses of wind pressure ac ng on the building at its summit

Ÿ The most dis nc ve feature in the design of

the building is a trapezoid aperture at the peak. The original design specified a circular aperture, 46 m (151 ) in diameter, to reduce the stresses of wind pressure,as well as serve as a subtext for the design, since "Chinese mythology

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STRUCTURAL EFFICIENCY The Shanghai World Financial Tower is a very tall tower from which the floor plans that are at the lower levels have a size from 58 meters by 58 meters. That it is a difficult business to transfer the lateral forces down to the founda on. equipment housed in the building, act on the SWFC's structure.

Tubestructure Ÿ A tubestructure is in fact a spa al truss which

stands up ver cally. It is located at the facade of the building.

Ÿ These compressive and bending forces are

carried down to the ground by the diagonal-braced frame (with added outrigger trusses).

Ÿ The ver cal columns of the tubestructure

are located at the corners of the building and consist of steel columns which are a erwards being encased in reinforced concrete.

Ÿ In addi on to these components, a diagonal

bracing filled with concrete, decreases the amount of steel required.

Ÿ Steel reinforced concrete structure (SRC) and

Ÿ Overall, the tower uses significantly less

steel-framed structure. IT Is enveloped in a laminated glass curtain wall that gives it a silvery appearance from the outside but inside it is highly transparent.

material than other comparable skyscrapers, such as the adjacent Jin Mao Tower.

Ÿ The tower's trapezoid aperture is made up of

structural steel and reinforced concrete Ÿ

Ÿ

About every 30 floors, there is a belt truss that connects each of the mega columns around the structure

A large number of forces, such as wind loads, the people in the building and heavy

Literature case study

h p://www.support.tue.nl/archief/studiereizen/studiereis2007


shanghai world financal center Mega braces The last elements of the tubestructure are the mega braces. These are connected with the mega columns and the belt trusses. They transfer loads that are carried with the mega columns, belt trusses and other elements of the building to the en re building. These loads will be divided.

Core Wall Ÿ Core wall has a size about 30 meters by 30

Ÿ typhoons compared to a single lateral force

meters and it reaches to the 79th floor of the building.

system, which resists forces only with perimeter columns and beams.

Ÿ The core wall will be constructed with steel

Ÿ The tubestructure is connected to the core

encased reinforced concrete. The tubestructure is connected with the core wall. Ÿ There are two ways of ensuring the stability

of the building. This system is called the dual lateral force system and it is ideal for tall buildings and is designed to be much safer and more robust during earthquakes and

ECO TOWER

wall with the outrigger trusses. Ÿ Each outrigger truss is as high as three

stories. At the first two levels where these outrigger trusses are applied, there are also the sky lobbies located. These levels are at the 28th, 29th floor and at the 52nd, 53rd floor of the building.


Ÿ The reason why the core wall only reaches ll

the 79th level is because the hotel starts here. Ÿ The hotel needs another floor plan than the

other func ons that are located in the building. And it couldn’t use a core wall in its floor plan. Ÿ For this sec on of the building only the

tubestructure takes care of the stability.The sec on above the hotel is the observatory. Ÿ The construc on of the last three floors of

the hotel, the penthouses, and the observatory is completely made out of steel. Ÿ These are in total 11 floors. The steel

framework is only connected to the stable structure. The use of steel also works weight reducing and because of the fact that there are only a few more levels, there isn’t much pressure to resist by the construc on. Ÿ The choice to make it out of steel is a logical

one. It is also easy to create the characteris c aperture in steel. If in another way constructed it would be a very difficult task.

FOUNDATION Ÿ The founda on consis ng of 2,200 piles at

depths of 250 feet had already been laid in place. Ÿ In order to decrease the weight of the

structure, LERA decreased the thickness of the concrete shear walls of the service core. Ÿ The Shanghai WFC was built on the silty

deposited soil from the Yangtze River, which makes for poor engineering soil. The remedy for this was to deliver over 2,200 steel pipe pilings almost 80 meters below the soil, which supported a la ce shaped base to allow for some movement during an earthquake. Since this is a supertall building, the structural system was the main component to realizing KPF's design. Literature case study

2m


shanghai world financal center

ROBUSTNESS AND REDUNDANCE

COLUMN

Ÿ In keeping with the underlying philosophy of

Ÿ The columns of the mega-structure are of

all of LERA's designs, and as demonstrated by the robustness of the World Trade Center, New York, the structural system is designed to accept the simultaneous loss of a mul tude of structural elements .

mixed structural steel and reinforced concrete.

Ÿ For example, at any level, the small perimeter

columns are able to be accidentally removed without the dispropor onate collapse of the surrounding construc on. Ÿ Further, members of a perimeter belt truss

can be removed without dispropor onate collapse. Similarly, accidental removal can be accepted for the steel work within the services core. Ÿ Building Sway Reduced Through Vibra on

ControlTo improve residen al comfort by preven ng sway in strong wind, two mass dampers, each consis ng of a 150-ton counterweight, are installed on the 90th floor to reduce building sway

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Ÿ At the connec on of the mega-diagonals to

the columns, the steel columns must be of a size capable of fully transferring the ver cal component of the load in the diagonals to the composite columns. Ÿ Above and below this connec on, the size of

the steel column is reduced. Away from the area where the steel columns transfer loads to the surrounding concrete, the steel columns need only be strong enough to carry the construc on load of the steelwork above and to meet specific requirements the building codes that govern and guide tall building design in China. Ÿ In the lower reaches of the building the

composite columns are of impressive size. Reinforcing steel must necessarily be 50 mm (2 inches) in diameter, the largest size available, and bundled into sets of four bars each.


FACTS Ÿ Glass and metal were covered on simple

geometric bodies to create mysterious sight effects. Ÿ The height of this building has changed from

its original plan - 94 stories at 460m to the current plan- 101 stories at 492m. Ÿ The observa on bridge will be the highest

outdoor observa on deck in the world. Ÿ The trapezoidal hole atop the Tower was

originally a sphere, designs where changed a er the Chinese Government made claims in 2005 that the Japanese Funded Building's circular hole was too similar to the rising sun on Japan's Flag Ÿ In these areas, the HVAC equipment has

been placed so that the design minimizes the inters al spaces in the building. The HVAC louvers can be seen from the exterior of the structure as two parallel lines that circle the building at nine different floors.

Ÿ The rela onship between earth and sky

ini ates a discourse in materials which reinforce the theme of contras ng, yet harmonious, elements Ÿ The tower base, clad in rough finish granite to

a height of 24 meters, provides a sense of stability and anchors the tower to the ground Ÿ In contrast, the main body of the tower is clad

in a glass curtain wall to reflect the sky and achieve the impression of lightness. Ÿ KPF used insulated glass units with silver

Literature case study

high-performance coa ng to meet the highest aesthe c, ergonomic, and environmental standards. Horizontal metal fins complete the curtain wall, adding depth, rhythm, and a sense of scale Reinforced concrete and steel structure Laminated glass, using intermediate layers of DuPont


shanghai world financal center

SERVICES

H.V.A.C. Ÿ The Shanghai WFC has tremendous hea ng

and cooling loads making the engineering of the HVAC systems very complex. Ÿ The building is completely clad in glass, with

very li le structural member to absorb that energy at the envelope. Ÿ Also since most of the southward facing

windows are angled back, they receive both horizontal and ver cal sun rays, making the hea ng more intense. Ÿ Since the building face leans back, the solar

radia on is very strong near the top. This building has no defined roof, but the angled glass is the biggest factor in cooling the building.

center on the ground level. Ÿ Regula ons require that due considera on

must be given in buildings to: Ÿ The flammabity of building material. Ÿ The dura on of fire resistance of

components Ÿ The integrity of the sealing of openings. Ÿ The arrangements of escape routes. Ÿ The aim is to prevent the start and spread of

fire. VERTICAL CIRCULATION Ÿ The FORTY four double deck elevators each

comprise two cabs, with a capacity of 2,000 kilos and serve a sky lobby at a height of 240 m with a speed 10m/sec (36km/h) Ÿ Electronically controlled ac ve roller guides

ensure low vibra on travel. Ÿ Further in parking shops, restaurant areas,

office, forums, VIP rooms as well as 800 sq mt event hall Ÿ In such a tall building a lot of people have to

go up to one of the many stories. The FORTY four double deck elevators each comprise two cabs. Ÿ If tradi onal elevators would have been

used, the already small amount of free floor space would have been even smaller. The floor plan would mostly consist of a large amount of elevators. FIRE SAFETY Ÿ The core is a separate fire compartment

with fire rated doors separa ng the core from the office space, to prevent smoke or fire from entering the core and travelling ver cally up and down the elevator sha s. Ÿ All entry to the office elevators are through

secure turn styles. All security and fire systems are routed to a central fire command ECO TOWER

Ÿ This problem is being solved by stacking two

elevator cars. By doing this, it is possible to transport twice as many people in one ride with the minimal use of floor space. By stacking two elevator cars the traveling me is reduced to a minimum during rush hours, when the amount of people that need to be transported is at its peak. Stacking two elevators cars is a system successfully deploye


SPECIAL FEATURES Ÿ Sky Walk is the highest publicly accessible

built space in the world. Perched 1,555 feet (474 meters) on the tower's 100th floor, the sky-high walkway is poised to become one of the most spectacular des na ons in the world, offering an unparalleled window into modern Shanghai. Ÿ The Sky Walk is the drama c culmina on of

the SWFC's seven-level public Observatory, which occupies the building's 94th through 100th floors. Stretching 180 feet (55 meters) across the monumentally scaled portal at the top of the tower, the walkway is designed with canted glass walls and a glass floor to offer unprecedented views of the Shanghai skyline, downtown streets, and the Huangpu River. Ÿ A second Sky Walk, on the 97th floor, is

equally breathtaking, featuring a roof that opens to the sky when weather permits. A Sky Arena on the 94th floor houses exhibi on and event space totaling more than 700 square meters to serve as a space for entertainment events, informa on sessions, and other publicity-related gatherings.

Literature case study


Live case study 1

ECO TOWER


Content

SPIRE EDGE

Ÿ Project informa on Ÿ Loca on Ÿ Complex

Components

T.R. N

&K

Ÿ Floor plans Ÿ Sec on Ÿ Design Elements Ÿ Analysis

Y

Selection Criteria Ÿ This building is first eco tower in India by eco

specialist Dr. Ken Yeang. My topic is eco tower and this building will help me to gain knowledge of eco infrastructure to greater extend. Ÿ All philosophy of architect help me to design eco tower Ÿ To b r i n g k n o w l e d g e o f b i o c l i m a t i c architecture, vertical landscape, eco infrastructure and water harvesting

Live case study

h ps://www.regenera ve.com/eco-architecture


spire edge

Project informa on Ÿ Project

: Spire Edge

Ÿ Loca on

: Manesar, India

Ÿ Client

: A.N Buildwell PVT. LTD

Ÿ Nos. of storeys

: 20 storeys + Roof Garden

Ÿ Site Areas

: 4,765 sq.m

Ÿ Proposed

: Commercial and Offices

Development Ÿ Total GFA

: 22,559 sq.m

Ÿ Plot Ra o

: 1:4.7

Ÿ Principal-in-Charge : Ken Yeang Ÿ Structural Engineers : NNCConsultants Ÿ Energy Efficiency

:Environmental Design Solu on

Ÿ Mul ple-award winning SpireEdge is a LEED

Pla num and LEED Gold rated Mainstream Green office complex designed to provide economically sound, socially vibrant and an ecologically restora ve work environment for IT/ITes businesses looking for growth, expansion or consolida on.

Ÿ The key design feature of this iconic tower is

its green infrastructure Ÿ Con nuous ramp that carries vegeta on

from the base and surrounding landscape to the upper levels. Ÿ The design also includes provision for sky

courts and rainwater gravity filtra on and collec on. Ÿ The green eco infrastructure is placed within

both the main and rear facades of the building, which links seamlessly into the surrounding campus landscape. Ÿ The vegetated surface within the rear

fac;:ade is aligned to a pedestrian ramp and walkway similar to that in the Solaris building, but here the ramp folds to provide spaces for special mee ng rooms.

spire edge signature tower

ECO TOWER


Loca on 28.3 N

76.9 E

Located in the fully integrated Industrial Model Township developed by HSIIDC with all modern infrastructure and access to public transporta on . Reduced site disturbance , with almost 75%open space within the campus.

S e a m l e s s c o n n e c v i t y to C B D D e l h i , Interna onal airport and CBD Gurgaon Manesar Rated by Cushman and WakeďŹ eld as amongst the 6 key, high growth areas in the en re country [*Ref C&W report on Peripheral loca ons high on investment opportuni es dt 3 Oct, 07], Manesar is a well-planned, state-of-the-art township, which is connected seamlessly with all parts of the NCR. Live case study

N


spire edge COMPONENTS OF THE COMPLEX MULTI TENANT BLOCK (EDGE 1 & 2) Ÿ

G+12 storey twin towers with mul ple sizes of offices

Ÿ

Area- 7.5 lac sq .

Ÿ

Facili es-Daylit atrium, Scalable offices, Cafe, Mee ng pods

BUSINESS SUITES & CLUB Ÿ

G+8 storey serviced apartment Block Area- 1.4 lac sq.

Ÿ

Facili es- Execu ve suites, Business center,

Ÿ

Restaurant, Dining, Club, Health spa, Swimming pool, Bar

ANCHOR BLOCK Ÿ

G+8 storey office block for anchor tenant

Ÿ

Area- 1.8 lac sq .

Ÿ

Facili es - Offices, Cafe, Mee ng pods, Atrium, Lo

SHOPPING MALL

SIGNATURE TOWER

G+2 storey block for convenience and retail shopping

Ÿ

300 It high, iconic tower for I.T. offices

Area- 0.7 lac sq .

Ÿ

Area- 3 lac sq.

Fa c i l i e s - A n c h o r sto re , Reta i l shopping, Food court

Ÿ

Facili es- Offices, Auditorium, Cafe, Exhibi on hall, Mee ng pods, Skycourts

Signature Tower

Iconic 300 high Signature Tower

Situated in the Northeast sec on of the complex, the Signature Tower is a radical project, designed by Architect Ken Yeang. This iconic 'Deep Gre11n' building is the country's first bioclima c skyscraper and is capable of adap ng to different degrees of change in the environment outside to keep the interior at its op mum comfort level. Status : Incomplete

• Clima cally appropriate, Innova ve building • Visible from far as a gateway to Manesar • Situated on the KMP Corridor • State-of-the-art glazing system and louvers Ver cally rising landscape • Integra ng greens to the workspace •Creates a con nuous Green Thread • Roo op terrace gardens

ECO TOWER


Floor Plans Site plan Site area

Built Up On Site - 25 %

Green areas

:20 %

Main Circulatory Roads

:20 %

Intermediate Spaces

:35 %

The site consists of : • The Signature Tower

:G+ 19

• Anchor Block

:G+8

• Mul tenant Block

parking :G+12 ToToparking/

• Retail,Business Suites and Club

:G+8

Arrival Arrival

exit /basement

basement basement entry exit entry /exit Drop off zone

DROP OFF ZONES

There are three entry and exit points to the site. A en on has been paid on op mizing the circula on and traffic system innova vely . With approximately 18,000 people working in the complex daily, specific zones like dedicated drop-offs, separately planned lanes and bus stops for chartered buses and cabs have been designed. Pedestrian & handicap friendly

walkways and entrances. Dedicated Taxi dropoff areas provided ensure high safety for the commuters without disturbing the movement of other vehicles. A seamless pedestrian environment and interac ve pedestrian plaza with water bodies , sit outs, shaded areas etc. are created for a deligh ul experience

Surface Parking

Winter Winds

Summer Winds Road

Road GREEN AREA GREEN AREA

GREEN AREA

GREEN AREA

N Live case study

Monsoon Winds


spire edge

Floor Plans Basement 1 Plan

Ÿ There are three entry and exit ramps to the

basement. Ÿ A en on has been paid on op mizing the

circula on and traffic system innova vely . Ÿ Vehicular drop-offs at the basement levels at

the circula on cores Ÿ

Easily navigable basements and ramp loops

Ÿ Large cut outs in basement slabs to allow in

light and ven la on. Ÿ Scalable car parking with a provision for

another 1,000cars in the future

Basement 1 cars two wheeler Green ramp

ECO TOWER

circula on

fire exit

:482 :294 ven la on sha


Basement 2 Plan

Cars 407

Two wheelers 308

Equaliza ons tank 300 klts Treated effluent 450 klts

WTP

Treated effluent 450 klts

Aera on tank 440 klts

Aera on tank 440 klts

Basement 2 cars two wheeler Green ramp

Basement 3

circula on Cars :466

fire exit

Equaliza ons tank 300 klts

:407 :308

ven la on sha

water treatment plant

Two wheeler :311

service area for STP/ETP

Live case study


spire edge floor to floor height

Ground floor plan

4.8m

65.6 m

2 3

1

2

AUDITORIUM

DROP OFF

GALLERY double height

46.5 m

Lobby

N

Lounge

TOILETS

1 Entry to lobby

1

2 Entry to Gallery 3 Ramp to first floor

green ramp

1

Fire exit

Green ramp

Li s

Lobby

Toilets

Circula on ramp

2 Ÿ Ground floor area :1805 m²

North Side Green Ramp

Ÿ Plinth : +950mm Ÿ Building edge vehicular drop off with grand

entrance. Entrance lobby is double in height Ÿ Efficiently organized core ( 8 lifts)

AHU

AHU

Ÿ International aesthetics with glare free-daylit

South side Green ramp

interiors. Use of high performance glass and shading devices. Ÿ Auditorium 200 seated Ÿ North side pedestrian ramp start from

boomerang type of shape of building ECO TOWER

ground floor going to first floor of the building ramp width 3m


Floor to Floor height :3.2m Ÿ On this floor there is a proposal of garden approached by ramp or first floor lobby

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

2

Ÿ Green ramp as it Con nue with Circula on

ramp AHU

up Curtain wall

AUDITORIUM

Garden GALLERY below

void

TOILETS

1

AHU AHU

Toilets Green ramp Lobby Fire exit

void

south side Green ramp

Li s

void

1

Auditorium

Second FLOOR PLAN Ÿ Double height and auditorium’s slab

2

became terrace garden on this floor Ÿ Proposed restaurants on this floor

CAFE

CAFE

AHU

Li s

AHU

Lobby Fire Exit Toilets Live case study

AUDI

Ramp


spire edge Floor to Floor height

TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN

Average floor area of each floor

:3.95m 1600 sq m

Green ramp 600 mm wide

TOILETS

AHU AHU

Green Ramp 650mm wide

Fire Exit offices

Toilets Li s

Green ramp

CORE, STAIRS, SERVICE ZONE

PLAN ARRANGEMENT

Ÿ Core and Circula on is located on South side

Ÿ The internal typical office spaces have large

behind the green ramp, in order to protect the internal use space from direct sunlight and heat.

span floor beams to eliminate any Inbetween columns.

Ÿ There are 2 fire stairs, 8 elevators, and

con nuous green ramps that can connect people to every floors of the building. Ÿ Toilet is provided on each floor.

Ÿ The floor configura on seeks to create a new

form internal life for its users, with occasional sky terraces linked to the eco infrastructure, a rear ramp at the south face that has Crea ve Mee ng Rooms. Ÿ All elevator lobbies and toilets have natural

ven la on.

ECO TOWER


3rd-ROOF TOP FLOOR PLAN

3rd floor plan

4th floor plan

5th-8th floor plan

9th floor plan

10th floor plan

11th-15 floor plan

16th floor plan

17th floor plan

18th floor plan

machine room floor plan

Roof top plan

Roof Garden plan Live case study


spire edge RAIN

SECTION

Roof-Top zone water collector li motor room

87.3

RAIN

Rainwater catchment scallop RAIN

Rainwater catchment scallop

OďŹƒces

12.3

double height

Pocket Park

The key design feature of this iconic tower is its green infrastructure -con nuous green ramp that carries vegeta on from the base and surrounding landscape to the upper levels. The design also includes provision for sky courts, and rainwater gravity ďŹ ltra on and collec on (important for a city with very hot summers and unpredictable monsoon rains in autumn). ECO TOWER

The greenery is brought up to the roof garden by series of ver cal landscaping system, i.e vegeta on green wall , green planter ramps with a pedestrian walkway and a series of sky terraces. The south facade has also a green ramp that bring pedestrian and vegeta on from the ground all the way up to a lush roof garden located at the iconic tower and connects to the north facade.


Design Strategies The Green design strategies of the building areas are as follows: Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

Con nuous Landscape Ramp Rainwater Harves ng/Recycling Roof Gardens Climate Responsive Facade Pocket Park Sun Shading strategy Ecocell

Con nuous Landscape Ramp

Rainwater Harves ng/Recycling Climate Responsive Facade

Sun Shading strategy Live case study

Roof Garden


spire edge

Con nuous Landscape Ramp

Water Efficeincy

Ÿ 50 m long north side ramp 600mm wide and

Spire Edge is designed to achieve 44.64% reduc on in use of portable water. This a c h i e v e m e n t i s h i g h e r t h a n t h e n ex t incremental threshold of 40% required by LEED

1.4 km long 650mm wide south side ramp connected the roof at ground level and the basement eco cell. Ÿ Maintenance of the spiral landscaped ramp

This has been achievement using: Ÿ Advance sensors and water efficiency

is achieved via a parallel pathway which allows for servicing of the con nuous planters without requiring access from internal tenanted spaces. The pathway also serves as a linear park.

Ÿ On-situ STP for 100% water recycling to meet

Ÿ The con nuity of the landscaping is a key

Ÿ Water reten on tank to capture rainwater

component of the project’s ecological design concept.

run-off and a roof with a white reflec ve coa ng. Under normal rainfall condi ons, all the water used for irriga on to come from the storm water reten on tank.

Ÿ The ramp, with its deep overhangs and

large concentra ons of shade plants, is also one element in a comprehensive strategy for the ambient cooling of the building facade.

faucets in the washrooms. all water demands for irriga on, flushing & cooling water through.

Ÿ Landscape planta on that requires lower

irriga on. Ÿ Irriga on system designed to prevent over-

watering of landscape beds or loss of moistures to evapora on in the air. Ÿ 23.5 lack litres rain water tank to provide for

100% water top-up requirements for the en re HVAC system.

ECO TOWER


designed according to the standards required for a comfortable thermal environment that supports the produc vity and wellbeing of the buildings occupants.

Ecocell Located at the sites northeast corner where the spiral ramp meets the ground, the Ecocell allows vegeta on, daylight and natural ven la on to extend into car park levels below. The lowest level of the Eco-cell contains the storage tank and pump room of the rainwater recycling system.

Pocket Park Double height between Ground floor and first floor provides a venue for social/interac ve events and incoming of nature in first floor and ground floor provide peace to mind.

Climate Responsive Facade Ÿ

Maximum the use of natural light without the problems of glare or excessive solar heat gain.

Ÿ The sun-shading louvers are design for

Healthier indoor environmental quality Today we spend more than 90% of our me indoor where the pollutant levels according to EPA is 2 to 5 mes more than outdoor levels, causing health reac ons and allergies resul ng in absenteeism at work. At Spire Edge, the mul ple steps taken ensure a be er Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and healthier living condi ons for the benefit of all buildings occupants. Ÿ Ven la on design in compliance with

ASHRAE 62.1-2004, the ven la on rate exceeds the ASHRAE's requirements by at least 30%. Ÿ Individual control of unit condi oning and

ligh ng also improves personal comfort. Ÿ A minimum daylight factor is achieved in at

least 98% of occupied building space. Ÿ High-grade filters installed at all outdoors

air-intakes to trap significant quali es of par cular irritants. Ÿ Use of adhesives, sealants, paints & carpets

with reduced Vola le Organic Compounds Ÿ HVAC systems and building envelope are

Live case study

different sun angles as they subtend into the building through windows in the exterior space of the building. Ÿ It improved the thermal and visual comfort of

the user in the building. Ÿ Ver cal distances between the louvers are

further at strategic loca ons to reveal high volume entrances and sky terrace ac vity areas.


spire edge

Ver cal Landscaping

Sun Shading Strategy

Ÿ The greenery is brought up to the roof garden

The two main ways architects control the effect of the Sun on a building is through the orienta on of the building and the overall building layout. Following this tenet, the various buildings within the Spire Edge complex are designed according to the Sun’s behavior at the par cular la tude.

by series of ver cal landscaping system, i.e vegeta on green wall , green planter ramps with a pedestrian walkway and a series of sky terraces. Ÿ The south facade has also a green ramp that

act as a thermal buffer protec ng the south facade from direct height gain and creates area for relaxa on and event spaces. Ÿ These extensive gardens allow for interac on

between the building’s occupants and nature, offering opportuni es to experience the external environment housed within the tower and to enjoy views of the it park.

The main objec ves set for using day light for the buildings within Spire Edge complex were: Ÿ To get significant quan

es of daylight as deep into the building as possible

Ÿ To maintain a uniform distribu on of

daylight from one area to another Ÿ To avoid visual discomfort and glare

architects studied the Sun path for the par cular la tude. The solar azimuth and al tude provided a summary of solar posi on that they could then refer to when considering shading requirements and design op ons.

Ÿ A series of sky courts at the north facade also

create an outdoor environment for the office users crea ve and social interac on.

ECO TOWER


ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES

Ÿ Local & appropriate plant species used in the

Ÿ Energy conserva on measures include high

Ÿ landscape design to have minimum impact

albedo paint, over-deck roof insula on, high performance glazing, efficient ligh ng design, air economisers, variable air volume systems, efficient water cooled centrifugal chillers and cooling tower fans with variable speed. Ÿ No CFC-based refrigerants used in HVAC

systems. Ÿ Necessary metering equipment to monitor

building energy use. Ÿ Provision for genera on of electricity

through renewable energy sources to meet par al requirements of the building in future. Ÿ Reduced 'Heat Island Effect’ with 94.7%

parking area under shade/basements, thus reducing the surface radia on.

Materials and resource efficiency Ÿ The inten on behind the Materials and

Resources management at Spire Edge is to reduce redundant development, thereby reducing the accompanying environmental impact associated with producing and delivering new materials. Ÿ Reuse of spaces and materials to reduce

waste and directly benefit the local economy 33.9% of the total project’s materials (by cost) manufactured within 800 kms of the project.

Sustainable Features Ÿ 100% power backup with a provision to shi

to natural gas as fuel when the supply is available. This will help reduce the genera on cost and shi ing to a much greener alternate. Ÿ Naturally lit basements for added safety &

be er ven la on Ÿ Iconic pedestrian ramp in the Signature

Tower Live case study

on the local flora & fauna.


Case study 2

UNITECH SIGNATURE TOWER, GURGAON

Content Ÿ Introduc on

C.P Kukreja Office building SELECTION CRITERIA With an iden ty that's unique, Signature Towers has become one of the best-designed office complexes in India. From the elegant foyer to the modern ameni es, a neat design language allover. It's here where success stories are w r i e n a n d re - w r i e n . M a ny l e a d i n g mul na onal and Indian companies, as well as Unitech, have chosen to operate their businesses from Signature Towers, with its perfect loca on just a few hundred meters off the Na onal Highway 8 in Gurgaon

ECO TOWER

h p://www.gurgaonpropertydealer.com/unitechsignaturetowergurgaon


Introduc on to project Site Area

: 20,235 sqm

Gross Floor Area

: 30,355.55 sq. m.

Net OďŹƒce/ Commercial Area

: 23,504.93 sq.m.

No. of Storeys

: 15

No of Car parks

: 610

Storey Heights Floor to Floor 1st Storey

: 4.2 m

Upper Storeys

: 3.9 m

Floor to Ceiling 1st Storey

: 3m

Upper Storeys

:2.6 m

Building has two basements and separate u lity area in basement Loca on South City I-Gurgaon Saini khera village, sector 30

De

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-ja

ipu

rE

xp

re s

sw ay

28.4

Unitech signature tower is located in sector 30 ,Gurgaon, Haryana near Rao Tula ram Chowk (huda city center metro sta on) in Saini khera village. On north side of the building the building of Hindustan Unilever Petrolium. The building is linked to main high-way (delhi -jaipur) by a local Raod.

Live case study

Winter Winds

Summer Winds

N

Monsoon Winds

Eco Architecture: the work of Ken Yeang (1. publ. ed.).


Unitech Signature tower

FLOOR PLANS

Site plan U lity Area (-2B)

FAR

:1.5

Site Area

: 20,235 sqm

Ground floor area

:3579.8 sqm

Ground coverage

:17%

Ÿ Service road and main access road of the

building is divided, service entry is from back side and main entry is from north side.

PARKING

Ÿ Separate service ramp provided for double

height u lity area Ÿ Public interac on space is on north east side of

the building Loading/Unloading tower B

Loading/Unloading tower A

n

service road

Building

social interac on space

1

Cut out

S

PARKING

A

Fire exit

D /T P

Green area Building Foot Prints social interac on space ECO TOWER

1


Ground floor plan

Floor to Floor height = 4.2 m

Li Lobby Tower A

Li Lobby Tower B

Double height verandah E 22 m

41 m

O

S

14 m

Tower A

Ÿ A rac ve drop-off Ÿ Grand double height

Tower B

area with pillars and entrance b e a m r u n i n g o n Ÿ 2m wide double height them verandah on three side of building Ÿ Well defined zoning for

Tower A and Tower B Ÿ Separate entrance for

Restaurant and Bank Ÿ Plinth 750mm no access

for handicapped people

Live case study

h p://www.gurgaonpropertydealer.com/unitechsignaturetowergurgaon


Unitech Signature tower First floor plan

Floor to Floor height = 4.2 m

Ÿ Double height atrium divide the building into

Ÿ Health club on this floor entry through the

restaurant

two zones

1 Showroom

Health Center

Li Lobby Tower A

BANK Li Lobby Tower B

Double Height

Staircase

Li

Toilets

1

Double Height Verandah Ÿ the building is divided into

2nd floor plan Ÿ This floor has a terrace garden between two

two half on this floor

tower. Ÿ skylight for main concourse

2

3 3

2 TERRACE

office spaces

Staircase

Li

Toilets

ECO TOWER

Toilets


3th-5th floor plan

floor to floor height:3.9m

Ÿ Two separate towers completely tower A and

6th-8th floor plan

floor to floor height:3.9m

Ÿ Balconies are projected

tower B

AHU ELEC.

AHU ELEC.

Balcony 9th floor plan

floor to floor height:3.9m

10th-11th floor plan floor to floor height:3.9m

Ÿ External Facade: Reflec ve glass curtain wall

Ÿ The 10th - 13th floor at the 11th level the

and fluorocarbon coated aluminum panel cladding system. Ar culated granite cladding at 1st and 2nd Storey columns and fascia 1st Storey Concourse stone

first refuge terrace is made. This terrace is very efficient in planning and execu on Ÿ

Area – 2001 m each

AHU ELEC.

AHU ELEC.

13th floor plan

floor to floor height:3.9m

Ÿ At the this floor the two blocks combine again

together and form a single block this feature when seen from outside seems like a bridge (50 span) . Ÿ There is also a terrance for refuge area.

AHU

14th floor plan

floor to floor height:3.9m

Ÿ Even on these floor levels, the two blocks are

combined but there are no terraces on these levels

ELEC. ELEC.

AHU

ELEC.

ELEC.

AHU

Live case study

AHU


Unitech Signature tower

Floor to Floor height :3m

BASEMENT 1 Area

:9732 sq m approx B1 Electrical substa on

12 m wide ramp for entry and exit with slop 1:10

2

2

1

loading/ unloading

Ramp down to u lity area

Ramp from B1

1

Ramp down to B1

cut out as blower 3

Building footprints Staircase

Cut out Electrical substa on

Li s

Ramp

The plinth of the building is 750mm heigh by this architect p r o v i d e openings along the double height veranda 3 ECO TOWER

water treatment plant


PLANNING

Ÿ Any complex is completely enhanced if the

land is properly landscaped and the site has been planned such that these pockets are le for the people to sit, enjoy and experience the whole space. The site concerned is also quite well landscape as viewed from the refuge areas and the roof of the building and is a treat a er a hec c schedule of work .

The Cores The building varies in plan and eleva on at all the levels. Therefore the crea on of the standards ver cal sec on was not a prac cal idea . Although the main cores in the building are constant . The core in block A and block B both consist of 4 li s each having capacity of 12 people. Each block also has two staircase one for regular use and the other for services. The placement of the AHUs varies at various llevels The Grid Both the blocks owing to their different plans have different grid systems. The grid system of Block A is a right angled grid of standard size 8m x 8m. Tower bowing to its circular plan is built on a radial grid with varying distance . The center of this circular grid coincides with li core The ver cal circula on li Each Tower Block is served by 3 high speed li and a service li . All li open at office floors li – 3 passenger and 1 service li serve the basement capacity

Ÿ secondly the land value always keeps pace

with a .

Building finishes External Facade Ÿ

Reflec ve glass curtain wall and fluorocarbon coated aluminum panel cladding system. Ar culated granite cladding at 1st and 2nd Storey columns and fascia 1st Storey Concourse stone

Ÿ Flooring : - Quality polished marble/granite

Saleable/Tenanted Area /Quality polished marble/ granite at li lobbies. Ÿ Cement/ sand screed ready for

tenant’s/occupant’s floor system to office and tenanted areas.

There are three high speed li and a service li , out of these, two serve the basement also.

Ÿ Walls

The Terrace Garden and refuge area

Ÿ 1st Storey Concourse (Quality polished

The terrace garden on the roof of the second floor is a rather interes ng feature in the building not only giving a nega ve space in the built form but also giving space for the employees for recrea on every now then in the working hours. The refuge areas are not only used regularly as verandas but also as becking points in the hard The Parking

granite marble cladding to walls and columns) Ÿ Toughened/ tempered glass screen, glass

door to the exterior Saleable/ Tenanted Area Ÿ Li

Lobbies: Quality polished granite/ marble cladding

Ÿ Offices: Cement/ sand plastered wall with

emulsion paint finish Ÿ Ceilings : 1st Storey Concourse & li

The entrance to the parking is on the basis of a card control system . Parking has been provided both on the surface and the basements. Total parking – 610 cars.

Ÿ Specially designed calcium framing,

Landscaping on the site :

Ÿ Mineral fibre board ceiling

Live case study

Lobbies monolithic finish with emulsion paint. Saleable/ Tenanted Space


Unitech Signature tower

South side

Building eleva on The building has a very bold form as in rela on with the fact that it is an office building. The over of effect is a strong sense of character in the half cylinder and the cuboid with blocking

East side

Tower A

West side Tower B

Ÿ Plinth :750mm North side

Ÿ Height of building :58m Ÿ Step form of tower A providing terraces on

the different levels Ÿ Tower B circular curve form facing west side

which is not a good point in summer during evening it is not comfortable Ÿ Building eleva on is divided into two parts

C C

}

part A ground and first floor part B 2nd to 14th floor

}

Glass Cladding

B

58m

}

A

Quality polished granite marble cladding to walls and columns

Glazing along the double height verandah

A ECO TOWER

B

West side facade


Architectural Character The Sandstone Clad Gate : The sandstones gate is the main feature between the entrances circula on road and the Surface parking in front of the site

Landscaping on the site : Any complex is completely enhanced if the land is properly landscaped and the site has been planned such that these pockets are le for the people to sit, enjoy and experience the whole space. The site concerned is also quite well landscape as viewed from therefuge areas and the roof of the building and is a treat a er a hec c schedule of work . secondly the land value always keeps pace with a well landscaped site reason being every one wants a good view and this building has definitely provided one INFERENCES Ÿ The a empt on the building on the built form of the building has been on massing rather on the

dynamism that a sleek building could offer Ÿ The impact and the impression of the building is generated at the level of the passerby Not from

NHB fom where the maxiumum people pass and this is a drawback. Ÿ This building is purely the aesthe cal evalua on on the built mass and there is li le Relevancy to the

func onality of the building Ÿ The disadvantage of such a structure is that the service cores have to be repeated for the Two tower

as they rise separately. Ÿ One posi ve aspect of the building is that there are proper alloca on of areas of refuge which would

be beneficial in the case of the fire outbreaks. Ÿ There is a Terrence garden which adds to the posi vism of the aura of the building . Ÿ

There is an ample provision of parking in the site on the ground and the basements.

Ÿ The mul use ability of the spaces is a very posi ve aspect of the building reason being Ÿ That the employees can avail a lot of facili es

Live case study


Compara ve analysis of case studies Solaris, Singapore

SWFC, china

Architecture:

Architecture:

Ÿ

Bioclima c Architecture

Ÿ

Modern Architecture

Design:

Design:

Ÿ Loca on: Singapore

Ÿ Loca on: Shanghai , China

Ÿ Clima c zone Tropical and vegeta on zone

Ÿ Clima c zone warm humid and vegeta on

rainforests Ÿ Good and strong concept

zone rainforests Ÿ 101 storey high rise structure constructed

withe special care of lateral forces

Ÿ Wrapped by spiral green terraces from top to

ground plane and twis ng 1.5 kilometer upwards to the roof top. Tectonic rela onship Ÿ Office building with retails on ground floor

divided into two floors with Grand atrium Ÿ Roof gardens ans green ramp around the

building about 1.4 mile long.

Ÿ

Mix use building

Tectonic rela onship Ÿ The building program included four

func ons: retail at the lower levels, office above for a majority of the building's area and a five star hotel above the office space. In addi on, the building was to be "crowned" with a drama c exhibi on and museum space which would be accessible to visitors and building occupants.

Geometry

Geometry

Ÿ Step like form forming Sky gardens on

Ÿ The Shanghai World Financial Tower is a very

terraces. Form of the building is trapezoidal according to site with round corners.

tall tower from which the floor plans that are at the lower levels have a size from 58 meters by 58 meters. Ÿ The most dis nc ve feature in the design of

the building is a trapezoid aperture at the peak. Urban Design Se ng

Urban Design Se ng

Ÿ The site have Access on all its four sides.

Ÿ The site have Access on all its four sides.

Ÿ Located in the Fusionopolis hub in central

Ÿ Located in the Fusionopolis hub in central

Singapore's one north business park, an area dedicated to research and development in technology

Singapore's one north business park, an area dedicated to research and development in technology

ECO TOWER


Spire Edge, India

UNITECH , Signature tower

Architecture:

Architecture:

Ÿ

Bioclima c Architecture

Ÿ

Bioclima c Architecture

Design:

Design:

Ÿ Loca on: Maneser , Gurgaon

Ÿ Loca on: sector 30 , Gurgaon

Ÿ Clima c zone composite and vegeta on

Ÿ Clima c zone composite and vegeta on

zone rainforests Ÿ Good and strong concept

zone rainforests Ÿ Iconic Tower in the heart of the capital city.

building is planned to segregate vehicular

Ÿ A Bioclima c architecture forming an iconic

land mark in the it center

Ÿ vehicular and pedestrian traffic, as well as

b u s i n e s s a n d u s u a l t ra ffi c t h ro u g h landscaping and traffic planning

Ÿ Approach from a road connec ng Delhi-

Jaipur express highway Tectonic rela onship Ÿ Since it is a business center, most of the

Tectonic rela onship Ÿ The building program include:- public area,

offices, showrooms, restaurant, conference and mee ng rooms.

spaces designed are for offices and conferences Ÿ The only change we see as we go up is the

play of green ramp and refuge areas provided alternately in the building. Geometry Ÿ boomerang type of shape of building form

with the striking green facade dis nguish it from the rest of the towers.

Geometry Ÿ

The building has a very bold form as in rela on with the fact that it is an office building. The over of effect is a strong sense of character in the half cylinder and the cuboid with blocking

Ÿ

Two tower connected at 13th floor

Ÿ Provision of green ramp and the louvers in

the facade makes the eleva on appealing and cuts the heat penetra ng into the building. Ÿ Building is a nice example of a bioclima c

design Urban Design Se ng Ÿ Situated near the NH8 highway.

Urban Design Se ng

Ÿ The access to the building is from the ter ary

Ÿ Located in heard of the capital.

road. Ÿ The tower is oriented such that its Striking Ÿ Eleva on and design is visible from the

highway Live case study

Ÿ Unitech signature tower is located in sector

30 ,Gurgaon, Haryana near Rao Tula ram Chowk (huda city center metro sta on) in Saini khera village.

Eco Tower  
Eco Tower  
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