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Training Imbalance The ICATEE organization is recommending a three-tiered approach to UPRT because there are advantages to each of the three mediums for training to provide a much more comprehensive and effective training program. For example, the in-aircraft training can provide the motion, g-cueing exposure and realistic startle elements that cannot currently be experienced in a fullflight simulator. "Practically all commercial pilot training is currently conducted in a level-D simulator," said Paul Comtois, a member of the ICATEE Training Committee and the director of Aircraft Upset Prevention and Recovery Training for ETC. "You simply cannot experience the elevated Gs or spatial disorientation or startle factors that you would elsewhere. That's why ICATEE is all about a combination of in-aircraft, academics and simulator training. A combination of elements is going to help train people better in loss of control because it incor-

porates all of those things that are going to make training programs successful." The problem with the current concentration on simulator-based training is that it puts the industry "out of balance" for effective loss of control training, Comtois explained. In the loss of control, the aircraft is at the edges of its performance envelope, which cannot be accurately replicated in a simulator. And unfortunately, neither pilots or simulation instructors fully understand the limitations of the simulator. "There is not a single methodology out there in which we can do all of this UPRT training, including the actual airplane, because it is simply too expensive and way too dangerous," Comtois said. "So we are forced to employ these three legs of the stool."

Standards for Instructors An equally vital element of the new ICATEE UPRT approach is the four sections of the new UPRT manual. While all are important, a particular emphasis is given to the Instructor section. "We see the biggest and most cost-effective improvements as being from instructors," said Randy Brooks,

ISSUE 4.2012

room and simulator training for pilots, the RAeS-based organization recommends in the new manual.


information together on the basic knowledge that pilots need to know in terms of avoiding upsets, it did not pertain to aircraft with less than 100 seats and focused primarily on swept-wing aerodynamics, Advani pointed out. The new manual will provide UPRT for all aircraft types and sizes, he said. The earlier document also was not ever officially recognized by the aviation industry and regulatory agencies, and may be too complex for quick reference. The goal with the new manual is to provide UPRT information in a "more digestible" form. Adoption of the ICATEE UPRT manual by ICAO will provide the means for establishing global UPRT standards and guidelines. The goal for the new document is to make information more readily accessible for users than before. To do so, the document is broken down into four sections; one for pilots, one for instructors, one for training providers and one for regulators. Reflecting the ICATEE philosophy for UPRT, the new document strongly points out that there is no one training medium in which all such training can be conducted. So the key to effective UPRT is a mix of in-aircraft, academic class-

CAT Magazine - Issue 4/2012  
CAT Magazine - Issue 4/2012  

The Journal for Civil Aviation Training. The Annual Training Sourcebook.