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Iceland Iceland in in figures figures

2018 2018


Iceland in figures 2018 Volume 23 Published by Statistics Iceland Borgartún 21a IS-105 Reykjavík ICELAND Telephone  (+354) 528 1000 Facsimile  (+354) 528 1098 E-mail information@statice.is Website www.statice.is Edited by Svava Guðjónsdóttir Cover design and layout  Statistics Iceland/BÓ Paper  UPM Finesse Premium Silk 90g Printed and bound by Oddi Printing Corp. Sale and subscription  Statistics Iceland Telephone  (+354) 528 1100 Facsimile  (+354) 528 1098 E-mail information@statice.is Cover photo Whale jumping out of water in Iceland. © Shutterstock

© Statistics Iceland 2018 Reproduction and distribution, also of parts, are permitted provided that the source is mentioned. ISBN 978-9979-770-58-9 ISSN 1025-6903


CONTENTS Map of Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Key figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Labour market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Wages and income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Quality of life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Health and social protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Education and culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 National accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Public finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 External trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Enterprises and turnover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Fisheries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Transport and information technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Geography and environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Primary symbols and abbreviations

– nil 0 less than half of the unit used · category not applicable … not available , thousand seperator . decimal seperator ISK Icelandic krónur n.e.s. not elsewhere specified EU European Union EEA European Economic Area BOP Balance of Payments @ notes ; source


2

Ólafsvík

Akranes

Keflavík

Reykjavík

Capital region

Southwest

West

Borgarnes

Westfjords

Stykkishólmur

Ísafjörður

Selfoss

Vík

South

Northwest

Blönduós

Sauðárkrókur

Siglufjörður

Akureyri

Northeast

Húsavík

Höfn

East

Eskifjörður

Egilsstaðir

Neskaupstaður

Seyðisfjörður

Map of Iceland


Key figures

Key figures Population 1 January 2018 Population capital region, % Foreign citizens 2017, % Fertility rate 2017

348,450 63.8 8.9 1.7

Gross domestic product 2017 GDP growth, % GDP per capita, USD, current PPPs

3.6 53,102

Labour market 2017 Unemployment rate, % Activity rate, % Employment rate, % Average working hours

2.8 82.6 80.3 39.9

Total monthly earnings, full-time 2016, ISK Consumer price index 2017 Inflation rate, average CPI, %

667,000

1.8

3


Population

Population by sex and age 1 January 2018 Total 0–14 years 15–64 years 65 years and over

Total

%

Males

Females

348,450 67,407 232,060 48,983

100.0 19.3 66.6 14.1

177,600 34,473 119,803 23,324

170,850 32,934 112,257 25,659

Top 10 first names for men and women in the National Register 2017 Male 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Jón Sigurður Guðmundur Gunnar Ólafur Einar Kristján Magnús Stefán Jóhann

Female

% 3.1 2.5 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2

Guðrún Anna Kristín Sigríður Margrét Helga Sigrún Ingibjörg María Jóhanna

4

% 2.8 2.7 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2


Population

Population by region and urban nuclei 1 January 2018 Whole country Capital region Reykjavík Kópavogur Hafnarfjörður Mosfellsbær Southwest Keflavík og Njarðvík Grindavík West Akranes Borgarnes Stykkishólmur Ólafsvík Westfjords Ísafjörður Bolungarvík Patreksfjörður Northwest Sauðárkrókur Blönduós Skagaströnd Northeast Akureyri Húsavík Dalvík Siglufjörður Ólafsfjörður East Egilsstaðir Höfn í Hornafirði Neskaupstaður Reyðarfjörður Eskifjörður South Selfoss Vestmannaeyjar Hveragerði Þorlákshöfn Hvolsvöllur

Total

Males

Females

348,450 222,484 124,847 35,966 29,409 10.225 25,770 17,555 3,319 16,257 7,249 1,962 1.173 970 6,994 2,625 924 677 7,195 2,574 821 477 30,453 18,542 2,323 1,367 1,183 791 12,791 2,464 1,677 1,469 1,270 1,006 26,506 7,564 4,284 2,564 1,651 931

177,600 112,202 62,938 18,150 14,740 5.293 13,691 9,311 1,751 8,420 3,727 1,020 595 486 3,641 1,327 493 351 3,607 1,289 424 240 15,640 9,251 1,230 693 587 409 6,701 1,249 878 755 696 541 13,698 3,811 2,233 1,292 867 471

170,850 110,282 61,909 17,816 14,669 4.932 12,079 8,244 1,568 7,837 3,522 942 578 484 3,353 1,298 431 326 3,588 1,285 397 237 14,813 9,291 1,093 674 596 382 6,090 1,215 799 714 574 465 12,808 3,753 2,051 1,272 784 460

@@ See map on page 2.

5


Population

Population by citizenship 1 January Population, total Iceland Other countries Europe Nordic countries Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Other European countries United Kingdom Lithuania Poland Germany America United States Africa Asia Philippines China Thailand Oceania Stateless and unspecified 1

19801

%

2017

%

228,785 225,545 3,240 2,246 1,360 950 45 275 90 886 324 – 21 234 731 636 38 114 28 2 1 104 7

100.0 98.6 1.4 1.0 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 – 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

338,349 308,074 30,275 26,133 1,610 880 126 276 328 24,523 829 2,306 13,795 1,077 1,164 636 480 2,339 575 252 509 74 85

100.0 91.1 8.9 7.7 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 7.2 0.2 0.7 4.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

1 December.

Average expected lifetime 2016

Total

Males

Females

Iceland Norway Sweden Finland Denmark EU28

82.2 82.5 82.4 81.5 80.9 81.0

80.4 80.7 80.6 78.6 79.0 78.2

84.1 84.2 84.1 84.4 82.8 83.6

;; Eurostat.

6


Elections

Results of election to the Althingi 2017 Valid votes

%

Members elected

196,259

100.0

63

21,017 13,122 49,548 13,502 21,337 18,053 23,654 33,156 2,870

10.7 6.7 25.2 6.9 10.9 9.2 12.1 16.9 1.5

8 4 16 4 7 6 7 11 0

Total

Males

Females

63

39

24

8 10 10 13 11 11

5 5 8 10 5 6

3 5 2 3 6 5

Total Progressive Party Reform Independence Party People’s Party The Central Party Pirate Party The Social Democratic Alliance The Left-Green Movement Others ;; National Electoral Commission of Iceland.

Elected members to the Althingi 2017 Elected members, total Constituencies Northwest Northeast South Southwest Reykjavík South Reykjavík North ;; National Electoral Commission of Iceland.

Results of presidential election 2016

Valid votes

%

Total

182,608

100.0

26,037 615 25,108 1,280 71,356 477 50,995 294 6,446

14.3 0.3 13.7 0.7 39.1 0.3 27.9 0.2 3.5

Andri Snær Magnason Ástþór Magnússon Wium Davíð Oddsson Elísabet Kristín Jökulsdóttir Guðni Th. Jóhannesson Guðrún Margrét Pálsdóttir Halla Tómasdóttir Hildur Þórðardóttir Sturla Jónsson 7


Labour market

Labour force participation and unemployment 2017

Labour force

Activity rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

Total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

199,500 32,800 122,200 44,500

82.6 81.7 91.3 65.8

2.8 7.9 1.9 1.4

Males, total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

106,800 17,100 64,700 25,000

86.2 81.5 93.8 73.7

2.8 8.6 1.8 1.4

92,600 15,700 57,500 19,500

78.7 81.9 88.7 57.8

2.7 7.1 2.0 1.4

Females, total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

10

Unemployment by sex 1991–2017

9 8 7 6 %

5 4 3 2 1 0 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 males

8

females


Labour market

Employed persons in main and second job by economic activity, % 2017

Total

Agriculture, forestry and fishing A Crop and animal production, hunting, related service activities and hunting A:3 Fishing and aquaculture Industry B Mining and quarrying C Manufacturing C:10–12 Manufacturing food, beverages and tobacco C:10.2 Processing and preserving of fish, crustaceans and molluscs C:24 Manufacture of basic metals D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities F Construction Services G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles H Transportation and storage H:51 Air transport I Accommodation and food service activities J Information and communication K Financial and insurance activities L Real estate activities M Professional, scientific and technical activities N Administrative and support service activities N:79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security P Education Q Human health and social work activities R Arts, entertainment and recreation Other service and non specified activities

9

Males Females

1.9 2.2

2.1 3.5

1.6 0.7

0.0 9.8

0.0 13.3

0.0 5.9

3.9

4.3

3.2

1.4 1.2 0.9

1.6 1.8 1.3

1.3 0.4 0.4

0.6 6.7

1.0 11.7

0.0 0.8

14.0 7.3 1.7 6.6 5.5 3.0 0.9 7.3 4.5

15.5 9.1 1.6 6.4 6.9 2.6 1.2 8.2 4.9

12.3 5.0 1.8 7.0 3.8 3.6 0.6 6.1 4.0

2.0

1.8

2.1

4.8 13.4 12.4 4.4 3.1

3.9 6.1 4.9 3.8 2.1

5.9 21.8 21.1 4.9 4.3


Labour market

Unemployment rate, annual average 2017, % greece spain cyprus croatia italy turkey latvia Portugal finland france slovakia sweden eu28 lithuania ireland slovenia belgium estonia denmark bulgaria austria luxembourg netherlands united Kingdom romania Poland norway Hungary germany malta iceland czech republic 0

5

10

;; Eurostat.

10

15


Wages and income

Earnings by occupational group and sex Thousand ISK 2016

Total

Total monthly earnings, full-time Total Managers Professionals Technicians and associate professionals Clerks Service workers and shop and market sales workers Craft and related trades workers Plant and machine operators and assemblers Elementary occupations

Males Females

667 1,079 707 699 497 479 659 562 468

742 1,177 822 830 540 551 689 570 492

582 928 642 559 487 407 449 482 401

Unadjusted gender pay gap Percent Total Private sector Public sector, total Public sector, central government Public sector, local government 1

2008

2010

20151

20161

20.5 22.4 21.2 18.8 14.7

17.5 17.8 16.5 15.6 7.5

17.0 16.7 14.6 14.9 7.2

16.1 16.4 15.9 16.3 8.3

Preliminary data

At-risk-of-poverty rate 2005−2016, % 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

2005

2006 eu28

2007

2008 sweden

2009

2010

finland

2011

2012

denmark

2013

2014

norway

2015

2016

iceland

@@ The share of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60% of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers). ;; Eurostat.

11


Quality of life

Frequency of alcohol consumption 2015, % 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

every day

every week

every month iceland

less than every month

not in the past 12 months

never

eu28

Daily smokers of 18–79 years old 1987–2017, % 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 females

males

12


Health and social protection

Average length of maternity/paternity leave Number of days paid

Males

Females

99 93 90 88 88 88 87 86 78

178 179 180 180 182 182 182 183 182

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

@@ Average length per parent by birthyear of child. The independent right of mothers and fathers is 3 months and they can share additional 3 months.

Children in day-care 2016 Total in day-care and after school arrangements 0–2 years 3–5 years

Denmark1 Finland2 79.2 66.0 96.7

47.9 28.0 74.0

2014 data 2015 data ;; Norden

1 2

13

Iceland

Norway

Sweden

78.9 59.7 96.8

65.2 56.3 96.0

74.8 49.9 96.6


Education and culture

Pupils/students by education level Number of pupils Pre-primary level Compulsory school Upper secondary level Post-secondary non-tertiary education First stage of tertiary education Second stage of tertiary education

2005

2010

2016

16,864 44,336 23,345 784 15,686 156

18,961 42,539 25,168 990 18,368 478

19,090 44,527 22,564 844 17,642 469

Population by tertiary educational level 2017 ireland finland norway united Kingdom switzerland iceland cyprus sweden lithuania belgium luxembourg estonia denmark netherlands spain france latvia slovenia austria eu28 greece Poland germany bulgaria montenegro Hungary Portugal czech republic croatia slovakia macedonia malta italy turkey romania 0.0

10.0

20.0

isced 5–8, age from 25–64 years ;; Eurostat.

14

30.0

40.0

50.0


Education and culture

Graduates by level 2000/2001

2005/2006

2015/2016

6,343 4,067 237 2,034 5

8,586 4,812 394 3,365 15

10,883 5,748 580 4,483 72

Graduates, total Upper secondary level Post secondary non-tertiary level First stage of tertiary education Second stage of tertiary education

Visitors to museums and related activities Visitors, total Icelanders Foreigners

2000

2005

2014

489,006 354,412 134,594

720,554 523,118 197,436

1,691,649 826,077 865,572

2000

2005

2014

25 47 9,762 1,582

22 46 8,046 1,426

16 42 7,054 1,439

164 6

163 2

149 7

Cinemas Cinemas Cinema halls Seat capacity Attendance (in thous.) Premiers of feature films Icelandic

Professional theatres Theatres, total Stages Works performed Plays Performances Audience

2000/2001

2005/2006

2013/2014

8 13 85 63 1,524 276,155

6 13 74 48 1,160 261,999

4 11 65 38 1,047 271,046

15


Prices

Central Bank average selling rates of foreign currencies ISK

2014

2015

2016

2017

U.S. dollar Pound sterling Canadian dollar Danish krone Norwegian krone Swedish krone Swiss franc Japanese yen Euro

117.0 192.6 106.0 20.8 18.6 17.1 127.9 1.1 150.1

132.2 202.1 103.6 19.7 16.4 15.7 137.5 1.1 146.7

121.0 164.2 91.3 18.0 14.4 14.2 122.9 1.1 134.0

107.0 137.8 82.6 16.3 13.0 12.6 108.7 1.0 120.9

55 Central Bank of Iceland.

Inflation 2009–2018, annual rate of change, % 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

16

2014

2015

2016

2017 2018


Prices

Average household expenditure

Total 01 Food and non-alcoholic beverages 02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 03 Clothing and footwear 04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 05 Furnishing and household equipment 06 Health 07 Transport 08 Communications 09 Recreation and culture 10 Education 11 Hotels, cafés and restaurants 12 Miscellaneous goods and services 1 2

The results are a three year average at 2002 price level. The results are a four year average at 2016 price level.

17

2000–20021 ISK %

2013–20162 ISK %

3,505,694 100.0 557,993 15.9 132,051 3.8 200,966 5.7 704,652 20.1

6,238,999 100.0 820,061 13.1 162,043 2.6 241,854 3.9 1,886,211 30.2

204,195 5.8 127,796 3.6 515,074 14.7 108,048 3.1 504,388 14.4 17,892 0.5 189,756 5.4 242,883 6.9

284,728 4.6 263,319 4.2 907,447 14.5 201,320 3.2 693,642 11.1 48,272 0.8 352,516 5.7 377,587 6.1


National accounts

Annual average growth rate of Gross National Income Volume changes, %

Annual average growth rate of Gross National Income

Average population increase

Annual average growth rate of Gross National Income per capita

6.1 1.5 3.4 0.4 5.3 3.7 -2.4 6.6 7.9

0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 0.8 1.4

5.1 0.3 2.3 -0.6 4.2 2.7 -3.8 5.8 6.4

1975–1980 1980–1985 1985–1990 1990–1995 1995–2000 2000–2005 2005–2010 2010–20151 2012–20171 1

Preliminary data.

Gross domestic product and gross national product 2017

Million ISK at Volume changes on current prices previous year, %

Private final consumption Government final consumption Gross fixed capital formation Changes in inventories Gross domestic final expenditure Exports of goods and services Goods, fob Services Less: Imports of goods and services Goods, fob Services Gross Domestic Products Gross national income at market prices

1,287,987 595,159 565,543 754 2,449,443 1,199,722 527,907 671,814 1,094,600 694,964 399,636 2,554,565 2,560,512

7.8 2.6 9.3 -0.1 6.8 4.8 0.9 8.1 11.9 11.5 12.7 3.6 2.8

@@ Preliminary data.

GDP per capita Thousand ISK USD, current exchange rate USD, current PPPs EUR, current exchange rate EUR, current PPPs 1

Preliminary data.

18

2005

2010

20171

3,553 56,525 37,074 45,472 31,701

5,123 41,975 38,622 31,643 31,269

7,427 69,554 53,102 61,614 41,403


National accounts

Gross domestic product by industries %

2005 2010 20171

A

Agriculture, forestry and fishing Thereof fishing B–E Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities F Construction G–I Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities J Information and communication K Financial and insurance activities L Real estate activities M–N Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities O–Q Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities R–U Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services 1

5.7 4.6

7.3 6.1

5.7 4.5

14.0 20.2 10.7 4.4

14.9 7.7

16.3 16.2 5.6 3.9 8.6 8.6 9.5 10.3

21.4 4.8 5.6 9.2

6.7

7.0

9.5

20.5 19.1

18.6

2.4

2.8

2.7

Preliminary data.

GDP, percentage change from previous year 2005–2017 10 8 6 4 2 0

%

-2 -4 -6 -8 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 EU28 ;; Eurostat.

19

Iceland


Public finance

General government finances 2017

Million ISK

% of GDP

Revenue, total Tax revenue Social contribution Grants Other revenues Expenditure, total Expenses Compensation of employees Use of goods and services Consumption of fixed capital Interest Subsidies Grants Social benefits Other expense Nonfinancial assets Net lending and net borrowing Financial assets, transactions1 Liabilities, transactions1

1,109,606 873,522 89,209 2,660 144,215 1,070,946 1,032,622 362,723 261,761 42,798 102,019 37,868 5,715 172,853 46,885 38,324 38,660 163,044 -145,319

43.4 34.2 3.5 0.1 5.6 41.9 40.4 14.2 10.2 1.7 4.0 1.5 0.2 6.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 6.6 -5.9

Financial assets Liabilities Net financial assets

1,084,078 1,890,053 -805,975

42.4 74.0 -31.6

1 2016 data. Preliminary data.

General government total expenditure Percent of GDP General government total expenditure General public service Defence Public order and safety Economic affairs Environmental protection Housing and community amenities Health Recreation, culture and religion Education Social protection 20

2005

2010

2016

41.6 5.1 0.0 1.4 5.7 0.7 0.4 7.9 3.3 8.2 8.9

49.1 8.6 0.1 1.3 6.7 0.6 2.4 7.5 3.5 8.0 10.6

45.2 11.2 0.1 1.3 4.9 0.6 0.5 7.5 3.0 7.2 9.1


External trade

Exports by the top 10 countries (fob) 2017 Total Netherlands Spain United Kingdom  Germany  United States France  Norway  Denmark  China  Japan  Others

Million ISK

%

517,649 131,784 69,754 48,599 39,414 36,209 32,567 26,843 11,737 10,274 10,009 100,458

100.0 25.5 13.5 9.4 7.6 7.0 6.3 5.2 2.3 2.0 1.9 19.4

@@ Preliminary data.

Imports by the top 10 countries (cif) 2017 Total Germany Norway  China  Netherlands United States Denmark  United Kingdom  Sweden  Brazil  Australia Others @@ Preliminary data.

21

Million ISK

%

741,162 78,508 67,483 51,377 49,254 47,204 45,583 43,114 30,064 25,139 24,791 278,648

100.0 10.6 9.1 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.8 4.1 3.4 3.3 37.6


External trade

Exports (fob) by commodities Percent of value Marine products Agricultural products Manufacturing products Other 1

2005

2010

20171

56.7 1.9 34.2 7.2

39.3 1.6 55.4 3.7

38.1 3.8 54.1 4.0

2005

2010

20171

7.1 24.7 9.2 24.4 19.4 15.1 0.1

9.9 33.6 12.8 22.3 6.6 14.7 0.1

8.4 27.4 11.1 21.3 18.4 13.4 0.1

Preliminary data.

Imports (cif) of broad economic categories Percent of value Food and beverages Industrial supplies Fuels and lubricants Capital goods (except transport equipment) Transport equipment Consumer goods Goods n.e.s. 1

Preliminary data.

300,000

Balance of trade in goods and services 1995–2017

million isK

200,000 100,000 0 -100,000 -200,000 -300,000 1995

1997

1999

2001

goods in boP

2003

2005

2007

2009

goods and services

@@ 2017 preliminary data.

22

2011

2013 services

2015

2017


Enterprises and turnover

Sold production % Total value in million ISK Manufacture of food products and beverages Manufacture of basic metals Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products Fabricated metal products Manufacture of machinery and equipment Other manufacturing

2008

2016

543,373

715,840

42.9 36.2 3.5 2.8 2.5 12.1

49.1 27.9 2.6 2.5 4.1 13.8

Completed dwellings 1992–2017 4,000 3,500

number

3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 55 Registers Iceland.

23


Fisheries

Fish catch by species 2005

Total catch Cod Redfish Haddock Mackerel Capelin Saithe Greenland halibut Blue whiting Herring Shrimp Capelin roe Norwegian springspawning herring Ling Other 1

20171

Tonnes

Value 1,000 ISK

1,668,927 212,456 61,535 96,580 363 594,632 67,736 13,021 265,890 102,967 8,657 10,428

67,920,065 24,924,027 5,466,266 8,881,445 9,236 5,030,553 3,086,148 3,035,334 1,489,498 1,988,124 870,430 449,396

161,693 4,307 68,662

5,161,064 261,489 7,267,053

Tonnes

Value 1,000 ISK

1,176,540 109,953,340 249,995 48,716,924 58,516 8,836,689 36,111 7,948,278 165,591 8,525,437 179,573 3,596,808 49,364 6,428,401 11,933 5,637,452 228,935 4,078,073 46,317 1,593,003 4,566 1,231,047 17,261 3,112,618 80,481 7,715 40,181

2,871,915 1,116,628 6,260,067

Preliminary data.

Value of catch 1994–2017 180,000 160,000

million isK

140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016

24


Fisheries

Export of marine products Exports total, tonnes Marine products Fresh fish Frozen fish Dried and salted fish Other marine products Total fob-value, million ISK Marine products Fresh fish Frozen fish Dried and salted fish Other marine products

%

20171

%

100.0 50.8 6.1 22.2 4.4 18.2

2,205,486 609,574 73,909 270,063 45,119 220,483

100.0 27.6 3.4 12.2 2.0 10.0

194,355 110,130 19,938 57,621 20,977 11,595

100.0 56.7 10.2 29.6 10.8 6.0

517,607 197,091 45,948 82,809 20,630 47,704

100.0 38.1 8.9 16.0 4.0 9.2

Preliminary data.

2,500,000

Total catch of Icelandic vessels 1986–2017

2,000,000

tonnes

1

2005 1,485,802 754,514 89,993 330,028 64,666 269,827

1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 1986

1989

1992

1995

1998

25

2001

2004

2007

2010

2013

2016


Agriculture

Production of field crops Total hay yield, m3 Potatoes, tonnes Turnips, tonnes Cereal grains, tonnes Tomatoes, tonnes Cucumbers, tonnes

2000

2005

2010

2017

2,363,342 9,843 795 3,041 931 831

1,968,018 7,250 750 9,773 1,508 1,147

2,165,642 12,460 833 13,175 1,652 1,458

2,739,552 9,000 930 7,400 1,334 1,857

2000

2005

2010

2017

72,135 465,777 73,995 3,862 178,093

65,979 454,950 74,820 3,982 166,119

73,781 479,841 77,164 3,615 173,419

80,895 458,634 64,679 3,567 220,460

Livestock Cattle Sheep Horses Pigs Hens ;; Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority.

Meat production Tonnes

2000

2005

2010

2017

Mutton and lamb Beef Pork Poultry

9,735 3,626 4,783 3,051

8,738 3,540 5,300 5,768

9,166 3,895 6,158 6,905

10,619 4,614 6,265 9,697

Organic farming 1996–2017 25,000

45 40

20,000

35 30

15,000

25 20

10,000

15 10

5,000

5 0

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

Hectare (left axis)

2008

2010

2012

Producers (right axis)

;; Norden.

26

2014

2016

0


Tourism

Foreign passengers through Keflavík airport by citizenship

Passengers, total USA UK Germany France Norway Denmark China Canada Sweden Netherlands Spain Poland Switzerland Italy Japan Finland Russia Other countries

2010 Number

%

2017 Number

%

459,252 51,166 60,326 54,377 29,255 35,662 38,139 5,194 13,447 27,944 17,281 12,237 13,253 9,163 9,692 5,580 11,012 1,755 63,769

100.0 11.1 13.1 11.8 6.4 7.8 8.3 1.1 2.9 6.1 3.8 2.7 2.9 2.0 2.1 1.2 2.4 0.4 13.9

2,195,271 576,403 322,543 155,813 100,374 47,958 53,240 86,003 103,026 56,229 49,164 57,971 66,299 30,166 40,865 22,397 24,068 11,819 390,933

100.0 26.3 14.7 7.1 4.6 2.2 2.4 3.9 4.7 2.6 2.2 2.6 3.0 1.4 1.9 1.0 1.1 0.5 17.8

;; Icelandic Tourist Board.

Passengers through Keflavík airport 2003–2017 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Foreigners ;; Icelandic Tourist Board.

27

Icelanders


Transport and information technology

Registered decked vessels Number

Gross tonnage

1,621 842 735 44

158,455 4,154 92,460 61,841

1 January 2018 Vessels, total Undecked vessels Decked vessels Trawlers ;; The Icelandic Maritime Administration.

Registered motor vehicles 31 December Passenger cars Buses Lorries and vans Motorcycles Passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitant

2005

2010

2016

187,442 1,899 25,544 4,183 625.0

204,736 1,916 30,437 9,651 643.8

240,490 2,862 35,572 10,573 717.0

2005

2010

2016

101 87 82 103 96 103 101

139 122 101 156 107 110 135

145 111 1001 173 120 109 146

2005

2010

2017

84 48

92 70

98 87

;; Road Traffic Directorate.

Mobile subscriptions Per 100 inhabitants Denmark Faroe Island Greenland Finland Iceland Norway Sweden 2015 data ;; Norden

1

Internet access of households % Iceland EU28 ;; Eurostat.

28


Energy

Annual generation of electricity in public power plants GWh

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

2016

Annual generation of electricity Hydro energy Geothermal energy Wind energy Fuel

4,976 4,677 290 • 8

7,678 6,350 1,323 • 4

8,681 7,015 1,658 • 8

17,059 12,592 4,465 • 2

18,799 13,781 5,003 11 4

18,549 13,470 5,067 9 3

;; National Energy Authority.

Gross consumption of electricity GWh

Total consumption

Ordinary consumption

1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 2016

536 1,460 3,143 4,447 4,977 7,676 17,060 18,060

397 705 1,445 2,218 2,480 2,783 3,361 3,726

Power-intensive industries Total Aluminium plants 139 755 1,698 2,229 2,497 4,893 13,210 14,334

– 642 1,280 1,509 1,702 3,767 12,019 12,595

Imported energy, total

Thereof Oil Coal

;; National Energy Authority.

Gross energy consumption by source %

2005 2010 2016

Domestic energy, total 74.1 85.7 82.2

Thereof Hydro Geothermal energy energy 17.8 19.4 20.2

56.3 66.3 62.0

;; National Energy Authority.

29

25.9 14.3 17.5

23.0 12.6 15.5

3.0 1.7 2.0


Energy

Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 2016, % iceland norway sweden montenegro finland latvia albania austria denmark estonia Portugal croatia lithuania romania slovenia serbia bulgaria macedonia italy spain eu28 france greece czech republic germany Hungary slovakia Poland ireland united Kingdom cyprus belgium netherlands malta luxembourg 0

20

40

;; Eurostat.

30

60

80


Geography and environment

Iceland Municipalities 1 January 2018: 74 Area of Iceland: 103,000 km2 Vegetation: 23,805 km2 Lakes: 2,757 km2 Glaciers: 11,922 km2 Wasteland: 64,538 km2 Nearest country: Greenland, 287 km Highest mountain: Hvannadalshnjúkur, 2,110 metres Biggest glacier: Vatnajökull, 8,300 km2 Longest river: Þjórsá, 230 km Deepest lake: Jökulsárlón on Breiðamerkursandur, 248 metres Highest waterfall: Glymur in Botnsá, 190 metres Population per square km: 3.4 Coast line: 6,087 km Sea area within fishing limits: 758,000 km2 ;; National Land Survey of Iceland.

Protected areas Number 2000 Total National parks Natural monuments Nature reserves Country parks Other

84 3 31 37 11 2

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

31

2016 114 3 42 41 22 6

Area km2 2000 12,365 1,870 154 2,706 392 7,243

2016 20,773 14,347 121 2,830 442 3,033


Geography and environment

Greenhouse gas emissions 1,000 tonnes in CO2-equivalents

1990

2000

2014

Man-made emissions, total CO2 CH4 N2O HFC PFC SF6

4,595 3,272 592 466 164 99 2

3,958 2,730 559 475 43 150 1

3,631 2,106 522 507 0 495 1

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

Greenhouse gas emission by source 1990 and 2014 2,000 1990

2014

1,000 tonnes

1,500

1,000

500

0 industry road and transport construction

fishing vessels

industrial processes

agriculture

Waste

geothermal power plants

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

Mean temperature by months 2017 14 12 10 8 °c

6 4 2 0 -2 -4

J

f

m

a

m J reykjavĂ­k

32

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Iceland in your pocket While enjoying the beautiful nature of Iceland, learn the basic statistical information on the Icelandic society, population, climate, environment, labour market and industries, external trade, transport, tourism, prices, wage, private income, national accounts, health, social services, education, culture, elections, etc.

9 789979 770589

Iceland in figures 2018 is the 23rd volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical office, Statistics Iceland.

Profile for Hagstofa Íslands

Iceland in figures 2018  

Iceland in figures 2018 is the 23rd volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical offi...

Iceland in figures 2018  

Iceland in figures 2018 is the 23rd volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical offi...

Profile for hagstofa
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