Page 1

Iceland in figures

2016


Iceland in figures 2016 Volume 21 Published by Statistics Iceland Borgartún 21a IS-105 Reykjavík ICELAND Telephone  (+354) 528 1000 Facsimile  (+354) 528 1098 E-mail information@statice.is Website www.statice.is Edited by Svava Guðjónsdóttir Cover design and layout  Statistics Iceland/BÓ Paper  UPM Finesse Premium Silk 90g Printed and bound by Oddi Printing Corp. Sale and subscription  Statistics Iceland Telephone  (+354) 528 1100 Facsimile  (+354) 528 1098 E-mail information@statice.is Cover photo Skógafoss waterfall, South Iceland © Snorri Gunnarsson

© Statistics Iceland 2016 Reproduction and distribution, also of parts, are permitted provided that the source is mentioned. ISBN 978-9979-770-56-5 ISSN 1025-6903


CONTENTS Map of Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Labour market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Wages and income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Quality of life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Health and social protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Education and culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 National accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Public finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 External trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Enterprises and turnover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Fisheries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Transport and information technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Geography and environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Primary symbols and abbreviations

“ sign of repetition – nil 0 less than half of the unit used · category not applicable … not available , thousand seperator . decimal seperator ISK Icelandic krónur n.e.s. not elsewhere specified EU European Union EEA European Economic Area BOP Balance of Payments @ notes ; source


2

Ólafsvík

Akranes

Keflavík

Reykjavík

Capital region

Southwest

West

Borgarnes

Westfjords

Stykkishólmur

Ísafjörður

Selfoss

Vík

South

Northwest

Blönduós

Sauðárkrókur

Siglufjörður

Akureyri

Northeast

Húsavík

Höfn

East

Eskifjörður

Egilsstaðir

Neskaupstaður

Seyðisfjörður

Map of Iceland


Population

Population by sex and age 1 January 2016 Total 0–14 years 15–64 years 65 years and over

Total

%

Males

Females

332,529 66,540 219,916 46,073

100.0 20.0 66.1 13.9

167,270 33,980 111,478 21,812

165,259 32,560 108,438 24,261

Population by region 1 December Whole country Capital region Reykjavík Kópavogur Hafnarfjörður Southwest West Westfjords Northwest Northeast Akureyri East South

1910

1950

20161

85,183 15,006 11,600 … 1,547 2,589 10,268 13,386 9,012 11,959 2,239 9,713 13,250

143,973 65,555 56,251 1,647 5,087 5,093 9,975 11,166 10,264 18,368 7,711 9,705 13,847

332,529 213,619 122,460 34,140 28,189 22,509 15,766 6,883 7,128 29,361 18,294 12,452 24,811

@@ See map on page 2. 1 1 January.

3


Population

Population by citizenship 1 December Population, total Iceland Other countries Europe Nordic countries Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Other European countries United Kingdom Lithuania Poland Germany America United States Africa Asia Philippines China Thailand Oceania Stateless and unspecified 1

1980

%

20151

%

228,785 225,545 3,240 2,246 1,360 950 45 275 90 886 324 – 21 234 731 636 38 114 28 2 1 104 7

100.0 98.6 1.4 1.0 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 – 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

329,100 304,806 24,293 20,644 1,578 880 105 264 329 19,064 670 1,683 11,073 978 998 567 396 2,058 543 238 518 66 131

100.0 92.6 7.4 6.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 5.8 0.2 0.5 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

1 January.

Average expected lifetime 1921–1930 Males Females 2014 Iceland Males Females EU28 Males Females

At birth

15 years

50 years

80 years

56.2 61.0

47.6 64.5

23.0 30.9

6.2 7.7

81.3 84.5

66.4 69.8

32.5 35.7

8.7 10.6

78.1 83.6

63.5 69.0

30.2 34.9

8.5 10.2

;; Statistics Iceland, Eurostat.

4


Population

Total fertility rate 2014 Portugal greece cyprus Poland spain slovakia italy malta Hungary serbia croatia austria germany luxembourg macedonia romania czech republic bulgaria switzerland Estonia slovenia Eu28 liechtenstein lithuania latvia denmark finland netherlands belgium montenegro norway albania united kingdom sweden iceland ireland france turkey 0.0

0.5

1.0

;; Eurostat.

5

1.5

2.0

2.5


Elections

Results of election to the Althingi 2013 Valid votes

%

Members elected

188,995

100.0

63

50,455 46,173 24,294 20,546 15,584 9,648 22,295

26.7 24.4 12.9 10.9 8.2 5.1 11.8

19 19 9 7 6 3 –

Total

Males

Females

63

38

25

8 10 10 13 11 11

5 5 6 8 7 7

3 5 4 5 4 4

Total Independence Party Progressive Party The Social Democratic Alliance The Left-Green Movement Björt framtíð Píratar Others ;; National Electoral Commission of Iceland.

Elected members to the Althingi 2013 Elected members, total Constituencies Northwest Northeast South Southwest Reykjavík South Reykjavík North ;; National Electoral Commission of Iceland.

Results of presidential election 2012

Valid votes

%

Total

159,207

100.0

2,867 13,764 1,556 4,189 84,036 52,795

1.8 8.6 1.0 2.6 52.8 33.2

Andrea Jóhanna Ólafsdóttir Ari Trausti Guðmundsson Hannes Bjarnason Herdís Þorgeirsdóttir Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Þóra Arnórsdóttir

6


Labour market

Labour force participation and unemployment 2015

Labour force

Participation rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

Total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

191,300 32,100 115,900 43,300

82.5 79.5 90.7 68.0

4.0 8.7 3.2 2.6

Males, total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

100,000 16,000 60,300 23,700

85.7 77.7 93.9 74.5

3.9 10.7 2.6 2.5

91,300 16,100 55,600 19,500

79.3 81.5 87.5 61.5

4.1 6.7 3.8 2.7

Females, total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

Unemployment by sex 2008–2016 14 12 10 %

8 6 4 2 0

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

males

7

2013 females

2014

2015

2016


Labour market

Employed persons in main job by industry, % 2015

Total

Males Females

Agriculture, forestry and fishing A – Crop and animal production, hunting, related service activities and hunting A:3 – Fishing and aquaculture

4.2

6.5

1.7

2.0 2.2

2.6 3.9

1.3 0.4

Industry B – Mining and quarrying C – Manufacturing C:10–12 – Manufacturing food, beverages and tobacco C:10.2 – Processing and preserving of fish, crustaceans and molluscs C:24 – Manufacture of basic metals D – Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply E – Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities F – Construction

17.8 0.1 10.3

27.7 0.2 14.3

6.9 0.0 5.9

4.1

4.7

3.4

2.0 1.3

2.3 2.1

1.7 0.4

0.8

1.3

0.3

0.5 6.2

0.7 11.3

0.2 0.6

Services G – Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles H – Transportation and storage H:51 – Air transport I – Accommodation and food service activities J – Information and communication K – Financial and insurance activities L – Real estate activities M – Professional, scientific and technical activities N – Administrative and support service activities N:79 – Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities O – Public administration and defence; compulsory social security P – Education Q – Human health and social work activities R – Arts, entertainment and recreation Other service and non specified activities

78.0

65.8

91.3

13.0 6.1 1.2 6.0 5.0 3.4 0.5 6.2 3.1

13.8 7.5 1.2 4.7 6.5 2.9 0.6 7.0 3.3

12.1 4.7 1.2 7.5 3.5 4.0 0.4 5.3 2.9

1.0

1.0

1.0

4.1 12.8 11.4 3.5 2.8

4.1 4.8 4.4 3.9 2.3

4.1 21.6 19.0 3.0 3.2

8


Labour market

Unemployment rate, annual average 2015, % greece spain croatia cyprus Portugal italy slovakia france turkey latvia finland ireland Eu28 bulgaria lithuania slovenia belgium Poland sweden netherlands romania Hungary luxembourg Estonia denmark austria malta united states united kingdom czech republic germany norway iceland 0

5

10

15

;; Eurostat.

9

20

25

30


Wages and income

Income from employment according to tax returns Thous. ISK

2005

2010

2014

Total annual mean income Males Females Total mean income from work Males Females

3,388 4,055 2,745 2,831 3,467 2,153

4,007 4,654 3,375 3,594 4,263 2,889

5,081 5,851 4,333 4,580 5,350 3,762

The Gini index and the income quintile share ratio 2005–2014 50

5

40

4

30

3

20

2

10

1 2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

gini index (left axis)

2010

2011

2012

Quintile share ratio (right axis)

10

2013

2014


Quality of life

Share of 20−29 year-olds living with their parents 2013, % slovakia croatia italy malta serbia Hungary slovenia romania Portugal greece Poland spain bulgaria cyprus czech republic lithuania latvia luxembourg ireland switzerland Eu28 belgium austria germany Estonia netherlands united kingdom iceland france sweden norway finland denmark 0.0

20.0

40.0

;; Eurostat

11

60.0

80.0

100.0


Health and social protection

Average length of maternity/paternity leave Number of days 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Males

Females

100 100 102 99 93 90 88 87 80

185 181 178 178 179 180 180 182 181

@@ Average length per parent by birthyear of child. The independent right of mothers and fathers is 3 months and they can share additional 3 months.

Daily smokers of 15–79 years old 1987–2014, % 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

1987

1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

females

males

12

2008

2011

2014


Health and social protection

Practising physicians per 100,000 inhabitants 2013 norway lithuania switzerland germany sweden* bulgaria italy spain iceland denmark* malta Estonia cyprus Hungary latvia liechtenstein france croatia finland belgium luxembourg united kingdom ireland romania slovenia Poland *2012 data

0

100

200

;; Eurostat.

13

300

400

500


Education and culture

Pupils/students by education level Number of pupils Pre-primary level Compulsory school Upper secondary level Post-secondary non-tertiary education First stage of tertiary education Second stage of tertiary education 1

2005

2010

2014

16,864 44,336 23,345 784 15,686 156

18,961 42,539 25,168 990 18,367 478

19,938 43,136 24,7111 8281 19,3481 4911

2013 data

School expectancy 2012 iceland finland sweden denmark belgium netherlands lithuania slovenia norway Poland greece germany Estonia czech republic Portugal latvia spain Hungary Eu28 ireland switzerland austria italy turkey liechtenstein romania united kingdom france slovakia croatia bulgaria malta luxembourg cyprus macedonia 0 5 10 15 Exptected years of education over a lifetime ;; Eurostat.

14

20

25


Education and culture

Graduations by level 2000/2001

2005/2006

2012/2013

6,343 4,067 237 2,034 5

8,586 4,812 394 3,365 15

10,457 5,907 549 3,945 56

Graduations, total Upper secondary level Post secondary non-tertiary level First stage of tertiary education Second stage of tertiary education

Visitors to museums and related activities Visitors, total Icelanders Foreigners

2000

2005

2014

489,006 354,412 134,594

720,554 523,118 197,436

1,691,649 826,077 865,572

2000

2005

2014

25 47 9,762 1,582

22 46 8,046 1,426

16 42 7,054 1,439

164 8

163 3

149 7

Cinemas Cinemas Cinema halls Seat capacity Attendance (in thous.) Premiers of feature films Icelandic

Professional theatres Theatres, total Stages Works performed Plays Performances Audience

2000/2001

2005/2006

2013/2014

8 13 85 63 1,524 276,155

6 13 74 48 1,160 261,999

4 11 65 38 1,047 271,046

15


Prices

Central Bank average selling rates of foreign currencies ISK

2012

2013

2014

2015

U.S. dollar Pound sterling Canadian dollar Danish krone Norwegian krone Swedish krone Swiss franc Japanese yen Euro

125.3 198.6 125.5 21.7 21.6 18.5 133.7 1.6 161.2

122.5 191.7 119.1 21.8 20.9 18.8 132.3 1.3 162.8

117.0 192.6 106.0 20.8 18.6 17.1 127.9 1.1 150.1

132.2 202.1 103.6 19.7 16.4 15.7 137.5 1.1 146.7

;; Central Bank of Iceland.

Inflation 2009–2016, annual rate of change, % 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2009

2010

2011

2012

16

2013

2014

2015

16


Prices

Harmonised indices of consumer prices 2015, annual rate of change, % cyprus greece bulgaria switzerland slovenia Poland lithuania spain romania slovak republic croatia finland ireland united kingdom EEa Eu germany Hungary luxembourg italy france Estonia latvia netherlands denmark czech republic iceland Portugal belgium sweden austria malta norway -2.0

-1.5

-1.0

-0.5

0.0

17

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5


National accounts

Annual average growth rate of gross national income Volume changes, %

Annual average growth rate of gross national income

Average population increase

Annual average growth rate of gross national income per capita

4.0 6.1 1.5 3.4 0.4 4.8 3.7 -2.3 6.4

1.3 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 0.8

2.7 5.1 0.3 2.3 -0.6 3.8 2.7 -3.7 5.5

1965–1975 1975–1980 1980–1985 1985–1990 1990–1995 1995–2000 2000–2005 2005–2010 2009–20151 1

Preliminary data.

Gross domestic product and gross national product 2015 Private final consumption Government final consumption Gross fixed capital formation Changes in inventories Gross domestic final expenditure Exports of goods and services Goods, fob Services Less: Imports of goods and services Goods, fob Services Gross domestic products Gross national income

Million ISK at current prices

Volume changes on previous year, %

1,105,770 520,143 420,898 3,489 2,050,300 1,176,618 614,151 562,467 1,021,439 649,659 371,780 2,205,479 2,185,076

4.8 1.1 18.6 0.0 6.3 8.2 3.2 13.7 13.5 18.7 5.2 4.0 8.7

@@ Preliminary data.

GDP per capita Thousand ISK USD, current exchange rate USD, current PPPs EUR, current exchange rate EUR, current PPPs 1

Preliminary data.

18

2005

2010

20151

3,565 56,721 35,987 45,629 31,811

5,094 41,743 38,639 31,468 31,201

6,661 50,520 45,819 45,530 33,664


National accounts

Gross domestic factor income by industries %

2005 2010 20151

A. Agriculture, forestry and fishing Thereof of Fishing B–E. Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities F. Construction G–I. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities J. Information and communication K. Financial and insurance activities L. Real estate activities M–N. Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities O–Q. Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities R–U. Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services 1

5.7 4.6

7.2 6.1

6.4 5.0

14.2 10.7

19.4 4.2

18.3 5.9

16.3 5.5 9.4 9.5

15.5 3.6 11.6 10.1

19.0 4.6 6.7 8.9

6.5

6.7

7.8

20.0

18.5

19.4

2.4

3.2

3.0

Preliminary data.

GDP, percentage change from previous year 2004–2015 12 10 8 6 4 2

%

0 -2 -4 -6 2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

EU28

2010

2011 Iceland

;; Eurostat.

19

2012

2013

2014

2015


Public finance

General government finances 2015 Revenue, total Tax revenue Social contribution Grants Other revenues Expenditure, total Expenses Compensation of employees Use of goods and services Consumption of fixed capital Interest Subsidies Grants Social benefits Other expense Nonfinancial assets Net lending and net borrowing Financial assets, transactions1 Liabilities, transactions1 Financial assets Liabilities Net financial assets

Million ISK

Percent of GDP

931,116 733,779 78,927 2,900 115,509 941,851 918,257 304,935 239,003 40,471 97,314 29,422 3,702 141,767 61,644 23,593 -10,735 52,467 53,685

42.2 33.3 3.6 0.1 5.2 42.7 41.6 13.8 10.8 1.8 4.4 1.3 0.2 6.4 2.8 1.1 -0.5 2.6 2.7

1,145,265 2,161,521 -1,016,256

51.9 98.0 -46.1

2014 data. @@ Preliminary data.

1

General government total expenditure Percent of GDP General government total expenditure General public service Defence Public order and safety Economic affairs Environmental protection Housing and community amenities Health Recreation, culture and religion Education Social protection 20

2005

2010

2014

41.5 5.1 0.0 1.4 5.7 0.7 0.4 7.9 3.3 8.2 8.8

49.4 8.6 0.1 1.3 6.8 0.6 2.4 7.5 3.5 8.0 10.7

45.3 8.1 0.0 1.5 6.3 0.6 0.4 7.5 3.1 7.6 10.2


External trade

Foreign trade by market area 2015

Exports (fob) Million ISK

%

Imports (cif) Million ISK

%

Total

626,265 100.0

700,289 100.0

EEA Austria Belgium United Kingdom Bulgaria Denmark Estonia Finland France Greece Netherlands Ireland Italy Croatia Cyprus Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Norway Portugal Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Czech Republic Hungary Germany European countries outside EES Faroe Islands Russia Switzerland Turkey Other European countries United States Japan Other countries

489,254 332 14,136 72,661 78 15,161 449 1,653 35,708 1,602 163,186 1,631 7,877 244 145 551 10 2,439 93 179 29,129 9,489 2,833 96 819 14 72,301 3,023 518 6,258 46,639 35,269 4,127 12,682 7,190 2,780 8,490 15,161 1,653 43,145

410,705 3,379 9,373 35,271 581 49,763 4,880 6,277 17,773 324 41,041 14,819 20,514 307 32 3,062 15 4,151 606 638 71,031 2,018 12,694 1,352 3,365 803 9,132 26,848 7,733 2,708 60,216 34,632 2,679 2,156 12,711 12,368 4,718 49,763 6,277 92,046

21

78.1 0.1 2.3 11.6 0.0 2.4 0.1 0.3 5.7 0.3 26.1 0.3 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 4.7 1.5 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 11.5 0.5 0.1 1.0 7.4 5.6 0.7 2.0 1.1 0.4 1.4 2.4 0.3 6.9

58.6 0.5 1.3 5.0 0.1 7.1 0.7 0.9 2.5 0.0 5.9 2.1 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.1 10.1 0.3 1.8 0.2 0.5 0.1 1.3 3.8 1.1 0.4 8.6 4.9 0.4 0.3 1.8 1.8 0.7 7.1 0.9 13.1


External trade

Exports (fob) by commodities Percent of value Marine products Agricultural products Manufacturing products Other

2005

2010

2015

56.7 1.9 34.2 7.2

39.3 1.6 55.4 3.7

42.2 2.1 52.9 2.7

2005

2010

2015

7.1 24.7 9.2 24.4 19.4 15.1 0.1

9.9 33.6 12.8 22.3 6.6 14.7 0.1

9.9 28.1 12.7 20.9 15.7 12.4 0.2

Imports (cif) of broad economic categories Percent of value Food and beverages Industrial supplies Fuels and lubricants Capital goods (except transport equipment) Transport equipment Consumer goods Goods n.e.s

million isk

Balance of trade in goods and services 1995–2015 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 -50,000 -100,000 -150,000 -200,000 -250,000

1995

1997

1999

2001

goods in boP

2003

2005

2007

goods and services

22

2009

2011

2013

services

2015


Enterprises and turnover

Sold production % Total value in million ISK Manufacture of food products and beverages Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Fabricated metal products Manufacture of machinery and equipment Other manufacturing

2008

2014

544,044

723,634

43.0 3.5 36.1 2.8 2.5 12.1

47.4 1.8 28.8 2.7 3.7 15.6

Completed dwellings 1992–2015 4,000 3,500

number

3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

;; Registers Iceland.

23

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

2014


Fisheries

Fish catch by species 2005

Total catch Cod Redfish Haddock Mackerel Capelin Saithe Greenland halibut Blue whiting Herring Shrimp Capelin roe Norwegian springspawning herring Ling Other 1

20151

Tonnes

Value 1,000 ISK

1,668,927 212,456 61,535 96,580 363 594,632 67,736 13,021 265,890 102,967 8,657 10,428

67,920,065 24,924,027 5,466,266 8,881,445 9,236 5,030,553 3,086,148 3,035,334 1,489,498 1,988,124 870,430 449,396

161,693 4,307 68,662

5,161,064 261,489 7,267,053

Value 1,000 ISK

Tonnes

1,319,395 151,301,060 243,871 60,963,620 58,093 13,442,527 40,711 11,467,498 168,251 10,359,701 336,562 9,977,961 48,165 9,528,507 12,448 7,462,825 214,954 5,666,444 69,975 3,571,501 6,316 2,974,540 16,401 2,683,778 44,005 11,536 48,110

2,360,809 1,828,508 9,012,841

Preliminary data.

Value of catch 1994–2015 180,000 160,000

1,000,000 isk

140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1994

1997

2000

2003

24

2006

2009

2012

2015


Fisheries

Export of marine products Exports total, tonnes Marine products Fresh fish Frozen fish Dried and salted fish Other marine products Total fob-value, million ISK Marine products Fresh fish Frozen fish Dried and salted fish Other marine products

2005

%

2015

%

1,485,802 754,514 89,993 330,028 64,666 269,827

100.0 50.8 6.1 22.2 4.4 18.2

2,156,315 631,872 67,538 286,318 58 220

100.0 29.3 3.1 13.3 2.7 10.2

194,355 110,130 19,938 57,621 20,977 11,595

100.0 56.7 10.2 29.6 10.8 6.0

626,266 264,593 53,972 125,105 37,793 47,722

100.0 42.2 8.6 19.9 6.0 7.6

Total catch of Icelandic vessels 1986–2015 2,500,000

tonnes

2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 1986

1990

1994

1998

25

2002

2006

2010

2014


Agriculture

Production of field crops Total hey yield, m3 Potatoes, tonnes Swedes, tonnes Cereal grains, tonnes Tomatoes, tonnes Cucumbers, tonnes

2000

2005

2010

2015

2,363,342 9,843 795 3,041 931 831

1,968,018 7,250 750 9,773 1,508 1,147

2,165,642 12,460 833 13,175 1,652 1,458

2,106,750 9,050 1,200 4,673 1,347 1,826

2000

2005

2010

2015

72,135 465,777 73,995 3,862 178,093

65,979 454,950 74,820 3,982 166,119

73,781 479,841 77,164 3,615 173,419

78,628 480,656 ‌ 3,550 238,000

Livestock Cattle Sheep Horses Pigs Hens ;; Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority.

Meat production Tonnes

2000

2005

2010

2015

Mutton and lamb Beef Pork Poultry

9,735 3,626 4,783 3,051

8,738 3,540 5,300 5,768

9,166 3,895 6,158 6,905

10,185 3,605 6,806 8,328

Organic farming 1996–2015 45

25,000

40 20,000

35 30

15,000

25 20

10,000

15 10

5,000

5 0

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

Hectare (left axis)

2008

2010

Producers (right axis)

;; Norden.

26

2012

2014

0


Tourism

Foreign passengers through Keflavík airport by citizenship 2010 Number Passengers, total U.S.A. U.K. Germany France Norway Denmark China Canada Sweden Netherlands Spain Poland Switzerland Italy Japan Finland Russia Other countries

459,252 51,166 60,326 54,377 29,255 35,662 38,139 5,194 13,447 27,944 17,281 12,237 13,253 9,163 9,692 5,580 11,012 … 65,524

2015 Number

% 100.0 11.1 13.1 11.8 6.4 7.8 8.3 1.1 2.9 6.1 3.8 2.7 2.9 2.0 2.1 1.2 2.4 … 14.3

1,261,938 242,805 241,024 103,384 65,822 51,402 49,225 47,643 46,654 43,096 29,546 27,166 27,079 25,935 23,817 16,547 16,021 4,877 199,895

% 100.0 19.2 19.1 8.2 5.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.3 1.3 0.4 15.8

;; Icelandic Tourist Board.

Passengers through Keflavík airport 2003–2015 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Foreigners ;; Icelandic Tourist Board.

27

Icelanders


Transport and information technology

Registered decked vessels Number

Gross tonnage

1,041 46 758 45 192

198,079 53,320 92,058 8,997 43,704

1 January 2016 Vessels, total Trawlers Other fishing vessels Merchant fleet Other vessels ;; The Icelandic Maritime Administration.

Registered motor vehicles 31 December

2005

2010

2014

187,442 1,899 25,544 4,183 625.0

204,736 1,916 30,437 9,651 643.8

217,454 2,300 31,364 10,306 671.2

Per 1,000 inhabitants

2005

2010

2014

Access channels Mobile subscriptions

509 362

569 1,179

456 1,242

2005

2010

2014

84 48

92 70

96 81

Passenger cars Buses Lorries and vans Motorcycles Passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitant ;; Road Traffic Directorate.

Telecommunications

Internet access of households % Iceland EU27 ;; Statistics Iceland, Eurostat.

28


Energy

Annual generation of electricity in public power plants GWh Annual generation of electricity Hydro energy Geothermal energy Wind energy Fuel kWh per capita

2005

2010

2014

8,680 7,014 1,658 • 8 29,251

17,059 12,592 4,465 • 2 53,638

18,122 12,873 5,238 8 2 55,646

;; National Energy Authority.

Gross consumption of electricity GWh

Total consumption

Ordinary consumption

1960 1970 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

536 1,460 3,143 3,837 4,447 4,977 7,676 17,059 17,210 17,549 18,116 18,122

397 705 1,445 1,834 2,218 2,480 2,783 3,044 3,006 3,148 3,119 3,191

Power-intensive industries Total Aluminium plants 139 755 1,698 2,003 2,229 2,497 4,893 13,214 13,284 13,545 13,980 13,983

– 642 1,280 1,287 1,509 1,702 3,767 12,019 11,829 12,104 12,399 12,439

;; National Energy Authority.

Gross energy consumption by source % 2005 2010 2014

Domestic energy, total 74.1 85.7 86.8

Hydro Geothermal Imported energy energy energy, total 17.8 19.4 17.8

56.3 66.3 69.1

;; National Energy Authority.

29

25.9 14.3 13.2

Oil

Coal

23.0 12.6 11.9

3.0 1.7 1.3


Energy

Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 2014, % luxembourg malta netherlands united kingdom belgium ireland cyprus Hungary Poland slovakia czech republic germany france greece Eu28 spain italy bulgaria slovenia lithuania romania Estonia Portugal croatia denmark austria finland latvia sweden norway iceland 0

20

40

;; Eurostat.

30

60

80

100


Geography and environment

Iceland Population 1 January 2016: 332,529 Municipalities 1 January 2016: 74 Area of Iceland: 103,000 km2 Vegetation: 23,805 km2 Lakes: 2,757 km2 Glaciers: 11,922 km2 Wasteland: 64,538 km2 Nearest country: Greenland, 287 km Highest mountain: Hvannadalshnjúkur, 2,110 metres Biggest glacier: Vatnajökull, 8,300 km2 Longest river: Þjórsá, 230 km Deepest lake: Jökulsárlón in Breiðamerkursandur, 260 metres Highest waterfall: Glymur in Botnsá, 190 metres Population per square km: 3.2 Coast line: 4,970 km Sea area within fishing limits: 758,000 km2 ;; National Land Survey of Iceland.

Protected areas Number 2000 Total National parks Natural monuments Nature reserves Country parks Other

84 3 31 37 11 2

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

31

2014 114 3 42 41 22 6

Area km2 2000 12,365 1,870 154 2,706 392 7,243

2014 20,773 14,347 121 2,830 442 3,033


Geography and environment

Temperature and precipitation Reykjavík Year January Temperature (°C) Mean 2015 Mean 1961–1990 Precipitation (mm) 2015 Mean 1961–1990

Akureyri Year January

July

July

4.5 4.3

-0.3 -0.5

11.3 10.6

3.8 3.2

-1.2 -2.2

8.4 10.5

1,025 799

127 76

35 52

587 490

71 55

32 33

;; The Icelandic Meteorological Office.

Greenhouse gas emissions 1,000 tonnes in CO2-equivalents

2000

2005

2013

Man-made emissions, total CO2 CH4 N2O HFC PFC SF6

3,766 2,775 446 388 27 127 3

3,833 2,853 443 450 58 26 3

4,544 3,322 541 419 171 88 3

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

Greenhouse gas emission by source 2000 and 2013 2,000 2000

2013

1,000 tonnes

1,500

1,000

500

0 industry road and transport construction

fishing vessels

industrial processes

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

32

agriculture

Waste

geothermal power plants


The big picture Statistical Yearbook of Iceland 2015 is the 25th publication of the yearbook presenting a comprehensive selection of statistical data on Iceland. With over 300 statistical tables, 50 charts and numerous photographs, the yearbook is a definitive collection of statistical information on the Icelandic society, both in Icelandic and English.

statice.is/publications/yearbook/


Iceland in your pocket While enjoying the beautiful nature of Iceland, learn the basic statistical information on the Icelandic society, population, climate, environment, labour market and industries, external trade, transport, tourism, prices, wage, private income, national accounts, health, social services, education, culture, elections, etc.

9 789979 770565

Iceland in figures 2016 is the 21st volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical office, Statistics Iceland.

Iceland in figures 2016  

Iceland in Figures 2016 is the 21st volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical offi...

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