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January 5, 2014

Times Feature

Prolific writer Lal Balkaran publishes books on a variety of subjects

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nspired by his heritage, award winning Canadabased Guyanese author Lal Balkaran is penning numerous books aiming to showcase the talents and beauty of his homeland. Balkaran was born at Plantation Versailles on the West Bank Demerara on July 4, 1953, grew up in Pouderoyen, and later moved to Goed Fortuin in 1970, all three areas in close proximity. He attended the nearby Malgre Tout Government School (1960-1965) and the West Demerara Government Secondary School (19651970). After high school, he taught in the Rupununi for five years from 197075 among the Wapishanas, and travelled extensively throughout Guyana.

Lal (right) donates auditing books during a trip to Guyana in 2010

Additionally, he is selftaught and is a certified internal auditor, fellow certified general accountant, fellow chartered management accountant, and holds an MBA from Heriot-Watt University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He moved to Barbados in 1982 as the accountant at CXC and then as a financial controller at the Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation in 1984 before immigrating to Canada in 1987 where he worked as senior audit executive in a range of high-profile organizations. Balkaran was granted two awards by the Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) – Canada: the 2010 Arthur J. Childs Distinguished Service in Canada Award for his IIA activities over the years including starting an IIA Guyana Chapter in 2000 and the 2012 Contribution to the Profession of Internal Auditing Award for his dedication and academic contribution to the internal auditing profession through the range of articles and books he has written on the profession that have been published around the world. Additionally, he is an in-

timeless publications which have been well received. The long-term friendship he developed and maintained with some of his colleagues in the Rupununi enabled him to direct them to take some of the scenes contained in this book. The author also travelled and explored other areas of the vast region, even accompanying the natives to ‘bleed’ balata at Apoteri in 1972. He also explored the jungles from Awarewaunau to as far as the Kwitaro River and walked for miles throughout the savannah, sleeping at remote ranches, abandoned houses, and even crossing over to Brazil through the Takatu River. The writer’s life in Guyana’s interior was a defining moment and his travels throughout the hinterland in addition to his interests in the Amerindians throughout the Americas inspired him to compile the “Encyclopaedia of the Guyanese Amerindians”. He has also done documentaries “A photo journal of the Guyanese Amerindians”, “Guyana: A Photographic Journey across All Four Geographic Regions”, and “Stamps of British Guiana

Canadian-based Guyanese author Lal Balkaran

ternal auditor and a published author. He has written several books and dozens of articles on a wide range of subjects. Six books are on accounting and auditing, including the world’s first dictionary of auditing published by LexisNexis (Butterworths) in Toronto, while seven are on his native Guyana. His fascination with the savannah and jungle scenery of the area and everyday life of the people enabled him to live like them: hunting with bow and arrow; fishing with kunam and traps; drinking parakari (kari); listening to savannah and other tales of kanaima and the peaiaman; participating in their feasts; observing their taboos; eating farine, tasso and cassava bread, and sleeping in a hammock. This is his seventh book on his native Guyana. All are authoritative and

and Guyana”. Currently, he is working on a fourth edition of his book “Bibliography of Guyana and Guyanese Writers” due to be out in mid-2014. Of note, Balkaran has been donating books on a variety of subjects including business, accounting, finance, auditing, and anthropology in addition to computer equipment and a miscellany of items to the various missions in the interior, the National Library and the UG Library over the years, and in July 2013 when he was in Guyana conducting a 2-day workshop in HR Auditing under the auspices of IIA-Guyana. Balkaran’s interests are many and can be viewed from his website at www.lalbalkaran.com. He can be contacted at lalbalkaran@rogers.com


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January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine

3

Times Focus

INSIDE

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uyana is blessed with an abundance of majestic coconut trees, and their coconuts’ uses are vast and varied over millennia; popularly known for their beautifying properties. The oldest fossils known of the modern coconut date from what is known as the Eocene period of Earth’s history, which dates from around 37 to 55 million years ago, and were found in Australia and India. The coconut tree is a member of the palm family, and the coconuts are commonly used in arts and crafts, foods, medicines, oils, condiments and for religious purposes. Knowing the benefits of coconuts, U.S.-based Guyanese D’Arcy George and her mother, a medical scientist, founded their business, Crazy4Coconut, in July 2013. In an interview with Guyana Times Sunday Magazine, D’Arcy George revealed that the company initially focused on hair products, but this soon developed into a line of body products. “Crazy4Coconut was born after searching for coconut oil that was indeed organic, without the high smell. Our coconut oil comes from organic coconut trees. We grow them ourselves. Crazy4Coconut’s origin can be found in our backyard in Guyana,” she explained. The company also started after much

D'Arcy (left) and her mother Yvette

salt and Epsom salt, but sugar is the best because it is less abrasive and can be used both on the body and face,” she disclosed. Crazy4Coconut also offers a line of Chocolate Mint Body Butter is one of the products produced

scrubs made from sugars and butters, made in turn from coconut oil. One of George’s most popular products is the Coconut & Clove oil. It has a mixture of a light smell along with a hint of clove. It helps with hair growth and can also be used as a dandruff treatment. “This clove oil is also antiseptic and a very strong antioxidant. Clove oil is one of the strongest natural antioxidants ever tested. It can increase blood circulation, which makes it one of the best supports for hair growth stimulation. The sugar scrubs are made with raw cane sugar and leave hands, face and feet smooth and moisturized. It exfoliates, breaks down scar tissue beneath the skin and traps moisture in so skin stays hydrated all day,” she noted. George also uses jasmine oil which is known for its sensual floral fragrance and is used on skin to help soothe and moisturize. According to George, jasmine oil along with coconut oil has proven to be very effective when it comes to hair growth. Along with adding volume and length it gives dry hair a radiant shine. “My main objective is to include co-

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conut oil in all of my products as well as using all natural products. My mom and I currently sell the products online on our website and Facebook. My future plans for Crazy4Coconut is to have an internationally certified product as well as customers globally,” she outlined. George also mentioned she is happy when she reads the overwhelming positive reviews of her products and this motivates her to keep on developing her business. She now has a long list of clientele who speak excitedly of the benefits enjoyed using Crazy4Coconut’s natural products. For more information visit Crazy4Coconut on Facebook or darcyrcg.wix.com/crazy4coconut

A jar of pure coconut oil prepared by D'Arcy George

prodding from George’s friends. George wanted coconut oil for her hair but did not want the high coconut smell. She then asked her mother to make some for her. When George’s friends tried some they were amazed how beneficial the oil was for their hair and encouraged her to invest more into the business. All the ingredients in George’s products are natural. She only uses essential oils and not fragrance oils. The reason is that essential oils are produced from flowers or plants while fragrance oils are manmade. As for the recipes, George does in-depth research on the ingredients and the benefits for hair and body. She also consults with her mother. “Then I whip my coconut oil and get to work. When I knew I wanted to start making sugar scrubs, I researched the best natural ingredient then clarified with my mother. Scrubs can be made with sugar,

Pretty earrings can also be purchased from Crazy4Coconuts


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Times Sunday Magazine

January 5, 2014

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Times Feature

By Charles Ramson Jr.

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ll parents really want to see their children fulfil their potential. Unfortunately, children are not born with an accompanying user manual or a “How to raise a successful/ productive child” handbook. I know my parents, along with many other parents, certainly wished there was one. This article about parenting is written from a unique perspective that is, from my reflective, a perspective of what parenting techniques worked on me when I was growing up and some observations about the current state of general parenting practices. We know enough about the way in which

the world works today that education and information are more important than any other asset that one may possess. So with all the distractions and changes facing children today, it is not difficult to see why parents become so frustrated with their children. Parents and “parents in-waiting” know very well that the job of parenting is a fulltime one. As a parent, you cannot call-in sick; you are on call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and 365 days a year for the rest of your life. With our increasingly busy schedule, it now means that we have less time dedicated to the job of parenting. Moreover, children today have their IPods, computers, televisions, video games, and mobile phones etc which compete with a parent’s consequential influence. Some kids even have access to one of these items 24 hours a day while they see their parents for just a couple of hours a day (if they are lucky). I think that for far too long the rather damaging argument was allowed to gain currency that competition is unhealthy. I believe that parents should encourage their children to compete in every aspect of life. I am sure that all parents realise or would realise that the world functions as a result of competition and that human beings are inherently competitive individuals. Some children dislike running in a race or sitting exams not because they would not perform well but because they are afraid of losing. My view is that parents should encourage their children to get involved in extracurricular activities that have some element

of regular competition in it. It will allow their child to embrace the act of competing even if only from a sub-conscious angle. Amongst other things, competition teaches children discipline: the discipline to manage their time effectively, the discipline not to succumb to the peer-pressures of smoking, consuming alcohol and drugs, and the discipline to work towards their goals. Among other developments that I have noticed, the one that concerns me deeply is when I see parents rewarding lavishly average performances. I think it is a great idea to reward children but only reward them when they have had outstanding performances. The problem with rewarding average performances is that it imbues the child with the belief that they do not need to work hard in order to succeed. This is a problem because the system of the world functions in a very different way. The “working world” has a reward mechanism that encourages workers to work harder so it rewards the people that work the hardest and the people with the best performance indicators. I definitely understand a parent’s desire to give their children the best and wanting their children to have all the items, comforts and opportunities that they (the parent) never had. It is my view that the better way to do this is for parents to positively reinforce their child’s success by linking that success with a proportionate reward. That would encourage their children to work harder and to make themselves better. While I think school is important, I also think it is important to have a balanced upbringing. I sometimes speak to employers who say, “You could send me the kids with the 14 CXC subjects but if they have no interpersonal skills then there is not much I could do with them”. My opinion is that parents should encourage children to focus on getting the basics at school right, that is, reading, writing (which includes grammar and spelling), speaking, comprehension, maths, science, and computer education while still encouraging their child to get involved in other group/team activities. With that foundation built solidly, that child could branch off into

any career direction that they are interested in while still being able to work with others. I think too many of parents’ expectations are placed on their children at a young age. I always think it is good to push your children and encourage them to be better but do so without imposing your choice of career on the child. There is no career or profession that guarantees employment. There is no career or profession that guarantees a good income. In fact, I know many lawyers around the world who were “laid-off” on account of the global financial crisis and credit crunch. Yes it is true that it would be great to have a doctor or lawyer or engineer in the family but you must allow your children the opportunity to choose. I know of artists, singers, sportsmen etc, who are multi-millionaires. By contrast, I know of doctors, lawyers, and engineers who have not seen their first million dollars and are unlikely to make that type of money because they do not enjoy their job or profession. By allowing your children to choose their own careers, you (the parent) have allowed your children to be happy with that career. Finally, I think that parents should make it a point of duty to encourage their children. Make your children believe that they can do anything they want once they set their heart and mind to it. Criticism is important because it highlights your shortcomings, but criticism without encouragement can break your spirit. Today, children face a very different world with many different dangers and challenges. Teaching your children that “falling is a part of life and getting back up is a way of life”, will prepare your children to deal with all those dangers and challenges. Maybe children were not born with a user manual, but the love of a parent for their children could help them to fulfil their potential. (First published in Horizons 2012) Charles Ramson Jr. is an attorney and the son of former Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs Justice Charles Ramson Snr. He was sworn in last year as the first Commissioner of Information


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January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine 5

Times Women

the way to Achawib and up to this day the machine still exists in working order. It is kept by her eldest daughter, Elsa Barker, at her ranch in the Rupununi. Martina moved away from her beloved Rupununi to be closer to her children- the younger 3 were teenagers by then. She taught at Dora on the Demerara River in the 1960s. She eventually retired in the mid 1960s and moved to Georgetown to really be close to her younger children who were schooling in the city at the time. In 1976, she migrated to Canada after the death of her husband Stephen the year before. She lived in Canada quite independently in her own apartment until her death in 1992. She diligently sent off boxes and

By Regina Rodrigues

This is a tribute to my mother Martina Rodrigues- a notable individual in Santa Rosa who is remembered for her significant contribution to the academic development of her village.

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orn at Cabucalli, Santa Rosa in Moruca on Nov. 11, 1916 to Georgina and Emmanuel Ferreira, Martina Rodrigues was one of six children. She married Eleutherio Esteban Rodrigues at the age of 16 on July 24, 1932. Martina was the mother of seven children but two died as infants. Of the remaining children, two live in Guyana with their families and three migrated to Canada where they live with their families. She is known fondly as Aunty Bissy– she told us once that as a child she was always doing something and was told she was like a busy bee and so got the name ‘Bissy’. A major contribution by Martina to the life of the Amerindians of the Rupununi and Pakaraimas was the establishment and running of a network of primary schools. Teachers for these were largely recruited from the Arawak Amerindian community at Santa Rosa. Father Bernard MacKenna operating out of Sand Creek was the priest largely responsible for this work among the Wapishana of the Rupununi, while John Quigley worked with the Macushi of the central Rupununi and Wilson-Browne with the Patamona in the Pakaraimas. Martina was one of the teachers who left Moruca in 1952 to teach in the Rupununi. During a tribute to her after her death, she was described, “A talented poetess, artist and seamstress who was best known for her contribution to the teaching profession. She worked among the Caribs at Red Hill, Barama in the late 1940s, at Achawib Village, Rupununi among the Wapisianas in the 1950s and finally to Dora on the

barrels to the family in Moruca, a tradition her children still upkeep, and she never forgot her roots as she always visited Santa Rosa where her mother and older sister still lived. She never forgot about the elderly and frequently gave away her clothing to someone who admired it or seemed to be in need. She loved going to Bingo where she lived in Canada and every evening she would dress and take the bus to Bingo– even in winter when we might have told her it was too cold and snowy, she dressed in her warmest – including hat, gloves and bootsand off she went. She was indeed a strong and determined individual adored by all her family and friends.

Martina Rodrigues

Demerara in the 1960s. Old Santa Rosa folks will remember her witty, jovial and culturally centred letters she wrote in the Catholic Standard. They were likened to the contributions of the late Sister Theresa.” The school at Achawib, where she was headmistress, is the village at the most southern tip of Guyana – the nearest village and airstrip was 14 miles away. Martina would venture once a month on her bicycle, accompanied by 1 or 2 schoolboys to lead the way, in order to post her letters and receive her mails, which included a much cherished Reader’s Digest. She sewed her children’s clothing on her trusty Singer sewing machine. This model was purchased in 1953 and was very high end at the time as it had a foot pedal instead of one turned by hand. She proudly had her machine transported from Georgetown all

Martina's charitable effort is survived by her daughter Regina (far right in red shirt) and other family and friends in Santa Rosa

Evelyn Ada Luckhoo

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n the matters of truth, law and justice, there is no difference between large and small problems, nor is there a difference between men and women, for the law does not discriminate between genders, and neither did Ena Luckhoo. She proved this by becoming the first female lawyer of Indian descent in Guyana. Evelyn Ada Luckhoo, commonly referred to as Ena, was born in New Amsterdam, Berbice on August 17, 1923. She was the youngest of six children to father Edward Alfred Luckhoo, O.B.E. Solicitor and mother Evelyn Maude Luckhoo. Being the youngest in a large family with siblings, Irene, Edward, Lionel, and Lloyd made her completely spoilt, especially by her three older brothers, who were also very protective. She was a student of Ursuline Convent and Berbice Girls’ High School in New Amsterdam until 1931, after which she attended Bishops’ High School, Georgetown, where she completed her secondary education. She was

Ena Luckhoo

not only successful, but passed with honours at both the Junior and Senior Cambridge Examinations. Even though she was brought up in a prominent legal family, the decision to become a lawyer was not made directly after High School but after deliberating for a few years. Only after witnessing many battles and listening to daily discussions of legal points amongst her brothers, which she found very

interesting, did she decide to take up law as her profession. She was articled to Lloyd Luckhoo; she served in his Chambers for four and half years. After this period she was eligible to sit the Law Society Examination, and qualified as a Solicitor in 1949. Thereafter, she joined the Firm of Luckhoo and Luckhoo, Legal Practitioners. At the firm her practice was limited as she did not want to appear in the Magistrate’s Court

and thoroughly enjoyed being instructing Solicitor in Criminal cases, preparing pleadings, Conveyance, Divorce and Matrimonial matters. In 1956, she experienced what few persons experience in a lifetime, love at first sight, when she met Dr. Peter Byrne, a Veterinary Surgeon from Ireland. Her feelings of love were reciprocated and they married in 1957. Her marriage brought more happi-

ness to her life as she had her two children, Adrian and Denise, to complete her family. However, being wife and mother did not keep her out of the professional field. She continued to practice law, performed the duties as Mayoress of Georgetown having been designated to do so during her brother Lionel’s term of office as Mayor in 1955– 1956 and 1960–1961 and she also had the privilege of being Honorary Consul for Sweden. Throughout her career, and working at the firm of Luckhoo and Luckhoo, she achieved significantly. However, she recalls that one of her most memorable moments as a lawyer was the case in which Noor Mohammed was charged with murder. She and her brother represented him. He was convicted of the crime, but they were granted leave to go to the Privy Council where their Appeal was successful. At the prison when she told Noor Mohammed he was a free man he fell on his knees and said, “Thank you God, thank you Sir, thank you

Missus – I will never do it again!” She continued to practice until 1975, but at this time, her husband Peter was desirous of returning to his homeland and so, they decided to take up residence in Dublin, Ireland. Her love and husband, Peter, died in 1990 and after much deliberation she decided to return to the warmth of the Caribbean and to Trinidad, since her sister and son reside there. There she leads a hectic life as Vice-President of the Mayfair Ladies Bridge Club and former Director of Harbour View Ltd – a block of apartments where she now resides. She attends the races at Arima Race Course, Trinidad, regularly and is always excited when the horses, in which she has a share, win. At 89 years old, she is still going strong, pursuing many activities and still makes time for her children, 5 grandchildren and 1 great grand. For more information on women who have significantly contributed to Guyana visit www.horizonsguyana.com (First published in Horizons 2012)


6 Times Sunday Magazine

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January 5, 2014

Times Book World

Inspired By Guyanese The Shaping of Guyanese Literature

By Petamber Persaud

‘De Tiga’ by Indrawati Flaks With the continued attention on the cricket career of and recent upsurge of interest in Shivnarine Chanderpaul, breaking records and reaching new milestones, here is a tribute to ‘de tiga’. This story was written by Indrawati Flaks and first published in The Guyana Annual 2007-2008 issue of the magazine. Flaks is a writer of short fiction and poetry for children. The Guyana Annual, formerly published as the Chronicle Christmas Annual, was launched in December 1915. “Is de Tiga! Watch ee coming out!” Boogsie screamed, pointing to the television screen, jumping up and down. When someone is referred to as ‘Tiger’, I expect that individual to look a certain way. By this, I mean muscular, light on the feet and somewhat hostile in appearance. The person I observed, appeared to be more like a lamb, meek with absolutely no fight in his mien. This unassuming, bow-legged character, small in stature, walked towards the batting crease with the impression of waning energy. A closeup camera shot displayed a somewhat petrified look on the batsman face. Though not well defined in muscle tone, he was in fairly good shape. While on his way towards the crease, Tiger scanned the entire cricket ground very quickly. Surely, I thought, he could not be the ‘Tiger’. It had to be someone else on whom the camera was not focused. “Watch ee deh! Da is de man!’ still yelling, Boogsie started to dance, moving his wrist and wiggling his body, imitating an Indian classical dancer. It was then I realised Boogsie was really referring to the same unassuming individual and I blurted out in a sarcastic manner, “Da ah de Tiga, pleeease, he look like ee need some tonic!” I turned to Boogsie with a disparaging look on my face. I should have kept my loose mouth shut because Boogsie stopped dancing immediately and glared at me. Eyes blazing with anger, he said in that dreadful, quiet way, “Why yuh doan’t shut yuh mouth and leh me look at de game in peace!” Calmly, I walked over to an armchair next to Boogsie and sat, trying to stay silent. This was cricket season and I knew Boogsie was

on edge. His favourite team had not been doing well for some time and Boogsie hoped the fellows would drag themselves out of the slump, but that hope was dashed. Nevertheless, as a loyal fan, Boogise cheered the team on and when the occasion arose, made the most convincing excuses for the team’s sparse success at matches. Boogise was an ardent cricket fan. Fortunately, he was a farmer so could arrange his work schedule to accommodate viewing cricket on television. Going to live cricket was not on his agenda anymore. It so happened that on several occasions, security threw him off the cricket ground for disorderly conduct. Boogsie, thus, resigned himself to watching the games on television. One of Boogsie’s friends, Birdman, enlightened me that Boogise managed to incite fights at the cricket ground owing to his excitable nature regarding the game. I gathered Boogsie was banned from the cricket facility indefinitely. Fretting over my remark about ‘de Tiga’, Boogsie informed me, “If you only know how much presha dis man deh pan. Sometime he alone does gat fuh mek runs. Is like he cyant get good backup sometime.” Boogsie’s concern for the Tiger was genuine and I felt sorry for both he and Tiger. As for me being a cricket fan, well, I was not, until events changed my attitude towards the game. In fact, I used to despise cricket season. During that period, Boogsie paid no attention to me and we somehow managed to indulge in matches of our own, quarrelling and fighting over almost anything. We were actually separated for few weeks because of cricket. That was last cricket season. I got so fed up with Boogsie; he sat around the house all day, shouting, “Ketch de ball nah!, Four! , Six!, Dive!, Run, run, run!, Yuh gat ants in yuh pants, Move and get de ball!, You really shoulda rest dis season!” Boogise ate his meals in front of the television. He did not even make the effort to take his dishes to the sink. So fed up I was that I moved in with my parents. One can imagine the consternation on my parents’ behalf when I moved in with my more than an overnight bag. They were retired, enjoying a peaceful life after being rid of all of their offspring. So alarmed my dad became that he proposed to have a talk with Boogsie, but, I begged him to hold off. For four years, Boogsie and I lived in marital bliss,

except during cricket season. Throughout this time, Boogsie appeared to be under the influence of aliens; I had no way of getting through to him. Whenever I spoke with him, his reply would be inaudible and if the cricket game was not going in his favour. He would grunt, “Shut yuh mouth nah!” If I thought leaving Boogsie during cricket season would teach him a lesson, I should have considered that brainwave very carefully and concluded that things would not go in my favour. In blissful ignorance, I relished in my thoughts that Boogsie would miss me desperately, telephone me to return home, confess that he could not live without me and was sorry. I waited and waited. More than a week passed before I tucked my tail between my legs and called Boogsie. “Wha yuh duh

Boogsie?” I asked. “Eh, Eh, gal, me see like yuh gone fuh spen time with ma and pa. Ah when yuh guh come home?” Boogise asked. “Oh jeez!,” Boogsie interrupted with a shriek. “Ee out aready! Me guh call yuh back.” I could hear cricket commentary loud and clear in the background. For a couple of days I waited on Boogsie to return the call but he never did, so, I took Boogsie’s ‘Ah when yuh guh come home’ as an invitation to return home. My parents were overjoyed at my decision. When I arrived home, Boogsie was sitting in front of the television, totally absorbed in the cricket game. Somehow he perceived someone entered and raised his head. With a look of surprise, he exclaimed, “Yuh come back aready? How ma and pa?” Totally disenchanted with Boogise’s greeting, I

was realised that it would be a waste of emotion to wallow in misery and be more beneficial for our relationship if I were to become a cricket fan. Anyway, to get back to the batsman, this was the first opportunity I have had to experience the Tiger’s presence on the field. Impressed I was not. Tiger walked towards the batting crease, turned, looked left, then right. He bent over, as though he was prepared to bat, but then give an indication to the bowler he was not ready. It was then I realised Tiger was a left-hander. Tiger straightened up, took off his gloves and put them on again. The batsman proceeded to take off his helmet, bent forward to wipe his forehead on his sleeve; he returned the helmet to position. The helmet appeared to be too big for Tiger spent some time fidgeting, trying to position it. His leg pads

also seemed to be awry as though the straps were loose around Tiger’s slender legs. Very quickly, Tiger surveyed the field. That was when I noticed the intense look in his eyes. He bent over again to take on the batting stance but straightened up quickly; he proceeded to fix his gloves. The cameraperson zoomed Tiger’s face close up to the screen and I could see Tiger’s dark, round eyes narrowed and focused. After getting impatient with Tiger’s fidgeting, I jumped up, and yelled, “Wah wrong wid yuh, yuh friken fuh bat!” Boogsie swivelled towards me and give me such a look that I sat down and closed my mouth. What good was Tiger’s determined look anyway? He will be hammered by the bowler who was half a foot taller and outweighed him by more than thirty pounds. Like me too, the bowler appeared to be getting impatient. I could almost see forbidden words forming on his lips. Fortunately the umpire was looking the other way, maybe he too was swearing for this batsman was very trying on the nerves. After fixing his gloves, Tiger again took up the batting position, he hit the bottom of the bat a few times against the crease, digging into the crease. He turned around, walked over to the wicket, took off one of the bales and returned to the crease. The batsman took his bat and hammered the bale into the batting crease a few times. He then returned the bale to its rightful place. The umpire walked over to the wicket to ensure the bale was returned to its place. It was a hot day and Tiger must have been sweating. He took off the helmet once again, bent forward and wiped his forehead on his sleeve. He scanned the field very quickly. The bowler smiled, shook his head and resigned himself to the wait. He was not going to let Tiger tax his patience. Camera shots around the field displayed fielders also smiling at Tiger’s antics. Apparently they were accustomed to the ritual of delaying the game. I who was seeing Tiger at the crease for the first time was absolutely rattled. I could take it no more. I jumped up and screamed, “Tek de kiss-me-XXX bat an bat nah! All da XXXX style dat yuh mek, yuh keep back de whole game!” Once again Boogsie looked over at me with evil intention. I could see violent rage building in his eyes and I visualise my future at my parents’ if I did not continued on page 7


guyanatimesgy.com

January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine 7

Times Feature

from page 6

Inspired By Guyanese... keep my mouth shut. This time around I would be taken there by Boogsie and he would inform them of our separation. I also envisioned the look of horror on my parents’ faces. Boogsie, however, kept his cool. “Listen,” he said, “Jus watch, don’t talk, just watch and yuh guh see how dis man does play de game.” Still holding his position at the bowling crease, the bowler combed his fingers through his hair and maintained his smile. He turned to look at one of the fielders close by and grinned. The fielder raised his eyebrows and shook his head. Apparently, they were all quite familiar with the ceremony. They stood patiently as they did not want to appear flustered in the eyes of the spectators. Once again, Tiger took up the batting stance, hitting into the crease a few times with the bottom of his bat. He suddenly stood straight up, shook his shoulders and pulled his shirt at the shoulders. Like everything else he wore, the shirt seemed too big for him. Then, Tiger wiggled a little and fixed his groin pad. He wiggled his body again, took off his helmet and wiped his forehead on his sleeve. “Please god,” I murmured under my breath, “hope he ready now or me guh get one constriction hay today.” Sneaking a sideway glance at Boogise, I observed a look of intense anticipation on his face. Tiger’s unusual ceremony did not jangle his nerves a bit. It was as though he was looking forward to the experience. An indication was given to the bowler by Tiger that he was ready to bat. The bowler walked some distance from the bowling crease and took off at great speed. At the rate he was running, there was no doubt he was a fast bowler and with his body frame and weight, he was going to send that ball hurtling over ninety miles per hour. Thinking of Tiger’s small stature, I knew the ball would definitely make an impact. I envisage Tiger’s body reeling from the contact and thrown over to the wicket keeper. That ordeal of waiting on Tiger to bat had surely goaded the bowler to deliberately send the ball towards Tiger with the intention to injure him. I would have done it. I cringed and contracted my entire body just waiting and hoping the ball would connect Tiger’s bat and not his body. At least that would mitigate the impact. When the ball was released by the bowler, I heard a grunt of satisfaction as though he released all his pent up anger in the ball. My heart went out to the batsman thinking of the impending carnage. In the meanwhile, Tiger steadied his batting stance and the cameraperson took a close-up shot of the batsman again. Tiger’s dark, round eyes, focused, followed

the ball with intense concentration; it seemed as though nothing could distract his absorption with the ball. Cringing still, I prayed, “God help ee hay today, dis bowler guh send Tiga in de hospital.” Like some other batsmen, Tiger did not move forward to confront the ball; he simply stood his ground and waited for the ball to approach him. I wanted to close my eyes for the expected impact, yet, I was anxious about the outcome. So, still bracing for the collision, I closed one eye in nervous excitement. Behold, as the ball careened towards Tiger, I had the most intriguing vision. Tiger moved with such grace as he positioned to bat the ball that my eyes widened in awe at this point in time and I gaped at the television screen. Just before the ball made contact, Tiger swirled his body and raised his bat. At the swirl of his body, Tiger braced on his forward leg, twirled his bat a few degrees a fraction of a second before the ball connected with the bat. The ball was guided through a gap in the fielding positions and went for four runs. There was no indication of Tiger using physical force to move the ball. To my amazement, this unassuming batsman who looked as though he was going to go under when the ball connected, simply or should I say ‘scientifically’ guided the bat with no effort to channel the ball away from the wicket. In the process, Tiger scored four runs. Instead of his own strength, Tiger utilised the bowler’s force. Tears welled up in my eyes; I was simply flabbergasted. Boogise jumped up and shouted, “Yuh see! Yuh see! Da is de man!” Boogise’s right arm shot up in the air, weaving his palm, swaying his body, imitating an Indian classical dancer. “Da is how de Tiga does bat. Da is de man style.” I became a fan after that captivating episode of Tiger at the batting crease. From that day, whenever Tiger graced the crease, Boogsie and I did our dance. Responses to this author telephone (592) 226-0065 or email: oraltradition2002@ yahoo.com What’s happening: • “An Introduction to Guyanese Literature” is now available from the above contacts, Austin’s Book Service and at the National Library. • Coming Soon: Hall of Fame for the Literary Arts, Wednesday January 15, 2014. • See More Poetry at Theatre Guild on Sunday January 12, 2014, commemorating the birth centenary of A. J. Seymour under the auspices of the National Library.

Star of the week

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t just six years old, Ryan Roberts developed a love for music and his now beloved instrument – the guitar. He started listening to legendary artistes like The Beatles, Elvis Presley and Michael Jackson, which were the main influences of his music. This appreciation for classic rock was his motivation to get into the rock genre – more specifically punk rock. Ryan’s two all-time favourite punk rock bands are the Ramones and Blink 182. As he watched live performances of these bands repeatedly, Ryan saw the joy they had while performing, especially with the guitar, and this motivated him to further pursue his passion. Coming from a musical lineage, Ryan recalled his uncle being in a band called Intruders, which performed at the top night clubs back in the 60s. With an inherent love for music, Ryan seriously invested his efforts in developing himself musically. He joined local rock bands Keep Your Day Job! and JoJo and The Bums, which gave him the stage to express himself. Aimed at developing his talents, Ryan studied music theory and successfully completed his ABRSM Grade Two exams. This year he hopes to complete grades 4 and 5, and would like to pursue studies in sound engineering. A fan of the bass and most recently the synthesizer, Ryan’s focus is to keep growing as a musician. Although music is his main interest, Ryan’s dream is to become a pilot.


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Times Kids Page

Amazon manatee

Did you know?

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he Amazon manatee or South American manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is an aquatic mammal that can be found in the rivers, swamps and wetlands of the Amazon River basin. One of the three (Trichechus) manatee species in the world, it is a river dweller that can reach 2.8 m in length and weigh half a ton. They are found from the mouth of the Amazon River to the upper reaches of the tributaries of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana and Peru. Amazon manatees are exclusively herbivores, feeding on water lettuce and hyacinth. They feed mostly during the wet season, when there is plenty of new vegetation, storing the food in their fat reserves. When the dry season returns, manatees return to the main rivers, where they congregate. During this fasting period, they rely on their stored fat reserves until food becomes available again. The Amazon manatee once had a range throughout the Amazon River Basin – but because of persistent hunting for its meat and oil, it has become a rare sight. (WWF)

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his species belongs to the order Sirenia, of which only four species remain today. The other three manatee species are the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus), the West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis), and the dugong (Dugong dugon) , which inhabits coastal marine areas of the Indian and Pacific Ocean basins.

Dot -to- Dot The objective of the game is to fill all the blank squares in a game with the correct numbers. Every row of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order. Every column of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order. Every 3 by 3 subsection of the 9 by 9 square must include all digits 1 through 9.

Colouring Fun

FUN FACTS

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SOUND

ound comes from vibrations. The speed of sound is around 767 These vibrations create sound miles (1,230 kilometres) per hour. waves which move through mediums such as air and water before reaching our ears. The scientific study of sound waves is known as acoustics. When travelling through water, sound moves around four times faster than when it travels through air.

please see solution on page 22


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January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine 9 This huge snow castle was made for China’s Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival.

By Laurie Triefeldt

Snowmen Although people have likely been making snowmen since prehistoric times, the earliest known images of snowmen date back to the Middle Ages. By the Victorian era, the snowman had become a popular symbol of the holiday season. In the 1950s, Gene Autry’s hit song “Frosty the Snowman” made snowmen even more famous. Today, snowmen remain one of the most beloved and best-selling holiday icons, depicted in amazing variety on winter home decor. A typical European and North American snowman is made with three large snowballs. A carrot makes a good nose, and stones or chocolate cookies can replace the Victorian tradition of coal for eyes and buttons. Tree branches are sometimes added for arms. A hat and scarf complete the outfit. In Asia, snowmen are usually built with two snowballs. In Japan, snowmen are called “yuki daruma,” named after the round shape of the Daruma doll. Fluffy snow is not a good medium for making snowmen. The snow needs to be moist and suitable for packing. The snowballs are made simply by rolling them across the snow until the right size is reached, then loaded one on top of the other. Snow is heavy, so if the head is too big, it may be difficult to lift onto the body. Snow sculpture of a resting lion at the Québec Winter Carnival 2005

Since prehistoric times, people in extreme northern latitudes have been building habitats in snow and ice. Winter snow is a free and renewable resource and a good insulator, but in more temperate regions, the spring thaw will melt it away. At some point in time, people began to create artistic forms of snow and ice, from the simple snowman to elaborate castles and fanciful ice sculptures. Depending on the temperature of its environment, an ice sculpture can last hours or months.

The word “igloo” is from the Inuit word for “house.” In lands where trees are scarce and snow is plentiful, it makes good sense to build habitats of snow. Igloos are built from bricks of snow and have been constructed for thousands of years by people who live in the far north of Asia, Europe and Canada.

Inuit man In 1892, an ice sculpture of a swan was used to display a new dessert.

Located just outside Québec City, the Hôtel de Glace first opened in 2001. This hotel is generally open for guests and visitors from January until March.

Carving ice sculptures

Winter festivals

Before ice could be manufactured on a large scale, people harvested ice from lakes, rivers and flooded fields. The ice was cut it into blocks and stored. The Chinese were carving ice lanterns as early as the 1600s.

Montreal built ice palaces for its Winter Carnival every year between 1883 and 1889. Today, the city hosts several winter carnivals.

Today, carving art from ice is popular at winter carnivals and as decor for fancy parties and weddings. Modern carvers use power saws, grinders or even computerized lathes and routers to make their creations.

Snow sculpture A natural evolution of the simple snowman, snow sculpture tends to be more advanced, requiring a variety of hand tools such as shovels and saws. The sculptures are usually carved from a single, densely packed block of snow, usually 6 to 15 feet (1.8 to 4.5 m) high, but some have reached more than 600 feet (182 m) high. Many northern towns host winter festivals that include snow sculpting events where visitors can watch participants compete.

Snow appears to be white, but it is actually transparent. The crystals act like prisms — breaking up the light into the entire spectrum of color — ­ making the snow appear white, or sometimes blue.

Igloos

Snow sculptures at the Breckenridge International Snow Sculpture Championship begin as 10’ x 10’ x 12’, 20-ton blocks of compacted snow.

Québec City has hosted a winter carnival since 1894. It is one of the largest and longest-running winter carnivals in the world. St. Paul, Minn., has been building ice palaces since 1886. In 1897, Russia hosted the International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival. The Winter Carnival at Michigan Technological University began in 1922, and is one of the largest annual winter festivals in the United States. Japan’s Sapporo Snow Festival began in 1950 and today attracts millions. Started in 1963 as a winter garden party, the annual Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival has become the largest ice and snow festival in the world. For 40 years, Queenstown, New Zealand has been holding its Winterfestival in June. Since 1989, Fairbanks, Alaska, has hosted the annual World Ice Art Championships. The Breckenridge International Snow Sculpture Championships in Breckenridge, Colo., began in 1990. Zehnder’s Snowfest in Frankenmuth, Mich., has been held since 1992. According to the Guiness World Book of Records, the largest snow sculpture was built in 2007 for the Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival. This Olympic-themed landscape was constructed by a team of 600 sculptors from 40 different countries.

Snow forts and ice castles Snow forts, like snowmen, are usually made by children for imaginary fun. But there are always some who have to make things bigger and better. The SnowCastle of Kemi by the Gulf of Bothnia in Finland was first built in 1996. It was a gift from UNICEF and the town of Kemi to the children of the world. Reported to be the largest snow castle in the world, it has been rebuilt annually ever since. The area has varied from 42,650 to 65,616 square feet (13,000 to 20,000 square meters). The castle includes a snow stage, snow restaurant, snow hotel, snow chapel and a snow play land. The first documented ice palace was built in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was commissioned in 1740 by the Empress Anna Ivanovna as a cruel joke. She had the majestic ice house created as a stage for an elaborate wedding (which was forced upon a member of her court and a servant). The bride and groom were under guard and compelled to spend their wedding night in the frozen mansion. Many ice palaces and ice hotels have been built and rebuilt since. SOURCES: World Book Encyclopedia, World Book Inc.; The History of the Snowman by Bob Eckstein; www.icesculptingtools.com; www.wintercities.com; http://icecubicle.net; www.hoteldeglace; http://breckenridgeskirental.wordpress.com


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Designer Jason Shurland

odel and designer Meleesa Payne’s and designer Jason Shurland’s collaboration to produce a line of stylish clothing for men and women at Guyana Fashion Weekend 2013 proved to be one of the most fashionable highlights at the gala event. The collaborative effort produced a collection of chic ensemble perfect for any occasion- fashionable jackets, suits for men and women and dresses for every body type. “One of my recent collections, Beach Rise, under my label Expressions, was showcased at GFW 2013. I love working with colours, colour blocking and mix-matches. My swimsuits are comfortable and can fit any body type. I did some high waist cuts to include pregnant women and mothers, and I also have cuts to suit children. I am grateful to Ms Sonia Noel, GFW’s CEO, for allowing me the opportunity to showcase on the big stage twice now. I was also featured with Jason Shurland who is an amazing young man. He has a very creative mind, and together we designed jackets, dresses and pants for males and females. It was delightful experience,” Meleesa recalled in an interview with Guyana Times Sunday Magazine. For more information on the collection call 226-3099.

Designer Meleesa Payne


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Star Times Hollywood

Zachary Quinto Zachary Quinto is an American actor and film producer. Quinto grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and was active in high school musical theater. In early 2000, he guest starred in television series and appeared in a recurring role in the serial drama “24” from 2003 to 2004. In 2006, Quinto acted in the sitcom “So NoTORIous” and portrayed series antagonist Sylar in the science fiction drama “Heroes” from 2006 to 2010. He played Spock in the 2009 reboot “Star Trek”, and its 2013 sequel, “Star Trek Into Darkness”. He is also known for his roles in the FX horror anthology series “American Horror Story” (2011–2013).


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Times Hollywood Coroner says Paul Walker’s Porsche Justin Bieber, Selena Gomez topped more than 100 mph before crash reunite to ride Segways together

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he special edition 2005 Porsche Carrera GT that Fast & Furious star Paul Walker was riding in was traveling at over 100 mph when it swerved out of control, crashed and burst into flames, according to a new report. The report, issued Friday by the Los Angeles County Coroner just over a month after the Nov. 30 wreck claimed Walker, 40, and the driver, Roger Rodas, 38, confirms earlier, unofficial reports that speed was the main cause of the wreck on public streets in Santa Clarita, Calif. It also provides a detailed description of the crash. The report says the bodies were so badly burned that Rodas had to be identified through dental records, while Walker "cannot be positively identified visually."

Although friends of the two had said they suspected mechanical failure contributed to the crash because Rodas was a skilled racecar driver, the final report cites no such defect. "For unknown reasons, the driver lost control of his vehicle, and the vehicle partially spun around," says the report, which goes on to de-

scribe how the car struck a tree and then a light post, spun 180 degrees, hit another tree and then burst into flames. The site of the crash became a memorial for thousands of fans of the “Fast & Furious” star, who gathered at the site to light candles, leave flowers and write notes on a burned tree. (People)

Miley Cyrus denies ‘dissing’ Beyonce

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iley Cyrus laughed off the fake quotes of her dissing Beyonce Knowles and her music, and was intent on getting to the bottom of it. "That quote people MADE UP about Beyonce just made me lol!" the Miley tweeted Thursday, January 2. The quote supposedly came from her interview with Love magazine for its March 2014 issue. "Beyonce has been a big inspiration to me but she's been out for such a long time. She's so talented and I think she's at

the top of the game now but people are always looking for new blood and that's what I bring to the game now, new blood. I got the total package you know, the curves, the rhythm, and the voice. I'm just the best," Miley was quoted as saying. The 21-year-old singer allegedly took it even further with the diss, saying Beyonce's 2-year-old daughter Blue Ivy was a career downfall. "As Beyonce grows in motherhood and all the crap it does to your body, it will create a vacuum for fresh young faces to rise up

and no one else can properly fill that void right now. I got the total package, you know, the curves, the rhythm, and the voice. I'm just the best," she supposedly said. On her denial tweets, Miley said, "Imagine if I said I got 'the looks and the curves I'm just better!' Bahahahahaha. How are people allowed to make up s**t & then out quotes around it saying I said that s**t! WTF!!?!" She quickly added, "Don't worry. Getting 2 the bottom of this s**t. Making the liar retract the statement. U can cause ALOT of drama but NOT between me & B!" Love Magazine also confirmed that Miley did not say any of the words, tweeting "@MileyCyrus never said anything to us about Beyonce, the quotes were made up and we're trying to get to the bottom of where this came from." (AceShowbiz)

Jennifer Hudson buys her assistant a house for Christmas

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his “Dreamgirl” bought her assistant a dream house for Christmas! Jennifer Hudson posted an Instagram video on Tuesday, Dec. 31 that captured a very special moment between the singer and her assistant Walter Williams. "My assistant Walter's reaction when he found out I was buying him a house for Christmas!" the powerhouse vocalist wrote. In the amusing, amazing clip, Williams drops a stack of papers upon learning of Hudson's generous gift. He then flaps his hands and projects several high pitched screams from sheer excitement. The 32-year-old Oscar-winning actress, meanwhile, dressed in comfortable yoga pants, a tank top and black fedora, scrambles back toward the couches stunned by her assistant's reaction and is subsequently tackled by Williams. Her longtime employee proceeds to give her a big bear hug. Meanwhile, a large group of entertained guests, including Hudson's sister Julia, watch the gift-giving take place. The following day, the actress posted a picture via Instagram of herself, covered in powdery snow, with Williams in the background. "He dumped me in these snow yal!" wrote the star. "That damn Walter!!" The former Idol contestant and her long-

elena Gomez and Justin Bieber can't seem to stay away from each other. Just a few weeks after the "Heartbreaker" singer told Power 106 that he and his ex were "not talking," the two were spotted riding Segways near Bieber's Calabasas, Calif., home. The exes were photographed together for the first time in months on Thursday, Jan. 2. Gomez -- who recently canceled her Australian tour to "spend some time on [her] self" -- donned gray leggings, a white tank, and a big black coat for the outing, while her on-again, off-again beau sported black shorts, a white T-shirt, and a baseball cap. The 19-year-old pop star recently opened up about his relationship with the Spring Breakers actress during an interview with Power 106's Big Boy. Asked how his song "All That Matters" came about, Bieber admitted it was inspired by his ex. "'All That Matters' was written when I was in a great place in my relationship, and at that time, you know, she was all that mattered in my life," he explained. "I was definitely in love," he added. "[The breakup] affected us, especially when we are in front of so many people. It's such a public thing. It's just hard for the both of us. But, you know, she's a great woman. I love her to

this day...I think we're going to be the greatest friends." He noted, though, that they were taking a break from being in contact. "Right now, we're taking a little time and not talking," he told Big Boy of the 21-year-old singer, whom he dated on and off until last year. Gomez, for her part, has said it's been hard to close the door on her connection with the Canadian. "I've known him for a really long time, and we enjoy each other's company every now and then," she shared in August. "But I'm definitely single and enjoying being that." (US Magazine)

Prince William's return to school an ‘insult’ to upset Cambridge University students

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ome Cambridge University students are not-so-happy about their future famous classmate, Prince William. The school's newspaper The Tab, is quick to point out that the 31-year-old royal's marks from his A-level studies at Eton are not up to par with the university's standards. "The Tab must point out that normally students need A*AA at A-level to gain entry to Cambridge University, whilst the Prince only achieved a mediocre ABC," the writer Will Heilpern states. "Conveniently though for Will, he is the registered benefactor of the department he will be studying at." Melissa Berrill, who recently graduated from Cambridge, wrote about her frustration on the matter for The Guardian. The disgruntled former student says that the Duke of Cambridge's admission to her alma mater is "surprising" and she personally feels "ashamed." "I can no longer insist that 'it's not like the old days any more', because the heir to the throne is about to be let in for no other reason than who his father is," Berrill explains. "I can no longer claim that class has nothing to do with admissions, because the third-highest-ranking person in the country is being allowed to duck the entry require-

ments because he needs training to look after the Duchy of Cornwall—that is, preparation to be the second-highest-ranking person in the country," she adds. Berrill also expressed that William's future at Cambridge is simply put, an "insult." "It's an insult to every student whose A-levels and degree are the same or better than his, and who didn't get a free pass to Cambridge in spite of them," Berrill writes. "And it's an insult to everyone in the country who needs skills or training, and hasn't had a university course personally designed for them." Kensington Palace announced on Dec. 30. that Kate Middleton's husband will partake in a 10-week course in agricultural management organized by the Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership. The executive education program of seminars, lectures and meetings "will draw on the strengths of academics across the university" according to a palace press release. It will start in early January and run until mid-March. The course has been designed help provide Prince George's dad with "an understanding of contemporary issues affecting agricultural business and rural communities in the United Kingdom." (E! Online)

Demi Moore, new beau Sean Friday get cozy in Mexico

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time assistant have known each other since the sixth grade, when they were classmates at Yale Elementary in Chicago. Hudson told The Advocate in 2011 that Williams was her closest pal. "My assistant Walter is going to kill me for this, but whatever," she said. "Walter and I have been friends since sixth grade. He's by far my closest friend and my closest gay friend ever." He was especially present in the singer's life following the tragic death of Hudson's mom, brother and uncle, who were murdered back in 2008. (US Magazine)

t looks like Demi Moore has bagged herself another much-younger beau. The 51-year-old actress has been getting very close to 27-year-old tattooed drummer Sean Friday during their recent group vacation in Tulum, Mexico, E! News has learned. "Demi arrived in Tulum on Dec. 27 with her daughter Rumer [Willis] and a group of friends, including [Rumor's on-again boyfriend] Jayson Blair, Eric Buterbaugh and Sean Friday," and eyewitness tells E! News. "They stayed at Hotel Be Tulum in jungle suites, individual rooms on the beach with private pools in the sand. Each day, Demi hung out in the group and spent the day on the beach. She was with Sean from the beginning of the trip acting very affectionate and making it very obvious they are a couple." "Demi was very comfortable and happy spending every moment she could with Sean," the source continues. "The first day she went and got them towels and they laid down together on a beach bed and cuddled all day long. When they were sitting up, they put their arms around each other or she sat in his lap and whispered in his ear.

She was sipping a can of Red Bull and smiling at Sean as she sat with her arms around him and couldn't stop laughing." "She seemed so in love and happy," the source adds. "She loved the attention and seemed very confident." The eyewitness says Moore and Friday even had a "great time" building sand castles on the beach with a young boy during their tropical getaway before packing on the PDA during an ocean swim. In addition to going paddle boarding and ocean diving together, taking romantic walks and doing yoga, the new couple also "ate at Casa Violetta and Hardwood, and on New Year's Eve they went to a party on the beach," the source tells us. (E! Online)


Shama Sikander is an Indian actress and film producer who has appeared in numerous films, music videos and television programmes in English and Hindi. In addition to acting, Shama serves as the managing director of Chocolate Box Films India Pvt. Ltd, a Mumbai-India based film production company. Her television debut was in the popular Sony TV drama “Ye Meri Life Hai” (2003-2005). Shama’s performance earned her numerous nominations including The Indian Television Academy Awards’ GR8 Face of the Year (2004), The Indian Television Academy Awards’ Best Debut (2004), The 12th Annual Lion's Gold Awards’ Best Actress: Critics' Choice (2005) and Sony TV's Best Face award (2005). Fueled by the success of “Ye Meri Life Hai” and her subsequent performances, Sikander was seen in frequent guest appearances on various popular programmes including “Batliwala House No. 43” (2005), “C.I.D.” (Indian TV series 2006), “Jodee Kamaal Ki” (2007), “Kaajjal” (2008) and “Man Mein Hai Visshwas” (2009). She is currently working on a number of projects for her acting and film production careers.

Shama Sikander

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Star Times Bollywood

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14 Times Sunday Magazine

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Times Bollywood

John Abraham secretly marries girlfriend

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adras Cafe' actor John Abraham has secretly tied the knot with his girlfriend of three years Priya Runchal at a private ceremony in Los Angeles. The news was confirmed by the actor himself, who in a New Year message

on Twitter, added his surname Abraham to Priya. “Wishing you and your loved ones a blessed 2014! May this year bring you love, good fortune and joy. Love, John and Priya Abraham (@ TheJohnAbraham)” John Abraham, who was holidaying in the US with

Priya, is said to have tied the knot there with only family and close friends in attendance. John, who was in a very long relationship with Bipasha Basu for nine years, has talked about his marriage plans in his interviews earlier. He had said he is a very impulsive guy and could get married anytime. He met investment banker Priya in 2010 at a common gym where they both trained in Mumbai. Actress-singer Sophie Choudry took to Twitter to wish the newlyweds: "Congrats John Abraham... Wish you and Priya all the happiness in the world!! God bless... Lots of love." (Indian Express)

Kangana Ranaut ‘flattered’ by Aamir Khan

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angana Ranaut has said that it is flattering to be described as the sexiest woman in Bollywood by Aamir

Khan. The “Dhoom 3” star made the comment while appearing on Karan Johar's controversial chat show Koffee with Karan. ''I agree with [Aamir Khan]," Ranaut told Glamsham. "He is absolutely right. But honestly it is flattering because Mr Khan is somebody who I have always looked up to. I have always liked his working style and the kind of person he is. He is very intellectual

and honest.'' The “Krrish 3” star described what being sexy means to her. ''To be sexy for him I know what sexy for him must be," she added. "I presume he would probably like somebody who is selfmade, courageous or someone who has a voice of her own. And I would love to be that person. "I find his comments very encouraging and it motivates me to be myself and continue to do what I am doing for so long." The actress was reportedly considered for a role in Aamir's Ghajini; however, Jiah Khan was cast in her place. The 26-year-old clarified the reports, saying: "I didn't back out of Ghajini. I was never offered the role. "In fact there were some auditions going on and I was called by the agency and I don't know if the news reached Mr Khan or even if he was the concerned person. And the same person later called and said they have cast someone else. So it was that small a matter.'' Ranaut stars in the forthcoming heroinecentric film “Queen” with Rajkummar Rao and Lisa Haydon. The film is scheduled for release on February 28. (Digital Spy)

Govinda joins hands with police for a social cause

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oday, as part of the Run for Safe Pune campaign, actor Govinda lends his support to the Pune Police. The event, which is an initiative of the Pune Police, will see the actor flag off the race from the Police Ground on FC Road. When contacted, Govinda said, "It's a sacred place for me. And the work the Pune Police is doing to assure a safe city, is a great thing. I haven't been a part of a social event in a very long time, and this is a great initiative." Govinda, who recently turned producer and will also be seen playing a cop in his upcoming film “Abhinay Chakra”, shared that he will take some tips from the police when he is in the city. Apart from the marathon, the Pune police have also initiated various activities for Puneites. Dr Suresh Kumar Mekala, additional commissioner (north region), shared, "The programme kick started with inviting college and school students to police stations, to understand how the department works. It's a step to give the youth a better understanding and also to take out the fear of the cops and make the whole process more approachable. We conducted sessions where they were informed about how to file an FIR

etc. We also have various activities planned during the week. On January 4, a seminar on women safety will be conducted at Bal Gandharva." Mekala further added, "The race today will be flagged off by actors Govinda and Mahima Chaudhary. We look forward to Pune participating in it." (Times of India)

‘Happy New Year’ releases first poster

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he first poster for “Happy New Year” has been released. Described as a musical heist, the poster features a glossy image of the film's ensemble cast, comprising Shah Rukh Khan, Abhishek Bachchan, Deepika Padukone,

Sonu Sood, Vivaan Shah and Boman Irani standing in the opening of a bank vault. Director Farah Khan said: "My dream project ‘Happy New Year’ takes another step towards realisation with the first poster being launched today. "I believe in cinema that entertains and with a dream cast like this we hope it will be the most entertaining film of the year. "Shah Rukh and I have had a dream partnership always and with this our third collaboration we hope it will be a very Happy New Year indeed!" The film's promotion has involved a unique global social media campaign, with Twitter users receiving a personalised poster signed by the actor of their choice and addressed to the fan by name in the star's own writing. Shah Rukh Khan said that he was happy that, as people around the world rang in the New Year, they would be saying the name of his film. “Happy New Year” will release in October 2014 ahead of Diwali. (Digital Spy)

Sussanne Roshan denies divorce settlement reports

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ussanne Roshan has said that reports of monetary settlement in her divorce from Hrithik Roshan are false. Issuing statements to the press, the couple recently announced they had separated after 17 years together. Sussanne said in a statement: "I was deeply disappointed when I read today's [December 28] article titled 'Sussanne and Hrithik Roshan divorce: Rs 100 crore settlement?'. "There is no element of truth in the news and it is entirely speculative. It is unethical to publish false news and speculate on the private relationships of individuals." The former couple was childhood sweethearts and

dated for four years before finally getting married on December 20, 2000. Sussanne has said that they still respect each other and share the responsibility for their children

Hrehaan and Hridhaan. They were seen together for the first time since announcing the separation at a function at their children's school. (Digital Spy)

Abhishek Bachchan: 'Dad is my biggest critic'

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bhishek Bachchan has said his father Amitabh is his biggest critic. The actor, who has found success as part of the longrunning “Dhoom” franchise, said he welcomes his father's critiques of his work. Speaking to DNA India, he explained: "My mother is biased because she is my mum but my biggest critic would be my father as he has the ability to break down my performance and explain what he liked and didn't like. He also tells me where he feels there's room for improvement and I love that." The 37-year-old actor reprises his role as ACP Jai Dixit in “Dhoom 3”, which also stars Aamir Khan, Uday Chopra and Katrina Kaif. After working with actor Aamir Khan for the first time, and currently being in the process of shooting “Happy New Year” with Shah Rukh Khan, Bachchan said he couldn't compare the two stars.

"Both are unique," he explained. "Both have individual qualities, are individuals in their own right and masters in what they do. It's unfair to compare them with the same yardstick. I love and respect both. "Every actor has their individual process of working and won't do things other actors do. With Aamir I learned how to listen the way he does. He is open to other people's ideas and give everybody a fair chance. With Shah Rukh I learned a new meaning of enthusiasm.

His enthusiasm, humility and dedication towards his job." Abhishek, who has a daughter with wife Aishwarya, also said Aaradhya doesn't watch her father in the movies. "Aaradhya is too young to watch any films. Of course she recognises me when I come on TV but she does that with any member of the family. Right now she watches only cartoons. My daughter is too young to be watching films." (DNA India)


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January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine

15

Times Healthy Living

Health and wellness

Study: Modern Diet Rotting Teeth

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he team of researchers from the University of Adelaides’ Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD) has studied how our evolving diet over the last 7,500 years has impacted the health and condition of our teeth. Their findings have shown that the teeth of modern man contain a less diverse range of bacteria than the teeth of their ancestral counterparts. Researchers took the DNA from tartar from 34 prehistoric northern European human skeletons and studied the changes

in the nature of the oral bacteria from the hunter-gatherers, the first farmers, the people living in the Middle Ages and the modern man. Genetic analysis of plaque, as noted by Dr. Christina Adler, ” is the only easily accessible source of preserved human bacteria” and can help researchers develop a record of the evolving diet. After 20 years of research the results of the study showed that the makeup of oral bacteria altered significantly with the introduction of farming and then again

Researchers have discovered that DNA-preserved bacteria on the teeth of ancient human skeletons are far more diverse than the bacteria found on human teeth today, and the modern diet may be to blame.

approximately 150 years ago after the introduction of processed foods and sugar. Professor Alan Cooper, director of the University of Adelaide’s Centre for Ancient DNA concluded that the modern mouth “basically exists in a permanent disease state” because of the “dramatically decreased diversity” of bacteria found. The research team is now looking at the ancient teeth bacteria of the Neanderthals to see how they measure up to the current findings. (Health America News)

Positive Lifestyle Change May Reverse Aging in Cells

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ifestyle changes may turn back the biological clock, and reverse aging on a cellular level, new evidence shows. In a pilot study, researchers found that men who ate a better diet, exercised moderately and led a less stressful lifestyle over a few years, had an increase in the length of their telomeres — the caps at the ends of chromosomes that protect them from deterioration. Telomeres get shorter each time cells divide. When they have shrunk to a certain length, a cell may die or stop dividing. In the study, 10 men were asked to adopt a plant-based diet, do moderate exercise and stress-reducing activities such as meditation and yoga. They participated in weekly group meetings, as a way to promote social support. Another group of 25 men were not asked to make any changes to their lifestyle, and served as the control group. The researchers measured the length of the telomeres in the participants' white blood cells at the start of the study, and again after five years. In the group who made lifestyle changes, telomere length increased significantly, by an average of 10 percent, but in the control group, telomere shortened by an av-

erage of 3 percent, according to the study published Sept. 16 in the journal Lancet Oncology. Telomeres are often likened to the plastic tips at the end of shoelaces that keeps them from unravelling. It was recently discovered that telomeres can lengthen too, and delay cells' aging. "A number of studies have shown that as telomeres get shorter, the risk of premature death — and most chronic disease, from heart disease to cancer, even dementia — goes up," said study researcher Dr. Dean Ornish, clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. "So as our telomeres get shorter, in a sense, our lives get shorter," Ornish told LiveScience. "This is the first study showing that lifestyle changes may actually increase the length of telomeres." The discovery of telomere function in cell aging, along with the enzyme that builds telomeres won the 2009 Nobel Prize in medicine for three scientists, including Elizabeth Blackburn, also of UCSF, who also worked on the new study. Exactly how lifestyle changes may affect telomere length is not known, the researchers said. Telomere length is controlled by

multiple mechanisms, including the activity of its enzyme, telomerase. It is thought that higher telomerase activity increases telomeres length. But the researchers didn't find an increase in the enzyme in this study, and didn't test for other possible mechanisms. All men in the study were diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer, and had decided not to undergo conventional treatments with surgery or radiation. However, the study was not designed to detect the effects of lifestyle changes on the participants' prostate cancer, the researchers said. It is likely that the findings about lifestyle changes extend to other groups of people as well, they said. "The implications of these findings in all likelihood extend to all men, not just those with prostate cancer, as well as to women," Ornish said. The results also showed a clear trend: the more positive changes the participants made to their lifestyles, the greater the increase in their telomere length. The number of participants was too small to prove a cause and effect relation-

ship, the researchers said. However, despite the small size of the study, the difference between groups was highly significant, they said. Larger trials are needed to see whether lifestyle changes could significantly reduce people's risk of dying early, and contracting chronic diseases, Ornish said. (LiveScience)

Researchers Find 'Biological signal' of Suicide Risk in Blood I

ndiana University School of Medicine researchers have found a series of RNA biomarkers in blood that may help identify who is at risk for committing suicide. In a study reported Aug. 20 in the advance online edition of the Nature Publishing Group journal Molecular Psychiatry, the researchers said the biomarkers were found at significantly higher levels in the blood of both bipolar disorder patients with thoughts of suicide as well in a group of people who had committed suicide. Principal investigator Alexander B. Niculescu III, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of psychiatry and medical neuroscience at the IU School of Medicine and attending psychiatrist and research and development investigator at the Richard L. Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Centre in Indianapolis, said he believes the results provide a first "proof of principle" for a test that could provide an early warning of somebody being at higher risk for an impulsive suicide act. "Suicide is a big prob-

Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have found a series of RNA biomarkers in blood that may help identify who is at risk for committing suicide

lem in psychiatry. It's a big problem in the civilian realm, it's a big problem in the military realm and there are no objective markers," said Dr. Niculescu, director of the Laboratory of Neurophenomics at the Institute of Psychiatric Research at the IU School of Medicine. "There are people who will not reveal they are hav-

ing suicidal thoughts when you ask them, who then commit it and there's nothing you can do about it. We need better ways to identify, intervene and prevent these tragic cases," he said. Over a three-year period, Niculescu and his colleagues followed a large group of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder, completing interviews and taking blood

samples every three to six months. The researchers conducted a variety of analyses of the blood of a subset of participants who reported a dramatic shift from no suicidal thoughts to strong suicidal ideation. They identified differences in gene expression between the "low" and "high" states of suicidal thoughts and subjected those findings to a system of genetic and genomic analysis called Convergent Functional Genomics that identified and prioritized the best markers by crossvalidation with other lines of evidence. The researchers found that the marker SAT1 and a series of other markers provided the strongest biological "signal" associated with suicidal thoughts. Next, to validate their findings, working with the local coroner's office, they analyzed blood samples from suicide victims and found that some of same top markers were significantly elevated. Finally, the researchers analyzed blood test results from two additional groups of patients and found that

high blood levels of the biomarkers were correlated with future suicide-related hospitalizations, as well as hospitalizations that had occurred before the blood tests. "This suggests that these markers reflect more than just a current state of high risk, but could be trait markers that correlate with long term risk," said Dr. Niculescu. Although confident in the biomarkers validity, Dr. Niculescu noted that a limitation is that the research subjects were all male. "There could be gender differences," he said. "We would also like to conduct more extensive, normative studies, in the population at large." In addition to extending the research to females to see if the same or other markers come into play, Dr. Niculescu and colleagues plan to conduct research among other groups, such as persons who have less impulsive, more deliberate and planned subtypes of suicide. Nonetheless, Dr. Niculescu said, "These seem to be good markers for sui-

cidal behaviour in males who have bipolar mood disorders or males in the general population who commit impulsive violent suicide. In the future we want to study and assemble clinical and socio-demographic risk factors, along with our blood tests, to increase our ability to predict risk. "Suicide is complex: in addition to psychiatric and addiction issues that make people more vulnerable, there are existential issues related to lack of satisfaction with one's life, lack of hope for the future, not feeling needed, and cultural factors that make suicide seem like an option." He said he hopes such biomarkers, along with other tools, including neuropsychological tests and socio-demographic checklists currently in development by his group, ultimately can help identify people who are at risk, leading to pre-emptive intervention, counselling, and saved lives. "Over a million people each year world-wide die from suicide and this is a preventable tragedy." (eurekalert.org)


16 Times Sunday Magazine

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January 5, 2014

Times Home & Cooking

Avoiding Kitchen Design Mistakes

Three reputable designers share advice in House Beautiful about some dos and don’ts of kitchen design Do: Bring cabinets up to the ceiling. Don't: Have cabinets that fall short of the ceiling. "They collect dust and un-needed accessories," designer Joan Schindler says. In this kitchen, cabinets are full height and create the maximum amount of storage, while glass fronts keep the space feeling airy

Chicken Caesar salad boats Ingredients 2 cups chicken stock 1 lemon, sliced 2 bay leaves 500g chicken breast fillets, trimmed

2 teaspoons olive oil 175g rindless shortcut bacon, finely chopped 24 small lettuce leaves 1/2 cup Caesar salad dressing 75g parmesan cheese, thinly shaved

Method Combine stock, lemon and bay leaves in a deep frying pan. Bring to a simmer over medium heat. Add chicken. Cover. Simmer, turning occasionally, for 10 to 12 minutes or until chicken is just cooked through. Transfer chicken to a plate. Allow to cool. Cover and refrigerate until cold. Discard stock and wipe pan clean. Heat oil in pan over medium-high heat. Add bacon and cook, stirring, for 4 minutes or until crisp. Transfer to a plate lined with paper towel to cool. Meanwhile, wash lettuce. Dry well and place in a loose-fitting plastic bag. Refrigerate until ready to serve.

Finely chop chicken. Place in a large bowl. Add Caesar dressing and bacon. Toss to combine. Spoon onto lettuce leaves. Top with parmesan. Arrange on a plate. Season with salt and pepper. Serve. (Makes 24)

Barbecued prawns with honey and ginger mayonnaise Ingredients

2 tbs olive oil 5cm-piece lemon grass, pale-section only, finely chopped 3 lime leaves, finely shredded 1 1/2 tbs fresh lime juice 2 tsp fish sauce

1 tsp caster sugar 24 (about 650g) green king prawns, peeled leaving tails intact Honey & ginger mayonnaise 190g (2/4 cup) Whole Egg Mayonnaise 2 tsp honey 5cm-piece ginger, peeled, finely grated 2 tbs finely chopped fresh coriander

Method Whisk together the oil, lemon grass, lime leaves, lime juice, fish sauce and sugar in a small bowl. Place the prawns in a shallow glass or ceramic dish and pour over the lemon grass mixture. Cover with plastic wrap and place in the fridge for 30 minutes to develop the flavours. Meanwhile, to make the honey and ginger mayonnaise, combine the mayonnaise, honey, ginger and coriander in a bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and place in the fridge until ready to serve. Preheat a barbecue or chargrill pan on high. Drain the prawns from the marinade.

Do: Make a small kitchen work for you. Don't: Think bigger is always better. "A welldesigned kitchen with high-quality materials and thoughtful details can make even the smallest space suit you perfectly," designer Tish Key says. In this compact kitchen, an island can be easily moved around to where it's needed most

Greatest Cooking Tips

B Do: Invest in strong and goodlooking cabinets. Don't: Skimp on poor-quality. "Think about it — you're opening and closing those doors and drawers all the time. Get something strong and good-looking. Hardwoods, a good finish, and strong hinges are essential," kitchen designer Beverly Ellsley says.

Cook on preheated grill, turning occasionally, for 3 minutes or until prawns begin to curl and change colour. Transfer to a serving platter. Serve immediately with the honey and ginger mayonnaise. (4 servings)

efore pouring milk into a pot for boiling rub butter along the top edge and inside lip of the pot. When the milk foams up, it will stop over spilling when it hits the butter. Muffins will slide right out of tin pans if the hot pan is first placed on a wet towel. Add a few drops of lemon juice while preparing sugar syrup. The impurities will collect on the surface of the syrup, which you can then remove. While sautĂŠing vegetables or any meat dish add a small amount of sugar, honey or any fruit juice near the end of the cooking time. This gives glaze, additional flavour and a golden sheen to the finished dish.

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Home Help

hen drilling your wall, fold a post-it note sheet and stick it under the area to drill. The dust will fall right in for an easier clean up. Want grilled cheese but only have a toaster? Just flip the toaster on its

side. Boil orange peel and cloves to get rid of unpleasant smells in the kitchen. Create a thrifty watering can by puncturing holes in the top of a large used plastic bottle.


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January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine 17

Times Sunday Puzzle

If you fill a 5 gallon bucket with cold water and another 5 gallon bucket with hot water, which bucket will be heavier? see solution on page 22

see solution on page 22

see solution on page 22


18 Times Sunday Magazine

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January 5, 2014

Times Creative Writing

Essays of Life

The Story of Johnny Head-in-the-Air As he trudged along to school, It was always Johnny's rule To be looking at the sky And the clouds that floated by; But what just before him lay, In his way, Johnny never thought about; So that everyone cried out, "Look at little Johnny there, Little Johnny Head-in-Air!" By Sr. Shamane Hassad

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love Fridays. Muslims call it the Eid of the week. Men shave, take baths, put on long clean kurtas and jubs, and sweet smelling perfumes, and go to the Jumah prayers at midday. Then they go home to their sweet-smelling wives who likewise cleaned up and put on clean attractive apparel and made nice things to eat. For the children, Friday marks the beginning of the weekend away from school. For many others, Friday is the end of the work week and as the song ‘Thank God It’s Friday’ says, “Hey! Put a smile on your face...” I remember one Friday not long ago. A young friend of mine was smiling early in the work morning. I had to comment and enquire and he was eager to tell that he was happy. “I got a few texts this morning after a long time.” He heard from his girl who lives overseas. I smiled as I looked at his happiness. Young love! It thrives with the use of the cell phone. For a small price, a few text messages can comfort someone’s heart. Good love is a beautiful thing and sometimes it just happens. About 12 years ago on an Old Year’s night my unmarried, overthirty brother sat looking at the festivities on the TV at home. We joked about him being at home without his friends and then he casually asked, “Do you know any single girls?” Earlier that day I had spoken to a girlfriend who was staying with her cousin who was single so I quickly replied, “Sure, I know someone.” He did not believe me so I called my friend and asked

to speak with the cousin. Her voice was nice and then I took the phone to my brother and watched to see him fumble and apologize and let the girl off gently. He was angry but he took the phone and went to his room. That was at 8.30 that night. I cleaned up until the New Years countdown began on the TV. I watched the people hugging and kissing and blowing noise makers and balloons. It was a New Year. Hooray! It was time for me to get some sleep. I saw the light on in my brother’s room so I knocked and he yelled, “Come in”. He was laughing and still on the phone with the same person. Today they have two smart kids and a nice home and that sister-in-law is a very good cook. (Love you Mubs). Love does not come the same to everyone. Some are blessed to find it young and it lasts and grows throughout a good marriage like my aunty Van and uncle Amin. Others make several attempts but they get there. The majority of us either give up trying and waiting and accept what we have or still hope that someone would come with whom we can share all that the heart has been storing. History teaches us much about different love stories. Helen of Troy was the “face that launched a thousand ships”, as her betrothed husband and the Greek men began the Trojan War to get her back from her abductors. Shah Jahan spent 20 years building the white marble wonder of the world over the grave of his beloved third wife, the Persian Princess, Muntaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal still stands. The Prophet Moses/Musa agreed to work the land of Shuaib for 8-10 years for the hand of his daughter Safura.

We cannot force love. It is a divine condition and only God, the Master of Love can decide who gets our smiles and who returns it. Sometimes we love those who don’t love us and some of us are just not happy together. The ways and trials and meanderings of love are not simple. It helps to have clear communication. Feelings and intentions should be known before hearts get hurt or too hopeful. Words of good love songs can express how we feel: It has been rainy and dark and cosy and cool and many are getting home early and making plans, “in the name of love”. Be careful and cautious and don’t, “blame it on the rain…” Every lover wants to know, “Do you love me with all your heart, Do you worry when we’re apart….” So please, “Answer me Oh my love….” because, “I want to stand with you on a mountain”, “All I need is the air that I breathe and to love you”, and “wherever you go whatever you do I’ll be right here waiting for you”, so, “save the last dance for me” and “baby, you don’t know what it’s like, baby you don’t know, what it’s like, to love somebody… the way I love you.” “I say a little prayer for you.....” Hope you had fun with that and you were able to recognize all the songs. It’s the holiday. It’s redecorating and baking and cooking and gifting and family time. Pick up your partner and hold her close even if there is no record or CD on and “dance”, “in the name of love”. Take time out to make new memories. Sweet, clean honest, heart to heart, old time love. “It’s not too late, not while we’re living…” Take care and God bless. Love to All.

Running just in Johnny's way Came a little dog one day; Johnny's eyes were still astray Up on high, In the sky; And he never heard them cry "Johnny, mind, the dog is nigh!" Bump! Dump! Down they fell, with such a thump, Dog and Johnny in a lump! Once, with head as high as ever, Johnny walked beside the river. Johnny watched the swallows trying Which was cleverest at flying. Oh! What fun! Johnny watched the bright round sun Going in and coming out; This was all he thought about. So he strode on, only think! To the river's very brink, Where the bank was and steep, And the water very deep; And the fishes, in a row,

Stared to see him coming so. One step more! Oh! Sad to tell! Headlong in poor Johnny fell. And the fishes, in dismay, Wagged their tails and swam away. There lay Johnny on his face, With his nice red writing-case; But, as they were passing by, Two strong men had heard him cry; And, with sticks, these two strong men Hooked poor Johnny out again. Oh! You should have seen him shiver When they pulled him from the river. He was in a sorry plight, Dripping wet, and such a fright! Wet all over, everywhere, Clothes, and arms, and face, and hair: Johnny never will forget What it is to be so wet. And the fishes, one, two, three, Are come back again, you see; Up they came the moment after, To enjoy the fun and laughter. Each popped out his little head, And, to tease poor Johnny, said "Silly little Johnny, look, You have lost your writing-book!" Heinrich Hoffman

Morning Song Love set you going like a fat gold watch. The midwife slapped your footsoles, and your bald cry Took its place among the elements. Our voices echo, magnifying your arrival. New statue. In a drafty museum, your nakedness Shadows our safety. We stand round blankly as walls. I'm no more your mother Than the cloud that distills a mirror to reflect its own slow Effacement at the wind's hand.

All night your moth-breath Flickers among the flat pink roses. I wake to listen: A far sea moves in my ear. One cry, and I stumble from bed, cow-heavy and floral In my Victorian nightgown. Your mouth opens clean as a cat's. The window square Whitens and swallows its dull stars. And now you try Your handful of notes; The clear vowels rise like balloons.

Sylvia Plath

Send your creative writing to sundaymagazine@guyanatimesgy.com


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January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine19

Times World

Ancient Spider Rock Art Sparks Archaeological Mystery

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Africa's most beautiful women on the pages of Glitz Africa

eading African fashion and lifestyle magazine, Glitz Africa unveiled its 2013 Fashionista issue in December, with "Big Brother Africa" stars Babalwa “Barbz” Mneno, Vimbai Mutinhiri and Zainab Sheriff on the cover. Inside the issue, they profiled their “20 Most Beautiful Women in Africa”, which also included the trio. In no particular order, the list included Leila Lopes (Angola), Vimbai Mutinhiri (Zimbabwe),Oluchi Orlandi (Nigeria), Yvonne Nelson (Ghana), Dillish Mathews (Namibia), Agbani Darego (Nigeria), Tiwa Savage (Nigeria), Stephanie Linus (Nigeria), Genevieve Nnaji (Nigeria), Joselyn Dumas (Ghana), Yvonne Okoro (Ghana), Jackie Appiah (Ghana), Millen Magese (Tanzania), Omotola JaladeEkeinde (Nigeria), Zainab Sheriff (Sierra Leone), Naa Okailey Shooter (Ghana), Nadia Buari (Ghana), Lerato “Lira” Molapo (South Africa), Babalwa “Barbz” Mneno (South Africa) and Elham Wagdi (Egypt). (Source: Bella Naija)

rchaeologists have discovered a The secret to solving the mystery may panel containing the only known lie more in the western desert itself. Ikram example of spider rock art in Egypt consulted with Hisham El-Hennawy, an and, it appears, the entire Old World. arachnologist who mentioned spiders The rock panel, now in two pieces, was called Argiope lobata living in the westfound on the west wall of a shallow sand- ern and eastern deserts may have attractstone wadi, or valley, in the Kharga Oasis, ed the interest of ancient people. These located in Egypt's western desert about spiders can be found "shaded and surviv108 miles (175 kilometres) west of Luxor. ing, in the middle of their orb web under Facing east, and illuminated by the morn- the burning sun at Noon," Ikram writes. ing sun, the panel is a "very unusual" find, The idea of spiders bathing in the sun said Egyptologist Salima Ikram, a profes- may hold religious significance to ancient sor at the American University in Cairo people in the area. "This would combine who co-directs the North Kharga Oasis the force of the sun and the ability of this Survey Project. solar creature to survive its heat successThe identification of the creatures as fully, and thus be worthy of reverence spiders is tentative and the date of it un- or totemic allegiance," she writes in the certain, Ikram told LiveScience in an email. Even so, based on other activity in the area, the rock art may date to about 4000 B.C. or earlier, which would put it well into prehistoric times, before Egypt was unified, noted Ikram, who detailed the finding in the most recent edition of the journal Sahara. The main panel shows what appear to be a few spiders, with a "star" that's possibly meant to depict a web next to the spider on the far left. There are also comb-like This broken panel depicts the only known drawings that are more enigmatic; example of spider rock art in Egypt and, Ikram said they could be insects beit appears, the entire Old World. ing trapped by the spiders, plants or even silken tubes spun by the spiders. Sahara article. A piece of rock that appears to have In addition, some spiders in Egypt been broken off the main panel depicts are known to bite people and pose a dancreatures drawn in a different style, their ger, something that may have attracted limbs not flexed, but rather have a flat ancient interest, and hence, the creepyappearance. This could be an attempt crawly rock art, Ikram said. It's also posto portray a harvestman, an insect that sible that spiders were more prevalent in looks like a spider. the oasis in the past, something the enviThe discovery leaves archaeologists ronmental research her team is conductwith a mystery — why did people in the ing may shed light on. Another possibilKharga Oasis create rock art showing spi- ity is that whoever drew these depictions ders, especially when no other examples didn't have a special reason in mind but are known to exist elsewhere in Egypt or, just felt, for whatever reason, like trying it appears, the entire Old World? to draw spiders. Spiders are of interest for several cultures around the world, she Why spiders? There is little evidence the ancient noted. Whatever the reasons were for creatEgyptians had much interest in drawing spiders. The only spider hieroglyphs ing the spider rock art, the ancient people that Ikram knows of are rare examples of the oasis left something unique behind, from "religious texts dealing with the so- in a creepy-crawly way. These "images are called 'Opening of the Mouth' ritual, a rite noteworthy if they are indeed spiders, as that was performed on the mummy or a these would be unique depictions of such statue to restore its senses for use in the creatures in Old World rock art," writes Ikram. (Discovery News, Dec 22) Hereafter."


20 Times Sunday Magazine

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January 5, 2014

Times Tech

F

ibre optic cable is one of the fastest-growing transmission mediums for new cabling installations and upgrades, including backbone, horizontal, and even desktop applications. Fibre offers a number of advantages over copper.

formance up to 10 Gbps. While not currently a standard, these speeds could become a reality in future proposals and ratifications. Keep in mind that fibre speeds are dependent on the type of cable used. Singlemode cable offers far greater distance than either 62.5- or

1. Greater bandwidth Fibre provides far greater bandwidth than copper and has standardized per-

50-micron multimode cable. In addition, fibre optic cable can carry more information with greater fidelity than

Tech news

Apple denies knowledge of NSA hacking iPhones

The National Security Agency headquarters in Fort Meade, Maryland

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copper wire. That’s why telephone and CATV companies are converting to fibre. 2. Low attenuation and greater distance Because the fibre optic signal is made of light, very little signal loss occurs during transmission, and data can move at higher speeds and greater distances. Fibre does not have the 100-meter (9328-ft.) distance limitation of unshielded twisted pair copper (without a booster). Fibre distances can range from 300 meters (984.2 ft.) to 40 kilometres (24.8 mi.), depending on the style of cable, wavelength, and network. Because fibre signals need less boosting than copper ones do, the cable performs better. 3. Security Your data is safe with fibre cable. It doesn’t radiate signals and is extremely difficult to tap. If the cable is tapped, it’s very easy to monitor because the cable leaks light, causing the entire system to fail. If an attempt is made to break the physical security of your fibre system, you’ll know it. Fibre networks also enable you to put all your electronics and hardware in one central location, instead of

pple on Tuesday denied any involvement in the U.S. National Security agency's alleged efforts to hack into and monitor iPhones. Responding to a report by Germany's Der Spiegel magazine this week that the NSA was able to use a program called "Dropout Jeep" to infiltrate a number of computing devices, including the iPhone, Apple has joined other tech giants like Google and Cisco in insisting it never worked with the agency and was unaware of efforts to target its products. The Der Speigel report included a leaked NSA graphic from 2008 that laid out the program being developed, referring to it as a "software implant" that allows infiltrators to retrieve data from iPhones such as contact lists and to even turn on and use the device's microphone and camera. It's unclear where Der Spiegel obtained the information, although the magazine has worked in the past with NSA leaker Edward Snowden. The report comes at a sensitive time for Apple, which earlier this month announced a deal to sell iPhones on China Mobile's network, giving the Cupertino tech giant a significant presence in the world's largest mobile market. China Mobile has more than

700 million customers, and any suggestion that the iPhone could be vulnerable to U.S. government break-ins could present huge problems for Apple. According to the leaked documents, shared publicly by Der Spiegel and security researcher Jacob Appelbaum, the NSA's program lets the agency do a wide range of things on someone's iPhone, including reading text messages and personal contacts. The NSA, says the report, claims a 100 percent success rate when it comes to implanting iOS devices with spyware. "Either [the NSA] have a huge collection of exploits that work against Apple products, meaning they are hoarding information about critical systems that American companies produce, and sabotaging them, or Apple sabotaged it themselves," Appelbaum said at the Chaos Communication Conference in Hamburg, Germany. Apple vigorously denied any involvement, saying it "has never worked with the NSA to create a backdoor in any of our products, including iPhone." Some news reports pointed out that the NSA graphic was dated, and said the information suggested that installation of malware to gain access to an iPhone could be done only if the NSA had possession of the phone. The report said the NSA was working on a way to implant the software using a remote method, but it's unclear how much progress the agency has made on that front. Apple said it will "continue to use our resources to stay ahead of malicious hackers and defend our customers from security attacks, regardless of who's behind them." (Mercury News)

having wiring closets with equipment throughout the building. 4. Immunity and reliability Fibre provides extremely reliable data transmission. It’s completely immune to many environmental factors that affect copper cable. The core is made of glass, which is an insulator, so no electric current can flow through. It’s immune to electrometric interference and radiofrequency interference (EM/ RFI), crosstalk, impedance problems, and more. You can run fibre cable next to industrial equipment without worry. Fibre is also less susceptible to temperature fluctuations than copper and can be submerged in water. 5. Design Fibre is lightweight, thin, and more durable than copper cable. Plus, fibre optic cable has pulling specifications that are up to 10 times greater than copper cable’s. Its small size makes it easier to handle, and it takes up much less space in cabling ducts. Although fibre is still more difficult to terminate than copper, advancements in connectors are making termination easier. In addition, fibre is actually easier

Tech Byte

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to test than copper cable. 6. Migration The proliferation and lower costs of media converters are making copper to fibre migration much easier. The converters provide seamless links and enable the use of existing hardware. Fibre can be incorporated into network in planned upgrades. 7. Standards TIA/EIA-785, ratified in 2001, provides a cost-effective migration path from 10-Mbps Ethernet to 100Mbps Fast Ethernet over fibre (100BASE-SX). An addendum to the standard eliminates limitations in transceiver designs. In addition, in June 2002, the

IEEE approved a 10-Gigabit Ethernet (10-GbE) standard. 8. Cost The cost for fibre cable, components, and hardware is steadily decreasing. Installation costs for fibre are higher than copper because of the skill needed for terminations. Overall, fibre is more expensive than copper in the short run, but it may actually be less expensive in the long run. Fibre typically costs less to maintain, has less much less downtime, and requires less networking hardware. And fibre eliminates the need to re-cable for higher network performance. (Information provided by Global Tech)

Mars One reduces applicant colonists to 1058

nd then there were 1,058. Mars One, “However, the challenge with 200,000 apthe non-profit organization that plicants is separating those who we feel are wants to send colonists on a one- physically and mentally adept to become way lifetime trip to Mars, announced on human ambassadors on Mars from those Monday that it has narrowed its applicant who are obviously taking the mission much pool down from 200,000 people to just over less seriously. We even had a couple of apa thousand. The applicants were notified plicants submit their videos in the nude!” According to Norbert Kraft, M.D., Chief by email and Mars One says that the next selection phase in 2014 will reduce the pool Medical Officer of Mars One and recipistill further in the search for the first set- ent of the 2013 NASA Group Achievement tlers to go to the Red Planet in 2025. Award, the next phase of selection will be At first glance, the Mars One proposition seems like a 21st century take on Dr Samuel Johnson’s opinion of travelling by ship: It’s like being in a jail, with the chance of dying by explosive decompression. However, within two weeks of applications Concept of colonists’ residences on Mars opening in April 2012, over 78,000 people applied to settle on Mars more rigorous, though the details will dewithout a chance of returning to Earth. pend on negotiations with media compaThough the applications never reached the nies involved in the venture. “The next anticipated half million mark, 200,000 did several selection phases in 2014 and 2015 put their names in by the August 2013 cut- will include rigorous simulations, many in team settings, with focus on testing the off. The 1,058 remaining applicants were physical and emotional capabilities of our selected based on criteria that included remaining candidates. We expect to begin health, psychological and emotional sta- understanding what is motivating our canbility, resilience, adaptability, curiosity, didates to take this giant leap for humanability to trust, creativity, and resource- kind. This is where it really gets exciting fulness. In a press release, Mars One says for Mars One, our applicants, and the comthat those applicants who did not make the munities they’re a part of.” cut may reapply at a later date, which is In addition to the colonist selection, yet to be announced. Mars One recently announced that it is de“We’re extremely appreciative and im- veloping a Mars lander and orbiter as the pressed with the sheer number of peo- vanguard to select a settlement area and ple who submitted their applications,” prepare it in anticipation of the first arrivsays Mars One founder Bas Lansdorp. als scheduled for 2025. (GIZMAG)


guyanatimesgy.com

January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine 21

Times Art

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n an interview with Guyana Times Sunday Magazine, artist Aiesha Scotland recalled how she developed an interest in art: “after watching the drama crime series NCIS and CSI where a victim would describe their perpetrator to a sketch artist who would visually represent the person. I just knew it something I wanted to do.” Aiesha also remembered watching her cousin draw and liking what she saw. However, for a long time, the artist disclosed, she had the misconception that art was only about drawing; but it was cleared up when she attended the Burrowes School of Art. There she was exposed to other art forms, which built her appreciation for all aspects of visual art such as textile, painting, ceramics, leather and sculpture. “I was not always drawing, and only started when I was in form four. Unfortunately, I did not write Visual Art at CSEC. At the time my parents felt doing a foreign language was best. But upon

earn a living teaching her skills to the younger generation. In 2011, she joined the Guyana Women Artist Association (GWAA) which gives her the opportunity to showcase her work at various exhibitions. Being a member of this group, the artist pointed out, motivates her to keep developing herself as an artist and produce quality work. Aiesha is proud that her art was featured at the GBTI Corporate Branch, at the residence of the American ambassador to Guyana, exhibited at GWAA’s 25th annual exhibition of at Castellani House and presently at Castellani House’s ninth national drawing competition. “There is a need for more local support of artists. Artists also need more job opportunities available to them after they would have completed their studies. Presently, the only jobs that are available are teaching and graphic designing. I have heard of things like textile mills where textile artists could really flourish. "Natural Reflection" (2013)

graduating from secondary school, I enrolled at the Burrowes School of Art – and I have no regrets,” the artist declared. Through her art, Aiesha aims to highlight pertinent societal issues she experiences every day. Moreover, via art, she expresses her personal feelings, struggles or challenges. Lately, Aiesha found inspiration from being natural and things in nature. The artist revealed that she recently made the decision to go back to her natural beauty, from which she finds much inspiration. She also enjoys drawing portraits and realistic pieces. Presently, Aiesha, also a textile artist and a ceramist, works as a Visual Art teacher at Christ Church Secondary and is happy that she can

"A Man's Emotions" (2012)

Artist Aiesha Scotland

We need that in Guyana. Also the general mindset of people needs to change. It’s really sad to hear people say being an artist is a waste of time,” Aiesha expressed. Her encouragement to youths who aim to become artists is to attend Burrowes School of Art where they will have firsthand exposure to various art forms and gain a deeper appreciation for art. “Without artists there could be no monuments or preservation of our heritage. Artists make a huge contribution to the society and I am happy I am among the few who can educate the younger generation about it. I hope to further my studies in art and one day to teach at a tertiary institution and to also continue exhibiting my work,” she outlined. The public can view and purchase Aiesha’s most recent work at the ongoing Ninth National Drawing Competition exhibition at

Aiesha (right) poses next to one of her pieces at a past GWAA exhibition

Castellani House, Vlissengen Road. Gallery hours are 10:00 hours to 17:00 hours Monday

to Friday and 14:00 hours to 18:00 hours on Saturday; the gallery is closed on Sundays

and holidays. The exhibition continues until January 18. Admission is free.


22 Times Sunday Magazine

guyanatimesgy.com

January 5, 2014

Times Heritage

Sharples House in Queenstown was named after its famous architect John Bradsaw Sharples. It has been occupied by many well-known occupants, including former first lady Viola Burnham and former president Bharrat Jagdeo (Photo courtesy L Hernandez)

In 1971, the Brazilian government acquired a wooden building in Queenstown, which was built in 1904, and it became known as the Brazilian Ambassador’s Residence. Built of greenheart wood, the building exhibits many vernacular architectural features such as the decorative fretwork and spandrel. Other notable features include wooden truss roof and several balusters. (Photo: National Trust)

T

he Queenstown ward of Georgetown was named in honour of Queen Victoria, after it was purchased in 1887 by the town council from a planter named Quintin Hogg, to protect the city from unsanitary pig pens and prevent the erection of poorly constructed buildings by the proprietor. In the jubilee year of Queen Victoria, it was proposed by the town council that the streets be named after the queen’s children. However, this decision was not favourably received by the inhabitants of the ward. Laluni and Anira Streets were named after tributaries of the Lama, a tributary of the Mahaica River. Peter Rose Street bears the name of a former member of the Court of Policy. Forshaw Street was named after former city mayor George Anderson Forshaw. Almond Street was named after an almond tree and Crown Street was named in honour of the crown. (Source: National Trust website)

The Queenstown Moravian Church was built in 1899 largely through the initiative of the Reverend John Dingwall after the decision was made in 1891 to extend its ministry to the capital city.

Burns Memorial Guyana Presbyterian Church is the main building of what was originally the Canadian Presbyterian Church in Guyana, which was established in 1885 to serve the Indian immigrants who came here to work on the plantations after emancipation.

Brain Teaser Answer The bucket full of cold water. Cold water is heavier than hot water because its molecules are denser.

SUDOKU

KID SUDOKU

CROSSWORD

Georgetown Seawalls 1900s


guyanatimesgy.com

January 5, 2014

Times Sunday Magazine 23

Times Travel & Tourism

Surama Eco-Lodge

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urama village is a small Amerindian community of the Makushi people living in the north Rupununi, Region Nine. The word Surama, originally “Shuramata�, means the place of spoiled Bar-B-Que (or where Bar-B-Que spoiled). The name was derived during a tribal conflict between the Makushi and Carib many years ago. The village is situated in five square miles of savannah land, surrounded by forest, hills and mountains of the Pakariama mountain range. The life of the people is in the art and understanding of how to live with nature. It is a simple and basic way of life, living according to the laws of nature. Residents live off the knowledge of the land. It was only in 1974 where R.F. Allicock and T.V. Allicock invited a group of friends from Kwatamang and Wowetta to join four families in Surama to organize a proper village system that would allow better management for the natural resources including the people. The village started with 86 persons. This was the beginning of the present-day Surama. For more information on Surama, visit www.suramaecolodge.com

Aerial view of Surama airstrip

View of the savannah Spectacular view of the mountain in Surama

Houses in the distance

The village benab


24

Times Sunday Magazine

January 5, 2014

guyanatimesgy.com

Times Last Laugh

By Melvin Durai

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s New Year’s resolutions go, Brenda had a very strange one indeed. Unlike many of her friends, she didn’t need to lose weight, not even a few pounds. She didn’t need to floss her teeth more often or read more self-help books or make a greater effort to stay awake in church. She didn’t have any serious addictions she needed to quit: she didn’t smoke, didn’t drink; didn’t manage a farm on Facebook. But she did want to quit something –- and that’s what her resolution was all about. She wanted to quit calling her husband a moron. Brenda and Ron had been married for 20 years, and Brenda couldn’t remember a time when Ron hadn’t given her a reason to call him a moron – or at least think he was one. She loved him, of course – loved him as much as she loved Ben & Jerry’s ice cream. But that didn’t change the fact that she often wondered if his mother had dropped him on his head when he was a baby. Poor Ron had actually gotten used to it -– being called a moron. It started on their wedding night – at least that’s what he thought when he heard her screaming, “More Ron! More Ron!” He immediately stopped what he was doing and tried something else: turning on the TV. And soon they were in a state of bliss, watching an

episode of “Baywatch.” Two weeks later, Brenda called him a moron for real. It was one of those nights when she returned home late from her job at the pharmacy. He had offered to make dinner for her, but had left the frozen pizza in the oven for too long. “Sorry, I was distracted by the football game,” he said. “It’s a good thing the plastic wrapping didn’t melt.” Brenda didn’t want to call him a moron, but as she stared at the plastic stuck to the melted cheese, she couldn’t think of a more appropriate term. And she soon found herself using it with regularity. There was the time that Ron took her bottle of Pantene Pro-V from the bathroom and used it to shampoo the living room carpet. There was the time he brought the wrong baby home from the day-care and wondered why it kept asking for “Mami” and “Papi.” And there was the time he put laundry detergent in the automatic dishwasher, just so he could throw in a few dishcloths. Ron was so used to being called a moron that it hardly even bothered him anymore. She might as well have been saying “honey” or “sweetheart.” It had almost become a special thing between them. No one else could call him a moron and get away with it. But Brenda often felt guilty about it. After all, he wasn’t really a moron.

“I need a smartphone!”

That’s what Brenda’s mom said. “He’s not a moron,” she said. “He’s just a man. Men don’t always use their brains. They use it for football and fixing the car, but then they shut it off. They give it a break. That’s why they need women.” It was true: Ron did need Brenda. And she certainly needed him. That’s why their marriage had lasted so long. Sure, Ron didn’t always use his brain, but he was a good husband in all the important ways. He didn’t cheat on her or hit her or even raise his voice at her –- unless she walked in front of the TV during the football game. Brenda was determined not to call him a moron anymore. It was her only New Year’s resolution and it lasted all the way until 9 a.m. on New Year’s Day. Brenda awoke to find Ron making breakfast for her. He had already made the eggs, hash browns and sausages, and was working on the pancakes. There he was, standing in front of the stove, wearing an apron, whistling happily as he tried to flip the pancakes with the fly swatter. “You’re such a moron,” Brenda said. “How much did you drink last night, anyway?” Then, realizing all the trouble he had gone through, she put her arm around him and added, “Did I call you a moron? I was using the acronym MORON. It stands for ‘Man of Remarkably Outstanding Nature.’”

The Donkey

One day a boy saw a farmer selling a donkey for $100.00. The boy told the farmer he would pay the money if the farmer could deliver it to his house. The farmer agreed to deliver the donkey the next day but when he arrived at the boy's house there was no donkey. He told the boy that the donkey died during the night. Saddened, the boy asked for his money back. "I'm afraid I have already spent the money." the farmer said. "Well, then just give me the donkey." said the boy. "What are you going to do with a dead donkey?" asked the farmer. The boy told the farmer he would think of something, so the farmer delivered the donkey the next day. The next month the farmer saw the boy and asked him what he ever did with the donkey. "I made $895.00 off of that thing." the boy said. “How could you make that much money off of a dead donkey?" the farmer wanted to know. The boy said, "I didn't tell anyone he was dead at first. I just put up signs around town that said I was going to raffle off a beautiful donkey for raffle tickets that cost $5.00 and I sold 200 tickets." "Wait a minute", said the farmer, "you said you made $895.00 but if you sold 200 tickets at $5.00 each that's $1,000.00. After you subtract the $100.00 you paid me you should have made $900.00". "You're right", said the boy, "But when the winner found out the donkey was dead he was a little upset so I gave him his money back."

Old MacDonald

It’s the final round of the $64,000 question and only 3 remaining contestants are left: an Englishman, a Texan and an Arkansan. The question is, finish the following song title and spell the answer. "Old Macdonald had a ____". The Englishman goes first and says "estate" "e-s-t-a-t-e". The announcer says sorry wrong answer, but right spelling, meanwhile the Arkansan is going nuts he is so excited he cannot control himself. The Texan goes next and answers “Ranch", "r-a-n-c-h". The announcer says sorry wrong answer but right spelling, and the Arkansan is jumping up and down; he is so excited he almost screams. The announcer turns to the Arkansan and says "for $64,000 what is the answer". The Arkansan answers "Farm”, "e-i-e-i-o!"

Strong words

An elderly woman had just returned to her home from an evening of church services when she was startled by an intruder. She caught the man in the act of robbing her home of its valuables and yelled, "Stop! Acts 2:38” [Repent and be baptized, in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be forgiven.] The burglar stopped in his tracks. The woman calmly called the police and explained what she had done. As the officer cuffed the man to take him in, he asked the burglar, "Why did you just stand there? All the old lady did was yell a scripture to you." "Scripture?" replied the burglar. "She said she had an axe and two 38's!"

Where's God?

A Sunday School teacher of preschoolers was concerned that his student might be a little confused about Jesus Christ because of the Christmas season emphasis on His birth. He wanted to make sure they understood that the birth of Jesus occurred for real. He asked his class, "Where is Jesus today?" Steven raised his hand and said, "He's in heaven." Mary was called on and answered, "He's in my heart." Little Johnny, waving his hand furiously, blurted out, "I know, I know! He's in our bathroom!!!" The whole class got very quiet, looked at the teacher, and waited for a response. The teacher was completely at a loss for a few very long seconds. Finally, he gathered his wits and asked Little Johnny how he knew this. Little Johnny said, "Well... every morning, my father gets up, bangs on the bathroom door, and yells, "Good Lord, are you still in there?!"

Want to contribute to the Sunday Times magazine? Email us for possible publication at sundaymagazine@guyanatimesgy.com. Please include legal name(s), address and a brief synopsis of your article with attached word document.

Sunday Magazine 5th January 2014  

The Beacon of Truth

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