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Sunday March 22, 2015

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2 Times Sunday Magazine

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MARCH 22, 2015

Times Feature

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year ago, in February 2014, scientists and local community members at the Caiman House Field Station in Yupukari, North Rupununi began a new phase of their long-running research project on the ecology of the black caiman, the largest aquatic predator in Guyana and the Amazon. The researchers started collecting stomach content samples from live black caiman to investigate what kinds of food they like to eat and if the caiman prefer different prey in different areas of the Rupununi. This research is important because it will lead to better understanding of how the diets of caiman and people overlap, and if they compete for the same resources. This year the Caiman House Field Station staff and scientists are continuing their research on black caiman feeding patterns, and they are beginning yet another phase of their important work: the research team has started attaching tracking devices to the tails of some of the black caiman in the region to gain insight

However, the caiman may move around a lot during the wet season when the Rupununi floodplains fill with water and sometimes even become connected with the Amazon watershed. The males may especially move quite extensively as they look for food and access to females, who typically do not move around as much as the males. This research is crucial for understanding what types of habitats the black caiman prefer during the different seasons and if there are specific movement corridors that are heavily

er who received his PhD from Florida International University in Miami. Adam has spent many years studying American alligators, close cousins of the black caiman. In an interview with Guyana Times Sunday Magazine, Rosenblatt stated that he was prompted to begin this new research project in Guyana because of his interest in how large predators and the humans who live with them are able to co-exist. He visited Guyana for the first time in 2011 and was captivated by the gen-

A black caiman caught, which will aid in the research done by the team at the Caiman House Field Station in Yupukari

into their movement patterns during the dry and wet seasons. The new research, funded by National Geographic Society, Rupununi Learners Foundation, Stihl, Farfan and Mendes, and Dubulay Ranch, uses small radio transmitters that produce “pings� that can be heard

from as far as 15 miles away by a person holding a radio signal receiver and antenna. The researchers then follow the signal until they find the caiman and mark its location using a GPS device. The batteries on the tracking devices should last for two years, and by relocating the caiman again and again

Research team attaching tracking device to the tail of a black caiman

over that two-year period, the research team would be able to decipher the movement patterns of the black caiman. On the basis of research on other crocodilian species around the globe, the Caiman House Field Station research team thinks the black caiman would not move around very much during the dry season, when water levels are low in the Rupununi, because fish and other prey become concentrated and isolated in rivers, lakes, and ponds, providing the caiman with relatively abundant local food supplies.

used. It would also reveal whether caiman return to the same nesting and feeding sites year after year, and how human activities may impact caiman movements. Ultimately, understanding the movement patterns of the black caiman would lead to better and more efficient conservation and management strategies, allowing this amazing predator to thrive for generations to come. This research is currently being conducted with assistance from Adam Rosenblatt, a US research-

Antenna used to track black caiman

erosity and hospitality of the Guyanese people and the virtually untouched wilderness that Guyana has preserved so well. People who are interested in the black caiman research, both Guyanese and foreign visitors, are encouraged to contact Fernando Li, the Managing Director of Caiman House, with any questions or to schedule a visit to learn about and participate in the black caiman research project. For contact information, visit Rupununi Learners on Facebook.


guyanatimesgy.com

MARCH 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine

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Times Feature

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n route to Lethem or Brazil from Georgetown, when you cross the Essequibo River, you pass through the Iwokrama forest on the road that is famously called “the Linden-Lethem road”. This road is 72 km in length and presents opportunities for spotting various species of wildlife, including many birds. Iwokrama is protected, and the public is encouraged to respect the wildlife and enjoy the views as no hunting or fishing is allowed within this protected area. Along this road one may also notice the beautiful array of plant life, many of which are termed “pioneer” or “secondary” species. Pioneers are the first species that establish themselves in areas that are opened up; they are essentially “light-loving” plants. A common species seen along the road is the Congo

Pump (Cecropiaspp), one species of which is used to make a tea that is said to have health benefits. Congo Pump shares a beautiful symbiotic relationship with ants as they offer glycogen rich tissue as food and in return receive protection against other predators by the ants. Additionally, the Futui (Jacaranda copaia) can be seen. When flowering, it displays a stunning purple flower on its crown, and its wood is used for light work, including coffin making. There is also the Palecouria guinanesis, which belongs to the coffee family and displays beautiful red, finger-like flowers. Beautiful and majestic vines are also found growing along the road. The Passiflora spp are known for gorgeous floral displays. But be careful with the ‘Hold Me Back’ vine (Mimosa sp) that has spines all along the branches, which can leave a

Passiflora sp (Photo by Dr Raquel Thomas)

Iwokrama road leading to many adventures (Photo by Dr Raquel Thomas)

nasty bruise if it comes in contact with your skin. Also along this road you can visit the Iwokrama River Lodge, which is near the Essequibo River and the Iwokrama Canopy Walkway (and associated Atta Rainforest Lodge), which is about one hour away from the Iwokrama River Lodge. Iwokrama International Centre, which protects the Iwokrama forest, promotes conservation and the sustainable and equitable use of tropical rainforests in a manner that will lead to lasting ecological, economic and social benefits to the people of Guyana and to the world in general by undertaking research, training and the development and dissemination of technologies. Ecotourism is one of the important components of Iwokrama’s strategy for financial self-sufficiency. Visits to Iwokrama directly

contribute to the communi- t o u r i s m @ i w o k r a m a . o r g . Development on Facebook. ties in and surrounding the Visit http://iwokramariv- (Cover photos : Tortoise on Iwokrama forest. Tourism erlodge.com or check out Iwokrama road (Photo by there supports the develop- Iwokrama International Dr Raquel Thomas) & Sloth ment of an eco-friendly sus- Centre for Rainforest on Iwokrama road (Photo tainable model, which is be- Conservation and by Paul Thomas) ing shared locally, nationally and internationally. In recognition of International Day of Forests (March 21) and World Water Day (March 22), the management and staff of Iwokrama would like to encourage the public to learn more about the importance of our forest, which covers over 85 percent of Guyana’s land area, and water conservation. For more of the tours that Iwokrama offers, call the Iwokrama office on (592) 225-1504 to speak with Chauncy or Diana or email Palecouria guianensis (Photo by Dr Raquel Thomas)


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Times Sunday Magazine

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March 22, 2015

Times Feature

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new and effective way of burning fat has been introduced to Guyana. Jazzercise is a pulsepounding, beat-pumping fitness programme that gets you results fast. It is a calorie-torching, hip swivelling, Shakira'd-be-proud dance party, with a hot playlist to distract you from the burn.

reographed to today's hottest music. Jazzercise is a fusion of dance, resistance training, Pilates, yoga and kickboxing. Jazzercise was founded 45 years ago by Judi Shepherd-Missett, and is a top ranked franchise. It is ranked #7 on the list of Fastest-Growing Franchises, #13 on America's Top Global

Browne instructing her class on various Jazzercise moves

You can burn up to 600 calories in one fun and powerfully effective 60-minute total body workout. Every Jazzercise group fitness class combines dance-based cardio with strength training and stretching to sculpt, tone and lengthen muscles for maximum fat burn, cho-

Franchises and #42 overall on the Franchise 500 List by Entrepreneur Magazine. The founder and president continually mix in new music and new moves to give instructors new material to teach to keep classes fresh during the year. A new set of routines are sent to in-

structors every 10 weeks. The great thing about Jazzercise is that when you hear a specific song, no matter which Jazzercise class you attend all over the world, you can follow the routine with ease because it is the exact routine taught by all instructors. In an interview with Guyana Times Sunday Magazine, Valerie Browne, a professional fitness trainer who brought Jazzercise to Guyana, said when she was on vacation in the US over a year ago, she attended a few exercise classes and immediately realized that the Jazzercise program was never brought to Guyana and no one has never even heard of it. “As a matter of fact, it is not currently in any of the Caribbean countries, but it is in countries like Iran, Egypt and 29 other countries. I strongly felt the need to remigrate to Guyana to introduce this awesome program to my fellow Guyanese. Knowing that Guyanese like music and love a dance party – and the music we use is music heard on the radio, I felt obligated to share this wonderful program with them – and I'm so glad I did,” Browne stated. Browne is a professional trainer certified by Jazzercise to teach classes and personal touch (personal training) sessions. She mentioned that to teach Jazzercise one has to be cer-

Dancing the calories away

tified through Jazzercise and undergo continuous retraining and monitoring to ensure the high standards are continually adhered to. Browne has been an instructor for over 17 years and owned her own franchise in Maryland, US, before remigrating to Guyana last year. In Guyana, Jazzercise’s techniques include “Dance Mix”, which torches fat, sculpts lean muscle and crushes calories with this

through sweaty, pumping music mixes that end with a muscle blast. Knock out fat and stress and release your endorphins. “Core” is a cardio plus strength class designed to get you to your best body ever. Every move has a corecrunching focus to chisel your middle and target those ‘v-line’ abs. “Strength 60” is a full 60-minute workout of fatburning, muscle-sculpting, it-hurts-and-it’s-worth-it

us out. In the US, we had men in our classes and in some instances, husband and wife. Although we just started, students have indicated to me that they have lost weight and it is obvious to others that they have. One student mentioned to me that her husband noticed that she is losing weight in the short space of time, and when your husband notices then you know for sure you are,” Browne noted. Classes are held every

Burning fat while having fun

high intensity workout that mixes dance-based cardio with strength training. Fresh pulse-pounding music and body-blasting moves bring the intensity to transform your body, boost your mood and ignite your energy. “Lo Dance Mixx” gets all the pulse-pounding, bodypumping intensity without the hop. Use your muscles— not your momentum—to get a killer core workout. “Fusion” supercharges your metabolism and blasts fat fast. This circuit-based high intensity interval training class fuses cardio pumping dance moves with muscle work. “Strike” hits cardio and muscles hard for maximum impact. Jab and kick your way

strength training. This class will transform you. Jazzercise program suits anyone who is interested in fitness and losing weight. Browne said children from 12 years old are welcomed to join. Everyone works at their own pace, whether doing high or low impact moves. Each dance mix class incorporates approximately 40 minutes of dance aerobics and 20 minutes of strength routines with hand held weights and/or xertubes. A dance background is not needed to participate in these classes. “Our classes started a little over a month ago and currently we only have females attending from age 14. We offer these classes to males also, so I would like to encourage men to check

Monday through Thursday at 6pm, Friday at 5:30pm and Saturday at 8am. Browne’s goal is to have several classes a day, with several certified Jazzercise instructors teaching those classes. Classes are held at Camptown Community Centre, First Street in Campbellville in the newly renovated beautiful Jazzercise centre on the second floor. “My mission is to motivate and inspire students to gain fitness, lose weight, improve mental health and have fun while doing so. People meet a lot of new friends in Jazzercise classes too,” Browne declared. For more information, contact Browne on 219-3166 or check out Jazzercise on Facebook.


guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine 5

Times Women

Not just a beauty pageant

Alicia Nichola Bess

Faydeha Cathylyna King

Miss Global International Guyana franchise holder Hashim Alli and Public Relations Officer Melicia Partab

ly.

Kiswana Abimola Jefford Nalicia Ramdyal

Shalisa Harripersaud

Seistra Allen

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Shameeza Wong

he Miss Global International Guyana is not just about pageantry but equipping its contestants with the necessary tools for self-development and effecting change in society. According to pageant public relations officer, Melicia Partab, having a systematic approach to the development of its contestants, the Miss Global International Guyana franchise offers a recognized programme that fulfils the necessary attributes a successful ambassador should have when representing Guyana international-

Partab added that having an equal balance of the three “super factors” is what lends to the added touch of difference to the pageant’s training programme. These “super factors” are self-growth and confidence, physical and inner beauty enhancement, and cultural and traditional patriotism. Self-growth and confidence contributes to the readiness of a successful ambassador. It also contributes in helping the contestants be comfortable in their own skin and equips them with the necessary tools for self-growth and confidence. This involves attending activities such as toastmasters, lecturers, public relations seminars, radio and TV appearances, and interviews. Physical and inner beauty enhancement supplies the added benefit of a successful ambassador, ranging from healthy eating, routine workouts, structural gym and personal body care, to therapeutic sessions, relaxing yoga and spiritual meditation. These are a few key activities that are used to enhance this factor. Cultural and traditional patriotism encourages contestants to be true to themselves and everyone around them. Partab mentioned that upholding the standards of our culture, traditions, customs, beliefs and patriotism creates the attention and secures the everlasting positive impression of our country to the target audience by the ambassador. “Charity, being the best policy, is no different for our franchise. Adopting the Shaheed’s Girls Orphanage over a year ago and exclusively working to improve the lives of these girls, our franchise and am-

bassadors will continue our efforts to sustain our contribution to charity. As a matter of fact we are in the process of securing the first ever computer work station for the girls. This was our little surprise to the girls,” Partab disclosed. Partab pointed out that being a part of the Miss Global International Guyana quest, each contender will be equipped with the necessary rounded knowledge and experience in the world of pageantry. She further stated that becoming more aware and being empowered by their new strengths, while overcoming their weaknesses, each ambassador will have the opportunity to experience this new chapter of their lives. Although only one will move on as the winner, each girl will take away the knowledge and experience of a lifetime. The contestants vying for the Miss Global International Guyana crown are Alicia Nichola Bess, Faydeha Cathylyna King, Kiswana Abimola Jefford, Nalicia Ramdyal, Seistra Allen, Shalisa Harripersaud, and Shameeza Wong. Miss Global International started in 2005 and has been a success since then, with its contestants gaining recognition both locally and abroad. The pageant’s mission is “Uniting the World through Tourism with Beauty”. It attracts ladies with intelligence, poise, awareness, wonderful personalities and drive from all over the world. The pageant was formerly known as the Miss Commonwealth Beauty pageant. The Miss Global International Guyana winner would be selected May 2 (tentatively) and would represent Guyana at the Miss Global International 2015 pageant slated for June 23 – 27 in Panama.


6 Times Sunday Magazine

guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Book World

The Shaping of Guyanese Literature

By Petamber Persaud

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he theme for World Storytelling Day 2015 is Wishes. Wishes could be of a good or bad nature. You can’t be indifferent to wishes, and you can’t be too careful for what you wish. (Remember the foolish couple and their three wishes.) But generally, wishes ought to give positive vibrations, a good feeling, euphoria, a feeling of goodness. Incidentally, storytelling also ought to give a feeling of euphoria. So if we put storytelling and wishes together, we ought to get an explosion of goodness. The themes for the previous five years were as follows: 2010 - Light and Shadow

2011 – Water 2012 – Trees 2013 - Fortune and Fate 2014 - Monsters and Dragons A theme acts as a guide; giving direction to content. But this applies where the storytelling machinery is well oiled, institutionalized and blessed with proper funding. What else can you wish for! Storytelling is as old as the history of man, enmeshed in oral literature. But World Storytelling Day is a manifestation of the new millennium that has its roots in several initiatives started at the end of the previous millennium. For instance, in the early 1990s, Sweden organised an event labelled, All Storytellers Day, falling on March 20. In the late 1990s, storytellers

in Perth, Australia, coordinated a five-week long celebration of story, commemorating March 20 as the International Day of Oral Narrators. Nearer to home (Guyana), places like Mexico and other South American countries were already celebrating March 20 the National Day of Storytellers. When we think of storytelling, we tend to relegate it to the past. Who wants to sit down around the fireside, a hammock, under a silk cotton tree, by the black water canal…and be molested by mosquitoes and sandflies while smoke gets in your eyes? Who want to relive the past, the invaluable past that has entrusted us with so much wisdom? The future is blazing screens and apps. Who wants to learn from Kwe-

kwe, Maticore and Katha, which is the Hindi word for story? The future is screens and apps. Who wants the old community spirit? The future is as bright as this box in my hands. Stories make up a great part of our lives. But ironically, storytelling is not a prominent part of our agendas unless, of course, if we make a living by telling stories or selling stories. Wishes, on the other hand, take up a great part of our lives.

Wishing is a major part of our agendas. Wishing, dreaming or daydreaming can be both good and bad. A good thing is that it could extend the imagination, crossing borders, drifting in realms unknown, into magic realism like “One Hundred Years of Solitude” by Marquez or “The Ventriloquist’s Tale” by Pauline Melville. When we think of wishes and of wishing, we might conjure images of witches and wizards - embodi-

ments that could or could not grant us our wishes. Or we may conjure those embodiments as evil causing us harm. Or lead us on the right path. Yes, like in the “Wizard of Oz”, “Alice in Wonderland”, Aladdin in “The Book of One Thousand and One Nights”, “The Chronicles of Narnia”, “Cinderella” and Harry Potter stories. Or we may take flights of fantasies in order to direct how we want a wish to unfold. In this way, we create stories. For instance in our own rags to riches story, we go down a certain path to wealth; if that path is too slow, we could speed it up. That’s one good thing about wishing and dreaming. If the situation gets ugly, we could back up and start over. Fascinating stuff that – creating stories. So, if we put story and wishes together then the celebration of World Storytelling Day 2015 ought to be quite intriguing. Responses to this author telephone (592) 226-0065 or email: oraltradition2002@ yahoo.com


guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine 7

Times Heritage

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assava bread is considered a traditional staple of indigenous Guyanese, and a national dish today. Cassava, or manioc or yucca, was the staple crop for pre-Columbian South America by the time the Portuguese arrived in Brazil in 1500. Travelling to Africa for slaves, the Portuguese introduced the cassava to

the continent around 1550 and to India by 1700. It is claimed to have reached Asia by the start of the 19th century via the Spanish. Cassava bread, which is made after preparing the cassava, is a basic staple usually eaten with fresh fish or a meat dish. Properly dried, the bread can last for days, making it a convenient daily food and the customary go-to meal

Beginning the cooking by spreading the cassava meal over a flat pan

Pounding the cassava meal (ibike.org photo)

among indigenous people or travellers on long trips in the interior. Robert H. Schomburgk was one such traveller whose Guiana expeditions in the 19th century often relied on cassava bread. Cassava bread making produces other ingredients that are used up to prepare other traditional indigenous food items such as casareep, which is a main ingredient in pepper pot, and farine, which is used to make porridge, or used like rice in a meal. Cassava bread is made by first peeling then grating the cassava before extracting its toxic juice with a traditional matapi. The cassava is then pounded in a mortar and

sifted to a powder. It is spread on a circular griddle over a fire and cooked on both sides as a flat, thin round cake. The bread is often placed on rooftops to dry in the hot sun. This helps to preserve the bread so it lasts longer, which means the almost-allExtracting the toxic juice using the matapi. Techniques and tools in use today are similar to those the Portuguese encountered in the 16th century (ibike.org photo)

Detail from an illustration in Robert H. Schomburgk’s “Views in the Interior of Guiana” (1840) showing women of the Wapisiana village Watu Ticaba grating cassava and cooking the meal while some cassava bread dries on the roof overhead. A matapi hangs at the back left

Cassava bread packaged for sale

Coconut Walk, near Sea Wall, Georgetown circa 1910

day cassava bread making process doesn’t have to be done every day. Cassava bread has also been used to make quinches from sweet shredded or grated coconut spread between cassava bread that is smaller and thicker than traditional cassava bread. It is unclear if this is an adaptation of the cassava bread among the African slaves or Indian or other indentured servants later brought to then British Guiana to work on the sugar estates, or if the snack was introduced to the territory by one of these groups.


8 Times Sunday Magazine

guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Travel & Tourism

A Haven for Biodiversity Sunrise over the Kanuku (James Broscombe photo)

Scenic view of the Kanuku Mountains from Maparri River

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he Kanuku mountain range lies in the southern half of

Nappi Creek, Kanuku Mountains (Photo by Julie de Carvalho)

Foothills of the Kanuku Mountains

Guyana, Region 9, and runs east to west, dividing the north and south Rupununi.

These mountains are internationally recognised as being extremely rich in biodiversity. The Kanukus contain habitats as diverse as gallery forests, lowland forests and montane evergreen forests and savannah. It is home to 70 per cent of all mammals and 53 per cent

of all birds known to exist in Guyana. At least five of the South American giants live in the Kanuku Mountains - the Harpy Eagle, Black Caiman, Giant River Otter, Arapaima fish and the Giant Anteater. The Macushi and Wapishana peoples make up the populations living

A house in Nappi with the Kanuku Mountains in the background

in communities in or near to the Kanuku Mountains, caring and wisely using the resources in the tradition-

Rain descends on the mountains

al way. Nappi, a Macushi Amerindian community, is found sitting in the hills of the Kanuku Mountains.


guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine 9

Times Healthy Living

Helping cancer treatment Keep your Kidneys Healthy patients manage their diet

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ecause cancer and cancer treatment affect the body in various ways, some patients discover that all food tastes metallic, or a cup of tea or coffee becomes unappealing. Patients often experience a metallic taste when chemotherapy drugs get into saliva and the chemicals encounter taste buds. Their sense of taste and smell, and their appetite has been affected. According to BBC Health, bitterness is the taste most affected by cancer and its treatment, meaning familiar food and drink often becomes unpalatable. The Royal Marsden Cancer Charity, located in London, England, is a pioneering centre that uses daily research to not only introduce new treatments that save lives, but also to diagnose and care for cancer patients. On Feb 19, 2015, the registered charity introduced “The Royal Marsden Cancer Cookbook” featuring recipes that have been selected to be suitable for patients during and after cancer treatment. Edited by Dr Clare Shaw, consultant dietician at The Royal Marsden and published by Kyle Books, the book also features recipes from celebrity chefs. The cookbook contains recipes and tips intended to help cancer patients overcome their eating dif-

Half of the royalties from the cookbook will go to the hospital's charity

ficulties. It offers advice on how to adapt recipes -- like perhaps adding a dash of Tabasco sauce or chilli powder to alter the flavour. It also has advice on exactly what kinds of foods might be palatable and provide the right balance of nutrients -- for people during and after treatment experiencing various side effects, i.e. dry mouth, nausea or taste change. The cookbook also offers recipes for soft or moist foods, which are best when side effects like dry or sore mouth develop. Speaking to BBC, Dr

Shaw noted that it is sometimes hard to know what to eat. Many of her patients eat a lot of soup. "It's liquid, it goes down easily, it's a prime choice,” she told the BBC, “But, as a dietician, I will often talk to them about the fact that soup is often low in energy, and it's often low in protein. "So people might be using it as a replacement for a meal, but it's not providing the same nourishment as a meal.” Other high-energy meals such as roasted chicken, or more nutritious soups, are advised.

Recipe from The Royal Marsden Cancer Cookbook, taken from reveal.co.uk

Mary Berry’s Sunday Orange Spice Cake recipe Ingredients FOR THE CAKE

he kidneys filter extra water and wastes out of your blood, and make urine. The kidneys also help control blood pressure so that your body can stay healthy. Kidney disease means that the kidneys are damaged and they can't efficiently filter blood. This damage can cause wastes to build up in the body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) occurs when kidney damage occurs slowly over many years, often due to diabetes or high blood pressure. When someone has a

sudden change in kidney function—because of illness, or injury, or have taken certain medications—it is called acute kidney injury. The main risk factors for developing kidney disease are diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) disease, and a family history of kidney failure. The US National Kidney Disease Education Programme suggests keeping your blood pressure at the target set by your health care provider to help keep your kidneys healthy. It also advises a reduction of your daily salt intake, while choosing foods

that are healthy for your heart, such as fresh fruits, fresh or frozen vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods. Limiting your alcohol intake, being more physically active and losing weight if you are overweight can all help keep kidneys functioning normally. If you smoke, take steps to quit, since cigarette smoking can also make kidney damage worse. If you have diabetes, control your blood glucose level. It is important that you get your blood and urine checked for kidney disease, and manage your diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

Pigeons a hazard to public health

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1 small thin-skinned orange 275g self-rising flour 3 level tsp baking powder 275g caster sugar 225g unsalted butter, softened, plus extra for greasing 4 free-range eggs 1tsp ground cinnamon 1tsp mixed spice FOR THE FILLING 50g unsalted butter, softened 175g icing sugar, sifted, plus a little extra for dusting 2 level tbsp orange pulp, reserved from the cake mix Method Preheat the oven to 180˚C/350˚F/ gas 4. Grease and line two 20cmdeep sandwich tins. Place the whole orange in a saucepan, cover with boiling water and simmer until soft, about 20 mins. Set aside to cool. When the orange is cool enough to handle, cut in half and remove any pips. Transfer the whole orange, skin included, to a food-processor and process until medium chunky. Remove and reserve 2 level tbsp of the orange pulp for the icing. Add the remaining cake ingredients to the processor and blend until just smooth. Divide the mixture evenly between the two tins. Bake in the oven for 25-30 mins. When the cake is shrinking away from the sides and is springy to touch, remove from the oven. Leave to cool in the tins for a few moments, then turn out onto a cooling rack

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Diagram showing the location of the kidneys in the human body (Wikipedia photo)

and peel off the paper. To make the orange filling, cream the soft butter, then add the sifted icing sugar and reserved orange pulp. Sandwich the cakes together with the icing, and sift icing sugar over the top of the cake. Makes one 20cm cake Serves 12 British Bake Off queen Mary Berry is one of the celebrity chefs donating their recipes. She says this cake is best eaten fresh but will store in an airtight container for 2–3 days. The filled cake can be frozen for up to two months. Just remove from freezer and thaw for 2–3 hours at room temperature.

he Government of Canada website healthycanadians. gc.ca, notes that the biggest problem pigeons cause is the amount of faeces they produce. Pigeon droppings have been associated with a variety of diseases, including histoplasmosis and cryptococcosis. Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus that grows in pigeon droppings. The fungus can also be found in bat droppings or in the soil, and is carried by the wind. When removing droppings, people may breathe in some of the fungus. When exposure is high, the fungus can cause infection. People with weakened immune systems (like cancer patients or people living with HIV/AIDS) are generally more at risk of developing histoplasmosis. The disease cannot be transmitted from person to person. Contact your doctor if you develop flu-like symptoms after being exposed to bird or bat droppings — especially if you have a weakened immune system. Cryptococcosis is another fungal disease related to pigeon droppings and grows in soils throughout the world. A major risk factor for infection is a compromised

immune system. However, cryptococcosis can also develop in people with a normal immune system. People may have no symptoms or may have headache and confusion, a cough and an achy chest, or a rash, depending on where in the body the infection is. The diagnosis is based on culture and examination of tissue and fluid samples. The best way to control pigeons is to change their environment: Remove roosting niches and seal any crevices, large

openings, and entrances in high areas to discourage pigeons. Screen off water sources (like rooftop air conditioners) from which pigeons might drink. Never leave food out where pigeons can get it. Keep garbage containers closed. Dispose of garbage on a regular basis. On flat roofs or ledges, use bristling wires, also known as porcupine wires, or sticky pastes that will discourage pigeons from landing and gathering.


10 Times Sunday Magazine

March 22, 2015

Times Fashion

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ith Easter around the corner and many all-white events, boat cruises, rodeo, Bartica Regatta and other entertainment events, First Resort designs, by designer Sonia Noel, are ideal for a distinct look. The sexy side of the First Resort collection is evident in this week’s featured designs. From black cocktail dresses to herring lattice pants and funky tops, this chic collection will surely make a statement. Call 226-3099 for more info. (Photos by Sean Charles)

guyanatimesgy.com


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cott Clifton is an American actor, musician, and video blogger. His early work has included television commercials and minor film and television roles, but his most recognized achievements have come from his highly publicized roles in soap operas. He is best known for playing Dillon Quartermaine in “General Hospital” (2003–2007), Schuyler Joplin in “One Life to Live” (2009–2010), and Liam Spencer in “The Bold and the Beautiful” (2010–present). His role in “The Bold and the Beautiful” earned him a Daytime Emmy Award in 2011 and 2013.

guyanatimesgy.com March 22, 2015

Star Times Hollywood

Times Sunday Magazine 11


12 Times Sunday Magazine

guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Hollywood

Sheen slammed following Zayn Malik takes hiatus Charlie racist tweet against President Obama from One Direction's tour C

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ayn Malik decides to take a break from One Direction's tour following rumors that he cheated on Little Mix's Perrie Edwards. "Zayn has been signed off with stress and is flying back to the UK to recuperate," a rep said. "The band wish him well and will continue with their performances in Manila and Jakarta." Malik was accused of two-timing his girlfriend after he was spotted holding hands with a blonde girl outside Seduction club in Phuket, Thailand. He also posed for a picture with his hand around her waist inside the nightclub while he and his bandmates were in the country for the Asian leg of their On the Road Again roadshow. Malik who is engaged to Edwards denies the cheating rumors. "I'm 22 years old... I love a girl named Perrie Edwards," he tweeted, before ranting, "And there's a lot of jealous f**ks in this world." He added, "I'm sorry for what it looks like x." Ahead of 1D's con-

cert in Manila this weekend which now no longer features Malik, the Bureau of Immigration in the Phillippines previously asked the band to post a nearly $5,000 bond for Malik and bandmate Louis Tomlinson each after they were purportedly caught on camera smoking marijuana last year. "The condition is intended to protect the public interest should the band members commit any violation during their stay in the Philippines," a rep for the bureau said. "We want to see their pure, raw untainted talent," without drugs.

Malik was reported struggling with substance issue after he fell ill and missed "Today" show last year. "I'm really angry and upset by what was said," he said when asked by Matt Lauer about the rumor. "I was really ill at the weekend, that's why I couldn't fly to America." After finishing their Asian leg, One Direction will play in Johannesburg and Cape Town. It's unclear if Zayn Malik will reunite with the band during their South African concerts. A source tells The Sun he plans to quit the band for good. (AceShowbiz)

harlie Sheen posted racist tweet on Wednesday, March 18, against Barack Obama in which he called the President "Barry Satera Kenya." He wrote on his Twitter, "Barry Satera Kenya u won't attend a soldier's funeral uhkros da street that u kild yet u hav time 4 brackets? s a d." Barry Satera Kenya refers to Obama's African heritage, as his father Barack Obama Sr. came from Rachyuonyo District in Kenya even though Obama himself was born in Hawaii. The meaning of word "Satera" is still left unexplained. His anger appeared to be fueled by Obama's appearance at the bracket on ESPN, an annual tradition during his presidency, in-

stead of attending a soldier's funeral. The soldier's funeral that Sheen refers to may be the funeral of a twostar general, Major General Harold Greene, who was killed in Afghanistan. However, his accusation that the funeral had been ignored by the administration was incorrect since the ceremony was attended by

Drake's head gets shoved by stranger at Dubai nightclub

Miley Cyrus' fans send death threats to Patrick Schwarzenegger over cheating rumors

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iley Cyrus may have kept silence about Patrick Schwarzenegger cheating rumors, but her fans cannot sit still. A lot of Miley's fans sent death threats to Patrick on Twitter, threatening to kill him if he hurt their idol. Shelley Lumanog wrote,

"Patrick Schwarzenegger WHY ILL KILL YOU!!! DONT DO THAT AGAIN TO MILEY PLEASE." Yaser tweeted, "YOU shouldn't be near other women when you have MILEY CYRUS omg i hope you die @ PSchwarzenegger." Legend M posted, "@breevive @ PSchwarzenegger oh well

he's messed with the wrong fanbase." Miley has kept silence on the cheating rumors since she reacted to the rumors by posting a bizarre photo of her and her pal Cheyne Thomas with both head photoshopped on the bodies of a woman and a man wearing hairy mimicking outfits. She refused to reply reporters' questions when she was spotted going to Laugh Factory in Hollywood with a friend on Monday, March 16. Recently, it was revealed that Miley had been hanging out with Patrick's bikini-clad girl whom he claimed was his bestfriend's girlfriend. Miley and the girl were pictured together at a USC football game back in October. (AceShowbiz)

Kate Middleton reveals baby’s due date

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ate Middleton revealed when Prince George will be a big brother. The Duchess and her husband Prince William are expecting their second baby at "mid-to-end of April," she said to a volunteer who asked her at the Brookhill Children's Centre in Woolwich on Wednesday. Kate, 33, was meeting with parents and visiting an on-site nursery at the children’s centre. The centre is run by Home Start charity, an organization with a network of 15,000 volunteers that help parents and young families.

One question still remains though, the baby's gender. The royals are still keeping mum about that, but many are speculating based on Kate's fabulous materni-

ty wardrobe. Just last week, she wore light pink, which may be a sign for a baby girl, but then again, she did wear that same jacket with Prince George! (Yahoo)

the U.S. Defence Secretary, Chuck Hagel. The tweet sparked an outburst from other Twitter users. One of the comments from a user who responded to Sheen's tweet read, "He can't attend every funeral, grow up." Others said that mentioning Kenya in his tweet was racist. (AceShowbiz)

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ubrey Drake Graham or Drake went to Movida nightclub in Dubai after he performed for his final tour on Saturday, March 14. TMZ reported that the Canadian rapper was harassed by a stranger who grabbed the top of his head and pushed it downward during the outing.

In a video obtained by TMZ, Drake was seen walking through the crowd at the club, surrounded by his security guards. Suddenly there was an unidentified man who touched his head and pushed it down. He stared at the man as he continued to walk through the crowd. His security guards

then brought the man to the ground. Fortunately, Drake was not injured in this incident. Drake flew to Dubai to wrap up the final leg of his "Would You Like a Tour?" with a show at Dubai's International Cricket Stadium. He also became the royal guest as he hung out with the prince of United Arab Emirates. Based on his Instagram pictures, he seemed to have so much fun hanging out with Sheikh Mansoor bin Mohammed Almaktoum. Another picture showed him riding a boat with water jet pack around the city. He also seemed to enjoy playing with what looks like Audi's new electric bike. (AceShowbiz)

Vin Diesel chokes up over Paul Walker's death: ‘I lost my brother’

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in Diesel dashed straight from the hospital where he and wife Paloma Jimenez had been staying with their newborn baby on Wednesday, March 18 — because nothing was going to stop him honoring his late friend Paul Walker at the first Californian “Furious 7” screening. The action hero, who became a dad of three on Monday, March 16, was choked with emotion as he spoke about the making of the his latest movie, and told fans how usually he and Walker spent time together at the premieres of the “Fast and Furious” films. "I had to come from the hospital, and I had to introduce the first screening in California where the whole franchise started," Diesel, 47, told the audience. "As you know this was a very personal and important film to us, every time when

I saw the movie at the premiere, Paul Walker and I would go off to the side, and he would always tell me, 'Vin, the best one's still in the can,'" he continued. After telling viewers to be mindful of the fact that others have to wait a little to see the film (which hits theaters on Friday, April 3), so to keep the story line quiet, the actor's mood became somber.

"This was a labor of love," he said. "It was in some ways the hardest movie that I ever had to do because the relationships that you see on film are so real, when the tragedy happened, I lost my best friend, I lost my brother." Overwhelmed by emotion, Diesel paused. "Tonight..." he said, before struggling to compose himself. (US Magazine)


March 22, 2015

Aksha Pardasany is an Indian actress. She is popularly known for her roles in Telugu films. Aksha made her acting debut in “Malayalam Goal”. With movies like “Yuvatha”, “Ride” and “Adi Nuvve”, this vivacious beauty is eager to rachet up the ladder of her film career. When the actress is not making movies, one can find her buried in books; she is a voracious reader and also loves to watch films. Aksha is eagerly awaiting to make her Bollywood debut.

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Star Times Bollywood


14 Times Sunday Magazine

guyanatimesgy.com

March 22, 2015

Times Bollywood

Kajol to reunite with Shah Sonakshi Sinha, Arjun Kapoor win ‘Worst Actor’ at Golden Kela Awards Rukh Khan on-screen

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ajol has said she is excited to work with Shah Rukh Khan in Rohit Shetty's “Dilwale”. The director recent-

ly confirmed the project would feature the popular on-screen pairing. Speaking to IANS, Kajol said: "Yes, I am doing the

film with Rohit Shetty. I am definitely excited to work with Shah Rukh. I'm looking forward to start working on the film." The two stars have proved to be a successful screen couple, after winning over audiences with their sparkling chemistry in films such as “Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge”, “My Name Is Khan” and “Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham”. Khan's production house Red Chillies will be producing the eagerly-anticipated film, which also stars Varun Dhawan and Kriti Sanon. Taking to Twitter to share his excitement at the movie Dhawan, wrote: "A new journey a new film begins tomorrow the biggest Film Iv ever been part of. #Dilwale" (Digital Spy)

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onakshi Sinha and Arjun Kapoor have bagged Worst Actor awards at the Golden Kelas. Held on March 14, the satirical awards show is now in its seventh year. Bollywood actor Sonakshi Sinha was declared the Worst Actor (Female) for her work in “Action Jackson”, “Lingaa The Movie” and “Holiday”. She beat contemporaries Katrina Kaif, Sonam Kapoor, Tamannaah Bhatia and Jacqueline Fernandez to pick up the prize. Winning the statue for Worst Actor (Male) for “Gunday”, Kapoor won over Ajay Devgn, Salman Khan,

Saif Ali Khan and Rani Mukerji, who was nominated in the men's category. Other winners at the Indian version of the Golden

Katrina Kaif: 'Our job is to act and to be a part of a good film'

Amitabh 'honoured' to attend Mahatma Gandhi statue unveiling in London

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mitabh Bachchan has said he was "honoured and humbled" to unveil a historic bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in London. The actor joined dignitaries including British prime minister David Cameron and Indian finance minister Arun Jaitley for the historic unveiling of the statue in Parliament Square. Sharing his excitement on Twitter, the 72-year-old star wrote: "A historic moment

and a historic presence... I am honoured and humbled. The unveiling of the statue of Mahatma Gandhi at Parliament Square, London, and invited to read from his work. "T 1790 - A moment in history - the unveiling of the statue of Mahatma Gandhi at Parliament Square, London, and invited to read from his work. "At the unveiling the respect and dignity given... So humbling. David Cameron, Arun Jaitley, Gopal Gandhi and self on stage! Honour," he added. Bachchan, was also invited to read out an excerpt from Gandhi's “The World of Tomorrow”. Posting images from the day on Twitter, the “Shamitabh” star wrote in his blog: "My 4th visit to historic 10, Downing Street... The meeting with the PM of GB, and walking with him and other dignitaries to event! Walking through the portals of the Foreign Office of the Commonwealth, once the largest power house of the World! Incredible feel," he wrote. Mahatma Gandhi's statue joins the figures of many prominent world leaders at London's Parliament Square, including former British prime minister Winston Churchill and anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela. (Digital Spy)

Ranveer Singh: 'I still love and respect Aamir Khan'

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anveer Singh has said he loves and respects Aamir Khan despite the PK star's public criticism of the AIB

Roast. Khan described the comedy roast of Singh and Arjun Kapoor as "violent" for its use of profanity and graphic sex jokes. Speaking at the India Today Conclave 2015, he told IANS: "Even though Aamir did not like AIB Roast, I still love him and respect him from the bottom of my heart." The 29-year-old went on to praise Khan for his contribution to Indian cinema. "He has been a game changer of content. He is the poster boy for blurring the lines between alternate and commercial films. His bravery blends these two worlds," the Ram Leela star said. "All his choices ‘Talaash’, ‘Lagaan’, ‘Rang De Basanti’, ‘Taare Zameen Par’, they were all integrated. They mix the best of both worlds. "He made commercial successes of the kind if content you couldn't have imagined would be commercially viable. He is a revolution." The “PK” star faced a backlash from

Raspberry Awards include “Humshakals” (Worst Film), Tiger Shroff (Worst Debut) and Prabhu Deva (Worst Director). (Digital Spy)

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atrina Kaif has said she is more concerned with working on good films rather than bagging projects with the Khans. The actress, who has starred with Shah Rukh Khan, Salman Khan and Aamir Khan,

said her priority is to do good work. "People want to work with them (the Khans) because they are icons of Hindi cinema, but I don't think people are saying that that's all they want to do," she told IANS. "If you are an actor, your job is to act and to be a part of a good film and do good work." Kaif added that there are strong roles for women in movies today. "Even in the films which I've done with Salman and Shah Rukh - Ek Tha Tiger and em Jab Tak Hai Jaan - both were extremely strong roles for me, for any girl to do. So, I don't think it's just about whom you are acting with," she explained. "I've worked with actors like Govinda, Irrfan Khan, John Abraham and Neil Nitin Mukesh. It's all been amazing." Kaif is currently filming for Abhishek Kapoor's “Fitoor”, in which she will be seen opposite “Aashiqui 2” actor Aditya Roy Kapur. (IANS)

Shah Rukh Khan: ‘Fan’ is inspiring

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hah Rukh Khan has taken to Twitter to share the experience of shooting for “Fan”. Although the actor suffered an on-set injury, he insisted that he is revelling in the shoot for the film directed by Maneesh Sharma. He tweeted: "Serious Ouch time! Hamstring shaken fortunately not stirred. Injections galore, running like a duck. Not that I don't like ducks but it sucks!" In the following post, he shared a picture of himself wearing pink leggings, writ-

ing: "A day comes in every macho mans life when he has to wear pink leggings &

he hopes at least his daughter approves." In another photo he is seen running around the streets of Croatia being chased by a bike rider during a scene. The actor went on to praise the cast and crew of the film, saying: "think we are making a film from our hearts. Fan. So inspiring. Dinner with the crew that has made me see me differently & believe in me." “Fan” is scheduled to release later this year. (Digital Spy)

Anushka Sharma: 'We want actors for next production, not stars'

A many of his industry peers after he revealed he personally rebuked Karan Johar, Singh and Kapoor for their participation in the show First Information Report (FIR) was registered against the stars. Meanwhile, the Maharashtra government has said that it will investigate if the roast violated laws. The stand-up comedy collective have cancelled their forthcoming live show in Pune. (IANS)

nushka Sharma has said that she will approach actors and not stars for her next home production. The actress makes her debut as a producer in “NH10”, a road trip thriller which also stars Neil Bhoopalam. Sharma told IANS: "We will approach actors, and not stars for our next [production]. If the actor is a star, that's a different thing. "Scripts are going to be the star, and we are going to choose them smartly. Everyone is looking for good work. We will take them according to the films. "I want to do unique things and I would like to set new trends," she added. The movie, about a road trip that goes awry leading to tragedy, is said to be inspired by real-life events. (IANS)


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MARCH 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine

15

Times Trends

Trending Now

Star of the week

Must-Have Gadgets for the Home

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uturistic security systems and even washing machines can now work together to make your homes more digital than ever. Here are a few new gizmos that are going to catapult your abode into the future.

Petcube

Feeling guilty about leaving your furry friends at home? Petcube is a video-camera system that allows you to remotely tune in to what your pets are up to. There's also a built-in mic so you can talk to your pup or kitty. You can even enable a laser pointer to entertain 'em! So fun. It's available now for US$199.

H20 Smart Pot

If you're guilty of killing too many houseplants, this H20 pot accessory is your saviour. Attach a water bottle to the Bluetooth-enabled device, and it'll use its database of over 7,000 plants to release the ideal amount of water into your pot It is expected to release later this year.

LG TWIN Wash System

LG's new TWIN Wash System has a second washer beneath the main machine, which means you can do two loads at once. That's right — colours and whites or towels and delicates can be tumbled at the same time. It's also connected to Wi-Fi, so you can start your load while you're across town and receive notifications when your clothes are ready for the dryer. The company has yet to state the pricing.

Sengled Snap

It's way more than a light bulb. The Sengled Snap is a light fixture that actually doubles as a security system, with a motion sensor, microphone, wireless camera, and facialrecognition software programmed in. The bulb will be available later this year.

Leaf Smart Air Purifier

Leaf is the smart air purifier you never knew you needed. With the smartphone app, you can apply air quality standards set by such organizations as the World Health Organization. The purifier itself uses a woven filtration system to remove particles from the air. Sensors in the Leaf can also measure such particles, displaying the current state of air quality in your home on a device. You can preorder it on http://www. usvigilant.com/leaf/

The Ring

With the swipe of your hand, you can open your curtains or turn on your TV with the Ring, a gesture-controlled device. Many actions can be programmed into the wearable, and it's not just limited to the home. Ring is on sale for around US$130. For more info, check out http://logbar.jp/ring/en/

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trikingly beautiful and very eloquent, 19-year-old Shalisa Harripersaud is currently vying for the Miss Global International 2015 crown. Shalisa is pursuing a diploma in the business management field at the Business School and aspires to one day own her own business. Although she has no experience in pageantry, Shalisa is confident she would competently represent her country. The contestant is no stranger to the catwalk; she has modeled for popular Guyanese designers Jason Shurland, Melicia Partab and Hashim Alli. If she is chosen as the winner for Miss Global International 2015, Shalisa would use the opportunity to market her country as an ultimate tourist destination. Other than pageantry and modeling, Shalisa enjoys reading, making others smile, and spending quality time with family and friends.


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March 22, 2015

Times Art

Guyanese artist captures African culture in thought-provoking paintings

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Artist Philbert Gajadhar explains his art at a past exhibition at Castellani House

n the 1980s, UG lecturer and prominent national artist Philbert Gajadhar began a gradual intellectual interrogation of his works’ content and its specificity to a singular ethno-cultural group within a multi-cultural context. This was fuelled by the similarities he observed between the traditional African practices described to him by Dr Doris Rogers, (based on her experiences in Africa) and those he observed among Hindus in Guyana. However, his interrogation did not materialise in his art of the period; the germination had only begun. Gajadhar’s musuku tree (a Bemba symbol of fertility) did not burst forth from the soil and bear fruit until

"Bana mayo bafuma kumabala III - Women from the farm" (2012)

his time in Botswana (20032006) led him to Zambia, and a personal journey that resulted in a deep familiarising with Bemba culture, deepened by a further five months spent between 2012 and 2013. Gajadhar approaches his reference to Bemba culture from lived reality. His is not an artificial study of a culture of fascination for a superficial transplantation of its symbols, lore and beliefs. Gajadhar has integrated Bemba with his Hindu identity and multicultural situation of nurture. Consequently, while the paintings are largely instructive on an aspect of Bemba culture and belief, they reinforce the points of synchronicity with Guyanese culture, even offering in some instances traditional symbolism and, by extension, memory for quotidian objects whose symbolism was lost to the agonies of the impositions on the African in South American space. The hoe, for instance, has significance in relation to the hut and the pestle in relation to the mortar. These find presence in Gajadhar’s imagery.

Gajadhar’s paintings are largely based on the chisungu ceremony of the Bemba. Through the ceremony, a girl is initiated into womanhood as she is instructed on her duties as a wife and a mother. Within the ceremony, ceremony-specific wall and floor paintings are made and special pottery dug up from secret hiding places and used. These objects of ceremonial art are called Mbusa. Each Mbusa has an associated didactic song and dance, and through their use reflect the Bemba belief that by seeing rather than hearing one is better able to learn. In like manner to Caribbean song, the songs of the Bemba have double meanings so they can be sung among children and their true meaning not be discerned. In Guyanese queh queh, the dances/mimetic acts are performed and the initiated girl is expected to mimic the actions of the performers; this mimicry is a demonstration of learning. If she successfully performs her mimetic acts, she performs a special closing action as she says, “With

me, I have grown, I have just picked the beads.” These beads would have been used to bless the ceremony and the ceremony’s matron with right words to inspire the young woman to be a good wife and a good mother. While Gajadhar’s content is informed by the Bemba, his aesthetic is a culmination of stages in his journey exploring the technical nuances of his medium and the synthesising of influences from artists as diverse as Dudley Charles, Bernadette Persaud, Wifredo Lam and Picasso. From Charles he claims influence on his use of colour, the layering of paint in washes, and the manner of “breaking up” of figures and the space within the picture plane. These influences from Charles are evident and not surprisingly, as he claims Charles as his most significant artist-influence. Mwansa cembe – the white eagle and Mafwasa – the heart stones, the most recent of the paintings, show Gajadhar returning to his early aesthetics source – Dudley Charles (and by extension Wifredo Lam). As with songs, Gajadhar’s paintings read differently depending on one’s situation of initia-

tion. “My paintings discuss the iconography of the Bemba figuratively or abstractly. [To] some things, I react abstractly [and to others] figuratively. The primitive flatness of the figure reflect the folk art

tradition of Zambia and the colours [are] of the African sunset with each [...] carefully contained within its own space,” Gajadhar explained. (Text by Akima McPherson, Lecturer, Division of Arts, University of Guyana)

"Ngombe Naimita - The Pregnant Woman" (2013)

"Amabala - The Gardens" (2013)

"Amatabeto I - Welcoming a man (husband) to a girl's family" (2012)


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March 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine 17

Times Tech

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pple Inc. is reportedly planning to launch an online TV service, which will be available on its devices like the Apple TV. The company is currently in discussions with networks like ABC, CBS and Fox to launch a TV bundle service consisting of about 25 channels. NBCUniversal, the report said, is not included. The service is said to be priced at US$30 to US$40 (approx. GUY$6,300 GUY$8,300) a month, and will launch its TV service

Tech BYTE

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Windows Hello Says Goodbye to Passwords

icrosoft on Tuesday announced Windows Hello, a feature that allows users to access computers and devices running Windows 10 via face recognition, iris identification or fingerprint matching. In addition, the company introduced Microsoft Passport, a programming system that IT managers, software developers and website authors can use

Tech BYTE

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this September after an announcement in June, the Wall Street Journal said, citing executives “with knowledge of the matter.” The service would reportedly work with Apple devices like the iPhone, iPad and Apple TV. It won’t include channels like NBC, USA and Bravo because of a dispute between Apple and Comcast, which owns NBCUniversal, the Journal reported.

for signing in to websites and applications. Passport uses Hello or a PIN to identify users, who then can access websites and apps deploying Passport without the need for a password. Passport eliminates the need for passwords to be stored online where they can be stolen. Microsoft sees Hello and Passport as a onetwo punch to password authentication, which has

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Microsoft kills IE, searches for new browser name

icrosoft Tuesday confirmed that the new default browser in Windows 10 would not be called "Internet Explorer," essentially marking the end of a 20-year reign by the nameplate. A new name was not disclosed, however. "We're right now researching what the new brand, or the new name, for our browser should be in Windows 10," said Chris Capossela, Microsoft's chief marketing officer, during a discussion of branding Monday at t h e firm's Convergence conference. "We'll continue to have Internet Explorer, but we'll also have a new browser called Project Spartan, which is code-

Tech news

N ly mean it won't be certified as a "Swissmade" timepiece. Google has thrown its considerable promotional weight behind Android Wear in recent months—even debuting an Android Wear ad on the day of Apple's big Apple Watch unveiling earlier this month. (PC)

Survey finds Internet has negative impact on morality

he landscape of the Internet looks vastly different today than it did many years ago when most of us first hit the web. Do today’s newcomers see it in a positive light? A new study from Pew Research polled residents in 32 emerging and developing nations about the influence that the Internet is having on their society. Of those questioned, 42 per cent said the net has had a bad influence on morality while 30 per cent provided the same an-

swer as it relates to politics. Of all the individual countries polled, none said the Internet has had a positive influence on morality. The Internet isn’t allevil, however, as an overwhelming 64 per cent of respondents believe it has had a good influence on education. Similarly, 53 per cent said it has influenced personal relationships in a positive manner while 52 per cent said the same about the impact on the economy. (Tech Spot)

intendo has reached an agreement that will see its intellectual property finally arrive on mobile devices, CEO Satoru Iwata announced Tuesday at a hastily called briefing. Nintendo made the leap to smartphones and tablets as mobile publisher DeNA and Nintendo entered a capital alliance, in which they'll trade a portion of their stock and develop games for smart devices.

Tech news

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named Project Spartan. And we have to name the thing." 'Microsoft' is expected to be part of the name the company picks. According to its studies, "Microsoft" is the best branding choice. "The brand is just incredibly strong. While Windows is a strong brand and Office is a strong brand, the Microsoft brand is actually the strongest one we have," Capossela said. For all its improvements over the years, IE continues to drag along past baggage of negativity, notably a reputation -- gained from earlier versions, notably IE6 -- as difficult for developers and site designers to support and an alsoran in speed and Web standards-support. (CiteWorld)

Nintendo coming to mobile devices

Intel, Google, TAG Heuer Team Up for Luxury Smartwatch

ntel and Google are joining Swiss watchmaker TAG Heuer to design and launch a luxury smartwatch by the end of the year, the three companies announced Thursday at the Baselworld Watch and Jewellery Show in Basel, Switzerland. The so far unnamed smartwatch will be powered by an Intel-designed chipset and run Android Wear, Google's modified version of its Android mobile operating system, which is optimized for wearables. The device could arrive any time between October and December. TAG Heuer will design the watch itself, bringing the prestige and skill of Swiss watchmaking to the venture, although factors like where the future smartwatch is assembled and manufactured will like-

Tech BYTE

become increasingly insecure over time. “Today, passwords are the primary method most of us use to protect our personal information, but they are inconvenient and insecure,” noted Microsoft Operating Systems Vice President Joe Belfiore. There are some caveats to Windows Hello. For example, it requires a Windows 10 software upgrade, as well as hardware equipped with an Intel Real Sense 3D camera for its facial and iris recognition capabilities. Hello will be an option -- not a requirement -- for Win 10 users. However, Microsoft is emphasizing that the technology is secure. (Source: Tech News World)

Tech news

The news comes as a number of companies look to offer lower-cost TV packages to consumers (also called “cord cutters”) avoiding large cable bills in favour of streaming video. (ibiTimes)

Nintendo hasn't said which of its games and characters it will offer on these devices; only that it “will release the content which will be suited for playing on smart devices.” The move is expected to draw more young people into the Nintendo environment. While new titles or new iterations of current ones will arrive for both consoles and mobile devices, Nintendo won't try to make its gaming experiences uniform across all devices, according to Iwata. Tablets won't be receiving ports of Donkey Kong Tropical Freeze or Mario Galaxy 2, or any other console title. For years, consumers and investors have urged Nintendo to open up its IP to mobile devices. However, aside from a Pokémon trading card game, the company has dismissed the idea, fearing it would harm its handheld business. (Source: Tech News World)

Net neutrality rules let FCC police future ISP conduct

he U.S. Federal Communications Commission's new net neutrality rules allow the agency to police future network management practices and business models rolled out by broadband providers, raising concerns among critics that an activist commission will inject itself into ISP board rooms. "We don't really know where this is going to go, but the FCC is going to

sit there as a referee," Republican FCC member Ajit Pai said Wednesday, during a Senate hearing. "The problem is, nobody even knows what the game is, what the rules are." FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler and other supporters of the net neutrality rules have defended the future conduct standard, saying it's an attempt by the agency to keep an eye on ISPs without adopting

overly restrictive bans on business plans. The net neutrality regulations contain so-called bright-line rules prohibiting broadband providers from selectively blocking or throttling legal Web traffic and from charging Web-based services from paying for prioritized traffic, but the future conduct standard gives the FCC the authority to prohibit other practices going forward. (Computer World)


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MARCH 22, 2015

Times Home & Cooking

Recipe of the Week

Kedgeree Ingredients

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he credenza is known as a sideboard or buffet, even a bookcase, especially one without any legs. It takes its name from a credence (credenza is Italian for credence) which is a small table where the bread and wine rest before consecration in Christian services, and later a Renaissance sideboard used mainly to rest a

valuable item like a plate upon. (Perhaps you can see the ecclesiastic connection to its reputation as a lofty noun from this.) It has been found in many homes since, but, in keeping with the clean lines of modern furniture, the credenza over the years has lost some of its ornateness.

A media credenza. Nowadays credenzas are also used to house (and hide) electronic or tech equipment in the home, or paper and office supplies

400g flaked salmon lemon (3 slices, optional) 300ml milk 3 eggs (hard-boiled) 60g butter

1 onion, finely chopped 2 tsp cayenne pepper (optional) 200g long grain rice 1litre chicken stock (or water)

Method Put the flaked salmon or smoked haddock in a deep frying pan with the lemon, cover with milk and simmer for 6 minutes or until cooked through Remove the fish taking care to remove any bones Melt the butter in a frying pan, add the onion and cook for 5 minutes Add the cayenne pepper and cook for another 2 minutes Add the rice, stir to coat in the oil, pour in the chicken stock, bring to the boil, and simmer until the stock is absorbed and the rice is cooked The length of time depends on the rice you're using so you may need to add more water to stop it boiling dry before the rice is cooked Add the fish and eggs and mix in carefully Serves 4

GREATEST KITCHEN TIPS

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eplace the breadcrumbs in pasta dishes with finely chopped nuts for extra flavour and a shot of protein. When sautĂŠing onions, add a pinch of baking soda. It speeds browning and cuts cooking time practically in half. SautĂŠ vegetables in broth instead of butter or oil. It's healthier, and you'll have crispy, seasoned vegetables without using heated, oxidized oil (which can cause freeradical damage in the body). Pour in just enough broth to cover the bottom of the pan, and cook, lid on, until tender.

The credenza remains popular in dining rooms

Credenzas sit low to the ground, often flanked by taller cabinets, which allow for wall hangings or shelves

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HOME HELP

f you keep your freezer in a storeroom outside the home, always wipe the outside of the freezer with a small amount of methylated spirits on a soft cloth. This will prevent rusting. Never wipe with water as this encourages rusting. If you burn a saucepan, boil up water and vinegar in it and leave to soak overnight. Run vinegar through the washing machine every six months to keep it fresh. If you have an aquarium, save the water each time you change it and water your houseplants with it. It's full of nutrients and makes a great fertiliser.


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MARCH 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine19

Family Times

PARENTING

The most important life skills your child needs to learn

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ife skills are essential for any human being, and learning them begins practically from the moment a child is capable of learning. These skills will help him or her to be happy and successful throughout childhood, adolescence and ultimately adulthood. 1.Self-discipline. When it comes to money, chores, homework and time management, children need to learn self-discipline. A self-disciplined child grows up to successfully manage her/his own money, job, personal and so-

Reflections

cial responsibilities, and time. 2. Social skills. Children need to learn how to share, speak to and generally interact with others. Having this life skill can make a strong impact in adulthood. 3. Healthy decision-making. Children need to learn problem-solving skills. From school problems to friendship issues, children need to be guided so that they learn to make good decisions, which would carry on into adulthood. 4. Impulse control. Children need to develop impulse control to avoid impatience, frustration and other such negative attitudes. Impulse

control helps a child manage his behaviour, his academic progress and social relationships, which remains with him throughout life. 5. Emotional regulation. Children must learn to manage their emotions. If a child is angry, for example, he should be taught that negative outbursts or aggression is not an option. 6. Confidence. When a child gains confidence in herself, it means she is learning from her mistakes, able to accept criticism and has a positive approach when tackling her problems. A confident child would be more independent in her adult world than one who lacks self-esteem.

A Criticism of Critics How often have the critics, trained To look upon the sky Through telescopes securely chained, Forgot the naked eye. Within the compass of their glass Each smallest star they knew, And not a meteor could pass But they were looking through. When a new planet shed its rays Beyond their field of vision, And simple folk ran out to gaze, They laughed in high derision. They railed upon the senseless throng Who cheered the brave new light. And yet the learned men were wrong, The simple folk were right Robert Fuller Murray

inspiring stories

The Mare and the Fawn S tories of unlikely animal friendships abound on the internet. While it is sometimes hard to knowthe actually true stories, there are officially documented cases of animal friendships from odd pairings such as owls and dogs, monkeys and capybaras, a leopard and a cow or cheetahs and a dog, to name a few. There are also amazing stories of animals rescuing other animals, like Bonnie, a Morgan Quarter horse who rescued a newborn fawn. It was the sometime in June 2006 on his farm in Montana USA, when owner Bob Muth noticed a coyote family keeping tabs on a white-tailed doe that was giving birth in the barnyard. It wasn’t long

JOKES

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he weightlifting champion was always bragging about his strength. Everybody was tired of listening to him boast. Finally, an old man had an idea. “I bet you,” he said to the weightlifter, “That I can wheel something around the block in a wheelbarrow - but you can’t wheel it back.” The weightlifter looked the old man up and down and said, “I’ll take that bet!” The old man smiled, gripped the handles of the wheelbarrow and said to the weightlifter, “Hop in please.”

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family that spent their vacation on a farm the year before wanted to return. But the only thing they thought was wrong with the farm was the noise made by the pigs.So they wrote to the farmer to ask him if the pigs were still there. The farmer wrote back: “Don’t worry. We haven’t had any pigs on the farm since you were here.”

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motorist travelling to the backwoods came to a stream whose bridge had washed away. He saw a hillbilly sitting nearby whittling a stick. “How deep is this stream?” the motorist asked. “Not too deep,” the hillbilly said. “Think I can drive across it?” “Shucks, I reckon ya can,” said the hillbilly. So the motorist drove into the stream -- and the car sank immediately. He barely escaped with his life. “I thought you said I could drive across! That stream was at least 10 feet deep!” he said angrily to the hillbilly. The hillbilly scratched his head. “Funny,” he mumbled, “it only reaches up to the middle of the ducks.”

before the coyotes began trying to separate the newborn from its mother. According to Muth, one coyote was trying to distract the doe while another coyote was circling behindthe fawn to grab it. However, while watching the impending tragedy in front of him, and before he could try to help, Bonnie the mare stepped in between the fawn and the coyotes. She then placed herself over the fawn. Seeing the horse planted firmly in front of them, the coyotes gave up and went away. Muth said he believes that the coyotes knew they didn’t stand a chance with the mare. After the coyotes left, the mare licked and nudged the fawn to stand. The fawn managed to stand and even tried nursing but the mare was too high up. The event lasted about 20 minutes, after which the doe, re-

(Photo: animalliberationfront)

covered from the birth and able to stand, called to her fawn. The two made their way to the fence where the doe jumped over and the fawn squeezed through to disappear into the forest.

Bonnie meanwhile, leaned over the top rail, watched, and whinnied as they left. (Source: “Unlikely Friendships”by Jennifer S. Holland (2011) The Mare and the Fawn, Page 97)

By Grammar G

Grammagram: Y U UU 1F-10 2

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f you have ever written the letters, ‘IOU’ then congratulations, you wrote a grammagram-- and the promissory note, “I owe you”. Grammagrams are wordsor sentences when pronounced are entirely letter sounds(or number sounds). Examples of grammagrams include: NE (Any), XL (Excel), MT (Empty), IC (Icy) NME (Enemy), DVS (Devious), CDB (See the bee) RKDN (Arcadian), XLNC (Excellency) or, adding other characters: LMN8 (Eliminate) XPDNC (Expediency), CNMNE (Sea anemone) or XNR-8-N (Exonerating) They are not always completely accurate sounding (syllable stretchers like S or ES for “yes”); there are grammagrams likeXLR 8 10 (Exhilarating) or X-10U-A-10 (Extenuating), where

other characters used or substituted sound close. Grammagrams found in phrases or sentences include INVU (I envy you) and ICURDVS (I see you are devious), or, combined with regular words and characters: U are 2 good 2 B 4-FR true. (You are too good to

be forever true). Or letters and numbers only. B4 (Before), F-10 (Often) and B9 (Benign). Seen in writing, double letters are pronounced as the plural names of the letter (PP sounded as peas or UU sounded as use): PP 4 U 2 UU (Peas for you to use)

Today’s texters may be familiar with many more. Nevertheless, text-messaging shortcuts like GR8 (great) are not grammagrams since the letters are not pronounced individually. Grammagrams mustn’t be confused with initialisms, which are words that are actually formed from letter sounds: deejay (DJ), emcee (MC). Abbreviations are not grammagrams. A conversation at a restaurant One famous grammagram conversation goes as follows; see if you can decipher the conversation: “F U N E M?” “S V F M.” “F U N E X?” “S V F X “ “O K L F M N X” See answer to conversation on page 23 Incidentally, the headline reads: ‘Grammagram: Why you use one often too’


20 Times Sunday Magazine

MARCH 22, 2015

guyanatimesgy.com

Times Sunday Puzzle

Complete the words below using three consecutive letters in alphabetical order, e.g. _ _ A _ U S; add A B and C it would become ABACUS. 1. C O _ _ E _ 2. _ _ _ O R M 3. S O _ E _ _ 4. _ U _ G _ L 5. S _ O _ _ Y 6. _ O B U _ _ see solution on page 23

see solution on page 23

see solution on page 23


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MARCH 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine 21

Times Kids

Creature Corner

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Owl Monkey

he owl monkey (of the genus Aotus) is also known as Night monkey or Douroucouli because of its nocturnal lifestyle. It is the only monkey known to be active at night instead of during the day. The owl monkey leaves its sleeping site at about 15 minutes after sunset and,after foraging and eating during the night, returns at sunrise every day. They are widely distributed across southern Central America and northern South America. Some species of the genus are found only in certain places in these regions. Owl monkeys are frugivores ( they specialize in eating fruits) and supplement their diet with flowers, insects, nectar, and leaves. They are skilful at grabbing flying insects out of the air or snatching them off of a branch. According to the Primate Info Net of the National Primate Research Centre, University of Wisconsin, owl monkeys have been successfully employed in biomedical research on malaria since the 1960s because of their natural resistance to the parasites that cause the disease.

The objective of the game is to fill all the blank squares in a game with the correct numbers. Every row of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order. Every column of 9 numbers must include all digits 1 through 9 in any order. Every 3 by 3 subsection of the 9 by 9 square must include all digits 1 through 9.

please see solution on page 23

Word Scramble

Buildings Unscramble the letters to find famous Guyanese places

aYaamnanU

………………………………………………

HaseetotuS

………………………………………………

nLrartiNoabayil ……………………………………………… ssitlaaoeenlHuC ……………………………………………… MmWeesulrtoRauht …………………………………………… see answers on page 23

Spot the Difference

How many differences can you find between the two pictures?

Colouring Fun

see answers on page 23


22 Times Sunday Magazine

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MARCH 22, 2015

World of Wonder

FIRST LADIES OF THE WHITE HOUSE EXPLORING THE REALMS OF HISTORY, SCIENCE, NATURE AND TECHNOLOGY

PART THREE OF FOUR — COLLECT ALL FOUR AND MAKE A GIANT POSTER

Cut and attach to Part Two

Some great quotes I live a very dull life here ... indeed I think I am more like a state prisoner than anything else. ­— Martha Washington Great minds discuss ideas; average minds discuss events; small minds discuss people. — Eleanor Roosevelt Perhaps no place in any community is so totally democratic as the town library. The only entrance requirement is interest. — Lady Bird Johnson There are many little ways to enlarge your child's world. Love of books is the best of all. — Jackie Kennedy You may not always have a comfortable life, and you will not always be able to solve all of the world's problems at once, but don't ever underestimate the importance you can have, because history has shown us that courage can be contagious and hope can take on a life of its own. — Michelle Obama

Failed marriages Three first ladies had first marriages that ended in divorce. Rachel Donelson Jackson divorced her first husband Lewis Robards. Rachel died a few months before Andrew Jackson took office and is not considered an official first lady. Abandoned by her common-law husband, Florence Kling Harding was granted a divorce in 1886. Betty Ford is the third presidential wife whose first marriage ended in divorce.

Changing times In the 20th century, it became acceptable for first ladies to take on responsibilities apart from the traditional role of planning and hosting White House events and parties. The invention of radio and television made these women more visible to the public and allowed them to take on challenging political and social issues.

Eleanor Roosevelt

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) Wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States from 1933 to 1945. This outspoken woman transformed the role of first lady by becoming actively involved in many political issues. She gave press conferences, wrote a newspaper and magazine column and hosted a weekly radio show. Eleanor was famous for her humanitarian work and supported equality for women and blacks. After Franklin died, Eleanor served in the United Nations. Elizabeth Virginia “Bess” Truman (1885-1982) Wife of Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. It could be said that Bess was a reluctant first lady. She was not happy when her husband accepted the role of vice president to Franklin Roosevelt, and her fears came true when Roosevelt died and Truman became president. Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Johnson (1912-2007) Wife of Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969. Known as Lady Bird since childhood, this capable first lady worked behind the scenes and helped fund her husband's campaign for president. She was a strong advocate of civil rights and education for women. Jacqueline Lee “Jackie” Kennedy Onassis (1929-1994) Wife of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States from 1961 to 1963. Jackie was famous for her beauty, style and elegance. She was much loved by the American people, who mourned with her when John F. Kennedy was assassinated.

Bess Truman

Lady Bird Johnson

Surprising facts Bess Truman worked as her husband’s salaried Senate aide. She never gave an interview as first lady. Mamie Eisenhower appeared in television commercials promoting her husband for president. Mamie Eisenhower

Thelma Catherine “Pat” Nixon

Pat Nixon was the (1912-1993) (1896-1979) first first lady to Wife of Richard Nixon, 37th Wife of Dwight D. Eisenhower, wear pants 34th president of the United States president of the United States from in public. Betty Ford was a professional dancer and dance teacher.

from 1953 to 1961. Mamie’s public image was that of a dedicated wife and homemaker who focused her energies on keeping her husband healthy and happy. In private, she was her husband's confidant.

Trim here and attach to Part Four

Elizabeth Ann “Betty” Ford (1918-2011)

Wife of Gerald Ford, 38th president of the United States 1969 to 1974. This reserved first from 1974 to 1977. This politically active woman worked on many lady had the opportunity to travel key issues of her day. She helped often. She created a variety of innovative White House tours and establish the Betty Ford Center, a treatment center for people made them multilingual and accesaddicted to drugs and alcohol. sible to the blind and deaf.

Jackie Kennedy


guyanatimesgy.com

MARCH 22, 2015

Times Sunday Magazine 23

World Times

Word Scramble 1. aYaamnanU is Umana Yana. 2. HaseetotuS is State House. 3. nLrartiNoabayil is National Library. 4. ssitlaaoeenlHuC is Castellani House. 5. MmWeesulrtoRauht is Walter Roth Museum.

Spot the Difference

Peru artists divided over removal of Lima murals

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ima’s decision to paint over murals in its historic centre has created a division within the city’s artistic community, with one prominent painter defending the municipality’s decision to erase the art. Lima Mayor Luis Castañeda confirmed that his administration was painting over murals that were commissioned during the administration of his predecessor and political rival, Susana Villarán. Villarán’s administration, a strong supporter of the arts, had paid for the paintings in an attempt to spruce up Lima’s gritty downtown, whose colonial architecture has been falling apart for years despite the area being named a UNESCO World Heritage Site more than 25 years ago. Several of the murals have now been covered by yellow paint, the colour of Castañeda’s right-wing Solidaridad Nacional party. “The murals don’t go with the Historic Centre of Lima,” Castañeda said. “Tomorrow [Friday March 13] all of the murals in central Lima are going to disappear,” he said in comments broadcast on AmericaTV. Most artists and political progressives have come out against Castañeda’s move.

On Saturday, the director of Lima Museum of Art (MALI), Natalia Majluf, said she would prefer the murals not be erased. The MALI is Lima’s top arts museum. “Many people in the cultural field feel the same way,” she said on RPP Noticias. “I understand that those murals were done within a plan for public auctions and they should be respect-

ed.” However at least one prominent artist, Fernando de Szyszlo, supports Castañeda’s decision, saying that the historic centre is no place for the brightly coloured murals. “The murals completely deform the architecture. They distort the vision of the city,” he said.(Peruvian Times)

Ongoing battle with public urination may have a new ally Wordplay F U N E M? (Have you any ham) S V F M. (Yes, we have ham) F U N E X? (Have you any eggs) S V F X (Yes, we have eggs) O K L F M N X (OK, I'll have ham and eggs) (Wasn’t that EZ?)

Brain Teaser Answer 1. Corset 2. Deform 3. Solemn, Sorest

SUDOKU

4. Cudgel 5. Snoopy 6. Robust

KID SUDOKU

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n Hamburg, Germany, the St. Pauli red light district is one of its top entertainment destinations, attracting as many as 20 million visitors a year with its mix of popular nightclubs and legal prostitution. However, according to engadget, outsiders routinely relieve themselves against walls (and just about any other vertical surface they can stumble into) which leaves much of the mile-long St. Pauli stretch smelling like a latrine. The St. Pauli merchants association is fighting back by coating the most heavily trafficked walls with UltraEver Dry, a hyper-hydrophobic nano paint originally developed by Nissan. When urine (or vomit) hits this paint, it splashes back with a vengeance, soaking the offender's pants and shoes with his own mellow yellow

filth. Even more insidious, the merchants association has only posted warning signs on some of the treated surfaces, so you'll never be sure if it's going to be you or the wall getting hosed. The German city may have found just the weapon Calcutta would love to use in the fight to save its walls from the pee brigade, says the Telegraph (India). In Calcutta, also described in The Telegraph as “Toilet Town”, the only deterrent to soiling a public or private wall is Section 68A of the Calcutta Police Act 1866, which carries a fine of Rs 10 [GUY$33] for urinating in public. If the fine is a paltry amount, it adds, the police's record of invoking this little-known provision is pathetic.

The paint’s base is made of organic solvents and when applied on a surface, it forms a gel-based coating that creates micro-sized air structures on the wall surface, which acts as a reflector and has super repelling properties. The coating creates a contact angle of 100-150 degrees between the surface and the water droplets, resulting in the urine bouncing back at the person at a certain angle. The technology is like the microstructure of hairs on a lily leaf that make water roll off. The paint has lesser durability when applied on wood or a brick surface. Speaking to some offenders for The Telegraph report, many cited the convenience of urinating whenever they wanted; others said they relieve themselves in public because others do too.

The Philonoist

A Classic Confusion

CROSSWORD

Q: What is the chicken and the egg dilemma?

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he classic question, “Which came first, the chicken or the egg?” has befuddled scientists, philosophers and regular folks alike. The oldest recorded reference to this conundrum goes back to Greek historian Mestrius Plutarchus, born in 46AD. This age-old paradox now has some intriguing -and scientific -- answers. If it is any type of egg then since evolution asserts that birds evolved from reptiles, the first bird that looked like a chicken was a mutant offspring of almostchicken-hybrid parents, one of which laid an egg from which emerged this first chicken-type bird. So the egg came first.

Some researchers in 2010 declared, “the chicken must have come first as the formation of eggs is only possible thanks to a protein found in the chicken’s ovaries.” The egg can therefore only exist if it has been created inside a chicken. Millions of years ago an egg laying spe-

cies created proto chickens that in turn laid proto chicken eggs.Due to some slight change (mutation), one of these eggs produced the first chicken, which in turn would lay the first chicken egg.

Therefore, the chicken came first. Weighing in on the matter, well-known physicist Stephen Hawking says it’s the egg, so too does astrophysicist Neil De Grasse Tyson, who says it’s the egg -- laid by a bird that was not

a chicken. Whether it was from a true chicken or proto/hybrid chicken, a chicken egg or a proto/hybrid chicken egg -the first true chicken came from an egg. Ultimately, the egg came first.


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Times Sunday Magazine

guyanatimesgy.com

MARCH 22, 2015

Fun Times

Archie

Nerves may be on edge at home. Keep your temper un(March 21April 19) der control and make concessions to the people you live with. Ultimatums and demands will only worsen the situation.

ARIES

Not everything is as it apTAURUS pears. Don't rely on anyone's (April 20word. Get your information in May 20) person. It is up to you to find the real story behind what is going on. Health matters may esGEMINI calate if you ignore minor is(May 21sues. Overwork, stress and June 20) worry will take a toll on your physical well-being. Give yourself a chance to relax and rejuvenate.

CANCER (June 21July 22)

Dilbert

Uncertainty will cause a difference of opinion with someone you are close to. Make your intentions clear. It's possible that a feeling of insecurity could be behind any problem that develops.

LEO Taking on too many proj(July 23- ects will put you at a disadvanAug. 22) tage. Be honest about what you can achieve. If you need help, ask. You will lose credibility if you don't meet your obligations. Regardless of what others VIRGO say, don't be cajoled into part(Aug. 23- ing with your hard-earned Sept. 22) cash. What appears to be a foolproof deal may turn out to be just the opposite.

LIBRA Patience and compromise (Sept. 23- will be needed to deal with Oct. 23) family members. Try to work on a resolution that is favorable for everyone. Avoid angry scenes or blowups.

Peanuts

Be clear regarding your SCORPIO ideas and intentions. You (Oct. 24Nov. 22) may be misunderstood or misquoted if you allow others to speak for you. A close friend will let you down. Children or elders will require more attention than SAGITTARIUS usual. You will be offered (Nov. 23valuable advice from someone Dec. 21) reputable. Ask questions to ensure that you know exactly how to put this advice to work for you. Your romantic life will sufCAPRICORN (Dec. 22- fer if you have been spending too Jan. 19) much time at work. Initiate some

Calvin and Hobbes

fun and adventurous activities that would be conducive to love and romance.

Don't be too shy to share AQUARIUS your ideas. You'll be surprised (Jan. 20Feb. 19) by the response you get and the help offered. Productivity will lead to progress and prosperity. Take your time making a PISCES (Feb. 20- major decision regarding your March 20) professional future. Gather all the facts, weigh the pros and cons and sharply negotiate before signing a binding contract.

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