Sunday March 11,2018
The termination of my column in the state-owned media will not still my interest or activism
DEAR EDITOR, It is public knowledge that my contract with the stateowned Guyana National Newspaper Limited (GNNL) for the column “Eye on Guyana with Lincoln Lewis” was terminated. This did not come as a surprise to me for recent developments suggested that the powers that be were not comfortable with my points of view, particularly those that sought to hold them accountable as a caring representative, inclusionary government that is just and fair. Let me state upfront as a trade unionist I understand it is the right of any employer to terminate a contract. What bothers me most is not the mere termination of the contract which is within their right to so do, it is the insidious nature of the act that suggests that Guyana is not moving forward. This termination is interpreted by me an act of suppression in the stateowned newspaper, that is responsible to the people of Guyana, but continues to see government moving to manage and control. It is time for change where every citizen and group, regardless of political affiliation, be given un-biased access and coverage in the people’s organ. A strong and astute government functioning
democratically should have the ability to counter views and create an environment of public education and gain support for their programmes, which will only happen if people see these as progressive and beneficial to them. In reality, this government’s weakness is its inability to avoid public consternation on basic matters and requirements that speak to good governance. In fact, many in this government are thinskinned and petty. In this information/communication era the government should be mindful that they cannot stop the people’s desire for transparency, inclusion and accountability which international expectations and relations are built on. It is backward and counter-productive to want to do otherwise. Society expects successive government to do better than its predecessor because it is based on discontent with the predecessor that the incumbent would have gained power. State media, fundamental rights and freedoms suppression are some of the things the people expressed their discontent with prior to May 2015. These must not now continue under this administration and they must know they will not have our silence
or support. Many supporters and well-wishers are being done an injustice and rightfully feel dissatisfied. For two years I have written the Sunday column “Eye on Guyana with Lincoln Lewis.” In my lifetime as a trade unionist I have discharged of my duties without fear or favour through succes-
sive governments and oppositions. I have held all and sundry accountable. I will not stop now. The termination of this column will not still my interest or activism- it will not still my voice, for as long as they are politicians, leaders or anyone whose action threatens society’s well-being that is conducive to labour’s sur-
vival. They shall hear from me. My eye remains focused on Guyana. This opportunity is taken to thank the many who have supported my column throughout the years and those who offered valued advice, including those who are expressing concern for the implications to society and
development. It would be naïve to think that the Editor-in-Chief Nigel Williams unilaterally disposed of myself and David Hinds as columnists in the state newspaper. Hopefully he will not be made the fall guy for adhering to what is evidently political interference. Lincoln Lewis
posed to be an expanded Skeldon Estate. That went horribly wrong. In addition to migration from Guyana, GuySuCo had to contend with price cuts of more than 35 percent in its biggest market in Europe. Workers were finding other jobs and GuySuCo wanted monies for retooling. With a problematic Skeldon under-performing and sucking monies from GuySuCo, draining its reserves, it all went downhill from there. Today, despite billions of dollars in bailouts, much to the detriment of Guyana, GuySuCo is floundering. It is on the last gasp.
It did not happen under this administration. It started the haemorrhaging long before. Yes, the Granger administration knew the risks. The sugar communities were mainly supporters of the PPP. There is no business in the world that will produce three or four times what is selling for. The board of directors would have been sacked long ago.Jagdeo and Donald Ramotar could not do it. And there is little this government could have done to turn the fortunes around. The configuration had to change. It is against this (Continued on page 6)
Guyana can no longer be held ransom by GuySuCo DEAR EDITOR, There is no doubt we are sailing into uncharted waters in Guyana. There is a new Government, yes, a new one. Systems are being changed. Mistakes are being made. And of course, we cannot discount the impact of oil and the sugar industry…the developments, that is. Oil has brought a whirlwind of debate of the likes we have never seen. People are seeing the future and they want to live the good life. We can never be happy with this oil deal as it is very clear now we failed in our negotiations to ensure that the best possible arrangements were made. As we continue to pay keen attention to oil, on another front Guyanese are dealing with another major
change- sugar. Yes, for some critics, this Coalition Government is doing the unthinkable. They are prepared, at what could surely be a political cost, to bite the proverbial bullet and deal with the fallouts of having a profitable sugar industry. Mr. Editor, nobody can argue the impact of sugar in Guyana. But the writing was on the wall since in the 90s. There were recommendations made, if history teaches us right, to close a number of sugar estates. Of course, former President Cheddi Jagan was dead set against such a suicidal move. Fast forward to 2009, the Bharrat Jagdeo administration plunged headlong into a new factory and what is sup-
Sunday March 11, 2018
Plaisance fire victims say thanks In all my public years, I have never seen such an obsession for all the prayers, love and support DEAR EDITOR, I refer to a letter written by Vishnu Bisram in the SN of March 9, 2018 titled, “Kissoon’s claim does not hold water,” in which he asserts that I was the letter editor at Kaieteur News and prevented publication of his letters. Anyone who follows my activism in Guyana would know that I do not reply to Vishu Bisram. My deeply honest belief is that Mr. Bisram has an unhealthy obsession with me that truly scares me and I have completely ignored him. I have been active in politics in public life for over 50 years and I have never encountered someone so obsessed with me. And if Mr. Bisram was living in Guyana it would have worried me.There was a time about six years ago where Mr. Bisram was writing four letters a week on me. At one time, Dale Andrews and I counted
them in the Chronicle. Against this background, when. Andrews was editor of the letter pages, he refused to carry Bisram’s letters on me. Anyone living in this country and reading the newspapers cannot fail to detect Bisram’s obsession with me. I expect that to happen when you are as public as I am and for that reason I have totally blanked Bisram out of my head.I did a short stint helping with the letters at Kaieteur News because of some staff changes. I came across seriously racist letters by Mr, Bisram that were truly sickening and should never find their way into any newspaper. They were only published by Guyana Times and never appeared in the Stabroek News and Kaieteur News. Mr. Bisram complained to the publisher Glenn Lall who arranged for him to present his complaint to the staff. After he
told the meeting that his letters were not being published. I presented the eleven letters to the meeting that I rejected, reading from four of them when Mr. Lall stopped me and told Bisram that he must take such letters elsewhere. The one that shocked the staff that appeared in Guyana Times was his contention that PNC leaders used to rape and sodomize UG students in the National Service. Mr. Bisram quietly left the meeting. I doubt whether there is any editor of the Kaieteur News, Stabroek News and the Chronicle that would carry such unhealthy things on race that Mr. Bisram writes about. I have known the editor of Guyana Times, Tusika Martin for a long time now and got on very well with her when she worked at Kaieteur News. In fact she was one of my (Continued on page 7)
DEAR EDITOR, On behalf of the Plaisance Fire Victims and myself, I would like to extend our deepest condolences to the grieving family and friends of the late Mr. James Johnson who perished in a fire on (Mashramani Day) Friday, February 23, 2018 which started at the old “Abiola Hotel” located at Lot 41 Victoria Road in Plaisance on the East Coast Demerara, then destroyed three other buildings and left approximately forty persons homeless counting our loss in millions of dollars. As many of you know,
our peaceful lives were turned upside down after we lost the late Mr. James Johnson, our homes and apartments due to a massive fire. It has been a difficult time but we are all thankful that we have life and the Heavenly Father will bless and show us the way to achieve more than what we lost in that massive fire on Mashramani Day. We have truly been blessed with an outpouring of help and support from the churches, Government agencies, Regional Democratic Council of Region 4, Chairman and Councillors, of the Industry/Plaisance
Neighbourhood Democratic Council (NDC). NonGovernmental Organization (NGOs), families, friends and people we don’t know that have rushed to our aid with love, prayers, caring, supportive words and generous financial assistance to the point where we feel almost overwhelmed. Words can’t express our gratitude to each and every one mentioned. We are blessed to have so many people who care for us and those who have done their jobs so well. Our hearts are full of love, respect and thankfulness to all. Rayvonne P. Bourne Plaisance Fire Victim
Guyana can no longer be ... From page 5 background that this administration took on what would be an unpopular decision to change things. There were seven estates. Last year, we learnt that over $32B was plunged into GuySuCo since the Coalition took office.One would wonder why they would want to continue the same thing. On one hand, we are losing billions from a company. On the other, we are being forced to give up a large chunk of our foreign exchange that comes from sugar exports.The closure of four estates- Wales, Rose Hall, Skeldon and Enmore- and placing them in the Special Purpose Unit (SPU) hands and hiring Colvin Heath-London was part of the process. Heath-London appears to
have significant experience in sugar across the region and further afield. This administration has to ensure that four estates remain operational until buyers are found. For GuySuCo to shutter the estates befuddles the mind.I have tremendous respect for Professor Clive Thomas but it is clear he is out of his depth here at GuySuCo. With reports that the Cabinet has approved a new board two weeks ago, there is still a place for keeping the good old professor. He has ideas. He should be an advisor to the new board. SPU will do well to get those estates open early. At least a few jobs will be created.Mr. Editor, people are worried. Go down to the countryside and hear the folks. Yes, we were seeing
only over 60 percent in workers’ turnout in GuySuCo. It contributed to the downfall. But every job created could be one less family on the breadline. The unions have to understand that we have to meet halfway. The rules of engagement have changed. GuySuCo is under a different configuration. It will be tight. We have to ensure that procurement is watched and fixed at GuySuCo and no more inflated prices paid to families and friends of people there. We have to look at mechanization. Hard word. But needed, nonetheless. We have to look at valueadded, molasses and getting rid of lands and other inventories that are no use. The time is now. Intiaz Mohammed
Sunday March 11,2018
Why was it not possible to find a better way to undertake this project? Was no other option available? DEAR EDITOR I would appreciate if you will print this letter for me. The people of inner Bagotville have over the past three weeks experienced what one may call the insensitivity and callousness of the administration of the Ministry of Public Infrastructure. During the Burnham era, a department known as Development Support Communication was established within the Ministry of Works, I think
it was, to inform the public about development works undertaken by the government. That department used radio, newspapers and notice boards to signal when, where, the duration and the agency carrying out that project. Those notices were published long in advance of the commencement of the project and the cooperation and support of the impacted commu-
nities were solicited. It was only after some residents expressed their disgust and dissatisfaction with the lack of notification of the commencement of the project to the media that paltry efforts were expended to mitigate the existing conditions from which residents suffer. Currently, the houses, yards, flower plants on the southern side of the Canal Number one road are covered
with a thick layer of dust. That situation has begun to affect people’s lungs. Some have begun to experience asthmatic conditions. It is only recently that efforts were made to sprinkle water to suppress the dusty storm after each vehicle blaze along the road. Why was it not possible to find a better way to undertake this project? Was no other option available? Hubert C. Roberts
Twenty-five questions for Ms.... From page 4 and Offloading Vessels on a 24/7basis, breach the terms or sanctity of the contract? 15. During your eighteen years as an employee of Exxon Mobil Corporation, has Exxon ever done anything unethical? 16. Are you aware that on February 14, 2017, United States President, Donald John Trump, signed legislation repealing an Obama-era rule that forced energy and mining companies to disclose any payments they made abroad and that Exxon Mobil once lobbied against the Obamaera rule? 17. When you speak of real value in the sanctity of contracts, is your statement applicable to lop-sided contracts that hugely disadvantage one party and is overly generous to the other party? Note to self: An unconscionable contract is unscrupulous, immoral, unjustifiable
and indefensible. 18. Are you aware that sanctimonious and binding slave contracts existed, and release from these contracts was necessitated by the widely held belief that inhumane and unconscionable contracts are unenforceable? 19. Why can’t you compare Exxon Mobil operating in an established region to operating in Guyana, considering that when the agreement was signed in 2016, over 1.4 Billion Barrels of proven low-cost oil reserves were already discovered in Guyana, along with expectations that substantially more oil was in the same oil field and probably much more oil in the Stabroek Block? Note to self: The term frontier country seems to have much in common to countries that President Donald John Trump referred to as Sh..Holes. 20. Isn’t it disingenuous to claim you would not dis-
These women should also be saluted DEAR EDITOR , As celebrations and observances to mark IWD 2018 comes to an end and our womenfolk have been feted, honoured and saluted in all walks of life, spare a thought for the many wives, mothers, daughters, sisters and other womenfolk of sugar workers. These women, particu-
larly those in areas of closed estates, toil every day to make ends meet in the home while providing guidance and sustenance under trying circumstances. Let’s celebrate and salute these women too, who remain the bedrock of their families and communities. Shamshun Mohamed
close the nature of the negotiations for the bonus and yet you still divulge that “in the end” both parties got what they wanted and are satisfied and even if more oil is discovered “there was no possibility of a higher bonus” or incorporation of a production bonus to the agreement? 21. While claiming you can’t comment on closed door negotiations, why do you selectively comment on discussions during closed door negotiations? Note to self: Based on Ms. Brasington’s disclosure that occurred during closed door “negotiations”: Guyana asked for exactly $18 Million signing bonus and it was granted. 22. How can you claim that the 2016 agreement is “actually a globally competitive one relative to countries with
a similar oil and gas profile”? Note to self: Look up the meaning of absolute nonsense. 23. You said the Stabroek Petroleum Agreement “in the case of Guyana was an unproven basin”. In which universe is this true, when at the time of signing the agreement, 1.4 Billion Barrels of proven and recoverable low-cost oil reserves were known to be in the Stabroek Block? 24. With the sanctified Petroleum Agreement being signed on June 27, 2016; why was there a necessity to have the sacred contract finalized on October 7, 2016? 25. Was the $18 Million signing bonus included in the contract signed on June 27, 2016 or was it inserted after the contract signing date? Nigel Hinds
Attorney General Basil Williams was not excluded from Oil and Gas forum for judiciary DEAR EDITOR, I refer to the article in the Saturday, March 10, 2018 edition of the Kaieteur News entitled “Attorney General excluded from Oil and Gas forum for judiciary”. Please be advised that the HonourableActing Prime Minister and Minister of Public Security, Mr. Khemraj Ramkarran, the Honourable Attorney General, Mr. Basil Williams, S.C., the Honourable Mr. Raphael Trotman, Minister of Natural Resources and the Honourable Mr. Joseph Harmon, Minister of State, were formally invited to attend the Joint
Bench and Bar Oil and Gas Law Training and Development Conference which was held March 9 and 10, 2018.A week ago, the Honourable Attorney General orally expressed his regret at not being able to attend due to an overseas engagement. The Honourable Acting Prime Minister, and the Honourable Ministers Trotman and Harmon attended. The Honourable Minister Trotman gave the feature remarks. Sincerely, Sueanna Lovell Registrar of the Supreme Court
In all my public ... From page 6 favourities at KN. She would tell you that at the Survival Supermarket about two years ago, I told her I was totally disappointed in her journalism that she could not see Bisram’s disturbing preoccupation with me in publishing four letters a week on me by Bisram. I vehemently chastised her for this approach to journalism. Since that time, I have seen a discernible pattern of episodic missives on me by Bisram. In closing let me say
that Mr. Bisram’s attitude towards me definitely borders on preoccupation and obsession and I am amazed that his close comrades like Annan Boodram of Caribbean Voice and Ravi Dev have not spoken to him.I have only penned this letter to clear the air that I do not have any authority whatsoever at the Kaieteur News. I will not lower my dignity to reply to his response to this comment here of mine. This comment here may be the last I ever respond to Bisram. Frederick Kissoon
Sunday March 11, 2018
Sleuths receive US training on interviewing techniques
Inspector Don Adam (retired) demonstrating best practices in interviewing skills for investigators during the January 15-19 coaching session The U.S. Government through the Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, launched the Strengthening of the Criminal Justice System in Guyana project in September 2016. The goal of this project is to strengthen the integrity and responsiveness of Guyana’s justice system. A large part of the project focuses on enhancing the knowledge and skills of the Guyana Police Force (GPF). In response to requests by the Guyana Police Force, according to a Government statement, the project continues to work with the force to improve its capacity of GPF ranks to conduct investigations of major crimes and to interview witnesses and suspects in major crime cases. Some of the activities in January included a five-day training on major case management for investigators for 31 ranks; a five-day training on major case management for
investigators for 34 ranks on January 22-26; and a five-day coaching activity on interviewing for previouslytrained ranks. Also held was a five-day training on interviewing witnesses and suspects in major crime cases. “Canadian experts Superintendent Douglas Kiloh (retired) and Superintendent James Hardy (retired) travelled to Guyana to conduct the major case management for investigators training. Both Supt. Kiloh and Supt. Hardy have over 30 years of experience in policing, and extensive exposure to major criminal investigations,” the statement explained. Drawing on the wealth of their experience and using a mock robbery scenario and real-life examples, the trainers led sessions on the principles of major case management, as well as the tools and techniques available to investigators to aid them in conducting investigations. “The trainers also focused
on soft skills essential in policing, including leadership, accountability to the public and commitment to ethical conduct.” Superintendent Douglas Kiloh (retired) reported that “the detectives in the training sessions are showing great interest in building new skills using the concepts of major case management and investigative techniques.” Superintendent James Hardy (retired) feels that the training “will go a long way to improving the quality of investigations for the GPF.” Consistent with its commitment to local ownership and sustainability of project results, the project involved four local GPF trainers to assist in one of the courses. “These trainers will eventually take over the teaching of the entire course. In addition, the project drew on a cadre of local project-trained GPF ranks to expose participants to other areas of expertise within the Police Force that may be rel-
GPF Participants of the major case management for investigators course receiving much needed donated notebooks evant to investigations of major crime. In particular, the Head of the GPF Forensic Video Analysis (FVA) unit conducted a presentation on forensic video, while a project-trained police prosecutor came in to answer participants’ questions on elements of offence.” Canadian interviewing expert Inspector Donald Adam (retired) conducted training and coaching sessions for GPF ranks on interviewing witnesses and suspects in the context of major crimes. Some 22 ranks participated in the interviewing training course.
“Assisted by local GPF trainers, Mr. Adam used a mock scenario to engage participants in a range of handson exercises, which enabled participants to put their interviewing techniques to the test. When asked his view on the impact of the training Adam said that he is “heartened to observe the GPF ranks who are in the courses increase their capacity to interview both suspects and witnesses with modern police techniques. This approach will not only benefit the GPF but the citizens of Guyana.”
Over the course of one week, Judge Michael Hicks of the Provincial Court of British Columbia (retired), along with Project Manager Evelyn Neaman, JES Executive Director Sonia Poulin and JES Country Representative Rolinda Kirton, met with a wide range of stakeholders. These included representatives of the Judiciary, the Guyana Police Force, the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions, and members of the media. “Results of this evaluation will be used to identify lessons learned in the project and to further improve its quality,” the release said.
PPP makes annual pilgrimage to Babu Jaan The People’s Progressive Party (PPP) will be holding its annual tribute to celebrate and commemorate the life and works of its founderleader, the late Dr. Cheddi B. Jagan, today from 15:00 hrs (3:00 p.m.) at Babu Jaan, Corentyne. This year’s tribute will have a special focus since it will be one of the PPP’s main activities in observance of Dr. Jagan’s 100th birth anniversary which is on March 22, 2018. General Secretary of the PPP and former President of Guyana, Dr. Bharrat Jagdeo, will
be the main speaker at the event which will include a number of cultural items. Prior to the formal programme, there will be two simultaneous marches from Williamsburg and Bloomfield to the Babu Jaan site. The marches commences at 14:00 hrs (2:00 p.m.). This forms part of the day’s activities in tribute to Dr. Jagan.Dr. Jagan who passed away on March 6, 1997, also served as the third Executive President of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana.
Sunday March 11,2018
GGDMA slams Business Minister over oil-versus-gas statements The Guyana Gold and Diamond Miners Association (GGDMA) has slammed Minister of Business, Dominic Gaskin’s statements last week on the benefits of oil versus gold. During a seminar organised by the Private Sector Commission (PSC) last year, the minister was emphatic that the benefits of oil production for Guyana when it starts in 2020, will far outstrip what gold has done for Guyana. The yellow metal has been among the biggest foreign currency earners for Guyana in the last decade. The statement of GGDMA said: The Guyana Gold and Diamond Miners Association [GGDMA] is surprised by the recent comparison between gold and oil, made by the Minister of Business, Mr. Dominic Gaskin at a recent oil and gas seminar hosted by the Private Sector Commission [PSC]. The contribution made by the Hon. Minister between the historical contribution of the gold mining sector and the projected contribution of the emergent Oil and Gas Sector, in defending the PSC with Exxon-Mobil, has had the collateral damage effect of him seeming to belittle the historical contribution of the gold mining sector. Now that Minister Gaskin has brought up the comparison of the revenue from oil with the revenue from gold it might be worthwhile to extend the comparison to the investment terms governing the oil sector vis-à-vis those governing the small and medium
Figure 1. Showing Guyana within the top 10 Mineral Dependent Countries Source: ICMM, MCI, Third Edition. Pg.2. https://www.icmm.com/website/publications/pdfs scale gold sector. The local miners might produce eight times as much as they do now if they have unlimited duty free concessions on all equipment and spares together with full write off of exploration expenditures and a generous stability clause as the icing on the cake. Of course good public roads in the interior are a must. Not to forget the technical assistance to improve the gold recovery from 30% to over 80%. The GGDMA would welcome Minister Gaskin’s support of these investment terms for the local Gold and Diamond Mining Sector. In acknowledging the fundamental importance of the Gold and Diamond Mining Sector to Guyana’s economy, the Guyana Gold and Diamond Miners Association [GGDMA] wishes to enlighten the general public of the significant contribu-
tions the sector has made over the years towards the country’s financial and socioeconomic development. A recent 2016 report by the International Council on Mining on Metals (ICMM), the Mining Contribution Index (MCI) affirmed Guyana’s overwhelming dependence on Mining in the National Economy. Figure 1 shows the top ten mineral dependent countries based on the Mining Contribution Index. Over the past decade, mining has been the most significant contributor to the gross domestic product (GDP) of Guyana. The sector continues to play an important role in the national and local economies through the foreign exchange it generates, revenues to the state, direct and indirect employment it provides for indigenous villages and other interior settlements. In addition, a significant number of youth from
Dem boys seh...
Exxon got Guyana struggling wid dem pole Some people would settle fuh anything. If you tek a man off de road who never sell a pound of sugar, or salt or a pint of oil, would you put him to run Courts? Dem boys seh that is exactly wha Hay Heff See and Hap New do to Guyana wid Exxon and dem odda oil company. Dem never sell nutten yet Soulja Bai put Trotman, Harmon, Jordan, Gaskin, Patterson and Greenidge fuh strike a business deal wid Guyana’s wealth. De world see de stick, de shaft or de pole Guyanese get through dem. De lead man was Trotman; he sign de contract and continue to seh things that disrespect de intelligence of de people of this country. Only Friday he seh, “While you may have oil in de ground, you may not be able to touch it. So not because you found oil you have de right to demand high bonuses.” Dem boys find that this is de height of stupidity. You can’t get more stupid than that. He talk like a man who accustom to put he mouth at a standpipe collecting water by de drips and de drops. Then somebody come in he yard, dig up he wealth and fling two bottles of water in he hand and he start jump fuh joy. He don’t realize that de wealth that de man pick up can give him ten warehouse of
drinking water, a waterfalls plus a lake. Or you got de case of de man who does eat salt and pepper wid rice every day. A man come in he backyard, find gold and throw a piece onion in he plate and de man start jump up fuh joy. He don’t realize that wid de gold de man find in he yard, he could eat jumbo prawns, roast duck, baked chicken, and cheese cake fuh dessert. In fact, he can eat anything. He can even own KFC and Burger King fuh life. Had they signed a sensible deal den every Guyanese woulda enjoy dem burddays like de Waterfalls boss man. He celebrate he burdday in grand style, two days ago. He get nuff gifts. One of dem was a gift like wha Exxon give Guyana. He think he get an I-phone from ee niece and get excited. When he open de I-phone box, he get a piece of pone—instead of phone, beautifully wrapped in foil. Everybody laughing and saying de boss get a I-pone instead of I-phone. Dem boys seh is a gift like that Guyana get from Exxon. Instead of I-phone, Exxon give Guyana Ipole. Talk half and hope all who sign and mek Trotty sign that contract, can keep that pole among demself.
urban areas and depressed coastland villages, many of whom are the main breadwinners for their families, find jobs in the mining sector. The Guyana Gold and Diamond Miners Association [GGDMA] heartily commends miners for their outstanding contribution to the economy of Guyana during 2017. Once again local miners produced over 65 % of the gold produced in Guyana. These local miners also provided jobs for urban, rural and interior residents while facilitating commerce in Georgetown and in each of the six mining districts. Local aircraft owners benefited from charters from their Ogle hub to each of the six mining districts; local boat owners benefitted from charters from their hub at Bartica and Parika to the Mazaruni, Cuyuni, and Potaro mining districts. Land transportation owners benefited from charters from hubs in Georgetown, Linden, Bartica, Matthews Ridge, Port Kaituma, Lethem among others. In addition, the tremendous amount of spin-off the Mining Sector creates such as purchases of fuel, hardware, groceries and vegetables cannot be overemphasized. Thus the Gold and Diamond Mining sector supports heavily most of the small local sectors which is maximized. During these particularly challenging times, with a downturn of sugar and sluggish performance of rice and timber, mining performance remains stellar. As old people say “a bird in hand is worth two in the bush” hence, it is in the opinion of GGDMA that any rational individual who recognizes the significance of the industry will place some amount of emphasis on safeguarding its integrity. With Oil on the horizon, Minister Gaskin seems to
Business Minister, Dominic Gaskin have forgotten all about the Gold and Diamond Mining Sector. How unfortunate, when it was the gold and diamond mining sector that was the backbone of Guyana’s economy over the past 10 years. Is it a case where the Minister is forsaking tried and true [Mining and Agriculture] for the shiny and new [Oil and Gas]? It certainly looks so! The GGDMA is quite concerned about the future of the sector and believe that the government should pay more attention to the industry that continues to be the backbone of the economy. The GGDMA wonders if just in anticipation the oil revenue has caused Guyana to contract “Dutch Disease”; why are you going to kill existing industry pillars all for the sake of the many promises of oil? May be they have placed a lot of focus on the oil and gas sector and green transformation without foreseeing the crippling of the mining industry that has supported the
economic growth and stability of our dear country, Guyana. Mining by small and medium scale Miners continue to be the main thrust in supporting economic development, social development and poverty eradication. Hence GGDMA calls upon the policy makers to ensure that priority areas are addressed. The GGDMA also ask these questions “What percentage of ordinary Guyanese stand to benefit from the Oil and Gas sector?” How soon will ordinary Guyanese reap the benefits, if any, from the Oil and Gas sector?” The GGDMA remains steadfast to promote and protect the rights interest and welfare of all miners. In concluding, the Minister of Business will agree that just about all of the Senior Government Official have found time to be seen in the company with the Oil and Gas players, what about some time for the local Gold and Diamond Mining Sector!
OAI uses airport money to set up car park for Correia family Ogle Airport Inc (OAI), the company that manages the Eugene F. Correia International Airport, is being accused of further misconduct. Investors are peeved at the fact that OAI spent airport revenues to construct facilities for the benefit of the Correia Group of Companies. OAI is a shareholding company with the majority of shares being held by the Correia Group of Companies. Several matters have been highlighted showing how OAI acted against the best interest of the airport for the benefit of the Correia family. Recently, OAI penned a letter to the editor of this newspaper saying that some of that which was highlighted is unfounded and cannot be proven. The matter most recently
Sunday March 11, 2018
highlighted by aviation operators using the Eugene F. Correia International Airport is that OAI spent $9M of investors’ money on a car park that is now being used by the Correia group of companies. This newspaper has seen the minutes of an OAI Board meeting held during October 2015. The minutes reflected that while speaking about Capital projects for development, OAI Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Anthony Mekdeci, stated that the company was expending $9M on a car park. Mekdeci said that the car park will eventually house the police outpost proposed by the airport for improved security. The car park was constructed and completed in time for it to be used by Trans Guyana Airways, which is one of the Correia companies, for the commissioning of their Beechcraft. The facility is now being used exclusively by the
Correias and persons attached to the group of companies. There is now a bridge from the car park leading to Trans Guyana hanger. Further, a sign has been erected which states Correia Group of Companies Staff Park. This is despite the fact that an OAI Development Plan seen by this newspaper has the names of the owners of lands clearly identified. The land now being used as Correia car park is listed as owned by the airport. Further, at the said October 2015 meeting, Mekdeci announced that OAI was spending $7M on a light aircraft parking. Most recently, this facility was claimed by Caribbean Aviation Maintenance Services (CAMS) when Captain Emil Jahan tried to put up his shed for temporary hangar. Captain Emil Jahan is a small operator who had long approached OAI for a 100 ft by 100 ft land. After being pushed around for some time, OAI very recently told him he can erect a temporary shed by the parking ramp. Funny enough, just as he was measuring, CAMS officials stopped him saying that that is their facility.
Nothing is ffor or fr ee… free… ExxonMobil will recover every cent spent on training and employing locals
Suppose you’re working at a company and you’re sent on a training programme for three months. When you return, you use your skills to enhance and uplift the profile of that company. But how would you feel if the employer takes back every cent he spent on training from your salary? This is exactly what is happening in the case of Guyana and ExxonMobil. The company has a contractual responsibility to employ and train Guyanese to be part of the oil and gas sector. But the contract allows for ExxonMobil to recover every dollar it invests into capacity building, training facilities and funds to employ locals. What is also interesting is that the company does not need the approval of the Minister to recover these funds. The Guyana-ExxonMobil agreement says, “All costs and expenses incurred by the Contract in training of Guyanese personnel and such other amounts as may be expended on training under Article 19 of the Agreement.” Government has time and again, boasted about the local content provisions it was able to secure in the contract. Article 19 provides for a
US$300,000 payment by ExxonMobil to the Government. This is to cover Guyanese personnel who would be nominated by the government to do on the job training in the contractor’s operations, to send qualified Guyanese on courses overseas, to purchase advanced technical books and to send Guyanese to seminars related to the industry. All of this would be recovered by ExxonMobil.
Additionally, the oil giant can also claim for administrative costs for handling the training money and even add interest for borrowing from its parent company. Kaieteur News understands that this kind of borrowing is higher than market rates. Oil and Gas Experts have informed this newspaper that good contracts limit the rate to the market. But this is not the case in Guyana’s contract.
Sunday March 11,2018
Sunday March 11, 2018
Stop playing politics with Guyana’s oil, release all contracts - Ramson Jr. Charles Ramson Jr., an Attorney at law and one of the few Guyanese with a Masters Degree in Oil and Gas, wants the government to realize that it cannot play politics with the nation’s patrimony. Ramson said that Government’s selective release of the CGX contract is an attempt to play political mitigation and is nothing but a “red herring seeking to deflect from a bad or suckered renegotiated deal with ExxonMobil.” “If the government released the contract with CGX in an attempt to say that ‘our terms are not much different from the previous contracts so do not beat us up’ then this is yet another example of the march of folly,” said Ramson. The true test of whether the government is protecting
Attorney at Law, Charles Ramson Jr. Guyana’s interest and patrimony is the fiscal terms contained in the contract/ licence signed in 2016 with the oil companies Eco and Tullow for the Orinduik Block since that would have been signed after Guyana knew of the
proven petroleum system with commercial quantities of oil of high quality. “Let the Government release that contract! Don’t play politics with Guyana’s oil,” said Ramson. Eco’s website reports that in “January 2016, Eco Atlantic signed a Petroleum Agreement and is party to an Offshore Petroleum Licence with the Government of Guyana and Tullow Oil for the Orinduik Block offshore Guyana. The 1800 km² Orinduik block is situated in shallow water, 170 km offshore Guyana in the Suriname Guyana basin, and is located 6.5 km from the recent Exxon Mobil Liza discoveries.” Ramson said that all of the contracts/licences prior to the discovery of commercial quantities of oil are only Continued on page 13
Sunday March 11, 2018
The David Hinds fiasco…
Hiring and firing of a columnist is a matter for the Editor, not a Board — Nigel Williams The Board of an entity is there to give direction on policy. It is not there to deal with matters relating to the hiring and the firing of a columnist. This is the viewpoint of Chronicle Newspaper, Editorin-Chief Nigel Williams. He was at the time responding to questions from this newspaper regarding the decision to drop one of the
most independent and critical columns in the Chronicle Newspaper— Hinds’ Sight. Williams was reminded that in his email to the Hind’s Sight author, WPA Executive Member Dr. David Hinds, he indicated that the decision to discontinue the column was as a result of “discussions at the highest level of the company in keeping with policy directions.”
Stop playing politics... From page 12 tangentially relevant – “The contract with ExxonMobil was re-negotiated in 2016 so at that point we had a fairly good appraisal of what we had and the government should have secured a better deal. Even if you attempt to say that was our first contract, what did you get for Guyana with the contract/ licence with Eco and Tullow for the Orinduik block in 2016 which is adjacent to the Stabroek block where the world class discovery was made and likely to have fairly similar geology? “Don’t selectively release to try to beg for mercy. Release all the contracts and stop playing political cloak and dagger with Guyanese resources. It belongs to the people and not the government so release all the contracts now,” said Ramson.
Williams was asked to state, if by “highest level of the company”, he meant the Board. The Editor-In-Chief said that the decision to discontinue the column, came from discussions with Editorial Management and not the Board. He said that subsequent discussions were held with six Board members. Williams categorically stated that his discussions with the Board members were not done in an effort to seek agreement but to inform them of the decision since he expected this sort of fall out. Williams maintained that the hiring of a columnist lies squarely with the Editor-inChief, not the Board. He reiterated that the Board is there for policy making. Kaieteur News understands that the Chronicle Board met yesterday on the matter. Up to press time, the outcome of
that meeting was not revealed. HINDS RESPONDS In a statement to the press, Dr. David Hinds said that the weekly column was not published over the last two weeks. “I am not sure whether the decision to continue my column was politically motivated. It is not clear whether the decision was taken in-house, at the level of the Board or within the political corridors. But because I am a political person who comments on political matters, it is not out of place to speculate that the decision was politically motivated. “I am aware, that sometimes junior agents of the government do bad things because they feel that is what the government wants them to do.” The University Professor continued, “So, maybe
WPA Executive Member, Dr. David Hinds
Chronicle Newspaper, Editor-In-Chief, Nigel Williams
persons in the management feel that my independent stances which are sometimes critical of the government are not fit for a state-owned entity. “Or maybe they were given directives from above. I don’t know. Only the editor in chief and his leadership team and can answer that.” The political commentator added, “They should also say whether their decision was sanctioned by the Board. And the Board has to say what role, if any, it played in the decision. Did the editor act based on
directives from the Board, political overlords or on his own behalf?” The WPA Executive Member said that it has always been an uncomfortable relationship with the newspaper, largely because he is not a “yes-man”. Dr. Hinds added, “I feel that the Chronicle has slipped right back to where it was during the Jagdeo years—it has again become an unvarnished mouthpiece of the government. I feel that my column and Lincoln Lewis’s are critical to holding the line against that trend.”
Sunday March 11,2018
CCJ can make positive changes to Caribbean social order – Outgoing President By Peter Richards
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (CMC) – The outgoing President of the Trinidad-based Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ), Sir Dennis Byron says the court, which was established in 2001, to replace the Londonbased Privy Council as the region’s final court, is currently poised to contribute to positive change in the social order of Caribbean societies. Speaking at the 10th Annual CCJ International Law Moot Competition that was won by the Jamaica-based Norman Manley Law School on Friday, Sir Dennis said that the CCJ’s contribution will be through the delivery of justice, which is “accessible, efficient and reflective of our values and mores”. Sir Dennis, who announced that he would be replaced by the St. Vincent and the Grenadines jurist, Justice Adrian Saunders who has been with the CCJ from its inception - said that the infrastructure is established and technology has been an agile resource. “At Moot 2018, you have interfaced with our new case management system. All submissions were uploaded to CURIA and made accessible to the Bench and opposing teams. This was a cursory interaction which will be more fully utilised at the next Moot,” he said. He said the advent of the use of this new software system in the Court has contributed to heightened efficiency.Curia is an e-Filing and Case Management system that allows court user to file documents and manage their case electronically through the CCJ portal. It also allows users to access all documents filed on a case. It permits the court’s registry staff to electronically process and manage cases throughout their lifecycle. It also carries a performance management and reporting tool which utilizes numerous metrics to provide reports and data to designated court staff Sir Dennis said this development has positioned
the Court to be more efficient and responsive in delivering justice to the region and builds on a process which he pioneered in 2013 with the introduction of filing cases and documents by email. “The transition to e-Filing was therefore a logical progression. This technological revolution has extended to other areas of the Court resulting in improved video conferencing capabilities as evidenced by the live streaming of our cases for public viewing and the introduction of financing and resources management systems.” Sir Dennis, the second Caribbean national to head the Court since its inception, said that such advancements support the broader mission of the Court to facilitate access to justice by providing all interested persons with a front seat to witness the adjudication processes of the Court. He said this increased efficiency has resulted in a tremendous improvement to access to the court. For instance, in the calendar year 2016, 18 cases were filed in the Appellate Jurisdiction, and 35 cases in the year 2017, resulting in an increase by 94 per cent.“This efficiency is also illustrated by the disposal rate of cases. In the calendar years 2016 and 2017, an aggregate of 46 cases were disposed of by the court. The prompt and efficient disposal of the court’s cases is supported by the court’s policy of actively ensuring that most cases are disposed of within six months from the date of the case being filed until the date a final judgement is given by the Court,” Sir Dennis said. He said that there have also been some significant achievements during his tenure as President in which he takes great pride.“The sponsoring of the Advanced Performance Exponents Inc. (APEX), which is a specialpurpose, not-for profit agency, that is committed to delivering technology-based solutions and services to support court ecosystems is one such enterprise. APEX is
owned by the CCJ, the regional judiciaries and bar associations. “I believe that it has the potential to further advance the justice landscape of the region. As APEX develops, I envision it continuing to facilitate programmes and initiatives aimed at strengthening the justice systems of the region and improving the standards of efficiency of court-related service,” he said. He told the ceremony that one project he was especially proud to be involved in is the establishment of the Caribbean Community Administrative Tribunal (CCAT) which is an independent institution focused on resolving disputes between employees and their Caribbean Community (CARICOM) institution employers that enjoy immunity from civil suits. He said this tribunal finally fills a lacuna that has long existed in the constituent instruments of most CARICOM institutions for the settlement of employment disputes. “By providing a proper forum for the ventilation of employment disputes, the tribunal is a transformative project not just for the Court, but also for the further evolution and maturity of the Caribbean integration movement and regional rule of law.” But he said it must await the final authorization of the CARICOM governments for its implementation“Clearly the structures and operations that constitute and support the architecture of the CCJ are up and functioning. All modalities necessary for its operation exist. Yet the most compelling matter for the Court is member states’ acceptance of it as the Court of final appellate jurisdiction.” So far only Barbados, Belize, Dominica and Guyana are signatories to the appellate jurisdiction of the CCJ, which also has an original jurisdiction and serves as an international tribunal interpreting the Revised Treaty of
The Baccoo Speaks The perception that crime is still high in Guyana is forcing the police to be more on the alert. Indeed the pressure on the criminals in the city exposed the situation in the eastern part of the country. That situation has caused the police to strengthen their operation with the result that within hours they are going to cause even more grief to some people who target the Canje area in Berbice.
** The fires are back. The Guyana Fire Service would be called on to spring into action again, this time on the western side of the coun-
try. Carelessness would be the cause. ** The criticisms of the oil contract would see another comment calling for a renegotiation of the contract. However, this call would be more emotional than hopeful. The caller would be one of those who have kept repeating the same thing. But another critic would recant, having been made to recognize that the oil find would have benefits.
Chaguaramas that governs the 15-member CARICOM grouping.Sir Dennis, who leaves office within the coming weeks, said that the CCJ is now positioned to acquire, analyse and understand good local knowledge for administering justice in the region.“Our historical perspective does not have to define the future for us. It can inform and contribute where it is helpful to shape the narrative but it does not have to be definitive or even prescriptive. “Despite the challenges that our shared history presents or the barriers to acceptance that must be scaled, the CCJ continues to position itself by its performance to become the court of final appellate jurisdiction for all of CARICOM.” But he told the law students participating in the Moot that “it is you who must convince your generation and the ones to come of the transformative nature of the law for the Caribbean. “Broadening and deepening integration within the CARICOM context relies on becoming entrenched in
issues and areas that reinforce our Caribbean bond. Moot 2018 represents one such opportunity. Long after the Moot is over, the lessons learned and the understanding that you gain can have impact on your future careers and aspirations.”Sir Dennis said that the competition aspects of the Moot 2018 examined the insight into and analysis of the moot problem and the issues it raises; the relevance of the authorities and other legal texts cited and the fluidity with which they are adduced; your ability to summarise facts, cases or law where appropriate and the proper use of court etiquette. “It has been an intense exercise for you. But, you must not come to the heart of Caribbean jurisprudence and not be touched and inspired to carry the pearl of aspiration for our Court and for deeper integration. “Through the aegis of this experience, Moot 2018, we have advanced, just a little, the journey to a more enlightened acceptance of our law from a Caribbean perspective and a more enlightened awareness of our
Outgoing CCJ President Sir Dennis Byron intrinsic and learned capacity to administer it. “We have made many strides in advancing Caribbean jurisprudence but there are more to make. I have had the privilege to be a part of this great journey at the helm of this Court and I wished to give you the young ones at the beginning of your profession a charge that you must advance.“This is a most wonderful and exciting time for you. You are at the beginning of a journey that could take you to the most spectacular places on earth as it has taken me and it may have its beginnings right here. “It is you and your generation that must take account of what has already been built and now carry the mantle,” he added.
Sunday March 11, 2018
The ‘House of Horror’ murders By Michael Jordan
everal years ago when you took a trek up the West Bank Demerara Public Road to Goed Intent, you would have seen a large, empty lot, overgrown with weeds and with a solitary mango tree on the western side. That empty lot had a gruesome history. Blood was spilled on that land, and to this day, no one knows for sure who did it or why. Back in 1997, there was a two-bedroom house on that property. In it lived 67-yearold Alice Persaud, her mentally handicapped son, 35year-old Joseph Allen, and a daughter, Rita. The elderly woman eked out a living by begging in the community. She would often share a bottle of high-wine with her few female friends and cook for them on her firewood stove. Two of those close friends were 45-year-old Caroline Moore and Joyce
Walker, a neighbour who operated a roadside stall. From all accounts, Mrs. Persaud was last seen alive on Saturday, March 1, 1997, when she told her friend, Joyce Walker, that she was going out to raise some money. The next day, Mrs. Walker observed that the door of the property was closed and that there was no sign of the occupants. The following day, at around three o’clock in the afternoon, Joyce Walker again observed that her friend’s door was still shut and that the occupants were nowhere in sight. This time, Mrs. Walker became certain that something was amiss and decided to check on her friend. She instructed her 13-year-old daughter to peep through a crease by the front door to see if the family was alright. Standing nearby, Joyce Walker saw her daughter peep into the silent house and then recoil in horror. The teen then burst into
tears and ran from the yard without telling her mother what had upset her. A perplexed Mrs. Walker then decided to look in the house. She too was shocked by what she saw. Lying on the hallway floor was the naked and bloated body of Alice Persaud. Her son, Joseph Allen, lay on his side by the door. He too, was clearly dead. Mrs. Persaud’s friend, 45-year-old Caroline Moore, lay naked, bloated and dead by one of the doorways. Mrs. Walker immediately called the police. It didn’t take the detectives long to conclude that someone had bashed in the skulls of the three victims. Two bloodstained lengths of wood near Allen’s body appeared to be the murder weapons.Police believe that the killer sexually assaulted the two women before clubbing them to death. Rita, the daughter who had lived on the premises, had escaped a similar fate because she had been away from the premises for a few
days. From the state of the bodies, it was estimated that the victims had been dead for about three days. None of the neighbours could recall hearing any unusual sounds coming from Persaud’s house or noticing any strangers entering the property. Robbery did not appear to be a motive.For one thing, the occupants were poor. Secondly, according to another daughter, the killers had left $5,000 untouched in the house. Detectives now had to find a theory and a suspect. After questioning some neighbours, they arrested a canecutter and his son. According to Joyce Walker, the canecutter would occasionally visit Persaud’s home to see the woman’s daughter, Rita. He was married. He was a quiet person who would “take his little drinks”. Rosaline Bagot, another daughter, confirmed that her mother and the suitor were not on good terms. From all reports, the boyfriend had a habit of dropping in when the daughter was not at home. When he did, the elderly woman would sometimes
chase him from the property. On the morning of Thursday, February 27, 1997, the canecutter allegedly went to Alice Persaud’s house. He reportedly left after Mrs. Walker and Mrs. Persaud “cussed him out”. According to Mrs. Walker, the labourer then went to a nearby shop where he pawned his cutlass for a bottle of liquor. It is believed that he then returned to Mrs. Persaud’s house, since an empty liquor bottle, similar to the one that the suspect had purchased, was found near the bodies. Mrs. Walker is convinced that the suspect bludgeoned the three victims. Persaud’s daughter, though, thinks otherwise. “I don’t think any one man could kill three people at one time,” she told me. However, some villagers surmised that the killings might have been the work of drug addicts who lived in the
neighbourhood. But the investigators were unable to link the canecutter and his son to the triple murder and had no option but to release them. Twenty-one years have passed since Alice Persaud, Joseph Allen and Caroline Moore were bludgeoned to death. To this day, it is still the most brutal crime to have occurred in the community. To this day, also, the ‘House of Horror’ murders remain unsolved. If you have any information about this or any other unusual case, please contact Kaieteur News by letter or telephone at our Lot 24 Saffon Street, Charlestown office. Our numbers are 2258458, 22-58465, 22-58482 and 22-58491. You need not disclose your identity. You can also contact Michael Jordan at his email a d d r e s s : email@example.com
Sunday March 11,2018
==THE FREDDIE KISSOON COLUMN==
My testimony at the Lindo Creek massacre inquiry last Friday
ince I was the first media operative that owner of the Lindo Creek diamond mine, Leonard Arokium, contacted after he discovered that his eight employees on the site were murdered, I was asked to give testimony at the Commission of Inquiry. I did so last Friday. I have been in the media for 30 years, and in all my journalistic investigations, I believe only two of them I have made up my mind about definitively. There are still unanswered questions about the Buxton conspiracy. I risked my life and that of my wife trying to get as much facts as I could about the dimensions of the event from the Mashramani jailbreak in 2002 until the rampage abated in 2008. Person or persons shot at my home during my investigations and a bullet missed my wife’s head by inches. I chose not to make that act public knowledge, because I was afraid that others
may have wanted to copycat that gunman or gunmen. For two years I kept it secret; only three persons knew. My friend, Regent Street businessman, Sheik Isaacs, who supervised the carpentry work after the bullet was taken out, Glenn Lall, who inspected the wall of my bedroom where the bullet was lodged, and one of the persons I admire in this life, Yesu Persaud. There are still unanswered questions as to the source of that attack, because I discovered some surprising facts about the Buxton conspiracy, and therefore different actors for different reasons would have wanted to shut me up. I never believe or will ever believe that the 2005 assault on me in which my car was hijacked was ever a robbery. I wasn’t robbed. In all these journeys of inquiry into what took place in Buxton and the related dimensions, I am still to fit the puzzle neatly in place. Only two puzzles I think I have done better in under-
standing - the killing of Axel Williams during the violent Buxton syndrome and the Lindo Creek massacre. Here is a very brief summary of my testimony Friday morning. Mr. Arokium sought me out saying I was the only one he trusted in the media to talk to that would put his side of the story in the media. I agreed to speak with him the night he called. I identified as our meeting place, the office of the editor of the Catholic Standard, Colin Smith. As the car pulled up at South Road and Wellington Street, I became afraid. What if his cell phone or mine was bugged and the men in the car weren’t Arokium and his people? He kept blowing the horn, but I was afraid to look out through the window. I don’t know why I did, but I did. Arokium came up to the Catholic Standard office and I was told a story that was plausible. But I had to do more in-
vestigations. I did, and my conclusions were that the Fineman gang did not commit the atrocities. One of the police statements on why the Fineman gang murdered the men was because the miners informed the security forces on their location. Why the police chose to say that is extremely suspicious, because President Jagdeo was given first hand information by a close contact of the Fineman gang where to find them, and President Jagdeo immediately put the operation in place to pursue the gang. The Arokium camp, I believe, did not do what the police accused them of. I took the maps that Arokium left with me, and spoke with policemen who
went through the maps with me and meticulously examined the logistics of the situation. I was convinced in 2008 and remain convinced onto this day that it was not possible for the Fineman gang to have escaped from the elite security squad that had engaged them (killing one of the gang members) at Christmas Falls, travelled over almost impassable and impossible terrain and reached Lindo Creek, without the security squad catching up with them. I remember distinctly that night at the Catholic Standard experiencing a cold feeling running in my veins when Mr. Arokium said, “look Freddie, look at this… this is Christmas Falls, this is Lindo Creek, vast creeks and mountainous areas separate the two.”
Frederick Kissoon He went on to show how it was not possible for the criminals to be running from the security squad and find their way to Lindo Creek, since that would not be their escape route. I cited four crucial factors that would erase any possibility of the Fineman marauders killing the miners. The truth of what happened at Lindo Creek needs to be revealed.
Sunday March 11, 2018
An unexpected boost in the fight for reparations Guyana’s National Reparations Commission is one of the more active of counterpart organizations in the Caribbean Community, so it is little wonder that the issue was one of the key agenda items at this week’s International Decade of Peoples of African Descent (IDPAP) confab that is scheduled to end today at the Marriott Hotel in Kingston. Organized with funding from Government and the United Nations among others, the conference saw dozens of academics, activists and writers from around the world descending on Guyana. Among them of course is Julius Garvey, the son of 20th century global Black nationalist, teacher and motivator, Jamaican Marcus Garvey. Foreign Minister Carl Greenidge, performing the duties of President while His Excellency David Granger is
on duty overseas, delivered the main opening remarks at the four-day conference which began on Sunday last. He touched on a few broad areas, suggesting that while the UN has in recent years acknowledged some of the horrible wrongs and atrocities meted out to Africans over the centuries, there is yet to be a full acknowledgement of the moral debt incurred and provision of reparations. But he did insist that Caribbean governments are committed and determined to pursue efforts to right the wrongs against people of African descent. He vowed that Guyana will do its part to ensure justice. “They insist that we should only look ahead rather than peer into the past. However, the call for both reckoning and reparation, in monetary and non-monetary
terms, is one that cannot be ignored or forsaken on the altar of altruism. The call is premised on the principles of justice and ethics.” Once he had done his part and had returned to State duties, several speakers at the conference touched on the topic of reparations, urging governments not to give up the fight to make European nations pay for the transatlantic slave trade. Dr. Hilary Brown of the Caricom Secretariat wasted little time in pointing to a key development in the United Kingdom that is certain to give the regional Reparations fight greater and new impetus. She pointed to the release of a recent tweet from the British Treasury that laid bare the fact that successive British governments and administrations had in fact still being paying off the loan authori-
ties had taken during the colonial era to pay British slave and plantation owners for the loss of their ‘property’, meaning slaves who were labouring on plantations in the West Indies. To many governments, national reparations commissions and Black activists, the tweet was sweet music to the ears of the region, as those in the halls of power in London had been dismissing slavery as a genocide and atrocity that had occurred so long ago that no court would have considered it as relevant today. Former Prime Minister David Cameron had had the audacity and arrogance to tell the Jamaican parliament that Caribbean peoples should forget the past, look to the future and suck up aid opportunities as well as British financial aid, rather than be pressing for reparations in various forms. But once the tweet was released for all the world to see; once it was noised abroad, it had provided just the type of confirmation that Professor Hilary Beckles and others on the Regional Repa-
rations Commission had needed to fight the case at the World Court. This is so because the tweet that payments were still being made up to 2015, did everything to bolster the case. It brought the reparations fight and case right into the current, to today’s scenario. Of course the tweet was hastily withdrawn. The commission has the evidence of the tweet that was seen and absorbed by millions of people. It said that “millions of you helped to end the slave trade through your taxes. Did you know? In 1833, Britain used Sterling 20 million, 40 percent of its national budget, to buy freedom for all slaves in the Empire. The amount of money borrowed for the Slavery Abolition was so large that it wasn’t paid off until 2025. Which means that living British citizens helped to end the slave trade.” People like Hilary Brown and Professor Beckles were of course quick to point out that all this meant was that West Indians living in the UK
were being victimized all over again. Beckles said that not only were their ancestors forced to work for free under brutal and inhumane conditions, but also that their descendants, long after abolition, were forced to compensate slave owners. So why shouldn’t Britain, France, the Dutch, Spain, Portugal and Denmark not be made to pay reparations to people living today? The issue is a key agenda item at the July summit of Caricom leaders to be held in Jamaica. There is little doubt that the tweet has bolstered the regional case and has given new life and fight to the commission and governments which had dared to even establish such a commission. Caricom has written to all of the major slave trading nations of the past. Portugal is the only one not to reply so far. France and Britain are reported to have sent hardball signals, but that accidental tweet might well put London on the defensive and Caricom at the striker’s end of this proverbial cricket game.
Sunday March 11,2018
Fires and their displacement potential
here were three fires this past week, and while it is not unusual for Guyana to experience fires, it is unusual for there to be so many in different parts of the city almost simultaneously. The most devastating was the first that occurred in Pike Street, Kitty. That fire destroyed four homes and left behind some heart-wrenching images. I saw a little girl become hysterical when she realized the effect of the fire. I looked at the video and I felt very emotional. There was this little girl crying and asking her mother about the future. “Mommy, wha we gun do? When we gun sleep? How I gun go to school?” the child asked before becoming hysterical. To compound the issue, she had to watch the destruction. Then there was this boy who could only stand and cry. It took Minister Simona Broomes to comfort him and take him to her home. She later said that the child should not be made to stand and watch the horror of losing his home. Fires have to start somewhere and for some reason. In this case I learnt that the fire started at a location where the occupants use drugs, steal electricity and just about every other amenity. It is believed that one drug user, caught up in his activity, started the fire. Had the blaze been confined to one house, the drug house, the situation would have been acceptable. But there it was that the blaze
roused so many others from their needed sleep, then proceeded to destroy the location where they had been sleeping.People in the neighbourhood said that they repeatedly contacted the police about the situation, but the police have no power of eviction. They can hope to conduct raids and discover the drugs. But even here, the people contended that there were members of the police force who visited the location for anything other than for legal purposes. The other fires did leave people homeless, two of them elderly people. That fire was believed to be electrical in origin. I am unsure what caused the third. What I do know is that the latter fires were confined to the location where they started. Many of us are not keen on insurance, so that when fire strikes we lose everything and are hard pressed to replace them. I remember one case of a woman reporting that the fire claimed everything that she ever worked for. I remember her saying that her home had everything. There is no one who could say that they are not scared of fires. Most of us have seen the devastating effects. There was one fire at a location near to La Parfaite Harmonie. This teacher had to travel to the city, thus leaving some children home. She returned home to see the house ablaze and some children trapped inside. Then there is the case of the man on the Essequibo Coast whose partner decided
that she had had enough of the violent relationship, so she opted to move on. This man followed her to her new location and tossed an incendiary device on the bed in which she was sleeping. This woman is still in hospital, badly disfigured at 17. There was another case in Sophia where a man torched the home, forcing some people to jump through the window to escape. He escaped, but was eventually caught. Sadly, we reporters do not follow up on such matters, so I cannot talk about the outcome. I live in a wooden home and I take every precaution to preserve it. Above all, I have insured the property. I remember teaching my children about the use of matches and about fires. When one of my daughters was about a year old, certainly younger than two, like children, she would reach out to anything attractive, and fires are indeed attractive. I would say to her, “Hot.” Initially that meant nothing to her, so I let her touch one of the incandescent bulbs in the home and said, “Hot.” She repeated the word and immediately made the connection between the spoken word and its meaning. She does not remember the incident, but she knows what hot is. Years later she was one of the most cautious persons lighting the stove. It was the same with my other children. They are adults today and they certainly do not play with fire. And so it was that when I taught, I ensured that there
were fire drills at the school. In this country we all want somewhere to rest our heads, a place to call home. The effect of losing that comfort cannot be explained. Being displaced is one of the worst things that can happen to an individual. I can associate with the plight of the refugees. In some countries, they leave their homes in droves seeking to preserve their lives. That must be a horrible decision to make. And so we have the Venezuelans coming across the borders. Indeed we are a poor country, but there was a time when we ran to just about every country that would accept us. It is our turn to be kind to the refugees. We cannot set
up the large camps as in some countries, so fortunately those who come make their own way, as we did when we went to those countries. The courts must act on cases of illegal entry, but I believe that at this time we must exercise some leniency. One official in Region One actually complained about the rapid depletion of drugs because of the Venezuelans. Such is life. At this time I am certain we can afford the extra quota of pharmaceuticals. Thankfully, we are not a war-ravaged country and our people have to flee to lands unknown. But we do impose hardships on ourselves, as was the case of the fire that destroyed those homes in Pike Street, Kitty.
Adam Harris A. A.
Sunday March 11, 2018
Hinterland agriculture and development “Food security is threatened, also, by the phenomenon of climate change. Extreme weather – the cycle of droughts and floods, the overtopping of the seawalls and swollen rivers – have resulted in widespread economic losses in the agricultural sector. The agriculture sector, owing to its dependence on environmental conditions, makes it susceptible to the detrimental effects of extreme weather” - H.E. David Granger. The recent high tides which caused flooding in coastal communities along the Essequibo Islands - West Demerara Region (Region 3) is a wake -up call and a reminder of our vulnerability to the effects of rising sea levels and climate change. It is a known fact that the majority of our population live on a narrow strip of coastal land which is about 250 miles
long. It is a fact that this area is below sea level and therefore is subject to the effects of rising sea levels due to climate change. It is also a fact that most of our major agricultural production takes places on the coast. Recently after very severe high tides, a section of our coastal sea defence was damaged. It is also apposite to note that our centuries old drainage system is designed to accommodate no more than two inches of rainfall in twenty-four hours. All of the above make our coastal agricultural production extremely vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather. The Peoples National Congress (PNC) a major partner in A Partnership for National Unity (APNU) has long advocated for the total development of Guyana. In an address to the 15th Annual Del-
egates Congress of the PNC on April 9, 1972, Prime Minster and Leader of the Party Forbes Burnham said “Our existence upon the coastland is the result of a pattern imposed upon us by colonialism. Our entry into the interior is an expression of our freedom…….. too many people are still psychologically coast-bound and think of Guyana’s development in terms of only the coastal plains.” Guyana’s coastal plains are home to some three–quarters of the country’s economic activities including almost all the agricultural production. Rising sea levels could devastate agricultural production if saltwater inundates fields and intrudes into the estuaries used to irrigate them. Saltwater from rising seas could also contaminate freshwater supplies used for drinking and
other domestic and industrial activities, requiring costly treatment. It is therefore imperative that we move our major agricultural production away from the coast. According to the Agriculture Ministry, the next frontier for agricultural development in Guyana is the two large areas of s a v a n n a h land; the intermediate savannah, which is immediately behind the coastal strip and the Rupununi savannah in the southern part of the country. Already there is some agricultural activity taking place in the Rupununi Savannah, it is incumbent on policy makers to ensure that this trend continues in a structured way. Established on January 1, 1968, the Guyana Youth Corps was seen as a means of not only solving the youth unemployment problem, but also, there was a plan for graduates at the end of their attachment to settle in the hinterland or in border communities - Frontline Communities.
The Farm Corps of the Guyana Defence Force was established in 1972. Members of the Corps were expected to be trained in military skills and then allocated land in the hinterland - an average of twenty-five acres per person. They were to be organised into Cooperatives at Wauna in the Barima-Waini region. The Guyana National Service (GNS) which was established in 1974 was another attempt at developing our hinterland and promoting hinterland agriculture . In his booklet ‘The Guyana National Service 1974-2000’ David Granger writes, “Hinterland settlement was regarded as a fundamental feature of pioneer training programmes meant to be geared towards utilizing both human and national resources…” During the life of the service, hinterland agricultural production was maximized. Over 1,012 hectares (2,500 acres) of cotton and various other crops such as corn, legumes, sorghum and peanuts were cultivated. The GNS also engaged in rearing poultry,
swine and other livestock at its various hinterland centres and farms. For political reasons the Peoples Progressive Party neglected hinterland development, agricultural diversification and more particularly, hinterland agriculture. It is now the task of the Coalition government to reset our agenda, pointing the development of agriculture of this country in the right direction. President Granger has long advocated that the hinterland of Guyana must no longer be regarded as ‘bush’, but as a part of ‘One Nation’ – Guyana. The establishment of Capital towns in the BarimaWaini, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Cuy u n i Mazaruni and the ten-point development plan for frontier communities are important first steps; hinterland agricultural development must be the next step. It not only makes good economic sense but with global warming, rising sea levels and climate change, it also is good common sense.
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Common myths about antibiotics By Dr Zulfikar Bux Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine What’s the right way to use antibiotics? I am often confronted by patients who have become ill and tried an antibiotic of their choice, only to the detriment of their situation. Some patients generally have the wrong impression of antibiotics and tend to use them for reasons which they were never made to be used for. The main role for antibiotics is to eliminate infections, even those that can be lifethreatening at times. Antibiotics can therefore be lifesaving if used appropriately. But antibiotics aren’t foolproof; they can cause serious health problems when used incorrectly. The most common complication of antibiotic misuse is antibiotic resistance. Because we misuse antibiotics, the bacteria (bugs) in our
body start to develop resistance to antibiotics and over time, we develop multi-drug resistant bacteria in our body, often called “superbugs”. These “superbugs” were once relatively harmless, but have now developed resistance to multiple antibiotics and cause life-threatening infections. Combating misconceptions about antibiotics and their use is important to prevent complications of antibiotics misuse and ultimately ensure a safer environment for us all. Today we will discuss 7 myths about antibiotic misuse. MYTH:ANTIBIOTICS CAN TREAT MY FLU/COLD While antibiotics are effective against infections caused by bacteria, fungi, and some parasites, they don’t work against viruses. Viruses cause colds, flu, and most coughs and sore throat . If you think that your flu needs to be treated with anti-
biotics, see a doctor first, because most likely you will be doing more harm than good. MYTH: IT’S OKAY TO TAKEANTIBIOTICS PRESCRIBED FOR A FRIEND ORARELATIVE The best antibiotic for you depends upon the specific illness you have. An antibiotic prescribed for someone else might not work for what ails you. You may actually make your illness worse by using someone else’s antibiotic. MYTH: IAM FEELING BETTER, SO IT’S TIME TO STOP MY PRESCRIBED COURSE OFANTIBIOTICS If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, its best to take all the prescribed doses - even if you feel better. Stopping early could mean the infection hasn’t yet been fully eliminated and can return once you prematurely cease your prescribed dose of antibiotics. MYTH: IT’SA GOOD IDEA TO SAVE LEFTOVER
ANTIBIOTICS Some patients think it’s effective to save leftover antibiotics for the next time they get sick again. Left over antibiotics, especially in the liquid form can lose their potency over time. The leftover medication may not work against your latest illness and could actually make it worse. Of course, if antibiotics are taken properly, generally there shouldn’t be any leftover medication. MYTH: IF I USE ANTIBIOTICS REGULARLY, I CAN PREVENT MYSELF FROM CATCHING AN INFECTION There are numerous infections, and taking one specific antibiotic cannot prevent you from catching all of those infections. By taking antibiot-
ics regularly, you will make the bacteria in your body become resistant to that antibiotic and others similar to it. This makes it more difficult to treat you if you do develop an infection. MYTH: ANTIBIOTICS CAN HELPTREAT MY SYMPTOMS Antibiotics treat the infective cause of symptoms and not the symptoms themselves. So thinking that an antibiotic may directly help your headache, vaginal bleeding or itching skin, is inaccurate. MYTH: ANTIBIOTICS AREALWAYS EFFECTIVE Antibiotics are not effective all the time, especially if there is resistance to the antibiotics or if an incorrect dose were prescribed. If you are not seeing improvements in your illness
Dr. Zulfikar Bux with the prescribed antibiotics, then you should re-visit your doctor for review.Using antibiotics in the right way and preventing its misuse, will prevent ‘superbugs” from evolving. Once we curb this trend, infections would be treated effectively and lives would be saved. The right way to use antibiotics is the way your doctor prescribed it to be used.
SUNDAY SPECIAL Uganda secures 12.5% royalty for more than 7000 barrels of oil per day – Guyana settles for 2% on 500,000 barrels per day Governments use various means to collect upfront payments from operators who extract a country’s resources. Royalty is one of them. Royalties are attractive to governments as the revenue is received as soon as production commences. They also ensure that companies make a minimum payment for the minerals extracted. But many experienced governments understand that oil can be volatile. Today, an oil company can produce 5000 Barrels of Oil Per Day (BOPD). Another oil find can push that production to 8000 BOPD.It is for this and other reasons that countries like Uganda set out specific circumstances under which its royalty should increase. Its contract with Tullow Oil is an apt example. According to the agreement between the two, where the production does not exceed 2,500 BOPD, the nation’s royalty would be five percent. Where the production is higher than 2,500 but does not exceed 5,000 BOPD, Uganda would be entitled to a 7.5 percent royalty. If production is higher than 5,000 but does not exceed 7,500 BOPD then Uganda would receive 10 percent royalty. But should the production exceed 7,500 then the royalty goes up to 12.5 percent.Guyana’s contract presents an entirely different ball game. The Coalition Government was able to increase the royalty it received from ExxonMobil.
Victor walters with a copy of his receipt
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Instead of one, it is now a meager two percent. The APNU+AFC Parties have engaged in much self-praise since that increase.Also of significance, is the fact that the two percent royalty was agreed on when ExxonMobil had announced a forecast of 120,000 barrels of oil per day when production kicks off in 2020. With its Pacora-1 Exploration well, the American oil giant recently stated that Guyana could now expect 500,000 barrels of oil per day. There has been no talk or even the slightest interest from Government or ExxonMobil to have the royalty increased since this drastic change in production figures. Local operator parks on Ogle Int’l ramp, rents hangar to foreign company hired by ExxonDaily, there are more revelations of the moves the Correia family is making as they regulate the Eugene F. Correia International Airport as well as operate its airline out of that facility. Other domestic operators are growing weary “because not only are they (the Correias) taking up all business opportunities and grabbing the land, they are now putting other operators in danger.” Ogle Airport Inc (OAI) is controlled by the Correia family—particularly Michael Correia and his sister, Nicole. Michael Correia also owns Trans Guyana Airways. OAI has allowed Trans Guyana Airways to park its largest aircraft on the airport’s apron. This apron is used by both international and domestic airlines for them to taxi before taking off. Trans Guyana parks its aircraft there while it
rents its hangar and parking ramp to Bristow Helicopters Limited for that company to park its four aircraft. Bristow is the foreign helicopter service provider that ExxonMobil hired without a local tendering process to work in Guyana. Whilst Trans Guyana happily rents its ramp to the foreign company and continues to use the terminal ramp, the other operators at the airport with their collective 52 aircraft are left no option but to endure long costly delays due to the congestion. Kaieteur News understands that the developmental plan that OAI had submitted to Government outlines that there would have been facilities for domestic and international operations on separate sides of the runway. “This never happened and with the international airlines now operating on the terminal ramps there are massive congestion and related safety concerns.”Numerous safety concerns were brought to the attention of the airport management to no avail. In addition to the safety concerns, domestic operatives are saying that the very rental of the Trans Guyana hanger is unethical. It is especially unfair that OAI would allow Trans Guyana to rent its hanger to a foreign company when OAI knows that there are several local small operators who are desperately trying to get land from OAI to build their hangers. These small operators are being denied land while the Correias grab all for themselves only to now rent one of the spots to a foreign company, said one operator. MONDAY Guyanese will be seen as ‘the idiots of the world’ if Exxon contract not changed – Chartered Accountant As long as the GuyanaExxonMobil contract remains unchanged and in force, this nation’s people will be seen as “the idiots of the Caribbean and the world.” The agreement is nothing but an abomination; a perpetual shaming of Guyanese alive and dead. That’s the view of one of the oil agreement’s harshest critics, Chartered Accountant Nigel Hinds. In a detailed letter to the editor, Hinds stated that the current agreement Guyana has with ExxonMobil is “an absolute disgrace.” As such, he believes that Guyanese must push for it to be changed. In his letter, the Chartered Accountant opined that for Guyana’s politicians to be-
GGMC Commissioner, Newell Dennison have as if they have the authority to tie and chain the masses of Guyanese people to agreements of extreme exploitation, oppression, abuse and humiliation “is very cruel and void of any virtue.” ”This horrible and revolting Petroleum Agreement has conjured images of blind, bespectacled ants signing off on contracts with global corporations, and thereby, engendering more offensive and ridiculous contracts, which are all very disadvantageous to Guyana. This is no time for sophistry, doublespeak, party politics, showmanship or rhetoric.” ”The contract is an abomination and a heavy millstone on the Guyanese people, future descendants and our ancestors: from the Native Americans, enslaved Africans, and indentured labourers to those who now live off the sweat and bloody sacrifices they made for their family; and our family.” ”This obnoxious, objectionable and invasive Petroleum Agreement starts and ends with Exxon’s Esso. Guyanese must not be ensnared by Exxon and our politicians who seem to be compromised in Exxon’s tentacles. Guyanese must be made to speak and act for the Guyanese people. Once we have the agreement renegotiated with Exxon; the other Oil Exploration companies will follow suit.” After six years and a KN expose…Court finally returns pensioner’s $100,000 bail Victor Walters is finally a happy man. Staff at the Georgetown Magistrates Court last week finally gave him a $100,000 cheque for bail he had paid some six years ago. But had it not been for his persistence, the pensioner and former security guard might never have received his money. He was
Natural Resources Minister, Raphael Trotman
forced to turn to Kaieteur News last month after getting the proverbial “run around” by a court employee. Mr. Walters said the female employee had repeatedly told him that the documents related to the case had been destroyed during a flood. That meant, according to the employee, that Mr. Walters could not be refunded. However, after Kaieteur News reported on the pensioner’s plight and visited the court, an employee requested that Mr. Walters go there to sort out the transaction. After turning up with a receipt, Mr. Walters was asked to return with an affidavit. This he did last week, and the $100,000 cheque was turned over to the relieved pensioner. ”I am happy now,” he told Kaieteur News on March 2nd, adding that he did not see the female court employee who he said had thwarted his attempts to collect his money. But he said that no one even offered him an apology. He also believes that the court should reimburse him for the expenses he incurred “going and coming.” There is also the fact that the cash he is now collecting is of far less value that it was six years ago. Mr. Walters’ troubles started in 2012, when a relative of his was charged with armed robbery. A female rela-
tive pleaded with him to help post bail for the accused. According to Mr. Walters, he withdrew $100,000 from his bank account and gave the female relative. He collected a receipt, which showed that the money had been paid over to the court. But when he went to uplift his money some two weeks after, Walters said that a clerk informed him that the documents could not be found, because “the case docket got destroyed in a flood.” TUESDAY Guyana foolishly accepts low-hanging fruit from ExxonMobil – Int’l oil expert …Collects US$300,000 yearly while other countries are given hospitals, roads and developmental programmes No one expected Guyana, a newbie to the oil industry, to get it all right in the beginning. However, international onlookers thought, at least, the country would have been able to secure certain fundamentals. It was expected that the country would have gathered information about the international norms in certain areas. That is why an international oil and gas expert is calling it “foolish” that Guyana has allowed (Continued on page 41)
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From page 32 ExxonMobil to commit to “cheap” Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The expert said that Guyana grabbed “low-hanging fruit.” The term low-hanging fruit is a commonly used metaphor for doing the simplest or easiest work first or for a quick fix. This metaphor can be understood easily by Guyanese, as they are quite familiar with their agriculture. Guyanese know that while low-hanging fruits are easily accessible, they are often times not the juiciest. Fruits higher up the tree that have more contact with the sun are more delectable. This metaphor easily brings across the point of the oil expert who said that while the CSR offered by ExxonMobil may be able to effect change in certain areas there are other commitments that would have bode better for the developmental needs of Guyana. Speaking on the grounds of anonymity, the expert said that the metaphoric fruits Guyana accepted were hanging so low that a very young child could have picked them. He said that Guyana could have pointed ExxonMobil in many other more meaningful directions. The expert was quick to point out that it is understood that the developmental needs of countries may vary. He said, for instances, that the needs of Nigeria is very different from the needs of Azerbaijan “so the CSR projects in these countries may be different. However, the end game is development. Countries want to address the most pressing issues. Guyana is in need of infrastructure; especially now. With the country being
Exxonmobil officials handing over a cheque to US non-governmental organization on the brink of a huge oil and gas industry, Guyana will do well to establish more hospitals, etc.” The Production Sharing Contract (PSC) that Guyana signed with ExxonMobil states, “The Minister and the contractor shall establish a programme of a financial support for environmental and social projects to be funded by the contractor. The contractor shall directly fund the amount of (US$300,000.00) per year with any funded but unspent portion of this amount to be carried over into the ensuing calendar years of the Agreement. The Minister and contractor shall meet annually to agree which projects shall be funded in any year.” Plainclothes, traffic cops deployed as investigators
battle robberies of bank customers The cooperation of both the Guyana Police Force and the banks are required to address the high number of robberies of persons conducting transactions at banks. Crime Chief Paul Williams, in an interview with the Department of Public Information (DPI), said: “What we need is a joint approach in terms of dealing with this matter. I’m appealing to the banks, for them to carry out some amount of analysis within their daily operations. There are so many things the banks can do from an analysis. That will really help us to see if there is any inside dealing or inside information. This can assist us in terms of dealing with the situation,” Williams explained.
The Crime Chief pointed to the measures the police have since implemented towards addressing the issue while highlighting the fact that the banks can also utilise their resources to assist. ”We have policemen in plainclothes outside the bank. We are sending out traffic ranks to ensure persons who are not authorised to operate vehicles and so forth, are not to be there. We are putting little measures in place.” Regarding the manner in which information about persons’ transactions is being passed on to the perpetrators, Williams said the banks can play and instrumental role in deterring this. ”The bank needs to carry out a review of the CCTV within the bank itself. See how many persons frequent the
bank; whether they are doing transactions or sitting idly. Follow this daily; see how many persons are being robbed. Check to see if they would’ve dealt with a specific teller, you know. There is so much analysis that can be done in order for us to deal with this situation,” Williams further explained. The Crime Chief noted that despite some police successes, perpetrators have become more observant and have employed ways to avoid ranks. For example, he said they do not make immediate attempts to rob, but trail the victims to their homes instead. Williams believes that it is crucial that the banks follow the information as it relates to who has been robbed, which bank the person conducted business and how many persons are being robbed within a certain period of time from the bank. This, he believes, along with the banks’ cooperation with the police force, will ensure efficiency in addressing the matter. WEDNESDAY
Environmentalist, Annette Arjoon during her presentation on Tuesday 10 March
Business Minister either confused or misleading on ExxonMobil’s deals with Ghana and Guyana When it comes to the deals American oil giant, ExxonMobil signed with Guyana and that of the African state, Ghana, Business Minister Dominic Gaskin appears to be confused or worse, misleading. This was apparent Tuesday as he made his presentation at an oil and gas forum
that was held at Duke Lodge, Kingston. The Minister told his audience, consisting largely of members of the private sector, that he has no issue with anyone who endeavours to examine contracts signed by other countries. His only issue is when the analysis of that person fails to take into account, the “bigger picture”. ”Let’s look at the whole picture and not just the parts where we are getting less than the other country,” the politician expressed. At this point, the Minister sought to address some of the differences between the contract ExxonMobil signed with Guyana and that of Ghana. In his cherry-picking exercise, the Business Minister noted that Guyana has a royalty and production sharing type of agreement. But Ghana, he said, has a royalty and taxation model. Whichever you choose to call it, oil and gas experts agree that both are Production Sharing Agreements. The Minister went further to state that Guyana receives a two percent royalty and a 50 percent of profit oil while Ghana receives a 10 percent royalty and a 35% corporation tax on profit. The Business Minister stated that prior to this agreement Ghana has with ExxonMobil, oil companies had been paying a five percent royalty. The Minister failed to mention however that in comparison, Guyana still did not secure a better deal for its nonrenewable resource. Furthermore, the Minister stated that Ghana has a Petroleum Exploration and Production Legislation that gives Government a 10 – 15% stake in oil production companies subject to payment of their share of operating expenses. He noted that Guyana’s Petroleum Act has no such provision. But several local oil and gas commentators found this to be an appalling statement from the Minister. In fact, Guyana’s legislation has provisions for that same kind of interest. And even if there were no provisions in the law, Kaieteur News was able to confirm with several experts that Guyana could have negotiated for equity in the company operations from the outset. Minister Gaskin also stated that ExxonMobil enjoys the same import tax waiver in Ghana as it does in Guyana. But this is far from the truth. Ghana’s contract (Continued on page 42)
Exxonmobil’s Country Manager, Rod Henson From page 41 does not allow for exemptions on hundreds of items, but this is the case in Guyana. ExxonMobil provides flimsy excuse for poor consultation with indigenous peoples Environmentalist Annette Arjoon has dismissed excuses offered by ExxonMobil as reasons for its “poor” consultation with residents of Region One. Exxon, the largest publicly traded oil company in the world, is claiming that it is finding communication in Guyana to be “very hard.” In the event of an oil spill, the protected Shell Beach area in Region One is the part of Guyana most likely to be affected. Despite this, Exxon officials did not find it necessary to meet with the over 27,000 people in that region, most of whom are indigenous. Initially, Exxon was not going to have any consultation with the residents of that Region. However, after being pressed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the company committed to consultations, but has only done two outreaches over the last few years. On Tuesday, at the oil and gas seminar held by the Private Sector Commission (PSC), ExxonMobil’s Senior Director Public and Government Affairs, Kimberly Brasington said that communication is proving to be a difficulty in Guyana. At that very forum, Arjoon delivered a presentation, during which she highlighted that the people of Region One are vulnerable to the operations of ExxonMobil. “So even though we are hearing these operations are 190km offshore, it really matters not, because whatever is happening offshore affects what we will have to deal with onshore.” Arjoon said that the people of Region One have a right to a safe and healthy environment as is catered for in the Constitution of Guyana.
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The Environmentalist said that the indigenous people practice sustainable lifestyle, and fishing is of critical importance to the Region One economy. Arjoon has been working along with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for at least 25 years. She said that she was “horrified” when she learned through her consultations with the EPA, that ExxonMobil was not even looking to go into Region One. ”Thankfully, the EPA held a position, and now there have been two consultations in Region One so far. But two visits cannot be defined as meaningful consultation in a region with almost 30,000 people.” Arjoon said that ExxonMobil should be providing information to the residents of Region One, weeks in advance of a visit. THURSDAY Gaskin belittles gold sector to please Exxon…throws it under the bus, even before a barrel of oil is produced – Chartered Accountant Vacuous!–That was just one of the “kind” words that flooded the minds of listeners who recently heard Business Minister Dominic Gaskin belittle the contribution of Guyana’s gold sector to the economy. At an oil and gas seminar that was hosted by the Private Sector Commission (PSC), the Business Minister was in high praise of the economic benefits to come from oil. He did this by comparing it to the gold sector. Gaskin commented that indeed, the last eight years has been the best for gold production in Guyana both in terms of the amount of gold produced, the gold exported and the value of royalties and taxes collected by government. The politician said that the government has collected just over US$300M in royal-
Business Minister, Dominic Gaskin ties and taxes from all the gold produced in Guyana over the last eight years. While that may seem impressive to some, Gaskin stated proudly that in the first year of oil production, the Government will earn just about the same volume of revenue. But local commentators are not pleased with the nexus Gaskin drew between the two sectors. Specifically, Chartered Accountant Nigel Hinds believes that Gaskin was out of line. He said that Gaskin is palavering about economic issues and industries of which he has minimal knowledge just to please “the Exxon Overlords of Business in Guyana. Hinds added that Gaskin simply engaged in a fruitless attempt to rationalise an illogical contract that the Government signed with Exxon. Hinds told Kaieteur News that Minister Gaskin has belittled and understated the contribution of the Guyana gold industry with his statements. The businessman emphasised that in the gold industry, operators are made to pay a five percent royalty plus two percent taxes. He said that the industry has seen production of close to 700,000 ounces. In the meantime, ExxonMobil will be allowed to pay a mere two percent royalty on more than 3.2 billion barrels of oil. The Chartered Accountant said that the Business Minister also fails to consider other key points. Hinds said, “Gold has been the trump card for the economy for years. The gold sector ensures a significant employment of Guyanese labour. Guyanese Miners and Traders keep and invest their money in Guyana. Former Bishops’ teacher to face charges of sexual activity with child Months after allegations of sexual misconduct were levelled against him, former Bishops’ High School teacher
Coen Jackson, will be charged and placed before the court. A police investigation was launched after a former student of Jackson’s filed a report alleging that she had sexual contact with the teacher while she was still a student. Jackson had initially denied the allegations and was placed on $100,000 station bail. The teacher was also ordered to lodge his passport at the station. The matter was sent the Director of Public Prosecutions, (DPP) for advice. Kaieteur News understands that the file has been spent back to the DDP and based on legal advice Jackson will be charged for sexual activity with a child by abusing a position of trust. The incident is said to have occurred at Durban Street, Lodge between December 2010 and May 2011. ExxonMobil claims to have utilised 309 local companies The Guyana Oil and Gas Energy Chamber (GOGEC) is one of the many stakeholders, which called for local services and products to be significantly utilised in the oil sector. As such, when the GOGEC’s Chairman, Manniram Prashad, learnt on Tuesday that ExxonMobil has made use of 309 Guyanese-owned suppliers and has 605 Guyanese businesses registered, he was obviously elated. But the businessman is curious to know the names of these businesses as well as the areas in which the suppliers served ExxonMobil. Prashad told Kaieteur News Wednesday, “If these figures are accurate then we would obviously be happy about it; but 309 Guyaneseowned suppliers? That is just concerning when there is no evidence provided at the same time to support it. Hence, we would like the evidence of this. We would like to have a list of the companies and the services they provided and when.” This information was not
Exxonmobil’s Senior Director Kimberly Brasington provided on Tuesday when ExxonMobil’s Public and Government Affairs Advisor, Kimberly Brassington, delivered a presentation on the work being done by her company thus far. Her delivery took place at an oil and gas seminar that was hosted by the Private Sector Commission at Duke Lodge Hotel. Local Content was just one of the topics Brassington touched on. Brassington said that Local Content is important and critical to ExxonMobil’s success in Guyana. The Public Affairs Advisor said that 605 Guyanese businesses have registered in ExxonMobil’s supplier database. She said that those are companie, which have expressed interest in being part of the supply chain. She said that 70 of them are taking courses in order to build capacity in areas like procurement and safety. Last year, Brassington said that ExxonMobil and its contractors provided 30,000 hours of capacity training to Guyanese. FRIDAY Environmentalist to ExxonMobil: Remove the “If, May and Can,” Guyanese want commitment in writing Environmentalist Annette Arjoon has called ExxonMobil out on the evasive language it used in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) it submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of Guyana. Arjoon recently delivered a presentation on the likely environmental impacts of oil production. This was at an oil and gas seminar held by the Private Sector Commission (PSC). Arjoon touched on the devastating effects that an oil spill can have on Guyana. She also pointed out that there seems to be no adequate preparedness for such an eventuality.
As she spoke, Arjoon acknowledged the presence of ExxonMobil’s Senior Director, Kimberly Brasington at the forum. Arjoon said, “I am thankful that Kimberly is in the room, thank you for not running away. We often speak about fit for purpose. Let us ensure that the oil response plan from your company is fit for purpose and is tailored to the local conditions of Shell Beach (the area in Region One most likely to be affected in the event of an oil spill.) Arjoon continued, “When I looked at the Environmental Impact Assessment, which was in my opinion rushed, for the Liza Phase One, I saw the very vague terminology. ExxonMobil spoke of what may be carried out or can be carried out.” Arjoon said that she wishes for ExxonMobil to do away with that sort of language that avoids commitment. She said, “I want to see what will be carried out. I want to hear we will do that…So I will ask, Kimberly, that your company looks at updating the response plan to deal with these deficiencies.” Arjoon said that even with all the deficiencies in the EIA submitted by ExxonMobil, it is further saddening that Guyana does not even have a national contingency oil plan. “Imagine two years ago when Sargassum washed up on our shores and we couldn’t do anything about it. We lost so much income as fishermen struggled to get the Sargassum off of their nets. Are we prepared to deal with an oil spill?” Arjoon also noted that just recently, a mysterious substance washed up behind the Marriott, and the nation is yet to hear what it is or where it came from. She then asked again, “Are we ready for an oil spill?” The environmentalist said that Guyana needs a mechanism for immediate release of technical and financial (Continued on page 43)
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From page 42 resources to mitigate effects of oil spills. She said that in that regard an environmental fund can be useful. An artist’s impression of what the additional facilities will look like
Pegasus unveils 15-storey tower in US$100M expansion - Badal urges tax, fiscal incentive reforms Privately-owned Pegasus Hotel, looking to capitalize on the emerging oil and gas sector, has unveiled an ambitious US$100M expansion project, including a 15-storey tower and state-of-the-art convention centre. On Thursday morning, the sod was turned in the hotel’s adjoining property near the tennis court with Chairman, Robert Badal, hailing the investment as the city’s largest investment. The businessman took the opportunity to call for tax and fiscal incentive reforms to encourage investors. The contract has been awarded to China Harbour Engineering Company (CHEC), the same company that is in charge of the US$150M airport expansion at Timehri and the MovieTowne project at Liliendaal, East Coast Demerara. With Badal was his wife, Mrs. Priya Badal, Minister of Business, Dominic Gaskin, and other officials. At the sod-turning, the businessman disclosed that facilities comprising a sevenstorey state-of-the-art corporate office complex would be adjacent to a 15-storey tower offering luxury accommodations of “Grade A” class. The project is bringing an entirely new concept called “business tourism” where persons will be able to live upstairs and work downstairs. The new facilities dubbed the Pegasus Suites and Corporate Centre - will boast offices - the best in terms of first world quality, says Badal, with secured parking, high speed internet, tele-
visions, access control and high-curtain walls. The businessman was convinced that the innovative project is badly needed by Guyana with an oil production start looming in two years’ time. It has been planned for a long time. According to Minister Gaskin, the investments are a clear sign of the confidence in Guyana and a sign of vision by Pegasus. “While we see an empty field, this investor sees more, and is putting his money where his mouth is,” Gaskin stated. The Business Minister said that facilities will complement the nearby Marriott Hotel. “Guyana needs Grade A accommodations. There are clearly opportunities and confidence is being created,” Gaskin said. Meanwhile, Badal during
a cocktail and project launch last evening at the Pegasus Hotel, Kingston, said that it represents a historic leap in the architectural landscape of the city of Georgetown, and of the iconic Pegasus Hotel itself. The initiative would represent the largest private sector investment ever undertaken in Georgetown, he boasted. “It will be equipped with the latest building management systems, curtain walls providing floor to ceiling views of the Atlantic Ocean and the city skyline, the best security systems and access control, secure parking, high end restaurant, gym, salon and spa, and one of the best ever courtyard scenes, all at the best address in Guyana.” The facilities will also boast a state-of-the-art convention centre, “which would make those existing here look primitive”, the hotel’s chairman said. It is the plan to place over 30,000 square feet of solar panels to supply part of the energy needs. “With rainfall catchment and lush landscape we would, I believe, qualify for LEED certification. This would be the only Grade A building in Guyana. OAI ensures Trans Guyana has access to all competitors’ info
Remanded to prison: Coen Jackson
As aviation operators using the Eugene F. Correia International Airport continue to complain of the unfair treatment being meted out to them by the Correia family, they highlight the fact that all their business information can be
accessed by Trans Guyana Airways. Ogle Airport Inc (OAI) is a shareholding company that manages the Eugene F. Correia Airport. The company is controlled by the Correia family with the lead role taken on by Michael Correia. He is the Chairman. Correia is also the Chairman of Trans Guyana Airways which competes with the other airlines operating domestically out of that airport. Operators are concerned about the unlevel playing field on which they have to work, as OAI is creating all sorts of advantageous conditions for Trans Guyana, “at our detriment.” This newspaper understands that OAI requires all aircraft operators to submit their flight manifests, showing passenger names and destinations for every flight flown. The information has to be forwarded to OAI’s office that is housed in Caribbean Aviation Maintenance Services (CAMS)’ hangar. CAMS is also owned by the Correia company. This newspaper would have already highlighted that OAI is paying CAMS several hundreds of thousands monthly to rent office space, despite the fact that there is space in the terminal building owned by the airport. “We should not be submitting such information,” said one operator. In addition, this newspaper understands that all of OAI’s documents are kept on the Correia Group of Companies’ computer server. This enables Trans Guyana Air-
ways to have access to all of their competitors’ data. “This is grossly unfair; we know what can happen there.” Operators are saying that such practices by OAI highlight the need to eradicate the state of affairs where an airport is being managed by an operator. “The management of the airport needs to be staffed with professionals who are not in any way related to any one of the aviation companies.” Bishops’ teacher remanded on sexual offence charge Months after allegations of sexual misconduct were leveled against a former Bishops’ High School teacher, the 39-year-old man was on Thursday charged and remanded to prison on a rape allegation when he appeared in the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts. Coen Jackson stood before Senior Magistrate Leron Daly, and was not required to plea to the indictable charge which alleged that between December 2010 and May 2011, at D’Urban Street, Lodge, he engaged in sexual activity with a child under the age of 16 by abusing his position of trust. Jackson was represented by Attorneys-at-law Sanjeev Datadin and Siand Dhurjon who pleaded with the Magistrate to grant their client bail. The matter, which was held in-camera, was prosecuted by Police Prosecutor Richard Harris. The Magistrate after listening to the prosecutor remanded Jackson to prison. He was instructed to make his
next court appearance on March 15 for reports. Guyanese author, Sir Wilson Harris, dies at 96 Wilson Harris, Guyanaborn author, poet and essayist died on Thursday at the age of 96 in England. Harris, the celebrated author who emigrated to England in 1959 and has lived there since, wrote over 26 novels, numerous works of poetry, essays and speeches, from 1960, over a 50-year period. In 1987, his novel Da Silva da Silva was adapted for a film produced by Tariq Ali of Bandung Productions for Channel Four in the UK. Peacock (1960), The Far Journey of Oudin (1961), The Whole Armour ( 1962) and the Secret Ladder (1963), were all published by Faber and Faber, which has published all 26 of his novels. In recent years, Faber and Faber have re-issued the Guyana Quartet in a single volume. Harris has been the recipient of several awards including the Guyana Prize for Literature in 1987 and 2002, The Premio Mondello dei Cinque Continenti Award in 1992, The Ainsfeld-Wolf Book Award in 2014 and honorary degrees from the University of the West Indies in 1984 and University of Liege in Belgium in 2001. In 2010, he was also awarded the Honour of Knighthood for services to Literature by Queen Elizabeth. Harris had been nominated for the Nobel Prize in literature on more than one (Continued on page 44)
From page 43 occasion. He is survived by four children: E. Nigel, Alexis, Denise and Michael Harris, 6 grandchildren and 13 great grand children. President David Granger, along with others, expressed condolences to the family of Sir Wilson.
Sunday March 11, 2018
A view of what the Kingston location will look like after completion
SATURDAY Guyana will remain poor unless its leaders develop a “rich man’s” mentality “It is important that the leaders of Guyana understand the worth of their country’s resources. For as long as they continue to see Guyana as the country that still has horse drawn carts traversing the streets, these politicians will continue to accept the little or nothing being offered in exchange for the exploitation of the country’s rich resources .” Such is the view of an international oil expert who has been following closely, Guyana’s road to first oil. The expert said, “There are several dynamics to this thing.” But he focused on two aspects. The official touched on the fact that Guyanese are still to take control as the bosses of the local oil industry. The expert also noted that the leaders need to at all time act in a manner that sends a message both to the population and the oil companies that bribery in not an option. Speaking on the need for Guyana to take charge, the expert said, “Guyana is new to the oil industry. There is much that the country needs to learn and that cannot happen overnight. However,
your leaders need to understand that it is your industry at the end of the day; you have to shape it because you will have to deal with the consequences. “I notice they are allowing the oil companies to dictate and that is not supposed to happen. You guys allowed ExxonMobil to set a date for production despite the fact that you are not remotely prepared institutionally.” The expert said that there is a lot Guyana can learn from Saudi Arabians and the
Qataris. “I have worked with them and those people are serious. They let you know at all times that they are the bosses and you are the worker. Despite the fact that they needed my expertise, they let me know that they are in control. It is a powerful mechanism. The Saudis are rich; you cannot bribe them. Tell me, what can you offer them?” The expert noted the fact that Guyanese officials made several trips to Texas to meet with ExxonMobil officials.
“Here is what oil companies do to leaders of third world countries: they like when you go to visit them. They wine you and dine you. They put you in the best hotel suites; in short, they show you a good time. “Then they sit at the other side of the table on the third or fourth day to negotiate a deal. By then, you consider them friends.” The expert noted that Guyanese who have to read about their leaders travelling to Texas to speak with ExxonMobil officials about operations that are ongoing in Guyana will start to formulate questions. He said that while Guyanese officials might have been innocent of the transactions, an image is also important. With those comments, the expert highlighted the popular saying, “Not only must Justice be done; it must also be seen to be done.” The expert said that unless policy leaders adopt “the rich man’s mentality”, the country would be stuck where it is since they are the ones who have to manage the nation’s resources. Pressure mounts for appointments of Chancellor, CJ - Bar Association endorses Cummings-Edwards in top judiciary post
Confirm them please! : Acting CJ Roxane George-Wiltshire and Acting Chancellor Yonette Cummings-Edwards
There is mounting pressure for the administration to confirm a Chancellor of the
Judiciary but differing sentiments, last Friday, indicate that it may all be easier said than done. The Guyana Bar Association, during an oil and gas conference at the Ramada Hotel, Providence, appeared to have confidence in Yonette Cummings-Edwards being given the nod to be confirmed into that position. She is currently acting in that post. However, the administration has already nominated Justice Kenneth Benjamin for that critical post. Under the current laws, the Government must consult with the Opposition Leader for the appointments. Opposition Leader, Bharrat Jagdeo, last month signalled his rejection of Benjamin and CummingsEdwards, who was nominated for the Chief Justice post. On Friday, the Private Sector Commission (PSC) was impatient. Referring to statements earlier in the day attributed to an official of the Bar Association, the PSC said it would like to thank the body for educating the general public on the constitutional responsibilities of the President and Leader of the Opposition with regards to the appointment of the Chancellor and Chief Justice of Guyana. “The PSC is concerned that the President and Leader of the Opposition were unable to come to an agreement on the appointments after a lengthy process. The PSC is
calling on the President and the Leader of the Opposition, in the national interest, to again confer in good faith and agree on the persons to be appointed substantively Chancellor and Chief Justice as required by the Constitution without further delay. “ At the Ramada Hotel, earlier in the day, Treasurer of the Bar Association, Attorneyat-law Devendra Kissoon, in introducing the acting Chancellor, said she is a fiercely independent official. The lawyer urged that she and current acting Chief Justice, Roxane G e o rg e - Wi l t s h i r e , t w o “wonderful persons” be confirmed. The introduction was met with a standing ovation. At the event were several judges, magistrates, lawyers, and Ministers Joseph Harmon, Khemraj Ramjattan and Speaker of the National Assembly, Dr. Barton Scotland. Questioned later on the stance of the administration, the State Minister during the post-Cabinet press briefings made it clear that there is a consultative process in choosing persons for the two positions. Already, the Leader of the Opposition has signalled his rejection of the nominees submitted by Government for the two positions. The president has been seeking legal advice on the matter, Harmon disclosed.
Sunday March 11,2018
Processed food, sugary cereals and sliced bread may contribute to cancer risk “Ultra-processed” foods including sugary breakfast cereals, chicken nuggets, pizza and pre-sliced bread may increase the risk of cancer, a study has claimed. Fast foods and ready meals amount for 50 per cent of the average person’s diet in some developed countries and could be contributing to rising cancer levels, researchers working in Brazil and France found. Teams from the Sorbonne in Paris and the University of Sao Paulo found that a 10% increase in ultra-processed food intake was associated with a 12 per cent increased risk of overall cancer.The research also indicated an 11 per cent increase in the risk of breast cancer.However independent academics have raised questions about the classification, which seems to suggest homemade bread, cheese and biscuits are safer. Pointing out that the people who ate more “processed foods” were also more likely to smoke and live less active lifestyle.The findings, published in the British Medical Journal, were based on a survey of 104,980 healthy French adults with an average age of 43, measuring their intake of 3,300 different food items.The foods were grouped according to the level of processing, and participants were asked to self-declare any cancer diagnosis, which was then confirmed
through their medical records. Researchers also took into consideration other risk factors such as age, gender, levels of education, whether the participant smoked and family history of cancer. While a small rise in ultraprocessed food intake was associated with an increased risk of cancer, there was no significant link between less processed foods – such as canned vegetables, cheese and fresh bread – and cancer. Consumption of fresh or minimally processed foods including fruits, vegetables, pulses, rice, pasta and fresh meat, was associated with a lower risk of overall cancer. The authors said: “To our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate and highlight and increase in the risk of overall – and specifically breast – cancer associated with ultra-processed food intake.”The researchers emphasised that at this stage it was just an observational study, and no firm conclusions could be drawn about ultra-processed food consumption and risk of cancer. Ultra-processed foods often have a higher content of total fat, saturated fat, and added sugar and salt along with a lower fibre and vitamin density.Contaminants, some of which may be carcinogenic, have also been found in heattreated processed food products, and many contain legal but controversial additives
such as sodium nitrite and titanium oxide.Some studies have indicated that these additives may be carcinogenic. The researchers said the study presented several challenges, such as identifying the specific elements in ultraprocessed foods that could give you cancer. Tom Sanders, professor emeritus of nutrition and dietetics at King’s College London, who was not involved with the study, said: “The [ultra-processsed] definition excludes many home-made or artisanal foods such bread, cakes, biscuits, butter, meat, cheese, tinned fruit and vegetables as well as sugar and salt used in domestic food preparation.“From a nutritional standpoint, this classification seems arbitrary and based on the premise that food produced industrially has a different nutritional and chemical composition from that produced in the home or by artisans. This is not the case.” “What people eat is an expression of their life-style in general, and may not be causatively linked to the risk of cancer. He said that the authors had tried to control statistically these factors, like smoking and obesity, but this could never be perfect. http:/ /www.independent.co.uk/ news/health/cancer-riskprocessed-food-sugar-cereals-sliced-bread-factorsstudy-a8211506.html.
Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez Taking Some Space - But Don’t Call It a Breakup Time...out. After rekindling their past romance in November, Justin Bieber and Selena Gomez are taking some time apart, multiple sources tell E! News. A source tells E! News that Justin and Selena are giving each other some space right now, but are still talking all the time. It appears as if the two are down, but not out. The insider said, “They were having a lot of little disagreements recently and one fight in particular blew up and caused them to decide to ‘break up,’ however, they’ve been in contact the entire time and their feelings for each other have not changed.” The source added, “They will absolutely get back together and they are not over, but they both need some time away from each other.” Since they on-and-off pair got back together late last year, they’ve gone on trips
together to Mexico, Jamaica, Seattle and Laguna Beach. Another source tells E! News that Selena, who is currently in New York, hasn’t seen Justin since the day before his birthday, which was March 1. Similarly, an additional source confirms the two have been “having issues” in their newly rekindled romance, which the world .“They both have expressed that they have been feeling overwhelmed
with a lot of pressure that has come with their public relationship, and haven’t been seeing eye to eye on things,” said the insider. The source tells E! News that Selena has been trying to “mend” things with her mother Mandy Teefey and the fact that she’s reportedly not happy” about her daughter’s reconciled relationship has been a continued struggle for the “Wolves” singer.
Anxiety: Does waist size have anything to do with it? Anxiety, a common mood disorder, has many risk factors — such as genetic makeup and stress. Recently, researchers have been revealing the relevance of some more surprising risk factors. A new study from Latin America suggests that waist size may be one of them. Anxiety disorders are now the “most common” mental condition among adults in the United States, confirm the Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with anxiety as men, and they are also more likely to overeat due to stress.Moreover, anxiety has also been associated with the advent of cardiometabolic diseases, such as coronary heart disease and diabetes. A new study from Latin America that focused on postmenopausal women now suggests that the risk of developing a form of anxiety later in life may have something to do with the size of a woman’s waistline. The researchers, who hail from many institutions across Latin American countries — including Peru, Chile, and Ecuador — found correlations between women’s waist-to-height ratio and her chance of being diagnosed with anxiety.
The paper — whose first author is Dr. Karen Arroyo, from the School of Medicine at Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas in Lima, Peru — that reports the researchers’ findings has been published in the journal Menopause.Dr. Arroyo and her colleagues worked with 5,580 women with a mean age of 49.7 years. Of these participants, 58 percent were postmenopausal, and 61.3 percent said that they lived with anxiety.The scientists examined data related to women’s weight and height to determine whether or not there was any association between waist size and the risk of developing anxiety.According to the researchers, this is the first time that waist-to-height ratio, specifically, has been examined to uncover a link with anxiety disorders. The waistto-height ratio has previously been looked to as an indicator of cardiometabolic risk — which, as aforementioned, has been tied to mood disorders including anxiety. The waist-to-height ratio is determined by dividing waist circumference measurements by height measurements, and a woman is typically obese if her waist size equals more than half her height measurements. In the current study, Dr. Arroyo and colleagues divided the participants into three groups — lower, middle,
and upper tertile — based on their calculated waist-toheight ratios. To begin with, the team found that the women in the middle and upper tertiles were at significantly higher risk of having anxiety than their peers in the lower tertile. However, after adjusting for relevant factors, they saw that only the women in the uppermost tertile were more likely to exhibit telling signs of anxiety.In short, the larger a woman’s waistline, the more likely she is to experience anxiety.Previous studies have shown that postmenopausal women are more likely to have anxiety and that their quality of life is sometimes severely affected by it, and some research suggested an overlapbetween the physiological effects of menopause, such as hot flashes, and symptoms of anxiety. Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton — who is the executive director of the North American Menopause Society — explains that this study’s findings may help to improve the health guidelines offered to women at later stages in life. “Hormone changes,” she explains, “may be involved in the development of both anxiety and abdominal obesity because of their roles in the brain as well as in fat distribution.” https:// www.medicalnewstoday.com/ articles/321145.php.
How Katie Holmes Got in the Best Shape of Her Life Katie Holmes is sharing her fitness routine.In the April edition of Women’s Health, the 39-year-old actress opens up about preparing for the role of an ex-marine in the upcoming movie The Doorman. For her part in the film, Holmes lifted weights and worked to develop her upper body strength, something she admits with a laugh that she’s “never wanted to do.” “But I wanted to be authentic to a person who trained in the military,” Holmes tells the magazine. “Which means someone who wasn’t always paying attention to the mirror and who was in shape not for vanity, but because that’s what her job called for.”“I was a five-pound-weight person, and now I can do 15, 20,” Holmes says of the training sessions. “And I’ve been doing a lot of boxing, which I had never done before. It’s thrilling. You can get out the stress of the day. I just go in there and think of all the mundane things that bother me. Traffic!”“I put off all my phone calls till after boxing, because it puts me in a much calmer place,” she adds.When she’s not boxing, Holmes enjoys going to SoulCycle classes “because I like that sense of community,” she shares, “like, if she can do it, I can do it too.”Holmes also opens up to the magazine about her life as a
mom to 11-year-old daughter Suri Cruise, admitting she finds herself comparing herself to other moms on social media.She says, “Like, that one has taken her child to Morocco, why haven’t I taken my child to Morocco?”For more of Holmes’ interview, head on over to Women’s Health.
Sunday March 11, 2018
Vincentian Adrian Saunders appointed President of the CCJ BY Oscar Ramjeet Vincentian Adrian Saunders has been appointed the third President of the Caribbean Court of Justice. The announcement was made yesterday by the outgoing President Sir Denis Byron at the conclusion of the moot for students of the three law schools, the Noman Manley, Hugh Wooding and Eugene Dupuch Law Schools. Justice Saunders has
been serving the CCJ as a judge from the inception of the regional court in April 2006. He was acting Chief Justice of the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) when he elevated to the final court. Previously he was a High Court Judge for seven years before being promoted as an appellate court judge in the ECSC. The 64-year-old judge is of a quiet disposition with an enormous appetite for research. He is also a
dedicated jurist. He did a tremendous job in training magistrates, judges and judicial officers. He was actively involved and worked along with Sir Denis in implementing the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR). During the past decade Justice Saunders was engaged in seminars and discussions on the importance of judicial independence and the important role the regional
court can play for a Caribbean jurisprudence. The new Vincentian President replaces Kittian Sir Denis Byron who took over from Trinidadian Michael de La Bastide. Although the CCJ was inaugurated 12 years ago
only four countries, Guyana, Barbados, Belize and Dominica have accepted the Court as the final Appellate Court. The CCJ however serves all Caricom member states in interpreting the Treaty of Chaguarams.
Justice Saunders is married and has two grown sons. He was actively involved in sports and served as President of the St. Vincent Table Tennis Association He was also engaged in regional table tennis tournaments.
Motorcyclist cop, pedal cyclist hospitalized after collision
The motorcycle and bicycle on the roadway, shortly after the accident. A pedal cyclist and a Detective Constable are presently admitted to the New Amsterdam Public Hospital after a collision between the two along the Fyrish Public Road. Detective Const. Dellon Chapman, 34, of Lot 125 Smythfield, New Amsterdam and who is stationed at Mibicuri Police Station, was proceeding east along the northern drive lane of the Fyrish public road on motor cycle CJ
4507 when pedal cyclist James Hooper, 64, of Courtland Village, Corentyne, Berbice rode across the road from north to south into his path causing him to collide with the said pedal cyclist. As a result of the collision both sustained injuries. They were picked up in an unconscious state and taken to the Port Mourant Hospital. They were later transferred to the New Amsterdam Hospital.
Sunday March 11, 2018
STANDARDS IN FOCUS
Maintaining Standards in the Production of Rice The harvesting of the first rice crop for 2018 is ongoing in the various rice producing regions of Guyana, and while farmers are aiming to maximize profits from their yields, millers are aiming to buy paddy at reasonable prices. Standards can help farmers and millers to produce rice in a cost effective manner and ensure that an accurate and reliably measurement system is utilized in the industry. Rice producers must continue to maintain the production of high quality rice to maintain the grasp on Guyana’s share of the international market and to penetrate new markets. In addition, because rice is a food commodity, good production practices also have to be maintained to safeguard the health and safety of consumers of the commodity. The implementation and use of standards is very important and can be considered essential for addressing quality issues in the rice industry. Implementing standards in the rice industry improves quality, facilitates local and foreign trade, increases production efficiency, maintains consistency and protects
consumers’ health and safety. Rice producers conforming to requirements also improve the packaging and labelling of the commodity and protect the environment through best practices. The use of verified instruments also ensures reliable and accurate measurements. The GNBS as the National Metrology Institute and possessor of the National Measurement Standards ensures that measuring devices used in the rice industry are accurate and reliable. Devices verified in the industry include weighbridge scales, platform scales, hopper scales and smaller laboratory scales. Verification provides equity and traceability of measurements for rice offered for sale locally and on the overseas market. Meanwhile, proper determination of the quality of rice also maximizes value and increases buyer satisfaction. The CARICOM Standard –Specification for Rice” which prescribes the requirements for the grades of paddy, cargo rice, milled rice, cargo parboiled rice and milled parboiled rice, is available for use by stakeholders in the rice
industry. The agency that regulates and monitors the production of rice is the Guyana Rice Development Board (GRDB). The GRBD routinely conducts checks at rice mills countrywide to ensure that they comply with available requirements. For approximately three years now, the GRBD Central Laboratory has been internationally accredited to the ISO/IEC 17025 Standard, which specifies competency to carry out testing. This accreditation is a huge advantage for the industry as the Central Laboratory can determine the quality of rice locally and the results it generates are accepted internationally. Packaging and labelling of rice are also important, particularly to consumers and larger buyers. For labels that conform to
PAGE 59 requirements, millers and packers can be guided by the national standard for the labelling of prepackaged foods GYS 9-9: 2003. Further, the implementation of internationally recognized Management System Standards such as, the ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management Systems Requirements and the ISO 14001:2004 Environmental Management Systems – Requirements with Guidance for use can be order winners for rice millers and exporters. The technical support needed to implement the requirements of these standards can be provided by the GNBS at very affordable costs. To support the prosperity of the rice industry, the GNBS will continue to work with farmers, millers, exporters and the GRDB to develop, promote and implement standards, which are beneficial to the industry. For further information call the GNBS on telephone numbers: 219-0065 or visit the GNBS website: www.gnbsgy.org or facebook.com/gnbsgy
SERVICES PLANNING AN EVENT? BIRTHDAY PARTY, GRADUATION, W E D D I N G S , ANNIVERSARY, ETC. CALL DIAMOND TENTS: 216-1043; 677-6620 Visa Application: U.S.A, Canada & UK;Guyanapassport application. G r a p h i c s design, advertisement. Tel: 626-7040; 265-4535. ICONIC MARKETING & PRINTING –TEL: 6004212: We create A/works, logos, busi ness cards, posters, etc, placements of ads included. Budhram’s Landscaping & Tree cutting service. Free advice, Free design, Free after care follow up. Tel#626-1044 Repairs to refrigerators, gas stoves, A/C units, washing machines. Call Lindon: 6411086/ 694-2202 Eagle’s: Re-gas –low prices, washing machine repairs, gas stove, plasma flat Screen, computer repairs & more. Call: 697-2969/646-0966 Installations, Repairs and parts for AC, Fridge, Washing machine, Stove etc call Nick 627-3206, 630-1600 Need to sell your home? Real Estate Solutions can help. Call: 608-6655/facebook us. REPAIRS AT LOW COST: FRIDGES, AIR CONDITIONERS, WASHING MACHINES, FREEZERS,SALE OFAC’S TEL:6294946,225-4822 Drawing of house plan, or if you need estimates, call: 216-0671/622-0267/6928464 Need a land surveyor, we do surveys for: Boundaries, Leases, engineering, cadastral, topo etc. Call: 6622677 Mason available all casting, block work and plastering. Reliable, reasonable and quality work offered. Call: 619-3296 MASSAGE Angels Massaging Spa. Come relax and be pampered. Call: 694-9775. New attendants available. PEN PAL Male looking for mature female age between 25-55 years Tel#668-9020 or whatsapp
Sunday March 11, 2018
FOR SALE LARGE QUANTITIES OF HIGH PURITY MERCURY (QUICK SILVER) 99.99995% PURITY$19,000 PER POUND CALL: 592-227-4754. Supari palm, Lipstick, Royal, Foxtail. Exora 4 for $1000 Ficus 4 for $1000. Organic potting soil. Tel: 626-1044 Parts for Tacoma Tundra Titan for sale. Tel#686-9608. 1- 320 BL cat Excavator 1- 215 B cat Excavator 1- 428 cat Back-hoe 1- 450 Honda Atv. Contact: 275-0367, 683-7225 1 Double steel wheel roller 1Pneumatic roller 1- Leyland Daf truck 1- Hand spray bitumen kettle. Contact: 2750367, 683-7225 Use Daff 620 truck parts. Contact: #650-0402/603-1402 Unregistered DAF trucks: Dump trucks, Flat Bed, Flat bed with Crane & Hauler. Call: 659-3100 New Triangle truck tyres, front & all wheel drive, size: 295/ 80R22.5 Call: 647-2022 Large and small household items for sale! Double door wardrobe, 32" Panasonic flat screen, ornaments etc. Contact: 691-3726, 629-4637 Mix breed pups Rotweiler mix with Pitbull already deworm vaccinated $70,000 dollars. Contact #664-4109, 668-5010 (1) Gas generator 560 (1) Diesel Generator 650 (1) Compressor 350 (2) 93 Toyota Hilux pickup (neg) Contact: 682-8424 Video games and consoles at affordable price. Repairs to video game system .Call:6722566/265-3231 1996 Yamaha Virago Motorcycle 750cc Tel# 6612998 (1) new Mistubishi canter with excellent conditions with type of engine 4msl, long base, 2004 model, contact: 696-7664 (1) 10000 wall Honda generator good working condition. Price $275,000 Call: 615-1831 (cell) Salon supplies, equipment & products new and used for sale. #684-9409 Prime Business land 50’x160'. Bordered by river and main road. Relief & support. Contact: 695-9626/683-7189
PLANNING AN EVENT? BIRTHDAY PARTY, GRADUATION,WEDDINGS, ANNIVERSARY,ETC.-CALL DIAMOND TENTS: 2161043; 677-6620 (1) downstairs for rent for supermarket including living quarters (preferable Chinese) @ Lot 171 Section B Non Pariel ECD. Tel#629-4764. (1) 3 bedroom apartment, back of UG Call: 680-5944, 656-4211 Kinsha-sha Restaurant and Guest house Lot 10 Golden Grove ECD Public road. Telephone: 229-2610, 627-6655 Space for rent at Ashmin’s Building- suitable for salon or office- Call today! 683-7954 Brand new two bedroom flat for working couple, Middle road La Penitence. Tel: 6192800/225-6492 Business place/Store for rent, located at Grove EBD.Contact 684-6331 2 apartment for rent : 1 bedroom and 2 bedrooms ECD. Contact Mr Khan #6752550/656-9313 2 Bedroom lower flat in ‘AA’ Eccles. Call: 695-7427/6896696 One concrete three bedroom upper flat front building at Durban street, Wortmanville. Call: 622-6000 Two bedroom bottom flat. EBD $43,000 monthly. 6873017 TOLET Lodge apartments (Vlissengen/Durban): unfurnished $40,000-$60,000 p/m, furnished US$600-1000 p/m 668-7687/677-9638/6976421 (1) bedroom apartment, living room and bathroom 294 Fourth field, Cummings Lodge. Call:222-0401, preferably UG student. One fully furnished apartment to rent in South Riumveldt $25,000 weekly. #694-7817, 668-0306 1 5-bedroom house in Good Hope, Rooms in Albertown, 2 bedroom apartment in Eccles. Contact: 225-3234 Two Bedroom apartment at Vryheid’s Lust E.C.D Phone: 613-4490 1 bedroom Apt ($45,000) Haley and Durban street 2 bedroom ($40,000) 3 bedroom $75,000 ‘B’ Field Sophia. #622-0036, 223-1273 FOR SALE (1) 6x6 TM lorry. Very good working condition, hardly worked. Contact: 695-9626/ 683-7189
WANTED Land to buy in Parafaite Harmonie, Eccles, Uitvlugt, Tuschen,Covent Garden, Herstelling, Diamond, Providence & Zeelugt. Tel#686-9608 Live in or live out babysitter/ domestic- Call: 223-7500 Monday to Saturday 8:15am4:15pm Chainsaw operators to work in the interior. Contact: 2237165 Security to work with mining firm, must have experience in said field Ages 38-45. Contact: 500-5923/676-8764 Experienced hire car drivers at Princess Ramada Hotel. Call: 265-7076 or 616-5419 Servicemen and heavy duty diesel mechanics to work in the interior. Contact: 2237165 Driver for pitbull bus Route 44 Georgetown - Plaisance #694-0500, 665-9174 Experienced curry cooks, pastry maker,cake decorator, counter servers. Apply @ Hack’s Halaal with H/written application. 5 Commerce St. Wanted land to buy. Tel# 6976311 Male and female to work interior age 25-40, salary starts at $80,000. Call: 6741767 Waitress to live in & work in a bar. Age 18-24 yrs. Must walk with ID card. Contact: 221-2785 Live in waitress to work in bar. Call: 604-6606/ 692-4649 (1) hairdresser preferably from East Coast, capable of doing everything, 2 weeks cosmetology workshop for $30,000. Tel#653-5053 Refrigeration Technician. Call: 629-4946 One full time auto body technician for repair centre. Call: 222-0675 One person to work in office must have Math and English #672-8705 Now hiring new reporters & advertising representatives. Tel#622-1957 Workers to work on land dredge. Tel: 672-3359
Hair station & Barber station rental, New market street #638-1106. Experienced persons preferable.
DOLLY’SCARRENTAL-CALL: 225-7126/226-3693 DOLLYSAUTORENTAL@ YA H O O . C O M / W W W. DOLLYSAUTORENTAL.COM
Experienced sales persons with CXC qualifications. Apply @ Christine’s Variety, Lombard Street. Contact: 2278529/626-8003 Experienced male sales attendant, stocktaking knowledge, computer literate, excellent service attitude, able bodied. Key Food McDoom Village. Experience sales person to work in general store on the East Coast #642-1141 Kitchen Assistant for interior location. Job entails assisting cooks in the kitchen and cleaning. Call: 618-2020. Experience hair dressers Magic Touch Beauty Salon. Tel: 225-6492 Vacancy exist for one cashier & operators to work @ Del Ice Co. Tel# 231-1408/6429191 1 Grillman hrs 4:00pm-1:30am,1 mature nanny live-in,1-kitchen asst 8:00am-5:00pm.Contact X’s Grill & Cuisine 675-2550/ 656-9313 10am-5:30pm. Work from home earn $5K2 0 K d a i l y www.jobfairworldwide.com #622-1957 Employment consultation & guidance 9am-5pm
Reliable rentals. Cars, SUV at low rate and security deposit special rates for long term. #663-8033 PROPERTY FOR SALE Yorrowkabra, Linden Highway, House, Chicken pen, New foundation, Land 200' x 100' Fenced, water & light. 6.5M neg. Contact: 6867180 Lot 15 Public road #2 Village. West Coast Berbice. 49ft by 10,314ft. $20M. Contact:6487109/686-4818 Looking for a home to purchase? Visit Real Estate Solutions @ www.resgy.com or facebook us #608-6655 Anna Catherina, Seaview. Price $6.5M Contact: 276-0712 Diamond EBD 2 Storey concrete, 6 bedrooms, hot/ cold, secured parking etc, ready to move in, price negotiable. Call: 693-4890 Lot 51 New Road Vreed-enhoop, West Bank Demerara. Contact Andy on: 671-4420 New building with two apartment downstairs for sale.10 minutes from Georgetown .Call:675-1510/ 613-7964
VEHICLE FOR SALE 2011 Raptor fully loaded 4x4 Auto excellent condition blue 6.2 litre super charged. Tel# 610-5370 Long base canter GRR series 2 million hydraulic lift tray good condition Tel# 609-1040 Bluebird 2012- 2.6M Axio2.5M Tida-2.2M All vehicles unregistered and have reverse camera. #655-3400 1- TwinsteerDoubleaxle Leyland DAF 4- LeylandDAF Flatbed 10- Guysuco Lorries 1-620-240 DAF engine. #2285655, 649-8449 1 Bluebird, 1 Fielder wagon, 1 Raum excellent condition. Tel#664-0802
SALON Make-up Courses with Mac, Bare Minerals, etc. -CosmetologyCourses:$90,000 Nail Technician Course: $35,000. Call: 647-1773/688-0009
PROGRESSIVE CAR R E N TA L : S U V F O R RENTAL- $4,000 & UP PER DAY- CALL:6435122/656-0087, ,EMAIL:PRO_AUTO RENTAL@YAHOO.COM
1 Laurel Nissan AC Excellent condition. Contact: 652-0709/ 626-1315 White Toyota Premio C Light PVV series. Tel#624-5650
EDUCATION CXC adults classes (Business & Science subjects) Form 1-5 lessons, Grade 2-6 lessons (slow learners, personal tutor) #690-5008,618-0649 Jean offers courses in Dressmaking, Curtains, Floral, Cake decorations. Barr St, Kitty. Tel#670-2653, 6388449. VEHICLE FOR SALE Toyota Allion (white) For sale #618-9971 Price Negotiable. Unregistered Axela 2011, Dark interior, fully loaded $2.6M #617-5536 Continued on page 61
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COCAINE AND GANJA
by PAT DIAL Over the past year there have been several incidents reported in the media of drug addicts attacking and assaulting citizens going about their ordinary business. These drug addicts wander about the streets, often carrying pieces of wood, or sticks or even broken bottles. Last Christmas Eve, about midday when shoppers were out in force, an athleticlooking addict stood at the corner of Robb Street and Avenue of the Republic, wielding a long and dangerous whip which could have caused serious hurt, even blinding any unsuspecting passer-by. Last week, the son of a respected professional who had degenerated into a drug addict, suddenly attacked one of his father’s patients and beat him to death. The father heard the commotion and tried to intervene during the assault on his patient but he had to withdraw since he too may have been killed. The addict was taken into police custody and charged for murder. Persons under the influence of drugs seem to lose their minds or their minds become perverted into machines of inflicting violence on others. They seem to lose their powers of reasoning. Most of them, however, could not be classified as insane as say, schizophrenia patients, and so they would not normally be sent to the Mental Hospital for psychiatric treatment. In Guyana, two types of drugs are commonly used by drug addicts - cocaine and ganja. Very small quantities of other types such as ecstasy could sometimes be found, but drug users are firmly hitched to cocaine and ganja. Cocaine is a foreign import, mostly originating in Colombia. Guyana, by the activities of criminal drug dealers, has become a transshipment port to North America and Europe. The cocaine in local use seems to derive from these transshipment stocks. There are numerous ingenious ways cocaine is smuggled out of the country and these are exposed from time to time as smugglers are caught. One of the retributive incidents of cocaine smuggling occurred a few years ago: A member of a family who resided abroad visited his family and was returning with a few bottles of rum. Unfortunately, he forgot to pack the rum and it was left with his hosts. As there was no possibility of sending the rum to him, they
decided to use the liquor. Two or three members of that family died from drinking that rum because it was spiked with cocaine. The other common narcotic is ganja. Ganja is home-grown and has been in common use from the 19th century. There is no chemical process to produce it as is the case with cocaine. Ganja is simply the dried leaves and stems of the ganja plant and is used either as a tea but far more often, it is smoked. It was introduced to the West Indies by Indian indentured immigrants who used it in certain religious ceremonies. That accounts for its Hindi name, ganja. Its use was strictly religious and there was never any addiction. Even when other ethnic groups adopted it, there was never any addiction. It was sold in the shops in the 19th century as is commemorated by the wellknown folk song “Ganja Mannie” where the African buyer is asking the Portuguese shopkeeper, Mannie, or Manuel to let him have a shilling’s worth of ganja. The Jamaican Rastafari cult adopted ganja for ritual use and seem to have fully taken over the Indian tradition of its use. Rastafarians use an Indian-style smoking pipe, the cheelam, and other Hindi words are attached to its usage. Ganja was known to make its users “high” just as high wine (strong rum) did but it rarely resulted in violent criminal behaviour. Cocaine and ganja were, at one time, not regarded as feared and dangerous narcotics until after World War II. Cocaine was widely used as an anesthesia in dentistry and was sold at the drug stores. And little notice was taken of ganja and its use. The transformation of cocaine and ganja into dangerous addictive drugs which could result in violent anti-social behaviour only came about in the 1950’s and was a transference from the United States to Guyana and the West Indies. And as if to underline this transference, the American name “marijuana” began to replace the native name “ganja”. Cocaine is much more dangerous to mind and body than ganja. Indeed, there are groups in the West Indies, including Rastafarians, who are calling for the use of ganja to be legalized, pointing out its medicinal value and that it has been legalized in Holland and at least one American state. Local law-makers cannot, however, ignore the transformation which has occurred in the concept and
use of these drugs. These drugs, as they are in America, are now regarded as dangerous and anti-social. The majority of deportees from the United States are believed to be cocaine users and they increase the local demand for the drug. Cocaine is the basic drug used in the drug trade with the United States and has connections with much of the serious crime in Guyana. National territory is illegally entered by cocainetransporting aircraft and even small submarines for the same purpose. It has brought added policing costs on the taxpayer and more burdens on the Judiciary and opprobrium to the country. To the ordinary Guyanese citizens, however, their immediate concern is removing violent drug addicts from amongst them, addicts who could attack them
From page 60
TAXI SERVICE GR TAXI SERVICE. CALL: 219-5000; 227-1982 & 2257878 (24HRS) AJ TAXI SERVICE Tel: 2316403/223-6400. 24 hrs 36-37 Robb & Cummings street. Comfort, Safety, Reliable. LAND FOR SALE Parafaite Harmonie, Eccles, Uivlugt, Tuschen, Covent Garden, Herstelling, Diamond, Providence, Zeelugt. Tel# 686-9608 Parafaite Harmonie - $1.8M 1st Uitvlugt - 2.5M Zeelugt 2M Tuschen- 3.2M Tel#6976311 Call Ron your number one land dealer in buying and selling land. Tel: 611-7223 Parafaite Harmonie (way upfront/graded) $1.6M Schnoord $2.8M Herstelling $2M & $5M Farm $2.8M Eccles $2.8M Tel: 656-0701/ 651-1969 100 acres agricultural land, right bank, Barima river, NWD, Essequibo. #668-7687/ 677-9638 1 & 3/4 acre of transport land 67 ft x 1200 ft @ Independence St, La Grange WBD. Price $10.5M neg Call: 621-1223 Corner lot transported at 90 Garnette and Republic Streets 58’x31' Call: 622-6000 Newtown Kitty.
without warning. Citizens are therefore interested in preventing young people from becoming drug users by means of Education and in the rehabilitation of addicts and users. Education could be done along the lines of the antitobacco campaigns, at least one module in the curriculum
of the Teachers Training College so that teachers would be able to bring antidrug education to the classroom and ParentTeachers associations should be involved so that parents may be alerted of the ways of protecting their children from drug use. Rehabilitation of drug
addicts and users should be a specific countrywide programe of the Ministry of Public Health and personnel should be professionally trained in rehabilitation work to staff rehabilitation centres. At the moment the only rehabilitation centre is a private and voluntary one conducted by the Salvation Army. With Education and Rehabilitation supplemented by efficient policing, drug use and addiction could be brought under control and eventually miniaturized.
Trinidad signs agreement with major European travel group BERLIN - CMC – Trinidad and Tobago has signed an agreement with DER Touristik Group, the third largest European travel group following initial discussions in November last year. Tourism Minister Shamfa Cudjoe, who is attending the ITB Berlin, billed as the world’s leading travel trade show, said that the German-
Sunday March 11, 2018
based group is “looking at bringing its campus to Trinidad and Tobago and we have been in discussion since October November last year…” “We have signed on the dotted line today to say that yes it is on, we have finalised arrangements and we are really excited about this new initiative, exposing Trinidad
and Tobago to the German market.” She said the German group will be bringing over 200 tour agents to Trinidad and Tobago. “Of course there are going to be pre-trips in different Caribbean islands, Tobago being one, Aruba, Martinique, Guadeloupe and a number of other islands.
OECS collaborating to eliminate HIV and Tuberculosis CASTRIES, St. Lucia CMC – The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) says it is implementing a multi-million dollar programme aimed at eliminating tuberculosis and HIV in the Eastern Caribbean. The OECS Commission said it has partnered with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Global Fund to implement the five million US dollar TB/HIV project being undertaken in St Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Lucia, A n t i gua and Barbuda, Dominica, St. Kitts-Nevis and Grenada with outcomes and lessons learnt being applied to other member states of the nine-member sub-regional grouping. The OECS Commission
said that representatives of the countries recently convened to provide an update on project progress to all stakeholders and that Dr. Cleophas d’Auvergne, the project coordinator introduced newly developed regional TB/HIV Clinical Guidelines. “We presented the newly developed OECS TB/HIV clinical guidelines to be endorsed by the member states as a document that can be used as a model for others. “We also aimed to finalize the TB elimination plans of countries, as well as to agree on specific implementation activities for 2018,” he added. The guidelines aim at harmonizing the processes of prevention, control and treatment of tuberculosis and HIV
among all the participating countries. The Clinical Care Coordinator for TB/HIV in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Dr. H. Davy, said that the guidelines are prominent for medical practitioners. “The project allows us to concentrate our efforts on major improvements to elimination efforts. Before we had the guidelines, some health professionals were attaining a diagnosis in an incorrect way. One case of tuberculosis is one too much in this modern day and age” said Dr. Davy. He said in the case of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, an average seven cases of tuberculosis are recorded annually.
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Guyana’s multi-sectoral drug demand reduction strategy lauded The global war on drugs is an expensive undertaking costing the global economy some US$100 billion annually, according to the UK-based NGO Transform Drug Policy Foundation. Guyana’s 2018 budget by comparison is US$53.4 million. Conservative estimates put the value of the global illicit drug market at some US$330 billion, more than enough to help facilitate corruption reaching up to the highest level everywhere. Globally, there are some 29.5 million persons suffer from drug use disorders according the UN 2017 statistics. This figure is 0.6 percent of the global adult population who the international body said on its website “were engaged in problematic use and suffered from drug use disorders, including dependence.” The UN said while the international market for new psychoactive substances [NPS] is still minuscule users expose themselves to possibly worsening health risks because they are “unaware of the content and dosage of psychoactive substances in some NPS.” But Guyana has been making progress in combating this situation. In fact, Ren Gonzales, a Psychology and Human Resources specialist this past week praised Guyana’s multisectoral strategy to help reduce the desire for access to the growing spectrum of available illegal drugs which wreak havoc on societies. The results of a Guyanese survey conducted in schools five years ago concluded that local students then used a variety of dangerous drugs. The country’s National Drug Strategy Master Plan 2016 – 2020 referring to the study noted that “1.4 per cent of the
Ren Gonzales facilitates the recent training session
students used cocaine at least once in their lifetime [and] 1.9 percent…used crack at least once in their lifetime.” According to the study, the “lifetime prevalence rate for solvent and inhalants was 10.8 percent while it was 3.2 percent for tranquilisers, 2.9 per cent for stimulants, 1.6 percent for ecstasy, 1.0 percent for heroin, 0.7 per cent each for morphine, cocoa paste and hallucinogens, and 0.6 percent for both opium and hashish.” But Gonzales admitted, the global war on drugs is failing. This he attributed to the fact that the number of users around the world escalated in 2017. He disclosed too that more people are escaping the global dragnet and become ensnared in the trawl of the dark, illegal drug underworld. He revealed too that some of those who manage to seek treatment have a high rate of habitual relapse. According to Gonzales, the rate is usually between 60 to 90 percent. For this reason, he said, drug demand reduction specialists must target relapse prevention but differentiate between a “lapse and a slip” lest they misdiagnose patients. “Good diagnosis means better prognosis,” Gonzales counselled while praising the
country’s “very active training programme.” According to Gonzales it is heartening to see local efforts reach beyond health workers to include Guyana Prison Service officers and ranks of the Guyana Police Force in the drug demand reduction quest. “This is very good,” Gonzales said. He predicts that an injection of the science of psychology into the country’s drug demand reduction programme will bear fruit if practitioners are also equipped with the psychometric and psychodiagnostic tools and not rely solely on interviews with clients for insight. Guyana currently has very few trained and practicing psychologists but the recently-introduced psychology programme at the University of Guyana [UG], Turkeyen Campus is expected to bridge this gap said Gonzales, who is also President of the Guyana Psychological Association. He wants successfully rehabilitated clients to be empowered to become useful members of society and Guyana’s national programme to pursue a holistic strategy to help solve the drugdemand problem which could have financial and other implications.
“We cannot look at one dimension of the problem,” Gonzales counselled noting that psychologists, sports personalities, religious counsellors, health workers and experts from other fields should be utilised in Guyana’s drug-demand reduction effort. The country’s blueprint is a harmonious arrangement straddling public health and public security focusing on demand and supply reduction, control measures, institutional strengthening and policy coordination and international cooperation. The five-year plan outlines the country’s national policies, identifies its
priorities and assigns responsibilities for drug control efforts. “In essence it guides the operational plans of all government departments and other bodies involved in the reduction of demand, supply control, and all other aspects of the national fight against drug abuse and its associated ills,” the document said. While its strategies expressed are premised on existing national realities, it also makes provisions for the myriad of international, regional and hemispheric treaties, agreements and other covenants Guyana has ratified. Two Ministry of Public
Health employees, Ms Ayodele Kingston, of Region Four [Demerara/Mahaica] and Ms. Vilma Amsterdam of Region Six [East Berbice/ Corentyne] lauded the initiative which trained them on motivational interviewing and relapse prevention. The training was facilitated by Gonzales. “This week’s programme was more in-depth than what we were exposed to in the past,” Kingston said. For Ms. Amsterdam, “it was very informative and the role plays were insightful and revealed an understanding of the depths of the content they learned during the lifetransforming five days.”
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Parliament gives nod to Anti-Gang legislation PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad - CMC – The Trinidad and Tobago parliament late Friday night approved the Anti-Gang Bill, 2018 that will allow for persons to be jailed for up to 25 years for being a gang leader. In addition, the legislation, which found favour with all Parliamentarians present during the vote, will provide for a 10 year jail term for being a gang member and or 20 years for a second conviction. The government and the opposition had been at loggerheads over the passage of the bill that was defeated late last year, when the opposition legislators refused to give the required support for the special majority, as they bickered over the duration of the sunset clause in the bill. But when the vote was taken on Friday night, 34 legislators, including 16 opposition members, who were present in the chamber, approved the legislation. Attorney General Faris Al-Rawi, who piloted the legislation, said it was “déjà, déjà vu” as he described the bill as a critical piece of law that would benefit the country in its fight against crime. The bill makes it an offence to be a member of a gang, to be in possession of a bullet-proof vest, to participate in, or contribute to, the activities of a gang, to support or invite support for a gang, or to harbour or conceal gang members or recruit persons to a gang.
Attorney General Faris Al-Rawi Because the bill is inconsistent with Sections 4 and 5 of the Constitution a special three-fifths majority of the members was required for it to be passed. The Government did not get initial support for the bill and it failed on December 7, last year when the opposition voted against the measure. Al-Rawi told legislators Friday that the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) deserved the law to help in the fight against crime, but warned that it will not be a “panacea” or a cure all for all of the criminal activities here. He said since the bill was defeated in the Parliament last December there had been 131 murders recorded, with 39 being classified as gang related.Opposition leader Kamla Persad Bissessar, who was the only opposition member to speak on the bill last night, said since the TTPS was adamant that the bill
Opposition leader Kamla Persad Bissessar would assist, her members agreed to find a way to make it happen in a bi-partisan approach.“When we did not support it, it was not out of spite, it was not out of malice, it was not out of ill will, it was always in the best interest of the country. And I want to make it very clear that when we did not support it, it was not that we were being unpatriotic, that was not the issue at all. In fact, we were being patriotic to protect the rights of the majority of the citizens of our country,” she said. Earlier this month, Prime Minister Dr. Keith Rowley said that the government would reluctantly agree to the two year period as advocated for the duration of the sunset clause, even though his administration had originally wanted a four year term limit and had reduced it to three years. The bill now goes to the Senate for a vote.
UK police identify over 200 witnesses in nerve agent attack – minister SALISBURY, England (Reuters) - British police have identified more than 200 witnesses and are looking at more than 240 pieces of evidence in their investigation into a nerve agent attack on a Russian ex-spy and his daughter, interior minister Amber Rudd said yesterday. Former double agent Sergei Skripal, 66, and his daughter Yulia, 33, have been in hospital in a critical condition since last Sunday, when they were found unconscious on a bench in the southern English cathedral city of Salisbury. “The two victims remain in hospital and they’re critical but stable,” Rudd told reporters after chairing a meeting of the government’s Cobra security committee. Skripal betrayed dozens of Russian agents to British intelligence before his arrest
in Moscow in 2004. He was sentenced to 13 years in prison in 2006, and in 2010 was given refuge in Britain after being exchanged for Russian spies.Many in British media and politics have speculated that Russia could have played a part in the attack on Skripal, but Rudd reiterated that it was too early to say who was responsible, and police should be given the time and space to determine the facts.The Kremlin has denied any involvement in the incident and accused the British media of whipping up anti-Russian hysteria. In Salisbury, normally a quiet city, military vehicles and troops in protective suits and gas masks were seen working at several of the sites associated with the Skripal investigation. At an ambulance station a short distance from the city
Amber Rudd centre, troops in light grey overalls, purple gloves and gas masks covered ambulances with black tarpaulins as they prepared to remove them. At the hospital where the Skripals were being treated another team used an army truck to remove a police car.
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Kangaloo seeks time to ad dr ess PM’ s quer y PM’s query addr dress Trinidad Guardian - Chief Justice Ivor Archie has agreed to defer his scheduled departure on sabbatical to the United States tomorrow, so the issue can be cleared up by President Anthony Carmona. Friday, acting President Christine Kangaloo confirmed that she had communicated with Archie and he had agreed to defer his departure. The request for the deferral, according to a release from President’s House, was to enable further communication in relation to the letter which Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley sent to the President on March 7. The PM is seeking clarification on the authority under which Carmona granted the CJ sabbatical leave. Two senior counsel believe Carmona was duped into granting approval for the sabbatical leave. Avery Sinanan SC said the letter the CJ wrote to Carmona on November 8, 2017, “gave the impression that he was applying to the President for the sabbatical,” but he said “he had already given himself the sabbatical.” Israel Khan SC meanwhile said he was of the view there is no provision for the CJ to go on sabbatical, “so he misled the President under the pretext that he is entitled to go on six months sabbatical and the President, without checking, granted it.” Khan said “this act of misleading the President is an act of misbehaviour in public office and brings the office of the President into disrepute.” He said he was of the view the Prime Minister should now move to “trigger a Section 137 investigation,” in order to ascertain whether “CJ Archie should be removed from office.” In his letter to the President, the CJ informed
…Archie defers his leave
Chief Justice Ivor Archie
Acting President Christine Kangaloo
Carmona that the Federal Judicial Centre in Washington DC had approved his application to be its visiting foreign judicial fellow for a period of up to six months in 2018. He pointed to the 98th Report of the Salaries Review Commission, which recommended that officers in the higher judiciary be eligible for a maximum of six months sabbatical leave after a minimum of seven years continuous service. In 2014, Archie said the judges of the Supreme Court approved “in principle”: a draft internal policy on the approval of sabbatical leave. Archie said he was “seeking Your Excellency’s approval to be away from the jurisdiction on sabbatical leave from March to August 2018,” adding he will return in time for the opening of the 20182019 law term. Speaking on CNC3’s Morning Brew yesterday, Sinanan said “having given himself the sabbatical, he was telling the President ‘listen I have this sabbatical, I want leave to be absent from the jurisdiction’, so the President’s approval was to give him leave to be absent from the jurisdiction not to take up the sabbatical.”
The CJ wrote to the President, Sinanan said, in accordance with Chapter 6:02 of the Judges Salaries and Pensions Act, which states that no judge should be absent from the country without the permission of the President. Sinanan said the letter to the President “was cleverly crafted. It gave the impression that he was applying for the sabbatical.” However, he said the President ought to have “exercised some kind of restraint” and informed the CJ it was “inappropriate for him to leave,” and refused the leave of absence. Sinanan said Archie is the “foremost architect” of the “debacle” the judiciary faces. (See editorial on Page A18) In light of all that has transpired, he said, “He has lost so much credibility I don’t think members of the judiciary, members of the fraternity and the public will have confidence in him continuing to lead the judiciary.” Sinanan added that the Prime Minister and Government can no longer bury their heads in the sand and must act to “institute an investigation and say on the basis of the investigation whether the Chief Justice should be removed or not.”
Govt. creating new jobs, lowering unemployment KINGSTON, Jamaica (JIS) — Minister of Finance and the Public Service, Audley Shaw, says the Government is keeping its commitment to the Jamaican people to create new jobs and reduce unemployment. “I am pleased to report that an additional 43,000 persons have been employed over the past two years and the unemployment rate, according to the Statistical Institute of Jamaica, has fallen from 12.9 per cent in October 2016 to 10.4 per cent in October 2017,” he noted. “This is significant progress,” he said, while opening the 2018/19 Budget Debate in Parliament on Thursday. He said that emphasis will be placed on increasing training to meet the need for skilled labour, which will help to lower the unemployment rate even further. He noted that the ultimate goal is to steadily increase the proportion of higher-paying jobs. The finance minister said there was need to accelerate the pace of human development and training for the population.
Audley Shaw He informed that the United Nations projects a decline in Jamaica’s working-age population by 2030, and labour shortages could become an obstacle to faster growth. “What this means is that the medium- and long-term prosperity of Jamaica requires that we urgently accelerate our strategy of focused human resource development and training programmes to increase productivity. We have a lot of work to do,” he
said.Meanwhile, Shaw told the House that gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated to have increased by 0.9 per cent for 2017/18, with the period highlighted by record-breaking growth in tourist arrivals, a construction boom, historically high job creation, a fast-growing stock market, positive business confidence, and the strongest economic buffers in decades. He noted, however, that the growth was not as high as projected, due mainly to the negative effects of unexpectedly high rainfall on agriculture and delays in restarting the production of bauxite and alumina. “Without these issues, the Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ) estimates that economic growth would have been between two per cent and 2.5 per cent. This is still not enough, and we still have important work to do,” Shaw said.He noted that the economy has to be restructured so as to reduce the country’s vulnerability to weather-related events.
Trump says North Korea agrees to not test missiles ‘through meetings’ WA S H I N G T O N (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump said yesterday North Korea had agreed to not conduct another missile test until after proposed meetings with its leader, Kim Jong Un, had taken place, as he sought to rally international support for a potential summit.“North Korea has not conducted a Missile Test since November 28, 2017 and has promised not to do so through our meetings. I believe they will honour that commitment!” Trump wrote on Twitter.Trump’s comments aligned with what a South Korean official had stated on Thursday about the possible talks. Trump made no mention of nuclear tests in his tweet, however. It was not immediately clear which meetings Trump was referring to or their exact timing. South Korean officials said earlier last week that Trump had agreed to an invitation from Kim to meet by May. The White House has been under fire for agreeing to talks and responded to the criticism on Friday by warn-
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ing that no summit would occur unless Pyongyang took “concrete actions” over its nuclear programme. Trump also took to Twitter yesterday to characterize the leaders of China and Japan as supportive of the potential dialogue, even as he did little to clear up confusion over the timing of any talks and what preconditions would be required. “President XI told me he appreciates that the U.S. is working to solve the problem diplomatically rather than going with the ominous alternative,” Trump wrote on Twitter, referring to Chinese President Xi Jinping. “China continues to be helpful!” Trump also tweeted yesterday: “Spoke to Prime Minister Abe of Japan, who is very enthusiastic about talks with North Korea. Also discussing opening up Japan to much better trade with the U.S. Currently have a massive $100 Billion Trade Deficit. Not fair or sustainable. It will all work out!” Trump wrote. Late on Friday Trump wrote that a deal with North Korea “is very much in the
making and will be, if completed, a very good one for the World. Time and place to be determined.” The head of South Korea’s National Security Office, Chung Eui-yong, speaking in Washington on Thursday after briefing Trump about a meeting South Korean officials held with Kim last week, said the U.S. president had agreed to meet the North Korean leader by May in response to an invitation from Kim.Kim had “committed to denuclearisation” and to suspending nuclear and missile tests, Chung said. “I told President Trump that, in our meeting, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said he is committed to denuclearisation. Kim pledged that North Korea will refrain from any further nuclear or missile tests” Trump’s sudden decision to meet with Kim stunned even people in his own administration. Some U.S. officials and experts worry North Korea could buy time to build up and refine its nuclear arsenal if it drags out talks with Washington.
PAHO chief identifies top health priorities for the Caribbean WASHINGTON - CMC – The director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Dr. Carissa F. Etienne, has identified what she regards as the top health priorities for the Americas, including the Caribbean, for the next five years. During a briefing with Caribbean and other diplomats and staff at the Permanent Council of the Washingtonbased Organization of American States (OAS), Dr. Etienne said advancing universal health coverage and universal access to health in the region will be the top priority during that period. She said PAHO will also place priority in eliminating several communicable diseases and reducing deaths from non-communicable diseases by 25 per cent by the year 2025. Dr. Etienne’s remarks came during her presentation of a “key accountability report” that covers the period 2013-2017. PAHO said the report highlights major health progress and challenges in the Americas during that period and presents health priorities for PAHO and regional countries over the next five years. “Our vision for the future of our organization and our region is to see all peoples of the Americas, particularly the underserved, achieving the highest attainable standard of health and well-being that allows them to enjoy dignified and pro-
Dr. Carissa F. Etienne ductive lives. I believe that you share this same vision,” Dr. Etienne told her audience. “It is fundamental that we continue working together to sustain the gains achieved in recent years in the health sector but also in other sectors. We must ensure that no one is left behind,” she added. OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro agreed that achieving universal health should be a priority for countries of the Americas. “The main challenge is how to move from principle to practice on the right to health. This is a shared responsibility, and we will continue working with PAHO to make it happen.” Dr. Etienne said PAHO’s efforts to promote universal health focus on “the development of resilient health systems based on the primary
health care approach” and “ensuring universal access to quality and comprehensive services throughout the life course.” She said PAHO will also promote “a renewed focus on equitable health for all women and children, ethnic groups, indigenous populations, and people living in conditions of vulnerability.” With respect to eliminating communicable diseases, she said PAHO seeks to increase the number of countries certifying the elimination of malaria, tuberculosis, and n e g l e c t e d tropical diseases, and will work toward elimination of HIV transmission in the Americas as a whole by 2030. Dr. Etienne noted that three important pu b l i c health milestones were reached during the fiveyear period under review: the regional elimination of endemic rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in 2015, and the elimination of endemic measles in 2016. “Several other diseases can be eliminated in the next two to four years if the political and financial commitment is enhanced by our Member States.” During the five-year period, she said PAHO also worked with its member countries to prepare for the possible introduction of Ebola virus (in 2014) and helped them cope with the rapid and wide spread of chikungunya virus during 2014 and 2015.
Erdogan vows to press Syria offensive to key Kurdish-held towns Istanbul (AFP) - President Recep Tayyip Erdogan yesterday vowed to expand Turkey’s offensive in Syria against Kurdish militia to key border towns controlled by the group right up to the Iraqi frontier. Turkey launched its operation seeking to oust Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) militia from the Afrin region of northern Syria on January 20 and Erdogan said Thursday its forces could now enter Afrin town at “any moment”. But Ankara has always threatened to expand the operation to the east to oust the YPG from the swathe of territory it controls right up to Iraq. Speaking to supporters in the city of Mersin, Erdogan said the Turkish army and allied Syrian rebels wanted to oust the YPG from all the
towns they control close to the Turkish border. “Once we have purged the terrorists (from Afrin) we will then cleanse them from Manbij, Ayn al-Arab, TelAbyad, Ras al-Ayn and Qamishli,” he said in televised comments. Manbij, the next main YPG-held town east of Afrin, is a particular flashpoint as it has an American military presence there. Ayn al-Arab, better known by its Kurdish name Kobane, has huge symbolic importance as it was the epicentre of a struggle with Islamic State (IS) jihadists which was eventually won by the Kurds. Qamishli is seen as the main town of the YPG-controlled region. Turkey regards the YPG as a terror group and a branch of militants in Turkey who
have waged an insurgency for decades. The United States however has worked closely with the YPG in the fight against IS and the campaign has raised tensions with Turkey’s NATO ally Washington. Erdogan questioned why NATO had not come to Turkey’s aid in its Syria operation when Ankara had backed critical alliance campaigns worldwide. “Hey NATO where are you?” Erdogan asked. “We came in response to the calls on Afghanistan, Somalia and the Balkans, and now I am making the call, let’s go to Syria. Why don’t you come?” On Saturday, the Britainbased Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said the Turkish forces were now four kilometres (2.5 miles) from Afrin town.
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Kaieteur M@ilbox EU, Japan start push for exemptions from USA tariffs BRUSSELS (Reuters) The European Union and Japan urged the United States yesterday to grant them exemptions from metal import tariffs, with Tokyo calling for “calm-headed behaviour” in a dispute that threatens to spiral into a trade war. U.S. President Donald Trump set import tariffs on Thursday of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminium, to come into force in 15 days. But he exempted Canada and Mexico and held out the possibility of excluding other allies. After meetings with U.S. trade envoy Robert Lighthizer in Brussels, EU and Japanese trade officials said negotiations would need to continue. Europe’s trade chief Cecilia Malmstrom described talks with Lighthizer as “frank” and said they had not brought clarity on the exemption procedure. Talks would continue next week. “As a close security and trade partner of the US, the EU must be excluded from the announced measures,” she tweeted after bilateral and trilateral meetings. Japanese Trade Minister Hiroshige Seko said he had expressed Japanese concern to Lighthizer and warned of major market disruption.
“We call for calm-headed behaviour,” he told reporters. Seko did not go into what conditions might allow Japan to evade tariffs and, asked if Lighthizer had brought up the U.S. trade deficit with Japan, Seko said no. “He only explained the schedule and the procedures,” he said. Any Japanese response, he said, would be in line with World Trade Organization rules: “If there is a violation, then we will seek consultations,” Seko said. “We will look at the impact on Japanese businesses and make a final decision.” The European Union and Japan, the United States’ top economic and military ally in Asia, also reiterated that their exports were not a threat to U.S. national security, rejecting Trump’s justification for imposing the tariffs. Lighthizer did not make any immediate comment after the meetings. The three parties did agree on joint steps to tackle global steel overcapacity and distorted market practices, including stronger rules on subsidies and more sharing of information about market abuse. The visit had been
planned for weeks as a followup discussion on overcapacity, seen by observers as a swipe at China. However, it took on more urgency after Trump’s tariff move. Commission Vice President Jyrki Katainen warned Washington on Friday not to expect any concessions to win an exemption. “This is not a trade negotiation,” he said. “We are talking about unilateral action against international rules.” The European Commission, which coordinates trade policy for the 28-nation EU, the world’s biggest trading bloc, has said it is ready to impose safeguards, tariffs or quotas to protect its own steel and aluminium industries from products diverted to Europe because of the U.S. measures. It has already started monitoring incoming metal flows to see whether a surge occurs. The EU is also maintaining a threat of counter-measures that would target U.S. imports ranging from maize to motorcycles, and may publish its list next week to allow industry and other interested parties to give their input. Under World Trade Organization rules,
U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer (C) European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom and Japan’s Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Hiroshige Seko in Brussels, Belgium yester. REUTERS/Stephanie Lecocq/Pool such counter-measures have to be in place within 90 days of the U.S. tariffs entering force. European steel and aluminium associations have warned that the U.S. tariffs could cost their sectors thousands of jobs.
Sunday March 11, 2018
New Champs to be crowned in Burnham Windball... From page 73 year, 102 off 19 balls with (15x6s), D. Seecharan 58 TI defeat Kuru Kuru Cooperative College 69-5, Aiesha Carmichael 36. Gentle 1-8, Seecharan 1-4. Cummings Lodge 129 1; C Charles 62, S. Amin 36, Stahsha Reece 22 beat Tu c v i l l e 11 2 - 0 , A. Woodroffe 40. Boys – Valmiki V High 111-2, Dinnath Roopnarine 31, Bharrat Deoram 26, Khemraj Mahabir 22, Rahul Singh 18 lost to Charlestown Government Secondary 115-1, A Budhai 54, H. Pooran 38. Q/Finals -Saint John’s College 105-1, Gustavous Hudson 60, Odida Douglas 38 lost to Mae’s Secondary 110-2; U. Balgobin 54,
Andre Boyce 46. Q/Finals Charlestown 174, B. Valney 66, K. Brandon 42 defeated Sophia Special School 78-5, Omar Vaughn 24, Seon Smith 22. S e m i - M a e ’s 8 6 - 5 , S a m u e l Wo o d r o ff e 3 0 , Jonthan Vanlange 18 lost to Charlestown 87-1, B. Valney 40. The scheduled matches today will see: Girls Semis Starting Time 5:00PM Patentia Secondary vs C a m i l l e ’s I n s t i t u t e a n d M a e ’s S e c o n d a r y v s Cummings Lodge S e c o n d a r y. T h e B o y s Bishops High School vs Charlestown Government Secondary and Camille’s Institute for Business & Science Studies vs Patentia Secondary.
UCCA Ramnaresh... From page 74 Only two games were played and only 20 overs were possible in each match. Despite the limited play there were two outstanding p e r f o r m a n c e s w i t h T. Ramdass hammering the first century, a pugnacious 160 for No72 All Start against No77 and Mahendra Bhola taking 5 wickets for Crabwood Creek against No 59 Sports Club. Results were Crabwood Creek Sports Club defeated no 59 Youth Club by 52 runs. Scores in the matches were - CWC batted first and made 162-9 in 20 overs with Andrew Khan 43, Dorsan Chslitar 42 and Mahendra Bhola 27. Bowling for No 59 Youth Club, Vick and Josh Ramsarran picked up three
Sunday March 11, 2018 ARIES (Mar. 21–Apr. 19) There is a tremendous amount of physical energy building within you, Aries. Be careful that you don't let this incredible force come out in the form of a heated argument
LIBRA (Sept. 23–Oct. 22) A large force is gathering now to make a bold statement and important pledge, Libra. This kind of movement brings together generations and unites people in a revolution.
TAURUS (Apr. 20–May 20) You're sailing along and suddenly see a big ramp in front of you, Taurus. Your choice: avoid the ramp, stay on the ground where you know it's safe
SCORPIO (Oct. 23–Nov. 21) There is a burning restlessness inside you that is activated because you don't feel as if you're fulfilling your life's destiny, Scorpio.
GEMINI(May 21–June 20) A great sense of duty toward your fellow humans is likely to drive your actions, Gemini. Think of yourself as an important role model for young people.
SAGIT(Nov.22–Dec.21) There is a strong wave of power coming your way, so be careful how you handle it, Sagittarius. You're extra prone to injuries and accidents of an explosive nature.
CANCER (June 21–July 22) There is a negative intensity about the day that is only going to get worse if you continue this stubbornness about every issue that comes your way, Cancer.
CAPRI (Dec.22–Jan.19) Your energy is likely to operate in extreme bursts, Capricorn. One minute you may be lethargic and the next you're ready to run a marathon.
LEO (July 23–Aug. 22) Whether or not you willingly participate, you'll certainly play a key role in the action, Leo. VIRGO (Aug. 23–Sept. 22) The time for planning and calculating is over, Virgo. The time for taking aggressive action has arrived. If you don't have your armor ready, too bad. You'll be thrust onto the battlefield with the rest of the troops even if you're in your underwear.
AQUARIUS(Jan.20–Feb.18) You might want to put on your suit of armor as soon as you wake up, Aquarius. An all-out battle is raging out there, and it could seem like everyone has picked you as the main target. PISCES (Feb. 19–Mar. 20) Debates over philosophy, religion, and education are likely to turn into all-out war. Feel free to add your two cents, Pisces. This is one time in which it's crucial to stand up for what you believe
and two wickets respectively. No 59 Youth Club were bowled out for 105 in 16 overs with Bish Buchan 32 and Ramnarine Appiah 29. Doing the damage for CWC Sports Club was Mahendra Bhola with 5-15. In the next game No72 All Stars hammered No 77 Sports Club by 186 runs. All Stars took first strike and bludgeoned their opponents bowling to race to 229 in 20 overs with T. Ramdass scoring the first century of the competition as he blasted the bowling to all parts of the ground for a swashbuckling 160 (12 x4, 12x6) in a dominating display. Bowling for No 77, Narine with 3 and Rogers and Carag with 2 each were the main wicket takers.They in their turn at the wicket were bundled out for 43. T. Boucher with 4-10 and Gobin 3-12 were the main wicket takers for All Stars. The competition continues today with 12 more matches. The other teams taking part in the competition are Bomb Squad, All family, Skeldon Titans, Back Center Renegade, Scottsburg, Jukestown, No73 Cricket Club, No 72 Cut and Load, No71 Sports Club, No71 Cricket Club, No70 Young Blood, No70 MYO, No70 Cricket Club, No 69 Red Rose, No69 Vikings, No68 Cricket Club, No 48 Challengers, No 43Cricket Club, Mibicuri Caribs and Mibicuri Cricket Club. (Samuel Whyte)
Sunday March 11, 2018
Perez leads DCC’s to Carib Beer Trophy as GCC lose by six runs in last over drama
GCA Carib Beer T20 division one final By Sean Devers Watched by the largest crowd in recent times for club cricket at Bourda, DCC beat arch rivals GCC by six runs in an exciting last over win yesterday in the 2017 Carib Beer T20 final after DCC won the toss and elected to bat on a good track and fairly fast outfield in sultry conditions. With pulsating music coming from the Sound System, DCC recovered from 59-4 in the 10th over to reach 155-7 as West Indies U-19 player and Man-of-the-Match Raymond Perez, led the fight-back with a 40-ball 54 decorated with five fours and a six. After Perez departed at 130-7 in the 19th over, Jahron Bryan, who slammed 34 from 29 balls with two fours and a six and Steven Sankar, 17 with two fours and a six, joined forces to add 25 runs from nine balls in an unfinished eight wicket stand as the last five overs produced 60 runs.Left-arm spinner Anthony Adams was the most economical bowler with 2-18, while West Indies U-19 medium pacer Renaldo AliMohamed had 3-34 for GCC, who were restricted to 147-7 after needing 13 from last over. The Left-handed 27-year-old Robin Bacchus hit seven fours and a six in a 40-ball 55 but after he was bowled by West Indies U-19 left-arm spinner Ashmead Nedd with the score on 83-4 in the 13th over, only Martin Pestano-Bell, who hit sixes in 18 towards the end, reached
West Indies U-19 batsman Raymond Perez scored a match winning 53 and collects his MoM Award from GCC’s Graeme Ali. (Sean Devers photo) double figures. Trevon Griffith, who plays for Jamaica at the Regional level, took 3-35, while fellow off-spinner Denis Squires had 2-34. Set 156 to win, Bacchus, who had a good day in the field taking two catches for GCC, hammered Sherfane Rutherford for four in the first over before smashing Squires for consecutive boundaries. Bacchus, who played a single Regional 50-over game for Guyana, blasted Nedd for four and domi-
nated the partnership with Jetendra Sookdeo who struggled to get the ball off the square. Sookdeo (17) broke the shackles with back-to-back sixes off Squires before hitting the next ball to longon to fall at 36-1 before Bacchus finished off the over with a sweep for six. Leon Johnson joined Bacchus but Griffith was introduced in the 10th over with the score 67-1 and bowling with a suspect action which was not reported by the Umpires,
had Johnson (6) caught at long-on. Vishaul Singh joined Bacchus who swept Squires for two to reach his 50 from 36 with six fours and a six before Singh (1) played a brainless reverse sweep to a full toss from Squires and was caught at backward point to leave the hosts on 76-3 at a time when sensible batting was required with the on-fire Bacchus at the other end. Bacchus hammered Griffith for four before he was bowled by Nedd at 83-4, while Gavin Singh was removed by Griffith for a duck a run later and GCC had slipped from 67-1 to 84-5. After Ali-Mohamed departed Pestano-Bell and Ward threw their bats around before departing in the space of a run in the final over after injecting life back into the game. Earlier, Griffith cover drove offspinner Gavin Singh imperiously to the long-off boundary off the first ball of the match before Tevin Imlach gloriously cut Ward past point before clobbering him over mid-on for consecutive boundaries. Imlach, one of five Guyanese and one of four from DCC to play in the last U-19 World Cup, was run out for 12 in the next over at 26-1 while Griffith stroked Ali Mohamed for four, before he was removed by Gavin Singh after making 16 from 12 balls with two boundaries to leave the score on 37-2. Christopher Barnwell (2) was caught and bowled by Adams as DCC slipped to 43-3 in 5.3 overs.
Perez got going with a four off Adams, while West Indies U-16 Skipper Sachin Singh (13) stroked Ali Mohamed for four before once again throwing his wicket away as he tried to hit Ali Mohamed for six and was taken at long-on at 59-4. Rutherford (0) was bowled one later while Joshua Persaud (1) another U-19 World Cup player, was trapped LBW to Adams at 64-5 in the 11th over. Bryan pulled Wade for four before slapping him over cover for three as Wade, who conceded 13 in his first over, gave away 12 in his second and first in a new spell, while Perez spanked Johnson’s leg spin for back-to-back boundaries. And when Perez deposited Bacchus onto Regent Street, the large and raucous DCC supporters in dilapidated Kenny Whishart Stand, who were silenced by the cluster of early wickets, were back on their feet. Perez pulled Devon Lord for his fifth four to post his 50 which also included a six and took 37 balls before he was caught at long-off looking go big off Ali Mohamed at the death at 130-7 in the penultimate over. Byran charged Ali Mohamed and somehow managed to hit the ball over cover on top of the roof of Kenny Whishart Stand before Steven Sankar dumped Ali Mohamed for six and smashed him for four in an over which cost 18. Wade then bowled an excellent last over which cost just seven runs.
Sunday March 11, 2018
GAPLF’s Women celebrates International Women’s Day Hold Powerlifting exhibition yesterday By Sean Devers Yesterday at Pollo Tropical on Camp and Robb streets Lacytown, Female members of the Guyana Amateur Powerlifting Federation (GAPLF) celebrated International Women’s day (observed last week Thursday) with a Powerlifting exhibition. The exhibition which lasted from 11:00hrs to 13:00hrs saw the female Power lifters and volunteers demonstrating the various types of lifts with the first woman to volunteer, Christian Baird, a communications student at UG and an employee of Fashion Square Outlet, along with others who walked of off the Street to try their hands at Power lifting, receiving prizes of a branded Gym bottle with GAPLF’s logo. Thirteen Women, including two teenagers, all National and International Power lifters, were present to do demonstrations, hand out leaflets and provide information on the Sport. Powerlifting is a strength sport that consists of three attempts at maximal weight on three lifts: squat, bench press, and deadlift. As in the sport of Olympic weightlifting, it involves the athlete attempting a maximal weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates. Powerlifting evolved from a sport known as “odd lifts”, which followed the same three-attempt format but used a wider variety of events, akin to strongman competition. It is a Sport that requires its athletes to be both mentally and physically prepared to execute the lifts.
According to female lifters, Women first competed in Powerlifting at the ‘World level’ in 1980 and since then have participated in Regional and International competitions such as Commonwealth and World events.Those present yesterday said that Powerlifting has been traditionally dominated by Men over the last 13 years. “Women are now putting in outstanding performances in the Sports displaying Strength, Character and professionalism both on and off the platform,” explained Kathleen Paul, a physiotherapist by profession. “ We d i d t h i s e v e n t since we wanted to showcase mothers, housewives, those who work in normal jobs and University students among others who are involved in the Sport at the National and international level,” Paul continued.She added that the Sport also helps with stress relief and encourages healthy life style since drinking and smoking are bad for the Sport. Among those giving demonstrations was 18-year-old Britney Mack, who at 90 pounds lifted a weight of 132 pounds. She is a Commonwealth, Pan Am and National Medalist. The youngest member of the team was Tiniesha Tony. The 18-year-old is a student at UG and her Mother, Jackey Tony is an entrepreneur and a grandmother. Both are involved in the Sport. The younger Tony disclosed that she became interested in Powerlifting two years ago due to her friend’s father who was an Interna-
New Champs to be crowned in Burnham Windball tourney Two new champions will be crowned in both the girls and boys division when the curtains come down today on The Forbes Burnham Foundation - National Sports Commission - AL Sport & Tour Promotions Windball Cricket Champions Trophy 27th Edition organised by Sports Officer A. Munroe. In results from the latest round of matches: Girls Mae’s Secondary School (MSS) 154-0, Africa Gentle 84, Delany Seecharan 38 beat Saint Mary’s Secondary who replied with 89-2; Althea
Callender 32, Tenisha Barrow 18. Carmel Secondary 109-2, Indera Amandeo 54, Selena Thom 32 lost to Cummings Lodge secondary (CSS) 1140, Cassey Charles 62, Sarah Amin 40. Central High 89-0 Tlhiya Iqumba Hunte 30, Safisha Austin 25 wnt down to Tucville Secondary 92-1, Ashanti Woodroffe 38, Chola Pollard 20. In the Zone semis - Mae’s 172-0 with Africa Gentle hitting the first hundred in this (Continued on page 71)
tional Powerlifter. “I remember I was about 14 when my friend’s dad put down a 145 pound weight and I lifted. I got involved seriously in the a few years after,” Tiniesha recounted. GAPLF’s 2018 Novice/ Juniors National Championships saw the first-time participation of four females and the GAPLF is committed to continue paving the way for upcoming female Power lifters alongside their seasoned peers. The GAPLF invites females to join the sport and to challenge themselves to debunk the stereotypes attached to Women who lift weights.
GAPLF’s Women at an event to celebrate International Women’s day.
UCCA Ramnaresh Sarwan 40 overs First Division competition underway Former West Indies Captain and batting star Ramnaresh “Ronnie” Sarwan is sponsoring two cricket competitions in Berbice worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. Sarwan who hails from Essequibo, but played most of his cricket in Demerara, has kicked off things with sponsorship of a First
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division 40-over cricket competition for teams in the Upper Corentyne and Black Bush Polder areas that are affiliated to the UCCA. Some 24 teams have registered to participate in the tournament which began last Sunday, but the rain took a toll on the matches. (Continued on page 71)
Rovman Powell ton leads West Indies into Super Six ESPNcricinfo - West Indies, looking to finish top of their World Cup Qualifier group and carry maximum points into the Super six stage, ran into some trouble against Ireland, falling to 83 for 5 after being sent in to bat. Enter Rovman Powell. After a cautious and at times edgy beginning - he was 9 off 34 balls at one stage and enjoyed some luck - he exploded to compile a run-a-ball hundred and lift his side to 257 for 8. That proved beyond Ireland’s reach, despite a controlled half-century from Ed Joyce, who put on useful stands with the O’Brien brothers and kept them in the game for a significant period. There was a sense of Ireland building up a proper head of steam too. The stand of 64 between Joyce and Niall O’Brien came at a run rate of 4.46, as the fourth-wicket pair rebuilt after their team had slipped to 32 for 3; Joyce and Kevin O’Brien then added 70 off 69 balls. At one stage, Ireland needed 92 off 83 balls with six wickets in hand. Kemar Roach, however, dismissed both Joyce and the younger O’Brien in the same over, dealing a body blow to Ireland’s hopes. They were eventually bowled out for 205 in the 47th over of their innings. Roach, who also took the key wickets of Paul Stirling and Andy Balbirnie early on, finished with figures of 4 for 27. There were four wickets for Kesrick Williams as well,
and two for the captain Jason Holder. Powell’s was the first instance of a century coming from No. 7 or lower for West Indies in ODIs. He was ably assisted by his captain Jason Holder, who made his secondsuccessive 50-plus score of the tournament. Ireland made excellent use of bowling first in conditions that suited their fast bowlers early on. There had been overnight rain in Harare and the pitch retained a tinge of green when the West Indian openers walked out to bat. Chris Gayle was repeatedly beaten on the outside edge before it was eventually taken. Evin Lewis was surprised by extra bounce, spooning a catch to point. Marlon Samuels got a jaffa that angled into him and straightened to flick his glove through to the keeper. The man doing much of the damage was Tim Murtagh, the 36-year-old seamer whose control more than made up for his lack of pace. And, in any case, it was Boyd Rankin’s job to hustle the batsmen, his 6’7" frame coming in more than handy as he banged the ball into the pitch. The spinners Andy McBrine and George Dockrell took over in the middle overs, assisted by a pitch that revealed itself to be a slow turner once the early moisture dissipated. Holder and Powell battled hard to keep West Indies afloat; their 86-run partnership almost exclusively
comprised of singles between the 18th and 26th overs before the West Indies captain began dictating terms. Holder finished with 54 off 71 balls, the landmark achieved with a monstrous six over wide long-on. He could, however, have been dismissed for 17 if Paul Stirling had held on to a return catch generated by his part-time offbreaks. Eleven runs later, he survived a runout chance with his partner indulging in a last-minute change of mind about a single to square leg. Powell enjoyed a couple of lives as well: he was on 18 when a leading edge off the bowling of Dockrell was shelled by a George Wilson running back and to his left from mid-off. On 39, he topedged a pull that went straight up but the keeper was unable to catch up with the ball, which landed harmlessly near the middle of the pitch. Powell needed to take such risks, though, with time running out. He pulled Rankin down the ground with stinging disdain and later hit him over the top. West Indies lost a lot of firepower when Carlos Brathwaite ran himself out in the 45th over but Powell persisted until the end, doing exactly what his team needed off him. Scores: West Indies 257 for 8 (Powell 101, Holder 54, Murtagh 4-41) beat Ireland205 (Joyce 63, K O’Brien 38, Roach 4-27, Williams 4-43) by 52 runs.
Published on Mar 11, 2018