H A N Dy H
Betapa hanya kesederhanaan kata, yang mampu kami persembahkan...
Pahlawanâ€œ Edisi Spesial
CONTENT My Indonesia 2 - JUDUL BERITA!! SIN Activity 3 - Election of the new OSIS Staff 3 - Student Teach Student Artistic 5 - Poetry: Hari Guru Do you know? On The Cover
Tulip 6 - //About //History //Hybridization //Plus
Opening OSIS is pleased to release the first edition of â€œHandyâ€?. Our theme for this edition is about the main event at the 25th of November, that is the Indonesian Teacher's Day. We would like to make our first edition, special for them, to show our love and thankfulness to all the teachers. In this edition we showed some of the student poetries, for art. But before that, we also shared some of the activities that we did these past few months Lots of SIN Wassenaar students contributed on creating this first edition. Please enjoy reading it. Thank you
Election of the new OSIS Staff
The election ended with four people elected. The new OSIS Staff was officially elected right on that day, and they are: >President: Lionel Dresta T. (Middle Left) >Vice president: Avi Adriantama (Right) >Secretary: Gavril Ulhaq (Left) >Chamberlain: Annisa Zoontjes (Tengah Kanan)
Pradhana S. Imfianto 2 SMA Grader - Former Osis President
On the 22nd of September the previous Student Council (OSIS) of SIN held an election to elect our new OSIS nd Staff. Before the election on September 22 they held a campaign to introduce themselves, telling their vision and mission, etc. The candidates of each class for the new OSIS Staff are: 2 SMA 2 SMP 1 SMA - Nikita K. Putri - Avi Adriantama - Richard Van D. K. - Lionel Dresta T. - Radika F - Gavril Ulhaq - Annisa Zoontjes
Lionel Dresta T. 2 SMA Grader - Elected as the new OSIS President
Student teach Student
SIN Wassenaar, a school with students not more than 55. Yet, because of that small amount, thereâ€™s a warm closeness arising between the Senior and Junior pupils. Which can be sighted from how these seniors patiently teaches their juniors.
SIN Activity Next, Royyan A. Dzakiy, a 3rd SMP grader in SIN Wassenaar, a very skillful drawer. He draws with a style called Manga, which came from Japan. These pictures were taken when the elementary teacher, Mrs. Dessy, asked him to teach the elementary students at his free time.
Rasyida Noor, 3rd grade of SMA in SIN Wassenaar. Her mastery in playing the classical piano doesnâ€™t need to be questioned. She can easily play mozartâ€™s symphony, or many other advanced songs.
Royyan teaches the elementary students by telling them to follow his instructions in drawing a soccer player. He Instructs them step by step, each part, slowly, patiently.
With her capability, lots of the other students demands to be taught.
Terima Kasih Guru
By: Rasyida Noor - 3 SMA
Tersebutlah seorang pahlawan Merangkai hidup dengan keikhlasan Menapaki hari dengan kesabaran Dengan peranan tak ternilai Kau tarik kami dari sudut-sudut gelap Bawa kami songsong cahaya Kau bukakan cakrawala kami Agar kami dapat melihat dunia seutuhnya Kau hadirkan ilmu pengetahuan Bekal meraih masa deoan Kau tunjukkan arah kebenaran Agar kami tak tersesat Sejuta peluh dan usaha Takkan bisa membalas jasa Seribu letih dan kesabaran Takkan bisa tergantikan Untuk setiap doa Yang kau panjatkan untuk kami Untuk setiap ikhlas Tanpa merasa ingin diberi Untuk semua pengetahuan Yang takkan hilang ditelan zaman Kami ucapkan terima kasih, guru Terima kasih
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The tulip has come to be a loved symbol of the Netherlands. Many tourists visit the country just to see the bright coloured flower and the astonishing view over the bulb fields. The season begins in March with crocuses, followed by the daffodil and the yellow narcissi. In April the hyacinths and tulips blosssom to some time in mid May, depending on the weather. Later, in August it is time for the gladioli. Even when spring is over, the Netherlands is still a garden, visitors can enjoy flowers in the Netherlands all year round. From April to September fantastic flower parades are held throughout the country. The Bollenstreek Flower Parade is the biggest parade and is held at the end of April every year. The origin of the parade dates 50 years back in time when initiators of various small parades in the villages of the Bollenstreek decided to go together and organize one big parade. Floats with 1.5 million of different flowers are created by enthusiastic volunteers who are working on this for months. Popular flowers for these floats are daffodils and hyacinths, but in some parts of the country, only dahlias are beeing used. The Bloemencorso Valkenswaard is a smaller parade which also includes folk dancing and street theatre. The Kerstflora (X-mas Flora) Show is held every year in December, a five day show of house plants and flowers grown under glass. In Lisse, the Museum De Zwarte Tulp or The Balck Tulip, have a extensive collection of historical material on the flower. This includes information about the cultivation and the evolution, drawings, photographs, tools and a look into the bulb trading companies. Aalsmeer, close to Amsterdam, is the home of the world's biggest flower auction. The auctions are held early in the morning but they are still very popular. Many tourists put their wish of sleeping in aside for a visit here. And it is not just for tourists, local cultivaters
and 1.500 foreign growers send their products to the auctions. The flowers are sold to buyers all over the world, more than 75% of the flowers and plants sold at the auction are exported. Keukenhof, the world's largest flower garden (32 hectares) is located between the two towns of Hillegom and Lisse south of Haarlem. The park attracts 800.000 people during the open hours of eight weeks each year and it is one of the most photographed sights in the world. For the season of 2003, 7 million bulbs have been planted making the flower season someting very special to look forward to. In 1949 the then mayor of Lisse, Mr. W.J.H. Lambooy, together with ten leading bulb-growers came up with the idea of a permanent annual open-air flower exhibition. They found the ideal site for this in the Keukenhof Estate, a former part of the enormous estate belonging to the castle of Slot Teylingen. The Countess of Holland, Jacoba van Beieren lived here in the 15th century and she used part of her estate as a herb and vegetable garden. Here, every day, the countess personally gathered the fresh ingredients for her kitchen. This has given Keukenhof its present name, which literally means Kitchen Garden. The garden and landscape architects 'Zocher & Son' were commissioned to develop the park in 1840. They were well-known for their talents after designing the Vondelpark in Amsterdam. Some things has been added since the area became a flower garden but the original design can still be seen in the area surrounding the Beukenlaan, in the majestic trees and the pond. The first year 236.000 people visited the exhibition. Famous people who have visited the garden are the US Presidents Eisenhower and Clinton and Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. Keukenhof also had the honour of providing the décor for the first public appearance of Princess Máxima, who at the time was still the fiancée of Crown Prince WillemAlexander.
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The Tulip was originally a wild flower, growing in Central Asia. It was first cultivated by the Turks as early as 1000 AD, The flower was introduced in Western Europe and the Netherlands in the 17th century by Carolus Clusius, a famous biologist from Vienna. In the 1590's he became the director of the Hortus Botanicus, the oldest botanical garden of Europe, in Leiden. He was hired by the University of Leiden to research medicinal plants and, while doing so, he received some bulbs from his friend, Ogier de Busbecq, the Ambassador to Constantinople (presently Istanbul). He had seen the beautiful flower called the tulip, after the Turkish word for turban, growing in the palace gardens and sent a few to Clusius for his garden in Leiden. He planted them and this was the beginning of the amazing bulb fields we see today. In the beginning of the 17th century, the tulip was starting to be used as a garden decoration in addition to its medicinal use. It soon gained major popularity as a trading product, especially in Holland. The interest in the flower was huge and bulbs sold for unbelievably high prices. Botanists began to hybridize the flower. They soon found ways of making the tulip even more decorative and tempting. Hybrids and mutations of the flower were seen as rarities and a sign of high status. In the months of late 1636 to early 1637, there was a complete 'Tulipmania' in the Netherlands. Some varieties could cost more than an Amsterdam house at that time. Even ordinary men took part in the business. They saw how much money the upper class made in the commodity and thought it was an easy way of getting lots of money with no risk. The bulbs were usually sold by weight while they were still in the ground. This trade in un-sprouted flowers came to be called 'wind trade'. The traders made huge amounts of money every month. People started selling their businesses, family homes, farm animals, furnishing and dowries to participate. The government could not do anything to stop 'Tulipmania' the trade was all about access and demand. Finally, the tulip did not appear to quite so rare as to justify such high prices. Over-supply led to lower prices and dealers went bankrupt while many people lost their savings because of the trade.
This 'Tulip Crash' made the government introduce special trading restrictions on the flower. It is said that the tulip became so popular because of its bright colours, dramatic flames and frilly petals. To have tulips in one'ďż˝ home was a way to impress and, when the wealth spread down the social ladder, so did the urge for tulips. In the 20th century it was discovered that the frilly petals and dramatic flames that gave the flower its stunning look were, in fact, the symptoms of an infection by the mosaic virus. The healthy flower was supposed to be solid, smooth and monotone. The virus came to the tulip from a louse living on peaches and potatoes. Diseased varieties of tulips are no longer sold. What you find today are hybrids that look similar but are genetically stable.
Hybridization Over the years, the tulip has been crossbred much time and it now comes in countless colours and variations. Hybridization is not easily accomplished. To be able to get exactly what you want, you have to know how the different properties of colour, flowering period and resistance to disease, among other factors, will effect the result. The aim is to produce new varieties which grow better than present varieties; are better suited for cut flower growing or garden purpose; are more unique in shape, color and stem length; and are more resistant to disease. Terms used in hybridization are cultivars, botanicals or species, and sports. Cultivars are the types of flowers that have already been created by hybriders, Species are the flower varieties as they are found in nature. Sports are natural mutations that happen by chance. All the well-loved double-flowering tulip varieties of today are sports. The hybrider must be very careful when cultivating the flowers so that there will be no accidental pollination so the mated flowers are protected by bits of foil in the green house. After the flowers have
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bloomed, they are allowed to die and go to seed. This is not the case with tulips grown in bulb fields. Blossoms are cut off in their prime to concentrate the energy on developing a stronger bulb. The seeds are harvested, cataloged And then planted under organized forms. The plants that grow up the first spring will not look like tulips growing in gardens. Instead of a full-blown flower they will be just tiny plants. This is because flowers grown from the mature bulbs have been surrounded with nourishment and moisture in order to perpetuate themselves. This is an evolutionary trick that dates from the time when tulips were only growing in the arid steppes of the eastern Mediterranean region. The small plants come from seeds, not bulbs, and are, therefore, different. They need much attention and care, such as replanting, during the following years until the first blossoms appear. It can take more than five years before the hybrider finally finds out if the flower has the intended shape or target colour;: a lot of patience is needed. If the shape or colour is wrong, the hybrider starts over. When the hybrider is lucky the final product can be on the market in a few years.
Plus: Where & when does Tulip Grow? Feel like visiting the tulip fields? The best time to go is in spring starting in late March until early May. The fields are located in Lisse between Leiden and Amsterdam. By car from Amsterdam to Lisse is about 37 kilometers. From Leiden to Lisse is about 17 kilometers by car. If you want to rent a car you can do so click here for more information. Accommodation There are also hotels located in Lisse. If you want to book a hotel in Lisse online you will find them here. Public transport You can go by bus from Amsterdam or Leiden to Lisse. For information on dutch public transport we suggest 9292ov.nl (available in english). For Railway information such as timetables surf to ns.nl (available in english).
At the moment, the most popular area of research is in the area of the scents of bulb flowers. The tulip is currently better known for its bright colours than for its scent. There are, however, several Double Early Tulips that have a nice scent, almost like honey. Of course, you have to be careful when experimenting with the genes so that the original genes do not get lost in the process. To help preserve the gene pool for future hybriders, the Dutch flower bulb industry subsidizes the Hortus Bulborum in Limmen. This is a living museum of bulb flowers with flower fields that include varieties that, for one reason or another, are no longer commercially cultivated. Some are cultivars from 1595, Carolus Clusius's original hybrids. Other varieties are from as recently as 1963.