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ThfEGUAM RICORMNffi Published monthly at Agana, Guam. in this lsland. and0evelopment tor Frogress, Education

E n t e r e d a s se co n d - cla ssn a tte r M a y 3 r , tg z4 at the P ost Offi ce at Guam, Gtam.

Volume Nrinber

U nder the act of March 3, rB 79

$ r 5o P er Y ear

Novnnrnon,1926.

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C ents P er C opy

GUIDETO CONTENTS Appeal Against Annexaticn

209

Tested Recipes andDomestic l'iints 222 Science B y Mrs. II. A . N agl e

N o A n n e x a tio n

Prizes Awarded

2t0

TheLostCivilizations of thePae ific0cean 212 l l y W. G. Jo h n sto n

I'liemoirs of DanFeliiedela Corie

214

E l e v e n y e a r s a s Go ve r n o r o f Gu a r r

Notes Agricultural

Welcome of Netherland Submarine

Report Chapter Financial Guam American RedCross zz4 Elks'Raise FlagOverAnigua Schnol

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0rdersandl,ictices

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VitalStatistics

236

217

B y G u a m A g r icu ltu r a l Exp e r im e n t Sta tio n

in Guam Doings Social

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Notes of Education Department

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APPEALAGAINSTANNEXATION : T he G ua rn C o n g re s sa d o p t th e fc l l o w i ng resol uti on appeal i ng to the P resi dent ancl the Co n g re s so f th e U n i te d Sta te s, that no acti on be entertai ned to transfer the i s l a n d o f Gu a m to the P hi l i ppi ne Government. G Ur \

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Chair m an, Gu a n r C o n g re s s T he Honora b l e , T h e Pre s i d e n to f th e U ni ted S t at es T h ro n g h H i s Ii x c e l l e n c y , The Governor of Guam and Tire Honorable Secretary of the Navy

Su b j ec t : Resolu tion of G uam Congr es s 1 . A t a m eet ing o f th e GU A\{ C ON G R ES S hel d a t th e Congr es s ion a l H a l l , A g a n a , Gu a n r, Octcber 1 2 , 1 926, t he f ollo rv i n g p re a u rb l e a n d re s o l u ti ons we re unanim ous ly a d o p te d , v i z ; WHE RE A S , t he p e o p l eo f G u a n r h a v e b e e n p eacefu l a n c l law- abiding c i ti z e n s s i n c e th e A m e ri c a n occu p a t ion in 1899, a n d h a v e n o t g i v e n th e s l i ghtest si g n of r ebellion, i n s u rre c ti o n , o r tro u b l e to the Un i ted S t at es G ov e rn m e n t: a n d WHE RE A S , f or n v e n ty -s e v e n y e a rs th e C h a rrorro s a s people of G u a n r, a l o n e , l ra v e c o n ti n u e d to be p e a cef ul and lar v - a b i d i n g a n d h a v e g i v e n , at al l ti me s , t heir f idelity , l o y a l ty , a n d a ffe c ti o n to the Un i ted S t at es of A m e ri c a ; a n d WH E RE A S , t he y h a v e fo rme d th e s tro n g e st ti es o f l o v e t o t he A m e ri c a n fl a g a n d h a v e d e rre l o peda r 1 o h a ve ncr l vh o l e - hear t ed anc l d e e p -s e a te dc l e s i e o th e r f lag t han O LD G L OR V w a \:e o \:e ri h e i r h earl s; and V'/H E RE A S , t he p e o p l e o f Gu a m a re p e rf ectl y sa ti sf ied r v it h t he p re s e n t fo rm o f Go v e rrrru e ntand d e si r e it s c ont inuan c e ; a n rl WHB RE A S , a re c e n t re s o l n ti o n n ' a s i n tro dnced i n th e P hilippine Le g i s l a ti rre re q u e s ti n g th a t Guam, v,'i thout t he k non' le d g e a n d c o n s e n t o f th e p e o pl e of th a t I s iand, be c ede do r tra n s fe rre tl to th e Ph i l i p pi ne Go ver nnt ent ; and

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WHE RE A S , t he C h a n ro rro l n a v h a v e i rr a g e s past b e e n of t he s am e ra c e a s th e F i l i p i tto , th e y have b e e n s o long apart th a t th e y a re n o w -* o n ' i cl el y se p a r at edin t hough t, i a n g u a g e , a n c ' ic u s to u s , etc., that there is little in common betu'een tbe tr..r'orreop l e s, b e it , t her ef ore ; RES O I , V E D, t ha t w e , th e me mb e rso f th e G uanr Co n gr es s ,as c hos en re p re s e n ta ti v e so f th e C h a m orro p e o p le, do m os t earn e s tl y re q u e s t th e P re s i d e n t and

C ongressof the tl ri i tecl S tates and urge upon t henr that no acti ou tendi ng to transfer the Isl ari d of G uaut frorn the government and proi ecti oo of the Uf lit ed S tates be entertai ned or consi dered,and be i t {ur t her RESOI,VED, that lve do rnost earnestly petition the C ongressof the U ni ted S tatesof A meri ca t o t ake such acti on as may be necessaryto bestow the blessi ngs of ful l ci ti zenshi p upon the peopl e o{ Gua m .

F. Terrewo Secretary

Josn C. 'fonnEs Cltairman

NO ANNEXATION anythought refuse to entertain of TheChamorros Annexation to thePhilippine Government The resol uti on w hi ch w as prepared by E d uar do Mercai do and reported presentedto the P hi lippine I{ouse of R epresentati ves,conti nues to create m uch concern atuorg the peopl e of Guam. Tl :e G uam C ongress have met i n speci alsessi onsto ri i sc t r sst he matter, and the above resol uti on l ras been for r 'var ded to the P resi dent, and tl i e C ongress of tti e Unit ed S tates. A t the 118th. S essi onof the Guarn C ongress,O ct ober 2,1926, the subj ect of the suggestedanne xat icn of the i sl and rn' asthe ni ai n top-i cof di scussi cn . The C ongressnen from vari ous di stri cts i ndi grantly expressedthei r vi en,s of the matter as fol l o' rtt s: Mr. A ntorri o B . C a1vo,nf A gana:-" The people of ()uam have deepl y i mbeddecli n thei r hearts, l ole f or the U ni ted S tates of A mer-i ca. A rneri ca i s t heir l r,IotherC ountr} ,' ;thei r best and most bel oved guar di an, ti ri s i s ttre trtte spi l i t of e' ,' er]' nati r-eC han; cr r o, Tl i e ti me has com e f or ancl I an i ndeeclgl ad of i t. us, the l eadi ng ci ti zens of thi s i sl ancl , to a sk cur rnother ccuntry to favor us, the nati res of G uat n, w i th such l i ghts ancl recogni ti on as rre have so f ar meri ted under her governtrent." I\{ r. Jose \,{ . Torres, of A gana: " ' l he C ha nr or r o i s not l i ke tl i e Fi l i pi no, regardl essof X Ir. Ii ercaiclo's statei nent that they are cf the same race, they ar e nei ther the sarnei n crtstoms,eppearancesnor ir l an- vother u' ay. S ci enti sts l i ' ho have ntaC ea stu< i yof t ile races, state that the C hamo.rroi s not i i ke the Filipino, the C hamorro bei ng general i y ta11eranclcf bet ier pi rysi que than the l ' aga1og, and al so of a light er


210

T}{E GUAM RECORDER

color. The Cha m or r o c annot boas t of a bet t e r a c a d eLn ic train ing , or as gr eat an ec onor nic ac lr r anc e m e n t , brrt this is clue to t he c ondit ions oi his c ount i l ', y e t it can be said tha t he is m or e doc ile, obedien t , a n c l holds bis g overn tnent in higher r es l. ) ec r . lf o u r i s i: rnd is a nu exed to t he Philippines , t he Filipir r o s r r i l l lt -: c ou re ou r ru lers and t he s it uat ior - i of t he Cham o r r o s lvil1 in de ed be a pit if ul one. The good gov er n m e n t , exrirple s zrn d te ac hings of t lr e Am er ic ans n' h i c h w e harve tried to fo lloq' s inc e t heir oc c t r pat ir n of t l r e i s land, will be de sir ov e d if r v e per r n' , t G uam t o b e c o r n e a p xit o f tire l,h ilippines . Ther eior e, nr 1' f e l l o n C on gre s;me n, it is our dut - "- t o s uppiic at e ou r G o ', r erno r to be se ech for us , f r or n t he Pr es ident , a n d t h e C on gre ss of tire Llnit ed St at es . and r he Hon o r a b l e S ecreta rv of th e Nar ' 1' , uuc ler r v hc s e im m et liat e c o n trol Gua nr is pla .c ed, t o aut hc r iz e no ac t ion r vh e r e b 5 ' Guam rua y b ecom e a par L of t he G ov er nr r ent o f t i r e P hilipp ine Isla nri s . But on t he c ont r ar l' , it i s o u r mos t sin ce re pra ye r t hat , r v e be r ec ogniz - ed by C o n gressio na l Le gislat ion as Am er ic an c it iz ens . The C hzrmorro s h ave been al* ' a1- s inher ent ly lov a1 t o t b e Ilnite d Sta tes fla g, anc l c lem ons t r at ec l t heir 1 o 1 'a l t 1 , w hen the first ne ws u' as r ec eir , . edt hat Anr er ic a w a s to eo ter the \,,L rs . 16gr nt . \ Ve pledgec l our iiy e s a n d prop erty rvh ile o ur M ot her Count r l' , t he I l n i t e t l S t ate s of Arn erica, r . v asin per il. W e s t r all a l i v a r . s be Ame rica ns, b y t he Ar ner ic ar r s , and f or t he A m e r ican s. ' '

NOVEI\{BER 1926

prizes in theorder thefirstandsecond werear,rrarded which

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BECIDED TOTI.IE OFGUAM THEISLA[.{D SHALL P HiliF P iNE G O V E RNME NT ?

A r e s o l u t i o n w a s r e c e n t l y i n t r o d u c e d i n t h e Ph i l i p p i r r e I , e g i s l a t u r e t o t l i e c f i e c t t h a t t h e P r e s i d e n t a r :d t h e C o i r g r e s s o f t h e U n i r e t i S t a t e s o { A r n e r i ca b e r e q u e s t e d t o c e c l et h e f s i a n d o f G u a n r t o r h e P hi l i p p i n e Governnrett. 'l h e r e a s o i r s g i v e r i i n t h i s r e s o l u t i o n r r e r e th a t th â&#x201A;Ź : C h a m o r r o p e o p l e u 'e r e o f t h e s a n t e r a c e a n d ha d si m th a t ilar habits aud custonis, and, furthernore, G u a r n w a s l i r k t d , i t a h i s t o r i c a l u a y , n 'i t h th e h i st o r y o l t h e P l r i i i p p i n e I s l a n d s , a s a n u m b e r o f Fi i i p i n o p a t i i o t s h a c i b e e n b a n i s h e d t o G u a m d u r i n g th e s i i o r t l y a f t e r t h e S p a n i sh insurrectiou Filipino A r n e r i c a n Wa r . 'l h i s r e s o l u t i o u w a s u i a d e l l i t h o u t t h e k n ow l e d g e o r c o n s e n t o f t h e i n h a b i t r n t s c f G u a m u 'h o h ad n e ve r b e e n c o n s u l t e c l a s t o t h e i r l r 'i s h e s i n t h e m a t t e r ' A s p e c i a l r n e e t i n g o f t h e G u a m C o n g r e s s r tl a s ca i i e c l a s s o o n a s i n f o r m a t i o n w a s r e c e i v e t l r e g a r tl i n g th e r e s o l u t i o n a n d t h e n r e m b e r s r r e r e u r a n i m o u s i n th e i r e x p r e s s i o n s o f i n d i g n a t i o n a n d i n d i s a v o r ,r 'i n g ' a fl \' L e g i s l a t u r e n r i gh t ta ke action that the Phiiippine M r. Cep ed a,o f Bar r igada, - "Lc t an elr r r , es t p l e a b e l e a d i n g t o w a r r l s t h e c e s s i o n o f G u a t l t o t h a t g o vâ&#x201A;Ź r n presen ted to th e Honor able G ov er nc r of G ua m a s k I t u 'a s a l s o m a d e a m a t t e r o f r e c o r d "'I'h z.t ment. ing tha t ou r o bje c t ions t o anilex at ion be m ade k n c l r . n *'h i l e t h e C h a r n o r r o s a n d t h e F i l i p i n o s b o t h b e i cn g to th e Preside rrt, and t he Congr es s of t he U n i t e d t o t h e b r o r v n r a c e , t h e i r c t . t s t o n r s .i n t e r e s t s a n d h a b i ts S t ate s of Ame rica . T h e c o n c e l i - q t 1 so f o p i n i c n n 'a s tta t. are far apart." A Cham or r o c annot be f o r r n d c l the islan d who is not loy al t o t he Anr er ic an F l a g , i f t h e t o t a l d i s r - e g a r d f o r t h e r 'r 'i s h e sa n c l f e el i l g s cf and if the Americans c c nt em plat e any ac t ion t c u , a l c l t h e C h a m o r r o p e o p l e , a s s h o n i t t b y t h e r e s o l u ti o n i n ann exing Gu am t o t he Philippines , I , v e want a l s o t o t r o d u c e d i n t h e P h i l i p p i n e L e g i s l a t u r e , w a s a sa m p l <: o f t h e c o n s i d e r a t i o n G u a r u w o u l d r e c e i v e sh o u l cl i t be tal<en a way, an d t hen t he is land alone c an b e c o m e I s l a n d s , i n i t- se l f, ever be ceded to the Philippine the victim" " l y a s a s t r o n g a r g u m e t t t a g a i n s t a n 1 ' t r a nsf e r o f Mr. Le on ard o Tenor io, of Talof of o' - "1r r g hays sovereigrt]'. been living peacefull-r' under the Arncrican adn-rirrisA q t r e s t i o n , s u c h a s t h e o n e t l n d e r c o n s i de r a ti cti , tration for o rrer a qnar t er of a c ent ur S' , and \ r e a r e r n u s t b e e x a r n i n e d a s t o b o t h t l r e a d v a n t a g e s a r d d i s\' ve 11co nte nte d, a nd s hould be v er ] ' t hank f ul for all a c l v a n t a . q e s t h a t l v o u l d r e s u l t . s h c u l d t h e p r o p o se C that America ha s doir e f or us . " a c t i o n b e c o r n e e f f e c t i r : e . T h e a c h 'a n t a g es t l at r '.cu i <'l \{r. Vice nte I. F r anquez , of Agana: - "Had l >e i n G u a m 's f i l t 'o r a r e f e r n 'i n d e e d , i f a n 1 , 'a t a l l . It it been the sin ce re ob jec t of t he Honor able Eduar do I I e r r l a y b e c l a i r n e t l t b a t t h e C h a m o r r c s u - o u l d nr i i 6 6 g q t caido of the Ph ilippine Hous e of Repr es ent at i v e s t o b e a " p e o u l e l 'r . i t h o u t a c o u n t r l " ' - n e i t h e r a l i e r s r - .cr end ea l'or to a ssim ilat e t he Chanr or r c s n- it h t h e F i l i c i t i z e n s o f t b e t i n i t e d S t a t e s - a n d t h a t t h e v u 'o tl cl H o l . e t 'e t , t h i s i s a q u e spinos, r,vith a ch ar it able des ir e t o uplif t and b e t t e r b e r e c o g n i z t : c 1a s ! 'i l i p i n o s . t i o n a b l e a c l v a t - r t a g e ,a r t c ! i t i s a s a f e a s s e r t i o n to sta te the co nd ition s of t he Cham or r o people, be w o t r l d t h a t a r . e r l 'i a r g e m a j o r i t y o f t h e t r a t i l e s o f G u a n : l e d have a t 1 ea st, co nsult ed us and not t ak en it f or g r a n t r a t h e r r e t a i r r t h e i r p r e 3 e l t t s t a t t r : i t h a n t o b e ccn :e ed tha t his e fiorts \ 4' ou1dhav e been aDpr ec iat e d . " citizens of the Plrilippine Governrnent. Wh a t i s t h e G o v e r n : r r e t r t o f t h e P h i l i p p i n e fsl a n d s t o n 'h i c h i r i s p r o p o s e c l t o c e d e G u a n r ? I t i s a g r o u l r o f m a n y i s l a n d s r v l t i c b a r e i n h r r l - , i t e d h 1 ' m a n- v cl i ffe r Theprizes forthebestessays e n t k i n d s o f p e o p . l e , r 'r 'h o a r e d i v i r l : d ^ i n t o tr ve n tvoffered bythe"REC0RDER" to the 0rarticle be Ceded on; "Shallthelslandof Guam T i i g }r t o f t h e s e t r i b e s r r r e ci vi l f o r r r c l i f {e r e r r t t r i b e s . Philippine Government?" willbe awarded on Thanksgivingi z e d a n c l t h e o t h e r s i x t e e n a r e k n o r v n a s t h e p a g a n o r Dayandnot0nWashington's Birihday in ourlast ''n 'i l 1 1 " t r i b e s - I g o r o t s , N e g r i t o s , N l o r o s , e tc. - m 'h o assiated rssue. a r e a t l e a s t s u s p i r 'i o l . l s a n d c j i s t r u E t f t : 1 , i f n o t a ctu a l l t' T r o u b l e i s o f fr e q u e n t hostile, to the ruling class. Threeessays in replyto ouroffer,twoof tuerereceived

AWARDED PRIZES


NOVEMBER 1926

zLt

THE GUAM RECORDER

occurrence betn'een the }I<-rrosancl the Philippine Co n stabular y . T hi s ru l i n g c l a s s i s c c m p o s e d of a sma l l m inor it l' of ed u c a te dF i l i p i n c s , mo s tl y .l 4esti zo p o l i ti cians in M anil a a n d i n th e l a rg e r to w n s , w ho h a ve not hing ir r c o m m o n u ' i th th e n o n -c h risti an tri b e s nor n' it h t he ta a sq r w o rk i n g c l a s s . An aut ononr onsf o rm o f .g o v e rn m e n t $ ' a s g l a nted th e Philippine I s lan d s b y th e J o n e s Ac t i n 1 9 1 6 ,and, d u ri n g t he adm inis t ra ti o n o l Go v e rn o r-G e n e ra lH arri so n , t he pelit it os ,u n d e r th e l e a d e rs h i p o f I{ anuel Qu e zo n and S elgio O s m e n a , h a d fn l l s w a y . They ;re a rly wr ec k ed t he , g o v e rn n re n t a n d th e p e s o (the u n i t of c ur r enc y ) d e p re c i a te d fro u r fi fty c e nts to th i rty- eight c er t s . U n d er t he m os t f a v o ra L rl ec o l d i ti o n s th e P h i i i ppi ne Go ve rnm ent has pr o v e n i ts e l { to b e n n s ta b l e a n d i t i s ce rta inly not t he gov e rh m e n t fo r th e p e o p l e o f Guari r to p ref er t o t hat of th e U n i te d Sta te s . It ma y gi ve Gu a m r epr es ent at io ni n th e P h i l i p p i n e l e g i s l ature a n d ther ef or e " a v o i c e i n g o r.' e rn m e n t" , b u t i t does n o t re quir e a s eer t o s e eh o w m u c h " re p re -s e n ta ti on" Gu a m will ac t ually re c e i v e . T h e Go v e rn m e n t of the Ph i l i p pines is f or t h o s e w i th i n th e i n n e r ri n g o f the mysti c c ir c le. Bu t t he m os t i mp o rta n t c o n s i c l e ra ti o n i s the e co n om ic and f ina n c i a l c h a n g e s tb a t l v o u l d afl ect S inc e t he A m e ri c a n o c c u p a ti o n , th e Isl and Gu a m o f Gu a m has been b l e s s e drv i th a p a te rn a l a n d b enefi ce n t gov er nm ent . T h o u s a n d s o { d o l l a rs h a v e been sp e n t on public ir np ro v e rn e n tsa n d u ti l i ti e s s u ch as wa te r s y s t em s , s ew e rs , ro a d s , h o s p i ta l s a n d p u bl i c wcrks of a s im ilar c h a ra c te r w h i c h a re o f b u t l i ttl e, i f a n y . m ilit ar 5' v alu e . F e d e ra l Go v e rrttr:e n e t qui pme i rt s nc h as launc h e s ,i i g h te rs , ro a d ro l l e rs , e t c e tera a re u s ed by t he I s l a n tl Go v e rn m e n t w i th o u t cost. L rrmber , c em ent an d o th e r m a te ri a l s a re p u rc h asc-cl fro m t he F eder al G o r,' e rn me n ta t c o s ts i n States, fre i g ht and ot her c h a rg e s n o t b e i n g i n c l u d e d i n the p ri ce to t he I s land Go v e rn m e n t. A F e d e ra l a pprop ri a ti o n of $12, 000.0 0p e r y e a r i s .g ra rrte d fo r e ducati o n a l pur pos es . N o n e o f th e ta x p a v e rs ' mo n ey i s u se d t o pay t l. r e s al a ri e s o f th e Go t' e rn o r a n d other a d mi nis t r at iv e of f ic e rs . Al l t hes e, and m a n y o th e r a d r.a n ta g e s ,w o u ld be l o st i f G uam s hould e v e r b e c e d e d to th e P h i l i p pi ne Isl a n ds . ' f hat gov e rrrme n t w o n l d n o t s u p p l y them. It co uld not do s o. N o fi n a n c i a l a s s i s ta l c e c o rr l d be e xp e c t ec lf r or r i t hat s o rl rc e ,fo r th e p re s e fl t to ta l rer-e n u e of t he P hilippin e Is l a n d s i s b u t 9 3 5 ,0 0 0 ,0 00for - a p o p u iat ion of 12,0 0 0 ,0 0 0p e o p l e , rv h i c h i s a bout $ 3 .0 0 per c apit a. T h i s i s l e s s th a n th e re v e n u e of Sa n F' r anc is c o,Calif o rn i a . S h o u l c l Gu a n r b e s o unfo rtu n at e as t o be ce d e d to th e Ph i l i p p i n e Go vernme n t, one of t r v o t bi n g s m u s t h a p p e n : e i th e r (l u arn rvo u l d r et r ogr ade t o th e c o n d i ti o n s th a t p re v ai l ed u n rl e r t he S pa. nis hR u l e , w h i c h u ' o u l d me a n ro a cl sof p o o r qualit y anr l ge n e ra l d e l rre c i a ti o no [ a l l p re sent p u b l i c im pr o- r em ents ,o r e l s e th e re u ' o u l d b a re to be a n i n cr eas e in t ax es to o { Is e t l o s s i n c i d e n t to the tra n sfer of s ov er eign t!' . Il n d e r t he A m er ic a n Go v e rn m e n t c o n d i ti o n s l rave b e e rri m pr ov ed f u! 11'IO O% . T h e s ta n d a rd o f l i vi ng ( C*tinuecl ott'fase 2.71)

THEGUAMRECORDER Published Monthly at Agana, Guam. For P rogress, E tl ucati otr arrd D evel opurent i n thi s Isl arrd. W. \Y. Rowley

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Assocrern Eortons E [.G. H ornbostel S . R .V andenbers W. (J. J6l n51o. I'. N el s on NIrs. J. C. I-Ieck W.W. R ow l ey - B usi ness Manager S ubscri pti onterms and D i recti ons To U rri ted S tatcs ai rrl possessi ons. One Y ear, rz i ssues $1.50, P er C opy 15 cents. To Canada, One Year, - - - - $2.00 To Foreigrr Countries, One Year, - - $2.00 CHANGES0F ADDRESS. Srrbscribers must give old as well as nel acldress. If you do not getlour paper regularly or promptll' notify us. We supply missing nurnbers iI requested in tine. RENEWALS. When renewing a1r.r'ays state that your subscription is a renern'al, and if your address has been changed, give former address. We receipt your subscription by starting the paper. ERRORS. \Ve make thern sometimes. If you have cause for complaint please rvrite ns. We v-ill do our part. Give us credit for intention to deal iairly. Adofess, TH E GU A M R E C OR D E R A,GA N A ,GU A M.

S tatementof the Ow nershi p,Management,C i rcul ati on,E tc ., Required by the Act Congressof August 24, 1912. Of the Guam R ecorcl er, publ i shed monthl y at A gana, Guam, for C)ctober 1, 1926. Isl ancl of Guam l I ss, LrrY or l \ganfl ) llefot€ rue, a Not.rry Public i| aud for the Islard of Grram aforesaid, \v. \1'. Rolvlet., rvho, h:rving been duly slrorl t)ersonall.-/ accord_ irppeared iilg to laq', deposes.lDd snl.s titat hc is the brrsi[ess ntant*er of the Guam Recorder a:rd th.!t the followiug is, to the best of his klorvledge ancl beiief, (atrd if a daily paper, lhe t trne staternent of the otvilership, ilalagenen,! (:ifculatio!,) publicatior, etc., of the aforesaid fbr tile date sfrowri in ttre itbove captiorr, required bJ- the act of August 24, 1912, embodied in section 443. Post8l I,iirrs-a[d Regul.!tiojrs, on the icverse of this form, to l)rinied {'it: 1, That the nirrnes altl rCdrcsses of the publishrr, eclitor, arrd brrsirress lranagers al€: (;r1arm Presc, Agairur, Gullrtr. I,ublisher,

edilor,

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Brrsiuess \{a::ager, W. W. Roe'le-\'. Agatla, Guarn. 2. 'lhat the orvner is or, if a corpiration, gi.,,e iis lame:rnd the nlmcs :rnd addresscs of stockholders os-niug or irolding 1 per cert of more ol tlii totnl arnoulrt of stock.--trI/. \v. Ros'1ey, Aglla Guam. -af;d 3. 'fhat the kuos'n borldholdefs, nortagages, othei secuiity hol(lers orvrring or hdditg 1 pcr ceirt or more of total arnount bonds, moii g:rges, or other securities.lre:--^-one, 4., J'l\rl the tr/o pitr.rgrnphs n_e-xt abovc, givitg the r,ames of tJre ov-ni-rs, sloclihulders, aild secrrrity hol<lers. if an]', coirtaiil rot only the listoi stockholt'lets and secrrr-itt- ht'lriers as they .tDlleaf upoi tite b:oks of tle c-omj)aty but alsq il cases lvhere the stockholder or seiurity holder rppeii-i llpoo the l)o-cks of the contpant- .Li trtr Stee or in a.try oth er j udiciary re'Lition, tjrelame of the l)ersotr .rr colTJorttir{t lor rvh, ur suih tlusteeis.ictinq. is paragraphs cottaifl :{isen; also th.rt the said tro statenleotsetljtracils tffiant's full Lriolvledge and belicf as to the circumstances and co,idition-i ruder which stockholclers alil security holders lrho do lot apt)ear upon ;he books ol the comparry :rs trustees, hold stock and securities ir a crpacity other th^! tlrnt of n lrota fitlc oqttet; irnd tltis affilLni- hastoreasouto persou, associ.rtio!1, or corpofrton lrelievc thilt arf'other has any itrterest (lir€ct or inclirect iu tllc saiil stock, boncl, or otirer stcurities ilrau :rs scr stated l)1. hi1u. 5,_ I'hat.theiLveragr nrrnrber of sold or distributed. tbrough the procee<ling druing the six montis iufornation is required frcn daily

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(Signature of Rusiless trIanager,) S\\.orrr to aDd subscri'oerl trefore me this 20th. day of September, 1926 A. T . Per ez , - \otar y } rb l i c . Forn 3.526-nD.1916, (My counissiolr expires at the Dleasure of the Gv v enr or oI G u , rru . . l


2L2

THE GUAM RECORDER

r\iOVEi\rBIlR'1926

THE LOST CIVILIZA'fIONS OF THE PACIF'ICOCEAN Il,ecerrt issues of tlte Rrcarrltr contained illustrated art icle s o tr th e pr eir is t or ic m onunlent s f ounr l o n t h e Island o f Gu arn ir nd on t he I s land of Tinian. The isian ds of the Prc if ic f nr nis h nr lm er ous ot ir er e x a n l ple s o f va nislierl c ir - iliz at ions and t he qt . r es t i o n s t h a t arise a re "Vy'h o i . v er e t hes e builc ler s ? \ [ / henc e c a m e tlt e-v, a rrd rvin t ilec . r nr eo{ t lt c nr ?" ' lhes e r ir on u t n e n l s and ru ins o f r-ari ous k inc ls ar e t he s our c es of s o m e o l the mo st be tlling m y s t er ies of ihe ar c haeo l o g i c a l u' orltl oI to cia r'Some of the mo s t r em ar k able r em ains of an e x t i n c t civilizatio n a re to be f ounc i on t he is iands o { Y a p , P on ap e an d Le le in t he Car olir le gr oup, on M a l d e n Island , so uth of t he. equat or , and on t he f a r f l u n g -lia ste r Islan d, tw o t hous anc l r niles f r om t he S o t r t h A nr e rica n coa st.. O ur near es t neighbor s , t he C a r o l iire s, ha ve b :en t er m ed "au enc hant ed, r eg i o n o f arc ha eo log l'." ln Yap ar e f ounc l num er ous r e i i c s o f the distan t pa st - em bank nr eir t s and t er r ac es, r o a d s peved with reg ul ar s t one bioc k s , anc ient s t on e p l a t form s an d en ormo us c ouir c il lodges of quaint d e s i g n rvith h igh ga bie s and lof t y - c ar v ed piiiar s . The r u i n s oi ancien t sto ne fis h ly eir s ar e f ound in t he l a g o o n s X{ r . Chr is ti a n , a n betwe en the ree fs and t he s hor e. B ng lish scien tist, in his book "The Car ol i n e I s lair cls", d escrib es t he r uins of Ponape in t he f o l l o u 'irrg man ne r-: "Scatte red thr oughout t he gr oup, not ab l l 'a t Pon ap e an d Le le, ar e m as s iv e r uins - one o f a ' stra ng e wate r town, an anc ient is land "Ver r i c e " - r'ho se o rigin is as m y s t er ious as t hat o f t h e gre at sto ne fig ur es on Eas t er I s lar Ed. Hund r e d s of acres in so nr e loc alit ies ar e c ot ' er ed r v it h r e mains of r,valls, canals aud earthlvorks of tlie most stu pe nd ou s c ha; ac t er , built upon a g e n era i p lan as could onl, v hav e been c onc eiv e c l b y men o f po wer and int elligenc e - m en ac qua i n t e c i r.vith me ch an ica l applianc es f or r ais ing enor n t o t l s q'e igh ts an d trans por t ing huge bloc k s of s t o t r e Thes e wor k s , w h i c h co nside rab le clis t anc es ' strike even civilized men of todal' with aston-, ishment, coulcl on11' have been efiected b1,-the lab or o f tho usands of m en r v or k ing in c on c e r t an d u nd er co m m and, and t hey pr or : e f r on r t h e aspe ct an d evident int ent ion o{ s om e of t h e n r , tha t th eir bu ilder s nt t t s t har . e had, at t he t i m e of the ir e rection, s om e f or m of s et t led go y e r n By s-hour ment and sonre s5rstem of reiigion. an d for rvh at pur pos e t hey r v er e built ar e q u e s tion s to n"hich no ans r v er has 1' et been f oun d . " Across the equator is i\'Iaiden Islaud, a small island Ther e a r e a trve lve miles lon g by s ix m iles g, ide' larg e n umb er of unc har t er ec l s hoals of f it s s ho r e t t n c l clepo sits of g ua no ( c lr opi' ings of s eabir ds ) ar e f o u n d , in some places, trvo feet beiorv the water level . 'fhe only people rrho lirte on it are emplol'ees of ari Australia n comp an y enr ploy ed t o gat her and pr ep a r e f o r shipme nt the larg eguano depos it s . Ther e is n o f r e s h rvater on the island and q'ater usecl by the companr"s em p loyee s is ob tained by t he us e of c ondens e r s . T o clay, u nd er the m os t f av or able c c ndit jc ns , i t c o t l c l

s u p p o r 't o n i l ' a s r n a l l p o p t r l a t i o n , 1 , e t , o n th i s sm a l l i s l a n d z i r e f o u u d t h e r u i n s o f m a s s i v e t e r u p l ts o f u n k r r o r v n a n t i q t r i t l '. T h i s i s i a n d n 'a s c i i s c o v e r e d i n 1 8 2 5 b 1 ' t h e tsr i ti .h a n c l r 's n a m e d a i t e r o n e o f i ts rvirrsirip, "Illonde", o f f i c e r s , L i e t r t e u a n t M a l d e n , n 'h o f i r s t e x p i o r e d th e T h e d e p t h o f t h e [ l r l a n o <i e p o s i t s i r i ci i ca te ci island. t h a t n r a n h a d n o t i n t e r f e r e c l u 'i t h t l i e a c c u r lu l :i ti o n s o f g u a n o d e p o s i t s f o r c e u r u r i e s , b t r t t h e r e a r e cl e a r indications that rnan had freqtiented the island at one tirre. Olle of the officers of the ship kept a diar5r v h i c h i s s t i l l i n e x i s t e n c e i n r n a n u s c r i p t f o r n t. I'h i s cliary states: " I n o n e s p o i a l o n g t h e c o a s t I o b s e r v e cl n 'h a t u 'a s e v i d e r r t l y t i r e l r 'o r k o f h u m a n h a n d s , th o u g h It lvas a parallelapparently of ancient date. o g r a n r o f c . o r a l s t o l r e s u 'i t h s t o n e s s e l e n f e et h i g l r . L i e u t e n a r t l \ f a l d e n , r v h c l i r a d u , a l k e d t o a n o tb e r l r a r t o f t h e i s l a n d , i n f o r n r e r l u s t h a t . h e h ad m e t r v i t h a b o u t l o r t y s u c h b u i i d i n g s i n a n ; o r e 1 ;e r . f e c t s t a t e o f p r e s e r v a t i o n a n d t b a t t h e y e xte n cl e d . along the shore in a reguiar line." l O n e o f t h e s e t e n r p l e s \ r ( 'a ss k e t c h e c l a n d c l e scr j b e d . The one describecl n'as fifty feet long by twent-r'-five B o t h t h e u p p e r t e r r a c e , w h i c h r va s fo u r f e e t n 'i d e . f e e t h i g h , a n d t h e l o r 'v e r , n 'h i c h n 'a s s i x f e e t b r o a d , hacl a breastr.vork of squared slabs of coral stuck sidew a y s i n t h e g r o u n r l . T h e s p a c e i n s i d e r r 'a s f ; l l e d r vi th c o r a l c l e b r i s , f i l <e t h e a r t i f i c i a l i s l a n d s o n t h e r e e f o n r v h i c h h a d b e e n b n i l t t h e g r e a t t e n r p l e s i n th e r u i n s of the megalithic "!-enice" in Itorrape, but it wns l e v e l e d a n d p a v e d r v i t h c o r a l s l a b s , I n t h e r:r i d d l e cf t h e h i g h , c e n t r a l s q u a r e h a d b e e r r e r e c t e d l r 'h a t b e cl c v i d e l t l S ' b e e n a n 'a l t a r , b e i n g b u i l t o f 's l a b s se t L tp e i g i i t f e e t a p a r t , r v i t h a f l a t s q u a r e sl e r i r lertically ( I n t h e 'c a s e o f t b e t e m p l e d e siesfing orr thenr. F r o n t t h e te n i p l e s, cribed, this latter had fallen). p a ', 'e d r o a d - ss t r e t c l r e d c l o n 'n n 'a r c l si n t h e d i r ecti o n o f t h e s e a . b u t t h e t e r m i u u s o f t l i e s e r o a d s q - a s , i n :o r r :e c a s e s , a s r n u c h a s f o r t l ' - r . a r d sf r o m t i l e n 'a t er l i n e . T h e f a c t t h a t g u a n o d e p o s i t s w e r e f o u n c l tr l 'o .fe e t b e l o l v 1 o n ' n 'a t e r a n d t h a t s u c h a s p a c e i n t e t 'r- e n e r l l - r e t n : e e n t h e e n t i s o f t h e p a v e c l r o a d l s a n c l t h e p r e se n t *a t e r l i n e , i n d i c a t e t h a t t h e l e v e l o f t h e se a h a d c h a n g e <1 a n d t l r a t t h e i s l c r r d h a r l s u r r k a r r u n r b e r o f f e e t b e l o u ' i t s l e v e l a t t h e t i r l e t h e s e t e n r p l e s s'e r e con:t ructed P r o [ e s s o r l l e c r r r i l l a r t B r o r v n , a l t n r c l t r e o l u gi st n 'l to h a s s p e n t ) 'e a r s i n t h e s t l r d - v o f t h e r u i n s o n th e P:i ci f i c I s l a r , d s , h a s a n a r t i c l e i n t l i e N e n ' Ze a l a n C C i r i s t b u r t h P r t s s o f O c t o b e r , I 9 i 9 , d e s c r i bi n g tl r i s i s l a n c i a n d h e g i r - e s h i s o p i n i o n s r e g a r d i t - .g tl te l o si "empires" o f t h e P a c i f i c . I u p a r t h e s t a t e s: " T h e a r c h i t q 6 l - s , r v h o b u i l t t h e t e n ; p 1 e s o n l {a l cl tn I s l a n r i ; h a d e v i d e n 't 1 r ' b e e n t r a i n e c l i r , t l i e s a nr e sch o o l a s t h o s e w h o c o n s l r t t c t e d t h e r u i r r e c l n r e g a l i th i c '\ - e n i c e ' a n c l o t h e r s t r u c t n r e s o n P o n a p e, th o tr g l i t h e y v a r i e c l t b e i r s t r u c t u r e 's t o f i t t l i e r u a t e r i a l 'r vi th i v h i c h t h e l ' h a d t o d e a 1 , r v h i c i r ', v a s c o r a 'i l i i r e sl a b s A n r i , l i k e th e g r e a l insteacl of basaltic colrimns. ({ i

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NOVriirilriR 1926

THE GUAMRtrCORDER

nrea-aiithic citl', the r v or k c ould not ir av e bee n a c coLnplishe ri rvith ou t s uc h s ur plus wealt h alld s u c h lrrmie s of lab or as c ould r r ot be pr oc ir r ed, in t h e lrreseirl state of the Pac if ic , f r or : r all t he ar c hilr ela g o e s rvithin ir raclius of se..'era1thousancl nriles. The 1er,e1 of tl- re se a n nst ha v e c ir augec l s inc e t lle r oat ls r v e r e rurd.: :rrrc1tire y rn us t hav e been m ade c ent ur ies a g o . "f ire peo ple r'vh o biri lt t he t em ples c onld not hav e l i v e d oir th e isia nd as ir is t oday . Pr obably t hey liv e d o n ieriiie archip ela go es lv it hin c anoe- c lis t alr c e o f i l s shores. This soli t ar y , t einple- c r owlr ed, r ais ed r e e i irust h rve be en th ei r s ac r ed is le, anc l t he pav e d r c a c l s must ha ve be en their s ac r ed way s along n' hich t h e s:lcrecl symbols ancl sacrecl sacrifices were borne to 'lire - Lr nc har t ed s hoals t hat ex is t i n i t s the alia r:;. neighl;o rho od , it is nr or e t han 1ik e1i' , ar e built o n t b e srl; urrrge cl pe aks o f r he f or m er ar c hipelago. W h e t h e r an]' of th e wo rsh ipper s es c aped, r ' v het t t heir is l a n d s -cank, is o ne o f the innir nr er able r nlz 5ls r ies o f t h e T he per iod of t er iple b' . r ilding a n c l P acifil Oce an . hr-rm a n rvorship o n M aiden I s land m us t hav e be l o n g ed to a fa r pa st, e ls e t he s eabir ds c ould not hav e h a c l the tin re to b lan ke t t he c or al s o t hic k ly r , v it h gua n o . " ' ' Nor is th is the only ev idenc e of or ganiz ed c o r n munitie s, if n ot em pir es , hav ing v anis hed i n t h e bosom of the Pacific. I have already indicated that the g lea t ru ins o n t he r eef s of Ponape c annot b e e x lrlaine d witho ut a s s um ir r g a s ubm er gec l enr pir e n 'i t h miilion s of in ha bita nt s . And way t o t he nr : r lh - r . v e s t of it, the scrip t cf about f iv e doz en c har ac t er s t h a t I disco ve red o n the lit t 1e is l: r nd of Uleai, wit h i t s s i x irundred in ha bita nts , ar gues a highly or gauiz ed e n r pire in th e pa st. So t he s t r ic t lalv of c ons on a n t a l relatio nship tha t h olds am ongs t t he v ar ious Po l y n e sian d iale cts, soin e of t hem uon t hous ands of r l i l e s stparate d from on e anot her , c ould not hav e b e e r r evolv ed exce pt un der c ondit ions of c ons t ilnt , a l m o s t daily, pe acefu l inte r c our s e t hat c ould be s ec ur ed o n l y by a strong and highlrl' organized governmeirt, ancl the co mm on f at her land of t hem all , m u s t ilawaiki, nol b e re stin g d ee p unc ler t he * ' at er s of t he Pac i f i c . " "Al1 these submergecl empiles tie in the grea,t arc of atolls an d ra ise d c or al r eef s t hat s t r et c hes f r o m the Ma rian as soln c f oLr r t een hundr ed m iles t o t h e south-lvest of Japan, arvay to the south-westwal'd to E aster Isla nd , a little r nor e t han t wo t hous and m i l e s of f t hc coa st o f ldo r t her n Chili. And all t he c o m bination o f h un dre ds of m egalit hic plat f or m s a n c l huge sto ne statu es, r v it h c om pelat iv e inf er t ib i l i t y ,

su g g es t st hat E as t e r Is i a n d w a s l i k e X ,{ a l d e nfsl and, th e s ac r ed c ent er o f a s u b rn e l g e d a n d h i g h i y ferti i e a rch ipelagot hat . q u rro u n d e di t." "B ut s ubs ic iencei,h o u g h th e c l o rn i u a n tmo v e rncnt i n th is c hief ly c ora i l i n e a rc , i s n o t th c o n l y movcme n t. W her ev er th rl re i s s i n k i n g , th e rc mu st be co l n pens at or y elc v a ti o n . T h e c ru s t o f th e e arth i s a skin liber elly c o rru g a te d , a n d , i f a n y o f th e hol l o ws ar e deepened ,th c ri d g e s mu s t ri s e . A n uni ber o f i s laur ls , es pec ia l l yi n th e C o o k g ro u p , h a v e evi d cn c e of alt c r nlt e ri s e a n d fa l l . On e i s l a n d o{ thi s g ro u p s ank wil, h it s i n h a b i i a n ts w i th i n th e rrernory o f m an. T he s ar n e p ro c e s s r)sth a t l e d to th e subrrl e rg enc cof T ur naki a n d i ts p e o p l e ,h a v e b e e n goi ng

2L3

oi r through meny geol ogi calagcsal l al ong thi s iir ncr coral i i ne arc cf the P aci fi c and r' vi l lsti l l go on. FI ow l n& ny peopl e, rvi th thei r i sl ands, have vani shed is Ieft oni 1,to conj ecture." E astel Isl ancl , the l ast of the cot' al i i ne& rc ' posscssessoeci al i nterest on acccunt of the rvon clelf ul rui ns and cti l ossai shore i mages. It i s sorne t t 'o thousend mi l es from C hi l i and about a tho use. r it l rni l cs from thc eastrnostof the P ol ynesi an ar chipel' agoes. It i s a bere i sl and trveh' c rrri l csi n l en glh b; ' about fi ve i n rvi dth. There i s nothi ng tropi cal about Enster Islancl. There are no coconttt palms, bi'eaclfrui t ti ' ees, anC no masses of tangl ed veget at ion. S ome of these i magcs are over Ltri rty feet i n height and some ai e about si x feet hi gh, the averageh eigliih bci ng tw el vc feet. They representthe tl pper half of a human body, the fnccs bei ng l ong w i th prorninent noses. On the heads of the statues are " cr owns" about five feet liigh ancl carved out of a different B bone,a red voi cani c ash found i n a di ffererrtpar t of i he i sl and from w herethe qurrrri esare l ocated. I 'hese stn,tueswere erected on terraces which were used for buri al pl aces, of w hi ch there are tw o hundr ed and sixty in number. They are principally found near the coast. Traces of three roads, l eadi ng aw a y f r om the quarries, have been founcl. Along these, the completed statues were &ppal'entiy taken from the quarl'ies to the places where they rvere sct up. _One of tl l e roads i s si x mi l es l ong ancl i mages hav e been I I ow set up at every ferv httndred yards ai ong i t. w ere rnoved from pl ace to place, these hugc sta+ " ues and rvhy they r,veremede and why erected-,remains a mysterl ' . On these stone terraoesand stat ues is a strange system of w ri ti ng or rock carvi ng, which appea.rsto resenrbl e,to a certai n extent, E gypt ian hi crogl ,vphi cs,but these gi yphs have never been cl eci pheredand no l i ght has been throw n o n t heir ori gi n nol thei r nreani ng. ' f he N ati onal Geograpl ri c[f agazi rte,i n the Oct ober , 1925, i ssue,hts l u arLi cl e, " The R ornanceof Science i n P ol ynesi n" by l t" obert C ushman Mtl rphl ' , which suppori s the i tl trnsof P rofessorB ro$.n. To q uot e in part: " D ar\yi n hel rl tl rat the ri ngs of col al, which sorneti rnest' i sefrci m cl eptl rsfar bel ow the lim it at rvhi ch reef-bui l di ng pol yps can l i ve, are t l: e resul t of the gradual rveari ngaty& ye1 subsi dence o{ a central l and ma-qs,accompa-ni edby t he equnl l y -* l orvupgro* ' tl i of a gi rdl i ng l ancl ma ss. t t " A ccorrl i ng to thi s vi ew , each atol l i -s, in efTect,n.l -rarri erreef o{ an i sl and w hi ch bas vantnouncl which approaches i-ohecl . or of a -qubnrrr,rine the surftce of the sea. hl ore crudel y stated, t he atol i i s the ttrorvnof a si nki ng vol cano.t' " B oti r,gs nrade at tl i e atol l of X ' unafuti i n t he IX l l i ce group, bol h throi rgh the ri ng i tsel f and through tl re bottonr of the encl osed l agoon, r evealrrd t,lre presct.rceo{ coral rock to a depth of feet. S i nce reef corl tl cri ttnot grr" ' n'b eJow 1, 11.,1 tu' enl y fi l tLol ns, the Funa{ uti cxperi nrentpoint s ..i nl < i ngof ti re oceanfl oor i n t his to a progres-* i ve ( Cotttinircd on Page 229)


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THE GUAM RECORDER

N O V i i M BER 1 9 2 6

MEIVIOIRSOI.' DON trELIPE DE LA CORTE'S F]I,I|\']]N

YF]ARS AS GOVERNOR. OIT GUANI i 855-1866 ( Continuedfran Octaberissut)

I{tcult'Avs,

ANlrrrr\r,s, Pour,tlly, Ixrustny

AND WrLD Brnos. Frsu :\xo M:\RrNE LrrrE, TH-twSpoR1..\TroN, ,q,ND Cc)lrtrxRcri oF t'Hlj ISI,.\r]D OF I{ORE TFIAN FIFTY Yr]^\riS N.C;O,

HI G HW A Y S :A l 1 th e s e d i fi e re n t c o a s t ro l yns are co nnec t edby a c o rn mo n h i g h r,r' a yn ,h i c h , l e a r,i ng the ci ty , f ollows alo n g th e c o a s t, g o i n g i n l a nd onl y n 'h er e it is im pos s i b l eto k e e p to ti re b e a c h . P assi rrg th rough t he bar r i o s o f An i g u a , As a n a n d ' l e pungan i t r uns out t o t he s h o re o f r\p ra l l a rb o r a t " P unta Pi t i" , t he us ual l a n d i n g -p l a c efo r b o a ts . T h rougho u t t his di- s t anceth e ro a d i s b r' ri l t s i x v a ras w i de (N ot e' 16 f eet ) . r' v i th s o l i d rv o o d e n b ri c ' l g esacross a l l s t r eam s and m a rs h l - p l a c e ss o th a t o n e c a n travel e ver it in an- yk in d o f v e h i c l e , a t a l l ti m e s n' i thout fear of rneeting an1' clifficr-r1tv except jn one place at th e f oot of a c lif f . In v i o l e n t s to rm s i ro m tb e north, th e n' av esf or ho u rs a t a ti me t' i l l b re a k a g ai trsttl i e cl i fi des t r o5' ingt h e ro a d b e ri c o n s tru c te da t i ts foot; si nc e it is t her eb -r' re n c l e re ci m l p a s s a b l efo r c arri ages a n d w' agons ,ex ce p t a t 1 o tr,ti c l e , i t m r:s t b e rebui l t year. T'his part of the roacl shoulcl be :rlrnoste'"'erly' co x - { t r uc t er i s oli c i l -r' o f s to n e n ' o rk b u t th e fnnds h e r et of or e obt ai n z rb l efo r th e X { :rri a n a s l i a ve not p e r m it t ed us t o f i l a n c e th i s u n d e t-ta l i i l g rv h i c h, arrl ' rvher eeis e, u' ou1 db e c o i rri c l e re cbl trt a s ma l l matter. As it is , s om e f if t1 ' o l ' s i x tl ' ttte tre a c h c o n tri bute tl vo rveelis ' r v c r k f or re p a i rs , l ' h i c h l a s t a t l e a s t a I' ear, a n c l, in t lt e pr es e n t c i rc n n rs ta rrc e sth , i s a rra n g€u:€l t i s pr ef er ablet o o u e i n v o l r' i n g th e l a rg e o u tl a _vnecessa r y t o builc l a pe rrra n e n t s e a -rv a l i . T he dis t anc ef ro n l th e Go v e rn o r' s p a l a c e a t A gana to t he P it i lar r di n g p l a c e i s 7 k i l o me te rs 5 2 6 meters (Note: Approxirnatel:, 5-1/zmiles) B e1' ond t he Ma z o ri v e r (6 k i l o m e te rs a nd 986 nreters fronr Agana) branches off the road to Agat, g o ing s out h. I t c ro s s e sth e me a d o w so f Ma zo, S asa a n d A guada, al l l y i n g a l o n g th e c o a s t of A pra Har bor anc l, s t i l i fo l l o r,v i n gth e s h o re , s k i rts the mangrove s\'\'ampsof the Atantano, crossing thenr o n an ar t if ic ial d i k e w i th n i n e te e n b ri d g e s. A fter th i s it goes up a n d d o ' * ,n s e v e ra l h i l l s o f w hi ch the nam ed Ab o , i s fa i rl y h i g h , b e fo rei t cl escends 1 :rs one, t i n to t he t ou' n o{ A g a t. T h i s ro a d , a l th o u g h n ot very g o od, is pas s ab l efo r w a g o n s a s fa r a s th e A tantano n'hich is 2 kilorneters 400 nleters from Nlazo arrd 2 l <ilom et er s890 u i e te rs fro rn th e Ag a t C h u rc h; from "rh e A t ant ano t o A l a t th e re i s u re re l y a ro u g h track .1 ras s able only by d ra ft a n i m a l s a n d b y p e o p l e o n foot. 'l h e ent ir e dis t a n c e fro m Ag a n a to Ag a t i s 14 ki l orn et er s276 m et ers . I ir t he dis t r ic t o f A g a t th e re a re tw o o th er publ i c h i ghr v al' s , one, to Su ma y a n c l tl re o th e r t o A pra l a nding, bot h p l a c e s -s i tu a te do n th e s h o re of the h a r bor . T hes e ro a c .l sa re o p e n to fi ' a g o n sa ncl mi ght l re ens il- yr epair e c l fo r c a rri a g e u s e . T h e one from

S u m a y t o A g a t m e a s l l r e s 2 k i l o m e t e r s 9 3 0 m e te r s, a n c l t h e o n e f r o r n A g ; r a , 1 k i l o r n e t e r 3 0 0 m ete r s. I r r o r n A g a t , a s f a r a s S a g n a , t h e r o a d r un s a l o n g t h e s h o r e o r c l o s e t o i t , b r - r t b e 1 'o n c l t i r a t p o i n t i t b e g i n s t o a l t e r n a t e s t r e t c h e s a l o r , . g .t.h e l ; ea ch n 'i th very difi-lcr-ritgr:rdes up and clou'n oler triils of a cla-v r o c l <, i v h i c h , l l 'h e n w e t , b e c o m e s e x t r e n r e l l . ' sl i p p e r y, n 'h e r e i t c l o e , "n o t f o r m d e e p r n u c i h o l e s . 1 'h i s r o a c l i s r , e r 1 ' 'b a c l q n d b 1 ', t h e n a t i i re o f th e g r o u n d , r . e r ) ' d i l i c u l t t o i m p r o y e ; i t u 'o u l d ta ke a n e n o r i l r o L i s a r r o r l n t o f r r o r k t o u r a k e i t f a i r l v u a ssa b l e r .r c i r f o r l ) x c l { r l l i u ) i r l s . \ \ 'l r i l c t l r u g a l i r or r s ca n r e t o U m a t a c , t h i s r o a c l w a s o f c o nsi cl e r a b l e -vearll' i r n p o r t a n c e a r r d j i i s k n o 'n 'n t h a t a g n c <i d e a l o f u 'o r k, p a i c l f o r c u t o f t h e l r r i b i i c f u n c l s , \ \ 'a s d o n e cn ce r ta i r r r i s e s a n d c l e s c € n t s ; h e r e t h e r o a d , p r o t e c t e d b y p a r e tp e t s a n c i p a v e r i u - i t h s t o n e , r t 'a s c o u s t r u c t e cl i r i z- i g z l r g , b u t e v e n s o , i t r v a s l e r y s t e e p a n d d a r :g e r o tr s, N o r v t h a t t b e r o a d i s o f n o p a r t i c u l a r i n i p o r ta n ce i t i s s i r n p l - r -k e p t i n s r f f r c i e r . i t r e p a r 'r t o a l l c r v t h e l a tj r es t o t 1 - s ei t a s a f o o t - p a t b , n 'h i l e i n t h e <1 r _ vs ea scn o r ;e nisv e\:en rnake it oti horseback. F r o u r A g a t t o S a g u a t h c l e r '<: lp a r t i s 6 k il cn tcl € r s 3 5 0 m e t e r s a n d f r o n r . S a g n a t o I 'n r a t a r c t h e hi i l S'p a l t i s 5 h i l o r n e t e r s 9 2 8 u t e i e r s ; r v l r i c h l t a k e - c , f r cn r 1 cl .l t o t o r r n , 1 2 k i l o m e t e r s 7 7B n r e t c r s o f b a d g o i r r g . If t h e r e t 'e r e o t h e r i r : t e r r r r t : c l i a t e v i 1 1 a g e s , i t n i i g h t l :e r v o r t h r v h i l e t o c o n s t r u c t r r o a c l a l o n g t b e sh o r e , buildiug it out arcund ihe poirrts. These are all of s o f t c l a l ' r o c k , b u t e l 'e n s o , t h e c 1 j f f i c tj t i e , . v'cu l d b e .-s11rgr9at. R e t w e e n U m a t a c a n d \ {e r i z o t h e r o a d cr o sse s a h i l l w h e r e i t u s e d t o g o o r l t a r o u n c l a p r eci p i to u s h e a d l a n d , b , l t s e a s f r o m t h e s o u t h a n d l ve st h a ve r : e c e n t l 1 'u n d e r t r i n e d t h e c l i f f s , d i s l c d g i n g g r ea t n .:a ss€ s o f r o c l <, r v h i c h n o l v b l o c k t h e u 'a 1 . . I f t l r e s e vi l l a g e s r v e r e b i g e n o u g h t o n : a r r a n t t l i e e x 1 - - e n s e,i t v'o u l d n o t t a k e n t u c h r v o r k t o m a k e a l e v e l h i g h r r a l ' fr o m o n e t o t i r e o t h e r , b u t i t i s h a r d l 1 . u 'o r t h t h e tr o u b l e to nailtain conrrnunicaticn betg-een one hamlet of T h e d i sta n ce 139 inhaltitants and another ol 127. l i e t r v e e n t h e r n i s 3 k i l c m e t e r s 5 2 8 n r e t e r - . o f l l h i ch tlrp r.rerlt r narl is lclel, I i r o m l {e r i z o t o I n a r a j a n t h e r o a d f o l l o n 's a l o n g t h e f l a t s h o r e r o u n d i r g t r o o r t h r e e h e a d l a nd - s w h e r e i t i s n e c e s s a r l ' t o $ 'a d e t h r o u g h s h a i l o r v w a t er . Wh e n t h e t i d e i s e x c e p t i o n a l l - v h i g l r o r r v b e n t he se a i s r o u g b , o n e i r a s t o t a l i e t o t r a i l s a c r c s s t h e h i l l s, a l l of them in very poor condition. Wa g o n s g oi n g fr o m one viilage to tlie other have troulile as well in c r o s s i n g n u i l e r o u s s t r e a m s a n r l s l o u g h s , t he r o a d i n l e r l i t - r ' h e i n g l i t t 1 e n : o r e t h a n a n o p e l t s l t a c e l te tn - e e r r


NOVEI\TBER 1926

the thicke ts an d the bar e beac h. betrve e n th ose trn 'o v illages is 12 met ers. Th e rvho le s t r et c h c ons is t s cultivation . rvh ich m ight r v ell be villages do tted aio ng t he r oad t bat turned into a go od o ne.

THtr GUAMRECORDER The dis t a r r c e k iiom et er s 8 l 5 of lar ; d goc tl f c r popuiat ed r v i t h c ould eas il y b e

F ronr Ina raja rr to t he f or m er v iliage of Pago, t h e road still foilo rvs th e c iir ec t ion of t be c oas t bu t f o r tnost of the way it goes inland ac r os s plat eaus a n t l over m o un tain s. In c as e t he populat ior . r of t he is l a n d is incr ea se d, co lon ies s hould be es t ablis hed on t h e banks of the 'lalo fofo , of t he Ylig, and on t he s i t e o f old Pa go ; th ese the n c ouid c ont r ibut e t he nec es s a r J r iabor to impro ve and m aint ain t he r oad. Th e r e being sma ll pro ba bil it y of any s uc h inc r eas e, it ur i g b t be bette r to con stru c t a highr v ay f r om lnar ajan b y w ay o f Bu vu iao an d G ojo t o c onnec t wit h t he Ag a n a A gat roa d. Altho ug h t his pr opos ed r out e has m a r r y draw backs, yet it r,v ould be s hor t er , and r equir e l e s s niaintenance than the present orle through Irago, w hich rn igh t th en be abandoned, The dis t anc e f r o m Inarajan to Agana by the present Pago roacl is 26 kilometers 264 neters. By the proposecl roacl it rvould be, according to the survey meastrrenrents, 31 kiiorne ters 5 63 mete r s , but s inc e s onie 12 k ilont e t e r s of this be lon g to the Agana- Agat r oad it f ollows t h a t Inarajan wou ld ha v e t o nr aint ain only 20 k ilc nr e t e r s in pla ce o f the 2 6 wh ic h it m us t c ar e f or now. N {o r e over durin g the rai ny s eas on t he r iv er s of t en n r a k e the pr esen t roa d irnpas s able lv hile by t he pr op o s e d road, q'4 ge ns co ulcl go t he ent ir e c lis t anc e; t lr e c h i c - f clifficulty is th at th e det ailed s ur v ey of t his n e r v highr.val' will require a goocl deal of labor ancl expert plannin g. The old r oad f r onr Agana t o t he a b a n doned villa ge of Pago is s t ill c allec l a wagon r o a t l because in p oin t of f ac t t he nat iv e c ar t s do ns e it , a n t i even carria ge s ha ve m anaged t o m ak e t hc . t r i p i n spite of sorle \te ry long s t eep s lopes not at ail s u i t able fo r veh icle s. I f t he v illage was ev er r eb u i l t , it lvou ld be be tter to m ak e anot hâ&#x201A;Źr r oad t o t he n o r t h of the pre se llt o ne r v her e it c ould r un ov er l e v e l grouncl to the ve ry edge of t he c li{ I s abov e t h e village site; a nd he r e a des c eut c or llc l be c or r s t r u c t e <1 rvhich rvo uld be ntu c h eas ier and s hor t er t han an v o { the pr esen t gra cle s. lJesid es the se pu bl ic ir ighr v ay s ius t c les c r iber i, th e r e are als o man y trails ac r os s t he int er ior of t he s o u t h ern ha lf of the islan c l, f r om Agana or t he Pago r o a r i , from Ag at, Uma tac, M er iz o and I nar aian t o t h e D andan an d Buvula o plat eau dis t r ic t , nr ak ing of t h i s t:rble lan d a ce ntra l r neet ing plac e whit her c ot ne p e o ple f r oru all th e villages , eit her bec at is e t he5' h a l e cat t le ra nche s th ere or bec aus e t he c lis t anc e fr o n r village to villag e is s hor t er t hat r . v ay ; all t hes e p a t h s are very b ad go ing - bec or ning all llut inr pas s ab l e i n the rain y sea so n eith er bec au. s eof r he r nnc l or bec a u s e of the flo od ecl river-cr o- . s iugs . N orth fron r Ag an a t he r oads f r onr all t he ex t r e r n it ies of the pla tea u c om e t oget her , as t hey desc e n r l torvards the city, into two nrain highr,r,a1,s,separatecl by the clifi o f which r v e hat e s pok en. The one o n the piate ar en ters the c it y c lir ec t l, y , u' hile t he o t h e r

415

on the lower ievel, tuns to tlre beach east of Agarra proper. A 1 1 o f t h e s e n o r t h e r r r r o a c l s a r e t r a v e l e d b y ca r ts a n d i f t h e i r s n r f a c e s r v e r e p r o p e r l 5 r c a r e c l f o r , co u l d b e m a d e p a s s a b l e f o r c a r r i a g e s . 'I 'h e b u l l s a r r d co r vs, s o m u c h d r i v e n h e r e , d i g u p t h e g r o u r r d l v i t h th e i r s h a r p h o o 'i 'e s a n c l t u r n t h e r o a d b e c l i n t o a s e r i e s o f t n u d p i t s , o f n 'l . r i c l . ra n 1 ' o t h e r a u i t u a l u 'i t h l a r g e r s t r i d e o r l e s s u s e d t o t r a r r p i r r g r n u c l , n r a k e s t e r y h a r ci rvork. Five or six good-sized viiiages hereabouts, might m a k e i t r v o r t h w h i l e t o b u i l d u p a s - \ 's t e n 1o f h i g h w a y s w h i c h c o r 1 l d b e n r a j n t a i n e d a t l i t t l e c o s t , se e i n g t h a t e v e r y w h e r e n n d e r t h e t o p 1 a 1 'e ro f s t i c k l ' cl a - v, i s a h a r d c a l c a r e o u s m a t e r i a l , e x c e l l e n t f o r r o a cl metal. T h e r e a r e o t h e r t r a i l . i a n d p a t h s c u t t i r g a c r oss th e c o u l l t r y b u t n o n e o f t i r e m a r e o { s u f f i c i e n t i n r p o rta n ce T h e l a n d c l o s e t o a l l th e se t o b e n 'o r t h r n e n t i o n i n g . v i l l a g e s a s w e l l a s t h a t n e a r r " h e c i t y i s l a r g e l y un cu l t i v a t e d w h i l e i n t h e c o u n t r y t h e r e . 'ri sa nncoht chsi n" ,g to b e so n :e seen but a few littie shacks called o f t h e m s u r r o u n d e c l b y a s m a l l p l a n t e d a r e a , o th e r s clevoterl to the breeding of cattle. c i i f f e r e n t k i n d s of l i r ,'e ANIMALS: LrvEs,rocx-The s t o c k o n t i r e i s i a n c l c o r r p r i s e c r i t t l e , c a t a b a o s , h o r se s a r i c l p i g s , s o l n e g o l t s a u r l s h e e p , a l s o a v e ry fe r ,r ' r u r u i e s . C a t t l e a n c l b u 1 1 c a r a b a o s a r e t h e t r v o ki n d s o f a n i n i a l s r v h i c h c l o u r o s t o f t h e l v o r k , t h e m aj o r i ty o f t h e f e r n a l e c a r a b a o s b e i n g a l l o n 'e d t o r u n r ,ii l d cr r c e r t a i u r a n c h e s f o r b r e e c i i r r g p r r r i l o s â&#x201A;Ź - s ;t h e u i a l e ca l l e s a r e c a u g h t , t a m e t l : u r c l c a s t r a t e d r r h e n t u , o o r th r e e 1 'e a r s o l c l , a f t e r - r v h i c h t l t e l ' n r s b r o k e n i u t o p l ow i n g . T h e n a t i r : e s a l s o u s e t h e n r t o p u l l l r a g c n s o r tw o I n i 8 6 3 th e r e nheelecl carts, ancl to carr]' packs. \ v e r e o 1 r t h e i s l a n c l o n l y 2 4 5 h e a d o f t h e s e c a r a b a o s, v e r ! f e n , i r d e e c l , c o n s i d e r i n g t h e i r g r e L t r . s e f u l n e ss. 'f l 'r e m o s t i r r r p o r t a n t d r a f t a n i n r i r l s h e r e a r e b u l l s, T h e l 'a r e r i d d e n l i ke c o , n 's a n c l o x e n , o r " n o v i l 1 o " . h o r s e s a r - r cal l s o s e r l e a s p a c k a n i n i a l s , t h e o x en a r e u s e d , l i l . - e t h e c a r a b a o s , t o p t r l l t n o l r h e e l e d ca r ts. T h e s e c a t t l e a r e o f m u c h b e t t e r b r e e d t h a n t h o se o f t l i e P h i l i p p i n e s a s i t s e e n s t h e y w e r e i r n p o r t e d fr o m A m e r i c a a n <1h a r , e n o t b e e n c r o s s b r e c l t o t h e Ph i l i p p i n e v a r i e t y ; b L r l l s a r . i c 'lc o u 's a r e t o b e s e e n w h i ch r e s e m b l e t h o s e o f S p a i n b o t h i n s i z e a n d s h a p e, d e sp i t e t h e n e g l e c t t h e y h a v e s u f {e r e d a t t h e h a nd s o f t h e n a t i v e s , r v h o g i r r e t h e m l i t t l e c a r e a n d e x e r ci se n o I t s 'o u l d n o t be d i fcontrol over their precreation. f i c i r l t t o r i e v e l o p a g o o d b r e e c l , s i m i l a r t o t h e S pa n j sh i n t y p e , r v h i c h n 'o u l d n r u i t i p l y r a p i <i l y , s i n ce i t i s evelr now conlmon enough to find cows that drop a calf yearly for six seasons or longer. Nevertheless. little actual increase is seen and m a n y c a t t l e a r e r v e a k a f l d p o o r , t h e r e a s o n f o r th i s b e i n g t l . r a t b e f o r e t h e y a r e t w o 1 'e a r s o l d m c - q t o f th e m are put to work as draft and riding animals; they are k e p t c o n s t a n t l l ' 1 1 . . 1u p l v i t h l o n g r o p e s a n d a r e g i ve n n o t h i n g t o e a t e x c e l i t t h a t w l i i c h t h e y 'c r o p i n p a stu r e ; n 'h i l e t h e i r m a s t e r s f r e q u e n t l y l e a v e t h e n r ti e d b e s i d e t h e h o u s e r v i t h n o t h i n g t o e a t o r d r i n k fo r trventy-four hours at a stretch. 'I h e c o u 's a r e ri d d e n


2L6

THE GUAM RECORDER

by pre fere nce bec aus e t hey t r ot a league i n t h r e e qua rters of a n h our or les s and r qili c ar r y o \ i e r b a d road s, on the rvor s t k ind c f s addle, loads o f m o r e than a q uin tal (one hundr ed pounds ) . T' his l r , a y c f trea ting th em en f eebles or r ender s abor t iv e lh e r e p r o ditctive p owe rs of r uany c or v s r v bic h ill- t r ea t e <i a n <1 put to wo rk be for e t hey hav e t heir gr or v t h, d e r - e l o p poo rly to th e res nlt ar r t degener nt iot r of t he s to c 'l <. Cattle a re no t us ed f or plowing bec aus e t he F i l i p i nos, lvh o in ttocluc ed agr ic ult ur e her e, pr ef er , i n a c cotd an ce with Filipino c us t om , t o us e only c a r a b a o s ; conse clu en tl)' th e c ult i' , ' at ion of lanc l is v er v b a c k \-,'ard . In 18 63 ther e r v er e on t he is land, 1. , 2 9 4 b e a d oi ca ttle, a ve ry s m all num ber c onlpar ed t o t h e am o un t o f work t hey do, not t o s peak of t heir u s e a s food ; an d o n this ac c ount beef is v er y s c ar c e. Nine tee n h orses anc l r nar es ar e at Dr es en t o r r t h e islan d, an cl so me of t ir er n ar e t anr ec l f oi t he ex c l t r s i t , e rrse of certa in u'ealt hy per s ons ; y et , alt houg h t h e i r averag e va lue is ov er a hundr ed pes os a head,n o b o C . - v gives the m a rly ex ir a f eed bey onc l t hat r v hich t h e y can cro p for the ur s eiv es n' hile s t ak ed out t o p a s t t l r e , rvhere th:ir suffer from the heat of the sun and are ttnpro tecieri lrorn t he lv eat her , being of t en s o l t e g lectecl by tireir g r oom s t hat t hey ar e not ev en g i v e t r w aie r to clrin k. ' l' he i. , ilc i ones r ec eii' e no c ar e a t a l l : and , siuce the n at iv es ar e c oiir plr : t elf ignor ant o f t h e scieirce o f h orse br eedir r g, t ir e gr er t er par t o f t h e foals cciu : to g riel and t ir e r ec e t loes not p r o s p e r . P erh ap s the y 1 ''. 6s 161 alr ea< 11,be ex t ilc t her e y e r e i t lt ot fo r a prie st r,hc t c ok gr eat int er es t in all k i n d s of a nirn als an cl rrh o, : r { en' l. ear s ngo bought an i m p o r t ed h orse a ud ro lrndet l ir p alm os t all t he nlar es . B y t i r i s rnea ns th e bre ed was s ont eu' hat inr pr ov ed but a 1 r e a c l 1 . tire ojTrorirrg ha \- e gr eat ll' c legener at ed anc l t h e o n l y rlecen i ho rse s h er e ilr e t hos e wir ic h hav e be e n i r n pcr ied frorrr ab roa c i c lnr ing t he las t t wo 1' ear s. T h e orc linrry h eig ht of t he c o[ nt r J , br er ] is f r ot n s i x a n c l a ha li to se ye n cuor t as( Not e: 1. 1- t / 2t o 15 hand s h i g i r ; the. old Spanish nleasLlre of the cuaria probably ctarta 1)ara , wa s the -u vi c it hof t he open hand f r om t hu n r b t i p to tip o f little iing er , about 3 inc hes on an a v e r a g : e ; this is the rle asur e us ed t or lav on t he is land i n e s t i ;netin g tire d ilrleter of t ir it ber , c ar t n' heels , e t c . , i t bein.q the irrte riue c liat e bet r r een t he I ' ar a ( 32 i n c l r e s ) arrd th e de rlo(fr,n ger r v idt h) ) . Of th e se ve u mules her e on11,t u' o l, ier c bc r u o n t i r e islzrr:d . Tirey ar e us ec i lii< e hr ir s es . Pigs and Goats:-tligs breed here ver]' $'e11and propag aie te ad ill' so that if t hey \ \ : er e pr oper l; ' c ar e d f o r , eno rmou s he rds c ouid be r ais ec l. They r un r v i l d b u t are fe d from time t o t ir ne r v it t r s plit c oc onut s t h r o r y r r irrt o a kinci o f p en or c or r al at t l. r e r anc h, whe r e t h e l ' can be can gh t i;r'hen want ed. I n 1863 oir ly 25 6 1 p i g s rve re reg iste recl r r her r t her e ought t o har - e l- . e e nt e n times as ma ny. Nlor eor , er , s inc e r io c ar e is t a k e n t o iirrp rorte o f e ve fl to nr aint ain t he br eec l, c ne f in d *c t h a t on the d eserte cl is lands ol Agr i. r lan a. nd Pag a n , a s also in Rota , the ' r , r r ld pigs ar e f ar s uper ior t o t i r e tarne on es cf Gu am . The nr os t r r : ar k ed c har ac t e r i - s t i c of the letives in t hes e par t s , is a c ot lplet e i n d i f f e r e1lce to th e ue ce s s it ; ' f or t al: ing c ar e of an1 't b i n g .

N O V E M BER 1 9 2 6

I i n o u g h p o r k i s e a t e n t o k e e p t i r e p r i c e o f l i ve p i g s s t e a d i l y a t a b o u t s i x p e s o s t h e h u n d r e d l v e ig h t. A f e r v g o a t s a r e r a i s e d ; l i l o s t o f t h e n t l i ve r vi l cl o n c e r t a i n r o c k y p o i n t s a n d i s l e t s a l t h o t r g h a fe w a r e r l o m e s t i c a t e c l f o r t h e s a k e o f t h e i r m i l k s i v e n to ch i l d r e n i n s p e c i f i e c i c a s r s . O n e h u n d r e c l l v e n tr ,- th r e e goats are registercrl. P o u i t r ya n d i t {i l d B i t d s : - I , o u 1 t r y {l o u r i s h e s he r e , so u e 1 0 , 0 0 0 c h i c k e n s , t u r k e l 's a n d d u c k s b e i n g r e g i ste r e d irr the census. T h e r e h a v e b e e n a l s o a f e n ' g e e s e a n d " p i n ta ci a ', fowls but these clid not clo weli. Wi l d B i r d s : - B e s i i l e s t \ \ o o r t l r r e e k i n d s c f d o r .e s o r p i g e o n s , d u c L - s a r e s i e n , a r d s u i p e , c a l J t c l " c 1 u l i 1 e s", s a l d - p i p e r s , h e r o n s . , t h r u s h e s , q l l '1 s , c a l l e d 'm o j m o j " , a s m a l l r e d b i r d , t w o o t h e r s n r a l l l a r i e ti e s a n d a f e r v b o o b i e s . T h e l a r g e f l 1 ; i n g - f o x e s c a l l e d "Fa n i j i ", b e i n g v e r l ' p l e n t i f u l , a r e e a t e l $ , i t h g r e a t e n j o 1 'r n e n t b y t h e n a t i v e s a f t e r b e i n g c o o k e c l i n a p a r t l r ' d e ca l 'e d c o n d i t i o n r v i t h o u t r e u i o v i n g t h r : h i d e o r t h e e n tr a i i s. A t c e r t a i n t i m e s a n d i n s p e c i a i p l a c e s a r e se e n p u r e rvhite sea bircls the size of pigeons. There are alscr sonre rvood-peckers ca1lerl "c:lrpinteros". Although no one persâ&#x201A;Źcutes thern here, bjrds are n o t s o n u m e r o l l s a s t h . e y s h o t r l d b e i n a l a n d l i ke th i s, u 'h e r e t h e c l i r n a . t e i s f a r . o r a b l e a n c i n 'h e r e th e r e i s a r,vealth of natural foccl. Other Animals:-In t h e v i l l a g e s a s \ \ : e 1 1a s o n th e r a n c h e s , a b o u n d b o t h c o g s a n c l c a t s , t h e f c r q r e r u se c1 f o r h u n t i n g , a n c 1t l i e l a t t e r t o c a t c h c r E c a r e a l va v i l .i e rats. I n t h e w o o c l s l i r . e s o m a n y d e e r , t h a t t h e y ccm e i n t o t h e v i l l a g e s , a n d t h e n o i s e t h e y n t a k e ca n b e h e a r c l a t n i g h t i n t h e h o u s e s ; y e t t h e n a t i v e s co n ti n uaily hunt thetn lvith dogs, fire-arnrs, - s na r e s a tr d lnnces. N o o t h e r g a m e q t r a d r u l - r . , 1, . k n o u n h e r e .

HARfuiFUL CRIATURES;Recogrrizecl as barmftrlcreat u r e s a r e t h e i g n a n a a n d t h e c e n t i p e c l e ; t i r e ig u a n a i s a l a r g e i i z a t d t h a t c a t c h e s p o u l t r l , a r c l o t hâ&#x201A;Ź r su i a l l b i r d s a n d a l s o e a t s t h e i r e g g s . T l i e b i t e o f th e ce n t i p e d e , f o u n d i n t h e h o u s e s a s n 'e l l a s i n tl i e fi e i cl s, c a r l s e s a s r v e l l i r r g a n d i s e x t i e m e l l ' p a i n l u l to m a r , r v j r i l e i t i s l r t n i t o p i g *. T h e r e i s a l s o a c o n s t a n t p l a g u e c i f r a t s i n th e ccu n t r , r ', l v o r s e i n r : l i l 1 ' 1 . 'e a r sb u t n e v e r a r u o u n t i n g to a s m u c h a s i n r a g - i t : r c 1 ; a l m c s t a l l t b e l r r i t i n gs a b cu t t h e s e i s l a n d s d e c i a r e t h a t i n a s i n g l e n i g h t th e r .e r n l i n r i 'i 1 1d e s i r c l - a r r 'h o l e s e n r e n t e r a , o r p l a n te d fi e l i l . F l a v i n g h a d u r r r l e r c o n s t a n t o b s e r r . a t i c n fi ty o $ 'n f i e l c l s a n d t b o s e o f o t h e r s , p l a n t e d t o n r a i z e , ca m o te , - s r i g a r c a 1 1 e a n c l o t l r e - r c r o l r s , I c a n s t a t e p o si ti ve l y t l i a t t h e C a u r a g e c l u e t o r a t s i s n e v e r c o n s i d e r a b l e e xc e i r t w i r e n i h e v a r e e l c c u r a g e d h ) ' l o n g co n ti n u e d carelessrr:ss cn tite part of the farmer. Thel' nerrer a t t a c k n 'e i 1 c r r l t i l a t e d f i e l c l s , n : r c h l e s s c l e s tr o y th e n r in a single night. S t o r i e s s t r c h .a . st h e s e i r n p l 3 .th a t ( Cninr;td

on 1:ap 226 )


NO v I I iT I J E R

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THE GUAIvIRECORDER

2r7

AGRICULTURALNOTES Guam Agricultural Experiment Station COPRA FRESH COCONUT VTRSUS MEAL FORHOGS ASA FEED A s er iesof t es t s h a v e b e e n c o n c l u d e d a t th e Cotot station in rvhich copra meal was colnpared rvitir fresh co co nut as a f eed f o r y o u n g p i g s a n c i fo r s o w s w hen o n fre e r ange. In one t es t 26 gr a d e p i g s a b o u t th re e n i o n ths of a g e w er e f ed f or a p e ri o d o f 9 0 d a y s o n c o p ra n eal , wh i l e 18 pigs of ap p ro x i ma te i y th e s a me a g e and b re e ding wer e f ed fre s h c o c o n u t. B o th l o ts w ere a l l o rv edf r ee r ange i n th e w o o d s a n d u p l a n d p a s ttl res. The lot receiving the copra meal rnade soruerrhat g re a t er and m or e e c o n o mi c a l g a i n s th a n d i d th e l ot wh i ch r ec eiv ed t he fre s h c o c o n u t. H o l v e v e r, the total results shor,vedthat for young pigs, even r,'i'hen o n free r ange, t he me a 1 ,a n d to a g re a te r e x te n t , tl te co co nut , s hould not b e fe d a l o n e b u t s h o u l c i b e comb i n e d u, ' it h ot ber f e e d s . Two of t he dam s o f th e p i g s t-rs e d i rr th e a b o v e test rvere fed eopra meal from the time they n'ere bred until their litters r.vereweaned, while tr,voothers rvere fe d fr es h c oc onut du ri n g th e s a me p e ri o d . A 1 1r,vere a l l o rv ed f r ee r ange . T h e tw o s o w s re c e i v i n g the mâ&#x201A;Ź a l k ept in m uc h b e tte r c o n d i ti o n ,e s p e c i a l l yd uri ng th e p e r iod t hey r v er en u rs i n g th e i r l i tte rs , th a n d i d the o th e r t r v o u' hic h n' e re fe d th e fre s h c o c o n u t. In both ca se s , howe- , ' er ,t he re s n l ts s h o rre d tl i :rt s o n ' s r ' hi l e n u rsi n 3 t heir lit t er s , s h o u l d b e g i v e n o th e r fe e d sa l ong wi th t he m eal or t he c o c o n u r. Th e s eand ot her t e s ts c o i rc l trc te d b 1 'th e Ii x l re ri rnent Sta ti o n hav e pr ov e n th a t c o p ra me a 1 , b o th as arr e n ti re r at ion and in c o mb i n a ti o n rv i th o th e r fe e ds, i s a b e tt er f eed f or bo th y o u n g p i g s a n d o l d e r stock, th a n is f r es h c oc on u t.

A NEWROOT FORGUAM CROP A ro ot c r op r v hic h rn a y b e c o n e o f i u p o rta n ce to Gu a m is t he edillle c a n n a , s o m e ti n re s te rm e d the Qrre e ns landdr r ow r o o t. ;\ f er v v enr s ago th e l o c a l Ex l re ri n re n t Stati orr o b ta i ned s eec of l t his c a n n a fro rn rh e F l a rra i i Ii x p eri me n t S t at ion. F or s o m e ti n re th e p e o p l e fa i i ed to ta ke auy int er es t in tl -rec ro p b u t re c e n tl -v , h avi ng l e a rn e d t hat it r v ill g ro w i n l o c a l i ti e s u n s u i ted to ta ro , a nt t nber of f a rm e rs h a v e ma d e tri a l p l a n ti rrgs. Tri ais s o f ar indic a te th a t th e c ro p i s a c l a y rterl to mo st o f t he c ult iv at e d a re a s o f th e i s l a n d b u t cl oes b e st on t he r v el1dr a i n e d p o ro u s * s o i 1 -* .It a p J rearsto b e p a r t ic ular ly f r ee f ro rn d i s e a s ea n d i n s e c t p e s t sand th e tu ber s hav e ex ce l l e n t k e e p i n g q u a l i ti e s . Th e c r op is of us e fo r th e rn a n u fa c tu re o f s tarch a n d for hum an c on s u mp ti o n a u c l, a s a s to c k f eed. Th e yo ung im m at ure tu b e rs rn a k e a v e ry g o o d rubsti tu te f or t ar o or o th e r e d i b l e ro o t c ro p s . 1' he mature tubers are rather fibrous for this purpose but make a good pig feed when cooked. The tops nray

aiso be used as a stock feeci, S eed of edi bl e canna may be obtai ned from t he E xperi urent S tati on.

COLOR TEST FORFERTILITY The corn pl ant w ri tes an order { cr focd rvhe n t her e i s shortage i n the soi l , and i t w ri tes i n col ors. G . N. H ofi er, pathol ogi st of the l )eparrment, coop er at ing w i th the P urdue E xperi ment S tati on, has sol ved t he secretcode i n rvhi ch the fo< -rd w ants are r,vri tten. His method can be used i n the fi el ci and requi re s but a few mi nutes. The test i s made duri ng the l atter part of the gr ow- i ng season, after the ears are w el l devel oped. A stai k i s cut ancl spl i t open l engthr,r' i se.A sol ut ion of sul phuri c aci d contai ni ng a ferv drops of di pl ienylami ne i s appl i ed to the cut surface of the stalk. I f the pl ant has had sufi fl ci entni trogen, the ti ssu eswill turn bl ue. If the pl ant has been starved for t his food, the ti ssuesw i l l be of a yel l ow -green col o r . A l ack of potassi umi n the soi l rnal ' be dete ct edb1' exami ni ng the ti ssues at the nocl esor j oi nts of t he stal k. If the ti ssues turn red r,vhena sol ution cf potassi um thi ocyarrate i s appl i ed, the soi l neec. ls potassi um. In soi l s found to be aci d i n reacti on, unde r sizecl anci stunted pi ants i ndi cate the need of l thosp hat es, provi cl i ngcl i mati c condi ti onsw ere normal cl urinp t he season. On such soi l s both l i me anrl phospha t escan be useclprofitabl5'. The fact that the speci fi c needs of tl .recorn plant can be detected i n thi s manner, savs l \{ r. Hcf ier , shoul d nrake the methocl of great p.racti calr 'alue. (U . S . D ept. A gr. Offi ci ai l {ecord, V ol . 5, No. 3C, page 3.)

PROTECTING CROPS ANDLIVTSIOCK H an< li n hand r,vi ththe devel opmentof better m et hods i n agri cul ture must ccl ue met]:ods of co m bat i ng i nsect pests and di seasesof pl ants and arrinr al- . . In thi s connecti on the N aval Gor,ernmentof Guar u has ordereclsmal i quanti ti es of a nri ui Lrerof cl ilTer ent ki nds rl f sprav materi al sand al -* osome serutn to conr bat hog chol era, a cl i seaseti rat ki l l s cff nranS ' h ogsin Grranreach 1' ear. If possi bl e,these spral s and serurn u' i l l be dist r ibuted freeto those s' ho need them, ' n' i i h tl i e i cleaof cl emonstrati ngto the farn;ers the grent val ue i n control l i ng i nsect pests and di seasesof tl rei r crop s ant l l i vestock anclthus i rrcreaseprcducti on. Ti re anr or r nt s ordered w i l l be suffi ci entto prove tl .re.qreatr.a1ueof such methods i f properl y appl i ed, ancl subse quent orders may be sol clat cost to f urther erccurage t lr eir use. W hen i n future the farmers have thoro ughll' l earned the l esson of protecti ng thei r produce f r om thei r enemi es,the burcl enof suppl f i ng t' he rnat: r ials shoul d be assumedby the farmers therusel ves.


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'fiiE GUAIII RECORDER

N O V E M BER 1 9 2 6

SCCIAL DOINGS IN GUAM \ ! an. 1' an, , l ei a b o l a te l i a r-e L ,.e e n th e d i n n ers and e r . r t elt ainr nenlsg i r-c ni n h c ' n c r o f l i re o l fi c e r.s snd men o f t he Hoillnc l s n b i l :rl i n e Ii -l i i r.h o u e r.er,i si torsi n (:iu r r urf ior r O c t . 2 1 u n ti l Oc t. 2 8 . ' i' f r e K - i3 lef t i ts h o rn e p r;rt Ma y 2 7 fo r a 20,000 mi le s eat r ip t o I)u l c h J a v a n ' l i e re th e s r-rb mari tre l i .i i l b e s t at ioned f or tl te n e x t t' w o J ea rs . T h e )o ng voJ' nge r\rr lsar r angec iun d e r ti te s u p c ' rri s i o no f L i e u t.-C cmi l r. L . G . L. v d" nc ler Ii u rr, R .N ., c o rn rra n c i i n go ffi eer of the I ( - 1i1, f or t h e b e n e fi t o f D r. Ve n i n g X l ei rresz, e rr r inor t s c ient is t, s ' l ro i s n ta h i n g a n e x te n s i vestudy o f t he eir t ht s gr a v i ty . L i e u l ,.-C o rrrd r.\' a ,l tcl er Ji un a n t l Dr . lleines z , rv h e n th e j o u rn e v to J a l a i s cori rp l et ec,l lv ill hav e th e c i i s ti n c ti o no f b e i n g 1 h e fi r' st tuo me n t o c ir c ur nn n v i g i rteth e g l o b e b y s u l .tn ra ri ne;the fi rs t par t of t he v o y a g e fro m l l o l l a n d to Jl rva w as tn a c lea f el y er ir sa g o v i a th e Sr-reczn n a l . T he f ir s t and mo s t e l a b o ra te s o c i rrl fu rc ti cn gi r,en fo r t lie { or eign o{ Ii c e rsrv a sh e l d Ac t. 2 2 a t th e P ai ace u 'i t h G ov er nor a n d IIl s . L . S. S h a p l e y p re si di ng as h o s t and hos t es s . T h e a ffa i l w a s i n th e fol m of a d i nner f ollov ed b y a mu s i c a l . A tn o s t i n t ere;ti rrg mu s ic r r l pr ogr ar i )w a s p re s e n te db y [{ rs . W. R ,. H ai ], so lois t , anc l llr s . \\' . J . H rL rc j i n s a n d l Irs. l X . T. Oz abr l, pianis t s . ( iues t saLt he C i n n e r w e re : L i e u t.-C o n rd r. van der Ku n, I ) r . V ening l { e i n e s z , L i e u t. \V i l l i n g e , C h E ng. va n der Linder , E n g .-L i e u t. v a n S a rrd rv ;' l <of the Proy alNav . r r ,and C o l . a n d N Irs . G.C . R e i tl , C npt. anri Mrs . A dr ian A lf r e c l, C o md r. a n d M rs . l V. R . H al l , l fa jor and I ' I r s . S . P. B u d d , L i e n b .-C o m d r.and l {rs. Ffenr y l{ c Dc nald , L i e u t.-C o md r. H .C . F i s c h e r, Li eut. a n d i\ { r s . T . - A . D u r} ra m, L i e u t. a n c l n { rs . J .C. I{ eck, L j eut . and n{ r s . Ge o rg e\V a l k e r, 1 \' { a r.G u n . and X :l rs. E. T . O z abal, A l i s s R n th Be rrn e r, l l i s s R o senrar.y l\fcl{ugh, lliss lf ary Alfred, },Ir. Daniel Morrison ancl l'Ir. and .\{rs. lt)dwards. The gues t s inv i te d to th e re c e p ti o nw h i c h f ol l orved th e dir r ner r ' r ' er e : L i e u t.-C o rn d r. a n d N Irs . Lyl e J. Rober bs ,Lieut . - C o rn d r. a n d l l rs . C . J . Bro w ' n, Mrs. Char les I . [ . S av a g e , ],i e u t.-C o m d r. a n d ]frs . V i ctor Arm s t r ong, Ct r p b .a n d l { rs . T . P. C h e a th a m , C apt. Wr r , lt erM c O Lr , ug h tryC, rrp La. n d Mrs . Al th u r Prrge,j r., Capt . ai' r d A { r s . E rn e s b L . R u s s e l l , C a p t. a n d l { rs. Wi l liar n n' . B ec ke r, L i e rrt. a n d N { rs .E. A . H yl a,nd, T,ieut .and Nf r s . n ' . D . W n l k e r, L i e u t. a n d Mr,.. P .A . Dec k er , Lieut . I ' . J . Pe n n e r, L i e u t. a n d tl rs. Leon I)a nc er , Lieut . an d M rs . Ej l v i n D . Mi l l e r, L i e ut. antl Mrs . A lf r ed I ) ou c e t, C a p t. a n c l N Irs . l l a rry P aul , T,i e ut . and M ls . L a ma r L e e , X frs . J a me sO . ' f:r,yl or, L i eut . anc i [ { r s . W .L . H a rd i n g , L i e u t. a n d M rs .C ar] F. Nfer z .Lieut . A r l, h u r S m a l l , L i e u t A H . Irri c k e , Li eut. a n dl{ r s . A . R. Ha rri s , L i e u t. a n d h Irs .0 .rl { . Il o l man, T,i e ut . and hlr s . C h a rl e sS te n ' a rt, L i e u t. a n d l\{ rs. R . S. V iall, Lieut . R . J . Mu rn fo rd , L i e u t. a n d If rs. A . \\-. I ( r eis er , and E n s i g i r n l rd N Irs . \V ..I. N o l ' i nski . S at ur day night th e o ffi c e rsa n d n -l e no f th e K -13 wet e honor gues t sa t a d a n c e g i v e n b y th e o l fi c ersan< 1 me n of t he Nav a l S ta ti o n Gu a rn , a t D o rn l l al i . Th e hall r v as bea u ti fu l l y d e c o ra te dfo r th e o c casi on;

the fl :rgs of the U ni tecl S tates and of H ol land r ver e hung i n the posi ti onsof i ronor i n the ha]l . October 24, S uncl ay rnorni ng tl i e ofl i cer s of t , he ." nbnrarine \rere i l i vi tecl to j oi n i n the cl ay piger t n - Lieut . .choothel rl at I' i l i . Lt.-C orncl r.van der K un. W ;' tentan and C h.IN ng.r,an der Li r,cl enmat chedt heir ski l l agai nst the LI. S . serl i ce men. Fol l or vins t he shoot, the vi si ti ng offi cersrvere entertai ned nt luncheon b,yGovernor and r\Irs. S hnpl ey, a{ ter which t hey errj oyc' da nrotor l oul o{ t} re i sl arrcl . Li cut. anci nIrs. P .A . I)ecker entertai ne. cl t he visit _ i ng o{Ii cersS undrry eveni ng a.t a formal di n r cr par iy at thci l qnal ters i n I,i ti . The guesi s * ' er e joined l ater i n the eveni rrg b.yal l the o{ fi cersof fhe. island and thei r w i ves {or a ntoonl i ght sr,i mni i ng par t y nt P i ti , antl for a l nte supper party at bhe P al ace. Tl i e vi si ti ng enl i sted l nen \\' ere the E ue st sof t he Gurm C Irrnrb,' rof (' otr:ntercecl uri rrgf,l rcclr y. Tlr e rnen enj oyed a motor tour of the i .sl and,fo llor vedby a l uncheri n arrd beachparty at 1be E l ks' be ach. X l aj cr antl X l rs. S . P . l l url cl gaye a bri d ge- dinner l { onday ri ght at S r-rmayas a cornpi i ment t o Licut . C outtlr' . r' arrtl el l (urr arrrl hi s ofi l tcl s. Tuesda.y,Oct.26, a group o{ < l i nner pa r t ies was gi ven by ofl i cersof A gatra and S umay for tl re visiLor . s, u' i ti r the parti es j oi ui ng l ater ai the Oi fi cers'clLr bf or bri dge and danci ng. The hosts and hostess es and t , he honoreclguestsat bheseparti es rvere: C ol. ant l . M r s. ti eorge O. R ei d l vho enl ertai neclfor Li eut . - Cont dr . van der K un; Li eut.-C omdr. I{. C . Iri scherr vho had C h.E ng. van der Li nder-ras hi s guest; Li eut . ancl X frs. J. C . IIeck entertai rrerlD l . \' eri ng lleinesz; Li eut. and tr{ rs. C arl Ir. Merz had as i hei. st , "si, - wer e Li eut. \\' i l )i nge; and Li eut. and Mrs. D an cer host and hostessto f,i eut. W yl ernan. A r.rothergroup of offi cersand thei r n' i vesen t er t air r ed rvi th di nner \\,' ednestj ayni ght for the vi sit ols, t he prrti â&#x201A;Źs url i ti ng at 8 otcl ocl i for danci l g nt the O f f icer st cl ub. The cl ancew as arrangeclby C npt. ar r d llr s. A dri a,n A l fred. D i nner prrti rs l .el e gi ven by Lieut , C onrdr. and l { rs. H enry l { cD onal d, and Lieut . and l l rs. George\\ral ker. The l fa.ri nes stati oncd at S unra;-w ere host s Tuescl ay eveni ng to nrenrbersof the I(-13 crew at it r lir ) lr ef and moti on pi cture part;r, D nri ng tl .restay of Lhesubrnrl ri nei n port D r . \ r ening $Iei neszw ' asthe hcl useguest of i l {r. D ani el }I r _r r r iso: r , superi nterrdentof tl i e C omrrrerci alP aci fi c C rr . l; le Com prny at S ttntrl Y . The K -l 3 sai l ed Oct. 28 for l l ani l ,r. The offi cers arrd thei r rr,i l es rvho arl i vetl r cr cciiliy aboarclthe IL-q,$. I{ eri cl ersonanclt}re -tl .S .S.'f hor n, - , o l vere entertai necli i y Govcrnor ancl Mrs. i ,.S . Shaple. y at trvo di nrrer parti es hei d duri ng the pnst r nont h. The ti rst affai r l ' as hel cl Ocb. 13 rvi th the f ollowing guestspresent: ],Ii ssR ubl i B enner, l l rs. J: r m esC. ' l ' a,yl ,rr,Li eut. rrr-rcl IIrs. P .A . D ecker, Mi ss Lnr ir enson, l l i ss S ol omon,' C apt. ar.rrlMrs. A rthnr P age,jr . . , Lt . -


NOVF:MI]ER i926

TFIE GUAM RECORDER

Co mdt . F I . C. F is c i re r, IIa r. G u n ' n n c l l i l s . J . D . Sb l rrrper 'lnc , l Lieul. a n d 1 1rs . tr. D . l Ii l l e r. r i d {or: Co v er s 1t lhc c lin n e r [c :]i l O g t. I5 rv e r.cl a X{i ssIiulh I l, er . r nc tii' ,t' s . l l .A . Gl i g s b l ' , l i e u t.-C t. rr:dr' . a n d I- lr s . L. J . Robe l ts , L j e u t. a rrtl Xl rs . A. I)oucet, l Ij -ss l ir " r v in, I { r s . I J o n rtra rd ,L i e trt. a rtc '1i \lrs . H a rdi ng, i \Ir. a nd I I r - c . S . S n ri th , n n c l J l r. fi l t(1i l J l s . O rttn,rrl. IIa j , r r : r nd t r f r s . S . l ' . Il u d d e rrte rta i rrtd tl i th tno d i u n er pnr t ie. <in O c to b e r' . On Oc t.7 th e i r g tresl s rvcreLlr pt . and l{ r ' s . Arth u r l ' a g e ,j r.. C a p t. a rrc i} l rs, Ha rr.y P r r ul, Ca. pt .ln r.l l f rs . W. F . Be c l i e t' ,a n d C rrpi . a n d l I r ' , , . .illnes b L. R u -" s e l l . T h e g tte s tsl a te l atte n d e c lt he r uont hly re c e p ti o tta t tl re I' rl a c c . 'Ih e s ec ond lf f lil u ' a s a t' ri d e e c li n n c i ' . Tl rose p re sent iuc l uded: C o v e rn < ,t'rrr;c trl l r s . L S, S l rapl ey, I{i ss Rut h B enuer , L i e r-rt.-C o rnr't'. l a ;;tl l l rs . II enry McDonalil, lf is s llose rn a ry XIt,F Iu g l r.I-i t rrt. a n d I\Irs. E. A. I ly lanc l, Lieu t. A . [I. l i ' ri c l i c ' ,l tttl L i e u t. R . J. Murrrforcl. L i e ul. er r d M r s . J.C . Ife c k e n te rttti n c ' du ' i th a s mal l d i n n er par t y O c t . 1 9 , p re c e e c l i n gth r-'trri ti g e g a m es at l h e O f if i. c er sctlub. ' Ih e i r g u e s terv e reI (i o v e rn o r ar,cl ,\Irs. L. S . S hapley , l ,' Ii s sR u th B e trn e r, L i e ttt. antl N{rs,P . A . l) ec l< er ,tri d L i e tr.t.I' . J . I' e ttn e r. Dr. and I I r s . Herrry l l c D o n a l d g rv c a d i u rre r' Oct. 1 2 fo r Lieut . and l' ' Irs .J . C . Il e c k , L i c u t. rrrd }Irs. O. M. Holr nal' r , lf is s R o s e n ra ryl l c l { u g h a n c l Jl tncs l {cD onald. A d inner par t y r v a sg i v e n O c l ..2 6 b y D r. a n d trIrs. Ch n rl es S t ew' ar bf or C a p t, a n d IIrs . A c .l ri l n A lfl ccl, Mi ss t r ' I ar yA lf r ec i, l Ir-s . $ x v x g s , I)r. a n c l IJ rs . [,. J. Ro b ei' ls ,and Lieut . a n d l l rs . L a n .ri rrL e e . A r nolning br idg e l u n c h e o u rv a sg i r,e n O c t. 2 l l ry b {rs. L eon Dr nc er at h e r h o me i n A g a n a ,. F o u r t a.bl es we re & r r anged f or th e g a n -re . l l ' h o s ep re s e n t r rere: tr{rs. L S . S hlpley , ,\Irs . } Ic D o n a l d , } i rs . W . J. No rvi ns lr i, i{ r s . G c o rg e \V a l k e r, } [rs .. L a n ra r Lee, Nfrs. J . C. Hec k , X { rs . S .P. i l u d d , l l rs . C n rl F . I l erz, Mrs. C har lesS t er v a l t, l Irs . T .A . D u rh a n t, l { r' s . Harry Prru l , and l' I r s . J an-re C s . T a y l o r. l 'h e S um ay hom e o f I)r. a n d l frs A l fl e d R . Fhrri s rva sthe gc eneof t r v o b ri .l g e c l i n n e rsrc c e n tl l ,,. C iuests a t th e f ir s t af f air rv e re : L i e u t. a n c i 1 ' |rs . [i eol gc l Va l ke r , Lieut . anc l N i rs . C a rl l l e rz , l ,i e u t. rn tl l l rs, L a ma r Lee, I ) r . and i l { rs . C h a rl e sS te rv a rt.a n c iIX nsi gr-r a n d M r s . Nor lins i< i . Co ver sat t he s ec o n da ffa i r O c t. 2 0 w e re : D r'. nnd L Irs. Henly llc Dona l d , D r. a n d l l r-s . Q. J . Brorl n, I)r. anC lf rs. l'. D. Waiker', 1\{issRosenrnr'.r' l{cl:Iugir, L i e u t. - Con: c lr .I { . C . Iri s c h e r, a n d D r. a n d Xi rs . fl .A . I{yland. l 'f rs . Char lesF I . Sa v a g orv a sl ro s te s Ere c e n tl v at t$' o b ri d ge s ullper s . T h c fi r' s t()n e\\' a s l re l d Oc t. 2 3 w i th

2r9

tl i e fol l ow i ng guestspresent: Li eut. and b{rs . P. A. D ecl i er, Li ent. and l l rs. J, C . H eck, L' i eut. and M r s. GeorgeW l i l < er, Li eti t. P .J . Iter.rner,E nsi gn a.ncl. \ I r s, \V . J. N orvi nski and l { r. and i l {rs. E drvards. I' Ier guest,sOcL.27 i ncl ucl ecl : C apt and Mrs. Har r y P aul , Li eut aud i ' f rs Leon D ancer, Li eul . anr l Xfr s. Iramrr Lee, Li eub. and l l rs. C arl F. l {erz, Dr . and IIrs. A l fred R . I{arri s, }i r. D . [][orri .qon, r\fa r . G un. and I{r' s. E . T. Ozabal, ancl C h. R adi o E }ec. an d M r s. Itn.J. S rvi nt. C l i . R a' l i o E l ec. and [Irs R ogerJ. S l i i ni , errter t r ir r ed recei rtl yn' i th an i nfol rnai el eni rg bri dgepi i rtJ' . 1'] ir , r e present rvel e: Li eut. ar,cl IIrs. J. C . H ecl r, Lieut . anci X { rs. Leon l )aucer' , ancl I' a1' C l crk and llr s. (i arrett B oer. 'Il-.elronre of Dr. rr,ndMls. Edrvarcl A. F{yland was N besceneof t\r' o di nner parti es i n Octobcr. Cover s C apt . and at t,hefi rst affai r Oct. 19 rvere i ai d for: fr{ r' s.A dri an A l fl ecl , X {i ssl { aty A l f red, N Ir } IcAllist er , and D r. and } l rs. Lyl e J. R oberts. Li eut. and If rs. (l eorgeW al ker, Li eul . P .J. Penncr , Il i ss D auser, ari d I)r. and }{ rs. H o]man rtere ent er tai neclOct. 26 by the I{ y1ands. A seri esof .l el i ghtful affai rs nere gi ven i n Oct ober by Li eut.-C oni dr. H . C . Il i scher' . C ri pt. ancl X{r s. A dri an A l frerl, Il i ss l l arr' ,\i fred and Li eut an cl M r s. J. C . H ech w ere hi s guestsOct. 5. The seconclpari y w as hel d Oct. 12 rvi th Go ver nor and Mrs. L S S hapl ey, l {i ss P rri thB enner, and Lieut . rnrl l l rs. R . S . V i al l as gucsts. ' i ' hose presenl Oct. I I i rrcl ui l ed: D r, and lI ls. l l enry l { cl )onal d, i \l i ssR osernary' } l cH ugi r, auc lLie ut . rurrd;\[r' s.Ii . D . ]l i l l ei . ' l he l ast of t,he seri es w as l ri .l cl Oci . 26 Covcr s C hrpl rri n antl [{ rs. W . R . l l all, Dr . w ere l ai rl for: and I' Il s. C .J. B row n, Li eut" and IIr' .q ' -[ A D u lbr nr , and C h. I!ng. r' an cl er Li Lrderof rhe Fl ol l and Nav- r '. C l rtpl ai n a.nd r\{rs. IIni l r.:ntertri rr' d rvi th dinner and l Irs. l .l rrrry P au], [Ir. J). ]' l or r iscin, Oct 19 Orr,pt,. tl r-q.Jan.resC Ta.ylor. I-tr. arci lIrs, !-. I). \Vllker', rrr.rdLi eut. tnd IIrs. Lrrmal 'I-ee. O n e o f l h e r - n o s tc l e ii g h i f u ) p a r t i e s o f t l i e n r o n th t r r s ' h a p l r i n a l d l l r s. r b i r t l i c l t y r i i n n e r g i v e r r O c f . 2 ? 1 , '1C \ V . R i {r l l i n h o r r o r o f {, h c i r d a L r g h t e r A l i c e . a g e e i g h t v e a r s , a n t l I I a r 'l < I r {c I ) o n a l t l , s l r o f I ) r a n tl }l r s. I t r i g h t co l o r e cl I : l e r n r '; rl I c I ) o n a l d , n g e s c r e n J e t ) l s . p e p e r l r a t s w e r e d i s t r i b t i t e d : r n r c r r g t h e v c u t i g g tl e sts p r e c e d i n g t h e c l i n n e r n 'l i i c h w i l s s e r v e c l f t t 5 : i l O 'f h e c l t i l c l l e t r l r r i c r a i - t e n d e d t h e mo l i o r r o 'c l o c l r , pictule shotv at, I)olr' itlll. T 'h o s e n 'h , - r a s s i s t e ( 1 A l i c e r n n c l l l l r l k i r r c L r l eb n tt,i n s t h c i r b i r t l . i t l n y s \ 1 'c r e : I ) o l o 1 . i r r -r r n c i 'l 'o n r t t r t ' D n r h n n r , I 'I i l d r e c l S r v i n t , X l r r y B o n i l , B i l i i e a n d B e r , e r i e .y N o n 'i n s k i , J r c k B i o \ r 'n , R u t . h X l l i z r r b e t h R o b e l t , s, Ju n e (iligsbv, C h a , r l e s S ; r v r I 'l e , - l i i r p e r t \ V a i l <e r , f{e l cn . J r . 's e p h i n e a t r c l K , r i l r r " r 'n 0 l r c a t h : r r n , I X i l i s I ) " u p p e l t,


220

THE GUAM RECORDER

P r o llei'blf a rla n, Vic t or Ar nis t r ong, L y n rr L eer,l l ari e \Virlla ce , Iljore nce lr nul. alc l FI elen a rd l ' Ia ry H :rl l . I{allo n e'e n rr . as c elel, r at ed at I ) lir n Hall O c t . B 0 rvitl-r rr lrrrge b nrn danc e at whic h of f ic er s anc l m e ) l o f thc ilarin e corJ; s ac t ec l as hos t s A lar ge c r o r r t i w a s ir-r at,beririance anrl pr.izes ir,ere lru.ar.cierlfttr the best co stu rne s. Refr.es hnr er - r t tsr er e . s er v ed f hr ough o u t t b e ev en ing . The Mar "ine band pr ov ic lt : r l nr us ic f oid a n c i n s .

. A lar ge r nor n i n g b ri c l g e J i :rrty a n c l l u n < ;heonw as g tven O c t . 14 by .\l rs . \V. J . N o w i rs k i . Attrncti vc p riz es wele a*' ard e ,l fo r h i g h s c o re s . $ { rs . N o rvi nsl i i rs g u es ls ir ic lr ided : Il rs . L . S . S h a p l e .y , l Irs. l l .. A . I)u r har r r , M r s E . D _ -IIi l l c r' , tIr.s . Gl o r.g e W al l i er,, l{r1.- Qlrall-esSavnge, }Ir.,s.CJ}11y1.sStervnit, [Ir.s. \f , H{l,^ifgs.-!{enry Mci)orraltl, ,l,lr.q.Carl lr.. }Ierz, 3.. P . B udd, [,Irs J C . H e c k , ]l rs . L e o n D ancer, 1 r! r s .$. L l r s . T , am ar[ , ee , ].Irs . J a me s C . ' Ia y l o r, XIrs.Garreti P,rjr,.l_fll T. -d, Grigsby-, Iirs. Lyle J. Roberts, Ifrs. -F.D W alk er , M r s . C .f. Bro q ' n a ,n c l { " r. H a rry paul . l {rs . I loger J . S r vi n t a n d l { rs . E . T . O z a b a lj o ii reclthe b ridge gt r es t sf or l u n c h e o n . A m ong t he dlin n e r p a rti e s w h i c h p re c e c l e cl the Gor,,'rt) or ' ' Sm o- nt hly re r.e p ti o nh c l ,l O c t..{ i , rr.l so u e gi vr,n hv Mr'. anrl N,[rs.X'red \ri/. Fall. Coversrver.elaicl for.: I,ietrt anc]-Mrs l,anrar.Lee, i\,fr and lfrs. S. R. \,'art_ denberg Mr. anci l,frs C. W. lXdl,arcls, lfrs. Thonras Gri gs b. yand lf r . l i c Al i i s te r. A br ic lgelunc he o n w a s g i v e n Oc t. 2 g b y l ,Irs. E . D . l {i l ler . __T t os e pr e s e n t i n c l u ,.l e tl: } Irs . l i ." A. D ul ham, \\'._E. llall, llrs. Crrll-F. Ilerz, li.*. CuorgJ _N_I-t.., Walk er , lf r s . J . C . T a y l o r a n c l Mrs . \i i . J .-N o rvi nski . Lier " r t .and M r s . Il i i l e r e n te rta i n e d l ,i th a cl i nner p a r t y O c t . 5. Co v e rsw e re l a i (l fo r: G o v e rn or ancl l {tl L. S . S haple y , l { i s s R u th Be n n e r, D ri . a n d i l { rs. l fcDo- nald, M is s R o s e rn a ry n fc H u g h ' a n d Dr. anri X{rs. Lyle J. Roberts. Im pr es s iv e c er e m o n i e sm a r,k e dth t, p re s e n tati onof an An:erican flag and flag pole to school nt Ag ana O c t . 16, T h e c e re mo n i e srv e-q,iieria reh e l d u n d er the d i l e c t io- n of . A ga n a L o c l g e N o . l Z Si , f;. p . O. E . Th r. ughout t he ex e rc i s e stl e s c h o o l c tri i a re n s toocl at a tte nt ion in f r ont o f th e s c h o o l , th r:i r e x c e l l e nt, be_ h a _v iorr ef le- c t ing c re d i t-u p o ntr{ i s sn { a ri a T . G u ti ..r.r, p ri n c ipal of A nigu a s c h o o l . The c om plet e pro g ra n rfo l l o rv s : p. m . , Nav y b a n d rrn d F i rs t a n d F i ftl r cotupa_ .l :3 0 n i e s G uam m ilit ia a s s e n i b l e dc ;rr Pl a z a to rn arch to Ar.riguaschool. 1 :45 p. r n. , A gan a L o d g e N o . 1 2 8 1 , B. I' . O .} ]., as_ se m ble at s c hool. 2 p. m . , ar r iv al o f Go v e rn o r a n c l p a rty . _ Plese_nlatjonof l'lag pole by J. H. Ilnr.lern,ootipast Exa l t er ' lRuier , A g a n a f,o d g e N o . 1 2 g 1 . Ac c ept anc e,l{ is s M a l i a ? . Gu ti e rre z , p ri n c i p nl . Pray er , R. V . B a rrn e rs , c h a p l n i n , Ag rrrrrL o d ge.

NOVEMBER 1926

Fl ag rai si ng_by r\gana Lodge N o, 12g1 Nat ional ; amthem pl ayed by N rrvy band. S ong, " A nreri catt by audi ence. D epal ture of Goverrror. h{aj or and fuIrs. S . P ..l l ucl d gave a di nne r par t y in i-ronor of the C aptai n ancl ofl i cei sof the H o lland sub_ tnari ne K -l 3, at thei r home i n S urnay Oct. 2 b. Those present rvere: Li eut.-C omdr. van der K u n, Eng. _ Li eut. van S rrndw yl <and , C h. E ng. r,on .l u, Linden of tl re l Jutch N avy-; Gor.ernorand Mrs L. S . Sha, pley, Il i ss R uth B euner, C ol. and nt.s. C . C . Reicl, anci Li eut. an(l N { rs. R . S . \ri al l . 'llre jon gave an enjoyable _ !luirui 'I'eachers, Farervel lP al ty at the B i.A.sscciat l j bi c S " ht,ol i ,our.' l n hir no, of tleir departing nrernbers, I\{rs. [durie] C"ra.r, iilii. E i l eel r C orderancl l :{ i ssE thel Gi l db" rg. i h" buit ding rrns l r,eauti ful l ydecornteclrvi th festoi ns of chain o] l ove fl oners ancl t,ropi cal greens. B esi cl esa lar ge attenclance.o{ guests, the affair .rva"honor.ed btt;; plese-nceo-f_Congressrlran Oliver and party, Governol ancl Mrs. S hapl ey and C hapl ai n ancl l { rs. i Ia ll.

U.S.lVlarines Entertain Hollanders _On l ' uesday eveni ng, October 26th., 1 926, t he l-{ ari nes of the S umay B arracks entertai r:ed eigLt een rnembersof the crew of the N etherl and S u bm ar ine K -13 at supper, fol l ou.eclby a band con cer t ancl movi es_,..rvi th D ougl a.sFai rbarks i n ," The Thief of tsagdad" . . T'r'r'olarge sea turtles were secured ancl the follorv_ rng' menrl w as prepared: ' l urtl e S oup R i pe Ol i ves Turtl e. S teak lvlashedPotatoes Boilecl pumpkin ' A sparagus Ti ps i n B utter S auce C ombi nati on S al ad ni th French D ressing H ot R ol l s Presert'es P each P i e Ice C rea m Co{Iee C i gars C i garettes I,iberty tsrew A f t e r s u p p e r , s o n e o f t h e H o l l a n d e r s E r e r e e _ sco r te d t o t h e a v i a t i o n h a n g a r w h e r e t h e l . i n s p e c te d o u r s e a p l a n e s , w h i c h t h e y t e r n r e d , " T h e f l , i r r g sh i p s". Those of them lvho sarv the planes s.'ere very much i m p r _ e s s e da n d e x p r e s s e d t h e i r r e g r e t t h a t t h ey co u !1 1 n o t h a v e p a i d t h e i r v i s i t d u r i n g t h e d a y , a t w h i ch t i l n e a n o p p o r t u n i t y m i g h t h a v e b e e n a f i o r d e d to ta ke thenr for a "Floo". After of c r ; n c Ju c.i e db y . i nrge s , t h- een tgeur teasitnsn r e r t , t h e _ m o v i "nog " p, -i"cnt u d e p a r t e d t o r e tu r n t o t h e i r s h i p a n d t e n p o r a r y h o m e , 'z u s c h l a fe n a h e r z u a r b e i t e n '. A g o o d t i m e w a s h a d b 1 ' a l l a n c l w e h o p e t ha t th e y eljol'ed..their visit as nrtrch as \\:e enjoyecl fr"o,ini i n e m \ \ '1 t i l h s .


NOVEMI]ER 1926

22t

THE GUAM RECORDER

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION NOTES Th e r epor t of t he H e a d o f D e p a rtn re n t o f E d ucati o n g iv es t he f ollo rv i n g d a ta fo r th e mo n th o f S epte mb e r : The general average of attendance in twenty-tr,vo sch o oisof t he is lan d w a s 9 6 ,8 9 % . T h e h i g h e s t avera g e o f at t endanc e i n a n y o n e s c h o o l , $ ' a s th at of Bi l i b i c wit h 99. 64% , a n d th e l o w e s t a v e ra g e w a s the Ag a n a, A nr er ic an s c h o o l , t_ .i thg O .+ Z % . Du ring t he m onth th e re w a s s e rv e dto th e school ch i i d ren f r om t he Ag a n a S c h o o l K i tc h e n , 9 ,0 5 2 cups o f sonp. T he Dis t ri c t S c h o o l so f Sa n An to n i o , D ed e d o , A s an and M e ri z o a l s o h a v e th e i r S c h o o l K i tche n s, and s er v e s oup to th e s c h o c l c h i l d re n d u ri n g the n u tri t ion per iod. A c h a rg e o f o n e c e n t i s ma de for a cup of soup, and the proceeds from these sales are credited to the Pupils' and School Fund. The report sh o w s t hat t he S c ho l a rs ' h i pF u n d , h a s $ 1 1 4 .0 5o n deposit, this fund is available for necessary use of nati'i'e students studying in the United States. The new building uncler construction for the ind u strial c las s esin ca rp e n try , w i l l b e o f s u ffi c i e ntsi ze to a ccor nm odat eall c l a s s e sfo r th e p re s e n t. T h e coustru ct ion r v or k on th i s b u i l d i n g i s b e i n g d o n e b y the De p ar t m ent of E d u c a ti o n c a rp e n te rs , a s s i s ted by b o ys fr om t he I nt erme d i a te S c h o o l . The presentation of the school flag pole and flag, a n d the I r lag Raisi n g Ex e re i s e s c o n d u c te d b y the l o ca l lodge of E lk s ' , o n th e 1 6 th . o f Oc to b e r , w as q u i te an ev ent at t h e An i g u a S c h o o l . T h e Navy Ba n d . ac c om paniedb y tw o c o m p a n i e so f th e Guam I\Ii l i ti a m ar c hed t o t h e s c h o o l b u i l d i n g a n d to o k pai t i n th e ex er c is es . P a s t E x a l te d R u l e r J a me sH . IIncl e rwood,of A gana L o d g e N o . 1 2 8 1 , R P. O . E l ks presented the flag-pole and flag to the school in a very appropriate and patriotic address. Miss Maria T., Gutierrez, llne Principal of the school, .replied, accepting the gift in wetrlchosen wcirds,' in behalf of th e com m unit y , t he : te a c h e rsa n d p u p i l s . T h e fl ag was raiseclon the new pole while the brinil plaved the Na ti onal A nt bem . T h e e x e rc i s e sc l o s e dw i th a D raver b y th e I . odgeChapl a i n a n d th e s i n g i n g o f " A m e rica" by the school children ,and others pre-sent. Among th o se pr es ent , wer e : Go v e rn o r a n d Mrs . Sh aptrer' , Ai d e t o t he G ov er n o r, L t. -l. C . I{ e c k , U . S . N avy, a n d M r s . Hec k , He a d o f D e p a rtm e n t o f E d u c ati on, Ch a plain W , R. Ha l l , U . S . N a v y , a n d N Irs . Hai l , a n d the S uper int en d e n to f S c h o o l s , M rs . Es th e r l vf. Ri d d l e. Th e pupils of t he Gu a m In s ti tu te w e re g i v e n the sta n d ar d ac hiev eme n t te s ts rrh i c l r s h o rv e d th a t the work of tlris private school was very satisfactory. Th e tes t s indic at e d th a t th e c h i l d re n i n th e Thi rd Gra d e wer e as f ar ad v a n c e da s Ame ri c a n c h i l d ren of th e sa m e age. Ed u c at ion m eans to l e a d o r b ri n g o trt o f th e c hi l d th a t w hic h is I N t he c h i l d . I<l eal educ at ion i s s h o w n i n th e k i n rl e rg arten, wh e re c hildr en lear n a s th e y s i n g a n d p l a y .

TOANNEXATION OPPOSED The subj ecbof the rcportcd resol uti on to b e pr escutcd to the l ' } hi ti ppi neI{ ouse of R epresentat ivest o ask the Prcsident and t,he Congress of the United S tate-qto ccde the Isl and of Guam to the P hilippine Govel nment, came beforc the Guam C hamber of C onrmerceat the regul ar monthl y meeti ng o f t hat body, October 2d. 1926. A fter consi derabl edi ..cttssi onupon the mat t er . a resol uti on w as unani mousl y adopted w here by t he C hamber w ent on record as bei ng ernphat.i callyopposed to such a ri di cul ous requcsi shl ul d th er e be the l east possi bi l i tv of any noti ce bei ng taken of t he mattcr. The Govel nor of Ouam has been,i nfor m ed of the acti c)n by the C harnber of C ommerce and a staternent to the effect that i ts membersdo no t want to be annexed to the Govet' nment of the P hi lippine Islantls in any f orm whatsocver, has been forwardecl to hi m, and they earnestl v requcst that he again takc up the subj ect of natural i zati on l aw s for t he peopl e of Guanr.

Called Out FireDepartment

:

The Agana Fire Department turnecl out wit.h their usual promptnesson the 29th. of October, i n ansr ver to an al arm frotr the J. K . S hi mi zu property. The f,re,rvhich started in a rrew copra dryer, did not prove to be seri ous and rvas soon under control of t he chernical squad from the l'Iarine Barracks.

in Guam A NewYork, Tl re U ni tecl S tateshas rrothi ng on Guaru i n having a Nerv York to be proud of. C hi ef N {achi ni st' s l rvl ate,U . S . N avy, F. R , Yor k, and Mrs. Y ork, announce the arri val oI a "New Y ork" i n Guam. The young man of ni ne pounds, becomea nremberof the Y ork fami l y on the 2 4t h. of . October. ' l he mother, father and baby are doing n' el l .

of Mrs.Pomroy Death - Mrs. A na P onrro5r,zrr Guti errez, w ho w as mar r ied on Jui y l 6th to H arry P omroy, passedfrom th is 1if e, after a l rri ef i l l ness, on the eveni ng of October 26t h. ,ess tl ran four' tnonths ago she becarnea happy, smi l i ug bri cl e and rvasthe subj ect of the n' i shes f or a l ong and happy l i fe frorn her host of fri ends. Cn t be afternoon of tlie tx'ent)'-se'r'enthsbe'tras buried frcnr the same chtrrch in n'hich she had bben married such a short ti me ago. A t the ti me of l rer death s lie was Lruttrventl ' r' earsol d. The buri al servi cen' as performed by the R ever end A . T,. I,uttrel l i n the B apti st N l i ssi on,. The se r t 'ices n' ere beatrti ful and i nrpressi veanrl the vccal solo by I{rs. W . R . H al l w as exqui si tel ;r rendered and was l nost appropri ate. F' rour the Mi ssi ol to the Cer netery the rernai nsw ere escortedb5t a l arge num ber of rel ati r-esand fri ends. ' husband an< 1to her bereavecl To the stri cken parents and rel ati res are extendeclour mosi sincer e s1' ntpatl rl ' an.dconcl oi ence'


THE GUAM RECORDER

222

TESTED RECIPES ANDDOMESTIC SCIINCE HINTS .

By Mrs. Nagle

ChrisimasFruit Cake.-- 'lrvo cups sugar, two cupn bur,ter, eighb eggs, .tri'o pr'runclsraisins, one pound cu r r *nt s , one- i ra l l p o d n tl c i tro tr, o n e -h a l f pound i i gs , one pounrl s h e l l e d c h o p p e d , n u ts , fo ur i arge ch oppec l,apples , o n e -h a l f c u p o { m o l a s s e s,one oup m ilk , one c up brrrn c l y(i f p o s s i l l l e ),tw o te a spoonful s b rr k ir r gllor v dr , r,t,\v ote :rs p o o rrfu les l c h o f c i rrnamon, cl ov es and nut nre g , s i x a n c l o n e -h a l f c u p s of fl our, si f t , ec l: Cleam th e b u tl e r a n d a d c i th e s u gar gradu a ll. y . A r l, l t , be b e a te n y o l k s o f e g g s , mo l a ssesand o n e- hllf of t he fl o u r ru i x e c l rv i th th e b a k i ng porvd e r . S if t t lr r ee l ,i me s . T h e s n i c e ss h o u l d be si ftecl rr. it h t he f lour . N e x t n d d th e b rtn d .y (o r fl re same i l m ounL of gr ap e j u i c e ). ' I' h e n n d ti tb e re st of the fl o ur t o r v hic h t h e c h o p p e enl u t.qa n d fru i t h a ve been a d dec.l F olr l jn th e rv l ri te so l e g g s , s ti ffi y beaten. Llave a greasetlbake prrrriiuecl rvitli stiff paper (two o r t hr ee linings ). Il tl i e th re e h o u rs i n a n ' ro deratel y h o t ov en. T he a b o v e re c e io f rn i rk e s a del i ci ous fru it c ak e. I ha v e te s te c li l ri s c rl < e n ra u y ti nres. P lumP udding( R o y a C l h ri s tma s ).-T rv oc u p so f rai si ns, tl o c ups eur r an ts , tl v o c u p s s u e t, o n e -h a i { ctrp al rnonds, blanched, tlo cups llour, trvo cups grated bread, one-tralf cup eztchol citron, orange and lernon p e el, eight eggs , o n e c u p s u g a r, o n e -h a l f c u p cream, o n e gill eac h of rv i n e a n d l :ra n d y (i f p o s s i b l e), one l a lge pinc h oI s a lt, o n e ta b l e ." p o o e n x tra c to f nutnreg, l- l/2 teaspocnfuls baking polvder. Put in a large bowl se eded r ais ins , c u rra n ts , n ' a s h e da n d p i c k e d, snet ch oppedv er y f ir ' e , a l mo n c l .qc, u t fi n e , c i tro n , orange n n c l lem on peel, c h o p p e c l ,s u g a r, u ,i n e , b ra ndy und (x' ealr ; las t ly ad d th e fl o rrr, s i fte d , n ' i th b a k i ng pow cl er . M ix all w e l l to g e th e r, p u t i n a l a ,rge,-i vel l b u t t er ed nolc l, a n d s e t i n a s c u c e p a n rv i th boi i i ng .wat er t o r eac h u p o n e -h a l f o f th e s i d e so f th e mol d. Steamf or f iv e hou rs , th e n c a re fu l i y tu rn o u t o n a di sh. Nes s elr ode P ud d i n g .- On e p i n t o f rn i l k , trv o tabi esp oons f ulof v an i l l a , a n d 1 /zc n p o f g ra n u J l teclsugar. L e t boil, r em ov e fro m fi re a l rc l p o u r v e r), sl ow l y, sti r r ing all t he t im e , o v e r th e b e a te ny o l l < so f fi r' eeggs. Be at unt il c ool. T h e n :rd tl o u e -{ o u rthp o u n c lof nracaro ons , t hlee- f ou rth s c u p o f ra i s i n s , o rre -tb i r d box of g e lat ine s oak edi n a l i ttl e w a te r (s tra i n th e g el ati ne) and the n'hipped whites of eggs. Place in mold. Se r v er v iih c r eam (w h i p p e d c re a m i f c o n v e n i ent). J elly Roll. - T h re e e g g s , o n e -h a l f c u p fi n e sugar, o n e- half c up of f l o u r, o n e -h a l f te a s p o o n fu lsal t, and o n e- halft eas poo n fu lv a n i l l rr. Be a t th e e g g sv ery l i ght. Si f t t he f lour , t he b a k i n g p o w d e ra n d th e s a l l to gether. Ba l< equic k ly in a l a r.g e ,l v e l l -g re a s e d p a n . ' lurn the bal<edcal<eout of the pan on a cloth; sprearl l.it| j e lly . while hot a n c l ro l l i m n re c l i a te l y ,u s i n g t he cl oth to hold it . Do n o t m a s h th e ro l l . T h e rv o rk must b e done quic k ly o r th e c a k e w i l l b re n l i i n ro l l i ng. G oloubs t(i Russ i a n ).- l { i n c e tw o p o u n d s o f beefnntl n ti x r v it h t wo r ol l s s o a l i e di n rn i i k , o n e te a s p o onfulof sn lt and t n' o egg s . Of th i s m i x tu re fo rm ri s sol esancl rvr ap eac h one irr a l rrrg e fre .q h e th b n g e l e a f, t.yi ng e a c h s ec ur elywit h c o l i o n s e w i rrgth re n d . P l ace tbe

NOVEMI]ER 1926

ri ssol esi n a doubl e boi l er rvi th three oni ons, one pint of mi l k or cream and sul fi ci ent stock to cover t he ri ssol es. S tervi n the doubl e boi l er for abou t an hour . The gol oubsti i s ready rvbenthe cabbagel e aveshave l ost thei r fresh col or. R emol e the cotton thr ead f r om the cabbagei eavesbeforeservi ng. Hot Water Sponge.Cake.- Trvo eggs, three-fourtlis cup of sugfl r, one-hai f cup o{ hot rvater , one- half tabl espooufull i ure or l emon j ui ce, one cup f lour , one and one-hri l f teaspottnful sbal i i ng pow cl er, one- half teaspo< rnful of sal t. B eat the yol ks of the e ggsunt il l i ght and add hal l of the sugar, tl re rvater, t he liur e j ui ce and the rest of the sugar' . Fol d i n th e whit es of the eggs :.rndthe fl otrr, si { ted w i th the bakine pol vdcr. P our thc mi xture i nto a cake pan n'ell greasedand l i netl rvi th greaserlprper' . Bake in a model ate oven uuti l l i ght brorrn. FrenchPuffs.- Beat tl'o eggs, with one-half teaspoonful of sal t, to a froth.' A dd enough f lour t o make a sti ff dough. B reak ofT pi eccs of dough ns l arge as a l val nut aud rol l very tl ri n and roun d. I lave ready a fryi ng pan of l i oi l i ng fat. Take the piecesof noul d a dough nut wit lr roi l ed dough and fry as -you out turni ng. W hen a l i ght brow n, pl ace on a plat t er and spri nkl e w i th sugar. The;' are ni ce to eat wit h a sal ad rvi thout sugnr. Spanish Cream.- I)is.qoh'e one-tlrird of a box of gel ati ne i n three-fourths of a' quart of nri l k f or one honr. P ut on the stove anrl, rvhen boi l i n g, st ir in the yol ks of three eggs beaten w i th one cup of sugar . W hen boi l i ng hot, remove fro6 15. fi re a nd st ji. in the ' n' hi tesof the eggs, w el l beaten. Fl a vor r vit h Iemon or vani l l a, pour i n mol d and put on i ce. Ser ve rvi th boi l eclcu-qtardor.qneetcrenm. LemonFrappe.- E i eht l ernons, one quart of sugar , one qurrt each of col ciand boi l i ng l ' ater' . Shar e t he peel frorn si x l enronsi n the thi nest pari ng possible, bei ng careful not to take any of the rvhi te sliin of t lr e l ernon. C over the pari ngs w i th t,he boi l i ng n'at er , l etti ng them stanclfor' fi fteenrni nutes,cl oselycor er ef l. S queezethe j ui ce from the ei ght l emons and pour on the col ci' w ateranclthe n' al er Irorn the Iemon pnr ings. A dd the sugar. S trai n and fi eeze for fi v e or t en nri nutes, or unti l the l i ttl e prrti cl e.sof i ce begin t 6 form. If i t i s to .qtanclfor someti mebeforeit iJt o lr e used, sbi r fronr the si cl esof tl re can oceasi o nnlll'. C ream.- S trai n fre.rh mi l k i nto r lnr ge, D evonshi re qhal l orv pan and l et i t stand for trventy-foul hour s. P l acethe pnn, cl i sturbi ngrhe mi l l <as i i ttl e as possible, over a l < ettl eof boi l i ng- r' ;aterand l et i t renr ain unt ii w ei l scnl ded,but i t tnust not boi l . ' l ake up tir c cr ennr rvi th a sl i i rnmer. Thi s i s very ni ce to se r ve wit lr appl e cl urnpl i ngsor rvi ttr a.ppl epi e. E ngl i shP l um P uddi ng.- One an:l one-l ralf eups r , f mol asses, one cl l p of mi l l < , tro eggs, ond cnp of choppedsuet, one cup choppei l rai si t.ts,orre- hnllcull currnnts, one-l ral fcup ci tron, one teaspoo nf ulsocla, one teaspoonfulsnl t, A dtl one teaspoonfulcinnanr on, one-hal f ntrtrneg, and one tabl espoon{ulo f vanilla. S l erm.three or four hours. S ervehot rvi th n' ine sauee. (The dough shoul clbe ns sti fi as cnl < ecl ough) .


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223

THE GUAM RECORDER

RECIPES FOR COOKII\'IG BANANAS Ba nanaP ie. - S li c e th i n . e rro u g h b e n a n a s for ouc p i e . M ix one- f o u r[i r c u p fu l s u g & r, ]i tti e s a i t, onc ta L r les poonf ulor an g e o r' l e m o n j u i c e , u n d s l rreadhai f cf this on iir c pie c ru s t. D c f rv i th ta b l e s poorrful b u tt er ' , t hc l pub i ;r a i a ,J .eor f b a u a n a s a n d repcat. Co ver *' it h a t op c n rs b a n d b a k c q u i c k l y . Ba nanaCus t ar dPi e .-} ,l a s h a n d s tr.a i n trv o b ananas, a d cl t r v o r v c ll beLr tc ne g g s , tn c i rv h i p to g e tl i e r unti i l i g b t and f r ot liy . A rl c l o n c -h a l f c u p fu l o f s u g ar' ,oue p i l t ht t l r niik , a lii ti e s a l t, a n c l c i ri u a rn o no r v ani l l a. Ba k e ir r onc c r us t , . Ba nanaF iilings .- h { a k c a fi l l i n g s a rn e a s for nut e n d r ais il f illilg, o u ri tti n g rru i J u rrrl ra i s i n s arntl ci o u bling t hc r ec i p e . P u t b e tw e c n l a ,y e rs c f cake a n cl c ov c r wit h t h i n s l i c e so f b a n a rrs . I-ro s t the top wi th r er naining m i x tu re . BananaF iliingF o r C a k e .- l l i x o n e -fo u r{ ,hc u pful of su g a i' and glat ed l i n c l o f o n c o ra rg e . Adcl si x ri i a s hec i banar r as . W h i p w h i tc s c f tr,v o e g g s and beat rni:<turcinto it. Wtripped crcarrrrlny bc used i n p lac e of eggs . Ba nanaChar lot t e .-S o a ko n e -q u a rtc r b o x o f p ul veri ze d gelat ine in on e -rl u a rte r c u p fu l o f c o l d water. Ch i ll and r v hip on e p i n t o f d o u b l e c re a m . S p ri nkl e o ve i ihe c r ear n on e -h a l f c u p fu l o f p o rv d e re d sugar a n d one t eas pc on fu l o f o ra n g e e x tra c t. D i s sol ve g e l a t ine in a qr - ra rte rc u p fu l o f b o i l i n g rv a te r anrl wb e n c ool s t r ain it i n to th e c re a rna n d rv h i p . W he n n e a rl- vs t if f , pour i n i o trv o -i p i;e n te lrn e do,l d s rv l i i c h have b e e n linec l r v ibh b a n a n e s , c u t i n hal ves l e n g t hr v is eanc l s h a p c d to th e d c p th o f t,h errrol ds. Ba nanaT oas t . - C r.rta n o b l o n g l o a f o f s ta l e sponge e a l < ein half - inc h s l i c e sa n d to a s t to a c l e l i c a tebi ow n. Pe e l f ully r ipe ban a n a s , c u t i n s n ta l l p i e c e sr vi th a si l ver k nif e, and a d d ta r.t j e l l f i n th e p l o p o rtion of a ta b lc s poonf ul t o e a c h b :rn a n a . R u b th ro u sh a h a i r s iev e ol beat u ,i th a s l ro o n to a .q mo o th p u1cn. He e p on 1, het oas t s l i c e s ,m a s k rv i th w l ri p p e d creanr, sp ri nk le r v if h por l' d e red s u g a t' a n c sl e rv ei rn rn e d i atel y. . Ba nanaS ponge. -S o a ko n e ta b l c s p o o n fu l o f g el ati ne i n o n e- f our t h c upf u l o f c o l ti w a te r fo r fi v c rn i nutes. Sti r a nd c oc k one c u p l rrl b a n a n a 1 tu l p ,j u i c e of ha]f a l e mon, ant l one-h e l f.c u p fu l o f s u g a i u n ti l b oi l i ng, a n d a dd gelat ine. Pl a c e i n i e c rv a te r, a n d u ,hcn l t b e g i ns t o s et . f old i n th c s ti i fl r' h e r{ e n s ' h i tc s cf t$.o e q g -s . P our int o_mo rrl c la rrd p l a c c o n i c e . S p r i nkl e wi th one doz en c ho p p e c ln u ts . Ba nanaP uf f s . - O n e c u p fu l o f rl u g l r, o n e c u pful of floLir, one teaspoonful of haking pcrortlcr,three egg;s a n d one- quar t er cu p fu l o f c o l d w fttc f.. l l i x n,nd sti r in t hr ee banan a s , p e e l e d rn rl s l i c c d tl ri r:. H al f fi l l b ut t er ec l c us t a rd c u p s ; s te a l u o n e h o rrr; scrve wi th lem on s auc e. BananaBlanc Mange.-Dissoi -ie thlr:e tablcsrroon f uls o f co r n s t ar c h in a h a l f c u p frrl o f c o l d w a tc tr,a rl d to o n e quar t boiling rn i l k , a n d w i ro n i t th i c l ;c n s arl ,l o n e -half c Lr pf ul of s u g a r a n d th rr:c b a n a l n s r vhi ch have been presseil through a sic','c. Thcn ar_lCtlie stiffiy rvhipped whitc of an egg.

ANDCIIEWOFTHE GUAMI/{ELCOMES THECFFICERS "K-Xili". f.'IETHERLAI'iD SUBMARIfiE, T h e N e t h e r l a n d S u b m a r i n e H r . X {s . " K - XIII", a r r i v e d a t t h i s p o r t a t 8 : 0 0 a . r n . , 'I 'h u r s d a y Octo b e r 2 1 s t . , a f t e r a v e r j ' t i r e s o m e a n c l u n e v e n t f u l vo 1 'a g s of eighteen days frorn Honoluiu. T h e K =X I II, l e ft R o t t e r d a m , I J o l l a r r c l , o n t h e 5 t h . o f N {a 1 ', a n d a fte r c a l l i n g a t t h e A z o L e s , a n d p o r t s i n t h e We s t In d i e s, p a s s e d t h r o u g h t h e P a n a u r a C a n a l a n d p r c c ee cte d to 'f h e n e x t p o r t o f c a l l x , a s Ii o n o San Francisco. l u l u , a n d t h e n t h e l o n g e s t y o ] 'a g e o f a l l , t o Gu a n r , a d i s t a n c e o f 3 , 3 2 0 n r i k : n 'i t h n o t h i n g i n s ig h t b u t t h e b r o a d P a c i f i c o c e a n u n t i l t i r e g r e e i r h i g h la n d s o f G u a m c o m e i n t o v i e q '. A f t e r a s t a y o f s e v e n d a ys the K-XIII, s a i l e d f o r t h e i s l a n c i o f Y a p , a n d vr i 1 l t h e n c o n t i i i u e o n h e r j o u r n e l ' t o X l a n i l a , a r r d th e :n ce t o i r e r s t a t i o n i n t b e D q t c h E a s t I n d i e s , w h e r e th e officers and crew lviil ren:ain on dnty for two and a h a l f y e a r s b e f o r e r e t u r n i n g t o l {o 1 l a n d . D u r i n g t h e i r s t a y a t t h i s p o r t , t h e o f f c e r s an d n te n e n j o l . e d a m u c h n e e d e d r e s t a f t e r i b e i r e i g h t e e i r d a ;'s Exce p of confinement upon such a srnali vessel, tionally good lveatirer u'as experienced on this vcyage i t n o t b e i n g n e c e s s a r y t o c l o s e t h e l 'r a t c h e s b u t cn e d a y d u e t o b a d r n 'e a t h e r , a n d t h a t 'i l a s t h e d a y o f their arrival at this port, A f t e r a i l o v v i n g t h e c r e \ ! a f e n ' c l a J t s t c r est, th e G u a m C h a m b e r o f C o n r n t e r c e a r r a n g e d a d a v s e n te r t a i n m e n t f o r t h e m . T h e c o u r m i t t e e a p i r o i n t e d b y th e C h a u r b e r r n e t t h e e n l i s t e d p e r s o n n e l a t t h e l an r l i n g , o n S u n d a y m o r n i n g , O c t o b e r 2 4 t h . , a n d t o ok th e r n f o r a f i f t y m i l e d r i v e i n a u t o r n o b i l e s t o t h e va r i o u s points of interest, which included the lillage of S u r n a y , a d r i v e t h r o u g h t 1 . r er v e l l k e p t g r o u n d s o f th e C o m m e r c i a l P a c i f i c C a b l e S t a t i o n , a v i s i t to ti r e A v i a t i o n S t a t i o n , a n d a d r i v e t h r o r i g h t h e g r o u n cl s o f t h e U . S . \ {a r i n e P o s t o n S u i n a y l i e i g h t s . t l i e n o n to A s h o r t s t o p u 'a s m a d e a t t h e I i l ks C l u b Agana. r,r'here light ref reshtnents u,ere sert'ecl. T h e p a r t l ' t h e n l e f t l o r Y l i g , t h e r o a d p a ssi n g ' n c l p i c t u r e s q u e s e c t i o n o f t h e i sl a n cl o\:er a very hi111a o n tlie other side. 1 'h e r e t t : r n d r i l e to the ocean A g a n a , a n c l t o T u u r o u R a y a i r cl continued through C l u b , n 'h e r e a s u b s t a n t i a l l i i r r ch e o n tire Elks Beacii T h e v i s i t o r s e n j o y e d t h e i r s t a l' a t th e s 'a s s e r l 'e d . p h o t o g r a p h s , o t h e r s e n g a g e cl i n t a k i n g beach, some p i t c l i i n g g a r n e i r o r s e s h o e s , r r l r i l e sti l l o f a spirited j u s t e a l i n g c o c o t t uts a tl d a n d e n j o v e r J r e s t e c l others s c e l i e r ) '. T h e 1 r a r tl ' o f t r o p i c a l t a l g l e t h e vier,ving a i t e r n o o n a n d al l r ve r e i n t i r e l a t e A g a n a t o returned p r o f u s e i n e x p r e s s i o n s c f c l e l i g h t a t t h e r l l r - s o i r ti n g , a n d v o t e d i t t h e b e s t t i m e i h e - \ 'b l c l e n i o l - e cl a t r r tl ' port since leaving Holland.

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224

NOVEMBER 1926

REDCROSS AMERICAN CHAPTER REPORT OFTHI GUAM FIi'IANCIAL 1926 T030JUNE 1 iuLY1925 CLess

Crrs hbr lanc e on h rrrtd 1 J u l .y 1 9 2 5 i n B e n k o f Guam

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$529.32

I 'o 'r . r r ,

$2168.24

$2697.56

R IICI TP'I'S:

1500.00

I lr or n Cl: r , s s" Bt' a c c o u n t Collec t ed- An n u a i R o l l C a ]l D e c e mb e r1925 )) )t Collec t ec l" Ap ri l 1 9 2 5 " B" I nt er es l on d e p o s i [s ,to J u n e 3 0 , 1 925 I nt er es l on " B" d e p o s i ts ,to l )e c e m b e r 3 l , 1925

353.00

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T o ta l re c e i p ts T o ra r

396.95

9.50 30.21 51,15'7 :OeT.st

23?8.0? s3 $.50;5

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1500.00

' f o c liief of I n c i r" rs tri efo s r ty p l i o c ,nre l i e f T r ans f er r edto C l a -" s" A tt rc c o u n t S er v ic esof s cb o o l n u rs e T o Cnnc lelari oC a m a c h o l a b a n i a Ren.itr , t anc eto N a ti o na l If e a c l q u a rte rs

1ir00.C0 137.15 20.00 o/+.D D

$-2oti.8i Goo-.oo

T o ta l e x p e ri di b u re s B a rrx c o s o s H a N n 3 0 J u N n I grZG

360.01

118:t.81

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J L TN IOR R E D C R OS S Crrs hbalanc eon h a n d l J u l v 1 9 2 5 . In Ba n k of Guam C l ass " A "

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?93_S!

Torer, oN HAND eNo Rncpryno

486.13

EXP E NDI T I - R] I S : S er v ic esof s c h o o l n u rs e S upplies ( Ch ri s tm a s p a c k a g c s ) D e c e mb erI925

202.85 3.69 206.54

T o ta l X J x p e n d i tu re s '

$279.59 $18r &41

Blr,eNcn on I{,rxo 30 JuNn 1926 Torar, Ber,,s.NcD oN HAIiD 30 Junn 1926

ANALYSIS OF' BALANCE: In Bank of GuamJunior ReclCross-

Clasg"A" account ,,8" account "At' account

$360.01 ,1183.81 1b43.82 279.-og 182&41

8 October1926. Autlitedthis clate, Cashbalances verifieclarrclfounclcortect. I,T]ONDANCER (SC),U. S. Navy Lieutenrrnt,


NOVI:iMIlER 1926

THI] GUAM RECORDER

F{{RES OHO HTR"HS -AND GtrT THE GENUINE

ROOT''BEER TI{E NICEST DRINK cf the trARTY

It{everwasa chiidyet that didn't like }{ires. And the bestpart of it is that Hires is good for them---made up of health-creating roots, barks and berries scientificallyand sanitarily prepared. Euy it by the case.

Exclu.;ive

Bottlers for the trsland of Guarn

225


THE GUAM RECORDER

226 B'9.'9.'9..8'.f,'.E'9..8"9.'9,'9..8"9.'9.'g..a.,a'.9.9'l S ar ' ^r r n^r - -

THE cuAM PRESS

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Designers and Producers of GOOD P R T N T T N O

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F. SuzukiTailor NIi\R

AI' 1.I,ER' S ltAT\

STORts;

Navy and Marine Corps Uniforms And Civilian Suits Our Speeialty. Hemstitching Enough Lot 567

Said T e le p h o n e 106L

J. K. SHIMIZTJ WHOLESALI1 rsn RET.{IL

Your attention is invited to our shipment, from Japan, of Beads, Toys, Cigarette Cases,etc,

Prices Reducedin all Departments.

1

NOVEI\TBER 1926

MEMOIRS OFDONFELIPE DELA CORTT'S ELEVEN YIARSAS GOVERNOR OF GUAM 1855-1866 (Continud

frant page 216)

t h e r a t s m z r k e t h e i r a p p e a r a n c e i n h o r c l e s l i ke l o cu :ts, a thing unhearrl of here, I\{any of the farnrers are \.er-v lazy and careless ancl rvhen askecl if the_v-har.e a good crop often repl3. that "the rats baye annili/ated it," using these ver1, words, b u t n o r e a s o n a l ; l v i n d u s t r i o u s c u l t i v a t o r s u fl i r s fr o n i such disasters. V , i e f e a r t h a t i n t h i s n r a t te r ce r ta i n a u t h o r s o f p r e v i o u s d e s c r i l r t i o n s o I t h e N {a r i a u a s h a ve b e e n m i s l e c l c o n c e r u i n g t h e c a u s e s b e h i u c l th e r e su l ts tlrel' hntl rvitnessed. O n t h e i s l a n c l a r e a l s o f o u n d s e r - e r a 1 sp e ci e s o f s m a l l h a r m l e s s 1 i z a r c l s ,i a r g e s p i c l e r s a n d n r a r y n .i u g e d i n s e c t s , i n c l u r ) i r : g r o l a c i o u s m o s q u i l o e s , n 'h i ch a t times appear iu great uumbers. I t i s t - e r , r , f o r t u u a t e t h a t t h e r - e r r " u o \- e n o m o l l s c r e a t u r e s h e r e n o r a o y o l s o h a r n r f u l a n a tu r e a s to r e n c l e r i t u n s a f e t o b e o u t i n t h e l r , o o d s a t n i g h t.

FIS H E A S N DMA R IN E LIFE :-The open sea c loset o t he i sl ancl i s w el l suppl i ed n.i th rnan-vki nds of lar ge fi shes, but, as the nati ves never go outsi de t he r eef s to hunt them, few are caught. Insi de the reef, seyeralcl i fferentfcod fi shes ar e t o be { ound at al l ti mes of the year, w hi l e th r ee var ieti es, the manaj a, the ti ao, and the atu1a1, ,com e periodicall,r'. The n:anaj a i s a l i ttl e fi sh from ol te to t w, o inches l ong, * ' hi ch appearsi n great school s,often f ive cr six feet deep ancl rnany { athoms broad. In the ilof lt hs of May, June and Jnl y, rl uri i rg the decreaseof t be 1rl oon,thel ' conre sn' armi ttg i n throtrgh tl e opcnr 'ngs i n the reef, and everybod)' turns out to gat ber in as many of thern as possi bl e. These sl varnrslasr sonieti rnes tw o or three cl ays i n each rnoon. The f i- shis pal atabl e, and besi des bei ng eaterr fresh is snlt ecl as' ay for l 1sel ater i n the year. The ti ao i s a l i ttl e l arger than i he ruanaja, at r ot r t three i nches l ong, round i n shape l i ke a slender f inger; i t cotncs from A pri l to A ugust. but n ot il st r ch great rrtrrnbersas the nraunj a. The atul ay, rvhi ch resernbl estl i e horse r nacker el or l arge sardi ne,i s caught duri rrg the moons of June, Jul y and A ttgust but the sw arm" sare not so lar ge nor do the,r.come crer.\' 1' ear. It i s caught l i ke t he ot her s and i s eaten both fresb and -* al ted. (N ote: Usually taken i n fi sh r.i ' ei rs, as school s sel cl omap pear ant l rvhen they do, the-.rmo1:etoo fast ttt be easil5'r o11nded up w i th nets.) Formerl l r the achuman, a fi sh of defi nit e habit et , rvas trappeclbv an unttstral nrethoc' l . D ai l y t he f ishermen tvent oti t i tt a cauoe to a certai n pl a ce anclf er i the fi sheson grated coconut, cortai necl i n tlr e conical hal f of a coconut shel l , w hi cl r N ' asti ghtl y 'f ast ened, l i ke the l i d of a censer,bv means of three c or ds passed through hol es i n i ts ri m, to a l arge round st one; l l ' hen thi s stone, rvi th i ts coconut-shel lhelm et , was


N0vE 1\1llER 19 26

Iorvered over the side, the grated cocol1ut,by reasou o f i ts buol' anc 1' ,f loa te d o u t o f th e to p o p e n i n g ancl \\'ls eaterl, as it came out, by the fishes tvho appeared re g u l a r ly t o be f ed . In l ro n o n e to th re e mo nths' ti me , a gr eat nunr be r o f th e i l h a d g a ti re re dto g e ther. Th e n t he f is her m e n u s e d th e i r s to n e -a n d -c oconut "ce tts et " as r v eigh t fo r a d e e p b a g -n e t, S u s p encl ed fro m a hoop s ix f eet i n d i a n re te r,i n to l v h i c h , a s soon as it rvas 1on'ereci,the achuntan crorrdeci in search of th e i r us ual f ooc i. B y s l o v rl y ra i s i n g th e n e t, u nti l i t wa s clos et o t he s ur fa c e , g re a t q u a r.rl i ti e so f f s h l ' ere se cu r ed. Th is v er y anc ient me th o d o f c a tc h i n g a c h u n ra nhas n o n ' f allen int o dis u s ei ti Gu a m, b u t i s s ti l l p ra cri sed b y th e f is her nr enof R o ta . 'fhe coast is overrun trtith crabs, sonre clams and o yste r s ,als o s quid a re fo u n d , w h i l e th e ri v e rs c o ntai n fre sh - wat ers hr ir nps . The lauil crab, called "a1,u5,'u" ( Birgus Latra, or robber crab) is good to eat, and tire natives feast on th e rn af t er f at t enin g th e n r o n c o c o n u t me a t. The cra b s , as a r es ult o f th i s o i l y d i e t g ro w v e ry fa t, dep o si ting in t he t ail-s a c k o r t' p u rs e " a fa tty s u b stance rn u ch r elis hed by ep i c u re s . A h unc lr ed pic ul s o f g o o d q u a l i ty b e c h e -d e-mer can easill' be macle every year from tl.reqllantities o{ se a -s lugs( Holot huri a n s ) fo u n d i n th e s h a l l o w w ater b e i ri n d t he r eef s , bu t a t p re s e n t tb e y e a r' s y i e l d i s no n o re t han a s c ant fi fty p i c u l s . (N o te : 1 p icul rJl.y

227

THE GUAM RECORDER

1\

l )o u n QS .,.

Th e il{ ar ianaspr o d u c en e i th e r to rto i s es h e l l , turtl e, mo ther - of - pear l s he l l , p e a rl o y s te rs n o r a n y o ther valuable sea products. Th e s har k and t he e v e n mo re v o ra c i o u ss w o rd-fi sh, ca l l e d " r om pec and a d o " , i n fe s t th e s e w a te rs, ai rd ye a rly , f r on J anuary to N fa rc h ,th e i s l a n c l sa re v isi ted b y sp er m whales a n d b y h u m p b a c k rv h a l e s , k non' n a s "t' or obados " . T h e s e a re h u n te d i n th e h a rbor i tse l f or in t he ot her b a y s o f th e i s l a n d b y th e rv h al i rrg se sselsin por t at t h e ti m e . In t he P hilippin e s i t i s b e l i e v e d th a t n l a n r' fi ue se a -s hells , es pec ia l l _ vth e " Au ro ra s " , g ro rv here, a l th o ugh as a r uat t e r o f fa c t, n o t o n e h a s e v e r beerr fo u n d near t his is l a n d . T h e s h i p s th a t e x p o rt thern fro m G uam get t he m fro m th e C a ro l i n e Is l a n ders rvi ro tr ade her e, or fro rn th e w h a l e rs . T RA NS P O R T AT I0 N :-R tttro u saht ,th e ti nre of WA T E R th e djs c ov er y t he n a ti v e s e a rn e d ti re re p trta ti ou of b e i n g good s ailor s ,a n d a l th o u g h ma n y c f th e m shon, co n sider abieapt it ud e fo r a s e a -fa ri n g l i fe ,th e y haye, a t p re s ent , lit t le opp o rtu n i ty fo r th e e x e rc i s eo f tbese a b i l i ties s inc e t her e i s i u s t o n e v e s s e l h e re , c a pabl e o f ma k ing t he t r ip t o th e n e i g h b o ri n g i s l a n c lo f Rota. Th e k ind of c r af t th e y i i k e b e s t to h a n d i e , b e cause o f th e ir light nes s , a rel v b a l e b o a ts , w h i c h th e _ r'u se i n u n l o ading s upplies fro n r s h i p s fo r tra n s p o rta ti onto th e c apit al and als o , a t th e ti m e o f th e h a rv est, to b ri n g up r ic e f r om In a ra j a n a n d \{ e ri z o . These b o a ts , of r v hic h r v e h a r.' eo n l v th re e c r fo u r a l l to1ri . a re ve r y long and n a rro w , w i th th e a v a i l a b l e strace n rrrc hc ut up by t hw a rts , s o th a t th e y c o u l c l h a rtl l y l te l e s s s uit ed t o us e s s u c h a s th e s e , e s p e c i a l l v tl i e

LESSONS MUSIC Piano Harmony lnstrumentation andVocal Training A. Nagle-Agana By Flenry

tu

General i {eP ai r S hoP s tis'f AllI,lsHEIl 1910

>K Carpentr]'- Joinersand Wood-turning. Guam Fancy \\rood-n'ork of all classes. Furniture \{anufactured and Repaired. >â&#x201A;Ź

General Carage We take 'enr dos.n and make 'em run again.

Ilatteries Itebuilt and Charged o{ Auto, Truck andJitneybodies. N{anufacturers

Tubes Vulcanized Illacksmithirrg. .l{achile "Sirop Plrrrnbing and Sheet-uretal u'ork.

>â&#x201A;Ź \\-hen vou s'ant tbi ngs done l 'el ephone - 69

I

I

A Penfect Fit GUARANTEEDAT

B. PANGTLINAN'S MANUEL SHOP TAILOR 489

P azcs S trcet -

A gatta


THE GUAM RECORDER

228

Jose l\fl. Torres

lVholesale andRetail

Merchant

Importer and

ExBorter

Agent TireCo. Michelin

NOVEI\{RER 1926

carrying of heavy, bulky cargces. illoreover, the utterl l ' unreasonabl eempl oyment of a coxs wain ancl four sai l ors to transport one ton of cargo f r om t he port to the city, a d.istanceof six or serin miles by $'ater, brings the cost of such transportation up tt sonrethi ng more than three pesos a ton, while t o convey a caban (Z-3/qU . S . B nshel s) of rice f r om Inaraj an co-stsfrom three to f our real es 67 - 1/ 2t o 5O cents). For fi shi ng boats the nati ves use l i ttl e dugout canoes (made from trunks. of D ugdug or Nonac) rvi th a si ngl e outri gger, or " l ucl a,,. The nam e o{ thi s type .of canoe i s " gal ai de' ' ; i n the phi lippines it i s cal l ed " baroto" . B ei ng so .-ui l , they aie goocl for nothi ng more than paddl i ng about i nsi d e t he r eel nnd therefore t1o one atteni pts to fi sh i n t he dcep w ater otrtsi de. IN D U S TRAYN D C OMME R C E :-H ere there i s no such thi ng, properl y speaki ng,as traC eor i ndustr y; ever yone has to provi de for hi msel l and hi s fami l y and, f or thi s reason, s' e have nei ther carpenters, masonsnor stone cutters, nei ther shoemakers, tai l ors nor blacksmi ths w ho devote al l thei r ti me to thei r tr ade, but , i nsteadof thi s, there are many peopl e w ho,when t hey feel i i ke i t, w ork at these vari ous j obs e it her f or themsel ves or for others, i f they can do s o wit hout prej udi ce to thei r ranches,thei r fi shi ng net s, or t heir barvesti ng of ri ma and federi co Thi s state of thi ngs exi sts i n spi te of the f act t hat an unskilled carpenter or a mason,who does not, even know how to set tiles, can ask a dail5' wage of four real es and act as i f he w ere doi ng hi s em ployer a fartor. They put in about seven hours a day of socai l ed w ork, reckoni ng thei r ti me from the r nom ent they l eave thei r housesat si x otcl ock; the; ' us1a11y ,begin work about seven, knocking ofi at eight o'clock to go home fcr breakfast, reconmencing work about rrine. At twelve they lay off, to eat lutrch and to enj oy a.good si esta, not besti rri ng themse lvesagain nntil tlvo o'c1ock, afteril'hich they r'vork tili six, al1 very much at thei r l ei sure. If anythi r:g i s said, t hey quit rvork and the o\l,ner can find no one else tc fi ni -h the j ob; conseouentl y eterl ' one prefe r s t o t ur n ' l ri s ow n hand to everl ' ki nd of rtorl < r,rther t han deperrdon the servi cesof others. ft i s easl ' to understand that,under any such sl'11teut, \' ery few good ri ' orkmen cern devel op, in f act there are on the i sl and onl y one or trvo car pent er s w orthy of ti re name and about the same n ut iber cl bl acksmi ths: as for competentmasons,stort dcut t er s, etc.. they are not to be found. l ' he one i ndustri al establ i shni ent,u' bi ch can t : e cal l ed so onl y b;r courtesy, i s the di st iller 5'f or maki ng aguardi entefrom tuba, the sap of th e ccconut tree. Over a stone-bi tri l thearth i s set a copper pct or caul dron fu1l of tuba, over r,vhi chi s ptr t a bar r el w i th top and bottom knocked out, or el -qea lar ge hol l ow secti on of tree-trunk. On top o{ t his. is an i ron pot n' i th a coni cal bottom: thi s pot i s kept f r r ll of col d u' ater i n order to condensethe ri s ing t apor from the boi l i ng tuba on the steepl l ' sl anti ng siCesof


NOV EilII]ER 19 26

th e c one, ut heuc e th e d ro l ts ru n tl o rrn to th e a pex, fro m r v hic h t hey d ri p i n to a tu b e th a t ru n s out th ro u gh a hoie in t h e b a rre l .

GAILY'S GARAGE

l'he salt used here is rnacleon the spot fronr sea wa te r , but , as t here i s n o w e l l -m a rk e d d ry s eason, e va p or at ingit b1' t lre h e a t o f th e s u rr i s i ml tra c ti cabi e, a n ri fir e m us t be use < lfo r th e p u rp o s e .

TELEPHONES AGANA, ro5-Ii.

Not a s ingle c ou rn te rc i a l e s ta b l i s h m e u t i s to be se e n or 1 t he is lanc l , l to t e v e n o n e s h o p , b u t o n the o th e r hand, er t er y b o d yi s -s o m e th i n go f a s to re k eeper, a l th o ugh r o one dis l rl a y sg c o c l sfo r s a l e . A s tr anger passing titrough the different tolvns worlld not knorv wh e r e t o go f o bu5r a n y th i n g a n c l n ri g h t u ' e i l b el i eve th a t t her e r v as not h i n g to b e h a .d , o n l y to fi n d l ater o n th at alr nos t ev erl ' h o u s e h a s th i n g s fo r s a l e and j s re a l l y a s t or e r v it ho u t s e e m i n g s o ,

We guarantee safety to our custorners due to the fact lhat our drivers are expefienced, careful and efficient. Our Cars Are Alr,r'ays in First-class Condition. Hudson, Bssex, Willys-Knight, Nash and Buick. Five and Seven PassengerTouring Cars. \\'e ainr to piease)'ou, try us out. rr[-e Charge but Legal Rates

issue )

Prornpt and Satisfactory Services Guaranteed. SIiRVICE

re g i on. llany f ac ts o f z o o )o g i c :rld i s tri b u ti o n i n the Pa ci f icnr ak eit c lif iic :u l to t a v o i c ltl re s l rre c o rrc l L rsi on." Co n s ic lert he I s ia n d o f (i u a rn i ru c lu th e r i s l a r rcl .* in th e sa m e gr oup. Ca p ta i n J .C . Y o s -qrv , h o rl a rl c n tri p a ro u r r dt he r v or ld in 1 9 1 4 i rr tl re s ru a l l y a c h f, ' l ' i l i | unt ,/d stoppecat l G nnr n i n th e s p l i rrg o f th rrt,.l ' e rl r, \\:hi l e e ttro u t e{ r om t he B o n i u { s l n n c l s ,u n d re p o rte titl r rt l rc h a cl seenar r t l v i. oit e cal n ,c .nv' o l c rri i t; i s l a n tl n l ri ch l ratl b e e n lif t et l lr bout ij0 0 fe e t a b o v es e a l c r.c l c ,n J i rn uur.y 2 3 , 191{ . T his is lrrn d rv i r-q a b o u t a rrri l ei rr d i i rrneter., u ,a s,bar e< if v eger a t.i o na n d , i rr fa c t, rl n s u t,tl ri ng bui

f ilRllS:

Strictly Cash.

BOTTLING WORKS THE JOTA T

EI,EPFIONE

No. 92-Y

Acli'1.t, Gulu. i\Ianufaclurer of

colli'.

A logical conciusior.r,trascd orr tlrc al:cive facts, is th a t, at one t it ne, r i- ro sot f G u a rn , i f n o t rl l , rrl .s r.rncl er. wa te r , anr l lr ir s lt e e n p u s l tc tl rrp r,u t r,f th e s ea l ry vo l canic ac iion nntl b .y tl re rrr' 1 1 1 1 ft1 1onf gtl tr: e f l rtl r' -s su rfa c e. T lie bir t h o f n rre rvi s l :rn d i rr l g !-l i r r the No rl h er n par b of th e i l Ia ri a n l s g ro u l l l e rrd sto tl re su p p os it iont hat t h i s a " c ti o ni s s ti l l g o i n g o n . ' I' hese co n clus ionst enc l t o s u p p o rt tl re e o n te n ti o n u f P r .ofesso r Ifr olv n t hat , " s u b s i d e u c e , th o u g h th e tl o mi nant mo ve m ent , is not th e o n l y rn o v e m e n t, \\Ii te revcr

STATION

'Gasoline and Oii

, ( Continucdirrun pagr 21-i)

An cier r t c or r l has b e e n fo n n tl n t n n c l c v a ti o n of l th o u s anc fl eebabor e s e a l e v c l , T i tc n o rth e n r l rl rrte:ru of Guam consists aln-rt_rst rinlireiy of sonrc forrn of cor.ll l i n e -q ione( c as r ' ajr :). A l l th e c o a s tb l u l ,Is .i ri l l ;a rrtlotht,r e l e vat ionsin t lr is plrt o f th c i s l rrn tl, c s c e p t i \l t. S l rntt Ro sa, N{ aLagnaian d [Irmg n s , i h r,w , l .l rerc e xp o s ed, r nat lr eplri c ro-scak b, arvl iht i l g .o rr fl rc s n r.{ a r :r,s are e vi d enc e s in t lr e \ v i l y o f s h rl l l s ,p e b b l e sn n d l ,o ul tl ers, i n tl i ca t ing t lr at , ut o n e ti rrre ,t,l re s ep l i rc rens -o rec o vere(l b y rvat er . l' os s il s e as h e l l s l rtv r: b e e rrftj rrn tl n e al tl i c to p of M t T enjo.

R E S I D E N C E , 7 :- \'

DAY and NIGHT

THELOST CIVILIZATIONS OFTHEPACIFIC OCEAN

f t v olc a n i c

PITI, 48-2.

We are Open to Service

'I'/st p/tmonttnal and tutusual ticttt.,.cnris, rart/tqna|cs, 4pbaons, ifissarts, ca.(tc!, rtc., aJ- Guan, and l)at l,llipe de la Cortt's dcsriltian of the island of Rota zuill be t/:c stihjut o.f tle cantinnatian of thit artirlc in tbe l)rcentbtr issur. (Ta be rcntinud in l)rcrtl,,:r

229

THE GUAM RECORDER

Ar.i, Kruns oF SPARKLTNG lVarrn SANITATION_ Ot]it IIOT'I'O Hla

H

[ " T h e A m e n i c a n Ga n a ge"n I H

Is at ]/our Service night and day

6

TELEPTTONE 116

I I I I

Clean Cars and Safe Drivers IIARRY -rrEra!Er-r

CHANCE CHA NCE

Proprietor' Pronrietr

I


230

THE GUAM RECORDER

B0RD/qLL0'S TAXX S E R V IC E

AND AGANA SL!MAY Finest Buick Cars Bestof Service CPEN D,AYAND NIGI.IT. Weare equipped to serveyoufor any Emergency orforShopping, Theater orLodge engagements andFarties.

Alvm-s!-Trrye Phunes Aga na 9( ) . R

-

Sunr al' 1) . R

SawMillandLumber Yard A11 kinds of lumber Sawed and Planecl Ceiling, Fiooring ancl Sicling

Ifi 1 T rG Pine-

Flooring

Rough and Dressed

NOVEMBER 1926

there i s a si nl i i ng, there nrust be a compensat or y el evati ontt. W hy not reversehi s stateme nt and say " rvhere there i s an el eval i onthere rnust be a com pensrtory si rrl < i ng" ? The opi ni ons of the tw o authori ti eson the islands of the I'acific, who have been quoted, and the facts nrlclucedby tlrem from personal study and investigati on, make i t appear perfectl y pl ausi bJe t hat t l: e l rumel ous i sl ands and atol l s i n the coral line ar c in ll're Pacific, especial)y betu'eenthe equator and the Tropi c of C apri corn rvheretbey are < 1ui tenum er ous, are but the peaksand mountai n tops of a s ubm er ged rni ghty conti nent, and that the rui ns of l e nr plesancl othc' r structuresand the stati resand ncnumenls t hat remai n on a few of these i sl ancl sare al l tha t is ] ef t of great ci vi l i zal i ons and of mi l l i ons of pe ople uho di sappea,redancl n' ere l ost i n the mi sty a gesof t he di m past.

TOOMANYLAWS C arn ai l publ i c and pl i vate i l l s be remedied by l er' v? S onreyears ago a pubi i cati on know n as "The I3ucl gct" rvas i ssueclby The N ati onal B udget Cor nmi ssi on, i n l vhi ch the statement w as made t hat t her e are 100,000 l egi sl atorsi n the tTni tecl S tat es - - Nai i onal , S tat,esand Muni ci pal - w ho ena ct ed eacir 1' e:rrmore i ans than rvcre enacteclanri ttallv bcf or e the rval i n C rl reat-B ri tai n,France, Gerrl anv, Aust liaH ungar.y, and Ital v, added toget,her. ' fhe same publ i cati on contai ned the i nf or m at ion that there are 2,000,000l arvsand ordi nancesat pr escnb i n force i n thc U ni ted S tates. The -ol d fal mer w ho had been ei ected t o t hc S t,ate Legi sl ature, w as more than hal f ri ght when, i i nmedi atel y after the openi ng pra)rer,he nr ovedt hat thc H orrse do nou' adj ourn. A sked to explain his re& sonhe sai d: B ecuz w e have too dern manf iaws alrearly.-T/te ,4mericanRevieutof Reviews.

Bloodshed Without Prohibition LawsIn GuamEnforced Tl .re enforcerncnt of i he Guam prohi bi tion laws, rrnl i ke the casc i n many of our more hi ghl y civilized (?) conrmuni l i es of the U ni i ed S tates, do not r equir e gun fi gl i bi ng or bl oodsherd,as thc fol l owing it em fl orn one of the S rn Frl nci sce pl per sta t cs is t hc cri sc i l l N cvrt,l rr

Always on hand at reasonableprices

rtationService Motor Trucks for transfer of all kinds of freight, including frrrniture

V. P. Herrero Telephone 90-L

" II,i l c]-B oi i ccl D n' s N eeded i n N evacl a. " Must hl ve qual i ti es rrf " R evenooel ' s,"says Chief . " P rol i i bi ti on" aE ents i n N evada rl ust have t hc qri & l i i i es of thc l evenooers' rvho soi rgi r t out t he Gcotge W ashi ngi on Br ady, l l ennessecrnoortshi uet' s," i n chrrrseof the V ol stcrrtl cn{orcentent'i p f }r e Silver r S 1,nte,rcportcd to P rohi bi ti on A tl rrri ni st r at <- rNccl I\{ . Grccn recentl y on hi s arri vnl fl otr R e no' He sa,i el : " N i l any of those N cveci a ttrountai neer shave as l i ttl e l ega,rclfor l i fe as the southel n m ct lnt ain cl i sti l l ersof i l l i ci t corn l i quor. ' Io crdcr one or t wo asents to rni d a N evatl e sti l i rvoul .l bc aim ost like scntenci ng thcm to deat,h. I ncver senc l less t han four agcnts on a sti l l rai cl . Often there i s a gun f ight a man i s ki l i ed. A nyon e er aving and some^ui mes exci tement can have al l he rvanl s b1' j o ining t hc N evacl a nrohi bi ti on staff."


NOV EMI]ER 19 26

23r

THtr GUAMRECORDER

Shall thelsland of Guarn beceded to the Fhilippine Government? ( ContinuerJ fram page211) i s mu c h higher and th e n a ti v e s a re h a p p i e r a n d more p ro sper ous , T r ue, th e p re s e n t -s y s te not f g o v e rn ment i s n o t per f ec t . W h a t fo rm o f g o v e rn me n t i s ? B ut co u l d or would t he Go r,' e rn m e not f th e Ph i l i p p i ne Isl a n ci sgiv e G uam a b e tte r o n e ? I'he Island h.as had fifteen rlifferent Naval officers i ts g o v er nor s . S om e a c l mi n i s tra ti o n sh a v e b e e n bad, so me f air and s or neg o o d , A s a rv h o l e , th e m a j ori ty. o f a dm inis t r at ionsh a v e b e e n d e c i d e d l ;,g c c d . A11the' g o ve r nor s hav e bee n m e n o f u n q u e s ti o n a b l eh onesty a n d i nt egr it y and t h e re h a s n e v e r b e e n a n y s u s pi ci on o f g raf t . T hey adm i n i s te re dth e a ffa i rs o f th e Isl and a s th e y t hought be s t. T h e p e o p l e o f G u a rn c a n exp e ct n ot hing m or e fro m a n y g o i ,' e rn me n t. The Cham or r o pe o p l e h a v e a d e e ps e a te dfe e l ing of l o ya lt y and af iec t io n fo r th e U n i te d S ta te so f A m eri ca and ihey heartily wish to see 11octher flag than the Sta rs and S t r ipes f l y o v e r th e i r Is l a n d H o me . They fi rml y believ e t hat n o o th e r c o u n try c o u l d o r woul d g i ve t hem t he pr ote c ti o n a n d th e b l e s s i n g so f good g o ve r nm ent t hat t h e y a re n o w re c e i v i n g . Thei r h i g i re s t anbit ion a n d ttre i r g re a te s t d e s i re i s to be g ra n t ed A m er ic an c i ti z e n s h i p . T h e y d o n o t w ant a n d will nev er c ons e n t to a tra n s fe r to a n v o th er nati o n a nd m os t par t i c u l a rl y to s u c h a s th e i mmature . a n d i nex per ienc ed " P h i l i p p i n e R e p u b l i c ' ). Guam s hould ne v e r b e c e d e d to th e p h i l i p p i ne Isl a n d s unles s t he Un i te d Sta te sw i s h e s to s e eth e prog re ss of t r v ent y - s e v e ny e a rs d w i n d l e a tv a y , l e a vi ng as rnuch trace behind as did the ice that u,as first rracle in Guanr nrore than a score of years ago.-,4guerlaIg/esiat.

SICOND PRIZT ANi!EXATION OF GUAM TOTHEPI.IiLIPPINES The gr eat es t pol i ti c a l q u e s ti o n th a t h a s e v e r confro n ted t he Cham o rro si s th e p ro p o s e dp l a n o f Mr. X{e rc aido,a r epr es e n ta ti v eo f th e p h i l i p p i n e L egi sl atu re , " T hat G uam b e c e d e d to th e n tri l i p p i n e -Gove rn m ent . ' , ' T he g re a t d i s p l e a s u re a n d s tro l g opp o si t ion s hown by th e e n ti re p o p u l a ti o n , y o u n g una o l d a lik e, s inc et his i d e a w a s k n o ,,r,ni,s a n e x e rrpl i fi cd te sti monl' of av er s i o n to rv a rd th i s p ro p c s i ti o rr. The F ilipinos ar e n o t a n a ti o n a n c lth e i r c a p a b i i i ti es o _ fa dm inis t er ing a g o v e rn u re n t a re n o t l e i s horrn; th e re f or e, it is a ba d p o l i c 5 tto a s k fo r m-o reb urden wh e n t heir load is h e a v y e n o u g h . It is t r ue t hat t he C h a mo rro sa re ra c i a l l y c o n necte< l wi th t his pec ple, bu t th e i r h a b i ts , l a n g u a g e ,i n t erest, a n d way s of t hink in g a re fa r a p a rt. In or der t o m ai n ta i n g o o d g o v e rn me n t i t i s extremely necessar,-to securethe consent and coooerati o n of t hos e gov e rn e d ; rv i th th e fe e l i n g s n .h i ct the Chamorros have, change of governmeni r,vill resuit i n a cont inuous outra g e . Gu am s inc e t he Ame ri c a n o c c u p a ti o n h a s macl e ra p i d pr ogr es salon g th e l i n e s o f s a n i ta ti o n , a gri cul _ tu re , r oads , c om mu n i c a ti o n s , l i g h ti n g , e d u & ti on,

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A DTF tr:TI/TDD/-\T-T-\EIDTEIC = ART EMBRCIDnRIES = = == Recently received from the Philippiue Islands anC China. \l:hen shopping we invite your inspection. We also ofier for your selection

A Fiigh Grade Line of Shoes TheSpecialiy Shopcf thelsland

Mrs.A. Vasquez iiiliill ilililnililfi1fiilfiililt}il!t!tilil{iliifi ilflHHililifi tiiIiiiiliiililtiilililmtl

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Specialattciriionqiverrto cateringfor Prrtics,I'icnics,a:id japlne:c lJirrners

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THE GUAM RECORDER

232

N O V E MBER 1 9 2 6

and many other thi ngs. The U ni ted S tatesis spend, i ng thousands and thousands of dol l ars pur posely for her great principles of extending the Lkbt 0/ Libertyto those who are in darkness.

Have You Seen Our New Shiprnentof

DressGoods? Recentlyanrivedon the

Gold Star

The A meri can Fl ag, the syrnbclof l i berty, equalit y, j usti ce, and opportuni ty, i s hi ghl ,v resp ect ed ancl deepi y l oved by al l the C hamorrosi n thi s Island. The A nre;:i can Gcvernrnent exerci si ng it s dut ies under the principles of it-q Flag has greatly benefi ted the i si and and perfectl y sati s5edthe people by extendi ng those ri ghts w hi ch are endow ed by our C reator. The peopl e are getti ng A meri cani zecl in dr ess, l anguage, habi ts, and rrays of l i vi ng and har r e t his spi ri t deepl y pl anted i n the bottom of the ir hear t s that they earnestl yw i sh to l i ve and to di e g lor iously under the A meri can Government. W e desi re to conti nue our progressand t he onlv possi bl e N .' a1'of accompl i -shi ngi t i s to have always for our P roi ector and Gui dance ttrat Nat iO nwhich

andJustice forall. withLiberty is indivisible

AtrsoDriltrs,Khaki,and a fuil assortmentof Calicos'

Ivory Cigarand CigaretteHolders

All goodssoldat reouce0 prlces 11.

K . S A WA D A Santa Cruz, Agana Opposite Masonic

H avi ng no upri si ng nor the l east di sturbancer nade by the peopl e tow ard the government since t he A meri can adri i ni strati on of the i sl ancl , i s a posit ive evi dence of the r,vi seand good rnanageruentof t he A nreri cattpeopl e. A 11 through the Isl and the school childr en ar e si ngi ng gl ori ousl y and l ovi ngi y the songs of " A meri ca, S tar S pangl edB anner,C ol umbi a" ,and m an1" other patri oti c songs, i ncl udi ng the " Fl agof Fr eedom " recentl y taught. It i s earnestl y hoped that the peopl e of Guam who dearl y l ove and respect Ol d Gl ory w i 1 l, in t he very near futnre, see the R i ghts ar.rdP rivileges of A meri canC i ti zenshi pextended to them so t bat t hev can proudl y, earnertl y, and ri ghtl l ' cl ai m t hat t he

Flagis TheirOwnFlag. American

May the people of Guam never live to see the colors o f a n l r o t h e r F l a g w a v i n g o v e r t h e i r h e a d s ; m a y th e i r happiness and tranqtrility never cease, ma.v the -eireat s a t i s f a c t i o n o f t h e C h a m o r r o s t o w a r d t h e Am e r i ca n G o v e r n m e n t n e v e r f a d e ; a n d m a y t h e U n i t e d Sta te s never 'withdraw her protection from her loyal subj e c t s . f n c o n c l u s i o n , I w i s h t o s e t f o r t h t h i s p r a ye r t o t h e P r e s i d e n t o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s o f A me r i ca .

Hallow bythy whoartin theUnited states, 0ur Presldent us tirne our come; Grant this CitizenThy Judgment name; of anyother intothehands usfrcmFalling shipandProtect Nation. AMEN.-Miss TeranicaS. Saz lgustin'

ANIGUA SCHOOL FLAG OVTR RAISE ELKS' theAnigua 8.P.0.Elks,Present 1281, l,tr0. Lodge Agana School wiiha FiagPoleandFlag. District On S aturday October 16ti r. The l oca l I , odge of E l ks' hel d appropri ate ceremoni es.w hen t hey pr esented the A ni gua S chool w i th a substanl ial f lag pole w hi ch ti re l odge hacl erected, and rai sed t he St 'ar s


NOVE[,IBER 1926

THE GUAM RECORDER

and Strip â&#x201A;Źs up on it r v hile t he band plal- ed t he N a tional a nth ertr. T hroug h the kin dnes s o{ \ { ar ine G unner E . T . Ozabal, LT.S.M.C., I ns pec t c r - I ns t r uc t or , of t he G u a m ][iirti: 1, trto co mpa nies of his c onr nr ar r c l, u' it ] r t h e N ationa l an cl Re giu r ent al c olor s , and ied b1- t he N a v y B and, ma rch ed to the s c hool hous e and t ook pa r t i n the F l:rg rai:irrg exer c is es . G overn or L . S. Shapley , wit h his Aide de Ca m p , Lieuten an t J. C. Hec li, U. S. Nav y , ar r d Conr dr . W. R . Hail, (Ch .C) U.S. Nav y , Head of Depar t m eu t o f Ilducatio n, an d the ir ladies , i\ - er e anr ong t hc s e p r e s ent, T he p resen tatio rr addr es s was m ade by Pas t Ex a l t e c j R uler, Ja mes H. U uder wood, and M is s I \ { ar ia T . G-rtierre z, the Prin ci pai of t he s c hool, r epliec l, ac c e p t ing the gift in be ha lf of t he t eac her s and pupil s o f her sch oo l. Mr. Und erwo od , in his opening r em ar k s ; c alle d t o mincl tha t Aga na Lo. lge No. 1281, Benev olent a n d P rotective Ord er of Elk s ' had pr es ent ed t he N a v a l Governrn en t o i Gu ar n wit lr t he land upon r . l' hic h t h e A nigu a Sch oo l bu ilc ling $: as er ec t ed, and t hat it w a s eminently ap pro pria t e t hat Agana lodge s h o u l d present the n elv scit ool wit h a Flag pole and h o i s t "Old Giory:' up on i t . He f r r r t her s t at ed t hat , i f h e hrd b e en se lected to s peak abc ut t he Elk s ' , he w o u k l tell of the rva ys irr r v hic h t hey ex er nplif v t he f o u r virt ues rn'h ich h ave been m ade t he c ar dinal pr inc i p l e s of t ne Ord er, -Ch ari t y , J us t ic e, Br ot her ly Lov e, a n d F idelity, an d h ow thes e v ir t ues hav e been em bo d i e d in th: g ran de st, s weet es t , anr l m os t lov ing r u l e knrrvn on the face of t he eer t h; t he G olc len R u l e . "D c un to o the rs a s v ol1 . r v ould hat ' e t hem do u n t o "Ther e is , hon' ev er , one ch a r you." Fu rthe r, act eris tic of the Iilks' whic h is s o int im at el- v c onn e c t ed w ith the se exercis es , t hat f m u- s t r em ar k upo n i t , and tha t is th e lo ve of an Eik f or t he Flag of h i s count r y. In a ll our ex er c is es , bot h nublic a n d privat e, the fla g is giv en t he plac e of honor a n d distinction . It makes it s appear anc e- at t he beginn i n g of eve ry e xe rcise and it is t he las t s 1' m bol t ha t i s remcved be fore clcsi ng. W her ev er ] r ou s ee a num b e r of l1lk s ga the red tog et her , t her e 5' ou will als o s e e t h e A merican Fla g. It s r r eaning t o us is br oac l a n d deep an d h igh , fo r n'e r egar d it as a m ant le of c har i t v . an emb iem o f justice , a t ok en of Br ot her l. v Lov e, a n <l a symbcl of fid elitl', and t he s ight of it ins t ills i n t o the he art of etre rv true E1k t he lof t ies t s ent ir nent s o f love of cou ntr)', lc.r' eof hom e, lor - e of our f ello$, m e n and love of righ teo us nes s . I t is t he m c s t ar d e n t hope of ever], Elk that t his f lag r ua- v , b5' it s inf f ' en c e . advance th e ca use of ius t ic e in ev er l' land and b r i n g about un ive rsa l pe ac e and br ot her hc c d ir : , t he he a r t s of men." Fu rthe r - "11 is a heac on t o quide u s , a M ay t he v ir t nes bor n of t h i s shield to de fen d us. flag insp ire us an d deepen in eac h of us ot r r s ens e o f 1o1' 311 uto ollr cou ntr y and jt s ins t it ut ion, and en a b l e rrs to b e be tter pa triot s . t r uer c jt iz ens , and m or e lo l , a l "Th e ' Red, W hit e and Blue' , i h e A merica n-.." ' S t ar Sp an qle d Brnner ' , t he' St ar s and St r ip e s ', ' Old Glory', Th e Am er ic an Flag, v or r r Flag, n r y F lag, OUR trL AG. l' { av it alway s be c her is hed i n all our he arts, a nd upheld by a11our hands . "

233

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N Y A L R E I{E I)IE S , nnd ' foi l et speci a)tie, <, Try tl rem. Ft.rrafrer shavi ng A R C TI-K OL (IC E C OL D) A n after shavi ng Loti on especi al i ymade fo r the tropi cs. For Intesti nal W orms, use V ermi col B on-Bons. " TR Y OU R S OC IE TE C H OC OLA TE S . Guaranteed Qual i ty.

Agent for EASTMAN KODAK SUPPLIES The dependabl eK odak Fi l m

the yel l ow Box.

FOR RESULTS: - Load rvith K()DAI( FILM Ancl let us do your fi ni shi ng. KODAK FILI{S

Stt ck irr lll

s i z t , s , n l n ays

YOU T TNIFORMS LJ WILL BE PRoUD raTVTT.TANSUITS \., FRCCKCOATS

,#30, (( --COAT'S'' ^,

SINGLEAND DOUBLEBRBASTED EACH SUIT TAILOREDTO iV{EASURtr

G. K U R OK A WA CUSTOMTAILOR ELK'S CI,UB BUILDING AGANA


THE GUAM RECORDER

234

NOVEMBER 1926

O RDE RS NAVAL GOVERNN,IENTOF"GUAM Govr:RN!{!,'Nr. Housn

ISUAh{

Grielr

7 October, i926

GHNGilRAtH Bottledat the famoustos Banos FIotSprings,PhilippineIslands. This water comes through hundreds of feet of solid rock. reaches the top in a boiling state and is bottled without corning in contact with the air. The ginger is fresh and

ORDIiR

1. A sal estax of one cent (ta:' ) per bottle is her etr1,'i nrposei l on near-beer ancl al l other so f t clr jnks i mported i nto Guanr. 2. A sal estax of one-l i al f cent (l /2t) per bot t ie is herebf i mposeclcn al l sol t cl ri nks ni anufa ct ur ed in Guanr. 3. Th-- abori esal estaxes are effecti veon ir npor t ati ons made ou or after i N or,etnber,l g26, and on sof t dri nks manu{ actured on or after 1 N ovember , 1926. 4, The n' orcl " bottl e" i n above referen ceis held to rnean " pi nt bottl e" aud sal es tax to be collect ed on that basi s; P i nt bottl e at the tax quoted; qua r t bot t le doubl e the tax; ancl spl i ts at one-hdl f the ta x. I", S. Shapley Governor of G uam

grown

by the companyafterseveralyears experimentationto get the most aromaticvariety and it is usedthe day it is picked.

N A \-A I,

GO\' Ii R N }IF:N ' I' OF Gt-AXI Housir

GovEnNrrENt

Gtr.\ lr

18 October, 1926

Pure canesugaris used. No glucoseor other substitute. You do not know GingerAle if you have not tried "ISUAN"

GINGER ALE - per case, 96 splits,$13.50, Less92.50 for return of caseand bottles. ISUAN WATER- per case, 96 splits,$8.75,Less$2.50 for return of caseand bottles.

JOHN ROTHSCHILD & CO.

ORDF]R O r d e r s a n d R e g u l a t i o n s i n G u a n i , S e c t io n L If , paragraph 1, page 149. A l l p e r s o n s o t 'e r 1 6 v e a r s o f a g e n 'h o h a v e n o t ve t o b t a i n e d c e l t i f i c a t e o f i c l e n t i f i c a t i c n n 'i l i b e g i r .e n to 1 5 N o v e m b e r , 1 9 2 6 t o o b t a i n s a n r e . A f t e r th a t d a te a n y p e r s o n o v e r 1 6 v e a r s o f a g e u . h o h a s fa i l e c.l to p r o v i d e h i m s e l f l r i t h c e r f i f i c a t e o f i d e n t i f i c a ti cn w i i l

be subj ect to an execnti ve fi ne of $5.00. Ifereafter al l persons uporr reacl ri ngthe age of 16 years w i l l be ai l ol ved 30 cl aysto ol -.i ai n certificate of i derrti fi cati on A nd fai l ure to cl o so .n-i l ibe subject t c an executi ve fi ne of $5.C 0. It i s the cl uti ' of al l Isl l nrl Offi ci al s to repo r t t o t he Fl eacl of P ol i ce D epartrl ent any person rvho f ails t o coui pl _vw i th tl ri s order. The C ommi ssi onersanciD eputy C omrni ssionelsar e hereb-vauthori zeclto col l ect the prescri l > edfee of 25/ for each certi fi cate of i cl erl ti fi cati oni sstreclald t o turn the monet' so col l ectecl the Isl ancl Tr easur _v. .i nto I,. S . S h apley Gcri -ernoro f G nam W here there i s hunger the l aw i s not regar clecl; anrl w here the l aw i s not regarcl erithere wili be hunger.


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Th e f ollor v ing no ti c e h ts b e e u i s s u e d d e s i g n ati ng 2 9 th O c f oberas i\ r bo i ' I)a v . siAVA i, trio\rI'RNt{ltNT o}' (iUA}I GolrnNuux:r l{ousn Gulrr l 1 O c tr-rb c r'1. 926 N OT IC D F'r'i day ,29 O c t ot re r,1 9 2 6 , i s l i e re b ;. rl e -.i g n ntttlas A,rb o r l) ay f or t he I s l a n d o f Gu a n i . It, i - *e11n. u1lylec o ru m e n d e dti ra t a l l i n h a b i ta rrtsr' f (;u i rn) obs er v et his d l y l -,yp l ri n ti n g trt' e s ,p rrrti c ul arl y r'h ',rsrev hos eiy oodis a n t-re s i s ti n sa n d th e re fo res tritabl e fo r h ous ec ou- qt r ucti o l r.' l ' h e p i ,p u l a ti c ' uo f th c l sl ancl i s i n c r eas ing, t he e n d o f th e r F e ri o d c l f g re a t ti n .:bcr si ri p m r : nt - cf r om No rth A m e ri c a i s a p p ro a c h i rg , antl u rtl e s st he pr es entge n e ra ti o nj n Gu a m ta k e s th o ught fo r th e f ut ur e t heir c l e s c e n d a n ts ma y b e c o rn p e l l edto i mp o r bt im ber f r om a g re a t J i s ta n c e :l u d a t g te a t cl ost. Th e pr - r blics c hoo l srv i l l o b s e rteth e d l y ti y p l a t ' ti rrg se e d lings . A n adc l i t,i o n a.* fo r di sl u p p l yo f s e e c i i i n g ,< tri b u tior - rt o ot her o rg rrrri z a ti o nosr p e rs o n s w l i o w i l l plrlnt t,hem u.nd tal<eproper care of -\'oungtrees. mry l te o b br iinedt hr ough th e H e a d o f D e p a rtn re n to f I Jduc:rl i o n , t he S uper in te rrd e n to f S c h o o l s o l P i i n c i pal s o f Schools , L . S . SH .\PL trl Y GovoRxonor. [iuarr I]. S. NAVAT, GOVERNMENT OF GUAI\{ J udici a rl ' D e P a rtm e n t Co u rt o f E q u i ty , Guam CIi -2 g 87- 26- Rit aA gu o n Wa l te rs (* g OS g )v s . T h o uras P. Wa' lt er s . Ac t ion: " DI V OR C E " . N o ti c e + l 8 O -2 6 Th e NA V A L G OV ER N N I]]N T OF G L rA \ { to . Th o m as P . W alt er s, Ifa ri n e B a rra c k s , N l a re Is l arrr', l Ca l i fo r nia, Unit ed S ta te s o f A m e ri c a . GR EE T IN G:

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235

THE GUAIVIRECORDER

N O V I' MI]ER 19 26

Yo u ar e her eby r e q u i re d to e n te r y o u r a p p e a ral rce i n th e Cler k t s O f f ic eo f th e a b o v e m e fl ti o n e d C ourt, a t Ag ana, G uanr , o n o r b e fo re F e b ru a ry 1 5 , 1927, a n d to ans wer t he c o n rp l a i n t o f th e p l a i n ti ff, a cop]' o f rvhic h is her et o a tta c h e d a n d h e re rv i th s errrecl l 1 p o n y ou. I f y ou fa i l to a p p e a r a n d a n s w e r rvi ti ri rr th e a for es aid t im e, th e p l a i n ti ff u ' i i l ta k e i u d g n rent a g a i ns t y ot i by de fa u l t a n d o b ta i n { rc m th e sai cl C o u rt s uc h r elief as ma y b e a p p l i c a b l e i n th i s case. Fu rth e r , s uc h f ailu re w i l l b e ta k e n a s a rv a i v er of I'o u r r ight t o be pr e s e n t a rrc la w a i v e r o f 5 to u r ri ght tc co n s ider at it ' r nwhe n th i s C o u rt re n d e rsi ts d e c isi on. WIT I { I J S S t he ll o n o ra b l e J . M. C a rn a c h o , S r,bsti tu te J udge, juc lge o f s a i d C o u rt, tl ri s fi fte e n th day o f October , 1926. .Iosr C. NfANreus:tN Clerk

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A.SABLAN ROSA SUN/iAY


236

THE GUAM RECORDEH

Interesting Comparison THE GUAMRECORDER By s ubs c r ipt ionto U . S., p e r y e a r Postageiriciuded \I/rappers with printed addresses Assured of going by first maii A ll r v ilhout t r o u b l e to r-t.ru . X' or non- s ubs c ri b e rsto U . S., p e r y e a r P er Copy 15 c e n ts Po,stageper copy 4 cents

$1.50

and 2 daughters,fani Jy of C hi e{ P } rarni ac ist 'sNI at e; I\' { rs.l \I.T. P achni anand son, fanri l y of C ' hi efYe<, m an; N urse A . P ebai rd, U .S .h* ; i l Ir. J.A . C arl so n,civilian ernpl oyee; Il rs. P . J. P enner. Li eut. E dw ard A . H yl and, (IIC D S ), U .S. N. , and fami l y; C aptai n Thornas P . C heatharn, U . S. I I . C. and fami i y; Li eut.-j g. Frederi ck G. A {errilj, ( liC) , U .S .N ., and fami l y; Mrrri ne Gunner F. X '. Wallace, U .S .Il .C ., artd frrmi l S ' .

$1.E 5 .48 $ 2 .33

N O T IC E Please renew your subscription to THE IIUAM RII CO RDt r R pr o mp tl y , s o th a t y o u w i l i n o t rni gser si ngle num ber , f o r o u r s u p p l y o f b a c k c o p i e si s l i nri ted.

NOTICE TOADVERTISERS Owing to the limited facilities for printing, - Advertisers are informed that, making ihangeJ in their advertisementsafter the 15th. of the monlh of issue, causesconsiderable inconvenience, and delays getting the paper out on time.

PLEASE MAKE YOUR CHANGES tsIFORE THE15TI{.

VITAL STATISTICS 0ctober 1926 Births Deaths

Female

TotaI

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11

1n

28

In cr eas eP opulati o n 33 Tot al P opulat ion to d a te Marriages October Total Marriages to date

4B 17,065

MAIL SCHEDULE (Approximate) Arrival U . S . A . T. Thomas U . S . S . Gol d S tar U . S . S . C hati n.ront U . S , S . P i ttsburg U . S . S . Il uron S . S . Grace D ol l ar

n' rorn S tntes X ' ron, Il ani l a From S tates n' rom S tates Frour l l ani l a From S tates

Nt . , v.2 ist . Nov. 27t h. l) ec. 5t h. Dec. 12t h. Dec. 15t h. Dec. 30t h.

urspatc n N etherl and S ubnari ne, K -13, V i a Y ap and &f aniln (P res. .$[adi son)S eattl e Dec. 13t h. , U . S . A . T. Thomas V i a tl ani l a (P res. Ta f t ) S an l ' ranci sco Dec. 29t h. U . q. S . C haumori b V i a l { -ani l a (P res. I\i cKinley) . S eattl e Jan. 9t h, 1927. V i a [Iani l a (P res. Jef f er son) U . S . S . P i ttsburg S eattl e Jan. 19. 1927. U . S . S . H uron S tates di rect S an F. Jnn. 8, ig27. (P res. Manila) S . S . (i race D ol l ar V i a l l ani l a S eattl e Feb. 11, 1927.

I/IETEOROLOG ICALOBSTRVATI ONS A gana, Guanr.

OO

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N oon - D ai l y - S eptembcr 1926. Averagedirection of rvincl IX-SE tr' Ia,* xi ururn w i nd mtrvemeni- 24 hrs. 166 I Uilcs I\{ i nu:rum n' i nd movemont- 2-l hrs. 58 'i

SHIPPING NOTES N O T IC E

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TO D E P A R T

T his in addit i o n to w ra p p i n g r s e a l i n g a d dressi ng, stamping, and taking to the posl-Officewith a possible ve x abiousdelay i n th e w a i ti n E Ii n e .

Male

N O V E M BEI{ 1 9 2 6

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T he f ollor v ing ra d i c h a s b e e n re c e i v e df ro ru C hi ef o f Nav ai O per ati o n s re l a ti v e to c h a n g e so f p ersonuel i n G uam v ia U. S . S. C h a u rn o n t: T O A R R IVE Lic ut . - Com dr . R . C . Sa tte rl e e , (I{ C ) U .S . N ., rvi fe a ri d s ou; Lieut . H . A. Ke e n e r, (M C ), U .S.N ., l ' i fe a n d daught er ; Li e u t.' f.W. S p e a r, (IIC D S ), U .S .N ., a n d wit e; Lieut . W . O. H i l tb i d l e , U .S.N ., rvi fe ancl d a ught er ; M r s . R . W i l k i n s o n a n d d a u q h te r fami l y o f R adiom an 1c l. M rs . D . J Sa u te r a n d 2 d a ughters, fa m ily of Chief Ma c h i n i s r' s Mn te ; l l rs . G. A . Muzi l < ar

lIa-xi rrruln vel,rcitv for Average velocity for Maximum barometer Minimum barometer

- t hr. 30 days

Total rainfall Average temperatr':re Seismograph records Quakes perceived

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THE GUAM RECORDER

NOVEMBER 1926

OBSERVATIONS METEOROLOGICAL A g a n a , Gu a m Noo n - D a i l y - Oc to b e r, 1 9 2 6

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A v er age dir ec ti o n o f w i n d M ax im um win d mo v e n te n t M inir num win d mo v e m e n t l\Iaximum velocity for' A v er age v eloc i ty f o r M ax im um bar c m e te r l{ inim um bar o mc te r T ot al r ainf all A v er age t er npe ra tu re S eis m ogr aph re c o rd s Quakes perceived

E ast 2 4 h rs . 2 26 nl i l cs 2 4 h rs . 64 .1 hr. 17 00 tl 3 1 d a 1 ' s 5 .27 2 9 .84 Inches r( 2 9 .62 1 1 .51 " 8 3 .8 D eg. 2 0

SEISMOLOGICAL RECORDS

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Of The Philippirre fslands. h{eets Second and Fourth Monday Evenings Stated Communication SecondMondav of the Month.

Aceua Loocp No. 1281 BENTVOLENT ANDPROTECTIVE ORDER OFELKS MpnrrNc Frnsr aNu

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..MEETtrNGS" Regular l\Ieetingsfirst Saturday of every nonth 8:00 P . M. General Meetings third Saturday of September , and }farch

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Oct. 26th. 2:06:30, p.m. Direction N.S E-W " 2('lh. 2'.22'30, p.m.

TIDETABLE OCTOBER. 1926

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Houss op l\{nnrrNcs Suxu,rv:I ' .' , S undayS chool -.--------, 9: 30 A, NL Preaching in English and ' C hamorro__10: 30A. N{. ' Chilclren's Life Trainins Classes-3:00 P.N{. Y oung P eopl e' s C hl i si i en E nci eavor - - 7: 00P. M . Preachingin English, Evangelistic 8:00 P.Xi. tsi bl e S chool Tuesday-- ---- ----- 7: 30 P. M . Midweek Prayer Nleeting Tirur., 8:00 P.M. \1-e corCialiy invite you to corne to any of these Servlces. A.L. Luttrull, Pastor.

Pnorns'rlhrt DtvIun Sunvrcns N,rver, Srarrox. Guel,r. L,Ioxru OF Novpr,reon The seri es of serrrrors enti tl ctl " A S <, r vice- Nf an's C reecl " rvi l l be concl uded thi s i l orth. I B el i eve i n I\{ y C cuntl v. (A n A rmi sti ct' D ay h{essage) 14 - vi i . I R el i eve i n the' Fut.ure Li fc. 2l - vi i i . I B el i cve i n h{ y l Iorue . Ti ra* ksgi vi ng l"I cssagc) 28. C .rtu;uti " l l 7 - vi .

areheldevery Sunday: Services l 0:00 A .I' L 11:00 A .M. 7:30 P .N 4.

Mrl i nc B nt' recks,S ttmay S couti ngS quadron, N o. O ne, Sum ay D orn H al l . A eana W . R . FI aI I C htpl ai n, II. S. Navy


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The Guam Recorder Vol.3, No. 8 November 1926  

In partnership with the Micronesian Area Research Center, Guampedia is e-publishing the Guam Recorder. The Guam Recorder was a monthly maga...