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THE BOSTON TEA PARTY 154 YEARSAGO T hing s Re vo lutio nar y , t hat is his t or ic ally s o , a r e of esp ecial in tere st t his m ont h bec aus e of t he b i r t h leade r e n annive rsa ry of tlie gr eat r ev olut ionar y shrine d in An :eric ar r hez r r t s as t he Fat her o f h i s C ountry. S t aid, so be r, ultr a- dignif iec l Ros t on of t o- day , r , r r a s in i77 3 the stap ;efor lhe m os t dar ing and adv ent u r o u s 'lhe c ar ' ; r lier blood of Vir ginia even of even ls. could no t ca rry, its people t o t ir e lengt hs t hat Pu r i t a n B osto nia ns wefit, as t i: ne af t er t im e t hey f lung b a c k X{ as - qac h u s e t t s the dicta of King and per liam ent . rvas se eth irrg an C Bos t oir was t he c ent er c f t he s t a g e . It w as aro un cl Bo s t on t hat t hings happened, s o n a t urally the a dven tr.r r ous s pir it s wer e dlau' n t o Bo s t o n ' It r'vas h:re rtrat the fifty blanketed figures. me an t to be m is t ak en f or N lohawk Ii:c1ia ns, n' ho s t ole f r om B rst orr wli-rrI thrt night of Dc c et nber 16, 177 3, bo .rrde d t he r . hr ee I inglis h ships laden r,vith the r'ruch desired tea which b ore th e r nuc ir hat ed t ax . ' fhe tea wa s ch eap, 1' es , c heaper than Bcsto n h ad e v er had, s o c heap that the tea cou ld be bought and t he tax pa id fo r le ss t han any c olnpany heil e ve r inrp orie d it . The dif ler enc e in th e price was the v alue t he English g overn men t s et on Am er ic an prirrciple . Boston ians gav e dr am at ic and effe ctive de m ons t r at ion t hat A merican gro wn pr inc r nle was strrrd ier t han inherite d En glish,a ppetit e. A de ca de o r mo re t he struggle had been going on. Ve ry little it seem s to th e world to -da y t hat they a sked . Very iit t le it see med , to o, to t hos e people who o ut of a w ilde rne ss an d a gains t

a d ve r s e c ondit ions o f e v e ry k i n d h a d b u i l t h onres, ci ti e s , c ount ies , s ta te s , a n d g o v e rn e d th e m. They only as k ed th a t th e l ' s h o u l d h a v e re p resentati o n in t he body t h a t m a d e l a n ' s w h i c h w e re i m posed u p o n t het n. T ax a ti o n w i th c u t re p re s e n ta tionw as th e i r pr ot es t . They s t ood on a ma tte r o f p ri n c i p l e . T h e mother co u n t r y s t ood on a rx a tte r o f p re s ti g e . L a w after l a w s he pas s edt o m a k e th e m fe e l a n d a c k n o w l edge h e r por v er ,and eac hti rre { o u n d i t n e c e s s a ryto rel real th e l a w t o m aint ain th a t p re s ti g e , u n ti l s h e h a d been fo rce d t o us e s t r at e g y . T h i s w a s th e te a ta x, fol j l o wed by t hr ee s hi p -l o a d so f te a , s o c h e a p , ta x and a l l , that t he poor es t c o u l d e a s i l y a ffo rd th e c h oi cest o f te a.

N e w s o f t h e c o m i n g o f t h e s e s h i p s c a u s e d su ch a f t t r o r e a s h a d n o t b e e n d r e a m e d p o s s i b i e a t t h e ti n e of the Stainp Act. C o n s i g n e e s f e a r e d f o r li fe a n d property and the governor, servant of the King, was i n a d e l e m m a w i t h s m a l l s u p i r o r t i n t h e n :i d st o f He dared not order an angry, deterrnined people. t h e t e a l a n d e d a n d h e d a r e d n o t o r C e r t h e s h i p s b a ck to England without their clearing papers. T h e p r o b l e n w a s s o l v e d b y t h e f i f t y b l a n ke te d f i g u r e s a r m e d r , v i t h h a t c h e t s , a r m s w h i c h v 'c u l d sp l i to l r e n p a c k i n g c a s e s . E a c h s h i p w a s b o a r d e d a n d th e entire cargo of tea was poured into Boston Harbor. G e o r g e \ \ r a s h i n g t o n , t h e C o m m a n d e r - i n - C hi e f of t h e A t n e r i c a n f o r c e s d u r i n g t h e R e v o l u t i o n a r y Wa r

and the fi rst presi dent of the Unit ed S tates,w asborn on Fri dal ' , Fe br uar y 22d,7732. H e w as of E nglish decent, hi s great-grandfathe r , John W ashi ngton, havi ng corceto the new country fronr Y orkshi re, Ii ng lr nd in 1657. George \I,' ashi ngton' sa ncest or settl ed i n V i rgi ni a al ong the Pot om ac and R appahanock ri vers, i nd, at t he begi nni ng of the str trggl e for inclependence,theW a,.hington fanr i1ywas one of the w eal thi est i n the count r y. W ashi nston had servedi n the m ili tary servi ceof V i rgi ni a and ha clplayed a promi nent part i u the exp eciit ion asainst the French anci Indians rryhich r e s u l t e d i n t h e d e fe a t a n d c l e a t h o f t h e Br i ti str g e n e r a l , B r a d d o c k. H e t o o k c o m na n d o f the Continental army al. C a n r b r i d g e , M a > s., Ji r l 5 ' 3 d , 1 7 7 5 , u n c l e r a co l n m i s s i o n b ; , ' C o n gr e ss,o r r J u n e 1 7 t h . t h a t ve a r . A f t e r u 'i n n i n g t h e R e r r o l u t i o n a r y Wa r , h e to o k l e a v e o f h i s f o r ce s a n d f o r m a l l y r e s i g n e d h i s c o m m i s s i o n a s I 'i e u t e n a n t Oe n eral ancl Cornmander-in-Chief , and, at the age of 57, w a s f i r s t i n a u g u r a t e d a s t h e f i r s t P r e s i d e n t o f th e U n i t e d S t a t e s i n 1 7 8 9 . I I e s e r v e d t w o t e r t n s , r e fu si n g a t h i r d t e r m , a n d t e t i r e d t o p r i v a t e l i f e i n 1 79 7 . T h e r e s t o f h i s d a l 's w e r e s p e n t o n h i s sp l e n d i d estate, at Mt. Vernon, on tlte Potomac River and it w a s r v h i l e r i d i n g o v e t h i s p l a n t a t i o n i n a s e v e r e sto r m t h a t h e c o n t r a c t e d t h e c o l d r v h i c h c a u s e d h i s d e a th . H e p a s s e d a l v a y o n a S r t u r d a y n i g h t b e i w ee n th e h o u r s o f t e n a n d e l e v e n o n t b e f o u r t e e n t h . o f D e ce n r ber,1799. Wa s h i n g t o n w a s a m a n o f p o w e r f u l p h y s i q u e , o ve r s i x f e e t i n h e i g h t w i t h s a n d y h a i r , h l u e e y e s, b i g h a n d s a n d f e e t . I f e w a s n o t a p r o h i b i t i o n i s t a n d u 'a s a h o r s e b a c k r i d e r , a h u n t e t a n d a f i s h e r m a n . IIe a n d a l l h i s f a m i l y w e r e i l e m b e r s o f t h e E p i s c o p a l Ch u r cl r .


294

THE GUAM RECORDER

FEBRUARY 1927

MODERN CHINESE HISTORY AND TIIB RISB OF THE CHINESE REPUBLIC ls trublis4edfu the Huran Fla:Alight

D urin g the Min g dy nas t y China u' as c ont in u a l l y hatra ssed by th e T ar t ar s of r nid- As ia, and in 1 6 3 4 the rva rlike Nla nchus r v er e adm it t ed as t he def e n d e r s of the co llntry b Llt r eally as t he f ut ur e r uler s , f o r i r . r i641 a Man ch u prin c e s ec ur ed t he t hr one and f o u n d el. t he d irna sty rvh ic h r uled unt il 1911. The N {a n chus forced the Chines e m en t o wear t he p l a i t e d qt leue, no t lvitho ut s om e oppos it ion at f ir s t . Gradualiy th e l\{a nchu s r v er e as s im ilat ed t o t he r v a ; r s 6 f the Chin ese, an d in r los t c as es t he nr et hods o f a d nrinistra tion a nd th e c us t om s of t he c ount r y r em a i n e d as they ha d be en . A nar r oiv polic y r egar ding f o r e i g n nations h ad be en s t ar t eC under t he M ings aud r v a s continue d un de r the NI anc hus . Diplom at ic i n t e r course with oth er nat ions t hey c ould not under st a n d , since to th em the Em per or $' as t he Son of lf e a v e n and ira d n o eq ua ls , s c all who appr oac hed h i n r , includ ing amb assa dor s f r om f or eign nat ions , h a d t o do it as vassa ls br inging t r ibut e. the Nat ur ally W ' este rn na tion s failed t o ac c ept t his point of v i e w , w hich led to increa s ing f r ic t ion as O c c ident al r n e t Orien tal an d carrie d on v as t c onm er c ial ent er p r i s e s of mu tua l va lr,re. The Por t ugues e Er er e t he f ir s t i n the co mmercial field of China but gav e up t he le a d e r ship even tua lly to E ngland. I n 1840 oc c ur r ed w h a t is known as the O pium W ar bet r v een China a n d E nglan d, th ou gh the r eal is s ue was not opium b u t the r igh t to ca rry on t r ade and hav e pr ot ec t io n i n doing so . As a res ult of England' s v ic t or y c e r t a i n pcrt s we re op en ed t o f or eigh t r ade, t o t he bene f i t o f ot her na tion s a s well as England. I n 1856- 7 Fr a n c e joined Eng lan d in anot her war as t he les ult o{ w h i c h it w as ag ree d th at Eugland and Fr anc e m ight l 'r a v e tniniste rs at Pe kin 3, r v hile China lv as t o be r e p r e sented a t Lo nd on a nd Par is . Two y ear s lat er t h e w ar was re ne wed r , r ' hen t he Chines e I m per ial G o r 'ernme nt h ad re fused t o r at if 5' t he t r eat l' alr e a d y entered in to. It w as dur ing t his n' ar t hat t he S u r n mer Pa lace, Yue n N{ ing Yuen, was bur nec l. } Ie a n w hile th e Taip ing r ebellion had been going on a n d the lead er of the ' 'L or r g Hair ed Rebels ' ' hac l as s u m e c l

th e t it le of " Heav e n l y Ki n g " a n tl s e t u p h i s gor' l h i s re b e l l i o n a g a i n st the e rn m ent at Nank in g . l ,{a n c huswas not s e ttl e d u n i i l 1 8 6 4 , r,v h e nth e f orces l e d at f ir s t by t he A m e ri c a n F re d e ri c k W a rd and l a te r by t he B r it i s h C h a rl e s (). Go rd e n . c a p tured Na n k ing. Unt il 1 8 7 3 th e C h i n e s e E m p e ro r had re fu s ed t o giv e per s o n a l a u d i e n c e to th e a rn b a ssadors o f fo reign c ount r ies a n d th u s a c k n o w l e g e d th e e qual i ty o f ot her r uler s rv i th h i ms e l f, b u t th i s h e final l y d i d o n J une 29, 187 3 . T h e a u d i e n c e h e g a v e o n that d a y t o t he r epr es e n ta ti r,e so f R u s s i a , th e Uni ted Sta tes , G r eat B r it ia n , F ra n c e a n d H o l l a n d marked th e fi nal br eak ing d o w n o f C h i n e s e i s o l a ti o n a nd the re co gnit ion of t he G re a t Po r,v e rso f th e w o rl d a s the 1

.

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equal s of C hi na. In 1895-1896came the C hineseJapaneseW ar, w hi ch resul ted i n vi ctory for Japan, though the victor was forced by the great world pow ers to rel i nqui sh certai u terri tori al pri zes t hey \,veredemandi ng. In 1897 Germany sei zedt he por t of Tsi ngtau by w ay of reparati on for the mu r der of tw o German mi ssi onari es. R ussi a meanrn'hileobtai ned a l ease of P ort A rthur and surrounding terri tory, together rn' i th ri ch rai l road conce ssions. As an offset Great Britain cbtained \tr'ei-hai-r.veifor as l ong a peri ocl as the R ussi ans shoul d ho ld Por t A rthur. C hi na seemed to au' aken to the need of reform i f the country $rere to be saved from t he \' veaknessw hi ch threatenednati onal i i fe, and in 1898 edi cts w ere i ssued from the P al acer,vhi chsee m edt o poi nt to C hi na' s regenerati on. B ut the for ces of reacti on l ed by the Il mpress D ol ,vager gai ned t he suprenacy, and i n 1900 the anti -forei gn dem onst r ati ons that marked the reacri onary supremacy lecl t o the B oxer U pri si ng duri ng rvhi ch nrany fore igner s w ere ki l l ed, i ncl udi ng theC hancel l or of the Japanese f,egati on, and the German A mbassador. The Ailied Forcer fi na11y rel i eved the embattl ed l egat ions in P eki ng on A ugust 14th. A mong other requi r enr ent s of the settl ement agreed upon, C hi na w as for ced t o arrange for the paymeht of an i ndemnit y of $333,000,000. The A meri can porti on of thi s inder uni ty w as set asi de for the purpose of educat ing C hi nesestfl derl tsi n A meri can school s. The tri umph of Japan over R ussi a (R usso-Japan- esq W ar 1904-05)reactedon C hi na very strongi y thr oir gh spurri ng on the Imperi al rul er to a more progr essive pol i cy and by arvakeni ng among the peopl e a new nati onal consci ousness.For duri ng thi s peri od t her e n' ere l arge numbers of C hi nese students i n Japan, rvho w ere absorbi ngthe enthusi asmof Japan, and in C hi na i tsel f w ere l arge nuntbers of Japanesetea cher s, mi l i tary i nstructors and engi neers. A 1so, bo t h nati ons at w ar foundecinew spapersas propagandacar ri ers, and through thi s means a l arge i ncre ase in new spaper readers took pl ace. X {eann' hi l ea ver y effi .ci entarmy of ruore than 50,000men w as de velopecl under forei gn l eadershi pby Y uan S hi I(ai , at t hat ti me V i ceroy of C hi hl i , and l ater succes-sorof t he famous C hi nese statesman and P rerni er, Li Hung C hang. In 1905by Inperi al E di ct four conrn'r issicns w ent abroad to stttcl 5'forei gn governments, one of them vi si ti ng the U ni ted S tates i n 1906. In Sept ember, 1905, the ol d system oi l i terary exami n at ions for pol i ti cal offi ces w as abol i shed, and most of t he ol d exanri nati on hal l s w ere changed i nto schcols l ' vhere forei gn sci encesw ere taught by both f or eign and nati ve teachers. B ut the prorni sesfor bet t er ar r d more l i beral gorzernmentw ere parti al l y :,nd r , er - vr el uctantl y carri ed out, and the much-desi redcallins


FEBRUARV 1927

THE GUAM RECORDF]R

of a na tion al pa rliam ent , pr or uis ed f or i907, was a t t h e tit ne d efe rred in de finit ely . The deat h of t he Em p r e s s D ow age r an d o f tlre r eigning Em per or Ku' angs u , i n N oveilb er, 19 08 , r eur ov ed t he gr eat es t opponen t s o f ref oru r, fo r th e n er v ELr per or , a br ot her of t he l a s t oire, came to tire thr one as an inf ant , t hus lea v i n g tne rea l iea de rsh ip in t he hands of his liber al fa t i r e r as regeni. l{owever, forces rvere at $:ork $'hich brought a bo ut larg er c hanges t han an5- one t hen f o r e sau/. For ma ny year s I ) r . Sun Yat Sen, a Cant o n e s e by birth , ed Lrcate d in Fiouolulu, and c iev ot ed to t h e rep' ablica n cau se , ha d been agit at ing f or a r eput , l i c a n gorrer ntn en t fo r Cir ina. ' lhat he r v as gr eat ly f e a r e d by th e co nservatives and r eac t ionar ies is s hor v n b y the atte urp t, in 1 89 6. t o k idnap hir n in London. He rvas se ize d o ne d av.on a s t r eet , r us hed t o t he Chi n e s e E nl: assy, an ci n 'ou ld hav e been s pir it ed out o f r h e cot lrltrv an cl e xe cu ted or r c e he t r . as in China. But through th e in terfe r enc e of t he Br it is h G ov er nm e n t he w as t'ele ased n nd c ont inued t o c ar r r . on hi s o r .ganiza tion an d pro paganda 1lr olk f r om Am e r i c a , flurope, an d Ja pa n. I I e n' as one who c ] r eam ed a b o u t throwin g off th e l { anc ht - r y ok e, and wir o ac t u a l l ; z took a d,"'an tag e of a r ailway s t r ik e in Sz ec liuen P r o vince to sta rt a re v olut ion in I 911. The r e v o l t against the Ma nchus s oon s pr ead all ov er Ch i n a . Ttre one nran rvho might har.'e saved tlie situaticn for the \{an ch us lyas Yuan Shi Kai, who had been d i s missed fron office on t he ac c es s ion of t he ner v E m peror. IIe r"'a s fina 1ly r ec a1led, but by t his t im e , t h e rert olution wa s tco r v el1 under r v a1, , and t he m o s t b e cctrld do lr'as to sec ur e good t er m s f c r t he abdic a t i o n of t he Elnp eio r, lvh ic h t ook plac e Fe- br uar l' 7, i r 9 1 2 . ' lhis ma rke d the e nd of a d; ' nas t y t hat had r u l e d . C hina sin ce 16 44 . At t he c lat e of t he abc lic at iou D r . S un Ya t Sen w'as alr ead} ' s it t ing as Pr es jdent c f t h e P rovis ion ai Re pu blic r v ir h it s c apit al at Nr nlt ing. A s soon as the do lvn fall of t he Nlanc hus u- as ac t u a l l y eccomp lish ed Dr. Su n r es igned as Pr es ident , m a k i n g \r' ay for Yua n.Sh i Kai who \ y as elec t ec l b1' t he N a tional Assemb ly. A mong o the r re for m s of t he Republic , t he q u e u e r,vasa b olisired a nd the binding of v l' om en' s f eet p u t under th e b an . The polic ies of t he new pr es i d e n t did not ah va ys su it t he m or e liber ai r epr iblic ans , . n . h o seem to ha ve be en jus t if ied in t heir s us pic ion s o f Y uan by wha t to ok plac e wit hin f iv e y ear s . Fo r h e soon m en ag ed to Co ar v ay wit h t he lar ger par iiam e n t , w hich was a b od y of c ons ider able num ber s bas e d o n populatio n, an d su bs t it ut e a Nat ional As s em bl 5 - o r A dvisory Cou ncil. He t hen t hr ough v ar ious r n e a l r s hrd pe tition s pre se nt ed, as k ing t hat Yuan be m a <i e E mper or in pla ce of t he depos ed l\ { anc hu r u 1 e r . F inally on Decemb er 15, 1916, Yuan ac c ept ed t h e imperial cro wn, an d began c r eat ing duk es , bar o n s , and oth er royalty. The bet t er of his adv is or s s lip p e d away on va riou s p ret ex t s , k nor v ing t hat t be t en r p e r of the pe op le u'o uld not long aliow y uan t o usu r p authority in this way . They wer e c or r ec t in t h i s judgmen t, for very s oon t he whoie of China w a s seethin g with rep ub lic an r ebellion, and on M ar c h 2 3 , 1916, Empe ror Yua n $/ as f or ied t o go t hr c ugh t h e humiliatio n of ren ou nc . ing his c laim s , and on J un e 6

295

he di ed, l eavi ng the V i ce P resi dent I,i Y uan Hung as hi s successcr. I)uri ng the fi fteen years of t he C hi nese R epubl i c' s exi stence there have bee n m any di sturbances, C ue partl y to the i nvol ved state of t he country' s fi nances, partl y to the cl ai ms of f or eign g' overnments on C hi na and thei r i nterferenc e wit h her affai rs, partl y to the si ze cf the coti ntry and it s l ack of uni ty, and partl y to the j eal ousi esof th e general s n' ho have carri E d on u arfare amon6ithen r selves al most conti nE ol l sl y duri ng these years. The ci vi l n' ars devel opedseveral overl ords o r g€neral s to eacl i of w honr a certai n porti on of C h ina f ell under hi s " sphere of i nfl uence.' i C hang hel d M ongol i a and \\' as supported nore or l ess bv Japan; Feng, n' ho w as backed by R ussi a, had tl :e por t ion of C hi na that .r' rras north of P eki n and a consider able part of the cotrntrv frcm the great w al l south , n, hile W u control l ei l the provi nces ol w hi ch H ankcn is t he i nr - ^^ -1l- :1 r r^:l r l r-pdr

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s e l l 'e s t h a n f o r C h i n a a n d t h e a n t i - f o r e i g n s e nti r r e n t did not affect them very much. I t t o o k t h e C a n t o n s t r i k e a n c l b o y c o t t t o b r i n g to l i f e t h e a n t i - f o r e i g n f e e l i n g t h a t h a d b e e n l f i ng 6 e t- mant since the Boxer rebellion. T h e f i r s t c l a sh e s rvere between the Cantone-se and the Rritish and in S e p t e m b e r o f l a s t J / e a r a F r e n c h o i i v e s s e l w a s se j ze d and France rvas in ihe field. Dr. Y a t - s e n r v a s t h e t a l e n t e d i e a c l e r o f th e -Qun s o u t h e r n a r m y a n d a f t e r h i s d e a t h , a f e r v m o n th s a g o , t h e C a n t o n e s e r r e r e l e f t w i t h o u t a n y l e a d e r cf ( Cantinurl an page .?15)

TH E GU A M R TC OR D E R Publishe<l }fonthly at Agana_, Guam. For Progress, Educatioir and l)evelopment i rr tl i i s Isl and W. lV. Rorvley

Iiditor

A ssocrA TE E ortons H .G. H orl bostel S . R .V andenberg \V . G. Johnston I,. N el son X frs. J. C . Fl eck W.\V . R ow i ey - B usi rress 1V l anager S ubscri pti onterms and D i recti ons To U ni tcd S tatr's arrd possessi ors. One Y ear, rz i ssues $1.50, per C opy 15 cents. To C anada, One Y ear, - - - - $2.00 To Foreigrr Countrie-., One Year, - - $2.00 CHAI{GES0F ADDRESS. Subscribeis must .qjve otcl as x'eIl as nerv address. If 1-ou do not getl "ourpaper rcgul cr1y..or prorri ptl .r' no,"i i 1' us. Wc si ppi y oti r*i ng numbers if requested in trlne. RENEWALS. When renewing always state that vour subscription is a renen-al, atd if your address has Leen chang.ed, _ give forner address. \Ve receipt your sub_ scription by starting the paper. FRR0RS. \Ire ma1:e thern sometimes. If you have cause {or coniplaint please u'rite us. V/e siiil do our patt. Give us credit for intention to deai fairly. Ad_ dress. TH E GU A M R E C OR D E R A,GA N A ,GU A M.


296

TIXE GUAM RECORDER

I.'EBRUARY 1927

TI.I[Vi;YAGT AROUT{D THTtl'd(]RLD BY GTORGE AI.{SON, E$Q. LATER L0RDANS0N;CCMMANDER lN CHiEF0F A SQUADR0N 0F HIS MAJESTY'S SHIPS As compiled frcm his papers, by the Reverend filr.WaiterChaplain of the CENTURION G':orge i,r'asirr commancl of a scliradi'ou of Fln'\nsou glish ship s, se nt to r he Anr er ic as and t heSor t hS e a s , to harass the Spa r r ir lr c is , at iac k r ileir c it ie s , an d d e s troy the ir tr;de . I r r c ident aiiy t he v oy age was o n e o f explora liol, as c.r:t be s eel f r or n t he i) aper s le f t b e hinii. lh e sq ua dro n c ons is t ed of t he Ceniur ian , s i x t y girns irn d. 4 00 irren , c om r landed by Ans on; lbe G h u cest er,5 O gu us an d 3C0 ut eo, c om r nanded by I iic h a r d Norr:is; the tlevern, 50 trutrs ancl 300 nien, couturancled by Ed warrl fe gg ; t ie ! - ' ear e, 40gir ns and 250 n l e n , conran de d by X{a tt hew \ { it c hell; t he f iI ager , 2g g u n s and 150 men, colnur:tntlecl b-v Dandy Krdrl; rl'te 'l-rya1, 8 guns and 100 r1eit, comrranrled by Joirn lv{urray z.r.rcl tw c victua liing shi ps . Tir ey lef t Er gla. nd Se p t e m ber 1 8, 17 40 , co nvo) ' ing a nunr ber of m er c hiLn t m e n . S pa ce d oe s uct per r uit t r ili ng of t he c r iiis ing a n c l adve ntu res, b ut the f ollor , i' ir : g ex t r ac t s r elat e t o t h e fadi- on es, a nil the Spilnis h t r ade ac r os s t be Pa c i f i c . " lh is tra cle to Ac apulc o is not laiil open t o a l l t i r e iithabita nts of X{a nila, but is c onf inec l by r . er y p a r t i clri:rr reg u.l.,rticns, s om elv ir at analogons io t ho s e b y rv.rich the trad e of t he r egis t er s hips f r om Cat T i z I o the We st Ind ies is r es t r ai ned. ' lhe s hips enr J r l 6 5 '6 d here iu a re f on nci b1- t he Kir : g of S1_, ain,r v ho pay s t h e of f icers a ncl crerv; and t he t onnaEe is c iiv jc jec j i n t o a cert ain nn mbe r o f bales , all of t ir e s ant e s iz e" f'h e s e are ciistribu ted a mongs t t he c onr , ' ent s at M anila , b u t princip ally to th e J es uit s , as a c lonat ion t o s u p p o r t their rnissio rrs, for t he pr opagat ion c f t he Ca t h o i i c frrit h. The cotrvetr t s hav e t her ebv a r ic ht 1o c r l b a r k suclt a q iran tity oi gooc is on boar d t lr e f lar r ilr . . 1 r i J . s , as the to nn ag e of t lieir beles anr ount t o; or if t h e - v ch, . -r sen ct to b e co nc er ned in t r ade t ir em . qs ly E. s ,t h e l z hal' e th e p oirle r oi s eili' . r g t his pr iv ilege t o ot l t e r s . N or is it i-rlco mmon, r v hen t he m er c hant s t o w h c m they se l1 the ir sh ar e is unpr : ov ided of a s t oc k , f o r t h e conve nts to le nd h im c ons ider able s um s c f r nc n e y o r bot to nr 1 1'. "T he tra de is, b , v t he r oy ai ec lic t s , lim it ec l t o a c e r tain va lue , lvirich t he annual c z r r g. oought n o t t o excee d. Some Spanis h m anns c r il; t s m ent ic n t h i s lirnitatio n to b c 60 0. 000 t loil: , r s : bir t r lr e anr r ual c a r g o does ce rtain ly strr pas s t his s ur n; alr i t lior : gh i t n r a l ' be ciifficu lt to fix it s ex ac t v a1ne, ] z et , f r om m a n l r comparison s, the r et ur u c annot be m uc h s ho r t o f three millio ns of d c 11ar s . "T his tra de fro m M : r nila t o Ac apulc o, and b a c k again, is u stra lly c ar r ier l on in one, or at nt os t t w o annual ship s, n'h ic h s et s ail f r on hlaniia abc iit J u 1 1 . , and a rrive at Acap ulc o on t he Dec ent ber , J an u a r l ', or . rieb rua ry follo wing; and hav ing t he n di: pc : e d c f their e fiects, retu rn f r om } , I aniia s om et in: e in M a r c h , rvhere th ey g en er aliy ar r iv e in J une; s o t ha t t h e w hole vo ya g'e takes np v er y liear an ent ir e J ' ea r . " A nson d escrib es t he par t ic ular s of nav igat ic n o r . r the East b ou nd vo y age, dur ing whic h 1i. e s h i p <1 i d uot to uch at Gua m, and ihen pr oc eec ls : -

" I h e g a l l e o n b e i n g f i t t e d i n o r d e r t o h e r r e tu r n , t h e c a p t a i n , o u l e a v i n g t h e p o r t o f A c a p u i c o , ste e r s f o r t i r e l a t i i u d e o f 1 3 0 o r 1 4 o , a n d t h e n c o n ti n u e s on that parallel, tiil he gets sight of the Island of G n a m , o n e o f t h e L a d r o n e s . I n t h i s r u n t h e ca p ta i n is particuiarly dircctecl to be careful of the Shoals of S t . B a r t h o l m s l , , r i n d o i t h e I s l a n d o { G a s p a r i co . I{e is also told in liis itistructions, that. to prer-ent his p a s s i n g t h e L a d r o n e s i n t h e d a r k , t h r o u g h a l l th e r n o n t h o f J u n e , f i r e s s h a l 1 b e i i g h t e c l e v e r l ' n ig h t o n t i r e h i g h e s t p a r t o f G u a m a n d I {o t a . " A t G u a m t h e r e i s a s m a 1 l S p a n i s h g a r r i s o n, p u r p o s e l y i n t e n d e C t o s e c u r e t h a t p l a c e f o r t h e r e fr e sh nrent of the galleon. F l o n - e v e r , t h e d a n g e r o f th c road at Guanr is so great, that though the galleon is ordered to call there, yet she rarely stays abole a day o r t w o , b u t s t e e r s a w a y d i r e c t l y f o r C a p e E sg .r i r i tu Santo, on the Islancl of Samar. " A n s o n d e s c r i b e s s c - r 'e r a l p a r t s o f t r I c x i c o , te 1 1 so f t h e t a k i n g o f a t r e a s u r e s h i p , a n d t h e u p r c c e e d s t- o an account of his vol.age acro-(sthe Pacific:" Wh e n , o n t h e 6 t h o f N I a y , 1 7 4 2 , w e le ft th e C o a s t o f A m e r i c a , w e s t o o d t o t h e s o u t h t e s t , n i th a v i e w o f m e e t i n g t h e n o r t t e a s t t r a c i e - w i n d , n 'h j ch t h e a c c o u n i s o f f o r m e r w r i t e r s t a u g h t u s t c e xp e ct a t seventy or eigllty leagues fronr the land. We h a ci b e s i d e s a n o t h e r r e a s c n l o r s t a n d i n g t o t h e so u th $rard, whicli was the getting into the iatitude o{ l3o o r 7 4 o n o r t h ; t h a t b e i n g t h e p a r a l i e l r , v h e r e th e P a c i f i c C c e a n i s m o s t u s u a i l y c r o s s e d , a n d co n se q u e n t l y w h e r e t h e n a v i g a t i o n i s e s t e e m e d t h e sa fe st; t h i s l a s t p n r p o s e $ 'e h a d s o o r r a i l s w e r e c l , b e i ng i n a Il u t d a y o r t ''l 'o s u f f i c i e t r t l y a c l v a n c e d t o t h e s o u t h . t i r o u g h y J e $ / e r e a t t h e s a m e t i n l e n ; o r e c l i s t i l n t fr ctr t h e s h c r e , t h a n , w e i r a d p r e s u m e d u 'a s n e c r s sa r y fo r t h e f a l 1 i n g i r r w i t i r t h e t r a d e - r v i n d ; y e t i n t t i i s p a r ti cu l a r w e l v e r e m o s t g r e . ; i o u s l y c l i s a p p o i n t e d ; i i n ,a s s e v e n w e e k s , f r o m o u r l e a v i n g t h e c o a s t , b e f cr e w e got into the trade-rvinds. T h i s r . v a s a n i n t e r va l i n rvhich we hacl at first beiieved rve shoriicl well nright h a r r e r e : l c h e d t i r e e a s t e r n r r t o . r t p a r t s o f A - *i a ; ti r t r r e lvere so bafileci lvith contrat'-v ancl variable '"r'inds, t h a t w e w e r e n o t : r s y e t a d v a n c e d a b o r . e a f c u l ti r o f T h e d e l a y a l o n e u 'o u 1 c l h a v e b e e n a str ffi the rlay. c i e n i n r o r t i E c a t i o n ; b u t t l i e r e x 'e r e o t h e r ci r cu m s t a n c e s a t t e a c l i n g i t , n 't r i c h r e n d e l - e d t h e s i tu a ti cn n o t l e s s t e r r i b l e , a n d o u r a p i - 'r e l . l e n s i o n sp e r b a p s sti l l F ct cttr greater than in aty of ortr ;rast calanities: t r , v o s h i p s w e r e b y t h i s t i m e e x t r e m e l i ' c r a z y; a n cl m a n : , ' d a y s h a d n o t p a s s e d b e f c r e w e d i s c o ve r e c.l a s p r i n g i n t h e f o r e m a s t o f t h e C e n t u r i c n , v'l i i ch r o u n d e d a b o u t t r i 'e n t 1 r - s i x i n c h e s o f i t s c i r c u r u f er a n ce , 3 1 d q , i - r i c h$ 'a s j o d g e d t o b e a t i e a s t f o u r i n c h e s <i e e p . A n d n o s o o n e r h a d t t r r e c a r p e n t e r s s â&#x201A;Ź c u r e d t h j s m a st w i t h f i s h i n g i t , t h a r r t h e ( ) l o u c e s t e r m a c l e a s ig n a l o f d i s t r e s s , t o i n f o r r n u s t h a t - s h e h a d a s p r i n g j n h e :m a i n - m a s t , t r r 'e l r 'e f e e t b e l c r n 't h e t r u f i e i - t r e e s ; n 'ti ch


i,.EBRUARY 1927

THE GUAM RECORDER

a p p e ar ed.s o dangero u sth a t s h e c o u l rl n o t c a rry any sa i l upon it . O ur c a rp e n te r, o n a s tri c t e x a n :i nati cfl o f th i s m as t , f ound i t e x c e s s i v e l yro tte n a n d d e cal ' ed; a n d i t bc ing judge d n e c e s s a ry to c u t i t d o r vn as l o rv as it was def e c ti v e . l { ' c tw i th s ta n d i n g th a t the fre sh pr ov is ions ' w e re d i s tri b u te d a mc n g s t th e si ck, a n d t he whole c r e w o fte n fe d u p o n fi s h , n o t w i thsta n d ing t he gr eat a tte n ti o n p a i d to c i e a n i n g and ke e p ing t he s hips a i ry a n d s \v e e t;y e t n e i th e r w ere ti re s ic k r eliev ed, o r th e p ro g re s so r u ra l i g n i ty o f the d i se as eat all abat e d ." An s on c ont inues rv i th a n a c c o u n t o f o th e r means ta ke n t o c om bat t h e s c u rv 5 ' ,th o u g h n o n e w e re real 1y e ffi ca c ious . B ut a n e w c a i a m i ty b e fe l l rv h e n it w as fo u nd, nec es s ar y ' t oa b a n d o n th e Gl o u c e s te r b e cause o f her bad c ondi ti o n ; th e tw .o c re rv s w e re thus cro rv ded on one s h i p . Br.rt th e v o y a g e c o n t i nued th ro u gh gales and h e a v 5 rs e a su n i i l :"O n t he 23d. ( o f Au g u s t), a t d a y .b re a k rw € \' r/€r€ ch e e r ed wit h t he d i s c o v e ry o f t$ ' o i s l a n < l s o n the we st er n boar d, u' h i c h p ro v e d to b e An a ta c o n and Se ri gan. T his ga v e u s a 1 l g re a t j o y , a n d ra i s ed our d ro o ping s pir it s : f o r ti 1 1th e n a n u n i v e rs a l d e j ecti on h a d s eiz edus , and w e a l m o s t d e s p a i re do f e v e r s eei ng l a l rl again. B y t he n e x t rn o rn i n g $ ' e w e re g o t so far '.o th e wes t lr r ar d,th a t n ' e n ' e re i n s i g h t o f a thi rd i sl a nd, r v hic h was th a t o f !a x a ro s . T b i s l v a s very sma 1 l,and t he land l o w , s o th a t w e h a c lp a s s e dw i thi n l e ss t han a m ile of i t, i n th e n i g h t w i th o u t o b s e rvi ng i t. A t noon, bein g th e n n o t fo u r m i l e s fro m the i sl a nd of A nat ac on , th e b o a t \,v a ss e n t a v .a y to exami n e the anc hor ing g ro u n d a l d th e p ro d u c e of the p l a ce; and r v e wer e n o t a 1 i r:tl e s o l i c i ti o i rs fo r,her re tu rn. I n t he ev e n i n g th e b o a t c a tn e b a c k , a nd the cre w inf or m ed us th a t th e re rv a sl o ro a d fo r a shi p to anc hor in, t he b o tto m b e i n g d rre ry w h e r efoul g ro u nd. ' lhey f u rth e r to l d 1 1 srh a t w h e n th e y ha< i l a n d ed on t he is lan d , tl i e y me t .r,r.' i th n o rv a te r, and d i d not believ e t he p l a c e to b e i n h a b i te d ; th o u gl .rtl ;e so i l n' as good, and a b o u n d .e ds l i th g ro v e so f c o co-ni .rt t rees. "The & c c ount of th e i rn p o s s i b i l i ty o f ri n c h o r i ng at th i s is land oc c as io n e da g e ri e ra l* " ti " .h o ty o rrboi rd; fo r 1 1ec ons ider edi t a s l i ttl e l e s sth a n th e p re l u cl cto o u r des t r uc t ion; an d o u i ' c l e s p o n d e n c vw c s i n c r eased b y .a dis nppoint r n e n t w e rn e t w i th i h e s u c c eecl i ng n i g h . f; when, & s - wew e re p l ;' i n g u n rl e r to p s a i l s, w i ti i a n i nt ent ion of ge tti n g n e a re r th e i s l a n d , a nd of se n d ing our boat o n s h o re to i o a d r,v i thc o c o -n u tsf< .rr the refrcshrtrentof our sick; ihc wind provcd sqrrally, a n d biew s o s t r on g o ff s h o re , th a t w e rv e re cl ri ven to o far t o t he s outh w a rd , to v c n tu re to s e n d o ff our b o a t. A nd t r ow t h e o n l y p o s s i b l ec i rc u m s ta n cethai co u l d s ec ur o t he fe w w h i c h re m a i n e d a l i v e from p e ri s hing, was t he a c c i d e n ta i fa l l i n e i n w i th some o th er of t he S adr i o n e i s l e n d s , h e tl e r p rc p rre d for o u r a _c c om oda, t io nb;u t a s o u r k n o w l e d g e o f these i sl a nds , , wasex t r em e l y i mp e rfe c t, w e w e i e to trust e n ti rely t o c hanc e fo r o u r g u i d a n c e . "It r v as on t he 2 6 th o f A rrg rrs t 1 7 4 2 , i n th e m orrri n g , when we los t s i g h t o f th e i s l a n d o f An a tacan. (Continued on page 313)

297

THESTONE MONEY OFYAP A fer'v years ago the controversy concerning the possessi onof the Isl and of Y ap, occupi ed much space i ri the press new s of the w or1d. Thi s i sl and which is about 500 mi l es to the south of Guam. w as one of the German-ow ned i sl ands north of the equa t or over rvhi ch Japan w as an' ardeda rnandateby tl i e League of N ati ons. The Isl and of Y ap, i n addi ti on to bei ng a r elay stati on for ti re oceancabl esto Guam, the D utch I ndi es and to S hant{ hai , C hi na, afi ords many ot her interesti ng thi ngs amol rg n' hi ch i s the stone an d shell money used on the i sl and. Of the pecul i ar coi nage or medi um of excha nge in Y ap, fi rst and foremostcomesthe stone money , which consi sts of l i mestone or arragoni te w heel s, var ying fronr si x or ei ght i nches to tw el ve feet i n di a m et er . These from thei r btl k form a most unw i el cl y mediunr of exchange. A rnan r,vhohad extensi ve business debts to meet w oul d need a w hol e fl eet of ca no€sor some ten yoke of buffaloes or bullocks and a wagor.r to transport l .ri s speci e. General l y speaki n g, liowever, these stonesare more for show and ornam ent than for use. The r,i 1l ageci ub honsesare ca lled Pr bai or stone money-hot:tses,from the wheels of stone w hi ch rest agai nst thei r rval l s. In an1'o{ the set t lements thesegreat di scsor u,heel smay be seen out side the honses of the Madangedangor plutocrat class, w hi ch here as w el l as el servhereenj oy consider able di sti ncti on i n nati onal counci l s. A perfect pai r of l al ge shei l s, the val r.e s of r he pearl oyster, are al so hi ghl y val ueci , and used as rnoney. The natives call therrr Yar'-ni-Balao, i. e. Pelewislandshells,lor the early Yap nar"igators, with ofthe fol k of tr{ al ayanext r act the usual reckl essness i on, used to make extensi ve forays on the pe ar lshell beds of thei r l ong-si i ffer-i ngtrei gbbc,rsof the Peler v grorl p, and w ere forced at l ast to rnal < e the ir t it le good by many obsti nate battl esby l and anelsea. The s' .l al l er speci mens of pearl -shel l thel ' t hr ead upon stri ngs of hi bi scus fi ber or ci nnet, about t weut y on a l i ne, to be empl oyed as.smal lchange. In t hese days how ever, bags of copra or dri ed coconut ker nel are enrpl oyedas a tnedi unr of exchanS e. It may be observedthat i n t,he northern i slands of Y ap ancl R amung and the w i l der pal ts qf the m ain i sl and the money of the w hi te man, rvhether E r iglish, S pani sh, or A ureri can, i s hardl y ever accept ed as l ega1tender,and i t i s onl -r'i n the setti ementsth at t he nati r/eshave l earned to recogni ze i ts val ue. Tl rere i s yet anotl rer treasurehi .chl y pri zed in Yap, but w hi ch from i ts couparati ve r-ari ty i s sel d om bar t' ered. It i s a coarse shaggy rvhi te mat, resem bling nothi ng so mttch as goat or dogski u; i t i s maclef r om the beaten-out bark of the K al or' l emon hibiscus" tree, It i s not for use, but tnerel 1,for shon,, and is al w al ' s kept rel i gi ousl y rol l ed,up i n a safe corner . lt i s exactl y the counterpart of the Ie-si na of S am oa, a r,vhi tesl raggy m4t made out of the fi bers of the bar k of a forest-tree,a speci esof R ami e.


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THE GUAM RECORDER

FBBRUARY 1927

MEMOIRSCF DON FE.LIPEDE LA CORTE'S IiLEVtrN YEARS AS GOVBRNOR OF GUAb,I 1855-1866 ( ContinuedJram lanuary issue) g:ographical description and ge0iogical of the islandof Saipan, its vegetation, animallife, and nationality, In ihis issuewill bs founda c0mplete 0f ihe inhabitanis aboutthe year1870. andsuperstitions occupation group,excepting comeintoihe pcssession of Germany Guarn, afterthe Spanish-American war,andlaterbecorne Thisisiandwithall of the Marianas partof the spoilsof the WorldWaroverwhichJapanwasgranteda mandate. g0vernment, the islandof Saipanhas progressed agriculturally of the islandsby the Japanese to a degreeiittledreamed Sincethe occupation of whenthe foliowing narrative waswritten.

SAIPAN l'his island, cal1ed San Jose by Padre Sanvitores, l i e s about t hr ee m il e s fro m T i n i a n fro m rv h i c h i t i s separatedby a strait. Its position is as follcrrs: 15o 1 2 ' 1 1 " N orth P\a z aof G ar apa n L a t. I,o n g , l 5 2 o 6 ' 5 6 " East ( S r n F er nan d o , C a tl i z , S p a i rr) C onfigur at ionand Ex te n s i o tl .-In s h a p e th i s i sl and shorvsan alrnost unifortn width of from eight to tweh'e u ri l e s and a lengt h o f e i g h te e n mi l e s ; tw o tri a ngul ar p o i n t s pr ojec t f r om i t, o n e o r tl te s o u th e a s tabout e i g h t nr iles long a n d th e o th e r o u ti re n o rth about fo u r m iles long. F ro n r th e rto rth l v e s te rn c o i ner a re e f, s ix m iles ' " v i d efro m tro rth ' to s o u th , s tretches o u t t o t he s out hwe s t, w h i l e a c u rv i n g s u n k e n l etl ge e xte n ds s out h f r o m i t i n s u c h fa s h i o n a s to l eave n e a r t he s hor e a s t re tc h o f g o o d b o tto m p ro te c ted i n p a rt b1-t he nc r t hea s t c o a s t o f T i n i a n . ' l h i s p rotecte d i rr ea r uns alm os t th e w h o l e l e n g th o f S a i p a n rri i h a two m ile openin g a t th e s o u th e ru e n c ib e trveeni t a n d T inian. R es t ing on t he s u n k e n l e d g e , n o t fa r fro m P oi nt N{u c ht r tof S aipan, i s a n i s l e t c a l l e d ' ' l \Ia n a g aj a " . Th e s uper f ic ial e x te n s i o n o f th i s i s l a n d may be e sti rnat ec lf r om it s d e s c ri p ti o n a t a b o u t 2 3 0 square mi l e s ( Not e: T his mu s t b e a m i s ta k e i n th e ol d ma n u s c r ipt c opy s i n c e 1 8 m i l e s o f l e n g th b y a n avera g e o f 10 m iles of wi d th g i v e s o n l y 1 8 0 s q u a re m i l es.) Coas tLine. - V er t ic a l c l i ffs e n c i rc l e th e i s l a n d ai l the wa y f r om t he nor th e rn p o i n t a ro u n d to th e s h ore of th e s t r ait s epar at i n g i t fro rn T i n i a n , w i th th e exce p ti on of a bay ca l l e d " Ira u l a o o r R a u ra o " a t the so u th er n end. of t h e i s l a n d . B e y o n d th e h e adl and th a t s helt er s it , t he c o a s t i i n e s w i n g s o { I to a sharp so u th er n point . T hi s l i ttl e b a y c o n ta i rs a s a n d b each, beaten by breakers which ro11 in over the outlying re e f. On t he wes t er n s i d e o f th e i s l a n d , re e fs p a ral l el to th e co as tleav e a pas s a g efo r s m a l l c ra ft c l o s e i n shore. Sh elt er s . - S aipani s fu rn i s h e d w i th ma n y g o o d shel te rs for s nr all c r ef t . Har bor s . - T he pr i n c i p a l o n e i s c a l l e d th e a n c h orage o f Tanapac ; t his is fo rm e d b y th e g re a t c u rv i n g reef o n whic h r es t s t he i s l a n d o f Ma n a g a j a . T a n a pac i s a magnificent harbor, protected on all sides, with an area of more than ten square miles where ships may a u ch or in f r or n s ix to th i rty fa th o m s . T h e re i s an e xce llent landing p l a c e o n th e s h o re w h e re shi ps rnay be careened if necessary. Although this harbor mi g h t be t ur ned into a p o rt fo r th e ma i n te n a n ceof a

c o n s i d e r a b l e f l e e t , t 'c h a s s e v e r a l d i s a d v a n t a g e s to b e o v e r c o m e : t h e e n t r a n c e c a n a i i s n a r r o w a n d e xp o se d t o t h e p r e v a i l i n g n o r t h e a s r r v i u c i a n c i , r u o r e o v "i , i t i s p a r t l y b l o c k e d b y a r e e f o r l o r e r o c k c a l le d th e "Tortuga" ( T u r t i e ) w h i c h a d d s a p p r e c i a b l y to th e perils and diffictrltie s of the entrarce. I l e y o n d th i s rock there are cthers, but most of them could be e a s i l y r e r r r o r 'e d .

B ays and R oadsteads.--In spi te of the advan t agesof the harbor clescribedabove, its absencewould hardly be noted for the reason that al l al ong the sout hr vest coast of S ai pan i s good anchorage i n the str ait he, trveen i t anci the i si and cf Ti ni an. A s i t i s pr ot ect ed on tti e w est by the reef l edges of l { anagaj a, it is uncovereci onl y to southeast and southw est. Consequentl y ai l the shi ps that touch at S ai pau cast anchor i n thi s outer roadsteadatnd enter the harbor pr oper onl -y w hen i t i s necessaryto nake repai rs or lr hen they are due fcr a l ong stay, The road:tead bottom runs from fi fteen to t hir t y fathoms, bei ng mostl y sand and stones w i th a f er v coral p.'in nacles. or separate reef blccks ( ratuncras ). Thi s anchorage i s knorvn by the nanre of Gar apan, u' hi ch i s al so tbe nan:e of the tor' r on the near by shore. On the eastern si de of the i sl and l i es the bay of Laol ao or' R aurao u' hi ch n' as vi si ted i n Jul y 1 858 by the [ngl i sl r steamer " Magi ci en" . The c apt ain bapti zed the bay w i th the name of hi s shi p as if it had been a nel v di scoverJr,accordi ng to the use ancl custonrsof the i l ngl i sh w ho, by such means , m ake themsel vesout to be great di scoverers. Thi s anchorage, w hi ch i s not even a true ba1r ,had been used beforeb1'many w hal ers taki ng refug e f r om the northeast w i nds and al w ays, si nce the tim e of S anvi tores,has i t beeu knorrrr by the name of Laolao or R aurao. Landi ngP l aces.-One nray l and i n smal l boa t s anyw here w i thi n the ci rcui t of the port of Tana pac; cn the w est coast, are canal s or passagesthrough t he reefs of Muchut, Garapan and S usupi, and on t he east ccast, Laol ao B a1' permi ts sn,al l .boatsto land. There are other pl aces i n the w estern fri ngi r g r eef w here, w hen the sea i s cal m and tl re ti de hi gh, boat s rnay cross to shote. C haracter of the l and:-sai pan i s w el l suppl i ed n'it h goocl arabl e l and, for al though the soi l i n t he ele' vated porti ons i s thi n surface cl ay as i n Guam , t he greater part of the l orvl and, w hi ch constit ut es at


F ' tiB lr uARY 19 2i

THE GUAM RECORDER

leasi on e-h aif o f its t ot al ar ea, is inois t s and en r i c h ed u,'itli h un ius. A littie to the nor ih ol t ir e is land c ent er a p e a k c.rllei1 'lacpo ch ao r is es 2, 000 f eet abov e t he s e a . Ow ing to its ireig ht it is al. r uos tc ons t ant ll' c o v e i e c l rvit h clo i,rcis i,vh ich m any hat ' e t ir c ught t o be s m o k e and ha ve the refo re iles c r ibec i it as ar r ac t iv e v ol c a n o ; in rea,lity it is extinc t , as is pr ov ec l by t he v eget a t i c l i rvhich co..'e rs it to t he v er y t op. A bo rre the so uti : er n pi: r ir r r is es anot her s m a i l e r peak sh ap erl lite a lv onr an' s br eiis t , henc e it : n a m e ' S usun i''. (Note : O n t he t nap of Saipan t he r e i s , in t he so uth ern pa r t of t he is 1anc l, a l, r r k e S r r - s u p i lrr, l a -\lo tint Fin r s is u: t his ias t r : r , n. e, t lar r sl a t , *<1 1iterally, iliea ls "li k e a br eas t ". lJ uc lonbt eiill t 1 'r i s is the no un tain refer r ec i t o es Sns npr i in t he t ex t ) . ' [' ir : nrrth ern ex t r em it . v of t he i: ; ]and is a! 1 h i g h stonv gro un d no t good f or f alm ing pur pos es . | i,iine rals:-Saip an is c om pos ed of c alc ar eous r c c k s min.g led with clal' on t hc higir lanc ls ant i m ix ed r o ; i t h c1a-r'a rrd san C in the ic wla. nds . No r net a. l or o t h e f miner al su bstan ce is l< ir c lv n, wit li ihe us ual ex c e p t tion of rocks rvhicir c an be br r r ned f c r lim e. a v er s ge t em per et ur e of Saiiia n i s C I in ':te:-The low er th an tha t of G ' . r am and as it is an is land c o v e r e1 ' r,ilh mcst luxuria nt v eget at ion t he c lim at e is v e r l ' aqr:eeab le. .{1 1 the inhabit ant s u, it hout c lis t in c t i o n oi rrce or forrn er lr r biiat ion eir joy v er y good lr e u l t h , and do u ot su fTe r from epideinic s . Ii r a ins the re the s am e as in G uan. F re sh Wate r:-On t he is land t her e is only oi- , e r i r . e r , the Tan ap ac which r uns int r : t ir e h: r r bor of i h a t name . Ilere iva ter t r ir . ] ' be obt ir inec i f c r s nips h n t a t tit e cost o f scnre lit t le t r or - r ble s o t liai in t he c a s e c - f any e xp an sio n o f t Laf f ic , it r v ould be nec es s a r y t o clean clut th e stre am and pipe t he \ r . at er t o t he s h o r e . B eh ind Gara pa n, high up on t he c liiis s oine l i t r l e rivulets tu n d or,vn fr onr t he r idges of TLr c lioc ha o l t n t they d o n o ln ore thair f or n a s n: eii pool n. ilos e o v e r . flow d isa pp exls irr the gr - or r r r t i. W ith th e e xcep tion of t he f or egoing t her e i s n r 'r oiher ru nn ing rva ter on t he is land, bir t r , v e11s cf srveet w ater a bcirnd a rrd t her e is als o r r eaL t { ount Su s u p i a large I,qke n :rne d NI alie ( Not e: Non, I , al; e Sir s u n i ) rvhere an imzrls may bg wat er ed. V ; ga latio n:-l'h e island is c or - er ec i ev er l, r v her e b y a inxuria nt fo:e st gr or . , ' t h wit h n. , n, , 5, paims ,rnd b rea diru it trr:., v , ' hile if il, f ago aud"o"onut ot her t in r b e r trees o f the same t\ . lje as t hos e in G ur nr , gr ow s p a r ingly. A11 the clif f er ent k iir ds of plant s la: - ge a n <l smali, n 'hich gro lr' in G uam ar e f c ur ' : d in Sal' p a n o r can be ra ise d th ere r y hile s , . lm e r hings - t ohac c o , f c r instance, g ron ' be tt er . No pr c duc e 1: or r ev er is c n l tivater l in q ua ntity bec aus e t he 1. r eople, being v e r l , few in nu mbe rs and of v er l. ' s inple . w, ant s in t h e midst oi gre at ab un danc e. ar e s at is f ied t o plant a f e w camotes an d to ra is e a f ew pigs ar it l hens f c r t h e ,rccas ion al ivh :rling s hips lr ' hic h pas s Lr v t her e i n F ebrua ry. Th e isla nder s als o [ J r on' n s m all t c b a c c o r--rop wh ich the i' br ing t o G uam f r ir s aie or ba r t e r .

299

This tobacco is said to be far superior to that grow-n in Guam. P o p u i a t i o n , - A t p r e s e n t w r i t i n g ( t s Z o ) , t h e po p u l a t i o n o f S a i p a n c c n s i s t s o f 6 8 6 p e r s o n s , i n g r ea t p a r t t h e d e s c e n C a n t s o f e m i g r a n t s f r o n r t h e C a r o li n e Isl a n d s s e t t l e d h e r e s i n c e 1 8 1 5 . I n t h a t y e a r a p p e a r e cl a n u m b e r o f c a r i o e s u 'h o s e c h i e f s b e g g e d p e r ni ssi o n i o m a k e t h e i r h o n r e s o n e n h e r e i n t h e s e i s l a n d s tr e c.lllse a great hnrricane hacl destroved all means of s u b s i s i e n c e i n t i r e i s l a n d s f r o m u - h i c h t h e l ' 6 ut... 'f i l e r e u p r - n t h e {}c 'e r n o r g a 'e t L e r n p e r m i ssi cn to l e m a i n i n S a i p a n o n c o n d i t i o n t h a t t h e 1 , 'l l 'o u l d tr a n sI r o r i f l o v e r n n e n t f r e i g h r f r o m T i n j a t r i n t h e i r ca n câ&#x201A;Ź s a n d t h a t a l s o t h e , r ' r v o u l d u n C e r t a k e a n y t h i n g th e y rvere ordered to do for the Government. su ch a s lr rr n ti n o' t*'i I ri ni o-c

r \ r l e P u l y g o u c r l l o r u a s a p l 'o i n t <d '!c s t r , J i n Sa i p n n a n c l c i i r e c t t h e m , t h u s t h e C a r o l i n e i s l a n d e r s $ 'e r e n o t subject to ai.ry fixed rule of gorrernrnent but $/ere ieft t o t h e m e r c i e s o f t h e d e p u t i e s n 'h o c o n t r o l l e d th e m . i {o b o r l y t o o k t h e t r o u b l e t o m a k e t h e r n o r g a n i ze a t o w n g o v e r n r n e n t n o r i n f l c t 1 o c h a t r g e a r r y of tl l e i r p i 'i r n i t i l e c u : t o m s a i r c l s o , t r 'h e n I t i s i t e d t h em fo r t h e f i r s t t i n r e i r r i 8 5 5 I f , r n r r d t h a t a i r p c r e n tl y th e C a r o l i n o s o '. v n e d n o t h i n g o f t h e i r o r r , 'nb u t t he fo o d thel' ate. T h e y 1 i v e r 1 i r r h r r t s r n a l l e , s o t h e 1 ' s a i d , a fte r th e l r e t t e r f l t i s , e di r i t h e C a r o i i n e I s l a n d s . E a c l i h u t co n s i s t e d o f a r o o f b l 1 i l t t e n t - u , i s e o v e r a f l o o r r a i s e d so m e t h r e e f e e t a b o r r e t h e g r t r t r i r c l , a l t h o u g h r n e r t ly o f th e h u t s h a d t i r e f l o o i o n t h e g r o u n d i t s e l f ; t h e si n g l e r i o o r b e i n g a l i o i t t t r 'r 'o f e e t n 'i d e b _ yt h r e c o r f cu r fe e t h i g h , o n e l i a d t o e r i e r o n a l l f o u r s t l i e d a r k l j ttl e c . r b i n s r ', 'h o s eo n l y l i g h t c . r i l r e f r o r n t h e c i c o r i tse l f . T h e f l a r o i i n o s c , . r l t i v a t e d n o t b i n g o r a l i r o s t no th i l l g f o r t h e r r s e l r 'e s s i r c , : t l : e v v - e r e l i t t 1 e b e t t e r t ha n th e s i a . , 'e so f t h e r l e p r i t l " g o \ r e f n o r . A r n o n g t h e s e n 'r e t c h e s 1 {e i e n r e n a n c i n 'o m e n b o r r r o n t h e i - s l a n d , s o n i e c f t h e m 4 0 y e a r s o l d , no n e o f r v h r t t r h a c i l ; e e i i 1 i a 1 - , t i z e;t 'l t h e y l i n e v y n e i t h e r th e i r r i . s i r t s i r c r e 1 , - e itl h e i r n a t i o n a l i t S '. . A . t t h e p r c s c i i i l i i i r e a i l 'i l i e c 1 - r i l t l r e nr i n d e r tw e l ve ] 'c a r s o f r t g e l i l r v e l , . e r , -1n, , : r l , t i zde a s w e l l a s m o s t o f th e a r l n l t s e n d a l n r o s t n i l c 'i t l i c n r i r a r r e b e e n n r a r r i e d a ccoriling tc lire rite:r of the Chtirch. T O w n S . - A l l t h e p e o p i e i i r , e o L r | h e r v e s t c c ast i r r a s i n g l e t o ', v n , G . i r a i r a n , r v h i c '1 t i s c l i . , 'i r ', e ci1n t o th r e e d i f f e r e n t r v a r r - i s ,i n o r r e o f w l r i c h i i v e p e o p l e d e sce r cl e d f r o i l i n h a b i f r n t s c i G u r t t . t : i i t r 'i i ; i t h e o t h e r tr ""o , p e r - . p 1 e f r o n r c l i {I e r e i r t C a r o l i r i c I s l a l ; c i s r '; l i c cl o n o t r l i n g l e b u t m a i n t a i n i v i t l , r e a c h o l i l e r a c e r 'r : r i n r i va l r - r . A 1 1 t h e 1 : o u s e s: i r e o f t l t e u s u a l n a i i v e ( C ha m o r r o ) t 1 '; , e a n r l o f t l t e r i s n i i l v i i l a g e r r a t e i i a l s u 'i th th e e x c e p t i o n c f a v r i - v f r r ', ( o r s i r t l c t ( d \ r i t h l - c z 'r i l va i l s, b i r t a l l o f t h e n i a r e w i r i t e r v a - q h e d . 'f l r e y a r e c r t'a n g e d o n e i t h e r - *i d e o f b r o a d s t r e e t . r y h i c h u r a k e {) i r a p a n the best torvn of the islarid:i after A gana. O n r v h a t n r a 1 , [ . r ec o n s i d e r e c l t h e P l r r z a i s a t t o'.r secf o r d i n a r v r r r a t c 'r i : r l sf o r t 1 ; e I ) e 1 : t t y G o v e r n c r , an o th e r ('Continitrd tn lage 310.)


THE GUAM RECORDtrR

300

F'EBRUARV 1927

S P O R. TS -i-

GUAfvl BASEBALL LEAGUE, 1926-1927. AG.IN.\ M.q.nnqns vs

Eoucl,ruox

Ti re A gana i{ ari n e s k e p t o n tl i e i r c o n rs e to the Pe n n ant when lh e y c l e fe rrte dIl c l n c a ti u n o n N ery Ye a r' s Dny , 3 t o 1 , l i u t th e y h a d ro u r.y ti n re of i t, {o r Snlas held t he m to fo u r h i ts a n c l a l l th e i r runs we re gif Lsof t he s c h o c l me n . T e n e rro rs rv e rechal l < e d up agr r , ins tiXrl u c a ti o n ; l h a t fa c t rrl u s o ne hi i sp :l l ed iNduc at it in ' sd e fe a t, l l c U l ri r' , o f tL e trl a ri nes, stru ck out 14 m en a n d g a ,\' en o b a s e so n b a l ].q , Sc or e: A g: r na, \,{ a ri n e 3 s -4 -2 . IJ d u c a ti o n 1 - 1-10. Um pir es : I lr t nq u e z a n c l f,fu n rr, AcaNe

Ctrrs

vs

A\rrarrox

T he Flye rs pu lled t he unex pec t ec l c n Sat u r c l a y the Bth. of Ja nu ary , and - walk ed of i r , v it h t he l o n g end of a 5 to 4 scor e, t he Cr r bs lleing t ir e v ict i m s . It vr:rs a g oo d ga me t o wat c lr , s par k ling, f ielding , r o t tel lr lx_1 2irlgan , d tim ely hit t ing all c olnir inir lg t o r n a k e the ga me a go od one f r our t he s pec t at c r s i po i n t c f v1e1J.

Ander s on and F fa rd i n g o f th e A v i a to rs c o ntri bu te d t he t im elv hit s , An d e rs o n d ri v i n g i n th re e runs a n d F lar ding t wo. GL rz i n a no f th e C u b s , ma d e three h i ts and dr ov e in f o u r ru n s . 'l h e Cubs ' jinx fo r i n i u re d c a tc h e rs s ti i l fcl l ow s th e rn ar r d S anc lr ez w e n t o u t rv i th a n i n j u re d fi nger. 1 'a i ta no t ook his p1 a c e . We l c h , fo r th e fl y e rs , pi i che d ste adSball r at all ti me s . Th e Cnbs c am e 1 1 pi n th e l a s t i n n i n p _a n d s ta ri ed a ra l l -v . G uz m r n' s t h i rd h i t b ro rrg h t i n o n e ru n, brrt wi th t he t y ing r un o n th i r< i S h i n ri z u s tru c k o nt to e n d the gar le. Scor e: Cubs 4- 8 -3 . A v i a ti o n 5 -6 -5 . Um pir es : M nna a n d R i d d l e Sulnv

*o*r**

*,oaro" SrerroN

Th e S t at ion' s r r r e nfo u n d th e i r b a tti n g e y e a n C hi tti n g at oppor t une t i m e s d o l v n e d th e S u m a y h fa ri nes, Su n d al' , t ir e 9t h. o f J a n u a ry b y a s c o re o f 4 to 1. Th e f o, , r r hit s of t h e S ta ti o n w -e reh e l p e d a l o n g by i h e ilI ar ines ' s ix e rro rs , fo u r o f th e m m a d e by Wi l so n. " I ) oggie" h a d a h a rd .c l a y a t th i rc i . Srnit h pit c hed t h e rv h o l e g a me fo r th e S u m a y men a n d pit c hed a good o n e , to o . W h i l e c i ra rg e d offi ci a 1 l y wit h t he defe a t, th e b l a ri :eg c e s to h i s mates. Th e s c or e s hor v sno e a ru e d ru n s . IJn t alan pit c hing fo r th e Sta ti o n , w a s n e l,er i n d a n g er , T he Nav y m e n p l a y e d a i r-ti g h t b a l l , Ag uon' s

error bei ng exc' .rsabl ebecausethe bal l cam e down through the trees. S core: S uuray [Iari nes 1-3-6. N aval S tati on 4_4_1. U mpi res: Franquez and tsel l i sl e Sulrev tr{anlwEs

vs AvrATroN 15 January, l 9Z7

A reorgal ti zed S un:ay V fari ne basebal l team t coli the fi e1dand gave evi denceof bei rg a real ba ll t ear t . The;r got hi t,s, pi entl ' of thenr, arrd thei r usu ai f icck of errors w as rni ::.si 1l g. \,' an turned i n a goo r l gam e from the pi tcher' s box. A combi n:rti onof all t hese thi ngs nakes a hard team to beat. I{ ol l ' ever, A vi ati on rvas not a bi t di scoura geCaud i rq' i ceti erl the score. The Fl yers l .:eptpl uggi n g away unti l the si xth i nni ng w hen the rnen fron t he hill pi i t over four runs ar:d setti ed thi ngs ot.:cear cj f cr al l . fn the l ast i nni ng .A vi ati cn got a ni n in ald hrd rnen ou bases, but Ffear-l l e)s orrl y coni ribut icn was a pop fly to shortstop ancl it rvas crrer. S core: S nmay tr{ ari nes 8-12.2; A r:i ati on: 4- g- 4. U mpi res: h{ una (p1ate) R i C cl l e (fi el d) Enuc;rrrow

vs Sretrolr 16 ltinuary, i927

The S tati on team n' ent on a hi tti ng rampag e Sunday a{ternoon, and w hen the smoke had cie: ir ecl an' ay i rad gotten thenrsel r,estw el r' e hi ts fC r a t ot al cf ei ghteen bases. Tl i cse hi ts s-ere s!' ,.eetscur r clst o a teaci that has been i n a seemi ng batti ng sl um p ali year. Gentrl , got ti l ree hi ts for a total of fi ve bases and U ntal an ac' l ded a home run to l i i s creci i t. I glesi as' spectacul ar catcfi i n the fi r,.t i nni ng r obbcd Gentry of another tn' o or three base hi t. A p-r r on cf " E dncati on, gct trvo hj ts { cr a total ni l o" r' 11- . ir '. ' For one i nni ng E ci ucati on pl ayed real baij, br r t w hcn the next i nrr' ng openedthey started orrt t o play about the dui abest i ;a1i p-ossi bl eand to for ce t he S t::rti onto take the game rvhether i t w anted i t cr - r ct . Of cori rsethe S tati cn ruen had l o obj ecti cn to such a course. Three nrore runs w cul d har,ebeen aCdecl to l i ducati cn' s total i f thei r men hadn' t gone to slâ&#x201A;Źep on the bases. B ut the S tati on w as nci to be cleniecl and, al though U ntel an pi tched i rcl i fferent ly, he pi tchecl w el i enotrgh to hol d the teacl i ersi n check, especi al l y rvhen hi s nates rvere hi tti ng the ball 1il: e they w ere. S core: E ducati on, 3-4-3; S tati on, 10-IZ-s U mpi res: Franquez (p1ate) B el l i sl e (bases)


301

THE GUAM RECORDER

FEBRUARY 1927

Sretlrox vs AcaNe Cues 22 Jataary, 1927 The S t at ion c ont i n u e d i ts I,v i n n i n gs tre a k ,th i s ti me g e tti n g r ev eng' eon th e C u b s fo r i ts fo rm e r defeat, th e s c or e being 14to 4 . Ai d e d a n d a b e tte db y trusty b l u d geons ,W hat le-v ,th e S ta ti o n ' s l a te s t i m p o rt ati on, tu rn e d in a good g a rn e fro m th e p i tc h e r' s b o x . It wa s a good eir ou g h g a rn e to rv i n , e v e n h a d the Sta tion r nen not be e n i ri tti n g . ' fh e C u b s tu rn ed i n si x er r c r s , lv hic h h e l p e rl a l o n g i n th e s c o ri n g . The Sta tion m ade f iv e e rro rs , \' Iy e rs ma k i n g th r ee of th e m , but , r ' r ' it ht h e te rri fi c h i tti n g th e S 'w e re of rro co n s equenc e. T a i ta n o tu rn e c .li n a fre a k h o m e run fo r the Cubs , t he b a l l g o i n g th ro u g h th e g ra ting of o n e of t he building s b a c k o f th e c e n te r fi e l < i e r. Sc or e: S t at ion, 1 4 -1 2 -5 ; C u b s , 4 -5 -6 . Um pir es : F r anq u e z a n d Be l l i s l e .

ed by A guon, S tati on, and S al as, B ducati o n, who each fanned 7 ti mes. McManni s, A gana Mari nes, i s the onl y man in t he l eague w ho has been hi t tw i ce. The foi i ow i ng i s the suml nary, by teams, o f bases on bal l s: A gana Mari nes, 11; A gana C ubs, 17; St ati on, 11; A vi ati on. 17; S umay 1\' [ari nes,6; Educati on, 4. The stri ke-out surnmary i s as fol l ow s: Agana N Iari nes,16; A gana C nbs,22; S tati on, 25; A v iat ion, 35; S umay A { ari nes,28; E ducati on, 37. The A gatra Mari nes have had 1 man out stealing; the C ubs, B ; ti re S tati on, 6; A vi ati on, 2; Sum ay Mari nes, 1; and E ducati on, 1. E ver_vtearn, w i th the excepti on of A vi ati cn, has had tw o men hi t by pi tched bal l s. A vi ati on has had none.

in Baseball Schedule Change AvrerroN

vs

Acewe M,q.nrNEs

23 Janttary, 1927 Av iat ion bo' r . v e d a g a i n i n d e fe a t to th e A g a n a l {ari n e s . T he hit s r . ,' e rea b o u t e q u a l l y rl i s trj l ,u ted, but Avi a t ion' s elev en e rro i s s p e l l e d th e i r o rv n cl efeat. Ha rdin pit c hed go o d b a 1 l , s tri k i rrg o u t n i n e n:en. l '[cClair s t r uc k out 1 3 . O' N e i l , a t fi rs t fo r th e Agana Ma ri nes , had only tw o p u t o u ts . N o t a n e x tra base h i t w as c ont r ibut ed d u ri n g th e w h o l e fra c a s . i n t he f if t h innin g , i n a n a tte mp t to fi e l d a fl 1 ' bal l , Jo h n s on and W elc h , o f A v i a ti o n , w e re l a i d out. Ei th e r m an c ould h a v e g o tte n th e b a l l , b u t a s i t w as, two men s c or ed on th e p l a ;' . B o th m e n rv e ret ahen to th e hos pit al, W e l c h n ' i th a b ro k e n n o s e ,a n d l ohnso rr s uf f er ing f r om c o n c rrs s i o n . T h e c a s u a i ti e sfrom b a se ball ar e gr owin g , T o n e r. fto m i h e S u n ra y tr{ari n e s , being in t he h o s p i ta l fro m a g u n s h o t w otrnd i n h i s lef t hand, g o tte n w h i l e h e w a s c n th e range firing. Scor e: A v iat ion , 1 -4 -1 1 ; A g a n a M a ri n e s , 8-6-3. IJmpir es : M una a n d R i d d l e . Fro m s t at is t ic s re c e n tl y s u p p l i e c lb y Mr.E .L . Gay, o frci al s c or e k eepe r, th e fo l l o rv i n g i n te re s ti n g i nforma ti o n has been co mp i l e d u p to a n d i n c l u d i n g tl re g a me s of 17 J nnuarv : R oder and W ils o n , o f th e Su n ra y Xfu ri rre s ,have g ctten a t ot al of mo re b a s e s o n b a s e h i ts , th a r r an5' o th e r m en in t he le a g u e , R o d e r h a v i n g 1 1 a n d W i l so n , 10. Y or k , S t a ti o n , i s n e x t w i th 9 , a n d H eadl e, Avi a t ion, has 8. To n er , of t he S u ma y Ma ri n e s , h a s b a tte d i n more ru n sthan any ot her n a n , h i s to ta l b e i n g 6 . G u zrnan, J. M., Cubs , Har din , Av i a ti o n , a n d V a n c l e W al ker, Su ma y M ar ines , ha v e b a tte d i n 5 ru n s e a c h . Ku har , A gana M a ri n e s , A n d e rs o n , Av i a ti c n , and Gu zm an, J , M . , Cu b s , h a v e e a c h g o tte n fo u r bases o n b a lls . Bu r net t , A v iat ion , l e a d s th e l e a g u e i n s tri k e outs, h a vi ng f anned t he a i r 9 ti me s . H e i s c l o s e l y fo l l ow -

D u e t o t h e l e a v i n g o f t h e M a r i n e s t h e G u a m Ba se b a l l L e a g u e h a s u n d e r g o n e a c h a n g e , t o g e t h er w i th t h e s c h e d u l e . T h e s i x t e a r n l e a g u e h a s b e e n ch a n g e d t o a f o r l r t e a m l e a g u e , t h e . t e a m s b e i n g N a v y, l '{a r i n e s , C u b - * a n d E d u c a t i o n . A f i f t e e n g a m e p e r te a r n s c h e d u l e h a s b e e n a r r a n g e d , 'w h i c h c a r r i e s t h e se a so n G a m e s w i l l b e p l a ye d t o t h e s e c o n d n 'e e k i n N fa y . e v e r y S a t u r d a y a r r d S u n d a y , a n d e a c h t e a n i w i l l h a ve one gaole per week.

Enucetrors

vs

Cuns

30 Janrrarr' , i 927 B ecause the N avy and Mari nes postpone d t heir game on S aturday, the honor of openi ng the new schedul efel l to the C r,rbsand E ducati on. It w as a corki ng garne from the spectators' st andpoi nt, and i t took ni ne i nni ngs to settl e th e ar guE ducati on shou,edi mprovement i n bat t ing, ment. but had a' tendencl ' to throw -the bal l al l over f he lot i n putti ng otl t a man - rvj tuessthe fact that th e Cubs TLe spar kling earned on15'qng of thei r fi ve runs. pl ay of the game \\' as a tri pl e pi ay by the te acher s. V ,/i th men ou fi rst and second, Taj al l e hi t a hot grounder to U l l oa, w ho funbl ed. A toi gue ror nded thi rd ancl starteCfor 1' rome. U l l oa' s thron' cut him off. R y tl i at ti me Guerrero had passedsecond,headed for thi rd. Garci a' s throw to Fl ores cut hi m donn for the secol d ont. Taj al l e hai l steamedpast f ir st . Fl ores' quick and r.vasbeari ng dow n nn secouc.l throw to A guon made the thi rd out. The C ubs' fi el di ng n' as faul tl ess, i t bei ng one of the rzery few ti mes an1,fstm has taken the fi e ld and pl ayed errorl essbal 1. Gornez kept thei r ten hit s r vell scattered,ei ght C ul ;s dyi ng on bases. In the nint h tw o errors i n j udgment on the part of E ducation f i11ed the bases-* i th C ubs rvi th no one out. A scr at ch hi t through short brought i n the w i nni ng run. A guon contri buted a hornerun i nto the Gor. 'er nor 's garden. S core: E ducati on 4-8-6; C ubs 5-10-0. U mpi res: Franquez (pl ate); R j ddl e (bas es)


302

THE GUAM RECORDER

FEBRUARY 1927

DEPARTMENTOF EDUCATIONNOTES R EP O R T FOR D E C F.I\IB E R ExlrErqsroNs Progr es s is bein g ma d e o n th e p i ti Sc h o o l e xtensi o tt. ' lhe n' or li wa s a rre s te d c l u ri n g th e C h ri stmas h o l i c ley s . I t is f elt th a t ti re w c rk i s a v a i u a b l ee xoeri _ me nt in pr ac r ic al w o rk fo r th e c a rp e trtry c l a ssesi n th e I nt er r nediat e S c h o c l . T h e u " .n ,rr* 1 i s cooked b l th e I nt er niedi a l e g i rl s , u n d e r rh e s u p e r vi si on o f M is s M ar ia Leon G u e rre ro , a te a c h e r i n In te rmed i a te S : hr t l. T his i s a l s o g c c rl tra i n i n g fc r rh e gi rl s. S{ or e r oonr is n.-e d e r1a t A s a n , a n d U m a ta c. A tte n tion is inv it ed t o i .h e i rn o b l i g a i e da l l o tme n t i n tl i e f u n d f or Car e of ! e p e rs . T h i J a rn o u n t i s rn o re than e n o u gh t o c ons t r u c t th e n e e c l e cel x te n s i o n s to these b u i l dings . I t is b e l i e v e di h a t v o l u n te e r l a b o r coul cl b e sec ur edat bot h. p l a c e s ,a s w a s c l o n ea L A .g a t . Tl -re a mo u nt is als o s rl m c i e n t to b u i i d a n e \,vs c h o ol on th e P r ic e Road.

i ng H i gh S chool cl osedi ts term on ' l uesday, Decem ber 21. Drsfnrcr

Farns

On Fri day, 3 D ecember, the northern Dist r ict Fai r w as hel d at the D ededoschool . The p r oduct s w ere numerous and excel l entl y exhi bi ted. B ar r igada rvon first place by a score of 241; Dededo second 228; and Y i go thi rd 82. Y i go made an excel l ent show'ing, al though handi cappedby di stance,rough road s, lack of transoorrati on faci l i ti es, a new patrol man, a new com:ni ssi oner,and a new teacher. Ti re fai r for the I{i ri al D i stri ct w as hel d at t he Y ona school, 10 D ecenrber. Tal ofofo w on the banner by one poi nt from Y ona, the Tal ofofo exhibit s havi rg been chosen for qual i t,v ai one, i t seens. Iotal s: Tal ofofo, 252; Y ona, 251: S i naj ana, 100.

Cnnrsrrras

Toecnnns

As is t he c us t om o f th e J u n i o r R e d C ro s s , p aci fi c B'a nc . h, Lf . S . A . , p a c k a g e sw e re g a th e re < fro l m the scrl ools on t ne we s t c o a s t a n d s e n t to G u am for Ch ri s t m as . Due t o a n i n c re a s e i n e n l o l l rn e r i t not e u o u gh pac k agesw e i :e re c e i v e c lth i s y e a r, b u t they Ye j e s o gener ous l y p a c k e d th a t th e rv o rk e rs had no d l fh c ult ] - in get t in g a s rrffi c i e n ta n ro rrrrto f p resents rro m t hem t o m al< eu p th e a d d i ti o rra ln u mb e r n e eded. Sa nt a. Claus , and th e S r-rp e ri n te n c l e not f p r-rbl i c - ;truc t ion, lef t f or th e In s o u th e rn d i s tri c ts o n W ednesd a -rt m or ning, Dec e u rb e r 2 2 . U m o tu c a n d 1{ eri zo sch o ols wer e v is ite d o n th a t c 1 a y . p ro g ra m s l vere g i ve n hv t he pupi l s a n d th e g i fi s w e re -c i i s tr i butecl b y S r nt a. T hur s C a y rn o rn i n g - th e In a ra j a n school ch i l dr en r ec eiv ed th e i r g i fi s n ., th a t a fternoon " u. dOn Fridat. the other the Talofofo scl.roo1 n,as rlisitecl o u t-l y ir ig s c hools u -e re r.i s i te d . At O:Oi p . Dr. rl re Aq a n a s c hool c hilcl re n g rc e te d G o v e rn o r a n d I,Irs. Sh a p ley , and t heir p a rtl z a n c l S a n ta C l a n s , on the Yl -"rz .and t, s ang C h ri s tm:,s s o n g s a ro l l n d th e tree. Th e A gana s c hool c h i i d .re n h a d .-re c e i v e dth e i r nrese n ts t hat m or ning . Mr . C. C. B ut ler . q a v e a b o ttl e o f s o d a u ,a te rto each ch i l d in t he A gana , S i n a i a n a , A s a n a n c l p i ri s chool s a s a Chr is t m as gif t . T h i s w a s th o u s h tl u l a n cl not a n i n ex pens ir - et h in g to d o . The Red Cross packages $iei:e a<ljudged rhe best th e t had ev er been s e n t to th e Is l a n d . I,e i te rs of app re ciat ion ar e being w ri tte n b y th e s c h o o l p ri n ci pal s a n d the pupils . A g re a t ma n y 1 o c a lc u ri o s a n d pi ctu re s , and in s or n e i n s ta n c e s , s c h o o l p ro d u c t s, are a l so being s ent . The Chr is t m as tre e fo r th e Pl a z a w a s fu rn i shed b y the P olic e l) : p a rtm e n t, a s w e re th e tre es for the schools. The tree on the Plaza was decoratecl b '; re pr es ent at iv eso f th e A g a l a s c h o o l s . Th e A m er ic an S c h o o l s ' v a c a ti o n s ta rte d D e c ember 1 7 , a nd t he nat iv e s c h o o l s ' D e c e mb e r2 4 . T h e E ven-

Four teachers resi gned duri ng the ruon t h, ancl three r,r' ereei npl oyed,one of these to fi 11the vacancy i n ti re )i veni ng FIi gh S chool created by the resignati on of Mrs. Il arl an. ExaurNatroNs The annual Teachers' E xami nati ons w e r e lield D ecember29 and30. The S chool Teachersand Speci al Teachers met i n the Intermedi ate S chool and the ' feaci rers and A pprenti ce Teachers i n th e post Offi ce. A 1i w ere gi ven the Oti s Group Intel ligence Test, and exami nati ons i n Musi c and P ed agogy. The exatni nati onsw ere gi ven by the S nperi nt endent of P ul .rl i c Instructi on, X {rs. Zern, \[r. P arket and I1[r. R .nr,.ron S abl an. The Industri al Teacl . ier sm et i n B ri i di ng 30 an I rvereexami nated i n thei r par t icu7ar n'orli: Aggag \t'ea\ririg, slipper making antl scrl i n g. Fi nai exarni nati ons I,veregi ven i n the E vening I{i gh S chool on the l ast three ni ght sessi onsof t he term. SupEnrxTExDEitr oF Pusr,rc INsTnuce-rolt On S aturdav, D ecenrber4, the nonthl y teacher s' meeti ng rvas hel d i n the P ost Ofi ce S chool. The scoresrnadeb1' the vari ous scl tcol sat the fai rs n'er e announceC . D i scussi onson di sci pl i ne, l he te aching of spel 1i ng,w ri ti ng ard readi ng w ere hel d. I, et t er s from Mr. and Mrs. R obert H a1l w ere read. trI r . Hall w as formerl y S uperi ntendeni of P ubl i c Instr uct ion i n Guam. The fnterrnedi ate S chool pupi l s ancl A gana t eachers vi si ted the U .S .S . P ITTS B U I{G n' hi 1ei t q'as in the trarbor. Fifteen dollars' worth of baskets rrere sol d on the shi p. P reparati onsfor C i rri stmasand teachers'exam iuati ons.took up a good deal of the ti me of the S uper intendent.


GenpEN eNr> Atnr,Elrc

SupEnvrson

T h e fi rst The S uper r r is o rs p e n t a b u s y m o n th . p a rt was giv en orre rto s ," rp e ri n te n d i n th g e a rr angeme nt s f or t he dis t ri c t fa i rs a t D e d e d o a n d Yo n a. A phy s ic al dr i l l c o mp e ti ti o n b e tw e e n th e fi rst g ra d er s of S an A nto n i o , B i l i b i c , An i g u a , a n d N umb e r O ne r v asheid -i nth e Pl a z ao n T h u rs d a y morni ng, De cer nber23. T h e j u d g e s d e c i d e d i n fa v o r o f A ni g u a , alt hough B il i b i c w a s a c l o s e c o n te n d e r. The p ri ze was an indoo r b a s e b a l la n d b a t. Out iy ing s c hoo l s re p o rt th e s a l e o f v e g e ta bl esto d a te' as f ollor v s : M e ri z o , $ 3 0 .4 2 : U m a ta c , #4.40; Si n a jana, $: . z O ; D e d e d o , # S.z O . Two f ar m er s ' me e ti n g s , o n e a t D e d e d o a n d one at Ba rrigada, wer e a tte n d e d . S up ER v l s o n o F fi L ' s IC Sc hools v is it ed, te n ; m u s i c a p p re c i a ti o n c o urses, fo u r ; m ont hly so l fe g g i o a n d m u s i c a p p re ci ati on co u fs es f or t eac h e rs , fo u r; n u m b e r o f s o n g s t aught ,to pupils dur ing th e mo n th . th re e ; n u mb e r o f songs ta u ght t o a1l t eac h e rsw h o a tte n d e d n e e k l y i nstructi o n s , t r v o, Th e s ongs ," A des te F i d e l i s ," " O C h ri s tn ra sTree, " a n d S ilent Night , " w e re s u n g i n e v e rl ' s c l rool as a p a rt of t he Chr is t m a s p ro g ra n l. A s s e n rb l y s i ngi ng o f N uinber O ne, Itrte rm e d i a te , P o s t O ffi c e , D orn Ha l l, B ilibic , S an An to n i o a n d A n i g u a w a s h el d i n th e P laz a on Chr is tu ra se r.e . T h e ti rn e o f th e S upervi so r f or t he m on th n ' a s d e v o te d to th e C h ri stmas a cti vit ies . F le des e rv e sm u c h c re d i t fo r th e a rrarseme nt s and pr ogr ari r o l r C h ri s tma s e v e . A gener al c onf e re n c eo f a l l rn r,rs i ci n s tru c to rs w as h e l d at t he P os t O ffi c e b u i l d i n g o n l )e c e m b e r 18, for th e pur pos e of hav i n g d i s c u s s i o n sc o n c e rn i n g musi c i n th e public s c ho o l s . W o rk o n th e d ra n ' i n g o f perma nent s t af is f or s o l fe g g i o i n s tru c ti o n i n th e several sch o ols r v ili be s t a rte c li mme d i a te l v . Lrnnanrtx Tot al at t endanc ea t l i b ra ry d u ri n g tl i e n to n t h: 381 Bo ok s is s ued: 33 1 Bo ok s in I , ibr ary : 1 6 9 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 77.

303

THE GUAM RECORDI]R

FEI]RUARY 1927

AtrExn,q.xcE A nigua ro o % (tzoenr o l l e d ) A s an l o o % ( a z enf o l l e d ) Y ona rco% ( oz enr o l l e d / T alof of o ro o % ( s: enr o i l e d ) I nar ajan 9 9 .9 9 % Dor n I lall ee.s7% I nt er m ediat e ee.48% Num ber O ne ee.17% Dededo ee.37% P it i ee34% Post Office ee.n% B ilibic 99.1,8% M er iz o e8.63% B ar r igada e8.40% G uam I ns t it ute e8.38% A gat e8.os% S inajana e8%

S an A ntoni o U matac A meri can, A gana Guam E veni ng H i gh S chool 22. Y i go 23, S umay 24. S umay A meri can

18. 19. 20. 21.

e7.e7% 97.7570

e4.3r% 90.48% 83.9s% Not reported Not reported

AGAT NEWS A gct presented e spi endi cl prograrn on D e cem ber 25, 1926. A mong tl re guests w as Mrs. R i ddle, t he S uperi ntendent of P ubl i c Instructi on. ' fhe extensi on of A gat S chool accommodat e<l t he l arge number of vi si tors that w ere entertai n ed. I t i s esti matedthat over fi ve hundred personsr,v it nessed t1-'LrrL

^*^*-^* PruSraur.

BOYS SCHOOL TAUGHT PRACTICAL CARPENTRY O n e o f t h e b e s t p i e c e s o f p r a c t i c a l w o r k e ve r u n d e r t a k e n b y t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n i s th e e r e c t i o n o f t h e a d d i t i o n t o t h e P i t i s c h o o l bu i l d i n g b y t h e c a r p e n t r y c l a s s e s o f t h e I n t e r r r e d i a t e sch o o l of Agana. A 1 i o f t h e l r 'o r k , f r o m t h e l a y i n g o f tl i e foundation to the putting on of the corrugated iron r o o f i s b e i n g d o n e b y t h e b o y s , u n d e r t h e s u p er yi si o n o f N {r . J u a n R . L u j a n , c h i e f c a r p e n t e r o f t h e d e p a r tment. T h e b o y s a r e d i v i d e d i n t o f i r 'e s h i f t s , e a ch sh i ft going to lvork on certain days of each week. Th e v a r e t n u g l r t t h e s i n r p l e n r e c h a n i c s o f c a r p e n t r l ; sa u .i n g l u m b e r , d r i v i n g n a r l s , j o i n i n g , p l u m b i n g u p r i g h ts, f i g u r i n g a u g l e s , r e a d i l g b l u e p r i n t s , a n d e s ti m a ti n s c o s t s . T r a n s p o r r a t i o n f r o m A g a n a t o P i t i , a cl i sta n ce o f f i v e m i l e s , a n d r e t u r n i s f u r n i s h e d b y t l i e D e p a r tment of Industries. T h e p r a c t i c a i r v o r k i s n o t c o n f i n e d t o t h e b o ys alone. A g r o u p o f t h e g i r l s f r o r n t h e D o n r e sti c S c i e n c e C l a s s e s g o t o P i t i e a c h d a y , w h e r e t h e b o r .s a r e w o r k i n g , a n d u n d e r t b e s u p e r v i s i o n o f I \ i i ss l {a i r a L e o n G u e r r e r o , a t e a c h e r o { t h e I n t e r m e d i a t e Sch o o l . c o o k t h e n o o n d a y m e a l f o r t h e b o r r s . T h e y r e ce i r - e practical instruction in planning and preparing meals as weli as cooking and serving sar:e. T h e b o y 's c a r p e n t r y c l a s s h a v e c o m p l e t e d t h e e r e ction of a building in Agana, for use as a shop where t i r e y m a k e v i r r i o n s a r t i c l e s u s e d i n t l r e c l a s s r o o m s; t h e y h a v e f i t t e d o u t a n u m b e r o f c l a s s r o b m s u - i th desks, blackbcards, and other equiptnent.

G UA M I l orre my i sl ancl home of Guam; A nd hope you l ove i t too. It i s the dearestspot on earth, To i t I w i l l be true. S ornethi nk thi s i sl and very smal l , There i s no pl ace to roam. No matter r,vhat'.he world may sa5r, To me, it's lIome Sweet Hone.-Emma

Gaj,.


304

THE GUAM RECORDER Guam lnstitute News Notes

The r ear r angeme n t o f c l a s s e s2 -8 , a n d , l -A, has ca u s edt he nec es s ityo f c h a n g i n g th e h o u rs o f sessi on to the af t er noon pe ri o d fo r th e E i g h th Gra d e . Si x pupils of t h e e i g h th g ra c i e b a ' r' ee x p re sseda d e si r e t o c ont inue th e i r s tu d i e s e i th e r i n th e Uni ted Sta tes or t he P hili p p i n e Is l a n d s a fte r c o ru p l e ti ngi n th i s gr ade in G uanr. The f ollowing c h a n g e s h a v e b e e n ma d e i n the ro u ti ne of s c hool w o rk : M i s s L a g ri ma s p . L . Guerre_ ro , i s now in c har g e o f i n s tru c ti o n o f mu s i c . The Mi sses Llaniu, S an N i c o l a s , a n d S a n to s , h a v e c h arge o f th e I ndus t r ial C l a s s e s , a n d Mr. Bi ta n g a , i s the sch o ol Dr ill M as t er fo r th e b o y s . Th e " Cur r ent E ve n ts C 1 u b " h a v e ta k en a n acti ve i n te res t in t he Ch i n e s e a n d N i c a ra g u a n q u e sti ons d u ri ng t he pas t m o n th . T h e re a d i n g o f p a p e rs on th e g eogr aphy and h i s to ry o f Gu a m b y th e p ri n c i pal , h a ve been par t of th e re g n l a r l i te ra ry p ro g ra ms of th e C lub.

Orders to 0fficers Ord er s hav e bee n i s s u e d fo r c h a n g e o f d u t y for Offi cer snow s er r . ' in ga t th i s S ta ti o n : . I,i e ut enant G eor g e Wa l k e r, U . S. N a v y , to R e cei v_ i n g Ship, S an F r anc i s c o . I,i e ut enant T . A . D u rh a m , (S C ), U . S. Na.i'y, to Re ceiv ing S hip, S a n F ra n c i s c c .' M"_t t q. G unner , sW . L a l ti n , U . S . M. C., to -_ val Hos pit al, B rJeamnere Na rto n , Wa s h . . I.i e lt . - Com dr . J o h rr K. R i c h a rd s , U . S. N a vy, to Asi a tic S t at ion. I,i eut enant Lam a r I.e e , (SC ), U . S. N a v y , to R e_ ce i vi n g S hip, S an F' ra n c i s c o . I,i e ut enant \ I . E . D i s b ro q ,, (SC ), U . S. N a vy, to Re ce i v ing S hip, . S a n F ra n c i s c o .' Trrn For,r,o\vrNc OFFTcERSI{AVE REcnrveo OnoEns FoR DLrTyAT GuAM. I,i e ut enant J . J . Ma d d e n , U . S. N a r,1 ,. L i e u t enant E . C. O' C o n n e 1 l , (D S), U . S. N a v y. I,i e ut . ( j. g. ) n. A . Sc h n e i d e rs ,(MC ), U .S. N avy. I,i e ut enant E . I , e R . B a i l e S' ,(SC ), U . S . N a v 1 ,. L i e u t enant Clif f ord W . I,e R o y , (S C ), U . S . Navy. I,i e ut enant Har r y R . H u b b a rd , (S C ), U . S. N avy.

I,i e ut enant Ros s B. D e mi n g , (SC ), U . S. Navy, Re ti re d, who s er v e d a t th i s S ta ti o n a s D i s b ursi ng Officer a few years ago, has been relieved from all d u ty and or der ed t o h i s h o m e . p a y m a s te r D e mi ng has been in very poor health for some time.

FEBRUARY 1927

TESTTD RECIPES ANDDOMESTIC HINTS SCIENCE BY MRS.NAGLE

Mutton Haricot.-Cut two pounds of breast mutton i nto pi eces, and rol l i n fl our and brow n i n drippings. Transfer to a stew i ng pan and add tw o s lices of oni on, cover w i th boi l i ng w ater and l et si mmer unt il very tender. A dd one pi nt of parboi l ed po t at oes or one pi nt of macaroni and one pi nt of peas, s e&son, l et si mmel unti l veget.abl es are done. Brown Beef Stew.- Cut two pourrds of beef iuto smal l pi eces. Mel t somc of the fat i n a pa n and brorvn i n i t one-hal f of the meat. P l ace the r est of the meat i n a kettl e w i th one pi nt of col d w at er , let stand tw enty mi nutes, then heat sl ow l y. Transf er brovynedmeat to kettl e; thi cken fat, w i th tw o t ablespoonsful bror' vnfl our, add one pi nt of boi l i ng wat er and sti r. W hen thi ck, st,rai ni nto kettl e. A d d one cup of di ced carrots, cover, and l et si mmer. When hal f done add one pi nt of dri ed potatoes, season w el l w i th sal t and pepper and serve at once. B rai sedB eef.-W i pe and tri m si x pounds of r ound or rump of beef w i thout bone. S ear brow n on all si r.l esi n every hob fryi ng pan over hot fi re . I n brai si ng pan or i ron kettl e put l ayer of sl i ced o nions, turni ps, or earl ots. A dd bunch of sw eet herb s, one teaspoon of sal t. I/2 teaspoon of pepper, on t his a l ayer of meat. A dd one pi nt of boi l i ne w ater ( or w ater of stew ed tomat,oes) cover cl oseft and cook four hours i n moderate oven. If w ater evap or at es rapi dl y, add more. Transfer meat to hot plat t er . strai n, thi cken and seasonthe gravy. The vegctabl cs m& 1,fg served separatel y i f so desi red.

PorkChops WithTomato Gravy.-Trim off the skin

nnd fat from the pork chops, rub the chops over r,vi th a mi xture of pow dered sage and oni o n; put smal l pi ecesof butter i nto the fryi ng pan, th en t he chops, and cook sl ow l y as they shoul clbe w el l dcr . e. Lay the chops on a hot di sh, add a l i ttl e hot wat er to the gravy i n the pan, One l arge spoon of but t er rol l ed i n fl our, pepper, scl t and sugar, add l /z cup of j ui ce drai ned from tomatoes, stew fi ve mi nutes and pol l r over the chops, scrve at once. P annedS teakor C hops.-Tri m anrJw i pe steak, heat fryi ng pan unti l i b smokes al l over. R ub bot t om w i th a pi ece of fat, l ay i n the steai <and turn ever y 10 seconds. K eep the pan very hot, season r vhcn done. (mutton and prl k chops,al so ham andb econ, may be panned i n the same manner.) If a hot pl atter for steak i s rubbed n' i th a cut oni on, i t w i l l gi ve a del i ghtful fl avor to the meat .

Meat P uffs.- One cup of col d meat, tw c) eggs, one cup of fl our, one cup of mi l k, one sal t spoon of salt , one shake of red pepper, U se for thi s any k iud of col d meat very fi nel y choppecl . 1\{akea ba t t er of the eggs,fl our and the mi l k, a l i ttl e sal t ancl a pinch of red pepper, beat w el l and sti r i n the rneat. Bal<e i n a hot greasedgempan about 15 or 20 mi nut es.


F'EI]I{UARY 1927

THE GUAM RECORDER

305

SOCIAL DOINGS IN GUAM The f ir s t of t he D i n n e r P a rti e sg i v e n a t th e Gol ernn e n t, J : Lr us e, by G o v e mo r a n d l Irs . I-i S . S h a p l eyduri n g t he f ir s l inontl i o f th e 1 9 2 7 S o c i a l C a l e n d e r,\t' as h e l d on J r nnar y 6t h u ' i th th e fo l l o rv i n gg u e s tsp r esent: N{rs . B r nc e R. W are , L i e u t.-L o n rd r. a n c l i \Irs . R . S atte rl e e, Lieul. I ' . J . P e n n e r, L i o u t. a n c l [' Ir.* .J .C.H eck, L i e u t , . nnt Ll' I r s . T . \\r. Sp e a r, L i e u t. a n d L t l s . W . O. Hi l l ,r r , bidle, Lieut . a n d N Irs .W.L .H a rc l i n g , a n c i Li eut. n n d ll r s . \ \ ' . O . B li c e . An I nf or m lr l Lu n c h e o nl ' a .oa c c o rd e ' dth e O fi lcersci f th e U. S . S . Hur or : o n J i ri ru rl y 9 th . b l ' Go v e rtt ti rand l 'Irs. L, S . S haplel' . T h e g u e s tsi n c i u d e d C a p t. \V i )Ii a ms, Cor ndr ' .Rill e r, C o rn d r. Be s t, L i e u t.-Comdr. Pe rkins , Lieub. 0h a p ma n , i l l rs . B ru c e R . \\' rre, nrr,l Co l . lnd X ' I r s .G . C . R e i d . A{ l e r t} i e l ttrtc h eonthe p a l ty iv ent dr iv in g o v e r th e p i c tu re s q u el o a d s ancl th e n at t ended t he b a l l g a rn eh e l d o n th e Pl a z a . On' lues day ev e tri n g ,J a n l ta ry 1 1 th , C a p t. \\i i l l i rrnrs a n d Lieut . Chapm a nrv e reg u e s tso f G o re rn o l ' rrrcl trl r" s. Sh apley ,at dinner a t th e Go v e rtru e n t l l o u s e rrnd l ater a t th e Clr - r b. L i eut . Chr pr ir nn i s th e h o u s eg u e s t o f G o te tnor anci L {rs . S hapley dur i n g th e L r. S . S . H trro n ' s stay i rr Gu :rm . Capi. W illit r m s L rn ss p e n t,s e v e rn l e n j o y rb l e a{ tcrn o o n s hor s ebac k ri c l i n g n ' i th N frs . S h a p l e l ' . H e has a l so been an ent l ' ru s i a s ti cs u p p o rte r o f th e IItt ron' s b a se bellt ear n in t h e i r s e rre ra le n g a g e m e n tsw i ti r the l o ca l t ear ns . C apt , . 1V illin, m s ,L i e u l . C h a p rl a n , a rd L i e u t. and Mrs. R. S . V ir r . ll rv e re c l i n n e r g u e s ts o f th e S h api el ' s o rr J ar ruar v l6t h. A v s r y enjoy ablee v e n i n g w a ss p e n to n J a n u a r y 19th. wh e n G ov er nor an d Mrs . L . S. Sh a p l e y g a v e a l {oonl i g h l S wir nnr ing Ptr,rl y { o r th e O fl i c e rso f th e Huron, a l Pit , i. Ref r es l i me n tsrv e re s e rv e d a t th e f' al ace lrr.ler O n J anuar y 13 b h , C a p t. \\' i l l i a m s g a v e a I)i nnet' a b o a r d bhe U. S . S . H u ro n fo r Go v e rn o r a rrd l { rs. L. S. S hapley . O lher g u e s tsi n c l u d e d L i e u t.-C o mdr. and Nl rs . J . K . Ric har d s , Mr. a n d IIrs . D a n i e l tr{ o rri son, Xfrs . J . K . Ric har d s , S r., C o md r. R i tte r, a n d Li eui . Be s t . T he par t , . va tte n d e rdth e i l o v i e s a l .l o a rdthe shi p a fi e r t he dinner . The lr r , s tof t lr e s e ri e so f d i n n e r p .rrti e sa t the Gove rn rnenl Hous e wn s g i v e n o rr J a n u a ry 2 7 th . Governo r a nd f t I r s . S haple yh a tl fo l th e i r g u e s tsL i e u t.-Conrdr. a n d ) lr s . J . K . Ric h a rd s , L i e u t.-C o n rd r. rn c l I' l rs. V . !1 . A r m s t r oug, l{ r s. Bru c e R . Wa re , C a p t. a n d l Irs. , i e u t. C h a p n rn n,C apt. Otto S alz m an, Cr r .p t.W i l l i a ms L a n d X [ r s . A r t hur H . P a g e . ]Irs . J . K . R i c h n rd s, S r., Il i ss J oanna F er r is , a n d .N [r.N { c A]l i s te r. , r., e n te rta i n e d r.r' ' i tha vei y X' I r s .J . K . Ric ha rd .q S d e l i ght f ul Dinner P a rty a t th e Offi c e r' sC l u h o n Ttresd a y ev ening,J anua ry 2 5 th . C o v e rs\y e rel a i d for Gove rn o r and } { r s . L. S. S u a ,p } e yC , a p t. Wi i l i a ms , Li eut.Co mdr . and l{ r s . J . K. R i c h a rd s , l fr. a n d Mrs . D ani e] Mo rris on, Capt . an d M rs . Otto S a l z m a n , IIrs . B ruce

R . W are, C apt. and Mrs. E : L. R ussel l , Mrs. I . D. S poonemore,N { rs.If . W . B radbury, Li eut. an d X{r s. A Ifred R . H arri s, and I' Ii ssS ue D auser. ' Ihe home of Mr. and Mrs. D trni el l {orri son r vast he sceneof tvvodi nner parti es recentl y. ' l hei r g uest son Jrrnua,ry17th. rvereGovernor and \{ rs.S hapl e y, Capt . W i l l i aurs, C apt. anci l {rs. A rN hur H . P age, Lieut . C omdr. and Mrs. J.K .R i chards, Mrs. J. K . R ichar ds, S r., and Li eut. C hapnran. Li eul . zr.ndX frs. l l . A . D r-rrhanr,Li eut. arrd M r s. N. IN . D i sbrorv, Li eut. and X ' l l s.Lamar Loe, and Lieut . and Mrs. H . A . K eener \veregue,stsof the l \{or r isons orr [{ondn.y,Ja,nuary241h. Li eLrt.-C orndr.and Mrs.V . S . A rmsl rong enter t ained Jl nual y 20th, u' ' i tl i a cl i rrrterparLy at, thei r hom c in S uma;r, for Li eut.-C onrdr. a.nd X Irs. J. K " Richar ds, C rpt,. \V i l l i ams, N Irs. R i charcl s,S r., D r. Scholt es, Li eut.-C omcl r.Ihval l and D r. \rann. T,i eut. and Mrs. A l fred R . H arri s entertained on Janua,ry 22nd. w i th a di nner ptrty at thei r h om e in S urna;' , for Li er-rt.-C omdr.artd l l rs. J. K . R ichar ds, X i l s. R i chards, S r., I-i eut. arrd } l rs.' 1. A . Dur ham , Li eut,. arrd l frs. N , E . Il i sbl q$., Li eut. P . J. Penner , and Li eut. and n{ rs, S hel ton C . Zern. Tl ' i e horne of l ,i etrt. and hfrs, W . O. B ri ce n'ast lie scene of a di nner party on Jantrar.y24th i n h onor of Li cut.-C orrrdr.ancl N l rs. J. I{ . R i c}rards. The guest s i nr' l udctl X Irs. R i chards, S r., Li eut.-C onrdr. a nd l\ {r s. V . S . A rurstrong, [Irs. A . I{ . P ,tge, Li eul . l {ur phy, Li eri l . and l ' { rs. A . \1r. K rei ser, and l { r..\l cAllisler . ' Ihe honi e of C apt. r' .ncll l rs. J. \V al l er n' as L hescene of a D i nner P arty on Januarl ' l $11 . The gu est sinci ur-l edLi eut. anC l { rs. ' 1. W . S pear, Li eut. a nd l{r s. Ireorl I)ancer, Li ettt. and Ml s. F' D .' W al ker, Lieut . and l { rs. H . A . K eener, Li eut. anclX {rs. \V . O . Hilt abi dl e, and ),Iari neGunner and tr' Irs.E . ' f. Ozabal. A bri dge D i nner w i i s gi ven Ji rnul ry 15th. b y Lieut . and 5Irs. P . A . D ecker tt thei r honc i n P i ti . Those Governor and N Irs. L. S . S hap)ey,r lf ls. preserrb' rvere: bruce R . W are, I' l rs. D . Mol ' ri son, Li eut' . C hapur an, Li eut. nnd N Irs.' 1. A ' I)nrharu, 1,i eut. P . J. Penner , Li eut. and i l h' s. A l i retl D oucel " , X frs. J' C . Tt r ylor , Li eut. and } {rs. }r. D . W tl i rer, I-i eut and l {rs. Lat t t ai' f,ee, Li eut. and l i rs. A l fred TI l {arri s, Mari ne G unner and l ' Irs. IX mory T. Ozahal , and l l achi n is| ar lcl Mrs. H arry E . l { i l l ard' Li eut. and N TrsP . A . D ecl ter cnberbi l i nedr vit h an i nformal di nner party ol t N erv Y ears D ay f or [ [ r s. B ruce R . \V are, D i ck \\' are, n' [rs J. C . Tayl or , Xf iss ( Pleasc turn to Page317)


306

THE GUAM RECORDER

I.'EtsRUARY 1927

THE FIRST MISSIONARIES In t lr e y ear 1662 , th e s h i p S a nD a m i a n ,b o u n d rvi th Je su it m is s ionar iesf ro m A c n p n l c o to th e Ph i i i p p i ncs, sb o p pecet i G uar n f o r rv u ,te r. A m o n g th e mi s s i onari es rva s P ac lr e Dic go L u i s d e Sa n v i to re s , w h o rvas so i n u ch im plc s s ed r v i th i h e c o n d i ti o n o f th e n a l i ves th a t he c lc t c r m ine d to d e d i c a te i i i ms e l f to thei r l l l drni l a, co rver s ion t o Chr is ti a ,n i t;' . 1 1 " p ro c e e d e cto a n rl af ler ov c r c orn i l g m u c h o p p o s i ti o n fro m the i n o b ta i n i n g a l oyai i n sn lar gov c r lr nen b s L rc c e e d e d d e cl ee or deling a v e s s e ia n d me a n s fo r th e c s tnbl i shme n b of a m is s ion to th e L a c l ro n e Is l a n c l s . To hi s tl i sa ppoinim c nt t he s h i p rv a so rc l c re dto P e ru before g o i n g t o t hc Lac lr o n e s ,a n d c o n tra ry ' l v i n d s c o mpel l ecl th e m t o put in at Ac a p u i c o i n s te a d o f P e ru . r vhere Sa n vit or c s anr l his n s s i s ta n t fo u n d th e rn s e i ves i n Ja n u r , r y 1668, or s i x 1 ' c a rs a fte r h i s fi rs t v i s i t to Gu a m . Her e he m e t w i th rn o re o p p o s i ti o n frc m the Vi ce r olr of N{ ex ic o ,r' rh o d c c l i n c d to h o n o r th e royal d e cree by f ur nis hi n g frrn d s . T h e s e l a s t tro ubl es we re ov er c or ne,ho w e v e r, b y fu rn i s h i n g 1 8 w er-l thy b o n rls m en,and by tl o n a l i o n s o f th e So c i c ty r;f Jesus i n N{ ex ic o. Sr lnv it or es and h i s p a rty o f mi s s i o n a ri e s s t arteti th e i r ex pedit ion f r o m A c a p u l c o o n th e 2 3 d . o f } Iarch, 1 6 6 8 , and s ight ec l Gu a m a t n i g h tfa l i o n th e l 5 t.h. of th e fo ilowinq J une. T h e mi s s i o n a ry p a rt;;, c o n si sti ng o f S anv it or es and fo u r o th e r p ri c s ts , a l a 5 , b r other, a fe r v lay m en, a ca p t:ri i .r,a n d 3 2 s o l d i e rs ,fo u ncl the n a ti v es t o bc f r ien rl l -7a n c l th e rv o rk o f c o n verti ng n n l 1r : r . pt iz ingt he i n p ro g re s s c c sl a ti s fa c to ri l y for a sh o rb t im e; nn ob j e c t" i o rrth e n a ro s e rv i th th e resrrl t th a t t wo s olt lier sw e re k i l l e d , a n d c n e p ri e s t rv o u nrl ed. Th e wor k of c onve rti n g th e n a t,i v e s v re n t s t ea,di i y o n , t , hough agains t c o n s ta n tl y g l o w i n g o p p o si ti on, a s i ',,bec r m c m or e i l n d m o re a p p rt' e L ttto th c l iberi y

l ovi ng i n.habi tantsthat the new rel i gi on, as ad m inistcred by the ovei zeal ous pri ests, a stri ct c ode of l i vi ng, w hi ch depri ved i hcm of thei r freecl om ,t hr eat ened tc change i n evel y rcspcct thei r cust or ns, habi ts, and everi thei r manner of dress. W h : it ever may have been thei r true characters, anrl rr ot r vit hst,andi ng the fact that thei r reports show a t ot al of 32,U 00 bapti sms cl uri ng the fi rst ei ght mon t hs of thei r rvol k, el everrof thei r pari ,y met vi ol ent deat lis at the harri l sof the nati ves duri ng the years 16681672. In the years that fol l or,ved,many pri est s and scl di ers arri ved to rerpl acethoqe rvho had paid wit h thei r l i ves thei r cl etcrmi nati onto force thei r civilizati on upon the i nhabi tants. B etw een the ti rne Ma,sel l andi scoveredthe Islands (1521) rrrrl i l re l i rne thJrrri ssi onari esri ' t' i l ed, ( 1668) or one i rundred and fi fty-seven ye& rs, Gttam hacl i recomc a regul al port of cal i for ai l shi ps bound fl om and to A capul co, P eru, and the P hi l i ppincs, stoppi ng herc to repl eni sh ' r,hei rn' ater supply and tecei vc fresh prcvi si ons, ancl duri ng thi s i ong per iocl i t i s cvi C ent that good rel ati ons exi stecl bet' l vecnt he n:i ti ves ancl vi si tors, The ccnqrtestconsequentl ybegan June 16t h. 1668' and enti retryencl edJul y 1695. D uri ng these t i, vent yseven )' ci rrs, a state of rvar exi sted betw een t he nati ves ancl i he S pa,ni ards,rvhi ch broke out i n all it s fur;' from ti me to ti me, w i th the fi nal result t lt at the i srl anci sw ere practi cal l i r depopul ated o f 1, heir mal e i nhabi trrnts, and al l i n the name of reiigion and chri sti ani t,y. A short ti me pri or to 1769, or after 100 year s r if rul e anC mi srul c, the Jesui ts rvh.rw ere i nstrum ent ai i n the effort,to ci vi l i ze a,ri dchri sN i ani zethe islands, by the orC er of the C row n. rvcre expel l ec1

INTRODUCTIONOF ANTS M os b per s ons c o n s i d e r a l l a n ts n s a n u n mi tigated p e st, es pec ilily t h e h o u s e h o l d e rw h o tri e s v a li ari tl y to l < eept hem out o f th e h o m e . On th e o th e r hand so m e em inent auL h o ,;i ti e su o o n th i s c l a s s o f i nsccts sa y t hat , ev er y t hi n g b e i n g C o n s i d e l e tl ,th e v a l c one o f the m os t bene fi c i e l i n s e c ts l v h i c h rv o rk i n tl ' re i n te res bsof m ank i n d . T h i s c l o e sn o t me a n th at al l o f the hundr eds of s p e c i e so f a n ts a re e n ti rc l y w i l hT he re a re s o me s p e c i e s rv h i c h are o u t blam e. e n ti rely har niul, s o me th a t a re h a rrn fu l i n some re sp ec t san, - 1bene fi c i a li n o i l i e rs , b u t th e g re at maj o ri ty of ant s peci e sp ro b a b l y a re e n l i re l y b e nefi ci al . Of t he t went y - f o u r s p e c i e s o f a n ts o c c u rr i ng i n Gu a m only a f ew e n te r h o u s e si n s e a rc h o f f ood or sh elier and t hu. qma k e th e rn s e l v e sa n u i s a n c e. The ma i ci' it y ar e nev e r n o ti c e d b y th c a v e ra g e pe!' son' a n d ar e c ont ent to g o u p o n th e i r s c a v e n g i n gw ay i n th e f or es t s and f ie l d s , In gener al, ants a re s c a v e n g e rs a n d h e re i n l i es th e ir c hief benef l t to ma n k i n C , a i c l i n g g re a tl y i n the ra p i d r em ov al of d e a c la n i m a l a n c l v e g e ta b l enratter,

l vhi ch otherw i se w oul d be subj ect to a sl our pr ocess of decay and i ts con-qequentresul ts. A nts t hem sel ves,bei ng smal i , coul d not remo-\reor cot t sum ea ci ead crl rv beforc i b putri fi ecl , bttt can and do consta,nti y perfortn l i ke servi ces anrong tl re m yr ir c'| si nal l er forms of l i fe rvhi ch by thei r si ze escapet he not,i ceof men, but by thei r numbers mtke up a bulk greater th:r,nal l the hi ghel fol ms that l i ve a ncl clie. S ome ants horvever,are morc thrn mel " osca vcnger s. A nurnber of speci esat' e at,ti vel l ' precl eceol l s, - pr ef er i ng to captrtre and i ri l l thei r or,vnfood. S ucr ha one which lras isl,he tittle brown ant' Pheidalemegacepbala This iit t le l atel y been i ntroducqd i nto Guam. * o.l i et w as purposel y brought here pri mat 'ilv t o comba,tthe horrsefl y. It i s crcdi teciw i th pra ct ica, lly extern' ri nati ngthe hrl usefl 1' and i n conttol l i n g ot her fl i es w l rerever i t has become establ i shed, O t her ci ai ms for i t are that i t r,vi l l cl ri ve out and t ake t he pl ace of al l other ki nds of ants, sonte qui c kly and bthcrs l i ke the t' cd " fi re ant" sl orvl y, brtt eve nt r . r ally the P hei dol e w i rs thc terri tory i t i nvades. The


THE GUAM RECORDER

}-EBI{UARY 1927

o n l ;' ds c i*it c c lc f e & t i t, l ' ra r e v o r h a c l b c i n g a ,t thc h :i l rds of t , ir c A r s ln ti rte i L n r,rv i ri c h i s th c m o s t fcrcci rrt- rs nr i t c iu, c iou s rn t k n o rv n . Irr l. dililion t o a ' rta c k i n s fl i c s a n tl o + " h c ra nts the Pbeidate megacephala lvi!1 r,ltick :r,ttrl,ic-.{r'oya.1lot}rer i n ..c et ,r r r r i s innli a n i i r:1 1fo l l n s v ,,i th l v l i i c h i t can co p o anc l lir us r ic st' " ro ;r'l asrg e n u m i ;e i s o f i n j uri orts i i r:e c t s . ii : r is o :r,tt& c l i i i n e n y k i n d s o f b e n efi ci al i n sc c is s oinc of r v h i c l ri l o v c rc o n re s b , u t l h r: maj ori ty a rc enr lolec l by n :r,tu rerv i ttr n e a rs o f p ro t ecti on rvl ,i c h ev en t his c:r,r' n i v o ru sa n I c n n n n t p e n ctl etc. Th e r c hav e eis o b e e n re p c rts { ,h a t P h c i rl o l esi rl })eti i l e s ent els hous e s , l tu t th e i r ta -q tefo r s rv e etsand d ry f oc t is is not w e l l d e v c l o p e d rtn c la s a ru l e do not i :l v:t , i' li1lt . ' rs t c ier ! p i e c i n ts o f m a n . i l r v c r ilJ Lr ehr lr ,l l o f,n l :rn 5 ' l i v i n g th i n g rvi l hout srrn i: i: lulls r nr - 1t h c Ph c i d c l e l n t, i s n o e x c e p tion but * 'i th all iis goor l p o i n ts g re a tl y o v e rb a l a n c e srvhat b ,rd r ir r esit n' r avh a v e a n c l c v e n i f i t o n l v fu l fi l l n i ts co nt r r : . c tt o t he exte n t o f m a k i n g tL :c l :o trs e fi ;,1:arri to find ib r v iil be w e l c o m c .

\^/ILLIAFI| EDW|N SAFFORD (1 8 5 6 - i926) The t leat h of W i l l i a m Ec l w i n S a ffo l d o n J il nuary 1 0 , 1926, lef t a g a p i n t,h era n k s o f A n re ri c a n botarri st s t hnt r v ill no i s o o n b e fi l l e d , fo r l )o c tc i r S afford h a d m ade f or hims e l f a u n i q u e p l a c e i n h i s chosen sci e nc e. T he lis t o f h i s p u b l i s h e d rv ri ti n g s ru ns to so n re 80 bit les ar -rcol f th e s e p a p e rs & v e ry l a rge naj o ri l .y r leal r v iNhpla n b si n l h e i r i ru m a n re l a ti o nshi ps. To t hos e n' ho k n o rv D o c to r .9 a ffo rdth e re w as no mys t er y in his pr rrfe re n c efo r th i s p l ta s e o f b o tany. I{e was f ir . *Nanc i fo re rn o s t a s i L rd e n to f m a n ki nd. I'e o ple of ev er y r a c e a n d " p l a c ea ro u s e d h i s i n terest, rr,ni ut er es i nol m e re l y s c i e n ti fi c b ti t i n f u s e d r-i i th the l <i n c lly s y m palhy th a t u ' a s th e v e ry e s s e n c eof the l n a ,n . His lieen in te i ' e s ti n h u n ra n i ty l e d h i n : to tl i e s.t,rit lyof et lr nolog y , p h i l o J o g y ,a n c ' l l c b a e o l o g 1' ,al rtl h i s anr az iug c aplr c ri tyfo r o trs e r.," a ti oann c l c l e ducl i on a .rrdhis gr eat lingn i s fi c a b i l i fy b ro u g h t h i m d i - sti mj ti o n in t hes e { ields o f re s e n ,rc ha s rv e l l a s i n b i o l ogy. D, r c t or S t f f or d u .a s b o rn a t C h i l l i c o th e , Ohi o, i n 1 8 5 9 and gr aduab e d fro rn th e U n i te d S ta te s N aval Aca d em y in 188( t . H i s c ru i s e s a s a n o ffi c e r of the Na vy and his s er vi c ei rr 1 8 1 1 a 9 n d 1 .9 0 0a s v i c e - E overn o r of t he is l: ind o f Gu a m g a r.' eh i n r ra l .er)p p o ;tul i ti e s f or biologic al a n d e b h n o l o g i c a li n v e s ti g a tionsi n th e is lands of t he P trc i fi s a n d o n th e $ ' e s t,c oar-tof Scu th A iner ic a. t l o rv w e l l h e a v rri l e d h i m sel f of th e s e oppor t unit ie s i s s h o w n b y s u c h p u l i l i c a tions as "Bcl tr niz ing in t he S tra i ts o f l { a g e l l a n ," " E x Lracts {ro m t he Not eboo k o { a N a tu ra l i s t o n th e Iq i n nd of Gu a r n,t ' " Cham or ro L a n g u a g e o f G u a rn ,t, a nd h i s ma g n um opus " Us e fu lP l a n ts o f tl i e Is l a n d o f G nam. " In 19C2 S ef f or d re s i g r-re dfro m th e N a v S 's p 4 n.ce p te dan appoint me n t i n th e Ofl l c eo f Ec o n o m i c and Syste nr at , icB ot any o f th e Bu re a u o f P l a n t Ir.r,l ustrI' , Un i teil S bat es Dep a rtrn e n t o f A g ri c u l ,,u i e , a post wh i c h he held t o th e e n d o f h i s l i fe . D u ri n g i hi s p e ri od he publis he d n u m e ro u sp a p e rso n th e s y srern-

30?

ati c bobany of ti re A nnonaceae,the mai nl y t r opical fami l y to w hi cl i our fani i l i ar papaw bel ongs ,on t he genus D a,tul a:rnd other groups. B ut no subject appenl edto hi nr ri tore at thi s stageof bi s careert han bhe use of pl ants by the abori gi nal popul at ioir soI N orth a,nd S outh A rnel i ca. " n' ood P l ants and 'I exti l es of A nci ent A ureri ctr,,t'" i rl rrgi cP l ants of Ancient A meri cans,tt ' " 1{ arcoLi cP l antsani l S ti nrui an t s o{ t ne t' antl " fl se ,-.,f A nci ent A nreri cart-q, \i uts by th e Abori gi nl .l A meri canst' w ere among the many pa pels on thi s subj eclrrhi ch appea,red duri ng the l ast te n yeals of hi s l i fe. Ife u' r' ote al so on the sacred fl o wer sof the A zLecsand on " l i gnum nephri ti cum," a wood rvhosesi ngul ar properti eshl ,d sti rred the curiosit y of rratural i stsi n the si xteenl h a,n.lseverrteethcent ur ies. The Jori rnal of Fl eredi ty had the pri vi l ege of jssui ng D ocl or S afforcl ' s l ast publ i shed contribut ion, " ' I' he P otabo of R ornance and of R eal i ty.t' I t is a most i nteresti ngaccountof the mi sconcepti cn sr egar di ng tl i rr ori gi n of l he potato n,hi ch prevailed in l )urope l ong after i ts i ntrod ucti on f rcnr the Ne. n' W orl d. E ven to those w l i o knerv S affol d l 'ell, t he i n thi s papcr i s sl rrpl i si rg . I t is erudi ti on di spl a:.' ecl al so a fi ne exarnpl eof hi s sl i i l i as a w ri ter. A t the ti rne of hi s death D octor S afford, in collabol ati on w i th hi s bel or-edw i fe, rras el gaged iu{. lr e preptl a,ti on of a vol urne on the " U ." eful I' lant s of l fexco," basecll rrgel l ' trpc,l rthe notesand colject icr , s of the l rte D r. D dn' ar,,i P al mer. Ii he had livecl to cornpl el ethi s rvorl <i t, doubtl ess w oul d har . et akei. rank as hi s rnost i mportant contri buti on to A n r er ican botanl ' . It has i re.enpossi bl e,i n t,hi s noti ce, to tonc h upot r bub a fen' of S l {Iol d' .qmul ti fari otrs i nl erest and a, t t njnrnents. H e l ovecll i t.eratr-rre, l rrusi cnnd pai nti ng, lr r d hi s l < now l edgeof thesc arts I' as r.ari ed and prc, f ound. I{i s nrnny-si decl nessnl ade hi ni a frrsci rratingconlpani on nncl hi s w ' :rrrn-herrl edness endearedhi m t o all rvh.rknew hi m. H i ,q trrmi l y i i fe rvasof i cl ealbear r t y an,1 hi ; rl ' :r' ot,i onto l h' : rvi fe and trvo ci i i l rl r en who (' l'. H K. ) survi ve hi m coul clrrot h:l ve bel n -qurpassed -Jaurnal af Heredity I7e/. 17, No. 10, Ort. 1926.

TYPE OFMEI.I NEEDED TODAY The world tocla1' is looking for men rvho are not for sale. M . e n r v h o a r e h o n e s t a n d s o u n d f r o m c e n t e r to ci r t o t h e i r e a r t 's c o r e . curnference-true l \ {e n w i t h c o n s c i e n c e s a s s t e a d y a s t h e r r e e d l e to the pole. M e n w h o n i 1 l s t a n d f o r t h e r i g h t i f t h e h e a ve n s totter and the earth reels. h l e n w h o c a n t e i l t h e t r u t h a n c l l c o k t h e r vo r l d r i g h t i n t h e e 5 'e . M e n w h o n e i t h e r b r a g n o r r t 1 n , m e n r v h o n e i th e r flag nor flinch. . M e n w h o h a v e c o u r a g e r 'v i t h o u t s h o u t i n g i t . M e n u 'h o k n o r v t h e i r m e s s a g e a n d t e 1 l i t . l l i e n r v h o l <n o w t h e i r b u s i n e s s a n d a t t e n c l t o i t. M e n l l h o a r e n o t a s h a m e d t o s a y " N o " w i th e n r p h a s i s , a n d r v h o a r e n o t a s h a m e d t o s a y " I ca n 't afford ii." -Califarnia Luml,er Merciaitt.


308

THE GUAM RECORDER

FEBRUARY 1927

LIFE GOES SMOOTHLY IN GUAM BISHOP \,IUSEUM MAN TURNS BOOSTER BUT NO TOURISTS NEED APPLY By Clarfre lraine I{o Nol, ur , u, T . H .,-Wh i l e n re ta p h y s i c i a nsand p h i l os opher s ar e s e .rrc h i n g fo r e v i d e n c e o f th e l ost co n ti nent of A t lant i s ,a l o t o f h a p p y , s i mp l e s o u l s are to d av liv ing in pea c ea n d p l e n tl ' a n d q u i e t o u t on the "to p of t he r , v or ld," th e h i .g h e s ts e a -p e a k ,th e beauti fu l i s land of G ua m; a U to p i a r p a ra d i s el o rrg si nce l o st t o hum au m em o ry o r re c o rc l .. At leas t one wou l d b e i i e v eti ra t th i s " b e a u ti fu l i sl e o f so m er v her e" is a h a p p v p l a c e , fro m th e g l o w i ng a cco unt sof H. G . F l o rn b o s te l ,o f th e Bi s h o p M u seum sta ff, u' ho is her e f o r a b ri e f s o j o u rn o n n ru s e u r nbusi n e ss . Hor nbos t el i s a i s o a s s o c i a te e d i to r of the Gu a m Rec or der . "A h, G uam , ) ' h e s a y :, " th a t i s a l i ttl e p a radi se a l l i ts own. T her e w e l i v e l i fe to th e fu l l e s t l x e asure, wi th out all t his r u s h a n d s c ra mb l e a n d m o d e r n i azz a n d t er r if ic des ir e f o r a mtl s e me n t." I D IT A L L IV IN G Ag ana, t he m ain to w n , h e re l a te s , i s a re g u l a r ten o 'cl o c k t own, and h e s a y s th e i s l a n d i s a mi ghty h a p p y plac e. " Ca p ta i n I,. S. S h a p i e y , th e naval g o ve r nor ," he c lai m s , " i s a fi n e e x e c rrti v e , h ead of th e m os t idealis t ic a u to c ra c l , i rr th e to d ay." rl d It i s r un on pr ac t ic a l , b e n e fi c i a lc o m m-.r,,o L l n i ty l i n e s, he p o i n t ed out . "H igh c os t of liv i n g l " h e a n s w e re c l " W h y , nrarr . a l i ve, t her e is no s u c h th i n g th e re . T b e l a n d i s prod u cti v e and ev er y t h i n g g ro rv s th e re . Me l o n s are a n i ckel eac h, c or n 1 0 c e n ts a d o z e n , a l l fre s h vegeta b l e s ar e c heap, c h e a p . F i s h i s th e o n l y e x p ensi ve fo o d , 15 c ent s a pou n d .), Oh Honolr r lu; c o u l d y o u b u y fi s h i n G u a m! _ H e s ay s t hel' h a v e 1 5 v a ri e ti e s o f b a n a n a s,the Il a waiian being c a l l e d O a h u . T h e t' a re l 5 c e nts a h u n chl Not r hand frrl , a b u n c h l Fres h r ipe c oc on u ts a re o n l y a p e n n y e a c h , ln,hi l e th- e - s m all bt r t v er y s w e e t p i n e a p p i e sa re o n l y 3 cents 9 ""h __A lligat or pea rs , h e s a y s , a re 2 c e n ts e a c h, the fi n e Hawaiian s eed l i n g s h a v i n g b e e n p l a n te d there. . Of c our s e im por t e d fo o d s , c a n n e d g o o c l sa n d o ther tn l n g s ar e m or e ex p e n s i v ei n p ro p o rti o n . Ho rnbos t el s ay s t h a t s w i mn i n g , fi s h i n g a n d hunti n g ar e gr eat in G u a m, th e re b e i n g m a n l ' fi n e b e ache s, p lent y of gam e fi s h , a n d h i l l s fu 1 1o f w i l d d eer. IIe c am e on t he El e n d e rs o n ,w h i c h l e ft th e i s l and p a ra dis e on S ept em b e r 2 7 , a n d i s l e a v i n g fo r home o n tl re Chaum ont w h i c h s a i l s th e 2 6 th . o f th i s month fo r M anila, r ' ia G ua m . Wh ile in Honolul u h e i s s to p p i n g w i th J o h n F. G. Sto ke s , of t he m us e rl m s ta ff, i n Ma n o a v a l l e y . Mrs. Ifo rn b os t el r em aine d o n th e i s l a n d . Gu a m , he s howed ,i s a p e c u l i a r p l a c e , b e i n g i n the wo rl d y et not of th e w o rl d ; i s o l a te d , y e t i n dai l y co mmunic at ion by c a b l e a n d ra d i o , fro m w hi ch

sources i s i ssued a dai l y memi ographednewspaper . The R ecorder i s a 3O-page nagazi ne published monthl y. The i sl and has moti on pi ctures, a few hundr ed autos, no radi os, no trol l eys. and nuch qui e t , wit h soci al l i fe among the offi cersand thei r rvi ves. N earl y everyone i n Guam i s marri ed, onl l wr dded offi cersbei ng sta.ti onedtbere. Many di sci rarged ar , d reti red serrri cenren have settl ed dow n there f or t he rest of thei r days. The i sl and i s ri ch i n archeol ogi caland anci ent 1or e, some of the o1d monuments havi ng been foun d hundreds of years ago, then i n rui ns, i ndi cati ng an aLcri gi nal popui ati on dati ng back to the earl y d ays before records of sai l i ng expl orati ons $ere kept. A gana i s not j ust a w i l d grass hcuse tow n, but a cl ean and effi ci entl i ttl e pl ace, w j th ni ce stores, plain streetsand vari ous attracti ons for spi ri trral as \ , \e1l as physi cal fl eeds. There i s a N l asonj c l odge and an E l ks cl ub, an offi cers cl ub, Y oung Men' s League, B apti st mi ssi on, N aval P rotestarrtservi ces,and Roman C athol i c churches,i ce pl ant, postoffi ce,\.eat hâ&#x201A;Źr bureau, cabl e and radi o communi cati on, s hips t o Mani i a, transports to H onol ul u and the cca - st and , j ust about everythi ng for happi ness and prosper it y i ncl udi ng a w el l payi rrg bank. Perhaps a few verses from a poem in T.he Recorder, by Trudi s A l eman, ni l l do more to reflect t he U topi an spi ri t of Guam than a col urnn of feebl e pr cse. It i s cal l ed " B ut S ti 1l W e' re S ati sfi ed:" W e have no P oodl e D og cafes, N o j azzbandsspoi l the ni ght. The' ci rcns never comesto tow n, B ut sti 11w e' re sati -cfi ed. . W e do not n' ear toi l ed shi rts out here. A sport shi rt i s j ust ri ght, W e have no yel l orv sheetsto read, B ut sti l l w e' i e sati sfi ed. Tl ren fol l ow l i nes about Guami tes havi ng no zer o rveather, sl ush on rvhi ch to sl i de, l amorrs hands t o shake, s)' mphoni es,fashi on sho$--s, hothcuse b er r ies, trol l ey cars,zoos,shei ksand pai nted fl appers,no t ot v1i ght, no burgl ars, radi os, crow ded streets,so ap box orators, book agenl s and cafeteri asand a l ot o f ot her thi ngs i ncl udi ng bi l l boards w hi ch i mpede the view, and near the encli s a good Y erse: W e have no hot dog stands cut here. Fi do w on' t l ose hi s bi de; \Ire never seea touri st here, B ut sti ' 11 nve' resati sfi ed. W hen does the next boat l eave for C )uam? There ai n' t no si ch ani rnal -Guam' s ofi the t our ist l i ne-thank heaven there' s some pi ace u' he r e t he grass i sn' t al l trampl ed. No wonder they're satisfied.-llrnoh:lu Bull,-tin.


I'EBRUARY 1927

THE GUAMRECORDER

309

F{TRES ^":-g-flERHS _AND GET THE GENUINE

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Neverwas a childyet that didn't like Hires.And the bestpart of it is that Hiresis good for â&#x201A;Źhern--made up of health-creatingroots, barks and berries and sanitarilyprepared. Buy it by the scientificatrly case.

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THE GUAM RECORDEB

310

B'9.'9.'9..'.8'"&"4y..8"9.'8.'&.W'8,'8.'9."8*.8'.8'.8'6 ki : r r a r r nnnc c

THEGUAMPREss

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GOODPRINTING Opposite - r r - - - -- Officers' elub

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Your attention is invited to our shipment, from Japan, of Beads, Toys, Cigarette Cases,etc,

Prices Reducedin all Departments.

FEBRUARV 1927

MEMOIRS OFDONFELIPE DELACORTE'S F

$

ELEVEN YEARS AS GOVERNOR OF GUAM 1855--1866

C

( Coninucd fram page 299)

E

for the Missionary, which unfortunately has norv s t o o d v a c a n t f o u r y e a r s - p r e s u m a b l y b y o v e r -si g h t and a chapel, or church, of mamposteria.

fl fl

H Fi

R O a C s . - T h e r e b e i n g n o m o r e r h a t t h e o n e to w n , t h e r e a r e n o r o a d s - n o t h i n g b u t t h e t r a i l s r e q u i r e ti t o g o t o t h e i n o u n t a i n s a r : d t o t h e r a n c h e s a n d fi e l d s. Animals.-Tnere tame animals.

a r e o n t h e i s l a n d b o t h w i l d a n cl

Cattle.-The only large qr.radrupedsare wild cattle w ho l i ve i n the roughest ki nd of country and although the nati vesadmi t that thel ' coul d capt ur e and dornesti catethem rvi th very smal i efforl .,no o ne does so, partl y for i ack of the necâ&#x201A;Źssaryi mpl ernent s, and partl y for l ack of rhe necessaryi ntei i i gence. S w i ne.-Many rvi l d pi gs of as pocr or eve n wor se qual i ti ' than those of Ti ni an l i ve i n the hi 1l s; a1. so a number of tame ones are rai sed rvhi ch have benef it ed from bei ng crossbredw i th forei gn strai ns. There are al so a ferv goats, but nt-rother kinds of useful ani mal s. B i rds.-The nati ves rai se chi ckens and ducks and, as i n Guam, there are a few doves ancl othe r bir cls but none o{ them are pl enti ful , n' i th the except ion of the l arge frui t-eati ng bats or fani j i s w hi ch are f ound i n great nurnberseveryw here throughcut the Ar chipel ago. A good marry sea bi rds make thei r honi e on t he isl and of N {anagaj a;of these the C arol i nos eat all t hey catch. H armfulC reatures.-The same i guanas, l i zar ds and centi pedes are seen here as i n the other i sl ands, but nothi ng e1se,nor are there so many fl i es as i n Tinian; i n exchange, S ai pan has more nosqui toes. Fi sh.-Ttre C arol i nos catch nrany fi sh on the r eef s, and numbers of turtl es come ashore to l ay the ir eggs; the nati ves are very fond of eati ng the turtl es, r oast i ng them w hol e i n a pi t; thel ' spread a l ayer cf sand over the turtl e and bui l d thei r fi re on top o f t hat . W hen the turti e i s roastedthey cut np and eat er er J'thi ng the she1lcontai ns except the bones. The t ur tl e she11shave no commerci al va1ue. N {any sh: r r lis, a1so, conre i n thror-rghthe breaks i n the re ef and si vi m about among the nati ves w ho say the shar ks w i l l not hurt them as l ong as they rvear th eir hair 1ong. N avi gati on.-In thi s i sl and the nati ves keep up t he custom of constructi ng sai l i ng canoesl i ke tho se u. qeci i n the C arol i neIsl ands and i n thesethey sai l to G uam and the i ntermedi ate i sl ands w hi l e the good weat her l asts, that i s, from February to A ugust. These lar ge craft, as nrel l as the sma1ldr:gouts used for f ishing, al l have tri angul ar sai l s of matti ng rai sed on a nt ast i n the nri ddl e of the boat. v:hi ch carri es a couut er -


THI] GUAM RECORDI]R

FEtsRUARY 1927

w eight on on e sid e t o balanc e t he pull of t he s a i l . ' fhis c ou nte rweig ht or "out r igger l' is m ade of w o o d w hich flo ats b ut w hic h is heav y enough t o w e i g h rvhen o ut of ihe wa t er t wo or t hr ee hundr e d pou n d s ; it is suspended o.,'er the side by cross priecesat a distance of te n o r twe lv e f eet f r om t he c ent er of t h e boat . Whe n sa iling t hey pu1l in t he s heet unt il t h e is r ais ed f r ont t he q 'a t e r outrigge r ca lled ''fuc ha" and whe n the y wish t o c om e about t hey c hange e n c l s (blot e: Both sten r and s t er n of t hes e boat s ar e b u i l t the s:'rme). Th e hull m eas ur es about t nent y - fo u r feet in leu gth with a f our f oot beam lv hic h t lar r o w s to t hre e fee t a t th e r v at er 1ine. I t s t wo s ides ar e b u i l t unsymrn etrical, the s ide away ' f r om t he c ou n t e r rveight or o utrig ge r I t av ing t he gr eat er c ur v at t tr e i u order to give th e ca 1loe a t endenc y t o luf f ( Not e: T h e tnrnuscript co ntin ue s r v it h an unint elligible ph r a s e , As long "can cuyttsindustrias cinen fiasta seiscuartas"). as t he y can carr)'a s t if f s ail, t hes e c r af t s ail v e r y w ell irr a smoo th se a aud a good br eez e, but ir . rr o u g h O v er t he s id e o p w eat her the y are u nm anageable. posit e the lucha th ey r ig a r af t or plat f or m , abou t s i x feet sq ua re, su pp orted out of t he r v at er on t wo c r o s s pieces wh ich , resting on a gunwale of t he c anoe a s a fulcrun r, are he ld w it hin t o t he out r igger s ide u n d e r a heavy clea t. Th is out hanging plat f or m s et v e s a s cabin an d ca rgo spac e and is f as t ened t o t he s hi p b v nct hing bu t the two c r os s piec es des c r ibed abov e a n d by a rop e mad e frrst t o t he gunr v ale. W heu t he c a n o e upset s , a ha pp en ing of f r equent oc c llr r enc er t he r a f t float s free an d th us pr es er v es bot h pas s et r ger s a n d caigo. S inc e the sa iling of t hes e boat s depends on m a i n bet ween t he weight o f t l r e taining an e qu ilibr ium outrigge r an d th e pnll of t he s ail it is a v er y e a s y mat t er for o ne o i th es e t wo f or c es t o get t he bet t e r o f If the c ount er l' v eight ov er balanc es , t h e the oth er. outrigge r tou ch es th e wat er , whic h m ak es t he c a n o e I f , on t he o t h e r 1ufi sh arp ly, an d r ef u. s e t o s ail. hand, th e pu ll o f th e s ail is t oo s t r ong, t l. r e boat t i p s over on tha t side , wher eupon t he c r os s piec es s p r i n g from u nd er the ir c leat , and t he r af t f loat s f r ee w i t h the carg o a nd p asse nger s , but s t ill t ied t o t he ca n o e Wh ile t he c anoe is being r ight ed , a l l by it s ro pe . the cre w srvim ab ou t gat her ing t oget her and l. r o l d i r r g on t o the va riou s objec t s f loat ing dis per s ed c n t h e w aves , an d th e pa tron or c ox s wain under t ak es a l o n e

the task of ri ghti ng the canoe, that bei ng consider ed Fi rst he passesa stay, one end of hi s speci alj ob. w hi ch i s fastenedto the mast ti p, over the upt ur ned keel and then, cl i rnbi ng up on the outri gger , he stri ves to push i t dow n i n the w ater, at the sam e ti rne pul l i ng the rope torvard hi rrr unti l rvi th the help of hi s pul l s on the stay the outri gger sn' i ngs under and the mast sl vi ngs up to i ts norrnal posi ti on; lvhen thi s i s accompl i sh.edthe crew hasten to bai l out t he canoe and to restore everythi ng to i ts proper p1ace. \\' l rerr the rvater i s too rough or the l ' i nci bl or t s t oo strongl r' to al i or' v them to ri ght the cai l oe, th el' 1smai n sw i mmi ng around i t or cl i ngi ng to i t as i t f loat s upsi de dol n, w hi l e del i catepeopl e or those unaccustomed to w i thstand the shock of the $' avesbr eaking orrer the keel and the exposure to the gal e, d ive insi de the i rrverted hul l , w l -rere they can seat t hem sel ves on the undersi de of the thu,' artsor crosspieces w i th thei r heacl si n the hol l orv of the keel ; in t his manner they are shel teredurrti l the w eather m oder ates; and suffer nothi ng more than a protracted im mersi on becanse,al though at ti nres as the boa t r ccks the w ater may surge breast-hi gh i nsi < l ei t ner-er ccm pl etel y fi i l s the i nteri or and si nce these cra{t at e alw ays l eaky they al 1ow pl enty of ai r to ci rculat e through the cracks so that the i mpri soned pas senger s are i n no danger of asphyxi ati on. I knew one t nan rvho spent ei ght hours at a stretch i n thi s fash ion. A nother si ngul ar thi ng about these canoesis t hat thei r pl anks are sen/n together w i th strings of " bonote" or coi r fi ber, (made fronr outer husk of t he coconut) trvi sted i nto l i nes about a si xth of a n inch i n cl i anreter,w hi ch pass through hol es dri i l ed along the edge of the pl anks. Thi s method of const r uct ion gi ves the boats a certai n fl exi bi l i ty ' w hi ch he lps in sai l i ng them but o{ course the,v l eak freely and, moreover, i t i s necessaryto renew these sutur es in l ess tharr a year' s ti me; suffi ci ent râ&#x201A;Źasons rvb y such canoes, al tbough most i ngeni ousl y constructe d, can serve no other purposes than those of peop le who count ti me as nothi ng and w ho do not fi nd i t EecesE xcept fo r som e sary to carry nuch rn' i th them. fi shi ng canoes, the enti re number of sessel sin t his

LESSONS MUSIC

A Perfect Fit Piano

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Pazos Street

-

311

Aeana

Harmony lnstrumentaiion andVocal Training By HenryA. Nagle-Agana


3L2

THE GUAM RECORDER

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a. KURoKAwA

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We Announcethe Openingof a New Shopin Sumay

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T ^+ r . ' I ^ o^. ,,ot No. 247

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We specialize in tr \S Navy and Marine Corps, ffi\ N Uniforms ffi Fft> (Ar rro^-^. and Fe ,ty x \

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civiriansuits

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Customers

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General Repair Shops ESTABI,ISHED 1910

>K Carpentry- Joiners and Wood-turning. Guam Fancy Wood-work of all classes. Furniture Manufactured and Repaired.

'

>â&#x201A;Ź Ceneral Garage

We take 'em down and make 'em run again.

tsatteries Rebuilt and Charged Manufacturers of Auto, Truck and Jitney bodies.

>â&#x201A;Ź Tubes Vulcanized Machine Shop - Blacksmirhing. Plumbing and Sheet-metal work. When you want things done T e le p h o n e - 8 9

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Ail work guarateed

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FEBRLTARY 1927

transportati on servi ce of S ai pan consi sts of f our publ i c boats and three pri vatel y ow ned. Industryand C ommerce.-Onthei r vari ous t r ips t o A gana, the C arol i nos carry, i n addi ti on to th e jer ked meat from Ti ni an, a few pi gs and a l i ttl e hom e- gr own tobacco, as w ei l as a very ferv l engths of coir r ope, made fronr the husks of green coconuts. Ropemaki ng i s thei r onl y i ndustry, and yet some of t he w ol nen know horv to w eave fi ne l i ght rnats out of pl antai n fi ber i n tw o di fi erent patterns, on e br oad, the other narrow . ' fhese are used as cl othing by men and l vomen; the men use the narfcw Jr iecesas breech cl outs, w i ndi ng them once around the waist and passi ng one end betrveen the l egs, w hile t he w omen w ear the broad ones draped around t hen- r from a l i ttl e above the w ai st l i ne to the calf of t t r e l eg, l eavi ng the rest of the body bare. Il o wever , hardl y anvone i n S ai pan mantrfacturesthe se m at s, becausei t i s easi erto obtai n thern froru boa t s which bri ng them annual l y fronr the C arol i ne Islands t o exchangefor machetesand other harcl pare,cr ccker y, bottl es, and si mi l ar obj ects. Thi s traffi c, t oget her rvi th the pi gs and tobacco ni enti oned abor. 'e,m akes up the w hol e forei gn trade of S ai pan. corn arrd cam ct es, The i sl and al so suppl i es u.oo11, pl antai ns,pi gs, poul try and stndri es to w bai i n g ships that pay for them i n l i quor, hardw are and dry goods w hi ch the nati ves use i n consi derabl equantit y. A1ready most of the men on the i sl and possessshir t s, trousers and hats w hi l e many w omen ow n skir t s, cbemi ses and kerchi efs al though ordi nari l y t hey*go u ncl othed.

andRemarkable Phenomena Occurrences.-Earthquakes a n d h u r r i c a n e s d e v a s t a t e S a i p a a j u s t l i k e G ua n :. Wo r t h y o f n o t i c e i s t h e d e e p e x t i n c t c r a t e r o n to p o f N I o u n t T a c p o c h a o ; i n t h e n o r t h e r n e n d o f th e i st a n d i s a n o t h e r m n c h s m a l l e r p i t o f t h e s a m e d e scr i p tion. N e a r F i n a s i s u , i n t h e f o o t h i l l s s o u t h o f t h e ce n tr a l r i d g e , l i e s a l a r g e l a k e o f c l e a r g o o d w a t e r , ca l l e d ( N o te : "Malie", after a chieftain of the o1d days. I t m u s t b e a bo u t tw o Now known as "Susupi"). m i l e s a c r o s s i n o n e d i r e c t i o n b y a m i l e t h e o t h e r w a y, a n d c e r t a r n p a r t s o f i t a r e s a i d t o b e b o t t c m l e ss. B e t r v e e n T a n a p a c a n d G a r a p a n i s a n o t h er sm a l l l a k e o f s a l t w a t e r c a l l e d N {u c h u t .

are severalcaves andSuperstitiOflS.-There Monuments on the i sl and, i n one of u' hi ch I found thi rtee n skulls l eft there from the ti me w hen such obj ects wer e wor shi pped by the pri mi ti ve i nhabi tants. The nat ives sti l l regard them w i th such supersti ti ousfea r t hat no one w i l l go near the cave. S ome nati ves report that they have seenuild r uen i n the hi l l s, supposed to be the unconquer edr enlnants of the abori gi nes, but no credi t should be at of t hese tached to thei r statement,for the appearar.lce " Taotaomona" i s a1w a1' sdescri bed as so m et hing supernatural . The ghost of Mal i e' s daughter, di sti ngu ished bv her exceedi ngl y l ong hai r, i s sai d to have b een seen


ITEBRUARV 1927

313

THE GUAM RECORDF]R

b a i h i n g in t he lak e n a me d a fte r h e r fa th e r. tse l ief in s uc h t hi n g s i s s o d e e p l y ro o te d i n thei r mi n d s t bat no nat iv e d a re s s ta y o u t i n th e c o u ntry o ve rn ight . Th e r e is , howev er, n o t th e l e a s t fo trn d a ti o n for bel i e vi n g in t he ac t ua l e x i s te n c e o f a n y h u m a n b ei ngs i n th e int er ior of t he i s l a n d .

GAILY'S GARAGE TELEPHONES A G A N A , r o 5 - R . P I T I , 4 E - 2 . R E S I D E N C E , 7 z - Y.

F{4

I 1F . s t or l' of a s to l e n tre a s u re s h i p s c uttl ed H r v it h all on bo a rd , a n d th e tre a s u re b u ri ed on JL t he I s land. of Pa g a n , w i l l b e re l a te d i n the d e scr ipt ion of nor t h e rn i s l a n d s o f th e l \i a ri a n asarch i p elago in t he X ' Ia rc hi s s u e o f th e R e c c rd e r.

THE\ft'ORLD AROUND THEVOYAGE ESQ. ANS0N, BYGE0RGE ( Cantinuedfrant Pase297) d re a ding t hat it r va s th e l a s t l a n d w e s h o u l d ever fi x o u r ey es on. B ut th e n e x t mo rn i rl g l v e d i s c o vered th l e e ot her is land s t,o th e Ea s tw a rd , w h i c h w ere b e tween t en and f o u rtc e n i e a g u e s d i s ta n t fro tn us. Th e se wer e, as we a fte rw a rd s l c a rn e d , th e i s i a n cl sof Srl ypan, T ir r ian, an d A g u i g a n . We i m m e d i atel y ste e red t oiv ar d T in i a n , w h i c h w s ,s th e mi c l d l emost o f th e t hr ee, but w e b a d s o m u c h o f c a i ms , that th o u g h we wer e ir e i p e d fo rw a rc l b y th e c u rre n ts, I' et o n the r nor r ow, at d a y -b re a k , rv e h a d n o t a d v a nced ne?t,rerthan within five leagues of it. Ifowever, we kcp'u on our corirse, and about ten o'clocl<\ve perce i vec la, pr oa unde r s a i l to th e s o u th w a rd b e t,w een Ti n i a n anr l A guiga n . A s w e i m a g i n e d fro m hence th a t t hes c is lands w e re i n h a b i te d a n c l k n e rv th at the Sp a n iar ds hac l alwa y s a fo rc e a t Gu a m, w c to o k the n e ce s s ar ypr ec aulio n s fo r o n r o w n s e c u ri ty ; and e n cl e ev or edt o pr er n e n tth e e n e n l ' a s rn u c h a s p ossi b l e f r om m ak ing n n a c l v a n ta g e o f o ttr p l e sent i vre l ched c ir c um s t a n c € s , o f rv h i c h u ' e fc a re d t,hey wo u l d be s uf f ic ic nt l v i n fo rme c lb v th e m e n n e r o f our wo rk ing t he s hip. . W e s h e r,v c d Sp a n i s h c o l o u rs, nnd sta n d ing t owar d t h e l a n d , w e w e rc n e a r e n o u gh, at th re e in t he af t er n o o n , to s e n d tl l e c u tte r i n shore, to fi nd out a pr ope rb e rth fo r th e s h i p ; a n d w e soon p e rceiv ed t hat a p ro a p u t o ff fro m th e i s l a nd to meet the cutter, fully persuar,led,as wc afterrvard fo u n d , t hat we wer e th e M a n i l l a S h i p . A -qw e saw th e c ut t er r et ur nin g w i th th e p ro a i n to w , w e i nsta n tly s ent t hc pin n a c e to re c e i v e th e p ro a a n d the p ri soner s ,and t o b ri n g th e m o n b o a rd th a t th e crrtte r might pr oc eedo n h e r e rra n d , T h e p i n n a c e came b a ck wit h a S pania rd a n d fo u r In d i a n s , w h i c h w ere th e people t ak en i n th e p l o a ; a n c l th e S p a ni ard b e i n g im r nediat ely e x a m i n c d a s to th e p ro d u c e and ci rcum s t anc esof t h i s i s l a n c l o f T i n i a n , h i s a c c ount o f i t s ur pas s edev e n o u r m o s t s a n g u i n e h o p e s . For h e i n f or m ed ns , t h a t th o u g h i t r,v a su n i n h a b i ted, (w h i c h in it s elf , c o n s i d e ri n g o u r p re s e n t d e fe ncel ess co n d it ion, was a c o n v e n i e n c e n o t to b e d e s p i secl ) ye b i t want ed but fe w o f th e a e c o mmo d a ti o n s that co u l d bc ex pec t edi n th e m o s t e rrl ti v a te d c o u ntry; a n d t hat f r om t he q u a n ti ty a n d g o o c l n e s so f the

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TELEPHOI\E 116 CleanCars anclSafe Drivers HARRY CHANCEPronrietor


314

THA GUAM RECORDER

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1 I

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J o s e E W.Tornes

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F'EBRUARY 1927

provi si ons produced here, the S pani arcl sat G uam made use of i t as a store for suppi yi ng the gar r . ison. " Thi s rcl ati on w as recei ved by us w i th un expr essi bl e j oy; part of i t w e w cre oursel vesabl e to ver if y on the $po{t,as rile werc by this time ncar enougb t-o cl i scoverseversl nri mcl oui herds of cattl c fee ciiig in < j i fi ' el e-nt cf thc i sl and; and rvc ci i d nr , t iny -pl acc-o _w ay ctoubt the resi of hi s i i arrat,i on,bri t.si nce t hl al )peal ' :i ri de of tl re cl i ol c prej ucl i ccdr:s gr.catly in it s i l l vrrut.

F--_/tB)

Wholesale andRetail

Merchant

*tr huporter and

ExBorter

" ' l he S pani sh sergetri t, from rvhorn w e re ceived . N he account of the i sl and, havi ng i ufcrmed u s t hat thcre w ere sorne Inrl i & r,s on shol e uncl er hi s conirrrnrl , ernpi ovetli rr j erki ng L;eef,ancl th:rt ther e v, , as a b:rl k ut anchor tc ttke i t on boercl , w e r ver e de-qi ro.us, i f possi bl e, to prcvent tbe Ini l i ans f r om escapi i :g,si ncc they r,r' ori l i ccrtai l i i i 3rhavi , gi vcn t he governcr of Guam i ntel l i gence of our arri val . We thni r' f,i l o i rnrri l r.i i l tnl y rl i sl rel cht,d l l rc oi nnac, - ,t o sccui ' cl hc b:rl k, l l s thc sol gcant tol rl us tl rat rvast he onl y ertrbri l kgti on on the- pl accl anrl thcn, a. bout ei ght i n tl i c eveni ng, w e l ct go ol tr anch or in tvrenl 3r-tw o fl rthom.o. B ut thoug6 i t rvas c;rl nr, uri el rvhatcvcr vi gorrr' anrl -spi ri t rvl ts'lm t o ost be found on l --oardrvas dorrbtl r' ;sexcri crl to l he u t m ost on ti re pl easi ng occn.s_i on, $' l l en, a.ftcr hnvi ng kept i he scn,fcl sonrc months, w e $reregoi ng to tal ie possessi oncf thi s l i ttl e par.arl i se;yct \r' e w cre .ott,"wlhat n'e:lkenccl b-r' the crews of the cutter ar:cl pinnace r.l thi chr,veresent on shore; bi l t i ti s not l ess truo , t hat . ecnsi i l eri ag those absent w i th the borrtsand som e l i egro and Indi an pri soners,ai l the hands w e coulcl mnstcr.capal l l c of -ctrnci i ngnt,ft gun i rrnounteclt , o no m,-1reti l rn sevent;' -s;np,rnost of v;hi ch too wt r e i rrcr l l ebl c of drrtv, except.on bl i cgrer ter en-l eiqe neios. (To hecontinued an Marc/t issue)

lylarines Ready to Embark forChina

+* Agent for

Michelin TireCo.

On Monday eveni ng, January 10th. ordersw er e r ecei ' " ' edfrom W ashi rrgton to have a Mai i ne Det achruent of three hunC red men frour' thi s stati on. r eadv to embark ou board the U . S . S . H uron upcn shoijt ncti ce. The H uron r,vascoal i ng at thi s port b ef or e proceei l i ngon the homew artl bouncl\' oyage to puget Sound Navl' Yarc1,and these orders were received.as a di sapoi ntrnentto i nany of tbe 800 offi cers an cl m en on board. Ttre maj ori ty of them har,' ebeen on t he A gi ati c ai rcl C hi na S tati cns for several years and w ere l i vi ng i n gi eat expectati onsof sool ar r ivir r g i n the homel and agai n. The S tati on S hi p, U . S . S . Gcl d S tar, l eft G uan earl y i n D ecember w i th a detacbment of I{ar ines bound for P eki ng. fater orders from the N avy D epartment delayecl the movement of the Mari nes from Guam unt il t he arri val of the U . S . S . Gol d S tar, n' l ,i ch vessellvill take thern to C avi te, P . I., fcr possi bl e service in C hi na. The Mari nes from thi s S ta-ti on,w i l l l eave es a self contai ned uni t, ful i y equi pped for i nfantry, art iller y and rnrchi ne-gun servi ce.


THE GUAM RECORDER

I.'EBRUARY 1927

M ODE RN CHINE S HIS E TORY Andthe Rise of theChinese Republic ( Cantinued Ji"om page 295) abilit5' un til Ch ian g Kai. s hek s eiz ed c ont r ol. C h i a n g had con sid era ble m ilit ar ] ' t r aining in J apan a n d h e w as Sup erin ten de nt of t he W ham poa M ilit ar y A c a d enly a cro ss the riv er f r om Cant on, I n his ar m y w e r e a I arge uu mbe r of Rus s ians . In Sep tern be r,1926 he began oper at ions by l e a d i U g his tro cp s no rthwa r d a t hous and m iles ac r os s m o u l l tain pa sses, by d ef eat ing W u and by m ak ing h i m s e i f virt ually lna ste r of half of China. His v i c t o r i e s place d h im in c( ) nt r o1 of t he v alley of t he Ya n g t z e . I{ e p roclaime d ant i- f or eignis nr as his polic y a n d b i s slo3a n "Ch ina for t he Lihines e" br ought r n a n ] . r o his stan da rd wh o bef or e had eit her been par s i r - e o r w ho h ad be en act ual enem ies . The s pir it of n a t i o n alistrr rva s e ve rywh er e in er - idenc e. Rive r to lvn s lv er e at t ac k ed and bur ned a n d f o r eigners tve re ma de t o r ealiz e t hat t hey we r e n o t r' va nte d in Ch ina . Nlany Englis h, Am er ic a n a n d F re nch citize ns - m is s ionar ies pr inc ipally - b e g a n a irurrie d exod us to t he s eaoor t t owns . The a n t i f oreign se ntin ren t r v hic h f oim er ly r v as air uec 1m o s t l y at th e British , s oon em br ac ed all nat ion a l i t i e s . A m e rica n, Fre nc h and J apanes e boat s wer e f i r â&#x201A;Ź d upo n an cl a ttacke c l as r v el1 as t hos e of G r eat B r i t a i n and se ve ral Britis h of f ic er s and m en r v er e k i i l e d , thou gh th ere we r e no c as ualt ies am ong t he A n r e r i cans. At th is time the s it uat ion has gr own s o ac u t e t h a t these fo ur na tion s ar e eit her s ending s hips and t r o o p s to Cirina o r else pr epar ing f or ev ent ualit ies . The conditio ns in Ch ina ar e br ought c iir ec t ly hom e t o t h e Mar in es sta tion ed her e, as lv ell as t he people o f t h e Island , b y mo st o f t he "dev il dogs , , being or c l e r e d t o C avite o n th e Go ld St ar s o t hat t hey m ay be n e a r e r to the sce ne s of ac t ion in c as e t hey s hould be n e e d e d . T ire p resen t ind ica t ions lead one t o believ e t h a t t h e B oxer tro ub le in 1900 r na5r be r epeat ed but r v i t h t h e troub le in cre ased r uanv f old.

,

THEMA ILB A G

Rec ent let t er s fro m th e S ta te s i n fo rm u s that our fo rm er E dit or of th e R e c o rd e r, I,i e u t.-C o mdr. p. J. Se ar les ,( Ct r C) , U .S.N ., n o w s ta ti o n e da t th e B oston Na v y Y ar d, has h a d mo re th a n h i s s h a re o f i l l ness si n c e leav ing G u a m. F i rs t a n a tta c k o f F l u. then a slight s inus ope ra ti o n , n e x t, to n ,.i l s re m o v ecl, anrl th e n an oper at ionfo r a p p e n d i c i ti s . H i s ma n y fri ends i n G uam will. be g ri e rre dto i e a rn th a t th e re moval of th e Lieut enant - C o m m a n d e r' s to n s i l s h a s ru i ned hi s si n g ing, but , as no s e ri o u s re s u i ts fro m th e l a s t opera ti on hav e been r e p o rte d , i t i s h o p e d th a t l o ng ere th i s he has r et ur n e d to h e a l th a n d d u ty . Chief Dav is , f o rme rl y o f p i ti , w ri te s fro m S an Di e go, Cal, , and sta te sth a t h e n ' o u 1 dl i k e to b e back i n G uam . He ha s re q u e s te dto re tu rn , b u t th i s w as n o t appr or . ' ed,pr o b a b l y o n a c c o u n t o f th e s h o rt ti me h e has t o s er v d on th i s e n l i s tm e n t. D a v i s h a d charqe o f the c ons ir uc t io n o f th e s te e l d re d g e w h i c h beai s

315

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31,6

THE GUAM RECORDER

Have You Seen Our l{ew Shiprnentof DressGoods? Recentlyarrived on the

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Aiso Drills, Khaki, and a full assortmentof Calicos' *

Ivory Cigarand CigaretteHolders >F

AII goodssoldat reducedprlces K. SAWADA Santa Cruz, Agana O p p o site M e so n ic Ha l1 .

F E B R U A RV 1 9 2 7

hi s name, " I{ . B . D avi s" . N {ai 1w i l l be forwar ded to hi m from hi s home address,B ethel , Mai ne . Our l ocal readers w i l l be i nterested to kno w t he w hereaboutsof a few of those w ho have spent som e ti me w i th us and have passed al ong to duti e s ner '. P aymaster S chaaf i s assi stant to C aptai n Rcweu, Fi rst C orps A rea C oordi nator, stati onedat the Ar ny B ase, B oston, P aymasterW hi te, ourformer Banker , i s now on hi s secondyear of the E l arvard C ou r se in B $si nessA dmi ni strati on. I)octor B auman i s at t he N aval H ospi tal , C hei sea,Mass. D octor I,yon s is on the Fl ori da. D octor Tayl or has resi gnedfrom t he S ervi ce. C aptai n J.E . D avi s, U .S .M.C ., i ssti ll n, it h A vi ati on, and i s stati oned at Quanti co, V a. Capt ain A ugus W i l son, U . S . I' I . C ., has reti red. ft is also reported that C aptai n R . E . W i 11i ams,U . S . I vI . C. , has reti red.

KNOCK WITHOUT MALICE In our torvns and vi l l ages, w hi ch have to be inhabi ted by chi l dren as w el l as aduj ts, r,r-ear e distressedal most every day by acci dentsand near accidents occurri ng to chi l dren frcru w al ki ng ard playi ng i n the streets. A cci dents are not al w ays C ue to the carel e-.sne ss of automobi l edri vers, but si mpl y to the faci that '; nder the present condi ti ons the street i s a fatal r,lacef or the chi l d to w ai k or pl ay. W hat i s to be done about i t, other than to pr ovide si dew al ks for them to w al k upon, i nstead of co m pell i ng them to use the roadrvay at the rj sk of t heir l i ves, and to provi de adequate pl ay-grounds f or a1l the chi l dren. A n attempt shoul d be made to amel i orate conditi ons by bri ngi ng about the i ntroducti on of a saf et y course for chi l dren i nto the ctrrri cul um of our public and pri vate school s. P erhaps w e sl ' ra1li n ti t:e ccm e to real i ze that the open street i n our tou' ns ar d vill ages, i s a more dangerous pl ace than tl i e ri ght of rva.yof a busy rai l road i n the U . S , and then we shal l al l of us, young and ol d, l earn to stop, l ock and l i sten before w e attempt to crossi t. It rvoul d hel p i f l i censes rvere refused to dr iver s u' ho have a questi onabl erecord for i nfl i cti rg pâ&#x201A;Źr scna1i nj ury, and to habi tual l y reckl ess,carel essar - r dun. ski l l ful dri rrers,and al soi f l egi sl ati on u.erecons ider ed establ i shi ngccmpul sory publ i c l i abi l i ty for mot or ist s on the outl i nes of si mi l ar l aw s i n l \4assachuset tand s other states.

SENTENCE SERM0ll

Texn Youn illnnrcnqn If you start a sl ander, be ready to meet i t w hen it r eturns. f,rl l grou' n. If your boy fol l orvsyotl r exampl e, dontt bl ame him i{ he gets i nbo troubl e. If you are breaki ng the speedl i mi t, don' t bl ame t he cop for cal l i ng you. If you decei veyour customer don' t bl anre the h e) p i{ they decei veyou. If you tri ecl to put sometni ng oyer, cl ontt bl am e t , he edi tor for publ i -rhi ngi t. If you are w rong, dontt bl ame the preacheri f rh e ser mon soundsnersonal .


THE GUAM RECORDER

F'EBRUARY 1927

SOCIAL DOINGS IN GUAM /^ ( Cantinued page i1'om

305)

Be if y T ay lor , B o b T a y l o r, L i e u t. a n d N[rs. A]fred Do u c et r r , r ' rM d is s L o u i s e D o u c e t. T he hom e of L i e u t. a n d M rs . L a rn a l L e e w as the sceneof t wo dinne r p a rti e s I' e c e r)tl y . ' f b e i r g r-tests on Ja nuar y 27t h. r v e reL i e u t. a n c l l Irs .P A D e c k e r, C apt. a n d } lr s . I f ar r y Pa u t, C h i e f R a d i o E l e c tri ci an and |.{r s R J . S wint , N l a ri n eGu n n e r a n d N Irs E m ory T. Oza baland Nlac h i n i s ta n d Mrs . H a rry E. Mi l l a rd. Lieui, S age, M rs . R ru c e R . \\' a re , L i e u t. C ooms, !!rs . J C T ay lor , a n d Ma ri n e Gu n n e r a n c l N Irs E mory T. O z abalwer e gu e s tso f th e L e e so n J a n u a ry 21st. T he s ev enbhB ir th d a y o f )Ii s s H e l e n l fa l l , d aughter o f Chaplain and i\ { re r.W i l fo rd R l l a l l , w a s c e l ebi atecl o n J anuar y 20t h w i th a n i n fo rrn a l p a rty i n th e aftern o on and m ov iesi n th e e l e n i n g . T h o s ep re s e nt * ' el e n {i -qs J ac quelineRi c h a rd s ,} ,l i s sF ra n c e sSa l z rn ar,1\l i ss l l a ry NI illar d, N{ i s sP e g g yR u p e l t, I\4 i s sJ e a n Muzi l < er, l l i ss J une G r igs by , M i -q sn { a r' .yB o n d . Mi s s Al i ce I{ een e r . M is s Dor ot h;" D u rh a rn , Ma s te r T h o ma s D urhanr, a n d t he llis s es A l i c e a n d Ma rv H a l l . Lieut . a, nd[ I r s . n ' . D . W a l k e r w e re h o s t a n d hostess a .tthr ee Dinner P a rl i e s i n J a n u a ry . l ' h e fi rst affri r n 'a sgiv en on J anua ry 4 th . fo r L i e u t. P.J . p e n n er, l \{rs. H _\ \ t B r adbur ; ' , C a p t. a n d M rs . H a rry p a u l , Li eut. a n d lf r s . W . O Hi l ta b i ,l l e , a n d Ma ri n e G u n ner ancl Mrs . E m or y T . O z a b a l . On J at r uar y 18 th , th e i l g u e s tsi n c l u ,l e c lL i e u t. ancl Mrs T hor nas A . D u rh a m, C a p t. a n d l { rs . Otto S al zma n, 1\ { r s .f ) aniel trl o rri s o n , I)r. \ra n n , N frs . H . W . Brn rlbur ' . yand , J f r. i \Ic A l i i s te r. The las t Dinner P rrrty g i v c n b y th e \4 ra l k e rsoccurre d J anuar y 29t h. T h e i r g u e s tsl ' e re C a D t. a n ci I\{r.s. J. Waller , Lieut . a n d l \Irs . T ;' l e r W Sp e a i L i e ut. rnd I{rs. N. t r . Dis br or v ,a n d L i e u t. a n d M r.q .L e o n D ancer. L i eut . and [ [ r s . T ,e o n D a n c e r e n te rtn i r.re cJlanuary 2 0 th. r v it h a Dinne r Pa rty a t th e i r h o me fo r Li eut _ Co mdr . and M r s . R . S a tte rl e e , l { rs . n ' . D . \Val ke,r, l fts I D S poone mo re ,L i e u l . a n .l i l { rs U i . O ffl l tab i d l e and M ac hinis t a n d IVl rs .H a rry E. Mi l l a rci . L i eut . and M r s \Vi i l i a m L H a rd i n g â&#x201A;Ź i a v ea ,d i nner to Capf . W illiam s o n J a n u a ry Z 4 th , a t th e i r h ome on Mi ss ii- ' nar yP oint . L i e u t. N fu rp h y o f th e H u ro n and IUrs. T . A . G r igs by w e re th e i r g u e s ts . On J anuar y 26t h , L i e u t. a n d M rs . W i l l i a m L . H arcl i n g w er e ent er t ain e d w i th d i n n e r b y C a p t. W i ll i ams a b o a r d t he Hur on. C o v e rs w e re l a i d fo r G o vernor a n d M r s . L S . S hap l e J .., L i e u t -C o md r. u n a U r.r. V .-S . Armst r ong, Lieut . a n d M rs . W. L . H a rc l i n g , C o mdr. Pe rkins . and Con m a n d e r Va n n .

317

The home of Li eut. ancl Mrs. A l fred D oucet was the scene of a D i nner P arty on January 11t h. The guestspresent tvereC aptai n A dri an R . A l fre d, Lieut . and il{rs. Lamar Lee, Mrs. Ja,mesC. .faylor, and Lieut. and iVlrs.P. A. Decker. S ai urday eveni ng, 22 January, the home of M r s. V enzi ano, l vas the scene of a del i ghtftri dan ce given i n honor of the \{' arrant, and P etty Offi cersof t t e U. S . S IIuron. A mong the l ocal resi dentsprese nt wer e: Quartel nrasterS ergeantand l { rs. E dw al ds, euar t er _ ryast51 Sergeant ancl 14rs. I)ench, NIrs. percj, Bond, C hi ef P harmaci st)sX Iateand Mrs. IIarl and, M r . aod $tl . T.' E . _[l ayhew ,A Ir. and Mrs. \4r.H . N oiley, l{iss Jul i a I!arti nez, l \Ir. and Mrs. C handl ei .,trIr. and M r s. J. Il .^Il nderrvood,and daughter,l ,Ii ss R osa Venziano, P a,1'61..L (). Il . Gutrnanl , U . S . l { . C ., ancl - M ar ine Gunner JarnesW . Latti n, U . S . M. C .

ORACLES FROM HENRY FORD Descants onService to NewyorkTimes andFinds a Worthy Traitin Congress H enry Ford i n an i nrervi ew at hi s summer hom e at S eal l {arbor, Me., prophesi ed that the counlr v is i n for 100 ]' ears of prosperi ty. Ti mes are good, he decl ares,ari d l vi l l be even better, says the N e w yor k tf i rues. ,.." The thi rrg v-e must bear i n mi nd,,, he ccnt inued, l ' i s servi ce. S ervi ce-that' s the thi ng. W e shculd gi ve servi ce. The i ndi v,i dual shoul d gi ve i t in wor k; organi zati ons shonl d gi ve servi ce. S ervi ce br ingi prosperi tl ' . ' ' X 4aki ng mone]' i sn' t i mpol tant. The i mpcr t ant thi ng i s to gi ve servi ce. Then 5' ou can,t heip m ak_ i ng rnonel ' . " The troubl e i s there are too many l i eads of or gan_ i zati ons w ho try to-screw dow n u,agesand yviing di vi dends out of the busi ness. TheS ' u' ant t o get a l ot of rnoncy cnd reti re. " l {en shoul d not reti re. I haven' t reti re d. The thi ng to do i s to keep on w orki ng. A nd a nl a n should not consi der hi s busi ness as a di vi dend pr oclucer . A ny man w ho thi nks more of di vi cl endsthan lie dces of servi ce and the w el fare of persons vr.howor k f or hi m i s a poor busi nessman. " H i s busi ness w i l i not survi ve i or_.g. It can, t . Ife may thi nk i t can, but he i s fool i rg hi mself. Such a nran hurts a busi ness. " I bel i eve i n good w ages. f pay them. It m akes prosperi ty. If you don' t pa1-good w ages you hur t yoursel f." H e thought the nati on' s system of gover nm ent w as l r' orki ng out fi ne1y. I{e consi deredi t a benef it that C ongressw as sl ol v and ponderous. S peaki ng of hi s ai rpl ane pl ans, he added: " The ai rpl ane of the future, i n my mi n d, is a combi nati on of di ri gi bl e, heavi er-than.ai r pl ane and hel i copter. W e are w orki ng tow ard that en d novr , . That gi ves you stabi l i ty and speedand the abilit y t o narri g' atemore easi l y." H e decl ared that every fami l y w as enti tl ed t o an automobi l e. " ft i sn' t extravagance," he i nsist e<1; " a fami l y needsan automobi l e."


318

THE GUAM RECORDER

FEBRUARY 1927

ORDERSAND NO TI CES NAVAL GOVERNTTF]NT OF GUANI GovnnxlroNrIfotrsp Guelr 12 Januaty, L927 ORDER 1 . A s T inangt ja c o c o n u t tre e s h a v e n o v a l u e, i i re ve ry s ubj. " c t t o bud -ro t, a n d a re th e m s e l v ed i s e ased a n d ther ef or eliable to s p re a d d i s e a s eto o tb e r h e a l thy tre e s,it is her eby orc l e re dtl ra l o i v n e rsa n d l e s s e escut rl o w n s uc h af f ec t edc o c o u u t tre e so n th e i r l a n d b efore 1 X{ar c h, 1927. T h e to p s o f th e s etre e s ,i n c l rrcl i rrg th e fo liage and por ti o n o f th e tru n k c o n ta i n i n g the p a l met t o, s hall be b u rn e d . If th e o w n e r o r l essee d e si re s t o us e t he p a i me tto , i ti s p e rn ri tte d . If not th e p a l m et , t om ' . r s tbe b u rn e d . 2 . C! ) m r r is s ione rs a n c lD e p u ty C o m m i s s i o n e rsf i ndi n g Ti nangaja c oc on u t tre e s a fte r 1 l l a rc h , 7 9 2 7 , are a u th o r iz ed and or de re rl to h a v e t,h o s etre e s c u t do$,-n a rrd the t ops , et c . , b u rn e d , a n d i f tr.e e ss o c u t are l o ca ted at pr oper dis ta n c e sfro m o n e a n o t,h e ra )tel v tre e b e plant ed in pla c e o f e y s l ' ytre e c u t c l o w rl ,a ncl to ch a rg e t he c os t of lab o r to th e o w n e r. o r ro th e l e ssee i f th e land is leas ed I,. S. S H A PL E Y Govenwon oF GuAr{ No te - T inangaja i s a d i s e a s eo f th e c o c o n u rr ,ree; th e l ear r es t , ur n y e l l o w a n d b e c o mes m a l l : a n d the tre e d oes not bear f l' u i t..

NAVAL GOVERNMENTOX' GI]Al,{ GovsnNunNrHousu LiUA}I

15 J a n u a ry ,1 9 2 7 . ORDER 1 . I { r om and af t e r 3 1 J a n u a ry , 1 9 2 7i t i s p ro hi bi te d to not c h c oc onu t tre e s rv h o s etru n k re a c h e sto a h e i g h t of les s t han 1 5 fe e t fro m th e g ro u n d to the l o we stleaf . . 2 . A ny per s on r vh o i s c a u g h t n o tc h i n g o r i s convi cL e-dof not c hing a cb c o n u ttre e w h o s etru n k re aches to a h eight of les st ha n 1 5 fe e t fro m th e E ro u n c lto t,he i o we st leaf , s hall be fi n e d th e s u m o f $ 2 .b 0 p e r tre e so n o tch ed. L. S. Sseplny Governor of Guam

NAVAL GOVERNX{ENTOX' GUAI{ GovERNMENT Houso

Gu.ru 15 January,1927 ORDER L_. Upon reconrmendation of the Guarn Congress a,nddue to the frequentlate rains, the date wheleon the secondinstailmentof tax on real estatebecomes delinquentis 1 March, 1g27insteadof l X'eb. ,1527,

2. Thi s extensi on of ti me i s onl y for thi s ye ar . 3. ' l hi s extensi on of 1 mont.h does not ap ply t o the addi ti onal penal ty of del i nquency for no n- payment of fi rst i nstal l ment due 31 Jul y, 1926. L. S. Snapr,ny Governor of Gurrm I]. S , N A V A L S TA TION GU A M CouueNoeNrts Opnrcp N OTIC E Fol l on' i ng messagerecei vedfrom the S ecretar yof t he N avy i s quot.edfor the i nforrnati on of al l concer ned: ' ' On ancl after Jul l ' 1, l g27 the el i gi bi l i ty age f or nrembershi pi n the N avy l l utual A i d A ssoci atior rwill be reducecl . S eni or Medi cal Offi cerson shore st at ion have bl anl < appl i cati onst). J. K. Rrcsenns B y di recti on

THEBANK OFGUAM ESTABLISHED 1915 S tatement of C ondi ti on - l l 1 D ecember.I92 6 RESOURCES Loans and D i scounts --- ---$84, 215. 69 C ustomersLi abi l i ty on acceptances_____-101, 10b. 79 R eal S tate, -[' urni ture and ]' i xtures ________3 , 1gg. Z0 C ash on hand____82, 941. 96 C ashi n C orrespondentB anhs___ ___78.5b9. 61 C ashi n Transi t --50.483. 87 I)eferrecl __________40. 26 353.5 46. 88 LIA tsILITIE S C api l al S tock -- -------15,0 00. 00 S urpl us ------35,00 0. 00 R eserve .-2,2 37. 20 B ui l di ng l ' und------ ----5,60 0. 00 C erl i fi cateof deposi t -- ----1,O Za. Sg R eservefor unearned di scounts 1,246. 08 R eserve{ or depreci ati on ---- -__- 1,696. 87 D eposi ts---__291, L42. 84 Corresponclents,Wells Fargo Barik .r, o. of New C o., S a.n n' ranci sco; E qui tabl e Trust C "'"l:fitrrt: Y ork, N . Y .; Internati onal B anki ng C c,rpo r at ion, Mani l a, P . I.; N ederl andscheH andel Maatschappij, S hanghai ; N ederl andsche H andel tr{aatsch appij, H ongkong; and Internati onal B anki ngC orporat ion, Y okohama, Japan. n' or the si x rnonths endi ng 31 D ecember, 192 6,t he gross earni ngs amounted to $12,089.70 of which $7031.92 w as pai d as guaranteed i nl .erest and cliyidends on ti me deposi ts. I certif.v t,trat to the besl of rny kno.wledgeantl bel i ef, l he abore statententi s coi rect. N . E . f)i sl rrorv Cashier'


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NOTICE TOADVERTISERS

PLEASE YOUR CHANGES BTFORE THE15TH. MAKE

VITALSTATISTICS TotaI 72

Bi rth s De a i h s

47 14

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Total Population to date Ma l ri a ges

J nlr t ar y

Tot:r,l Mrrrriages from July, 1926

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Olving to the limited facilities for printing, - Advertisers are informed that making charrges in their advertisements after the 15th. of the month of issue, causes considerable inconvenience, and delays getting the pap er o ut on time.

January 1927 Male Female

For Genuine nvery ltvery Day Uay.tsargains Bargains "cfnnof stop at

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BarberShop In Connection

fviarine Barracks Deserted Th e U. S . S . G ol d Sta r, s a i l e d fro m Gu a m for Ca vi te , P . I . , S at u rd a y 2 9 th . J a n u a ry , l v i th the se ccnd det ac hm ent o f N l a ri n e s to l e a v e th i s Stati on fo r p o s s ibledut y in C h i n a . T h e fi rs t d e ta c h m e n ti eft o n th e G old S t ar , D e c e m b e r7 th . b o u n d fo r P e k i ng, Ch i n a . W it h t he e m b a rk a ti o n o f th e M a ri n e s thei r b a rra c k s at Headq u a rte rs , A g a n a , a n d a t Su may, h a ve bec om edes er t e d ,a n d c l o s e du p fo r th e fi rs t ti me i n th e his t or y of t h e i s l a n d s i n c e th e o c c u p a ti cn b-v th e fi r s t bat t alion of Ma ri n e s , A u g u s t 2 2 i 1 d ., T 8 99. Th e S t at ion bell, a t th e Gu a rd -h o u s e ,H e a d q u arte rs, A gana, whic h h a s s tru c k th e h o u rs a n d hal f h o u rs in s hipboar d s ty l e fo r th e p a s t 2 8 y e a r s, i s si l e n t, and t he Nav y me n s ta ti o n e d a t G u a m may we l l sa y , " Y ou' 11 neve r mi s s th e Ma ri n e s ' ti 1 1th e y' re g o n e ," f or now t he y a re c a l i e d u p o n to d o th e duty th a t the M ar ines hav e a l w a y s d o n e .

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T&ELffiffiffiSS MTN'SSUITS, Ai\D LADIES COSTUMES You tgil1 be pleased By

ROSA A.SABLAN SUM AY


32C

THE GUAM RECORDER THIBUSITST OFFICER ONTHESTATION

A it er due c on s i d e ra ti o na n d d e l i b e ra ti o n , the R eco r der has dec id e d , a n c l fe e l s c o n fi d e n t i n s el ecti ng Chaplain W . R. F l a l i , U .S.N a v y , a s th e b u s i e st offi cer o n t he S t at ion. T he dut ies of t h e c h a p l a i n o n th e s ta ti o n i s, i n i tse lf , s om e jc b a s th e v a ri c u s m i l i ta ry u n i ts are di stri but ed ov er quite a n e x te n s i v e te rri to ry . T o begi n wi th t her e ar e t h re e s e rru o n sto t-.ep re p a re c and l del i ve r ed eac h week , tw o o f rv tri c ha re g i v e n b efore the two m ar ine units a t S u i :ta y a n d ti re th i rd a t D orn Hall, ir r - A . gana . B e s i < ' l eth s rs e rrn i ts . th e re i s sonreti m es t wo or nt o re s h i p s i n ti re h a rb o r w h i ch come u rder t iis iur is di c ti o n ; th e R a d i o s ta ti o n , w hi ch i s l o ca t ed on one of th e h i g h p o i n ts o f th e i s l a ntl ; the h e adquar t er s det a c h m e n t o f N l a ri n e sa t Ag a na; the h o s pit al ar r d als o th e c o mmu n i c a l i o n d e p a rrment ar Ag ana. ' lhe dut i e s o f th e c h a p l a i rra 1e n o t c onfi ned to uer eiv t he s pir i tu a l rre e d sc f th e me n o f th e vari o l ts s er v ic e unit s , b u t a l s o i n c l u d e th e i r g e n e ral rvel fa re. Under t his c i a s s i fi c a ti o n , h i s d u ti e s incl ude th e c ar e and t r ana g e me n t o f th e s ta ti o n l i b ra ry, ancl th e m anagem ento f th e n i g h tl y mo ti o n p i c tu re show s a t t he I ' ar ious un i ts ; th e w ri ti n g o f l e tte rs to the n e ar es tof k in of e a c l -ra n d e v e ry e n l i s te d n ra n on the sta t ion k eeping t h e m i n fo rm e d o f th e m a n ,s heal th a n d addr es s , Thos e ar e t he " re g u l a r d u ti e s ' , o f th e c h a p l ai n of th e nav al s t at ion o f Gu a n t. C h a p l a i n T J a l l ,s duti es l ta v e only been h a l f to l d w h e n th e a b o v e h as been re l a t ed. A job, whic h is a m a n ,s s i z e o n e i n i ts e l f, i s the - e ad h of t he departme n t o f e d u c a ti o n o f th e Is land of .Gu a q. I n t his po s i ti o n , C h a p l a i n F Ia l 1h a s a p proxi ma tely 3, 400 s c ho o l c h i l d re n a n d 3 1 3 te a c h e rsunder h i s s t r per v is ion,no t to m e n ti o n th e 2 4 s c h o o l bui l diags r,vhich also must be careclfor. These schools a re l oc at ei in ev el y s e c ti o n o f th e i s l a n d . e a ch and. e ve ry one of whic h a re v i s i te d c n c e a u :rc rth . V i si t_ i u g s c hools in G u a rn j s u n l i k e a s i mi l a r d u ty i n the sta tes , due t o t he fa c t th a t v a ri o u s n te a n so f tr" n._ p o .rtat ic nm us t be re v e rte d to , - n a me l y a u to mobi l e, sa i l ing or m ot or b o a t, n ,a l k i n g a n d e i e n b u l l _back ri d i nq. Now in addit io n to c a ri n g fo r th e s p i ri tu a l anci g e n e r al welf ar e of th e m e n , a n d th e s u p e rv i si ng of th e public s c hoolso f Gu a m, C h a p l a i r H a 1 l fi n ds ti me to m anage one of th e fo u r b a s e b a l lte a m* sc f the i sl a n d , k nown as th e Bo a rd o f Ed u c a ti o n Team. Ch a plain Ha1l, h i m s e l f i s a n e n th u s i a s ti c fan and ta kes an ac t iv e par t i n a l l p ra c ti c e g a me s ; i n fa ct, he sp e n ds appr ox im ate l y tw o h o u rs a d a y w i th h i s team a n d ot her t eam s of th e i s l a n d . Sp ac e r v ill not p e rm i t th e re l a ti n g o f a l l th e w ork Ch a plain Ha1l do e s i n b e h a l f o f th e s p o rts of the sta ti o n, y et wit hall h e i s n e tte r to o b u s y to s to p for a ch a t wit h any one o r to fu rn i s h th e R e c o rd e r w i t h the

FEBRUARY 1917

sports new s for the month, daw u unti l dark.

He is a busy man from

W i th hi s i nrerest i n basebal l , C hapl ai n Hall has al so been tryi rrg to l ocate new pl ayers for th e t eam s; i ryi ng to do thi s i n hi s al ready too busy day. I f per sons w ho are i nterested i n the game w oul d send t he names and ad< l ressof prospecti ve pl aye r s t o t he chapl ai n, i t w oul d be very much appreciat ed, and w oul d al so rel i eve the chapl ai n of some of bis wor k, gi vi ng hi m a l i ttl e more ti me to spend w i th his del i shtful farui l y.

NewArrivals I,i eutenant and N Irs. A . L. H aml i n, of Asau, ar e rej oi ci ng over the bi rth of a seven-and-a-halfpouncl boy, born January 30th. Mrs. Fl aml i n be f or e her marri age, l vas Mi ss E mma S andvi gg, of Seat t ie, W asi r., I,i eutenant H aml i n, U . S . N avy, i s at t ached to the U . S . S . Gol d S tar. HOW THE

LITTLE

ONE CAr/iE

B l ' I,ou J. B eauchamp God took the bl ush of the morni ng A nd the sheen of an Ori ent pearl ; H e caught the coo of a homi ng dove A nd the w hi te of a l i l y' s curl ; Then H e took the bl ue of the i ri s A nd the scenr of a vi rgi n,s hai r, A nd cuddl i ng them al l i n IJi s great, w hi te hand, I,ol a baby nestl ed there.

A n ei ght-and-a-ha1fpound baby boy w as bor n t o I)r. and N Irs. O. M. H ol man at the S usana hospit al i n A gana \{onday tl orni ng January 31st. Mr s. HoI man ar:clthe baby are repori ed doi ng ni ce15. . The l i ttl e new comer i s the second chi l c l in t he H ol man fami l y.

The many fri ends of Mr. A . T. P erez, C hi e f Cler k to the C omnrani ant, w i l l be gri eved to l earn cf t he cl eath of l i i s 1' s116gand onl y son, Fraucisco, o' February 1st. The R ecorcl erextends condol enceto the ber eavecl parents.

H e that does not bel i eve i n others. fi nds that they do not bel i eve i n bi m.


THH GUAM RECORDER

]..EBRUARY 1927

321

SHIPPII{G NOTES Vessels in Port T lie U. S . S . R . L . B.l n rn s , F l o a ti n g O i l D epot, L i e u b. A . Douc et , U S N , C o u rm rrn d i r-i g . l h e U. S . S . Ne.e a ,Sb a ti o n ' f u g , L i e u t. A . D oucet, IJSN, Com r nandi n g .

Arrivals in Guam ?he Cable S hip R o s rc R ER ,l { i i s te r W . C . D i l l on, a rri v ed at t his po l t c _ rn Z l )c c e n -rb e r'1,g :2 6l ro m Iforro_ l L rl u, ' 1. H, The Li. S . S . P rrrs s u n c u , C a p t. G. W. S te el e,j i .., U,S N, Cc ir nr nanc l i n ga, rri l e d Gu a n r o n 1 3 D e cenrber., i 9 26 lr om Honolu l u , ' f .I{ . S } reh a d o n b o a rd B baes o f rr t nil f ol Uuanr . The U. S . S . S -3 3 , L i e u t. J . \V . G re g o ry, U S N , co rn r nanding, ar r i v e d Gu a m o n 1 3 I)e c e i n b er, 1g26 f ro m . I { onolulu, ' I.H . T he J apanes eSc h o o n e rl ,fe n rn w ,ql j e n u , l l a ster K . Oka no, ar r iv ed G u a n r o n 1 g l )e c e m b e r, I9 2 6, from Ja pan v ia S aipan , I[.I. c a rry i n g o n b o a rd th e {o]l crn.i n g pas s enger sA: n to n i o D i a z , .d l fo n z oD i a z , l r-errrancl o Di a z , ! ' elic idac lU.D i a z , J o s eSi rn t,o sl ,l e rc e d e sSantos, l l rt,r : iltS anlos , A n g e l a S a n to s , An a S a n to s , \ ri centn Il u s t aquio n' lor es,C re c e n c i aT a i ta n o a l c l J i ,l q ui n R . Ri vt , r a. The S . S . G nec oD o r,r,.tRI{ , a s te r C . J o k s ta c,l arri vecrl Qu a m on 6 J anua ry , 7 9 2 7 , fro n r Sa n l tra n c i sco r,i rr Ho n olulu, . qar r { i1 S g l -b o a rd 8 g b a g s o f rn ai l , 600 to n s o{ f r eight , _3 2 7 ,0 0 0 { t. l ri m b e r a n d th e fo lJi i w i ng p a s s engerfsor G ua n t: Me s s rs .D a v i d .Atk i n s a n cl pari i Bo teler . Th e U. S . S . H u n o n , C a p t. y . S . Wi l l i n rn s, U S N . e o m m anding, ar r i v e d Gu a m o n g J a n u a ry ,l g 27,fr,rnr Ma nila, P . I . , c a rry i n g o n b o a rd 1 b a g ' o f rnai l for Gu a r n. Th e U. S . S . G oL DSrA R , S ta ti c .rn Sh i p , C o n tc l r..B . R . Wa re, jr , US N, c o rl n ra n c i i n g , a .ri i ,e i l (i u a m oi .r 2g Ja n u ai' y , 1927, f r o m n fa n i l a , P .I., c a rr.' ,i rrgo n boarcl 4 b a gl of t nail, 315 rJto n s o f c o a i , B b S to n s -o f frei ght f lllon' ing p a s s e n g e rs fo r Gu a rn : Ma j o r S . p. 1 n d _! L" _ Bu dd, U. S . I { . C. an d n ' i fe ; L i e u t.C o rn c l r.H U l l n n al a, _ (y_ C] , US N,wif e 2 s o n s a n c l s i s te r-i n -l a w ,L i i ssl l aryl '{cH ugh ; Lieut . C o m c l r.C .J .Bro rv n ,(r\IC ),'IIS N, rvi fe a n d s on; Lieut . Co m d r. F I- O. l ' i s c h e r, (C E C ), [1S N ; 9 _ l q ! . 1V . . D. . t r { c C a u g h tryU, .S. X { .C; L i e u r.G.i \ ;al ker, USN , and wif e; 1s t. L i e u i . U .Ir' .l l e r.z , U .S. N I. C . anci rvi fe ; E ns ign W . J . N o ri ' i n s l i j , (S C ), t_ tS N n . i fe and 2 d a u g ht er . s ;P al' g1u .L G . Bo e r, U SN , a n c l rv i fe ; X {r-s. A. R . A lf r ed and d a u g h te r; Mrs . L . J . R o b e r ts ancl d a u g ht er ; a. nr lA nt o n i o T . D u e n a s , i n s a n e p a ti ent.

Departures FromGuam The U. S . S . P r r r s e u e ,c r:,C a p t. G. W. S te e l e,j r, USN , c oir r unnding , s a i l e d fo l Ma n i l a , p . I., on i 6 D.'e e m ber ,1916, r yi th 8 b a g s o f m a i l fro m G u n m. The U. S . S . S -3 3 , L i e u t. J . W. G re g o r3 ,,[IS N ,

ESâ&#x201A;Ź-JAN

ffiHNGHR ALH tsottled at the famous [,os Banos Hot Springs,PhilippineIslands. This watei: cornes through hundreds of feet of solicirock, reaehes the top in a boiling state and is boitlecl without coming' in contact wiih the air. Tiie ginger is fresh, and grown by the compenli after several years exper;nlentation to get the rnost aromn.ticvariety, and it is used the day i1 is Picked. Pure cane sugar is u-sed. l{o glucoseor other substitute. You do nCItknosv Gimger.Aleif ycu have nct tr ied ' ofSUAN" GINGER ALn - per ca.se, 96 spiits,$13.50,i,ess92.50 for retnnn cf caseand bottles. ISUAN W ATER - per case, 96 splits, $8.75,T,ess92.50 for return of caseand bottles.

JOHru ROT|.|SCI.IILD & CO.


THE GUAM RECORDER

322

coLnura nd ing , sa iled f c , r illt r niia, P. I . , on 16 l) e c e m ' ber, L 92 6. T he Jtlpa rtese Sch ooner Xlenlelie X{ enu, } - [ ast e r K . Olilno, srrile d for Yo liolt at t ia, , J apt n on 28 Dec et. n b e r ,

1 9 2 ti . Th e S S . ( ir iec n D o l l e n , tr{ a s te rC . J o k s ta tl , sai l ed fo r Cr r v it e,P . I , on 1 1 h ttu rtl y , 1 9 2 7 , rv i ti r 5 8 bags o f trr ail f t t ' nr G ur t r r. Th e Cablc S hip R o s ro Ii ER ,Il a s te r \Y. C . D i l l on, sri l e d f or \ r ic t or ir , B C ., rrn 2 4 J a n ti a rl ' , 1 9 2 7 , w i th 5 b a g sof nr ail f r om Gu a m. C a p l R . B . P ri c e ,(AI' N {)' U S. U. C. is r r p. r Jje rl g e r o n b o l rd . Th e U. S . S . Hu n o x , C a p t. Y. S . \V i l l i 3 6 .o , LIS N , co mmanding,s : r , ile dfo r [J n i i e d S ta te s v i a tr{ o nol u]u, T.H., on 29 J anua ry , 1 9 2 7 , w i tl r 7 b a g s o f ma i l and th e f ollowing pass e l rg e rso rl b r a l c 1 fr< rn l G ti anr; l l a ri n e G unner J . W . L a tti n , U . S . l f C . rrrri fotrr e n l i s led M ar ines . The U S ' S . G or ,oS u n , C o m c l r. B. R . W a re, j r, USN , c or - nr nandin gs, a i l e d fo r C a v i l e , F . I., rv i th 3 b a g s of m ail and ih e fo l l o w i n g p a s s e l l g e l so n b oard {ro rn G uar n; llajor S' P . B u d d , i i ' S.} ' { .C ., C a p ts. O. Sa l zm an, J . W aller , E, L . Ii r-r-.s e lal ,n d W . F . Becl < er, tf. S. l{ . C. , F ir s t L i e u t. \\r. L . H a rd i n g ,U . S . hf' C ., Se co nr l Lieut enant s S. C ' Z e rn , R . S . Vi a l l , R . J. Nl u ur f or dand A . \ \' . Kre i s e r, L I. S . l rt. C , C hi ef l l a ri n e G unner J . tr. Sta mp e r, L T .S . [f. C ., rn d C i unn e r F ' . O . Lundt , U . S. l f. C ., a n d a c l e ta c rh m entof 1 6 0 e nlis t ed llar ine s . The U. S . A r m y Tra n s p o rt " T rro rre s " s a i l e d fl om Sa n n ' r anc is c o,Cal i f. 1 4 J a n u a r;' rv i th th e fo l l orvi ng

passengersfor Guam: Li eut. C omdr. T. H ow e, USN, rvi fe and t[ chi l drenl l ,i eut, J. B . C ooke, U S N, . wi{e and son; C hi ef P harnraci sb\V . E . S axton, U SN, and rvi fe; S Irs. l { . T. P eckman and son, fami l y of Chief Y eoman P echnran; I' Irs. F. H , Gorml ey, w i fe of Chief R adi onran.Gorml ey,3 enl i sted nten N avy. Fon Scourrxc SeuernoN Or\.p Gunrl ery S ergeautI. S . S rni th, Il . S . M. C ., l Ser geant, 2 C orpornl s,1 P ri vate Fi rst C l ass,21 P r ir at es.

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS A gana, Guam N oon - D ai l l ' -

Maxi mum barometer

97q

A verrge tctnperi rtui e

85 9 Deg. ()e

S ci sni ograph records Qri ai < cspefcei vcd

a â&#x201A;Źt-

Cffi@OLATS in artistic - frc chocolates, bythuenames: packagesrknown *SOCIETE GIRL' "FRENCFI CREAMS" ..DE L'OPERA' "FRUIT AND NUT"azdorhers

e ve ry

E-NE 24 hrs. 617Miles 24 hl s. 103 l( o .) t hr. oo 31 da;'s 8.12

29 86 I nchcs ( 29.i0 L

l l i ni murn barometcr Total rrri nfrrl l

'ocidle

a s s o rtftT e n t Io r

.Ianri ary, 1927

A verage di rccl i on of n' i nd Maxi rnu.m w i nd movenrent l { i ni mum w i nd movenl ent trrl axi murnvel oci tt, for' A verage vel oci ty for -

C AL W A Y S F' R E S H ! ..

An

FEBRUARY 1927

tdste

Dnug $tcre Elliott's fu[ade in Seatt[e,LI.S.A.6y Inaornral Caxov CoMPANY

6

SEISfuiOLOGICAL RECORDS Jan.5th. ri :57:30, a.m.D i recl i on l {-S " 5th. 10:17:i 30, p.rn. " N -S " 5th. 10:30:45, p.m. N -S " (. ,,61h. 2.,1g:00, a.m. N _S (' " 6th. 4:10: i 0, a.m. N -S N -S " 6th. 4:18:00, a.m. " ot,h. ,l :33:15, a.m. " N -S " 6ti r. 4:48:15, a.rn. " N -S " 6bl r. 7:03:00, a.rn. " E -\V " 6th. 7 : 11 :00, a. m. " N -S (( " 6i h. 7: 19:00, a.m. E -W " 6th. 8:52:20, a.m. " N -S " 6rh. 12:14:45, p.rn. " N -S ' ' 7th. 2:17 :45, a.m. '' E -w N -S " 7th. 2 : 52 : i l o, a. m. " " 7N h. 2:53:45, a.m. E -w '' " 7 Lh. 3: 19 : 1l l , a rn. N -S " N -S " 9t,h. 9:04:oo, a.m. " N -s 5:25:oo, p.rn. " l oth. " E -W " 13bh. 1:14:15, a.nr. '( l :33:45, p.m. E -w " 15th. '( c-W " 16bh. 3:56:00, a.n' r. '3 " l gbh. 9:00:05, p.rn. E-W D -W " 26bh. l : 50:30, A .r1r. " " N-S " 28th. 9:35:00, p.m. " " 29th. 6: 10:20, p.m. N-S " " 31th. 2:56:20, p.m. E-W " p.rn. " 31th.8:19:i 5, N -S " P"

denotes Per c ei v ed

"p, , "pr t "p, , "pr t

"pt t

"Pt '


THE GUAM RECORDER

f . E BRUARY 1 92 7

T

l

6\whtxttn putrgefis. aa

lnches Year1927 forCalender Annual TotalRa!nfall ---57.24 t\4ax.Daiiy tlainfall No.Days Ja n. Fe b " Ma r. Ap r . If a,y Ju ne Ju l y Au g . Se pt . Oct . No r' . Dec.

't1

l,lo

11 tr

0.32 0.56 0.10 0.40 0.33 0.79 0.94

i5 7 f1 1f,

17 2E 26 22

$ree arri $rrepteb $a*anr Under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Loclge Of The PhilippineIslands. Meets Second and Fourth I\fonday Evenings Stated Communication Second Monday of the Month.

Acaiva Loocs No. l-281

,ia

,A

2.12

26 2l

LI I.r)

OF ELKS OITDER BENTVOLENT ANDPROTECTIVE

I

t.47 Mprlrrxe

Nrcnrs

FOR20YEARS DRYEST SEASON T he r ec or ds of rg ,i n fa l l i n r\g n n a , s b o u r that the ye ar 1926, was t he d ry e s t y e a r s i n c e 1 9 0 6 . Fol l otvi n g is t he t olal r : ri n fa l l fo r tw e n ty y e a rs ; 1917- 97.98 i nches 1906- 55.39 inchers

t

t

1907- 77.13 1908- 66.86 1909- 92.84 1910- 90.59 19tt - 108.33 19i2 - .32,32 19i3 - 80.70 1914- rl2.l2 1915- 87.r4 1916- 119.35

r9rB - t05.22

1919- 81.88 1920- 97.23 1921- 76.92 i922 - 91.3.4 1823- 106.05 1924- 113.16 1925- 87.29 1626- 57.84

't '( ('

Ave lag e ra inf r ll

2l ; ' eals - 90. 08 jnc hes

. 1927 TIDETALEFEBRUARY HIGI{

1 -' 2345678I 10 11 12 13 L4 15 16 17 -

I

18 19 20 21 22 23--24 25 26 27 28 -

6: 32 A. I\{. 7:11 7:50 8:30 9:09 9:49 10:31 11:16 12:31 P.l{. 2:LB 3:37 4:34 5:17 5:54 5:29 7:05 7 .Lr .

8:23 9:05 9:55 10:48 Il 57

6:27 P. I'i. /:l+

B:06 9:03 10:07 1 1 .,)Q

l2:47 A. I{. 2:44 3 :09 4:00 + i+ 5

8 :01 8:30 8:57 9:21

1 :1 7 P. N { . e .n o

4:01 + : o ,1

/e-

Aganu, 6uarn-

,.MEETINGS" Regular hleetings first' Saturday of evet'y rnonth 8:00 P . M. Genelal h{eelings tirird Saturday of Septeniber arrd March

Gnxnnar,BePtIsr MIsstoH Ilouns on h'IoPrrNcs S uH nev:S unday S chool ------9: 30 A. M . P reachi ng i n E ngl i sh and C hamorro-- 10 : 30 A. I \ 4, Childrerr's Lifc Training Classes-3:00 P.M. Young Pecple's Christian E ndcavor--7 : 00 P. N'I . Preachingin English, Evangeiistic B :00 P.li. B i bl e S chool Tues< l a' y--7 : 30 P. 1\ '1. &Iidu'eek Prayer l4eeting Thur., 8:00 P'M' W e corrl i al l v i nvi te you to come to any of t lr ese ser' i ces' A .L. L.l trul l , P a st or .

Pnorss'raxt Dlvitsp Snnvtcps N.tvar, StattoN, Gueu, hlloritn Lln FsenuanY 6th. 13th. 20t,h. 27 i h.

H orv C an I K norv God' / The N i anY -S i dedC hri st The l ' reedorn of C hri sf The V ai ue of the C ommonpl ace

SundaY: areheidevery $ervices

q./.)

I L' : OD

f

,tatt t peagueoI Leunm @ouug6lJtlten'r

O: ,) tl

10:12 1:15 A. M. 2:24 3:20 4:07 4:49

af

M

5:22 6:29 7:01

WpolqosoeY

Frnsr a"un Turao

10:00 A .M. 11:0C A .M. 7:30 P .M.

Mari ne B arracks, S umav S coLrti ngS quadron, N o. One , Sum ay D orn H al l , A gana W . R . I{a] l C hapl ai n, -tI. S. Nr t vy


sffi *UALITY FNATURES

o miobl tran s! ort a t i on ;ftr Econ

ATKINS, KROLL & CO-,AGENTS IMPORTERS==EXPORTERS MnMspns -

Guau CnAMspnOr Couupncr

.l I a.

The Guam Recorder Vol.3, No.11 February 1927  

In partnership with the Micronesian Area Research Center, Guampedia is e-publishing the Guam Recorder. The Guam Recorder was a monthly maga...

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