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GUIDETO CONTENTS FlagDayExercises

91

Station Ship Quarantined The Bible as good Literature

92

TheBackCountry Through B y L t . - C o m d r . lI. ( 1 . F isch e r , ( CEC) ,

U.S.N.

TheBuilding of theGovernment House G u a m , 6 o t h . L in k in Ch a in o f Wo r ld ls Air p o r ts A Cultivatecl voice R e p o r t o f th e Gu a m Ag r icu ltu r a l Experiment Station

Memoirs of DonFelipe dela Cort'e U.S. NavyRadio

94 95

J u n e T e n n is T o u r n a m e n t

102 103 !04 105

Cottage Edgar AllenPoe's

t:,

A n E di tor's B l essi ng l mportant D ates i n Jul y

96 99

Spanish Governors of Guam

Fifthof JulySports Doings in Guam Social

lnsular PatrolNews Public Works andIndustries Notes Agricultural Notes Department of Education

i00 101

andDomestic Hints Tested Recipes

110

Notices

n4

Notes Shipping

116

VitalStatistics

rl,u

Taxes are Due

Years Ago PortSeventy Popular Guam

1 19

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THtr GUAM RECORDER

JUI,Y 1926

+

DEVET,OPINGTE{E PT{OTO SFIOP oNdPRINTTNG

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Ansco Cameras nooo Speedex Fihn

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Bring us your films and have them finished

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P IIOTOGR,[PII ERS AOANA, GUAM

DEVILOPI ruG

carefully and qulckly

PRI NTI NG

Get .-l ar

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6 ou.t TNLARGING

Clean Work Prompt Servlce Prices You'll Say Are Right

Everything in Pictures Sole Distributors

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every time vrith Ansco Speedex Film. In anymake of camera it "fits the light."

Ansco Photoproducts [nc.

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Our name on pictures is like "S t e r l i n g " o n s i l v e r

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D ON 'T T H IN K OF ICE AS AN EXPENSE IT IS AN trCONON,liCNECESSITY. TS it economy to pay the high prices asked for food today and then risli havI ing that food spoiled or even tainted, in order to save the small affiount, necessaryto insure your food being sweet, clean and nourishing? lro+r,cit TCE not only keeps food cold, but presenresits natural flavor sp{ I fresh, healthful and safe to eat.

WASTED, IT IS NOTTHEICEYOUBUY,BUTTHI FOOD THATIS EXPENSIVE.

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THE GUAMRECORDER V olum e

3

Num b e r

4

JurY, L926

? :

I

FLAGDAYEXERCISTS Flag Day, the one hundred and forty-ninth natal anniversary of the birth of the American Flag, was ce l e b r at edb; ' A gana L o d g e N o . 1 2 8 1 , B e n e v o l e n tand Protective Order of Elks on Monday afternoon, June 1 4 th ., at t he Cine G a i e ty T h e a te r. The ritual of the Order was followed and the services were impressive and inspiring. The following program was rendered: March

"Stars and Stripes Forever"

Marine Band

Officers of the I.odge

Processional Selection of National Airs Introductory Exercises

Marine Bancl Officers of the Lodge Chaplain

Invocation "Heart to H e a rt"

Mediation

History of the Flag

Ma ri n e B and

Officers

The Elks' Tribute to the Flag Bro . J . H . U n d e rw o o d , P . B . R . Vo ca l S olo

" M y C re e d "

Pa tri ot ic A ddr es s

Ma rch

*

M rs . W . R . H al l

C h a p l a i n W. R . H a l l , U . S. N . ' A me ri c a "

So n g -

" Nat io n a l E m b l e m"

A u d i e n c e j o ini ng Ma ri n e band

The patriotic address by Chaplain W. R. Ha1l, U. S. N. was s t ir r in g a n d u p l i fti n g a n d w a s th e feature of the exercises. The vocal solo by Mrs. Hall was much enjoyed. The title of the selection was very appropriate, ".N[y Creed" meaning "My Belief in the American Flag." The excellent music furnished by the Marine Band was one of the outstanding features of the occasion. In the evening a dance was given at the Elks' Home which was enjoyed by the members of the Ord e r and t heir f r ie n d s .

STATION SHIPQUARANTINED

i

*

r5 cents per c opy $ r.5o pery ear

the Quaranti ne S tati on at C abrab Isl and. N o m ail or cargo of arry nature was allowed to be ianded, and the Gol d S tar w as prohi bi ted from com m unicating in ar:y way clirectly rvith the shore. The day of her arri val , the C ommandi ng Of f icer of the Gol d S tar requested permi ssi onto ret ur r l t o Mani ta B ay for the purposeof goi ng i nto quara nt ine at the Philippine Quarantine Station at Mariveles, and have the shi p i horoughl y fumi gated w hi ch could not have been done here. Thi s permi ssi o n was grantcd, and the Gol d S tar w i th al l her passenger s sai l ed for Mani l a on the eveni ng of the 18th. No definite assertion can be made at this time as to w hen the Gol d S tar w i l l return to Guam, but it is believed that she wiil arrive here about the 15th of Jul y, 1926.

Bro. W. G . J o h n s to n , P . E . R .

Altar Services

I I t

91

Th e U. S . S . G old S ta r w a s s c h e d u l e c lto a rri ve at Gu a m on J une 18, 1 9 2 6 , a fte i a tri p to tl i e P h i l i pp i n e , Chines e, anr-l J a p a n e s c p o rl s o f a b o u t 21/2 rn o n ths dur at ion. A fe w day s pr ior trr h c t l i rri v l l h e re , s h e re p ol ' ted th a t she had t hr ee s u s p c c te d c a s e sc f s rn a l l p ox on b o a rd. Upon c ons rrl ta ti o n b e trv e e n th c Go v e rnot' a n d the Healt h O f f i c e r.i t w a s c l c c i c l e cthl a t th c Gol d Sta r s hould be place d i n q rra r' :r,n ti n cfo r a p e ri o d of trve n t y dlr , y saf t er th e s u s p e c tc d c n s e so f .s ma l lpox h a d l e f t t he s hip. Acc or dingly , upo n h e r ri rri v a l , th e Go l d S ta r w as q u a rant ined, and t h e th re e c e s e s ,w h o w e re J o a qui n L i mti ac o and t wo N a r' \' e n l i s te d me n w e r' cs e nt,to

LITIRATURE ASGOOD THEBIBLE The S unday eveni ng sermoti at D orn H al l , June Lgth., by C hapi ai n W . R . H ai t, U .S . N avy, on "Tbe B i bl e as good Li teratl rre' ! \yas very i nteresti n g, and he brought out many facts not general l y knou' n. By tel l i ng some of the stori es of the B i bl e the speaker sought to show that, asi de frour bei ng preeminent ly' a book of rel i gi on, the B i bl e i s al soa book of excellent l i terature. It i s bei ng taught i n the E ngl i sh depar t ments of many uni versi ti esand col l eges. It tne asur es up to al l the testsof good l i terature. In fact, r nor e :tw enty centuri es after some parts of i t wer e than rvri tten, i t i s today the rvorl J' s best sel l er. Tl i e fol l qw i ng are a ferv curi ous B i bl e fact s t hat mny be oI i nteresl to ottr t' cnders' A pri soner, condernned to sol i tary con6n em ent , obtai ned a copy of the B i bi e, and, by three year s' carei ul study, obtai ned tl i e fol l ow i ng facts; The B i bl e contai ns3,586,489l etters, 773,692wor d$, 31,173 verses, 1,189 chapters, and 66 books. The rvord " and" occurs 46,27i ti nes..The rvord " L or dt t occrl rs 1,855 ti rnes. TIte tvord " revel endtt occt ll's but once, rvhi ch i s i n the l Jtl i . r' erse of the 111t h. osal m. The nri dci l e verse i s the S th. verse of t he i tA tn. P sal nr. The 21sb.verseof the 7th. chapt erof E zr:a contai ns al l the l etters i n the al phabet except The fi nest chapter to read is t he the l etter " J" . 26th. chapter of the A cts of the A postl es. The 19t h. cbaptel of 11 K i ngs and the 37th' chaprer o{ I saiah are al i ke. The l ongest versei -qthe 9th. verseof t he S th. chapter of E sther. The shortest verse is t he The 35th. verse of the l l th. chapter of S t. John. 8th., 15th., and 21st. and 3l st. versesof the 107t h. P sal m are ai i l < e. E ach verseof the 136th. psa lnr end al i ke. There are no w ords of more than si x syllables.


THE GUAMRECORDER

92

T } IE GUAM RECORDER Published Monthly at Agana, Guaur. For Progr:ess, Education and Development in this Island. W. \Y. Rowley

W.J. W.W.

Editor

AssocrATE EDrToRs H.G. Ho r n b o ste l D wir e S. R. Va n d e n b e r g Ro wle y -

Bu sir r e ss } { a n a g cr

S u b s c rip tio nte r m s a n d Dir e ctio n s T o U n i t e d S t a t e s a ir d p o sse ssio n s. O n e Y e a r , r z i s su e s $ 1 .5 0 , Pe r Co p y 1 5 ce n ts. To Canada, One Year, - - - - $2.00 To Foreign Countries, One Year, - - $2.00 CHANGES 0 F A DDRESS. Su b scr ib e r s m u st sive ol d as r v e l l a s n e w a d d r e ss. If yo u d o n o t g e tlo u r paper regularly or promptly notify us. We supply rnissing n u r u b e r s i f r e q u e ste d in tim e . R E N E W A L S .W he r r r e n e r vin g a lwa ys sta te th a t;'our subscription is a renewal, and if your ncldress has been changed, give {ormer address. We receipt your subscription by starting the paper. ERR0RS. We rnake them sometimes. If you have cause for complaint please write us. \A7e'rvill do our Give us credit {or intention to deal fairly. Adpart. clress. T H E GUAMRECORDER, AGANA.GUAM .

THROUGH THEBACK COUNTRY If one wer e as k e d to n a m e th e l e a s t a c c e s si bl epart of this island by either vehicle or \.vatertransportati o n it would pr ob a b l y b e th e h e a d w a te rso f the Tal ofofo, that strange river I,vhich starts on the eastern sl ope of M ount A l i fa n a s th e Bo n y a , d i s a p p earsund e r gr ound and r e a p p e a rsi n th e F e n a D i s tri c t" as the Zadtc Maagas, continues to an old abandoned bridge o n t he onc e f am o u s Si n a j a n a tra i l to In a ra j a n fronr which point the natives call it the Tenacho to the junction with the Ugum and then the Talofofo for th e las t m ile bef o re i t e m p ti e s i n to T a l o fo fo B ay. S t ar t ing f r om A g a t o n h o rs e b a c kth e C h i e f of Ind u s t r ies ac c om p a n i e db y Mr. T a i ta n o , A g ri cul tural Ext ens ion A gent a n d Mr. Bi ta n g a , C h i e f F o rester, re c ent ly m ede a t ri p th ro u g h th i s c o n n try a n d dow n to I nar ajan and th e n c e to A g a n a fo l l o w i n g the coast to the I lig Riv er b ri d g e . A b ri e f d e s c ri p ti o n of the co unt r y t r av er s e d ma y b e o f i n te re s t to o thers i ri search of the less beaten trails. Leav ing A gat o n e tu rn s to th e ri g h t i mmedi atel y a fte r c r os s ing t he ri v e r j u s t n o rth o f th e to w n and ta kes t he old A g a t s h o rt c u t w h i c h e n te rs th e P i ti Su m ay r oad near th e A ta n ta n o R i v e r. T h i s road i s badly orzergrownbut still passablefor a car. A little more than half r,vay across one reaches a plain loot trail leading up the Paulana valley and across the foothills between Mount Tenjo and the southern range of motlntaifls. This trail, passable only for pack animals, leads to rhe large area owned by the Agricultural Experiment Station known as Cotal located on the plateau just beyond the divide. ITere th e par t y m et M r . J a me s B a rb o u r, th e re s i d e nt super-

JVr4v 1926

visor in charge of the stock development work for w hi ch the stati on usesthi s tract. N one of the cat t le were in sight as ali of the higher open country tvas practicalll' bare at this time of the year, near the end. of the dry season and the c.rttle were feeclingin the brush and jungle along the water courses further soutl l . From C otal the route conti rruesal ong the bar e upl ands w i th onl y occasi onalpatchesof cogon ( swor d) grass and scattered tufts of the native bunch grass called "chaguan manog" until after passing thriugh the Iraguina district one colnes to the upper reaclies of the Togcha R i ver. Immedi atel y after cro ssing t he smooth rock bed of the stream one eflters a dense bundoc of breadfrui t, dugdug, chopag a nd nany other vari eti es of l arge trees w i th an i mp enet r able undergrow th of l emon-de-chi naand tanga n- t angan al l arcl i ed over the trai l so l ow as to be bare ly over a horse' s head. A fter somew hatl essthan a hal f ni l e of bur dox t he trai l comes out on the open agri cul tural cou nt r y and coconut groves of the Mata D i stri ct some dist ance above Talofofo'school. Continuing along the level plateau south past the school one reaches the ec.1ge of the bluff where the traii makes a sharp descentof 3C0 feet to the shore of Tal ofofo B ay. A rri ving her e sometime afier noon the party fed and lr,ateredthe horses and started on foot up the Talofofo valley to i nspect the ol d S pani sh bri dge sometw o mi l es up t he val l ey. On the advi ceof the raft tender that the trail along the ri ver w as badl 5zovergrow n the party tock a shor t cut up an adj acent ravi ne and over the i nter r r ening ri < l geto the ol d bri dge. N ear the foot of the f ar side of the ri dge j ust beforecomi ng out on the l ev el nr eadow of the ri ver val l ey the trai l passed di rect ly betw een the stonesof a l arge l atte. Thi s anc icnt Cha. morro burial ground was surrounded by a forest of dank crooked trees covered with moss and parasitic growths, altogether a most spectral place and even one r,vho has never heard of taotaomonamisht well hesi tateto take thi s trai l on a dark ni ght. Just beyond thi s l atte at the edge of the f or est t he trai l passedthrough a smal l grove of bearing cocoa trees rvi th the reddi sh purpl e pods carel esslygr ou'ing out of the bare si de of a l i mb or even the bo le of t he tree i tsel f. C onti nui ng up the val l ey a half . m ile or so the party arri ved at the o1dbri dge of n'hich one abutment of rubbl e masonry \,{ ,assti l 1 i n per f ect condi ti on but the other abutment had caved i n and t he w ooden deck structure w as enti rel v gone. O r iginally . i t rvasof about 35-foot span and perhaps9 f eet u'ide w i th a cl ear hei ghth of about 15 feet above the st r eam bed w hi ch at thi s poi nt i s sol i d rock. R ougl r g augiugs i ndi cated a stream fl ow of about 3.000 ga llons per mi nute at thi s ti me, near the end of the dry season, On further i nqui ri es from an ol d nati ve w o m an lir 'ing near there the party \,vasinformed that the trail al ong the ri ver w as i n good condi ti on and i n r et nr ni ng thi s w ay i t w as found much better and ea siert han the al l eged short cut. S everal hundred yards below the bridge the river reachestide 1evelatrd from then on reminds one of the 1a27,southern rivers rrhose


JrJI/y 1926

names en cl in "ee " geograp hie s.

T}IE GUAM RECORDER o f whic h pic t ur es ar e f ound in t h e

Tbe horses uor,v u'eli rested were again saddled and af t er so me littie d iff ic r . r lt y in get t ing t h"m t o e n t e r the wate r the p arty c ont inued s out h c r os s ing L h e ridge b e'L lve entire Ta lof of o and t he As alons o t hen u p a long incline to the piat eau bet n' een 300 and 400 f e e t aboye sra level extending f r c m Faf alog t o I pach o l through th e Ma lolo s Dis t r ic t q' hic h inc luc les s om e o f the be st co co nu t g rov es of t he is land. This par t o f the islan d se eu red to be m or e f av or ed wit h bir ds a n d burial tiro un ds th an eis ewher e; in one c or nf ield o f perhaps two a cre s e x t ent but r ec ent ly plant ed, a p a i r oi gral' d oves were indus t r iuus ly undoing n' hat t h e rauchero must h ave n' it h m uc h dif f ic ult y c or r ple t e d considerin g the do z en or s o lat t es in t he way a n d w hile the na tirre rvi1 1plant ov er t he bones unc ler ne a t h he rvili n ot disturb t he upr ight s t ones of t he l a t t e w hich in p laces like this would be qt r it e a hindr anc e t o the use of mod ern far m ing equipnent s . Contint.ring dor,r'n the winding trail from Ipachol to the P aulilu c va lley and t henc e in t o I nar ajan ove r a partly su rfaced bu l1 c ar t r oad t he par t y ar r iv ed i n time for a fin e su pp er at t he hos pit able hom e of M r . trtlariano Guerrero. After a short call in the evening on Mr. Flo res, th e com m is s ioner , v . l' her em or e lef r e s h ments rve re served , t he par t y t ur ner l iq, c onf or t ab l y lveary. In th e mo rning, being Dec or at ion Da5' , t h e pnrty h ad the p rivile ge of lv it nes s ins t be ex c eil e n t turnoat of the 1 ocal c om pany c f t he G uar u M ili t i a un-qler the su pe rvision of Pat r olm an Keig. Each milit iam a n h ad , selr'n on t he out er s eam of t he u,h i t e trouser s, a wide str ipe of blac h br aid r v hic h m a y have be err n cn reg ula tion but t es t if iec l hv t he t hc r r F h t and w ork involved to t heir int er es t il t he s er v ic e a n c 'l the oc ca sio n. Th e par t y had t o leav e bef or e t i i c parade an d a s the y r ode away t he pat r oir uan lr , i t h paternal ha nd was lin ing up a bev \ / of s m all gir is i n bright dre sses, ca rry ing f lor v er s and af t er t hem t h e sma1l bo 1's. R eturn ing th e pa rty s t opped at t he Talof of o c av e s . T he pa th to the se c av es leav es t he t r ail about tr , r , o thirds th e way up the bluf { nor t h of Talof of o Bay a n d w inds to th e ea st ab out a 15- m inut e u, alk . llhe b e s t vierv is fro m the o pening t o t he m ain hall but t h e r e is a sh e er dro p of at leas t a hundr ed f eet f r om t h i s oirening an .1 the en t r anc e is by t he s m alier c onne c t ing ca ve which de scends m or e gr ac lualiy r equir i n g the use o f a rop e for or r ly about 25 f eet . St ancl i n g below a t the na rrow iunc t ion of t he t r , r , oc av es b o t i r opcnings ca n he se en high ebov c , t he m ain c a\ - e o n the rig[t remiu iscen t of t he v ault ed c r os s ing o f a Got hic Cath ed ral with t he r oof near 200 f eet abo v e , and the srn alle r ca ve t o t he lef t r at her m or e of a p a gan grotto . By a slight ex er c is qof t he im aginat i o n many scu lptu red fig ur es m ay be s een on t he f ly i n g buttresses an d pin na c les high abov e illum inec l by t h e light from th e oo en ings and again t hos e on t he; ig h t seem ulore sa intl-r-an d les s s ens ual t han t hos e on t h e left. O n rea ch ing the X{ at a Dis t r ic t abov e Talof o f o school, instea d of tu rning lef t t owar d Agat t he pa r t l , continir ed stra igh t a head and down t he s lope t o t h i

93

Togcha R i ver stoppi ng at the S hi mi zu' s pl ace t o f eed and w ater the horses. B y thi s ti me the horse shad gotten used to fordi ng streams and spl ashedthr ough the Togcha w i thout a momentts hesi tati on, thi s being the last one ancl no more rivers to cross. Two more miles of trail through good. country to the recently repai red Ii i g R i ver bri dge and then agai n a hi g hu'ay for the fi rst ti me si nce l eavi ng A gat, to A gal a wher e the party arrived in mid afternoon somewhat sore but w el l sati sfi edw i th the tri p.

Mr. Pedro Martinez- Agent for Dodge Brothers N{otorCars, presentsthe fo1lor,r'ing: ''PEDRO'S COMMANDMENTS" 1 . D r i v e o n t h e r i g h t s i d e o f t h e r o a d a t a l l ti n e s; t h e b u m p s o n t h e l e f t a r e j u s t a s b a d a s t h c s e o n th e right. 2 . S l o w d o w n w h e n a p p r o a c h i n g t u r n s a n d co r ners; it is as dangerous as going down a steep hi11. 3 . A l w a y s b e o n t h e l o o k - o u t f o r c h i l c l r e n . Yo u c a n n e v e r t e l i w h a t t h e }' r v i l 1 d o , a n d y o u a r e a l w a ys to blame if you happen to hit one. 4 . T r y t o h e l p , r a t h e r t h a n h i n d e r t h e P a t r o kn a n ; h e i s t h e r e f o r y o u r g o o d , a n d h i s j o b i s n o t a n e a sy one. 5. Be sure that your DIMMERS r e a 1 l y d i n ; i t's n o j o k e d r i v i n g i n t o a b l i n d i n g g l a r e o n t h e s e n ar r o l v roads. 6. Read, and obey all warning l 1 o t p 1 1 tu p a s o r n a m e n t s .

signals; they are

7 . I f a t a n y t i m e y o u f e e l t h a t y o u m u s t sp e e cl , d o i t r v h e r e y o u w o n 't k i 1 l a n y o n e b u t y o u r s e l f . B . Wh e n s t o p p i r : g f o r a n v p u r p o s e , d o s o on th e r i g h t s i d e o f t h e r o a c l w h e r e y o u r c a r n i a y b e p la i n l y s e e n f r o i n a , 1 i d i r e c t i o n s ; o t h e l $ r j s e , y o u m a y sto p longer than you anticipated. 9 . S p e e d i n g a r o u n c l c o r n e r s i s a s t r a i g h t r o ute to t h e h o s p i t a l , a n d s o r u e d a y y o u '1 1 b e s o r r y . 1 0 . U s e c o m m o n s e n s e . T h e m e r e f a c t t h a t l ,o u h a d t h e r i g h t . o f - n 'a y , $ 'o n 't b r i n g y o u r r ; i c t i m l r a ck to 1ife, least of all yourself.

A BUNCH OFWHALIS ANDA WHALE OFA BOY The " l l ari ana X {aru' ' , a tw o masted sch ooner orvned t,r' J. K . S hi rni zu, a 1ocalmerchant of G uam , arri ved i n por:t from S ai pan, June 23d. Mr. I{. G . H ornbostel , one of the passengerson board, re por t s that there n' as consi derabl eexci tement as the v essel w as neari ng Guam caused by a school of whale which they passed through. Later in the day and shortl y before enteri ng the harbor, another pa ssenger, Mrs. E strel l a P . P erez,a resi dentof Guam, gave birth to a u'ha1e of a boy. The mother and baby w ere sent to the hospi tal as soon as they cou ld be landed, and late reports state th.atboth are doing well.


JULY 1926

THE GUAM RECORDER

94

TH E. BUILDING O F TF.IEGOVERNMENTHOUSE

.'CASA GOBIERNO'' (Governor'sHouse)and

Agana, as it appeared from the mast head of th e B ar que " Ly di a " to First Offi.cer William Haswell. as his vessel la-vat anchor ofi the reef i n fr ont of A gana w h e n sh e v is it ed t his p o rt i n 1 8 00. M r . Has well ev i d e n tl y visited Guam two years l a ter . His jour n a l o f wh i c h v oy age was p u b l i sh ed in t he Rec o rd e r, Se pt em ber1925,t h e o ri ginal being preserved a mong t he M ar ine J o u rn a ls of t he E as t In d i a Marine Society of Salem in the I,ibrary of the Ess ex I ns t it ut e. On this voyage his ship sailed from Bostolt for Manila and Canton, e a r ly in Nlar c h 18 0 1 . A t Ma nila s he was c h a rte roASA ed to take the new Gove rnor , Capt ain D o n V i c e n te Bl a n c o to Gu a m, and sa iled on O c t ober 2 0 th ., 1 8 0 1 , a rri v i n g h e re J anuary 5 th . , 1802. The above sketch is probably one of a very few n o w in ex is t enc e g i v i n g a n i d e a l v h a t A g a n a l ooked l i ke 126 y ear s a g o . T h i s b u i l d i n g w a s e vi dentl y

GOEtrEFrlro.

.AGiaNA,

1aoo.

erected at the same time as the barracks .r'l,hichadj oi ned i t and w hi ch i s used today as quarters f or t he U . S . N {ari ne C orps. Thi s bui l di ng bears t he dat e ,t / J o.

The photograph of the present " C asa G obier no" (Government H ouse) and someti mes ca lled t he P a l a c e , s t a n d s u p o n th e same site and probably u p o n t h e s a m e fo u n d a tion as tbe p r e vi o u s building v 'h i c h \\:a s a m u c h 1 e , . s p r e te n ti o u s structure. This building 'n'as erected cluring t h e a c l m i n i s t r a ti o n o f lientenant C ol cn e l o f I r i f n l t r r ', l o t r En r i q r r e S o l a r : o , S p r n i sh Ar n r y, s h o r t l l ' a f t e r h i s a ssu m i n g t h e g c r , e r no r sh i p cf t h e I s l a n d , . | u 1 1- 17 , 1BB4 . l l e r v a s a b l l ' a ssi ste d i n t h i s *'o r k b y h i s Ai d e , D o n E n r i q r e Scto , w h o t {'a s a n e x p e r i e n ce d e n nee* 6

-i

GovEnxr.rEsT HoLrsE, Ac.rYa, 1926.

" rL rr

4 r'

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nrahil -nt

also n f t h e Sp a n i sh Arml' A larv u'hiclt lras in e f f e c t n t t h e t i me , ca u sing ali able bodied men b e t w e e n t h e ag e s o f 1 8


JUL\ ' 192 6

THE GUAMRECORDER

and. 60 ye ars, to pa y a per s or lal t ax of "doc e r ea l e s " an amo on t eq uivale ut t . o about s ev ent ] ' - f i. r - ec en t : i n A merican mon ey, an d Lhos er v ho f ailed f or an1, 'r e a s . o n to pa y th is tax, rve r e r eqr r ir ed t o iv or k f or t he g o r 'ernme nt for a p erio d of f or t y dar - s eac li 1- ear . I t i s believ ed tha t a t the t im e of Capt air r Solano' s ar r i v a l at Guam, he fou nd t hlt m any wer e dâ&#x201A;Źlinquer r t in t h e paymen t of th is p er s onal r ax , and c ons ider ed i t a good o pp ortu nity to s ec ur e t l. r is labor f or t he r eb u i l d ing of his qu arte rs; allhough c ons ider able labor w a s also hired for this n'ork^ fle pro ce ed ed to r nak e ar r angem ent s f or t he c o 1 iection of the ne ce s s ar y builc ling m at er ials , and t h e people were in forn ed t hat in lier r of t he pay m en t o f their p erson al tax a f ail s iz ec l log of lf il / a har d r , v o o d of the I'Ia ho ga ni, fam i11' ) c er t ain s iz es being de s i g nated, wo uld be a ccept ed. The s ec ur ing of t his l u m ber rvas ind ee d a labor ious r v or k , as in adc lit io n t o the f elling of the trees in t he f or es t , t he heav y l o g s must be d r:rgg ed to t he ner r es t t r ail lly t he ai d o f carabao s or dra ft bu iloc k s , t hen loac led on bull- ca r t s and t ran sp orte d to tolv n ov er alm os t ir npas s able t r a i l s , rvhich r,ve reroa ds in nanie on11' . T' he lim e and s t o n e used were se cu red in a lik e m anner , and t he n a i l s and sp ike s used in t he c ons t r uc t ion r , r ' er eof na t i v e blacksrn ith nra nu fzrc t ur e. A 11 o f th e lu mbe r, and it is a1l har d wood, us e d i n the co nstruction of t his building, lik e t hat in all o t h e r bLrillin gs on the is land bef or e t he ar r iv al of t h e A merica ns, was of loc a1 pr oduc t ion, and u, as la b o r iously sa rve d into b oar ds and ot her nec es s ar y s i z e s by hand . No t o nll' t he m en c f t he is land ans w e r e d the call fo r lab or, but t he \ v om en als o did a s r e a t share of th e man ua l wor k of c ons t r uc t ion. They helpec l with th e mixing of t he m or t ar , and t he ha n d ling of th e ro ck an d lum ber as s ' e1l as n' it h t he p r e parat ion an d co oking of t he f ood f or t he r v or k e r s F'or irt those days lvhen a man \ras employed for any kind of work, he lvas als o s er v ed his m eals , and i t i s sairl b y old reside nt s r . v ho r em ent ber well t he c o n strtrction o f th is bu ilding, t hat t he Spanis h G ov e r r o r and his rvife a ccomp lis hed m uc h by m ingling r nl o n g the rvorkers an d e nc our aging t hen t o gr eat er e f f o r t by their ch armin g p er s onalit ies , f r iendly c on\ ie r s a tions an d th eir assist anc e wit h t he s er r - ins of r ef r e s h ments.

Guam, 60th. LinkIn Chain 0f World's Airports Th e f or m at ion of th e Gu a n r C h l n l e r o f th e N ati o n a l A c r onaut ic A s s o c i l ti o n o f th e -U n i t,c d S ta tes, i s n o t only c v idenc e o f th e p ro g re s s i v e n e s so f thi s l i ttl e o ut pos t of Unc l c S a m ' s d c rn a i n , b u t i t m e hes i b p o s s iblef or t he a s s o c j a ti o n to e s ta b l i s h th e fact th a t, th or c ar e no s h a d o w s o n th e N . A . A ., n o r d oes th e ."un ev en s ot on i ts c h a p tc ts , fo r th e re i s o nc i n Pa l i s, as r v ell ns in G rr:rrn ,n -n col n e i n H o n o l u l u . Th e f ollowing unde r ti re h e a d i n g " Grl a m " i s q u ott,cl fl^ o m the A er onauiic R e v i c n ' : "It is wit h gr eat -p l e a s u rea n tJ p ri c l e th n t \v c r{ , port, re ce i p t of a let t er f r o m th e Gu a m C h a m b e l o f Ccm_ me rce announc ing f o rma ti o n th e re o n J a rru a ry 2, of

95

& chapter of the N abi cnal A eronauti o A ssocialion. The ncrv chaptcr has l ,r,vent1' -fi r,' c chertcr tncnr ber s ani l offi sq1sw i l i be el ecteclas soon as the cha r ier is recei ved. W hat thi s l i ttl e i sl arrtl i n the mi ddle oi the P aci fi c can cl o, can cert.ai nl ;, bc dorre bJ, an) ' comnruni ty i n thc U ni tcC S tatcs tnd al l sho uld bc ul ged to f ol l ow thi ; l eacl."

CULTIVATED VOICE Firstof a series of lectures onthecultivation of thevorce ByMr.Henry A. Nagle \V hab i s meant by a cul ti t' ated voi ce? W hen rxa)' a voi ce be sai d bo be cui ti vated? \\rhat are the di sti ngui shi ng charactel i sti csc, f t he trai ned si nger? The nature of the answ ers to thesequesti ons$, ill dependsomervhatupcl nthe poi nt of ri s11' ,for di ff er ent i ndi vi dual s rvi l l hnve di {ferent standards. l } ut regaldIessof school sand rnel l i ods, thel e are certai n t hings rvhi ch al l rnusi ci ans expect to hear i n the t r ained voi ce. For exampl e; an even scal efroru top to b olt om of the voi ce. N o w eak tones, no depressi onsof pur e l egato a.ndsostenuto. A cl ear, teJl i ng l rsonr nce in every tone. A sympatheti cqual i ty. A nrpl e p ower . P erfecteaseand freedomi n producti on throughout . A perfect sw ei l , that i s, the abi l i ty l o go fron i one pi ani .< si m<to l ful l voi ce and return, on an)- t one in the compass,rvi thout a breal < ,ancl r,r' i thoutsacr if icing the tone qr-rality. The abi l i ty to pronounce di sti nctl y ari d l vi th ease to the top o{ the compass. S uffi ci ent fl exi bi lit y t o rneet al l techni calcl errancl s. A n ear sensi ti r-e1o t he fi nest shadesof i ntonati on, A n arti stj c s6nct pt or musi cal taste o{ l he hi ghest possi hl e r;r' der' . This i. * a bri ef outl i ne of the u' orl < rvhi ch i s expected t o be done as a preprrati on for arti sti c si ngi ng, The st andard i s hi gh but not i rnpossi bl e. H orv thi s w ork is t o be done. The mel hod i { you pJease,i s a .qecouclal'y matter. It i s purel y personal ,and i s sonretl ri n geact r teacherw i l l deci de for hi ni sel f. P eopl e goi ng t o t he sanl epoi nt often go h-ydi fl erent route.q. ' l ' he dc st inati on, not the route, i s the chi ef concern. (B eginning rvi th the next i ssueof the R ecorder N Ir. N aele lvill outl i ne a bri ef courseof study j n voi ce trai ni ng.)

Experiment Agricultural Station Report 0f TheGuam The D i rector of l he Guarn A gri cr:l tural E xper inr ent S tati on annoLrncesrecei pt of the pri ntecl report of t he stati on for 1924. Thi s bool < l etcontai ns much valuabl e nnd i nteresti ng i ntormati on concerni rg the experi nrents carri ed on dri ri ng the year and a copy shoul d be i n the hantl s of al l Guanr fanners w ho ar e i nterested i n more and beti er procl ucti on. Copies may be had gr:rti s by appl yi ng at the X Jxper im ent S tati on.


THE GUAM RECORDER

96

JUI]Y 1926

MEMOIRS OF DON FELIPE DE LA CORTE'S IiLEVEN YtrARS AS GOVERNOR OF GLrAli 1855- r 366 In the nin ete en th c ent ur y , t u, o gov er nor s s t a n d o u t from the re st a s hav ing r v or k ed har d and well f o r t h e ben efit of th e i:lan c l , i. e. , Don Fr anc is c o Ram o n d e \ri11 alo bo s, 18 31 -1t i37; aud Don Filipe X{ ar ia d e 1 a C orte , 1 85 5-1 E66 . Thel' 11, s y gbot h dev ot ed t o t l i e inte rests of the pe ople, and bot h t ir eles s and h o n e s t r,vo rke rs. Don Fr anc is c o I { am on de Villalobo s r , r 'a s sent to Gua ni in 1 828 f r om N{ anila. He r , v asa C a p tain o f artille ry a t t he t im e. h, I ex ic an indepen d e n c e had ju st be en est abli: hed, anc l t he inc uinbeu t g o r . eriro r) Don Jo se c le \ { edinilla t ' Pinec la, hac l a s l i e d instruction s as to t he gov er nm ent al f ut ur e o f t h e N lar ian as, forn erly under t he r , , ic er oy of \ { ex ic o . '| o irrvestig ate co nd itic ns in G uan anc l r epor t ihe s t a t e of affa irs to th e Capt ain G ener al of t he Philip p i n e s He s e e m s t o w as th e ob ject of \ r illalc bos ' v is it . have forrn d rnu ch t o inv es t igat e and niuc h t o co r r e c t , for as a res'.rlt of his report MeCinilla r,r'asrecaiied nnd \-illnln bo s ap point t d gov er nor ir r his plr c e. T h e six Stearsof his incumbencr' \\rere a busy six 5'ears for Gnan He syste m at iz ed t he af f air s of t he Tr ea s u r y . especially the schedule of por t f ees ; he per s o n a i l y crtrp rinra nrlo ,l rt. hr r ilding c f r oads nnd br i d g e s ; n, itb his o\,vn mo ney l- r e huilt a pot t er y ; he o p e n e d the Ata nta no \ralle y f or t he c nlt ur e of r ic e; he s t u d i e d agricu ltura l co nd it ions and t aught t ne plant er s h o n ' to b ette r ih eir crop s . D on Filipe N{a r ia de la Cor t e, a c apt ain o f e n gineers with tire r ank of lient enant c olone1, ca m e t o the isia nd in 18 55 . His gr eat aim n' as t o al l e t 'i a t e tire dire an d pre rralent por r er t l' of t l' r e Cham or r o s . I n i856, in a re po rt t o t he c alr t ain gener : 1l r ega r d i n g econo mic co nd ition s , he s pealis oi ihe pit if ul ha n C - t o mouth existe nce of t he nat iv es ald of t he f ac t t h a t goocl a nd ba d yea rs aliiie t hel' s t ar v ec l f or s om e l r a r t of t he ye ar. His f ir s t pler n n' as t o es t ablis h g r e a t gran arie s irr which s ur plus c r ops r light be s t o r e d . I{ e atte mpte d tn e s t ablis h s ugar nt ak ing as a r e s o u r c e oi th e isla nd , bu t the s oil r v as not of t he r igh t s o r t for the cultu re o f c ane anc l t he ex per im ent f a i l e d . T he 1 1 ye ars of d e 1a Cor r e' s t er m wer e a s uc c e s s i o n of eco no mjc expe r im ent s , lnany of r , i' hic h wer e u s e less exce pt as a less on of t he lim it at ions of t he is l a n d 's pow ers of p rorlUction. As de 1a Cor t e f t ir lls o1f n r r a i n f -

lv rernrrkedin one

"t

h;r tuier r"p.'ri=,

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ii",= ttr"

facrr ltl- of makinq er r or s . " I Tower - er , alt houglr m a n y of h is sche mes a nd m uc h of his wor k s eenr ec l b a r r e n of result, his se rvi c e her e u, as r ot u' it hc ut gr ea t l , 'e n ef it to th e isla rrd. He had t aught t he s pir it o f a g r i culture and had encouragecl effort tou'arc1 a conrpetent an d e co no mic land c ult ur e. He lef t t be n a t i v e s poor , pe rha ps as poor as he f ound t hem , but h e h a d tang ht the m to loo k f or war d and, n' henev eL po s s i b l e , to pro vid e so meth ing agains t a "r ainy f l3; r . " He r,vas re lieved in 1 866, at his o\ v f l r eques t , b v D o n F rancisco Mosco s o y I , ar a. De 1a Cor t e' s M e r n o r i a D escrip tiva de 1 as M ar ianas , publis hed bt ' t he g 1 . n s -

i s h G o r - e r n r n e n t , i s p r o b a b l y t h e b e s t a c c o u n t o f th e se islands ever printed. I n 1 8 5 6 , d u r i n g d c 1 a C o r te 's a d r n i n i s t r a t i o n , s r n a l l p o x \ \ 'a s i r r t r c c l u c e d i n t o th e i sl a n d f r o m M a n i l a , a n d t h e e n s u i n f 1 e p i d e r u i c sl r .e p t away more than half the population.-Tle l :l a n d ,,f Guam. Tn.qNsr,aloR's

NorE

T h i s i s a t r a n s l a t i o n f r o r n a S p a n i s l i m a n l :sc r i l , r t c o p i e d {r o r l t h e o r i g i n a l i e p o r t o f D cn I r e l i p e d e 1 a C o r t e , G o v e r n o r o f t h e n , {a r i a n a Isl a n d s f r c m 1 8 5 5 t o 1 8 6 6 . S o f a r a s i s k n c w n th i s manuscript is tbe only one on the Island and is t h e p r o p e r t y o f N f r . P e t e r N e l s o n , e n i p l o ye e o f Experirnent S t a ti o n . the Guam Agricultural T h e t r a n s l a t i o n l v a s m a d e b y N [ r s . H e l e n L . Pa u l , r v i f e o f I , i e u t . - C o m d r . C a r r o l p a u l , ( C E C ) U . S. N a v y , a n d M r . A . T . P e r e z , C h i e f C l e r k to th e Governor. CorrplEln

DEscnrpltroN

oF Tr{E \{[RrAN,A. Isr,'tNn:;

T h e f o l l o r v i n g i s l a n d s c o m p o s e t h e M a r i a n a Ai cL i p e a g o : G u a j a n , R o t a , A g u i g u a n , T i n i a n , Sa i p a n . F a r a l l o n d e N I e d i n i l i a , A n a t a j a n , $ a r i g u a n , F a r a l l cn de Torres, GugLran, Alamagan, Fagan, Agrigan, A s u r c i o n , I J r r a c a s , a n c i F a r a l l o n d e P a j a r c s , n r r l r 'r g 1 6 i n a l l . L e t u s b e g i n f r o m t h e s o u t h e r n e n cl, a td r l e s c r i b e e a c h o n e i n t u r n a s \ \ 'e g o n o r t h . Gr-ayex,

Grrerr oR GuAHAN

I t s N a m e : - E v e r s i n c e i t s d i s c o v e r y , t h e m o st so u th e r l y i s l a n r l o f t h e M a r r 'a n a s h a s b e e r r L n o n n a n d d e signatecl by these three variants c;f the same name, r v i t h o u t a n y o n e o f t h e t h r e e b e c o n r i r g g e n e r a i l .v a cc e p t e d . . . T h e f o r m m o s t u s e d b 1 ' . n a t i v e s a n cl Sp a n iards is "Guaian"-some rvrite it "Gt.,i,han", but in s p e a k i n g t h e ! a s p i r a t e t h e " h '' s o s t r o n g l y th e t i t f o r e i g n e r s : r l u 'a]- s sp e l l s o u n d s j u s t l i k e " j ''- r r h i l e and pronounce it "Guam." T h e n a r n e , " l s l a n c 'l o f S a n J u a n " , g i \ - â&#x201A;Ź n i t o n h i s arrirral by Padre Diego I-tis cte \ r i i o r e s , i s u e r - er -qan used. G e o g r a p h i cP o s i t i o n : - F r o m o b s e r v a i j o n s a n d ca l cr r l r :t i o n s n 'o r k e d o u t o n b o a r d r r a r i o u s u 'a r s h i p s , th e fcl l o w i n g l o n g i t u c l e s , r e c k c n e c i f r c n 'r t h e m e r i cl i e n cf

S an Fernancl oare gi ven: Lat. U matac C hurch Long. Fort S anta C ruz A pra H arbor Lat. I,ong. P oi nt R i ti di an Lat. Long.

130 77' i.510 3'

13t 1500 13o 1500

12" Nor t h 3 2' ' East

25' 5n'' 52' C 0 " 38t.54" 34' 29"

Nor t lr East Nor t ir East

(''franslafcr's Natc:-Tlrse /ongin,,dtscrc nat rrclcnrd fitri ttrt tneridian e,if Green,*-icL, finglnnd, but lral.ab$ J)cn; f'ort ?lrnando, Cadiz, Spain).


I LrLY

t9l6

THE GUAMRECORDER

Are s : - f his is land m e a s n re s f ro m s o u th w e st to n o rti re as t a s c ant 3C mi l e s i n l e n g ti r a n d v a ri es i n rvi d ti r f r om a r ninin :u m o f fo u r mi l e s a t th e c e nter, wh e re A gana is s it ua te d , to e i g h t m i l e s a t th e n orthIts a re a rn a y be e rrr a nd s out hern e x tre n i ti e s . ro n g i rl, v es t inr at eda t 1 8 0 s q u a re m i l e s o r a b o u t 600 sq u i rrek ilom et er s , it n o t b e i n g e a s y to g i v e th e e xact fi g u re s bec lus c of it s i rre g u l a r s h a p e . Co n f igur at ioni- T h eC i ty o f A g a n a , c a p i ta l o f th e Isl a n d a nd of t he pr o rri n c e , i i e s , fa c i n g n o rth e a s t, on th e co as t of a nar r o w i s th m u s rv h i c h c o n n e c ts the n o rth er n and s out he rn h a l v e s o f th e i s l a n d . B oth h a l rre s inc r eas e in w i d th fro m th e i s th mu s to ward th e i r e x t r eur it ies ,t he n o ri h e rn e n d b e i n g o u t s tra i ght a cro ssf r om nor t hn' e s t to .s o u th e a s t,v ' h i l e th e s o uthe rn e n d is r our r ded. Th e longit udinal a x i s o r c e n tra l l i n e o f th e i sl and sta rts f r om t he nor th e a s t, ru n s s o u th w e s i , s cuthso u th wes t , and t hen d i re c tl y s o u th . Oro t e P enins ula,t e rmi n a ti n g i n a p o i n t o f th e same n a me , pr ojec t s t o t h e n o rth e a s t fro m a l i ttl e b el ow th e i st hr nus , while a s rn a 1 li s l a n d , c a i l e d Ap a p a, or Ca b ra s , iy ing eas t a n d w e s t, o tr a l i n e c o n n e c ti ng Oro te point wit h t he s h o rec l i fi s b e h i n d A g a n a ,-b oth o f a b o ut t he s am e e l e v a ti o n -p ro te c ts th e d e e p bay fo rme d in t he angle b e trv e e nth e p e n i n s u l a a n d the ma i n l a nd. Th e nor t her n - *ho reo f C a b ra sIs l a n d , to g e th e rw i th the coast line as far as Agana, makes an approxi ma te ly s t r aight line , a b o u t n i n e mi l e s 1 o n g , faci ng d u e n or t h. Coasts:-'l'he coast line of the islancl is macle up of b a -vs s epar at ec l by b o l d h e a t' l l a n c l sw h o s e v e rti cri cl i ffs ar e ut t er ly uns c a l a b i e ,a n d fa c e c :lb y c o ra l reefs (cxp o s ed at low t it le ) rn o re o r l c s s d i s ta n l ' fro m the b e a ch, wir ic h r lak e, a l o n g a g re a t p a ri o f th c c o rst, rr zcn e of s hallow wa t,e rn a v i g rrb l eb y b o a ts o r o ther si rt:tl lc r r I t . l 'h i s l: elt of s hall o w i v a te r, b l o k e n o n i y b y * ferv p r'<-rj ec t ingpoint s , e x te n d s a l o n g th e w h o l e o f the rro l t,hc oas t , t he wes t c o a s t n n d ti rc s o u t' h e rul i al f of tb e e as t c ols t ; t he o n l l ' p ra rt o f th e i s i n n c lw i tl i o ut i b b e i n g lhat . ent l r if t hc n o rth e l n h a l i w h i c h { ' a c c seast; tl i i s pr r t beir ig bor d e rc c l l r1 ' l r,n a l m o s t c o n t.i nuous cl i ff w: LI l of gr c lr , te, l e v a ti o n , a c ro s s w h i c h , th rough ce rt&in px : r s es .r oug h rrn d rl e n g e rc u sfo o tp a th s i eacl to t rv ilr l s t r : ep s hore , rv l te re ,o n l v i n e rtrc me l l ' rrtre rn o ment s of c illr n, c o rrl d o n e a tte rn p t to l a n d frorn a ci l n o e or lr y t o lar t n c h o n e . l r eatTh e s c s lr or esappe a r rn o s t i n h o s p i ta b l ea ' n cth cn i n g t o t he v ov nge r w h o , rr,i s i n g tb e m fo r th e fi rst ti rn e , s eest hem gua t' c l c rith ro u g h o rtt th e i r l e n g t h by a se ct , hinEbelt of s i l v e r fo a ,m rv h i c h s c e msto warn h i m of f undc . pain o f p c ri s h i n g o n th c re e fs , re veal e d b y t he v er y s ur f th a t c o v e rs ti i e m , Cn s ailing r or t nd ti re i s l a n d i i i c h n l d to b e l i eve th a t i t of f er s : r ny lan d i n g p l n .c cf o r rn n t' i n e rs i n di se it is not , s tm n g e th n l i rr o l c l a s u ' c l l as i n 1 ;re sshenc ; re ce rrt c les er ipt ionso f i t, n ra n y p l a c c s a rtt w rongl S ' cl a ssi f iedas inac c es s i b l e ;o r ttra t, i n d e s p a i r o f an5r b e tte l landing, m en h a v e tri e c l 1 ,od ri v c th e i r b cats i u a ,cr os st he s eemi n g l y c o n ti n u o u s re e fs , o n l y to

97

of goods anr i cr af t rnect < .l eathand utter rl cst.r' l tcti on -l ,l ni ost i n si ght of ti i e channel rvhi ch w oui tl have proved thei r sal va,ti on. S hel terfor S hi ps:-N er.erthel css,the i sl and of Guanr po-cse-qses a nurnber of ports, bays and l andi ng plaees, i ' rot,onl v unusti al l S .advantageous but al so rem ar habl v nLrrnerous,consi deri ngi ts si ze, In the formi ci abl e barri er of the reefs so m any breal < sexi st that i t i s safe to say, pi l ots acqua int eci l vi th the i sl and can ei $' ays fi nd shel ter, no mat t er from w hl t quartel ' the s' i nd may bl ow , or w hat kind cf shi p the3' may have i n charge,provi ded ther e is a suffi ci cntcl el v to take i t i n to the appropri ate h aven. H arbors:-For tri g shi ps, the i sl and has on i ts west coast & beautiftil bay calied Port of Sa,nLuis de Api'a or si mpl y A pra Fl arbor. It al reacl y possesse sgr eat rr& trl ral l dvantages, w hi ch, w i th a l i ttl e de velopment, w oul C rnake of i t a mngni fi cent harbor suit abl e for vessel sof anl r tounagc. Lyi ne near thc mi ddl e of ti i e i sl anri ' s l ength , it is bounci cd on bhe south by Orote peni nsul al on t he east b1' the bul k of the Isl ancl of Guam; on the nor t h by l nother srnal l i sl and cal l ed A papa or C a,bra s;and on the northr' vestby certni n reefs w hi ch proj ect f r om the l vestcrn poi nt of C abras Isl and, i eavi ng bet , ween thei r termi nati on and Orote P oi nt - the encl of t he above-menti oned peni nsul a - a deep cl ean chanr r el hal f a cabl c i n w i dth (about 300 feet). This entra,ncel i es to thc w est of the harbor. The reef proj eci i ng from C abras Isl and i s no t high cnough to form a, conrpl cte defenceagai nst the sea on thc \,vcst cnd northwest,, there being 20 feet or more of w ater at l ow ti dc ovcr much o{ i t, so t hat the heavy srvel l of thersea outsi de sti rmounl s i t , disturbi ng vi ol cnti y the w aters of the pol t (r,vhent he rvi nd i s i n the rvest or northrtest,). A t tbese l i m es a great part of the har,rborbeconles unsa.fe' Thc surface arca of the \4' a1ercontai ned wit hin the hnrbor bouncl ari es i s consi derabl e,measur ing some 2 mi l es from east to w est, by 1 frorn nor t h t r r south. Thi s r,voul dm& ke a magni fi ccnt harbol if it rverc al l cl erLnbcttom and rvcl l protected, bu t besi des exposureto the seasand w i ncl s of the w est ancl i t contn,i ns15 l rrrge shoal s, or ba nlis of northrve-qL, coral , of w i ri ch 13 l i e cl ose together, coveri ng a t hir d nf i ts arca to the ea,st'ti; te tw o l emai ni ng ones being si trratccl ,one al most i n thc center of thc rem nining cl ear space,and the other nea,rerto Orote P eninsula, faci ng the entra,ncechannel cl ose to the poi nt. The herbor i s thus di vi ci cd by i ts shoal s, i nto t wo porti ons sharpl y di ffere.nti n charactel ' i the out er ' i.nnr"t, a,sCalderagrande(big basin) can btr entered at al l ti mes rvi th very l i ttl e ri sk, ei ther thrcug h t he deeo channel cl ose to Orote P oi nt on the w est side of the harbor, or strai ght across tl i e northwest el'n reefs, ti re more tl sual w a-v, & s the prcvai l i ng winds here arc frorn the east. Of the tn'o isolated shoa,ls, orre has tn' en{ v fcet of w ater over i i and the ot her thi i ' teen; thei r beari ngs are w el l marked and a lm ost al w avs cl earl y vi si bl e, rvi th pl enty of room t o get hv. The geographi calsi tuati on of the i sl and heing such that prevai l i ng w i nds are from the fi rst anr l


98

THE GUAM RECORDER

se c ond quadr ant s , i n w h i c h d i re c ti o n s th e h arbor i s we l l pr ot ec t ed, i t fo l l o w s th a t, i n rn o s t c a ses, bhi s o u t er bas in m ay b e c o n s i rl e re ds a fe , a s i t i s onl v d u r ing wes t and n o rth w t' s t s to rrrrs (rv h i c h are exce pt ional) t hat s h i p s a re e x p o s e d to th e w i nds ancl to t he high s easru s h i n g v i o l e n tl y i ri th ro u g h Orote ch annel and ov er th e o u te r re e fs . P ro te c ti o n from th o s e danger s of s to rm y rv e a th e r ma y b e fo und i n th e eas t er n end o f th e l ta rb o r, b e h i n d th e g ro ups of stcep- t o c or ai ban k s rv h i c h ,ttro u g l i s c a tte re d about, l i e in s uc h a m ann e r a s to e n c l o s el a rg e c l e a r spaccs sr.it ablef or ar ic h o ra g e ,o n e i n p a rti c u l a r b e i ng comp l et ely is olat ed a n d d e fe n d e d b y s h o a l sw h i ch stop th e hea. v y s well, i ts mo me n tu m a l re a c l y b ro ken by th o s t nt ggle t o e n te r th e o u te r h a rb o r. It fnl l ow s th a t , as t hc big b a s i n i s u n s a fe o n l y i n e x c e pti onal sto r m s , s r nall us e i s ma d e o f th e l e s s e rb a s i ns, al th o ueh t , his alon e c o u l d h o l d a h n n ri rc d vessel s. 'l 'h e s hips whic h w i n te r h c re a n c h o r o n l v i n thc (smal] bpsin). -"outhsln basin known as Calderachica In spit e of it s nam e 3 9 s a i l i n g s h i p s h a v e b e e n know n to anchor in it at once. (Translator'snote: Sbipsreferred to in tie ifuregoinglaragraphs were undaubtedfu whaling vessels aif a fcw hundredtonsburden). F r om t his anch o ra E eo n e c a n s e ea s h e e t of w ater stret c hinE anot h e r mi l e l n d h e l f to th e s o uth and a b out half a m ile to th e e a s t, b u t a s i t c c v e rs onl y co nt inuous c or al fl a ts , d ry a t l o w ti d e , i t c a n not be considereclas palt of the harbor area, although to si e h t t hat s t r et c h o f w a te r d o u b l e s th e s i z e of ttre wh o le. The P or t of A p ra , u n q u e s ti o n a b i l . 1 h " b e st i n the a rc hipelago, is t h e o n l y o n e u s e d a s s u c h b y vessei s co m ing f r om out si d e . B es idest his har b o r, o n th e rv e s tc o a s t a l s o are ti re small bay s of A g a n a a n d T e p u n g a n , fa c i n g to the n o r t h; of Dade be l o w Oro te Pe n i n s u l a ; o f J a ti i n the so ut her n half of th e i s l a n d ; a n d o f N l e ri z o , p rotected b y a s m all is lend (c a l l e d C o c c s Is l a n d) a t th e sol l the rnnos t point of Gu a rn . On th e s o u th e a s t ccast, th e ba, y sof J ajal' a n a n d o f A c fa y a n , e x p o s e dto the e a s t ; on t he eas t c o a s t, th e b a y s o f In a ra j a n (ni th a ve r y dif ic ult ent r a n c e ), o f T a l o fo fo a n d o f P a go, the l a st t wo uns helt e re dfro m th e e a s t s ' i n t1 . A1 1 these, b y reas or rof t heir s rn a l l e n tra n c e c h a n n e l s , as w el l a s bec au; eof t he p o u n d i n g ma n 5 zo f th e m g et from th e s ur f , ar e s u i ta b l e o n l y fo r c o a s tr,v i s e traffi c i n ca noesor s nall bo a ts . The har bor s of Ag a n a a n d T e p u l g a n a re fhe onl y o n es us ed by lhe i n te ri s l a n d b o a ts - u p to 1 0 0 tons, - whic h c ar r y o n tra d e n ' j th tl re n o rth e rn i sl ends; a n d bef or e t he di s c o v e ry o f A p ra H a rb o r, Meri zo Ba y was f or m er ly th e p o rt o f c a l l fo r v e s s e l sc oni i ng fro m M anila. R oads t eads and B a y s :- Sh i p s m a y a u c h o r, a1so,i n se v er alr oads t ead sa n c lb a y s w i th g o o d b o ti o m al l on th e wes t s ide beca u s e rh e u n p ro te c te d e a s t coast i s e xpos edt o t he pr e v a i l i n g rv i n d s . On e o f th e se open ro ads t eads , s helt e re d fro m n o rth , e a s t a n d south wi n ds , is t o be f .o u n d i n th e m i d d l e o f th e n o rthern h a l f of t he wes t c o a s t, c l o s e to Po i n t F a s o n an from which it takes its name. (Translator'sNote: On many

JULY 1926

,4merican maps af Guam tLh name is given by mistale as I'o/c,'nc ,4nc/torage); from tire point projects a bank of s a n d i n r v h i c h s h i p s o f a n ] ' b u r d e n c a n f in d g o cd holdirrg grountl. F u r t h e r s o u t h , t h e b a 1 's o f T u m o n a n d A g an a e a ch olfer a bottom of frorn twenty to forty fathoms deep, i:u.t as they are exposed from southwest to north, a s e a f r o m t h e s e q u a r t e r s r a i s e s a b i g s u r f , s o th a t i t i s p c s s i b i e t o a n c h o r i n t h e m o n i y w h e n t h e w i n d sta ys in the east; sma1l craft in Agana Bay can find soure p r o t e c t i o n f r o m n o r t h w i n d s b e h i n d O c a p c i n t. S o u t h o f A p r a H a r b o r t h e r t 'h o 1 e c o a s t i s p r o te cte cl f r o m t h e n o r t h N 'i n d s b l ' O r o t e P e n i n s u l a , a n cl b y t h e m a i n b o d y o f t h e i s l a n d f r o r n e a s t a n d so u th winds; since good bottonr is found all aiong here a n c h o r c a n b e d r o p p e d c l u r i n g t h e g r e a t e r p a r t o f th e vear wherever oile 1ikes, lvithout risk. N e v e r ti r e l e ss t h e t h r e e b e s t p l a c e s i n u s e n p t o n o n 'a r e : Ag a t 8 a 1 . , d i r e c t l y b e h i n d O r o t e P e n i n s u l a ; J a ti Ba y, ( u s e d s o m e t i m e s b y t h e g a l l e o n s a t t h e b e g i nn i n g o f o r l r o c c u p a t i o n ) , c o r r e r e d b y a s h a r p p o i n t ca l 1 e d F a c p i ; a n d , 1 a s t 1 y , U m a t a c B a y a l m o s t a t t h e so u th e r n e n d o f t h e i s l a n d , a n d m o r e e x p o s e d t h a n th e f o r e g o i n g o n e s t o w i n d s f r o m t h a t q u a r t e r an cl fr o m I f o w e v e r , a s i t i s f r e e f r o m c o r a l r e e fs, the rrorth. s h i p s n i a l - a n c h o r i n c l o s e t o t h e b e a c h ( o f c l ea n sa n d a n d g r a v e l ) , a n d t h e i r b o a t s c a n g o b a c k a n d fo r th a t a l l h o u r s . M o r e ', - e r , o n e m a y , r v i t h g r e a t e a se a n d promptness, at any time of year, take on very gccd water there, from a little stream r,r'ith a pebble-Lrar at its mouth. F o r t h i s r e a s o n U i r r a t a c B a y w a s a i w a y - s th e p o r t n f o r r i " a l f n r t h p o " l i e O n S f r O m A m e r i 4 a U n ti l th e v c e a s e d c o m i f l g , a n d e v e n 5 , e t a l n t o s t a l l t h e sh i p s w h i c h c a l l a t t h e s e i - s l a n c l s g o t h i t h e r t o ta ke cn r {'a t e r , a l t h o u g i r t o t r a n s a c t a 1 l o t h e r b t i s i n e ss th e y have to anchor in Apra Harbor. L a n d i n g S : - L a s t l y , t h e r e a r e , a l l a r o t r n d t h e i sl a n d , 1 i t t 1 e c h a n n e l s a n d l a n d i n g p l a c e s f o r s r n al l cr a ft, a n d , i n d e e d , a l a r v o f n a t u r e c i e c r e e s t h a t i t ca n r ct be otherrvise o11any coast r,vhere coi-al leefs grow. T h e y b u i l d u p g r a d t l a l l l , i n s a i t n 'a t c r t o lcw ti C e l e v e l , a n d s p r e a d w h e r e r , e r p r c t e c t e d f r c m str cr :g c r l r r e n t s , l v h i c h u s u a l l y p r e v â&#x201A;Ź n t t i r r , m {r c m fcr r r i r g a r o u n d p r o r n i n e n t p o i n t s ; t h e s e , h c u . e v e r , t L e r - scn :e t i m e s g i r d l e n 'i t h a v e r y n a r r o n - s b e l f . T h e s t e e p s e a \ \ 'a r d f a c e s o f t h e s e r e e f s offe r , a s t h e y g r o r v t o w a r d s e a l e v e 1 , g r e a t e r a n c l g r e a te r resistance to the ocean s1lrEie, thus prcdrcilg, to m a r k t h e i r o u t e r e d g e , a c o l r s t a n t l i n e o f b r e a ke r s. The rvaiers thus lifted up are naturally impelled b1' f o l l o w i n g w a v e s o v e r t b i s b a r r i e r , a f t e r u 'h i ch th e - 1 ' f l a t t e n o u t u n t i l t h e y s t r i k e t h e s a n d o f t h e b e a ch . T h e c o n t i n u o u s f l o w o f n 'a t e r o v e r t h e r e e f s , m a i n t a i n s i n t h o s e s h a l i o l v l a g o o n s b e t u 'e en t h e br e a l i e r s a n d t h e s h o r e , a h i g h e r r v a t e r l e v e 1 t 1 : a n t - ha t o f th e sea oLltsicle. In ail these bays the points of land jut o u t o b l i q u e l y t o t h e c o r l r s e o f t h e i n c o n r i n g s r ,ve l l sso t h a t t r v o s h o t e c u r r e n t s d e v e l o p , r n n n i r g fr cm th e e x t r e m e s o r p o i n t s t o i , v a r d s t h e c e n t e r r n 'he r e th e v m e e t a n d f o r m a s t r o n g e d d y r v i t h a f i n a 1 e x i t to se a (Continued on pase 108)


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THE GUAM RECORDEK

lurrY 1926

U. S. NAVY RADIO

tlrro years of every four years eniistment, be spent at

Whatthe UnitedStatesNavalCommunication Service A t the expi rati on of one year, he * " y b" exa m ined offersthecommercial operator ortheraCio amateur. for the next higher rating. When he has held the T he U. S. Na va l Cor nm unic at ioir Ser v ic e o f i e r s abcut the mo .;t in ter es t r ng s er r , - ic ein t he $3y y , a s i t embrrces all rne tho ds and m eans of c or nm unic at i o n in this d ay of mo de rn applianc es and inv ent ions . It also p ermits the p er s onnel t he oppor t unit y of no r l d rvide tr;vel, mo re s o t han any ot her br anc b of t h e service. It lvo uld u' el1 pay t he c om r ner c ial s h i p op:rrato r a nd th ose e ngaged in land r v ir e lr , or k in c i v i l life, to lo ok in to th e pos s ibilit ies of f er ed t hem in t h e na-,' al service in this f as c inat ing line of r , v or k . T h i s is the d ay of sp ecializ at ion anr l t he m an r . v ho c o m e s irrt o the service a s a qualif ied oper at or , or as a lan d s rnan for ra dio , rvill e njoy his wor k wit h t he s et s a n d inventio ns of the lat es t t y pe. Com m unic at ion i s a branch th at th e Unit ec l St at es 5a1r y is depend e n t npon, a nd the pe rso nnel of t his br anc h enjoy p r i v ileges, qu arte rs an d adv anc em ent s ec ond t o none i n the enliste d pe rso nn el of t he Na\ : y . ' lhe

N.rvy main tains r adio s t at ions all ov er t h e rv.rrld, an d e ve r.,' en t er pr is ing am at eur at s om e t i m e or ot he r h as e nte rtained him s elf by lis t ening in o u the high po were d ra dio s t at ions s c at t er ed along t h e coasts. Th e Na vy iand s t at ions ar e indis pens a b l e factors to the efficiency of r,r'orld communication, and the rnr jcrity o f the m ac c ept public c or nm er c ial b u s i ness a nd assist the pr es s of t he c ount r y t c r en d e r efficient news service by handling business for the Associated and llniversal News Sert'ice from all over the glob e. F or th e ama teu r, t he y oung m an int er es t e d i n radio, rvith at least a grammar school education, the Navy ofiers a very interesting life with good pa1', travel, ad va nceme nt, c lean s por t s and as s oc ia t e s . T he a mate ur ma y e nlis t as lands m an f or r adio a n d af t er his pe riod of tr aining is c om plet ed, and a b r i e f exanin atio n in sp elling, wr it ing and t ec hnic s h e start s in sch oo l, a nd r ' v hile at t ending, he r ec e i v e s $36. 00 a mon th, p lus his boar d, lodging, and am u s e ments. Wh en h e is able t o c opy at t he r at e of t r ,v e l v e rvords a min ute he is s ent t o t he Radio Sc hoo l a t Great l,akes, Ili. u, her e he c onr plet es his c ou r s e , rvhich is o{ trvelve v;eeks duration. Aftei- successfu1ly pa ssing th e final ex am inaiions he is r a t e d R adio ma n third cla s s , at t he r at e of s ix t v dolla r s a rrronth , he is the n readv f or dr r t y O f hi* f our I'e a r s enlistme nt he spe nd s t r nr oof t hem on s hor e dut v a t a land statio n. A c omme rcia l op er at or holding a lic ens e o r a n amateur sirccessfu lly pas s ing t he ex am inat ion f o r a license b efo re a pp lf ing f or enlis t m ent , m ay enlist i n the Na rry as Ra dio m an t hir d c las s , and he r v i1 l r e ceive sixtl' do llars a m ont h f r c nr t he day of h i s enlistme nt. Afte r his s hor t per ioc l of t r aining a r : d detention is corn ple t ec i, a m at t er of t hr ee f l' eek s , h e is readv for clu ty e ither on a bat t le s hip or des t r o y e r in t he flee t, o r at a land s r at ion in t he Unit ed St a t e s , I{ arvaii, Gu am or the Philippine f s lands , or he m a 1 , b'-: sent to Alaska for tr,r'o )'ears. It is essential that

rating of Radioman first class for a period of one year, he may receive the rating of Chief Radiornan w i th an acti ng appoi ntment, w hi ch at the e nd of another year he i s el i gi bl e for a permanent ap point ment. The next advancement i s that of W a r r ant R adi o E l ectri ci an from u' hi ch l ank he advanc es t o a C hi ef W arrant Offi cer, ranki ng w i th but aft er an E nsi gn. A fter recei vi ng the appoi ntment of R adi o Gunner , or C hi ef W ar;ant Offi cer and i f he i s under th e age of thi rty-fi ve yeal s, he i s el i gi bl e for exarni nat ion f or U pon reaching t he a ful i commi ssi on i n the N avy. age of si xty-{ our years, he i s reti red upon t hr eequarters of hi s pay. P,qv Tesr.r,

Rapro Bnawcs oF THE New

R adi oman, 3rd. C 1ass, R adi oman,2d. C l ass.

$60.00 per mont h fi72.00 per month

R adi oman, 1st. C i ass,

$84.00per mont h

C hi ef R adi oman, A cti ng A ppoi ntment

$99.00 per m ont h

C hi ef R adi oman, P ermanent A ppoi ntment

fi 126.00per m ont h R adi o E l ectri ci an, W arrant R ank $1500,to $2400per year . C hi ef R adi o E l ectri ci an $2250,to $2800 per y ear . .

GOVERNORS OFGUAM SPANISH F' rom L66B to 1898, at the ti me of the A me r ican occupation, sonre sixty governors and acting governors from S pai n, admi ni steredthe afi ai rs of thi s lit t le i si and. D uri ng these tw o hundred and thi rty year s, i t i s i nteresti ng to note the l ength of ti me that som e of these governors remai ned i n Guam. W e fi nd that fi ve remai ned 1 year, tw el ve 2 year s, four 3 years, ei ght 4 years, ei ght 5 years, si x 6 year s, tw o 7 years, tw o 8 years, one 9 years, tw o 10 year s, and tw o 11 years. W hen the condi ti ons of lif e in those early years are considered,it is remarkable hor,v these offrcersof the Spanish army ard navy rnanaged to exi st for l ong terms of duty here. In thi s d ay of modern conveni encesof w hi ch Guam can b oast a good share,i t i s not cl eemedadvi sabl eto keep s er lice personnel i n Guam l onger than ei ghteen mont hs or i oooy" r,rs, and duri ng thi s peri od i t i s thought n ecessary that they spend a month or two vacation aq'ay from the i sl and to recl l peratethei r heal th. If t hose l vho compl ai n of thei r forced soj ourn here, would onl y stop and thi nk, and try to pl ace themse lvesin the position of the Spanish officials rvho lived in Guam before the Ameri.can occupation, they r,vould appreci atemuch mcre al l the i mprovements, conveni ences, and l uxuri es w hi ch l ve enj oy today.


100

THE GUAM RECORDER FIFTH OFJULY SPORTS

Com nr enc inga t 8 :3 0 a .n ). o n M o n d ry , 5 J u l y, 1926, a pr ogr am of ou td o o r s p o rts c o n s i s ti n go f the events a s enunler at edb e l o w rv i l l b e h e .l do n b h ep l a za:1. B ic y c le Rac e -O p e n to a l l $ 3 .0 0 $ 2 .0 0 $1.00 2. tsicycle RaceUnder 1 4 y e a rs o J d .50 $ 2 .0 0 $ 1 .0 0 3. 50 Y alds Drs h B oy s und e r 1 2 y e a rs .50 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .0 0 -1 . 100 Y r Lr dsD a s h B oy s i 2 -1 6 y e a ,rs $ 2 .0 0 $ 1 .5 0 $1.00 r 100 Y ar ds D a s h M en 16 y e a rs o r o v e r $ 3 .0 0 $ 2 .0 0 $1.00 o. 50 Yards l)a-*hG ir ls und e r 1 2 y e a rs .50 $ 1 .5 t) $ 1 .0 0 7. 3-Legged RaceB oy s und e r 1 6 y e a rs $ 3 .0 0 $ 2 .0 0 $1.00 a 3-Leggerl RaceG ir ls uncl e r 1 2 y e a rs $ 3 .0 0 $ 2 .0 0 $1.00 9 . W heel- bar ro l ' R a c e B oy s und e r 1 6 y e a rs $ 3 .0 0 $ 1 .5 0 1 0 . P ot at o Rac e .50 G irl s (6 e a c h ) $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .0 0 1 1 . S c hool Rela y R a c e B oy s unde r l 3 y e a rs o l d $ 4 .0 0 $ 2 .0 0 1 2 . T ug- of - W arB oy s ( H. S . v s . fn te rm .) $ i 0 .0 0 1 3 . T r ee Clim bi n g R a c e M en f r om 1 6 y e a rs u p $ 3 .0 0 $ 2 .0 C $1.00 1 4 . Car abaoRac e Op e rrto a l l $ 5 .0 0 $ 3 .0 0 $1.00 1 5 . B uli Rac e Op e n to a l l $ 5 .0 0 $ 3 .0 0 $1.00 T he f ollowing w i l J a c t a s o ffi c i rrl s :T , ieut enantJ. C . H e c k , U S .N ., In -C h a rge, a-ssi s t ec lby Nfr . J os e P . C ru z , l { r. J u a rr M u n a a nd } ,Ir. I'Ianuel O . Lujan . JU DG E S :

N{ r . R , C . G i b s o n , N Ir. V. I. tr ' rauquez and Mr. F ra n k L . Gu e rre ro .

S T A RT E R: 'f hos ewho wis h to c o n te s t i n th e s e e v e n tsrn ustsubi n i t t heir nam es p ri o r to 2 J u l y , 1 9 2 6 , to N Ir. Jose P . Oru z at t he Depa rtrn e n lo f In d u s tri e s . On l y nati ves o f G r r am r v ill be a c c e p te cfo l r e n tl i e s . S hould t he numb e r o f e n tri e s i n e v e n ts 3 , 4 , 5 and 6 e x c eed8, ev ent w i l l b e ru n i n h e n ts . T h e fi rst and se c ondof eac h he a t ru n n i n g i u th e l i n a .l. E V E NT 14 and 1 5 : If th e re a l e mo re th an 6 entri es , t hes e ev ent s w i l l b e ru n i n h e a ts . T hr ee pr iz es w i l l b e g i v e n o n l y i n th o s e events whioh hav e 6 entri e s o r mo re . X i V EN T N o . 1 B ic y c l e R a c e- Op e n to Al l . RA CE CO URS E : S ta rt fro m Pi g o B ri d ge dow n Ag ana- P it i Road, L e g a s p i S tre e t, th e n c e Sa n J uan de Letran with finish at PazosStreet. E VE N T N o . 2 B ic y c le R a c e- U n d e r 1 4 Y e a rs Ol d . RA CE CO URS E: Sta rt a t A n i g u a S c h ool l rouse, tb e nc e down Leg a s p i S tre e t, S a n J u a n d e L e tr an w i th finish at PazosStreet.

JULV 1925

EVENT No. 3 50 Yards Dash - Boys under 12 Years. E V E N T N o. 4 100 Yarcis Dash - Boys 12-16 Years E V E N T N o. 5 100 Yards Dash - NIen 16 Years or Over E V E N T N o. 6 50 Yarcls Dnsh - Girls uncler 12 Years. E V E N T N o. 7 3-Legged Race - Boys uncler 16 Years. E V E N T N o. 8 3-LeggedR ace - Gi rl s under i 2 Y ears. D V E N T N o. I W heel -barrowR ace - B oys under 16 Year s. C ontestantsi vi l i be pai red off, and frorn the st ar t ing poi nt, N o. 1 w i l l keep hi s hands on the gro und, No. 2 hol di ng N o. I by the i egs. W hen the half - way poi nt i s reached,N o. l and N o.2 w i l l chan ge places, i .e. N o. 1 w i l l hol d the feet of N o. 2. Judges will di squal i fy those contestants u,ho fai l dow n or f ail t o keep thei r hands on the ground, carryi ng their r veight . Fi V E N T N o, 10 P otato R ace - Gi rl s (6 each) B < l xesw i l l be provi ded at the starti ng p oint and rvoodenbl ocks w i l l be ri sedi n pl ace of potat oes. Six rvoodenbl ocks w i l l be spacedevery three y ar ds f r om the starti ng poi nt. B l ocks w i i l be pi cked up one at a ti me and pl aced i nto the box. They may be picked up i n any order. W i nner w i l l be the contest antwho fi rst h:l s al i si x bl ocks i n the box ai the starting point E V E N T N o. 11 S chool R ei ay R ace - U nder 13 Y ears O ld. E ach team w i l l corrsi stof four (4) nrember s. St ar t i ng poi ni w i l l be on P azosS treet w est si de o{ t he Plaza abreasbband stnnd. ' l eanrs rvi l l draw for posit ions. N o. 1 of each team rvi l l be prori ded rvit h a st ick w hi ch must be del i vered to N o. 2, w ho i n t ur n will del i ver tl re,qti cl <to N o. 3. etc. N o.2 of each t eam rvi l l take posi ti on on a l i ne i n the ni i cl dl e of t he sout h si de of the pl aza. N o. 3 on a l i ne i n the ro ad on t he mi ddl e of the south si de of the pl aza and No. 4 r vill Iorm on a l i ne i n the rni ddl e of the north side of t he pl az:r. A l l contestantsw i l l keep on the ro ad and if sti cl <i s dropped, i t must be pi cftedup beforecont inui ng the race. E V E N T N o. 12 Tug-of-W ar - H i gh S choolvs. fntermediat e. E ach tearn q' i l l consi stof l 0 w ho w i l l be dist r ibut ed on each end of the rope so that there w i l l be n space of 20 feet betw eenthe contesti ngteams. A l l m em ber s of the tearns rvill be l,.are-footed. A mark rvill be pl aced i n the center of tbe rope cl rd the t eam t hat pul l s the other team a di stance c,f 20 feet will be decl aredthe w i nner. E V IX N T N o. 13 Tree Climbing Race - I\{en fronr 16 Years up. A pl acard w i th a number on i t w i l l be p laced on certai n coconut trees about the pl aza. C o nt est ant s w i l l form i n the center of the pl aza approxim at ely equi di stant from the treesthabhave the si gn s. Bef or e l the race, each contestantr,r' i l draw a nnnrbe r . At t he


THE GUAM RECORDER

JV}4v t926

o o mn land " G O t ' , e a c h c o n te s ta n tw i l l g o to th e tree b e a ri n g t he num be r h e h a s d ra w n , c l i m b th e tree, pick one coconut, slide down the tree, and then return to rhe center of the plaza. Coconuts need not be kept' i n th e hands while sl i d i n g d o u ' n th e tre e . E VE N T N o . 1 4 Carabao Race - Open to All. Coursewill be once around the plaza starting at bhe grand stand. Any rider clisnrountedor dismounting will be disqualified. E VE N T N o . 1 5 Bull Race- Open to AI1. Sa m e as E V E NT N o . 1 4 .

JU N E TE NNIS TOURNA ME NT Th e J une T enn i s T o u rn a me n t - Ge n tl e m en' s Do u bles - s t ar t ed o ff w i th e i g h t' p a i rs o f p l a y ers i n In the next round there were the preliminaries four couples left: Messrs.Brice & I,ewis, Merrill & Ri ch a r ds , M c Dona l d & Mc D o n a l d a n d Il u n te r & Kealy. After these had played off, only Messrs.Lern'is & tsrice, and Hunter & Kealy \,vere ieft for the se mi - f inals . K ealy a n d H u n te r d e fe a te d L e w i s & Bri ce. X { r . K ealy a n d r\[r. H u n te r th e n p l a y ed for the championship lvhich lvas one of the har<iest fo u g h t gam es s een fo r s o m eti me o n th e te n n i s c ourts o f Gu am , F iv e gam e s w e re n e c e s s a ryto d e c i d ervho would be victor, Mr. Kealy finaily wining from illr. Hu n ter . T he s c or e w a s 1 -6 , 8 -2 , 4 -6 , 7 -5 a n d 11-9.

Men'sDoubles Tournament Tennis Brice & Lewis

Durham & Hyland

Brice& Lewis 4-6,6-2,6-4

Lewis& Brice Longobardi & Hemsworth 6-2,3.6,6.3 Merrill& Richards Merrill& Richards 3-6,6-2,6.3

Kealy& Hunter l- 6 ,8 - 2 ,4 - 6 ,7-5,11'9 McDonald & McDonald McDonald 6.4,2-6,6-l & McDonald Hu n te& r Ke a ly Hunter& Kealy 5-7,7-5,6-4 Hunter& Kealy Mayhevv 6-2,3-6,6-2 & Chandler V iall& S m a l l

SOCIAL DOINGS IN GUAM Go ver nor and M rs . L . S. S h a p l e y h a v e p resi ded at series a of delightfrrl affairs held at the Palace d u ri ng J une. T he mo s t i mp o rta n t o f th e s e soci al fu n ctions was a din n e r p a rty g i v e n J u n e 2 6 i n honor of members of the congressiona.lparty who arrived a b o a r d t he U. S " S . C h a u mo n t. Th e dinner was e s p e c i a l l y i n te re s ti n g to l he honored guests due to the fact that all dishes served we re c om pos edof n a ti v e fru i ts , v e g e ta b l e sa n d nuts. During the evening a musical proglam was given b y th e s bat ion band . C o ver s wer e laid fo r: C o n g re s s ma n a n d M rs. Ste war t A ppleby , Mrs . W . H . B ro w n , D r. E. C . Sta rkes , M r s . J . H , Pra tt, M rs . E. C . Be a l l , Mr. Mo rri s on, M is s V ivi a n Ve s ta l , L i e u t.-C o m d r. H .C . Fi sch er , M is s Cor in n e T i n c h e r, L i e u t. R .J .M u m f ord, Mi ss G . S hallenberg e r, C a p t. W. E. Me C a u g h try,

101

Mi ss R ow ena P ratt, Mi ss R uth Layhee, Li eut ' A. H. Fri eke, Governor and Mrs. L. S . S hapl ey, L ieut . C omdr. and Mrs. J.K . R i chards, C ol . and Mrs. G . C. R ei d, Mi ss E l i zabeth S hapl ey, C apt. J. H . Blackburn, C hapl ai n and Mrs. W . R . H al l , C apt. R. B. Price and ilIr. Mordon Brown. At luncheon ihe sarne day l\{r's. Shapiey was hostesst,o Mrs. J.H . P ratt, Mi ss R ow ena P ratt , M iss G. S hal l enberger, l l i ss R uth Layhee, Mi ss Vivian V es[al , Mi ss C ori nne Ti ncher, Mrs. W . H . Br own, Mrs. E . C . B eal l , and Mi ss E l i za,bel ,hS hapl cy. The l uncheon w as served at the A gana K i tchen. The pi cturesque S t. Mary' s C athedral at Agana w as the sceneof the most i nteresti ng soci alfunct ion of the month w hen Mi ss Margaret E l eaner Beal, daughter of Mr. ancl Mrs. C harl esB eal of P asadena, C al i f ., became the bri de of S el don F. S mi th o f Palo A l tr; C al i f., June 29. The servi ces w ere read by P adre R oman at 5:30 o' cl ock. The bride wore a gown of embroidered chiffon w i th a bri dal vei l of Tul l e, and carri ecl a shor ver bouquet of nati ve fl ow ers. S he w as attend ed by Mi ss Genevi eve C . B ror,vn as mai cl of hono r and. Dur ing l i ttl e Mi ss Mari e W al l ace as Fi ow el gi rl . the past ni ne months the bl i ci e has been a n r it 'scin the naval servi ce stati oned at i he hospi i al i n Agana. Mr. S mi t,h, w ho i s i n the cabl e servi ce rvi th hcadquarters at S uma,y, r.' ' rs attencl ed by N 4r. Luke H emsw brth. Fol l ow i ng the cercmony r l arge w eti ri i r:g supper w as gi ven by the nurses at the A gana hospit al under the di recti orr of Mi ss S ue D au" " er. C or-e ls wer e l ai d for 26 guests. The congratul ati ons of the navy and nrrri n e per sonncl of Guam rntl those ernpl ol ' erl at the cable stati on at S umay w erc cxtended to the bri dal couple at a recepti on hel d the same eveni ng at, th c Elk- q C l ub. Mr. and Mrs. S mi th are now at homc to f r iends at S umay. C ol . and Mrs. G. C . R ei d entertai ned w i th a dinner party June 25 at thei r resi dencefor Governor and M r s. L. S . S hapl ey, C ongressmanand Mrs. S tew art Appleby, Li eut. R osecransand Li eur. P oor. NIiss Elizabeth Shapley, daughter of Governor and Mrs. S hapl ey, w ho arri ved aboard the U . S. S. C haumonl from B erkel eyC al i f., w as hostessat dinner to the younger membersof the congressi onalpar t y June 25. Eler guests rvere Nliss G. Shallenberger, Miss. Vivian Vestal, Miss Ruth Layhee, NIiss Rowena P ratt, Mi ss C ori nne Ti ncher, and Li eut. and M r s. R. S . V i al l . The vi si tors w ere j oi ned after the dinner by D r. D unbel d, C apt, P ri ce, E nsi gn H enry Br ian, Li eut. K enneth B ri mmer, Mordon B row n, and Dr . R . A ski n. A moonl i ght sw i mrni ng party at Tum on Beach closed the entertainment for the evening. The Guam Teachers' Association gave an entertainment at the Service Club Saturday evening, June 19, in honor of two of its members, Miss Cynthia Johnston and Mr. Antonio Cruz, who were to leave (Please turn to page 113)


102

THE GUAM RECORDER

JVI.Y 1926

THE INSULARPATROL (A BriefBiography) r takeTy penin hantl.because M.wri*hr,1ilil.b".,

e do. I've n- ot hing. e. l sto 4 n d if - y ou' ll bea r w i th m e a w h i l e I'l l t ell y ou a t h-i n go r tw o . Ab or r t a f ot c e of me n th rt' s e n l l c tl The I ns ular P at r o l Al l s et ? Let s go;- S ta n d b y a s e c , An d I will c all t h e ro l l . Fi rs t on t he lis t i s S a l z rn a n . Het s r Cept ain o f Ma ri n e s . He' s t he Chief t ai n o f th i s b a n d o f our s An d y ou k r iow r , v h a tth a t me a rrs . Dwir e, as A s s is t a n t C h i e f Ma k es us s t ep wi d e a n d fa s t. He m ay not k now o u l fu tu re Bu t bo1' lr e k r r ow s o u r p rs t.

Anderson, a reliantchap.

Is a ma n that' s hard to bea' r,. S ays thi s i s the l and of l otus Y o u ' l l k now hi rn w hen you seehi m,' Looki H e' s n' out i n B a,rri dacl a, ts y h i s voi ce ancl by hi s-feet. for ' ' A spi cri otus." S i l e n t J o hn K uhar, onl" ",l T h e b o y w i th the voi ce cf b" Is th e i rlol of the l adi es, A t l e a s t so I' ve been tol cl .

McN utt has qui te a probl em On hi s l rands orr1,Y ona w ay. It' s how to hl ntl l e the traffic That goes by there every da y.

mosrresembres, Gadde

bov, 83fll-u: l*.:?'f,J;:recr

He's quite fuuorii" 3.i that way, A!ie,long drink of 'vater.. II_q'salwaysdoingsomet.!iog. " him ,.amigo." The girls call Which he knowshc hndn't ouchter. D y e r i s a hard-boi l ed bi rd. A g o o d man to cul ti vate. If a fe l l o w got i n troubl e H e ' d b e a good runni ng mate.

The P atrol man i n P i ti , Is a lad called Albert Karp. You can tell by the way he spells his name, That he certai nl y i sn' t a " h ar pt '.

Galr igan is t he W a rd e n . Fo r s hor t we c ail h i m " G a rrv " They have a special g.arreyai,l T h e y s a v that George McManni ss P atrol man George fI' om A ga t , 'Ih e r c in his dead to b u ry , fs a fol ceful sort of " B ozo" . Is a " l a c lthat' s rathe" rshv. If the " H ombres" get gay wit h him B u t d o n' t l et that vou Th e c hap I ' r n no w a b o u t " .rcori rase H e socks them on the " nozo". guy. T o m o n k ey w i th that To int r oduc e t o yo u , Is t he S enit ar y I n s p e c to r, Ll oyd S pi ce i s the P atrol man, Cor por . r , lNewm a n , tr.i c d a n d tru e . W a g n e ss says hi s w ri ti l g That rul es i n S umay tow n. Is i rn p ro vi ng day by day. Ki ns i is our s pecd s s p , ., H ets becn i n the " hal uni 1a no" Si g n i n ' " chi ts" w i th pen and pencl l , A c heer y lad and c h i p p e r. S i nce " S i l 1i ng B ul l " sat down. When he is n' t c ha s i n g s p e e c l s te rs , J u s t to pass the ti me aw ay. Why he' s c hauf f e u ri n ' fo rth e s k i p p e r. Y ou' l l fi nd Ti ttl e i n N {eri zo , L e i s c h m anhei Jsfrom U tah. The boy w i th the curl y hai r. Ba llet t i is t he " B a b e R u th " N o w p l e asedon' t l augh out l oud. H e' s the real , ori gi nal answ er Of our bas eb: r , llt e n rn . a n c l w h e n If h e s ta ys here much l onger To the N { ai den' s w i stful D l aver . He is n' t t alk ing b a s e b a l l , H e ' l l b e w eari ng of a shrond. Why he' s t alk ing ' b o u t s o m e w re n . K ei g i s i n Inaraj an, H ets the authnr of thi s sprsm . Sta nf or d is o f ell o w T h o ma s out i n D ededo, On l eadi ng i t ovel don' t' 1' o r r t hir r l< Of m : r " nyv ir t ues , a n d S a y s th i s pl nee gr.ts hi s nanny. H e' d better hunt n chasnr. H i s v ic es f ew, we w ri te u p o n Bu t ma ybe he' s onl v ki ddi ng us, Th e ev er - s hif t inE s a n d . W e l l , s o i s yorrr A unt FannS r. R" D. Keig

Insular PatrolNews . The Sumay Patrol reports the rediscovery of five l a rg e c av es by C a p ta i n C h e a th a m, U .S. M . C ., at Ti p alao, dis t r ic t o f Su ma y . O n e o f th e s e e a vcs conta i ns an p o o l o f re i n v i g orati ng - ex c ellc n t s w i n rm i n g co ol f r es h wat er a p p ro x i ma te l y 7 5 fe e t l o n g bv from 1 0 t o 30 f eet deep . T h t-.i \{ a ri n e ss ta ti o n e d a t S rrmay h a v e been enjoy i n g s w i m m i n g a n d e x p l o ra ti on parti e s t o t hes e i. av e ,qa, n d a d v i s e a n y o n e c o n te mpl ati ng a vis it t o T ipalao , fo r th e p u rp o s e o f e n j o y i ng an a fte r noon' s r ec r ea ti o ni n s w i mmi n g o r e x p l o ri ng these u n der gr ound c av e rn s ,w h i c h a re o n l y fi fte e n m i nutes wa ,lk f r om S nm ay, to p ro v i c l e th e ms e l v c sw i t h sui ta b le light s f or t he p u rp o s e . P it i, T ipunganan C As a n D i s tri c ts :- p a tro l m a n A l berr Karp, lvho is in charge of the Patrol activities of the a b ov e dis t r ic t s , f o rw a rd s th e fo l l o w i n g n e w s i tems: Th e abov e dis t r ic ts h a v e th e d i s ti n c ti o n o f b e i ne the

l argest ri ce grow i ng secti ons of the i sl and, and t he tw o l eadi ng ri ce farruersare Ti burci o A . S ant os, and Fel i x C . Quenga. The census data of the di stri cts has recent ly been compi l ed. The marri agesof Mi ss A ntoni a C . Q uenga to P edro S antos, ancl l \4i ss A na A . C ruz to . Vicenie S . N . Quenga l vi tl .r al i tl ' re festi vi ti es, n' hi c h' at t end such affai rsr w ere promi nent i n the soci al act ivit ies of the di stri cts. The P ubl i c B ath H ouses of t he l ocal i ty have been temporari l y cl osed due t o t he shortage of n' ater causedby the extendeddr- v season. D ededo:- The second secti on of the " MangilaoMaga road" has been compl eted. and the q'idening, gradi ng anci surfaci ng i s reported as fi rst cl assn- or kmanshi p. Mr. fgnac1o S antos, the contrn ct or f or this extentio.n u'ork has started u'ork on the third secti on w hi ch extendsto P ago, and upon the com pletion of this section accessby a good road will be had to a very ferti l e and producti ve secti on of th e island.


IULY 1926

THE GUAM RECORDEIT

In a r ajan: - P at r olma n R . D . Ke i g , re p o rts th at the people of his district are anxiousiy au'aiting for the ru n of " A t u1ai" , a fi s h u s u a l l y e n te ri n g th e In a raj an h a rb or about t his ti me o f th e y e a r, a n d w h i c h are ca u g ht in lar ge qua n ti ti e s b y d ra g n e ts . L a s t year so me t hing ov er 30 ,0 0 0 o f th e s e fi s h w e re c a u ght i n o n e h au1. Rec ent l y a l a rg e " G a d a o " , r' re i g h i ng417 p o u n ds and ov er se v e n fe e t i rr l e n g th , w a s s p eared near the Talofofo i3ay. Very few of these fish are ca u g ht by t he nat ive fi s h e rme na s th e y a re a C e epsea fi sh , and c an only b e ta k e n w i th s p e a r o r h a rpoon. Dur ing t he m out h o f J u n e , I,i e u t.-C o m d r. H . C . Fi sch er , Chief of I n d u s tri e s , v i s i te d th e d i s tri ct acco mp anieCby M r . F ra n c i s c oT a i ta n o , a n d N Ir. Jose Bi ta n ga. T he pa rty tra v e l e d o v e rl a n d fro m A gat a n d r et ur ned by wa y o f T a l o fo fo ma k i 4 g a n i n spec: ti o n of t he v ar ions d i s tri c ts ; L i e u t. H . A . Stani ey, U. S. N , A s s is t ant C h i e f o f In d u s tri e s , a l s o v isi ted th e d is t r ic t dur ing t h e p a s t mo n th fo r th e p u rp o se' of i n sp ec t ing t he I nar a j a n -M e ri z o ro a c la n d w a te r supp1y system. Th e long- hoped fo r ro a d fro m In a ra j a n to Yl i g, i f co n st r uc t ed,wiil op e n u p th e w o n d e rfu l l l zfe rti l e and p ro d uc t iv e dis t r ic t s o f M a l o i o a n d T a l o fo fo , a nd the fa rme r s of t hes e loc a l i ti e s u ' i 1 1b e e n a b l e dto s u ppl y the great demand for fresir vegetables and other p ro d uc t s . A c ons ider ablep o rti o n o f l a n d i n th e v i c i n i ty of In a ra jan is being s e t o u t i n s w ' e e tp o ta to e sth i s year in addition to the various other crops, but there is little encouragementfor the farmers to produce much mo re t han is ac t u a l l y re q u i re d fo r th e i r o w n r1se, Th e s hipm ent . of ve g e ta b l e se tc ., to th e A g a n a nrarkets, rvhich must be reached via Nlerizo and thence by boat to Piti and by truck to Agana, is oiten a very u n p rof it able v ent r lre . In a d d i ti o n to th e l o s so f ti me and the diffiqulties the farmer must enconnter in g e tting his pr oduce to n ra rk e t, mu c h o f h i s l a bor i s l o st, and he hes it a te si n p l a n ti n g m o re th a n c an be d i sp os edof in his o w n d i s tri c t. Me r iz o- Um at ac t -Pa tro l m a nR o l l i e R . ' fi ttl e , of the districts of l\'Ierizo,and Umatac, statesthat the latest ce n s us s hows t hat h i s s e c ti o n o f th e i s l a n d i s i nhabi te d by one t hous a n c ln a ti v e C h a mo rro s ,o n e A meri ca n negr o. one S pa n i a rd , a n d th re e j a p a n e s e . Thel ' are occupied as farmers, barbers, taxi-drivers, tllerch a n t s , and f is her m e n . T h e fa rme rs a re b u s i l y eng a g e d in plant ing th e i r c o rn , th re e c ro p s o f corn b e i n g har v es t ed las t y e a r. i U r. J o s e F . Pe rez has co mp let edt he build i n g o f h i s n e rv h o m e a n d the remo Celingof his c op ra s to ra g e s p a c e . f{ e e x p ects a l a rg ec r opof c opr a th i s 1 -e a r. T h e a ttra c ti v e , l a r ge oi i p a i n t ed s ign boar d , e re c te db y th e Gu a m C h a mberof Co mm er c e, bear ing th e m o tto , " D O Y O U R BE S T FOR G UA M 2O O OT O N S OF C O P R A 1 9 2 6 , ' I hA S a ttrac t ed c ons ider a b l ea tte n ti o n . Se r geant J uan P . Pa n g e l i n a n , 1 7 th . C o mpany, Gu a m M ilit ia Res e rv e ,w a s d ro l ,v n e cJl u n e 9 th . whi l e a tte m pt ing t o s wim th e U s a u c h a n n e l . A p a r ty of fift1' men were sent out with divers and grapling irons in search of the body, but their efforts were in va i n . T wo day s lat e r i t a ro s e to th e s u rfa c e a n d w as

103

found near the place where Pangelinan had been last seen. IIe left a wife and a six months old child. The Merizo-Umatac road has been completed, the work was started b5' Isiand Government labor, but later contracts were awarded Manuel Lujan, of Yona, and I,uis M. Baza, of Agana for difierent Sections w hi ch carri ed the w ork to compl eti on. Mr. Vicent e D. Flores, of lnarajan, was the first to traverse this neu' road by touring car. In reply to a request from the Recorder for information concerning the oldest man and w oman on the i sl and, P atrol man Tit t le i nforms us that Mrs. D ol ores D i az C ruz, of U m at ac, i s w i thout doubt the ol dest w oman i n Guam. O ur i nformant w ri tes that al though she does not rem em ber the exact date of her bi rth, ol d i nhabi tants st at e that she i s at l east one hundrecland si x years of age.

ANDINDUSTRIES PUBLIC WORKS Roads:_-Considerable improvements and extensions t o t h e r o a d s o f t h e i s l a n d h a v e b e e n m a d e d u r i n g th e past dry season. Surfacing of the Finagtla;zaq p.t6 has been extended a rnile and a half, the new road b e t w e e n M e r i z o a n d U m a t a c h a s b e e n c o m p l e t ed , th e Piti-Sumay Road has been resurfaced and widened to 16 feet ancl the new road connecting the l,alo Road and Pago Road, approximately 3 miles long through a n e x c e l l e n t a g r i c u l t u r a l d i s t r i c t , i s n e a r l y c om p l e te A considerable and rvill be finished this month. amotrnt of roacl work r'vas also done by the Police D e p a r t m e n t w i t h p r i s o n e r s , p r i n c i p a l l l ' t h e c o n str u ct i o n o f t h e S a n v i t o r e s R o a d i e a d i n g t o T u u i o n Be a ch , the extension of the surfacing of the Tiyan Road and r e p a i r i n g o f t h e L a l o R o a d f r o m t h e j u n c t i o n w i th the Barrigacia Road to the new road to Pago. Bridges:-The piling of the Ylie Bridge has been c o m p l e t e i y r e p l a c e d a n d r e p a i r s n r a d e t o d e c k str u ct' u r e , p u t t i n g t h i s b r i d g e i n t o f i r s t c l a s s c o n d i ti o n . B r i d g e N o . 2 3 h a s a l s o b e e n s t r e n g t h e n e d b y p l a ci r g g i r c l e r s a n d r e n e w i n g d e c k p l a n kadditionai.I-beam ing as necessary. project of piping water from $later Works:-Tlie S a n t a R o s a N l o u n t a i n t o t h e i n t e r s e c t i o n o f t h e Yi g o G a tr g i n g s R o a d a r r d U p i R o a d h a s b e en a p p r o v e d . t a k e n i n M a y a t t h e e n d o f t h e d r y s e a s o n i n d i ca te a m i n i m u m f l o r 'v f r o m t h e p r i n c i p a l o n e o f t h e sp r i n g s o f S a n t a R o s a l V l o u n t a i n k n o q 'n a s " I \ I e m e - . A g u i l a " o f b e t r , v e e n4 , 0 0 0 a n d 5 , 0 0 0 g a l l o n s p e r d i e n r . Th i s r v i l l p r o r . i d e e a s i l y a c c e s s i b l e w a t e r f o r t h e m o st necessarl, uses for a considerable section of good agric ulttlral country. B u i l d i n g s : - S i n c e t h e c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e o i 1 sto r e h o u s e , b u i l d i n g s 1 7 a n d 2 9 , f o r m e r l y u s e d fo r th i s purpose) have been torn down. A nerv roof covering has been placed on the Radio R e c e i v i n g B u i l d i n g a n d a t o i l e t a n d l a v a t o r y a d d i ti o n T h e r e p l a c e m e n t o f th e was recently completed. awning over the azotea of Government -[fouse by a permanent roof is undertl'a1'. General rdpairs have been made to the school buildi c g s o f t h e i s l a n d i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r t h e p r e se n t school 1rear.


104

THE GUAM RECORDER

T elephones : - Wi th th e c o m p l e ti o n o i th e new ' admi nis t r at ion buil d i n g a t th e Ai r S ta ti o n i t becarne n e c es s ar yt o m ove i h e S u m a y te l e p h o n e e x change. A s m all building fo rm e rl S ' u s e d fo r a e ro l o g icalpurp o s eshas been mo v e d to a n e w l o c a ti o n w h ich i vi l 1 co ns ider ably im p ro v e th e l a y o u t o f th e S n i nay syste m . Nec es s ar yc h a n g e -si n w i ri n g a n d movi rrg of th e s r v it c ir boar drv i l l s h o rtl y b e c o mp l e te d . F loat ingE quipm e n t:-T h en e w l i g h te r a ri th o l i zed b1' i h e B ur eau of Ccn s tru c ti c n a n d l l < .1 :rri r,to l ,e bri i i t by ]'a rd f or c e, has b e e n c o m p l e te c la n d p u t i u servi ce. Ext ens ir r e gener a l re p a i rs h a -r' e b e e n m a d e to i i l l l i g h t er s and bar g e s , p l a c i n g tti e m i i r fi rs t c l asscol d i tion wit h t be e x c e p ti o n o f fo r:i r s u rv e y e d i i ghters wh i c h it is nec es s a ryto c o n ti n u e i n u s e . In addit ion t o t h e n er,vs te a me rsa n d n i o to r i a unches re c eiv edear ly in th e s p ri n g , a 3 5 -fo o t b a rg e , porvereci n 'i t h a ner v V - r l e n g i n e , i s e x p e c te ds h o rtl y a c ccrdi ng to adv ic es f r om th e Bu re a u o f En g i n e e ri n g . Thi s rvi l l c om plet e t he re p l a c e m e n to f s ,o rn o u t e q u i pntetrt fo r t he pr es ent a n d rn a k e s a g re a t i m p ro v e rnent i n th e r eliabilit y of t h e s ta ti o n ' s fre i g h t l i g h te ra ge servi c e. P owerP lant-:T h e tw o o 1 d b o i l e rs v u h i c h a re to be replaced harrebeen rernoved ancl space prepared for i a s t allat ion of t he b o i l e r to b e s e n t fro m N o rfol k. P er s onnel: - lv lr. I,. W-.F o n ta i n e , re l i e f fo r M r. S haub, Pu blic V / or k s F o re m a rr, a n d N { r L . E . ' l o l vrrl ey, Si ur v ey or , ar r iv ed o n th e l a s t tri p o f th e C h a umont.

AGRICULTURAL NOTES ISOLATE SICK ANIMALS Fortu na tely, G nam is c om par at iv ely f r ee f r o n r s e riou s, con tag iou s or inf ec t ious lir r e- s t oc k di s e a s e s . T he sto ckrne n of t he Philippine I s lands f or in s t a r r c e , w ou ld scarcely b eliev e t hat t her e is any is ianc'l o f a n y consid era ble size in t his par t of t he Tr opic s w i r i c h i s free of rind erp est, f oot and m out h, ant hr ax an d o t h e r s:r:h d re"rde d clttle dis eas es . We have tr,vo diseases, holvever, rvhich trearly every ye ar ca nse c ons ider able los s es t o t he f ar r r e r s o f the isla nd . The s e ar e hog c hoier a and c hic k e n p o x . F ' o r a nu mbe r of r nont hs pas t t hes e pes t s hat'e b e e n quite pre va len t. Much o f th e loss f r om t hes e c aus es c ould no d o u b t be preven ted thro ugh t he gener al pr ac t ic e on t h e p a r t of the ra nche r o f the pr om pt is olat ion of s ic k an i m a l s . In ve ry fer,'i'in sta nc es is t his done at t he ir r es en t t i m e . A t times wh en th e af or em ent ioned dis eas es ar e p r e \ , alent, it is a com m on s ight t o s ee c hic k ens s u f f e r i n g from severe cases of chicken pox, ranging at rvill among the rest of the flock or to see a case of hog cholera in clo se q uar t er s wit h t he well hogs . At th e ve ry mom ent an anim al is not ic ed t o b e a i l ing foi any cause whatsoever pen it up on an iscilated part of th e ra nch. Det ail a m em ber of t he f a m i l y t o care for the animal, such person keeping away as much as possible from the rest of the stock of the

JUt,v 1926

ranch. A s soon as i r i s determi ned that th e anim al so isolated is suffering from a cont-agiousdiseasethe best measurei s to ki l l the ani mal and dest r oy t he carcass by burning. W hen stock i s secured from ontsi de, such st ock shoul d be kept aw ay from the rest of the anim als of the ranch until it is definitely known that they are free from di sease. C are shoul d be taken no t t o "introduce stock on to the ranch from di stri ct s I 'her e di seasei s knorvn to be present," Tw o year s ago a farmer l i vi ng i n the C otot ci i stri ct broug ht t o his ranch two fighting cocks from 'falofofo although he knew that chi cken chol era w as present i rr t hat distri ct. R esul t - the l oss of hi s w hol e fl cck of 200 chickens. A ferv years ago when hog choiera rvas present onl y i n a certai n part ()f the di stri ct of I nar a. j an a rancher took sornepi gs from thi s di strict wher e the di seasew as present, to hi s Y i go ranch. Wit hin a short ti me the pl ague had spread thronghout t he northern part of the i sl and. Cooperative efiort in regard to these matters will be of benefit to every rancher of the island.

0ur Friends TheLady-Birds One of the more recent i ntroducti ons of benef icial i nsecl s i nto Gtt:rn through the Iocal A gr icuit ur al E xperi ment S tati on i s.that of 1,heV edal i r, a pr et t v l i ttl e bl ood-red beetl c w i th bl ack spots, i mpor t ed f or the purpose of conl batti ng fhe C ottony Cushion S cal e w hi ch i s cl oi ng much damage to ora ngc ancl l emon trees of the i sl and. The C ot,tony Cir shion S cal e al so attacks rnany ornarnenta,l pl anls anr i shade trees, a good exompl e bei ng a heavy inf est a, ti on of the row of " R ai n Trees" extendi ng along t he w est si de of C al l e P azos i n front of the E i k's Club and N o. 1 S chool . The smal l er branches a nd t wiss of these trees are literally coverecl with the rvhiie cottony egg sacs of thi s pest. The i mportati on of the Y ecl al i a consi stedof c: isht

a.,lultb"eilusbroughibrithn bi'".tii-"i

th"-ft;p?;:

iment Slation, from Hrr,waii on his return fr:om thr,r S i ates i n N {arch. U pon thei r aui val thes e beet les w ere taken i n charge by Mr. S . R . Y andenb er g, St r ti on E ntomol ogi si , for propagati on. These eighi beetleswere placed on :r,voung orarrgc tree heavily infesteci with Cottony Cushior-' Scale ancl over w hi ch a rnusi i n cage had becn pl acecl. I r r l ess than one month there w as searcel ya live scalc on the i ree and the number of beetl eshad i n cr cr r sor l from ei ght to 240. These 240 bcetl es w er e t aken out of the ca,gei n l ot.sof 10, over a peri oC of r . lavs and w ere cl i sti i butedover the i sl and w herevet 'it wr s know n that the seal eoccurred. One of thesepl aces w as the afol ementi one r l"Rr r ilr Trees" . Thi rtv V erl al i a beetl es w ere l i be r : r t ed in these t,reesi n the l atter part of A pri l ancl i f one u, ili take the troubl e of cl i mbi ng i nto these trees t hev can already see large nttnrtre-rsof the fat recl larvnc of these beetl es busi l v engaged i n eati ng t he eggs and young of the C oti onv C r' shi on S cal e. In a few rnonths these tret-s 'will be freed of this pest by the Vedalia and Mr. Vandenberg estimates


JVLY L926

THE GUAM RECORDER

that at least 100,000beetles rvill have been produced fro m the or iginal 30 p l a c e d tl re l e - a n d i n s o d oi ng wi l l i ra v e r les t r oy ed b i l l i o n s o f th e e g g s a n d y o ung o f th e s c ele. M : r ny o f th e b e c tl e s th u s p ro d u ced wi l l fl y away ir r s earc h ri f o th c r i n fe s tt:d tre e s w here th e y rvill s et up hou s e k e e p i n ga n tl ra i s e m o re c hi l cl re n . O t her s les s fo rtu n a l e rv i l l n o t fi n d a n -vsui ta b l e fo or l and will p e ri s h . T h c i n e x o ra b l e l a w of n a tu re.

SOME NEWPLANT INTRODUCTIONS With the object of irnproving the agricultural cond i ti o n s of t he is land a n d a d d i n g to i ts b e a u ty , the Exp e ri m ent S t at ion i s c o n ti n u a l l y i n tro d u c i n g for tri a l , s eed m at er ial o f n e w e c o n o mi c p l a n ts a n d ornamental shrubs In the introduction of this material strict precautions are taken to guard against the introduction of serious plant pests and diseases, Consignments are properly inspected and fumigated prior to shipment and upon receipt. Futhermore, the material is generally first grown for a period under observation at th e Sta t ion. T he s urp l u s o f s p e c i e sth a t a p p e a rto be adapted to local conditions is distributed to interested farmers of the Island and the remainder grown by the Station for the furnishing of seed for further distri b u ti o ns . R e cent int r oduc t io n s fro m H a w a i i i n c l u d e , th e star a p p l e , Q ueens land m a c a d a mi a n u t, l i tc h i , v a r i ous varieties of grapes, pomegranate, Guatemala avoca.dos, sweet potatoes and various ornamentals including difierent varieties of hibiscus, Casuarinas, Araucarias and Philodendrons.

INTRODUCTION OFDUROC JERSEY HOGS Th e r e ar r iv ed on th e S .S. G ra c e D o l l a rfo r Atki ns Kro l l & C9. . , s hipmc n t c o n s i s ti n g o f 2 p u re -b l oorl " (p e d i g Lec d) Duloc J e rs t' y s o w s a b i u t l 8 m o n i hs oi a g e a nd 2 boar s of t h e s a m e b re e tl a b o u t 8 u ro n tl rs o f a g e . T he s ows ha v e a l re a d y h a d o u e l i tte r o f p i gs a n d wer e br ed agr iirr.p r.i oto ' ,.l ri p n rt.n t. T h e y ^ai c d u e to f iu' r ow s r r Ueilrrrc i n Au s u i t. Ab out 4 v ear s a g o th e a b c v e rn e n l i rtn e d fi rnr b ro u g h t in . . r - s hipn rc n t,rf D u ro c J c rs e l ,s . w i th not e n ttrcly s r t r s l: r c t or ' 5re ' s rrl l s . W h i i e th e b o a rs tl i d e xce e d ingly r v ell r lni l rv c re l ,h c m e i l n s o f i n tro c l u ci ng the blr;orl of {,hisbreecl into t,hc entirc Taraguc hercT o f a p p r or iur at ely 30 0 h e ri i l , th e s o w s (trr.i d a f tcr a rri va l in G r r r lr n)f z r rl c rlto c o n c e ri v o .F o r th i s re a -qon th e so r v s i; r t he r ec o n t s h i p m e n t rv e r' eb re i l i n tl rc S.t:rtc splc v ir ius t o s h i p n i c rri . A s s h o rv i rg th c s uperi o ri l y in . qiz eof t ht s c p u i .e -b l ' e d so v e r th e a v e r aâ&#x201A;Źi e n a ti ve pig t he 2 br , rri ' c ns o w .so f th c fi rs t, s h i p u rei t n 'h e n s l; lr r glilc r ec la v e ra g e ti n b o u t 4 6 0 n o u n c l ," i n rvci g trt . _ Th e hogs in f hc re e e n t s h i p me n t c o s t l a n d e d i n Gu a n r, appr ox im at o l y $ 1 0 0 .0 0 p e r h c a d : th e total co st i trelr lr ler l,pur c hrl s ep ri c e p e r i te s d g b O.' 0 0fre ; i ghf, 'i 'i r S. S . t ir l, r : e Doli a r, $ 2 2 .b 0 p e r h e a c l c a rc ta kcr ; fcc, S3 0. 00; r r r . r r . inc in s u n n c e $ 2 d .0 0 ; i mn i u n i z a tion, n l n d _ tl ngc ht r qes , ic c d , e te ., $ 6 0 .0 0 . T h e a n i m al s p re vi o r r s1o s hipm ent w e re i n s p c c te ria n d p ro n o u nced

105

frec from disease by offieials of the Division of A ni mal Industry, C al i forni a S tate D epartme nt of A gri cul ture, and i mmuni zed agai nst hog choler a. Upon arrival at Guam they were again inspected and found to be apparentl y i n good heal th. The stock are being kept at Agricultural Experiment S tati on unti i such ti nre as they can be transf er r ed to the Tarague pl anl ati on. Thi s i ntroducti on of pure-bred hogs shoul d be of tl eci cl edbenefi t i n assi sti ngi n the w ol k of upgr ading the i uferi or type of nati ve pi gs of the i sl and, as t hese ani rnal s w i l l form a foundati on for a pure-bred her d at Tarague, the increase of which will be sold to the publ i c.

DEPARTMENT OFEDUCATION NOTES The Department of Education is in recent receipt of the Stanford Achievement Tests. By this method the school children of Guam will be graded accurately, and their mentality compared with that of the children of the schools of the United States. The Guam Evening High School opened on the secondsemesterof the year, June 14th. The classes are from 5:30, to 8:00 o' cl ock Monday, W ' edne sday, and Friday evenings. The courses are in English, Mathematics, Llistory, Science, and Spanish. Mr. Harry Moore, Jr. has classesin Bookkeeping, Tuesday and Thursday eveni ngs betw een 6:30, and 7: 30, o' cl ock. lntermediateSchool:- At the opening of the first semesterof the l926-7927-school year, the Intermediate School enrolled 221 pupils, this is an increase of approximately IAO7o, over the past year enrollment. SanAntonio:-Varior.rschangesin the teachers of the San Antonio school have been made, some have been transferred, hnd others have replaced them. Tu'entyseven new pupi l s have been added to the rol l . Anigua:-Ttre present school term rvas appropriately opened by the dedication of the new concrete school bui l di ng w hi ch w as erected duri ng the vacati on peri od. A mong those present, and w ho t ook part i n the ceremoni es,w ere, Governor I,.S .S ha pley, C hapl ai n and [' Irs. W . R . i fai l , C ommander J. K. R i chards, U .S .N aw , Mrs. E sther IU : R i ddl e, Super i ntendent of P ubl i c Instructi on, and Mr. A . S u ar ez, C ommi ssi oner of A gana. The U . S . N avy Band rendered appropriate sellections for the occasion. A11of the District Schools report proErressin their w ork, and sati sfacti oni n the new schedul eof s chool hours v' hi ch are from 7:75, a m. to 12:15, p, m . The Watch Words for the cdming year are SINCERITY, GOOD-WILL, TRUTHFUI,NESS, AND C OOP B R A TION . Much i nteresti ng school matter has been rece ived, but it arrived too late for publication.


't'liil G{,Ati ititccRDEri

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JUr.\ 7926

r v i i l b r r l o n g i 'c . t r e n r b c r c c l f 0 r his few poi'riis, riotrrbll' TAe Raven, and his Ir-riln.\' liiltiitc.rpieces of brief , powcr f u! l t r r l m r i s 1 ,p e c u l i a r f i c t i o n .

A l el ter rvhi ch E cl garA l l an Poe wr ot e apol ogi zi ng for hi s i nabi l i l J' to r epay a l oan o{ $50 has j r-rstbeen sol d a . t auct ion for $500. Thi s i s ten ti rnes th e am or ir r t o{ l hc ori gi rral l oan. It i s good busines- s to keep the due-bi l l s frorn po et s, af t ei' a1l.-Las ,4ngclesTimes.

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, An Editor's Blessirgs

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COT T AGE. NEW

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E dgar A llc n Po e , Ame ri c a n p o e t, rc m a n cer and crit , ic , one of t h e m o s t p i c tu re s q u e c h a ra cters i n American literature, \'vasbol'n in Boston, NIass., on Je nuor y 19, i809 . I n his y out h h e s h o w e d re ma rk a b l e ta l e nt and a b rilliant m ind b u t h i s s p l e n d i d i n i e l l e c t s eemedto l a c k c er t ain qua l i ti e s b e s to w e d c rl c o mmo n men. A t schoolhe s t ood w e l l i n h i s s tu d i e s b u t h e fe l l i n w i th a c ar d- play ing. d ri n k i n g c ro w d a n d h e s oon became involved in debt. His debts were paid by fri ends apd he en te re dth e U n i v e rs i ty o f V i rg i tri a but r'vasexpelled during his first year. In 1827 he enl i s t ed as a pr iv a te i n th e a rmy a n d ro s e by meri t u n t il, t wo y ear s l a te r, h e w a s ma d e a s e rg e a nt-maj or in the artillery. When he rvas clischargedhc secured a n appoint m ent to th e m i l i ta ry a c a c l e m y at W est Po int , bt t t , in h i s s e c c n d y e a r h e w a s e x p el l ed for rn is c onduc tand b a tl h a b i ts . He wrofe a lai'ge number of short stories and r.'erse whic h r v er epub l i s h e d i n m a g a z i n e sa n d p a pers, but hc was never a financial success. 'fbe GoldBug, consi der edhis bes t s h o rt s to ry , w o n fi rs t p ri z e o f $100.00' b u t his poem s s o l d fo l rn u c h l e s s . H i s rv i fe , V i rgi ni a Po c , c lied in Ne w Y o rk C i ty i n th e d i rc s t w ant i n 1 8 47; s he r ' v asbttt trv e n ty -fo u r y e a rs o l c l . A f ter her cl c et h, P oc ' s liab i ts b e c o rn e* ' o rs e a n c l h e p rri cti c.rl )y e c ns edt o r v r it e. T rv o y e a rs l tte r h e rv a sfo ttncl i n n co m : t t c s cc on, : i i ti o ni n R n l ti m o i :c o n Oc to b e r 3c'.l nnrl h e dic r l in t he M a ri n o g s .p i tl l o n Oe to b e r 7th,1849. ' P oe' s pc et r y i s ti re rn o s t mu s i c a i a rrc li rn rgi ntti vc i n lhe E ngli- < hla n g u a g e . H i s b o s t w o rl i s i tr versc a n d f ic t ion r is e i n to th c l o fti e s t rc a l m s o f a r t and hc

B l e s s e d a r e t h e m e r c h a n t s r r l i o a c'i vr tt i s e b e c a u s e t h e y b e l i e r r e i n i t a n ci i r r t h e i r b r i s i n e s s ; f o r t t r e i r p r o s p e r i tl ' sh a l i Blessecl are tlie increase many fo1d. count::y corresponder'rts who send in t h e i r n - e 1 1 . r v r i t t e ni t e m s e v e r ) ' l r e e k; fo r fame of their friendly neighborhoods Bl e sse d i s strall go abroad in the land. the wonran s'ho sends in a written acc o u n t o f a p a r t y o r w e d c t i n g f o r sh e sh a i l s e e t h e d e t a i l s o f t h e f t i n c t i o n a n d th e C ITY natnes of her guests correctll' reported. t s l e s s e d a r e t h o s e w h o d o n o t e xp e ct th e e d i i o r t o k n o w e v e r y t h i n g , b u t w h o c a l l u p a n d te l l i r i r n w h e n e v e r a u i u t e r e s t i n g e l e n t o c c t t t 's to th e n r f o r t h e y s h a l l h a v e a n e $ s y p a p e r i n t h ei r to r r n . B l e s s e d a r e t h e y s - h o g e t t h e i r c o p y i n e a r 1 5 ,'fcr th e 1 . s h a l l <; c c u p y a r / a r m p l a c e i n t h e e d i t o r ts h e a r t. Blessed are those n'ho co-operate 'iliith the editor in h i s e f i o r t s i n b e h a l f o f t h e c o m m u n i t y f c r t li e i r to u - n s h a l 1 b e k n o w n f a r a n d u 'i d e a s a g o o d p l a c e i n r vh i ch CoulitY Nervs. to live.-Vilas

IN JULY DATES IMPORTANT Jul y

1 - B attl e of Gettysbti rg, 1863 2- Garfi el d shot, l 8B I de" tror-rtl l rt S arrt iapc,l8( ; S 3- C erl era' s -1.' l eet 150th A nni versar\/A meri can Tnciepenclence _ P resi dent j ames l { onroe cl i ed, 18 31 A dmi ral Farragut born, 1801 J_ u _ C hi ef .l usti ceJchrr l l ar.hrl l . di td I E35 .JohuP aul ,Jouesborn, 1747 H ar" ' ai i annexed, 1.998 8 - .TohnD . R ockefel l erbot' n, 1S 39 n_ C apture of Fort D uQuesne,1755 E dmund R urke dted, 1797 l ) - S t. S r,vi thi n' sD al ' 16- S auti ago surrendered,1898 2!- Fi rst battl e of B u11R un, 186i 23- General Grant di ed, 1885 R oger S herman di ed. 1793 ,P ostalsystem establ i shed, 1775 26General S am H ouston di ed, 186 3 30- P resi dent A ndrew .Iohnson< l i ed, 1875


J ULy

i926

THE GUAM RECORDER

Fits in With Every Sport

HIRES "*U:* HIRES -AND GET THE GENUINE

R O O T BEER AND

GINGER ALE

OR many, many years Hires has been a big

favorite with lovers of outdoorlife. On the motoring trip, after a happy foursomeor a fast set of tennis,nothing tastesquite so good as a cool,sparkling draught of Hires. Keep a casehandy at all times. Now on sale at the CommissaryStoreand the Post Exchange.

Iixclusit'e

Bottlers for the Island

of Guam

107


THE:GUAMRECORDER

108

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I T T

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Opposite Officers' Club

X

Agana. v. E.E'.['.n'.8'.tr..l'.Ls.'ty..R'.8'.a'it.B"t'9..8'.8'E

tr'.SuzukiTailor NE,A.R BUTTER'S

MAIN

SAORE

Navy and MarineCorpsUniforms And Civilian Suits Our Specialty. Hemstitching Enough I,ot 567

Said Teleohorre 105L

J. K. SHIMIZTJ WHOLESALE eNp RETAIL

Your attentionis invited to our shipment,from Japan, of Beads,Toys, CigaretteCases,etc,

Prices Reducedin all Departments.

f,

,.8

!c

yJLv 1926

delaCorte's Memoirs ofDonFelipe Eleven Years asGovernor ofGuam, 1855-1866 ( Cantinuedfron page 98) through a break i n tl re reef. S cbured by the whir lpool and the cross crlrrents, the corals fail to grov' and thus l eave deep hol es or basi ns i n, as well as channel d through the reefs. Tl i ese are, then, t he entrancesor ti ny harbors w hi ch, accordi ngto nat ur al 1aw , exi st w herever madrepore reefs are fotnd. At fi rst si ght these openi ngs, are hard to fi nd for t hey are al l vays smal l and show onl y as l ow pl ace sin t he hi gh l i ne of the surf ; w hi l e even a 1i ttl e seal vill close the passesw i th such heavy cross breakers t hat , in fact, the surf i s hi gher there than el sew here . Such passagesand deep holes are found bets,'een all those headlands of Guam which are contrected rvith reefs or barriers of coral, some of the channels bei ng so l arge that they w oul d permi t the e nt r ance and anchorageof shi ps of 300 tons or over, if it wer e not for the current and if the basins were not so sma11and:so fui l of shoal s. N everthel ess,by t aking advantage of favorabl e ci rcumstances, shi p s up t o 200 tons may enter some of these pl aces a r d even anchor, provi ded they have a pi l ot to di rect t hem . C onsequerrtl y,certai n of these openi ngs m ay r be classified as tiny harbors; such as those of Agana, ' fepungan, Jati and P ago rvhi ch have been s poken cf al ready: the othersbei ng no rnore thau l arrdi ng places for smal l craft. In the l atter cl ass may by couut ed the channel s of Tnrrague and Inapsan; tr.r'oat Rit idi an i n the northern end of the Isl and; t hose of A chai , Fasonan, H i l aan; tw o i n Tumorr Bay, and that of A l npan i n A gana B ay, bnt northw est of t he ci ty; other openi ngs of the same type are f ound at A san, tretrveenA gana and the P ort of A pra, at Tipal ao, at A gat and Fi ni l e, south of Orol e. Point , at Maneno, somervhateast of Merj zo and at J alom na, A ni te and Y i i g on the east coast south of Pago. Indeed, n' i th the excepti on of approxi mately a sixt h part of the peri meter of the i sl and - that por t ion r,vhi chl i es betw een P ago and the most norther ly cape - the coast l i ne contai ns many l i ttl e l andi n g places and not a few bays which offer small vesselsshelter from storms, yet al most al l of them are unkn ou'n t o navi gators, and the serrti cesof pi l ots are necessar )t'o fi nd the greater part of them. A l though i t rnust be admi tted that the P or t of San al1 Lui s de A pra i s the on11'harbor w hi ch pos sesses the el ements consti tuti ng a port of cal l for lar . qe shi ps - the i sl and i s so smal l that i t al one would be suffi ci ent- sti i l i t i s a great arl r' antageto have so many other u' el l -protectedanchoragesfor b ig ships, not to speak of al l the other l i ttl e harbors, which ar e capabl e of supporti ng an acti ve coast \4' i set r ac'le,if onl y i t exi sted. Territory:- Such favorable circumstances lvould'be enough to make of Guam a clesirable port of call even though the island were barren, -u-etone netd onl y approach i t to understand that i t i s no ar id


Jurlv t926

109

THE GUAM RECORDER

chain of hills, good for nothing save shelter in a storm but that instead it is clothed in a rich mantle of vegetation ihat exhaies a perfumed atmosphere, carried on the fresh breezes to greet passing ships with promise of something more than a mere refuge, In d eed, t he s oil o f th i s l i ttl e i s l a n d i s s o fe r ti l e, th a t, wit h t he pr op e r d e v e l o p m e n t, i t c o u l d e asi l y sn p p or t a r ic h and p ro s p e ro u sc o l o n y , i f n o t a l arge one.

MUSIC LESSONS Piano Harmony lnstrumentation andVocal Training

The northern and southern halves of the island differ greatly in character, but neither one nor the o th e r is lac k ing in n a tu ra l a d v a n ta g e s ;i t s e e m sas i f nature had offered to settlers lands to suit a1l tastes. Th e nor t her u half c o n s i s tso f a n a l m o s t h o ri z o ntal plateau at an average height of 200 feet above the level of the sea, from r'vhich it rises in lo{ty cliffs of calcareousrock so steeply cut that some, particularly o n th e headlands ,al mo s t o v e rh a n g th e w a te r, w hi l e i n th e lit t le bay s at th e i r fe e t s ma l l b e a c h e so f sand have formed over the madrepore ledges on which the i sl a n d is builf . T he l e v e 1o f th e p l a te a u ri s e s gradually from south to north, its surface broken by three ' fi rs t, n o ta b le landm ar k s ; th e s h a rp p e a k d f m o unt Sa n ta Ros a, on t he lo n g i tu d i n a l a x i s o f th e p e n i n sul a a t a b out a t hir d of t h e d i s ta n c e fro m th e n o rth end. Th i s i s t he highes t p o i n t o f th e i s l a n d , me a s u ri ng about a thousand feet above sea level, and from it one can seeto great distancesin almost all directions, (Translator's Note: Santa Rosa,e/evation:810 feet, /ies closeto eastsborenear Yigo. Severallt/tâ&#x201A;Źr.peafrJort t/tesouthern end af the island are l:igrter.) At about anot her th i rd o f th e d i s ta n c eg o i n g s outh, ri se s a s ec ond hill, k n o w n a s B a rri g a d a n T i l l a n, i n mrrked contrast to the first; far from being pointed it swells abcve the surface of the plateau in a flat( Note: ,4t presentTittan it not a nameaif tened hump . "Baniga" the Aill but of an adjacentdistrict. in Spanisb, and "Ti/lan", or "Tiyan" in Charnarro,hot/tntean"brily,, tn Englislt. -) On thr : r , v es t er ns i d e n e a r Ag a n a , s te e p b re a k i n th e g ro und lev el oc c u rs , s o th a t, a l th o u g h b o th l ow ievel and high level are flat and traversable in all directions by rvagons, it is difficult, even for animals, to cl i m b f r om one t o th e o th e r; to d o i t c o m fo rt abl y o n e mu s t m ak e a c i rc u i t b y w a y o f A g a n a . Thi s break is not so large but that, r,vhen seen from a d i sta n c e, it r em ains c o v e re d b y th e v e g e ta ti o n . The su rfa c e of t he whole n o rth e rn p e n i n s u l a i s th u s ccmp o se d of t r v o plains , o f rv i ri c h th e s m a l l w e s te rn one e n d s a t t he f oot of a c l i fi -rv a l l , rv h i c h i s ti re e d ge of th e main plat eau. T h i s i s a l mo s t l e v e l, a s w e sai cl b e fo re, s av e f or a s lig h t u p w a rd s l a n t to th e e a s t. (f; U continued next issue)

By HenryA. Nagle-Agana

a-

w

General Repair Shops ESI'ABLISHED 1910

>K Carpentry - Joiners and Wood-turning. Guam Fancy Wood-r'vork of all classes. Furniture Manufactured and Reoaired.

Ceneral Garage We take 'em down and make 'em run again. Batteries rebuilt and Charged. l.{anu{acturers of Auto. Truck and Iitnev boclies.

Vulcanizing lvlachine Shop - Blacksmithing. Pk'rnibing and Sheet-metallvork. \Vhen you want things done 'Ielephone - 89 -

A Perfect Fit CI]AITANTEED AT

B. PAI\GELINAN'S MANUEL TAILOR SHOP {S9

Puzos i"itrcet -

Asena


THE GUAM RECORDER

11 0

JULY t926

TESTED RECIPES ANDDOMESTIC SCIENCE HINTS By Mrs.Nagle

(Red Bananasare best).- peel ancl BakedBananas

J o s e M . To r r e s t-*----t

Wholesale andRetail Merchant

-ts Importer and

Exporter

-+* Agent for

Michelin TireCo.

gcrape three large bananas, divide ouce each !vay, and l ay i n a,baki ng di sh, spri nkl e w i th babl e spoonsf t il of lemon juice, place a feu' dots of butter or.rtop, adrl w ater to hal f cover the frui t. B ake hal f an hour , basting irften. Servehot on egg toast. (Bread slicecl and soakedi n one cup of nri l k, sal ted and thickened w i th beatenegg and sautedon each si de i n hot f at . ) YoungString Bean Salad.- Chop an onion very fine and pl ace i n a bow l , cover rvi th satacloi l ancl let it soak (mari uate) for tw o or more hours, Wash and stri ng the beans, and i f very l ong, cut the m in t wcr pi eces and boi l unti l tender. D rai n and p iace in a coltl pla,ce;when cool enougir, iine a salad bowl or fix on individual plates .with nest of lettuce lea,ves,pile the stri ng beanson top, cover rvi th a l ayer of onion and gently mix, sprinkle with salt, pour on the French dressi ng. One quart of stri ng bea,ns,si x olives, one cup of chopped onion, /, Leaspoonpaprika, l/2 teacup of salad oil, be guided by taste, garnish with stoned ol i ves. ClamFrappe.-stearn thoroughly cleanedclams unlil they open. I)rai r.t, i et the rvater stand unt il clear , pour off the sedi rnent and strai n throuE h fine linen. freezesofl i rr equal parts of i ce nrrd sal t. B ordeauxS al ad.-One bunch of young green onions, 1 cucurnber, t hea:l of lett,uce,1/z cuplol n'rench dre.*si trg. S l i ce the oni ons w i th a part of i hel r greent ops, cut the cucunrber i n thi n sl i ces, cut someo f t he let tuce l eaves; the remai ni ng l eaves, spreadon a dish; arrange the oni on,., and cucumber on th e let t uce leaves,pour on the n'rench dressinE and serve colcl. Thi s srl ad shoul d be t,ri sp. HoneyDressing For FruitSalad.-Heat the honey nearly to the boiling point and pour very slowll' orr the beaten y.olksof eggs. PIace on the fire and cover for about a mi nute sti rri ng constantl y. R ernovef r om the stove and sb-r occasi onal l yunt,j l cooi , then acld sal t, papri ka and l emon j ui ce; i f the frui t i s t ar t om jt the l emon j ui ee. Just treforeservi ng thi s clr essing, beat up the w hi tes of the eggsvery sti ff and st ir in. Mock LobsterSalad.-Made of coltl c,oked fish. Twc, cups of cookedfi sh, i cup di ced cucumbers, 2 t ablespoonful svi negar, l /z cnp cut radr' sl res,/2 u up salad oil, drrsh of salt arrclpepper'. Thi-qis a good rvay tcr use left-over boiled, fried or bal<ed fish. and even canned fish may be used. n'ree the fish frour bones or pi eces o{ ski n, ar.rdcut i n smal l bi ts, peel t he cucumberand cut i n di ce,enoughto make one cr ipf ul. If the radi shesare l arge sl i ce,but i f smal l, usewhole. N { i x w i th fi sh and cucumber, rni x oi l , r' i negr r . , . "alt and pepper together urri i l thoroughl y bl ended, t l- r cn pour on the fi sh mi xture. W hen ready t o ser ve, arrange on lettuce leitves and place a spoonful of mayonnaiseon each portion. Garnish with radishes and slices of hard boiled eggs.

0rangeSaladAnd 0rangeBaskets.This delicious f ruit salaclis made of orange pulp, nut-meats,shredilecl


JrJr.Y 1926

THE GUAM RECORDER

co co nut m ix ed wit h j e l i y d re s s i n g . (T a k e o u t the p u l p and m ak e a b a s k e t o f th e ri n d o f th e o range.) Th e jelly dr es s ing i s m a d e l ro m Vz c u p o l i v e oi l , 1 {,a b l es poonf ul of lern o n j u i c e , I s a l ts p o o n fu lo f sal t, a d a sh of papr ik a, / 2 ta .b l e s p o ocnu L ra n t j e l l y , o r grape j e l l y. Com biue t he o i l , l e m o n j u i c e , s a l t a n d p epper, th e n r nelbt he jelly u n ti l i t b e c o me sl i .ru i d a n d sti r.i n th o ro ughly . T his d re s s i n g c a n b e u s e d w i th any fru i t s alr d.

111

We are Open io Service DAY and IIIGFIT

Ve al and Ham S al a d .- O n e c u p o f c o l c l c o o k e clveal , 1 cupful cold boiled hant, /2 cupful sliced cabbageor l e t,tuc e, t har d boi l e d e g g . Sl i c e th e c o l d v e a f and crrt a, n equal qr , r an ti tyo f s l i c e s o f c o l d b o i i e d harn, th e n c hop t her n t og e th e r.i n to s n ra l l p i e c e s . Boi l the e g g har c .and l s lic e, a rra n g e th e v e a l a n d h a m o n l ett,u celeav esor on a b e l o f fi n e )y s i i c e d c a b b a g e .S ene vri th m lt J ' onDaisor e b o i l e d d re s s i n ga n d g a l n i s l r .ni th sl i ce sof ir ar d boiled e g g s .

guararrtee safety to onr custonters due to fact t-hat our drivers are experieoced,care-

TJutlson, Ilssex, Willys-Knight, Nash anc1. B ui ck.

CarrotSalad.- l'our small, or two Targecarcots, 1/2 sinaii rvhibecabbage, (or Chinesecabbage) 1/2onion, rva sh t he c ar r ot s , s c ra p e a n d g ra te th e m, a l s o grate th e onion r r nd r nix w e l l rv i th th e c a rro ts , Se rveon cabbagesliced as for cold slarv. Liseplenty of French d re ss ing. VinaigretteDressing.- llix oil, vinegar, salt and p e p p er and add t he o th e r i n g re d i e n ts -T h i s d ressi ng i s p a r iic ular ly good o n a s p a ra g u ss a l a d . n o u r t abl e_ spoonfuls salad oil, r/4 Lablespoonfulr"inegar, B tea_ sp o o r r luls c hopped p i c k l e , 3 te a s p o o n fu l sc h o pped green pepper, t/4 leaspconful paprika, /2 teaspoonful chopped parsley, )l chopped onion. .. Ap ple and B ananaSa l a d .- T w o b a n a n a s , B a p pi es, /2 teaspoonfulsalt, 1 srnall lettuce. TUJ shoirta be p re p ar ed jus t bef o re i t i s s e rv e d , to p re v e n t the fru i t tur ning dar k or l o o k i n g mu s s y . p e e l a n d sl i ce th e b ananas lengt hw i s e , c u l ti n g e a c h s l i c e i n tw o, peel and slice the apple and mix with the bananas. srra nge on nes t sof l e ttu c e l e a v e sa n d s e rv ew i th j el l y dressingor ma,yonnaise. Frozen Banana Custard.- Soak one teaspoonful of gelatine in three t,ablespoonfulsof cold rr.aier. place 3 cupf uls of milk on sbove,and add four tablespoonfuls o f.su g ar and . t hr ee e g g s ,s ti rri n g . Atl c i g e l a ti n u, urJ sti r u r r t il it t hic k en s . C o o l a n d a d d fo u r b a n anas p re ss edt hr ough s ieve ,a n d fo l d i n o n e c u p fu l * h i p p;a ('re n n) . F r eez e. Fruit Cream.-Mash four banarras.Atlcl two oranges. p u l p and juic e, and o u e ta b l e s p o o n fu ll e m o n j ui ce, rrn d ' m ix r v it h t r v o-th i rd s c u p fu l o f p o w d e re d s t rga.. So a kone- f our t h box g e l a ti n e i n o n e -fo u rth c u p fu l col cl wa .te rf or f iv e ur inut e s a n d d i s s o l v eo v e r b o i l i n g rvater. Ad cl this t o t he f r uit rn i x tu re a n d c o o l i n i c J rv ater. \Vh e n it t hic k ens , fo l c l i n 2 c u p fu l s w h i p p e d c ream. Pl a cet in ic e and s erv e . Banana Cream.- Mix four n'rashed bananas with one-four.th_cupful of sugar. Whip one cupful of cre a l n ,anc ls t ir in t he b a n a n a sa n d j u i c e o f o n " l .roon, Soak one-fourth box of gelatine in one-fourth cupfui of cr.'ldrvater for five niinutes and clissolveby setiinj

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JVLY 1926

THE GUAM RECORDER

LIz

BORDALLO'S TAXI S E R V IC E

AND SUMAY AGANA Buick Cars Finest Bestof Service OPEN D A Y A N D N IG H T. to serveYoufor anY Weare equipped Theater orforShoPPing, Emergency andParties. engagements orLodge {\g"yq "" Ti* Phones Sum aY ll' R

Aga na 9O - R -

di sl i i n hot w ater' S trai n and nri x w i th the balana' P l ace i n rl rnol d to harden otr i ce. B ananaW hi p.- P eel ti ri pe battanas,nl ash t hem up w i th n forh, put the pul p i nto a saucepan wit h agill of w ater, 2' ouncesof sugar, tl re thi ni y cut rind and juice of half a letrtott, and cook gentl'1'.o-verthe fire beu rni nubes. S ti l i n the sti ffIy whisked i or rr,br,ub rvhi te of nn egg, nrd conti nuc to cook for ari r 't herf ive rni nutt,s; th" ri l el cci ol , rel )l ol e the l emon rind, and w hi sl <i n one gi l l of creani sti ffi y w l i i pped. l'ill up custnrd gl a,* sesl rpour the prel tarati oni n a g lassdisb, a.nclkeep on i ce ti l l requi red. Tl i el l ." ervew i t h waf er s or fi nger bi sctri ts. B ananaW hi p.- ' fo threo bananasal l on' the whit e of one egg. P ress t,h,,banattasthrough a pota , t opr ess' S w eei enw i th pow cl el edsugar. A dd thi s to t he well w hi ppeclegg w hi te. S erve i n sherl rei cups, ice cold' w hi pped ci coo .t,o1'be used i n pl ace of egg whit e' one-hal f cu pf ul coid B ananaW hi p.- Three ba,ri atrrrs. w ater, one cupful sug& r, j ui ce of one l emon, one pint freshl y boi l ed w ater, one-hal f packageg-el at ine,onehal t of pi nk col ori ng tnbl et. R emove ski ns cf banar.ras,cui fi ne, add l enl on j ui ce, ancl beat to a cr eam y l rass. Moi sten gel nti ne i n col d' w ater, add sugnr ' bananas, and col ori ng, and beat agai n un t il {can5 ' P our i n mol d." ,and serve w i th crearr.

Market NewVegetable Tbe rancl rersof the di stri ct of B a,rri gadawill have I' egetabl es,frui ts, poul try and eggs otr s ale a1 t he B arri gada S chooll l otrse every Thursdny be lr veenone and three o' cl ocl < . ,wn;il,mffiuY'

Yard SawMill andLumber kinds of lumber Sar'vedand Planed Fiooring

THE TEN COMIVTANDIVIENTS MASTERPIECE THESCRTEN'S

and Siding

OVER TWO IIOURS OF S P LE N D ID

Ifi 1 T rG Pirre-

E 1{ TtrR TA IN ME N ' I.

Flooring

Rough ancl Dressed

Always on hand at reasonable prices

Ser Trqqpqrtatiqn Freight Motor Trucks for transfer of freight, including furniture

Theodore Roberts as Mosesnothing less than magnificent. "The musical interpretation ishalf the picture" MON D A Y

JULY

TU E S D A Y

5th..6th.

ONE SHOW ONLY

1V E D N ESDAY

and 7th' 8:00 O'CLOCK.

ADDMISSION 2b,/ anclB0/

V. P. Herrero Telephone 90-L

THEATER GAIETY CINE


113

THE GUAM RECORDER

IULY 1926

DOINGS INGUAM SOCIAL ( Continuedfrom page 101) Ju n e 28 on t he U S . S.C h a u m o n t. M i s s J o h n s to n w i l i e n te r high s c hoolin C a l i fo rn i a ; Mr. C ru z w i l l p ursue a co u rs e of s t udy in tro p i c a l a g ri c u l tu re a t th e gove rn ment ex per im ent s ta ti o n a t H o n o l u i u . T h e hono re d g ues t s ex pr ess e dth e i r a p p re c i a ti o ni n b ri e f but a p p ropr iat e t aik s . D e l i c i o u s re fre s h m e rts \vere se rved. ( ) ne of t lr e fe a tu re s o f tl re e v e ri i n g r l as a vo ca l s olo by M r s . W. R . H a l i . G o v e rn o r a n d N { rs. L . S. S hapley , Cha p i a i u a n d Mrs . W . R . H a 1 l , and Mrs. R . S . V iall we re a m o fl g th o s e p re s e n t. Among t hos e r v ho e n i e rta i n e d d u ri n g th e rn o nth of Ju n e w it h delight f u l d i rrn e r a n d b ri d g e p a rti e s w ere Mr. and M r s . R. S . V i a l l ; L t. a n d Mrs . L . D a n cer; I't. a n d M r s . S C. Z e rn ; C o l . a n d l \{ rs . G. C . R ei d; N{a j o r and M r s . S . P. B u d d ; a n d C a p t a n d N Irs. E . L Rus s ell. Ti re r r ur s es at t h e n a v a l h o s p i ta l a t A g a n a e nterta i n e d J une 16 und e r th e s trp e rv i s i o n o f l i i s s S ue . h a p l e y , C o l . a n d X Irs. Da u se r f or G ov er no r a n d X,l rs S Re i d and Dr . and lI rs . .\l c D o n a l d . Trvo delight f ul d i n n e r p a rti e s u -e re a rra n g ed b1. Go ve rnor and i\ I r s . L . S . Sh a p l e y fo r J rrn e4 a n d June g. Covers n'6re laid for 16 guests at each affair. 'l i ro se pr es ent J une 4 w e re : D r. a n d [i rs . N o rman Ro b e rt s , I , t and NI r s .I" .L e e , L t a n d X { rs . N .E. D i sb ro rv, Dr . and lllr s . E A. H y i a n d , C a p t. R . B . P ri ce, L t. a n d M r s J . G . C1 a u s i n g ,Ifi s s D e a n , l l i s s H o fi man a n d M r . M c A llis t er . Gu e s t s at t he s eco n da ffa i r w e re C a p t. R . B . Pri ce, Ifi ss G . B r own, Lt . a n d \Irs . H . A . S ta n l e y , n l r s. I. D. Spoonem or e,Ll . A . C . S m a l 1, l ,l rs . H . W . Bradbury, l'Iiss Ferris, I,t. and l'[rs. C. Stervart, Lt. and Mrs. S . C. Z er n and M r. a n d Mrs . W . J , N o w i n ski . An out ing and h u n ti n g p a rty w a s h e l d th e w eeke n d of J une 5 at Up i b y Go v e rn o r a n d N l rs . S h a pl el ' , Co l . a nd l\ ' I r s .G . C. R e i d , L t. a n d tr{ rs . I{ . A . S tanl e y, a nd I , t . and lf r s . R . S . Vi a l l . An ev ening dinn e r a n d b ri d g e p a rty w a s g i v en at th e G ov er nm ent ho u s e J u n e 7 b v G o v e rn o r a n d If rs. Sh a p ley f or Lt . - Com d r. a n d l ,Irs . J . K . R i c h a rd s. Lt. a n d i\ f r s C. F . N{ e rz , L t. a n d Mrs . T . A . D u rh ai tr, Mr. and [ ' [ r s . E dwa rd t, L t A. C . Sma l l , ]Ii s s Beal e, L t. R . J . N{ um f or d , Mi s s C o rb e tt, L t. a n d l l rs. W . O. Br ic e, and Lt . an d Mrs R S V i a l l . L t. a n d i l ' frs. G Walk er joined t h e p a rty fo r b ri d g e . Am ong t he inf or m a l d i n n e r p a rti e s g i rre nJ u n e 29 p re ceding t he r ec ep ti o n a t th e El k s ' c l u b fo r I\{ r . and Mrs S elden S m it h w a s o n e h o n o ri n g Go v e rn o r and NIrs. L. S . S hapley , M i s s El i z a b e th S h a p l e y a n d I,t. Mu mfor d giv en by L t a n d M rs . M e rri l l . In vit at ions hav e b e e ni s s u e db y G o v e rn o r a n d Mrs. L . S. S hapley f or t h e a n n u a l F o u rth o f J u l y c e l ebrati o n to be held at t h e Go v e rn m e n t h o u s e J u l y 3 at 8 :3 0 p. m . I,t and M r s . C. S te w a rt e n te rta i n e dw i th a d i nner p a rty J une 1 at t heir h o me .

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Philippine Islands anC China.

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personal sincerely interested Anti as being well dressed, appearance. is a very importantoneof their various vanities;

T!," 5,*t

\k"r

Is prepared to keep this vanity alive by making the women of Guam the best dressed of any of those in ali of the ports of the Paciflc. ll4adante Carmnt fuladistt


r14

THE GUAM RECORDER

JVLY 1926

NO T I CE S U . S . NAVAL STATION

Jul:lrlst" to 10th BargessrSaEe

A Recluctionof Prices an all Stock

Nnw Large as,sortmentof American Dry Goods

Guau 14 Jane,7926

N.lvar, Sra'rtcN I Ononn No. 246 f 1. 4 j ul y, 1926, fal l i ng on S unday, Mo nday 5 July, 1926, r,vili be observed as a holiday in accordance r,vj th A rti cl e 361 (2), LI. S . N avy R egulat ions,

rszd.

2. Offi ces and shops at thi s S tati on w i l l b e closed on that day, and onl y necessaryauthori zed w or k will be carri ed on. 3 . I n a c c o r i l a n c e r,vi thA rti cl e :S s (t), U .S. Navy i t e g u l a t i o n s , 1 9 2 0 , a nati onal sal trte w i l l be f ir ed at n o o n t h a t d a y a t t h e Mari ne B arracks,A gana, and at t h e N l a r i n e B a r r a c k s , S urnay. L. S. SIIAPLEY CeprerN, U. S. Nevv CormreNoaNT

NAVAL GOVERNMENT OF GUAM GovEnNlrDnr Houst Guerr 14 June, 1926 NOTICE U p o n r e c o m m e n d : i t i o n o f t h e G u a m C o n g r e ss th e I , a i o - P a g o R o a c t h e r e b f i s n a m e d P R I C E R OAD , i n honor and mernorl. of former Governor I{enrl' g. P r i c e ; i h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h i s r o a d b e i n e t h e l a st o f t h e m a i r v i m p r o v e m e r r t s h e h l d s u c c e s s f u l l l a cco m plished during his adnrinistration. L. S. SHAPLEY GovEnxon or Gu,ur

Beautiful Striped

Fuji Siltr<s

K. S A WA D A Santa Cr uz,

Agana

lI asoni c

NAVAL GOVERNNIBNT OF GUAM Jrlorcrenv DEpentlrEwT fsr,eNo Counr LiUAM

N o5i ceN o. 136

R ecord N o. 135, Y ear 192 6

' l ' O W FIOM IT MA Y L' ON C .uR N :N oti ce i s herebygi ven that, a cl ocuruentpur ppr t ing to be the l ast W i i l and ' l estanrent of John E. Da1', deceased,hrLsbeen presented to the Isl and Cour t , Guam, on 2 June, 1926, b-trI{ r. Jose P . I" ujan, t ogether w i tb a pei i ti on asl i i ng f or the a" l l ow an cet her eof. You :rre hereby citecl to api:)e.irbefore the Island C ourt at j ts sessi oni " obe hel d i n A gana, Guam , or r the 15th. day of Ju1y, 1926, at 10:00o' cl ock in t he forenoon, to shorv cause, i f any you have, r, vhyt he allor,l'anceof said Will and Testament and hearing of sai d peti ti on shal l not be granterl ; and unl e ss you appear at the ti me ai rd pl ace afore..ai d,yori r def ault w i l l be recordedand the sai d W i l i and Testam entand application will be taken as confessed, anci I'ou s'iJ1


JU\v 1926

be forever barred from contesting them or any decree entered on the m. T his n otice sh a1 l be publis hed onc e a $' eek f o r t hree co nsecutive we ek s on t he Bullet in t s oar ds o f A gana, an d o nce in the nont hly is s ue of t he G ua r n Recorci er. $/ I ' I NESS the Ho nor abie \ r . P. Cam ac ho, Sen i c r Islancl Ju dg e of th e I s land Cour t , G uam , t his f i f teent t i da y o f Jun e, in t he y ear 1926. J . M . Cauec r r o Chief Cler k of I s land Cou r t s

U. S . NA V A L G OV BR N I{ E N T OF G U AM Junrcrenv I)EpenTuENT Cortnl oir EeurTY Guau No ti ce No. 136. 'fo :

115

THE GUAM RECORDEH

Jo r ge P er ez I gl e s i a s , h i s l e g a 1 re p re s e n ta ti ve and t o all who m i t m a y c o n c e rn :

\/FIER E A S , Rit a Sa l a s P e re z , o n 1 " 7J u n e , 1 9 26, fi l e d w it h t he Cour t o f Eq u i ty , G u a m, a p e ti t i ou p ra yi n g t hat t he s aid C o u rt, i n a c c o rd a n c ew i th S ecti o n 3 3 4, A r t ic le 24 o f th e C o d e o f C i v i l P ro c e d ure, h e r h u s band, t he s ai d J o rg e Pe re z Ig l e s i a s , b e d ecl a re d l e gally dead; an d WHER E A S , t he s a i d J o rg e P e re z Ig i e s i a s , i e ft the Isl a rrd of G uam , on 2 0 D e c e m b e r, 1 9 1 0 , a n d i t h as b e e n a b out f if t een y ea rs s i n c e h e rn ' a sl a s t h e a rd o f . TI{EIi.EFORE notice is hereby given. to Jorge Perez Iglesias, his legal representative and to all wh o m i t m ay c onc er n , to a p p e a r b e fo re th e C o u rt of Eq u i ty at A gana, G u a m, o n o r b e fo re W e d n e s d ay, Octo b e r 20, L926,at 9:0 0 o ' c l o c k i n th e fo re n o o n , and a n sw e rthe pet it ion of R i ta S a l a sP e re z .a n d to f u rth er sh o w c aus e why t he s a i d p e ti ti o n s h o u i d n o t be g ra n te d . WITN E S S t he Ho n o ra b l e M . E . S a b i a n , S e n i or Ju d g e of t he Cour t of Eq u i ty , Gu a m, th i s n i n e te e nth d a y o f J nne, 1926. Josn C. Maxrnusew Cl e rk , C o u rts o f E q u i tl ' , Gu am.

SHORTAGE OFWATER No ti c es hav e been r e p e a tl y i s s u ec l c a l l i rrga i te rrtion to th e was t e of wa te r - l e a k y fa u c e i s , to i l ets, sh o w e rsc 1, c . s, hould b c re p a i re d a t o n c e o r re p o rt ed to the Public Works Office. Ne w a r r iv als in G u a m d o n o t a l w a v s I' e a l i z ethat a n e xte ndeddr y s eas o nc a u s c sa w a te r s h o rta g e , l r ,nt1 e ve ry one is ex pec t e d to c o n s e rv e o n tb e w a tt,r su p p l y als m uc h as p o s s i b l e , re me n rb e ri n g th a t exce ssi veus c of wat er b y a fe w ma y re s u l t i n c u rte i l i ng t h e su p plv f or all. U s e o n l y a s n n u e hw a tc r a s n r ai b c re q u ir ed. Do not a l l o rv th e w a te r to l u n e o n t ,i nu o u sl y when br us hing th e te e th o r ta k i n s a s h o w ei . Use th e Nav y pr oc e d u re w h e n ttk i n e*'ri -,r n s es h o w er: We f d o wn, s olp do_ w n , s c n rb d o w n , d o w n, sh u tti n g lhe wat er of f b e trv e c nti rn c s .

USE

SEruTRY SOAP It Safeguards:-

Your Health Your Clothes Your Pocketbook

There is no better Soapsold in Guamfor the price.

Even the wrappers afe valuable; Your storekeeper will accept them in payment for goods

"IoRoCo


THE GUAM RECORDER

116

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JULV t926

SHIPPING NOTES

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The S S . GR A C E D OLLA R , () J. Joksta d, ilI ast er , a,rri vedat Guam on 9 June, 1926from S an n 'r ancisco. C al i forni a, carryi ng on troarcj1651tons of freighr ,r ind 257 bags of mail for Guam.

BORDALI.,O'S Taxi Service

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Li eut. J. C . H eck, U . S . N . and rvi fe; Li eut . - jg. A. L. Il anri i n, U . S . N . and rvi fe; Li rl ut.-C or ndr . C. J. B rol vn, (MC ), U . S . N ., rvi fc anC sri n; Li c ut . t r '. D. W ai kcr' , (N {C ),II. S . N , w i fe and 3 chi } dron; Lieut . C apt. \Y . F. Becker , P . J. P cnner, (S C ), U .S .N .; U S .\d.C ., * .' i fe anrl son; Fi rst Li eut. W . L. Har ding. U . S . M. C . and w i fe; S econclLi eut. A . W. Kr eiser , U . S . M. C . ancl rvi fe;N urse N . A . E rw i n, U. S. N. ; Mi ss E . S hrpl ev cl aughterof Governor S h apley; L. W . Fontni ne' , C i vi l i nn empl oyee; L. E Townley, C i vi l i an empl oyee;7 enl i sted men N avv; 32 enlist cC men Mal i ne C orps; 2 C i vi l i ans (Troop C l a ss) . The S .S . GR A C E D OLLA R , C . J. Jokstad, hf ast er , sai l edfor C avi te, P .I , on 15 June, 1926,w i t h 27 bags of ni ai l and the fol l ow i ng pbssengersfrom G ua. m : [{rs John G. C l ausi ng, Mi ss Inez n' . S ante] la, Nf essr s. Leon D . Fl ores, A macl or B el l ermi no, Toma s R. M esa, X're<lC. Peterson, Illiguei S. Garrido and Ma,rgarito D . P al ti ng. D trP A R TU R E S V IA . U . S . S . C H A U $I O NT n'nou Gueu To Uwrrnn Srerns Frnsr Cr,e.ss Li eutenant N orman R oberts, (X { C ), LI. S. N. , wif e and 2 sons, Li eui . H enry A . S tanl ey, U .S. N. , wlf e and 2 sons, Li eut.-j g. R obert P . Lew i s, U .S. N. , wif c. and son, C aptai n E arl C . N i chol as. U .S .l ' I . C. , Fir sl, Li eut. John G. C l ausi ng, Il . S . l \{ . C ., Mrs. Jam es B. Ayres, Nfrs. Carl E. Buckler and 2 sons, l,[rs. George S. Corbeil a,ncl4 children, il{rs Jacl<G. Baker, ilf rs. E drvard McV ey, Mrs. S tephen S koda, N Iiss Cynt hia Johnston. Inoop Cr,ess N i ne, U .S . N avy, E nl i sted P ersonnel. ' Ihi rty-tl i ree, U .S .N {.C .,,E nl i sted P erso nnel. V i cente C . Tai j i to, C i vi l i an. Fnort (*u,q,u To HoNorur,u, T. H. Tnoop Cress A ntoni o I. C ruz, S chool Teacher, N atal G over nment of Guarn. X'noM Gu,s.MTo MeNrr,^t, P. I. Frnsr Cr,,tss C aptai n W al ter E . N {cOaughi ry,U .S . Mar ine Cor ps.


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THE GUAM RECORDER

1926

Jo ac him P . O laiz , Bi s h o p o { Gu a m, a n d B ro ther Jesusde Borgona. 'fnoop Cr,ess Gunner y S gt . , n' ra n k Mc C a n n , U . S. M. C . R e ti red. 'l w eniy - t r v o, E nlis te d P e rs o n n e l ,U .S .N I.C . Ma s t er J am es L. U n d e rw o o d , J e s u sD . B a z a , Juan P. Nlar binez . Fnou l{eNrr,e, P.I., 'fo UNrrnu Srerps Il rs . J ulr r r C. Cla u s i rrg . Th e J apanes eS c h o o n e r'" i \IA R IA N A 1 \IAR U " , K . Oka no, il{ as t er , ar r i v e c l a t G u a n r o n 2 3 J u n e , 1926, f ro n r Y ok t , har na, Ja p a n v i a S a i p a n , I\l .I., l rv i th cargo o I mer c har r dis ean d th e fo l l o w i n g p a s s e rrg ersfor Gu a r n: P ec lr o Ad a , P e d ro P. Es te b a n , D oi ores '\[. I L e o r r Cluer r er o, O l i v a C . Z a fra , N i c o l a s C . D i az, Ju a rr Cr uz , P edr oG o g o P a l o rn o , J u a rr d e l o s Reyes, Jo se f ade los Rey es , Vi c e n te L e o n C ru z , J o a q u i n \r. Sa .n tos , , I oaquina ' l ' o rre s C a s tro , It)m i l i ,r S . T o rres, , i ta Sa n to sT o rl e s , D o i ores -l 'ra rrc is c S o a. nt os ' l ' o rre s R 'f , Il o belt o, I gnat : ia A. Il o b e rto , L o re n z a A . R o b erto, Jo se phR. Rober lo, ' fh o ma s R . R o b e rto , J u l i a na P . To rre s , J os e l. A d a , L i d i a T . A d a , F e Ii x -F . Perez, Pe d ro D. P er ez , H. G . I{ o rn b o s ti e l , E s te l l a P . Perez, a rrd J u; c P . P elc z .

Dueto arriveGuam Th e U. S . S . NAP A, Sb a ,ti o nT u g , w i l i p ro b abl y a rri ve f lom Cav it e, J u l y l . Th e nex t Dollar S te a m S h i p i s e x p e c te d to j eare Sa n F r anc is oo,s or n e ti mei n A u g u s t.

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N Y A i , R E MItI)IE S , and Toi l et speci al ti es,Tr y tnel l ).

Ir' orafl el shavi ng A R C TI-K OL (IC E C OLD) an after shavi ng Loti on especi al l ymade for t he tropi cs. For Iri testi nal W orms, use \rermi col B on-Bons. ..Tf,.Y OU R S OOIE TIJ C H OC OLA TtrS . Guaranteed Qua ) it y. Agent for EASTMAN

KODAK

SUPPLIES

The dependabi eK ocl ak Fi l m i n the yel l orv Box. FOR Ii E S U LTS :K OD A K FILM

Load rvi tl -r K ()D A K FILI I and l et us do your fi ni shing. In S bocki n al l si zes, al ways.

CopraShipments S. S . G r aee Dolla r, J u n e s tri p me n t, C o p ra l {eal , 1 5 tons , Coc onut O i l , ? 1 6 to n s , C o p ra i n b a g s, 62 to n s. T ot al 293 t on s . T h e to ta l s h i p me n tso f Copra fo r 1 9 26, t o dat e, 81 6 to n s .

DELAYED MAILSERVICE W hy it re qu ires s o long t o r ec eiv e a r eply in t h e U nit ed Sta tes to mail s ent t o G uam ; ' f he ex t r em e l y irregular de pa rture of s t eam er s f r om San Fr anci s c o bound fo r Gua m d ur ing t he pas t t hr ee y ear s , c a u s e s comm un ica tion b 1' r nail t o be v er y uns at is f ac t or y. I f your lette r sh o'a ld ar r iv e in San Fr anc is c o, f r o m w hich p oin t all rn ails ar e dis pat c hed t o G uar n, o n e da1' 21 1.t th e ve ssel has s eilec l f or t his plac e, if m a 1 , la,v th ere frou r six to eight r v eek s bef or e it c an s t a r t again on its wa,v to G uam ; t hen it r nus t s penc l f r o r n t$rentl'to th irtS' da v s elt r out e; af t er ar r i' , , ai at t h i s port, arrother six weelis nia1.'el:ipse before a repl-r' can be dispa tcire d from her e. I t m us t t hen go t o Nla n i l a , P . L, Flo ng lion g an d Shanghai, China, and t o Ja p a n and Honcluiu on its r,va1,' to Sarr I.'rancisco; this requires a bo ut thirtv-fiv e day s pr ov ided im niediat e c o n nection u 'ith a nra il s t eam er is r nade at - Nla n i l a . N o ma il is clispa tch ed dir ec t f r om G r r am t o any p o r t in t h-- ilnite d Stat es . Unav oidable c lelay s o c c u r occasion all-v rvh ich m al. : e it im pos s ible t o get a r e p l y to a lette r fron t th e [ I . S. bac ] < t o t he s ender in l e s s than fir.e lno nth s. I f it happens t hat t he s hip br i n g ing t he ma il ren .rai ns at t hi' . spor t a f er v day s , or t h e S t atilrr Shin sa ils for M anila r v it hin a v v eek or so . i t is t her r po ssible to get r eplies bac k t o t he s ende r l i n about tj.ree nlo nth s.

T TNIFORMSYOU

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wILL Btr PRouDoF

SUITS {-NILIAN U FROCKCOATS

,,i,Il"o "coATS" SINGLEAND DOUBLE BREASTED EACH SUIT TAILOREDTO MEASURtr

G. KUROKAWA CUSTOMTAILOR BI,K'S CI,UB BUII,DING AGANA


THE GUAM RECORDER

118

JVLY L926

VITAL STATISTICS May 1926 . Male 36 17

B i rths D eaths IncreaseP opul ati on Marriages

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Duo Dor,rxqunxt .Irrly ist. July 3lst. Januarvist. Jarruary 31st

WATER

P enal ty: U nmeterecl C onnecti ons, 50 per cent of amount of tax on Jul y rst. roo per cent of amount of tax on January l st. Metered C onnecti on. roo D er cent of tax 6 months after i ax i s dtre.

:I. PERSO\AL Penalty,91.00 1st. Decembei Jul.y1st. N0TE: RealEstate taxesareduethismonthanda penalty ai l0% will beimposed if notpaidbefore July31st.

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TTENBANK SF GgJAi?? E$TABil$ffit) 19t5, Capitai Surplus Deposits

28 30

Li i rrneterecl C onnecti ons j anuary 1st. Jtrne 30t h. : ]l etel ed C onnecti orrs l st. .H aIf year June 30th. Jui y 31st . 2d. H al f year D ec. 31st. Jenu ar y 31st .

when near the Post Office.

his, or her favorite Beverage.

l1 13

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P enal ty; ro per cent of amount of tax each mont h.

2.

One may sit here and sip

t9

Total

TAXES AREDUE 1. lt}tA L IISTATE lst. Half 2d Hal f

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Female 22 11

$ 15,000.00 36,000.00 277,351.00

CORtTilSPONDE}i'f S IJANKS 'l h e I iquit able 1 ' ru s t C o . o f N e w Yo rk , N . Y . W e11,F; ar g o Ba rrl <a U n i o n T rri s t C o ., San I.-rancisco, T he B ank of H a rv a i i , L tc l .. H o n o l u l u . T . H. I nt er nat io u a l l 3 a n k i n g C o rp o ra ti o n , N Ia n i l a , P . I. I nt er naiio n a l ts a n k i n g C o rp o ra ti o n , Y o k o h a n ra , J a p a n . l{ederlancische IJan<11e }{aatschappij, Sh a n g h a i , C h i n a . Neder lancl s c h eH a n d l e M a a ts c h a p p i j , Ilongkong, China. Cashier's Drafts issued to depositors free of ch ar ge up t o $3 0 0 .0 0 i n v a l u e . M o n e 5 r tel egraphed to all parts of the rn'orld. Personal and Comrnercial Letters of Credit. American Bankers Association Travelerst Cheques . We offer general banking facilities necessary t he t r ans ac t i o n o f p u b l i c b u s i n e s s .

rT YOU I LtrT US SER,VE

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READER,SoF THrS PAPERAND iNVrrE THEM ALL To VISIT

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sHrhroHARA's ilI r.IAGATNA ilI GAS KITCHEN NEArcr i Nr ic- \r LT'Tr r EATFr { il

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MEAI,SAT ALL H'URS

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,o""ial attentiongivento cateringfor P,rrties,Picnics,and Japanese ])itrners

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Hot waffieswith syrup every dal'

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JrJt.y 1926

THE GUAM RECORDER

GUAM A POPULAR PORT SEVENTY YEARS AGO Th e f ollowing H i s to ri c a l S k e tc h o f th e Governme n t, P r oduc t s ,Re s o u rc e s F , o re i g n e rs ,R e l i g i o n , etc. are reprinted from "'fhe tr'riend",a shipping magazine p u b l is hed in t he ' 50 s , b y th e s h i p p i n g p e o p i ea n d the me rchant s of Hono l u l n , a n d p re s e rv e di n tb e Dartrn o u t h I ns t it ut e W h a l i n g M n s e u m, a t N e rv B e d ford, Ma ss . lV e ar e inde b te d to L t.-C o m d r. P.J . S e arl es, (C EC ) U. S Nav . v , a n d I,Ir. $ ./a ts o n ,C u ra to r of rhe l l L rse nm f or t his inte re s ti n g a rti c l e . It r v iil be not e d th a t th e re a re c e rta i n e rrors i n s pelling. punc t u a ti o n , e tc ., b u t a s th e s e o ccur i n t he or iginal a rti c i e , th e y h a r.e b e e n c o pi ed e xr c 1ll . - I : Dt T oR . 'l h e Ladr one or \ { a ri a n Is l a n c i sa re tw e l rrei n numb e r, s iluat ed bet we e n 1 3 t a n d 1 9 o N . L a ti tu d e and 1 4 5 ' and l46o B L o n g i tu d e . ' l h e y w e re c l i s c overeci b 5 ; Magellan in t he 1 ' e a r 1 5 2 0 , a n d w e re n a m ed by h i m I, : r c lr one( t he Sp a n i s h w o rd fo r th i e f) Is l ands, fro m t he c ir c ur ns t a n c eo f th e n a ti v e s h a v i n g stol en th e ru c lder of one of h i s b o a ts . In 16, t 0 or t her e a b o u ts , th e g ro u p w a s ta k e n posse ssi o nof by S pain , r,v h e n c eC a th o l i c P ri e s ts w ere se n t o ut as M is s ion a ri e s , a c c o mp a n i e db y o th er i nd i vi d u als em power e dto e s ta b l i s ha l o c a l g o v e rn m ent. i \b out t he y ear L6 7 2 ,th e S p a n i s h M i n i s try d e ci ded th a t th e s um appr op ri a te cfo i r th e s u p p o rt o f th e Gove rn men[ and M is s io n a t th o s e Is l a n d s w a s a u sel ess e xp e ndit ur e and with e l d i t a c c o rd i n g l y , re s o l v ing to re ca l 1 t he of f ic ials a n d p ri e s ts a n d s u ffe r th e n a ti l es to re l aps eint o t heir fo rme r c o n d i ti o n o f h e a th e ni sm. Their resolution would have been carried into efiect b u t fo r t he m agnani mo u si n te rp o s i ti o n o f N l a ri a na of Au stria, t hen Q ue e n o f S p a i n , w h o o ffe re d to bequeath the whole of her jervels to create a funcl for th e fu r t her m aint ena n c eo f th e G o rre rn me n ta n c'Mi l ssi o n . Her offer was accepted, the fund created, and out of it a sufficientsum J,'earlyappropriated to the object to wh i c h it was des i g n e d .fo r u p w a rd s o f o n e h u n dred and fifty years, when the Spanish Government resu me d t he ex pendit u re . Si n c e t he per f or ma n c e o f th i s g e n e ro u sa c t b y the Sp a n is h Q ueen t he g ro u p h a s b e e n k n o w n th ro ugho u t S pains dom inio n s b y n o o th e r n a m b th a n the Ma ri anas . Th e only I s lauds i n th e g ro u p , i n h a b i te d p e rman e n tl y ar e G uam and R o ta . T h e o th e r te n a re vi si te d p e r iodic ally by re s i d e n ts o f G u a m w h o p ro cure fro m them c oc onut o i l , b e e f, p o rk , a rro w -ro o t, y a ms, e tc., i n abundanc e" Sa ypan is t em por a ri l l ' s e ttl e d b l ' a b o u t 3 0 0 n a ti ves o f th e Car oline f s la n d s , rv h o , b 1 ' p e rmi s s i o n o f the Governor of the Marianas, n'ere allowecl to locate th e re eight or t en y e a rs s i n c e , u n d e r th e j u ri s d i cti on o f a n A lc ade s ent f r o m Gu a m. T h i s Is l a n d i s b e auti fu l l y fer t ile. Ro ta is a s m all but v e ry p ro d u c ti v e Is l a n d a n d conta i n s a bout 400 inhab i ta n ts . l\rearly all the Islands in the group are noted for th e i r e xc eet ling f er t il i ty ; b u t G u a m, o r Gtra h a n (as th e i n h abit ant s c all i t) h a v i n g th e a d r-a n ta g e so f po-

r19

si ti on, harbor, popul ati on, etc., i s the most fre quent ed. It i s the southernmostof the group, bei ng it lat . 13o N orth contai ns 8,500 i rrhabi tants; i s i n lengt h from N . E . to S . W . about 35 mi l es; and has a cir cumferenceof about ei ghty. It i s ri chl y ferti l e and presentsa most att r act ive' appearance_ on bei ng approached,on account of t he l uxuri ant fol i age w hi ch cl othesi t to the rrater's eclge. B acl i froi n the seashorethe l and ri ses gradu ally t o the hei ght of sometrvo or three thousand feet, and is beauti fui i y di versi fi edthronghoui n' i th hi l l s a nd vaileys. It has forests dense enough to affor-dsuch protecti cn to the numberl essherds of deer r,vh ichf r equent them, that though for severalyears there har . e been no restri cti oi .i supor] the i ree pursui t of thenr as game, thei r number seems to remai n undi mi n ished, notw i t.hstandi ng that ntal l v a tabl e i s n-eek ly, and perhaps oftener, graced w i th a haunch of venison. For si xty years after they w ere fi rst i ntrodnce d f r cnr C hi na upon the Isi ands, they w ere protected f r cm mol estati onby 1aw ,duri ng w hi ch ti rne tbe5'j ncr eased to such an extent that the prohi bi ti on w as consider ed no l onger fl ecessary. pi geons erc., i s abunOther game as sni pe, r,vi l c1 dant. There are a-few horses and mul es upon t he Isl and, but of too i nferi or descri pti on to be of m uch servi ce. C attl e of rvhi ch there a pl enty.'of a gcod qual i ty, are used as beasts of burden and as r idins ani mal s. The A gri cul tural products are vari ous. {ndian corn, r,vhi chi s the stapl e arti ci e of foocl, i s raised in abundance. R i ce al so, i s rai sed to a consi dera bleextent, S ugar-caneti rri ves w el 1. Y anrs and sw eet pot atoei , famous for thei r superi or qual i ty, are abu ndant . . N o pai ns have been taken tc i ntroduce an_ \gr - eat vari ety of frui ts, but such as there are - or anges, chi rnovas, mangoes, 1i mes,gtl avasretc., are i n t heir respective seasons l'erJ' fine. Of the first named there are tw o crops a year. The nati ve i rl habi tants are peacefrl l , fruga l, and hospi tabl e, but rather prone to i ndol ence. Good land i s so abunC ant and free that each man i s al l owed t o possessas truch as he choses to cul ti vate, and t heir habi ts bei ng si rnpl e and thei r r,yantsfen' , a very lit t ie l abor pl sduces enough for thei r necessi ti esa nd beyond that they have no anxi ety. The1. are a t r if le l i ghter i n col or than the l far,vai i ans,and but for t he tracesof thei r Mal ay ori gi n l vhi ci r thei r counte nances sti l l more or l ess retai n, w oul d be consi deredm uch better l ooki ng. Thei r cl w el l i nss are of w ood r n'it h thachedroofs and are el evatedon poststo the height h of three or four feet from the ground, and being of uni forn si ze and bi ri l t i n regr-rl arrow s and all t horoughl,r' rvhitervashedgive the tor,r'nsand villages a very neat appearance. The Government offi ci al s and pri ests, r,vhoar e all from S pai n, and the better cl assesof the res ident s general l y l i ve i n houses of coral w i th ti l e r oof s. These dw el l i ngs are remarkabl y s' s11 construct ed, spaci ous, comfortabl e and adapted to the cl im at e, rvhi ch i s verr' -qi mi l arto that of the l { aw aj i an g r c11p.


120

THE GUAM RECORDER

the Tra de s b ein g as c ons t ant t her e as her e. lhe relig ion is R om an Cat holic ex c lus ile 11. ,e s t a b lished a nd sup po rt ed by t he G ov er nm ent and a l l i t s requ ireme nts, rites, and c er enonies ar e s t r ic t l y o b served . It's ca tec his m is t he ir r inc ipai les s c n 1 2 1 - . g h t iri th e scho ols, d nd im ages of t ir e Vir gin r . r e d a i l y ' kne1t to in e r.'ery dwelling. An air of nr or a l i t 5 - , orde r an d pe ace th at is t r uly c om nr endable per v a d e s the Isia nd s. The pr inc iple t own on G uam is c a i l e d A gala. It con tai ns 50Ci0 inhabit ant s , is r v el i l a i c l out a nd i-lle,rsan tly loc at ed, and is t he plac e o f r e s i detrce o f th e Gover nm ent of f ic ials and of t he A n : e r i c:rn co nsul. The la t t er has Lr eenr es iding t her e a b o u t a year. Ife an <l his Sec r et ar y , and t he ho s p i t a l physician a re th e only { * . t ic ans r v ho har r e e v e r located th ere ; be s ides r , r ' hom t her e ar e f our o l h e r foreig ne rs, Eng lish m en. No fo reig ne r is r r llowed t o r es ide at G uam $' i t h c u t having pe rso na lly obt ained per m is s ion lr om t he G o r 'erno r Gen era l of t he Philippine I s ianc ls at \ I a r r i l a , under rvho se dire c t iur is dic t ion t he M ar iana s a r e piaced . Th e d ela l' and t r ouble at t ending t he p r o cnring of su ch pe r m is s ion at M anilla, and t he n t i r e difif r t'irlt-vo f :<ettin g f r oni t ir er e t o G uam , an opp o r t 1 1 . nity scarcely occu r r ing onc e a 5' ear , u' ill ac c ou n t f o r the fa ct tha t, no twit hs t anding it s at t r ac t ilene:s ; s o few fore ign ers reside at t he lat t er I s land. A ve ssel with m onel' and hous ehold s uppli e s f o r tlie o fhcrals au d Pr ies t s is y ear ll' ex pec t ed at G u a m frorr Ma rri11 a, de la, v s in s ailing, and head w i n d s of t en ca use in tervals of eight een m ont hs t o e l a p s e betrvee n two arrivals . A s will be se en i n t he adv e r t is ing c olr lm ns o f t h j s paper, I{e s-q rs. Thom as Spenc er & Co. hav e e , " t a b lished a Sh ip Ch anCler i, ' at G uam . f ' his wil l r : n do' -rb ted ly be an inr por t ant adt ' lit ion t o t he m a n y at t raction s which hav e s o long r ender ed G u a m a frvar ite pla ce of res or t f or t he whaling f leet . W 'e a re ple ased t o lear n t hat t he Uuit ed S t a t e s C cnsu l lo ca ied at G uar n, Capt . Sam uel J M a s t e r s , firrm e rll' Police N{ agis t r at e o{ Lahaic a, is as u , 'e i 1 aopr eciattd in his of f ic ial and s oc ial c apac il; ' a s t h e follorving Card, r,vhich \ve copy frorn the A'ezuBed.fcrd Merc ury 1a tely receir r ed, int im at es : " : '\g an a, Gu am, T, adr one I s lands , l\ , I ar c h 1 8 5 5 . " A Card .- We the under s igned, M as t er s of A m e r ical Wha le-ship s anc hor ed in t he adiac ent c o m m o rlious ha rbo r of Apr a, des ir e t o m ak e a p u b l i c expressio n of the gr at if ic at ion u' e deiiir ed f r or n o u r pres:nt vi'it he re and t o r ec om r nend t his po r t 1 o ot he r Masters, as af f or ding as m an1. ' adr ant r gc s i n point of econ omy, c c nv ienienc e, anC f ac ilit ie s f o r obta inin g recruits as any ot her in t he Pac if ic . "W'e are especiall-v pleased 'rn'ith the mtlnicipal regu latio ns o f the f s lands , s o s t r r pas s ingl- v eff i c i e n t w ith re ga rd to se am en, t hat es c ape on s hor e b- v t h o s e disposed to de se rt is im pos s ible. "We wou ld a ls o r em ar k t hat we c ons ide r t h e at t ractive ne ss of the plac e not a iit t le enhanc e d b 1 ' the re sid en ce h ere of Capt ain S. J . Nlas t er s of N e r , v Y ork, Unite d Sta tes Cons ul f or t h js gr oup of I s l a n d s ; w ho, b y h is u rba nit y and unif or m k indnes s s e c u r e s the re ga rd of a ll who hav e int er c our s e lt it h him , a n d

IULY

192t

w hose prompt, effi ci ent and j udi ci ous di schar ge cf the duties of his office renders him valuable to the interests of N{asters. " W ' e are grati fi ed to l earn that, under hi s auspices, a S hi p C handl ery i s abcut to be establ i she d her e, which, with other inrprovements now in progress under hi s superr,i si on,r,vi l l render thi s port a s'r ij1 more pcpul ar resort for both W hal ers and Mer chanlmen. " (si gned.) W m. E ari , S hi p Ji reh S l vi ft. S am' 1 B . \[eac1er,S hi p Mar-th a. E dw i n Gri nnel l , S hi p A rab. C harl es A . B onney, S hi p I,ewr s. P eter J. S ri ri th, S hi p V oung lf ect or . S am' 1B . P i erson. S hi p Il dgar . W m H . P endl eton. S hi l P hoenix. S tephen K empton, S hi p C ondor . S amuel H . A ndreu' s, S hi p Jur . r ior . W n. T. I{ aw es, S hi p Ornegar . A nsel Tri pp, B ark C cssack. and subsequentl ysi gned by others.)'

Y : s

1'lEW ARRIVAL5 A mong the arri val s on the l ast tri p of the Chaumont w ere Mr. L. W . tr' ontai neand Mr. L. E . Townl ey. Mr. Fonbai nei s the Foreman of P ubl i c Wor ks and Mr. Tow nl ey i s the Instrumentman, sa, m edepartment. Mr. Fontai ne i s an " ol d ti mer" havi ng been conti nuosl y empi oyed at the N aval S tati ons at O ior igapo and C avi te fol tw enty-one years. D ul i n g t his ti me he has hel cl several di fferent techni cal r at inEs ancl has becn i n charge of several l arge and im poitant proj ects fol the N avy. H e has a reputat ion us a,huntel and has h:rd some very unusual exper iences al ong thi s l i rc. H e i s not as acti ve as he use d t o be but i t i s i roped that " w i l d haw g" and veni son in seaw i l l mal i e i ts appearance on our tabl e s m or e -qon often as a resul t of hi s i ncl i nati on to emul at e Nir nrod IIo i s nn ex-servi epnran. Mr. Tow nl ey i s a younger man but has been in the empl oy of the N avy for sevcral ycat' s, his last cl uty ha,vi ng ti ecn al thc N avai S l ati on, S an Diego, C al i forri a, It i s understood that hi s dri ti cs r vill be al ong l i nes si mi l ar to those of hi s predecess or ',M r . B utl cr, w ho i s w el l remetnbei edby the maj or it y of our l ocal resi dents. Mr. Tow nl c\' $' as " & cross t he pond" as a soi di er duri ng thc W orl d W a,r.

LOST ARTS OFEGYPT N l a n y o f t h e b e a u t i f u i a r t s o f E g y t , t b e c a m e l o st r 'n t h e b r e a k u p o f r h e r v o r l d 's o l c i e s t c i v i l i z a t j c . n n o r h a s a n y m o d e r n b e e n a b l e t o r e c o r t s t i t u t e t h e i r t e ch n i q u e . T h e p i c t u r e o f a n c i e n t E g l 'p t g i r e n i n t h e Bi b l j ca l p a r t o f C e c i l B . D e l \ {i l l e 's p r c c l u c t i c n , " T h e Te n C o m m a n d r n e n t s , " t o b e s e e n b e g i n l i n g J u l y 5, a t th e C i n e G a i e t 5 't h e a t r e , i s s a i d t o a f f o r d t h e m o st i n tj m a t e v i e w y e t p r e s e n t e d o { t h i s n a t i o n o f a r ti sts. N e i t h e r 1 h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f m u s e u m c o l l e c t i o n s, n o r e v e n p e r s o n a l r 'i s i t s t o t h e t o r r l b s l i k e T u t- a n kh a f i l e n 's , c a n r e p r o d u c e h i s t o r i c a l r e a l i t S ' t o co m p a r e n 'i t h t h e s c r e e n . M r . D e N l i i l e 'v r a s a i d e c l i n h i s ta sk bl' scholars of repute who saw to it that the reconstruction was accurate,

a


THE GUAM RECORDEH

IULV 1926

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS

I I

Ave ragedir ec t ion of rv i n d E -SE Ma xi ur ur n wind m tl v e me n [- 2 4 h rs . 2 7 7 trl i l es tr Mi n u m unr wind n.ro v e m o n t- 2 4 h rs . 1 0 6 Ma xi r nur n v el< ic it yfo r o n e h o u r 2 0 .0 0 ' { .' 1 .tt Average velocity for 30 days Ma xi m nm bar om e te r 2.9.80Inches Mi n i m um bar or nete r 29.68 Total rainfall l.t4 Average ternperature 89.1 Des. Se i sm ogr apirr ec or d s Quakes perceived 0

tr{ay 16th. 22nd, " 23rd. " 23rd. " 23rd.

7:50:50, 2:44:20, 8: 20:50, 9:22:00, 9 : 59:05,

D i re c ti o n aa

tI

a.m.

a. nl.

D-W E-\\' N-S N_S

'(

a. lr .

E-W

Meets S econd and Fourth Monday E ven ings Stated Communication SeconriMonday of thc Month.

Acaxa Loncp No. 1281 BENEVOLENT ANDPROTECTIVE ORDER OFELKS MpnrrNe

Nrcurs

Frnsr ANr Tsrno

Wpnxpsoays

fi Guum Eo*g Sen'x Tftewgut Agana, (6,u.xur-

,.MI]ETINGS'' Regular Meetings first Saturday of every month 8:00 P . N { . Generai l\{eelings tiiird Saturday of September and llarch

.

HIGH

L - 12:47 2-A.M. 3 - 12:39 41:33 52:31 63:30 7 - 4:28 85:18 I 6:07 10 -_ 6:53 1l 7:39 12 - 8:28 13 9:22 l0:21 14 15 - 11":26

t

a .rn . p .m .

TIDETABLE JULY.1926 P. M.

t

$ree anb $,crepfel $d*ans Under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodse Of The Philippine Islands.

Noon - Daily - l'Iay 1926.

SEISMOLOGICAL RECORDS

I

$.Iladertnnpulge fir' aa

Ag a n a , Gu a m,

GoNpRAL BAPTIST MISSIoN Houns on lVlparrncs

StrNn.ty:-

P . t{ .

11:49 2 :03 3 :04 3:54 4:38 5: 18 5:56 . 6:32 7:08 1.A,1

8:20 d :D,:)

9:30 10:04 l0:36

16 - 12:33 17 1:35 18-A.IlI. l9 - 12:35 20 1:37 212:47 22 3:50 23 4:53 24 5249 25 6:45 26 7:42 27 8:42 28 9:48 29 - I 0:59 30 3l -

I 1.:12 l1:49 9..ra 3: 16 4:01 4:44 5:27 6: 11 6:54 7:38 8 :21 9:05 9:49 10:32

12:i6 lt27

NOTICE TOADVERTISERS Owing to the limited facilities for printing, - Advertisers are informed that making changes in their advertisementsafter the 15th. of the month of issue, causesconsiderable inconvenience, and delays getting the paper out on time.

PLEASE MAKE YOUR CHANGES BEFORE THE15TH.

S unday S chool ---__ __g:8 0A. Nt . P rcachi ng i n E ngl i sh and C harnorro--10:30A. M . Chilclren's Lile Traininq Classes_3:00 P.l,L Y oung P eopl e' s C hri sfi an E ndeavor-_7:00P. I \ 1. Preachingin English, Evangelistic 8 :00 P.tri. Il i bl : S chool Tuesrl ny-- ________-7:3 0P. M . Nfidu'cck Prayer Meeting Thur., 8:00 P.M. l Y .e corrl i al l t, i nt,i tc you to come to any of t host ' servl ces. A .L. Luttml l , P asto r .

Pnorns'raxr DlvrNp SnRvrcns Naver, Sr,rrroN, Gueu, l{olrrr Or Jur,y Jul y

411 18 25 -

The tr{anw i th a C ountry. W hat,' si u the Log? W l r.v JeeusC ame. W hrrt Jesusbri nss us.

Services areheldevery Sunday: i0:00 A.M. N{arineI}arracks, Sumay 11:00 A .\{ . 7:30 P .M.

S couti ngS quadron, N o. One, Sum ay D orn H al l , A gana W . R . l l al l C hapl ai n, II. S . N avy


I I

1919 1920 L92T 1922 L923 I924 1925

BUICKFIRST I.i rst choi ce of di spl ay space at the N ati onal Aut omobi l e S how s i s not l eft to chance. It goes, each year, to the member of the N ati onal A utor nobile C hamber of C ommerce w hose dol l ars erndcent s volume of busi nesshas topped al l others. publ i c pr ef erence for B ui ck motor cars has ci ven thi s hor c; r t o B ui ck agai n thi s year, as i n every one of the prececli ng seven.

And

Again 1926 in

t I

st.place at the l{atiar}z}l Autcmabile Shows

ATKINS, KROLL & CO., AGENT ==EXPORTHRS IIVTPORTERS Mp Ms p n -

Gueu

C nl nrspn On C osruptcu

I I


The Guam Recorder Vol.3, No.4 July 1926  

In partnership with the Micronesian Area Research Center, Guampedia is e-publishing the Guam Recorder. The Guam Recorder was a monthly maga...

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