HAS THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY SOLD ITS SOUL TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT A special report complete in this issue
» * < \ 75/ \ j y
SOUTH At Cleveland Ave.; 5 min. to airport; free airport limo service; close to downtown and sports stadium. NEW LOUNGE OPEN! Phone 767-2694.
EAST r^ VZU/ At Moreland Ave.; 2 mih. to sports stadium and downtown; \ ^
near airport and Emory University. Phone 524-1281. WEST (brand new!) At Fulton Industrial Blvd.; 2 min. to Six Flags Over Georgia and Fulton County Airport; free airport limo; 8 min. to sports stadium and downtown. NEW LOUNGE OPEN! Phone 344-9310.
*a*^ \ 75/ X^/
NORTHWEST At Howell Mill Road; near Georgia Tech and downtown, sports stadium, Lockheed and Marietta. Phone 351-1220.
• Room Telephones
• Swim Pools
• Central Heat and Air
General Motors is pe< making better products for pi •
Don Trites's dummies lead a rough life. For your sake. To Don Trites, these dummies are very special people. True. Their expressions never change, but they do have feelings. Mechanical feelings that can be measured by Don in moving simu-
lated impact tests.These tests have helped GM safety engineers find and develop automotive designs that are safer for real people. The tests go on day after day, year after year, ever increasing in
sophistication and value. Safety is an important part of every General Motors car. Maybe that's why Don thinks his dummies are something special. They're silent heroes.
Don Trites, experimental technician, General Motors Proving Ground, Milford, Michigan.
RAMBLIN' • THERE are never enough Charlie Commanders in this age in which we live nor does it appear likely that the future will see any increase in the breed. The prototype on the Tech campus of the man who lived completely by his own convictions . . . the gentle man interested in others . . . the quiet man dedicated to making this a better place to live simply by his own example . . . died on Sunday evening, March 19, in an Atlanta hospital. After major surgery a few months back Charlie returned to the campus for a few weeks, but a recurrence of a serious lung problem drove him back to the hospital a few days before pneumonia moved in and took him. To those gruff, often-unfeeling people like us, Charlie Commander was an enigma of immense proportions. We remember him walking completely out of his way just to shake our hand and ask about the wife and children and the job and the other things that matter to a man. We can hear him now taking up his precious time to lecture us on our health and those dark circles under our eyes. For some reason he always made us think in terms of a small YMCA in that far-away-andlost-forever Pennsylvania town where a boy of 10 could swim and learn and play during those cold winter nights when there was no snow or ice to make the outdoor life attractive. He was the kind of man who could bring those things rushing back to you just by asking, "How are things going?" Those of us who have lost completely the innocence of youth and that almost unreal faith of the Charlie Commanders are the real losers when a man like him leaves our citadel. He knew why he was here and in the knowing he carried out with a great deal of dignity his self-assigned task of trying to make his segment of the world a better place by living by that golden rule which so often in our society is a measure going in a single direction. Too many of the rest of us have become the victims of confidences broken, lies told and heard, people stomping on us for the dollar or for power. And in turn we have reduced ourselves to the same level as those who have trespassed against us. The Charlie
— the editor s notes Commanders never fell into this trap. They returned the double-crosses by turning the cheek, the prejudicial actions by speaking a few soft words. One of the completely unheralded actions of Charlie Commander's reflects this facet of his character. In those confused days when integration was closing in on Tech and fear was the dominant force of the day, Charlie took it upon himself to hold a series of meetings with small groups of the top campus leaders and quietly discussed what could happen if the Tech students lost their heads or reacted too quickly to the outside pressures. He actually did little talking himself but led the boys into open discussions of their own attitudes and prejudices. It wasn't the only thing done to prevent another Athens or Oxford or Tuscaloosa but it had an impact all of its own. And we got through the crisis in such good shape we owe a great deal to him for it. You could go on and on about incidents that measured Charlie Commander as a man—the World Student Fund, the exchange programs, the leadership of the Tech YMCA in so many important segments of Tech life. But there is not enough room in these pages to tell the complete story any better than to say that he was a man who cared about others whether they were good or bad or indifferent. And he spent half of his life making Georgia Tech a better place for the students and the faculty and even those of us who were his administrative colleagues. He is missed.
A THERE HAS BEEN a great deal of talk in educational and industrial circles ever since World War II to the effect that engineers have no idea about what makes people tick. "They are lacking in the humanistic approach to life," is the constant cry of the liberal educators. "They don't care about anything but technology," cry others. The fact that the liberal education of today is sadly deficient in the sciences and technology in an age that is basically technological never seems to be mentioned by these people. The fact that the engineer is a disciplined
man is omitted while the liberal educators spend more and more of their time handing out less and less discipline in college curricula to their charges. The engineer has at least learned to work and has a sense of responsibility about his own profession. A case in point is Y. Frank Freeman, a 1910 Electrical Engineering graduate of Tech. Mr. Freeman, former executive vice president of Paramount Pictures, received his second honorary award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the 39th Oscar event last month. This one was for his service to the people of the industry and to the academy and he is the only man who has ever received this special award and the "Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award." It is significant that Mr. Freeman received the first of the eight Hersholt awards given out to date. In other words when the award was developed by the Academy, he was the top humanitarian in the industry which theoretically should be full of them. Being first is nothing new to Y. Frank Freeman. He was the first president of the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association after its reorganization following World War I. And when the Georgia Tech Foundation, Inc., was founded in 1932, he was one of the six petitioners for the charter and was elected its first president. No two organizations have done as much for the Institute as the two that Y. Frank Freeman first headed. He was looking ahead even that long ago. And he is an engineer.
• SPEAKING of engineers, the Cape Kennedy Georgia Tech Club is fortunate that it had a few practical ones around when its Orange Bowl charter bus broke down on the way back from that evening that most of us would as soon forget. At 1:15 A.M. on January 3, the bus driver discovered the brakes had gone on him and the engineers in the group said, "Why can't we fix it," a cry you will never hear around our house. The group got together and checked the problem and came up with the ultimate design solution. They then routed out a machine shop proprietor and mated the broken pedal to the actuator rod with baling wire and an " F " factor, and the bus took to the parkway arriving at Cocoa Beach at 5:30 A.M. rather than the noon or later that would have been the ETA sans the Tech ingenuity.B. W. TECH ALUMNUS
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Making voices from the depths sound deeper
Bell Telephone Laboratories has had a long-term interest in speech research—tracing back, indeed, to the work of Alexander Graham Bell. It was for this reason that the U. S. Navy asked us to investigate a
problem encountered in Sealab II. To prevent "bends" and nitrogen narcosis, the divers breathe a pressurized mixture of oxygen, nitrogen and helium, but the helium gives their voices an unnatural,
O l— —i
VOICE HARMONICS VOCAL-CORD PITCH: 100 Hz (FUNDAMENTAL)
Fundamental pitch and harmonics (vertical bars) for normal "air" voice sound (color) and "helium speech" sound (black). Note that the frequencies of the fundamental and harmonics do not change very much, whereas the envelope of the amplitudes shifts toward the right. Note also that the magnitude of the shift increases with increasing frequency.
"HELIUM SPEECH" INPUT
Block diagram of system for restoring helium speech to normal voice quality. Helium speech is fed to amplitude and pitch circuits. In the pitch circuits, the frequencies of the 34 lowest harmonics are determined. In the amplitude circuits, the power levels within each of 34 150-Hz intervals of the speech spectrum are determined. The amplitudes are shifted and applied to harmonics of lower frequency. In the modulators (right), these power levels control the loudness of the 34 harmonic frequencies... thus producing a pattern or envelope closely corresponding to the envelope of normal speech.
squeaky, Donald-Duck-like quality. As a result, voice communications between divers and people on the surface are seriously impaired. THE MAJOR PROBLEM is that the velocity of sound in the helium mixture is much higher than in air. This does not appreciably affect vocal-cord frequency, but does strongly affect the acoustic resonances of the vocal tract—which give the voice its characteristic sound quality. So, though fundamental voice pitch remains approximately the same (about 100 Hz in men), the amplitudes or loudness values of the various harmonics change markedly. Specifically, the pattern of these resonances (the envelope) shifts toward the higher frequencies (see graph), and voice timbre is grossly distorted. THE SOLUTION to this problem was found at Bell Laboratories by research scientists M. R. Schroeder, J. L. Flanagan, and R. M. Golden. The distorted "helium speech" is separated into harmonic frequencies and their amplitudes are measured (see diagram). Then the envelope of the harmonic amplitudes is shifted back toward the more normal or low-frequency condition. In other words, the amplitudes of the harmonics are adjusted to match a more normal envelope. As a test, the technique has been used on recordings of helium speech made in the U. S. Navy's Sealab II. The processed voices are readily understandable and sound enough like the speaker's "air" voice to be identifiable. Bell Telephone Laboratories Research and Development Unit of the Bell System
THE MAY 1967
GEORGIA TECH Volume 45
THE COVER As they become increasingly more dependent on the Federal Government for all types of funding from research to urban renewal and from graduate fellowships to construction money, the universities and colleges are continuously examining the keeping of their own souls. For more about "Life with Uncle" see page 19 of this issue which is*the beginning of a special report prepared for national distribution by a group of this country's leading alumni magazine editors. COVER ART BY JANE WALLACE
CONTENTS 4. RAMBLIN'—the editor bemoans the loss of one of a kind. 10. THE PROFESSOR SPEAKS OUT—David Comer of English has his say. 12. COMPUTERS ARE BURSTING OUT ALL OVER—even grammar schools use them. 15. MAN ON A TIGHTROPE—a director of admissions is profiled. 17. THE BRIGHTEST NEW FACE IS AN OLD ONE—the viewed.
19. LIFE WITH UNCLE—a national report is a shocker. 35. THE GEORGIA TECH JOURNAL—all of the news in gazette form. 5 1 . NATIONAL ELECTIONS—vote for your choice, now.
THE GEORGIA TECH NATIONAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OFFICERS AND TRUSTEES—Alvin M. Ferst, president • Howard Ector, Marietta, vice president i L. L. Gellerstedt, vice president • D. B. Blalock, Jr., treasurer • W. Roane Beard, executive secretary • Raymond A. Jones, Charlotte, N.C. • L. Travis Brannon, Jr. L. Massey Clarkson : Madison F. Cole, Newnan • George W. Felker, III, Monroe • Dakin B. Ferris s Allen S. Hardin « J. Leland Jackson, Macon s J. Erskine Love, Jr. • Philip J. Malonson, Marietta • Willard B. McBurney » George A. Morris, Jr., Columbus #Thomas V. Patton, Doraville • Charles H. Peterson, Metter « James P. Poole s S. B. Rymer, Jr., Cleveland, (Tenn.) : Talbert E. Smith, Jr. • J. Frank Stovall, Jr., Griffin « Marvin Whitlock, Chicago s Brian D. Hogg, associate secretary s Bill Poteet, assistant secretary •
THE GEORGIA TECH FOUNDATION, INCORPORATED
Life with Uncle
OFFICERS AND TRUSTEES—Oscar G. Davis, president • J. J. McDonough, vice president • Henry W. Grady, treasurer a Joe W. Guthridge, executive secretary • Ivan Allen, Jr. • John P. Baum, Milledgeville • Fuller E. Callaway, Jr., LaGrange * Robert H. Ferst s Y. Frank Freeman, Hollywood, California » Jack F. Glenn • Ira H. Hardin • Julian T. Hightower, Thomaston • Wayne J. Holman, Jr., New Brunswick • Howard B. Johnson a George T. Marchmont, Dallas • George W. McCarty • Jack J. McDonough • Walter M. Mitchell • Frank H. Neely • William A. Parker « Hazard E. Reeves, New York • I. M. Sheffield • Hal L. Smith • John C. Staton .-;. Howard T. Tellepsen, Houston • Robert Tharpe : William C. Wardlaw, Jr. • Robert H. White • George W. Woodruff • Charles R. Yates •
THE EDITORIAL STAFF Robert B. Wallace, Jr., editor » De Gilmore, editorial assistant « Harriet Erwin, class notes editor « Bill Poteet, advertising manager Published eight times a year—February, March, May, July, September, October, November and December—by the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association, Georgia Institute of Technology; 225 North Avenue, N.W., Atlanta, Georgia 30332. Subscription price 500 per copy. Second class postage paid at Atlanta, Georgia.
THE PROFESSOF= SPEAKS OUT
The second in an Alumnus series in which individual faculty members have their say on any subject that happens to be bothering them.
THE TECH STUDENT IS BEING SHORT-CHANGED
ou can't stay at a school 30 schools have improved vastly. years without loving or hating The Techman of today is responsive it. I have a genuine affection and a remarkably hard worker. I adfor the school and for the students. mire him for this even though I think It's a good thing for someone in Eng- he probably gives his least effort to lish to be at a school like this, because English because he considers it least in the classroom you are forced to talk important. And although he does work, about the real merit of literature, not he doesn't work as hard as he thinks its assumed virtue. he does or pretends to. Like his predecessor over the last It's easy enough for the student (with his pragmatic eye) to see the three decades, the Tech student is virtue of composition. It's not difficult courteous. In class he is always manto convince people they have to com- nerly. I have thought that might be municate. But literature is different due to the large number of southern in the sense that it can't be directly students. But if it is, courtesy is conrelated to making money or getting tagious because the students from out ahead in life. It's something else. It of the state and out of the country are has to do with enjoying life and get- also mannerly. ting along with other people. It is These are my compliments to the important in the less tangible segments studentsâ€”now for the criticism. of life than the weekly pay check. I find fault with him because he is Students can't deal with fiction, not a venturesome or an original young drama, poetry without looking at peo- man. He tends to be more concerned ple as other machines. Man is some- with pleasing the professor than inithing else besides an object in the uni- tiating thought. Perhaps this is the verse. He is a conscious, self-aware other side of the coin of courtesy. being. I think his principal weakness is a I've known Tech students for the self-centered parochialism. He is more past 30 years, and the man who sits concerned with getting a good job after in the classroom today is different he graduates than he is with getting from his predecessor. I'll admit that an education while he's here. It shows I don't know the students we have up in the mad pursuit of the grade now as well as I did when I used to point average. The student believes live in the dormitory. that an orderly progression is from But one thing I do know is that the studying hard to getting a good job to current students are better prepared having two cars and a suburban house. when they arrive. We've eliminated the I would like to see the Tech student simple-minded courses we used to have a passion about a generator or have. We no longer offer remedial al- carry on an affair with a quadratic gebra and grammar. But not all the equation. But excitement is the excepcredit should go to the students, high tion rather than the rule. 10
I miss this most acutely when I compare my own undergraduate days to the current situation. The students in my day were compelled to think about their social obligationâ€”something Tech boys don't like to do. We were involved in a depression and people had questions about economics, politics, and history. Perhaps, it's the difference between an affluent and an unaffluent society. But if students aren't concerned now, if they are not eager-eyed radicals at 19 and 20, what are they going to be like by the time they're 50? I'm not advocating another Berkeley; I have no sympathy for that sort of thing. I just wish more of the students would be involved. From my point of view I have found the Tech student the most unread person imaginable. We interview students for scholarships, and when we ask what they have read recently that excited them, they don't often have much to say. Perhaps the present attitude can be attributed to a number of things. For example, they have to carry a tremendous work load with classes and labs. It's hard to find time to think, read, talk, or for the abrasive process of knocking ideas around. When is there time for a student to ask, "Who am I? What am I doing here?" A Tech student doesn't seem to enjoy his college education. He's already in the business world where he makes a sharp separation between his work and his living time without mixing the two. TECH
Dr. David B. Comer, I I I , professor of English at Tech, joined the staff in 1937 as an instructor. Except for his military service in World War II and a leave to work on his doctorate, he has been teaching at Tech for 30 years. A native of New Orleans, Dr. Comer received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Tulane and his Ph.D. from Duke. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, and Kappa Tau Alpha and has been one of the most active of Tech faculty members in student activities. Photographâ€”Deloye Burrell
I've found the cleavage far less sharp in the liberal arts school. History and English students have time to fall in love with their subjects, to talk about them and become committed to them. The Tech student spends far too much time working on problems, and even though he can perform certain mechanical manipulations he may not understand science or engineering. What are the solutions? First, offer a degree program in the liberal arts and the humanities. (This would at least inject these disciplines into the college atmosphere, into the context in which the Tech student lives.) Second, reduce the required hours and allow a student some leisure for intellectual work in and out of class. Maybe then we could teach people to be people as well as engineers. Our main job really should be to produce competent people. But, on the other hand, if I needed a doctor and you asked me if I wanted a doctor who knew about Dante or about the spleen, I would choose the latter without hesitation. I know the pitfalls on the other side . . . that the information explosion in engineering and the sciences means that there is so much more to learn, and we are talking about taking hours out of the curriculum. I'm aware too that the business world at large is satisfied with the products we are turning out. But the Tech student is being shortchanged. MAY 1967
• • •
Photographed by Deloye Burrell
e elementary school classroom to the college research laboratories Tech is beginning to use the computer to preview tomorrow's world
COMPUTERS ARE BURSTING OUT ALL OVER
EORGIA TECH has suddenly thrust
â€˘ the computer into the educational system of Georgia from elementary school to the college classroom. Children getting their first taste of programming and college students having facilities at their finger tips are both an indication of things to come in a field that at times seems to be on the verge of taking over the world. Elementary school students are discussing "Memory Cells," and "Print Out" and "Multi-processing," under the tutorage of a Tech faculty member. On campus Techmen are counting the days until they can have access to the Rich Electronic Computer Center from their laboratories via remote hookups. And Tech has recently acquired what is perhaps its most valuable single scientific systemâ€”a $2.6 million UNIVAC 1108-11 computer. A student sits in a laboratory in the new physics building and painstakingly rechecks the results of the experiment he has just conducted. He turns around and punches a complex equation on to the keyboard of a teletype machine. Across campus in the Rich Electronic Computer Center the Burrows 5500 reads the message in a coded language called INTERP. It is part of a continuing conversation the computer has been carrying on with the student, and in a fraction of a second the student has the results. "He could have found the answer with a slide rule," says Peter Jensen, a senior research engineer in Tech's Rich Electronic Computer Center. "How long it would have taken him is debatable. It depends on how fast he is with the slide rule." The student could be in the Aerospace Engineering building, or the MAY 1967
High Temperatures Test Laboratory possibilities," according to Dr. Irwin in Chamblee, or the Industrial Engi- E. Perlin, head of the computer center. neering building. It is possible that Making the 5500 available for wider he could be in Marietta or even New campus use was a big step made posYork or Paris. sible when Tech acquired what is perWith the arrival of several remote haps its most valuable single scientific units June 1, Tech will be knit by a systemâ€”a $2.6 million UNIVAC 1108campus-wide communication network. II computer. The massive third genUltimately plans are for about 20 eration system is capable of performunits stationed at various locations on ing 10 times faster than the current campus. system. More complex research being "The remote units will be available carried out by professors will be asto any department on campus that signed to the new computer. Timewants to use them and can afford the sharing with industry and government teletype," according to Jensen. Ini- also will be an important function of tially the remote access equipment the 1108. can be used seven hours a day with as Lockheed-Georgia and UNIVAC many as eight people using the 5500 will be two of the users. Dr. Perlin simultaneously. said, "This ushers in a whole new era "Whether or not they make use of of industry-university relations at the remote systems is up to the various Tech." departments. We don't know whether It puts Tech in a position to cothis will be of any use to them or to operate with the other institutions of what extent it will be of use," said higher learning, greatly enhancing the Jensen. "Actually, it's sort of an ex- capabilities of the entire state univerperiment." sity system. Tech is the second uniSo far the feeling on campus has versity in the country to utilize the 1108 computer. The other system is been very favorable. "The use of the remote units should located at the University of Utah. The 1108 arrived on campus on the alter the role of computer usage in education and research and provide last day of March. Boxes, wires, and the ability to use the power of a com- apparatus tangled through the second puter without the rigorous discipline of floor of the computer center. But within a short time, the 1108 was opa computer," Jensen says. "To date Tech has been one of the erational. top users of the 5500," according to Several miles from the Tech camTaylor Ball, Burrough's executive. pus, another phase of the widening "You have made fantastic use of the computer picture has taken focus. system." For more than a month 112 elemenWhen the remote units become tary school students listened as active around the campus, students Charles Reed, head of computer sciand teachers will no longer have to ences and programming branch, unleave experiments mid-way to go to raveled the complex functions of the the Computer Center to work out their wonder machine of the 20th century, the computer. problems. "In put," "Out put" and "Memory "The remote units have unlimited 13
Cell" were soon a part of the working vocabulary as students plotted methods of making the computer serve their own purposes. The students resembled their Tech counterparts only in the subject matter they were trying to assimilate. They were seventh graders at Atlanta's High Point Elementary School. Reed was giving the youngsters the foundations of a more elaborate course he teaches advanced students. He has found that the seventh graders are quicker to pick up the fundamentals of programming than some of their teachers. "Gosh, I wish I could use it to do my homework," said one freckled-faced boy. Reed had carried one of the remote units of the Burrows 5500 machine to the elementary school campus. It was connected to the master brain at Tech via telephone lines. "The computer has a language all its own," explained Reed. "And if we are going to talk to it we have to use computer language." Reed was using a basic computer program he has developed himself, and named the Dummystron, "because it's the dumbest of all computers." According to Reed anyone can learn the working of the simple computer in just a few hours. Understanding more complex operations is a short step after mastering the basics of the Dummystron. Reed pressed a few buttons on the keyboard of the remote unit and students gave excited exclamations as a message was typed back to them from the Tech campus. "That's where I want to go to school," confided one youngster candidly. "It's a lot of fun, but I'm not sure I understand it all," confessed another. "It's much more exciting than French," said a little girl. "It's like playing some games," Reed explained to the students. "The more you practice, the better you get. When you play the piano, the first time you try, it's difficult." Students took two weeks to learn the rules of the games before they actually began talking to the Dummystron in computer language. "You can learn about 80 per cent of what you have to know about a computer by using the Dummystron." Hundreds of Tech students and business men in special seminars have been introduced to computers through the simple-minded Dummystron. MARY ANN WALKER
By Mary Ann
PHOTOGRAPH BY W. W. CHILDRESS, J R .
MA J ON A TIGHTROPE: 1967 T HE director of admissions at Tech is a man who walks a thin line between success and failure. William L. Carmichael likes to joke about it, but if his equation does not come up with the right answer, he will be an unpopular man on campus. If too few students show up on registration day, he is in trouble with the Controller's office. If too many students register, nobody on campus speaks to him except the Controller. Guessing the number of freshmen who will actually come to Tech is as risky as playing the Irish sweepstakes. You simply rely on past experience, says Carmichael, and hope. A recent study of entering freshmen classes did put some logistics into the problem. Tech is geared to handle a freshman class of 1,400 students. For the past two years Carmichael's estimates have worked out with fantastic accuracy. In successive years 1,383 and 1,411 firstyear students have come to the campus in the fall.
But "the students who came this fall were only a portion of the 5,800 who requested applications. Most of those (4,500) completed applications. Of that number, 2,500 were accepted by Tech. And slightly less than half of the students who were accepted chose to come to Tech. The formula for accepting or rejecting students is an equation that weighs high school grades in combination with scores on the verbal and mathematical portion of the Scholastic Aptitude Test and produces what is called a PGA (Predicted Grade Average). PGA = 4 (High School Average) + 2 (Scholastic Aptitude Test-Math) + 1 (Scholastic Aptitude Test-Verbal) - 70. "This is how we predict a student's performance his first quarter at Tech. High school average is weighted heavily because we think it is the most significant thing about a student's background." Applicants who score 2.2 or better 15
Tightrope: 1967â€”cont. on the Tech admissions equation are rarely denied admission and those who score 1.7 or less are rarely offered it. "The chances are just too slim that they will ever make the grade," Carmichael explained. But it is the applicants who make 1.8, 1.9, 2.0, 2.1 that give admissions personnel pause for thought. Then they take a close look at the high school background and talk to principals. Because it is tougher to get into Tech than it used to be, brighter students are being attracted. Part of the evidence of this is the fact that remedial work has been eliminated from the curriculum. English 10, Math 3, and Physics 2 no longer exist. Studies of entering freshmen classes from 1957 through 1965 have reflected consistent gains in average values on all admissions variables. High school averages climbed from 3.02 to 3.19; average scores on the verbal section of the Scholastic Aptitude Test increased 74 points, while average scores on the mathematical section increased 88 points. The admissions office generally considers these gains as indicative of an increase in the academic potential of the enrolling student. "Today's student is well prepared," says Carmichael. "And he handles work that the students we had 10 to 15 years ago could not have done." In spite of the stiffer curriculum, the failure rate is lower than it used to be. About 10 per cent of today's Tech students do not receive passing marks as compared to 33 to 50 per cent formerly. "Ten per cent is still too high," says Carmichael. Today three out of five men who enter Tech stay to get a diploma, eventually. The figure used to be one out of three. "And the students who drop out don't always leave for academic reasons. It's often money or something personal." The close look at the three freshman applicant populations recently published answered several questions about the would-be Techmen. The study queried: Are recruitment procedures adequate? Are there enough applicants for the size and quality student body desired? Does place of residence, type of school, or socio-economic status have any bearing on the type of applicant? Another set of questions covers the selection or acceptance of students 16
for admission. How should criteria for But the high increase in the numevaluating students be established? ber of students offered admission, who How many students must be admitted didn't come, is the big figure. That to enroll a class of the desired size? category increased 100 per cent. How selective can one be in admitting The per cent of all students offered students? admission who enrolled dropped from One of the facts brought into prom- 70 in 1963 to about 60 in 1964 and inence by the survey was that Tech 1965. The decline was largely from isn't getting the brightest students who the out-of-state student. apply for admission. Applicants ofThe applicants study revealed that fered admission but who decided in all years out-of-state applicants against Tech were superior to those have surpassed in-state applicants by who were offered admission and who about 30 points on the Verbal section enrolled. Of the three entering classes of the Scholastic Aptitude Test and by studiedâ€”1963, 1964, and 1965â€”dif- about 40 points on the Math section. ferences between the group that ac- The out-of-state applicant got a precepted admission and those who de- dicted point average of .9 higher than clined were an average of 30 points on residents. In all fairness, it must be the Scholastic Aptitude Test-Verbal, pointed out that the Georgia student 28 points on the Scholastic Aptitude bested his fellows in the High-SchoolTest-Mathematics, and .3 on the High Average category by about .5. School Average. Did the study reveal any trends to The superior student who applies simplify the job of Registrar Carand then does not come to Tech is a michael? great concern to the University. The The 1965 entering class was enstudents themselves said they decided rolled from an applicant population of against Tech for reasons of prestige, 3,465 students with an in-state to outfinancial aid, and geographic prox- of-state ratio of 4 to 6. Seventy per imity. cent of students were accepted from The committee recommended that each residential group; and 83 per concentrated effort be made to get a cent of admitted in-state and 47 per larger portion of the admitted stu- cent of out-of-state applicants enrolled. dents, especially the better students Assuming all variables remain unto enroll. They suggested: (a) more changed, to enroll another class of the aggressive follow up such as letters same size and quality would require of encouragement from persons within another applicant population of the the Institute or alumni; (b) more in- same size and quality. However, over formation on the general education the period studied, the per cent of incourses offered which might appeal to state and out-of-state accepted apcertain applicants; and (c) studies of plicants who enrolled declined 3 and why admitted applicants do not enroll. 14 per cent respectively. Even more significant differences If these trends continue, and if the showed up when rejected applicants quality and ratio of the applicant are compared with accepted ones. populations remain steady, a larger Those who were accepted scored an population would be required to fill average of 105 points higher on the a class of the same size and quality verbal portion of the Scholastic Apti- of the present class. tude Test, 115 points higher on the If a class of the comparable size math portion, and 9 points (almost a and quality is to be enrolled in the letter grade) higher on the first year future, certain things must be taken Predicted Grade Average. into consideration. The present trend in the direction Although the application picture looks good on the surface, enrollment of reduced number of accepted students who enroll suggests that (1) Tech isn't quite as encouraging. During the period studied there was must recruit larger applicant populaan increase in the size and quality of tions of the quality presently being applicant populations in all admis- obtained; (2) populations of the same sions categories. The total applications size as are currently being recruited increased 48 per cent. Students denied but of better quality must be readmission also increased 48 per cent. A cruited; (3) ways to prevent further breakdown of this figure is significant decline in the proportion of admitted and interesting. Applicants offered ad- students who enroll must be found; mission increased 49 per cent. Ap- (4) or some combination of the above. plicants who were offered admission William L. Carmichael has his job and enrolled climbed 28 per cent. cut out for him. TECH ALUMNUS
Lenny Snow had his troubles all afternoon with the White defenders
COME ACK FOR THE ALLITERATIVE MR. KING
of Bud Carson's "New Faces of 1967" turned out to be the now old, familiar one of Kim King. The left-handerâ€”15 pounds heavier and several muscles strongerâ€” atoned for what he considered a disappointing junior year by leading the favored Golds to a 35-20 win over the Whites in the May 6 T-Day Game. The game, played in the daylight for the first time in years, was an exciting offensive show after a scoreless first quarter. But, oddly enough, it was the defense that most impressed Coach Carson. "We still have serious offensive line problems," said the new Tech head coach after the game. "But I think most of our defensive problems may be solved. And it's obvious that we will have a bunch of good offensive backs." A close look at the game supports Carson's statements. It was a defensive man who started the Golds to their first score. Wrecker David Barber, who had a great afternoon, struck White end Al Gerhardt just after he gathered in a Larry Good pass and the lanky end went one way and the ball the other to be covered by the Golds at their own 45. King managed 4 yards up the middle and fullback John Weaver got another 4 the same way. Lenny Snow then got 2 and the first down and after King missed on a pair of passes, he found his favorite receiver of last season, Steve Almond for 15. After three runs netted 6 yards, King threw one which John Sias caught with a great effort and the Golds were at the Whites' 9. Two more runs got it to the 5 where King, throwing off balance with a White clinging to him, hit Almond for the score. With 12:37 on the halftime clock, Tommy Carmichael made it 7-0, Golds. Fifty-two seconds later, the Golds HE BRIGHTEST
were back in the end zone. After the Whites failed to get a first down, the Golds got the ball back at their 35 on an out-of-bounds punt. Sophomore flanker Percy Helmer, somewhat of a sensation all spring, beat his man by several yards and King's perfect throw found him at the White 15 and he coasted in for the score. Carmichael made it 14-0. Again the Golds held the Whites and when Mike Ashmore forced a short punt, they had it again at the White 42. King went to work again. He hit Sias for 11, sent Dennis James into the line for 5 and found Almond for another 11. Abandoning the air game, the Golds ran five times to cover the remaining 15 yards with James going in from the 1. Carmichael closed out the first half scoring at 21-0. The Whites never crossed the 50 until late in the half and then after getting to the 30 on a Good to Tim Woodall pass, middle linebacker Randall Edmunds intercepted to stop that threat. The White defense went to work late in the third quarter and forced a King fumble at the Golds' 25. In a running try and a pair of Good passes, the Whites found themselves with fourth and 12 at the 27. Good calmly found split end Jimmy Brown for 14 yards and then turned it over to Doc Harvin for a pair of runs that netted 8 yards. Good got 4 more on a dash and Harvin went in to bring it to 21-6. Good threw a strike to Tim Woodall for the points that narrowed it to 21-8. The Golds were back in the end zone in four plays when an onsides kick fell short at the Whites 49. King to Almond picked up 16 yards and after Snow lost a pair and missed on a halfback pass, King threw one to Sias who made an unbelievable move at the three, gathered it in and scored. Carmichael was true for a 28-8 margin.
Barber gave the Golds another shot at it on the first White play following the kickoff when he interceped a Good pass at the Gold 48 and returned it to the Whites 25. But a 15-yard penalty killed this one and Tommy Chapman had to punt. The Whites traveled 85 yards in 12 plays on the ground with Good going in from the 1. Good got 42 of the yards himself on 5 runs, and Bain Culton picked up another 18 on 3 carries. It might be pointed out here that the Golds second defensive unit was on duty during this entire drive. Good's two-point attempt was over Johnny Tullos' head so the score remained at 28-14, Golds. Again the Whites went to the onsides kick and this time Johnny Duncan's knuckle-ball was covered by tackle. Jimmy Taylor for the Whites. After a pair of incomplete passes, Good turned in the best run of the day, 45 yards into the end zone to make it close for the first time since the second quarter, 28-20, Golds. Good, trying to pass for the two points, was decked from behind by Gold end Alan Glisson, who has had a spectacular spring. Duncan went for the onsides kick for the third time but Rick Nelson fielded it for the Golds at the 46 and returned to the 50. King got 2 when trapped and a pair of 15 yard penalties, one against each team, ate up some of the clock. Kenny Bounds added another 11 in a pair of runs before the Golds drew another 15 yard penalty. David Stroyan, now operating at quarterback, got the Golds back close with a pass to Tommy Chapman for 11 and one to Helmer for 10. After a pair of runs got to the 2, Stroyan threw to Bounds for the final touchdown. Carmichael closed out his perfect day with five for five to make it 35-20. 17
That was back in 1964 after William H. Koptis had spent 14 years as the owner-operator of a sporting goods store in Parma, Ohio. "I was working 80 to 90 hours a week," said Bill "but the big discount stores moved in and service became secondary to prices. I wanted to get into something where I would have independence and an opportunity to apply my philosophy and public service. After much thought I selected the life insurance business, and then New England Life." Bill made his move in 1965. During that year he established the finest first-year record of achievement in the entire Company and received the New
England Life Rookie of the Year award. In 1966 his success continued to the point where he is a leading agent of the E. Clare Weber Agency in Cleveland—one of New England Life's larger agencies serving business and professional men.
Bill Koptis of the Clare Weber Agency in Cleveland (on the left), reviews an insurance proposal with Louis Zeitler, President of the Die Mstic Corporation in Cleveland.
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JOIN THE FAR-SIGHTED MEN FROM NEW ENGLAND LIFE New England Mutual Life Insurance Company
"These Georgia Tech Alumni Are New England Life Representatives:" \
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America's colleges and universities, recipients of billions in Federal funds, have a new relationship:
Life with Uncle
HAT WOULD HAPPEN if all the Federal dollars now going to America's colleges and • T HAT i universities were suddenly withdrawn? T h e president of one university pondered the question briefly, then replied: "Well, first, there would be this very loud sucking sound." Indeed there would. It would be heard from Berkeley's gates to Harvard's yard, from Colby, Maine, to Kilgore, Texas. And in its wake would come shock waves that would rock the entire establishment of American higher education. No institution of higher learning, regardless of its size or remoteness from Washington, can escape the impact of the Federal government's involvement in higher education. Of the 2,200 institutions of higher learning in the United States, about 1,800 participate in one or more Federally supported or sponsored programs. (Even an institution which receives n o Federal dollars is affected—for it must compete for faculty, students, and private dollars with the institutions that do receive Federal funds for such things.) Hence, although hardly anyone seriously believes that Federal spending on the campus is going to stop or even decrease significantly, the possibility, however remote, is enough to send shivers down the nation's academic backbone. Colleges a n d universities operate on such tight budgets that even a relatively slight ebb in the flow of Federal funds could be serious. T h e fiscal belt-tightening in Washington, caused by the war in Vietnam and the threat of inflation, has already brought a financial squeeze to some institutions.
A look at what would happen if all Federal dollars were suddenly withdrawn from colleges and universities may be an exercise in the absurd, but it d r a m a tizes the depth of government involvement: • T h e nation's undergraduates would lose more than 800,000 scholarships, loans, and work-study grants, amounting to well over $300 million. • Colleges and universities would lose some $2 billion which now supports research on the campuses. Consequently some 50 per cent of America's science faculty members would.be without support for their research. They would lose the summer salaries which they have come to depend on—and, in some cases, they would lose part of their salaries for the other nine months, as well. • T h e big government-owned research laboratories which several universities operate under contract would be closed. Although this might end some management headaches for the universities, it would also deprive thousands of scientists and engineers of employment and the institutions of several million dollars in overhead reimbursements and fees. • T h e newly established National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities—for which faculties have waited for years—would collapse before its first grants were spent. • Planned or partially constructed college and university buildings, costing roughly $2.5 billion, would be delayed or abandoned altogether. • M a n y of our most eminent universities and medical schools would find their annual budgets sharply reduced—in some cases by more than 50 per cent. And the 68 land-grant institutions would lose Fed-
A partnership of brains, money, and mutual need eral institutional support which they have been receiving since the nineteenth century. • Major parts of the anti-poverty program, the new GI Bill, the Peace Corps, and the many other programs which call for spending on the campuses would founder.
.HE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT is nOW the "Big
Spender" in the academic world. Last year, Washington spent more money on the nation's campuses than did the 50 state governments combined. The National Institutes of Health alone spent more on educational and research projects than any one state allocated for higher education. The National Science Foundation, also a Federal agency, awarded more funds to colleges and universities than did all the business corporations in America. And the U.S. Office of Education's annual expenditure in higher education of $1.2 billion far exceeded all gifts from private foundations and alumni. The $5 billion or so that the Federal government will spend on campuses this year constitutes more than 25 per cent of higher education's total budget. About half of the Federal funds now going to academic institutions support research and researchrelated activities—and, in most cases, the research is in the sciences. Most often an individual scholar, with his institution's blessing, applies directly to a Federal agency for funds to support his work. A professor of chemistry, for example, might apply to the National Science Foundation for funds to pay for salaries (part of his own, his collaborators', and his research technicians'), equipment, graduate-student stipends, travel, and anything else he could justify as essential to his work. A panel of his scholarly peers from colleges and universities, assembled by NSF, meets periodically in Washington to evaluate his and other applications. If the panel members approve, the professor usually receives his grant and his college or university receives a percentage of the total amount to meet its overhead costs. (Under several Federal programs, the institution itself can
request funds to help construct buildings and grants to strengthen or initiate research programs.) The other half of the Federal government's expenditure in higher education is for student aid, for books and equipment, for classroom buildings, laboratories, and dormitories, for overseas projects, and —recently, in modest amounts—for the general strengthening of the institution. There is almost no Federal agency which does not provide some funds for higher education. And there are few activities on a campus that are not eligible for some kind of government aid.
LEARLY our colleges and universities now depend so heavily on Federal funds to help pay for salaries, tuition, research, construction, and operating costs that any significant decline in Federal support would disrupt the whole enterprise of American higher education. To some educators, this dependence is a threat to the integrity and independence of the colleges and universities. "It is unnerving to know that our system of higher education is highly vulnerable to the whims and fickleness of politics," says a man who has held high positions both in government and on the campus. Others minimize the hazards. Public institutions, they point out, have always been vulnerable in this
Every institution, however small 6r remote, feels the effects of the Federal role in higher education. Copyright 1967 by Editorial Projects for Education, Inc.
senseâ€”yet look how they've flourished. Congressmen, in fact, have been conscientious in their a p proach to Federal support of higher education; the problem is that standards other t h a n those of the universities and colleges could become the determining factors in the nature a n d direction of Federal support. In any case, the argument runs, all academic institutions depend on the good will of others to provide the support that insures freedom. M c George Bundy, before he left the White House to head the Ford Foundation, said flatly: "American higher education is more a n d n o t less free a n d strong because of Federal funds." Such funds, he argued, actually have enhanced freedom by enlarging the opportunity of institutions to act; they are no more tainted than are dollars from other sources; a n d the way in which they are allocated is closer to academic tradition than is the case with nearly all other major sources of funds. T h e issue of Federal control notwithstanding, Federal support of higher education is taking its place alongside military budgets and farm subsidies as one of the government's essential activities. All evidence indicates that such is the public's will. Education has always h a d a special worth in this country, and each new generation sets the valuation higher. I n a recent Gallup Poll on national goals, Americans listed education as having first priority. Governors, state legislators, a n d Congressmen, ever sensitive to voter attitudes, are finding that the improvement of education is not only a noble issue on which to stand, b u t a winning one. T h e increased Federal interest a n d support reflect DRAWINGS BY DILL COLE
another fact: the government now relies as heavily on the colleges a n d universities as the institutions do on the government. President Johnson told a n audience a t Princeton last year that in "almost every field of concern, from economics to national security, the academic community has become a central instrument of public policy in the United States." Logan Wilson, president of the American Council on Education (an organization which often speaks in behalf of higher education), agrees. " O u r history attests to the vital role which colleges a n d universities have played in assuring the nation's security a n d progress, and our present circumstances magnify rather than diminish the role," he says. "Since the final responsibility for our collective security and welfare can reside only in the Federal government, a close partnership between government a n d higher education is essential."
. H E PARTNERSHIP indeed
exists. As a re-
port of the American Society of Biological Chemists â€˘ â€˘ MS has said, " t h e condition of mutual dependence be-
The haves and have-nots
tween the Federal government and institutions of higher learning and research is one of the most profound and significant developments of our time." Directly and indirectly, the partnership has produced enormous benefits. It has played a central role in this country's progress in science and technologyâ€”and hence has contributed to our national security, our high standard of living, the lengthening life span, our world leadership. One analysis credits to education 40 per cent of the nation's growth in economic productivity in recent years. Despite such benefits, some thoughtful observers are concerned about the future development of the government-campus partnership. They are asking how the flood of Federal funds will alter the traditional missions of higher education, the time-honored responsibility of the states, and the flow of private funds to the campuses. They wonder if the give and take between equal partners can continue, when one has the money and the other "only the brains." Problems already have arisen from the dynamic and complex relationship between Washington and the academic world. How serious and complex such problems can become is illustrated by the current controversy over the concentration of Federal research funds on relatively few campuses and in certain sections of the country. The problem grew out ofWorld War II, when the government turned to the campuses for desperately needed scientific research. Since many of the bestknown and most productive scientists were working in a dozen or so institutions in the Northeast and a few in the Midwest and California, more than half of the Federal research funds were spent there. (Most of the remaining money went to another 50 universities with research and graduate training.) The wartime emergency obvidusly justified this
concentration of funds. When the war ended, however, the lopsided distribution of Federal research funds did not. In fact, it has continued right up to the present, with 29 institutions receiving more than 50 per cent of Federal research dollars. To the institutions on the receiving end, the situation seems natural and proper. They are, after all, the strongest and most productive research centers in the nation. The government, they argue, has an obligation to spend the public's money where it will yield the highest return to the nation. The less-favored institutions recognize this obligation, too. But they maintain that it is equally important to the nation to develop new institutions of high qualityâ€”yet, without financial help from Washington, the second- and third-rank institutions will remain just that. In late 1965 President Johnson, in a memorandum to the heads of Federal departments and agencies, acknowledged the importance of maintaining scientific excellence in the institutions where it now exists. But, he emphasized, Federal research funds should also be used to strengthen and develop new centers of excellence. Last year this "spread the wealth" movement gained momentum,' as a number of agencies stepped up their efforts to broaden the distribution of research money. The Department of Defense, for example, one of the bigger purchasers of research, designated $18 million for this academic year to help about 50 widely scattered institutions develop into high-grade research centers. But with economies induced by the war in Vietnam, it is doubtful whether enough money will be available in the near future to end the controversy. Eventually, Congress may have to act. In so doing, it is almost certain to displease, and perhaps hurt, some institutions. To the pessimist, the situation is a sign of troubled times ahead. To the optimist, it is the democratic process at work.
. E C E N T STUDENT DEMONSTRATIONS
dramatized another problem to which the partnership between the government and the campus has contributed: the relative emphasis that is placed
compete for limited funds on research and on the teaching of undergraduates. Wisconsin's Representative Henry Reuss conducted a Congressional study of the situation. Subsequently he said: "University teaching has become a sort of poor relation to research. I don't quarrel with the goal of excellence in science, but it is pursued at the expense of another important goalâ€”excellence of teaching. Teaching suffers and is going to suffer more." The problem is not limited to universities. It is having a pronounced effect on the smaller liberal arts colleges, the women's colleges, and the junior collegesâ€”all of which have as their primary function the teaching of undergraduates. To offer a firstrate education, the colleges must attract and retain a first-rate faculty, which in turn attracts good students and financial support. But undergraduate colleges can rarely compete with Federally supported universities in faculty salaries, fellowship awards, research opportunities, and plant and equipment. The president of one of the best undergraduate colleges says: "When we do get a young scholar who skillfully combines research and teaching abilities, the universities lure him from us with the promise of a high salary, light teaching duties, frequent leaves, and almost anything else he may want." Leland Haworth, whose National Science Foundation distributes more than $300 million annually for research activities and graduate programs on the campuses, disagrees. " I hold little or no brief," he says, "for the allegation that Federal support of research has detracted seriously from undergraduate teaching. I dispute the contention heard in some quarters that certain of our major universities have become giant research factories concentrating on Federally sponsored research projects to the detriment of their educational functions." Most university scholars would probably support Mr. Haworth's contention that teachers who conduct research are generally better teachers, and that the research enterprise has infused science education with new substance and vitality. To get perspective on the problem, compare university research today with what it was before World War II. A prominent physicist calls the prewar days "a horse-and-buggy period." In 1930, colleges and universities spent less than $20 million on scientific research, and that came largely from pri-
vate foundations, corporations, and endowment income. Scholars often built their equipment from ingeniously adapted scraps and spare machine parts. Graduate students considered it compensation enough just to be allowed to participate. Some three decades and $125 billion later, there is hardly an academic scientist who does not feel pressure to get government funds. The chairman of one leading biology department admits that "if a young scholar doesn't have a grant when he comes here, he had better get one within a year or so or he's out; we have no funds to support his research." Considering the large amounts of money available for research and graduate training, and recognizing that the publication of .research findings is still the primary criterion for academic promotion, it is not surprising that the faculties of most universities spend a substantial part of their energies in those activities. Federal agencies are looking for ways to ease the problem. The National Science Foundation, for example, has set up a new program which will make grants to undergraduate colleges for the improvement of science instruction. More help will surely be forthcoming.
-HE FACT that Federal funds have been concentrated in the sciences has also had a pronounced effect on colleges and universities. In many institutions, faculty members in the natural sciences earn more than faculty members in the humanities and social sciences; they have better facilities, more frequent leaves, and generally more influence on the campus.
T h e government's support of science can also disrupt the academic balance and internal priorities of a college or university. O n e president explained: " O u r highest-priority construction project was a $3 million building for our humanities departments. U n d e r the Higher Education Facilities Act, we could expect to get a third of this from the Federal government. This would leave $2 million for us to get from private sources. "But then, under a new government program, the biology and psychology faculty decided to apply to the National Institutes of Health for SI.5 million for new faculty members over a period of five years. These additional faculty people, however, made it necessary for us to go ahead immediately with our plans for a $4 million science building—so we gave it the No. 1 priority a n d moved the humanities building down the list. " W e could finance half the science building's cost with Federal funds. In addition, the scientists pointed out, they could get several training grants which would provide stipends to graduate students and tuition to our institution." " Y o u see what this meant? Both needs were valid —those of the humanities a n d those of the sciences. For $2 million of private money, I could either build a $3 million humanities building or I could build a $4 million science building, get $1.5 million for additional faculty, a n d pick u p a few h u n d r e d thousand dollars in training grants. Either-or; not both." T h e president could have added that if the scientists h a d been denied the privilege of applying to N I H , they might well have gone to another institution, taking their research grants with them. O n the other hand, under the conditions of the academic marketplace, it was unlikely that the humanities scholars would be able to exercise a similar mobility. T h e case also illustrates why academic administrators sometimes complain that Federal support of an individual faculty member's research projects casts their institution in the ineffectual role of a legal middleman, prompting the faculty member to feel a greater loyalty to a Federal agency t h a n to the college or university. Congress/has moved to lessen the disparity between support of the humanities and social sciences on the one h a n d a n d support of the physical and biological sciences on the other. It established the National Foundation for the Arts and Humanities— a move which, despite a pitifully small first-year allocation of funds, offers some encouragement. And close observers of the Washington scene predict that
The affluence of research: the social sciences, which have been receiving some Federal support, are destined to get considerably more in the next few years.
IFFORTS TO COPE with such difficult problems must begin with an understanding of the nature a n d background of the government-campus partnership. But this presents a problem in itself, for one encounters a welter of conflicting statistics, contradictory information, and wide differences of honest opinion. T h e task is further complicated by the swiftness with which the situation continually changes. A n d — t h e ultimate complication—there is almost no uniformity or coordination in the Federal government's numerous programs affecting higher education. Each of the 50 or so agencies dispensing Federal funds to the colleges and universities is responsible for its own program, a n d no single Federal agency supervises the entire enterprise. (The creation of the Office of Science and Technology in 19 62 represented an attempt to cope with the multiplicity of relationships. But so far there has been little significant improvement.) Even within the two houses of Congress, responsibility for the government's expenditures on the campuses is scattered among several committees. Not only does the lack of a coordinated Federal program make it difficult to find a clear definition of the government's role in higher education, b u t it also creates a n u m b e r of problems both in Washington a n d on the campuses. T h e Bureau of the Budget, for example, has had to
a siren song to teachers wrestle with several uncoordinated, duplicative Federal science budgets and with different accounting systems. Congress, faced with the almost impossible task of keeping informed about the esoteric world of science in order to legislate intelligently, finds it difficult to control and direct the fast-growing Federal investment in higher education. And the individual government agencies are forced to make policy decisions and to respond to political and other pressures without adequate or consistent guidelines from above. T h e colleges and universities, on the other h a n d , must negotiate the maze of Federal bureaus with consummate skill if they are to get their share of the Federal largesse. If they succeed, they must then cope with mountains of paperwork,^ disparate systems of accounting, and volumes of regulations that differ from agency to agency. Considering the magnitude of the financial rewards a t stake, the institutions have had no choice b u t to enlarge their administrative staffs accordingly, adding people who can handle the business problems, wrestle with paperwork, manage grants a n d contracts, and untangle legal snarls. College a n d university presidents are constantly looking for competent academic administrators to prowl the Federal agencies in search of programs and opportunities in which their institutions can profitably participate. T h e latter group of people, whom the press calls "university lobbyists," has been growing in number. At least a dozen institutions now have full-time representatives working in Washington. M a n y more have members of their administrative and academic staffs shuttling to and from the capital to negotiate Federal grants and contracts, cultivate agency personnel, a n d try to influence legislation. Still other institutions have enlisted the aid of qualified alumni or trustees who h a p p e n to live in Washington.
, H E LACK of a uniform Federal policy prevents the clear statement of national goals that might give direction to the government's investments in higher education. This takes a toll in effectiveness a n d consistency and tends to produce contradictions and conflicts. T h e teaching-versus-research controversy is one example
Fund-raisers prowl the Washington maze President Johnson provided another. Last summer, he publicly asked if the country is really getting its money's worth from its support of scientific research. He implied that the time may have come to apply more widely, for the benefit of the nation, the knowledge that Federally sponsored medical research had produced in recent years. A wave of apprehension spread through the medical schools when the President's remarks were reported. The inference to be drawn was that the Federal funds supporting the elaborate research effort, built at the urging of the government, might now be diverted to actual medical care and treatment. Later the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, John W. Gardner, tried to lay a calming hand on the medical scientists' fevered brows by making a strong reaffirmation of the National Institutes of Health's commitment to basic research. But the apprehensiveness remains. Other events suggest that the 25-year honeymoon of science and the government may be ending. Connecticut's Congressman Emilio Q. Daddario, a man who is not intimidated by the mystique of modern science, has stepped up his campaign to have a greater part of the National Science Foundation budget spent on applied research. And, despite pleas from scientists and NSF administrators, Congress terminated the costly Mohole project, which was designed to gain more fundamental information about the internal structure of the earth. Some observers feel that because it permits and often causes such conflicts, the diversity in the government's support of higher education is a basic flaw in the partnership. Others, however, believe this diversity, despite its disadvantages, guarantees a margin of independence to colleges and universities ^hat would be jeopardized in a monolithic "super-bureau." Good or bad, the diversity was probably essential to the development of the partnership between Washington and the academic world. Charles Kidd, executive secretary of the Federal Council for Science and Technology, puts it bluntly when he points out that the system's pluralism has allowed us to avoid dealing "directly with the ideological problem of what the total relationship of the government and universities should be. If we had had to face these ideological and political pressures head-on over the
past few years, the confrontation probably would have wrecked the system." That confrontation may be coming closer, as Federal allocations to science and education come under sharper scrutiny in Congress and as the partnership enters a new and significant phase.
.EDERAL AID to higher education began with the Ordinance of 1787, which set aside public lands JBL-EDEF for schools and declared that the "means of education shall forever be encouraged." But the two forces that most shaped American higher education, say many historians, were the land-grant movement of the nineteenth century and the Federal support of scientific research that began in World War II. The land-grant legislation and related acts of Congress in subsequent years established the American concept of enlisting the resources of higher education to meet pressing national needs. The laws were pragmatic and were designed to improve education and research in the natural sciences, from which agricultural and industrial expansion could proceed. From these laws has evolved the world's greatest system of public higher education. In this century the Federal involvement grew spasmodically during such periods of crisis as World War I and the depression of the thirties. But it was not until World War II that the relationship began its rapid evolution into the dynamic and intimate partnership that now exists. Federal agencies and industrial laboratories were ill-prepared in 1940 to supply the research and . technology so essential to a full-scale war effort. The government therefore turned to the nation's colleges and universities. Federal funds supported scientific research on the campuses and built huge research facilities to be operated by universities under contract, such as Chicago's Argonne Laboratory and California's laboratory in Los Alamos. So successful was the new relationship that it continued to flourish after the war. Federal research funds poured onto the campuses from military agencies, the National Institutes of Health, the Atomic Energy Commission, and the National Science Foundation. The amounts of money increased spectacularly. At the beginning of the war the Federal government spent less than $200 million a year for all research and development. By 1950, the Federal "r & d" expenditure totaled $1 billion. The Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik jolted
Even those campuses which traditionally stand apart from government find it hard to resist Federal aid.
the nation and brought a dramatic surge in support of scientific research. President Eisenhower named James R. Killian, Jr., president of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to be Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was established, and the National Defense Education Act of 1958 was passed. Federal spending for scientific research and development increased to $5.8 billion. Of this, $400 million went to colleges and universities. The 1960's brought a new dimension to the relationship between the Federal government and higher education. Until then, Federal aid was almost synonymous with government support of science, and all Federal dollars allocated to campuses were to meet specific national needs. There were two important exceptions: the GI Bill after World War II, which crowded the colleges and universities with returning servicemen and spent $19 billion on educational benefits, and the National Defense Education Act, which was the broadest legislation of its kind and the first to be based, at least in part, on the premise that support of education itself is as much in the national interest as support which is based on the colleges' contributions to something as specific as the national defense. The crucial turning-points were reached in the Kennedy-Johnson years. President Kennedy said: "We pledge ourselves to seek a system of higher edu-
cation where every young American can be educated, not according to his race or his means, but according to his capacity. Never in the life of this country has the pursuit of that goal become more important or more urgent." Here was a clear national commitment to universal higher education, a public acknowledgment that higher education is worthy of support for its own sake. The Kennedy and Johnson administrations produced legislation which authorized: • $1.5 billion in matching funds for new construction on the nation's campuses. • $151 million for local communities for the building of junior colleges. • $432 million for new medical and dental schools and for aid to their students. • The first large-scale Federal program of undergraduate scholarships, and the first Federal package combining them with loans and jobs to help individual students. • Grants to strengthen college and university libraries. • Significant amounts of Federal money for "promising institutions," in an effort to lift the entire system of higher education. • The first significant support of the humanities. In addition, dozens of "Great Society" bills included funds for colleges and universities. And their number is likely to increase in the years ahead. The full significance of the developments of the past few years will probably not be known for some time. But it is clear that the partnership between the
Federal government and higher education has entered a new phase. The question of the Federal government's total relationship to colleges and universities—avoided for so many years—has still not been squarely faced. But a confrontation may be just around the corner.
-HE MAJOR PITFALL, around which Presidents and Congressmen have detoured, is the issue of the separation of state and church. The Constitution of the United States says nothing about the Federal government's responsibility for education. So the rationale for Federal involvement, up to now, has been the Constitution's Article I, which grants Congress the power to spend tax money for the common defense and the general welfare of the nation. So long as Federal support of education was specific in nature and linked to the national defense, the religious issue could be skirted. But as the emphasis moved to providing for the national welfare, the legal grounds became less firm, for the First Amendment to the Constitution says, in part, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. . . . " So far, for practical and obvious reasons, neither the President nor Congress has met the problem head-on. But the battle has been joined, anyway. Some cases challenging grants to church-related col-
A new phase in government-campus relationships
Is higher education losing control of its destiny? leges are now in the courts. And Congress is being pressed to pass legislation that would permit a citizen to challenge, in the Federal courts, the Congressional acts relating to higher education. Meanwhile, America's 893 church-related colleges are eligible for funds under most Federal programs supporting higher education, and nearly all have received such funds. Most of these institutions would applaud a decision permitting the support to continue. Some, however, would not. The Southern Baptists and the Seventh Day Adventists, for instance, have opposed Federal aid to the colleges and universities related to their denominations. Furman University, for example, under pressure from the South Carolina Baptist convention, returned a $612,000 Federal grant that it had applied for and received. Many colleges are awaiting the report of a Southern Baptist study group, due this summer. Such institutions face an agonizing dilemma: stand fast on the principle of separation of church and state and take the financial consequences, or join the majority of colleges and universities and risk Federal influence. Said one delegate to the Southern Baptist Convention: "Those who say we're going to become second-rate schools unless we take Federal funds see clearly. I'm beginning to see it so clearly it's almost a nightmarish thing. I've moved toward Federal aid reluctantly; I don't like it." Some colleges and universities, while refusing Federal aid in principle, permit some exceptions. Wheaton College, in Illinois, is a hold-out; but it allows some of its professors to accept National Science Foundation research grants. So does Rockford College, in Illinois. Others shun government money, but let their students accept Federal scholarships and loans. The president of one small churchrelated college, faced with acute financial problems, says simply: "The basic issue for us is survival."
tions to higher education, the question of responsibility is less clear. The great growth in quality and Ph.D. production of many state universities, for instance, is undoubtedly due in large measure to Federal support. Federal dollars pay for most of the scientific research in state universities, make possible higher salaries which attract outstanding scholars, contribute substantially to new buildings, and provide large amounts of student aid. Clark Kerr speaks of the "Federal grant university," and the University of California (which he used to head) is an apt example: nearly half of its total income comes from Washington. To most governors and state legislators, the Federal grants are a mixed blessing. Although they have helped raise the quality and capabilities of state institutions, the grants have also raised the pressure on state governments to increase their appropriations for higher education, if for no other reason than to fulfill the matching requirement of many Federal awards. But even funds which are not channeled through the state agencies and do not require the state to provide matching funds can give impetus to increased appropriations for higher education. Federal research grants to individual scholars, for example, may make it necessary for the state to provide more faculty members to get the teaching done.
have sharpened the conflict between Washington and the states in fixing the responsibility for education. Traditionally and constitutionally, the responsibility has generally been with the states. But as Federal support has equaled and surpassed the state alloca-ECENT FEDERAL PROGRAMS
"Many institutions not only do not look a gift horse in the mouth; they do not even pause to note whether it is a horse or a boa constrictor."â€”JOHN G A R D N E R
Last year. 38 states and territories joined the Compact for Education, an interstate organization designed to provide "close and continuing consultation among our several states on all matters of education." T h e operating arm of the Compact will gather information, conduct research, seek to improve standards, propose policies, " a n d do such things as may be necessary or incidental to the administration of its authority. . . . " Although not spelled out in the formal language of the document, the Compact is clearly intended to enable the states to present a united front on the future of Federal aid to education.
N TYPICALLY PRAGMATIC FASHION, we Americans want our colleges a n d universities to serve the public interest. We expect t h e m to train enough doctors, lawyers, a n d engineers. We expect t h e m to provide answers to immediate problems such as water and air pollution, urban blight, national defense, and disease. As we have done so often in the past, we expect the Federal government to build a creative and democratic system that will accomplish these things. A faculty planning committee at one university stated in its report: " . . . A university is now regarded as a symbol for our age, the crucible in which â€”by some mysterious alchemyâ€”man's long-awaited Utopia will at last be forged." Some think the Federal role in higher education is growing too rapidly. As early as 1952, the Association of American Universities' commission on financing higher education warned: " W e as a nation should call a halt at this time to the introduction of new programs of direct Federal aid to colleges and universities. . . . Higher education at least needs time to digest what it has already undertaken a n d to evaluate the full impact of what it is already doing under Federal assistance." T h e recommendation went unheeded. A year or so ago, Representative Edith Green of Oregon, an active architect of major education legislation, echoed this sentiment. T h e time has come, she said, " t o stop, look, and listen," to evaluate the impact of Congressional action on the educational system. It seems safe to predict that Mrs. Green's warning, like that of the university presidents, will fail to halt the growth of Federal spending on the campus. But the note of caution she sounds will be well-taken by many who are increasingly concerned
about the impact of the Federal involvement in higher education. T h e more pessimistic observers fear direct.Federal control of higher education. With the loyalty-oath conflict in mind, they see peril in the requirement that Federally supported colleges and universities demonstrate compliance with civil rights legislation or lose their Federal support. They express alarm at recent agency anti-conflict-of-interest proposals that would require scholars who receive government support to account for^all of their other activities. For most who are concerned, however, the fear is not so much of direct Federal control as of Federal influence on the conduct of American higher education. Their worry is not that the government will deliberately restrict the freedom of the scholar, or directly change an institution of higher learning. Rather, they are afraid the scholar may be tempted to confine his studies to areas where Federal support is known to be available, and that institutions will be unable to resist the lure of Federal dollars. Before he became Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, J o h n W. G a r d n e r said: " W h e n a government agency with money to spend approaches a university, it can usually purchase almost any service it wants. And m a n y institutions still follow the old practice of looking on funds so received as gifts. T h e y not only do not look a gift horse in the m o u t h ; they d o not even pause to note whether it is a horse or a boa constrictor."
-HE GREATEST OBSTACLE tO the SUCCeSS of the government-campus partnership may lie in the fact -MBL^ HE that the partners have different objectives. T h e Federal government's support of higher education has been essentially pragmatic. T h e Federal agencies have a mission to fulfill. T o the degree t h a t the colleges a n d universities can help to fulfill that mission, the agencies provide support. T h e Atomic Energy Commission, for example, supports research and related activities in nuclear physics; the National Institutes of Health provide funds for medical research; the Agency for International Development finances overseas programs. Even recent programs which tend to recognize higher education as a national resource in itself are basically presented as efforts to cope with pressing national problems. T h e Higher Education Facilities Act, for instance, provides matching funds for the construction of
academic buildings. But the awards under this program are made on the basis of projected increases in enrollment. In the award of National Defense Graduate Fellowships to institutions, enrollment expansion and the initiation of new graduate programs are the main criteria. Under new programs affecting medical and dental schools, much of the Federal money is intended to increase the number of practitioners. Even the National Humanities Endowment, which is the government's attempt to rectify an academic imbalance aggravated by massive Federal support for the sciences, is curiously and pragmatically oriented to fulfill a specific mission, rather than to support the humanities generally because they are worthy in themselves. Who can dispute the validity of such objectives? Surely not the institutions of higher learning, for they recognize an obligation to serve society by providing trained manpower and by conducting applied research. But colleges and universities have other traditional missions of at least equal importance. Basic research, though it may have no apparent relevance to society's immediate needs, is a primary (and almost exclusive) function of universities. It needs no other justification than the scholar's curiosity. The department of classics is as important in the college as is the department of physics, even though it does not contribute to the national defense. And enrollment expansion is neither an inherent virtue nor a universal goal in higher education; in fact, some institutions can better fulfill their objectives by remaining relatively small and selective. Colleges and universities believe, for the most
Some people fear that the colleges and universities are in danger of being remade in the Federal image.
When basic objectives differ, whose will prevail? part, that they themselves are the best judges of what they ought to do, where they would like to go, and what their internal academic priorities are. For this reason the National Association of State U n i versities and Land-Grant Colleges has advocated that the government increase its institutional (rather than individual project) support in higher education,' thus permitting colleges a n d universities a reasonable latitude in using Federal funds. Congress, however, considers that it can best determine what the nation's needs are, and how the taxpayer's money ought to be spent. Since there is never enough money to do everything that cries to be done, the choice between allocating Federal funds for cancer research or for classics is not a very difficult one for the nation's political leaders to make. " T h e fact is," says one professor, " t h a t we are trying to merge two entirely different systems. T h e government is the political engine of our democracy a n d must be responsive to the wishes of the people. But scholarship is not very democratic. You d o n ' t vote on the laws of thermodynamics or take a poll on the speed of light. Academic freedom and tenure are not prizes in a popularity contest." Some observers feel that such a merger cannot be accomplished without causing fundamental changes in colleges and universities. They point to existing academic imbalances, the teaching-versus-research controversy, the changing roles of both professor a n d student, the growing commitment of colleges a n d universities to applied research. They fear that the influx of Federal funds into higher education will so transform colleges a n d universities that the very qualities that m a d e the partnership desirable a n d productive in the first place will be lost. T h e great technological achievements of the past 30 years, for example, would have been impossible without the basic scientific research that preceded them. This research—much of it seemingly irrelevant to society's needs—was conducted in univer-
sities, because only there could the scholar find the freedom and support that were essential to his quest. If the growing demand for applied research is met at the expense of basic research, future generations m a y pay the penalty. O n e could argue—and m a n y do—that colleges a n d universities do not have to accept Federal funds. But, to most of the nation's colleges and universities, the rejection of Federal support is a n unacceptable alternative. For those institutions already dependent upon Federal dollars, it is too late to turn back. Their physical plant, their programs, their personnel are all geared to continuing Federal aid. A n d for those institutions which have received only token help from Washington, Federal dollars offer the one real hope of meeting the educational objectives they have set for themselves.
. OWEVER DISTASTEFUL the t h o u g h t may
be to those who oppose further Federal involvement in higher education, the fact is that there is no other way of getting the j o b dbne—to train the growing n u m b e r of students, to conduct the basic research necessary to continued scientific progress, a n d to cope with society's most pressing problems. Tuition, private contributions, and state allocations together fall far short of meeting the total cost of American higher education. A n d as costs rise, the gap is likely to widen. Tuition has finally passed the $2,000 m a r k in several private colleges and universities, a n d it is rising even in the publicly supported institutions. State governments have increased their appropriations for higher education dramatically, b u t there are scores of other urgent needs competing for state funds. Gifts from private foundations, cor-
porations, a n d alumni continue to rise steadily, b u t the increases are not keeping pace with rising costs. Hence the continuation and probably the enlargement of the partnership between the Federal government a n d higher education appears to be inevitable. T h e real task facing the nation is to make it work. T o that end, colleges a n d universities may have to become more deeply involved in politics. T h e y will have to determine, more clearly than ever before, just what their objectives are—and what their values are. A n d they will have to communicate these most effectively to their alumni, their political representatives, the corporate community, the foundations, a n d the public a t large. If the partnership is to succeed, the Federal government will have to d o more than provide funds. Elected officials a n d administrators face the awesome task of formulating overall educational a n d research goals, to give direction to the programs of Federal support. They must make more of an effort to understand w h a t makes colleges a n d universities tick, a n d to accommodate individual institutional differences.
evolution of the partnership.). T h e degree of their understanding and support will be reflected in future legislation. And, along with private foundations a n d corporations, alumni a n d other friends of higher education b e a r a special responsibility for providing colleges a n d universities with financial support. T h e growing role of the Federal government, says the president of a major oil company, makes corporate contributions to higher education more important than ever before; he feels that private support enables colleges and universities to maintain academic balance a n d to preserve their freedom and independence. T h e president of a university agrees: " I t is essential that the critical core of our colleges a n d universities be financed with non-Federal funds." " W h a t is going on h e r e , " says McGeorge Bundy, "is a great adventure in the purpose a n d performance of a free people." T h e partnership between higher education a n d the Federal government, he believes, is a n experiment in American democracy. Essentially, it is a n effort to combine the forces of our educational a n d political systems for the common good. A n d the partnership is distinctly American—boldly built step by step in full public view, inspired b y visionaries, tested a n d tempered by honest skeptics, forged o u t of practical political compromise. Does it involve risks? Of course it does. But w h a t great adventure does not? Is it not by risk-taking that free—and intelligent—people progress?
- H E TAXPAYING PUBLIC, a n d particularly alumni a d alumnae, will play a crucial role in the ^Hfc n HE
The report on this and the preceding 15 pages is the product of a cooperative endeavor in which scores of schools, colleges, and universities are taking part. It was prepared under the direction of the group listed
Naturally, in a report of such length and scope, not all statements necessarily reflect the views of all the persons involved, or of their institutions. Copyright © 1967 by Editorial Projects for Education, Inc. All rights reserved; no part may be reproduced without the express permission of the editors. Printed in U.S.A.
below, who form EDITORIAL PROJECTS FOR
EDUCATION, a non-profit organization associ-
ated with the American Alumni Council. DENTON BEAL
Carnegie Institute of Technology
CHARLES M. HELMKEN
J O H N W . PATON
FRANK J . TATE
American Alumni Council
The Ohio State University CHARLES E . WIDMAYER
DAVID A. BURR
GEORGE C. KELLER
ROBERT M. RHODES
The University of Oklahoma
The University of Pennsylvania
GEORGE H . COLTON
JOHN I. MATTILL
DOROTHY F . WILLIAMS
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
New York University
VERNE A. STADTMAN
RONALD A. WOLK
The University of California
The Johns Hopkins University
FREDERIC A. STOTT
ELIZABETH BOND WOOD
Phillips Academy, Andover
Sweet Briar College
Stanford University MARALYN O. GILLESPIE
The University of Oregon RUSSELL OLIN
The University of Colorado
* CORBIN GWALTNEY
J O H N A. C R O W L
WILLIAM A. MILLER, J R .
GEORGIA TECH A d i g e s t of i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t G e o r g i a Tech a n d its a l u m n
Six faculty members honored Six retiring members of the Tech faculty were special honorees at the annual faculty dinner, May 16, at the Marriott Motor Hotel. Relinquishing their posts at the end of the academic year will be: Maurice R. Brewster, Professor, School of Industrial Management who came to Tech in 1929; Edward C. Franklin, Associate Professor, School of Industrial Engineering, 1957; Kathryn A. Hook, Administrative Assistant, Price Gilbert Memorial Library, 1956; Edward T. Prosser, Professor, School of Physics, 1928; Robert Scharf, Professor, Department of Social Sciences, 1946; and Harrison W. Straley, III, Professor, School of Ceramic Engineering, 1936. Together they have served Tech 129 years. Also receiving accolades for 25 years of service to Tech were: Alson H. Bailey, Professor, School of Mathematics; A. H. Barnes, Buyer, Office of the Controller; Bryan L. Brown, Professor, School of Engineering Mechanics; Ishmael L. Ellis, Assistant Professor, Department of Engineering Graphics; Howard L. McKinley, Professor, School of Electrical Engineering; Robert B. Logan, Director of Auxiliary Services; Frances M. Norton, Administrative Assistant, School of Chemical Engineering; Dan W. Thomas, Shop Foreman, Engineering Experiment Station; and Joseph P. Vidosic, Acting Director and Regents Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering. Also honored at the dinner were four Tech faculty members who received awards of $1,000 each for outstanding classroom teaching during the year. The winners were Dr. Marvin Sledd of Mathematics; Dr. William C. Biven of Industrial Management; Dr. John Dyer of Chemistry; and Professor George F. Sowers of Civil Engineering. The $4,000 in prizes was made possible by grants from the Union Camp Paper Company, which started the program MAY 1967
last year, and by the Standard Oil Company of Indiana Foundation.
Continuing Education is brisk EVERYTHING from wind tunnels to statistics was discussed on the Tech campus during April. Courses sponsored by the Continuing Education Department were the cause for all the talk. Courses in problem solving using the digital computer were offered on a basic and advanced level. The basic course was designed to serve businessmen and engineers needing a better understanding of the potential uses of the electronic digital computer. Lockheed and Tech co-sponsored the third annual Aerodynamic Testing Association conference. Running through June 5 is a course on project management with CPM and PERT. Sponsored by the School of Industrial Engineering, the principal instructor is Gordon Davis. The course is divided between lecture and individual problem solving sessions, designed to illustrate each of the topics covered in the course. Meeting twice a week through June 8 is the speed reading course, designed to increase comprehension and speed. Since Atlanta maintains a unique position as the distribution center of the South, Tech offers a course as a special aid to companies in the area, "Distribution Warehouse Problem Solving." In the sessions, the rising cost of warehouse operations are examined, and problems analyzed from a fresh point of view. The program surveys the various ways to mechanize or automate small and large warehouses. The third in a series of short courses in Industrial Engineering techniques deals with the fundamentals of materials handling. The object is to enable the student to recognize, analyze and solve materials handling problems. Engineers gathered on the campus briefly for a short course in management
April 10-14. They were examining responsibilities of a business firm, ethics, objectives of individuals and groups within the organization and the function of management. The School of Industrial Engineering co-sponsored the fourth annual Chief Industrial Engineer's seminar April 17-21.
Counselors briefed on Tech HIGH SCHOOL principals and counselors
from throughout Georgia came to Tech May 1 to find out what makes the Institute tick. It was the 12th such program for counselors coordinated by Tech registrar W. L. Carmichael. Theme of the day-long meeting with high school personnel was "The Four Fields for Undergraduates." Highlighted were engineering, science, architecture, and management. Students and faculty members participated in various phases of the program.
Tech faculty receives NSF grants NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION grants of
$29,500 have been awarded to three members of the engineering faculty. Grants went to young engineers throughout the country who have recently received doctoral degrees, have begun teaching careers, and who have no substantial research support to date. The grants, awarded on a competitive basis, are for the initiation of basic research projects in any accepted area of engineering. Dr. W. Waverly Graham, III, is studying "Rapid Control Rod Calibration in a Nuclear Reactor." Dr. Richard Barksdale is investigating "Analysis of Layered Systems," and Dr. Wilton W. King is involved in research on "Non-linear Response of Structures to Parametric Excitation."
TV teaching future looks brighter T H E bright lights and cameras in the IE classroom are a part of a giant step 35
THE INSTITUTEâ€”cont. some educators see education taking into the electronic media. "So far we haven't even scratched the surface on the Tech campus," says Dr. W. W. Hines. "But television as a classroom tool is becoming more and more important." Dr. Hines experimented with the technique with one of his advanced classes last quarter. The results were, via television or live, students made just about the same grades. The three lab sections of the class were divided randomly into control and experimental groups. The control group sat in the classroom and watched Dr. Hines film the lectures. Down the hall, the experimental group saw Dr. Hines deliver his lecture on tape. The student attitude was mixed. "The major complaint was that they couldn't ask questions," said Dr. Hines. "But the day when a professor matches wits with a class of 20 is fast disappearing. "In many of our large lecture sections we just don't have time for questions any more." In the labs all the students got the deluxe teacher-student relation that was minimized by use of the television. And when the final reckoning came,, grades of the control and experimental group did not differ significantly. Commenting on his own response to T.V. cameras in the classroom, Dr. Hines said, "It took me several weeks to get over being self-conscious. I felt as if I were less spontaneous, but I did spend more time preparing for my lectures. By watching the tapes later, I gained some information about my classroom manner which will be valuable in improving my presentations." Tapes have the advantage of being economical when they can be reshown to classes. They might even ease scheduling problems by running the same tape several times during the day and allowing the student to select the time that best fits into his schedule.
Dr. Kezios has twice served as president of the I I T chapter of Sigma Xi. He is a member of T a u Beta Pi and Pi Tau Sigma. The author of numerous publications, he is listed in Who's Who in Engineering, Who's Who in the Midwest, and American Men of Science. In announcing the appointment of Dr. Kezios, Dr. Arthur G. Hansen, Dean of the College of Engineering said, "He is an outstanding administrator and educator and will promote a vigorous program within the School of Mechanical Engineering. We are fortunate to have a man with his experience and reputation on the staff of the Institute."
tion in the development and expression of new ideas and approaches to research and engineering.
Hogg visits far-south Alumni BRIAN D.
seminar on the use of computers in design and engineering of modern structures held at the Lockheed-Georgia Company Research Laboratory, Marietta, Georgia, March 20-23. C. E. S. Ueng, Dr. A. B. Caseman and Dr. W. King reviewed results with Jeff Macon, supervisor of advanced technology training for Lockheed-Georgia and guest lecturer, Dr. Moshe F. Rubinstein, of the University of California at Los Angeles. The computer conclave was but one of a series of seminars designed to acquaint institutions with aerospace industrial developments and to permit joint participa-
Tech's office of Alumni Affairs, is an affable ambassador even when he's not behind his desk. Hogg almost took a busman's holiday recently when he used his vacation time to visit Tech alumni in another continent. In San Jose, Costa Rica, he was t h e guest of Tech alumni Arnoldo ('61) and Allan ('64) Rodrequez. Arnoldo was the first Costa Rican Industrial Engineer. As head of Proyectos Industrialles Ltda., he works in industrial engineering and development for all of Costa Rica and the Central American common market countries. Hogg described his host as vitally interested in opportunities for young people in Costa Rica and Central America. "The country has a number of Tech graduates," said Hogg. "The government is stable and the education system in the country is excellent; in fact, they have more teachers than soldiers. Hogg said the Rodrequezes' would welcome any inquiries about investment and development in Costa Rica or related areas. Inspired by Tech's association with the University del Valle in Cali, Colombia, Hogg made this the next stop on his tour.
Ralph W. Whitlock, '42, became the 100 charter member of Tech's 1000 Club in early May, breaking the special giving group's goal with weeks to spare. Shown (I to r) are 1000 Club Chairman, James P. Poole, '42; Whitlock; President E. D. Harrison; and Tom Hall, '58, director of resources development. Some folks would have been willing to bet $1,000 last fall
that this picture would never be made. Whitlock's company's new building had to be relocated because of Tech's urban renewal program. But, despite the trials of moving, Whitlock stayed close to the expanding needs of the Institution by contributing $1,000 to the 20th Roll Call. Since then, eight other alumni have joined in the charter year which ends on June 30.
Tech faculty in Lockheed seminar GEORGIA TECH was well represented at a
New director named for M.E. T H E BOARD of Regents has named Dr.
Stothe Peter Kezios to head the School of Mechanical Engineering. He will join the Tech staff about July 1, replacing Dr. Joseph P. Vidosic, who has served as acting director for the past year. Dr. Kezios comes from Illinois^ Institute of Technology where he was director of the Heat Transfer Laboratory and professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. A native of Chicago, he did his undergraduate and graduate work at Illinois Institute of Technology, obtaining his Ph.D. in 1956. His primary field of interest has been heat transfer and thermodynamics. He was instrumental in the founding of the Heat Transfer Labora^ tory and has headed it since 1955. 36
In Cali he was the guest of Ray Scarpetta, a 1958 Tech graduate, who is dean of the school of economics at the University. Spreading the good word about Tech included visits to bullfights, coffee and sugar plantations, polo matches, golf courses and other points of historic interest.
Clubs BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA—The new head
the Georgia Tech South Texas Alumni Association tells of several projects in the Houston area over the past six> months. On November 7, 49 club members got together for a shrimp-and-beer football meeting. And on November 5 the club sponsored its annual (and most successful) orientation program for interested high school students, counselors, and parents in the Houston area. Representing Tech this year were J i m Wohlford, director of the co-operative division, and Jerry Hitt, associate director of admissions at the Institute. On January 6, Assistant Athletic Director John McKenna was the guest speaker at a meeting attended by 77 alumni and their wives or dates. McKenna spoke on the overall Tech athletic program and the plans for the future growth of this program.
of Tech's defense, Assistant Coach Dub Fesperman was the featured speaker at the March 16 meeting of the Baton Rouge Georgia Tech Club. Over 35 frustrated Tech men and their wives (who live in the heart of LSU country) turned out to hear Fesperman talk about the prospects for the coming season under the new Tech football regime headed by Bud Carson. Fesperman also brought along the filmed highlights of the 1966 season. During the business meeting, the following officers were elected for the coming year: Roland Toups, president; Claude Hollis, vice president; and C. Barry Saunders, secretary-treasurer.
core Tech men and their wives of the Knoxville Georgia Tech Club met on April 14 to hear Bob Wallace, Tech's director of information services and publications, talk about the week that shook the football world. In reviewing the events that led to the resignation of Coach Dodd and the hiring of Tech's new head coach, Bud Carson, Wallace briefed the Tennessee chapter on what Tech football should be like under its first new head coach since 1945.
TITUSVILLE, FLORIDA—The Cape Kennedy
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA—At the March 23
MARYVILLE, TENNESSEE—Over 40 hard-
Georgia Tech Club meeting of March 17 meeting of the North Florida Georgia drew 85 alumni and wives to hear Dr. Tech Club, Tom Hall, director of reE. A. Trabant, Tech's vice president for sources development, described Tech's academic affairs, discuss Tech's educa- fund drives and discussed the use of the tional programs and the use to which the funds for the betterment of the Institute. Institute is putting the Roll Call funds. There were 40 alumni and wives present He was introduced by Major General for the meeting which gave alumni in that Marcus F. Cooper, senior director of the area a concise review of how their roll Douglas Aircraft Florida Test Operations call dollars were being used. President and a Tech alumnus. During the business Bob Buchan introduced Hall to the meeting, special club membership certi- group. ficates were given to all of those in attendance and the following officers were WASHINGTON, D. C.—The Washington elected for the coming year: Mike Fisher, Georgia Tech Club held its annual dinJr., president; Richard H. Driskell, vice ner-dance on April 24 with 54 alumni and president; John R. Hammond, Jr., secre- wives present. Brian Hogg, associate ditary; and Julian Scott, treasurer. rector of alumni affairs, discussed the Club's scholarship program and its importance, the annual roll call, and the CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA—-Tech's new head football coach, Bud Carson, re- spring football practice and then introturned to the region where he first gained duced Dr. E. A. Trabant, vice president football fame when he spoke to the Char- for academic affairs. Dr. Trabant, who lotte Georgia Tech Club in March. Over was accompanied by his wife and daugh125 alumni and wives turned out to hear ter, discussed the dynamic characteristics the young coach speak on his philosophy of Tech in the areas of teaching, reof football and his plans for the coming search, and public service. season. Carson also previewed the spring practice sessions and presented his esti- WILMINGTON, DELAWARE—A. P. Neil Demates of the 1967 season. He was intro- Rosa, Tech's director of placement, talked duced by Club President Drew Hearn. to 30 alumni of the Wilmington area on Joining Carson on the program were As- March 16. DeRosa discussed the Tech sistant Coach Jesse Berry, Tech's chief placement program and where the 1967 scout and a former Charlotte native, and graduates were going and why. H e also Ned West, the Jackets' sports informa- went over salary scales for the 1967 class tion director. and predicted some trends for the future in placement of the technological gradHOUSTON, TEXAS—The latest report from uate. MAY 1967
News of the Alumni by Classes 'AC ll 0
Frank M. Rowan, TE, died in November, 1966.
»4 A Y. Frank Freeman, EE, former exI U ecutive vice president of Paramount, received an honorary award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the 39th Oscar event in Aprif, 1967. This was the second time that Mr. Freeman has received a high honor from the Academy. He was the first to receive the "Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award." R. A. MacDonell of 1747 Memorial Park Drive, Jacksonville, Florida, died recently. H e is survived by his wife and two sons. 14 0\ Eugene D. Drummond, Arch, has IL. announced the re-opening of his office in Jackson, Mississippi, for the practice of architecture and related engineering. His address is 515 Yazoo Street, Jackson, Mississippi 39205. George M. Hope, Jr., M E , died on March 17, 1967. M A O. P. Gait, IM, died April 13, 1966. I d His widow, Nell P. Gait, lives at 100 Marietta Street in Canton, Georgia. j4(- James Joseph Biggers has been IJ named a fellow in the American Institute of Architects. He lives in Columbus, Georgia. '10 IJ
Warren G. Young, EE, died in November of 1966 in Miami, Florida.
'Ofl Daniel B. Sanford, CE, has retired Z U from the Department of the Interior, U. S. Indian Service. He lives at 1730 Holly Hill Road, Milledgeville, Georgia. Stuart A. Whitehurst, ME, died in the spring of 1966. IAJI John P. Baum, T E , has been api.'T pointed vice president of T h e Derby Company, Inc., and Nyanza, Inc., with offices at Milledgeville, Georgia. Mr. Baum retired February 1 as vice president and vice chairman of the board of J. P . Stevens Co. Arthur O. Benton, Text., of West Point, Georgia, died recently. >AE L. T. Bellah, EE, recently retired Z w from Southern Bell Telephone Company after forty-one years with the company. H e and his wife live at 1362 Briarcliff Road, N.E., Atlanta. Harry D. Epting, E E , retired from Phillips Petroleum Company, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, this past November. H e lives at 2023 Johnstone Street, Newberry, South Carolina. 37
Faces in the News f
John P. Baum, '24, is the 1967 recipient of the D i s t i n g u i s h e d Service Award from The Georgia College at Milledgeville. Baum was selected by t h e f a c u l t y f o r his achievement in public affairs. In 1962 Baum received the Tech Alumni Distinguished Service Award. Carleton N. Hughs, '28, has been named assistant manager of the Gulf Marine Department of Insurance Company of North America. The new division supervises and coordinates the underwriting of ocean marine and petroleum associated business along the Gulf Coast. Robert S. Holmes, '38, has been elected president of the American Road Builders' Association for 1957; it was announced at the group's annual convention in Miami Beach. Holmes is general manager of highway construction marketing for United States Steel. George E. Smith, '39, is the new general manager of the Orlando Division of Martin Marietta Corp. A vice president of the firm, Smith has been with Martin Marietta since his graduation from Tech. Prior to coming to Orlando he was general manager of Manned Space Systems.
Harvey B. Hardy, '43, has been elected vice president of the Florida Division of the Georgia Iron Works. Hardy, an all America guard in 1942, has been with the company for the past 14 years as a sales engineer for the phosphate industry. Austin C. Thies, '43, is one of the new vice presidents of Duke Power Company, Charlotte, N. C. He will supervise the areas of production and operation. A native of Charlotte, he will be responsible for hydroelectric and steam generation systems. \
NEWS BY CLASSES—cont. Thomas R. McCrea, has retired from The Wyeth Institute for Medical Research, Radnor, Pennsylvania. He can be contacted at 2100 Delancey Place, Philadelphia 19103, and Topsail Island, North Carolina 28445. Joe Daniel, ME, died Easter Sunday in Atlanta. His widow lives at 573 Rock Springs Road, N.E., Atlanta.
' O Q Rufus H. Carswell, Com, died in ^ 0 November, 1966. His widow lives at 3160 Arden Rd., N.W., Atlanta, Ga. 30327. Paul A. Chapman of 906 Riverview Road, Elizabethton, Tennessee, died in March. W. Scott Dee, GE, has been elected president of the Georgia Engineering Society. Thomas F. Faires, Arch, was elected president of the Memphis Area Chamber of Commerce in December. He, his wife and four children live at 18 Morningside Park, Memphis, Tennessee. F. E. Johnston, Jr., EE, of 1820 Abercorn Street, Savannah, Georgia 31401, died recently. ' Q f l " ' Grtffiin Edwards, Arch, part' s U ner in the firm of Edwards and Portman, Architects and Engineers, was one of the principal speakers at the Convention of AIA Architects in North Carolina. Claude L. Huey, ME, has been named regional sales manager for Babcock & Wilcox Company's boiler division in Atlanta. I. W. Williamson, Arch, passed away March 28, 1967. He was a member of the firm of Saggus, Williamson, Vought and Spiker. He is survived by his widow, the former Dorothy Touchstone, who lives at 126 Westminster Drive, N. E., Atlanta. »0-l
James A. Caldwell, IE, of 3816 Sherwood Circle, Columbus, Georgia, died recently. John E. Tippin of 2659 Union Road, S. W., Atlanta, died recently.
»QQ Leonard M. Thompson, TE, has 00 been appointed vice president in charge of fabric development and planning for the Danville Division of Dan River Mills, Inc., at Danville, Virginia. 1QA Darling L. Johnston, ChE, died OH" recently in Pasadena, Texas. He is survived by his wife. JQC Roy Richards, ME, president of O v Southwire Company, Carrollton, Georgia, has announced that Kentucky's first aluminum reduction plant will be built in Hancock County by his company. ' Q 7 James D. Finley, T E , Chairman of 0 / the Board of J. P . Stevens and Company, was honored at a testimonial
luncheon in November at the Sheraton Atlantic Hotel. He received the AntiDefamation League's Rights Award from the Textile Division for the Anti-Defamation League. James G. Wilcox, GE, died March 7, 1967. He is survived by his widow who lives in Atlanta. »OQ Robert S. Holmes, GE, general OQ manager of highway construction and marketing for the U. S. Steel Corporation, became president of the American Road Builders Association recently. Mr. Holmes is on the cover of the March 23, 1967, issue of Engineering NewsRecord and is featured in one of the articles. ' Q Q Major General William Gay ww Thrash, USMC, is now Commandant of the El Toro, California, air bases.
Lt COL Robert W Dees CE was ' ' > decorated with his third U. S. Air Force Commendation Medal during his retirement ceremony at Headquarters, Space Systems Division, Los Angeles, California, Air Force Station.
> A*) Louis A. Fiori was presented a Hfc Certificate of Merit for developing a basic understanding of the physical properties of yarn and fabrics by the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Southern Utilization and Development Division at New Orleans. David H. Newby, EE, was named Associate Deputy Director, Administrative, to serve as assistant director for scientific and technical analysis at the NASA George C. Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama. James E. Wright, TE, passed away March 31, 1967. He is survived by his widow and three children who live at 200 West Point Drive, Anderson, South Carolina. 1AQ John Corry, E E , received his LLB *0 degree from the University of Georgia School of Law last June. He joined the faculty of the University of Georgia School of Law as Assistant Director of Continuing Legal Education. He, his wife and two children live at 340 Milledge Heights, Athens, Georgia. Sam N. Hodges, CE, is currently serving as president of Associated General Contractors of America, Georgia Branch. He is president of Sam N. Hodges, Jr., and Company in Atlanta. C. E. Jarvis, III, of 3647 Cloudland Drive, N.W., Atlanta, Georgia 30327, died in March
I J C Maurice H. Furchgott, AE, has Hi* been named vice president of The Camp Manufacturing Company. His address is 3010 Nieman Avenue, Baltimore, Maryland 21230. Lon Shealy, GE, recently engineered an "open house" in Atlanta. Hosting 200 TECH ALUMNUS
We've been so busy, w e haven't had time to introduce ourselves.
Now we would like to correct that. Conductron-Missouri is a fast growing electronics company making a wide range of electronic products for the defense, space, commercial and institutional markets. Before we became "Conductron-Missouri", as the Electronics Equipment Division of McDonnell, our engineers made history by designing and producing the Mercury and Gemini Simulators to train our astronauts. We developed the Orbital Timing Device used in all Gemini spacecraft. We are volume hardware producers of avionics and ground support checkout equipment. Current projects include designing and manufacturing simulators for the 727 and 737, DC8, DC9and C5A. Customers include Eastern, Piedmont and United Airlines and Lockheed for the U.S. Air Force. But that isn't all. Conductron also produces landmass and radar operator training simulators. We've just installed Parametron® the most flexible BioMedical Critical Monitoring Device ever developed, in one of the Nation's leading hospitals. Conductron is big business. Our current backlog is
$33 million. With only 383 engineers and scientists and the need to double this professional force in just three years, you can forsee the opportunity we offer for promotion. Our engineers work with the finest facilities, using nearly $2 million worth of the most modern test equipment. Located just 22 Freeway miles from Downtown St. Louis, Conductron has a 128 acre site in suburban St. Charles, Mo. We're only minutes from the outstanding cultural, educational and recreational benefits of the gateway city. Excellent opportunities exist for graduate engineers with 2 to 5 years experience in the following categories: SYSTEMS, ELECTRONIC or ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING • MATH MODELING • SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMING • LOGIC DESIGN • MECHANICAL, RELIABILITY or MAINTAINABILITY ENGINEERING OPTICS • COMMUNICATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING Send your resume in confidence to Mr. Thomas Walenga, Professional Employment, Dept. GTA.
Division of Conductron
2600 N. Third Street • Box 426 • St. Charles, Missouri 63301 We are and always have been an equal opportunity employer
NEWS BY CLASSES—cont.
MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 1 CONSULTANTS The ever increasing demand for "total systems" means that our firm continually needs more "total men." Experience has shown that one of the best sources for such men is among Georgia Tech Alumni. Admittedly, we feel some bias toward Tech since our firm was founded by Tech men. The trend in our consulting engagements indicates particular need for persons with strong backgrounds in data operations research, accounting, processing, systems design, and industrial engineering. Send resumes to J. A. Mori. Tech alumni on our staff include: Paul Friedman, IE, '53 Tom Newberry, IE, '54 Archibald Gam, Phys, '57 Jean Mori, ME, '56 John D. Beck, IE, '60 Dick Rosselot, ChE, '56 Jim Edenfield, IE, '57 George Grimes, IE, '58 Bill Graves, Math, '60 Ron LaChance, IE, '60 _<r Jim Standard, IE, '60 J.W. Goodhew, IM,'61 Richard Ward, IE,'61 Tom Newey, IE, '62 Parker Highsmith, IM, '63 MANAGEMENT SCIENCE ATLANTA, Inc. 1389 Peach tree St., NE. Atlanta, Georgia 30309 40
guests he proposed facilities that could be completely transformed for around the day, week or year usage by movable roofs and partitions. He is now vice president of Star Manufacturing Company in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. | M. T. Stamper, E E , is vice president and general manager of the Everett, Washington, Branch of Boeing Aircraft, Inc. Richard E. Hudson, Jr., has been named Head of the Chemical Department of West Point Pepperell's Research Center at Shawmut, Alabama. Henry &• Caulkins, ChE, has been appointed assistant manager of the Alton Park Chemical Cotton Plant of Hercules, Inc., being built at Oxford, Georgia. With his wife and two daughters, he lives at 1144 Carter Drive, Rivermont, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Lt. Col. William T. Duggard, is now on duty with the U. S. Combat Air Forces in Southeast Asia. Major Forrest G. Hutchins, Jr., IM, has retired from the U. S. Air Force at Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina, after more than 20 years of service. Dean Edgar Kopp, MSIE, recently participated in the dedication ceremonies of the new University of South Florida Engineering complex. B. Hal Yawn, IE, died in September, 1966, at Tampa, Florida. '48
M Q Robert C. West has been ap"** pointed Chief Engineer for Sverdrup & Parcel and Associates, Inc., 915 Oliver Street, St. Louis, Missouri 63101. I Lt. Col. William E. Adams has ** "* assumed command of an Air Force Unit at Cam Ranh Bay Air Force Base, Vietnam. Maynard S. Batchelder, EE, of 2303 Briarwood Hills Drive, Chamblee, Georgia, has been pormoted to Sales Engineer at the Foxboro Company in Atlanta. jR. M. O'Hara has been named to the new position of vice president, Beverage Packaging Products, for Mead Packaging, Atlanta division of the Mead Corporation. T. N. Saffold has been appointed State Traffic Supervisor-Business Services for the Area Traffic Department in Atlanta. 'CI
W. E. Gunson, MSME, has been appointed Manager, Systems Engineering, at the Westinghouse Advanced Reactor Division in Pittsburgh. He and his wife, Jean, live at 55 Old Concord Road in Pittsburgh. Lt. Col. John F. Harte has recently received the Bronze Star Medal in Vietnam. His wife resides at 5220 Queensberry Avenue, Springfield, Virginia. Charles Perkins, Jr., IE, is now Planning Staff Supervisor in the Planning
Department for Southern Bell Telephone Company. He, his wife and two children reside at 680 Amberidge Trail, N. W., Atlanta, Georgia 30328. 'KO
George J. (Joe) Hill, Jr., IM, was • named Assistant Cashier at the Tenth Street Office of the C & S National Bank, Atlanta. Thomas F. Malone, IM, was elected Assistant Vice President-Corporate Services at the C & S Bank in Atlanta. He is manager of the Corporate Services Department. Harry H. Powell, Jr., IM, has been named manager of the Electrical Department of Mills & Lupton Supply Company in Chattanooga, Tennessee. He, his wife, and two children live at Signal Mountain, Tennessee. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Clifford L. Roberts, IM, a daughter, Alison Ann, on March 6, 1967. Mr. Roberts is District Traffic Manager for Southern Bell in Athens, Georgia. Mr. and Mrs. Roberts and their three children reside at 205 Chapman Place, Athens, Georgia. 't*A
Captain Augustus E. Markette, IM, is a member of the airlift wing recently cited for setting unofficial world records for low altitude air drops by a C-141. Robert L. Puckett, EE, has entered the partnership of Griffith C. Burr as a consulting engineer at 139 Scott Street, Memphis, Tennessee. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. G. Alfred Teasley, ME, a son, Paul Robert, last November. Mr. Teasley is with the Aluminum Company of America in Davenport, Iowa. ' E C Major Ray Daniel, IM, is now **** stationed at K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan, as a KC-135 Strato tanker aircraft commander. Captain Thomas N. Daniel has been decorated with the Air Medal at Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan. James B. Jones, HI, EE, is Office Distribution Engineer with Harza Engineering in Kandaher, Afghanistan. His mailing address is Harza Engineering Co., UX/AID, APO New York 09668, Kandahar, Afghanistan. His wife and three sons will be there with him. Captain James L. Morris, IM, has had an essential role in the first Strategic Air Command Missile Combat Competition at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. Captain George W. Poole, CE, is stationed with the U. S. Combat Forces in Vietnam as a member of the air crews activating AC-47 Dragon Ships. Franklin C. "Pepper" Rodgers, Jr., IM, has joined the coaching staff at Kansas University as Head Football Coach. 'EC
Joseph M. Bearden, Jr., IM, is now Divisional Sales Manager of the Clarke Service Company in JacksonTECH ALUMNUS
K o d a k advertises to the engineering profession T h a t w e pay well and can afford t h e best is too obvious to belabor. A s an i n d u c e m e n t to practice y o u r profession for us, w h a t m o r e can we offer than m o n e y and good w o r k i n g conditions? W e can offer choiceâ€”both at the beginning and later on when you have learned m o r e about yourself. O u r diversification and p a t t e r n of organization m a k e choice feasible. S o m e engineers are strongest o n theory. W e are big e n o u g h to need that kind. M o r e engineers are intuitive gadgeteers, despite a first-class engineering education. W e need m o r e of that kind. T o illustrate a few of the different kinds of systems a m o n g which, for e x a m p l e , o u r mechanical engineers can
m o v e , we show here, how results of the w o r k are presented to the public. A c c o m p a n y i n g c o m m e n t s are from the boss engineers. C o r r e s p o n d e n c e with a view to joining us should be directed to E a s t m a n K o d a k C o m p a n y , Business and Technical Personnel Dept., Rochester, N . Y . 14650. An employer that needs mechanical, chemical, and electrical engineers for Rochester, N.Y., Kingsport, Tenn., Longview, Tex., and Columbia, S.C., and offers equal opportunity to all. A policy of promotion from within has long been maintained.
*'The simplicity of design in our simpler cameras only looks that way. The engineer is balancing off the stringent demands of light-sensitive materials against what millions of non-technical people the world around can afford to pay for the idea that good times are picture times. And they won't tolerate disappointment any more than do buyers of our cameras and projectors farther up the price range, who get fine instruments at a lot less than instrument prices, ff
(( A film emulsion coating machine is unique. It needs considerably more delicate adjustments than a $250 watch, but it's five stories high and a block long. There is no other place you can take a course in h o w to build them bigger and better, but bigger and better they are g e t t i n g . "
Down here at Tennessee Eastman (in Kingsport, Tennessee) we mechanical engineers take over the polymers that our chemical engineering brethren deliver through their pipes and turn them into miracle fibers. Then we send out our own mechanical engineering patrols to where the looms and sewing machines are working, just to make sure the ladies don't lose their faith in miracles.9?
Aerospace p h o t o g r a p h y , a s in our Lunar Orbiter assignm e n t , differs in that w e push reliability to lengths that would be wasteful and ridiculous for other photographic systems work.//
With today's volume of demand for medical care, mechanical engineers had to put an end to handdipping of x-ray film. Our idea of an m.e.'s responsibility is big enough to cover not only mechanical drive systems but also fluid mechanics (as in recirculation and temperature control for corrosive photographic solutions), air hydraulics (recirculation and temperature control of heated air), industrial design (styling for a medical environment), and plenty of interfacing with the electrical circuitry people.; J
A printing house discovers that our brand of photolithographic film cuts their costs by requiring fewer makeovers. W h y should this be so? You might trace it all back to a mechanical engineer using our analog computer for three-dimensional heat-transfer calculations for the polyester casting wheel that the film base came f r o m . I f
Faces in the News Wallace E. Whitmer, '43, a veteran engineer with 21 years of experience, has been appointed to the newly created engineering staff position of vehicle safety engineer for GMC Truck & Coach Division of General Motors. Since joining GMC, Whitmer has held a number of key positions. Pete G. George, Jr. '47, has been appointed assistant manager of Ford Motor Company's Atlanta Assembly Plant. After graduating from Tech he joined Ford as a methods and standards observer at the opening of the company's assembly plant in Hapeville. Prior to his appointment he was material manager. James H. Ellis, '49, has been promoted to B. F. Goodrich purchasing manager for textiles, advertising and paper products, chemicals and pigments. A native of Waynesboro, Ga., he graduated from Tech in textile engineering. He joined the company as a junior technical man. H. W. Nance, '49, is chairman of the Admini s t r a t i o n and Policy Planning Committee of the Methods-Time Measurement Association for Standards & Research. Nance is president of the Serge A. Birn Company, Louisville, Kentucky. He is co-author of a recent text. Mel E. Bartholomew, '53, has formed his own consulting engineering firm with offices at 1962 Springfield Avenue, Maplewood, New Jersey. Formerly an associate with Killam Associates of Milourn, New Jersey, his new firm will specialize in Total Site Engineering. W. A. Fowler, '56, vice president and group executive for International Operations at Worthington Corporation was in Korea recently to stimulate American private investment and to promote increased U. S. Korean trade. He is also director of companies in Japan, Argentina, San; Juan and Mexico.
NEWS BY CLASSES—cont. ville, Florida. He lives at 1033 Townsend Boulevard in Jacksonville. Herbert E. Goodman, IM, has joined Planning Research Corporation as a Senior Associate. He and his family live in San Diego, California. Roscoe Holland, IM, passed away recently. Milton R. Mott, IM, received his Master's Degree from Memphis State University in January. He is employed as a Supervisor of Purchasing for the Memphis City School System. Captain Sam R. Winborn, Jr., IM, has been decorated with the Air Medal at Bien Hoa Air Base, Vietnam. The award was for meritorious achievement as an F-100 Super Sabre pilot during military nights. ' C I Charles A. Blondheim, Arch, has *» ' formed a partnership with James Edwin Chancey, Jr. (Class of '65) at Panama City, Florida. The office is affiliated with Blondheim and Williams, Architects, Montgomery and Eufaula, Alabama. Charles W. Brady, IM, has been promoted to Trust Officer with the C & S Bank in Atlanta. M. Dale Henson, IM, has been appointed Director of Technical Services in the Office of the Vice-Chancellor-Research of the University System by the Board of Regents, State of Georgia. He received his master's degree from Tech in 1963. Carl Clifford Hughes, ME, is now an instructor in mathematics at Kentucky Southern College in Louisville. His address is 307 Ridgedale Road, Apartment 2, Louisville, Kentucky 40206. Jerry S. Johnson, E E , has been appointed Supervisor of Commercial Lighting Sales for Georgia Power Company in Atlanta. He lives at 680 Kinelworth Circle, Stone Mountain, Georgia 30083. Robert B. Kimmel, IM, was selected as president of the 350 Member Southern Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators. He is serving as the Director of Financial Aid at Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306. Joe A. Mayes, CE, is president of the firm of Mayes, Suddath & Etheredge. Major Michael C. McAdams, BS, has been assigned as executive officer to the 9th Battalion, 3rd Brigade, U. S. Army Training Center, Infantry at Ft. Benning, Georgia. Lynwood G. Willis, Arch, is the recipient of the 1966-67 "Distinguished Service Award" from the Jacksonville, Florida, Jaycees. He was cited for outstanding community services. B. G. Wolford, IE, was recently assigned as the plant manager of the Reynolds Metals Company's Plant #5 in Louisville, Kentucky. His new address is 3706 Brownsboro Hills Road, Louisville, Kentucky 40222.
' C O Robert B. Adams, IE, has joined J O the Corporate Staff in New York of the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company as a Senior Systems Analyst. He and his family will live at 24 Fourth Street, Stamford, Connecticut. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Harold T. (Skip) Bowling, AE, a daughter, Julie Leigh in October, 1966. He is with Lockheed-Georgia Company as a senior aerodynamacist. The family lives at 4374 Peachtree-Dunwoody Road, N. E., Atlanta, Georgia. Captain B. W. Fleming, Jr., is a regular Air Force Officer attending the Orthopedic Surgery School at the Campbell Clinic in Memphis, Tennessee. He was recently awarded the Air Force Commendation Medal. His address is 5392 Mesquite, Memphis, Tennessee. Married: Henry Hirsch, ME, to Etta Ray Gross in Atlanta, December 26, 1966. He is employed by the Apex Supply Company in Atlanta. Major Walter H. Lane, AE, has been decorated with five awards of the Air Medal at Nellis Air Force Base, Nebraska. He is a member of the Tactical Air Command. Captain Crawford O. Murphy, Jr., MSIE, is now on duty with the 4258th Strategic Wing at a forward base in the Western Pacific. Earle English Thornwell, IM, has been awarded the professional designation of Chartered Financial Analyst by the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts. Peter Weissenberg, IE, was awarded the General Pershing Award as the honor graduate of the five year Reserve Associate Command and General Staff Course. He was also awarded the N M H PreDoctoral Research Fellowship at the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University. He lives at Lansing Apartments, E-6, Ithaca, New York 14850. Ruth Wilson, MSCE, is associated with the firm of Dames & Moore in San Fran»CQ David K. Baldwin, IE, was graduJ 3 ated from the Harvard Business School Program for Management Development in December. John A. Busby, Jr., Arch, is a member of the firm of Jova-Daniels-Busby which received an award for Excellence in Design for an Art Theatre in Atlanta. Major Roderick L. Carmichael, III, BS, has recently returned from Vietnam. His address is 2328 Campbellton Road, S. W., Atlanta, Georgia 30311. M. R. Donaldson, PhDEE, was honored recently by the Florida West Coast Engineers and named their "Engineer of the Year." Robert Duncan Gotsch, IM, has been appointed Senior Manufacturing Engineer at the Lockheed-Georgia Company. The Gotsches, who announced the birth of a daughter in December, 1966, live at 960 Melody Lane, Roswell, Georgia. W. R. Hightower has been appointed TECH ALUMNUS
Gentlemen: I am interested in career opportunities at IBM for_ Name Address.
Telephone. Present Company. Position Geographical Preference. School Degree, Major, Year Graduated.
(Cut along dotted line)
If you missed talking to IBM on campus, it's not too late. In fact, the time has never been better for you to talk with IBM. Since April 1964, one-third of our present population was hired . . . several thousand new managers' jobs created . . . 2 new plants built . . . several others greatly expanded . . . and a new division established. Within the next 5 years, we expect to appoint 6,000 additional managers. If you have a background in engineering, science, mathematics, accounting, or business administration, we'll have plenty to discuss. We'll tell you about opportunities at IBM in Computer Applications, Marketing, Research and Development, Manufacturing, Finance and Administration, and the excit-
ing, new field of Computer Programming. With over 250 offices, 21 laboratories, and 18 plants from coast to coast, IBM may have the career opportunity you want in the place you want to live. Fill out and send the coupon to the nearest IBM Corporation regional office: Mr. H. J. Schick, 590 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y 10022; Mr. C. J. Rieger, 100 South Wacker Dr., Chicago, Illinois 60606; Mr. H. D. Ridge, Room 810, 1447 Peachtree St., N. E., Atlanta, Georgia 30309; or Mr. E. C. Purtell, Jr., 3424 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, California 90005. We'll get back to you without delay. IBM is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
Faces in the News R. Ken Rushin, '57, has assumed new duties as merchandising representative, Knit Wear, for Eastman Chemical Prodd u c t s of K i n g s p o r t , Tennessee. A member of the American Association of Textile Colorist and Chemists he joined Tennessee Eastman in 1960. S. Guy Middleton, '58, has been a p p o i n t e d manager of the Power Division of Yancey Bros. Co. of Atlanta. The division engineer sells and services electric sets, total energy systems, air conditioning units, and marine engines. He has been with the division since its formation. Eugene B. Noland, '60, has been appointed Manager of Corporate Management I n f o r m a tion Services Division for Hudson Pulp and Paper Corporation. An I.M., he now lives in Palatka, Florida, with his wife, Mary and two children, Kim and Craig.
Alex Green, '62, who holds a BChE degree from Tech and an MBA from Northwestern University has been named marketing staff assistant for Travenol Laboratories, Inc. The firm is the domestic operating subsidiary of Baxter Laboratories, Inc.
John E. Talone, '63, has joined the Foxboro Company as a sales engineer in the Wilmington, Delaware office. Talone did graduate work at Villanova and is an Army veteran. Foxboro is a worldwide manufacturer of instruments and control systems.
Walter G. Cornett, III, '64, has been named marketing staff assistant at Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Prior to joining Travenol, Cornett was with the Atlantic Company. He holds a MBA degree from Harvard Business School. The Cornetts live in Des Plaines, Illinois.
NEWS BY CLASSESâ€”cont. brokerage consultant at the Charlotte, North Carolina, Brokerage Office of Connecticut General Life Insurance Company. He and his wife, the former Alice Cauley, have three children and live at 6207 Colchester Place in Charlotte. John P. Imlay, Jr., IM, has been promoted to Branch Manager of the Atlanta Sales Office of Honeywell Computer Sales and Installations in Atlanta. He, his wife, and son, live at 2401 East Club Drive, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia. Adopted by: Richard Madison Rice, ME, and his wife, a son, David Keith. They live at 2124 Belvue Road, Waynesboro, Virginia. Captain Harold D. Neeley has completed training in the supersonic F-101 Voodoo jet fighter at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Vinness, a daughter, Sara, in November, 1966. He is with Robert & Company in Atlanta, Georgia. William B. White, IE, has joined the field Systems Center of IBM Corporation in Atlanta as a Systems Analyst. ' Rfl David Lee Abscher, IM, is with DU Star Manufacturing Company as production manager in Cedartown, Georgia. Engaged: Henry Clements Blitch, Jr., to Joanna Marie Jones of WinstonSalem, North Carolina. He is secretarytreasurer of the Glenn Tobacco Company in Winston-Salem. Stanley L. Daniels, Arch, is a member of the firm of Jova-Daniels-Busby which received an award for Excellence in Design for an Art Theater in Atlanta. George Hawkins, IE, has been appointed Director of Time Sharing Computer Services in Atlanta. Lt. Paul L. Hodgdon, Phys, is stationed at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor as the Supply Option Instructor in the Navy ROTC Unit. He, his wife and son live at 2711 Canterbury Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. William C. Scott, a son, Brian William, on February 10. Mr. Scott is now Vice-President of the Dankers Data Service, Inc. The Scotts live at 7206 Bintliff Drive, Houston, Texas 77035. Kenneth C. Starling, IE, has been appointed to the post of Senior Consultant with Southern Railway, Atlanta, Georgia. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. George Walter Swancey, Jr., a son, George Walter, III. They live at 11 Harrison Court, Summit, New Jersey 07901. David O. Thomas, IM, has been promoted to Trust Officer at the C & S Bank in Atlanta. 1 C I Clellan Kelly Coleman, IE, is now 0 I Production Manager for U. I. D. Electronics Corporation in Hollywood, , Florida. He lives at 2118 North 39th Avenue, Hollywood, Florida.
Captain Ralph R. Crow, Jr., Applied Psychology, a behavioral scientist with the Air Force Systems Command, is now on duty at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Gerald C. Durand, IM, has been appointed Programming Systems Manager for the Southern Railway System in Atlanta, Georgia. Robert T. Engel, ME, has been named manager of the newly created Test, Adjust, and Balance Department of Raymond Services, Inc. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Manuel A. Rivkind, MSChE, a third son, Michael Paul. They live at 60 Holly Drive, Woodbury, New Jersey 08096. Carl R. Satterfield has been transferred back to Atlanta by the Computer Division of General Electric. He lives at 3910 Cliftondale Place, College Park, Georgia. Captain Ted Shipman, IE, is stationed in Vietnam. Captain Joe S. Smith. CE, was a member of the C-141 aircraft wing recently cited for low-altitude air drops at Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina. Charles M. Walker, IE, has joined Pan American World Airways, Inc. as Assistant Base Operations Manager and is presently assigned to the base at Ascension Island. His mailing address is PAWA/GMRD, Ascension Island, P.O. Box 4187, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida 32925. ' C O Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Ofc H. Bradford, twins, Peter Charles and Laura Gayle, March 11, 1967, in Ponca City, Oklahoma. He is process engineer for Continental Oil in Ponca City. Married: Irvin Guy ton Bulloch, ME, to Phylis Irene Anderson in November, 1966. Captain Milton A. Cash, is a Logistics Staff Officer at Kelly Air Force Base, Texas. Engaged: Wingfield "Wink" Austin Davis, Jr., IM, to Helen Louise Worley. The wedding will be June 24. Mr. Davis is president of Wink Davis Equipment Company in Atlanta. R. H. (Johnny) Hamrajani, IM, was elected the National President of the Federation of India Student Associations of the United States of America for 1966-67. He is presently doing doctoral work in Industrial Administration at Purdue University. James W. Hart, IM, has been promoted to Multi-Line Special Agent at the Philadelphia Branch Office of Fireman's Fund American, 4 Penn Center Plaza, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Howard E. Hartsfield. IM, has been named Manager of the Service Center for Reynolds Metal Company at St. Petersburg, Florida. Henry L. Hicks, IM, was appointed Controller of Home Savings and Loan Association in Atlanta. He, his wife and son reside at 454 Maxwell Road in Roswell. Don C. Hutcherson, AE, is working on his P h D in Industrial Engineering and TECH ALUMNUS
Opportunities at Anaconda in mining and metallurgy here and abroad, at Anaconda American Brass Co., Anaconda Wire & Cable Co., and Anaconda Aluminum Co. Talents and skills like yours will always be needed by Anaconda. But that's only half the story. The other half is what Anaconda has to offer you: important positions in exploration, mining, extractive metallurgy, manufacturing, scientific research, sales and administration. For example, take a look at only eight of the hundreds of recent graduates who found what they were looking for at Anaconda: and vice versa. Top: JUDITH HIHNALA (BS Bact., Montana State '63) studies bacterial leaching of copper and zinc ore and concentrates in extractive metallurgical research laboratory.
Top: GEOFFREY IRELAND (BSME, U. of Louisville '63) is assistant plant engineer at Louisville works of Anaconda Aluminum Company. Below: ROBERT SWIRBUL (BS Bus. Ad., U. of Tampa '58), center, district manager of Dallas sales office of Anaconda Wire and Cable Company, reviews cable specifications with power utility personnel.
Top: LUIS LOZANO (BS Met. E., Brooklyn Poly. '61) is research metallurgist at Anaconda American Brass Company's research and technical center.
Top: GLENN ZINN (BS Geol. E., Mich Tech. '66), geophysicist with the geophysical department's southwest office in Tucson, Arizona, is studying toward a master's degree in geophysics at University df Arizona. Below: FRANKLIN ANDREWS (BS Math., Northern III U. '62), manager-quality assurance at Sycamore plant of Anaconda Wire and Cable Company, checks environmental stress crack test of polyethylene.
Left: PETRUS DUTOIT (BS Mining Engrg., Montana Tech., '56), mining engineer, at the controls of a raise boring machine in the Mountain Con mine. This mine has the latest in underground mining equipment. Below: LAWRENCE KENAUSIS (BS Chem., Holy Cross '53; MS Chem., Boston College '55; PhD Chem., U. of Penn. '61) is senior research metallurgist at Anaconda research and technical center in Waterbury, Connecticut.
If you would like more information about the opportunities at Anaconda, or would like to apply for employment, write to: Director of Personnel, The Anaconda Company, 25 Broadway, New York, N . Y . 10004. ÂŤl2i An equal opportunity employer.
NEWS BY CLASSESâ€”cont. is employed as a research associate in the Systems Research Group at Ohio State. He and his wife reside at 2376 North Star Road, Apartment 1-C, Columbus, Ohio 43210. John P. Kidd, IM, is director of planning for the Atlanta Consulting Firm of Mayes, Suddath and Etheredge, Inc. Married: James Thompson Mcllvaine, IM, to Helen Kristine Walters. He is employed by Humble Oil and Refining Company in Atlanta, Georgia. Captain James W. Meier, BS, has been certified as a B-52 Strato-Fortress Aircraft Commander at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia. Captain Dwight M. Sheftall, Jr., is on duty at Nha Trang Air Base, Vietnam. Stanley James Smith, AE, is now employed by the Boeing Company as a research engineer on Minuteman, III. Captain Larry Stuart Taylor, USMC, has completed his active service and has accepted a position as pilot with Air America, Inc., P. O. Box 706, Bangkok, Thailand. Engaged: Kenneth S. Weatherspoon, EE, to Ann Lizbeth Mehler of Alexandria, Virginia and will be married in June. H e is currently a Project Analyst with Service Bureau Corporation and is studying toward a MBA at American University. Alan Zeitlin, CE, president of American Realty Associates, Inc. in Atlanta, has announced the opening of his company with offices at 3847 Roswell Road, N.W. His firm will specialize in both commercial and residential real estate and in land sales. W e think we've got the specialized know-how to create the tough, technical ads for industrial firms and agri-business industries . . . and the spunk to leave the cute consumer ads to the large agencies who specialize in big budgets and television. W a n t to know more? or call us collect.
SAWYER ADVERTISING The Industrial and Agri-business advertising agency in the South Box
1, Park Hill
Gainesville, Georgia Phone
(404) 5 3 2 - 6 2 8 5
Born to: Mr. and Mrs. William S. Becknell, Text, a son, Britt Stuart, last November. He is employed by J. P. Stevens & Company, Inc. The Becknells live at 318 Sequoyah Drive, Kingsport, Tennessee. Lt. William Hamlin Boswell, ChE, was killed in an air crash in Libya, February 7. His parents live in Brunswick, Georgia. Captain James Ridley Brown, IM, a weapons controller at Osan Air Force Base, Korea, is a member of the Pacific Air Forces. C. E. "Chuck" Dettman, IE, has been appointed Assistant Trainmaster at El Dorado, Arkansas, with the Missouri Pacific Railroad. He lives at 411 W. Cedar Street, El Dorado 71730. Captain Bruce P. Ellen, II, IM, was a member of the C-141 team cited for the record low-altitude air drops at Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina. Captain F. Gee, II, IM, is currently assigned to the Air Force Management Engineering Program at Headquarters Air Training Command, Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. 1st Lt.' Millard W. George, BS, has been awarded the U. S. Air Force Outâ€˘ standing Unit Award at Andersen Air Force Base, Guam. \ J. A. Gilreath, IM, has been trans0 , J
ferred by Schlumberger Well Services to the South Louisiana District at New Orleans, Louisiana. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Danny Hartley, AE, a daughter, Dana Elizabeth, on December 1, 1966. He is currently working toward his PhD at Georgia Tech. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. John W. Koger, ChE, a daughter, Karen Hampton, on March 13 at Gainesville, Florida. Mr. Koger will receive a PhD in Metallurgical Engineering from the University of Florida this summer. Married: Thomas Edward Lavender, Jr., to Beverly Elaine Alligood. He is associated with Brown Engineering Company in Huntsville, Alabama. Luther C. Lillard died recently. His family's address is 2400 Bristol Drive, Macon, Georgia. Jimmy E. Nelson, ME, has been promoted to sales engineer in the Atlanta Sales Office of the Foxboro Company. He and his family live in Chamblee, Georgia. 1st Lt. Charles C. Scheuermann, AE, has completed the Maintenance Management Information course at the Air Force Institute of Technology, WrightPatterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Captain John R. Sellmer, BS, is a member of the C-141 group recently cited for low-altitude air drops, Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina. Captain Harry S. Shoemaker, USMC, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross at NAAS Saugley at Pensacola, Florida, and a gold star in lieu of the thirtieth Air Medal. He and his wife live at 916 Lagoon Drive, Pensacola, Florida. Thomas J. Southerland, Jr., ME, has recently been appointed technical representative for the Worthington Air Conditioning Company. He lives at 2604 N. W. Third Avenue, #224, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. ' R A Ensign Edwin A. Albritton, IM, is 0 T stationed at Key West, Florida, with the U. S. Navy. Married: J. Jeff Babb, ChE, to Mary Campbell of Memphis, Tennessee, on February 4, 1967. Their address is P.O. Box 1022, Ponca City, Oklahoma 74601, where he is employed as a process engineer with the Continental Oil Company. SP-4 Jim Barth, IM, is now stationed with the army at Bad Kreuznach, Germany. Engaged: John Jay Bredenberg, Jr., IE, to Helen Kathleen Markey. The wedding will be June 10 at the Trinity Methodist Church in Waycross, Georgia. He is employed by Western Electric in Atlanta. Phillip J. Brown, CE, recently received his Master's Degree at Ohio State University. Married: 1st Lt. James Carroll Chappell, IM, to Tomma Charlene Arnold. He is stationed at Highland Army Air Defense Site, New Jersey. Born to: Lt. j.g. and Mrs. John B. Cooper, Jr., IE, a son, John Byrne, III. on October 22. Lt. Cooper is stationed TECH ALUMNUS
Why does your boss call you Fred when your name's really Bill?
Too bad. And after you've been working there all these years. But you know, it might not be the boss' fault. It could be that there are just too many engineers for that job. Maybe you're just another face. If so, we've got one suggestion. Send your resume to Allison Division of General Motors. At Allison you can work on a complete family of gas turbine enginesâ€”turbofan, turbojet, turboprop, turboshaft. We have going military programs in each field. Commercial applications as well. And more. So we'll lay it on the line. We're hurting for engineers. We need a lot. And we need them now. And if you're shooting high, these new projects could take you right to the top. They need a creative, individual touch. Not group therapy. Right now things are wide open. Think about it. The name's Allison. Nice talking with you, Bill. Contact Ken Friedlein, Scientific Placement, Allison Division of General Motors, Indianapolis, Indiana 46206, Dept. 401. MARK OF EXCELLENCE
An equal opportunity employer M/F
NEWS BY CLASSESâ€”cont. aboard the carrier USS Ticonderoga in Vietnam as an A4 Skyhawk pilot. Their address is 2468 Montview Drive, N.W., Atlanta, Georgia. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Spencer G. Edgar, TE, a son, James William Edgar, II. Their mailing address is P.O. Box 825, Halifax, Virginia. Engaged: Howard Entman, IE, to June Henrietta Friedman. He is employed by John W. Rollins Associates of Wilmington, Delaware. The wedding will be May 28 in New York City. Captain Darryl "Bo" Floyd has recently returned from a tour of duty as a helicopter pilot in Vietnam. He is stationed at Fort Rucker, Alabama. His permanent mailing address is 3941 Hilltop Drive, College Park, Georgia. Married: Alan Jacob Friedman, Phys, to Michaele Amelia Thompson in December, 1966. He is working toward his PhD at Florida State University. Charles C. Guffey, ChE, has returned to the Technical Division of Humble Oil and Refining Company's Baytown Refinery after completing two years of duty with the U. S. Army. He and his wife live at 3800 Baker Road, Baytown, Texas. Lt. Frederick H. Jenkins, BS, recently completed an Engineer Officer Course at the Army Engineer School at Ft. Belvoir, Virginia. Lt. Steven A. Lorenz, IM, was graduated from the Engineer Officer Candidate School at Ft. Belvoir, Virginia. Born to: Lt. and Mrs. James F. Martin, IE, a second daughter in August, 1966. The family lives in Birmingham, Alabama. Howard C. Race, EE, is an Electronics Engineer at the Huntsville operation of the Electronics Division of the AVCO Corporation. He and his family live at 4808 Rutledge Drive, N.W., Huntsville, Alabama. Captain Don A. Ricketson, BS, who has served a tour in Vietnam, is stationed at Ft. Hood, Texas. Jack Robinson, ID, graduated from Missouri with a Bachelor of Journalism this past June and entered Quartermaster OCS (Ft. Lee, Virginia) in January. His home address is 8427 San Fernando, Dallas, Texas. Harold E. Thompson, IM, has been appointed Assistant Vice President of the First National Bank of Tucker. His address is P.O. Box 446, Tucker, Georgia 30084. Engaged: James Henry Topple, IE, to Anne Elizabeth Morse. The wedding will be June 8 at the Decatur, Georgia, Presbyterian Church. Mr. Topple is working on his MBA degree at the Harvard Graduate School of Business. 1st Lt. John A. Whiteside, AE, is at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California participating in the first Strategic Air Command Missile Combat Competition.
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H. Francis Grantley, Jr., Text, ÂŤ'*' has been transferred to Wilming-
ton, Delaware, by the DuPont Company. He lives at 19 Fairway Road, Apartment 38, Newark, Delaware 19711. Engaged: William Russell Carter, Jr., Text, to Emmy Asmuss of Glendale, New York. He is employed by the JohnsManville Sales Corporation. James Edwin Chancey, Arch, has formed a partnership with Charles A. Blondheim (Class of '57) in Panama City, Florida. The office is affiliated with Blondheim and Williams, Architects, Montgomery and Eufaula, Alabama. Engaged: Noah Walter Cox, Jr., E E , to Mary Blackstock. Mr. Cox is completing work on his PhD degree at Tech. The wedding will be June 10 at the Decatur, Georgia, Presbyterian Church. Married: Robert Steen Fletcher, CE, to Susie Poole Marshall at St. George's Episcopal Church in Griffin, Georgia, November of 1966. Ho is associated with Eastern Engineering Company in Atlanta. They live in Decatur, Georgia, at 449 Clairmont Avenue. Lt. Joseph A. Gazzo, Jr., BS, is an Administrative Officer with the Pacific Air Forces. Engaged: William Burke Hare, Jr., IM, to Alice Ridley Chambers. Mr. Hare is studying at Georgia State College for a master's degree in Real Estate. A June wedding is planned. Engaged: 1st Lt. Kenneth Weldon Haynes, IM, to Miss Betty Neubert. He is presently stationed at the U. S. Army Edgewood Arsenal, Edgewood, Maryland. Engaged: John Randolph Holman, IM, to Janet Gail Lancaster. He is employed by Lockheed-Georgia. The wedding will be June 17 in Atlanta. Lt. Bernard M. King has completed Officer Candidate School in Ft. Sill, Oklahoma. Engaged: Grover Cleveland Paulsen, III, IM, to Jenny Meredith Miles. Mr. Paulsen is stationed with the U. S. Air Force at Luke Air Force Range, Ajo, Arizona. The wedding will be J u n e 24 at the St. Mark Methodist Church in Atlanta. Coast Guardsman Joseph Ross Pattillo, Bid Con, is now stationed in Seattle, Washington. His address there is Veteran's Service, YMCA, Room 36, 320 Marion Street, Seattle, Washington 98104. Morgan Scott Pirnie, Math, has moved to Norfolk, Virginia. He lives at 934 Armfield Circle, Apartment 202. Louis E. Ryckeley, Jr., has been appointed a Career Representative with the Griffin Agency, Atlanta, Georgia. Bill G. Sanders, MCP, joined the firm of Mayes, Sudduth & Etheredge in January. Thomas W. Akridge, AE, of 13751 W^ Edwards Street, Apartment 11-C, Westminster, California 92683, has accepted a position with Douglas Missile and Space System Division as an Associate Engineer Scientist. Married: Lt. John Alton BaumgartTECH ALUMNUS
Common Sense about Your Career
EMR looks for professional people who want to realize their full potential in the engineering arts. Experience, ability, ambition and creative imagination are the basic assets considered for the rewarding and fascinating positions open to qualified personnel who are interested in becoming associated with the nation's technical leader in telemetry. • EMR's own most important assets are the quality and industry of the people who constitute its professional and supporting staff. By giving maximum responsibility with recognition for accomplishment, EMR has an environment in which professional personnel can realize their full creative ability. • Investigate these current professional openings: Logic Design, Telemetry Systems, Circuit Design, Systems Applications, Reliability, and Product Development. Send your complete resume to: J. B. Appledorn, Professional Staffing, Electro-Mechanical Research, Inc., Box 3041, Sarasota, Florida 33578. An equal opportunity employer.
NEWS BY CLASSES—cont. ner, Jr., IE, to Pamela Ann Millard at St. Jude the Apostle Church in Atlanta this past November. Engaged: Robert Livingston Brown, IE, to Mary Minor Hawes of Elberton, Georgia. Mr. Brown is employed by United Airlines Maintenance and Engineering Base in San Francisco, California. Engaged: Lt. William Stewart Cowden, Jr., IM, to Doris Elizabeth Hutchison. Married: Charles Edward Cunningham to Nancy Jane Auman of West End, North Carolina. The wedding was April 8. He is associated with John Fornara, Architects, in Atlanta. William Filson Lanier Dodson, ChE, is now with Union Carbide in Chemical Research at their Technical Center. Mr. Dodson, his wife and their daughter live at 1328 Wilkie Drive, Charleston, West Virginia 25314. Married: Marion Woodward Glenn, Jr., IM, to Katherine Louise King. Mr. Glenn is sales manager for Southern Talc in Dalton, Georgia.
Married: Joseph A. Hagerman, CerE, to Gloria Jane McLane. He is employed by Atlanta Gas Light Company. They live at 1151 Boulevard, Macon, Georgia 31201. Engaged: Hal William Lamb, III, to Lelia Cathryn Lukei. The wedding will be in Decatur, Georgia, in May. Robert Harold Lipham was recently killed in a private plane accident. He is survived by his widow who lives at 2163 Impala Drive, N.E., Atlanta. Married: Robert Nash Losaw, IE, to Sondra Lyn Senkbeil. He is with the Industrial Engineering Division of Proctor & Gamble in Cincinnati, Ohio. Married: Charles Barry Mendelson, IE, to Elizabeth Ann Montjoy in December, 1966. He is serving with the U. S. Coast Guard. Lt. Jon A. Nichols has recently completed an Engineer Officer course at Ft. Belvoir, Virginia. Married: Edgar Dailey Parr, IM, to Catherine Anne Telford. He is with the Lockheed-Georgia Company in Marietta. Lt. John M. Pearson, ME, has entered the training program for future pilots at
Laredo Air Force Base, Texas. Engaged: James Russell Petro, IM, to Jane Tinsley Stone. He is with Southern Machine and Tool Company in Augusta, Georgia. Major Paul M. Tiger, Jr., MS, is now in Vietnam. Jose Villanueva, PhD, recently received the Ralph R. Teetor Educational Award from the Society of Automotive Engineers. Steven M. Wallace, EE, is employed by Pan American Air Ways at John F. Kennedy Airport as an Avionics Engineer working with the B-727 autopilot and acting as co-op director for the John F. Kennedy Engineering Section. He and his wife live at 4 Rose Street, Building 7, Apartment D-l, Oceanside, New York. Married: Jerry Colvin Wells to Claudia Ann Johns. He is associated with the Jack E. Summers Company in Atlanta. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Laurence Kirk Wyss, Text, a son, Lawrence Eric, on February 27, 1967. They live at 823 North Highland Avenue, Apartment 4, Atlanta, Georgia 30306.
Now Enjoy In Your Home Or Office SPRINGTIME AT TECH In Superb Sparkling Watercolors by PETER SAWYER Yes! Right now you can enjoy an exciting and colorful new idea in decorating your family room, library, student's room, office—A gift to delight the eye and stir the spirit! What better time . . . the most nostalgic season of the year . . . to treat yourself, or someone near you, to a rare gift that recalls the splendor of Tech in springtime in all its brilliance . . . so universal in its beauty and appeal that even friends of alumni will be delighted to own these expertly rendered watercolors—with unmatched spontaneity and freshness only possible with watercolors.
Cloudman, Brittain, Harris
Down North Ave.
MAIL THIS NO-OBLIGATION COUPON TODAY
College Watercolor Group Box 56, SJ«Hlman, New Jersey 08558 Gentlemen: Please send me immediately the Tech Watercolor Scenes by Peter Sawyer, indicated below, at $9.95 for the set of 3 (or $4.00 each). My check or money order for $ is enclosed. If I am not completely satisfied, I understand I may return them for a full refund. Administration Building Dormitory Complex
Swann Hall Down North Ave.
PRINT NAME ADDRESS CITY
Artist Peter Sawyer was chosen to do the series because of his unusually fine, free technique which has won him national recognition as an award-winning watercolorist. His style and a special familiarity and fondness for this subject have enabled him to capture in these three paintings the very essence of Tech. Each full-color scene, measuring 1 1 " x 14" is masterfully hand rendered (NOT a printed reproduction) on the finest watercolor paper, signed, and matted on heavy stock ready for framing. The very low price of $9.95 per set of three (or $4.00 each) is possible only as an introductory offer by the COLLEGE WATERCOLOR GROUP, a gathering of expert watercolorists who seek to create the widest possible appreciation for the medium of watercolors—and to introduce you, reacquaint you, or renew your delight in the marvelous, spontaneous, and refreshing world of watercolors. So at a fraction of the actual value of this rare set, we make this initial offer—with full money-back return privileges. For a perfect gift to yourself—to alumni and friends alike—FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY, RETURN THE NO-OBLIGATION COUPON TODAY.
VOTE F R YOUR 1967-68 OFFICERS NOW \ to head the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association for the 1967-68 year is W. Howard Ector, '40, of Marietta, Georgia. The nominating committee (Dan McKeever, '32, chairman; Ira H. Hardin, '24; Harold C. McKenzie, '53; William S. Terrell, '30; and J. Frank Willett, '45) also named the following alumni to run on the slate with Ector: L. L. Gellerstedt, '45, vice president; D. B. Blalock, Jr., '34, vice president; and Dakin B. Ferris, '50, treasurer. Also nominated by the committee for three-year elected terms as trustees were Allen S. Hardin, '53; James P. Poole, '42; J. Frank Stovall, '41; and Marvin Whitlock, '35.
The Nominee For President — Howard Ector—formerly executive secretary of both the Alumni Association and the Georgia Tech Foundation and business manager of the Athletic Association—-is currently a trust officer with the Trust Company of Georgia and one of the state's best-known business and civic leaders. He served as vice president-atlarge of the Association during the past two years. For Vice President—Lawrence L. Gellerstedt, Jr., is president of the Beers Construction Company of Atlanta. Gellerstedt, a top student and student leader at Tech, has been a member of the Board of Trustees for three years, treasurer for two years, and vice president in the current year. He is president of the Georgia Branch of the Associated General Contractors of America. For Vice President — D. Braxton Blalock, Jr.—president of Blalock Machinery and Equipment Company, Inc.—is currently treasurer of the Association, and has served as a member of the scholarship, finance, and fund-raising committees. He is past president of the Associated Equipment Distributors and of the Kiwanis Club of Sandy Springs. For Treasurer — Dakin B. Ferris has been manager of the Atlanta office of Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc. since 1960 and is also a resident vice president of the firm. He MAY 1967
was the head of the United Appeal Fund Drive in Atlanta during the past year and is well known in the city for his many other civic activities. For Trustee—Allen S. Hardin is treasurer of the Ira H. Hardin Company of Atlanta. A past president of the Greater Atlanta Georgia Tech Club, he is considered by no less an authority than Atlanta magazine to be one of the young leaders in the construction industry in this part of the country. He is currently a member of the Board of Trustees of the Alumni Association. For Trustee—James P. "Polly" Poole is president of the Estate and Pension Planning Company of Atlanta. He is past president of the National CLU Society of the life insurance industry and of the greater Atlanta Georgia Tech Club. He currently serves as co-chairman of the fund-raising committee of the Alumni Association and is the man basically responsible for the successful formation of the 1000 Club. For Trustee—J. Frank Stovall, Jr., is associated with United Cotton Goods Company, Inc., of Griffin, Georgia. He is currently a member of the Board of Trustees of the Alumni Association, his second such appointment in the past ten years and is chairman of the continuing education committee. For Trustee—Marvin Whitlock is senior vice president of United Airlines with headquarters in Chicago, Illinois. He has served on the trustees for the past year. He is well known for his many civic activities and his Tech leadership in the Chicago area.
j . F. stovai
Marvin Whitlock, '35
How to. Vote All active members of the Association who desire to confirm the above nominations for officers and elected trustees or who wish to present write-in candidates may do so by filling out the official ballot on this page and mailing it to the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association, Atlanta, Georgia 30332. This vote is for election. Be sure to sign your ballot.
BALLOT FOR NATIONAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OFFICERS AND TRUSTEES, 1967-68 • My check in box indicates approval of nominees or I vote for the following write in candidates: FOR PRESIDENT: FOR VICE PRESIDENT: FOR VICE PRESIDENT (at large): FOR TREASURER: FOR TRUSTEES (vote for four): Signed:. Class:. Mail before June 20 to Georgia Tech Alumni Association, Atlanta, Ga. 30332
"COCA-COLA" AND " C O K E " ARE REGISTERED TRADE-MARKS WHICH IDENTIFY ONLY THE PRODUCT OF THE COCA-COLA COMPAN