tTife FEBRUARY, 1962
Female Fireflies in Space/page 11 also in this issue
The Saga of Coosa Valley / page 6 Comml nication for parents / page 18
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THARPE & BROOKS
M O R T G A G E
B A N K E R S
1 NS U RO RS
TRINITY 3 - 1 2 1 1 ATLANTA
FAIRFAX 3 - 1 8 4 1 COLUMBUS
ADAMS 6 - 5 7 6 5 SAVANNAH LIBERTY 3 - 3 4 6 7 SHERWOOD 6 - 9 6 9 1 ATHENS MACON G E O R G I A ROBERT THARPE '34
J. L. BROOKS '39
Printers OF NATIONAL AWARD WINNING
GEORGIA TECH ALUMNUS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS OF DISTINCTION
tympany 302 HAYDEN STREET, N.W. ATLANTA 13, GEORGIA
â€˘ INCREASINGLY over the past three or four issues of this magazine, the byline, Frank Bigger, has been attached to feature articles. Before you reach an apoplectic state from wondering who Frank Bigger is and what connection he has with Georgia Tech, we would like to take a few lines and brief you on the man. Michael Franklin Peter Clifford Bigger, to use his full name, is a six-foot redhead with the temper and disposition to match his hair. He joined the Tech staff in August as assistant director of publications and editor of the science and technology news bureau, a new branch of the public relations department. Since his graduation from the University of South Carolina some seven years ago, Frank has been a newspaperman with a great interest in science and little opportunity to write science-oriented articles. He came to Tech from Augusta where he was news editor of The Augusta Chronicle. In the few months that he has been on the campus, Frank Bigger has done a fantastic amount of good for Georgia Tech. His weekly feature series, "Science and Technology/Today," has been used by papers all over this country. His work on the recently redesigned Research Engineer magazine has already started to attract more attention to Georgia Tech's research and educational programs. (If you want to keep up with Tech's research and educational programs through The Research Engineer, we will be happy to send you a free subscription. Just send your name and address to The Editor, The Research Engineer, Georgia Tech, Atlanta 13, Georgia.) And his general news sense has been invaluable to Tech's PR Director Fred Ajax and to us in the publications office. The influence of Tech on a man is sometimes amazing. When he came here, Frank made it known that he wasn't much of a sports enthusiast. Three months later, he and Placement Director Neil DeRosa drove all night to see the Gator Bowl game in Jacksonville. This quarter, he began taking undergraduate courses at Tech. Within a few weeks, he will find out first-hand why Tech has acquired its reputation for turning out top-flight graduates. Meanwhile, he keeps on adding to his own reputation by his
capacity for work and his ability to get to the bottom of a tough science story. On page 6 of this issue, Frank Bigger reappears with a story of "The Saga of the Coosa Valley," and on page 11, he demonstrates his science writing ability with an article on "Project Firefly."
A ANOTHER friend of ours named Frank died in mid-December. Frank M. Spratlin, Atlanta realtor and civic leader, suffered a heart attack at his office and was dead before they could get him to a hospital. Frank Spratlin attended Tech for just one semester back in 1902, yet, he became one of the staunchest supporters in the history of the school. He was a past president of the Alumni Association, and a member of the Georgia Tech Foundation Board. He received the Alumni Distinguished Service Award in 1945. He was at one time Tech's tower of strength on the Board of Regents and was the first member of that Board to manage WGST for Tech. He was instrumental in developing the annual TechGeorgia freshman game as an important instrument of financial aid for the Scottish Rite Hospital. He was one of the top workers on the Alexander Memorial Fund and hundreds of other funds, large and small, for the benefit of Tech and of the City of Atlanta. But, the thing that we most remember about Frank Spratlin was his genuine charm and concern for his fellow men. He was one of the few truly gentle men we have been privileged to know. And we shall miss him as much for that as for all he did to help Georgia Tech.
â€˘ THIS YEAR'S Gator Bowl might have been a bust as far as the final score went, but in every other detail it was a smashing success. George Olsen and Joe Livingston and all of the officers and trustees of the Gator Bowl closed out the year as the best hosts Georgia Tech has ever had at a post-season game. The City of Jacksonville is to be congratulated on the way that the Gator Bowl activities were handled this year. And, we hereby take back all of those things we said two years ago about the bowl ticket situation. Now, if we could only do something about breaking Tech's TECH ALUMNUS
losing streak of two in a row at that bowl we would be completely happy with the situation in Jacksonville. A THIS YEAR while at the Gator Bowl, we were assigned to cover the ball game for the paper published in our hometown in Pennsylvania. The town, Clearfield, is located less than 30 miles from the site of Penn State and our copy got the maximum exposure. We can't remember when we have had to eat so much crow and doubt seriously if we will ever go home again.
A SPEAKING of Clearfield again after so many years reminds us of a series of odd coincidences concerning that central Pennsylvania town and Georgia Tech. One of the big men in the town now (in fact in the State of Pennsylvania) is J. Riley Fulmer (see page 26 of this issue). Well. Riley is a Tech graduate, EE '41, who was born and raised in Augusta, Georgia. While at Tech he co-oped in Clearfield with a firm managed by Bill Diehl, Sr., father of the photographer for the Alumnus. When he finished school he went to Clearfield to work for Bill's dad and married a girl from that area. Meanwhile, we came to Tech and married an Atlanta girl. And, after completing Missouri, Diehl followed us down this way and married a Georgia girl. Looking at Riley's success, we are not quite sure what state got the best in the two for one trade.
A WK ARE IN possession of our quarterly notice from George Griffin about his ticket finances and other items of interest to our readers. Here is our version of what George wanted us to pass on to you: (1) If you happen to have any old pictures of classes, athletic teams, clubs, fraternities, etc. that you would like to present to Tech, George would love to hear from you. (2) George is $11 ahead of the game in his ticket wheeling and dealing for 1961. If you are missing $ 11 in transactions with Griffin, he has your money.
reetings to students and alumni everywhere. We share •tt~:
your interest in the advancement of our alma mater, Georgia Tech.
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A TECH'S basketball team is having a rough year, losing eight while winning five at this writing. But six of the losses came in the last 10 minutes and two of them in the last minute. Next month we'll take a look at the team.
~&at- HJcJU^.J,. FEBRUARY, 1 9 6 2
^ • ( \ ~ / £ ^
W . J. McAlpin, President,
W. J. McAlpin, Jr., Vice-President, '57 F. P. DeKoning, Secretary, ' 4 8
J.J. FINNIGAN CO., INC. P. O. Box 2 3 4 4 , Station D A t l a n t a 18, Georgia
Birmingham 5, Alabama. P. 0. Box 3285A Denver 22, Colorado, 3201 South Albion Street Dallas 19, Texas, P. 0. Box 6597 Kansas City 4 1 , Missouri, P. 0. Box 462 Greensboro, North Carolina, P. 0. Box 1589 Little Rock, Arkansas, 4108 C Street Houston 6, Texas, P. 0. Box 66099 Memphis 11, Tennessee, 3683 Southern Avenue Jacksonville 3, Florida, P. 0. Box 2527 Mew Orleans 25, Louisiana, P. 0. B:ox 13214 Richmond 28, Virginia, 8506 Ridgeview Drive
THE FACE OF GEORGIA TECH
— a quick look at the real Frank Bigger and some hometown reminiscing occupy the editor in this issue.
SAGA OF THE COOSA VALLEY — an amazing story of an adventurous group of men and Tech's part in a new approach to industrial development.
— a special report on the first two years of a research project by Frank Bigger.
GALEN HALL AND HIS FRIENDS
READING AND WRITING
THE GEORGIA TECH JOURNAL
FEMALE FIREFLIES IN SPACE
— Penn State whips Tech, 30-15, in the Gator Bowl. — English Department head A. J. Walker issues a warning for parents and for the young. — all of the news about the Institute, the alumni clubs, and the alumni of the Institute by classes.
Officers of the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association J. F. Willett, '45, Pres. I. H. Hardin, '24, VP W. S. Terrell, '30, VP Jack Adair, '33, Treas. W. Roane Beard, '40, Executive Secretary Staff
Bob Wallace, Jr., '49, Editor Bill Diehl, Jr., Chief Photographer Mary Jane Reynolds, Editorial Assistant Tom Hall, '59, Advertising Mary Peeks, Class Notes
THE COVER "•/ M I WH — I»
A Nike-Cajun rocket bolts from the sandy launch of Santa Rosa Island on a journey to the edge of space. Boosting vehicle for sodium-cesium Firefly cloud package, the two-state, solidfueL,rocket reaches a speed of a mile a second at maximum velocity. Its part in a Tech project is told starting on page 11. Cover photo—M. M.
Published eight times a year—February, March, May, July, September, October, November and December*—by the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association, Georgia Institute of Technology; 225 North Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia. Subscription price (35c per copy) included in the membership dues. Second class postage paid at Atlanta, Georgia.
came to Atlanta again and for one day the students took advantage of the respite from classes to hold snow battles, build statues (most of them unusable in a family magazine sharp winds have been a couple of snow and ice storms that as picture material), and slide down the hills of the campus have managed to close all of the schools in the area for at on everything from Dining Hall trays to cardboard boxes. least a day. This year, on January 10, the snow and ice Here is how a snowy day looks at Tech.
three years, Atlanta has been experiencing some tough winters (at least for Atlanta they Chave been tough). Accompanying the low temperatures and VER THE PAST
for the Alumnus
Photographed by Bill Diehl Associates
SAO A OF TH E COOSA VALLEY By pooling resources and hiring technical assistance from Georgia Tech a unique Northwest Georgia organization goes after industry for an area Georgia Power Company's Plant Hammond in Floyd County. Symbol of industrial growth, this 300,000 kilowatt-capacity plant and others like it furnish the energy to drive manufacturing machinery in the Coosa area.
by Frank Bigger
OME, GEORGIA—"Quarters-for-prosperity," and expert L technical know-how from Georgia Tech are the two factors that lend uniqueness and the promise of success to a Northwest Georgia organization dedicated to economic and social development. The organization is the Coosa Valley Area Planning and Development Commission which has its headquarters here in Rome where two streams—the Etowah and the Oostanaula—flow together in the shadows of this city's seven hills to form a mightier current, the Coosa River. And just as these streams branch out across the political entities of Northwest Georgia, so do the interests of the development organization reach out to embrace an 11county area, touching the lives of nearly 250,000 people. The Coosa organization's aims are high and widely diversified. The member counties are pooling their resources in the commission to raise a bulwark against scourges of this age, industrial blight and economic stagnation. Among the goals are a continuing program of regional planning, new industries, an increase in the per capita income, wellmarshalled and properly utilized natural resources, stability in agriculture, and tourist promotion. These aims will be balanced with education, vocational training, community planning and research, and the proper social and home atmosphere. By anyone's standards, these are ambitious pursuits, but other sections of Georgia, indeed other sections of the nation that have fallen into hard times, might do well to keep an eye on the Coosa Valley movement. For if hard work, eagerness and enthusiasm mean anything, the movement will not fail. So determined are the men behind the organization that they have called on Georgia Tech to give technical assistance. And this sets the organization apart from other such agencies in the nation. Never before has such a development group gone out and hired technical experts for its work. When these experts from Tech's Industrial Development Branch (IDB) were called in, it was a first for them, too. It marked the first time Tech personnel had moved into the field and set up an office to work hand in hand with a regional development unit, to analyze plant sites, conduct marketing surveys, give engineering assistance, aid numerous research projects, and give a boost to existing industries by helping plan plant layouts for expansion and assisting in other technical problems affecting their growth.
Loose association with an idea
The organization began as a loose association of counties with mutual problems and the germ of an idea to bring overall progress and development to the region. A formative conference was called in May, 1959, where representatives discussed their difficulties and studied ways to solve them. The picture they saw was a study in contrasts. At the one extreme in the Coosa area they found large, populous, prosperous and heavily industrialized Floyd County with FEBRUARY, 1962
its urban center of Rome; and at the other extreme, mountainous Dade County, tucked in the remote corner against Alabama and Tennessee, having only one eighth of Floyd's population and with interests centered in farming and forestry. Farming and forestry also account for the largest single category of employment in Douglas, Murray and Paulding, while government jobs provide the biggest payroll in Catoosa. More industrialized and urbanized are textileoriented Bartow, Chattooga, Gordon and Polk, and apparel-minded Haralson. The most serious employment problem
Four of the counties — Chattooga, Haralson, Murray and Polk had lost population in the past 10 years. The loss of one mill and cutbacks at another have in recent years left Polk with Georgia's most serious chronic unemployment situation. Representatives at the meeting found that the area has its share of unsolved problems that are familiar in Georgia —befouled rivers, planless communities and wide tax discrepancies. They decided that even though their area was the most industrialized region outside of Atlanta complex, they shared the common need and desire to develop new and better economic opportunities. They were not going to sit idle; they were going to do something about it. T. Harley Harper, Rome furniture dealer, and Fred Starr of Georgia Power Co. in Rome, spearheaded the drive for organization. Harper offered an unusual plan for financing the operation. He suggested that the 249,193 men,.women and children in the counties that form the Coosa watershed contribute 25 cents a year through tax money. And this "quarters-for-prosperity" plan fired the imagination of the Northwest Georgians. Harper and Starr travelled throughout the area to sell the program. Fair warning about a tough task
They warned fellow planners their task would not be an easy one, that the struggle for sound economic footing would be long, tiring and sometimes discouraging. They decided to seek guidance for their program from Tech and contacted Dr. Kenneth C. Wagner, head of the Industrial Development Branch. The directors felt they could carry out their ambitious undertaking if they could raise the money to finance the operation on a long-term basis. To funds contributed by the counties, the directors were able to add a $30,000 grant from the state to operate Tech's field office in Rome. A second $30,000 was promised by Gov. Ernest Vandiver for the second year's operation. The commission was able to set up a $160,000 budget for the 15-month period starting last July 1. A contract was signed with Tech early in 1961. With Harper as chairman, the commission was formed after two years of negotiations and necessary legal steps. continued on page 8
Key men in the Coosa Valley saga, at the left Fred Starr (seated) talks with Tech's George Whitlatch, while above Rome furniture man T. Harley Harper is the author of the plan that financed the Commission. On the right is the Tech team in Rome meeting with Sidney Thomas, director of the Coosa Commission. From left, Whitlatch, Thomas, Ross Hammond, James Wyatt, and Wallace B. Bishop, Jr.
It now encompasses the counties of Bartow, Catoosa, Chattooga, Dade, Douglas, Floyd, Gordon, Haralson, Murray, Paulding and Polk, with two commission members for each. Two counties originally invited to participate, Walker and Whitfield, withdrew after changes in local political circumstances. But the unit can be expanded to include other counties if they wish to participate. One of the legal steps involved in setting up the commission was the Georgia General Planning Enabling Act of 1957. This legislation gave the necessary authority to establish the loose-knit Coosa Valley Planning and Development Assn. as the Coosa Valley Area Planning and Development Commission. The consolidation of effort did not lead to a blurring of county functions; they remain as individual as ever. To quote one source: "There has been a spirit of cooperation which has forged the county lines into links of kinship rather than bars to progress." The commission has numerous tasks and goals. All of these can, in the final analysis, be summed up in one objective: Keep the Coosa Valley area prosperous enough to afford what it wants and needs, while keeping alive the American dream of a better life for generations that follow. The successful blending of these counties with their diverse economic backgrounds in an effort to solve mutual problems is no minor victory for the men behind the Coosa Valley movement. It is a signal triumph. Indeed, to some it stands as an amazing accomplishment for Georgia, where the
traditions of county rivalry and sovereignty are strong. Tech's field office work is being coordinated with activities of the main IDB office in Atlanta by Dr. George Whitlatch, senior research scientist with IDB. Others on the team are Ross Hammond, head of the field office; James R. Wyatt, assistant head; Jerry O. Bange, research assistant, and Wallace B. Bishop Jr., research assistant. Mrs. Catherine Denman is secretary of the IDB field office. The Tech people share adjacent offices with the Coosa Commission in Rome's Chamber of Commerce building. The program and its objectives
The Coosa program is concentrated in two divisionsâ€” industrial research and planning. Tech's four-man field team is handling the first division. This is an effort to determine just what the area has to offer to plant builders. The team will soon reach its first contract objective, preparation of a Coosa Valley industrial site handbook. Included in this volume will be reports on potential plant sites, maps, aerial photos, and related economic information on sites throughout the entire 11-county area. The second contract objective now in the works is the preparation of a Coosa Valley basic data handbook. It will cover such items as population, industrial growth, environment, labor supply, transportation, fuels and power, medical-health facilities, manpower, and government and taxes. Objective three is to provide technical information to industrialists who evidence an interest in a Coosa Valley location. Data on sites, markets, labor, and other critical TECH ALUMNUS
uses when Tech's analysis showed it undesirable for manufacturing plants. An interim report compiled by Ross Hammond, IDB field office head, shows that much has been accomplished already in the area. The report covers the eight-month period from May through December, 1961. It states that, although the period into early September was devoted to staffing the Rome office, a great deal of work has been achieved where the staff has concentrated its efforts in four main divisions. A 45-communi*y audit the Tech w a y
location factors will be specially prepared for interested companies. The fourth objective is to lend guidance to the commission in selecting and using research findings in the preparation of promotional materials. The planning segment of the program is being handled by the commission's own staff under the direction of Sidney Thomas, commission executive director. The offices were set up last April. At present some four or five new industries are investigating or negotiating the location of plants in the Coosa area. Tech personnel have assisted at least a half dozen existing industries in the region in planning plant layouts for expansion and in other technical problems affecting their growth and profitability. IDB Chief Wagner points out that this important dimension of industrial development is one which quite often is completely neglected. One plant is already definitely undertaking a major expansion. Throughout the region, economic and planning studies and assistance in governmental programs have been launched which county commissioners and city councilmen feel have already justified their costs. Help to avoid the costly mistakes
The Tech people are lending invaluable experience to the Coosa organization. The commission is such a new and revolutionary idea in the region that it could have stumbled unwittingly into many mistakes without the guidance from Tech. For instance, in Cartersville, one site being considered for an industrial park by the city was put to other FEBRUARY, 1962
"In the development of resource data," Hammond points out, "45 communities have been audited, using the Georgia Tech audit form now used by all statewide agencies in analysis work. These audits are 90 per cent complete overall, with many of them 100 per cent complete." This economic data about the communities will be used as background material for the Coosa Valley Industrial Resources Handbook and for answering inquiries from industrial prospects. On the industrial sites front, Hammond states that more than 100 sites in the 11-county area have been inspected and site information developed on more than fifty of these. "This information will be filed in the field office," he said, "and many of these sites will be included in the Coosa Valley Industrial Site Handbook." Hammond reports that technical assistance was undertaken for existing manufacturers and the nature of these projects varied from appraisal of value of equipment to a market study, sales analysis, plant layouts and product analysis study. Technical assistance was given to local industrial development groups on such matters as the feasibility of constructing an industrial building for an existing manufacturer, the development of a planned industrial district and provision of information needed for prospects, Hammond reported. In addition to these activities, the Tech staff published an Economic Facts Booklet for the town of Dallas, the first of 17 such booklets planned; participated in numerous meetings on industrial development matters, and gave numerous talks before civic groups on industrial development and the Coosa Valley effort. "This has been a period of staffing and organizing field office activities," Hammond said. "Major emphasis has been on basic economic research so necessary to successful long range industrial development." Hammond said that at the conclusion of the first year's contract with Georgia Tech, May 1, the Coosa Valley Commission will be in a good position to further the industrial development of the area. "The basic economic information required by companies seeking plant locations will be on hand," he pointed out, "and the field office staff will be available to develop adcontinued on page 10
ditional information required by specific industrial prospects and to update data on hand. "In addition, information on industrial sites will be on file. The handbooks will provide excellent material for 'sales brochures' for distribution to interested companies. The foundation for an intensive industrial development effort will have been established," he concluded. The people from Georgia Tech do not regard themselves as "visiting experts" in the Coosa region. Their families are settled in Rome and they have a vital interest in all community activities. This gives them a personal stake in the success of the Coosa Valley movement. They represent some of the leading brains in economic planning and industrial research. Georgia Tech went into the Southwest to secure their services. Two are from Texas and two from Arizona. Breakdown of Tech's staff in Rome
Ross Hammond came to Rome to head the Tech staff last August. Prior to that time he was industrial manager of the Lubbock (Tex.) Chamber of Commerce and before that was area development engineer of the Texas Electric Service Co. in Fort Worth. Hammond attended City College of New York, Texas A&I and the University of Texas. He holds a B. S. degree in electrical engineering and a master of science in industrial engineering. He is a member of the American Institute of Industrial Engineers and served as vice president of the national organization in 1960-61. He is also a member of the Operations Research Society of America; American Industrial Development Council; Southern Industrial Development Council; Rotary International; Tau Beta Pi, and Eta Kappa Nu. James R. Wyatt, assistant head of the Tech staff, joined the IDB staff in Rome last September after eight and onehalf years with the Area Development Division of Texas Electric Service Co. where he directed community development programs. He holds a BBA degree from the University of Texas and also a degree from the Texas School of Law. Another member of the Tech staff, Jerry O. Bange, joined the team last June. Prior to that he had been connected with the New York Central Railroad and the Bank of America. Bange, research assistant, attended the University of Arizona. Rounding out the Tech team is Wallace B. Bishop, Jr., who came to Rome last June. He attended St. Petersburg (Fla.) Junior College, Duke University and the University of Arizona as well as the Army Language School. Mrs. Catherine Denman, secretary of the IDB field office, joined the Tech staff last June, coming from Atlanta where she was a member of the staff of Citizens & Southern National Bank. Working with Executive Director Sidney F. Thomas on the commissions own staff are Glenn C. Woodward Jr., community planner; Leroy Samuel Ayers, draftsman; Robert D. Starr, draftsman, and Miss Barbara Jo McCoy, secretary. 10
The commission has its own newsletter, a monthly, called "The Coosa Valley Lighthouse." The first issue appeared last June. It is designed to keep the residents of member counties informed of commission activities, plans and progress. Georgia's newspapers have given vast coverage to the Coosa movement and have hailed it editorially. One editor called the Coosa Valley Area Planning and Development Commission the "most advanced and enlightened concept" in Georgia's consuming passion—the quest for smokestacks and payrolls. The editor also remarked that the Coosa Valley movement, by embracing the 11 counties clustered about Rome, therefore embraces the widely heralded regional approach to industrial development. "Except in Northwest Georgia, this principle of regional cooperation has fallen on stony places and not taken root. But in the Coosa Valley, it shows promise of bearing fruit," the editor declared. The counties and the cornmunities of the Coosa Valley now aligned in this unique league stand, at this time, well beyond that point where progress is impeded by intense local jealousies. As far as they are concerned, such archaic ideas belong—like the bloody war that once surged across their beautiful hills—to the past. And they are exhibiting that kind of vitality and realistic thinking which ranks high with men who have the power to bring new industries to the region. A couple of men w i t h real vision
Men of vision like T. Harley Harper and Fred Starr are responsible for the growth of this spirit of cooperation, which like the tributaries of the Coosa, Etowah and Oostanaula, cuts across county lines and reaches out to such far-flung communities as Trenton, Chatsworth, Douglasville and Tallapoosa, embracing everything in between. Both Harper and Starr are high in their praises for the Georgia Tech staff. Harper said that the years of work and planning were now beginning to pay off. "With the able assistance from Tech's Industrial Development Branch staff here, we are on the threshold of real progress," he declared. The remarks of these men are supported by this quote from an article in the Rome News-Tribune: "The Georgia Tech staff is playing a vital role in many fields, providing needed engineering advice and assistance, making an analysis of existing and potential plant sites, conducting market studies—in fact, providing research aid for any town or county in the area needing such data—and they all must have it to gain new industry in today's highly competitive industrial race." The hard times that have come to parts of Georgia in the past have never struck too heavily at this Northwest region. If the Coosa Valley Area Planning and Development Commission and the team from Georgia Tech can prevent it, they never will. The minds and energies of these people are joined to give Northwest Georgia a brighter future. TECH ALUMNUS
FEMALE FIREFLIES IN SPACE The rough sphere at the right of this picture goes by the name Firefly Susan. She was one of the many sodium-cesium clouds released in 1960 by Project Firefly. Susan w a s released at a n altitude of 71 miles. This photograph w a s m a d e three minutes after the burst. The bright spot to the far left is the moon, the one in the center is a light on top of a tower. The circle near this light w a s m a d e by Tech scientists to help them locate the optical axis of the camera. The numbers surrounding Susan are reference points which are used to determine the changing character of Susan whose story along with others a p p e a r on the following pages.
Susy's 3 + 3**~
Staff writer Frank Bigger explains the past of an important upper atmos^ ire research project and looks at the big summer ahead for Tech space researchers summer when the weather is crystal clear and the northwest coast of Florida is held in that waking hour between darkness and dawn, slender, powerful rockets will probe the earth's upper atmosphere over the Gulf of Mexico. They will bea"r such code names as Frances, Dolly and Peggy. Their mission is another assault on the secrets of "near space," locked up with the laws of nature by total physical inaccessibility since the birth of our planet. This is another step into the unknown of space — that last and most challenging of frontiers. This is another effort that will lead finally to man's understanding of even greater mysteries — the awesome and colossal machinery of the universe. This is Project Firefly. Carried aboard these Nike-Cajun vehicles will be canisters of chemicals that, when exploded and diffused at altitudes ranging from 50 to 90 miles, will form luminous clouds, "fireflies in space." Special cameras, radar and radio equipment will spy on these artificial clouds (average life span, 30 minutes) recording their development (full size, 30 to 50 miles in diameter) and every move. Evaluation of the data by scientists at the Georgia Institute of Technology will give us still more information about hurricane-force winds, discovered in earlier tests, that rend the rarefied air; about curious shock waves generated by explosions in space, and about determining the altitude and position of special objects. Most readers have heard of these artificial clouds; indeed, a good many who are up and about early have seen them. Just how and why they are created is probably not generally known. In this day of manned space flight, orbiting satellites and space probes that have been sent coursing about the sun never to return again, the upper reaches of earth's atmosphere may seem insignificant. But, as Dr. Howard D. Edwards, research associate professor of physics at Georgia Tech and director of Project Firefly, puts it: "A great deal more needs to be learned about the first hundred miles of our atmosphere. This is especially true because of the development of the X I 5 rocket planes and the planned Dyna-Soar vehicles designed tQpfly at these altitudes." Already, the X15 rocket ship, a short-winged experimental craft, is probing higher and higher into the atmosphere. The Dyna-Soar vehicle mentioned by Edwards is another winged experimental craft now on the drawing boards. Plans call for this manned vehicle to be rammed into an 18,000 m.p.h.-orbit by the Titan Intercontinental Missile. It will be able to return from orbit by making a number of "skip glides" on the upper atmosphere which will slow it to a safe re-entry speed. Information gleaned
GLIN AIR FORCE BASE, FLA.—This
from Project Firefly by Edwards and his team of Tech scientists will help pave the way to success for these futuristic space planes and others that will surely follow. Georgia Tech scientists have been participating in Project Firefly, sponsored by the Air Force, since 1959. The investigations are under the overall direction of Dr. N. W. Rosenberg of the U. S. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories of the Office of Aerospace Research. Paralleling the Georgia Tech effort, Dr. P. H. Gallagher, of Stanford University, until his recent death, had conducted and coordinated research on radio frequency scatter from ionized (electrically charged) portions of the clouds. This work will be continued by Dr. Gallagher's associates. Dr. C. D. Cooper of the University of Georgia Physics Department has been in charge of spectrographic (light and color) studies and works very closely with Dr. Edwards and the Tech group. Firefly personnel are about set to publish four reports on their studies and conclusions from test information compiled during rocket flights in 1959 and 1960. Representing a wealth of new data, these reports are entitled Atmosphere Wind Measurements, Position Determination of the A rtificial Clouds, Spherical Wave from Explosive Burst at High Altitude, and Spectral Data From Chemical Releases in the Upper Atmosphere. No rockets were fired in the program in 1961 and the year was given over to preparation of the report material. The big Firefly summer coming up
At present, 36 flights are planned from Eglin in predawn hours this summer in a continuation of the studies. Shots are made at this time of day to insure an abundance of sunlight to irradiate the man-made clouds and at the same time give maximum contrast for the ground observation stations which will photograph them. The stations will still be in the earth's shadow, cast by the bulge of the planet to the east. But the rockets will soar up to greet the flood of sunlight which forces darkness ever westward. Launches will take place from June to August. Between 15 and 20 Georgia Tech scientists, engineers and technicians will be involved in Project Firefly work along the northeast Gulf Coast. They will set up several observation posts at points about 70 miles east, north and west of the launch site. Feminine names given the rockets for identification purposes are supplied by Rosenberg and are borrowed from the secretarial staff at Cambridge Research Laboratories. Most of the rockets will carry a payload of varying amounts of sodium and cesium. How do sodium and cesium create artificial clouds? Edwards explains that some atoms TECH ALUMNUS
have the ability to absorb radiation from the sun and then reradiate it. The phenomenon causes the atoms to glow and is called resonance radiation. Resonance radiation has served as the primary observing technique for optical measurements taken during Project Firefly. Sodium is one of the most common atoms capable of producing this glow. Not only have U. S. scientists made extensive use of sodium in upper atmosphere studies, but the Russians used it to track some of their moon and space shots as well. Several other atoms are capable of producing resonance radiation. Some of these are potassium, cesium, calcium, lithium and barium. Edwards said that atomic cesium is being used because, when exposed to sunlight in space, it becomes ionized (charged) and can be tracked by radar and other radio frequency equipment. Boosting vehicle for the sodium-cesium package is a relatively cheap, two-stage solid fuel Nike-Cajun assembly with Nike being the first stage and Cajun the second. When
the nose cone is added, it measures approximately 30 feet. At maximum velocity it reaches a speed of one mile per second and can carry a payload of 66 pounds to an altitude of 100 miles. The chemical package is carried in an aluminum container along with loosely-packed RDX, a granular explosive. Sodium and cesium are released and diffused by an explosion which takes place automatically when the rocket reaches the desired altitude. Launch site is Santa Rosa Island, a part of the Eglin Test Range. According to Edwards, the Nike-Cajun is a highly reliable rocket. No test failures could be directly attributed to rocket malfunctions. .#-.. Violent and hostile forces are at work in the upper atmosphere and serve as a warning to astronauts who may be "flying" through these regions. The mighty winds at play there are unlike those we know on earth. Temperatures recorded there by Firefly
Firefly personnel headed by Howard D. Edwards (second from right), director of the project pose before a Nike-Cajun launch vehicle. The man with the camera is C. D. Cooper of Georgia and
the one sixth from right is N. W. Rosenburg of the U.S. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories of the Office of Aerospace Research. The rest of the group is made up of Tech personnel.
continued on page 14
Tech graduate student Melvin T. Capps, a research assistant on the Firefly project checks one of the complicated camera assemblies prior to an early morning launching.
FEMALE FIREFLIES IN SPACE-continued scientists are in the neighborhood of 620째 F. They too are unlike those we know on earth. "The atmosphere above 45 miles and up to 100 miles is boiling," said Dr. Edwards. By clocking the movement of artificial clouds at specific altitudes, the Tech team measured winds screaming along at 400 m.p.h., while less than a mile higher, another wind might be surging along at approximately the same incredible speed, but in a totally different direction. The "shear" (that area where these opposing layers of wind "rub" against each other) produced turbulent movements clocked at 300 m.p.h. in extreme cases, according to scientific calculations. These opposing winds might be of sufficient force to deflect low-flying satellites and even giant missiles passing through the region, since their own high velocity would serve to increase the conflicting forces. However, Edwards explained, a 400 m.p.h. wind aloft would not exert the same force as a similar speed at the surface of the earth. This is true because the molecules of air, pressed so closely together at the surface of the earth by the weight of the atmosphere above, are fewer and more widely distributed at high altitudes. To better understand this, the reader may picture himself as living at the bottom of an ocean of air. Pressure is exerted by the weight from above to such a degree that the air near the floor of this ocean is held more firmly in place. Near the surface of this ocean, where pressure gradually lessens, the air can "slosh" about more freely. The same rule applies to extremely high temperatures found in the upper atmosphere and determined by the various colors of the clouds. At 90 miles high, the temperature is 620째 F. This is a higher temperature than is needed to melt lead or roast a turkey at ground level. But 14
here again, the sizzling air molecules are so few and far apart, that you wouldn't get hit by enough of them to be burned. Edwards explained that you might hold your hand in a jet of steam a few feet from a kettle in perfect comfort. The hot molecules of steam are being widely dispersed into the air. Now if you move your hand closer to the kettle's spout where the molecules are packed closely together, you might have to send for a doctor. The unseen forces at work generating the stupendous winds on the approaches to space remain a mystery. They begin to howl about 42 miles up and occasionally even dip to the surface of the earth. Edwards said that some Firefly scientists suspect they result from thermal (heating) differences in the atmosphere. Rocket shots in another project scheduled at Wallops Island, Va., in late March and early April may shed new light on this turbulent aspect of the atmosphere. Thus far, all the Project Firefly wind measurements have been taken at dawn. The launches at Wallops Island, sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, will come at night when the thermal instabilities from direct sunlight are absent and may show a distinct difference in the velocity of high altitude winds. Edwards will take part in these shots and some Project Firefly recording apparatus will be used. The pattern finally begins to emerge
Even with all this chaos in the atmosphere, Edwards pointed out that a pattern had emerged from Firefly investigations. A certain method has been found in this atmospheric madness. Clouds were produced at altitudes ranging from 45 to 100 miles. They assumed different shapes at various altitudes, telling scientists what was taking place in each particular range. Studies of cloud photographs have revealed three distinct segments of the upper atmosphere. Edwards has characterized these as being "globular," "cylindrical," and "spherical," as applied to the shapes the clouds assumed. From approximately 45 to 69 miles high, Firefly clouds became globular, with the chemical vapors being swirled into little puffs. This indicates the region has extreme turbulence. For the next six miles, from 69 to 75, the clouds became elongated, like cylinders, showing less turbulence. Above 75 miles, the clouds form single large spheres as the vapor atoms diffuse evenly outward in the less turbulent air. Another interesting phenomena observed in Firefly tests was placed under close study. This was the curious shock waves which developed as explosions were automatically set off in the rocket nose cones to disperse chemicals and create the clouds. In at least one case, two of these shock waves were photographed rushing away from the point of detonation. Scientists deduced that these short-lived waves may consist of vaporized fragments of the aluminum canister, which contained chemicals and a granular explosive, being disTECH ALUMNUS
persed at high velocity and reflecting sunlight. This has not been completely substantiated, however. Another theory is that the shocks may be heat waves illuminating the surrounding air. Still another is that the waves are created by the actual dispersion of chemicals, but this is held in doubt since scientists do not believe the sodium and cesium rush away at such high speeds. Further study will help science better understand how explosions behave in space. Detonations in a near vacuum, such as space is, can be studied in evacuated (air free) chambers in earth-bound laboratories. But here, scientists must contend with shock waves bouncing back frorr^the walls of the chamber. Project Firefly has therefore turned the upper atmosphere into a vast detonation laboratory, completely free of rebounding shocks. Spectrographic studies of Firefly clouds made by Dr. Cooper will help to further determine how chemicals interact with the rarefied atmosphere, and reveal more about the density of the atmosphere and temperature in the clouds. What the photographs have shown
The evolution of Miss Susan as seen through one of the three camera vantage points used to record data studied for the final report. FEBRUARY, 1962
Much has also been learned from Firefly shots about determining the altitude and position of objects in space. A triangulation method has been worked out. Information used is obtained from photographs of clouds made from two or more observation stations. Each photograph contains not only the cloud, but also a background of stars. From the relative position of these stars and the cloud, the angular position of a line of sight from each station to the cloud is determined. The intersection of any two lines of sight locates the cloud. Certain corrections, such as an allowance for atmospheric refraction (bending of light waves), must be made. But a system has been developed for checking the information by electronic computers. The pathway to the stars and home again will not be an easy one. Edwards says we need much more information about turbulence and the daily and hourly variations of temperatures, winds and pressures at extreme altitudes if those who venture into space are to be given a moneyback guarantee on their tickets. Generally supervising the instrumentation for the program has been M. M. Cooksey, with Zane Frentress handling the electronic instrumentation. L. C. Young conducted the shock wave studies. Physics graduate students involved in Firefly work are R. N. Fuller, D. L. Albritton, C. G. Justus, M. T. Capps and E. L. Davis Jr. Undergraduates taking part include M. C. Dallas, John Goodpasture, Robert Thackston and Jerry Swart. Sherry Gerba is project secretary. You may see one of these vividly-colored clouds in the southern skies early one morning next summer. Both the cloud and the rocket which carried its ingredients aloft will bear a feminine name for identification purposes. You may be watching a Lola, a Marie, Jean or Susan. And you will know that the fuzzy cloud and the men who created it are helping mark the trails into space. 15
Tech's most valuable player, Joe Auer (22) sets a new Gator Bowl record as he breaks through the line (above), fakes a Penn State halfback in the open (center) and then outruns an end down the sidelines for a score.
GALEN H A L L A N D FRIENDS The Gator-Bowl h e x e d J a c k e t s fall to Penn State by 3 0 - 1 5
first impression after viewing Penn State's convincing 30-15 victory in the Gator Bowl was that perhaps Dodd had overdone his soft training methods this year. But, in the retrospective thinking of a week, the view changes rapidly to one of great admiration for the magnificent game played by the Nittany Lions on December 30 in The boys from the hills of central Pennsylvania absorbed a series of horrendous breaks in the first 20 minutes of the game, then picked themselves off the turf and overcame Tech's seemingly safe 9-0 lead to win going away. The catalyst in this amazing comeback was senior Galen Hall, a squat, near-sighted quarterback, who for this one afternoon was the best signal caller and passer that the Jackets had viewed in many a year. Robert Lee Dodd had no apologies to make for one of his "best" teams absorbing the worst whipping since SMU did the 1958 Jackets in, 20-0, in Dallas. Queried about his call of a fourth-down pass from the Tech 12 with 4:50 left on the clock and Tech trailing 15-20, Dodd said, "The Bowl fans don't come out to see us hold the score down. We wanted to win this one. Unfortunately, the execution of the play was faulty or we would have had the first down. The same play gave us our only good scoring attempt against LSU and we tried it in the third quarter in Baton Rouge." State went on to a field goal after this play to put the game out of reach at 23-15 and then added another touchdown and point after intercepting another desperation Tech pass following the ensuing kickoff. Tech scored the first points early in the opening period on a rare call by the officials when Hall, trapped in his own end zone, threw in the general direction of ail-American end Mitinger and was called for intentional grounding.
Early in the second period, Tech's Joe Auer, most valuable player for the Jackets in the game, ripped off left tackle and set a new Gator Bowl record with a 68-yard run that was a beauty. Lothridge added the point and Tech looked like it had a nice 9-0 cushion. But, here came Hall passing and running his great halfback Kochman to confuse the Tech defense. Hall's 13-yard pass to Gursky got State on the board and the point after made it 9-7. After Tech made a pair of first downs and had to kick, the Lions came roaring right back with an 87-yard drive to go ahead at 9-14 just before the end of the first half. After a series of exchanges in the third period with Tech trapped for the most part deep in their own territory, State end Robinson threw Gann for a loss and fell on the fumble that followed at the Tech 35. On the first play, .Tech was caught with their pass defense down and Hall sailed a long one to Powell who danced across from the Tech 8-yard line with no one within 20 yards. The point try was no good and State had upped the lead to 9-20. After another exchange of punts Tech drove for its final touchdown which again was manufactured by Auer, this time via a nifty 14-yard run after an errant pitchout. The try for the two-pointer that would have brought Tech within field goal distance fell one yard short and it was 15-20 with over 10 minutes left. State drove up to midfield on the next series and almost blew the ball game on the drive when Tech's linebacker, Bobby Caldwell, got in front of a Hall pass at the State 28 but dropped it. The State kick drove Tech back to its own 8-yard line where the gamble that failed occurred. The Jackets played a strong game and ended up the winner in the statistics column, but Hall hit the passes when it counted and that was the difference. FEBRUARY, 1962
Photograph by Bill Diehl, Jr.
The Importance of Reading and Writing "Never before has there been such a flow of words coupled with such a lack of effective communication. It would seem to be a simple task to teSch students to formulate ideas with thought and precision, and to express their ideas clearly. It is perhaps the most difficult and demanding task which faces teachers today. The need for effective expression is critical in science, economics and world diplomacy. Our students need far more practice and guidance than they ordinarily receive." _ T_ . x , John F. Kennedy I am going to make the assumption that when we talk about reading and writing, we are going to be talking 18
about it primarily in terms of our children. I realize there is something illogical about this, since we too might need improvement. But it is the part of parents to ask more of children than of themselves. I have a great deal of sympathy for some of the children who complained, when the first Russian Sputnik went into orbit, that their parents were talking about additional work for the children, a 40 hour week, or a 50 hour week, and thinking about a lot of things the children ought to learn and should learn immediately. At the same time the parents were talking about a 30 hour week for themselves. Since it might be a little embarrassing, if we are talking about the imporTECH ALUMNUS
The head of Tech's English department, A. J. Walker, gives parents a warning about neglecting the art of communication tance of reading and writing, to talk about ourselves, we'll restrict this discussion to the needs of our children. A great deal has been said and written lately about the failure of our children to learn to read and write. I am not sure that all of it is relevant. All of us learn to read certain things and almost none of us are able to read others. I recall an experience at Maxwell Field when we were investigating the possibility of instituting a speed reading course at Georgia Tech. I looked on the shelf which was labeled Easy Reading, pulled down a book, put it in a speed reading machine, and prepared to read. The first sentence baffled me completely. What was easy reading and fast reading for an airman was an utterly impossible task for a teacher of English. If we were to define reading as looking at a certain number of symbols on a page and deducting from them a meaning, obviously all of us can read some things and can't read others. I assume none of us expect our children to be able to read books obviously beyond them, but have a right to ask that they understand clear writing appropriate to their background. Essentially schools exist to supplement the education which the children receive from their parents, and both combine to help them prepare to face a rapidly changing world. Those of us who have lived through two world wars, and who have lived through the intervening period of the thirties, have "seen greater social changes, changes in attitudes, changes in thought, in this country than in any comparable period. We have faced the threat of annihilation which began in the late forties and which becomes more real every day. We cannot help being aware that men do not die in the same world in which they were born. All lives are a constant adjustment to the new. The world is changing its physical aspects as fast as it is changing its social, political, and military aspects. Within a brief period of four years, it has become possible to go from Atlanta to New York in exactly one half the time it had taken previously. The size of this country, the size of this world was cut in half in four years. Not only is the way we travel, and the way we make our living changing, but the very way we are going to live is changing. I would suggest that the ability and the wish to learn about the world by reading about the world, not just in magazines of the present, but in literature of the. past, are about all the education, all the preparation for an understanding of their world that we can give our children. Though you and I live in a vigorous and modern city, we live in a culturally backward area of a country that has FEBRUARY, 1962
often preferred action to thought, and been impatient with those who insisted that thought was itself a part of action. Our city was burned once and our area devastated because its people lagged too far behind the thinking of the civilized world and insisted on holding onto a human relationship that the western world had repudiated. If our children are to be free of provincialism, free to think clearly and be at home in the world, free of our mistakes, their horizons must be broad and far reaching. The way to such growth is through wide reading. How can we stimulate wide reaching? Let me advance a hypothesis of my own. It is drawn, I am sure, from insufficient evidence, but I believe it has some virtue. The most important thing we parents can do is to watch for the moment when our children turn to books and see that they are supplied with books at that time. I recall a speech I once learned from Julius Caesar that began, "There is a tide in the affairs of men Which taken at the flood, leads on to fortune. Omitted, all the voyage of their life Is bound in shallows and in miseries." If I could paraphrase it, I would say there is a tide in the lives of children which taken at the flood leads on to books, and to breadth, and to depth of understanding, and the life-long devotion and respect for reading. If reading is omitted at this time, all the voyage of their lives may be bound in the narrow limits of daily papers and daily experiences. That's not a sufficient background for reading or for life. Dr. Samuel Johnson once said, "A man ought to read just as inclination leads him, for what he reads as a task will do him little good." We need not agree altogether with Dr. Johnson to accept the general idea that what children are interested in is a good place to begin. If we catch them at ten or eleven and make them little bookworms or at least bookish people, I think we can count on them to move forward. They will need books to help them move. I repeat that we should try to make them bookworms, or at least not discourage them from becoming bookish, even if they are set apart from their age group. As a nation we worship too much the well-rounded and the average, unmindful of the fact that no nation advances because of average people. Alfred North Whitehead has warned us that the civilization that does not value and develop its trained intelligence is doomed. In books our children will find a challenge to be more than average. continued on page 20 19
Reading and Writingâ€”continued We are well aware that often we have little influence over our children at certain years compared with the influence of their friends or their peers. And we English teachers often decide that the children are going to speak and write no better than their peer group. But I would like to advance the idea that the child may pick his own friends, he may pick his own peer group, and that this peer group may not be those with whom he is in daily association. It may be those about whom he has read. Oliver Goldsmith remarked, "The first time I read an excellent book it is to me just as if I had gained a new friend." And I suppose all of us know that sometimes it is through the friends gained in books, through the characters we have read about, whether real or fictional, that the most permanent and shaping influence on our lives may be exerted. I sometimes wonder if we are fully aware of our children's need for books. Or if we are as fully aware of this need as we are for their physical needs and their social needs or even their amusements. Addison remarked that "Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body." I wonder if we spend as much money on books for each child as we spend on athletic equipment or on a television set. Owning books is a privilege every child should have, and it may be the beginning of friendship with books. It should begin early and continue throughout life. The child who does not receive at least one good book at Christmas is an underprivileged child. But if we cannot give our children books, we can make them aware of the neighborhood library and the wealth of books awaiting them there, the wealth of friends they may discover, the wealth of experiences they may have. Perhaps I have moved too far away from my subject, but if reading fits a man for life, it fits him for college or for the job he will do. And if the student does not read, he will not be able to write. Those who give us the most trouble in college are not those who use words and make mistakes, but the barren minds that have nothing to write about because they have not interested themselves in knowing about anything and haven't thought about anything. Just yesterday a freshman came into my office to tell me a sad story of failing English, failing math, and being dangerously close to failing in his chemistry. He told me that he had no vocabulary ancfhad difficulty both in writing and in reading. After confiding his troubles to me, he sat limply in the chair and expected me to provide him with a short, easy, and simple way to overcome his failings. I surprised him by asking him what book he had ever read of his own accord. For a brief moment he gave some evidence of trying to think of one. Then he said, "Well, it won't be the great literature." I assured him that I didn't care what it was, that all I wanted was just the book that he had ever been interested 20
enough to read on his own. He was unable to recall the name of a single book he had ever read on his own. He could not even recall the name of a book other than a textbook that he had ever read. Here was a young man who had come to college with no ascertainable intellectual interest at all. He had no vocabulary, he had no interest strong enough to send him to books or libraries to find out anything. He hoped in a few short months to make up a deficiency of at least seven years. He was hopeless. When he left I was inspired to write a poem, paraphrasing Mother Goose. This little freshman read of space ships And this one of cholorphyl! And this little freshman read of isotopes And this one of good and ill And this little freshman read nothing at all And he's just a little freshman still. Let me jump beyond the needs of everyday writing to the central issue. What I say may not be alien to our children; they often dream greater dreams and have nobler ambitions than we think. Let us remind them that the most nearly imperishable is that which has been written. Robert Sherwood in his book about Roosevelt and Hopkins wrote this about President Roosevelt's composition of his speeches, "The work that was put on these speeches was prodigious, for Roosevelt, with his acute sense of history, knew that all of those words would constitute the bulk of the estate that he would leave to posterity and that his ultimate measurement would depend on the reconciliation of what he said with what he did." Indeed, the bulk of our estate as Americans is the writing left to us by those who spoke to and for us. Our heritage is even vaster. It is all writings of all great men. If Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is the-noblest and most enduring prose produced in America, it still comes second to the eulogy which Pericles delivered over the Athenian youth killed in the Peloponnesian War. For Lincoln said. "The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here." Pericles, speaking to a more logical audience, regretted that the memory of the brave deeds that he was to eulogize would stand or fall upon his ability as a speaker. Lincoln was the more modest, but Pericles spoke the truth. Words are the imperishable monument. We ourselves know how much we owe to those who wrote. They give us our past, they reveal us to ourselves. Those who gathered the stories of our Lord and wrote the gospels may not have been the greatest authors, but what would we know if they had not written? Paul's lettersâ€”and those of othersâ€”were not written to us, but they speak to us freshly through the years. It is true in other realms than history that the written word constitutes the bulk of our estate as civilized human beings. It is also true that the extent to which we read is the extent to which we come into our estate as men who have sought, and to some small extent attained, knowledge and understanding. TECH ALUMNUS
The February 1962
A digest of information about Georgia Tech and its alumni
SHOULD the unhappy day ever arrive when America's cities become the targets for hostile craft, the means for protection, for bringing down enemy bombers before they can deliver a killing blow, are ready and waiting. Aside from the jet fighter, most obvious weapon for interception and destruction, are other devices for protection that are no so obvious. They are fantastic in operation, capable of performing their deadly duty at a moment's notice. They are "systems," the products of "systems engineering," a term that probably stumps most Americans. It is a term they will be hearing more and more, for today systems engineering is the newest and most rapidly expanding concept in engineering design and development endeavor. These systems are playing a vital role in defense efforts and are finding an increasingly important place in industry. Some military systems for protection involve radar, computers, ground-to-air missiles, and still more radar. Here, in simplified version, is how such a military system works: Surveillance radar identifies an approaching enemy bomber and sends information to computer; computer plots course, speed, altitude and other vital data which is stored and transmitted; a computer command fires a surface-to-air missile at plane; a second radar watches flight of missile and tells computer if necessary adjustments should be made; collision course is maintained; missile strikes and plane is destroyed. A typical civilian use for a system can be found in chemical plants where "closed loops" are used to automatically carry out chemical processing. Measuring instruments keep watch at strategic points in the system and relay information to computers which serve as "electronic brains" in the loop. The computers store the information and use it in solving any problems which might arise, and thereby regulate the system. The "big guns" in systems, be they military or civilian, are the computers. This was one of the main points brought out recently at the Second Annual Georgia. Tech Alumni Institute. Held as part of the Homecoming celebration, the seminar was devoted to "Systems Engineering: An ApFEBRUARY, 1962
proach to the Increasing Complexity of Engineering Problems." The sessions were sponsored by the Tech National Alumni Association and the College of Engineering. Systems engineering is an area of specialization, but rather than being a single study, it is a blend of nearly all engineering efforts. For this reason, speakers were drawn from chemical, electrical, mechanical, civil and industrial engineering. Dr. lack M. Spurlock of Tech's School of Chemical Engineering gave the seminar a brief history of systems engineering, showing how systems first came into their heyday through military use in World War II. As a result of the war and competition, systems were adopted by industry. Spurlock compared the behavior of systems to the extremely complex functions of the human body, as a further illustration. Describing the civil engineer's approach to systems engineering, Dr. Donald O. Covault had this to say: "Systems as applied to civil engineering deal with the planning, design and operation of facilities such as transportation systems, hydraulic systems and sanitary engineering systems." The civil engineer must often look at a project as a system in order to make a final decision. Covault mentioned dams and freeways as examples the civil engineer might regard as entities or as systems. For instance, should a dam be built that will only produce water power, or should it be constructed as a system to serve navigation and other purposes as well? Is it more feasible to construct a freeway at very high cost, or rebuild existing facilities at a lower cost, but which will provide less efficient traffic service? The answers are quite often linked to economics, he explained. Dr. Charles W. Gorton, in giving the mechanical engineer's point of view, said that the philosophy of engineering and the engineering approach is certainly not new, but basic knowledge and analytical and experimental techniques are growing rapidly. "The engineer of today can attack and solve successfully much more complex problems than ever before," he said. Gorton attributed this in part to the development and widespread availability of the electronic computer. "These advances have made possible improved design of systems. Steam and gas turbine power plants are examples of sys-
tems whose designs have profited by the use of these new techniques," he said. Gorton then reminded the seminar that very basic elements still play a vital role. "A knowledge of scientific fundamentals, experience, and judgment are still required in the final analysis." Examples of heating system problems were used by Dr. Joseph L. Hammond, Jr., who explained the electrical engineer's point of view. Dr. Hammond also discussed the work of computers in systems engineering, describing each type of computer and discussing its advantages and limitations. The industrial engineer's standpoint was given by Dr. Harrison M. Wadsworth. He said their interest in systems engineering stems from the close similarity between the systems approach and operations research. Although operations researchers are more concerned with improving existing systems while systems engineers are primarily interested in the design of new systems, the similarities are more important than the differences. The industrial engineer is extremely interested in problems concerned with the reliability of a system, because it becomes a statistical as well as an engineering problem. "An industrial engineering student at Georgia Tech is currently being made at least acquainted with the various systems concepts and thus should be a valuable member of many systems engineering teams," Wadsworth concluded. Recognizing the importance of work in this area, Georgia Institute of Technology established the Georgia Tech Systems Engineering Committee last February. It is composed of representatives from each of the engineering departments on the campus. Association announces new officers and trustees
THE 1961-62 officers and trustees of the Georgia Tech National Alumni Association were announced in December by Executive Secretary W. Roane Beard. The new President of the Association is J. Frank Willett, a 1945 graduate of Georgia Tech and Area Manager for Westinghouse Electric in Chattanooga. New Vice Presidents, elected by the alumni, are Ira H. Hardin, '24, well-known Atlanta contractor, and William S. Terrell, '30, Vice President of Terrell Machine Company in Charlotte, N. C. Jack Adair, '33, President 21
THE INSTITUTE-confinueci of Adair Realty Company of Atlanta, is the new Treasurer. The new Board of Trustees includes the following Atlantans: John O. Chiles, '23, President, Adams-Cates Co.; Paul L. Dorn, '31, President, Crown Food Products Co.; Alvin M. Ferst, '43, Assistant Vice President, Rich's, Inc.; Howard H. McCall, III, '45, District Manager, Midland Ross Corp.; Daniel A. McKeever, '32, President, J. E. Hanger, Inc.; James B. Ramage, '37, Agency Manager, Equitable Life Assurance Society of the U.S.; Marthame Sanders, '26, Marthame Sanders & Co.; R. A. Siegel, '36, President, R. A. Siegel Co.; Harry B. Thompson, Jr.. '28, President, Conklin Tin Plate & Metal Co.; and James G. Wohlford, '41, Director, Co-op Division, Georgia Tech. Out of town members of the Board are Ben W. Burton, '33, Vice President & Manager, Athens Div., Georgia Power Co.; Frank H. Baker, Jr., '35, Manager, Ivan Allen Co., Macon, Ga.; Madison F . Cole, '41, Mutual Life Insurance Co. of N . Y., Newnan, Ga.; Robert T. Davis, Jr., '47, Vice President, Swift Spinning Mills, Columbus, Ga.; John C. Hall, '26, President, Cobbs, Allen & Hall Mortgage Co., Birmingham, Ala.; Donald C. Johnston, '37, Assistant Executive Officer, J. P. Stevens Co., Milledgeville, Ga.; Fred F . Lester, '32, President, Chemical Products Corp., Cartersville, Ga.; Charles Smithgall, '33, President, Press Radio Center, Gainesville, Ga.; and John H. Woodall, Jr., '38, General Manager, Woodland Furniture Manufacturing Co., Woodland, Ga. Joint Tech-Georgia Fund sets record THROUGH
porations and foundations, the Joint TechGeorgia Development Fund closed its 1961 campaign with a total of $290,551, according to the final report made by Philip Alston, Jr. and John C. Staton, general chairmen. This is the broadest support from business and industry in the Fund's six-year history. A total of 190 new firms contributed in 1961, which has put corporate support of Tech and Georgia on a firmer foundation and helped the Fund to reach an all-time high in the amount raised. The Joint Fund functions specifically to solicit corporations to join with the alumni in the supplementation of professors' salaries at the two schools. Chairman Alston explained: "To meet these needs each year the Fund has had two aims: first, to secure continuing support on an annual basis from those firms that already contribute, a n d ' second, to broaden the base of support and add new firms. Splendid progress toward both of these goals was made this year." Charles R. Yates, '35, vice president in charge of finance of the Atlantic Coast Line and Louisville and Nashville Railroads, and Charles S. Motz, agent for the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Co., have been named 1962 General Chairmen of the Joint Fund. Announcement of these appointments
was made by Inman Brandon and William C. Wardlaw, presidents respectively of the University of Georgia and Georgia Tech Foundations. Yates and Motz have succeeded John C. Staton, '24, vice president in charge of manufacturing of The Coca-Cola Company, and Philip H. Alston, Jr., member of the law firm of Alston, Sibley, Miller, Spann and Shackelford, whose, tenure as 1961 general chairmen expired on December 31. The Joint Fund now has campaign committees in 28 Georgia cities, through which, during 1961, 130 Tech and Georgia alumni served as volunteers and personally solicited firms for annual contributions. By 1965, the Fund hopes to be raising half a million dollars annually. Yates is a native of Atlanta, a trustee of the Georgia Tech Foundation and past president of Georgia Tech National Alumni Association. Motz was born in Roswell and reared in Atlanta. He received his B.A. degree in 1937 from the University of Georgia, where he won Dean's List honors. He is a Trustee of the University of Georgia Foundation and is a director of the American Heart Association. Brilliant Tech Alumnus Bradley honored
BECAUSE of the admiration and affection a young Georgia Tech graduate inspired in follow students at MIT, the new Tech Classroom Building is richer by a famous picture and two handsome wall sconces. The picture, a print of Corot's "Bridge of Narni" and two wooden sconces, were dedicated in the Classroom Building lounge December 3 to the memory of Neal Bradley, '58, one of the school's outstanding graduates. Bradley died December 20, 1959 from a heart condition while working for his doctorate degree at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was 23. Dr. Marvin Sledd, head of Tech's math department, officially received the picture and sconces at a ceremony attended by Bradley's parents, other relatives, members of the faculty and some students. He reviewed the young man's career calling him "probably the best mathematician in the history of Tech." Bradley won two fellowships upon his graduation from Tech. He accepted the National Science Foundation award, which enabled him to study at MIT. An accomplished violinist, the young man was also an active member of the Decatur Baptist Church and taught two sessions at Tech. The M I T students who gave the picture and sconces in his memory were Winthrop Smith, Arthur Higinbotham, Gary Price and Michael Vaughn.
Business School student to receive before graduation. The fifteen Baker Scholars were chosen on the basis of a straight averaging of their seven course grades, and represent the academic top two and a half per cent of the Class of 1962. Durstine is one of 23 Tech graduates now attending Harvard Business School. The others are Warren L. Batts, ' 6 1 ; James O. Collins, '56; Joseph E. Dennis, Jr., '52; William D . Ellis, ' 6 1 ; Robert W. Greene, III, ' 6 1 ; Ralph W. Johnson, '54; Robert G. Marbut, '58; William R. T. Oakes, Jr.. '59; Jonathan E. Parker, '60; Walter R. Pettiss, '61; John C. Summers, Jr., '58; Roger F . Weber, '54; Lonis T. Wells, '60; Freddie H. Wood, Jr., '53; Arnold Berlin, '60; Charles K. Cobb, Jr., '56; Robert G. Hill, '58; Garnett L. Keith, Jr., '57; Richard G. Rosselot, '56; John E. Smith, II, '58; Michael E. Tennebaum, '58; and James K. Williams, '56. Tech Alumni trip to Europe set for May
I F YOU HURRY there is still time to sign up for the Alumni Association â€” chartered plane trip to Europe scheduled for May of 1962. Over 60 alumni and wives have already made arrangements to go on the trip which leaves Atlanta for Rome on May 4. The return flight leaves London for Atlanta on May 26. Round trip air fare is only $298 per person and land trip arrangements for the three-week period are available at $400 per person. For details and application blanks, write Tom Hall, associate secretary, Georgia Tech Alumni Association, Atlanta 13. Wives missing diplomas says Griffin T H E FOLLOWING
Tech graduate makes top record at Harvard JOHN WARREN
M E '52, son of
Mr. and Mrs. John Elliott Durstine, 111 West Hawthorne, Birmingham, Alabama, has been named one of fifteen Baker Scholars at the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration. This is the highest scholastic honor it is possible for a Harvard
WIVES of Tech
haven't picked up their wives' diplomas and George can't locate them to send the scrolls forward: Glenna S. Brown, Elizabeth Harrold Dunlap, Doris Dale Floyd, Nina Virginia Golden, Betty Joan Hagnie, Brenda Stowe Hogg, Brenda Smith Holland, Diane Pittman Haidlam, Frances Shouse Lewis, Lee Catherine McCullough, Joy Pickler Moss, Walita Ann Olson, Eldri S. Paulk, Henle Smith Pirkle, Bertha Petty Prince, Winifred H. Sayers, Jacquolyn Taylor Sims, Carolyn Oetjen Smith, Martha Earle Smith, Mary Eleanor Taylor, Martha Jean Thompson, Mary Karolyn Thomas, Jere Mac Connor Ward, Eileen C. Ward, Mrs. David K. Williams, Fowler Ann Williams, Martha Joan Williams, Mary Jane Wilson, and Elizabeth Allen Wright. To get your Mistress of Patience diploma, please contact George Griffin, Dean of Students, Georgia Tech, Atlanta 13, Georgia.
O H I O â€” N o serious injuries re-
sulted from a recent joint meeting of the Tech and Auburn Clubs of Cincinnati. Over 40 turned out to hear Dr. Arnold Ducoffe of Tech's A E School present a highly informative talk on military and space appliMore news on page 24
How many of his dreams do you share?
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NORTHROP AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
CLUBS-confinuec. cations of rockets. Following the talk, the Auburn Club gloomily presented the TechAuburn football film. James W. Petty, president of the Tech Club, announced that its next meeting will be held in April. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA—The Georgia Tech Club of Jacksonville sponsored a special pep rally and cocktail party on December 29 at the Hotel Robert Meyer, headquarters for the Tech Gator Bowl party. The ballroom was packed with Tech alumni from Jacksonville and visiting alumni in town for the big game. Members of the Tech official party were special guests at the rally. The Tech band came close to blowing down the walls with the Ramblin' Reck and both President Harrison and Coach Dodd presented short messages to the alumni. Special entertainment was furnished by the Tech glee club. NASHVILLE,
Harrison spoke on the "Future of Tech" to over 70 alumni and wives at the December 13 meeting of the Nashville Georgia Tech Club. President George Hicks presided at the dinner meeting. The club is in the process of revising its mailing list. Alumni in middle Tennessee may get on the list by writing W. B. Rogers, secretary, 2936 Windemere Court, Nashville 14.
& Company and Spratlin, Harrington, Inc., insurance, mortgage and real estate companies. He had served as president of the Georgia Tech Alumni Association and served for a number of years on the Georgia Tech Foundation board. He had been made trustee emeritus just prior to his death. Mrs. Spratlin lives at 2943 Habersham Road, N.W., Atlanta, Georgia. ' 0 0 Robert Carson Hamlett, retired Army " • • Colonel, died November 15 in Miami, Florida. A former resident of Birmingham, Alabama, he had moved to Florida for his health and was associated with the Abbott Realty Company at the time of his death. His widow lives at 1980 N W 36th Avenue, Miami 35, Florida. Chandler Harrison "Harry" Stevens, EE, died October 12, 1961. He was manager of sales, Bridge Division, with John A. Roebling Sons. Mr. Stevens is survived by his widow, who lives at 2004 Makefield Road, Yardley, Pennsylvania, and a son, C. H. Stevens, Jr., '56, of Bedford, Massachusetts. Albert M. Tinsley, Sr., X-ray technician for the Georgia Tech Infirmary, died December 25 in an Atlanta hospital. He had been with the Infirmary for over 20 years. Mrs. Tinsley lives at 1062 North Highland Avenue, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia.
' O Q James M. Jones, Jr., EE, ME, is the ^ ° recipient of U.S. Patent # 2,988,914, assigned to Texaco, Inc., covering improvements in continuously recording viscosimeter. He is Chief Instrument Engineer with Texaco in Houston, Texas. ' O A Edgar R. Blount, TE, has been pro* » " moted to coordinator of development for the nylon, acetate and rayon plans of Celanese Mexicana, S.A. He will continue to reside in Zacapu, Michoacan, Mexico. G. I. Teasley, ME, has been elected President of the Uptown Optimist Club of Knoxville. His address is 204 Bona Road, Knoxville, Tennessee. ' 0 0 Daniel E. Hendricks, Jr., AH. has * * ~ been named manager of Shell Oil Company's new liquefied petroleum gas sales department. He has been with the company since 1933. Mr. Hendricks lives at 7 Stonybrook Road, Darien, Connecticut. ' 0 0 Joseph E. Mailhos, ME, has ***» promoted to the newly created tion of Assistant Manager, Pulp and Manufacturing, with Hudson Pulp Paper Corporation. He lives at 1514 Street, Palatka, Florida.
been posiPaper and High
' O C Colonel Carl C. Saal, USAR. CE, *»** has completed the associate course at The Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He is assigned to the 435th Transportation Command in Washington, D. C. He is Chief, Division of Traffic Operations, Office of Research, Bureau of Public Roads, Washington, D. C.
' 0 0 Emory D. Hall, CE, died December *•** 31 in Hamlet, North Carolina. He had been an engineer with Robert and Company in Atlanta prior to his retirement in June, 1961. He moved to Hamlet in November. Mr. Hall is survived by his widow and one daughter. Charles Rowland Stenhouse died November 24 at his home. He was general traffic engineer for Southern Bell and had been with the company for 40 years. His widow lives at 2520 Park Lane Court, North, Birmingham, Alabama.
» 0 C Ralph B. Cole, Jr., ChE, has been ^ ^ named assistant manager of the Treasury Division with DuPont in Wilmington, Delaware.
'OA William Goldsmith, Jr., died in De~ ~ cember after a brief illness. He was treasurer of the William Goldsmith Company, Insurance and Real Estate, Greenville, South Carolina.
' O T Colonel Raymond Shepley, USAR, ** ' ME, has completed the senior officer advanced operations course at The Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. ' 0 0 Robert S. Holmes, CE, is now man* » " ager-construction marketing, with U. S. Steel in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Prior to this promotion, he held a position in highway construction with the company. His home address is 407 Fox Drive. Pittsburgh 37, Pennsylvania.
Willard Newson, ME, died at his * * ' home, 1423 Forest Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama, October 27. He retired several years ago from the Alabama Machinery & Supply Company. His widow lives at the above address.
' O C Howard W. Fisch, Sr., Com., died ™ " November 28. He was president of the Highland Bakery, Inc. in Atlanta. His widow lives at 3170 Arden Road, N.W., Atlanta, Georgia. C. Ort Jenkins, general manager of Sears Roebuck Company in Atlanta, has been named Boss of the Year-1962, by the Atlanta Chapter of the National Secretary Association. He received the Boss of the Year award 15 years ago while serving with Sears in Greenville, South Carolina. Edward Taylor Newton, EE, Atlanta attorney, has been elected to the Board of American Patent Law Association. His business address is 1532 Candler Building, Atlanta 3, Georgia.
' f l f i Frank Martin Spratlin, prominent " " Atlanta businessman and civic leader, died December 14 in an Atlanta hospital. He was co-founder of Spratlin, Harrington
' O T / . C. Garber, Jr., of Jackson, Missis" ' sippi, died November 30, 1961. N o further information was available at this writing.
N E W YORK, N E W YORK—Featured speaker at the December 7 meeting of the New York Georgia Tech Club was President Edwin D. Harrison. Over 100 club members turned out to hear the president and Coach Tonto Coleman talk about today's Georgia Tech. New officers of the club are Sid Goldin, president; Bill Stein, vice president; Hal Freedman, secretary-treasurer; and Herb Voss, assistant secretary-treasurer. NORFOLK, VIRGINIA—The Tidewater Georgia Tech Club held a special Gator Bowl smoker on December 30. The smoker was attended by over 25 alumni who had lunch and then watched the Gator Bowl game on television.
' O Q Colonel William Scandrett, USA, EE, *»*» has been presented a Certificate of Achievement for his work in the Office of the Chief of Research and Development, Department of the Army. He is now Commanding Officer, U. S. Army Signal Brigade, Europe. ' A H Ben Gaston Cole, ChE, died unex*" pectedly November 10 at his home in Candler, North Carolina. He had retired last year from Beaunet Mills in Childersburg, Alabama where he was assistant plant More news on 26
Chemistry paints a bright future for your car Forget about burning sun and foul weather. The finish on new cars is as tough as it is beautiful. Chemicals developed through research at Union Carbide have played an important part in achieving smooth, hard mirrorbright coatings that last for years. Chemicals and plastics have also caused a revolution in other types of paints and finishes in recent years. The result? Water-base latex paints that beautify your homeâ€”and dry in minutesâ€”have turned a time-consuming chore into a simple job for any homeowner. Special solvents assure the uniform surface required in the finishing of fine furniture. And many new chemical materials are going into coatings to safeguard industrial equipment from moisture and corrosive fumes . . . and to protect ships from the ravages of salt water. This is an example of a vital industry that has forged ahead because of the kind of chemical research that goes on at Union Carbide. Looking to the future, the people of Union Carbide are continuing their efforts to bring forth new and better materials for everyday living. See the "Atomic Energy in Action" Exhibit nt the new Union Carbide Building in New York.
Learn about the work going on now in chemicals, carbons,gases, metals, nuclear energy, and plastics. Write for "The Exciting Universe of Union Carbide" Booklet Y-50, Union Carbide Corporation, 270 Park Avenue, New York 17, N. Y. In Canada, Union Carbide Canada Limited, Toronto.
UNION CARBIDE . . . a. h a n d in things to c o m e
tJdcesfnfljeHews Dr. John W. Clegg, '37, has been elected to the board of directors of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Dr. Clegg is manager of the Department of Chemical Engineering at Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio.
E. D. Ermenc, '42, has been appointed director of r e s e a r c h for t h e Philip Carey Manufacturing Company of Cincinnati, Ohio. Before joining Carey, Ermenc was director of engineering at the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation in Madison, Wis. J. Riley Fulmer, Jr., '42, has just completed a year's term as Governor of the Pennsylvania District of Kiwanis International. Fulmer, who is currently general manager of the Clearfield (Pa.) Electric Cooperative, attended 100 meetings and conventions during his term of office. / . Cooper Shackelford, '42, has been elected president of the PotterShackelford Construction Co. of Greenville, S. C. He succeeds his father, F. L. Shackelford, '14, one of the founders of the firm, who will continue to serve as chairman of the Board. Frank A. Alexander, Jr., '43, has been named assistant general manager of the Rust Furnace Co. of Pittsburgh, Pa. The position is a newly created one for the company. Alexander has been with this industrial furnace compapy since 1 9 5 1 as a p r o j e c t engineer. ..-. Sylvian H. Kernaghan, '43, has been named technical superintendent of a new $6 million chemical plant to be built by Goodyear International C o r p . at Le Havre, France. He joined Goodyear in 1943 as a trainee 'nd has been on the fore.gn projects staff since 1959.
NEWS BY CLASSES-con./nuecf manager. Mr. Cole served in World War II and was a lieutenant colonel in the U. S. Air Force Reserve. His parents live on Queen Road, Candler, North Carolina. M1
Walton E. Bedinger, Jr., CE, is president of Hobe Engineering Company, Sioux City, Iowa. He joined Holtz Construction Company in 1947 and became affiliated with the subsidiary company when it was formed several years later. ' i l O Robert S. Brinson, EE, has been apHfc pointed area plant supervisor of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company's long lines department in Kansas City, Missouri. Richard G. Glover, ChE, has been appointed director of sales services for Monsanto Chemical Company's Inorganic Chemicals Division in St. Louis, Missouri. Joe S. Hornston, ChE, recently took over the ownership and operation of the Hapeville (Georgia) Mary Carter Paint Store. His store also carries a major floor covering line. Dr. Kurt E. Shuler, ChE, has joined the Institute for Defense Analysis, Washington, D. C. as Special Assistant to the Director of Research. » J C /• Frank Willett, EE, completed the " v Program for Management Development at the Harvard Business School in December. Upon completion of this program, Mr. Willett was transferred by Westinghouse Electric to their home office in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Oswald Newell, Jr., ChE, has been promoted to superintendent of Continental Oil Company's Denver (Colorado) refinery. Robert Lee Walker, ME, is now vice president and general manager of the Reed Roller Bit Company in Houston. His address is P. O. Box 2119, Houston, Texas.
M Q B- F- Smith, ChE, has ^ 0 to the new position of field research with Texaco, Arthur, Texas. He lives at Groves, Texas.
been assigned supervisor of Inc. at Port 3147 Allison,
f J Q Major Thomas W. Connolly, USA, " 3 ChE, has completed the associate course at The Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He is assigned to the Korean Military Advisory Group. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Martin B. Goodman, CE, a daughter, Dayle Susan, September 21. Mr. Martin has recently been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Commander in the U. S. Naval Reserves. They live at 800 N.E. 154th Street, Miami 62, Florida. S. Carl Kingrey has been named district manager of Cupples Products Division of Alcoa. His business address is Suite 201, 925 East Maple Road, Birmingham, Michigan. Harold W. Nance, IE, is co-author of a
book entitled Master Standard Data: The Economic Approach to Work Measurement. He is vice president and member of the Executive Staff of Serge A. Birn Company in Louisville, Kentucky. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Ira G. Ross, IM, TE, a son, Keith David, November 2. Mr. Ross is an industrial engineer with Windsor Knit Company. They live at 2318 Roosevelt Boulevard, Winchester, Virginia. Lt. Colonel Harwell L. Boyd. Jr., USAF, IE, has been awarded the Air Force Commendation Medal for meritorious service in connection with the development of the Titan intercontinental ballistic missile. He is Chief, Plans and Programs Branch, Titan System Program Directorate, Ballistic Missile Division, Air Force Systems Command in Los Angeles, California. Major Gerald C. Sola, Jr., USA, IM, recently participated in Exercise Brandywine in Germany. He is personnel management officer of V Corps Headquarters.
Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Jack E. Andrews, Jr., IM, a son, Jack, III. Mr. Andrews is a stock broker with Lester, Ryons and Company. They live at 2807 St. James Place, Altadena, California. Lloyd G. Bordelon, IE, is sales application engineer with the Liquid Carbonic Company, Division of General Dynamics Corporation in New Orleans. He lives at 6368 Pandora Street, New Orleans 26, Louisiana. R. S. Duggan, EE, has been promoted to Design Group Engineer in the Electronics Systems Division at Lockheed in Marietta, Georgia. Ronald L. Geer, ME, is in charge of mechanical engineering for deep water offshore operations for Shell Oil Company. His mailing address is P. O. Box 193, New Orleans 3, Louisiana. Ardin G. Hartman, IM, has recently returned to full time service in the consulting firm of Midsouth Management Engineering Associates. The firm, founded by Mr. Hartman, serves small and middle-size manufacturers. His address is 2845 17th Avenue, Columbus, Georgia. George Nalesnik, IE, has been named assistant general manager of the Kearfott Microwave Division of General Precision, Inc. in Van Nuys, California.
> C Q S. B. Spradley, ME, is a consulting J O petroleum engineer for Allied Operating Company. He lives at 3049 Lakewood Drive, Jackson, Mississippi. »Cyl Marshall Cantrell, IM, has been J " elected to a three year term as City Councilman of Eau Gallie, Florida. He operates a public accounting practice in Eau Gallie. Married: Gladstone A. Teasley, ME, to Miss Shirley Stoltenberg, August 5 in Davenport, Iowa. Russell D. Leverette, IM, passed the Georgia bar examination in December. Russ is with the New Riverside Ochre Company in Cartersville, Georgia.
i r r Married: Michael Cady, Chem., to w w Miss Bonnie Tindall, December 30. Mr. Cady is president of Pet Village, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia. Professor Julian D. Fleming, C h E , assistant professor of Chemical Engineering, is the author of a technical paper which appeared in the December, 1961 American Ceramic Society Bulletin entitled "Slip Casting of Fused Silica." He is also a research engineer and project director at the Georgia Tech Engineering Experiment Station. James H. Newton, EE, is now with NASA in Huntsville, Alabama. His home address is 932 Valley Road Place, Birmingham 8. Alabama. Born t o : Mr. and Mrs. W. Leroy Williams. ME, a daughter, Stacy Neal, March 3, 1961. Mr. Williams has been transferred by Humble Oil in Baton Rouge to New York City. They live at 17 Crane Court, Middleton, New Jersey.
ham, Massachusetts. Morton M. Gruber received his masters degree in architecture this past fall. He lives at 1904 Lenox Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. William P. Killian, ChE, a son, Michael Alan, October 21. They live at 576 South 7th West, Brigham City, Utah. Eugene C. Knox, AE, is now with ARA, Inc., Arnold Engineering Development Center, Arnold Air Force Station, Tennessee. He is an engineer in the Gas Dynamics Division. Mr. Knox lives at 1205 Woodland Street, Tullahoma, Tennessee. Married: Samuel Wall Van Leer, CE, to Miss Mary Alice Van Kirk, December 22 in Atlanta. They live at 720 East Wesley Road, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia. William F. Williams, ChE, is a process engineer in the Mill Technical Department of Union Bag-Camp Paper Company in Savannah. He lives at apartment 68-B, Lamara Apartments, Savannah, Georgia.
AE, a daughter, Karen Jill, November 10. They live at 5600 South Bannock, Littleton, Colorado. Lt. Richard D. Gillem, USA, IM, recently participated in a field training exercise in West Berlin's Grunewald Forest. He is executive officer of the 3rd Battle Group's Company B. Charles S. Johnson, Jr., Chem., recently received his doctor of philosophy degree in chemistry from MIT. Married: Sanford Gyron Middleton, I M , to Miss Anita Paris, December 30 in Atlanta. Mr. Middleton is attending graduate school at Georgia Tech. Paiif-Vickers, ME, has completed the Graduate Training Course at Allis Chalmers and is assigned as a sales representative in the Atlanta (Georgia) district office.
* E Q Major Edwin W. Basham, USA, EE, U w has completed the associate course at The Army Command and General Staff James W. Benson, IM, is now a junCollege at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He ior accountant with E. E. Franck, is assigned to the 56th Artillery Group in CPA. His new address is 302 E. Highland ' E Q Married: Malcolm Clyde Allen, ME, Germany. Ave.. Kinston, North Carolina. w O to Miss Willa McCalla. The wedding Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth M. CarWilliam E. Lee, Jr., EE, has been protook place January 6. ter, IM, a son, Steven Lewis, November 24. moted to the rank of Captain in the Army Charles L. Aydlett, IE, is manufacturing Mr. Carter is an industrial engineer with Engineers. He is now serving as project offiadministration specialist in the Large Jet Deering Milliken Service Corporation. They cer for Site B of the Titan ICBM base conEngine Department at General Electric in live at 103-2 Crystal Springs, Spartanburg, struction project at Mountain Home AFB, Evendale, Ohio. He lives at 2612 North South Carolina. Idaho. Kathwood Circle, Cincinnati 36, Ohio. Lt. William L. Clark, 111, USAF, I E , is Married: Wendell M. Williams, Jr., ME. Dr. Glenn A. Burdick, Phys, received his now base engineer with the 4004th Air Base to Miss Mary C. Linville, August 26. Mr. doctor of philosophy degree in physics from Squadron, Matagorda B. G. Range, Port Williams is teaching at Ohio State, ColumMIT this past fall. O'Conner, Texas. bus, Ohio. Bobby E. Cox, CE, is a design engineer Lt. John F. Geiger, USA, has completed for Offshore structures for Shell Oil Comthe demolition and mine warfare supervisor a 1EH l'" Charak, M E , has joined Interpany. His mailing address is P. O. Box 193, course at The European Engineer Ordnance U / nuclear Company, a subsidiary of New Orleans 3, Louisiana. School in Germany. Petrolite Corporation, in St. Louis, Missouri. T. J. Elrod, Jr. was married to Martha Lt. Martin E. Goode, 111, USA, IE, has Married: Albert W. Degenaan, IE, to Anne Clarke on November 18 in Atlanta. completed the officer orientation course at Miss Judith Engley, September 9. Mr. DegMr. Elrod is with Delta Airlines in Atlanta, The Chemical Corps School, Fort McClelenaan is with Magnavox Corporation. They Georgia. lan, Alabama. live at 704 Ridge Street, Morristown, TenCaptain William A. Fowler, USA, has Army Specialist IV Clements L. Harper, nessee. been assigned to the 372nd Military IntelliIII, IM, is a member of the 531st Military Robert S. Feigelson, Cere, recently regence Detachment at Fort George G. Intelligence Platoon and is assigned to the ceived his masters degree in ceramics from Meade, Maryland. 525th Group at Fort George Meade. MIT. He lives at 35 Bishop Drive, FramingBorn to: Mr. and Mrs. Robert Friedman, Mora news on page 2 8
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Jacesinwf(tm Wallace Jernigan, '46, has been named executive secretary to Georgia Governor Ernest Vandiver, effective December 15. Jernigan had served as a state senator for two years and was a representative from Clinch County when he resigned to become the Governor's aide. Claybourn B. Rhinehart, '51, headed the engineering team that developed the radically new aircraft tire capable of handling the tremendous heat, loads, and speed of Mach 3 aircraft (including the proposed B-70). The 18-month project was carried out for B. F. Goodrich. Richard W. Tannehill, '51, has been named to the plastic construction materials sales development staff of B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co., Cleveland, Ohio. He joined the company in 1951 as a junior technical man and was general foreman at the Akron plant. W. Wayne Saterbak, '55, has been appointed a contracting engineer by the Chicago Bridge & Iron Co. Saterbak has been with the company since 1955 when he was named a design engineer. Before this promotion he was a field and shop engineer for CB & I. Robert E. Jenkins, '57, has been appointed staff engineer, Terrain Avoidance Subsystem Engineering, at the IBM FSD Space Guidance Center, Owego, New York. He joined the company in 1959 as an associate engineer and was named senicr associate engineer "in 1961. Thomas M. Mitchell, '60, former assistant plant manager of the Columbia division of Stone Manufacturing has been promoted to plant manager of Stone's North, S. C. division. He joined the textile company as an executive trainee in 1960.
NEWS BY CLASSES-confinued Lt. John R. Howard, Jr., USAF, CE, has had his tour of duty extended until June of 1963. He is working on his masters degree at the University of Alaska in Engineering Management. John's address is 5241 H Broadway, A P O 937, Seattle, Washington. Lt. Richard P. Kendrick, USA, IM, recently participated in a phase of field training Exercise Peacemakerâ€”Autumn Shield, in Germany. He is ammunition-storage officer with the 24th Infantry and 4th Armored Divisions in Heilbronn, Germany. James H. Kraft, ME, has completed requirements for his masters degree at Rensselaer,Polytechnic Institute under the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory educational program. He is an engineer at General Electric's Knolls Lab in Schenectady, New York. James T. Lee, Jr., AE, received his masters degree in aeronautics and astronautics from MIT this past fall. Lt. Charles K. Ligon, Jr., USAF, IE, is serving as a management analysis officer at Sewart AFB. His address is P. O. Box 1413, Headquarters Squadron 839th Air Base Group, Sewart AFB, Tennessee. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Mort Metersky, AE, a daughter, Helana Beth, December 14. George E. Miller, AE, received his masters in engineering from Princeton and is now a research assistant in the field of lowspeed aircraft at Princeton. He lives at 241 Sunset Avenue, Hightstown, New Jersey. Engaged: Arnold Sanford Perlman, ME, to Miss Eileen Little. Mr. Perlman is attending UCLA and is employed by North American Autonetic^ in Downey, California. Lt. Thomas L. Smith, Jr., USN, ME, was killed in a plane crash November 27 in Japan. He stayed in the stricken jet to keep it from crashing into a populated area near Tokyo. Investigations indicated he could have parachuted at a safe altitude over a populated area. Lt. Smith was named outstanding senior in Kappa Sigma Fraternity at Tech in 1959. His parents live at 703 Shotwell Street, Bainbridge, Georgia. Engaged: Donald Richard Welsher, IE, to Miss Arlene Joan Garrett. The wedding will take place June 16. Mr. Welsher is Administrative Manager of Division G. of Loral Electronics Corporation. He lives at 1006 Gerard Avenue, New York 52, New York.
Pvt Fred J Aaron
U S A IE has
O U completed the communications center operation course at the Army Signal Training Center at Fort Gordon, Georgia. Sam T. Burt, Jr., EE, recently completed the requirements for his masters degree in Electrical Engineering. He is an associate engineer in the Surface Armament Division at Sperry Gyroscope in Great Neck, L.I., New York. Lt. Robert W. Bush, USAF, ChE, has been assigned to Orlando (Florida) AFB following graduation from the U. S. Air Force technical training course for electronic warfare officers at Keesler AFB, Mississippi. Lt. Robert W. Caldwell, USA, TE, re-
cently participated in a field training exercise in Germany. He is a platoon leader in Company D of the 8th Infantry Division's 16th Infantry in Baumholder, Germany. Mack W. Dowdy, ME, received his masters degree from Ohio State in December. Married: Stephen R. Grayson, IE, to Miss Elaine Smith. Mr. Grayson is a Patent Examiner with the U. S. Patent Office in Washington, D. C. He is working on his LLB at George Washington University. They live at 4818 Chevy Chase Drive, Chevy Chase 15, Maryland. Engaged: Charles William McGuirt, AE, to Miss Emily Dorroh Parker. Mr. McGuirt is an instructor in the Aeronautical Engineering School at Georgia Tech. Born to: Lt. and Mrs. Daniel D. Montroy, USAR, IM, a daughter, Teresa Ann, November 1. They live at 3542-A Baker Road, Fort McClellan, Alabama. Les Morgenstern, Phys, is manager of Diode Process and Device Development with Motorolo Semiconductor. He lives at 621 N. 30th Place, Phoenix, Arizona. Married: Lawrence Wood Robert, IV, IE, to Miss Patricia Harrison, December 30. They live at 11 E. Wesley Road, Atlanta, Georgia. Born to: Lt. and Mrs. Kenneth Travis, AE, a son, David Robert, December 4. Lt. Travis is assigned to the Army Ordnance Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal. They live at 231-D Niblo Drive, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. 'C1 Engaged: Richard Allen Avner-, 01 Psych., to Miss Elaine Sweital. Mr. Avner is a research assistant at the University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois. Lt. Irvin O. Berkhan, Jr., USA, EE, recently completed the basic officer orientation course at the Army Signal Training Center, Fort Gordon, Georgia. Lt. William T. Blackerby, USA, AE, has completed the officer orientation course at the Air Defense School, Fort Bliss, Texas. Lt. Ronald M. Bowman, USA, ChE, has completed the officer orientation course at the Chemical Corps School, Fort McClellan, Alabama. A3/c Stephen R. Brenner, USAF, IM, recently graduated from the U. S. Air Force technical training course for electricians at Sheppard AFB, Texas and is now stationed at Homestead AFB, Florida. Lt. George R. Calcott, Jr., USA, recently arrived in Germany and is now assigned to the 299th Engineer Battalion. He is a platoon leader in the battalion's Company B in Hochst, Germany. Married: Lt. Edward Lawrence Chambless, USMC, IM, to Miss Helen Barbara Carpenter, October 14. Lt. Chambless is now in flight training at Whiting Field. They live at 30 Whiting Lane, Milton, Florida. Lt. Lester D. Dozer, USAF, ME, has been assigned to Fuchu Air Station, Japan, following graduation from the U. S. Air Force technical training course for communications officers at Keesler AFB. Married: / . Owen Forrester, IM, to Miss Lucy Schow, December 29. Mr. Forrester More news on p a g e 3 0
T H E S E 3 VITAL STEPS bring you the world's best telephone service 1•RESEARCH The telephone was born of research and grows ever more useful the same way. Bell Telephone Laboratories conducts a far-reaching research and development program—most of it in communications, but much of it devoted to defense. Basic Bell inventions such as the Transistor and the Solar Battery have benefited man in many ways. And constant development of new equipment is revolutionizing telephony. But research alone doesn't bring service improvements and economies.
2•MANUFACTURE Research-created equipment must be manufactured, held to high standards at low cost, and made available anywhere in the nation. That's Western Electric's job. Working closely with Bell Laboratories, Western Electric makes the vast amounts of high-quality equipment required for the telephone network. But the task still remains of putting this research and equipment to work —so they can make daily living easier and more pleasant for you and your family.
3 • OPERATION Here, t w e n t y o n e Bell Telephone Companies step in. They take the results of Bell Laboratories research and Western Electric production and bring them to useful life on your bedside table or kitchen wall or office desk.. All three—research, manufacture, operation—are interdependent and indispensable. Working as a team with a common goal, they give this country the world's finest telephone service and more telephones than all other countries combined!
BELL T E L E P H O N E S Y S T E M Owned by more than two million Americans
how much do you know about MITRE?
Much of M I T R E ' S work is on the fringes of a new technology — and a great deal of it is highly classified. It is not surprising then that many young scientists and engineers have only a vague idea of what M I T R E does. MITRE's prime mission is to design, develop, and help put into operation global command and control systems that give our military commanders extra time for decision and action in case of enemy attack. Typical systems are SAGE, NORAD, MIDAS, BMEWS, and SPACE TRACK. M I T R E assists the Air Force in its systems management responsibility by engaging in systems planning and engineering, including feasibility studies, cost studies, operations research, testing and evaluation and preliminary system design.
At M I T R E you would become identified with projects of the utmost national urgency — projects that offer a real challenge to the talented scientist. The rewards are great. Salary and benefit plans are competitive. M I T R E offers an excellent Educational Assistance program that gives every encouragement to employees who wish to continue their academic interests. (At the present time, M I T R E employees are attending 15 different institutions, including M.I.T., Harvard, Northeastern University, and Boston University.) At M I T R E you will live and work in pleasant suburban Boston. (Assignments are also being made at facilities in Montgomery, Ala. ; Fort Walton Beach, Fla.; Colorado Springs, Colo.; and Washington, D.C.)
Appointments are now being made in the following areas: • • • • • •
Operations Research Communications Human Factors System Cost Analysis Econometrics Radar Systems and Techniques
• System Analysis • Advanced System Design • Computer Technology • Mathematics • S i r Traffic Control System Development
• Antenna Design Microwave Components • Space Systems Command and Control • Space Surveillance
Watch your college newspaper for dates when MITRE will interview on your campus, or, write in confidence to Vice President, Technical Operations, The MITRE Corporation, Post Office Box 208, DeptGTA2, Bedford, Mass. THEI
\ . 30
Formed under the sponsorship of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and now serving as Technical Advisor to the United States Air Force Electronic Systems Division. An Equal Opportunity Employer
NEWS BY CLASSES-confinued is with the Trust Company of Georgia in Atlanta. A2/c Curtis F. Franklin, USAF, IM, has been assigned to the 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing at Dreux Air Base, France. Lt. Lloyd E. Gottman, USA, IM, has completed the field artillery officer orientation course at the Artillery and Missile School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Lt. Stephen O. Handtey, ME, has completed the officer orientation course at The Air Defense School, Fort Bliss, Texas. Lt. George P. Hellhake, USAF, IE, is Project Engineer with the C-141/Materials Handling Support System at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. He lives at 361 Omard Drive, Xenia, Ohio. Lt. Jesse R. Home, USA, IM, has completed the ranger course at the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Jesse S. Howell, TE, a daughter, Valerie Elaine, November 17. They live at 886 Durant Place. N.E., Atlanta, Georgia. Mr. Howell is with American Viscose in Atlanta. Lt. Marvin M. Kilgo, Jr., BC, has completed the chemical-biological-radiological course at The Chemical School, Fort McClellan, Alabama. Lt. Richard S. Lawrence, USA, IM. has completed the officer orientation course at The Chemical Corps School, Fort McClellan, Alabama. Lt. Warren J. Locke, USA, ChE. has completed the officer orientation course at The Chemical Corps School, Fort McClellan, Alabama. Lt. Glen S. Parsons, EE, recently graduated from the signal officer orientation course at the Army Signal Training Center, Fort Gordon, Georgia. Engaged: Randy Wright Pirkle, IE, to Miss Phyllis Lougene Sudderth. Mr. Pirkle is attending graduate school at Georgia Tech and is employed by Lockheed Aircraft. Lt. Jerry D. Rooks, Jr., USA, IM, has completed the demolition and mine warfare supervisor course at The European Engineer-Ordnance School in Murnau, Germany. Lt. William E. Sullivan, USA, IE. has completed the officer orientation course at The Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia. Lt. Edmund N. Summers, USA, IE, has completed the officer rotary-wing aviator course at The Primary Helicopter School, Camp Walters, Texas. Born to: Mr. and Mrs. Forrest Travis, ME, a son, Mark Forrest. They live at 1271 Ingleside Avenue, lacksonville 5, Florida. Lt. John C. Walker, USA, IE, has been assigned to the Army Chemical Center, Maryland. Married: Lt. John M. Ware, USA. to Miss Susan Winbigler, August 22. He is stationed at Fort Campbell, Kentucky with the 937th Engineer Group. Major Dan H. Williamson, Jr., USA, MS, has completed the associate course at The Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He is assigned to the U. S. Army Armor Board at Fort Knox, Kentucky.
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