Rochester Engineering Society Magazine December 2019

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December 2019 Introducing L3Harris Technologies: Built on more than a century of innovation | 16

L3Harris Technologies has more than a century of technology and communications leadership

Also in this issue:

Seeking Volunteer Mentors for "2019" Science Fair" at Dr. Walter Cooper Academy - 9 RES Call for Nominations for 2019 Engineer of the Year, Young Engineer of the Year and Engineers of Distinction - - Preliminary Nominations due Monday, Dec. 9th - 4 Feature Article: Reimagining Additive Manufacturing of Carbon Composite Lattice Structures - 19

Introducing L3Harris Technologies: Built on more than a century of innovation

The Rochester Engineer Published since 1922 by


Founded March 18, 1897

Volume 98, Number 6, DECEMBER 2019 (Electronic Only Copy) 2,500+ Monthly Circulation (Quarterly Hard Copies, 11 issues electronically) ISSN 0035-7405

RES Mission Statement: The RES will become the lead organization for improving the image and influence of the engineering community in the greater Rochester area by: Demonstrating a comprehensive knowledge of the region’s engineering and technical capabilities; Providing the best clerical support and public relations assistance to our affiliates; Continually communicating the engineering and technical accomplishments to both the engineering and technical community and the public; Providing regular forums and networking opportunities for the exchange of ideas and discussion of issues; and, Providing programs that identify career opportunities to the region’s youth and develop the skills of the practicing engineer. News items and articles are invited. Materials should be submitted to the administrative director at the society’s office, 657 East Avenue, Rochester, New York 14607; Phone number (585) 254-2350, e-mail:

The web site for the Engineers’ Center is at: The deadline is the 10th day of the month prior to the issue. Unless otherwise stated, opinions expressed in this publication are those of contributors, not of the Rochester Engineering Society, Inc. Advertising information may be obtained by contacting the office of the Rochester Engineering Society or going to the website at Published every month but July. Yearly subscription is $20.00, (4 hard copies, 11 digital). You can sign up on the website for the subscription for digital copies only (free) and receive an email notice when posted. Go to to join the Rochester Engineering Society. Click on the individual membership and you can submit your application on-line. Board of Directors: OFFICERS: President JOSEPH DOMBROWSKI, PE M/E Engineering / First Vice President GREG GDOWSKI, PhD University of Rochsester / Treasurer ANDREW C. HIRSCH Retired / Second Vice President MICHELLE SOMMERMAN, PE Bergmann Associates / Past President MICHAEL V. TRIASSI Javlyn, Inc. / EIGHT DIRECTORS: CORNELIUS (NEAL) ILLENBERG PE Rail Safety Consulting / LEE LOOMIS Retired / RICHARD E. RICE Erdman Anthony / MIKE KURDZIEL, PhD Harris Corporation / KENTON G. HINES Merrill Lynch / STEVEN W. DAY, PhD Rochester Institute of Technology / BRETT ELIASZ, PE Bergmann Associates / DENNIS ROOTE, PE CDE Engineering & Environment, PLLC / Administrative Director LYNNE M. IRWIN Rochester Engineering Society / e-mail:

(cover article) Page 16


4 • Call for Nominations for 2019 EOYs, YEOYs, and EODs 5 • RES Scholarship Application Information 6 • RES History - February 1971 7 • RES Technical Corner by Brett Eliasz, RES Director 8 • A New Focus for the RES Tutoring Team...STEM Support for the NYS

Elementary Science Curriculum 2019-20

9 • Seeking Volunteer Mentors for the "2019 Science Fair" at

Dr. Walter Cooper Academy

10 • Get to the Point! - Making Meetings More Effective 12 • The Limited Monopoly - A Christmas (W)rap 14 • How Do You Arm a STEM Teacher with real-world application examples? Put an Engineer in the classroom! 15 • Get IT Done - Weatherman 16 • Introducing L3Harris Technologies: Built on more than a

century of innovation (cover)

19 • Feature Article - Reimagining Additive Manufacturing of Carbon

Composite Lattice Structures

20-21 • Position Openings 22 • Continuing Education Opportunities (PDHs) 22-23 • Engineers’ Calendar 25 • What's News - How to Capitalize on Gender Diversity in the Workplace 28-32 • Professional Firms - Employee News 45-46 • Directory of Professional Services 46 • Directory of Business Services 47 • Affiliated Societies and Corporate Members of the RES Membership Application and Advertising Rates are also on the website:

news of the...

• ABCD Association for Bridge Construction and Design.....................37 • ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers............................................36 • ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers....................................................42 • ASPE American Society of Plumbing Engineers....................................40 • EA Electrical Association.......................................................................43 • IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.................38-39


• IES Illuminating Engineering Society....................................................44 • INCOSE International Council on Systems Engineering..........................35 • IS&T Society for Imaging Science and Technology.............................33 • MPES Monroe Professional Engineers Society......................................34 • RES Rochester Engineering Society.................................................... 2-9 • TERRA TERRA Science & Engineering Fair...............................................41


President’s Message

Joseph Dombrowski, PE Retired M/E Engineering RES President 2018 - 2020 It is the beginning of November and as I write this, I am officially tired of raking leaves. Well, at least it isn’t snowing. Yet. Around here. We have had two RES events (one in October and one in November) and more are to follow. As always, contact RES with any feedback. We have resurrected our Strategic Planning Process, a meeting is planned soon. I will report on anything that needs to be publicized very soon. Planning for the Gala upcoming in April 2020 is ongoing. We are looking to increase attendance at the event; any input is appreciated! Our scholarship process is well underway and recipients will be announced in early 2020.

comments, either for or against. The Engineering Symposium aka the PDH Fest (to be held April 28, 2020) planning effort has kicked off. Help is always appreciated, especially teachers and moderators. The Holiday season is rapidly approaching, please relax, enjoy yourselves and stay safe. If you have any concerns or input, or have the need to volunteer to help RES out, feel free to contact the RES via the website at or me directly at Joe Dombrowski RES President

As part of ongoing cost cutting, a decision has been made to utilize a less costly paper in the RES magazine. Please let us know if you have any res news - president’s message



Call for Nominations Donald P. Nims, PE 2018 EOY

Past Engineers of the Year 11 years...(first awarded 1963)

Donald P. Nims, PE Martin E. Gordon, PE Diane M. Trentini Robert L. Clark, Jr., PhD Lalit Mestha, PhD Maureen S. Valentine, PE Sergio Esteban, PE Brian J. Thompson, PhD Gary W. Passero, PE Kevin J. Parker, PhD Satish G. Kandlikar, PhD

2019 Engineer of the Year

Brett Eliasz, PE 2018 YEOY

Past Young Engineers of 2019 the Year -11 years... Kate Gleason Young Engineer of the Year

(first awarded 2007)


2019 Engineers of Distinction

Brett Eliasz, PE Emily M. Smith, PE Matthew T. Sidley Danielle Benoit, PhD John Papponetti, PE Courtney E. Reich, PE Clement Chung, PE Sherwin Damdar Michael J. Walker, EIT Nathan Gnanasambandam, PhD Venkatesh G. Rao, PhD

The RES Board of Directors introduced a streamlined nomination form. A simple initial form allows an individual or organization to nominate a candidate. The RES committee will then contact the nominator if the candidate progresses to the next phase. At that point, a final form will be used to gather essential details from the nominator and candidate which will be used to determine our award recipients. The RES will select and recognize the 2019 Engineer of the Year, Young Engineer of the Year (and Finalists for Young Engineer of the Year), and Engineers of Distinction Awards in a variety of public venues and media during the weeks before the Gala. The Award recipients will be introduced on Saturday, April 18, 2020 during the Gala at the Rochester Riverside Convention Center. Visit our website at and click on Call For Nominations, or call 585-254-2350 ( to request a nomination form.

The following information is described:

Eligibility for Nomination Awards Criteria

Deadline for Preliminary Nominations - Monday, December 9, 2019 Deadline for Final Nominations - Monday, January 6, 2020 4 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

res news - call for nominations



RES Scholarship Application Information The Rochester Engineering Society (RES) is an umbrella organization for engineering societies in the Rochester area. The goals of the society are: to advance the art and science of engineering for the general public welfare in Monroe County and the adjoining counties; to foster in practicing and prospective engineers excellence as professionals, as citizens, and as individuals; and, to promote communication and cooperation among all branches of engineering. Multiple scholarships, sponsored by a variety of organizations and administered through the RES, are awarded annually ($1,500 each) to recognize outstanding engineering, engineering technology, science or technology students. These are merit-based scholarships. Scholarships from the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) require applicants be student members of their respective organization. Eligibility: Applicants must meet the following qualifications: 1. Be an undergraduate student in good standing who has completed two years/or achieved Junior standing in an ABET-accredited engineering, engineering technology, science or technology program. 2. Have an overall grade point average of 3.0 out of 4.0 (or equivalent) or better. 3. Plan to continue engineering, engineering technology, science or technology studies in an undergraduate ABET accredited program in September 2020. Scholarship recipients will be individually notified by February 1, 2020, announced at the RES Gala on April 18, 2020 and funds will be mailed ~August 1, 2020. 4. Be a resident of Monroe, Genesee, Livingston, Ontario, Orleans, Wayne, or Wyoming Counties of New York or enrolled in an ABET accredited engineering, engineering technology, science or technology curriculum in a college in those counties. The Rochester Chapter of IEEE allows applicants from Corning and Alfred sub-chapters. 5. Not be a previous recipient of this scholarship. Application: Applicants must submit the six required items listed below. All items must be submitted together. The applicant is responsible for ensuring that all the necessary data are submitted by the deadline in one package and will be immediately disqualified from judging, with no further follow-up, if these instructions are not followed. The applicant should notify those persons supplying reference letters that timely response is critical. Reference letters may be submitted in individually sealed envelopes within the application package. Deliver, mail or email to all items by December 2, 2019 to: The Rochester Engineering Society, 657 East Avenue, Rochester, New York 14607.

Required Data and Instructions 1. Certificate of Interview from a member of the Scholarship Committee - Request an appointment for interview by sending an email to the Scholarship Chairperson, Michelle Sommerman, PE, at In your email, include your full name, phone number, and the day(s) and time(s) you are available for an interview. Attach your resume to the email. Contact Michelle Sommerman at 585-498-7896 if you have not received a reply within three days. The interviewer will provide a certificate that the interview was conducted after September 1, 2019 and before November 30, 2019 (the interview deadline). 2. Transcript - Official copy of applicant’s current transcript showing grades for the entire enrollment in current school and if a transfer student, courses taken and accepted from his/her prior college or university. 3. Resume - The same resume the applicant would use if applicant were applying for employment. Be sure to include the following information: name, permanent address, school address, college, degree and program, anticipated date of graduation, and any professional society memberships. 4. Applicant’s Letter - A letter written by the applicant addressed to the Chairman of the Scholarship Award Committee of the scholarship application information

Rochester Engineering Society. This letter shall not be more than one typewritten page in length and should discuss the applicant’s position with respect to the following: a. Why the applicant is studying engineering and chose his/her particular field. b. Why the applicant is applying for the scholarship. c. The applicant’s involvement in professional society activities, the leadership positions held and describe active involvement in other extra-curricular activities. d. Statement that the scholarship will be used in engineering, engineering technology, science or technology studies in an undergraduate ABET-accredited program in September 2020 should an award be presented. 5. Reference Letter #1 - Letter from the applicant’s faculty advisor in his/her current school. This letter should indicate the applicant’s standing in the class relative to other students, his/her course load and involvement. 6. Reference Letter #2 - Letter from a current or former employer who is not a relative, OR, a professor of engineering, science or technology in whose class the applicant has been or is presently enrolled. DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 5

Rochester History Continuing with the historical sampling of the earlier writings on behalf of the Rochester Engineering Society, the years following "The Great War," into and through the “Great Depression,” continued to be a time of reaching out for the maturing Society, both locally and nationally. The meeting minutes describe a series of technical discussions and presentations intended to broaden the technical horizons of the membership (especially the CE's, ME's and EE's). The RES affiliated itself with a number of National technical societies, adopted local Affiliated Societies, frequently held joint meetings with them and continued taking action on a growing list of public matters. Certain issues of standardization, some crucial to public safety, became the responsibility of the RES and its affiliates. In the pervasive economic downturn of the “Great Depression,” the magazine offered classified advertising for unemployed engineers, technicians and draftsmen and took other steps to try to deal with the crisis. Still, it continued its effort to shape the function, purpose and infrastructure of the City of Rochester, and beyond. World War again affected the Society, taking away many of its leaders while providing opportunities for others to step forward to fill these vacancies. In an effort to provide even greater perspective on the happenings and concerns of the day, a synopsis, featuring selected items from "The Rochester Engineer" has become an integral part of this series. The Second World War and the Korean Conflict are now history, and the Vietnam War has recently become a focal point. These experiences have changed the face and, no doubt, the future of the community. The Rochester municipal leadership and the industrial community have become immersed in the cold-war, growth economy.

“The Rochester Engineer” (February 1971) (continued)…

The RES Luncheon series for February included: “Cyberail… Automated Materials Handling for Hospitals,” by Richard M. Beers, Castle Corporation Div. of Sybron; “A Mayor’s View of the Ecological Crisis,” by Stephen May, Mayor, Rochester, NY; “Visicom…A Telephone Aid for the Deaf,” by Dr. Watson F. Walker, Electrical Engineering Department, RIT; and, “Telephony in Rochester…Now and Tomorrow,” by George S. Beinetti, President, Rochester Telephone Corporation. The RES announced a joint meeting, “Can Highway Designers Transit Planners be Right/Wrong?” featuring Dr. Dwight M. Baumann, PE, of Carnegie-Mellon University. Co-sponsored by the RES, ASCE, Society of Automotive Engineers, Society of Logistics Engineers, MPES, and others, this presentation would describe a dual-mode system for urban transportation involving gasoline/electric powered vehicles.

March 3, 1971 (Board of Directors Meeting, Taylor Instrument Companies) The Board approved three new Regular

membership applications. It was reported that the number of volunteers for the new Solid Waste Advisory Committee had risen to five, and the committee’s organizational meeting was scheduled for March 12th. RES Director, George Landberg, reported that two special meetings of general interest had been scheduled, one on “Transportation” and another on ”Deep Sea Drilling.” RES Engineers' Week Committee Chair, Roger Kober, reported that the annual dinner had not been selfsupporting and that the Engineers’ Week exhibits in Midtown Plaza had been “disappointing.” In response to a letter from the Rochester Council of Scientific Societies (RCSS) requesting RES support, the Board approved an allocation of $50. It was reported that plans for “Info Expo,” to be held at the Rochester Community War Memorial in the Fall of 1971, were progressing, with an expectation that the breakeven point would happen at 100 exhibitor booths. Lou Boehringer’s committee was arranging for seminars, and Jack Schickler’s committee was planning the publicity program. 6 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

A Sampling from the Archives of the Rochester Engineering Society...1897 - 1971 by Lee M. Loomis

“The Rochester Engineer” (March 1971) This issue led off with an appeal from RES President, G. Robert Leavitt, for public participation in the challenge recently placed before the Society, to develop a plan for disposing of municipal solid waste in our community. Viewed as an imperative to fulfillment of the Society’s civic responsibilities, this effort would begin with the gathering of pertinent information on systems and methods of waste disposal; currently available, under development or theoretically proposed. This would be followed by presentation at public forums, all aimed at developing plans for immediate action and a long-range program. A nucleus for a task force was announced, along with the need for considerable additional project management expertise. The March RES Luncheon Series was announced: “The Airport and its Neighbors,” by Martin Gach, Eastern Region Noise Abatement Officer for the FAA; “Which Way, the US Economy,” by Dr. Harold Passer, former head of the Kodak Statistical Department, and now Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs; “Planned Unit Development,” by Nathan Jaschik, Monroe County Planning Department; and, “Getting Your Design Dollar’s Worth,” by Frank A. Zagara, Rochester Industrial Designer. This month’s featured RES Affiliate was the Rochester Chapter of the American Institute of Architects. Founded in 1919 as the Rochester Society of Architects, its purpose is to serve as a communications link between the architectural profession and the Rochester community. It membership includes Registered Professional Architects and Professional Affiliates, non-architects; engineers, planners, landscape architects, sculptors, muralists, and artists. The RES announced its sponsorship of an eight-week course entitled, “Effective Reading.” Taught by Jack Whiting, at the Chamber of Commerce, this was designed for professionals wanting to improve both their reading speed and their reading comprehension. April 7, 1971 (Board of Directors Meeting, Taylor Instrument, Division of Sybron) The Board approved six new

applications for Regular Membership and one Associate Membership application. Additional progress on the Fall 1971 “Info Expo” was reported, including firm contract for booth space (up to 192 available) and publicity. It was also reported that President Nixon had declined an invitation to address the opening session. The Solid Waste Advisory Committee announced a dramatic increase in volunteers for the subcommittees on Landfills, Incineration, Planning & Coordination, Public Relations, and Recycling Methods. The new name for the project was announced as, Rochester Engineering Society Organized to Utilize Research to Conserve the Environment, the acronym for which would be “Operation RESOURCE.” The High School Guidance Committee announced that the RES Explorer Post #523 had held eleven meetings, and that they were in the process of scheduling a trip to Bethlehem Steel, in Lackawanna, NY, for the 8 – 18 Explorers who regularly attend the meetings. Subsequent articles in this series will describe the RES' continuing outreach to other technical societies as it considered its role in this and the larger community, along with more of the activities of the RES as it moved to be of greater service to its membership, especially those suffering from current economic crises, and adopted a greater role in shaping the future of the City and its environs. Noted also, will be the contributions made by RES members in the struggle to meet the challenges coming out of World War II and the the Korean Conflict, as well as a hoped-for period of postwar growth and prosperity. These articles will also feature an impressive array of RES activities in support of post-war re-emergence of Rochester area industry. We welcome your questions and comments on this series.

res news - history


Technical Corner This month’s article focuses on clearance above electrical equipment. The below illustration, courtesy of the 2017 NEC, sums it up very well. The Dedicated Electrical Space above equipment must be clear of any systems foreign to the electrical systems. It is important to note that this only applies to Switchboards, Switchgear, panelboards and motor control centers. The idea here is to have space for future conduit additions and these types of electrical equipment would likely warrant this. Example Scenario 1 An electrical disconnect switch is mounted on a wall at eye level and feeds into a piece of mechanical equipment located directly above it within the 6 foot dedicated electrical space. Would this be a violation of 110.26 (E)? In my opinion, this scenario is fine as a disconnect switch is not specifically listed in this section and it would not require future addition of conduits. Example Scenario 2 A spray guard is installed directly above a panel board within the dedicated electrical space. The intent of the spray guard is to limit the sprinkler water spray and would offer drip protection from anything above. Would the spray guard be in violation here? In my opinion, this would be a violation as it impedes the future addition of conduits and is technically foreign to the electrical system. Hopefully this article finds you well and can be used as a reference for your project needs. If anyone would like to contribute to the RES magazine and add an article or would like to request information on a specific topic (not limited to Electrical) just email me at As always, any comments are appreciated‌! Thank you for reading.

Brett Eliasz, P.E., LEED AP BD+C , RES Director res - technical corner


RES News - Tutoring Team A New Focus for the RES Tutoring Team… …Support for the NYS Elementary Science Curriculum – 2019-20

The Administration and Faculty at Dr. Walter Cooper Academy have asked the Rochester Engineering Society (RES) Tutoring Team to help support an increased focus on the NYS Elementary Science Curriculum, in our work with our “Cooper Scholars”, this year. To that end, our Tutors will be working with Teachers and Students, during and after their science lessons, in support of the scientific principles being taught, at ALL Grade levels. Tutors will be supporting the science lessons, as they are being taught. Following each of the lessons, they will then be working with small groups of students to help them understand the scientific concept(s) presented, and also with individual students, as needed. All of this will occur inside the science classroom, with teacher supervision available, if needed. Does this sound interesting to you, or maybe to some of your friends? Could you see yourself supporting the presentation of science curriculum to students, ages five to eleven? Who was it that showed you how science could “make a difference” in your life? Could you help introduce someone to science, yourself? Do you think you can make room in your life for this important challenge? We are continuing to build our RES Tutoring Team, for the 2019-20 school year… We have been giving “Lunch & Learn” presentations in several Rochester area firms and professional groups, to inform and inspire prospective new tutors. We have “hit the ground, running”, and we need your support...Can we schedule a presentation with your firm, your work group, your church or family, sometime this Fall? Even just two hours a week of your time can make a big difference in the life of a Dr. Walter Cooper Academy Scholar… Questions??? Reach out to RES Past President Lee Loomis and the RES Tutoring Team at…Rochester Engineering Society (585) 254-2350, via website:, or via email:, (585) 738-3079 (mobile & text)


• When will the RES Tutors begin working? During the week of October 28th, 2019 • What is the schedule for the teaching of science (at each Grade level)? Mornings… Mid-Day


3 Grade (9:50AM – 10:30AM)

Kindergtn (12:50PM – 1:30PM)

2nd Grade (2:30PM – 3:10PM)

6th Grade (10:30AM – 11:10AM)

1st Grade (11:45AM – 12:15PM)

4th Grade (1:30PM – 2:10PM)

5th Grade (12:50PM – 1:30PM)


• Will Tutors be working (exclusively) inside the class rooms? Yes, they will be supporting the teachers & assisting the students, during and following the science lessons. They will be working, in the classrooms, with small groups of students (3 – 5), and (occasionally) with individual students • Will there be week by week DWCA “Science Lesson” schedules for the school year? Yes, the teachers, at each Grade level, will provide this information for the tutors • What if I cannot begin tutoring until after the October 28th “start date”? You may become an RES Tutor, and begin whenever your schedule allows; we can "fit you in" to our tutoring schedule.


res news - tutoring


RES News - Tutoring Team Seeking Volunteer Mentors for “2020 Science Fair” At Dr. Walter Cooper Academy The Rochester Engineering Society (RES) has been invited to help establish the first annual, Dr. Walter Cooper Academy Science Fair. The SchoolBased Planning Team, and the Parent-Teacher Organization (PTO), including parents, teachers and administrators, have requested the support of the RES in developing a Winter 2020 science fair at #10 School. The scope of this request includes… • Teachers will introduce the requirements for participating in the science fair to their classes, this Fall. • Students will be invited to volunteer to participate in this assignment, and they will agree to complete the required work. • RES Volunteer Mentors will meet with small groups of students, twice a week, Tuesdays and Thursdays at the school, during their 40 minute science instruction blocks. • RES Volunteer Mentors will help the Students select a “scientific phenomenon” they would like to investigate, guide them in planning their investigation, and help them design their presentation and findings for the Fair. Homework for the Students, in support of this effort, will be a distinct possibility. • The Dr. Walter Cooper Academy 2020 Science Fair is scheduled, at the School, for Friday, February 7th, 2020 • RES Volunteer Mentors will begin helping the Students get prepared for the Fair during the week of December 3rd and then meeting twice each week with their Students, for the next seven weeks (allowing for vacation)This will allow Students and their Mentors 12 – 14 days to work on their investigation/presentation. The RES is seeking Volunteer Mentors to support this Science Technology Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) activity. Unlike our RES Tutoring Team, this involves only a short-term commitment of approximately eight weeks. Volunteer Mentors will be working with students who have expressed a desire to learn more about science, technology, engineering and math. These students are motivated! Do you think you might consider making room in your busy lives to support our “Cooper Scholars” as they develop habits that will help them achieve new levels of learning, focused on a brighter future? Then volunteer to become an RES Volunteer Mentor. Please contact RES Director, Lee Loomis ( - (585) 738-3079 (mobile & text) or Jon Kriegel ( (585) 281-5216 for more information, and to volunteer for this important, potentially life-changing opportunity.


• Which Grade levels will be participating? Four Grade Levels; Third, Fourth, Fifth & Sixth • How many “Volunteer/Mentors” (V/M’s) will be needed? A minimum of four, but eight would be better, to allow for absences • Will there be a “V/M Orientation Meeting”? Yes, Wednesday, November 13th, 5:30PM – 6:30PM, Room 153, at the School, 180 Ridgeway Ave., Rochester, NY 14615. But, you can still participate in the Mentoring, during the December & January sessions. • What is the expected schedule on which the V/M’s will be needed…What hours/dates? During the Tuesday & Thursday Science Blocks: Mornings… Afternoons… 3rd Grade – 9:50AM – 10:30AM 4th Grade 1:30PM – 2:10PM 6th Grade – 10:30AM – 11:10AM 5th Grade – 12:50PM – 1:30PM November - 26th December - 3rd, 5th, 10th, 12th, 17th, 19th January - 7th, 9th, 14th, 16th, 21st, 23rd, 28th & 31st • What is the scheduled date/location for the “Science Fair”? Friday, February 7th, 2020 – All Day @ 180 Ridgeway Avenue • Are there science curricula available, for each Grade level that will be participating in this year’s science fair, that can be shared with prospective V/M’s, ahead of time? Yes, these will be provided, by RES Directors, Lee Loomis & Jon Kriegel, to the Volunteer/Mentors, at/before the November 13th Information Meeting. Subsequent. additional Volunteer/Mentors will also receive Science Fair "Information Kits." res news - tutoring


Get to the Point!

Making Meetings More Effective We’ve all done it. We’ve all sat through meetings that were a complete waste of time, and we’ve sat through meetings that were productive and engaging. What’s the difference? What bothers you about meetings? What makes a meeting great? In a previous article we addressed being an effective participant. This article discusses how to be a prepared chairperson. When I sit in a well-run meeting, I feel like I’m part of an orchestra led by Leonard Bernstein. I feel like the great Lombardi is coaching me. We’re all in sync. We know our parts. We know why we’re there and what needs to be done to create something wonderful. Sound a little over the top? It’s not. Meetings are often one of the least planned, over scheduled elements of wasted productivity in organizations. Why? In part because few people who lead a meeting have been taught the skills and knowledge behind leading a good meeting. If you want to run a successful meeting, take note and then practice these principles.

To Meet or Not To Meet That should be the question of every chairperson. Many people call a meeting when a meeting is really not the appropriate medium for the information they seek. Meetings are expensive. Add up the hourly cost of everyone sitting in a meeting. The purpose should warrant that amount of time and money investment. List all the ways in which you could achieve your goal or attain the decisions or information you need. Review them. Is there a faster, cheaper, or easier way to get it? You should be conducting a mini cost-benefit analysis every time you think about calling a meeting. The PAT Approach Once a chairperson decides a meeting is appropriate, he or she should use the PAT approach: • Determine the Purpose • Prepare the Agenda • Coordinate the Time (and Place) Purpose As chair, you must have a razor-sharp focus on why (the purpose of) you call a meeting. And, you must clearly articulate that to 10 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

participants. Do this both when you send out a meeting notice and when you begin the meeting. It sets the expectations that participants must stay on topic. Here’s a process for you to plan a successful meeting: 1. Determine meeting purpose 2. List names of the participants you wish to attend 3. Determine what each participant will contribute 4. If a participant is deemed a non-contributor, remove from list

Agenda Always prepare an agenda. Yes, I said always. Even for quick, short meetings, agendas focus everyone. When you write down items on an agenda, you commit yourself and your participants to focus on those items, not on their own agenda items. A good agenda • states the meeting objectives, • outlines the meeting in increments of time, • provides a checklist of items to accomplish and who will present each, • allows the attendees to see a “road map.” Time Put some thought into your meeting time and place, and tie that closely to your purpose and your attendees. For example, don’t call an 8:00 AM meeting the Monday after the Super bowl. You will lose out because everyone is tired. Schedule high energy or level of participation meetings between 8 and 9 a.m. Meetings at 3 p.m. allow participants time to recuperate from lunch. Also, schedule your meeting in a well-lit and spacious room. People think better and work better that way.

Run/Facilitate the Meeting During the meeting, it’s the chairperson’s responsibility to guide the meeting to a successful finish. As you oversee the meeting, keep these important factors in mind and ensure you do them: • Be aware of the rules of the meeting (ex: Robert’s Rules) • Keep to the aim or objective of the meeting • Remain fair with all participants • Start the meeting on time • End the meeting on time • Transition from one agenda topic to the next • Introduce the next topic or presenter get to the point

• Handle disruptions • Sum up topics The most important part of a meeting is its start. Here are some things you can do as the chair to get things started well: • Greet your participants • Introduce who you are • Introduce special guests • Explain housekeeping items • Present Agenda • Open with “rules of the meeting”

Keeping It On Track We’ve all been in meetings that get derailed either by hidden agendas, confusion, lengthy discussions, or a whole host of other disruptive situations. As the chair, it is your responsibility to get and keep a meeting on track so that it achieves its purpose. Here are some ways to do it: • Set expectations with all participants about focus versus disruption • Time each presenter • Overcome fear of interrupting • Politely warn people time is nearing Using your agenda can also help keep a meeting on track. Make sure your agenda, • divides topics into Decision/Discussion items, • stick to only topics listed on the Agenda, and • uses a “Parking Lot” for topics that require follow-up after the meeting.

Impolite Behavior Don’t allow impolite behavior such as people running in and out of the meeting, taking calls, texting or having side conversations. State right up front before the meeting starts that these behaviors are not accepted. And if someone still does this, you now have latitude to ask him or her to stop.

Overtime On rare occasions, your meeting may require overtime. If so, follow these rules to determine how to deal with it: • Determine your participants’ constraints • Warn attendees in advance that the meeting will over run • Determine how much more time will be needed get to the point

• Communicate the extra time to the attendees • Gain consensus to go into overtime • Give choices If overtime is not an option, determine what agenda items will be missed and plan an alternative way of getting the information to the attendees.

Personality Conflicts Sometimes when people come together in a meeting, there can be contentious conflict. This is never acceptable, but it does happen. If so, we suggest you try the Stop, Drop, and Roll method of eliminating conflict in your meeting: • Stop: Stop the conflict by intervening and making a statement that acknowledges the conflict. Do not become frustrated yourself. Avoid taking sides. Never yell. • Drop: Instruct parties to drop the discussion for now and regain their composure. • Roll: Roll into a break. Even if you just got back from one, take a break and send the participants away for a moment.

Finishing Whether finishing an agenda item or the whole meeting, a good chair will clearly draw things to a close. Here’s what you should do to successfully end a topic or a meeting: • Recap all issues • Call to vote • Sum up resulting decisions, actions, policies • Answer any questions from the Note-Taker or scribe Meetings are often the most effective communication tool we have but if they are not run well, it is a waste of time and money. RGI and CTEL offer group workshops on Effective Meeting Skills. See or call 866-744-3032. © 2019, RGI Learning Lisa Moretto is the President of RGI Learning, Inc. For 24 years she has helped engineers improve their oral and written communication skills. Visit or call (866) 744-3032 to learn about RGI’s courses. DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 11

The Limited Monopoly® A Christmas (W)rap — by Robert Gunderman, PE and John Hammond, PE The Basics of Christmas Present and Past It was 1987, and Run DMC had just released “Christmas in Hollis”, probably the most classic Christmas Rap Song in existence. Of course Kurtis Blow came out with Christmas Rappin’ in 1980, years before the McDaniels, Mizell and Simons trio came out with their song, but maybe it was the catchiness of the lyrics or the feature in the movie Die Hard that pushed it to the top of the rap and hip hop heap. Amazingly, the Run DMC song has its roots in a 1968 Clarence Carter R&B song called “Back Door Santa” that Mizell (DJ Jam Master Jay) dug up to build the foundations of the song. Dial up both songs on your favorite music delivery browser; the similarities are striking and you won’t be disappointed with the music either.

The “Other” Wrap

While one may argue about the necessity of rap in the Christmas season, there are certain aspects of Christmas that do not seem to change much season to season. While Christ will always be first, the Christmas tree, Christmas lights, egg nog, Santa Claus and of course neatly wrapped presents conjure up picture perfect images of Christmas past and present. While wrapping a present flawlessly neat may be considered a disorder by some in today’s world, without the basics of Scotch® tape, that neat packaging would not be possible. The story of Scotch® tape is one of invention and patents and perhaps a slightly OCD inventor at a small sandpaper manufacturer in Minnesota who could not stay on task with his day job.

Richard Drew and His Sticky Inventions

In the 1920’s, long before rap or hip-hop, there were cars. Plenty of them. And even then, automotive body shops were 12 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

busy not only fixing damaged vehicles, but customizing them in two tone paint jobs to supplement the boring factory finishes of the day. These custom paint jobs were all the rage, but a headache for body shops. Richard Drew was a young mechanical engineering student who never finished his degree, but instead spent his time playing banjo and working for a small sandpaper manufacturer in Minnesota known as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing. His job involved calling on automotive repair shops with samples of his company’s sandpaper. It was through his visits to various auto repair shops that he heard constant complaints from the workers about two tone paint jobs and the lack of good tape or adhesive to prevent the paint colors from bleeding into adjacent areas.

The Birth of Masking Tape

Drew became interested in coming up with a solution to the problem of a good automotive tape, and much less interested in selling and testing sandpaper. He came up with the idea of using a modified version of the adhesive used in making sandpaper and applying it to a paper strip backing. Drew spent two years experimenting with various formulas and combinations to come up with a successful product. In that time, one of the challenges he faced was in the amount of adhesive to apply to the paper strips so that the tape would remove cleanly, but still work to prevent paint from wicking under the tape while in use. He tried not only numerous adhesive formulations, but also experimented with the amount to be applied to the paper strips, and even tried applying the adhesive only on the edges of the paper strip, leaving the center of the strip devoid of adhesive to ease removal. With each iteration, he took samples to his favorite auto shops for them to try. The biggest complaint early on was the lack of enough adhesive, the limited monopoly



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causing the tape to fall off or not create the paint barrier necessary for a clean job. With a few failed paint jobs, the body shop workers told him to not be so “Scotch” with the adhesive, even going so far as to call his tape “Scotch” or cheap. At the time, Scotch was an unflattering term for cheap or stingy, coming from the perception of Scottish thriftiness. Soon, his tape became known as Scotch® Masking Tape, even after he finally achieved success through proper adhesive formulation and amount. On May 27, 1930 he was granted United States Patent 1,760,820, and Scotch® Masking Tape became a new product for his employer. He soon was promoted to a high level technical position in the company. His passion for invention having been fueled by the success of Scotch® Masking Tape in a small company that previously made only sandpaper, he set out to solve another sticky problem that was emerging at the time.

The Clear Opportunity

Cellophane™ came on the scene in the early 1900’s after Swiss chemist Jacques E. Brandenberger spent ten years perfecting a clear film to protect tablecloths from wine spills. A thin, clear material made from cellulose through a chemical process, Cellophane™ came to be used extensively in the food industry. Whitman’s candy company first used it in the United States to wrap their chocolates. Soon, many food products came to be wrapped in the clear material, allowing consumers to see the product they were purchasing. The meat industry in particular thrived due to Cellophane™, as customers could easily view the product before purchase while keeping the meat sealed for longer shelf life. Tape, when used to seal Cellophane™ packaging, spoiled the clear look and was not cosmetically desirable. Drew was determined to come up with a clear tape using a Cellophane™ strip and a clear adhesive, the likes of which did not exist at the time. The brown adhesive that was used for his masking tape, and other tapes of the time, was clearly not an option for this new packaging material. In addition, the clear material cracked and split easily, making any subsequent tape product difficult to manufacture. Eventually, the difficulties were overcome, and United States Patent 2,177,627 entitled “Adhesive Sheeting” was granted. Soon, other patents followed.

The Great Depression

The future for clear tape did not seem so clear at the time. Dupont had come out with improved Cellophane™ materials that could be sealed with heat, potentially eliminating the need the limited monopoly

for tape. The U.S. was also in the Great Depression, putting many companies out of business, as consumers no longer had money to purchase the latest and greatest products. Instead, there was a need to repair and re-use old products, and a clear tape found great utility in many of these repair and reuse applications. Scotch® brand tape was the perfect opportunity in such a terrible economy where thriftiness was a survival essential, and the company thrived.

…And More

The original patent for transparent tape also served as a foundation for additional patents related to materials, adhesives, and production machinery and methods. In the first two years as a product, Scotch® transparent tape suffered from dispensing difficulties. The tape was difficult to work with, and often could not be easily started from the spool (unless you had good fingernails and good eyesight). Then, in 1936 a 3M sales manager named John Borden designed a tape dispenser with a built in cutter, clearing yet another hurdle in the unbridled success of Scotch® tape. United States Patent 2,221,213 was awarded to Borden for his “Tape Dispenser”. Richard Drew lived until 1980, and in 2007 was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. His humble invention is the reason that Christmas presents are wrapped so beautifully today. According to the Smithsonian, 3M sells enough Scotch® tape each year to circle the earth 165 times. Clearly the tape is being used for more than just wrapping presents. GRAPHIC CREDIT: “Wrapper’s Delight”. Robert Gunderman. To browse the entire searchable library of prior issues of The Limited Monopoly® from 2005 to present, visit Authors Robert D. Gunderman P.E. (Patent Technologies, LLC and John M. Hammond P.E. (Patent Innovations, LLC are both registered patent agents and licensed professional engineers. Copyright 2019 Robert Gunderman, Jr. and John Hammond Note: This short article is intended only to provide cursory background information, and is not intended to be legal advice. No client relationship with the authors is in any way established by this article. DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 13

RES News How do you arm a STEM Teacher with real-world application examples? Put an Engineer in the classroom!

In the 1990’s, Eastman Kodak Company jumped the gun, starting a family of STEM initiatives, years before the Government coined the STEM acronym. The name of these programs was the 21st Century Learning Challenge (TCLC), and at our peek, we were 1500 engineers and technicians, visiting Rochester City School Classrooms, twice a week for two-hour visits, during the entire School Year. This effort continued for nearly ten years, and not only pre-dates our recent STEM excitement level, but delivered support on a scale we have yet to match. Many of the volunteers in these programs were, and still are, members of the Rochester Engineering Society (RES). In the intervening twenty-five years, many have retired, or are about to retire. That makes them even more available as STEM Coaches, than they were as Kodak employees. The RES is working to put technical people in K-12 Classrooms, throughout the Greater Rochester area, as STEM Coaches. Their presence will: • • •

Help the Teacher stay current with our ever-changing technology. Provide real-World Application Examples, making whatever is being taught, real enough to be worth remembering. Support the teachers with not only the delivery of STEM concepts, but perhaps more importantly, the design and delivery of STEM related hardware.

Last year we had six STEM Coach, doing Classroom Visitation at School #3. That was so successful that RCSD is interested in expanding this program to involve nine STEM Coaches this year.

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The RES is specifically seeking Retired, Technical people, (Engineers, Technicians, Machinists, Entrepreneurs or anyone whose work would allow them to visit during School hours), as STEM Coaches. We currently have more than 30 Coaches, and are connecting them with 13 Rochester-area Schools.

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“This is a life-changing experience!”

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For more information contact: Jon Kriegel   585-281-5216 RES Volunteer Coordinator, Volunteer STEM Coach Please visit: 14 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

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res news - stem bridges

get IT done Weatherman

— by Andrè Godfrey This article will be of little value for the well prepared. This article will be of little value for the ill prepared. Darned if I know why I’m writing it.

“The pessimist complains about the wind; the optimist expects it to change; the realist adjusts the sails.” - William Arthur Ward From my experience this is not three different kinds of people but a proscribed sequence of events. First we complain, then we hope the wind will change, then we finally and reluctantly adjust the sails. Just in time for the wind to adjust again. And new complaints. And that new wind is upgrading your Microsoft operating system. Again. Microsoft is retiring support for its desktop OS Windows 7 and its server OS Windows 2008 as of Jan. 14, 2020. That’s next month which is why I’m not certain this article will have any pertinence. This announcement includes all versions of these operating systems for businesses and consumers. The lone exception appears to be federally certified voting systems that run Windows 7. I find it curious that Windows 7 appears insufficient from a security perspective for general business and personal use but for presidential elections is more than ‘up to snuff’. So what will really happen to those who have not upgraded their PC’s operating system to Windows 10? Likely not much at first. Your PC will turn on and your applications will continue to run. You’ll be able to access the internet. So far, it sounds pretty good. But, like that 100,000 odometer marker on your automobile, troubles will soon find you. I cannot begin to count the security updates Microsoft has produced for Windows 7 over the years but the list of updates is enormous. Bad guys don’t sleep. So without overriding protection from Microsoft, various malware will probe and uncover weaknesses and eventually find ways to get to your valuable data. Like your credit cards. Can you purchase Windows 7 support past January 2020? The short answer is ‘yes’ but I’ll be a Goose to your Maverick if I can figure out how. If I was a large enterprise then I’m certain my dedicated Microsoft rep would attempt to help me through the migration and the Microsoft mothership get IT done

would be engaged from but I can find small businesses and individuals appear to be left out of this process. The recommended solution from Microsoft and most others is not to upgrade at all but to purchase a new computer that has Windows 10 already on it. Upgrading from Windows 7 to Windows 10 can be problematic. Things like data not transferring correctly or applications that don’t recognize Windows 10. It is not for the faint of heart and validated backups are essential. Here are some draconian measures you could take if you are not prepared to purchase a new computer. Disconnect your computer from the network and the internet. If the bad guys can’t see you, they can’t bring harm your way. Put the computer on a distinct subnet that can only be accessed by other authenticated systems. Obviously these exceptions will only work as exceptions for either applications that definitely cannot run on Windows 10 or computers that are truly standalones and require zero network/internet access. You can’t run a business this way. So there’s the complaint and the waiting for the wind to shift is over. So adjust your sails and go with the prevailing wind. You need to seriously look at purchasing new computers with Windows 10 already loaded.

“You don’t need to be a weatherman to know which way the wind blows” – Bob Dylan Think about IT.

Andrè Godfrey is President, Entre Computer Services, DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 15

Introducing L3Harris Technologies: Built on more than a century of innovation

One company with common goals. Shaped by a rich history of innovation. Ready to fast forward into the future. by Natalie Ciao

L3Harris has its roots in both the entrepreneurial spirit of the American Industrial Revolution and the earliest days of the space program. L3Harris’ heritage is drawn from two companies – one with a proud history of more than a century of technology and communications leadership (Harris Corporation) and a younger company (L3 Technologies) comprised of some of the most successful aerospace and defense enterprises in history.

the Harris Automatic Press Company in Niles, OH. Harris built on that early innovation by evolving in the following decades into an electronic communications provider. As the space race accelerated, Harris acquired Radiation Inc., and became a leader in miniaturized electronic tracking and pulse code technology. After relocating to Melbourne, FL, in the 1970s, Harris Corporation transformed itself into a global communications and information technology company.

History of Harris Corporation

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In 1895, Alfred Harris disrupted the printing industry problem by creating a faster printing press, establishing

Harris RF Communications Founders: Roger Bettin, Bill Stolze, Herbert VandenBrul (as photographed by founder Elmer Schwittek) in the basement of a friend’s apartment building on Park Avenue.

History of Rochester’s RF Communications

Launched in 1960 by three engineers and a local attorney— Bill Stolze, Elmer Schwittek, Roger Bettin and Herbert VandenBrul — Rochester’s well-known RF Communications provided superior long-range two-way radio communications to a wide range of government markets. The four founders spent six months developing their initial radio products in a Park Avenue basement in Rochester before opening the first official RF Communications office in a vacant beauty parlor on Merchants Road. Two years later, they moved to 1680 University Avenue in Rochester, which today remains a headquarters for administrative and engineering staff. In early 1969, RF Communications was acquired by Harris Corporation. Harris’ innovative spirit was spawned out of necessity by two entrepreneurs whose first invention – a faster printing press – launched the Harris Automatic Press Company. 16 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

In 2011, Harris opened a 573,000-squarefoot operations center which was then, and remains today, one of the world’s most advanced manufacturing centers. cover article

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L C F L s L t m – L i m 1 T w

Jefferson Road Operations Center factory floor in Henrietta The nation's earliest communication and weather satellites, military missile systems, manned space flights and Apollo moon missions all relied on Harris technologies to complete their missions.

In 2015, Harris continued its transformation by acquiring Exelis Inc., a Virginia-based global aerospace, defense, information and services company with a strong presence in Rochester. The acquisition created a company with greater scale, capabilities and core franchises focused primarily on U.S. and international government markets where the company provides differentiated technologies. In 2015, Harris continued its transformation by acquiring Exelis Inc., a Virginia-based global aerospace, defense, information and services company with a strong presence in Rochester creating a company with greater scale, capabilities and core franchises focused primarily on U.S. and international government markets where the company provides differentiated technologies.

History of L3 Technologies

L3 Technologies was created in 1997 as L-3 Communications, named for the three initials of founders Frank Lanza and Robert LaPenta in partnership with Lehman Brothers. Lanza and LaPenta previously served in executive roles at Loral Corporation and Lockheed Martin, respectively. L3 was created through the divestiture of business segments following the merger of Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta – business segments that had originally been part of Loral Corporation and had been acquired by Lockheed in 1993. Under Lanza’s leadership, L3 experienced massive growth through 100+ acquisitions in its first 19 years. The company changed its name to L3 Technologies in 2016 to more accurately describe its wider scope.

cover article

Transformation Into L3Harris Technologies

In 2019, Harris and L3 combined in a merger of equals to form L3Harris Technologies, an agile global aerospace and defense technology innovator, delivering end-to-end solutions that meet customers’ missioncritical needs. The company provides advanced defense and commercial technologies across air, land, sea, space and cyber domains. L3Harris is organized into four segments to best meet customers’ mission requirements and leverage the combined company’s broad technical capabilities: • • • •

Integrated Mission Systems — headquartered in Palm Bay, Florida. Includes intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance; advanced electro optical and infrared solutions; and maritime power and navigation Space and Airborne Systems — headquartered in Palm Bay, Florida. Includes space payloads, sensors and full-mission solutions; classified intelligence and cyber defense; avionics; and electronic warfare Communication Systems — headquartered in Rochester, NY. Includes tactical communications; broadband communications; night vision; and public safety Aviation Systems — headquartered in Arlington, Texas. Includes defense aviation products; security, detection and other commercial aviation products; air traffic management; and commercial and military pilot training

L3Harris has approximately $17 billion in annual revenue, 50,000 employees – 3,800 of which are located in Rochester – and customers in more than 130 countries. Continued on page 18... DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 17

Growth, Strength and Talent

In some ways, L3Harris Technologies is a wellkept secret, said Dana Mehnert, President, Communication Systems, L3Harris. “A lot of people may still think of this business as RF Communications,” he said. “If you talk about our space business it’s Kodak or it’s ITT or it’s Exelis. I think the thing people should know is 3,800 members of the community here are all part of L3Harris. This is a very exciting, strong, growing business that does something that matters every day for our nation.” And through the years, the technology has also changed – as has the breadth of the product line thanks to the talented team of employees. “We have the best team in the world. I don’t think you get to be #1 in a market, and keep that position for a decade, without the best team and staying very close to your customers. We have a strong heritage to build on, I like to say we’re standing on the shoulders of those folks who came before us,” he said. And time and time again, L3Harris has proven that it is committed to Rochester as its home base to make superior radios and geospatial and intelligence systems for the U.S. military and allies across the world.

Jefferson Road Operations Center in Henrietta

“L3Harris has certainly grown to be a much larger, more significant player broadly in the aerospace and defense industry and in the key markets that we serve in the business here in Rochester – tactical communications for soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen; public safety communications; and night vision,” he said. “It’s wonderful to be part of a business where you can make a difference every day.” For more information about L3Harris Technologies in Rochester visit For more information about working here, visit www.L3Harris. com/rochester. q Author: Natalie Ciao Bio: Natalie Ciao is the manager of Public Relations for L3Harris Technologies’ Communication Systems business. She manages external communications and public relations including media relations, social media, community relations and events. Prior to joining L3Harris 18 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

Employees from the University Avenue location pose for a photo in front of the new L3Harris Technologies banner on the day of the Harris and L3 merger, July 1, 2019.

in 2016, Ciao managed public relations and communications for Rochester Regional Health System for more than a decade. She has led communications for several non-profit organizations and was a reporter for several years in the early part of her career. cover article


Reimagining Additive Manufacturing of Carbon Composite Lattice Structures by Pritam Poddar Additive Manufacturing (AM) is gradually being adopted as the manufacturing technology of the future. One of the biggest benefits of this technology is that it allows us to create geometry which is impossible with traditional manufacturing technology. For example, AM can be used for making lattice structures, a geometry inspired by nature. These geometries have a high strengthto-weight ratio and thus composite lattice structures are used in aerospace, architecture and automotive applications. Manufacturing these lattice structures is challenging, because they are made of periodic cellular cells which need to be fabricated separately, assembled and joined. In this work, we describe how AM was reimagined to combine the separate fabrication, assembly and joining of carbon composite lattice structures into one single process.

Figure 1(a) Axial Lattice Extrusion process (b) various sized octet truss lattice structure made using Axial Lattice Extrusion

We say reimagining AM because conventional AM is extruding or depositing materials in 2D layers repeatedly to build up a 3D part. We have reimagined extrusion-based AM to develop an Axial Lattice Extrusion Figure 2 (a) 2D layering in conventional AM (ALE) process for processes (b) Continuous fiber alignment in freeform extrusion of carbon fiber Axial Lattice Extrusion composite lattice structures, as shown in Figure 1 (a). The unique feature of this technology is that overhanging features can be deposited without using any support material. Octet truss lattice structures, made of alternating tetrahedral and octahedral cells, have been fabricated using this technique, as shown in Figure 1 (b). When compared to layer-based extrusion processes, ALE is found to feature article

be at least 5X faster as it eliminates non-value adding movement like printing support material. ALE also allows preferential fiber alignment, which is impossible to achieve with 2D layer based extrusion, as seen in Figure 2.

Figure 3 - Fabricating an Octet Truss Lattice geometry with Axial Lattice Extrusion

Figure 3 demonstrates how the ALE process can extrude material directly into 3D space without requiring support material. When the carbon fiber composite is extruded at 240ËšC from the nozzle, it is in a semi-solid state and gradually transforms back into a solid state as the temperature decreases. In the ALE process, the temperature of the hot exiting filament is rapidly decreased by blowing chilled air at it. This accelerates the transformation of the material from semi-solid to a solid and can hold its position in space without support material. It enables the printing of features of up to 90 degrees overhang. Currently the ALE process is capable of fabricating cellular sandwich panels of varying cell size and shape, and the technology needs further development. Research is needed to make the process capable of printing a solid skin that would enclose the lattice on all sides. Such a process would be useful for making wings of aircrafts, body panels in land transportation, architectural and many other applications. Pritam Poddar is a PhD Candidate in the Industrial and Systems Engineering Department at Rochester Institute of Technology. DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 19

Position Openings

ONTARIO COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS JOB OPENINGS Supervisor, Bureau of Wastewater Management Ontario County is seeking applicants to provide management and overall operational control of three sewer districts and a wastewater treatment plant servicing 4,300 customers in the Canandaigua and Honeoye Lake areas. Oversees a staff of 11 operators, mechanics, maintenance personnel and a junior engineer. The supervisor works closely with the Deputy Commissioner of Public Works in development review, establishing the Capital Improvement Program and administering same. Salary: Range starts at $77,911 per year Qualifications: Natural Sciences or engineering degree and related experience in wastewater systems with supervisory experience

Civil Engineer Ontario County seeks applicants to plan, design and monitor field work for the construction of roadway, bridge, and drainage projects for the maintenance and improvements of the County’s transportation system. Manage and administer federal and state aid projects, including consultant selection and oversight. Provide technical supervision over junior engineers and aides. Reports directly to the engineering group leader. Salary: Range starts at $75,067

Qualifications: Bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, civil/construction technology plus two years relevant experience. Possession of a NCEES Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) certificate within 1 year of appointment.

In addition to yearly step salary increases, the County offers a competitive benefit package and retirement planning options. For both of these positions refer to the job specifications available on the Ontario County website at the Human Resources page. Submit a Civil Service application directly to the Department of Human Resources. Permanent appointment pending successful completion of a civil service exam, to be held at a later date. 20 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

position openings


Position Openings


CONTINUOUS RECRUITMENT The New York State Department of Transportation is continuously recruiting engineering candidates at all levels, entry level through Team Leader. To apply, visit the New York State Department of Civil Service website at https://, select Engineering Positions, specifically Civil/Transportation Exam Series, which includes Engineer Trainee, Assistant Engineer, and Professional Engineer 1. For general inquiries, please email

position openings

Save the Dates 118th RES Annual Gala Saturday, April 18, 2020

Rochester Riverside Convention Center

Annual Engineering Symposium in Rochester Tuesday, April 28, 2019

Rochester Riverside Convention Center

Additional details will be posted on the RES website:


Go to the RES Web Site for Updated Details On All Meetings -

Continuing Monday, December 9

Education Opportunities

American Society for Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) p 42 Gas-Phase Air Filtration for Cannabis Grow Houses 1 PDH Credit Pending

Speaker: Mitchell Goss Cost: $25 per person Place: City Grill, 384 East Avenue, Rochester, NY 14607 Time: 12:00 Noon, Lunch Buffet. Presentation starts approx. 12:30 pm Reservations: Reservations on the website at

Wednesday, December 18

American Society of Plumbing Engineers (ASPE)

p 40

Understanding Natural Gas Regulators and Meters 1 PDH Credit Approval Pending

Speaker: Ross McManus, McManus Gas Place: Valicia’s Ristorante, 2155 Long Pond Road, Rochester, NY 14606 (just north of Route 31, Gates) Time: 12:00 noon to 1:30 pm (please arrive by 11:50 am). Cost: $20 (member or guest), check or cash at door. Reservations: Reservations by December 13th to Dave Jereckos (585-341-3168), or

Support Your Affiliate Attend A Meeting To post continuing education opportunities on this page please contact the Rochester Engineering Society, 585-254-2350, or email:

Engineers’ Calendar

The engineering societies are encouraged to submit their meeting notices for publication in this section. The deadline for submitting copy is the 10th of the month prior to the month of publication. Please email to: The meetings offering PDHs are highlighted in blue. Details about the meeting and affiliate (if in this issue) are on the corresponding page listed next to the affiliate name.

Tuesday, December 3 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) EXCOM Meeting

Wednesday, December 4 American Society p 39 of Civil Engineers (ASCE) ‘Tis the Season…Holiday Happy Hour

p 36

Place: TBD

Place: Rohrbach Beer Hall, 97 Railroad Street (near ROC

Time: 11:50 am to 1:00 pm

Public Market)

Registration links for our events are at:

Time: 5:00 to 9:00 pm


Cost: $10 students; $20 members, $30 nonmembers includes: Appetizers, door prizes, games, and giveaways. Facility tour pending. Pay online via PayPal is preferred.

Support Your Affiliate Attend A Meeting 22 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

Cash or check at the door. Reservations: via Constant Contact invite or by emailing

continuing education calendar | engineers' calendar

e d

Wednesday, December 4 Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) Sports Lighting Design

Wednesday, December 11 p 44 Society for Imaging Science and Technology (IS&T)

p 31

Speaker: Walt Owens, PhD, Mechanical Engineer, Ephesus

RIT Student Projects


Speakers: Adam Burke and Tom Caruso, RIT Students

Place: (NEW LOCATION) Lemoncello, 137 West Commercial

Place: Irondequoit Public Library, 1290 Titus Avenue, Room 216.

Street, East Rochester, NY 14445

Time: 6:00 pm

Time: Noon to 1:00 pm

No meeting reservations are required.

Cost: $30 per person includes lunch. Registration: Register and pay for this event by Friday,

Wednesday, December 18

November 29 on the website at You may also register via email to

American Society of Plumbing Engineers (ASPE)

Understanding Natural Gas Regulators and Meters


p 40

1 PDH Credit pending approval

Monday, December 9

Speaker: Ross McManus, McManus Gas

American Society for Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) p 42

Place: Valicia’s Ristorante, 2155 Long Pond Road, Rochester, NY 14606 (just north of Route 31, Gates)

Gas-Phase Air Filtration for Cannabis Grow Houses

Time: 12:00 noon to 1:30 pm (please arrive by 11:50 am).

1 PDH Credit Pending

Cost: $20 (member or guest), check or cash at door.

Speaker: Mitchell Goss

Reservations: Reservations by December 13th to Dave Jereckos

Cost: $25 per person

(585-341-3168), or

Place: City Grill, 384 East Avenue, Rochester, NY 14607 Time: 12:00 Noon, Lunch Buffet. Presentation starts

Thursday, January 16

approximately 12:30 pm Reservations: Reservations on the website at

International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE)

Introduction to STITCHES

p 35

Speaker: Evan Fortunato, Founding Member, Apogee Research

Wednesday, December 11 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Time: Meetings begin at 6:00 pm to approx. 7:30 pm Reservations: Contact your local host or contact Kevin Devaney with

p 39

any questions or concerns at

Joint Chapters Evening Meeting Place: NextCorps IEEE Website:

Support Your Affiliate Attend A Meeting engineers' calendar

The RES website ( has a calendar of events for this month's meetings and meetings that are received or updated after print deadline. Please refer to the website for updated information. If you wish to be listed in the calendar please send details to DECEMBER 2019 The ROCHESTER ENGINEER | 23

FE Civil Review Course offered by RIT Civil Engineering Technology

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E c c t a

A U r S “ c o fi

T a a t e

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W d c t c o


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What's News How to Capitalize on Gender Diversity in the Workplace by Diana Solt, L3Harris Technologies

Communication. A skill that we begin using from birth. Yet, ironically, a skill that most of us still haven’t mastered. Especially with the opposite sex. Sure, we’ve all had fights with our significant others, but in the workplace, you can’t slam the door and walk away. Ethically.

Tannen calls “Report Talk”. This is a focus on content and demonstration of knowledge about a subject. Men don’t typically share personal feelings but prefer to focus on events, sports, news, and facts. Tannen noticed men use jokes and stories to show status and power in groups (Tannen, 1990).

Ever since women began assimilating into the field of engineering, many companies have turned to scholars to study the most effective ways of communicating across genders. Surprisingly, little headway has been made to bridge the communication gap. In fact, “70% of mistakes in the workplace are a result of poor communication.” (Cole, 1993).


An interesting study by economists from MIT and George Washington University found that offices of equally mixed genders averaged 41% higher revenue over all-male or all-female employees (Ellison and Mullin, 2014). Sara Ellison, lead researcher, references baseball when describing why: “A baseball team entirely composed of catchers could have high esprit de corps,” noting that a band of catchers could share experiences, equipment, or tips for handling knuckleballs, “but it would not perform very well on the field.” The catch? Ellison and Mullin observed that people are more comfortable and happier in homogenous work groups. In other words, men feel at ease around other men and women feel at ease around other women. Therein lies the rub, how can we maintain our job satisfaction while working in diverse engineering teams that have been proven to increase the bottom line? It’s no secret that men and women will always communicate differently. It’s inherent based on our upbringings and roles in society. The key is understanding those differences and, therefore, each-other. Deborah Tannen, professor of linguistics at Georgetown University, has studied at length the two main differences between men and women in conversation.


Women often focus on empathetic relationship building, which Tannen dubs “Rapport Talk”. This method of communication seeks to establish a connection with others instead of proving one’s self, as men do. Women typically share personal feelings and focus on past experiences. In most cases women will avoid using direct or threatening communication in favor of taking turns while talking and not interrupting (Tannen, 1990).


• Make expectations clear (focus on specific tasks and firm dates) o For Example: “It would be helpful if you could run the analysis by Friday so I can focus on responding to the customer’s questions.” • Clarify whether you are venting vs. looking for a solution o For Example: “I’m having an issue on a project, but I just need to vent, can you listen?” • Eliminate subconscious cues that indicate submission o For Example: Poor posture and down cast eyes


Men, on the other hand, are typically direct in their discussions, which what's news

• Offer supportive feedback frequently o For Example: “Your input on the last design review was excellent, it brought to light several questions that I hadn’t thought of. Thank you.” • Share personal stories o For Example: “When I first interviewed with this company I wasn’t offered the position, but I’ve been here seven years now. Just goes to show you that you can succeed where you once thought you couldn’t.” • Reduce patronizing by not expressing ideas as absolutes, be open to other ideas o For Example: “I believe there are other ways we can solve this problem, does anyone have any other opinions on the matter?” It’s rewarding to feel understood, especially considering the different interests and motivations that drive men and women. True teamwork means all team members being open to new ideas, giving and receiving constructive criticism, and recognizing that each gender has a communication preference. Without the ability to understand each-other clearly, we stifle productivity and ultimately company growth. This isn’t to say that females should adopt the male way of communicating or vice versa, however there’s strong financial benefits to bridging the gap between our communication styles. Beginning with the tips above we can be better engineers, significant others, and people. Sources: Cole, Kris. (1993). Crystal Clear Communication: Skills for Understanding and Being Understood. Australia: Prentice Hall. Ellison, Sara Fisher and Mullin, Wallace P. (2014). Diversity, Social Goods Provision, and Performance in the Firm. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 23(2), 465-481 Mohindra, Vinita. (2012). Gender Communication: A Comparative Analysis of Communicational Approaches of Men and Women at Workplaces. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2. 18-27. Tannen, D. (1990). You just don't understand: Women and men in conversation. New York, NY: Morrow. About the Author Diana Solt is in Strategy Development at L3Harris Technologies She is also a graduate of the Communication and Media Technology Master’s program and Rochester Institute of Technology.


News From Professional Firms Bergmann News

Bergmann Adds Binghamton, New York Office National architecture, engineering and planning firm Bergmann has opened its 15th office nationwide in Binghamton, New York. The firm is an anchor tenant in the Koffman Southern Tier Incubator, an immersive ecosystem representing the future of Binghamton’s economy in the heart of the city (120 Hawley Street). “Bergmann has served Greater Binghamton for more than thirty years with design and planning projects throughout the region,” said, Andy Raus, senior vice president, Bergmann. “During this time of economic evolution for the area, we’re excited to establish an office in Binghamton, especially in a space as energetic, innovative and entrepreneurial as the Koffman Southern Tier Incubator.” The Binghamton office joins five other Bergmann locations in New York state: Albany, Buffalo, Horseheads, Rochester (the firm’s headquarters) and Syracuse. Bergmann’s recent projects in the Binghamton region include: the Endicott Johnson Brownfield Opportunity, the Village of Endicott iDistrict Revitialization Strategy and the Greater Binghamton Fund. Bergmann is actively hiring urban planners and civil engineers to join the Binghamton office. If interested, please apply at q

CPL News

Architecture-Engineering Firm Expands to Pittsburgh, PA Opening Its Sixteenth Office via Acquisition The architecture, engineering and planning firm, CPL, has expanded its footprint to include Pittsburgh, PA with the acquisition of Image Associates, Inc. The new Pittsburgh location brings CPL’s total staff level to 440 team members and represents CPL’s sixteenth office (first in PA) including Albany, NY; Binghamton, NY; Buffalo, NY; Charlotte, NC; Hudson, NY; Jamestown, NY; Newburgh, NY; Olean, NY; Poughkeepsie, NY; Raleigh, NC; Greensboro, NC; Greenville, SC; Pittsburgh, PA; Rochester, NY; Suwanee, GA and Woodstock, GA. CPL’s design professionals presently serve the healthcare, higher education, k12, corporate, municipal and transportation sectors. Image Associates’ Principals, Craig Allen, AIA and Thomas Teti, AIA, founded the practice in 1986 and grew it into a well-respected architectural design firm serving regional clients in the healthcare, corporate and commercial sectors. The two firms’ service offerings are complementary both featuring award winning project portfolios. CPL and Image Associates have been industry leaders in their respective service sectors and will now combine forces to continue serving clients in Pennsylvania and beyond. Image Associates’ clients will benefit from deepened discipline bench strength and expanded in-house design expertise including 3D / mixed reality design, interior design, MEP engineering, structural engineering, civil engineering, planning and landscape 26 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

architecture. Image Associates and CPL share several common clients making for a seamless transition in integrating ongoing project work. It is anticipated that several additional staff members will be added to the Pittsburgh location over the next year. Some of CPL’s notable projects include the design of the new $260 million Sands-Constellation Center for Critical Care tower addition for the Rochester Regional Health System (Rochester, NY); the $20 million UPMC Chautauqua Hospital Expansion (Jamestown, NY); a pharmacy renovation at UPMC Mercy Hospital (Pittsburgh, PA); A new $40 atrium/main entrance for Erie County Medical Center (Buffalo, NY); the $57 million Seneca Park Zoo Expansion (Rochester, NY); and the new $50 million National Comedy Center (Jamestown, NY). In western Pennsylvania, Image Associates most prominent project experience includes work in virtually every sector of Healthcare Design. From Hospital Master Planning and Renovation to Diagnostic Imaging Suites, to Emergency Departments, to Pharmacies, to Behavioral Health Facilities, to Senior Living Facilities, to Adult Daycare Centers, to Outpatient Care Facilities, to Cancer Treatment Centers and Medical Office Buildings. Image has successfully completed state of the art facilities in all of the Healthcare Design Sectors – never forgetting their promise to clients to always listen and respond to every need. q news from professional firms

Passero News

The New Henrietta Public Library Wins Gold - ACEC New York 2020 Engineering Excellence Awards The recently completed new Henrietta Public Library, the latest addition to the Town Campus on Calkins Road in the Town of Henrietta, has been recognized with a Gold Award in the ACEC New York 2020 Engineering Excellence Awards. Project Team Passero Associates provided architectural and engineering design services for the construction of a two story, 36,000 SF library for the Town of Henrietta. The new building replaces an aging facility which, due to site restraints and cost implications, was not feasible to renovate and expand. The new Library is more than double in size of the former, providing much needed space for expanding book collections, computer access, and meeting spaces of varied size. EC4B Engineering provided mechanical, electrical, and plumbing engineering services, and Vargas Associates provided interior design and move management services. The Town’s own engineers completed the site design. Christa Construction served as the construction manager for the project. The prime contractors included Javen Construction, DiPasquale Construction Inc., Ramar Steel, Kaplan-Schmidt Electric, T. Bell Construction, and Thurston Dudek.

Functional and Community-Centered Design

Light, transparency, and sight lines are overarching themes seen throughout the design. Where the previous library was dark and inwardly focused, the new library provides ample daylighting and a connection to the outdoors with large windows at the perimeter and skylights on the second floor. A large grand stair, made of cast-in-place concrete, in the center of the space provides a visual connection between the first and second floors and the skylight above brings daylight into the interior of the building on both levels. The use of glass railings in this area almost disappear, increasing the news from professional firms

transparency and light. This connection also creates a greater area of visibility for the library staff, providing a critical component of safety and security. The four circulation and reference desks, two on each floor, provide sight lines to nearly every corner of the library. Glass walls surround the meeting rooms, quiet room, and teen library, sharing both light and a visual connection between these spaces. Lower bookshelves are also used throughout the project. During the design phase, numerous public hearings were held where comments and ideas were heard by the design team and incorporated into the building. The value of incorporating public input was proven during the funding referendum process, where the voters overwhelmingly approved the new library. Once the project was approved by the public, there was significant collaboration between engineering professionals to finalize the design. Passero Associates worked directly with the Town of Henrietta Engineers to coordinate the civil / site design and the building systems, which included an elaborate geothermal building heating and cooling system under the parking lot. The design team also worked with Rochester Institute of Technology – a leading engineering and technology university – to host their annual industrial design competition in association with the new library. The winning end result was a sculptural installation of a “tree” playhouse in the children’s library that was designed and constructed by the industrial design students. The American Council of Engineering Companies of New York has announced the winners of the 2020 Engineering Excellence Awards. In total, 139 projects will be honored at the 53rd Annual Engineering Excellence Awards Gala, which will take place at the Hilton Midtown

in New York City on April 4, 2020. This event is co-sponsored by the ACEC New York Scholarship Fund, and in conjunction with the Gala, our scholarship program will award more than $50,000 to NYS engineering students. q


News From Professional Firms CHA News

Daedalus Projects & JBS Project Management Are Now CHA CHA Expands Service Suite with Full Integration of Recent Acquisitions CHA Consulting, Inc. (CHA), a highly diversified, full-service consulting engineering firm, announces its recent acquisitions, Daedalus Projects and JBS Project Management, are now fully integrated into CHA. This integration bolsters CHA’s one-stop-shop suite of services to include project management and cost estimating and provides unified solutions to clients under one brand.

“Bringing our project management and cost estimating services under the CHA brand reaffirms our aspiration to elate our clients by offering them a truly one-stopshop for design, engineering and project management,” said Michael Carroll, CHA President and CEO. “We have integrated our teams and service portfolio under a stronger, united brand as we continue to responsibly improve the world we live in.”

Daedalus Projects in Boston, MA, was acquired by CHA in March 2019 followed by JBS Project Management, located in New York City, in July 2019. Both firms have decades of experience in project management. Daedalus has traditionally focused on education and municipal construction in Massachusetts for a wide variety of building types while JBS’s project and construction management expertise and experience is primarily in the commercial, residential and hospitality markets.

“The complete integration and rebranding of these two market leading project management firms as CHA aligns with our strategic approach to providing clients with fully integrated solutions and seamless delivery of services,” said Chief Strategy Officer Jim Stephenson. “The integration further supports our approach to serving clients with extensive resources and consistent delivery from across the enterprise and throughout the firm’s entire geographic footprint.” q

Professional Firms Employee News CHA News

CHA Announces New Staff in Albany and Jason Hollander Joins CHA as Assistant Project Engineer CHA Consulting, Inc. (CHA) announced three new employees have joined the company. Caroline Hurlburt has joined the firm as a scientist. Caroline is a former health and safety intern returning to the firm full time. She received her B.A. in geological sciences from the State University of New York at Geneseo. Christopher Hourigan has joined the firm as an assistant engineer providing geotechnical engineering assistance. He graduated from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with his BS in civil engineering. James Littlefield has joined the firm as a senior construction estimator. James has more than 35 years of experience as a project manager and estimator. He has assisted with estimating, project controls, scheduling and management, program and project life cycle budgets, scoping, and change management for construction, substation and transmission/distribution projects. He is an M.S. candidate in construction management at Columbia University Jason Hollander has joined the firm as an assistant project engineer. Jason has five years of electrical engineering experience and is skilled in creating drawings and diagrams. He has overseen component layout drawings, wiring diagrams, interconnection diagrams, wire markers spreadsheets, and component identification labels spreadsheets. He received his B.S. in electrical engineering from Clarkson University. q

Jason Hollander 28 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

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Bergmann News

Stacy Lake Joins Bergmann as Corporate Communications Manager National architecture, engineering and planning firm Bergmann has added Stacy Lake as corporate communications manager. Based in Rochester, , Lake oversees external corporate marketing and internal communications across all regions and disciplines. She will focus on strategic planning and partner with the firm’s various Jason Hollander disciplines and human resources on aspects of marketing and communications that create opportunities for employee engagement. Lake brings more than 15 years of multi-industry

marketing, communications and employee engagement consulting experience to the firm. She most recently was a client success manager at Reward Gateway (formerly Brand Integrity), helping her accounts achieve employee engagement goals by developing communications plans, providing coaching services to executive and managers, and planning and implementing employee engagement, culture and customer experience survey programs. Lake earned her bachelor’s in marketing and her MBA from Rochester Institute of Technology’s (RIT) Saunders College of Business. She currently serves as a mentor at the college as well as a co-chair on the RIT Saunders College alumni advisory board. q

Bergmann Promotes Andrew Raus to Senior Vice President Bergmann also announced the promotion of Andrew Raus to senior vice president. A member of the executive leadership team, Raus Jason Hollander has served as vice president of the Northeast Buildings team since 2016 and assumed management of the firm’s Atlantic Buildings Region earlier this year. In his new role,

Raus will continue to oversee both groups as well as take on additional corporatewide responsibilities. “Andrew has been instrumental in developing a successful Northeast Buildings team that delivers quality projects to our clients and helping our Atlantic Region focus on strategy and operational excellence,” said Pietro (Pete) Giovenco, PE, president and CEO, Bergmann. “His leadership of these two groups exemplifies Andrew’s proven track record of building strong teams that deliver results.

The firm and our clients will benefit from Andrew’s strategic approach to planning and implementation as he takes on an expanded role as Senior Vice President.” A 13-year employee of Bergmann, Raus started the company’s Planning Group, which evolved into Planning + Design and has been an integral part of the firm's growth. He went on to oversee the Geographic Information Systems, Survey and Land Development division and also served as the firm’s director of strategic planning and marketing. q

Popli Design Group News

Popli Design Group Welcomes Two to Building Design Group Popli Design Group (PDG) announced the hiring of Michael Short, AIA, LEED AP, and Michael Ferreri to their growing Building Design Group.

Michael Short, AIA

Michael Short, AIA, LEED AP, has joined as the vice president of Building Design Services. He comes to the firm with 19 years of experience in project management, design, and construction. His experience will bring additional support and guidance to the building design

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group. He earned his bachelor of science in architecture from the University at Buffalo. Michael Ferreri joined the architectural team as a project manager. He comes to the firm with 20 years of experience in project management and architectural design. He earned his degree from Alfred State. q Michael Ferreri


Professional Firms Employee News Greenman-Pedersen News

GPI Welcomes New Hires in Western New York Greenman-Pedersen, Inc. announced the addition of key staff to our Western New York branch offices.

David Askinazi, PE

Timothy Coyle, PE

Elizabeth Hart, EIT

David Askinazi, PE is a senior civil engineer with 30 years of experience in the management, planning, design, and construction of transportation projects throughout the region. His current focus is in the LDSA arena, where he has successfully managed a several federally-funded projects across the region including full depth road reconstruction and alignment, traffic signal design and analysis, roundabout design and analysis, underground utility installation and relocation, guiderail installation, and staged traffic control. Dave brings his expertise to GPI’s Rochester office offering project management to counties, towns and villages in NYSDOT Regions 4, 5 and 6. Timothy Coyle, PE joins us as chief engineer - bridges across our Western New York operations. Tim will oversee a staff of transportation engineers with a focus on maintaining the firm’s strong footing in providing quality bridge and transportation infrastructure services across the region. A licensed Professional Engineer with a BS in civil engineering from the University at Buffalo, Tim brings 20 years of experience as a structural engineer specializing in the design and rehabilitation of bridge structures. Over the past 6 years has managed a multi-million-dollar three-phase project which included approach widening and deck replacement on the Peace Bridge. Tim is based in the City of Buffalo office, where he will head up our larger bridge market. Elizabeth Hartz, EIT. is an environmental engineer with 5 years of experience specializing in storm regulation. She provides a broad skill set to the firm's management team including plan review, stormwater quality and quantity assessment, collecting and analyzing complex data, as well as organizing and documenting inspections. Beth holds a BS from Clarkson University and has NYSDEC certification for Erosion and Sediment Control. She brings her expertise to the firm’s wide range of both public and private engineering clients, where she will collaborate on projects across the region. Beth is based in the Buffalo office. q

Beardsley Architects + Engineers News Bracken Joins Firm and McCarthy Named Principal

Beardsley Architects + Engineers announced that Jared M. Bracken, R.A., has joined the firm as senior architect.

Jared M. Braken, RA

Mr. Bracken comes to the firm by way of Salt Lake City, UT, where he served as project architect for multi-family residential, institutional, educational, commercial, and civic clients. With more than 14 years of experience, Mr. Bracken brings a well-rounded skill set gained from working on a diverse portfolio of projects.

Beardsley also announced that Dennis G. McCarthy, P.E., LEED AP BD+C, has been named a Principal of 30 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

the firm. Mr. McCarthy is a New York State licensed engineer with a degree in electrical and computer engineering from Clarkson University. Mr. McCarthy joined the firm in 1993 as an electrical engineer and quickly rose to become a highly valued member of the Beardsley team. As Principal, Mr. McCarthy will utilize his knowledge and strong leadership skills to help the firm grow and will continue to help our clients be successful in their endeavors. In Dennis McCarthy, PE addition to his role as Principal, he serves as a project manager for Federal clients and oversees the firm's building systems team. q professional firms employee news

C&S Companies News

Napoli Joins C&S as Managing Architect C&S Companies announced the hiring of Richard Napoli as managing architect for the Rochester office. Richard has 34 years of architecture/interior design experience in many building types including higher education, corporate, commercial/retail, food service, senior living, and mixed-use. His focus will be to expand C&S’s architectural design services in Rochester and Western New York. q Richard Napoli

HUNT Architects and Engineers News

Hunt Architects and Engineers Announces Four New Hires HUNT Architects and Engineers got a recent shot in the arm with the addition of Daniel Clark, PE to its structural design team. An Alfred State and Rochester Institute of Technology graduate, with degrees in construction and civil engineering respectively, Clark specializes in bridge and highway design. Those abilities have seen him develop a lengthy list of design and project management projects in Clinton, Jefferson, and St. Lawrence Counties. Since joining the firm his influence has already been felt at Yates and Allegany County sites.

Daniel Clark, PE

Mark Chiovarelli

Mikalya Elliott

Velma Edwards

A member of both the Association for Bridge Construction and Design and the NYS Association of Transportation Engineers, Dan has asserted that those memberships “have been great vehicles for professional development and expanding ties to the engineering and municipal project management community”. HUNT also announced the following new hires: Mark Chiovarelli, a water/ wastewater engineer; Mikalya Elliott, an architectural designer; and, Velma Edwards, accounting. q

DiMarco Group News

DiMarco Group Welcomes Hire to Leadership Team DiMarco Group announced an addition to its leadership team: Mark Scheuerman as general counsel. He will provide strategic planning advice and legal counsel to management and staff in support of the company’s business objectives and initiatives.

“We’re happy to welcome someone with Mark’s experience to our leadership team,” President and Chief Operating Officer John DiMarco II said. “Mark’s proven experience as a general counsel will be invaluable to DiMarco Group’s strategic initiatives. I know his leadership will play an important role in guiding our continued success as a company.”

Scheuerman brings to the position more than 30 years of extensive experience as a general counsel, including work with civil Scheuerman earned his bachelor’s degree construction, engineering, manufacturing and from Niagara University and his Juris Doctor Mark Scheuerman energy production companies. Most recently, from Syracuse University College of Law. he served as vice president and general Outside of the office, he is active in the New counsel for The DDS Companies Inc. His prior work also York State Golf Association as an on-course rules official includes leadership positions with Talisman Energy USA and a tournament committee member. q Inc. professional firms employee news


Professional Firms Employee News Passero News

Passero Associates Welcomes Senior Structural Engineer Passero welcomes Patrick Williams, PE, SE, who joins the associates structural department as department manager and senior structural engineer. Patrick comes to the firm from AECOM where he was responsible for the design of low to mid-rise structures for Federal and local government, healthcare, and higher education facilities within the United States and abroad. In his position prior to working at AECOM, he was responsible for the design of senior living facilities, multi-family housing, and facilities in all other previously mentioned markets

Patrick Williams, PE

He has been involved in new construction, renovations and the retrofit of existing structures within multi-hazard

regions such as high-seismic, high-wind velocity, floodplain, and coastal surge environments. In addition to design service experience, Patrick also brings structural consulting experience in providing building condition assessments, seismic evaluations and failure/forensic investigations. He holds a BS degree in civil engineering from Old Dominion University in Norfolk, VA, and is professionally licensed in New York, Virginia, and Nevada.

Patrick brings this experience to Passero as he joins his team members, Senior Structural Engineer Jayce Grefrath, PE, and Structural Engineer Chase LeBrun, in providing clients with outstanding structural engineering services. q

MRB News

Connor Hartnett Joins MRB Group's SmarterLocalGov Team

Connor Hartnett

Connor Hartnett, economic research analyst, has joined MRB Group’s SmarterLocalGov municipal services team. President Ryan Colvin, PE, recently announced that Hartnett will be based in the firm’s Saratoga Springs, NY, office, but will be working extensively with teams across the State and in Central Texas, to support local government leaders in strategic planning for community growth and economic development.

Hartnett will provide economic research for a variety of projects, including real estate and industry market analysis, development feasibility studies, economic and fiscal impact analysis, and economic and workforce development strategies. He will also participate in implementation work such as grant writing, program administration, and assisting in SmarterLocalGov roundtables and educational forums. The initiative also fosters professional development opportunities for municipal leaders and professionals. According to Colvin, Hartnett’s focus will be to analyze and interpret economic and financial data in the context of community growth and development. “Connor’s expertise will provide the firm’s municipal leaders with robust and reliable information to make sound 32 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

decisions,” Colvin said. “Connor’s master of science degree from the University of Leeds, England, will prove useful in bringing in both a micro- and macro-level understanding of economics to our work,” said Michael N’dolo, chief economic development expert. “It’s also great to know that Connor, as a native of Utica, has a firm foundation in the reality of the economic framework in Upstate New York,” N’dolo stated. A graduate of Siena College in Albany, Connor earned his bachelor of arts in economics, with a minor in business and a certificate in Pre-Law. He then attended the University of Leeds, receiving a master of science in economics. He has earned distinctions in the fields of macroeconomics, microeconomics, global economic coordination and governance. “We’re confident that he will be a strong contributor to the firm's team of economic development specialists. They support our client communities, providing much-needed resources in today’s challenging and competitive municipal climate,” Colvin continued. “Local governments must do everything they can to compete for business and development that will help their communities thrive,” he concluded. q

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Rochester Chapter

Society for Imaging Science and Technology Website:

Our meeting locations have changed and additional details will be available monthly. The December meeting is in Room 216 at the Irondequoit Public Library at 6:00 p.m. No meeting reservations are required.

Meeting Schedule: December 11, 2019 - RIT Student Projects Venue ideas requested - we are soliciting input regarding other possible venues for our meetings.

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

RIT Student Projects by Adam Burke and Tom Caruso

Adam Burke Capstone Abstract: With the increase in cloud computing, virtual workspace implementations are becoming more common in the media industry. However, the effects of latency between public cloud servers and the client machines on user experience have not been investigated thoroughly. This can be particularly critical for media applications such as animation, VFX, and gaming. Adam Burk Biography: Adam is a senior at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). He is currently working towards a bachelor of science in Motion Picture Science (MPS). Adam has interned at both Fidelity Investments, as a software engineer, (2018) and at Warner Bros. in the Emerging Technology division (2019). While in school Adam is the student director of production for RIT Sports Zone. This group works to broadcast RIT’s NCAA, Division 1 hockey games in addition to streaming other RIT athletic events. Additionally, he works as the technical director for the RIT School of Film and Animation’s student run organization, which is responsible for planning and executing the end of semester academic screenings. As part of this, he also assists the Rochester International Film Festival in collecting submissions. For the 2019-2020 school year, Adam has been elected vice president of the RIT Student SMPTE chapter which will conclude his four years as a participating student-member. He also received the Louis F. Wolf Jr. Memorial Scholarship from SMPTE. As an Eagle Scout with eleven years in the scouting program, he volunteers as a merit badge counselor and has worked with the current scouts to earn the Movie Making merit badge. is&t news

Tom Caruso Capstone Abstract: The manner in which we all watch content is evolving. In addition to the traditional cinema environment, consumers are viewing much more content in home theaters, living rooms and even on mobile devices as online streaming services have developed. Because surround lighting environments rarely match the recommended HDTV mastering standard, it is difficult to guarantee correct color appearance on consumer displays. A possible solution is to use on-board optical sensors to estimate surrounding ambient chromaticity, and adjust the display white point to compensate for chromatic adaptation of the observer. This project will test the feasibility of estimating surround correlated color temperature with existing RGB cameras and examine whether or not viewers prefer these white point adjusted images. Tom Caruso Biography: Tom Caruso is a senior in the Motion Picture Science (BS.) program at RIT, and the current president of RIT's student chapter of the Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineers. Tom has volunteered on a number of thesis film productions in RIT's School of Film & Animation, while also being a member of the Imaging Science Club at the Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science. In this way, RIT has allowed him to combine his passions for filmmaking, photography, engineering and science to focus on starting a career in post production and color management.


Monroe Professional Engineers Society A Chapter of the New York State Society of Professional Engineers 657 East Avenue, Rochestter, New York 14607 Dedicated to Professionalism in Engineering in the Interest of Public Safety and Welfare 2018-19 Officers: President Chris Kambar, PE, President-elect Arthur Reardon, PE, Vice-President Scott Wolcott, PE, Secretary Martin Gordon, PE, Treasurer Michael Ritchie, PE, Membership Chair Arthur Reardon, PE Past Presidents: David Roberts, PE, Chris Devries, PE Directors: Barry Dumbauld, PE, Robert Winans, PE, Joseph Dombrowski, PE, Jim Drago, PE, Neal Illenberg, PE, Douglas R. Strang Jr., PE

Nominations open for Honor Award

NSPE Honor Awards promote the professional engineer’s contributions to society and recognize the achievements of the profession’s very best. Nominations for the 2020 awards are due by January 31st. > NSPE Award - > Young Engineer of the Year Award - > Distinguished Service Award - Learn more about all of NSPE's awards. -

NASA women who inspired 'Hidden Figures' to get Congressional gold medals CNN Four African American women known as the "Hidden Figures" who worked at NASA during the Space Race are being awarded Congressional Gold Medals, the highest civilian award in the U.S. President Donald Trump signed into law the Hidden Figures Congressional Gold Medal Act, awarding engineers Christine Darden and Mary Jackson, as well as mathematician Katherine Johnson and computer programmer Dorothy Vaughan, Congressional Gold Medals. READ MORE - us/hidden-figures-congressional-medals-trnd/index.html

How do engineers balance risk and beauty in design? NPR As a bridge designer, Ian Firth is responsible for building safe, reliable bridges. But he also manages the risk involved with designing bridges that are beautiful — not just functional. READ MORE -

'Jury is still out' on P3s for big construction projects Construction DIVE Panelists at a Design-Build Conference & Expo 2019 presentation on public-private partnerships didn’t pull any punches about the risks involved with the delivery method that some industry heavyweights have become skeptical of. "Sometimes when a [public-private partnership] project isn't totally synched up and there's not total harmony between the players, that can result in issues," said Joe Wingerter, vice president of project development at Kiewit, adding that some of the expectations around P3s' ability to deliver a better product more quickly have not yet been proven. "I think so far the jury is out on whether the data supports that there's a higher quality product in a P3 than in a traditional design-build project," he said. READ MORE - https:// As always, we encourage active membership in the Monroe Professional Engineers Society. We are constantly striving to improve your membership but we always need more help. If you are interested in becoming an active member or have any questions, please email me at or contact MPES through our website at

Christopher V. Kambar, President, MPES 34 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

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President/Education Chair: JENNIFER WENGENDER, P.E., CPD CPL 205 St Paul Blvd Rochester, NY 14604 585-454-7600 Vice President Technical: DAVE JERECKOS IBC Engineering, PC 3445 Winton Place, Suite 219 Rochester, NY 14623 585-292-1590 Vice President Legislative: DAVID MYERS LaBella Associates, PC 300 State Street, Suite 201 Rochester, NY 14614 585-454-6110 Vice President Membership:/AYP TRAVIS JESSICK Dave Gooding Inc. 173 Spark Street Brockton, MA 02302 585-794-8845 Treasurer: ALAN SMITH, P.E. IBC Engineering, PC 3445 Winton Place, Suite 219 Rochester, NY 14623 585-292-1590 Administrative Secretary: ADAM KRAMER IBC Engineering, PC 3445 Winton Place, Suite 219 Rochester, NY 14623 585-292-1590 Affiliate Liaison:/AYP PHILIP MURPHY Newsletter Editor: CHRIS WOLAK Victaulic Fairport, NY 14450 484-350-1954

President's Message

I’ve updated our photo at the top with one taken by our VP Legislative Dave Myers. Recently ASPE asked each chapter to send a photo representing our City/Region. We had a few great shots taken by our board members, but I thought this was a great view of Rochester with the falls and a rainbow. It reminds me that I need to get out and enjoy the sights more often! Soon the area will be covered in snow and ice, but that’s also one of the great things about our region. We continue to get a full house at our monthly lunch meetings. I’m glad everyone is taking advantage of the opportunity to get educated while having a great meal and time to chat with peers in the industry. Enjoy the holiday’s with your family and friends. Jennifer Wengender, P.E., CPD Rochester Chapter President

Meeting Notice – Save the Date Topic: Understanding Natural Gas Regulators and Meters Speaker: Ross McManus, McManus Gas Date:

Wednesday, December 18, 2019


12:00 noon – 1:30 p.m. (please arrive by 11:50 am)


Valicia’s Ristorante, 2155 Long Pond Rd., Rochester 14606 (just north of Route 31, Gates)

Credits: 1 PDH - pending approval Cost:

$20.00 (member or guest), check or cash at door.

RSVP: To Dave Jereckos (341-3168), or by December 13th (Chapters are not authorized to speak for the Society)


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Rochester Chapter

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers Rochester ASHRAE website: President's Message

Last month’s meeting featured a presentation from an ASHRAE Distinguished Lecturer, Paul Torcellini, PhD. of National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Mr. Torchellini’s presentation, titled “Performance Based Procurement for Outstanding Energy Performance” demonstrated how it is possible for building design teams and owners to construct a zero energy building without adding cost to the design and construction. For November’s meeting we continued with the energy efficiency theme. On Monday, November 18th, Mr. Andrew Krenning of Siemens Industries presented “Total Building Solutions.” This presentation explored various systems and the value of integrating them together in order to provide maximum building performance.


ASHRAE December Meeting - 1 PDH Pending Theme: Resource Promotion


Monday, December 9, 2019


12:00 noon, Lunch Buffet. Presentation starts approximately 12:30 pm


City Grill, 384 East Avenue, Rochester 14607 in Downtown Rochester


$25 per person

Reservations: Reservations at Topic:

Gas-Phase Air Filtration for Cannabis Grow Houses Presented by Mitchell Goss

Our December meeting will be highlighting Resource Promotion, where we would like to thank our 2018/19 donors. We are very thankful to all who donate to ASHRAE Resource Promotion, helping to fund ASHRAE Scholarships and multiple research projects across the country that help drive the content in the handbooks we all rely on. If you are not currently a donor, but would like to be, please contact our committee chairperson, Zac Hess, for details on how you can help support ASHRAE Resource Promotion at Also, please continue to check out our website at www.rochester. for information on upcoming chapter meetings, current officer list and contact information, chapter newsletters, and more! Also take a minute and like us on Facebook by searching for ASHRAE Rochester. Planning for the 2019-2020 ASHRAE calendar year is underway. If anybody has any suggestions for monthly meeting topics or tours please contact our President-elect and Program Chair, Mike Benedict. He can be reached at Tom Streber, PE 2019-2020 ASHRAE President Rochester Chapter 42 | The ROCHESTER ENGINEER DECEMBER 2019

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Affiliated Societies of the Rochester Engineering Society American Consulting Engineering Companies of New York President, David J. Meyer, 585-218-0730 Email: American Public Works Association Monroe County/Genesee Valley Branch Chairman, Peter Vars, PE Email: American Society of Civil Engineers, Rochester Section President, Drazen Gasic, CPSWQ, CPESC, LaBella Associates. 585-402-7005 Email: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Rochester Chapter President, Thomas Streber, PE, tstreber@ Email:

Association For Facilities Engineering, Rochester Chapter President, Matt Knights, Constellation Brands, Inc. Email: Electrical Association Executive Director, Karen Lynch Email: President, Russ Corcoran, Landmark Electric, 585-359-0800. Email: Genesee Valley Land Surveyors Association President, Jared R. Ransom, LS 585-737-6881 Email: Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Inc., Rochester Section President, Dan Rusnack Email:

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Rochester Section Chairman, Steven Ivancic, University of Rochester

Imaging Science & Technology, Rochester Chapter President, Bruce Pillman, 585-748-6006 Email:

American Society of Plumbing Engineers, Rochester New York Chapter President, Jennifer Wengender, PE, CPD, Clark Patterson Lee, 205 St. Paul Blvd., Rochester, NY 14604. 585-454-7600. Email:

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Rochester Section Chairman, Sreeram Dhurjaty Email:

Alfred Steele Scholarship available to ASPE members and their immediate family. Applications due in January each year. Details at https://www.

Association for Bridge Construction and Design President, William Rugg, PE Greenman-Pedersen, Inc. Email:

Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, Rochester Chapter President, Poojith Kalluru, Alstom Email: International Council on Systems Engineering, Finger Lakes Chapter President, Jack Riley Email:

Monroe Professional Engineers Society President, Chris Kambar, PE Email: New York State Association of Transportation Engineers, Section 4 President, Howard R. Ressel, 585-371-9280. Email: NYSATE has scholarships available for dependents of members who are or plan to enroll in a postsecondary university of accredited business or vocational school (undergraduate only). Some members may also be eligible. Information will be posed in the early spring at

New York Water Environment Association Inc., Genesee Valley Chapter ( President, Bill Davis, 585-381-9250 Email: Sheet Metal & Air-Conditioning Contractor’s National Association-Rochester, Inc. Executive Director, Aaron Hilger 585-586-8030. Email: Society of Plastics Engineers, Rochester Section President, Brett Blaisdell Email: Society of Women Engineers President, Marca J. Lam, RIT Email: Terra Rochester Finger Lakes Science & Engineering Fair Director, Mary Eileen Wood, 315-422-2902 Website: Awards and scholarships available. Visit the website for details.

Corporate Members of the Rochester Engineering Society Bergmann (Enterprise) BME Associates CHA Consulting (Champion) Clark Patterson Lee Erdman Anthony Associates Greater Rochester Chamber of Commerce (RBA) Champion) Greenman-Pedersen, Inc.

Hunt Engineers, Architects & Land Surveyors, Inc.

Rochester Institute of Technology, Kate Gleason College of Engineering

IBC Engineering, PC (Champion)


Kistner Concrete Products Inc.

TY-LIN International (Champion)

M/E Engineering, PC (Enterprise)

VJ Stanley

MRB Group (Champion) Optimation Technology, Inc.

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Call for Nominations Rochester Engineering Society 2019 Engineer of the Year 2019 Kate Gleason Young Engineer of the Year and 2019 Engineers of Distinction Forms at Preliminary Nominations due Monday, December 9th

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