Vol. 10 Issue 2 - Spring 2018
Flyball Mouthy Dogs Distemper Spring Reference
“Panda, Tippi & Inca”
Pooch Palooza Dog Festival Schedule Inside
Flyball, Air Dogs, Discdogathon, Lure Chase, & More !
nnu 7th a
Run For The Animals Sunday, April 15, 2018 Historic Onancock School
Top raffle prizes this year include: A hang gliding session from Va Hang Gliding A scenic plane ride from by Eastern Shore Aviation
You choose: Half Marathon (13.1 m) 10K (6.2 m) 5K (3.1 m- non-comp. run/walk). Early entry fee is $40 ($50 after March 31). Student fee (must be full time) is $20 ($25 after March 31).
Registration/Check In 6:45 - 7:45 am Pre-Race Meeting 8:00 am Gun Time 8:30 am Awards 11:30 am Luncheon Noon Commemorative event t-shirt, finishing medal, trophy by division and awards for the top fund-raisers.
Proceeds support animal organizations who serve the Eastern Shore
Rain or shine. For more info call 757-999-4999 RunForTheAnimals.com
Delmarva Unleashed Vol. 10 Issue2 Spring 2018
8 10 12 14 16 18 22 28 34
Bark of the Town Spring Reference Pooch Palooza Schedule Flyball Bloat
Mouthy Dogs Your Smart Pup Distemper Doggie Socials
Publisher Sandy Phillips Associate Publisher Farin Phillips Sales Heather Cherrix Edited by Grammerly Contributing Writers Amanda Abresch, B.S., ABCDT, APDT, CPDT-KA Polly Elliott John Maniatty, V.M.D. Jaclyn Wolinski, D.M.V.
On the Cover:
“Tippi, Inca & Panda, ” Proudly owned by Kristin Farmer of Felton, DE Delmarva Unleashed is published six times a year; Winter, Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer, Fall, and Holiday. It is circulated throughout Maryland’s Lower Shore, Mid Shore and onto Virginia’s Eastern Shore. The magazine can also be found throughout Delaware and is published by Grand Living Magazine, LLC. “Delmarva Unleashed” is protected under trademark registration. No portion of this publication, in whole or part, may be reproduced without written permission from the publisher. Copyright 2018©, Grand Living Magazine, LLC. All rights reserved. Content in Delmarva Unleashed is intended to provide information only and is in no way meant to treat or diagnose. Always consult with a specialty professional to address your own personal needs. The company makes every effort to ensure that all information presented is correct, however, we do not make any representations or warranties as to the accuracy of the information, and reliance on information provided, is solely at your own risk.
Grand Living Magazine announces the expansion of Delmarva Unleashed
s Delmarva Unleashed enters its sixth year as a reputable canine source across the Shore, it continues to experience explosive growth in readership. Now upwards of 220,000 people read "DU" both in print and online. The publication's annual dog festival estimates its 2018 attendance will be between 5000 and 6000 dog people and their canine companions. To meet the growing demand, the canine lifestyle magazine's 40 pages will expand to 72 on its anniversary, (Summer 2018) and the publication that released six times a year will concentrate on four expanded editions; Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter/Holiday. The more developed issues will not only include canine health, nutrition, training, and current news, but regular columns on fashion, grooming, canine tech, travel, books, product review, healthy recipes and more. "It's just time, says Publisher Sandy Phillips. We wanted to be well established before we made the leap in size. We now have many resources to pull from and relationships with national brands, allowing us to introduce new and exciting things on the Shore. We have a great deal planned and are excited about the future." For more on Delmarva Unleashed or to have your business included, call us at 410-726-7334 to learn more about the magazine.
Pooch Palooza Dog Festival April 21 & 22, 2018 Frontier Town Western Theme Park
WOOF! Get Your Advance TICKETS NOW! PoochPalooza.com
Canine Shopping Helio Ball Drop Canine Photo Booth 6 Delmarva Unleashed Spring 2018 Delmarva Unleashed Spring 2018 6 Canine Costume Contest Canine Pie Eating
NEW Games/Contests to play with your dog!
Dock Diving Disc Dogs Lure Chase Flyball Delmarva Unleashed Spring 2018 Delmarva Unleashed Spring 2018 7 Agility Delmarva Unleashed Cover Model Search
INSIDE the Frontier Town Western Theme Park! West Ocean City, Maryland Rain or Shine
2018 Schedule of Events & Misc. Notes •
Event Sign-up Boards will be found near the gate. Sign up early, limited events fill quickly! Highlighted events on the official schedule require sign-up.
Micro Chips $25 Rabies Shots $5 Will be available at the Precious Paws Animal Hospital tent. 3 year vaccines available when you bring proof of current vaccination. Rabies Fees benefit canine charities. Dr. John Maniatty - Event Vet on Property.
Ultimate Air Dogs “Try It” will be held between each Splash. Sign up required, modest fee. Visit their booth for details.
Donations will be accepted at the gate for BVSPCA- Georgetown Shelter. Toys, collars, leashes, food etc...
Lure Chase - presented by Swift Paws, will benefit Brandywine Valley SPCA - Georgetown, DE.
Cover Model search is FREE this year. Backdrops include the Old Mine, Paddleboat, Grist Mill & Barber Shop. Cover release - Spring 2019. Photographed by Get Your Wag On.
Pie Eating ingredients include - Pumpkin, Sweet Potato and Whipped Cream
• • •
Enjoy the new Frontier Town Shooting Gallery and Pan for Gold! Have lunch in the Western Saloon Enjoy breakfast at the Longhorn
Retractable leashes are not permitted!
Skip the line! Get Advance Tickets at PoochPalooza.com
Pooch Palooza April 21 & 22
Times are subject to change, however, activities will not change days! Any schedule changes will appear on our Facebook page at DelmarvaUnleashed! Helio Ball Drop/Tennis Ball Lottery is weather dependent.
Saturday April 21
Sunday April 22
Gates Open Model Search Paddle Boat Canine Photo Booth Opens Ultimate Air Dogs Splash 1
Gates Open Model Search Grist Mill Canine Photo Booth Opens Ultimate Air Dogs Splash 4
10:00 Flyball Demo Kellerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cause 10:30 Fastfetch Qualifier Smart Pups 11:00 Flyball Demo
Flyball Demo Delmarva K9 Kellerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cause No Costume Costume Contest
11:30 Model Search Session 1 Closes Ultimate Air Dogs Splash 2
Model Search Session 3 Closes Ultimate Air Dogs Splash 5
12:00 Helio Ball Drop $2 per chance
Smart Pups Canine Team Work Pie Eating Sm & Lg Dog Team Relay Tower of Temptation Nosework Flyball Demo Model Search Barbershop Ultimate Air Dogs Splash 6
Costume Contest Model Search Old Mine Shaft Flyball Demo
Ultimate Air Dogs Splash 3
FastFetch Cup Invitation Only
Pie Eating Flyball Demo Ultimate Air Dogs Fetch-It Model Search Session 2 Closes Canine Photo Booth Closes
Canine Photo Booth Closes
Ultimate Air Dogs Final Flyball Demo Model Search Session 4 Closes
Bark of the Town
Is that you Ma? Do dogs recognize their mother or litter mates after the liter has disbanded? This was a question posed by Peter Hepper of the School of Psychology at Queens University of Belfast. Hepper placed two females of the same age, breed and outward appearance in crates in an empty room. Then let their off spring enter the room. The puppies naturally gravitated toward the mothers with 84 percent of the pups returning to their biological mother. The assumption was that the pups identified their mother via smell. In the next round of the study, towels and blankets which the motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s had used for a few days, were once again placed in the room. This leg of the experiment yielded a very similar 10
response with again around 84% of the dogs gravitating to the cloth that had their motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s smell. The original study was conducted with puppies whom had not yet left their mother, so the real test came later, when the same scenario was set up with mothers and adult offspring, comprised of pups that had been separated from Mom for more than 2 years. Seventy-six percent of the adult puppies were able to clearly recognize Mom as well as other siblings in the litter. This is in keeping with a typical wolf pack. While the young will go off on their own, they may return to the original pack and will still respect the elders which are often, their parents.
The Ultimate Air Dogs The Ultimate Air Dogs will be joining the line-up at the annual Pooch Palooza Dog Festival this year. While similar to dock diving events of the past, the Air Dogs will bring certified Dock-Diving trainers who will take the dock between "Splash" heats, to help your dog explore the sport. It's an excellent opportunity to get some first-hand advice, from experts, about the sport. Even the kids can get in on the fun as the dogs explore the opportunity!
Homemade Holistic Shampoo As the weather warms there will be lots of baths in your dogs future. Spring tends to be “mud-season” here on the shore and while there are now numerous holistic and all natural shampoos on the market, this is an easy recipe you can make at home. Be sure to purchase quality oils and never apply them directly to your dog. Essential oils can be very strong and even one drop can be an irritant to the skin. Avoid contact with the eyes too. Make your initial batch in a glass jar and once the mixture is complete you can transfer it to a plastic bottle, particularly if you want to take it outside.
12 ounces of bottled water 1 tsp. of shredded Castile’s soap 2 drops each of the follow essential oils: Lavender Oil Peppermint Oil Eucalyptus Oil Rosemary Oil Shake your bottle well before each use. Lather your dog with a generous amount and be sure to rinse with lots of clear water.
Cold Shower? Have trouble getting your dog to enjoy those outdoor spring-time baths? Remember that groundwater is still quite cold from Winter and won’t warm until we have had several successive days of “hot” weather. If heading to the groomer or an inside dog wash station is not an option, opt for a bucket of warm water when you soap your dog, and a warm bucket or two for rinsing. Your dog will be very grateful to not have to endure a cold bath, making the next time easier for both of you! 12
The Skinny on Weeds Weeds will be making the scene in just weeks. You may already have seen them peaking out with this crazy Eastern Shore weather. It's best to get a jump on them before they take over the lawn and driveway, but remember that those areas are places your children and dogs frequent as the weather warms. Herbicides with glyphosate have been a cancer suspect for years. Our dogs can absorb the product through their pads, putting them at risk. While the label says to keep pets off until dry, there is still the question about the ability to absorb the product after a morning dew or other times when the chemical becomes damp. The best way to avoid the potential threat to your dog is to look for a holistic alternative or "pet-friendly" products that are beginning to emerge on the market. To find a useful product available for plants in your area, talk to your local garden center.
Holistic Flea & Tick Spray Looking for an alternative to “spot-on” treatments? Try this holistic preparation. Be sure to spray your dog daily for best results. 2 lemons sliced 1/2 cup of dried Lavender (We found a great selection of modestly priced lavender on Amazon.) 2 cups boiling water Combine all ingredients and let steep for at least 8 hours before use. Strain through a paper towel or cheese cloth and transfer to a spray bottle. Keep refrigerated. So you don’t forget, consider spraying your dog at his morning meal. Delmarva Unleashed
Flyball at Pooch Palooza F
lyball is a relay race between two teams of four dogs. Each dog must jump over four hurdles, retrieve a ball by triggering a "flyball" box pedal and return over the hurdles to the start/finish line. Any dog, regardless of breed, size, or formal training, can participate in the sport of Flyball, although the sport does foster discipline taught in obedience classes. Teams are matched according to skill levels, and they ascend the ranks of the sport as their experience level grows. The sheer excitement and exuberance on the faces of both dogs and handlers makes this fast-paced sport so exciting to watch! The Field There are two racing lanes set up side-by-side with as little as 10 feet between them. Between the lanes, there is a set of drag racing lights waiting to do the countdown for the start of each heat. 16
Flyball Field (1) Each lane is 51 feet in length and consists of 4 hurdles; the first being 6 feet from the start/finish line and the rest at 10-foot intervals. The hurdle height is set 5 inches lower than the shoulder height of the smallest dog on the team (limited to a minimum of 7 inches and a maximum of 14 inches). At the end of the lane is the flyball box with a tennis ball on it. The flyball box is 15 feet from the last hurdle and requires the dog to trigger the box to release the ball. The dog then seamlessly leaps onto the box, catches the ball, turns, and continues back to the start/finish line: where their handler is usually jumping up and down, waving their arms and screaming words of encouragement. The Race Each relay team consists of four dogs, with up to two reserve dogs that can be interchanged between heats. There can
be either three or five heats in every race. When the last light turns green the dogs are off and racing (crossing the start/finish line before the light is green results in a foul). Each dog must jump the four hurdles, retrieve the ball and jump back over the hurdles to complete their lap. Missed jumps and dropped balls require the
dog to rerun the course after the rest of the team has finished. As soon as the first dogâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s nose returns across the start/finish line the next dog is off! The first team to have all four of their racing dogs complete their run cleanly wins the heat. Flyball = pure fun! (1) the Australian Flyball Assoc.
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What is it and can it be prevented?
by John Maniatty V.M.D.
loat is when a dogâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s stomach rotates in the abdomen and blocks the flow of food and ingesta both in and out. Causes of bloat are still not well understood but, possible causes include feeding once a day to dogs that eat quickly, feeding dry food fat in the top 4 ingredients, running right after eating and feeding from raised dishes. Dogs that are predisposed are dogs over 5 years of age, male, deep chested breeds such as Great Danes, St. Bernards, German Shepherds, Irish Wolf Hounds, Irish Setters, and Akitas. With the rotation of the stomach, the blood vessels become twisted, and the blood flow becomes obstructed. Now that the stomach is a closed organ, with no ability to let gas or ingesta out, bacteria continue to produce gas and the stomach swells, hence the term bloat. 18
As the stomach swells, the dog will start to act uncomfortable, and either start getting up and down, moving from place to place or be so painful and shocky that they lay down and don't move. They can also drool excessively. The abdomen will become distended and feel firm, maybe hard. If you tap on it, it may ping like tapping on a basketball. The dog will wretch or dry heave, but nothing will come out. This is a very dangerous life-threatening situation and needs veterinary care immediately! When you take your dog to the veterinarian, they will ask you several questions such as when the last time your dog ate? What do you feed? Do they inhale food or graze? Do you feed them from the floor or raised bowels? Have they vomited or just dry heaved? When was the last time he/ she moved their bowels?
After answering questions, they will do radiographs to see if the stomach is in a classic bloat position on a right lateral radiograph. Also with the radiographs, we are looking for a foreign body that may be causing an obstruction or another type of bloat called "food bloat." Food bloat occurs when the dog eats so much that the stomach cannot contract to digest well and this leads to slow gastrointestinal (gi) motility. Food bloat is treated with fluids, pain medication, and time until gi motility returns and everything passes. If it is a stomach rotation bloat, the next step is to run blood work, ECG to check for arrhythmias, check blood pressure, place on IV fluids, and pass a stomach tube or large bore catheter into the stomach or combination of both to relieve gas and decompress the stomach. Sometimes while decompressing the stomach will flip back into normal position. The patient will still need to be carefully monitored because depending on how long the stomach was rotated, and the blood flow cut off to the stomach, the stomach tissue may become compromised and necrotic. The splenic blood flow can also be compromised and the spleen can become necrotic and bleed. After decompressing repeating radiographs need to be done to see if it rotated back to normal. If not then surgery is warranted. Surgery consists of going in and rotating the stomach into normal position. Checking for any tissue damage to the stomach or spleen, and if needed, remove the dead tissue on the stomach or if the spleen is impacted, it can be can removed. We then check the rest of the abdomen to make
sure no other non-related problems are found. Then attach the stomach to the body wall, called stomach tacking, to prevent future bloat episodes. Post surgery we monitor ECG for arrhythmias for 24 hours then come in every day to check ECG for two days. Studies have shown 14 % of bloat cases have aspiration pneumonia, so we use antibiotics for ten days to protect the dog. Treatment periods can be longer if stomach contents have leaked into the abdomen. Tacking the stomach to the body wall before it happens is the only true way to prevent bloat. Bloat can be diminished by feeding on the floor, feeding small frequent meals, and limiting exercise right after eating.
Mouthy Dogs by Amanda Abresch, B.S., ABCDT, APDT, CPDT-KA
In our series of dog behaviors that are completely normal to dogs but
strange to us humans: mouthing. For those who are not ‘dog people’ or have not experienced the unique joy of a puppy gnawing on a hand, the thought of a dog mouthing is a bit off-putting. The thought of a creature with a mouth full of teeth having an entire hand in their mouth can be scary and strange, and rightfully so. We humans don’t tend to put much more than food and drink in our mouths, so the fact that this is a normal canine behavior can be a difficult concept to grasp. So, why do our dogs put our hands, arms, or feet in their mouths in the first place? Why does that eightweek-old puppy just seem to "need" to feel our fingers in their mouth? It’s the same reason toddlers put almost everything in their mouths- this is a fast way to gain lots of information 20
about any item. Within seconds of an item being in their mouths, dogs can learn about where it has been, what it tastes and smells like, the texture, temperature, etc. Putting things in their mouths to learn more is a natural behavior for dogs- usually, after substantial smelling to ensure, it’s not too dangerous. Also, mouthing and nipping can be great stress relievers for dogs who are super excited to greet a new person or are anxious in a specific situation. Let’s not forget the last piece of the puzzle- dogs like to chew on things; it's just fun to chew! This is why we give them chew toys and bones/antlers to chew on. If we don’t teach them that using us as chew toys is inappropriate, they will keep it up into adulthood. Next, I want to explain that there is a difference, or at least there should be, between mouthing, nipping and biting.
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In my opinion, mouthing is what a sweet golden retriever I know does when he just needs someone to pet him, though it’s a bit more than just mouthing. He will gently hold your hand in his mouth momentarily and lift it up or pull it down ever so gently, so it’s at just the right level, and then he lets go and the next thing I know, I’m petting his head because he has placed it under my hand. I’m still caught off guard half the time, even though I know it's going to happen. This dog would not hurt a fly and never leaves anything more than drool on my hand (and pants and shoes). I know another dog who will lead one of his people by holding one of their hands in her mouth to the door to go potty or to her toy bin if she wants to play fetch. Nevertheless, I consider this mouthing. With these dogs, I am ok with mouthing because it is never anything more and neither has never given me or their families a reason to think they intend to do more. Some people prefer their dogs never do any mouthing at all, which I respect and we work with. Others feel that allowing a dog to practice this in a controlled manner helps them to learn how to use their mouth as another useful tool through life. I respect that, too. I always leave this up to individual clients and as long as the mouthing never escalates and it can be stopped on cue, mouthing can be ok. Nipping is a little less sweet, and I tend to think of this as a potential precursor to a bite, only because it is reflecting a higher arousal level on the dog’s part. Most puppies aged ten to twenty weeks of age will exhibit a good deal of nipping. Most of the time, it’s an attempt at play or 22
a guaranteed way to elicit attention from people, but even when playful, this nipping can result in tooth marks or scratches. To be fair, puppies of this age still have those razor sharp puppy teeth, and it’s actually quite hard to mouth gently and not leave a mark with those little daggers. This behavior can absolutely be displayed in dogs of any age; I only think of it as more normal in puppies who have not learned about bite inhibition and still have sharp teeth. Biting, by my definition is much more serious than mouthing and nipping and is usually coming from a dog who is fearful, stressed, in an otherwise difficult situation, or is training to bite. Either way, their arousal level is significantly higher, and they intend to send a clear message or do harm. I have seen biting from dogs who are fearful, confused, protective, and trained to do so. Dogs who are trained to bite for protection purposes tend to be very good at understanding when this is necessary for work and what is expected during playtime or time with family. Biting, when done properly in the correct situation (to fend off an intruder, etc.), is perfectly fine as long as that behavior doesn’t seem to seep into other parts of the dog’s life where it is not necessary. Some people don’t want any of these ever directed at a person; some are fine with playful mouthing, others want a dog who will bite hard and hold until released. As long as it works for that dog and family and there are no issues with aggression or a lack of impulse control, it’s ok with me.
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with Amanda Abresch
Reader Submitted Questions
“How do I stop my dog from digging holes all over my yard?” Like most habits, dogs develop the habit digging for a variety of reasons: 1 It's fun, and they are bored 2. They are a breed that was originally meant to hunt vermin, so digging is instinctive 3. They want to get to the other side of a fence 4. They need a cool spot to lay in 5. They see you digging in the garden and are mimicking you. 6. They have valuable things they need to bury 7. Your yard has groundhogs or some other type of underground animal that your dog can smell and wants to find. Luckily, like other habits, digging can be curtailed, and your yard can stop looking like Swiss cheese! 24
What to do: First, check your yard or have it checked for vermin- if your dog is simply digging to get that groundhog, finding and relocating it will significantly help reduce the digging! 1. Exercise your dog. If they do not have excess energy, they will not use it to dig up your yard! Remember that ‘exercise’ includes physical and mental stimulation, so playing games, teaching tricks, even working on obedience cues count towards both types of exercise. 2. Give your dog plenty of fun, interactive toys. Play with the toys with your dog. Have a special toy that he/she gets only when you are gone (and make it a really great one, like a
Kong with peanut butter and kibble). Make sure you test this toy when you are home before leaving pup home alone with it, to ensure that it won’t be destroyed and swallowed! 3. Be sure your dog has plenty of shade outside on hot days. Consider a small kiddie pool or making a special shady spot just for them in summer. 4. Do not let your dog see you digging in the garden- sometimes they like to mimic us and seeing you dig to garden looks an awful lot like digging for fun. 5. Fill previously dug holes with rocks and some of your dog's own poop. If it's uncomfortable and smelly, it's not so fun. You can also try placing chicken wire over previously dig holes; this will also make digging less fun. 6. When you catch your dog digging, say “no”, “oops”, “eh-eh” or “nope” and redirect them to yourself and a fun toy. If they cannot be redirected, take your dog inside the house, play tug, or play fetch for a few moments to reward him/her for not digging. If they keep going back to the hole, they need a longer timeout or need to be leashed. 7. If your dog is a breed or individual that likes to dig, make an appropriate digging area. Designate an area in the yard for your dog to dig and introduce him/her to it (kiddie sandboxes with covers work great for this). Show them that you like to dig in there and they will soon follow suit. To make it more exciting, hide toys or treats in the dirt, so they have something to find! 8. If you know your dog digs every time they are outside alone, don’t give then unsupervised time in the yard 26
until you feel you can trust them. If your dog keeps digging, and cannot be redirected or becomes aggressive, you should consult a certified, professional dog trainer for a behavioral assessment.
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I love my dog; I just don’t love her on our furniture, what can I do? Shh- don’t tell anyone, but I’m with you. I love my dog and would do pretty much anything for her, but I don’t like her up on the furniture because I don’t like having dog hair all over my clothes. I’ll admit that on cold winter nights, I do sometimes spread out a blanket on the couch and let her snuggle with me, but otherwise, she stays off. Dogs like to jump on furniture because it smells like us, it's comfortable, it gets them up high where they can see everything and hey, you get on the furniture. Why can't they? Not to worry, you can teach your dog alternative behaviors and prevent them from taking over your couch or bed. What to do: 1. Exercise your dog; a tired dog is less likely to jump uncontrollably to say “Hi” to you while you are on the couch. 2. Obedience training is a great way to build alternative behaviors so that you can redirect your dog. Practicing obedience cues is also a great way to help give your dog a little extra physical and mental exercise. 28
3. Do NOT give your dog attention when he/she jumps on the furniture!! If you are pushing your dog down off of furniture and they keep doing it, that is because they have just found a very fun game! Even if you are saying “get off!” And pushing down on your dog, it can still be perceived as a game. 4. When your dog is on the furniture, say “no,” “oops,” “uh-oh,” nope,” or “eh-eh” and then calmly usher him/her off 5. Teach “off” when your dog does get on furniture: 6. If you catch your dog on a couch or chair, they are not supposed to be on, go over to them and point to the floor, or lure them off the furniture. Once your dog is off the furniture, say “off” and reward with a treat on the floor and praise. 7. Alternatively, calmly and gently push them off (usually a gentle nudge will give them the signal) and once they are off say “off” and reward with praise and a treat tossed on the floor. 8. Repeat as necessary, once your dog knows the cue, you can say “off,” and they will comply. 9. Develop a “spot” for your dog. This area should contain a comfy bed, toys and be rewarding 10. To begin training for this, place leash and collar (or harness) on your dog and attach the leash to a piece of furniture near this spot 11. Work on “down-stay” while your dog is in his/her “spot.” Remember to start with short duration downstays and gradually build up time and to keep this very positive continued pg. 32
Boarding Basic Obedience Basic, Intermediate & Advanced Retriever Training Competition Handling Pre-Season Tune-Up Train the Trainer
Tim & Janel Mumford 32826 Mumford Rd. Selbyville, DE Delmarva Unleashed
Vaccinate vs. Titer by John Maniatty V.M.D.
anine distemper virus (CDV) is a disease caused by an RNA virus of the Morbillivirus genus. This virus is passed transplacentally from mother to pup or by aerosolized respiratory secretions that shed when coughing or sneezing occurs. Dogs, cats and some wildlife can carry the virus. Once aerosolized another dog breathes this in, and it infects their respiratory tract. Puppies are more at risk due to weaker immune systems and not being vaccinated makes any dog of any age susceptible. From there it goes to the lymph nodes and spreads to the rest of the body, i.e., spleen, liver, and central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Infection occurs within 24 hours but takes up to 8-9 days to reach the central nervous system (CNS). (1) Clinical symptoms of the disease are fever, lethargy, sneezing, coughing, ocular/ nasal discharge, dry eye, eye infection, and pustular dermatitis, discoloring of enamel in young puppies, dehydration, and anorexia. In more severe cases we will see neurologic signs such as seizure, muscle tremors, head tilt, inability to place
legs properly, blindness. (1) Neurologic signs lag and do not show until 1-3 weeks post systemic signs. Sometimes they will not show for years after recovery (2) Diagnosis is based on the history, such as a young dog with exposure and lack of vaccination, clinical symptoms, and blood work. In blood work, you may find low lymphocyte counts, possible elevated neutrophils, and monocytes, and low red blood cell counts. In the lymphocytes, inclusion bodies of the virus may be seen. Immunoglobulin M and G counts can be elevated secondary to infection but also post vaccination, so vaccine status needs to be known. With Cerebral Spinal Fluid taps inclusion bodies can be seen in cells sometimes. There is no specific cure for CDV we just treat the symptoms. Treatment can consist of iv fluids, antibiotics to treat secondary infections, anticonvulsants for seizures, anti-emetics and antidiarrheal if vomiting and diarrhea are occurring, breathing treatments, and if need be one-time steroid use to take swelling down in the CNS. (1,2)
CDV can be fatal and if recovery does occur they may still have neurologic deficits for life. Vaccination is the best preventative measure. There are two major types of CDV vaccine- Modified Live Vaccine (MLV) and Viral Vectored Recombinant DNA Vaccine (Recombinant Vaccine). MLV vaccine contains an active form of the virus that has been weakened. In few cases (estimated 1in 10-50,000) post-vaccinal encephalitis occurs. This has not been seen with the recombinant vaccine. Recombinant DNA vaccines are portions of DNA from the virus that are then placed in other cells that will express what the DNA is for on their outer surface. This stimulates an immune response, so when challenged by the actual virus antibodies are already present to fight it off. This vaccine does not run the risk of inducing actual infection. Just like any immune response, there can be adverse reactions- mild fever, soreness, vomiting, and fatigue and in worst-case scenarios anaphylaxis, or the trigger of autoimmune disorders. MLV vaccines have been studied and shown in some dogs after several vaccines to have a duration of immunity (DOI) up to 9 years. The recombinant vaccine is more recent, and studies have shown DOI up to 3 years. This is not for all dogs so titers may help catch those that for some reason do not produce a sufficient immune response that will last. These dogs need to be vaccinated more frequently than every three years. Through these titers, we can judge who produces what we believe to be sufficient immune response and how frequent they need to be tested. There are people who
do not believe in titers, as they do not guarantee protection. But there have been studies that challenge vaccinated dogs with CDV, and those that resist have their serum antibody titers correlated to show safe levels. (5) By challenging and determining threshold levels, we can titer with a safe sense of security. With the titers lasting longer than originally noted we may be able to discontinue giving the Distemper vaccine as young as ten years of age in some dogs. Along with CDV the other components; Adenovirus, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza were also tested and shown to have the immunity of three years or more. We cannot titer test for Parainfluenza or Adenovirus at this time, so if we find a poor response to CDV, we assume they too are low and vaccinate for them. (1) Rothtrock, K., DVM. (2016, November 16). Canine Distemper. Retrieved March 11, 2018,https://www.vin.com/Members/Associate/ Associate.plx?from=GetDzInfo&DiseaseId=11-82 (2) Canine Distemper. (2018). Avma.org. Retrieved 11 March 2018, from https://www.avma. org/public/PetCare/Pages/Canine-Distemper.aspx (3) RD, Larson. 2018. "Three-Year Duration Of Immunity In Dogs Vaccinated With A Canary pox-Vectored Recombinant Canine Distemper Virus Vaccine. - PubMed - NCBI ". Ncbi.Nlm.Nih. Gov. Accessed March 11 2018. https://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17616944. (4) Age and long-term protective immunity in dogs and cats. J Comp Pathol. January 2010;142 Suppl 1(0):S102-8. R D Schultz 1, B Thiel, E Mukhtar, P Sharp, L J Larson 1 Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. email@example.com. wisc.edu Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (5) Schultz, R. D., DVM,MS,PhD,HON,ACVM. (2008, February 17 Western Veterinary Conference). The Immune Response to Traditional and Recombinant Vaccines. Retrieved March 11, 2018, from URL: https://www.vin.com/doc/?id=3862189 doi:3/11/2018
wiftPaws® has been called the fastest fun on four paws, and your dog can give it a try for a $10 donation at the Pooch Palooza Dog Festival on April 21st and 22nd. The SwiftPaws course is an exciting game of capturethe-flag for your dog. One look at the flag as it zips around the course and the chase is on! SwiftPaws is a small, Florida-based company that manufactures the equipment. They are making the trip up especially for Pooch Palooza, and all of the proceeds will benefit animal-related charities. As a company dedicated to the enrichment and well-being of pets, SwiftPaws has been manufacturing these machines and entertaining dogs across the country for over 5 years. They’ve seen first-hand how a little mental and physical exercise can benefit dogs of all sizes and breeds. From the smallest of Chihuahuas to the largest of Great Danes you can find every variety of dog enjoying the thrill of the 32
SwiftPaws course. Dogs love to chase, and this game taps into their natural instincts – turning their prey drive into play drive. They have a blast running the course and us humans have just as much fun watching them! One of SwiftPaws’ core values as a company is helping pets in need through partnering with and benefiting charitable animal organizations. Humane societies, rescue groups, and other organizations are using SwiftPaws to exercise the animals in their care. They’re also setting up the course at events to raise money and awareness for their cause. Having SwiftPaws at a charitable event is a win-win-win for the organization, the attendees, and the animals. SwiftPaws is also currently launching a new generation of their equipment. This new lineup will include an improved version of their commercial machine, as well as a brand new “backyard version” which will be
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available to anyone and everyone who would like to bring the action home with them. The backyard machine will retail for $249, but will be available for pre-order at a discounted price for a limited time starting this April. You can learn more about the upcoming launch and how you can be one of the very first to have SwiftPaws in your backyard on their website at SwiftPaws.com. SwiftPaws Co-Owners John Ritter and Meghan Wolfgram have big plans for this little company. They plan on donating $25 from every single sale of the new backyard-version directly to charitable organizations. They will be offering SwiftPaws at events nationwide, and are also involved in the development of a new competitive sport where any dog can compete for titles and ribbons. SwiftPaws machines have many applications, in fact, even zoos like the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and the Australia Zoo use SwiftPaws as enrichment for their cheetahs. With everyone getting in on the fun, this activity should make for a great addition at Pooch Palooza this year. So what are you waiting for? Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time to let the dogs out!
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12. Reinforce calm, relaxed behavior. If your dog gets anxious, redirect them to their spot and draw their attention to a toy in their spot. 13. After your dog does well staying with you in the same room, in a different room and for longer periods of time (up to 10 minutes), do not tie the leash to anything and try the same down-stays. If your dog tries to get up, you have the leash to grab so they will not get too far. 14. Repeat, building up to longer time in the down stay and then to you leaving the room. 15. Remove the leash and repeat above steps. 16. Crate train your dog so he/ she can have a place to go when you cannot supervise-until good house manners are established, you should supervise your dog so you can stop or redirect unwanted behaviors. 17. Place adhesive paper or a plastic chair mat found in office supply stores (one side is smooth, the other side is cover in small plastic spikes) upside down on the couch- your dog will quickly learn that the couch is not so comfortable! If your dog exhibits any aggressive behavior towards you or your family while on furniture or when you remove them from furniture, please contact a certified, professional dog trainer to set up a consultation for management of aggression!
Kellerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cause at Pooch Palooza
What Is Keller's Cause? Keller's Cause is a 501c3 non-profit organization that was founded in September of 2015, in the name of double merles. Everything we do, we do for them. These wonderful dogs are often dumped or killed. We want to teach the world about them. They are preventable and people need to know this. No dog should be purposely brought into the world with disabilities.
What Is A Double Merle? A double merle is produced when two merle-patterned dogs are bred together. When this breeding occurs, each puppy in the litter has a 25% chance of being a double merle. Double merles are often faced with vision and hearing deficiencies, up to complete deafness and blindness. This is 100% preventable through responsible breeding. We strive to teach people about this and prevent dogs from being born blind or deaf. To learn more about Kellerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cause and see what amazing things these beautiful dogs can do, join us at Pooch Palooza or visit KellersCause.com
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