ISSUE 11 GONVILLE & CAIUS COLLEGE CAMBRIDGE 2010
The Story of Testosterone Still Flying The Flag at the South Pole A Caian with The Red Arrows
From the Director of Development
...Always a Caian 1
Dr Anne Lyon (2001) Fellow
2 The Story of Testosterone – Joe Herbert (1976) 6 Still Flying The Flag – Adrian McCallum (2007) 10 John Caius and his Statutes – Michael Prichard (1950) 14 Dr Caius’ Grave – Michael Wood (1959) interviewed by James Howell (2009) 16 A Caian with the Red Arrows – Andrew Bryant (1998) interviewed by James Howell (2009) 18 From the Archives – James Cox, College Archivist 22 The Caius Fund – Soraya Nassar, Annual Fund Officer 24 Thanks to our Benefactors... 29 The Stephen Hawking Circle 30 Five New Lectureships! 32 Festal Evensong at Norwich Cathedral – James Howell (2009) 33 CaiWorld
“A gift to Gonville & Caius College counts towards the Cambridge 800th Anniversary Campaign”
34 Two New Shells for the Boat Club – Soraya Nassar, Annual Fund Officer 35 CaiMemories
Cover Photos by Yao Liang
Copies of Waterhouse and his Gate by Michael Prichard (1950) are available from www.blurb.com/bookstore/detail/1281812
Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge
2 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 3 mating competition, but is wholly unattractive to the females.
by Joe Herbert (1976)
he next time you visit a historic house and see a pair of antlers mounted high on a wall, you will be witnessing the considerable costs and risks of reproduction, as well as the vanity of the hunter. Each autumn stags not only grow these amazing weapons, they also put on a mound of muscle, stop eating, and rush about bellowing like a brass band of trombones. Other stags will be charged, antlers interlocked, hides ripped, wounds reddening, victory or defeat declared. The object of this is access to as many fertile hinds as possible, and hence reproductive success – counted as the number of young sired. At this point, the buck (pun intended) passes to the female, but that’s another story. Breeding is not just a matter of a male feeling sexy. He also has to be fertile,
competitive, aggressive and prepared to take risks: of injury, failure, even death. All this is entirely due to the powerful action of a rather simple chemical: testosterone. Testosterone is a steroid, a group of hormones that includes oestrogen, that quintessential ‘female’ hormone responsible for the dramatic change in body shape of girls at puberty, and cortisol, the hormone that responds to stress, and without which we die. Testosterone supplies most of what the male’s physique and motivation needs to stand any chance of perpetuating his gene pool, and none of us would be here without it. Nearly all testosterone comes from the testes, and the annual variations in the amount they secrete is why stags in the summer graze peaceably together, but engage in lethal fights a few months later. It is also why a castrated stag is not only a non-combatant in the annual
Testosterone maketh man Men are as dependent on testosterone as any stag. Tribes compete with others for the best hunting grounds, the clearest water: it is the young men who do the fighting. They defend their territory, or attempt to capture the resources of others. They may even go to war. They compete for the most desirable mates: both by overcoming other young men, and by appearing most attractive to young women. For this, they need to be both sexually motivated but also competitive. Next time a car goes past you rather too fast, with a loud exhaust note and the stereo blaring, you can safely bet that it’s being driven by a young male: part of sexual display. Darwin taught us that individual differences in physical and behavioural features underpin competitiveness, attractiveness and fertility, and these determine survival, not only of the individual but also his progeny. Malthus emphasised the vital importance of adequate resources. So it is essential for young males to take risks. Testosterone not only equips them for so doing, it also makes risk-taking attractive. It is a biological fact that young men, like the young males of other species, are expendable. Only a few are required to fertilise very many females. Many will fail, many will die. But without taking any risks, success is not possible. A consistent feature of human history is the slaughter of young men. Men bring into the modern world the physiological and behavioural features developed for success in a more primitive one. But there is one important difference. Whereas the natural world owes nothing to the ingenuity of the human brain – indeed, the human brain reflects successful adaptation to that world – the modern world is largely its creation. So the human brain – largely the male brain – sets the scene in which modern competition and success will unfold in business, finance and everyday life. Testosterone goes on playing its essential role in the construction of the competitive arena and individual success within this manmade world. Man has also invented surrogates that satisfy the inbuilt masculine liking for risk and competitive success.
The thrills and spills of motor racing and financial trading If Jensen Button or Lewis Hamilton drives round Silverstone with due care and attention, they will almost certainly finish the race. They will never win it. Each corner is a risk, an assessment of whether the probability of staying on track is acceptably greater than spinning off. No driver, however good, can ever be sure. But the best drivers not only enjoy the challenge, they make the best risk assessments. All Formula 1 drivers are young males. Interestingly, the men that run Formula 1 are not young, just as the generals of an army or the elders of the tribe are not, but it is the young men who are sent out to race (or fight and die). Formula 1 does not make the biological world a better place. Wheat yields are not improved, water is not made more plentiful. It’s a wholly man-made competition to prove superiority, and one that requires considerable risk. Neither is the world improved by a Chelsea win, but the primeval forces that drive competition between rival tribes survives in this modern format, and every pass is a risk taken by a testosterone-driven young man with plenty to lose. Competitive sport requires strong, fit individuals, so young males are well suited to it. This is not so obvious for other occupations, yet in some, young men also predominate. If you go onto a financial trading floor, you will be impressed by the fact that nearly all financial traders are male, and most of them are under 40. They are required to make rapid, frequent decisions about whether or not to engage in a trade (eg buy or sell a stock or a commodity etc), based on a mass of current information. Like some other occupations, the consequences of a mistake can be disastrous both for the individual and his organisation. Rather similar to deciding whether to fight a competitor or run away. Just like armies, those that control the banks are not young, though they are mostly male. Their testosterone may have declined somewhat with age, though this is highly variable. They decide the overall strategy, as well as monitoring the performance of the youngsters. But they, like the generals, recognise that rapid decisions involving high risk and taken under extreme pressure are best made by young men, who are biologically equipped to do just that. Testosterone, making money or picking fights For years, economists have sought a general theory that explains how and why people make financial decisions. You can see the temptation. Einstein provided a fundamental theory for physics, Darwin another for biology: both have revolutionised their fields. Why not one for economics? It hasn’t
4 Once a Caian... is alter these hormones, and see if they really do change financial decision-making by influencing emotional states. But we can do this in the lab, using the sort of games referred to above. Male sexuality and aggression are strictly controlled in all species. In humans there are numerous legal and social (including religious) restraints on both. Sometimes these break down. In war, young men frequently rape the women of the defeated enemy. This is a regular event, and breaches all the social safeguards that normally ensure (in other primates as well as man) that females have a choice of mate. It is estimated that around 250,000 women were raped by Russian soldiers following their capture of Berlin in 1945. One curious feature of ‘military’ rape is that it is often committed by young men who would never contemplate such an action in their normal lives. Some feature of battle, or its aftermath, or the emotion of conquering a demonised foe, leads to unbridled testosterone-driven behaviour, quite outside the norm for humans. Another example can be seen any Saturday night in most towns in the UK. Alcohol disinhibits behaviour: it neutralises some of the social controls that are normally instigated by upbringing, social conventions or the law. This includes the restraint on aggression, normally part of any primate society. Young men, liberated by alcohol from this control, indulge in primal behaviour normally related to the competition for mates and resources. Testosterone in the brain: what makes a man How does testosterone accomplish all this? You cannot hear Radio 4 (the message) unless you have a radio (a receiver) tuned to the right frequency. A cell cannot detect testosterone (the message), or respond to it, unless it has the correct receptor (the receiver). The receptor for testosterone is a protein to which testosterone attaches. The combined molecule is then enabled to attach itself to a special site on DNA, and thus activates a whole range of genes. Muscle cells have plenty of testosterone receptors: so testosterone causes muscles to grow, a fact known to body builders and athletes, who may use (illegal) testosterone or related steroids. The bizarre results are obvious. The testis itself needs testosterone to form mature sperm. The male’s
C E Brock – Punch 1902
happened. I am not at all qualified to provide an informed criticism of theories of economic decision-making, but one thing is clear. The assumption that financial decisions are made entirely rationally (that is, an objective assessment of all the information available and the possible outcomes of any decision) is wrong. Emotion has only recently been recognised as interesting by economists, but it plays a huge part. If people play a computerised game in which they bet on the chance of guessing something correctly, then they bet more if they are told they have a 50% chance of winning than they do on a 50% chance of losing, though both, of course, are the same. That is not rational decisionmaking: the words ‘win’ or ‘lose’ have set up an emotional bias. But: people with brain damage that impairs emotion can no longer take optimal financial decisions. So emotion is not simply a hindrance to rationality, it’s important. The sort of emotion needed, and when and why it is required, are all subjects for future research. This is where hormones come in. Testosterone may increase risk-taking by raising competitiveness and appetite for risk (thrills), whilst cortisol (mentioned above) can increase fear (caution). Both hormones are very labile: levels in the blood vary for a variety of reasons. Both are highest during the early morning and fall during the day. But both also respond to events, though in different ways. Testosterone increases in males after winning a game of tennis, and even driving a Porsche, or even in the blood of spectators if their team wins the match. Losing, or fear of danger, lowers testosterone. Levels fall dramatically in army recruits during a survival course (very strenuous, and they have little food) or in soldiers exposed to real danger. Cortisol is the stress hormone: levels rise sharply after exposure to either physical demand (eg cold) or psychological adversity (eg a loss) or threat of one, particularly if this is perceived as being unpredictable or uncontrollable. We studied a group of young financial traders. We expected to find that testosterone increased when they made money, but fell if they lost. In fact, we found that levels (which varied quite widely between individuals) predicted gains: they were higher in the morning on days they made money. Did they take greater risks (that paid off)? We don’t yet know. Cortisol did not reflect profit or loss, but higher levels related to the uncertainty of the market (this can be measured). It may promote caution in unpredictable conditions. We only studied a small group over a few days, so this is being extended to a much larger one over a much longer period. What we can’t do, in the real world,
...Always a Caian 5
‘So a man recognises a female when he sees one. He also recognises a particular female’
genitals have receptors, so the penis becomes larger at puberty. The prostate gland has receptors, and these can be blocked if the prostate gets too large or becomes cancerous. But the central event is the way that testosterone alters the brain. Receptors for testosterone are not scattered throughout the brain, but concentrated in those parts we know to be concerned with emotion and motivation. These areas are not part of the cortex, the wrinkled mantle that we see when we look at the brain, and which is known to be essential for the most complex functions, like thought, decisions, intricate movement, vision, hearing, feeling and so on. But there is a tiny area behind the eyes at the base of the brain, the hypothalamus, which has a set of receptors. Another lies in a somewhat larger structure, close to the hypothalamus, but buried deep under the cortex lying under the skull beneath your ears. This is the amygdala. These two are responsible for much of the action of testosterone on behaviour. The hypothalamus is essential for survival. It monitors energy levels, and makes you feel hungry if they fall; body fluids, and makes you thirsty if they become depleted; body temperature, and makes you shiver if it detects cooling. It also monitors the level of testosterone, and makes a male sexy if levels increase sufficiently. It may also promote testosterone-related aggression. Damage to the hypothalamus, as well as disturbing other functions, may also prevent testosterone activating sexuality. The hypothalamus knows nothing about the external environment. Yet this information is essential: how else to find a mate, recognise a competitor, know the location of resources, avoid danger? Testosterone-driven sexuality would be biologically useless without this knowledge. Information from the environment, detected by the senses, is largely analysed and synthesised by the cortex. So a man recognises a female when he sees one. He also recognises a particular female. Some of this information passes to the amygdala, which has an important function in assigning an emotional state to a sensory experience. The amygdala is influenced by a number of chemical agents, including testosterone. It has plentiful connections with the hypothalamus. But they do not act alone. The cortex does not let the amygdala and hypothalamus (the limbic system) get on with it. The cortex is also responsible for the fact that we obey social rules, are able to plan actions, can appreciate the actions and emotions of others (empathy) and can decide whether or not to follow a particular course of action. So it regulates the more primeval actions of the limbic system.
The high forehead of humans is the result of the great development of the cortex at the front of the brain – called, naturally, the frontal lobes. This is where much of the social and emotional control and decision-making capacity is seated. We refer to people as ‘highbrow’ or ‘lowbrow’. Damage it, and the person may no longer be able to plan his/her life adequately, take optimal decisions, behave appropriately in a social setting, or control his/her emotions. These defects apply to testosterone-dependent sexuality and all its associated behaviours (aggression etc). The frontal lobes have direct connections with the amygdala. Most of the cortex matures – that is, develops its arrangement of nerve cells and their connections – quite early in life: during childhood. But the frontal lobes continue this maturation process well into the early twenties. There may be a strategy here. If the frontal lobes were fully mature, would young men take the risks they need to, enjoy competition and aggression for its own sake, though with a hidden agenda? Frontal lobe maturity might be biologically disadvantageous in young men. So we may have an explanation of why young men behave as they do, and have their special role: lots of testosterone and an immature frontal lobe. Just what you always thought. Testosterone also maketh the father of the man The transformation of a little boy, neat and well-behaved, into a hairy, smelly, sullen, rebellious adolescent is due to testosterone. But the adolescent brain has
experienced this hormone before. Early in pregnancy, the male baby’s testes start to produce it for a few weeks. This foetal testosterone has a massive effect on the internal organs, the external genitals and the brain. The brain is ‘masculinised’: that is, made sensitive to testosterone that will be secreted later at puberty. Absence of this early testosterone surge renders the brain much less responsive to testosterone: in rodents, sexuality is markedly less malelike, and it is much easier to evoke ‘feminine’ patterns of behaviour with the right hormonal treatment to which the normal male is highly resistant. The brain has been ‘organised’ by foetal testosterone. It is ‘activated’ at puberty by the second, and much more prolonged, bout of testosterone. This may also apply to gender-related behaviour, such as risktaking or aggression. Testosterone thus plays an essential role in a man’s life from his beginning. The distinct play-behaviour of male toddlers is witness that the brain is not gender-neutral at birth. Testosterone, more than any other chemical, has shaped the course of human history.
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...Always a Caian 7
The embroidered centrepiece of the Caius flag taken to the South Pole by Wilson and later returned to the College by Wright. Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge
by Adrian McCallum (2007)
Photograph by StearnS & Sons
Frank Debenham at his plane table. September 9th 1911.
n Issue 3 of Once a Caian..., Dr Richard Duncan–Jones (1963) wrote eloquently of Edward Wilson (1891), Fellow of the College, who was tragically to perish with Captain Scott on their return from the Pole in 1912, and of the Caius flag that still hangs shrouded beside the Fellows entrance to Hall. 2010 marks the centenary of Wilson’s departure on that fateful expedition, and now seems an appropriate time to reflect further on the links between our College and Terra Australia Incognita. In his piece, Dr Duncan-Jones reflected briefly upon another Caian, a comrade of Scott, who was to have a profound effect on the development of both Geographical and Polar studies at the University of Cambridge; a man who provided the link between the ‘golden-age of polar exploration’ and the practicalities of modern-day polar research. This man was known to all simply as ‘Deb’. Frank Debenham (1913) was one of numerous Australian explorers, including Mawson and Wilkins, who were drawn to the poles during ‘the golden years of polar exploration’, further assisting our knowledge of this expansive continent in a time when science and exploration still existed as comfortable bedfellows. This combination of ‘science and action’ or ‘brain and body’ has always appealed to me, and it was explorers like Debenham and his type that I looked to in my youth. No doubt there are other Australians who’ve rambled through Caius, intent on making their contribution to our knowledge of the Polar environs, thus continuing the
links between Caius, Antarctica and perhaps the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI), but I like to think that in some small way, I too am following in the footsteps of my intrepid compatriot, Frank Debenham. Frank Debenham, OBE was born at Bowral, New South Wales, Australia on Boxing Day in 1883. After completing his schooling and initial tertiary studies in the Classics in Sydney, Deb returned to university in 1910 to complete further studies in geology and petrology. Deb’s Professor of Geology at the time was Welsh-born Tannant William Edgeworth David, who had served with Shackleton on the 1907-1909 British Antarctic (Nimrod) Expedition. Edgeworth David was to be instrumental in permanently altering the course of Deb’s life. Like Deb, I too was born in country New South Wales, in a town called Young, only 100 miles from Bowral. I’d always wanted to be a polar explorer and scientist, and in 1993 whilst struggling to remain motivated on a RAAF Pilot’s course I wrote to Sir Ranulph Fiennes, the world's greatest living explorer, seeking his advice on how to become a Polar Explorer. Shortly afterwards I naively applied for a job as a glaciologist with the Australian Antarctic Division, reasoning that there couldn’t be any ‘actual’ glaciologists out there and that my Honours degree in Oceanography and my experience in the outdoors would surely make me as suitable as anyone. I heard back from Ran, but didn’t pass the course and didn't get the job, so the desire still smouldered as I made the most of a more typical military career over the next 15 years or so. Upon the arrival of the Internet I soon realised that there were actually trained glaciologists, yet the only route to this title was to obtain a PhD, hence from my somewhat closeted military world my eyes were opened and I had a plan. At an age well before I’d finally got myself organised, Deb was swept into Polar adventures of which I could only dream; an adventure which would alter the course of his life. When Scott came recruiting for his second expedition, the Terra Nova Expedition of 1910-1913 (officially the British Antarctic Expedition 1910), Edgeworth David, approached by Scott, recommended Debenham as a geologist. Deb was one of the expedition’s youngest members and his life was to change irrevocably as he soon found himself bound for the great southern land. Although Deb’s primary role was as a geologist, his leadership qualities soon became apparent to Scott, and he was later appointed to lead his own geological
Sledge-mates in Cambridge: (standing) Frank Debenham (1913) Founder Director of the Scott Polar Research Institute, (Sir) Charles Wright (1908), who located Scott, Bowers & Wilson’s tent after the tragedy; (sitting) Griffith Taylor of Emmanuel and (Sir) Raymond Priestley of Christ’s.
8 Once a Caian...
Ant’s Café in the Antarctic. Adrian McCallum
Prior to this appointment within the Geography Department, Deb had acquired space, initially in the attic rooms of the Sedgwick Buildings, to study and amass artefacts and equipment from the Antarctic expedition, and from 1913 to 1927 it became a calling point for all who were interested in polar expeditions. With a university position now secured, Deb had the foundation on which to base a more dedicated attempt to establish within the University a centre for polar studies as a memorial to his companions who had died so tragically on the polar journey. Since their return from the ice, Deb had remained in constant correspondence with his good friend Apsley Cherry-Garrard, and often used him as a sounding board for his ideas, apparently first referring to his conceptualised body as the Scott Polar Research Institute in a letter to Cherry-Garrard in 1920. With the assistance of Cherry-Garrard, Raymond Priestly, Charles Wright and James Wordie (of Shackleton’s last expedition) Deb continued to lobby the Royal Geographical Society and the University Senate, and on 26 November 1920 the University stated, “they would welcome the establishment of the proposed Polar Research Institute at Cambridge…”. The Institute was to be housed temporarily within the Sedgwick Museum of Geology, whilst additional building funds were sought. After further petitioning and lobbying, and an interim move to Lensfield House, sufficient funds were eventually accrued. In 1934 the Scott Polar Research Institute on Lensfield Road was completed, and a celebratory lunch followed in the Caius dining hall. At the subsequent ceremony in the Senate House, the Chancellor of the University gave an effusive speech in praise of exploration and the role of the new Institute: ‘This building provides a library for those who are led, as men are today, to this work. Those who are going into the partly known and the little unknown, they may study there what has been done, how difficulties have been overcome, what equipment is necessary, what equipment has been proved to be superfluous or bad, and they may have all the knowledge that has been gleaned and left for them by those who have blazed the trail. And, similarly when they come back they can there, make their records, and leave behind them whatever they have to leave for the benefit of those who follow in their footsteps.’ (Polar Record, 1935: 2-9) In my limited time at SPRI I have been very fortunate to have participated in field studies in Greenland, Svalbard, and Antarctica; the polar adventure that I sought for so long is now at hand. Modern polar
Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge
expedition in the ascent of Mt Erebus. In his personal journals, Scott noted Debenham as “a well-trained sturdy worker who realises the conception of thoroughness (and) conscientiousness…”. The expedition of course ended in tragedy, and it was upon Deb’s return in 1913 that he entered Caius, his obvious college of choice as this took him in the footsteps of his now-deceased hero, ‘Uncle Bill’, Edward Wilson. Before much time was available to organise his papers, the rumblings of war saw Deb enlist, with appointment as a Lieutenant in the 7th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry in 1914. Deb was shortly promoted to Captain, thence Major, and served both in France and Greece before being repatriated back to the UK in late 1916 after suffering serious injuries due to shellfire. He subsequently served in numerous training and support roles, still medically unfit to return to the front-line, before being demobilised in 1919. He was appointed OBE in the same year, and returned to Caius to resume his academic career. Deb was admitted to the degree of BA in 1919, and was duly elected to the Fellowship. At this time he was also appointed to the Royal Geographical Society lectureship in surveying and cartography, and so assumed a role within the embryonic Department of Geography. My own entrance to Cambridge was far less exciting, yet similar nevertheless. My father-in-law John Kelly was an undergraduate at Caius in the 1960s. He was a surveyor, who had worked with the British Directorate of Overseas Surveys, exploring and mapping uncharted regions in Zambia, Nigeria and the Caribbean. Caius was to be my College of choice. After many years of digesting polar literature, and with Deb and his ilk on my mind, the Scott Polar Research Institute within the Department of Geography was the only spot for me, and I duly applied to both Caius and SPRI. And so, at the same age as Deb, I resigned my commission as a Major in the Royal Australian Engineers (RAE) and after suitable paperwork, was accepted to undertake a PhD in Polar Studies at the Scott Polar Research Institute in Lent Term 2007. When Deb arrived in Cambridge SPRI was still but a dream. Deb spent much of his initial time collating the scientific reports of the Terra Nova expedition, yet was also required to lecture in Cartography and Surveying, at one time setting his students the task of recalculating the position of the geographical South Pole; a procedure originally carried out by Bowers upon the arrival of the polar party in January 1912.
...Always a Caian 9
Adrian’s test pit.
Debenham (1913) making a hole in an ice floe, watched by Priestley and Nelson.
research differs greatly from that which was carried out in Deb’s time, but the problems of distance and logistics still remain. Fittingly, my own research involves using a cone penetrometer (CPT) in an attempt to measure the resistance and strength of polar snow packs; ultimately to assist in the design and construction of roads, runways and infrastructure on polar snow, such as the new Halley VI Base currently being constructed by the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). With the assistance of two UK companies, Lankelma and Gardline Geosciences, I have modified an existing CPT device and mounted it within a ‘box’, which can be mounted on and powered by a standard agricultural tractor, as currently in use by BAS. I’m currently at Halley Base where amidst my tractor driving tasks I’m ‘poking and prodding’ the snow in an effort to assess its capacity to be loaded, and the variability that exists within the site. Snow is a curious
material, which behaves in many different ways, but hopefully my research will provide some insight into the ‘science of snow’ and provide a small contribution to the ongoing preservation and exploration of the earth’s Polar Regions. Living conditions for me are far more salubrious than those experienced by Deb, as I move from heated residence to heated tractor cab, only venturing outside to conduct my testing. Even then I'm restricted to remain within the confines of the base, so that not too much adventure or exploration shall ensue. Nevertheless, occasional ventures beyond the perimeter into the ‘greater Antarctic’ offer me glimpses of all that this continent has offered in times past, and to those who move beyond the constraints of modern Antarctic life. Deb remained as Director of SPRI until 1946, throughout this time adding untiringly to its collections, and developing its stature as a renowned centre of learning. He also enthusiastically opened the Institute’s doors to those young mountaineers and explorers who came calling, seeking advice for their adventures in the Polar Regions. After his retirement he continued to remain active in polar and geographical matters, also serving as vice-president of the RGS from 1951 to 1953, before passing away in Cambridge in 1965. My time in Antarctica is almost over. Although it is almost a century since the Caius flag flew at the South Pole alongside Scott, Wilson, Oates, Bowers and Evans, Caians continue to seek adventure at the frozen ends of the planet. The roles are different and certainly conditions are far more comfortable, yet “The Flag still flies”. Note This article draws heavily on information contained within a recent book on Frank Debenham, entitled Deb – Geographer, Scientist, Antarctic Explorer by Peter Speak, published 2008 by Polar Publishing in association with the Scott Polar Research Institute.
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John Caius and his Statutes by Michael Prichard (1950)
o mark the Quincentenary of Caius’ birth on 6 October 1510 it is planned to produce a translation of the Latin text of the Statutes that he made for the College in 1558 and revised in 1572 shortly before his death, and to accompany
them with a translation of the other three documents which, together with the Statutes, provided the constitution of the College for three hundred years and remained unchanged and unchangeable until 1860. Those documents are: the Charter of 1557 which empowered Caius to make
statutes for his new College; the statutes which William Bateman had given to Gonville Hall in 1353 and 1355 and which has primacy over Caius’ statutes; and the rulings on the Interpretation of Caius’ statutes which his friend, Matthew Parker, the Archbishop of Canterbury, made in 1575
Charter of foundation and incorporation of Gonville and Caius College, dated 4 September 1557 in letters patent under the names of King Philip and Queen Mary.
in pursuance of a power entrusted to him by Caius in his will. The four documents are in Latin, but in very different linguistic styles and script; and each presents its own challenges to the translator. It is not surprising that they were not translated during the centuries in which they were in force prior to 1860, because access to the statutes was jealously restricted by Caius’ express directions in his statutes and the few persons who were permitted access to them would have been conversant with Latin. It is more surprising that no translation of any of the four documents has been published since 1860: so far as is known, the only translation that has been undertaken is a translation of the Charter professionally commissioned by the College in the middle of the last century for use in its commercial transactions, which has not been published. The restrictions imposed by Caius meant that not even the Latin text of the original documents was published until 1901. The Commissioners appointed to examine and report on the University and its Colleges had sought to publish them in 1852, together with the corresponding documents of the other colleges; but their request to see them was stubbornly refused by the Master, Benedict Chapman. The Commissioners somewhat Second Statutes of cravenly declined battle William Bateman for Gonville Hall (1935). and withdrew to London where they resorted to the copy of the Charter enrolled on the Patent Roll. They then betook reproduction of the Patent Roll did not make themselves to Lambeth Palace, where they it easy reading; nor did he publish Parker’s were able to use the copies of the statutes of Interpretation. both Bateman and Caius that the College had, Of the four documents Caius’ statutes are after some hesitation, sent to Archbishop by far the largest and most detailed. He was a Parker soon after Caius’ death with a request keen Classical scholar and had lectured on for his rulings on the correct interpretation of Aristotle in the original Greek when he had his statutes. These copies had – fortunately been pursuing his medical studies at Padua. As for the Commissioners – been retained in one would therefore expect his statutes are Lambeth Palace library together with a copy written in classical Latin; his grammar and of Parker’s own Interpretation. The syntax cannot be faulted, but his train of Commissioners were thus able to publish thought is expressed in a style that is often copies of all four documents in their 3very difficult to follow and one is left volume edition of Documents relating to the guessing at his meaning in numerous University and Colleges of Cambridge in 1852; passages. This occurs most frequently when but the originals themselves remained he seeks to express a philosophical unpublished until John Venn included the justification for the rules that he imposes; for Latin text of both Bateman’s and Caius’ these justifications he was inclined to call in statutes in Volume III of the Biographical aid a classical author or a biblical quotation, History in 1901. For some reason Venn did not sometimes expressly and on other occasions publish the Latin text of the Charter, even without acknowledgment, no doubt assuming though the Commissioners’ facsimile that his reader would need no prompting to
recognise the passage. One or two of these are recognisable today, but some passages are expressed so obscurely that one is left suspecting that he had some quotation in mind when he was dictating to his scribe. For the lawyer who scrutinises his statutes some teasing questions come to mind. Those questions do not ask what happened – which is usually already wellknown – but ask: “by what legal argument and reasoning did the College justify itself in disregarding the clear wording and intent of the statutes?” One can mention only a few here. First, the question of Marriage. Caius imposed celibacy upon both Master and Fellows in a statute that specifically applied to both. How then did it come about that that statute was dutifully applied in the case of Fellows until his statutes were repealed, yet it was disregarded in the case of Masters from the middle of the 17th century onward? Next, the composition of the Governing Body. Caius’
12 Once a Caian... statutes provided for 13 Fellows on his own and previous foundations, and for as many more as might be supported by benefactions in the future, and, when he provided for major collegiate decisions to be taken by the Master and Fellows “for the time being”, he drew no distinction between categories of Fellowship. How then did those decisions come to be taken by the Master and the 12 Senior Fellows to the complete exclusion of those other Fellows? And how did the 13 become 12? A third question raises the delicate issue of Dividend: Caius was particularly anxious to ensure that neither the capital nor the revenue of the College should be shared out among the members of the Governing Body, and he went to great lengths to provide that this should not happen and particularly that any surplus in the income of the College after the payment of stipends should not be divided among the Master and Fellows but retained for corporate endowment. Yet within less than a lifetime the concept of a stipend had been supplemented by that of a dividend, and the Master and Fellows were sharing out a part of the rents among themselves. These three questions provoked little dissent before the 19th century. Not so a fourth question which was the subject of bitter lawsuits in the 17th and 18th centuries: the Master’s Negative Vote and the constitutional relationship between the Master and the Fellows in respect of decisions required by the statutes to be taken by them both. Caius had provided very specifically that the Master should have an effective negative vote in any decisions for which his statutes required the assent of the Master and a majority of the Fellows; in other words, what was required was a vote of the Master and a majority of the Fellows, not that of a majority of the Master and Fellows. What made for conflict was Caius’ further direction that, in the event of a failure to agree on the crucial issue of the election of a Fellow, the Master should be entitled to take the decision by default after a period of delay. It is not surprising that the point was argued throughout the following centuries despite Caius’ very specific direction on the matter: it resulted in litigation in the time of Branthwaite early in the 17th century, and again in the 18th during the Mastership of Sir John Ellis (“com’only called the divel of Keys”). The point was more arguable than it might seem, for, it raised the nice question whether Caius’ statute conflicted with a direction that Bateman had given and was thereby invalid. For the historian Caius’ statutes reveal, in addition to a remarkable wealth of detail on the management of leasehold and copyhold land, many small and mundane aspects of the structure and daily life of the College in the 16th century that have remained largely unremarked since Venn’s time. For example,
...Always a Caian 13 the allocation of rooms; the precise rules for the opening and shutting of the gates and the retention of the medieval gate into Gonville Court as the main gate of the College even after the creation of the Gate of Virtue and that of Humility; the tenure, duties and responsibilities of the different College Officers; the different classes of membership of the College, some of which have long since disappeared, and the rigid separation of those classes at the meal-table. The statutes also demonstrate repeatedly Caius’ reaction to the parlous state in which he found the College’s finances when he returned to Cambridge, and his resulting concern for the preservation of the College’s corporate capital and the establishment of an adequate system of accounts and records to protect it: the long Second Part of the statutes is devoted to remarkably minute and detailed instructions for the preservation of the freehold and copyhold estates that provided the college’s only form of investment. But above all his statutes reveal the change in his personality that seems to have occurred in the period between the first rough draft of his ideas for statutes sketched out in 1557 before the formal grant of the Charter and the final version he dictated in 1571 or 1572. He must always have had a severe temperament, but in 1557, when he set out rules and specified punishments for infringing them in his draft statutes, he had been content to do just that; as a result they are like those of any other parliamentary, university or college statutes. By 1572 he had become obsessed with man’s moral frailty and the value of retributive justice and the effectiveness of punishment: not content with formulating rules and specifying appropriate punishments he felt impelled to impart to the reader his philosophical musings on the moral justification for such rules and punishment at great length and in complex syntax – it is almost as if he was appending the sort of political preamble that Henry VIII’s ministers were wont to prefix to his more stringent and repressive legislation. One would like very much to know when Caius’ musings began to appear in his statutes and whether they were only added in old age. Unfortunately we do not have the original version of the statutes that he promulgated in 1558, but one’s general impression is that the philosophical musings were probably added later at the time of the final version; for they tend to appear at the end of the relevant statute and to be in a much more opaque wording and style. Given that no similar pre-occupation with human fraility pervades the other numerous works that he wrote in his old age, one wonders how far this particular characteristic of the Statutes is due to the fractious disputes that occurred in College in the later years of his Mastership.
It has long been recognised that Caius was a disillusioned and dying man by the time that he withdrew to London shortly before his death in 1573, and the final straw in his disillusion must have been the shameful ransacking of his rooms and the public burning of their ‘popish’ contents in December 1572, probably in the very court that he had just provided for the College entirely out of his own money. That event has prompted the belief that his quarrels with the Fellows were predominantly religious in origin and arose principally out of doctrinal differences with the majority of them. We should however guard against the assumption that the emphasis on moral frailty that pervades his statutes arose solely, or even principally, from disputes with the Fellowship generally over religious doctrine or liturgy. In particular, one must guard against the assumption that the gloomy character of his statutes reflects his reaction to the ransacking: It could not have done so. A reading of the statutes leads one to doubt whether religious differences were the root of his quarrels with the Fellowship. It is true that his most vocal opponents were zealous and intolerant young reformers who trumpeted the charge of popery against him, and it is also true that he was ‘guilty’ of preserving in his rooms such evidence of popery as ornate vestments, old chalices and other vessels of precious metal, and that, as his provision for no less than five organists in his statutes shows, he was anxious to preserve the use of far more music in services in the chapel than the reformers of Edward VI’s reign had prescribed. There is, however, good reason to suppose that the impetus for the shameful event of 1572 came predominantly from outside the College and a few hotheads within it rather than from the majority of the Fellowship. Moreover, there is relatively little in his statutes that would be objectionable on doctrinal grounds to most reformers of those early years of Elizabeth’s reign such as his long-term friend Matthew Parker, or indeed to Elizabeth herself. The direction for the celebration of the feast of the Conception of the Virgin Mary and the observance of exequies are perhaps the only two such instances, and even there Caius was careful to require exequies only if they were allowed by the law of the land. Caius venerated the past and his loving preservation of precious and beautiful artifacts of the past is as easily explained by that veneration as by any yearning to restore popery. It seems more likely that the root of the disagreements lay in the overriding role that Caius accorded to the Master in the statutes. This must have been intolerable to the Fellows, particularly when that office was held by someone as autocratic as he undoubtedly was. His statutes vested in the
The Letters Patent of Edward III, dated 28 January 1348, licensing Edmund Gonville to found a college for twenty scholars in Cambridge.
Master unqualified power over the day-today life of the College. As events continued to show in later centuries, it was inevitably a recipe for dispute with any Master as autocratic as Caius. It should not surprise us if the Fellows became increasingly restive under his government: he required that his entire statutes should be read out aloud to the Master and Fellows twice every year, and if the Fellows did in fact regularly have to undergo this penance, it should not surprise us if they became restive, or even if they became hot-headed reformers. Caius appears to have planned and formulated his statutes on his own and without the active assistance of anyone else. Bishop Bateman on the other hand was not in that position: he had experienced civil and canon lawyers to assist him, and, as Professor Brooke has hinted in his history of the College, his Official, Walter of Elveden, may well have played a greater role in producing them than he admitted. As a consequence, in comparison with Caius’ statutes, Bateman’s are far easier to read and comprehend, and they present far fewer ambiguities and obscurities to the lawyer who seek to apply them. Bateman’s statutes provoke searching questions, but they are of
a different kind from those which Caius’ statutes present. In Caius’ case the difficult problem is to work out what he meant. In the case of Bateman his meaning is nearly always far clearer and we have his original document against which scribal errors in later copies can – with patience – be detected. The challenge is quite different: the text was intentionally and significantly altered on at least two occasions in those copies by which it was transmitted to Caius and later generations. The first occasion saw the elimination of any reference to Bateman’s statutes for Trinity Hall, and the other the formulation of the ‘Norfolk preference’. The task is to answer why and when those changes were done and whether Caius was aware that they had been made. We have to unravel, first, what happened in the years between 1353 and 1557; then, how far Caius was aware in 1557 of what had happened and how he responded; and, finally, what part those changes played in the lawsuits between the Master and the Fellows in the 17th and 18th centuries. The first is a task for medieval historians; the second is for translators of Caius’ statutes; and the third is for lawyers reading the reports of those lawsuits.
14 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 15
and presented an account of his findings in the Caian of that year (Vol. I, pp104-106). Lock makes the statement that the grave was in the north east corner of the medieval chapel, quoting articles by John Lamb, Bursar 1860-1876, and by William Warren of Trinity Hall, who saw the grave opened in 1719. Another source of information is the card which is kept with the plaster cast of Dr Caius’ skull. The card is unsigned but it describes the grave opening of 1891 and says that the vault is ‘below the window now filled in with stained glass to the memory of Professor Romanes’. This window is the first to the west of Dr Caius’ monument but the statement is too vague to locate the grave accurately. The next stage of the investigation was to ask James Cox, the college archivist, to search the Lock papers and other records to see whether even a simple sketch had been left in 1891 to show the precise grave location. There was nothing, but an interesting entry was found in the Gesta of 7th October 1891. It recorded a College Council decision to ‘place a brass plate on the wall of the chapel recording the position of the tomb of Dr Caius’. Council never rushes important matters of this kind and the task has yet to
Plan showing the location of Dr Caius’ grave (from a sketch by Michael Wood).
Michael Wood (1959)
be completed. We were thus unable to say (last summer) precisely where Dr Caius was buried – an unfortunate situation in relation to our founder of whom we are so proud. Michael learned of the plan for electrical rewiring of the chapel during the long vacation of 2009 and arranged for two floor boards between the Romanes window and Dr Caius’ monument to be lifted. Due notice of the operation was given and it was attended by the President, the Dean, Professor Brooke, Dr Joanna Appleby – our Archaeology Fellow and several others who were interested. The boards were kept up for three days so that everyone had an opportunity to inspect the opening.
ichael Wood (1959) often takes college visitors around the old courts using his experience as a Cambridge Blue Badge Guide as well as the knowledge gained from 50 years as a Fellow. In the chapel he shows guests Dr Caius’ monument high up on the wall and explains that the sarcophagus does not contain the body but that the actual grave is beneath the seating against the north wall. ‘But where, precisely?’ is the usual question. This enquiry leads to great embarrassment because Michael discovered that no one knew exactly where the grave actually was. Even Professor Christopher Brooke (1945), our college historian, was unable to provide an answer. He directed Michael to Venn’s article in the Biographical History (Vol. III, p.159) which stated that the grave was in the north east corner of the chapel as it was in 1573. That merely changes the question since no one knew with certainty the position of the east wall of the medieval chapel before the building was extended in 1637. Venn’s article, published in 1901 probably drew on the findings of J. B. Lock (1874), the College Bursar, who opened the grave in 1891
Michael Wood (1959) interviewed by James Howell (2009)
Dr Caius’ Grave
Left: Monument to John Caius Michael reports that the first on North Wall of Chapel. glimpse through the exposed gap showed a chaotic muddle. The brick vault grave was more or less where expected but it was criss-cross with seat support joints, central heating pipes and an electric cable. It could be seen by the light of torches and lamps that the vault was built with very pale yellow bricks, probably made from local gault. The bricks were so pale that they almost matched the loose white mortar which had Below: Michael Wood and Christopher been used to seal the slightly Brooke (1945) examining the grave when first uncovered. domed top of the vault. It is known that this local brick is sometimes called ‘white brick’. The two central heating pipes fed a heater beneath the front row of the adjacent seating. A fragment of newspaper of 1931 was found possibly indicating a date for the installation of the heater and pipes. The 1891 closure tablet was clearly seen. On a point of feet westwards from the inner detail, the inscription starts IOH. CAIUS. wall of the present east end of (IOH. presumably for Iohanes) rather than the chapel (excluding the apse) the JOH CAIUS recorded by Lock in the brings you to a line which is 2 Caian article. The grave dimensions inches outside the east end of corresponded with those given by Lock, the grave. It seems more than except that it was not possible to check the probable that this line identifies depth of 4 feet. The side of the grave the (internal) east end of the touching the north chapel wall appeared to medieval chapel. have been extended upwards by several brick Arrangements are in hand to courses, possibly as part of the substructure place a discreet plaque on a stair supporting the heavy monument, which was riser above the grave to mark originally positioned over the grave. This the burial location. Michael is single leaf of brickwork had been extended now able to answer questions continuously to the east and now forms the from college guests with support for each of the under-floor joists complete confidence. carrying the present seating. The extended brickwork has a single course of red brick and must be of a later date than the grave. It might possibly have been built in 1637 to support the seating of the time or in 1719 for the present seating. There was no other obvious discontinuity in the brickwork or ground adjacent to it which might have given an indication of the position of the east wall of the medieval chapel. The ground to the east of the grave appeared to have been consolidated with a top dressing of fine gravel beaten in to the surface. College accounts suggest that the chapel was extended in 1637 by 28 feet. It The closure tablet put in position by Lock (1874) in 1891, seen beneath two central heating pipes that run above is interesting that measuring 28 and along the grave.
16 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 17
Andrew Bryant (1998) interviewed by James Howell (2009)
n mid August, I travelled to Scampton in Lincolnshire to visit Flight Lieutenant Andy Bryant (1998) of the Royal Air Force Aerobatics Team – the Red Arrows. Andy is one of a team of 85 engineers, technicians and other staff who make up the Blues, the support team behind the Reds, each group identified by the colour of the flying suits they wear during the display season. As I skirted Lincoln I was already working on a title for my article; some form of wordplay on the theme of a Cambridge “Blue”. When I arrived at RAF Scampton, I was asked to wait in the coffee lounge where someone called Jengo would join me shortly. I was shown to a room, dominated by an enormous red massage chair and filled with trophies and memorabilia. In the centre was a coffee table piled with publicity posters and photographs awaiting the autographs of the celebrated flyers. As the room began to fill with relaxed and welcoming pilots in their distinctive red suits, I quickly realised that, in
the acronym filled world of the RAF, I was unlikely to hear my host referred to by anything other than Jengo, the Junior Engineering Officer. One of these young men made his way over and dropped lightly into the chair beside me, extending his hand in greeting. It was already time to think up a new title for my article; it turns out that Andy, as an officer, also wears a red flying suit. “It can be difficult at air shows” he explains, “Fans tend to assume that I’m one of the pilots and occasionally, after I’ve explained, they still ask for my autograph”.
Red Arrows performing a ‘Gypo Roll’ manoeuvre.
Flight Lieutenant Andy Bryant (1998), Junior Engineering Officer with the Red Arrows.
Andy comes from an RAF family, his father having recently retired after a 39 years career. He was supported throughout his education by RAF bursaries and scholarships and he was the first member of his family to go to University. Once at Cambridge he joined the University Air Squadron where, in addition to gaining valuable flying experience, he did courses in team and mountain leadership, free-fall parachuting, sailing, sub-aqua and skiing. He was Captain of the promotionwinning Rugby Club of 2001-2 and was a member of the 2002 May Ball Committee. Predictably, on leaving Cambridge in 2003, Andy joined the Royal Air Force. After Initial Officer Training and Engineer Specialist Training he was posted to RAF Wittering as Officer Commanding Support Engineering Flight. He was then selected to be a Junior Engineering Officer on the first operational Typhoon squadron based at Coningsby. Here Andy worked on bringing the new aircraft into commission and maintaining the operational aircraft of the squadron. Every three weeks for
over a year, a new £60 million plane would arrive, and Andy and his team would have to prepare it for active service with the squadron. In 2007 he moved to Yeovilton in Somerset and from fixed-wing aircraft to helicopters. As part of the Helicopter Engines Integrated Project Team, he was responsible for airworthiness and engineering policy for all Merlin and Apache engines, liaising with the manufacturers (Rolls Royce in Bristol and Turbomeca in Biarritz) and supporting operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Andy joined the Red Arrows in October 2009, as the annual display season came to an end. This is the time that all changes in the unit take place, most significantly in the nine member display team. Each year two or three new pilots join the team, and all get a new role within the formation, the exception being Red 1, the Officer Commanding, who always takes the position at the front of the formation. This year, however, it’s all change as Sqn Ldr Ben Murphy took over the squadron and moved up to the Red 1 slot. At the start of the new year the entire unit goes back to basics, a change marked by the putting away of the red flying suits, and returning to regulation green fatigues, until such time as the new flight is deemed fit for public display. Whilst the display team begins to rebuild, starting with small formations of three or four aircraft, Andy begins the task of giving each one of the BAE Systems Hawk aircraft an extensive overhaul. Six of the aircraft have been with the squadron since the Hawks were introduced to the squadron in 1979, making them almost exactly the same age as Andy. With only thirteen aircraft to play with, and a full overhaul taking between four and sixteen weeks, it is a complex operation to ensure that the engineering requirements do not conflict with the team’s training schedule. The engineers work in shifts from early morning to late at night to get the work completed in time. Through the winter the squadron work a five day week, flying three sorties each day. They build the formation first to a five ship “Enid”, an arrowhead formation of Reds 1-5, and eventually in February to their first full nine ship formation. Shortly after this, the squadron moves to Akrotiri in Cyprus, where clearer skies enable them to finalise their full display sequence. Only in mid-May, when they are awarded their Public Display Authority, will the new team don the Red flying suits for the start of the new season. During the display season, every day is meticulously planned. I was invited to attend the briefings, but Andy warned me of the need to be in my place by the time the bell sounded exactly one minute before the start of the session. The briefing room, not surprisingly, has ten red chairs at the front,
Andy Bryant accompanied by members of the Red Arrows Circus.
Andy inspecting the jet engine of BAE Systems Hawk.
one for each of the nine display pilots, and a tenth for the Road Manager, whose aircraft will usually be on view on the ground at air shows, and who will give commentaries on the display over the PA system. The first briefing of the day was administrative and meteorological. Andy had to report on issues that had been identified on any of the aircraft, and what action had been taken to remedy them. Andy left at this point to get the aircraft ready for the sortie and the second briefing was specifically about that morning’s display over Cromer. The full programme was run through, including the precise timings of manoeuvres, with each pilot describing the details of their individual movements. After this, an alternative fictional emergency
scenario was run through in exactly the same way, based on an assumption that one of the aircraft had an engine fire and had to leave the flight. Each pilot had to explain what they would do, and where they would fit into the new emergency formation. As soon as the briefing was over, the crews made their way to their aircraft, stopping briefly to collect their helmets and flying kit. Everything is done in a pre-determined manner, so any variation from the norm can be quickly identified. Out on the apron each Red had a corresponding member of the Blues engineering team, who had prepared the aircraft and was ready to run through the final checks before departure. These nine engineers form the Circus, which accompanies the team when it is away from base. Andy, as the only officer in this group, is responsible for Red 1 and when travelling between shows always occupies the second behind Sqn Ldr Murphy. The Cromer trip is a quick display followed by a return to Scampton, but in the afternoon the squadron was off for six days on a tour of the South Coast, starting with Bournemouth. Each Hawk has a small compartment into which luggage is stored, but before any personal effects are loaded, Andy has to ensure that there is a full set of emergency spares and tools, to cover any eventuality that might arise. Only then can they find room for a change of clothes and a toothbrush. Anything else must follow by road, and catch up with the team where it breaks at the end of the day. As I leave Scampton, and in perfect synchronicity, the squadron takes off for the next stage of its gruelling summer season. All photos: Crown Copyright
18 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 19 Tom Moriarty
Entry in the Matriculation Book for 1914 for Donald Charles Craigie, who was due to matriculate the College in October 1914. The page was prepared, and even signed by the Master, Hugh Anderson, but Craigie joined the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry instead, and had a distinguished war career winning the Military Cross at the Battle of Langemarck in August 1917, and Bar at the Battle of Menin Road Ridge in September 1917 where he was wounded and invalided back to Britain. He survived the war, but never took up his place at Caius. Matriculation books which include a record of all Caians since 1560.
he College Archives hold the historical record of the College, its evidential heart and soul, with material ranging from the foundation of the college to the present day. The archives house those administrative records that we are legally obliged to hold, and an ever increasing record of College life as told by the experiences of the Fellows, Students and staff. Many of the images and artefacts that appear in this and in previous issues of Once a Caian… are kept in the archives. This year I have been fortunate to have the assistance of several volunteers. Two second year student students, Eleanor Harding (2008) and Natasha Brown (2008) will give their own personal accounts of what their archives experience represents for them, but I would like to acknowledge the contribution that they have made this year, along with those of Lucy Björkegren (2009), Natalie Brown and Heather Berry. They have all assisted by researching and responding to queries from Caians and members of the general public.
Archives by James Cox, College Archivist
A core responsibility of the archive is to ensure the long term care of the material within its care. The College holds the material in strong rooms with appropriate temperature and humidity controls, set to cater for the general needs of all the material. The range of this material within the archives is rich and varied – paper parchment, DVD, photographs, newspapers,
Plan of the Manors of Croxley and Snellshall, prepared in 1828. These manors were part of Dr Caius’ original bequest to the College in 1557.
textiles, artefacts – all of which have different preservation requirements. Basic preservation techniques are used – we ensure that the material is handled in a correct way, for example wearing gloves when handling photographs, and the archives are boxed in archival quality material. Whenever possible, where material requires specialist care, we employ the services of very skilled conservators, who are able to advise and repair the documents to ensure their long term preservation. I hope all Caians will agree that the archives are a valuable and accessible resource, and I encourage them to contact us with their queries or their offerings. We are always looking for material to augment the collection, and especially to enlarge our photographic collection. So if you have old team photographs, menus or invitations
knocking about in drawers at home, which you would like to be preserved for future generations, I urge you to get in touch with a view to donating them to the College archives. I can be contacted by telephone on +44 (0)1223 332446 or by email at email@example.com
Estreats of Court Rolls from another of Dr Caius Manors, that of Runcton Manor in Norfolk. Lists of fines and amercements imposed by the manorial courts.
Embroidered heraldic banner of the College Crest. The gift, in 1993, of Elizabeth Crawley, granddaughter of Austin Durst (1894).
20 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 21
The Digital Generation by Natasha Brown (2008)
The Caius Henley Boat of 1908. A recent donation from James Hill (2009) who found it for sale on eBay. Sitting in the centre, in the white suit, is Sir Harold Gillies (1901), widely considered to be the father of plastic surgery for developing techniques of facial reconstruction during the First World War. Gillies is remembered at Caius today through the Sir Harold Gillies Bursary, established by the Caius Lodge, of which Gillies had been the Master
mongst the seemingly endless volumes of college records are a wealth of photographs collected or donated by members of the college. Through these photographs, and other sources, it’s possible to get a sense of what daily life was like at anytime between 1856, when the first group photograph in the Archive collection was taken, and the present day. Documenting the lives and experiences of recent Caians is of huge importance if the college archives are to remain relevant in fifty or a hundred years time. It seems, however, that the idea of preservation has almost been lost. For students of my generation it has become the norm to maintain a Facebook page; an online record of a person’s friends, social activities and day-to-day musings, rather than printed photographs and diaries. As third years, we may get the opportunity to contribute to a yearbook, which we’ll no doubt look over nostalgically over the coming decades and these yearbooks will make their way into the archives, along with the matriculation records and team photos, but it’s encouraging to see that DVDs and memory sticks can now be found in amongst the sepia shots solemn-looking men in blazers.
Volunteering in the Archives by Eleanor Harding (2008)
R Coombe’s Room, Caius. Photograph from an album donated by the family of George Webster (1880) who died in Hobart, Tasmania on 12 January 1911. Aside from this extraordinary staged photograph, of a gowned skeleton in the room of his friend Russell Coombe (1880) on H Staircase, Caius Court, this album contains several interesting views of the College from the 1880s.
or the majority of undergraduates at Caius, the Archives are an undiscovered domain lying hidden at the back of the Fellows’ Library. When, as a first year historian, I registered my interest in collections with my Director of Studies, I did not realise that within a month I would fortunate enough to be volunteering regularly with James Cox, the College Archivist. James, who has the gargantuan task of acting as College Archivist, Records Manager and Deputy Curator of Portraits proved to be a welcoming and enthusiastic host, only too eager to reveal what can appear to be hidden from the students. It wasn’t what I was expecting: there was no dusting, no magnifying glasses, and absolutely no white gloves when handling paper documents. I am always surprised by the constantly changing nature of the collection; every week I would be shown a new acquisition, ranging from a team photograph or an embroidered Caius crest to a letter containing new information about a former student. Many seem to be the donations of interested Caians, who have dug through their attics, or trawled eBay to discover stored mementos of times gone by. Better still are the days when we receive visitors, most frequently researchers, often with fascinating subjects for which the most esoteric material is pulled out. One of my key roles as a volunteer, which I also did for longer stretches in the Long Vacation of 2009 and 2010, is to answer the vast number of enquiries that flood in on subjects relating, sometimes only very tenuously, to the College. These are not only academic enquiries, and some of the most interesting have been those by family members of alumni. As children or grandchildren give us new information about the later lives of Caians, we continue the tradition of annotating the Biographical History of the College. There is always a moment of excitement when I realise that one day a future Archivist will read, in my handwriting, the information they need for an enquiry. At the start, my intention in volunteering at the Archives was highly career-orientated; successive careers advisers had hammered home the belief that work experience was the key to securing a job in the museums sector. However, it quickly became something much more, and I have gained so much personally from the experience. The archival experience has been one side; debates on politics over photographs of former student political party leaders has been another; a new appreciation for the Archivist’s favourite author, Arthur Conan Doyle, yet another. Greater accessibility to the Archives and a wider understanding and appreciation of the work done has now become one of the changes I’m most keen to see at Caius. Through working at the Archives and with material documenting the experiences of students since the fourteenth century, the traditions of the College, which once seemed archaic and unnecessary, have taken on a new meaning and have heightened my enthusiasm for college life.
22 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 23 James Howell
The Caius Fund I
n March, Caians from across the generations and the globe were called during our annual Telephone Campaign. One of the most popular events in our calendar, the Campaign has become a modern tradition, allowing Caians and parents to exchange anecdotes and news with current students. Thanks to the enduring generosity of the Caian community we have now met our Caius Fund targets in each of the three years since its introduction in 2008, providing funds for immediate expenditure around the College, and we would like to extend our heartfelt gratitude to all our donors.
The Research Fellow, Sarah Howe (2010) and College Lecturer, Helen Mott (2005) both funded by the 2010 Caius Fund. Rattee & Kett
What did your gifts achieve?
Restoration of the stonework on the Waterhouse Building made possible by the 2009 Caius Fund.
2010 Caius Fund Projects Harvey Court (Improvements to the Fitness Centre including provision of changing rooms and showers and installation of 36 solar panels)
A Research Fellowship (2010-14)
Student Support Fund (ten undergraduate Bursaries (2010-11) and one Graduate Studentship (2010-14))
Caius Court (Phase 1 refurbishment of historic fabric)
A College Lectureship for a University Teaching Officer (2010-13)
Library (books for undergraduates and restoration of medieval manuscripts and early printed books)
Tennis/Netball Court (at Sports Ground, complete refurbishment) £18,000 A Choral Scholarship (2010-13)
Your benefactions allowed us to restore the Waterhouse Building’s ailing stonework.
Your support funded ten Undergraduate Bursaries, three Postgraduate Studentships and a Choral Scholarship, thus helping us to ensure that no worthy student is denied a Caius education for financial reasons.
Your gifts enhanced the academic life of the College by supporting the library, allowing us to purchase new books and restore old ones, and by funding a Research Fellowship and two College Teaching Officers so that we can uphold our renowned supervision system.
You helped the Boat Club to hone their technique thanks to a new Four.
None of this would have been possible without the donations, large and small, that Caians, parents and friends have made, and we are immensely grateful. The 2010 Caius Fund is supporting a new range of projects which represent key areas of College life and a wide range of interests. We are delighted to say that, further to the resounding success of our 2010 Telephone Campaign, we have already achieved our Caius Fund 2010 target, raising a total of £656,000. We’re proud to have raised the largest Annual Fund in Cambridge, and we thank you for the support and generosity that have made this possible. This year’s Telephone Campaign student callers reflected the diversity of subjects and activities on offer at Caius. Their studies ranged from Theology to Physics, and their extra-curricular pursuits included feeding the homeless, volunteering in local schools, sports, drama and music. Why were students so eager to take part?
by Soraya Nassar Annual Fund Officer
Samira explained: “I’m really grateful to Caius; without my College bursary I couldn’t be here, and taking part in the Telephone Campaign is my way of saying ‘Thank you’”. Meanwhile Eva, when asked about her experiences during the campaign, observed: “Taking part in the campaign, I was amazed that I had some of the best conversations of my life with people I’ve never met. I was surprised but delighted by how strong the connection to College still
is for Caians of all ages”. Our 2010 student callers are an eclectic bunch, but they, like you, share a common sense of loyalty to Caius – and they really enjoyed to speaking to you!
The 2010 student callers and members of the Development Office
1 James Howell – Deputy Director of Development 2 Tom Watson – Development Assistant 3 Tom Moriarty – Alumni Assistant 4 Sani Thebe 5 Soraya Nassar – Annual Fund Officer 6 Katarina Hovden 7 Eva Zimmermann 8 Sir Christopher Hum 9 Samira Mezroui 10 Roma Kanabar 11 Imbert Wang 12 Bekah Ashworth 13 Pranav Khamar 14 Dr Anne Lyon – Director of Development 15 Mgawa Mkandawire 16 Bethan Staton 17 Lydia Crudge 18 Josh Baker 19 Irfan Rahman 20 Natalie Lilienthal 21 Di Shen 22 Christian Gowers 23 Charlotte Fleming 24 Sneha Ramakrishnan
24 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 25 Mr G Wassell Dr P J Watkins Dr J Winter *
Thank You! Gonville & Caius College Development Campaign Benefactors The Master and Fellows express their warmest thanks to all Caians, Parents and Friends of the College who have generously made donations in the last four years. Your gifts are greatly appreciated as they help to maintain the College’s excellence for future generations. 1926 Dr P W Hutton * 1929 Dr R F Jarrett 1930 Mr L J Burrows * 1933 Dr P P Brown * Professor E C Ryder * 1934 Mr M B Coyle * Dr S C Gold Professor R A Shooter Mr G D Woolley * 1935 Mr E S Howarth * Maj Gen I H Lyall Grant 1936 Dr J A Black Dr R E Danckwerts Mr J D L Drower Sir Peter Thornton 1937 Mr R E M Le Goy * Mr J H Page Dr J W Squire * 1938 Mr R L Bickerdike Dr M H Clement Mr R R Darlington * Mr M P Lam Mr M M A Ramsay Mr P H Schurr Mr J A Seldon 1939 Mr J H Arrowsmith-Brown The Revd Canon R S C Baily Mr T C Beswick * Mr H A H Binney Dr J P Clayton Mr C H De Boer Professor A E Flatt Mr A R McMurchy Mr J P Phillips 1940 Dr C M Attwood Mr D A Bailey * Dr J E Blundell Mr R F Crocombe Mr G H Dix Mr M L Dowling * Mr P Goodman * Dr W S Griffiths * Dr R F Payne Dr D N Seaton Mr F P S Strickland Mr S K Walker 1941 Mr D M C Ainscow Mr F H Butler Dr W H Davies * Mr W M Ebden Mr J B Frost Mr H C Hart Dr J K Hulm * Mr M G Manby Dr J M S McCoy Dr J A McDonald Dr W R Throssell 1942 Mr P H B Allsop * Mr K V Arrowsmith
Mr D E C Callow Mr K C J Case Mr R A Escoffey The Rt Hon The Lord Flowers * Mr A A Green Dr G A Jones Dr K M McNicol Dr A R Merrill * Dr R H B Protheroe Mr C Ravenhill Dr E V Rowsell Professor E M Shooter Mr E R Slater Professor A Steele-Bodger * Mr M A H Walford Mr L C Watson Dr A R H Worssam 1943 Professor J A Balint Dr R Barnes Mr C H Devonald Mr W L Fryer Professor R H Garstang * Dr W M Gibson Professor P Gray Professor R Harrop Mr G E Heald Mr A G H House Professor L G Jaeger Mr C H Kelley Dr C Kingsley Mr P S Morrell Mr H Piggott * Mr J B Self Dr J W M Stone * Mr J W H Thomas * Dr W R Walsh Mr A M Wild 1944 Mr P J Bexson * Air Vice Marshal G C Cairns * Mr W G Carey Dr E A Cooper Mr N S Day Mr P G Hebbert Mr B S Helliwell * Mr D J Hyam The Revd G H Jones Dr H K Litherland Dr J L Milligan Mr N T Roderick Mr W T D Shaddick Mr R C Shepherd * Mr M R Steele-Bodger Mr D J Storey Mr D J Treweek Mr G G Watkins * Mr J A Wells-Cole 1945 Dr M D Billington Professor C N L Brooke Dr J M H Dickson * Professor Sir Sam Edwards Mr K Hansen Mr J L Harrison Mr R K Hayward Mr P A L Jones * Mr F R McManus Mr D E Rae Mr I W Roberts Dr F C Rutter Professor J V Smith * Mr J L Somervell * Dr J C S Turner 1946 Mr G Aspden Dr D A P Burton Mr G G Campbell Dr W J Colbeck Mr D V Drury
Dr J R Edwards Professor J T Fitzsimons Mr K Gale Dr A F Hignell Professor B S Jay * Mr G R Kerpner The Revd Canon A M Percival Smith Dr R F Sellers The Revd P A Tubbs His Honour Judge Vos Dr I Weinbren 1947 Mr K J Gardner * Mr F N Goode Mr J M S Keen Mr H Latham Mr D L Low * Mr N E A Moore * The Revd J D Philips Mr R J Sellick Mr A C Struvé The Revd Canon C N Tubbs * Mr R B R Watkin Mr H G Way 1948 Dr P C W Anderson Dr A R Baker Mr E J Chumrow Mr D P Crease Mr D E Creasy Professor N C H Dunbar Mr E V A Escoffey Mr T Garrett Mr L J Harfield Mr R C Harris Mr W A O Jacob Professor J F Mowbray Mr J B Pond The Revd Canon A Pyburn Mr J Sanders Mr R D Shaw Mr P R Shires * Dr M J Turner Dr R S Wardle
Professor F H C Crick * Mr R G Dunn Mr B L Edwards Mr I M Firth Mr W J Gowing Maj J R Grogan Dr A C Halliwell Professor J C Higgins Dr M I Lander Professor N L Lawrie Mr A J Lloyd Mr G S Lowth Mr D Malcolm * Dr F Mansfield Dr P B McFarlane Mr S M Mohsin Mr D L H Nash Dr S W B Newsom Mr A G C Paish Mr D S Paravicini Mr J A Potts Mr G D C Preston Mr M J Prichard Mr D A Skitt Dr J M Smyth Mr D B Swift Mr J S H Taylor Mr R G Taylor Mr S P Thompson The Revd Canon Dr S H Trapnell Mr W A J Treneman Mr L F Walker The Revd P Wright Mr P L Young
1949 The Hon Hugh Arbuthnott Mr M A Bardsley Mr A G Beaumont Mr A Birch * Professor L L Cavalli-Sforza The Rt Hon the Lord Chorley Dr J T Cooke Mr K J A Crampton Mr R D Emerson Dr J H Gervis Mr J J H Haines Mr M J Harrap Mr R T Harrison Mr E C Hewitt Mr D H Jones Dr R N B Kay Mr J H Kelsey Mr J C Kilner Mr F E Loeffler Mr C E C Long Mr A F C Morris * Mr A M Nicol Mr J Norris Mr W R Packer Mr I G Richardson Mr A W Riley Dr D A Thomas Mr J F Walker Mr G R W Willcocks
1951 Dr R A Aiken Mr A C J Appleyard * Professor E Breitenberger Mr J R Brooke Mr G H Buck Dr A J Cameron Mr J M Cochrane Mr R N Dean The Revd N S Dixon Mr W L J Fenley Mr R B Gauntlett Dr F B Gibberd * Dr J E Godrich Dr N J C Grant The Revd P T Hancock The Revd Canon A R Heawood Mr J P M Horner Mr G S Jones Professor L L Jones Mr R K Laidlaw Mr M H Lemon Mr I Maclean Mr E R Maile Mr P T Marshall Mr P S E Mettyear Mr J K Moodie Mr B H Phillips Mr O J Price Mr S Price Dr R S O Rees Mr J C Riddell Mr M A C Saker The Revd T J Surtees Mr J E Sussams Mr A R Tapp Mr S R Taylor Mr P E Walsh Mr C H Walton Professor M J Whelan Mr P Zentner
1950 Mr G A Ash Dr A E Ashcroft Mr J G Carpenter Professor P S Corbet *
1952 Dr A R Adamson Mr J S Bailey Professor J E Banatvala Lt Gen Sir Peter Beale
Dr M Brett Mr D Bullard-Smith Dr C J Carr Mr C J Dakin Mr R F Dawson Mr C B d'A Fearn Mr G Garrett Dr T W Gibson Mr E S Harborne Mr J A G Hartley Squadron Leader John Hereford Mr D B Hill Mr E J Hoblyn Mr A D E Howell Mr G M B Hudson * Professor G W Kirby Dr F A MacMillan Dr T S Matthews * The Revd D K Maybury Dr C W McCutchen The Rt Hon the Lord Morris of Aberavon Mr P J Murphy Dr M J O'Shea Mr S L Parsonson Mr J W N Petty * Dr M J Ramsden Dr N Sankarayya Mr J de F Somervell Professor J C Southam Mr D Webb Mr R P Wilding Mr J Woodward 1953 Dr N A Atalla Mr A J Bacon * Mr M K A Baig Dr N C Balchin Mr S F S Balfour-Browne Mr D W Barnes Mr P F Bates Mr K C A Blasdale Professor A Brock Mr J M Bruce Mr L W J Bunch Mr T Copley Mr P H Coward Dr P M B Crookes Dr D Denis-Smith Dr A H Dinwoodie Mr P R Dolby Professor S A Durrani The Revd H O Faulkner Professor C du V Florey Mr G H Gandy Mr B V Godden Mr H J Goodhart Mr C G Heywood Mr B Higgs * Mr M A Hossick Mr C B Johnson Dr D H Keeling Professor J G T Kelsey Mr J E R Lart Mr R Lomax Mr D S Mair Dr D M Marsh Dr H Matine-Daftary Dr M J Orrell Mr D H O Owen Mr E C O Owen Mr D Piggot * Mr J F Pretlove Mr T I Rand Mr J P Seymour Mr I P Sharp Mr P T Stevens Mr B J Sydenham * Mr J Turner Professor B O West Mr J A Whitehead Professor J S Wigglesworth Professor Sir Christopher Zeeman
1954 Professor M P Alpers Mr D R Amlot Mr J Anton-Smith Mr J L Ball Professor J H J Bancroft Mr D G Batterham Mr D W Bouette Mr D J Boyd Professor C B Bucknall Dr R J Cockerill Mr G Constantine Mr D I Cook Dr D B Davies Dr J M G Davis Mr P Ducat Mr P H C Eyers Professor J Fletcher Professor J Friend Dr A E Gent Dr A J Gordon * Professor N J Gross Dr J P Gurney * Mr M J Harding Mr J D Heap Mr R A Hockey Dr M C Holderness * Mr R J Horton Mr R W J Hubank Mr R A Lovelace Dr K A Macdonald-Smith * Dr F P Marsh The Rt Revd C J Mayfield Mr R G McDougall Mr R W Montgomery Mr D J Nobbs Mr J O'Hea Mr B C Price Mr R M Reeve Sir Gilbert Roberts Mr T W J Ruane Dr J M S Schofield Mr D Stanley Mr M H W Storey Mr P E Thomas 1955 Mr C F Barham Mr M W Barrett Mr J A Brooks Mr A L S Brown Dr J H Brunton Mr A R Campbell Dr M Cannon Professor P D Clothier Mr A A R Cobbold Dr C K Connolly Mr J R Currie Mr F S Curtis Professor K G Davey Dr R A Durance Mr R Hall Professor R E W Halliwell Mr C B C Johnson Professor J J Jonas Dr T G Jones The Rt Hon Sir Paul Kennedy Mr A H Kidd Mr M E Lees Dr L Lyons Mr J J Moyle Dr P J Noble Dr J P A Page Mr C H Prince Lt Col C B Pritchett Mr A R Prowse Mr A B Richards The Revd J G Russell Professor L S Sealy Mr J A B Taylor Mr J D Taylor Mr H W Tharp Mr T J Threlfall Dr R B Walton
1956 Professor D Bailin Dr R J Balcombe Mr C P L Braham Mr J M Butterfield Dr N G I Cawdry Mr J A Cecil-Williams Mr G B Cobbold Dr R Cockel Mr A C Constable Mr A G A Cowie Dr J P Cullen Professor J S Edwards Mr J A L Eidinow Professor G H Elder Mr J K Ferguson Mr M J L Foad Professor J A R Friend Mr R Gibson Professor A H Gomme * Mr P H Gray Mr M L Holman Mr G J A Household Professor I M James Professor A J Kirby His Honour Judge Levy Mr R B Lewis Mr J D Lindholm Dr R G Lord Mr P A Mackie Mr B J McConnell Dr H E McGlashan Mr A D Moore The Revd Canon P B Morgan Dr B E Mulhall Mr J F Newsome * Mr P A R Niven Mr B M Nonhebel Mr T R R O'Conor The Rt Revd J K Oliver Professor L L Pasinetti Mr A J Peck Mr J A Pooles Mr J J C Procter Mr T J Reynish Mr J M Rice Mr C Ridsdill-Smith Mr C J D Robinson Professor D K Robinson Mr T S Rowan Mr I Samuels Mr & Mrs I L Smith Mr R R W Stewart Mr D F Sutton Mr C W Swift Mr R C Tongue * Mr A A Umur Mr A G Webb Mr H de V Welchman Dr R D Wildbore Dr D L Wynn-Williams 1957 Mr A B Adarkar Mr W E Alexander Mr N Alwyn Dr I D Ansell Dr N D Barnes Professor V E Barnes II Mr D H Beevers Mr G Boxall Mr T Bunn Dr J P Charlesworth Mr B H Clarke Mr M L Davies Dr T W Davies Mr E J Dickens Dr B R Eggins Professor A F Garvie Mr C P Giles Mr J D Henes The Very Revd Dr M J Higgins Mr E M Hoare Mr A S Holmes Professor F C Inglis Mr A J Kemp Mr A J Lambell Mr J L Leonard Mr T F Mathias Dr R T Mathieson Professor A J McClean Dr B J McGreevy Mr D Moller Mr M F Neale Mr A W Newman-Sanders Dr M J Nicklin Mr T Painter Mr R D Perry
Professor J E Phillips Mr A P Pool The Rt Hon Sir Mark Potter Dr R Presley Mr N M B Prowse Mr N R B Prowse Mr P W Sampson Dr J R R Stott Professor J N Tarn Mr O N Tubbs The Rt Hon the Lord Tugendhat Mr C B Turner The Revd Professor G Wainwright Dr D G D Wight Mr R Willcocks Dr A Wright 1958 Mr C Andrews Professor R P Bartlett Mr J E Bates Dr J F A Blowers Dr H G Bowden Mr T J Brack Mr J P B Bryce Mr J D G Cashin Mr B C Copestake Sir Peter Crane Professor A R Crofts Mr A B Cross Dr J M Davies Mr J A Dixon Mr K Edgerley Sir David Frost Mr A W Fuller The Rt Hon the Lord Geddes Mr D T Goldby Mr W P N Graham Dr M T Hardy Mr P L Havard Professor F W Heatley Mr D M Henderson Mr J A Honeybone Dr P F Hunt Professor J O Hunter Mr H I Hutchings Mr N A Jackson Dr D J Johnson Mr J R Kelly Dr G N W Kerrigan Mr G D King Dr R P Knill Jones Mr E A B Knowles Dr W J Macpherson Mr R D Martin Mr C P McKay Mr R W Minter Mr R M Morgan Sir Douglas Myers, KNZM, CBE Mr T S Nelson Dr J V Oubridge Mr R H Pedler Mr V H Pinches Mr E A Pollard Mr G D Pratten Mr J D Pybus Mr F C J Radcliffe Mr M Roberts Mr M P Ruffle Sir Colin Shepherd Lord Simon of Highbury Dr F D Skidmore Mr A Stadlen Sir Keith Stuart Mr A J Taunton Professor B J Thorne Mr C M Usher Dr G A Walker 1959 Mr C J C Bailey Dr D J Beale Mr J A Brewer Mr J A Brooks Dr D E Brundish Mr S H Buchan * Mr J L Cookson Dr W D Davison Dr A G Dewey Mr J E Drake Mr B Drewitt The Revd T C Duff Mr W Eden The Rt Revd D R J Evans Professor J E Fegan Mr P E J Forster Mr G A Geen Dr J A Gibson Mr T A J Goodfellow Mr D N C Haines The Revd Dr R G Hamerton-Kelly Mr M J D Keatinge
Dr C J Ludman Mr C J Methven Mr M M Minogue Dr C T Morley His Honour Judge Mott Mr M H O’Brian Mr A F Oliver Mr R O Quibell Mr J H Riley Mr J M Roberts-Jones The Revd D G Sharp Professor Q R D Skinner Mr G S H Smeed Dr I Sykes Mr J E Trice Professor P J Tyrer Dr I G Van Breda Dr A G Weeds Dr M D Wood Mr P J Worboys 1960 Mr J G Barham Mr H V Beck Mr T D Belopopsky * Mr B C Biggs Mr A J MacL Bone Dr A D Brewer Dr D I Brotherton Dr G M Clarke Mr M G Collett His Honour Judge Cowell Professor E R Dobbs Dr C H Gallimore Mr R C F Gray Dr D F Hardy Dr R Harmsen Dr A B T Heng Dr R M Keating Mr A Kenney Dr J A Lord Professor J S Mainstone The Revd Dr A W Marks Dr P Martin Mr M B Maunsell Mr R A McAllister Mr C D McLaren Dr H F Merrick Mr P J Milne * Dr E L Morris Mr J A Nicholson Mr M O’Neil Mr P Paul Professor A E Pegg Dr A T Ractliffe Mr P G Ransley Dr R A Reid Mr C W M Rossetti The Revd P Smith Professor W D Stein Professor M S Symes Mr H J M Tompkins Dr M T R B Turnbull Professor P S Walker Professor M S Walsh Mr A A West Mr J D Wilkin Mr D H Wilson Mr N J Winkfield Mr R D S Wylie Dr G R Youngs Dr A M Zalin 1961 Professor G G Balint-Kurti Mr A D Bell Professor Sir Michael Berridge Professor R S Bird Mr J P Collins * Dr M D Dampier Mr J O Davies Dr J S Denbigh Mr D K Elstein Mr J A G Fiddes Mr M J W Gage Dr J M Gertner Mr D W Graham Mr M D Harbinson Mr P Haskey Mr R T Jump Dr A B Loach Mr A W B MacDonald Mr R G McMillan Professor P B Mogford Dr R M Moor Professor R J Nicholls Mr J Owens Dr J M Pelmore Mr C H Pemberton Mr M E Setchell, CVO Dr R I A Swann Dr I G Thwaites
Dr M P Wasse Mr V D West Dr N E Williams Mr R J Wrenn 1962 Dr J S Beale Mr D J Bell Dr C R de la P Beresford Mr P S L Brice Mr R A C Bye Dr D Carr Mr P D Coopman Mr T S Cox Col M W H Day Mr N E Drew Mr W R Edwards Mr M Emmott Professor Sir Alan Fersht Mr J R A Fleming Dr T Garrett * Mr H M Gibbs Mr T M Glaser Mr A D Harris Mr D Hjort Professor A R Hunter Mr P O Hutchings Mr P A C Jennings Mr J W Jones Dr D M Keith-Lucas Mr J W D Knight Professor J M Kosterlitz Mr A J C Lodge Mr F J Lucas Professor Sir Andrew McMichael Mr G N Meadon Revd Dr Clifford Owen Mr T K Pool Mr N Redway Dr G A W Ross Mr G A Shindler Dr R N F Simpson Mr R Smalley Dr P J W Smith Mr M J Starks Mr R B R Stephens Mr A M Stewart Mr J D Sword Mr W J G Travers Mr F R G Trew Mr M G Wade Mr D R F Walker Mr D W B Ward Mr G J Weaver Mr H N Whitfield Mr R G Williams Mr R G Wilson 1963 Dr P J Adams Mr P N Belshaw Dr T G Blaney Dr J A Clark Dr C R A Clarke Mr E F Cochrane Mr R M Coombes Mr T R Drake Mr S W Emanuel Dr H P M Fromageot Mr J E J Goad Mr A J Grants Mr P M G B Grimaldi Mr N K Halliday Sir Thomas Harris Dr M A Hopkinson Dr R H Jago Mr N T Jones Mr B L Kerr Mr M S Kerr Dr R W F Le Page Professor W Y Liang Mr D A Lockhart Mr J W L Lonie Dr C W Mitchell Mr V L Murphy Mr D B Newlove Mr W N Padfield Dr J R Parker Mr M J Pitcher Dr J S Rainbird Mr P A Rooke Dr J Striesow Professor D J Taylor Sir Quentin Thomas The Hon Mr Justice Tugendhat Mr P H Veal Mr D J Walker Dr R F Walker Mr J D Wertheim Dr J R C West Dr M J Weston Mr A N Wilson
1964 Consul General Niyazi Adali Professor T ap Rees * Mr D P H Burgess Mr G E Churcher Dr H Connor Dr N C Cropper Mr H L S Dibley Mr R A Dixon Mr M Elland-Goldsmith * Dr P G Frost Mr A K Glenny Professor H Gohain Mr G A Gray Dr R J Greenwood Professor N D F Grindley Sir John Hall Mr M J Hall Professor K O Hawkins Mr B D Hedley Mr J Horsfall Turner Dr P Hutchinson Mr P T Inskip Mr A Kirby Dr T Laub Professor S H P Maddrell Dr H M Mather Mr S J Mawer Mr C J Meux Dr L E M Miles Professor D V Morgan Mr R Murray Mr A K Nigam Dr B V Payne Mr J H Poole Dr W T Prince Professor N W Read Professor N Y Rivier Dr C N E Ruscoe Mr J F Sell Dr N M Suess Dr R Tannenbaum Mr J G Waghorn Dr T B Wallington Dr F J M Walters Mr R C Wells Mr I R Woolfe 1965 Dr J E J Altham Professor L G Arnold Professor B C Barker Mr R Bhoothalingam Mr A M Brownett Mr N M Burton Mr R A Charles Sir Christopher Clarke Dr C M Colley Mr H J Elliot The Hon Lord Nigel Emslie Dr W J Fielding Mr J H Finnigan Dr N Gane Dr M J Gawel Mr A J Habgood Mr J Harris Dr D A Hattersley The Revd P Haworth His Honour Judge Holman Mr R P Hopford Mr I V Jackson Dr R G Jezzard Dr R R Jones Professor A S Kanya-Forstner Mr J R H Kitching Dr H J Klass The Hon Dr J F Lehman Dr M J Maguire Dr P J Marriott His Honour Judge Morris Mr T Mullett Mr A R Myers Dr P B Oelrichs Mr C F Pinney Professor C V Reeves Dr P D Rice Dr J G Robson Mr R N Rowe Mr A C Scott Professor J D Skinner Mr I D K Thompson Mr G J White 1966 Mr M J Barker Mr J D Battye Professor D Birnbacher Dr D S Bishop Mr N T W Bourhill Dr J P Calvert Mr P Chapman Dr C I Coleman
Mr S J Cook Dr K R Daniels Dr T K Day Mr C R Deacon Mr D P Dearden Mr P S Elliston Mr J R Escott Mr D R Harrison Dr L E Haseler Mr R E Hickman Mr R Holden Professor R C Hunt Dr R Jackson Professor S L Lightman Mr G G Luffrum Mr M C Mansfield Dr A A Mawby Professor P M Meara Mr P V Morris Mr S M Poster Mr N F Riddle Mr K W Rose Dr R L Stone Mr J A Strachan Mr N E Suess Mr D Swinson Mr J F Wardle Mr W J Watts Mr D F White Mr S M Whitehead Mr J M Williams Mr P E Wilson The Revd R J Wyber 1967 Mr G W Baines Mr N J Burton Mr P G Cottrell Mr P McC Cyriax Mr G C Dalton Dr W Day Dr M C Frazer Dr V A C Gatrell Mr P E Gore Mr T Hashimoto Mr D G Hayes Professor D R Hayhurst Mr C R Hayton Professor R G Holloway Dr W Y-C Hung Mr M D Hutchinson Mr N G H Kermode Mrs H Kirby * Mr R J Lasko Mr D I Last Dr I D Lindsay Professor J Milton-Smith Mr T W Morton Mr A M Peck Professor N P Quinn Mr S D Reynolds Mr J S Richardson Mr P Routley Professor J B Saunders Mr H J A Scott Mr G T Slater Mr C J Thompson The Revd Dr J D Yule Professor G J Zellick 1968 Dr M J Adams Mr I M D Barrett Dr F G T Bridgham Mr A C Cosker Professor A W F Edwards Mr J C Esam The Revd D B Fenlon Mr J M Fordham Mr R J Furber Mr D P Garrick Dr E M Gartner Professor P W Gatrell Mr D S Glass The Rt Hon the Lord Goldsmith Mr M D Hardinge Mr P A Hier Mr D J Laird Mr N J Lewis Professor R J A Little Dr D H O Lloyd Mr B A Mace Mr J I McGuire Dr J Meyrick Thomas Mr E J Nightingale Mr J A Norton Dr I D A Peacock Dr T G Powell Dr P G Reasbeck Mr E Robinson Mr P S Shaerf Mr P J E Smith
26 Once a Caian... Mr V Sobotka Dr B Teague Mr P J Tracy Dr M McD Twohig Dr J P H Wade Dr G S Walford Dr D P Walker Dr P R Willicombe 1969 Dr S C Bamber Mr S E Bowkett Mr M S Cowell The Rt Revd A K Cragg Dr M K Davies Mr J M Denker * Dr M W Eaton Professor D J Ellar Mr R J Field Dr J P Fry Dr C J Hardwick Professor A D Harries Mr J S Hodgson Mr M J Hughes Mr D R Hulbert Mr A Keir Mr R L Kottritsch Dr I R Lacy Mr C J Lloyd Mr R G McGowan Dr D W McMorland Dr T F Packer Mr A N Papathomas Mr P J M Redfern Mr N R Sallnow-Smith Mr I Taylor Mr A P Thompson-Smith Mr B A H Todd Mr P B Vos Mr A J Waters Mr C R J Westendarp Dr N H Wheale Professor D R Widdess Mr D A Wilson Mr P J G Wright 1970 Mr J Aughton Dr M E Boxer Mr D Brennan Dr C W Brown Mr R Butler Dr D D Clark-Lowes Mr G J H Cliff Mr R P Cliff Mr D Colquhoun Professor P J Evans Mr L P Foulds Mr J D Gwinnell Mr N A J Harper Professor J A S Howell Mr C A Jourdan Mr J S Kilner * Mr N R Kinnear Mr J H Lambie Mr M J Langley Mr B S Missenden Dr S Mohindra Mr A J Neale Mr C G Penny Professor D J Reynolds Mr W R Roberts Dr I N Robins Mr B Z Sacks Dr R D S Sanderson Mr D C Smith Dr S A Sullivan Mr I R Watson Professor R W Whatmore 1971 Dr J P Arm Mr H A Becket Mr S Brearley Mr J A K Clark Mr P D M Dunlop Mr J A Duval Professor D M Hausman Mr N R Holliday Professor D J Jeffrey Dr P Kinns Dr J D Klinger Dr N P Leary Dr J M Levitt Dr P T W Lyle Dr P G Mattos Mr R I Morgan Mr I A Murray Mr & Mrs N D Peace Dr A J Reid Professor P Robinson Dr P T Such
...Always a Caian 27 Mr P A Thimont Mr A H M Thompson Dr S Vogt Mr C G Young 1972 Mr M H Armour Mr A B S Ball Mr D R Barrett Mr J P Bates Dr D N Bennett-Jones Mr S M B Blasdale Mr S N Bunzl Mr I J Buswell Professor J R Chapman Mr J G Cooper Mr C G Davies Mr P A England Mr J E Erike Mr P J Farmer Mr C Finden-Browne Mr W J Furber Mr R H Gleed Mr A D Greenhalgh Professor R A L H Gunawardana Mr P G Hadley Mr R S Handley Dr R A Harrad Dr M J F Humphries Mr A M Hunter Johnston Professor W L Irving Mr P B Kerr-Dineen Mr D E Lamb Dr D R Mason Mr J R Moor Mr R E Perry Mr M D Roberts Professor A T H Smith Dr T D Swift Mr P J Taylor The Revd Dr R G Thomas Mr R E W Thompson Mr R D Wakeling Dr N A R Watt Dr A F Weinstein The Revd Canon Dr J A Williams 1973 Dr S M Allen Professor J V Bickford-Smith Mr N P Carden Professor R H S Carpenter Mr S P Crooks Mr M G Daw Professor P M Echenique Professor C F Gilks Mr D J R Hill Dr R J Hopkins Dr W F Hutchinson Mr D A Irvine Professor A M Lister Mr K F C Marshall Mr J S Morgan Dr S P Olliff Professor T J Pedley Mr J F Points Mr A W M Reicher Dr D Y Shapiro Dr W A Smith Mr J Sunderland Mr D G Vanstone Sir Geoffrey Vos Mr S J Waters Mr G A Whitworth Professor B J Wilkinson Dr J B Wirth 1974 Professor A J Blake Dr M J Bleby Mr R Z Brooke Mr H J Chase Mr A B Clark Dr L H Cope Mr P J Craig-McQuaide Mr M L Crew Dr N H Croft Mr M D Damazer Professor J H Davies Dr M A de Belder Mr J R Delve Dr A G Dewhurst Professor L D Engle Mr R J Evans Dr M G J Gannon Mr T D Gardam Professor J Gascoigne Mr P A Goodman Dr M W Green Dr P J Guider
Dr W N Hubbard Mr D G W Ingram Mr N Kirtley Mr W S H Laidlaw Mr R I K Little Mr P Logan Mr R O MacInnes-Manby Mr G Markham Dr C H Mason Mr P B Mayes Mr D M Potton Professor B D Reddy Dr D S Secher Mr A H Silverman Mr E J Storey Dr D K Summers Mr G K M Thompson Mr C Vigrass Mr D K B Walker Mr L J Walker Mr F Weighill 1975 Mr S L Barter Mr C J A Beattie Mr P S Belsman Mr D A L Burn Mr A J Campbell Mr H R Chalkley Mr S Collins Mr A E Cooke-Yarborough Mr M G Day Mr N R Gamble Mr M H Graham Mr D A Hare Mr R F Hughes Mr T C Kerr-Dineen Dr N Koehli Mr D M Mabb Mr L G D Marr Mr D Marsden Dr R G Mayne Mr K M McGivern Mr K S Miller Mr G Monk The Revd M W Neale Dr C C P Nnochiri Professor I P L Png & Ms J C W Cheng Dr H C Rayner Dr M P Reasbeck Mr D J G Reilly Mr P J Roberts Professor I C Ruxton Mr G R Sherwood Dr F A Simion Professor T J Stephenson Mr M H Stevens The Revd Canon I D Tarrant Dr J M Thompson Dr P K H Walton Mr N J Ward Mr B J Warne Mr J R Wood 1976 Mr D Barham Mr J J J Bates Mr C A K Benn Mr S J Birchall Dr H D L Birley Mr N G Blanshard Professor J R Bradgate Mr L G Brew Dr M P Clarke Mr D J Cox Dr G S Cross Dr J S Daniel Cllr R J Davis The Hon Dr R H Emslie Mr S D Flack Mr M W Friend Dr K F Gradwell Dr F G Gurry Dr P R Harvey Professor J Herbert Dr A C J Hutchesson Dr S T Kempley Mr R A Larkman Dr C J Lueck Dr B E Lyn Dr C Ma Mr A J Matthews Dr P B Medcalf Dr D Myers Mr D C S Oosthuizen Mr R B Peatman Mr J S Price Mr P L Simon Dr J A Spencer Mr P C Tagari Dr E V J Tanner
Mr S Thomson Mr J P Treasure The Rt Hon N K A S Vaz MP Mr O H Warnock Professor A J M Whitley Mr A Widdowson 1977 Mr J H M Barrow Mr S T Bax Mr A C Boulding Mr M S D Callaghan Dr P N Cooper Mr N B Farrell Dr K J Friston Mr A L Gibb Dr C-T Goh Mr A R D Gowers Mr R M House Mr B S Hundal Dr M S Irani Mr B J Kettle Mr S R Laird Mr R D McBain Mr K H McKellar Dr P H M McWhinney Dr L S Mills Mr H N Neal Dr R P Owens Dr A Pagliuca Dr R Purwar Mr I M Radford Mr P J Radford Professor T A Ring Dr G S Sachs Mr A J Salmon Mr C Sideris Mr M J Simon Dr P Waddams Dr P A Watson Mr D J White Dr A N Williams Mr M J Wilson Mr R C Woodgate Professor E W Wright 1978 Mr J C Barber The Revd Dr A B Bartlett Dr T G Blease Professor G R Blue Mr M D Brown Mr D S Bulley Mr C J Carter Mr J M Charlton-Jones Dr T R Coe Mr S A Corns Dr P G Dommett Mr M J Eccleston Dr J Edwards Mr R C S Evans Mr R J Evans Mr T J Fellig Professor P M Goldbart Mr A D Halls Dr E Hatchwell Dr C N Johnson Mr P R M Kavanagh Mr D P Kirby Mr R A Lister Mr A J Noble Mr T D Owen Mr C S Porter Mr M H Pottinger Mr M A Prior Dr B A Raynaud Mr P J Reeder Mr M H Schuster Mr S J Shaw The Revd A G Thom Dr D Townsend Mr D W Wood Mr P A Woo-Ming 1979 Dr R Aggarwal Dr M G Archer Mr T C Bandy Mr N C Birch Mr A J Birkbeck Mr G T P Brennan Dr P J Carter Dr S A P Chubb Mr C J Collinge Mr P A Cowlett The Hon Justice Clyde Croft Mr N G Dodd Mrs C E Elliott Mr J Erskine Mr S R Fox Mr P C Gandy Ms C A Goldie
Dr M de la R Gunton Mr N C I Harding Mr R P Hayes Mr T E J Hems Dr A W Herbert Ms C J Jenkins Professor P W M Johnson Mr P J Keeble Mr R W Lander Mr A D Maybury Mrs J M Paton Mrs A E Porter Professor C T Reid Mr E E Sacks Dr M E Selby Ms D M Sorkin Dr J Strässler Professor P C Taylor Mr N A Venables
Dr P A Fox Mr P D Hickman Mrs J Irvine Mrs C H Kenyon Mr M J Kochman Mr P Loughborough Mr J S Mair Ms E F Mandelstam Dr M Maxwell Mr D J Mills Professor M Moriarty Mr D H O'Driscoll Mrs R E Penfound Ms M K Reece Mr A A Shah Mrs A J Sheat Mrs E I C Strasburger Dr J G Tang Dr M J Weait
1980 Mr C P Aldren Mrs L E Bates Dr N P Bates Mr C R Brunold Mrs J R Burry Dr C E Collins Mr S R Coxford The Revd Dr P H Donald Dr R J Gibbens Dr S L Grassie Mr M J Hardwick Mr P L Haviland Dr E M L Holmes Mr R H Hopkin Dr J Marsh Mr L S Marshall Sir Simon Milton Mr J E Mitchell Professor J R Montgomery Mr A N Norwood Dr T M Pickett Dr J N Pines Mr J H Pitman Mr R N Porteous Ms J S Saunders Mr J M E Silman Mrs M S Silman Professor M Sorensen Professor J A Todd Dr C Turfus
1983 Dr R F Balfour Mr P R Bennett Dr D B Bethell Mrs K R M Castelino Dr J P L Ching Mr H M Cobbold Dr S A J Crighton Mr J C Curtis Dr A Dhiman Mr A L Evans Mr T M Fancourt Mr P E J Fellows Ms B G Gibson Mr H E Gillespie Dr W P Goddard Mr N J Hammond Mr W A C Hayward Mr J St J Hemming Mr S J Kingston Mr S A Kirkpatrick Mr J F S Learmonth Mrs H M L Lee Mr C Loong Mr J B K Lough Mr R H Moore Mr R M Payn Mr M P Pepperell Mrs S D Robinson Mr S C Rowarth Mr A Rzym Mr H C Shields Dr C P Spencer The Reverend Christopher Stebbing Mr A G Strowbridge Mr R B Swede His Honour Judge Tompkins Miss A Topley Mr C H Umur Ms H E White Dr K M Wood Dr S F J Wright
1981 Mrs J S Adams Mrs A M Barry Mr A J L Burford Mr S Cox Mr J M Davey Dr P H Dear Mr D P S Dickinson Mr J L Ellacott Mr N J Farr Mr R Ford Mr P G Harris Mr W S Hobhouse Mr C L M Horner Mr R H M Horner Mr P C N Irven Professor T E Keymer Ms B J Kitchen Mr P W Langslow Mr S J Lewis Dr J W McAllister Dr A P G Newman-Sanders Dr O P Nicholson Mr G Nnochiri Dr J W Norris Ms C L Plazzotta Mr M W Richards Mrs M Robinson Dr R M Roope Mrs D C Saunders Mr T Saunders Dr J B Scanlon Dr A D Simpson Dr J L d’E Steiner Dr D M Talbott Mr K J Taylor Ms L J Teasdale Professor C R Walton Dr E A Warren 1982 Dr A K Baird Mr D Baker Mr J D Biggart Dr M A S Blackburn Dr H M Brindley Mr P A Cooper Mrs N Cross Mr P L Dandiker Mr A R Flitcroft
1984 Dr H T T Andrews Dr L P Bennett Ms S J Brady Mr J A Brodie-Smith Mr R A Brooks Mr G C R Budden Mr A H Chatfield Mrs N J Cobbold Dr A R Duncan Professor T G Q Eisen Mrs A S Gardner Mr L J Hunter Dr S Ip Mr A S E Johnson Dr J R B Leventhorpe Mr G C Maddock Mr A D H Marshall Mr H C S McLean Mr S Midgen Mr I Paine The Honourable Justice Philippides Mr J R Pollock Dr K S Sandhu Dato' R R Sethu Dr R A Shahani Professor W A Van Caenegem Mr M L Vincent Professor C Wildberg 1985 HE Mr N M Baker, OBE, MVO Mr G K Beggerow Dr I M Bell Dr A S Brett Mrs J C Cassabois Dr E M Dennison
Mr M C S Edwards Mr J M Elstein Mr K J Fitch Mr M J Fletcher Mrs E F Ford Mr R G Goodfellow Mr J D Harry Professor J B Hartle Ms P Hayward Mr P G J S Helson Mr J A Howard-Sneyd Mr J M Irvine Dr C H Jessop Mr C L P Kennedy Mr A J Landes Mr W P L Lawes Mrs C F Lister Mrs N M Lloyd The Revd N C Papadopulos Mr K D Parikh Ms S L Porter Mr M H Power Mr T M S Rowan Dr J M Sargaison Miss J A Scrine Mrs L K Sharpe Dr A M Shaw Dr P M Slade Dr D A Statt Mr W D L M Vereker Mrs J S Wilcox Mrs A K Wilson Ms I U M Wilson Ms J M Wilson Mr R C Wilson Dr E F Worthington 1986 Dr L M Allcock Dr K Brown Professor J A Davies Dr S D Farrall Professor R L Fulton Mr A N Graham Mr R J Harker Miss M P Horan Mrs J Y S Ho-Thong Professor J M Huntley Mr N J Iles Mr B D Konopka Ms A Kupschus Professor J C Laidlaw Mr R Y-H Leung Dr M A Perry Dr A A Pinto Dr P J Rogerson Mr T S Sanderson Mr J P Saunders Professor J Saxl Professor A J Schofield Dr K Sehat Dr R G Shearmur Ms V H Stace Mrs E D Stuart Mr J W Stuart Dr C J Taylor Ms A J Tomlinson Dr M H Wagstaff Dr J Whaley Mr R C Wiltshire 1987 Mr J J M Bailey Mr J P Barabino Mr J R Bird Mr O R M Bolitho Mr R Chau Mr N R Chippington Dr E N Cooper Mrs H J Courtauld Mr A J Coveney Mrs J L Dendle-Jones Ms S L DeVine Dr H L Dewing Dr K E H Dewing Dr M D Esler Dr A J Forrester Dr G M Grant Ms C M Harper Mr S L Jagger Dr M Karim Dr P Kumar Mr C A Levy Mrs M M J Lewis Mrs U U Mahatme Mr S L Rea Ms J M Rowe Mr D W Shores Mr L A Unwin Mr J M L Williams Mr A N E Yates
1988 Dr P Agarwal Professor N R Asherie Dr I M Billington Dr M Bisping Dr T P Bligh Mr H A Briggs Mr M C M Brotherton Dr A-L Brown Mr J C Brown Ms C Stewart Mrs M E Chapple Vicomte R H P G de Rosière Mr B D Dyer Mr A J Emuss Mr N D Evans Dr W K P Hackenberg Dr E N Herbert Mr L D Hicks Ms R C Homan Dr A D Hossack Capt J S Irish Dr A P S Kirkham Mr F P Little Mr C G Meyer Dr M C Mirow Dr A N R Nedderman Dr D Niedrée-Sorg Mr A P Parsisson Mr M B Pritchett Mr M J Rawlins Dr C I J Sanders Dr S R Scott-Brown Mrs A J L Smith Ms N M Smith Mr R D Smith Mr T H Snelling The Revd J S Sudharman Dr R M Tarzi Ms F R Tattersall Mr M E H Tipping Mrs H M Truman Mrs L Umur Mr A G Veitch Ms J B W Wong Dr F J L Wuytack 1989 Dr L C Andreae Mr A M Barnes-Webb Mrs A S Brotherton Professor M J Brown Dr E A Cross Mr P E Gilman Mr G R Glaves Mr S M Gurney Mrs L Jacklin Mr N C Jacklin Mr G W Jones Mr T E Keim Mr J P Kennedy Mr P J Kerr Dr V A Kinsler Mr J R Kirkwood Mr T Lim Dr R B Loewenthal Mrs L C Logan Mr R M M McConnachie Mr B J McGrath Mr P J Moore Ms J H Myers Mr H T Parker Dr S L Rahman Haley Mr N J C Robinson Mrs C Romans Mr J C Roux Mr S C Ruparell Mr A M P Russell Professor Y Sakamoto Mr J A Sowerby Mrs E H Wadsley Mrs T E Warren Ms G A Wilson Dr S C Zeeman 1990 Mr R Ball Mr M C Batt Dr S-Y Chan Dr L C Clarke Mrs J F Clement Mr A A Dillon Mrs S V Dyson Mrs V N M Fung Mrs C L Guest Mr A W P Guy Mr R J E Hall Dr C C Hayhurst Mr A D Hedley Dr A D Henderson Mr I D Henderson Mr R D Hill
Mr M B Job Mr H R Jones Mr G A Karaolides Dr P A Key Dr S H O F Korbei Professor N G Lew Mr G C Li Ms A Y C Lim Dr M B J Lubienski Mr J S Marozzi Mr T Moody-Stuart Mr G O'Brien Mr S T Oestmann Dr J M Parberry Mr P C Sheppard Mr L Shorter Dr J Sinha Professor M C Smith Mr H K Suniara Mr D S Turnbull Dr J C Wadsley Mr J D Williams Dr G D Wills Ms R M Winden Mr K L Wong Mr R C Young 1991 Mr M W Adams Dr D G Anderson Ms J C Austin-Olsen Dr R D Baird Mr D Behrman Mr C S Bleehen Mr A M J Cannon Mr D D Chandra Mrs B Choi Dr S C Clark Dr P A Dalby Dr A H Deakin Dr S Dorman Ms V J Exelby Dr C S J Fang Dr M B Fertleman Dr S C Francis Dr A J Hodge Dr N I Horwitz Mr W G Irving Dr J P Kaiser Professor K-T Khaw Mrs R R Kmentt Mr N K Ng Mrs L P Parberry Mr D R Paterson Dr A Reichmuth Ms I A Robertson Dr A F Routh Dr S M Shah Mr A Smeulders Mr J A Spence Mr J G C Taylor Ms G A Usher Mrs H-M A G C Vesey Mr C S Wale Mr S J Wright Sister H M Wynne 1992 Dr M R Al-Qaisi Mr D Auterson Mrs R Auterson Mrs S P Baird Mr A J Barber Ms S F C Bravard Mr P N R Bravery Ms J R M Burton Mr N R Campbell Ms J M Carpenter Mr C R G Catton Mr P E Clifton Mr D M Curl Dr A A G Driskill-Smith Dr R S Dunne Dr I Forde Dr E M Garrett Mr R A H Grantham Ms L K Greeves Ms J Z Z Hu Dr H M Johnson Mr J Kihara Mrs S Knowles Professor C Kress Mr W Li Mr J Lui Mr T P Mirfin Dr C R Murray Mrs J A O'Hara Dr F H Perry Dr A J Power Mrs P L Power Dr A J Prendergast Dr M S Sagoo
Mr H E Serjeantson Mr D P Somers Mrs R C Stevens Mrs D E B Summers Dr S R J Taylor Maj D M Thomas * Dr D I Thomson Mr G S J Veysey Mrs K Wiese Mr C M Wilson Mr L K Yim Dr J C-M Yu 1993 Dr S D Albino Mr J D H Arnold Mr A S Basar Mrs F C Bravery Dr A C G Breeze Mr P M Ceely Dr E A Congdon Dr E C Corbett Mr O S Dunn Mr P A Edwards Dr A S Everington Dr I R Fisher Mr C E G Hogbin Dr D M Holburn Ms S J Holland Mr E J How Mr O T John Mr J E J Joseph Dr G A J Kelly Mr C S Klotz Dr K E S Medlock Mr T P Moss Mr R B K Phillips Dr J F Reynolds Mrs L Robson Brown Dr C I Rotherham Mr D R Stoneham Dr T Walther Mrs K Westphely Miss S T Willcox Dr F A Woodhead Mrs A J Worden Mr T J A Worden Ms R P Wrangham 1994 Mr J H Anderson Mr A Arthur Professor G I Barenblatt Ms R D Barrett Ms I-M Bendixson Professor D M Bethea Mrs C H S Catton Dr L Christopoulou Dr C M Curtis Ms V K E Dietzel Dr T C Fardon Dr E H Folwell Mr S T Folwell Dr J A Fraser Mr S S Gill Mr R S Greenwood Mrs E Haynes Mr R J M Haynes Mr P M Hudson Mr A P Khawaja Mrs G E Maddocks Mr T W Mann Dr S G A Pitel Mr P D Reel Mr P H Rutkowski Dr G M Shoib Mr L R Smallman Dr P J Sowerby Stein Dr M Staples Professor M A Stein Mr K S Tang Mr E J Taylor Dr R R Turner Dr A S Witherden Mr M A Wood 1995 Mr C Aitken Mr J S D Buckley Mr C Chew Mr C-H Chim Ms H Y-Y Chung Dr A C Cooke Mr J A Crawford Dr P A Cunningham Dr S L Dyson Dr J S Feuerstein Ms L J Forbes Mrs J A S Ford Dr M R Gökmen Dr N G Hammond Professor J Harrington
Dr E A Harron-Ponsonby Mr A J G Harrop Dr N J Hillier Ms M C Katbamna-Mackey Mr J M Lawrence Ms K M Marsh The Revd Dr J D McDonald Mr D E Miller Dr D N Miller Dr M A Miller Mrs C H Mirfin Dr T J Nancoo Dr K M O'Shaughnessy Mr S G Panayi Mr S M Pilgrim Mr H C S Pipe Dr B G Rock Ms J K Rose Ms T J Sheridan Mr D S Shindler Mr M J Soper Mr S J Taylor Mr S S Thapa Miss C J Thorpe Dr G Titmus Dr C H Williams-Gray Mr E G Woods 1996 Ms E J Barlow Mr S T Bashow Mrs R S Baxter Mrs S E Birshan Dr J R Bonnington Miss A L Bradbury Mr G Briggs Miss C E Callaghan Major J S Cousen Mr J R F Dalton Mr G D Earl Mrs J H J Gilbert Dr D A Giussani Mr J D Goldsmith Miss E E Goodacre Mr X L Griffin Mr I R Herd Ms P K K Lai Dr S J Lakin Dr H B Lee Mr P MacBain Professor J D Mollon Ms J L Nixon Dr I D Plumb Dr T Prestidge Mr A J T Ray Ms V C Reeve Mr P S Rhodes Mr J R Robinson Mr D Scannell Mr D C Shaw Mr C C Stafford Mr C M Stafford Mr A H Staines Mr D J Tait Ms E-L Toh Mr B T Waine Mr M-H Wong Mr C G Wright Mr K F Wyre 1997 Dr U Adam Mr G H Arrowsmith Ms C Z Atherton Mr A J Bower Mr J D Bustard Mr R Chee-A-Tow Mrs C Chu Dr M P Clarkson Mrs J R Earl Dr E J Fardon Dr J P Grainger Dr D M Guttmann Ms A M Hart Professor C E Holt Dr K G Johnson Mr L T L Lewis Mr A W J Lodge Miss E A Martin Ms V E McMaw Professor N Mrosovsky Miss R N Page Miss R Patel Mr H D Pim Ms E D Sarma Ms H M Smith Mr J P A Smith Mr B Sulaiman Dr K S Tang Mr A Thakkar Mr T J Uglow Mr E Zambon
1998 Mr I K Ali Miss E H Barker Ms H M Barnard Mr R J Beer Mr D M Blake Dr A P Y-Y Cheong Mr I D Cox Mr F W Dassori Mr B N Deacon Mr L Dearden Dr P J Dilks Mr J S Drewnicki Mr S A Eder Mr J A Etherington Mrs L E Etherington Mr J M Faraday Mr H M Heuzenroeder Dr B J P Huntly Mr H A M Julié Dr C Lo Nero Mr J R Marshall Dr R I R Martin Miss O M Mihangel Dr N A Moreham Mr H R F Nimmo-Smith Mr A J Pask Mr P S Roberts Professor R P L Scazzieri Dr T Shetty Dr K J Smith Dr P B M Thomas Ms S C Thomas Mrs J C Wood Mr D J F Yates 1999 Mr M Baroni Mr R F T Beentje Miss C M M Bell Mr D T Bell Mr P Berg Dr A Brady Dr C L Broughton Mr J A Brown Mrs J E Busuttil Ms J W-M Chan Mr J A Cliffe Mr J D Coley Dr A N Davies Mr A C R Dean Ms H B Deixler Miss L M Devlin Miss S Gnanalingam Mr A P Holden Dr L Jin Mr A F Kadar Dr C M Lamb Mr M W Laycock Mr I Maluza Mr J W Moller Dr H D Nickerson Mr R H Owen Dr C Parrish Mr M A Pinna Dr J S Rees Mrs S R Bailey Mr A C Sinclair Dr J D Stainsby Miss C A J Tydeman Mr A R R Wood Mr P J Wood Dr P D Wright Ms Y Yamamoto 2000 Mr R A D Allen Mr R D Bamford Mr J F Campbell Mrs R A Cliffe Mr M T Coates Mr N S Colston Mr S G Dale Dr E A Hadjipanayis Dr W J E Hoppitt Mr J M Hunt Ms H M Jenkins Miss C N Lund Mr S T Martindale Ms G L Mitchell Mr H S Panesar Mr D D Parry Mr O F G Phillips Mr T J O Pullman Mr M O Salvén Mr A K T Smith Mrs K E Symons Miss S Tandon Mr J A P Thimont Mr M Tosic Dr G S Vassiliou Miss C H Vigrass
28 Once a Caian... Miss J M Wagstaff Miss R K Walmsley Dr D W A Wilson
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We also wish to thank those donors who prefer to remain anonymous
Dr & Mrs S Motha Mr J T & Mrs E H M Mottram Mr & Mrs M Moynihan Mr & Mrs R E Mrowicki Mr & Mrs M L J Munro Mr & Mrs J Murphy Dr * & Mrs J D Murphy Mr R A Murphy & Mrs N H Brady-Murphy Professor G D & Dr L S Murray Mr G I & Mrs E Murrell Dr & Mrs K R Myerson Mr S Nackvi Mrs C E Neale Mr & Mrs A T R Nell Professor P E Nelson Mrs J Newsome Mr S N T Y & Mrs A W C Ng Mr K K Nguyen & Mrs P T Duc Mr & Mrs R Nicholls Mr & Mrs M W Nicholls Mr & Mrs R W Northcott Maria M Nye Mr D F O’Donoghue Dr & Mrs J P O'Driscoll Mrs C M Omand Mr & Mrs B E Padley Mr & Mrs S G Panter Mr A & Mrs H L Parker Mr & Mrs C N K Parkinson Mr & Mrs D A Parry Mr & Mrs N Patani Mr & Mrs C Patel Mr & Mrs K G Patel Mr K G & Mrs K Patel Mr J H Pattinson & Mrs M Gressenich-Pattinson Mr & Mrs A Paull Mr R B & Mrs S E Payne Mr & Mrs N D Peace Mr A D & Dr E Penman Mr & Mrs F A Penson Mr & Mrs K Pfister Dr & Mrs P Pilavakis Mr & Mrs R Polyblank Mr W F Poon & Ms W L Chan Dr S K & Mrs F A Price Mr G S Prior Mrs K J Prior Dr A Prochaska Mr S & Mrs A L Purcell Mr & Mrs B D Queen Mr E Quintana Dr G J G & Dr C A Rees Mr & Mrs M P Reynolds Professor & Mrs J Rhodes Mr & Mrs G D Ribbans Mr & Mrs M D Rice Mr & Ms J R Ridgman Mr & Mrs D D Ridley Mr J & Mrs E L Robertson Mr & Mrs W W Rodger Mr C H & Mrs R Roffey Mr B G & Mrs S-A Ross Mr & Mrs I R Ross Mr & Mrs D Rowland Dr S McCausland & Mrs A P Russell Mr & Mrs P Rutherford Dr Y M Saleem Mr M & Mrs C A Salt Mr K A & Mrs G C Sandford Ms C Sano Mr & Mrs M D Saunders Dr & Mrs P K Sayal Wg Cmdr & Mrs G T Scard Dr W G H Schartau Mr A S & Mrs J Schorah Dr & Mrs A J Schurr Mr & Mrs T J Scrase Mr A & Mrs C Scully Mr A P Seabroke Dr E S & Mrs J D Searle Mr & Mrs P Seely Mrs N Shah Mr & Mrs S G Shah Dr X Shan & Ms Q Lu Mr & Mrs R S D Sharp Mr & Mrs S J Sharratt Dr & Mrs J V Shepherd Mr J D & Mrs A J Sherlock-Mold Mr & Mrs T J M Shipton Mr D P & Mrs S Siegler Mr R Sills Mr & Mrs A E Simpson Mrs C Smeaton & Mr J A Kerr Mr & Mrs A R Smith Mrs B Smith Ms C A S Smith Dr M P & Dr S O Snee Professor R J Sokol
Mr & Mrs M Spiller Mr & Mrs N F St Aubyn Dr & Mrs P S Stantchev Mr & Mrs G Stewart Mr B C & Mrs M S Stoddard Mr L E & Dr Z Stokes Mr R & Mrs S E Sturgeon Mr & Mrs W Summerbell Mr & Mrs M A Supperstone Mr S & Professor J E Svasti-Salee Mr & Mrs N S Swan Mr & Mrs R J Sweeney Mr & Mrs S G Tadros Mr & Mrs P Talwar Mr & Mrs M B Taylor Mr & Mrs N P Taylor Mr & Mrs M StJ Tennyson Dr & Mrs P F Thanisch Mrs E T Thimont Mr D H Thomas Dr R H M & Dr A M Thomas Mr & Mrs N P Thompsell Mr & Mrs J E Thompson Mr Y Tien Mr H S W & Mrs J To Mr & Mrs G L Todd Mr & Mrs G Tosic Mr & Mrs H H Trappmann Mrs G M M Treanor Mr & Mrs P Treanor Dr S J Treanor Mr & Mrs P J Trynka-Watson Mr & Mrs J P Tunnicliffe Mr P W Vann Dr G Venkat-Raman & Mrs K Raman Mr S Vetrivel & Mrs S Rajamanickam Mr M J Vickers Mr & Mrs W D Vincent Mr & Mrs R von Eisenhart Rothe Mr & Mrs D Walke Dr & Mrs J D Walker Mr & Mrs M J Walsh Mr & Mrs P R Walton Mr & Mrs M T Ward Dr & Mrs Warner Mr & Mrs R H Warrington Mr & Mrs A S Watkins Dr L Wei Mr M J & Mrs S Wellbelove Mr R N Weller Mrs S V Wesley Mr I & Dr D C Whaley Mr D R & Mrs T M White Mr & Mrs T C J White Mr & Mrs I G Whyte Mrs J Wight Mr & Mrs M B Wilkinson Mr J G S Willis & Miss P A Radley Mrs A S Willman Mr P J Wilson Mr & Mrs W R Wilson Mr K & Mrs S C Withnall Dr & Mrs M O W Wong Dr A R & Dr H A Wordley Mr & Mrs J A Z Wright Mr Y Wu & Mrs Y Yuan Dr M Xie & Mrs Y Yang Professor Q Xu & Dr Y Hu Ms E S G Yates Ms A Yonemura Mr M & Mrs K F Younas Mrs H E M Young Professor & Mrs I S Young Mr & Mrs T F B Young Mr G J Zhang & Ms S H Xiong Mr & Mrs Z Zhang Mr H Zhou & Mrs J Qi Mr S M Zinser Professor R & Dr D Zwirner Corporate Donors Apax Partners LLP Bidwells Property Consultants BP International Ltd Caius Club Caius Lodge Cambridge Wine Merchants GDF SUEZ Energy North America Goldman Sachs & Co. Irving Fritz Memorial Fund Johnson & Johnson Matching Gifts Program Linklaters MBNA International Bank Merck Partnership for Giving Michael Miliffe Memorial Scholarship Fund Mondrian Investment Partners Morgan Stanley UBS
Stephen Hawking Circle
he third gathering of the Stephen Hawking Circle took place on Saturday 22nd May 2010. Benefactors who have given over £50,000 are invited to join this prestigious group and to attend a very special dinner with our most celebrated Fellow, Professor Stephen Hawking (1965). As guests assembled in the Colyton Hall and over a glass of Tattinger 2002 Champagne they were given the opportunity to have their photograph taken with Professor Hawking. The party then moved to the White Room where, in a talk entitled My Life: Caius and Physics, Professor Hawking explained his fellowship at Caius was a turning point in his life. It meant that he could continue his research, despite his increasing disability. He went on to describe the development of his research and the collaborations that he had been a part of. He concluded that he could picture “the origin of the universe as like the formation of bubbles of steam in boiling water. Quantum fluctuations lead to the spontaneous creation of tiny universes out of nothing. Most of the universes collapse to nothing, but a few that reach a critical size, will expand in an inflationary manner and will form galaxies and stars, and maybe beings like us.” Dinner of seared foie gras, scallops with smoked bacon, roast fillet of venison and tarte tatin was served in the Panelled Combination Room. A highlight of the dinner
were some very special wines. As Neil McKendrick (1958), the Chairman of the Wine Committee said to conclude his wine notes, “All benefactors deserve to be cherished, but inevitably our most generous benefactors inspire a very special sense of gratitude. For them we feel the need to respond to their exceptional generosity with an exceptional show of how much they mean to the college. So in our choice of wine tonight we have pulled out all the stops and
drawn the corks on some very special wines – those which we call our ‘accolade wines’ and which are released only very rarely. Some of the bottles that you have been offered tonight have been nestling in the college cellars for well over sixty years – their grapes were still ripening during the final year of the Second World War. I hope that their appearance tonight will be seen as testimony to how special an occasion these dinners are felt to be”. Yao Liang
2001 Dr M G Adam Miss S A Ashurst-Williams Miss R J Barker Mr D S Bedi Miss A F Butler Mr A C M Butterworth Miss L C Butterworth Mr J J Cassidy Dr J W Chan Dr C J Chu Dr C N Clark Miss E S Collins Mr E H C Corn Ms J L Cremer Mr H C P Dawe Dr M G Dracos Mr J R Ferm Mrs A C Finch Dr T J Gardiner Miss L D Hannant Mr D Hinton Mr T E Hunt Mr R J H Jones Miss F Law Dr M J Lewis Dr P A Lyon Professor P Mandler Miss J J-W Mantle Mr A S Massey Dr A C McKnight Dr R J Miller Ms S Mital Mr G R F Murphy Mr T K Newby Dr A K T Parker Miss R C Peatman Mr A L Pegg Miss A E C Rogers Miss J A Sacks Mr K K Shah Mr S J Sprague Miss F A M Treanor Ms R J Warner
Mr A L Eardley Miss E M Foster Miss H A Fraser Dr E Y M G Fung Mr T W J Gray Mrs Ann Haines The Revd Dr C Hammond Miss A V Henderson Mrs T D Heuzenroeder Mr J H Hill Mr R Holt Mr J R Howell Sir Christopher Hum Mr J McB Hunter Mr D J John Mr J R Kelly Miss M E Kolkenbrock Miss K Kudryavtseva Mr J P Langford Dr D J McKeon Ms Z Owen Dr L M Petre-Firth Mr H-H Poon Miss F Qu Miss M-T I Rembert Miss V K C Scopes Dr R G Scurr Ms L A Shafer Miss A L Sharratt Mr C C S Shawcross Mr G Z-F Tan Mr S Tandon Mr G M B Thimont Mr J L Todd Miss V C Turner Mr T A Watson Miss J C Wood
...Always a Caian 29
The guests gathered in the Panelled Combination Room for dinner.
Back Row, l to r; Christopher Bailey (1959), Richard Wilson (1985), Nigel Simpson (1962), Richard Evans (1978), Simon Morris (1976), Jason Fox, Sir Christopher Hum (2005), Nigel Farr (1981), Dr Anne Lyon (2001), Professor Yao Liang (1963), Simon Bax (1977), Roy Williams (1962), Adam Landes (1985), Michael Maunsell (1960), James Howell (2009), Judith Croasdell & David Simon (1958). Front Row, l to r; Shirley Bailey (2009), Anna Wilson (1985), Kay Simpson, Lydia Evans, Florence Hayward, Professor Stephen Hawking (1965), Briony Bax, Deborah Williams, Amanda Landes, Harriet Maunsell & Sarah Simon.
30 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 31
able to establish three lectureships: the Neil McKendrick History Lectureship, endowed by his former students and friends for a CTO; the John Haines Lectureship for a UTO, currently held by Dr David Summers (1974); and the 1956 Lectureship for a UTO which was funded by the year group to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of their matriculation. Building on the success of this initiative, five new College Lectureships have been established in the last year. Four of these have been endowed for posterity, two by
was educated at Oxford and Harvard, and has taught modern British history on both sides of the Atlantic since 1980. His books include The Fall and Rise of the Stately Home (1997), History and National Life (2002), and The English National Character: The History of an Idea from Edmund Burke to Tony Blair (2006). He is currently writing a book about the anthropologist Margaret Mead and her application of ideas about 'national character' to international relations, under the title Return from the Natives: How
Shirley Bailey signing the Benefactors’ Book at the Service of Commemoration of Benefactors in Chapel in November 2009. Also admitted as Gonville Fellow Benefactors were her husband Christopher Bailey, and Annie Haines.
Gonville Fellow Benefactors John Haines (1949) and his wife Annie (2009) at the Commemoration Feast in 2009.
Benefactors, Annie Haines (2009) was offered this honour and accepted. This decision also meant that when Christopher and Shirley Bailey made their donation, there were three new Gonville Benefactors to admit at the Commemoration of Benefactors service in Chapel in November 2009. Nick Sallnow-Smith (1969) lives in Hong Kong and coordinates a very active group of Caians there. He recently hosted a dinner for Members of the Court of Benefactors there to meet the Master and Director of Development on their recent visit (see page 33). Although Nick read Engineering at Caius, he always wished that he had studied Philosophy instead. He has therefore decided to support the study of Philosophy through funding a lectureship, and Dr Alex Oliver (1993) has been appointed as the first holder of this position. Dr Oliver is a Reader in the University Department of Philosophy and also lectures at the Judge Business School. His research is in the fields of metaphysics, logic and the philosophy of mathematics and of public affairs. Nick is also a donor to the 1969
Lectureship. Peter Vos and David Hulbert (both 1969) were so inspired by the announcement of the 1956 College Lecturer at the Benefactors’ Dinner in 2008 that they decided to see if they could emulate the achievement to celebrate the fortieth anniversary of their matriculation. They approached the Director of Development, Dr Anne Lyon (2001) with the proposal and formed a Committee comprising themselves and their contemporaries Richard Field, Mark Eaton and Professor David Ellar, and together planned a Ruby Reunion. Over fifty Caians and their partners assembled in September 2009 for a day of reminiscences and celebrations, concluding with a fine dinner in Hall. During the day, they enjoyed tours of new College facilities such as the Stephen Hawking Building and the Cockrell Library, and an exhibition of treasures from the College Archives. In his speech at dinner Peter Vos said: “I feel passionately that education is the future, not just of our country, but globally. Caius is at the forefront, providing ‘the best of the best’ to people who then go out into every field of endeavour. Whatever their subjects,
these days Caius graduates are top achievers and contributors to their communities, disciplines and businesses. Caius is meritocratic and international – its standards are always the highest. Forty years have flown by, but have proved the importance of the education we received, and I feel a duty to enable others to follow in our footsteps.” With particularly generous donations from the members of the Committee and from Andreas Papathomas and Nick SallnowSmith, a total of £300,000 was raised within twelve months, so that Dr Rob Miller (2001) could be appointed as the 1969 College Lecturer in time for the beginning of the 2010-11 academic year. In addition to his College duties, Rob is also the University Reader in Energy Technology at the Whittle Laboratory. The aim of his research is to develop technologies which will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. He works widely with industry, presently undertaking research projects with Rolls Royce, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Siemens on conventional fossil fuel based technologies, such as jet engines and land based gas turbine power stations; and on renewable technologies such as tidal
The 1969 College Lecturer, Dr Rob Miller (2001).
(L to R) Sir Christopher Hum (2005), Shirley Bailey (2009), Professor Peter Mandler (2001) the Bailey College Lecturer, Christopher Bailey (1959) and Dr Anne Lyon (2001) at Norwich to celebrate the 500th Anniversary of the birth of Dr Caius.
Margaret Mead Won the Second World War and Lost the Cold War. He is a Vice President of the Royal Historical Society. Last year the College decided that when a donation of over £500,000 is made, couples could choose to be admitted as Gonville Fellow Benefactors together. As this decision was to be applied retrospectively to the partners of existing Gonville Fellow
individuals and two by year groups. The fifth has been funded for the next three years by the Caius Fund largely as a result of the 2010 Telephone Campaign. Christopher Bailey (1959) and his wife Shirley (2009) have endowed the Bailey Lectureship, with a preference that it be in Economics, which Christopher read, or History, which was studied by his son Jonathan (1987). Christopher feels that his time at Caius, 50 years ago, set the course of his future life, lifting his horizons and giving him the confidence to grasp the opportunities which arose. After Cambridge, Christopher qualified as an accountant and joined the civil engineering group Brown & Jackson, eventually becoming its joint Chairman. With his business partner he transformed the company into a retailing conglomerate, owning a wide variety of brands including the Poundstretcher chain of stores and the security alarms business, ATI. The first holder of the Bailey College Lectureship is Peter Mandler (2001), University Professor of Modern Cultural History. Raised in Southern California, Peter
ransforming Tomorrow, the Development Campaign brochure published in 2007, identified that one of the unique strengths of a Cambridge education is the College-based small group supervision system which emphasises individual learning and encourages argument and debate. It is the Fellows of the College that are primarily responsible for the delivery of this aspect of the teaching of our undergraduates. The majority of these Fellows receive their prime stipend from the University (UTOs or University Teaching Officers), but some are funded entirely by the College (CTOs). In both cases, the College also has to provide a room for teaching, dining rights and payment for carrying out supervisions for the College and for holding other College offices, such as Tutorships. To endow the College with sufficient to fund a College Lectureship for a CTO requires a capital sum of £1 million and, for a UTO, £300,000 In response to this call, individuals, or groups, came forward and the College was
Five New College Lectureships !
stream turbines. He has published over forty papers in this field, with four of his papers being awarded annual Best Paper Awards by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Before moving to Cambridge in 2001 Rob held a Junior Research Fellowship at New College, Oxford and undertook his undergraduate and DPhil at St Catherine's. There have been some very generous donations to the 1958 Lectureship Fund, including those from Lord Simon of Highbury, Sir Keith Stuart, Sir Douglas Myers and David Skidmore, but perhaps the most extraordinary thing about this year group is the number of donors to the cause. More
The 1969 Ruby Reunion attendees in front of the Gate of Honour.
than one third of the year group supported this appeal following their Golden Jubilee Reunion in 2008. The first holder of the 1958 College Lectureship is Dr Dino Giussani (1996), University Reader in Developmental Cardiovascular Physiology and Medicine, who works on the prenatal origins of heart disease. The fifth College Lecturer is being funded, not in perpetuity, but for the next three years, as a result of the generosity of all those donors who gave to the Caius Fund on the 2010 Telephone Campaign. The 2010 Caius Fund College Lecturer is Dr Helen Mott (2005), the Assistant Director of Research in the University Department of Biochemistry. Helen runs a research team working on the structures and functions of small G proteins, the molecular switches that control many of the fundamental processes in cells. “In the last year, we have made great progress in safeguarding the supervision system at Caius,” says Dr Anne Lyon, the Director of Development “but there is still a long way to go until this hallmark of a Cambridge education is secured for posterity at the College.”
Festal Evensong at by James Howell (2009) All photos: James Howell
o celebrate the 500th Anniversary of the Birth of Dr Caius, a special Festal Evensong took place at Norwich Cathedral on Sunday 24 October 2010. The Dean of Norwich, the Very Revd Graham Smith, had invited the Dean of Caius, the Revd Dr Cally Hammond (2005) to preach the Sermon, and the College Choir to join with Cathedral Choir to mark this quincentenary in the city of John Caius’ birth. The Master and Fellows were also invited to take part in a procession at the beginning of the service. A substantial party from the College travelled to Norwich, stopping first at the plaque in King Street, set up to commemorate the place where Caius was born on 6 October 1510. After seeing St Ethelreda’s Church, where Caius was probably baptised, the Dragon Hall and the chapel and cell of Lady Julian of Norwich, the party moved on to the cathedral, where Professor Binski (1975) gave them a tour of the C11th foundation. A superb programme of music began with Annie Lydford (2009), the Wilfrid Holland Organ Scholar playing the organ voluntary, Allabreve BWV 589 by J S Bach, and included settings of the Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis by Charles Wood (1889). The highlight was the first performance of a new anthem by Robin Holloway (1967), Portae eternales, especially composed for the quincentenary celebrations. Many Caians attended the service as did clergy and parishioners from Blofield, Brooke, Foulden, Hockwold, Lavenham, Long Stratton, Mutford, Oxborough, Swanton Morley, and Worthing where the College is Patron.
...Always a Caian 33
Professor Binski (1975) showing the Caius party the developing style of architecture around the Cloister which was begun in 1297 but not completed until 1430. Left: Plaque in King Street, Norwich commemorating the birthplace of John Caius.
Festal Evensong in Norwich Cathedral.
The Master, Fellows and Caians with the Dean of Norwich, the Very Revd Graham Smith, after the service.
Professor Robin Holloway (1967) listening to the choir rehearsing Portae eternales, in the Cathedral before the service.
32 Once a Caian...
n April 2010 the Master, Sir Christopher Hum (2005) and the Director of Development, Dr Anne Lyon (2001) travelled to Hong Kong and Beijing. In a trip extended as a result of the Volcanic ash cloud, they met Caians and supporters of the College in both places and attended a Dinner for Members of the Court of Benefactors, hosted by Nick Sallnow-Smith (1969) in Hong Kong. Caians should make a note that next year’s Hong Kong lunch will take place on Tuesday 29 March, with the dinner for Members of the Court of Benefactors on Monday 28 March. The party will also visit Kuala Lumpur for a reception for Caians there on Friday 31 March. In the last year the Master, Dr Anne Lyon and Deputy Director, James Howell (2009) made two trips to the United States, hoping to meet as many Caians as possible. The first trip, in December 2009 coincided with the Cambridge in America celebrations to mark the end of the 800th Anniversary of the University. As well as meeting up with Caians at the New York Reception, they attended the gala event at Gotham Hall, at which Sir David Frost (1958) was a speaker. In October 2010 more than forty Caians and friends gathered at the New York Yacht Club, for a reception generously hosted by the Honorable John Lehman (1965) and Professor Peter Walker (1960). The reception was held in the Model Room, designed by Whitney Warren in 1898 which is decorated with carved seaweed, shells and sea-monsters and has three huge galleon-style bay windows extending out over the sidewalk of West 44th Street. The display cases house the world’s largest collection of model yachts and the walls hold more than 1200 half-models of yacht and ship hulls. The Master and Dr Lyon moved on to Vancouver where a further twenty six Caians and supporters met at the residence of the British Consul General, Mr Alex Budden.
Dinner for members of the Court of Benefactors in Hong Kong. Back, from left, Paul Rhodes (1996), Peter Langslow (1981), Nick Sallnow-Smith (1969), Sir Christopher Hum (2005), Raymond Leung (1986), Kean Li Wong (1990). Front, from left, Kalvin Rhodes, Lady Hum, Lora Sallnow-Smith, Dr Anne Lyon (2001), Clara Leung, Gemma Wen.
Beijing Reception for Caians and friends. Left to right, Zhang Xin, Mark Buck (1971), Yingjun Yang, Lady Hum, Xinmin Zhao, Shihu Wang (1988), Michael Humpries (1972), Yan Huang Zhao, Jeffrey Li, Weibei Li (1992), Zang-E Xie, Shuangxi Liu (1993), Min Liu (2005), H.E. Sebastian Wood, Dr Anne Lyon (2001), Sir Christopher Hum (2005), Mrs Ming Li, Guang Li (1990), Na Xu, Annabel Cleeve (1988), James Cleeve (1986), Paul Tan (1994), Limin Jin (1999).
Caians gathered in the Model Room of the New York Yacht Club.
Reception in Vancouver. Back, from left, Catherine Mason, Lisa Cooper (1987), Diana Dorey (1986), Nev Hircock (1966), Rita Beny, Sir Christopher Hum (2005), Graham Kelsey (1953), Gordon Walker (1958), Greg Blue (1978), Allan Seckel (1985). Front, from left, Wendy Stephen, Mary MacMillan, Alexander MacMillan (1952), Mahmood Ahamed (1962), Yasmin Ahamed, Andrew Mason (1976), Corisande Percival Smith, Anne Lyon (2001), Henry Litherland (1944), Robin Percival Smith (1950), Mr Alex Budden.
...Always a Caian 35
Above: Jack McDonald (1995): “The boat is absolutely super and I couldn’t be more thrilled”. Left: Glasses raised at the launch of the Anne Lyon. Left to right, Dr Anne Lyon (2001), Dr Jimmy Altham (1965), Sir Christopher Hum (2005) & Martin Wade (1962).
Two new shells for Caius Boat Club by Soraya Nassar, Annual Fund Officer
his kind words and graciously pointed out that engaging our alumni to support the life of the College is a team effort on the part of the whole of the Development Office. Since the launch of the Anne Lyon, it is clear that she has been a welcome and useful addition to the collection, with Caughlin Butler (2008), Women’s Captain, saying: “The Caius women are delighted to have the use of the Anne Lyon in their regular training. They rowed their first race in the boat in University IVs, and plan on using her extensively during the rest of the term’s training.” Meanwhile Roma Kanabar (2009), a member of the 2010 Telephone Campaign student caller team, enthuses about the new Four: “It’s been really useful to the girls: helping to motivate the crew and facilitate improvement; it inspired me to take part in the Telephone Campaign this year, having felt the positive impact of last year’s campaign.” Three months later a second gathering took place to launch the Jack McDonald, an Empacher Eight, which was purchased thanks to the generosity of Martin Wade. The new Eight was in honour of Revd Jack
McDonald (1995), who in his decade as Senior Treasurer of the CBC saw the First VIIIs achieve fifteen headships in eight years and earn the right to construct a clock tower on the Caius Boathouse. While Jack himself has in the past modestly attributed the success of the Boat Club during his Treasurership to “the determination, effort, maturity and grace of the students of Caius”, to the Captains and to the boatman, Tony Baker, it was nevertheless agreed by all that his own part in the triumphs of the CBC should also be acknowledged. So it was that Jack McDonald, accompanied by members of his family and joined by various members and friends of the Boat Club came together in May to celebrate the launch of the new Eight, which he said “proved to be a very proud moment”. The Jack McDonald has been most warmly received by the current generation of Caius Boaties. Men’s Captain Finlay Carson (2008) tells us: “It’s an amazing boat, and an inspiration to race in something carrying the name of someone who gave so much to Caius Boat Club”.
The Jack McDonald in action during the Mays 2010.
We are always pleased to receive CaiMemories for publication at: caimemories@ cai.cam.ac.uk Cambridgeshire Collection
embers and friends of Caius Boat Club gathered at the Boathouse on Sunday 21 February to launch its magnificent new Empacher Ladies’ Four. The launch party consisted of the Master, Sir Christopher Hum (2005); the President of CBC, Martin Wade (1962); the Senior Treasurer, Dr Jimmy Altham (1965) and the Director of Development, Dr Anne Lyon (2001) after whom the boat was named. In his speech Dr Altham thanked Anne for her long-term support of CBC and particularly for including the proposal to purchase the new boat as one of the projects funded by the Caius Fund 2009, as part of the 2009 Telephone Campaign. The new Four will make a huge contribution to enabling our rowing women to achieve their full potential, and Jimmy emphasised that it was most fitting to name it after Anne in recognition of her work for the College. Replying, Anne thanked Jimmy for
John Kelly (1958) It all began in the summer of 1960, when a crowd of us set off in Tom McCallum’s Ford Prefect in search of a different pub for Sunday lunch. We ended up at The Fish & Duck, a truly quaint establishment situated at Popes Corner, the junction of the Cam, the Great Ouse and the Old West River at Holt Fen near Ely. This was a pub for river traffic and the only road access was over a rough track and an unmanned level crossing. All quite idyllic! About a year later we decided to revisit the Fish & Duck and after the long trek we were greatly disappointed to find the pub empty and abandoned, although the doors were open and the pubs table and chairs were all in place. Our disappointment changed to excitement when I suggested: “What a venue for a party!” And that was it. It was our last year and what a way to celebrate the end of three splendid years at Caius. The hosts were centred upon those who had digs at 2 Mortimer Road: Charles Usher, James Learmonth, Paul Scammell, myself, Jim Honeybone, John Blowers and Nick Jackson. Drawing up a guest list was an early and challenging task. We had a large number of mutual friends, so we all made a list of our top ten guests and those that appeared more than once were definitely in. Then we allowed each host to pick some individual guests. The next problem was to find out how many guests would like to bring their own partner – in those days almost exclusively blokes bringing birds. I still have a list in James Learmonth’s tidy script of the guest list with three columns indicating attendance, partners and travel arrangements. Our first thought was to rent a train to take guests up to the nearby unmanned level crossing, a procedure which seemed all the more likely to succeed since the father of one of our Newnham friends – Jo TwisletonWykeham-Fiennes, happened to run the Eastern Region of British Rail. Following Jo’s approach to her father, Charles Usher and I were summoned to the railway headquarters in Cambridge to be advised by some sombre gentlemen that our scheme was doomed. Coal trains ran up and down that line every 10 minutes during the night and they could not contemplate party-going undergraduates scampering around the railway line. In addition they said that the police had determined that we could not use the pub for our party, since it was licensed premises and we did not have the licence. Plan B involved renting a double-decker bus to take our invitees to a spot upriver from the Fish & Duck and then to get a boat to ferry them down to the pub. The next challenge was to convert a capacious outside shed from what had been a chicken house to an area where we could dance. This involved a few heavy hours of manual labour digging out the chicken litter and washing the place down. The day of the party dawned fine and we were on a euphoric crest of a wave when the police arrived and said they could not let the party go ahead as they were worried about too many people using the unmanned level crossing. We said there was no way we could cancel the party. Over a hundred people were coming from far and wide and it would be a physical impossibility to stop them coming. We came up with a compromise which was grudgingly accepted; Paul Scammell volunteered to man the level crossing until all the people had arrived and then again at the end when they were leaving. Tom McCallum had managed to purloin an old upright piano from somewhere and a pick-up truck. So one was lashed to the other and a merry convoy set off with Tom sitting at the piano playing away as the truck set off down the Ely road. As the weather was fine we just emptied the pub of all its tables and chairs and put them on the grass outside. We had lots of wine and nibbles and the guests rolled in. A surprising number of them had managed to find cars or get lifts in one and so our extravagant plans for bus and ferry were taken advantage of by only about a dozen people. A memorable evening was had by all and the hosts certainly felt that they achieved all their expectations in spite of all the pitfalls put in their way. The Fish & Duck did re-open and was a favourite watering hole of inland waterway enthusiasts, but closed again last year and has since been demolished.
34 Once a Caian...
The Fish & Duck in earlier days (above) and, more recently, derelict (right).
36 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 37 Harold Abrahams (1919) in action at the AAA Championships in 1924.
Wolfgang Hackenberg (1988)
Ronnie Thomson (1955)
The quest to understand nature is symbolized in an aesthetically most pleasing and scientifically astute way by the sundials of the Gate of Honour. Whilst the gate was built more than four hundred years ago in 1575, the sundials that we see today are a result of a restoration carried out in 1963. Since then they have been watching silently over many rotations of the planet; remarkable keepers of the constancy of time and reminders of nature’s fundamentals beneath changing human behaviours. I remember these sundials with great affection. They remind me of some of the most carefree and enjoyable years of my life, although I don’t suppose I realised it then. The sundials are one of the most graphic memories I have of Caius, one that I am fond of and that I treasure. And of course this resonates with the physicist inside me; I was at the Cavendish from 1988-93. Much later, it dawned on me one day, that I now owned a stone wall myself, one that was located in the northern hemisphere and looking south, and one on which I was free to do to anything I wanted, as it was a part of my own home, facing the garden. Some readers may guess what is to come next, but how on earth do you calculate the exact angles of the hour lines of a sundial, from its geographic position and the orientation of its surface in space? Not an insignificant problem. However, Fate had made provision, in the form of my Cambridge love Christina who later decided to marry me and has populated the house in question with three children, but her key merit (from this particular point of view, I should say) was that she had a father who turned out to be not only a scientist in fluid dynamics, but a keen amateur astronomer as well. Dr Theo Hottner has a passion for sundials, had all the right formulae and passed the knowledge of how to apply them on to me. As a result, the summer of 2005 saw me up a ladder, manoeuvring rulers, fine paintbrushes and light blue and gold paint, trying to recreate this very personal memory of mine.
In Issue 7, Brian Whitaker (1957) wrote about the Cuppers winning athletics team of 1958, and how Harold Abrahams (1919), winner of the gold medal for the 100m at the Paris Olympics of 1924 and hero of the 1981 Oscar winning film Chariots of Fire, attended the celebratory dinner. Ronnie Thomson, the Captain of the team which actually won both Cuppers and the Inter-College Relay competitions, sent in his Menu for the dinner, signed by many members of the team and also by Abrahams himself. Ronnie remembers that during the course of dinner, Abrahams pointed out that the last time Caius had achieved this Athletics double, was under his captaincy in 1922. Harry Knox (1955), who was also present, remembers most of the names, many of whom were better known for their prowess at other sports. Thomson, of course, was a famous international rugby wing three quarter and Pat Mills (1957) was another wing, winning rugby blues in ’58 & ’59. Brion Weller (1955) was a burly second row forward whilst Roger Christian (1957) was a fine scrum half and golf blue. Jeremy Procter (1956) was Captain of College cricket and the University hockey.
te a nd H arem Pote nta
Although it is 46 years since we left the UK we continue to enjoy hearing news from Cambridge and on trips back, if there is an opportunity to visit, we do so. A must is a walk around Newnham Cottage where, for a time, we lived in Flat F. On our most recent visit, two years ago, we noticed that there were “Dr” residents as opposed to our time when it was “hope to be Drs!”. We recall that Canon Hugh Montefiore (1954) recognized the need for accommodation for married research students and was instrumental in having Newnham Cottage used for the purpose. And it was a house with a history; we recall seeing a photo of Lord Rutherford sitting outside the big downstairs centre window. Compared with our previous accommodations in Cambridge it was sheer luxury and its location was spectacular. Norman, the head porter at Harvey Court, took us under his wing and we particularly remember the lovely garden and gardeners. This oasis was to be put to good use by us when, in March 1964, Newnham Cottage gained another resident with the arrival of our new son, Gareth Paul. When he would not go to sleep at night Daddy and other residents would walk him around the grounds! We remember several weeks after his birth, amid our coming to grips with parenthood and nappies everywhere, a surprise visit from Lady Mott. Paul was soon joined by Rachel de la Hoyde, daughter of the Rev’d Denys de la Hoyde (1954) who made her entry into the world in Newnham Cottage. Later Denys christened Paul in Gonville & Caius Chapel, not in a font but in a silver bowl borrowed from the Master’s Lodge. It was very sad leaving Flat F, but we would not have been able to stay there indefinitely, and noone can take from us the wonderful, happy memories we have of this time in our lives. We will always be grateful to the College for giving us this privilege.
race across the Cam – Jeremy Kilner
Dick Jarrett (1929) Congratulations to Dick Jarrett (1929) seen here celebrating his 100th Birthday with his daughter, Virginia, son in law, Richard and granddaughters, Holly, Venetia and Rosanna.
Walking Silver S the plank, treet B ridge
Menu from the 1958 dinner, signed by Harold Abrahams at the centre bottom.
Howard Merrick (1960) & Ceridwen Merrick
In th Em e Sto man ck uel s ou Co tsid l leg e e
In the article entitled Bathing Bill in the last issue of Once a Caian…, I was interested to read that this memorable event occurred on 10 November 1950. The fact that this day would have been a Friday leads me to believe that the stunt in question took place not in 1950, but in 1951. To corroborate this, I have a collection of 10 colour slides taken on 10 November 1951, a Saturday, of Poppy Day in Cambridge which include a photo of Julian Walker, dressed as an Arab, giving Bill Packer a bath outside Caius. I wrote the date on the backs of the slides soon after they came back from being developed. Most of the photos are not directly connected with Caius but give a good idea of the fund raising activities for the Earl Haig Poppy Fund. One however, shows a great Caius success on the Cam; Jeremy Kilner (1949) winning the barrel race across the Cam at Barrel the Mill Pond. Jeremy told me that, as Honorary Secretary of Caius Boat Club, he was able to borrow a 56 lb weight from the boathouse which he put in the bottom of the barrel to stabilise it, thus enabling him to navigate to a famous win. The remaining slides show a procession of floats through town, led by Lady Godiva on a white horse, and including one of an Eastern potentate with his harem and another of a slave auction. I am amazed that the ladies of the harem were so scantily dressed on a cool November day! There was also “Punt Jousting” on the Backs and “Walking the Plank” off Silver Street Bridge into the cool waters of the Cam below.
Ea st er n
Inset: Midsummer Day at 48º 04’ 42.40’’ N and 11º 40’ 50.20’’ E.
d Julian Walker an us Bill Packer, Cai
Henry Litherland (1944)
. a y 1951 Poppy D a rket Squa re M B oat in n o t ir G
Wolfgang Hackenberg (1988), up his ladder in 2005.
EVENTS & REUNIONS FOR 2010/11 Lent Full Term begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 18 January Development Campaign Board Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 1 March Second Year Parents’ Hall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thursday 17 & Friday 18 March Lent Full Term ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 18 March Telephone Campaign begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 19 March Annual Gathering (1990, 1991 & 1992) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 22 March MAs’ Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 25 March Hong Kong Dinner for Members of the Court of Benefactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Monday 28 March Hong Kong Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 29 March Kuala Lumpur Reception
Thursday 31 March
Caius Club Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 8 April Easter Full Term begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 26 April Stephen Hawking Circle Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 21 May Easter Full Term ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 17 June May Week Party for Benefactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 18 June Caius Club Bumps Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 18 June Caius Medical Association Meeting & Dinner . . . . . . . . Saturday 25 June Graduation Tea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thursday 30 June Annual Gathering (up to & including 1959) . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 5 July Admissions Open Days . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thursday 7 & Friday 8 July Annual Gathering (1968, 1969 & 1970) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 24 September
...always aCaian Editor: James Howell Editorial Board: Dr Anne Lyon, Dr Jimmy Altham & Soraya Nassar Design Consultant: Tom Challis Artwork and production: Cambridge Marketing Limited Gonville & Caius College Trinity Street Cambridge CB2 1TA United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)1223 339676 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.cai.cam.ac.uk/alumni Registered Charity No. 1137536
The Alumni magazine of Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge