EVENTS & REUNIONS FOR 2008
ISSUE 7 SPRING 2008 GONVILLE & CAIUS COLLEGE CAMBRIDGE
Lent Full Term ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 14 March MAsâ€™ Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 28 March Caius Club Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 4 April Telephone Campaign begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 5 April Tokyo Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wednesday 9 April Annual Gathering (1975, 1976 and 1977) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 11 April Hong Kong Dinner for Members of the Court of Benefactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Monday 14 April Hong Kong Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 15 April Mumbai Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thursday 17 April New Delhi Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 19 April Easter Full Term begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 22 April Easter Full Term ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 13 June May Week Party for Benefactors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 14 June Caius Club Bumps Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 14 June May Ball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 17 June Caius Medical Association Meeting & Dinner . . . . . . . . Saturday 21 June Graduation Tea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thursday 26 June Annual Gathering (up to & including 1956) . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 1 July Admissions Open Days . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thursday 3 & Friday 4 July Annual Gathering (1984, 1885 and 1986) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saturday 20 September 1958 Golden Reunion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Monday 29 September Michaelmas Full term begins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuesday 7 October New York and Toronto Visit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . October (dates tba) Commemoration Lecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunday 16 November Commemoration of Benefactors Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunday 16 November Commemoration Feast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunday 16 November Michaelmas Full Term ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Friday 5 December
...always aCaian FIREWORKS over Harvey Court Judging the BOOKER PRIZE Editor: Mick Le Moignan Editorial Board: Dr Anne Lyon, Dr Jimmy Altham, Professor Wei-Yao Liang Design Consultant: Tom Challis Artwork and production: Cambridge Marketing Limited Gonville & Caius College Trinity Street Cambridge CB2 1TA United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)1223 339676 Email: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org www.cai.cam.ac.uk/CaiRing/
How GREEN is Your Clothing? How LEVEL is Your Playing Field?
...Always a Caian 1
From the Director of Development Welcome to the seventh issue of Once a Caian..., the magazine for all members of the Caian community. Together, Caians, parents and friends contribute, each year, over a quarter of the cost of running the College. We thank you for such outstanding loyalty and generosity, an eloquent expression of gratitude for the past and faith in the future. We are proud that Caius again featured in the annual Cambridge 800th Anniversary Campaign Report. Last year it recorded the funding of the Stephen Hawking Building and this year’s Report recognised the 95 Caians who showed what can be achieved collectively by raising £1million to endow the Neil McKendrick College Lectureship.
Mick Le Moignan
We understand that our supporters have various priorities: some wish to invest in the College’s future while others would prefer their gifts to have an immediate impact, benefitting students today. Accordingly, we have set up an Annual Fund, where donations will not be added to the Endowment but will be applied immediately to the College’s current needs. You can read more about this in “Caius Calling!”
In Once a Caian..., we try to paint a picture of the College in the present, showcasing the current achievements of Fellows and students and inviting older members to reminisce and reflect, to provide a perspective on how the community to which we all belong is evolving over the decades. In this issue we learn about the research of Dr Julian Allwood (2000), whose work is part of Cambridge’s significant and complex contribution to global challenges and the sustainable development agenda. Dr Ruth Scurr (2006) takes us behind the scenes in the literary world as she describes her role judging the 2007 Booker Prize. Dr Jimmy Altham (1965), as Chairman of the College Works Committee, shares the challenges of maintaining Harvey Court.
Julia Gilbert (1996) has kindly supplied the College with Boat Club programmes going back to 1987. I would like to add my support to the appeal in CaiNotes for earlier programmes from the Lent and May Bumps to complete the College’s records. Many will be interested to read “How Level is Your Playing Field?”, written by our Admissions Tutor, Dr Andrew Bell (2006), who describes how he and his colleagues assess candidates solely on grounds of their academic potential. They are also building a Caian community for the future, with contacts, commitments, friendships and loyalties that will last a lifetime.
2 Fireworks over Harvey Court: 3 Points of View – Professor David Kunzle (1954) Gabriel Byng (2005) and Dr Jimmy Altham (1965) 4 Judging the Booker Prize – by Dr Ruth Scurr (2005) 6 How Green is Your Clothing? – the work of Dr Julian Allwood (2000)
Dan White caught the friendly faces of the Caius Pantry team: (l to r) Vlasta Pizarro (Assistant Butler), Paolo Pace (Fellows’ Butler), Sammy Lau (Deputy Butler) and Roger Norman (Assistant Butler)
8 How Level is Your Playing Field? – by Dr Andrew Bell (2006), Admissions Tutor 10 Securing the Supervision System – College Lectureships 12 Foot-the-Ball (1947) – by Douglas Rae (1945) 16 Caius Calling! – Telephone Campaign 2008
Dr Anne Lyon (2001) Fellow
20 Thank You! – To All Our Benefactors 24 The Stephen Hawking Circle 26 CaiNotes
“A gift to Gonville & Caius College counts towards the Cambridge 800th Anniversary Campaign”
28 The Caius Foundation (USA) 29 The Caius Australian Scholarship Fund 30 A Case of Mistaken Identity – by Hibbert Binney (1939) 32 CaiMemories 36 Two Poems by Stanley Howarth (1935)
Cover Photographs by Yao Liang (Harvey Court) and Derek Ingram (Fireworks).
18 “Gee, I wonder if...” – interview with Dr Charles McCutchen (1952)
Firework photographs by Derek Ingram.
2 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 3
by Dr Jimmy Altham (1965), Chairman of the Caius Works Committee
by David Kunzle (1954), Professor of Art History at UCLA
rofessor Stephen Hawking (1965) has expressed his delight with the new Caius building that bears his name. One wonders whether William Harvey (1593), the celebrated discoverer of the circulation of the blood, would have been as thrilled with his own commemoration. Harvey Court is a building which causes many Caians’ blood to circulate more vigorously than usual. It is a Listed Building (Grade II*) and therefore an unimpeachable jewel in our national heritage; and yet a Caian who loathes it offered the College a substantial
donation towards a Fund to Demolish Harvey Court and Replace it with a Humane Building! Dr Jimmy Altham (1965), who has the unenviable task of chairing the College’s Works Committee, recently received a hairraising estimate of costs for the re-wiring, reroofing and general refurbishment of Harvey Court. Our day-to-day concern is to provide a warm, safe, welcoming environment for our students – and we succeed, as Gabriel Byng attests on the next page – but we have to struggle against the constraints which the building and its defects impose. Harvey Court is generally attributed to
Dr Jimmy Altham.
Sir Leslie Martin, but Tim Mathias (1957) remembers seeing the first plans for it on the desk of Colin St John “Sandy” Wilson, who worked in Martin’s office. In Wilson’s obituary in the RIBA journal, it is described as: “an extraordinary brick acropolis in the form of a raised court surrounded by student rooms... For Wilson it became a generative idea in the composition of the Oxford University Law Library (1964) and eventually in the form of the British Library.” Whether Harvey Court is a work of art or an atrocity is a matter of individual taste. Here, three Caians have their say.
evisiting Caius for the Golden Reunion of my matriculation year really set up in me a mood of fond nostalgia. But I made the mistake of revisiting Harvey Court, which revived the despair I felt on first encountering it twenty years ago. This is worse than a nineteenth century prison complex, with its denial of outlook to the exterior view and the lead coffin view in the centre. I imagine a gibbet standing there. The inhumanity of the design is an insult to the landscape, to an otherwise beautiful Cambridge with lovely buildings, old and new, and to the poor students incarcerated there. I doubt that I have ever had so violent and immediate a reaction to sheer, wilful, artful ugliness, bearing the stench of a visionless, bureaucratized capitalist education system. By the latter I mean not Caius or Cambridge, or my own education in particular – far from it – but a system that seemed designed, especially among scientists, to imprison our minds. “We are not (in the UK or US) imprisoned for our ideas, because we are already imprisoned by our ideas.” Harvey Court resembles a prison from the outside (whatever joys it may offer from the inside), and symbolizes for me a wellinternalized lock on real rebellion, which universities, or the students in them, seemed to offer momentarily in the 1960s, against nefarious governments that lead us to war and destruction. If Harvey Court is a reaction to that mood of liberation, it has, visually, done its job. Since there are lots of perfectly and equally horrible buildings around to rival Harvey Court, I should admit my anger and distress are much compounded by a sense of great privilege at having lived (and for three years, when most got only one year in College) in St Michael’s Court, with a lovely view of the marketplace. So I take it personally. How lucky I was!
by Gabriel Byng (2005), Current Caius Student
arvey Court must be the most unfairly maligned building in Cambridge. Nobody likes it, from Fellows to students, from visitors to residents. But I think they’re wrong. I have not visited, let alone lived in, better student accommodation since I left Harvey Court two years ago. Even now, sitting at the stone mullioned window of a pretty set in St Mike’s Court, I miss stepping out on one of the balconies that run the length of the building to see a friend or enjoy a stroll. Rather than be concealed behind a closed door or at the end of a faceless corridor, every student is integrated into the Harvey Court community, just a window away from most of the year-group, but still with their own private space. Built at the start of the 1960s, Harvey Court seems to plan for a hopeful future based on community and rationalism, using modern materials, perpendicular lines and a tidy layout. A sense of belonging was not something extra to the modern student’s surroundings, it was built into them. This open and welcoming plan emphasises that Harvey Court is just that: a Court. Most modern student blocks are towering cuboids hidden behind more graceful older buildings, but at Harvey Court you face into a broad courtyard, like the oldest collegiate traditions. Beyond the sweeping balconies, life is formed into micro-communities of about five or six on each corridor, sharing gyprooms and bathrooms that compare pretty favourably with the Old Courts. The stunning gardens, the fantastic location, sandwiched between the centre of town and the countryside, and the multiple centres for socialising made life at Harvey Court a joy.
hatever judgements one may make about the aesthetic and social qualities of Harvey Court, the building itself presents the College with a number of serious difficulties which will be horrendously expensive to resolve. 1) The building is listed as Grade II* by English Heritage, so we cannot make changes that English Heritage would perceive as compromising the integrity of the original design. 2) It wastes energy, with big picturewindows and little insulation. 3) The main roof, which is made of copper, is thought to be coming to the end of its useful life. 4) The terraces and the podium are a concern. The original brick terraces were replaced with concrete slabs, which have become uneven. 5) There is water penetration, either because the waterproof membrane is defective or because of deterioration in the brick parapets. 6) The roof of the recently refurbished breakfast-room needs replacing. 7) The building needs complete re-wiring. 8) The copper heating pipes are beginning to spring leaks – and they are encased in concrete, so can only be reached with a pneumatic drill. 9) The downpipes run inside the brick piers and so are also inaccessible without removing the bricks to reach them. 10) Lavatory and washing facilities need updating. 11) The picture-windows are suffering from decay in the woodwork, with badly worn runners. 12) The parapets are too low. Health & Safety required the College to raise the barrier, but English Heritage forbade any changes to the permanent structure. The unhappy compromise is an ugly post and wire structure along all the tops of the parapets. The College’s current plan is to renovate Harvey Court so as to improve its amenity, efficiency, and ease of maintenance, but the possibility that the problems are even more serious than we think cannot yet be ruled out.
4 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 5
by Dr Ruth Scurr (2006)
was asked to judge the Man Booker Prize in 2007 together with Sir Howard Davies, the Director of LSE, Wendy Cope, the poet, Imogen Stubbs, the actress and Giles Foden, the novelist. When I told my colleagues in Caius their first response was to congratulate me; their second to ask: “Who chooses the Booker judges?” Which is a polite way of asking, “Why you?” The answer to the first question is the Management Committee that administers the prize first established in 1969; from the beginning, the committee has been composed of representatives from the literary world (publishers, booksellers, writers) and nominees from the prize’s sponsors (the Man Group took over from Booker in 2002). The answer to the second question is my work as a reviewer of contemporary fiction over the last decade. As an undergraduate in Oxford, I began reading English then changed to Politics, Philosophy and Economics. Reviewing has been a way of staying in touch with my first academic passion. Typically, I read two or three novels a month and write about them in the Times, the Times Literary Supplement or the Telegraph. You might classify this as a hobby, a part-time job, or a serious intellectual interest. I never expected it to culminate in judging the nation’s most prestigious literary prize.
I do not have statistics for the number of people who have been asked to judge the Booker Prize and said “No, I’m too busy.” There must be some, but I was never going to be among them. That said, the work involved is onerous indeed. Remuneration for the judges is £5,000 (a bit more for the chairman). The number of novels varies slightly from year to year. Every British publisher is allowed to submit two; new novels by authors who have been short-listed in the last ten years are automatically eligible; and the judges can call in a dozen or so extra if they want to. Only British, Irish or Commonwealth writers are eligible. In 2007 there were 110 novels to read between April and early August, when the long-listing takes place; so more or less a novel a day, like vitamins. I don’t think I could have done it, on top of my teaching and other responsibilities, without the support of my friends in Caius. When I came across something good (or when one of the other judges liked something I thought awful) I sought a second opinion among the fellowship. This led to some exciting conversations over lunch and was excellent preparation for the Booker judges’ three formal meetings to decide a long list of 13, a short list of 6 and finally a winner. There were some very tense moments at those meetings, but we were always civil. I vividly remember one judge looking at me coldly and saying: “Just because some people round this table are better at arguing than I am, doesn’t mean I’m going to be changing my opinion.” Another way Caius helped me as a judge was in allowing me to have a room in Finella. Finella is an extraordinary house the College owns on the Backs. It was rented in the late 1920s by Mansfield Forbes who helped establish Cambridge’s English Faculty. With the help of the architect Raymond McGrath, Forbes transformed an ordinary Victorian villa into a modernist hymn to the mythical queen of Scotland, Finella: “a woman ahead of her times” who died when she hurled herself into a glass fountain. The house has fallen into some disrepair, but architectural students still visit to admire the innovative use of glass. I like to think that Forbes’s shade was pleased when I arranged all 110 Booker submissions in
Judging the Booker Prize
his house in a single bookcase: top shelf for contenders, bottom shelf for no hopers, and middle shelf for ones still to read. Forbes warned against “a pathological celerity in reading” and here I’m afraid I let him down. I read the first 100 pages of each novel at my ordinary pace, which is very slow. Then I speeded up, unless there was a reason to slow down again. Rereading turned out to be crucial. At each stage in the selection process, when we reread the novels we had chosen, they shifted dramatically. My experience was that three of the six novels on the short list fell apart on the second or third reading. One judge objected that this was an unfair test: most readers will only read a novel once, so it’s the first reading that carries most weight. I disagree. The aspiration of the Booker prize has always been to identify not a bestseller or beach-read, but a novel that will last and remain interesting in 20 years time. Hard to predict, of course, but the extreme test of three readings in four months is a good starting point. The book I most wanted to win didn’t. Nicola Barker’s Darkmans is a vehemently funny vision of contemporary life set in Ashford, Kent. It is a divisive book: one historian friend in Caius, a wonderful writer himself, thinks it is unreadable. Another Caian, the composer Robin Holloway, loved the novel with me, scene by scene. Meanwhile, my fellow judges, dismayed by the fact that Darkmans is over 800 pages long, gamely agreed to place it on the short list and read it for a third time. One engagingly admitted to being “ashamed” of his earlier dismissive comments, but even so, it didn’t win. The novel that did, Anne Enright’s The Gathering, has proved a contentious choice. The writing is very beautiful, the subject matter depressing and bleak. I remember talking about it in Caius after my first reading, explaining how haunting and deft the prose was, but how inconceivable you’d want to buy
Dr Ruth Scurr (2006) in Tree Court.
a story about grief and child-abuse as a present for yourself or a friend. “Does a book have to be cheerful to win the Booker prize?” a Junior Research Fellow asked, astutely. My appreciation of The Gathering grew with each reading and continues to do so. I gave an undergraduate seminar on it this term for the interdisciplinary paper: Gender and Society.
Talking with students about individual passages, I realised with pleasure and some relief that frantic and fraught as those Booker judging meetings were, onerous as the reading was, we did succeed in identifying a book that stands up to the scrutiny of Cambridge undergraduates: a book that will still be read in 20 years.
6 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 7 Yao Liang
result of five person-years of work on the subject is a fascinating report* which challenges many accepted ideas about our clothes and other fabrics and how we use them and suggests a variety of ways in which we consumers could alter our current practices, to the considerable benefit of the planet. In 2004, UK purchasers spent an average of £625 per head on clothing. Between 2001 and 2005, spending grew while prices dropped; the number of garments bought increased by one third in that four-year period. Currently, UK consumers buy and dispose of around 35kg of clothing and textiles per person, per year, of which about 13% is collected for re-use (Oxfam shops, etc.),13% is incinerated and the rest (26kg per person, less some accumulation in the wardrobes of the nation) is buried in landfill. The life cycle of these garments has complex environmental effects which include: a contribution to climate change through energy use, both for laundering and for production of man-made and synthetic fibres water and soil pollution from the use of toxic chemicals in cotton agriculture and garment manufacture The use of UK agricultural land for landfill High water consumption – particularly for cotton cultivation
Jo is wearing a Japanese take on that perennial favorite of designers – the trench coat – made of yellow felt, £9.99. Underneath is a classic red blouse from Marks and Spencer’s Autograph range, £4.50. She has a red wool pencil skirt by English luxury label Aquascutum, £4.50 and red sandals with a cork wedge (and leopard print lining!), £5.50. The outfit is finished off with a playful yellow leather clutch bag, £3.75. TOTAL PRICE £28.24
Jon is wearing a navy blazer jacket by designer Hugo Boss, £8.25, with a shirt from Marks and Spencer’s Autograph range, the fine black stripes adding to the understated elegance, £4.99. He has classic blue jeans styled in the regular fit, £4.99, and his evening dress shoes are vintage by the now rare British brand Wearra, with leather soles, £9.99. TOTAL PRICE £28.22
How Green is your Clothing?
Dr Julian Allwood (2000) interviewed by Mick Le Moignan (2004)
or many at Caius, research is every bit as important as teaching. The dissemination of knowledge is a vital part of the College’s work, but so is the ongoing search for new ideas and new solutions to new problems. The most significant discoveries often seem to occur in the no-man’s land between two or more disciplines. One of the great advantages of the College system is that it brings together experts in different fields on equal terms and gives them the opportunity to share experiences and learn about each other’s work. For such ancient institutions, Caius and Cambridge are remarkably flexible in focusing
on new issues. There is as yet no Faculty of Climate Change, but that does not stop our chemists and engineers, our physicists, geographers, biologists, botanists, medics, and social scientists adjusting the aims of their research to see what they can add to our understanding of the defining issue of the twenty-first century, carbon emissions and the resulting climate change. Dr Julian Allwood (2000) followed his Cambridge degree with a PhD and MBA from Imperial College, London and worked for Alcoa for ten years, giving him an unusual mixture of academic and industrial experience. Julian is currently a Senior Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering for the University and a College Lecturer, Praelector and Director of Studies at
Caius. He is interested in analysing the flow of raw materials all the way through the processes of production, distribution, use and disposal, to discover ways in which undesirable environmental and social impacts can be reduced in an economically feasible way. He is curious to discover whether consumer choices can make a real difference to the global problem of achieving relative sustainability. Three years ago, he secured funding from the Landfill Tax Credit Scheme through Biffa (the largest British waste collection company) with an additional contribution from Marks & Spencer. The task was to examine the present and future sustainability of the supply of clothing and textile products to the UK. The
• • •
Worldwide in 2000, the clothing and textiles industry was worth around US$1trillion, accounted for 7% of cross-border trade and directly (excluding retail) employed at least 26 million people, often low-paid workers in developing countries. They would feel the impact of any major change in purchasing behaviour. More than a quarter of the world’s textiles production now takes place in China and the industry provides more than 70% of the exports of Cambodia, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The question that Julian’s team set themselves was: “If we could play God with the supply-chain for the production of textiles, how would we make it as sustainable as possible?” (i.e. minimising environmental or social damage). The answer they came up with was very simple: “BUY LESS, WASH LESS!” But this answer gave rise to other questions, such as: “How do we retain a sense of fashion without constantly replacing clothes?” Possibly by spending twice as much money on half as many garments, substituting QUALITY for NOVELTY. Clothes as commodities are easy to discard but once an item has some personal meaning, having perhaps been given or made or repaired by a friend, they develop an added value and we go on wearing them for longer. The “shoddy trade” in the UK, which
Globally, half of the industrial emissions of carbon are due to five materials – cement, steel, plastic, aluminium and paper. Julian is currently seeking funding for an even more ambitious project, to investigate the emissions associated with these materials over the next 40 years. The target that has been set by the Inter-Government Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a cut of 60% in global levels of carbon emission levels from 1990 to 2050. The UK managed to reduce levels from 1990 to 2003 but they are now increasing again. The problem for developing countries is clearly much more acute. Like most teaching Fellows, Julian is torn between the fascination of his own work and the duty and privilege of helping to nurture the finest minds of the next generation. The aim, he says, is to spend two-thirds of his time on research and one-third on teaching; in reality, it is all too often one-third teaching, two-thirds research and two-thirds administration and fundraising – which leaves little time for the pleasures of raising his young family. All the same, he is delighted to be working in an area which is so relevant to the needs and concerns of our times and excited about the potential of his research to add to the sum of knowledge about this colossally challenging problem. Dan White
To test the market for “green” clothing in Cambridge, we sent our two Caian Development Assistants, Jo Wood (2003) and Jon Langford (2003) out to buy a new (to them!) spring wardrobe for a budget of between £25 and £30 each. They went to the British Heart Foundation’s shop at 10 Burleigh Street, Cambridge and were delighted with what they found.
shredded old cloth and reused the fibres has all but ceased to operate. If efficient ways can be found of re-cycling waste clothing, it may well come back into fashion! The research showed a significant difference in the environmental problems caused by cotton garments and manmade/synthetics. The latter use a lot of energy in production but less for maintenance. Cotton used extra energy by being washed at higher temperatures, so for a cotton T-shirt, 25% of carbon emissions came from production and 75% from washing and drying. The total lifecycle energy used by cotton garments could be halved by washing them at lower temperatures and hanging them to dry, rather than using electric tumble-dryers. The conclusion is inescapable: in the case of the clothing and textiles industry, at least, governments have relatively little influence over environmental impacts which are the result of consumer choices and consumer behaviour. Only individuals can make the decisions that would redress the current imbalance. In the course of Julian’s research for this project, the global agenda changed considerably, to the point where carbon emissions became the dominant concern.
Dr Julian Allwood (2000).
There are four main drivers of global carbon emissions: Heating and cooling of air in buildings Transport Generation of electricity Industry
• • • •
In the UK, the first three of these dominate, so building on the lessons about consumer choice from the clothing and textiles project, Julian Allwood says that the message for individuals concerned about global warming is simple: “If you really care about global warming, turn down your heating and get out of the car!”
The fundamental question is whether individual action can ever really make a difference. The conclusion of the Well Dressed Report is that where clothing is concerned, governments can do little: it is only individuals who can start to solve this problem, by changing the way they think and behave and by cutting back on the waste of resources. * The Report “Well Dressed” can be downloaded from: www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/sustainability/projects ISBN-1-902546-52-0 Published by the University of Cambridge, Institute for Manufacturing, Mill Lane, Cambridge CB2 1RX
8 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 9
Level is your Playing Field? by Dr Andrew Bell (2006), Admissions Tutor
confident that their seventeen-year-old selves would secure a place at Cambridge in the 21st century). Choosing between talented students is not at all easy and the College’s teaching Fellows spend many long hours deliberating over, sometimes agonising over, their decisions. Alex Bamji
All work and no play. . .
How are decisions made? There is much talk of declining standards in A-levels and many believe A-grades are handed out all too liberally. Whatever our reservations, the College takes school results very seriously and having access to a candidate’s percentage scores goes some way towards reducing our reliance on the A-grade itself. We are also very interested in a candidate’s GCSEs or equivalents, although we recognise that some candidates are on an upward trajectory and that their earlier results may not always indicate their potential. References and personal statements are very important, particularly when they demonstrate that a candidate has already begun to explore his or her chosen subject in earnest. Evidence of organisation and determination counts for something, although competing in county level cricket is not
necessarily better evidence of these qualities than stacking shelves in the supermarket. In some subjects candidates submit work, in others they sit written tests, and in all subjects applicants are interviewed at least twice. There is no single magic ingredient in all of this. A very strong written test can lift a less compelling interview performance; a very strong interview can lift weaker GCSE results. It is important to emphasize that no candidate is penalised or rewarded for having attended a particular school. The quality of secondary education available varies widely, and whilst it is not the responsibility of universities to make good the deficiencies of some schools, nonetheless it is our responsibility to view each application in its appropriate context. Put simply, school quality affects examination achievement. Of course, we can only choose from those who apply. Caius is fortunate in having a hardwon reputation for academic excellence and every year we receive many applications from well-qualified, enthusiastic, dedicated students. But there are also many talented students who simply never think of applying to Cambridge and Caius. Even allowing for the increase in applications of recent years, we receive an average of only four applicants per place – far fewer than most other selective universities. Some may be put off by lack of information, or worse still by misinformation; others may not have received appropriate encouragement at the right stage in their education. The College goes to great lengths to offer that information and encouragement. We run workshops in College for school students and their teachers, Fellows visit schools, schools visit Caius and we collaborate in a number of major outreach events with groups inside and outside the University. Make no mistake, this does not arise out of some misplaced political correctness. We want to admit those students with the greatest potential to succeed and we cannot assume that they will all automatically come to us.
and Quantum Mechanics’ and ‘Thinking with Milton’. The students were worked hard – we couldn’t let them go home thinking that Cambridge is easy – but between classes and assignments some time was found for play. On the first evening, a mercifully mild Cambridge summer evening, we went punting. To the students’ great disappointment, and my great relief, nobody fell in. On another evening we saw a playful and energetic performance of ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ in Trinity gardens. Throughout these activities, and during the day-to-day business of dining, finding rooms, drinking coffee in the common room and so on, a handful of current Caius students acted as excellent shepherds and ambassadors. I am sure that our own students
have now gained places at this College and a handful more were successful at other Colleges. In time, they too will become ambassadors for the University. Thanks to the continued support of the Youngs, the Summer School will run again this year. Their generosity, together with the commitment of the Fellows and students of Caius, means that we will again be able to offer this hugely enriching opportunity to a group of young people who may not otherwise have Cambridge in their sights. In a piece about admissions which will be read by older Caians, there is one final subject which I should raise, and it can seem a thorny one. Caians are often interested to know how the College would react to an application from a close relative of theirs. Would family Alex Bamji
he national newspapers love stories about Oxbridge admissions but they are often full of contradictory allegations. We are accused by one of elitism, by another of “dumbing down”. According to the press, candidates from independent schools either (a) get into Oxbridge easily because they are good chaps, following in their fathers’ footsteps, or (b) have no chance of a place even if they deserve one, since they are unfairly treated in a clumsy attempt at social engineering. State school students, the media tell us, either (a) get the best exam results but are turned down because their accents or table manners are not up to scratch, or (b) are admitted despite poorer exam results because the university wants to kow-tow to the government to get its public funding restored to former levels. Colleges are alleged either to be (a) slavishly governed by A-level grades or (b) prepared to turn a blind eye to academic failings so as to admit anyone who excels at sport. These stories have just one thing in common: they are nonsense. The truth is very simple. Caius, like all Cambridge colleges, admits students above all on grounds of academic potential. Applicants are treated as individuals, not statistics, and we believe that our processes are robust, fair and that we have nothing to hide. Let us make no bones about it: entry to Cambridge is becoming ever more competitive. Applications have increased by some 35% since the year 2000 and many of these ‘new’ applicants are very well qualified. In the last admissions round Cambridge turned down applications from more than 5,000 students who went on to achieve three or more A-grades at A-level. This certainly was not the case when I applied to university in 1992 (and I must admit to being rather glad of it – many Admissions Tutors are far from
The summer of 2007 saw our most ambitious outreach event to date. Thanks to the great generosity of Thomas and Helena Young, parents of Alice Young (2003), the College was able to run a four day residential Summer School for sixth-form students in state schools. Our aim was to give talented students a meaningful experience of the academic and social life of the College, without charging them a penny, in the hope that this would boost their ambitions and encourage them to think seriously about applying to Cambridge and Caius. The Summer School was advertised to schools a few months in advance and students were invited to apply to study one of five subjects. We were confident that we would fill our 75 places but were somewhat bowled
Members of the first Caius Summer School on the steps of Harvey Court. Spot the Admissions Tutor!
over to receive three applications per place. We chose on academic merit and were particularly pleased that we were able to select a good number of students from schools which do not routinely send applicants to Cambridge. As everyone who has experienced it knows, the great benefit of a Cambridge education is not the buildings and the traditions, wonderful though they may be: it is the teaching. The Summer School was a splendid showcase for what the College has to offer and some thirty Fellows gave up their time to offer lectures, classes and supervisions. Sessions included ‘Medicine, Monsters and Mortality in Early Modern Europe’, ‘The Brain as a Survival Machine’, ‘Flaubert and the Nineteenth Century Novel’, ‘The Biology of Cancer’, ‘Reflection, Navigation
did as much as anyone to make the event a success. Was it a success? In part the point of the exercise was to show a group of sixth-form students and their schools something of the reality of the College. To say that the students were astonished by the commitment of the College’s Fellows to their teaching and research will not surprise Caians, but perhaps what surprised the students themselves was the warmth, approachability and engagement of those who taught them. The students were all very clear that this is the message they took home with them. Perhaps the proof of the Summer School’s success is that more than half of the students who attended went on to apply to Cambridge for undergraduate study, some 30 of whom chose Caius as their preferred College. Seven
association be an advantage or a disadvantage? The answer is, of course, neither. If a Caian recommends the College to others, then we are pleased to infer that we must be doing something right, but lineage simply does not play a part in our consideration of applicants. In truth, we are happiest not knowing that an applicant has a family connection until after all admissions decisions have been made. That way, there can be no suspicion that any candidate has gained their place other than on their own merits in an open competition (and who would want a place gained any other way?). A glance at The Caian will show that approximately 10% of freshmen each year are still related to Caians. As to the role that genetics may play in all of this, well, I leave that to others to discuss.
10 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 11 the Cambridge Department of Genetics and Director of Studies in Biology at Caius. David is a Caian through and through: his wife, Diana Summers (1992) and their son John Summers (2002) both did post-graduate degrees here. After David’s undergraduate time at Caius, he went to Oxford for three years and Glasgow for six but despite never planning to come back to Caius he found himself, in the end, unable to escape its gravitational pull. As a Director of Studies and a College Yao Liang
Securing the Supervision System
more intellectually committed, even though that area interested him greatly. Another cordial chat with Stanley Dennison secured him a place to read Economics Part II under Dennison and Peter Bauer (1934). After National Service as a Gunner in Malaya, he disappointed Dennison, who disliked big companies, by joining a subsidiary of ICI dealing with pesticide development, initially in West Africa and subsequently in South-East Asia. After seven years, John left to join a small
by Mick Le Moignan (2004)
ne of the beauties of Caius is the diversity of our community. From the benefactor who endows a building, to the chef who creates a Feast, the Fellow who gives a talk, the student who sings or the gardener who plants a flowerbed, each member can make a contribution which will bring pleasure and benefit to others. Keith Heppell
Dr Melissa Calaresu (1997).
David Summers (1974) with John Haines (1949) and Annie Haines.
management consultancy company. One way to gain consultancy business as a small company was exposure through conferences, which gave John and one of his partners the idea of developing commercial business conferences. Initially, this was parttime with no overheads but it expanded, with John mainly focusing on product. The range of topics increased from law, tax and property to energy and technology. John felt there should be a natural synergy between conferences and publishing and so the business moved into newsletters. There were some serious setbacks, even disasters, during the progress of the company but it survived and went public, expanding initially into Europe and then globally, adding exhibitions to conferences where appropriate. International Business Communications (IBC) merged with a similar sized company in 1998 to become Informa, which, after two further mergers, is now an FT 200 company. Kind and perceptive friends invited him on a blind date with a vivacious and striking American whom he pursued with characteristic determination and John, who retired from Informa at the age of 70, has been happily married to Annie for eighteen years: they live in rural Devon. He still feels a huge loyalty and affection for Caius and is delighted that the new lectureship he has so generously endowed has been awarded to the Director of Studies in one of the many subjects he studied. Dr David Summers (1974), the new John Haines College Lecturer, holds positions in both Caius and the University: he is Head of
Lecturer, one of the aspects of his work that he most enjoys is the opportunity provided by the College system to get to know his students as individuals, from the day of their admission interviews to the day of graduation. The regular weekly supervisions enable him to follow closely their growing understanding of the subject and consequently to guide their progress in a way that would be impossible if he were teaching a larger group. Neil McKendrick (1958) was a legendary College supervisor, whose rigorous intellectual discipline inspired his students to achieve record numbers of Firsts and starred Firsts. He, too, took the trouble to get to know what made his students tick, so that he could help them to achieve their full potential. Dan White
When our students succeed, whether on the river, the rugby field or even in the Tripos, we are all entitled to feel a little pride in their achievements. The cutting edge of our research is vital, too: we can all bask in the brilliance of the late Francis Crick (1950) or Stephen Hawking (1965), simply because we are fortunate enough to have them as fellowmembers of our intellectual community. The heart of the matter, however, is the quality of our teaching: that is what we offer the newcomer who walks through the Gate of Humility and that is the standard by which we shall be judged in the future. It is hard enough to achieve excellence – but even harder to continue it, as any recent Captain of the Caius Boat Club knows. One of our ambitions is to lay as firm a foundation as we can for the teachers of the future, to protect them, as far as we can, from the political, social and financial pressures that may be brought to bear on them. This is a
debt we owe to our heritage, to those who came before us, as well as to those who will come after us. Our predecessors left us many gifts – stone, glass, silver, works of art and many, many books, but more precious than all of these, they gave us an ideal: that gifted young people should be free to read and study and think, and that wiser, maturer minds should help and nurture them. This is our College’s core value and we have a duty to ensure its continuance. There are two great successes to report in securing the future of the Caius supervision system: John Haines (1949), who was admitted as a Gonville Fellow Benefactor in the Chapel in November 2007, has given £300,000 to endow a College Lectureship which will bear his name; and 95 former students and friends of Neil McKendrick (1958) have together given £1million to endow a College Lectureship in History which will honour his phenomenal success over almost forty years as Director of Studies in History and nearly another decade as Master. John Haines (1949) first came to Cambridge at the suggestion of his lifelong school friend, the late Dr Brian Gibberd (1951) who was applying to read medicine at Caius, and invited John to join him for a “break from school” to take MB Part II Physics in 1947. In a brief interview, the Senior Tutor, E K “Francis” Bennett (1914) pronounced: “Well, as long as your Higher Certificate’s good, you would have a place.” In the event, John did rather better than that, winning an Open Exhibition to read Medicine. “I thought I would give it a go, but you have to be a very driven person to enjoy Anatomy. It’s a bit like learning the telephone directory.” After the first term, he went to see his tutor, Stanley Dennison (1945), and arranged to continue with Human Physiology but to replace Anatomy with Botany. When the Tripos came along, he got a First (“probably only a marginal one”). It was sufficient to win him one of twelve coveted places in Microbiology but he felt the others on the course were
Neil McKendrick (1958).
Neil McKendrick’s former pupils and friends have given over £1million to endow a College Lectureship in History at Caius in celebration of his exceptional dedication. Their generosity has secured the position of the first
Neil McKendrick Lecturer, Dr Melissa Calaresu (1997), allowing her to concentrate on her teaching and research. Melissa is a Canadian, born in Scotland, who won a Commonwealth Scholarship to do her doctorate in the UK. An historian of the Enlightenment in Italy, her research has now moved towards a broader cultural history. Curiously, this mirrors the development of McKendrick’s own work, from economic history to social history, through his study of Josiah Wedgwood and his central perception that “The seismic change in eighteenth century Britain was not the Industrial Revolution, but the explosion of consumerism which fuelled it.” Melissa, who is a Graduate Tutor as well as Director of Studies in History, relishes the privilege of working with outstanding students and teachers: “What’s great about Caius History is the intellectual energy and sense of community among historians at all levels.” Director of Development, Dr Anne Lyon (2001) says: “The College-based supervision system which emphasizes individual learning and encourages argument and debate is under threat. Governments question the cost of giving students so much individual tuition on a weekly basis. “We believe that this small group supervision system is vital to maintaining the excellence of a Cambridge education, which gives our students the flexibility and breadth of outlook needed to succeed in a rapidly changing world. By making such generous donations to endow our College Lectureships, Caians and friends of the College are helping to ensure that the supervision system will continue.” Personal tuition given by first class teachers has always been one of the hallmarks of a Caius education. The process requires a commitment by both teachers and students to an experience which is intense, demanding and expensive, in terms of time and money. Currently, we have 9 College Teaching Officers and 38 University Teaching Officers, the difference being that the latter also have university appointments which pay part of their stipend. Over the next few years, the College hopes all these appointments will be separately endowed, to ensure that the high level of personal attention given to our students is maintained in the future. Caians who matriculated in 1956 resolved at their Golden Reunion Dinner to give £300,000 to endow a College Lectureship commemorating their time here. The latest news, as we go to press, is that their fund is nearly complete. Such loyal and enthusiastic support from older Caians sends a clear message: we care about our College and we are determined to ensure that future generations of Caians will continue to benefit from the finest education available in the years and centuries to come.
12 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 13
Foot-the-Ball An Important 1947 Event by Douglas Rae (1945)
bout the time of the last issue of this publication, I discovered in an old photo album a photograph of a number of young men, including myself, in top hats and other old-fashioned clothes, and wearing false beards or whiskers, standing outside Keble College, Oxford. The picture was labelled “Foot-the-Ball” and dated Trafalgar Day, October 21st, 1947. It occurred to me that the editor might be interested, so I sent him a copy of the photo by e-mail. He responded with questions such as “where was it played?” and “who won?” – baffling me, 60 years after the event. Fortunately he did not ask “who are they all?” After 60 years it is a tough job putting names to faces, even without false beards. In December I sent a Christmas card to Alan House (1943) who had been at Caius at the same time as myself. I enclosed a copy of the photo, and asked if he had any memories of the event, although I did not think he had participated himself. This was not strictly true, and to my surprise I learned that he had squirrelled away several more photographs, and a large wall poster, 10 inches wide and 30 inches long, advertising the event (see overleaf). The poster implies that a similar game to the one advertised had taken place in Cambridge the previous year. Alan also had a miniature poster of what seems to have been a companion to Foot-the-Ball (opposite), which took place in June 1947, a boat race between Caius and King’s College oarsmen dressed in mid-Victorian apparel. Not being a rowing man, I have no recollection of it, but there must have been a link to Foot-the-Ball. A subject for more research, perhaps. Foot-the-Ball in 1947 was organised by Bill Howell, DFC (1945). At this date many of the student population were young men enjoying themselves after active service during, or in a few cases throughout, the Second World War. At Caius, Bill studied architecture, leading to a career in that profession, and in 1973 was appointed Cambridge Professor of Architecture. Appallingly, he was killed in a motorway car
crash in the following year. He is the prominent stocky man with the moustache in one of the photos. The poster tells us that the game was played on the playing-field of Merton College, Oxford, against a team of 15 Oxonians. The Caius team of 15 travelled to Oxford by train, using the old cross-country route via Sandy (“The Brain Line”), now no longer existent. At Oxford, we were kitted out with our top-hats and frock coats, possibly from some wardrobe stock at the Sheldonian Theatre, outside which one of the photos depicts us. From here, apparently, preceded by a band, we went to lunch at the Roebuck Inn, and afterwards on to the sports ground. Members of the Caius team included David Donald (1940), Richard Darlington (1938), John Arbuthnott (1946), Mike O’Hanlon (1941), Geoffrey Neame (1942), John Younie (1945) and Donald Mothersill (1941), some, sadly, no longer with us. Alan House claims he was “chirurgeon” to the team, without, so far as I know, any special medical knowledge. Apart from the costumes worn, the prime eccentricity of the game was that it was played with three footballs simultaneously, each supervised by a separate referee. Each side, however, had but one goalkeeper, who must have been kept pretty busy. The players removed their frock coats but retained their hats. One rule was if you were going to head the ball, you had first to remove your hat. Players were not permitted to “maul, lame or mutilate” other players. I don’t recall the result. According to the poster, the prize for the winners was to be a kilderkin of ale. A kilderkin is two firkins, i.e. eighteen gallons or 144 pints. The agreement was that it should be paid for by the losing team and consumed by both, after the match. Since I don’t remember forking out large amounts of cash to pay for it, perhaps we won! Author’s acknowledgement: This article could not have been written without the material and recollections supplied by Alan House. Many thanks to him!
Bill Howell (1945) enjoying his role as chief organiser.
Gentlemen Foot-the-Ballers engaging in the pre-match warm-up.
14 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 15
16 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 17
Dr Emma Beddoe, the College’s Alumni Relations Officer, with Hilary Fraser (2004), Supervisor for this year’s Caius Telephone Campaign.
by Dr Emma Beddoe, Alumni Relations Officer
Caius Calling! 1
1. Tom Davie 2. Tanya Kohli 3. Mark Austin 4. Natalie Lilienthal 5. Irfan Rahman 6. Oliver Willis 7. Roland Stewart 8. Gillian McFarland 9. Xiao Zhang 10. Ruairidh Villar 11. The Master 12. Haukur Heimisson 13. Yue Miao 14. Barbara Leeney 15. Heather Fleming 16. Charlotte Heales 17. Tom Dodd 18. Charlotte Lee 19. Joshua Baker 20. Rachana Narayanan 21. Raphaele Clement 22. Miles Rowland
he Annual Telephone Campaign has become a familiar part of the year at Caius and is enormously popular with both the callers and the recipients, who enjoy the chance to share their love of Caius with other Caians. For this, our seventh campaign, we are very lucky to have another Caian supervising it: Hilary Fraser (2004) read History and was herself a Telephone Campaign caller in 2006 and 2007. This year, our student callers are studying a diverse range of subjects, including Natural Sciences, History, Law, Modern and Medieval Languages, Classics, Economics, Oriental Studies, Biochemistry, Social and Political Science, English and Engineering. Donations made in response to the Caius Telephone Campaign can be directed either to the Endowment for perpetuity or to the Annual Fund for immediate use. The Annual Fund encourages Caians, parents and friends to remember and revitalise their ties with Caius by making gifts to projects which would not be able to move forward this year without such support. In this way, Caians can demonstrate their affection for the College, their affinity with the Caius community and their wish to help current students. This custom of giving back connects Caians of all ages. The Annual Fund helps to translate ambition into action: it ensures that the College can continue to
maintain the high standards set by its founders. Every gift makes a difference and is very much appreciated. As Professor Christopher Brooke (1945) has observed, a College is not just a collection of fine buildings but a community of people: it is our responsibility to ensure that the most able students can come to Caius, regardless of their financial situation. We then have a duty to continue providing them with world-class facilities through our teaching, research, buildings and libraries. This year, we have a range of projects that we wish to support through our Annual Fund, including Bursaries for undergraduates, a postgraduate Research Studentship, a College Teaching Officer and a Choral Scholarship. We also hope to fund a new roof for the Sports Pavilion, to restore some of the Library’s medieval manuscripts and early printed books and to refurbish a staircase in the Old Courts. Although donors to the Annual Fund may specify how they would like their contribution to be used, the most valuable gifts are those which can be used at the discretion of the Master and Fellows. Unrestricted funds allow the College to be flexible and to direct money strategically to the greatest need. Regular support from Caians, parents and friends is essential to the continued wellbeing and prosperity of our College. Contributions on a regular monthly basis are
particularly welcome, since giving by direct debit enables us to plan ahead. We are very grateful for gifts at all levels. The campaigns we conduct each year are not solely concerned with attracting donations. For many participants, the contact and connection made between Caians of different generations is just as important as the fundraising. This personal interaction with current students is a wonderful way of enabling older Caians to engage more directly with the College today. We would like to thank all Caians, parents and friends who have supported Caius so consistently and generously during previous campaigns: your help is much appreciated. The total from last year’s campaign was just under £400,000 and supported a variety of projects, including student bursaries, building maintenance and the supervision system. Your donation is important and will make a real difference to students’ lives. The campaign will run from Saturday 5 April to Sunday 20 April inclusive. If you would like to receive a call, please contact me by telephone on 01223 339 574 or by email at email@example.com. I will be delighted to arrange for one of the students to call at any time that suits you. The Caius Telephone Campaigns rely on the enthusiasm and knowledge of our student callers and our fantastic team is very keen to make this the best year ever! Yao Liang
18 Once a Caian... Mick Le Moignan
uriosity may be fatal to cats, but it is essential for scientists. Charles McCutchen (1952) has been asking questions beginning with “Gee, I wonder if. . .?” for a long time, but his enthusiasm for scientific enquiry burns as brightly as ever. He recalls with great affection the decade he spent at Caius. These days, Charles divides his time between Princeton, NJ, Bethesda, MD and a hundred glorious acres of forest on the shore of Lake Placid in the Adirondack Mountains of Upper New York State. Luckily for me, “Global warming is still working” and I found him, also still working, late in the Fall, at the stunningly beautiful Lake Placid, twice home to the Winter Olympics. He had postponed his annual exodus, as an obscure piece of mathematics was slowly yielding to his persuasive powers (at the rate of about “one good idea a day”). Charles met me at a builtup bay of the Lake and ferried me across to his family retreat, Camp Asulykit, in an immaculately preserved, one-hundred-yearold wooden motor boat. We paused to gaze in wonder at the purposeful flight of a bald eagle – the first he’d seen that year. On arrival, no less than four boathouses greeted us, containing hydroplanes, designed for skimming across the water at breath-taking speed. A windsurfer lay idle – he gave it up after a heart attack, which seems a pity, as he is only 78, but he has plenty to keep his mind and body sprightly. Whitewater kayaking, he says, is less strenuous! His schooldays were spent in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, where he remembers a schoolmaster who tried to keep him quiet by saying “Those who talk the most have the least to say!” Charles remembers pointing out what an unwise remark that was, for a teacher to make! A physics degree at Princeton followed, but he spent too much time riding motorcycles through the woods on endurance runs and emerged under a cloud. He managed to do well enough in final maths exams, however, by reading the text book like a novel, the previous day. A Master’s degree at Brown University came next, then Charles surprised himself by getting into Cambridge, first as a PhD student under Otto Frisch (and as a motorcycle scrambling or motocross student under Brian Stonebridge), then as a contract researcher, and stayed for ten years. It was here that his eclectic, enquiring mind was allowed its freest rein. His doctoral thesis was on radioactivity. He used a Proportional Counter (a cousin of the Geiger counter) filled with mercury vapour to observe the spectrum of gamma rays from radioactive atoms. He says that
...Always a Caian 19
Professor Charles McCutchen (1952) interviewed by Mick Le Moignan (2004) at Lake Placid, New York State
being an experimental physicist was like being “in trade” because it was necessary to be practical! Next came an attempt to measure the gyro-magnetic ratio of free electrons, but the experiment failed because the vacuum available at the time was inadequate. A colleague “got his degree out of the wreckage” but Charles was not happy. There are, however, consolations in having a mind that speculates on many different problems at once, because there are always successful projects to counterbalance the failures. One of Charles’ great, lifelong fascinations is flight, for example the kind of flight represented by the sycamore or maple seed, which parachutes to earth on one rotating wing. On vacation at Lake Placid in the summer before he came to Caius, he wondered: “Gee, I wonder if the wing could spin fast enough to take it up instead of down?” This was an idea he revisited frequently over the years, constantly devising, designing and making new variants
of the motorised helicopters he launched into the air, in one case so successfully that he never saw it again. He remembers going to Cambridge’s approved area for model aircraft, Stourbridge Common, which had both cows and thistles. “This made for interest: when an engine did not run right, you had to dive out from under it and avoid both thistles and cow pies!” He achieved the celebrity of a feature article in Aeromodeller magazine. He remembers working on a helicopter with the late Deboorne “Buzz” Piggot (1953), another very loyal benefactor to the College: “Piggot and I, the Wrong Brothers, built a model, 11 feet from engine end to wingtip, which was powered by an ED Racer model engine of 2.5 cc pulling sideways. The wing was solid balsa with a 69-inch span and a 3-inch cord. The model screwed its way upward through the air like an apple corer through an apple, but it was weak and soon broke on a landing. Making airplanes larger makes them more efficient but less rugged.”
Charles is entitled to speak with some authority on this subject: a McCutchen-type helicopter made and flown by Steffan Purice of Romania set FAI records in 1963 for model helicopter altitude and duration that still stand today. During his contract research interval, Charles read an article on the lubrication of animal joints: “The thesis was that joint cartilage must be inherently low-friction – a sort of super-Teflon. I thought if I were God, I wouldn’t do it that way!” He went on to think “Suppose cartilage had little, liquid-filled pockets on its surface?” The liquid would have no friction. At this point, “Good luck entered!” Charles’ friend, Tony Broad, had made a gasket out of “Rubazote”, a substance like rubber whipped cream, a closed cell sponge. “By cutting the sponge, I created my material with pockets – and found that the pocketed surface, when lubricated with soapy water, had 30% less friction than the smooth, unpocketed surface of the Rubazote.”
At this point, Charles tried to give the idea away to David Tabor (1936), but “Serendipity happened!” Charles was living in digs and the bath water was heated by an Ascot one floor down. “To get hot enough water in the bath, you had to psychoanalyse the invisible Ascot!” So he used to put his sponge-bag, towel and a change of clothes in a knapsack and come to Caius, to use the showers in the basement under the old Library, in Gonville Court. He had some of the cut pieces of Rubazote in his pocket and while playing with them in the sink, he realised that increasing the pressure on the Rubazote had very little effect on the frictional force, consequently lowering the friction coefficient. “David Tabor had done nothing with the idea, so I took it back!” Soon, Charles was using a letter scale to tow a 100lb weight across a glass plate, supported by three half-inch square pieces of cut Rubazote, lubricated with soapy water.
There was more good luck: Charles went to the Anatomy School to find out about cartilage, and the second person he met was Peter Lewis, of Corpus. Peter made it clear that cartilage was not a closed cell sponge, like Rubazote, but an open cell sponge, i.e. that it did not have pockets in its surface, but was porous. Lewis demonstrated that extra-cellular fluid was expelled from cartilage if one squeezed it. They called the result weeping lubrication. Together, they wrote their discoveries up in two letters, published in Nature. Philip Bowden (1926) told Charles that the editor of Wear magazine wanted to publish the story again. Charles refused but offered to conduct further research. Bowden offered a salary but had no space. Charles found that Colloid Science had a defunct unheated aircraft factory to work in, located a regular supply of pig and cow joints from a local sausage meat factory and spent the winter of 1960-61 doing experiments which involved sliding loaded cartilage along a smooth glass surface. When the cartilage was first put under pressure, the friction was very low, but it increased progressively as the minutes passed and its fluid was wrung out of the cartilage. As lubricant, he compared water with the naturally occurring synovial fluid. Synovial fluid was much the better, but its advantage faded as time passed under load. He hoped to see the pores in cartilage with a microscope, so he diverted long enough to invent and build the Refractometer Microscope, but, as it turned out, the permeability measurements showed that the pores are only about 60 angstroms in diameter – too small for optical microscopes to see. Another idea spun off from this: “The Refractometer Microscope had an aperture in the form of a thin ring – and I wanted to know what the image would be like. So I had to learn about diffraction theory, in the course of which I wondered if the three-dimensional diffractional image was the three-dimensional Fourier transform of the lens pupil, bent around the unit sphere. It was. So the cartilage research took me back to mathematics – but I’m no mathematician. I just wondered if...” Now joint replacement is commonplace, and more is known about the lubrication of natural joints, but Charles is still not satisfied. He says they did the physics years ago, but the chemistry remains incomplete. In particular, he wants to know more about Lubricin, a vital molecular species in synovial fluid: why does it lubricate? Why does it work so much better than several other long-chain polymers? Charles is no chemist, but he has a small family foundation that supports work on these puzzles. And he certainly hasn’t stopped wondering . . .
20 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 21
Thank You! Gonville & Caius College Development Campaign Benefactors The Master and Fellows express their warmest thanks to all Caians, Parents and Friends of the College who have generously made donations since 1 January 2004. Your gifts are greatly appreciated as they help to maintain the College’s excellence for future generations. 1922 Mr K P Pool * 1926 Dr P W Hutton 1927 Mr C Graham 1928 Mr C A M Peaty Mr W S Porter * 1929 Professor P Grierson * Mr H B Hutton * Dr R F Jarrett Mr J A Seymour-Jones 1930 Mr L J Burrows Dr T E Faulkner * Mr F L Kidd * 1932 Dr J M Marchant * Mr R W Morris * Sir Peter Seligman 1933 Dr P P Brown * Mr H M Burkill * Dr J M Drew * Mr C P Fogg Professor E C Ryder 1934 Mr M B Coyle Dr S C Gold Mr H J L Hartford * Mr G F Hepburn * Lt-Colonel F T Hopkinson * Mr G D Woolley 1935 Mr W Brown * Dr A J M Hargreaves * Major General I H Lyall Grant Mr S Marchant * 1936 Dr N F Crofts Dr R E Danckwerts Revd Dr John Foote Mr J B Heigham Major J G Logan * Sir Peter Thornton Professor Sir William Wade * 1937 Sir Maurice Bathurst * Sir Alan Campbell * Mr T A Davies * Dr E W Deane * Mr R A Holden Professor H G Koenigsberger Mr R E M Le Goy Mr J H Page Mr G N Shann Dr J W Squire Dr J B Wyon * 1938 Mr R L Bickerdike Dr M H Clement Mr R R Darlington * Mr W E Lane * Rt Revd Dennis Page Dr M H Russell Mr P H Schurr Mr J A Seldon 1939 Mr J McP Adams * Mr J H Arrowsmith-Brown
Mr C T Bailhache * Revd Canon Robert Baily Mr T C Beswick * Mr H A H Binney Mr M H Claye Dr J P Clayton Mr C H De Boer Professor A E Flatt Mr A R McMurchy Mr J P Phillips Dr V R Pickles Dr J E M Whitehead * 1940 Dr C M Attwood Mr D A Bailey * Dr J E Blundell Mr D A H Brown * Mr R F Crocombe Dr J A R Debenham * Mr A A Dibben Mr G H Dix Mr M L Dowling Mr T G Freeman Dr W S Griffiths Dr R F Payne Dr G S Plaut * Mr W F Poll * Dr D N Seaton Mr S K Walker 1941 Mr D M C Ainscow Mr S Blackford * Mr F H Butler Professor I G Cunnison Dr W H Davies Mr W M Ebden Dr C Edeleanu Dr W M Edgar Mr J B Frost Dr B Hardie Mr H C Hart Dr T M Howell * Dr J K Hulm * Mr M G Manby Dr J M S McCoy Dr J A McDonald Professor M A M Roberts * Dr W R Throssell 1942 Mr P H B Allsop Mr G S F Anton Mr K V Arrowsmith Mr C Billington Mr D E C Callow Mr K C J Case Mr I V Davies * Mr R A Escoffey Mr A A Green Professor A Hewish Dr G A Jones Mr A W Mallinson * Dr K M McNicol Dr R H B Protheroe Mr C Ravenhill Dr E V Rowsell Dr A J Russell Professor E M Shooter Mr E R Slater Mr J M Sword Mr M A H Walford Dr A R H Worssam 1943 Mr L R Atkinson * Professor J A Balint Dr D G H Daniels Mr A M Danziger Mr C H Devonald Mr W L Fryer Professor R H Garstang Dr W M Gibson Professor R Harrop
Mr A G H House Professor L G Jaeger Mr C H Kelley Dr C Kingsley Mr P S Morrell Mr H Piggott Mr B H Roberts Mr J B Self Dr J W M Stone Mr J W H Thomas Dr P W Thompson Dr W R Walsh Mr A M Wild 1944 Air Vice Marshal Geoffrey Cairns Dr E A Cooper Mr N S Day Dr B O L Duke * Mr J M Grundy Mr P G Hebbert Mr B S Helliwell * Mr D J Hyam Revd Gordon Jones Dr H K Litherland Mr J C MacChesney * Dr J L Milligan Mr N T Roderick Mr W T D Shaddick Mr R C Shepherd Mr M R Steele-Bodger Mr D J Storey Mr J H Walford * Mr J A Wells-Cole Mr E M Younie 1945 Dr G P R Bielstein Dr M D Billington Professor C N L Brooke Dr J M H Dickson Professor Sir Sam Edwards Mr J J H Everitt Mr K Hansen Mr J L Harrison Mr R K Hayward Dr J E Herbert Mr P A L Jones Professor B Lythgoe Mr F R McManus Dr R D Montgomery Mr J D Powell Mr D E Rae Mr I W Roberts Revd Lindesay Robertson Dr F C Rutter Mr J L Somervell Dr J C S Turner 1946 The Rt Hon the Viscount of Arbuthnott Mr G Aspden Dr D A P Burton Mr G G Campbell Dr W J Colbeck Mr D V Drury Dr J R Edwards Mr K Gale Mr P N Hamilton * Dr A F Hignell Mr W M Holland * Professor B S Jay * Mr G R Kerpner Mr P F Owen * Mr H C Parr Revd Canon Michael Percival Smith Mr R V C Phillips * Dr R F Sellers Dr G W Smallcombe Revd Peter Tubbs His Honour Geoffrey Vos
1947 Mr J R Coward Mr K J Gardner * Mr F N Goode Revd Stephen Hough Professor W H W Inman * Mr J M S Keen Mr H Latham Mr B J Loffler Mr D L Low * Mr N E A Moore Revd David Phillips Mr R J Sellick Mr A C Struvé Revd Canon Christopher Tubbs Mr R B R Watkin Mr H G Way 1948 Dr P C W Anderson Dr A R Baker Mr J B Booth Mr P J Bunker Mr E J Chumrow Mr D P Crease Mr D E Creasy Professor N C H Dunbar Mr E V A Escoffey Mr T Garrett Mr M A A George Mr L J Harfield Mr W A O Jacob Professor J F Mowbray Mr T R Norfolk * Mr J B Pond Professor T A Preston Revd Canon Alan Pyburn Mr J Sanders Mr R D Shaw Mr P R Shires Dr M J Turner Dr R S Wardle Mr I Winning 1949 Mr M A Bardsley Mr A G Beaumont Mr A Birch Professor L L Cavalli-Sforza The Rt Hon the Lord Chorley Dr J T Cooke Mr K J A Crampton Mr R D Emerson Dr J H Gervis Mr J F Girling * Mr J J H Haines Mr M J Harrap Mr E C Hewitt Dr H H John * Mr D H Jones Mr J H Kelsey Mr J C Kilner Mr F E Loeffler Mr C E C Long Mr M G MacGregor * Mr A F C Morris Mr A M Nicol Mr J Norris Mr W R Packer Mr P M Poole Mr I G Richardson Mr A W Riley Sir John Robson Dr J D Swale Dr D A Thomas Mr J F Walker Mr C M Woodham 1950 Mr G A Ash Dr A E Ashcroft Mr P J Braham Mr I D Bruce Mr J G Carpenter Professor P S Corbet
Mr R G Dunn Mr B L Edwards Dr A C Fernando * Mr W J Gowing Major J R Grogan Professor J C Higgins Dr M I Lander Mr A J Lloyd Mr G S Lowth Mr D Malcolm Dr F Mansfield Mr C J Martin * Revd Canon John Maybury Dr P B McFarlane Professor D H Michael * Mr D L H Nash Dr S W B Newsom Mr A G C Paish Mr D S Paravicini Mr J A Potts Mr G D C Preston Mr D A Skitt Dr J M Smyth Mr D B Swift Mr J S H Taylor Dr S G Taylor Mr S P Thompson Revd Canon Dr Stephen Trapnell Mr W A J Treneman Professor H U H Walder Mr L F Walker Revd Philip Wright Mr P L Young 1951 Dr R A Aiken Mr A C J Appleyard Professor E Breitenberger Mr J R Brooke Mr G H Buck Mr J J Burnet Dr A J Cameron Mr P R Castle Mr J M Cochrane Mr R N Dean Revd Nicholas Dixon Mr W L J Fenley Mr R B Gauntlett Dr F B Gibberd * Dr J E Godrich Revd Peter Hancock Revd Canon Alan Heawood Mr J M Hepworth * Mr J P M Horner Mr G S Jones Professor L L Jones Mr R K Laidlaw Mr I Maclean Mr E R Maile Mr P T Marshall Mr P S E Mettyear Mr J K Moodie Mr B H Phillips Mr S Price Dr R S O Rees Mr J C Riddell Revd Timothy Surtees Mr J E Sussams Mr A R Tapp Mr S R Taylor Mr P E Walsh Mr C H Walton Revd Ryder Whalley Professor M J Whelan Mr P Zentner 1952 Dr A R Adamson Professor J E Banatvala Mr R H Barnes Mr G D Baxter Dr M Brett Mr D Bullard-Smith Mr D Chare
The Rt Hon Lord Cooke of Thorndon * Mr C J Dakin Dr A J Earl * Mr C B d’A Fearn Mr G Garrett Dr T W Gibson Mr E S Harborne Mr J A G Hartley Mr D B Hill Mr E J Hoblyn Mr A A Hooper Mr G M B Hudson * Professor G W Kirby Dr T S Matthews Revd David Maybury Dr C W McCutchen The Rt Hon the Lord Morris of Aberavon Mr P J Murphy Dr M J O’Shea Mr S L Parsonson Mr J W N Petty Dr M J Ramsden Professor M V Riley Mr P M Rossiter * Dr J D Sanders * Dr N Sankarayya Mr J de F Somervell Mr D Webb Mr R P Wilding Mr J Woodward
Mr D J Boyd Professor I F Brockington Professor C B Bucknall Mr S A Cang Dr R J Cockerill Mr G Constantine Mr D I Cook Dr R A F Cox Dr D B Davies Dr J M G Davis Mr J P Edwards Mr D R Fairbairn Professor J Fletcher Dr A E Gent Dr A J Gordon Professor N J Gross Dr J P Gurney Mr M J Harding Mr J D Heap Mr R A Hockey Dr M C Holderness Mr R J Horton Mr R W J Hubank Mr J S Kirkham Dr K A Macdonald-Smith Dr F P Marsh Rt Revd Christopher Mayfield Mr J K Millar Rt Revd Hugh Montefiore * Mr R W Montgomery Colonel G W A Napier Mr D J Nobbs Mr J O’Hea Mr J D Painter Mr B C Price Professor D J Radcliffe Mr R M Reeve Sir Gilbert Roberts Mr T W J Ruane Dr J M S Schofield Mr D Stanley Mr M H W Storey
1953 Dr N A Atalla Mr A J Bacon Mr M K A Baig Professor A Brock Mr J M Bruce, Jr Mr T Copley Mr P H Coward Dr P M B Crookes Dr D Denis-Smith Dr A H Dinwoodie Revd Henry Faulkner Mr G H Gandy Mr B V Godden Mr H J Goodhart Mr B Higgs Mr M A Hossick Mr C B Johnson Dr D H Keeling Professor J G T Kelsey Mr J E R Lart Mr R Lomax Mr D S Mair Dr D M Marsh Dr H Matine-Daftary Dr M J Orrell Mr E C O Owen Mr D Piggot * Mr M H Pittard Mr J F Pretlove Mr J Reed Mr C J Ritchie Mr J P Seymour Mr I P Sharp Mr P T Stevens Mr B J Sydenham Mr J Turner Mr G A Whalley * Mr J A Whitehead Professor Sir Christopher Zeeman
1955 Mr R B Aisher * Mr C F Barham Mr M W Barrett Mr D I Bowen * Mr J A Brooks Dr J H Brunton Mr A R Campbell Dr M Cannon Dr P D Clothier Mr A A R Cobbold Dr C K Connolly Mr J R Currie Mr F S Curtis Professor K G Davey Dr P G Davey Mr J T Dean Mr C D Donald * Dr R A Durance Mr R J Forster Dr D H Fowler * Mr R Hall Mr C B C Johnson Professor J J Jonas Dr T G Jones The Rt Hon Sir Paul Kennedy Mr A H Kidd Mr M E Lees Mr J J Moyle Dr P J Noble Rt Revd Michael Nuttall Mr G R Oram * Dr J P A Page Mr C H Prince Lieutenant-Colonel C B Pritchett Mr A R Prowse Mr A B Richards Mr D M Robson Dr A P Rubin Revd John Russell Mr J A B Taylor Mr J D Taylor Mr H W Tharp Mr T J Threlfall Dr R B Walton Mr G Wassell Dr P J Watkins Dr J Winter Professor I Ziment
1954 Professor M P Alpers Mr D R Amlot Mr J Anton-Smith Mr J L Ball Professor J H J Bancroft Mr D G Batterham Mr M A Bayer Mr P A Block Mr D W Bouette
1956 Professor D Bailin Dr R J Balcombe Revd Canon Maurice Bartlett Dr N G I Cawdry Mr J A Cecil-Williams Mr P R Clynes * Mr G B Cobbold Mr A G A Cowie Dr J P Cullen
Professor J S Edwards Professor G H Elder Mr J K Ferguson Mr M J L Foad Mr R Gibson Professor A H Gomme Mr M L Holman Professor I M James Professor A J Kirby His Honour Dennis Levy Mr R B Lewis Mr J D Lindholm Dr R G Lord Mr P A Mackie Mr B J McConnell Dr H E McGlashan Revd Canon Philip Morgan Mr J F Newsome Mr P A R Niven Mr B M Nonhebel Mr T R R O’Conor Mr A J Peck Mr J A Pooles Mr J J C Procter Mr J V Rawson Mr T J Reynish Mr J M Rice Mr C J D Robinson Professor D K Robinson Mr T S Rowan Mr I Samuels Mr I L Smith Mr R R W Stewart Mr C W Swift Mr J R S Tapp Professor E F Timms Mr R C Tongue Mr A A Umur Mr A G Webb Dr J B L Webster Mr H de V Welchman Dr R D Wildbore Mr J P Woods Dr D L Wynn-Williams 1957 Mr A B Adarkar Mr W E Alexander Dr I D Ansell Dr N D Barnes Professor V E Barnes II Mr D H Beevers Mr J C Boocock Mr G Boxall Mr T Bunn Dr T R G Carter Dr J P Charlesworth Mr B H Clarke Mr M L Davies Dr T W Davies Mr E J Dickens Professor A F Garvie Mr W G B Harvey Mr J D Henes Mr P Henry The Very Revd Dr Michael Higgins Mr E M Hoare Mr A S Holmes Professor F C Inglis Mr A J Lambell Mr J L Leonard Mr J S H Major Mr T F Mathias Dr R T Mathieson Professor A J McClean Mr D Moller Mr A W Newman-Sanders Dr M J Nicklin Mr I H D Odgers Dr J R Ogle Mr R D Perry Mr A P Pool The Rt Hon Sir Mark Potter Dr R Presley Mr N M B Prowse Mr P W Sampson Mr G A Stacey * Professor J N Tarn Mr O N Tubbs The Rt Hon Lord Tugendhat Mr C B Turner Revd Professor Geoffrey Wainwright Dr D G D Wight 1958 Mr C Andrews Professor R P Bartlett Mr J E Bates Mr A D Bibby Mr T J Brack Mr J P B Bryce Mr J D G Cashin
Sir P F Crane Dr J M Davies The Rt Hon the Lord Geddes Dr M T Hardy Professor F W Heatley Mr D M Henderson Mr J A Honeybone Professor J O Hunter Mr H I Hutchings Mr C L W Jackson Mr J R Kelly Dr G N W Kerrigan Mr R D Martin Mr C P McKay Mr N McKendrick Mr A D Myers Mr T S Nelson Mr R H Pedler Mr V H Pinches Mr G D Pratten Mr F C J Radcliffe Mr M P Ruffle Lord Simon of Highbury Dr F D Skidmore Sir Keith Stuart Mr A J Taunton Professor B J Thorne Mr C M Usher Mr J B R Vartan Dr G A Walker Revd John Watson 1959 Dr D J Beale Mr K N Bradley Dr D E Brundish Mr S H Buchan Mr L J Cavendish Mr A D Chilvers The Rt Hon Kenneth Clarke Dr A G Dewey Mr J E Drake Mr B Drewitt Mr D A Dryer Revd Timothy Duff Rt Revd David Evans Mr G A Geen Dr J A Gibson Mr T A J Goodfellow Mr D N C Haines Revd Dr Robert HamertonKelly Mr M J D Keatinge Mr C J Methven Mr M M Minogue His Honour Judge Mott Mr A F Oliver Dr G P Ridsdill Smith Mr J H Riley Mr J R Sclater Revd David Sharp Professor Q R D Skinner Dr M J Sole Dr I Sykes Professor P J Tyrer Dr A G Weeds Dr & Mrs M D Wood 1960 Dr N A Bailey Mr J G Barham Mr H V Beck Mr T D Belopopsky Mr B C Biggs Dr A D Brewer Dr G M Clarke Mr M G Collett His Honour Judge Cowell Professor E R Dobbs Dr C H Gallimore Revd Peter Gant Dr D F Hardy Dr R Harmsen Dr R M Keating Dr P I M Keir Dr J A Lord Professor J S Mainstone Revd Dr Tony Marks Dr P Martin Mr M B Maunsell Mr R A McAllister Dr H F Merrick Dr E L Morris Mr G R Niblett Mr J A Nicholson Mr M O’Neil Mr W J Partridge Mr P Paul Professor A E Pegg Dr A T Ractliffe Mr C W M Rossetti Dr B M Shaffer Revd Canon Peter SouthwellSander *
Professor W D Stein Professor M S Symes Professor P S Walker Professor M S Walsh Mr A A West Mr J D Wilkin Mr D H Wilson Mr R D S Wylie Dr G R Youngs Dr A M Zalin 1961 Mr C E Ackroyd Mr A D Bell Professor Sir Michael Berridge Professor T Cavalier-Smith Mr J P Collins Mr P Cooper Professor J R Cove-Smith * Dr M D Dampier Mr J O Davies Dr J S Denbigh Mr P W Durant Mr D K Elstein Mr J A G Fiddes Mr M J W Gage Dr J M Gertner Dr K N Haarhoff * Mr M D Harbinson Mr E C Hunt Mr R T Jump Dr A B Loach Mr R G McMillan Professor P B Mogford Professor R J Nicholls Mr J Owens Dr J M Pelmore Mr C H Pemberton Professor R H L Phillipson Mr M E Setchell Mr D C W Stonley Dr R I A Swann Dr I G Thwaites Mr R E G Titterington Dr M P Wasse Mr V D West Dr N E Williams 1962 Dr J S Beale Mr D J Bell Dr C R de la P Beresford Mr P S L Brice Dr D Carr Mr P D Coopman Mr T S Cox Colonel M W H Day Mr M Emmott Professor Sir Alan Fersht Dr T Garrett Mr H M Gibbs Mr T M Glaser Mr A D Harris Mr D Hjort Professor A R Hunter Mr P O Hutchings Mr P A C Jennings Mr J W D Knight Professor J M Kosterlitz Mr A J C Lodge Mr F J Lucas Professor A J McMichael Mr G N Meadon Mr A P Nicholson Mr N Redway Dr G A W Ross Mr G A Shindler Dr R N F Simpson Mr R Smalley Dr P J W Smith Mr M J Starks Mr J D Sword Mr F R G Trew Mr M G Wade Mr D R F Walker Mr A P R Walls Mr G J Weaver Mr H N Whitfield Mr R G Williams Mr R G Wilson 1963 Dr P J Adams Mr P N Belshaw Dr T G Blaney Dr J A Clark Dr C R A Clarke Mr E F Cochrane Mr R M Coombes Dr R P Duncan-Jones Dr H Fraser Mr A J Grants Mr P M G B Grimaldi Sir Thomas Harris
Mr C F D Hart Dr M A Hopkinson Dr R H Jago Mr B L Kerr Mr M S Kerr Mr D J Landeryou Professor W Y Liang Dr C W Mitchell Mr V L Murphy Mr D B Newlove Dr H F Norden Dr J R Parker Mr M J Pitcher Mr P A Rooke Professor D J Taylor Sir Quentin Thomas The Hon Mr Justice Tugendhat Mr P H Veal Mr D J Walker Dr R F Walker Mr J D Wertheim Dr J R C West Dr M J Weston
Mr J R Escott Mr M N Fisher Mr D R Harrison Dr L E Haseler Mr R E Hickman Mr R Holden Professor R C Hunt Dr R Jackson Mr D C Lunn Mr M C Mansfield Dr A A Mawby Mr P V Morris Mr V K Pinto Mr S M Poster Mr N F Riddle Mr J A Strachan Mr N E Suess Mr D Swinson Mr D F White Mr S M Whitehead Mr J M Williams Mr P E Wilson Revd Richard Wyber
1964 Mr P Ashton Mr D P H Burgess Mr G E Churcher Dr N C Cropper Mr M Elland-Goldsmith * Dr H R Glennie Mr A K Glenny Professor H Gohain Mr G A Gray Dr R J Greenwood Professor N D F Grindley Sir John Hall Professor K O Hawkins Mr B D Hedley Mr J Horsfall Turner Mr A Kirby Dr T Laub Professor S H P Maddrell Dr H M Mather Mr S J Mawer Mr C J Meux Dr L E M Miles Mr A K Nigam Dr B V Payne Mr J H Poole Dr W T Prince Professor N W Read Mr M D Rock Dr C N E Ruscoe Mr J F Sell Dr N M Suess Mr F M Vendrell Mr R C Wells Mr I R Woolfe
1967 Mr J G Ayton Mr G W Baines Mr J L Carter Mr C F Corcoran III Mr P G Cottrell Dr A Eilon Dr M C Frazer Mr T Hashimoto Mr D G Hayes Professor D R Hayhurst Mr M D Hutchinson Mr J R Jones Mr N G H Kermode Mr R B Kirby Mr R J Lasko Mr D I Last Dr I D Lindsay Mr T W Morton Mr A M Peck Professor N P Quinn Professor J B Saunders Mr H J A Scott Mr G T Slater Mr C J Thompson Revd Dr J D Yule
1965 Dr J E J Altham Professor L G Arnold Mr A M Brownett Mr N M Burton Mr A C Butler The Hon Mr Justice Christopher Clarke Dr C M Colley Mr H J Elliot Dr W J Fielding Mr J H Finnigan Mr A J Habgood Mr J Harris Dr D A Hattersley Revd Paul Haworth His Honour Judge Holman Mr R P Hopford Dr K Howells Dr R G Jezzard Dr R R Jones The Honorable Dr John Lehman Mr M J Maguire Dr P J Marriott His Honour Judge Morris Mr T Mullett Dr P B Oelrichs Professor C V Reeves Dr P D Rice Mr R N Rowe Mr A C Scott Mr I D K Thompson 1966 Mr M J Barker Dr D S Bishop Dr J P Calvert Dr C I Coleman Mr S J Cook Dr K R Daniels Mr C R Deacon Mr D P Dearden Mr P S Elliston
1968 Dr M J Adams Professor P A Brunt * Mr A C Cosker Mr J C Esam Revd Dermot Fenlon Mr J M Fordham Mr R J Furber Mr D P Garrick Dr E M Gartner Professor P W Gatrell Mr D S Glass The Rt Hon the Lord Goldsmith Mr M D Hardinge Mr P A Hier Mr D J Laird Professor R J A Little Dr D H O Lloyd Mr B A Mace Mr J I McGuire Mr E J Nightingale Mr J A Norton Dr I D A Peacock Dr T G Powell Mr S Read Dr P G Reasbeck Mr P S Shaerf Dr B C Teague Mr P J Tracy Dr M McD Twohig Dr J P H Wade Dr G S Walford Dr D P Walker Mr V Wineman 1969 Dr S C Bamber Mr M S Cowell Rt Revd Kenneth Cragg Dr M K Davies Mr J M Denker Dr M W Eaton Mr R J Field Dr C J Hardwick Mr J S Hodgson Mr A Keir Mr R L Kottritsch Dr I R Lacy Mr R G McGowan Dr D W McMorland Dr M S Phillips Mr M C N Scott
22 Once a Caian... Mr A P Thompson-Smith Mr P B Vos Mr A J Waters Professor M S Wayne Dr N H Wheale Mr D A Wilson Mr P J G Wright 1970 Mr J Aughton Mr R Butler Dr D D Clark-Lowes Mr G J H Cliff Mr R P Cliff Mr D Colquhoun Professor P J Evans Mr P S Foster Mr L P Foulds Mr J D Gwinnell Mr N A J Harper Dr M B Hawken Dr J A S Howell Mr C H D Jeeps Mr C A Jourdan Mr J S Kilner * Mr L G Kosmin Mr B S Missenden Mr A J Neale Mr C G Penny Professor D J Reynolds Dr I N Robins Mr B Z Sacks Dr R D S Sanderson Mr B M Shacklady Mr D C Smith Dr S A Sullivan Mr I R Watson Professor R W Whatmore 1971 Dr J P Arm Mr P Boeuf Dr S Brearley Mr J P Canter Mr H H J Carter Mr J A K Clark Mr P D M Dunlop Mr J A Duval Professor D M Hausman Dr P Kinns Dr N P Leary Dr P G Mattos Mr R I Morgan Mr L N Moss Mr N D Peace Dr M B Powell Dr A J Reid Professor P Robinson Professor R B Sales Dr P T Such Mr P A Thimont Mr A H M Thompson Dr S Vogt Professor C D Woodroffe Mr C G Young 1972 Mr A B S Ball Mr D R Barrett Mr J P Bates Dr D N Bennett-Jones Mr S M B Blasdale Mr R J Bryant Mr S N Bunzl Mr I J Buswell Mr J G Cooper Mr C G Davies Mr J E Erike Mr P J Farmer Mr C Finden-Browne Mr N P Gibson Mr R H Gleed Professor R A L H Gunawardana Mr P G Hadley Mr R S Handley Dr R A Harrad Dr M J F Humphries Mr A M Hunter Johnston Professor W L Irving Mr P B Kerr-Dineen Mr J R Moor Mr R E Perry Professor A T H Smith Dr T D Swift Revd Dr Rob Thomas Mr R E W Thompson Mr R D Wakeling Dr A F Weinstein Revd Dr John Williams 1973 Professor J V Bickford-Smith Mr N P Carden
...Always a Caian 23 Dr R H S Carpenter Mr A I B Clarke Mr J P Cockett Mr R A Cohen Mr S P Crooks Mr M G Daw Professor P M Echenique Mr P C English Mr R Fox Dr J A Harvey Mr J R Hazelton Dr W F Hutchinson Dr A M Lister Mr D A Lowe Mr K F C Marshall Mr J S Morgan Professor T J Pedley Mr J E P Poole Mr A W M Reicher Dr D Y Shapiro Mr M Shellim Dr W A Smith Mr J S R Stroud Mr J Sunderland Mr D G Vanstone Mr G C Vos Mr S J Waters Mr G A Whitworth Dr J B Wirth 1974 Mr M A Binks Professor A J Blake Dr M J Bleby Mr A B Clark Dr L H Cope Mr P J Craig-McQuaide Mr M L Crew Dr N H Croft Professor J H Davies Dr A G Dewhurst Mr L D Engle Dr M G J Gannon Mr T D Gardam Professor J Gascoigne Mr P A Goodman Dr P J Guider Dr M C Harrop Dr W N Hubbard Mr D G W Ingram Mr N Kirtley Mr W S H Laidlaw Mr P Logan Mr G Markham Mr J G A McClean Dr R B Outhwaite * Mr D M Potton Professor B D Reddy Mr A H Silverman Dr N H Thom The Rt Hon Lord J A Turner Mr C Vigrass Mr D K B Walker 1975 Mr E J Atherton Mr S L Barter Mr P S Belsman Mr W G Bowsher * Mr A J Campbell Dr P I Clark Mr S Collins Mr A E Cooke-Yarborough Mr M G Day Mr E A M Ebden Mr N R Gamble Professor H James Dr N Koehli Mr F N Marshall Dr R G Mayne Mr K S Miller Mr G Monk Revd Martyn Neale Professor I P L Png Dr H C Rayner Dr M P Reasbeck Mr G R Sherwood Dr F A Simion Dr T J Stephenson Revd Canon Ian Tarrant Dr J M Thompson Mr B J Warne Mr J R Wood 1976 Mr J J J Bates Mr S J Birchall Dr H D L Birley Mr N G Blanshard Professor J R Bradgate Mr L G Brew Councillor R J Davis DL The Hon Dr Richard Emslie Mr M W Friend
Dr F G Gurry Mr J Haim Dr P R Harvey Dr A C J Hutchesson Dr S T Kempley Dr C J Lueck Dr C Ma Dr S J Morris Dr D Myers Mr D C S Oosthuizen Mr J S Price Mr S J Roith Mr S Thomson Mr J P Treasure Mr N K A S Vaz Mr O H Warnock Dr A J M Whitley Mr A Widdowson 1977 Mr P J Ainsworth Mr S T Bax Mr J P Black Mr A C Boulding Mr R Y Brown Mr A L Gibb Dr C-T Goh Mr A R D Gowers Mr R M House Mr B S Hundal Dr M S Irani Dr G H Jackson Dr S K Kearsley Mr S R Laird Mr K H McKellar Dr L S Mills Mr H N Neal Dr R P Owens Dr A Pagliuca Dr R Purwar Mr I M Radford Professor T A Ring Dr G S Sachs Mr A J Salmon Dr L F M Scinto Mr S A Scott Mr C Sideris Mr M J Simon Professor & Mrs R Y Tsien Dr P A Watson Mr D J White Dr A N Williams Mr R C Woodgate 1978 Mr H M Baker Mr J C Barber Revd Dr Alan Bartlett Dr T G Blease Dr G R Blue Mr M D Brown Mr C J Carter Mr J M Charlton-Jones Mr A D Cromarty Dr P G Dommett Mr M J Eccleston Dr J Edwards Mr R C S Evans Mr R J Evans Mr P P S Fekete Mr T J Fellig Mr A B Grabowski Dr E Hatchwell Dr C N Johnson Mr P R M Kavanagh Mr D P Kirby Mr R A Lister Dr D E Muckle-Jones Mr A J Noble Mr T D Owen Mr M H Pottinger Mr M A Prior Dr B A Raynaud Mr P J Reeder Mr M H Schuster Revd Alastair Thom Dr D Townsend Dr M St J Turner Mr D W Wood 1979 Dr M G Archer Mr T C Bandy Mr N C Birch Mr J R Braund Dr P J Carter Dr S A P Chubb Mr P A Cowlett Mr N G Dodd Mrs C E Elliott Mr J Erskine Dr J A Fotheringham Mr S R Fox Ms C A Goldie
Dr A R Grant Mr R P Hayes Mr T E J Hems Dr A W Herbert Professor P W M Johnson Mr P J Keeble Mrs J M Paton Professor C T Reid Dr K C Saw Dr M E Selby Ms D M Sorkin Dr J Strässler Dr P C Taylor Mr N J Tregear Dr R P Tuckett 1980 Mr C P Aldren Mr A M Ballheimer Dr N P Bates Mrs J R Burry Revd Dr Peter Donald Dr R J Gibbens Dr S L Grassie Mr M J Hardwick Mr R H Hopkin Sir Simon Milton Professor J R Montgomery Mr A N Norwood Mr R N Porteous Ms J S Saunders Mr J M E Silman Professor M Sorensen Professor J A Todd Mr R L Tray Dr C Turfus 1981 Mrs J S Adams Mrs A M Barry Dr R C Bethell Mr S Cox Dr D J Danziger Mr J M Davey Dr P H Dear Ms C T Donald Mrs B C Donnelly Mr N J Farr Mr R Ford Dr A Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg Mr P G Harris Mr W S Hobhouse Mr R H M Horner Mr C L M Horner Ms B J Kitchen Mr P W Langslow Dr J W McAllister Dr O P Nicholson Dr J W Norris Mr M W Richards Mrs M Robinson Mr T Saunders Dr J L d’E Steiner Dr D M Talbott Mr K J Taylor Ms L J Teasdale Mr C J R Van de Velde Dr E A Warren Ms S Williams 1982 Mr D Baker Mr J D Biggart Dr M A S Blackburn Dr N C Campbell Revd Dr Eric Clouston Mrs N Cross Mr A R Flitcroft Dr P A Fox Mr J E M Haynes Mr P D Hickman Mr M J Kochman Mr P Loughborough Ms E F Mandelstam Mr D J Mills Professor M Moriarty Ms M K Reece Thomas Mr A Roberts Mr A A Shah Mrs A J Sheat Mrs E I C Strasburger Mr J P Taylor Dr M J Weait 1983 Dr R F Balfour Dr D B Bethell Mr H M Cobbold Dr S A J Crighton Mr A L Evans Mr T M Fancourt Mr P E J Fellows Dr W P Goddard
Mr N J Hammond Mr W A C Hayward Mr S A Kirkpatrick Mr J F S Learmonth Mr C Loong Mr J B K Lough Dr R C Mason Mr R H Moore Mr R M Payn Dr A G Remensnyder Mr S C Rowarth Mr A Rzym Mr H C Shields Mr A G Strowbridge Mr R B Swede Mr N J Taffinder * Miss A Topley Mr C H Umur Ms H E White Dr S F J Wright 1984 Dr H T T Andrews Ms S J Brady Mr R A Brooks Mr G C R Budden Dr H W Clark Dr A R Duncan Professor T G Q Eisen Mr L J Hunter Dr J R B Leventhorpe Mr G C Maddock Mr A D H Marshall Mr I Paine Mr J R Pollock Dato’ R R Sethu Dr R A Shahani Mr M L Vincent Professor C Wildberg 1985 Mr N M Baker Mr G K Beggerow Dr I M Bell Mr P R Clark Mr A H Davison Dr E M Dennison Mr J M Elstein Mrs E F Ford Mr J D Harry Professor J B Hartle Mr P G J S Helson Dr K M Hock Dr C H Jessop Mr C L P Kennedy Mr A J Landes Mr W P L Lawes Mrs N M Lloyd Dr J J N Nabarro Revd Nicholas Papadopulos Mr K D Parikh Mr T M S Rowan Professor I D W Samuel Dr J M Sargaison Miss J A Scrine Mrs L K Sharpe Mrs C P Simm Dr P M Slade Mr W D L M Vereker Mrs J S Wilcox Mrs A K Wilson Mr R C Wilson Dr E F Worthington 1986 Dr K Brown Dr J A Davies Mr A N Graham Dr K Green Dr C J Holmes Miss M P Horan Professor J M Huntley Mr N J Iles Mr D P Jellinek Mr B D Konopka Professor J C Laidlaw Miss L M Miller Dr D L L Parry Dr A A Pinto Mr T S Sanderson Mr J P Saunders Professor A J Schofield Dr K Sehat Mr J W Stuart Ms A J Tomlinson Mr C J Watson Dr J Whaley 1987 Mr J J M Bailey Mr J P Barabino Mr J J Battersby Mr O R M Bolitho Mr N R Chippington
Mr A J Coveney Mrs J L Dendle-Jones Ms S L DeVine Dr A J Forrester Dr G M Grant Ms C M Harper Dr S C Hsu Mr P Kumar Mr C A Levy Mr A W Lockhart Dr R Mengham Dr R A Perry Mr S L Rea Mr L A Unwin
Mr T Moody-Stuart Mr S T Oestmann Dr J M Parberry Dr K P Sainsbury Mr P C Sheppard Mr L Shorter Dr J Sinha Mr G E L Spanier Mr H K Suniara Mr D S Turnbull Dr J C Wadsley Dr G D Wills Ms R M Winden Mr R C Young
1988 Dr P Agarwal Professor N R Asherie Mr R S P Banerji Dr I M Billington Mr M Bisping Dr T P Bligh Mr H A Briggs Mr J C Brown Mrs C Chancellor Mrs M E Chapple Vicomte R H P G de Rosière Dr G B Doxey Mr A J Emuss Mr L D Hicks Dr A D Hossack Captain J S Irish Dr A P S Kirkham Dr A-L Livermore Dr I H Magedera Dr M C Mirow Dr A N R Nedderman Dr D Niedree Mr S J Parker Mr A P Parsisson Mr M B Pritchett Dr C I J Sanders Mr D Schwartmann Ms N M Smith Mr T H Snelling Revd J S Sudharman Dr R M Tarzi Mr M E H Tipping Mrs H M Truman Mr A G Veitch Mr A E Wellenreiter Dr F J L Wvytack
1991 Dr R D Baird Mr D D Chandra Mrs B Choi Dr P A Dalby Dr C S J Fang Dr S C Francis Dr I R F Grainge Dr A J Hodge Mr W G Irving Dr J P Kaiser Mr J R Kaye Mrs V K Leamon Miss C R Saunders Dr S M Shah Dr M D Tarzi Dr E J Topham Mrs H-M A G C Vesey Miss J H Ward
1989 Dr G M W Adams Mr A M Barnes-Webb Dr R P Blakesley Mrs A S Brotherton Professor M J Brown Dr J T Chalcraft Dr E A Cross Mr J R F de Bass Dr S Francis Mr P E Gilman Mr G R Glaves Mr S M Gurney Mr N C Jacklin Mr G W Jones Mr J P Kennedy Mr P J Kerr Mr J R Kirkwood Mrs L C Logan Mr B J McGrath Ms J H Myers Mr N J C Robinson Mrs C Romans Mr J C Roux Mr S C Ruparell Mr A M P Russell Dr L Stranks Mr A S Uppal Mrs T E Warren Mr N D J Wilson 1990 Dr C E H Aiken Ms L M Beeson Dr L C Chappell Ms Z M Clark Mrs J F Clement Mr I J Clubb Mr A A Dillon Mr N W Edmonds Mrs V N M Fung Mr R J E Hall Dr C C Hayhurst Mr I D Henderson Dr A D Henderson Mr M B Job Dr S H O F Korbei Professor N G Lew Mr G C Li Ms A Y C Lim Mr J S Marozzi
1992 Professor A S Alexandrov Mr D Auterson Mr P N R Bravery Ms J M Carpenter Dr A A G Driskill-Smith Dr R S Dunne Dr H M Johnson Professor C Kress Mr W Li Mr J Lui Mr R L Nicholls Dr F H Perry Dr A J Power Mr H E Serjeantson Mrs R C Stevens Dr S R J Taylor Major D M Thomas Dr D I Thomson Mrs K Wiese 1993 Mr J D H Arnold Dr A C G Breeze Mr P M Ceely Dr E A Congdon Mr P A Edwards Ms G J Hallam Mr C E G Hogbin Mr E J How Dr A Kalhoro Dr G A J Kelly Mr T P Moss Mr R B K Phillips Dr J F Reynolds Mrs L Robson Brown Dr C I Rotherham Mr C A Royle Mr L N Taliotis Miss S T Willcox Mrs A J Worden Ms R P Wrangham 1994 Professor G I Barenblatt Ms I-M Bendixson Professor D M Bethea Dr L Christopoulou Dr T C Fardon Mr S S Gill Mr R S Greenwood Mr R J M Haynes, Jr Dr S F W Kendrick Mr E O Nagel Dr S G A Pitel Mr P D Reel Mr P H Rutkowski Dr P Sharma Dr G M Shoib Professor M A Stein Dr K-S Tan Mr K S Tang
Mr M A Wood Dr H L W Yau 1995 Dr K J af Forselles Mr C Aitken Mr C Chew Dr J F L Cobbold Dr A C Cooke Dr P A Cunningham Dr S L Dyson Dr J S Feuerstein Mrs J A S Ford Dr M R Gökmen Professor J Harrington Mr A J G Harrop Dr A E Jenkins Revd Dr Jack McDonald Dr M A Miller Dr D N Miller Dr T J Nancoo Mr S M Pilgrim Cllr H C S Pipe Dr T C Porter Miss M-J Rhee Ms J K Rose Ms T J Sheridan Mr M J Soper Mr S J Taylor Miss C J Thorpe 1996 Miss C E Callaghan Ms S E Craig Mr J R F Dalton Mrs J H J Gilbert Mr J D Goldsmith Miss E E Goodacre Mr I R Herd Miss K J Hoyle Mr P MacBain Ms J L Nixon Dr I D Plumb Mr P S Rhodes Mr D Scannell Mr D C Shaw Mr C M Stafford Mr P M Steen Mr D J Tait Ms E-L Toh Dr L H A Watkins Mr C G Wright Mr K F Wyre 1997 Dr U Adam Mr A J Bower Mr R Chee-A-Tow Mrs C Chu Dr M P Clarkson Mrs R V Clubb Mrs J R Earl Dr E J Fardon Dr J P Grainger Dr D M Guttmann Professor C E Holt Dr K G Johnson Mr G P Lyons Dr J B Morris Professor N Mrosovsky Dr S Nestler Miss R N Page Mr H D Pim Dr K S Tang Mr T J Uglow Mr E Zambon 1998 Mr I K Ali Ms H M Barnard Mr I D Cox Mr L Dearden Mr J A Etherington Mrs K M Grimshaw Mr H M Heuzenroeder Mr J R Marshall Dr R I R Martin Mr M H Matthewson Miss O M Mihangel Dr N A Moreham Mr H R F Nimmo-Smith Mr J C P Roos Professor R P L Scazzieri Dr T Shetty Ms S C Thomas Mr D J Wise Mr D J F Yates
1999 Mr R F T Beentje Mr D T Bell Mr P Berg Dr C L Broughton Mr J A Brown Mr J A Cliffe Miss A S Greenwood Dr L Jin Mr M W Laycock Mr J W Moller Mr R H Owen Mr M A Pinna Mr A M Ribbans Miss J E Staphnill Dr P D Wright 2000 Mr D D Parry Mr J A P Thimont 2001 Miss R L Avery Miss A F Butler Mr A C McK Butterworth Mr J J Cassidy Miss L C Chapman Miss J L Cremer Mr T J Gardiner Miss E R Harries Dr P A Lyon Mr C P Wood 2002 - 2006 Mrs R C E Cavonius Mrs J A Collins Mr A L Eardley Mr J-M Edmundson Mr J K Halliday Mr T S Hewitt Jones Mr T A Hodgson Sir Christopher Hum Mr J McB Hunter Miss E R James Miss M F Komori Mr M J Le Moignan Ms Z Owen Ms L A Shafer Miss J C Wood Friends & Parents Mr & Mrs D J Abbott Mrs M P J Ackroyd * Professor J V Acrivos Dr & Mrs M B Al-Gailani Dr P S & Dr R Allan Professor E J Archer Mr & Mrs A W Archer Mr J G Armstrong Dr & Mrs R E Ashton Mr & Mrs W J Babtie Mr & Mrs E R Barker Mr & Mrs I B Barr Mr & Mrs M J G Bates Mr & Mrs R E Bayliss Dr A G Bearn Mrs R Beatty Dr & Mrs H J Beck Mr & Dr C R Berry Mr & Mrs A R Best Mr R L Biava Mr & Mrs L P Bielby Mr & Dr P J Billings Mrs S Blake Mr G N Block & Miss P M Beaumont Mr M Bogaardt & Ms P M F Njissen Mr & Mrs W R Bone Mr & Mrs C C W Bracey Dr A Bratkovsky Mr M Brenner Mr & Mrs M H Brent Professor & Mrs T M Brown Mr & Mrs G Brown Mr & Mrs R C Brown Mr R L Buckner Mr D R & Dr S L BunnLivingstone Mr P J & Cllr A J Burrell Mr & Mrs J W Butler Mr & Mrs R J M Butler Mr & Mrs M C Butterworth Mr & Mrs G B Campbell Mr & Mrs L F Campbell Mr C Carroll Mr & Mrs A A Carruth
Mr & Mrs A J Catton Mr & Mrs N F Champion Mr & Mrs G S Chan Dr & Mrs S Chandrasekharan Mr & Mrs C P Chapman Mr & Mrs I C Cheetham Mrs R A Chegwin Dr & Mrs W C W Cheng Mr & Mrs D N Chesterfield Dr & Mrs J J Cheung Mr & Mrs M R Collins Mr & Mrs R Cope Mr & Mrs J M Cox Mrs A F Crampin Mrs O Crick * Mr & Mrs T W B Cullen Mr & Mrs P R Culliney Mr R R T Cummings Mr & Mrs I J Curington Dr & Mrs P G Darragh Mr & Mrs I B Davidson Mr & Mrs G J Davie Mr & Mrs F J Davis Mr & Mrs A R W Dawe Mr & Mrs J R de Fonblanque Mrs J de Groot Mrs J H de Marigny-Lagesse Dr & Mrs H P B T De Silva Revd & Mrs D G Deeks Mrs M Demetriou Mr & Mrs J P Doddington Mr & Mrs R H C Doery Mr & Mrs A Dracos Mr & Mrs R A Eardley Mr & Mrs C N Edelman Mr & Mrs D J Edmundson Mr & Mrs A Elahi Mr & Mrs A Espin Mr & Mrs P Evans Mr & Mrs J Fanshawe Mr & Mrs M J C Faulkner Mr & Mrs P V Fellows Mr & Mrs S Ferdi Mrs M Field Mr & Mrs A J Finlayson Dr & Mrs E Fishwick Mr & Mrs F Fletcher Mr & Mrs H D Fletcher Mr & Mrs P E Fletcher Mr & Mrs C D Floyd Hon Judge & Mrs N Forwood Mr & Mrs M G Foster Mr J Frieda Professor & Mrs M Ghadiri Dr M C Gibberd Mr & Mrs M J Gilfedder Mr H & Mrs H Golding Mr & Mrs J P Golunski Ms P Gooch Robertson Professor J B Goodenough Mr & Mrs J Gosling Dr P W Gower & Dr I Lewington Revd & Mrs W S Graham Miss J Grierson Mr & Mrs I T Griffiths Mr & Mrs A Hadjipanayis Mr & Mrs J S Halliday Ms E Hamilton Mr & Mrs M J Hamilton Mr B Sheng & Professor X Han Mrs V Harrison Mr & Mrs P G Harrison Mr & Mrs R Hashimoto Mr & Mrs S J Hayden Mr & Mrs M Heales Mr & Mrs I A Henderson Mr & Mrs T Hewitt Jones Dame Rosalyn Higgins Mr J H Hill Dr J S & Dr J J Hilliard Mr & Mrs A Hitchins Dr F & Dr J A C Holloway Mr & Mrs V J Holt Mr & Mrs H S Hoo Mr & Mrs N A Horley Mr & Mrs A J Howe Mrs P M Hudson Mrs J A B Hulm Dr and Mrs Jean André Sylvain Marie Huys Mr & Mrs R Impey Mr P G & Dr J E Jennings Mr & Mrs R S Johnson Mr & Mrs V Joshi
Mr & Mrs P Karstadt Mr P Kelley Mr & Mrs J C Kilburn-Toppin Mr & Mrs J S Kinghorn Mr & Mrs S A Kingsley Mrs M Kirkham Mr R A Kitch Dr & Mrs M P Knight Mr & Mrs S C-S Ko Mrs F A MacE Komori Mr & Mrs S K Koo Mr N J & Dr C M Kroll Mr & Mrs D W Land Mr & Mrs J P Langford Mr & Mrs N A Langley Mr & Mrs P Lano Mr & Mrs P D Law Mr & Mrs P A Le Versha Mr & Mrs M E Lee Mr & Mrs H Lennard Mr & Mrs A W Leslie Mr & Mrs J M Lester Miss P Lewis Dr & Mrs J M Lewis Mr B H Lim & Mrs S K Teoh Mr & Mrs M J Lloyd Mrs J D Lockett Mr & Mrs J D Lynchehaun Mr & Mrs N R W MacDonald Dr & Mrs H Malem Mr & Mrs G D Marsh Mr & Mrs M A Mason Mr & Mrs S Matsis Mr & Mrs P J McDonald His Honour Judge & Mrs D K McFarland Mr & Mrs C J M McGovern Mr K V McKay Dr C K McKnight & Dr J E McKnight Mr A Melchior Mr & Mrs J Miall Mr & Mrs P S Midgley Mr & Mrs J E Mills Mr & Mrs A Minichiello Mr & Mrs D J Moseley Mr & Mrs G A Moss Dr & Mrs S Motha Mr & Mrs M Moynihan Mr & Mrs R E Mrowicki Mr M & Mrs L J Munro Mr & Mrs J Murphy Dr & Mrs J D Murphy Professor G D & Dr L S Murray Dr & Mrs K R Myerson Professor P E Nelson Mr & Mrs R Nicholls Mr & Mrs R W Northcott Mr D F O’Donoghue Dr & Mrs J P O’Driscoll Mrs C M Omand Mr & Mrs B E Padley Mr & Mrs S G Panter Mr & Mrs D A Parry Mr & Mrs K G Patel Mr A D & Dr E Penman Mr & Mrs F A Penson Mrs F C Phillipson Mrs R A Pickering Dr & Mrs P Pilavakis Mr W F Poon & Ms W L Chan Mr & Mrs V D Popat Professor & Mrs W S Powell Mr & Mrs M S Prevezer Dr A Prochaska Mr & Mrs B D Queen Mr E Quintana Dr G J G & Dr C A Rees Mr & Mrs G D Ribbans Mr & Mrs M D Rice Mr & Mrs J C Richardson Dr & Mrs J Richardson Mr & Mrs M Richardt Mr & Ms J R Ridgman Mrs J C Roberts Mr & Mrs I R Ross Dr S & Mrs S McC Russell Mr & Mrs P Rutherford Dr Y M Saleem Mr & Mrs M D Saunders Dr & Mrs P K Sayal Wing Commander & Mrs G T Scard Dr & Mrs W G H Schartau Mr & Mrs K R Schneider
We also wish to thank those donors who prefer to remain anonymous
A gift to Caius counts towards the Cambridge 800th Anniversary Campaign.
Dr & Mrs A J Schurr Dr & Mrs L R Scott Mr & Mrs T J Scrase Mr A P Seabroke Mr & Mrs R S D Sharp Mr & Mrs S J Sharratt Dr & Mrs J V Shepherd Mr & Mrs T J M Shipton Dr B K & Dr R Singh Dr D S & Dr S Sinha Mr J A Kerr & Mrs C Smeaton Mrs B Smith Mr & Mrs A R Smith Professor R J Sokol Mr & Mrs M J Sprague Mr & Mrs N F St Aubyn Dr & Mrs P S Stantchev Mr L E Stokes & Dr Z Stokes Mr W Summerbell & Ms M J Dresser Mr & Mrs M A Supperstone Mr S & Professor J E SvastiSalee Mr & Mrs N S Swan Mr & Mrs R J Sweeney Dr & Mrs B Tan Mr & Mrs D C Y Tan Dr & Mrs P F Thanisch Mrs E T Thimont Dr R H M & Dr A M Thomas Mr & Mrs J E Thompson Mr & Mrs K H Tickell Mr & Mrs G L Todd Mr W G Topham Mr B N P Garvey & Ms A C Topping Mr & Mrs G Tosic Dr S J Treanor Mrs G M M Treanor Mr & Mrs P Treanor Mr & Mrs J P Tunnicliffe Mr P W Vann Dr G Venkat-Raman & Mrs K Raman Mr & Mrs R von Eisenhart Rothe Dr S von Molnár Dr & Mrs J D Walker Mrs A J Walker Mr & Mrs M J Walsh Mr & Mrs P R Walton Dr & Mrs P Ward Mr & Mrs M T Ward Dr & Mrs Warner Mr & Mrs R H Warrington Mr & Mrs I G Whyte Mrs J Wight Mr & Mrs R E Willis Mrs A S Willman Mr & Mrs W R Wilson Ms C S Windheuser Dato’ S J Wong Dr A R & Dr H A Wordley Mr & Mrs R J C Wright Mr & Mrs J A Z Wright Mrs M Yanagishima Ms E S G Yates Mr T F B Young Mrs H E M Young Professor & Mrs I S Young Dr W Yu & Ms B Chen Mr & Mrs E K J Zeh Professor & Mrs H Zimmerman Mr S M Zinser Corporate Donors Allen & Overy LLP Altria Group, Inc. American International Group, Inc Bidwells Property Consultants Caius Club Cambridge Summer Recitals Cambridge Wine Merchants Deloitte Livanos Charitable Trust Linklaters MBNA International Bank Merck & Co. Michael Miliffe Memorial Scholarship Fund Microsoft Mondrian Investment Partners Stour Valley Antiquarian Society Tancred’s Charities UBS Wessex Fine Art Study Courses Wolfson Foundation
24 Once a Caian...
by Mick Le Moignan (2004)
Fortunately for Caius, there is an increasing number of benefactors who have given over £50,000. For them, the College’s most celebrated living Fellow, Professor Stephen Hawking (1965) gives a private lecture about his work and his time at Caius, followed by a splendid candle-lit dinner in the Panelled Combination Room. The first meeting of the Stephen Hawking Circle was held on Friday 15 February 2008 and was a resounding success. A champagne reception, at which each guest or couple was photographed with Professor Hawking, was followed by his lecture in the White Room: “My life: Caius and Physics”. In his familiar electronic voice, Professor Hawking explained that being awarded a Fellowship at Caius had been a turning point in his life. Despite the recent onset of Motor Neurone Disease, it had enabled him to marry his fiancée, Jane, and continue his work in cosmology. He felt he had been fortunate in his choice of field and in his timing. Unlike many of his contemporaries in Mathematics, he had avoided the study of particle physics and within a few years, in collaboration with Roger Penrose, had solved most of the outstanding problems in General Relativity and then moved on to Quantum Theory. He described a “Eureka moment” concerning his study of black holes, which
The guests attended a Champagne Reception in the Colyton Hall followed by Professor Hawking’s lecture, “My Life: Caius and Physics” in the White Room, before enjoying a splendid candlelit dinner in the Panelled Combination Room. Main group (l to r) Standing: Peter Kerr-Dineen (1972), James Arnold (1993), David Malcolm (1950), Dr Philip Marriott (1965), John Kelly (1958), Sir Christopher Hum (2005), Peter Walker (1960), Lillie Cavonius, Alexandra Ackroyd, Christopher Ackroyd (1961), John Haines (1949), Jonathan Horsfall-Turner (1964), Sir Keith Stuart (1958), Bill Packer (1949), Dr Anne Lyon (2001), Charles Steel (1993), Mick Le Moignan (2004), Professor Wei-Yao Liang (1963). Sitting: Susan Dodd, Janet Malcolm, Valerie Marriott, Hazel Kelly, Professor Stephen Hawking (1965), Lady Stuart, Yvonne Horsfall-Turner, Rita Cavonius, Annie Haines, Wuliang Walker. .
Stephen Hawking Circle
n the past few years, the financial basis on which the College operates has undergone a radical transformation. The almost complete dependence on Government support which applied for the last half of the twentieth century has been swept away. Now, roughly half of the £9million annual budget comes from income and the other half from interest on the Endowment. The generosity of those who care about Caius is vitally important. Donations, whether directed to the Annual Fund for immediate use or to the Endowment to help to secure the future, are equivalent to more than a quarter of annual expenditure. Since this change in financing began, the College has tried to express its gratitude to all of its supporters, many of whom did not study here themselves, but are parents of students or friends of the College. Of the benefactors who have made a gift to Caius during the previous year, as many as we can accommodate are invited to the May Week Party, which includes a buffet luncheon, musical recital and tea. In addition, those pledging lifetime gifts totalling over £20,000 are invited every year, with a partner, to the magnificent Service and Feast for the Commemoration of Benefactors in November.
...Always a Caian 25
took place when he was getting into bed, a few days after the birth of his daughter, Lucy, in 1970. He had been developing a theory of causal structure for singularity theorems and suddenly realised that the same theory could be applied to black holes. For the layman, it is hard to follow the thought processes that would enable anyone to calculate the origins, shape and future of the universe, but Professor Hawking’s zest for his subject is infectious. As in his bestseller, A Brief History of Time, there is a strong element of the detective story in the way he describes the progress of his research. He brings a very human touch to these abstruse matters and he is wise enough to pepper his more complex observations with a dry wit that is very appealing. He concluded: “It has been a glorious time to be alive, and doing research in theoretical physics. Our picture of the universe has changed a
great deal in the last 40 years and I’m happy if I have made a small contribution. I want to share my excitement and enthusiasm. There’s nothing like the Eureka moment of discovering something that no one knew before. I won’t compare it to sex, but it lasts longer!” After the lecture, the audience moved next door to the Panelled Combination Room for a magnificent dinner, with wines to match, including a 1990 Chateau Latour and a 1945 Croft Port for dessert. Many of those attending were visibly moved by the opportunity to spend a private evening with a man who has achieved such a spectacular intellectual triumph over such appalling adversity. At the end of the evening, Professor Hawking presented all of the guests with a special illustrated edition of A Brief History of Time carrying his own personal thumb-printed “signature”. It was the perfect memento for an unforgettable evening.
...Always a Caian 27
Emma Bella Flitcroft, after whom the two new Caius punts have been named.
New Caius Punts
The official programmes from the Lent and May Bumps do not always contain as much information as our College Archivist would like. This is a fairly typical example, from the May Bumps of 1988:
Despite the dreams of many generations of Masters and Bursars, Caius still has no river frontage along the Backs. Even more seriously, for the past few years, we have also been a College without punts! The two deficiencies may not be unconnected: the last Caius punts were moored at Garret Hostel Lane, where they were, with the benefit of hindsight, perhaps too accessible. Sad to relate, they disappeared. To the rescue came Alan Flitcroft (1979) a Partner with Ernst & Young and the Head of their Media and Entertainment Group. At an Annual Gathering, when told about the missing punts by Ellie James (2002), then of the Development Office, he generously offered to replace them. Moreover, he both remembered and repeated his offer next morning, subsequently commissioning two brand-new, magnificent, mahogany punts, one of normal size (6-seater) and one “chauffeur size” (9-seater) with comfortable cushions in Caius colours. Our friends at St John’s College have
Caius 3rd Rugby VIII Bow Mr Sleepy 2 Mr Tall 3 Mr Noisy 4 Mr Strong 5 Mr Greedy
6 7 Stroke Cox Coach
Mr Tickle Mr Strange Mr Happy Mr Small Mrs Polygamy
If the Mystery Men of the Rugby Boat would care to make themselves known, their real names will be added to the record for posterity. In fact, the names of many Boat Club members who have represented Caius in the Bumps over the years are still unknown, especially before the late 1980s: if you have Bumps programmes from those years and would be willing to give or lend them to the College, please call Sarah Preston on +44 (0) 1223 339676. She would love to hear from Mr Tickle or even Mr Noisy!
kindly agreed to provide secure moorings in their Cripps Pool, in return for space in Caius Meadow for their supporters to watch the rowing races on the last day of the May Bumps. The punts are available from mid-April to mid-October for 2-hour sessions (9-11am, 12-2pm, 3-5pm and 6-8 or 9pm in high summer). They can be reserved at the Porters’ Lodge by ALL members of the Caius community, students, Fellows, staff and nonresident Caians. A donation towards the fairly considerable costs of official registration and maintenance is requested, at the modest rate of £5 per two-hour session for the standardsized punt and £10 for the larger one. Proper boats need proper names and Alan has been persuaded to name them after his young daughter, Emma Louise Isabella Flitcroft, so Caius 1 is to be known as Emma and Caius 2 as Bella. Now we are hoping for a drier summer than the last one, so that our splendid new punts can be enjoyed by large numbers of Caians and friends!
Mick Le Moignan
The Bauer Memorial Bench
To date, Once a Caian... has resisted the temptation to provide our readers with astrological forecasts based on their birthdates and the apparent “movements” of the constellations as seen from Earth, but we may consider doing so in the light of a gap that has recently appeared in the market. The Times recently reported that the journal The Astrologer, published monthly since 1931, has ceased publication with its December 2007 issue, “due to unforeseen circumstances”.
Shortly before Christmas, a message circulated among Fellows and staff, to the effect that Christine Newton, our Kitchen Office Administrative Assistant for 18 years, was embarking on a swimming marathon in aid of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Over a period of 20 days, Christine succeeded in swimming 26 miles. It was not always a pleasure, she admits, finishing work on cold evenings, only to plunge into even colder water, but she is delighted to have raised a total of £1,335 towards this very worthwhile cause.
Christine Newton of the Kitchen Office. Left: Professor Sir Alan Fersht (1962) and Robert Dover (2006), the current Captain of Chess, with the Inter-Collegiate Chess Trophy. Happily, the Caius Chess team won Cuppers yet again last year.
A Portrait of Gonville & Caius College
The Disappearing Chess Trophy Professor Sir Alan Fersht (1962) writes ... I was Secretary of the Caius Chess Club in 1963-4 and Match Captain in 1964-5. In the same years, respectively, I was Secretary and President of the Cambridge University Chess Club. In November 2004, a Jaques chessboard came up for auction in Newmarket, which was the trophy for the Cambridge University Intercollegiate (Cuppers) Chess Championship. Small shields all around it gave names of players in the winning teams. I heard about the auction too late to cancel a medical appointment, and rushed to Newmarket, where the Professor of Theoretical Chemistry was instructed to bid on my behalf. The actual lot was being bid on as I entered the saleroom, and I took over but was finally outbid by a dealer. After the auction, I saw the first winners were Gonville and Caius in 1890-1, and the last shield was also for Gonville and Caius in 1960-61. I told the winning bidder about the board and he said he would probably donate it to the University. The auctioneer subsequently told me it had been found on a rubbish tip. It had clearly been lost or stolen in about 1962. So I kept my eyes open for the board for the next 4 years, determined to get it back for Caius, whatever the cost. It resurfaced for sale at Bonhams in January. I tried to find out
what had happened to the board after 1961, but with no success. The Secretary and President of the University Club from 1961-63 could remember nothing about the board, and neither could I for the next period of two years. Of the 5 members of the winning Caius team in 1960-1, two had died and the two I contacted didn’t know the trophy existed, despite their names being on it. Within months of its last being awarded, the board had faded from memory. I persuaded Bonhams to negotiate with the vendor for a private sale before the auction. Bonhams were extremely helpful, waiving most of their fees, and the vendor withdrew the board from sale. There are some great old names engraved on the winners’ shields, including famous old British Chess Champions and Masters, such as HE Atkins, ARB Thomas, B Goulding Brown, PS Milner-Barry and CHO’D Alexander. The illustrious physicist Paul Dirac is there, as are Michael Atiyah (former President of the Royal Society and Master of Trinity College) and LS Penrose (the brother of Roland Penrose, father of many times British champion Jonathan Penrose as well as Sir Roger Penrose, and formerly Galtonian Professor at UCL – what a family!), as well as HPF Swinnerton Dyer. The names will repay future study.
Many readers have already pre-ordered copies of the magnificent book about Caius to be published by Third Millennium International Ltd in September 2008. It will contain over 200 wonderful photographs of all aspects of College life, the work of our Pulitzer Prize-winning Photographer in Residence, Dan White, together with the story of Gonville & Caius from 1348 to 2008, written by our distinguished College historian, Professor Christopher Brooke (1945). The College has commissioned the book, not as a profit-making venture, but in order to make Dan White’s extraordinary gallery of photographs available to all Caians and friends of the College at an affordable price that is very close to the cost of production. The names of all subscribers who order a copy before July 2008 will be printed in the book in recognition of their support for this project. The advance purchase price of £34.50 + p&p represents a saving of £10.50 on the full publication price. Orders should be placed directly with Third Millennium Ltd, either on the enclosed form or by visiting their website: www.tmiltd.com Dan White
Sally Yates with the Master on the new Bauer Memorial Bench.
Lord (Peter) Bauer (1934), the distinguished economist who was a Fellow of Caius for many years, left £100,000 as an expendable fund to provide student bursaries to commemorate the names of two friends and colleagues, Richard Goode (1934), an RAF pilot who was killed in action at the age of 26, and RA Fisher (1909). Now, Lord Bauer is commemorated in his turn, by his executor, Sally Yates, who has commissioned a magnificent, circular, oak bench, custom-built to surround the base of the tall copper beech tree at the NE corner of the Stephen Hawking Building. At a tranquil, shady spot, overlooking the gardens of Harvey Court, the bench will soon become a firm favourite with students and visitors. It is a beautifully elegant and practical memorial to an outstanding scholar who loved Caius and was always immensely grateful for the welcome he received when he first arrived in 1934 as a Hungarian refugee from Nazi-dominated Europe.
A Marathon Swim
Calling Mr Happy!
26 Once a Caian...
28 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 29
John Lehman, the indefatigable President of the Caius Foundation, was not about to rest on his laurels, however, instead exhorting every one of the partygoers to join him in supporting the College by donating (taxeffectively) to the Foundation, according to their means.
he Directors of the Caius Foundation have decided to raise the level at which USbased benefactors are invited to become Patrons of the Caius Foundation. Since 2002, this honour has been conferred in recognition of gifts and pledges (over a lifetime) totalling at least US$15,000. With effect from 1 July 2008, this recognition level will be increased to US$30,000. All those who pledge before that date to raise the total of their lifetime gifts to US$15,000 will become Patrons at once. On the time-honoured principle, “Once a Patron, Always a Patron”, they and all other Patrons will, of course, retain their title and privileges. Any USbased Caians who would like to become Patrons of the Caius Foundation before July 2008 are invited to contact the Caius Development Office on +44 1223 339676 (voice) +44 1223 766702 (fax) or email firstname.lastname@example.org for further information. Gifts or pledges should be made payable to the Caius Foundation and sent to the Treasurer, James Hill, at the following address: Mr James Hill Treasurer, The Caius Foundation Mondrian Investment Partners (US) Inc. Two Commerce Square 2001 Market Street – Suite 3810 Philadelphia PA 19103-7049 USA James Hill is the new Treasurer of the Caius Foundation. James is a financier and a loyal supporter of the College who attended a summer course at Caius in 1969. Dr Alessandra Polara (2002), the Hon Dr John Lehman (1965), the Master, Dr Lisa Maier (2001) and Elmar Nagel (1994) at the Caius New York Reception.
ome of the most brilliant Caians of all have come to our College from Australasia. Perhaps the most celebrated was the Australian, Sir Howard Florey (1924) who shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for Medicine with Fleming and Chain for discovering the uses of penicillin, but there have been many others. The first few Douglas Myers Scholars, from New Zealand, who come up each year as undergraduates, have set a formidable standard of Firsts and sporting achievements for their successors to emulate. Australians still tend to come to Caius later in their academic careers, to study for Master’s degrees or doctorates, and they, too, are high achievers. Thanks to charitable tax concessions, Americans and Canadians can receive tax benefits in respect of their support for the College, just as UK taxpayers do, but there has, until now, been no way for Australian Caians to support the College tax-effectively. Now, with the help and cooperation of Dr Anil Seal, Director of the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust (CCT) and Professor Allan Barton, past Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Treasurer of the Australian National University (ANU) and Treasurer of the Cambridge Australia Trust (CAT), the College is pleased to announce the establishment of THE CAIUS AUSTRALIAN SCHOLARSHIP FUND. Any Australian taxpayers who make gifts to this Fund, which will be held on trust by the ANU, will be able to claim their contributions against their income tax. All contributions will be transferred via the CAT to the ANU, where the funds will be invested as part of the University’s endowment. The income generated will be used to support outstanding Australian students coming to Caius. In the first instance, the Scholarships
Mick Le Moignan
Caian guests at the New York Reception included: Professor Adrian Flatt (1939) Alan Nicol (1949) David Heap (1954) Ajit Hutheesing (1954) Professor Peter Walker (1960) Dr Joseph Gertner (1961) Andrew Orton (1965) Martin Fisher (1966) Charlie Corcoran III (1967) Cliff Losh (1973) Dr Jim Wirth (1973) Simon Bax (1977) Timothy Allen (1981) Emily Mandelstam (1982) Dr Marius Maxwell (1982) Eva Strasburger (1982) Richard Talbert (1985) Dr Fran Perry (1992) Dr Yun Lee Too (1992) Dr Simon Dyton (1994) Claire Grainger (1994) Elmar Nagel (1994) Dr Teena Shetty (1998) Quentin Huys (1999) Dr Ruth Johnson (1999) Dr Helen Nickerson (1999) Dr Daniel Wolf (1999) Dr Lisa Maier (2001) Dr Alessandra Polara (2002) James Hill
An Important Announcement from the Caius Foundation
Moignan Mick Le
s each year goes by, the College has even more reason to celebrate its relationship with our overseas friends and members, who become both more numerous and more generous in their support for this remarkable educational institution. This year, the main event in the annual visit by the Master and the Director of Development to North America was a hugely enjoyable party, hosted by the Hon Dr John Lehman (1965) and his wife, Barbara, in their magnificent New York apartment. The ages of the Caian guests ranged from 86 to 26 and young and old found they had much in common and many stories to share. American Caians are proud of having supported the College generously (through the Caius Foundation) for many years: although UK Caians are catching up fast, there is still a higher participation among our US-based members than in any other country. In 2006-7, the Caius Foundation, a taxexempt educational and charitable organisation under section 501(c)(3) of the US Internal Revenue Code, which is licensed to receive donations tax-effectively, celebrated a notable achievement: the College Council elected no fewer than four of the Caius Foundation’s contributors to be Founders of the College’s Court of Benefactors, in recognition of lifetime gifts to the Foundation totalling at least US$200,000 each. David Heap (1954), Peter Walker (1960), John Lehman (1965) and John Barabino (1987) have all paid an eloquent tribute to the central significance of Caius in their lives and careers.
Caius Australian Scholarship Fund
will be awarded to candidates reading for a PhD. It is hoped that eventually funds will be sufficient to widen the scheme to include Australian candidates for Masters’ degrees. (Many Australian lawyers come to take LLM degrees.) The first scholarship will be awarded once the Fund has reached Aust$350,000 (about £159,000 at £1 = Aust$2.20). The sum awarded will be in the region of $25,000pa, sufficient to cover living and travel expenses. Assistance with College and University fees will be sought from other funding bodies.
Naturally, the College hopes this Scholarship will attract Australian applicants of the very highest calibre. The Caius Australian Scholarship will be awarded by the Academic Committee of the CAT when they meet to award other scholarships. The final decision on the admission of the Caius Australian Scholar will be taken by the College in the normal way. The Fund will be administered in Australia by a committee of Caians, in cooperation with the CAT and the ANU. The capital will be held as part of the ANU’s Endowment. Professor Henry Bennett (1950) has kindly agreed to be the Chairman of the Fund and Henry Heuzenroeder (1998), the South Australian State Chair of CAT, will be the Treasurer, with other appointments to be announced. Professor Bennett has already generously endowed the R A Fisher Science Research Scholarship for Australian PhD students at Cambridge, to commemorate his friend and colleague, the distinguished statistician and biologist, Sir Ronald Fisher (1909) who was President of Caius from 1956 to 1959 and spent his last years at the University of Adelaide. The Master, Sir Christopher Hum (2005) said “We are delighted that, for the first time, this new arrangement will allow the many loyal Caians and friends of the College who live in Australia to receive a tax benefit in respect of their gifts to a Scholarship Fund to support Australian students at Caius. Our aim is for outstanding students to be able to come to this College irrespective of their financial means. The proposed Scholarships will help to achieve that aim and will enhance the already strong links between the College and Australia.” Donations to the CAIUS AUSTRALIAN SCHOLARSHIP FUND should be made payable to the Australian National University and sent to the following address: Henry Heuzenroeder Treasurer, The Caius Australian Scholarship Fund Torrens Chambers 78 Angas Street ADELAIDE SA 5000 AUSTRALIA Every donation should be accompanied by a written request from the donor that the ANU should use the gift for THE CAIUS AUSTRALIAN SCHOLARSHIP to be awarded under the auspices of the Cambridge Australia Trust.
30 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 31 Mick Le Moignan
Hibbert Binney (1939) was amazed to discover historically important letters in a shoe box in his attic, written by the celebrated convict settler, Mary Reibey, who is commemorated on the current Australian $20 note. Mary has often been confused with Margaret Catchpole, eponymous heroine of the Victorian bestselling biography by Richard Cobbold (1814).
A Case of Mistaken Identity I
by Hibbert Binney (1939)
was most interested to read the article in Issue 6 of Once a Caian..., about the Cobbold family, and particularly about Margaret Catchpole, because a distant connection of mine, Mary Reibey, was transported to Australia for stealing a horse in remarkably similar circumstances. Having come across a reference to Margaret in the biography of Mary Reibey written by Nancy Irvine, I thought I would carry out a little elementary research of my own as to who Margaret was. Apparently, born in March 1762, and enduring the events highlighted in your article, she was ultimately transported to Sydney aboard the ‘Nile’, arriving in December 1801. She was employed for some time as a cook with the commissary and subsequently on various duties in the households of several well-known families, achieving considerable respect for her work. She ended up running a small store in Richmond (founded in 1810 on the Hawkesbury River about 60 miles NNW of Sydney and near Windsor, one of the earlier settlements, also on the river) acting as a nurse and midwife. She died from influenza in May 1819. Although, judging from the few extracts from her letters that I have seen, she was only semi-literate, she is considered to be one of the few true convict chroniclers with an excellent memory and a gift for recording graphically the countryside, the aboriginals and the savagery and immorality of the inhabitants. Her writings are considered to have added richly to Australia’s early history. I had inherited a shoebox (literally!) of letters from the early days of Australia, but was unaware of their true significance until I
was introduced to Nancy Irvine and had read the biography that she had researched and written. These letters are now all in the Mitchell Library in Sydney. Molly Haydock was born in May 1777 of yeoman farmers near Bury/Blackburn in South Lancashire. Being strong non-conformists, they had no connection with Caius – they would have been given short shrift if they had applied to enter the College. Both her parents died when she was young and she was brought up by granny. After leaving school, she and another girl ran away from home, Molly dressed as a boy and assuming the name of a boy who had recently died. When they got to Chester, they separated and Mary stole a horse. On getting to Stafford in August 1791, she tried to sell it but was apprehended and thrown into Stafford gaol being tried, convicted on good evidence, condemned to death and recommended for transportation for 7 years. All this had been somewhat confusing to her biographer as all the court records were in the name of the ‘boy’. It seems that the authorities were very concerned by the mortality and sickness rates of the early convict ships (run like slave ships) and were trying to improve the health of convicts before leaving: it was only then that her true sex and name were discovered. This resulted in an appeal by some 17 citizens of Blackburn (including her uncle – my more direct ancestor) but this was rejected and she set sail in the Royal Admiral (an East India Company ship used to transport people over long distances) arriving at Sydney in October 1792. (The colony was founded in 1788.) It seems that she was taken on to the household staff of Maj. Grose (a senior officer of the
original military force), but in September 1794, aged 17, she married Thomas Reibey, a junior officer on an East India Company ship trading from Calcutta. She became known as ‘Mary’ rather than ‘Molly’. He/they got a grant of land near Windsor on the Hawkesbury. He started to trade with small boats up the river - coal, furs, skins and cedar beams – and took raw materials round to Sydney, owning 3 boats in 1803. In 1804, they leased the farm and built a substantial new house in Sydney and bought several more farms along the river (presumably from bankrupt farmers). In 1805 he went into partnership with a Mr Wills, had a schooner built in Sydney and started to trade with some of the Pacific Islands and Calcutta – it is said that he even got to China. In 1809 he fell ill in Calcutta and died in April 1811 in Sydney. By this time, Mary had seven children and the business affairs to deal with in her husband’s absences. After his death, she opened a new warehouse and bought two more ships. She got involved in sealing operations in the Bass Straight and became a founding member of the first Bank of New South Wales. In 1820, she took her two eldest daughters to England to further their education and to visit many of her relatives. Extant was a record which reported that she then owned 10 farms on the Hawkesbury River and one in the Airds District, just over 2000 acres in Tasmania on which there were 20 farms (it was on this land that she built Entally House near Launceston – now Tasmanian National Trust) as well as all those ships. She was boasting an income of £1,000 p.a. On her return to Sydney, she launched several new buildings and in 1825 was appointed a governor of the Free Grammar School. On reaching 50 years of age, she began to withdraw from business activities, concentrating more on social issues. She died in May 1855 aged 78. The biography has a section headed “The Catchpole Taradiddle”. In 1849 the bestseller by Rev. Richard Cobbold (1814) reached Sydney and a rumour started that it was not Margaret Catchpole who was buried at Richmond in 1819 and that Margaret was identical to Mrs Reibey, thus making Molly/Mary feel that the bottom had fallen out of her carefully built respectable world. She enlisted the help of the then Bishop of Tasmania but it seems that he fluffed his lines – nevertheless, the rumour was scotched. Margaret and Mary were indeed two very different people, although they both suffered the misfortune of being transported to Australia for stealing a horse while dressed in boy’s clothing and both survived the voyage and prospered in the new colony.
Margaret Catchpole, in male clothing, riding at speed from Ipswich to London.
A sailing ship overloaded with convicts, ploughing through the Bay of Biscay.
Margaret after her change of fortune in Australia, driving a fine coach and pair. The only surviving image of Mary Reibey, painted on ivory, shown courtesy of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, was used as the basis for the engraving on the banknote.
Three more of the delightful watercolours painted by Richard Cobbold (1814) to illustrate his book, The History of Margaret Catchpole, are shown by kind permission of Anthony Cobbold (1955), who writes… “As evidence of the extent of the confusion, a family member told me with great enthusiasm that it was Margaret Catchpole’s image on the A$20 bill and I believed him until I heard from Hibbert Binney!”
...Always a Caian 33 Dick is no stranger to the Letters column of The Times, having had another offering published on 3 April 2006. This letter told the story of the aftermath of a convivial night out in London with three other medical students from Caius, Denis Elphick (1929), Dr Noel Gosse (1929) and one other whose name he does not recall.
Dr Dick Jarrett (1929) Dick Jarrett, a friend and contemporary of Philip Grierson, sent his CaiMemory to The Times, where it was published on 15 August 2007:
bs Baked bean bsocom sp rre ondence, in
previou Sir, Further to your and had in Caius College, s om 1929 I had ro ge tin of to lunch. I put a lar invited two friends the coal cepan of water on baked beans in a sau ham. ld to buy slices of co fire and went out soot of l ere was a large fal While I was out th n, pa ce sau e water out of th which spilt all the ot so of t foo a d beans under and the tin of bake d exploded. became red-hot an o years of (b 1858) enjoyed tw r he My late fat the cost th the college over correspondence wi ure. room and the furnit of redecorating the FRCP, DICK JARRETT Painswick, Glos
Bill Newman-Sanders (1957) The ringleader of two student escapades described in recent issues exercises his right of reply: 1. As a result of the criticism by Dr Andrew Soddy (1957) of the equipment supplied to hang up the M1 signs our youngest son, who is an engineer with Ove Arup, now tells me he must have got his engineering abilities from his mother!
Insurance Etiquette Sir, Years ago I was driving down Piccadilly after a night out with fellow medical students when, just before a crash, I shouted: “Watch out, chaps, there’s a stationary taxi backing into us!” As this was 1932, I handed the taxi driver cash in compensation, and shared the cost of repairing my mother’s car with my three friends. DR R F JARRETT, Painswick, Glos
32 Once a Caian...
Dick Jarrett’s local paper, the Gloucestershire Echo, marked his ninetieth birthday by photographing him wind-surfing. Dick plans to celebrate his ninety-eighth birthday in July 2008 in the same way!
Brian Whitaker (1957)
We are always pleased to receive CaiMemories for publication at: caimemories@ cai.cam.ac.uk
In 1958 I was fortunate enough to be a member of the Caius team which won Athletic Cuppers. Furthermore, this was the College’s first victory in 30 years and the Guest of Honour at the celebratory dinner was none other than Harold Abrahams (1919) who had been the Captain of that earlier winning team. The stars of our team were the two Ronnies – Forster (1955) who won a Blue for distance running and Thomson (1955) who won one for the sprints – long before Barker and Corbett were beamed into the nation’s living rooms! The particular significance of the event for me was that my academic pedigree was the same as Harold Abrahams (Repton and Caius), and it had been at Repton where a Chemistry teacher, another Caian, John ‘Boris’ Banes (1949), who had been President of CUAC, had not only nurtured my interest
in Athletics but had also encouraged me to apply for Caius. In those days the choice of university was relatively simple – if you were good at the Arts, you applied to Oxford and if you were good at the Sciences you applied to Cambridge!! Much more complex was the choice of College and so I am grateful to Boris both for his athletics coaching and for his insistence that I should apply to Caius.
The Newman-Sanders clan. Bill (1957) and Brigitte, who first met at 1 West Road in Cambridge, are surrounded by their four children with their spouses and twenty grandchildren. Eldest son Anthony (1981), on Bill’s right, with his wife Louise, and their daughter Sophie (2007), back row, centre, have continued the family connection with Caius.
John Pugh (1957) left and Bill Newman-Sanders (1957), co-conspirators in relocating the M1 road signs and a St John’s College VIII to Caius, enjoying a recent sailing holiday.
2. When we borrowed the eight from the St John’s boathouse, once Tony Ganner (1957) had removed the pane of glass, which was only about a foot (0.3m) square, there was the problem of getting through the hole. The only person slim enough to do this was Martin “snake hips”, “built for speed” Penney (1957) who, having flattened his hair (the widest part of his body), managed to get inside and unlock the door.
34 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 35 David Ellis
David Ellis (1960) padded by warm clothing. Of course we had earlier cycled a few times up and down the Backs, under all the bridges, which for me fulfilled a strange ambition from earlier years to do just that! Yao Liang
In order to play in a university chess tournament, I came back a week early for the Lent Term, 1963, to find a mop and a pail on bare floorboards in my sitting room in B2, St Mike’s. Porters explained that a burst pipe at the top of the staircase had gone undetected for 24 hours, by which time there was six feet of water in B6. I was assigned to a guest room on A staircase, small but cosy and just right for the weather that persisted for the next few weeks, with the thermograph outside Great St Mary’s gently undulating between 2º and 5ºF. The Cam froze and all who could went skating on it. A friend and I bought a pair of skates and screwed them onto his old RAF boots, taking turns to shuffle along the ice. It was rumoured that a duck had been frozen upside-down at Grantchester. One fine afternoon I dragged Roland Price (1960) from his maths in Harvey Court to cycle up-river. Skirting the weir at Byron’s Pool, we explored a further two miles or so, until the stream got too narrow to continue. With branches poking through the ice and one wheel going one side and one the other, spills were inevitable, but we were well
King’s may well boast the most magnificent college chapel in Cambridge, if not the world, but Caius must have one of the nicest. Central to the College, and thus convenient for Hall or breakfast afterwards, and with a direct entry for the Master, it is a fitting edifice for a College founded by a
clergyman and maintained by his Bishop: small enough never to seem empty, but large enough for a good congregation, as when ‘half the College’ came to hear, in a series of four sermons on fundamental issues of the Christian faith (later published as Beyond Reasonable Doubt), what the Dean, Revd Hugh Montefiore (1954), “really believed”. At that time Canon Joe Fison was Vicar of Great St Mary’s; he invited bishops and well-known laymen to preach at the Sunday evening services, but when he preached himself it seemed to me that he transcended them all. So it was no surprise that he was appointed Bishop of Salisbury. Announcing his move and the name of his successor one Sunday evening in 1963, however, he said what we heard as “Hugh Montefiore, Dean of Queens’”. Several Caians were not going to stand for that. So, just as we were accustomed to doing when lecturers made mistakes, we hissed. “What was that?” We hissed again. “This never happened in Mervyn’s* day!” When I spoke to Canon Fison later he said he thought he’d corrected himself in time; probably it had come over as something like “Quaius”. . . *Stockwood, Bishop of Southwark
As a Roman Catholic graduate of Caius, I was very interested to read your recent article on the Catholic Martyrs. Christopher Brooke (1945) told me years ago that one of the College stewards had been martyred, but I had no idea there were so many. I must admit that I would rather have been hung, drawn and quartered under Protestant Elizabeth than burnt alive under Catholic Mary! But how could they do these things, knowing the Gospels and Christ’s teachings? Thankfully, now things are different; you have had a Roman Catholic mass in your chapel. I was Abbot at Prinknash Abbey for twelve years and when I had my abbatial blessing, the Dean of Gloucester generously invited us to have the service in the cathedral as our church is rather small and we expected a large congregation. At the end, the Catholic bishop, the Anglican bishop and the new abbot gave the blessing together. An Oxford colleague to whom I lent Once a Caian... told me I should be proud to belong to Caius. I am! I am also proud to belong to the College of Stephen Hawking, even if he does think that life after death is a fairy tale! Re-reading this, I realise I have a weakness for exclamation marks! Mark Leightley
When the snows finally melted, David Ellis (1960), then the Chairman of the University Photographic Society, went out with his camera in the hope of catching some rare reflections, and was rewarded to find a vast pool over the big lawn at the back of King’s. The resulting colour slide, turned upside-down and back to front to give an ‘Impressionist’ picture of the famous chapel, as shown above, was included in the Photographic Alliance of Great Britain’s “1965 Exhibition of Pictorial Photography”.
Donald Cameron-Brown (1950) (now known as Father Aldhelm)
Dr John Black (1936) I was fortunate to be in the last year to complete a three-year course before the outbreak of war in September 1939. My Natural Sciences course in Anatomy, Physiology, Organic Chemistry and Pathology during my first two years occupied me too fully to have room for much College activity, though I played rugby once in my first year. My tutor was the kindly E K ‘Francis’ Bennett (1914), then Senior Tutor, to whom as a Tancred Student, Dr John Black (1936) with his daughter, I presented myself in May and on Gabriel Black. Martinmas (11 November) to obtain a letter of good conduct which was sent to the solicitors, Frere Chomeley, in Lincoln’s Inn Fields. For my third year I decided to take Part II in Physiology, rather than repeat parts of Part I. It was a great privilege to be taught by such talented people as (Sir) Alan Hodgkin who was beginning his studies on nerve conduction, for which he was later awarded a Nobel Prize. Though it was generally accepted that war with Germany was likely there was more concern about the Spanish Civil War (1936 – 1939) and there was much activity by Communists such as J D Bernal, who supported the Spanish Government against Franco, as did my circle of friends, who were involved in providing for refugee children from the Basque region. One of the most impressive Fellows of the College was Joseph Needham (1918), at that time working on Chemical Embryology; it was only after his wartime visit to Chunking as Scientific Adviser to the Chinese Government that he published his monumental “Science and Civilization in China” (CUP 1954 – 1984). He gave a talk at Caius and I was greatly impressed by his breadth of knowledge. Due to wartime service and professional commitments it was some years before I was able to renew my acquaintance with the College at Annual Gatherings and other functions, which I have since enjoyed.
Dr John Godrich (1951)
Donald Cameron-Brown (1950) (now known as Father Aldhelm).
I would like to pay tribute to a long-departed member of the College, Dr Oscar Teichman (1898), who merited a VC for bravery in the field of battle, but never got it. I was delighted to learn that he was a graduate of Caius. My father, Col. Godrich, was a fellow soldier with him in the Worcestershire Yeomanry (Territorial Army) throughout the campaign in Palestine from 1914 to 1918. Oscar was a hero to him: he told me that the Doctor was always ready to listen to anyone who was desperate and found life in the desert intolerable. He had the unpleasant task of burying the remains of 50 men who were killed during a night attack by the Turks at Oghratina, 60 miles East of Suez. His close friend from Worcestershire, Capt. Toby Albright, was killed in the famous cavalry charge on the Turkish guns at Huj in Israel. In 1917, the Allied Army under Allenby captured Jerusalem and so ended the Ottoman rule of the Holy Land. Teichman returned to England on leave and was then posted back to Italy to join the British Army. On arriving in Padua, there was no sign of a military unit, so he did a tour of Northern Italy looking for his attachment and ended up in Genoa, to work in a military hospital. In 1918, many victims succumbed to influenza, hepatitis and malaria, which killed as many victims as the hostilities. He came back to England in 1919 and wrote his memoirs, which were published in 1921. Dr John Godrich (1951).
36 Once a Caian...
...Always a Caian 37
When in a long and weary night, sleepless and tense, with troubled thought choking the throat with great unease you go downstairs, turn on the light, and, sitting, wait for all the taut-strung tendons of the mind to ease,
by Stanley Howarth (1935) Nora Howarth.
tanley Howarth (1935) read French and German at Caius before volunteering for the Army before World War Two. He had an unenviable wartime experience: after manning the East coast, armed with a Bren gun to repel the Germans, he travelled in a troopship with the British 18th Division past Iceland, across to Canada, down to the Caribbean (within sight of South America), then across the Atlantic again, to South Africa, on to India and finally Singapore, where he arrived just in time to be captured by the invading Japanese. He remained a prisoner-of-war until 1945, building railroads and bridges and surviving on an occasional handful of rice. Stanley was Head of Modern Languages at Mexborough School in Yorkshire. He was happily married to Nora, who was Head of Arts at another school nearby, until she suffered a debilitating stroke and finally died in 1990.
e said farewell to her for me
and gnaw the barren bones of care, and lead-foot fears still activate, the aching treadmill of the mind,
The priest was all a man of God should be, A steadfast man of generous mind and heart And soul, his gentle mission to impart His own sweet faith in immortality.
Mick Le Moignan
Knowing my non-belief he did not speak Of glad reunion, but found a way In simple, seemly words somehow to say What I could not, by grief made numb and weak. “We know she was much loved”, I dimly heard Him say, but did not see his lips, his face, Or other listening faces in that place; The portent of the words unsaid had blurred My sight. But then he spoke of gratitude – (and not of loss!) – for having known a while The blessing of her grace, her love, her smile, Her laughter, lovely skills and varied mood. . . And so he said farewell to her for me, Less as a priest, I think, than as a friend. Did love of man in him perhaps transcend His love of God? I only know that he Brought me relief when I expected none. Self-pity died. I wrapped her deep inside In softest shrouds of love and care and pride, And faced my time of mourning now begun. And if one day, among the seraphim, That priest claims just reward for piety, I pray his God may somehow prove to be Worthy of him.
Illuminated letters by W G Challis, aged 14, Penistone Grammar School 1931.
Stanley Howarth at home in his garden in Rotherham.
yet still your thoughts find no respite, encaged like starving rats which, caught within the skull, nuzzle and tease
seek sanctuary then elsewhere; relinquish your too conscious state, leave chair and room and light, and find sweet solace in your garden, where night, sleepless too, will loosen straight the knots that hold your brain confined.
Breathe deep, breathe slow, stand motionless; stroke smooth your weary-eyed distress with night’s cool-fingered calm caress. Measure one small and separate plight against the canopy of night in all its majesty and might. No moon as yet. Immaculate, dispassionate, the stars will let oblivion efface regret. More intimately, on the breeze, the friendly gossip of the trees will gently chide, cajole, appease. Drink deep of air so cooled with dew, so filled with scented residue it spills into the heart of you. Swell every alveole of lung with exhalations from the young smooth buds. From every tiny tongue, each tiny glistening tongue, upthrust from honey-mouths of flowers that lust with slack wet lips for pollen dust lick essences of sweet desire sweet tastes of summer’s slumbering fire to soothe the spirit and inspire. **** Breathe deep, breathe slow, let sorrow go; soon you will know release from pain and sleep again. Breathe slow, breathe deep and sleep, sleep, sleep.
The Alumni magazine of Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge