Page 1


A zero-waste party in Scottsdale PAGE 38

GCM Offcial Publication of the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America


RUNNERS Seed companies raise the curtain on new options for 2014 PAGE 54

The Imprelis imbroglio 46 Decision-making tips 62 Golf goes to D.C. 36 Golf Course Management Magazine • May 2014



y grass


Chapter 7

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Nearly four years ago, Imprelis surfaced as a broadleaf weed control option that some say was as good as it gets. The product, though, created serious, long-lasting issues that still are being resolved. Howard Richman

2014 Seed update Teresa Carson



Sometimes, the problem is you

A Canadian superintendent applies his study of bias in decision-making to golf course management. David J. Kuypers

The right stuff The best approach to landscaping and planting ornamentals can be as easy as selecting the right plant for the right place. John C. Fech, Ph.D.


On the Cover: GCM’s annual update on the newest seed varieties available to golf course superintendents might seem a little lighter than usual in 2014 — just 17 new varieties this year. But as industry experts explain, this isn’t necessarily a trend. Instead, it’s more a product of the cyclical nature of the business. This month’s cover design is by GCSAA’s Roger Billings, senior manager, creative services.



INSIGHTS Turf Turfgrass testing Kevin Morris


38 Environment


Party like a green star Bunny Smith



Replacing orphan engines: Part II Scott R. Nesbitt

Advocacy Supers spend day in D.C. Kaelyn Seymour


Do you know why? Carol D. Rau, PHR



Water The cost of water business Bunny Smith


82 8 6 76 Cutting Edge

Which Kentucky bluegrass cultivars perform better with less water? Twenty-eight Kentucky bluegrass cultivars and two hybrid bluegrasses were tested for their ability to retain visual quality under reduced irrigation. Dale Bremer, Ph.D. Steve Keeley, Ph.D. Jack Fry, Ph.D. Jason Lewis, Ph.D.

Teresa Carson

Tar spot on seashore paspalum in Georgia

Tar spot has been identified for the first time on seashore paspalum turfgrass at the University of Georgia. Alfredo Martinez-Espinoza, Ph.D. Omar Martinez-Uribe Dae Kim

ETCETERA05.14 16 President’s message 18 Inside GCM 20 Front nine 30 Photo quiz


74 Up to speed 88 Verdure 90 Product news 94 Industry news


102 Climbing the ladder 102 On course 103 Coming up 103 New members

104 In the field 105 Newly certified 105 On the move 112 Final shot

Golf Course Management Magazine Offcial Publication of the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America


Golf Course Management magazine is dedicated to advancing the golf course superintendent profession and helping GCSAA members achieve career success. To that end, GCM provides authoritative “how-to” career-oriented, technical and trend information by industry experts, researchers and golf course superintendents. By advancing the profession and members’ careers, the magazine contributes to the enhancement, growth and vitality of the game of golf. GCSAA BOARD OF DIRECTORS President Vice President Secretary/Treasurer Immediate Past President Directors

Chief Executive Offcer Chief Operating Offcer Chief Business Development Offcer


GCM STAFF Editor-in-Chief Sr. Managing Editor Sr. Science Editor Associate Editor Sr. Manager, Creative Services Manager, Creative Services Traffc Coordinator Traffc Coordinator


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The articles, discussions, research and other information in this publication are advisory only and are not intended as a substitute for specifc manufacturer instructions or training for the processes discussed, or in the use, application, storage and handling of the products mentioned. Use of this information is voluntary and within the control and discretion of the reader. ©2014 by GCSAA Communications Inc., all rights reserved.

You spoke. We listened. In answer to feedback from superintendents worldwide, our four new Country Club MD greens grade fertilizers contain phosphorus for those golf course managers who need to include P in their greens nutrition program. Ask your sales representative for more information about Country Club MD.

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(president’s message)

The personal touch Throughout my career as a golf course superintendent, I have always preferred the direct approach. As I was growing up in this business, I Keith A. Ihms, CGCS found that I learned best when someone took the time to communicate with me face to face, as opposed to sharing information on a new policy or maintenance technique through some staff memo or group message posted in the break room. And as I began to manage golf courses of my own, I have always done my best to stay true to that philosophy when dealing with employees or colleagues in the clubI have been privileged house, favoring one-on-one interactions over all-staff emails or call outs in team meetings. to take part in several I know my endorsement of these tacpast National Golf tics probably isn’t breaking any new ground from a staff management perspective; I’m Days as a member certain many of you operate the same way. of the GCSAA In fact, GCSAA has used a similar approach Board of Directors to achieve success in two key areas I’d like to discuss with you this month — GCSAA’s and a chairman of member engagement initiatives and our govour Government ernment relations and advocacy efforts, specifcally National Golf Day. Relations Committee, Those of you who have been able to voland I can tell you unteer your time through committee serthere have been few vice to GCSAA have had the opportunity to experience the value of the direct approach more empowering frsthand. Serving at this level offers assoexperiences than ciation members one-on-one time with key GCSAA staff, with industry partners and, those I have spent on perhaps most importantly, with fellow memCapitol Hill. bers of the association. And as the association begins to engage members again for 2014, we have made changes to this process that I believe will further enhance those opportunities for our volunteers. Our committee and task group structures have been revamped to make them more focused, more task-oriented, with more opportunities to serve for more members. It’s an approach that I believe emphasizes our belief in the member engagement process and in creating positive, career-enhancing opportunities for our members. Perhaps the most notable and effective example of the benefts of face-to-face contact comes later this month, when the 2014 edition of National Golf Day takes place in Washington, D.C. For the uninitiated, National Golf Day is an effort of the We Are Golf coalition



that brings golf industry leaders to our nation’s capital to meet with government leaders and share with them the economic, environmental, charitable and ftness benefts of the game of golf. I have been privileged to take part in several past National Golf Days as a member of the GCSAA Board of Directors and a chairman of our Government Relations Committee, and I can tell you I have had few more empowering experiences. Talking with lawmakers about the role of the golf course superintendent and the impact our businesses have on local economies — and seeing frsthand that those discussions are making a difference — have been proof positive that the direct approach I have believed in my entire career is the right approach in all that we do. You can read much more about National Golf Day in this month’s Advocacy column on Page 36 of this issue of GCM. Finally, I wanted to update you on a professional matter that I made mention of in my April column. As you may be aware, I have been involved in an extensive job search since the frst of March when I left my previous position with the Country Club of Little Rock (Ark.), a post I had held since 2005. I am pleased to say that search has concluded, and in late April, I began my new position as the golf course maintenance manager at Bella Vista (Ark.) Village. I’m excited by the opportunity to work with the talented superintendents who manage the six 18-hole and two nine-hole courses that make up this recreational community and retirement destination in northwest Arkansas. And I’m grateful to the leadership of the Bella Vista Property Owners Association for the trust they’ve placed in me and for their support of my volunteer service as president of GCSAA.

Keith A. Ihms, CGCS, is the golf course maintenance manager at Bella Vista (Ark.) Village and a 33-year member of GCSAA.

(inside gcm)

The research says … Scott Hollister twitter: @GCM_Magazine

As my high school math and science teachers could certainly tell you, there is a good reason why I gravitated toward the written word and away from formulas, equations and the scientifc method.



After 16 years with GCSAA and this magazine, I like to think I’ve turned into a pretty accomplished armchair golf course superintendent. I’m not going to host a U.S. Open any time soon, mind you, but I feel like I can talk the talk and, in most cases, walk the walk authentically enough to connect, on a pretty personal level, with the turfgrass managers who read this publication every month. That doesn’t mean, however, I can identify with each and every aspect of a superintendent’s job, a fact I’m reminded of each month when I review the content that is appearing in GCM’s research section. As my high school math and science teachers could certainly tell you, there is a good reason why I gravitated toward the written word and away from formulas, equations and the scientifc method. To put it bluntly, the technical bent of our research stories often frightens and confuses me. It’s not that I don’t get how important this information is to our business and to golf course superintendents. The results of our readership surveys that show the research section is our most popular, most valuable and most read section would make that kind of conclusion impossible. It’s more that sometimes, I just don’t get it, period. That occasional lack of connection with agronomic tech talk hasn’t come from a lack of trying. I’ve sat in on classes at GCSAA Education Conferences. I’ve listened intently to presentations by some of the top minds in the industry, the Thom Nikolais, Bert McCartys, Jack Frys and Frank Rossis of the world. And I’ve huddled with the brightest superintendents out there to see how all this theory actually turns into practice. I’ve gotten better, really. It’s just that I haven’t gotten t at much better. Fortunately, we have a lot of help in covering up my defciencies and making sure our research section remains the undisputed industry leader. GCM is fortunate to have a great staff of editors and writers to help make sense of this technical information, most notably

our senior science editor Teresa Carson. She’s a board certifed editor in the life sciences, has a long history in bringing the work of top turfgrass researchers to the pages of GCM and is a key to helping me keep my Pyt ium and my Poa straight. Then there are those turfgrass researchers that I just mentioned. We’re fortunate that when many of them wrap up publishing their work in peer-reviewed journals, the next call they make is to GCM. Some of them publish in this magazine on a regular basis, others only occasionally. But the collective knowledge and experience that all of them bring to this magazine more than makes up for my scientifc shortcomings. This month, we’re lucky to bring yet another brilliant mind to the pages of GCM on a more consistent basis. On Page 88 of this month’s magazine, we’re proud to debut Verdure, a column from Beth Guertal, Ph.D., a professor in the department of agronomy and soils from Auburn University. As Guertal describes it, verdure refers to the best part of turfgrass, the bright green part that remains after grass is mowed and clippings are removed (I wish the wordsmith in me could tell you I knew that word before she explained it, but I can’t). Her column hopes to work similar magic with turfgrass research projects that have been previously published in other venues but might have been missed by most superintendents. She’ll dig into the numbers, strip away the excess and share only the most important, most pertinent parts of that research with our readers. We think Beth’s addition to the GCM family will only serve to strengthen the research offerings that we bring to the industry every month. And if she adds another technical safety net for a certain editor who may or may not be pictured on this page, well, then all the better. Scott Hollister is GCMÕs editor-in-chief.

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In multiple ways, the golf course that once participated in the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am rotation no longer exists. No, Poppy Hills never left. You could say, though, that it is back. The restored and renovated version of Poppy Hills Golf Course on the Monterey Peninsula showcased its new look April 4, laced with features that could make it better than ever. The grand reopening of the public course that day was the culmination of 13 months of work to create several notable changes by original and redesign architect Robert Trent Jones Jr. Perhaps the most important was substantially reducing its irrigation needs in a state that is severely water-challenged. “The golf course is in great shape,” says Matt Muhlenbruch, a 13-year GCSAA member who was brought in last year to be the grow-in superintendent, helping current superintendent Manny Sousa oversee the project. “To be part of this has been a great opportunity.” Infrastructure changes at Poppy Hills, which was established in 1986, include substantial drainage improvements, most notably a 5½-inch sand cap over the property. In addition, a state-of-the-art Toro ir-

Photos courtesy of John Deere Golf

13,000 Acres of turfgrass being farmed in the U.S.‡


miles of roots per square foot of turfgrass*


50 50

Square feet of healthy turfgrass needed to produce enough oxygen to support a family of four **


total percentage of water in grass clippings*

stem height tall fescue plant is capable of producing




*Turfgrass Producers International ** Source: ScienTurfc Sod † ‡ Source: King Ranch Turfgrass


This is the before look at Poppy Hills, which showcased its new look last month.

rigation system was installed at Poppy Hills, where the total of irrigated turf has been reduced by nearly 25 percent. The state of California, facing historic drought conditions for several months now, can look to Poppy Hills as a facility that is doing its part to battle the issue. The golf courses that are neighbors of Poppy Hills, such as famed Pebble Beach Golf Links, deserve just as much credit for aiding the cause. It took a team effort to make the April reopening possible: When Poppy Hills delayed seeding all 18 holes from May to July of last year, the other golf courses in the area decided to voluntarily reduce their water consumption to help Poppy Hills. It gave the renovation a major boost. “For these golf courses to help out, some of which are among the most highly regarded in the world, is remarkable,” Muhlenbruch says. “What they did is a great example of a community coming together to help a neighbor. Every gallon of water we use is used properly.” Could Poppy Hills, owned by the Northern California Golf Association, be Pinehurst West? Kind of. Natural, sandy waste areas have been uncovered and introduced into Poppy Hills, where John Deere excavators, dozers and dump trucks were regulars at the construction site. Now there is no rough and one height of cut for tees and fairways (a ryegrass/fne fescue mix) and another for greens (a blend of 007 creeping bentgrass and Tyee bentgrass). The greens have been completely redesigned and doglegs have been softened to blend into modest elevation changes. Poppy Hills, part of the AT&T Pebble Beach rotation from 1991 through 2009 (some of the pros sharply criticized the course for drainage problems, insuffcient greens and an overabundance of doglegs), was a par-72 in those days. Today it’s a par-71 and plays 7,002 yards from the tips. The new looks include No. 12, previously a dogleg right par-5 that is now a straightaway par-4. The area along the right side of No. 5 was transformed into more natural sand area with tall native fescues. The par-3 11th was completely rebuilt, creating a short and precise test.

Muhlenbruch, who turned 34 in April, came to Poppy Hills from The Olympic Club, where he learned from GCSAA Past President (2013) Patrick R. Finlen, CGCS. He says his time at The Olympic Club was excellent preparation for what has played out at Poppy Hills, which will be back in the tournament business this year when the Champions Tour comes in late September in the form of the Nature Valley First Tee Open. “At The Olympic Club, the amount of activity and inhouse projects were numerous,” Muhlenbruch says. “We rebuilt both golf courses and hosted a U.S. Open. I was well prepared for a challenge of this scale.” Sousa, a 27-year GCSAA member, plans to retire in 2015, leaving the reins to Muhlenbruch, who says working with Finlen, and now Sousa, is priceless as he — and Poppy Hills — launch new eras. “Manny has always been a progressive superintendent who seeks the latest and greatest,” Muhlenbruch says. “He’s very open-minded. I can’t think of a better way to come into a project than I did here.” — Howard Richman, GCM associate editor

A new post for GCSAA president GCSAA President Keith A. Ihms, CGCS, started his new job last month. Ihms, the 78th president in association history, began his new job as the golf course maintenance manager at Bella Vista (Ark.) Village. The new position comes on the heels of Ihms’ departure in early March from the country club of Little Rock, Ark., where he had been director of grounds maintenance since 2005. “I am happy — quite a bit,” Ihms says. “It will be a challenge.” Bella Vista is a recreational community/retirement destination located in northwest Arkansas. It features six 18-hole courses and two nine-hole layouts. Ihms has superintendents working under him at each course. “I’m the go-between coordinator, get our guys what

they need, help solve problems,” Ihms says. Bella Vista Village Property Owners Association president/general manager Tommy Bailey says more than 60 people applied for the position that Ihms landed. Bella Vista has long-range plans (recent updates include a new irrigation system for one of the courses), and Ihms’ experiences, including awareness of the latest trends in golf course management, served him well in seeking the position. “We just felt he’d be really good for our membership,” Bailey says. “He knows what he’s talking about. He’s been very active in your organization (GCSAA). We thought that would be a real big plus for us.” Bailey says approximately 180,000 rounds of golf were played in 2013 at Bella Vista.

Looking back on some true golf course hazards Seventy-four years ago, one golf course in Great Britain had no intention of letting the Nazis halt play. St. Mellon’s Golf and Country Club remained opened during World War II’s famed Battle of Britain, during which Germany bombed the region almost constantly. Instead of suspending golf, though, St. Mellon’s established several temporary rules in time of war, according to an excerpt from the book “Golf Anecdotes — From the Links of Scotland to Tiger Woods” by Robert Sommers.




Those temporary rules included: • “Players are asked to collect bomb and shrapnel splinters to save these causing damage to the mowing machines.” • “In competitions, during gunfre or while bombs are falling, players may take cover without penalty for ceasing play.” • “The positions of known delayed action bombs are marked by red fags at a reasonably but not guaranteed safe distance therefrom.” • “Shrapnel and/or bomb splinters on the fairways or in bunkers within a club’s length of a ball may be moved without penalty and no penalty shall be incurred if a ball is thereby caused to move accidentally.” • “A ball moved by enemy action may be replaced or, if lost or destroyed, a ball may be dropped not nearer the hole without penalty.” • “A ball lying in a crater may be lifted and dropped not nearer the hole, preserving the line to the hole, without penalty.” • “A player whose stroke is affected by the simultaneous explosion of a bomb may play another ball from the same place. One penalty stroke.” A year ago, an unexploded bomb thought to be from World War II was discovered in the United Kingdom on the driving range at Gowerton in Wales.

Torrey Pines lands 2021 U.S. Open Torrey Pines, site of the last major championship triumph for Tiger Woods, will be host to another major in seven years. The USGA announced Torrey Pines, located in San Diego, will be the site of the U.S. Open in 2021. The dates are June 17-20. Paul Cushing, a 24-year GCSAA member, oversees maintenance at Torrey Pines as the city’s Class A director of golf course maintenance operations, with 10year GCSAA member Blake Meentemeyer in charge of the South Course, which is where Woods beat Rocco Mediate in a playoff for the U.S. Open title in 2008.

“I was excited to hear that the U.S. Open was returning to Torrey Pines,” Woods says. “I think it’s great, when the USGA can, to play the U.S. Open at a public course.”

McCurdy receives Musser Award James D. McCurdy, Ph.D., assistant professor and turfgrass Extension specialist at Mississippi State University, received the 2014 Award of Excellence by the Musser International Turfgrass Foundation. The award is given to outstanding Ph.D. candidates who, in the fnal phase of their graduate studies, demonstrate overall excellence throughout their doctoral program in turfgrass research. McCurdy received his bachelor of science degree in plant and soil science (specializing in turfgrass and golf course management) from the University of Tennessee-Martin. He went on to earn his master’s degree at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. He received his Ph.D. from Auburn University, where McCurdy worked with Scott McElroy, Ph.D., and wrote his dissertation on “The Effects and Sustainability of Legume Inclusion within Warm-Season Turf Swards.” “It is indeed an honor to be selected for such a prestigious award,” McCurdy says. “I hope to be able to make

tion plans at Sharp Park, located in Pacifca, Calif. The course, built by famed architect Alister MacKenzie, opened in 1932. But like so many chapters in this saga, the battle may not be over. The San Francisco Chronicle reported that Wild Equity Institute, an environmentalist group, has requested a full environmental impact report on the project and planned to fle a lawsuit objecting to the city’s decision. Despite that looming hurdle, Richard Harris, cofounder of San Francisco Public Golf Alliance, was thrilled by the most recent decision. “This is a win for common-sense environmentalism, golf, the local community and for ordinary citizens who love to use their parks,” Harris said.

GCSAA member part of new golf task force

Bosco, winner of the 2014 Dog Days of Golf Calendar contest.

an impact on the turfgrass industry at the level of many previous award winners.” McCurdy says he will be working diligently with his students at Mississippi State to prepare them for careers in turfgrass management while he continues to conduct applied and basic research. The criteria for selecting award recipients include graduate work, academic record, dissertation, publications, leadership and extracurricular activities. To date, awards have been granted to doctoral students from universities including Arizona, Auburn, Cornell, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Carolina State, Ohio State, Penn State, Purdue, Michigan State, Rutgers, Tennessee and Texas A&M.

NGF: Company course management growing The number of golf courses under the direction of management companies continues to grow, according to the National Golf Foundation (NGF). The total of U.S. facilities under third-party management increased from 1,472 in 2001 to more than 2,245 in 2013, which is an increase of 53 percent. Half of the growth has happened since 2008. Approximately 230 management companies oversee the courses. Only two — Club Corp and Billy Casper Golf — operate more than 100 apiece in the U.S. “I expect the increase in the number of facilities under management to continue, although choosing the right option is key to the fnancial success of the facility,” says Richard Singer, NGF director of consulting. “Management companies have shown their worth, especially in the public sector.”



Bosco voted top dog in 2014 calendar contest Bosco, a purebred chocolate Labrador retriever, and his owner, David Kohley, the GCSAA Class A superintendent at Silver Lake Country Club in Orland Park, Ill., took home the top honors in voting for the top dog in the 2014 Dog Days of Golf Calendar contest, presented by GCSAA and LebanonTurf. Bosco was among 14 dogs featured in the calendar, appearing in December 2013. The win earned Kohley a $500 prize, while another $500 was donated to his local Humane Society. Additionally, Kohley’s affliated GCSAA chapter, the Midwest Association of GCS, received $3,000. Submissions for the 2015 dog calendar began May 1.

Sharp Park overcomes another hurdle The ongoing battle between Sharp Park Golf Course and environmentalists recently reached another key moment, with the golf course prevailing in the latest encounter. The San Francisco Board of Supervisors approved construction enhancements that were being opposed by environmentalists who have sought to close the golf course for several years. They objected to construction of a proposed pond for frog breeding and native plant restoration area, moving a golf car path from a wetland and dredging invasive reeds and sediment from an existing stream. As they have in the past, they argued that the construction and other facets of ongoing golf course improvements and maintenance threaten California red-legged frogs and San Francisco garter snakes. The city’s recreation and park commission and then its planning commission, though, approved the construc-

PGA of America President Ted Bishop — a former golf course superintendent and current GCSAA member — is part of a movement to develop and evaluate innovative concepts to drive golf participation. PGA Task Force, spearheaded by the PGA of America, is seeking ways to grow the game through nontraditional means. Besides Bishop, the 10-person task force includes Dottie Pepper and Olympic ski standout Bode Miller. “There is nothing that I have been part of to date that is more important and has greater opportunity,” Bishop says. “The golf experience needs to be redefned. For many people, the traditional 18-hole round simply doesn’t work. With the industry at a critical juncture of growth, it is our responsibility to consider any and all potential alternatives to enhance the consumer’s enjoyment of the game.” Bishop certainly has jumped into the cause. Earlier this year, he was announced as a member of HackGolf (, which is a movement led by TaylorMade and the PGA of America to make the game more fun. PGA Task Force has long-term aspirations but is trying to develop concepts that can be quickly achieved and implemented by PGA professionals and the industry. Other PGA Task Force members include PGA of America CEO Pete Bevacqua; Mark King, CEO, TaylorMade-Adidas Golf; former NFL player Melvin Bullitt; Damon Hack, co-host of Golf Channel’s “Morning Drive”; Golf Digest editor Ashley Mayo; Arlen Kantarian, former CEO of the United States Tennis Association; and Tom Dundon, part owner of Top Golf.

World Golf Hall of Fame makes voting changes Changes in the process of electing inductees into the World Golf Hall of Fame include how often enshrinement occurs. The Hall of Fame announced in late March that there will no longer be an annual ceremony; instead, enshrinement will occur every two years beginning in 2015. Another key change is that a 16-person commission is being formed, replacing a voter panel that previously exceeded 100. The commission will choose a maximum of fve inductees from a list of candidates created by a 20-person selection subcommittee, which will oversee the qualifca-


RETWEETS Dan Grogan@purdueturfy New bunker raking style is starting to look sharp. No more pulling edges, raking bottoms only. #TGIF pic.twitter. com/xoJ9Z9xezQ Karl Danneberger@GlobalTurf Pam and Dave’s bermudagrass practice tee study being established. Using Latitude 36, Northbridge, Patriot, & Riviera Bayer Golf@BayerGolf Tip from our #CoolSeasonGuide – it’s still early for brown patch, but here’s info to get ready for it this summer Jason Haines@PenderSuper The conditions at Augusta impress me less every year thanks to everyone sharing beauty pics of their courses on twitter. #perspective Bill Corcoran@BCorcoran7 Not getting a full plug pull? Try the extended taper tine! http://twitpic. com/e0vpz6 Adam Garr@Superin10dent This green was uncovered all winter. Snow and ice removed. Looking great today after @HarrellsLLC spray!! pic.twitter. com/Oqi2PSxD0m Thomas Bastis@Calsuper Recently learned how to install synthetic turf and found a great use for the remnants. No pitted rollers! pic.twitter. com/odBFyrHW6L

tion and vetting processes. The selection commission cochairs are Arnold Palmer, Gary Player, Annika Sorenstam and Nancy Lopez — all hall-of-famers in their own right. Candidates for election come from four categories: male competitors, female competitors, veterans (careers primarily completed before 1975) and lifetime achievement (contributions to golf outside competition, which could include superintendents). The international portion of the ballot was eliminated. Candidates must receive at least 75 percent of the votes (12 or more out of 16 from the commission) to gain induction. That means it should be more diffcult to be elected, based on the previous criteria in which a candidate needed at least 65 percent. In the competitor category, a male needs 15 victories in International Federation of PGA Tours events or wins in two major championships or The Players Championship. Females need 15 wins on tours that receive Rolex Rankings points or two victories in LPGA majors.

Alabama college tackles lightning issue The University of Alabama-Huntsville is developing a tool to reduce the risk of being struck by lightning. The university is combining data from weather satellites with Doppler radar and numerical models in a system that is designed to warn which specifc pop-up storm clouds may produce lightning and when the lightning strike threat is likely to begin and end. The research is being supported by a two-year research grant from NASA. “One of our major goals is to increase the lead time


Golf Industry Show makes the list Trade Show Network News revealed its list of the top 250 trade shows in 2013 — and the Golf Industry Show ranked No. 129. The group ranked trade shows that were held in the U.S. last year by net square footage. The Golf Industry Show was held in San Diego, with a net square footage of 173,000. The convention city that hosted the most of top-250 shows was Las Vegas, followed by Chicago and Orlando.

In the


Vehicle damages Texas golf course Lake Arlington Golf Course in Arlington, Texas, is not very far from the annual NASCAR event in Fort Worth. Recently, someone clearly mistook the golf course for the nearby race track and spun donuts on the golf courses, in much the same way a NASCAR driver might after a big victory on the track. Unfortunately, this instance was no act of triumph, as this story in the Arlington Voice explains. Gary Archer, a 16-year GCSAA member, is superintendent at Lake Arlington. news/02/18/2014/arlington-golf-course-vandal ized-donuts

Oregon golf club celebrates 100 years Ben Hogan played there. Long before that, when Portland Golf Club opened, initiation fees were $10. Read more about the centennial celebration in The Oregonian. ssf/2014/03/portland_golf_club_celebrates.html


that forecasters have for predicting which clouds are most likely to produce lightning and when lightning will start,” says Alabama-Huntsville’s John Mecikalski, Ph.D., an associate professor of atmospheric science. “If we can combine data from satellites, radar and models into a single lightning forecast system, we can give the National Weather Service and other meteorologists a new tool to support forecasts.” During the system’s early development, the Alabama-Huntsville team is using data from storms in Florida and northern Alabama to test how best to combine three sets of operational data into a real-time prediction system.

Feeding frenzy Squirrels, have created quite an issue at a nine-hole executive course in Fairfax, Va., becoming bolder and more aggressive in their quest to grab a few snacks from golfers on the course, the Washington Post reports. www.washingtonpost. com/local/emboldened-by-free-snacks-hungrysquirrels-terrorized-a-falls-church-golf-course-foryears/2014/04/06/58b1bc38-b8ea-11e3899e-bb708e3539dd_story.html

Reynolds Plantation course renovated The National, one of six golf courses at Reynolds Plantation in Georgia, reopened following extensive renovations, says Golf Course Architecture. The changes include the removal of 10 bunkers. www. al-at-Reynolds-Plantation-reopens-followingextensive-renovation/3085/Default.aspx#. U0LSylw2_wI

By John Mascaro President of Turf-Tec International

(photo quiz)

Turfgrass area: Edge of fairways



Bremen, Ind.

Grass variety: Bentgrass/bluegrass mix

Strip of brown turf

Turfgrass area: Putting green

Location: The Woodlands, Texas

Grass variety: TifEagle bermudagrass


Presented in partnership with Jacobsen

Brown lines partially circling cup Answers on page 100



Kevin Morris


Turfgrass testing Selecting the correct species and ultimately the appropriate cultivar for each part of the golf course is challenging, but the National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) is here to help. NTEP undertakes extensive testing of 17 species of turfgrass cultivars over a large geographical area that includes 40 states in the United States and six provinces in Canada. According to the program’s website (www.ntep. org), the test results can “be used to determine if a cultivar is well adapted to a local area or level of turf maintenance.” NTEP recently released a preliminary report of its 2013 trial data for cool-season grasses ( preliminary13.htm). The data include bentgrass fairway/tee trials and putting green trials as well as information on fne-leaf fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue cultivars. This report also includes information on 11 of the 17 cultivars included in the 2014 Seed Update published in this issue of GCM (see Page 54). A fve-year data summary for the recently completed fne-leaf fescue and bentgrass trials (established in 2008) will be available on the website later this summer. New fne-leaf fescue and bentgrass trials will be starting in fall 2014, with 21 trial locations for fne-leaf fescue and 19 locations each for bentgrass fairway/tee and bentgrass putting green trials. As part of the planning for these trials, surveys were sent to a wide audience, including golf course superintendents and others in the industry. After considering

Presented in Partnership with Barenbrug



At the USGA/NTEP warm-season putting green trial site at Jupiter Hills Club in Tequesta, Fla., the plots will be allowed to grow together and will be maintained as a putting green with higher heights than ultradwarf bermudas. Photo by Kevin Morris

the survey results, the NTEP Policy Committee recently approved some additions, including ancillary trials, to the fne-leaf fescue and bentgrass trials. All three of the trials that will begin in fall 2014 will include testing for traffc tolerance, and the two bentgrass tests will include reduced irrigation (60-70 percent ETo) on golf course sites. In addition, all sites in the standard trials for the bentgrass fairway/tee test will be encouraged to allow some drought stress, and divot recovery and low temperature/winter tolerance will also be examined. The fne-leaf fescue test will include trials for shade tolerance, no mowing once per season, and no traffc and summer survival under low mowing stress at fairway mowing height. Warm-season grasses are also on the agenda. Bermudagrass and zoysiagrass trials were planted in 2013, as was a three-species putting green trial that is being carried out in cooperation with the USGA and a generous donation of winter turf covers from Xton Inc. Eighty vegetative entries and 18 seeded bermudagrasses are included in the three trials. The bermudagrass test includes a total of nine ancillary trials investigating drought tolerance, nematodes, winterkill, spring dead spot, traffc and divot recovery. The eight ancillary trials for the zoysiagrass include large patch and drought, shade and traffc tolerance. The warm-season putting green trial takes place in 11 locations in the South, Southwest and the transition zone, with the northernmost site in Bloomington, Ind. The greens in the

study must be built to USGA specifcations or very close to them. The trial includes 15 bermudagrasses, 11 zoysiagrasses and two seashore paspalum cultivars. The goal of the putting green trial is to use maintenance practices like those for Tifdwarf, using a higher mowing height and reduced inputs to produce a Stimpmeter measurement of 9-10 feet throughout the growing season. The recommendations for Tifdwarf management include a mowing height of 0.1400.165 inch and less fertilizer, topdressing and verticutting than is generally used for ultradwarf bermudagrasses. However, NTEP expects management parameters to be altered over the length of the trial. The winter of 2013-2014 was especially harsh, and some winterkill and other winter damage is expected in the warm-season turfgrass trials that were established in 2013. At press time, the damage to the warm-season trials is not known, but NTEP has planted trays of the cultivars being used in the trials and is prepared to repair or replace damaged turf as needed. Updates on winter injury in the warm-season trials will be available on the NTEP website. T e information in t is column was taken from NTEP’s spring 2014 newsletter.

Kevin Morris is the executive director of the National Turfgrass Evaluation Program in Beltsville, Md.

Scott R. Nesbitt


Replacing orphan engines: Part II

Top: Measure your old and new engines with a metric ruler and save the headaches of converting inch measurements into decimals and back to fractions. Bottom: An adapter increasing the crankshaft diameter to 1 inch requires a specially machined “step” key with two dimensions. Photos by Scott Nesbitt



Last month’s column covered two of the seven major factors involved in fnding a proper new-era small engine to replace a worn out old-technology engine: chassis impact and power rating. Once you’ve decided what power to get in a replacement small engine, there are several physical dimension issues that have to be resolved. Envelope. Start by measuring your old engine. Save time and headaches by using a metric ruler. A typical new engine dimension “envelope” is published as length × width × height; for example, 12.481 inches (317 mm) × 16.4174 inches (417 mm) × 15.9845 inches (406 mm). Unless your brain has superior mathematical powers, stick with metrics. Be sure to add some extra air space around the envelope for clearance and access to service points. Remove the shroud to expose the center of the crankshaft — this is the starting point for the most critical “envelope” dimensions. Get an idea of what dimensions you’ll need by visiting You’ll fnd oodles of engine drawings for seven different engine brands. While dimensions are often a challenge with horizontal-crank one-cylinder engines, there’s usually less hassle with vertical-crank engines. The new verticals are usually a little longer from crank center to top — the OHV pieces naturally make the cylinder head taller. Since machine designers left room to get at the fathead’s top-mounted spark plug, there’s usually room to spare. You’ll fnd that verticals offer some variety in the placement of the exhaust and intake systems, making it much easier to fnd a replacement. Rerouting of control cables is often the only vertical-shaft challenge. Cranks aft matc . The crankshaft length, diameter and shape is the dimension that poses the greatest challenge. When you’re lucky, the crank is just a “standard” round shaft with a keyway. The diameter starts at 5/8 inch for the smallest engines, then rises to 1 inch. You can usually fnd adapters to increase crank diameter on eBay or from a large industrial or electric-motor supply house. Our failing 5-hp Briggs has a 1-inch crank, thicker than the

standard ¾-inch for that size of engine. We found the adapter we needed. It came with a “stepped” key that would ft the 3 ⁄16 -inch crankshaft keyway as well as the ¼ inch required by the rotor on our chipper-shredder. Also shown is a ½-to-1-inch adapter for another project. If your crank is not standard and/ or straight, start with the parts list for your specifc model of engine. Use the type number to fnd the crankshaft part number. Use your local small-engine merchant or the site to locate your engine’s crankshaft drawings. Chances are the crankshaft itself will be obsolete. But if there’s joy in the world, you can fnd a new engine with a crank that matches exactly. You have very little wiggle room, especially for tapered crankshafts used in electrical generators. Mounting mat Once you have located a candidate with the right crankshaft, zoom back to your dimension drawings and verify that it has the proper mounting points — through-holes in the base or tapped mounting holes in the crank-face of the engine. Our replacement engine had only four holes in each location, and they match the old pattern. Many replacement engines will have 8, 10 or 12 bolt patterns in the crank-face. There are often more holes on the sides to mount electric starters and other accessories. Service access and repair parts. The engine in the photo has oil drain and fll on two sides, came with a long-tube wrench to get at the spark plug and has a simple sponge air flter. Routine service should be easy. But parts are an open question. The maker is Chongquing Rato Power Manufacturing Corp. of China. The engine cost less than $110, including freight. The crank adapter cost $20. Can that engine really do the job? What if it needs a carburetor kit? At the end of this series, we’ll report on our experience. Until then, we’ll take a look at why and how small engines have changed so much in the last decade.

Scott R. Nesbitt is a freelance writer and former GCSAA staff member. He lives in Cleveland, Ga.

Kaelyn Seymour twitter: @GCSAA


Supers spend day in D.C.

“The atmosphere at National Golf Day was that of high energy, camaraderie and purpose.” — Zach Bauer



On May 21, several members of the GCSAA Board of Directors and the members of the association’s Government Relations Committee will converge on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., for the 2014 National Golf Day. National Golf Day is organized by the We Are Golf coalition, which was formed by GCSAA, the Club Managers Association of America, the PGA of America and the National Golf Course Owners Association. Zach Bauer attended National Golf Day last year, which was his frst year on the Government Relations Committee, and he is enthusiastic about describing his experience as a frst-timer. “National Golf Day was an eye-opening and incredible opportunity,” he says. “To see so many professionals from the golf industry come together for the common good of the game was inspiring. The atmosphere at National Golf Day was that of high energy, camaraderie and purpose.” Bauer, who is the superintendent at Broadmoor Golf Club in Colorado Springs, Colo., and a 14-year member of GCSAA, was also surprised by the large scale of the event and the participation of the association within the event. “I was pleased to see GCSAA’s presence everywhere,” he says. Travis Moore joined the Government Relations Committee in 2012 and made his frst trip to Washington that year. The GCSAA Class A superintendent at Ridgewood Country Club in Waco, Texas, Moore describes his frst National Golf Day as “eye-opening and impressive. It was a very fast-paced couple of days, and it was certainly educational to get a frsthand look at the inner workings of our government.” When asked about the importance of National Golf Day, Moore says, “National Golf Day is important, because it lets GCSAA and our allied organizations spread the good word about golf. Golf has a good story to tell, and our elected offcials need to hear that story as often as possible.” Both Moore and Bauer agree that having a presence in Washington during National Golf Day is important. “Golf will always be a target in the political arena. The priority issues that we are concerned with today will be different tomorrow. If GCSAA does not

Members of GCSAA and other associations related to golf made a strong showing at the 2013 National Golf Day. GCM fle photo

support and maintain an active voice in DC, then we, along with the rest of the golf industry, will be left behind,” says Moore, who then repeats the words of former Government Relations Committee chairman Rafael Barajas, CGCS: “If you’re not at the table, you’re on the menu.” While National Golf Day is not open to the full membership of GCSAA, there are plenty of ways to be involved with GCSAA’s advocacy efforts on that day. Tweet messages to members of Congress using the hashtag #NGD14 and that will support the conversations happening on Capitol Hill. Email or call your congressional offce to let your representatives know it is National Golf Day. Explain to them the numerous benefts of golf to their congressional district. You can identify your representatives and fnd National Golf Day talking points in the new Government Relations section of The 2014 National Golf Day promises to be as exciting as those in previous years. GCSAA staff, board and Government Relations Committee members will be carrying forward the association’s advocacy efforts. The committee will hold its regular meeting the day before National Golf Day and plans to spend time talking about the many new government relations offerings coming to GCSAA members in 2014 and ways to enhance GCSAA’s government relations efforts into the year 2020.

Kaelyn Seymour is GCSAAÕs government relations specialist.

Bunny Smith twitter: @GCM_Magazine


Party like a green star Suppose you threw a party and 500,000 people showed up? That’s what happens every winter when Jeff Plotts, the GCSAA Class A director of golf course operations at TPC Scottsdale (Ariz.) gets ready for the PGA Tour’s Waste Management Phoenix Open (WMPO). It is offcially the best-attended golf tournament in the world; in fact, says Plotts, the only outdoor spectator event that is larger is the Olympics. That makes the achievement in both 2013 and 2014 of diverting 100 percent of all waste generated during the event at TPC Scottsdale to recycling, composting or energy even more outstanding. For its efforts, the WMPO has won the Top Project Award from the environmental and energy management news journal Environmental Leader. “This project demonstrates what can be achieved when you intentionally apply design to achieve sustainability goals,” the journal’s project awards judge states. “The entire event, from conceptualization to execution on a large scale, was a big success.” According to Houston-based environmental services provider Waste Management, the tournament’s title sponsor since 2010, and Thunderbirds Charities, which organizes the event to beneft needy children and families in the Phoenix area, the 100 percent diversion rate was attained by sending 86 percent of ma-

Presented in Partnership with Aquatrols



The Waste Management logo on No. 18 at TPC Scottsdale is composed of 140,000 used golf balls. Photo courtesy of WMPO

terials to composting/recycling facilities and 14 percent of materials converted to waste-to-energy. Energy management goals for the tournament were met via a commitment to renewable energy (wind, solar, biomass), use of innovative tactics (gray water from concession kitchens reused in portable toilets to save water), solar arrays (powered the hospitality tent on No. 18) and transportation vehicles (63 percent of vehicles operated on alternative fuels). Plotts, who has been a GCSAA member for 20 years, says that planning for the 2015 edition of the tournament began while 2014 WMPO champ Kevin Stadler was teeing off for the fnal round. The 36-hole facility’s 65 full-time staff members participate in “think tanks” that try to anticipate every conceivable need — from the type of recyclable scrim used to wrap the temporary structures to reusable beer mugs. And when the last golf fan leaves, the task of dismantling “The Greenest Show on Grass” with a goal of diverting 100 percent of the waste is just as daunting. “Everything you can think of has to be sorted,” Plotts says. “Until you do this, you have no idea what a feat it is.” Waste Management reports that, in addition to demonstrating environmental stewardship, the WMPO’s total economic impact in 2013 was $231.7 million, including over $6 million in 2013 charitable donations. That was the year the event set a PGA Tour single-day

ÒItÕs pretty remarkable what weÕre capable of accomplishing Ñ all for something that lasts for just one week.Ó Ñ Jeff Plotts attendance record with 179,022 fans on Saturday, Feb. 2. This year, the WMPO set a tournament week attendance record of 563,008 fans, whose cheers and jeers fll the temporary amphitheater that is constructed every year on the Stadium Course’s 16th hole. “It’s just that big,” says Plotts. “For at least six months out of the year, we deal with this event. It’s pretty remarkable what we’re capable of accomplishing — all for something that lasts for just one week.” Bunny Smith is GCM’s senior managing editor.

High concentrations of salt in your soil disrupts osmosis, efectively sucking needed water away from turf roots. This leads to rapid wilting, reduced shoot growth and leaf tip burn. Aquaplex Amino速 sprayable osmotic regulator works within the plant to balance osmotic potential, improving water and nutrient uptake and minimizing the impact of stress caused by high EC.

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Do you know why?

In the end, qualifcations, experience and education levels don’t determine who is hired — it is the candidate who connects with the decision-makers in a deeper, more meaningful way.



Upon learning which candidate was hired for a job opening, we often discover that the selection committee agreed all fnalists were well-qualifed, but in the end they chose the candidate that best ft their particular golf club or facility. Sometimes they even refer to “going with their gut instinct.” What does this really mean? What can you do to address this reality? One powerful strategy is to answer w . Answering the why questions can be the key to standing out beyond the facts and fgures to be the candidate their gut tells them is the best choice. Why do you want this particular job? Why should we hire you? You must be able to articulate well-thought-out answers to these and several other “why” questions if you want to advance your career in the golf and turf industry. Some “why” questions will be asked in an interview setting, but most will never be asked, even though they exist in the minds of hiring committee members. Start by offering answers to “why” questions in all phases of conducting your job search. For example, in your cover letter, convey why you want to work at that particular facility. Every golf course member and golfer thinks their facility is special — you need to express why you think it is too. If you are seeking a job in a different region of the country, offer a brief explanation of why you want to live in that location so the reader isn’t wondering why you want to move there. My experience with GCSAA members is that you are passionate about what you do; you are professionals in business, fnance and staff leadership — all this without being stuck in a cubicle. Right? Don’t forget to convey that passion and love for your profession to prospective employers. Why do you do what you do? Why do you want to be a superintendent? You can incorporate answers into your cover letter, résumé and interview, both subtly and overtly. Career portfolios are an excellent way to convey these points because you can expand beyond the traditional career documents. For example, most career portfolios contain a bio or career summary, which is an excellent venue to provide the reader with insight about how you got started in the industry and a glimpse into your work values and character. During the interview, it is crucial that

you prepare and answer the “why” questions — both verbalized and, more importantly, non-verbalized. Many times, as I am helping clients prepare for an upcoming interview, they will not have strong answers to questions such as, “Why should we choose you? Why are you the best candidate to be trusted with the largest asset at our particular facility?” You must articulate authentic, substantiated answers to these types of questions. Even if interviewers don’t ask these specifc questions, incorporate these concepts into your answers to assure you are going beyond facts and fgures. Remember: All candidates interviewed are well-qualifed to take the reins or they wouldn’t have been selected for the interview phase, so now it is all about that intangible gut instinct. In the end, qualifcations, experience and education levels don’t determine who is hired — it is the candidate who connects with the decision-makers in a deeper, more meaningful way. Taking the time to thoughtfully consider w and implementing your answers into your career documents, communications and interview strategy will put you on a winning pathway to advance your career in the golf and turf industry.

Carol D. Rau, PHR is a career consultant with GCSAA and is the owner of Career Advantage, a career consulting frm in Lawrence, Kan., specializing in golf and turf industry careers. GCSAA members receive complimentary résumé critiques by Rau and her team, résumé and cover letter creation for a reduced member rate, along with interview preparation and portfolio consultation.

Bunny Smith twitter: @GCM_Magazine


The cost of water business Is it the end of a beautiful friendship? For the past three decades or so, whenever the upscale city of Naples, Fla., needed somewhere for its treated wastewater to go so it wouldn’t have to be dumped into Naples Bay, it called on its many golf courses to help. But a proposed set of new rates and fees for reclaimed water have the area’s golf course superintendents rethinking the cost of cooperation. The city council has already endorsed and is scheduled to vote later this month on a new plan to adjust all water rates to help pay for expanding its wastewater treatment system, and the price golf courses and other bulk users pay for irrigating with reclaimed water could rise by anywhere from 4 percent to 58 percent — or more. The cost for area golf courses depends on several factors, says the city’s utilities department director, Bob Middleton. First, the rate for reclaimed water will shift from 41 cents per 1,000 gallons for all bulk users to 45 cents for users without storage lakes and 39 cents for users with storage. Second, the city will add a “base charge” for all customers that have a reclaimed water connection: $500 per month for a 6-inch meter or $800 per month for an 8-inch meter. Third, users located outside the city limits will now pay a 25 percent surcharge for delivery of reclaimed water. Middleton says the city adjusted all water rates, including rates for reclaimed water, to help fund a $9 million expansion of the system over the next three years to deliver treated wastewater for irrigation use by all property owners, conserve potable water and reduce discharge into the bay. The increased charges for bulk users of reclaimed water will cover only 27 percent of the actual capital costs



The wastewater treatment plant in Naples, Fla. Photo courtesy of of construction, with the remainder coming from sewer fees, Middleton adds. According to estimates by Burton & Associates, the consultants who prepared the new water rate study for the city, the price that Moorings Country Club pays for its reclaimed water could increase by nearly $500 per month, or 58 percent. “That’s a pretty hefty increase,” says Dale Walters, CGCS, the superintendent at the 40acre facility, who notes that higher water rates often force clubs to hike greens fees and cut budgets and staff. For Bill Davidson, CGCS, at the Country Club of Naples, the news is worse: The club, which lies outside the city limits and doesn’t store reclaimed water onsite, has two 6-inch reclaimed water meters. When the new water rates, meter base charges and surcharges are added up, the CC of Naples’ monthly bill climbs by 125 percent. “The city uses golf courses to store as much water as they can. We’ve always said yes and taken the water — which we pay for, of course,” Davidson points out. “We’ve had a good, long-standing relationship, but it seems like we have to continually educate every new city council member that they need us as much as we need them.” Middleton says, “We depend on the bulk customers because they do take a lot of water, particularly during the rainy season, when others can’t. We want to give them a good

quality of water — as much as they can take and at a good rate.” The superintendents say the quality of the reclaimed water was once an issue that cost their golf courses money to repair damage to turf when saltwater infltrated the pipelines. The city spent $4 million to repair the lines and improve quality, Middleton answers. The rising cost of water for irrigation in Naples refects the rising cost of doing business at golf courses everywhere, but the superintendents in the self-proclaimed “Golf Capital of the World” don’t think the new rate plan is fair. “We don’t mind paying our fair share, but the cost to deliver me a gallon of water is nowhere near the same as delivering it to the average homeowner,” Davidson says. “We have to have water, but we’re a business, not a cash cow.” Bunny Smith is GCM’s senior managing editor.




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early four years ago, Imprelis surfaced as a broadleaf weed control option that some say was as good as it gets. The product, though, created serious, long-lasting issues that still are being resolved. Howard Richman

Photos courtesy of Kathy Zuzek, University of Minnesota Extension. Photo illustration by Kelly Neis

Imprelis appeared to be a gamechanger. Unlike some herbicides, where the smell lingers throughout the day, Imprelis was different: It was odorless.

When Imprelis was introduced, Hillcrest Country Club superintendent Joe Aholt never had seen anything like it for broadleaf weed control. “It was a miracle product,” says Aholt, a 20-year member of GCSAA. It took just 2 ounces per acre of Imprelis to eradicate weeds at the Boise, Idaho, course, Aholt says, and it performed admirably. “You knew within a month the weed would be gone,” Aholt says. “You had to be patient with it, but it worked. You could spray it in rain, cold, heat. It was the cleanest my course had been, ever.” Imprelis appeared to be a game-changer. Like Aholt, others applauded its effectiveness. Unlike some herbicides, where the smell lingers throughout the day, Imprelis was different: It was odorless. Today, years after being removed from the market, Imprelis remains visible. Imprelis — the herbicide, created by DuPont for professional use on golf courses, residential areas and institutional lawns — is no longer available for sale. It has been that way for quite a while. DuPont voluntarily pulled Imprelis from the market in August 2011 before the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a mandatory stop-sale order on Imprelis after being alerted of numerous reports from golf courses to nurseries that the product was suspected of injuring and, in some cases, killing trees. Norway spruce, white pines and honey locust proved to be among the species of trees that were susceptible. In October 2013, a settlement was reached in a class-action lawsuit against E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co. (DuPont) over Imprelis. More than three-dozen class-action lawsuits originally were fled in multiple federal courts throughout the U.S. Ultimately, the class-action lawsuits were consolidated and transferred into one case and entered into the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. In some instances, golf courses settled their claims directly with DuPont. Three classes were established in the settlement. Class 1 included property owners who own or owned property in the U.S.; Class 2 was applicators (lawn care professionals); and Class 3 included golf courses and other Imprelis self-applicators. They were eligible to be part of the claim if they used Imprelis between Aug. 31, 2010, and Aug. 21, 2011, as long as they submitted or accepted a claim through the manufacturer’s Imprelis Claims Resolution Process. New York and California were not included because Imprelis was not approved for use in those states. Approximately 38,000 claims have been submitted through the Imprelis Claims Resolution Process, DuPont spokesman Gregg Schmidt told GCM in March. DuPont estimates there will be $1.175 billion in total charges to compensate customers, according to Schmidt. States that participated in the class-action lawsuit were Connecticut, Delaware, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota and Wisconsin. Settlements vary in scope and payouts, according to published reports. Two examples: e Owatonna People’s Press in Owatonna, Minn., reported that the city received a check last year from DuPont for $1.85 million for damage to trees at Brooktree Golf Course. Lake County Forest Preserve District in Illinois received nearly $836,000 from DuPont for damages, according to the C icago Tribune. “We are pleased with the progress we have made in resolving claims for damage,” Schmidt says via email. “To date, we have made offers of resolution to approximately 90 percent of claimants.” GCM attempted to speak with several superintendents and others in the industry for this story. Some, because of claims that have not yet been processed, declined, a sure signal that Imprelis has not completely vanished from the radar. What’s in a name? For years, DuPont was committed to superintendents through its work with major universities for turf feld research. DuPont regularly disseminated its research through sales representatives, associations, distributors, webcasts and one-on-one meetings. For example, in 2010 DuPont updated its Weevil Trak website, which offered superintendents more features to help control annual bluegrass weevil. Also that year, the EPA conditionally registered aminocyclopyrachlor. That is the active ingredient in Imprelis. According to the EPA website, “the studies originally submitted were adequate to make a statutory fnding for registration.” The EPA determined aminocyclopyrachlor was a “selective, low-toxicity herbicide that pro-



Invest in Certification

Invest in You You are good at your job as a golf course manager. You know that keeping up with the latest changes in the industry requires a never-ending quest for knowledge. Earning GCSAA’s Certifed Golf Course Superintendent designation (CGCSSM) can provide you with the knowledge and skills needed to meet the demands of your profession.

Take the first step towards achieving this success. Call us at 800.472.7878 to develop your plan for achieving certification.

A mature white spruce shows signs of damage from Imprelis.

When it came into contact with certain tree roots, particularly shallow, succulent roots, some of the results proved to be traumatic.



vides pre- and post-emergent control of broadleaf weeds, woody species, vines and grasses on several non-food use sites, such as rights of way, wildlife management areas, recreational areas, turf/lawns, golf courses and sod farms.” The EPA also stated that DuPont conducted “roughly 400 effcacy and phytotoxicity feld trials” and that “they (DuPont) reported to EPA that they did not observe adverse effects to trees.” Imprelis posed minimal risks to people and pets. Before Imprelis was made available, Scott McElroy, Ph.D., an associate professor of turfgrass and weed science at Auburn University, participated in research trials of aminocyclopyrachlor about eight years ago when he was an assistant professor of plant sciences at the University of Tennessee. He says its broadleaf control in tall fescue was outstanding. “It’s still probably the best broadleaf control herbicide I ever worked with,” McElroy says. “Don’t get me wrong. We still have some great herbicides. But for a single active ingredient at low rates and with the ability to control a wide spectrum, specifcally cool-season turf, there’s nothing like it.” Labeled for use rates of 3.0 to 4.5 fuid ounces per acre, Imprelis was made to be absorbed into the ground and destroy the root system of weeds. But when it came into contact with certain tree roots, particularly shallow, succulent roots, some of the results proved to be traumatic. The signs appeared in different ways. Needles on frs turned orange or brown. Leaves curled up. Some fell to the ground. Tips of branches and buds showed stress. Tumor-like growths appeared. As part of its investigation into reports of possible damage to trees, the EPA sought to de-

termine whether the damage was a “result of product misuse, inadequate warnings and use directions on the product label, persistence in soil and plant material, uptake of the product through the root systems and absorbed into the plant tissue, environmental factors, potential runoff issues or other possible causes.” DuPont responded with action following the onslaught of damage claims. The company established open lines of communications for customers. It engaged multiple independent, certifed arborist companies to work with customers and evaluate their claims. Among the companies that DuPont listed for those fling claims under its Qualifed Tree Replacement process was one that is well-known to golf course superintendents, The Davey Tree Expert Co., who agreed to pricing and terms for tree replacement included in the Claims Resolution Agreement (CRA) that DuPont established. Davey, as did other arborist companies, agreed to provide a limited warranty for the trees that the company plants. One superintendent tells GCM the tree recovery process included slow-release fertilizers, pest treatments and pruning. As part of the CRA, DuPont announced it would pay for care programs and replanting. The company also provided a two-year warranty to program participants for all replacement trees and paid for efforts to assist recovery of other trees impacted by Imprelis use. DuPont launched a website, http://, to feature the latest information and provide an avenue to report problems to the company. DuPont also started a toll-free hotline to handle concerns. More than one superintendent told GCM that DuPont was helpful and followed through during the claims process.

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fungicide &insecticide

Below: One of the signs of Imprelis damage in white pine is stress or death of the tips of branches. Right: Tumor-like growths on a honey locust indicate damage in this species.

“I think in the future, product testing will be strengthened. Probably because of it, I don’t foresee it ever happening again.” — Jared Hoyle, Ph.D.



The size of a settlement depended on the size of the tree. For example, a 1-foot-tall tree was $30; a tree 96 to 100 feet high equaled $19,000. DuPont asked those who were making claims to document damage by taking digital photos prior to removal. DuPont compensated golf courses for removal and disposal of impacted evergreen trees unlikely to recover. DuPont also offered credits or refunds, depending on a distributor’s policy, on unused Imprelis. Imprelis had a short shelf life. It was introduced in August 2010. Twelve months later, it was gone. Late in 2012, Syngenta announced that it had acquired the DuPont Professional Products insecticides business, which included the brands Acelepryn, Advion and Provaunt. The closing price for the acquisition was $125 million. That same year was DuPont’s last one as a Silver Partner through GCSAA’s Partner Recognition Program. As a Silver Partner from 2008 to 2012, DuPont spent a minimum of $100,000 in support of GCSAA member services and programs. DuPont also was a member in the Champions Club of GCSAA’s philanthropic organization, the Environmental Institute for Golf (EIFG). DuPont was recognized as a member of the Champions Club for the cumulative total of its contributions to the EIFG ($250,000 to $499,999) since 1987. Part of DuPont’s contribution included donation of products to the EIFG’s Silent Auction.

Moving forward In some cases, spaces where trees have been removed because of Imprelis are no longer vacant, another symbol of the healing process for an issue that rocked the industry. “They are replanting on some sites where trees have been removed without any problem,” says Kathy Zuzek, assistant extension professor for the University of Minnesota. Imprelis, if anything, serves as a cautionary tale for manufacturers and superintendents. Jared Hoyle, Ph.D., an assistant professor in horticulture, forestry and recreational services at Kansas State University, imagines the Imprelis saga could beneft the industry down the road. “I think in the future, product testing will be strengthened,” Hoyle says. “Probably because of it, I don’t foresee it ever happening again.” At The Country Club of Muirfeld Village in Dublin, Ohio, GCSAA Class A superintendent Dave Gribler encountered issues with some of his trees because of Imprelis. He anticipates, and welcomes, the day when he can fully focus on what happens below his feet. “I spend too much time looking up instead of looking down at the ground,” Gribler says. Howard Richman ( is GCM’s associate editor.

LM 315


Contact Your Local Baroness Dealer!


S e

This year’s seed update in GCM will probably seem rather brief to longtime readers of the magazine. In fact, the number of new varieties is down by more than half — 17 varieties for 2014 compared to 36 in 2013. Not surprisingly, a number of factors have contributed to the decline, and many of the reasons cited by industry sources are very familiar. Most explanations for the decrease in new varieties involve the word “cyclic.” As explained by many in the industry, the release of new seed varieties is cyclic, driven by the release of data from the National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP). New NTEP trials begin every six years. Bentgrass trials and most fine fescue trials ended last year and new ones are beginning in fall 2014, which means that most creeping bentgrass and fine fescue releases from the recently completed trials have already been published, and it will be a few years before new cultivars are available. Another oft-cited reason for the decline in new varieties is the economic decline that began in 2008 and resulted in the closure of many golf courses and a reduction in new housing and landscaping (new housing starts also tend to be cyclic) — all of which adversely affected the market for turfgrass seed. The economic decline resulted in full warehouses for seed companies, reduced research budgets and a reluctance to introduce new cultivars to a shrinking market. Although seed supplies are currently not strong, companies are still reluctant to take the risk of introducing new cultivars. As Doug Brede, director of research for Jacklin Seed by Simplot, explains, “Right now we are slowly crawling out of a recession which has backed up a lot of new varieties in the storage shed rather than have them released into a market that’s not quite healthy enough to receive them.” A significant factor in seed production is the number of acres available to seed producers. In recent years, growers have been reluctant to plant grasses rather than more lucrative crops like wheat and corn. Leah Brilman, Ph.D., director of product management and technical services for DLF Pickseed, points out that tall fescue is still not in full production in Oregon because it is competing for acreage with filberts (hazelnuts), wheat and berries. In Oregon’s Columbia Basin, 25 to 50 percent of the acreage that was once used to grow turfgrass is no longer available. Weather is obviously another concern for seed companies and farmers. In 2013, Mother Nature was particularly hard on seed growers and yields were low. Brilman says that a lack of rain in August followed by excessive rain later in the season along with a cold winter led to the current depleted inventories of fine fescue and perennial ryegrass. In addition, the low perennial ryegrass inventory is expected to be stretched as repairs are made to golf courses and home lawns that suffered winterkill. Overall, turfgrass seed is currently in short supply and prices are somewhat high. On the bright side, however, conditions appear favorable for a good harvest in 2014 if rainfall is adequate. All the companies contacted urge customers to plan ahead and order seed as soon as possible. Brilman says, “If you want seed for August, beginning of September, you should order it now.” — Teresa Carson, GCM’s senior science editor


Each year GCM publishes a list of new named turfgrass varieties scheduled for release by turfgrass seed companies in the United States. The varieties in the 2014 seed update have either been released since the publication of last yearÕs seed update or they will be released later this year. GCM makes every effort to avoid publishing descriptions of varieties that have been published in previous years. Turfgrass species are presented in alphabetical order, and varieties are arranged alphabetically within a species. An experimental name or number in parentheses may follow the varietal name. These experimental designations may be used to identify the varieties in research reports such as those published by the National Turfgrass Evalution Program (NTEP). The companies that market the varieties provide the information and photographs published in the update. Additional information is available from the companies and the research organizations listed on Page 60.


Quickston, DLF-International Seeds • seed available fall 2014 • dark green color, comparable to many perennial ryegrasses • improved tiller density for high turf quality • fne leaf texture • improved mowing quality • superior transition in southern overseeding • excellent nurse grass in northern locations with permanent turf • University of Arizona


Greentime, DLF-International Seeds • seed available fall 2014 • excellent fairway turf quality • high resistance to dollar spot, take-all, red thread, snow mold, brown patch



• • • • •

dark green color and fne leaf texture excellent cold tolerance high wear tolerance superior heat stress tolerance 2003 & 2008 Bentgrass NTEP Fairway Trial • Rutgers Turfgrass Proceedings


Blue Coat (AKB 2282), Columbia Seeds • seed available • excellent density • great wear tolerance • high resistance to summer patch • type yet to be determined • 2011 NTEP Dauntless (A05-315), Columbia Seeds • seed available • great density • good turf uniformity • excellent rust resistance • type yet to be determined • 2011 NTEP

Keeneland (A04-342), DLF-International Seeds • limited seed available fall 2014 • America-type cultivar • superior turf quality • dark green color into the winter • early spring green-up and growth • excellent wear tolerance and recovery • superior drought and stress tolerance • fne leaf texture and superior density • 2011 NTEP • Rutgers Turfgrass Proceedings Rubix (4S2W), Columbia Seeds • seed available • great summer density • excellent rust resistance • type yet to be determined • 2011 NTEP

V8, Jacklin Seed by Simplot • limited seed available, expected to be sold out by summer’s end • virtually immune to dollar spot • bred for high performance at 0.10-inch mowing height • leafy, basal growth habit • fne blades, high density, medium green color • NTEP


ASP1001GL, Allied Seed LLC • seed available now • excellent winter performance • very dense, uniform turf • genetic dark green color • improved mowing quality • superior overall turf quality • increased resistance to gray leaf spot • 2010-2013 North Carolina State University Overseeding Trials

• excellent overseeding performance and transition • superior traffc tolerance • high turf quality • 2010 NTEP

Pinnacle III ( Lp 10970 ), Barenbrug USA • limited quantity available fall 2014 • dark green color • tolerates fairway cutting heights • strong gray leaf spot resistance • very strong traffc tolerance and recovery • Southeast Turfgrass Research Center, Ky. • 2010 NTEP

Diligent (IS-PR-492), DLF-International Seed • seed available fall 2014 • excellent gray leaf spot, brown patch and red thread resistance • superior seedling vigor • very dark green color that extends into spring and fall • superior traffc tolerance • high performance in overseeding trials • high turf quality • 2010 NTEP

Principal (PPG-PR201), Columbia Seeds • seed available fall 2014 • dark green color • early vigor • resistance to winter brown blight • good leaf spot resistance

Hancock (IS-PR-479), DLF-International Seeds • available fall 2014 • very dark green color • high tiller density • very wear tolerant • fne leaf texture • excellent dollar spot and gray leaf spot reistance • excellent salinity tolerance • high turf quality • 2010 NTEP

SR 4660ST (SRX-4MSH), Seed Research of Oregon • seed available fall 2014 • superior mature plant and seedling salt tolerance • excellent wear tolerance and recovery for sports turf • very high gray leaf spot and brown patch resistance • excellent drought tolerance with rapid recovery • superior overseeding performance and transition • early spring green-up and low-temperature growth • high turf quality

Monsieur (IS-PR-488), DLF-International Seeds • seed available fall 2014 • excellent gray leaf spot and brown patch resistance • high summer stress tolerance and transition zone performance • excellent drought tolerance and quick recovery




Chantilly (IS-FRR-62), DLF-International Seeds • seed available fall 2014 • excellent turf quality • resistance to invasion by Poa annua and other weeds • very high resistance to red thread and leaf spot • dark green color • improved persistence • 2008 Fine-Leaf Fescue NTEP • 2012 CTBT Fine Fescue Test

RoseCity (IS-FRR-51), DLF-International Seeds • seed available fall 2014 • high turf quality • excellent resistance to dollar spot and leaf spot • excellent wear tolerance and recovery • improved persistence • 2008 Fine-Leaf Fescue NTEP • Rutgers Turfgrass Proceedings


Bearcat (PST 5V4), Barenbrug USA • limited quantities available spring 2014 • medium green color • full sun to moderate shade tolerance • very strong brown patch resistance • very good heat tolerance • deep rooted • Pure-Seed Testing, Oregon, North Carolina • Rutgers University • Cooperative Turfgrass Breeders Test: Missouri, Minnesota, Kentucky, Arkansas, California


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RESEARCH RESOURCES Cooperative Turfgrass Breeders Test (CTBT)

Company contact: Chip Garner 888-359-0360 phone 919-359-2359 fax 489 Blue Pond Road Clayton, NC 27520 html

Barenbrug USA

Beltsville Agricultural Research Center-West 301-504-5125 phone 301-504-5167 fax 2011 Kentucky Bluegrass Trials: kb11_13-1/kb11_13-1.htm

Company contact: John Rector 800-547-4101 phone 541-926-9435 fax P.O. Box 239 Tangent, OR 97389

Columbia Seeds Company contact: Kirsten Wade 541-757-1468 phone 541-757-1479 fax 887 NW Grant Ave. Corvallis, OR 97330

DLF-International Seeds Company contact: Richard Myers 541-369-2251 phone P.O. Box 229 175 West H Street Halsey, OR 97348

National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP)

North Carolina State University Grady Miller, Ph.D. 2010-2013 N.C. State Overseeding Trials

Pure-Seed Testing Inc. Crystal Rose-Fricker, Plant Breeder 503-651-2130 P.O. Box 449 Hubbard, OR 97032

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

William Meyer, Ph.D. Rutgers School of Environmental Company contact: Julie Tobler and Biological Sciences Department of Plant Biology and 208-773-7581 phone Pathology 208-773-4846 fax 59 Dudley Road 5300 W. Riverbend Ave. New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520 Post Falls, ID 83854 Seed Research of Oregon reports/index.html Company contact: Bill Dunn Southeast Turfgrass 800-253-5766 phone Research Center, Ky. P.O. Box 325 33095 Highway 99E Tangent, OR 97389 University of Arizona David Kopec, Ph.D. 520-318-7142 phone School of Plant Sciences 303 Forbes Bldg. P.O. Box 210036 Tucson, AZ 85721-0036

Jacklin Seed by Simplot



AT THE TURN By David J. Kuypers

Photo illustrations by


Sometimes, the problem is you A Canadian superintendent applies his study of bias in decision-making to golf course management.

Some decisions are made with the assumption that they will have little impact and they turn out to have a long-lasting legacy, positive or negative.



Decision-making is such a common occurrence that it often goes unnoticed: What shall I have for breakfast? What route shall I take to work? The blue shirt, the black shirt or the darker blue shirt today? For a golf course superintendent, many daily decisions pass with little thought and likely little impact. Other decisions can have signifcant and far-reaching impacts on the health of the turf, the performance of the golf course as a business or simply the appearance or presentation of the golf course. Some decisions are made with the assumption that they will have little impact and they turn out to have a long-lasting legacy, positive or negative. For a superintendent who has to make decisions while managing an ever-changing natural environment, the decisionmaking process can become quite complex as many different — often opposing — infuences are considered. Mark McKinney details the intricate, often mutually exclusive relationship among these forces in “The Superintendent Triangle” (USGA Green Section Record, Vol. 5, Sept. 20, 2013) and offers numerous examples to be found in golf course management: the decision to mow greens following a day of heavy rain may elevate the satisfaction of the players in an event that day, but at an immediate cost to the health of the turf; or the decision to withhold an application of fungicide to fairways will reduce the expenses that the business incurs that month, but at a cost to the overall appearance and playability of the golf course. The reality is that all decision-making involves an element of risk that needs to be identifed

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As part of the process there is another, more insidious issue that is inherent in decision-making: bias.



and weighed as part of the process; for a superintendent, it is common to have to make a decision that balances risks to the agronomic, fnancial and aesthetic needs of the golf course. As part of the process there is another, more insidious issue that is inherent in decision-making: bias. Everybody has biases but they are not all the same. Biases are created through life experience, failures, successes, fears and assumptions, and they impact how information is processed and how risk is evaluated. For a manager who must make decisions that can dramatically affect multiple aspects of a business, like a golf course operation, being aware of decision-making bias and working to minimize the impact can be worthwhile. Back to basics The study of bias originated in neoclassical economic theory. Economics seeks to predict the behavior of markets based on the actions of individual investors. Problems would arise when economic models would expect individual investors to act rationally all the time, making the prediction of the markets, and therefore economic performance, possible (assuming the protection of the rule of law and equal access to information and opportunity). The reality was that individuals did not always act rationally (in fact, they rarely do), and therefore economic prediction was diffcult. The culprit was the “heuristic biases” held by the individual decision-makers — fawed methods of thinking or learning that are inherent in all people become internalized and impact thinking and decision-making without notice by the individual (from Niall Ferguson’s “The Ascent of Money,” 2008,

Penguin Books). • Availability bias: decisions are made based on the information that is known as opposed to the information that is required. • Hindsight bias: an assumption is made that there is a greater probability of an event reoccurring, particularly if there were negative consequences. Decisions are made to protect against the likelihood of the reoccurrence even though the actual likelihood of the reoccurrence is very low. • Induction bias: broad rules are applied to decisions or data that are not relevant to the data or the decision being made. • Disjunction bias: overestimating the probability that multiple, high-probability events will all happen while underestimating the probability that one, low-probability event will happen. • Confrmation bias: accepting data that confrms a previously held hypothesis while rejecting any data that would contradict it. • Affect bias: making decisions based on preconceived value judgments that interfere with the assessment of data and the probable outcomes of the decision. • Scope bias: an abnormally high value is assigned to a cost of a decision because the decision-maker is unwilling to sacrifce an asset. This frequently arises around discussions concerning tree removal. • Calibration bias: an assumption is made that the “best case” scenario is the most probable outcome. • Apathy bias: abdicating the individual responsibility of a decision to conform to the actions of a group so as not to be an outlier if the result of a particular decision is negative. For instance, choosing to remove snow from greens because nearby golf courses are also doing so. Managing biases An experienced superintendent has likely experienced all of these biases at some point while making decisions. That is because these biases are inherent to every decision-maker and to every decision-making process. These biases can apply to the process itself, the raw data being used, to the sources of that information or the evaluation of the risks/benefts. Therefore, they can be diffcult to identify and virtually impossible to eliminate. The desired goal is to be aware of these biases and to manage them, either through the process or through the individual, to mitigate


triPle CrOwn gOlf and t&O inseCtiCides ®

A revolutionary multi-action solution to help you reign over turf pests. Whether it’s a front yard or the front nine, your turf is your kingdom — and it’s up to you to vigilantly protect it from damaging pests. As part of our commitment to Customer-Driven Innovation, FMC developed Triple Crown® Golf and T&O insecticides featuring a multi-action formulation for fast-acting, long-lasting, broad spectrum control of above- and below-ground pests.

Three Active Ingredients, One Amazing Product With its unique combination of FMC bifenthrin, FMC zeta-cypermethrin and imidacloprid, Triple Crown controls pests with multiple modes of action. Triple Crown is the only product you need to protect your turf from destructive and dangerous insects. ■ Powerful chemistry in an innovative suspoemulsion formulation ■ Controls over 30 pests, including ants, fire ants, masked chafer grubs (Northern and Southern), European chafer grubs, chinch bugs, annual bluegrass weevils, ticks, mites, billbugs and more ■ Labeled for broadcast lawn treatments, mound treatments and applications to golf course turf* *Only Triple Crown Golf insecticide is labeled for golf course applications.

Among the Fastest Liquid Insecticides Available Triple Crown Golf and T&O insecticides have been proven to deliver fast-acting knockdown and kill of both above- and below-ground pests. As you can see from the chart on the left, Triple Crown is significantly faster than the competition against annual bluegrass weevil adults. And as the chart on the right shows, Triple Crown achieves faster results against damaging billbug adults.

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

adult bluegrass billbug COntrOl % Reduction of Damaging Adults

% Control

annual bluegrass weevil COntrOl

3 Hours

6 Hours

24 Hours

7 Days

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

After Treatment Rate /1,000 sq.ft.

Triple Crown® 0.46 0z

Acelepryn® 0.367 0z

Merit® 0.6 0z


Source: McGraw – Delhi, NY, 2013

Triple Crown Golf insecticide is a restricted use product.

24 Hours After Treatment

Rate /Acre

Triple Crown® 20 0z/A

Arena® 50 WDG 10 0z/A

Merit® 75 WP 6.5 0z/A

Aloft® LCSC 15 0z/A

Source: Richmond – Purdue University, 2013


Long-Lasting Residual Protection Formulated with FMC bifenthrin, the proven active ingredient found in Talstar,® it’s no surprise that Triple Crown delivers enduring residual protection. As you can see from the charts below, Triple Crown provides long-lasting control of southern chinch bugs, keeps mole cricket turf damage to low levels even 42 days after treatment and delivers strong residual control of masked chafer grubs at 98 days after treatment. mOle CriCket turf damage

29 DAT

58 DAT

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

masked CHafer COntrOl Average Number of Larvae per Plot

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Average Damage Rating (0=No Damage, 9=Severe Damage)

% Control

sOutHern CHinCH bug COntrOl

42 DAT

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

98 DAT

Rate /1,000 sq. ft.

Rate /1,000 sq. ft.

Rate /1,000 sq. ft.

Triple Crown® 0.8 0z

Aloft® 0.34 0z

Triple Crown® 0.8 0z

Aloft® 0.34 0z

Triple Crown® 0.8 0z

Acelepryn® 0.367 0z

Arena® 0.23 0z

Control Water

Triple Crown® 0.8 0z + NIS

TopChoice® 2 lbs

Arena® 50 WDG 10 0z/A

Untreated Control

Arena® 0.23 0z


Aloft® LCSC 15 0z/A

Source: Unruh – University of Florida, 2013

Source: Brandenburg – Raleigh, NC, 2013

Source: Brandenburg – Canton, NC, 2013

Multiple Forms of Action Triple Crown Golf and T&O insecticides work through contact, translaminar and systemic activity, making them valuable tools against sucking pests that feed on a plant’s vascular system as well as foliar-feeding insects. Above or below ground, there’s no escaping Triple Crown. Take this study for example. As this data shows, treatment with Triple Crown keeps annual bluegrass weevil larval densities below the spring damage threshold (30 larvae per square foot or less).

Spring Larval Density (# per sq.ft.) Damage Threshold

Average Number of Larvae per Square Foot

annual bluegrass weevil densities 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

70 DAT Triple Crown® 0.46 0z

Acelepryn® 0.367 0z

Merit® 0.6 0z

Water Rate /1,000 sq. ft.

Source: McGraw – Delhi, NY, 2013

One Insecticide to Rule Pests Triple Crown is the singular solution that combines fast knockdown, lasting residual and broad spectrum pest control with multiple modes of action. By eliminating the need to tank mix multiple products to control above- and below-ground pests, Triple Crown helps save time, money and shelf space. Your turf is your kingdom — protect it from pests with Triple Crown Golf and T&O insecticides.

For more on Triple Crown, visit or contact your FMC Market Specialist or local FMC Sales Agent.

FMC Turf


FMC Turf

Triple Crown Golf insecticide is a restricted use product. Always read and follow label directions. FMC, Talstar and Triple Crown are trademarks of FMC Corporation. Acelepryn and Meridian are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. ALOFT is a trademark of Arysta LifeScience North America LLC. Arena is a trademark of Sumitomo Chemical Company, Ltd. Merit and TopChoice are trademarks of Bayer. ©2014 FMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

their impact on the overall process (http:// The frst step is to identify the common biases within the individual decision-maker. A thorough, honest review of each decision-making process — good and bad — can determine where the faulty thinking or learning occurred. Once common biases are known, they can be searched out during future decision-making processes.

Assembling an internal or external team to act as a sounding board or as a contrarian also can help to reduce the impact of bias by bringing in additional information and perspective. It is helpful to remember that the biases these individuals will bring to the process will also need to be managed. Although a larger team can make the process more cumbersome, it can also elevate the decisionmaking process to a strategic level incorporating all of the necessary data and potential impacts. Often, decisions are made on an operational basis with very “low-level” perspective. By bringing in other team members with additional perspectives, the decision can be elevated to a higher, more strategic level that can evaluate the costs and benefts to the entire operation. This will require a greater effort at communication within and across departments in order to fully understand the available data as well as the potential risks and rewards of a decision.

The result can be a more informed and unifed team and a better (not easier) decisionmaking process.

David J. Kuypers is the GCSAA Class A superintendent at Cutten Fields in Burlington, Ontario, Canada. He is a 15-year member of the association.

Leo Feser award

CANDIDATE This article is eligible for the 2014 Leo Feser Award, presented annually since 1977 to the author of the best superintendent-written article published in GCM during the previous year. Superintendents receive a $300 stipend for articles. Feser Award winners receive an all-expenses-paid trip to the Golf Industry Show, where they are recognized. They also have their names engraved on a plaque permanently displayed at GCSAA headquarters.

AT THE TURN By John C. Fech, Ph.D.

Properly located, fruit-producing woody plants offer color and a food source for songbirds. Photos by John C. Fech/UNL


The right stuff The best approach to landscaping and planting ornamentals can be as easy as selecting the right plant for the right place.

In general, RPRP is relatively straightforward — it’s about installing the best plant for the site.

During the past 20 years or so, the concept of right plant, right place (RPRP) has been initiated, cultivated, enhanced and has evolved into a powerful and common-sense approach to plant material selection. Yet, as I speak to groups at various state turf conferences or the annual Golf Industry Show, I fnd many superintendents and assistant superintendents are hearing about the concept for the frst time. Images of Rip Van Winkle are the frst thing to come to my mind at this point, but then I step back and remind myself that I think that an Angry Bird is something that fies around my bird feeder looking for something to eat, and that an “app” is something you put on a fairway to encourage root and shoot growth. In general, RPRP is relatively straightforward — it’s about installing the best plant for the site, taking sun/shade, soil characteristics, pest history and many other factors into consideration. However, each component should be considered fully to obtain the best chance for success. Site analysis In order to fully reap the benefts of RPRP, it’s essential to start with a site assessment and analysis, then take the specifc outcomes into account when choosing plant materials. These initial steps are benefcial either before installation or when evaluating an established planting. In both cases, considering all aspects of the site is an immensely benefcial yet underutilized process. Site assessment and site analysis are different procedures, best thought of as the frst two steps



Top: Sun damage to perennials better suited to the shade. Bottom: Shrub roses offer season-long color, which is important for high-visibility locations.



in a site-review protocol. Simply, a site assessment involves examining and characterizing the status of each plant in the golfscape. The output is raw information, eventually used as a foundation for the analysis. Soon after the assessment is complete, site analysis is conducted involving the use of observations to diagnose the site, make value judgments about the importance of each and recommendations for action. Assessments can be conducted in various ways, but the basic plan is to walk the site with a clipboard and sketch the non-living (hardscape) objects and existing plants. As each one is encountered, comments such as “root fare damage to trunk” or “yellow leaves” are written in on the sketch. This may be done by section of the golfscape or over an entire hole depending on the number of items to document. In some scenarios, it’s easier to focus on specifc conditions when smaller areas are reviewed, yet a more overlapping and cohesive view can be helpful when larger areas are assessed. In other cases, it’s also useful to work in tandem with an arborist or horticulturist from a partnering business or university Extension; they may notice things that may have been overlooked otherwise. After the assessment is fnished, the analysis is next with special emphasis on consideration of the importance of each item noted in the assessment. For example, the plants in a shrub and perennial bed may be looking pale;

the analysis is to evaluate the benefts that the bed brings to the course and, therefore, the amount of time and money that is appropriate to devote to its maintenance. High-value plantings should be given more attention such as evaluation of the sprinkler system, planting depth or soil testing. A simple irrigation audit can be very instructive and reveal information relating to the performance of the plants including underwatering, overwatering or uneven water distribution. In this situation, recent weather conditions may have encouraged the development of pathogens that require a treatment program or replacement with disease-resistant cultivars. Less serious observations may be slated for future remediation. RPRP specifics The strength of RPRP is found in its straightforward yet multi-faceted considerations. Each component can have a signifcant impact on the severity of the maladies that arise in the golfscape as well as the overall aesthetic appeal of the course. A strong temptation exists to weight one or more of the components as more important than the others. True RPRP consideration occurs when each receives equal consideration. The following are some key factors to consider when going through an RPRP process: • Sun/shade requirements: Misplaced perennials, groundcovers and woody plants often produce weak or scorched growth in

Groundcover junipers help stabilize the slope along a path.

• •

• •

• • • •

response to being planted in too much or too little sun. Leaf color: Summer color as well as fall color are important aesthetic and design features. Mature/eventual size and shape: Nursery plants often look smallish and less than impressive at installation time. Fight the urge to make up for it by spacing them too closely. Winter appeal: Especially important for northern or Midwestern courses that celebrate Christmas or other winter holidays. Soil moisture: Adequate or inadequate drainage can either encourage vigorous root growth or predispose them to soilborne diseases. Soil pH: Many ornamentals such as pin oak, hydrangea and azalea are pH dependent for success. Disease resistance: This equates to lower maintenance for ornamental plantings. Playability problems: Groundcovers or perennial plants often facilitate lost golf balls, slowing down play. Flower/fruit/fragrance: Butterfies are always welcome, but bees can be a real nuisance, especially for the easy-to-offend member or for medically allergic individuals. Bloom sequence: A high degree of aesthetic appeal is created when several plants are in



bloom at each point in the growing season. • Native choices: Chances are good that native plants are going to survive and be less likely to succumb to various pest problems. • Hardiness zones: Lack of cold and heat tolerance can be major causes of plant survival issues when plants are not sited according to hardiness zones. • Growth habit: Consider low-growing or prostrate ornamentals on slopes and upright species where screening is desirable. • Flooding tolerance: If the course is located near a river or lake, this consideration is paramount. • Level of maintenance: High levels of maintenance can be justifed in high-visibility areas, but other areas can be zoned for lower-maintenance plantings. • Safety: Some plants drop extensive foliage or other debris, creating unsafe walking or playing conditions. Implementation of changes For better or worse, tenets such as RPRP tend to be considered only in simplistic terms and can lead superintendents to overlook all the inherent species and cultivar characteristics. For example, because sun/shade requirements and eventual height are the two most commonly described criteria in plant selection

guidelines on golf courses, the many others listed above can be dismissed out of disdain for information overload. Consideration of only one or a few of the facets of RPRP often leads to plant failure. Hopefully, by this point in the article, you’ve been convinced to evaluate, ponder and/or investigate ornamental plantings more thoroughly through the processes of site assessment, site analysis and RPRP. Once this has been accomplished, two basic choices exist — frst, you can choose the best specifc plant based on the current conditions, or second, you can change the conditions to ft a specifc plant. Changing the conditions usually involves more cost and effort, but there may be certain times when it makes sense, for example, donated plants, memorial tee boxes, etc. Often, the decision to change is based on the health and vigor of the existing plant and the degree of sentiment attached to it.

John C. Fech, Ph.D., is a horticulturalist with the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, and an ISA-certifed arborist who is a frequent contributor to GCM.

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Enter your golf course canine companion in LebanonTurf’s 2015 Dog Days of Golf Calendar and Dog of the Year contest. If selected for the calendar, your dog will also have a chance to be crowned 2015 Dog of the Year, garnering a $3,000 prize for your affliated chapter and a $500 prize for you. A donation to a charitable cause will also be made in honor of the winner. Entries are being accepted now through Aug. 1, 2014. Be creative, have some fun, but by all means, show off your dog! Submit your entry at or email high resolution photo(s) to For more information, visit www.gcsaa. org/dogcalendar today.

The 2015 Dog Days of Golf Calendar is sponsored by LebanonTurf in cooperation with GCSAA.

(up to speed)

You are what you produce: Part I Thomas A. Nikolai, Ph.D.

To hear David tell the story, Ramona Park was a historical site that was neglected and allowed to become a “dark, dank wild jungle with lots of safety hazards.”



Every living thing is judged by what it produces. The value of the production results in methods of management. I will admit that I have sometimes questioned, “What does turfgrass produce?” To obtain an answer to my question, I set out to initiate a project in Flint, Mich., to consider the impact of turfgrass on an urban society. Why Flint? Because in the spring of 2010, the FBI labeled Flint as “the most dangerous city in America,” with over 6,000 abandoned homes and numerous neglected parks. This made Flint an ideal location to measure the effect that manicured turfgrass has on society. To perform the study, I needed industry and community partners. The Scotts Co. was happy to provide funding, fertilizer, herbicide and grass seed, while John Deere gave me a zero-turn mower and nine push mowers. Now all I needed was community involvement, and with assistance from the Genesee County Land Bank, I was introduced to David Caswell. David was a retired principal who was convinced that simply mowing the grass on a weekly basis in and around his local park, Ramona Park, would change the area for the better. To hear David tell the story, Ramona Park was a historical site that was neglected and allowed to become a “dark, dank wild jungle with lots of safety hazards.” Before I could begin mowing Ramona Park, David organized a group of individuals to remove piles of trash and downed branches from the site. Because of the area’s reputation, I admit to being nervous when I initiated the study. David must have understood my apprehension because the frst day I mowed Ramona Park, he sat on a wooden crate and watched over me. It made me a little uncomfortable, but his presence made me feel safe. As the weeks passed, residents realized I would return every Wednesday to mow, so they began to pick up the trash themselves to make my job easier. Many of them also began to maintain vacant lots next to their homes, and as a local magazine reported near the end of my frst season of mowing, “All kinds of social events are happening at the park. There was even a birthday party.” The story also reported “people surrounding the area are becoming involved in the community” and had

begun “reporting drug operations and other illegal activity.” During the second year, the community got together and wrote a grant, which they secured, to remove old fence lines and posts along with tons of discarded cement. After seed and fertilizer was applied to the cleared site, David told me that some residents began asking him if we were building a golf course. In October 2012, Michigan State University sociology master’s student Rachael Johansson performed a survey in the neighborhood. Her survey asked residents how their lives had changed, if at all, since MSU began mowing, fertilizing and applying weed control in their neighborhood. Results from her survey included: • 100 percent of residents claimed there was less trash • 95 percent made improvements to their homes because the park was being maintained • Over 75 percent interacted with their neighbors more • Over 60 percent trusted their neighbors more, which led to nearly 70 percent of the residents claiming they felt safer in their community. When David Caswell took his last breath several weeks ago, Ramona Park was a beautiful, manicured piece of turfgrass that brought a sense of security, heightened friendship and pride to an otherwise discarded part of our country. It was in that condition because of David’s convictions. Indeed, we are all ultimately judged by what we produce.

Thomas A. Nikolai, Ph.D., is the turfgrass academic specialist at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Mich., and a frequent GCSAA educator.

We understand that your professional reputation and livelihood are dependent on the quality of the turfgrass you manage. We also know that you have many choices when it comes to foliar nutrition, and Floratine is not always the least expensive option. But with so much at stake, we refuse to take short cuts in the design, formulation and technical support of our products. Yes, there are lower-grade raw materials and ‘all-in-one jug’ solutions on the market, but that’s not what we’re about. As a family-owned company, we proudly manufacture our products in our own facility in Tennessee, using only the highest-grade raw ingredients to ensure you get nothing but the best in every jug. With so much on the line, staying Rooted in Science™ is our commitment to you. Sincerely,

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This research was funded in part by the United States Golf Association.

Dale Bremer, Ph.D. Steve Keeley, Ph.D. Jack Fry, Ph.D. Jason Lewis, Ph.D.

Which Kentucky bluegrass cultivars perform better with less water? Twenty-eight Kentucky bluegrass cultivars and two hybrid bluegrasses were tested for their ability to retain visual quality under reduced irrigation. Field research at Kansas State University indicates that water requirements may differ signifcantly among cultivars of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.), depending upon desired turfgrass quality. Given the certainty of periodic drought, limited water availability and increasing irrigation costs, having choices of Kentucky bluegrass cultivars that may maintain better quality with less water is an attractive option. Ideally it would be helpful to select a turfgrass that can perform well with less water. A helpful concept when discussing Kentucky bluegrasses is their classifcation into phenotypic groups. Individual cultivars of Kentucky bluegrass are classifed into phenotypic groups based on common growth and stress performance characteristics gathered from feld trials (1). Previous research has indicated that such groupings may be useful in predicting drought tolerance. Because cultivar turnover is rapid in the turfgrass industry, determining the relative irrigation requirements of phenotypic groups may enable researchers to predict irrigation requirements of cultivars not included in any particular study. Using a rainout shelter, we compared seasonal irrigation amounts among 28 Kentucky bluegrass cultivars for two growing seasons. By shielding plots from rainfall, water could be withheld until wilt symptoms were evident. Our objectives were to identify Kentucky bluegrass cultivars and phenotypic groups that maintain better visual quality with less irrigation, using wiltbased irrigation. We hypothesized that if visual quality were good at the beginning of the season, we would maintain minimally acceptable quality in Kentucky bluegrass (for example, for a moderately maintained lawn or golf course rough with in-ground sprinklers) by irrigating when at least 50% of a given cultivar showed signs of wilt. Two hybrid bluegrasses (Poa ara nifera Torr. Ă— P. pratensis) were also included in the study. Methods This study was conducted at the Rocky Ford Turfgrass Research Center near Manhattan, Kan. Data were collected for 105 days in 2007 (June 19Oct. 1) and 108 days in 2009 (June 22-Oct. 7). Turfgrasses included 28 Kentucky bluegrass cultivars and two hybrid bluegrasses (Table 1). Commercially available cultivars of Kentucky bluegrass were selected to include representatives from major Kentucky bluegrass phenotypic groups (in the results section, only groups with three or more cultivars were used when



Well-watered plots are shown at the beginning of the dry-down study on June 4, 2007 (top). Kentucky bluegrass plots with obvious drought stress are shown at two months into the study, Aug. 4, 2007 (bottom). Plots were sheltered from precipitation by the rainout shelter (upper left in each photo), which automatically moved on tracks to cover the plots during rainfall. Photos by Jason Lewis

comparing groups). Also, because visual quality was of interest, cultivars were selected based on performance in National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) trials. The plots were maintained and well watered until the study began each year. Thereafter, water was withheld until 50% or more of a plot displayed drought stress. One inch (2.54 centimeters) of water was then applied by hand to the individual plots. Turfgrass quality and drought stress symptoms were evaluated daily. This process continued until the end of the study, after which all plots were re-watered and allowed to recover. Plots were mowed weekly at 3 inches (7.62 centimeters). Turfgrass quality evaluations, based on color, density and uniformity of the canopies, were made using a visual rating scale of 1 to 9, where 1 = brown turf, 6 = minimally acceptable turf or a home lawn or golf course rough and 9 = optimal turf. Drought stress was defned as the turf displaying wilting, failure of the canopy to remain upright after foot traffc and a general darkening color of the turf. Because drought stress sometimes changed rapidly from day to day, particularly under high temperatures, it was not unusual for irrigation to be applied when more than 50% of a plot (for example, up to 70% or 80%) displayed drought stress. Results Total water applied and days to wilt between irrigation cycles Water applications, averaged over the approximately 3.5-month period in each year of the study, ranged widely from 9.17 inches (23.3 centimeters) [mean = 0.086 inch (2.2 millimeters)/day)] in Bedazzled to 17.67 inches (44.9 centimeters) [0.165 inch (4.2 millimeters)/day)] in Kenblue (Figure 1). In Bedazzled, Apollo, Cabernet and Unique, 9.84 inches (25.0 centimeters) [0.090 inch (2.3 millimeters)/day] or less of water was applied, which was signifcantly less than that applied to Kenblue, Blue Knight, Wellington, Moonlight, Baron, Diva, Midnight II, Touchdown, Shamrock and Blue Velvet. In the latter 10 cultivars, 13.81 inches (35.1 centimeters) [0.129 inch (3.3 millimeters)/day) or more of water was applied. However, there were no statistical differences among the 15 cultivars that received the least amount of water (Figure 1, Bedazzled through Skye). Days to wilt between irrigations, which was roughly inverse to the amount of water

Hybrid and Kentucky bluegrass phenotypic groups and cultivars Group†







Envicta Abbey Common

Kenblue Wellington Park


Diva Skye Moonlight

Compact America

Langara Bedazzled Apollo Unique Kingfisher

Compact Midnight

Midnight Midnight II Blue Velvet Nu Destiny Award


Blue Knight Bartitia

Hybrid bluegrasses

Thermal Blue Blaze Longhorn




Eagleton Preakness Cabernet



Kentucky bluegrass classification groups as described by Bonos et al. (1). BVMG, Baron, Victa, Merit and Gnome. § Blue Knight and Bartitia have since been reclassified as “other type.” ‡

Table 1. Phenotypic groups and cultivars of Kentucky bluegrasses and hybrid bluegrasses in this study.



Water applied to KBG and hybrid bluegrass cultivars 25

Water applied (inches)





Bedazzled Apollo Cabernet Unique Preakness Abbey Julia Envicta Limousine Bartitia Kingfisher Eagleton Thermal Blue Blaze Midnight Skye Award Langara Longhorn Park NuDestiny BlueVelvet Shamrock Touchdown Midnight II Diva Baron Moonlight Wellington Blue Knight Kenblue


Figure 1. Water applied to Kentucky bluegrass (KBG) cultivars and hybrid bluegrasses, averaged over the periods June 19-Oct. 1, 2007 (105 days), and June 22-Oct. 7, 2009 (108 days), at Manhattan, Kan. Error bars denote standard error.

Days to wilt for KBG and hybrid bluegrass cultivars 16 14

Days to wilt

12 10 8 6 4 2

Kenblue Blue Knight Wellington Moonlight Baron Diva T Touchdown Midnight II Blue Velvet NuDestiny Shamrock Award Langara Midnight Longhorn Skye Bartitia Park Thermal Blue Blaze Kingfisher Envicta Eagleton Abbey Limousine Preakness Julia Apollo Unique Bedazzled Cabernet


Figure 2. Days to wilt between irrigations among Kentucky bluegrass cultivars and hybrid bluegrasses, averaged over the periods June 19-Oct. 1, 2007 (105 days), and June 22-Oct. 7, 2009 (108 days), at Manhattan, Kan.



applied (r = −0.91), ranged from 6.4 days in Kenblue to 13.1 days in Cabernet, a difference of nearly one week (Figure 2). Days to wilt was greater in Cabernet, Bedazzled, Unique and Apollo (11.9 to 13.1 days) than in the 18 bluegrasses with the least days to wilt (6.4 to 9.0 days; Kenblue through Park in Figure 2). These intervals provide the practitioner with an estimate of irrigation frequency required to maintain the various Kentucky bluegrasses at a performance level similar to this study, at least in the transition zone of the United States. In addition to requiring less frequent irrigation, cultivars with more days to wilt have a greater likelihood of receiving rainfall between irrigations; this could result in further water conservation and reduced irrigation costs. Notably, all cultivars in the phenotypic group Mid-Atlantic (Cabernet, Eagleton and Preakness) and four of fve in the Compact America group (Apollo, Bedazzled, Kingfsher and Unique) were among the 15 cultivars that received the least amount of water (Table 1, Figure 1). When averaged over all cultivars within each phenotypic group, 10.75 inches (27.3 centimeters) of water was applied to Compact America types and 11 inches (27.7 centimeters) to Mid-Atlantic types [both about 0.102 inch (2.6 millimeters)/day), which was less than the Common, Compact and Compact Midnight groups (Figure 3). The Common types received more water (15.79 inches [40.1 centimeters]; 0.149 inch [3.8 millimeters]/day]) than all other groups except Compact. Days to wilt was also greater in Mid-Atlantic and Compact America than in all other groups (Figure 4), indicating cultivars in Mid-Atlantic and Compact America could generally go longer without irrigation. Visual quality With the exception of the Common types in 2007, the visual quality of all bluegrasses was acceptable (>6) at the beginning of the study in each year (see the top photo, Page 76). In all bluegrasses and in both years, however, visual quality declined to below what was considered minimally acceptable (bottom photo, Page 76). This indicates waiting until 50% wilt to apply irrigation was insuffcient to maintain acceptable visual quality in Kentucky bluegrass, at least for homeowners or superintendents who desire a moderate standard of quality in the stressful climate

20 18 a

Water applied (inches)

16 14







10 Figure 3. Water applied to Kentucky bluegrass phenotypic groups, averaged over the periods June 19-Oct. 1, 2007 (105 days), and June 22-Oct. 7, 2009 (108 days), at Manhattan, Kan. The same letter above bars denoting different phenotypic groups indicates no signifcant difference.

8 6 4 2


Compact Midnight

Compact America





Days to wilt for KBG phenotypic groups 12

a a

10 b 8




6 Figure 4. Days to wilt between irrigations among Kentucky bluegrass phenotypic groups, averaged over the periods June 19-Oct. 1, 2007 (105 days), and June 22-Oct. 7, 2009 (108 days), at Manhattan, Kan. The same letter above bars denoting different phenotypic groups indicates no signifcant difference.

4 2


Compact Midnight

Compact America





Relations ips between water applied and visual quality Ideally, cultivars or groups that require the least water would also have the highest visual quality. Those relationships are illustrated in the scatter biplot in Figure 5, in which cultivars with the most favorable characteristics appear in the lower right section. In general, irrigation applications were greater in bluegrasses with poorer quality (Figure 5, upper left section). This pattern probably resulted from improved cultivars with morphological properties that both enhanced turf quality and reduced evapotranspiration (water use). Such improved properties include compact or dwarfed growth habits, horizontal leaf orientation and greater shoot density. All 15 bluegrasses with the lowest water applications were also ranked among those with the highest visual quality (Figure 5; there were no statistical differences among cultivars with average visual quality >5.5). The amount of water applied to these 15 cultivars with superior turf quality was also

Water applied to KBG phenotypic groups

Days to wilt

of the transition zone. Perhaps visual quality could have been maintained at acceptable levels by applying water when only 25% of the plot exhibited symptoms of drought stress; further research is required. Our method may be appropriate, however, for the typical homeowner with no in-ground sprinklers or superintendents with low-maintenance roughs on their golf courses, or where the primary concern is water conservation and some dormancy is acceptable. Visual quality in all bluegrasses generally remained >4, and recovery was rapid in the fall after resuming irrigation (data not shown). Although visual quality declined to <6 in all cultivars, the time required to do so ranged widely from 8.1 days in Kenblue to 44.8 days in Blue Velvet (data not shown for all cultivars; for greater detail, see [2,3]). The decline was slower in Blue Velvet, Award, Midnight, Cabernet, Unique and NuDestiny (36 to 44.8 days) than in Park, Baron, Wellington and Kenblue (8.1 to 14.2 days). Thus, four of fve cultivars in the Compact Midnight group maintained quality longer than all cultivars in the Common group (Table 1). As a group, the Compact Midnight types maintained quality >6 for longer than the Common as well as the BVMG types, but also received more water than the Compact America and Mid-Atlantic groups (Figure 3).



Water applied vs. visual turf quality 20

Kenblue Park Wellington Diva Midnight 2 Baron Shamrock Eagleton Apollo Longhorn Cabernet Moonlight

Average water applied, 2007 and 2009 (inches)

Mean quality = 5.78

18 16 14 12

Langara Abbey Blue Knight Thermal Blue Blaze Unique Kingfisher Bedazzled Skye Julia Award Touchdown Midnight

Mean water = 12.9 inches

10 8 4.8








Average visual quality ratings, 2007 and 2009


Envicta Limousine NuDestiny Preakness Bartitia Blue Velvet

Figure 5. Water applied to Kentucky bluegrass cultivars and hybrid bluegrasses versus average visual quality ratings on a 1-9 scale, where 9 = optimal turf and 1 = brown turf. Data were averaged over the periods June 19-Oct. 1, 2007 (105 days), and June 22-Oct. 7, 2009 (108 days).

RESEARCH SAYS • Cultivar selection significantly affected water requirements and visual quality. • Seasonal water applications differed as much as 8.5 inches among cultivars; days to wilt differed as much as 6.7 days. • Half of the 30 cultivars in the study both received the least water and had the highest visual quality. • Compact America and Mid-Atlantic Kentucky bluegrass cultivars required less water while maintaining visual quality.



below the mean water applied to all 30 bluegrasses (13 inches [32.8 centimeters]). Similarly, visual quality in 12 of the 15 bluegrasses that received the least water was greater than the mean of all 30 bluegrasses (5.78), although all 15 were statistically similar. In contrast to the 15 top performers, six cultivars were ranked within the group that received the most water and had the lowest visual quality (Figure 5). Those six cultivars — Kenblue, Wellington, Midnight II, Baron, Diva and Shamrock — had neither the high visual quality nor low water requirement traits we were screening for in this study. Conclusions Cultivar selection in Kentucky bluegrass had signifcant impacts on water requirements and visual quality ratings. Among cultivars, differences in seasonal water applications were as great as 8.5 inches (21.6 centimeters), and differences in days to 50% wilt between irrigations were as great as 6.7 days (that is, nearly one week). Based on statistical range tests, only 15 of the 30 cultivars were in the group that both received the least water

and had the greatest visual quality. Results indicated that, under conditions similar to those in our study, Kentucky bluegrass in the Compact America and Mid-Atlantic phenotypic groups can be selected for their lower irrigation requirements without sacrifcing visual quality, and types from those two groups may represent the best selections for breeding efforts to achieve such goals. More detailed results from this study can be found elsewhere (2,3). Funding This research was funded by United States Golf Association (USGA), Turfgrass Producers International (TPI) and the Kansas Turfgrass Foundation. Acknowledgments The technical assistance of Tony Goldsby was greatly appreciated. This article was published in the Spring 2013 (Vol. 26, No. 1) issue of Sports Turf Manager.

Literature cited 1. Bonos, S.A., W.A. Meyer and J.A. Murphy. 2000. Classifcation of Kentucky bluegrass genotypes grown as spaced-plants. HortScience 35:910-913. 2. Bremer, D., J. Lewis, S. Keeley and J. Fry. 2012. Effects of wilt-based irrigation on visual quality and seasonal water applications on 30 bluegrasses in the transition zone. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online (TERO) 11(6):1-12. 3. Lewis, J.D., D.J. Bremer, S.J. Keeley and J.D. Fry. 2012. Wilt-based irrigation in Kentucky bluegrass: Effects on visual quality and irrigation amounts among cultivars. Crop Science 52:1881-1890.

Dale Bremer (, Steve Keeley and Jack Fry are professors in the department of horticulture, forestry and recreation resources, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kan.; and Jason D. Lewis was an assistant professor in the department of horticulture and crop science, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Calif.


SOARS AT PRESTWICK C.C. “To be honest, Champion Paul Kaufman-Superintendent was on my mind early on, Prestwick Country Club because it was the sexy, Myrtle Beach SC in-vogue pick. But I put in a test green with TifEagle, MiniVerde and Champion, and after 2 years of playing around with all three, I got to see the limitations and strong points of each grass. I also looked at a lot of TifEagle courses. In the end, my bosses and I agreed that TifEagle was by far the best ultradwarf for Prestwick.” You’ll find TifEagle Bermudagrass at the spectacular Prestwick Country Club in Myrtle Beach SC. This links-style gem was designed by Pete Dye and his son P.B. Dye and opened in 1989. Superintendent Paul Kaufman is responsible for the day-to-day management and upkeep of this top-flight course that features towering dune-like berms, stairway bunkers and bulkhead-protected greens. It was Paul along with his bosses who made the decision to go with TifEagle. “Our Tifdwarf was really beginning to show its age and was getting to be almost unmanageable. On top of that, the Myrtle Beach area is so competitive. There are almost 100 courses here now in what’s essentially a one-mile by 30-mile strip, and the majority of them have ultradwarf

greens. From a competitive standpoint we were just lagging behind. So I put in a combination test green with TifEagle, MiniVerde and Champion and evaluated all three grasses for over two years. I also looked at a lot of other clubs, and talked to a lot of other superintendents, We decided to no-till and shut the course down on June 18th. Believe it or not, we were open for play on September 1 with superb new TifEagle greens.” Take a tip from Paul Kaufman. Whether you’re renovating your existing greens or planning a brand new facility, insist on the best. Specify certified TifEagle Bermudagrass by name. You can sod it, sprig it or even no-till it under the right conditions. Visit us on the web at, or call 706 542-4525 for more information. TEAM



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Alfredo Martinez-Espinoza, Ph.D. Omar Martinez-Uribe Dae Kim

Tar spot on seashore paspalum in Georgia Tar spot has been identifed for the frst time on seashore paspalum turfgrass at the University of Georgia. Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum) is a warm-season grass native to tropical and subtropical regions of North and South America. In the United States, it is found in the coastal regions of Texas, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. With the exception of one commercially available seeded cultivar, seashore paspalum propagates via rhizomes and stolons. Seashore paspalum has been growing in popularity for use on golf course tees, fairways and greens because of its high tolerance to saline soils and water (3,8). Symptoms on plant tissue Tar spot was frst observed on seashore paspalum turfgrass plants in late 2010 at a research greenhouse on the campus of the University of Georgia in Griffn, Ga. Symptoms of the disease included what were later determined to be tar spot lesions, which were black to dark brown with yellow to light brown tissue surrounding the spot (Figure 1). The spots were small and compact, and most were circular to slightly oval. Some spots coalesced and formed a short delineated strip (Figure 2). Spots were located mainly on the tops of the leaves, with some discoloration on the back of the leaves. However, tar spots did not reach the back tissue of the leaves. These observations are consistent with tar spot disease observed in other turfgrasses, and in other crops, where lesions are dark, small, compacted and located on the upper part of the leaves (Figures 1,2) (1,2,4-7,9-11).



Figure 1. Tar spot lesions, which were black to dark brown with yellow to light brown tissue surrounding the spots, were discovered on seashore paspalum plants in a greenhouse at the University of Georgia in Griffn, Ga. Photos by Alfredo Martinez



Plant tissue

Figure 2. Some of the tar spots coalesced to form a continuous strip on the grass blade.

Clypei. Light and electron microscope observations conclusively showed that the lesion on the paspalum plants was made up of a shield-like structure called the clypeus (plural clypei) (4,7,10,12). The clypei are oval in shape with a slightly raised center and seem to push through the epidermis of the plant tissue, dramatically changing the structure and anatomy of the plant epidermis. The size of clypei ranges from 170 micrometers × 152 micrometers to 203 micrometers × 495 micrometers. Ascocarps and asci. An ascocarp is a nest-like or spherical structure that contains the asci (plural of ascus), bean-pod-shaped structures that are the sexual spore-bearing cells produced by ascomycete fungi (12) (Figure 3). When seen under an electron microscope, the asci are cylindrical and arranged in a palisade formation with vegetative tissue dispersed throughout the ascocarp. The asci range from 7 to 8 micrometers in width × 48 to 51 micrometers in length. Ascospores. An individual ascus containing eight ascospores (fungal spores) is shown in a light microscope photo (Figure 4). The ascospores are uniseriate, that is, they are arranged one by one in a single row (12). The ascospores also have a smooth surface and are devoid of any ornamentation (Figure 5). Their shape is ellipsoidal, and many of them have a slightly conical or parabolic end. No division, separation or any other structure was observed. Ascospore size ranges from 5.7 to 7 micrometers in width × 10 to 11 micrometers in length. In an electron microscope photo, masses of ascospores are shown oozing through small rup-

Figure 3. An electron microscope photo shows an ascocarp, which forms a nest-like or spherical supportive structure for asci, the bean-pod-like structures that contain the ascospores by which the tar spot fungus reproduces.

Figure 4. A light compound microscope photo shows an ascus containing eight ascospores arranged in a single row.

Figure 5. An electron microscope photo with a close-up of ascospores, the fungal spores from the tar spot fungus.

tures or holes in the clypei; ascospore release appears to be limited to the inter-vein sections of the leaf (Figure 6). Infection tests The fungal organism can only grow on living tissue. After evaluating several methods of infecting the turfgrass and determining the environmental conditions conducive to infection, we collected grass clippings from the infected source (initial infection was observed in the cultivar SeaIsle 2000). Infected grass clippings were placed on healthy seashore paspalum turfgrass grown in plastic pots in the greenhouse. Greenhouse temperatures were

kept at 77 F-80 F (25 C-27 C) and high relative humidity. The process was replicated at least four times. Healthy plants of the cultivars SeaIsle 2000, Aloha, SeaIsle Supreme and an experimental line (106L-1) were successfully infected with tar spot. All the inoculated pots were infected, but the incidence of the infection was rather low (mean of 5%). Conclusions A careful visual evaluation of physical symptoms was conducted. Plants were inspected for size, shape, color, appearance, distribution, quantity and location of le-




paspalum in Georgia. (Abstr.) P topa logy 102(Suppl.):S4.76, and was also taken from the accompanying poster as presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of The American Phytopathological Society, Providence, R.I., Aug. 4-8, 2012. Literature cited

Figure 6. The reproductive spores (ascospores) of the tar spot fungus are seen breaking through the tissue of an infected seashore paspalum plant to infect other plants.

RESEARCH SAYS • Visual observations, light microscopy and electronic microscope techniques yielded conclusive evidence of the pathogen infection and symptoms. • Fungal morphology and measurements corresponded exactly to those described for Phyllachora paspalicola. • Healthy grass was infected with P. paspalicola isolates, demonstrating that P. paspalicola is the causal agent of tar spot in seashore paspalum.



sions in the plants. Tissue was removed from the lesions and observed under a compound microscope and under electron scanning microscopy. Visual observations, light microscopy and electron microscopy yielded conclusive evidence of the pathogen infection and symptoms. Clypei, ascocarp, asci and ascospore morphology and measurements corresponded exactly to those described for P llac ra paspalicola (also known as P llac ra vaginata) (1,2,4-7,9-12). Healthy grass was infected with P. paspalicola isolates, fulflling Koch’s postulates and demonstrating the causal agent of the disease. Therefore, we propose that the causal agent of tar spot in seashore paspalum is P. paspalicola. To our knowledge this was the frst report of tar spot on seashore paspalum in Georgia. Acknowledgment The material in this article was adapted from Martinez-Espinoza, A.D., MartinezUribe, O. A., and Kim, D. 2012. Identifcation and characterization of tar spot on seashore

1. Bockus, W.W., R.L. Bowden, R.M. Hunger et al. 2010. Compendium of Wheat Diseases. APS Press, St. Paul, Minn. 2. Dakshini, K.M.M., R.K. Tandon and K.G. Mukerji. 1970. A new species of Phyllachora. Mycologia 62:296-300. 3. Duncan, R.R., and R.N. Carrow. 2000. Seashore Paspalum—The Environmental Turfgrass. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N.J. 4. Hanlin-Silva, D.M.W., and R.T. Hanlin. 1998. The order Phyllachorales: Taxonomic review. Mycoscience 39:97-104. 5. Monteiro, F.T., B.S. Vieira and R.W. Barreto. 2003. Curvularia lunata and Phyllachora sp.: Two fungal pathogens of the grassy weed Hymenachne amplexicaulis from Brazil. Australasian Plant Pathology 32:449-453. 6. Orton, C.R. 1944. Graminicolous species of Phyllachora in North America. Mycologia 36:18-53. 7. Parbery, D.G. 1967. Studies on Graminicolous Species of Phyllachora NCE in FCKL: A taxonomic monograph. Australian Journal of Botany 15:271-375. 8. Raymer, P.L., S.K. Braman, L.L. Burpee et al. 2008. Seashore paspalum: Breeding a turfgrass for the future. record/2008/jan_feb/breeding_future_turfgrass.pdf 9. Rey, M.E., and H.M. Garnett. 1984. A physiological study of Panicum maximum infected by Phyllachora paspalicola. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:22832289. 10. Silva, D.M. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of the Phyllochorales and related genera. Ph.D. diss. University of Georgia, Athens, Ga. 11. Smiley, R.W., P.H. Dernoeden and B.B. Clarke. 2005. Compendium of Turfgrass Diseases. APS Press, St. Paul, Minn. 12. Ulloa, M., and R.T. Hanlin. 2012. Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology. APS Press, St. Paul, Minn.

Alfredo Martinez-Espinoza, Ph.D. (, is an associate professor in plant pathology at the University of Georgia-Griffn; Omar Martinez-Uribe is a student at the University of Georgia, Athens, Ga.; and Dae Kim is a student at Georgia State University, Atlanta.


The research described in these summaries is funded in part by the Environmental Institute for Golf.

Teresa Carson

Photo by Ben McGraw

Insecticide-resistant annual bluegrass weevil The annual bluegrass weevil (ABW) has been shown to develop resistance to a range of insecticides under commonly used management regimes (that is, multiple applications of synthetic insecticides per season). Currently, understanding of ABW insecticide resistance is restricted to adult weevils and pyrethroids, but feld observations suggest that several other insecticide classes may be affected, larvae may be resistant, and resistance level may differ among the different ABW stages. Our goal is to better understand the degree and scope of insecticide resistance (different ABW stages, different insecticide modes of action) in ABW populations. Using at least eight ABW populations (two susceptible, six resistant at various levels), we will establish the baseline susceptibility of ABW to commonly used insecticides and determine diagnostic doses to detect resistant populations in the feld. We will determine resistance and cross-resistance patterns and possible mechanisms; compare the effcacy of selected insecticides against ABW adults and larvae of susceptible and resistant populations; and develop a simple test so that researchers and practitioners can determine resistance levels to pyrethroids and other affected insecticides. Our results will form the base for developing optimal management programs for resistant and susceptible ABW



populations that optimize the effcacy and longevity of available compounds, thereby reducing insecticide use and associated costs. —Albrecht Koppenhöfer, Ph.D. (koppenhofer@, and Olga Kostromytska, Ph.D., Rutgers University

Effect of golf course turf management on water quality The Virginia Golf Course Superintendents Association, the Virginia Turfgrass Foundation and Virginia Tech, in cooperation with Virginia governmental agencies and private sector partners, have developed a guidance document, “Best Management

Practices (BMPs) for Environmental Quality on Virginia Golf Courses.” This document provides a detailed description of BMP guidelines specifcally adapted for golf courses in Virginia. Ongoing ground-truthing is important to document the effectiveness of these guidelines through monitoring pre- and post-implementation water quality. Test sites are six Virginia golf courses within the Chesapeake Bay watershed, with sample locations identifed to monitor water quality fowing into and out of each golf course. These courses are currently or will be implementing the BMPs. Over the next two years, we will assess water quality before and after implementing two BMPs on two separate golf courses; use monitoring to determine the effects of standard turf maintenance practices on water quality coming in and going out of six Bay Watershed golf courses; survey Virginia superintendents to assess the adoption rate of water quality-specifc BMPs; and conduct soil testing to characterize the chemical and physical properties of soils next to streams on the monitored golf courses to determine any correlation between measured stream parameters and management of those sites. — Chantel Wilson; Erik Ervin, Ph.D. (; and Stephen Schoenholtz, Ph.D., Virginia Tech

Teresa Carson ( is GCM’s science editor.

Photo by Erik Ervin


Hey Poa, it’s cold outside Beth Guertal, Ph.D.

Editor’s note: This is the frst in a series of columns by Beth Guertal, professor in the department of agronomy and soils at Auburn University. The column is named “Verdure” for what Guertal calls the “best part of the grass, the green part that is left after you remove the clippings.” Each Verdure column will offer a short synopsis of a research article published in a scientifc journal to answer a question frequently asked by superintendents.



In case you didn’t notice (and if you didn’t, you must have been in a very isolated, very warm cave), it was a long, cold winter across most of the United States. This is not a good situation for people, dogs and turfgrass. So how bad is the winterkill going to be? It’s been the topic of multiple tweets, seminars and Web chats. A recent article (published in Crop Science, 2014) by the brilliant minds at the University of Massachusetts (Lindsey Hoffman, Michelle DaCosta and Scott Ebdon) determined effects of temperature on annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass. Their research focused on two items: cold acclimation, the process by which plants increase their freeze tolerance by exposure to low nonfreezing temperatures (“cold hardening”), and, cold deacclimation, which is the loss of acclimated cold hardiness. This deacclimation may occur in a warming trend. DaCosta’s research group wanted to examine how sensitive annual bluegrass and bentgrass were to a brief warming trend and how that warming could affect freezing tolerance. They took one annual bluegrass (a perennial biotype) and one creeping bentgrass (L93), and cold acclimatized those grasses. The plants received two weeks of 68 F (20 C) temperatures, followed by two weeks of 36 F (2 C) and then two weeks of 28 F (-2 C), with that last two weeks in the dark. At every two weeks in this process, they moved some of the plants to a growth chamber and then determined the soil temperature at which half the plants died. To do this, they lowered the temperature, little by little — 2 degrees at a time. Next, the researchers wanted to observe what happened if a brief warming spell occurred (the cold deacclimation). Plants were either left at 28 F, or they were warmed to 39 F (4 C), 46 F (8 C) or 54 F (12 C) for either one or fve days. After the one-day period, the researchers determined the temperature at which 50% of the plants died. They did the same for the plants grown at the new, warmer temperatures for fve days. What did they fnd? Well, frst, cold acclimation worked. Both the annual bluegrass and bentgrass survived colder temperatures when they were acclimated all the way to 28 F. But, as it got colder, the annual bluegrass did not ac-

climate as well as the creeping bentgrass. The bentgrass always survived colder air temperatures than did the annual bluegrass. What happened when it warmed up for a day or for a few days? Both grass species lost their freezing tolerance both as the soil temperature warmed, and as the number of warm days increased. Even one day of a 39 F warming caused both grasses to have reduced freezing tolerance, as compared to the grass that was kept at 28 F. It was worse if the plants stayed at 39 F for fve days. The grasses were killed at even warmer temperatures if temperatures warmed up to 46 F for one or fve days (annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass were killed at average temperatures of 13 F and 1 F, respectively). When it was even warmer — 54 F for fve days — the grasses were killed at a toasty warm temperature of 16 F. So, even a slight warming trend for a short period of time hurt the grasses’ ability to tolerate freezing. Perhaps more importantly, the annual bluegrass was far more affected than the bentgrass, with the annual bluegrass almost always killed at lower temperatures than the bentgrass. So, annual bluegrass appears to be more sensitive to shifts in cold weather than bentgrass, and differences were observed even with a slight warming trend for a short period of time. This was a growth chamber study, and some of the temperatures at which 50% death was observed are pretty dang low. Snow cover, thatch and protective devices such as tarps will affect the winter survivability of annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass. In addition, the sensitivity of annual bluegrass to deacclimation can vary depending on the biotype (as the researchers have observed in their followup studies). This study, however, clearly shows that if it warms a bit, even if only for a day, your annual bluegrass may be more sensitive than your creeping bentgrass.

Source: Hoffman, L., M. DaCosta, and S. Ebdon. 2014. Examination of cold deacclimation sensitivity of annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass. Crop Science 54:413420. For a longer version of this column, go to GCM’s blog (

They have a voice in the industry Through the GCSAA Superintendent Research Panel, these individuals have a voice in the industry. They are also receiving great rewards for their participation on the panel through our quarterly prize drawings.


2014 1s t Quarter Prize Winners

Greg Hubbard, CGCS

Larry Sole

Lawrence G. Griego

Manitou Ridge Golf Course Birchwood, MN

Quartz Mountain Golf Course Olustee, OK

Puerto Del Sol Golf Course Albuquerque, NM

Michael J. Fast, CGCS

Paul J. Ramina

Delphos Country Club Van Wert, OH

Hamilton Farm Golf Club Gladstone, NJ

Let your voice be heard. Learn more about becoming a member of the Superintendent Research Panel at

®/ ™Trademarks owned by Golf Course Superintendents Association of America ©2014 Golf Course Superintendents Association of America

(Product news)


SPRAYER SMK Sprayers launched the P100AC and H100AC sprayers for both solvents and acetone and anything in between, the company says, adding that the sprayers are made to deliver leading-edge technology and innovation. Contact SMK Sprayers, 515-202-0052 (



Turfco unveiled the Torrent Blower, which features a wireless, hand-held controller to give operators precise control over blower settings. The controller allows the operator to dial in the exact nozzle direction for what Turfco calls unprecedented precision. The controller is also equipped with a unique idle/resume button that enables users to idle down the machine when bystanders are near and quickly resume operation at their original setting when the area is clear. The combination of the idle/resume button and multiple airspeed settings increases overall effciency and helps operators save money on fuel and reduce noise. The Torrent Blower features a heavy-duty frame, rugged tongue and an adjustable hitch. Contact Turfco, 800-679-8201 ( Steiner introduced Flex Deck by Lastec, a highly fexible mowing attachment designed for use with the Steiner 440 four-wheel-drive

tractor. Flex Deck is an adaptable mowing attachment fabricated with four hinged foating decks and four blades to provide even mowing on the undulating, hilly terrain found around tees, water hazards, bunkers and rough. The fexible mowing attachment features an 80-inch overall cutting width, a 1.5-inch to 5-inch height of cut range and seven caster wheels for added support. The four decks are designed to achieve 40 degrees of motion and can mow terrain that fat mowers canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t. Contact Steiner, 866-469-1242 (

Bobcat showcases its XRZ Zero-Turn Mower, a riding mower that was developed for commercial contractors who are new to the professional landscape maintenance industry. It is equipped with a premium high-back elastomeric vibration-control seat and 22-inch rear-drive wheels, which help to smooth the ride over undulating terrain and provide increased traction on slopes. The XRZ is available in deck widths of 48, 52 and 61 inches. The cutting height can be adjusted with the quick-lift foot pedal, allowing for cutting heights of 1.5 to 4.875 inches in quarter-inch increments. The XRZ is powered by Kawasaki FR engines and Hydro-Gear ZT3100 transaxles, which allow operators to mow at ground speeds up to 8 mph. Contact Bobcat, 866-469-1242 ( Hannay Reels unveiled the 1500 Series Hose Reel, which the company says is ideal for lawn care, pest control, pneumatic tools, power washing, watering and other greenhouse or grounds maintenance applications. It is specifcally engineered for long lengths of hose and is available in both manual and power rewind. It can be truck-, trailer- or garage-mounted on wheels or carried by hand and is equipped to handle ¼-inch to 5⁄8-inch hose. The reel’s chain and sprocket drive can be powered by an electric, hydraulic or compressed air motor. It operates at pressures to 3,000 psi and temperatures from 20 to 400 degrees. Models are available to accommodate other high pressures and temperatures with standard inlet (90-degree ballbearing swivel joint, ½-inch female NPT threads) and standard outlet (½-inch female NPT threads). Contact Hannay Reels, 877-467-3357 (

Otterbine announced its new Fountain Glo LED Low Voltage Light Systems. They are made to be energy effcient, versatile and cost effective. These light sets operate a 6.5W LED food lamp bulb that is available in bright white (5,700K) or warm white (3,000K), and offers 80 percent energy savings over traditional halogen lamps. Advantages of the new systems include brighter lights, longer cable runs and corrosionresistant thermal plastics manufacturing. Light systems for units 1 horsepower and above come standard with a cable quick-disconnect feature and are adjustable, allowing the customer to both customize and maximize the illumination pattern. Contact Otterbine, 610-965-6018 (www. GeoHay is a pad made from recycled carpet fber to control erosion and manage stormwater. The company says the pad is an ideal sand trap liner because it allows the sand to stay in place instead of being swept away. Contact GeoHay, 800-554-2082 (


PRODUCTS Rescue! introduced multiple products including OrnamenTrap, which is designed to catch yellowjackets and fies. The fligree design and metallic plastic are crafted to resemble weathered, cast copper. The trap comes with Rescue!’s watersoluble attractant. Also, TrapStiks for wasps and fies use VisiLure technology, developed to attract insects with colors, shapes and other visual stimuli to which they respond. TrapStiks lure wasps or fies to a sticky surface using the three-dimensional pattern and color combination they fnd most attractive. Contact Rescue!, 800-666-6766 (



Pentair introduced the Hypro Universal Flange Clamp, designed to deliver superior sealing capability with decreased assembly time and increased safety. The fange clamp has a unique clamshell design and integrated bolt and nut, which eliminates banding and provides consistent, even clamping pressure. Hypro Universal Flange Clamps are compatible with Hypro Universal Flange gaskets and Banjo gaskets and are available in 1 inch and 1.5 inches. Contact Pentair, 763-545-1730 (www. Simplot partnered with Plant Impact to launch TransFuse, a product that incorporates Plant Impact’s PiNT technology. TransFuse is specifcally designed to support the needs of professional sports turf and delivers an enduring growth response over 10 weeks following application while requiring less total nitrogen than conventional slow-release products, the company says. Contact Plant Impact ( Maderas Golf Club in the San Diego area and the University of Michigan committed to work with e-par USA to improve their overall environmental management through the use of the e-par Environmental Management System (EMS) for Golf. “E-par has provided us with a user-friendly platform to assess and address many of the regulatory issues that we are facing in the golf industry, especially in California,” says Pat Reilly, director of agronomy for Maderas GC. EMS for Golf is an easy-to-use online platform that is compliant with the environmental management standard, ISO 14001:2004. It allows golf owners and operators to develop a comprehensive environmental management plan for the golf course, clubhouse and pro shop operations. Contact e-par USA, 855-372-7872 (www. Profle solid metal sprinkler nozzles from Underhill International are designed to improve irrigation distribution uniformity (DU) rates on tees and greens while saving water. Consistent DU rates (85 or better) can translate to healthier, greener turf and eliminate dry patches and donuts. The nozzles feature solid brass construction with stainless steel outlets and can be retroftted to plastic OEM nozzles with 1¼- and 1½-inch inlets. The replacement sets include fullcircle, mid-range and close-in coverage. Profle nozzles have undergone extensive

testing by the Center for Irrigation Technology, California State University-Fresno. Contact Underhill International, 866-8633744 ( Mauget received expanded label approval for Abacide 2 Insecticide. The injectable insecticide formulation contains 2 percent abamectin, an effective insecticide commonly used to control boring and phloem-feeding insects. It is formulated for use with ornamental, residential forest, nursery, orchard and Christmas trees. The expanded label for Abacide 2 features a higher dose rate and a new group of insect species that can be controlled, including Ips engraver beetles, coniferous bark beetles, western, mountain and southern pine beetles and other boring and phloem-feeding insects that commonly target ornamental and forest trees. Contact Mauget, 800-873-3779 ( SGM Industries launched the TB 220 Grooming Brush, a redesigned version of the TB 200. Regular use of the brush gently removes the grain from putting greens and the brush is invaluable during topdressing and aerifcation procedures, the company says. The brush is also used on tee and fairway turf, as well as on artifcial surfaces. Contact SGM Industries, 630-688-5192 (www. Jenlis Inc. launched the SwifterSifter and WeedRazer Express. The SwifterSifter is designed to maintain ponds by removing foating debris, such as algae, leaves, cut weeds and litter or take the foats off and skim the bottom to remove sludge, muck, leaves, twigs and more. SwifterSifter will clear a lake or pond of unsightly organic material in minutes, the company says. It weighs slightly more than 8 pounds. WeedRazer, which weighs slightly more than 6 pounds, can cut through tough pond and lake vegetation such as cattails by slicing — rather than dragging — through weeds. Contact Jenlis Inc., 877-356-6455 (www. L-com Inc. added HyperLink 2.4/4.9-5.8 GHz HGV Series Omni Directional Antennas to its product line. They are compact, lightweight and ideally suited for IEEE 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.11n and 802.11 ac wireless LANs, homeland security and public safety bands and other multipoint applications where wide cover-

age is desired or multiple frequencies are available. Contact L-com, 800-341-5266 ( Blinder Bunker launched Blinder USA, making the company’s products, such as the Bunker Liner System, available in America. One of the products, Ecopath, is available in an array of colors that blend in with surrounding areas. Contact Blinder Bunker ( General Tools & Instruments released its Multi-Pro Screwdrivers (8140/8141/8142), which are made in America and feature the Retractable Bit Cartridge in the handle that makes storing, selecting and changing bits quick and easy while saving toolbox space and reducing the risk of lost parts. The Palm Saver Cap, which the company says is the largest cap surface in the hand tools industry, remains stationary while turning the driver handle, which improves comfort, prevents blisters and enables one-handed use. The EZ-Guide Collar is made to deliver greater control by maintaining alignment between the screwdriver and the fastener. Contact General Tools & Instruments, 800-6978665 ( AMVAC Chemical Corp., a subsidiary of American Vanguard Corp., announced it is the sole distributor of the granular soil fumigant product Basamid G, which is made to eliminate weeds, grasses, nematodes and disease to give new turf a healthy and vigorous start. Basamid G is labeled for use for golf courses, athletic felds, sod farms, home lawns, ornamental sites, feld nurseries, turf sites, greenhouses, hoop houses, soil media, interplanting and nonbearing crops. Contact American Vanguard Corp. (

several new fnish options: bronze, copper, gold, stainless steel metal, silver ice and white gold. These are metal patina fnishes with a clear coat fnish. Contact Witt Industries, 800-543-7417 ( Bird-B-Gone offers multiple options for goose control. Bird Chase Super Sonic is an audible bird deterrent designed to scare geese and other bird pests away. Migrate Goose Repellent works on a goose’s taste buds. It is a nontoxic liquid that convinces geese that the grass and other vegetation on your property is unappetizing. MotionActivated Scarecrow will blast invading geese with a harmless burst of water; geese quickly get the message that the Scarecrow-guarded areas are too bothersome to enter and won’t return. Contact Bird-B-Gone, 877-820-8205 (www. Royal St. George’s Golf Club, site of 14 British Open championships since 1892, now uses Bernhard Grinders. The club in Sandwich, England, purchased the Express Dual 4000DX and Anglemaster 4000. Contact Bernhard Grinders, 888-474-6348 (www.

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Stepan and Elevance developed Steposol Met-10U, a surfactant derived from natural oils that are targeted to displace solvents and achieve sustainability goals while improving cleaning performance. The product allows for formulations that are solvent-free, low-VOC and safe and effective to use, the company says. It can be used as an adhesive remover and paint remover. Contact Stepan and Elevance, 847-446-7500 ( Witt Industries added nine fberglass products to its line of receptacles. The new products are designed to be stylish and functional with a more architecturally sleek look. Witt also added



(Industry news)


COURSE Eagle Ridge Golf Club in Galena, Ill., opened its four renovated courses (The General is pictured) last month. The renovation incorporates the natural landscape of rolling hills and woodlands of the Galena Territory. Eagle Ridge is located 150 miles west of Chicago.

The Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball named Jacobsen the offcial turf equipment supplier for Cubs Park, the team’s new spring training facility in Mesa, Ariz. Cubs Park, spread over 140 acres and featuring four practice felds, a 65,000-square-foot state-ofthe-art player development center and a top-of-the-line stadium, cost $99 million. Cubs Park purchased two LLF550 large-area reel mowers, two Tri-King small-area reel mowers, one Eclipse 322 small-area reel mower, one Greens King 526A walk-behind reel mower and two Cushman by Jacobsen Turf-Truckster utility vehicles. “The Chicago Cubs are an American sports team, and we’re honored to be part of their team,” Jacobsen President David Withers says.

Eagle Ridge Golf Club



Paul Hoffmann joined the sales team at Growth Products. He has more than 25 years of sales experience and has extensively provided technical assistance to turf and landscape professionals, most recently as a regional sales manager for Earthworks of Easton, Pa. Hoffmann also served on the Formulator’s Committee for Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment and as a board member of the Professional Lawn Care Association of America. He has a bachelor’s degree in agriculture from Southeast Missouri State University.

Civitas Four industry leaders received the annual Civitas Awards at the Golf Industry Show in Orlando: Craig Currier; Matt Cimino, CGCS; Jim Masone; and Al Schwemler. Currier, the GCSAA Class A superintendent at Glen Oaks Club in Old Westbury, N.Y., has helped pave the way for turf health across North America by being a leader in adopting new innovations. Cimino, GCSAA Class A superintendent at Cimarron Hills Country Club in Georgetown, Texas, was the frst superintendent in his state to use Civitas on his turf, and he has helped pioneer turf solutions for drought resistance, heat tolerance and reductions of inputs in the South. Masone, from WinField Solutions LLC, has been one of the brand’s most active advocates and supporters since it launched in 2009. Schwemler, the GCSAA Class A superintendent at Toronto Golf Club in Mississauga, Ontario, received the Civitas Achievement Award, which is based on a long-standing commitment to Civitas and championing a resourceful approach to plant protection. As part of the festivities, 100 honored guests joined the Civitas team at the Orlando Magic basketball game. The four people involved in the Civitas event, pictured left to right: Reinie Drygala, sales manager lawn care and agriculture; Cimino; Jason Sartwell of Glen Oaks Club (on behalf of Currier); and Mike Hull (on behalf of Masone).

The Eastern Shore Association of Golf Course Superintendents (ESAGCS) announced it has surpassed $125,000 in community-based charitable giving over the past fve years. In 2013, for example, ESAGCS donated $10,000 each to the Believe in Tomorrow Children’s Foundation and to the University of Maryland Foundation; $5,000 to the Autism Society of America; and $4,000 to the Wounded Warrior Project. ESAGCS has given more than $100,000 through the years to Believe in Tomorrow Children’s Foundation. “The dedication and support given by foundation staff and volunteers to these children and their families during their most diffcult times is simply amazing and pulls at your heart,” says Joe Perry, CGCS, former ESAGCS president. “We are pleased to be supporting their efforts.” ESAGCS was founded in 1972 and serves Delaware, the eastern shore of Maryland and the Mid-Atlantic Region. Kohler donated 570 engines to schools across America. The donations, valued at more than $40,000, are intended to spark students’ interest in technical careers. The donations were made to more than 34 educational institutions and organizations throughout the Midwest. The gas and diesel engines will be used for student course work in high schools, technical schools and universities, among others. The engines, ranging from 6.5 to 23.4 hp, are being used to provide critical, hands-on experience while enhancing the students’ knowledge of small engines, including assembly and disassembly, etc.


ANNOUNCEMENT George A. Psyhojos was named president and chief executive offcer of Curtis Industries. Psyhojos previously was president and CEO of Berkshire Manufactured Products Inc. and vice president and managing director of Arthur D. Little Inc.’s operations management practice. He has undergraduate and graduate degrees in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.



Allan Dufoe was chosen turf and ornamental key account manager for FMC and will be responsible primarily for the company’s nursery and greenhouse market. Dufoe joined FMC in 1996 as a technical sales representative in the specialty products business, providing support and training for the pest management professional industry. In 2011, he became a market specialist for the turf and ornamental market. He has a bachelor’s degree in entomology from the University of New Hampshire and will receive a master’s in agriculture and life sciences from Virginia Polytechnic and State University this year. Noble Hawk Golf Links in Kendallville, Ind., won the “Holganix Roots for You” competition to discover the deepest, healthiest roots in the golf course industry, receiving a $500 cash prize as well as a $500 cash prize donation made in the winner’s name to GCSAA’s Environmental Institute for Golf (EIFG). The winner was former Noble Hawk superintendent Anthony Landgraff, who left the golf course to create his own lawn care company. Holganix is a 100 percent organic, bionutritional turf and plant fertility product that allows golf courses to reduce


their use of chemicals, ultimately reducing their environmental footprint. The Houstonian Golf & Country Club in Richmond, Texas, won 60 gallons of MultiGuard Protect nematicide in the company’s 2014 Golf Industry Show giveaway. MultiGuard is a product of Agriguard Co. LLC, which mailed coupons worth $5 off every gallon of MultiGuard to GIS attendees who entered the giveaway. Stoller Enterprises Inc., Jerry Stoller and David Alexander were found guilty of violating the Lanham Act by intentionally spreading falsehoods about LidoChem Inc. and its Performance Nutrition products and tortuously interfering with business relationships by a jury trial in the U.S. District Court Western Division of Michigan Southern Division presided by the Honorable Robert J. Jonker. The jury awarded LidoChem Inc. $12 million in damages. LidoChem, through its Performance Nutrition division, supplies patented fertilizers, chelated micronutrients, soil amendments and related products to growers nationwide.


Sean McNerney was named area sales manager for the North American turf and ornamentals business in southwest Florida for Bayer CropScience. McNerney most recently was golf course superintendent at Landirr Inc. He has an associate degree of applied science in golf course management from Daytona Beach Community College. Ryan Zook joined Barenbrug USA as international sales manager. Zook completed undergraduate studies at Marylhurst University with a B.A. in communications. Before joining Barenbrug, Zook was with Ioka Marketing, where he was responsible for marketing and selling their product to local, national and international customers. He also has served as secretary/treasurer of the Willamette Valley Specialty Seeds Association and as a committee member of the Oregon Forage and Grassland Council. Cliff Stewart is a new sales representative at STEC Equipment. Stewart, based in Anderson, S.C., has nearly 20 years of experience in the golf course maintenance industry. Most recently, he was a golf course superintendent at

Gainey Ranch Golf Club in Scottsdale, Ariz., and The Club at Seven Canyons in Sedona, Ariz. He received his bachelor’s degree in turfgrass science from Eastern Kentucky University. Calvin Leach was hired as brand director specialty accounts for Prime Source. Leach started his career managing a pest control company before entering the basic manufacturer side of the industry with EcoSmart to develop and launch minimum-risk pesticides. Later he joined Prentiss (which became Envincio), serving as business development and sales manager. Lisa Alexander was named customer engagement and marketing specialist for Select Source. Alexander manages the customer experience, including receiving, entering and fulflling orders and ensuring that products are delivered to customers in a timely and effcient manner. She also serves as an extension of the feld sales team while also coordinating marketing activities across the company. Mark DelSantro was hired as Northeast territory manager by UPI. DelSantro previously worked for Pocono Turf

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Supply and Syngenta and spent 17 years as a golf course superintendent. DelSantro graduated from Iowa State University with a bachelor’s degree in horticulture and got an MBA from Penn State University. Matthew Elmore was hired as an assistant professor and Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service turfgrass specialist for the Dallas region. He currently is completing his doctoral studies at the University of Tennessee and begins his job in August. Elmore earned a bachelor’s degree in turfgrass science from Penn State and a master’s degree in plant science from Tennessee. Paul O’Brien became the fourth partner in the frm at (re)Golf, a global golf design practice. O’Brien is a senior member of the European Institute of Golf Course Architects and formerly senior design associate with Jeff Howes Golf Design. Initially, O’Brien expects to spend a signifcant proportion of his time in Scandinavia, where (re)Golf has more than 20 active projects. Frequent GCM contributor Stacie Zinn Roberts has a new book out titled “How to Live Your Passion &

Fulfll Your Dreams.” It explores the “What’s Your Avocado?” personal empowerment concept developed by Roberts. It is a methodology by which readers can get back in touch with the person they once were; rediscover the dreams and aspirations left behind; and set out a new path of healing, happiness and hope. The book is available through com and in print and Kindle versions. Architect Robert Trent Jones Sr. is the subject of a new book titled “A Diffcult Par: Robert Trent Jones Sr. and the Making of Modern Golf” by James R. Hansen. Between 1930 and 2000, Jones designed more than 400 golf courses spread across 43 states and 27 other nations. The book is available in hardcover and e-book formats. Folds of Honor named former PGA President Allen Wronowski its Northeast ambassador. Wronowski is responsible for seeking new partnerships and other opportunities in the greater Baltimore area and throughout the Northeast. Folds of Honor is a charitable

organization with a mission to empower deserving military families with support and opportunities by providing educational scholarships for children and spouses of military service men and women killed or disabled while serving the U.S. A party of 70 Ransomes Jacobsen guests and staff from Europe, augmented by another 20 from the AsiaPacifc territory, attended the Golf Industry Show in Orlando. Activities included a day of golf at Grand Cypress Golf Club, Jacobsen’s Super Bowl party, a visit to Jacobsen’s manufacturing facility in Charlotte, a tour of the maintenance facilities at Arnold Palmer’s Bay Hill Golf & Country Club and a visit to the combined Smithco/ Turfco demonstration at Reunion Resort. Pacifc Gales, a proposed golf project in southern Oregon, received a conditional use permit. The 18-hole links course is being built on a portion of the privately owned Knapp Ranch located between Cape Blanco and Port Orford. The grand opening for Pacifc Gales currently is projected for spring 2016. Bill Corcoran, CSE, territory manager

MELT TheM away millennium melts weeds out of turf Millennium™ Ultra 2 herbicide is designed to control diffcult weeds in commercial turf with a single application. Better yet, Millennium’s unique chemistry rapidly “melts” weeds away, leaving no trace of unsightly dead weeds behind. Let your weeds – and your worries – melt away with Millennium Ultra 2. Learn more. ©2014 Nufarm. Important: Always read and follow label instructions. Millennium™ is a trademark of Nufarm.

for Turf Equipment and Supply, recently was added to The First Tee of Greater Philadelphia board of directors. Corcoran joins Frank T. Shuman, a 41-year member of GCSAA, and 27-year association member Jay Parisien, CGCS, from Bala GC, who are currently on the board. Corcoran was a presenter recently at The First Tee’s “Live Green” program sponsored by The Toro Co. and Audubon International and was one of the organizers fo a volunteer event where PAGCS members worked for two days aerating Walnut Lane GC, home of The First Tee of Greater Philadelphia.

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Working together to increase participation of people with disabilities in the game of golf

We’ve seen them first-hand. The benefits of golf are endless. This lifelong game provides golfers with the abilit to socialize, while working out their mental and ph sical muscles. These benefits are exponential for individuals with disabilities. That is wh the National Alliance for Accessible Golf seeks to bring more people with disabilities into the game through inclusive learning and pla ing opportunities.

AWARENESS – • Toolkit for Golf Course Owners – Provide guidance to operators seeking wa s to make their golf courses and facilities more accessible to golfers with disabilities.

• Toolkit for Golfers – Provide general guidance for individuals with disabilities who are interested in the game of golf. TRAINING – Technical assistance and programs designed for golf professionals, allied health professionals, ph sical educators, facilit owners and others interested in learning more about accessible golf and inclusive learning. FUNDING – Grants funds to organizations providing golf programs for individuals with disabilities, particularl those which promote inclusion, in partnership with the USGA.

Programs across the country benefit from funding provided by the Alliance including (left) The Children’s Course in Gladstone, OR, and the Golf Academy of Columbia in Columbia, SC (right).

Visit to download the Toolkit for Golf Course Owners and learn more about the individuals and organizations who support this initiative.

National Alliance for Accessible Golf 1733 King Street • Alexandria, VA • 22314

(photo quiz answers) By John Mascaro President of Turf-Tec International


PROBLEM The golf course superintendent at this Indiana course observed a strip of brown turf on the edge of a bluegrass/bentgrass fairway one afternoon during a week of unusually hot temperatures. The golf course has an older pump station and a single-row fairway irrigation system, so a little stress near the edges of the fairway during stress periods was somewhat common. This is typically one of the best fairways on the course, so the stressed area was not immediately visible. When the superintendent frst saw the stressed area, he thought it might have been caused by a buried drain tile. Upon looking around, he noticed the sprinkler placement and the 150-yard marker and realized that the marker was defecting the irrigation water as it rotated, creating the stressed area. After a good laugh, he decided to take a photo of the area and share it with his other superintendent friends in the Photo Quiz. Photo submitted by Brian Feldman, superintendent at the Sprig O’Mint Golf Course in Bremen, Ind., and a four-year GCSAA member.



These brown lines partially circling the cup on a putting green are the result of a club game night gone awry. As it turns out, the damage is phytotoxic damage caused by remnants of glow sticks that were used during a nighttime chipping contest. In the name of creativity, the golf staff decided to break open a handful of glow sticks and then soaked string in the fuid. When it came time for game night, they placed the string in a circle on the putting green around the target hole. A few days later the circle was still very apparent. When the superintendent saw the damage, he frst thought it may have been the result of a leaky gas tank on a backpack blower, but quickly dismissed that theory because of the solid lines and the pattern of the damage. After a discussion with the golf staff about their setup for the games, it did not take long to put together what had happened. “Wow, I didn’t think that would do that” and “The glow stick packaging said non-toxic” were the primary responses the superintendent got from the golf staff once the culprit was identifed. Spring aerifcation and topdressing began the day after the tournament, and the area healed over fairly quickly. Photo submitted by Tim Huber, superintendent at The Club at Carlton Woods in The Woodlands, Texas, and a nine-year member of GCSAA.

If you would like to submit a photograph for John Mascaro’s Photo Quiz, please send it to: John Mascaro, 1471 Capital Circle NW, Suite #13, Tallahassee, FL 32303, or e-mail to If your photograph is selected, you will receive full credit. All photos submitted will become property of GCM and GCSAA.

Presented in partnership with Jacobsen




May 1-4 — PGA Tour, Wells Fargo Championship, Quail Hollow Club, Charlotte, N.C., Chris Deariso, GCSAA Class A superintendent.


(Climbing the ladder)

May 1-4 — Tour, South Georgia Classic presented by First State Bank and Trust Co., Kinderlou Forest Golf Club, Valdosta, Ga., Heath Allen Jr., GCSAA Class A superintendent.

Greg Leach Was: Is:

Assistant superintendent Lubbock (Texas) Country Club Superintendent Lubbock CC

May 1-4 — LPGA, North Texas LPGA Shootout presented by JTBC, Las Colinas CC, Irving, Texas, Rob Wiggins, GCSAA Class A superintendent. May 1-4 — European Tour, The Championship, Blackstone Golf Club, Incheon, Seoul, South Korea. May 2-4 — Champions Tour, Insperity Invitational, The Woodlands CC, The Woodlands, Texas, Chris Hartman, GCSAA Class A superintendent.

May 2-4 — Symetra Tour, Chico’s

Getting to know you Greg Leach helped save the greens at Lubbock CC. It also is the same place where he may have saved a life. In December 2010, Leach raced to the aid of a woman whose automobile plunged into a lake at No. 15. The woman apparently had been there a while when Leach was notifed by one of the crew. “We had gotten down to about 25 degrees the night before and there still was ice on the edge of the pond,” Leach says. “At the time, we didn’t know there was somebody in the car.” Once Leach realized there was, he kicked off his shoes, waded chest-deep into the lake, and encountered water up to the windows. Leach says he “heard her moans” before he unbuckled her seat belt and dragged her to the lake bank. The woman recovered. So did two fairways. “Tow trucks had come in,” Leach says, “and we had six sets of ruts we had to fx.”

Patty Berg Memorial, Cypress Lake CC, Fort Myers, Fla., Bryce Koch, GCSAA Class A superintendent.

May 8-11 — PGA Tour, The Players Championship, TPC Sawgrass, Ponte Vedra Beach, Fla., Tom Vlach, CGCS, director of agronomy. May 8-11 — Symetra Tour, Self Regional Healthcare Foundation Women’s Health Charity Classic, Links at Stoney Point, Greenwood, S.C., Billy Ford, superintendent.

Q: Who has given you great advice? A: My grandfather (Don Leach). He told me you’re going to have to choose to be a leader or a fol-

May 8-11 — European Tour, Madeira Island Open, Portugal BPI, Club de Golf do Santo da Serra, Madeira, Portugal.


May 15-18 — PGA Tour, HP Byron Nelson Championship, TPC Four Seasons Resort, Irving, Texas, Anthony Benes, superintendent.

lower. If you’re a follower, be a good soldier. If you’re a leader, lead with integrity. Those are words I’ve really held onto.

When you became interim superintendent last year, you encountered a major issue. How did that work out?

A: We lost 60-70 percent of the turf on the greens. In a two-week period, we stripped them, turned

them over and resurfaced them. Now we are right on track. They are 98 or 99 percent covered right now (as of mid-March).

May 15-18 — Champions Tour, Regions Tradition, Shoal Creek, Shoal Creek, Ala., James Simmons, superintendent.

May 15-18 — Tour, BMW

Q: When you offcially became superintendent in February, what did it mean to you? A: This is a destination job for me. I have a sense of fulfllment. I am where I want to be. Howard Richman, GCM associate editor



Charity Pro-Am presented by Synnex Corp., Thornblade Club, Greer, S.C., Randall Long, GCSAA Class A superintendent.

May 15-18 — LPGA, Kingsmill Championship presented by JTBC, Kingsmill Resort River Course, Williams-

June 25 — Research and

burg, Va., Chad Compton, superintendent.

Raleigh, N.C., Todd Lawrence, CGCS.


May 15-18 — European Tour, Open

May 22-25 — European Tour, BMW

May 5-6 — ISA Certifed Arborists

de Espana, PGA Catalunya Resort, Girona, Spain.

Championship, Wentworth Club, Virginia Water, Surrey, England.

May 16-18 — Symetra Tour, Friends of Mission Charity Classic, CC of Asheville, Asheville, N.C., Robert Watts Jr., superintendent.

May 29-June 1 — PGA Tour, The Memorial Tournament presented by Nationwide Insurance, Muirfeld Village Golf Club, Dublin, Ohio, Paul B. Latshaw, CGCS, director of grounds operations.

May 22-24 — Symetra Tour, Symetra Classic, Raintree CC, Charlotte, N.C., Bradley Fellrath, CGCS.

May 22-25 — PGA Tour, Crowne Plaza Invitational at Colonial, Colonial CC, Fort Worth, Texas, Scott Ebers, CGCS.

May 22-25 — Champions Tour, Senior PGA Championship presented by KitchenAid, The Golf Club at Harbor Shores, Benton Harbor, Mich., Brad Fry, GCSAA Class A superintendent.

May 22-25 — LPGA, Airbus LPGA Classic presented by JTBC, RTJ Golf Trail, Magnolia Grove, and The Crossings, Mobile, Ala., Newt Billingsley, superintendent.

May 22-25 — Tour, Rex Hospital Open, TPC Wakefeld Plantation,

May 29-June 1 — European Tour, Nordea Masters, PGA Sweden National, Malmo, Sweden. May 30-June 1 — Champions Tour, Principal Charity Classic, Wakonda Club, Des Moines, Iowa, John Temme, GCSAA Class A superintendent.

May 30-June 1 — LPGA, Shop Rite LPGA Classic presented by Acer Info, Stockton Seaview Hotel and GC Bay Course, Galloway, N.J., Donovan Maguigan, superintendent.

Preparation Course, Bernheim Arboretum, Clermont, Ky. Website:

May 7 — University of Arizona Karsten Field Day, Karsten Turf Facility, Tucson Phone: 480-609-6778 Email: Website:

May 12 — Annual James Brandt Scholarship Fundraiser, Crestwicke CC, Bloomington, Ill. Phone: 309-533-5838 Email: Website:

May 15 — CEU Day sponsored by Wilbur-Ellis, Hilton Doubletree, Tempe, Ariz. Phone: 480-609-6778 Website:

May 21 — Miami Valley GCSA Field


May 1 — Intermountain GCSA Spring Event sponsored by RTM Phone: 801-282-5274

Day, Windy Knoll, Springfeld, Ohio Phone: 937-294-6842 Email: Website:

Demonstration Day, Southeastern Turfgrass Research Center, Lexington, Ky. Email: Website:

July 15 — UConn Turfgrass Field Day, Plant Science Research and Education Facility, Storrs, Conn. Phone: 888-561-7778 Website:

July 24 — Iowa Turfgrass Field Day, Horticulture Research Station, Ames Host superintendent: Dan Strey Phone: 515-635-0307 Website:

July 29-30 — Rutgers Turfgrass Research Field Days, Hort Farm II, Brunswick; and Adelphia Farm, Freehold Phone: 973-812-6467


ARIZONA Jim R. Guinn, Associate, Glendale ARKANSAS Robert W. Wiesner, Student, Fayetteville CALIFORNIA Jon Christensen, Supt. Mbr., Chowchilla



Jeremy L. Clay, Supt. Mbr., Atascadero Julio J. Riojas, Student, Riverside Priti Saxena, Educator, Riverside

(In the field)

Northwest David Phipps Once in a lifetime you come across an individual who exceeds all expectations, and you know this person will be doing special things with his or her life. Unfortunately, Jason Oliver’s life ended much too soon. In Jason’s short time on this earth he touched many lives, and through their generous support, the Jason Oliver Memorial Scholarship was established. This endowed fund is held at the Oregon State Jason Oliver, pictured with Tiger Woods at Stanford University GC University Foundation and will create an where he was the assistant superintendent, died in 2010 at age 25. Photo opportunity to promote the education of courtesy of the Oliver family future turfgrass managers while honoring the memory of another. Recipients will be undergraduate and graduate students who carry a GPA of 3.25 or above and are studying in OSU’s turf management program within the department of horticulture in the college of agricultural sciences. Jason Oliver had an unquenchable thirst for knowledge and education. He met every learning opportunity with excitement and passion. Jason wanted to be the very best in everything he pursued. Jason was well on his way to reaching his dream of becoming a certified golf course superintendent. He also wanted to become the youngest president in the history of GCSAA. He is greatly missed by family and friends, but his hard work and passion can live on in perpetuity through this scholarship. If you wish to contribute, please make your check payable to “OSU Foundation” with Jason Oliver Memorial Scholarship on the memo line and send it to 850 S.W. 35th St., Corvallis, OR 97333. For more information, contact OSU Foundation development officer Jack Holpuch at

Mid-Atlantic Chase Rogan So, what is the value of networking? I think to truly determine its value, we can only look back and see what past networking has accomplished for us. For example, I can take every significant move in my career thus far and track it back to a number of first-time handshakes that ended up creating new opportunities later in my career. When you look at the value of networking through this hindsight lens, I’d say it’s pretty high. I always stress the value of face-to-face networking and how important it is, especially in the context of Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and other social media trends. I still believe the highest value in our local, regional and national conferences and meetings is networking — excuse me, face-to-face networking. When is the last time you heard about Joe Bean getting hired because his employer enjoyed his tweets? Or that the same potential employer could get a good feel for Joe’s personality and character based off his Facebook posts? Or that the employer really valued Joe’s team-oriented attitude after seeing his Instagram photographs? My answer: never! Don’t get me wrong, I am an avid user of social media myself, and I believe it is a tremendous tool in today’s business and personal worlds. But do these social media outlets replace the value we realize in face-to-face networking? I do believe these social media sites are a great way to stay in tune with current news and information from around the world, which is pretty cool. They can also work as a great “introductory” tool. While there is no doubt that social media has its place in today’s business world, the key cog in professional network development still remains face-to-face interaction.

For the latest blog posts from all of GCSAA’s feld staff representatives, visit community/regions.aspx.



COLORADO Brad J. Wagner, Associate, Englewood CONNECTICUT Bill A. Abbe, Supt. Mbr., East Hartford Joseph T. Imperio, Class C, New Canaan FLORIDA Tristan T. Burch, Student, Lakeland Robert K. Hitchcock, Student, Citra Marc Lajeunesse, Student, Winter Park Robert J. Mulhare, Student, Lake City John Raycroft, Associate, Melbourne Javier Valero, Associate, Naples GEORGIA Jon D. Bradberry, Student, Athens ILLINOIS Derek A. Love, Class C, Chicago Rolando A. Ramos, Class C, East Moline INDIANA Charles Kaser, Associate, Fishers KENTUCKY Jordan C. Alexander, Class C, Louisville LOUISIANA David L. Edgar, Class C, Monroe MARYLAND Nicholas A. Albrecht, Class C, Pikesville Mark T. Best, Supt. Mbr., Oakland John Critzos, Student, College Park Gabriel D. Gammill, Student, College Park MASSACHUSETTS Glenn K. Johnson, Class C, Dedham Shaun S. Mitchell, Class C, Worcester Andrew D. Travers, Student, Amherst MISSOURI Nicholas J. Althauser Jr., Student, Lee’s Summit Casey Corbin, Class C, Kansas City Justin M. Thomas, Student, Linn Steve B. Urbansky, Class C, Saint Louis Brent Vardsveen, Class C, Eureka NEBRASKA Jason T. Wilcox, Supt. Mbr., Scottsbluff NEVADA Christopher M. Miera, Class C, West Wendover NEW HAMPSHIRE Zachary J. McNamara, Class C, Bedford

NEW JERSEY Brent J. Daniels, Student, New Brunswick Stephen P. Juhring, Class C, Hillsborough Adam C. Knieriem, Student, New Brunswick Nicholas J. von Wiegen, Student, New Brunswick Michael D. Williams, Student, New Brunswick NORTH CAROLINA Cameron A. Blair, Class C, Charlotte William J. Fox II, Class C, Statesville Robert C. Hahn, Class C, Concord OHIO Cory Cardwell, Student, Wooster Michael R. Dame, Supt. Mbr., Brunswick OKLAHOMA Garrett E. Barnes, Student, Stillwater OREGON Jake Palanuk, Class C, Gresham PENNSYLVANIA Robert E. Lindsay, Class C, Freeport Aaron A. Luzier, Class C, Ligonier Jeremy D. Schwenk, Class C, Chadds Ford Robert Sicinski, Student, University Park Chris R. Toporski, Class C, Valley Forge Steven D. Turner, Class C, York Matthew R. Weissman, Class C, Moosic SOUTH CAROLINA John H. Franklin III, Supt. Mbr., McCormick Chris M. Jordan, Class C, Clemson Zachary E. Ramey, Supt. Mbr., Simpsonville Randall T. Story, Class C, Columbia TENNESSEE Adam T. Adkins, Class C, Franklin James C. Pique, Supt. Mbr., Knoxville TEXAS Will Bentley, Class C, Lubbock Jacob K. Blalock, Student, College Station Jacob A. Boelsche, Student, College Station Daniel Foley, Class C, San Antonio Colton Janicek, Student, College Station VERMONT Nicole Krieger, Class C, Woodstock WASHINGTON Robert A. Scott, Class C, Bainbridge Island

Richard T. Simpson, Affliate, Bellevue WISCONSIN Sean J. Nitka, Student, Fennimore William J. Perry, Associate, Minocqua AUSTRALIA Andrew G. Boyle, ISM, Yarralumla, Act CANADA Steve C. Gruhl, ISM, Keene, Ontario Mark R. Kolentsis, Class C, Calgary, Alberta Terry Spencer, ISM, Sudbury, Ontario CHINA Haibo Jin, ISM, Shanghai MEXICO Alejandro Campoy, ISM, Huixquilucan SPAIN Juan Carlos Ruiz Arruza, Class C, Son Servera UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Jojie C. Cruz, Supt. Mbr., Abu Dhabi

NEWLY CERTIFIED Darren J. Davis, CGCS, Olde Florida Golf Club, Naples, Fla.


ARIZONA David F. Herman Sr., CGCS, formerly (A) at Tucson City Golf, is now (ART) at University of Arizona in Tucson. Michael McClafferty, formerly (A) at Stonecreek Golf Club, is now (A) at Camelback Golf Club in Paradise Valley. Devin S. Murria, formerly (C) at Rancho Santa Fe Golf Club, is now (AF) at Jacobsen West in Tolleson. David Scharfen, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Elkhorn Golf Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Torreon Golf Club in Show Low. Brian N. Udick, formerly (C) at Forest Highlands Golf Club-Canyon Course, is now (C) at Forest Highlands Golf Club Meadow Course in Flagstaff. Jay P. Wade, formerly (C) at Desert Mountain Club-Outlaw Course, is now (C) at Tegavah Golf Club in Rio Verde. CALIFORNIA Bob Franco, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Micke Grove Golf Links, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Valencia Country Club in Valencia. Michael N. Magnani, formerly (S) at Cali-

fornia Polytechnic State University, is now (C) at Cypress Point Club in Pebble Beach. Kyle Marshall, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Summit Pointe Golf Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Rancho San Joaquin Golf Course in Irvine. Kyle Mead, formerly (C) at Woodcreek Golf Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Woodcreek Golf Club in Roseville. Drew Nottenkamper, formerly (AS) at Pasatiempo Golf Club, is now (AS) at Cypress Point Club in Pebble Beach.

in Summerfeld. Jeff Visser, formerly (S) at Iowa State University, is now (C) at Fazio Course at PGA National Golf Club in Palm Beach Gardens. Rusty Workman, formerly (AFCR) at Rain Bird Corp.-Golf Div., is now (AFCR) at Golf Ventures in Lakeland.

Erie Country Club in Erie. Rusty Willard, formerly (C) at Golf Club at Harbor Shores, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at The Glen Club in Glenview. Nicklaus Yackle, formerly (S) at Rutgers University/Cook College, is now (C) at Medinah Country Club in Medinah.

IDAHO Ken M. Thornock, formerly (C) at Elkhorn Golf Club, is now (C) at The Valley Club in Hailey.

COLORADO David A. Hadley, formerly (C) at Lee Park Golf Course, is now (AS) at The Golf Club at Redlands Mesa in Grand Junction. Scott J. Metz, formerly (C) at Perry Park Country Club, is now (C) at Broadmoor Golf Club in Colorado Springs.

ILLINOIS Rodney D. Borrowman, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Hamlet Golf & Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Piper Glen Golf Course in Springfeld. Jeremy L. Duncan, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Cantigny Golf, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Fox Run Golf Links in Elk Grove Village. Stephen J. Hope, formerly (C) at The Ivanhoe Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Canyata Golf Club in Marshall. Matthew L. Sayers, formerly (C) at Yocha Dehe Golf Club, is now (C) at Country Club of Decatur in Decatur. Daniel J. Tully, formerly (A) at White Hawk Country Club, is now (A) at Twin Orchard Country Club in Lake Zurich. Derek Weber, formerly (C) at Short Hills Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Lake

INDIANA Kyle Callahan, formerly (C) at Crooked Stick Golf Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Victoria National Golf Club in Newburgh. Ryan Cummings, formerly (A) at Plymouth Country Club, is now (A) at Elcona Country Club in Bristol. Kurt Germann, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Stonehenge Golf Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Autumn Ridge Golf Course in Fort Wayne.

CONNECTICUT Kayle Fullforth, formerly (S) at SUNY Delhi, is now (C) at Round Hill Club in Greenwich. FLORIDA Steven T. Jones, formerly (S) at University of Georgia, is now (C) at Medalist Golf Club in Hobe Sound. Dana R. Orr, formerly (I), is now (A) at Eagle Ridge at Spruce Creek Country Club



IOWA Theodore M. Gutman Jr., formerly (C) at Spirit Hollow, is now (C) at Des Moines Golf & Country Club in West Des Moines. KANSAS Sean F. Berger, formerly (C) at National Golf Links of America, is now (C) at Wolf Creek Golf Links Inc. in Olathe. Andy Klein, formerly (A) at Falcon Lakes Golf Club, is now (A) at Falcon Ridge Golf Course in Lenexa.

MARYLAND Matthew J. Park, formerly (S) at University of Maryland, is now (C) at Congressional Country Club in Bethesda. Bryan E. Shepherd, formerly (C) at Sparrows Point Country Club, is now (C) at Towson Golf & Country Club in Phoenix. Peter M. Wendt, CGCS, formerly (A) at Kinloch Golf Club, is now (A) at Woodmont Country Club in Rockville. Cory M. Wesselman, formerly (C) at Kinloch Golf Club, is now (C) at Hillendale Country Club in Phoenix. MASSACHUSETTS Evan Embrey, formerly (C) at The Woodlands Club, is now (C) at Myopia Hunt Club in South Hamilton. Peter E. Ervin, formerly (C) at Winchester Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Captains Golf Course in Brewster. Eric M. Horrocks, formerly (C) at Brae Burn Country Club, is now (C) at Belmont Country Club in Belmont. Michael Hughes, formerly (C) at Walpole Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Whitinsville Golf Club in Whitinsville. David W. Johnson, formerly (A) at Whitinsville Golf Club, is now (A) at Wianno Club, Inc. in Osterville. Robert E. Kenngott, formerly (AS) at The National Golf Club of Kansas City, is

now (AS) at Nashawtuc Country Club in Concord. Joshua S. Noiles, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Cape Neddick Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Shaker Hills Golf Club in Harvard. Michael C. Salinetti, formerly (A) at Berkshire Hills Country Club, is now (A) at Coldspring Golf Course in Belchertown. Jonathan F. Wilber-Suchanek, formerly (C) at National Golf Links of America, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Myopia Hunt Club in South Hamilton. MICHIGAN Scott M. Goniwiecha, formerly (A) at The Glen Club, is now (A) at Dunes Club in New Buffalo. Ian K. Hamilton, formerly (C) at The Patterson Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Apple Mountain Golf Club in Freeland. MINNESOTA Robbie W. Holmes, formerly (C) at Somerby Golf Club, is now (C) at Minnesota Valley Country Club in Minneapolis. Todd J. Mott, formerly (S) at Anoka Technical College, is now (C) at Hillcrest Golf Club of St. Paul in Saint Paul. Michael R. Semler, formerly (A) at The Bruce Co., is now (A) at Reliable Property Services in Saint Paul. James D. Stanger, formerly (Supt. Mbr.)

at Jesup Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Heritage Links Golf Club in Lakeville. Troy Tschida, formerly (C) at Medina Golf & Repair, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Theodore Wirth Golf Course in Minneapolis. Jenna Wolff, formerly (AS) at Woodhill Country Club, is now (C) at Medina Golf & Country Club in Medina.

Kevin Templin, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Cascata, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Key Golf Management in Henderson.

MISSISSIPPI Charles C. Simpson II, formerly (C) at Oaks Golf Club, is now (C) at Fallen Oak Golf Club in Saucier.

NEW JERSEY Austin Grimshaw, formerly (S) at University of Georgia, is now (S) at Rutgers University/Cook College in New Brunswick. John Heid, formerly (C) at Country Club of Maryland, is now (C) at Hamilton Farm Golf Club in Gladstone. Craig Kraft, formerly (C) at Pinch Brook Golf Course, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Pinch Brook Golf Course in Florham Park.

MISSOURI Casey Cunningham, formerly (C) at The Club At Old Hawthorne, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at The Club At Old Hawthorne in Columbia. MONTANA Cole D. Clark, formerly (C) at Exchange City Golf Corp., is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Stillwater Golf & Recreation in Columbus. NEBRASKA Bill C. Kreuser, formerly (S) at Cornell University, is now (E) at University of Nebraska at Lincoln. NEVADA Jonathan Dodds, formerly (I), is now (A) at Rio Secco Golf Club in Henderson.

NEW HAMPSHIRE Sean D. O’Brien, formerly (C) at Manchester Country Club, is now (C) at Lake Sunapee Country Club in New London.

NEW YORK Andrew Agnew, formerly (C) at Sleepy Hollow Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Mount Kisco Country Club in Mount Kisco. Scott M. Blough, formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Trump National Golf Club-Westchester, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Nassau Country Club in Glen Cove. Thomas Collins, formerly (C) at Garden City Country Club, is now (C) at The Garden City Golf Club in Garden City.

Kyle Ebert, formerly (C) at Port Jefferson Country Club@Harbor Hills, is now (C) at Nassau Country Club in Glen Cove. Andrew C. Eick, formerly (C) at Locust Hill Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Mohawk Golf Club in Schenectady. Khlar H. Holthouse, CGCS, formerly (A) at Niagara Falls Country Club, is now (A) at River Oaks Golf Club in Grand Island. Aaron R. Madison, formerly (C) at Glen Oaks Club, Inc, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Wolferts Roost Country Club in Albany. Todd N. Tetreault, formerly (C) at Country Club of Darien, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Lake Isle Country Club in Eastchester. NORTH CAROLINA Brannon Goodrich, CGCS, formerly (A) at Dallas National Golf Club, is now (A) at Carmel Country Club in Charlotte. Clinton E. Tingen, formerly (S) at North Carolina State University, is now (C) at Twelve Oaks Golf Course in Holly Springs. NORTH DAKOTA Andrew Hokanson, formerly (C) at Grand Forks Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Creel Bay Golf Course in Devil’s Lake. OREGON Jeff Stahman, formerly (C) at Entrada at Snow Canyon, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Quail

Ridge Golf Course in Baker City. PENNSYLVANIA Stephen A. Cipollone, formerly (C) at Stonewall Golf Links, is now (C) at French Creek Golf Club in Elverson. J.P. Miller, formerly (C) at Philadelphia Cricket Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Philadelphia Cricket Club in Flourtown. Jonathan J. Suitch, formerly (C) at Winchester Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Chambersburg Country Club in Scotland. SOUTH CAROLINA Jonathan K. Black, formerly (C) at Mountain Top Golf and Lake Club, is now (C) at Heron Point in Hilton Head Island. Paul Coupland, formerly (C) at Wild Dunes Resort-Harbor Course, is now (C) at Wild Dunes Resort-Links Course in Isle of Palms. Christopher J. Strickland, formerly (I), is now (A) at Island Green Golf Club in Myrtle Beach. Daniel B. Sullivan, formerly (C) at Prestonwood Country Club, is now (C) at Florence Country Club in Florence. TENNESSEE Tyler G. Hellard, formerly (C) at Westhaven Golf Club, is now (C) at Old Natchez Country Club in Franklin. Calvin T. Ingram, formerly (C) at Bluegrass Yacht & Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Bluegrass Yacht & Country Club in Hendersonville. TEXAS Christopher Bussard, formerly (C) at Longwood Golf Club, is now (C) at Bear Creek Golf World in Houston. Carl S. Gerhard, formerly (S) at Texas A&M University, is now (C) at Four Seasons Resort and Club in Irving. Tom Horsman Jr., formerly (Supt. Mbr.) at Bidwell Park Golf Course, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at South Padre Island Course at South Padre Island Golf Club in Laguna Vista. Brant A. King, formerly (E) at Western Texas College, is now (AF) at Austin Parks & Recreation in Austin. Dennis R. Klene Jr., formerly (A) at Evergreen Point Golf Course, is now (A) at

Texas Sports Sands in Garland. Matt Weitz, formerly (A) at Victoria National Golf Club, is now (A) at The Vaquero Club in Westlake. W. Karl Zschach, formerly (I), is now (C) at Coyote Ridge Golf Club in Carrollton. VERMONT Gregory Bean, formerly (A) at Orleans Country Club, is now (A) at Newport Country Club in Newport. WASHINGTON Jay Geise, formerly (C) at The Plateau Club, is now (C) at Canterwood Golf & Country Club in Gig Harbor. WISCONSIN Jered T. Kamin, formerly (C) at The Legend at Bergamont, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at The Legend at Bergamont in Oregon. Joe E. McLaughlin, formerly (S) at Penn State University, is now (C) at Janesville Country Club in Janesville. CANADA Tim R. Baxter, formerly (A) at Sutton Creek Golf & Country Club, is now (A) at Mountain Meadows Golf Course in Elkford, British Columbia. Brett D. Finlayson, formerly (ISM) at Arbutus Ridge Golf Club, is now (ISM) at Olympic View Golf Club in Victoria, British Columbia. Jason Hanna, formerly (C) at Credit Valley Golf & Country Club, is now (Supt. Mbr.) at Credit Valley Golf & Country Club in Mississauga, Ontario. CHINA Bing Wang, formerly (S) at Ohio State University, is now (AF) at Hannai Suntime Golf Investment Company in Hankou. SWEDEN Simeon Liljenberg, formerly (ISM) at Elisefarm Golf Club/Skyrup, is now (ISM) at Nordic GreenMaster in Nossebro.

GCM (ISSN 0192-3048 [print]; ISSN 2157-3085 [online]) is published monthly by GCSAA Communications Inc., 1421 Research Park Drive, Lawrence, KS 66049-3859, 785-841-2240. Subscriptions (all amounts U.S. funds only): $60 a year. Outside the United States and Canada, write for rates. Single copy: $5 for members, $7.50 for nonmembers. Offce of publication and editorial offce is at GCSAA, 1421 Research Park Drive, Lawrence, KS 66049-3859. Periodicals postage paid at Lawrence, Kan., and at additional mailing offces. POSTMASTER: Please send address changes to: Golf Course Management, 1421 Research Park Drive, Lawrence, KS 66049. CANADA POST: Publications mail agreement No. 40030949. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to P.O. Box 122, Niagara Falls, ONT L2E 6S8.









Recognition Program LebanonTurf is an innovative and progressive manufacturer of both granular fertilizer products as well as the pioneer in the emerging feld of biological plant nutrition. With more than 60 years of experience, LebanonTurf brings the most advanced research and technology to the development of practical and innovative fertilizer and grass seed solutions for the turf and landscape maintenance industry. Country Club MD, LebanonTurfâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s newest innovative golf course fertilizer, is redefning how a superintendent manages their putting greens. In addition to providing premium nutrients for the turf plants, Country Club MD also delivers stress-buffering biostimulants that help prepare greens for the inevitable stressful conditions that occur in every growing season. This unique combination affords superintendents the opportunity to have their greens maintain their optimum performance longer into stressful conditions and recover faster once growing conditions return to normal. The Lebanon, Pa. base company is a longtime supporter of the GCSAA and its philanthropic organization, The Environmental Institute for Golf. LebanonTurfâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Dog Days of Golf Calendar Contest LebanonTurf has been supporting golf course superintendents and their chapters through the Dog Days of Golf Calendar for more than a decade. This year, submissions will be open from May 1, 2014 until August 1, 2014. From the submissions, 14 dogs will be selected for the 2015 Dog Days of Golf Calendar. Owners of the selected dogs will be notifed in September, and the calendar will be distributed along with the November issue of GCM magazine. Then, at the Golf Industry Show in February, LebanonTurf will hold voting for the 11th Annual Dog of the Year contest in their booth, with the winner being announced in the April issue of GCM. In recognition of the most handsome hound, LebanonTurf will donate a $3,000 prize for your GCSAA affliated chapter and a $500 prize for you. A donation to a charitable cause will also be made in honor of the winner.

ADVERTISING INDEX & MARKETPLACE PLATINUM PARTNERS John Deere Co. ................................................4-5 (800) 257-7797 The Toro Co. ..................................................IFC-1 (800) 752-0463

GOLD PARTNERS Jacobsen ...................................................31, 101 (800) 232-5907 Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC ................. Cover 4 (909) 308-1633 .....................................................

SILVER PARTNERS Andersons Inc., The .......................................... 25 (800) 253-5296 .............. Arysta LifeScience .............................................. 19 (866) 761-9397 .............

ADVERTISERS Aquatrols Corporation ....................................... 39 (800) 257-7797 ..................... BoardTronics...................................................... 6-7 (800) 782-9938 Central Garden and Pet ....................................... 96 (816) 221-9189 Champion Turf Farms ......................................... 8-9 (888) 290-7377

Smithco, Inc................................................. Cover 3 (877) 833-7648 ..........................

Turf Screen ......................................................... 61 (267) 246-8654 .......................

Steven’s Water Monitoring ................................... 66 (215) 908-0044

Underhill ............................................... 17, Insert (800) 328-3986 .........................

SubAir Inc. ........................................................ 60 (800) 441-1880 .............

* Denotes regional advertisement Bold denotes affliate member

TRIMS Software International Inc. .................. 111 (800) 608-7467 Trojan Battery Company ...................................... 29 (800) 423-6569 .

East Coast Sod & Seed ...................................... 111 (856) 769-9555 Foley United ...................................................... 69 (800) 225-9810 .................. GCSAA Services 49, 65, 71, 81, 85, 89, 97, 108-110 (800) 472-7878 Georgia Seed Development Commission..... 81, Insert (303) 431-7333 ........................... Golf-Lift Div. Derek Weaver Co., Inc. ............... 111 (800) 788-9789

Offcial Publication of the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America

4 easy ways to subscribe

Barenbrug USA ................................. 33, Cover tip (800) 547-4101 .........................

GreensGroomer Worldwide, Inc......................... 11 (888) 298-8852 ext. 500 .......................................

Baroness ............................................................ 53 (707)283-0610 ............................

Grigg Bros. ........................................................ 35 (888) 623-7285

BASF ................................................................ 59 (888) 566-5506

Growth Products Ltd. ........................................ 57 (800) 648-7626

Bayer Environmental Science .................... 23*, 63 (866) 550-8785 .....................................................

Helena Chemical Company ............................... 13 (901) 752-4414 ...........

Company/Club ____________________________________________________________________________________________

J2 Golf Marketing ............................................... 87 (877) 263-1614

Phone _______________________________________________Fax ________________________________________________

Civitas Fungicide (a.k.a.Petro Canada) ............. 51 .............................................

Koch Agronomic Services, LLC. ........................ 41 (888) 547-4140 .........................

Floratine Products Group .................................. 75 (901) 853-2898 .......................

Milorganite ........................................................ 93 (800) 287-9645 .....................

FMC Professional Solutions ................... 65, Insert (800) 235-7368 ..........

National Alliance for Accessible Golf .................... 99

Lebanon Turf .......................................... 14-15, 73 (800) 350-6650 ...............

Nufarm .............................................................. 98 (800) 345-3330 .....................

Par Aide Products Co. ......................................2-3 (513) 470-0160 ........................

Peat, Inc. .......................................................... 111 (800) 441-1880 ...........................

PBI Gordon Corp...........................21, 92, 105, 107 (800) 971-7233 ....................

Penn State University .......................................... 67 (800) 233-4973 Pifer ................................................................. 111 (888) 442-8442

Quali-Pro ............................................................ 37 (888) 584-6598

PlanetAir Turf Products ..................................... 27 (877) 800-8845

Tee-2-Green Corp. ......................................... 44-45 (800) 547-0255 ....................

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Plant Food Co. Inc. .......................................... 106 (800) 562-1291 ................. Redexim North America ...................................23* (800) 597-5664 .......................


Daily Fee/Public Golf Course


# of holes




Club President Green Chairman













Private Golf Course

# of holes

(CP) (GC)


Semiprivate Golf Course

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Resort Golf Course


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Golf Association Rep.


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SGM Industries ................................................. 103 (630) 688-5192 .................



PHONE: 800.472.7878 FAX: 785.832.3643


Precision Laboratories, Inc. .............................. 43 (800_ 323-6280

Standard Golf Co. ................................... 49, Insert (866) 743-9773 ................



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Greens Height • Tee/Fairway Height


Fine • Blue/Fine • Tall



EAST COAST SOD & SEED 596 Pointers Auburn Road • Pilesgrove, NJ 08098

856-769-9555 05.14 GOLF COURSE MANAGEMENT


Do you have a photograph that you’d like the GCM staff to consider for The Final Shot? You can submit photos for consideration by e-mail to or to GCM editor-in-chief Scott Hollister at

Photographer George Guerra • Title Assistant superintendent • Course Spring Creek Golf & Country Club, Ripon, Calif. • GCSAA membership Two-year member • The shot Guerra captured this shot of the club’s 10th green early one morning in late February as the sun began to illuminate the trees that have long identifed this club, situated along the Stanislaus River and neighboring orchards just outside of Ripon, Calif., east of San Francisco. • Camera iPhone

saved ‘‘us money in chemicals The Smithco Star Command

by eliminating overlap and reduced labor costs because we can spray at ~Adam Bagwell; Crane Creek CC, Boise, ID high speeds...

...We will never go back to standard rate controllers, my assistants won’t let me! • Spray at speeds from 2 to 10 mph at a wide range of application rates. Automatically. • Never overspray again. Monitor shows an “As-Applied” map of the application. • Save up to 30% on chemicals and one-third on labor annually.

Start with the finest sprayers made, factory-fitted with the Smithco/ Capstan® SharpShooter,® Blended Pulse Technology and GPS enabled Raven Envizio Pro. Then start enjoying application rates from 0.4 gallons per 1000 sq. feet (GPT) to as much as 5 GPT at operating speeds from 2 to 10 mph and at any pressure necessary. AUTOMATICALLY. You'll see an “As-Applied” map of all this on your monitor as it’s taking place. Each nozzle automatically and instantly shuts off over areas that have already been sprayed and back on over unsprayed areas.

Get the whole story at...

If you’re not rotating two multi-site contact fungicides year-round, you’re leaving holes in your turf’s defense. JAN
























Daconil Action rotated with a traditional fungicide

Daconil Action rotated with Secure fungicide

Secure® fungicide is the ideal rotation partner with Daconil Action™ fungicide for season-long multi-site contact protection against the toughest turf diseases, including fungicide-resistant Dollar Spot. Secure is the only registered fungicide for turf in FRAC group 29, with no known resistance and low risk of future resistance. Daconil Action combines the power of Daconil® with a revolutionary turf protein booster that helps turf activate its own natural production of PR proteins. The result is turf that is stronger, healthier and better able to defend itself. Now, your systemic fungicide no longer replaces your contact applications but rather complements for inside-out protection. For more information on Daconil Action and Secure fungicides as part of a complete agronomic program, visit

©2014 Syngenta. Important: Always read and follow label instructions before buying or using Syngenta products. The label contains important conditions of sale, including limitations of remedy and warranty. All products may not be registered for sale or use in all states. Please check with your state or local Extension Service before buying or using Syngenta products. Daconil,® Daconil Action,™ the Alliance Frame, the Purpose Icon, and the Syngenta logo are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. Secure® is a registered trademark of Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha, LTD. MW 1LGG4019 03/14



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When a product does its job day in and day out - it works. When it saves you time, money, or water - it’s smart. When it does both - it’s from Underhill.

Products that™

UNDERHILL PRODUCT INDEX WATERING PRODUCTS NEW Premium Watering Hose, NEW Hose Repair Fittings .....................................................................................3 Magnum UltraMax Premium Nozzles ....................................................................................................................4 Magnum Nozzles, NEW Sweeper Nozzles, CoolPro Cooling Nozzles .......................................................................5 Precision Specifc Task Nozzles ............................................................................................................................6 DrainBlaster Cleaning Nozzle, RainPro Shower Nozzle ..........................................................................................7 Pro Locker / Nozzle Locker Kits .............................................................................................................................8 Mirage / Novo 2Wire .............................................................................................................................................9 Quick Coupler Valve & Keys, The Claw................................................................................................................10 Impact Sprinklers, HoseTap ................................................................................................................................11 SpotShot Kits, RollerPro Portable Sprinkler Base ................................................................................................12 Tracker, Deep Drip Stakes ...................................................................................................................................13 SuperKey XL, EasyReach Key, VersaLid, Splice Kit ..............................................................................................14 Gulp UltraMax Water Removal Pumps ................................................................................................................15 AuditMaster, CatchCan Pro Testing Products .....................................................................................................16 TurfSpy Glasses, HeadChecker Nozzle Gauge .....................................................................................................17 PROFILE TORO & RAINBIRD SPRINKLER NOZZLES Profle Solid Metal Golf Sprinkler Nozzles ................................................................................................... 18 - 19 WETTING AGENTS & SPECIALTY PRODUCTS Tournament-Ready Wetting Agent ......................................................................................................................20 Medalist, H2O Maximizer Liquid Wetting Agent ..................................................................................................21 Hydro-Wet Injectable Wetting Agent ...................................................................................................................22 NEW Tournament-Ready Plus Pellets with Actosol .............................................................................................22 Tournament-Ready Pellets, Hydro-Wet Pellets ....................................................................................................23 NEW H2O Maximizer Pellets................................................................................................................................24 Wetting Agent Selection Guide ...........................................................................................................................24 Bio-90 Adjuvant, Cadence Spreader, Water FX Conditioner ..............................................................................25 Anti-Foam Agent, K-Klean Tank Cleaner, Tank Cleaner, Benchmark Foam Marker .............................................26 PelletPro Applicators, LiquidPro Applicators ......................................................................................................27 NEW Flo-Pro Injector System, NEW Flo-Pro Inline Applicator ...................................................................... 28 - 29 MARKING SYSTEMS Sprinkler Head Yardage Markers ........................................................................................................................30 Fairway / Tee / Range Disc Markers, Valve Box / Universal Markers ...................................................................31


Products thatâ&#x201E;˘


UltraMax™ Red CUSTOM ENGINEERED HOSE BY UNDERHILL USING GOODYEAR TECHNOLOGY Featuring outstanding durability and performance, Underhill UltraMax™ Red hose employs the highest standard of precision engineering in design and manufacturing. UltraMax™ Red is the ultimate choice for long life under heavy use…made of EPDM synthetic rubber and reinforced with spiral synthetic yarn for extra strength under high working pressure. Don’t settle for less, choose the best!

features • Kink, tangle and abrasion resistant • Burst pressure 800 PSI • Machined Brass couplings EPDM rubber with spiral synthetic yarn construction

ordering UltraMax-Red Hose Sizes Available: 5/8” (58) Length Available: 25’ (25) ¾” (75) 75’ (75) 1” (100) 100’ (100) custom (C)

ordering example: Part # H75-050


Hose - Size - Length (H) (¾”) (50’)

Hose Repair

SOLID BRASS, ULTRA-RELIABLE For reliable, crush proof, high-performance year after year, you just can’t beat our machined brass hose repair fttings.

Male Hose Mender

Female Hose Mender

Worm Clamp


ordering Brass Hose Menders Available: Sizes Available:

5/8” 3/4”


Male / Female / Couplings Male / Female / Couplings Male / Female / Couplings

ordering example: Hose Repair - Brass Mender - Size - Type Part #: HRBM-75-F




(3/4”) (Female)

HWC-050-125 Worm Clamp (For OD’s 1/2” to 1 1/4”); Use with 5/8” or 3/4” Hose HWC-075-175 Worm Clamp (For OD’s 3/4” to 1 3/4”); Use with 3/4” or 1” Hose


Magnum™ UltraMAX PREMIUM HOSE-END NOZZLES & ACCESSORIES Step up to the most professional nozzle you can buy - MAGNUM™ UltraMax. Firefghter quality for professionals in any feld, these variable fow, multi-function nozzles are virtually indestructible and leak proof. The innovative TURBO SHIFT models provide two distinct GPM ranges. And the outstanding distribution patterns of all MAGNUM UltraMAX nozzles make them excel in high demand areas like greens/tees, infeld conditioning and equipment and stadium washdowns.

features / specifcations • Multi-Pattern Spray: Fog, Jet Stream, Fan • Built for 1” and ¾” Hose Flow Rates (range: 7-43 GPM) • Materials: Aircraft Aluminum, Stainless Steel, TPR Rubber • Nozzles and Valves rated at 600 PSI working pressure

FULL THROTTLE Single Variable Flow: Delivers steady, maximum volume fog, jet stream and fan patterns. Low Flow (Residential Use) Model: 12-19 GPM (45-72 L/min) High Flow Model: 15-40 GPM (57-151 L/min) Super High Flow Model: 39-100 GPM (148-379 L/min)

Super High Flow UP TO 100 GPM!

TURBO SHIFT Dual Variable Flow: Delivers light fog and low volume jet stream patterns before shifting to high volume jet stream and fan patterns.

Low Flow (Residential Use) Model: Opens with 7-12 GPM (27-45 L/min) Turbo Shifts to 14-17 GPM (53-64 L/min) High Flow Model: Opens with 12-17 GPM (45-64 L/min) Turbo Shifts to 20-43 GPM (76-163 L/min) Super High Flow Model: 34-104 GPM (129-394 L/min)

Pistol Grip

Firefghter Grip

UltraMAX Valves Heavy duty ball valve, push-pull on/off control handle and exceptional build quality for long life under demanding use. Available in Firefghter Grip for two-handed operation or ergonomic Pistol Grip for comfortable, extended use. Nozzles sold separately.



All fow rates based on 80 psi (5,5 bar)

Part # NG550-DFH-75 Part # NG550-DFH-10 Part # NG550-DFSH-10 Part # NG550-DFL-75 Part # NG550-DFL-10 Part # NG500-SFH-75 Part # NG500-SFH-10 Part # NG500-SFL-75 Part # NG500-SFL-10 Part # NG500-SFSH-10 Part # SVPG-75 Part # SVPG-10 Part # SV-75 Part # SV-10

Turbo Shift 12-43 GPM (45-163 L/min) - ¾” FHT inlet Turbo Shift 12-43 GPM (45-163 L/min) - 1” FHT inlet Turbo Shift 34-104 GPM (129-394 L/min) - 1” FHT inlet Turbo Shift 7-17 GPM (27-64 L/min) - ¾” FHT inlet Turbo Shift 7-17 GPM (27-64 L/min) - 1” FHT inlet Full Throttle 15-40 GPM (57-151 L/min) - ¾” FHT inlet Full Throttle 15-40 GPM (57-151 L/min) - 1” FHT inlet Full Throttle 12-19 GPM (45-72 L/min) - ¾” FHT inlet Full Throttle 12-19 GPM (45-72 L/min) - 1” FHT inlet Full Throttle 39-100 GPM (148-379 L/min) - 1” FHT inlet Pistol Grip Valve - ¾” FHT inlet Pistol Grip Valve - 1” FHT inlet Firefghter Grip Valve - ¾” FHT inlet Firefghter Grip Valve - 1” FHT inlet Products that™

Magnum™ SOLID METAL HOSE NOZZLE Underhill® Magnum™ contains no plastic internal parts to break, stick or wear out. Our unique ratchet mechanism easily adjusts from gentle fan to powerful jet stream and prevents over-tightening damage. Precision-machined, incredibly smooth operation and outstanding distribution patterns make it ideal for high-demand areas like greens and tees. Magnum™ is also an excellent equipment wash-down nozzle.

features • Solid metal internal - no plastic parts to break or wear out • Multi-pattern sprays - effortless control with hydraulic assist on/off • Ratchet mechanism prevents over-tightening damage • Fire hose quality nozzle feels great in your hands specifcations Materials: stainless steel,aluminum, TPR rubber • Built for 1” and ¾” fow rates Flow: 37 GPM at 80 psi

PowerBlast™ SOLID BRASS NOZZLE SERIES Heavy duty solid machined brass construction nozzles built to perform and last. Low fow designed to save water yet produce high power jet output. Ideal for equipment power wash down, cleaning driveways and walkways with minimum water usage - 7 GPM at 80 PSI


MULTIMAX ADJUSTABLE NOZZLE 4” High Pressure Easy Twist variable pattern nozzle, no leak design fne mist to power jet spray adjustment 5 GPM at 80 PSI

features SWEEPER JR. 2”


Perfect for tournament play, CoolPro™ puts down only enough water to cool the turf canopy. It prevents wilting while maintaining good ball speed.

COOL WITHOUT OVER WATERING - NO ROOT DAMAGE A hot summer day can be murder on your greens. Use too much water and you risk damage to the roots. CoolPro™ is the frst nozzle specifcally designed for the single purpose of lightly misting the turf canopy to cool without over watering. And its 25 foot fogging pattern gets the job done quickly.

features • Precision™ nozzle fogs at 70 psi to deliver a 25 ft. pattern with only 4-6 GPM • ¾” inlet (1’’ brass adapter available) • Ergonomic handle/valve provides easy grip and variable on/off control. • Durable solid metal design 866-863-3744 •

• Solid Machined Brass Construction • Constant Flow Smooth Operation • Simple Reliable Long Life

ordering Part # NG450 Part # HNC075 Part # HN0600 Part # CV075L Part # SN6-75 Part # SN2-75 Part # GNA-75

MAGNUM™ Hose Nozzle CoolPro™ Valve and Nozzle CoolPro™ Nozzle only CoolPro™ Valve only Super Sweeper 6” Power Nozzle-¾” FHT Inlet Sweeper 2” Power Nozzle -¾” FHT Inlet MultiMax Adjustable Nozzle -¾” FHT Inlet


Precision™ SOLID METAL, SPECIFIC TASK HOSE NOZZLES Underhill® Precision™ nozzles deliver millions of soft, uniform droplets to provide rapid yet surprisingly gentle water application over a huge range of fow rates. From soft watering to powerful drenching, patented Precision nozzles are designed with ideal fow rates and droplet sizes to fully irrigate without disturbing turf, dirt, seeds, etc., providing a precise solution for every hand watering application.

precision watering for specifc tasks Solid CONE Pattern

Rainbow™ TASKS: Greens, tees, seed beds, transplants, delicate landscaping (15 GPM)

Solid CONE Pattern

Rainmaker™ TASKS: Syringe and spot watering turf and hardy landscaping (23 GPM)

Solid CONE Pattern

Cloudburst™ TASKS: Dry spots, drenching, and wetting agent application (35+ GPM)

Flat FAN Pattern

Cyclone™ Pre-game skins watering, heavy watering of large areas, ideal for hydroseeding (50+ GPM) Note: GPM will vary with pressure at nozzle.

high-fow valves COMPOSITE / STAINLESS STEEL: ¾” hose thread inlet/outlet, oversized handle, up to 55 GPM SOLID BRASS: ¾” hose thread inlet/outlet, up to 50 GPM

hose adapters / quick-connectors


ordering Part # HN1500CV Part # HN2300CV Part # HN4800CV Part # HN5000CV

Precision™ Rainbow™ Nozzle Kit Precision™ Rainmaker™ Nozzle Kit Precision™ Cloudburst™ Nozzle Kit Precision™ Cyclone™ Nozzle Kit

Nozzle Kits include brass High Flow Control Valve and ¾”MHT x 1”FHT Adapter. To order nozzle only: remove “CV” from part number.

Part # CV075H Part # A-BV77FM Part # A-BA107FM Part # A-BA107MF Part # A-BQ7M Part # A-BQ7F Part # HN075W



High-Flow ¾” Valve - Brass High-Flow ¾” Valve - Composite/Steel 1’’ FHT x ¾’’ MHT Brass Hose Adapter 1’’ MHT x ¾’’ FHT Brass Hose Adapter ¾” Quick-Connect, male end ¾” Quick-Connect, female end replacement washer, ¾” hose

Products that™

DrainBlaster™ HIGH PRESSURE DRAIN CLEANING NOZZLE This unique hose-end, high pressure nozzle guides itself in cleaning out drains, to remove debris with ease. Special feature includes a wire attachment connector for using wire locator to determine drain route.

features • Front jet cuts through blockage • Rear jets propel nozzle upline • Two stage fushing action • Minimum water pressure: 70 PSI • Heat treated grade 303 stainless steel for long life

Wire attachment connector for mapping drain location under greens, bunkers and other locations using a wire locater. Great for cleaning under sidewalks or cart paths

Ideal for 4”-6” drains and catch basins

RainPro™ SOLID METAL SHOWER NOZZLE A truly revolutionary shower nozzle for soaking turf or other landscapes…featuring an exclusive solid brass nozzle plate for outstanding pattern and special rubber bumper for nozzle protection.

features • Ultra durable construction withstands any abuse • Beautiful, consistent and uniform spray pattern • Materials: zinc alloy, brass and TPR rubber • Flow: 40 GPM @ 80psi (built for 1” and ¾” hose fow rates) • Nozzle assembly unscrews for easy cleaning

Tough TPR rubber bumper protects nozzle


Excellent for golf greens or other turf and landscape applications 866-863-3744 •

Part # DN-75 Part # DN-10 Part # SHN-75 Part # SHN-10

DrainBlaster™ Drain Cleaner Nozzle – ¾” FHT Inlet DrainBlaster™ Drain Cleaner Nozzle – 1” FHT Inlet RainPro™ Shower Nozzle – ¾” FHT Inlet RainPro™ Shower Nozzle – 1” FHT Inlet




THE MOST POPULAR ASSORTMENT ALL IN ONE COMPLETE KIT Keep all of your Underhill® professional watering tools secure and safe in this handy kit. ProLocker attaches easily to any utility vehicle for easy access. Case is ultra-durable, made of high-strength composite material and is lockable.

kit includes • Entire Precision™ nozzle series and brass high-fow valve • CoolPro™ fogging nozzle • Magnum™ UltraMax nozzle • PelletPro™ wetting agent applicator • SuperKey XL™ golf sprinkler multi-tool • Gulp™ UltraMax syringe pump • Gulp™ UltraMax pump • TurfSpy™ stress detection glasses • HeadChecker™ nozzle discharge pressure gauge, fex hose and pitot tube


kit includes • Entire Precision™ nozzle series (Rainbow™, Rainmaker™, Cloudburst™ and Cyclone™) • Solid Brass High-Flow Valve • CoolPro™ with Precision™ fogging nozzle • Your choice of MAGNUM™ multi-pattern nozzle (original, UltraMAX Turbo Shift, or UltraMAX Full Throttle) • Unbreakable, lockable, corrosion-proof case to keep these tools safe and secure


ordering Part # PL-K2 Part # PL-K3 Part # PL-K4 Part # PL-K5 Part # HP-K1 Part # HP-K2 Part # HP-K3 Part # HP-K4 Part # HP-K5


ProLocker™ with ¾” Magnum UltraMAX Full Throttle nozzle ProLocker™ with ¾” Magnum UltraMAX Turbo Shift nozzle ProLocker™ with 1” Magnum UltraMAX Full Throttle nozzle ProLocker™ with 1” Magnum UltraMAX Turbo Shift nozzle NozzleLocker™ with ¾” Magnum (yellow) nozzle NozzleLocker™ with ¾” Magnum UltraMAX Full Throttle nozzle NozzleLocker™ with ¾” Magnum UltraMAX Turbo Shift nozzle NozzleLocker™ with 1” Magnum UltraMAX Full Throttle nozzle NozzleLocker™ with 1” Magnum UltraMAX Turbo Shift nozzle Products that™

Mirage™ HUGE THROW, HIGH-PERFORMANCE LARGE TURF SPRINKLERS Underhill Mirage pop-up turf sprinklers, featuring precision German engineering and huge throws, can be installed completely outside the playing area of sports fields.

M-160: With its powerful 174 ft. throw radius, the Mirage™ M-160 is a worldwide favorite for sports felds, golf driving ranges and other large area turf or dust control applications.

M-125: A very impressive long-throw sprinkler in its own right with a 125 ft.

radius, the M-125 is perfect for installation in the out-of-play areas of large turf felds.

M-115: For areas where irrigation must be installed within the playing area, the M-115’s deep sod cup cover holds a 9” (220 mm) diameter section of natural grass to “disappear” when not in use, staying out of the way of athletes and mowers.


Super Fast M-125 or M-115 sprinkler Electric valve-in head option

CALL FOR DETAILS! YOU PICK THE CONTROLLER... WE CAN MAKE IT 2WIRE! Need to add another sprinkler or expand an area? We can do it using existing controller and field wires... Here’s how with Novo! UNDERHILL NOVO 2WIRE CONVERTER UP TO 63 STATIONS Novo



2 W I R E CO N V E R T E R

















15 16




866-863-3744 •


Quick Coupler Valves & Keys SOLID BRASS, SINGLE SLOT/LUG ESSENTIALS Built to last, Underhill® valves and keys are constructed of solid red brass and stainless steel. Valves incorporate rugged one-piece design.

Valve: Part # QV-075R

Valve: Part # QV-100R

Valve: Part # QV-150R

(¾” FPT inlet)

(1” FPT inlet)

(1½” FPT inlet)

Key: Part # QK-075

Key: Part # QK-100

Key: Part # QK-150

(¾’’ MPT x ½’’ FPT outlet)

(1’’ MPT x ¾’’ FPT outlet)

(1½’’ MPT x 1¼’’ FPT outlet)

hose swivels Part # HS-075 Part # HS-100 Part # HS-101 Part # HS-151

¾’’ FPT x ¾’’ MHT outlet 1’’ FPT x ¾’’ MHT outlet 1’’ FPT x 1’’ MHT outlet 1½’’ FPT x 1’’ MHT outlet

EASY RETROFIT! Installs without

The Claw

removing valve or valve box!

QUICK COUPLER MOTION RESTRAINT When quick coupler valves become unscrewed from swing joints, it’s more than just a hassle - it can be dangerous. The Claw™, new from Underhill®, offers a simple solution. Embedded in the soil below the quick coupler, and then securely attached to its base, The Claw provides signifcant resistance to rotational, vertical and horizontal motion, preventing the valve from moving. Made from high strength ductile iron, this compact anchor attaches easily with a single steel bolt. The Claw™ pictured with 1” quick coupler, key and hose swivel.

ordering Part # QCA-075100 The Claw™ for ¾’’ and 1’’ valves Part # QCA-150 The Claw™ for 1½’’ valves


Products that™




For reliable, trouble-free, high-performance year after year, you just can’t beat our brass impact sprinklers. Available in full circle and full/part circle, in inlet sizes of ¾”, 1” and 1¼”.


Flow: 15-45 GPM Spacing: 50-80 ft. Flow: 25-120 GPM Spacing: 75-110 ft.

features • Solid brass construction • Stainless steel drive spring • Bearing assembly hood for longer wear life • Chemical resistant bearing seals • Solid brass nozzle

ordering Part # SI075F Part # SI075P Part # SI100F Part # SI100P Part # SI125F Part # SI125P

¾’’ MPT Full Circle ¾’’ MPT Part/Full Circle 1’’ MPT Full Circle 1’’ MPT Part/Full Circle 1¼’’ MPT Full Circle 1¼’’ MPT Part/Full Circle

Flow: 5-15 GPM Spacing: 40-60 ft.

GPM Radius (ft.) 13 57 11 48 23 71 23 71 51 96 54 78

Underhill® brass impacts atop the RollerPro™ portable base puts a powerful sprinkler anywhere you can run a hose. (See page 12.)

Performance data shown at 80 psi. GPM and radius will vary with pressure at sprinkler

HoseTap™ Includes HoseTap, 1” MHT brass swivel and ¾” adapter

SOLID METAL HOSE ADAPTER HoseTap™ gives you a hose connection anywhere you have a Toro® or Rain Bird® electric, valve-in-head sprinkler... a fast connection when quick-couplers or hose bibs are not available. Includes aircraft aluminum body (won’t break or wear out like plastic) anodized with sprinkler manufacturer color, o-ring, riser, 1” brass swivel and ¾’’ adapter. Also available without brass swivel/adapter.

ordering Part # HN-T100S Part # HN-T150S Part # HN-R125S Part # HN-R150S

HoseTap™ for Toro® 1” inlet golf sprinklers HoseTap™ for Toro® 1½” inlet golf sprinklers HoseTap™ for Rain Bird® Eagle 700 Series sprinklers HoseTap™ for Rain Bird® Eagle 900 Series sprinklers

Includes 1” brass swivel and ¾” adapter. Add “B” for BSP thread. To order without brass swivel: Remove “S” from part number.

REPLACEMENT O-RINGS Part # OR-100 Fits Toro® 1” inlet and Rain Bird® Eagle 700 Series golf sprinklers / HoseTap Part # OR-150 Fits Toro® 1½” inlet golf sprinklers / HoseTap Part # OR-150R Fits Rain Bird® 1½” inlet golf sprinklers / HoseTap 866-863-3744 •


SpotShot™ LOW VOLUME PORTABLE SPRINKLER KIT SpotShot™ is an expandable sprinkler system kit ideal for turf areas requiring low volume watering for extended periods. Connect the Starter Kit to a quick coupler (or golf sprinkler with the HoseTap™ on page 9) and connect Add-On Kits for larger area needs.

Starter Kit includes 20’ of ½” fexible PVC tubing with connection fttings, pressure regulator, sprinkler base and low volume rotating sprinkler ( 20 ft. radius / 0.65 GPM - 0.16 in./hr.) Add-On Kit includes 20’ of ½” fexible PVC tubing with connection fttings, sprinkler base and low volume rotating sprinkler ( 20 ft. radius / 0.65 GPM - 0.16 in./hr.) Micro-Sprinkler Options 20 ft. radius / 0.65 GPM (0.16 in./hr.)

ideal for

20 ft. radius / 1.2 GPM - (0.26 in./hr.)

• Leaching salts on greens • Targeting hot spots on fairways, roughs, etc. • Mound watering • New seed grown in • Other low volume watering


The 22” wide stainless steel roller of RollerPro™ provides a stable feld position for supplemental watering. Designed for years of hard use, it is ideal for watering dry spots and newly seeded areas.

RollerPro™ works with both 1” and ¾” hoses and sprinklers using the included adapters. Sprinklers sold separately on page 9.

features • 22” wide stainless steel roller is weighted to prevent movement during use. • ¾” inlet and outlet adapters included • Standard 1” FHT inlet x 1” female NPT outlet

ordering Part # A-RP221 Part # SS-SK Part # SS-AOK Part # SS-SK26 Part # SS-AOK26 Part # SS-SB


RollerPro™ SpotShot™ Starter Kit (20 ft. rad, 0.65 GPM) SpotShot™ Add-on Kit (20 ft. rad, 0.65 GPM) SpotShot™ Starter Kit (20 ft. rad, 1.2 GPM) SpotShot™ Add-on Kit (20 ft. rad, 1.2 GPM) SpotShot™ Sprinkler Base

Part # R75-HFM-40 Part # TP-050-20 Part # S40-050-HFS Part # S40-050-HMS Part # SS-S16 Part # SS-S26

Pressure Regulator (40 psi) 20’ Coil of ½” PVC, SuperFlex Pipe ¾” Hose Thread Female x Male, Slip Fitting ¾” Hose Thread Male x Female, Slip Fitting Micro-sprinkler (20 ft. rad, 0.65 GPM - 0.16 in/hr) Micro-sprinkler (20 ft. rad, 1.2 GPM - 0.26 in/hr) Products that™

Tracker™ PORTABLE IRRIGATION MACHINE The Tracker™ offers an economical solution for supplementing seasonal watering needs of ¼ acre to 2 acre areas. It’s also ideal for irrigating athletic felds, cemeteries, golf course roughs, or other large areas where an underground system is impractical. Built to last with precision German engineering and high quality materials, this portable powerhouse can irrigate an entire football feld in just two passes. Tracker™ requires minimal labor to operate. Powered by water, it pulls itself along a nylon cable, dragging up to 360 ft. of 1’’ reinforced heavy-duty hose (sold separately). Each pass irrigates about 2/3 acre per 8 hours of operations.

specifcations • Weight: 58 lbs. • Size: Length 33’’, Width 22’’, Height 22’’ • Materials: Aluminum, Brass, ABS • Minimum Water Pressure: 50 psi • Hose Required: 1”

features • Adjustable Speed Control: 20-70 ft./hr. • Standard full or part circle sprinkler (8-15 GPM) • 360 ft. nylon cable provides irrigated length of 400 ft. • 70-85 ft. pass width • Automatic shut-off at end of pass • Water turbine drive and gear box • Galvanized anchor stake • Includes 1” brass quick-connect adapter


Precision German engineering, high quality components built to last!

ADD TO EXISTING TREES! Install DeepDrip™ stakes during or after tree planting for instant access to the root system for fertilizer delivery or to set up deep automatic drip watering.

TREE WATERING STAKES Water and fertilize your trees at the roots, encouraging deeper roots and healthier trees with DeepDrip™ stakes. Water gets underground fast, so you can irrigate for shorter periods and save water. They also help aerate the soil, and you can add fertilizer into the shaft to direct nutrients to the root zone. Three Lengths For All Tree Sizes: Use the 14.5” stake for shallow root trees and shrubs, like rose bushes and ornamental trees (or boxed trees). The 24.5” stake is best for most other tree varieties except for palms and similarly deeper rooted trees, which will beneft from the longer 36” stakes. Built Smart - And Easy To Use: The DeepDrip’s reinforced tip and cap are made from ABS and the upper shaft is made from Schedule 40 PVC. Multiple holes in the bottom half of the spike, internally covered by a mesh flter, allow water to fow out but keep dirt from getting in and clogging the tube. The UV-protected cap acts as a reinforced cover when pounding the stake into the ground, keeps debris from entering the ordering shaft and holds a 1/4” drip line/emitter securely in place. By Part # T-400 Tracker™ Portable Irrigation Machine inserting a screwdriver through the two holes at the top of Part # A-DD14 DeepDrip™ 14.5” watering stake the upper shaft, stakes can be easily pulled up to remove/ Part # A-DD24 DeepDrip™ 24.5” watering stake reposition, or rotated to deter root invasion. Part # A-DD36 DeepDrip™ 36” watering stake 866-863-3744 •


SuperKey XL™ MULTI-PURPOSE TOOL FOR TORO, RAINBIRD GOLF SPRINKLERS The ultimate all-in-one tool for your golf sprinklers…think of it as a Swiss army knife, a must have companion. Made of stainless steel and composite material, it effortlessly turns electric valve-in-heads on and off, removes internal snap rings and performs many other sprinkler maintenance chores. Great for John Deere®/Signature® sprinklers, too!

Snap Ring Removal (Bottom Valve or Internal Rotor Assembly)

Screwdriver Tip for Filter Cap Disassembly or Pressure Screen Regulator Adjustment Removal

Hardened Bend Resistant Metal

High Strength Engineered Material

On/Off Control Pointer

On/Off Control Debris Removal

On/Off Control Assembly Removal

Solenoid Plunger Removal

On/Off Control

EasyReach™ Key EXTRA-LONG SHAFT ON/OFF KEY Extra long and extra heavy duty metal key designed for easy on/off operation for TORO, Rain Bird and John Deere/Signature electric valve-in-head golf sprinklers. Made of high grade metal, EasyReach offers years of effortless on/off operation.


STRONGER! BETTER FIT! than original equipment lids

VersaLid™ is the easy solution for broken or missing valve box lids. No need to guess what brand a buried box is or even worse - dig it up to fnd out - VersaLid’s locking system fts all 6”-7” round valve boxes.

features • Fits all 6”-7” round boxes • Universal ft • Greater top-load strength and more UV-resistant than structural foam lids • Purple Lid available for non-potable/reclaimed water


Splice Kit 3M DIRECT BURY SPLICE KIT Each kit includes one wire connector which accommodates wire sizes from 18-10 gauge and a waterproof gel case. Excellent for golf, commercial and residential applications.


Part # A-SKTRB SuperKey™ XL for Toro®, Rain Bird® and John Deere® golf sprinklers Part # A-ERT EasyReach™ for Toro® and John Deere®/ Signature golf sprinklers Part # A-ERR EasyReach™ for Rain Bird® golf sprinklers Part # VL-6 Green VersaLid™ 6”-7” valve box lid Part # VL-6P Purple VersaLid™ 6”-7” valve box lid Part # DBRY-4 Direct Bury Splice Kit - 4 Pack Part # DBRY Direct Bury Splice Kit - single unit Products that™

Gulp™ UltraMAX SUPER HIGH-CAPACITY WATER REMOVAL SUCTION PUMPS Whether you need to remove water from sprinklers and valve boxes or other areas or devices, UltraMax Series Pumps are the ideal tools for the job…huge capacities and the smoothest pumps you will ever use as well.

special features • Super Smooth Pumping Action • High Volume Capacity • Strong Aluminum Pump Shaft • Contour Grip Handle • No Leak Seals • Self Priming

GULP SYRINGE ULTRA • 12 oz./stroke • 12” pump chamber

BIG GULP ULTRAMAX • 35 oz./stroke! • 36” pump chamber • 72” or 36” outlet hose

GULP ULTRAMAX • 18 oz./stroke! • 14” clear pump chamber • 18” outlet hose

also great for


pipe repair




and more!

Easy, push-button cleaning system Gulp UltraMAX and BigGulp UltraMAX include debris flter attachment for very dirty water.

ordering Part # A-G12-C Part # A-G3636CK Part # A-G3672CK Part # A-G12S-C Part # A-GTUB-C 866-863-3744 •

Gulp™ UltraMax BigGulp™ UltraMax w/ 36” outlet hose BigGulp™ UltraMax w/ 72” outlet hose Gulp™ Syringe Ultra 100 ft. outlet hose


AuditMaster™ EXPERT SPRINKLER PERFORMANCE TESTING KITS Increasing watering times to compensate for poorly performing sprinklers wastes a lot of water. Accurately measuring sprinkler application rates with Underhill® AuditMaster™ helps maximize water savings.

4”x 5” Marking fags on 21” wire (50-pack) are available in 6 colors.

AuditMaster Combo ST/LT Kit (pictured), includes large CatchCanPro cups (blue) and CatchCanPro Mini cups (30 each). AuditMaster ST Kit excludes the large CatchCanPro cups. This kit is ideal for SMALL TURF audits. AuditMaster LT Kit excludes the CatchCanPro Mini cups. This kit is optimized for golf courses, sports felds and other LARGE TURF audits.

CatchCan Pro™

CatchCan Pro (CCPK-10) for LARGE TURF audits. Measures ml, cm, inches.

features • • • • • •

Self standing - easily anchors into turf, even on slopes Measures sprinkler application in inches or centimeters Unique design allows for shorter duration test Made of durable polypropylene engineered plastic Can be stacked for easy storage Each 10 pack kit comes with instructions

ordering Part # AUD-ST Part # AUD-LT Part # AUD-STLT Part # SALESPRO4 Part # A-STW Part # A-WIND Part # CCPK-10 Part # CCPMK-10


AuditMaster ST Kit AuditMaster LT Kit AuditMaster Combo ST/LT Kit AuditMaster Wheeled Carry Case Stop Watch Anemometer (Wind Gauge) CatchCan Pro (Blue) - 10 Pack CatchCan Pro Mini - 10 Pack

Part # MT-100 Part # A-FLAG Part # A-FLAG-B Part # A-FLAG-O Part # A-FLAG-P Part # A-FLAG-R Part # A-FLAG-W

Fiberglass Measuring Tape: 100’ Marking Flags: Yellow - 50 Pack Marking Flags: Blue - 50 Pack Marking Flags: Orange - 50 Pack Marking Flags: Pink - 50 Pack Marking Flags: Red - 50 Pack Marking Flags: White - 50 Pack

CatchCan Pro Mini (CCPMK-10) for SMALL TURF audits. Measures inches.

Products that™

TurfSpy™ EARLY STRESS DETECTION GLASSES Disease, drought and weed invasion are plant and turf killers. But by the time you see them it can be too late. TurfSpy™ glasses, with stress detection technology developed by NASA, lets you “see into the future” to identify problems 2-10 days before they are visible to your naked eye. Keep your turf and vegetation healthy BEFORE serious problems arise.

features fusarium patch

pythium blight

yellow patch (rhizoctonia) brown patch


• Shatterproof/polycarbonate stress detection lens (ANSI approved safety lens) • Wrap-around lens limits ambient light for optimal detection • Sports frame with adjustable ear piece • Lightweight case included

HOW IT WORKS Dying vegetation absorbs and refects sunlight differently then when its healthy. The earliest signals occur at the outer limits of the human visual spectrum, and are rendered invisible compared to the predominant middle wavelengths. TurfSpy™ flters the light in the center so that fringe spectra, which show early plant stress, become visible.

get a jump on broken or poor-performing sprinklers highly effcient spot watering saves time and labor costs superior weed location and spraying saves time and money

ordering Part # NG655-01 TurfSpy™ Glasses and Deluxe Case

HeadChecker™ NOZZLE DISCHARGE PRESSURE GAUGE Use this liquid-flled 160 psi gauge with 30” fex hose and solid brass Pitot tube, hose bib, or spray head adapter to measure water pressure at discharge points.

ordering Part # A-PHG-160K Part # A-SHG-160K Part # A-HBG-160K Part # A-HCGPK Part # A-PG160L Part # A-HCP Part # A-HBT Part # A-SHA

HeadChecker™ gauge, 30” Flex Hose, Pitot Tube HeadChecker™ gauge with Spray Head Adapter HeadChecker™ with ¾” POC Hose Bib Tap HeadChecker™ gauge and Pitot tube HeadChecker™ 160 psi pressure gauge only Pitot tube only ¾” Hose Thread x ¼” Brass Hose Bib Tap Spray Head Adapter

866-863-3744 •


Serious about saving water?

Profle™ SOLID METAL GOLF SPRINKLER NOZZLES Upgrade your sprinklers with Profile™, the ultra-high uniformity, water conserving, solid metal nozzles from Underhill®. You will see improved results immediately, save millions of gallons of water every year and improve the playability of your course at the same time…guaranteed.

Golf Sprinkler with OEM Nozzles

Same Golf Sprinkler with Profle Nozzles

Use less water, less energy and less manpower and get better course playability.

August 14: Profle nozzles installed in problem area.

“Profle nozzles lived up to our expectations and eliminated patchy dry spots and donuts. We retroftted all our fairways and now run a more effcient irrigation program.” Logan Spurlock Superintendent, Sherwood Country Club

“The real power is knowing that retroftting sprinklers with Profle nozzles can be phased in to work within a course’s operating budget.” Kurt Thompson K. Thompson and Associates, Irrigation Consultant and Trainer Huntersville, North Carolina and Pace, Florida


“It was like putting in a new irrigation system. I became a believer overnight.” Mike Huck

September 6: Uniform distribution restored, turf is green and healthy.

See how Superintendents are upgrading their entire golf courses! Video online now at

Irrigation & Turfgrass Services Former USGA Staff Agronomist Former Superintendent, Murrieta Hot Springs Resort

“The Profle retroft program has also extended the life of our Toro system while improving course appearance and playability.” Dennis Eichner Assistant Superintendent, Silverado Resort - Napa, California

Products that™

Profle nozzles for



730 SERIES Full Circle: Front/Rear Nozzle Set Part # T730-3313 T730-3413 T730-3515 T730-3515L (50 psi) T730-3615 T730-3617

Nozzle Color # range/spreader Toro Noz # Brown 33 / Gray 13 33 Blue 34 / Gray 13 34 Violet 35 / Red 15 --Green 35 / Red 15* 35 Red 36 / Red 15* 36 Red 36 / Lavender 17

Profle nozzles are so consistent, with distribution patterns so uniform... it’s like rain on demand.™

* For square spacing, specify #17 (lavender) nozzle with the #35 and #36 range nozzles

760 and 860 SERIES Part Circle: Midrange/Close-in Nozzle Set Part # T760-GY T860-GY

Nozzle Color: midrange/close-in Gray / Yellow Gray / Yellow

Profle nozzles for

830, 834S, DT SERIES Full Circle: Midrange/Close-in Nozzle Set Part # T830-GY T834-GY TDT100-GY

Nozzle Color: midrange / close-in Gray / Yellow Gray / Yellow Gray / Yellow

Toro Series 830 834S DT 34/35

835S SERIES Part # T835S-WP

Full Circle: Midrange/Close-in Nozzle Set Nozzle Color: midrange / close-in White / Plug

11/4'' INLET

Rain Bird®

EAGLE 700 SERIES Full Circle: Midrange/Close-in Nozzles Nozzle Color midrange / close-in Part # R70028-RG R70032-RG R7003640-GG

Blue / Gray Red / Gray Blue / Gray

Rain Bird Nozzle #s

28 32 36/40 and larger

630 SERIES CALL FOR AVAILABILITY 670 SERIES Full Circle: Rear Nozzles Part # T670-BY

Nozzle Color: midrange / close-in Black / Yellow

11/2'' INLET

690 SERIES Full Circle: Rear Nozzle Part # T690-G

Nozzle Color: spreader Gray

Look familiar? Poor performing Eagle 700 sprinklers are often the result of clogged and worn nozzles. Profle nozzles’ solid metal construction and nozzle shape were scientifcally designed to solve this exact problem. They simply don’t wear out. And they don’t clog. Upgrade your old golf sprinklers to better than OEM with Profle!

750 SERIES Full Circle: Front/Rear Nozzle Set Part # T750-5617 T750-5717

Nozzle Color #range / spreader Red 56 / Lavender 17 Gray 57 / Lavender 17

Toro Nozzle #s 56 57

900 EAGLE SERIES Full Circle: Close-in Nozzle Part # Nozzle Color R900-M Maroon

780, 854S, DT SERIES Midrange/Close-in Nozzle Set Part Circle (780), Full Circle (854S), Part/Full Circle (DT 54/55) Part # Nozzle Color: midrange / close-in Toro Series T780-BY Black / Yellow 780 T854-BY Black / Yellow 854S TDT150-BY Black / Yellow DT 54/55

11/2'' INLET

91 SERIES BRASS IMPACTS Full Circle: Close-in Nozzle Part # Nozzle Color R91-G Gray

51 SERIES BRASS IMPACTS 855S SERIES Full Circle: Midrange/Close-in Nozzle Set Part # T855S-PP

Nozzle Color: midrange / close-in Pink / Plug

650 SERIES CALL FOR AVAILABILITY All original equipment manufacturers, names and products presented in this publication are used for identifcation purposes only, and we are in no way implying that any of our products are original equipment parts. Toro® is a registered trademark of the Toro Company, Rain Bird® is a registered trademark of the Rain Bird Sprinkler Manufacturing Corporation.

866-863-3744 •

Full Circle: Front/Rear Nozzles Nozzle Color # Part # range / spreader

Rain Bird Nozzle #s

R51-1411.5 R51-1611.5 R51-1811.5 R51-2011.5 R51-2213 R51-2413

14 / 11.5 16 / 11.5 18 / 11.5 20 / 11.5 22 / 13 24 / 13

White 14 / Gray 11.5 Blue 16 / Gray 11.5 Yellow 18 / Gray 11.5 Red 20 / Gray 11.5 Green 22 / Black 13 Black 24 / Black 13


WETTING AGENTS & SPECIALTY PRODUCTS You’ve known KALO since 1932 as a pioneer in the development of innovative products for agriculture, and today, leading turf products like Tournament-Ready® and Hydro-Wet®, as well as a range of specialty products. Now backed by the strength of Underhill distribution and product development, this new partnership provides golf superintendents and turf professionals with water management products that provide solutions to problems that turf managers face with maintaining turf quality.

When a product does its job day in and day out - it works. When it saves you time, money, or water - it’s smart. When it does both - it’s from Underhill.

Wetting agents keep your water wetter!



§ University tests confirm Tournament-Ready’s comparable performance in side-by-side testing against leading competitive brands* § Tournament-Ready uses a blend of three surfactant ingredients to provide flexibility in use as a preventative and curative treatment § Tournament-Ready delivers rapid wetting of repellent soils, drives down surface moisture to avoid spongy turf and delivers moderate residual for rewetting up to 14 weeks from initial application § Tournament-Ready will eliminate localized dry spot, provide more uniform wetting action, and enhance water’s infiltration and drainage 2.5 Gal / 9.48 L / 2 per case 30 Gal /113 L drum

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH TOURNAMENT-READY IF…you’re looking for a premium performing soil surfactant that is proven to compete with the best USE…Tournament-Ready at 8 oz (240 ml) first month, 4 oz (120 ml) every month thereafter per per 1000 sq ft (100 sq M)


TO…provide a comprehensive water management program for turf ordering Part # UHTUR02 Part # UHTUR30


TOURNAMENT-READY (2.5 Gal/9.48 Liters Jug) Soil Surfactant TOURNAMENT-READY (30 Gal/114 Liters Drum) Soil Surfactant

Products that™


2.5 Gal / 9.48 L / 2 per case 30 Gal /113 L drum



§ Medalist, when used in a scheduled, water management program, will eliminate turf localized dry spot and enhance turf quality while reducing watering frequency § Medalist’s lower active formula incorporates the same university tested ingredients found in Tournament-Ready Soil Surfactant to deliver comparable performance to leading competitive products at a reduced price § Get the most out of rain and irrigation § Saves money on water and energy costs

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH MEDALIST IF…you want a proven, lower cost soil surfactant for your water management program USE…Medalist at 16 to 24 oz (480 to 720 ml) per acre (0.4 hectare) monthly TO…enhance water infltration, reduce dew formation and improve turf quality while using less water ordering Part # UHMED02 Part # UHMED03

MEDALIST (2.5 Gal/9.48 Liters Jug) Soil Surfactant MEDALIST (30 Gal/114 Liters Drum) Soil Surfactant


2.5 Gal / 9.48 L / 2 per case 30 Gal /113 L drum


§ Unique soil surfactant and polymer resin blend that can be tank mixed for spray application or injected directly into irrigation flow § Surfactant ingredients provide initial soil wetting action while polymer resin adsorbs to soil particles for enhanced water retention § Reduced watering requirements are achieved through surfactant’s reduction of surface tension combined with polymer resin’s attachment to soil particles for greater water holding capacity to guard against plant stress § Polymer resin boosts water retention in soil to deliver enhanced residual activity

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH H20 MAXIMIZER™ want to maximize plant available water for turf and other plants by 25% or more USE...H20 Maximizer at 16 to 24 oz (480 to 720 ml) per acre (0.50 hectare) monthly TO...enhance water’s infltration into repellant soils while boosting soil water holding capacity for extended residual activity


ordering Part # UHHMAX02 Part # UHHMAX30

866-863-3744 •

H2O MAXIMIZER (2.5 Gal/9.48 Liters Jug) Surfactant/Polymer Resin Blend H2O MAXIMIZER (30 Gal/114 Liters Drum) Surfactant/Polymer Resin Blend




Hydro-Wet Injectable improves infiltration and penetration of rainfall and irrigation water Minimizes water loss due to run-off and evaporation Formulated for use with irrigation system metering equipment Hydro-Wet’s high affinity for water drives down surface moisture to avoid spongy turf and standing water § When university tested in comparison to 10 leading competitors, Hydro-Wet provided superior performance at reducing soil repellency

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH HYDRO-WET INJECTABLE 265 Gal / 1,003 L tote 30 Gal / 114 L drum

IF…you want a lower cost, irrigation-applied wetting agent USE…Hydro-Wet Injectable 24 oz (720 ml) per acre (0.5 hectare) monthly TO…reduce soil repellency while enhancing soil moisture content for quality turf


ordering Part # UHHYI30 Part # UHHYI265

HYDRO-WET INJECTABLE (30 Gal/114 Liters Drum) Liquid Concentrate HYDRO-WET INJECTABLE (265 Gal/1,003 Liters Tote) Liquid Concentrate

Tournament-Ready® Plus™ with Actosol® NEW!

PROVEN TOURNAMENT-READY FORMULA W/ ACTOSOL AND MICRONUTRIENTS § A combination of Tournament-Ready proven formula but with the addition of humic and fulvic acid, and micronutrients § Uniform moisture management (doesn’t bind in the thatch layer) § Increases soil moisture without causing “spongy turf” problems § The multiple benefits of humic and fulvic acids, calcium, and iron


8 oz /227 gm pellet 16 pellets per case

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH TOURNAMENT-READY PLUS w/ ACTOSOL IF…you are looking for a preventative and curative treatment of localized dry spot in highly maintained turf with an added nutrient benefit USE…Tournament-Ready Plus with actosol pellets to supplement areas that have poor moisture holding capacity, and rooting at a rate of 4-6 minutes per 1000 square feet


TO…reduce soil repellency and distribute water absorption onto soil particles ordering Part # UHTRPLPEL



Products that™


6 oz /170 gm pellet 24 pellets per case


§ Same University tested formula in solid pellet for supplemental treatments § Treat small turf areas while hand watering using Underhill PelletPro applicator § Inert binder is carrier for Tournament-Ready Soil Surfactant for metered hand watering application § Tournament-Ready Pellets help cool canopy temperatures of turfgrass during high heat, stress conditions § Pellet jar can be inserted in pellet applicator reservoir to modulate soil surfactant output

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH TOURNAMENT-READY PELLETS IF…you’re looking for the proven Tournament-Ready Soil Surfactant formula in a solid pellet form USE…Tournament-Ready Pellets at 2-4 minutes per 1,000 sq ft (93 sq M) TO…apply a curative treatment for localized dry spot while supplementing liquid Tournament-Ready applications


ordering Part # UHTRPEL


Hydro-Wet® Premium Pellets PELLETS

CONCENTRATED HYDRO-WET IN SOLID PELLET FORM § Same University-tested Hydro-Wet formula in solid pellet form for supplemental treatments while hand watering turf areas § Hydro-Wet Premium Pellets help to cool the canopy temperatures of turfgrass during high heat, stress conditions § Apply with PelletPro Applicator 6 oz / 170 gm pellets 24 pellets per case

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH HYDRO-WET PREMIUM PELLETS IF…you’re looking for a competitively priced turf wetting agent for use with hand watering USE…add Hydro-Wet Premium Pellets at 2 to 4 minutes per 1000 sq ft (100 sq M) TO…supplement irrigation applications of Hydro-Wet Injectable for improved water infltration and control of localized dry spot in turf

GOOD ordering Part # UHHYPEL-6

866-863-3744 •

HYDRO-WET PREMIUM PELLETS (6 oz/170 gm pellet)





§ § § §

Increase irrigation and rain efficiency by enhancing plant available water Improve water infiltration and water holding capacity of soil Remains active in the soil for 4-6 weeks, then bio-degrades into natural materials Polymer resin delivers increased plant available water

8 oz /227 gm pellet 16 pellets per case

PROBLEM SOLVED WITH H2O MAXIMIZER PELLETS IF…you want to enhance fltration, water holding capacity, and plant available water USE…H2O Maximizer pellets to supplement areas that have poor moisture holding capacity at a rate of 4-6 minutes per 1000 square feet


TO…reduce soil repellency and increase water adsorption onto soil particles ordering Part # UHH20PEL H2O MAXIMIZER PELLETS (8 oz/227 gm pellet)






Tournament Ready®




H20 Maximer® SPECIALTY

§ Penetrates § Hydrates LONGER under ALL conditions

§ Penetrates § Ultra Hydration - Holds MORE water for dry conditions




§ Greens


§ Approaches § Tees

§ Fairways § Roughs


§ § § §

Economy Choices: § Approaches § Tees n Roughs § Fairways


Bunker Facings New Sod / Seeding Fairways Roughs


§ Greens


Tournament Ready® Pellets

§ Penetrates § Hydrates LONGER under ALL conditions

§ Greens

§ Ultra Penetrates

§ § § §

Fairways Tees Approaches Roughs

§ Penetrates § Ultra Hydration

§ § § §

Bunker Facings New Sod / Seeding Fairways Roughs

Plus™ with Actosol®

Hydro-Wet® Pellets SPECIALTY

H20 Maximer® Pellets SPECIALTY



§ Penetrates § Hydrates LONGER under ALL conditions § Root Enhancing

Tournament Ready®



§ Penetrates § Hydrates under ALL conditions




Economy Choices: § Approaches § Tees n Roughs § Fairways

Products that™


NONIONIC SURFACTANT / TANK MIX ADJUVANT § Use Bio-90 when accompanying pesticide label instructions recommend the use of a nonionic surfactant tank mix adjuvant § Bio-90 optimizes the performance of turf fungicides, insecticides and herbicides § Use Bio-90 when uniform spray coverage and penetration into the targeted plant surface is preferred § Bio-90 contains rainfast ingredient to minimize wash-off § Bio-90 contains an antifoam ingredient to suppress troublesome foam during agitation

1 Qt / 946ml jug 12 per case need a tank mix adjuvant to enhance effectiveness of pesticide spray applications USE...Bio-90 at 32 oz (946 ml) per 100 gallons (378.5 L) of spray water TO...ensure spreading and penetration of active ingredient for enhanced uptake


NONIONIC ORGANOSILOXANE / SPREADER / PENETRANT BLEND § Cadence is a low use rate, spreader-activator tank mix adjuvant that significantly improves the performance of pesticide and fertilizer spray applications § Use Cadence when the accompanying pesticide label instructions recommend the use of a nonionic surfactant § Cadence’s super spreading action is the result of reducing surface tension dramatically lower than traditional nonionic surfactant adjuvants § Unlike conventional surfactants, Cadence rapidly covers and penetrates waxy plant surfaces to allow larger amounts of active ingredient to enter the plant § Cadence works as a dew control agent for turf and as a mulch, peat or potting soil surfactant

IF…you want a high performing nonionic surfactant for use as an adjuvant or soil wetter USE…Cadence at 6 f oz (180ml) per 100 gallons (378.5 L) TO…rapidly deliver the most active ingredient or water to targeted surface

1 Qt / 946ml jug 6 per case

Water FX

DRY WATER CONDITIONER / ACIDIFYING AGENT ADJUVANT § Water FX effectively sequesters hard water minerals such as calcium, magnesium and iron that can interfere with many pesticide active ingredients § Water FX lowers spray water pH to ensure full effectiveness of many insecticides, fungicides and herbicide sprays that perform better in moderately acidic water § Certain pesticide active ingredients will be more effective and are more readily available to the plant with the use of Water FX

IF…you want to lower spray water pH and sequester hard water minerals in tank mix sprays USE…½ lb (227 gm) per 100 gal (378.5 L) TO…adjust to desired pH and optimize performance of tank mix active ingredients ordering Part # BI901Qt Part # CADEN1Q Part # WFX04 866-863-3744 •

4 lb / 1.8kg jar 6 per case

Bio-90 (1 Qt/946ml Jug) 90% Spreader-Activator/Nonionic Surfactant Cadence (1 Qt/946ml Jug) Organosiloxane/Spreader/Penetrant Blend WATER FX (4 lb/1.8 kg Jar) Dry Water Conditioner/Acidifying Agent


Anti-Foam™ ANTIFOAMING AND DEFOAMING AGENT § Anti-Foam is a fast, effective defoamer for use in suppressing foam, controlling foam reduces filling time and lessens overflow waste § Anti-Foam improves spray performance § Silicone and surfactant blend work in tandem to quickly dissipate troublesome foam that forms during agitation IF…you want to prevent foam in mix tanks USE…Anti-Foam at 1 to 2 oz (30 to 60 ml) per 100 gallons (378.5 liters) of spray mixture TO…suppress foam formation during mixing, flling and recirculation 1 Qt / 946 ml bottle 12 per case

ordering Part # AF1Q ANTI-FOAM (1 Qt/946 ml Bottle)

K-Klean™ LIQUID TANK CLEANER § K-Klean is an effective cleaner for metal, fiberglass and plastic spray systems § K-Klean aids in the removal of dirt, grime, grease, chemical and fertilizer residues from tanks and equipment § K-Klean helps eliminate rust and scale and keeps costly equipment in ready-to-use condition need quick effective cleaning of spray tanks using a liquid use tank cleaner USE...K-Klean at 1-4 quarts (1 to 4 liters) per 100 gallons (378.5 liters) TO...wash out all types of spray tank reservoirs, lines and equipment to effciently remove residue materials from equipment ordering Part # KKLEAN01 K-KLEAN (1 Gal/3.79 Liters Jug) Liquid Tank Cleaner

1 Gal / 3.79 L jug 4 per case

Tank Cleaner™ DRY TANK & EQUIPMENT CLEANER § Tank Cleaner is designed for cleaning tanks, lines and nozzles to remove pesticide, herbicide and fertilizer residues § Tank Cleaner also removes light rust and dissolves deposit buildups while leaving a protective film that helps prevent corrosion § Color dye in Tank Cleaner indicates ingredients are still active in solution IF…you need a fast acting, dry tank and equipment cleaner USE…Tank Cleaner at 1-lb (456 gm) per 100 gallons (378.5 liters) 1 lb / 456 gm jar 12 per case

TO…remove spray ingredient deposits from tanks, hoses, booms, flters and nozzles ordering Part # TC01 TANK CLEANER (1 lb/456 gm Jar) Dry Tank & Equipment Cleaner

Benchmark™ ALL SEASON FOAM MARKER § This foam concentrate is specially formulated to deliver long lasting foam in a range of weather and field conditions § This highly concentrated formula, when used as directed will produce thick, white, highly visible foam. Benchmark can be used with any compressed air foam marking equipment to provide long lasting foam deposits on turf or soil areas to avoid over-sprays or skips § Benchmark is formulated with conditioners for hard water situations and can be used with foam colorants IF…you want to generate highly visible durable foam as a feld marker USE…Benchmark at 2 oz (60ml) for every 1 gallon (3.8 liters) of water in equipment reservoir TO…produce high expansion, stable foam in a range of foam generating equipment

1 Gal / 3.79 L jug 4 per case

ordering Part # BMK01 BENCHMARK Foam Marking Agent (1 Gal/3.79 Liters Jug)


Products that™

PelletPro™ rotates pellets at one revolution per second (RPS) to evenly dissolve/ apply wetting agent

PelletPro™ APPLICATOR GUN FOR SOLID WETTING AGENT TABLETS EACH PelletPro includes 1 FREE Tournament-Ready Pellet add -PL to Part# to receive your FREE pellet!

Our heavy-duty surfactant applicator, high-fow valve and Precision™ Cloudburst™ nozzle combo comprises the fnest wetting agent gun available. PelletPro™ accepts all wetting agent tablets and provides a high volume, yet soft spray for watering or applying surfactants to tight, hydrophobic soils.

features • 35+ GPM to get the job done faster! • Ultra Heavy-Duty construction: brass fttings, aircraft aluminum, stainless steel, precision engineered glass • Pellet rotation (1 RPS) evenly dissolves/applies tablets

IN-LINE APPLICATOR OPTION Connect directly to a water source (quick coupler, HoseTap, etc.) to get the benefts of PelletPro with less handheld weight.

PelletPro’s bowl works great as an in-line flter replacement for most spray rigs. Heavy-duty, transparent bowl shows fuid levels, won’t crack during winter storage.

LiquidPro™ APPLICATOR GUN FOR LIQUID WETTING AGENT LiquidPro’s chemical-resistant, UV-protected, lightweight siphon mixing system can cover 1000 square feet in less than a minute! With unmatched speed and uniformity, you can virtually “paint” your turf with liquid wetting agent, fertilizers, and micronutrients. Adjustable metering dial offers 10 additive settings including “Water Only.”

ordering Part # A-PPWA50K Part # A-PPWA50K-E Part # A-PPQ-075 Part # A-PPQ-100 Part # A-PPWASHNK Part # A-PPWASHNK-E Part # A-PPB Part # A-PPBG Part # A-LPWA50K Part # A-LPWA50K-E Part # A-LPWWASHNK Part # A-LPWWASHNK-E Part # A-LPWAB-6

PelletPro™ Applicator Gun (with 1” FHT x ¾” MHT adapter) PelletPro™ Applicator Gun (with ¾” quick-connect adapter) PelletPro™ In-line Applicator: ¾” FHT inlet, ¾” MHT outlet PelletPro™ In-line Applicator: 1” FHT inlet, 1” MHT outlet PelletPro Applicator Gun (with 1” FHT x ¾” MHT Adaptor) with RainPro Nozzle PelletPro Applicator Gun (with ¾” quick connect adaptor) with RainPro Nozzle In-line Filter Bowl Gasket LiquidPro™ Applicator Gun (with 1” FHT x ¾” MHT adapter) LiquidPro™ Applicator Gun (with ¾” quick-connect adapter) LiquidPro Applicator Gun (with 1” FHT x ¾” MHT Adaptor) with RainPro Nozzle LiquidPro Applicator Gun (with ¾” quick connect adaptor) with RainPro Nozzle 6-Pack of 32 oz. Polybottles and Carrier

866-863-3744 •

With the included 1” FHT x ¾” MHT brass adapter, PelletPro™ and LiquidPro™ work with both ¾” and 1” hoses.

RainPro™ Nozzle

Now available on PelletPro and LiquidPro Applicator Guns!



Flo-Pro™ Injection

HI-FLO PROPORTIONAL INJECTION SYSTEM The affordable solution for applying liquid or water soluble wetting agent, fertilizers, acids and soil amendments using your irrigation system. Designed for golf, sports felds, and large landscape commercial applications.

Simple & Affordable Size the tank needed for your application and connect into the irrigation mainline. • No Mixing • No Injection Limit • No Electricity Required • No Moving Parts

features • Patented, fuid-fow technology for precise delivery • Adjustable feed rates for various mixing ratios • Easy flling – no pre-mixing or pre-blending • No moving parts means no down time or maintenance


EASY OPERATION Simply turn dial to the desired injection rate. Just pour wetting agent directly into tank and let your irrigationsystem do the work… saves man power! (1-20 gallons per hour adjustment)



No pipe cutting required with saddle connection


Part # IHF-010 Part # IHF-017 Part # IHF-025 Part # IHF-045 Part # IHF-086 Part # IHF-36S Part # IHF-612S Part # IHF-MC45 Part # IHF-MC86

10 Gallon Hi-Flo Horizontal Tank System 17 Gallon Hi-Flo Horizontal Tank System 25 Gallon Hi-Flo Horizontal Tank System 45 Gallon Hi-Flo Vertical Tank System 86 Gallon Hi-Flo Vertical Tank System Saddle Connection Kits for 3-6” Mains Saddle Connection Kits for 6”-12” Mains Metal Vertical Enclosure for 45 Gallon Tank Metal Vertical Enclosure for 86 Gallon Tank

Products that™


Flo-Pro™ Inline

IN-LINE APPLICATOR FOR LIQUID WETTING AGENT The lightweight portable solution to apply surfactant to tight hydrophobic soils. Also, ideal for liquid or soluble fertilizers and soil amendments. Easy connection to water source (quick coupler, HoseTap, etc). Just attach your favorite nozzle like the Precision Cloudburst or RainPro and your ready to go.

features • Larger 1 gallon tank • Made of high impact PVC • Adjustable feed rate • Can also apply fertilizers and soil amendments

Flo-Pro™ Injection FLO-PRO™ VERTICAL TANK ENCLOSURE Constructed of 12 gauge powder coated steel, enclosure is both light weight and durable. Louvered side panels for cooling and removable front panel for full access.


ordering Part # IHB-1010

866-863-3744 •

Inline applicator includes coupling and on/off ball valves


by Underhill®

Marking Systems SPEED AND QUALITY OF PLAY…GOLF AS IT SHOULD BE. You know Grund Guide for making premier yardage marking solutions. Now backed with the strength of Underhill® distribution and product development, you can have the highest quality and most complete yardage marking systems available today and into the future. We offer durable and high-visibility customized markers for all popular golf sprinklers along with unique fairway, tee box, and driving range markers. Speed up and improve the quality of play with Grund Guide Marking Systems.

Sprinkler Head Yardage Markers Model SPM 106 - TORO Engraved Caps: Perfect-ft caps engraved and color flled for high visibility. Multiple number locations vary for lids with holes.

Model SPM 107 - Rain Bird Engraved Caps: Perfect ft caps engraved and color flled for high visibility number identifcation.

Model SPM 110 - Hunter Engraved Caps/Covers: Perfect-ft fange covers (G800, G900) and caps (G90), engraved and color flled for high visibility.

Model SPM 101 - Fit Over Discs: Anodized aluminum (no paint!), these markers are engraved and custom ft to each sprinkler. Multiple number locations vary for lids with holes.

Model SPM 105 - Universal Tags: Anodized aluminum (no paint!), these markers are engraved and designed for most universal ft applications. Tags are installed using 1/8” rivets.

Model SPM 103 - TORO Snap-In Markers: OEM UPGRADE to high quality polycarbonate custom ft. One complete, high-visibility marker snaps into OEM plug.

Model SPM 108 - TORO & Hunter: Special engraved plastic material designed to ft into OEM lid recess

Model SPM 104 - Lid/Molded Recess Markers: Durable replacement lid, with reverse engraved number insert process. Excellent number ID with this model

Model SPM 102 - Rain Bird Yardage Highlighter Snap-Ring: Replaces OEM snap ring with perfect ft bright yardage and reclaimed color identifcation.

ordering example Marker Model SPM-106


Sprinkler Mfg Series Toro 730

FITS: Toro 730, 750, 760, 780, 830/850S, 834S, 835S, DT34/35S. 854S. DT54/55, 860S, 880S COLORS: Caps - l/m/l/l Numbers - m/l/l/l/l/l/l FITS: Rain Bird E900, E950, E700, E750, E500, E550, 700, 751, 51DR COLORS: Caps - l/m/l/l Numbers - m/l/l/l/l/l/l/l FITS: Hunter G800, G900, G90 COLORS: Flange cover / caps - l Numbers - m/l/l/l/l/l/l FITS: Toro 630, 650, 660, 670, 680, 690, 830/850S, 834S, 835S, DT34/35, 854S, 855S, DT54/55, 860S, 880S, Rain Bird 47/51 DR, 71/91/95, E900, E950, E700, E750, E500, E550, 1100, Hunter G-70/75, G-90/95, G-990, G-995, John Deere/Signature – Call COLORS: Discs - l/l/l, Numbers - l FITS: Universal - Options: Crescent 2-7/8”W x 1”H, Round Edge 3”W x 1”H, Square Edge 2”W x ¾”H COLORS: Tags - l/l/l Numbers - l FITS: Toro 730, 750, 760, 780, 830/850S, 834S, DT34/35, 854S, DT54/55, 860S, 880S COLORS: Snap in - m/l/l, Numbers - m/l (Reclaimed water option - l no number - available) FITS: Toro 730, 750, 760, 780, 834S, DT34/35, 854S, DT54/55, 860S, 880S and Hunter G800, G70/75B, G870, G875, G880, G885, G990, G995 COLORS: Markers - m/l, Numbers - l FITS: Rain Bird 47, 51 COLORS: Lid - l/m/l Insert - m/l/l Numbers - m/l FITS: Rain Bird E900, E950, E700, E750, E500, E550, 700, 751 COLORS: m/l/l (Reclaimed Water)

View/download complete ordering guide at Marker Color Black

# Color Yellow

Qty. of #s on Marker 1

Total QM on Order 76

Products that™

Fairway / Tee / Range Disc Markers Large 7 ½” cap with big bold 3 ½” standard yardage numbers. Ideal for fairway, tee and driving range marking. Optional 8” mounting pipe attachment available for secure installation.

FAIRWAY STANDARD DISC SYSTEM Color-coded markers with bold 3 ½” yardage number. Several system options available.

FAIRWAY CUSTOM OPTIONS Markers can be customized to display specifc yardage numbers, include logos, or custom design. Disc Marker pictured with optional 8” mounting pipe (installs easily with standard cup cutter)

TEE BOX / DRIVING RANGE CUSTOM OPTIONS Markers can be customized to display specifc multiple numbers, include logos, or custom design.

SYSTEM EXAMPLES A: 3 markers placed down the center of the fairway at 50 yard intervals B: 5 markers placed down the center of the fairway for greater coverage C: Markers placed on sides and center (“diamond” layout) for highest visibility D: Create a custom system with your choice of color and numbers/markings





Valve Box / Universal Markers These engraved, anodized aluminum (no paint!) markers are ideal for isolation or control valves, satellites or other applications.

ordering Standard Disks with Markings FTM-Y-75 l Yellow Disk with 75 FTM-R-100 l Red Disk with 100 FTM-W-150 m White Disk with 150 FTM-BL-200 l Blue Disk with 200 FTM-BK-250 l Black Disk with 250 FTM-RWB-KIT 3 Disks with Yardages (l/m/l) FTM-YRWBB-KIT 5 Disks with Yardages (l/l/m/l/l) Custom Disks for Fairway, Tee Box and Driving Range FTM-Y l Yellow Disk no markings FTM-O l Orange Disk no markings FTM-R l Red Disk no markings FTM-W m White Disk no markings FTM-BL l Blue Disk no markings FTM-BK l Black Disk no markings FTM-G l Green Disk no markings FTM-L l Lavender Disk no markings Tee Box / Fairway / Driving Range Custom Markings To order, add to end of custom disk part numbers above. Example: FTM-Y-#1 (Yellow Disk with One custom number)

XXXX-#1 One custom number to disk XXXX-#2 Two custom numbers to disk XXXX-#3 Three custom numbers to disk XXXX-CUST Custom Design; Script XXXX-LOGO Logo added to disk XXXX-#4 up to 4 fags / targets / yardages XXXX-#8 5 to 8 fags / targets / yardages XXXX-#12 9 to 12 fags / targets / yardages Accessories FTM-PL 8" Mounting Pipe for all disks Valve Box / Universal Markers SPM-105-B Black anodized marker SPM-105-M Maroon anodized marker

For detailed ordering information of custom markers, visit 866-863-3744 •


20505 Crescent Bay Drive • Lake Forest, CA 92630 USA tel: (949) 305-7050 • fax: (949) 305-7051 1-866-863-3744 •

An industry leader in innovative watering products all over the world, Underhill® brings 34 years of know-how in developing our inventory of “Products that™

UNDERHILL INTERNATIONAL PROFESSIONAL WATERING PRODUCTS 2014 ©2014 Underhill International Corporation. All original equipment manufacturers, names and products presented in this publication are used for identifcation purposes only, and we are in no way implying that any of our products are original equipment parts. Toro® is a registered trademark of the Toro Company, Rain Bird® is a registered trademark of the Rain Bird Sprinkler Manufacturing Corporation, Hunter® is a registered trademark of Hunter Industries. John Deere® is a registered trademark of Deere & Company. Signature® is a registered trademark of Signature Control Systems, Inc.

Form No. UIWP-B14

Products that™

Golf Course Management - May 2014  

A publication of the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America

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