SCIENCE Class: Characteristics
of Living Organisms: Monera and Protista
Date: March 25th
Link and Learn
6th DaVinci ‐ Characteristics of Living Organisms Name
Carlos A. Joaquín Victoria Mariana Christopher José Santiago Joshua Héctor Gabriela Alexandra Humberto Giosué Ariana Alessio Martín Maylin Carlos R. Isabel Sthefanny Ana Caroline Karen Erick Bryan Angie Sandra Arturo Maria Fernanda Daniel Paola
6th Rembrandt ‐ Characteristics of Living Organisms Name
Mariano Miguel Melanie Alejandro Adriana Fabrizio Felipe Sol Edinson Valeria J. Daniela Eduardo José F. Kimberly Alexandra Enzo Valeria P.
Henry Gonzalo Sebastian Mariano Alondra Bruno Camila Jimena Rodrigo María Laura Diana Jesus
Living Organisms • Living Organisms are formed by one cell (unicellular), or many cells (multicellular). • They can be very tiny (microscopic), or very big (macroscopic). • They can make their own food (autotrophs), or they can get it from other living organisms (heterotrophs). • Sometimes they have disappeared by cataclismic events (massive extinctions). • They can have significant anatomical and behavioral changes (evolution) over long periods of time. • And there are hundreds of millions of different species of living organisms.
Name Characteristics of Living Organisms
Name Characteristics of Living Organisms
• The Kingdom MONERA, is sometimes referred to as two different kingdoms: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria.
ARCHAEBACTERIA Oldest living organisms, prokaryotes and unicellular, found living in very harsh conditions (bottom of the sea, volcanic vents). Formed by 3 phyla: Methanogens, Halophiles, Thermoacidophiles.
EUBACTERIA Are more complex and common than archaebacteria. They live in more neutral conditions. Classified into 4 groups: Cyanobacteria, Spirochetes, Gram‐ positive, and Proteobacteria. They are also classified by shape: Cocci, Bacilli, Spirilla. 12
Bacterial Facts • There are more bacteria on Earth than all the other living things combined. Most bacteria are too small to be seen without a microscope. • The largest known bacteria are 1,000 times larger than the average bacterium. • All bacteria are unicellular prokaryotic organisms, which they lack a nucleus, nuclear membrane, and membrane bound organelles. • Prokaryotes function as independent organisms . • Prokaryotes reproduce differently than eukaryotes do. • Cyanobacteria are the first organisms to produce their own food by photosynthesis (autotrophs).
PROTISTS • These members of the Kingdom Protista are very diverse and have very few traits in common. • Most protists are single‐celled (unicellular) organisms, but some are made of many cells (multicellular), and others live in colonies. • Some protists make their own food, and some eat other organisms or decaying matter. • Some protists can control their own movement, and others cannot. Some Protists Images here
Characteristics of Protists • Protists do share a few characteristics. • For example: All protists are eukaryotes, or organisms with nucleus and organelles. • Protists are related more by how they differ from members of other kingdoms than by how they are similar to other protists. • Protists are less complex than other eukaryotic organisms; for example, protists don’t have specialized tissues. • But, fungi, plants, and animals evolved from early protists.
Plant‐like Green algae
OtherÂ Protists Diatoms
Teacher's Notes This class has been designed to cover the topics of Characteristics of Living Organisms from Monday March 23rd till Friday March 27th. For further knowledge about this topic: 1. Conduct a thorough search under the topic: Characteristics of Living Organisms on the Web, books and magazines. 2. If findings are not specific, ask your teacher for suggestions.
Objectives • Identify and describe the basic characteristics of the living organisms belonging to the 5 kingdoms of life. • Evaluate, compare and contrast the characteristics of living organisms.
Note: All, or most, of the objectives will be covered during class time, however the student must be responsible for those objectives not covered or concluded.
Vocabulary • • • • • • •
Bacteria: Archaebacteria: Eubacteria: Protists: Fungi: Plants: Animals:
Note: Most of the vocabulary words will be covered during class time, however the student must be responsible for those words not covered or concluded.
Link and Learn You can visit the following websites to improve your understanding on the present topic: • • • • •
www.cellsalive.com http://science‐learning2009.wikispaces.com http://learningandscience.blogspot.com http://linkandlearn.wikispaces.com http://libraryatstgeorge.blogspot.com
Resources Used Slide Resource (Group)
G1 ‐ 2 Image
G1 ‐ 3 Image
G1 ‐ 4 Image
Tree of Life
G1 ‐ 6 Image
G1 ‐ 7 Images
Bacteria Protists Fungi Plants Animals
http://bit.ly/T81It http://bit.ly/MJ2tM http://bit.ly/1LDnL http://bit.ly/bpO7q http://bit.ly/19cSaJ
G1 ‐ 8 Image
G1 ‐ 11 Image
G1 ‐ 13 Image
G1 ‐ 14 Image
G1 ‐ 15 Images
Staphylococcus Streptococcus Pneumococcus
http://bit.ly/1kg8p http://bit.ly/ClWt http://bit.ly/3H80XK
G1 ‐ 17 Image
Phylogenetic Tree of Life
G1 ‐ 18 Image
Phylogenetic Tree of Life 2 http://bit.ly/46jOAc
G1 ‐ 20 Image
G1 ‐ 22 Video Images
Amoeba proteus Euglena Algae
Notebook Gallery http://bit.ly/fBf8l
G1 ‐ 24 Image
Kingdoms of Life
G1 ‐ 25 Images
Paramecium Amoeba Green algae Brown algae Red algae Myxomicota
http://bit.ly/7BcFO http://bit.ly/h9fzd http://bit.ly/1xIFet http://bit.ly/wrwlR http://bit.ly/12Fkd6 Unknown
G1 ‐ 26 Images
G1 ‐ 26 Image
Gerardo LAZARO Science Lead Teacher Email: email@example.com Wiki: http://science‐learning2009.wikispaces.com Blog: http://learningandscience.blogspot.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/glazaro
6th Science Reading 1 for Class 3 Meteorites may have sparked life on Earth.docx