St. George's College
Subject: 7th CHEMISTRY
Class: Initial attempts
to classify the elements
Date: May 19th
Link and Learn
7th Beethoven ‐ Initial attempts Name
Ariana Gabriel Andrea Abraham Giacomo Fabiana Sinead Liliam Francesca Rodrigo Andres Stefano Jean Pierre Diego Rodrigo Luis Andrea Sebastián Ivanna Camila Carlos Aarón Paola Enrique Alessandra Irma Sophia Naomi Kiara Christopher
7th Mozart‐ Initial Attempts Name
Nicole Luis Luciana Antonella Valeria Ch. Valeria C. Analucía Camila Franco Ramiro Sara Alicia José Luis Sergio Roberto Giancarlo Fiorella Gabriela Steffano Javier
Roberto R. Diego Luis Fernando Sebastián Julio Sherley César Vilma Alessandra V.
Let's remember previous learned concepts...
7th Chemistry ‐ Beethoven
7th Chemistry ‐ Mozart
Johann Dobereiner • Starting in 1817, this German chemist first made the link between atomic masses and properties. • He grouped elements in sets of three (triads). For example: chlorine, bromine and iodine. • Other chemists did not accept his theory because only a few elements were known, and not all fitted into triads.
John Newlands • In 1864, this British chemist proposed the Law of Octaves (an idea from music), where every element had similar properties to the element eight places before or after it. • Newlands' arrangement of some of the elements is shown below: 1
• Newlands' table was not accepted because not all elements fitted the pattern of octaves and the link to music was ridiculed.
Dmitri Mendeleev • In 1869, Russian scientist Dmitri Mendeleev solved the problem. He also tried putting the element in order of their atomic mass. He made a table of elements. • New rows were started so that elements which were alike could line up together in columns. He wanted a table of regular periodic patterns. • When the pattern began to go wrong, he left gaps in the table, arguing that those gaps were for elements not discovered yet. He even changed the order when similar elements didn't line up. • Because Mendeleev was using atomic masses, there were still discrepancies in the table.
The Periodic Table.....Animated
YouTube Video ‐ Click here
Resources Used Slide (Group)
G1 ‐ 2
G1 ‐ 3
G1 ‐ 5 Image
IS Units and Prefixes http://tinyurl.com/c9d69c Units
G1 ‐ 8 Animation
G1 ‐ 10 Images
G1 ‐ 12 Images
G1 ‐ 14 Images
G1 ‐ 6
Teacher's Notes This class has been designed to cover the topics of Initial attempts to classify the elements from Monday May 19th till Friday May 22nd. For further knowledge about this topic: 1. Conduct a thorough search under the topic: Chemical Elements: Classification on the Web, books and magazines. 2. If findings are not specific, ask your teacher for suggestions.
Objectives • Understand and evaluate the initial attempts of classification of chemical elements. • Learn and remember the most common atoms, chemical symbols and atomic numbers according to the periodic table.
Note: All, or most, of the objectives will be covered during class time, however the student must be responsible for those objectives not covered or concluded.
Vocabulary • • • • • •
Element: Atomic Number: Atomic Mass: Dobereiner: Newlands: Mendeleev:
Note: Most of the vocabulary words will be covered during class time, however the student must be responsible for those words not covered or concluded.
Link and Learn You can visit the following websites to improve your understanding on the present topic: • http://science‐learning2009.wikispaces.com • http://learningandscience.blogspot.com • http://libraryatstgeorge.blogspot.com
Gerardo LAZARO Science Lead Teacher Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Wiki: http://science‐learning.wikispaces.com Blog: http://learningandscience.blogspot.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/glazaro
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