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16 2013 Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Awards of excellence An increasing number of categories in this prestigious awards program serve to recognize the significant advances in architecture being made by individuals and practices across the country.

Kanva

Marc Cramer

Silent saMA

Contents

11 News

New Mariinsky Theatre opens in St. Petersburg; DX Emerging Designer Competition launches.

49 Calendar

 rand Hotel: Redesigning Modern Life at the G Vancouver Art Gallery; 2013 RAIC Festival of Architecture in Halifax.

50 Backpage

 he collaboration between chefs and T designers results in a deliciously charitable initiative called Night Market.

Lokki Studio

Volker Seding

May 2013, v.58 n.05

The National Review of Design and Practice/ The Journal of Record of Architecture Canada | RAIC

COVER The Aquatic Centre in SaintHyacinthe by ACDF Architecture and TLA. Photograph by James Brittain.

05/13 canadian architect

5


James Brittain

Viewpoint

­­Editor Elsa Lam, MRAIC Associate Editor Leslie Jen, MRAIC Editorial Advisor Ian Chodikoff, OAA, FRAIC Contributing Editors Annmarie Adams, MRAIC Douglas MacLeod, ncarb, MRAIC

Above The Bloc_10 housing development won an Award of Excellence for innovation. Its creators, Winnipeg-based 5468796 Architecture, also garnered this year’s Emerging Practice Award.

Over the past three years, Architecture Canada | RAIC has expanded its awards program with a particular focus on early-career architects. Three new prizes recognize an exceptional intern (yet to be announced), a registered architect under the age of 35, and a recently founded practice. This year, Montreal-based Maxime-Alexis Frappier and Winnipeg firm 5468796 Architecture were honoured, respectively, with the Young Architect and inaugural Emerging Architectural Practice Awards. The categorical distinction is somewhat misleading, in that Frappier’s work has principally appeared under the banner of the firm ACDF Architecture, while 5468796’s achievements are closely linked to the efforts of its co-founders, Johanna Hurme and Sasa Radulovic. Both firms have managed to elide the private residential work that many new practices depend upon, quickly establishing a portfolio of notable institutional and commercial projects. How did they do it? In Frappier’s case, an intern architect position with Saucier + Perrotte architectes landed him in what was then a relatively small firm, which had just completed the award-winning Collège Gérald-Godin and was beginning to secure commissions in Ontario. He rapidly became the junior project architect for McGill University’s Schulich School of Music—a role that in a larger office would have been assigned to more senior staff. “There was an acceleration of getting knowledge,” says Frappier, who recalls being so absorbed with work that he once left his car illegally parked for two months. “They were giving me a lot of trust, and I was learning how to be a lead architect.” Instead of continuing with Saucier + Perrotte in hopes of eventually making partner, Frappier struck out on his own to found ACDF in his early 30s. He strategically chose to partner not with his peers, but with more established architects: Sylvain Allaire and Guy Courchesne, who had recently dissolved their practice ABCP, and Frappier’s thesis advisor Benoit Dupuis, formerly of firm Dupuis LeTourneux. They lav6 canadian architect 05/13

ished a great deal of attention on their first project as a new firm, an industrial building for St-Germain Égouts et Aqueducs, which resulted in a Governor General’s Award. This proved the firm’s competence in mid-scale work. Leveraging their early recognition, combined portfolios, and previous client contacts, ACDF has subsequently secured a steady stream of designforward institutional commissions in municipalities surrounding Montreal. 5468796, for its part, was founded in 2007 by University of Manitoba classmates Johanna Hurme and Sasa Radulovic, with Colin Neufeld joining the partnership a few years later. Hurme and Radulovic had previously worked together at Cohlmeyer Architecture when they decided to strike out on their own. “We expected to be doing small-scale projects and renovations for the first years,” says Hurme. Instead, they lucked into a local market of developers willing to bet on inventive designs, with few competing young design firms around at the time. One early client was Jeff Badger, an experienced developer who had previously met Hurme and Radulovic when they were working at Cohl­ meyer. Soon afterwards, Mark Penner, president of the newly founded Green Seed Development Corporation, was referred to 5468796 by CentreVenture Development Corporation, a City of Winnipeg development agency that provides bridge financing for downtown projects. In short course, the firm gained expertise and built credibility by learning to speak the language of these and other developers. Both Frappier and Hurme are quick to admit that luck and good timing has played an important role in the success of their firms. Certainly, they are among many highly talented young designers and graduates. But plenty of hard work and preparedness were also key. “Chance affects everything; let your hook always be cast,” advised Ovid. “In the stream where you least expect it, there will be fish.” Elsa Lam

elam@canadianarchitect.com

Regional Correspondents Halifax Christine Macy, OAA Regina Bernard Flaman, SAA Montreal David Theodore Calgary David A. Down, AAA Winnipeg Herbert Enns, MAA Vancouver Adele Weder Publisher Tom Arkell 416-510-6806 Associate Publisher Greg Paliouras 416-510-6808 Circulation Manager Beata Olechnowicz 416-442-5600 ext. 3543 Customer Service Malkit Chana 416-442-5600 ext. 3539 Production Jessica Jubb Graphic Design Sue Williamson Vice President of Canadian Publishing Alex Papanou President of Business Information Group Bruce Creighton Head Office 80 Valleybrook Drive, Toronto, ON M3B 2S9 Telephone 416-510-6845 Facsimile 416-510-5140 E-mail editors@canadianarchitect.com Web site www.canadianarchitect.com Canadian Architect is published monthly by BIG Magazines LP, a div. of Glacier BIG Holdings Company Ltd., a leading Cana­dian information company with interests in daily and community news­papers and business-tobusiness information services. The editors have made every reasonable effort to provide accurate and authoritative information, but they assume no liability for the accuracy or completeness of the text, or its fitness for any particular purpose. Subscription Rates Canada: $54.95 plus applicable taxes for one year; $87.95 plus applicable taxes for two years (HST – #809751274RT0001). Price per single copy: $6.95. Students (prepaid with student ID, includes taxes): $34.97 for one year. USA: $105.95 US for one year. All other foreign: $125.95 US per year. Single copy US and foreign: $10.00 US. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., Canadian Architect, 80 Valleybrook Dr, Toronto, ON Canada M3B 2S9. Postmaster: please forward forms 29B and 67B to 80 Valleybrook Dr, Toronto, ON Canada M3B 2S9. Printed in Canada. All rights reserved. The contents of this publication may not be re­produced either in part or in full without the consent of the copyright owner. From time to time we make our subscription list available to select companies and organizations whose product or service may interest you. If you do not wish your contact information to be made available, please contact us via one of the following methods: Telephone 1-800-668-2374 Facsimile 416-442-2191 E-mail privacyofficer@businessinformationgroup.ca Mail Privacy Officer, Business Information Group, 80 Valleybrook Dr, Toronto, ON Canada M3B 2S9 Member of the Canadian Business Press Member of the ALLIANCE FOR AuditED MEDIA Publications Mail Agreement #40069240 ISSN 1923-3353 (Online) ISSN 0008-2872 (Print)

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News Projects

One of the world’s largest performing arts facilities opened in early May in St. Petersburg, Russia. Designed by Diamond Schmitt Architects, Mariinsky II is the new home of the acclaimed Mariinsky opera, ballet and orchestra. Located in the historic centre of St. Petersburg across the Kryukov Canal from the original Mariinsky Theatre (1860), the new opera/ballet house is a structure of authentic contemporary architecture that pays homage to its setting with a 21st-century sensibility. The 851,580-squarefoot state-of-the-art facility enables one of the world’s most prolific performing arts companies to dramatically enhance its repertoire and to create new works and innovative productions. It fills an entire city block and consists of a masonry base of Jura limestone, large structural glass bay windows and a gently curved metal roof with a glass canopy to give a contemporary expression rooted in St. Petersburg’s architectural heritage. The design intent is to provide a frame for the original Mariinsky theatre from the streetscape and allow extensive views of the landmark Neoclassical theatre from within Mariinsky II. “Extensive public space and dramatic staircases connect multi-tiered lobbies that heighten the sense of occasion of attending the opera and ballet for spectators,” said Gary McCluskie, Principal with Diamond Schmitt Architects. A large illuminated onyx wall encasing the auditorium together with lobby chandelier lighting creates an effervescent beacon that enlivens both the theatre and its surroundings. The main auditorium, designed in the tradition of 18th- and 19th-century opera houses, features a horseshoe configuration with three balconies, offering superb sightlines for an audience of approximately 2,000 people. Acoustic treatments are integral to the woodlined hall, which is shaped to provide an outstanding acoustic experience for both performers and audience alike. The 567,700-square-foot back of house accommodates full stage-size rehearsal rooms for the Mariinsky opera, ballet, orchestra and chorus as well as dining and production facilities for 2,500 staff. The new theatre is the production centre for the Mari­ insky Cultural Complex, including a nearby concert hall, the music academy and the original Mariinsky Theatre, which will soon close for renovation. Architects selected for new Centre for Engineering Innovation & Entrepreneurship.

The University of Toronto has chosen Torontobased Montgomery Sisam Architects (MSA) and

Diamond Schmitt Architects

Mariinsky Theatre opens in St. Petersburg.

UK-based Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios as the architects for the new Centre for Engineering Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CEIE). The CEIE will serve as the hub of U of T Engineering’s collaborative learning and interdisciplinary research, housing interactive spaces for learning and design, as well as a number of multidisciplinary research centres and institutes. The building will also contain the Faculty’s recently launched Entrepreneurship Hatchery, which encourages and supports engineering students interested in launching entrepreneurial ventures. The new facility will encourage informal and spontaneous interaction, and set teaching spaces are standardized and flexible to allow for change in the future. Additionally, the shared public spaces will be unique, dynamic and memorable environments. Located on St. George Street, the CEIE is targeted to open in 2016. The Centre for Engineering Innovation & Entrepreneurship is the central component of U of T Engineering’s $200-million fundraising effort, part of Boundless: the Campaign for the University of Toronto. Through its interdisciplinary and collaborative intent, the Centre encapsulates Engineering’s campaign goals and future, including developing global engineering leaders, nurturing engineering innovation and entrepreneurship, transforming biomedical engineering and human health, advancing information communications technology, and reshaping the future of energy, the environment and sustainability. Founded in 1873, U of T Engineering has approximately 5,200 undergraduate students, 1,950 graduate students and 240 faculty members.

ABOVE The illuminated onyx wall in the lobby of the Mariinsky II glows against a backdrop of sculptural staircases.

Awards Nominations now open for Heritage Toronto Awards.

The Heritage Toronto Awards celebrate outstanding contributions in the promotion and conservation of Toronto’s history and heritage landmarks by professionals and volunteers. Heritage Toronto invites you to submit a nomination for the 39th Annual Heritage Toronto Awards, in five categories. The William Greer Architectural Conservation and Craftsmanship Award honours building owners for excellence in the restoration or adaptive reuse of a heritage building. The Book Award recognizes a non-fiction book about Toronto’s archaeological, built, cultural or natural heritage, published in 2012. The Short Publication Award celebrates excellent print and online articles and booklets about Toronto’s history published in 2012. The Media Award recognizes production projects such as films, videos and websites. And finally, the Community Heritage Award is a cash prize given to volunteer-based organizations for a significant activity that promotes or protects Toronto’s heritage. The nomination deadline is June 3, 2013, and the Awards will be announced and presented on October 15, 2013, in conjunction with the William Kilbourn Memorial Lecture at the Heritage Toronto Awards gala. www.heritagetoronto.org 05/13­ canadian architect

11


CanadianArchitect_May2013_out.pdf 1 2013-03-28 10:18:09

Competitions DX Emerging Designer Competition launches.

COMPLEX

CREATIVE

The Design Exchange, in partnership with RBC, has announced the Emerging Designer Competition, an exciting national competition that seeks to provide an unparalleled opportunity for emerging Canadian designers to gain recognition and exposure while celebrating the immense and diverse design talent in Canada. Participation is open to all Canadian designers with no more than five years of professional industry experience, across all disciplines. Projects submitted should be realized work, or be in the process of being realized. The winner will receive a cash prize of $10,000, and will also be partnered with a curatorial mentor who will aid them in the development of an exhi­bi­tion to be featured at the Design Exchange in January of 2014, to coincide with Toronto’s internationally celebrated Design Week. Secondary awards will be presented, including best of category awards, where participants may receive a $1,000 cash prize. Register for the competition prior to September 1, 2013 on the Design Exchange website, and submit the completed entry form along with the required materials by 5:00pm on September 30, 2013. A jury comprised of Heather Reisman, Marcel Wanders and Douglas Coupland along with representatives from RBC will review all valid entries. www.designexchange.org/pdfs/EmergingDesignerCompetition_Brief.pdf

What’s New Founding faculty members hired at Laurentian University’s School of Architecture.

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The first faculty appointments at the new Laurentian University School of Architecture are now in place, with the hiring of six “outstanding” professors, according to Laurentian Architecture’s Founding Director, Dr. Terrance Galvin. The six new faculty will be moving to Sudbury from Toronto, Waterloo, Chicago, Montana and Germany. In keeping with the tricultural mandate of the architecture program, the new faculty include one architect of Cree origin and another of Métis origin, along with a third faculty member from Quebec will who teach in French. They are Mark Baechler, Kenneth (Jake) Chakasim, David Fortin, Tammy Gaber, Randall Kober and Kai Mah. Renovation work at the Elm and Elgin site of Laurentian Architecture will continue over the coming weeks, as the CP Freight Shed and the CP Telegraph Office buildings are redesigned as classroom and faculty office space. That work is expected to be complete in mid-July. www.laurentian.ca Brian MacKay-Lyons to open 2013 Festival of Architecture.

Brian MacKay-Lyons, FRAIC, will be the opening reception keynote speaker in Halifax on Wednesday, June 5, 2013 discussing the Festival theme—Value of Beauty—Integrity in Architecture, which will no doubt set the tone for the rest of the gathering. MacKay-Lyons is a partner at MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects, a firm that has built an international reputation for design excellence with more than 100 awards including six Governor General Medals, two American Institute of Architects Honor Awards for Architecture, 15 Lieutenant Governor’s Medals of Excellence, seven Cana­dian Architect Awards, three Architectural Record Houses Awards, and seven North American Wood Design Awards. He is also a full professor of architecture at Dalhousie University, having contributed to architectural education in the Atlantic region for 30 years. He has held numerous visiting professorships and endowed academic chairs at leading universities. Since 1994 he has held an annual international summer internship called Ghost on his farm. The 2013 RAIC Festival of Architecture, presented in association with the Nova Scotia Association of NEWS (continued on page 48)


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Darius Himes

RAIC Awards—Architectural Firm

Hariri Pontarini Architects

Hariri Pontarini Architects (HPA) is a Torontobased full-service architectural practice known for creating modern landmarks. Established in 1994 by Siamak Hariri and David Pontarini and currently supporting a staff of 70 professionals, they have developed a reputation as experts, having designed and delivered architectural and urban design projects of exceptional quality with a strong conceptual basis derived from the specific needs and aspirations of each client. Their portfolio covers a broad range of institutional, cultural, commercial and residential projects which have been met with international acclaim and recognition, and continue to contribute positively 16 canadian architect 05/13

to their respective communities. Each project they have undertaken has developed from intensive research, a dedication to detail and craftsmanship, an emphasis on enduring materials, sensitivity to site, and open collaborations. Over the past 18 years, they have consistently prioritized these principles in order to discover the best possible outcomes for each project; they build on their knowledge and carry forward the lessons learned to improve the quality of their work and the service they provide to their clients. This methodology has led to a series of notable contributions to the profession and continues to drive their practice.

From their first major commission—McKinsey & Company’s Toronto headquarters—they have adopted a philosophy of designing from the inside out, emphasizing the importance of the user experience. McKinsey is a leading international management consulting firm whose business model is based on the premise that strategic design can be a tool to enhance the effectiveness of business environments. Hence, the building is designed to be a reflection of the McKinsey working methodology and to promote excellence by encouraging increased interaction in the belief that creativity is grown through interactivity. The methodology of designing with the user


Tom Arban Opposite The carefully articulated and landscaped McKinsey & Company Toronto Headquarters integrates with its site adjacent to the University of Toronto. Above, left to right Rendering of One Bloor, currently under construction, at the prominent downtown Toronto intersection of Yonge Street and Bloor Street; View of the Shangri-La Hotel and Residences on University Avenue in Toronto, completed in joint venture with James K.M. Cheng Architects Inc.

experience at the forefront also underpins the foundation and structure of HPA. The layout of their current offices, for instance, pairs a senior team member with a recent graduate not just in the seating arrangement, but in the design of the desks themselves. This encourages a constant exchange and engagement, and fosters mentorship within the practice. HPA recognizes the importance of a holistic approach to architecture, education and practice,

and supports efforts on various levels to foster interest in design and architecture and continuous learning internally and externally. Their staff supplement this programming with a regular architecture-related film series screened in the office during lunch hour, site tours of HPA projects and involvement in various not-for-profit design projects including reDesign for the Textile Museum of Canada, and the Cherish auction for ONExONE where a small team of HPA staff

worked together to redesign chairs to be auctioned off for charity. Internally, ongoing education has also included the roll-out of BIM across the office. They have been proactively training HPA staff and work with their clients and consultants to develop an efficient methodology to integrate the use of 3D modelling software into their project design and delivery process. As leaders within the profession, HPA are often sought after for their expertise. As teachers, 05/13足 canadian architect

17


Ben Rahn

Steven Evans

The Schulich School of Business at York University, in joint venture with Young + Wright Architects; The University of Waterloo School of Pharmacy, in joint venture with Young + Wright Architects; The Weston Family Learning Centre at the Art Gallery of Ontario. OPPOSITE, CLOCKWISE FROM TOP The Art Collectors’ Residence in Toronto; Toronto’s Camera Bar; the Ontario Pavilion at the 2012 Vancouver Winter Olympics, in collaboration with Lord Cultural Resources and Iredale Group; The Ravine Residence in Toronto.

the partners and some of the senior staff have taught at the University of Toronto and Ryerson University as adjunct professors or visiting critics. As experienced professionals, both partners give public lectures on a regular basis about the firm’s work and broader topics affecting the profession. Additionally, as accomplished practitioners, HPA participated in the Tall Buildings Study for the City of Toronto, working collaboratively with a team of specialists including planners, urban designers, engineers, lawyers and politicians to provide measurable criteria, including performance standards, to be included in the City’s land-use planning and development approval framework. HPA has been committed to the development of design as a meaningful cultural, social and economic endeavour, focused on working with quality clients, regardless of typology or budget. Enduring design and sustainability permeates each of their projects. In addition to their team’s various LEED accreditations, careful consideration is always given to the environmental impact of their projects. Their work has been recognized locally, nationally and internationally having won over 60 18 canadian architect 05/13

Tom Arban

Clockwise from ABOVE

awards including the Governor General’s Medal in Architecture, International Property Awards, and several OAA and Canadian Architect Awards. Profiles on the partners and the practice, in addition to editorials and case studies on HPA projects have been published nationally and internationally in a broad range of media that cover architecture, design, interiors, engineering, construction, lifestyle and daily news. Currently, HPA are overseeing the design and construction of nearly 50 institutional, cultural and mixed-use projects, including the international competition-winning Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario, and the competition-winning design for the expansion of the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto, as well as the 75-storey One Bloor development at the most active and prominent intersection in the city of Toronto. Hariri Pon-

tarini Architects continue to push the envelope at home and abroad, working with their clients and collaborators to ensure excellence and to realize the full potential of architecture. Jury Comments

Hariri Pontarini Architects’ work is noteworthy and significant in the rigour, balance and utter refinement of form, materials, detail control and utmost precision in execution—evidenced in all their projects. The jury particularly appreciated the range of work—from high-rise housing to public buildings—all demonstrating responsiveness to site, program and tectonics. The jury for this award was comprised of Peter Car­dew, MRAIC; Eric Haldenby, FRAIC; Marianne McKenna, FRAIC; Anne Cormier, MIRAC; and Lola Sheppard, MRAIC.


05/13足 canadian architect

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RAIC Awards—EMERGING PRACTICE

James Brittain

5468796 Architecture

5468796 Architecture

Winnipeg-based studio 5468796 Architecture emerged in 2007 in response to an extremely conservative civic environment, where private developers are largely concerned with the bottom line and unconventional ideas are always measured against safer or cheaper options. The 12-person office recognized early on that creativity must contend with and counteract the perceived norm in order to be realized. Working around a single table, the studio pursues innovative solutions to achieve high architectural value within the modest budgetary constraints typical of their city. Principals Johanna Hurme and Sasa Radulovic came to Canada from Europe during the mid1990s (from Finland and former Yugoslavia, respectively), each graduating with a Master of Architecture degree from the University of Manitoba, followed by several years of work in Winnipeg prior to establishing 5468796 Architecture in 2007. Colin Neufeld, a former classmate, joined the firm in 2008. 5468796 finds fascination in all the design disciplines, and works at all scales, from furnishings to urban fabric. Inventiveness is paramount within the studio, not as a manifestation of individual preference, but rather as a direct response to client, context and program. They spend a great deal of time seeking to understand a project, and thereby define the problem (or rules of engagement) accurately. Instead of conceiving of projects along a line of hard/soft costs, they look at design more holistically, combining fees, profits and construction costs. In doing so, they are able to reallocate funds strategically rather than simply spend them. This way of working necessitates collaboration around the table early in the process, under­standing material constraints and potentials, and generating mock-ups to test ideas. Through front-end design they work to integrate all systems, streamlining and incorporating them into the concept. With the support of an invaluable network of local trades, contractors and artisans, they have been able to confront ac22 canadian architect 05/13


5468796 Architecture

5468796 Architecture

5468796 Architecture

62M will feature raised condos with views of the Red River; The multi-family residential Centre Village was com­ pleted with Cohlmeyer Architecture Limited; Study models of Welcome Place in Winnipeg; BGBX is a 24-unit housing development featuring a hidden courtyard. Above, clockwise from top left Guertin Boatport is a floating dock topped by a lounge space in western Ontario; The OMS stage provides a sculptural focal point for Old Market Square in Winnipeg; The modest Webster Cottage sits adjacent to Lake Winnipeg; Bond Tower will combine offices and corporate condos.

Opposite, top to bottom

cepted solutions and reinvent standard off-theshelf methods. Their obsession with innovation extends to a shared passion for carefully planned residential projects that maximize density without compromising the public environment. As the suburban housing model continues its appropriation of North America, one of their biggest challenges is being able to shift public opinion about how much space we really need to live. They believe that downsizing through design is integral to a sustainable future, and seek ways to create rich spatial experiences with less overall space. 5468796 makes design advocacy an ongoing pursuit through critical practice, professorships at the University of Manitoba, and numerous public engagements. Various members of the office have spoken at universities across Canada— including Ryerson, Dalhousie, Waterloo and Carleton—and have travelled as far as Guadalajara, Mexico to lecture at the Tecnológico de Monterrey. 5468796 was selected by The Architectural League of New York to speak in the 2012 installment of the Emerging Voices lecture

series, and that same year Sasa and Johanna travelled to Mexico City to participate in the 13th Annual Arquine Conference. In February 2013, 5468796 was invited by the Royal Institute of British Architects to present its Bloc_10 project. Additionally, the office has been an active participant in establishing and hosting a new monthly event in Winnipeg called On the Boards, which brings together local practitioners for discussion and critique of work in progress. Migrating Landscapes, Canada’s entry to the Venice Biennale in Architecture in 2012, was curated by 5468796 Architecture and Jae-Sung Chon, who joined together to become the Migrating Landscapes Organizer (MLO). In 2011, MLO launched a national competition, inviting young Canadian architects and designers to create video narratives and architectural scale models of dwellings in response to their personal experiences of migration and immigration. The work was selected by regional juries and displayed at seven exhibitions across the country. Regional winners were then shown at a national exhibition in Winni­peg in the spring of 2012, where 18 win-

ning teams were selected to represent Canada in Venice in an imaginative installation that abstracted the physical, social, economic and political conditions forming Canada’s pluralistic cultural identity. Jury Comments

5468796 represents the very best of Canadian practices. This firm clearly stands out on the Canadian architectural landscape and is undeniably helping to reshape it. Their work is refreshing and important in its combination of typological daring, visual playfulness and intellectual rigour—all the while thoroughly engaging in the fundamental questions of architecture and urbanism. To have achieved the breadth and quality of work at this stage in their careers—from urban pavilions to low-cost housing to multi-use commercial buildings—is all the more remarkable. The jury for this award was comprised of Peter Cardew, MRAIC; Eric Haldenby, FRAIC; Marianne McKenna, FRAIC; Anne Cormier, MIRAC; and Lola Sheppard, MRAIC. 05/13­ canadian architect

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Maxime-ALEXIS Frappier

Maxime-Alexis Frappier graduated in 2000 from the Université de Montréal School of Architecture, winning a Canadian Architect Student Award of Excellence for his thesis work. From 2000 to 2006, he worked for Saucier + Perrotte architectes on various projects such as the Schulich School of Music at McGill University, the First Nations Pavilion at the Montreal Botanical Garden, the New College student residence at the University of Toronto, the Perimeter Institute in Waterloo, and the Michel Brisson boutique in Montreal. In 2006, he co-founded ACDF Architecture, which is now comprised of 35 passionate professionals. Since the creation of ACDF, he has

worked on several projects through­out Canada, Abu Dhabi and Dubai (UAE), Can-Tho (Vietnam) and Jakarta (Indonesia). His conceptual approach to design is based on the precise understanding of the user’s needs. From this, he creates spaces where functionality and efficiency give legitimacy and strength to a sensory and poetic approach to architectural design. His first constructed project with ACDF was St-Germain Égouts et Aqueducs, which received a Governor General’s Award in Architecture in 2010, in addition to an Award of Excellence from the Quebec Association of Architects in 2009. This work, along with other recent projects, has been published in more than 30 international

magazines. Since 2005, Frappier has been an invited professor at the Université de Montréal School of Architecture. He has also been a frequent guest critic at both Laval University and Dawson College. His teaching methodology is based on an intuitive approach that encourages the use of phys­i­ cal and 3D modelling and videos. He has been a guest instructor at the University of Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam, and was invited to give a special lecture at the University of Taipei after partici­ pating as a finalist in the prestigious Keelung Terminal international competition alongside such renowned architecture firms as Mecanoo, Asymptote and Neil M. Denari Architects.

The head office for St-Germain Égouts et Aqueducs floats above an artificial pool; stacked interior and exterior images of the aquatic centre in Saint-Hyacinthe, completed with TLA; ACDF’s library in Saint-Eustache, north of Montreal. Right An extension for the Mother house of Soeurs de la Charité du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus. Opposite bottom The local library and city hall are paired in this project for La Malbaie, overlooking the St. Lawrence River. The project was completed in consortium with Bisson and Desgagné architectes. TOP, left to right

Marc Cramer

Marc Cramer

RAIC Awards—Young Architect

26 canadian architect 05/13


James Brittain

James Brittain James Brittain

Les tavernes du Québec, which is shown on the Historia channel. In addition to his efforts in promoting the profession and role of architecture in the media, Frappier has been an elected director of the Fonds d’assurance de l’Ordre des architectes du Québec since 2011. He is also an active board member of Maison de l’architecture du Québec, which is concerned with the promotion of young architects and their work in Quebec.

bold forms, strong material palette and a clear ability to address site. Several projects are situated in challenging sites—whether due to the presence of infrastructure or complex topography. The buildings engage site, but equally construct their own, and mark a presence in their surrounding context. In addition, Frappier is exceptionally committed to the profession and vigorously contributes to training future architects both within his firm and as a university instructor.

Jury Comments

The jury for this award was comprised of Peter Car­dew, MRAIC; Eric Haldenby, FRAIC; Marianne McKenna, FRAIC; Anne Cormier, MIRAC; and Lola Sheppard, MRAIC.

The jury was impressed by the quality and breadth of work achieved by so young an architect. Jury members appreciated the clarity of the work, the

Stéphane Groleau

He has organized several student exhibitions including Îlot Voyageur at the Galerie Monopoli in Montreal in 2006 and Iconic Saigon Proposals in March 2011 in Vietnam, and has been a jury member for several important architectural competitions in Quebec including la Bibliothèque Saul-Bellow, la Salle de Spectacle de MontLaurier, and the new offices for l’Ordre des architectes du Québec. Frappier has often been invited to speak about architecture and creativity, and has written a weekly segment on the radio program L’aprèsmidi porte conseil for Radio-Canada. He has been a guest on the TV program CRÉER à ARTV. Frap­pier has also contributed to the TV series

05/13­ canadian architect

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RAIC Awards—Innovation in Architecture

GlaxoSmithKline Quebec

ARCHITECT LOCATION

Coarchitecture Quebec City, Quebec

The new administrative building for GlaxoSmithKline is located in the Quebec Metro High Tech Park, opposite the company’s vaccine production facility. Coarchitecture’s multidisciplinary team included building science professionals and a mechanical engineer from the competition stage of the design development. This process resulted in an innovative building demonstrating synergies between architecture, structure, electrical-mechanical systems and Smart Working Environment solutions. The building is oriented to optimize solar gain, offering full daylighting without skylights or external shading devices. Open-plan workspaces are located to the north, where temperature and glare are easy to control. Meeting, training and service spaces that require acoustic and visual shielding are blocked in the centre. Finally, circulation areas and gathering spaces, which may tolerate some fluctuation in temperature, are grouped to the south. This strategy significantly reduces loads on the building’s HVAC systems.

A dramatic curved roof provides solar protection to the east and west façades. Above, left TO RIGHT Butterfly-like ceiling structures integrate HVAC, lighting and acoustic functions; The lobby and main stair, adjacent to the double-skin façade.

Top

Perforated metal sails help to control solar gain from the east and west façades while giving the building its signature appearance. Further, the shape of the roof creates a lift effect that encourages exterior air movement, aiding in the natural ventilation of the building. A wood structure was chosen for its environmental and aesthetic qualities. Visible through the glass façade, the triangulated frame serves as bracing as well as supporting horizontal, vertical and seismic loads. The cylindrical members are tapered for an elegant effect, a first for the manufacturer. The use of wood for almost all structural components results in a building that is practically carbon-neutral when sequestration is taken into account. An entirely geothermal heating and cooling system was chosen for its energy performance, comfort, and ability to harmoniously integrate with the wood structure. The system’s chilled beams and radiant floors optimize the comfort of the interior spaces and facilitate the recuperation of heat 05/13­ canadian architect

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1 Roof assembly 2 Birdscreen 3 Vent damper 4 Motor for damper control 5 Galvanized steel walkway/brise-soleil 6 Floor assembly 7 Single-pane glass 8 Double-pane sealed glass unit 9 Double-skin aluminum 10 Aluminum curtain wall 11 Wood column 12 Wood girt 13 Concrete base 14 Ground-floor assembly 15 Foundation wall

South Double Skin 1 Chimney effect ventilation 2 High-performance mullions 3 Walkway/Brise-soleil 4 Fresh air intake

30 canadian architect 05/13

Air management 5 Air intake 6 Air-handling unit with heat recovery 7 Chilled beam 8 Air return 9 Air supply 10A Natural ventilation 10B Mechanical ventilation 11 Air exhaust

Winter Rainwater management 12 Roof drain 13 Chlorine treatment Heating and cooling 14 Geothermal wells 15 Heat pump 16 Heat exchanger 17 Radiant floors 18 Chilled beam supply Lighting 19 Indirect artificial lighting 20 Low-e double glass

South Double Skin 1 Trapped warm air 2 High-performance mullions 3 Walkway/Brise-soleil 4 Natural convection Air management 5 Air intake 6 Air-handling unit with heat recovery 7 Chilled beam 8 Air return 9 Air supply 10 Mechanical ventilation 11 Air exhaust

Rainwater management 12 Roof drain 13 Chlorine treatment Heating and cooling 14 Geothermal wells 15 Heat pump 16 Heat exchanger 17 Radiant floors 18 Chilled beam supply Lighting 19 Indirect artificial lighting 20 Low-e double glass 21 Blinds


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Concealed air intake and return ducts Overdimensioned air ducts reduce noise Finned tubes linked to chilled beams temper ambient air Cool air and fresh air supplied through grate Warm exhaust air naturally rises and is evacuated at top of room Angled panels concentrate cooled air over workspaces Neutral finish absorbs sound and diffuses light

Service walkways double as solar shading within the double-skin wall.

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energy. These strategies allow for reduced duct sizes and for a visually unobstructed wood structure. For the open workspaces to the north of the building, Coarchitecture developed a custom system combining acoustic panels, air conditioning, indirect lighting, and ventilation functions. Pairs of butterfly-like acoustic panels are joined by chilled beams, with mechanical systems and cabling grouped above. The diffusers for the chilled beams were modified by the addition of a baffle to ensure even distribution of cooled air. The butterflies work in tandem with the radiant floor to maintain a constant temperature in the workspaces. The south façade is fully glazed to maximize solar gain. In the winter, this heat energy is transferred to the rest of the building through its radiant floors. The façade is equipped with a double-glazed skin that improves thermal insulation and permits the integration of a shading system. The horizontal shades, which double as walkways for maintenance, are designed to limit direct solar gain in the summer months. At the top of the space, dampers open to release heat in the summer. The orientation and positioning of operable windows were designed to optimize natural ventilation. A building control system linked to local weather data automatically opens windows when necessary; when open, air conditioning and mechanical ventilation to these areas are halted. On average, this system functions 20 times each year. A careful landscape approach restored ecological function to the surrounding site, formerly a gravel parking lot. A natural basin was preserved,

and an additional retention basin and linear drainage basins were constructed to control stormwater runoff. Raised berms were created with earth from the basement excavation. The few existing trees were protected, conserved and integrated. Jury Comments

The jury noted a theme that connects all three projects recognized for Innovation in Architecture this year. Each demonstrates a high level of architectural resolution that integrates thoughtful aesthetic design with technical innovations. The projects display innovation at all levels of the design, from poetic concepts through to technical construction details, and are built expressions of thoughtful and well-articulated strategies of innovative design processes. Here, GlaxoSmithKline demonstrates a high level of design integration of current technical strategies and excellence in architectural design. This project displays a bold and clear design strategy by an integrated design team utilizing the best of current building design approaches and technologies. The technical design solutions are both comprehensive and multifaceted. The project team has created an office workplace that would be a highly desirable environment in which to work, and the building is highly readable in its spatial and building-systems expression. The mechanical air distribution and flow systems are very well researched and innovative. The project is designed as a whole system from the site design to the detailing of the com­ ponent elements. 05/13­ canadian architect

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Bloc_10

James Brittain

James Brittain

James Brittain

RAIC Awards—Innovation in Architecture

ARCHITECT LOCATION

5468796 Architecture Winnipeg, Manitoba

Bloc_10 is a multi-family housing project that strives to reimagine and reinvent the market-driven condominium. On the site of a former gas station in Winnipeg’s River Heights neighbourhood, the developer wanted a modestly priced building designed and constructed within 12 months. The resulting three-storey, 10-unit condominium project was modelled after the white-box concept: each buyer purchases an unfinished unit with basic plumbing, heating and electrical systems. Buyers can decide which rooms they would like distributed on each level and they can personalize their finishes to their own taste and budget. All of the units (sized between 900 and 1,300 square feet) rise over three levels and most have two balconies. As the apartments ascend, they cross from one side of the building to the other, resulting in 10 unique, interlocking layouts that feel like a hybrid between a condominium and a house. To take advantage of the maximum allowable mass for the development, cantilevered projections expand rooms, create balconies and provide support for the wooden, vertical-slat privacy screen that wraps the building’s exterior. The screen serves many purposes. It provides each homeowner with privacy and shade; yet by offering glimpses of neighbours, it also encourages community. The screen’s slats filter views of the surroundings, playfully 32 canadian architect 05/13

drawing the city into Bloc_10’s expression. The screen’s sheer texture and kinetic spirit unify the façade and give Bloc_10 a distinctive identity within the city. At the project’s outset, the client expressed a desire for simple woodframe construction and an uncomplicated building envelope. The whitebox concept arose from the need for a low entry-level price point, as well as flexibility in how the units could be sold and marketed. The architectural challenge was to take an expected, generic typology and create something unexpected—to shake up the white box. The final design uses basic, seemingly standard built elements (stairs, plumbing chases, windows and doors, floors and skin) to create a unique, cohesive whole—regardless of the eventual inhabitations of each unit. The adaptability of plumbing, HVAC and electrical systems are also critical to the success of a white-box development. These systems must provide efficient, coherent connection points to limit costs of future extensions and modifications of the system, without restricting layout possibilities. Electrical distribution begins at the main floor in the stairwell wall and diagonally follows the ceiling to each floor connection. The main water supply and all drain lines run vertically within the plumbing walls. This arrangement situates the mechanical areas at the core of the building rather than the more coveted exterior wall areas. Individuals can take advantage of this flexibility


James Brittain

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Bloc_10 transforms a simple box into a Chinese puzzle of residential units; Many units include a semienclosed balcony; A cedar screen provides visual texture. Above Each unit has a separate ground-floor entrance and its own circulation stacked within the building core. Opposite, clockwise from top left

to customize their living situation into a number of dwelling scenarios. The stacking and staggering of unit floor plates results in a complex relationship between neighbours. All units have access to full north and south exposure, typically with an additional east or west face, making eight of 10 units into three-sided corner suites. The variable layout also provides every tenant a place of refuge from the traffic noise on Grant Avenue. The entire structure is composed of prefabricated wood components, built off site in a climate-controlled warehouse and shipped to site in panels. The prefab process helped accelerate the construction schedule, improve quality control and reduce overall waste. The screen is composed of cedar, which is considered the optimal choice for exterior applications due to its natural rot resistance. Over 50% of the wood used is Northern White Cedar, selectively harvested in southeastern Manitoba in a salvage area designated for logging due to beetle kill. All of the mature trees were personally harvested by a local wood supplier, who also dried, milled and stained the wood. The wood travelled no more than 200 kilometres from its origin to the site, contributing to very low embodied energy. The remainder of the wood required for longer lengths is comprised of Western Red Cedar, supplied from British Columbia and locally milled. The stain used is an environmentally friendly product, which will lightly fade from black to a weathered grey.

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Ultimately, Bloc_10 is a study in how a box design can be both simple and complex. The standard three-storey walk-up building typology is reimagined, distributing 10 original layouts across and through the site. This reinvention of the commonplace should encourage future developers and architects to approach other typical or mundane building typologies with renewed energy to reconsider them and create something unexpected. Bloc_10—completed with a limited budget, modest scale and common typology—provides a unique architectural and spatial experience, too often reserved for projects with larger budgets and aspirations. All projects should inspire those who use them, live by them, or simply drive by them on a daily basis. Jury Comments

This particular project is one of a series of compelling projects from 5468796, demonstrating that this firm is clearly innovative in their project and design development processes. They continue to produce creative, unique and consistently excellent projects—even those with modest programs and budgets. More specifically, this project shows a multifaceted (view, safety, privacy, solar control) use of exterior screens that also unifies the architectural expression. 05/13­ canadian architect

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Jimmy Hamelin

RAIC Awards—Innovation in Architecture

Irène

ARCHITECT LOCATION

KANVA Montreal, Quebec

This urban housing project located in Montreal’s borough of St-Henri exemplifies innovation as a valuable design tool to distinguish a building in a saturated residential market. Perforated aluminum panels were customized into a novel exterior building envelope that screens the upper three storeys of an addition above an existing industrial building. Drawing an analogy with a theatrical curtain, the metallic skin acts equally to veil and to reveal the activity within, serving a performative function that adds a touch of spectacle to the neighbourhood. The site presented the opportunity to renovate and restore an existing two-storey industrial building dating back to 1938. Considerable effort was made to study and understand both the residual building and the surrounding context, presently undergoing substantial urban revitalization.

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Historically, the borough pre-dated the first phase of industrialization in the city of Montreal and flourished with railroads uniting the StHenri borough with New York, Detroit and Chicago. Initially constructed by the Railway and Power Engineering Corporation Ltd. for metal fabrication components, the building speaks of a past era boasting brick façades with decorative pilasters and ornamental masonry accents. Removal of one of the building’s corners relieves the density of the urban context and optimizes the space by integrating an interior courtyard. A three-storey addition results in a contrasting superstructure of a light, floating volume atop the existing heavier base, giving rise to a dialogue between old and new, traditional and contemporary. Much like a skin, perforated metal cladding on the south façades allows the building to breathe while serving as a passive sun shield. Its useroperated panel system lets occupants control

variables like ventilation, daylight and privacy, and must withstand climatic challenges such as freeze/thaw cycle, snow/ice interference and wind loads. This system was developed with sketches, new details, models, light studies, shop drawings and samples. A full-scale mock-up of the panelling system was erected to study issues of operability, aesthetics, feasibility, durability, waterproofing, wind patterns, solar screening (optimal perforation size) and transparency/ opacity for light and privacy concerns. The distinctive architectural feature that characterizes Irène offers innovative functionality that aids in comfort, convenience and efficiency in everyday life. For the occupants, this skin serves as both a privacy screen and shield enhancing the living experience in a number of practical ways; permitting daylight, allowing direct natural ventilation, and controlling intimacy. The operable modular shutters offer a control of views and environment through simple bi-folding mechan-


Jimmy Hamelin

Marc Cramer Opposite Irène renovates and sits atop an existing two-storey industrial building. Above, left to right The building is clad with a combination of fixed and foldable aluminum panels; Units include shaded balconies. OPPOSITE BOTTOM The movement of shutters creates dynamic patterns that shift throughout the day.

isms. The building’s users actively participate in establishing the interior experience by altering the façade through their daily routine. The culmination of individual experiences creates an overall shell that echoes the interior environment. From the street view, the result is a dynamic façade with shifting shutter patterns, a transformative quality of light, and the illumination of individual units—all reinforcing the notion of the building as a living entity. The transparency of the metallic skin, revealing and concealing the activity within, invests the building with a performative function, adding an animated vision to the neighbourhood. The curtain generates an emblematic image that promotes a sense of proprietorship and belonging to the community. Jury Comments

The existing two-storey industrial building was expanded with the addition of three new floors, clad with a custom aluminum screen system,

evacuation of air for each unit

supply of fresh air for each unit

solar screen (operable panel)

natural ventilation (operable window)

privacy (fixed-panel railing) Façade PERFORMANCE dIAGRAM

which simultaneously contrasts and complements the existing structure. The resulting contrast of the new operable modular shutter screen system is sympathetic and unpretentious, referencing the original use of the building through a certain “factory” quality. It is an expression of its current time while being fully respectful of the original building. This urban housing project

demonstrates a thoughtful and well-executed integration of innovative architectural design and technical resolution. The jury for these awards was comprised of Jeremy Sturgess, FRAIC; R. Craig Goodman, FRAIC; and Stephen Pope, FRAIC.

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RAIC Awards—GREEN BUILDING

The Atrium LOCATION

D’Ambrosio Architecture + Urbanism Victoria, British Columbia

Located in downtown Victoria, the Atrium is a seven-storey 200,000-square-foot mixed office and commercial building, with two levels of underground parking. Large floor plates accommodate a wide variety of tenancies with exceptional interior comfort. The namesake atrium functions as an arrival hall, social space and performance venue that brings natural light and visual interest deep into the building. The project prioritized energy-efficient and environmentally conscious operation and has been certified LEED Gold through the Canada Green Building Council. Occupying the length of a city block, the Atrium actively engages its civic context. To complement Victoria’s historic downtown and to reintegrate the site into the urban fabric, the building takes a mid-rise form (seven storeys tall), built to the street walls to give definition to the public realm. The frontages are animated by two main entrances (one on each of the two most prominent streets) and by the mostly glazed ground floor of shops, cafés and restaurants. Bordering the site are rain gardens with trees that, in addition to softening the streetscape, manage on-site rainwater and catch and clean polluted street runoff. The structure, built around the perimeter of the site, forms a central atrium space that, through its unique wood-structured skylight, allows daylight into the heart of the building while serving as a return air plenum for the displacement ventilation system. The interior finishes of the atrium—including the maximum amount of wood allowed by code—were used to add visual warmth and human scale to the dramatic space. The investment in natural and durable materials demonstrates the owners’ commitment to the revitalization of downtown Victoria. Driving the design process were thoughtful considerations of site ecology and community— evidenced by amenities such as sheltering niches and canopies, public seating, bicycle racks, lighting, artwork and a richly landscaped buffer between street and sidewalk. Through careful handling of the street frontages, program uses such as retail shops, cafés and restaurants contribute to an inviting and comfortable public realm. Water conservation efforts include the use of low-flow fixtures, the storage of sanitary waste until off-peak hours to reduce loads on municipal infrastructure, and the planting of local grasses which drastically reduce irrigation needs—achievements that have been recognized by the Capital Regional District, which awarded 36 canadian architect 05/13

Silent Sama

ARCHITECT

The Atrium’s namesake space is generously proportioned to bring natural light and civic activity deep into the building.

Above

the Atrium with its 2011 EcoStar Award for Integrated Watershed Management. Both present and future energy concerns were meticulously considered, alongside issues of materials, resources and the life cycle of the building. Furthermore, education and information sharing is achieved through the obvious features of the building alongside tours to the public, and a sustainability awareness program for new tenants.

vide considerable social, ecological and economic value to a previously largely abandoned urban block. The proposition and resulting design of this new high-density office and retail complex embodies all of the ambition and spirit of the emerging notion of regenerative design that emphasizes the catalytic role buildings can offer in increasing the social and natural capital of the places where they are situated.

Jury Comments

The jury for this award was comprised of Richard Kassner, FRAIC; Ray Cole, FRAIC; and Bruce Lorimer, FRAIC.

The Atrium is a thoughtful and elegant intervention in downtown Victoria that promises to pro-


Silent Sama

Silent Sama

Silent Sama

Silent Sama Silent Sama

Clockwise from top left Rain gardens filter runoff from the building site and street, a first for Victoria; The Atrium occupies the length of a city block; Skylight truss chords made from mountain pine beetle-killed lumber; A bustling interior cafĂŠ; extensive green roofs mitigate stormwater.

Site Plan

0

20M

Section

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RAIC Awards—Advocate for Architecture

Heather Dubbeldam

Heather Dubbeldam is an advocate for architecture in the truest sense of the word. Outside of her own full-time architecture practice, Dubbeldam Architecture + Design, Heather dedicates a significant amount of volunteer time to champion the cause of architecture on a local, provincial and national level, both through the organizations that she leads, and in her other volunteer activities. Driven by her passion for the field of architecture and its future, she has a genuine interest in generating awareness of the importance of architecture and the work architects do, and in developing a stronger sense of community and collegiality in the profession. She comes by her professional passion for architecture honestly; as a fourth-generation architect, Heather carries on the Modernist approach of her Dutch lineage. Her past studies and work experience internationally in Italy, France, Switzerland and Turkey have not only influenced her design aesthetic, but have also given her unique insights into the profession in other countries and cultures. Following graduation from Carleton University, Heather returned to Toronto to work with Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blum­ berg Architects for over six years before establishing her own practice. Heather is known for exacting standards in the design, detailing and execution of her firm’s projects, her integrity in business, and her dedication to volunteer and leadership work in the profession. As a licensed architect with the Ontario Association of Architects and a member of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, Heather promotes a long-term vision toward environmental sustainability and a commitment to incorporating sustainable design and systems into her firm’s projects. She is a LEED-accredited professional, a member of both Sustainable Buildings Canada and the Canada Green Building Council, and an adopter of the Architecture 2030 Challenge. At the local level, Heather is active as a leader and advocate for the profession as the Co-Chair of the Toronto Society of Architects (TSA), advocating to ensure architecture and urban design are key considerations in public discussions and processes that have impact on our built environment. Having actively worked on the TSA Executive Board for almost 12 years, she has helped the organization to expand not only its membership, but also its programs and reach, actively engaging a younger generation of architects and interns. Currently in her third term as Co-Chair—a volunteer role and elected position— Heather is involved in the TSA on a continual basis, overseeing all of its activities and constantly developing new ways for the TSA to impact the promotion of architecture and architects in Toronto. She is involved directly with the 38 canadian architect 05/13

many exhibitions, publications, forums and events that the TSA initiates and sponsors to engage the architectural profession and the public. Heather was a key member in the production of the award-winning TSA Toronto Architecture Guide Map, and was the editor of the TSA newsletter for nine years, producing 25 printed issues with a circulation of over 1,200. Three years ago the TSA launched a new program—Toronto Architecture Tours, which are guided walking tours of Toronto architecture directed at the public. More recently, Heather initiated a very successful program of building tours led by architects specifically for TSA members. And she has grown the TSA annual party in the past six years to become a major annual event attracting 400 guests and becoming a key fundraising vehicle. These programs and activities have resulted in the growth of the organization’s membership, increased collegiality, and the promotion of Toronto architecture outside of the profession. At the regional level, Heather has represented architects for the past six years on the board of the Design Industry Advisory Committee (DIAC), for which she is now a Director. The DIAC is a provincial not-for-profit think tank and cross-disciplinary research group established in 2001, comprised of key leaders from each of the six design disciplines in Ontario. In her role, Heather is involved in the DIAC’s efforts to promote the strategic value of design and the economic, social and environmental contribution of designers to business and industry organizations, and to municipal and provincial governments. The DIAC initiates and leads design charrettes, roundtables and seminars expounding the benefits of design as a tool for business success; they also meet with key stakeholders in various levels of government and industry groups to lobby on behalf of designers and to promote the value of design. At the national level, Heather is Co-Director of Twenty + Change, a national organization dedicated to promoting emerging Canadian designers working in architecture, landscape architecture and urban design who are pushing the boundaries of their disciplines. She organizes a biennial exhibition and publication series featuring 20 emerging design firms from across the country, launching a national call for projects, facilitating the receipt of entries from across the country, and arranging the adjudication process by a jury of noted authors, educators and practicing professionals. She is also responsible for seeking and securing sponsorship and grant applications, the printing and mounting of the exhibition material, and coordinating the touring of the exhibition in venues across the country. Both Twenty + Change Co-Directors work together to edit and produce a 130-page publication highlighting the


work of the selected firms. Moreover, she has organized numerous discussion forums and lectures, giving the participants of Twenty + Change the opportunity to discuss or present their work. The sole organization of its kind in the country, Twenty + Change has had a major impact on emerging practices in Canada. Outside of the specific organizations that she leads, Heather is dedicated to the future of architecture. She employs many young interns at her firm and mentors as many as 12 intern architects outside of the practice at any given time, helping them work through the intern architect program. Heather regularly makes time to lecture at universities and to participate in panel discussions and design charrettes. As a visiting critic at schools of architecture and a council member of the Ryerson Department of Architectural Science Program Advisory Council, she strives to build bridges between the profession and the educational world. Heather’s ongoing commitment to and support for architects and the architectural profession on a local, regional and national level is demonstrated through her actions and the organizations that she leads and to which she devotes endless time and energy. Her efforts and volunteerism have had a positive and in some cases profound impact on countless individuals and organizations within the field of architecture. Her passion and intensity have motivated others to pursue their own role in advocacy for architecture, benefiting the profession as a whole. Jury Comments

Heather Dubbledam’s numerous contributions to architecture and to the community we serve have been revealed in many ways: in the portfolio of a young but award-winning practice, in her continuous participation in the work of a long list of educational and professional advisory councils, and perhaps most convincingly in her leadership of advocacy programs that have effectively raised the level of awareness and debate in local, regional and national contexts. Her sustained commitment to the profession—on every level of engagement—has been outstanding. It’s great to see an architect of this calibre so committed to the greater good. Heather is a fine inspiration to younger architects and to the community at large. The jury for this award was comprised of Michael McClelland, FRAIC; David Covo, FRAIC; and Vivian Manasc, FRAIC.

The engaging TSA Toronto Architecture Guide Map presents the city’s modern and contemporary landmarks. Above, top to bottom A view of the Twenty + Change 03 exhibition at the Harbourfront Centre; Two views of the accompanying catalogues documenting Canada’s top emerging practices. OPPOSITE Top

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RAIC Awards—Allied Arts

Anikolab A consistent theme that permeates anikolab’s work is the quest for a visual and experiential language of the invisible, translating the ephemeral and unseen into cultural forms. anikolab’s research combines organic ingredients and inorganic phenomena—from insects and plants to rainstorms— with the technologies of immersive digital interface, artificial intelligence and material engineering. The late Aniko Meszaros’s creative collaborators have included cultural theorists, visualization software engineers, physicists and biotechnologists. Aniko’s plant anima project originally began with the assistance and involvement of Dr. Don Cowan and Dr. Peter Bentley at the Biotechnological Engineering and Evolutionary Computer Programming departments of University College London. The computational aspects of the work were expanded through consultation with the software developers at Oculus Inc. and other innovators. Communication, in its tangible and reflexive expression, are engaged directly through the design of the Global Village Square project, generated out of the interdisciplinary research and work at the McLuhan Program in Culture and Technology. This exploration of interactive representation was fundamental to Aniko’s understanding and illustration of public art and space. The public genre of art-making melds aesthetic practice into life experiences, and anikolab’s role endeavours to allow each member of the public to engage and potentially contribute to the work as part of his or her daily routine. This desire was most recently expressed through anikolab’s commission as the public artist in the design, development and site management for the multi-site work Roots for the Toronto Transit Commission’s renovated Victoria Park Station. In response to the rapidly changing environment of Scarborough, anikolab developed a suite of work to complement and amplify aspects of the ecological architecture of Stevens Group Architects. The opportunity to be involved in the design and development of an entire new branch of community infrastructure, especially in the role of public artist, is both rare and unique. As a participant in this collective process, anikolab’s approach to the creation of public space and artwork was to create a reflective palimpsest embodying the continually changing identity of the diverse communities they serve. Jury Comments

The range of Aniko Meszaros’s practice and the seriousness with which she pursued a profession utilized all of her architectural skills in a parallel path of design. Her work is exquisite visually, highly visceral and synthetic, yet really probes the edges of form-making. It is unusual to see this depth of ability and maturity in a younger practitioner. The works are evocative, rich and compelling. At times, they truly support the surrounding architecture, becoming integral to our appreciation of space. Yet they often appear to be more disconnected from architecture, but nonetheless provide a spatial sensory experience indicating a seriousness of intent, imagination, elegance and the ability to move the human spirit. The jury for this award was comprised of Marie-Odile Marceau, FIRAC; Robert Mellin, FRAIC; and Janna Levitt, FRAIC.

The Roots graphic developed for the Victoria Park Subway station in Toronto; A Mosaic tile Welcome Wall depicts enlarged tree rings; precast concrete wall panels incised with root patterns continue the theme.

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40 canadian architect 05/13


Clockwise from top left A rendering for a responsive vegetated textile carpet that would cover an industrial port; an organic screen weaving together digital and biological material; biological conduits for information; a proposal for a dynamically illuminated donor recognition wall for the University of Toronto’s faculty of Architecture, Landscape and Design; a study for screens linking public spaces in different cities; a plant anima prototype made with pomegranate juice and clear resin.

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RAIC Awards—President’s Award for Media in Architecture Liliane Bergevin

Philippe Lupien

Liliane Bergevin

Liliane Bergevin

Philippe Lupien, MRAIC, MOAQ, MAAPQ, is an architect and landscape architect, and past recipient of the Canada Council for the Arts’ Prix de Rome (1996). He has been distinguished with a Grand nom de l’archi­tec­ ture from the Université Laval and is a Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) ambassador. Lupien has been engaged in a transdisciplinary architectural practice since 1984 with Jacques Rousseau, Atelier KAOS and Scheme consultants. Concomitantly, he has worked as a professor at the Université de Montréal and at UQAM, and as a journalist with SILO, Art et architecture Québec (ARQ) and Le Devoir. He served on the editorial committee of ARQ magazine in the 1990s. More recently, he brought his interest in outreach and communica­ tion to the more public arena of television as host and content director of the program Visite libre. The Visite libre program that Lupien has hosted from the very first episode (there have been 97 to date, presenting more than 175 residences) was aired for the first time in 2003 and is still in production. This program, dedicated to increasing awareness of residential architecture in Quebec through the experience of its owners, has gradually built up a wide audience on two cul­ tural stations in Quebec and on one international station. With roughly 75,000 regular viewers on ARTV and 150,000 on TéléQuébec, this program has introduced the stations’ target audience to the work of more than 100 contemporary architects and restorers in addition to presenting the build­ ings of 19th- and 20th-century architects. For four years, the international TV5 monde station has broadcast this program in 200 countries. TV5, which is available to 120 million households and has a general viewership of 54 million, provides widespread promotion of Quebec’s local architecture. It should be noted that Visite libre is one of the rare cultural programs produced in Quebec to be exported across the five continents. With the same team of researchers for the past six years, Lupien has iden­ tified and meticulously documented the process leading to each project’s final outcome. He also ensures that each season features a spectrum of con­ cerns and diverse fields of expertise, including renovation, restoration and the exploration of new stylistic and methodological approaches. The strategy is simple: rather than providing renovation tips and advice, the program highlights and elucidates the work of architects while underscoring the im­ portance of quality client-architect collaboration. There is also special focus on the use of solutions that some would call ecological, but which attempt to demonstrate relevant and sustainable technical innovation. Jury Comments

Liliane Bergevin

The Visite libre series offers the most direct mode of experiencing and understanding architecture, short of the largely untenable option of visiting these private houses in person. The roving camera’s walk-through of each space, accompanied by the host’s insightful and unpretentious observations and questions, allows viewers to engage on a level that is both visceral and informed, as well as entertaining. Authoritative guest hosts such as Phyllis Lambert and Pierre Thibault enhance our intellectual understanding of these projects even further. The jury for this award was comprised of Paule Boutin, AP/FIRAC; Barry Hobin, PP/FRAIC; and Adele Weder. A country house designed by Vincent Boyer; Architect Alain Carle’s Maison des Elfes; YH2’s Géométrie Bleue farmbuilding conversion; Villa du Lac du Castor by Pierre Thibault.

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Massey College

ERA architects

ERA architcts

RAIC Awards—Prix du XXe Siècle

ARCHITECT LOCATION

Ron Thom Toronto, Ontario

cloistered, inward-facing plan similar to the “Oxbridge” tradition. The plan is an open rectangular courtyard surrounded by three three-storey residential wings and one four-storey wing. In 1989, in recognition of its architectural significance, Massey College was designated under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act. Jury Comments

Massey College is a skillful and humane interpretation of Arts and Crafts sensibilities in a Modernist idiom. It is remarkable for its seamless inte­ gration of exterior and interior design, including the rich detailing of its custom furnishings and fittings. It has aged well, and is one of the University of Toronto’s most treasured modern buildings.

ERA architects

ERA architects

Currently celebrating its 50th anniversary, University of Toronto’s Massey College (1963) is one of the most admired buildings on a campus rich with admired buildings. Designed by renowned Canadian architect Ron Thom, the College successfully achieves its project requirements, responds thoughtfully to its architectural context, breaks with trends of the day by folding several historical forms into a single form, and creates a stunning precedent anticipating design trends in Canada and internationally. To this day, Massey College remains a resilient, much-loved building that has required few changes, even a half-decade after its construction. The College was a gift from the Massey Foundation intended to create a special place to nurture learning, intellect, and the public good. Thom’s design was chosen in a competition that did not specify style, but which called for an arrangement recalling the English colleges of Oxford and Cambridge. In response to this call for academic dignity and intimacy, Thom created a

View of the Massey College courtyard; Ron Thom’s furnishings grace the dining room. BOTTOM, left to right The iconic clock tower; Modernist motifs are evident in the stair.

Above, left to right

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GPRC

Grande Prairie Regional College

ARCHITECT LOCATION

Douglas Cardinal Grande Prairie, Alberta

theatre, public lectures, and a range of musicians and comedians. On any given day, the campus reverberates with the sound of its classes, its students and also its community. This is a place where the people of this region come together to create, celebrate and share cultural moments. Jury Comments

This is a strong example of Cardinal’s early work and his first institutional building. His highly individual approach has shaped a building that has become a regional landmark. It is valued highly by the College as a working environment and as an embodiment of a distinctive understanding of place and people. The jury for these awards was comprised of Susan Ross, MRAIC; Dr. Michael McMordie; and Julian Smith. The professional advisor was Natalie Bull.

GPRC

GPRC

Grande Prairie Regional College is an early representative work of a prominent Canadian architect, an instantly recognizable structure which is a significant landmark in northwestern Alberta, and a building which for more than three decades has helped build the sense of community in Grande Prairie. When it opened its doors in 1974, it was one of only three Canadian post-secondary institutions located north of 55 degrees latitude. Since its completion, the Grande Prairie Regional College designed by then-young maverick architect Douglas Cardinal, FRAIC, has become a landmark. Cardinal blended his structure into the landscape to achieve a striking aesthetic, and the building is equally striking from within. The curved classroom walls and open spaces are unique, particularly compared to the utilitarian style which dominates so many campuses. But its role goes beyond campus to community-building. It was long the largest public space in the city and the amphitheatre routinely hosts community and travelling

Cardinal’s curved building rises over Bear Creek. BOTTOM, left The brick exterior recalls rolling Prairie landscapes; Organic contours define the interior of the amphitheatre.

Above

to right

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NEWS (continued from page 12)

Architects, will take place from June 5-8, 2013 at the Halifax Marriott Harbourfront Hotel and Convention Centre. http://festival.raic.org/index_e.htm University of Calgary’s EEEL Building gains LEED Platinum status.

The University of Calgary’s Energy. Environment. Experiential. Learning (EEEL) Building has recently been certified with LEED Platinum status. The EEEL Building was designed by an architectural and interior design team led by Perkins+Will and DIALOG. EEEL is one of the largest LEED Platinum-certified laboratory buildings in North America. “The design of EEEL centres around a grand ‘social stair’ and five-storey atrium, which brings an enormous amount of daylight into the building,” said Peter Busby, Principal of Perkins+Will, the design architect of the project. “This not only plays into the energy efficiency of the building but also creates an inviting space that the students have embraced.” EEEL is a studentcentric building designed to provide opportunities for hands-on and experiential learning in both individual and collaborative settings. Situated on the north end of the University of Calgary campus, the EEEL Building brings

together multiple departments in the Science and Engineering faculties, promoting crosspollination, integration and collaborative research. The building features a modular lab and classroom layouts that put science on display: the interior glass corridor walls allow students a view into the labs, classrooms, and theatres to observe and develop curiosity about what is being taught. www.ucalgary.ca/news/utoday/april2-2013/eeelbuilding-goes-platinum

asbestos, asphalt shingles and siding, awnings, bedrooms and bedroom furniture, benches, boilers, brick, various building materials, cabinets, canvas products, ceilings, clocks, concrete products, cornices, furniture, decorative materials and finishes, doors, farm buildings, fences, floors and flooring materials, furnaces, garages, glass, glazing, hardware, house plans, industrial items, insulation, interior decoration, kitchens, ladders, light fixtures, linoleum, lumber, masonry, millwork, nails, paint, panelling, pergolas, plants, plaster, playgrounds, plumbing, prefabricated homes, rolling ladders, roofing, sheet metal, shrubs, siding, storefronts, stucco, swimming pools, tents, tools, trees, varnish, walls and wall treatments, and wood materials. The materials are available to the public at no charge. The Canadian Centre for Architecture is the first major institution to share its collection, which consists of over 4,000 catalogues, and one-fourth of those date from the 19th century, among the rarest of the surviving trade literature. Some 5,000 catalogues were added in 2011 to 2012, and more will be digitized as materials and funding become available. www.archive.org/details/buildingtechnology­ heritage­library

APT Building Technology Heritage Library: A Modern Portal to the Material Past.

The Association for Preservation Technology (APT), in collaboration with the Internet Archive and the Canadian Centre for Architecture, has launched the Building Technology Heritage Library (BTHL). The BTHL is a Webbased, digitized collection of archival archi­ tectural and construction trade catalogues, house-plan books, and related publications. The collection consists of pre-1964 trade catalogues for major building materials and assemblies as well as house-plan books and catalogues of cabinetry and furnishings. Sample topics include: acoustic treatments, aluminum shapes and storefronts, architectural metalwork,

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Calendar Grand Hotel: Redesigning Modern Life

Ornament, Algorithm and Analogies

April 13-September 16, 2013 More than six years in the making, this groundbreaking exhibition at the Vancouver Art Gallery explores the impact of the hotel as one of the pre-eminent architectural and social structures of our time, and challenges visitors to consider the ways that the hotel has both reflected and been an agent of social and cultural change throughout the modern era. www.vanartgallery.bc.ca

May 24-25, 2013 The Faculté de l’amé­­n agement at the Université de Montréal—in collaboration with Aliki Economides (Harvard GSD)— hosts this symposium in which doctoral research from Canada, the US, France, Great Britain, Switzerland and Brazil will be presented. jean-pierre.chupin@umontreal.ca

CONTACT 2013: Field of Vision

May 1-31, 2013 The 2013 Scotiabank CONTACT Photography Festival frames a series of primary exhi­ bitions and public installations: in museums and galleries, on city streets and subway platforms, these presentations reveal a shared interest in photography as a visual paradigm, one that structures how we imagine scenes, places and events. http://scotiabankcontactphoto.com Do Photo

May 1-31, 2013 Taking place in over 50 storefront windows on Dundas Street West between Bathurst and Grace Streets in Toronto, the images in this nostalgic exhibition collectively portray a unique story of the changing nature of the street. www.dowest.ca/Blog.html

Construction Law Best Practices

May 28, 2013 This conference at the Toronto Don Valley Hotel & Suites features a strong program of speakers practicing in the field of construction law to help you ensure project success. www.microspec.com/reg/CLBP2013/ Society for the Study of Archi­ tecture in Canada conference

May 29-June 1, 2013 This event in Edmonton is an opportunity to meet up with colleagues from across the country while experi­ encing Alber­ta’s architectural heritage. www.canada-architecture.org/ conference.aspx

Kevin Roche: Architecture as Environment

May 9-July 6, 2013 This exhibition at the Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape and Design at the University of Toronto celebrates the work of the Pritzker Prize-winning principal of Kevin Roche John Din­ ke­loo and Associates (KRJDA).

QuARTz shower drains allow the bathroom floor to take on a new dimension to become an integral part of the design.

Canada Green Building Council National Conference

June 4-6, 2013 This event at the Vancouver Convention Centre focuses on how buildings and communities should be approached and planned with sustainable longevity. www.cagbc.org

Linear Shower Channel Solutions A choice of 8 grate designs, 2 material finishes in six standard lengths, & water activated LED lighting.

2013 RAIC Festival of Archi­ tecture

ShowerPoint Solutions A high quality area drain, which offers 5 grate designs and water activated LED lighting.

Archaeology of the Digital

May 7-October 13, 2013 This exhi­ bition at the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal examines the foundations of digital archi­ tecture at the end of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s. www.cca.qc.ca

Create Style with QuARTz by ACO

June 5-8, 2013 Taking place at the Marriott Halifax Harbourfront, this year’s Festival’s bears the theme of Value of Beauty—Integrity in Architecture, providing architects from across Canada with top-notch continuing education sessions and networking opportunities. http://festival.raic.org/ For more information about these, and additional listings of Canadian and international events, please visit www.canadianarchitect.com

Visit us online: www.quartzbyaco.com

ACO Systems, Ltd. (877) 226-4255 | www.acocan.ca

05/13­ canadian architect

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Gabriel Li

Gabriel Li

Meals on Wheels

Designers and chefs partner in creating food carts for a summer soirée in support of The Stop Community Food Centre in Toronto.

Text

Elsa Lam

In my first week of architecture school, the studio professor took our entire class to a bar and bought a round for the group. Lesson one: architecture is about bringing people together, and food and drink are invaluable accomplices. That message resonates in a Toronto fundraiser that pairs top local chefs with adventurous designers. Night Market fills the alleyway behind Honest Ed’s iconic bargain superstore with custom-created food carts, each offering treats plated or poured by a local restaurant. Proceeds go to The Stop, a community food organization that runs a food bank, drop-in meal centre and urban agriculture workshops. “When we first reached out to the design community last year, we were shocked by the outpouring of interest,” recalls Danielle Goldstein, who led the coordination of the inaugural soirée on last year’s summer solstice. This year they’re expanding from 27 to 35 carts, and will run the event over two nights—from June 18-19. The selected designers range from experienced studios like the Brothers Dressler to a shop class from Central Tech High School, with a healthy dose of architecture student groups in the mix. While 50 canadian architect 05/13

Clockwise from top left Rendering of Taco taco by Willinsky Design; GLMMR’s glow-in-thedark cart from last year’s event; co.labs’ design is covered in reflective scales; F_RM Lab’s booth will light up when its cowbell is rung; A space-age cart by students from Ryerson University’s School of Architecture; 3runettes’ flamingo stand.

most teams hail from Toronto, others are based as far away as Montreal and New York State. For young designers, it’s a chance to create a pavilion that will be seen by over 2,400 attendees, and potentially many more through mainstream and social media. Several of last year’s carts have had an afterlife: the wooden pig created by design collective co.labs has travelled to food events around town, and The Stop has reused Richard D’Alessandro’s cart made from pipe fittings and bike wheels in programs such as its summer beer garden. At least one food sponsor, Reunion Island Coffee, purchased their cart—a classy wooden crate by Brothers & Sons—after the event. Other partnerships have emerged between designers. Furniture designer Aaron Willinsky opened up his workshop space to others last year, and plans to do so again this time. A Facebook site facilitates material swaps. “There’s this whole element of community-building that has evolved from the event,” says Goldstein. The fact that the event is a fundraiser, rather than a competition, encourages a collaborative atmosphere. Carts to watch for this year? Design collective F_RM Lab plans to build a photo booth inspired by supergraphics and the theatre marquee sign-

age that covers the Honest Ed’s façade. Instead of Fat Albert bulbs, they’ll be using beer bottles slotted into plywood. Ryerson University’s [R] ed[U]x Lab has its CNC machines revved up to fabricate a flame-like lattice, with compartments for LED-lit utensil holders intended to disappear over the course of the evening. The most dramatic proposal entails a worktop supported from above—by a propane-fuelled hot air balloon. In case the prototype refuses to rise to the occasion, its Waterloo student designers have made contingency plans involving helium and a more conventional cart. “In order to make a splash in this city, where there is literally an event every single weekend, it has to be absolutely jaw-dropping,” notes Goldstein. Thanks largely to the creative efforts of its volunteer designers and chefs, Night Market is making its mark. It raised $57,000 for the organization last year, and will potentially raise $80,000 this year. But beyond funds, it’s accomplishing its main goal in spreading knowledge of the organization—particularly to the millennials active in both building and attending the event. “It’s getting the word out that The Stop exists and we’re working hard to get healthy food to marginalized and lower-income groups.” CA


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Canadian Architect May 2013  

Canadian Architect is a magazine for architects and related professionals practicing in Canada. Canada’s only monthly design publication, Ca...

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