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«Â íî÷ü íà 22 èþíÿ ÿ ñïàòü íå ïîøåë. Ñèäåë â êîìíàòå è ÷èòàë êíèãó. Âèäíî çàäðåìàë, è êíèãà âûñêîëüçíóëà èç ìîèõ ðóê è óïàëà íà ïîë. ß ïîòÿíóëñÿ çà íåé è óñëûøàë êàêèå-òî õëîïêè. Âçãëÿíóë ìåëüêîì íà ÷àñû, íà íèõ áûëî 03:45 íî÷è. Ñíîâà, ðàçäàëèñü êàêèå òî ñòðàííûå çâóêè ïîõîæèå íà ðàñêàòû ãðîìà. Ìàìà êðèêíóëà ìíå – «Ïåòüêà, çàêðîé îêíà, äåòè ãðîçû áîÿòñÿ». ß ïîäñêî÷èë ê îêíó, à òàì… Âñå íåáî ÷åðíîå îò ñàìîëåòîâ.  ýòó ìèíóòó ïîñûïàëèñü áîìáû, ïðÿìî ïåðåä íàøèì äîìîì. Îíè ïàäàëè íà ïàëàòêè êîìåíäàíòñêîãî âçâîäà, îòòóäà âûáåãàëè ñîëäàòû â îäíèõ êàëüñîíàõ è òðóñàõ. Ðÿäîì ñ íàìè áûëè äîìà, â êîòîðûõ æèëè ëåò÷èêè. Îòòóäà âûñêàêèâàëè ëåò÷èêè è ñòðåìãëàâ íåñëèñü íà àýðîäðîì èñòðåáèòåëåé È-16, íàõîäèâøèéñÿ çà ñòàðûì ïîëüñêèì êëàäáèùåì, íåïîäàëåêó îò øòàáà àðìèè. ß ñòîÿë êàê çàâîðîæåííûé è íå ìîã îòîðâàòü âçãëÿä îò ýòîé èçóìèòåëüíîé è ñòðàøíîé êàðòèíû, îò ðàçðûâîâ áîìá. «Ìåññåðû» ëåòåëè òàê íèçêî è ìåäëåííî, ÷òî ÿ âîî÷èþ âèäåë, êàê îäèí èç íåìåöêèõ ëåò÷èêîâ ïîìàõàë ìíå, ìàëü÷èøêå, ñòîÿâøåìó â îñâåùåííîì îêîííîì ïðîåìå, ñâîåé ðóêîé â ïåð÷àòêå. Ïîíèìàåòå, âèäåë! Ìíå ýòî íå ïîêàçàëîñü. Ïîñëå ýòîãî «ïðèâåòñòâåííîãî æåñòà», ÿ êàê áûë â îäíèõ òðóñàõ, âûïðûãíóë â îêíî íà óëèöó» (Äåëÿòèöêèé Ï.À. – òàíêèñò) «15 èëè 16 ñåíòÿáðÿ 1943-ãî ãîäà, îòøàãàâ áîëåå ÷åòûðåõñîò êèëîìåòðîâ, ìû ïðèáûëè íà ïåðåäîâóþ. Çäåñü íà Ñòåïíîì ôðîíòå, áûë ïåðåäíèé êðàé 280ãî ãâàðäåéñêîãî ñòðåëêîâîãî ïîëêà 92-é ãâàðäåéñêîé ñòðåëêîâîé äèâèçèè 37-é àðìèè. Ìû ðàçîáðàëèñü ïî ïîäðàçäåëåíèÿì. Êàñîê ó íàñ íå áûëî. Íà ñëåäóþùèé äåíü ìû óæå ó÷àñòâîâàëè â áîþ çà ãîñïîäñòâóþùóþ âûñîòó. Ýòîìó ïðåäøåñòâîâàë ïîó÷èòåëüíûé ñëó÷àé, ïðîèñøåäøèé íàêàíóíå, ò. å. â ïåðâûé äåíü íàøåãî ïðåáûâàíèÿ íà ïåðåäîâîé. Îí ïîêàçàë, êàê âàæíî íå çàðûâàòüñÿ è íå áðàâèðîâàòü, îñîáåííî íà âîéíå. Íàø ðàñ÷åò, ïðîéäÿ îêîïû ñòðåëêîâ, êîòîðûõ ìû äîëæíû áûëè ïîääåðæèâàòü îãíåì ïóëåìåòà, ñèäÿùèõ â ãëóáîêèõ îêîïàõ, ïåðåøåë íà ñêëîí áûâøåãî çäåñü áóãîðêà, îáðàùåííîãî ê âðàãó, íåñìîòðÿ íà ïðåäóïðåæäåíèÿ ñîëäàò, ÷òî íàñ ñíèìóò ñíàéïåðû. Ìû óñïåëè ëèøü ðàçâåðíóòü ïóëåìåò, êàê ïîäíîñ÷èêà ðàíèëî â áîê. Çàêðè÷àâ, îí ïîòåðÿë ñîçíàíèå. Ñòàùèâ ðàíåíîãî âíèç ïî ïðîòèâîïîëîæíîìó ñêëîíó áóãðà, ìû äàëè íåñêîëüêî î÷åðåäåé ïî ïîçèöèÿì ôàøèñòîâ, çàñåâøèõ â ïîäñîëíå÷íèêå. È â ýòî âðåìÿ áûë óáèò ïåðâûé íîìåð. Ïóëÿ ïîïàëà åìó â ïåðåíîñèöó ÷åðåç ïðîðåçü ùèòà. Ïî-âèäèìîìó, äåéñòâèòåëüíî, ñòðåëÿë ñíàéïåð. Ìû, íàêîíåö, ïîíÿëè, ÷òî ýòî íå íà ó÷åíèÿõ, ãäå ìû ëåíèëèñü îêàïûâàòüñÿ è ìàñêèðîâàòüñÿ, è ÷òî çäåñü íåäîëãî è ëåãêî ìîæíî ðàññòàòüñÿ ñ æèçíüþ. — Ñêîðåé îáðàòíî, à òî íàñ ïåðåñòðåëÿþò êàê êóðîïàòîê! — êðèêíóë ÿ. Ñêàòèâøèñü çà áóãîð è ñòàùèâ çà ñîáîé ïóëåìåò, ìû, îñòàâøèåñÿ âäâîåì ñ ïîäíîñ÷èêîì, ðóêàìè è íîãàìè âûêîïàëè ñåáå ÿìêè (áëàãî áûëî íåäàëåêî îò Äíåïðà è çåìëÿ áûëà ïåñ÷àíàÿ, ìÿãêàÿ), ÷òîáû õîòü ãîëîâó óêðûòü. Ýòî áûë óðîê íà âñþ ôðîíòîâóþ æèçíü. Ïîçæå ÿ ðàçäîáûë ìàëóþ ñàïåðíóþ ëîïàòêó è ñ íåé íå ðàññòàâàëñÿ, à ëèõà÷åñòâî êàê ðóêîé ñíÿëî». (Èëüÿøåíêî Â.ß. ïóëåìåò÷èê)


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Геродот №2  

Журнал студентов исторического факультета «Геродот»

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