Issue no: 988/99
• OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
• PUBLISHED TWICE WEEKLY
PRICE: GEL 2.50
In this week’s issue... Georgian Capital Celebrates Tbilisoba NEWS PAGE 2
Strong Trade, Tourism, & Remittances Growth Drive Optimistic Forecast for 2017
ISET PAGE 4
ON WINE & BRITAIN Award-winning Georgian wine film shown in London, the BGCC celebrates its 10th anniversary in Tbilisi, wine sales up and the Tbilisi Wine Fest upcoming
Georgia Exports 63% More Wine in January-September
Photo: Georgian Ambassador to the UK Tamar Beruchashvili introducing an award-winning film on Georgian wine last week
Vilnius & Kyiv Mark Tbilisi Day BY THEA MORRISON
Georgian Wine Festival 2017 – An Event You Can’t Miss! PAGE 7
he annual festival of Georgia’s capital ‘Tbilisoba’ was also marked in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius on Sunday. ‘Tbilisoba in Vilnius 2017’ was celebrated in a ‘Georgian’ square, where a record number of traditional Georgian Khinkali were made with the participation of festival guests. Members of the Lithuanian government, parliament, diplomatic corps, media and Georgian diaspora were among the guests at the festival. Georgian Ambassador to Lithuania Khatuna Salukvadze opened the event and awarded a number of festival guests with certificates naming them Honorary Citizens of Tbilisi. Within the event, the exhibition and sale of Georgian traditional handmade works was organized, and Georgian mineral and soft drinks
Georgia Hosts GUAM 20th Anniversary Photo source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia
were presented. Georgian enamel works were also exhibited and sold. Tbilisoba was also marked in Kyiv at an event opened by the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Georgia to Ukraine, Gela Dumbadze, in the center of Kyiv. The Georgian Embassy in Ukraine noted that within the frames of the event, the Ambassador visited the Ivane Kavaleridze Museum, where
the exhibition of modern Georgian artist David Avaliani was being shown. Dumbadze also visited a wine exhibition organized by Georgian wine companies, where all guests had the opportunity to taste Georgian wine and cuisine. The event was wrapped up by a joint concert of Georgian musical ensemble Alilo and Ukrainian creative collective ‘Georgia’.
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OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
Lado Gurgenidze Becomes Chairman of Supervisory Board at 4Finance
Georgian Capital Celebrates Tbilisoba BY THEA MORRISON
BY NINO GUGUNISHVILI
his weekend the Georgian capital Tbilisi united for the annual festival of Tbilisoba, which celebrates both the city and country’s cultural and historical diversity. The two-day festival features a range of entertainment, including open-air concerts, traditional music and dance, cultural events and a lot of food and wine. The main activities of the festival took place in the Old City, but smaller pockets of celebration could also be seen in numerous other districts of the city. The activities began at 12PM on Saturday: pavilions representing the capitals twinned with Tbilisi set up in Europe Square, a fair and exhibition of classic and new cars on Metekhi Bridge, children’s culinary classes, archeology for
ado Gurgenidze, Executive Chairman of Liberty Bank Georgia, has been appointed to the position of the Chairman of the Supervisory Board at 4Finance, a company which was established in 2008, and is considered to be one of Europe’s largest online and mobile consumer lending groups. As the company’s website states, since its foundation, 4Finance has provided more than 15,000.000 single payments, lines of credit, and instalment loans over EUR 5 billion. Gurgenidze served as a Prime Minister of Georgia in 2007-2008, and was an Executive Chairman of the Bank of Georgia from 2004 to 2007.
children and quizzes held in the New Tiflis-Agmashenebeli area, and a kite festival and master-classes in Rike Park. There was a festival of Georgian wine, an exhibition of Georgian produce, and a costume performance with musicians and actors in New Tiflis, alongside a festival of sweets, master-classes from
famous chefs, a fruit festival and various concerts. Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili walked along the renovated Agmashenebeli Avenue congratulating city residents on the day. The first Tbilisoba festival was held in 1979.
Tbilisi’s Honorary Citizens Awarded at Close of Tbilisoba 2017 BY NINO GUGUNISHVILI
he annual Tbilisoba celebration was rounded up with a massive concert and the traditional Honorary Tbilisi Citizens Awards on Sunday evening. Lado Ataneli, world-renowned Georgian opera singer, was first to be awarded as an Honorary Citizen of Tbilisi, followed by writer and journalist Tamaz
Tkemaladze; Roman Shakarishvili, Georgian Neurologist; Alexander Metreveli, famous Georgian tennis player; Merab Tavadze, actor, founder of the Royal District Theater; Gulnara Chapidze, Doctor, founder of the Chapidze Emergency Cardiology Center; Demiko Loladze, journalist; Eter Kemertelidze, chemist and scientist; Zaira Davarashvili, publicist, interpreter, professor; Vazha Durglishvili, composer; Zaza Pachulia, basketball player; Tamaz Kurashvili, jazz musician; and Johannes Hahn, European Neighborhood Policy
and Enlargement Negotiations Commissioner. “Tbilisoba is one of the most valued and important celebrations for us,” said Davit Narmania, Mayor of Tbilisi. “I’m sure each of you will remember these two days, and the last evening that brings to an end Tbilisoba 2017, where we award the honorary citizens of our city and our country, for all their outstanding work and dedication”. When the concert came to a close, the Mayor gifted each honorary citizen a symbolic key to the city of Tbilisi.
OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
Strong Trade, Tourism, & Remittances Growth Drive Optimistic Forecast for 2017 BY DAVIT KESHELAVA & YASYA BABYCH
SET-PI has updated its forecast of Georgia’s real GDP growth rate for the third and fourth quarters of 2017. Here are the highlights of this month’s release: • Recently, Geostat published the preliminary estimate of real GDP growth for the second quarter of 2017, which now stands at 4.7%. This is 0.7 percentage points above the previously estimated average growth rate for Q2. As a result, the real GDP growth for the first half of 2017 reached 4.9%. • The ISET-PI real GDP growth forecast for both the third and the fourth quarter of 2017 has been revised to 5.9%. • Based on July data, we expect the annual growth in 2017 to reach 5.3%. The more optimistic forecast is consistent with evidence coming from international development institutions. For example, the Asian Development Bank (ADB)
The increased demand for Georgian goods and services dramatically boosted Georgia’s exports
recently revised its expectations for real GDP growth in Georgia from 3.8% to 4.2% in 2017. According to the ADB’s updated report, Georgia is ahead of the majority of countries in the region, such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Among the reasons behind the revision are the increased funding of infrastructure projects in Georgia, increased tourist flows, improved remittances, and export statistics. We observe an upward revision of quarterly GDP to 5.9% in both the third and the fourth quarters of the year. This has to do with the update of the Q2 growth estimates (from 4% to 4.7%) rather than any significant changes in the model’s core explanatory variables. Yet, a few variables in the model did change substantially, both in annual and monthly terms. The most significant changes were observed in national currency deposits in commercial banks. The largest yearly increase was observed for the National Currency Time Deposits with maturity of less than 3 months – a 79% increase relative to the same month of the previous year. The second largest yearly increase was experienced by the National Currency Demand Deposits – a 49% increase year over year. Overall, the National Currency Total Deposits increased by more than 25% yearly. Accumulation of the national currency deposits further raises savings that will be transformed into investments and foster economic growth. Indeed, the National Currency Deposits related variables had a positive contribution on our GDP growth projection. In contrast, foreign currency deposits in Georgian banks changed only moderately in yearly terms. For instance, Foreign Currency Total Deposits increased by only 6% y/y. The Dollarization Ratio of total non-
Source: Trading Economics
bank deposits decreased by 3% in monthly, and 5% in yearly terms. According to our model, deposit dollarization had a small, but positive impact on real GDP growth. Improvements in external trade statistics had a significant positive effect on the GDP forecast. In the first two quarters of 2017, the economic activity of the region improved significantly. The Armenian economy grew 5.5% in the second quarter of the
10 Galaktion Street
year. The Turkish economy grew more modestly, 1.3% in the second quarter. Azerbaijan was the only country among Georgia’s immediate neighbors that was still unable to overcome a painful recession (see Figure 2). The increased demand for Georgian goods and services dramatically boosted Georgia’s exports. In July, exports increased by 22% in yearly terms. The main contributors to the export increase
were: (re)export of motor cars (48% ); wine (38%); medicaments (105%); alcoholic beverages (52%); and, copper ores and concentrates (21%). Imports to Georgia increased moderately, by 6% y/y, thus improving the trade balance by 0.6%. Other variables, representing external sectors, were also on the rise. Remittances increased by 20% y/y, and the number of tourists (visitors who spent 24 hours or more in Georgia) increased by 32.9% y/y. An improved trade balance, strong money inflows, and an impressive increase in tourism in July all made a significant positive contribution to the growth forecast. Among the variables which dragged the growth forecast down were consumer and producer price increases. The July increase in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) amounted to 6% yearly, while the Producer Price Index (PPI) increased by 11%. Our forecasting model is based on the Leading Economic Indicator (LEI) methodology, developed by the New Economic School, Moscow, Russia. We constructed a dynamic model of the Georgian economy, which assumes that all economic variables, including the GDP itself, are driven by a small number of factors that can be extracted from the data well before the GDP growth estimates are published. For each quarter, ISET-PI produces five consecutive monthly forecasts (or “vintages”), which increase in precision as time goes on. Our first forecast (1st vintage) is available about five months before the end of the quarter in question. The last forecast (5th vintage) is published in the first month of the next quarter. 1
The average growth forecast for the Central Asian region amounted to 3.3%. Source: https://www.adb.org/data/central-asia-economy#tabs-0-0
Tel: (995 32) 2 45 08 08 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
GEORGIA TODAY OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
The Prime Meridian of Wine at EBRD HQ UK demand for Georgian wine from Steven Spurrier, before Jorjadze and the film’s producer / president of the Georgian Sommelier Association, Shalva Khetsuriani, elaborated on some of the film’s themes. “The UK market has to understand Georgian wine for it to sell,” was the takeaway argument of the evening. With the redoubtable work by the Embassy going into its promotion, compelling
REVIEW BY ROBERT EDGAR, LONDON
his film is a small song to say I love my country - Nana Jorjadze told us in the Q&A after the screening of her multiple award-winning film The Prime Meridian of Wine at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), her slightly broken English serendipitously allowing for this pertinent choice of words. The film is a celebration of Georgian wine, tradition, music and culture, aspects which all cohere in the Georgian mind to create a strong sense of national identity. The event was organized by the Embassy of Georgia to the United Kingdom and formed part of its broad program of promoting cultural exchange between the two countries. In a brief welcoming speech, HE Tamar Beruchashvili thanked the EBRD for their help in galvanizing the Georgian economy and described the wine as “the real Excellency” before the film was screened in front of one of the largest audiences in the Bank’s history. The Prime Meridian of Wine follows a young vintner, initially dissatisfied with life in Georgia, who travels to England and France but whose discoveries lead him back to his home, the birthplace of wine. It charts a fascinating 8000-year unbroken tradition of Georgian winemaking and features contributions from
notable figures like Debra Meiburg, Hugh Johnson, and Steven Spurrier – one of the first to import Georgian wine to the UK. It’s an entertaining film that explains the process of winemaking in the country and details the large variety of grapes and types of vine to be found in the various regions of Georgia. Its real strength, however, lies in showing just how interconnected wine, music, and religion are in the Georgian culture: there are instances of Qvevri (the large clay vessels used for storage and fermentation) being used as sarcophagi for viniculturists; specific polyphonic chants developed as a way to ennoble the wine; and even the church’s iconography, like the grapevine cross. For me, the most striking part of the
Georgia Exports 63% More Wine in January-September
BY THEA MORRISON
eorgian wine export in the period of January-September 2017 increased by 63% compared to the same period of 2016. The data released by the National Wine Agency (NWA) reads that 52.7 million bottles of wine were exported from Georgia in the given period. Moreover, in the same period, $116 million worth of wine was exported, 55% more than in Jan-Sept last year. “Export growth is remarkable in the countries of the European Union, Asia, USA and others, a direct result of the coordinated work and well-planned marketing activity of the National Wine Agency and wine sector,” stated the
Head of the NWA, Giorgi Samanishvili. He noted that, in particular, export has grown in the following countries: China - 44% growth, Russia - 95%, Ukraine - 54%, Poland - 14%, Latvia 36%, Belarus - 34%, USA - 81%, Germany - 28%, Israel - 305%, Mongolia - 182%, France - 321%, Azerbaijan - 102%. The top importers of Georgian wine are Russia, China, Ukraine, Poland, and Kazakhstan. In addition, during the nine-month period, 11,354,403 bottles of brandy were exported to 22 countries, 89% more than in 2016. January-July brandy exports this year amounted to $25 million, which is 84% higher than the earnings for 2016. On the whole, export income for alcoholic drinks this January-July amounted to $194 million, or a growth of 54% compared to the same period in 2016.
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film was footage of the protagonist making wine, interspersed with archive shots from what looked like the early 20th Century. There are one or two cosmetic differences, but the actual method, from harvesting the grape to burying the Qvevri, has remained the same for millennia, one of the reasons for its listing by UNESCO among the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Wine exports took a hit in 2006 with Russia’s embargo, but instead of crippling the industry it has learned to look to other markets such as China, Europe, and the UK, the latter being one of the fastest growing. Clearly, the event was intended to arouse interest in the industry and Georgian culture in general. After the screening, we heard briefly about
films like The Prime Meridian of Wine, and recent effective marketing drives, I’ll be very surprised not to see a few more bottles of Mukuzani on the shelves of my local shop in the near future. The event’s partners and sponsors were the EBRD, the Georgian Sommelier Association & the National Wine Agency of Georgia, Wine Cellar Khetsuriani, GWS, Chateau Mukhrani, Shilda and Georgian Valleys.
OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
PASHA Bank Supports First â€˜CEO Lunch Tbilisiâ€™ by Caspian Energy
O FIRST BRAND HOTEL IN KUTAISI UNDER BEST WESTERN INTERNATIONAL Within the framework of the Georgian Hotelsâ€™ Regional Network Development Project â€œ12 hotels in 12 regionsâ€? by GHYHORSPHQWFRPSDQ\Âł6LPHWULDÂ´WKHÂżUVWEUDQGKRWHOKDV been opened in Kutaisi under the Best Western International brand. The hotel accommodates 45 guest rooms, including 40 standard rooms and 5 suites. The hotel was designed taking into consideration special conditions and safety for guests with disabilities.
Address: 11 Grishashvili Str., 4600, Kutaisi, Georgia TEL 219 71 00 email@example.com
Three mobile conference halls are available with a total capacity of about 100 persons. (XURSHDQFXLVLQHFDQEHHQMR\HGLQWKHJURXQGĂ€RRUFDIp and a grill-bar menu in the roof top restaurant with panoramic views over the city. The International Hotels Management Company â€œT3 Hospitality Management,â€? providing the hotel management, has 20 yearsâ€™ experience in hotel management in different countries globally.
n September 29, the Caspian European Club and the Caspian American Club hosted the first CEO Lunch Tbilisi within the framework of the official ceremony marking the resumption of activities of Caspian Energy Georgia. The event involves a series of meetings for CEOs of Georgia and Azeri companies and is supported by PASHA Bank. The Prime Minister of Georgia, Giorgi Kvirikashvili, First Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Finance of Georgia Dimitry Kumsishvili, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia Giorgi Gakharia and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Georgia Dursun Hasanov attended the CEO Lunch as honorary guests. Shahin Mammadov, Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of PASHA Bank Georgia gave a presentation about the Bankâ€™s activities and its financial highlights. He emphasized the significance of the project with regards to bringing together business circles from these two countries. Kvirikashvili awarded PASHA
Bank Georgia with a special certificate for joining and supporting the event that will serve the development of Georgia-Azerbaijan trade and economic ties. The PM also thanked the organizers. â€œThis will boost the birth of new business initiatives and expand contacts not only between businessmen of Georgia and Azerbaijan, but also representatives of other countries,â€? he said, adding that the Government of Georgia spares no effort to facilitate the attraction of investments into the country and Georgia is always open for Azerbaijani entrepreneurs. â€œI expect Georgian businessmen to expand their activities in Azerbaijan,â€? he said. According to First Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Caspian European Club and Caspian American Club, Telman Aliyev, â€˜CEO Lunchâ€™ is a very beneficial tool for networking and is hosted with the aim to create opportunities for CEOs to communicate in an informal environment and establish new contacts. The next â€˜CEO Lunch Tbilisiâ€™ is scheduled for October 27. The following meetings will be held on the last Fridays of every month.
â€˜Girls from the Futureâ€™ Photo Exhibition Dedicated to the International Day of the Girl Child
n 11 October, at 7PM, the Giorgi Leonidze State Museum of Georgian Literature will celebrate the International Day of the Girl Child by opening Dina Oganovaâ€™s Photo Exhibition â€˜Girls from the Futureâ€™. The photo project is supported by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Georgia Country Office within the frameworks of UN Joint Program for Gender Equality funded by the Government of Sweden. Through pictures and quotes, Oganovaâ€™s photo project shares the stories of adolescent girls (aged 10-16) from different parts of Georgia. The project promotes the idea that realizing the full potential of girls, creating equal opportunities and offering an enabling environment for them, as well as encouraging their access to education and healthcare, plays crucial role in the advancement and development of the country. â€œEvery girl should be given the opportunity to complete her education and make informed decisions about their own life and health,â€? they say. The photo project is part of the broader advocacy work led by the UNFPA Georgia Country Office for preventing the harmful practices of Early/Child Marriage and supporting the reproductive health and rights of adolescents and young people. Dina Oganova is a young Georgian freelance documentary photographer working in Georgia and other coutries on long term projects. She is a laureate of prestigious awards and was selected among the 30 best women photographers under the age of 30. Her long-term projects: â€œI Am Georgiaâ€?, â€œMy Placeâ€? and â€œFrozen Wavesâ€? were exhibited in France, Italy, Spain, USA, Poland, Germany, Turkey, Sweden, Denmark, Lithuania,
Ukraine, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Singapore and Georgia. She is the author of the first Georgian handmade limited-edition photo book â€œMy Placeâ€?. The book is in the personal collections of several museums, including the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Since 2016, she has successfully cooperated with the UNFPA Georgia Country Office on different social projects. WHERE: Giorgi Leonidze State Museum of Georgian Literature, 8 Gia Chanturia Str., Tbilisi WHEN: October 11 - 15
GEORGIA TODAY OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
Georgian Wine Festival 2017 – An Event You Can’t Miss!
he Georgian Wine Festival 2017 on October 15 will be packed full of activities: learn about the history of wine through tasting and check out the modern technologies of the industry. Publishing house Palitra L will present various books about wine and the VR House company will guide you through Georgian winemaking with virtual reality glasses. And this year’s novelty: a wine fountain, something never before seen in Georgia! The 2017 festival has been joined by Art Shock Company, a team composed of pantomime and drama actors, while folk ensembles Herios Quartet and Sameba will entertain guests in equal measure. Children have not been forgotten and will have trained employees of Biblus Gallery keeping their hands and minds busy while you enjoy the wine! For shopping lovers, and for those who are already getting started on their Christmas lists, there’ll be Georgian handmade accessories and crafts corners at the Festival. The Georgian Wine Festival 2017 will be held on Chardin Square and is organ-
ized by online wine store allwine.ge and the Maidan Group. At the event, which will be open to guests from 12PM to 7PM, small, medium and large producers will present their wines and will compete to get the title of Best Winemaker. 40 types of wine tasting and exhibition-sales are planned. What’s more, unique makes of cheese, the best churchkhelas and dry fruits, honey, and Georgian bread will be on display to taste and buy. Allwine.ge is launching another big project in the framework of the festival, which aims at promoting Georgian wine. "10 Wines You Must Taste in Your Lifetime!" will see 40 participants presenting one white and one red wine for a public vote on the basis of blind tasting. Voting will be run online at the second stage and a team of qualified sommeliers will reveal the 10 best wines as chosen by customers. The General Sponsor of the Georgian Wine Festival 2017 is Halyk Bank Georgia. Partners of the event are: the Sommelier Association of Georgia and National Tourism Awards "Welcome to Georgia".
OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
Where the Pen is Not Always Mightier than the Sword: The ICC BY MATE FOLDI
he International Criminal Court (ICC) is an international tribunal and intergovernmental organization committed to the investigation and, where warranted, trial of the most serious crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Based in The Hague, in The Netherlands, the Court was founded on July 17, 1998, upon the adoption and creation of the Rome Statue, with the Statute taking effect upon its ratification by 60 states on July 1, 2002, marking the official establishment of the ICC. Today, the court has 124 State Parties, with Georgia having joined in 2003. While the Court has no retroactive jurisdiction (it only deals with crimes committed on or after the aforementioned date), it is a permanent establishment whose actions, prosecutions and investigations are independent: it is immune from any political influence or interference, nor can it be subject to a special mandate from the UN. Moreover, the ICC is willing and able to try and/or investigate any individual, no matter their rank, role, or status : national amnesties or immunities cannot be invoked to block the Court’s jurisdiction. However, the Rome Statute does curtail the extent of the ICC’s jurisdiction in that it only has a mandate for crimes that were committed on the territory of a State Party, committed by nationals of a State Party, or referred to the Court by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). It is definitely no coincidence that the United States, Russia, China, India, Israel, and Saudi Arabia, amongst others, have not ratified the Statute. On October 3, representatives of the Court addressed members of the media in an informative session at Tbilisi’s Marriott Hotel. Among those present was the ICC’s Registrar, Herman von Hebel. The Registry was in Georgia for discussions on establishing a country office in Tbilisi and appointing a representative thereof. The talks are at an advanced stage, with the opening of the office scheduled for early 2018. Its will be to establish a flow of constant communication between Tbilisi and the Registry in the Hague. While it will initially start as small office, it has the potential to grow, its scaling up and down depending on the level of activities and the financial means that the court has available. This represents an important development as the Registry fulfils a number of crucial roles within the ICC. Along with providing daily services to the judges, it is responsible for the public information and outreach of the court in its totality. Moreover, the procuring and facilitation
What we are doing at the court is proving our credibility by working hard; by showing through the cases that we are independent and impartial
The International Court opens investigation into 'War Crimes' in Georgia Crisis of 2008. Photo source: http://s.newsweek.com
of any order of the judges, and anything that the defense councils needs for proceedings, is also the responsibility of their office. Furthermore, the Registry is in charge of the logistical and practical support of the court in its totality. Perhaps of more relevance to Georgia, and the ongoing investigations of the ICC into the alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the 2008 war, is the Registry’s responsibility for witnesses. Witnesses are entitled to support and protection before, during, and after any investigations and trials that take place in which the witnesses have provided testimony. This is a crucial role of the Registry as, without witnesses, no trails can take place. Indeed, the Registry is by definition neutral: providing services for all parties in the proceedings, ensuring that the proceedings can take place in a fair and efficient matter, and supporting the prosecutor and defendants. Phakiso Mochochoko, Director of the Jurisdiction, Complementarity and Cooperation Division of the Office of the Prosecutor, was also present at the October 3 session. The Prosecutor’s Office is sometimes described as the engine and driving force of the Court. It is the part that gets the wagon rolling, so to speak, with its main function being to investigate the aforementioned gravest of crimes. The Office is independent, impartial, and does not take instructions from anyone. It respects the rights of the accused, namely that they are innocent until proven guilty beyond any reasonable doubt, and the decisions made by the Office are done so on the basis of law and evidence. It is evidence, and only evidence, that drives the investigations of the Office; no political or other considerations are taken into account to influence its activities. A case stands or falls based on the collected evidence; only once there is sufficient evidence in both quality and quantity will proceedings start. The focus falls upon those individuals that bear the greatest of responsibility, and if the evidence conclusively identifies one as the culprit, then no matter their rank (President, minister, oligarch, etc.), the Office will move Heaven and Earth to ensure that due justice is served. There is no time limit for evidence collection: it continues until the individual’s guilt is either proven or cleared beyond any form of doubt. The Prosecutor’s Office is in the midst of conducting numerous investigations
in Georgia: their work has been ongoing since the end of January 2016, and will not be affected by the opening of the Office of the Registry at the start of next year. Concerning the roles of all three parties in the 2008 war, “the ICC investigations focus on alleged crimes committed in the context of an international armed conflict between 1 July and 10 October 2008 in and around South Ossetia, including crimes against humanity: murder, forcible transfer of population and persecution; and war crimes: attacks against the civilian population, willful killing, intentionally directing attacks against peacekeepers, destruction of property and pillaging.” Moreover, if there is a connection to crimes committed after this temporal field, then they can be investigated, too. Indeed, despite a refusal to cooperate from both Russia and South Ossetia, investigations in Georgia, with the full cooperation of the government, are in full swing. Representatives of the Prosecutor’s Office are commuting between Georgia and The Hague roughly every month, as the highly confidential proceedings and evidence procuration take place. Everything has to be done in the utmost secrecy to ensure that witnesses are protected and the investigation is not sabotaged by any of the belligerent parties. As mentioned before, there is
no time limit for evidence collection, the Court will continue its work as long as is necessary to build a solid case: at the end of the day, the Georgian case, along with all concurrent investigations, is about justice, irrespective of who and where the victims are. Any work of the Prosecutor’s Office requires the cooperation of all parties involved to ensure the fairest outcome, even though the investigations themselves are conducted exclusively by the Office itself. As Mochochoko highlighted, it would be in the interests of both the Russians and the South Ossetians to cooperate with the Court, for the latter can only work with the evidence at their disposal, and without the former’s input, valuable evidence that may be able to prove innocence has the potential to be lost. Yet herein lies the caveat and Achilles heel of the International Criminal Court: without a police force or army of its own, it can only issue but not enforce any arrest warrant that it hands out for any individuals that are from non-State Party nations. Moreover, only those countries that have ratified the Rome Statute have an obligation to arrest and extradite any individual(s) which are summoned to trial and/or by the Court. It is said that the pen is mightier than the sword, but in the case of the International Criminal Court, the opposite
seems to be true: it is the very limitations of its Rome Statute that prevent it from applying justice on a universal scale. Or perhaps, the old maxim has indeed proven true once more, for it is no accident that the Statute was written in this way, and that great powers like Russia, the United States, and China (all with permanent seats and veto capabilities on the UNSC), amongst other nations like Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Israel, have refused to ratify it, allowing them to act with impunity, outside its jurisdiction. While the work of the the ICC may very well be impartial and free from political manipulations, given the realities that be, one could be forgiven for giving credence to the accusations of the Court being but a puppet of the great powers, created with specific handicaps to further the latter’s freedoms in the international arena. On the subject of these shortcomings and limitations of the ICC, Mochochoko told GEORGIA TODAY: “Ideally, we are seeking universality, which means that everybody in the world should be part of the ICC and the Rome Statute. Unfortunately, that is not the case. Joining the ICC Statute is a voluntary and sovereign act of any state; no one can be forced into doing so. What we are doing at the court is proving our credibility by working hard, by showing through the cases that we are independent and impartial, and not in any way politically motivated. Hopefully, this will persuade other countries to join the ICC and see value in it. For now, we have to work with what we have. There are many cases being brought to the ICC, the UNSC one of them. We have no influence over the Security Council, over who it refers or does not refer: that is purely their prerogative. Are they political in doing that? Yes they are, but as soon as the matter comes to the ICC, it becomes a judicial process. Irrespective of how a matter comes to the ICC, it is treated in the same way, going through the same legal process, tests, and criteria. The Statute as it is now is what it is. It is not for the Court but for the State Parties to change that: the Rome Statute is an instrument and document of the State Parties themselves. If the State Parties want to change the way of the referral to UNSC, it is only for them to do. Is it an ideal situation? Maybe not, with the benefit of hindsight. Initially, when that power was given to the UNSC, it was really to try and cater to situations where crimes could be investigated in countries that were not State Parties. Is it still a good thing to give the UNSC that power ? Is it a good thing not to give the UNSC any role in Court proceedings ? These are matters that the States themselves have to look into and decide on”.
GEORGIA TODAY OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
BGCC Celebrates 10th Anniversary in Tbilisi BY KATIE RUTH DAVIES
his year marks the 25th anniversary since the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Georgia. This year is doubly remarkable for the BritishGeorgian Chamber of Commerce (BGCC) as it also marks the 10th anniversary since the establishment of the Chamber in London. Inconnectionwiththesesignificantevents, the BGCC held a reception sponsored by the BGCC’s new member, Regus Georgia. “In 2007, we had our opening,” BGCC founder Mako Abashidze told the guests. “Since then, there have been more than 80 events in Tbilisi and London and 12 press tours, the first of which was in September 2008 when a group of British journalists were brought to Georgia to cover the post-war events. The BGCC has also organized a number of cultural events, taking to London Georgian dance ensembles, musicians and artists. We work very closely with both embassies and I offer my thanks to them for their support”. Abashidze also thanked the Georgian Tourism Administration and National Wine Agency for their joint initiatives promoting Georgian wine in the UK, one of the results of which was to have Georgian wine as a permanent offering at The Ritz Hotel in London. “I also want to thank Georgian Airlines for opening direct flights between Tbilisi and London this year,” she said. “It makes a huge difference to business and tourism connections. And I thank our
hosts, Regus. The Regus in Georgia is not just another office building but is a statement and a clear sign that Georgia is becoming part of a big network of global businesses”. Honorable guests from Great Britain and Georgia, including British Ambassador to Georgia, H.E. Justin McKenzie Smith, and representatives of BP, PwC, The Biltmore, Georgian Airways and Wedgwood enjoyed drinks and a buffet at the event in the presence of Lord Cromwell, Member of the British Parliament, Honorary Chairman of the BGCC Board of Directors, who himself was present at the BGCC’s first opening.
“Cast your mind back over 10 years,” Lord Cromwell told the audience. “There have been a number of interesting events, both on the world economy and, more locally, some challenges to overcome, and it’s a credit to the Chamber that they have continued through this whole period; in particular, a credit to all the members. 10 years ago, before my first trip to Georgia, I told people where I was going and they thought my destination was a state in the US. When I told them it was a country in the Caucasus, they thought it was a part of Russia and I, of course, corrected them. Before I came this time, 10 years later, when I told two of our
office ladies where I was going, the immediate reaction from one was, ‘Oh, I know Georgia- my brother was there doing business just last week.’ That is how far Georgia has come in 10 years. Georgia has really established itself as a hub for business, looking to Europe, to the Middle East- the whole region. Stability is one of many assets it has and is a great reason alone for companies and investors to come and do business here,” Lord Cromwell concluded. British Ambassador Smith closed the welcoming speeches with a poignant message on British-Georgian relations. “Over the last 24 hours alone, we’ve had
a visit by the British Prime Minister’s Trade Envoy for Georgia, we had a reception at the Embassy for a specialized British company that is connected with the healthcare sector, and we’ve been preparing for the UK-Georgia Business Forum at Mansion House in London in two weeks’ time,” he said. “I truly feel that the development of business relationships is starting to take on a life of its own. That doesn’t happen by itself: it takes time, patience, and it is thanks to the BGCC and Mako Abashidze that we have got to this point through some difficult years. I can say I’m optimistic and confident about our shared future”.
OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
EU’s PSC Ambassadors Visit Georgia
BY NINO GUGUNISHVILI
he European Union’s Political and Security Committee (PSC) Ambassadors from 28 EU member state countries came on a two-day visit to Georgia last week. At a meeting with Walter Stevens, Chairman of the PSC, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia, Vice Premier Mikheil Janelidze, underlined the importance of the visit to Georgia, stating that the country is a close partner of the EU, and that the visit of the PSC Ambassadors is “another clear example of the EU’s support to Georgia”. “We’re paying a great deal of importance to this visit, as we know that Georgia is our closest partner in the region,” Stevens stated, according to the ministry. He is said to have further noted the positive
dynamics of the Georgia-EU relationship, underlining the success Georgia has achieved in the process of implementing reforms. “I would like to highlight the considerable efforts Georgia has made in carrying out reforms in all directions, as well as in the process of Association Agreement implementation,” the PSC Chairman said, adding that he’s delighted with the visa liberalization, for which a number of reforms have had to be implemented. During their visit, the ambassadors learned more about said reforms as well as the current security issues. They also visited the occupation line and the EUMM mission in Georgia. “It is crucial to stand by Georgia and defend its territorial unity and sovereignty,” Steven is said to have stated of their visit to the occupation line. The ambassadors also met the President of Georgia, Prime Minister of Georgia, Deputy Chair of the Georgian Parliament, the Minister of Defense and various civil society members.
Nord Stream-2 NonCompliant with Energy Union? BY DIMITRI DOLABERIDZE
he official representative of the European Commission Anna-Kaisa Itkonen has said the construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline contradicts the principles of the Energy Union created by the European Union. "If Nord Stream-2 is implemented, it must be in full compliance with international and European norms. We have repeatedly voiced our position on the project and we believe that it does not comply with the principles of the Energy Union," she said. Yet, she added, the situation can “still be corrected if we sit down at the negotiating table”. What she did not say was at what stage of development the discussion in the EU Council is of the requested mandate by the European Commission to negotiate with Russia on the implementation of the project. She merely noted that the issue is “within the competence of the EU Council” to solve. The legal service of the EU Council recently con-
State May Not Finance GEM Fest 2018 BY THEA MORRISON
he Georgian Electronic Music Festival (GEM Fest) might not be funded from the state budget next year. The information was released by the Minister of Economy of Georgia Giorgi Gakharia, who believes that it would be a "bad idea" to finance the festival in future. “Tourism support will continue in 2018, but my position is that the electronic music festival GEM Fest should not be state-funded again," Gakharia said. He added that the project Check in Georgia will most likely continue, but there will be serious discussion as to its effectiveness. "The participation of the private sector has significantly increased in this project. Our task is simple: to reduce state funding and increase the participation of the private sector in this and other similar programs," he said. Giorgi Sigua, the founder and the organizer of GEM Fest, claims the event is sure to take place in 2018, but with less funding. “It is up to the State to finance our project or not. GEM Fest was created with private investment in 2015 and no state co-financing was had at that time. We, like many other projects, received
cluded that the EC's claims about the construction of Nord Stream-2 gas are legally null and void, since the project does not contradict EU legislation. Moreover, it was concluded that, on the contrary, the new gas pipeline could reduce the risks that may arise in the event of another "gas war" between Russia and Ukraine. However, some EU countries say that the findings of the legal services of the EU Council are the result of payment from Russia’s Gazprom. There are also rumors that countries dissatisfied with the Nord Stream 2 project are to initiate a change in the EU legislation; more precisely, they want to amend the Third Energy Package so that it becomes possible not to discuss the terms of gas supplies with Gazprom at all. Currently, the project is fully consistent with this notorious "package". For changes to the EU law to be made, however, it is necessary for all countries to vote unanimously in favor. The construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline is actively supported by Germany, which can veto the initiative of European bureaucrats. Germany, which has not offered any sympathy for Russia, firmly believes that the project is economic, not political.
state funding only after the Check in Georgia Project was launched in 2016,” he stated. Sigua added that if state funding is removed from the picture, a smaller event will be organized than this year, which will last for 4-5 days instead of one month. “GEM Fest will be planned and held regardless, whether we receive state funding or not,” he emphasized. The month-long electronic music festival was held for the third time in Georgia from July 14 to August 14 in Georgia’s Black Sea town of Anaklia. Despite the large number of world-famous artists and DJs, this year the festival experienced numerous problems, including the death of a 22-year old girl and poisoning of more than 20 others, allegedly due to psychoactive drug ‘Bio’ or Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB), which has been seen increasingly throughout Georgia of late. Another problem was alleged financial violations during the festival, for which the Investigative Department of the Ministry of Finance of Georgia launched an investigation in August. Due to these financial issues, around 300 employees of the festival complained they had not received their salaries. Sigua denied the allegations of embezzlement of festival funds, adding all employees would get paid. He said he brought over 500 artists to perform at the festival, assuring media that the allocated state funds had been used to pay them as agreed with the State.
GEORGIA TODAY OCTOBER 10 - 12, 2017
The EU is Beating Back Russia
Photo source: http://mediaen.publika.md
OP-ED BY EMIL AVDALIANI
hinking about Georgia and its position in the regional order we often hear how vulnerable the country is and how weak at times the European Union (EU) seems to be in its confrontation with Russia. However, I wanted to look at the EU and find some positive trends and as I will argue below, the EU has in fact gained the upper hand in its battle with Moscow over the former Soviet space. The Russia-West confrontation has, over the last several years, reached its highest point since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Contrary to the much-purported opinion that Russia has been successful in projecting its influence across the former Soviet Union, I have argued on a number of occasions that in fact Russian influence has significantly receded on the Eurasian continent. US pressure is important here, as are internal economic problems in Russia. But if we look more closely, we can see that it has been the European Union which undermined Russian cultural, political and economic influence in east Europe and the former Soviet Union, not vice-versa. Russia was weak in the wake of the Soviet collapse, true. But Russia has become strong since Putin came to power in the early 2000s and, contrary to logic, Moscow has lost influence in Moldova (at least partly), Ukraine and Georgia and is losing economic preponderance in Central Asia. The answer might lie in Europe which, for the first time in its history, is experiencing what might effectively be called a unified Europe, as it has never been so united and unanimous in its internal as well as foreign policy actions. Indeed, history proves that it is not about a strong or weak Russia. The latter it has been several timeseven weaker than the current Russian Federation. Take the example of the early XVII century when Moscow was occupied by the Poles and saw utter political chaos inside the country culminating in a change in the ruling dynasty. A century later, Russia was confronted by powerful Swedish monarch Charles XII, and in the early XIX century, by French Emperor Napoleon I. There are other examples such as the Crimean War and the coalition of European states against the Russian Empire under Nicholas I, or even Adolf Hitler’s ambitious military campaign “Barbarossa” in 1941. But each time Russia managed to come out victorious and expand its territories, whether into eastern Europe or the Caucasus. The reason for this was Russia’s military assertiveness, but it also could be explained by the lack of unity among
European states in that period. Both Napoleon and Hitler lost their empires in Russia, but if we look closer, it can also be seen that they were focused on dominating Europe, causing grievances and political opposition among its states and leaders, only cutting loose when they began experiencing military troubles in Russia. The same could be said of Charles XII and others, with Europeans of the time forced by politicians to live in either French, German or Swedish-dominated Europe. After each victory, Russia expanded itself and if we look at by how much territory and when the Russians managed to incorporate strategically important lands, one constant is there: European disunity and constant wars among European states which allowed the Romanovs or, later, the Soviets to move forward into eastern Europe. The 30 Years’ War, 7 Years’ war, French Revolutionary wars, Napoleon’s campaigns, etc. – all distracted Europeans from what was going on at the fringes of the continent where Russia was meticulously working on incorporating modern Ukrainian, Belarussian, Baltic and South Caucasian states or principalities. This largely shaped Russia’s grand strategy towards Europe: to divide European states and support the weakest. However, this was not done to uphold the European balance of power, as the British Empire had been doing throughout centuries, but to protract European conflict as long as possible. Stalin, for example, was very eager in 1940 to have Germany fight France for years and entered the war only when the two powers were much exhausted.
Georgia Hosts GUAM 20th Anniversary BY THEA MORRISON
he Georgian capital of Tbilisi is hosting foreign Ministers of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development (GUAM) member states Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova regarding the 20th anniversary of the regional organization. The importance of GUAM and the results of the ministerial meeting were reported by the Georgian Foreign Minister Mikheil Janelidze at a joint press conference. He stated that during the past 20 years, GUAM has managed to transform itself into a “powerful political actor in the international arena”. “GUAM was established by friendly states that have joint interests and a vision for more stability and development. Since its establishment 20 years ago, GUAM has managed to develop political, sectoral and inter-parliamentary co-operation,” said Janelidze. He thanked his Azerbaijani, Moldovan and Ukrainian counterparts and the GUAM Secretary General for coming to Tbilisi to mark the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the organization. Janelidze expressed hope that, through joint efforts, the existing co-operation will enhance not only the GUAM member states but also the GUAM partner states as well. The Minister also highlighted the importance of the Joint Communique signed by the GUAM for-
eign ministers. “This Document is proof of the unanimous will of the four countries to achieve greater results, through joint efforts, to the common benefit of their people,” he added. The ministers of GUAM were also hosted by the Prime Minister of Georgia, Giorgi Kvirikashvili. The sides once again underlined the willingness of member states to take active steps to strengthen peace, stability, cooperation and economic development in the region. Afterwards, the ministers met Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili. This year, Georgia is holding the GUAM Chairmanship. The Georgian Foreign Ministry reports that the priority of Georgia's chairmanship is to provide dynamic and productive cooperation between Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova.
A DIFFERENT EUROPE One can only wonder at how much Europe has changed in the course of a century. There is now no open antagonism among European states and most are united within the European Union. The EU, despite some difficulties, still retains a common defensive, economic and foreign policy agenda. Take an example of how the EU pressures Russia and how Moscow, in comparison with previous centuries, has consistently failed to drive a wedge among the European states. I mentioned Napoleon and Hitler and their Paris or Berlin-centered European orders where almost everyone was forced to submit to their influence. Nowadays, the EU is a different order where eastern European countries aspire to join the grouping: it is this unity which has much undermined the Russian strategy. In other words, if we look at the map of the last 25 years one can easily notice how far a united Europe has gone in limiting Russia’s influence. And this creates a fundamental problem for Moscow as the Kremlin currently does not see any viable option to improve its geopolitical position.
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October 10 - 12, 2017