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Vale do Anhangabaテコ Sテグ PAULO - CONCEPT DESIGN 2013

GEHL ARCHITECTS


VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

The city & the site CLIENT

SÃO PAULO PROPER - THE DOWNTOWN AREA

São Paulo Urbanismo www.spurbanismo.sp.gov.br spu@spurbanismo.sp.gov.br

CONSULTANT Gehl Architects Aps www.gehlarchitects.dk mail@gehlarchitects.dk

PROJECT TEAM SÃO PAULO URBANISMO Fernando de Mello Franco, Secretário Municipal de Desenvolvimento Urbano Gustavo Partezani Rodrigues, Diretor de Desenvolvimento, SP Urbanismo Luis Eduardo Surian Brettas, Superintendente do Desenho da Paisagem Patricia Lutz Vidigal, arquiteta Eduardo Pompeo Martins, arquiteto

SÃO PAULO DOWNTOWN AREA - VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

PROJECT TEAM, GEHL ARCHITECTS Helle Søholt, Founding Partner David Sim, Partner Axel Bohlemark, Landscape Architect Solvejg Reigstad, Architect Sofie Kvist, Architect Eveline Petcu, Architect Jordan Lewis, Architectural assistant

SÃO PAULO STUDENTS - SURVEY PERSONAL: Julia Park Mariana Sato Nashalyn FaustinoCasagrande Stefanie Schneider Brono Buccalon Caio Leonardo Rodrigues Pereira Beatriz Vicino dos Santos Daniele Guedes dos Santos Thiago Benucci Barbara Fernandes

VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

Pedro Rasello Livia M. F Baldini Maria Claudia Levy Figliolino João Paulo Carrascozi Andrea Saturnino Mariana Ventorini Ariel Santa Rosa Moreira Vinicius Nakama Natalia Della Coletta Garcia Felipe Souza André Andreis Felipe Madio de Oliveira

M 1:2.500 10 m

2

50 m

100 m


GEHL ARCHITECTS

A new Vale do Anhangabaú São Paulo is experiencing great and exciting change. The city is the economic engine of Brazil and is in a process of investing in revitalizing São Paulo’s Central area. This will enable a blossoming the city’s most prevalent, but under-utilized public assets – its streets and spaces. This project for Vale do Anhangabaú is a concept design describing how the main square of the city can become the main meeting place for all citizens. Downtown São Paulo as a destination The people of São Paulo have every right to be proud of their city. The historic center of São Paulo, the Downtown area, has great potential as a sustainable and people-centered urban environment. This potential however may not be fully realized unless the Downtown area is actively used by a large crosssection of the population and for a full range of citylife functions - residence, work, recreation, culture, participation, sociability. In an age of mobility, business and commerce have become more free to locate themselves anywhere they find attractive - and where the customers are. A well connected network of great public spaces

will not only improve the public realm in Downtown São Paulo but will also attract more people and thereby support a rebuilding of the speciality retail and entertainment destinations - making the Downtown area more livable. This will support the overall development of the city both economically, environmentally, culturally and socially.

Vale do Anhangabaú as a destination The new design for Vale do Anhangabaú will adapt the organisation and programming of the square to todays needs and usage; to support a varied program which is inclusive for all citizens. A new lively, safe and attractive destination in the city center.

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VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

An open dialogue process GATHERING KNOWLEDGE AND INPUT

An important element in the process of developing a new concept design for Vale do Anhangabaú has been to have an open dialogue between architects, planners, technicians from different sectors and representatives from the civil society in order to include all availabe knowledge and to create ownership of the final project. The input from this process has been summed up as consensus points that have guided the development of the concept design. An inclusive process

Open dialogue #3

PUBLIC SPACE EVALUATION

During the project period which have spanned the period from April to November 2013 the project team has facilitated three open dialogue processes for architects, planners, technicians from different sectors of administration and maintenance and representatives from the civil society.

At the third open dialogue session in September a smaller project group was invited to give very specific input and guidance to the preliminary concepts for the project design in order for the project team to develop the project further.

During Open dialogue #1

do Anhangabaú focusing on the public space qualities. The evaluation showed that the

Open dialogue #4

Valley today suffers from lack

During the development of the final concept design there has been an internal dialogue discussing and commenting on sketch proposals for the concept design in order to direct and support the final project guidelines.

of protection, comfort and enjoyment - especially when it comes to: safety, opportunities to stay, sensory impressions and human scale.

PROTEÇÃO

At the first open dialogue in April focused generally on how to plan cities for people and which urban qualities need to be present in the public space in order to be inviting for city life. For Vale do Anhangabaú this first workshop pointed to the need to develop: SOFTWARE: improve accessibility, introduce playful events and temporary interventions and HARDWARE: spaces to rest/ sit/ stay/ be, (re-) introduce water, make human scale lighting and bicycle lanes.

made an evaluation of Vale

CONF ORTO

Open dialogue #1

the workshop participants

At the second open dialogue in August many of the same people participated in the workshop on what a new concept for Vale do Anhangabú should include in order to create an inclusive and safe square for all citizens. The main consensus points from the workshop were to include: free wi-fi, street trees, kiosks, mobile furniture, high quality lighting in human scale and water features.

The photos on this spread are taken from the workshop material developed during the Open dialogue #3. The participants were asked to be visionary and give input for the future Vale do Anhangabaú.

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PRAZER

Open dialogue #2

Trânsito motorizado

Crime e violência

Experiências sensoriais negativas

Convidativo para caminhar

Convidativo para parar/ficar

Convidativo para sentar

Contato visual e auditivo

Uso dia e noite / variação durante o ano

Atividades lúdicas, recreativas e interação

Construído na escala humana

Aspectos positivos do clima

Estético e sensorial


GEHL ARCHITECTS

Consensus map LEGEND Water element Pedestrian connection Secondary edge PLAY AND ACTIVITIES

Open facade Active edge zone

COVER?

Improve wayfinding and access

Programmed space

to and from São Bento square

New building with active ground floor

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL AREA

The fenced in building plot need a new building with an active

The main pedestrian flow on

and open ground floor facade.

São João have to be direct and is not to be interrupted by

Water element on the square

‘holes’ or elements.

- symbol of the former river Remove the busses from the area between the theatre and the park

TEATRO MUNICIPAL

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL AREA

to allow for the Theatre to connect and interact with the Valley

Develop a secondary edge with pavillons to add more functions

REMOVE BUSSES

and life to the square

CONNECT WITH VALLEY

Improve access to, from and across the square

Connect the Praça Ramos better to Vale do Anhangabaú MAIN EVENT AREA

Connect to the

Create an attractive street

pedestrian network

zone with active facades

STAGE AREA

Activate the hall connecting to the City Hall and to Praça do Patriarca

Open the City Hall towards

COVER?

the square *Public WIFI must be accessible all over the square

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VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

Main qualities VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ TODAY

Vale do Anhangabaú is centrally located in the city center and has a large number of potential users nearby. These factors hold great potential for the square to become living and vibrant part of the city.

MULTIPLE PUBLIC TRANSPORT FACILITIES NEARBY

A BUILT OUT PEDESTRIAN NETWORK

CENTRAL LOCATION - ONLY CONNECTION EAST-WEST

Various public transport nodes are situated near Vale do Anhangabaú, making it is easy get come to and from the square. At the end of each travel people become pedestrians and the pedestrian environment has to be inviting all the way from the pedestrian zones to the stations and busstops.

São Paulo downtown has a built out pedestrian network close to the square. The pedestrian streets are very busy. By ensuring better connections between Vale do Anhangabaú and the pedestrian network in both city centers, more people are invited to use the square during their daily routines as well as for leisure.

Brazil and São Paulo has a great design tradition within architecture and landscape architecture. In the the 80’s the brazilian landscape architects Jorge Wilheim, Jamil J. Kfouri and Rosa Grena Kliass made a new design for Vale do Anhangabaú which made the square unique and attractive for many years. Unfortunately it has become worn down.

MANY DESTINATIONS NEARBY - MANY POTENTIAL USERS

MANY PEOPLE PRESENT IN DOWNTOWN SÃO PAULO

GREAT HISTORY AND DESIGN TRADITION

Even though some businesses and high profile shops have moved out of the downtown ares, there are many destinations nearby Vale do Anhangabaú that attract people daily: culture, education, work, public service and shopping. Many of these functions can be invited to use and interact with the square, and people going to and from can be invited to spend time in the area.

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80.600

54.500

Many residents

Many students

A lot of people are living and studying in the downtown area. This is a great potential for city life. The students use the city actively during the day for meetings, social activities, shopping and café visits. Residents often hold a great ownership to their neighbourhood and use the local facilities. The presence of residents in downtown offers a safer environment at night.

The highway that runs through and under Vale do Anhangabaú between the two city centers is a large barrier for pedestrians going east-west. Vale do Anhangabaú is situated in a central location for the pedestrians crossing the valley - this is a great potential for city life - if these pedestrians are invited to stay at the square.


GEHL ARCHITECTS

Main challenges VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ TODAY

Physical factord like problematic wayfinding, lack of seating and barriers created by stairs, are some of the main factors as to why Vale do Anhangabaú, despite its central location, failes to attractive more city life.

DIFFICULT WAYFINDING TO AND FROM PUBLIC TRANSPORT

POOR SENSORY ENVIRONMENT

FEW FUNCTIONS AND PASSIVE FACADES

Vale do Anhangabaú holds a very central location in the city centre, but is difficult to find due to lack of pedestrian connections directly from the nearby public transport.

The highway running throught the Vale do Anhangabaú and under the square affects the sensory environment in a negative way - pollution, dust and noise creates an unattractive environment for city life - especially in the ends of the square.

The buildings framing the square has very few functions interacting with or supporting city life. Especially at night the facades are closed and unattractive - enhancing the feeling of an unsafe environment.

LACK OF COMFORTABLE SEATING

CHANGES IN LEVELS BECOME BARRIERS

LACK OF SAFETY

Today Vale do Anhangabaú lack benches or seating opportunities of good quality. People primarily sit on secondary seats like bollards, edges or stairs. A better seating environment will invite more users to stay longer at the square.

Because Vale do Anhangabaú is situated in a valley, the entrance points are sloping and in most places facilitated by stairs. In the middle of the main pedestrian flow at Avenida São João, a former café and landscape element has become a hole with no function and thereby barrier to the desired pedestrian lines through Vale do Anhangabaú.

A lack of variation in users and few functions to use and visit leaves the square with relatively few daily users. The presence of many people make people feel safe - help is nearby. Few people or domination of a single usergroup often create a feeling of unsafety. This is a negative spiral - few people makes fewer people come - where people are more people will come...

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VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

The Heart of São Paulo A NEW VISION FOR THE CITY CENTER

Anhangabaú Square is situated in the very center of São Paulo. The square has a great history of being a river valley connecting the two historical city centers and has a great potential of becoming the main meeting place in the city: It has a big scale that can facilitate mayor city celebrations and events and it has a central location that brings many daily users to or across or nearby the square.

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GEHL ARCHITECTS

Success criteria To become the heart of the city the new Vale do Anhangabaú needs to become a place that welcomes everybody by:

• being inclusive and safe - not

dominated by certain user groups.

• being well connected to the

pedestrianized public space network and to public transport

• offering a safe pedestrian environment and universal design • offering a varied program of functions, activities and destinations

• having a unique identity and design

based on brazilian design tradition and the existing unique project design

• anchoring itself in the history rediscovering the history of the river

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VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

Programming for city life SKATE

PROGRAM PLAN

CAFÉ

NEW PEDESTRIAN LINK

In this program plan the approach is first to define what kind of city life is wanted and then program the space according to this. The city life strategies are the succes criteria for the programming of Vale do Anhangabaú and are integrated in the plan.

OUTDOOR SERVING

EXHIBITION SPACE

CAFÉ

OUTDOOR SERVING

CAFÉ

PARK AMPHI LAWN

ANHANGABAÚ

TERMINAL BANDEIRA

EXHIBITION SPACE

BIKE SHARE

SEATING EDGE

WASTE MANAGEMENT

BACKSTAGE

SEATING “AMPHI”

PLAY & REST SEATING EDGE

ONE NET BASKETBALL

STREET SPORTS

SKATE

STREET SPORTS

SKATE

TAXI PLAY SKATEBOARD STOP

PING PONG

TICKET SALES

PLAY ROLLING HILLS

STREET SPORTS SEATING EDGE

SEATING

PLAY WATER FEATURE MAIN STAGE/ DANCE FLOOR

STAGE FLOOR AREA 1

PLAY WATER FEATURE

WAT

STAGE FLOOR AREA 2 METRO STATION

TERMINAL BANDEIRA

BUS STOP

SEATING “AMPHI”

TICKET SALES

EXHIBITION SPACE CITY HALL

SEATING SEATING SEATING

ANHANGABAÚ

OUTDOOR SERVING

COMMERCE

BUS STOP - TUNNEL

SQUARE MANAGEMENT KIOSK

SEATING EDGE OUTDOOR SERVING

TAXI STOP

FOOD COURT LIBRARY

CAFÉ CAFÉ

BICYCLE PARKING

BICYCLE PARKING - ROOFED

PUBLIC RESTROOMS

LEGEND

RESTAURANT/CAFÉ

METRO STATION

CAFÉ/LUNCHEONETTE

BUS STOP

MARKET STALLS

BUS STOP - TUNNEL

PRAÇA DO PATRIARCA PAVILIONS, KIOSK, FRUIT STAND ETC.

TAXI STOP

CULTURE ZONE

BICYCLE PARKING

EXHIBITION ZONE

BICYCLE PARKING - ROOFED

PLAY ZONE

PUBLIC RESTROOMS

STREET SPORTS ZONE

RESTAURANT/CAFÉ

PARK SPORTS ZONE

CAFÉ/LUNCHEONETTE

18 MARKET STALLS

OUTDOOR WORK SPACE

MAIN FLOWS AND NODES

LUNCHEONETTES

SEATING

CAFÉ


GEHL ARCHITECTS

LARGO DO PAISSANDÚ

SANTA EFÍGÊNIA TERMINAL CORREIO

BIKE SHARE

REST ROOMS

ACTIVITY ZONE PETANGUE LIBRARY SEATING EDGE BALANCING PLAY

EXHIBITION SPACE FOOD MARKET

PLAY WATER FEATURE

SEATING

FOOD MARKET

PLAY WATER FEATURE

SEATING EDGE

FOOD MARKET

COMMERCE KIOSK

OUTDOOR WORK SPACE OUTDOOR SERVING

LUDOTECA

PLAY WATER FEATURE

FOOD MARKET

SEATING

CULTURE ZONE

SEATING EDGE

SEATING

WATER JETS

DANCE FLOOR EXTENSION

RESTROOMS

BALANCING PLAY

ACTIVITY ZONE

SEATING EDGE

SEATING EDGE

SEATING EDGE

PICNIC

STAGE/ EXHIBITION & DANCE FLOOR CULTURE ZONE

PLAY TER FEATURE

COMMON GREEN

INFO

CAFÉ

FRUIT SHOP

FLOWER SHOP

FRUIT SHOP

SEATING EDGE OUTDOOR SERVING

OUTDOOR SERVING

SÃO BENTO

ACTIVE FACADES AND SECONDARY EDGES

PEDESTRIAN STREETS

ACTIVITY ZONES

FLEXIBILITY OF USE

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VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

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GEHL ARCHITECTS

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NDER BRIDGE

VALE DO ANHANGABAÚ

Seating INVITATIONS TO REST IN MANY WAYS

Invitations to sit down are essential for a successful public space. A high quality public space can be measured by how much time people spend - good spaces we want to be in for a long time. Seating opportunities are provided in great numbers to cater for a large number of people to spend time resting in this wonderful environment. Seating opportunities are found in serviced spaces like restaurants and outdoor serving areas as well as in areas that are public. There is a clear commitment to strengthen the public character of the destination and to ensure that it becomes lively throughout the day. Seating is placed to provide a range of different experiences and interesting views and each seating type is chosen to add functionality and character to the area where it is placed.

TALKSCAPES AND INDIVIDUAL CHOICES

MOVEABLE CHAIRS AND COMMERCIAL SEATING

In general people like to sit where other people are present, but also like keep some social distance. A nice seating location is where the view and micro-climate is pleasant, it feels safe and seats are comfortable. A variety of seating options will respond to specific user preferences and help facilitatate different social situations. Groups and individuals will be able to choose seating options that suits their personal preferences.

Moveable chairs provide more flexibility than fixed seating, as they can be positioned according to individual needs and preferences; to face the sun, enjoy the shade or take advantage of the view. The moveable chairs are lightweight, outdoor models designed to nest within each other. Like trolleys used in supermarkets and airports the chairs are equipped with coinoperated locking mechanisms that encourage users to return the chairs after use and link them together to an fixed base.

In order to provide an attractive seating environment at Vale do Anhangabaú all these factors need to be met. The square will offer many different seating possibilites in form of both talkscapes and individual seating arrangements.

Commercial seating will be placed in relation to nearby cafés and partially under the shade of trees. To ensure high visual quality the commercial seating should look similar, but be distinguishable from the moveable chairs; The café owners have to be able to recognize their chairs in order to lock them in at night and the public needs to recognize the public coin chairs in order to be able to return them to collect the coins.

In total 3670 seats will be provided.

Facts & Figures Movable chairs 500 units Wall seating 50 m. Staircase seating 2 units Waterfall seating wall 80 m. Curved bench 540 m. 19 units Seating edge / Raised planter 705 m. Bench 58 units Dust bins 66 units Bicycle bollards 62 units

TING EDGE

SEATING STEPS UNDER BRIDGE 1:50

NG EDGE WATERFALL SEATING EDGE 1:20

CURVED BENCH

SEATING WALL

(Circular bench, Lucile Soufflet, www.lucile.be)

(Escofet Longo, www.escofet.com)

SEATING EDGE

ench

NG EDGE

PARK SEATING EDGE 1:20

Curved benches unfolds in circles and curves. The profiles gradually form themselves and back rests appear creating varied seating options. The curved bench is thought as a steel frame with curved wooden boards.

Conrete base and wood board seating. starts at ground level. Highest point is 500 mm. which will decide the length of each section. 1200 mm gaps between walls. Back rest sections of 1200 mm. at the highest parts.

circular bench 1:20

40

Selfcompacting concrete, which is polished to give a smooth and comfortable seat. The seating surface is wooden boards that follows the curves. Backrest sections of 2400 mm. randomly spaced. Steel frame and wooden boards.


GEHL ARCHITECTS

KEY

Commercial cafe seating

Seating edge with smooth and comfortable seat.Twists in the edge creates talkscapes but also makes it possible to create a personal sphere.

Coin chairs Benches

Curved benches Edge seating Curved benches provides talkscapes and individual seating choices

Seating steps

Classic wooden benches are equipped with back- and armrests to be comfortable for all users and add to the park feel of the area.

Waterfall seating important seating provided for people crossing São João street

Seating wall in concrete and wood boards Everyday stage with seating edge

The main crossing points have seating possibilities adjacent to them. This is for support and enhance the life and staying.

Seating edge with smooth and comfortable seat.Twists in the edge creates talkscapes but also makes it possible to create a personal sphere.

Moveable chairs

SEATING STEPS UNDER BRIDGE 1:50

Moveable steel chairs will be found mainly in the southern area. The chair should have back and armrest to be comfortable for many different users

Retaining wall seating

Robust wooden seating steps with stairs for viewing events and activities under the bridge

WATERFALL SEATING EDGE 1:20

Seating edge with smooth and comfortable seat.Twists in the edge creates talkscapes but also makes it possible to create a personal sphere.

*Dustbins and bicycle bollards placed according to L01.1-01/01 PARK SEATING EDGE 1:20

N 20 circular bench 1:20

SEATING STEPS

WATERFALL SEATING WALL

40

60

80m 1:2000

EVERY DAY SCENE WITH SEATING EDGE

ATING STEPS UNDER BRIDGE 1:50

Seating opportunity along the columns of the bridge allows people to become spectators for events, light art and activities happening under the bridge. Build up by steel frame and wood boards and can be dismantled when large events and stages need the space.

The ‘Bridge’ over Vale do Anhgangabau at São João. The main meeting point for pedestrians in Downtown São Paulo, along the ‘waterfall’. Granite blocks with same characteristics as pavement and wood boards. Seating height 500 mm.

Granite blocks with same characteristics as pavement. Seating height varies depending on the height difference. starting from and ending at ground level.

STAGE SEATING EDGE 1:50

WATERFALL SEATING EDGE 1:20

41 SEATING EDGE PRINCIPLE


São Paulo - Vale do Anhangabaú  

Gehl Architects report for Sãu Paulo Urbanismo