Are you ready for
2019? Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association, Inc. GDCTA is a Group Member Organization of USDF. Their members are automatically USDF Group Members
Caren Caverly President Gala, Horse Shows Awards â€“ Schooling Show & Recognized Show 770-713-4025 email@example.com
Erin McCloud VP-Dressage Instagram, Kudzu Klinics 404-538-6749 Mcclouderin1@gmail.com
2019 GDCTA Board
Joanne Morse Recording Secretary Eventing events 770-313-6283 Joannemorse1@yahoo.com
Peri Lambros Corresponding Secretary 678-372-4105 firstname.lastname@example.org
Amanda Garner Collegiate Programs 404-245-6688
Lori Goodwin Youth Programs 404-226-1770 Lori@goodwinfam.org
Board Members Amanda Moretz Grant 404-435-5823
Rebecca Bowman VP-Eventing 859-489-8141 Gallop766@aol.com
Peter West Treasurer 762-448-9049 email@example.com
Julie Shannon Education, Dressage events 770-569-9555 Julie@shannondale.com Susan Collins 404-558-5034 firstname.lastname@example.org
Liz Molloy Youth Programs 770-634-4089 email@example.com
Committees Grant Chair Barbara Taylor firstname.lastname@example.org 404-274-4411 FAX: 770-727-0146 Newsletter Editors Penny Morse 770-316-8655 June Brewer email@example.com 678-677-4404
Membership Chair Mary Lou Freil firstname.lastname@example.org 770-330-2489
Sponsorship/Public Relations Chair OPEN Volunteer Coordinator Heidi White email@example.com 706-248-6305
Schooling Show Coordinator & Recognition Chris Hutchings 404-630-9133
Volunteer Appreciation Program Kelley DeLaPerriere 770-653-7722 firstname.lastname@example.org
Social Media Facebook: June Brewer 678-677-4404
Website Manager June Brewer 678-677-4404 Submission Guidelines
Collected Remarks is the official publication of the Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association, Inc. (GDCTA), a nonprofit, exempt corporation organized under Section 501© (3). It is the monthly newsletter designed to inform, educate and entertain the membership. The Editors encourage members to submit original advertising, articles, photographs, and artwork for possible publication. Articles should be submitted via email and be PC compatible. Articles taking political positions or promotional in nature will not be considered for publication. ‘Collected Remarks’ reserves the right to reject any advertising or article deemed to be unsuitable for this newsletter.
All articles and classified ads should be sent to the Editors via email email@example.com (Penny Morse firstname.lastname@example.org or June Brewer email@example.com) and be submitted in PDF or Microsoft Word formats only. Editorial contributions of 600 words or less (accompanied by photos with permission to publish, if applicable) are welcomed although publication cannot be guaranteed. GDCTA is not responsible for the opinions and statements expressed in signed articles or paid advertisements. Make checks for advertising payable to GDCTA and mail to Peter West, 20 Wild Turkey Lane, Jasper, GA. 30143. All display ads should be submitted as a print ready PDF with images and fonts embedded or in a JPEG file.
GDCTA Collected Remarks welcomes submissions of quality color dressage and sport-horse photographs. All mounted riders must be wearing appropriate headgear (a safety helmet, a derby, or a top hat). We also accept submissions of action and conformation shots of breeding stock and dressage sport-horse breeding classes. Interesting and creative photos that capture special moments between horses and riders also will be considered. Photos must be accompanied by complete captions, including the full names of all subjects. For print, only high resolution (300dpi) Jpeg or PDF files will be accepted. Photographers whose work is published will receive proper credit, notification when the issue is published online. The editors are happy to review unsolicited submissions of photographs. Please submit photographs electronically to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com.
Here you'll find What You Need to Know! Find more at GDCTA.org.
BOARD MEETINGS The next board meeting will take place February 18 at 7:00 PM at Shannondale Farm 2395 Birmingham Rd Milton, GA
CLINICS Dressage March 9-10 Anne Gribbons April 20-21 Jeremy Steinberg GDCTA.org/calendar-of-events
YEARBOOK It's time to start planning how to congratulate your rider(s) or thank your trainer for a great 2018! Ad space deadline for the Yearbook edition of Collected Remarks is March 31st - it is quickly approaching! Questions? firstname.lastname@example.org
KUDZU KLINIC COMMITTEE
DO YOU KNOW WHAT IS HAPPENING IN YOUR ASSOCIATION? Please take the time to visit the GDCTA website at GDCTA.org to sign up to receive emails about the events that are happening here. The sign up section is located on the top of the home page.
MEMBERSHIP GDCTA membership year is December 1st through November 30th each year but you can renew/join now for 2019. For those using the online form, be sure to click Preview Submission when you complete the form to be taken to the next step.
GRANT WINNERS The Equestrian Journal will again donate journals to each of our grant winners. Opening Date: February 1, 2019 GDCTA.org/training-grants
If you would like to be a Kudzu Klinic clinician or would like to hold a KK in 2019 at your facility, please contact Erin.
2019-2022 USEF/USDF DRESSAGE
Erin McCloud email@example.com 404-538-6749
Now available and published online through USDF.org
WEBSITE DIRECTORIES Deadline for receipt of artwork and payment is March 31st. Members receive 2 free business listings. Each additional listing is $10. Place your ad in one of the most highly accessed parts of the Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association website! The nearly 800 members of GDCTA use this directory regularly. Let GDCTA members know what service or product you have to offer! GDCTA.org/members-businesses
JOIN THE GDCTA COMMUNITY Get socialized!
GDCTA Facebook page: www.facebook.com/gdcta/ GDCTA Youth Facebook page: www.facebook.com/gdctayouth/ GDCTA Facebook Group: www.facebook.com/groups/gdcta/ GDCTA Instagram: @gdcta @gdctayouth
Alternative Training Scale
In This Issue STORIES
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On the Cover
For information about advertising in the Collected Remarks newsletter, please email:
Gala fun January 26, 2019 PHOTO Mary McDowell
firstname.lastname@example.org Ad space is limited. Scheduled ads are due by the 5th of the month prior to publication. Information about advertising is also available online at: GDCTA.org The deadline for articles is also the 5th of the month prior to publication. Advertisements and Articles should be emailed to: email@example.com The advertisiements contained herein are paid advertisements. The information is provided by the service provider. The GDCTA makes no specific recommendations for any particular company, individual, or service.
(excluding Board Members and Chairpersons) Jean Miyakawa
Dressage for Kids Team Clinic by Maren Hanson
In the fall of 2018, I got to take part in the Dressage for Kids Team Clinic and competition at the Georgia International Horse Park. It was my first step into the world of Children's FEI Dressage. I got my pony Drake not long before the clinic from a friend in Aiken who had him out on pasture for a few years. We first thought he was just a chubby out of shape pony that was going to be my Mounted Games pony, but during a Games ride he made turns like a canter pirouette and we found out had a lot of dressage training! So, we put him slowly into work, and in my journey with him he has shown me a lot and have shown him a good bit too! Now we play Games, jump a little, and also do dressage. The clinic D4K (Dressage for kids) was a very good learning experience from auditing lessons to learning how to bandage and braid your horse for a clinic. I watched other lessons and thought Lendon taught a lot like my regular coach, my mom. Tough but fair and wants the best for everyone in D4K! If she gives you the â€œyoo hoo" you were not paying attention! I only got one! Whew! The Children's FEI test is a second level equivalent test and has some parts that the rules are slightly different than US tests. I also learned we didn't require the FEI passport unless we enter a CDI.
The D4K show and clinic starts with two days of lessons with Lendon Gray and the last day is the competition. The show begins with a written test, then a turnout inspection looking at cleanliness, proper attire, and safety followed by the riding test. One part is a dressage test and one part is dressage seat equitation which is where they judge your position, seat, and effect on your horse. I thought my pony might be pretty tired on day 3 for the show but he was super and we won the USPC award, pony award, 1st in written test, high score FEI award and the Overall Champion! Our team the Whinny Witches with Crockett Miller and Tessa Geven also finished first and won stall decorating. There were so many amazing prizes and I was so proud of my pony! Since then I have been working on the two tests, we ride in the Children's FEI division. The Children's Individual test is a bit harder for me because my pony is not quite strong enough to hold the counter canter on the 4-loop serpentine so we are doing lots of conditioning and hill walking to get him stronger. But the Children's Team test is going a lot better we even got a 70% at Stable View!
Now I am learning what is involved in qualifying for the Lamplight Finals which is my 2019 goal. I met Maribeth Hebert, the GDCTA Youth President, and her mom has also helped my mom and I figure out the process after her first successful trip to Lamplight last year. Her trip inspired me to try to do this myself. I turn 12 in 2019, so by FEI age rules I can now start competing in the qualifiers! Maribeth and I both hope to meet again and compete in a qualifier in Aiken in February.
The D4k program is also really good for making friends and getting to make connections with people that you should know. I learned what it takes from riders who have been doing this for a long time and how to raise funds, be gracious in success, thankful and always prompt! I loved being on a team and working together as well! I can't thank Lendon Gray and Liz Molloy enough for this amazing program and I can't wait for next year!
Why Do We Need Volunteers? Photographs by Kimberly Lennon-Freire Every show you enter, the chances are that majority of the people you are interacting with on the ground are volunteers. Over the years the regular volunteers get to know all the riders and there forms a kind of friendship. There is the lady who always has a towel to wipe the boots when they are a little muddy, or the other that always has a kind face and some encouraging words when the rider looks like she would like to run for the hills! These are the men and women that donate their time, in all weathers, to make sure the event runs smoothly. They either work Dressage, Show Jumping, Cross Country and every other discipline that chooses to bring riders together to find the winners that day. So first of all, why volunteers, why not hire trained people? After all, volunteers are really not accountable for making wrong decisions because they are not paid? Let’s take a look at shows in general. They are a business. They are run as a business, and if not they last for a few months and then they disappear into the sunset. Every business has costs. For example, let’s take regular horse trials. Beginner Novice up to Intermediate. First of all the facility has to be prepared. Judges and officials have to be found, ideally months beforehand, and accommodations booked if necessary. The local EMTs need to be organized, just in case they are needed. Ribbons have to be ordered along with bridle numbers, a calculated guess as the actual number will not be known until the week of the show. Plus, let’s not forget the golf carts and the ice!
The cross country course has to be the best it can be, and that is always hard when the weather has a huge influence on that situation. The arenas have to be in tip top shape. Gates must be operable, boards all on place on the fence, and the footing must be in good shape. Some form or shelter has to be placed for Judges and stewards. Stabling has to be ready, with stalls cleaned, labeled and in good shape. The cross country course has to be designed by the course builder, jumps placed and mended if necessary. Port-a-potties placed at convenient locations, and the sound system checked. Dressage arenas have to be set up, making sure all the side rails are in good shape. The stadium course has to also be designed, and then set up by the course builder. RV hook ups need to be checked that they are working and all the faucets are in working order. That is certainly not a one man job; it takes quite a few plus some serious farm equipment. Once that is all taken care of, there is the task of cleaning up any debris from either the elements or visitors, cleaning the bathrooms and the office. Meanwhile the show secretary has been receiving the entries and explaining why the entry is incorrect, and please send a copy of this and a copy of that as requested on the entry form. (Yes, this is a pet peeve of mine, but I will leave this for another day)
by Penny Morse Stabling has to be organized, and let’s not forget ride times. Once all that information is prepared, packets have to be made for officials and riders. Finally, the catering crew has to decide on the menu, calculate how much food will be eaten, order and prepare. At this point there has been a considerable amount of money spent. Officials are not cheap, and neither is accommodation.
Now there are all those other positions that have to be filled. Dressage Stewards, maybe 4 or 5 depending on the numbers entered, but certainly no less than 3, and the score runner. There is a scribe required for each Judge. Stadium Jumping requires 2 stewards, a gate keeper and let’s not forget, at least 4 people (stadium crew) to pick up poles.
Cross Country is just as demanding for help. There are stewards to check in; stewards to take care of warm up and call the riders when it is their turn, and the stewards that stop the clock when the rider crosses the finish line. There is another steward that calculates the times and works with the controller, and a score runner. Then there are the jump judges. Depending on the number of jumps and where they are located, the numbers can vary. Experienced judges can cover multiple jumps whereas others are only comfortable with one. Let’s not forget hospitality! All those stewards need snacks, drinks and lunch to get them through the day.
There is often ‘talk’ among riders that the volunteer made a bad call and cost them time, or a higher placing. Yes this can happen, and some facilities go over and above to train the volunteers, by bringing in officials to explain the ins and outs of the sport, and what is allowed, what is not and what any new rule means! Interestingly, most riders are very uneducated when it comes to the rules.
You quickly find out that a ‘thank you’ is so appreciated; that most of the volunteers are better educated on the rules than the competitors; that some riders are extremely rude; parents and trainers can be most inconsiderate asking how long does their rider have left, when you are trying to check a bit; and it is hard work
keeping up with every rider that is in your arena, as they all seem to show signs of serious deafness when it comes to hearing their number, and just because a particular bit or bridle was allowed at another show, it doesn’t mean it is legal. It means you got away with it because that steward did not know better. My advice to all riders is this; read the rules; remember your manners; and always smile even if it is the worst day possible.
When we, the volunteer coordinators, talk about ‘it takes an army’ we are not kidding. If everyone that donated their time was paid, your entries would be so much more.
So the next time you enter a show, and you are so devastated about the cost, remember, it could be so much more. The next time you see a volunteer; thank them as they are helping to keep money in your pocket. Finally, take a few hours and offer your time.
Finally when in doubt, don’t argue, ask the official. After all that is why they are there!
HORSE FOR LEASE Ride share opportunity for nice 11 year old TB gelding in Milton, GA. Looking for dedicated Jr/YR or adult amateur dressage rider. Call/test Susan for more information 404-751-6657
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Bringing you the latest news from Europe to North America California to Atlanta Meet the riders of today and tomorrow Equestrian Fashion and Beauty Celebrity Horse Lovers * Judging in Europe Medical Insights * Childrenâ€™s Corner Cooking * Local News Dressage, Eventing, Polo, Show Jumping and so much more! For advertising and article submissions: firstname.lastname@example.org 770 316 8655
Wildhorse Tack and Feed (770) 943-5493
YOUTH CORNER Congratulations
to Rhiannon Williams for both being selected as a 2019 Jockey Club Thoroughbred Incentive Program Youth Ambassador and for passing her Pony Club C2 Certification.
Rhiannon on Ossi
to Lauren Wright for becoming a 2019 Jockey Club Thoroughbred Incentive Program Youth Ambassador.
Save the Date!
The Youth Committee is Sponsoring an educational event and you are invited! On Saturday, March 2, 2019 at Avalon Farms, the GDCTA Youth Committee is hosting an educational event. The aim of this event is to help youth prepare for the oncoming show season! Topics will include lectures on; ● Musical freestyle ● Turnout attire ● The FEI jog ● Show grooming ● 2019 dressage tests ● Rules for the 2019 show season Cost of attending this one-day clinic is $25 for GDCTA members and $30 for non members. Remember that hours spent at this event can be used towards earning a USDF rider recognition pin! Be sure to follow @gdctayouth on instagram and “like” GDCTA Youth on Facebook so that you can see when we send out updates! We hope to see you there!
Thank you to the following Thank you to Gala Sponsors for their generous members for their generous donationsdonations We appreciate your support for this fun event!
Thank you to our generous Gala sponors! We appreci
Alex La Pierre Alpharetta Marriott Amanda Moretz Bodywork Ari-Med Pharmaceuticals Atlanta Saddlery Barn Doll Borne Saddlery Bradford Renaissance Portraits Browbands with Bling Caren Caverly Caroline Lusky Charlie Horse Tack David Erdek Dover Saddlery Easy Care Equestrian Life Outfitters Equine Systems Friend of GDCTA GDCTA Georgia Steeplechase Gift Horse Basket Happy Horse Harmony Saddle Fitting / Nancy Bardy Horse Lady Gifts Horsetech Jennifer Cervelli Jewlery Jockey Club Just Peachy PEMF Karen Czarick Kastel Denmark Kelly Herd Jewelry Kentucky Equine Research Kim Lennon-Freire Lisa Prasad Luitpold Pharmaceuticals Inc (Adequan) Lynda Sanford
Lynne Jones Mare Magic Market Street Promotions Mrs. Pastures for Horses Osprey Global (Lindsey McIntyre) Pat Borders Paula Harwell Peri Lambros Perri’s Leather & Metal Crafters Rachael Wilkins / Zaudke Sculpture Richard’s Equine Video Riding Royalty Seth Deitchman, Morgan Stanley Sharon Creek Schamberger Signal-Health LLC Sleazy Sleepwear for Horses Southern Equestrian Spurr’s Big Fix Stirrups Clothing Company Susan Easton Burns The Chronicle of the Horse The Dressage Foundation Triple Crown Feed Ultimate Hoof Pick USDF Vettec Vita Flex Wilsun Blanket Zan Economopoulos Ziky Boutique.com
BARN BASKET RAFFLE Chattahoochee Hills Eventing Chick-Fil-A (Tammy Pearson) CrossRail Apparel and Tack Foxberry Farm Frogcatcher Farm GDCTA Youth Committee North Atlanta Equestrian Center Peach State Dressage River Birch Farm The Equestrian Training Center Vendor Basket Wildhorse Tack and Feed
A preview of the biggest party of the year!!!
Switching Careers, Switching Horses by Laura Carter
Warmblood who was just getting started under saddle.
Photo by Nancy Loyd I’m not your usual baby trainer. After 20+ years of world travel playing music in indie rock bands such as Neutral Milk Hotel, Elf Power, and Nana Grizol… I decided I’d had enough of the “road dog” lifestyle of a touring musician. I jumped at the opportunity to work with my aunt’s youngsters and return to my childhood passion of training horses. My aunt, Delight Willing, is a breeder of dressage horses on Bainbridge Is, WA. Her farm was and still is magical to me. She is deeply connected into the horse community and organized clinics on the Island for Major Jeremy Beale and Gerd Zuther, amongst other top horse-people. I’d watch for hours as my aunt’s close friend and a local jumper trainer, Phillippe LeDorze, would start her youngsters. During the summers of my last two years of high school, my aunt somehow got me a position as a working student for Bruce Davidson. I still don’t know how she managed that! So fall of 2018, in a newly formed partnership with my aunt, my herd here in Georgia had grown to include two very fancy yearlings and a 3 YO grand-daughter of the famous stallion Flemmingh. They joined my 5 YO that I’d begun showing (Biscuit) and my dear retired horse (Bacchus). Needing some crash courses on horse training to refresh, I was ecstatic to receive the GDCTA training grant to work with Adam Lastowka. We planned to use the time working with Biscuit to better prepare him for the Regional Championships. However, due to an injury requiring many months of rehab, we were forced to shift our focus to Ladainha (Latka) the 3 YO ¾ Lusitano and ¼ Dutch
I posed the problem to Adam that her back still seemed very tight. So our training sessions began with Adam showing me how to better loosen Latka’s back by adding exercises aimed at obtaining more bend left and right. After a few sessions using side reins and various longe line configurations, we moved out of the field and into a proper dressage ring. At the same time we were adding more and more bending into the routine, he also wanted me to start to feel more contact with the horse’s mouth. In our third or fourth session, Adam again did something he doesn’t normally do… he taught me how to long line her. Adam made it look easy. It is not easy at all. It’s a whole lot to think about at once. The amazing thing about long lining is that in the moments that I did get right, it really felt as if I was riding. Once I could feel a nice light contact, my hands and elbows were really moving just like I was in the saddle. Then I could really begin bending her in and out and doing transitions with the same hands that I would use from her back. The good moments felt fluid and lovely! Overall the long lining sessions were very successful and despite a high-strung moment or two, we got some of her best work ever. With my new arsenal of suppling exercises, I’m feeling more looseness in her back. I’m happy to report that she feels much more relaxed and comfortable with the saddle and with me in it. Again, I am so grateful to have been given this opportunity to delve deeper into the wonderful and humbling world of horse training. I’ve learned so much. I hope to get to continue to work with Adam in the future. Thank you so very much GDCTA! You can follow our progress (or consider buying one of my Aunt’s super fancy babies) at www.willinghorses.com.
Thank you to the following members for their generous donations Sarah Mitchell Ballou Jessica Beier Lori L. Bell Caryl Berzack Samantha Bielawski Kayla Born Erin Braden Fred M. Burdette Susan Burns Meghan Cameron Rhonda Cathy Richard Cohn Emily Copeland Claire Davis Mary Bess Davis Susan M. Day Leeanna Dick Abbey Dondanville Lily Grace Draper Martine Duff Tawn Edwards Liesel Fazekas Judith C. Fiorentino Paula Fisher Jean Corbett Fowler Michelle B. Futral Susan Gampfer Caroline Garren Linden H. Gaspar Pagan Gilman Abigail Goodwin Kathy Hedgepeth Emily Hewitt Hannah Hewitt Diana Hollis Sophia Holloway Mark Hook Claire Howard Allisa Huestis Christa Welch Hutchings Melody Jackson Mikensey Johansen Elizabeth Jones
Kay Kendzor Leigh Kent-Scherzer Rebecca Kestle, DVM Andrea L. Krakovsky Anabelle Kurtz Susanne Lauda Eleanor Lawson Valerie Levin Jennifer Melcher, DVM Lisette Milner Naida-Ann M. Mirza Janie Montgomery Elleene J. Morgan Dawn Mortimer Wisti Nelson Leslie Oâ€™Neal-Olsen Emma Osmer Mary Ann Parker Janie Pride Robin G. Puryear Margaret Putnal Shelley Rahiya Sophie Redmon Gillian Robinson Aubrey Sabatino Judith Sawall Leila Saxe Holly Scherzer Katie Sisk Kelly Reed Slack Betty G. Smith Kimberly Schisler Sosebee Holly Spencer Susan Stern Helena Stokes Elizabeth Syribeys Marline Syribeys Barbara Taylor Brad Thatcher Alethea Tinkle Claudia Tomaselli Marie Vonderheyden Sylvia Wade 15
Chandilyn Wicker India Wilkinson Cheryl Williams Lindsay Wilson Virginia Woodcock Lauren Wright Hadiya Yarbou
approaches to the foot and follow their results. For the last five years however, I have been utilizing a different approach and the results I have been getting are overwhelmingly positive.
Laminitis - Improving the Odds with Mechanics By Jennifer Miller-Bailey DVM, MS, CVA
The approach I now follow is based on mechanical principles identified and described by Dr. Ric Redden of Versailles, KY. He is a Veterinarian and Farrier that has over 45 years of studying and treating the various pathologies of the foot. The foundation of his approach is centered on addressing two main structural systems of the foot: support components and suspension components. The support components are the hoof capsule, sole, bars, frog, and digital cushion. Suspension components are mainly the deep digital flexor tendon and the lamellae connecting hoof capsule to coffin bone.
The dreaded “L” word. No owner wants to hear their horse has been diagnosed with laminitis. Veterinarians dread diagnosing horses with laminitis. For most veterinarians it means sentencing the horse with a life of pain and likely death. That is because for most veterinarians, that is exactly what happens to the horse when the traditional approaches to laminitis are taken. In veterinary school, very little is taught about the foot, let alone laminitis. We learn that in the purest definition, it is inflammation of the laminae. This inflammation, brought on by many causes, always results in the same process: destruction of the bond between hoof and bone resulting in the alteration of this relationship. We are not taught how to treat laminitis, just as we are not taught how to treat many other ailments of the foot. That is likely because there is no widespread agreement between academic veterinarians, private practice veterinarians, or even farriers on how to treat laminitis or many other conditions of the foot. Because of this, the horse suffers.
These two systems are simplistically represented in the image below. The support system is shown in green as coils and shock absorbers. The suspension system is shown in yellow as small springs (laminae between the hoof wall and coffin bone), large spring (deep digital flexor tendon), and pulleys (navicular apparatus). The red arrows show the directional forces at play around the various structures.
There is however, a method for addressing laminitis and the destruction it causes, that in my experience far surpasses any other method available. I was introduced to these methods and concepts five years ago when faced with a very difficult case that had extensive damage throughout many levels of the foot and distal limb of both forelimbs. After several very costly diagnostics and treatment by other veterinarians, this horse was still in a great deal of pain. Yet by addressing the mechanical reasons for the pain, this horse was pasture sound in 6 months and delivered her first foal two years later. This approach opened a whole new world of possibility for lame and laminitic horses that had been previously hidden from me.
I’ve always understood the support system. That is where most farriers and veterinarians focus their attention. Shoes, pads, sole packing, etc. are all designed with support in mind. What I now realize is without addressing the suspension, we are missing the mark by a mile. The two systems are closely linked. One cannot expect success only addressing one of them. In fact, not only can one not expect success, they can expect out right failure when treating laminitis. If we look at the two systems separately in the simplistic
I have always gravitated to the foot. Through veterinary school, internship and private practice, it seemed like an obvious place to focus given that 90% of lamenesses are foot based or related. Looking back, it seems astonishing and disappointing that we don’t learn more about the foot in school. I have sought out assistance and teaching from farriers and other veterinarians that focus on the foot over the past several years. This has given me the opportunity to use more traditional
drawings below starting with suspension, the two main players are the deep digital flexor tendon (ddft) and the lamellar attachment between hoof wall and coffin bone. The ddft (orange line) is anchored at the elbow, runs down the leg to insert on the bottom/ventral surface of the coffin bone, and exerts a rotational force on the coffin bone via the pulley action of the navicular bone. In a healthy foot this force is equally antagonized by the strong Velcro-like lamellar tissue (purple arrows) that hold the hoof wall to the coffin bone. Therefore, the coffin bone, and thus the digit, is “suspended” within the hoof capsule by these two very robust structures. This can also be illustrated by picturing a hammock; one end anchored by the lamellar tissue, the other end by the deep flexor tendon. A large portion of the horse’s weight is directed down into this “hammock.” The remainder of the horse’s weight is distributed through the support structures.
is equally opposed by the ground pushing up (as shown by the shorter green arrows pointing up from the bottom of the foot) via the hoof capsule, sole, frog and digital cushion, against the bottom of the coffin bone. The support and suspension systems work together to keep the relationship between the bone and the hoof capsule stable throughout all sort of mechanical stresses placed upon the foot during the horse’s performance. In a “normal” appearing foot, meaning one that is not upright or clubby, nor does it have low underslung or crushed heels, these two systems are in perfect harmony. However, if one system is overwhelming or insufficient, the foot takes on either an upright or clubbed appearance (too much suspension), or a low angled underslung or crushed heel with minimal digital cushion (not enough suspension). Genetics can predetermine this arrangement, but environment, nutrition, injury and disease also affect it. Laminitis significantly disturbs the balance between suspension and support. When a horse is experiencing laminitis, no matter the cause, the suspension system is disrupted. The laminar bond between hoof and bone is no longer equal to the pull of the tendon. This results in tearing of the laminar tissue and eventually rotation of the coffin bone. If enough lamellar tissue is disrupted throughout the foot, the entire bond can fail resulting in sinking of the coffin/digit further down into the hoof capsule. If support alone were enough to prevent this from happening, horses would never penetrate the sole with their coffin bone. However, all the support in the world will not prevent this from happening if that is the only system addressed.
If we now examine the support system, the main players are the hoof capsule, sole, frog, digital cushion and the phalanges (long and short pastern bones and the coffin bone). The weight of the horse is directed down through the skeleton into the foot and is represented by the green arrows pointed down through the middle of the phalanges. In a healthy foot, this force
When treating laminitis, one must always address both systems to have success in either preventing rotation or preventing further vascular damage and bone loss after rotation has already occurred. There is a vast and delicate vascular network tightly associated with the coffin bone, especially around the distal rim or apex where the circumflex artery lives. As the tendon pulls on the coffin bone, the apex is pulled down against the sole and away from its vascular supply, the circumflex artery. The bone not only begins to suffer damage from loss of perfusion, it compresses additional vasculature below it within the solar tissue. This compression prevents perfusion of the sole, leading to tissue death and necrosis. If this continues long enough, there will be irreversible bone loss and minimal to no sole growth in this area. The solar tissue becomes very thin and fragile and the bone begins to penetrate the sole.
CALENDAR (GDCTA events in red) USEF/USDF/USEA, 2019 Show Season May 11-12 Aug 31Sep 1 Oct 11-13
Mar 2 Mar 9-10 Apr 20-21
Feb 9 Feb 9 Feb 23 Mar 9 Mar 9 Mar 16 Mar 23 Apr 6 Apr 6 Apr 13 Apr 13 Apr 20 Apr 27 May 4 May 11 May 18 May 18 May 18 May 18 June 1 June 1 June 15 June 15 June 22
Greater Atlanta Dressage Southern Labor Day Classic I & II GAIG/USDF Region 3 Dressage Championships
Clinics & Symposiums
GDCTA Youth Clinic Anne Gribbons Dressage Jeremy Steinberg Dressage
Gainesville Milton Milton
GA GA GA
Sandy Donovan Sandy Donovan
Liz Molloy Julie Shannon Julie Shannon
email@example.com Julie@shannondale.com Julie@shannondale.com
GDCTA-Recognized Schooling Shows (green=pending), 2019 Show Season
Poplar Place Farm Chatt Hills AYDC North Atlanta Equestrian Poplar Place Farm AYDC Foxberry Farm CT Spring CT & Dressage Show Full Circle Farm Poplar Place Farm Oxer Farm AYDC Chatt Hills Foxberry Farm 3-phase Poplar Place Farm North Atlanta Equestrian Oxer Farm AYDC Full Circle Farm Big Cheese HT, CT, Dr AYDC Foxberry Farm 3-phase Poplar Place Farm Oxer Farm
Hamilton Fairburn GIHP Cartersville Hamilton GIHP Dallas Athens Pell City Hamilton Clermont GIHP Fairburn Dallas Hamilton Cartersville Clermont GIHP Pell City Athens GIHP Dallas Hamilton Clermont
GA GA GA GA GA GA GA GA AL GA GA GA GA GA GA GA GA GA AL GA GA GA GA GA
Launa DesPorts Hugh Lochore Liz Molloy Rebecca Bowman Launa DesPorts Liz Molloy Kim Abernathy Caroline Marlett Janice Ballard Launa DesPorts Sandra Carnet Liz Molloy Hugh Lochore Kim Abernathy Launa DesPorts Rebecca Bowman Sandra Carnet Liz Molloy Janice Ballard Caroline Marlett Liz Molloy Kim Abernathy Launa DesPorts Sandra Carnet
Launa@poplarplacefarm.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Launa@poplarplacefarm.com email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Launa@poplarplacefarm.com email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Launa@poplarplacefarm.com email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Launa@poplarplacefarm.com firstname.lastname@example.org
For updates, visit GDCTA.org/calendar-of-events
July 13 July 20 July 20 July 27 Aug 3-4 Aug 3 Aug 3 Aug 10 Aug 24 Aug 24 Sep 7 Sep 7 Sep 14 Sep 21 Sep 21 Sep 28-29
Big Cheese HT, CT, Dr North Atlanta Equestrian Poplar Place Farm Big Cheese HT, CT, Dr GDCTA Summer Finals Chatt Hills Big Cheese HT, CT, Dr AYDC Oxer Farm Full Circle Farm North Atlanta Equestrian AYDC Foxberry Farm 3-phase Oxer Farm Poplar Place Farm Southeast Schooling Show Championships
Athens Cartersville Hamilton Athens Alpharetta Fairburn Athens GIHP Clermont Pell City Cartersville GIHP Dallas Clermont Hamilton Fairburn
GA GA GA GA GA GA GA GA GA AL GA GA GA GA GA GA
Caroline Marlett Rebecca Bowman Launa DesPorts Caroline Marlett Caren Caverly Hugh Lochore Caroline Marlett Liz Molloy Sandra Carnet Janice Ballard Rebecca Bowman Liz Molloy Kim Abernathy Sandra Carnet Launa DesPorts Penny Morse
email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Launa@poplarplacefarm.com email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Launa@poplarplacefarm.com SeSSC@chatthillseventing.com
GDCTA AWARDS PROGRAM USEF/USDF/USEA standings will not be published until the end of the season when we have received the data files from those organizations. Schooling show standings will be updated on the website monthly so you can confirm that your scores are being recorded. USEF riders will only see their standings at the end of the season when USEA and USDF send us the digital files. Please make sure you have checked the appropriated awards program boxes when you join. The list of members and their awards program choices are on the home page of gdcta.org Caren Caverly GDCTA AWARDS CHAIR - Recognized & Schooling Shows firstname.lastname@example.org 770-713-4025
For updates, visit GDCTA.org/calendar-of-events
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Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association Regular Meetings
December 17, 2018
Caren Caverly called the meeting to order at 7:00 pm at Shannondale Farm 2395 Birmingham Rd, Alpharetta, GA. Recording Secretary, Joanne Morse, performed roll call. A quorum of the board consisting of Caren Caverly, Peri Lambros, Mary Lou Freil, Julie Shannon, Susan Collins, Erin McCloud, Liz Molloy, Joanne Morse, Rebecca Bowman, Amanda Garner, and Peter West were present. Also in attendance: Anna and John Stooksbury, Karen and Teresa West, Marc Mesa, Kathy Duffy, Valerie and Caitlyn Bennett, Sarah Bowman, Chris Hutchings, Scott Garner, Lori Goodwin, June Brewer, and Pagan Gilman. The minutes of the regular meeting for November 12, 2018, were sent and approved as corrected. Board members who had recently attended the USDF and USEA Conventions reported back with what they had learned at the meetings. Invitations for Gala have gone out. As part of their obligation to GDCTA all board members are required to help with the gala. Schedules for the 2019 year are being worked on and budgets are due at the January meeting. Meeting adjourned at 8:00 pm and the Potluck Dinner commenced immediately afterwards.
January 21, 2019
Caren Caverly called the meeting to order at 7:00 pm at Shannondale Farm 2395 Birmingham Rd, Alpharetta, GA. Recording Secretary, Joanne Morse, performed roll call. A quorum of the board consisting of Caren Caverly, Peri Lambros, Julie Shannon, Erin McCloud, Liz Molloy, Joanne Morse, Rebecca Bowman, Amanda Garner, Amanda Moretz, Lori Goodwin, and Peter West were present. The minutes of the regular meeting for December 17, 2018, were sent and approved as corrected. Gala is on the 26th of January. We have a new DJ this year. Caren made a motion that we
purchase a cash register to track the sales from the Gala easier. Motion approved with a unanimous vote. We have received 34 applications for school show recognition for the 2019 show season. Chattahoochee Hills and Poplar Place Farm are both in February. GDCTA Youth Committee will be giving a speech at Gala. Surveys are in from the USDF Regionals that were hosted by GDCTA at The Georgia International Horse Park. Overall response was very positive and we are excited to get started on the planning for the October 2019 event. Erin McCloud has taken over the organizing for the Kudzu Klinics and is looking for clinicians and facilities to host. Penny Morse shared her plan for overhauling the newsletter and giving it a new look to make it more appealing to our audience. Amanda Moretz joined the Grant Committee. All board members are encouraged to help with articles and advertising for the 2019 yearbook. Budgets for GDCTA hosted shows and clinics for the 2019 year were submitted by organizers. All budgets approved.
2019 Membership Application GDCTA is a USDF Group Member Organization and a USEA Affiliate
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GDCTA Collected Remarks Newsletter Advertising
Collected Remarks is the official publication of the Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association, Inc. (GDCTA). Published online 10x per year to more than 700 equine enthusiasts; it is full of informative articles, member ads, clinic information, and our regional calendar of events. Deadline for receipt of artwork and payment for online ads is the 5th of every month.
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of the damage is occurring. Over the past 45 plus years Dr. Ric Redden has found that in most cases of laminitis, reducing the pull of the tendon by 60% is sufficient to prevent further catastrophic damage. He has found that raising the angle of the coffin bone relative to the ground to around 20-30 degrees will achieve 60% reduction in the ddft tension. Dr. Redden also discovered that by loading the heel parallel to the coffin bone, one can maximize the amount of perfusion around the toe. This effect can be illustrated by simply applying digital pressure to your skin. The blood where the pressure is applied is pushed into other surrounding tissues. By applying increased pressure at the heel, we can move more blood into the toe, thus reducing or preventing tissue necrosis due to inadequate perfusion.
The pictures below show a venogram. Dye has been injected into the digital vein and a radiograph produced to show the intricate and vast network of vessels throughout the foot. Venograms produce real-time information on the vascular status of a foot with laminitis weeks before radiographs would show any evidence of laminitis. They allow diagnosis and intervention to be implemented before irreversible damage has occurred. Serial venograms can be utilized to evaluate the effectiveness of the interventional treatment to be sure it is adequate to save the foot. In the event interventional treatment is still insufficient, more aggressive tactics can be taken before itâ€™s too late. Venograms are now the gold standard in diagnosing and evaluating laminitis. The first picture shows the vascular pattern without any intervention. The second picture shows how that pattern is changed when mechanics are introduced. Notice there is relative blanching of the vessels throughout the heel region, and relative filling of vessels through the coronary waterfall, sublamellar vascular bed and circumflex artery. This is proof that application of mechanics alters the bloodflow in the foot to allow. Taking advantage of this effect allows us to protect and or rehabilitate damaged areas.
The picture below is a device used to treat the very early stages of laminitis utilizing the above described principles. It was designed to be applied as a first aid type of treatment, before any rotation has occurred. Applied correctly with the aid of radiographs, it can be a very effective method of treatment. Combined with serial venograms, the possibility of getting a horse to not only survive laminitis, but to have a normal foot afterwards is quite possible with this treatment. As mentioned before, this device can provide a 60% reduction in the tension of the ddft. If, however serial venograms show that the degree of laminitis has overwhelmed the ability for this device to save the foot, more aggressive measures can still be taken to save the horse and save the foot without having the catastrophic damage and distortion we have become so accustomed to associating with laminitis. In the event diagnosis is delayed and rotation does occur, mechanical intervention can still save the foot so long as the
Once the diagnosis of laminitis has been made, immediate mechanical intervention should be implemented to address both the support and suspension systems to prevent any further damage from occurring and promote vascular and tissue repair at the fastest rate possible. The pull of the tendon must be significantly reduced to prevent the coffin bone from moving, and the load must be directed towards the healthier heel area and away from the toe where most
venogram shows the vascular supply is still present.
and have the same goals and ability. Laminitis treatment can be intensive and ongoing for months to years in some cases. This requires dedication from the veterinarian and the farrier that is unlike most other diseases of the foot. It also requires that the veterinarian and the farrier work together on the horse at the same time to compliment one another’s efforts. This level of commitment is likely why many veterinarians prefer not to treat many laminitic horses and would rather turn them over to the farrier exclusively. In these situations, the owner and or farrier often seek out a veterinarian whose practice does focus on laminitic horses. Many times, however this occurs weeks after initial diagnosis making treatment more difficult and prognosis lower. Prognosis and outcome are maximized when the appropriate treatment is applied at the first sign of laminitis. An experienced vetfarrier team can immediately work to get the horse healthy again and provide the owner with the best possible outcome in the shortest time frame possible. Therefore, I have made it my goal to educate horse owners on the importance of not only recognizing the early signs of laminitis, but the importance of getting the right team for the job. If you or someone you know has a horse suffering from laminitis, put them in touch with professionals such as myself that are trained in this method and have experience using it. It can mean the difference between life and death for many horses.
The results produced when utilizing and applying the principles of this mechanical formula have far surpassed any other method I have used or seen to date. Why it has not yet become the standard of care for laminitis is due in large part to the concept being so different than the traditional “American Farriers’ Association” style of teaching. Principles of the AFA are largely what govern the approaches of most veterinarians and farriers. I have utilized those principles for years. I have now realized that those principles are largely inadequate. Following the mechanical principles above has allowed myself and many others to help substantially more horses than I ever was able to with more traditional approaches. In addition, the degree of success for each horse has been far greater.
FOUR STAR EQUINE VETERINARY SERVICES ph: (386) 344-1937 email: email@example.com
Successful implementation of mechanical treatment for laminitis must be done by likeminded individuals. The veterinarian and the farrier must be on the same page
2019 Official GDCTA Directory Ad Form ADVERTISE YOUR BUSINESS! GDCTA is preparing the 2019 Membership Directory. Do you have a business or offer a service that the membership should be aware of? Place your ad in one of the most highly used publications distributed as part of Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association membership! Let GDCTA members know what you have to offer! GDCTA 2019 DIRECTORY ONLINE ADVERTISING RATES Business Card (3-1/2”w x 2”H) Half Page (4-1/2”w x 3-5/8”h) Full Page (4-1/4”w x 7-1/2”h)
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Collected Remarks is the official publication of the Georgia Dressage and Combined Training Association, Inc. (GDCTA).