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garden tripod Horticultural Science Technology & Art

Cover Image A wee posy from my garden by Clare Colins

All The Materials Contained May Not Be Reproduced, Copied, Edited, Published, Transmitted Or Uploaded In Any Way Without the artist/photographers Permission. These Images/writings Do Not Belong To The Public Domain. All images and information within the Garden Tripod magazine are the responsibility of the owner/artist/writer/ photographer & not the Garden Tripod magazine 2012-2013

GARDEN TRIPOD Horticultural Science Technology & Art Issue

14 August 2013 Garden Tripod Web Site www.gardentripod.com

Garden Tripod Magazine and the Country Gardens Come Grow With Us group

Welcomes Andrew Coogan

Touchstone21

Emily Freeman Photography

debraroffo

Richard Eijkenbroek

Uttiya Majumdar

John Thurgood

Yevgeni Kacnelson

Jon Unsell

Sam Burchell

WhiteDove Studio kj gordon

rue2

jessiejoe

Chris Chalk

Sandra Caven

hinting

Gordondon

Jeanne McRight

Justine Gordon

Adrian Kent

Kathryn Jones

garden tripod Horticultural Science, Technology & Art Welcome to our 14th edition of the Garden Tripod. A new look.. well only slightly .. gone are the red-bubbles .. We are now independent. So images and articles can be included from out side Redbubble. We will also still be working closely with all the RB members, so no change there. We just felt that it was time to move the Garden Tripod magazine forward, as we had very little interest from the management at RedBubble. Continuing from last month we are still showing text in the raw, as it has been written, rather than trimming and tidying. We felt we was loosing contact with the person. So spelling mistakes and grammatical errors are now included for free, and we meet the real people, unpolished, unaltered. This month we are privileged to be welcoming two writers new to the Garden Tripod, Andrea Durrheim & Katie Freeh and look forward to their monthly articles. Richard Fenwick has a new Question Corner, and his micro propagation series will be under one cover soon to be published. We also have an interesting article on World changing technology. Our office temp Nicole has been sharing her experiences on growing her own food. The office news hound has found an amazing art work by HolyOther. The country garden come grow with us group challenge, this time featuring sunshine images are inspiring .. with 52 entries and 130 votes. It produced one clear winner. See if you an pick the winner out from the catalog of all 53 images ! We also look at some awesome images of still life with flowers .. a little fun quiz for you at the end, see how many you can identify Flutterflies are also being looked at, as the challenge was sunshine, and where there is sunshine and flowers we should see flutterflies.. then a trip down to the sea, where Mario Donk shares his method of digital painting using the Corel Painter 12 paint program. This method can be applied to any subject including flowers and gardens. Also don’t miss the delightful images of the very talented winner of last months challenge, Gardens at Dusk.. thank you Barbara Brown for the spotlight of your images, and the information about the Kennedy Mine Tailing Wheel. Its a creative find of something that was built to work. Lastly, do give our new calendar a little look .. its been a joy to assemble, and remember all the profits go back the artists that have work featured in the calendar.

OFFICIAL CALENDAR Calendar Size A3 (297 x 420mm / 11.7” x 16.5”) Please remember to set the start date of the calendar when ordering

http://www.redbubble.com/people/gardentripod/calendars/10524004-garden-tripod

GARDEN TRIPOD www.gardentripod.com

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GARDEN TRIPOD Horticultural Science Technology & Art

www.gardentripod.com 8

Office News Hound

10 Exhibition & News 17 Sunshine Catalogue & Challenge Results 45 Ramblings from the Office Temp 49 Spotlight, Barbara Brown 61 Andrea Durrheim, Indigenous Myths Exposed 67 The Art of Still Life with flowers 77 Katie Freeth, The Culture of Plants 81 Flutterflies 88 Richard Fenwick, Question Corner 94 World changing technology 97 Mario Donk demo of Corel Painter 112 Fractal Science by Ross Hilbert

A little word from our

Office News Hound Hi Folks .. I am officially the office dog for the Garden Tripod Magazine. Thank you all for reading my little column here, I am amazed at the number of viewers this publication is attracting, and from all around the world ! Gosh I am almost famous.. Kinda half in the spotlight .LOL I have a confession ~ I totally love patterns, and can often be found chomping up bits of shrubs, flowers and branches in an attempt to create an artist looking pattern on the living room floor. So far my feeble attempts have gone unnoticed and shoveled up to feed the fire thats keeping us warm.. but I hope one day to be able to create something worth looking at. So you can imagine how excited I am to show you this awesome drawing by a very talented lady called HolyOther, There are lots of drawings on her artist page at www.redbubble.com/people/holyother Do have a look and leave a comment, just say Princess Summer sent you

Stay Safe Princess Summer

a princess summer original carpet and bathroom paper

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 8

Pattern #1 by HolyOther

Exhibition News

Celeste Mookherjee is exhibiting in the Zask Gallery South Bay Contemporary Art Juried Group Show Opening July 13 - August 25, 2013

Angel's trumpet inner sanctum Soft breeze Inner life of a flower

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 10

Zask Gallery Contemporary Art

Promenade on the Peninsula 550 Deep Valley Drive - #151 Rolling Hills Estates, CA 90274 310 429 0973 pszask@gmail.com

Upcoming Show South Bay Contemporary Art Juried Group Show Opening July 13 - August 25, 2013 hours: Tuesday through Friday 1:15 - 6 pm Saturday 11 - 6 pm Sunday Noon - 4 pm closed Mondays Zask Gallery is dedicated to the exhibition and promotion of contemporary art by emerging and established artists whose works reflect sensitivity to social, environmental and humanitarian issues.

Exhibition News

Mt Wilson & Mt Irvine Photography & Art Exhibition 26th & 27th October 2013 This year’s exhibition has been expanded with invitations being sent to a local Mt Wilson Jewellery artist as well as local sculptors. I’m sure this will increase the interest to visitors and locals alike. Remember that all work needs to be of the Mt Wilson and/or Mt Irvine area. Entries forms close Friday 11th October 2013 Entry fee – $20 per artist (NOT per entry)* A special drop off day has been arranged at McGrath’s Hill McDonalds for Sunday 13th October strictly between 8 am and 11 am Entry of work needs to be received at Mt Wilson by Thursday 24th October 2013 You may offer your work for sale with 25% of each sale donation to the Mt Wilson & Mt Irvine Fire Brigade Over the weekend the local ladies of the Fire Brigade will be cooking up a storm with plenty of home made goodies (make sure you try their pies) as well as cold drinks and tea and coffee. On the Saturday from 6 pm will the official opening with wine & cheese. Exhibition dates: Saturday 26th October & Sunday 27th October 2013 Exhibition times will be from 10 am to 4 pm (Gold coin entry) Official opening Saturday 26th October 2013 from 6 pm ($5 entry) This year there will be a special package: for $20 you will gain entry to the exhibition as well as entry to the beautiful gardens of Nooroo, Merry Garth and Bisley. This will also include a photo walk by leading photographers at 11 am and 1 pm on Saturday in Bisley and/or Merry Garth. Remember this is a major fund raising event for the Mt Wilson & Mt Irvine Fire Brigades who do a wonderful job in the Blue Mountains with fire, storm and rescue operations, being first responders to MVA accidents and canyon/bush walking/trail bike incidents.

Entry forms and other inquiries to bevwoodman46@gmail.com.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 12

Valder Bridge is a beautifully constructed stone bridge tucked away underneath The Avenue in Mt Wilson in a secluded pocket of rain forest surrounded by the many magnificent gardens in this quaint village community. From the Mt Wilson website “The Valder Bridge was constructed by Alan and Stewart Gunn in 1996. It is in Sloan Reserve and allows people to walk around the reserve and along to Hay Lane. It was built by the Mt W i l s o n P ro g re s s A s s o c i a t i o n following a donation by the Valder family and with further financial support from Blue Mountains City Council”. A pretty spot not to be missed … accessible via Hay Lane or look for the Sloan Reserve sign opposite the back gates to Nooroo and Sefton Cottage.

Valder Bridge - Mt Wilson NSW Australia by Bev Woodman

Picnic at Mt WIlson A magic spot for a picnic among the autumn leaves and mist along The Avenue at Mt Wilson in NSW Australia. Beautiful all year around

Picnic at Mt WIlson by Bev Woodman

Exhibition News

Jacki Stokes

is exhibiting at the RHS Garden Rosemoor, Devon

White rose (Rosa Rugosa Alba) A vibrant watercolour painting of a white rose. W & N Artists quality watercolour paint on NOT paper. Copyright Jacki Stokes 2011 This painting received the Best Watercolour Award in the 2012 Taunton Art Group Annual Exhibition.

The Artists’ Garden Art Exhibition 06 Sept to 22 Sept Every Day, 11am - 5pm Normal Garden Admission Over 80 of the South West’s most talented artists are involved in this exciting and colourful exhibition of naturalistic pictures, prints and cards created using a variety of media. The focus is on gardens and plants as well as landscapes, seascapes and wildlife pictures and the range of images is eclectic in both style and price. All the work exhibited is for sale.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 14

Publishing News

ienemien OOSTERWOLDE, NETHERLANDS Dear Friends, I am so Proud !!!! … that the WWF The World Wide Fund for Nature In Dutch : WNF Wereld Natuur Fonds, selected TWO Photos for their New Book: Levende Planeet: De Aarde in al haar elementen Living Planet: The Earth in al her Elements

In the ELEMENT FIRE

From About 1000 entry’s they picked two of mine!! I a m s o P ro u d t o b e between all these great photographers! Love and Waterheart for the Element Water

Boek 'Levende Planeet' Geef 39,95 of meer en ontvang het boek 'Levende planeet' De prachtige natuurbeelden die wij bij het WNF dagelijks onder ogen krijgen, bleken steeds vaker afkomstig te zijn van natuurliefhebbers met oog voor natuurfotografie. Dat heeft ons geïnspireerd om dit keer een fotoboek uit te geven met de meest treffende natuuropnames, gemaakt door onze eigen vrienden. Adembenemend mooie en intrigerende beelden, afkomstig van vrienden als Frans Lanting, Humberto Tan en André Kuipers, maar ook van donateurs, vrijwilligers, medewerkers en misschien wel van jou. 'Levende planeet' toont onze gezamenlijke liefde voor de natuur, in al haar vormen met prachtige beelden. Het laat zien dat de natuur van ons allemaal is. Van jou, van ons en hopelijk van alle generaties na ons... Samen geven we de aarde door! Jouw gift helpt daarbij.

Garden Tripod Supports Country Gardens come grow with us group challenge

Sunshine Catalogue 53 entries 130 Votes

Sunshine Štheagency

Japanese Gardens by PhotosByG

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 18

Wild Prairie Sunflowers In Profusion by WildestArt

by Margaret Morgan (Watkins)

Woodend in Winter VIC Australia It was a bright day by EbyArts

S U N S H I N E

by MotherNature

Zabulon Skipper Butterfly - Poanes zabulon

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 20

Bee and lavender by Morag Anderson

by SummerJade

Worshiping the Sun ~ It’s Only Natural

Journey to the Center of the Sun by hummingbirds

S U N S H I N E

Basking in the Sun! by heatherfriedman

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 22

Summer by wolftinz

Sunday Visit by Eileen McVey

Beach on Oahu by CADavis

Magnolias in Bloom by cclaude

S U N S H I N E

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 24

by Alberto DeJesus

Bronx Botanical Gardens, New York City

by Vicki Spindler (VHS Photography) FOLLOW

What Are YOU Doing In MY Garden?

Place to Gather by Lotus0104

My Garden Rose by Sandra Fortier

Beauty is everywhere by Mui-Ling Teh

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page26

Afternoon Delight by Barbara Brown

Standing Together by Bette Devine

twins by vigor

SUN SHINE

Zinnia by marens

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 28

Reaching by Fay270

Stoney Bottom - A Garden in Bridgetown, Western Australia by Elaine Teague

Yellow Day Lily by Rosemary Sobiera

SU N SH IN E

Sun of the Garden by rosaliemcm

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 30

Orange Rusty Sun Flowers by Sandra Foster

sky blue by dinghysailor1

Pink Petticoats by Jacki Stokes

SUN SHINE

Garden Splash...Newport Oregon....AS IS by trueblvr

Maximilian Sunflower by Jan Tribe

Beach Flowers by EmilyFreeman

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 32

Branch in the sunlight by Arie Koene

Pink Wednesday by JuliaPaa

SU N SH IN E Lilliput Lane Cottage, Lake District, England, by AnnDixon

Backlit by John Thurgood

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 34

Cosmos in the sunshine by Celeste Mookherjee

Lavender in Light by Michael John

S U N S H I N E

Sunflower Swirls - I by Marilyn Cornwell

Sunlit Passion by Lozzar Flowers & Art

Hot in the Sun by Joy Watson

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 36

Arizona Poppies by Lucinda Walter

BabyFence by WhiteDove Studio kj gordon

S U N S H I N E

Three Trees - Butchart Gardens by Yannik Hay

Vintage Lilac by Yevgeni Kacnelson

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 38

Rose pink by Richard Eijkenbroek

Sunflower 4 by baneling

Blue Geranium 2 by MagsWilliamson

S U N S H I N E

Hope Between the Thorns by paintingsheep

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 40

Shining Through by ShotsOfLove

Wild Rose by sherln

Summer in the Garden by lezvee

Spring is alive by debraroffo

S U N S H I N E

Sunshine

53 entries 130 Votes

1 Winner

Arizona Poppies by Lucinda Walter

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 42

Arizona Poppies by Lucinda Walter

Top Ten Results

6

10 Arizona Poppies

Sunflower Swirls - I

by Lucinda Walter

by Marilyn Cornwell

6

6

Lilliput Lane Cottage, Lake District, England,

Basking in the Sun! by heatherfriedman

by AnnDixon

5

5 Hope Between

BabyFence

the Thorns

by WhiteDove Studio kj gordon

by paintingsheep

5

4

Garden Splash... Newport Oregon....AS IS

Cosmos in the sunshine by Celeste Mookherjee

by trueblvr

4

4 Afternoon Delight

It was a bright day

by Barbara Brown

by EbyArts

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 44

Growing my own

~ Ramblings from the Office Temp ~ Nicole W.

Autumn by Nicole W.

Its all connected by Nicole W. As I was enjoying my super-fresh salad last week, I thought it was time you and I should sit down and talk about the eatable garden. Not just veggies, although they simply are a must-have for each and every gardener, or garden-owner for sure, but the other healthy stuff: fruit as well, and let’s look at reasons to do this. We`ve all noticed the crisis situation all around the world. Because of that, everything gets more expensive, harder to come by, supermarkets shrink their assortments, and some luxury foods simply aren’t available anymore. At least, that’s what I have noticed around here. It’s a great reason to start growing some of the stuff yourself! Another good reason is the way most of us have been eating. Did you ever wonder where the extra pounds on the hips came from? Sure, we eat a little too much, we love the cookies and the candy…but the biggest reason might be in our dinners. The lack of antioxidants, to be precise. The fat in our foods cant bind to anything that will dispose of them, it just waits for a bus in your body, and while it waits, it finds itself a nice spot with other fat cells. Some of us developed quit a community of them in the past years. How come we don’t get enough busses (antioxidants) to go around in our bodies anymore? It seems, modern food doesn’t have them as much as fresh food. And with our busy lives, we don’t take a lot of time to think about the cooking, and we grab the easy meal all too often. Sometimes even because the easy meal is so much cheaper! We are not to blame, people tell us the ready-to-go meals and even the Mc Donald meals, are healthy and contain vitamins and stuff. Which is true….but

it lacks antioxidants! So we can’t dispose the fat. Now if there ever was a reason to go organic…this might be it. But let’s start with growing some of our own meals. It pays to grow your own lettuce. It doesn’t take much; I’ve grown 5 kinds of lettuce in 3 flowerpots. After all, I don’t have to grow food for the entire neighborhood, just for the hubby and me. I’ve plucked several salads from these few plants. Once every week I`ve eaten a salad, freshly out of my garden. The taste was amazing, indeed very different from the lettuce you buy in your store. The leaves are crunchy, juicy and firm. Not at all like the stuff that the supermarket sells you. I’ve added some self-grown baby cucumbers, man I never even knew cucumbers actually have a taste. But they do and they are delicious!

How come we don’t get enough busses (antioxidants) to go around in our bodies anymore? I only have 1 cucumber plant, but it gives me 2 – 3 baby cucumbers a week. Plenty! I also have one tomato plant, one pepper plant and several herbs I use often. So you see, you can grow your meal on a small balcony if you have to, no problem. But what about fruit? I’m afraid you do need a garden for that, although it doesn’t have to be a big one. Did you know you can get very small fruit trees nowadays? It pays to have an apple tree in your garden. They usually give you loads of apples starting in September usually. I know I know…often, the trees give you too much fruit in a short period of time.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 46

Growing my own But get creative, like our grandparents did. I have 4 apple trees, and a zillion apples by the end of September. WAY too many to eat. So here what I do: I polish them nicely and give them away to people with children, and elderly people. Everyone values a basket of apples without a trace of poison on them. Then, I invite my mother in law to come help me on a Saturday, with making apple sauce. We just make a LOT and then she takes home the half of it. Of course we put the stuff, packed in portions, in our freezer and we have fresh applesauce all through the winter. The damaged apples will be eaten by my pigs and chickens, and if I still have apples left, I bake an apple pie, or two. I make sure I leave some apples in the trees, for the birds. I’ve been doing that for years and years. Friends and family look forward to the crop days in my backyard. In fact, I enjoyed it so much, I decided to grow other fruits as well. So 2 years ago, I bought one blackberry bush and one raspberry bush. Oh boy, what did I get myself into….last year we had a decent amount of fruit coming off of those bushes, no problem. But this year….especially the raspberry gave me such an extreme amount of fruit, I had to get creative all over again. I’m not a fabulous cook, but even I managed to look up some simple recipes of jam and jelly, and surprised some people with that. Also, I decorated a lot of salads, ice-creams, deserts and even cake with the stuff fresh and tasty fruits. I hope the peach, pear and cherry trees I planted this year, will give me a large amount of fresh fruit next year. With those trees, I have fresh fruit starting from May until October! And you did know, fruit and veggies are the way to get your antioxidants in, right? So what are you waiting for!! Plant now, harvest next year! NW

almost there.... by Nicole W.

Time for Cherries! by Nicole W. Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 48

Spotlight Feature I am a freelance photographer and and Social Worker After many years in Social Work services and administration, I am attempting to retire though keep getting pulled back in. Photography has always been a passion and I look forward to having more time to pursue that as well as getting back into art. As my portfolio demonstrates, I love all types of photography, from landscapes and travel to macro, weddings and portraiture. I hope you enjoy viewing my work and thank you.

Barbara Brown SACRAMENTO, UNITED STATES

A Walk in the Garden

Barbara Brown

Solitude

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 50

Barbara Brown

Old Cypress Grove

Barbara Brown

A Kind Of Hush

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 52

Barbara Brown

White Camellia

Barbara Brown

Floral Spray

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 54

Barbara Brown

Hostas Gone Wild

Rainy Day Light Barbara Brown

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 56

Lace and Light Barbara Brown

Mysterious Window Barbara Brown

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 58

Barbara Brown SACRAMENTO, UNITED STATES

Kennedy Mine Tailing Wheel by Barbara Brown One of the old tailing wheels of the old Kennedy Gold Mine outside of Jackson, California. the head-frame of the mine can be seen in the background. Below is a history of the tailing wheels. This is wheel number 4. The monstrous, fifty-eight foot diameter Kennedy Tailing Wheels are a one-of-a-kind creation. Although not built during the Gold Rush, these huge wooden wheels were a direct result of a Gold Rush event and are probably the most remembered artifacts of any visit to Jackson today. The wheels were built in 1914 in response to federal anti-debris laws and court cases reaching back to the 1880’s; no longer could the mines dump their wastes into the rivers and streams, polluting the water and causing serious flood dangers to the farmers in the valleys below. All mine tailings had to be impounded. As the Kennedy Mine’s impound dam was located behind two small hills and about a half a mile away from the mill, the wheels were built to lift the tailings up over the hills to the dam.

impounding basin in Indian Gulch. The wheels worked twenty-four hours a day, from December of 1914 to 1942 with few stoppages, each day lifting 850 tons of waste up and over the hills. When the Kennedy Mine closed in 1942, the corrugated iron buildings which had enclosed the four wheels were torn down for scrap. Suddenly, four looming wooden wheels appeared on Jackson’s horizon, much to the delight of later day artists and photographers. The wheels are located in the Jackson Kennedy Wheels City Park, north of town about a mile along Jackson Gate Road. Two wheels have fallen since they were uncovered in 1942, Wheel #3 in 1963, and Wheel #2 in 1970. Recently steps have been taken by local citizens, county and city officials to help preserve the last two standing wheels.

Fifty-eight foot diameter

Kennedy Tailing Wheels are a one-of-a-kind creation. The ore from the Kennedy Mine was crushed in their one hundred-stamp mill on the south slope of Humbug Hill. The tailings, or “waste,” were then mixed with water in the slime plant and allowed to flow down a one thousand-foot-long flume to the base of Wheel #1. Anchored to a concrete foundation, the three-story-tall wheel lifted the tailings forty-four feet in redwood buckets, and then emptied them into a flume which flowed to the base of Wheel #2. From the top of Wheel #2, an eight hundred-foot long flume carried the tailings over Jackson Gate Road to Wheel #3. Up another forty-four feet and down another flume to Wheel #4 which lifted the tailings for a final time up and over the top of the hill and into the

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 60

B B

Garden Tripod would like to thank

Andrea Durrheim For allowing her publications to be shown within this magazine

Andrea Durrheim George Area, South Africa

TOP: Indigenous plants appreciate love and attention just as much as any other plant. CENTRE: The wide variety of colours available in Tecoma capensis. (Pic: Durrheim) ABOVE: Agapanthus will benefit from a good slow-release fertiliser applied in spring and summer. (Pic: Durrheim)

22 SA Gardening April 2006

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 62

exposed

Indigenous myths

Andrea Durrheim says that the truth about indigenous gardening is that it is very similar to other types of gardening – you can create any kind of garden you like and indigenous plants are available in every shape and size to suit every purpose and requirement

I

t’s not often that you get an opportunity to write an exposè on indigenous plants, to dig the dirt and maybe do a bit of manure slinging into the bargain. It’s actually amazing what ‘skinder’ one can unearth about our indigenous plants, but ultimately it’s our own preconceptions and gardening myths that cause all the trouble in the first place! Here’s the clincher, a lovely, sweeping statement that should cover every aspect of the suburban legend that precipitated this outpouring: Indigenous gardens don’t need watering or pruning and they hate fertiliser. Indigenous gardens look like the veld; the plants are stringy, dull and slow-growing. There aren’t many kinds of indigenous plants available, and that limits design, at best, to a scrubby ‘bushveld chic’ with thorn trees, aloes and rockeries. LEFT ABOVE: Red-tipped Cotyledon orbiculata contrasts with grey-leafed succulents in a drought-tolerant garden. (Pic: Durrheim) LEFT: Salvia chamelaeagnea should be cut back hard after flowering. (Pic: Durrheim) SA Gardening April 2006 23

INDIGENOUS MYTHS EXPOSED

Scadoxus multiflorus subsp. katharinae does well in low-maintenance shade gardens. (Pic: Durrheim).

Locally indigenous (endemic) plants will thrive best in similar micro-environments to the ones in which they naturally occur. Pictured here is an erica. (Pic: Otto).

Maligned! Libeled! Luckily the poor things don’t deal with lawyers! My own Mum actually repeated a formula much like the one above, and she’s not generally vindictive! Let’s be fair about how these tales originated: it really is convenient to make a low to no maintenance garden with rocks, aloes and agapanthus. Gardens like that have their place, how else would we be able to green up those spaces that no one really loves such as traffic circles and stations? Be that as it may, indigenous gardens can be designed in any style from the lushly tropical to the dainty country-style, or the sculpturally formal – the only limit is your imagination!

Love and attention > Just about any plant starts to look stringy and dull if it’s never cared for. Our indigenous beauties also appreciate a little love and attention. ‘What a plant tolerates and what it likes are two different things’ is one of my favorite maxims and one that is particularly true when it comes to watering. Drought tolerant plants don’t want to be watered too often, but when they are watered, the water must penetrate the soil so that the roots can absorb it. Water is a basic requirement for plant growth, and just about nothing can go without water indefinitely, so when it’s very dry and hot, water will help keep drought tolerant plants from stressing and losing quality.

Red-hot poker (Kniphofia praecox). (Pic: Shirley-Carr)

If you use locally indigenous plants, and place them in similar micro-environments to the ones in which they naturally occur (for example, north slope, exposed, in protected crannies and so on), you can be reasonably certain that they will tolerate most climatic extremes. A little help from the gardener may help to limit stress during extreme times such as droughts, but the garden, once established, should at least survive whatever nature throws at it. You won’t work as hard as you do in your rose garden, but you’ll still have to nurture your plants through trying times.

‘‘

24 SA Gardening April 2006 Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 64

Indigenous gardens definitely don’t need to be boring! With 25 000 species countrywide, we have plenty from which to choose

’’

Erica bauera likes an airy, sunny position with well-drained soil. (Pic: Durrheim).

Buddleja salviifolia is a natural re-sprouter and can be rejuvenated by cutting it down to ground level after flowering.

Indigenous gardens can be designed in any style, from the lushly tropical to the dainty country-style, or the sculpturally formal – the only limit is your imagination! (Pic: Yates. Lifestyle Garden Design Show 2003) SA Gardening April 2006 25

INDIGENOUS MYTHS EXPOSED Pruning > Then there is the vexed question of pruning: to cut or not to cut, how far down to cut, when to cut. A question that becomes so vexing that many gardeners decide that what they don’t do, they can’t do wrong! Generally speaking, most plants give a better show when reasonably frequently pruned. In the wholesale nursery business, we often find that the plants which we use for ‘mother stock’, and which are repeatedly trimmed for cuttings, become our prize specimens. A good rule of thumb is to prune fine-leafed, fast-growing and frequently flowering plants lightly and regularly, even during flowering if needed. Broader leafed plants such as plumbago and tecoma are more forgiving and can be pruned harder and less regularly depending on the desired shape. Certain plants such as Buddleja salviifolia, leonotis, hypoestes and Protea cynaroides are natural re-sprouters and can be rejuvenated by cutting down to ground level after flowering. In general, you won’t prune plants (except for deadheading) during flowering unless they are unbearably out of shape. Some plants flower non-stop, so there’s no point in waiting for them to be out of bloom! Although most indigenous plants don’t have high nutrient requirements, the ‘tolerates versus likes’ adage is apt here too. In the wild, many plants do not reach their genetic potential because of drought and under nutrition. As home gardeners, we naturally want the best out of our plants. South African soils are generally poor, so fertilising in spring and summer with a good, slow release organic or chemical fertiliser will reap rewards. If plants gradually turn yellow-green and grow very slowly, it’s a sure indication of some kind of stress. Fertilising will quite likely improve matters even if the stress was caused by some other factor. Indigenous gardens definitely don’t need to be boring! With 25 000 species countrywide we have plenty from which to choose. Fynbos is famous, but grassland often conceals delightful flowering plants and shrubs. As awareness of indigenous gardening and demand for indigenous plants grows, more and more species are added to the huge range already grown commercially. Encourage your local garden centre to stock locally indigenous plants by actively looking for them. Andrea Durrheim is an indigenous plant expert working at New Plant Nursery in George. Contact her on andrea@newplant.co.za

RIGHT ABOVE: The feathery foliage of restios add fine texture to the gharden. (Pic: Durrheim) RIGHT: Selago cotymboso. (Pic: Durrheim)

SA Gardening April 2006 27

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 66

The Art of Still Life

with flowers

A wee posy from my garden by Clare Colins

To Bake Or Not To Bake, Whether 'Tis Nobler in Mind to Eat The Potato , Or Plant It... by heatherfriedman

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 68

A Jug Of Lilacs & Godetia Bouquet by Sandra Foster

The Bouquet & Still life by Hans Kawitzki

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 70

A Touch of Spring &

Spring Narcissus by Jacky Parker

Work Bench by phil decocco

Soul Mates by Marilyn Cornwell

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 72

Untitled by Jay Reed

Picked for Grandma by bubblehex08

Country Bouquet by Sherry Hallemeier

Limelight hydrangea in Vase by KSKphotography Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 74

Can you recognize these famous artists paintings of Still Life with flowers

Fig 1

Fig 2

Fig 3

Fig 4

Fig 5

Fig 6

Fig 7

Fig 8

Fig 9

Answers on next page

Did you recognize these famous artists paintings of Still Life with flowers Fig 1 Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568–1625), Bouquet (1599), Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Some of the earliest examples of still life were paintings of fl o w e r s b y N o r t h e r n Renaissance, Dutch, and Flemish painters.

Fig 2

Fig 3

Hans Memling (1430–1494), Vase of Flowers, (1480), Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid. According to some scholars the Vase of Flowers is filled with religious symbolism [7]

Caravaggio

Fig 6 Rachel Ruysch, Still Life with Flowers on a Marble Tabletop, 1716

Fig 7 Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), Sunflowers or Vase with Fifteen S u n fl o w e r s ( 1 8 8 8 ) , National Gallery (London)

(1571–1610), Basket of Fruit, (c. 1599), oil on canvas, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, Milan, Italy

Fig 4

Juan Sánchez Cotán (1560–1627), Quince, Cabbage, Melon and Cucumber (1602), San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego

Fig 8

Édouard Manet (1832-1883), Carnations and Clematis in a Crystal Vase (1883), Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Fig 5 Hans Gillisz. Bollongier (c. 1600-1675), Flower Piece, (1644), Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem, Netherlands. The top flower was always the most expensive one and in this bouquet it is the tulip Semper Augustus

Fig 9 Henri Fantin-Latour ( 1836 – 1904) White Roses, (1875)

Fig 1, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Brueghel_the_Elder

Fig 2, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Memling

Fig 3, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caravaggio

Fig 4, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Sánchez_Cotán

Fig 5,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Gillisz._Bollongier

Fig 6, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachel_Ruysch

Fig 7, ,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_van_Gogh

Fig 8,, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Édouard_Manet

Fig 9, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Fantin-Latour

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 76

Garden Tripod Welcomes Katie Freeh

Katie Freeth is a professional horticulturist with international experience in landscape management, horticultural knowledge and application, staff supervision and management, all s u p p o r t e d b y o rg a n i z a t i o n a l , communication and administrative skills. Katie is an accomplished lecturer, horticulture consultant and freelance writer. Katie is based in the Adelaide Area, Australia

rose & elm

Škfreeth

My roses are looking tired – in fact, if I’m really honest, they look exhausted. But I’m really not surprised; after all they have struggled for 15 years without a winter rest – in other words without the rest provided by winter dormancy. Prune roses in autumn or winter here and they grow again almost instantly – full foliage and flowers within a couple of weeks! I inherited my roses with my house, situated in South Australia (about 50km south of Adelaide) – where the climate is usually typified as a “Mediterranean”; described as having an average of 56 rain days, predominantly in a cool mild winter, with one month averaging below 15° C and hot, dry summers with an average of 17 days with temperatures above 35° C. This means that winter here is a far cry from the icy blasts found in the native homes of most rose species such as Iran; Central Asia (Afghanistan); China; Europe; North America.

The Culture of Plants

L et’s

temporarily forget about the precise origins of plants and look at plant culture – or that which is better termed “plant lore”. Let’s temporarily forget about the precise origins of plants and look at plant culture – or that which is better termed “plant lore”. From ancient times, plants were taken from one location to another for medicinal, culinary, textile and dying uses. A traveller to unknown shores took with them plants which were known to be useful – after all the plant or a local equivalent might not be at the destination. More than that was the very familiarity of those plants and that they conjured images of the home left behind. At the destination, how much easier for the traveller to continue to use familiar plants rather than seek out a local equivalent.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 78

Katie Freeth

The only true catalyst for that was if one’s own plant failed. And so an imported plant became a “cultural” feature of subsequent generations of a migrant population in their new home. If growth and propagation were successful, many of these plants became naturalized at their new destination – blurring geographical boundaries This is evidenced all over the world where new land has been settled by numerically large migrant populations, such as the Americas and Australasia. But it is also p e r p e t u a t e d b y t o d a y ’s p e r i p a t e t i c individuals emigrating for a change in “lifestyle” or a work related destination. The English, for example, have a long association with roses – think the historical royal houses of York and Lancaster, recorded as fighting under the emblem of a white and red rose respectively; on the eventual settlement of their differences they united under the emblem of the Tudor or English Rose. But while there are rose species native to England, (Rosa canina and R. arvensis; R. pimpinellifolia; R. spinosissima; R. rubiginosa, Rosa eglanteria) the roses we associate with English gardens are generally bred from European species such as Rosa gallica (southern/central Europe; Turkey) or Rosa x damascena (a cultivated hybrid from the Middle East, possibly referencing Damascus in Syria).

palm & rose

Lavandula angustifolia (syn. L. officinalis) is usually given the common name of English lavender. It is native to the Mediterranean and Near East, particularly the Pyrenees and similar hillsides. Syringa vulgaris (the common lilac) another plant synonymous with English gardens is in fact native to the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe. Thus both are, in fact, “exotic” species in England. Please note that I use here the terms “exotic” describing non-native plants and “naturalized” describing plants established as a part of the flora of a locale other than their place of origin. So as migrants, do we take with us t h e p l a n t s t h a t o ff e r c u l t u r a l familiarity, or cultural heritage? I believe that it is the former. Katie Freeth

Big Blue enjoying my garden! by Ruth Lambert

Flutterflies Butterfly! by aprilann

Yellow Swallowtail in a Blackeyed Susan Boquet by Ron Russell A Monarch on a Buddleia Blossom by SummerJade

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 82

Sunday Visit by Eileen McVey

Butterfly by Alberto DeJesus Wonderful world....(2) by Bob Daalder

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 84

Spotted Fritillary by marens Butterfly macro by Nicole W.

Can't Take My Eyes Off You by Yool The world welcomed me today... by autumnwind

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 86

new dates arriving soon

Question Corner

Q. A.

with Richard Fenwick

Why is soft plant material more prone to aphid damage? Soft plant material is formed either when a plant is under stress; e.g. poor light levels and/or when high levels of nitrogen a present in the compost e.g. over feeding. The cuticle is reduced and this allows a sap sucking insect like an aphid to easily feed upon the plant material.  

Some background information.

Aphids have been in ecosystem for 280 Million Years, there are 500+ aphid species in Britain and they can be found in many colours including; green, black, white, pink, yellow or mottled.   Also included in this group are; Woolly beech aphid & woolly aphid which cover themselves with a fluffy white waxy secretion, this is mainly used for protection.   Size is approx 1-7mm long and they feed on many [if not all] ornamental plants, fruits, vegetables glasshouse plants & houseplants. Some aphids also have the ability to transmit viruses; this is a particular problem on strawberries, raspberries, tomatoes, cucumbers, dahlias, tulips and sweet peas.   Aphids are very inefficient feeders losing +80% of there intake this they excrete as a sticky substance (honeydew) on the foliage. This encourages the growth of sooty moulds reducing photosynthesis and weakening the plant further.  

Control

Daily monitoring the main key for controlling pests including aphids. Using the yellow sticky cards can be an advantage; because you can use these for monitoring [aphid count each day] and also for control especially in an organic system.  

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 88

Natural predators include;

Other forms of control include;

Ants feed on the honeydew and can kill aphids if there numbers are out of control however I would not rely on them to control this pest for you.

High power water wash or soapy water, this is safe, cheap and can be effective on a small scale and various insecticides which often deal with a wide range of pest problems and are currently on the market. Please be mindful if you are going to use an insecticide and read the instructions carefully before application.   New forms of control can also be found on the market include; special polytunnel skins or covers which inhibit elements of the light spectrum reducing the aphids vision and directional movement. Richard Fenwick

Encouraging Ladybirds/Larva & Lacewings into your growing area would be an advantage; they are fantastic feeders of aphids and can eradicate large numbers. Attracting this kind of help can be found by planting the correct shrubs in or around your growing area e.g. buddleia for Ladybirds or collecting these helpers from other parts of the garden. Some years are more prolific than others therefore on the lean years Ladybirds can be purchased on line from about £15 for 12 and can help boost predator numbers. In commercial glasshouses biological control is taken even more seriously with greater focus being on monitoring. It’s always a careful balance to strike between having too many pests and periodicity having too few. Many of the biological controls will die if they do not find any food [aphids] and at £20 per card you could be throwing your money away. An example of this is Aphidius spp a parasitic wasp which lays its eggs within aphids or Aphid Midge larva which paralyses aphids.  

Ladybird mid-larva stage by missmoneypenny Note .. images shown in this editorial are not to scale

Round Up by Gabrielle Lees

Please Note: Views, comments are my own and any products discussed in this article are not endorsed by myself or Garden Tripod Magazine.

If you have a question for Richard Just send an e mail to

gardentripod@yahoo.com

Please say where in the world you are sending from, along with images you have taken yourself that may be shown as part of the reply. Please label your email Question Corner Richard will reply to one question each month in the Garden Tripod

Question Corner

with Richard Fenwick

Round Up by Gabrielle Lees

Ladybird mid-larva stage by missmoneypenny Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 90

a feast of aphid honey by Clare Colins

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 90 Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 92

Paper ~ Wood ~Trees Evolution Šsentimentum

World changing technology

enables crops to take nitrogen from the air A major new technology has been developed by The University of Nottingham, which enables all of the world’s crops to take nitrogen from the air rather than expensive and environmentally damaging fertilisers. Nitrogen fixation, the process by which nitrogen is converted to ammonia, is vital for plants to survive and grow. However, only a very small number of plants, most notably legumes (such as peas, beans and lentils) have the ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere with the help of nitrogen fixing bacteria. The vast majority of plants have to obtain nitrogen from the soil, and for most crops currently being grown across the world, this also means a reliance on synthetic nitrogen fertiliser.

Nitrogen fixation, the process by which nitrogen is converted to ammonia, is vital for plants to survive and grow. Professor Edward Cocking, Director of The University of Nottingham’s Centre for Crop Nitrogen Fixation, has developed a unique method of putting nitrogen-fixing bacteria into the cells of plant roots. His major breakthrough came when he found a specific strain of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in sugar-cane which he discovered could intracellularly colonise all major crop plants.

Professor Ted Cocking from The University of Nottingham with a plant which is able to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere

This ground-breaking development potentially provides every cell in the plant with the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. The implications for agriculture are enormous as this new technology can provide much of the plant’s nitrogen needs.

Nitrogen pollution is a major global health hazard A leading world expert in nitrogen and plant science, Professor Cocking has long recognised that there is a critical need to reduce nitrogen pollution caused by nitrogen based fertilisers. Nitrate pollution is a major problem as is also the pollution of the atmosphere by ammonia and oxides of nitrogen. In addition, nitrate pollution is a health hazard and also causes oxygen-depleted ‘dead zones’ in our waterways and oceans. A recent study estimates that that the annual cost of damage caused by nitrogen pollution across Europe is £60 billion — £280 billion a year.1 Speaking about the technology, which is known as ‘N-Fix’, Professor Cocking said: “Helping plants to naturally obtain the nitrogen they need is a key aspect of World Food Security. The world needs to unhook itself from its ever increasing reliance on synthetic nitrogen fertilisers produced from fossil fuels with its high economic costs, its pollution of the environment and its high energy costs.”  

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 94

A natural and environmentally friendly solution N-Fix is neither genetic modification nor bioengineering. It is a naturally occurring nitrogen fixing bacteria which takes up and uses nitrogen from the air.  Applied to the cells of plants (intracellular) via the seed, it provides every cell in the plant with the ability to fix nitrogen. Plant seeds are coated with these bacteria in order to create a symbiotic, mutually beneficial relationship and naturally produce nitrogen. N-Fix is a natural nitrogen seed coating that provides a sustainable solution to fertiliser overuse and Nitrogen pollution. It is environmentally friendly and can be applied to all crops. Over the last 10 years, The University of Nottingham has conducted a series of extensive research programmes which have established proof of principal of the technology in the laboratory, growth rooms and glasshouses.   The University of Nottingham’s Plant and Crop Sciences Division is internationally acclaimed as a centre for fundamental and applied research, underpinning its understanding of agriculture, food production and quality, and the natural environment.  It also has one of the largest communities of plant scientists in the UK.  

Significant implications for agriculture Dr Susan Huxtable, Director of Intellectual Property Commercialisation at The University of Nottingham, believes that the technology has potentially major implications for the agricultural industry, she said: “There is a substantial global market for the N-Fix technology, as it can be applied to all crops. It has the power to transform agriculture, while at the same time offering a significant cost benefit to the grower through the savings that they will make in the reduced costs of fertilisers. It is a great example of how University research can have a world-changing impact.” The N-Fix technology has been licensed by The University of Nottingham to Azotic Technologies Ltd to develop and commercialise N-Fix globally on its behalf for all crop species.

The potential to help feed the developing world Peter Blezard, CEO of Azotic Technologies added: “Agriculture has to change and N-Fix can make a real and positive contribution to that change. It has enormous potential to help feed more people in many of the poorer parts of the world, while at the same time, dramatically reducing the amount of synthetic nitrogen produced in the world.” The proof of concept has already been demonstrated. The uptake and fixation of nitrogen in a range of crop species has been proven to work in the laboratory and Azotic is now working on field trials in order to produce robust efficacy data. This will be followed by seeking regulatory approval for N-Fix initially in the UK, Europe, USA, Canada and Brazil, with more countries to follow.   It is anticipated that the N-Fix technology will be commercially available within the next two to three years. For details about the commercial opportunities for N-Fix, visit www.azotictechnologies.com

Dr Philip Stone from The University of Nottingham tending to the plants undergoing the atmospheric nitrogen fixation trials

He Came To Me In A Dream And All At Once Beauty Was Defined... by Ainsley Kellar Creations

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 96

My name is Mario Donk. I am a Fine Artist / illustrator. I live on the central coast about 90 Km north of Sydney Australia. From this pleasant location I work in my studio “Mario Donk Artworks� producing both Fine art and specializing in illustration, concept art, 3D images and 3D animation.

Garden Tripod Welcomes Mario Donk

Mario Donk shares his method of digital painting using the Corel Painter 12 paint program.

This is a step by step shot of a painting I am doing Digitally, using the Corel Painter 12 paint program. So mistakes and all as otherwise it would not be real and would be a waste of everyone’s time . So I start out with an idea then I develop it on paper and also do some extra scribing in digital, the drawing gets scanned and edited till it looks right.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 98

Note that there are many variations on ship angle , it just helps to get a feel for it.

Next the scanned drawing is put on a layer, you can have this layer at the bottom as you would in traditional painting where eventually the drawing is under the paint or float it above and throw it away later, set the layer to multiply or set it to Corel’s Gel layer it does the same thing making the paper see through.

Started laying in the sky on a layer I called sky, you don’t need to be on a layer, I just am. I have a middle tone brown background that will likely not show in the finished work but gets ride of the white so one can get the colour intensity more correct.

What medium? does it mater? It just maters that the paint behaves as you wish and that your paint brush leaves the type of mark you want and that includes setting its opacity to something other then 100% as I don’t want full cover, I also find a streaky brush gives me both as in solid colour and transparent color all in the one stroke almost like a form of dry brush, then I can build the tone more painterly rather then putting down solid colour as who knows where or what is to go there until one has laid down a lot of colour.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 100

www.artbymariodonk.com

Note the sky is not finished but its time to get the sea in so I do that on another layer, later I put the sky and sea on the same layer. The next is some more steps that are difficult but one keeps painting even when its not looking right, you just keep at it.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 102

The water is starting to get there, lots more coming, check back later. No magic here it’s just as painting a painting on canvas you just don’t need to wait for it to dry or set for the next layer, by the way this work is 5000px wide. What I mean by no magic means no tricks. As regards Painter 12, its brilliant, and that’s saying a lot as I am mostly a traditional painter.

More work on the sea and moving more to the right side. I have the drawing turned off to see what it actually looks like. I keep turning it off and on. I want the right side of the sea to recede into the distance and the wave crests all have a vanishing point to the left so this help put depth in it Well actually the left vanishing point is in the middle (almost). As for what brushes am I using, As I said before , does it matter? basically any brush that gives the look I want for that part and as for medium, that’s actually a silly point, there is no medium, anything will do that looks right, watercolor, ink, oil whatever looks right as there is entirely no medium here you are b a s i c a l l y s i m p l y ( a p a r t f ro m painting) trying to get a look you want and as all the digital mediums work mixed as they only have names such as oil or acrylic to give you a rough idea of what they may do. So as there is no medium you may as well use what you need. This naturally implies that you should know what it is your trying to create image wise, as its all about the image, not the material. Some major change to the wave to the right of center. I pushed the foreground part more to the right where it was originally, it got changed in shape as I painted the previous step. Partly to do with my palettes being in the way on the right and being too lazy to move them.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 104

Ok time to work on the dingy. Here it is, now to do some extra drawing on a layer to figure out how this will look, as the actual dingy will be about 50 mm printed there is not going to be a lot of detail in the face other then main form, basically no more info then one would expect to see at the distance the person is so, not a lot but what does show has to be totally convincing as that’s all we got to work with.

Ok, now he is sitting more dynamically considering his situation the last looked too relaxed. Still need to twist him in the direction of the ship perhaps, head and upper torso with his right hand attempting a wave, or is it. As you will see‌

Will probably go with this or something like it. No, stay tuned, this is not it ether, he looks like he is on a picnic.

Now we are getting closer, more to go.

Now he's looking better, life jacket and all, now to get the sea mine in proportion. Back to the guy in the dingy.

You could make a custom palette but I did not this time. I am working on the top layer, set to Gel cover, Why? well I started painting the person with overlay as seemed a good idea but went and tried every option and found gel cover in this instance gives me the color I want and allows me to color the pencil lines below it called Man2. If its too bright I can knock its saturation back later. Can’t tell now as he is going to be competing with the color of the dingy shortly, at some later point it all gets dropped into one layer but at present its easier to have elements in layers. What brush you say? I have no idea, let me check… I am using the Fine round Gouache with opacity set at 47%. As I said its not unlike painting with real

material as then I am not aware of what brush I used ether, I just grab what seems suitable, if not I grab another. And remember to step back. I do I actually get up off my seat and walk back 8 feet or so to look at it and also zoom in and out a lot as you really don’t want to put in detail that’s not seen or it ends up ruining the overall impression. The only reason I zoom in , in this case 300 to 400% is to paint in there as its pretty small. No your not going to see buttons, your not going to see someones toes from that distance, perhaps you will see a nose, certainly if in silhouette. But don’t get carried away with detail as it will result in a figure that does not fit in as does too saturated color as now but that gets changed later.

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 106

Now I copy my pencil layer but only the dingy and I make a dingy paint layer set to gelcover as that seems to work well for this. and paint the dingy which at present is sitting above the water layer, then I drag both dingy paint layer and its pencil layer below the water layer and we can see it through the section I left unpainted but now go and gently modify the hole in the water so the dingy seems to sit part way in it, thinning some of the waves so the dingy color shows through, and I add water in the dingy as its bound to be filling in that sea and gravity will see it drain out the lower part. Soon this will need all dropping to the same layer but not before the ship is sorted, and the mine.

www.redbubble.com/people/mariodonk

Now to do the ship, once they are all in place I will play with the various intensities of the colors to knock them back most likely be de saturate but perhaps some blue. Yes I will finish the painting of the guy later. No idea what color the mine would be, if it was me I would camo it to look like water but most likely they are black, so added some red, possibly under paint and or rust.

Changed the layer transparency of the mine to about 78% so thats 23 % transparent. Which loses some of the nice color but gets just a tad of the wave textures to it and knocks back its prominence as it is in your face but is not where I want you to look. It gives it the more fitting into the watery haze look, you have to try what works, make it too transparent and it will look transparent and that’s not what we want. Note that in painting an iron ball in the water, its going to be wet and will shine and reflect its surroundings, the top reflects sky and waves as from this view your seeing a low angle reflection. this in itself makes it look odd in shape due to the reflections on part of it but white has to be used sparingly here so its all in the colors of the sea behind it, you will notice this was also the case before I made it a little transparent.

www.corel.com

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 108

You may have noticed that I am not using an under painting here. Normally I always do but sometimes not. Every time I don’t do an under painting at some stage I really regret that I did not do one. Funny thing is I never regret doing an under painting. It makes it way more difficult to paint without one, it works but you need to think of too many things at once without an under painting as

you messing with color and well as trying to create the tone so that it has the correct depth. I will put a note on the wall never to omit doing an under painting, But I bet I will still try my luck without one at times.

So there it is. I think it works, am happy with it. The one drawback with digital is that its way to small when its all on the screen, it needs printing out to actually see it. As for the texture in the smoke, I like it, its not an imitation of paint so it does not bother me that the smoke is not something one can paint with a standard paintbrush in

real. As long as we do not see jagged pixels , any mark can work. its not about paint, there is no paint. Its purely about expressing a feeling in a graphic form and I feel I did it well and Painter pretty much allowed me to work any way I wanted. By the way, the title of the work is PRECARIOUS

Now working on the ship, it was brighter but knocked it back with the dodge tool. needs more detail but here is the start of it.

The finished painting which unfortunately is way too small here as its meant to be some 33 inches wide.

Connect to Mario Donk in RedBubble

www.artbymariodonk.com

www.redbubble.com/people/mariodonk

www.corel.com

Precarious by Mario Donk

Garden Tripod 14 ~ page 112

Fractal Science by Ross Hilbert Garden Tripod would like to apologize to Ross Hilbert for these misdirected links in the July issue of his feature. Hourglass I

Fractal Science Kit Image Gallery Fractal Science Kit Tutorials Fractal Science Kit Examples Fractal Types

Solar Snowflake

Pewter and Brass III

Wheel of Illusions I

Pot of Gold

Connecting the Dots

Canine Notice Board

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‘Safe in our hands’

The Newsletter for Friends and Supporters of the Saluki Welfare Fund Edited by: C. Mclenahan

Spring/Summer 2013

The mission of the

Saluki Snippets

Angel On Call Dog Rescue, Inc

the Saluki Welfare Fund, in the UK.

Rescue, rehab and re-home, in the Northwest Ohio area. http://angeloncalldogrescue.org

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twitter @aocdogrescue

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For details of how to subscribe please send an e-mail to: salukisnippets@yahoo.com

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Contributors: Editor & Treasurer TheAgency C Mclenahan Cover image A wee posy from my garden by Clare Colins   News Hound Pattern #1 by HolyOther

Flutterflies

Big Blue enjoying my garden! by Ruth Lambert Butterfly! by aprilann Yellow Swallowtail in a Blackeyed Susan Boquet by Ron Russell A Monarch on a Buddleia Blossom by SummerJade Sunday Visit by Eileen McVey Butterfly by Alberto DeJesus Wonderful world....(2) by Bob Daalder Spotted Fritillary by marens Butterfly macro by Nicole W. Can't Take My Eyes Off You by Yool The world welcomed me today... by autumnwind

The Art of Still Life with flowers

Welcome New Members

Andrew Coogan Touchstone21 Emily Freeman Photography debraroffo Richard Eijkenbroek Uttiya Majumdar John Thurgood Yevgeni Kacnelson Jon Unsell Sam Burchell WhiteDove Studio kj gordon rue2 jessiejoe Chris Chalk Sandra Caven hinting Gordondon Jeanne McRight Justine Gordon Adrian Kent Kathryn Jones

Exhibitions & News

Celeste Mookherjee Bev Woodman Jacki Stokes A wee posy from my garden by Clare Colins ienemien by heatherfriedman A Jug Of Lilacs & Godetia Bouquet by Sandra Foster The Bouquet & Still life by Hans Kawitzki Nicole W. A Touch of Spring & Spring Narcissus Richard Fenwick by Jacky Parker Andrea Durrheim Work Bench by phil decocco Katie Freeh Soul Mates by Marilyn Cornwell The University of Nottingham Untitled by Jay Reed Mario Donk Picked for Grandma by bubblehex08 Country Bouquet by Sherry Hallemeier Limelight hydrangea in Vase by KSKphotography Barbara Brown

Features by

Spotlight feature

Random

Evolution ©sentimentum He Came To Me In A Dream And All At Once Beauty Was Defined... by Ainsley Kellar Creations

Sunshine Challenge Catalogue Wild Prairie Sunflowers In Profusion by WildestArt Japanese Gardens by PhotosByG It was a bright day by EbyArts Woodend in Winter VIC Australia by Margaret Morgan (Watkins) Bee and lavender by Morag Anderson Zabulon Skipper Butterfly - Poanes zabulon by MotherNature Journey to the Center of the Sun by hummingbirds Worshiping the Sun ~ It’s Only Natural by SummerJade Summer by wolftinz Basking in the Sun! by heatherfriedman Magnolias in Bloom by cclaude Beach on Oahu by CADavis Sunday Visit by Eileen McVey Bronx Botanical Gardens, New York City by Alberto DeJesus Place to Gather by Lotus0104 My Garden Rose by Sandra Fortier What Are YOU Doing In MY Garden? by Vicki Spindler (VHS Photography) Afternoon Delight by Barbara Brown Beauty is everywhere by Mui-Ling Teh twins by vigor Standing Together by Bette Devine Reaching by Fay270 Zinnia by marens Yellow Day Lily by Rosemary Sobiera Stoney Bottom - A Garden in Bridgetown, Western Australia by Elaine Teague sky blue by dinghysailor1 Orange Rusty Sun Flowers by Sandra Foster Sun of the Garden by rosaliemcm Garden Splash...Newport Oregon....AS IS by trueblvr Pink Petticoats by Jacki Stokes Branch in the sunlight by Arie Koene Beach Flowers by EmilyFreeman Maximilian Sunflower by Jan Tribe Lilliput Lane Cottage, Lake District, England, by AnnDixon Pink Wednesday by JuliaPaa Cosmos in the sunshine by Celeste Mookherjee Backlit by John Thurgood Sunflower Swirls - I by Marilyn Cornwell Lavender in Light by Michael John Arizona Poppies by Lucinda Walter Hot in the Sun by Joy Watson Sunlit Passion by Lozzar Flowers & Art Three Trees - Butchart Gardens by Yannik Hay BabyFence by WhiteDove Studio kj gordon Rose pink by Richard Eijkenbroek Vintage Lilac by Yevgeni Kacnelson Blue Geranium 2 by MagsWilliamson Sunflower 4 by baneling Shining Through by ShotsOfLove Hope Between the Thorns by paintingsheep Spring is alive by debraroffo Summer in the Garden by lezvee Wild Rose by sherln

All The Materials Contained May Not Be Reproduced, Copied, Edited, Published, Transmitted Or Uploaded In Any Way Without the artist/ photographers Permission. These Images/writings Do Not Belong To The Public Domain. All images and information within the Garden Tripod magazine are the responsibility of the owner/artist/writer/photographer & not the Garden Tripod magazine 2012-2013


Garden Tripod 14