Gambling Insider May/June 2023

Page 1

The benefits of AI are countless. But have we truly considered its impact on the current workforce and its hidden business risks?

May/Jun 2023 THE REGULARS Several returning Gambling Insider columnists discuss the latest trends ROUNDTABLE LATAM & EUROPE Gambling Insider explores existing and potential regulations across both Continuing on from our main theme, industry experts discuss AI




Julian Perry EDITOR

Tim Poole


Matthew Nicholson

Lucy Wynne

Robert Prendergast


Brendan Morrell


Olesya Adamska, Christian Quiling


AI. It ain't going away, is it?

Its use within the gambling industry is increasing ever-more, so too its frequency in every-day use across all facets of life.

Is this necessarily a good thing? From an e ency point of view, 100%. From a moral point of view? That's a different story – and, luckily for me, not one I really have to answer in this edition's cover feature (page 32). This being a B2B gambling magazine, we aren't too interested in whether AI will take over the world just yet. If you're a movie bu , you're probably already convinced it will, anyway.

In said cover feature, I present my initial thesis to OPTX's Steve Bright, while also including contributions from Sportradar's recent White Paper on the topic, essentially questioning whether AI might cause businesses a few problems before the gambling industry can truly reap the rewards of its advantages. The technical term I use for this is "deskilling." The layman's term is downright laziness. For, if workers now have AI programs that can do their job for them, what is to stop them from doing nothing beyond letting AI do their work for them? We've seen such examples, even here...

It's a complicated topic and one our contributors cover well. AI is also the subject of our Roundtable (page 62), while a number of our regular columnists are out in force through the body of the magazine, tackling the industry's hottest topics as always.

You'll see below we have dedicated special mention to Johnny Aitken and Anton Yakovenko. It has to be said these are for two very di erent reasons. Aitken is a key gure in our spread on page 28 – a timeline of PointsBet's US operations. Despite seemingly making a lot of progress in North America (and spending heavily on marketing), the operator recently announced a strategic review with a view to potentially selling its US operations, re ecting just how tough it is for brands to actually break into the market Stateside.

Yakovenko, meanwhile, has made a successful transition to the US – thanks to the support from his employer Eclipse Gaming that allowed him to leave war-torn Ukraine. During a time of negative headlines, especially in Ukraine, his is a heartwarming story we can all do with – and its our pleasure to bring you some real human news in this issue (page 44); separate, of course, to our traditional blend of data, business insight, and online product and casino oor discussion.

TP, Editor


Radostina Mihaylova, Svetlana Stoyanova, Gabriela Baleva


Mariya Savova


Julia Olivan


Oleksandra Myronova


Tom Powling


Deepak Malkani

Tel: +44 (0)20 7729 6279


Michael Juqula

Tel: +44 (0)20 3487 0498


Aaron Harvey

Tel: +1 702 425 7818


Ariel Greenberg

Tel: +1.702 833 9581


William Aderele

Tel: +44 (0)20 7739 2062

Irina Litvinova

Tel: +44 207 613 5863

Martin O'Shea

Tel: +44 (0) 207 729 0643

Serena Kwong

Tel: +44 (0)20 3435 5628


Michelle Pugh

Tel: +44 (0)20 7739 5768


Rachel Voit


Fantini Research, GBGC, Alex Donohue, Jack Mansell, Steve Bright, Sportradar, PointsBet, Alex Czajkowski, Carl-Fredrik Stenstrom, Anton Yakovenko, Steve McDonald, Ignacio Iglesias, Hugo Llanos, Dr Joerg Hofmann, Sverker Skogberg, Richard Williams, Richard McCall, Mike Ward, Malcolm Atuona, Anton Komukhin, Joe Hall, Rasmus Kjaergaard, Mridula Saini, Olga Ivanchik, Jonny Bennet, Ashot Sahakyan, Gil So er, Frank DiGiacomo and Charlie Johnson

Gambling Insider magazine ISSN 2043-9466

Produced and published by Players Publishing Ltd

All material is strictly copyrighted and all rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is forbidden. Every care is taken in compiling the contents of Gambling Insider but we assume no responsibility for the e ects arising therefrom. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher.

Julian Perry, COO, Editor-in-Chief JONNY AITKEN CEO USA, PointsBet ANTON YAKOVENKO Eclipse Gaming Tim Poole, Editor



08 Facing facts

Gambling Insider takes a closer look at various facts and figures from Asia-focused operators from their fourth quarter and full-year results for 2022

14 In numbers

In partnership with Gambling Insider, Fantini Research provides US data


GBGC, the global gaming data expert, provides exclusive statistical data to Gambling Insider from markets around the globe

22 Taking stock

We track Asian operator stock prices across a six-month period


26 The B2B Cheltenham review Press Box's Alex Donohue and Jack Mansell join the GI Huddle to discuss this year's Cheltenham Festival


28 Global Gaming Awards Las Vegas

Gambling Insider previews the Global Gaming Award Las Vegas, which celebrate their 10th edition this year


30 AI: Evolving or deskilling?

With insight from OPTX and Sportradar, Gambling Insider Editor Tim Poole explores the benefits and potential costs of AI to the labour force


36 PointsBet – A US timeline

Gambling Insider looks at PointsBet's journey through the US gambling market, as it looks to sell off its North American operations

38 Don't underestimate the power of doing nothing

Regular Gambling Insider contributor Gustaf Hoffstedt discusses the intentions of politicians and how this – unfairly, he argues – impacts gambling policy

56 54 50


sports bettors

Regular Gambling Insider contributor and marketing expert Alex Czajkowski talks about the imortance of live sports streaming

54 Can we afford it? Armalytix CEO Richard McCall and Executive Chairman Mike Ward talk with Gambling Insider about affordibility checks

58 Big Question

Will cryptocurrencies ever be the preferred payment method?

62 Roundtable Industry experts explore the hot topic of AI and how it is used in their businesses. Gift & Go, IKASI, Softswiss and Mindway discuss...


How many European countries have similar ideas on regulation? Dr Joerg Hofmann, Sverker Skogberg and Richard Williams all have their say

70 Jonny Bennet Realistic Games

71 Ashot Sahakyan Relum

72 Gil Soffer Galaxsys

73 Frank DiGiacomo Gaming Industry Group


74 What's new on the market? GamblingInsidertakes a close look at some of the exciting products that are now available on the casino oor


82 Charlie Johnson VP, International at Digital Element

moving forward 42 Going into
Stenstrom discusses how the Norwegian monopoly is being erased 44 From Kyiv
Georgia (USA)
Insider talks to Anton Yakovenko about leaving Ukraine amid
ongoing war 48 The calm before the carnival Gambling Insider explores Brazil's slow march towards sports betting and its regulation status
50 Regulating Europe
71 82

MGM China FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)


Gambling Insider takes a closer look at various facts and figures from Asia-focused operators from the fourth quarter and full year 2022

MGM China FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

MGM China revenue (HK$ billion)

Source: MGM China

• MGM China saw a decrease of 44% in full-year revenue, and a decrease of 44% in Q4 revenue year-on-year

• Revenue decreases came after a third year of consecutive lockdown in Macau, as imposed by mainland China

Sands China FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

Sands China revenue (HK$ billion)

Sands China FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

Source: Sands China

• Sands China saw a fall of 44% for FY2022 compared to FY2021

• Q4 2022 revenue, however, rose 72% from Q4 2021

15 20 25 10 5
Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 5.3 1.37 9.4 2.45
Revenue (HK$ billion) 15 20 25 10 5 0 12.51 22.42 2.02 3.4 1 15 20 25 10 5
Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 5.3 1.37 9.4 2.45
Revenue (HK$ billion) 15 20 25 10 5 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 12.51 22.42 2.02 3.4 Revenue (HK$ billion) Revenue (HK$ billion)

Wynn Macau & Palace FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

Wynn Macau & Palace FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

Wynn Macau & Palace revenue (HK$ billion)

Source: Wynn Macau & Palace

• Wynn Resorts’ Macau operations, from both Wynn Macau and Wynn Palace, were down a marked 52% year-on-year

• For Q4 2022 specifically, revenue decreased 42% year-on-year


Galaxy Entertainment revenue (HK$ billion)

Galaxy Entertainment FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$

Source: Galaxy Entertainment

• Galaxy Entertainment suffered losses in Macau, too, in a trend which saw the region’s operators lose significant revenue year-on-year

• The operator’s full-year revenue decreased 42% year-on-year; its Q4 revenue also dropped 39% year-on-year

15 20 25 10 5 20 25
Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 5.65 11.84 2.55 1.49
billion) Revenue (HK$ billion) 15 10 5 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 16.34 11.47 4.03 2.9 4 SJM Holdings FY2022
FY2021 revenue/Q42022
billion) 5 15 20 25 10 5 20 25
against Q42021 revenue (HK$
Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 5.65 11.84 2.55 1.49
Entertainment FY2022
Revenue (HK$ billion) 15 10 5 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 16.34 11.47 4.03 2.9 SJM Holdings FY2022
Revenue (HK$ billion) Revenue (HK$ billion)
revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)
against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against
revenue (HK$ billion)

SJM Holdings FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

SJM Holdings revenue (HK$ billion)

Source: SJM Holdings

• Q4 2022 revenue decreased 47% year-on-year for SJM Holdings

• Full-year revenue represented a decrease of 37%

Melco FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

Melco revenue (HK$ billion)

Melco FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion)

Source: Melco

• Melco’s full-year 2022 revenue dropped HK$5.17bn, while Q4 saw a decline of HK$1.13bn

• Results play into a wider trend of year-on-year declines for Macau-based operators

Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 8.36 6.1 1.87 1.27 5
Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 15.76 10.59 3.77 2.64 6 20 25 15 10 5 20 25 15 10 5 SJM Holdings FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (HK$ billion) Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 8.36 6.1 1.87 1.27
Revenue (HK$ billion) 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 15.76 10.59 3.77 2.64 6 Bloomberry Resorts FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (PHP billion) 7
Revenue (HK$ billion) Revenue (HK$ billion)

Bloomberry Resorts FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (PHP billion)

Bloomberry Resorts FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (PHP billion)

Bloomberry Resorts revenue (PHP billion)

Source: Bloomberry Resorts

• The 2022 picture is far different in the Philippines, with full-year revenue up 81% year-on-year

• Q4 2022 revenue for the operator, which managed the casino resort Solaire, also rose 84% from the prior-year period

Genting Berhad FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (RM billion)

Genting Berhad revenue (RM billion)

Genting Berhad FY2022 against FY2021 revenue/Q42022 against Q42021 revenue (RM billion)

Source: Genting Berhad

• Malaysia-based Genting Berhad has seen full-year 2022 and Q4 2022 increase from 2021, much like Bloomberry Resorts in the Philippines

• This paints a picture of wider recovery in Asia for 2022, as opposed to Macau which continued its downward trend amid Covid-19 restrictions

• More recently, Macau has started to return to strength; this will be better reflected in 2023 data. 2022 remained a tough year

Revenue (PHP billion) 30 40 50 20 10 30 40 50 20 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 27.6 50.1 2.35 14.7 7
Revenue (RM billion) 10 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 13.5 22.4 4.8 6.4 8
Revenue (PHP billion) 30 40 50 20 10 30 40 50 20 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 27.6 50.1 2.35 14.7 7
Revenue (RM billion) 10 0 FY 2022 FY 2021 Q4 2022 Q4 2021 13.5 22.4 4.8 6.4 8 Revenue (PHP billion) Revenue (RM billion)


In partnership with Gambling Insider, Fantini Research data examines March sports betting revenue for the states of Maryland, Missouri and Ohio

Maryland: In reporting its sports betting revenue for March, Maryland has seen steadfast growth in its online and handle sectors, with online posting a near-17% monthly rise. However, its retail results were less positive, dropping 65% compared to the month prior.

Online Revenue (M) Market Share Change (%) vs. February FanDuel (FLTR) $25.3 54.5 +9.0 DraftKings (DKNG) $12.8 27.6 +17.1 BetMGM (ENT, MGM) $5.0 10.8 +47.4 Caesars (CZR) $1.7 3.7 +37.9 Barstool (PENN) $0.7 1.6 +45.3 PointsBet (PBH) $0.5 1.1 +99.0 BetRivers (RSI) $0.2 0.5 +85.5 Total $46.4 +16.9 Partner Revenue (M) Market Share Change (%) vs. 2022 FanDuel (FLTR) Live! (Cordish) $25.3 53.1 +1,4 DraftKings (DKNG) $12.8 26.9 N/A BetMGM (ENT, MGM) MGM National Harbor $5.8 12.2 +393.8 Caesars (CZR) Horseshoe Baltimore $1.9 4.0 +231 Barstool (PENN) Hollywood $0.8 1.7 +280.1 PointsBet (PBH) Riverboat on the Potomac $0.6 1.2 N/A BetRivers (RSI) Bingo World $0.3 0.6 N/A Betfred Long Shot's $0.2 0.4 N/A TwinSpires (CHDN) Ocean Downs $0.2 0.3 -10.6 Greenwood Greenmount $0.02 0.1 N/A Fanatics Washington Commanders $0.0 0.00 N/A Total Revenue* $47.6 +1.1 Total Handle $384.9 +1.1


Handle Revenue (M) Market Share Change (%) vs. February FanDuel (FLTR) $176.5 47.7 +12.0 DraftKings (DKNG) $115.5 31.2 +15.0 MGM (BetMGM) $38.0 10.3 +14.4 Caesars (CZR) $20.6 5.6 +28.7 Barstool (PENN) $10.6 2.9 +7.8 PointsBet (PBH) $4.1 1.1 +0.4 BetRivers (RSI) $3.8 1.0 +15.00 Total $370.3 +14.00 Retail Revenue (M) Market Share Change (%) vs. February MGM (BetMGM) $0.8 58.7 -33.6 Caesars (CZR) $0.2 14.0 -67.6 TwinSpires (CHDN) $0.2 11.6 -10.6 Barstool (PENN) 0.1 4.7 -70.4 BetRivers (RSI) $0.6 4.5 N/A PointsBet (PBH) $0.04 2.7 N/A Betfred $0.03 2.4 N/A Greenwood $0.02 1.6 N/A FanDuel (FLTR) $0.00 0.00 -100.0 Total Revenue $1.3 -65.5 Total Handle $15.7 -49.5
Maryland continued


Missouri: It was a level month overall for Missouri’s iGaming market, as it reported a circa 1% increase year-on-year, with Isle of Capri – Boonville posting an 8% monthly rise in revenue.

Finally, in Ohio, the Miami Valley Gaming racetrack reported a near-10% rise in monthly revenue, with Belterra Park falling by 6% in the same period. However, overall, racino revenue climbed by circa 2%.


Partner Revenue (M) Change (%) vs. February Isle of Capri - Boonville (CZR) $8.6 +8.1 Casino KC (BALY) $11.6 +3.8 Hollywood St. Louis (PENN) $22.5 +1.6 St. Jo Frontier (Affinity) $4.6 +1.3 River City (PENN) $23.7 +0.8 Ameristar SC (BYD) $26.9 +0.4 Horseshoe St. Louis (CZR) $14.3 -0.9 Ameristar KC (BYD) $18.3 -0.9 Argosy (PENN) $15.7 -0.9 Cape Girardeau (CNTY) $6.5 -3.3 Harrahs NKC (CZR) $16.3 -3.5 Mark Twain (Affinity) $3.4 -4.8 Century Casino Caruthersville (CNTY) $4.5 -5.9 Total $176.8 +0.05 Ohio racino revenue Revenue (M) Change (%) vs. February Miami Valley Gaming (CHDN/Del North) $22.3 +9.7 Hollywood Mahoning Valley (PENN) $14.9 +3.3 Hollywood Dayton (PENN) $14.7 +2.9 MGM Northfield Park (MGM) $26.4 +1.1 Scioto Downs (CZR) $21.4 -1.2 Thistledown (JACK) $17.4 -0.6 Belterra Park (BYD) $8.1 -6.3 Total $125.2 +1.8


The graph shows gross gambling yield (GGY) of land-based and online casinos in Switzerland for the period 2015 to 2021 in millions of Swiss Franc.

• Switzerland opened its online gambling market to private competition in July 2019, when the regulator issued its first licence.

• Online casinos took a small percentage of the overall casino GGY in the initial year (3%), but the number grew to 29% during the Covid-19 pandemic (2020) and 37% in 2021.

• In April 2023, the number of online casino operators reached 11, while there are 21 land-based casinos.

• Online casino games can only be offered by established land-based casino operators, while online betting (and lotteries) are offered by two state-owned companies in Switzerland.

The graph shows horseracing handle in Kentucky for the period 2010-2022, in millions of US dollars.

• To help the falling horseracing industry, the legislator legalised historical horseracing machine (HHRs), also referred to as "instant racing machines," in 2011.

• Although the machines resemble slots, instead of randomising the outcome of a play, the HHRs replay races that have already been run.

• HHR handle took 6% of total handle in its initial year, climbing to 57% in 2016, and 92% in 2022, proving that the machines are a major source of revenue for the industry.

• There are seven US states where HHR machines are live: Alabama, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Hampshire, Virginia and Wyoming.

20 GAMBLINGINSIDER.COM 600 500 400 800 700 300 0 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 682 23 742 187 452 234 406 690 681 704 Switzerland Online Casino GGY (2015-2021)
The Netherlands Online Gambling GGY (Q4 2021 - Q2 2022) (€m) 1 2 100 150 50 250 200 0 Q4 2021 Q1 2022 Q2 2022 46 60 59 6 9 9 134 171 178 186 240 246 Global Betting & Gaming Consultants (GBGC), the global gaming data expert, provides exclusive statistical data to markets from
around the globe;
Kentucky Horseracing Handle (2010-2022) (US$m)
Switzerland Online Casino GGY (2015-2021) (CHFm) Land-based casino GGY Online casino GGY Poland Sports Betting Handle (2014-2021) (PLN bn)
6,0 8,0 10,0 12,0 4,0 2,0 0,0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2010 2011 2012 2013 1.0 1.3 1.7 3.4 3 4 100 150 50 250 200 0 Q4 2021 Q1 2022 Q2 2022 46 60 59 6 9 9 134 171 178 186 3.8 1.3 5.4 1.4 6.2 253 9.1 1.5 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 8 000 2 000 1 000 0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Horseracing handle Historical
Kentucky Horseracing Handle (2010-2022) (US$m) horseracing machine handle

Poland sports betting handle (2014-2021) Polish Zloty (PLN bn)

This graph shows sports betting handle in Poland for the period 2014-2021, in billions of Zloty. Association (IBIA)

• Although the online sports betting market was legalised already in June 2011, only locally established operators could participate.

• Following law amendments, foreign operators gained access to the market only in 2018.

• Online sports betting handle took up 74% of total handle in 2018, climbing to 86% in 2021.

• As the online market took of, operators began to downsize their land-based presence.

• In 2017, there were over 2,500 betting shops, falling to below 1,000 in 2023.

The Netherlands online gambling GGY (Q4 2021-Q2 2022) (€m)

This graph shows gross gambling yield (GGY) from the Netherlands online gambling market for the period Q4 2021-Q2 2022, in millions of Euros.

• After a lengthily legislative process of online gambling legalisation, which started in 2013, the market finally went live on 2 October 2021.

• Banked casino games (roulette, baccarat, blackjack, slots) took the largest part of the overall revenues in the Q2 2022-72%, followed by betting (24%) and non-banked games such as poker with a 4% share.

• In April 2023, the number of online operators reached 23, with 22 of those licensed for online casino games, 13 licensed for sports betting and eight for horseracing betting.

West Virginia sports betting handle (2019-2022) (%)

The graph shows retail and online sports betting handle in West Virginia for the period FY 2019-FY 2022, as percentage of total handle.

• After legalisation in 2018, retail sports betting launched in the state in August 2018, followed by the online/mobile launch in December 2018.

• Already in FY 2019, online handle was US$133m (vs US$125m in retail handle), climbing to US$482m in FY 2022, when retail handle was just US$117m.

• As of April 2023, there are five retail sportsbooks at the state's casinos and 10 online/mobile sportsbooks licensed.

casino games GGY Total GGY Internet sports betting handle 600 500 400 800 700 300 0 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 682 23 742 187 452 234 406 690 681 704
Land-based sports betting handle
GGY Non-banked casino games GGY Banked
The Netherlands Online Gambling GGY (Q4 2021 - Q2 2022) (€m)
6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 4.0 2.0 1.0 1.3 1.7 3.4 2 3 100 150 50 250 200 0 Q4 2021 Q1 2022 Q2 2022 46 60 59 6 9 9 134 171 178 186 240 246 3.8 1.3 5.4 1.4 6.2 253 9.1 1.5
Poland Sports Betting Handle (2014-2021) (PLN bn)
West Virginia
(2019 - 2022) (%) 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2010 2011 2012 2013 1.0 1.3 1.7 3.4 3 4 5 Q4 2021 Q1 2022 Q2 2022 94% 6% 48% 52% 31% 69% 19% 81% 3.8 1.3 5.4 1.4 6.2 253 9.1 1.5 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 8 000 2 000 1 000 0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Poland Sports Betting Handle (2014-2021) (PLN bn) Kentucky Horseracing Handle (2010-2022) (US$m) West Virginia Sports Betting Handle (2019 - 2022) (%) 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2010 2011 2012 2013 1.0 1.3 1.7 3.4 3 4 5 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 2018/19 2019/20 2020/21 2021/2022 94% 6% 48% 52% 31% 69% 19% 81% 100% 3.8 1.3 5.4 1.4 6.2 253 9.1 1.5 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 8 000 2 000 1 000 0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
sports betting handle Retail sports betting handle
Poland Sports Betting Handle (2014-2021) (PLN bn) Kentucky Horseracing Handle (2010-2022) (US$m)
Sports Betting Handle


Gambling Insider tracks Asian operator stock prices across a six-month period (November 2022 to April 2023). The opening stock price is taken from the first day of each month

• Six-month high - 9.50 (April)

• Six-month low - 6.90 (November)

• Market capital - PHP 97.49bn (US$1.78bn)

• Six-month high - 2,463 (April 2023)

• Six-month low - 2,032 (November 2022)

• Market capital - JPY 197.52bn (US$3.11bn)

• Six-month high - 4.60 (January 2023)

• Six-month low - 2.42 (November 2022)

• Market capital - HK$26.35bn (US$3.36bn)

• Six-month high - 54.80 (March 2023)

• Six-month low - 36.30 (November 2022)

• Market capital - HK$28.19bn (US$3.59bn)

BLOOMBERRY RESORTS SJM HOLDINGS UNIVERSAL ENTERTAINMENT GALAXY ENTERTAINMENT OPERATORS Galaxy Universal SJM Holdings 10 BLOOMBERRY RESORTS 8 6 4 0 November PHILIPPINE PESO December January March April February SUPPLIERS 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 0.00 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 2,600 2,400 2,200 2,000 0.0 November JAPANESE YEN December 60.00 50.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January OPERATORS Galaxy Universal SJM Holdings 10 BLOOMBERRY RESORTS 8 6 4 0 November PHILIPPINE PESO December January March April February SUPPLIERS 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 0.00 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 2,600 2,400 2,200 2,000 0.0 November JAPANESE YEN December 60.00 50.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December Galaxy Entertainment Universal Entertainment Holdings RESORTS January March April February March April February 2,600 2,400 2,200 2,000 0.0 November JAPANESE YEN December January March April February 60.00 50.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February Galaxy Entertainment Universal Entertainment Holdings RESORTS January March April February March April February 2,600 2,400 2,200 2,000 0.0 November JAPANESE YEN December January March April February 60.00 50.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February




• Six-month high - 9.05 (February 2023)

• Six-month low - 3.17 (November 2022)

• Market capital - HK$38.82bn (US$4.95bn)

• Six-month high - 30.00 (February 2023)

• Six-month low - 13.86 (November 2022)

• Market capital - HK$216.9bn (US$27.63bn)

• Six-month high - 10.00 (February 2023)

• Six-month low - 3.15 (November 2022)

• Market capital - HK$35.34bn (US$4.5bn)

Six-month high - 13.94 (February 2023)

Six-month low - 6.02 (November 2022)

Market capital - US$5.29bn

SUPPLIERS Melco Resorts & Sands 10.00 8.00 12.00 6.00 4.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 10.00 8.00 12.00 6.00 4.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 28.00 30.00 26.00 24.00 20.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January 12.00 14.00 10.00 8.00 6.00 0.0 November US DOLLAR December January SUPPLIERS Melco Resorts 10.00 8.00 12.00 6.00 4.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 10.00 8.00 12.00 6.00 4.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 28.00 30.00 26.00 24.00 20.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December 12.00 14.00 10.00 8.00 6.00 0.0 November US DOLLAR December Melco Resorts & Entertainment Sands China March April February March April February 28.00 30.00 26.00 24.00 20.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 12.00 14.00 10.00 8.00 6.00 0.0 November US DOLLAR December January March April February Melco Resorts & Entertainment Sands China January March April February March April February 28.00 30.00 26.00 24.00 20.00 0.0 November HONG KONG DOLLAR December January March April February 12.00 14.00 10.00 8.00 6.00 0.0 November US DOLLAR December January March April February


Press Box PR Managing Director Alex Donohue and Press Box PR Director Jack Mansell speak to Gambling Insider Editor Tim Poole about this year’s Cheltenham Festival, how bookmakers fared and future aspirations for horseracing’s showpiece event

Overall, did operators have a good or bad Cheltenham Festival?

Alex Donohue: I think they had a great Cheltenham. I’ve got a couple of statistics here, for which I must credit Regulus Partners as the source. But it looks like the bookies had a great Cheltenham overround, which was up 16%. Margins were up and I think that’s down to the field sizes. We had 444 runners this year, compared to 405 last year. That means the average field size was 15.9, nearly 16. Simplistic bookmaking mathematics suggests the bigger the field size, the more overround, the more margin there is and the better that would be for bookmakers in the long term.

Results were better than they have been in previous years: there were eight winning favourites from 28 races, down from 12. I think it’s fair to say that bettors generally didn’t have a great Festival. It looked like a pretty torrid run of results in the middle of the week. I think on Tuesday there were a fair few punter-friendly horses that went in, Wednesday was okay and, on Thursday, the punters definitely drew a blank. On Gold Cup day, although the favourite did win the Gold Cup, there were a couple of results that went more in favour of the bookmaker. So, from looking at the statistics I have here, it looks like it was a pretty profitable Cheltenham.

Anecdotally, speaking to a couple of the bookmakers and affiliates we’re close to, it sounds like there was a real strong uptake of betting interest from recreational customers and people that don’t normally bet on horseracing. This is a really key thing for Cheltenham being a shop window for the sport. Average stakes, meanwhile, were pretty healthy; I think there was some suspicion

that stakes might be declining a little bit, possibly due to cost of living, possibly due to people wanting to have a bet on more of the races and spread their entertainment value around. But it looks like the bookmakers did well, margin-wise and also did really well in terms of attracting a new audience coming to bet on horseracing – which stands the sport in great stead for the future.

the full video online

Yes, on the Friday, I do remember the 66-1 shot that triumphed, which was definitely one of the more unexpected results...

AD: If you hadn’t backed the winner of the Gold Cup and were looking to try and redeem yourself in the Foxhunters Chase, I don’t think many people were able to use that to their advantage when the 66-1 shot came in. But that’s what makes Cheltenham brilliant. It’s the biggest and best horses – but of course, they don’t always win. I think the unpredictability and sporting drama is what makes it such an appealing sporting event, and therefore betting event. If all the big horses turned up and won every single time, we wouldn’t get these big field sizes because the others wouldn’t want to come and give it a go. And it’s these big field sizes that ultimately make it an entertaining proposition and more profitable for the industry as well. So long may that continue.

Do you have any insights into brands that did particularly better than others, or some that weren’t quite as profitable as some of their competitors?

AD: It’ll be interesting to see what comes out in the wash now in the quarterly reports and the varying statements in the City, thereafter, for some of the bigger listed groups. Some of the groups that have already reported post-Cheltenham have reiterated what I mentioned there that the numbers were healthy: lots of the factors they look for in terms of cross-selling the sport as a betting opportunity to new audiences are pretty healthy, as well. Generally speaking, if the bigger firms are having a good Cheltenham, everyone will mostly have a

good Cheltenham, unless anyone makes some sort of misjudged marketing offers. But that’s another point to make. Actually, in previous years, Cheltenham seemed a bit of a race to the bottom in terms of marketing offers. Bookmakers were giving too much away in a bid to attract customers. This year, you saw the industry collectively rein that in and there weren’t as many generous bonuses – without seeming to dampen the uptake. That, of course, is great news for operators, marketing department budgets and margins. They don’t feel like they have to give so much away to get people interested in betting on Cheltenham.

So a positive, profitable Cheltenham for operators – which isn’t always the case... But even if bookmakers don’t necessarily make money at Cheltenham, the marketing draw can bring customers in for the rest of the year. Was that very much the case this year, with the added bonus that operators were in the red?

Jack Mansell: I think it’s very encouraging, Tim, to see that there is growing cut-through for the sport into the mainstream. That’s got to be good, not just for betting operators, but also for the sport’s long-term prosperity. It’s raising the eternal problem of how you capitalise on the interest the Festival provides and creating either repeat customers from a betting point of view, or repeat spectators coming to the course. Clearly it’s incumbent upon Cheltenham as a showpiece fixture in the calendar to deliver on both those fronts. The early indications are that it certainly has from a betting point of view.

And time will indeed tell, now that we’re out of Covid-19 pandemic restrictions, as to whether we can capitalise on this audience. But seeing Rachael Blackmore on the front pages and on the evening news can only be a good thing for the marketing of the sport – for the benefit of everybody.

Given what you’ve both said here, is it fair to say Cheltenham has succeeded in appealing to a wider audience this year?

first-hand from working in a racecourse that really the bottom-line requirement is to get punters through the door, and that customer experiences tend to have been overlooked for racing fans for quite a long time. I think clearly limiting the numbers on each day has helped alleviate a lot of the issues Cheltenham was facing, with long queues for bars, long queues to get in and out of the racecourse, etc. So, I think what we have to keep in mind is discretionary spend for everybody right now is tight and so we need value for money for those who attend. It must be seen to be driving value for them and I think Cheltenham in its approach has attempted to appeal to the masses... but also given them a customer experience they would expect, whether they’re going for a day at the races or a day at Premier League football.

JM: Yes, I think credit must go to the Jockey Club and the authorities at Cheltenham for doing all they can to widen the interest in the sport. They took a bit of a risk at the start of the week with that DJ Cuddles Roar Remix, which for the traditionalists probably goes against the grain slightly. But I’m a great believer that racing needs to try new things, and test and learn. Clearly, those sorts of initiatives did generate lots of coverage outside the sport, which can only be a good thing for raising awareness. I think credit must also go to the authorities for making the brave call to improve the customer experience. Because I know

grain slightly. But I’m a great believer that

JACK MANSELL Press Box, PR Director


The Global Gaming Awards Las Vegas are back this October – for the 10th time

The Global Gaming Awards are the most prestigious in the gaming industry due to the strict rules and procedures put in place during the shortlisting and voting processes. Companies can only be nominated once per category, meaning that if they have multiple brands, only one of said brands can be nominated in a particular category.

In addition, every company and individual are nominated for a specific reason which is made publicly available. Finally, the winners are chosen by over 100 C-level industry executives with only one executive per company allowed to participate in the voting process. And if that’s not enough, KPMG in the Crown Dependencies independently adjudicates the voting process to ensure all is fair.

The Global Gaming Awards Las Vegas will

recognise the strongest performers from the Americas across the previous 12 months. The event will have 14 company categories rewarding operators and suppliers, and one category dedicated to the individual whose efforts drive their company and the industry forward – American Executive of the year.

“This year’s Global Gaming Awards Las Vegas are extra special for us,” said Gambling Insider and Gaming America Editor-in-Chief Julian Perry. “Not only has the US gaming industry shown phenomenal growth, but this year we’re celebrating the 10th edition of our flagship Awards event.

“We didn’t know what to expect when we first launched the Awards in 2014 and it’s amazing to see the respect our event

has gained, the companies’ excitement to just be nominated, the executives who agree to participate in the Judging Panel, and the number of people who attend the presentation ceremony,” he added.

The Global Gaming Awards Las Vegas are powered by leading B2B-gaming publications Gambling Insider and Gaming America KPMG in the Crown Dependencies is the official voting adjudicator.

BetConstruct is the Lead Partner of the event, and category sponsors include IGT, Bragg Gaming, Aristocrat Gaming, Interblock Gaming, CasinoTrac, Light & Wonder, EGT and Kambi. Shortlisted companies will be contacted in July, and the winners will be revealed at a luncheon ceremony on Day 1 of G2E 2023, 9 October.





With expert industry insight from suppliers OPTX and Sportradar, Gambling Insider Editor Tim Poole explores whether the implementation of AI might bring some bumps in the road for gambling’s labour force... Not because humans fear AI will take over the world – but because they might be too eager to let AI do their work for them


In addressing artificial intelligence (AI), one of the most-discussed concepts in the world right now, Gambling Insider almost asked ChatGPT to write this article for us. Now, while that’s only a joke, its message presents a concept that mirrors the issues wider society is facing today. Are students getting lazier, when ChatGPT can get them through their college assignments? Are content producers getting worse, because they are letting Grammarly do their job every day? Are humans, overall, evolving through AI, or are they becoming deskilled – because new software can do so many of their daily tasks for them?

These are some of the primary considerations we’re undertaking in this cover feature of the May/June edition of Gambling Insider magazine. While ChatGPT did not write this article, we have no shame in admitting we used transcription software in helping produce the piece. Even if that software is, at this stage at least, incomplete. Were humans not on

hand to double check its output, the following pages would be littered with errors. An unerring example? “Hi there,

Tim Poole here” is regularly transcribed by AI as “Hi there, Temple here.” In the wider context of AI, beyond the mere writing of this article, there is of course an infinite list of benefits that have been brought to gambling companies; benefits that would have been unimaginable as recently as 10-15 years ago. Both sportsbooks and casinos – online and offline – can now use AI in sophisticated new ways that do not replace humans yet make their jobs easier, creating the potential for huge financial efficiencies.

But, if that potential is to be realised in the long term, what happens to companies and their human employees along the way? Across the world, there is also the potential for decline. Before AI can realise its true potential for gambling (and other) companies, could simple laziness and human nature cause problems for organisations looking to fast forward into the future? Speaking to OPTX, which specialises in using AI to enhance land-based casinos, and Sportradar, which

specialises primarily in online sports betting and data, we explore the phenomenon in-depth and ask: AI – is it truly evolving business technology, or simply deskilling those within it?


We’ve all seen the movies over the years. AI has been a contentious topic since the likes of The Terminator hit cinema screens in 1984, The Matrix in 1999, I, Robot in 2004 (and many other, even earlier examples). However, there has been a spout of AI – and particularly ChatGPT – related headlines of late. Not least was news that broke at the very time of writing this article. In early May, Geoffrey Hinton, known colloquially as the ‘Godfather of AI,’ left Google and told the New York Times of his regret at pioneering work that paved the way for systems just like ChatGPT. He is quoted as saying: “I console myself with the normal excuse: If I hadn’t done it, somebody else would have;” and “I don’t think they should scale this up more until they have understood whether they can control it.”

"What we’re working on at OPTX is really more of the co-pilot rather than the autopilot, in the sense of it’s trying to automate a lot of the boring math and data, and present you with some recommendations and predictions"


people will just sit in their apartments and watch the AI-generated ‘RoboKardashians,’ and some will write poetry, paint pictures and volunteer to help kids in their community learn to read.”


Indeed, were we to dig deeper into the morals involved here, we could still be writing come the May/June issue of 2024. But when it comes to the business case of AI, the gambling industry certainly offers a useful case study. First off, we spoke to Steve Bright, VP of Data Science at OPTX, to pitch our initial thesis: that, before we can ultimately see the utmost of AI’s vast benefits, its advancements may end up having an adverse effect on the very human labour force it is designed to enhance. While Gambling Insider is fully aware one or two examples cannot represent the planet’s eight or so billion people, we present Bright with a recent case: candidates for writer roles scored poorly on a proofing test went on to openly say they thought this was acceptable because Grammarly or ChatGPT would find the mistakes for them if they got the job. “Wow,” Bright replies.“Yeah, that’s funny that these are folks with English degrees or some sort of humanities background want to earn a living dealing with the written word. And yet that’s fascinating.”


He continues: “Theoretical physicists and mathematicians are using computers a lot, so the interaction between the person and the machine will fundamentally change in that, rather than you doing these things manually, like multiplying 7-12 digit numbers together with a pen and paper, that is no longer a skill you need. The computer just does that for you; perhaps basic structural grammar is also going to go that way? Then the value add of an editor or a writer is trying to understand how to connect emotionally with the audience or the reader. Is that a different skill set? I would think of this less as deskilling and more as different skilling.

“Could AI ever get to a stage where it’s doing more artistic things, like playing a musical instrument? I would want to see AI do certain things, like if you can train ChatGPT to write jokes. Let’s see an AI be consistently funny and try to create a funny story. Are we close to having AI completing end-to-end content? You can imagine a world where all of your entertainment content is written by AI, so the question is how good does AI have to be before it displaces all other entertainment? And that’s probably hard to do. It’s probably not going to happen any time soon. It’s also possible that AI-generated information and entertainment eventually dulls the senses of humanity.

“This could happen to a point where you’re in this brave new world-type scenario where nobody’s intellectually engaged with anything. I think that’s probably pessimistic. But certainly some portion of humanity will take that route of not engaging intellectually, though most people, or at least enough people, will still want to retain some kind of intellectual engagement with the world just because it’s enjoyable. You can easily imagine a dystopian AI-curated future where people have their basic needs met. But I think it’s gonna depend on people, right? Some

Delving into some recent ChatGPT-related headlines with Bright, there are real extremes on either side of the scale. In Italy, for example, the AI program was banned due to privacy concerns. And, yet, on 28 March, live event and virtual production studio Mobeon appointed a Chat GPT-based AI as its CEO, while around the same time the first fully AI-driven podcast was launched. On the Italy news, Bright rightly points out that the likes of the UK or US are nowhere near to banning ChatGPT. And, on the CEO news, the OPTX executive says it’s “definitely worth a try” for a firm, although the real tricky job – in Bright’s opinion – is that of who would carry out that AI CEO’s wishes. It’s a “fascinating” consideration for the exec.

Back to his thesis on “different skilling,” Bright is keen to emphasise why AI does not necessarily “deskill” a worker, applying it specifically to the casino floor – where OPTX plies its trade. He tells Gambling Insider : “Certainly, the ability to effectively interact with an AI and use it is probably going to be more important than primary skills for some things in the future. At OPTX, our concern is in the domain of: if you have a slot machine on the floor, I want to know what will happen if I move this machine over to this location or if I change this machine from game theme A to game theme B. Via AI, that certainly is a huge value add to the industry, and it’s something that doesn’t really exist in the industry now. So we’re quite proud of it. But it’s not in the same realm as ChatGPT or anything like that.

“What we’re working on at OPTX is really more of the co-pilot rather than the autopilot, in the sense of it’s trying to automate a lot of the boring math and data, and present you with some recommendations and predictions. They’re not going to be right all the time because the underlying data is not going be completely right with things like ChatGPT, either. It’s based on text that’s on the internet. Well, that’s easy – you just throw the entire internet at it. That’s your training set and it’s the same for something like a casino operation. The source data is not clean, and it’s not complete, and the biggest value add that OPTX brings again is not really the AI part. What we bring is taking data that’s in this different format from all these disparate sources, and putting them in a unified format, which then allows you to do some of this cool AI stuff. The AI is incredibly nuanced

"This could happen to a point where you’re in this brave new world-type scenario where nobody’s intellectually engaged with anything. I think that’s probably pessimistic. But certainly some portion of humanity will take that route of not engaging intellectually" – Steve Bright

and very, very difficult, but also very, very valuable.



On the sports betting side of our industry, provider Sportradar recently published a White Paper titled ‘Don’t get left behind: How AI-powered sportsbooks are shaping the sports betting industry.’ The evidence and projections put forward in this paper were, equally, consistent with the words of the company’s SVP of Managed Trading Services, Darren Small, who recently appeared on the GI Huddle . During that video interview, he echoed some of Bright’s sentiments, suggesting the role of the sports betting trader is now very

different – but very enhanced due to AI. The human trader, he concluded, is still very much in demand, just in a different capacity.

In Sportradar’s White Paper, it references the “breakneck speed” with which AI is growing, suggesting AI technology is poised to become an “integral part” of a sports betting operator’s playbook. According to a Sportradar survey of global bookmakers, as many as 71% of operators believe AI and machine learning technologies will be “game changers” for the betting industry.

In April 2022, Sportradar put its money where its mouth is regarding AI (so to speak), acquiring AI company Vaix. Naturally, Vaix played a key role in its White Paper, with

COO Jay Kanabar outlining where AI works best for the industry – notably in the area of personalisation.

“We’ve classified personalisation as the sexy product because no one’s really doing it, but everyone’s been doing marketing or CRM since day one,” Kanabar explained. “I often say the quick wins are optimising your marketing budget or retention strategy, which is where customers often overlook what they’ve been doing and don’t change things.” AI-driven personalisation models work by detecting patterns in player behavior and using that information to target messages, bonuses and bets more effectively. Bet recommendation models

"Once more, there is no evidence here of AI taking jobs or deskilling with the above practice. It is the operator that still sets the odds at the end of the day. And, as we return to Small for a final word on this, AI helps provide a litany of micro jobs on a macro level"

become key here and certainly allow for a more tailored sports betting experience.

“The more interesting content you see, the likelier you come back,” added Kanabar.

“If you see college football, you might bet twice a week rather than once a week on NFL. And that’s how it increases retention – by showing you content you want to see before you even know it existed.”

Again, what’s important to highlight is the above application of AI does not necessarily impinge on any human labour. Traders can choose to use this technology to their advantage – but they

cannot simply stop trading. Similarly, Sportradar puts risk management and the ability to profile players at the forefront of the benefits AI offers sportsbooks. Its White Paper states: “These technologies allow operators to create sharper, more accurate odds in real time. Self-learning AI analyses

"Yet AI is moving certain aspects of the industry forward at cutthroat speed and one unconditional requirement this does create is the need for adaptation. Traders, content creators and games designers may see their goalposts shift over the next few years"

historical data using sophisticated algorithms, thus giving sportsbooks a better sense of how likely an event is to occur. In turn, operators can set odds accordingly and reduce their exposure to risk. Not only does this help bettors and operators win more often, but it also increases betting activity overall. As a result, the operator can offer better pricing to its customers and maximise its margins.”

Once more, there is no evidence here of AI taking jobs or deskilling with the above practice. It is the operator that still sets the odds at the end of the day. And, as we return to Small for a final word on this, AI helps provide a litany of micro jobs on a macro level. He comments: “If you have more than 12 million active accounts a month that you have to manage, it would be near impossible to profile all of those accounts in a real-time environment and do that process manually. You’ll be more exposed to risk and volatility and you’d be less efficient in your transaction handling and how much profit you take out of each transaction.”


Based on both Optx and Sportradar’s observations, it is interesting to see the consistency of a “different skilling” idea from two very different sides of the industry. On this basis, Gambling Insider is prepared to conclude that AI is not necessarily “deskilling” gambling’s labour force. We have attempted to throw an AI-powered cat among the pigeons with our thesis and the consensus would appear that AI is not hurting anyone’s ability to do their jobs – nor is it necessarily yet hurting their chances of getting a job and instead being replaced by an AI.

Yet AI is moving certain aspects of the industry forward at cutthroat speed and one unconditional requirement this does create is the need for adaptation. Traders, content creators and games designers may see their goalposts shift over the next few years – with AI able to do the most basic parts of their job, perhaps

quicker and more effectively than them. But that ability to connect emotionally with an audience? The ability that really drives sales, brings people to an online sportsbook or casino floor – that’s the real moneymaker and something AI can’t yet do. It’s simply there to help. People must remain as sharp as ever, refusing to overtly game the system by utilising that help, or perhaps that’s when AI will start to be used more with a view to replacing them…


Steve Bright leads OPTX’s Data Science team, which designs, develops, tests, and monitors new Artificial Intelligence (AI) features for OPTX’s data modules. The data intelligence used by OPTX creates actionable recommendations for casino operators, provides real-time individualised insights to ensure that no actionable player is missed, and empowers teams to spend less time compiling the data and more time implementing strategies that increase guest visitation, revenue and profitability.

Prior to joining OPTX, Steve Bright worked as a Data Scientist in many different industries, and has over 30 published papers in fields ranging from Experimental High Energy Physics to Pharmacovigilance (Drug Safety). He also has several years of experience applying Data Science to problems in the Gaming Industry, including Machine Learning (ML) algorithms to forecast and optimise slot floor performance.

Steve holds a B.S. in Physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology and earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Chicago. Steve is also a recreational poker player, gambler and an avid runner. Steve is a long-time resident of Las Vegas where he lives with his girlfriend Julie and two German Shorthaired Pointers, Vonnegut and Joey, who are often running together in training for the next half marathon.

Steve Bright
"Again, what’s important to highlight is the above application of AI does not necessarily impinge on any human labour. Traders can choose to use this technology to their advantage – but they cannot simply stop trading. Similarly, Sportradar puts risk management and the ability to profile players at the forefront of the benefits AI offers sportsbooks"


In April, Australian operator PointsBet announced it is looking to sell its North American operations, despite heavy marketing that had resulted in at least some market share of note. Below, we examine a timeline of the brand’s operations in North America (and mainly the US)

Final Post-Game Show

Jonny Aitken hired as US CEO, becoming PointsBet’s “first employee in the US” NBC and PointsBet sign five-year sports betting partnership worth $500m. NBC takes 4.9% stake in PointsBet as part of the deal Banach Technology acquired by PointsBet for $43m PointsBet and NBC Sports debut exclusive betting integrations into Football Night in America and Peacock Sunday Night Football PointsBet enters New Jersey’s sports betting market National Basketball Association (NBA) legend Shaquille O’Neal hired as PointsBet brand ambassador
PointsBet launches online casino in New Jersey

The operator becomes first US ‘ always on’ sports betting provider and offers live same-game parlay bet types for NFL and NBA

‘Sanctuary’ 30-second advert launched but not featured on TV due to its “edgy nature.” PointsBet mobile app also goes live in Louisiana

The Massachusetts Gaming Commission announces that PointsBet will be withdrawing its temporary licence application for the state

Moelis & Company hired as investment bank to help sell its North American operations

PointsBet launches online casino in West V irginia and adds live casino games to New Jersey portfolio

PointsBet reports 122% increase in total North America net revenue ($93.9m). Turnover totalled $2.4bn

PointsBet launches retail sportsbook in Illinois and mobile sportsbook in Ohio

PointsBet announces US revenue has doubled... but posts net loss of AU$178m (US$119m)

Shaquille O'Neal notably partnered with PointsBet Jonny Aitken, PointsBet, CEO USA


Regular Gambling Insider contributor Gustaf Hoffstedt discusses the intentions of politicians and how this – unfairly, he argues – impacts gambling policy

The Swedish Government’s Covid-19 pandemic intervention in the gambling market has been the subject of much scrutiny. In a recent LinkedIn post, Georg Westin, founder of Hero Gaming, expressed his frustration with the Government’s approach. Westin noted that, while the Covid-19 lockdown did not cause a surge in Swedish problem gambling, the Government had been busy imposing new gaming regulations, including a weekly SEK 5,000 ($4486) deposit limit for online casinos, a requirement for players to specify their login times and a SEK 100 cap on bonuses.

While it is somewhat understandable that the Responsible Gambling Minister, Ardalan Shekarabi, would be concerned about the potential for harmful gambling during a time of isolation and economic distress, it is unreasonable for him to have acted without first ascertaining whether his concerns were warranted.

In the realm of gambling policy, such knee-jerk reactions are nothing new, nor unique to Sweden, but rather a disappointingly common approach in many European jurisdictions, where the act of taking action often becomes more important than solving the problem presented. In the case of the alleged pandemic-fueled increase in problem gambling rates, the first step should have been to ascertain if there was a problem to begin with.

Once the facts were presented in a March 2022 report by the Swedish Gambling Authority, evidence collected from state authorities, problem

gambling associations and academia revealed that the proportion of problem gamblers had not increased compared to the time before the pandemic and the introduction of the more restrictive deposit and bonus limits.

As a former politician, I recognise the situation Shekarabi found himself in. It was not unreasonable to ask whether problem gambling had increased during the pandemic, and that was precisely what journalists in Sweden did. What was the Minister’s solution to this problem, the journalists asked, since most of them did not bother to test the underlying premise.

Minister Shekarabi proved unable to resist the false hypothesis presented to him, and it can even be argued that he capitalised on the gaming industry’s poor reputation to score political points. Who really cares that the Minister acted first and asked questions later? Probably not the average Swede whom I meet in the grocery store or at the hair salon. The only thing most people in Sweden possibly remember is that Shekarabi took the fight to the predatory gambling industry... and that can never be wrong, right?

Unfortunately, by acting on a false hypothesis, imposing onerous regulations and limiting Swedish consumers’ access to legal gambling options, Minister Shekarabi may have inadvertently driven players into the arms of unregulated or illegal gambling operators who prey on vulnerable customers, offer no consumer protections and do not ensure integrity or fair play.

As the pandemic-era limits finally expired in November 2021, and the Government abandoned its plan for a new temporary deposit limit, the Swedish Parliament’s Committee on the Constitution rebuked Shekarabi for his intervention in the gambling market. It is clear that the Minister should have waited for the facts before imposing new regulations on the gambling industry, rather than acting on perceived-but -unfounded concerns.

Ultimately, it is concerning that policies are increasingly judged not by their outcomes but by the intentions of politicians. While it is important for politicians to take forceful action when faced with real problems, it is equally important for them to resist the urge to act on fabricated problems. Instead, they should heed the advice of Winnie the Pooh and “not underestimate the value of doing nothing, of just going along, listening to all the things you can’t hear and not bothering.” I, for one, look forward to the day when a Minister is asked what he or she intends to do about a purported problem and replies, “nothing.”

"In the realm of gambling policy, such knee-jerk reactions are nothing new, nor unique to Sweden, but rather a disappointingly common approach in many European jurisdictions"
Gustaf Hoffstedt


Regular Gambling Insider contributor Alex Czajkowski discusses the increasing importance of live streaming on betting platforms – arguing that it will be as vital as in-play betting as time progresses

Remember in high school asking if the teacher would be grading “based on the curve?” That’s the “curve of normal distribution” and it applies when you’re interviewing for jobs (both ways!), dating and your playerbase. It looks like this our Graph X on page 41.

The centre line is the “norm,” the average and each segment is “one standard deviation” from the “norm.” That’s as technical as we’ll get here. When you have a lot of dates, or a lot of companies to choose from to work for, you can “grade” them on this curve. Those few are on the far left you should join or marry at all costs. The far right, avoid. Most, 68%, will fall somewhere in the middle.

Take any group of players that’s large enough and you’ll see the curve or "normal distribution” apply. Starting from the far left, the first two segments could be called “die-hards,” 16% of your player base, watching sports is their life. The next 34% are “super sports enthusiasts.”

"All streaming services have some degree of lag and varying availability and quality, from HD to, well, tolerable"
Alex Czajkowski

The next 34% “sports fans.” And the last 16% are “sports followers”. You can create your own categorisation labels...

Now their value to you may change significantly in the curve, “diehards" may be killing you, or the “followers” may (you can also grade your players by lifetime value following the same methodology). But here, we’re looking to see how to best engage these segments.

“Die hards” will find the streams for the games they must watch. They’ll go to the end of the Earth to watch them live. At the opposite end of the curve, “followers” may just bet on teams that they have determined to be good bets based on the maths (“the maths work, considering the odds and teams’ performances I’m betting on X”), or emotions (“I always bet for or against my home team”). They may or may not care to see the match; they’ve made up their minds.

It’s that vast majority that are really of interest. How do you get the semi-engaged or less-engaged segments to bet on various sports?

By streaming it to them live.

The biggest firms in sports betting offer live streaming of games – usually only to players with a recent deposit or more strictly a bet on the game. It can be an expensive proposition, but companies like bet365 see a positive ROI for the investment: more time on site, more live betting, more reasons to explore their secondary or tertiary interests (i.e. ping pong, archery, volleyball and smaller football leagues).

Major players like Sportradar and Betgenius provide these feeds at a price that’s unaffordable to most sportsbook operators.

Now, firms like are offering thousands of aggregated streams for smaller books, smaller markets, even grey or darker markets, which are delivered via a worldwide streaming CDN (content delivery network). “Literally every sport, imaginable” they claim; and looking at their demo, it appears true, from US NBA to Puducherry National Doctors League cricket, and from World Masters table tennis to Asian badminton.

Like the big boys, they advise to only allow “qualified” players to watch, not the general public. While the streams can be “integrated” into your sportsbook for ease of navigation, they are delivered on a server separate from your own servers; and of course the streaming section of the site can be branded to match your book.

But unlike the big guys paying $50,000 to $100,000 a month for the service, it’s offered at a fraction of that price ballpark of $5,000 per month for the first 100,000 views.

All streaming services have some degree of lag and varying availability and quality, from HD to, well, tolerable. So with a one to five-second delay on the action, you do have to watch for live betting opportunities that could be taken advantage of. Which team will get the next score or red card is largely safe, the next corner throw in could be trickier.

Even with these qualifications, livestreaming sports does appeal to the sports betting masses in most markets, especially with under-served leagues/sports or in smaller markets. Coincidentally (or is it math?) exactly 63.64% of sports bettors said “yes” when asked “would you like to be able to live stream games on your sports betting site?” The appetite for sport streaming is certainly there. Eventually it’ll be as de rigueur as live betting - no doubt.

Graph X
"It’s that vast majority that are really of interest. How do you get the semi-engaged or less-engaged segments to bet on various sports? Streaming to them live"


The Norwegian gambling monopoly is in the process of being erased due to the grey areas it has knowingly and willfully moved into, writes

The Norwegian gambling debate has for a long time been characterised as partly nonexistent, or partly simplified to stereotypes about the good and the bad. This is now changing. Not least thanks to good journalistic revelations of all the grey areas one would rather not talk about so much, in a world where everything should be black or white.


In a series of articles, Norway’s largest daily newspaper VG has showcased how Norwegian sporting federations make a lot of money by selling viewing rights out of the country. Who pays? Non-Norwegian regulated gambling companies who can offer customers streaming of Norwegian football, volleyball and ice hockey on their websites.

Absolutely fine, says the Norwegian Confederation of Sports, which is otherwise the state-owned Norsk Tipping’s largest beneficiary and the monopoly’s most ardent defender. The reason is that it is sold via an intermediary. Or as Sports Confederation president Berit Kjøll stated in VG on 1 March: “These are a legal business and agreements that are not in conflict with the Norwegian gambling legislation”.

She was supported by responsible Government Minister Anette Trettebergstuen, who,when confronted by the opposition parties, stated on a general basis: “It is not contrary to Norwegian gambling regulations for Norwegian organisations to sell streaming and data rights to foreign agencies, who resell these rights to international gambling companies that block them from being shown in Norway.”


For the Minister, this was a classic Catch 22: If she went against the agreements, she would shake the historic trinity between her

Labour Party, sports and Norsk Tipping. If she supported it, she would in practice be politically sanctioning that Norwegian sports make money from the same non-Norwegian regulated gambling companies she has otherwise stated to be both irresponsible and a threat to problem gamblers. She chose the second option.

Many of the individual athletes who previously had sponsorship agreements with non-Norwegian regulated companies have probably taken note of this. Their agreements were met with both moral condemnation and threats of being kicked out of national teams and tournaments.


We find yet another grey area within the horse trotting sport. In an attempt to prevent further falls in turnover, the private monopoly entity Norsk Rikstoto takes part in pool games where it offers Norwegian customers bets on races organised in other countries. Who is behind this? The same non-Norwegian regulated companies that Norsk Rikstoto, the Ministry and the monopoly-friendly politicians otherwise forcefully distance themselves from. Once again, we are witness to stakeholders within the Norwegian gambling monopoly pointing a finger of condemnation with one hand and accept money with the other.


The real losers in these grey areas are the problem players who are otherwise pushed in front of them. The unison feedback from markets re-regulated to license systems is the value of collaboration: between the licensed companies who together have a far greater share of turnover, between authorities and the companies who together have a far greater share of turnover, between the companies and not least between companies

and treatment environments. Collaboration is the key to everything from effective tools such as to alignment between treatment and research, and development.


The good news is that the more these grey areas are exposed, the more difficult it becomes to continue a debate where everything is presented as black and white. The Netflix hit Troll showed how the Norwegian fairytale creatures, who may seem invulnerable, explode as soon as the sun shines on them. This is also the case with the gaming monopoly: constantly new revelations of double standards make it politically more difficult to defend.

And once it cracks, it can disappear fast. In Sweden, Svenska Spel and ATG themselves opened for a re-regulation, as did Finnish Veikkaus last summer. Both of the two stateowned gaming companies understood the developments in the political landscape and realised that their position in a new regulation would be stronger if it happened before they had lost further market share. In Norway, both Norsk Tipping, politicians and beneficiaries now have sun on them.

“Constantly new revelations of double standards make it politically more difficult to defend”


Eclipse Gaming’s Anton Yakovenko speaks to Gambling Insider Editor

Tim Poole, telling the heart-warming story of how he was able to leave war-torn Ukraine with his wife Kristina and dog Muha. We also hear what it was like for the supplier during the ordeal from Steve McDonald, Senior Director of HR

Thank you so much for joining us Anton. Can you, in your own words, walk us through your story of how you got from A to B, leaving Ukraine and ending up in Georgia working in the Eclipse Gaming office?

Anton Yakovenko: One morning in Kyiv, we woke up to explosions. Nothing can prepare you for that kind of experience; I literally could not control my body. I woke up screaming and I couldn’t understand why – but I couldn’t stop screaming. My body was out of my control. Then, when I calmed down a bit, we heard another series of explosions – and we understood. We understood that, yes, the war has started. There were lot of rumours for the previous two months, but we still did not believe a full-scale war would happen. Our first thoughts were to at least get

some information about what’s happening, because we didn’t know if there were already Russian forces in Kyiv. Was it even safe to go out, or was it safer to stay inside?

Checking social media and different news outlets, we found some information. Then President Volodymyr Zelenskyy also sent his recorded video message and we realised that, yes, while there were no Russian forces in Kyiv yet, it was clear Kyiv would be their main target and we decided to leave. Me and my wife Kristina had two cars and grabbed our most important things, like documents and medication, because I have diabetes. And, of course, our dog – that’s one of the most important parts of our life. We picked up Kristina’s mother and a couple of friends, and

set off to my native town, where my mother and grandfather live. It’s far from Russian borders so it was much safer there. Leaving the same day, it took us about 10 hours to get there, when usually it is at most a four-hour drive.

What were your next steps?

AY: From there, we wanted to move forward and leave Ukraine. The problem here was that Ukraine would not allow men from the age of 18 to 60 to leave the country if they could serve in the army. Because of my diabetes, this normally wouldn’t have been a problem. But when we were at the border with Poland, they said my existing papers were not relevant anymore and that I would have to go through the same process again to determine my ineligibility

Anton & Kristina Muha

to serve. This entire process took about eight months, because I had to go to a hospital, go through a bunch of different doctors, who would all come to their own conclusions.

After a lot of paperwork, eventually we did it. We also won the H1-B lottery, which would allow me and my wife to come to the US. This was actually something we had planned for a couple of years already. But when the war started, we had to move this plan forward. We couldn’t get an actual Visa interview in Ukraine because the US Embassy was closed, so we had to go to a different country to have that interview, leaving Ukraine on 1 October. On 1 December, we received an interview and got Visas. And on 14 December, we actually came to the US. I have to say it was a great relief, although the flight itself was pretty difficult. It was long and we had our dog with us. It was our first experience of travelling with the dog and it had some nuances. After everything, however, we are very happy that we did it. It was a great relief to finally reach safety and to reach this goal we were following for such a long time.

Of course, we still have in our mind that, while we are in a safe place, there is still a brutal war in Ukraine where I have friends who are fighting. It’s something that is always in the back of my mind. It’s great that my story has been highlighted – it’s very good to have some positivity. Yet I think it’s very important to remember that the war is still ongoing. Even though there are now fewer stories about major events in Ukraine, it is still happening. And the fact there is not any major news is only caused by the strong resistance Russian forces are getting in Ukraine. So I’m really grateful for all the support I’ve received.

A question for Steve: from the company’s perspective, what was going through your minds and was there constantly work being done from your side?

Steve McDonald: Yes is the short answer to your question! We’ve worked with Anton for more than a couple of years here at Eclipse. Anton was effectively a contractor for us in the Ukraine and we have definitely leaned on Anton’s skillset over the past four or five years. Anton’s been great all round and that’s one of the reasons we wanted him in the US. The Visa process isn’t just as simple as saying ‘hey, we want to get somebody here’ and magically it happens. There’s a lot of work that goes into it on the company’s end.

We needed to get documents filed, make sure we post a position here in the US, and make sure the

customs and immigration services are aligned on what we’re doing. Once we got an in with the H1-B lottery, it was fantastic because I think one in four people generally are successful with that. We were delighted when we received the news that Anton was successful, because he’s a good guy, good employee, we like him and we want him here. But then, unfortunately, it coincided with the news of the war in Ukraine. Winning the H1-B lottery was the tough part but there was still a lot of work to do after that. We had to make sure Anton could get to somewhere he could have an interview and secure his Visa. We had to carry out logistical arrangements, finding

Anton, his wife and his dog somewhere to live. And then, you know, in the time we were waiting for Anton to arrive, we were regularly in touch. Every week, we were going backwards and forwards asking if there was any news or if anything had changed. So there was a lot of contact between myself, Anton and our Executive Leadership team. Anton and his family’s welfare were very much at the forefront of our minds when we were talking with him and going through this process. When Anton and his family arrived in December, it was an overwhelming sense of relief to have them here and safe in the US, to build a new life.

Anton Yakovenko

Anton, were there any moments of doubt where you thought ‘ah, this might not happen,’ or were you confident you would end up in the US throughout?

AY: I wasn’t confident it would happen. Honestly, my main cause of concern was all the conditions and requirements for us to bring our dog here; because we were determined not to leave her behind. We had to send different certificates and test results to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). They said it could have taken 22 months but, in fact, it took three days, so that was great for us. But when I actually started looking at how to fly her to the US, that’s when I started finding all the requirements. Some airlines would not take a dog at all. Some airlines would take dogs, but only in the cabin. So there were lots of things that had to happen at the same time for us to do it. We actually found the only airline that would let us do it and, when I found that ticket, called customer support to make sure and it was all booked, that’s when I realised ‘okay, now it’s all good.’ Now it’s going to happen and it’s going to happen when we expected it to happen.

Was it the case that you wouldn’t have left Ukraine without Muha – and that you would have stayed until you could arrange for your dog to come with you?

AY: We would keep looking for ways to bring her because, really, she’s a very important part of our life. I always wanted to have a dog since I was a child but, for various reasons, we couldn’t. We finally got Muha from a shelter around two years ago and, when the war started, we were thrown out of our normal life. For us, life changed but it’s

always easier for animals. They don’t understand what’s happening or what the explosions are. They just live their life. And having her with us all the time was that little part of our previous peaceful life that really comforted us. So we just knew we wouldn’t abandon her, even though technically we could leave her with our

friends or family in Ukraine… for us, that would still feel like abandoning her. We knew we would find a solution. And that’s what we did.

So what are your next steps from here, Steve and Anton? How long is Anton’s Visa valid for and what is the long-term outlook?

SM: We’re delighted Anton and his family are here and we want to keep him here – both from a personal perspective and a company perspective. Anton is a great employee and does great work, so we see a very bright future for Anton. We will pursue a green card for Anton, so that will give him permanent resident status in the US. I’m sure after he has his green card for a period he may or may not want to seek US citizenship. But, personally, I would like to see a long-term future here for Anton at Eclipse. Here in the US, it’s a great opportunity. I’m an expat myself, so I’ve been through the green card and citizenship process. Anton can certainly go a long way, both with Eclipse and wherever he chooses in future years.

AY: My Visa is valid for three years, and then it can be extended for another three years. It’s enough time to take care of a green card and all future planning. I also want to add that my wife has dreamed about just visiting the US for a very long time. It’s difficult to even get a travel Visa for Ukrainians. So when she came here, she literally felt like she was in in some kind of movie. Things like school buses were something we had only seen in the movies! So I’m very glad my wife’s dream came true and we are really grateful for this, to Eclipse, to Steve and to everybody who helped us with this.

Anton & Steve Kyiv, Ukraine


As Brazil takes its time regulating sports betting, Gambling Insider explores what a regulated Brazilian market may look like, with contributions from Kambi and Altenar

Sportsbooks have been name of the game across the Americas in recent years – the US, for example, has seen a gold rush, approving sports betting state by state since the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (PASPA) was overturned by the Supreme Court in 2018. Meanwhile, Canada has made Ontario its official gambling province and has worked to ensure a thriving market within the region. In Europe, betting on sporting events is a long-held tradition – one that pre-dates the eras of empire and aristocratic revelry watching horseracing.

But what about the much-anticipated LatAm market of Brazil?

Down in South America, gambling has been slowly building itself into a behemoth. The famously football-mad country now has legal sports betting and sportsbook operators are ready to fight for market share – however,

there is one point that is holding the market back: regulation.

The sports betting market in Brazil, though legal since 2018, has remained unregulated for the past five years – and those lack of rules have ensured some sportsbook operators have held off wholly challenging in the market. Yet, as the market begins its path to regulation – with recent news suggesting the country will require any sports betting companies operating in Brazil to have a headquarters there – moves for sportsbook operators jostling their way into the market have begun.


For Kambi, a company that is currently undergoing the process of becoming regulated in Brazil, the market holds a lot of potential. Ignacio Iglesias, Kambi’s Director of Partner Success LatAm/EMEA, commented on the future of Brazil’s regulations and how it would affect sportsbooks such as Kambi’s in

the country. He told Gambling Insider: “We’re always assessing opportunities to enter newly regulated markets either through new partnerships or extending existing ones, and with a flexible technology stack which can quickly pivot to meet any local requirements across both regulation and consumer preferences we believe we are well placed to capitalise as regulation in Brazil approaches.” Confident words, but ones that show how transformative regulation will be for the Brazilian market for sportsbook operators. Iglesias then discussed the partnerships that it already has in Brazil and Kambi’s current position in other LatAm countries: “We have already announced a long-term partnership with Rei do Pitaco (RDP), which offers Kambi a platform upon which to expand into Brazil as regulation allows. RDP has generated millions of downloads for its DFS app, growing to have strong brand recognition throughout Brazil, and it has an impressive customer


database of passionate football fans that will continue to grow once sports betting is regulated. We are already established as a sportsbook supplier throughout Latin America, including Peru, multiple provinces in Argentina and Colombia, so we are enthused at the prospect of bringing our technology to Brazil.”

When talking about the next five years for sports betting in Brazil, Iglesias gave more on what that looked like from his perspective. “With a population of more than 200 million people, Brazil has the potential to become one of the world’s biggest regulated sports betting markets. Regulation in Brazil has been on the cards for many years now and it is pleasing to see that a country with such sports betting potential finally seems to be making headway in this regard. Brazil is a country known across the world for its passionate sports fans. The country’s heritage in soccer needs little introduction, but success in Brazil will require a depth of offering across all sports, in particular the likes of tennis and formula one.”

Finally, the Director of Partner Success spoke about sportsbook technology and how it should evolve in modern markets. He added: “Sportsbook technology will need to keep evolving to maintain pace with the demands of modern players, not only in Brazil but across the globe. Player preferences are increasingly shifting towards products-only algorithms.”


Meanwhile, Altenar’s software and services, which are live in Brazil, have been gathering pace in the country. Commenting exclusively to Gambling Insider , Hugo Llanos, Regional Director for Americas at Altenar, spoke of the sustained expansion that is currently being seen in Brazil’s sports betting market: “There is a

continuous growth in terms of interest towards sportsbooks and new companies going into the online sportsbook industry. This is for sure incentivised by the opportunity to be regulated in Brazil, plus the natural growth the industry had been having in the region.”

For Altenar, the Brazilian market has been a ground of intense competition due to its size and adoration for football in particular.

“It is always fierce,” added Llanos. “New competitors, strong brands getting in with big marketing budgets, there’s a huge interest in Brazil per the size of the population and the potential the entire country has due to its love and passion for footbal, and sports, in general.”

One of the other big topics in Brazil right now, which Llanos commented on prior, is the discussion of stricter regulations, which has drawbacks and benefits to any operators already involved in a jurisdiction. Llanos commented on Brazil’s plan to further regulate its sports betting market, explaining: “Regulation is always a good thing; we are not afraid of it and I believe no operator should be afraid of it either. It will create a need for better, improved reporting but that will actually come in favour of us and the industry so it will be for the better. Being in a regulated market

In terms of the future, Llanos further pushed his support for regulation in the market: “I hope we do get the see the regulation finally in place in Brazil, and having a very mature market, growing exponentially month after month, with people amazed at how much turnover Brazil could generate.”

The end of the beginning

Evidently, the Brazilian market is one that sportsbook operators can’t wait to get involved in, as the market value there is a gold mine for any that can grab a significant market share. However, right now, any efforts made by operators are being met with caution from within because of the unregulated status of the market. That said, Brazil is edging ever closer to regulating the market, with plans currently making a path through the country’s congress – though, this has been hampered by the unstable political situation that has gripped Brazil in recent years.

Suppliers and operators are readying for the day that Brazil finally passes its regulation bill, though. As seen by the comments made by Altenar and Kambi, both of which are focusing on the entire LatAm region for the next phase of the continent’s economic growth; through the legalisation and regulation of gambling, and sports betting in general.

provides the industry with a reputation and 'safety,' which is better than any branding campaign a company could do.”

Where Brazil stands now is the end of the beginning, it started allowing sports betting in 2018 and soon Brazil’s lawmakers will clear the regulation bill give the market fully regulated sports betting. When it does, the rush from operators and suppliers to take a firm foothold in the country feels like it will be akin to the streets of Rio during Carnival – a bright and blinding blend.



Gambling Insider explores European gambling markets and why each country has such varied ways of regulating the practice

Across Europe there are many cultural and social differences, all of which are unique to each individual country – yet, together, each forms a part of a continent that has strong bonds of familial and cultural ties that comprise the whole. This all serves as a delicate part of the vast economic balance that produces billions per year in continental gross domestic product (GDP). The same can be said of gambling in many ways. While almost no two countries in Europe regulate the practice in the same way, and while attitudes towards it vary, the way each country chooses to approach regulating gambling does have similarities.

As each nation has opened up and regulated gambling across Europe, they have looked to those that have come before for inspiration to follow, taking parts from the other markets to form one that suits each country's own culture. Below, Gambling Insider looks across the European betting market to explore the similarities and differences in the approach to regulation, asking the experts to see if there is a place that has struck the right balance between free play and restrictions that help keep players safe.


The Finnish market, known for being one of the most carefully and heavily regulated in Europe, has spent significant amounts of time crafting laws that match with the vision of the country to allow gambling – however, some argue that the current system is making life difficult for all but the larger operators. Sverker Skogberg, SVP of Paf, spoke exclusively to Gambling Insider about the issue of regulation in Finland and further abroad.

When asked if there are markets in Europe that Paf avoids due to over-regulation,

Skogberg told Gambling Insider: “Paf prefers to be in tough regulated markets, creating a level playing field. Before we make a possible decision to go into a new market, we carefully analyse the coming competition situation. For instance, concerning the UK some years ago we did all the required compliance work to get a licence, but decided to leave it unused, because of the very tough competition situation in the country.”

He then spoke about over-regulation, and if whether believes it has killed some markets and driven channelisation towards black market operators: “No, we don’t think so, but the balance between a tough regulation and maintaining a good channelisation level will always be a challenge for the authorities to solve.”

Furthermore, Skogberg then explained that ‘cultural differences’ and ‘attitudes towards gaming tax levels’ play a big part in Europe’s varying regulations, stating the reasons were: “Mainly because of cultural differences, regulator attitudes to gaming tax levels and its purpose, attitudes to marketing, the ability of building functioning responsible gaming tools, B2B regulation etc.”

Lastly, Skogberg spoke of Finland’s

goal of achieving the perfect balance of regulation and free market policy, telling Gambling Insider: “That is what we all want to strive for, and Finland will with its upcoming regulation have a unique chance to achieve and build this balance.”



Dr Joerg Hofmann also spoke exclusively to Gambling Insider about regulations in the European market. When asked why he believes regulation and oversight differs so much in Europe, Hofmann explained: “There are many different reasons why European regulation differs from country to country. I think it’s important to take a closer look at these reasons, as they all stem from various historical and cultural contexts.

“For example, the regulation of gambling and the offering of licensing regimes originated from a need to protect state monopolies on gambling, sports betting and lotteries. The transition to a

licensing market was a gradual process, and while some jurisdictions have liberalised the lottery system and allowed private operators to offer lottery products, others like Germany still maintain a state monopoly on lotteries. In some cases, it took politicians a long time to realise that opening the market to private industry was not a threat against the monopoly.

“There are also different cultural approaches to regulation, and some countries have a centralised government authority, while others have multiple authorities with different attitudes towards online gaming regulation. This makes the process of finding compromises and developing regulations a long and complex one. Additionally, there are always stakeholders who want to have an impact on the regulation to protect players

and improve the industry, which further complicates the process.

“In my experience with drafting the first interstate treaties in Germany, which offered licences to sports betting operators, it was a year-long struggle to even grant 20 licences due to various challenges and setbacks. So, there is no one-size-fits-all answer to why European regulation differs from country to country; each jurisdiction must be examined individually to understand how its regulatory structure is shaped.”

In understanding different European markets, the role that regulatory maturity has played in European regulation can't be discounted. In the case of more mature markets, such as the UK, some European countries have looked at what works well and cherry-picked the regulations lawmakers believe will work for a different jurisdiction – while looking at other markets

has played in European regulation can't for inspiration too.

Hoffman wholeheartedly agrees with this point, saying that every new market should look around to see what works and what doesn’t. He said: “I think it’s a good start because the worst model, in my opinion, is when a jurisdiction tries to reinvent the wheel within a microcosmic environment like Germany. I think it’s a good step forward to reach out to regulators and colleagues from other European jurisdictions. This could also include some regulators from the US, although I believe we are more mature in our experiences across the

He said: “I think it’s a good start when

Germany. I think it’s a good step jurisdictions. This could also US, although I believe we are more European Union.

“Today, you can say that outside Europe as well. I think catching some ideas is a good way to know what the tools of successful regulation are and to find out about the do’s and don’ts of

“Today, you can say that outside ideas is a good way to know what the regulation about of first goal of regulation, which is always and or revenues. However, the licensed market to there.

“The first thing to do is to define the goal of regulation, which is always player protection and fighting fraud, combating illegal markets or generating tax revenues. However, the most important goal of regulation is to channel traffic into the licensed market to protect players there. If the channelisation rate is high, then something must be right. If it’s not high, then something must be wrong.

must be right. If it’s not high, then


A good example of this is the current situation in the Netherlands. There is a discussion, and more than a discussion, to completely interdict non-targeted advertising. Advertising is one of the hot topics across all gambling-related jurisdictions, and if you look at Italy or Belgium, you can see a very aggressive approach to advertising.”


In the UK, Richard Williams, Partner at Keystone Law, also commented on the state of the market across Europe and why regulations are causing some companies to leave the UK. Williams said: “There is certainly some evidence that mid/small tier operators are leaving the British online gambling market due to the costs of doing business here and the very thin margins involved. On top of licensing costs and taxation/duty, financial penalties imposed for AML/social responsibility breaches often far outweigh profits for smaller operators and, given the regulator’s stance, many businesses cannot risk operating in Great Britain, when returns are higher in other regulated and unregulated gambling markets.”

Turning the conversation to over-regulation and whether it has killed some markets across Europe, Williams agrees, saying: “Yes without doubt, the continual compliance assessment regime and financial penalties for non-compliance has driven some operators out of the British market. Some may argue that this activity is preventing crime and protecting the vulnerable, but we are still seeing the same operators being penalised again and again for the same type of breaches

(AML/SR). It seems to be the case that a large financial penalty leads to a focus on compliance, but standards appear to slip over time due to the conflict between profit and compliance.”

Discussing European regulations further, Williams highlights the differences found in attitudes to regulation across Europe: “There is just no consistency across Europe and different countries have approached regulation differently, from outright bans other than for state operators (now thankfully rare), to bans on certain activity (such as online casino gaming), to favouring online over land-based gambling.

“Allowing EU countries to regulate gambling to protect residents, rather than allowing freedom of trade across borders, meant that EU-wide regulation of gambling never got off the ground. Most EU countries now have some form of regulated gambling, but technical standards, certification, rules and regulations differ in these different markets and it’s very difficult for operators to have a grasp of all of the rules that apply in each state.”

Finally, Williams touches upon the topic of achieving the perfect balance between the free market and regulation, stating: “There will always be a conflict between protecting consumers and gambling businesses making greater profits. As we are seeing in the US, in the rush to build an online gambling market, the vulnerable can often get forgotten in the rush for revenue. As markets mature, it becomes apparent that free markets can cause harm to consumers and then measures are put in place to protect the vulnerable. It might

be more sensible to learn from mature gambling markets such as Great Britain and rein in excesses at the outset.”


In creating regulations that allow the gambling industry to thrive while protecting players and keeping black markets at bay, those that design the regulatory boundaries are faced with hundreds of choices that can lead a market to ruin. Too much regulation can strangle legal operators and push players to unregulated markets that prey on those who will spend and spend, regardless of whether a person has a problem or not. But too little regulation can contribute to problem gambling that can have a corrosive effect on families and the health of individuals in the long term.

Some are so obsessed with protecting players that the market can only grow to a certain point before being unable to grow further, points that Williams and Hofmann both highlight in their comments to Gambling Insider. When new markets open in Europe now, each has a wealth of options to look at for inspiration, to choose what it wants to emulate.

In such a mature market, the decisions made by regulators are key to having a healthy and safe space for citizens. The only problem is, nobody agrees that there is a universal way to do just that. Political and cultural divisions make it an impossibility to have blanket regulations across the European family – meaning that, much like many of the countries themselves, while there are similarities, no two gambling markets will ever be exactly the same.

Richard Williams Sverker Skogberg Dr. Joerg Hofmann


Richard McCall, Armalytix CEO, and Mike Ward, the supplier’s Executive Chairman, speak to Gambling Insider Editor Tim Poole about affordability checks; and how the gambling sector must develop mutually accepted guidelines – avoiding the mistakes of other industries

Can you walk me through the company and your main pitch for standing out in the market?

We’ve all come from a finance background, so we understand the money laundering, financial harm side of things. And as a company, what we did was cut our teeth on conveyancing, which is an industry that until quite recently hasn’t had to worry about financial checks. But actually, more and more is becoming required to conduct source-of-funds and source-of -wealth checks on its clients when they’re putting large amounts of money into a transaction. What we’re seeing is that the gaming industry is moving the same way, where they are now being required to – more than ever in the past – check the prominence of funds that’s coming in from their clients and to check whether those clients can afford to spend the money they’re spending.

So that’s where we’ve come from. I guess our relevance to the gaming industry is that we have a lot of knowledge from having done these things in different industries, which we think we can provide to help this nascent industry to evolve in the right way. Because they’re suddenly being asked to do a whole load of stuff they didn’t have to, finance got hit with a lot more rigour in 2008. With that, we can understand the

change which has to happen in an organisation first. It just starts with this idea that things aren’t going to be done the same way. And whether you like it or not, that’s going to be the case. I totally understand the rhetoric you see, which is ‘oh, why do we need to do more?’ We have to have policies where the many have to do something to protect the few, in most industries. It’s not that there are whole-scale problems across every single playerbase. The question is how do you manage that balance by getting enough people to follow a process to allow you to guard against a few? You need to dig into whether you’re looking for money launderers or whether you’re looking for people whose own practices may be harmful. You need an understanding of how to look at financial data and also get the balance right; how much data do we need? So you’ve got that balance and I think banks, love them or loathe them, have always been conscious that people’s financial data is their own. It doesn’t belong to the banks. So how do you get that balance right?

Gaming is relatively new for yor organisation. You work with Buzz Bingo and recently partnered with Betsmart. How are you looking to grow within the sector?

We look across industries and the themes are the same regardless of any industry: that society is changing. Financial crime is being taken seriously, whether you’re in gambling, conveyancing or a financial institution. In today’s world, if you have a business which might do harm to some people, whether that’s in finance – so that could be providing loans or whatever – or people gambling beyond their means, these are common themes; and it’s really about consumer protection. So for us, yes, gambling is new, the themes are not. We are definitely not gambling specialists. Hence why our collaboration with Betsmart is so important because they’re the industry experts, and they

Richard McCall

help translate the needs of the industry into what we see as a successful process.

The recent William Hill settlement, where it paid £19.2m ($23.6m) to the Gambling Commission is a well-timed example. If an operator has all the data and technology available in the world, isn’t it still down to the mentality of that operator in the engine room?

I think ultimately this sounds like a question of liability in terms of: are we telling William Hill, Buzz Bingo or anybody else what to do? No, what we’re doing is we’re making it easy for their customer to provide the information they need for them to make a decision, and we’re hopefully making it easy for them to identify the customers who might ultimately turn into a problem. So we’re not trying to say to anyone you can or can’t do this. We’re basically making it easy for people to provide information; a way that makes their situation easy to understand if we give them the tools, and we give their clients the tools, to provide their information in an easy way.

can’t do this. We’re basically making it easy for their situation easy to understand if we give

I think more generally from our experience change. So certainly if you look at banking, gone through that. Now it’s that question of sure people understand we are going to need to important, and something that both matter for matter from the risk and reputation standpoint? wrong, the reputational risk as meaningful. So this is what

I think more generally from our experience of the banking industry, it all starts with cultural change. So certainly if you look at banking, you first had that attitude of ‘Why do I need to change? I’m not sure I do’ – and I think we’ve gone through that. Now it’s that question of ‘Right, how do I instil cultural change to make sure people understand we are going to need to do something?’ How do we get people and the hierarchy to understand that these checks are important, and something that both matter for the minority of people who were harmed but also matter from the risk and reputation standpoint?

We saw with the coverage William Hill got that, if you get that balance wrong, the reputational risk as well as financial risk can be meaningful. So this is what happens when you get regulatory change. You tend to get large fines or settlements, and you tend to then make changes to your organisation, to recognise that these checks are important and then you turn it into process work. Where we come in is where you’re looking at a process you want to do with scale. How do you get the right tool in place? How do you increase the amount of checks without increasing friction?

in. Is it always the case that you’re going to

the amount of information a person has to firms don’t necessarily want to receive a whole

That’s the ultimate question in this situation with onboarding and customers that come in. Is it always the case that you’re going to have to increase customer friction? Well, I think what we can do is we can sit in there as a trusted third party that potentially restricts the amount of information a person has to share with a company like a gaming firm. And that works both ways because the gaming firms don’t necessarily want to receive a whole load of information about someone’s

financial position, either. So I think the idea that we sit in there and are actually protecting both sides from either sharing or receiving too much information is an important one. I do think gaming operators have tried to use proxies for people’s finances to not have to ask that person to

information is an important one. I do think gaming operators have tried to use proxies for give them any information.

I think if you actually want to understand something about someone’s financial situation, you do ultimately have to ask them. What we do is make that asking process as quick and easy as possible. I think this is all part of coming to terms with regulatory changes. So you have to accept in certain circumstances, clients' journeys may be slowed down and I think that’s the nature of the checks that need to be in place. But it doesn’t have to happen in every circumstance. It’s very easy to get into a binary world where everyone’s checked for everything or they don’t get

I think if you actually want to understand you do ultimately have to ask them. What we do is make that asking process as quick and easy as possible. I think this is all part of coming to terms with regulatory changes. So you have to accept journeys may be slowed down and checks that need to be in place. But it doesn’t have to happen easy to get into a binary world where everyone’s checked for everything or they don’t get checked at all.

it’s understanding customer playing profiles. Our aim is for when that point is where you need some

exchange of information, which would take both parties – meaning it will slow it to money-laundering checks, I think one has to accept you’re going to have to go further. I think what we learned from finance

The reality is it’s not binary: it’s understanding customer playing profiles. Our aim is for when that point is where you need some financial information, you make that seamless and a fair exchange of information, which would take both parties – meaning it will slow them down. When it comes to money-laundering checks, I think one has to accept you’re going to have to go further. I think what we learned from finance

Mike Ward

is, in circumstances, you do have to slow down. The job of the technology is trying to make that slowing down as painless as possible.

What can gambling learn from conveyancing, finance and banking, so that the sector can come to terms with new regulation quicker?

I think what we saw in finance and what we’re seeing in conveyancing, because it’s an ongoing process, is that the regulator tends not to prescribe a set of rules that everyone has to follow. It’s more like a set of guidelines. Those guidelines tend to, over time, form into a set of industry-accepted standards, although they’re not written down. And so the quicker you can get to, ‘Well, what do we think is a sensible set of industry rules?’ – the better. What tends to happen is that the bigger firms get hit with some fines or settlements by the regulator, then they start to make the changes because they know they’re in the crosshairs of the regulator, and then everybody else watches what they’re doing and starts to do the same; everybody eventually coalesces around a similar set of solutions and standards.

It becomes a set of standardised ways that people do business. So I actually think,

in the gaming space, whether you’re a big or a small firm, have a sensible look at what would be reasonable in front of the regulator and quickly come to a set of agreed standards. Because, actually, the quicker you get there, the quicker everyone can get on with day-to-day business, right? The longer you drag it on, the longer you’re just dealing with a problem that, ultimately, you’re going to have to deal with at some point anyway.

Finally, do you have any specific aims or aspirations for the gambling industry? Do you have a target market share or something concrete you want to achieve? Well, we started from nothing, not being known 20 months ago, and I think by the end of this year we should be aiming for one in 10 comparing transactions in conveyancing, having an Armalytix report involved in those source-of -funds checks. I think what I’m most excited by, in the betting sector, is working towards finding out: what are these industry standards and are we able to help dramatically improve the process of where they are today? If you do that, you’ll tend to win clients – which of course, we’re a business, so we always want to win them. But I think getting in the middle

of that discussion, seeing the modules we have can help fix that for me. I’d love to be able to come out at the end of it and look at a problem which the industry may have seen as a huge barrier to dealing with their clients, and turn around and say, 'actually that wasn’t too bad.' We’ve come up with a process which protects the minority and that the majority is prepared to do without ruining their gaming experience.

The gaming industry is being hit from all sides, and I don’t think it’s a tremendously difficult problem to solve. We might be able to help it in such a way as to not take a tremendous amount of time and money out of anyone’s equation, and improve the process for those problem customers that ultimately none of the gaming firms would like to have on their books. Really, 99% of their clients are not a problem, But, for example, with William Hill, how many cases did they cite? Three or four. How many customers must they have had in that period? Millions. I’m sure if they could go back and stop those three to four customers coming on board in the first place, they would absolutely do so because it would have saved them a whole load of pain and trouble.

"We have to have policies where the many have to do something to protect the few, in most industries"

Will crypto payments become the preferred method of payments? Malcolm Atuona, CFO, CoinPayments

that empowers businesses to accept various cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Ethereum and stablecoins. This unprecedented level of flexibility has sparked significant interest among iGaming operators, who are keen to capitalise on the growing demand for digital currency options.

In my opinion, one of the primary drivers behind the adoption of crypto payments in the iGaming industry is the unparalleled security and privacy they offer. Traditional payment methods often require players to divulge sensitive personal and financial information, making players vulnerable to hacking and identity theft. In contrast, cryptocurrencies operate on decentralised networks, providing additional security and anonymity. This increased sense of safety is particularly appealing to players who prioritise safeguarding their data.

integration by offering a user-friendly crypto payment gateway that can be easily incorporated into most existing iGaming platforms. This straightforward process enables our clientele greater access to a broader client base.

CoinPayments keeps a close eye on the development of regulatory frameworks surrounding cryptocurrencies and the iGaming industry as this will play a crucial role in shaping the future of crypto payments. As governments and regulatory bodies continue to establish guidelines and standards, it is safe to assume that the adoption of digital currencies in the iGaming sector will soar. It is crucial to CoinPayments’ go-forward strategy that we are at the forefront of these developments and working closely with regulators to foster a responsible and compliant ecosystem that nurtures the growth of the sector.

In today's ever-evolving digital landscape, the iGaming industry has thrived by harnessing innovative technologies to deliver seamless, secure and captivating experiences for players. As a tech-focused CFO (Chief Financial Officer of CoinPayments), I've witnessed first-hand how crypto payments are revolutionising the way we interact with iGaming platforms. Now, with an increasing number of players and businesses embracing the incredible benefits of digital currencies, the question arises: will crypto payments emerge as the favoured payment method in the iGaming space?

Here at CoinPayments, we have a presence in over 190 countries, a network of more than 120,000 merchants, with a platform

Secondly, the borderless nature of cryptocurrencies is a game changer. It empowers iGaming platforms to cater to a global audience without the complexities of currency conversion and international transactions. This results in a much more seamless experience with reduced transaction times and fees.

Another huge benefit of crypto payments is their potential to remove chargebacks and reduce fraudulent transactions. With traditional payment methods, iGaming operators often face disputes that heighten the risk of financial losses and tarnished reputations. However, cryptocurrencies offer transparency and immutability, making it difficult for malicious actors to exploit the system. By embracing crypto payments, iGaming businesses can safeguard and futureproof their revenue streams. Safeguarded revenue streams from nefarious activities ultimately mean higher revenue, lower operational costs and increased credibility.

At CoinPayments, we facilitate seamless

At CoinPayments, we remain laser-focused in our commitment to facilitate this transformative shift and provide crypto payment solutions for iGaming.

Malcom Atuona

Will crypto payments become the preferred method of payments?

payment methods such as cards and e-wallets are widely available and easy to use –making them a more convenient option for many consumers. It’s also important to note here that the Covid-19 pandemic really boosted the card-related payments evolution.

Competition is another obstacle to widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies. Card payments haven’t had competition for decades and have been entirely unrivalled online… Until now. Mobile payments, QR, Open banking and Tokenisation are all new payment methods gaining popularity and competing for market share. With so many options available, it’s difficult for cryptocurrencies to become the preferred payment method.

"Global dominance over other payment methods like cards

The growth of cryptocurrencies over the last decade has led to an increased interest in using them as a payment method. While traditional card payments are still dominant, the rise of cryptocurrencies has prompted the debate about which payment method is better.

Predicting the future is not the business of data-driven companies. However, data does allow us to talk about certain patterns. And at the moment, the patterns allow us to conclude that the massive distribution of crypto payments has long become a reality. It’s even the norm in many industries, for example, iGaming, eCommerce etc.

However, talking about global dominance over other payment methods like cards and e-wallets is a little premature. Especially when you consider that 76% of the world's population has access to traditional methods like cards and e-wallets (Global Findex Database). Looking ahead, it is worth noting that this is generally unlikely.

There are many reasons for this.

Regulation is one of the biggest obstacles to widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies. Most countries don’t have clear regulations regarding cryptocurrencies, and there’s still uncertainty regarding their legal status. This makes it hugely challenging for businesses to accept cryptocurrencies as a payment method, as they may face regulatory and legal risks. And, despite the recent announcement about the world's

first comprehensive regulation approval by EU Parliament, it’s still a long road for mass adoption of crypto payments. Availability and simplicity, as well as overall customer experience, are also factors to consider. While crypto payments have become more accessible in recent years, they’re still not as widely available as traditional payment methods. Many people aren’t familiar with how to use cryptocurrencies and don't understand the risks involved. Even the process of buying and transferring them can be complicated. In contrast, traditional

Despite these obstacles, there are still several reasons why cryptocurrencies are gaining that momentum. Firstly, cryptocurrencies offer a high level of security, which is crucial for online transactions. Cryptocurrencies are decentralised, and transactions are verified through a distributed ledger, making them more secure than traditional payment methods. This is particularly important in the gambling industry, where there is a high risk of fraud and hacking.

Secondly, cryptocurrencies offer faster transaction times and lower transaction fees. Transactions can be processed in a matter of seconds, compared to several days for traditional payment methods. This makes them a more efficient option for both consumers and businesses. Finally, cryptocurrencies offer a level of anonymity that traditional payment methods do not. This is particularly important for consumers who value their privacy and do not want their financial information to be tracked.

So, while it’s unlikely that cryptocurrencies will become the preferred payment method, they’re gaining momentum and are a viable option for businesses and consumers. While there’s still regulatory and adoption challenges to overcome, the benefits of cryptocurrencies - such as security, speed, and anonymity – make them a valuable addition to the payment landscape.

and e-wallets is a little premature"
Anton Komukhin


Experts from the gaming industry discuss the bene ts and implications of AI technology

Joe Hall is a hands-on financial technology, iGaming and ecommerce expert with 15 years’ experience across commercial, operational and technology roles in both B2B and B2C environments. Joe is a former member of the management team at Paysafe and former UK Managing Director at eToro.

Rasmus Kjaergaard has grown Mindway AI from a small startup to the fast-growing software company it is today. Rasmus’ focus is on the commercial and strategic development of Mindway AI through product innovation, partnerships and market expansions. Rasmus is deeply invested in the safer gambling agenda and a firm believer in the power of partnerships and collaboration in the pursuit of better player protection. Rasmus has 20+ years of experience in leadership and B2B sales of complex tech solutions and services in both private and public sectors.

Mridula Saini leads IKASI teams for both domestic and global markets. She has demonstrated success in seven countries for over 20 years and has produced unprecedented results in both B2B and B2C segments with billion-dollar enterprises and early-stage startups. Mridula has a Master’s Degree from Stanford University and an engineering degree from Rohilkhand University.

Olga Ivanchik: As Head of WebStudio for SoftSwiss, Olga leads the team, responsible for handling requirements gathering, design project creation, graphics, layout, configuration, testing, licensing, payment system integration, and game provider connection, among many other things, to ensure that operators successfully launch their online casinos for players.











In every issue, GamblingInsider commissions guest columns and interviews with people at the heart of the gaming industry – to discover more about the challenges its leaders, pioneers and innovators face. These contributors form The Insiders



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Staying relevant

Jonny Bennet, Realistic Games COO, discusses how the company aims to stay relevant in a constantly evolving industry

technologies such as WebGL and 3D to bring different gameplay experiences to our players.

How do you think the slots/online games market will evolve overall in the future? Where will the latest innovation/development come from? In any way shape or form, it will get bigger. There is already a plethora of content available but the reality is a lot of it is the same and innovation only comes from the few. That said, there are plenty of talented game designers and developers working at established game studios, which are taking a leap of faith in their own ability and starting to go their own way. This is bringing some fresh, new ideas which is helping bring overall quality up and new innovations to the market.

RNG certification.

We recently launched in Romania exclusively with Superbet for three months, following completion of a direct integration, and we have big plans for expansion across Maltese-licensed operators through upcoming integrations allowing us to better access that market. Plus, we have eyes on additional regulated markets, such as Netherlands, Italy, Spain and Greece, and hope to be able to announce further market expansion over the course of 2023.

For you, what is the key thing a player looks for when choosing what game title to play and gamble on?

How has your strategy for developing products evolved over the years? How do you ensure game titles remain relevant and engaging for players?

Realistic was born in 2002 so has over 20 years of experience supplying content to operators, witnessing, and being a part of, multiple changes in the landscape during this time. Naturally, Realistic has had to adapt to prosper and realise new opportunities, and that is something we are still very cognizant of today, and how we look forward. More than ever, there is increasing complexity to navigate and more competition in the market to battle against, so we have to be on our A game all the time to give ourselves a chance to succeed.

Realistic’s first-ever game (Pentagram) was actually made for Video Lottery Terminals in Slovakia and Czech Republic – we’ve come a long way since then and now have a portfolio of over 150 online slots, table and instant win games available via our proprietary RGS platform. We have always tried to innovate and embrace new technologies, striking the right balance between market trends and new ideas. We were one of the first to market with HTML5 mobile games and have tried different

We’ve seen a lot of M&A activity from large B2B suppliers over recent years and increasingly they are looking to acquire smaller, independent studios who are demonstrably disrupting the market to protect their overall market share. Game design itself will be informed (and sometimes dictated) by regulation. New or updated responsible gambling measures, such as maximum staking values and minimum spin times on slots, affect the gameplay experience and all game studios will need to meet the challenge of increasing regulation to achieve or sustain growth.

In addition, the advancement of new technologies such as ChatGPT are very interesting and could potentially change the game development landscape completely. It is still early days but I have no doubt AI will play an increasing part in game design and development in the future.

What are your plans for market expansion over the coming months/ year? What are the key markets you’re looking to enter/expand your presence in?

Realistic will have a continued focus on the UK and European regulated markets, and we believe there is a lot of untapped opportunity for us as we expand across these territories. We are in the process of acquiring a Swedish Gambling Software Permit and additionally we will continue to supply operators in other jurisdictions through appropriate game and

There is so much player choice now that, in many respects, the decision can be a bit overwhelming for players. Most people don’t know what they want in everyday life let alone faced with a casino lobby of 1,000+ games! On one hand, I think players look for familiarity, but on the other they want something new and innovative. Ultimately, I think the player wants to experience ‘a bit of carrot’ in their first session. There has to be something in that first 50-100 spins which grabs the player’s attention and makes them want to explore the game a little more.

How do you see the rest of 2023 panning out for Realistic Games and what are your goals for the future?

We’re very excited about the remainder of 2023 and continuing the strong start we’ve had. Already this year, we’ve launched several well -received slot titles including Chilli Master, Keno Deluxe and Catch 22. We have an ambitious roadmap for the rest of the year, with the plan to release an additional four or five games before the end of the year, some of which have new innovations we’re very excited to put in front of our operators and their players.

Looking beyond 2023, we will look to continue what we’ve started over the past year and a half: deliver more diverse and relevant content, serving our operators and their players with compelling gameplay experiences and new innovations. Ultimately, our objective is to position and sustain Realistic as a market leader over the next couple of years.


Can I have your attention?

Ashot Sahakyan, COO of casino engine and aggregator Relum, shares his thoughts on the job of a supplier when competing for a player’s attention

tech stack, to consume the plethora of game studios’ gaming environments, RGSs, back offices and so forth, before one can take your solution to operators. You need a tech solution that quickly allows access to a wide portfolio of games and hundreds of casino and game studio providers through a single integration, which is no mean feat, given different technical standards and code bases. Moreover, all further game additions to a portfolio should be accessible to already-integrated partners, without any coding needed. This can really demonstrate the core of a casino engine and the ability of that technology to scale quickly via a single API.


and reporting capabilities of game-level aggregated data. This canresult in a business intelligence dashboard and on-demand reporting that provide multi-vertical analysis by game, partner and provider. This data empowers operator teams to maximise front-end content management, game publishing and game categorisation alongside revenue optimisation.

In today’s fast-moving iGaming supply chain, online casinos compete for a share of a player’s attention and spending, via promotional and product strategies. Suppliers must provide a compelling player experience and solution. This will encourage players to use the operator's brand, as well as enrich the gaming content on its website.


Casino game aggregation is a well-known and tested solution which allows operators access to content quickly and efficiently, perhaps also without technical constraints, if running a lean or medium-sized operation where IT headcount is at a premium. This saves operators and platforms a huge amount of time, which nowadays is the most precious resource in the world, and gives them the opportuntity to have speed toe market. Casino engine and aggregation can reset this experience for a business by enabling the integration endpoints to be faster and more robust on the product level. To prove this, one must start with the

Content has been king for rather a long time, and it is still a commodity in a homogeneous market; however, differentiation on the product or content level is not as pronounced as it once was with today’s discerning digital player. Access to gaming content, and lots of it, shall remain to allow operators to merchandise their casino lobbies with relevant and popular games to grab the players' attention.

But the real focus is on creating better player experience: generating an emotional connection for players with the brand, combined with creating tools behind the curtain to provide player behaviour data insights and revenue optimisation opportunities.


As we have discussed, having lots of game content won’t cut it alone. Today’s digital teams within an operator's business require tools to bolster new player marketing acquisition strategies, plaver revenue optimisation and retention and reactivation programs.

Solutions Engineers and Product Specialists must concentrate on the practical needs of today’s casino marketing teams by first looking at a data-driven approach for the collection, organisation


Time is a commodity that no one can buy more of, so providing solutions on how to consume game content, and providing greater flexibility in the reporting and management suite, are both critical and repetitive tasks. We have also looked at how, as a business, we can make our solutions as time-efficient, operations-wise, as possible for operator marketing teams.

We realise it’s a constant battle to pipeline and roadmap internal IT resources, and it’s the nature of the digital era – everyone is competing for developers’ attention. Our view is that we can help by using and testing tools directly for teams that will use them on a day-to-day basis.

the real focus is on creating better player experience: generating an emotional connection for players with the brand, combined with creating tools behind the curtain

Expanding the galaxy...

Gil Soffer, SVP of Sales and Business Development at Galaxsys, speaks to GamblingInsider about the past, present and future of Galaxsys

How have Galaxsys’ last 12 months been going?

Galaxsys was established in 2021 as a gaming studio specialising in fast and skill games, several crash games, fast table games, keno and Asian games, focusing on innovation and player engagement. Our team – which numbers 60 – are veterans in the iGaming space, committed to providing customer-centric products with the latest technologies and innovative solutions.

The focus continues to be to scale the business, and we are signing multiple agreements with tier-1 aggregators and operators. We are also in the process of expanding and therefore acquiring licences and certification in Italy, Spain, Sweden, Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, Colombia and other major regulated markets. Our brand vision is to be the dominant category leader of the fast and skill games segment very soon.

What new products have been the most successful in the last year?

We continue to build out our game portfolio, of which we currently provide 18 fast and skill games, crash games, fast table games, keno and Asian games. Galaxsys fast games portfolio includes a range of instant, crash, mines and Plinko games designed for players who enjoy quick winning experiences with innovation and player engagement central to the design and game ideations.

Moreover, we have seen a steady but growing demand for skill games, including traditional games like dominoes and backgammon and new and innovative concepts such as Hexagon. Players need to be engaged and feel in control of the games, and skill-based games challenge the players’ strategic thinking and provide a more rounded gaming experience. As we ramp up, we expect to target 30 new fast games for the end of 2023.

What new markets are you looking at closely?

As mentioned earlier, our growth has been measured and the vision is to be the best in class. Therefore, we think globally and act locally, and are actively securing multiple jurisdictional licences and certifications to aid in that goal.

What about further US expansion?

The US is a massive market with an addressable population of over 300 million. It’s definitely on our radar for future expansion.

What are the plans going forward for the next 12 months?

Galaxsys won’t rest on our laurels. We are determined to be the best and offer our customers and its end players the best digitally complete product.

We have already demonstrated our ability to bring innovation to the category with Half Cash Out functionality in the crash-type games, which continues to enhance the fast and skilled digital games category. We in Galaxsys try to revolutionise. Our recent game, Cash Show, was created in cooperation with Fashion TV Gaming Group – a fast game, and Hexagon – a well-known board game that has never been introduced to the industry, clearly illustrates our point.

Player centricity is vital in our design and product DNA. We will continue to look for player experience gaps and today’s digital player is used to multitasking and speed; and is looking for fast games that Galaxsys is uniquely positioned to offer, thanks to our experience curve and a fantastic team of creative professionals.

“Player centricity is vital in our design and product DNA. We will continue to look for player experience gaps and today's digital player is used to multitasking and speed”

Grappling for control

Frank DiGiacomo, Partner and Team Lead of Duane Morris’ Gaming Industry Group, discusses sports betting advertising – and how state regulators are grappling to place controls on the industry

Enforcement (NJDGE) recently published new best practices for gaming and sports betting advertising. These best practices are designed both to promote responsible advertising by sports betting operators and to protect consumers from misleading or deceptive advertising practices. The NJDGE’s advertising standards focus on four areas: (1) responsible gaming disclosures; (2) advertising content; (3) advertising placement; and (4) advertising training.

1. Responsible Gaming Disclosures

– Sports betting operators are encouraged to promote responsible gambling practices in their advertising. This includes providing information on how to gamble responsibly, setting limits on betting activity, promoting self-exclusion programs and providing contact options such as the 1-800-GAMBLER hotline.

are experiencing gambling problems. Similarly, in Illinois, sports betting operators must offer customers the ability to self-exclude and must also provide resources for individuals seeking help with problem gambling.

The New York State Gaming Commission has also recently proposed regulations specific to sports betting advertising. These proposals were put forth in response to concerns about the potential negative impacts of gambling and sports betting, including addiction and underage gambling. The New York Gaming Commission’s proposals include:

1. Banning advertising that targets minors or encourages underage gambling.

2. Requiring all sports betting ads to include responsible gambling messaging, such as information about problem gambling hotlines and resources.

Sports betting operator advertising practices have recently become a topic of increasing scrutiny and emphasis by US gaming/sports wagering regulators. As the popularity of sports betting continues to grow, and as more jurisdictions have legalised online sports wagering, state regulators have raised concerns about the impact that advertising can have on vulnerable individuals; such as problem gamblers and persons younger than the legal gambling age. To address these concerns, a number of state regulators have taken action to restrict sports betting advertising.

While the debate on advertising is not a state-specific one, sports wagering is now legal in over 35 states, thus the impact of sports betting advertising has become a national issue. This debate has been raised by regulators in states that have not only recently enacted online sports wagering – such as Massachusetts and Ohio – but also by more experienced states regulators, such as New Jersey.

The New Jersey Division of Gaming

2. Advertising Content – Sports betting operators must ensure their advertising is clear, truthful and not misleading. This includes providing accurate information on odds, payouts and other relevant information. Sports betting operators must also clearly disclose all terms and conditions associated with their promotions, bonuses and other offers. This includes information on any wagering requirements, expiration dates and other relevant details.

3. Advertising Placement – Sports betting operators should avoid targeting vulnerable populations. Operators are advised to avoid targeting vulnerable populations, such as minors or individuals with gambling addiction.

4. Advertising Training – Sports betting operators must maintain accurate records of their advertising activities, including copies of all advertisements and promotions. These records must be made available to the NJDGE upon request.

Other state regulators are also taking a more proactive approach to preventing problem gambling. For example, in Michigan, sports betting operators are required to offer customers the options to either set betting limits, self-exclude or seek professional help if they

3. Prohibiting ads that make false or misleading claims about the likelihood of winning or the potential benefits of gambling.

4. Restricting the use of celebrities and athletes in sports betting ads.

5. Limiting the placement and frequency of sports betting ads, particularly during live sports broadcasts.

Other US states are taking more targeted measures to restrict sports betting advertising. For example, in Virginia, a 2021 law prohibits sports betting advertising on college sports teams’ uniforms and equipment.

Despite this recent focus by state regulators, some critics argue that these restrictions do not go far enough. In particular, there have been calls for a complete ban on sports betting advertising, similar to the ban on tobacco advertising. Proponents of a ban argue that it would both help to protect vulnerable individuals from the potential harms of sports betting and help to reduce the normalisation of gambling in society.

Overall, sports betting-related advertising is a complex issue with many different factors to consider. While some see it as a legitimate way for sports betting operators to promote their products and services, others are concerned about the potential harm it can cause.



Gambling Insider takes a close look at some of the exciting products now available on the casino oor, from Apex Live Gaming, Interblock and Novomatic


Apex Live Gaming is made up of people who understand and have experience working in a land-based casino. That’s why we make equipment that helps casino staff do their jobs faster, better, more comfortable and easier. ChipperX is one of the devices for casinos, designed to be more than a regular chip sorting machine. With reliable chip sorting,

twelve chip tracks, simple operation, a clear touch screen and many other features, it brings convenience to the staff at the table. And as a result, it speeds up the pace of the game.

Designed and manufactured by Apex Live Gaming, ChipperX is a dedicated chip management device. It automatically sorts chips by value or colour into one of twelve designated chip tracks. Each chip track

is configured to sort and store a defined number of chip types.

ChipperX has the computing power to quickly and accurately count, sort and distribute up to 500 chips per minute. It produces game statistics with a minute -by-minute display stored in the device’s memory for one year. ChipperX can easily be moved between tables needed, because it is equipped with 4 transport wheels. Easy operation is guaranteed by remote control and diagnostics. Through remote access to ChipperX settings and management, Apex’s team of technicians can help customers control the device remotely in real-time. This reduces operating costs and service time. The capabilities of this equipment go far beyond the sorting of chips. It provides casino management with detailed game statistics and helps them make the right decisions in situations where it is needed the most.



Interblock’s trailblazing innovation and revolutionary gaming products are designed to deliver immersive and engaging gaming experiences, optimised for player retention and profitability. Bonus Wheel Roulette, featuring a dual wheel bonus system and multipliers of up to 250 times, is a shining example of the company’s innovation and creativity. The game’s dual-wheel bonus system adds a new layer of excitement and winning potential to the traditional Roulette game, making it more attractive to players and profitable for casinos. With the bonus round occurring approximately one in every ten spins and payouts more than seven times higher than that of a traditional Roulette wheel, it is no surprise that the game caught the attention of industry experts. Bonus Wheel Roulette is a game that players can’t resist and casinos can’t afford to ignore.

Interblock’s dedication to creating innovative and revolutionary gaming experiences in the casino gaming industry has attracted players and extended playtime, while also optimising the market demand for luxury gaming. As a leading player in the gaming industry, Interblock’s position has been affirmed by this, and the company plans to continue pushing the boundaries of gaming technology in the future.

Interblock’s commitment to innovation and pushing the boundaries of the gaming

industry is reflected in the pride they take in receiving industry recognition. The company’s mission is to continue their upward trajectory by creating new gaming products that aim to set new standards and earning more industry recognition, all while maintaining their devotion to groundbreaking invention, stringent research and the empowerment of its brilliant team. Interblock’s success in the industry is driven by their passion for producing revolutionary gaming experiences that extend playtime and keeps players engaged.

By continuously innovating and creating new products that push the boundaries of the gaming industry, Interblock has set the standard for gaming products of the future. Their focus on developing cutting-edge technology, designing advanced gaming experiences, and optimising market demand positions them as leaders in the gaming industry. With their sights firmly set on the future, Interblock is dedicated to building casino floors that offer unforgettable gaming experiences and revolutionising the industry with their unparalleled expertise and commitment to excellence.




With the new line of Golden Link mixes, Novomatic presents a premium selection of golden gaming highlights with attractive winning opportunities: Every Golden Link title encompasses the popular Lock ‘N’ Win Progressive jackpot feature plus the chance to win Free Games.

The new Linked Progressive product line launched at ICE London 2023 with two mixes: Novo Line Golden Link Edition 1 and Superia Golden Link Volume 1. Each comes with five Linked Progressive titles and interconnectivity functionality, meaning that that they can be mutually linked for Golden opportunities galore. During the Progressive feature, Major and Grand jackpots are cash prizes while the Super Bonus and Mega Bonus award Free Games.

The Novo Line Golden Link Edition 1

multi-game comprises four Golden versions of absolute blockbuster games – Golden Book of Ra, Golden Dolphin’s Pearl, Golden Lord of the Ocean, Golden Sizzling Hot – as well as the marvellous new slot highlight Lady Victoria.

Superia Golden Link Volume 1 includes the stuff that jackpot dreams are made of: jewels and gaming gems in Gems Secrets; Egyptian treasures in the Golden Book of Ra; Asian charms in Golden Eden and Signs of Rich as well as lost treasures in the beautiful Golden Lord of the Ocean – all of them present Superior Golden chances to hit a jackpot. Each title combines the Lock ‘N’ Win Progressive jackpot feature with Free Games for superior gaming excitement.

At the London show, both mixes were be presented in a banked jackpot installation featuring the elegant Diamond X 2.32 multi-screen cabinet. Its two 32” game screens and the indirect silhouette lighting

concept featuring LEDs for the intelligent game-synched colour effects create a perfect framework for an intense gaming experience, while the smoothly integrated additional 32” topper caters for enhanced Progressives support and high visibility on the casino floor.

Thomas Schmalzer, VP Global Sales and VP Product Management Novomatic Ag, said of the products: “The Golden Link was one of our absolute highlights at this year’s ICE. Both versions – each in their own way – are a manifesto for our premise that Content is King.

"The Diamond X 2.32 as a cabinet provides the perfect backdrop to create what we call ‘gaming beyond expectations’. I am convinced that this product will prove itself very quickly on the international gaming floors and will convince both operators and their guests with outstanding performance and exciting game play.”


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Over the 12 months up to March 2022, 32 million people accessed online gambling platforms in the UK. Yet, while many gamblers follow legal regulations, those seeking new experiences, more opportunities and higher yields frequently cross virtual borders. Using widely available Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) allows them to do this seemingly without trace, driving an increase in illegal gambling across the globe.The number of UK bettors visiting black market gambling sites tripled during the Qatar World Cup, for example, while across the Atlantic, operators experienced 9,000 illegal betting attempts related to Super Bowl LVII. However, gambling businesses are not only at risk of legal repercussions. Many are losing out on huge numbers of potential customers through inaccurate VPN identifying solutions – tools they are required to implement to meet regulatory needs – potentially jeopardising millions in revenue.


To avoid the issues of unregulated markets – from money laundering and corruption to false advertising and affected minors – regulations have brought crucial rules that safeguard all parties. But while independent audits, background checks and support initiatives now ensure better protection, using a VPN creates risks for operators and gamblers alike. British citizens using platforms outside UK jurisdiction have no recourse to protections such as the GC (Gambling Commission) or IBAS (Independent Betting Adjudication Service). At the same time, platforms face the potential loss of both licences and revenue streams if they don’t

catch illegal players and VPNs pose sizeable challenges to doing so effectively.


Verifying mobile traffic has become a harder task amid the rapid increase in mobile gambling. This has knock-on effects when it comes to verifying mobile traffic: if users access the internet through 4G or 5G they can (and often do) disable location tracking, making it hard for location-related regulations to be enforced and illegal activity tracked. There are some options for operators here – such as harnessing CRM systems and in-app location data to shed additional light on user identity – but more refined insight is needed. Opting to simply block any user with an active VPN also comes with a high chance of cutting off legitimate users alongside those applying VPNs for nefarious purposes. An estimated 1.6 billion internet users run VPNs, many of whom cloak their identities due to privacy concerns. Operators looking to maintain compliance and capitalise on the UK’s £12.5bn ($15.3bn) online gambling market – currently the biggest worldwide – must therefore find smarter ways of assessing user validity.


One useful starting point is IP address data. To dive into the technical details briefly, IP addresses are expressed as a set of four numbers (such as with each number varying from 0 to 255; meaning the full range goes from to Using these numbers, IP intelligence software can pinpoint user location at a broad level, typically by accessing the first three sections to define region-level location. Deeper accuracy,

however, requires the full set. Truly smart tools can map all four sections, which provides an exact understanding of location down to the postcode level, without revealing personally identifiable information or compromising privacy. The most advanced solutions can also identify the 256 different address options when the first three octets are the same and drill down to determine which city is applicable for each variable.

This granularity helps avoid costly blanket blocking mistakes. Lacking the critical last piece of the IP address puzzle can mean that, when a potential VPN is detected, any IP addresses with three matching octets is blocked. Instead, comprehensive understanding of exactly where users are located ensures only specific addresses are flagged for investigation, including illegal users, while allowing operators to continue offering access for valuable, permitted users; not to mention gaining insight they can tap to deliver more tailored, engaging experiences.

Additionally, detailed connection information, such as VPN use, proxies, anonymisers, ISP, darknets, data and hosting centres, as well as different types of mobile traffic, also enables operators to successfully detect a greater number of suspicious connections. Some solutions are even able to differentiate between corporate VPNs, consumer VPNs or VPNs which cater to malicious actors. Global connectivity and access can make it difficult to keep markets regulated and players inside their borders. While there is no bulletproof way to prevent unauthorised access, automatically highlighting genuinely questionable traffic can give operators time to evaluate activity and separate the good from the bad. By focusing on accurate IP and connection data, gambling operators can protect and improve their services, benefiting end users in the process.

Charlie Johnson , VP, International at Digital Element, discusses using IP intelligence to reveal the hidden dangers of VPNs in betting