TV Tech - 0479 - Nov 2022

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virtualized playout p. 18 | November 2022

‘Expect Amazing’ Fox Sports gears up for the World Cup

equipment guide test equipment and signal monitoring


10 20

November 2022 volumn 40, issue 11



equipment guide


user reports test equipment & signal monitoring


Fox Sports Ready for 4K/HDR FIFA World Cup


World’s largest sporting event expected to attract 5 billion viewers By Mark R. Smith


Optimizing Ad Traffic in a Multichannel World

The move to remote production has clarified its role By Kevin Hilton


Broadcast management systems respond as platforms bloom and content grows By Susan Ashworth


Solving Broadcast’s Talent Crisis

Primary challenges include competition for better pay, inclusiveness By James Careless

Cloud Advances Push Virtual Playout to the Forefront

The Future of Primetime Network Television

Where will audiences watch their favorite programming? By Frank Beacham


As Time Flies, Technology Makes Advances Doug marks his 300th column By Doug Lung



• Blackmagic Design • Interra Systems • Telestream


in the news


eye on tech


people | | November 2022


editor’s note

NextGen TV: Five Years On Five years ago this month, the FCC formally approved the ATSC 3.0 standard (aka NextGen TV), ushering in a new generation of broadcasting that reflects the reality of 21st century media. The standard, which combines free over-the-air broadcasting with IP capabilities reflects years of development and is arguably the most advanced standard of its kind worldwide. Five years is a good milestone to take a look at where we stand. Station deployments have accelerated over the past year to the point where more than half of the nation’s households can access a NextGen TV signal and consumer set sales are fairly healthy, with the CTA predicting that 4.5 million-enabled sets will be sold in the U.S. by the end of the year. Four of the world’s largest set makers market NextGen TV, including LG, Samsung, Hisense and Sony, and sell TV sets that support ATSC 3.0. Despite these stats, public awareness is still fairly low when compared to other forms of media. Consumers don’t replace their TV sets very often so broadcasters need to find other ways to promote public access to NextGen TV, something that was on the mind of one FCC Commissioner recently. Commissioner Geoffrey Starks, who recently spoke about NextGen TV in a speech at the University of Pennsylvania Cary Law School Center for Technology, Innovation and Competition, suggested that the commission become more involved to help move the transition along, perhaps looking to the previous transition to ATSC 1.0 for answers. “Is there perhaps an effort for the FCC to lead here, as we did in developing a Congressionally mandated digital transition equipment subsidy program, or using our FCC Commissioner Geoffrey Starks role as the regulator of television equipment? Let’s get creative,” he said. Although Starks was highly optimistic about the chances for NextGen TV’s success, he also warned about privacy and security—issues that are foremost among many media executives when it comes to using the full potential of the standard. With the ability to collect massive amounts of data from viewers, broadcasters have a responsibility to protect these viewers, especially since broadcasters are public stewards of radio spectrum. “We need to be on the lookout for how to build in privacy-protective measures to this new technology while it’s developing,” Starks said. “We all know a lot more about personal data collection and use now than we did when tech companies first started collecting reams of this data 15–20 years ago. Broadcasters have the opportunity to live up to their reputations as trusted members of their communities and be good actors from the start. I call on them to do so.” Among the selling features of NextGen TV is that it can do the same things as OTT but so much more—emergency alerting, datacasting, personalization far beyond the capabilities of current services, to name a few. But along with these advanced features comes obligations not expected from other media. Local broadcasting, in particular, scores high points for trust and accuracy among local viewers. Let’s make sure that trust is maintained and fulfill Commissioner Starks’ call for responsible stewardship when it comes to privacy and security as the transition continues. Tom Butts Content Director


November 2022 | |

Vol. 40 No. 11 | November 2022 FOLLOW US CONTENT Content Director Tom Butts, Content Manager Terry Scutt, Senior Content Producer George Winslow, Contributors Gary Arlen, Susan Ashworth, James Careless, Kevin Hilton, John Maxwell Hobbs, Craig Johnston, Bob Kovacs and Mark R. Smith Production Managers Heather Tatrow, Nicole Schilling Managing Design Director Nicole Cobban Senior Design Director Cliff Newman ADVERTISING SALES Vice President, Sales, B2B Tech Group Adam Goldstein, SUBSCRIBER CUSTOMER SERVICE To subscribe, change your address, or check on your current account status, go to and click on About Us, email, call 888-266-5828, or write P.O. Box 8692, Lowell, MA 01853. LICENSING/REPRINTS/PERMISSIONS TV Technology is available for licensing. Contact the Licensing team to discuss partnership opportunities. Head of Print Licensing Rachel Shaw MANAGEMENT Senior Vice President Group Elizabeth Deeming VP, B2B Tech Group, Carmel King Head of Production US & UK Mark Constance Head of Design Rodney Dive FUTURE US, INC. 130 West 42nd Street, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10036

All contents © 2022 Future US, Inc. or published under licence. All rights reserved. No part of this magazine may be used, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any way without the prior written permission of the publisher. Future Publishing Limited (company number 2008885) is registered in England and Wales. Registered office: Quay House, The Ambury, Bath BA1 1UA. All information contained in this publication is for information only and is, as far as we are aware, correct at the time of going to press. Future cannot accept any responsibility for errors or inaccuracies in such information. You are advised to contact manufacturers and retailers directly with regard to the price of products/services referred to in this publication. Apps and websites mentioned in this publication are not under our control. We are not responsible for their contents or any other changes or updates to them. This magazine is fully independent and not affiliated in any way with the companies mentioned herein. If you submit material to us, you warrant that you own the material and/or have the necessary rights/permissions to supply the material and you automatically grant Future and its licensees a licence to publish your submission in whole or in part in any/all issues and/or editions of publications, in any format published worldwide and on associated websites, social media channels and associated products. Any material you submit is sent at your own risk and, although every care is taken, neither Future nor its employees, agents,subcontractors or licensees shall be liable for loss or damage. We assume all unsolicited material is for publication unless otherwise stated, and reserve the right to edit, amend, adapt all submissions. Please Recycle. We are committed to only using magazine paper which is derived from responsibly managed, certified forestry and chlorine-free manufacture. The paper in this magazine was sourced and produced from sustainable managed forests, conforming to strict environmental and socioeconomic standards. TV Technology (ISSN: 0887-1701) is published monthly by Future US, Inc., 130 West 42nd Street, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10036-8002. Phone: 978-667-0352. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to TV Technology, P.O. Box 848, Lowell, MA 01853.

in the news NAB: Broadcasters Could Lose $2.1B Without Third-Party Cookies Amid longstanding worries that the elimination of third-party cookies could have a major impact on the digital ad industry, the National Association of Broadcasters and Borrell Associates have released a new study that estimates broadcast TV and radio would lose $2.1 billion in digital advertising revenue annually, representing 6.3% of the industry’s total advertising revenue, if third-party cookies were eliminated today with no privacy-preserving alternatives. Google has said that it will begin phasing out third-party cookies that have traditionally been used to track online behavior in its web browser Chrome in the second half of 2024. The study, "State of the Industry Report: What The Loss Of Third-Party Cookies Means For Broadcasters," examined the phaseout of third-party tracking cookies used in digital advertising to estimate the financial impact on broadcasting. Borrell estimated the immediate

elimination of third-party data would result in an annual loss of $1.1 million for the average TV station and over $730,000 for the average multistation radio market cluster, with these losses possibly 40% larger by the end of 2024. The study found programmatic display and audience extension ads—the largest single sources of digital revenue for many broadcasters—would be negatively impacted by the phaseout of cookies, though previous research has found publishers are overestimating their value and profitability, NAB said. Yet, the study stressed that the phase-out of third-party cookies offers an opportunity for broadcasters to increase their digital advertising revenue by spurring the development of initiatives focused on firstparty data, or data that is set and accessible only by a website owner. George Winslow

Nielsen: YouTube Replaces Netflix as Top Streamer Streaming's share of TV viewing hit another recordhigh share in September, capturing 36.9% of overall television usage as YouTube emerged as the most popular streaming platform, beating out Netflix for the first time according to Nielsen's latest report from The Gauge, the media measurement company's monthly total TV and streaming snapshot. Broadcast also saw an increase in September with its share of TV climbing to 24.2%, while cable's share dropped to 33.8%. Television usage as a whole was up 2.4% in September compared to August.

The broadcast category showed the largest month-overmonth increase with a 12.4% bump in usage in September, which was driven by an impressive 222% uptick in sports viewing, Nielsen reported. This led to an additional 2.1 share points for broadcast this month compared to August, its largest share of television since May 2022 when it captured 24.4%. But on a yearly basis, broadcast's viewing volume was down 7.1% compared to one year ago, and the category lost 2.1 share points, according to Nielsen. George Winslow

NAB Show New York Attracts 9,500+ NAB says 9,576 attendees visited NAB Show New York, held at the Javits Center, Oct. 19–20. This year’s event marks the first time the show was held in person since 2019. The show floor featured 245 exhibitors showcasing the latest technology in media and entertainment. The 2023 NAB Show New York will be held Oct. 25–26, 2023. AES, which was held in conjunction with NAB Show New York, reported that nearly 7,000 attended its show, which featured 100 exhibitors. Combined, the two shows attracted approximately 16,500 attendees and hosted 350 exhibitors. “The turnout for NAB Show New York reinforces the power of our brand and the value of in-person trade shows,” said NAB President and CEO Curtis LeGeyt. “We are incredibly thankful to our exhibitors, speakers, partners and attendees for making this event a success, and we are excited to build on the momentum leading into NAB Show in Las Vegas.” Tom Butts


November 2022 | |

in the news


C21 Set to Acquire NATPE British publisher C21 says it has issued a letter of intent to the management of the National Association of Television and Programming Executives to acquire the assets of the association after it entered Chapter 11 earlier this month. Any such acquisition would require and be subject to the approval of the bankruptcy court, C21 said. NATPE announced last month that it planned on filing bankruptcy due to being adversely impacted by the COVID pandemic, which prevented the association from holding events that typically generated the bulk of their revenues. These cancellations forced NATPE to operate on its financial reserves and ultimately forced it to file for Chapter 11 to reorganize the NATPE business structure, it said. The association held its first inperson gathering in two and a half years in Budapest in June this year and announced then that it would be moving its January 2023 gathering from the Bahamas to Miami and returning to Budapest for a Eurofocused event in June 2023. Despite the bankruptcy announcement, NATPE said it planned on going ahead with the two previously announced events, which C21 has also committed to, issuing a letter of intent to hold “Content Americas” (the new name of the formerly planned NATE events) in Miami in early 2023, with focus on Latin American, U.S. and international content coproduction, sales, distribution and development. Content East, meanwhile, will take place in Budapest in June 2023, focusing on connecting the Central & Eastern European content business with the international market. Tom Butts


November 2022 | |

Could ‘Thursday Night Football’ Return To Broadcast?


streams to carry the games, MLB streams as ven those mildly interested in the NFL part of its MLB.TV service, Netflix uses to have had to notice “Thursday Night deliver “Stranger Things,” Hulu relies on to Football” isn’t on NBC this year. While carry its lineup or the programming of any “Law & Order” and its many iterations, other established or emerging content provider which the network now airs on Thursday night, that wishes to stream to viewers. draw a large audience of loyal fans, In an ATSC 3.0 world, those dramas aren’t quite the same broadcasters aren’t simply another as a gridiron contest. source of TV content; they are the But in the context of football, keepers of thousands of wireless there may be a bootleg play that data pipes designed specifically can ensure “Thursday Night for robust delivery of IP packets. Football” returns for the long haul In other words, they can become to broadcast. a new purveyor of “last mile” data No, I don’t mean “Sunday delivery service to the home. Night Football” on Thursday—the I’ve always thought about the Rams vs. the Bills on Sept. 8, nor Phil Kurz big data pipe of 3.0 in the context the Thanksgiving Day matchup of wireless IP packet delivery for between the Patriots and the Vikings. applications like navigation data and software I mean the whole shebang as produced and updates to cars and trucks or even highly streamed by Amazon Prime. precise positioning data for agriculture and While this might be inconceivable in a other applications. traditional digital television world (aka ATSC While I’ve had fleeting thoughts about 3.0 1.0), it starts to make sense in a NextGen TV being used to deliver streaming content in the era where content isn’t simply moving pictures past, there was something about “Thursday and sound and what’s transmitted isn’t an Night Football” accessed via Amazon Prime MPEG-2 Transport Stream. on my iPad that made it real to me like never It occurred to me the other night when I before. tapped on my iPad’s Amazon Prime icon and If broadcasters can stream IP packets reliably selected “Thursday Night Football” that the on a mass basis to the home and offer that return of the nationally televised game to service at a rate that is competitive to other broadcast isn’t an impossibility at all. Neither last mile alternatives, why wouldn’t Amazon or is it inconceivable that any other TV content, any other OTT service or FAST channel at least movie or special event with a large audience consider 3.0 as a viable last-mile solution? offered by an OTT service or FAST channel As I write this, Pearl TV has issued a press could also find a broadcast home. release on its new FastTrack program that For years, I have been concerned that sports aims to accelerate development and retail leagues and college athletic conferences will availability of low-cost HDMI 3.0 accessory whittle away at broadcasters’ TV rights as receivers for the “91% of households that have they roll out their own streaming services, and displays with an HDMI input” but lack one day broadcasters would be on the outside 3.0 reception. The program is intended looking at a lot of time to fill in their schedules to help “manufacturers interested where games once were telecast. The move of in making devices that support the the Thursday night game to Amazon Prime full NextGen TV service feature set.” seemed to me like a small, incremental One can only hope that includes the step in that general direction. datacasting hooks to support last mile But as “Thursday Night Football” delivery of OTT content via 3.0. popped onto the screen of my iPad, At the risk of mixing metaphors, is it dawned on me that broadcasters it a slam dunk that “Thursday Night could have a major role to play in Football” will return to broadcast? Not the future delivery of the IP at all. But it is at least a Hail Mary. l packets that Amazon Prime

world cup preview

USA’s Gio Reyna takes (#11) a shotaduring US US takes shot during Mens National Teams 2022 FIFA World Cup Qualifier vs. Panama at Exploria Stadium in Orlando, Florida

Fox Sports Ready for 4K/HDR FIFA World Cup World’s largest sporting event expected to attract 5 billion viewers

Fox Sports anticipates huge audiences will be focused on their screens of choice across Fox, FS1 and the Fox Sports app. That means Kevin Callahan, vice president of field operations for Fox Sports, and the 150-plusmember crew will be working within a huge production to meet bigger expectations.


Credit: Getty Images; Fox

By Mark R. Smith

DOHA, QATAR—Imagine such a massive sporting event: Ten venues, including eight stadiums, all within a 45-minute radius. Sixty-four matches in just less than a month, plus a fan fest. And the potential for an audience of 5 billion viewers worldwide, according to the International Federation of Association Football. That can only be the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Fox Sports, the U.S. broadcaster for the event, will shoot and broadcast all matches in native 4K HDR, with studio programming to be upscaled from 1080p HDR to 4K HDR, according to Kevin Callahan, vice president


November 2022 | |

“The Qataris have cooling technology that uses air pressure to push hot air out of each stadium to the point that you need a light jacket indoors when it’s sweltering outside.” KEVIN CALLAHAN, FOX SPORTS

of field operations for the network. Domestic coverage begins Sunday, Nov. 20 and wraps up with the final, Dec. 18 at Lusail Stadium.

In early October, Callahan and company were getting down to the nitty-gritty of the enormous undertaking, which started with building two nerve centers: The Fox transmission facility at the Qatar National Convention Centre, the home of the International Broadcast Center. The facility will accommodate more than 75 broadcasters. “All of the broadcasters will have a presence there and their feeds will be shared between the countries,” Callahan said. “That means we’ll all get 40 feeds from every match,” he said, noting the Fox equipment roster that includes an EVS router, two Ross switchers, EVS servers, Grass Valley

Alchemists for image processing, Calrec audio consoles and a Riedel intercom system. “There is also a video sharing platform that will allow all of the broadcasters to tell the bigger story, rather than just their own,” Callahan added. Fox’s other nerve center will be the Corniche Studio, its unilateral position. At press time, Callahan and Vice President of Studio Remote Operations Rod Conti were working with FIFA’s creative services team to acquire permission from the Qataris to build its broadcast center along the seven-meter Doha Bay waterfront promenade (aka the “Corniche”). It will include four sets for the various dayparts, including an all-LED demo field like that used during the network’s NFL coverage. The stage is being constructed by Filmworks with the skeleton made of Mod Truss, a self-ballasting metal that will be incorporated due to the potential for high winds along the shoreline. Fox is also working with Creative Technologies to install 20 LED screens—six facing the crowd, seven Penta Center interior screens, one

floor screen, four west stage header screens and two interior screens—for production purposes, as well as for messaging the fervent fans who queue up along the Corniche. The purpose-built production facility will span 45x10 meters within two stories. It will house 18 Grass Valley LDX 150 cameras with Canon (20x5 and 14x4.3) lenses, GVG switcher, GVG Alchemist frame rate converters, an EVS video router, EVS replay servers and Calrec audio consoles. The mic roster includes 24 Sanken COS 11-Ds wireless mics via the Shure Axient.

REMOTE SAVINGS But one production element that won’t be seen in Doha is graphics equipment or artists. “They will remain at Fox headquarters in Los Angeles,” said Callahan,

which is a change in general production at the network from the 2018 World Cup that was inspired by the pandemic. Fox Sports is using Vizrt products extensively for its World Cup 2022 broadcasts, including multiple instances of Viz Engine and Viz Trio. The Fox team chose Viz Engine to help remove some of the complexity of its live graphics production and distribution, while Viz Trio, an advanced playout control application, allows Fox operators to control



world cup preview

world cup preview

Credit: Getty Images, Fox

data-driven, real-time graphics. Additionally, the network will use a complete NDI cloud workflow to help distribute live digital media from existing software applications, computing devices and networks from L.A. to Qatar. Using NDI is helping Fox avoid the cost of purchasing additional hardware and travelling with additional production personnel to Qatar. Callahan said the 2022 broadcast will mark the first time a U.S. English language broadcaster has had an in-stadium presence at all eight match venues. “Our match crews are always travelling,” he said, “but in this case, no one will need to get on a plane.” Within those venues, Host Broadcast Services will employ at least 40 cameras for each match. That means Fox will concentrate on side positions, using the Sony PXW-FX9s and VENICE 2s, using between two to six for each match. In addition, each venue will have its own Riedel intercom system. In addition, the Fan Fest will be held in Al Bidda Park, where Fox will have a full live set on a 5x5-meter platform. Connections between all 10 venues and the IBC will require one gigabit of fiber “or more than 20 miles. The facilities are all IP,” Callahan said. Diversified Systems is building out 2110 IP-based flypacks for the spectacle and eight 100-GigE services will be used to transmit the signals back to the U.S.

The 80,000 seat Lusail Stadium will host the final game of the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

“While we’re working outside at the Corniche, we’re on the night shift to ensure that we’re working safe,” said Callahan. “When the building is complete, we’ll add more than 80 tons of air conditioning equipment. That’s more than a large building in the U.S. would require.” CLIMATIC CHALLENGES Then consider the venues. Of course, building such a massive setup “Seven are new, save Khalifa would be tough in any weather, but try A TV camera operator sets up inside Lusail Stadium. International Stadium, and all doing it in a desert where the daily high will be repurposed after the temperature normally reaches the mid-90s World Cup,” Callahan said. each stadium,” he said, “to the point that and sometimes triple digits—and it’s not “The Qataris have cooling technology that you need a light jacket indoors when it’s a dry heat, either. That fact has required a uses air pressure to push hot air out of sweltering outside.” careful approach by the Fox crew. So, what’s the main difference between the World Cup and other major sporting events? “It’s that we’re not the only broadcaster,” Callahan said, “so it’s not like the Super Bowl, where we have more influence. Here, we’re just one of many broadcasters from around the world, so we have to apply to FIFA for what we need and compete with the other broadcasters to get it.” So for now, the sleeves are still rolled up and it’s back to work, because as the FIFA World Cup gets rolling, downtime is nil. “Another difference here is that we’re broadcasting 48 matches in the first 13 days, then 16 the last 16,” he said, “so the big push is upfront. Fox Sports’ “‘Tis the FIFA World Cup” creative campaign is promoting its World Cup coverage with a star“So in that way, it’s like the Olympics,” studded spot titled “Superfan Santa” featuring Jon Hamm as Santa Claus discovering the news of the FIFA World Cup taking place during the holiday season. Callahan said, “but it’s all soccer.” l


November 2022 | |

traffic management

Optimizing Ad Traffic in a Multichannel World Broadcast management systems respond as platforms bloom and content grows Open standards are behind the integration of the Imagine GamePlan ad decision and optimization engine and the Imagine AOS cloudnative sales technology platform, which can be used to target audiences across different impressions.

By Susan Ashworth

SAN FRANCISCO—As networks broadcast and stream a growing number of channels, the technology that controls everything from ad sales to traffic and billing is evolving as well. New tools and strategies abound for helping content creators handle the growth of those channels. And as the name implies, today’s broadcast management systems have expanded and grown to offer content creators a better means of achieving that control. The goals? As varied as the content itself: Reducing operational complexity and costs. Selling advertising at a local and national level and on multiple platforms. Addressing HR issues. Automating order workflows. Identifying and executing audience-targeted orders at scale.

more critical to ensure that organizations have a flexible and adaptable BMS,” said Jimshade Chaudhari, senior vice president of product for Marketron. “Given the increase in channels and the associated content, manual processes and siloed systems can no longer meet broadcaster’s needs. “ Earlier this year, two companies joined forces around the concept of standards-based platforms, open source architecture. For the Operative and Imagine Communications, that

OPEN SOURCED As the requests grow, broadcast management systems have responded—some by building systems around a flexible, open source architecture; others by consolidating assets across a portfolio in an effort to respond more effectively to media buyers. “The increase in channels has made it even


November 2022 | |

Jimshade Chaudhari, senior vice president of product for Marketron

means ingesting orders from Imagine’s GamePlan ad decision and optimization engine from Operative’s cloud-native sales platform AOS, a partnership that enables a buyer to target audiences across different impressions—including geographic location or device type—as well as process orders across all types of different platforms using Imagine inventory management solutions. ”Our partnership with Operative enables our clients to streamline their operations across multiple media forms and to address the increasing desire to be able to sell on an audience basis,” said Tom Cotney, CEO of Imagine Communications.

AUDIENCE FIRST Those types of partnerships highlight the importance of taking an audience-first approach to selling advertising. Since audiences are more fragmented than ever, there is less guarantee that buying a specific TV show will deliver the specific audience. This is where NextGen TV steps in. The technology can deliver this by relying on consumer-driven demand to keep local TV competitive with growing OTT platforms. “And while this will level the playing field by allowing local TV to meet their advertisers’ changing needs… creating a common currency between linear and all digital assets will make it easier for broadcasters to sell their multiplatform ads,” Chaudhari said. “It’s important that modern BMS platforms recognize this and prepare broadcasters for this future.” Over the past decade, broadcast management technology has steadily grown from standalone traffic and billing systems into integrated tools that manage content throughout its life cycle. That’s been a priority for companies like Myers, whose ProTrack software solution ProTrack centralizes content and allows users to acquire, schedule, monetize and distribute content from a single point of control. Systems that were traditionally considered core traffic and billing are now expanding their systems with add-ons and built-in third-party technology integrations. ProTrack, which made its name in the traffic and billing space, now integrates with automation, accounts receivable and media asset management. Myers provides broadcast management systems to the vast majority of PBS member stations across the country, a unique challenge since public media companies must meet all the same responsibilities as a commercial network but with far fewer resources and revenue opportunities. Today, must-have features for networks like PBS now include automation log monitoring, schedule placement confirmation

traffic management and report generation.

UNIFYING OPERATIONS Other systems strive to meet multiple goals while simultaneously prepping to handle multichannel environments. Advanced planning, rights and scheduling, spot placement technology and ad sales and commercial scheduling are part of Imagine’s Ad Tech product suite. Technologies like the company’s LandmarkOSI traffic and billing system, Broadcast Master management suite for scheduling and finance or xG Linear scalable traffic for MVPD are designed to competently manage single or multichannel environments across multiple platforms. Unifying station operations on a shared technology infrastructure is another key priority for broadcasters with multiple stations in multiple markets. Large ownership groups are using WideOrbit’s WO Traffic system as a foundation to leverage new revenue streams by merging station operations on a single, collectively shared foundation. Like the infrastructure behind other traffic systems, WO Traffic integrates with other suites like analytics, sales, payments and airtimes while WideOrbit Placer works to determine proper spot placement for all advertisers as well as simplifies billing. That last piece was particularly important during the Covid-19 pandemic. Content creators needed to simplify the process of obtaining receivables, such as when religious broadcaster Bonneville International used the WideOrbit WO Payments Suite to help make decisions about clients who were struggling financially because of the pandemic.

“The increase in channels has made it even more critical to ensure that organizations have a flexible and adaptable BMS.” JIMSHADE CHAUDHARI, MARKETRON

“Because we have all the industry information coming out of our WideOrbit system, [we looked at industries like] the entertainment or tourist industries [and could be] more flexible [about payments] because that’s an industry that [was] hit harder [by the pandemic],” said Ken Nate, CFO and executive vice president for Bonneville. “We think this creates an opportunity for improvement down the road for both us and our clients.”

STREAMLINE INTERNAL PROCESSES Managing resources was also the impetus behind a UK studio selecting a new media operations platform to manage everything from studio bookings to quote creation. A joint venture of Sky and NBCUniversal, Sky Studios Elstree is using the Xytech Media Operations Platform resource management software to help streamline the film and TV studio’s internal processes like cost management and resource scheduling. That was also behind Viasat Broadcasting’s decision to turn to Xytech to manage staff and bookings for the network. With about 400

Xytech recently launched its new Media Operations Platform, which provides one command center for all media, allowing broadcast and production teams to create and deliver content; orchestrate people, resources and facilities; and plan logistics.

employees and 64 Viasat channels, the European TV operator needed an integrated system to manage and report on all operational and financial activities. “Xytech software offers a multitude of features when it comes to handling the complex requirements of bookings,” said Matt Waldock, Xytech vice president and director of business development for EMEA. “Our Media Operations Platform allows for quick and efficient quote and order creation. As bookings are added or changed, the system updates the display in real time, putting automated financial transparency directly into clients’ hands,” he added. With the continued expansion of alternate viewing platforms, local broadcast TV is changing the way viewers consume their content — which changes the way in which advertising has to be bought and sold. Broadcasters looking to maximize their current core business must also effectively manage revenue that is now coming from OTT and third-party digital advertising. As with other broadcast management systems, the Integration Suite from Marketron is designed to serve as a single ecosystem. Working with business platforms like Salesforce and NetSuite, the system can handle billing export features, digital advertising, social media verification and electronic sales orders. The system works side by side with the Marketron REV sales platform, which addresses proposal creation, linear TV order entry and real-time data reporting leading to more revenue on every order via intelligent dynamic pricing and direct traffic integration, Chaudhari said. “All of this technology is built on an open platform that can be integrated into broadcasters existing systems via APIs, helping broadcasters augment their capabilities without having to rip out their core infrastructure,” he said. To demonstrate its efforts to accommodate an expanding array of advertisers, Marketron last month added new capabilities to its Marketron NXT digital ad platform that enable all broadcast and media companies to deliver digital ad solutions to advertisers operating in restricted industries, including cannabis, CBD, gambling, alcohol, fireworks and politics, thereby driving revenue from previously limited verticals. As the market changes, so too must modern broadcast management systems — from aggregating data to holistic business-level reporting to ensuring the right programming appears on the right channel. “This level of flexibility prepares broadcasters for continued success as advertiser and consumer demands evolve,” Chaudhari said. l | | November 2022


recruiting new blood

Solving Broadcast’s Talent Crisis Primary challenges include competition for better pay, inclusiveness By James Careless

ONTARIO—The broadcast industry is facing a human resource crisis as experienced engineers retire and potential new hires are more attracted to IT with higher pay. At the same time, underutilized workforce segments including women, people of color, and veterans offer a wealth of talent to the industry that has yet to be fully tapped. These facts pose two key challenges to TV broadcasters large and small: How does the industry compete with IT to recruit new blood? And how can it attract a more diverse workforce that better reflects society?

THE ‘IT’ FACTOR There appear to be two reasons that broadcasters have trouble competing with the IT industry for new talent. The first is money: IT pays more than TV. “Our number one, two and three problems are salary, salary, salary,” said Jim Ocon, president of Ocon Solutions (a product interface and integration company), and chairman of OConsortium (a group of independent companies focussing on cutting-edge media technology). “The challenge here is that broadcast TV engineers are not being paid at a par with what they can make in IT, at a time when our industry is becoming more IT-driven.” According to the Society of Broadcast Engineers, which conducts an annual salary survey, the TV and Radio group has an average (all title and markets) of $89,630 with SBE Certification, and $93,242 with SBE Certification. Those amounts are hard to compete with when IT companies can offer starting salaries as high


November 2022 | |

Michelle Duke, (L) NABLF President and NAB Chief Diversity Officer, and Carrie Wootten, Managing Director of Rise

as in the low six figures. “Compensation is obviously a powerful incentive when accepting a job,” said Andrea Cummis, CBT, SBE president. “It certainly is in the interest of the station owners to hire quality talent. Broadcasting is a technical industry. Qualified technical personnel ensure the facility and the operation will function at their maximum capability. Attracting and retaining qualified technical personnel is in the long-term interest of owners and operators.” In a bid to address this problem, Gray Television recently boosted its minimum wage to $18 per hour company-wide on Oct. 1, 2022. Roughly 2,000 employees received a raise as a result of this new policy. Still, the best remedy to IT’s salary advantage is to match what they offer, or beat it. The second reason is perception. Millennials and other prospective new hires see IT as “cool,” while broadcast TV— which they identify with their parents’ generation—is not. Ocon advises broadcasters to seek out those who are passionate about broadcasting at the earliest possible age. “It’s like teaching; you need to recruit people who will enter the profession for the love of the job,” he said. “To find them,

broadcasters have to start early in middle and high schools, to educate students about what TV broadcasting is all about.”

TAPPING UNDERUTILIZED TALENT The push to increase diversity and inclusion in broadcasting is more than morally just: It is also fiscally sound. “As an industry we have been too reliant on new entrants coming automatically into our sector for a job, but now we need to heavily invest in reaching out and finding that diverse talent,” said Carrie Wootten, managing director of Rise, the global not-forprofit membership organization supporting gender diversity in the M&E tech sector. “There is a severe skills crisis, a lack of diverse talent and a lack of a pipeline of talent coming into the industry,” she added. “The world is full of talented, inspiring and brilliant people—we just have to go out and get them.” Rise is doing what it can to make this happen, with the backing of industry partners such as Blackmagic Design, BT Sport, Clear-Com, ITV, Sky and Warner Bros. Discovery and The group’s “Rise Up Academy” holds hands-on practical workshops, master classes and

summer schools to reach and encourage youth from lower socioeconomic and ethnically diverse communities to learn about broadcasting as a career path. “Our goal in 2022 was to reach 2,000 young people and we will achieve this,” said Wootten. “In 2023, we are looking to expand our program of work internationally, working in Sydney, Singapore and the U.S. to reach 5,000 young people.” “We are actively involved in both the Rise Academy and Rise Mentoring scheme,” said Mike Ward,’s head of marketing. “We run a ‘Singular For Good’ program that gives away Pro-equivalent accounts completely free to educational institutions or nonprofits. We also make a watermarked version of Singular available to anyone for free, along with all our tutorials and training content so that anyone can learn our platform as a way to start their career in our industry.” The National Association of Broadcasters’ Leadership Foundation spearheads efforts to promote diversity and inclusion through a range of initiatives, including the Broadcast Leadership Training (BLT) program, a 10-month executive MBA-style program for senior level broadcasters—particularly women or people of color—whose career goals are to become group executives or station owners; and the six-month Media Sales Academy fellowship program that prepares senior level college students and recent graduates for internships and entry-level media sales positions at broadcast stations. The NABLF also offers the Emerson Coleman Fellowship to increase diversity within the broadcast industry, and the six-month, paid Technology Apprenticeship Program to

recruiting new blood

Gray TV recently announced the participants in its first Media Training Center internship program.

train, inform and recruit a diverse technology workforce in broadcasting. “Our mission is to provide overall leadership and guidance to the broadcasting industry,” said NABLF President and NAB Chief Diversity Officer Michelle Duke. “This means providing

leadership management tools, skills, training and resources to all broadcasters so that they can realize the benefits of making their workforces more diverse and inclusive.” On a corporate basis, broadcasters such as Gray and WLBT-TV in Jackson, Miss., are

taking action to increase diversity and inclusion. Recently the two selected the first group of students who will participate in the Gray Media Training Center internship program. Funded at more than $1 million, the program will train Mississippi students at historically Black colleges and universities

for careers in the evolving media environment. Veterans are yet another underutilized pool of talent. Veterans-TV, a non-profit, nonpartisan organization provides hands-on TV production and post-production technical training to U.S. veterans and their families using the 53-foot “Denali Gold” OB Truck donated to VETV by NEP (see “Veteran’s TV Offers a Big Lesson for Living in These Times,” TV Tech, October, 2022). Collectively, these efforts are really working to bring new blood into TV broadcasting. “But we need to do more, and do it collectively across the whole industry,” said Wootten. “I chaired a panel at IBC and every representative said that the skills crisis is now impacting their bottom line. [So] we need to collaborate and work quickly. Otherwise the future looks very bleak indeed.” l | | October 2022


virtualized playout

Cloud Advances Push Virtual Playout to the Forefront The move to remote production has clarified its role By Kevin Hilton

LONDON—Playout has always been a crucial element in the broadcast distribution chain but it is becoming even moreso due to changing requirements and technological capabilities. Broadcast technology developers like to talk in terms of evolution when it comes to advances in equipment and operational practices. The area of broadcasting that has perhaps evolved in the true sense of the word is playout. Over the years it has moved from being based on videotape—initially played out from banks of individual machines and then later automated carousels—within a broadcaster’s headquarters to third party facilities, with the further shift to file and server-based distribution. That evolution has continued with the advent of the cloud, where files may be located outside the control center, with the most recent advancement being the further shift to remote or from-home working. While the adoption of virtual techniques were largely foisted on the TV sector due to the Covid outbreak, they were already being used in some circumstances and were only going to become more widespread in the future. Covid, as with so many things, compelled broadcasters to bring their plans for this kind of implementation forward.

live and more targeted broadcasts. “This evolution is crucial as consumer expectations for FAST [free ad-supported streaming TV] and OTT platforms are trending towards live, regionalized and fresh content, not just a string of reruns delivered in a linear fashion.” Mat Shell, head of sales at Pebble, acknowledges that the lockdowns and resulting shift to working from home increased the need for secure remote access to playout systems. “System implementations obviously had to change,” he says. “The majority of broadcasters are still commissioning bare-metal systems as they contemplate their transitions to more flexible IP-based technologies, but regardless of whether it’s a playout solution deployed on premises or is virtualized or a mixture of both, what has driven the most change is the need to control those systems remotely in a secure way.” Web-based monitoring and control systems enable broadcasters to run channels either within a traditional transmission control area or

from an outside location, which includes other premises or an operator’s home. As for other requirements, Shell says broadcasters are “likely to want their linear channels or playout facility” to feed any OTT platforms they operate. “They may also wish for linear channels to feature on YouTube, complete with unique branding,” he says. “Broadcasters additionally want the ability for playout systems—both on the ground and virtualized—to cater for pop-up or event channels, specifically for OTT streaming.”

LINEAR, OTT COMMONALITIES Streaming services, notably for VOD, were included under the general heading of “broadcast” but there was the impression that more conventional TV organizations with roots in the linear world still viewed their OTT rivals as being in a different category, both in terms of audiences and technology. These two areas are now much closer together, particularly, observes Martin Whittaker, technical product director for MAM

COMFORT LEVEL “Generally speaking, media companies are more comfortable following pandemicforced virtualized workforces with virtualized workflows,” said Rick Young, senior vice president and head of global products at LTN Global. “It feels like the industry jumped threeto-five years ahead in terms of location-agnostic production, playout and media management.” Pre-pandemic, virtual playout was dominated by channels containing only pre-recorded, non-live programming. “That is not the case today, as channel creators are beginning to understand what is possible when mixing live and non-live programs,” Young said. Young adds that audience tastes have also driven a change in how services are organized and presented, with a growing demand for


November 2022 | |

Cosmos from PlayBox Technology virtualizes the process of channel management under control from a standard enterprise computer via a firewall-protected secure internet connection.

virtualized playout and automation at Evertz, on the technical side. “Both groups—broadcast and OTT, DTC [Direct to Consumer] and digital applications— want to create playout channels quickly and easily for the lowest cost possible and control/monitor these systems from anywhere,” he said. “This in turn generates the largest possible return on investment. Overall, customers are looking for systems that give them extreme flexibility, agility and adaptability to optimize content monetization for the lowest possible cost.” While the market is still polarized, Sanjay Duda, chief operating officer at Planetcast Media Services, views the divide as being between big broadcasters with a large number of channels that feel responsible for delivering content and information to their viewers or subscribers; and “decentralized content generators” that distribute minority interest programming for a set period of time. “As a playout operator, you need to be able to cater to both sides,” he said. “You have the long-term solutions on one side but you also need to have pop-up or niche channels.” Another element in the playout equation,

Duda continues, is the commercial imperative, although this has to be considered in relation to technology. “There’s a huge push towards how this is monetized, [which could be] by creating multiple feeds from the same playout for various platforms. Those are very important features as are being able to push in any last minute ads. In the U.S., FAST channels are taking the whole place by storm because it’s become a revenue-generating model where you create a stream and deliver it on to Smart TVs.”

TRANSPARENT TO THE USER At one time this kind of capability would have been delivered by highly sophisticated and complex equipment. Today, says Phillip Neighbour, COO at PlayBox Technology, broadcasters, content providers and facilities want simplicity, while also benefiting from the latest technologies. “They expect a high degree of automation, now supported by machine learning and artificial intelligence,” he said. “The whole system, from ingest to playout, has to be controlled from a single,

intuitive user interface that tells the operator when an action is needed but which generally handles everything to the planned schedule.” All playout functionality, Neighbour explains, can now be implemented in software, with modern design principles utilizing microservices that can be combined as necessary to provide the required functionality for a particular channel. “Channel-in-a-box is not a new concept,” he says, “although with modern software techniques it is extremely efficient and function-rich. Because of virtualization, broadcasters and media companies are rapidly moving towards channels without a box, either in data hubs in the machine room, a corporate or shared data center or in the public cloud.” After a relatively long and steady progression, playout as a technology area appears to be going through an accelerated evolutionary period right now. Whether that slows or increases in pace appears to depend not only on the ambitions of broadcasters and streaming services but also the viewing habits of their audiences. l

media tech

The Future of Primetime Network Television

Recently Disney moved its popular “Dancing With the Stars” series to Disney+ after 17 years on ABC.

Where will audiences watch their favorite programming?

Credit: Disney


air television. (Let’s be clear—this ince NBCUniversal does not include live sports, confirmed to The Wall events or late-night programStreet Journal earlier this ming, which will remain broadfall that it is considering cast staples for the foreseeable ending its network programming future.) The burst of streaming at 10 p.m. and giving that hour media choices, however, was back to its affiliates, speculation bound to put financial pressure has been running rampant about on the networks’ primetime the decline of network primetime schedules. programming. Television began with only I’m surprised by this reaction EXPERTISE three networks competing among since this trend is nothing new Frank Beacham themselves in the 1950s. Now and has been going on for a long there are dozens of networks— time. It is part of a slow, gradual many with very compelling programs. The shift of scripted programming toward online competition for eyeballs is more ferocious streaming media from over-the-air primetime than ever. broadcasting. If NBC does cut back its primeSo, of course, costs are not only a concern time schedule—and it very well might—no for the broadcast networks, but also for highly decision will be made until next year. competitive streaming outlets as well. Even NBCU’s Peacock, the network’s new streaming COMMON SENSE media arm, is ramping up its spending on new Let’s use a little common sense here. The shows. That is bound to put pressure on the handwriting has long been on the wall for costs at the NBC on-air network. top-tier scripted programming on over-the-


November 2022 | |

The fact is there are some great shows being made today—perhaps the best in the history of the television medium. The problem is, to watch most of them requires much agility on the part of the viewer and fees to a range of streaming services. A lot of us do “free trials” to watch shows we want to see and then forget to cancel the service. I get it— that’s a clear business model for streaming services. There is also the issue of commercials. Yes, network television is supposedly “free” (that’s another argument), but many of us now have developed an intolerance for commercial breaks. We got that from paid streaming media services, thank you. Also, hybrid broadcast-internet late night shows have changed television. I can’t remember ever watching “The Late Show with Stephen Colbert” on a live feed; I always watch it the next day on the internet. All television is fragmenting in different directions and that is part of the complications for the traditional over-the-air networks.

media tech

Let’s face it, though most of us enjoy watching good, creatively produced television programming, where we watch it is definitely changing. Broadcast network television is no longer the big dog in the viewing game. “Networks are at an inflection point in terms of costs,” a broadcast veteran told Hollywood’s Deadline. “Live sports have emerged as the main driver going forward, and their high prices are putting pressure on costs for the rest of the lineup. The question is whether affiliates would like fewer hours of primetime network programming.”

GAME-CHANGER I see the internet as a game-changer that will gradually erode over-the-air primetime broadcasting, especially if the best shows (and most costly) continue to move to pay services. There is only so much good programming and

where it is shown will determine where the audience follows. NBCU, which owns 43 NBC and Telemundo affiliates, could see cutting its network primetime programming to enhance those local broadcasters. But again, what viewers want to watch in that late primetime hour will be determined by program quality and little else. My guess is some affiliates will strike gold, while others will flounder. It all depends on the quality of the programming the station

The burst of streaming media choices was bound to put financial pressure on the networks’ primetime schedules.

puts in that hour. ABC, owned by Disney, is mainly focused now on Disney+, ESPN+ and FX/Hulu. Recently, Disney moved its “Dancing with the Stars” to Disney+ after 17 years with the ABC network. That’s a sure sign of changing priorities. Though there is no change yet afoot at CBS, Fox has slimmed down its primetime lineup and altered its programming due to the Disney-Fox deal. Since the merger, Fox has mainly focused on sports, animation and non-scripted entertainment. Of course, driving all broadcast primetime is advertising. That number has been reduced to the over-the-air networks from its high point of $70 billion several years ago. Five streaming services—Hulu, HBO Max, Discovery+, Paramount and Peacock—accounted for 65% of online spending last year. It should be noted that NBC, ABC and CBS are the only English-language broadcast networks that currently air shows at 10 p.m. each weeknight. Those shows are usually dramas. It also should be noted that each of the broadcasters has experienced primetime ratings declines over the past decade. Other networks that have reduced their primetime schedules over the years include The CW and Fox. Television is transitioning very slowly, but it is clear that traditional broadcast networks are gradually being cut back in order to fund streaming. This trend is not new and continues at a steady pace. The lesson is this: great programming will always have viewers. Where audiences watch it is constantly changing. l Frank Beacham is a New York City-based writer and media producer.

Credit: CBS

Why watch “The Late Show With Stephen Colbert” live when you can view it online the next day?

rf technology

As Time Flies, Technology Makes Advances Doug marks his 300th column


Schwarz transmitter for installastarted writing RF Technology tion at One World Trade Center. columns for TV Technology The use of Doherty amplifiers (now TV Tech) 31 years ago allowed solid- state amplifiers to and this article represents exceed the efficiency of the IOT my 300th column. In the 1980s, (inductive output tube) amplibefore starting my column I did fiers and approach or exceed some reviews on equipment such the system efficiency of MSDC as a Leitch VITS inserter and the (multi-stage depressed collector) Abekas A42 still store. Given the IOT amplifiers. The move from timing, these may have appeared tube-based transmitters and the in Radio World magazine, before EXPERTISE transition from analog signal TV Technology became a publiDoug Lung generation to signals created in cation. the digital domain in FPGA’s and Those were done on a typesoftware-defined transmitters was perhaps writer, and I have no archive files. My report the most significant technology change since on building a Townsend CST transmitter from I started writing for TV Technology. a kit of parts, delivered just as Townsend entered bankruptcy, was likely what prompted the editors of TV Technology to suggest THE FUTURE OF OVER-THE-AIR TV I start a monthly column on RF technology Twelve years ago, I wondered about the fuback in 1991. ture of over-the-air TV. Based on the number I took a look at my 200th column (actually of questions I receive about over-the-air TV my 201st column since one earlier column reception and the growing number of sales was so long the editors had me split it into and ads for TV antennas, I see a good future two columns) to see what I was thinking for over-the-air TV. about then. I’ll post a copy of it on my webThat isn’t to say there aren’t risks. Viewers site at In that January are dropping their cable TV subscriptions in 2010 article, I noted the decreasing number favor of streaming video over the internet. of viewers using antennas and the demand for spectrum for wireless carriers. I wrote: “I believe the future of over-the-air TV broadcasting will be determined soon, probably within the next two years.”

WHAT’S CHANGED? The good news is over-the-air TV broadcasting is still going strong 12 years later, in part helped by money broadcasters received as part of a spectrum auction that resulted in the transfer of 14 UHF-TV channels to wireless carriers and by viewers dropping cable TV. Those funds helped broadcasters upgrade their transmitters and antennas and prepare for the transition to the next-generation digital standard, ATSC 3.0. Although I acknowledged then that solidstate transmitters were becoming viable options for UHF-TV transmitters up to 10 kW, I never imagined that only five years later I’d be ordering a 108-kW solid state Rohde and


November 2022 | |

Jean Kiddoo, former chair of the FCC's incentive Auction Task Force and Doug Lung switch on the WNJU/WNBC transmitter atop One World Trade Center, during a ceremony celebrating the conclusion of the spectrum repack in 2019.

Since local TV stations are not available for free online, this leads viewers to install antennas if they value local TV. If TV station owners decide to allow free streaming of their over-the-air programming, this could slow the adoption of antennas. At some point, the number of viewers could drop to the point where maintaining a strong over-the-air signal or even dealing with the responsibilities the FCC places on TV licensees might not make sense if most of the audience was watching via the internet. One thing broadcasters can do to preserve over-the-air broadcasting is to make it easy to receive. The move from analog to digital helped as most viewers now get a perfect picture and a huge number of programs, often with something as simple as a $20 indoor antenna. The transition to ATSC 3.0, with its more robust transmission options (including single frequency networks) should make reception easier. Broadcasting a compatible 5G signal could open access to cellphones and tablets. The ATSC 3.0 standard would allow transmitting a signal in the ATSC 3.0 A/322 format to TV sets along with a 5G physical layer to cell phones and tablets using time domain or frequency domain multiplexing. Qualcomm is developing chips that will allow reception of 5G broadcasts on UHFTV spectrum in cellphones. While it may be difficult to convince wireless carriers to allow this in devices they sell, broadcasting is still the most efficient way to deliver content to a huge number of viewers—there may be ways to encourage coverage through sharing ads and viewer data. I strongly believe the success of ATSC 3.0 will depend on how easy it is to receive on the largest number of devices. If broadcasters make it too difficult for manufacturers to build ATSC 3.0 receivers or require viewers to go through extra steps to receive the signals, it will be tough to make the transition from ATSC 1.0 to ATSC 3.0. It is great to see companies like VBox and SiliconDust offering low-cost ATSC 3.0 receivers that will work with existing TV sets. I’m still waiting for a low-cost ATSC 3.0 USB dongle and wonder

rf technology

When he's not building transmission systems, Doug's other passion is volcanos.

if they will work with open-source software when they do become available. I follow open-source DTV software and device driver development on the linux-media mailing list and there is now little activity for ATSC 1.0 and none related to ATSC 3.0. One of the challenges broadcasters face with ATSC 3.0 is the need to protect content from unauthorized distribution without hurting adoption of ATSC 3.0. Without this protection, program providers may be reluctant to offer their best content to broadcasters. Managing digital rights will be important. It shouldn’t be too difficult for manufacturers and software developers to have their devices and programs certified. Fortunately, since ATSC 3.0 is IP-based, the same protections viewers have gotten used to when viewing Netflix, Peacock, Hulu, Amazon Prime or other streaming services should work with ATSC 3.0. If authentication and decryption can be handled in an existing browser or browser plug-in, it should be easy to build and distribute low-cost ATSC 3.0 tuners that work with a qualified browser for displaying content. If broadcasters can match the experience people have with protected streaming content, content protection should not hinder ATSC 3.0 adoption on devices beyond TV sets. Even with content protection, I would expect most content to be available for free with minimal, if any, user registration requirements.

RF TECHNOLOGY TOPICS I’ll be describing developments with ATSC 3.0 and other RF technology topics in future columns. The audience, and as a result, the content, of my columns has changed over the past thirty years. Past columns described simple,

easy-to-build remote controls using off-theshelf computer modules that when attached to a dial-up modem, allowed a simple way to monitor remote sites, particularly low-power and translator sites. I had tips on doing calormetric RF power measurements, the best way to aim microwave dishes, and tuning external cavity klystrons. I covered path-loss

calculations for microwave systems, RF exposure calculations, and coverage predictions using open-source software. As the ATSC 3.0 standard was being developed, I wrote several articles on how the ATSC 3.0 physical layer works and how it differs from ATSC 1.0. In recent years I found there is more interest in receiving over-the-air TV, measuring signals, optimizing coverage and practical tips. This is partly due to the simplification of the transmission path. It is no longer necessary to spend hours optimizing a transmitter’s analog exciter and solid-state transmitters don’t require tuning. With regards to tutorials, in the past 299 columns I’ve covered so many topics I have to be careful about repeating myself! Some are available by Googling “Doug Lung” and the topic. l Many of the best ideas come from readers. I welcome your questions, comments and experiences. Let me know what you would like to see in future columns. Which topics have you found most useful? Would you like to see more indepth technical topics, less technical practical tips, basic tutorials like my last column, or “build-it” projects (both hardware and software)? Email me at

eye on tech | product and services Panasonic Connect North America AK-PLV100 35mm Cine Live Studio Camera

Adobe Adobe Creative Cloud

Panasonic Connect North America’s new AK-PLV100 35mm Cine Live Studio Camera is equipped with a large format, super 35mm Imager and PL Lens mount to accommodate cinema lenses for a shallow-depth look. The AK-PLV100 is a fully-enabled system camera, and is compatible with the AK-HCU250 and AK-UCU600 camera control units, making it a companion to existing B4 mount camera systems. To capture cinematic video, simply swap the existing camera head with the AK-PLV100. The camera also leverages Panasonic Connect’s expertise in IPbased live production—it outputs 12G-SDI signals from the camera head and can interface with return, control and other communications directly, or through ST 2110 when used without a CCU. For multicamera productions, the AK-PLV100 can also be used simultaneously with Panasonic’s new AW-UE160 PTZ camera to capture a variety of angles & shots. z For more information, visit

Adobe announced a significant expansion of the collaboration tools in the Adobe Creative Cloud and Document Cloud during its Adobe Max event last month. During the event, Adobe previewed a new Camera to Cloud integrations built into RED Digital Cinema’s V-RAPTOR and V-RAPTOR XL camera systems and Fujifilm’s X-H25 mirrorless digital cameras to enable collaborative production workflows. Adobe Camera to Cloud is used by more than 5,000 productions. Powered by, it has fueled a transition from external drives to cloud-based camera workflows. With Adobe Camera to Cloud, media is automatically transferred from the production set to the cloud so post-production teams can start work immediately on footage. The newly announced integrations streamline the process further by transferring media directly from cameras to organized folder structures without the need for intermediate devices. z For more information, visit

Vegas Creative Software Vegas Pro 20

Fujifilm Fujinon HZK25-1000mm Broadcast Zoom Lens

New updates to Vegas Creative Software’s Vegas Pro 20 include stability improvements and new features addressing color grading workflow, efficiencies and collaboration as well as the ability to zoom into the Video Preview window for a close-in look up to 2,000x magnification. New color correction tools and features include a Hue vs. Color Saturation Curve that enables users to define a hue or a hue range and adjust the saturation value of anything from the entire video to a specific hue in a video. The Color Picker for Color Curves feature allows users to sample a value or range of values in a video to which curve adjustments will be applied. A new comment field for File Drop allows users to add messages, such as instructions or explanations, for collaborators invited to their File Drop session and the new 2,000x magnification feature of the Video Preview window allows users to home in on details of an object while working with the Bezier Masking tools or when you need to see the fine details of a color adjustment. z For more information, visit

The HZK25-1000mm box-type broadcast dual-format zoom lens offers support for two types of large image sensors. It can be mounted on cameras equipped with the Super 35mm sensor or the larger sensor equivalent to 35mm full frame. The lens achieves optical performance that exceeds 4K and also facilitates the use of cinema cameras, which is becoming more common in broadcast. It enables cinematic visual expression, such as shallow depth-of-field for beautiful bokeh in live coverage of sporting events and music concerts. The new broadcast zoom lens normally works with the Super 35mm sensor but also supports a sensor equivalent to 35mm full frame when a built-in image expander is activated, which increases the image circle 1.5x. It offers the added benefit of maintaining the same angle of view with both sensors. For wide angle, the lens provides F2.8 aperture, enabling cinematographic visual expressions with shallow depth-of-field and resulting beautiful bokeh. z For more information, visit

Disguise disguise Cloud

Marketron Marketron NXT

disguise Cloud is a new suite of cloud-ready applications built to enable end-to-end remote collaboration across any M&E production. disguise Cloud provides all the apps a team may need to store, preview and review high-resolution media, tag content and leave comments on projects in the cloud, all on one platform. In addition to providing easy collaboration across time zones, disguise Cloud will soon also ensure media files can be shared more securely with support for built-in passphrase protection, multi-factor authentication, expiration links and watermarking. The Cloud platform offers a unified disguise login, enabling one-click access to all of disguise’s cloud services as well as disguise Designer software, the ultimate software to visualize, design and sequence projects from concept to showtime. Also new is disguise Drive, a web-based storage space which allows teams to upload and review all their project media securely.

Marketron has added new capabilities to the Marketron NXT digital ad platform that enable all broadcast and media companies to deliver digital ad solutions to advertisers operating in restricted industries, including cannabis, CBD, gambling, alcohol, fireworks and politics, thereby driving revenue from previously limited verticals. Traditional media companies have faced difficulties deriving revenue from ad dollars available from these sectors due to regulations. Marketron NXT customers can now help advertisers in these categories find audiences through safe and responsible digital ad tactics. Marketron NXT makes it possible to run restricted category campaigns and other third-party digital tactics on the same platform. z For more information visit

z For more information, visit


XXXXXXXX 2022 November 2021 | | |

eye on tech | product and services VITAC ASR Captioning System for Live TV

VidOvation VidOvation Technology-as-a-Service Offering

Building on the acquisition of captioning company VITAC in 2021, Verbit has announced the release of an asyet-unnamed automatic captioning system with hybrid capabilities that is based on ASR technology. The new product is a customized, adaptable engine developed with input from captioning, speech and machine-learning experts and includes features such as professional data prep by specialists who research and review content added to the ASR engine before each session starts. Clients are given the option to request a so-called “human co-pilot” for control of a live ASR session in real time, which provides support in corrections, custom caption placement and domain changes. z For additional information visit

VidOvation has launched a new Technology-as-a-Service (TaaS) offering that will allow qualified customers access to any product line VidOvation carries—including top sellers like Haivision/AVIWEST, Vislink, CyanView, MultiDyne, and IP television distribution and signage systems—through monthly payments over a 36-month or 60-month subscription term. The TaaS offering includes everything customers can see in a traditional solution, including installation, hardware, software, full-term maintenance, and obsolescence protection, without upfront costs. “Customers who use the new TaaS offering no longer need to worry about getting locked into the wrong technology or being forced to divert a large portion of their budgets away from other necessary business expenses,” said Jim Jachetta, executive vice president and chief technology officer, VidOvation. z For additional information visit

Magewell Magewell Ultra Encode AIO

Sencore Impulse 400D 4K UHD Receiver/Decoder

Magewell’s new Ultra Encode AIO builds on the company’s original Ultra Encode models with expanded features including HDMI and SDI input connectivity in a single unit; 4K encoding and streaming from the HDMI input; simultaneous multiprotocol streaming; higher streaming bitrates; and file recording. Ultra Encode AIO supports multiple video encoding formats and an array of delivery protocols including RTMP, RTMPS, SRT, RTSP, RTP, HLS, and TVU’s ISSP technology. Video can be encoded at resolutions up to 4096x2160 at 30 frames per second from HDMI sources, or up to 1080p HD at 60 fps from the device’s 3G-SDI input. z For additional information visit

Sencore Impulse 400D 4K UHD Receiver/Decoder is a 1RU receiver/ decoder with an expanded port selection boasting multiple ASI inputs/ outputs, dual SDI outputs, DVB-S/S2/S2X dual satellite tuners, and more. Additional capabilities include input failover, enhanced multiplexing, and API/SNMP integration options. The Impulse 400D 4K UHD receiver/ decoder/gateway supports MPEG-2/ H.264/H.265/ AVS+/AVS2 UHD/HD/SD video and all major audio codecs. With its vast array of RF and IP input options, the Impulse 400D is the ideal commercial TV solution for RF signal reception, program descrambling, multiplexing, downscaling and decoding. z For additional information visit

Bitcentral & OCTOPUS 11 Newsroom

PTZOptics Move Camera Series

Bitcentral has expanded its partnership with OCTOPUS Newsroom by making the Octopus 11 newsroom computer system available to Bitcentral customers. Octopus 11 enables users to be more productive thanks to a revamped user interface, native device support for PC, Mac OS, iOS and Android and advanced newsgathering, planning and collaboration tools. Launched earlier this year, Octopus 11 facilitates editorial collaboration among team members at every stage of the production process. It enables station newsrooms with the flexibility to collaborate, produce rundowns, create scripts, share videos and post to social media in one system. By being fully compatible with Bitcentral’s Core News products, Octopus 11 offers modern news technology solutions that will enable Bitcentral’s customers to manage the entire lifecycle of live and pre-recorded content. z For additional information visit

PTZOptics’s first camera in its new Move series features SDI, HDMI, USB, and IP output, and comes native with NDI|HX for unparalleled performance and versatility. It supports 4K at 60fps (1080p at 60fps over SDI) and features a built-in tally light. Move also offers built-in auto-tracking capabilities — no need to run software on another computer — freeing teams of the need for a camera operator. With 12x and 20x optical zoom available, Move can fit seamlessly into any production scenario. In addition to Move’s auto-tracking features, users will also have access to PTZOptics’ latest Web UI—updated to provide everything users need in one simple menu. Almost every feature in the Web UI has a tutorial function, perfect for novice producers navigating the settings for the first time. z For additional information visit | | November 2022


equipment guide | test equipment & signal monitoring

FlexScreen Monitors Its Exponential Growth With Blackmagic Design With two 8-inch LCD screens, the SmartScope Duo 4K includes built-in waveform, vectorscope, RGB parade, YUV parade, histogram, audio phase and level scopes. Because the screens are independent, we can display a combination of scope and picture views.

USER REPORT By Nicolas DeSarno Director, Reflex Brands Project Manager, FlexScreen

AMHERST, N.Y.—FlexScreen created the world’s first flexible window screen and when we made our first foray into marketing, we started with an iPhone and social media. Fast forward nine years, and our push into marketing has been so successful that we went from being just a flexible window screen company to acquiring Reflex Brands, a digital marketing agency. We now support digital advertising, two podcasts, live streaming, a live production and recording studio and in-the-field filming for customers and commercials. Due to Reflex Brands’ marketing efforts, FlexScreen even caught the eye of ABC’s business reality TV show “Shark Tank” and was featured on season 11. All our work is supported by a full-blown professional video production workflow that includes Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 6K Pros, Video Assist 12G HDR monitor/recorders, several models of ATEM switchers, HyperDeck Studio HD Mini recorders, a Smart Videohub 40x40 router, Blackmagic Web Presenter HD streaming solutions, DeckLink and UltraStudio for capture and playback and a multitude of converters.

WAVEFORM MONITORING Physically, our SmartScope Duo 4Ks sit inside of our travel racks, as well as in our studio’s control room. We use them when we are checking audio levels, then switch to multiple camera shots to check color, exposure, and the angle. We especially rely on waveform monitoring and love this feature because it gives us real-time data and information about what’s going on during our live streams or recordings, adding that extra layer of confidence and attention to detail. The SmartScope Duo 4Ks provide all sorts of different, easily accessible data in one unit, streamlining our workflow and saving costs, whereas previously we had to invest in multi-

ple devices just to view everything we needed. It may seem like a simple thing, but truly as you grow your workflow, you also must pay more attention to the minor details to make sure things run as smoothly and efficiently as possible. Because we trust the quality of Blackmagic Design, we knew the SmartScope Duo 4K was going to perform and fulfill our needs. l Nicolas DeSarno is director of Reflex Brands and project manager at FlexScreen. With a background in videography, he now travels around the country teaching clients how to grow their own brands through social media marketing. He can be reached at 724-576-2007 (Reflex Brands) or 888-983-3539 (FlexScreen) or For more information, contact Blackmagic Design at 408-954-0500 or visit For more information, visit .reflexbrands. com and

SMARTSCOPE DUO 4K MONITORS With this type of exponential growth came the need for workflow expansion, and as we expanded our workflow, we were able to grow our offerings. Now our gear affords FlexScreen and Reflex Brands’ live production, streaming, content creation and post workflows. As your workflow grows, so must your attention to detail, and it was important for us to incorporate tools that took the guesswork out of certain aspects, so we could create the best possible content. A big detail was signal monitoring, for which we rely on two Blackmagic SmartScope Duo 4K monitors. We purchased them because we needed a simple way to view and manage everything going on in our studio.


November 2022 | |

FlexScreen’s Reflex Brands uses two Blackmagic SmartScope Duo 4K monitors to ensure the highest quality video in its digital marketing efforts for clients.

equipment guide

JVC Professional DT-U31U Studio Monitor

Digital Nirvana MonitorIQ RM Digital Nirvana’s MonitorIQ RM is a cost-effective video monitoring solution for remote hub and headend sites. The system addresses the critical need among video distributors to replace the antiquated Slingbox and obsolete Volicon RPM solutions, which provided remote video monitoring at the edge. MonitorIQ RM is designed to monitor huge numbers of individual locations quickly, so cable operators and other video distributors can monitor hundreds of servers across a large geographic area to verify ad insertion, signal quality, service delivery, and proper programming placement at the local level—all from one or many central locations. z For more information visit

JVC Professional’s DT-U31U is a multi-interface 4K HDR monitor designed for broadcast centers, production trucks and studios. It offers a native 4K panel (3840x2160) with a contrast ratio of 3000to-1, and boasts multiple 4K interfaces, such as 12G-SDI, 3G-SDI and HDMI 2.0, as well as video-over-IP, HLG-HDR and PQHDR capability. For accurate monitoring, built-in 3D LUT auto calibration, De-log LUTs, and gamma preset selection are available. Additionally, the DT-U31U offers TSL 3.1 and 4.0 UMD support, as well as frame/field view selection. Displays for SDI timecode, on-screen TALLY, focus assist and waveform/vector/histogram are also standard. With its long list of high-end production elements, the DT-U31U is an ideal workhorse for professional video monitoring. z For more information visit

Sony PVM-X Series of 4K HDR Monitors Sony’s PVM-X series of 4K HDR monitors, available in 18-, 24- and 32-inch sizes, are now available with a free v4.0 firmware update. Key highlights include closed captioning support; HD-SDI input; EIA/CEA-708 service 1 to 6; EIA/ CEA-608 (CC1 to 4 and TEXT1 to 4) over EIA/ CEA-708; support for 720/60P and 1080/60i over HD-SDI, and support for new upgrade license configurations. The PVML-SCX1 is a signal conversion output license with a 3D LUT baked output feature for Sony’s TRIMASTER high-grade picture monitors that includes 4KHD downconvert; 1080P to 1080i conversion; processed output from EMO. The PVML-TDX1 3D LUT baked output license includes: LUT Processed output from EMO; support for audio and timecode output via the Enhanced Monitor Output (with PVML upgrade license); in Monitor Display (IMD); Grid Display; chroma Up to assist in camera setup and Parallel Remote z For more information visit

Leader ZEN Series LV5600

Witbe Witbox+ The Witbox+ packs Witbe’s automated testing and monitoring technology into a powerful yet compact testing device designed to help video service providers boost their testing and monitoring capabilities and improve users’ quality of experience. Users can plug any device into a Witbox+—including set-top boxes, mobile phones, gaming consoles, and smart TVs— and automatically test and monitor any video service running on it. Witbox+ allows users to test and monitor up to four 4K devices simultaneously using the company’s unique video-quality algorithms. z For more information visit

Rohde & Schwarz PRISMON Multiviewer & A/V Content Monitoring PRISMON is designed to be a versatile software-based solution for monitoring and multiviewing of A/V content that allows broadcast and media service providers to successfully deal with a heterogeneous world of ever-growing standards and formats for media content transport, where encoding, flexibility and cost are winning factors. It is built as a software appliance on COTS hardware that connects over standards-based IP as well as SDI. It supports UHD for both inputs and displays and delivers industry-leading low latency. The software architecture means that multiple PRISMON displays can be networked. Each individual PiP is created just once and shared as necessary across the network, minimizing the demands on bandwidth and giving users immediate flexibility in configuring and managing large numbers of displays. z For more information visit

Leader’s ZEN Series LV5600 is a mains-powered SDI/IP waveform monitor in a half-rack width 3U desktop chassis with a touchscreen front-panel display. It provides all the facilities needed to monitor UHD/HD/SD SDI as well as video-over-IP signals seamlessly in a hybrid workflow. Features including test-pattern generation, eye-pattern display, closed-caption monitoring, CIE color-chart, HDR measurement, focus-assist, customizable screen layout, tally interface, 4K/UHD operation, 10G IP input and 12G-SDI interfaces, plus Leader’s intuitive CINEZONE and CINELITE. Major functions include waveform, vector, picture and audio, which can be directly accessed via push buttons or plug-in mouse. SMPTE 2022-6, SMPTE 2022-7 and SMPTE 2110 protocols are all supported. The 1U LV7600 rasterizer offers similar capabilities minus the front panel display. For more details visit | | November 2022


equipment guide buyers briefs Avateq AVQ1022 – RF Signal Analyzer and Monitoring Receiver for ATSC 3.0 Based on ActiveCore Platform, AVQ1022 (2nd Gen) ActiveCore RF Signal Analyzer and Monitoring Receiver is an embedded RF layer monitoring receiver and signal analyzer for digital terrestrial standards. It offers in-Band interference detection and visualization; a comprehensive set of analyzed parameters and plots; a rich selection of tools for remote monitoring; transport Stream output (HTTP); ATSC 3.0 STLTP and selected service output (HTTP). It has been designed as a solution for remote monitoring digital transmitter system performance and transmitted signal quality, ensuring consistent Quality of Service of the network. It features an alarm system that can be accessed via multiple interfaces and be set up to control the main components of the transmitter system in case of an emergency. z For more information visit www.avateq. com/

SmallHD Vision 24 and Vision 17 4K HDR Production Monitors The SmallHD Vision Series offers reference-grade 4K HDR monitoring in a rugged package. Purpose-built for 4K HDR viewing on set and in post-production, Vision Series 17-inch and 24-inch screens deliver color reproduction with extreme contrast, infinite blacks and pristine highlights. Designed to be an endto-end 4K HDR workflow solution, Vision Series is engineered to equal modern sensors’ increased sensitivity to highlight and lowlight image reproduction, so users see every camera detail recorded. Proprietary Full-Array Local Dimming (FALD) hardware enables nuanced control of over 2,100 individual LED zones, rendering hyper-sharp contrasts with deep blacks, crisp highlights, and 10-bit color depth. .

Digital Alert Systems DASDEC-III Emergency Messaging Platform DASDEC-III is the third generation of DAS’S award-winning DASDEC flexible emergency messaging platform, which comes equipped with the DASDEC v5 software, and is designed for traditional broadcast radio and TV, including the latest NextGen TV, CATV, IPTV, campus, industrial, and emergency operation centers. DASDEC-III also combines all the features of the previous DASDEC series, plus capabilities that were once only available in the company’s One-Net products, originally sold to cable and IPTV operators. With DASDEC-III, the company has unified the two product families — DASDEC and One-Net — into a single product line. The DASDEC-III also has a more modular design, allowing for even more hardware and software customization to create tailored solutions for different messaging requirements. z For more information visit

z For more details visit www.smallhd. com.


Ikegami Ikegami’s HQLM-3120W

Marshall V-702W dual 7-Inch Rackmount Monitor Marshall Electronics’ V-702W dual 7-inch rackmount monitor with waveform, vectorscope and other analytic display modes, supports multiple Log and HDR modes. The V-702W monitor is the flagship of the series, which also includes the ML-702 (dual), ML-503 (triple) and ML-454 (quad) models. This series of monitors is the right choice for system designers, as it boasts a very compact, slim chassis, bright screens, and wide viewing angles. Additionally, it is designed with titling rackmounts, which allows for flexible mounting options. The line also features loop-through inputs eliminating signal routing limitations. Its intuitive front panel controls plus Ethernet capability mean that basic functions can be performed without a computer. z For more information visit

Ikegami’s HQLM-3120W is a 31-inch 4K broadcast reference monitor for use in broadcast production studios, post suites, MCRs and playout centers. It employs an LED-illuminated 31.1 inch pixel LCD panel with full 4096x2160 resolution and 10-bit processing depth. The display has wide horizontal and vertical viewing angles (up to 178 degrees) plus high-contrast ratio (1450:1) and wide color gamut, meeting the ITU-R BT.2020 standard specified for broadcast-quality UHD program production and international distribution. The monitor supports HDR with menu selection of a range of HDR formats including HLG. In addition, the HQLM-3120W is equipped with waveform, vectorscope, vertical-interval timecode, and eight channel SDI-embedded audio level displays as well as closed-caption subtitles. z For more information visit


November 2022 | |

Canon DP-V2730 Professional Display Suitable for on-set video and post-production facilities, Canon’s DP-V2730 is a professional reference monitor that delivers high-end 4K HDR performance for filmmakers and broadcasters. The DP-V2730 has a 27-inch screen to achieve high brightness with minimal noise, and is a great companion for virtual post-production editing, VFX, and color grading. To help post-production houses transition into using HDR, Canon designed HDR monitoring functions like a waveform monitor, histogram, frame luminance monitor, RGB parade, and much more—all driven by Canon’s latest processing platform. z For more information visit

equipment guide | test equipment & signal monitoring

Game Creek Video Installs Telestream PRISM Waveform Monitors in Latest Trucks USER REPORT By Jason Taubman Senior Vice President Game Creek Video

Game Creek Video is a technical productions services company responsible for bringing some of the largest sporting and entertainment events to air through our state-of-theart fleet of mobile production trucks and mobile units. We recently built several new trucks for the fall sports and entertainment season—one of them, named Centennial, is a powerful SMPTE 2110 IP-based broadcast truck designed to handle formats from HD to 4K with full support for HDR signals to ensure superior contrast and color rendering.

a traditional layout of waveform monitor and vectorscope. The Telestream team has been responsive to the marketplace by allowing two full displays from a single scope versus squeezing everything together in a single display, a unique feature our video shader positions rely on. Not having to buy two full units saves on cost and installation as well. Although Centennial is an IP-based truck at its core, part of its flexible design is the ability to work in a mixed IP and SDI environment. The capability of PRISM waveform monitors to also work in both SDI and IP was an important feature that helps ensure this flexibility. Because the PRISM platform is app-based, our clients can customize and add tools based on their unique requirements.

PRISM MPD200 MONITORING FOR QUALITY Since quality is paramount for every production, it’s important to measure signals coming in from all cameras and ensure each source image matches the others (camera shading). It’s also important to guarantee that the high-quality output is maximizing the wide color gamut and contrast range that the HDR format provides. Driven by customer demand, we installed six Telestream PRISM IP/SDI waveform monitors at multiple positions within Centennial. These include camera shading positions, engineering, and the replay area where, either directly or via KVM, the TD, tech manager, and replay operators have access. We designed Centennial as a “Swiss Army knife” which can deliver whatever capability the client needs. Our goal is always to be as flexible and agile as possible. Centennial was also designed to expand and easily connect to other trucks which is something we pride ourselves on. As formats and signals have evolved, waveform monitors have had to keep pace. IPbased signals also carry audio and additional metadata, so waveform monitors must also be able to monitor embedded audio signals such as Dolby as well as other ancillary metadata. While operators need the latest features to monitor IP signals and make objective measurements of HDR, they also appreciate

For Centennial, two PRISM MPD200 models are installed at camera shading positions and deliver two screens for both waveform and vectorcope displays from a single unit. Three PRISM MPX2-25 are deployed with two racked in engineering and one in replay and a single PRISM MPI2-25 is racked in engineering for 2110 and 3G/12G analysis.

Because PRISM employs a software-defined platform, it’s easy to keep these waveform monitors current with updates and any upgrades can easily be deployed in the field. This is a critical design component since there is no time to pull equipment and send it back to the factory for upgrades and modifications when the trucks are constantly on the road. The timeline for building Centennial was short and with worldwide shortages of parts, we were concerned about delivering the truck to schedule. When one of our main clients made the initial request for the PRISM scopes, we worried that potential supply chain issues might impact our short runway. Thankfully, Telestream was able to pull out all the stops and get us the units we required in time. For that we were very grateful. l Jason Taubman spearheads Game Creek Video’s efforts in technology leadership and truck design while servicing the company’s vast profile of high-profile sports clients, including ABC, CBS, ESPN, FOX, HBO, NBC, MLB, NBA, the YES Network, NFL Network, and Amazon Prime Video. Since joining Game Creek in 1999, Taubman has led the design and build process for over 60 mobile unit projects, and also helped the company lead the industry to new workflows in HD, UHD, HDR, IP/2110, and remote control of mobile units by client production staff. He can be reached at Jason Taubman jtaubman@ or 603-882-5222. For more information visit

Jason Taubman’s tech teams installed six Telestream PRISM IP/SDI waveform monitors at multiple positions within Game Creek Video’s Centennial truck. | | November 2022


equipment guide | test equipment & signal monitoring buyers briefs Statement of Ownership, Management, and Circulation (Requester Publications Only)

1. Publication Title

2. Publication Number

TV Technology

4. Issue Frequency

KAIROS is an IT/IP platform designed to give production professionals unlimited control in delivering rich content to multiple screens and streams for industries ranging from broadcast and corporate to sports and entertainment and house of worship. With the power and flexibility of GPU and CPU processing, KAIROS offers the flexibility to combine several video and graphical sources to support any type of live video production scenario and keep audiences engaged. KAIROS currently features two 4K/HD capable and fully customizable multiviewer outputs (display port). The KAIROS multiviewers present up to 36 images per output and can display the internal RAM/Clip Player, scene & AUX outputs and audio level meter for seamless screen/ feed management and monitoring. z For more information visit

ATOMOS SUMO 19SE monitor The redesigned ATOMOS SUMO 19SE is ideal for recording and monitoring SDR or HDR footage on set. SUMO 19SE records a single source of Apple ProRes RAW up to 6K at 30fps. It also records up to four ISO 1080 60fps sources (SDI or HDMI) up to 10-bit 4:2:2 Apple ProRes or Avid DNxHR. SUMO 19SE features 24-bit audio with two separate 48V full-size XLR sockets and an option to add battery power. The bright (1200nit) monitor supports Rec.709 or P3 Color gamut for SDR, HDR, camera log, or LUT-transformed images live from camera or played back from removable SSD. For more information visit


5. Number of Issues Published Annually 6. Annual Subscription Price Monthly

Panasonic KAIROS

3. Filing Date




7. Complete Mailing Address of Known Office of Publication (Not printer) (Street, city, county, state, and ZIP+4) Contact Person Future US Inc. Cindy Cardinal Telephone 130 West 42nd Street, 7th FL New York, NY 10036 847-438-4577 8. Complete Mailing Address of Headquarters or General Business Office of Publisher (Not printer) Future US Inc. 130 West 42nd Street, 7th FL New York, NY 10036 9. Full Names and Complete Mailing Addresses of Publisher, Editor, and Managing Editor (Do not leave blank) Publisher (Name and complete mailing address) Carmel King 130 West 42nd Street, 7th FL New York, NY 10036 Editor (Name and complete mailing address) Tom Butts 130 West 42nd Street, 7th FL New York, NY 10036 Managing Editor (Name and complete mailing address) Terry Scutt 130 West 42nd Street, 7th FL New York, NY 10036 10. (Do not leave blank If the publication is owned by a corporation, give the name and address of the corporation immediately followed by the names and addresses of all stockholders owning or holding 1 percent or more of the total amount of stock. If not owned by a corporation, give the names and addresses of the individual owners. If owned by a partnership or other unincorporated firm, give its name and address as well as those of each individual owner. If the publication is published by a nonprofit organization, give its name and address.) Full Name Complete Mailing Address 130 West 42nd Street, 7th FL New York, NY 10036

Future US Inc. (Future PLC)

11 Known Bondholders, Mortgagees, and Other Security Holders Owning or Holding 1 Percent or More of Total Amount of Bonds, Mortgages, or


Q None Other Securities. If none, check box ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Full Name Complete Mailing Address

12. Tax Status (For completion by nonprofit organizations authorized to maiI at nonprofit rates) (Check one) The purpose, function, and nonprofit status of this organization and the exempt status for federal income tax purposes: Q Has Not Changed During Preceding 12 Months c Has Changed During Preceding 12 Months (Publisher must submit explanation of change with this statement) PS Form 3526-R, July 2014

PSN: 7530-09-000-8855

13. Publication Title TV Technology

14. Issue Date for Circulation Data Below September-22

15. Extent and Nature of Circulation a.

Tektronix 2 Series Mixed Signal Oscilloscope (MSO) Tektronix’s 2 Series Mixed Signal Oscilloscope (MSO) is designed to go seamlessly from the bench to the field and back, enabling workflows previously unimagined on a scope. It is the first portable oscilloscope to offer benchtop performance and Tektronix user interface. Weighing less than four pounds and measuring 1.5 inches thin, the 2 Series MSO can fit into a small backpack, delivering unmatched performance and portability and has an easy to use 10.1-inch touchscreen display that makes working on the go easier and faster. The built-in capabilities of the optional Arbitrary Function Generator

(AFG), pattern generator, voltmeter and frequency counter mean users have versatility built into one instrument—increasing what they can do while reducing the number of instruments to carry or purchase. The MSO offers up to eight hours of battery power. For more details visit


b. Legitimate

Paid and/or Requested Distribution (By Mail and Outside the Mail)




November 2022 | |

Outside-County Paid/Requested Mail Subscriptions Stated on PS Form 3541. Include direct written recipient, telemarketing, and Internet requests from recipient, paid subscriptions including nominal rate subscriptions, employer requests, advertiser's proof copies and exchange copies.) In-County Paid/Requested Mail Subscriptions Stated on PS Form 3541. Include direct written recipient, telemarketing, and Internet requests from recipient, paid subscriptions including nominal rate subscriptions, employer requests, advertiser's proof copies and exchange copies.) Sales Through Dealers and Carriers, Street Vendors, Counter Sales, and Other Paid or Requested Distribution Outside USPS.

No. Copies of Single Issue Published Nearest to Filing Date










Requested Copies Distributed by Other Mail Classes Through the USPS (e.g. First-Class Mail)

C. Total Paid and/or Requested Circulation (Sum of 15b. (1), (2),(3),and (4)] Outside County Nonrequested Copies Stated on PS Form 3541 (include Sample copies, Requests Over 3 years old, Requests (1) induced by a Premium, Bulk Sales and Requests including Association Requests, Names obtained from Business Directories, Lists, and other sources). In-County Nonrequested Copies Stated on PS Form 3541 d. NonRequested (include Sample copies, Requests Over 3 years old, Requests Distribution (2) induced by a Premium, Bulk Sales and Requests including (By Mail and Association Requests, Names obtained from Business Outside the Mail) Directories, Lists, and other sources). Nonrequested copies Distributed Through the USPS by Other Classes of Mail (e.g. First-Class Mail, Nonrequestor Copies (3) mailed in excess of 10% Limit mailed at Standard Mail or Package Services Rates).


Nonrequested copies Distributed Outside the Mail (Include Pickup Stands, Trade show, Showrooms and Other Sources).

e. Total Nonrequested Distribution (Sum of 15d (1), (2), (3) and (4))

f. Total Distribution (Sum of 15c. and 15e.)


g. Copies not Distributed


h. Total (Sum of 15f and g)

i. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation (15c divided by 15f x 100)












* If you are claiming electronic opies, go to line 16. If you are not claiming electronic copies, skip to line 17.

16. Electronic Copy Circulation

a. Requested and Paid Electronic Copies

b. Total Requested and Paid Print Copies (Line 15c) + Requested/Paid Electronic Copies (Line 16a) c. Total Requested Copy Distribution (Line 15f) + Requested/Paid Electronic Copies (Line 16a) d. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation (Both Print & Electronic Copies) (16b divided by 16c x 100)

4 4 4 4

c I certify that 50% of all my distributed copies (electronic and print) are legitimate requests or paid copies. 17 Publication of Statement of Ownership for a Requester Publication is required and will be printed in the November 2022 issue of this publication. 18. Signature and Title of Editor, Publisher, Business Manager, or Owner


Group Publisher Carmel King I certify that all information furnished on this form is true and complete. I understand that anyone who furnishes false or misleading information on this form or who omits material or information requested on the form may be subject to criminal sanctions (including fines and imprisonment) and/or civil sanctions (including civil penalties).

PS Form 3526-R, July 2014


Average No. Copies Each Issue During Preceding 12 Months

Total Number of Copies (Net press run)

September 28, 2022

equipment guide | test equipment & signal monitoring

Interra Systems’ BATON Delivers Media QC for ZOO Digital USER REPORT By R H Sathya Narayanan CTO ZOO India/Vista India Digital Media

MUMBAI, India—As one of the largest players in the global content localization space, with offices worldwide, ZOO Digital is a technology provider for premium content brands. ZOO Digital’s localization services adapt original content for different languages, regions and cultures, and its media services ensure that content is technically compliant for all required streaming service platforms. With our services and global capabilities, content creators can extend the reach and financial opportunities for both new and existing entertainment content. In 2017, when we were then known as Vista India Digital Media, we explored various automated AV quality checking tools in the market for our automated QC workflows— focusing in particular on their capability, scalability and speed.

R H Sathya Narayanan

SPEED AND QUALITY These partner platforms have highly stringent quality standards coupled with a need for fast turnaround delivery schedules. Any gaps in content files detected downstream will lead to the reacquisition of content and wasted resources and will also impact the delivery timeline. BATON has helped secure our QC workflow manifolds by saving time, effort, and identifying anomalies like frame corruption,

digital hits, and more, which can easily be missed during “eyeball only” QC. The AV material we QC with BATON ranges from HD, to UHD, to HDR10. With the volume of work we handle, we typically perform quality checks 24/7. We put BATON through its paces on a daily basis and I’m happy to say that we haven’t experienced any breakdowns since we started using it. BATON has stayed ahead of the curve with the ever-changing quality requirements of various content platforms with frequent upgrades, and shows Interra Systems’ commitment to deliver best in class solutions. l Sathya Narayanan is CTO at Zoo India / Vista India Digital Media and has more than 25 years of experience in the media and technology space, covering a range of industries including film, animation, gaming, and media technology solutions. Narayanan’s passion is to architect technology solutions related to the M&E market, leveraging years of domain expertise in the media industry. He can be reached at For more information, visit

AUTOMATED QC SUPPORT The deciding factor in choosing Interra Systems’ BATON solution was based on three key aspects: BATON’s fit with our specific QC needs, its speed performance, and Interra Systems’ responsiveness and support. These aspects are paramount, as automated QC is the first in a long line of processes that ensures content qualifies for downstream flow—with QC being repeated once again at the finalizing stage. We also liked the responsiveness and support of the Interra Systems team who guided us through the trials we conducted ahead of full deployment, quicking answering all of our questions as well as providing flexible licensing options. This gave us a sense of the level of support we could expect from them, and I’m happy to say that they have been consistent. We have deployed BATON for the QC of all of our mezzanine files for any video and audio anomalies such as drop frames, tics and pops, black frames, and more. These files are usually delivered to a variety of premium OTT platforms.

R H Sathya Narayanan’s tech teams rely on Interra Systems’ BATON to improve and speed up their quality control for localizing content. | | November 2022


equipment guide | test equipment & signal monitoring buyers briefs

Densitron UREADY 2RU X86 This universal touchscreen control surface is 2RU rackmountable, with an embedded X86 platform and Ethernet connectivity. Tactile-touch is a Densitron proprietary technology that provides the mechanical feeling of a button, combined with optical transparency, and interaction with a touchscreen display. With this technology, operators do not have to look at the spatial location of their fingers, thus freeing them up to look at the associated control and monitoring tasks. This version of the tactile control surface has a single-row of 18 buttons on the lower part of the screen. The upper part of the display and touchscreen area are used for display and interaction. Densitron’s X86 architecture and software ecosystem allows customers to rapidly deploy their applications, thus getting products to market sooner. Both Linux and Windows 10 OS are supported. z For more information visit

Video Clarity ClearView The ClearView quality analyzer serves an uncompressed audio/video output to an encoder, simultaneously capturing the output via IP stream or video decoder, and aligning the resulting uncompressed sequences for testing. It has a new ST 2110- and ST 2022-7-capable interface that supports 4K and UHD formats. In a hybrid SDI and IP environment, users can record or import their A/V source file or use a pre-loaded one; play the source test sequence to the device under test (DUT) as RGB or YUV; record the output of the DUT via MPEG IP network; automatically temporally and spatially align source and processed recordings; and more z For more information visit

Worldcast Kybio Kybio is an end-to-end, unified monitoring and control software (NMS) for media and broadcast that is designed to simplify how companies oversee all their IP equipment and infrastructures. Regardless of network size and complexity, Kybio centralizes key data and provides, across an intuitive web interface, access to powerful insights and tools to streamline operations. Open, scalable, and easy to deploy, Kybio provides a unique combination of built-in modules for real-time supervision, operation support, control, as well as an advanced analytics and reporting engine. Designed for managing OTT, satellite, cable, telco, TV, radio, or live broadcast infrastructures, Kybio ensures operational continuity and efficiency across the entire value chain—from media acquisition, production, down to distribution in an increasingly digital and IPbased environment. z For more information visit

TAG Media Control System (MCS) TAG’s MCS is the newest layer of the Company’s Realtime Media Performance (RMP) Platform, a 100% IP, 100% software, multi-level, opensource solution that monitors, aggregates, manages and utilizes data-driven viewer analytics to provide users with the insight required to build performant linear media systems. The MCS serves as an aggregation engine, system manager and orchestrator for data collected by the platform. Using an open-source paradigm, the MCS exposes every piece of data probed and monitored to third-party analytic and visualization applications enabling the information to be used for forensic or predictive analysis to design a precise and pristine viewer experience leading to increased consumption, elevated customer engagement, heightened loyalty and improved business enablement. z For more information visit

Triveni Digital

StreamScope Enterprise Management System Using Triveni Digital’s StreamScope Enterprise platform, broadcasters can perform nationwide or regionwide QoS monitoring, with the capability to manage a collection of quality assurance elements, view overall system status, and launch problem-solving sessions for specific faults detected. The StreamScope Enterprise platform connects to all of Triveni Digital’s ATSC 1.0 and ATSC 3.0 solutions, including the StreamScope XM ATSC 3.0 Monitor, to streamline NextGen TV delivery. StreamScope Enterprise is also integrated with Avateq’s AVQ200 RF signal inspector to optimize quality of service monitoring. z For more information visit


November 2022 | |

Lawo VSM Control System Lawo’s VSM Broadcast Control System now features an all-64-bit architecture and tight integration with Arista’s Media Control Service (MCS) for dependable switch port load balancing and reliability in frequently changing setups. In addition, VSM allows users to monitor the health status of processing blades in a similar way to what a dedicated monitoring service provides. This is critical for 24/7 operation across an entire country—and even beyond, if necessary. The picture shows how the status of V__matrix C100 blades can be monitored in real time. z For more information, visit

equipment guide | test equipment & signal monitoring buyers briefs Mediaproxy LogServer Mediaproxy has added new features to its LogServer IP compliance monitoring platform, including extended support for SMPTE ST 2110 & NMOS, NDI extended OTT support and advanced SCTE ad-insertion monitoring. The software-based LogServer is designed to provide reliable and highly scalable logging and monitoring of program output to meet broadcast compliance standards and regulations. It can integrate seamlessly with cloud, virtual or on-premises workflows, providing support for video, audio and real-time data from sources including 4K, HDR, 10-bit, HEVC, TSoIP, SMPTE 2110, Zixi and SRT. Additional new features include clustering of decentralized systems on IP networks, with full cloud support as well as advanced API interfaces. These capabilities give customers fully distributed functionalities across the entire distribution chain. z For more information, visit

Cobalt Digital Cobalt 9978-ANC-MON 3G/HD/SD-SDI Ancillary Data Monitoring Probe

Hitomi MatchBox Latency The new latency feature for MatchBox measures the actual time of flight from the front of multiple cameras, all the way through the broadcast chain,with millisecond accuracy, providing complete timing-quality assurance, end to end. It can be used to align the outputs from a variety of cameras—wired and wireless— at a live event, a virtual production studio or from remote production units anywhere in the world to take the guesswork out of the equation and precisely calculate the delays between them in seconds. Delays between different camera types, especially in different locations can be quickly and accurately measured by the MatchBox Analyzer by simply holding an iPhone running the MatchBox Glass app in shot.

The economical and high-density Cobalt 9978-ANC-MON 3G/HD/SD-SDI Ancillary Data Monitoring Probe openGear-based solution with Multiple-Protocol Data Payload SDI/HDMI Display and Fault Detection/Forwarding is easy to use and offers comprehensive ancillary data monitoring/probing to validate and ensure expected presence and handling of ancillary data in SDI streams.The 9978-ANC-MON monitors and shows status in “plain language” on-screen overlays and the user interface is designed from the ground up to be used by everyday operations personnel. The status burnin overlay is available on the card’s SDI output as well as a convenient HDMI output that can be directly connected to a wall monitor. In addition to its user interface, the 9978-ANC-MON can integrate with automation systems via its IP and SNMP interfaces. z For more information, visit

z For more information, visit

products & services marketplace | | November 2022


people on the move For possible inclusion, send information to with People News in the subject line.





President Disney+

SVP of Broadcast Engineering & Technology, Hearst TV

President, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers

Chief Financial Officer Allen Media Digital

Alisa Bowen has been named president of Disney+. She has led global business operations for Disney’s streaming platforms, including Disney+, since its launch in 2019. Bowen will work with leaders across The Walt Disney Co. to drive focus on innovation, including the forthcoming launch of the advertising-supported tier, as well as multichannel promotional support for Disney+. Bowen has decades of experience in leadership roles for several global media organizations.

Hearst Television has promoted Stefan Hadl to senior vice president of broadcast engineering and technology. He has worked for the past three years as vice president of engineering, leading a team that helped navigate the operation of Hearst Television stations through the pandemic. That team launched more than 40 digital multicast channels across Hearst TV’s footprint and drove the company’s participation in the nationwide rollout of NextGen TV.

SMPTE has elected Renard T. Jenkins, Senior Vice President, Production Integration and Creative Technology Services at Warner. Bros. Discovery as SMPTE president. “I am honored to be elected as the next SMPTE president,” said Jenkins, who will be the first African American to serve in the SMPTE president role. “I look forward to respecting the Society’s past while working with my colleagues to build a sustainable future.”

The Allen Media Group (AMG) has hired Oliver De La Hoz as the CFO of its Allen Media Digital. He will be based in AMG’s Los Angeles headquarters. He has more than two decades of experience in financial accounting, integration, operations and mergers and acquisitions within the entertainment and media industry. He was formerly CFO of ITV Studios U.S., where he helped build and manage scripted and unscripted businesses.


Member, TV Board of Directors National Association of Broadcasters Television Board Chair Perry Sook has appointed Steve Haro, EVP for government affairs for TelevisaUnivision, to the NAB Television Board of Directors. Haro joined Televisa-Univision in April 2022 and oversees all policy, advocacy and political work for the company. Prior to that he was a consultant for Mehlman Castagnetti Rosen & Thomas; served as chief of staff to Sens. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) and Martin Heinrich (D-NM).


November 2022 | |




Senior Vice President of Sales Bitcentral

Sales Engineer, Southcentral U.S. FOR-A Americas

Solutions Engineer Advanced Systems Group

Bitcentral has appointed Grenville Gooder SVP of sales, leading a team focused on the broadcast and streaming verticals. With more than 25 years of experience, he has been at the forefront of media transformation with, Vilynx, Kaltura and Brightcove, and orchestrated the launch of enterprise and consumer video deployments from media properties such as The New York Times, AMCtv, Discovery, Hearst and Gannett, to enterprise customers including GM and GE.

FOR-A has tapped Will Livingston as sales engineer to serve the Southcentral U.S., with a focus on Arizona and Texas. He is also in charge of sales engineering work, including technology demonstrations and training. Livingston joins FOR-A after 10 years of experience working with FOR-A switchers, most recently as broadcast video director at Compass Christian Church. Prior to that, he served as production manager at Merestone.

Advanced Systems Group has hired John Small as solutions engineer. He will provide technical expertise on infrastructure and workflows to clients in the Los Angeles area and work with client management and technical engineering teams to identify solutions for their media production environments. Small joins ASG from Quantum where he was a pre-sales engineer. Prior to that he spent 16 years in technical roles at CBS.