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REVIEW :

Is s ue # 8 - D e ce m be r 2007

ful lcircl e

TO M BO Y

H OW TO :

TH E IND E PE ND E NT M AGAZ INE FO R TH E UBUNTU CO M M UNITY

INSTALLW UBI LEARNING SCRIBUS PART 8 M ULTI-BO O T LINUX GET A CH RISTM AS D ESKTO P

M YTH BUNTU

INSTALL:

RECORD FESTIVE TELEVISION W ITH YOUR OW N M YTH TV BOX!

GAM E S ,

TOP5

CH R IS TM AS APPLICATIONS

M YTH BUNTU : TH E BEST W AY TO VIEW AND RECO RD TELEVISIO N O N YO UR PC

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W H E R E AR E TH E Y? A R E AD E R 'S OPINION

ful l circl e m agazine is not affil iate d w ith or e ndors e d by CanonicalLtd.


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ful lcircl e

M yth buntu

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Ins tal lW ubi Ch ris tm as O n Your D e s k top M ul ti Boot Linux Le arning Scribus - Part 8

p.09 p.11 p.13 p.16

- Tom Boy

p.20

- Gam e s ?W h e re ? p.24 - Ubuntu Anal ogy

p.27 p.29 p.30 p.31

P.16

P.11

P.13

P.09

P.06

p.33 p.35 p.36 - Ch ris tm as Appl ications

p.37 p.39

P.20

P.31

Th is m agazine is re l e as e d unde r th e Cre ative Com m ons Attribution-By-Sh are Al ik e 3.0 Unporte d l ice ns e . Th is m e ans you can adapt, copy, dis tribute and trans m it th e articl e s but onl y unde r th e fol l ow ing conditions : You m us t attribute th e w ork to th e originalauth or in s om e w ay (at l e as t a nam e , e m ailor url ) and to th is m agazine by nam e (ful lcircl e ) and th e urlw w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org (but not attribute th e articl e (s ) in any w ay th at s ugge s ts th at th e y e ndors e you or your us e of th e w ork ). And If you al te r, trans form , or buil d upon th is w ork , you m us t dis tribute th e re s ul ting w ork unde r th e s am e , s im il ar or a com patibl e l ice ns e . Al ltrade m ark s and copyrigh ts are ack now l e dge d.

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ED ITO RIA L

W

el com e to th e D e ce m be r is s ue of . 2008 is al m os t h e re and it's am azing to th ink th at w e 've be e n doing th is now for jus t ove r e igh t m onth s . I re m e m be r s aying in an IRC m e e ting for is s ue tw o or th re e th at I'd be de l igh te d if w e m ak e it to is s ue five . W e did, and I am ! W h e n I put th at initialpos t up on Ubuntu Forum s as k ing for h e l p in m ak ing an Ubuntu m agazine I ne ve r, , th ough t it w oul d be anyw h e re ne ar as popul ar as it is . Each m onth w e s e rve up approxim ate l y 30,000 copie s of FCM and th at's not e ve n counting th e trans l ations ! I w ant to th ank al lof you w h o tak e th e tim e to dow nl oad and re ad FCM and contribute w ith l e tte rs and articl e s , it re al l y coul dn't com e toge th e r w ith out al lth e input w e re ce ive . I al s o w ant to th ank al lth e FCM te am , in particul ar Robe rt Cl ips h am and Rob Ke rfia w h o h ave be e n m y h e nch m e n s ince day one . W ith out th e ir s upport and guidance th is m agazine w oul d ce rtainl y ne ve r h ave h appe ne d! Th ank s al s o go out to and th e Ubuntu M ark e ting Te am for th e ir input, h e l p and advice .

Th is m agazine w as cre ate d us ing :

Ubuntu is a com pl e te ope rating s ys te m th at is pe rfe ct for l aptops , de s k tops and s e rve rs . W h e th e r at h om e , s ch oolor at w ork Ubuntu contains al lth e appl ications you'l l e ve r ne e d incl uding w ord proce s s ing, e m ailappl ication and w e b brow s e r. You do not pay any l ice ns ing fe e s . You can dow nl oad, us e and s h are Ubuntu w ith your frie nds , fam il y, s ch oolor bus ine s s for abs ol ute l y noth ing. O nce ins tal l e d, your s ys te m is re adyto-us e w ith a ful ls e t of productivity, inte rne t, draw ing and graph ics appl ications , and gam e s .

Editor, Ful lCircl e M agazine ronnie @ ful l circl e m agazine .org

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NEW S

Fe e lfre e to e m ailne w s s torie s to: ne w s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Pl e as e incl ude a s ource URL.

e e e Xubuntu: Ubuntu dis til l e d for your Ee e

M PAA's Piracy- Bus ting Tool k it Force d Offl ine

For al lyou Ee e us e rs out th e re w h o've be e n trying to s q ue e ze Ubuntu into th e l ittl e w h ite box, s om e h e l p is on th e w ay. A k ind and e nte rpris ing Linux e nth us ias t h as us e d th e ir pre cious tim e and e ne rgy to put toge th e r an Ee e -cus tom ize d buil d of th e m uch -l ove d O S, w h ich incl ude s ful l yinte grate d h ardw are s upport, native w ire l e s s drive rs , functioning Eth e rne t s upport, tw e ak s for l ow -re s ol ution de s k top e nvironm e nts , and a bunch of oth e r l ittl e e nh ance m e nts th at w il lm ak e us ing Canonical 's pow e rh ous e a l ot m ore pl e as ant on your tiny l aptop. W ord on th e s tre e t is th at de ve l opm e nt and re fine m e nt continue s on th e buil d, s o e xpe ct im prove m e nts as tim e w e ars on.

Th e M otion Picture As s os ciation of Am e rica (M PAA) h as be e n force d to s top dis tributing its "Unive rs ity Tool k it"onl ine afte r jus t one m onth be caus e it m ay viol ate copyrigh t l aw s .

'

Engadge t h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/7b2320

Th e atte m pt to q uas h m ovie piracy via BitTorre nt w as tak e n offl ine on th e 3rd D e c. A s uite of ope n s ource appl ications w as cobbl e d toge th e r to m ak e col l e ge s s py on th e ir s tude nts ' fil e -s h aring h abits and e ncourage bl ock ing. Th e pack age w as bas e d on Ubuntu, th e de s k top Linux dis tribution. Th at w oul d h ave be e n fine , e xce pt th at th e M PAA did not re l e as e th e s ource code or provide a w ritte n offe r for th e code pote ntial l y in viol ation of th e GPL. Al l m odifications to s oftw are l ice nce d unde r th e GPL, h ow e ve r m inor, m us t be re l e as e d. Th e Re gis te r h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/3f24dd

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Fire fox 3 be ta 2 Official l y Re l e as e d M ozil l a h as announce d th e official re l e as e of Fire fox 3 be ta 2, th e te nth m ajor de ve l ope r m il e s tone in th e Fire fox 3 de ve l opm e nt tim e l ine . Th e ne w be ta, w h ich is avail abl e for dow nl oad from M ozil l a's w e b s ite , incl ude s inte rface im prove m e nts and a l ot of e xtra pol is h . M ozil l a's q ual ity s tandards for be tas re q uire th at al lof th e pl anne d fe ature s be ful l y im pl e m e nte d and robus t e nough for dail y brow s ing by a l arge num be r of pe opl e . Th at s tandard w as ful fil l edl as t m onth by th e M il e s tone 9 re l e as e , w h ich w as th e firs t to be ar th e be ta de s ignation. Additionalbe tas w il l be re l e as e d on a cons is te nt bas is until al lof th e im pl e m e nte d fe ature s are final ize d and pe rform ance m atch e s or e xce e ds th at of Fire fox. At th at point, M ozil l a w il ltrans ition to re l e as e candidate s to re s ol ve l as t-m inute re gre s s ions be fore th e officialre l e as e . Ars Te ch nica h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/a81c71


NEW S

Brough t to you by th e , dow nl oad th e pil ot e pis ode at: w w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org. If you h ave any ide as for th e podcas t or w ant to tak e part th e n pl e as e e m ailM atth e w Ros s i at: podcas t@ ful l circl e m agazine .org

H ardy H e ron Tribe 1 re l e as e d.

K DE 4 to s h ip in January.

M ace donia to us e Edubuntu

Th is is th e firs t al ph a ve rs ion for th e upcom ing Ubuntu 8.04 (code nam e H ardy H e ron) w h ich w il l be com ing out in Aprilas a l ong te rm s upport (LTS) ve rs ion tak ing ove r from D appe r D rak e .

Th is is good ne w s for th os e Kubuntu us e rs out th e re (Ed: can't w ait!). M ark your cal e ndars on Jan 11 2008 as th e day th at KD E 4 Stabl e is re l e as e d. Th e te am de cide d to m ove th e re l e as e forw ard to al l ow s om e tim e to e radicate s om e is s ue s in th e s oftw are . KD E are al s o cal l ing for th e ope n s ource com m unity and oth e r us e rs of KD E to h e l p out w ith th e bug te s ting th at ne e ds to be done .

M ace donia h as de cide d to ins tal l Edubuntu 7.04 Fe is ty Faw n onto th e com pute rs invol ve d in th e Com pute r for Eve ry Ch il d program . Th e ir goalis to provide 180,000 Prim ary and Se condary s tude nts w ith acce s s to about 20,000 Edubuntu com pute rs .

You can find out m ore at h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/c19 870

You can find m ore inform ation at h ttps ://w ik i.ubuntu.com /H ardyH e ron/Al ph a1

You can find m ore inform ation at: h ttp://dot.k de .org/119 6525703/

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And don't forge t: on Friday th e 14th D e ce m be r th e pil ot e pis ode of th e w as re l e as e d. If you h ave n't al re ady h e ard it, h e ad ove r to w w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org and dow nl oad it.


FLAVO R O FTH E M O NTH Th is m onth w e s h ow you h ow to ins tal lM yth buntu. M yth buntu is th e Ubuntu variant th at incorporate s M yth TVby de faul t. M yth TVal l ow s you to util is e th e m e dia ce nte r capabil itie s of your Ubuntu PC, giving you controlove r your TV!

D

ue to th e l e ngth of th e M yth buntu ins tal l , I w il l s k ip th e bas ic ins tal l ation s te ps (l anguage , l ocation, k e yboard type , us e r de tail s and re partitioning), and go s traigh t to s te p 6. If you w oul dl ik e a re fe re nce for th e oth e r ins tal l ation s te ps pl e as e re fe r to a pre vious is s ue of . Th e firs t s te p jus t re q uire s you to ch oos e a s tandard or advance d s e tup. Standard w oul d be too s im pl e , so I w e nt for advance d. Th e ne xt s te p is to ch oos e th e type of M yth buntu ins tal lyou w ant. If you are pl anning to us e th e PC as a m e dia ce nte r PC, th e n th e firs t

option is w h at you ne e d, oth e rw is e if you w ant to us e it to s tre am m e dia to your m e dia ce nte r, jus t ch oos e back e nd. I ch os e "Prim ary Back e nd w / Fronte nd", as th is is l ik e l y to be th e option you ch oos e . Th e fol l ow ing s te p l e ts you ch oos e th e pl ugins you w oul dl ik e to us e . If you are uns ure w h ich you ne e d, or can't be both e re d re ading th e de s criptions , jus t s e l e ct al lof th e m , to give you al lth e avail abl e fe ature s . You can add e xtra pl ugins l ate r if you de cide not to ins tal lth e m al lat th at point. I'm not s ure w h y th e ne xt s te p e xis ts . It h as one ch e ck box to ins tal l

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one th e m e - s e l e ct it and m ove on. Ste p 10 give s s om e us e ful options , al l ow ing you to ch oos e w h ich s e rvice s you w oul dl ik e to e nabl e . Th e s e incl ude VNC, SSH , Sam ba, NFS and th e M yth TV s e rvice . VNC al l ow s you to conne ct to M yth buntu re m ote l y us ing a graph icalinte rface , s o you can us e th e PC from anoth e r com pute r. SSH doe s th e s am e th ing, but give s com m and l ine acce s s rath e r th an Graph ical acce s s . Unl e s s you h ave e xpe rie nce w ith a com m and l ine you s h oul d dis abl e th is one . Sam ba l e ts you fil e s h are w ith


W indow s PCs on your ne tw ork , NFS doe s th e s am e , but for Linux/O th e r Unix cl ie nts . If you are us ing a s e parate back e nd and front e nd th e n you ne e d to se l e ct th e l as t option s o th e y can conne ct. Ste p 11 is an im portant s te p. You s h oul d se t pas s w ords for al lth e th ings l is te d, m ak ing s ure th e y are al ls e cure d. M ak e s ure you don't forge t th e pas s w ords . Th e ne xt s te p al l ow s you to configure your M yth buntu re m ote control . If you don't h ave one , or yours is n't l is te d, s k ip th is s te p. If it is n't l is te d th e re , don't w orry – you m ay be abl e to ins tal l it l ate r, once it M yth buntu is ins tal l e d. Ste p 13 al l ow s you to ins tal l proprie tary drive rs

for your graph ics card, to al l ow you to us e O pe nGLe ffe cts and TVoutput. It al s o give s you th e option to ins tal l s om e back e nd drive rs – ins tal lth e one s you ne e d. Ste p 14 is th e l as t s te p be fore th e ins tal l ation. It jus t give s you an ove rvie w of al lyour options s o you can ch e ck th e m be fore you ins tal l .

Th e s ys te m now ins tal l s , th e n you w il lge t th e finals te p. If you are in North Am e rica, s e l e ct th e firs t option and s e t up an account if you don't al re ady h ave one . Afte r s e tting up an account, or if you are n't in North Am e rica, ch oos e to l aunch th e M yth TVs e tup. O nce th e M yth TVs e tup h as l oade d, us e th e arrow k e ys to s e l e ct your l anguage . Th e n s e l e ct e ach of th e options in turn. In th e Ge ne ral

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s e ction, you ne e d to s e t th e m ach ine 's IP addre s s . If it w il lbe th e onl y back e nd, th e n 127.0.0.1 is fine , oth e rw is e s e t your route r to give it a s tatic IP addre s s , and e nte r th at in both boxe s (unl e s s you h ave a diffe re nt m as te r s e rve r). You can al s o ch oos e diffe re nt ports for M yth buntu to us e for m ore advance d options . O n th e ne xt s te p, ch oos e w h e re you w oul dl ik e to s ave re cordings . Th e de faul t is fine unl e s s you w ant to s ave th e m s om e w h e re e l s e . Th e fol l ow ing s te p is for th e gl obalback e nd s e tup. Ch oos e th e corre ct TV form at for your country (NTSC for US us e rs , PALfor Europe ). You al s o ne e d to ch oos e th e


corre ct ch anne lfre q ue ncy tabl e for your re gion too. Th e ne xt s te p al l ow s you to configure your D VB tune r if you h ave one . Th e fol l ow ing s te p is to al l ow you to m ak e th e back e nd autom atical l y s h utdow n, h ibe rnate or s tandby afte r a ce rtain am ount of inactivity. Se e h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/9 8 10cf for inform ation on th e diffe re nt s e ttings .

Ne xt you h ave to s e t up M yth TVs W ak e on LAN s e ttings . If you h ave onl y one back e nd th is is unne ce s s ary. Afte r th is , in th e ne xt fe w s te ps , you can de fine

us e r de fine d s cripts to run and oth e r M yth TVs cripts to run at th e s am e tim e as re cordings . Th e buil t in one s al l ow M yth TVto atte m pt to autode te ct com m e rcialadve rtis e m e nts , and if you ch oos e , re m ove th e m too. O nto th e s e cond s tage of th e configuration. Th is s tage al l ow s you to s e t up a capture card. As I do not h ave a TVcapture card I cannot give m uch advice for th is , s o us e your intuition, and l ook at th e guide I w il l m e ntion l ate r on. Afte r th is you can configure your Vide o s ource s . Us e XM LTVas your "Lis tings Grabbe r" unl e s s you are in North Am e rica. Continuing onw ards , you can l ink your vide o s ource s to inputs on your capture card;s e l e ct th e corre ct option from th e l is t be fore dow nl oading a ch anne ll is t. O nce th e ch anne ll is t is s e t up you are done w ith th e configuration, and jus t h ave to cl ick a fe w buttons to final ize th e s e t-up, ins tal l ing th e

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databas e e tc. W h e n you re boot you w il lbe l e ft w ith th e M yth buntu front e nd (if you ins tal l e d it). From th e re you can te s t your s e t-up and m ak e s ure e ve ryth ing is w ork ing. If you us e d a diffe re nt type of ins tal l ation, e .g. jus t a back e nd ins tal l , th e n you w il lh ave to do s om e m ore configuration. If you e ncounte r any probl ems w h il e ins tal l ing M yth buntu, or are uns ure about any of th e s tage s , th e re is a w e al th of inform ation avail abl e on th e Inte rne t to h e l p you s ol ve your probl e m s . You can al s o find m ore com pl e te ins tal l ation guide s , w ith m ore de tail e d ins tructions for ins tal l ing, and ins tructions for diffe re nt type s of ins tal l ation. h ttp://w w w .m yth buntu.org/ h ttp://w w w .m yth tv.org/ h ttps ://h e l p.ubuntu.com /com m unity/M y th TV # ubuntu-m yth tv on ch at.fre e node .ne t


H O W - TO

INSTA LLW UBI

In th is articl e I am going to try to w al k you th rough us ing th e W ubi ins tal l e r to ins tal lUbuntu onto your m ach ine w ith out any partitioning. W ubi w il lbe ins tal l e d as a s ingl e fil e on your W indow s (9 8-Vis ta)-bas e d com pute r. Pl e as e note th at I am us ing an Al ph a ve rs ion (W ubi 7.10 Al ph a Re v377) of th e W ubi ins tal l e r for Ubuntu 7.10

F

irs t, l aunch th e W ubi ins tal l er appl ication.

Th e firs t option you'l l s e e is your ins tal l ation drive . H e re you'l ljus t w ant to ch oos e th e drive you w is h to

ins tal lyour Ubuntu “ fil e ” onto. M ak e s ure you h ave e nough s pace on your drive . I re com m e nd th at you h ave 8GB or m ore of fre e s pace to re al l y e njoy your Linux e xpe rie nce .

th re e bas ic Ubuntu ve rs ions :

Ins tal l s ize is w h e re you s pe cify th e s ize of your Ubuntu ins tal l ation. Th e s ize you s pe cify h e re is th e totals ize of th e fil e th at w il lre s ide on th e drive you w ant to ins tal lit on. Lik e I s aid, 8GB or l arge r is m y re com m e ndation for s ize .

• – Xfce bas e d D e s k top Environm e nt

Th e ne xt option is to ch oos e w h ich fl avor of Ubuntu you w oul dl ik e to ins tal l . W ubi can ins tal lany of th e

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– Gnom e bas e d D e s k top Environm e nt • – KD E bas e d D e s k top Environm e nt

Wh en you ch oos e th e fl avor of Ubuntu to ins tal l W ubi w il lautom atical l y dow nl oad th e corre s ponding ISO . O nce th e ISO is done dow nl oading W ubi w il l com pl e te th e ins tal l ation, but I'l l e xpl ain th at l ate r in th e tutorial . Language is pre tty bas ic, ch oos e th e de faul tl anguage


you'd l ik e in your Ubuntu ins tal l ation. Th is ne xt are a is w h e re you w il lch oos e your de s ire d us e rnam e and pas s w ord (be l ow ) for your Ubuntu ins tal l ation. For s e curity re as ons “ Root” is not an option w h e n l ogging in for th e firs t tim e on a de faul t Ubuntu ins tal l ation. You w il lh ave to fil l th is out to continue w ith your ins tal l ation.

O nce you h ave s e t your options and cre ate d your us e rnam e and pas s w ord, cl ick on th e “ ins tal l ” button.

Now s ince you've cl ick e d on th e ins tal l button and W ubi is be ginning th e ins tal l ation of Ubuntu on your com pute r, you s h oul d s e e it be gin to dow nl oad th e ISO ve rs ion th at you ch os e in th e ins tal l e r options . O ne th ing can be s aid: Th e re are tw o w ays to ge t th e ISO of Ubuntu 7.10 for a W ubi ins tal l . You can m anual l y dow nl oad it and if you ch oos e to do th is you w il lw ant dow nl oad th e ISO into th e dire ctory w h e re you h ave your W ubi ins tal lprogram l ocate d. Th is ne e ds to be done be fore you l aunch th e W ubi ins tal l e r s o th at it s e e s th at th e re is an ISO th e re w h e n you cl ick th e “ ins tal l ” button. If it's not th e re or you h ave ch os e n to ins tal lUbuntu afte r dow nl oading a Kubuntu ISO , for e xam pl e , W ubi w il l autom atical l y dow nl oad th e Ubuntu ISO . O nce th e ins tal l ation of W ubi is done you ge t th is gre at ne w s (righ t):

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Ch oos e w h at you w ant to do and cl ick finis h . O n your ne xt pow e r up you'l ls e e a l ove l y boot s cre e n w ith th e option in it to boot to Ubuntu. Afte r you ch oos e your ne w Ubuntu ins tal l ation you'l ls e e th e Ubuntu boot s cre e n and th e progre s s bar. Th at bar m ay s top for q uite a bit but l e t it go, w al k aw ay and ge t a cup of coffe e . W h e n you ge t back you s h oul d be up and s e e ing th e Ubuntu Login s cre e n. Congratul ations on your ne w adve nture in com puting and ch oos ing Ubuntu to be th at adve nture . If you're l ik e m e or th e re s t of us Ubuntu fans you w il lnot be dis appointe d.


G ET CH RISTM A S O N YO UR D ESK TO P

H O W - TO

I jus t s aw m y firs t Ch ris tm as l igh ts a fe w days ago. D o you k now w h at th at m e ans ?I'm s cram bl ing on m y s te e p roof and putting up th os e “ w onde rful � icicl e s and de corating our te n foot h igh tre e s w ith l igh ts up to th e top. Not to m e ntion th os e dang candl e s in th e w indow s (w h ich m e ans putting out th e l igh ts on th e ups tairs w indow s and cl os ing th e s h ade s ). But Ch ris tm as tim e is n't al ldoom and gl oom . It brings a ve ry s pe cialtim e : de corating your GNU/Linux-bas e d PC.

I

'l ls tart off w ith m y col l e ction of Ch ris tm as w al l pape rs (al l re l ate d in s om e w ay to GNU/Linux). H e re 's a l is t of m y favorite w al l pape rs : cre ate d by k ane 77 h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazi ne .org/6c61e 5 cre ate d by g33z h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazi ne .org/582666 cre ate d by M arce l o M e nde s h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazi ne .org/368106 cre ate d by an anonym ous auth or h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazi ne .org/cb8e 9 e

cre ate d by bas s e . h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .o rg/2b22f9 (Re m ak e ) cre ate d by ve nde ttare d. h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .o rg/8c87a2 (Re m ak e ) cre ate d by ve nde ttare d. h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .o rg/cf31fd

D ow nl oad th e m , put th e m in a fol de r (l ik e /us r/s h are /w al l pape rs ), and m ak e Gnom e or KD E s e t to rotate be tw e e n th e m e ve ry m inute .

W h il e you're cus tom izing your l ook , you'l lw ant to add a nice th e m e : If you us e Be ryl , grab th e by tuxram one h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/5b228f

cre ate d by LinuxH ous e .tk . h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .o rg/14ac86

GTK us e rs w il le njoy th e

h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .o rg/0b6184

If you us e Gnom e , you'l lal s o w ant th e by th e ce l l odude . h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/53855c

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by Th e e M ah n. h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/627269


KD E us e rs on th e oth e r h and s h oul d ins tal lth e by Th e O ne AndO nl yFoo. h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/f5c86f And Fire fox us e rs w il lw ant to try out th e by Th om as M cM ah on (ak a Tw is te rM c). h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/9 4c83a Las tl y, if you're dualbooting and us ing GRUB, cre ate a s pl as h s cre e n us ing (by arte m is fow l 2007) and one of th e w al l pape rs in th e pre vious s e ction. h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/3bd325

Tux-Ch ris tm as s pl as h s cre e n (above )

(cre ate d by Rick Jans e n, you can dow nl oad it from : h ttp://w w w .e urone t.nl /~ rja/Xs now /) is a re al l y ol d program for GNU/Linux th at s e nds s now fl ak e s , w ind, and s om e tim e s Santa's s l e igh acros s your de s k top. If you us e KD E, you ne e d to m ak e s ure program s can run in th e de s k top w indow (KControl > D e s k top> Be h avior and ch e ck 'Al l ow program s in de s k top w indow ').

Xs now (above )

So go forth and w h e th e r you us e GNO M E or KD E you've no e xcus e , not onl y s h oul d you de corate your h ous e but de corate your de s k top too!

Las tl y, a l ittl e program for th os e wh o l ik e w idge ts and s uch .

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w w w .UbuntuForum s .org


M UL TIBO O T LINUX

H O W - TO

M ak ing your com pute r boot a num be r of ope rating s ys te m s can be a ve ry s im pl e or com pl e x is s ue . If you jus t w ant to s e t up a dualboot w ith Ubuntu and W indow s th e re are l ots of guide s to h e l p you do th at, and ofte n you don't e ve n ne e d to ch ange any s e ttings . Th is guide is not about th at, al th ough th e re is no re as on one of th e partitions coul d not be W indow s . Anoth e r th ing you s h oul d k now be fore us ing th is guide , is th at you can s e t up a virtualm ach ine , w h e re an ope rating s ys te m can run in a w indow on your com pute r, and th at is both al ot e as ie r and s afe r.

O

K, s o if you s til lw ant to s e t up a dualor m ul ti boot s ys te m , th e re is one m ore th ing you s h oul d k now . Th is guide w il lnot give s te p by s te p ins tructions , but w il lrath e r e xpl ain w h at you ne e d to do in ge ne ral . For e xam pl e , ins te ad of s aying s om e th ing l ik e "Se l e ct th e gre y box re pre s e nting fre e s pace in th e top of th e w indow , and pre s s ne w ..."th is tutorialw il ljus t s ay "You ne e d to cre ate a ne w partition and form at it e xt3."If you th ink you ne e d a m ore s te p by s te p tutorial , I re com m e nd you as k for h e l p on a forum , l ik e UbuntuForum s .org. And one l as t th ing, th is tutorialw il las s um e you are us ing an e m pty h ard drive . I don't re com m e nd you do th is for th e firs t tim e on a h ard drive you

can't jus t re form at and s tart ove r. I m e s s e d up m ore th e n once , and I s til l don't e ve n k now w h at w e nt w rong. Luck il y, it w as a bl ank h ard drive , s o I jus t s tarte d ove r.

Be fore you ins tal lanyth ing, it is e as ie s t to s e t up th e partitions (pie ce s of your h ard drive ) in advance . D ow nl oad and burn a Live CD th at al l ow s you to

FORM ATTING TH E DRIVE com pute r.

s w ap. prim ary. Approx. tw ice your RAM or 1.5GB to 2GB on a m ode rn Sort of l ik e e xtra RAM . Ge ne ral l y a good ide a on Linux s ys te m s . None .

e xt3. prim ary. D e pe nds on w h at dis tro you w ant to ins tal l . For te s ting purpos e s I re com m e nd 10-12GB for CD dis tributions and 15GB+ for D VD dis tributions . O ne of th e dis tributions goe s h e re . None . e xt3. prim ary. D e pe nds on w h at dis tro you w ant to ins tal l . For te s ting purpos e s I re com m e nd 10-12GB for CD dis tributions and 15GB+ for D VD dis tributions . O ne of th e dis tributions goe s h e re . If you onl y e ve r ne e d th re e dis tributions , m ak e anoth e r of th is type and th e n you are done . N/A. e xte nde d. Al laval iabl e s pace . O th e r partitions can go ins ide of th is , but you can onl y h ave 4 prim ary/e xte nde d partition. D on't as k m e w h y. Go try and Googl e it or s om e th ing if you m us t k now . Al lfol l ow ing partitions go ins ide th is partition. e xt3. l ogical . D e pe nds on w h at dis tro you w ant to ins tal l . For te s ting purpos e s I re com m e nd 10-12GB for CD dis tributions and 15GB+ for D VD dis tributions . O ne of th e dis tributions goe s h e re . Goe s ins ide th e e xte nde d partition. M ak e as m any of th e s e as you ne e d.

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partition your drive . I re com m e nd th e GParte d Live CD . Th is CD doe s partitioning, and jus t about noth ing e l s e , th at's w h at m ak e s it gre at. W h e n you h ave boote d it up th e s e are th e partitions you ne e d to m ak e (s e e 'Form atting th e D rive ' box on pre vious page ) You m ay w ant to m ak e a l ogical fat32 (or e xt3 if you onl y pl an to h ave Linux on th e com pute r you are w ork ing on) for data s torage be tw e e n ope rating s ys te m s . Now , afte r you w rite th e partitions to th e dis k (YO U W ILL LO SE ALLYO UR D ATA), you s h oul d s e e nam e s s uch as /de v/s da1. (Th e s e nam e s w il lvary from s ys te m to s ys te m de pe nding on your h ard drive .) W rite th e s e nam e s dow n al ong w ith w h at partition th e y corre s pond to. At th e ve ry m inim um you ne e d to k now th e nam e of th e partitions you w ant to put Linux on. Al s o, if you m e s s up and w ant to re s tart, jus t put th e CD back in th e drive and de l e te al lth e partitions and m ak e th e m again.

I h ope th at w as cl e ar, if not pl e as e e m ailm e at w e bm as te r@ l inuxl oop.com .)

To s tart out you ne e d to ins tal lone "m ain"ope rating s ys te m . Th is is th e onl y ope rating s ys te m you w il lal l ow to w rite th e "M as te r Boot Re cord" (M BR). Th e M BR is a portion of your h ard drive w h e re your com pute r l ook s for a "boot l oade r"to te l lit w h e re to go to boot an ope rating s ys te m . In th is tutorialw e w il lus e GRUB. GRUB is a boot l oade r th at com e s w ith m os t Linux dis tributions by de faul t. I norm al l y us e Ubuntu, but any Linux th at can ins tal la GRUB boot l oade r (al m os t al lof th e m ) w il lw ork . Th e onl y th ing you ne e d to do diffe re ntl y is th at you ne e d to ch oos e "M anual " (or "Cus tom "or s om e th ing)

14

w h e n you ge t to th e partitioning options . Th e n you ne e d to ch oos e to ins tal lto th e firs t of th e e xt3 partitions and ch oos e m ount point "/". You can l e t it form at it if you w ant. Ch oos e e xt3 or ,if th at is not an option e xt2 (or w h ate ve r th e dis tro pre fe rs , it w il lnot m atte r a l ot).

Th is is going to be th e s am e as ins tal l ing th e m ain O S, e xce pt for tw o th ings . Th e firs t is th at you don't w ant to us e th e s am e partition, s o jus t pick th e ne xt of th e e xt3 partitions e ach tim e , but s til lus e th e m anualm ode


and s tuff. Th e s e cond diffe re nce is th at you don't w ant it to w rite GRUB to th e M BR. Th is varie s from dis tribution to dis tribution and on a fe w dis tributions , you can't do it at al l . Bas ical l y, m ak e s ure th at at s om e point in th e ins tal lproce s s you w il lge t a ch ance to do one of th e fol l ow ing: • Ins tal lGRUB to th e s am e partition th at you ins tal l e d th e O S to. Th is w il lbe ph ras e d diffe re nt w ays , but if you h ave an option to w rite GRUB to th e s am e partition you put th e O S on, th at is th e be s t ch oice . • D on't ins tal lany boot l oade r anyw h e re . Th e onl y be tte r th ing th e n ins tal l ing GRUB to th e s am e partition, is ins tal l ing it to th e s am e partition AND adding th e O S to th e e xis ting GRUB autom atical l y.

O S, and ope n a te rm inalw indow . As root (or in Ubuntu jus t add s udo to th e be ginning) type ge dit /boot/grub/m e nu.l s t. If you us e KD E you w il lne e d to us e k e dit or anoth e r te xt e ditor ins te ad. Now , go to th e bottom of th e fil e and add (on a ne w l ine ): titl e th e nam e of th e ne w O S root (hd0,partition number) chainloader +1 Th e nam e of th e O S can be anyth ing, but I re com m e nd jus t us ing, for e xam pl e , "Ubuntu 7.04." To ge t th e corre ct partition num be r find th e nam e s of th e partitions , th at you w rote dow n. Tak e th e num be r at th e e nd of th e nam e and s ubtract one . Th at s h oul d be it. For e xam pl e , if th e nam e of th e partition w as /de v/s da5, I w oul d w rite root (hd0,4)

O K, s o you got s om e th ing ins tal l e d, now w h at to do ne xt:

Go back into your m ain

Go back into your m ain O S, and ope n a te rm inalw indow . As root (or in Ubuntu jus t add s udo

15

to th e be ginning) type ge dit /boot/grub/m e nu.l s t. If you us e KD E you w il lne e d to us e k e dit or anoth e r te xt e ditor ins te ad. At th e e nd of th is fil e you ne e d to add s om e l ine s of te xt. In th is cas e your be s t be t is to ge t s om e one w h o h as th e dis tro (both ve rs ion and dis tro m atte r) ins tal l e d norm al l y to te l lyou w h at h is /h e r e ntry(s ) s ay. I h ope th is w ork s for you. If you ne e d addition h e l p, pl e as e contact m e at: w e bm as te r@ l inuxl oop.com or l ook in w w w .UbuntuForum s .org

be l ow :


H O W - TO PART 8 - TH E FINALE In th is , th e l as t part of th e Le arning Scribus s e rie s , w e w il ldis cus s e xporting to th e Adobe PD F form at. W h il e PD F is not e xactl y an 'ope n' fil e form at it is e as il y th e m os t w ide l y us e d fil e form at and m e ans th at your fil e w il lbe vie w abl e on Linux, M ac and W indow s . M any profe s s ionalprint h ous e s al s o acce pt PD F fil e s for printing.

A

s e ve r, l e t's s e e w h at w e h ave in Scribus firs t:

To e xport to PD F w e go to m ain m e nu and ch oos e Fil e > Save as PD F W h ich give s us th e Pre Fl igh t Ve rifie r:

Th is w indow m ay se e m l ik e a pe s t at tim e s , al w ays inte rrupting your PD F e xports , but it is abs ol ute l y crucialth at your docum e nt is cre ate d and e xporte d prope rl y to ge t a val id, and us abl e , PD F. Th e drop dow n m e nu at th e top righ t of th e Pre -Fl igh t Ve rifie r w indow is to l e t you ch oos e w h ich ve rs ion (or Profil e ) of PD F you w ant to e xport to. 'PD F 1.4' is about th e be s t option to ch oos e h e re . If you ch oos e 'PD F 1.3' or any of th e oth e r options you run th e ris k of l os ing any fancy trans pare ncy e ffe cts you m ay h ave done .

16

Be l ow th e drop dow n m e nu is al is t of your docum e nt page s and any confl icts th at Scribus finds be tw e e n your docum e nt and th e PD F Profil e you've ch os e n in th e drop dow n m e nu. H e re I've ch os e n th e profil e for 'PD F 1.3' and you can s e e it h as give n m e a l ong l is t of e rrors , th is is due to th e s e m itrans pare nt num be rs I put on th e bl ank page s in a pre vious tutorial . Wh enI ch ange th e profil e back to 'PD F 1.4' I onl y h ave one e rror and th at is a te xt ove rfl ow on page one . Th at is


acce ptabl e as th e te xt is inde e d too l ong for th e te xt boxe s on page one but it is onl y fil l e r te xt and not im portant. You w il lal so ge t w arnings if any te xt or s h ape obje cts are not on a page prope rl y. So th at's m y one e rror and it's total l y acce ptabl e s o I cl ick th e 'Ignore Errors ' button. You can cal lup th e Pre -Fl igh t Ve rifie r w indow any tim e by cl ick ing its button be l ow th e m ain m e nu. Now w e h ave th e actuale xport s e ttings : At th e top of th e w indow is 'O utput to Fil e '. Th is is w h e re you w il ls ave th e PD F and w h at you w ant to nam e it. If you w is h you can e xport e ach page as a s e parate fil e by s im pl y ch e ck ing th e box be l ow th e fil e l ocation box.

Th is w indow h as s ix tabs (a s e ve nth w il lbe avail abl e if you ch oos e th e 'PD F/X-3' Profil e ) w e 'l l w ork th rough th e s e from l e ft to righ t s tarting w ith th e Ge ne raltab. Export Range l e ts you e ith e r e xport th e e ntire docum e nt (Al l Page s ) or e xport se l e cte d page s (Ch oos e Page s ), w ith th e button ch e ck e d for Ch oos e Page s you can e nte r s om e th ing l ik e : 1-3,5. Th at w oul d e xport page s one th rough to th re e and al s o page five . Rotation, as it s ounds , l e ts you rotate th e page s in th e e xporte d PD F.

Fil e O ptions l e ts you ch oos e a ne w PD F Profil e (Com patibil ity) and a m argin for binding. You can th e n

17

ch e ck boxe s for ge ne rating th um bnail s , incl uding book m ark s and s o on. Las t option h e re is th e re s ol ution for EPS (ve ctor) graph ics , 300 dpi is for profe s s ionalq ual ity printing, if you are cre ating a docum e nt for vie w ing on s cre e n or w ant to k e e p your fil e s ize dow n you coul d s e t th is to 100dpi. Com pre s s Te xt and Ve ctor Graph ics w il ldram atical l y ch ange your fil e s ize . Com pre s s ion M e th od is s e t, by de faul t, at Autom atic and Qual ity is s e t to M axim um . Again, th e s e are for profe s s ional q ual ity printing. I can't s ay I'd re com m e nd 'Los s y JPG' for th e be s t M e th od but if you h ave to ch ange it from Autom atic I'd s ay ch oos e 'Los s l e s s Z IP'. For Qual ity I'd re com m e nd you k e e p it at M axim um as oth e rw is e it w il l s tart to h e avil y com pre s s your im age s and your PD F w il ll ook q uite dirty and grainy. Fonts is th e tab w h e re w e can s e e w h ich fonts w e 've us e d and m os t im portantl y w h ich fonts w il l be e m be d into th e PD F.


Th is is to e ffe ctive l y cre ate a PD F sl ide s h ow . Som e th ing I doubt w oul d be w e l com e at your l ocalprint s h op! If a font you've us e d in your docum e nt is not avail abl e on th e re ade r's com pute r th e n you'd h it probl e m s , th ank ful l y th is is ove rcom e by e m be dding th e fonts into th e PD F fil e s o it is im portant to cl ick th e Em be d Al lbutton to s ave ge tting e rrors . In th is ins tance , Scribus h as e m be dde d th e 'D e jaVu Sans Book ' font. Be care fulh e re as you can not e m be d al lfonts , s om e bough t fonts com e w ith l ice ns e s th at do not al l ow e m be dding. Th e Extras tab give s acce s s to pre s e ntation e ffe cts :

Th e Vie w e r tab is ve ry im portant for th e dis pl ay of your docum e nt. Som e PD F fil e s w il lcom e as 'Singl e Page ' w h e re you s crol ldow n vie w ing one page at a tim e . But s om e docum e nts com e dis pl aye d as an ope n book (D oubl e Page ) w ith tw o page s on s cre e n at once . D ocum e nt Layout is w h e re th is s e tting is se l e cte d. D oubl e Page h as a Le ft and Righ t option, th is is w h e re your front page w il lbe . Righ t is w h at m os t Europe an publ ications w oul d us e . Vis ualAppe arance is w h e re you can us e th e PD F vie w e r appl ications ' de faul t s e ttings or force oth e r options s uch as ful ls cre e n, dis pl ay th um bnail s and s o on. Spe cial Actions is rare l y us e d but m ay com e in h andy if you w ant to e xe cute s om e Javas cript on ope ning a PD F.

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Se curity is w h e re you can e ncrypt your PD F w ith a pas s w ord. You can al s o al l ow or pre ve nt s uch th ings as printing, copying te xt and s uch l ik e . Col our tab h as s om e s e ttings for e ith e r 'Scre e n/W e b', 'Printe r' or 'Gre ys cal e '. M os t of th e tim e you w il lus e Scre e n/W e b.

Afte r you h ave s ifte d th rough th e options you cl ick Save and h ope for th e be s t! If it's your firs t tim e e xporting a docum e nt to PD F th e n it w il ltak e a fe w trie s to ge t it jus t th e w ay you w ant it. In cl os ing, th e re are s om e th ings you m us t re m e m be r w h il e e xporting your docum e nt: • D o not re l y on us e r ch ange abl e options - s uch as m e nu bars - for pre s e ntation as th e us e r can e as il y turn th e s e back on again pos s ibl y m ak ing your docum e nt l ook ugl y. • It is be s t not to l e t your docum e nt


ADVERTISEM ENT coding, h ack ing and s e curity, non-W indow s ope rating s ys te m s or gam ing?Stil lin ne e d of pl ans for your 2008 s um m e r h ol iday?Re ad on, be caus e m igh t be jus t th e th ing for you!

go ful ls cre e n as s om e vie w e r appl ications m ay not as k or give a w arning w h ich m ay frigh te n vie w e rs w h e n th e ir s cre e ns go bl ack and fl ick e r! • Th e Pre -Fl igh t Ve rifie r is your frie nd, h e e d its w arnings ! You can cl ick on an e rror in th e Ve rifie r w indow and it w il l jum p to th at page and h igh l igh t w h at, or w h e re , th e e rror is l ocate d.

is a nine -day LAN e ve nt tak ing pl ace in th e Ne th e rl ands in th e s um m e r of 2008. Th e firs t diffe re nce w ith m os t re gul ar LAN partie s is th at ETH 0 tak e s pl ace outdoors . You bring, not onl y your com pute r, but your ow n te nt (or caravan) to an ope n fie l d in th e north e rn tip of H ol l and approxim ate l y 30 m il e s north of Am s te rdam .

• Th ink about your re ade rs , if th e y are vie w ing your docum e nt on a s l ow com pute r or an ol dl aptop th e n you re al l y do not w ant to us e th e 'ope n book ' form at as th e ir m ach ine m ay be to ol d to q uick l y dis pl ay tw o page s at once .

M any LAN partie s are aim e d s ol el y at gam e rs – and ofte n W indow s onl y gam e s at th at at ETH 0, w e are h os ting a LAN e ve nt th at cate rs to a w ide r audie nce th an jus t gam e rs , by h aving inform ative s pe e ch e s and dis cus s ion pane l s on a varie ty of s ubje cts .

• To e dit w h at is ch e ck e d or unch e ck e d in th is docum e nt's Export PD F w indow you can go to th e Fil e → D ocum e nt Se tup m e nu.

And th at brings us to th e e nd of m y Le arning Scribus s e rie s , I h ope you've e njoye d it, I've s e e n s om e gre at th ings cre ate d by pe opl e w h o've fol l ow e d th is s e rie s s o pl e as e , k e e p th e e m ail s com ing!

h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/49 4f53 Scribus vide o tutorial s.

Th e LAN are a w il lbe divide d into four vil l age s : • : e ve ryth ing on O pe n Source , O pe n s tandards , s e curity, Unix, Ubuntu and oth e r non-W indow s ope rating s ys te m s . • : h os te d by w w w .s im uze .nl , a com m unity for s h aring m us ic unde r th e Cre ative Com m ons l ice ns e , th is vil l age cate rs to pe rform e rs and e nth us ias ts of m us ic, vide o and oth e r m ul tim e dia re l ate d th ings . • : as th e nam e s ugge s ts , th is vil l age is about e ve ryth ing re l ate d to w ire l e s s te ch nol ogy. • : of cours e , jus t be caus e th e focus of th e e ve nt is not on gam ing, it doe s n't m e an w e w ant to e xcl ude gam e rs com pl e te l y. Th e re fore , one vil l age w il lbe de dicate d to gam e s and gam ing tournam e nts . Each vil l age h as its ow n s tage , w h e re dis cus s ions w il lbe h os te d. Th is e ns ure s a targe t audie nce trul y inte re s te d in th e pre s e ntation, and for th e vis itors it's e as y to w al k to a diffe re nt vil l age to l e arn about ne w s ubje cts w ith out h aving to go to a s e parate e ve nt. As w e l las m ajor s pe ak e rs , e ve ry m e m be r of th e publ ic is invite d to s h are th e ir k now l e dge . If you h ave e xpe rie nce in a particul ar s ubje ct, you are invite d to join our dis cus s ions or pre s e nt a s pe e ch of your ow n. If you jus t w ant to l is te n and l e arn, and h ave fun w ith l ik e -m inde d pe opl e , you're m ore th an w e l com e to join us at ETH 0 as a vis itor. For m ore inform ation, incl uding various s pe e ch e s w e pl an to h ave and h ow to s ign-up, or if you can h e l p us in any w ay, ch e ck our w e b s ite at w w w .e th -0.nl .

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REVIEW

TO M BO Y ve rs ion 0.6. Eve n at th is e arl y s tage , h ow e ve r, it is ve ry robus t. Th e re are e ve n m any officialand unofficial pl ugins avail abl e to e nh ance th e appl ication e ve n furth e r.

A

re l ative l y ne w appl ication h as found its w ay into th e re ce nt ve rs ions of m any Linux dis tributions . It is cal l ed Tom boy. It contains s e ve ralparts : a pos t-it appl ication, a note pad, a cros s -inde xing tooland a q uick publ is h e r. It is al s o ve ry addictive , e as y to us e and doe s aw ay w ith th e h as s l e of nam ing fil e s and re m e m be ring dire ctory path s . Tom boy is an e vol ving appl ication and th e l ate s t re l e as e is s til l

Start Tom boy by cl ick ing Appl ications > Acce s s orie s > Tom boy Note s . Th is l aunch e s Tom boy as an appl e t on your m e nu toolbar. O nce l aunch e d it re m ains active and you

20

can acce s s your note s q uick l y from th e appl e t icon untilyou l og out or q uit th e appl e t. You can al so l aunch Tom boy e ve ry tim e you l og in by adding th is appl ication in auto-s tart m e nu acce s s e d from Sys te m > Pre fe re nce s > Se s s ions > Startup Program s . Cl ick th e ne w button to add “ Tom boy” in nam e box and “ tom boy” in com m and box. Ne xt tim e you l og in Tom boy w il ls tart autom atical l y. O ve r tim e you m ay te nd to forge t th e fil e nam e in w h ich you h ave s ave d your w ork or th e dire ctory w h e re your fil e w as l ocate d. For th is purpos e , de s k top s e arch tool s are us e ful but com parative l y cum be rs om e . W ith Tom boy, you do not h ave to re m e m be r and ope n any particul ar fil e unde r your dire ctory tre e . Al lyour note s are s tore d unde r th e nam e of th e h e ading. Eve n be tte r, th e y are


inde xe d. Tom boy cre ate s its ow n h idde n dire ctory unde r you h om e dire ctory. To s e e th e conte nts of th is dire ctory you can "e nabl e" vie w h idde n fil e s option in Nautil us and brow s e th e conte nts , al th ough th e re is no re alne e d to do th is .

W ork ing on any Tom boy note can be accom pl is h e d w ith jus t tw o cl ick s . Firs t cl ick on appl e t icon (in th e toolbar). Th is give s you a l is t of al lnote s th at you h ave m ade in orde r of re ce nt us e . For th e s e cond cl ick , s e l e ct th e note from th e l is t to s tart w ork ing. You can l aunch m ul tipl e note s at th e s am e

tim e and you can ope n cl os e or ope n note s as ne e de d. Th e l is t of note s th at are dis pl aye d is l im ite d. If you w ant a note to al w ays appe ar in th e l is t you can m ak e it s tick y by cl ick ing on th e “ pin� icon agains t th e note s o th at e ve n if is not of re ce nt us e it w il l not dis appe ar from vie w . Th e l is t al so al l ow s you to cre ate a ne w note or to s e arch for a te xt patte rn in e xis ting note s . Saving note s is as e as y as jus t cl os ing th e note . Th e re 's no ne e d of giving a fil e nam e or a dire ctory to s tore it in as Tom boy doe s th at on its ow n. W h e n you s tart a ne w note Tom boy give s it a s e q ue ntialh e ading autom atical l y. To ch ange th e h e ading al lyou h ave to do is ove rw rite th e de faul t h e ading w ith your ow n. In e ffe ct th e h e ading of th e note is al so th e fil e nam e . Be caus e of th is , Tom boy doe s not al l ow you to h ave tw o note s of th e s am e nam e and w arns you w h e n cl os ing a note w ith s am e h e ading to ch ange th is . Th e inte rface is ve ry s im pl e as th e re are onl y five s im pl e m e nus and a pl ace to w rite your note . Th e m e nu ite m s in th e note s w indow are Se arch , Link , Te xt, Tool s and D e l e te . As th e nam e im pl ie s , th e Se arch m e nu ope ns th e

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s e arch dial og box w h e re you can de fine s e arch crite ria. It re turns al is t of al lnote s th at contain your ite m w ith num be r of occurre nce in e ach note . You can dire ctl y cl ick on s e arch re s ul ts to ope n any note . W h il e w riting a note , if you se l e ct a w ord (or s e ve ral w ords ) th e l ink m e nu be com e s active . if you cl ick on th is a ne w note w ith th e h igh l igh te d w ord(s ) as note h e ading is s tarte d. Th e h igh l igh te d w ord can al s o be give n s pe cialform atting from th e options avail abl e unde r th e Te xt m e nu. Al th ough l im ite d, th e te xt form atting options are s ufficie nt. Standard s h ort cuts of copy, cut, pas te , bol d, and ital ic al s o w ork . Th e D e l e te m e nu option de l e te s th e curre nt note . To pre ve nt accide ntalde l e tions a confirm ation box appe ars . Th e Tool s m e nu give s ris e to m any m ore pos s ibil itie s and w e w il l dis cus s th is a l ittl e l ate r.


To m ak e l ife e as ie r Tom boy h as s om e cool fe ature s l ik e s pe l lch e ck , auto-l ink ing and h ype r-l ink ing. Additional l y, th e re are m any pl ugins avail abl e th at can e nh ance functional ity. Th e s pe l lch e ck e r w il lh igh l igh t any w ord th at you s pe l lw rong by unde rl ining in re d. By bringing th e m ous e curs or on top of th e m is s pe l l e d w ord and righ t cl ick ing you ge t a m e nu for l ook ing at al te rnative w ords . You can al so add cus tom w ords to th e dictionary s o th at th e y do not s h ow up as s pe l l ing e rrors . Auto-l ink ing is one of th e be s t fe ature s of Tom boy. Th is appl ication inde xe s al lw ords th at are w ritte n in a note and com pare s th e m w ith h e adings of al lnote s th at you h ave m ade . If it finds any w ord (or com bination of w ords ) m atch ing h e ading of an e xis ting note th e n th is w ord(s ) is autom atical l y h igh l igh te d in re d and a l ink is cre ate d to th at note . O n cl ick ing th e l ink e d note is

ope ne d. Th is m ak e s a gre at w ay of m ak ing cros s re fe re nce d note s . Not onl y th is , if you ch ange th e h e ading of a note w h ich is l ink e d from s om e oth e r note th e w ords in th at note w il l al s o ch ange to s h ow th e ne w h e ading! W atch out as th is can h ave uninte nde d cons e q ue nce s too. Th is is al s o th e re as on th at you s h oul d k e e p h e adings uniq ue and not us e s ingl e w ords . Tom boy al s o w ork s w ith h ype rl ink s , inte rnalas w e l las e xte rnal . For ins tance , if you w rite th e ful lpath to al ocalfil e l ik e : file://home/sudev/test.odt A h ype r l ink is autom atical l y cre ate d w ith in your note . W h e n you cl ick on th is your s ys te m w il lfire up th e as s ociate d appl ication and ope n th e targe t fil e . In th is e xam pl e th e O pe nO ffice .org W rite r program w il l be l aunch e d w ith te s t.odt fil e . Th is is a gre at w ay of e m be dding your fil es into note s and s o th at you don't h ave to re m e m be r th e e ntire dire ctory tre e . You can h ave m ul tipl e fil e (l ink s ) in one note and m ul tipl e note s m ay l ink to one fil e.

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Sim il arl y, w h e n an e xte rnal h ype r-l ink to a w e b page is cl ick e d, it fire s up your brow s e r and th e URLis ope ne d w ith in th at. Th e m om e nt you w rite a w e bs ite URLor an e m ailaddre s s it autom atical l y cre ate s a h ype rl ink . Cl ick ing on an e m ail addre s s s tarts a com pos e (w rite to) w indow in your m ailprogram . Th e "Note of th e D ay"pl ug-in is not turne d on by de faul t. O nce th is fe ature is turne d on th e n e ve ry day a ne w note is ge ne rate d giving date as th e h e ading w ith tw o s e ctions for tas k s and appointm e nts . If you do not add any conte nt th e n th is


note is autom atical l y de l e te d. Th is is s im il ar to m aintaining your dail y diary. Ins tal l ing a pl ug-in is e as y. A rath e r inte re s ting and im portant pl ug-in is th e “ Re m ind” pl ug in and fol l ow ing th e de s cription be l ow you can al so s tart us ing th is . Firs t, dow nl oad th e binary from h ttp://raph ae l .s l inck x.ne t/fil e s /tom boy-re m inde r.dl l . Now ope n th e pl ug-in fol de r by righ t cl ick ing on appl e t icon, it is th e firs t m e nu ch oice . D rag and drop th e dow nl oade d fil e in to th is fol de r. Quit and re s tart Tom boy and th e n us e th e Pre fe re nce s m e nu to e nabl e th e Re m ind pl ug-in. Now if in any note you w rite "Re m ind 15 Augus t"th e w ords w il l autom atical l y h igh l igh te d in ye l l ow indicating th at a re m inde r h as be e n s e t. O n th e 15th Augus t th is note w il lautom atical l y pop up w h e n Tom boy is running. If you

are bus y and cl os e th e note it w il l k e e p popping ope n e ve ry h al f an h our untilyou de l e te th e re m inde r. Such conve nie nce ! You can w rite re m inde rs in m any form ats . “ Re m ind Sunday” “ Re m ind 23 Augus t at 11:30am ” are al lval id form ats . Look up Tom boy h om e page or ch e ck out on th e inte rne t on additional inform ation and oth e r pl ug-in th at are avail abl e. Th e re is no l im it to l e ngth of note and you can w rite page s w orth of te xt in one note . H ow e ve r, practical l y it is e as ie r to bre ak up note s in to m any s m al l e r note s . O r you can w rite l ong de tail s in a fil e and give a fil e al ink in a note th at s um m arize s th e de tail s. Now w e com e to th e Tool s m e nu. O ne bas ic ch oice is printing note s w h ich ope ns th e print dial ogue w ith th e us ualprinting options . Anoth e r option is to s e e w h at note s l ink to th e curre nt note . You can navigate to any of th e s e note s by jus t cl ick ing on th e nam e . Th e m os t inte re s ting option unde r th is m e nu is Export to H TM L. W ith th is you can cre ate a w e b page from your note w ith jus t cl ick of a button. Th e pop up box al so

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offe rs you th e ch oice of e xporting onl y th e curre nt note or al lnote s th at are l ink e d w ith th e curre nt note . Not onl y are l ink e d note s are publ is h e d in th e w e b page , but intra-l ink s are al s o cre ate d s o th at you can cl ick and navigate from th e .h tm l page . H ow can th is be a k il l er fe ature th at can e nh ance th e functional ity of Tom boy?Sim pl e, jus t copy pas te th e output .h tm l page to your w e b dire ctory and you h ave a publ is h e d docum e nt! In our organization w e h ave configure d w e b-s e rve r to al l ow pe rs onalpage s . W e cut and pas te th e .h tm loutput to our pe rs onalw e b-fol de r and s e nd out e m ail s w ith th e l ink to pe opl e w e w ant to s h are w ith . Th is w ay w e can s h are inform ation and in th e s am e w ay by re -publ is h ing from update d Tom boy note . M ore inform ation on can be s e e n at th e h om e page : h ttp://w w w .gnom e .org/proje cts /tom boy/


M Y O PINIO N

G A M ES , W H ER E A RE TH EY?

H one s tl y th at is m y q ue s tion, w h e re are th e y?Sure , th e re are a l ot of fre e w are gam e s out th e re th at are fun and re al l y put toge th e r wel l . But w h e re are th e big nam e titl e s ?W h e re are Crys is , H e l l gate London, W orl d of W arcraft, Age of Em pire s , Guil d W ars or any of th e oth e r bl ock bus te r titl e s th at are out for th e W indow s bunch ?

W

h at is it th at k e e ps th e EAs of th e w orl d (and by EAs I s pe ak of publ is h e rs l ik e El e ctronic Arts , UbiSoft e tc.) from re cognizing our l ove l y s tabl e ope rating s ys te m ?Th at is a q ue s tion th at I k now h as be e n th row n around for age s now . But it's s til ls om e th ing th at I cons tantl y as k m ys e l f w h e ne ve r I fire up m y W indow s box to pl ay W orl d of W arcraft or Battl e fie l d 2142. W h y can't w e s e e th is s upport for Ubuntu Linux and Linux in ge ne ral ? I h ave be e n a fan of Linux s ince I pl aye d w ith Re d H at w ay back in th e day. I h ave fol l ow e d a l ot of dis tributions s uch as Sus e , O ne bas e (now de funct), Ge ntoo, Re d H at, and a fe w of th e s m al l er dis tributions . M y curre nt l ove is Ubuntu w h ich I've us e d off and on

s ince 4.10. I h ave al w ays k e pt up w ith w h at w as going on in th e re al m of Ubuntu. But m y re all ove on th e PC is th e gam ing are a, from Firs t Pe rs on Sh oote rs to Fl igh t Sim ul ators to RPGs . If th e y've be e n re l e as e d I've trie d to pl ay th e m . From th e good to th e bad to th e ugl y, th e y've cros s e d m y de s k top. I jus t l ove gam e s ... And th is is w h e re in m y e ye s (w h ich re m e m be r are m y e ye s not your e ye s ) Linux is l ack ing jus t w ay too m uch . I k now for one w e can count on s ay id Softw are , de ve l ope r of th e D oom and Quak e franch is e s , to re l e as e an update afte r th e ir product is re l e as e d to give us a w ork ing copy of a W indow s bas e d gam e for Linux. And i'm s ure th e de ve l ope rs of th e Unre alfranch is e is anoth e r one of th os e com panie s th at w il ls upport Linux. Unfortunate l y, l ik e id Softw are , it is w ith a boxe d ite m

24

but w ith a patch . I don't w ant to ge t a patch to m ak e a W indow s bas e d gam e run on Linux. I w ant a box w ith a CD or a D VD w ith th e gam e on it, re ady for ins tal l ation on m y Linux s ys te m . “ But w ait, w e can us e W ine or Ce de ga to run our favorite m ode rn W indow s gam e s !” I k now and I h ave us e d to run a fe w of m y gam e s , but th at's adding an e xtra l e ve lof “ com pl e xity” th at re al l y s h oul dn't e ve n e xis t for th e ave rage de s k top us e r. Pe opl e th at are com ing ove r from th e W indow s w orl d are s o us e d to sl iding in th e CD or D VD into th e ir drive , ins tal l ing th e gam e , and h aving an icon on th e ir de s k top w ith out h aving to k now anyth ing te ch nicalabout th e ir com pute r or ope rating s ys te m . W h e n th e y m ak e th e trans ition


to Ubuntu th e y e xpe ct th e s am e th ing. W e ne e d native Linux gam e s from big nam e com panie s w ith big nam e titl e s and w e ne e d th e m boxe d and re ady for purch as e off our l ocalgam e s tore sh e l ve s or from an onl ine s tore . D o you guys re m e m be r Lok i Gam e s ?Th e y w e re in m y opinion one of our h ope s for boxe d gam e s from th e big guys out th e re . Lok i re l e as e d good products th rough th e ir l ife s pan and I al w ays th ough t th e y w oul d garne r e nough inte re s t in th e Linux com m unity th at th e y'd s tick around l onge r th an th e y did. Th e y w oul d tak e a W indow s bas e d gam e and port it to Linux, w ith a cus tom ins tal l e r for e as y ins tal l ation on any Linux com pute r capabl e of running th e gam e . I th ink th e l as t boxe d Linux native gam e I bough t w as iD Softw are 's ow n Quak e 3 w h ich w as “ porte d” ove r to Linux by Lok i and a fine

one at th at, and in al lh one s ty I bough t th at, not for th e de ath m atch bas e d gam e pl ay but for th e fact th at it w as going to s upport a com pany trying to bol s te r Linux's appe alas a gam ing pl atform . Unfortunate l y in 2002 Lok i de cide d to cl os e up s h op and w ith th at w e l os t our one abil ity to ge t a boxe d native Linux gam e . M y oth e r inte re s t is w h y is it th at th e m ain gam e s th at do ge t “ porte d” to th e Linux pl atform are s h oote rs ?W h y is th at?W h y do w e not s e e Bl izzard give th e com m unity a Linux cl ie nt for th e ir 10 m il l ion us e r m as s ive l y popul ar M M O RPG W orl d of W arcraft; but w e do ge t Unre alTournam e nt 3 re l e as e d for th e Linux pl atform ?And w h il e w e are s pe ak ing of Bl izzard w h y is it th at th e y w il lre l e as e a cl ie nt for th e M ac ope rating s ys te m and on th e Inte lpl atform w h e n w e al lk now O S X h as a foundation of BSD ?Grante d, Bl izzard h as al w ays re l e as e d both M ac and W indow s ve rs ions of th e ir gam e s , but w h y not

25

for Linux?W h y is it th at O l eg M addox of M addox 1c, de ve l ope r of th e IL2 franch is e , w il lnot do a “ port” of IL2 to th e Linux pl atform e ve n w h e n h e h as be e n as k e d num e rous tim e s about it? Ye t on th e oth e r s ide of th e coin iD s oftw are h as re l e as e d a fre e cl ie nt for it's ne w Quak e franch is e e ntry and Battl e fie l d s e rie s com pe titor Ene m y Te rritory: Quak e W ars . W h y is it th at th e FPS ge nre w il ls upport th e Linux com m unity and pl atform to an e xte nt but ge tting a com pany l ik e Bl izzard (W orl d of W arcraft), Gas Pow e re d Gam e s (Supre m e Com m ande r), Re l ic (Com pany of H e roe s ) to e ve n th ink about it is a ch ore unto its e l f? I th ink th e m ain de tractor to th e EAs of th e w orl d s upporting th e Linux s ys te m s out th e re is th e m ark e t s h are . Th e Linux de s k top m ark e t s h are jus t is n't th e re . W ith Appl e h aving 8% m ark e t s h are now I can s e e th e M ac garne ring m ore inte re s t in th e gam e re al m , e ve n th ough Ste ve Jobs h as an off again on again inte re s t in gam ing for h is


s ys te m s (re m e m be r th e unve il ing of D oom 3?). Fact is , M r Jobs jus t doe s n't care about gam ing on h is s ys te m s . But if you l ook at Appl e 's m ark e t s h are , and it's curre nt “ h ot� s tatus w ith th e cons um e r, I coul d de finite l y s e e th e ir s h are of th e de s k top m ark e t incre as ing e ve n m ore and fact be k now n M icros oft's s h are w il lnot drop anytim e s oon. And w ith th at, in m y opinion th e probl e m w ith th is is th at I don't s e e th e Linux de s k top incre as ing to th e point th at it can catch up to Appl e. W ith out th e ave rage W indow s or M ac us e r k now ing about Ubuntu or Linux I don't fe e lit can catch up, and in e s s e nce w on't gain th e inte re s t of th e big EAs of th e gam ing w orl d. And th at m e ans adve rtis e on TVand in m agazine s , not jus t on th e w e b. W ord of m outh is good, but to ge t our pe nguin on m ore m ach ine s and gain its m ark e t s h are I fe e l th at th e re s h oul d be Ubuntu adve rtis e m e nts in m os t com pute r m agazine s , te l e vis ion com m e rcial s (Le t's s e e a Ubuntu vs . W indow s vs . M ac ad. Now th at w oul d be inte re s ting), e tc. But th at's jus t m y opinion of cours e .

Anoth e r of th e de tractors is th e ove ral ls upport by th e gam ing com panie s for M icros oft's D ire ctX API. A m ajority of th e gam e s th e s e days , no m atte r w h at ge nre , are de s igne d w ith D ire ctX in m ind. Ye t if you l ook at th e bas e e ngine of both th e Quak e s e rie s and th e Unre al s e rie s th e y are buil t around th e O pe nGLAPI, w h ich is an ope n graph ics API and is total l y s upporte d by th e Linux pl atform . Ubuntu (and Linux in ge ne ral ) doe s not h ave an D ire ctX com patibl e API s e t, s o gam ing com panie s w oul d ne e d to re de s ign th e ir gam e s in O pe nGLor M icros oft w oul d h ave to h ave D ire ctX s upport Linux to h ave a ful lfe ature d 3D gam e e ngine . And again th is is w h e re Ce de ga com e s in and al l ow s Linux us e rs to run D ire ctX e nabl ed gam e s , but it is not a fool proof w ay of pl aying th os e gam e s . Th e re 's a l ot of te ch nicalis s ue s w ith pl aying th e s e gam e s th rough Ce de ga s uch as

26

vide o is s ue s , cras h e s , graph ics card incom patibil itie s . Th e ge ne ralde s k top us e r w il lnot w ant to h aggl e w ith th os e is s ue s ;it's a jus t w ork m e ntal ity. W h ich you can't bl am e s ince th e y are com ing from a W indow s w orl d w h e re th e s oftw are is de s igne d for it and pre tty m uch w ork s out of th e box. In cl os ing, if w e are to ge t Ubuntu (or Linux in ge ne ral ) s e rious l y into th e gam ing m ark e t and th ough t of as a s e rious pl atform for gam ing w e ne e d m ark e t s h are . To ge t th at m ark e t s h are w e ne e d adve rtis ing and w ith adve rtis ing w e w il ls e e inte re s t from th e de s k top us e rs th at w ant ch ange and as th e y com e ove r and boos t m ark e t s h are th e EAs of th e w orl d w il ls e e our pl atform as a w e l lrounde d and s tabl e gam ing e nvironm e nt. Is w h at I'm s aying s o w rong?Abs ol ute l y not!


M Y STO RY

UBUNTU A NA LO GY

I am not th e k ind of pe rs on w h o fe e l s a s e ns e of pride in M icros oft bas h ing. I re s pe ct M icros oft as th e y put in a l ot of e ffort in orde r to m ak e a s tabl e ope rating s ys te m w h ich th e y update re gul arl y w ith s e rvice pack s and fixe s . For th is re as on I us e d w indow s for about th re e or four ye ars . But th e n I h e ard from a frie nd, th at th e re is an O S nam e d Ubuntu th at is s h ippe d fre e of cos t w ith no pos talch arge s . So, I de cide d to give it a try. W h e n I s tarte d us ing Ubuntu, I l e arne d ove r tim e th at Ubuntu is a far be tte r ope rating s ys te m .

O n a cozy l ittl e h il lunde r a l arge , l e afy oak l ive d a com m unity of ants . Th e ants w ork e d toge th e r to m utual advantage . W h e n one ant h ad an ide a h e w oul d cre ate a bl ue print and pos t it on a com m unity m e s s age board. O th e r ants w oul d th e n pitch in to h e l p bring th e pl an to fruition. It w as a s im pl e and e ffe ctive approach to l ife . Th e ants w e re h appy and pros pe rous .

O n th e oppos ite s ide of a ne arby s tre am l ive a bunch of unrul y gras s h oppe rs . Th e s e gras s h oppe rs did not l ive as a com m unity but ins te ad did as th e y w ante d, ofte n acting in th e ir ow n s e l f inte re s t. Som e tim e s an as piring gras s h oppe r w oul d com e up w ith w h at h e be l ie ve d w as a uniq ue toolor s tructure . M otivate d by gre e d, h e w oul d fil e a pate nt for h is "inve ntion" w ith th e l ocalpate nt office . Now , th e pate nt office w as run by m ol es wh o l ive d in ancie nt tunne l s by ancie nt rul e s and unde rs tood l ittl e of bugs , tool s or buil ding code s . W h e n th e s e odd gras s h oppe rs w oul d fil e th e ir appl ications , th e m ol e s s im pl y approve d th e m be caus e it w as e as ie r th an trying to unde rs tand. Be l ie ving th e pate nt gave th e gras s h oppe r e xcl us ive righ ts , e ach w oul d fie rce l y de fe nd h is ide a by e ith e r de s troying

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anyth ing th at l ook e d s im il ar or re q uiring prote ction m one y. As a re s ul t, s om e gras s h oppe rs w e re q uite pros pe rous but m os t l ive d in fe ar and fe w w e re h appy. Eve ntual l y, th e gras s h oppe rs w e re abl e to force m os t e ve ryone e l s e to l ive by th e ir rul e s . Th e ants , h ow e ve r, care d l ittl e about th e pol itics of gras s h oppe rs and continue d to buil d th e ir com m unity as th e y h ad al w ays done . In tim e , th e y de ve l ope d an e ffe ctive and h igh l y dis tribute d com m unity w ith s e parate but s im il arl y run h il l s al love r th e are a. It w as n't l ong be fore th e ant com m unity be cam e l arge e nough to attract th e atte ntion of th e gre e dy gras s h oppe rs w h o at firs t fe l t th e ants w e re jus t odd and h ad l ittl e


future but now re al ize d th at th e y actual l y h ad it q uite good. Th e y be cam e je al ous , and de cide d th e be s t cours e of action w as to cl aim th e ants h ad infringe d on th e ir pate nts and s h oul d e ith e r be paying prote ction m one y or force d to give up th e ir w ay of l ife . A fe w of th e ants w e re fool e d by th is tactic and fe l l unde r th e s pe l lof th e gras s h opp e rs . Th e re s t jus t l augh e d at th e gras s h opp e rs and w e nt about buil ding and im proving th e ir com m unity.

m ol e s w oul d not h e l p and w oul d l ik e l y tak e aw ay th e ir pre cious pate nts rath e r th an try and figure anyth ing out.

Th e gras s h oppe rs w e re pe rpl e xe d by th is . Th e y w e re not accus tom e d to h aving oth e rs l augh and turn th e ir back s on th e m . Th e y cons ide re d appe al ing to th e m ol e s , but it w as cl e ar th e

Th e ants , of cours e , w e re not de fe ate d in th e l e as t. O th e r com m unitie s ral l ie d around th e m and l ife w e nt on m uch as be fore . Th e ants continue d to e xpand and pros pe r. Th e oth e r cre ature s s aw th is

Final l y, gre e d and frus tration l ed th e gras s h oppe rs to concl ude an al l out attack on th e ants w as ne e de d. Arm e d w ith th e ir l aw ye rs th e y took to th e s k ie s . Spotting w h at l ook e d to be th e ce nte r of th e com m unity th e y s w arm e d dow n upon th e ants and is s ue d w rits and fil ed injunctions . Sm ug in th e ir s upe riority, th e gras s h oppe rs l e ft confide nt th at th e y h ad w on and w oul d s e e or h e ar l ittl e from th e ants e ve r again.

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and one by one abandone d th e gras s h oppe rs and th e ir re s trictive l ice ns e s . From tim e to tim e th e gras s h oppe rs w oul d is s ue ve nom l e s s th re ats but th e e ve r e xpanding ant com m unity paid l ittl e atte ntion. Afte r one particul arl yl ong and dark w inte r, th e gras s h oppe rs aw ok e to find th e m s e l ve s al one and irre l e vant. A fe w of th e brave r one s cros s e d th e s tre am and joine d th e ants . Th e re s t s tood around daze d, confus e d and unabl e to com pre h e nd w h at h ad h appe ne d.


UBUNTU YO UTH

I

w as on Th ink Ge e k .com th e oth e r day l ook ing for th ings to be g m y m oth e r for. I cam e up w ith a l is t of th e m os t aw e s om e (and ge e k y!) gifts th at your pare nts ' cre dit card can orde r! H e re it is ... h ttp://w w w .th ink ge e k .com /h om e office /bl ank e ts /574a/ Th is bl ank e t h as a nice te rm inal gre e n on bl ack patte rn of 1's and 0's al l ove r it. Th e bl ank e t is 85% acryl ic and 15% pol ye s te r. Pe rfe ct for k e e ping you w arm as you code your w ay th rough th is h ol iday s e as on. Price : $39 .9 9 USD h ttp://w ik i.gp2x.org/w ik i/W h e re _to_Buy Th e w orl d's ve ry firs t h andh e l d ope ns ource Linux-bas e d gam ing pl atform ,

Th e future of O pe n Source is in th e Young Pe opl e of today;th at's w h y th is corne r of th e m agazine is for young pe opl e or s im pl y th os e w h o are young at h e art.

now w ith a touch s cre e n! Th e nice th ing about th is is th at it's ful l y h ack abl e. You can dow nl oad gam e s for it off th e inte rne t and e ve n de ve l op your ow n w ith out a l ice ns e . It al s o pl ays m us ic and vide o, and a pe rfe ct Ch ris tm as pre s e nt for anyone w h o l ik e s Linux or O pe n Source . Price : ~ $169 .9 9 USD h ttp://w w w .l inuxform at.co.uk / It h as gre at tutorial s, re vie w s , inte rvie w s , and a Live D VD e ve ry m onth ful lof s oftw are . At th e tim e of w riting, th e m ain articl e of th e m agazine is “ 10 Gre at D IY Proje cts ” , and th e D VD fe ature s Xubuntu 7.04. It's a gre at m agazine for l e arning as w e l las s taying in touch w ith th e Linux com m unity. Price : $178 USD (~ 124 e uros or £9 0) for a one ye ar s ubs cription.

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h ttps ://s h op.canonical .com / H ow coul dI pos s ibl y not incl ude th is in an articl e for an Ubuntu m agazine ?Sh ow off your Ubuntu pride and prom ote Fre e /O pe n Source s oftw are w ith th is e xce l l e nt m e rch andis e ! You can ge t k e ych ains , note book s , T-s h irts and e ve n USB fl as h drive s w ith th e Ubuntu l ogo on th e m . Th e y al so se l lCD s in cas e you ne e d a l arge q uantity for a bus ine s s or an organization. Price : Varie s , £7.50 UK for a bas ic T-s h irt.


UBUNTU W O M EN Th e Ubuntu-W om e n (UW ) Proje ct w as founde d by Vidya Aye r in January 2006 w h e n M ark Sh uttl e w orth grante d official s tatus to th e proje ct and by M arch w e h ad a m ail ing l is t and al so a ne w w e bs ite : w w w .ubuntuw om e n.org Curre ntl y UW com pris e s a te am of vol unte e rs to provide a pl atform of e ncourage m e nt and dire ction for w om e n to contribute to Ubuntu-Linux, a D e bian bas e d fre e and ope n-s ource GNU/Linux s oftw are . Th e Fl os s pol s re port, indicate s th at about 1.5% of FLO SS com m unity m e m be rs w e re fe m al e , com pare d w ith 28% in proprie tary s oftw are , w h ich is sl igh tl y h igh e r at 2.4% w om e n according to th e Ubuntu Ce ns us Surve y (June 2006). At pre s e nt w e h ave m any active w om e n vol unte e rs l ik e Sus ana, El izabe th , Rom ana, Sh e ri, Is abe l l e , D inda and m any m ore , w h o s pan

diffe re nt tim e zone s acros s th e gl obe . O ur m ain goalis to provide vis ibil ity to w om e n w h o contribute and don diffe re nt te ch nicaland non-te ch nical rol e s in th e Ubuntu com m unity. Program m ing be ing h igh l y de ve l opm e nt-orie nte d and a pl e th ora of dis tro's m ak e s it m ore difficul t in te rm s of ide ntifying a probl e m in "X" appl ication, and k now ing h ow to 'fix' it. W ith UW w e h ave trie d to cre ate a pl atform for w om e n to com m unicate ope nl y and as k te ch nicalq ue s tions w ith out any fe ar of be ing fl am e d or ridicul e d for as k ing s il l y be ginne r q ue s tions .

- If you are a FLO SS de ve l ope r, w e h ave a M e ntoring program al ong th e l ine s of Each -O ne -Te ach -O ne , and w oul dl ik e to h ave vol unte e rs w il l ing to m e ntor w om e n in s pe cific te ch nicaltas k s (s uch as w riting patch e s , bug te s ting, w riting s pe cifications and m aintaining

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pack age s th e re by e nabl ing s upport to l e arn and grow . - Spons or w om e n w h o w is h to give te ch nicalpre s e ntations about Ubuntu at Inte rnational confe re nce s and s e m inars . - O rganize Ubuntu h ack -fe s ts , bar cam ps for w om e n at Linux confe re nce s or l ocale ve nts . You can us e th e m ail ing l is t (h ttps ://l is ts .ubuntu.com /m ail m an /l is tinfo/ubuntu-w om e n) or ch anne l# ubuntu-w om e n at fre e node .ne t to run cours e s on Ubuntu-re l ate d de ve l opm e nt or any te ch nicaltopic. UW m e m be rs h ip h as al w ays be e n ope n to al l , irre s pe ctive of ge nde r and coul d figure on our Profil e s page by joining us and us h e ring in ch ange and dive rs ity via Ubuntu-W om e n!


SO UND BITES

T

h is m onth I w il lbe tal k ing about CNR (Cl ick and Run), a pack age m anage r from w h ich w il lbe im pl e m e nte d into Ubuntu in th e ne ar future . Th e y h ave re l e as e d th e ir firs t be ta for Ubuntu. Th e fol l ow ing is h ow Lins pire de s cribe s CNR:

H e re are s om e th ings you m ay h e ar on th is m onth s podcas t. If you h ave an ide a or w ant to tak e part th e n e m ailour h os t, M atth e w Ros s i, at podcas t@ ful l circl e m agazine .org

So e s s e ntial l y al lyou ne e d to do is dow nl oad th e cl ie nt, ins tal lit. A button appe ars in your Appl ications > Sys te m Tool s m e nu th at s ays CNR on it. Cl ick on it and it'l lope n Fire fox and point it to w w w .cnr.com , th e n s e arch for your de s ire d s oftw are . Th e n you dow nl oad th e s oftw are , and th e CNR cl ie nt ins tal l s it. Th e re is tal k going around about it (CNR) be ing put into Ubuntu. To s um it up: th e re is a com bination of ope n s ource s oftw are and proprie tary s oftw are , a com bination of th e ide as of Synaptic/Apt and th e de adl y Autom atix. Al lope n s ource and fre e proprie tary s oftw are (s uch as Adobe Re ade r e tc) re m ain fre e . Subs cription to th e CNR Pre m ium Se rvice give s you dis counts on non-fre e s oftw are and oth e r privil e ge s . You can find m ore inform ation about it at h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/8f735b . Th e re is al s o a bas ic fre e m e m be rs h ip th at CNR offe rs , but you don't ne e d a m e m be rs h ip to ins tal l

31

fre e s oftw are from CNR. Now th at I've e xpl aine d w h at CNR is , th e ne xt th ing is h ow to s e t th e th ing up. Th e re are ins tructions at h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/29 2f f4;but be w arne d, th e s oftw are

is s til lin th e be ta s tage s of l ife . For th e articl e , I h ave te s te d th e CNR s oftw are on m y Ubuntu Guts y Gibbon Com pute r. W h e n I ope ne d th e 7M B de b fil e , I h ad 5 de pe nde ncie s th at ne e de d to be ins tal l e d prior to ins tal l ing CNR. O nce it's done , s e l e ct CNR from th e Appl ications > Sys te m Tool s m e nu. A gre e n orb w ith a picture of a m an w il lappe ar in your s tatus bar. To acce s s th e cnr.com s ite , you jus t cl ick on th e gre e n button. As a de m ons tration, I atte m pte d to ins tal lAdobe Re ade r. You cl ick on th e ins tal l button and Fire fox prom pte d m e to dow nl oad a .cnr fil e . I did, but


I h ad no ide a h ow to ins tal lit. Th is is w h at CNR s ays is s uppos e d to h appe n: Advance d us e rs can al s o dow nl oad CNR s oftw are via th e com m and l ine . And th e n I find out th at it onl y s upports Fe is ty Faw n. Go figure . So I try O pe ra, and th e s am e th ing occurs . Now , th e re is a picture of it actual l y w ork ing h e re , s h ow ing w h at it s h oul d do w h e n you cl ick on th e Ins tal lbutton. Th e n I re al is e th at I forgot to l og out and in of Ubuntu. So I do th at and try it again, and O pe ra ins tal l s . Th e conce pt is inte re s ting, al th ough I w oul d m uch rath e r not re q uire to s e arch for s oftw are us ing a w e b page , rath e r th e s e arch capabil itie s be acce s s e d us ing th e cl ie nt. Th e cl ie nt is us e d for m anaging th e apps th at you ins tal lth rough CNR. It runs in th e back ground and it ins tal l s th e s oftw are w h e n you cl ick on th e ins tal lbutton. It al s o al l ow s you to ch oos e one of s ix th e m e s for th e cl ie nt (h ow inte re s ting), ch oos e th e s e rve r th at you w ant to dow nl oad from , and al l ow s you to unins tal l program s .

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Th e conce pt of CNR is inte re s ting, but I do pre dict th at th e re w il lbe a l arge back l as h am ongs t s om e of th e Ubuntu com m unity, and th at is e xpe cte d. H as Ubuntu done th e de alw ith th e de vil ?H ave th e y m ade th e righ t ch oice in bundl ing CNR w ith Ubuntu? Th os e q ue s tions w il lbe ans w e re d in th e cours e of ne xt ye ar.

I give CNR four out of five , al th ough I'm not convince d th at O pe ra is be tte r th an Fire fox...


LETTERS

F

irs t I w ant to th ank you for an e xce l l e nt onl ine m agazine . I h ave be e n fol l ow ing it s ince th e s tart. You are doing an e xce l l e nt job! I h ave be e n an Ubuntu us e r s ince th e re l e as e of 7.04 and I h ave to adm it, I final l y found a dis tribution th at I am h appy w ith . I h ave it ins tal l e d on 3 of our 4 h om e PCs . M y w ife and ch il dre n took to it l ik e it h ad al w ays be e n th e re . In addition, I h ave ins tal l ed th e Ubuntu s e rve r product and a fe w w ork s tations at w ork to s ave on l ice ns ing and oth e r th ings . (Four s e parate h os pital s ) Th e e xpe rie nce h as be e n aw e s om e ! As th e m agazine grow s tow ard m aturity, I w oul dl ik e to s e e a l ittl e s ide col um n be de ve l ope d for th e inte rm e diate crow d. Som e th ing l ik e , h ow it w ork s . M aybe titl e s coul d be :

Eve ry m onth w e l ik e to publ is h s om e of th e e m ail s w e re ce ive . If you w oul dl ik e to s ubm it a l e tte r for publ ication, com pl im e nt or com pl aint, pl e as e e m ailit to: l e tte rs @ ful l circl e m agazine .org. PLEASE NOTE: s om e l e tte rs m ay be e dite d for s pace re as ons .

LETTER OF TH E M ONTH

W rite r of Le tte r of th e M onth w ins tw o m e talUbuntu cas e badge s !

I w ante d to th ank you for th e Scribus tutorials e rie s in Ful lCircl e . I run a s h op in Se cond Life and I de cide d to put toge th e r a catal og for m y s tore . I e nde d up us ing Scribus to put it toge th e r, in no s m al lpart th ank s to your s e rie s . Eve ryone w h o s e e s it l ove s it, and pe opl e can h ardl y be l ie ve th at I've ne ve r cre ate d a catal og, or us e d D TP s oftw are , be fore .

... th ings l ik e th at. It s e e m s th at th e m agazine is ge are d tow ard ne w us e rs to pus h th e ir k now l e dge e nve l ope and th at is w onde rful , but putting s om e inte rm e diate s tuff in th e re w il lpus h th e k now l e dge bas e of th e inte rm e diate us e rs .

A

s a confirm e d Ubuntu us e r from D appe r days , I am am aze d th at any articl es publ is h e d on upgrading al w ays s e e m to e xpe ct th at I w il ldow nl oad th e ne w ve rs ion ove r th e inte rne t. As I

33

I've al re ady de cide d to do anoth e r catal og ne xt m onth , and I l ook forw ard to s e e ing th e ne xt tutorial in Ful lCircl e . I can't w ait to s e e w h at I'l ll e arn ne xt.

us ual l y ge t th e l ate r ve rs ions on CD or D VD I w oul dl ik e to be abl e to us e th at m e dium to do m y upgrade . I h ave Guts y on CD and I did us e : s udo apt-cdrom add to add th e CD to m y s ource s fil e. W h e n I trie d to upgrade , I w as conne cte d to th e inte rne t and ubuntu de cide d to dow nl oad al l 1,050 or m ore upgrade fil e s. Se ve ralh ours l ate r it th e n trie d to appl y th e dow nl oade d upgrade s and k e pt giving m e m e s s age s about th e ne e d to e ith e r k e e p or ignore various


pack age s to w h ich I re pl ie d.

e xpe rie nce and oth e rs h ave be e n dis appointing s o far w ith th e ne w re l e as e of W ubi/Ubuntu. Il ove d us ing it w ith th e e arl ie r re l e as e and am l ook ing forw ard to a s tabl e ve rs ion s oon.

Afte r s e ve ralm ore h ours , th e upgrade w e nt into l im bo and I l e ft it for a fe w m ore h ours in th e h ope th at it w oul d s om e h ow w ak e up and com pl e te . I e ve ntual l y turne d th e m ach ine off and w as s om e w h at s urpris e d to actual l y s e e ve rs ion 7.10 k ick into l ife w h e n I ne xt turne d it on. W h at I w oul dl ik e to s e e is an articl e targe tte d tow ards us e rs w h o w ant to upgrade from th e CD or D VD . It s e e m s th at a diffe re nt m e th od ne e ds to be us e d w ith e ach re l e as e . Is th is corre ct? Al s o, you m igh t l ik e to l ook at 2 program s I found re ce ntl y. Th e y are : w h ich s h ow s ins tal l e d program s w h ich h ave no de pe nde ncie s and w h ich dis pl ays a l is t of ins tal l ed program s w ith th e option of re m oving th e m .

Ed:

F

irs t of al l ,Il ove your m agazine but l ook ing at Is s ue 4, page 2, in th e copyrigh t notice te xt it s ays : " ". Th is is not a URL, it is a h os t nam e , w h ich is onl y a part of a URL. Anoth e r part, for ins tance , is th e protocolnam e . Se e : h ttp://w w w .faq s .org/rfcs /rfc1738.h tm l for de tail s.

Ed:

I

t is a l ittl e m is l e ading to e ntitl e th e articl e us ing th e 7.10 dis tribution of Ubuntu. W ubi/Ubuntu 7.10 is not q uite re ady for prim e tim e . You w oul dn't e ve n gue s s th is from th e articl e until pe rh aps th e e nd w h e re th e al ph a re l e as e s of W ubi are m e ntione d. M y

34

Ed:

I

h ave jus t re ad your Q& A s e ction 7th is s ue of Ful lCircl e M agazine and I h ave s potte d an e rror: in th e q ue s tion about us ing 4 GB of RAM th e ans w e r w as th at you h ave to us e th e 64bit ve rs ion of Ubuntu. Th is is pl ainl y w rong - it is e nough to ins tal lk e rne lw ith PAE s upport (i.e . l inux-im age -VERSIO N-s e rve r pack age ) and boot it.

Ed:


Q& A

Q

W h at is th is Ch ris tm as th ing anyw ay?

A

According to th e w onde rful s ource of inform ation, Uncycl ope dia.org,

. I de cide d I w oul d inve s tigate th is m ore , and found out th at W alM art re ce ntl y unve il e d a $200 PC running Ubuntu w ith th e Enl igh te nm e nt de s k top. H urrah for Ch ris tm as ! h ttp://uncycl ope dia.org/w ik i/Ch ris tm as h ttp://w w w .de s k topl inux.com /ne w s /NS71 14714037.h tm l

Q

If you h ave an Ubuntu re l ate d q ue s tion w h ich ne e ds ans w e ring, e m ailit to us h e re at q ue s tions @ ful l circl e m agazine .org, and w e 'l lpas s th e m to Robe rt for ans w e ring in a future is s ue . Pl e as e incl ude as m uch inform ation as you can about your probl em.

favor of th e m ore popul ar and adorabl e SantaTux. D on't w orry, you'l ls til lge t your pre s e nts !

Q

Are th e re any Ch ris tm as s y Ubuntu gam e s ?

A

H ow about Snow bal l Z ?It's a s im pl e pe nguin-bas e d gam e invol ving th e th row ing s now bal l s and pe nguins . W h at m ore coul d you as k for?Th e Top5 is a s e t of Ubuntu gam e s , m aybe w e coul d jus t us e it h e re ins te ad of dow n be l ow ? h ttp://pack age s .ubuntu.com /s now bal l z

And w h o's th e guy w ith th e big be l l y?

A

You m us t be tal k ing about Santa. Santa re ce ntl y be cam e une m pl oye d in

Q

I've m ade m y de s k top al l Ch ris tm as s y, and w ant to s e e w h at oth e r pe opl e h ave done to th e irs for Ch ris tm as - w h e re can I go?

35

A

Try th e be l ow th re ad on th e Ubuntu Forum s . Fe e l fre e to pos t your th e re , and borrow s om e ide as ! Al s o, ch e ck out Andre w M in's guide to ge aring up your de s k top for th e h ol idays on page 11. h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=628244

Q

W h e re w oul d I find a top 5 l is t of Ch ris tm as Ubuntu apps ?

A

Try th e Ful lCircl e on page 37.


M Y D ESK TO P

Your ch ance to s h ow th e w orl d your de s k top or PC. Em ailyour s cre e ns h ots and ph otos to: m is c@ ful l circl e m agazine .org and incl ude a brie f paragraph about your de s k top, your PC's s pe cs and any oth e r inte re s ting tidbits about your s e tup.

M y com pute r is 3 ye ars ol d. It's a de ce nt com pute r. It h as a Pe ntium 4 3GH z Proce s s or, 512M B RAM , 1x160GB H ard D rive w ith XP Pro and Ubuntu Guts y dual boot (Guts y h as 80GB and XP h as 70GB) w ith a D VD Burne r, an nVidia 7600 GS graph ics card and a w ire l e s s k e yboard and m ous e w h ich e ats th rough far too m any batte rie s . And a Be nQ FP731 17"LCD m onitor. M y w al l pape r is a picture of a h ol iday th at I w e nt to in th e Aus tral ian s um m e r to a tow n cal l e d Inve rl och , in Gipps l and, Victoria. Th e bottom pane lis al m os t trans pare nt, w h e re as th e top pane l is l e s s trans pare nt. I h ave n't done anyth ing s pe ctacul ar to it, jus t adde d icons to th e top pane las ne e de d. I l ove Guts y and w il lcontinue to run it e ve n w h e n I m ak e th e s w itch to a M ac s oon.

M Y D ESK TO P

M

y de s k top s cre e ns h ot, running a conk y s cript, on Gnom e w ith Fus ions GTK2 Th e m e . Th e w al l pape r is a graph ic I found on Gnom e -Look .org. I inve rte d th e col ors w ith Th e GIM P. Curre ntl y, I run an AM D 64 Anth l on 3400+ w ith 512 M B of RAM and a 160 GB H ard D rive .

36


TO P5 CH RISTM A S A PPS

Your m onth l yl is t of Linux gam e s or appl ications from th e de pth s of th e Inte rne t. If you h ave an ide a for a l is t, pl e as e e m ail : m is c@ ful l circl e m agazine .org

Guts y Gibbon (7.10) introduce d a fe ature w h ich al l ow s w e b l ink s w ith 'apt:' to initiate an ins tal l , th is is a ne w fe ature w e are te s ting h e re in th e Top 5 s e ction. Any l ink s w h ich appe ar in re d unde rl ine w il las k you if you w is h to ins tal lth at pack age . D o l e t us k now if you l ik e or dis l ik e th is fe ature .

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .froze n-bubbl e .org/

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .e xtre m e tuxrace r.com /

O n th e s urface , Froze n Bubbl e l ook s l ik e a rath e r s im pl e gam e . Th e obje ct is to s h oot l ittl e bal l s at oth e r l ittl e bal l s of th e s am e col or. Sim pl e , righ t?Th at's w h at I th ough t, but w h at s tarte d out as re s e arch for th is articl e turne d into a bal ls h ooting fre nzy th at l as te d for l onge r th an I'd care to s ay. It is s ufficie nt to s tate th at th is gam e is h ours of fun. D is cl aim e r: If you are fire d for pl aying Froze n Bubbl e during th at im portant m e e ting, I am not to bl am e .

Extre m e Tux Race r is anoth e r e xtre m e l y h ard and e xtre m e l y addicting gam e . Lik e Froze n Bubbl e, th e pre m is e s e e m s abs urdl y e as y: race dow n a h il lcol l e cting h e rring. H ow e ve r, you ne e d to ge t e ve ry s ingl e h e rring to w in. O h , one m ore th ing: you can't go back w ards ! And don't forge t about th e sl ippe ry ice , th e tre e s , th e jum ps , or th e tim e l im it. Extre m e Tux Race r h as n't ye t m ade it into th e re pos itorie s . Luck il y, you can dow nl oad a .de b cre ate d by a us e r nam e d H am is h . You can al s o ins tal lan ol de r ve rs ion k now n as Pl ane t Pe nguin Race r us ing th e pack age pl ane tpe nguin-race r in th e unive rs e re pos itory.

To ins tal lFroze n Bubbl e , grab th e froze n-bubbl e pack age in th e unive rs e re pos itory. You can al s o run an onl ine Java appl e t at: h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/df9 687

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H om e page : h ttp://s upe rtux.l e th argik .org/

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .joe y101.ne t/s now bal l z/

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .e urone t.nl /~ rja/Xs now

Eve ryone 's pl aye d th e cl as s ic pl atform gam e Supe r M ario. Eve n if it is cl os e d-s ource , com m e rcial , and Ninte ndo-l ice ns e d pl atform s onl y, it's a ton of fun. But s om e of us don't ow n Ninte ndo m ach ine s . In th is aw e s om e gam e Tux re pl ace s th e pl um be r, th e al m os tas -l ovabl e pe nguin, Pe nny, re pl ace s Prince s s Pe ach , and th e e ne m ie s are re pl ace d by w al k ing s now bal l s , ice bl ock s , ch e rry bom bs , and fl ying s now bal l s.

If you're tire d of pl aying m indl e ss arcade gam e s , try Snow bal l z. It's a uniq ue re al -tim e s trate gy gam e invol ving... pe nguins and s now bal l s. In th e gam e you controltw o type s of pe nguins : w ork e rs and s now bal l e rs . Your w ork e rs gath e r fis h to fe e d your col ony and your s now bal l e rs invade oth e r pe nguins ' igl oos . But w h e n you invade oth e r pe nguins ' igl oos , e ne m y s now bal l e rs com e out and figh t back . Snow bal l z al s o incl ude s a fun LAN m ode , s o you can pe l t your bos s frie nds w ith s now bal l s . To s tart pl aying th is gre at gam e , ins tal lth e s now bal l z pack age in th e unive rs e re pos itorie s .

Xs now w il ls e nd s h ow e rs of s now dow n your de s k top, l anding grace ful l y on your w indow s or tas k bar. You'l lal s o notice th at th e s now w il lcove r your icons (you can "w ipe "th e m w ith your curs or and th e y'l lcom e righ t back ). And if you're l uck y, you m igh t s pot Santa fl ying by.

To ge t Supe r Tux, jus t dow nl oad and ins tal lth e s upe rtux pack age in th e unive rs e re pos itory.

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To ge t Xs now , dow nl oad th e xs now pack age from th e m ul tive rs e re pos itory. If you us e Kubuntu, m ak e s ure you e nabl e "Support Program s in D e s k top W indow "in Sys te m Se ttings > D e s k top > Be h avior (Ubuntu w il l w ork out of th e box).


H O W TO CO NTRIBUTE W e are al w ays l ook ing for ne w articl e s to incl ude in Ful lCircl e . For articl e guide l ine s , ide as , and for is s ue trans l ation, pl e as e s e e our w ik i: h ttp://w ik i.ubuntu.com /UbuntuM agazine Pl e as e e m ailyour articl e s to: articl e s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org

If you w oul dl ik e to s ubm it ne w s , e m ailit to: ne w s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Se nd your com m e nts or Linux e xpe rie nce s to: l e tte rs @ ful l circl e m agazine .org H ardw are /s oftw are re vie w s s h oul d be s e nt to: re vie w s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Que s tions for future inte rvie w s s h oul d go to: q ue s tions @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Lis ts and de s k top/PC ph otos s h oul d be e m ail e d to: m is c@ ful l circl e m agazine .org If you h ave q ue s tions , you can vis it our forum : w w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org

Sunday 13th January 2008.

Ful lCircl e Te am - Ronnie Tuck e r ronnie @ ful l circl e m agazine .org - Rob Ke rfia adm in@ ful l circl e m agazine .org

H AVE YOUR SAY If you w ant to h ave your s ay in h ow Ful lCircl e de ve l ops , pl e as e atte nd our m onth l y IRC m e e ting. You can find our ne xt age nda at: h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/f2ba08 W e w ant th e input of you, th e re ade r, to h e l p us m ak e de cis ions th at affe ct th e m agazine . Ne xt ge ne ral , al lw e l com e , m e e ting: M e e tings tak e pl ace in th e IRC ch anne l , w h ich is on th e irc.fre e node .ne t s e rve r. O r you can us e our w e bIRC page w h ich is at h ttp://irc.ful l circl e m agazine .org and it w il lal l ow you to inte ract w ith our IRC ch anne lfrom w ith in your w e b brow s e r.

Friday 25th January 2008.

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- Robe rt Cl ips h am m rm onday@ ful l circl e m agazine .org - M atth e w Ros s i podcas t@ ful l circl e m agazine .org Sam ue lBarre tt Robe rt Cl ips h am D anie lCoh e n Ph il ipp H รถh n Andre w M in Vid Aye r Nicol a Cappe l l ini Ryan H artl age D avid M aino Andre w M in Jam e s Savage

Jonny D ove r M atth e w H ol de r Rich ard M il l s Al e x Rus s e l l Jam e s W il l iam s

And our th ank s go out to , th e and th e m any trans l ation te am s around th e w orl d.


Full Circle Magazine - Issue #08