Monday, Oct. 30, 2017
Fresno State’s Award-Winning Newspaper
Professor awaited Kennedy files By Jessica Johnson @iamjesslj
Cecil Stoughton • Wikimeida Commons
Any time government documents are declassified, it’s a fun day, said Fresno State history professor and scholar Dr. Lori Clune. Fifty-four years after John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Nov. 22, 1963, more than 2,800 files relating to the assassina-
tion have been made public. Clune, professor of modern American history and a Cold War historian, said Kennedy’s assassination has always intrigued her. When Kennedy was killed, Clune said she was just a baby. Her mother, she said, was a big Kennedy supporter while her father was a conservative voter. After Oliver Stone’s movie, “JFK,” was released, there was an interest from the
public for more information on the assassination to be released. The documents are housed in the National Archives and Records Administration Building II at College Park in Maryland, where, Clune said, she has spent a decent amount of time. “They have a separate section, and a separate archivist just for the Kennedy assassination,” she said. “Everytime I go, I
See NATIONAL ARCHIVES, Page 3
There would be a strange sound and then you’d look around and there would be nobody within sight.
Hair-raising paranormal activity on campus By Jessica Johnson
rom rumors of an unsolved murder of a student found across campus at Shakey’s Pizza, now known as Dog House Grill, to a professor guilty of killing a man with a chainsaw, there is no doubt Fresno State has links to spooky stories. And as Halloween approaches, students shared their own reports with The Collegian of hair-raising experiences of what they believe have been paranormal activities – on campus. Dan Waterhouse, who got his bachelor’s degree in business administration in 1978 but returned to Fresno State in 1986 to study in the city and regional planning program, said he has experienced paranormal-like activity during his time on campus. One time, he said, he experienced a spook in the previous version of the Henry Madden Library. That portion of the building was torn down when the library was demolished and a new version made its debut in 2009. Two levels of the previous library were always filled with dimly-lit aisles among book shelves, he said. During his time as a student in the ‘80s and ‘90s, Waterhouse said, he would study at a desk near the shelves and would often sense someone was watching him. “There would be a strange sound and then you’d look around, and there would be nobody within sight,” he said. Nobody was around when he stood up to search around. This happened during the day and night. Waterhouse said he is not entirely convinced he believes in the paranormal. He said he doesn’t believe it happens as much as students may say it does. “I’ve heard stories about some hauntings around campus, like supposedly
- Dan Waterhouse
See PARANORMAL, Page 6 Photo illustration by Daniel Avalos/The Collegian
GOT OPINIONS? We want to hear them. COLLEGIAN-OPINION@CSUFRESNO.EDU MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
Don’t let yourself get lost in the shuffle Managing end-of-semester stress
By Amber Carpenter | @shutupambs
With only a handful of weeks until the end of the semester, the final stretch of stress is real. At the beginning of every school year, it’s hard not to be optimistic. Campus is full of excitement, and there are new experiences everywhere. But that excitement eventually fades away, and all we are left with as students is stress and the fact that there is no choice but to carry on with the promise that there is a light at the end of the tunnel. Because our student population on campus is so diverse, there are so many different kinds of student journeys – some students are parents; some students work while going to school; and others are living far from home and balancing adapting to a new place of living all while trying to
stay afloat grade wise. Balancing school is tough, and there are factors that go into doing well in school and managing life, while also prioritizing physical and mental wellness. Being knowledgeable of your needs and aware of what brings positive energy to your life is key to finding a school, work and life balance that’s most functional for you. Sometimes the biggest struggle to overcome in school-related stress is processing your own expectations and managing them to fit your lifestyle – your course load, your job or amount of time socializing are things that all come into play here. We tend to look at each other as competition when it comes to environments like school or work, but sometimes the highest expectations we have to manage are within ourselves. By managing our own expectations of ourselves, we save pain and disappointment when things don’t work out the way we want them to, whether that’s because of choices that we’ve made or because sometimes life doesn’t always play out the way we plan. Some of those expectations
"We tend to look at each other as competition when it comes to environments like school or work, but sometimes the highest expectations we have to manage are within ourselves." might be as basic as not studying as much as you would like to in a week, or not having a paper done by the time you would have liked to. However, some of the expectations are on a larger scale, like taking exactly four years to get through college or having a “real job” by age 24. These are all things that come in due time. There is no time limit on success or a dream. When we learn to manage those expectations, we learn enough about ourselves to create an understanding of what we can or can’t handle at any given time. Taking pressure off yourself can manifest itself in different ways. There are traditional ways of self-care that include taking a night off and watching TV or tak-
ing a bubble bath with your favorite Lush bath bomb, but every person has his or her own version of self-care. Whatever you choose to do for self-care depends on preference, but true self-care comes from doing things that feed your soul. By doing what you love and finding an outlet that way, it becomes easier to manage stress that could make anyone feel like the sky is falling. That outlet can be anything, but making sure that you have an outlet is key. Part of finding that outlet could be finding friends in different communities that feed your soul the same way your methods of self-care do. Creating and cultivating friendships with people
you can talk to about anything without fear of judgment make things like all-nighters a lighter burden. College is not the first or last time anyone will be asked to make hard decisions and reprioritizing things in life, but it may be the first time you have to be conscious of it. Take some time to figure out what you need and how to take care of yourself. It may seem like a large investment of time and energy, but there is no doubt that it is worth it.
COMMENT: The Collegian is a forum for student expression. fresnostate.edu/collegian
Jordan Bradley • The Collegian
THE COLLEGIAN The Collegian is a student-run publication that serves the Fresno State community. Views expressed in The Collegian do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff or university. collegian.csufresno.edu
The Collegian California State University, Fresno 5201 N. Maple Ave., M/S SA42 Fresno, CA 93740-8027 News Line: (559) 278-5732 Business Line: (559) 278-5735 Advertising Line: (559) 278-8179
Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor News Editor Assistant News Editor Opinion Editor Arts & Entertainment Editor Sports Editor Assistant Sports Editor Photo Editor Assistant Photo Editor Staff Photographer Staff Photographer Layout Designer
Cresencio Rodriguez-Delgado Copy Editor Chueyee Yang Staff Writer Jessica Johnson Staff Writer Razmik Cañas Staff Writer Amber Carpenter Staff Writer Selina Falcon Staff Writer Daniel Gligich Staff Writer Vanessa Romo Staff Writer Daniel Avalos Staff Writer Megan Trindad Social Media Director Benjamin Cruz Social Media Reporter Alejandro Soto Cartoonist Juan Alvarez General Sales Manager
Álvaro Lozano William Ramirez Francisco J. De Leon Alonso Eric Zamora Michael Ford Nugesse Ghebrendrias Mathew Roby Victoria Cisneros Blanca Ramos Hayley Salazar Alexandra Harrell Jordan Bradley C’anna Rix
National Sales Manager Special Projects Manager Special Projects Manager Art Director Assistant Art Director Accountancy Assistant General Manager Financial Manager Advertising Faculty Adviser Editorial Faculty Adviser MCJ Department Chair
Alex Maldonado Kyle Myers Stefani Povolac Casey Supple Kong Thao Abdallah Abdelhamid Rich Marshall Cheryl Carlson Jan Edwards George Hostetter Dr. Katherine Adams
Each member of the campus community is permitted one copy of The Collegian. Subscriptions are available for $25, on a semester basis. Staff positions at The Collegian are open to students of all majors. All content Copyright © 2017 The Collegian. Letters to the Editor (email@example.com): All letters submitted to The Collegian should be between 250-500 words in length, must be type-written, and must be accompanied by a full name and phone number to verify content. The Collegian reserves the right to edit all material for length, content, spelling and grammar, as well as the right to refuse publication of any material submitted. All material submitted to The Collegian becomes property of The Collegian. The Collegian carries four different ethnic supplements inserted several times throughout each semester into its print publication. Each supplement is produced by its own staff and advisers and is separate from The Collegian. The news stories or opinions in the supplements do not reflect those of The Collegian.
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
THE COLLEGIAN • NEWS
Sale funds Puerto Rico relief By Jessica Johnson @iamjesslj
Students and staff of the College of Social Sciences held a book sale last Friday to raise money for victims of Hurricane Irene, which left millions in Puerto Rico without food, water, electricity and shelter. Dr. Maritere López, associate professor of early modern history who is a native of Puerto Rico, said although her immediate family lives in the continental U.S. she still has some family living in Puerto Rico. That fact alone, she said, immediately made her a proponent of the book sale when it was proposed by her colleague, modern history professor Dr. Lori Clune. Clune said on Saturday that the sale raised a total of $2,340.32. — $586 in book sales and $584.16 in donations. She said an anonymous donor matched the amount raised. “The book sale was a
huge success,” she said. Callie Johnston, a history major, said she wanted to volunteer her time at the book sale because she feels the disaster in Puerto Rico is not getting the attention it deserves. “They need a lot more help than they are getting considering they are U.S. citizens,” Johnston said. She said people responded really well to the book sale. When Puerto Rico was mentioned, Johnston said people were immediately interested in buying books and donating more than the cost of their book haul. By 2 p.m., three hours before the sale ended, López said hundreds of dollars had been raised. When books were purchased, López said oftentimes the buyers would donate the change. López said before the sale began at 10 a.m., they had already raised hundreds of dollars from donors in the community. The pricing of the books was $1 for paperback and $2 for hardback books.
The funds raised will be given to the Hispanic Federation. López said she and Clune researched the federation’s history and found it to have a long-standing credible history in being fiscally responsible. She said about 90 percent of what is given to the federation is donated directly to those in need. López said the current condition of her homeland and how U.S. President Donald Trump and his administration have handled the outreach to help with resources has been concerning. “I think the slowness of the response has been both heart-wrenching and infuriating,” López said. “But you know what has been incredibly heartening, is people, not the institutions, but people, have been incredibly responsive.” She said she is moved by not only the aid of people in the continental U.S., but by Puerto Ricans helping fellow Puerto Ricans. “It makes one think, ‘Yeah, we’re going to be OK,’” López said.
New dean named Dr. Michelle DenBeste was named the dean of the College of Social Sciences at Fresno State on Thursday after serving two years on an interim basis. During those two years, the college launched a new geography and city and regional planning program; a more expansive American Indian studies program; an Institute for Leadership and Public Policy; and revived the Fresno State Gospel Choir, according to a university news release. Last semester, DenBeste helped welcome the newly reconstructed social sciences quad. Fresno State Provost Lynnette Zelezny offered a statement on the DenBeste’s appointment: “She’s a strong leader who will build a vibrant vision with the faculty, staff and students of the college to leverage its pride points.” DenBeste previously taught history courses at the university until she became interim dean in 2015.
Natural gas leak fixed
An underground gas leak discovered near McLane Hall has been fixed, according to university officials. Vice President for Administration Debbie Adishian-Astone said Sunday night that the leak was fixed but did not say what caused it. All buildings will operate as usual on Monday, she said. The leak was discovered last Thursday in a grassy area west of McLane Hall. Natural gas was shut off to several buildings for safety. A staff email from the university said the leak required installation of an isolation valve. Natural gas was shut off to the Thomas Administration, Conley Art, Smittcamp Alumni House, University High School, Kremen Education, Student Recreation Center and Save Mart Center buildings but was restored the same day, the university email said. Gas services were also shut off for the Engineering West, McLane Hall, University Student Union, Madden Library, South Gym , North Gym, North Gym Annex and the Aquatics Center. Dining services were not available to students on Friday, but are expected to resume Monday.
Research funds gifted Wikimedia Commons
Documents shed light on goverment actions NATIONAL ARCHIVES from Page 1 think ‘I should totally research this.’” Congress passed the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act in 1992, which stated that after 25 years all assassination records must be disclosed. Those 25 years were up on Oct. 27 of this year. But the president has the ability to block the release of records if they pose a threat to intelligence operations, military defense, law enforcement or the conduction of foreign relations. And also if an identifiable harm outweighs the public’s interest in disclosure of the files. Clune thinks more transparency is better. “I personally think that in a democracy, more openness to information is good. Is it all pretty? No. Some of it’s not,” she said. “But you know what? Some of our past is
not pretty.” Clune said she found herself on the national archives website at midnight on Oct. 27 waiting for thousands of files to be released. “It would be about 3,000 documents no one has ever seen before, and between 30,000 and 40,000 documents that had been seen in pieces, but had been redacted,” Clune said. However, the unredacted files were not released. She said the Trump administration claims the documents will be out by April of next year. Clune said it is hard to know why the files weren’t released. But, she thinks a few government agencies may feel a bit embarrassed by the documents. “It’s important to shine light on some of these things,” she said of documents that disclose CIA “covert” operations. “Those
can highlight how American tax dollars are being spent.” Clune said she believes both the CIA and the FBI have concerns about releasing the Kennedy assassination documents because the agencies may not look good according to the files. “What it really comes down to [is] did they actually know that [Lee Harvey Oswald] was a threat to the life of the president and did they not effectively address that threat?” Clune said. Clune said when previously confidential documents are made public, it sheds light on parts of American history that were unknown, but may help in understanding history. “I think anytime you open up documents like this, you are sharing a piece of our government’s actions, and I think that’s a good thing,” she said.
By Fresno State News A $1 million gift from a donor who wishes to remain anonymous will fund two areas at Fresno State: student research in genetics and molecular biology and The President’s Circle for Excellence, University President Joseph I. Castro announced. With several community dignitaries and faculty present in the courtyard of the University’s Science II Building, the president also formally introduced the new dean of the College of Science and Mathematics, Dr. Christopher Meyer, who began his new role July 20. Castro said that $500,000 of the gift will fund undergraduate, team-based research in biology or chemistry that features experiences for students in genetics and molecular biology in the college. The other half of the donation is for The President’s Circle for Excellence, an existing fund maintained by the Fresno State Foundation for private gifts to be distributed at the discretion of the University president to meet smaller program needs on campus.
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
Fresno celebrates 20 years of ‘Selena’
Moctesuma Esparza, producer of the movie ‘Selena,’ speaks during a reception held at Campus Pointe near Maya Cinemas on Oct. 25, 2017.
By Selina Falcon @SelinaFalcon
tudents and faculty honored award-winning producer Moctesuma Esparza last Wednesday at Campus Pointe during the 20th anniversary of his film “Selena.” The event was not only a celebration of Esparza and “Selena,” but a fundraiser for Fresno State students who have Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), a program that provides a two-year deportation deferment and the opportunity to apply for a work per-
mit, mostly for youth who came to the United States as children. Yvette Angeles, donor relations and events coordinator for the Office of Advancement Services, said Esparza is very passionate about DACA students, “Dreamers” and the Central San Joaquin Valley, so he wanted to do something for the community. “We had this idea of celebrating the 20th anniversary of the ‘Selena’ film and bringing him to campus and having some interaction with some students, some faculty and some staff, and, of course, our cabinet members at the vice president level,” Angeles said. “And then we
thought, let’s make this a fundraiser to support DACA students.” She added that the event would also be used as an education piece for DACA to let community members know the many benefits of the program, as there can be confusion about what it exactly is. The event started early in the morning with a breakfast between Associated Students, Inc. members and a few undocumented students, known commonly as Dreamers. Then a discussion and Q&A session with Esparza was held in North Gym Room 118. The discussion and Q&A was moderated by women’s studies
Alejandro Soto • The Collegian
Janie Gonzalez performed as Selena Quintanilla at The Square at Campus Pointe during ‘Selena Night’ on Oct. 25, 2017. She gave tribute to Selena’s 1995 Houston Astrodome concert.
professor Dr. Larissa Mercado-Lopez. Esparza talked about his life; how he figured out that he wanted to be a producer; the presence of Latinos in Hollywood; and how he came to work on “Selena.” The day wrapped up with “Selena Night” at The Square at Campus Pointe and a private reception for paid participants of the 20th anniversary event. “Selena Night” kicked off with Fresno State’s Aztec Dance Club, which was there to bless the event. Following the Aztec dancers was a performance by the Fresno State Mariachi Band. Watching the performance together were English major Jacqueline Villegas and liberal studies major Erika Wollenman. “We saw that ‘Selena’ was going to be playing, and I wanted to see all the [activities going on] out here too,” Wollenman said. Other activities included a DJ,
Alejandro Soto • The Collegian
a meet and greet with boxer Jose Ramirez, a Selena cover band, and a Selena look-a-like contest. The private reception for attendees began at 5:30 p.m. With the purchase of a $60 reservation, participants got access to the private reception that Esparza attended, admission to a screening of “Selena,” and movie treats. Dressed like Selena in a black, rhinestone-covered bustier, a black, Baker Boy rhinestone-covered hat and black high-waisted pants was Rosalina Nunez of Fresno. She attended with her friend. “I loved Selena growing up,” she said. “I was in high school, and I had all of her CDs, I knew all of her songs. I loved the way she danced. She was just so beautiful, and it was just [amazing seeing] this Latina coming to stardom.”
See CAMPUS POINTE, Page 5
THE COLLEGIAN • A&E
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
All he needed to do was get an education CAMPUS POINTE from Page 4 Nunez won the Selena look-alike contest later that night. Also attending the reception were Esparza, Fresno State President Dr. Joseph Castro, his wife Mary Castro, various sponsors and local government officials who were there to honor Esparza. Esparza received certificates of recognition from Mexican consul David Preciado Juarez, and from Sandra Garcia, a representative of congressman Jim Costa. Esparza also received a proclamation presented by city councilmen Luis Chavez and Paul Caprioglio, proclaiming Oct. 25 as Moctesuma Esparza Day in the city of Fresno. Castro thanked audience members for supporting Fresno State students, especially the “Dreamers.” He then spoke about Esparza’s contributions to the community and “Selena.”
“It’s hard to believe that it’s been 20 years since [‘Selena’] came out, that does make me feel a little old,” Castro said. “But I think the film still resonates in so many ways, and that’s a testament to the phenomenal work of [Esparza] and his ability to draw moviegoers into the heart of [his] films.” Castro introduced Fresno State music student graduate Alejandra Tejeda, who performed a cover of “Por Un Amor” for Esparza. Esparza, who owns Maya Cinemas, thanked everyone in attendance before giving a brief speech in which he talked about fulfilling one of his dreams of bringing quality movie theaters to communities. “We [Maya Cinemas] are here so that you can enjoy yourselves, so that you can have a couple of hours and be a part of a dream — the dreams that movies create,” he said. “The dreams that transport you, that allow you to think beyond who you are today.” He said what brought him joy
Selina Falcon • The Collegian
Women’s Studies professor Dr. Larissa Mercado-Lopez (left) moderates a discussion and Q&A with award-winning producer Moctesuma Esparza (right) on Wednesday, as part of a day-long celebration of the 20th anniversary of his film “Selena.”
as a child was when he would go with his father to see movies, and he would be “transported to another world.” He said his father would tell him that all those worlds were available, all he needed to do was get an education. “And with that education, and my commitment, and my work, I am standing here,” Esparza said. The evening concluded with a special screening of “Selena” at Maya Cinemas.
‘Native Son’ is ‘disorienting, but purposefully so’ By Eric Zamora @TheCollegian
Alejandro Soto • The Collegian
The Fresno State Mariachi Band performs at ‘Selena Night’ in front of Maya Cinemas at The Square at Campus Pointe on Oct. 25, 2017. Alejandra Tejeda (center) later performed for Moctesuma Esparza, producer of the movie ‘Selena.’
EL DORADO PARK’S ANNUAL
CARNIVAL 10.31.17 4 P.M.-6 P.M. WESLEY UNITED METHODIST CHURCH 1343 E BARSTOW AVE., FRESNO, CA 93710
TRUNK DECORATING CONTEST BEST TRUNK WINS $200 DONATION TO CHARITY OF CHOICE TO REGISTER VEHICLE, CONTACT Erica Hernandez at 559.761.4112 or firstname.lastname@example.org FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT EVENT OR VOLUNTEERING, CALL 559.278.7703
Fresno State’s University Theatre premiered “Native Son” last Friday in the Dennis & Cheryl Woods Theatre to a full audience eager to get immersed in Chicago’s cold winter of 1939. The play is an adaptation of the novel by African-American author Richard Wright, published in 1940. Audiences delve into the mind of Bigger, a 20-year-old African-American man, and follow him and the decisions he makes after he lands a job with a wealthy family. Adapted by actor/playwright Nambi E. Kelley, the play takes a different approach to the sequence of the story. While it does focus on two days in Bigger’s life, it does so in a nonlinear order, unlike the novel which is chronological. This technique is used to draw parallels between events that occur throughout the play. The interchanging scenes move quickly, not giving the viewer time for resolution of what just occurred. It is disorienting, but purposefully so. Life itself is disorienting, and that is especially the case for a young, poor, African-American man being forced to deal with the multiple pressures surrounding him in the 1930s. In an interview with the Marin Theatre Company, Kelley described the different approach she took in this adaptation and said that “Richard Wright wanted people to say, ‘Look at this monster, you created him.’ My task was to get inside [Bigger]. He is
not a monster, he is a man.” Tension regarding race, and specifically the dehumanization of Bigger, is one of the key themes of the work. Josh Slack and Jalen Stewart, in the roles of Bigger and The Black Rat (Bigger’s inner thoughts), work together brilliantly to give nuance to Bigger’s actions and encourage the audience to empathize with the character. This production of Kelley’s adaptation comes at a time of racial tension in the U.S. Parallels can be drawn between the portrayal of Bigger trying to navigate the cycle of poverty and violence that he has been brought up in. That issue continues to this day for many young, black Americans. The same parallels can be made for characters like Mary and Mrs. Dalton, played by Teya Juarez and Emily Kearn respectively, and non-black Americans who seem to be well-meaning but only torment Bigger even more due to their own ignorance. While the storyline encourages audiences to ponder the many topics featured in the play, one issue is its length. At times, scenes feel dragged out, especially at the end. The production ended up running for half an hour longer than expected, but that doesn’t detract from the story. This is a challenging work, but it is a necessary work. The issue of racism is still present in the U.S. and hopefully theater productions like this will bring change. “Native Son” is showing Oct. 31 to Nov. 4 at 7:30 p.m. and Oct. 29 at 2 p.m., at the Dennis & Cheryl Woods Theatre. Tickets can be purchased by going to fresnostate.edu/theatrearts or by contacting the box office at 559278-2216.
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
Fact checking urged during panel on ‘fake news’ By Christian Mattos @ChrisssyMattos
With President Donald Trump popularizing the term “fake news,” the issue of error, lies and bias in the media has sparked a heated conversation about media literacy. A panel discussion, “Fake News, Alternative Facts and Media Bias,” presented by Friends of the Madden Library, was held last Friday for students and members of the community. Fresno State media, communications and journalism professor Faith Sidlow moderated the event that featured three media professionals from the Valley – journalist Lloyd Carter, The Fresno Bee’s executive editor Jim Boren and radio personality John Gerardi. “There’s a difference, I think, between fake news and false news. False news can be inadvertently spread,” Carter said. “Fake denotes that you’re deliberately trying to deceive whoever your target audience is.” Boren said The Fresno Bee offers the “Letters to the Editor” section and the comment section online to allow readers to provide feedback on content they disagree with. “We want to give our readers a sense of community by covering a cross section of interests,” Boren said. “You may not like it, but the stories have not been made up and they aren’t fake.” Carter and Gerardi discussed the impact Trump has had on reshaping the debate of “fake news” and media bias. “[Trump] took this term ‘fake news’ and applied it to something that voices on the right have been complaining about for about 30 or 40 years, which is the fact that many on the right believe much of the mainstream media has a bias in favor of liberalism,” Gerardi said. One audience member asked if political commentators like Milo Yiannopoulus and Ben Shapiro would be classified as journal-
Daniel Avalos • The Collegian
Journalist Lloyd Carter, The Fresno Bee’s executive editor Jim Boren and radio personality John Gerardi answer people’s questions about fake news in the Henry Madden Library on Oct. 27, 2017.
ists in the opinion of professionals. Gerardi, who said he does not identify as a journalist, said that Yiannopoulus and Shapiro are people advancing as opinion makers and opinion givers. “I wouldn’t consider them journalists in any sense of the word, although there is more and more with cable news, you see a blending of the roles between journalist and analyst and opinion giver,” Gerardi said. “Sometimes, I think that blending of roles can lead to accusations of bias in media pretty often.” Boren noted that many of the commen-
tators on television are not journalists, but rather partisans who can still affect people’s opinion of the media, including newspapers. “You folks on both the left and the right lump us together with cable news, and we are not the same,” Boren said. “We are the ones debunking the cable news.” Carter said that while newspapers are made up of facts, anyone can challenge or dispute the information. He said Trump, however, never points out factual errors but rather denies the story altogether. “Most of the time he just uses the phrase
‘fake news,’ and it’s become meaningless in terms of American traditional media,” Carter said. As far as the cause of “fake news,” the panelists cited money and the division of society as the cause and effect. Boren said that in the past, liberals and conservatives would have clashing ideals but still managed to socialize civilly. “Now, if you don’t agree with somebody, you have to hate them,” he said. “It just splits the country apart, and I long for the time that we can get back together and disagree agreeably.” Carter said that the progression of technology, the internet and other information sources throughout his lifetime have opened up the world to an “avalanche” of information. “A lot of [information] is inaccurate. So to protect yourself if you’re serious about a subject, you need to start going to some of these fact-checking websites and get some opinions,” Carter said. Some fact-checking websites he mentioned include snopes.com, pewresearch. org and factcheck.org. Sidlow also suggested Blue Feed, Red Feed through the Wall Street Journal and allsides.com as fact-checking resources. Gerardi said although “fake news” is a big problem, as a millennial, he doesn’t find it as problematic as it seems. “I think maybe it’s just because I’ve grown up in the internet age and maybe I’ve developed a lens through which to view this,” he said. “But I think most adults are able, in many cases, to discern truth from fact.” For the full story, visit collegian.csufresno.edu.
COMMENT: The Collegian is a forum for student expression. fresnostate.edu/collegian
Student skips class after ASI to sponsor spooky experience student BRIEF
PARANORMAL from Page 1
there is a ghost over at the dorms,” Waterhouse said. He claims the latest haunt, while not in recent years, is due to a student who reportedly committed suicide in the dorms in the ‘90s. Another haunting experience Waterhouse has heard of is about a faculty member who died of a sudden heart attack around the ‘70s or ‘80s while teaching class in the Grosse Industrial Technology Building. Might that reported death have caused a haunting of a campus building? “Supposedly, he’s still around,” Waterhouse said. “A couple people have mentioned to me that they still feel strange vibrations over there.” Waterhouse is not the only person on campus who has heard the rumors of ghosts or paranormal incidents. More than two dozens students responded to a Collegian question on the Fresno State Book Trade & Advice Facebook page, which asked if they have experienced or heard of paranormal activity on campus. Mindy Xiong, a pre-child development major, commented that when she was in the women’s restroom on the third floor of the Family Food and Science Building, she heard footsteps make their way into the stall next to hers after the restroom door opened. “Then I heard the person lock their door,” she said. “I didn’t think too much because I
thought it was another student but then afterward, I came out, washed [and] dried my hands and took my time fixing my hair since I had a while before my next class.” It only took her a few seconds to realize she had been alone the entire time. “It was completely quiet,” Xiong remembered. She knelt to tie her shoes and peek into the stalls to reassure herself that she was the only one in the restroom. Xiong looked through the gaps of the stalls and didn’t see anyone else. She said she ran out of the restroom as fast as she could and even skipped her class. Two female students replied to her comment saying they too had a similar experience in that restroom. Frightening experiences in women’s restrooms was a recurring topic after Xiong’s comment – or perhaps the men didn’t want to share. Shong Enilorac, a public health administration major, said she was in the women’s restroom of the Engineering West Building with her earphones plugged in but the audio volume was low enough to hear two women talking as they walked in. “I was like ‘Thank god I’m not the only one in here,’” she said. “I felt the vibration of the next two stalls on the left of me close. As I got out, I washed my [hands] and for some reason it got quiet.” Enilorac said she looked under the stalls and no one was there. “I power walked out.
Never ever used that restroom again,” she said. In the Henry Madden Library, Sammy Vang, culinology major, said she was in the women’s restroom on the third floor when she also was certain she saw someone go into a stall. “I looked under the stalls to see if there was anyone else in there but there was no one,” Vang said. Waterhouse, who has been a regular on campus for more than 40 years, said he has noticed that the campus may be filled with wild or spooky stories. However, all suspected paranormal activity may not be so spooky as it is lighthearted. Alex Bonilla, a former Fresno State student, said when he was at the library he turned his back and his candy was gone. He said, “most likely someone stole it but still creepy.” His comment on the post garnered 15 reactions, a majority of them laughing emojis. Waterhouse claims that campus police have discovered bodies on campus at different times over the years – some of homeless people and some of members of the campus community. When that happens, he said, “stories get going” and they become a part of Fresno State’s scary history. The Fresno State Police Department could not comment on reports of deaths on campus by deadline.
A deal was reached on Oct. 18 after the Associated Students, Inc. Senate voted to partly fund the production of a future Fresno State student webcast. KFSR Station Manager Julie Logan, who is the lead faculty member behind the project, expressed her gratitude for ASI’s agreement to fund the webcast, calling it the “perfect partnership.” She said, “They share the vision for how the webcast can serve all students at Fresno State.” The vote passed with an objection from Senator of Greek Affairs Travis Childress and an abstention vote by Senator of Athletics and Recreation Casandra Ramirez-Sanchez. During the ASI meeting, Logan specified that the webcast operations will be located within the existing KFSR studio in the Speech Arts building. But she later clarified that KFSR has no relation with the future webcast aside from the shared space. Logan said she looks forward to meeting fundraising goals and moving forward with the studio reconstruction, which is an ongoing project. “We’re one step closer to making this exciting opportunity a reality for Fresno State students,” she said.
THE COLLEGIAN • SPORTS
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
Calling all Veterans and Family Members of Veterans…
Would you buy a Derek Carr bobblehead? It’s out now By Daniel Gligich @danielgligich
Veterans to Law School ~ A free forum ~
Thursday, November 9 | 7:00-9:00pm Clovis veteraNs MeMorial DistriCt 808 Fourth street, Clovis, Ca 93612
if you are a veteran, spouse or child of a veteran, and interested in a career in law, come learn how your military experience translates into a legal education at san Joaquin College of law. Panelists
Hon. Brian Alvarez, Class of 1995 Superior Court of California fresno County US Air Force
Raed J. Nijmeddin, Class of 2004 dept. of Child Support Services fresno County USMC
David Lange, Class of 2011 family Law, Visalia US Air Force
Vaughan Rios, Student Spouse of uS army Veteran
SJCL admitS StudentS of any raCe, CoLor, and nationaL or ethniC origin.
www.sjcl.edu • (559) 323-2100
The National Bobblehead Hall of Fame and Museum unveiled a limited edition bobblehead of Derek Carr in his Fresno State uniform last Thursday. Phil Sklar, co-founder and CEO of the museum, said in a news release that the bobblehead was an idea sparked by Carr’s success with the Raiders and popularity with Bulldog fans. “[Carr] has become one of the most popular quarterbacks in the NFL, and we thought a bobblehead featuring [Carr] in his college uniform would be a great collectible for all of his fans,” Sklar said. Carr attended Fresno State from 2009 to 2013 and had his jersey retired during
the 2017 season opener against Incarnate Word. The Oakland Raiders drafted Carr in 2014, and he earned the starting quarterback job before the first game of the season. Last year, Carr led the Raiders to their first playoff appearance since 2002. On Oct. 20 the museum also released a bobblehead of former Bulldog and current New York Yankee Aaron Judge in his Fresno State uniform. Judge hit 52 home runs, an MLB rookie record, in his rookie season this year. He won the 2017 Home Run Derby. Judge attended Fresno State from 2011 to 2013 and was drafted by the Yankees in the first round of the 2013 MLB Draft. The bobbleheads are only available for purchase from the museum’s website and start at $40.
‘I’ve just been blessed’ BASKETBALL from Page 8 captain for his last two seasons. Terry embarked on a coaching journey after graduating from St. Edward’s in 1990 with a bachelor’s degree in business administration and a minor in physical education. “I love working with young people,” Terry said. “I identified that early in my life that that was something I wanted to do. Hopefully make a difference in the world with young people and give them a good vision for their life.” Helping out everywhere he could, Terry became an assistant coach at St. Edward’s and James Bowie High School for two years. After assisting, Terry took on the head coach position at Somerville High where he led the team for two seasons to a 49-21 record and a spot in the Class 2A semifinals. After his stint at Somerville, he returned to his old stomping grounds as head coach at Angleton High. Becoming peers with some of his former teachers, Terry got the chance to be on the same level with them. Terry started coaching at the collegiate level in 1996 as an assistant coach at Baylor. “Sometimes you say some things happen by chance,” Terry said. “I was coaching high school and happy coaching high school and then one year I ran into the head coach at Baylor.” Terry seized the opportunity. He went down and met with head coach Harry Miller and the rest is history. He has now been coaching Division I for 22 years. Terry stayed at Baylor for two years before joining current Bulldog assistant coach Jerry Wainwright’s staff as assistant coach at University of North Carolina at Wilmington. “Coach Miller gave me a lot of responsibilities with the [Baylor] program, I wore just about every hat that you could wear in being a part of a program,” Terry said. “I got a chance to learn and grow a lot.” At UNCW, Terry helped the No.13-seed Seahawks make the 2000 and 2002 NCAA Tournaments as well as upset No. 4-seed USC in the first round for their first NCAA tournament win in program history. Before coming to Fresno State, Terry made one last stop at the University of Texas at Austin where his team made NCAA Tournament runs to the Final Four and the Elite Eight. It was there where he also helped recruit and coach McDonald’s All-America players
like Kevin Durant, D.J. Augustin and Tristan Thompson. “As talented as players those guys are, they’re really good kids, and they were really humble kids,” Terry said. “They worked extremely hard. They were always one of our hardest-working players on the team, and they were also great teammates.” Thompson leaving Terry some great seats for Game 2 of the NBA Finals had the chance to catch up after the game. “I obviously let him know how proud I am of him, what he’s been able to do up to this point [and to not] forget where he came from and how hard it took for him to get where he is,” Terry said. According to GoBulldogs.com, Terry coached a total of 13 players at Texas who have been drafted. “I’ve just been blessed, been blessed to be around some really good guys,” Terry said. “I’m just as proud of guys that get a chance to work in corporate America, that become husbands, become great fathers, as I am for the guys that get a chance to go on to play professional.” Terry replaced Steve Cleveland as the ‘Dogs’ head coach in April 2011. He was already familiar with Fresno because he recruited the area when he was an assistant coach. “I just saw that there was a great opportunity here, and I kind of just looked at it as a sleeping giant,” Terry said. In his first season at Fresno State, the ‘Dogs packed the Save Mart Center with the third largest crowd in California. The rest is history. Off the court Though Terry has a great resume on the court, it is also off the court where he continues to make a difference in his players’ lives. “It’s been great, being here my third year and just learning a lot from Coach Terry,” senior guard Jahmel Taylor said. “Just growing as a man and understanding how to play as a professional and understanding, you know, you got to take care of school and also basketball.” Terry’s immediate family lives in Texas, but he thinks of his basketball team as his family, too. “My extended family is my basketball family,” Terry said. “I don’t have kids, but my guys are my kids, and I’d like to think that in terms of trying to help them continue to grow as young men.”
SPORTS Rebels run over ‘Dogs 8
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2017
By Nugesse Ghebrendrias @nugebear13
resno State’s four-game winning streak came to a crashing end Saturday with the Bulldogs falling 2616 to UNLV at Bulldog Stadium. The Rebels featured a stout defense and a relentless rushing attack which created problems for the ‘Dogs. “We got outplayed,” head coach Jeff Tedford said. “In the locker room, people are disappointed. There is no doubt about it. We have got to go back to work. Give them credit. They played well and we didn’t.” Miscues in all three phases of the game cost the ‘Dogs, Tedford said. Two fumbles on special teams and mistakes from both sides of the ball allowed the Rebels to hang in the game. The Rebels beat the ‘Dogs at home for the first time since 1983. “I would say all three phases [offense, defense and special teams] didn’t play very well,” Tedford said. “That’s what happens when certain things happen in a game, and you can’t get off the field and tackle well. We overthrew balls on third down, and special teams had two critical mistakes when we really needed it. It was a total team loss.” Freshman running back Jordan Mims had two rushing touchdowns along with 68 rushing yards on the night. However, the ‘Dogs’ offense did not produce in the second half. The Rebels limited the ‘Dogs’ time on offense, allowing the home team to have only three possessions in the first half and one in the third quarter. However, the ‘Dogs flashed their conference-leading pedigree with a 78-yard drive that lasted 13 plays to put Fresno State up 6-0 in the first quarter. Kicker Jimmy Camacho missed the extra point attempt. The ‘Dogs started the drive at their own 22 and capitalized on big plays by junior running back Dejonte O’Neal and quarterback Marcus McMaryion to get into scoring position. Mims entered the game and took a handoff 13 yards to set up his 3-yard touchdown run two plays later. McMaryion finished the game with 152 yards passing after he completed 16-for-27
Alejandro Soto • The Collegian
Fresno State quarterback Marcus McMaryion (6) runs the ball against UNLV on Oct. 28, 2017 as a Rebel defender attempts to tackle him. The Bulldogs lost 26-16.
attempts. “You have to give credit to UNLV. They came in and did their job,” McMaryion said. “They made plays when they needed to make plays, and we didn’t, myself included.” In terms of effort, McMaryion said the Bulldogs’ approach never changed during the week. “You can’t overlook any opponent. I’m not saying we were lackadaisical at practice or anything like that. We just have to come in and treat every game like it’s a big game and a big week,” McMaryion said. “We just can’t
be shooting ourselves in the foot. That’s the biggest thing.” Sophomore linebacker Jeffery Allison echoed McMaryion’s assessment after the defensive unit allowed the most points to a Mountain West team in the five conference games so far this season. Even though it allowed 26 points to the Rebels, the Bulldogs’ defense rank second behind Boise State in points allowed with 60 in the conference. “They wanted it more. They took advantage of every opportunity that we gave them,”
Allison said. “You can’t just overlook any team. No matter what their record is, you always have to come out ready to play.” With a 4-1 conference record, the ‘Dogs are still in first place in the West Division. However, Tedford said, it’s going to take a lot of work during the week to rebound. “The only positive will be the corrections that we make and how we approach our mindsets going into next week,” he said. The team will square off at home against nonconference opponent BYU on Saturday at 7:45 p.m.
A coach on and off the court the team’s record to 13-5 in conference play and guided the ‘Dogs to a Mountain West Championship. “The Lord has given me the opportunity to play and the chance to coach the game I love,” Terry said.
By Vanessa Romo @vanesssaromo
Standing on the sidelines yelling, cheering and thinking about the next play is the man behind the Fresno State men’s basketball team – head coach Rodney Terry. Terry, the ‘Dogs’ coach since 2011, has turned the team into a Mountain West contender. In his second season, Terry led the ‘Dogs to a 9-9 record in Mountain West play despite beginning 1-7. The ‘Dogs eventually finished with their first 20-win season and postseason appearance in seven years. Terry has helped the ‘Dogs make appearances in the NCAA Tournament and NIT several times. In the 2015-16 season, Terry improved
Plays to Fresno State Born in Angleton, Texas, Terry graduated from Angleton High School and played college ball at St. Edward’s University in Austin. “I can’t remember a time, [a] part of my life, where I haven’t been part of a team,” Terry said. “I’ve been a part of a team since I was 8 years old.” A three-year starter as point guard, he became a three-time Academic All-Big State Conference selection. He served as a team Collegian file photo
Coach Rodney Terry with Karachi Edo, Paul Watson and Cullen Russo last season.
See BASKETBALL, Page 7