La Voz de Aztlán - Oct. 2, 2019

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OCT. 2, 2019



Cover art by Selena Garcia


Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzalez’s epic poem, “I am Joaquin” was printed in the very first issue of La Voz de Aztlán, published in May of 1969. In those fifty years, the poem has been a staple of Chicanx literature because of its nuanced definition of what a Chicanx person is: the product of rape and the rapist. That is, the Indigenous and the Spanish. This is a stance that many Chicanxs are resistant to accepting. Alignment with the Spanish colonizer feels like creating distance between Chicanxs and Indigenous people, who are often glorified in Chicanx culture because of their opposition to whiteness. Gonzalez’s poem points out that we are both, his speaker saying:

Papel picado credit: Daniel Gonzalez

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“I have been the Bloody Revolution,

are treated within it. One of the few mentions of women portray them as

The Victor,

meek and in the background:

The Vanquished

“I am

I have killed

the black shawled

and been killed.

faithful women

I am despots Diaz

who die with me

And Huerta

or live”

And the apostle of democracy Francisco Madero”

This mirrors the way that Chicanas were positioned within the movement,

It’s an uncomfortable reality to accept, that we are descended from both the

while there were women like Dolores Huerta who were able of becoming

Spanish colonizers and the colonized Indigenous people. That our ances-

forefront fighters, most women were delegated to duties like cooking, clean-

tors are both the victor and the vanquished. But it is a reality we should ac-

ing, and working jobs to put their husbands through college. I say this only

cept sooner rather than later. To reject it is to reject the very fabric of who we

to say that, no matter how much progress the Chicanx movement makes,

are, where we come from, and our larger place in the world.

there is always more to go. As “woke” as we may be, there’s always some-

While the poem’s overall stance is an empowering one, it is important

one in the movement who’s been forgotten.

to note that the poem has some issues, particularly with the way that women


unifies the community because it is not gender specific to provide an ac-


curate voice with greater coverage of its members. “La Voz de Aztlan” not only provides the first-hand experiences amidst the current social and political turmoil but comforts the community, prevents silence, and becomes the

by Luis Granados, Staff Reporter

voice of the whole.

In 1969 “La Pluma Morena” was the Collegian’s first multi-ethnic section to grant the black and Chicanx students of Fresno State the ability to be heard. The pen symbolized the written form of expression and was used to capture the various experiences of the two races. The term “Morena” reflected their skin color and dismantled the barrier of oppression by speaking about their life. The name was then changed to “Chicano Liberation” and was solely dedicated to Chicanx life. It served as the grito for the Chicanx community to convey the news and concerns that affected them. Their opinion was valued and they became liberated through writing to compensate for any limitations imposed on them. Their voice was embedded within the historical context and in future generations to record our progress and enact on the future. For over 40 years it has been “La Voz de Aztlan.” This name better represents the community because it unifies Chicanxs in the United States and the population along the Mexican-American border to properly portray the circumstances of living in between Mexican and American culture. It further STAFF Editor-in-Chief Design Editor Assistant Editor Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter Staff Reporter

Graciela Sierra-Moreno Rodolfo Avelar Carolina Mata Francisco Abendano Guadalupe Anahuac Elizabeth Bolaños Anmarie Esparza Will Freeney Hermelinda Hernandez M. Luis Granados Lisette Lemus Selena

Editorial Faculty Advisor

Victor Torres

La Voz de Aztlán

Art by Selena Garcia

La Voz de Aztlán is an ethnic supplement of The Collegian, a student-run publication that serves the Fresno State community. Views expressed in La Voz de Aztlán do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff or the university. Photo Credit: Seth Pennington IG/Twitter: @LaVozdeAztlan


All letters submitted to La Voz de Aztlán must not exceed 250 words in length, must be type-written, and must be accompanied by a full name and phone number to verify content. La Voz de Aztlán reserves the right to edit all material for length, content, spelling and grammar, as well as the right to refuse publication of any material submitted. All material submitted to La Voz de Aztlán becomes property of La Voz de Aztlán.

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Meet the Staff!

Graciela-Sierra Moreno

Rodolfo Avelar

Carolina Mata

Francisco Abendano

Guadalupe Anahuac

Elizabeth Bolaños

Anmarie Esparza

Will Freeney

Hermelinda Hernandez M.

Luis Granados

Lisette Lemus


A RTE RAZ A by Selena, Staff Reporter Note from the Editor: The following is the explanation of our artist’s process in tackling the assignment given to her by the editors: to redraw the cover of La Voz de Aztlán’s, then called Chicano Liberation, October 6, 1969 issue. -Rodolfo Avelar La Pluma Morena was a space for both Chicanx and Black students to have a voice and focus on issues that mattered for us. That’s why it was such a surprise when I came across the caricature of both races in the first volume. I hope that my drawing better reflects the Black and Chicanx students of Fresno State.

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Spanish to question both O’Rourke and Booker and issued the phrase “Noti-


with “buenas noches” (Morrin, USA Today, 2019). Some citizens on social

cias Telemundo” to Mayor Pete Buttigieg of South Bend, Ind., who responded

by Carolina Mata, Assistant Editor and Francisco Abendano, Staff Reporter

media felt pandered to while others appreciated the attempt to reach out in their own language. Tuesday morning (August 20, 2019) Dolores Huerta, who was presented with the Medal of Freedom in 2012, was arrested among 8 protestors at the Fresno County Hall of Records from a group of hundreds who gathered to protest outside of a Board of Supervisors meeting. The protest was to obtain raises for elderly and disabled home caretakers of In-Home Supportive Services who make $12/hr. 6 protestors, along with Huerta, were fined a misdemeanor ticket for failing to disperse upon police request while the other 2 were booked and jailed during the morning for misdemeanor blocking a driveway, according to Toni Botti, Fresno Sheriff’s Dept. spokesperson. According to Uga Lugo, local union organizer from SEIU, IHSS workers have been negotiating for raises for years, with supervisors agreeing to a 10 cent increase. However,

Photo from USA Today

workers are demanding a dollar increase in the new budget set to be finalized this September (Kohlruss, FreesnoBee, 2019).

An alarming issue that gained national attention over the summer dealt with the immigrants held at the border facilities. Furthermore, immigrant children


were exposed to harsh conditions that sparked national outrage. NBC


News reported that lawyers who visited detention facilities in Texas described “seeing young children and teenagers not being able to shower for days or even weeks, inadequate food, flu outbreaks and prolonged periods of detention” (Silva, 2019). According to the article by NBC News, the Clint border facility had a capacity for about 100 people, yet there were more than 350 children housed. Hope Fryer, one of the lawyers who witnessed the facilities, described the Central Processing Center in McAllen, Texas, as having the same harmful conditions. Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez called these border facilities “concentration camps” (Lind, 2019). According to Vox, it was estimated that around 14,000 were attended daily at the deten-

by Anmarie Esparza, Staff Reporter

My educational journey as a first generation college student has not been an easy one. When I first started at Fresno State, I majored in Agriculture Education. I grew up hearing my grandparents talk about the grueling conditions they endured working in the fields. Followed by, “Mija, that’s why

tion centers from May14th to June 13th.

you need to go to school and get a good job.”

ICE raids during the summer also took many people by surprise. One of

fully accept being part of a capitalist industry that heavily depends on the

the biggest raids took place in Mississippi on August 7th, 2019. There, 680 unauthorized workers were arrested throughout seven chicken processing plants (Silva, 2019). According to NBC News, ICE later stated that “300 of those who were detained had been released from custody and placed into proceedings before federal immigration courts, with 32 others released at the work sites and 271 more released from a processing center.” As a result, this also had a detrimental impact on the children of those who were detained. The children were clueless that their parents had been detained. Matthew Albence, director of ICE ultimately blamed the parents for the chaos. He stated firmly, “The parents or the individuals that are breaking the law are ultimately the ones that are responsible for placing their children in this

The agriculture industry has a lot of career opportunities, but I also couldn’t exploitation and cheap labor of Black and Brown bodies. My grandfather is disabled due to the heavy lifting he was subjected to in the fields. Notably, working in the fields is an experience that I have not had to personally endure. This privilege and lack of personal experience, had made me conflicted between chasing a lifestyle that my family wanted for me and knowing the truth behind the exploitative practices of the industry. I have felt this division on our campus. It almost felt as though this division was real, but also imaginary. It wasn’t until my fifth year as an undergraduate student that I enrolled into Chicano and Latin American Studies course for the first time. This is where I have reached a level of consciousness that has allowed me to see the division between the university and

situation” (Clark, 2019). On June 26 the first night of the 2020 democratic debates made a splash on social media after candidates unexpectedly used Spanish. NBC and MSNBC aired the two night debates on Telemundo, “making it the first Spanish-language channel to host a Democratic presidential debate”, according to Gajanan of Time (2019). The Spanish began when Texas Rep. Beto O’Rourke partially used it for his answer. New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker followed suit, using Spanish to answer his own question, and Julian Castro, the former HUD Secretary introduced himself partially using Spanish. The language continued the next night when Jose Diaz-Balart, host, used Photo from The Slow Death of Fresno State

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Ethnic Studies. Our administration never speaks of such division. Our campus

Studies. Support faculty that reflect the diverse students. Legitimize the Ethnic

exclusively promotes “Discovery. Diversity. Distinction” as its core values, but

Studies field, because painting our school as diverse doesn’t mean socially

only as a way to deceive us from the powerful history of activism our cam-

just.” If our campus truly wants to represent diversity, it will represent and sup-

pus carries. However, erasing racial conflicts and painting a “diversity” label

port its’ students of color and the communities they come from through aca-

over it, does not create harmony in the present.

demia. Chicano and Latin American studies has played an essential role in the healing of the wounds created by our own internalized perception of society.

After sitting down with Dr. Herrera, the Chair of Chicano and Latin American

These courses have also made me confront intergenerational trauma in my

Studies (CLAS) to get a clearer vision of our campus’ history, I could finally

family. A university which accepts a large amount of first generation students

put reasoning behind this silent division. She lead the conversation by claim-

should also value the Ethnic Studies courses which validate the stories of their

ing the fight for Ethnic Studies at Fresno State and across California Univer-

lived experiences.

sities was student lead. Indeed, according to the author of The Slow Death of Fresno State, Kenneth Sieb, Black and Chicanx students in San Francisco were rallying for a curriculum that reflected their story and sparked a similar movement in the Central Valley. “Demanding visibility of existence shouldn’t be radical” Dr. Herrera said during our meeting. Absolutely, in a society that values the colonizer’s history throughout the education system, why shouldn’t there be an opportunity for historically subordinate groups to occupy space and be at the center? Ethnic Studies is slowly being pushed to the corner, despite the diversity our campus promotes. I also wanted to know how tensions could be resolved. How can we honor the past by doing more than just “celebrating” it? “It’s simple. Value Ethnic

Photo from The Slow Death of Fresno State



confined for days or weeks. Lee brings awareness to the reader by asking them to “think slave cage, think Manzanar, Gila River” (line 2). His poem not only voices the inhumane conditions the children who cross rivers undergo (e.g., the Gila River, where the death of illegal immigrants have increased), but it directs the audience’s attention to past historical events where the caging of minorities were seen in Manzanar, one of ten concentration camps the U.S. built for over 120,000 Japanese Americans during World War II. His poem connects past events and current issues that show America’s major problem with minority groups. Lee’s poem also brings light by stating someday “the children’s scars will flower” and they will be “cage-free” (Herrick 5.1, 5.7). The speaker conveys the Photo by Hermelinda Hernandez M.

In early September, The Revue hosted the Fresno Writers For Migrant Justice. The event featured well-known writers and poets including: Marisol Baca, Venita Blackburn, Sara A. Chavez, Carribean Fragoza, Juan Luis Guzman, Lee Herrick, Aideed Medina, Brynn Saito, and Juan Felipe Herrera. The evening began with a huge crowd of over 100 attendees, and a display of books were being purchased to benefit the Immigrant Families Together, an organization bringing awareness and helping immigrant families who were separated at the U.S./Mexico border. A few of the contributors of the event include: Fresno Women Read, Women Writers of Color of the Central Valley, Fresno State’s CWAA, and Fecund Stitch.

children will know a bright future where they will be able to be free. This poem not only speaks to the children of the border but also to all who feel or have felt oppressed. It is important to understand that despite the hardships, no one is truly alone, and this poem delivers this vital message.



September is Hispanic Heritage month and in a university with over half of its Lee Herrick’s poem “No Cages But Light” resonates with current issues that

population being Latino/a then this should be a time of great celebration and

illegal immigrants are facing. In it, he expands on modern genocide as seen

recognition toward the Latino/a population. The Fresno State website offers a

with the “vast catalogue of American caging” (line 1). One of the issues that

list of events and their corresponding dates and locations but the information

many illegal immigrants are facing under the Trump Administration, specifi-

is not widely circulated among students. Most students are only aware of the

cally the strict immigration policy, is the caging of children. Thousands of chil-

annual Bienvenida which simply showcases the Latin-centered clubs and or-

dren crossing the U.S. border are being held in detention centers, and are

ganizations on campus for the new undergraduate students. While the month

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should be celebrated, awareness is also important. The campus itself lacks signs of celebration since there are no indicating decorations or flyers to make the campus appear as if it is in observance. The spread of information is key for events and in a large campus such as our own, this poses a challenge. However, with the advantage of mass emails this burden can be overcome. A college newsletter via email can help students be in the know about Fresno State events. This is especially beneficial for new and minority students who are in search of a community to partake in. An increase of awareness may result in an increase of involvement as well. A campus with such a large Latino/a population like our own needs to bring together students to encourage participation and more importantly to create an environment in which we feel recognized, accepted, and valued. This year’s Hispanic Heritage month is over but timely planning and enthusiasm can help to make next year’s celebration more noteworthy.



by Luis Granados, Staff Reporter It takes courage to abandon your land,

You remember glimpses that define your

to be forced to turn your back to it,

México, what your life used to be.

to take a last look at your life,

He doesn’t want to hear that.

and absorb as much as you can

He wants his view,

before moving on.

but that is different than yours. Photo by Pedro Pardo

You cherish the look at the blue house in which you lived, in which you grew— the place you came home to after school with Mexican school stories and papers graded with numbers. You must leave the ground you took your first few wobbling steps prior to falling and erupting into a cacophony of screams. You face this pain and anger for having to sell all you own and omit the memories. Your toys are snatched from you, your childhood withers away. You wish for your brother’s comfort, but he is in your future home preparing the family’s new life. There’s a clouded vision of the house that made you feel safe and the reminder you had to leave it and the hands of strangers. You grasp the fading view of the street you rushed out to when hail bounced off the cracked concrete. There’s faint memories of the store your mother owned, the two family dogs and some other belongings. Can you even say they were true? Years later, your grandfather confronts you and asks,“¿De que te acuerdas de México?” You recall the Jardin — the plaza. Hay árboles amarillos y flores a punto de marchitar, una fuente en el centro, a small cemented path that guided you around filled with ornaments of your last Christmas at home. “De casi nada,” you quietly respond.


EL ESPAÑOL Y EL ESPAÑOL CHICANO by Guadalupe Anahuac, Staff Reporter

Los Reyes Católicos, Isabel de España y Fernando de Aragón financiaron la gran empresa de Cristobal Colón, genovés aventurero y navegante, descubriéndose un nuevo mundo el 12 de Octubre de 1492. Estos mismos monarcas, consolidan la unidad política de España y con la conquista de América, nos heredan algo sumamente valioso de nuestra cultura: nuestra lengua, el español. El Instituto Cervantes, institución sería a nivel mundial por su enseñanza del español, expresa en su informe del aῆo 2018, “El español: una lengua viva”, realizado por el maestro de la Universidad de Alcalá, David Fernández, que más de 480 millones de personas, usan el español como lengua materna. Si se incluye a los estudiantes de español, como lengua extranjera, el español supera los 577 millones de personas. 21 millones de estudiantes tienen en su currícula de clases, el idioma español. La lengua materna, que se encuentra en el segundo lugar en el mundo, es el español, por cantidad de hablantes; la primera, el chino mandarín. El inglés es el idioma más estudiado como segunda lengua, pero el segundo lugar lo tiene el español junto con sus rivales: el francés y el chino mandarín. En internet, la lengua más empleada es el español, después del inglés y del chino. Ahora, veamos en qué consiste nuestra habla común a estos lugares que es el español chicano. Una variante de la lengua estándar puede llamarse dialecto. El español chicano que hablamos o que hablan muchos de nuestros padres, es un díalecto o variante del español estándar que basa sus raíces en el lenguaje rural de los campesinos de México y cuya característica principal es que utiliza “arcaismos” que son propios del español del siglo XVI. Esas palabras antiguas se quedaron fijas en el habla rural y a través de los colonizadores españoles; convirtiéndose en un punto curioso e interesante para la comunidad de hispanohablantes del mundo en general. El español chicano también utiliza préstamos de vocablos del inglés. Es así como este español se combina con el inglés que hablan los hispano-hablantes bilingües, creándose un dialecto del español muy singular. Se dice ya te “juites” en lugar de ya te fuiste, se dice “muncho” en lugar de mucho, “acomodates” en lugar de acomodaste, “pader” en lugar de pared, “agüelo” en lugar de abuelo; en

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ocasiones la vocal “e” se convierte en “i” como en la “lechi” en lugar de leche. Por lo tanto, el español chicano que es el habla de nuestros padres y de quienes con su esfuerzo y trabajo diario están enriqueciendo día a día este Valle Central, así mismo están dando lo mejor a sus familias; cumple perfectamente la función de comunicación del ser humano y no necesariamente tiene que hablarse de acuerdo a una norma, sino a un uso. El español chicano se convierte entonces en una interesante muestra lingüística que debe ser estudiada con detenimiento. Concluyendo, es un motivo de orgullo ser hispanos y tener una cultura tan valiosa, empezando por nuestro idioma, tan rico y abundante, llámese español o llámese español-chicano.


sion of H-2A visas issued under the new rules, an owner of a single agricul-


property at his discretion – say Donald Trump and his vineyards in Virginia.

by Will Freeney, Staff Reporter

It can’t be said that irony (and hypocrisy) is not a trait of which the Trump administration is incapable. The same President who disparages immigrants from Mexico and Central and South America, who denies them refugee status, who separates them from their children and cages those children, who wants to build a wall to keep them out – that same President’s Department of Labor has proposed changes to the H-2A Farm Rules which would privilege temporary resident immigrant farm workers over U.S. citizen and permanent resident status farm workers. Replacing temporary resident (H-2A) workers with domestic farm workers would become impossible until halfway through the season.

tural property could hold a singular visa that requires they remain on that

The bottom line, beyond cost savings for growers, is disadvantage to undocumented workers, who currently comprise a majority of the agricultural labor sector. It seems that this is a concerted effort to squeeze out work opportunities for undocumented workers with a growing cadre of H-2A workers. Bruce Goldstein, President of Farmworker Justice, gave this summary assessment of the situation: “The Trump Administration is doing nothing to deal responsibly with the most basic challenge … Congress should grant undocumented farmworkers and their family members the opportunity for immigration status and a path to citizenship.”

N E WS Other changes in how H-2A workers are hired seem designed to discourage domestic workers from applying for jobs, since employers can lump multiple jobs under one H-2A permit. The new rules would allow workers admitted


by Graciela Sierra-Moreno, Editor-in-Chief

on an H-2A visa for one crop to be switched to another crop or even to farm building construction. This potential for farm labor contractors prevents domestic workers from knowing if or when and where jobs will be available and applying for them in a timely manner. This is not a unilateral windfall for H-2A workers, either. The transportation costs from and to their home country, which are now imposed on the employer, would be shifted to the farm worker. Under the new rules, employers would only pay transportation costs for H-2A workers to and from the U.S. consulate or embassy rather than from their homes. Based on numbers provided in the proposal, during the first 10 years workers would lose an average of at least $80 million a year—or about $320 per worker given the 250,000 H-2A

Photos by Tom Uribes

This year the Fresno State Chicano Alumni Club held its annual “Perros Cha-

workers presently employed.

tos” reunion on September 14th. The event not only celebrated the reunion,

Also, the rule changes would give employers the final say over whether their

panic Heritage month. The scholarship recipients were Gregoria Ahuejote

but highlighted six scholarship recipients and celebrated the start of His-

housing provided for workers is adequate.

Morales, for the Fresno State Amigos Scholarship. Janet Ibarra and Raul

It should be apparent already that these rules changes are all based solely

vestre Vasquez, for the Dr. Manuel Peña Scholarship. And finally, Brenda

on giving further economic advantage to the employer (growers). At the basic level of pay rate, the rules changes have a deleterious effect on pay for all farm workers – H-2A and domestic. The universal pay rate would be set based on the lowest common denominator – normally the pay rate offered by farm labor contractors. The economic impact is accompanied by a legal impact. Two categories of non-agricultural labor not currently included in the H-2A program would be included under these new rules – thereby depriving the workers in those categories of their right to sue over pay disparities and other grievances. Although the new rules allow farm contractors to transfer H-2A workers from one job to another, the H-2A visa, as traditionally implemented, specifies one employer and location for the term of their labor/residence. With the expan-

Gonzalez, for the Chicano Alumni Club Scholarship. Aileen Ibarra and SilC. Basurto, for the Dr. Teresa Pérez Memorial Scholarship. The Night also celebrated Frances and Tony Garduque with the 2019 Chicano Alumni Club Perro Chato Award. Speeches by prominent Chicano leaders in the community were made, including a speech by Dr. Saúl Jiménez-Sandoval. The event also brought together a number of past, and present, La Voz editors including Tom Uribes, and Hector Amezcua.

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LE T TER FROM TH E E DI TOR by Graciela Sierra-Moreno, Editor-in-Chief Editor’s Note: Alongside this year’s statement we are printing our first mission statement. It encapsulates and celebrates La Voz’s philosophy, and after 50 years, still holds truth today. In this first issue of the 50th anniversary of La Voz de Aztlán, we would like to welcome all the new voices residing in Fresno State. We would also like to thank our predecessors, it is an honor to follow in your footsteps. After 50 years of protests, pushback, and student activism, we hope to raise our voces to be as fuertes as the activists of the first issue. As writers, we want to make sure that our fellow Chicanx/Latinx, and all students of color, are informed about the issues happening around them. La lucha sigue y sigue fuerte. And although we may not look like the Chicanos of the 60s, we also face political suppression. Pero por eso existimos, La Voz is the place to fight back against that. In the words of our first editor, John F. Ramirez, we aim to “unite and not incite, to seek cooperation and not revenge, and to end racism and not enhance it, for together is the only real way we can seek and build a newer world… VIVA LA CAUSA!” En otras palabras, we want to make sure to open our Chicanx arms to the marginalized within the marginalized. La Raza has not finished their job. We WILL take up space. Sigamos Pa’lante Editor— Graciela Sierra-Moreno

Calendario • Cala Gala 2019 -- November 2, 2019 -- 1PM-9PM -- Arte Américas • Feria de Educación -- October 5, 2019 -- 10AM-3PM -- Maple Mall Lawn • Pride Part -- October 11, 2019 -- 12PM-2PM -- HML Lecture Rm 3212


..... . . . . . . .. . ... . . . . .. . .. .. .. . ------




Chicanx Writers & Artists Association

Flies, Cockroaches, & Poets









------------------------------------------------------------------------CWAA is currently accepting submissions for the 2020 edition of “Flies, Cockroaches, and Poets” in poetry, ---creative nonfiction, fiction, and visual art. ---


“Flies, Cockroaches, and Poets” is a literary journal that publishes writing and art related to community, culture, identity, and social justice within Chicanx, Latinx, Indigenous, and under-represented communities across California.















WHAT TO SUBMIT? poetry: 2-5 poems creative nonfiction & fiction: no more than 3k words visual art & photography: no more than 10 images

an evening with author

Based in Denver, Colorado, Kali FajardoAnstine is the author of the critically acclaimed story collection Sabrina & Corina which was long-listed for a 2019 National Book Award in Fiction. Her fiction has appeared in The American Scholar, Boston Review and more. Kali has been awarded fellowships from Yaddo, MacDowell Colony, and Hedgebrook. She has an MFA from the University of Wyoming.


books for sale | free admission

WHO CAN SUBMIT? graduate, undergraduate, and high school students from all backgrounds, as well as community members from across the Central Valley (not limited to Chicanx artists).

HOW TO SUBMIT? email your submission in .doc, .docx, .pdf, or ,jpeg files along with your contact information to: (include your name + the titles and genre of your work) DEADLINE? saturday, november 30, 2019

The San Joaquin Review Online and the (559) JOU-RNAL, with Cal Humanities and Fresno State's Master of Fine Arts Program in Creative Writing, present:

Kali FajardoAnstine




































Additional support for this event comes from The Normal School literary magazine and the Instructionally Related Activities Fund


All participants welcome. If you need special accomodations, call 559.278.1569



Papel picado credit: Daniel Gonzalez