nationwide school walkouts for gun control 3/14/18 10 A.M. meeting at front lawn
Black panther review special feature see page 9 see page 6 and 7 Fremont High School
Vol. 6 Issue No. 5 March 9, 2019
African American students attend BCA by Michelle Cortez Staff Writer
On February 10, a group of African American students from Fremont High School attended the Black College Awareness (BCA) Fair at Stanford University held by the Black Student Union (BSU) and organized by Guidance Counselor Dan Amezquita. Fremont High School was one of many high schools that were represented at this college fair, with over a hundred students from other schools attending as well. The goal of the college fair was to encourage Black high school students to attend African American higher education programs. The theme for this year’s BSU youth empowerment college fair was B.L.A.C.K., which stands for “Building Leaders and Cultivating Knowledge”. The program assures its
youth that although there may be problems outside of the classroom whether it be racial issues or the hardship of being a person of color, education and a student’s success should always be the goal for higher education programs. The B.L.A.C.K college fair mainly focused on encouraging students to apply for and consider historically black colleges. There were many motivational speakers and a panel of college admissions officers from these colleges. At the end of the presentations, there was a raffle for a free college tour of Howard University, the first all-Black university in the United States. To the group’s surprise, the raffle was won by Fremont’s very own junior, Keyondre Long. Fremont High School football coach and math teacher Nelson Gifford also attended the college fair
with the various Fremont students. “A lot of students walked away excited about their education,” Gifford said. “I think some of them saw themselves in higher education.” There are 101 historically black colleges and universities in the United States and some of the colleges being promoted in the program were Howard University, Spelman College and Hampton University. These colleges were established as a response to segregation policies in the past, which prohibited African Americans from attending many colleges and universities in America. While the segregating policies which gave rise to historically black colleges are no longer in practice, the colleges are still an invaluable resource for many African American students.
THE Fremont students and teachers who attended the conference posing for a group photo
SCEDRICK Tippins smiling at the camera at the Stanford Convention
“I think it is just important to be aware of educational options,” Gifford said. “These particular colleges are important to African American students from both a historical standpoint an educational one. These schools can open up a window of opportunities which is what education is all about.” Latanya Lee was one of the many students who attended the gathering at Stanford. Although she was nervous at first, she was excited to be in a completely different environment than what she is used to. As a junior, the topic of which college she is planning on attending is very important to her and Lee gained invaluable information and a larger perspective about college from the fair. “When we talked about college,” Lee said. “It hit me hard knowing that I am go-
ing to apply for colleges next year and that I am slowly becoming independent”. BSU’s purpose was to expose African American students to the various academic options they have after their high school career. “I did know that there were single race schools at first,” Lee said. “But after going on the field trip, I have gained more knowledge on college and all black schools and I am very interested in it. It was a really good experience and it made me more excited about my future,” Lee said. Along with stress from transitioning into the independence that comes with college, some students face obstacles in navigating traditional paths to higher education. Generally, first-generation students have a more difficult time navigating the application and admissions processes
for colleges because they have less guidance. Studies like those done by Paul Pitre and Charisse Pitre 2009 find that minorities like African Americans are disproportionately more likely to be first-generation college students because of historical practices, which barred them from higher education. “It’s a heavy thing to be black in America, and going to a black college is the only time you don’t have to think about race,” Gifford said. From start to finish, the BCA fair attempted to inspire African American students to pursue higher education in historically Black colleges. “It was about them, about the school, and about their future,” Gifford said. “The conference allowed them to be the focus of the day where, in other places, they were not the focus.”
FREMONT student Keyondre Long with the organizers of the conference after he won a raffle for an allexpense paid tour of Howard College
NYA Kiele, Kiyah White, Latanya Lee sitting on a curb at Stanford University
WARREN Locksey asking a question to the presenters
Emer Martin | The Phoenix
News Fremont’s supercommuter teachers 2
by Caroline He News Editor
The average commute time for Americans has increased by roughly 20 percent since 1980, according to The Washington Post. Longer commute times are even more dramatic in the Bay Area. With one of the most competitive housing markets in the nation and some of the biggest companies in the world, many workers have no other option but to commute. In fact, Stockton has one the highest percentages of ‘super commuters’ who travel over 90 minutes per workday according to the New York Times. Fremont High School has its own super commut-
ers. Biology teacher Jennifer Rilea, for example, travels over two hours each workday on average. “I leave around six, so it usually takes me around an hour [to get to school],” Rilea said. “Going home usually takes a bit longer because there’s already traffic, normally about an hour to get home. Friday’s usually pretty awful, like an hour and a half to get home.” This extended commute time is very harmful to people both mentally and physically. According to Time, longer commute times are correlated with higher chances of depression, anxiety, lowered quality of life and physical ailments. “I have two little kids,”
Rilea said. “I’m in the car two hours a day, on top of work… I come back home at five and since I need to leave at six the next morning, I’m going to sleep at eight. That means I have three hours a night with my kids. “It also means less time on work,” Rilea said. “I used to be the kind of teacher that would stay after school, do work after school, so I could actually put more time in my job. But now I can’t. I gotta go. I feel like the job suffers a little bit because I can’t give it the time that I used to, and family definitely suffers because I can’t give them the time I want to.” The reason commuters bear with these consequences is because they
cannot afford to move closer to their jobs. “I taught in Morgan Hill,” Rilea said. “But they’re one of the lowest paying school districts in the area, so I decided I needed more money. At the time, I looked here, back in 2008. I got hired. Significant increase in pay. And I was like, okay, I can make this commute. That’s fine. So took the job for the money, but I ended up loving it here. It’s not just the money, it’s the district, it’s the administration, it’s the students. You know, it really is the place to work. I don’t want to work anywhere else… Then I started a family and decided it was time to buy a home, but I couldn’t afford up here. It’s almost twice as much up
here than in Morgan Hill… I couldn’t even get into a one-bedroom townhome in the worst part of Sunnyvale. I wouldn’t even be able to afford that.” Rilea is not the only person with this dilemma. Much of the rise in commute time is due to people living further away from work. The further people work from their homes, the more they need to be on the road. This increases the chances for motor vehicle accidents and clogs up roads. “Over the past couple of years, [traffic’s] just gotten really bad,” Rilea said. “And it’s getting worse because, especially down where I live, they’re building houses like crazy. South San Jose, all
march 9, 2018
these high-density homes and townhomes. In Morgan Hill, they are being built all over the place. In Gilroy, people are commuting from there. People commuting from Hollister. And it’s just going to continue to get worse, because people are living down there, since its more affordable, and coming up here.” With houses in the Bay Area continuing to climb in price, there seems to be no present solution to this problem in sight. Longer commute times are a consequence of a lack of affordable housing. Until houses become more affordable to workers, commute time will continue to increase.
Students falling asleep in class: an epidemic by Trixie Rodriguez Staff Writer
Sleeping in class is nothing new. Students have been doing it ever since school was around but why has it become so prevalent? According to Consumer Affair, “At least once a week, more than one-quarter (28 percent) of high school students fall asleep in school.” The most obvious reason is lack of sleep and exhaustion. These are factors that take their toll on the majority of students. According to CNN, “The annual Sleep in America poll estimated the hours of sleep have gradually decreased it.” More and more people have resorted to sleeping during school as they sleep less each night. There is increased pressure on students to perform well on standardized tests such as the SAT and ACT. These tests, in addition to AP classes and extracurriculars, has led many highschoolers to forgo sleep for work. This has led to
more students falling asleep in class. Many students see their daily schedules fill up because of their extracurriculars and arrive home very late. Then, once at home, it can be hard to focus on schoolwork. Take junior Erik Bach for example, who spends 12 hours at school every other day due to his commitment to extracurriculars. Another reason why students might fall behind is simple procrastination. Putting off school work is a habit that can lead to late nights and sloppy work. However, it is not just putting off school work, it is putting off sleep as well. “Sometimes it’s hard to turn off the Xbox and go to sleep even when you’re exhausted,” Freshman Karei Higgs said. ”Honestly it’s mainly the wake up time. Even on nights when I do get enough sleep, having to wake up at 6:00 am three days every week, really takes its toll.”
Current Events: What’s going on around you? by Emily Wright
While classes will be starting at 8:00 next year this is only 25 minutes later than our usual schedule and for many who do not live near the school, will not feel much. There are other factors besides exhaustion; the most common being boredom. When classes fail to be interesting or engaging it’s hard for teens to stay fully present for a lengthy hour and a half lesson, when they have so many distractions at their disposal.
ally doze off or go to sleep to pass the time, especially when videos are shown. According to Bach, “If classes were more interactive and better organized I would definitely sleep less.” According to Spanish teacher Beth Villa, who has been teaching for 22 years, “There has definitely been an increased amount of students sleeping in class with in the past 5 years.” Villa also believes that sleep-
ing in class has more of a negative impact on students grades then they realize. “Even when we’re doing review, it’s important to stay present.” Villa said. “Often when students fall asleep they aren’t as prepared for test and quizzes.” Paying attention in class and getting
enough sleep every night are vital for student success. Hopefully with next year’s schedule change, it will become easier for students to manage their sleep and work.
Sometimes it’s hard to turn off the xbox and go to sleep even when you’re exhausted. Karei Higgs
During classes some students either unintention-
Photo courtesy of ShareIcon
U.S. News - A U.S. Court Judge ruled against the Trump Administration in their bid to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. The Supreme Court had earlier denied a request by the administration to hear the case before the ruling, according to the New York Times. - A New York federal appeals court ruled that the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which outlawed bias in the workspace based on “race, color, religion, sex or national origin,” covers discrimination based on sexual orientation as well. The case was unusual, in that the Department of Justice was part of the team arguing against the interpretation while the Equal Employment Opportunity Commision backed Donald Zarda who sued Altitude Express because he felt he was fired because he was gay, according to the New York Times. - After theshooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, which replaced Columbine as the deadliest high school shooting in the U.S., many students involved have been vocal about the need for greater gun control, according to Time. One event planned after the event is the March 14 National School Walkout organized by the Women’s March’s Youth EMPOWER group, according to their website. At 10 a.m., high school students, teachers and administrator are encouraged to walk out for 17 minutes, the number of people killed in the shooting.
Fremont High School News - Fremont’s 3rd Hall of Fame class features Bruce Wilhelm, Olympic Weightlifter; Chuck Lyndall Stowell, Sunnyvale Philanthropist; Bob Moles, Chairman of INTERO; Gino Blefari, CEO of HSF Affiliates LLC; Tom Tognoli, Founder, President, and CEO of INTERO; and Jane Keel Carter, Founder and Owner of Dance Academy. A dinner and award ceremony will be held at the Orchard Pavilion at the Sunnyvale Community Center. Ticket sales will go towards funding for FHS, according to the school website.
march 9, 2018
Fighting the flu this year by Leann Bast Staff Writer
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, has been a big deal this year. According to the CDC (Center of Disease Control), there are about 3,000 to 49,000 deaths each year due to influenza. “[It is] hard to know because not everyone who has the flu goes to the doctor, but it’s a lot.” Doctor Irene Moff of Kaiser Permanente said. “Probably somewhere around 20-30 million people in the US.” The flu is an illness that usually spreads during the winter and spring season in the Northern. It comes in different kinds of strains, which are developed when the illness mutates. Since there are different strains, one can never be fully vaccinated against the flu. Although people may become immune to one specific strain, but they are still at risk of catching other strains, which is why a new flu vaccine is offered each year. The illness usually
spreads through the upper and/or lower respiratory tract. The flu is passed on through respiratory secretion to people who spend lots of time close together, such as people in schools, offices, and nursing homes. After about four days of infection, the symptoms may start to show. Some of the symptoms include congestion, sore throat, sneezing, coughing, headaches, chest discomfort, high fever that can last for several days, body aches, fatigue and weakness. To find out if someone has the flu other than reading the symptoms, doctors use nasal swabs to identify the type of strain that a parent has. This year was a more severe compared to past years since, “the most common strain this year, H3N2, is the most severe one,” Moff said. According to the CDC, there will be more deaths from flu this year than from the flu season of 2009-2010, when there were 274,304 people hospitalized and 12,469 people killed. CDC
data shows that there were 4,064 deaths in the first three weeks of 2018 from either pneumonia or the flu, since the flu is a common cause of pneumonia during the winter season. There are no antibiotics that can cure the flu or the cold since antibiotics can only treat bacterial infections, however there are antiviral medicines that are available to treat the flu. These medications will help reduce the severity and duration of the flu, but not
The most common strain this year, h3n2, is the most severe one. Irene Moff
cure it and should be taken within the first 48 hours of the appearance of the flu symptoms for best results. There is also the flu vaccine
and the nasal spray, though the nasal spray has been discontinued because according to Moff, “It has not been found to be as effective as the injectable vaccine.” These will not reduce the chance of contracting the flu completely, but they will reduce the risk of contracting it a bit. Although there are no major long-term effects of the flu, anyone can catch the flu. However, elderly people, young children, pregnant people and those who have diabetes, heart disease and lung disease and HIV are the most at risk. According to Dr. Moff, the best way to avoid the flu is to get the flu vaccine and wash hands frequently. As for overcoming the flu, “Drink lots of clear fluids and get plenty of rest,” Moff said. “Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help with the fever and body aches. See your doctor if you have difficulty breathing, if you are getting dehydrated or if you are not getting better.”
Jasmine Garcia is Fremont’s new College and Career Advisor. Garcia grew up in the eastside of San Jose. Although she is not from Sunnyvale, she spent a lot of time in education in the Bay Area, starting off as a tutor working with elementary school students. Garcia was very interested in math, so she decided to pursue teaching. While working, Garcia noticed that a lot of students got lost in many subjects in middle school, so when they transitioned into high school, it was a lot more difficult for them to keep up with the faster pace. She realized there was a step missing in navigating from middle school to high school and she wanted to find what it was. Subsequently, she received a position working with the high school students and found a setting where she could help students overcome the difficulties they were finding. Although many students graduated from highschool, many were not pursuing higher education and she wanted to know why. This lead Garcia to her position at Foothill College to find the cause of this dilemma. One of the things that she worked on at Foothill College was introducing the Kinesiology class at Fremont High School. While she was collaborating with the teachers, counselors and the student, Garcia fell in love with the student Body and FHS
PHOENIX Editor-in-Chief Emily Wright
Nadia Anees | Michael Wang
Caroline He | Samhitha Tumkur
Arts & Entertainment
Manavi Chandra | Vivien Su
Dana Nissan | Hannah Butay
Center Spread Lexi Kleinberg
Welcoming Garcia to FHS by Eva Devanathan
campus. “I love that Fremont has a really diverse student population and that the teachers are just so invested in the future of their students,” Garcia said. “It was easy for me to fit in with my mission and goals in life. It was easy for me to just find a love for Fremont High School. I enjoy working at Fremont for the student body, the dedicated teachers and the beautiful campus. “Everyone’s path is different, it’s not a straight line and it’s not always easy to understand what the next step is,” Garcia said. She would like students to understand that whether they decide to pursue a college education at a community college, UC, CSU, etc, they will always have guidance and support from the College and Career Center.
degree for your career, the career that you want to get into, but I think that it is more importantly just about lifelong learning even once you get that degree and you do get into the career that you want,” Garcia said. “That’s why the College and Career Center is here, so you can come ask questions,” Garcia said. “Navigating is one of the most difficult things for students but we
have tools and resources in place to help students with the system once they leave high school.” Garcia recommends that students interact with the College and Career Center as much as they can to ease their path with college and career opportunities.
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Fremont High School 1279 Sunnyvale Saratoga Rd, Sunnyvale, CA 94087 (408)-522-2400 | firstname.lastname@example.org Advisor | Emer Martin Mission Statement: The Phoenix, protected under the California Education code, is a public forum for the students of Fremont High School. The Phoenix staff will publish features, editorials, news and sports in an unbiased and professional manner. The Phoenix is the official student newspaper and is distributed free of cost to the students. The Phoenix publishes eight issues throughout the school year.
Everyone’s path is different, it’s not a straight line and it’s not always easy to understand what the next step is
Editorial Policy Editorials are the official opinion of The Phoenix. Opinions and letters are the personal viewpoints of the writers and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Phoenix. All content decisions are made by the student editors and do not reflect the official policy of Fremont High School, nor the opinions of the administration, faculty, or adviser.
Jasmine Garcia Garcia encourages students to start exploring various career options as soon as possible to help them later on in college. Helping students find a college is important to Garcia because she believes that an educated community can advance society as a whole. “It’s important to get a
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Opinion The flawed ideology behind Autism Speaks
March 9, 2018
by Momina Nadeem Online Editor
With their “Light It Up Blue” campaign and fundraising events constantly making headlines, one thing is glaringly obvious: when it comes to the conversation around autism, Autism Speaks dominates. Despite its widespread support, as someone with a sibling who has autism, I cannot support them. Founded in 2005 by Bob and Suzanne Wright, who are grandparents to a child with autism, the mission of Autism Speaks originally was to “[fund] global biomedical research into the causes, prevention, treatments and a possible cure for autism” and to “raise public awareness about autism and its effects on individuals, families and society”, according to The Art of Autism. This reasoning is flawed on many levels. The notion of finding a cure for autism is questionable. Resources used to fund research for a cure that does not exist since autism is a disability and not a disease, could instead be allocated toward helping to provide resources that directly help people with autism. Autism Speaks only allocates three percent of its funding to family services, while 95 percent of their funding goes towards a combination
of fundraising, research and lobbying, as evident on their 990 Non-Profit Tax Exemption Form from 2015. In addition, pushing the idea of a cure portrays people with autism as inferior to others. What people with autism actually need is to be recognized and accepted in society for who they are. Autism Speaks’ advertising campaigns are no exception to this history of ableism—discrimination against people with disabilities. Their 2009 I Am Autism advertising campaign features an ominous, threatening voice claiming to be autism, saying things like “I work faster than pediatric AIDS, cancer and diabetes combined. And if you’re happily married, I will make sure that your
marriage fails.” In 2013, Autism Speaks held a summit in Washington D.C., in which Suzanne Wright emphasized the same ideas presented in their advertising campaign four years earlier: dehumanizing people who have autism and stressing that they are a burden on their families and on society. Wright’s speech at the summit as well as the release of her op-ed titled A Call To Action is the reason why John Elder Robison, the only person with autism on the Autism Speaks board of members, resigned. On his blog titled Look Me In The Eye, Robinson states that “there is a vast gulf between the tone of Mrs. Wright’s words and [his] own” and that Wright “says things [he] would never say to people with
autism and cannot in good conscience stand by.” The fact that the only person with autism on the Autism Speaks board of members chose to resign from his position says more about the nature of Autism Speaks than the number of people that support it. If Autism Speaks claims to speak for people with autism but won’t listen to them, there is a problem. In that same month, Autism Speaks held their Walk Now for Autism Speaks event in D.C. to fundraise and provide resources for people with autism and their families. One of the resources featured was the Judge Rotenberg Educational Center, an institution known for using inhumane methods of torture such as electric shock and food deprivation on their
mentally disabled patients as a method of behavioral therapy, according to Jennifer Msumba, a patient with autism who was previously admitted into this center. I find Autism Speaks’ open support for the Judge Rotenberg Center to be horrific; it really shows the extent to which they are willing to go to eradicate autism, rather than help people with autism gain acceptance in society. In 2016, Autism Speaks changed their mission statement to remove the objective of a cure and focus more on treatment and awareness. Although this is a major step in the right direction for Autism Speaks, only time will tell us whether this change in objective is reflected in their actions. As for now, I am skepti-
cal and still can not support them, given their extremely problematic history. There are plenty of other organizations out there that are good alternatives to Autism Speaks; an example is the Autism Self Advocacy Network (ASAN), which is entirely run by people with autism. The goal of ASAN is to “advance the principles of the disability rights movement with regard to autism”, and to make sure that the voices of people with autism are heard. The motto of ASAN is “Nothing About Us Without Us”, which serves as a reminder that inclusion of people with autism is in everything they do—something Autism Speaks has failed to accomplish.
Photo courtesy FEM magazine
Choosing between expectations in life
by Manavi Chandra
Arts & Entertainment Editor
I remember one day I was reading Paper Towns by John Green. The protagonist Quentin had his life set with a plan to get good grades in school, become a doctor and have kids by age 30. But when his longtime neighbor Margo Roth Spiegelman goes missing, he sets on a hunt to find her. During the journey Quentin learned that Margo was not the type of person to create a life plan and go with it. She disappeared so she could embark on the opportunities that life could offer. At the time, I didn’t
understand why Margo decided to start a new life. I agreed with Quentin because I identified with him myself. But as college loomed closer, I’ve realized why Margo started a new life. Everyone wants a future that includes a stable income. In our society, the pathway to this ideal is succeeding in school. But sometimes success corrupts people, and it can happen in high school. We study and prepare for exams to the point where getting good grades becomes the purpose of our lives. Moments that could be spent learning to have a better life, listening to our own thoughts and making something of them are lost. Life is so structured to the point where we miss out on making experiences for ourselves. People are so focused on school and work that they don’t notice their life going by. This is the reason that people in the 21st century don’t know what it means to make a living.
To make means to create something, whether it be from the hands or the mind. You can’t make good grades or wealth. In fact, they are the products of your hard work. People aren’t born to be deceptive. But as life progresses people learn to deceive and manipulate in efforts to get a good life. However, that is not the way to make a good life because when people engage in immoral activities they destroy themselves and their lives even more. Those that maintain their purity not only make a living but also they fight for the good of humanity anywhere they go. People with purity unfortunately are a minority and the majority will do anything to eliminate those people because of their own selfishness and arrogance. What many do not realize is being able to create experiences for themselves enables them to excel in their careers and in life. They are the ones that
are the most wanted in the world. They make a living by spreading their adventures around their communities and the globe, whether it is through their career or other means. Going out into the workforce with an open mind, and inspiring change in their communities is a good starting point towards making a living. Every step you take
after will result in benefits that even you might not even have known were possible. You are using the gift that you were born with, the
very gift that does not last long in this world. Maybe Margo Roth Spiegelman saw herself as more than just a “paper” girl when she said, “You see how fake it all is. It’s not even hard enough to be made out of plastic. It’s a paper town.” She recognized the world within her and went to create even more worlds within our own.
Dana Nissan | The Phoenix
March 9, 2018
by Nadia Anees Managing Editor
Why do people stay quiet when they are aware that they are witnessing injustices? So many times I walk by people who make horrible comments degrading women, people of color, people with disabilities or simply anyone they find that they can make a joke out of. It’s so easy for people to get away with saying horrible things, especially when their friends do nothing to stop them. Silence is essen-
tially the same as supporting the person committing the injustice. Speaking up can be frightening because of the fear that no one will understand you or that they will attack you. If you are afraid that no one else will agree with you, you may be surprised to see that once you speak up, several others will join you. In addition, it takes a lot of strength and courage to step up and speak up but it does not have to be done alone. If you observe bullying or someone being mistreated, you can talk about this experience with others first. Getting advice from teachers, family members and friends can definitely boost your confidence and motivate you to speak up. Also, you can join others in standing up to bigotry and in this way you feel more
empowered and supported. There have been many times in the past where I was afraid of making myself vulnerable by stopping people from saying horrible things. One instance was when I was sitting in a class when a student started making sexual jokes and making the students around him uncomfortable. His friends looked at each other and nervously smiled. They were all well aware that this friend of theirs was stepping over the line of what was appropriate and yet, because it was their friend who made this joke, they simply did not know what to do except to nervously laugh it off. No one spoke up--not even myself. I was ashamed of not speaking up because by staying silent I was only encouraging him to continue
being offensive. However, I am improving and losing my fear of speaking up and standing out. Also, talking to my teachers and friends really helped me develop the courage to stand up. I am writing this story not only to encourage others, but also myself, to feel empowered and have the strength to stand up for others who are being harassed, hurt or degraded. I have learned that no one intelligent will look down on me for speaking up against an issue that hurts society. There is nothing to lose by speaking up politely, maturely and assertively. As I come across more injustices, I always try to think of the smartest way to react and respond. A government website whose aim is to spread awareness and information about bullying, StopBul-
lying.gov, says “research indicates that persistent bullying can lead to or worsen feelings of isolation, rejection, exclusion and despair, as well as depression and anxiety, which can contribute to suicidal behavior.” According to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, it is estimated that over 40 thousand Americans die by suicide each year. The reasons for suicide are endless but there is no doubt that some of these suicides are caused from harassment and bullying. By standing up and speaking out for others you might save someone’s life. If you stay quiet and no one else speaks up, then the person will normalize saying rude things and the problem will intensify over time. The famous quote by Holocaust survivor Elie Wi-
esel says, “silence encourages the tormentor never the tormented,” which is extremely relevant in spreading awareness of this issue. As long as you are not putting yourself or others in danger, speaking up and standing out must happen. It is okay if you are scared, nervous or embarrassed. Once you overcome these hurdles, you will realize the outcome of helping someone troubled or defending a person or concept from being humiliated is extremely rewarding.
LGBTQ+ representation in Harry Potter by Miranda Kushner-Pérez Photo Editor
With recent big budget action films, such as Star Wars: The Last Jedi and Black Panther, having racially diverse casts, this seems like an exciting trend that is going to stick around. Several franchises have the potential to even incorporate diversity with LGBTQ+ characters, but it seems they are not taking this chance. Anyone who calls themselves a Harry Potter fan is aware by now about the Fantastic Beasts spin-off series. Although the second installment does not come out until November, some details have already been revealed by the director, David Yates. Several years back, Harry Potter’s author JK Rowling revealed that the well-known mentor character, Dumbledore, was gay. Although for members of the LGBTQ+ community this was initially a pleasant surprise, it raised the question of why Rowling did not include this information in the actual series and why she added it almost as an afterthought, stating that it “wasn’t relevant to Harry’s journey”. The information shared by Yates a few weeks ago was of the same vein, that although Dumbledore will appear in the next movie, there will be no mention of his sexuality, despite the film focusing on him in his
younger years. This was, unsurprisingly, met with backlash from much of the Harry Potter fan base, especially the LGBTQ+ fans. After all, is there really any point to adding representation, but not actually showing it in the work? This results in a lot of disconnected extra information about characters and not actual representation. The main critique of this move is that at this point, neither the studio, nor Rowling herself, stand to lose from incorporating LGBTQ+ representation. When Harry Potter was a new series and its place as a modern favorite was less secure, it is almost understandable that Rowling did not want to risk losing more conservative readers by making a popular character gay. But now that her work is clearly going to stick around, making her rich in the process, losing some sales from homophobes won’t make any significant dent in the movies’ success. The argument can even be made that providing an actual, on-screen, portrayal of LGBTQ+ characters will help the popularity of movies; recent trends in Hollywood confirm the notion that diversity sells. In the same way that the newer Star Wars films have sported increasingly diverse lead casts, the Harry Potter franchise could have a similar box office boost if it were to have more diverse stories and casts. For LGBTQ+ Harry Potter fans to be able to see themselves in their favorite series would be incredible, especially if it were in a way that is not tacked onto the end or glossed over. However, studio executives and creators refuse to incorpo-
rate any representation, even when the opportunity is right there. JK Rowling adding representation onto the end of her series is not just limited to the LGBTQ+ community: she has also mentioned that different characters were Jewish or people of color, after the series ended. It is great to see that there are diverse characters in a series as culturally impactful as Harry Potter, but it is somewhat counterintuitive to add it all to the end, outside of the books. Harry Potter and the spin-off films are not the only franchise to be guilty of this. Marvel is another company to be criticized by fans for its mishandling of LGBTQ+ representation. For its most recent fall film, Thor: Ragnarok, Marvel pulled a classic Rowling, confirming that Tessa Thompson’s character, Valkyrie, is bisexual in the original comics. It was even revealed that there was a potential scene written into the movie where this would be confirmed for the cinematic universe. However, this scene was cut, with
executives preferring to leave Valkyrie’s sexuality ambigous. Even for Black Panther, a groundbreaking release in terms of black representation, a similar situation happened. In the comics that the movie was based off of, two female warriors are in a relationship. A scene containing this relationship was written into the script for the movie and was once again cut out. Although neither of these movies needed to confirm the LGBTQ+ representation that is present in the comics, it would have been a smart move. Though there may be ticket sale losses from conservatives in the short term, being the first superhero franchise to have LGBTQ+ characters would be an impressive achievement in the long run. Besides that, the act of erasing a character’s official sexuality or erasing it by omission, is a questionable move. For many young LGBTQ+ fans of
these franchises, seeing characters that are like them would have a positive impact. Even for series that do not have extra media that confirms sexualities, the erasure of LGBTQ+ representation is still an issue. After the first movie in the new Star Wars trilogy, The Force Awakens, came out, many fans said that the new characters, Poe and Finn, should be in a relationship. Even the actors supported this idea and so, in grand Hollywood fashion, any potential was denied. For the sequel, The Last Jedi, scenes where Poe and Finn would be adventuring together were changed to be about Finn and a new female character, Rose. The message this filmmaking decision sends to viewers, especially LGBTQ+ fans, is that it is preferable to change an entire script and character arc to avoid having gay people in the series. This ends up leaving people who just want to see themselves in their favorite movies
feeling like they do not have a place in the world of the movie. This attitude towards LGBTQ+ characters and relationships in movies needs to change. It is toxic, causing the notion of the LGBTQ+ community being something less desirable, as well as being straight-up close-minded. LGBTQ+ people are one minority group that still have not had their time in the Hollywood limelight, despite having a wealth of stories to tell. In the same way that straight characters can be in action movies without having the plot revolve around their sexuality, the same goes for LGBTQ+ characters. If studios were to realize this, they would not only bring in a new market, but would also make their stories so much richer. Although the Fantastic Beasts franchise is taking a step back with its omission of Dumbledore’s sexuality, viewers must still have hope for future representation, both in this and other series, no matter how bleak it looks.
Dana Nissan | The Phoenix
March 9, 2018
Admins take on free speech and student activism By Vivien Su & Samhitha Tumkur Student rights were not a prevalent topic until the Des Moines vs. Tinker case in 1969, when 13 year-old Mary Beth Tinker wore a black armband to protest the Vietnam War. Her form of protest provoked hostility from her school administration and she was ultimately suspended. However, this did not stop Tinker from expressing opinions in public. Her later protests brought her case to the Supreme Court. The final ruling was 7-2 and the corresponding verdict stated that students do not “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.” Free speech is a right that is often exercised by all ages, but does this privilege translate in an academic atmosphere? The general rule of thumb is that every individual has this right as long as it does not invoke physical or mental harm. However, do the rights that students currently hold allow them to exercise this privilege to their full potential, and more specifically, how does this right apply to the students
of FHS? we allow students to share The Phoenix had the chance with the admin team or teachto sit down with Jay Lin, one of ers their feelings or concerns two Deans at FHS, to further that are happening with them, explore this topic. society or politics. With that, The Phoenix: What are although not overtly stated, the rights to free speech that [you can tell that] Fremont students have at Fremont? has a culture where students Mr. Lin: Rights are very are able to speak their minds. tough to what students have and When I think about it, we have don’t have. I will say that stumultiple clubs that allow for dents definitely free speech like have a right [our] LGBTQ+ to speak their [club]. If we mind; however, Students definitely were censoring there are some those things that have a right to speak educational we didn’t believe their mind. codes that prein, we would Mr. Lin eliminate them vent them from saying everything but that’s not they want [like] Fremont’s way. vulgarities, The Phoenix: obscenities, or anything against How important is the right educational code. If a student to free speech in an academic were to cuss while speaking environment? their mind, that would be against Mr. Lin: To me, I think school policy and the California it’s very important. With educational code. what we’re dealing with as The Phoenix: What does a society, there are things Fremont do to protect students’ today that even I feel strongly rights to free speech? about [such as] undocumented Mr. Lin: I would say that students and student safety,
especially concerning with the gun violence that we are seeing. If students wanted to talk to me or a teacher or to the school about these issues, we are open to hearing that. And I think it’s important to talk about some of those things. The Phoenix: Using a journalism lense, how do the rights of free speech apply here on FHS? Mr. Lin: To be honest, I can’t think of a time when we’ve censored our journalists. I think it’s important for The Phoenix to find pressing issues on campus or in society and openly and freely talk about them. It’s also important to get the opinions and feelings of students about pressing topics. I would say that goes for our principal, for our admin team and our school. We support what you all do, especially under a journalism lense. You definitely do research and do find things that would be helpful for the great com-
munity and for the students at large. One thing stands clear: students’ right to free speech has thoroughly evolved and withstood the test of time as a privilege that is truly essential. As long as students apply common sense and do not induce any sense of harm through their speech, this right should be expressed and protected in its entirety. Students should be thankful for the present circumstances and fully embrace their right to pursue their beliefs and establish themselves as an individual.
the evolution of punishment in school By Veeryan Bhatia
During the 19th and 20th century, school discipline was extremely strict. It was enforced through harsh methods, many of which have been now banned in America. During those times, discipline was enforced through corporal punishment, which was not only used in the United States, but all over the world. During the mid 1800s, the most common method of punishment was lashing a student with a hickory switch, a thin branch of green wood or a leather strap, according to the New York Times. For decades, this form of punishment was used in order to enforce discipline and it wasn’t until the 1890s that it was replaced by paddling. This punishment method involved a long wooden paddle, which was used to strike a student’s backside, according to Revolvy. Alongside paddling, the 1890s introduced the concepts of detention and suspension, which are some of the most common ways of discipline enforcement practiced today. The reason for this change was to create multiple levels of pun-
ishments. If a student was misbehaving during class, the student would usually be given detention, however if a student’s behavior progressed for the worse, a student would usually be paddled or suspended. A teacher would keep a paddle visible behind their desk as an indirect warning for the students not to misbehave. By the early 1900s other forms also became common, though paddling and whipping were still often used. These new punishing methods included a student getting struck on their knuckles with a ruler or pointer, a student having to carry a heavy stack of books for a long time in a corner of the classroom, along with writing “I will not…” on the board 100 times. According to UN Tribune, it wasn’t until 1979 when Sweden banned corporal punishments in schools, followed by Finland in 1983. Over time many other countries joined, with 51 countries banning corporal punishment by 2016. Unfortunately, this does not include the United States. The United States’ federal government still al-
lows corporal punishments to be used in schools. However, according to Business Insider, by 2014, 31 states in the nation had passed laws banning any physical means to enforce discipline. Furthermore, most schools in America choose not to rely on methods of physical punishments. Now, many teachers are more interested in the underlying issue behind a student’s misbehavior.
March 9, 2018
ts Rights Students rights today By Ambika Vaidya
understanding dress code By Cres Hohmann
When one thinks about students’ rights, it automatically links to student activism: students forming groups, protesting, yelling and all the key components that make up student rebellions. However, students’ rights do not always mean a student rebelling. When examined through a broader lens, a student can exercise their rights by correcting a teacher over a math problem or informing a teacher of a problem marked wrong incorrectly on their test. Moreover, today students have a larger voice in their classroom and have the ability to stand up for themselves. Most parents today encourage this behavior in their student. Students and teachers have a much more relaxed and friendly relationship in today’s world compared to earlier decades. One hears stories of how teachers used to be authoritative figures in the past instead of simply being authority figures. But there is an overwhelming difference between being authoritative and having authority. Being authoritative usually consists of boasting and patronizing someone, in a menacing way. Having authority is simply having the power but not using it in a threatening manner. In the last century, teachers wanted students to know that they were the ones with the power. Not only was punishment given by lashes, but school rules were ludicrous. According to the Historical Society of Somerset Hills, a 1872 set of rules prohibits boys and girls playing with each other. These types of rules were very unrealistic and it is no wonder why schoolmasters were so dreaded by students. Today, we live in a world where teachers actually take the time not only to teach and educate students in academics, but also to help them with their personal problems and emotions. Some teachers go even further as to helping a student’s family in order for the student to have a happier life. According to a CBS News article, in January 2018, a fourth grade teacher donated a kidney to one of her student’s mother (who was suffering from Stage 5 kidney failure). Such touching moments signify how much studentteacher relationships have changed over the past century. From tyrannizing, strict and disapproving schoolmasters, most teachers have now developed into caring, helpful and patient individuals who have a love for teaching itself. The best types of teachers don’t mind a student pointing out their mistake. Let’s take a moment to appreciate how student-teacher relationships have grown for the better compared to previous decades. Teachers are now generally more approachable, more patient and more concerned for their students. Today students, in turn, actually have a chance of appreciating their teachers, having the confidence to talk with them and correct them. Of course, there are still some teachers who teach simply for the sake of employment and teachers who don’t know how to efficiently approach, handle or behave towards their students. On the other hand, there are those teachers who appear strict and formidable at first glance, but sometimes they turn out to be the best of teachers. After all, it is our teachers who change us, although we may not always realize it. They change our behaviors, our work patterns and sometimes our entire lives. Therefore, having a good teacher is essential to our wellbeing. Thankfully, there are plenty of teachers out there that can help us transform into knowledgeable, mature and educated young adults.
The School Dress Code has been a constant feature in all schools these days. Dress codes prohibit certain types or styles of clothing that negatively affect the learning environment. A dress code has existed in America for over 100 years, according to Seattlepi. However, the laws surrounding the dress code have been lenient and therefore have been challenged many times in multiple Supreme Court cases. The first case to highlight the issue of dress code was Tinker v. Des Moines. In 1969, students were banned at their school from wearing black armbands to protest the Vietnam War. The Court ruled in favor of the students stating that banning the armbands was an infringement of free speech. This was the first case to challenge the dress code, and set the tone for the kind of dress code schools should adopt. However, later cases went against the original rhetoric, siding with school districts and their dress codes rather than the students right to free speech. The result of all of these cases has been the creation of a national dress code. The “national dress code” is an edited version of free speech. It upholds the student’s free speech, while maintaining certain limitations. The two major rules for dress code are disruption and neutral content. Content neutral means that a school cannot ban a specific opinion or message, because it violates the First Amendment. A student can wear anything as long as it is not disruptive to the school. What is or is not disruptive is up to the school to decide. However, if a school decides to ban a certain type of clothing, they must remain content neutral. For example, a school cannot ban clothing supporting one political party while still allowing the other. Either they ban both of them, or none at all. The Fremont dress code follows the general lines set by the Supreme Court. The dress code bans items of clothing that are too short or too revealing. Shirts with vulgar or lewd illustrations, are considered a disruption, and are also prohibited. It also bans shirts that support illegal activities to minors, drugs being a major focus. Continuing the nationwide education campaign against gang violence, the dress code bans all clothing with gang affiliation, including red or blue bandanas. The dress code, or “Dress for Respect” stays within all the limits set by the Supreme Court. Until a challenger approaches, this dress code will stay as a constant of Fremont High School. The debate on how far a dress code should go is still in effect. Protesters say that the dress code is unfairly biased against women, citing it as sexist. It forces women in particular to dress a certain way, more so than boys. However, opponents say that they just want to maintain a learning environment, free of distractions. This debate will mostly continue into the foreseeable future, until it is brought to the Supreme Court.
LGBTQ+ rights in school by sean abellera More than 900 Genders & Sexuality Alliance (GSA) clubs are established in California public high schools, according to GSA Network. This represents the gradual growth in support for LGBTQ+ students, who were once looked down upon. But now, they are widely recognized and respected by society. However, various studies conducted by the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network (GLSEN) state that 82 percent of LGBTQ+ students have had problems with bullying regarding sexual orientation. The studies continue, showing that the students also may have experienced cyber bullying, physical harassment, strong violence or simply feeling unsafe at school. All of these can negatively impact the student and perhaps lead to even more complications. It is essential for LGBTQ+ students to know what rights they have to counter such opposition. As a general premise, any type of harassment and discrimination, including those relating to sexual orientation and gender identity, is not tolerated at Fremont. More specifically, information from Lambda Legal states in federal law “Title IX”, schools must take action on discrimination regarding gender stereotypes. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) states that in events like prom or homecoming, LGBTQ+ students are able to have same-sex dates. Likewise, a male has the right to run for Prom Queen and vise versa. In relation to the topic, schools do not have the right to reveal the student’s sexual orientation to others without the student’s permission beforehand. Under the First Amendment, everyone has the freedom
to express themselves. That being said, ACLU explains that LGBTQ+ students have the right to speak about their sexual orientation. Schools cannot silence the student’s speech unless their speech becomes extremely disruptive in the classroom environment. Additionally, students have the right to wear clothing that expresses their views, which includes LGBTQ+ pride. This means schools do not have the ability to condemn such clothing, as long it aligns with the dress code. In the case of transgender or gender nonconforming students, they may freely express themselves through choice of clothing, according to ACLU. However, the specified students still have to handle other problems, such as restrooms, locker rooms or name and pronouns referring to the student. This is because most areas have not established clear regulations to transitioning students. Although support seems abundant for the LGBTQ+ community, much progress is needed. Information from the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network shows that 13 states, including California, passed non-discrimination laws pertaining to LGBTQ+ students. However, there are 20 states with no laws protecting them. The remaining seven states have implemented what are known as “No Promo Homo” laws. Such laws can prohibit teachers from teaching students about gay and transgender issues, some of which include sexual health or AIDS and HIV awareness. Furthermore, these laws may negatively and inaccurately portray the LGBTQ+ community. On a more positive note, the history of the LGBTQ+ community has progressed dramatically and their
Photos courtesy of The Cut, UConn Today, WordPress. com, glesn.org, wellandgood.com, NYmag.com, emaz.com, CRWflags.com, publicdomainvectors.org, Samhitha Tumkur | The Phoenix
importance will not remain unnoticed to Californians. According to TIME, the first K-8 textbooks with LGBTQ+included material were approved for California schools in November of last year. This change allows for earlier representation and exposure to LGBTQ+ figures, bringing to light their milestones as well as struggles. It is only a matter of time until other states follow the steps of California. Many hope for the day when LGBTQ+ students no longer suffer from discrimination and where these young adults are accepted for who they are. Until then, student rights and equal representation will lead the way to a more respectable and just society. Nondiscrimination Laws protecting students by state
Arts & Entertainment
mARCH 9, 2018
There are countless boba places in the Bay Area, so many that it can be really hard to choose between them. As self-proclaimed “boba connoisseurs”, we have compiled a list of top boba places in different categories & our recommendations at each location. Best Place to be Productive: Cafe Lattea & Monster Boba
Most Convenient: Sharetea & Gong Cha
With sofa chairs, electrical outlets and wifi, Cafe Lattea is a great spot to sit down, open your laptop and start on your homework. Monster Boba’s minimalistic feel will make you want to get your work done as it is usually pretty quiet inside.
Sharetea is located 1.1 miles away from FHS (a 21 minute walk) and Gong Cha is only 1.4 miles away from FHS (29 minute walk). These easily accessible boba shops are great hangout spots after school.
Recommendations: Cafe Lattea: Oolong Pearl Milk Tea Monster Boba: Green Thai Tea
Most Authentic: Ten Ren & Fantasia Ten Ren and Fantasia are both located in Cupertino Village. They have been in business for over ten years and have offered consistent highquality tea. The tea taste is very pronounced and strong, but not overpowering. Recommendations: Ten Ren: Roasted Oolong Milk Tea Fantasia: Peach Green Tea
Recommendations: Sharetea: Mango Passionfruit Green Tea Gong Cha: Earl Grey Milk Tea with 3 Jellies
Best Variety: Tea Era &T4 Tea Era is a local tea place with over 20 flavors of brewed teas, milk teas and slushies and is one of the only tea places with non-caffeinated options. T4 also has a huge variety of milk tea flavors from avocado to candy pear. Recommendations: Tea Era: Lychee Green Tea T4: Taro Pearl Milk Tea
by Mira Dhingra and Michael Wang Best Snacks: Teaspoon & Quickly’s Teaspoon and Quickly’s are great places to drink milk tea and enjoy high quality snacks. Teaspoon offers a great variety of refreshing shaved ice while Quickly’s offers everything one can ask for, from delicious snacks such as fries and popcorn chicken to full-on meals like bento boxes. Recommendations: Teaspoon: Husky Sundae Quickly’s: Fried Calamari Rings
Disclaimer: These are just our subjective opinions, so they may not align with your tastes and preferences.
Best Bang for your Buck: Tpumps & 85 Degrees Every Tuesday, Tpumps offers a free upgrade to a Pumpbo (Large size) for only $3.50. Given its size, free toppings and customizable flavors, Tpumps is by far the best bang for your buck. 85 Degrees is a bakery & tea place that also has very affordable prices, though their sizes are much smaller than Tpumps. Recommendations: Tpumps: Mango Peach Rose Green Tea 85 Degrees: Peach Green Tea with Mango Jelly
Photos courtesy of freepik and Mira Dhingra | The Phoenix
Arts & Entertainment 9
March 9, 2018
Black Panther Chases Records
by Patrick Ramos Staff Writer
The common perception is that Marvel Studios has superior superhero movie adaptations in comparison to other film studios, such as DC. However, one of its biggest problems is that they resort to an abundance of comedy, especially with one of their recent project, Thor: Ragnarok. While it’s not bad comedy, it has become repetitive in the eyes of the fans and the average movie goer. This use of comedy has noticeably affected the heartfelt moments of Marvel films. However, in Ryan Coogler’s The Black Panther, he distances the film from Marvel’s snarky comedy and approaches it with a much more serious tone on race. This is why the film will be regarded as probably Marvel’s best film for years to come, as not many films from Walt Disney Studios discusses the sensitive topic of race. The Black Panther follows the events after Captain America: Civil War, as T’Challa - the titular Black Panther - played by Chadwick Boseman, tries to win the respect of Wakanda af-
by Guy Reuven Staff Writer
Fortnite is a 100 “player versus player” online game where one’s avatar kills or gets killed to win the game. Fortnite already has around 3.4 million concurrent players even though it only came out on July 25, 2017. Epic Games made Fortnite available for players on the Xbox One, PS4 and PC. Although this isn’t Epic Games’ first game, it is probably one of their most successful ones. To play, 100 online players’ avatars are dropped from a plane onto an island map to collect resources including wood, brick and metal. Players compete to acquire the best weapons to win the game. There are a number of different towns that you can land in. One’s performance and skill level are determining factors of their chances at success. If one’s objective is to earn more kills, a good
ter the death of their former king T’Chaka, his father. Wakanda is an advanced civilization located in Africa and powered by the valuable metal vibranium. In the Marvel Cinematic Universe they have hidden in secrecy for thousands of years, as the world around them fell into conflicts and wars. Erik Killmonger, played by Michael B. Jordan, wants to take over the kingdom so he can empower other Africans across the globe, to take over the world and change it into the peaceful and futuristic ways of Wakanda. To me, the Killmonger’s motives seem bland but they’re more meaningful compared to the motives of previous villains who wish to take over the world for the sake of it. In addition, how T’Challa and Killmonger are related adds a totally new complexity to the relationship between the villain and the hero. However, the reason Coogler has made Marvel’s best supervillain to date is because Killmonger’s motives are based on morality. The ideas of morality cause the audience to sympathize with the villain to where they have a valid reason agree on his views. I’d even say that Killmonger is an even better character than T’Challa. The main focus of the film is that if you have the place to land would be Tilted Towers. If one’s objective is to win the game alone or with their buddies, then he or she may want to drop somewhere more toned down. To win the game, one wants to be the last player left on the map. To achieve this, one can either kill everyone or hide and wait for others to kill each other. However, this isn’t the only way to play. There are three game modes: solo, duos and squads. When playing solos, one drops from the plane alone to a desired location while each individual player is doing the same to survive. When playing duos, a player and their buddy player drop and play the same as solos, but they both try to win the game together. Squads are the same but instead of
time and resources to help other people no matter their race or background, help them. The film presents this without showing it through a race war but rather an idealistic war between two parties of the same color. One wants to advance the world for the betterment of Africans who have been oppressed, while the other wants to stay in isolation to protect his kingdom. As the film advances, T’Challa’s views on staying in an isolationist state change as Killmonger’s ideas seem to latch on to him. This is a welcomed delight to Disney as it’s set to gross more than the three previous Marvel Cinematic movies in 2017 and has the highest rating on Rotten Tomatoes than any other Marvel film ever. The city of Wakanda is also going to reappear in Avengers: Infinity War and will probably be protecting one of the six infinity stones from Marvel’s biggest baddy, Thanos. One of the best parts about this movie is the soundtrack. Both the original score produced by Ludwig Goransson and the soundtrack produced by Kendrick Lamar and other noticeable artists add an entirely new dimension to the film. Ludwig Goransson is a Swedish musician who worked on the soundtracks
playing solo or in duos, one plays in teams of four. The game isn’t as easy as it sounds; the map does not stay the same size throughout the whole game. A storm is formed and shrinks as the game goes on. If one isn’t quick
for Central Intelligence and Ryan Coogler’s last movie Creed. The African style of music played whenever the film is in Wakanda is filled with many African instruments. Once the characters interact outside of Wakanda or with characters foreign to Wakanda, the trap beats of Kendrick Lamar and western instruments either interact or take control of the soundtrack throughout the film. In the Kendrick Lamar soundtrack only a couple of songs like Pray for Me with the Weeknd, Opps with Vince Staples and Yugen Blakrok who is an African rapper and the big hit from the album All the Stars with SZA actually appear in the film. Overall the soundtrack by itself compared to Kendrick’s previous albums like DAMN and To Pimp a Butterfly, it is not as good but it still is a great album with features from Khalid, Jorja Smith and many more. However, with the film in mind, the album is incredible when you listen to the songs through the eyes of either Killmonger - who wants to take control of the kingdom and learn its ways - or T’Challa - who wants to rule the kingdom with an iron fist but still seem humble. Overall the soundtracks are incredible when partnered with the film.
enough and gets caught in the storm, they lose their health slowly, leading to a slow death until they make it out. One always want to stay in the eye of the storm. However, there is a way to control their health deterioration with chests, bandages
The cast of the film is such a talented set of people like Chadwick Boseman who worked previously on 42, and Get on Up and his acting is still great. Along with the cast is Michael B. Jordan who worked on films like Creed and Fruitvale Station that were both directed by Ryan Coogler and received critical praise. Whenever Michael is in Wakanda, he changes the flow of the film as he uses American slang while everyone else is very formal. It totally changes the dynamic in the film and makes Killmonger an even better villain. Andy Serkis who plays the Claw, Lupita Nyong’O who plays the Nakia and Forest Whitaker who plays Zuri, all worked on the new Star Wars films. Danai Gurira from the walking dead adds in as general Okoye as well as Daniel Kaluuya who was the main character of Get Out, is in this film as Okoye’s love interest and tribe leader W’Kabi. Martin Freeman returns to reprise his role as Everett Ross, he has worked on the Hobbit franchise and the Sherlock Holmes TV show. There is also many unheard of actors and actress that worked really well in this film, like Winston Duke, Letitia Wright and John Kani just to name a few. This cast alone should be able to
spark some ticket sales and create some great moments with good acting. Marvel Studios and Coogler went all out in the casting to bring this film to something as close as perfection. If there is are problems with the film, it would be the visuals. While they are not the worse in special effects history, in comparison to other films like Thor Ragnarok and Guardians of the Galaxy Volume 2, it falls flat on its face in places throughout the third act. It might be due to the amount of money that Marvel has put into Avengers Infinity War. There is also the fact that T’Challa is not as interesting as the other characters in the film and does not receive much character development that would really add onto the main theme of the film. Despite that, the Black Panther seems to be the best marvel film for years to come as it not only provides an interesting theme but also a great soundtrack and good acting. It also does not have as much comedy as the other marvel films which really makes tells the audience to take this film more seriously.
and med-kits. When finding guns, it’s rarity that matters because it increases the range and damage of the gun. This also runs for explosives and healing potions. While good guns are hard to find, materials are not. Materials are used for shelter and building a base. They are mainly used in getting height advantage at the end of the game to win. However, one wants to be careful when getting these materials because breaking down trees, rocks and crates make very loud noises, alerting other players and giving away one’s position. Epic Games makes this experience more fun by allowing one to play with friends. This game is fun also because it has expressive, in-game costumes one can buy with “V-bucks”. There are many costumes
and tools and emotes one can buy or earn in Fortnite However, it does get annoying due to the multitude of bugs in its system. Overall, Fortnite is a lot of fun and is progressively getting more fun by the minute with all of the cool new updates and guns. So, if you yourself are bored or lonely sitting at home, grab a controller and explore Fortnite, a game of the best intensity and fun.
Photos courtesy of Blackfilm, Clipartix, Rampages and noBACKS
Arts & Entertainment 10
March 9, 2018
A perfect tribute to the man behind the happiest place on the planet by Patrick Ramos Staff Writer
The Disney company has the power of an entire country, among its hundreds of millions of customers either through properties it owns like Star Wars, to the parks, to its own news networks like ABC. As much as we all love Disney the company, many of us fail to observe or are simply unaware of how it all started. The simple answer is with one man, Walt Disney, and his vision. When he died in 1969, his legacy had made a huge influence nationwide, much like the empire it is today. In the past, Disney did not have as many enterprises as it owns today but Walt’s name alone had a deep place in the hearts of many. One of such was his very own daughter, Diane Miller. To celebrate her father’s history, she opened the Walt Disney Family Museum in San Francisco on October 1, 2008. After almost ten years, I set out to visit this 40,000 square foot museum myself. When you enter into the museum, before you even buy your ticket, you can tour the walls that display the many awards, including Oscars, that Walt Disney had gotten over his lifetime. There is also a restaurant and a gift shop in true Disney fashion. As you enter into the museum, the first room showcases the history of Walt before his filmmaking career includ-
ing his family life to when he entered World War One. The following room leads to Walt’s start of his filmmaking and animation career at Universal before he created the Walt Disney company. There, he created his first character, Oswald “the Lucky” Rabbit. Once you exit the two rooms, an elevator is there to greet you, The elevator is themed like a train and signifies Walt Disney’s move to Los Angeles from Marceline, Missouri. From there, you get to see Walt Disney’s many accomplishments which span anywhere from the creation of Walt Disney Studios to the first sound cartoon,the Steamboat Willie. Shortly after, Walt moved on to creating short animation films including the Silly Symphonies. The next room reveals his first ever animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The following couple of rooms follow the creation of other animated films Walt worked on like Fantasia. You also are introduced to
Walt’s live action movies like his adaption of Jules Verne’s book, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. As you approach the end of the museum you get this hall that shows an incredible view of the Bay and the Golden Gate Bridge. As you walk through it you’ll notice a bench at the end of the hallway. The bench is one of the many benches that Walt sat upon in the Griffith Park when thinking about his idea for Disneyland. There is a replica of this bench at Disneyland itself. When you exit the hallway a large room greets you with a miniature display of Disneyland, Walt’s personal toy train he had in his backyard, an animatronic bird that you can control and some older Disneyland merchandise. It is all very grand with a beautiful walkway that leads you from place to place within the room. Exiting that large room you are then receive the tragic news of Walt’s passing. A small gray room that
displays the impact Walt had around the world with his workers and animators as well as the rest of the world. It truly was a big loss to the world when Walt died as he was a man who shaped millions of childhoods throughout his life. And his legacy lives on as the company still shapes hundreds of millions of kids through the parks and films all started by one man with a dream. Overall the entire museum is an amusement as we get to understand more about the man we hear so
much yet know so little about. As a Walt Disney fan myself, I am impressed with the museum and the amount of detail it has. It even goes so far that when you enter you can smell the familiar smell of Disneyland itself. The attention to detail is what made the Walt Disney company great and it makes this museum great as well. If there is one problem with this museum it be that it does not have much mention to Walt’s Florida project. Walt worked extremely hard on The Florida Project especially on the city
of the future he was trying to create. Matter of fact it was the last thing he talked about on television before he died. However, it alone is still a work of art and is definitely worth the day to go check this out. It is even cheap to get in as tickets start at ten dollars which is better than the 120 you’ll find at Disneyland.
Photos courtesy of Walt Disney and Disneydose
The History Behind The Mystery by Katherine Davis Staff Writer
Located off Interstate 280 in San Jose, the Winchester Mystery House is a piece of history created in 1884 that sits as an oasis in a more contemporary location. Located near Santana Row and the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, the Winchester Mystery House stands out as a four story mansion steeped with a history. Recently, it has experienced a thrust into the spotlight due to a movie in February starring Helen Mirren. Even though the movie, Winchester, received negative reviews from critics, it has brought the Winchester Mystery House to the world’s attention. According to the official Winchester Mystery House website, in 1881, newly widowed Sarah Winchester inherited 20.5 million dollars along with 50 percent ownership of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company from her husband. The Winchester Rifle was used in multiple wars, ranging from the American Indian wars to World War II. There are multiple versions of the story that explain why Winchester had built the house. Most
of them claim that she went to see a medium—someone who can contact the spirits—and, while channeling her dead husband, the medium had told her to build a house for her and those killed by the Winchester Rifle. Maybe she was looking for a hobby to deal with her grief or maybe she believed that she and her fortune was haunted of those killed by a Winchester rifle. Sarah went west and purchased an unfinished farmhouse in present day San Jose, immediately beginning construction. It continued for the next 38 years, 24/7 for all 365 days. Sarah had not hired an architect, adding on to the previous building without any plan. This led to multiple oddities such as stairs that go into walls, doors that open to reveal a two-story drop and the unsettling use of the number thirteen in windows, steps and bathrooms. In the San Francisco earthquake in 1906, the Winchester House went from its original seven stories to the present day four. During the Earthquake, Sarah had been trapped in one of the bedrooms. Then, according to legend, when she got out, she called off
the current construction and moved to another part of house for she believed the spirits were angry. A lot of the earthquake damage was never repaired, Sarah having boarded off the sections and left it. After her death in 1922, the house was obtained by John and Mayme Brown as Sarah hadn’t left any mention of the house in her will. Five months after Sarah’s death, the house was opened up for tours. A notable visitor around this time was Harry Houdini. In the present, the Winchester Mystery House is owned Winchester Investments LLC that represents John and Mayme Brown’s descendants. The house is still open to the public providing two different types of tours with prices ranging from 20 to 50 dollars. There are also special event tours for Friday the 13th and Halloween, capitalizing on the lore that surrounds the house. This house, now 134 years old, still holds the attention of tourists fascinated with the story behind the house and its bizarre construction. The Winchester Mystery House is a unique monument, and it won’t be going anywhere any time soon.
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MArch 9, 2018
JV basketball comeback 17 years due by Guppy Uppal Staff Writer
The junior varsity boys basketball team had a tremendous season this year. The boys worked very hard to achieve their goal even though they had many bumps in the road. Their perseverance led the JV team to win league for the first time in 17 years. The team continued to go undefeated until a very close loss against Lynbrook High School. LHS won by only four points with a score of 56 to 52. The loss was heartbreaking; however, the team soon recovered and eventually won the league championships. Sophomore Nathan Martinez, co-captain of the JV boys basketball team, was content with the team’s performance throughout the season. “After the loss we all were pretty down . . . but we picked ourselves up by winning the league,” Martinez said. “It was a proud moment when we realized that we are the first JV boys
After the loss we all were pretty down...but we picked ourselves up by winning the league. It was a proud moment when we realized that we are the first JV boys basketball team since 2000 to win league. Nathan Martinez basketball team since 2000 to win league.” Martinez believes the loss against LHS was their only setback, since the team won 10 out of 12 games. Many of the JV players broke records set by other players. For example, sophomore Yuval Danino, co-captain of the JV boys basketball team, scored 34 points against Monta Vista High School, the most points scored this season. Martinez had 11 assists
against MVHS, the most assists this season. Throughout their games, the team had excellent communication, using their time and space wisely. Sophomore Ran Hadas, JV boys basketball player, was proud of their performance. “We all played with high intensity and . . . really good defense,” Hadas said. Overall, the JV boys basketball team had an
excellent season. Tony Kikuta, coach of the JV boys basketball team, was proud of the team and was satisfied with the development of the team overall. “The team’s improvement and success is largely attributed to the boys’ outstanding approach to practice,” Coach Kikuta said. “Captains Nathan Martinez and Yuval Danino . . . set the tone in terms of working
hard at practice and overall commitment.” With many dedicated and hardworking players, Coach Kikuta hopes some of the team’s players will be recognized as all-league players, because of their excellent contributions to the game. Coach Kikuta expects Yuval Danino, Nathan Martinez, Amit Rotem, Richen Ocracy and Josh Gorham to be recog-
nized as all-league players of this season. This season freshmen players were a big part of the games. Coach Kikuta is optimistic about the future of the team. The JV boys basketball team has many dedicated players, with more coming in next season. Their determination, courage and teamwork yields a promising future.
Photo courtesy of the JV boys basketball team
FHS JV boys basketball team 2017-2018
Hardships of cheer New swim coach by Magali Julien Staff Writer
As Fremont High School’s basketball season comes to an end, the cheerleading team gets ready to go to the National Cheerleading Championship. The ultimate goal of the cheerleading team is to show their school spirit and support the athletes competing. Cheerleading was only recently recognized as a sport. This was long overdue since cheerleading has the same tests of endurance, strength and skill that other sports do. Originally starting as a male-only sport, cheerleading soon became female dominant. Today, over 90 percent of cheerleaders are girls and women. Many however still do not consider cheerleading a sport and often ignore the hard work the cheerleaders put in. “[There are] people who aren’t interested in
watching you perform,” a member of the cheer team said. “People...think you are a distraction.” Cheer routines are repeated multiple times and are practiced to perfection. Seemingly easy motions can be extremely complicated and take hours to master. To make sure that each part of the routine and each person performs their function smoothly they learn to trust each other. “If any person doesn’t do their part...someone can easily get hurt,” a cheerleader said. Each cheerleader is crucial to every stunt; a slight mishap can lead to a severe injury. As a result, cheerleaders often endure a lot of wrist and back injuries. Enormous determination, concentration and confidence are needed to perform and ensure a stunt goes properly. Due to the time spent with each other, cheerleaders often feel like a family.
All cheerleaders spend a lot of time with each other and build strong bonds. “[The team has] been selling milk tea and...each person individually will be selling See’s Candies [to fund the trip to the NCC] ,” a cheerleader Sunny Nelson, said. “You put a lot of work into it everything that you do …[the team] becomes a family...You spend a lot of time with each other and... can’t help but connect with [your teammates].” Cheerleaders put a lot of time and effort into achieving the same goal and making their performance as good as it can be. Performing is their way of displaying the work put into their routines and stunts. It shows the blood, sweat and tears put into cheerleading. Every performance motivates them to do better and brings them ever closer. Hope the cheerleading team has a great time at the National Cheerleading Championship!
by Sophia Pulido Staff Writer
The Fremont High School swim team seems to have a bright future ahead ever since the arrival of the new coach this season. Coach Andy Clifford started his swim career when he was six years old at a summer league team called Sharon Heights, where he swam until he was 18 years old. He’s also a Sunnyvale (SUNN) Swimming Coach; the club is known to have talented swimmers starting from very young ages. When
offered to coach the FHS’ Swim Team, he considered all the familiar faces from SUNN that he had coached as well as wanting the team to have a great experience. SUNN Swim occasionally practices at FHS’ pool, making it easy for Coach Andy to transition from SUNN Swim Team to the FHS Swim Team. His favorite part about coaching is having the opportunity to help young people develop their swimming and life skills. “I also love swimming and watching people race, which makes it easy to do my job,” Clifford said. Being a swim coach has
COACH ANDY CLIFFORD at the FHS pool Photo courtesy of the FHS Cheer team
given him many opportunities, some of the greatest opportunities include meeting and working with many new people, training with swimmers of all level from beginners to Olympic athletes, traveling all over the country and seeing things that he thought he would not without swimming. Overall, Coach Clifford’s goal for FHS’ Swim Team is to create a foundation for the team, establishing a bright future, encouraging bonds within the team and having some fun.
Sophia Pulido | The Phoenix
sports FHS swimmers that emerged victorious
March 9, 2018
by Sydney Keller Staff Writer
Adversity and uncertainty have threatened Fremont High School’s swim team for the past three years. With the future of the team on the line at the beginning of every season for one reason or another, FHS swimmers have had to overcome many obstacles just to compete at all. In 2016, the swim team was unable to find coaches and the season was delayed. When coaches were finally hired, one began chastising female swimmers for their swimsuits, threatening to ban them from practicing or competing unless they wore shorts and even t-shirts over their suits in the water. Because of the hazard this presented and the backlash it received, the coach tendered her resignation leaving the
team and remaining coach to struggle through the season. If not for the efforts of many parents, teachers and athletes, there may not have been a season at all. In the 2017 and 2018 seasons, Fremont again struggled to secure coaches. Despite the negatives, FHS sent swimmers of all backgrounds to Central Coast Sectionals last year. From year-round club swimmers to water polo players and summer league swimmers, a myriad of athletes have taken the opportunity to prove that FHS is still an exciting, motivated and even record-breaking team.
Among those qualifying for CCS individual events last year were senior David Noyes, senior Jack Schertler, senior Michael Nixon, senior Jason Kim, sophomore Young Yu, senior Alys Chang, senior Sydney Keller, senior Brianna Fu and junior Ashley Ma. Both Noyes and Ma finaled in their respective events and even qualified to compete in California State Championships. The individual event qualifiers were joined by junior Isaac Jacobson and sophomore Christopher Guzik in CCS relays. Guzik, a club swimmer, swam on the boys 200 freestyle relay and Jacobson, a water polo player and summer swim team competitor, swam the 200 freestyle and 200 medley relays.
Noyes has been swimming for 12 years. Currently he trains and competes year-round with Santa Clara Swim Club. Over the course of his four years at Fremont he has balanced morning and afternoon practices with his course loads. He has had to miss school on multiple occasions to compete in championship meets, including CCS. However, Noyes powered through, excelling in the sport he loves. He now plans to attend and swim for the University of the Pacific this fall following graduation. Congratulations to Noyes! Ma has also been swimming for about 12 years with her current team being Santa Clara Swim Club. She began swimming at a young age to help manage her asthma and due to her consistent improvement, she committed to club swimming. She is now driven to compete by her lofty goals, supportive teammates and dedicated coaches. Ma names last year’s CCS competition as the site of her most memorable swimming moment. She competed in finals for the 100 meter butterfly and her time qualified her for both Junior Nationals and State
Championships, both high level meets that presented great opportunities for Ma. In the upcoming season Ma hopes to have just as much fun and success as she did last year. In the upcoming season, Fremont High School’s swim team hopes to con-
tinue its record of resilience. With a new and experienced coach and dedicated athletes coming out to practice and preparing for meets, there’s no doubt that the Firebirds will make their mark on CCS yet again.
Photos courtesy of the FHS Swim Team and CCS
Published on Mar 9, 2018