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Dr Francis Xavier

Kerala Veterinary & Animal Sciences University

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…………………………………………………….Provided further that, in the case of all livestock and poultry farms under Group I(1) occupancy, the above width shall be 1.2 metres if the total floor area is upto 500 sq. metres, 3 metres if the total floor area is above 500 sq. metres but upto 1000 sq. metres and 5 metres if the total floor area is above 1000 sq. metres: ………………………………………………………………….

Licensing and rules for keeping animals

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Dairy farming has been transformed into an industrialized system

creating optimal integration between: the production unit (the cow)

technologies and equipment (engineering)

the operator (the farmer)

and the production environment

(the dairy farm)

suitable animals

sustainable for the Agro-climatic zones and socio-cultural niche of the state.

Vision of modern dairying On-farm integrated system development for Kerala with SOP Development

High tech- conducive Herds:

(Beta Casein?)

Cow benefits:

a) Improve overall cow health b) Less feet and leg problems c) Lower somatic cell counts d) Increased production e) Lower culling rates f) Increased conception rates

Labor efficiency and Mechanization Optimum Land Management : Bio technological tools viz:

embryo manipulations, breed bar-coding

Floor to reduce foot injury, Clean skin and udder Temperature control Cheap and affordable Encourages cows to take rest –Energy saving

Heat stress� reduction, correct feeding and feeding practices

Ceiling for sheds Mist sprinkling Green fodder Reducing radiated heat Fans and air circulators

Larger production units operate at lower costs implement more advanced technologies / systems, which are out of the reach of small farmers.

Bio gas to replace LPG gas use in dairy

Bio gas to run power generator to energize milking machines and light and heating

Bio gas slurry with better nutritive value for better fodder production

Ecoterrorism and vanishing small holders & Indigenous germplasm

Rain water harvesting pond with 300 micron geomembrane (24mx16mx4m ) and 1,500000 lit capacity -May 2008

MAY 2008

JUNE 2008

For intensive fodder production


African Napier

Australian Napier

CO 4

Thumburmuzhy 1

Congo signal



Fodder bamboo 12 varieties collected at CBF under RKVY project

Useful as Fodder Prevents soil erosion Holds flowing rainwater Biological fencing for fodder lands

THUMBURMUZHY Fodder 17 % protein 125 tillers Not water depended Grows fast Stem tender No waste

തുമ്പൂർമുഴി പുല്ല്

തുമ്പൂർമുഴി പുല്ല്

-Data recording and analysis using efficient soft wares -Recording of individual animal’s information from birth to death, with

the herd database

-The ability to build and control complete feeding rations from calf to cow -The best breeding results using unique technology with activity meters -Maintenance of a healthy herd using multiple indicators and unique sensors -Parlor performance evaluation for an optimized milking process -Organized, smooth cow traffic to reduce injury risks and labor requirements -A hand held tool for instant availability of cow data, at any time in any place -A complete herd summary and overview of market -High producing adaptable animals to be supplied to the farming community of Kerala -A waste management system conducive to State.

Dairy sector Problems and views kerala