International Forest Industries October November 2023

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SAWLINES Harvester Heads Forestry Mulchers Track Carriers






THE HEAD EVERYONE HAS BEEN WAITING FOR! A versatile head, ready for large trees. The Log Max 5000V is a modern and reliable harvesting head that can handle a wide range of logging challenges. This is the perfect mid-range head for both thinning and final felling. The head can be equipped with a 82 cm saw bar and has a maximum cutting diameter of 74 cm. It also features Log Max’s multi-stemming MK2, that is agile and lightweight, making thinning work easier. The Log Max 5000V is suitable for those who seek the perfect balance between agility, capacity, and durability.

Quote from test driver Erik Wiik:

“The cutting and feeding are brutally good, and in combination with the new length measuring unit, Log Max becomes unstoppable ; )”











Tigercat mulching products are used across many industries including land clearing, silviculture, and forest management, including fire mitigation

The BTC-300 is the next evolution for Bandit highperformance land-clearing track carriers with interchangeable forestry mowers and stump grinding heads.

Hitachi Construction Machinery (Europe) NV (HCME) recently launched the new ZX135USL-7 forestry excavator.



6 Logging News 48 Advertising Index


COVER - PONSSE HH360 ROTATOR PONSSE HH360 is a harvester head rotator that literally widens the perspective on efficient harvesting to a full 360 degrees. With PONSSE HH360 rotator in use, the hoses stay in a fixed position from crane tip to rotator, all the time. This enables rotating the head freely without having to worry about unexpected - and expensive downtime caused from twisted hoses.


The operator’s work becomes swifter, and the overall efficiency of the jobsite is significantly improved. The sturdy, powerful and exceptionally energy efficient PONSSE HH360 rotator is globally available for H6, H7, H8, H7 HD, H8 HD, H7 HD Euca and H8 HD Euca harvester heads when installed as a loose head installation.







BER 2023


Harvester Heads Forestry Mulchers Track Carriers

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 1




26 22 LIMAB



LIMAB was founded about 45 years ago and has a long tradition of developing and manufacturing laserbased technology.

Ledinek to deliver a new generation planer line to Moelven Edanesågen AB, Sweden

In a September webinar, Norvin Laudon, Director of MiCROTEC Vancouver, presented a gamechanging innovation that promises to reshape the hardwood industry.



29 28 USNR



USNR’s new Sidewinder log turner maximizes throughput in mills

Jartek to supply high speed drysorting line to Ipowood

Pioneering Progress in Wood Processing: BID Group’s Trimmer Line

E-LOADER SPRINGER’s latest innovative product development – A new high speed feeder solution for lumber sorting Your Advantages: > Can handle a wide range of sizes > Operates superbly with different sizes > Lumber can be placed directly into the scraper bar partitions > Performance is consistently high > Can be adjusted perfectly to any lumber width > Layers are accumulated reliably without being pushed back > It’s maintenance friendly because maintenance lids can be walked on (crossover option) The E-Loader is used to separate pieces of lumber. Boards are gathered at the E-Loader’s retainer by an accumulation conveyor. The feeder lever takes the board and lifts it into the ug chain of the downstream conveyor. 2 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023


SUBSCRIPTIONS SUBSCRIPTIONS Tel: Tel: +44 +44 (0)1442 (0)1442 877 877 583 583 Annual Annual Subscription Subscription UK UK and and Europe Europe £160, £160, € € 230 230 Rest Rest of of the the world world US$270 US$270 EDITORIAL EDITORIAL T: T: +44 +44 (0)1442 (0)1442 877 877 583 583 F: F: +44 +44 (0)1442 (0)1442 870 870 617 617 2 2 Claridge Claridge Court, Court, Lower Lower Kings Kings Road Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, 2AF, UK UK Editor Editor Robin Robin Peach Peach Editorial Board Dr Patrick Moore – Chairman NORTH AMERICAN SALES and Chief Professor Piotr Paschalis-Jakubowicz – Kevin Lapham Warsaw University (Poland) J.P.MediaAgricultural Inc Mr Kim Carstensen Tel: +1 (630) 420 9752 Director General Fax: +1Stewardship (630) 420 9763 Forest Council Email: Eduardo Morales South American Forestry Consultant WEB OPTIMIZATION Jo English ADVERTISING AND PROMOTIONS ADVERTISING AND PROMOTIONS International Forest Industries Ltd International Forest Industries Ltd Advertising Manager Advertising Manager Emma Smith Emma Smith +44 (0)1442 877 583 +44 (0)1442 877 583 Publisher Associate Editor Robin Peach Robin Peach Advertising Production Enquiries Advertising Production Enquiries Emma Smith Emma Smith Studio Manager Luke Evans International Forest Industries is published by International Forest Industries Ltd, 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Accounts Berkhamsted, Nicola ShuklaHerts. HP4 2AF, UK

International Forest Industries (ISSN 1755-6732) is published bi-monthly by International Forest Industries Ltd GBR and is distributed in the USA by Asendia USA, 17B South Middlesex Monroe NJ 08831 and International Forest Avenue, Industries is published additional mailingForest offices.Industries PeriodicalsLtd, postage paid at by International New Brunswick NJ.Lower POSTMASTER: send address 2 Claridge Court, Kings Road changes to International Forest 17B South Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF,Industries, UK Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 International Forest Industries (ISSN © International Forest Industries Ltd 1755-6732) 2007 – 2019is published Forest Industries IFI uses, asbi-monthly preference,bySIInternational units throughout. Ltddollars GBR and distributed in the USA by Asendia USA, All areisUS unless otherwise stated. 701C Ashland Avenue, Folcroft, PA 19032 and additional mailing offices. Periodicals postage paid at New Brunswick NJ. POSTMASTER: send address changes to International Forest Industries, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 © International Forest Industries Ltd 2007 – 2023 IFI uses, as preference, SI units throughout. All dollars are US unless otherwise stated.


n August I attended SFPAEXPO 2023 which was held at the Music City Convention Center in downtown Nashville, Tennessee. Inside, the new, state-of-the-art convention center exhibitors and visitors experienced a modern business atmosphere. On the whole stands were busy and I got to meet the majority of IFI clients who all expressed great support for the magazine. From important business matters to our continuing theme – Climate Change. Forests are burning like never before which directly affects the forestry business. Rainforests are declining at an alarming rate further propagating climate change, enhancing the likelihood of escalating severe wildfires, droughts, and higher temperatures around the world. In our July August issue, I raised issues surrounding the lack of money invested by governments in saving the rainforests. This year alone China and the USA are spending over a trillion dollars on defence budgets with China unlike the USA not interested in contributing to save the Amazon rainforest. With governments failing to address the impending catastrophe is it time for the worlds rich to step forward and take the initiative?

The rich can go a Iong way to saving the planet Globally, Forbes* counted 2,640 ten-figure fortunes, down from 2,668 last year. Altogether, the planet’s billionaires are now worth $12.2 trillion Elon Musk, falls from No. 1 to No. 2. Bernard Arnault, head of luxury goods giant LVMH, takes his place as the world’s richest person ($211B) The United States still boasts the most billionaires, with 735 list members worth a collective $4.5 trillion. China (including Hong Kong and Macau) remains second, with 562 billionaires worth $2 trillion, followed by India, with 169 billionaires worth $675 billion. Whether or not the world’s richest individuals and companies should contribute to climate change funds is a matter of debate and depends on various factors, including ethical, moral, and practical considerations. Here are some arguments on both sides of the issue:

4 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

Arguments in favour of the world’s richest contributing to climate change funds: Wealth Disparity: The world’s richest individuals and corporations often have accumulated vast wealth, sometimes through industries that contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. Addressing climate change is a global challenge, and they can play a role in mitigating the impacts of the problem by contributing financially. Responsibility: Some argue that those who have benefited the most from economic and industrial activities that have contributed to climate change have a moral and ethical responsibility to help address the consequences. Funding Solutions: Climate change requires substantial investments in renewable energy, technology, and infrastructure to transition to a more sustainable future. The wealth of the richest individuals and corporations can help fund these solutions. Public Relations: Contributing to climate change funds can improve the public image of wealthy individuals and companies, demonstrating a commitment to corporate social responsibility and environmental stewardship. Incentivizing Change: By contributing to climate change funds, the wealthy can encourage others to follow suit, creating a ripple effect of support for climate action.

Cont’d on Page 47 * Forbes - World’s Billionaires List 2023

New TCi Dealer in France Tigercat Industries recently announced that Cuoq Forest Diffusion (CFD) based in Saint Pal de Mons is now representing the TCi equipment brand at the national level in France. Previous TCi dealer for France, Clohse Group, will continue to service the Benelux region and northwestern Germany. Founder and CEO, JeanMarie Cuoq has been involved in the French forest sector as a forester and contractor since 1984 and has used mechanized equipment in his harvesting operations since 1990. In 2005 Jean-Marie started an equipment repair business. In 2016 he expanded into equipment sales, naming the new entity Cuoq Forest Diffusion. CFD has developed strong service capabilities and a focus on parts support and availability. “I am grateful for the trust that Tigercat Industries has placed in me and my team,” says Jean-Marie. “We are ready to work diligently, promoting the TCi brand and establishing a strong presence throughout France.” COO, Philippe Wion adds, “This partnership marks an

The Cuoq Forest Diffusion team. (L-R) Adrien Leaute, Matthieu Rivière, Charlotte Ribeyron, Jean-Marie Cuoq, Bertrand Defarges, Florian Debard, Philippe Wion, Laure Rivière, Damien Portail. important step for Cuoq Forest Diffusion. Tigercat Industries is renowned for its robust and high quality forestry equipment. To be entrusted with such a renowned brand is of course a great satisfaction. The arrival of TCi products is consistent with our strategy of representing only premium quality brands.”

6 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

Matt Roberts, Tigercat Industries sales manager for Europe comments, “We are excited to work with such an exceptional organization as Cuoq Forest Diffusion to grow our population of TCi products in France. We are confident in the team’s abilities to support the forestry professionals of France. We look forward

to a long and successful collaboration.”



ADVANTAGE Best suited to high volumes, steep slopes and challenging terrain conditions. Tigercat six-wheel skidders are field proven with over two decades of real world development in the most demanding extraction operations on the planet.

Scan to learn more

New FAE BL1/SSL mulcher for skid steers starting at 45 hp. FAE introduces a new forestry mulcher for small skid steers: the BL1/SSL/VT for vehicles from 45 to 65 hp, which can shred vegetation, shrubs, and trees up to 10 cm in diameter.


t can be used for vegetation maintenance along roadsides, railroad tracks, the banks of canals, rivers, lakes, managing and protecting wildlife habitats, maintaining vineyards and orchards, commercial and residential green areas and sports grounds.

The head is designed for high productivity, durability, and easy maintenance.

The BL1/SSL/VT’s Variable Torque (VT) piston engine boosts mulcher performance compared to a fixed-cylinder engine, increasing torque when an extra boost of power is needed and minimizing rotor stalling. In the field, the mulcher always operates with the maximum torque needed, for exceptional performance while optimizing fuel consumption. The Bite Limiter technology on this head is ideal for high productivity in managing vegetation, with reliably efficient shredding. The rotor with Bite Limiter technology comes with special wearresistant steel profiles that limit the reach (bite) of the teeth. This cuts down on power demand and promotes a consistent working speed, for excellent performance when mulching any kind of wood. The Bite Limiter technology

also minimizes rotor stalling and helps optimize fuel consumption. The Spike Pro counter blades ensure low power absorption and a finer final product. Spike Pros are interchangeable offset counter blades that enable finer shredding and a smoother flow of wet material. The special design also makes them efficient with very rigid and more flexible vegetation. The flagship features of the BL1/SSL are completed with a high-visibility profile, helping the operator to optimize work, and interchangeable and adjustable skids for greater precision. The new BL1/SSL/VT can be equipped with MINI BL blades or MINI C/3 teeth and is available in a width of 125 cm and 150 cm. MOST IMPORTANT FEATURES • Interchangeable spike pro counter blades for finer mulching • The high-visibility profile helps the operator optimize work • Rotor with bite limiter technology: maximum productivity with minimum power thanks to the special high-resistance steel inserts and bl/mini blades • Vt (variable torque) motor with automatic torque management Applications: • Roadside and railway vegetation maintenance • Canals, rivers, ponds overgrowth cleanup • Environmental, wildlife habitat protection & food plots • Orchard & vineyards maintenance and restoration • Maintenance of commercial and residential green areas

8 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

Cont’d from Page 53 accelerates interconnections to unlock approximately 30 gigawatts of new generation, primarily wind and solar energy.

Investing in America’s electric grid means deploying • In Oregon, the Confederated more clean energy Tribes of Warm Springs • In Florida, the City of Lake Worth Beach (LWB) will deploy targeted improvements to transform the community’s electric grid, including adding an estimated 7 megawatts of solar capacity and enabling the city to retire a 35 megawatts fossil fuel power plant adjacent to the LWB Community High School to help reduce environmental exposure and burdens. • In Illinois, the City of Naperville and its municipally owned utility, Naperville Electric Utility, will deploy advanced software and hardware to accelerate the growth of new generation, storage, and electrification assets being added to the grid to

support the state’s transition to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2050. Efforts are expected to indirectly decrease energy costs for consumers and decrease environmental pollution with growing integration of clean, renewable resources. • A cross the Midwest, the Joint Targeted Interconnection Queue (JTIQ) Transmission Study Process and Portfolio will coordinate the comprehensive planning, design, and construction of five transmission projects spanning seven Midwest states (Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, Minnesota, Missouri, and South Dakota). This coordinated, long-range, interregional project that

Reservation of Oregon and Portland General Electric (PGE) will upgrade transmission capacity along an existing path to connect PGE customers with the currently isolated renewable resources east of the Cascade Mountains, including those on the Warm Springs Reservation— building a bridge to up to 1,800 megawatts of carbonfree solar resources. • In Pennsylvania, GRIP funding for Duquesne Light Company will enhance system capacity to unlock clean energy generation and meet targets established in the city of Pittsburgh’s Climate Action Plan while also reducing energy bills, increasing high-quality job opportunities and training,

and boosting parity in clean energy access and adoption. These are just a few examples of GRIP projects that will not only leverage existing grid technologies, but also demonstrate the effectiveness of state-of-the art technologies and innovative strategies to allow more renewable energy sources to be brought online, laying the groundwork for implementation in other parts of the country. By expanding capacity and improving flexibility, the addition of new clean energy resources, like solar and wind, will be vital in keeping the power on and building a sustainable clean energy future for present and future generations.


Broaden your concept of productivity with the RCU-55 and the RCU-75, the line of FAE compact remote controlled tracked carriers. Powerful, robust, and agile. Everything you need to take advantage of FAE’s efficient forestry mulchers, even in steep and hard-to-reach places. Contact us to find the right FAE product for you:

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 9

Combilift’s CB70E wins Italian Terminal & Logistics Award Combilift pick up award while attending GIS Expo in Italy

EA Group’s Stefano Chimentin (L) alongside Combilift CEO Martin McVicar

Combilift, the global manufacturer of multidirectional trucks, articulated forklifts and straddle carriers has announced that the Combi-CB70E has been honoured with the coveted Italian Terminal and Logistics Award. This prestigious accolade recognises the innovation in the operational field and its commitment to operator

training and safety. The Italian Terminal and Logistics Award is a significant industry recognition, presented annually to highlight the skills of operators in port, intermodal and logistics terminals both in Italy and abroad. The new Combi-CB70E is a further addition to Combilift’s ever growing range of electric models which offers powerful performance, extensive battery life and unrivalled ergonomics.

This model, in the vibrant Combi-green livery, boasts the distinction of being the shortest 7t capacity counterbalance truck on the market whilst also benefitting from multidirectional ability, enabling the versatile space saving handling of both long and bulky loads. Martin McVicar – CEO and Co-Founder of Combilift accepted the award alongside their EA Group partners and said: “We are honoured to receive the Italian Terminal and Logistics Award for the CB70E. This recognition validates our unwavering commitment to innovation, safety, and training in the material handling

industry. The CB70E is a perfect example of our dedication to providing our customers with efficient, eco-friendly, and safe solutions.”

Antti Koulumies to lead UPM Forest & UPM Timber & Sauli Brander to lead UPM Global Forest Affairs Antti Koulumies, M.Sc. (Eng.), has been appointed Senior Vice President, Timber and Forest. Koulumies will take the leadership of UPM Forest and continue to lead UPM Timber. The current leader of UPM Forest Sauli Brander, B.Sc. (Eng.), eMBA, has been appointed Vice President, UPM Global Forest Affairs. He will focus on global forest advocacy as well as global forestry themes, such as climate-positive forestry and biodiversity. Both appointments took effect on 1 September 2023. Koulumies and Brander will continue to report to

Bernd Eikens, Executive Vice President, UPM Fibres, and they will also continue as members of UPM Fibres business area management team. ”The Finnish wood market is in a new situation. UPM Forest and UPM Timber form a system that enables competitive wood sourcing for our mills. Through this leadership rotation, we aim to further intensify collaboration between UPM Timber and UPM Forest and support further development of our Finnish operations. At the same time, global forest affairs are increasingly important for UPM as 60% of the company’s

10 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

Antti Koulumies pulp capacity is now in Uruguay, and wood sourcing outside Finland is increasing. Thus, we have a growing need for expertise related to the latest regulation and science in sustainable forestry,” says Bernd Eikens, Executive Vice President, UPM Fibres.

Sauli Brander

Bernd Eikens, Executive Vice President, UPM Fibres

Tigercat Silviculture Carrier The 630H silviculture carrier replaces modified ag tractors with a purpose-built carrier to pull mounding and plow implements in preparation for replanting operations. Tigercat, a company that has contributed significantly to increased efficiencies in timber harvesting operations, is putting focus on gaining efficiencies in the silviculture side of the forest industry. Many forestry companies struggle to prepare post-

harvest sites for replanting with modified ag tractors. These machines are not always up to the task, often suffering from insufficient power, cooling capacity and structural durability. Tigercat recently released the 630H silviculture carrier to address these deficiencies. Based on Tigercat’s skidder platform, the machine is equipped with hydraulic connectors and several drawbar receiver variations to

adapt to a variety of plow or mounding implement connection points. In addition, the carrier can be equipped with an optional winch and bolt-on fairlead system. The whole package is factory equipped and ready to work. Initial studies conducted by Mexican forestry company, Proteak indicate that the 630H carriers are quicker, more productive, and more fuel efficient than the

ag tractors that they are replacing. Operators are safe and comfortable in a climate controlled cab equipped with an air ride suspension seat and ergonomic armrest mounted controls.

TCi 920 Dozer at CONEXPO Tigercat Industries showed off the 920 dozer at CONEXPO 2023. The 920 is branded under the new TCi badge. The TCi brand differentiates Tigercat’s core forestry machines from the on and off-road products developed for the construction, utility and industrial sectors. All

products falling under the TCi brand are, and will continue to be designed, manufactured, and supported by Tigercat Industries. The TCi 920 is powered by the Tigercat FPT N45 Tier 4f engine rated at 101 kw (135 hp). It is equipped with a 190 mm (7.5 in) pitch heavy duty undercarriage, and a


responsive and efficient closed loop track drive system. As the 920 was initially designed as a forestry dozer, it is built stronger and more robust than an ordinary construction dozer. With impact-resistant belly pans, and durable structural components throughout, it can operate in tougher conditions such as land clearing applications.

The carefully designed cab offers the operator clear sightlines augmented by the sloped front hood and rearmounted exhaust.



Superior triple length measuring accuracy Minimal log damage track feed Popular continuous 360 rotator Unique sensor-free precision saw


T G TrackGrip Inc.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 11

The Deere H423 harvester head can make short work of trees with a chest-height diameter of 150 to 350 millimetres

The new harvesting heads provide excellent performance, durability, measuring accuracy and economy

John Deere H423 & H425 Harvester Heads


ohn Deere recently introduced the new, small-size H423 harvester head and the large-size H425 and H425HD. These new attachments replace the previous H413, H415 and H415HD models. Like its predecessor, these heads have 4WD feed. The H423 harvester head works on the 1070G, 1170G and 1270G base machines and is ideal for thinnings and other fellings, where the tree diameter at chest height (BHD) is 150-350 mm. With improved hose routing from boom to harvester head, and from valve block to feed motors, this attachment offers improved durability, easy hose replacement and improved hose protection with modifications to the frame. It has an operating range of minimum diameter at chest height (BHD) 40 mm to a maximum 500 mm. The H425 harvester head for the larger size class is available on the 1270G and 1470G base machines. This attachment is ideal for final fellings and other fellings where the tree diameter at

chest height (BHD) is 250-500 mm. Also including improved hose routing from loader to harvester head and from valve block to feed motors, the hoses are routed through the frame and well protected within the structures, improving durability. Additionally, the H425HD harvester head added to the H425 model offers an HD tilt frame, expander pins in the upper end of the tilt cylinder, feed motor arms, and lower

Sakari Suuriniemi, delimbing knives. “The new harvesting heads provide excellent performance, durability, measuring accuracy and economy,” said Sakari Suuriniemi, product marketing manager Wheeled Harvesters and Heads at John Deere Forestry. “So far, we’ve received great customer feedback on the latest updates and can’t wait to see the updated harvester heads in action this season.”

John Deere A wide selection of saw motors and saw bars are also available for the H425 and H425HD harvester heads.

Deere’s new H425 for trees up to 500 millimetres in diameter also comes in an H425HD version with an HD tilt handle, feed motor guards, and expander pins

12 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023


John Deere adds Hardened Beaver Tooth Option to forestry Saw Teeth Portfolio • John Deere introduces the one-piece hardened beaver saw tooth to its line-up of aftermarket saw tooth options. • Designed with a beveled feature at each tooth tip, the beaver saw tooth offers increased durability in rocky conditions. • All John Deere saw teeth options are available for purchase through the network of John Deere forestry dealers. Expanding the portfolio of aftermarket forestry saw teeth options for its customers, John Deere introduces the one-piece hardened beaver saw tooth for John Deere Wheeled and Tracked Feller Bunchers. The new beaver saw tooth design boasts a beveled feature at each tooth tip, which helps

improve tooth durability while striking materials other than wood. Not only does this extend the life of the tooth but, also helps increase productivity in rocky conditions where a carbide tooth would not be advisable. “Our saw teeth models have been rigorously tested on real logging jobsites, helping us deliver ideal solutions made to tackle any forestry application head-on,” said William Borrenpohl, Aftermarket

Product Manager, John Deere. “This remains the case for our new beaver saw tooth option, which was strategically designed to offer increased durability in the woods.” As the latest addition to the John Deere saw tooth lineup, the beaver saw tooth is one of four options available to customers and can be purchased in boxes of 18 or 20 teeth. Designed for maximum durability while lowering operating costs, the full line of John Deere saw teeth for Wheeled and Tracked Feller Bunchers are made to help support daily logging operations and applications. Customers interested in exploring the full line-up of John Deere saw teeth can work with a local dealer, who can recommend the right saw teeth

William Borrenpohl, Aftermarket Product Manager, John Deere

for the logging operation at hand. For the latest on John Deere forestry products and jobsite solutions, please visit

one step further!

KDH with WOODY 40



We will be happy to assist you!

KONRAD Forsttechnik GmbH Oberpreitenegg 52, 9451 Preitenegg Phone +43 4354 2432 Mail

Sales Global Günther Satzinger Phone +43 664 80132205 Mail

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 13

Hughes Pacific expands Timberland Holdings in Canada, paving the way for Renewable Wood Fuel Products & Precision Forestry Management Hughes Pacific, a (owned by the Hughes Family Trust of Washington State, USA) is an innovator in sustainable forestry and LiDAR carbon offset project development solutions, has announced a significant expansion of its operations in Canada. The company has successfully acquired mature timberlands in Alberta and British Columbia and unveiled plans to acquire up to an additional 4,000 acres of mature timberland from private landowners across Canada. This expansion will not only support the production of renewable wood fuel products but also bolster the company’s precision forestry management capabilities.

“Our commitment to sustainable forestry and carbon offset project development innovation is at the heart of this strategic move. By acquiring these timberlands,

Hughes Pacific is positioning itself to play an innovative role in the development of carbon offset projects throughout Canada while helping provide renewable energy solutions.” David Hughes Key Highlights: 1. Timberland Acquisitions: Hughes Pacific has completed the acquisition of mature timberlands in Alberta and British Columbia, securing a solid foundation for its operations in Canada. The company is actively seeking additional opportunities to acquire up to 4,000 acres of mature timberland from private landowners across the country.

2. Timber Rights Leases: Hughes Pacific intends to issue timber rights leases to local wood fuel product producers, facilitating the responsible and sustainable harvest of timber resources. This approach ensures that the land is used efficiently and supports the growth of the renewable wood fuel industry. 3. Reforestation Commitment: After harvesting tracts of timberland, Hughes Pacific is committed to

14 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

implementing reforestation efforts, contributing to the long-term health and sustainability of Canada’s forests. The revenue generated from timber rights leases will also be reinvested into acquiring more land over time, creating a sustainable cycle of forest management. 4. Precision Forestry Management: Hughes Pacific is set to enhance its precision forestry management solutions by incorporating LiDAR services into the carbon offset market through means of easier accessibility to land owners. This technology will provide better accuracy in monitoring and managing timber resources, enabling the company to optimize its operations and minimize environmental impact. With its expanded presence in Canada, Hughes Pacific is well-positioned to assist in the development of carbon offset projects using LiDAR. Historically, LiDAR critical has weak points & strong points for providing data for carbon offset projects. Hughes Pacific will utilize its new timberland as test sites to develop hybrid strategies and techniques to overcome weak points of LiADR solutions in the carbon offset market.

These projects are crucial in addressing climate change and preserving the natural beauty of Canada’s landscapes. Hughes Pacific’s dedication to sustainable forestry practices and innovation, coupled with its commitment to supporting the renewable wood fuel industry and carbon offset projects, underscores its mission to be a responsible steward of Canada’s forests. About Hughes Pacific: Hughes Pacific is a leader in sustainable forestry and carbon offset solutions, with a strong commitment to environmental stewardship and responsible land management. The company operates with a vision to create a sustainable future for Canada’s forests while contributing to global efforts to combat climate change. Through its timberland acquisitions, precision forestry management, and participation in being a liaison during carbon offset projects, Hughes Pacific is actively working towards a greener, more sustainable world.


Perkins has developed a 13-litre next-generation diesel engine manufacturers still face expectations for long-term productivity and reliability in the world’s most demanding work environments,” said Jaz Gill, Vice President of Global Sales, Marketing, Service and Parts. “The new Perkins 2600 Series engine platform demonstrates how we’re leveraging our experience, intelligence and commitment to help OEMs navigate the energy transition with power solutions that deliver exceptional performance on the worksite.” A new era in Perkins engines Perkins recently announced the development of its new 2600 Series, a new 13-litre diesel engine platform designed to achieve best-in-class power density, torque and fuel efficiency for heavy duty offhighway applications. Available in 2026, the Perkins 2600 Series engine platform is designed for demanding requirements in construction and other off-road applications. The new platform extends Perkins’ mid-sized engines with eight power ratings from 456 to 690 hp offering up to 3,200 Nm of peak torque. Industrial open power units configured with engine-mounted aftertreatment and cooling packs will also be available from the factory to reduce installation and validation costs for original equipment manufacturers. Validation phase To date, engineers have completed more than 20,000 hours of design validation on the 13-litre engine platform. It will be available for early OEM pilots in 2025, with commercial production scheduled to begin in 2026. It is ideally suited for dozens of off-highway applications, such as tractors, combines, wheel and track loaders, excavators, dozers, lift trucks and large industrial pumps and compressors. “As the off-highway industry advances toward a lower-carbon future, equipment

To date, Perkins has been granted 82 patents across the entire engine platform. It is designed to perform at altitudes of up to 3,660 metres, and in extreme ambient temperatures as high as 60 C and as low as -40 C with aids. The engine supports reliability and easier maintenance through numerous design enhancements, including the integration of components as well as a reduction in the number of leak joints by more than 45 per cent. Together, the upgrades result in lower fluids consumption and extended oil and fuel filter service intervals as long as 1,000 hours, reducing operating costs and downtime. As well, the 2600 Series engines will offer telematics solutions enabling OEMs to collect, analyze and integrate key engine performance data within a connected intelligent platform. By modularizing and eliminating components, its architecture is spaceprotected to accommodate configuration adjustments anticipated for future tiers of emission standards without relocating customer connection points.

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International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 15

BID Group to acquire YGE Inc. BID Group has announced the successful completion of its acquisition of YGE Inc. This strategic transaction further enhances BID’s product offering within the wood processing saw and tooling sector, while also extending BID’s industry-leading product and service offerings across the entire operational life cycle. YGE Inc stands as an innovative supplier and service provider specializing in top-tier saw guides, grinders, and critical consumables catering to the wood processing industry. Located in St Raymond, Quebec, YGE is a trusted partner, having forged strong bonds with BID’S

product lines, projects, and manufacturing facilities across North America. “We are excited to reach this agreement with our longtime partners YGE and the Guillemette family. This marks another important step in meeting our valued customer demand for modern, high quality and innovative saw and tooling technology solutions. This partnership builds on previous investments in Smith Sawmill Services, BLADE cutting tools, and the recently announced acquisition of Industrial Cutting Solutions in Alabama. “, said Simon Potvin, BID’s President, Wood Processing.

Simon Potvin, BID’s President, Wood Processing “I am pleased to be able to transition our business with the BID Group.”, said Yvon Guillemette, Owner of YGE. “I would like to thank our team for their dedication and hard work to build YGE over the years. I am confident this partnership will provide our employees, suppliers, and customers with enhanced

Yvon Guillemette, Owner of YGE opportunities and benefits.” The transaction formally closed on Oct 1, 2023

SCA becomes sole owner of Gällö Timber AB SCA and Persson Invest began their collaboration around Gällö Timber and the sawmill in Gällö, Jämtland in 2010. Since 2010, significant investments have been made in the sawmill to develop its operations and strengthen its competitiveness. Today, the sawmill has 115 employees and a capacity of 370,000 cubic meters of sawn timber. SCA is Europe’s largest private forest owner with 2.7 million hectares and, with its forest holdings at its core, has developed a wellinvested industrial operation with sawmills, pulp mills, and manufacturing of packaging paper. By acquiring Persson Invest’s share in Gällö Timber, SCA strengthens its position as one of Sweden’s leading producers of sawn timber. Persson Invest is a familyowned conglomerate based in Östersund. The group has a turnover of about SEK 8 billion and employs around 1,350 people. The company

has six business areas where the sale of cars, trucks, and buses are the two largest in terms of turnover and number of employees. Persson Invest owns approximately 140,000 hectares of forest and operates timber processing in the company Valbo Trä, with three facilities that together have a turnover of about SEK 1 billion. SCA and Persson Invest will continue to collaborate after the transaction, including by delivering sawn timber to Persson Invest’s operations and purchasing raw forest materials from Persson Invest’s forest holdings. “By acquiring the remaining part of Gällö Timber AB, we further strengthen SCA’s sawmill operation and continue the strong collaboration we have with Persson Invest. Through the investments we’ve made in Gällö together with Persson Invest, we have enhanced the operation’s competitiveness and secured local jobs” says Ulf Larsson,

16 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

CEO of SCA. “The collaboration around Gällö Timber has been and continues to be fruitful. Together with SCA, we have developed an almost 150-yearold sawmill business into one of the most competitive in Sweden. We look forward to continuing our collaboration as a customer and supplier for a long time to come,” says Bob Person, Chairman of Persson Invest. Before the transaction, SCA owns 50 percent of the capital in Gällö Timber AB. SCA acquires the remaining 50 percent from Persson Invest AB. The transaction will take place during the first quarter of 2024. For further information, please contact: SCA Press Office, +46 60 19 33 01 Björn Rentzhog, CEO of Persson Invest, +46 70-301 02 62

Ulf Larsson, CEO of SCA

Bob Persson, Chairman of the board, Persson Invest


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SCA & Holmen see good opportunities to develop the sawmill in Rundvik On October 28, 2022, SCA and Holmen communicated that the companies intended to carry out a feasibility study for a jointly owned sawmill in Rundvik, Västerbotten County in Sweden. SCA and Holmen have now conducted the feasibility study regarding a jointly owned sawmill. The study shows that the conditions to jointly create a large-scale and competitive operation are good. Work now continues to evaluate the

different development options that have been identified. Holmen produces sawn and refined wood products for joinery, construction and builders’ merchants. Following the acquisition of Martinsons in 2020, Holmen also offer customised solutions in CLT and glulam for climate-smart, large-scale wood construction. SCA is Europe’s largest private forest owner with 2.7 million hectares and, with its forest holdings at its

core, has developed a wellinvested industrial operation with sawmills, pulp mills, and manufacturing of packaging paper.

Canfor invests $200M to build new mill in B.C. Canfor Corporation has announced that it will be investing approximately $200

million to build a new state-ofthe-art manufacturing facility in Houston, B.C. This low cost,

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18 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

high efficiency facility will have an annual production capacity of approximately 350 million board feet. Don Kayne, Canfor president and CEO, said in a statement that “this decision comes following a comprehensive evaluation of customer requirements and a careful evaluation of the availability of economic fibre in the region to support a successful investment.” “We have the plan, the people and the know-how to build a best-in-class facility that showcases BC workers, suppliers and technology,” he added. Kayne also says that work will begin immediately on detailed project engineering and permitting requirements. Vendor and equipment selection will be finalized in early 2024, with demolition and site preparation scheduled for the spring. Planning, construction, and commissioning of the new facility is expected to take

Don Kayne, President & CEO

between 28 and 32 months depending on contractor availability and equipment lead times. Earlier this year, Canfor announced that it is temporarily closing its Houston sawmill for an extended period to facilitate a major redevelopment on the site.


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West Fraser to acquire Spray Lake Sawmills West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (“West Fraser” or the “Company”) (TSX and NYSE: WFG) has announced that it has entered into an agreement to acquire Spray Lake Sawmills located in Cochrane, Alberta subject to certain post-closing adjustments. The transaction is anticipated to close later this year following completion of Canadian regulatory reviews and satisfaction of customary conditions. Spray Lake Sawmills produces treated wood


products, dimensional lumber and a variety of innovative wood residuals and biproducts. It has an annual lumber capacity of 155 million board feet and holds two Forest Management Agreements granted by the Government of Alberta with a total Annual Allowable Cut of approximately 500,000 m3. “We are excited to welcome Spray Lake Sawmills to the West Fraser family,” said Ray Ferris, President & CEO West Fraser. “Spray Lake Sawmills

has an experienced, dedicated group of employees who we will look to further the legacy of this proud mill. With its solid safety performance, and focus on sustainability and community, the mill is an ideal fit for West Fraser.” The CDN$140 million acquisition enables West Fraser to grow its footprint in Southern Alberta and expand its Canadian treated wood business, while providing access to a high-quality timber supply.

Ray Ferris, President & CEO West Fraser

High Country Lumber and Mulch receives USNR Bioluma hardwood grade optimizer

High Country Lumber and Mulch is replacing their current optimization system with USNR’s Bioluma Sawmill Grade Optimizer on their trimmer, which will improve recovery through a highly configurable system that best fits their needs. The Bioluma grade optimizer offers sawmills the highest value optimized decisions based on grade and recovery performance.


igh frame rates and high-resolution imagers create stunning visual images and precise geometric measurements, which can then be processed through the optimization system to give extremely accurate grade processing solutions quickly. This is particularly important

20 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

in hardwood trimming applications where correctly identifying each defect can substantially increase product value. “Day after day, we see good wood going to the chipper based on our current optimizer’s decisions. The intent is to keep that wood

and the dollars it represents in our pocket and not in the chip pile.” - Scott Greene, Mill Owner, High Country Lumber and Mulch USNR is proud to work with High Country Lumber and Mulch on continued efforts to improve their mill.

Millwide. Worldwide.


• Block control (optimization for chipper or ripsaw) • Edger • Trimmer • Classifier (Sorter, Dimensional control)

Complete systems for dimensional & profile measurement in sawmills LIMAB was founded about 45 years ago and has a long tradition of developing and manufacturing laserbased technology.


hey supply 2D ProfiCura and 1D PreciCura laser sensors and complete systems for dimensional and profile measurement in sawmills, panel production and steel mills. Headquarters and manufacturing plant is located in Gothenburg, Sweden. LIMAB has regional offices in the USA, UK, and Germany as well as approved distributors and partners in other regions. BoardProfiler is the system for the wood industry that was developed more than 30 years ago, and it has to date been sold to more than 250 customers. They call their latest version of the system BoardProfiler 3D, which today is available in four versions. The great thing about our system is that the software is almost identical for all versions, which has proved interesting for several customers as they have invested in both edger and trimmer in their lines. All versions are also available for transverse and longitudinal processes.

22 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

LIMAB BoardProfiler is easy to install, takes up little space in the process, is easy to integrate with sawmill automation systems and has a simple and easy-to-understand software. The sensors they use are their own 2D sensor, ProfiCura 170, 600, 700 or 800. Each sensor with a high resolution of 640 measuring

points across the line. The number in the series indicates the length they have on the laser line that measures the block or board. In that way, they can optimize the measurement and use the sensor that provides the best measurement performance and consequently the highest yield. LIMAB also produce a length gauge, the LMS 6048 to measure length of boards in transversal process.

BID Group to acquire Industrial Cutting Solutions solutions, we are pleased to continue incorporating saw and tooling technologies into our BID Turnkey, wood process systems, and aftermarket support offerings.” said Dustin Norris, Vice President, Smith Sawmill Service Dustin Norris, Vice President, Smith Sawmill Service BID Group has announce it has entered into an agreement to acquire Industrial Cutting Solutions. The transaction deepens BID’s geographic and product offering in the wood processing saw and tooling segment and further expands BID’s industry-leading operational life cycle product and service offerings. Industrial Cutting Solutions is an innovative supplier and service provider of high-quality saws and critical consumable products to the wood processing industry. Located in Buhl, Alabama, Industrial C Cutting Solutions is ideally positioned to meet growing M customer demand for wood Y processing saw supply and CM service. “We are excited to partner MY with the Houston family and CY the Industrial Cutting Solutions CMY team. This marks another important step in growing withK our valued customers demand for modern, high quality and innovative saw and tooling technology solutions. Together with Smith Sawmill Service and BID’s BLADE cutting tool

“We are pleased to join industry leaders BID and Smith Sawmill Services.” said Keith Houston, Industrial Cutting Solutions. “I would like to thank our team for their dedication and hard work. We are confident this partnership

will provide our employees, suppliers, and customers with exciting opportunities and benefits for years to come.” The transaction is expected to close in Q4 2023 and is subject to customary closing conditions.

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Ledinek to deliver a new generation planer line to Moelven Edanesågen AB, Sweden

for larger cross-sections of external profile elements. High automation and integration and a new higher capacity machine will increase the productivity of the new line. The centrepiece of the line is the Stratoplan, with a machining speed of up to 400 m/min. The 10 spindles, combined with the integrated tool measuring and positioning system, allow short set-up times and rapid flexibility of the entire line. To improve

For a long-standing customer Moelven Edanesågen AB from Sweden, part of the Norwegian-Swedish Moelven Group, which produces wood elements and systems for the construction sector, Ledinek will manufacture and deliver a new planer line for exterior elements. As part of a major investment at the Edane site in Sweden, a new production line for planing and sorting will also be built.


hey were chosen as a strategic partner in this project because of their ability to provide all key equipment from their own production along with the entire design, implementation and optimization process. The new line will replace the two older lines at this site and will take over the production programme of the adjacent site. The products from this line

will go to the Norwegian and Swedish markets. Ledinek has been manufacturing some of the fastest planing machines for 25 years. The new generation of machines, called Stratoplan, allows four-sided planing and profiling of boards up to 300 mm wide. The new fourth generation Stratoplan, introduced this year, offers even greater profiling capacity

24 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

efficiency in smaller crosssections, the Splitcut machine, which allows horizontal cutting of workpieces into thinner boards, further increases the capacity of the line. Due to the high processing capacity of up to two boards per second, the entire line is optimized for automatic operation, including the evaluation and sorting processes. Additional processing by profiling the ends of the boards will increase the value of the products.

Stacked packages will be automatically bundled and protected. This new line will allow faster flexibility and greater capacity for a variety of products, enabling the customer to produce high volumes of products at lower cost. The planned line will be the most powerful production line for this type of product once it is operational.

The first CLT panel pressed at the NeXTimber facility

NeXTimber by Timberlink presses first CLT Panel begins taking orders


imberlink’s NeXTimber facility has pressed its very first Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) panel, marking another significant milestone in the construction of Australia’s only combined CLT and GLT (Cross Laminated and Glue Laminated Timber) radiata pine mass timber facility. The commissioning of this CLT line follows production

of the facility’s very first GLT beam in August 2023. David Oliver, Timberlink Chief Marketing, Sales & Corporate Affairs Officer said “The entire team has been working towards this moment since we announced construction of the facility in 2020. To see the hard work of so many come to fruition is very rewarding.”

Patrick Dark, Timberlink CLT/GLT Operations Manager, said “There was such an air of positivity when the panel came off the line. Everybody who has been involved in the installation, testing and commissioning of our NeXTimber equipment should be proud of what we’ve accomplished.” The newly commissioned CLT line, co-located at Timberlink’s Tarpeena, SA, manufacturing facility, can produce panels up to 16M long and 3.5M wide and will unlock significant capability to manufacture mass timber building products in Australia. Mass timber products like CLT and GLT offer an alternative to traditional construction materials and can help to reduce the embodied carbon of a project. The NeXTimber by Timberlink team are now

David Oliver, Timberlink Chief Marketing, Sales & Corporate Affairs Officer

accepting orders for CLT and GLT as the facility is scheduled for full production by the end of this month. To learn more visit

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 25


Sawing from the Inside Out: CT Log’s Impact on the Hardwood Industry

T In a September webinar, Norvin Laudon, Director of MiCROTEC Vancouver, presented a gamechanging innovation that promises to reshape the hardwood industry.

he webinar focused on MiCROTEC’s CT Log, a groundbreaking x-ray scanner that internally scans the log, revealing hidden defects such as knots and splits. Recently installed at Cascade Hardwood in Chehalis, Washington, USA, this revolutionary approach allows optimization of the lumber breakdown: significantly increasing both value and volume recovery and essentially automating the grade sawing process. Laudon’s insights shed light on the potential of CT scanning to redefine the way wood is processed and bring unprecedented benefits to the industry.

26 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

The Concept of Sawing from the Inside Out Laudon introduced the concept of CT X-ray scanning, highlighting its ability to delve into the inner characteristics of logs. Laudon explained, “CT Log can look inside logs and find things like knots and splits, and virtually grade the lumber, to come up with the best sawing solution. By determining the best log rotation and the correct thicknesses, the highest final grade of the sawn lumber is achieved. What we’re really talking about is automated grade sawing.” One of the most compelling aspects of CT scanning, as highlighted by Laudon, is the

notion of “sawing from the inside out.” This approach allows mills to gain insights into the internal structure of a log before making any cuts, enabling informed decisions regarding its utilization. By utilizing the data obtained from the CT Log’s scan, mills can optimize products for value rather than mere volume, ultimately enhancing the overall lumber breakdown process. Laudon elaborated, “The idea of CT scanning is ‘sawing from the inside out.’ That term actually came from one of our first CT Log customers. What they meant by that is being able to see what’s inside a log before you cut it and decide what to do with it.”

Close-Coupled Layout and the Significance of Knowing What’s Inside Laudon provided an overview of how the CT Log integrates into the workflow of hardwood mills. Typically, the CT Log is linked to the sawmill, positioned just outside the facility. Every incoming log undergoes CT scanning, then moving to the designated decks near the breakdown equipment. The crucial component in this process is the headrig scanner, MiCROTEC’s Logeye Stereo, which plays a pivotal role in recognizing the logs based on the CT Log’s scan data and positioning them accordingly. Laudon outlined the process, stating, “The basic process involved: 1. Scanning the log, 2. Reconstructing it, and then 3. Optimizing it. Once it’s optimized it 4. Heads for execution.” The value of knowing the internal characteristics of a log cannot be overstated. Laudon emphasized that this knowledge allows for optimal value and volume recovery. In MiCROTEC’s extensive testing, they found that understanding the log’s content is as crucial for higher volume yields as it is for achieving higher graded lumber value. This insight has far-reaching implications for grade sawing applications.

Laudon emphasized, “If you know what’s inside the log you can optimize not only the value of lumber but the volume of the log. The fact is, you’re getting more volume of lumber out of the same volume of logs.” Redefining the Role of Sawyers In traditional mills, sawyers often rely on their experience and judgement to make crucial decisions during the sawing process. However, CT scanning technology transforms their role into that of optimizer and operators who execute predetermined solutions. This shift allows for greater control over production and eliminates the variability associated with individual sawyers because the decisions have been taken away from the sawyer and given to the scanner. Increased Recovery and a Promising Future for Wood Processing Laudon shared compelling realworld results from recent tests conducted with the CT Log. The technology led to a significant increase in both grade and volume recovery. In one example, a mill that previously processed 10 truckloads of logs per day and processed it into 5 truckloads of lumber saw an increase in volume recovery that allowed for 6 truckloads

of lumber from the same logs. Additionally, the grade increase meant that each truckload leaving the mill carried a 12% higher value lumber. The economic implications of adopting CT X-ray scanning technology are profound. By increasing the recovery and value of lumber, mills can significantly boost their profits. Laudon presented an example of a mill producing 30 million feet of lumber per year with an average sales price of $1500 per thousand board feet, equating to about $45M in gross sales per year. Laudon concluded, “When you factor in the recovery and value increase of 20%, in the case of hard maple, that equates to $9M/ year in profit. Each year after the investment is paid off you have increased profit.” As mills embrace this innovation, they not only stand to increase their profits but also ensure a more efficient and reliable production process, ushering in a promising future for hardwood processing. Laudon’s parting words, “We haven’t really found any defect that the CT Log can’t see, which is exciting. I’ve been in scanning for 25 years now in sawmills and until now, haven’t had the opportunity to work with a scanner that can see everything.”

CT Log can look inside logs and find things like knots and splits, and virtually grade the lumber, to come up with the best sawing solution. By determining the best log rotation and the correct thicknesses, the highest final grade of the sawn lumber is achieved. What we’re really talking about is automated grade sawing. Norvin Laudon, Director of MiCROTEC Vancouver

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 27

SAWLINES USNR’s new Sidewinder log turner handles 3” to 24” diameter logs at speeds up to 700 FPM with higher turn accuracy and lower maintenance costs. When paired with their advanced PGLR turn optimization and correction system, this piece of equipment is one of the best log-turning systems on the market.

USNR’s new Sidewinder log turner maximizes throughput in mills USNR showcased their new Sidewinder log turner at the Forest Products Machinery & Equipment Expo in Nashville at the end of August. It’s designed to accurately rotate logs and provide precise transition control with smaller gaps between logs. It’s particularly equipped to handle large logs from the South and short, knotty logs from Canada.


Features & Benefits

USNR’s advancements in optimization have modernized the Sidewinder and created one of the best log turning systems on the market. The Sidewinder can be used in the same applications as a Quad Roll or Ring Turner, and features industry-leading log positioning accuracy while using less energy than other systems.

• Accommodates smaller log gaps than other turning systems

Overview The Sidewinder accepts a log from the AR conveyor, rotates the log to an optimum position, and feeds the log to the primary infeed. The Sidewinder follows the primary infeed to ensure a smooth log transfer. As the log proceeds through the rolls, the four rolls tilt in unison to rotate the log. The optimizer will determine the amount and duration of the tilt. As the log is being rotated, a rotation correction scanner, located between the two pairs of rolls, compares the cross sections of the log in real time, and sends updates on the log’s actual rotation angle to the turning system.

28 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

• Provides accurate log rotation with a precise transition control system • Handles logs between 7- and 20-feet long, with 3- to 24inch diameters • Turn accuracy within 4.5 degrees at 600FPM, 36% (2.5 degrees) more accurate than other systems • Open framework for easier maintenance and access from the top • A 50% roll force increase compared to Quad Roll designs • Massive reduction in substeel requirements leads to cost savings • Reduced maintenance and upkeep costs How it works A log entering the Sidewinder arrives on an AR Conveyor, after passing through an upstream scanner. The scanner tells the Sidewinder how to position the rolls and rotate the incoming log. To accept the incoming log, a side shift system moves the upstream rolls to better line up with the log. The rolls

adjust to the vertical position and set for the width of the incoming log. The downstream rolls will side shift to smoothly accept the incoming log from the upstream rolls and open slightly wider than the leading end of the incoming log. The downstream rolls turn to match the angle of the upstream rolls. An upstream photo eye, located along the AR Conveyor, is used to time the clamping sequence of the Sidewinder’s rolls. This information is sent to an RMC. Once the log is between the rolls, the squeeze system will close the rolls on the log. A cushion cylinder ensures consistent contact with the log, and a centering link ensures the rolls remain centered. Log rotation can begin immediately once the log is clamped by the upstream rolls, and will continue to rotate until released. The turn cylinders can tilt the rolls up to 20 degrees clockwise or counter-clockwise for quick and accurate rotation. USNR’s Precision Geometric Log Rotation (PGLR) optimizer communicates with the turn cylinders to make fine adjustments to the log’s rotation in real time. The rolls will release the log approximately 12 inches from the trailing end of the log. Once the log is clear of the rolls, the Sidewinder will prepare to accept the next log.

Jartek to supply high speed drysorting line to Ipowood Ipowood with Jartek makes investment to the future

HALCO AD:Layout 3


for the project started years ago and activity increased past year. Positive investment decision is a good example for long term business and courage to invest in challenging market situation. Project consists of proven standard and with few new innovative solutions, which we tell more when the time is right. Big thanks for Ipowood. Important and great project ahead”, says Kari Puustinen, Director, Sales and Development.


urnkey delivery includes Jartek inhouse mechanical and automation solutions. The objective of the concept design was to combine effectiveness and simplicity. Ipowood wanted to build a new modern drysorting line, since the existing one was at the end of its technical era and didn’t meet future expectations. With this investment Ipowood ensures that the new line will be ready for future demands for example sawing capacity increase. “Project is a great continuum for other sold Finnish projects”. Preparation 17:22

Tommi Lähteinen, CEO IIsalmen Sahat Oy ”At final meters there was intense competition with suppliers from several different countries. Above all, we are looking for high capacity and we believe that Jartek will deliver us the best package”, says Tommi Lähteinen, CEO IIsalmen Sahat Oy. Installation will start at the end of 2024 and line will start spring 2025.


Project is a great continuum for other sold Finnish projects. Preparation for the project started years ago and activity increased past year. Positive investment decision is a good example for long term business and courage to invest in challenging market situation. Project consists of proven standard and with few new innovative solutions, which we tell more when the time is right. Big thanks for Ipowood. Important and great project ahead. Kari Puustinen, Director, Sales and Development

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Vancouver, Canada • Tel: 1 604 731 9311 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 29

SAWLINES BID’s Comact Branded Trimming Line

BID’s Trimmer SmartTool: Detecting Sawing Anomalies with AI Precision

Pioneering progress in Wood Processing: BID Group’s Trimmer Line


n the realm of wood processing, where precision, efficiency, and quality reign supreme, BID Group stands at the forefront of innovation. With a commitment to redefining industry standards, BID Group provides cuttingedge solutions that promise to revolutionize lumber production. From a flexible and precise trimming line to a game-changing Trimmer SmartTool driven by Artificial Intelligence, and the Smart Vision technology designed to enhance efficiency along the trimming line, BID’s advanced technologies are reshaping the wood processing landscape.

Innovation in action: BID’s Trimmer Line BID’s trimming line is a true game-changer capable of processing up to 250 pieces per minute. What sets the trimmer apart is its unmatched flexibility, accommodating both simple and double arbor configurations for handling varying lengths of wood. Notably, it excels in the production of non-standard pieces, making it a versatile choice for all lumber producers. The trimmer’s precision and agility is second to none, thanks to servo motor-driven saw positioning for infinite cutting solutions, enabling adjustments with pinpoint accuracy. Another remarkable feature is the line shaft system, where a single motor powers the entire saw bank, providing more horsepower per individual saw. Furthermore, the integration of the Smart

30 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

Gate system at the trimmer’s output ensures high-quality products by sorting pieces at a rate of 140 to 160 per minute, sending the low volume products to an alternate sorting, reman or stacking line that can then be managed by BID’s AI-Powered robotic automation. Another interesting feature of the trimming line is the state-of-the-art cut-in-two system which processes the cut boards to a multitude of sorter configurations, ensuring accurate sorting capacity without compromising line performance. BID’s Trimming line is a testament to their commitment to pushing the boundaries of wood processing technology. Its flexibility, precision, and innovative features make it an indispensable technology for modern wood processing facilities, setting a new standard for efficiency and product quality in the industry.

BID Group continues to offer solutions that redefine efficiency and precision. The Trimmer SmartTool, powered by Artificial Intelligence (AI), is poised to revolutionize lumber production by swiftly and accurately detecting sawing anomalies, eliminating the need for manual quality checks, and ensuring exceptional product quality. This groundbreaking tool employs BID’s advanced AI vision technology to identify board origins, assess quality, and pinpoint defective or misaligned cutting tools. It is a pivotal component of the SmartTool Quality Control Suite, enhancing operational intelligence across production lines. Most notably, the Trimmer SmartTool boasts a patented capability, automatically identifying the specific cutting tool responsible for processing a board’s face, simplifying the detection of cutting accuracy issues. Integrated software computes vital statistics such as sawing deviation, bevel, and thickness/width taper, presenting data through user-friendly dashboards and reports with custom alarms and email notifications for timely issue awareness. The Trimmer SmartTool seamlessly integrates with Comact optimizers’ highprecision measuring devices, ensuring consistent product quality, reducing the need for recurrent quality checks, and enabling efficient control of sawing dimensions. This powerful AI-driven anomaly detection system, supported by BID’s 24/7 service, is a gamechanger for lumber production.

The Trimmer SmartTool Dashboard showing real-time dimension variations based on board’s origin BID’s Smart Vision for the Trimming Line: Enhancing Efficiency and Reliability From the trimmer unscrambler to the trimmer outfeed, lumber production can face challenges like jams and blockages due to stacked or skewed boards. BID Group’s Smart Vision technology, designed for the trimming line, offers a comprehensive solution to mitigate these challenges effectively. In the trimmer unscrambler, Smart Vision can swiftly detect stacked boards and distinguish them from single boards or timber. This information triggers mechanical actions through the PLC, such as fast jogging, to unscramble the board stacks and prevent crossed boards before reaching the lug loader. This reduces the need for human intervention and enhances production

Skewed Board

flow, a task that conventional photocell sensors alone cannot achieve. Integrated into the trimmer lug loader, Smart Vision optimizes board loading by identifying problematic boards before they are loaded. Parameters like loading speed and board feeding are adjusted in real-time to ensure seamless operations and minimize downtime. Smart Vision can also be added to the trimmer infeed, detecting anomalies such as skewed boards, broken boards split in two, boards between lugs, and double boards in the same lug, replacing the need for photocell sensors and manual intervention. At the trimmer outfeed and sorter infeed, Smart Vision continues to detect issues, including skewed boards, broken boards, boards that

are too short, and those too far from the line bar, thus replacing traditional photocell row detection systems. Furthermore, Smart Vision can be integrated into the stacker infeed/outfeed, ensuring accurate stacking, identifying anomalies like gaps between boards, overlength or underlength boards, stacked boards, and broken boards. It even counts boards to prevent missing or fallen pieces. These applications are linked to the PLC, enabling timely alarms to notify issues and prevent equipment stoppages and breakages. In critical cases, the line can be halted to avoid major production problems. BID’s Smart Vision technology for the trimming line enhances efficiency, reliability, and automation in lumber production,

Board Too Short

ensuring smooth operations and minimizing disruptions caused by board stacking and anomalies. The future of wood processing holds promise and potential, thanks to these transformative technologies. BID Group is committed to pushing the boundaries of wood processing technology to shape the industry, ensuring a more efficient and precise future for lumber production. Contact us to learn more about those technologies at

Broken Board

Smart Vision Use Cases International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 31


Presenting the new Finscan 900

Perfect evolution: Combining the patented Finscan mirror system with the MiCROTEC 3D technology.


he trusted Finscan efficient transverse multi-sensor quality scanner becomes Finscan 900, an ideal combination and transformation for sharpened performance. The new Finscan 900 features a MiCROTEC 3D module with in-house developed Crometic cameras, ensuring full-length real thickness measurement and enhanced wane detection. Thanks to the new uniformed

colored lamps customers also benefit from a refined color measurement. An

additional advantage is the full integration of the Finscan 900 with the MiCROTEC Ai platform

and MiCROTEC Connect as well as a new optimization software and statistics. With the smart construction of the new MiCROTEC 3D module, this evolution is also available as an upgrade to the current Finscan version - providing the same customer benefits. Customer benefits Finscan 900 & Upgrade in short: • Enhanced wane detection • Full-length real-thickness measurement • Full integration into the MiCROTEC Ai platform & MiCROTEC Connect • New optimization software & statistics

MiCROTEC initiates second stage of global one-brand strategy


trategic corporate functions are centralized, customer-relevant functions are further expanded locally. Since May 2022, all companies have been united under the MiCROTEC brand. The company brands will continue to be managed as product brands in the joint product portfolio. MiCROTEC thus strengthens its competencies

in the area of cross-process scanning and optimization solutions for the wood processing industry - from log to final product. For the Linköping site in Sweden, the global “One Brand-One Product Portfolio” strategy means that the next step in the company’s positioning and organization is being taken. This step involves prioritizing and focusing on

32 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

the domestic market. “As part of the MiCROTEC Academy, we have already launched a training program for our employees in Sweden to extend the knowledge and expertise within the complete product portfolio and will now intensify this further,” explains Stefan Nilsson, CEO of MiCROTEC Linköping. Key areas of the company, such as research and development, will be centralized at headquarters. Frank Jöst, CEO of MiCROTEC, concretizes: “ Innovation has been one of the central success factors of the brand since the foundation of MiCROTEC. Therefore, we want to strengthen this important area sustainably. Locally, we will dedicate ourselves even more intensively to customer needs.

Stefan Nilsson, CEO of MiCROTEC Linköping

Frank Jöst, CEO of MiCROTEC

Our partner LOAB in Sweden will continue to operate together with us in the market area.”

Harvester Heads

More productive Heads hit market

The H8 head can be mounted on PONSSE’S Ergo and PONSSE Bear, the strongest harvesters in its product range. The saw box area is wider than before, making the harvester head a good choice for trees with a high butt diameter.

Productivity and precision combine to deliver best crop of harvester heads yet for the cut-tolength market


onsse has a long history of manufacturing harvester heads. The first PONSSE harvester head was made in Vieremä in 1986. PONSSE harvester heads have been designed to withstand even the toughest conditions. They are characterised by a simple and solid structure which enables them to be used in various harvesting

applications from harvesters to track-based solutions. Each harvester head model is designed on the basis of efficiency, durability and ease of use. Harvester heads must withstand extreme conditions while operating accurately and as gently as possible without damaging the trunk surface unnecessarily.

All PONSSE harvester heads are manufactured and designed at the Ponsse factory in Vieremä. The design process is comprehensive and covers, in addition to mechanical parts, operating controls and software. The manufacturing process is highly automated to ensure high quality and measuring

The PONSSE H8 HD Euca harvester head International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 33

accuracy. The frames of harvester heads are machined from a single piece after the welding assembly. This guarantees the highest quality with excellent precision. Durable hoses and delimbing knives form an important part of reliability. Ponsse’s selection includes 10 different

harvester heads for different conditions from thinning to regeneration felling and processing. The basic product features in all models include powerful feeding as well as quick and efficient sawing. The harvester heads can be adjusted according to the trees harvested and the

base machine used, ensuring smooth operations and a long service life. Their strong grip and accurate measuring system ensure excellent measuring accuracy.










34 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023


he PONSSE H7 HD is a very robust 4 T and strong harvester head primarily for large wheeled harvesters and tracked based machines. The structure is based on the popular H7 model, but it has been reinforced for the special operating conditions of track-based machines. 5 PONSSE H7 HD Euca is designed for processing and debarking eucalyptus trees. Thanks to its excellent geometry, the H7 HD Euca works well with big trees. Suitable for both wheeled and track-based machines.

1 The PONSSE H5 is a multipurpose harvester head especially suited for efficient thinning. he PONSSE H6 is praised as the best 2 T multipurpose harvester head on the market. It’s suited to a variety of uses, ranging from thinning sites with small trees to regeneration felling. he PONSSE H7 is a compact, robust 3 T and powerful harvester head for demanding regeneration felling and later thinning work.

ew sturdy PONSSE H8 harvester 6 N head represents the largest and most powerful harvester head range for wheel-based Ponsse harvesters. Its solid structure and advanced functions make H8 an extremely durable and economical tool, with which harvesting is efficient. Thanks to it´s shape it also features superior winter features with minimized snow packing. The Ponsse H8 is available with Active Speed variable feeding speed system. he PONSSE H8 HD is a robust 7 T harvester head with high power and excellent geometry for demanding

conditions. The H8 HD is designed for demanding use on large track-based machines with a powerful hydraulic system. Also available with a top saw. he PONSSE H8 HD Euca harvester 8 T head has been designed for the PONSSE Bear harvester, but especially it is ideal solution for track-based machines. The H8 HD Euca is an effective tool in forests where the diameter of eucalyptus stems can be up to 50 cm. 9 Strong power, reliable structure and accurate control in the same package. PONSSE H9 is excellent in processing but suits felling and multi-stemming processing very well. PONSSE H9 head is a real multifunction head. Fast, effective, rational and most important productivity. A harvester head of this size class has never been this versatile. he PONSSE H10 is the largest 10 T harvester head in the selection, suitable for processing large diameter trees. With a very robust structure, the H10 is designed for track-based machines weighing over 25 tonnes. In spite of its size, the H10 is not only suitable for processing but also felling.

PONSSE HH360 rotator for harvester head


onsse launches new PONSSE HH360 harvester head rotator. The new rotator is an innovative solution in which the harvester head can rotate 360° degrees freely without limitations. With PONSSE HH360 the hoses stay in a fixed position from crane tip to rotator, all the time. Now launched rotator enables the harvester head rotating freely without worry about unexpected downtime caused from twisted hoses. “We’ve developed an innovative solution by listening to our customers’ needs. The rotating harvester head speeds up processing wood, makes working easier for the operator and reduces hose failures,” says Janne Loponen, Product Manager for harvester heads. “Compared to competing

JANNE LOPONEN, Product Manager, Harvester Heads products, the rotator is strong, powerful and above all, energy efficient, and Ponsse has exclusive rights to the product in forest machine use,” Loponen continues. The powerful and exceptionally energy efficient PONSSE HH360 rotator is available for H6, H7, H8, H7 HD, H8 HD, H7 HD Euca, and H8 HD Euca harvester heads

when installed as a loose head installation. All PONSSE harvester heads are designed to withstand the toughest conditions. They are characterised by a simple and solid structure which is why they can be used in various harvesting applications. Comprehensive design applies to both mechanical components and the electronic

control system, controls, and software. The manufacturing process is highly automated, guaranteeing a high level of quality and measuring accuracy.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 35

of the “saw bar home” sensor has been optimised for easy access during maintenance. On the 30cc version the saw valve is mounted directly to the motor which greatly increases responsiveness. Improved Multi-Stemming Unit MK2:

Log Max 5000V: The ultimate Harvesting Head for unparalleled logging performance The logging industry demands reliable and efficient equipment to tackle the toughest challenges in harvesting operations. Introducing the Log Max 5000V, a state-of-the-art harvesting head that combines durability, agility, accuracy, and intelligence to revolutionise logging worldwide. With its reinforced design, advanced features, and improved servicing capabilities, the Log Max 5000V sets a new standard for modern and powerful harvesting heads. Durability and Cutting Performance: The Log Max 5000V boasts a reinforced frame designed to withstand the most demanding logging applications. The slimmed-down saw box enhances performance in snowy conditions, ensuring optimal cutting efficiency. Equipped with the new 318 MK2 - 30cc saw, this harvesting head delivers fast and troublefree cutting up to 74cm, guaranteeing exceptional cutting performance. Measuring Precision and Simplified Maintenance: Accurate measurement results are crucial in today’s harvesting operations, and the Log Max 5000V meets this requirement 36 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

with its redesigned measuring unit. The length measuring unit incorporates smart features, including a contactless sensor, easier lubrication, and durable tapered bearings. Furthermore, the harvesting head’s improved accessibility, wellorganised hoses, and grease nipples facilitate simplified maintenance and servicing. Enhancements and Updates: To enhance the Log Max 5000V’s durability and longevity, several updates have been implemented. The design of the measuring wheel hole has been improved, reinforcing the stoppers for the feed roller arms inside the frame, thus increasing strength and stability. The length measurement function has been significantly improved through the introduction of a new measuring wheel unit with a larger wheel, ensuring superior measurement accuracy. Advanced Saw Unit: The Log Max 5000V incorporates the enhanced saw unit 318 MK2 19 cc (True-Cut) or 30 cc, carefully designed to optimise work processes. Upgrades include a more robust saw bar mount with protective covers and rubber seals, ensuring protection against dirt and moisture. The saw bar holder now utilises premium-grade Hardox 450 material, offering increased strength and longevity. Additionally, the placement

The Log Max 5000V’s multistemming unit has undergone a redesign, resulting in reduced weight, increased lifespan, and simplified serviceability. The relocation of cylinders and improved hose protection increase durability and minimise the accumulation of snow and dirt. Enhanced Four-Point Measuring MK2: The Log Max 5000V’s fourpoint measurement MK2 features new components and functions to excel in harsh conditions. The introduction of a contactless encoder in the lower delimbing knife enhances its lifespan and simplifies maintenance. The lower delimbing knife now incorporates an “Active Lower Knife” function, increasing lifting power and optimising tree holding capability. Additionally, the design modifications, such as a new axel nut and improved cable routing, enhance durability and reduce the risk of snow and ice packing. Conclusion: The Log Max 5000V represents a groundbreaking advancement in the logging industry. With its unparalleled durability, cutting performance, precise measurement capabilities, and simplified maintenance, this harvesting head sets a new benchmark for productivity, efficiency, and reliability. Experience the power of the Log Max 5000V and unlock its potential to revolutionise your logging operations.

Keto Harvester Heads

Keto 360° Continuous Rotator Always 360° rotation!

Get on track with the Keto Harvester best suited to your logging needs! From small scale thinning to roadside processing of

large, heavy trees, Keto harvester heads offer a wide range of capabilities.

Here is a selection of Heads available to whet the appetite.

Keto 51 Series


The nimble and versatile Keto 51 series machines are ideally suited to thinning operations. They offer a single cut felling diameter of 14 inches

Ideal for hardwood harvesting and processing. The Keto660C2 offers a single cut felling diameter of 622 mm and runs on 200+ hp machines.

All new Keto Harvesters come equipped with a Keto 360° continuous rotator. As a result, the harvester head rotates freely around the tilt in either a clockwise or counter clockwise direction, no ifs, ands, or buts. Keto has patented certain design features of the rotator, like it has done in the past with features unique to the Keto brand, setting it apart from the competition. Complete rotation results from all cables and hoses passing through the rotator. This includes electrical cables, hydraulic oil, stump treatment liquid, and urea. The special design ensures that oil and chemicals will never mix with each other. The benefits of this set-up involve savings in cost and time. Some of the advantages include: • Shorter, simpler hose settings. • Hoses do not wrap around the tilt. • Very high load carrying capacity. • No more pulled cables or wires. • No excess, dangling hose lengths to cut or damage with the saw. • Less hose movement and snagging resulting in less wear and tear on hoses and fittings.



Two knife arms allow fast roadside processing with a single cut felling diameter of 830 mm.

Three knife arms are ideal for large diameter felling operations with a single cut felling diameter of 830 mm.

• Simple design that is easy to remove for servicing. The 360° rotator expedites felling operations in many ways. Continuous rotation means operators can approach trees from any angle. Additionally, there are no hose bundles interfering with surrounding trees. All this makes operation faster and more productive. The 360° rotator functions on an external motor via a pinion and gear system. Thus, the rotator itself has few internal wearing parts, meaning less service needed. The external motor drive provides high and constant torque levels throughout its lifetime. The standard setup provides approximately 1550 lbft (2100Nm) at a pressure of 2900 psi (200 bar). Higher torque levels may be available on request. The Keto 360° rotator provides high, continuous torque throughout its life. The installation bolting pattern follows the industry standards. Additionally, most non-360° rotators can be replaced by the Keto 360° continuous rotator, including those on other head brands. There are several models to choose from, depending on the harvester head size.

We have been involved in this Keto continuous rotator project since day one. We are running them on a bunch of Keto heads, each getting 100 hours per week, over 4000 hours per season. Today, we have the total of over 30,000 hours on these rotators, and they work very well. No more old hose issues, more rotating power, fool proof electrical swivel, simple and compact unit – there is no way going back to the old setup. DESMOND MAJOR, MAJOR’S CONTRACTING, DEER LAKE, NL, CANADA International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 37

our customers expect and need from Waratah,” said Brent Fisher, product marketing manager for Waratah. “Additionally, with new twin diameter measuring and improved hose routing, servicing and guarding, we’re looking forward to delivering another head that is truly Built To Work®.”

Increased productivity

Waratah’s HTH618C Series-III Waratah’s HTH618C Series-III – a new generation of its HTH618C harvester head built for increased productivity, reliability, uptime and more. With a variety of new features paired with a compact and durable design, this agile thinning

The Komatsu S92 is an established and popular harvester head with a reliable and servicefriendly design. The 2024 model upgrade introduces several new functions and improvements that make the head even more reliable and productive, including a brand-new Constant Cut saw unit.


s the basis for the upgrade is requests from users of the harvester head and the response to the improvements has been positive from customers who have tested. “Continuous improvement is part of our DNA. One of our most popular heads, the Komatsu S92, will be even more reliable and productive in the forest,” says Mikael Forsberg, Product Manager for Harvester heads at Komatsu Forest. Among the new benefits, the improved measurement

head is well-suited for mixed diameters. “The HTH618C Series-III is highlighted by a new valve that delivers more responsiveness and operating efficiency. This Series-III model delivers what

The HTH618C Series-III features twin lower delimb arms and a high-performance valve to ensure superior delimbing with agile and responsive log control – tackling a wide range of harvesting jobs. The maximum delimb opening of 660 mm (26 in.) can handle larger stems. Improved cutting performance and tilt control also contribute to increased productivity. Low-powered base carriers will have improved processing output and productivity with improved feeding performance and feed

Major upgrades to popular harvesting head characteristics stand out. The new design enables the measuring wheel to follow the contours of the stem more closely, providing excellent measurement characteristics. A major new feature is also the new intelligent saw motor controller, Constant Cut, which now becomes standard on the S92, and ensures that the head maintains a constant and high chain speed without the risk of overspeeding. The Find End function now has a new design and together with new mechanical stops at the rear knife this extends the service life of the head. The new feed system reduces

38 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

energy losses and enhances the head performance, and an improved hose routing simplifies servicing the feed system. For even better service friendliness, all lubrication points are now easily accessed with the head in an upright position. The colour marking tanks have been redesigned to provide easier access for filling and the multi-tree handling function has a new, more durable design which results in a lower and more agile head. “The response from customers who have tried the upgraded head has been positive only with comments

motor options.

Simple servicing With a new valve that simplifies serviceability, the HTH618C SeriesIII features improved hose routing, enhanced valve cover assembly and easier access to make quick work of servicing. Likewise, hose protection helps keep the head running and increases durability. Easier access to the rear of the valve near the head module as well as inlet hoses also helps increase uptime while a larger oiler filler improves ease of filling bar and chain oil. Benefitting from direct customer input, the HTH618C Series-III has improved access and serviceability to help lower daily operating costs.

Mikael Forsberg, Product Manager for Harvester heads at Komatsu Forest

such as that the feed speed is really good, the geometry of the saw box and the position of the saw bar makes the cutting much faster and increases production significantly, the new knife control on the lower knife is very good and the clamping of the stem is perfect, and that the entire head is much improved compared to previous versions,” says Mikael. In addition to the above and several other improvements, the head has also been equipped with a new head computer that enables future development opportunities.

KONRAD Harvester Heads Complete range includes WOODY: WH40-1, WH50-1, WH6, WH60-1 & WH70-1 The harvester WOODY has been top of the tree for more than 25 years with its versatility and productivity. The unique and patented geometry of the WOODY framework also enables the processing of broadleaf trees and crooked timber. The constant technical development considering needs from industry and customers is perhaps another reason beside its robustness and reliability why the WOODY is highly regarded throughout the world. The areas of use of the WOODY are very big and reach from an ordinary fitting on excavators to combination machines like MOUNTY and HIGHLANDER.

WOODY WH40 The head for thinning work with grapple function

The tiltable feeding unit is the unique feature of the KONRADharvester heads and completes the family in the first thinning

segment. If mounted on a compact excavator or KONRAD thinning harvester – WH40 always has proven its quality. The feed rollers of the 2-wheel drive always work in optimum position and maximize traction thanks to adaptive parallel bar. The automatic knife pressure reduction in relation to diameter and tree species as well as the delimbing knives geometry maintain an excellent delimbing result. The sophisticated hydraulic system of WH40 is located almost entirely in the frame unit for easy access for maintenance work. Sensors always work precisely and deliver correct measurements to control system KTC.

Thinning Harvester KDH with WOODY WH40-2 Is there an economical solution for first thinning work in forests? The KONRAD Thinning Harvester (KDH) with WOODY WH40-2 answers the following question: Is a first thinning economical? With the tracked harvester KDH from KONRAD Forsttechnik GmbH it certainly is. The add-on system enables an individual customer configuration tailor made for their needs. For example, the tiltable upper carriage and cabin keeps the operator levelled in steep slopes. An optimized main boom for an improved kinematic, as well as the arm telescopic extension with hidden hose routing

further improves reach and productivity. Further useful options such as climbing support bars mounted on the tracks, a hydraulic winch on the main boom, the powerboost-hydraulic-accumulator or an additional rear weight completes the KDH offerings. The purchase- and operational costs stay economical even with that versatile offer. A low weight and compact design make transports simple and easy.

Our advantages: • Low acquisition and operating costs • Optimized lift arm • Tilt device for upper carriage

WOODY WH60-1 The robust allrounder The frame design from WH60-1 was further improved. The hydraulic 4-wheel drive with mechanical differential lock has always excellent traction no matter it is hardwood or heavy mountain wood.

The unique patented frame geometry of KONRAD harvester heads allow an excellent handling of hardwood and crooked trees. A newly designed parallel bar on the feed roller arms balances uneven stem surfaces perfectly and the feed wheels have outstanding traction independent from stem diameter. The smart frame bracket design improves the grapping in steep slopes and assures a relatively long frame in the tilt up position. Thus controlled felling of big trees is easy. Beside the automatic chain tensioner and the photo sensor the KONRAD endless rotator as many other innovations come as standard on WH60-1.

• Power boost – hydraulic accumulator • Climbing aids at the chain drive International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 39

is best matched to Tigercat 822 series carriers. 575

The Tigercat 570 harvesting head with the optional fixed 340-degree rotating wrist.

Tigercat Harvesting Heads Tigercat harvesting heads are built to match the high-performance capabilities of Tigercat track and wheel carriers and are well suited to a variety of jobs including at-the-stump harvesting, roadside processing and debarking.

570 The 570 is most productive working with trees 15-50 cm (620 in) in diameter in softwood and hardwood stands. The 570 is designed to work with the H822, H845 and H855 carriers, or a 20-25 tonne forestry excavator. With optional hydraulically timed processor knives, the 570 can also be used for roadside processing. The 570 is available with a fixed wrist for applications where positive control when felling high value trees and trimming large limbs is required. The fixed head design combines two proven technologies – the Tigercat 570 harvesting head and the Tigercat 340-degree wrist. The 340-degree wrist is field-proven in felling head applications where maximum dexterity and positive control are required. A wrist-float feature is standard for the 570, allowing the head to align more

40 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

easily to the tree for felling and feeding. The float function is fully adjustable to suit operator preference. The 570 fixed head has proven effective in selectcut harvesting applications, particularly for high-value hardwood, where positive control is needed to position the felled tree to reduce damage to standing timber. It

The 575 is a heavy duty three-wheel drive harvesting head best suited to in-stand harvesting in the 18-56 cm diameter range. It is very effective in tough applications and difficult stem profiles including large limbed hardwood and crooked trees. With optional mechanically timed processor knives for easier picking, the 575 is also an excellent roadside processing head. The 575 features Tigercat’s unique three-two AutoshiftTM drive system. When processing a tree, the head starts in threewheel drive, maximizing feed force for faster acceleration and quickly powering through bigger trees. As the load drops, it automatically shifts to two-wheel drive, improving efficiency and increasing feed speed up to 30%. Both the 570 and 575 use larger diameter hoses and larger capacity valves than similar class heads to match the greater hydraulic flow and power of Tigercat harvester carriers. 568 The 568 harvesting head is a robust, high performance head designed for tracked carriers. It is best suited for road-side processing applications, with trees in the 15-55 cm (6-22 in) range.

The Tigercat 568 harvesting head with AutoshiftTM drive system

With timed knife arms and triangulated wheel arms, the 568 can quickly pick and maintain positive tree contact and control. The patented four-two Autoshift drive system provides extra power and positive grip when feeding large trees, fast speed in smaller trees, and full manual control when desired. Knife arms feature doubleedged, replaceable blades with optimal contour for clean delimbing. The front floating knife with spring preload follows the contour of the tree, further enhancing delimbing performance. Other features of the 568 include optional continuous rotation with conventional boom or throughthe-tip hose routing, laser diffuse or through-beam find end sensors, colour marking and various feed wheels.

534 The Tigercat 534 harvesting head is matched to Tigercat’s 1165 harvester and sized for optimal productivity in a 15-50 cm (6-20 in) stem diameter range. The 534 is a locked three-wheel drive head with a triangulated wheel arm design to maintain positive tree contact and control. Four cast steel knife arms, along with a fixed front and back knife, provide excellent delimbing quality. Optional mechanically timed front knife arms assist with picking from piles when processing. Tigercat D7 control system All Tigercat harvesting heads use the Tigercat D7 control system. There are two types of bucking control available for D7. Priority-based bucking logic utilizes a list of operator-

All Tigercat harvesting heads use the D7 control system entered log specifications. D7 Optimization level uses a value-based logic. Both Tigercat D7 Priority and Optimization levels offer StanForD Classic, StanForD 2010, and PDF production reporting. Reports can be viewed onscreen or exported for later analysis. D7 also

sends production volume data to RemoteLog®, Tigercat’s optional telematics system. When equipped with a GPS receiver and the GeoInfo software, D7 provides an active navigation application using the machine’s current position on a georeferenced map.

Tigercat Mulchers Tigercat mulching products are used across many industries including land clearing, silviculture, and forest management, including fire mitigation — wherever highly mobile, durable and reliable carriers are required for rugged terrain, high duty cycle applications, extreme temperatures and high levels of airborne debris.

The Tigercat 480B mulching in Brazil

480B mulcher The 480B is a powerful, robust mulcher, able to tackle the toughest terrain with ease. Tigercat heavy duty build quality provides superior durability with high uptime for large-scale, timesensitive right-of-way and site preparation projects. The 480B is equipped with an efficient, high-capacity

cooling system with a variable speed fan and automatic reversing cycle, a dedicated attachment pump, and an efficient closed loop track drive system. The Tigercat FPT C13 engine provides 411 kW (552 hp. Inside the cab, the operator has ergonomic electronic joysticks and excellent sightlines.

470 mulcher Utilizing the same Tigercat build quality and superior durability, the smaller design of the 470 makes it well suited to right-of-way and site preparation projects where a narrow, agile machine with extremely low ground pressure is required. Zero tail

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 41

The powerful Tigercat 760B with 4061-30 mulching head doing post-harvest silviculture preparation in South Africa swing, even with the optional recovery winch allows the 470 to manoeuvre in tight areas without disturbing surrounding trees. The Tigercat FPT C87 engine provides 275 kW (370 hp) and has a closed loop drive system, providing the optimal balance of speed and tractive effort, with performance and efficiency. The one-piece high lift boom, along with the stability of the long track frames, gives the 470 an advantage when working on sloped terrain. With the counter-rotate function (CRF), the 470 and 480B can pivot about their center axis effortlessly ‘on a dime’ for easier turns at the end of a row. The heavy-duty steel engine enclosure and precleaner guard eliminates the requirement for a rear canopy. All structural components are designed for full time forest duty. LED lighting along with front and rearVIEW camera systems are standard equipment on the track mulchers. M726G mulcher The M726G is a 275 kW (370 hp) class mulcher well suited to vegetation management, land

improvement and silviculture applications. Tigercat built forestry-grade axles provide tough off-road durability, and come in a wide variety of configurations supporting single and dual tire installations to maximize performance in tough terrain. A large attachment pump provides high flow to the mulching head, all important in mulching applications. The optional multi-function hydraulic package with a quick attach boom adapter allows the M726G to be quickly converted from a mulcher to a feller buncher by swapping out the mulching head for felling saw. The cross-flow cooling system delivers optimal airflow to a high-capacity cooling package -- essential in dry hot regions with high dust levels. 760B mulcher The 760B is a 411 kW (552 hp) class mulcher carrier designed primarily for silviculture applications. Forestry companies require the capability to efficiently clean up residual post-harvest forest debris and grind stumps to ground level for quicker replanting and thus shorter rotations.

42 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

In stable, well-drained soil types, a high horsepower wheel driven machine has many advantages over track driven mulchers including quicker travel speeds, lower operating costs and the ability to run a wide mulching head for improved coverage and wider swaths, increasing quality and productivity. The 760B is standard equipped with boom float, ground level fueling and Tigercat’s WideRange transmission. The operator’s station was designed with operator comfort in mind, with a climate-controlled seat, Bluetooth audio connectivity and ergonomic controls. The rearVIEW camera system is standard on both wheel driven mulchers. All Tigercat mulchers feature a boom float system that allows the mulching attachment to automatically follow the contours of undulating terrain, increasing production and efficiency. 4061 mulching heads The 4061 mulching heads are manufactured to Tigercat’s exacting high standards for robustness and quality. The 4061-30 is a 3 metre (118 in)

wide mulching head that can be used on the 480B and 760B mulchers. The 4061-25 is a 2,5 metre (98 in) wide head, best suited to the 480B and M726G mulchers. The housing features reinforced side covers and abrasion resistant skis. The housing is optimized with debris door cylinders mounted internally for protection and contains position references to aid in ski alignment. Poly chain eliminates belt slip and provides efficient power transfer to the rotor, lowering maintenance time and costs associated with conventional v-belts. Regular maintenance is a snap, maximizing uptime. Large removable side panels give access to the drive belts and sprockets. Many removable panels on the head provide excellent access to all service points. Features such as bolt-in wear liner and reversible anvils all help to increase overall uptime. 4161-15 swing to tree mulching head The newest addition to the Tigercat mulching head line is the 4161 swing to tree mulching head. The 4161-15 is a 1,5 metre (59 in) heavy-duty swing to tree mulching head is optimized for use on Tigercat 800 series carriers. The 4161-15 uses many field proven components common to other Tigercat mulching heads. There is a choice of standard drum rotor or feed control rotor with depth gauges in front of each tooth to control the cutting depth, reducing load on the machine. The rotor design is similar to 4061 series mulching heads. Tool choices include standard carbide, heavy-duty rock resistant carbide, and hardened steel knife style. The 4161-15 pivots 130° (+/- 65°) left or right on a hydraulically controlled wrist.

Hydraulic hoses to the head are routed through the open boom tip of the carrier and connected to a manifold in the wrist. This routing minimizes exposed hoses, aiding in reducing wear and damage. When paired with the Tigercat LX830E, this minimal tail swing, leveling machine is highly effective at fuel load management and fire mitigation on steep slopes and tight areas. The 4161-15 mulching head, when paired with the LX830E is a highly capable steep slope mulcher

Bandit BTC-300 Track Carrier



he BTC-300 is the next evolution for Bandit high-performance land-clearing track carriers with interchangeable forestry mowers and stump grinding heads. It features a deluxe, climate-controlled operator’s cab that tilts for easy maintenance access. Cabs are fully ROPS/FOPS/ OPS certified and comfortable, with all machine functions controlled from an air-ride captain’s chair. The BTC-300 rides on a proven CAT 315 steel-track undercarriage for exceptional all-terrain capability. The 90” mowing attachment easily clears brush and small trees, or switch to the 44” diameter stump grinding attachment for aggressive stump removal. Customers can choose from a John Deere 300 or Caterpillar 321 horsepower engine providing ample power to either attachment.

• CAT 315 steel track undercarriage • C limate-controlled with airride captain’s chair • R OPS/FOPS/OPS certified operator’s cab • J ohn Deere 300 or Caterpillar 321 horsepower engine options • 9 0” wide mulcher attachment with 46 teeth • 4 4” diameter stump grinder attachment with 64 teeth OPERATOR COMFORT The ROPS/FOPS/OPS certified cab on the BTC-300 provides ample room and visibility giving operator’s high comfort while mulching or stump grinding. The air ride suspension seat with adjustable armrests accommodates operators of various sizes. Ballistic-grade polycarbonate glass ensures protection from debris that may accidently hit the window. Thermal insulation reduces outside noise keeping the inside of the cab quite while regulating air temperature. A heating and air conditioning system comes standard as well.

POWERFUL TRACK UNDERCARRIAGE A Caterpillar 315L steel track undercarriage with single or double grouser track pads are available. The wide track stance enhances turnability and with a travel speed of 3.3 MPH the unit can get to the worksite quickly and efficiently. The BTC-300 has two separate hydraulic systems (one for the attachments and one for the tracks) so if an issue arises with an attachment the track system will work. MAXIMIZE YOUR UPTIME The BTC-300 is designed to be easier to work on with all common maintenance items easily accessible. The cab tilts to the side for easy access and serviceability. Each attachment uses quick coupler hydraulic

lines so switching between attachments can be done in under 10 minutes. HIGHLY EFFICIENT The hydraulic system on the BTC-300 is designed for maximum productivity during mulching or stump grinding. The mulcher head features holders with a raker regulating the cutting action ensuring a smooth, aggressive cutting action. The large diameter stump grinder attachment features a wide array of teeth and the proper cutter wheel RPM to power through stumps with ease.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 43

C275 Forestry Mulcher

C120 Forestry Mulcher



he C275 is a mid-sized forestry mulcher that delivers 275 hp (205 kW) in a compact, low ground pressure package. This mulching machine is suited for clearing small trees, underbrush, and a variety of unwanted vegetation across a wide range of environments. The heavy-duty steel undercarriage and powerful final drives allow operators to tackle difficult terrain with confidence. Rayco’s exclusive elevated cooling design keeps engine and hydraulic temperatures within their limits in the harshest of environments. To minimize maintenance, a reversing fan can be activated from the cab to clear the limbriser debris screens. This helps to extend service intervals even when operating in hot, debrisfilled environments. When manual cleaning of the debris screens is necessary, they are easily removable and the rear door opens to allow unrestricted access to the debris screen and engine radiator.

The cabs are climate controlled and sealed from dust and debris to maintain operator comfort. Operators appreciate the high-backed, heated seat with adjustable armrests and air-ride suspension. For safety, the cab is certified to meet ROPS, FOPS, and OPS specifications and is equipped with a roof-top escape hatch. High-output LED work lights and a backup camera enhances rearward visibility.

FEATURES AND BENEFITS • Powerful 275-hp CAT diesel engine • Rayco-exclusive elevated cooling system • Reversing fan for upper coolers • Heavy-duty undercarriage • Remote track tension system with tension monitor • 2-speed ground travel • Hydraulic rear winch • Hydraulic cab tilt • Certified ROPS/FOPS/OPS Cab • Rear view camera • Heated seat w/air-ride suspension • Roof-top escape hatch • High-output LED work lights • Available with Predator mulcher head or Hydra-Stumper cutter head.

Certified ROPS/FOPS/OPS Cab with Heated Seat w/Air-Ride Suspension 44 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

ayco’s C120 Forestry Mulcher is the answer if you’re looking for a purpose-built mulcher but need the versatility of rubber tracks. It rides on a 17.7-inch (450 mm) wide steel-imbedded rubber track. A reliable, 120-HP (89.4kW) Cummins diesel engine supplies power, while Rayco’s exclusive Super Flow, closedloop hydrostatic system delivers mulching power not found in ordinary Compact Track Loaders. Purpose-built for mulching, the C120 features a heavy-duty rear door, hydraulic winch, and Rayco’s exclusive elevated cooling design, which places engine radiators in both the rear of the engine compartment and in the limbriser for maximum cooling performance in the harshest climates. The cab is certified ROPS/OPS/ FOPS with escape hatches in the roof and rear window.

FEATURES AND BENEFITS • 120-hp Cummins QSF3.8L T4F diesel engine • Super flow hydrostatic circuit for mulcher head • Mulcher head with 6-foot cutting width • High/low flow aux hydraulic circuit for attachments • Purpose-Built Forestry Mulcher • Hydraulic cab tilt for easy access to critical components • Rear mounted hydraulic winch • Elevated cooling system for hydraulics and A/C • Reversing fans (engine & limbriser) • 17.7-inch rubber tracks (C120R) • Steel tracks (C120S) • High/low travel speed with optional 7mph FAST Track (FAST Track option only available on C120R) • 3-Bar street pads optional on C120S

SEPPI forestry mulchers and how they’re used in forests


t was 1980 when SEPPI M. developed the first forestry rotor, representing a revolutionary innovation in the forestry industry. Today, forestry is SEPPI M.’s core business, and SEPPI forestry machines are used for numerous purposes: Small and medium-sized forestry mulchers for 30-240 HP tractors are ideal for woody undergrowth maintenance, thinning, clearing debris after cutting, removing branches and bushes and cleaning paths. Specifically, the models are MICROFORST pto, MINIFORST, MIDIFORST, MIDIFORST dt which are fitted with fixed hammers. These carbide-tipped tools rapidly mulch wood up to 30 cm in diameter, with minimal wear. An additional centrifugal clutch allows soft rotor start and stop, thus protecting the mulcher and tractor drives. Options such as the guard frame, “ADAM” gear tilting system, or rakes on the

guard frame can be individually selected depending on the model and work conditions. One of the most important challenges in recent years has been the bark beetle. It should be noted that mulchers neither combat nor eliminate bark beetles, but rather prevent or reduce their presence. The aim of a mulcher is to clean the area, make it accessible for additional works and possible mechanisation, and prepare the area for new seeds. Mulchers enter the remains of felled and dried wood to finely mulch them, clear the land and prepare it for new plantations. Mulching helps the soil acquire more humus and acidity, thus preserving its moisture: All of this has a positive effect on forest crops and speeds up replanting. Since bark beetles spread very rapidly, even mulching becomes a genuine battle over time. Residual wood should be cleared as soon as possible. That’s why these days, large and powerful forestry mulchers are used. These ensure the highest efficiency and performance in a short period of time to eliminate most of the wood in one go. Medium-power mulchers, but also high-performance forestry

mulchers such as STARFORST and MAXIFORST, are also used for other activities such as felling trees, mulching stumps, removing rotten and fallen timber, as well as stormand fire-damaged timber up to 60 cm in diameter. This equipment is also suitable for improving forests with paths and vegetation-free firebreaks. With MAXIFORST, the drive system can be equipped with additional protection: M-TURBO hydrodynamic turbo couplings. These couplings protect the drive components of both the mulcher and the tractor in case of sudden rotor stops, and also allow a soft start. It is now possible to select a new rotor featuring exclusively hammers with an aggressive carbide tip - the MONO TIP V-LOCK system. This rotor is even more effective on large stumps and thick trunks. The advantages of the new MONO TIP V-LOCK ROTOR are less wear, better balance, simpler tool changeover and an optimised tool-support connection (hammer seat).

CUT CONTROL is our latest generation of rotors with MINI BLADE or MINI DUO hammers and relative limitation of the cutting depth. As with a chainsaw, this ensures the rotor never stops and makes for much smoother mulching. In addition to the new design and ADAM gear tilting system supplied standard, these forestry mulchers are now even better equipped against wear. Inside their housing, they are equipped with wear-resistant steel plates that can be replaced. We are already familiar with this feature since it is used in SEPPI’s stone crushers and forestry tillers. The V-belt housing with material deflector and sliding guides in low-wear hardened steel also protect the machine against wearing. SEPPI M. has a solution for all tractors, regardless of their power. The forestry machines range from 30 to 500 HP. Most forestry mulchers are also available in a hydraulic version for connection to excavators, skid loaders or larger hydraulic tractors.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 45

Ready to clear the way to better vegetation management? There’s one name in the industry to turn to.


enis Cimaf manufactures industry-leading highperformance brush cutter-mulcher attachments for excavators, skid steers, forestry tractors, graders, and other types of heavy equipment. They manufacture two main lines of attachments: the DAH series, industrial mulching attachments for excavators, and the DAF series, attachments for skid steers and other dedicated carriers. Denis Cimaf mulching attachments serve a wide range of purposes and industries, including forestry mulching, land clearing and improvement, vegetation management, clearing for firebreaks, roadside maintenance, right-of-way clearing, pipeline maintenance, site clearing and preparation, and more. Efficiency and Quality at the Core Denis Cimaf was founded by Laurent Denis and his wife,

Monique Vaillancourt in 1998 in Roxton Falls, Quebec, Canada. It was acquired by Morbark, LLC in December 2018. Manufacturing of the Denis Cimaf mulching attachments moved to the Rayco Manufacturing facility in Wooster, OH in early 2021 to meet ever-increasing market demand for both the DAF and DAH attachments. Manufacturing of the Denis Cimaf attachments is closely monitored at the Wooster facility and held to the highest standards of quality. Every Denis Cimaf mulching attachment passes through multiple quality checks, inspections, and balancing of the rotor before it is determined ready to go out into the field. Robotic welding units help produce consistent and quality welds, building a stronger and more durable end product. In addition, every Denis Cimaf head is finished with a powder-coat paint that provides durability and a smooth, even finish that is resistant to the elements and withstands the test of time.

46 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

This attention to detail and investment in manufacturing technology are just some of the reasons why Denis Cimaf mulching attachments are the most powerful, productive, and efficient mulching attachments on the market. DAF Front-Mounted Mulching Heads The DAF family of Denis Cimaf mulching heads can be installed on most skid steers or excavator carriers. The DAF brushcutters and mulchers are designed for vegetation control work. Whether that be land clearing projects for new

developments, site preparation and vegetation waste removal, land improvement, trail and logging road grooming, or precise right-of-way clearing, Denis Cimaf DAF front-mounted mulching attachments can be used in a wide range of industries and applications. There are six models of skidsteer mounted attachments available, with the smallest model requiring a minimum carrier horsepower of 75 HP, and the largest requiring a minimum of 250 HP. There truly is a Denis Cimaf head to suit every carrier. Standard on all Denis Cimaf DAF mulching heads are sharpenable, bolton forged blades, optional hydraulic pushbar, and a bolt-in wear liner.* DAH Boom-Mounted Mulching Heads The Denis Cimaf DAH mulching head is a high-powered, forestry brush cutting-mulching system that can be installed on most excavators or other carriers with articulated masts. DAH brush cutter-mulchers are designed for intensive vegetation control work, rightof-way, and powerline clearing that is otherwise difficult to

Continued on Page 48

Cont’d from Page 4

The rich can go a Iong way to saving the planet Arguments against the world’s richest contributing to climate change funds: Voluntary vs. Government Responsibility: Some argue that addressing climate change should primarily be the responsibility of governments through policies, regulations, and taxation, rather than relying on voluntary contributions from wealthy individuals and companies.

Effectiveness: Critics may question whether voluntary donations from the richest can make a significant impact on global climate issues compared to systematic changes in policy and industry practices. Wealth Redistribution: While contributing to climate change funds can address climate issues, it does not necessarily address broader issues of wealth inequality. Some argue that more systematic approaches, such as progressive taxation, are better suited to wealth redistribution. Accountability: There may be concerns about how funds donated by the wealthy are

Launch event to kick off Ponsse’s and Epec’s FORWARD’27 programme


onsse and its technology company Epec have embarked on the FORWARD’27 ecosystem programme, which targets the research and development of responsible and environmentally friendly solutions for mobile work machines. FORWARD’27 is a joint programme of Ponsse’s and Epec. It was granted EUR 10 million funding by Business Finland in the challenger competition for leading companies in the spring of 2023. In total, the funding received by the program is up to 30 million euros, when the ecosystem of companies

and actors built around the program receives its share of the funding. The goal of the programme is to promote export growth in Finland through research and product development. Current and potential ecosystem partners for the FORWARD’27 programme were invited to a launch event in Tampere on 19 September 2023. Closer look at the roadmap The launch event offered a great opportunity for both current and potential ecosystem partners to discuss and learn more about FORWARD’27 and its possibilities. The experts from both Ponsse and Epec introduced in more detail the four-point roadmap of the program, the goals of which are focused on researching and developing responsible and environmentally friendly solutions in the field of mobile work machines.

allocated and whether they are used effectively to combat climate change, leading to calls for greater transparency and accountability. Ultimately, the question of whether the world’s richest should contribute to climate change funds is a complex one with varying perspectives. Many people and organizations argue that both individual contributions and systemic changes are necessary to effectively address climate change. It is likely that a combination of efforts, including financial contributions from the wealthy, government policies, and global cooperation,

The roadmap’s various themes aim to solve the technology and commercial challenges of off-road vehicles through ecosystem projects. The projects evolve around the programme’s themes, which are Autonomous Solutions, Sustainable Power, Data-driven Solutions and a Sustainable Supply Chain. Five-year programme The aim of Ponsse’s FORWARD’27 programme is to push the sustainability of mobile work machines to another level. This includes significantly reducing emissions from mobile work machines themselves or the manufacturing stage, cutting energy consumption and improving productivity, while maintaining or improving quality at the same time without tiring the operator. “In the field of mobile work machines, there are several sustainable development targets. We hope to benefit the entire industry in the long run through this programme and its results,” says the CEO of Ponsse, Juho Nummela. “This five-year programme is a great opportunity for Ponsse and Epec to foster collaboration in Finland.

will be needed to tackle the challenges posed by climate change comprehensively. * Forbes World’s Billionaires List 2023

Together we create cuttingedge innovations for ecosystem partners and the entire industry,” says Epec’s CEO Jyri Kylä-Kaila. Building up the ecosystem A wide ecosystem is built around the FORWARD’27 programme, which consists of companies and other partners such as universities and research organisations. The first members of the ecosystem have already been found. “The programme has gathered a lot of interest, and the last few months have been busy since I’ve discussed the possibilities of the FORWARD’27 programme with various parties. The ecosystem is starting to form at a good pace, and many interesting cooperation patterns are emerging. However, it still isn’t ready, which means that new partners will be welcome now and, in the future,” says the FORWARD’27 Programme Manager Jukka Laitinen from Ponsse.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 47


UK, Europe, South Africa, US East Coast

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CONTACT: Robin Peach International Forest Industries Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 777 Fax: +44 (0)1442 870 617

Japan CONTACT: Shigeru Kobayashi Japan Advertising Communications, Inc. Star Bldg., 3-10-3 Kanda Jimbocho Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0051 Tel: 81-3-3261-4591 Fax: 81-3-3261-6126 Email:

Western USA (AZ, CA, NV, UT) Australia, & New Zealand CONTACT: Kevin Lapham J.P.Media Inc Tel: +1 (630) 420 9752 Fax: +1 (630) 420 9763 Email:

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US Mid-West, Central & Mountain CONTACT: Kevin Lapham J.P.Media Inc 1163 E.Ogden Ave, Ste. 705-359 Naperville IL 60563, USA Tel: +1 (630) 420 9752 Fax: +1 (630) 420 9763 Email:

Continued from Page 46 reach! These impressive machines reach new heights when it comes to clearing trees and brush along roadsides, riverbanks, ditches, and slopes, and taking down entire standing trees. There are seven models of boom-steer mounted attachments offered, supporting an excavator size from anywhere between 11,000 lbs. to 70,000. All Denis Cimaf DAH mulching heads come standard with sharpenable blades, an optional bolt-in wear liner, and tilt system. DXF: The Next Generation of Denis Cimaf Denis Cimaf now offers a new line of open-face, carbide tip mulching heads for dedicated carriers, skid steers, and excavators known as the Denis Cimaf DX series of mulching heads. Using the same durable Denis Cimaf frame customers know and love, the DXF introduces a new heavy-duty rotor suited for harsh environments where it is possible to encounter objects that cannot be processed. In addition, the rotor and motor orientation work together to provide

48 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

a compact package that creates less stress to the carrier. The DXF features heavy-duty carbide teeth that rip through hard and soft wood up to eight inches in diameter. The DX is ideal for tackling mulching or brush clearing with power and hammer-style force. In addition, it is well-suited for land clearing, vegetation management, and utility and roadside maintenance in unknown and rocky terrain. Denis Cimaf mulching attachments are the industry-leading choice for forestry mulching, land clearing, and improvement, vegetation management, clearing for firebreaks, roadside maintenance, rightof-way clearing, pipeline maintenance, and site clearing and preparation. For the most powerful, productive, and efficient mulching attachments on the market, look no further than Denis Cimaf. *Bolt-in wear liner is not an option on the DAF-150D model.

Hitachi presents new ZX135USL-7 forestry excavator

Late August Hitachi Construction Machinery (Europe) NV (HCME) launched the new ZX135USL-7 forestry excavator. Designed for a variety of applications such as logging, log felling, loading and digging, it perfectly meets the needs for European customers and is assembled at HCME’s factory in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Equipped with a robust undercarriage, it offers enhanced durability, stability and safety for challenging working conditions. With a higher ground clearance (560 mm) than standard models, it travels smoothly and easily over uneven terrain, and the short rear swing radius of 1490 mm makes it ideal for working in compact environments. Improve profit The impressive fuel economy of the ZX135USL-7 forestry excavator means that it delivers up to 9% less fuel consumption than the previous model. This is achieved with the help of Hitachi’s industry-leading HIOS V hydraulic system. Fuel efficiency can be further controlled by using the new ECO gauge, clearly visible on the cab’s multifunctional 8” monitor.

For added versatility, the ZX135USL-7 forestry excavator has a reinforced arm with piping for breaker or crusher, quick-coupler, as well as assist piping. A front blade is also available. Life-cycle costs are reduced with the new Stage V-compliant engine, which does not require an SCR system. This eliminates the need for AdBlue, filter replacements and associated maintenance. Feel the difference The state-of-the-art, ultraspacious cab is the perfect working environment. One of the quietest in the industry, it also has 16% less vibration than the previous generation. New features include the synchronised motion of the seat and console – to reduce operator fatigue – and the adjustable console height. Easy operation comes from the ergonomic design of the console and switches. Increase safety Extra safety features on the cab provide further protection for the operator. It is fitted with a fixed laminated front window and OPG level 2 front guard, and additional lights on the cab roof provide greater visibility in low-light conditions.

Boost uptime Tested rigorously at dedicated facilities in Japan, Hitachi Zaxis-7 machines have been built to last. Uptime is maximised by easy maintenance and cleaning features, which save operators and owners both time and money. Durability is enhanced by the reinforced travel motor cover, idler frame and track undercovers. Fleet management To enable owners to feel in total control of their fleet and

The quality of the engine and hydraulic oil is monitored continuously by a unique Hitachi innovation. Two sensors detect if the oil quality has deteriorated and data is transmitted to Global e-Service. This innovative feature provides customers with peace of mind on the condition of their excavators, and reduces maintenance and unscheduled downtime. Complete control “We’re proud to introduce the ZX135USL-7 forestry excavator,” says Burkhard Janssen, Product Manager Special Applications and New Technologies at Hitachi Construction Machinery (Europe) NV. “Its exceptional reliability, efficiency and productivity provide owners with opportunities to increase profits and reduce costs. And its industry-leading cab with first-class comfort and safety features will enable operators to feel at ease and in complete control.” About HCME Hitachi Construction Machinery (Europe) NV (HCME) is a subsidiary of Hitachi Construction Machinery Co.,

Specifications Model code

ZX135USL-7 forestry

Engine rated power

74 kW (ISO14396)

Operating weight

15 900 – 16 900 kg

Maximum digging depth

5 760 mm

workload, Hitachi’s remote monitoring systems, Owner’s Site and ConSite, give them access to vital data and tools. Both systems send operational data via GPRS or satellite from the excavator to Global e-Service on a daily basis. ConSite summarises the information in a monthly email, while the ConSite Pocket app shows real-time alerts for any potential issues.

Ltd. (HCM) established in 1972 in Oosterhout, The Netherlands. It is responsible for the manufacture, sales and marketing of Hitachi construction equipment throughout Europe, parts of Africa, and Israel. Today, HCME employs over 500 people, based at its headquarters in Amsterdam, and locations in Germany, Italy, France and the UK.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 IBC

The Caribbean is swimming in seaweed. Scientists aim to turn it into jet fuel and batteries.

An unlikely pairing: Combining wood waste with seaweed could be perfect for making both sustainable aviation fuel & graphite, a critical battery material. Backed by U.S. Department of Energy Funding, new R&D could help seed a uniquely Caribbean Bioeconomy


t was not even close. In 2022, seaweed levels floating in the Caribbean smashed the record set in 2018 by 20%. You could see the consequences drifting up on shorelines from Puerto Rico to the Florida coast. Briny piles of brown algae invaded white sand beaches. Locals worried the inundation would harm tourism, clog ports, and release noxious fumes if left to rot. Unfortunately, record algae blooms are not the only visible consequence of warming ocean waters. Some models suggest higher ocean temperatures increase the risk of powerful hurricanes as well. “Puerto Rico in particular is still dealing with wood waste from Hurricane Maria five years ago,” said National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researcher Jacob Kruger. “The wood waste in both Puerto Rico and in other areas of the Caribbean—it’s just been piled up with nowhere to go, because many of the landfills are also at capacity.” Kruger may be unable to eliminate the pair of waste

50 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

problems himself, but as the NREL principal investigator for a new multi-institutional research team, he does have an idea that could help: Turn seaweed and wood waste into sustainable aviation fuel and graphite, a material used in electric vehicle batteries. That idea caught the attention of the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office. It awarded the team—with

researchers from NREL, University of Puerto Rico, North Carolina State University, and Fearless Fund—more than $2 million to interrogate the idea. If successful, the team thinks the project could help empower a region already impacted by climate change and often underrepresented in economic development. Breaking It Down: How the Team Plans To Process the Mix The pair may seem unlikely— but combining wood waste with seaweed could actually offer the team chemical advantages. Together, the sargassum and wood chips create a palatable feedstock of simple sugars microbes can digest into molecules needed to make energy-dense biofuels. To hone the opportunity, the team will adapt an already well-studied set of biological

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researcher Jacob Kruger conversion tools—many developed at NREL—to the unique pairing. “We envision a sort of a dilute acid pretreatment as our baseline to make the sugars more accessible,” Kruger said. “We might have to look at other chemical or mechanical treatments as well, and then plan to use enzymatic hydrolysis to render the sugars fermentable.” In simple terms, Kruger and his NREL colleagues will use mild acids or heat to treat algae and wood waste shipped from Puerto Rico. Using a cocktail of carefully selected enzymes, they will digest the resulting pulp into a frothy mixture and separate the liquid from the solids that settle at the bottom. The sugary liquid, a “hydrolysate,” is easily fermented into ethanol.

Technologies already exist to upgrade it into sustainable aviation fuel that is chemically identical to conventional jet fuel but could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 90%. And the leftover solids? Though they may be difficult to turn into liquid fuel, they may be a perfect material for making batteries for electric vehicles. A New Supply of Graphite, a Critical Battery Material Graphite, a soft, crystalline carbon often used in pencils, is the main component for battery anodes, composing up to 30% of a lithium-ion battery’s mass. Demand for the critical battery material is projected to increase more than ninefold by 2030, which has industry searching for new domestic sources, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance. “Most graphite produced today is mined at less than 95% purity, while graphite for lithium-ion batteries needs to be more than 99.9% pure,” Kruger explained. “Gaining that last 4%–5% purity is disproportionately expensive, but we think our graphitization technology can economically yield graphite at that purity.” To verify the analysis, NREL will ship the solids from their lab-scale process to

researchers at North Carolina State University. There, researchers will “graphitize” the solids with high heat in the presence of an iron catalyst, which causes the carbon in the solids to link together in a crystalline structure. Preliminary testing shows the resulting biographite has comparable electrical performance to conventional anodes in some measures like reversible capacity. Still, the researchers caution it will need improvement, a core research and development priority of the team. A Way To Build a Resilient Caribbean Bioeconomy? The global energy potential of Caribbean seaweed and wood waste is unmistakable. Up to 1.24 million dry tons of sargassum could be harvested annually near populated coastlines. NREL collaborator Fearless Fund has developed a novel process to harvest it at sea both to ensure quality biomass and to protect the coastal environment. Blended with 75% wood waste, that resource could yield up to 78 million gallons of sustainable aviation fuel every year. A commercialized process could also produce an estimated 61,000 tons of graphite annually—3.4% of global synthetic graphite production.

The potential for the global clean energy transition is clear. But what might such a Caribbean industry mean for local communities whose beaches are inundated with seaweed and homes damaged by hurricanes? “We are talking about mitigating waste streams on coastal communities, creating new jobs, and helping to meet energy independence goals, particularly in Puerto Rico,” Kruger said. To quantify any benefits or consequences, the University of Puerto Rico will conduct a siting study for a potential biorefinery on Puerto Rico. Their proposal centers community-level impacts like odor, noise, increased traffic, educational opportunity, and diversity, equity, and inclusion. By recruiting student researchers from underserved communities, for example, the team aims to provide handson learning to local students both in Puerto Rico and on the U.S. mainland. After all, long-term commercial success may hinge as much on the next generation of diverse, welltrained bioenergy leaders as on the technological readiness of the process. At an even more fundamental level though, the results of the study could be instructive on the potential of applied science to empower communities to respond and even thrive despite the climate challenges ahead. This research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office. Learn more about NREL’s bioenergy, battery, and sustainable aviation research.

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 51


NREL analysis identifies drivers of Offshore Wind Development

As much as 20% of regional power needs along the Atlantic coast could be served by offshore wind farms by 2050, according to researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) who modeled deployment of this emerging U.S. energy sector in new depth and detail.


he researchers who performed the analysis considered a diversity of scenarios to more clearly understand how a single renewable resource can affect the country’s target of decarbonizing the power system. The current role of offshore wind electricity in the United States has been understudied, they said. The researchers found offshore wind could generate as much as 8% of the nation’s electricity by 2050, but that deployment could range widely, from 30 to 250 gigawatts, depending on how a variety of factors related to the power system evolve over the coming decades. The analysis, “Expanded modeling scenarios to understand the role of offshore wind in decarbonizing the United States,” appears in the journal Nature Energy. NREL co-authors Philipp Beiter, Trieu Mai, and Matt Mowers collaborated with John Bistline from the independent, nonprofit energy R&D institute EPRI to explore a wide range of scenarios related to policy, technology costs, transmission, and siting. The authors deploy

52 International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023

a capacity expansion model and find that high levels of offshore wind deployment are most likely in scenarios where there is a combination of stringent decarbonization policies, low technology costs, fewer siting options for onshore renewables, and limited interregional transmission. For example, the study’s core scenario considers strict zoning regulations for onshore wind and solar panels that expand offshore wind’s market potential. “We represent siting, energy supply, and transmission at a high spatial and temporal resolution,” said lead author Beiter, “which allows us to explore a range of decarbonization pathways and offshore wind’s future role.” By taking into account various conditions, the researchers are able to more fully consider the growing number and severity of trade-offs that arise with decarbonization scenarios. The results of the analysis illustrate how limitations affect deployment and could lead to different conclusions. In many of the scenarios studied, offshore wind

deployment is limited to the level defined by current state commitments, with solar photovoltaics and onshore wind meeting most new electricity demand through 2050. The amount of energy from nuclear, hydropower, and fossil fuels is relatively constant across the scenarios, with fossil generation limited by an emissions cap, unless carbon capture and sequestration technology is available and economically viable. Under the study’s core scenario with high load growth and electrification, offshore wind accounts for 133 gigawatts by 2050. By comparison, the installed landbased wind farms scattered across the United States today total about 141 gigawatts and produce 10% of the country’s electricity. “For newer generation sources like offshore wind, it is particularly important to identify the types of conditions when they may be viable in different parts of the country,” Mai said. In the United States, only two small offshore wind plants off the coasts of Rhode Island and Virginia are currently in

Trieu Mai Energy Researcher | Renewable Integration, Electrification, Energy Policy

Matt Mowers NREL researcher

John Bistline Energy/environmental researcher, EPRI

Philipp Beiter, Lead Author, NREL

operation, but many more are proposed along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. The first U.S. large-scale offshore wind farm—with a planned installed capacity of 800 megawatts— could start generating power as early as this autumn off the coast of Massachusetts. The high uncertainty

about future decarbonization pathways also raises the need for greater coordination between local, state, and federal authorities in power sector and offshore wind infrastructure planning, the researchers noted. “Our study highlights several limitations that—if

not addressed—can yield starkly different futures for U.S. offshore wind,” Beiter said. “That said, many inherent limitations of energy system modeling remain and require careful interpretation and presentation.” The U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind Energy

Technologies Office funded the research. NREL is the U.S. Department of Energy’s primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development. NREL is operated for DOE by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy LL

electrified homes, businesses, and vehicles. The Department of Energy (DOE) is making critical investments in the nation’s electric grid to lower the cost of energy, all while enabling cleaner energy sources, less pollution, and an easier time installing solar panels or plugging in an electric vehicle at home. In the largest grid investments in history, on October 18, 2023, DOE announced up to $3.46 billion for 58 projects across 44 states to strengthen electric grid resilience and reliability across the United States, all while improving climate resilience and creating good-paying union jobs. These projects will leverage more than $8 billion in federal and private investments as part of the Grid Resilience and Innovation Partnerships (GRIP) Program, funded through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and administered by DOE’s Grid Deployment Office (GDO). Across the selected projects, there are various strategies to increase the integration of renewables, in total allowing more than 35 gigawatts of renewable energy to be

brought online and expand the country’s renewable energy capacity by 10.5%. The projects also will enhance grid flexibility, meaning that operators can balance different types of power in real time and in response to real conditions to help keep the power on and prices affordable.

Investing in America’s electric grid means deploying more clean energy & saving consumers money


he electric grid is an often the unsung hero in daily our lives – bringing power from where it is generated to homes and businesses, allowing us to power our appliances and phones, ensuring we can heat or cool our spaces to remain comfortable, and keeping the lights when we need them.

Having a secure, reliable, and resilient electric grid also is essential to the success of clean energy like solar and wind because in many cases, where this power is generated is often not where it is immediately used. This is especially important for meeting clean energy goals and increasing demand for

• In Delaware, Pecan Street Inc. will accelerate the state’s clean energy transition by meeting customer demand to install rooftop solar. It will do so by eliminating seasonal solar congestion, a primary barrier that currently prevents approval of new residential and small commercial solar interconnection requests. Anticipated outcomes include new solar arrays for 1,500 homes in project service areas, including 150 within disadvantaged communities.

Cont’d on Page 9

International Forest Industries | OCTOBER / NOVEMBER 2023 53

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