International Forest Industries August September

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LOGGING • SAWMILLING • BIOMASS SAWLINES Scanning & Optimization Shredders & Grinders Skidders Purpose Built Forestry Machines John Deere & Vancouver Island Bulldozers Palfinger Smart Solutions


WHAT WILL YOU GRIND? New from Peterson, the 1700D Horizontal Grinder. Small, and mobile, but packed with the features that make Peterson grinders the most productive machines on the market—producing materials at the lowest cost per ton.

1700D Specifications Operating Length Operating Width Operating Height Machine Weight Engine

1344 cm 296 cm 427 cm 18 597 kg Caterpillar C9.3B Tier IV, 339 kW Caterpillar C9.3B Tier III, 309 kW Rotor pinned or drum rotor available Feed Opening (width x height) 137 x 69 cm Wheeled, Tracked, & Stationary Electric Options

Blower Trucks




Stacking Conveyors




SHREDDERS & GRINDERS Size-reduction technology is looking more and more profitable as a secondary revenue stream or primary business




T he quest for the perfect skidder is an ongoing vocation for leading suppliers





T echnology advances suggest there are increasing opportunities to add value by using purpose-built forestry machines at the stand ahead of log transport

6 Logging News 64 Advertising Index

utting-edge technologies transform C Palfinger Epsilon product range


COVER: USNR - BioVision defect scanning USNR is proud to be a major partner with Angelina Forest Products on their new sawmill in Lufkin, Texas. The mill is capable of producing more than 220 mmbf annually of Southern Yellow Pine lumber. The log breakdown line features a reciprocating quad roll log turner, PGLR log rotation correction system, canter, profilers, Quad Arbor Saw Box, and Vertical Shape Saw. Boards feed into


a new transverse edger and trim line featuring an edger with reman head, BioVision defect scanning (cover image), ElectraTong lug loader, Multi-Track Fence, clamshell-style Trimmer, and pusher lug sorter. Lumber is then dried in two CounterFlow dry kilns.

SAWLINE S Scanning & Optimization






Shredders & Grinders Skidders Purpose Buil t Fore stry Mac hine

John Deere & Vancouver Islan d Bulldozers Palfinger Smart Solution



International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 1







omatsu Europe launches WA800-8 Wheel K Loader



ake the grade faster with advances M in bulldozer technology

J ohn Deere equipment helps Vancouver island logger achieve peak performance



19 19 LINCK

ccuracy and convenience of installation A are priorities for German manufacturer’s latest offering


26 EWD

T he mechanical and optimization-control teams have combined to create innovative solutions

igh-speed optimizing edger systems from H EWD impresses in every regard


ombi-CS pedestrian stacker wins C prestigious IFOY Award


2 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

oskisen planning extensive sawmill K investment

Goldeneye 900

ADVANTAGES High speed full 4 sided gapless quality scanning Unparalleled defect detection thanks to integrated artificial intelligence and multisensor approach Improves high grade production and ensures product consistency Ability to scan rough, planed, green or dry

GradeScan ADVANTAGES Unparalleled defect detection using Lucidyne‘s patented Perceptive Sight Artificial Intelligence Provides significant increase in uptime and productivity Lineal Option - requires only 7 lineal feet and configurable to the mill‘s layout Improves high grade production and product consistency

The opportunities provided to the wood products industry by this acquisition are significant. With the combination of Microtec and Lucidyne, a complete mill-wide integrated scanning solution is now available to North America. Microtec and Lucidyne will be introducing co-developed products that bring the best of both companies‘ technologies together, delivering unparalleled results to our industry worldwide.


SUBSCRIPTIONS Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 583 Annual Subscription UK and Europe £160, €230 Rest of the world US$270 EDITORIAL T: +44 (0)1442 877 583 F: +44 (0)1442 870 617 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, UK Editor Chris Cann Editorial Board Dr Patrick Moore – Chairman and Chief Scientist of Greenspirit (Canada) Darren Oldham – Managing Director Söderhamn Eriksson (UK) Professor Piotr Paschalis-Jakubowicz – Warsaw Agricultural University (Poland) Mr Kim Carstensen Director General Forest Stewardship Council Eduardo Morales South American Forestry Consultant ADVERTISING AND PROMOTIONS International Forest Industries Ltd Advertising Manager Phil Playle +44 (0)1442 87 77 77 Associate Editor Robin Peach Advertising Production Enquiries Emma Smith

International Forest Industries is published by International Forest Industries Ltd, 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, UK International Forest Industries (ISSN 1755-6732) is published bi-monthly by International Forest Industries Ltd GBR and is distributed in the USA by Asendia USA, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 and additional mailing offices. Periodicals postage paid at New Brunswick NJ. POSTMASTER: send address changes to International Forest Industries, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 © International Forest Industries Ltd 2007 – 2019 IFI uses, as preference, SI units throughout. All dollars are US unless otherwise stated.

EDITOR’S COMMENT Forestry post-COVID looks ‘greener’


hen I left off last time, I was speculating on the shape of a recovery and, from memory, I believe I was hedging my bets and suggesting we were tracking for a reality somewhere between a best-case, V-shaped recovery and a prolonged lockdown period followed by a deep recession and slow recovery. Where in between these points we ended up would depend almost entirely, I (most people?) thought, on the speed at which a vaccine could be developed and distributed. It is therefore pleasing to be writing this column following the positive trials for not one, but a handful of vaccines – in all, there are apparently more than 150 vaccine efforts cooking globally. The most successful of these is a source of pride for our little organisation, given it originates from Oxford University, which is just a stone’s throw (albeit a long stone’s throw) from our UK offices. If the breathless mainstream press can be trusted, a vaccine could be ready for distribution to the most vulnerable by Christmas – fantastic news indeed. At the same time, we have seen positive signs out of China – the world’s growth engine for the past almost two decades and the world economy’s saviour immediately following the last financial crisis that gripped us in 2008-2009. China’s GDP grew 3.2% year-on-year in the second quarter, reversing from a 6.8% drop in the March quarter. No other nation does stimulus better than China and, though a sharp focus has turned to the Communist Party of China’s geopolitical agenda and many governments have displayed misgivings over China’s role as the source of the pandemic, history shows self-interest will prevail and China will quickly re-establish trade relationships, even if the negotiations are fraught. Wood Resources International recently reported that German log and lumber exports set new records in 2020, with half of the 2.4 million m3 moved heading to China in the four months to April. Other large economies may be weighed down – namely the US – but with resilience

4 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

and growth in other parts of the world, there must be hope that, with a vaccine close, even the most troubled economies can see light (and the US has only been outbought on orders from Oxford by the UK). Whether or not this means a V-shaped recovery is uncertain. But, from where I’m sitting, it’s tough to see it getting any worse for the forestry sector. Much like in 2008-2009, primary industry is usually valued far more in times of economic crisis than when the world is booming. Sure, tech stocks might sound cool when you’re talking to your friends at the pub, but when push comes to shove, people prefer tangible assets that hold genuine value. Also, again like the last crisis (and many before it), governments are planning to build their way out of trouble with infrastructure projects the like most would not have seen – and will not see again. These are planned across the first world and parts of the developing world. Forestry, as a supplier of construction materials, will of course benefit from these. And, finally, governments have bought into sectors to hold stakes in private businesses at levels not seen since the Second World War. These rescue missions and resulting influence means politicians will now set much of the business agenda. Do not be surprised, therefore, to see political issues such as climate change and environmentalism in general being pushed through businesses at a far faster rate than previously thought possible. Business will have to comply or forfeit their aid – think recyclable building materials and biomass energy. So, while the world remains an uncertain place, I’m feeling much more confident writing this column than I was in April, or indeed June. And you should be, too.

Enjoy Chris Cann


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Timo Ylänen appointed Vice President, Worldwide Forestry, Deere &Company Timo Ylänen, Director, John Deere Forestry Oy, has been appointed Vice President, Worldwide Forestry, Deere&Company. In his new position Ylänen will be responsible for full-tree and cut-to-length machine business globally and will be a member of the Construction & Forestry senior leadership team. In June 2020 Deere announced a new Smart Industrial operating model targeting the development of production systems, technology solutions and support capabilities across the full lifetime of products. The new operating model is designed to generate clear added value for customers and support their profitability. In line with the operating model, product

development capital will be allocated to the most promising, most profitable technologies that drive value creation for customers in an effort to integrate smart technology innovations also into existing production. Also organizational structures will be renewed to support the new operating model. In his new position Ylänen will report to Construction & Forestry President John Stone. Timo’s strong sales and marketing experience, expertise in the global forestry industry, and sound business acumen are solid qualifications for the new responsibilities. Ylänen will work from the Tampere location.

John Deere Forestry Oy’s Finance Director Tarja Tuomela has been appointed to lead Deere&Company’s Forestry business financials management globally. Tarja also will work from Tampere.

Timo Ylänen, Vice President, Worldwide Forestry

Tarja Tuomela, Forestry Oy’s Finance Director

Morbark announces leadership change Morbark, LLC, has announced the appointment of Bradley (Brad) Boehler as the successor to current Vice President of Alamo Group’s Forestry and Tree Care Business Unit and President of Morbark Holdings, Dave Herr, effective August 24, 2020. Herr joined Morbark initially as a board director and then as its CEO in October 2016. He successfully led the Company through a period of intense growth, operational improvement, acquisition, and integration of complementary businesses,

including Rayco Manufacturing, LLC, and Denis Cimaf, Inc., and finally, the transfer of ownership to Alamo Group in 2019. “Dave will surely be missed, but we wish him continued success in the future and thank him for his many contributions to Morbark’s success and to Alamo Group,” said Jeff Leonard, Executive Vice President, Alamo Group, Industrial Division. Herr said, “It has been an honour and privilege to lead Morbark and be able to work with so many talented and dedicated

individuals during my time here. I’m proud of what we’ve accomplished during this time and extremely optimistic about the future. Brad is an exceptional and proven leader, and I look forward to working with him to ensure a smooth transition and the Business Unit’s continued success under his guidance.” Boehler is a veteran of the Canadian Armed Forces, having served as an Engineering Officer in the Construction Engineering Section. He holds a Bachelor of Engineering Science in Civil

Bradley Boehler, Vice President of Forestry & Tree Care Group & President of Morbark Holdings Engineering granted by the University of Western Ontario and has completed the Executive Development Program at the Ivey Business School.

TERMINATOR TYPE V Slow-speed single-shaft shredder for all types of waste and wood With the new V shredding unit, the Terminator is now ideal for biomass too.

NEW 6 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020


Precision Whole Tree Chippers are built stronger than the competition, with more standard features, and have a reputation for trouble-free service. They are the choice of experienced operators and owners all over the world. They have rugged frame construction, over-sized stabilizers, air compressors, trash separators and more powerful fans that pack more chips per van.

you can invest in our equipment with confidence, and know it will perform the job tomorrow, next year and for many years to come. Call us today to discuss your needs as well as the newest options available for our line of sawmill, logging and wood waste recycling equipment.

Since 1964, Precision Husky Corporation has been leading the industry by producing the highest quality and most rugged equipment available for the forest products industry. That is one of the many reasons

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get together personally, so the organisers rolled out the virtual red carpet for the winners on the Internet on July 13th 2020 at Finalists’ products underwent stringent IFOY audit and innovation checks by industry experts and journalists from leading logistics media from 19 countries also tested and evaluated the equipment for qualities such as technology, design, ergonomics, safety, marketability, customer benefit and sustainability. Some of the jury’s comments on the Combi-CS were as follows:

“The Combi-CS is a really compact smart pedestrian operated truck and a nice hands-on solution. It offers significant added value in terms of narrow aisle operation and safety in confined environments. It is a customer-focussed solution with a very high level of market relevance.”

Combi-CS pedestrian stacker wins prestigious IFOY Award


he Combi-CS is the only pedestrian counterbalance stacker that will operate in a conventional reach truck aisle for space saving and productive storage and handling. It features Combilift’s unique, internationally patented and award winning multi-position tiller arm which can be turned to the left or right of the unit to position the rear drive wheel, allowing the operator to remain in the safest position- at

the side of the machine rather than at the rear as is the case with other pedestrian stackers. This ensures optimum visibility of the load and surroundings as well as guaranteeing maximum safety in areas where other personnel or members of the public may be present. Due to the current circumstances, the hundreds of people that normally attend the IFOY ceremony could not

Martin McVicar, CEO and co-founder, Combilift pictured with the IFOY Award 2020 for the Combi-CS

AFM-Forest launches new AFM 75 processing head mode The new AFM 75 is a tough-built processing head with high feeding power and excellent geometry for the most demanding logging operations worldwide. With its new HD frame and pins made from SSAB RUUKKI Scandinavian quality steel and nylon bushings it can fit on different tracked base machines.

A wide tilt angle and the geometry of the front knifes will guaranty an efficient and ergonomic way to pick up logs in steep slopes. The new design of the AFM 75 offers easy access for daily maintenance and hydraulic hoses change, maximizing production. Optional feeding motors and


rollers make the new AFM 75 a perfect tool for harvesting and debarking operations in the most difficult species of plantation grown eucalyptus by offering good debarking results during the first feed. AFM-Forest proportional saw system and saw control guaranties a fast and efficient sawing in all tree species.




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8 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020


VERMEER HG6800TX HORIZONTAL GRINDERS ARE BUILT TOUGH TO TACKLE LARGE LAND-CLEARING, RIGHT-OF-WAY AND COMPOSTING PROJECTS. Low sidewalls and an infeed design aid in feeding whole trees and large stumps into a useable end product with minimal operator interaction. Remote-controlled and track-driven, HG6800TX horizontal grinders provide convenient jobsite mobility while the patented duplex drum features reversible hammers and tips that ease maintenance and help extend wear life. Add the optional Damage Defense system to detect metal vibration in the infeed to help prevent machine damage.



Vermeer Corporation reserves the right to make changes in engineering, design and specifications; add improvements; or discontinue manufacturing at any time without notice or obligation. Equipment shown is for illustrative purposes only and may display optional accessories or components specific to their global region. Please contact your local Vermeer dealer for more information on machine specifications. Vermeer and the Vermeer logo are trademarks of Vermeer Manufacturing Company in the U.S. and/or other countries. Š 2020 Vermeer Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Komatsu upgrades XT-5 family of Tracked Feller Bunchers with performance improvements, Special Warranty Program To better meet customer needs, Komatsu is upgrading its XT-5 family of tracked feller bunchers, adding performance and operator improvements, as well as covering the machines with a special 2-Year/5,000-Hour warranty program. The XT430-5, XT445L-5 and XT465L-5 models were introduced in 2018, and these advancements were made based on customer feedback. Komatsu XT-5 machines let customers travel, operate the swing, arm and tool simultaneously, for maximum usability. To further boost multifunctioning performance for its customers, Komatsu added 7% more horsepower (331 hp vs. 310 at launch) to the Cummins QSL9 engine and increased the hydraulic flow, while maintaining excellent fuel efficiency. Travel speed was increased by 25% to further improve productivity. The XT445L-5/ XT465L-5 models now reach 3.3 mph (5.3 kph); the XT430-5 model, 3.2 mph (5.1 kph). Added lighting elements improve nighttime visibility of the right track and when using the rear camera, for a total of 13 LED lights brilliantly illuminating nighttime operations. “Working with, listening to, and responding to customers is the cornerstone of our product development process, so when they said that our XT-5 machines would be even better with a boost in speed and multi-functioning performance, we got to work,” said Todd Miyake, vice president, forest division, Komatsu America Corp. “We have also added a special 2-year or 5,000-hour warranty for a limited time period to offer customers an exceptional

combination of performance, efficiency and peace of mind.” The special warranty program covers new XT430-5, XT445L-5 and XT465L-5 tracked feller bunchers purchased through March 31, 2021, as well as those purchased since launch. This coverage is in addition to the standard Komatsu CARE® coverage which includes 100-, 500-, 1000-, 1,500- and 2,000hour maintenance services for the first three years or 2,000 hours, whichever occurs first. All of these services are performed using genuine Komatsu filters and fluids. The XT430-5, XT445L-5 and XT465L-5 Komatsu tracked feller bunchers were introduced in 2018 and were totally reengineered. Highlights include: • Outstanding serviceability with all service points easily accessible and gull-wing hood engine access • Increased power, torque – even while using up to 5% less fuel • Increased lift capacities and the ability of the XT465L-5 to readily operate the Quadco 24-inch (610 mm) cutting capacity disc saw head • Left-positioned modern forestry cab with exceptional visibility and comfort • Customizable operator controls via IQAN-MD4 digital control system • Komtrax® remote equipment monitoring and management telematics system, which can improve operator productivity and monitor machine health, a valuable tool for scheduling preventative maintenance and service


Including increased power, improved travel speed, and a new warranty program

Working with, listening to, and responding to customers is the cornerstone of our product development process, so when they said that our XT-5 machines would be even better with a boost in speed and multifunctioning performance, we got to work Todd Miyake, Vice President, Forest Division, Komatsu America Corp.

For more information on the Komatsu XT430-5, XT445L-5 and XT465L-5 Komatsu tracked feller bunchers and the special 2-year/5,000-hour warranty, go to

All comparisons and claims of improved performance made herein are made with respect to the prior Komatsu models unless otherwise specifically stated. Up to 5% lower fuel consumption results are based on using the XT445L-5 prototype vs. the XT445L-3 model – each operator’s results may vary. Warranty Terms: Complimentary 2-year or 5,000-hour standard product warranty coverage, whichever comes first, from the Machines First in Dirt (FID) Date. If the 5,000 hour limit is exceeded during the first year, coverage continues through the end of the first year. Cummins Base Engine Warranty, Extended Major Component Warranty and Emission Warranty will all be managed through Cummins. Please refer to the Cummins Warranty Terms document for coverage details. Materials and specifications are subject to change without notice.

James Donaldson Group appoints new CEO James Donaldson and Sons Ltd (JDS) announced Arlene Cairns is joining the Group as its new CFO. Cairns will succeed Andrew Donaldson as CFO

following his promotion to CEO in April 2020. She joined Aviva, where she was Chief Finance Operations Officer responsible for leading Global Finance Operations as well as leading their Global Finance Transformation. Arlene joined Aviva 3 years ago from Alliance Trust

10 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Savings where she was CFO. Prior to this, she held several senior Finance & Strategy roles across the UK, Ireland and Australia working for Westpac Institutional Bank, Allied Irish Bank, RSA and Zurich Financial Services. This is in addition to her time

as a management consultant at EY in the UK and Australia, where her focus was on transformation and performance improvement.


Enviva completes acquisition of Georgia Biomass & its Waycross Production Plant Enviva Partners, LP recemtly announced the completion of its previously announced acquisition of a world-class, industrial scale wood pellet production plant in Waycross, Georgia, and associated contracted terminal capacity in Savannah, Georgia. Enviva’s growing operational footprint across the U.S. Southeast now includes nine wood pellet production plants and five deepwater export terminals across Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida. “We are excited to welcome the entire Waycross team into the Enviva family,” said John Keppler, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Enviva. “This is an important step for Enviva’s growth and we look forward to continuing to be a great employer, customer, and neighbour, and an important contributor to the State of Georgia, a community we now call home.”

The newly acquired Waycross plant has been operating since 2011 and has a production capacity of approximately 800,000 metric tons per year, all of which is exported through the Port of Savannah to Enviva’s customers under long-term take-or-pay off-take contracts, many of which extend until the mid-2040s. Following the acquisition, Enviva’s total annual wood pellet production capacity is approximately 4.9 million metric tons. With the acquisition complete, the Waycross plant is now called, “Enviva Pellets Waycross.” “The Waycross plant, its leadership, and the entire team are a perfect match for Enviva,” said Royal Smith, Executive Vice President of Operations of Enviva. “The Waycross team, under the exceptional leadership of Mark Gaddy, has been recognized for years for their commitment to

and strong track record of safe operations and high performance. We look forward to working with Mark and his team in the years to come as we seek to build on their success, grow the business, and continue making a meaningful difference right now in the effort to fight climate change around the world.” Enviva’s mission is to displace coal, grow more trees, and fight climate change. The Waycross plant acquisition diversifies Enviva’s manufacturing footprint and expands its operations in a region that supplies one-fifth of the timber used globally each year. Enviva currently is integrating the plant into the wider Enviva organization and looks forward to working closely with local leaders, private forest landowners, and conservation organizations to continue to make a positive impact across the State of Georgia.

John Keppler, Chairman & CEO of Enviva

Royal Smith, Executive VP of Operations of Enviva.

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FAE GROUP renovates it’s UMM/ DT & UMM/S - UMM/S/HP forestry mulchers


AE GROUP is constantly renovating its range of machines for maintaining green spaces and for agricultural and road clearing and has been the gold standard on the market for over 35 years. Today, it is innovating some of its forestry mulchers originally introduced in 2014, updating them with technologies from higher class models. The redesigned models are the UMM/DT, a fixed-tooth forestry mulcher for 160 - 240 hp tractors that cuts vegetation up to 30 cm in diameter, and the UMM/S (as well as the HP or High Power version), a model with a fixed-tooth rotor for 180 - 350 hp tractors that can cut vegetation up to 35 cm in diameter.

What’s new for each model: The UMM/DT mulcher: new frame, standard Spike PRO counter blades and optional hydrodynamic couplers The UMM/DT mulcher has a completely redesigned frame, now compatible with oversized CAT pins and couplings. It is also equipped with standard interchangeable Spike PRO counter blades and

optional hydrodynamic couplers. Hydrodynamic couplers preserve the tractor’s transmission and help the rotor restart faster and easier, increasing the mulcher’s operating performance. UMM/S and UMM/S/HP: the forestry mulchers with Spike PRO counter blades The new UMM/S and UMM/S/ HP mulchers come standard with interchangeable Spike PRO counter blades. Spike PRO counter blades are plates with staggered spikes strategically placed to ensure the mulched material is crushed more finely and uniformly. The Hardox spikes are on all interior surfaces of the mulching chamber. Besides improving the quality of the mulched material, making it finer and more uniform, it absorbs less power, optimizing operating performance and saving fuel.


UMM / S / HP

Strongco now offering Eco Log forwarders & harvesters Strongco Corporation, a Nors Group company, has recently announced that it has entered into an agreement with Eco Log Group as the exclusive dealer for their harvester and forwarder product lines throughout all of Canada. Strongco’s construction equipment division has been supporting customers in the forestry industry for many years with their extensive industry knowledge and solid product support infrastructure from their 25 branches located in Alberta, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces. This agreement will strengthen both Eco Log’s and Strongco’s geographic reach in the forestry market in Canada.

“The addition of Eco Log as a complementary line to our construction equipment division is a great fit. We’re now able to offer our forestry based customers across Canada a more vertical product offering to help with all activities from harvesting at the stump and forwarding to roadside to the many material handling solutions we already offer at the mill yards,” says Oliver Nachevski, president and CEO for Strongco. “We’re proud to partner with Strongco and we’re confident that their deep industry knowledge of the forestry market and their strong parts & service capabilities will exceed customer expectations and help our business grow throughout

12 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Canada,” says Anders Gustafson, CEO for Eco Log Group.

Oliver Nachevski, Strongco President & CEO

In these troubled times, togetherness is more important than ever. Together we will get through this. Also, we encourage you to share glimpses of your everyday life with #komatsutogether on social media. Your posts and our reposts will make this imposed social distancing at bit more social‌ Your friends at Komatsu Forest


South Coast Lumber chooses Lucidyne GradeScan South Coast Lumber has purchased a GradeScan with Perceptive Sight 2.0 from Lucidyne for installation in their Brookings, OR mill. South Coast chose the Lucidyne GradeScan after researching scanning systems over the last couple years. Nick Johnson, South Coast’s Operations Manager, stated that along with showing great results, Lucidyne’s excellent customer service is what led them to choose

the GradeScan system. South Coast lumber has been sawmilling since the early 1950’s. All new Lucidyne GradeScan’s come standard with the Perceptive Sight Intelligent Grading platform, using deep learning artificial intelligence for unmatched defect detection and grading results. The South Coast GradeScan will be installed and started up in midOctober of 2020.

Kaamos Timber to establish new sawmill in Belarus The Estonian wood industry company Kaamos Timber has entered into a loan agreement with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

(EBRD) whose support will be used to establish a new sawmill owned by the Estonian company near the city of Mozyr in Belarus. “The EBRD loan of Euro 15



million will finance the construction of a new sawmill in the city of Mozyr, the total investment of which is planned to be Euro 25 million,” said Tõnu Bergmann, executive manager of Kaamos Timber, adding that the term for the loan agreement is 7 years. According to Bergmann, the Mozyr sawmill owned by Kaamos Timber will create 100 new jobs in the area and will almost double Kaamos Timber’s existing production capacity in the Belarusian wood industry. “Our existing sawmill in Vitebsk produces nearly 250,000 m3 of softwood timber, and with the new factory, the total production volume will increase to nearly 450,000 m3. Production volume to be increased by nearly a half will certainly allow us to increase export to both Europe and Asia,” said Bergmann.

The company has been associated with ERBD for a long time now. The ERBD has played a major role in the growth and expansion of the Vitebsk mill. Since the start of its operations in Belarus in 1992, the EBRD has invested almost EUR 2.7 billion in 119 projects in various sectors of the country’s economy.

10. - 14. May 2021 Trade fair for the forestry and wood industries

14 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020


We’ve got the go for Grind Tec 2020! The Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs has announced further steps to open up the economy: as of September 1, trade fairs can also be held again in Bavaria. This is the starting signal for the GrindTec 2020. Augsburg – „The course has been set for the GrindTec 2020,” said Henning and Thilo Könicke, the Managing Directors of the GrindTec organiser AFAG Messen

und Ausstellungen. “We made intensive use of the approximately six months until the trade fair in order to be able to present the world’s leading trade fair for grinding technology in accordance with the safety and hygiene standards that will then be in force”. The Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs gave organizers, exhibitors and visitors of Bavarian

trade fairs planning security and clarity on Tuesday, May 26. From September trade fairs can take place again, the final confirmation for the GrindTec 2020, which will now take place as planned from 10th to 13th November at the Augsburg Trade Fair Centre. AFAG considers itself well prepared. Together with the Bavarian trade fair locations, the managing directors have already

been working for weeks on the development of a coordinated hygiene concept. By the autumn, the safety and hygiene concept is to be tested for its practical suitability and adapted to current conditions.

J.D. Irving kicks off $35M expansion at Doaktown Sawmill The sawmills division of NBbased J.D. Irving, Limited announced plans to begin the earlier announced expansion and modernization works at the Doaktown, NB sawmill. The company plans to make an investment of around $35 million towards the project, which was scheduled to begin in the month of July this year, said a news release. The project will expand the

mill’s footprint by approximately $14,000 square feet. It aims to bring together the saw mill, planer mill and value-added center all under one single roof. It must be noted that the saw mill is currently located at the opposite side of the road. As part of the project, the entire lumber production process will be modernized by way of installation of state-of-the-art technologies and

equipment. The project is estimated to employ a team comprising of 60 members during peak construction and is expected to generate nearly 40,000 person hours of work. The commissioning and start-up of the expanded facility is scheduled to take place during spring 2021. The expanded facility offers great opportunity for the Miramichi region to develop its forestry

sector. Moreover, the investment brings in long-term security for Doaktown village and its communities.


International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 15


Holmen acquires Martinsons Holmen has signed an agreement to acquire Martinsons, one of Sweden’s leading players in sawn and processed wood products. The purchase price is SEK 1.0 billion for 100 per cent of the shares. The acquisition will almost double Holmen’s sales of wood products to over SEK 3 billion, while also advancing positions in wood construction and providing Holmen with the capacity to process the majority of the raw material from its own forests in its own industry. Martinsons consists of two well-invested sawmills in northern Sweden with extensive processing of wood products for Scandinavian

have been impressed by of how they have developed a leading position in sustainable wood construction in Sweden. Backed by our large forest holdings, we look forward to continuing to grow the business and to contributing to increased construction using wood, which is part of the solution to the climate challenge”, says Henrik Sjölund, President and CEO of Holmen. “Holmen has met all of our high expectations for a new owner. It is a stable company with the power to grow, though equally important for us is their genuine interest in the knowledge and experience

Bygdsiljum sawmill

wood construction, as well as a project operation for construction of complete frames made of cross-laminated timber (CLT) and glulam beams for purposes such as offices, sports centres and apartment buildings. The company has 470 employees, most of whom work in processing. “Martinsons is an extremely well-run family-owned company that has built a strong brand and succeeded in achieving growth with solid profitability. As our largest timber customer, we have followed their progress for a long time and

accumulated in our operations. We are particularly pleased to have found an owner with a corporate culture that we believe will be an excellent fit with the culture that we have built up”, says Lars Martinson, CEO and one of the owners of Martinsons. After completion of current investments, Bygdsiljum, the larger sawmill, will be able to produce 500 000 m3 of wood products annually, while the annual production at Kroksjön is over 100 000 m3. Bygdsiljum also manufactures CLT and glulam

beams, while Kroksjön processes wood products through trimming, planing, painting, treatment and finger jointing. Annual timber consumption is 1 million m3, which corresponds with Holmen’s annual timber harvest in northern Sweden “In recent years we have invested in gradually increasing value-added and sales to Swedish builders’ merchants. Martinsons provides a good complement to our offering and strengthens our position on the market. Demand for processed wood products, especially CLT and glulam beams, is growing and with rising interest in wood construction we see great opportunities to further develop the business”, says Johan Padel, Senior Vice President Wood Products, Holmen. In 2019 Martinsons turnover was SEK 1.8 billion, where SEK 1.1 billion came from sales of sawn and processed wood products, SEK 0.3 billion from major wood construction projects and the remainder from sales of by-products and timber trading. Martinsons’ underlying EBITDA totalled SEK 157 million in 2019 and operating profit amounted to SEK 99 million. The acquisition will be funded from existing credit facilities and is expected to positively contribute to earnings per share from the time of takeover, which is expected to occur during the fourth quarter. The deal is subject to approval from the relevant competition authority, which is expected in the fall. Holmen’s wood products business had sales of SEK 1.7 billion in 2019 and EBITDA amounted to SEK 159 million. Production takes place at three plants, Braviken Sawmill with a

Russian Segezha to invest $25.5 million in Arkhangelsk CLT plant Segezha Group, one of the leading Russian wood processing company, intends to build new CLT plant in Arkhangelsk region, said Mikhail Shamolin, president of Segezha,

at the meeting with Arkhangelsk governor. Segezha expects a CLT plant to be operational by 2023 with capacity of 50 thousand m3.

16 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Company plans to spend $25.5 million (1.8 billion roubles) on the plant.

Henrik Sjölund, President and CEO of Holmen

Lars Martinson, CEO and one of the owners of Martinsons

Johan Padel, Senior Vice President Wood Products, Holmen production capacity of 600 000 m3 after recent investments, Iggesund Sawmill with a capacity of 400 000 m3 and Linghem Sawmill of just under 100 000 m3. For more information, please contact: Stina Sandell, Senior Vice President Sustainability and Communications, +46 (0)73 986 51 12


Canfor subsidiary to acquire strategic assets Canfor Corporation (TSX: CFP) announced recently that its 70%-owned subsidiary, Vida Group, has entered into an agreement to purchase three sawmills located in Sweden from Bergs Timber for a purchase price of CAD$43 million plus working capital. “We are excited that Vida’s strong performance and balance sheet has enabled them to grow their operating footprint in Sweden,” said Don Kayne, President and Chief Executive Officer of Canfor. The three mills, which are located in Vimmerby, Mörlunda

and Orrefors, Sweden, will add approximately 215 million board feet to Vida’s annual capacity. With additional investment, Vida anticipates the production capacity of the mills can be increased to 300 million board feet. After taking into account this additional production capacity, Sweden represents 22% of Canfor’s globally diversified operating platforms, plus 43% in British Columbia, 31% in the Southern United States and 4% in Alberta. The transaction is expected to close in the third quarter of 2020 and is subject to due diligence,

completion of certain transaction documents and other customary closing conditions, including any required regulatory approvals. Following downtime related to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, Vida is operating at full capacity and Canfor continues to employ variable operating schedules in North America with sawmills in the United States operating at almost full capacity and Canadian sawmills operating at approximately 90% effective June 18, 2020.

Don Kayne, President & CEO of Canfor

SCA has confirms new harvesting plan SCA has confirmed a new harvesting plan which shows that the harvesting level in it’s own forest will increase over the coming five years by an additional one million cubic meters per year more than the current level. The increased harvesting level gives

an increased cash flow of 300-400 MSEK per year with full effect from 2025. In 2019, SCA made a new forest survey which showed that the company’s forests had a higher standing volume and a higher growth rate than previously

estimated. A higher growth rate gives higher long term harvesting potential. The new harvesting plan is now confirmed and it is based on calculations of the development of the forest over more than one hundred years into the future.

It shows that harvesting over the coming five year period can successively increase from todays level of 4.3 million cubics meter solid wood under bark (m3sub) to 5.4 million m3sub per year.

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 17


A new woodroom has been placed in service at the Bratsk Mill of Ilim Group The new woodroom includes three lines with an aggregate capacity of 5 million cubic meters of chips per year. The project investments amounted to USD 125 million. The woodroom lines are interchangeable with the distinction between them being the type of processed species. The lines handle SW and HW species, as well as their mix. A completely automated process control from debarking to feeding of chips to a storage area allows not only to minimize losses during the chip production process, but also to significantly improve chips quality. Production of chips of the required species mix by better controlling the wood mix will have a positive impact on the pulp quality. An important environmental effect involving reduction of water consumption and, consequently, reduction of the effluents sent to

the waste water treatment plant will be achieved through the use of a dry debarking method that is now one of the best available technologies. Sand, stones and small hard particles will be captured and sent to the waste collecting container. These efforts will allow to minimize the impact on a water body where wastewater is sent after treatment at the waste water treatment plant. Moreover, automated water supply and temperature adjustment will drive a significant reduction of electric energy consumption. Construction of a new woodroom required an upgrade of a chip handling system used to transfer chips to the new outdoor chip storages, as well as an upgrade of the chip storages themselves. A conveyor-based chip feeding system has been installed at chip storages. This system (as

compared to a pneumatic system) allows to maintain the quality of chips fed to the Cooking Area. Moreover, Ilim’s storage areas have implemented the FIFO principle ensuring an optimal duration of storage before feeding chips to the Cooking Area.

STENNER HORIZONTAL RESAWS MHS10 machines in-line producing finished components at speeds up to 200 feet per minute

Contact: Stenner Ltd, 0044 1884255700 or for details.

Stenner Ltd

Hartnoll Business Centre, Post Hill, Tiverton EX16 4NG, United Kingdom Tel: + 44 (0) 1884 255700 Fax: + 44 (0) 1884 257794 Email: Website:

18 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

This results in a precise 3D-profile even if the cant was moving during the scanning process due to vibrations or other influences Linck

Linck 6: Curve scanning Accuracy and convenience of installation are priorities for German manufacturer’s latest offering


he Linck 6 scanner allows the accurate scanning of the cant curvature. An essential feature of this scanner is that the cant movement is automatically recognized and reliably filtered out by the evaluating software during the measuring process. This results in a precise 3D-profile even

if the cant was moving during the scanning process due to vibrations or other influences. The scanner can be installed right behind a machine, as it is able to efficiently recognize and correct even significant movements such as cant centering. This allows to considerably reduce the overall

length of a saw line. Another advantage is that this scanner can be integrated in existing saw lines, where solutions available until now, could not be installed due to lack of space.

ED 3000 WRAPPER* The ED 3000 is SPRINGER’s answer to the great demand for fully automatic wrapping machines. • Continuous and full automatic production process • Full automatic film revolver dispenser for six film rolls • Welding (PE foil) or stitching heads (woven material and PE) • Small footprint and simple installation in existing lines • 60 sec for one package • Simple maintenance

*Patent pending North America Springer Microtec Inc. | | | 203, 1847 West Broadway | Vancouver, V6J1Y6 | Canada | T +1 604.879.4628

International Springer Maschinenfabrik GmbH | | | Hans-Springer-Strasse 2 | A-9360 Friesach | T +43 4268 2581-0 | F +43 4268 2581-45

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 19


Swedish group SCA maintains alliance with Microtec

The largest project in the company’s history to date was achieved in the course of several orders. Scanners from Microtec are now being used at all production stages of the SCA Bollstabruck sawmill. “We are very pleased with SCA’s decision to continue its

long-standing partnership with Microtec. This project is of outstanding strategic importance, as it combines our innovative scanning technology with the ability to display the entire production process in a completely transparent manner,” emphasizes Frank Jöst, CEO Microtec.

The project includes the implementation of a CT Log and a Logeye 302D fingerprint scanner in front of the sawing line. Microtec will also install two Goldeneye 900 Multi-Sensor Quality scanners for green sorting and another Goldeneye 900 for dry sorting. The analysis of the resulting data is carried out by using the Mill Manager developed by Microtec. “The implementation of the fingerprint concept, which runs through the entire sawmill process, represents a novelty for the sawmill industry and a paradigm shift in

Frank Jöst, CEO Microtec

both work preparation and process control,” explains Jörn Rathke, Technical Sales at Microtec.

Büttner energy & drying systems GMBH: four new drum dryers for highland pellets llc. New order for Büttner: The specialist for energy and drying systems will deliver four new drum dryers to the American pellet producer Highland Pellets LLC. Büttner convinced the Arkansasbased company with a practical conversion project and its many years of expertise in drying technology. At the end of June both cooperation partners signed the

another supplier did not achieve the planned capacity, so that replacement with new equipment was necessary. Büttner, known for its highperformance and reliable drying systems for pellet production, has already supplied numerous

New business partnership, modern contract conclusion via video conference, from top left to bottom right: Dirk Koltze (President Buettner Energy and Drying Systems North America LLC), Andreas Klug (Managing Director Büttner), Gottfried Bluthardt (Sales Manager Büttner), Tom Reilley (Chairman Highland Pellets), Stephen Rice (Director of Engineering, Highland Pellets), Dirk Homann (Managing Director Büttner) 3D layout of the new order: Four Büttner drum dryers, divided into two groups - open spaces in front and behind the dryers mark the locations of the existing energy plants

supply contract for the new plant, which will be installed in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Here Highland Pellets has been operating a plant for the production of wood pellets since 2017, which are mainly supplied to the European market. The total of eight existing dryers - four predryers and four main-dryers - from

dryers to US customers. Decades of experience as well as technical innovation also stabilized the Krefeld company’s high reputation in this market. This expertise paved the way for Büttner also in this current project: The four existing energy plants in Pine Bluff will be connected to four new, identical,

20 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

directly heated drum dryers type 4.2 x 24 R. The aspect of sustainability is also taken into account by the new equipment: “The new highperformance drying technology […] will significantly improve production volumes, quality, reliability and ensure we remain in full compliance with our air permit obligations”, says Jeff Vanderpool, CEO of Highland Pellets LLC, about the new project. “We are pleased that Highland

Pellets has chosen us as a new partner and is convinced of our expertise”, says Andreas Klug, Managing Director Büttner.

Comact’s GradExpertTM with Artificial Intelligence: The Wood Processing Industry’s Benchmark We switched to our current GradExpertTM which is using AI (deep learning) in July 2019, and the results are incredible. BID Group has provided us with a high-quality system, excellent service, and a professional, highly trained, dedicated, group of employees to work with. We are so impressed with our results that we will continue to use/install these systems at all our sites. The AI can adapt to changes in fiber, different species, and wood defects. In my opinion it is the best investment we made in our planer. — Lee Mason, Planer Manager at Dunkley Lumber Ltd. British Columbia, Canada

Over 225 vision scanners

installed – 20 with our newly AI solution

AI also available on the EdgExpertTM & TrimExpertTM the edger and trimmer vision optimizers Highly accurate

multi-species performance across the full spectrum of defects, including beetle attacked fiber

Partnering with you to bring a complete range of product life-cycle solutions | +1 450-435-2121

Opening of the Butt Flare Reducer – Hourglass-shaped chipping heads positioned to perform a circular cut of the log

Comact Butt Flare Reducer a disruptive solution The mechanical and optimization-control teams have combined to create innovative solutions


ptimization and automation has ensured the wood processing industry can deliver maximum material yield and cost-effective operations on a daily basis. While optimization and automation are widespread in sawmills, certain stages of processing are not at their full potential yet and this has a direct impact on the rest of the production line. This is the case for the debarking lines. Although they are undesirable, logs and stems with stumps or wide flares are usually part of the wood supply. Certain sawmills will resell these logs while others that do not have the proper equipment, will perform a risky operation to cut the end manually. This operation

22 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

also reduces the volume of the log. When this operation is mechanized, it is often performed on a line parallel to the sawmill’s main supply line, during a manually controlled operation. Otherwise, in certain sawmills there is a stump reducer with stationary rings on the production line, upstream of the debarking, to remove the section of the log that exceeds a given diameter. In both cases, the operation is strictly mechanical, and it is not optimal for the debarking and sawing lines when there is no accumulation upstream of the primary breakdown. BID Group claims to have introduced a disruptive solution with its optimized butt flare reducer. This Comact brand system

allows optimal and real time positioning of the cutting tool, composed of four chipping heads, for increased efficiency. Unlike the traditional cutting rings that turn around the log, the four hourglassshaped chipping heads positioned to form a circle, adjust in real time to the log diameter and shreds the exceeding part of the log. This cutting tool configuration allows to maintain the full speed of the line during reduction and also allows reduction on the complete length of the log. The robust carbide cutting tools ensure an extended service life. To design a butt flare reducer that would meet the market needs, BID Group’s multidisciplinary team joined forces to innovate. The mechanical R&D team worked several months to elaborate the best system to maintain the log position and reduce the log size. Meanwhile, the optimization and control team worked on the automation of the operation keeping in mind the flare reduction should not impact the debarking and sawing line speed. The butt flare reducer optimization system is a derivative of the breakdown optimization systems. The geometric log profile is determined by a Comact C2 scanner equipped with 3DPro laser heads. The system will provide an optimal flare reduction decision, targeting a section or the complete log, based on the diameter limitations in your sawmill, your optimization constraints, and your basket of products. “If you want, the Butt Flare Reducer can also produce rough cylindrical logs,” the manufacturer said. With the Comact optimization and automation system, the butt flare reducer can position itself in real time whatever the size of the log. This means that the switching of ring sizes based on the log


supply is no longer required, which translates in the reduction of wasted time and risks of accidents. In addition, it is no longer necessary to sort logs with a flare or stump to isolate and process them in a separate batch. Finally, the inward pressing system has more presses at the entry level than what is normally found on this type of system. Side rolls have also been added for a better centering of the log. The combination of presses and rolls maintains the log securely in position during the reduction process which ensures better debarking and sawing results. “Essentially, the optimized Butt Flare Reducer will allow you to reduce log handling problems downstream, maintain the debarking line speed whatever shape of logs are supplied, reduce the risk of jamming the debarker – which avoids wasted time and damage to the mechanical components downstream – improve debarking quality, and maintain the maximum rate of your sawing line,” BID stated. “Even though this equipment is often left aside in the design of debarking lines, it offers several advantages that will allow you to HALCO AD:Layout 3



Research and Development phase executed in BID Group’s world-class R&D center in St-Georges, Quebec

Optimized Butt Flare Reducer in operation – already three systems sold

maximize your investments and better respond to the challenge of wood supply variations.” BID Group’s optimized butt flare reducer constitutes a unique 17:22

offering given that this patentpending technology is the only optimized system currently available on the marketplace. Its real time positioning, flexibility

and high performance are most definitely an asset to improve operational performance.

Page 1

Optimise your production plan...

Optimise your operations OVER


Whatever your mill... Maximize profit by resolving trade-offs between recovery, production rate, and value



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Vancouver, Canada • Tel: 1 604 731 9311

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 23



Koskisen planning extensive sawmill investment

Koskisen’s sawn timber is shipped around the world


oskisen group is planning an extensive sawmill investment in Järvelä, Finland. The planned investment is valued at an estimated EUR 35–40 million. The intention is to make the investment decision during 2020, and the new mill would start operations in 2022. The new sawmill annual capacity is 365,000 m³. The new sawmill will also clearly improve productivity and yield by new equipment and digitalisation solutions. The investment will enable the utilisation of a broader range of log diameters in sawmilling, which will lead to larger volumes of wood being used in applications that sequester carbon for a longer period of time. After the second phase, annual production can be ramped up to 500,000 m3. The planned investment will increase Koskisen’s export revenues by as much as EUR 40 million a year. A significant part

of this growth will improve wellbeing in the Päijät-Häme region through the payment of salaries, wood purchases and the use of contracting services. The investment project will involve moving the sawmilling operations next to finishing and further processing, 4 kilometres away from the current location. This will create synergies in production and significantly reduce the emissions from the sawmill’s internal logistics. “Our mechanical wood processing cluster and further processing capacity integrated into the sawmilling process in Järvelä are the largest in Finland. Together with more efficient sawing, we will be able to meet the growing demand for wood products better than before. The new site could well be called a mechanical biorefinery; we manufacture panel products and sawn timber, i.e. essentially carbon sinks that capture and store carbon for decades in long-term end uses. The process produces multiple other fractions that can be used as raw materials by manufacturers of bio-based products and as bio-fuel by energy suppliers,” says Tommi Sneck, Director of Koskisen’s Sawn Timber Industry. For the project to become reality, additional studies are still required in areas such as improving the infrastructure conditions in Järvelä, obtaining the environmental permit and securing financing. “Sawmilling is a key part of

24 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

our Group’s core business and the backbone of our raw material supply. Sawmills pay two thirds of forest owners’ stumpage revenues, employ 25,000 people in their value chains in Finland, operate using almost exclusively domestic inputs and are carbon negative. In addition, sawn timber is one of Finland’s most important export products. Improving the competitiveness of sawmills is paramount not only for Koskisen Group, but also for the forest sector and Finland’s national economy as a whole,” says Koskisen’s CEO Jukka Pahta.

Koskisen is building a local partnership network for the investment project. Berater, a construction management consultancy firm, Sitowise, which is in charge of preparing the environmental permit application, and the LAB University of Applied Sciences have already joined the network.

Jukka Pahta, Koskisen’s CEO

Additional information: Tommi Sneck, Director, Sawn Timber Industry, +358 40 5498 218, Jukka Pahta, CEO, tel. +358 050 3894 499,

Tommi Sneck, Director of Koskisen’s Sawn Timber Industry


High speed full 4 sided gapless quality scanning Unparalleled defect detection thanks to integrated artificial intelligence and multisensor approach Improves high grade production and ensures product consistency Ability to scan rough, planed, green or dry

Behind this housing, or to be more precise, under the motors, the actual TAE circular saw is hidden

We were able to maintain 60% of the production. We had a very ambitious, but feasible schedule. The planning and the execution were perfectly planned by EWD, meaning that we could start up again on January 24 – exactly as planned

Superb investment

John Murray, Murray Timber Group

High-speed optimizing edger systems from EWD impresses in every regard


he first EWD line was commissioned in 2017 in Ireland. With a feed speed of up to 420 m/min and a performance of up to 65 boards per minute, it ranks among the fastest systems of the sawmill specialist from Southern Germany. “We looked at several EWD optimizing edger systems in Germany. We really liked the solutions,” explains John Murray in regard to the decision to invest in the new EWD line. The system is impressive in many regards: it is the first that EWD has delivered to Ireland. The schedule was very tight and the space was restricted, and on top of this, Murray had opted for the high-performance OptiDrive TAE edger optimizer with skew and slew sawbox. Murray Timber operates two sawmills in Ireland with a total consumption of around 520,000 m³ per year. In Ballon, the focus is mainly on lumber for house building and timber construction. A reducer quad bandsaw with secondary resaw group and two optimizing board edgers are used as the main machines. One of the

two was replaced at the turn of the year 2016/17. The existing edger was rather old and had reached its capacity limits. In terms of performance, the new OptiDrive edger from EWD replaces both edger systems at Murray’s Ballon site. However, the second machine remains in use for emergencies.

Perfect execution Murray stopped the old edger on December 13, 2016. Production continued for the most part on the main machine and second edger optimizer to minimize losses. “We were able to maintain 60% of the production. We had a very ambitious, but feasible schedule. The planning and the execution were perfectly planned by EWD, meaning that we could start up again on January 24 – exactly as planned,” explains Murray. The exchange was thus successfully completed within seven weeks, including a break over the Christmas period. Full performance was reached just one week after commissioning. The side boards reach the OptiDrive edger from the right side.

26 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Happy about the smooth process: Christopher Wolf (EWD Project Manager), Joseph and John Murray as well as Thomas Lang (EWD Sales) (from left to right)

The OptiDrive edger system runs automatically, the operator’s role is mainly to monitor the process and only intervene when necessary




All centring rollers and several pressure rollers are driven in order to accelerate the board to a feed speed of up to 420 m/min


The boards come from the sawing line from the right, these can be trimmed back (A) or poor quality ones can be rejected via the tipple (B)

Singulation and manipulation area in front of Ireland’s first EWD optimizing edger system at Murray Timber in Ballon

The system can process boards with lengths ranging from 3.7 to 6.3 m. “The sawing height is between 16 and 55 mm, whereby

Murray’s main size is 44 mm,” explains Thomas Lang from EWD. He manages the project at Murray Timber together with

Project Manager Christopher Wolf. The unedged board width ranges from 120 to 550 mm. After separation, the boards can be turned on the manipulation table, cross-cutted or rejected via a sorting flap, on demand. The boards are then transported laterally through the pre-scanning system. This system determines a preliminary board shape and open face, in order to position the board optimally at the infeed table.

Murray Timber Group

The system aligns the boards on the infeed table based pre-scanning data

Murray Timber Group is a familyrun business established in 1977. Since its foundation the group has grown to become one of the largest, most progressive and flexible sawmills in Ireland. Operations are spread across two production facilities in Ballygar County Galway, and Ballon in County Carlow. With world class processing

facilities capable of processing in excess of 1,000,000M3 of logs annually, Murray Timber has the capacity to ensure that forest owners always get the best price for their timber. Their plants are ideally located to meet domestic and export demand. All their construction timber is kiln-dried and graded in accordance with NSAI standards to ensure adherence to specified moisture content regulation. This is achieved by using state-of-the-art drying techniques. Timber is then regularised on the planing line and graded to ensure it is of the highest quality to meet our customers requirements. The text and photos, in this article are produced by kind permission of Martina Nöstler/

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 27

Shredders & Grinders

Money is the colour green Size-reduction technology is looking more and more profitable as a secondary revenue stream or primary business


nyone who took the time to read the comment at the front of this edition would be aware of our predicted course for global green policies moving forward, following the COVID-19 pandemic, which has led to increased government powers. The argument goes that any forms of green product, particularly green and renewable energies, will be favoured as governments use increased stakes in enterprise to force the environment to the front of the business agenda. This is likely to be a boon for forestry in general, but particularly for biomass production. And while high-level chippers may be the primary recipient of this new favour, all size-reduction technologies could potentially have an angle into new business.

28 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Here, we present some of the leading products in this technology space that could turn forest waste into money for entrepreneurs.

Peterson Pacific Corp, a brand of Astec Industries, is an industry leader producing a full line of grinders, disc and drum chippers, flail debarkers, and blower trucks. A history of innovation and reliable manufacturing has established a reputation for equipment of the highest quality. Peterson equipment is proudly manufactured in Eugene, Oregon, where each machine is engineered and built to exacting standards. Peterson was the one of the

first to develop portable horizontal grinders as wood waste recycling machines. This industry-changing innovation made sustainable forestry practices more attainable. Using horizontal grinders to process bark waste from in-field chipping into a value-added product means leaving less waste and site clean-up. Grinding slash into hog-fuel or nutrient-rich forest bedding can lessen logging impacts to an operation site. Reducing materials before it leaves the job site can increase payload and reduce truck traffic, fuel usage, and road erosion. Peterson’s continued commitment to sustainability and innovation has developed specialized delivery and processing equipment that turns low-grade

Peterson 4710D

organic materials into high value products. The company’s strong foundation of innovations, one built upon the next, culminate into a premium product. “Not only are they built to withstand the harsh conditions of forestry operations, but they also offer the lowest operating cost per tonne,” the company said. Peterson’s three-stage grinding process starts with its patented upturn rotor, drawing material into the grinding chamber. The anvil is positioned for optimum sizing and the large grate area offers highproduction. The upturn process provides better material fracturing, and Peterson’s four-grate sizing system makes it easy to produce the size material customer demands. This grate system offers unparalleled customization to tool the machine to fit output needs. Grates are removed through an easy-access door on the side wall. Combined with Peterson’s heavy-duty bits, and robust anvil,

Peterson 2750D International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 29

Peterson 1700D wheeled

their horizontal grinders have an exceptional wear life and accurate product sizing. All Peterson grinders feature an adaptive feed system. This system monitors the grinding load and varies the speed of the feed system to keep the engine working at the top of its power curve. A patented Impact Release System allows contaminants to be ejected from the grinding chamber to reduce the risk of catastrophic damage from ungrindable objects like rocks and metal, a system unique to Peterson. Peterson+ is a telematics system now available on all new Peterson grinders. It gives the owner and operator a live view of their equipment performance, and GPS location details. Loading operators can see common machine analytics right from their cab. Peterson+ includes a host of other features, including maintenance log, directions to the machine site, and historical machine data. Optional features increase the grinders flexibility between jobs. Work lights, cold weather kits, magnetic cross belt conveyor. The company’s liquid injection system is a high-flow water option that’s great for mulch coloring and dust control, and an optional transportation dolly is available on many Peterson grinder models. With an eye on innovation, Peterson has added several new models to the lineup.

1700 Series Horizontal Grinders Peterson’s most significant addition to the of horizontal grinder lineup brings big power in a small package. This compact grinder has a 44 ft 1 in (1,344 cm) operating length but packs an impressive 455 hp (339 kW) Caterpillar C9.3B Tier IV engine and a large feed opening of 54 ft x 27 in (137 x 69 cm). The 1700D Horizontal Grinder is available with wheels, while the 1710D Horizontal Grinder is a tracked model. The 1700D has a pintle hitch and can be transported between job sites with a dump truck.

Peterson 1710D

designed for high-volume producers with very demanding end-product specifications. The 4700D is powered by a Tier IV Caterpillar C18 engine rated at 755 HP (563 kW).

2750D Horizontal Grinder Peterson’s new 2750D Electric Horizontal Grinder is powered by a single 600 HP (450 kW) electric motor. An on-site electric machine may be the answer for grinding mill

4700D Horizontal Grinder The most recent model release, the 4700D Horizontal Grinder, is a wheeled horizontal grinder

Peterson 4700D

30 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

residuals to increasing profits since electric power costs are typically much lower than diesel fuel costs. With a feed opening of 60¾ in x 32 in (154 cm x 81 cm) combined with Peterson’s high lift feed roll for an optional opening up to 44 in (112 cm) high, the 2750D can reduce a diverse range of raw materials. While Peterson brought the industry-changing horizontal

grinder to the marketplace to process wood waste from in-field chipping operations, sustained growth and a focus on customeroriented products continues keep the manufacturer at the forefront of the market.

is designed to receive a steady stream of bark or sawmill waste a vertical feed hog is the preferred option. Typically in this scenario most of the incoming material is preprocessed further upstream and it already sized to be processed through this type of grinder.

Rawlings Vertical Grinders

Equipment manufacturer Rawlings describes itself as a “proven leader” in size reduction technology that specializes in helping business owners with the design of custom wood-waste recovery systems for specific processing needs and budgets. Rawlings states it can handle every aspect of configuring, building, installing, and supporting a complete materials processing system. Its electric stationary systems come in all shapes and sizes – indoor/outdoor; from simple stand-alone vertical hogs for saw and paper mills, to complete multi-dimensional systems. “Add a wide variety of available options, and you’ve got the flexibility to customize the perfect wood waste recovery system,” the company stated. Each system can be designed with work platform decks, choice of belt, chain or vibrating in-feed and out-feed conveyors, metal or magnet protection, product screening and separation all customizable for specific operations. Markets for wood waste start with feedstock for engineered woods, landscape mulch, soil conditioner, animal bedding, compost additive, sewage sludge, and boiler fuel. All these end uses have similar processing requirements in that the wood waste has to be separated from other wastes, cleaned by removing contaminants and fasteners, and, in some cases, processed through grinding or chipping. The final use of the wood waste often determines how clean and consistent the feedstock must be (California Integrated Waste

Management 2001). “During our 40 years designing wood waste grinding systems we have found that most of our clients are looking to get the smallest end particle size on a single pass, onestage pass through the grinder,” Rawlings said. “We often suggest that this is not always the most economical option in the long run. “Running the grinder and related equipment at full surge capacity results in higher consumption of spare parts and maintenance costs. And depending if you’re using electricity or diesel fuel these costs add up over time.” During the preliminary design there are many factors that should be considered. Such factors include species of wood, moisture content, diameter and length of incoming wood waste, metal contamination and most importantly the required

end product size. For high volume high capacity wood handling operations that typically receive a large variety of contaminated materials such as railroad ties, pallets, construction, demolition and hurricane waste, Rawlings recommends wood waste systems to incorporate a combination of equipment. This could include both horizontal and vertical feed grinders. Horizontal grinders or slow speed grinders are often utilized as the primary grinder while the vertical grinders are used to produce a smaller more consistent particle size. Using metal protection, product screening and separation allows the customer to protect their investment while producing a high-quality consistent end product. If the wood handling system

Each unit is equipped with the Rawlings Super Hi-Inertia Solid Steel Rotor. With the increased inertia of the solid steel rotor our machine runs at lower RPM’S than many competitors, resulting in overall savings of electricity and maintenance costs. The Rawlings wood hog is recognized in the industry as a ‘Green monster hog’ and provides the crushing and shearing power needed to handle really tough jobs like green waste, cypress, redwood, cedar, black spruce, poplar and a wide range of other stringy and fibrous material. The machines are also tolerant of contaminants, rocks and metal without catastrophic maintenance costs if metal enters the grinding chamber. “For over 40 years, we’ve assisted our customers in utilizing renewable resources while reducing and recycling a wide variety of wood waste into valuable wood fiber products,” Rawlings stated. “We offer a complete line up of seven different sizes of both vertical and horizontal hogs to fit any application.”

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Dual cutting surfaces at various depths help the H-3060 eliminate frustrating jams

“Whatever side of the fence you’re on these days, be sure to have Precision Husky with you,” the manufacturer states with just a touch of bias. “It’s one of those jobsite nobrainers; like wearing a hardhat. Why? Because Precision Husky has evolved into one of the world’s top providers of tough and tested forestry equipment. We keep getting better because we never stop to rest on our laurels. Our equipment is designed with your paycheck in mind and built to work as hard as you do. “Today, our fuel-efficient, low maintenance and low noise grinders are being used all over the world to manufacture mulch, compost and boiler fuel and to clear and clean jobsites. “In this day and age, at least everybody can agree on high-speed productivity. Our industry leading horizontal and tub grinders will make you wonder how you ever got along without them.”

diesel engine and offering from 520 hp up to 1,050 hp, depending on requirements. The dual cutting surfaces at various depths eliminate frustrating jams. The 3045 offers a 30 in cutting diameter and a 45 in infeed width, the 3060 has a 30 in cutting diameter and a 60 in infeed width, and the 4060 has a 40-inch cutting diameter and a wide 60 in infeed width. ProGrind horizontal grinders are built with a down cut design, which allows operators to switch out the hammermill for a two or four-knife chipper drum. “Many of our customers find

this feature a particular cost saver,” Precision said. “No need to buy a chipper when your grinder can do the job.”

ProGrind Tub Grinders Precision Husky also offers six popular models of ProGrind tub grinders, each built with ease of operation, cost and productivity in mind. “All of our tub grinders, from our PG 900 base model to our powerhouse PG 5200, offer industry-leading user-friendly controls, clutch protection and different hammer options for grinding versatility,” the manufacturer stated. “The tub

tilts 90° for easy access to the hammermill, screens and lower auger area. Feedback on the newest offering, the ProGrind 5200, has been “fantastic”. It contains one of the most aggressive hammermills in the industry. It can cut through mountains of green waste at production rates of over 100 t/h. The special double-bolt hammer tips provide more durability and grinding ease, assuring high production rates, less wear on the hammermill and easy maintenance. It’s been called the most powerful, easy to use tub grinder in the industry, according to the manufacturer. The 5200 also is a technological accomplishment. It is operated by

ProGrind Horizontal Grinders For working with long limbs, Pecision’s high-speed ProGrind horizontal grinders are difficult to beat. There are three models (H-3045, H-3060 and H-4060) to choose from, each with a rugged 32 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

The Precision Husky H-3045 is one of three horizontal grinders from the ProGrind range

ProGrind 5200 - T - The special double-bolt hammer tips provide more durability and grinding ease, assuring high production rates, less wear on the hammermill and easy maintenance. It’s been called the most powerful, easy to use tub grinder in the industry, according to the manufacturer

a dust and water-resistant, shockmounted control box with a Sauer Plus 1 system, CAN+ radio remote controls and a smart display panel. The enclosed, wet hydraulic clutch is engaged from the control panel with fault indicators using a push button microprocessor. Many customers have chosen the knuckleboom-loader option, complete with air-conditioned cab (standard) and state-of-the-art joystick.

Profile More than 100 experienced, highly dedicated and motivated employees, many of whom are former loggers and wood processors, work from Precision’s 165,000 sq.ft manufacturing facility in Leeds, Alabama. Inside the plant,

ProGrind 5200

the manufacture is constantly working to innovate and improve. “Precision Husky is a clear example of the American Dream come true,” the company states. “Our President Scott Smith is a second-generation innovator like his father, company founder and CEO Bob Smith. Together they have

seen Precision go from a small regional provider to a worldwide leader in timber processing technology, with customers in 120 countries.”

All of our tub grinders, from our PG 900 base model to our powerhouse PG 5200, offer industry-leading user-friendly controls, clutch protection and different hammer options for grinding versatility Precision Husky

ProGrind horizontal grinders are built with a down cut design

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 33

The TG7000

Tub Grinder v Horizontal Grinder Industry leading supplier examines the all-important question of what’s the right grinder for a given operation


hen it comes time to add or replace a grinder in your equipment fleet, one of the first questions an operator should consider is: “Do I need a tub grinder or a horizontal grinder?” It is important to compare the two grinder designs and features for yourself and then determine which is right for a given operation. Here is a brief overview of things to consider during the buying process.

Safety considerations According to David Steege, recycling account manager at RDO Equipment, properly trained and experienced operators know that if they are working with material that may contain non-organic contaminants (i.e. metal), they need to spend a bit of time sorting and paying close attention to every load they feed into the grinder. This step will help mitigate the risk of thrown objects. “With tub grinders, features like the patented thrown object restrain system (TORS) found on Vermeer models, can help reduce the amount and distance of thrown objects,” explained Steeg.

34 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

“The TORS system has a deflector plate positioned across from the hammer mill to help redirect loose material back inside the tub. Making sure the tub grinder’s bowl is filled to proper capacity – per your operator’s manual – also can help reduce the risk of the grinder throwing material. Since tub grinders use gravity to feed the hammer mill, a full tub can provide an additional layer of protection to help keep material where it belongs.” To help mitigate the risk of metal contaminants cycling through with organic material, Vermeer grinders (tub and horizontal) can be outfitted with the optional Vermeer Damage Defense System. When a metal contaminant is detected during operations, the Damage Defense system will alert the grinder control and automatically initiate the shutdown process.

Space available Some in the industry may have heard that tub grinders need a lot more room to operate. This is due to the distance thrown objects can travel, but Steege explained that there is more you need to consider

on the topic of working areas. “Tub grinders will often be used to process a lot of different types of wood waste, and possibly in a setting where the incoming material may not be the cleanest,” he said. “Tubs can handle that type of material, but it’s always advisable to have more open area surrounding the machine. Otherwise, the operational space needs for horizontal and tub grinders are similar.”

Material sizing Next on your list of considerations is which machine is going to size your material more consistently. There are several factors to consider when thinking about this area beyond the basic tub or horizontal grinder design. “Consistency of material sizing can be more related to the quality of the machine and how all of the moving parts work together than whether it’s a tub or horizontal grinder,” said Steege. “The Vermeer duplex drum system and screen configuration optimize the grinders’ performance to produce a quality end product.” Steege went on to say that taking a look at the size of the

With tub grinders, features like the patented thrown object restrain system (TORS) found on Vermeer models, can help reduce the amount and distance of thrown objects David Steege, Recycling Account Manager, RDO Equipment

The TG7000 packs innovation and power for large land clearing projects and organic/wood waste processing applications. It processes through wood waste quickly with the exclusive Vermeer duplex drum to minimize maintenance, a PT tech wet clutch with microprocessor to automatically limit torque when necessary, and a patented cutting system outfitted with 10 hammers and 20 double-bolt cutter blocks.

Built for land-clearing and pipeline right-of-way operations, the HG6800TX horizontal grinder offers a high-horsepower engine on a tracked machine with a compact design. Featuring 950 hp (708 kW) in a 92,000 lb (41,730.5 kg) class, and an infeed design designed specifically for feeding larger materials, the new grinder is built to power through tough materials with less operator interaction

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 35

incoming material is a more important consideration. “When I’m in the field talking to contractors and facility managers about grinders, one of the first things I ask them about is the type and size of material they are going to be grinding. Horizontal grinders are more efficient than tubs at handling longer material because less cutting is required before it can be fed through the machine. “So, if they are going to be running long branches and tree trunks, a horizontal grinder will likely be their more efficient machine. However, if they are running a bunch of stumps and odd sizes of material, they are going to

want a tub grinder.” For loose green waste, Steege said either grinder is fine, but tub grinders may be more efficient for their operation. “With horizontal grinders, the material is being force-fed into the drum, but tubs use gravity, so there are fewer moving parts involved with the process.”

Transportability Depending on the line of work, hauling, or only moving a grinder around a facility is another factor to consider. If working on a big job or frequently needing to reposition the grinder, business owners are going to want to look

at a grinder with tracks. If that’s a need, horizontal grinders like the Vermeer HG6000TX and HG6800TX are good options to consider. If moving from one site to another, it is important to review any DOT size and weight restrictions in the area to see which unit will be more efficient to haul. “The sides on Vermeer tub grinders fold in for transporting, which gives them a similar travel width as a comparably-sized horizontal grinder,” Steege explained. “However, tub grinders without a loader are considerably lighter than that same horizontal grinder, which can help reduce transportation expenses.”

HG6800TX DamageDefense

To help reduce the likelihood of major machine damage caused by certain metal contaminants entering the hammermill, Vermeer has introduced Damage Defense system – an option now available for tub and horizontal grinders. If a mill comes in contact with metal while grinding, Damage Defense system will alert the

grinder control and automatically initiate the shutdown process. The system idles the engine down, reverses the infeed or tub and disengages the clutch. Once the contaminant is cleared, normal operation can resume. “The optional Damage Defense system is ideal for any tub or horizontal grinder operation that may encounter metal mixed in their incoming material,” said

36 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Jeff Bradley, Product Manager for Recycling and Forestry equipment at Vermeer. “The system can be factoryinstalled on new Vermeer grinders, and is available as a refitted option for many older Vermeer grinder models.” The Vermeer Damage Defense system uses exclusive technology to reduce the possibility of severe damage when large metal objects enter the hammermill, and operators can easily adjust

Preference As can be seen, both tub grinders and horizontal grinders have helpful qualities to offer. So, when it’s time to add or replace a grinder in a fleet, it’s important to think about the needs and what type of grinder will deliver the best results for an organization. If a business needs a little help along the way, recycling and forestry specialists can help weigh the pros and cons of each grinder type.

The optional Damage Defense system is ideal for any tub or horizontal grinder operation that may encounter metal mixed in their incoming material Jeff Bradley, Vermeer the sensitivity settings for jobsite conditions to help reduce nuisance shutdowns. It is integrated into the grinder’s controls system, and features robust components and a weatherresistant box.

The e-mobile concept combines the compact design and flexibility of a mobile machine with the energy efficiency of a stationary machine

of waste, and can break down even the most difficult materials to defined grain sizes. With its two low-speed rotors with teeth, the Crambo is one of the best machines there is for stoppage-free shredding of all types of wood and green cuttings. Transportation to the worksite is by hooklift system or 3-axle trailer. The compact outside dimensions of the e-mobile machines are scarcely different

Komptech goes electromobile The e-mobile versions of the Terminator and Crambo shredders expand Komptech’s line of mobile electric machines. They can be used indoors and outdoors, thus combining the advantages of stationary electrically operated systems, such as less noise and no emissions, with the flexibility of mobile machines.


omptech has driven the development of energy efficient machines for years, and offers an extensive selection of electrically powered star and drum screens. The company has now developed a power concept for shredding machines that allows both electric and mobile use. On the mobile e-versions of the Terminator and Crambo the hydraulics are driven by a highly efficient electric motor instead of a diesel engine. This electric drive saves up to 70 of the energy costs for the same material throughput. What’s more, these machines can be run with renewable energy instead of fossil fuels, thus contributing directly to CO2 reduction.

Connection and disconnection can easily be done by just one person mobile shredders come in the same power levels that have proven their worth in stationary use. 160 kW corresponds to the familiar 3400 power level and 200 kW to 5000. As a single-shaft shredder, the Terminator pre-shreds all kinds

“Think green” – Terminator and Crambo e-mobile The electric motors of the lowspeed Terminator and Crambo

from the diesel-powered Terminator and Crambo. It’s a different story in the motor compartment. Here, an electric motor shares the uncluttered space with a switchgear cabinet of protection class IP54, that protects the electronic components inside very effectively against dust and high outside temperatures. The placement of the switchgear cabinet right in the machine makes transportation easier and enables fast start-up at the site. Thanks to the clever single-plug system, one person can connect the power cable alone. Furthermore, with electric drive the maintenance effort is reduced by up to 50 percent versus the diesel versions.

“e-mobile” stands for the semi-mobile electric versions of the familiar Terminator and Crambo low-speed shredders International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 37

Morbark 2400X

Forestry, biomass and recycling equipment manufacturer, Morbark, debuted the 2400X and 3000X Wood Hog horizontal grinders at this year’s CONEXPO/CON-AGG show in Las Vegas, Nevada. Both machines can be equipped with tracks (XT models), and the 3000X can be built as a fifth-wheel/ dualaxle unit (3000X) or pintle hitch/triaxle. Ideal for niche markets like municipal solid waste, pallet recycling, sawmills, nurseries and tree care debris, both grinders are perfect for processing yard waste, brush and other mixed woody feedstock into a saleable product. These grinders are designed to be modular and available in multiple configurations for various applications. These newest models in the X Series of next-generation horizontal grinders from Morbark follow the successful launches of the 3400X in March 2017 and 6400X in May 2018 and maintain Morbark’s focus on versatility, transportability and operator-

friendliness. “Morbark continues to expand our efforts to better serve the needs of all our customers no matter where they live and work around the world,” said Michael Stanton, Morbark Director of Industrial Products. “The 2400X and 3000X broaden our line of horizontal grinders for all global markets and further extend our reach into key niche markets both domestically and internationally.” One of the most important features of the 2400X and 3000X is their compact size. Their standard width (2400X: 7 ft 6 in/2.29 m, 3000X: 8 ft 2 in/2.49 m) make them within the legal transport width in any country. The models also share design features like the sloped infeed sides, which improve operator sight lines for more efficient loading of material, and easy-to-load grate systems. The 2400X ranges in horsepower from 188-203 hp (140.2-151.4 kW), while the 3000X has engine options from 350577 hp (260-430 kW). Like all of Morbark Wood Hog models, both the 2400X and 3000X is also available with electric power.

38 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

2400X Key Features The infeed system consists of one 20 in (50.8 cm) diameter top compression feed roll with internal drive and a 53 in wide x 8 ft 2 in (134.6 cm x 2.49 m) smooth rubber belt or optional steel chain infeed conveyor. The 2400X has a 9 ft long x 52 in wide (2.74 m x 132.08 cm) infeed floor, infeed flares and cleated belly belt and maintenance access doors. The manual folding infeed tray is adjustable to various positions and adds 3 ft (0.91 m) to the infeed length when open or closes to contain small material. The large, proven design, 22 ft x 49.25 in (55.88 cm x 125.1 cm) downturn hammermill system, plate and pin style, with 22 singlebolt inserts set in a V pattern, improves feeding characteristics, ease of maintenance and durability. Routine maintenance and grate changes are easily conducted by a single operator due to the 93 gallon (352 litre) fuel tank, which pivots away from the machine to allow easy access, and the single, side-load grate system (AR450 steel grates are available in multiple sizes and patterns).

The 36 in (91.44 cm) wide chevron discharge conveyor belt is available in a single section stationary 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m) height conveyor or folding 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m) height conveyor and can be equipped with optional magnetic head drum for ferrous metal removal. An adjustable backside flat idler allows for drive belt tensioning with no need to move the engine.

cm) wide stacking conveyor with hydraulic fold for transport and can be equipped with optional magnetic head drum for ferrous metal removal. Like the 2400X, the 3000X is designed so that a single operator can change the grates. The 3000X’s

top-load system with four grates includes a hydraulic hinged door for quick and easy access. Both models are equipped with the Morbark Integrated Control System — or MICS. The ultimate diagnostics tool and control system, this allows the operator to

automatically adjust feed rates and monitor pressures and feed wheel position to maximize production and engine efficiency.

3000X Key Features The variable speed infeed system consists of one 34 in (86.36 cm) diameter top compression feed roll with internal drive and a 12 ft 4 in long x 57.5 in (3.76 m x 146 cm) wide live floor designed to accept both WD120 and slat chain. The plate and pin style, up-turn hammermill system measures 32 ft x 58.5 in (81.28 cm x 149 cm) and has 18 double-edged replaceable inserts and 18 rakers. The discharge system consists of a hydraulically driven, horizontal 42 in x 14’2 in (106.68 cm x 4.3 m) aggregate belt conveyor discharging onto a 36 in (91.44

Both the new 2400X and 3000X Wood Hog horizontal grinders come equipped with the Morbark Integrated Control System, a diagnostics and control system that automatically adjusts feed rates and feed wheel position

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 39

Jenz presented the BA 916 D biomass processor for the first time over summer; it is the successor to the previous BA 915 and is being released with new technical highlights. Though it has hardly changed optically from its predecessor, the new model is no longer recognizable in everyday operation because of the numerous detailed improvements, according to the manufacturer. Since its introduction at IFAT 2016, the BA 915 has been operating in industry, being commended for its economic efficiency and its innovative maintenance concept, with a sideways-swivelling conveyor. Building on these product strengths, Jenz has used the

statutory engine conversion from Stage IV Final to Stage V for a relaunch. “The main development results from updating the control,” explains Jenz Product Manager Dominik Meden. The innovative easy2 controller, which has been used in the chipper for the past three years, and the additional keypad (the easy2HOTKEY-Box), have already proven themselves in the compact BA 615 and offer new operating and diagnostic options, such as the unique driver assistance systems. “These systems are being used for the first time on a shredder,” Meden said. “They simplify daily tasks for the machine operator enormously.” For example, the setup and dismantling assistant that helps to put the machine into operation

40 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

New easy2CONNECT radio remote control with active status feedback ensures that all functions and processes can be monitored

in less than a minute, or the maintenance assistant which enables the sideways-swivelling outfeed belt to be opened within a very short time.

Optimized human-to-machine communication To improve communication between man and machine, Jenz introduced the new easy2CONNECT radio remote control for the first time on the BA 916.

“An integrated display with status indicator ensures that all functions and processes can be monitored,” Meden said. “In addition, LED status lights on the engine compartment cover signal the operator from a distance whether the machine is ready for operation, a fault has occurred, the tank is empty or the machine is in standby mode” is how the product manager describes the optimized communication solutions.”

Retaining reliability • Powerful Mercedes Benz engine with 530 hp Upgrade: Stage V motor generation

• Convenient maintenance access with sideways-swivelling outfeed belt Upgrade: Opening at the push of a button • Folding outfeed belt with discharge height of 4,400 mm

All-in-all, this provides an optimal maintenance cycle

• Simple replacement of two-piece screen basket

Dominik Meden, Jenz

• With easy2TOUCH display and easy2HOTKEY-Box keypad for fast machine operation

Designing something new Innovative easy2 controller …

• Extended diagnostic options Flexibility and efficiency thanks to shredding modes

The BA 916 comes with sophisticated technology and at the same time perfectly adapted to the operator

Maintenance solutions added Regular maintenance is essential for a biomass processor. Maintenance access for the new BA 916 has therefore been optimized once again. The system of the swivelling tool box, which has already been proven on mobile chippers, is being used for the first time. “All-in-all, this provides an optimal maintenance cycle: first the conveyor belt, which can be swivelled sideways, is opened at the push of a button,” Meden said. “Afterwards, thanks to the new integrated professional tool system, the operator has direct access to tools and spare parts in an ergonomic arrangement. There is no need for tiresome carrying around and the maintenance time is reduced enormously.”

Constantly changing boundary conditions on the biomass market requires enormous flexibility in the machine park. At the same time, the demands on the quality level remain high. The new BA 916 offers programmable shredding modes. These are pre-set at the factory but can be individually adapted to the desired starting material by the operator. “Anyone who frequently processes green waste, for example, can now call up the optimum machine settings at the touch of a button. As a result, valuable time can be saved and the machine can call up its full output independently of the operator and always produce consistent quality,” explained Meden. Furthermore, different tool combinations provide a flexible use of the biomass processor. This means that the machine can be converted in a very short time to process green waste, bark or

Active status feedback … • LED status lights on engine compartment cover show machine status from a distance Unique driver assistance systems … • Setup/dismantling assistant • GFA draw-in regulating system • Maintenance assistant • Programmable shredder modes, factory pre-set easy2CONNECT remote version … • Active status feedback via display • Integrated loading tray on the machine and additional loading tray for wheeled loader/excavator Professional tool system … • Swivelling toolbox • Direct access to tools and spare parts • Including compressed air connection and screwdriver and work lighting. timber. The benefit of this is that it is not necessary to exchange the rotor. In a nutshell, Meden describes the new development as follows: “The new shredder presents itself as technically sophisticated and

perfectly adapted to the operator at the same time. The result is fewer emissions with simultaneously more aggressive draw-in behaviour and further increased productivity.”

The innovative easy2 controller supports the operator with innovative assistance systems, like setup/dismantling and maintenance assistant or different shredding modes International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 41


Agility meets strength 42 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

S The quest for the perfect skidder is an ongoing vocation for leading suppliers

John Deere 648L

uppliers of skidding technology continue to challenge themselves to find the ultimate balance between agility in the forest and the necessary strength, robustness and power to do one the forestry sector’s most thankless task – picking up after the feller bunchers. Similarly to the felling machines, skidders are required to move nimbly through the stands to collect their loads but the focus has historically been on growing the power to shift more mass. These days, contractors are less inclined to value the load moved in a single trip over the ability to complete more loads using a more agile machine. What’s more, they are acutely aware of the struggle to attract and keep good machine operators, which is best done – from a machine perspective – by providing a more comfortable ride. In this article, we look at a the leading suppliers and how they are finding the balance for operators in this challenging environment.

Powerful and reliable, the John Deere L-Series II Skidders provide loggers with an equipment solution to help them overcome “any challenge” they encounter on the job, the manufacturer claimed. Comprised of the 640L-II, 748LII, 848L-II, and 948L-II models, the L-Series II line is equipped with impressive horsepower, consistent engine speed, a leading power-toweight ratio and superb pulling power, resulting in increased responsiveness and efficiency. The L-Series II machines feature a simplified design, with over 1,600 component changes. By eliminating several mechanical components, these machines are easier to service and maintain. “The two-piece wiring harness makes it easier to work on machines,” said Wayne Sugg of Sugg Logging, who was one of the first loggers to test the new machines. “These changes make the machine more reliable, which saves time and money on maintenance.” The two-speed 4000 winch boosts productivity by increasing the line pull, making it faster than the previous machines. The

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 43

The two-piece wiring harness makes it easier to work on machines Wayne Sugg, Sugg Logging

John Deere 648L

new steering sensors improve operator comfort by controlling the articulation impact when nearing frame-to-frame contact. The L-Series II Skidders feature

an increased grapple squeeze force of up to 10%. This provides constant pressure so operators are less likely to lose a log, even if a load gets jarred. A variety of

44 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

grapple options, including the 17.5 ft2 grapple on the 648L-II or a 22.3 ft2 option on the 948L-II, deliver more wood to the landing with fewer skids.

The easy-to-use Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) combines the efficiency of a direct-drive transmission with the smoothness of a hydrostatic drive. The CVT provides more power to the ground by sensing the load, delivering more torque and tractive effort as needed to maintain the operator’s wanted speed. By controlling the engine speeds, the CVT feature reduces engine wear while providing excellent fluid economy. Additionally, with CVT, the operator no longer has to shift gear. Instead, the operator simply sets the maximum speed and CVT will do the rest. Designed by loggers for loggers, the L-Series II models have spacious cabs to provide a dynamic and comfortable experience. The cabs include a good deal of storage space, configurable controls and a highly effective HVAC system. The armrest-mounted electrohydraulic controls provide accessible, handfinger operation of all machine functions while the joystick steering provides smooth control of steering, direction and ground speed. Reducing neck strain, an optional rotating high-back seat improves rearward visibility to the grapple. Six high-intensity halogen lights are standard, ideal for work in lowlight conditions. Designed with larger components, the rugged OutboardExtreme axles, standard on the 848L-II and 948L-II models and optional on the 748L-II machine, provide maximum jobsite durability while the heavier weight boosts machine stability. A pressurized

continuous-lube system and independent axle filters extends wear life up to 15,000 hours. For improved durability in the woods, the grapples are equipped with strong box-style tongs with harder wear surfaces, maximizing strength and increasing the component life. The straight bushings at the grapple, arch, boom and blade joints can be quickly replaced and deliver a long, trouble-free life. Additionally, grease-through pins boast increased resistance to dust, rust and debris. Finally, the redesigned frame and arch are reinforced, improving durability. The L-Series II models are built with serviceability in mind. Large panels are easily unlatched for fast, wide-open access to filters and critical components. Grease points for the boom and arch are easily reached from ground level, while extended service intervals help to further simplify maintenance and reduce expense. The hydraulicdriven variable-speed fan only runs as needed, reducing fuel consumption and debris flow the cooler cores. Finally, the hydraulic filter service interval is

4,000 hours, extending the time between maintenance and limiting downtime. Enhancing visibility and communication for a successful workday, the L-Series II Skidders are compatible with the TimberMatic Maps and TimberManager software solutions.

Providing a precise location, estimated volume, and percentage complete for up to two species of timber, loggers are can plan out their workday from start to finish. Throughout the day operators can update the map for improved team visibility and can add items to the digital maps such as areas

of interest, soft ground or hazards. These features can be shared with an operator’s team in real-time to optimize jobsite awareness and production as a system of machines.



FAE forestry mulchers and shredders can process all kinds of vegetation above and below ground. They can be attached on any 50hp to 500hp tractor. FAE Group S.p.A. Zona Produttiva 18 | 38013 Fondo (TN) Italy | Tel. +39 0463 840000 | |

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 45

The new powerful, efficient 632H

The Tigercat H-series skidders introduce a new, larger cab, while also improving serviceability,

reliability, and efficiency. The new skidder line will see the release of the 620H, 630H, and 632H four-wheel skidders, as well as the 625H and 635H six-wheel skidders.

The new H-series cab with 20% interior space and 19% more window area. 46 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

The newly designed cab on the H-series skidders is 20% larger than the previous E-series design. Window area has been increased to provide unmatched visibility on all sides. The rear windows have been lowered, and front lower windows have been added to provide a better line of sight to all wheels. The updated interior uses a mix of molded plastic panels and removable steel panels. The moulded, easy to clean rubber floor mat has durable checkered aluminum plates at the high touch points. The new and improved Turnaround system for H-series lets the operator rotate the seat 220°. Effortless pushbutton controls lock and unlock the seat in any position in the range. The operator has full control of all machine functions

including drive controls. The 220° seat rotation improves operator visibility, greatly reduces neck strain, and allows the operator to easily exit either side of the cab. A durable, heavy duty air ride suspension seat with state-ofthe-art heating and cooling keeps the operator comfortable all day long. The reclining seat is fully adjustable with seat angle and seat extension adjustment. Tilt up adjustable armrests along with adjustable lumbar support all contribute to operator comfort. A secure five-point harness comes standard for improved safety. A completely redesigned HVAC system provides greater cooling capacity and 50% more air vents for improved comfort. The larger intake filter keeps the cabin air clean. The fan speed control is

cab include a tire pressure monitoring system, bright LED interior lights, a lunch box storage area, cell phone storage with charging port, and hooks for a jacket and hardhat. Horsepower has been increased on the 620H, 630H, 632H, and 635H models, and all H-series skidders feature load-sensing hydraulics with larger, more efficient valves. Hydraulic tank capacity has increased 20% for improved steep slope system performance, and includes improved level detection and more robust mounting. The 620H, 630H and 625H models have been equipped with larger arch, boom, and steer cylinders to better handle large loads. Engine enclosure doors have been reinforced to resist impacts and use T-style compression latches to keep them securely closed. The access doors are bolted on for easy replacement. Inside the engine compartment, an improved component layout locates all of the fuel filters on the left hand side of the machine. A new high

now infinitely variable from zero to 100% and a new defrost option is available which cycles the A/C on and off automatically to keep the windows clear. A climate-controlled cup holder is connected to the system to heat or cool drinks. Operator controls are located on the armrests and include many new features. Differential lock buttons are on the joystick and can engage front and rear separately. LED lights above the buttons illuminate when they are active. A cruise control button maintains the current engine speed allowing the operator to release the pedal. The grapple constant pressure button also turns on an LED indicator on the joystick alerting the operator that the constant pressure is activated. Other features of the H-series

capacity crankcase ventilation filter is mounted on the right-hand side of the machine will all the oil filters. Front chassis hydraulic hose routing has been greatly simplified to eliminate leak points and improve serviceability. All flat front chassis belly doors use a pivot bolt so they will swing to the side when service is needed. The angled belly door is keyed to prevent it from dropping when bolts are removed. Within the angle door is a small service cover which provides access to the engine oil, coolant, and hydraulic tank drain plugs. When tilting the cab is necessary, new ‘quarter turn’ locking pins are used to lock the cab in the down position. To tilt the cab, simply loosen the locking plate bolts, slide the locking plate down, and turn the pins to the unlock position. Removing and installing the sweep bolts is easier with a new two-piece design. Fine adjustments can be made by loosening the additional sweep bolt. New keyed washers further simplify the assembly.

The Tigercat 620H is one of five new H-series skidder models now available

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Processing near-stand is getting easier Technology advances suggest there are increasing opportunities to add value by using purpose-built forestry machines at the stand ahead of log transport


awmills are remarkable finished-wood factories these days but delivering fresh logs from the stand to those ‘factories’ is not always the best way for logging entrepreneurs to add value to their businesses. Increasingly, the industry’s purpose-built forestry machines are able to add value to the saleable product at roadside through a preliminary level of processing. Certain buyers are prepared to pay well for this primary level of upgraded material. The versatility of these purposebuilt forestry machines shows incremental improvement yearon-year and, more importantly, the industry’s leading suppliers are adding reach to their booms – a crucial function for roadside activities – while the processing capacities continue to rise.

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Loaded with enhancements to boost performance and comfort, the John Deere G-Series Forestry Swing Machines and E-Series Knuckleboom Loaders provide the durability and reliability loggers need in the woods. Purpose-built for forestry applications, these machines are designed to power through work in the toughest and most challenging logging conditions. Both the G-Series Swing Machines and the E-Series Knuckleboom Loaders are equipped with JDLink telematics. If downtime occurs, remote diagnostics and programming enable a dealer to quickly identify the issue, minimizing the time and cost it would take to send a

technician to the logging site for an initial diagnostic visit. Additionally, TimberMatic Maps and TimberManager software, available for the swing machines, are designed to enhance machine connectivity and communication. The TimberMatic Maps solution includes mapping software for use in the field, which uses a mobile network to share real-time production information between operators, as well as back to the office. Data is collected by the sensors on the equipment, while the production location is gathered through GPS technology. Information is then transmitted to the cloud, where managers can access TimberManager from their PC, tablet or phone, allowing loggers to follow the progress of the work site remotely.


The John Deere 2154G

unique working conditions faced in the woods. The operator cab is designed to “meet and exceed all safety requirements”, while also providing superb visibility and comfort in intense operating conditions, according to the manufacturer. Spacious and comfortable, the side-entry cab on the forestry excavator models is 25% larger than the previous model. The rearentry cab on the log loader models features floor-mounted windows, increasing visibility to the tracks. Other features in the quiet, climatecontrolled cabs include ergonomic controls, outstanding window clarity, isolation mounting and LED lighting. Increasing stability, the 2656G and 2156G Log Loaders and 2154G and 2654G Forestry Excavators include a longer track option. Reducing downtime and maintenance life, the 2154G, 2156G, 3154G, 3156G are suited with larger lower rollers. Additionally, the 2154G, 2654G, 3156G and 3756G models are available with hydraulic plumbing for processing heads. The larger models feature a powerful 9 liter engine, while the smaller machines, including 2154G and 2654G models, boast a 6.8 liter engine. Increased tractive effort of 19 percent on the 2154G, 2156G,

2654G, and 2656G models boosts capability for overcoming steep terrain as well as in deep snow and swamps. Convenient ground-level servicing, filters, fluid-fill locations and grease points assist with reducing daily checks and maintenance. The hinged AC condenser eases the cleanout of debris by swinging out along with the removable enginecompartment screen. A reduction in electrical components increases uptime, while the efficient hydraulic management systems increase airflow and lower operating temperatures. Service bays featuring drop-down work platforms and LED service lights improve long-term durability while also increasing uptime.

E-Series Knuckleboom Loaders Delivering maximum uptime, the John Deere 337E and 437E Knuckleboom Loaders are one of the most efficient machines to use in any part of the woods. The 52 in log grapple featured on the 437E and 48 in log grapple on the 337E are cast-steel constructed for impact and wear resistance. The grapples enable faster loading of trucks and delimbing of large first-thinning

bundles. Equipped with a complete hydraulic package, the hydraulic attachments on these models help make regular changes and refills manageable for the operator. Maximizing fuel efficiency, the models’ pressure-compensated load-sensing saw circuit works with a dedicated saw pump. The hinged-panel doors provide quick and simple serviceability while giving fast access to service points. The operator has quick, easy access to hydraulic components to reduce the cost of hydraulic oil and filter changes with the electric hydraulic oil-refill pump available as an option. The E-Series Knuckleboom Loaders have powerful EPA Final Tier 4 engines to deliver robust performance, efficiency and reliability. Providing ultimate comfort, spacious cabs and ventilated cooling/heated seating are inside the machines. Additional amenities include the new cell-phone holder enabling hands-free talk, heat-deflecting sheet metal in the rear and leftback windows, improved HVAC system, large doorway and new LED lighting options. With these features, the operator can get the job done quickly and efficiently in a comfortable machine.

G-Series Forestry Swing Machines Using valuable input uncovered through customer advocacy groups, the G-Series Forestry Swing Machines are purposebuilt with loggers’ needs in mind, according to John Deere. Comprised of eight models, including the 2154G, 2156G, 2654G, 2656G, 3154G, 3156G, 3754G and 3756G, the G-Series line sets the standard for power and efficiency in the woods. Available in either a log loader or forestry excavator configuration, these machines ensure performance and reliability in forestry applications. The log loaders are distinguished by model number 56, and forestry excavators are recognized with model number 54. These machines have several features, structures and components that hold up in the

The John Deere 437E

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 49

The John Deere 3756G

The John Deere 337E

50 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

A winning streak for FAE GROUP FAE launches four new mulchers for the maintenance of green areas


AE GROUP is ramping up its pace in innovation, launching four new models onto the market of excavator mulchers. Alongside the new BL3/EX/VT, three upgraded versions of existing models were released. Here are the details on the new arrivals:

Included as standard are a flow control valve for optimal mulcher adjustment, interchangeable bolt-on adjustable skids, a

BL3/EX/VT: A new mulcher with Bite Limiter technology, for excavators from 12 to 20 tons The BL3/EX/VT is able to mulch logs up to 20 cm in diameter and is available in two working widths, 125 cm and 150 cm. The BL3/EX/VT joins the series of FAE mulchers with Bite Limiter technology, launched at Agritechnica in 2019. The Bite Limiter technology features special steel profiles that limit the depth of blade action, reducing the demand for power while guaranteeing speed and exceptional performance. The machine boasts a 110 cc “VT” (Variable Torque) motor, which significantly improves mulching performance, increasing its torque when necessary and minimizing rotor stalling conditions. It is equipped with the new BL blades, made from heat-treated forged steel. These blades can be re-sharpened again and again, which means they can be used for a greater number of hours, thus reducing operating costs.

The BL3/EX/VT is a new mulcher for excavators from 12 to 20 tons. It is able to mulch logs up to 20 cm / 8" in diameter and is available in two working widths, 125 and 150 models. hydraulic hood and bolt on and interchangeable inner antiwear Hardox plates. Additional options include a front fixed thumb bracket and hydraulic thumb (useful for moving the material to be mulched), a mechanically adjustable rear deflector, customizable attachment plates and interchangeable bolted on Spike PRO counter-blade.

Sonic for BL3/EX/VT: a power boost for all working conditions The BL3/EX/VT is available with a particularly high-performing option: The new Sonic technology. Sonic is a smart, flexible system that automatically calibrates the mulcher’s hydraulic parameters,

allowing it to work consistently at maximum capacity in any working conditions. Sonic guarantees perfect harmony between the operating machine and the FAE mulcher, increasing the machine’s performance by at least 30%.

Sonic for UML/EX/VT: improves the performances of this fixed-tooth mulcher for excavators from 14 to 20 tons The UML/EX/VT is one of FAE’s most popular mulchers. In addition to the variable displacement “VT” (Variable Torque) motor, the UML/ EX/VT is now available with Sonic technology.

BL1/EX/VT: the “baby” of the family, now also available with a “VT” motor

The BL1/EX/VT - Professional mulcher for excavators from 4 to 7.5 t with Bite Limiter technology

Famous for having introduced the Bite Limiter innovation onto the market of mulchers for excavators from 4 to 7.5 tons, the BL1/EX is now also available with a “VT” (Variable Torque) motor. The new model features a 55 cc hydraulic piston motor with automatic displacement in pressure, guaranteeing a 25-30% productivity increase as well as maximum ease of use. With over 65 models suitable for the maintenance of green areas, FAE Group offers an exceptionally wide range of professional machines.

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The 850 processing roadside in British Columbia.

Tigercat Develops a True Roadside Processor Tigercat introduces the highly anticipated 850 carrier, providing contractors with a complete Tigercat roadside processing package. The Tigercat 850 is a purposebuilt roadside processor delivering outstanding performance and impressive fuel economy. Designed for high volume roadside processing, the Tigercat 850 offers many advantages over excavator conversions including better service access, higher cooling capacity and processor head optimized hydraulics. The Tigercat FPT N67 engine delivers 159 kW (213 hp) at 2,100 rpm for Tier 2 and Tier 4f emission compliance. An efficient load sensing hydraulic system allows simultaneous machine and head

The hooked boom on the 850 allows excellent right side visibility from the cab

hooked boom design, and narrow side posts provide excellent righthand side visibility. An integrated cab riser and the rearVIEW camera system contributes to allaround visibility for the operator. Optimally positioned controls and a large touch screen display improve ergonomics and machine monitoring. Reduced noise levels help the operator enjoy the auxiliary audio input port, Bluetooth® audio and hands-free calling. Service access is unmatched, with the ability to step down into the centre of the machine for clear, unobstructed access to the engine and daily service points. Large enclosure doors and a service platform provide easy access to other service points. A large cast counterweight with a swing-out door allows access to the engine from the rear of the machine. Pair the 850 with the new 568 processing head for an end-to-end Tigercat roadside processing package. The new 568 harvesting head is a robust, high performance head designed for tracked carriers. It is best suited for roadside processing applications, particularly in tall straight

softwood, or hardwood in the 15-55 cm (6-22 in) range. With timed knife arms and triangulated wheel arms, the 568 can quickly pick and maintain positive tree contact and control. The patented 4WD - 2WD AutoshiftTM drive system provides extra power and positive grip when feeding large trees, fast speed in smaller trees and full manual control when needed. Knife arms feature doubleedged, replaceable blades with optimal contour for clean delimbing. The front floating knife with spring preload follows the contour of the tree – further enhancing delimbing performance. Single or dual-track length measuring wheels and dual diameter encoders assure superior measuring accuracy. Other features of the 568 include optional conventional boom or through-tip boom continuous rotation, laser diffuse or through-beam find end sensors, colour marking and various feed wheels. Tigercat’s D5 control system gets the most from Tigercat harvesting heads. The D5 system combines field-proven hardware

functionality. The combination of high horsepower and harvester head optimized hydraulics lead to responsive control, quick feed speed and powerful delimbing capability for high productivity. A high capacity swing system with dual swing drives provides ample torque and speed for high performance processing. The powerful, strength-to-weight optimized boom is designed specifically for processing and high stacking. Operator visibility is unmatched in the quiet, comfortable, ergonomically designed cab. The

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and bucking control with a simple and intuitive Tigercat-developed user interface. Available in three levels of control and reporting, the D5 system handles multiple jobs with multiple operators, and allows for customizing menus and settings, right down to joystick button functions. Over 70 operator specific parameters to tailor controls to each operator’s desires. Multiple password-protected logins gives operators their own secure identity. The clean and easy to follow layout of the touch control screen allows the operator to make adjustments as easily as using a smartphone or tablet. Touching the length or diameter log symbols immediately direct you to the calibration setting screens. Indicator icons link to relevant setting screens. Production windows link directly

to production reports and bucking instructions. The main diagnostics screen is a map of the system. Simply touching a controller icon takes you directly to where you need to be and makes diagnosing faults quick and easy. Running a harvesting head doesn’t need to be difficult, and with the Tigercat D5 system, it isn’t.

The 850 paired with the 568 harvesting head – the complete package.

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The Komatsu 398 harvesting and processing head is built for big timber selective harvesting, clear-cutting and processing pre-felled timber. The rugged, robust design allows it to handle timber averaging up to 23 inches in diameter and it can be mounted on 28-40 metric tonne track carriers such as the Komatsu PC290LL-11

Komatsu’s PC290LL-11 is an “extremely productive and versatile carrier” within the Komatsu log loader product lineup. Featuring a 196 net HP, EPA Tier 4 Final, Komatsu SAA6D107E-3 engine, the PC290LL-11 is available with a 30 ft 6 in processing arm, 40 ft reach live heel log loader, or a 34 ft reach road builder configuration, for high performance in a variety of demanding logging applications. Operating weights range from 82,230 lb (37,300 kg) to 89,730 lb (40,700 kg) depending on front/ application. New and improved PC290LL-11 features include a high capacity cooling system, high drawbar pull, additional forestry guarding, narrower, 11’5” (3492 mm) transport width, more comfortable operator controls, all LED lighting, and KOMTRAX® technology.

Roadside Processing As a roadside processor, the Komatsu 398 harvesting/ processing head matches perfectly to the PC290LL-11. This heavy-duty head with top and bottom saw bards is built for selective harvesting, clear-cutting or processing large-diameter timber up to 31 in (78 cm). It features a ‘carry-style’ feed system and three driven feed rollers to maintain a tight grip and accurate length measuring. It is controlled through a large colour display with MaxiXplorer smart control system that is integrated into the PC290LL-11.

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Komatsu PC290LL-11

Komatsu Europe launches WA800-8 Wheel Loader


he all-new Komatsu WA800-8 rewrites the rules for stability, giving the operator a safe and comfortable work environment. With a 115 tonnes operating weight, the WA800-8 allows for 20,700 kg rated load capacity in a standard boom configuration.

Power, Performance & Efficiency Environmental concerns are growing worldwide, along with a need for cleaner engines. The Komatsu WA800-8 meets the latest EU Stage V emission regulations with Komatsu-designed, developed, and manufactured engine and aftertreatment systems. Two Diesel Particulate Filters, two Variable Geometry Turbos, a Heavy Duty and cooled exhaust gas recirculation system, new engine control modules, a Closed Crankcase Ventilation system and no AdBlue® required, will allow WA800-8 customers to be competitive in tenders and keep their Komatsu machine at work for many years. As standard, Komatsu offers up to 11,5 m³ buckets, that have a redesigned spill guard, increased radius and floor angle, and provide better penetration and higher fill factors to boost productivity and income. Their ultra-strong teeth and enlarged sweeper wings increase uptime and reduce tire damage to also reduce maintenance costs. A standard high accuracy Payload Meter (PLM) lets you easily monitor and track your work’s productivity and efficiency within 1.5% accuracy, to avoid overloading dump trucks. The Modulation Clutch system gives operators precise control of rim pull, for fast work equipment speeds, and a smooth approach for truck loading. The Variable Traction Control system optimises rim pull on all ground conditions,

minimises tire slippage and lowers maintenance costs. On-board Komatsu SmartLoader Logic, a fully automatic engine control, yields precisely enough torque for each work phase, based on the application. By automatically switching between Economy & Power modes it considerably reduces fuel usage, with no loss of productivity. The new generation WA8008 wheel loader’s hydraulics are improved with a CLSS hydraulic system that delivers power on demand via the variable displacement piston pumps. It keeps the hydraulic oil cool and increases both your work speed and fuel economy. Fuel savings are further promoted through the Auto Idle Shutdown system and by ECO guidance tips on the in- cab monitor. Combined with the unique Komatsu CARE support package, the WA800-8 offers truly unbeatable customer value.

Safety, Reliability & Durability A new supersized ROPS/FOPS cabin provides a completely redesigned, spacious, sturdy and safe operating environment, with a wide and unobstructed view of the work area. After dark, visibility and safe maintenance are improved by 22 LED lights, a new standard factory-fit comprehensive package. For increased safety and operating confidence, KomVision, a visual aid designed by Komatsu to help avoid contacts or collisions due to blind spots, reduces risks of machine damage and injury.

On the WA800-8, five network cameras create a bird’s-eye view of the immediate surroundings on a dedicated monitor. An extra rearview camera sends a colour image with a distance indicator line on the cabin monitor. Catwalks and handrails on the counterweight provide an additional standard safe exit and easier maintenance. In option, Komatsu proposes a hydraulically operated 45° ladder to the cabin. For easy servicing, even high up, technicians can attach lanyards to safe anchored tie-off points well-placed around the WA800-8. Standard safety lockout switches at the rear of the machine can be quickly reached from ground level, in an emergency or a critical situation. Engine maintenance points are grouped, and various ladders, stairs and handrails provide safe access to all filters. The optional service centre enables the wireless download of KOMTRAX Plus data, along with faster and easier oil servicing and sampling. The radiators have a swing-out reversing hydraulic fan, for safe access and easy cleaning with compressed air or water. To reduce clogging, the modular core radiator features widely spaced cooling fins. Brake life was increased with an improved fully sealed hydraulic brake system. The front frame and the loader linkage were redesigned to be stronger and more durable.

Comfortable & Easy Operations The redesigned interior of the new and enlarged cabin offers better ergonomics to reduce fatigue, for a happy and more productive operator. Sound insulation and a quieter engine keep noise levels low and help you stay focused and safe. A new fully adjustable seat, airsuspended, heated and ventilated, with an adjustable bolster and integrated standard EPC levers, makes life on the jobsite easier, as do the colour TFT monitor and a range of new tools and functions. A new fold-up trainer seat allows in-cab operator training. For less experienced operators or just for easy operation, the Auto Digging system, the Semi-Auto Approach and the Semi-Auto Dump can assist to provide a consistent performance. The new right-hand side console is integrated in the seat. Switches and Bluetooth radio are easily accessible on the overhead console, and the new front panel is styled with a similar look and feel as other Komatsu machines. Available now at Komatsu Europe, the WA800-8 wheel loader offers unbeatable customer value, whatever and wherever the job.

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Smart solutions for forestry and recycling Cutting-edge technologies transform Palfinger Epsilon product range


igitization is an integral part of the Palfinger strategy. As an innovation driver, one of the leading manufacturer of lifting solutions has always been involved in shaping change and developing solutions that lead to greater safety and work efficiency. Palfinger Epsilon sees digitalisation as an opportunity to be seized. Intelligent systems

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featuring smart functions are also becoming increasingly important in the areas of forestry and recycling. This is why the comapny, specialist for forestry and recycling cranes, always strives to be one step ahead with its innovative, smart and digital solutions. New technologies are not only giving rise to new development areas such as robotics and

software development, but also opening up a range of exciting possibilities and opportunities for the future.

Enhancing innovative ideas Smart control The Smart Control feature from Palfinger Epsilon turns digitalisation into something

tangible that operators can experience. The prototype Smart Control has convinced professionals at numerous trade fairs over the past few years. This boom tip controller makes operating a crane easier, more intuitive and far quicker – child’s play, really. In response to the positive feedback from customers, preparations for series production of the Smart Control are now in full swing.

Virtual drive As a concept study, the new Virtual Drive – the virtual reality control system – offers a tantalising glimpse into the control technology of tomorrow. With the aid of VR glasses, operators can control the crane directly from the vehicle cabin. The VR control system offers not only enhanced driver comfort and safety, but also a range of additional benefits such as a better view of the surroundings, bigger loads and reduced fuel consumption.

Palfinger Epsilon is ready for the future. As soon as the technology for VR glasses offers the kind of resolution expected, the company expects to increase its investment in this field and push ahead as a leader.

Expanded base New technologies are giving rise to not only innovative products, but also whole new departments such as robotics, mechatronics and software development. In recent years, Palfinger Epsilon has

grown significantly in these areas in particular and currently employs more than 180 people. Over the past two years, the company also increased at an above-average rate the number of cranes it produced. Altogether, workstations have been created for around 100 employees over an area covering roughly 830 m². As a result, Palfinger Epsilon is well prepared for the future in terms of both work equipment and products.

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Jon Jennings, Product Marketing Manager, HST dozers

Make the grade faster with advances in bulldozer technology


ntegrated 3D grade control revolutionized earthmoving nearly a decade ago. Today it estimated that about half of all dozers sold are equipped with autonomous grade control technology that uses GPS to complete jobs faster and with greater accuracy, eliminating the need for rework. Whether you call it Intelligent Machine Control (Komatsu), Cat GRADE (Caterpillar) or SmartGrade (Deere), buyers can expect to pay a considerable premium for the technology, which also requires an additional investment in a base station. “The time, material, and machine wear savings that come with grade control solutions quickly recover the premium paid for grade control solutions,” said Sean Mairet, product marketing manager, grade control, John Deere Construction & Forestry. “Pay back varies based on utilization,” said Jason Anetsberger, Sr. product manager

Jason Anetsberger, Sr. Product Manager for Komatsu America

for Komatsu America. “The more you use it, the faster the payback”, he added.

Adoption of grade control technology Adoption is being driven by a shortage of skilled operators. “Automation gets an operator up to speed and more productive, faster,” said Sam Meeker, product marketing manager for Caterpillar. “For more experienced operators the technology makes their lives easier. Their shoulder and elbow don’t hurt as much.” According to Mairet, a common mistake is confusing 2D and 3D grade control capabilities. “2D or entry-level grade control solutions do not use a design plan for controlling the blade. 3D solutions make use of an engineered design surface and control to a specified elevation on complex projects or models,” he said. Meeker believes 2D technology is a smart choice for contractors working on simple jobs like flat house pads in a subdivision, while 3D technology will pay off for larger and more complex jobs. “Have a conversation with yourself and your dealer to analyze what applications could benefit from 2D and 3D technology,” said Meeker. Advancement of dozer technology continues as manufacturers seek to increase the utilization of 3D grade control

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on the jobsite and make it easier for contractors to upgrade from 2D to 3D. Here’s the latest on dozer innovation from Komatsu America, John Deere and Caterpillar.

Komatsu America recently introduced Intelligent Machine Control 2.0 with the launch of the D71PXi-24 hydrostatic transmission (HST) dozer at CONEXPO-CON/ AGG 2020. It features Proactive Dozing Control logic, a fullyintegrated dozing control system that measures the position of the machine, the elevation of the tracks and allows the dozer to measure the terrain and use track-level data to plan the next pass. “Proactive dozing has shown up to a 40 percent increase in productivity than previous intelligent machine control,” said Jon Jennings, product marketing manager for HST dozers at Komatsu. The technology is designed to increase the utilization of intelligent machine control beyond finish grading. Automation can be used any time, for example when performing general site clean-up or backfilling trenches. Lift Layer control automatically spreads fill from existing terrain with a press of a button. “You can use this automatic control to spread up in very precise layers so you get the consistent thicknesses

for quality compaction, “said Anetsberger. Tilt-Control steering automatically tilts the blade to the left or right to keep the dozer from veering one way or another, something operators previously had to focus on. Lastly, quick surface creation creates a temporary design surface that enables operators to take on work not in the original plan.

John Deere provides customers with a range of options to engage with grade control technology, starting with cost-effective, entrylevel solutions and then growing their technology use as their comfort level increases with grade control technology. SmartGrade 3D dozers are available on 650-950 Power Angle Tilt (PAT) models and the new 700L/750L. “With the entry level and premium options offered by John Deere, virtually any job can benefit from grade control technology,” said Mairet. “John Deere’s SmartGrade-ready machines including a slope control option that is a great solution when a 3D engineered plan is not available, or in areas where satellite coverage is inadequate. Premium SmartGrade solutions make the most sense for engineered projects that have tight tolerances and demanding schedules,” he added. According to Mairet, SmartGrade can improve the performance of less experienced operators by controlling the blade so the operator can focus on

managing material. In addition, SmartGrade will automatically lift the blade up if the machine senses track slip, improving the operator’s productivity while reducing excess track wear on the machine.

CAT 3D dozers boast a 50 percent improvement in productivity versus traditional grading, but “it’s related

directly to the butt in the seat,” said Meeker. “Newer operators can see a 200-300 percent improvement in productivity, while experienced operators see less improvement.” CAT GRADE with slope assist (2D) and Cat GRADE with 3D -- both include autonomous grading. Once the blade is set, the system holds the blade. CAT 3D dozers require 80 percent fewer operator inputs than traditional dozers. Control buttons are integrated into the joystick for easy operation. The latest generation of D5, D6 and D8 dozers include factory installed grade control, a newly designed display and better software. “On our latest 3D model, a customer can create their own design right in the monitor.” According to Meeker, their 2D systems are very inexpensive, and can be easily be upgraded

to 3D through their dealers. Factory Attachment Ready Option (ARO) provides optimal mounting locations, brackets, and hardware and simplifies installation of any grade control system. Meeker believes that when it comes to grade control, buyers should look at not only how the machine performs in the dirt, but in wet sand and different materials. “It’s one thing to have a grade control system that works in dirt, it is another to have one that works in wet sand and fines, different materials.

need to be trained and contractors need to understand how to integrate the technology into their operations. Work with your dealer to determine the solution that best fits your needs and to get the support you need.

Training is essential for success at 3D grade control For success with grade control don’t skimp on training. “You need someone on the jobsite who is responsible for grade control equipment that has indepth knowledge and can solve problems,” said Meeker. Operators

Sam Meeker, product marketing manager for Caterpillar

The time, material, and machine wear savings that come with grade control solutions quickly recover the premium paid for grade control solutions Sean Mairet, product marketing manager, grade control, John Deere Construction & Forestry

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60 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Story - Kevin Orfield Photography - Todd Dacquisto

When asked why he wanted to climb Mount Everest, George Mallory famously replied, “Because it’s there.” At the time, no one had reached the summit of the highest mountain in the world. To Mallory and other mountaineers, its very existence posed a challenge to be gloriously overcome.

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ogger Andrew Johnson, owner of A&K Timber Company, Courtenay, Vancouver Island, logs in difficult, steep terrain because of economic opportunity and mill demands. But he loves the challenge, too. “It’s a tough environment but very rewarding,” he explains. “To me it’s not as much about the money as it is about the challenge. I’m always looking for some way to do something better.”

that’s where we’re headed. It only gets higher and steeper.” To make it a bit easier to harvest logs in areas once thought impassable, A&K Timber recently added a new John Deere 959ML Shovel Logger. “We’re fortunate to work with a very large landowner who owns most of the private land on Vancouver Island,” says Johnson. “They’re very hands on and into technology. They want us

Feels like home More and more logging on Vancouver Island is done on steep slopes. “Five years ago, probably five percent of our cutting was done on steep slopes,” says Johnson. “Today, 50 to 60 percent is. If you look out at the mountain behind us, there are not a lot of flat areas. And

We take pride in being a steward of the forest ANDREW JOHNSON OWNER, A&K TIMBER

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to bring new ideas to the table, like the 959ML Shovel Logger with a tilting cab. We even work with them in designing the layout of roads and cut blocks to suit the equipment we have.” Courtenay is located about halfway up the east coast of Vancouver Island. A&K Timber operates as far north as Port Hardy and as far south as Nanaimo. The company harvests 500,000 cubic meters (653,975 cubic yards) of wood annually, mainly logs that will be exported through the Port of Vancouver to over 100 countries around the world.

Vancouver Island is home to some of the largest and oldest trees in the world, including Douglas fir. A&K Timber harvests predominantly second-growth Douglas fir as well as hemlock and western red cedar. “It’s satisfying to come back to a place I logged 20 years ago and see 30- to 40-foottall second-growth Douglas fir,” says Johnson. “I’m an avid fisherman, so when I come out here and see the rivers and scenery,it feels like home.” Eighty percent of the wood the company harvests is smallerdiameter, second-growth timber, although it also cuts old-growth hemlock balsam. “It’s old and decaying, so we’re trying to harvest it to get some young trees growing there and create a healthier

forest,” says Johnson. “We are also responsible for keeping the ditches clean, the water flowing, and the creeks free of sediment that would affect the fish. We take pride in being a steward of the forest.”

Strong track record of reliability Johnson started A&K Timber shortly after getting out of high school in 1994. Trained as a mechanic, he began logging instead. His two uncles were nearing retirement, and they rented their machines to him. Johnson approached private landowners and slowly built his business while learning to hand-fell and skid wood. Before long he had more work than he could handle, so he hired a second employee and used contractors for mechanical harvesting. “After a while, I thought, ‘I’m spending all this money to hire someone to run a processor and feller buncher — why don’t I just buy my own machines?’” remembers Johnson. “It can’t be that complicated. The next thing you know I’m buying a processor and feller buncher, and then a skidder and log loader, and we’re doing it all — felling, yarding, processing, and loading.” Today A&K Timber employs 80 people and runs 60 pieces of forestry equipment, including John Deere G-Series Swing Machines configured for processing, log loading, and roadbuilding, as well as an 859M Tracked Feller Buncher. The company’s new 959ML Shovel Logger is factory configured to handle steep-slope applications. Deere’s patented leveling technology on the 959ML delivers exceptional stability, while a live heel improves log positioning. An industry-leading slope-monitoring system measures the actual ground-slope angle the machine is working on and displays it on the in-cab monitor, for more confident operation on steep slopes. “The 959ML has been a game changer for us,” says Johnson. “It is extremely maneuverable on steep slopes. We work in a lot of creeks and steep ravines, and I’m always amazed by the machine’s ability to reach down into ravines and grab timber. It gives us the flexibility to not have to go all the way down. That’s a strong feature.” A major reason Johnson purchased the 959ML was the impressive track record of durability on the company’s

If you look out at the mountain behind us, It only gets higher and steeper ANDREW JOHNSON

Continued on Inside Back Cover International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 63

ADVERTISERS INDEX SALES OFFICES UK, Europe, South Africa, US East Coast CONTACT: Phil Playle International Forest Industries Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 777 Fax: +44 (0)1442 870 617 Email:

Japan CONTACT: Yuko Ishihara Japan Advertising Communications, Inc. Star Bldg., 3-10-3 Kanda Jimbocho Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0051 Tel: 81-3-3261-4591 Fax: 81-3-3261-6126 Email:

Western USA (AZ, CA, NV, UT) Australia, & New Zealand CONTACT: Bob Warren International Forest Industries Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 777 Fax: +44 (0)1442 870 617

Autolog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Microtec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Bid Group / Comact. . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Peterson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IFC

EWD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Ponsee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5/OBC

FAE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Precision Husky. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Halco Software Systems. . . . . . . . . 23

Rawlings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Jenz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

SELECT Sawmill Co . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

JoeScan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Springer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Komptech. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Stenner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Komatsu Forest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

USNR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FC

Lucidyne Technologies Inc. . . . . . . . 3

Vermeer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


New Plant Manager at Komatsu Forest Western USA (MT, ID, OR,WA) & Canada CONTACT: Bob Warren International Forest Industries Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 777 Fax: +44 (0)1442 870 617 Email:

US Mid-West, Central & Mountain CONTACT: Kevin Lapham J.P.Media Inc 1163 E.Ogden Ave, Ste. 705-359 Naperville IL 60563, USA Tel: +1 (630) 420 9752 Fax: +1 (630) 420 9763 Email:

South America CONTACT: Ricardo Cortés Editec S.A. Avda del Cóndor 844 Of. 205, Cuidad Empresarial Huechuraba, Santiago, Chile Tel: +56 2 757 4200 Fax: +56 2 757 4201 Email:

Since mid-January, Anna Fredriksson is the new Plant manager at Komatsu Forest in Umeå. Anna is also the first woman ever to become a Plant manager within the global Komatsu Group. “It has been my driving force to work with what I think is fun, which is technology, without thinking so much about the expectations on me from the outside world. The fact that the management chose me for this assignment even though I was about to go on parental leave, further reinforced my perception of the company’s good values regarding equality”, Anna says. Anna has a mechanical engineering degree and joined Komatsu Forest in 2011 when she did her master thesis while working in production. She then joined the quality department, where over the years she has worked with quality investigations and product quality, and then became head of the quality department in 2017. At the same time, she took a place in the factory’s management team where she further strengthened her insights regarding the entire production process. “With Anna’s commitment, competence in various business issues, collaborative skills and her broad experience of working with quality issues, which is our most important focus area, it was a natural step to the new role as Plant manager,” says Martin Ärlestig, former Plant Manager who now becomes Global Production

64 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

Manager. Anna took up the post at a very special time. Despite the current state of the Corona pandemic, the company has been able to keep up a relatively normal business after all. In addition, the major challenge at the moment is to maintain and improve current production while looking ahead and preparing for the move to a new factory and the changes that will entail with a new, more modern production. “With the new factory, we will take a huge step forward, that will allow us to develop the working environment, the quality and the work processes, which gives us a unique opportunity to improve the entire production”, says Anna.

Continued from p63 other Deere machines. “We’ve been very sold on the Deere processors — they have been very good to us. The reliability and dealer support have been outstanding, which is why we decided to give the 959ML a try. We’ve been really happy with the 959ML — it is exactly what we were hoping for in terms of uptime and performance.” A&K Timber has received

service and support from its John Deere dealer, Brandt Tractor, for 15 years. Brandt has two locations on Vancouver Island, in Nanaimo and Campbell River. “We’re typically running eight to 10 logging sites and four to six roadbuilding sites,” says Johnson. “Between the two locations, Brandt keeps us well covered in terms of parts and support.” Johnson appreciates how JDLink™ telematics allows Brandt to track his machines, diagnose issues, and rapidly

respond, to help maximize uptime and productivity. “The ability to remotely and accurately troubleshoot is a huge asset. As much as I’m impressed by Deere’s steep-slope technology, John Deere ForestSight™ technology solutions really stand out.” Keeping his machines up and running is just another challenge Johnson gladly accepts. And he’d rather be out at the logging site than cooped up in an office. “It’s so gratifying to put your boots on and spend a day out here hiking in the

woods, seeing these machines and what they can do, and helping your guys with anything they need. You come back wet and tired, but you look back and it feels good.” A&K Timber Company is serviced by Brandt Tractor Ltd., Nanaimo and Campbell River, British Columbia.

Brandt Tractor Ltd 1821 14th Avenue Campbell River, British Columbia V9W 4H9 1830 Schoolhouse Rd Nanaimo, British Columbia V9X 1A5

I’m always amazed by the machine’s ability to reach down into ravines and grab timber ANDREW JOHNSON

International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 IBC

TIMBER CRANE PALFINGER EPSILON M12Z & TIMBER CRANE PALFINGER EPSILON S280L94 in action. The development department at PALFINGER EPSILON has always been open to new customer requests and is able to come up with a lot of ideas for their requirements. Since autumn 2015 the cable yarding systems manufacture Mayr-Melnhof Forsttechnik is the proud owner of the first Syncrofalke with PALFINGER EPSILON S280L94. Since then the system has proven itself and more than 50 units have already been delivered.

After the Storm


Hurricane Michael devastated areas in the Southeastern United States in 2018. Ceres Environmental Services Inc. share their process of what it’s like to help clean up communities and remove green waste after a natural disaster.

Built for land-clearing and pipeline right-of-way operations, the HG6800TX horizontal grinder offers a high-horsepower engine on a tracked machine with a compact design. Featuring 950 hp (708 kW) in a 92,000 lb (41,730.5 kg) class, and an infeed design designed specifically for feeding larger materials, the new grinder is built to power through tough materials with less operator interaction.


Vermeer and the people who make mulch

As the push toward alternative fuels accelerates, governments and industries are recognizing the advantages of using wood chips as a source for power generation. Now with a CAT C-13 Tier 4 Final engine with 440 hp (328 kW) of power, the WC2300XL whole tree chipper offers a powerful solution for producing wood chips.

We know you need industry-leading solutions to get the job done. Whether you are working on right-of-way preparation, commercial land clearing or storm clean-up, Vermeer horizontal grinders, tub grinders and trommel screens are designed to help you conquer your next job.

Spruce bark beetle and its impact on wood markets The European spruce bark beetle has caused severe damage in spruce forests in Central Europe, particularly in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.


etween 2017 and 2019, over 270 million m3 of standing timber in Central Europe was damaged by a combination of factors: primarily, changing climate conditions that featured hotter, drier summers and warmer winters. In combination with frequent windstorms, this created ideal conditions for the spread of spruce bark beetles, especially at lower elevations. The damage is across many countries, including Poland, Switzerland, Slovakia, Italy and Sweden, but the most severe losses have been in Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria. The outbreak in these three countries is so severe that FEA analysis predicts that the killed timber volume from the European spruce bark beetle will eventually exceed that of the British Columbia Interior’s mountain pine beetle outbreak.

Sawmilling: The increased salvage of dying and dead spruce timber will create more sawlogs than the sawmilling industry can process, not only in the three impacted countries, the Czech Republic, Germany and Austria, but also beyond their borders given that some logs are exported to other European countries. This will result in certain market implications and shifting trade trends through the first half of this decade and beyond — changes that will alter overall market dynamics and disrupt producers and exporters in other regions. The sheer volume of damaged timber harvested in Central Europe has yielded logs of relatively good quality so far. Beetle-killed logs that are harvested in the winter for processing are of very high quality — almost like “fresh-cut” green sawlogs. Logs harvested in the summer, however, are more prone to blue stain and checking, and rot can even occur. The worst time for beetle wood quality is July to September due to the higher temperatures and blue stain, and especially if it rains. Many sawmill companies are betting that the surplus timber will be around for some time — enough to justify adding sawmill capacity or even building greenfield sawmills. Up to a dozen sawmilling

66 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020

companies have planned for, started or even completed new capacity installations to process incremental sawlogs from the damaged timber by the end of 2021; if there is any question about how long the storm- and beetledamaged timber is going to be around in Central Europe, these investors are providing the answer. We expect at least 2 million m3 of new sawmill capacity based on confirmed projects, although others are still in the planning stages. These sawmill capacities are being constructed based on the potential for increased harvesting of damaged timber in the future and a likely glut of low-cost sawlogs.

Lumber production: The increased availability of lowcost damaged timber will lead to higher lumber production in Central Europe. With the massive timber salvage producing a glut of sawlogs of varying quality, there has been downward pressure on sawlog prices in Central Europe. Germany has seen a steady decline in its sawlog prices since early 2018 due to spruce bark beetle and storm wood availability, with prices there down almost 50% by the end of 2019; this approaches levels in the U.S. South (the region with some of the lowest log costs in North America). The current price of sawloggrade timber is considered close to the cost of harvesting and delivery to sawmills, pointing to scant potential for a reduction in log prices. However, lower-quality logs are being produced with blue stain, checking and even decay, and

selling at large discounts, leading some mills to process these logs as well. Since the salvage program is likely to be in place with high volumes for some time before it eventually slows down, domestic spruce sawlog prices will probably remain near current levels. This will provide central European sawmills with a competitive advantage in both domestic and export markets. With rising volumes of distressed sawlogs at low prices, there will be an increase in central European lumber production. Existing mills are experiencing a critical shortage of skilled workers, so adding capacity is difficult (aside from extending shifts or operating on Saturdays). However, we expect total lumber production in the three impacted countries to generally expand (aside from 2020 output slippage due to COVID-19) before production eventually eases back toward pre-beetle levels near the end of the decade. This means that sawmills in Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria should remain the low-cost operators in Europe, and should be able to access most (if not all) export markets competitively and with positive margins.

Lumber exports: Most of the top-quartile central European sawmills are exportoriented, meaning they have kilns as well as planers. With the acceleration of the spruce beetle salvage in Europe providing mills with low-cost logs, a higher proportion of production at these large-scale mills will likely be directed to export markets that require planed lumber (especially

the U.S., but also China, Australia, the United Kingdom and others). According to FEA’s 2019 Global Sawmill Cost Benchmarking Report, central European sawmills are among the lowest-cost lumber suppliers of dimension lumber in export markets such as the U.S. South. This will enable European sawmills to gain market share in the U.S. at the expense of higher-cost Canadian and U.S. producers if they need to export increased lumber volumes outside Europe. From a European exporter’s perspective, the U.S. market also has the advantage of being accessible by both break-bulk vessels and containers. Ultimately, central European mills will select lumber export markets based on net mill returns and market risk. The U.S. looks to be a very good fit for central

European mills in an era of spruce bark beetles, but it will depend on net lumber returns and prices relative to other markets. Lumber exports to China are also expected to continue rising. In 2019, lumber exports from Germany totaled 692,000 m3 (versus only 154,000 m3 in 2018) and, in the first three months of 2020, reached 185,000 m3 (60% higher than a year earlier). Similar to exports to the U.S., trade to China will be dependent on conditions in other markets (MENA and Japan, for instance). Effectively, this means that central European mills will be a threat to high-cost lumber producers in other parts of Europe — and to suppliers in export markets — for at least the first half of this decade.

Log exports: In 2019, log export markets proved to be an important release valve for excess salvage spruce logs that were surplus to domestic mills’ needs in Germany and the Czech Republic. This trend will continue throughout the salvage harvest, especially since beetle-killed logs are being harvested at close to cost levels in Central Europe, allowing for exported logs to be competitively priced for volume sales to China. In the current year, the rise in log exports is expected to pause due to curtailments related to the COVID-19 pandemic; however, this assumption could quickly change if China’s log demand picks up. Note that Germany and the Czech Republic accounted for 80% of log exports from Europe to China in 2019, a proportion we expect to

grow in 2020 and beyond. Assuming that markets return to more normal conditions later this year, log exports from Central Europe should continue to rise — perhaps even sharply, depending on market demand, container rates and container availability. Based on the potential harvest of damaged timber and the capacity limits of the central European sawmill industry to process the damaged logs, rising log export volumes could result in major disruptions to global trade flows. The new FEA report, Central European Beetle & Windstorm Timber Disaster: Outlook to 2030, is now available. Source: Russ Taylor, Managing Director, FEA-Canada & Rocky Goodnow, VP, North America Timber Service, FEA LLC

Germany continued to export logs at record pace in early 2020, with almost 50% of the volume destined for China The log market in Germany has been extremely volatile in the first half of 2020, with high demand from the export market and a tight supply of fresh green logs. When the Coronavirus Epidemic forced sawmills to close in March, domestic demand for sawlogs fell and the price increases seen earlier in the quarter reversed – resulting in both domestic and export prices falling. Sawlog prices varied throughout the country depending on the level of local supply, the

quality of the beetle-killed timber, the availability of fresh logs, and the competition from log exporters. Log prices also varied due to contract volumes and spot purchases. Towards the end of the quarter, spot prices fell to levels that barely covered the costs for logging and hauling the timber. The 1Q/20’s estimated average sawlog price was an increase from the previous quarter but substantially lower than the 1Q/19, according to the WRQ. Softwood log exports

from Germany have increased dramatically over the past five years, from 2.1 million m3 in 2014 to 7.4 million m3 in 2019. The oversupply of logs resulted in record high exports in the 3Q/19 followed by two quarters of q-o-q declines (see chart). Despite the reduction in exports during the winter months, total shipments during the first four months of 2020 were up 38% as compared to the same period in 2019. China has quickly become the largest market for German logs,

accounting for almost 50% of all exported logs so far in 2020. From January to April this year, almost 2.4 million m3 of softwood logs were shipped to China. Log exportation from Europe to Asia is a recent trend. As late as 2017, there were practically no shipments of German logs outside of Europe. Source: WRI Market Insights – Wood Resources Quarterly

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International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2020 67


1. By communicating with the client, the CTL harvester estimates the quantity and the quality of the trunks needed to fill the client’s order. 2. The harvester calculates the optimal way to buck each trunk into logs. Through careful and deliberate processing, the harvester uses as much of the valuable raw material as possible. 3. As it moves in the forest, the harvester covers its trail with delimbed branches and tops. This decreases surface pressure and reduces soil damage. 4. The CTL method leaves the nutrient-rich leaves, needles, limbs, and tops in the forest for the next generation of trees to use. Part of this slash can also be gathered for bioenergy use. 5. The forwarder transports each timber grade to its pile on the roadside. The two-part CTL machine team is consistent, fuelefficient and easier to manage. 6. Each timber grade is transported directly to its destination: logs to sawmills, veneer logs to the veneer mill and pulpwood to the paper or pulp mill. 7. In the CTL method, logs destined, for example, for a sawmill are sorted in batches by timber grade. When all the logs arriving at a sawmill are of similar diameter, the batch can be processed faster.

PONSSE PLC is one of the largest CTL forest machine manufacturers in the world. For 50 years Ponsse has led the evolution of rubber wheel


CTL forest machines. Ponsse’s product development is always based

on a deep collaboration with its customers leading to extensive product offering suitable for harvesting operations all around the world.



Ponsse Plc Ponssentie 22 74200 Vieremä, Finland Tel. +358 20 768 800

Learn about the benefits of CTL and why our customers have chosen this method.