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COVERING ALL BASES Chippers deliver complete package


Feller buncher technology moves ahead


Solar Dryers Australia makes drying cheaper


Featuring Microtec,USNR, Wood-Mizer, Comact



37 40


28 SAWLINES – Wood-Mizer

37 SAWLINES Scanning & Optimisation – MICROTEC

A US sawmill business has installed a line of Wood-Mizer industrial equipment to increase efficiency, yield and profits

Like most great things, Microtec’s CAT-scanner began with an idea. Today, three CAT-scanners are up and running – one in the US, one in Chile, and one in France. Two more are currently being installed. Meanwhile, it’s Goldeneye range goes from strength to strength.

33 SAWLINES Scanning & Optimisation – USNR Major US-based sawmill supplier USNR provides International Forest Industries with an update on its recent developments in the scanning and optimisation fields

40 SAWLINES - COMACT New installations from around the world

42 SAWLINES – Finishing Technology Heating costs are under attack from a range of innovative kilns down under


16 News

27 Appointments

25 World Markets

80 Advertising Index

COVER: USNR Counter Flow Kiln The challenge for major sawmill group,

use direct-fired heat but, faced with a lengthy

Canfor, was to significantly increase drying

permitting process to change from steam to

capacity at the Southern Pine sawmill in

direct-fired, Canfor needed a solution that

South Carolina, where the steam heat

incorporated existing steam heat. USNR

source was at capacity. The solution came

modified the kiln design to accommodate.

with USNR’s Counter Flow Kiln with Kiln

Mill Manager Tim Papa: “This kiln is making

Boss Controls, which dramatically improves

the operation more profitable, with higher

energy efficiency. Most Counter Flow kilns

throughput and better quality lumber.”



Chippers deliv er complete pack age


Feller buncher


technology moves ahead


ES Solar Dryers Australia makes drying cheaper SAWLINES

Featuring Micr otec,USNR, Wood-Mizer, Comact

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 1




Chippers: Biomass professionals want for nothing these days thanks to a diverse marketplace of powerful, flexible and precise chipping machines



62 Feller Bunchers: Feller bunchers need to be more powerful, durable, and comfortable but manufacturers have also found time for specific performance innovation


6 Logging News

72 2013 marks successful year for PrimeTech: PrimeTech recorded a successful 12 months over 2013, particularly in the sale and development of its tracked carriers. This year is shaping up to be even more successful

12 World Markets

75 Cutting Edge

30% less power consumption


when compared to a viscous fan drive. (Uni Karlsruhe, Germany / 2013)

More power at the PTO 2 International Forsest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

Reduced fuel consumption

Less noise under full load

80 Advertising Index

Reversible engine cooling fan



The 615C offers logging professionals a compact, light-weight, low ground pressure machine well suited to soft soil, steep terrain and tight spaces. Standard equipped with EHS, performance and efficiency reach new heights. EHS allows the machine to automatically achieve extremely high tractive effort and quick travel speeds, all while operating with maximum fuel efficiency. Powerful, fast, efficient. Get the best of everything with the EHS equipped 615C.



SUBSCRIPTIONS Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 583 Annual Subscription UK and Europe £160, €230 Rest of the world US$270 EDITORIAL T: +44 (0)1442 877 583 F: +44 (0)1442 870 617 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, UK Editorial Director John Chadwick Editor Chris Cann Editorial Board Dr Patrick Moore – Chairman and Chief Scientist of Greenspirit (Canada) Darren Oldham – Managing Director Söderhamn Eriksson (UK) Professor Piotr Paschalis-Jakubowicz – Warsaw Agricultural University (Poland) Andre de Freitas Forest Stewardship Council Head of Operations Eduardo Morales South American Forestry Consultant ADVERTISING AND PROMOTIONS Lansdowne Media Services Ltd Advertising Manager Phil Playle Group Advertising Manager David Lansdowne +44 (0)1442 87 77 77 Associate Editor Robin Peach Advertising Production Enquiries Emma Smith International Forest Industries is published by International Forest Industries Ltd, 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, UK International Forest Industries (ISSN 1755-6732) is published monthly by International Forest Industries Ltd GBR and is distributed in the USA by Asendia USA, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 and additional mailing offices. Periodicals postage paid at New Brunswick NJ. POSTMASTER: send address changes to International Forest Industries, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 © International Forest Industries Ltd 2007 – 2014 IFI uses, as preference, SI units throughout. All dollars are US unless otherwise stated.

4 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014


Opportunity knocks


or much in the Northern Hemisphere, this Summer can’t come soon enough. Many parts of North America suffered historically cold conditions over the winter months, while in Europe, or at least in the UK where International Forest Industries is headquartered, flooding made winter a damp and depressing affair. But the green shoots of Spring have sprung and as this edition of IFI hits the desks around the world, those in the Northern Hemisphere should be starting to enjoy some Summer temperatures and more blue sky. Summer, of course, also signals the start of another season of forestry sector exhibitions. These exhibitions are crucial to everyone in our industry and we, as a medium, do everything we can to promote them. On a slightly depressing note, the season should have been officially underway late last month (April) when the Quebec Forestry and Construction Expo was due to be held. But the event has had to be postponed. Though it has not been cancelled outright at this stage, the delay provides a stark reminder to anyone who felt the dark years of 2008-2012 were completely behind us. But on a more positive note, the third Expo Forest Brazilian Forest Fair will begin imminently in Sao Paulo. This event, as a colleague of mine particularly devoted to all things Brazilian regularly tells me, provides a reminder of just how important South American markets have become to manufacturers. The scale of this particular event makes that reminder impossible to ignore. Meanwhile, major promotions group Elmia is putting the finishing touches on preparations ahead of World Bioenergy 2014 in Jönköping, which is set for early June. The bioenergy sector is champing at the bit to kick off this regular event, which provides a unique meeting place for

the bioenergy community to swap notes on the latest techniques and technology, and hopefully allow contractors to pick up some business changing machinery. Interforst 2014 in Germany will also cover wood as a renewable energy source, along with a wider focus on a broad range of forest product technology. This one will be on us by mid-July. Later in the Summer, FinnMETKO will provide a focal point for forestry sector professionals in the forestry stronghold of Finland. Then in September, we begin to wind down with one final fling through the APF 2014 exhibition in England. It will be a busy and demanding period of travel for manufacturers trotting the globe to ensure they are represented so market shares can be protected. And, for the first time in years, it is also an opportunity for serious growth. Finnish cut-to-length specialist Ponsse released its first quarter results recently and I was struck by the change in fortunes over a 12-month period. The group recorded some truly impressive figures (see World Markets – Logging p.12) and has shown that companies that have continued to innovate and ensure their presence is felt across international markets can deliver results not seen since pre-2008. This may be seen in the financial results of more and more companies as the year progresses and is likely to buoy the mood leading into industry shows. For our part, IFI will be at as many of the above exhibitions as we can manage so if you have a story to tell, don’t be a stranger! Enjoy Chris Cann Editor


Handling what the forest throws at you takes serious brains as well as brawn. And the 703JH Tracked Harvester has plenty of both. Advanced diagnostics keep you up to speed, while seamless integration among the carrier, the head, and the measuring system give you unparalleled control. Best of all, these smarts are packed into a body that gives you big-tree strength, ensuring that the 703JH stands at the head of its class. For more info, see your dealer today, or call 1-800-503-3373. At John Deere, We’re For Loggers. APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 5


Morbark and Precision join forces


orbark, a leading manufacturer of highperformance wood waste reduction equipment for more than 50 years, has signed a contract with Precision Sharpening Devices to become the exclusive original equipment manufacturer to sell the Bevel Buddy Chipper Knife Sharpener through its authorised dealer network. Since 1988, Precision Sharpening Devices has been manufacturing counter grinding/ back bevelling equipment for knives used by a variety of industries, mostly for the pulp and paper, sawmill, plywood, and whole tree chipping markets.

The Bevel Buddy handheld sharpener allows the knives to be re-sharpened without needing to be removed from the machine. The knives can be re-sharpened this way two to three times, reducing customer downtime. “The partnership between Morbark and Precision Sharpening Devices with their line of Bevel Buddy Chipper Knife Sharpeners will offer our customers a product that helps them operate their equipment at the highest levels of efficiency,” Mark Mills, from Precision Sharpening Devices, said. “The results are fuel savings, meeting production quotas, less down time, and greatly

The Bevel Buddy sharpening system reducing their overall costs while maintaining a quality product and a safer work environment. Both parties view this as a ‘What’s best for the customer’ focus.” John Foote, Morbark VP of Sales and Marketing, said the group was always looking for ways to make customers “more productive, more efficient and more successful”.

DuraTech debuts TC-15 Chipper

DuraTech Industries has released it’s much anticipated TC-15 tree chipper

6 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

DuraTech Industries has released its much anticipated TC-15 tree chipper. The TC-15 is the larger option in the DuraTech tree chipper line. With an option of a 122 hp (91 kw) CAT C4.4 or 139 hp (103.7 kw) CAT C4.4 diesel engine and PT-Tech clutch, the powerful TC-15 can grind logs up to 375 mm (15 in) in diameter. “We are excited to offer a larger tree chipper with the same advanced and powerful technology utilised in our grinders,” Bob Strahm of DuraTech Industries said. “Our TC-12 tree chipper entered

“Partnering with Precision Sharpening Devices to offer the Bevel Buddy through our worldwide network of authorised Morbark dealers give our customers easy access to another tool to help them be more productive, and ultimately, more successful.”

us into a new market, and now we are expanding further into this territory.” The TC-15 features a springloaded feed wheel with adjustable down pressure, an optional height sensor that automatically adjusts the feed roller to material size and an optional hydraulic gathering winch. A hydraulic two feed roller system feeds the four 107.5 mm (4.5 in) knives designed to chip wood waste. This high-powered unit discharges debris 360° from the hydraulic rotating adjustable chip spout, allowing the user to alter chip disposal. The TC-15 has multiple safety features like the innovative hopper safety light bars with easy and instant shut down. There are also two E-stop switches, a disc hood closed proximity switch and a breakaway brake switch to ensure the safety of the operator. “Safety is a major concern when operating chippers,” Strahm said. “The precautions installed on both of our tree chippers allow the users to operate safely and benefit from full use of all the features.” The new tree chipper is available with a pintle or ball hitch and can easily be towed to a job site. This unit is compact measuring 1985 mm x 5120 mm (79 in x 208 in).

HIGH PRODUCTION FROM THE GROUND UP. Vermeer, the Vermeer logo and Equipped to Do More are trademarks of Vermeer Manufacturing Company in the U.S. and/or other countries. Š 2014 Vermeer Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


Metso’s biomass moisture analyser wins award Metso’s biomass moisture analyser has received the esteemed iF design award in one of the world’s top product design competitions. The jury recognised the product for its design quality, degree of innovation, environmental impact, functionality, safety and branding, among others. “The design features competitive and easy-to-use fuel moisture measuring equipment coupled with a user interface that can be used in multiple surroundings,” Arvo Rahikkala, Business Manager for Power and Minerals Automation within Metso, said. With Metso MR Moisture Analyser, it is possible to accurately measure the moisture content of virtually any bulk material, such as wood-based samples (whole-

tree chips, forest residue chips, peat), annual fibres (straw, grains, willow), minerals and sludge, regardless of the material quality or particle size. The fast and reliable moisture measurement is applicable to pulp and paper mills, minerals processing plants as well as power plants to optimise their operations. “Improved moisture analysing technology brings significant benefits, for example, to biofuel power plants where fuel moisture is the main property measured,” Rahikkala said. “By measuring moisture more accurately, power plants can more accurately determine the true heat value and heat value based price of incoming biofuel. This is a key to evaluating its true energy content and value in order to optimize boiler operation

Austrian steep terrain tour to focus on safety and training

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8 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

for enhanced productivity.” Compared with conventional oven drying that requires both resources and time to provide accurate results, Metso MR Moisture enables power producers to attain a fast and reliable moisture measurement with less effort and lower costs. Metso MR Moisture is the first industrial moisture measurement application using magnetic resonance technology to measure the water content by measuring hydrogen atoms from free water molecules.

This October, forestry contractors and company people will again have the opportunity to visit modern steep terrain harvesting operations in Austria. In addition to visiting operations and innovation in steep terrain harvesting, a focus will also be on safety and training. The 5 day tour will include a full day of professional training at the Ossiach Austrian Federal Training Institute. The tour is being organized by Prof Rien Visser from the School of Forestry at the University of Canterbury. In addition to two previous successful trips, Rien completed his PhD in Austria and is quite familiar with their operations and has good contacts to organise such a trip. The tour will visit a number of live yarder operations, inspect their forest roads, as well as a tethered harvester and forwarder operation. Other tour highlights will include visiting two yarder and steep terrain equipment manufacturers; Mayr-Melnhof

and Konrad ForstTechnik who make the Syncrofalke and Mounty yarders respectively – both leading brands in the European market. For the first few days the Austrian Professor Karl Stampfer, a recognized leader in steep terrain productivity, safety and ergonomics will join the tour. The last day will be hosted by the Austria Federal Forest service, an entity that has an exemplary record in professional training and innovative steep terrain operations. For more information please contact Rien Visser atrien.visser@


Wood energy takes centre stage for Interforst 2014


nterforst 2014 will be focused on wood as a renewable resource. After cropping and harvesting, this topic will rank second at this key international forestry and forest technology trade fair. Well-known exhibitors will present machinery and equipment for the entire energy wood process chain in Munich from July 16-20, ranging from timber harvesting, transportation and processing up to wood as a source of energy. Another focal point will be the quality of solid fuels and their quantification. In many areas of forestry, the use of wood as an energy source exerts a noticeable influence, a trend which is also recognisable in forest technology. There are two tendencies: on the one hand, the consumers’ requirements regarding the quality of the final product are continuously rising; on the other hand, resource efficiency at the different levels of the entire process chain is an important topic. In addition, an increasing number of new areas have been opened up as a result of the use of wood as a source of energy in the last few years, such as for example short rotation coppices (SRC) or wood sourced from landscape conservation projects. Currently, there is an intense technology transfer, particularly in the field of harvesting machinery. The traditional sales market of the

forest sector economy has been clearly extended. Many fellerbunching units can meanwhile be used in all three areas. Werner Steininger, Managing Director of Westtech Maschinenbau evaluated the current changes in the market: “In the meantime, one out of four products we sell is used in short rotation forestry and for wood sourced from landscape conservation projects,” he said. “We constantly tap new fields of application which are partly not very closely related to forestry. We are working intensively on the steady improvement of the service life of our new products, including their wear and spare parts.” This evaluation confirms another current trend for the whole industry: resource efficiency. It is reflected in many areas – whether in connection with gasoline saving chain saws with direct injection engines or with low-consumption drive units in large machines or with new wedge geometries for wood splitters requiring less pressure to split wood of the same thickness. The special presentation on ‘Monitoring nutrient removal during timber harvesting’ is entirely dedicated to this area. Here, harvester units that contribute to reducing the removal of nutrients in the timber stand will be presented. Furthermore, the quality of harvested timber is increased by

delimbing and debarking the felled trees at the same time. A great number of marketleading companies have registered for participation to present their innovations in the area of wood energy. These topics will also be presented and discussed at the congress, the forums and the special presentation placed under the banner, ‘Using wood – moving responsibly into the future’. Two months before opening its gates, Interforst is on track to beat its international numbers from the last show in 2010. In addition to the strong presence of European exhibitors, numerous companies from outside Europe, for example from China, India, Canada and the USA, are represented at the show. Turkey will participate and the largest share of international exhibitors look like being from Austria, Italy, Sweden and Finland, followed by Denmark, Estonia, France, Latvia, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Slovenia and the Czech Republic. “With 70,000 m2 of gross exhibition space we have rented about 5% more space than [in] 2010,” Dr Reinhard Pfeiffer,

Managing Director of show organiser Messe München International, said. “Among other things, this increase can be explained by the fact that some exhibitors have enlarged their spaces compared to the previous event. This indicates that there is optimism in the industry.” Ralf Dreeke, Chairman of the Advisory Board confirms: “The market for machinery, for example for the owners of small forests and self-cutters, has shown a very positive development over a long period. As regards the large forestry machines such as, for example, harvesters and forwarders, the market currently seems to grow again – similar to Interforst 2010. “We are convinced of the fact that Interforst 2014 will be able to provide a decisive impulse again and therefore very much look forward to this show.”

Metsähallitus acquires enterprise resource planning system from Savcor Finnish State Forest, Metsähallitus, has acquired an enterprise resource planning system from Savcor Forest. The system is called Ohjas and should take forestry operations to “a new level” once an integration project is complete. That project has started and will be complete by the end of next year 2015. “The main goal is to run and strengthen forestry business

operations with only one system,” Director of Forestry from Metsähallitus, Heikki Savolainen, said. Ohjas includes functions to plan, operate and report processes in wood trade, harvesting, bioenergy and silviculture. Operative financial transactions are also covered by Ohjas. Furthermore, the system acts as a link in between Metsähallitus and

10 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

the entrepreneurs. Savcor has been long term partner with Metsähallitus and the Ohjas contract is significant because of its magnitude. The contract includes helpdesk and maintenance of the system. Metsähallitus is a government enterprise divided into business activities and primarily budgetfunded public administration duties. The body manages about

a third of Finland’s commercial forests. The forests are used for various purposes, not just to produce timber but also for recreation and preserving biodiversity. Metsähallitus commercial forest management combines ecological, economic and social sustainability.


Ponsse returns to form Ponsse’s first quarter financials for 2014 position the company for a much brighter year compared to 2013 – they also signal a healthier forestry sector in general


strengthening forestry market has led to a more handsome set of quarterly numbers from major Finnish cut-tolength manufacturer, Ponsse, which registered a 40% improvement in sales. More importantly for the immediate future of the sector and the company, the order books were more than 100% heavier. Net sales for the period were €86.9 million, which transpired into a €7.4 million operating result. The result before tax was €6.9 million and cash flow was €2.2 million. Earnings per share were €0.19 compared to zero in the corresponding period, while the equity ratio improved from 32.3% to 37.9%. The order books stood at €104.1 million at the end of the quarter compared to less than €50 million for the corresponding period. “The good outlook in the

forestry sector had a positive impact,” Ponsse President and Chief Executive Juho Nummela. “The demand for forest machines was at a good level during the first quarter. The order volume of new machines increased, and our order book continued to increase.” He said Russia, which remained an important market area for the group, was still at a “normal level” and the unstable situation in Ukraine had not had a substantial impact. The positive trend in North America meanwhile continued and the market was expected to “develop favourably”. Nummela said Central Europe had shown signs of recovery, while Sweden was still at a low level in terms of overall market development. Serial production of the Ponsse Scorpion range began at the Vieremä factory during the

period and demand continued to be active with feedback from the demonstration tours “extremely positive”. The demand for other product models was maintained at a good level as well to stimulate an active order intake. The service business continued to grow significantly, while used machine sales continued on a moderate growth trend. “Sales of new machines returned to the normal level from the weak comparable period and the net sales for the quarter were good for a first quarter,” Nummela said. “The stock of new products was at a level slightly higher than normal, while the capital tied up in raw materials and consumables increased slightly but the stock of trade-in machines was correspondingly at a good level.” The group’s Euro-denominated

Juho Nummela operating profit was expected to be significantly higher than in 2013. “Ponsse’s strongly renewed and competitive product portfolio and maintenance service solutions are having a positive effect on the company’s business operations,” Nummela said. “Thanks to the strong order books, the factory is able to produce forest machines at normal capacity. We estimate that the work situation of our customers will also continue to be normal. “Our investments in the buildings of the Vieremä factory, product development and maintenance services, development and renewal of production technology and product development will continue.”



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12 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

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Sawlog prices move higher Global sawlog prices rose in the fourth quarter of last year resulting in the GSPI reaching its third highest level since 1995. The highest price increases were seen in western North America, Northern Europe and the Baltic States, according to the Wood Resource Quarterly


awlog prices trended upward throughout the world in the December quarter of 2013 and the Global Sawlog Price Index (GSPI) rose to $88.78/m3. This was the highest level in over two years and the third highest price on record since the inception of the Index in 1995, according to a report from the Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ). At the end of the period, the GSPI was 5.4% higher year-over-year and 14% higher than the 10-year average. Many of the price increases around the world during 2013 were the result of improved lumber prices in a number of key markets in the second half of the year and a substantially higher trade of logs worldwide. Global shipments of softwood logs were up by as much as 17% from 2012, totalling more than 80 million m3, based on estimates by WRQ publisher, Wood Resources

International. This was the highest shipment of logs since 2007 when global trade reached an estimated 86 million m3. Of the ten largest log-importing countries, China, Germany, Sweden, Finland and Canada increased import volumes the most year-over-year. It was only South Korea that reduced importation from 2012 to 2013. On a regional basis, sawlog prices in the fourth quarter went up the most in North America and Europe year-over-year because of tighter log supply, while log prices retracted somewhat in Latin America and Oceania (in US dollar terms). In local currencies, upward price movements the past year have been the highest in the western US, western Canada, Japan, Latvia and Sweden, with fourth quarter pricing between 8-18% higher than in the corresponding period, according to

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Wood pellet exports led by southern US Wood pellet exports from North America to Europe have doubled in two years to reach 4.7 Mt in 2013 with the US South accounting for 63% of the volume, according to the North American Wood Fiber Review


ith no slowdown in sight, North American wood pellet exporting companies keep building new facilities to manufacture pellets for the European market. Export volumes hit a new record high in the fourth quarter of last year and the total shipments for 2013 were up almost 50% from the previous year and more than double that in 2011. The total value of wood pellet exports reached over $650 million last year. A rapid expansion of pellet production capacity in the US south during 2012 and 2013 has resulted in a tripling of pellet production in the region in just two years. The expansion, which is entirely driven by demand for biomass in Europe, has increased pellet exports from 800,000 t in 2011 to 2.9 Mt in 2013 according to data compiled by Wood Resources

International and reported in the North American Wood Fiber Review. Many of the recent investments in pellet capacity in the US south have occurred along the Atlantic coast, with Enviva and Fram Renewables expanding production in the states of Georgia, North Carolina and Virginia. The expansion in Canadian pellet export has been less dramatic than that of the US, but 2013 volumes were still over 50% higher than in 2011, with British Columbia shipping a majority of the volume. In Canada, there have been two recent developments of interest. Firstly, regular shipments of pellets to South Korea started in the second half of 2013 and, secondly, exports from Eastern Canada from Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick increased during this same time period.

Rentech plans to increase pellet exports in the back end of this year Eastern Canada will see additional pellet export volumes later in 2014 when Rentech begins operation at its two pellet facilities now underway in Ontario. As reported in the NAWFR (www., a Quebec pellet export facility under construction at the Port of Quebec is the first dedicated infrastructure for pellet exports along the St Lawrence Seaway. Its presence, when

completed, reduces the heretofore, substantial entry barrier for a number of smaller pellet companies which are interested in the international market. In the fourth quarter last year, export volumes from the Eastern provinces accounted for 25% of Canada’s total pellet exports, a share that is likely to increase in 2014 and 2015.







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WA wood chip exports get the nod Wood chips will soon be exported through the Esperance Port in WA following 18 months of preparation. An agreement between Esperance Ports Sea & Land (EPSL) and Australian Plantation Log Exports (APLE) has been approved and will see wood chips finally exported through the port. APLE has been working closely with the Esperance Chamber of Commerce and Industry and EPSL for the last 18 months and said they were pleased with the breakthrough. Farmers who planted trees before the global financial crisis hit, will see the trees go when work begins in May of this year. APLE logistics Manager Peter Sutton said he would work closely with landholders and contractors on the project. “It will be a seven year project that landholders have been very eager to see start”, Mr. Sutton said. “We have seen a lot of this come and go and there has been a lot of talk around the forestry industry in Esperance.” Mr Sutton said APLE became involved after looking at projects around Australia. We amalgamated together and have been talking to the landholders about their options after finally being approved to export chips. “More than 30 permanent jobs would be created by the project as well as supporting local industries including fuel, training and maintenance.” he said. Harvesting crews will be showing up in May to set up locations around Esperance.

Interfor Hints Change? International Forest Products Limited or more popularly known as Interfor will want leverage the popularity from this deviation in the name by asking its shareholders at its May 6 Annual General Meeting (AGM) to vote on a proposal to change the Company name to Interfor Corporation from International Forest Products Limited. “The change will provide a

direct link to our traditional trade name and build on the successful rebranding efforts undertaken in recent years using the Interfor name and logo,” President & CEO Duncan Davies said today. “The new name will also be consistent with the formal names of our US subsidiaries which now account for more than 50% of our production.” The name “Interfor” has been trademarked for exclusive use of

the Company in the world’s major lumber markets. Interfor is a growth-oriented lumber company with operations in Canada and the United States. The Company has annual production capacity of 2.6 billion board feet and offers one of the most diverse lines of lumber products to customers around the world.

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Canfor sells Quebec mill Canfor Corporation has entered into a letter of intent with Groupe Lebel to sell the Daaquam sawmill located in Saint-Just-de-Bretenières, Quebec. The transaction was expected to close at the end of March and is subject to customary closing conditions, including the execution of a formal agreement. The Daaquam mill produced 120 mbdft of lumber in 2013. “Daaquam was sold because it was not core to our Western Canadian operations,” Don

Kayne, Canfor Chief Executive, said. “Groupe Lebel is a well-respected company and Daaquam is a good strategic fit for it. We wish Groupe Lebel and all the employees of the Daaquam mill good luck in the future.” The proceeds of sale of the Daaquam sawmill and working capital combined with the sale of other associated properties related to Daaquam to other third parties is expected to amount to about $25 million.

Begna Bruk buys Cambio 800 D type from Söderhamn Eriksson One of two True-Q grade mark readers at IFG’s Lewiston plant Begnaunits Bruk(left) from and Norway has ordered a new operating costs, make the Cambio 800 one of debarker of the Cambio 800 D type from the most used solutions in demanding sawmills. Swedish manufacturer, Söderhamn Eriksson. Begna Bruk is an independent sawmill and The machine belongs to the latest generation the biggest industrial enterprise in the Valdres with newly developed feed rollerLucidyne drives and bark The company’s major stockholder, Viken plans toarea. continue its development efforts, flow guard as well as a new frame design. Skog from the Forest Owners Association, building on staff and technology, but contrary to what The Cambio 800 from is a low-wear, fast ensures a regular supply of local raw material. many in the do, refrain from providing debarker for all log dimensions. Its companies high This industry gives customers confidence in the product reliability, maintenance-friendly design and low quality from the mill, according to Begna. other types of lumber manufacturing equipment

Confor secures budget boost for sawmilling Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne has announced that the sawmilling sector will be eligible for a Climate Change Agreement (CCA), unlocking the potential for the sector to save up to GBP 1.5 million ($2.5 million) a year. “This is fantastic news, and the culmination of over a year’s hard work”, said Stuart Goodall, chief executive of Confor. “Confor approached the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) in early 2013 to request that UK sawmilling be accepted for a CCA, which would then provide the opportunity to avoid two energy taxes currently levied on the sector”.

16 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

Acceptance into a sector CCA means that sawmill businesses commit to reducing energy consumption per unit of production in return for a rebate on the Climate Change Levy, and, if they are subject to it, avoidance of the Climate Reduction Commitment. Energy reduction measures should be practical, with a reasonable pay-back period. IFI A sector target for reducing energy has been put to DECC. The next stage will be to finalise the details of the CCA and then for interested sawmills to apply to participate in the Agreement.

“Many sawmills can potentially benefit from participating in the CCA, and Confor would be happy to advise any interested mill. However, mills consuming less than 10,000 t of wood a year may find the financial benefit to be marginal at best.” Confor has calculated that the UK sawmilling sector pays around GBP 1.5 million ($2.5 million) a year in energy taxes under the Climate Change Levy and through the Climate Reduction Commitment. Confor: promoting forestry and wood is a membership organisation that promotes sustainable forestry and low-carbon businesses.


J.D. Irving, Limited Wants to Purchase 9% More Private Wood this Year SAINT JOHN, NB: J.D. Irving, Limited (JDI) intends to purchase 9% more wood from private woodlot owners and wood producers than it did last year. This follows a 25-year record for private wood purchases by the company. In the 2013-14 operating year, JDI mills purchased 682,000m3 of NB private wood – the largest volume since 1989. J.D. Irving, Limited has shared its purchase plan for 2014-15 with the seven NB Forest Products Marketing Boards, the NB Federation of Woodlot Owners and the Department of Natural Resources. The plan confirms the company wants to purchase 740,000m3 – a 9% increase over what JDI bought last year. Achieving this plan would be biggest purchase volume from private woodlot owners in JDI’s history. “Private woodlot owners have always – and continue to be - a vital part of the supply chain to sustain mill jobs across New Brunswick. The 58,000m3 increase in wood volumes we want to purchase this year from private producers is the best proof of our commitment,” said Brent Thompson, Director of Wood Procurement for J.D. Irving, Limited. “We appreciate the efforts of almost 700 private woodlot owners and producers who supplied us last year and look forward to working with them in 2014 to achieve this year’s target. Competitive mills provide stable markets for private wood producers. In 2015, sawmill modernizations will create added market opportunities.”

Joint bio-based composites stand at COMPOSITES EUROPE 2014 For the first time, there will be a specially focused, dedicated presentation of bio-based composites at the COMPOSITES EUROPE 2014 in Düsseldorf, 7-9 October. To make this happen, the nova-Institute and COMPOSITES EUROPE joined forces and arranged a joint stand devoted to bio-based composites. The stand will feature all composite solutions with reinforcement by natural, wood or cellulose fibres, bio-based thermoplastics and thermosets as matrix for glass and carbon fibres, and of course fully biobased composites with wood and natural fibres.

Sexton Lumber to optimize line Sexton Lumber has purchased a complete Transverse Optimizer from VAB Solutions for the sawmill located in Bloomfield, Newfoundland. The transverse scanner-optimizer will replace an existing unit in the sawmill, and will scan for both geometric and visual defects using new low-cost technology designed by VAB. This new turnkey contract includes the optimization, the PLC & control and all the mechanical tasks related to this project. VAB Solutions Inc., is now proud to offer to its business partners a new transverse optimizer at the sawmill that will stand for its unique technology, delivering an incomparable reading

precision at low cost of operation. “This new equipment at the cutting edge of the technology will enable our business partners to significantly increase their production efficiency by increasing their productivity and the quality of their product,” says Marc Voyer, Vice President and General Manager of VAB Solutions Inc. Sexton Lumber is a privately held sawmill in eastern Newfoundland producing 60 million bdft/yr, which rebuilt its planer mill in 2010 including a VAB planer optimizer. The sawmill has been seen periodic shutdowns since October of last year as its log supply has been unsteady.

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Handling a World of Materials

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 17


West Fraser acquires Alberta, Arkansas sawmills West Fraser continues to grow its lumber business in the U.S. South and in western Canada with the announcement that it has entered into an agreement to acquire the Bibler Brothers Lumber sawmill and lumber manufacturing operations located in Russellville, Arkansas. West Fraser also announced the successful completion of the acquisition of Buchanan Lumber sawmill located in High Prairie, Alberta from Gordon Buchanan Enterprises Ltd. The Alberta-based Buchanan Lumber sawmill has an annual capacity of approximately 110 million board feet of lumber. West Fraser plans to invest additional capital in the mill to expand the annual production capacity to approximately 175 million board feet. The acquisition includes timber rights having an annual allowable harvest of approximately 430,000 cubic metres of coniferous timber and 21,000 cubic metres

of deciduous timber. The Company expects that the Buchanan Lumber sawmill and related assets will be complementary to several of West Fraser’s existing Alberta operations. The Arkansas-based Bibler Brothers Lumber sawmill produced approximately 136 million board feet of lumber in 2013 and in excess of 160 million board feet in 2005. Russellville is located in western Arkansas and is approximately 80 miles from West Fraser’s recently-acquired sawmill in Mansfield, Arkansas. Completion of the Bibler Brothers Lumber acquisition is subject to satisfaction of certain conditions that are expected to be satisfied before the end of April. Once completed, West Fraser will own four sawmills in Arkansas as well as sawmills in neighbouring Texas and Louisiana. “We are pleased to be growing and welcoming new employees to West Fraser in the U.S. South and in western Canada,” said

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Ted Seraphim, President and CEO West Fraser’s President and CEO Ted Seraphim. “We expect that these acquisitions will enhance our current operations in Alberta and Arkansas and will further position West Fraser to take advantage of the expected strengthening of our lumber markets.” With respect to the acquisitions announced by West Fraser in 2014 to date, additional details will be provided in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of its first quarter financial results as well as during the Company’s regularly scheduled conference call to review those results.

FPAC welcomes Korean deal

motors. Another advantage is the nd saw filing room supplies,” nearly complete compensation ork stated. “Oleson bandsaws motors. Another of advantage is the and saw filing room supplies,” the driving forces to minimise re manufactured in our This deal will make Canadian wood products new markets and innovations,” says Lindsay.of The Forest Products Association of Canada nearly completethe compensation York stated. “Oleson bandsaws The possibility of moving the saw arbors in their outer end motors. advantage is the room supplies,” bearing ennsylvania, USA facility.” much more competitive with the elimination of Another “This trade expands our access to the the Asiaexpressed its support for the free trade the driving forces to minimise are manufactured in our position clears the whole working space and arbors allows in easy The possibility of moving the saw their outer end compensation of Oleson bandsaws “The high drive power makesexcellent it duties that range from 1-10%. It will alsonearly help complete Pacific region which provides market agreement reached bearing load. Pennsylvania, USAbetween facility.” Canada and Korea trouble-shooting ifdiscriminatory necessary – Linck the driving forces to minimise the redprototype in our double arbor position clears the whole space and allows easy possible to splitfor multiple products he to prevent practices affecting opportunities ourhigh industry’s traditional and as the sector continues to pursue expanded The possibility of moving the saw arbors in theirworking outer end “The drive power makes it bearing load.and to process large cross USA facility.” ircular saw from trouble-shooting if necessary – Linck possible to split multiple products TheGerman prototype double arbor Canadian wood products entering Korea based transformed products.” markets in the Asia-Pacific region. position clears the whole working space and allows easy “The high drive power it speeds,” sections withmakes high manufacturer Linck, model circular saw from of German and feed to processincluding large cross on production methods or other factors. A robust trade agenda, ongoing “Thethe hundreds communities across trouble-shooting if necessary – Linck possible to split multiple products double the manufacturer said. “The MKS, hasarbor a fixed saw sleeve and sections withpartnerships high feed speeds,” manufacturer Linck,on the model forest products Last year, the Canadian forest sector marketing and promotion with Canada who depend a strong anduse to process large cross om presented German at the Ligna trade machine is therefore suitable forsaid. “The was guides. The saw arbors can high cutting speed allows the MKS, has a fixed sawa sleeve the manufacturer exported more than $500 million worth of our embassies and trade offices, as well as industry benefit from strong and export agenda,” Linck, model sections withsaw highlines feed speeds,” how inthe 2013. With its large at the Ligna therefore be positioned for of saw blades with saw allows the existing split suitable for wasthe presented arbors high smaller cutting the use where machine is therefore wood, pulpcan and paper products to Southspeed Korea, a reliable transportation and infrastructure said President and CEO oftrade FPAC, Davidguides. The saw the manufacturer said. “The capacity.” ed saw sleeve and lamping length of 560 mm, the different saw blade diameters. kerfs. saw is reducing saw lines the existing split show in“The 2013. With its bemaking positioned for of saw export bladesmarket. with smallersystem saw throughout it Canada’s fourth largest thiswhere vast country, will help Lindsay. signing oflarge this deal will helptherefore the d at the Ligna trade four-sided guides. The saw“The arbors can high speed use bearings machine suitable for machine can process possibility of moving thecutting Theallows use of the counter for is therefore The single components of the clamping length of 560continue mm, the to different sawOver blade diameters. is reducing half of those productskerfs. came from western the Canadiansaw forest productscapacity.” industry reach forest products industry diversify saw lines where the existing split Withof itsup large be positioned of saw bladesthe with smaller saw machine bysingle Linck are of ants to 600 mm totaltherefore width. four-sided saw arbors for in their outer end saw with higher The components ofto the “The possibility of Pulp moving the arbors uselargest ofspeeds counter bearings for produced Canada. currently makesThe up the its Vision2020 goal of adding $20 billion itsmachine markets.can Weprocess encourage the government to saw is reducing capacity.” th 560 mm, theof 350 mm different sawposition blade diameters. kerfs. high quality and precise design toby Linck are of heof cutting height clears the whole working reduces the bearing load to a machine produced cants ofadvocating up to 600 mm total width. saw arbors inportion their outer end products exported the saw arbors with higherCanada’s speeds economic of forest to South activity. continue for more open international rocessthe four-sided “The possibility of moving The use ofminimum counter bearings for The single ensure components of thelumber surface llows processing of large space and allowsthe easy troublesaw arbor units high quality and precise design to The cutting height 350 mm the whole working and the reduces the bearing load to a “excellent Korea. relations, freer tradeof and the necessary position clears 600 mm total width. saw arbors inshooting their outer end thesaid. saw arbors higher machine produced by Linck are of dimension ross sections. if necessary,” Linck arewith suitable forspeeds robust and quality ensure “excellent lumber surface allows the processing of large space and allows easy troubleminimum and the saw arbor unitsand exceptional “As part of our Vision2020 initiative, the infrastructure to support a strong export ight 350arbors mm can be position clears the working reduces the bearing loadoperation. to a high quality and preciseThis design to Theofsaw Thewhole saw arbor bearingif is a continuous The counter accuracy”. accuracy also cross sections. shooting necessary,” Linck said. are suitable for robust and quality andisexceptional dimension industry aims to increase itsunits revenue through agenda.” ensure “excellent lumber surface cessing ofin large space and allows easy troubleminimum andbearings the saw are arbor achieved by the optional use ositioned height completely new design for speeds hydraulically pulled accuracy”. Thisofaccuracy is also The saw arbors can be The saw arbor bearing is a continuous operation. The counter quality and exceptional dimension . shooting if necessary,” Linckrpm. said. are suitable for robust and plates being installed at optional the ndependently from each other of up to 3,900 This high the saw arbors and moved achieved by the use of positioned in height completely new design foroffspeeds bearings are hydraulicallyguide pulled bors be The saw arbor bearing is a continuous operation. Thea counter accuracy”. This accuracy is alsoside, depending singcan servo-hydraulics with linear speed in combination with the upwards on carriage. The saw in and/or outfeed independently from each other of up to 3,900 rpm. This high off the saw arbors and moved guide plates being installed at the height completely new design for speeds bearings are arbors hydraulically pulled achieved the optional use of be accessed for byThe onsaw the application. in and/or outfeed side, depending using servo-hydraulics with linear speed in combination with the can easily upwards on a carriage. from each other of up to 3,900 rpm. This high off the saw arbors and moved guide plates being installed spraying at the device is a comfortable, safe and toolbe A saw arbors canfast easily accessed for bladeon the application. in and/or outfeed side,for depending ydraulics with linear speed in combination with the upwards on achange. carriage. The saw available processing resinous Partly mechanised and A saw blade spraying device is a comfortable, safe and fast tool on the application. arbors can easily accessed for wood such as larch, protecting the fully be automatic systems are available for processing change. Partly mechanised and Winnipeg, closedisin December 2009. resinous EACOM Timber Corporation has aEacom comfortable, safe andforfast toolpurchased Aa saw blade spraying device available changing the tools. saw blades against resin. fully automatic systems areacquired the sawmill wood such asDomtar larch, protecting the from a year later completePartly planer millmaximum lineal and grading optimizer change. mechanised available for processing resinous are Additional advantages the The drive power is saw blades against resin. available for changing the tools. along with the rights to 150 million board feel for its sawmill in Ear Falls, Ontario from VAB fully automatic systems are three-phase wood such asincreased larch, protecting the 1,000 kW. Two life time of the saw The maximum drive power is Additional advantages are the of stud lumber per year from the Trout Forest. Solutions.for changing saw blades against resin. available the tools. blades as well as reduced power asynchronous motors drive each increased life time of the saw 1,000 kW. Two three-phase The mill reopening has been dependent on “Wemaximum are proud to have completed the Additional advantages are the The power isare installed consumption. saw drive arbor, which and asynchronous motors drive each blades as well as reduced power reaching a labour agreement with the union and sale and this system Eacom 1,000 kW.installation Twooffset three-phase increased life time of the sawarbor byofabout 180°arbor, to for allow theare installed “The circular saw saw which anddoubleconsumption. a steady supply of lumber. Content that these Timber Corporation. This demonstrates the as reduced power asynchronoususe motors drive eachstandardblades as well MKS has already successfully of marketable “The double arbor circular saw offset by about 180° to allow the two requirements have been met, the company effectiveness of our it saw arbor, which arescanner installedand andthe benefits consumption. use of marketable standard MKS has already successfully confident it will provides our 180° business partners, “The doubleisarbor circular sawbe ready to start the mill back offset by to about to allow the “says Jean 6 International Forest Industries | FEBRUARY 2014/MARCH 2014 up successfully this year. Berube President of VAB Solutions. MKS has already use of marketable standard The Ear Falls sawmill, located 410 km from 26 International Forest Industries | FEBRUARY 2014/MARCH 2014

Eacom to upgrade Ear Falls

Forest Industries | FEBRUARY 2014/MARCH 2014

18 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014





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Forestry and Sawmill industry movements around the US South West Fraser has purchased Travis Lumber Company’s sawmill and lumber manufacturing operations. Located in Mansfield, Arkansas, the sawmill produced upwards of 100 mmbf last year. West Fraser plans to expand annual production to approximately 150 mmbf. CatchMark Timber Trust announced plans to acquire 36,340 acres of timberland from Hancock Timber Resource Group. The properties are located in Southeast Georgia near Baxley and Waycross and in East Texas near Panola. Including approximately 1.45 million tons of merchantable timber inventory, the approximately $74 million deal – approximately $2,036 per acre - is likely to close during the second quarter. Tolleson Lumber, which currently operates two sawmills and a remanufacturing facility in Georgia,

has been sold to Interfor, a Canadian company establishing a footprint in the southern yellow pine market. Current capacity at Tolleson’s Perry and Preston mills is upwards of 400 mmbf, and the Perry plant has plans to increase its production by 50 mmbf. According to statements released by Interfor, the acquisition increases the company’s overall annual lumber capacity by 20 percent, making it one of the top five lumber producers in North America.

Pacific Northwest After closing its doors last spring, five million dollars in tax credits and state loans has breathed new life into Rough & Ready Lumber Co. The O’Brien, Oregon mill relied on large logs and cited a lack of timber supply when it shuttered its operations. It will use the newly offered financial incentives to automate its procedures and enable it to process smaller logs. The mill

is expected to reopen during the summer. RockTenn has plans to purchase the Simpson Lumber Co. Tacoma (Washington) Kraft Paper Mill for approximately $343 million. The companies have also entered into a seven-year wood chip supply contract. Last year, the mill produced 465,000 tons of various paper grades including containerboard and kraft paper. The plant uses a mix of wood chips and recycled fiber and also operates a 55-MW green biomass fuel cogeneration facility.

Northeast A fire at the Fulghum Fibres wood chip mill in Baileyville, Maine on March 4 has reduced operating capacity by 50 percent. Caused by sparks from maintenance welding, the fire caused an estimated $1 million in damage. It is not yet known when the plant will

return to 100 percent production capacity. Fulghum Fibres supplies the majority of chips used by neighboring pulp mill Woodland Pulp which, as it turns out, has news of its own. International Grand Investment Corp., Woodland Pulp’s parent company, has announced it will make a $120 million capital investment to install two tissue machines at the plant. Production is expected to begin on the first machine during the fourth quarter of 2015, followed by the second machine the first quarter of 2016. St. Croix Tissue will operate the machines that will produce 60,000 tons of tissue annually. Approximately one quarter of the 395,000 metric tons of pulp produced at the Woodland mill will supply the new tissue operations. The remaining pulp will go to market. As reported by LeAndra Spicer

Universal Forest Products subsidiary purchases assets of North Carolina-based High Level Components Universal Forest Products, Inc. (UFPI) announced that one of its subsidiaries has purchased certain assets of High Level Components, LLC, a building component manufacturer based in Locust, N.C. The transaction closed on March 31, 2014. High Level will join Universal’s UFP Mid-Atlantic subsidiary, a component manufacturer with locations in South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia and North Carolina. The acquisition will expand Universal’s capacity in the region and allow the company to serve customers in the Charlotte, N.C., market, where it currently doesn’t have a significant presence. “As we have assessed opportunities for growth and a stable business climate, the 20 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

greater Charlotte market has been an attractive target, and the capabilities, assets and opportunities presented by High Level Components provide a strong fit for our needs and objectives,” said Universal Forest Products CEO Matthew J. Missad. “The great people of High Level will be a welcome addition to our team,” Missad added. “We look forward to enhancing their position as a manufacturer of choice in their market, and to serving existing and future customers with the quality and reliability they’ve grown to expect from us.” High Level Components Plant Manager Corey Misenheimer will lead the new company as General Manager of Operations.

Housing Starts Rise 2.8 % in March Led by a 6 % rise in single-family starts, nationwide housing production rose 2.8 % above an upwardly revised February rate of 920,000 to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 946,000 units in March, according to newly released figures from HUD and the U.S. Census Bureau. “We see improving signs of new-home construction as we move into the spring buying season,” said Kevin Kelly, chairman of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) and a home builder and developer from Wilmington, Del. “The strongest recovery is in the Northeast and Midwest, where builders were hampered by severe winter weather earlier in the year.” “Today’s report is in line with our forecast of a gradual strengthening in the housing sector in 2014,” said NAHB Chief Economist David Crowe. “However, several uncertainties including tight credit conditions for home buyers and erratic job growth are making builders cautious about getting ahead of demand.” Single-family housing starts rose 6 % to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 635,000 units in March, while multifamily starts fell 6.1 % to 292,000 units. Regionally in March, combined single- and multifamily housing production rose strongly in the Northeast and Midwest with gains of 30.7 % and 65.5 %, respectively, but fell 9.1 % and 4.5 % in the South and West, respectively. Overall permit issuance fell 2.4 % to 990,000 units in March. The Northeast and Midwest posted gains of 33.3 % and 26 %, respectively, while the West was unchanged and the South posted a 17.1 % decline.

Baillie Lumber acquires American Hardwood Industries According to H.I.G. Capital, LLC , a leading global private equity investment firm, all the $15 billion of equity capital under management, announced that it has completed the sale of its portfolio company American Hardwood Industries to Baillie Lumber. Based in Waynesboro, Virginia, American Hardwood Industries is a leading manufacturer and supplier of hardwood lumber in the United States and abroad. Founded in 1955, AHI is the largest producer in its regions with over 100 million board feet of annual capacity (235,000 cubic metres) across eleven sawmills and kiln drying facilities in Virginia and throughout the Appalachian territory in the United States.



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J.D. Irving, Ltd announces $38m investment to modernize rural N.B. sawmills in Chipman and Doaktown J.D. Irving, Limited (JDI) has announced $38 Million in investments to modernize the company’s sawmills in Chipman and Doaktown. “These mills are vital to local employment and economic activity in rural New Brunswick and we are committed to sustaining and growing them,” said Jim Irving, Co-Chief Executive Officer of J.D. Irving, Limited. “The Province’s results-based forestry initiative provides the sustainable wood supply to invest and grow jobs. We appreciate this vote of confidence in the skill and passion of our mill employees and the hundreds of forestry professionals, harvesters, and truckers who work in the woods of rural New Brunswick.” “New Brunswick’s communities were built by strong partners and J.D. Irving, Limited’s investments at Grand Lake Timber in Chipman and

the White Pine Centre of Excellence in Doaktown demonstrates that the future of this region’s forestry sector is as bright as its past,” said Premier David Alward. “I want to congratulate JDI for the confidence it is placing in the skilled workers and local suppliers who drive success and innovation at these mills.” “The commitment made by JDI in Doaktown today will help ensure New Brunswick has a strong and competitive industry in many of its operations for years to come,” said Bruce Fitch, Minister of Economic Development. “This is great news for our community,” said Edward Farris, Mayor of Chipman. “This significant capital investment in Grand Lake Timber will not only grow short-term construction jobs and long term permanent jobs in the sawmill and woodlands,

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22 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

but it also supports at least 54 businesses in Chipman-Minto alone.” “From the village of Doaktown operates Atlantic Canada’s largest white pine mill and our largest employer. Renewable forests and a significant investment in a new mill means new jobs for construction workers and the woodlands. This is great news for the 24 businesses in our village that supply the mill,” said Bev Gaston, Mayor of Doaktown.

• 39 NEW woodlands direct jobs (full-time equivalents including seasonal)


• 40 NEW jobs (full-time equivalents including seasonal)

$23 million investment in a new studwood production line, log debarker, mill in-feed, trimmer and log sorting equipment.

• 27 indirect woodlands jobs

DOAKTOWN DETAILS $15 million investment in building a new sawmill Construction will begin Spring 2015 • 78 direct construction jobs • 40 indirect construction jobs • 10% increase in lumber yield


• 28 indirect jobs

• Construction to start Fall 2014 • 16 NEW sawmill jobs • 96 direct construction jobs • 49 indirect construction jobs

CONTACT: Mary Keith J.D. Irving, Limited


Finnish Forest Association names new Executive Director Anders Portin has been elected the new Executive Director of the Finnish Forest Association. Mr. Portin will commence his duties on August 1, 2014. Mr. Juhani Karvonen, the current Executive Director, will retire on September 1, 2014. Currently Mr. Portin works for the forest consultancy

company Indufor, as a Senior Consultant for forest policy and forest certification. His previous positions include the Finnish Forest Industries Federation, where he worked as a Director for forest and environment as well as the Head of international forest issues at the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Portin has also served

on the board of the Finnish Forest Association 2006 – 2010 The Finnish Forest Association is a cooperation organization for the forest sector and related organizations in Finland. The association has 47 members, representing the broad spectrum of interests in forests

Anders Portin

BWF appoints new Technical Liaison Manager, Hannah Mansell The British Woodworking Federation (BWF) has appointed a new technical liaison manager to keep on top of its technical advisory service for joiners and woodworkers. Hannah Mansell joins the technical team following former technical officer Chris Addison’s retirement. Hannah will be responsible for providing both BWF members and non-members with up-to-date, accurate technical advice and responding to their

queries. With a wealth of experience of timber and joinery manufacture Hannah has worked for both large and small companies and has extensive knowledge of manufacturing, developing and testing of joinery products and providing engineering support and project management solutions. Hannah said, “Becoming a member of the BWF team is a fantastic opportunity as I’m already so familiar with what they do. I’m

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24 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

looking forward to dealing with all of the different queries and also contributing to the BWF’s many schemes and developing my own knowledge of the timber joinery industry as this is a fast moving sector for both regulation change and product development.” As part of the role, Hannah will support Kevin Underwood, BWF Technical Director, in maintaining and updating technical guidance and will carry out thermal performance calculations of

windows and doors for BWF members. She will also represent the BWF on various technical committees advising on material and product timber joinery specification. Iain McIlwee, BWF chief executive, said,“Hannah is a great addition to the team. Her previous skill, knowledge and experience of the joinery industry is a invaluable attribute for BWF members.



The RZ 1

Ainsworth exports 39 % more OSB to Japan

The Canadian OSB manufacturer Ainsworth U.S. housing starts calling for further recovery in expense, and fluctuations in non-cash Lumber raised its shipments to its main export 2014. I am also pleased to report that our export accounting gains and losses and income tax market, Japan, by 39 % in the 2013 financial markets exhibited strong growth, particularly in expense. year. It delivered 231.2m sqft (3/8” basis) or Japan.” Ainsworth President and CEO, Jim Lake said, approximately 205,000 m3 to Land of the Rising Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd. is a leading “Ainsworth benefited in 2013 from the continued Sun last year. This increase and price hikes sent manufacturer and marketer of oriented strand North American housing market recovery, Japanese revenues 46 % higher to CAD55.3m. board (“OSB”) with a focus on value-added although OSB prices did moderate in the second Deliveries to other overseas markets almost specialty products for markets in North America half of the year. Notwithstanding some neardoubled to 44.3m sqft or almost 40,000 m3. and Asia. Ainsworth’s four OSB manufacturing term challenges in 2014 including transportation mills, located in Alberta, British Columbia and Turnover from these markets stood at CAD9.6m. issues and extreme weather that have impacted Ontario, have a combined annual capacity of 2.5 Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd. announced its OSB shipments and demand, the overall outlook billion square feet (3/8-inch basis). financial results for the 4Q and year ended remains positive with the consensus forecast for December 31, 2013. Sales of $104.4 million in the 4Q 2013 were $13.5 million lower than sales of $117.9 million for the same period in 2012. The decrease in sales was mainly due to an 18% decrease in realized pricing. Adjusted EBITDA was $11.3 million in the 4Q 2013 compared to $42 million in the same period of 2012, largely as a result of lower realized pricing. Net loss from continuing operations in the 4Q 2013 was $10.6 million compared to net income of $6.7 million in the 4Q 2012. The $17.3 million decrease was due to the reduction in gross profit and increased selling motors. Another advantage is the nd saw filing room supplies,” expense, partially offset by and administration nearly complete compensation ork stated. “Oleson bandsaws a reduction in finance expense, and fluctuations motors. Another of advantage is the and saw filing room supplies,” the driving forces to minimise re manufactured instated. our accounting in York non-cash gains and losses and nearly completethe compensation of “Oleson bandsaws The possibility of moving the saw arbors in their outer end motors. Another advantage is the room supplies,” bearing load. the ennsylvania, USA facility.” income tax our driving forces to minimise the are manufactured position clears the whole working space and arbors allowsnearly easy The possibility of moving the saw in their outer end complete compensation of Oleson bandsaws “The high drive power makes it bearing load. Pennsylvania, facility.” Sales of $488USA million in 2013 were $78.9 trouble-shooting if necessary – Linck the driving forces to minimise the ured in our double arbor position clears the whole working space and allows easy possible to split multiple products he prototype Thesales possibility moving “The high drive power makes it million higher than of $409.1of million in the saw arbors in their outer end bearing load.and to process large cross USA facility.” ircular saw from German trouble-shooting if necessary – Linck possible to split multiple products The prototype double arbor 2012. This increase was mainly due the to a 22% position clears whole working space and allows easy “The high drive power it speeds,” sections withmakes high manufacturer Linck, the model and feed to process large cross circular from German increase insaw realized pricing fortrouble-shooting the year. if necessary – Linck possible to split multiple products double the manufacturer said. “The MKS, hasarbor a fixed saw sleeve and sections with high feed speeds,” manufacturer Linck, the model Adjusted EBITDA for theguides. year was $148.9 anduse to process large cross om presented German at machine is therefore suitable forsaid. “The was thehas Ligna tradesaw high cutting speed allows the the manufacturer MKS, a fixed sleeve and The saw arbors can million in 2013 totherefore $105.5 million Linck, model sections withsaw highlines feed speeds,” how inthe 2013. With its large compared forsaw arbors can of saw blades with saw allows the existing split suitable for was presented at the Ligna trade be positioned guides. The high smaller cutting speed the use where machine is therefore in 2012, largely as a result of higher saw realized the manufacturer said. “The capacity.” ed saw sleeve and lamping length of 560 mm, the different blade diameters. kerfs. saw is reducing saw lines where the existing split show in 2013. With its large therefore be positioned for of saw blades with smaller saw income from operations d at the Ligna trade Net guides. Thecontinuing saw arbors can high speed use bearings machine suitable for machine canpricing. process four-sided of moving thecutting Theallows use of the counter for is therefore The single components of the saw is reducing capacity.” clamping length of 560 mm,“The the possibility different saw blade diameters. kerfs. Catech, Exeltec Edgar are trademarks saw lines where the existing split Withof itsup large therefore becompared positioned of saw blades with smaller saw and was $39.4 million in 2013 tofor machine bysingle Linck are of ants to 600 mm total width. saw arbors in$28.4 their outer end the saw machine can process four-sided “The possibility of moving the arbors with Thehigher use ofspeeds counter bearings for produced The components of the ofreduces Söderhamn Eriksson. saw is reducing capacity.” th 560 mm, theofin350 different sawposition blade diameters. kerfs. high quality and precise design toby Linck are of heof cutting height mm clears the whole working the bearing load to a million 2012, representing an increase of $11 cants of up to 600 mm total width. saw arbors in their outer end the saw arbors with higher speeds machine produced process four-sided “Theincluded possibility of moving the The use of counter bearings for The single ensure components of thelumber surface llows the processing of large allows easy troublesaw arbor units million. The increase increase in The cutting height of 350 space mman and position clears the whole minimum working and the reduces the bearing load to a “excellent high quality and precise design to 600 mm total width. saw arbors inshooting their outer end thesaid. saw arbors higher machine produced by Linck are of dimension ross sections. if expense, necessary,” Linck arewith suitable forspeeds robust and quality gross profit a decrease in finance ensure “excellent lumber surface allows theand processing of large space and allows easy troubleminimum and the saw arbor unitsand exceptional ight 350arbors mm canoffset clearscosts the working reduces the bearing load to a high quality and preciseThis design to Theofsaw be position Thewhole saw arbor bearingif is a continuous The counter accuracy”. accuracy also partially by increased of curtailed quality andisexceptional dimension cross sections. shooting necessary,” Linck said. operation. are suitable for robust and ensure “excellent lumber surface cessing ofin large space and allows easy troubleminimum andbearings the saw are arbor units achieved by the optional use ositioned height completely new design for speeds hydraulically pulled The sawincreased arbors can be and administration The saw arbor bearing is a of the art continuous operation. The counter accuracy”. Thisofaccuracy is also operations, selling · State high performance edger optimizers quality and exceptional dimension . shooting if necessary,” Linckrpm. said. are suitable for robust and plates being installed at optional the ndependently from each other of up to 3,900 This high the saw arbors and moved positioned in height completely new design foroffspeeds bearings are hydraulicallyguide pulled achieved by the use of · Transverse inlineThe two sidedThis profile scanning bors be The saw arbor bearing is a continuous operation. Theaor counter accuracy”. accuracy is alsoside, depending singcan servo-hydraulics with linear speed in combination with the upwards on carriage. saw in and/or outfeed independently from each other of up to 3,900 rpm. This high off the saw arbors and moved guide plates being installed at the height completely new design for speeds bearings are hydraulically pulled achieved the optional use of arbors easily be as accessed for byThe onsaw the application. Grade scanning option in and/or outfeed side, depending using servo-hydraulics with linear speed in combination·with the can upwards on a carriage. y from each other of up to 3,900 rpm. This high off the saw arbors and moved guide plates being installed at the device is a comfortable, safe and fast toolbe A saw bladeon spraying the application. arbors can easily accessed for · Unmanned operation as option in and/or outfeed side,for depending ydraulics with linear speed in combination with the upwards on achange. carriage. The saw available processing resinous Partly mechanised and a comfortable, safe and fast tool A saw blade spraying device is · Heavy designed with or without air/water cooled on the application. arbors can easily accessed for edgers, wood such as larch, protecting the saws fully be automatic systems are change. Partly mechanised and available for processing resinous a comfortable, safe and tool Aand saw blade spraying device isresin. available forfast changing the tools. saw blades against · Setups with 2, 3, 4, 2+1 2+2 saws fully automatic systems are wood such as larch, protecting the change. Partly mechanised anddrive power available for processing resinous are the advantages The maximum is saw blades against resin. available for changing theAdditional tools. fully automatic systems are three-phase wood such asincreased larch, protecting the 1,000 kW. Two life time of the saw Additional advantages are the The maximum drive power is saw blades against resin. available for changing the tools. blades as well as reduced power asynchronous motors drive each 1,000 kW. Two three-phase increased life time of the saw Additional advantages are the The maximum isare installed consumption. saw drive arbor,power which and drive blades as well as reduced power asynchronous motors each 1,000 kW. Twooffset three-phase increased life time of the sawarbor circular saw by aboutsaw 180°arbor, to allow theare installed “The which anddoubleconsumption. as reduced power asynchronoususe motors drive eachstandardblades as well MKS has successfully of marketable double arbor circular saw offset by about 180° to allow the already “The saw arbor, which are installed and consumption. MKS has already successfully use of marketable standard “The double arbor circular saw by about 180° to allow the 6 International Forest Industries | FEBRUARY 2014/MARCH 2014 MKS has already successfully use of marketable standard

Peak performance edger optimizers

26 International Forest Industries | FEBRUARY 2014/MARCH 2014

— a member of the Cellwood Group —

Forest Industries | FEBRUARY 2014/MARCH 2014

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 25


Billion dollar Japanese investment in Carter Holt Harvey One of the largest single Japanese investments in the New Zealand economy is occurring with the sale of Carter Holt Harvey’s pulp and paper and packaging businesses for NZ$1.037 billion. Tokyo Stock Exchange-listed packaging giant Oji Holdings Corp will take a 60 percent share of CHH’s PPP assets, comprising some of New Zealand’s largest industrial energy and forest products users, the Tasman and Kinleith pulp and paper mills, and a large Australasian packaging enterprise. Oji already owns the Pan Pac pulp and paper mill, near Napier. Innovation Network Corp of Japan, a government-backed innovation agency that attracts private sector investment to “promote innovation and enhance the value of businesses

in Japan”, makes up the remaining 40 percent joint venture vehicle that will make the investment. The deal is subject to regulatory approvals and is expected to complete in the second half of this year. CHH is 100 percent-owned by New Zealand’s only billionaire, Graeme Hart, owner of the world’s largest packaging business, US-based Reynolds Group, which is under pressure to reduce its outstanding US$18 billion issuing’s of junk-rated corporate bonds. Hart had previously tried to sell the CHH PPP businesses in 2012 and was forced to refinance $1.45 billion in debt when no buyer emerged at the time.

Export log market update NZ log exports Export volumes in February were a February record, with 1.4 million m3 exported. Volumes were up on February last year by 16%. Logs exported to China were up by 21% year-on-year for February. Exports to Korea were steady at 150,000m3 and exports to India rose to 133,000m3. Exports from Canterbury are still increasing, due to the wind throw from last year’s storms being exported. Exports from Lyttleton and Timaru during the past six months are up by 72% on the six months previous. This is an increase of 284,000t compared to the same period the year previous, more than double. There’s been just under 560,000m3, an unknown proportion of which is the wind throw, exported from Canterbury since the storm, and there were estimates of up to 1 million m3 on the ground after the storm, but the real figure could be a lot higher.

Some of this will have been absorbed by the domestic market, but there will still be a lot to be exported in the next six months if it is to reach the market before it is too deteriorated. To put this in perspective to the rest of NZ’s exports though, there were 500,000m3 of logs exported from Tauranga during February alone.

China The volume of softwood logs imported by China during February, as expected, was the highest ever for the month of February. There was just less than 900,000m3 more imported than in February last year, a 63% increase, which has led to rising inventories. From the Pacific North West, Russia and NZ there was a 50% increase in supply of logs year-on-year, and from elsewhere there was a 218% increase. Lumber volumes imported by China are well down, to the lowest volume imported since February 2010. China’s newly built house price index

CHH’s building supplies business remains for sale after taking combined charges in 2011 and 2012 of $393.8 million in impairments on its underperforming timber and plywood businesses and falling into negative equity. The Oji/INCJ purchase will concentrate ownership in the sector because of Oji’s interest in Pan Pac. The only major players left in the sector will be the Scandinavian companies Norske Skog, which makes pulp and paper on the Kawerau site where CHH’s Tasman kraft pulp and paper mill also operates, and SCA, which makes tissue papers, also on the Tasman site.

dropped to 8.7% year-on-year in February from a record high of 9.9% in December. China’s annual GDP growth has slid back to 7.4% but it is a very controlled move, and it hasn’t affected business confidence, which increased to its highest point since the third quarter of 2011.

Pacific North West US log exports to China have been steady through the start of the year, but there was a decline in volume exported from Canada. There has also been a decline in Canada’s lumber exports to China, but there has been steady volumes exported to the US. Cold weather and a lack of access to rail has meant that inventories have been growing at Canadian mills. This has meant price decreases in order to shift lumber. Canadian western mills SPF lumber has dropped 10% since February and there has been more volume transported to the US by road, rather than exported as there is less rail capacity to take lumber to the ports.

Weyerhaeuser announces changes to its Timberlands leadership team Weyerhaeuser Company (NYSE: WY) has announced a number of changes to its Timberlands leadership team. All changes are effective immediately. • Rich Wininger has been named vice president, Business Support, Development and Real Estate.

26 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

• Matt Williams has been named vice president, Western Timberlands, succeeding Rich Wininger. • Brad Kitselman has been named vice president, Timberlands Sales and Marketing. “Rich, Matt and Brad each bring tremendous

experience, skill and leadership to their new roles,” says Rhonda Hunter, senior vice president, Timberlands. “I look forward to the significant contributions they will continue to make to drive results for our Timberlands business.”


UPM has released a new iPad analysis tool for investors and analysts UPM has released a new iPad analysis tool for investors and analysts. The application provides easy access to UPM’s key financial figures, share prices, press releases, presentations and reports in a compact and easy-to-use format. It also provides links to the organisation’s investor webcasts, social media channels and the UPM Viewpoint blog.

“The new application is a convenient way to follow UPM’s financial development and key figures. It’s simple and intuitive, contains the latest information and is easy to use. It helps investors and analysts to work more efficiently,” says Mika Mikkola, Vice President of Investor Relations at UPM.

The application is called UPM IR APP and it’s available for download on the Apple App Store or by using the link. It’s free of charge. For further information, please contact Mika Mikkola, Vice President, Investor Relations, UPM, tel. +358 2041 50376

...and is proceeding as planned with its EUR 160m investment UPM is proceeding as planned with its EUR 160 million investment to increase pulp production at the Kymi mill in Kouvola, Finland. The company has signed agreements within the KYMI-700 project concerning the planning, new debarking plant and pulp drying machine as well as modernisation of the softwood fibre line. The parties have agreed not to disclose Norwood ad feb_mar2014_Layout 1

the value or further details of the agreements. The KYMI-700 project consists of a new debarking plant, a new pulp drying machine and modernisation of the softwood fibre line. The project will be completed in the final quarter of 2015. The planning of the KYMI-700 project has been commissioned from the local engineering office 25/02/2014 13:38 Page 1

CTS Engtec Oy. Raumaster from the Finnish city of Rauma will supply the new debarking plant. The complementary pulp drying machine and modernisation of the fibre line will be supplied by the Austrian company Andritz. Supply of the rest of the equipment and systems will proceed according to the plan.

With this investment UPM Kymi mill’s annual pulp production capacity will increase by 170,000 tonnes up to 700,000 tonnes of bleached northern softwood and birch pulp. The investment forms a significant part of UPM’s target to reach a 10% increase in its 3.3 million tonne pulp capacity over the next three years.

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 27


Family business boosts production with Wood-Mizer WM4000

A US sawmill business has installed a line of WoodMizer industrial equipment to increase efficiency, yield and profits


n less than three months after taking ownership of the family sawmill business, third generation owner Mike Junk and brother-in-law Shawn Fowler made the changes necessary to compete and thrive in the lumber industry. By installing a Wood-Mizer WM4000 thin-kerf industrial headrig to replace their old circular sawmill, Mike and Shawn positioned Honey Grove Hardwoods, on the cutting edge of technology to increase efficiency, yield and profits for their business.

Honey Grove Hardwoods Honey Grove Hardwoods began as JM Junk Lumber Company and Sawmill by Junk’s grandfather in 1941. The family business was continued for several decades by his father before he and Fowler created a partnership and changed the company name to Honey Grove Hardwoods in July, 2013. Cutting hardwoods to produce grade lumber for moulding, caskets, veneer, stair treads, flooring, ties and pallet cants, the US-based company used a circular sawmill as the centre of their operation for more than 70 years. By using old technology and inefficient production methods, Honey Grove Hardwoods was struggling to keep up with 28 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

competitive timber prices and increasing industry demand.

Circular sawmill operation With more than two decades in the lumber business, Junk recently noticed a drastic change in the competitive industry. “For many years, the lumber business has been based solely on production,” he said. “This is no longer the case. The industry is changing from how much you produce to how much profit you can make.” To keep up with the evolving lumber industry, Junk and Fowler came to the conclusion that their circular saw with conventional wide-kerf blades had reached the end of the line. “We realised we were running outdated equipment when we weren’t getting the footage and grade yields that we thought we could get with thin-kerf technology,” Fowler said.

Fitted with a circular headrig and a log carriage, Honey Grove Hardwoods’ operation was not only losing yield, but their production set up was inefficient, forcing the sawyer to do multiple jobs at once. “A vertical edger was positioned in front of the sawyer booth on our circular headrig, which meant the sawyer was also the one doing the edging,” Fowler said. He explained that this process helped with saving costs on labour, but since the sawyer was rushed to saw as well as edge the lumber, it sacrificed quality and production. From outdated equipment to inefficiencies, Junk and Fowler decided to take a closer look at upgrading their entire operation.

Thin-kerf technology Thin-kerf technology is a forward thinking approach to an industry that tends to think bigger is better.

We felt the WM4000 was a very cost effective way to update our whole operation to thin-kerf without the huge investment that a large band mill would cost to purchase and maintain – Mike Junk, Honey Grove Hardwoods


Not only do thin-kerf blades produce up to 30% more product from logs, but businesses that have adopted thin-kerf technology have reported lower costs for labour, blades and blade maintenance, electric bills, and transportation when compared to circular or wide-kerf blade sawmills. Reducing waste and increasing yield is exactly what Junk and Fowler wanted to accomplish in improving their business. Looking to learn more about thin-kerf technology, they travelled to Wood-Mizer headquarters in the US where they witnessed the WM4000 industrial headrig in action.

“After seeing the WM4000, we realised the potential production and yield increase advantage over

product and use less energy to saw, Junk and Fowler decided to move forward with their operation

The industry is changing from how much you produce to how much profit you can make – Honey Grove Hardwoods, Shawn Fowler

the circular mill we were currently using,” Junk said. Seeing proof that a narrow band, thin-kerf blade sawmill could produce less waste, more

and add a WM4000 headrig to their production line. “We felt the WM4000 was a very cost effective way to update our whole operation to thin-kerf

without the huge investment that a large band mill would cost to purchase and maintain,” Fowler said. Shortly after this decision, they welcomed a few WoodMizer industrial specialists to their location to help put into perspective how they could update their operation and incorporate Wood-Mizer technology and equipment into their current business model. After receiving recommendations, Honey Grove Hardwoods installed a complete Wood-Mizer system: • WM4000 (Thin-kerf headrig) Primary processing unit to initially break down logs

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 29

SAWLINES - WOOD-MIZER WM4000 specifications Power

30 hp (22kW) electric


Length: 4.98 m (196 in) Width: 38-44 mm (1.5-1.75 in)

Blade wheels

Diameter: 635 mm (25 in) Type belted cast steel (optional)

Cutting Capacity

Length (with board removal): 6.17 m (20 ft 3 in) Diameter: 1 m (40 in) Maximum width of cut (guide-to-guide): 860 mm (34 in) Maximum cant width (outer guide-to-stop block): 790 mm (31 in) Throat height (blade-to-head): 330 mm (13 in)


PLC setworks Servo motor head up/down Roller & double block blade guides Laser sight

Thin-kerf processing requires fewer logs to produce the same end product, saving costs all down the line – High-tech computer automation controls gives the operator several options to open and break down a log, allowing for grade cutting, patterns or multisized cants and ties – Servo motors in the head increase up/down speed and positioning precision – Blade guides incorporate integrated blade lubrication ports, flanged heat-treated rollers with high speed bearings and double block guides for

optimal blade performance –S  tandard offloading conveyor –P  antograph system keeps all cables away from sawdust and debris, resulting in a troublefree operation. • Log  deck (stage and load logs) Eases the process of loading logs onto the sawmill –C  ontrolled from the operator’s stand with hydraulically driven heavy-duty chains –9  .1 m (30 ft) maximum log length capacity

Hydraulic clamp, taper rollers, bi-directional chain turners, side supports.

– Equipped with a stop and loader to ensure that a single log is loaded at one time – Available in 3.7 m (12 ft) and 6 m (20 ft) standard lengths. • Three-way conveyor (material conveyor) Transfers lumber in three directions, left, right, or straight, for smooth material flow – Heavy-duty pneumatic cylinders lift 6 m (20 ft) long cants up to 1.6 t (3,500 lb). An optional third cylinder increases the lift

capacity to 2.7 t (6,000 lb) –H  andles material from 1.8 m (6 ft) to 6 m (20 ft), with longer lengths possible –2  00 mm (8 in) adjustable legs for easy material flow system integration –M  ultiple units can be added to expand directional options. •G  reen chain (lumber delivery system ) Lines up sawn lumber and moves it to its destination at a controlled rate –C  hannelled with a roof top chain, boards can be side loaded from a three-way or roll case conveyor –D  eck height of 840 mm (33 in) – Three-strand modular design with an optional fourth strand –C  an be extended to 18 m (60 ft) by using 3 m (10 ft) extensions. • EG400 (Industrial Edger) Secondary processing unit that keeps boards moving towards finished lumber

The Log deck helps ease the process of loading logs onto the WM4000 – Fowler Junk and Fowler, the new owners of Honey Grove Hardwoods in Pennsylvania 30 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014


Fowler operates the new WM4000 from the climate controlled cabin

The EG400 industrial edger handles material up to 100 mm high – Rugged board edger capable of edging 900 mm (36 in) wide and 100 mm (4 in) high material – Powerful enough for hardwoods, the 22 kW (30 hp) Electric 460 V/60 Hz 3 Ph 100 Amp is also energy efficient to keep utility costs low – Two standard lasers determine

correct board position, increasing yield and grade – v ariable speed is set by the thickness of the piece being edged – Two 400 mm (16 in) inserted carbide teeth blades mounted on splined shaft.

Thin-kerf technology with the WM4000 has been working extremely well, even in very cold weather and dealing with frozen logs during the winter months – Junk

Transitioning to Thin-Kerf The transition from a circular sawmill operation to thin-kerf was a three week process where Honey Grove Hardwoods basically tore out all of their existing equipment from the debarker through to the wood chipper. After pouring concrete and adding the proper electrical connections, Honey Grove Hardwoods was back in business and ready to start sawing again. Since installing Wood-Mizer equipment in their operation, Honey Grove Hardwoods has been satisfied with their investment. “Thin-kerf technology with the WM4000 has been working extremely well, even in very cold weather and dealing with frozen

logs during the winter months,” Junk said. “The WM4000 has allowed us to focus on every aspect of the mill from logs to lumber without having to purchase as much raw material in this competitive market.” After the installation of their new Wood-Mizer equipment, Fowler describes the everyday operations of turning logs into lumber. “The Log deck helps ease the process of loading logs onto the WM4000,” he said. “From there, logs are cut on the headrig and then moved from the sawmill’s built-in conveyor to the three-way conveyor. Material is transferred from the conveyor to the green chain and then to the EG400 edger for a very smooth transition from logs to accurate lumber.” With this system, the sawyer no longer has to be the edger, which improves efficiency and quality of materials. Junk and Fowler admitted to working through a learning curve with the new equipment. “We were used to operating with a log carriage instead of the log placed directly on the bed of the headrig, so we had to learn how to use the controls and setworks of the WM4000,” Fowler said. “We also had to learn the correct adjustments and mill alignments in order to keep the band finely tuned in order to produce accurate lumber. I’d like to give Wood-Mizer a special thanks for their customer support and helping to educate us on these issues.” Although Honey Grove Hardwoods basically produces the same products as with the old circular sawmill, Junk said that they have re-evaluated what is cut out of each log with the huge savings coming from thin-kerf blades. “The larger kerf of the circle mill was causing us to purchase so much more raw material,” he said. “We were just turning more dollars and sawing logs faster, but not getting the yield returns we wanted on the lumber. Although our system looked productive, it wasn’t profitable.” Compared to their old circular sawmill operation, he said their yield has improved greatly with Wood-Mizer equipment. “The yield factor is amazing with thin-kerf

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 31

SAWLINES - WOOD-MIZER producing only one-third the waste of our circle sawmill, plus you can slab smaller and lighter which increases usable lumber.” Being able to produce more product from fewer logs also cuts down on transportation costs and increases the profit per log. “We are getting the same amount of lumber while using 25% less timber and raw materials, which in

turn, reduces transportation costs across the board,” Junk continued. He also noted that the WM4000’s ability to saw the log and return the lumber right off the dragback was a great feature and helped speed up their production. Honey Grove Hardwoods is also saving on blade maintenance. Thin-kerf blades are less costly to maintain and easy to replace if

The WM4000 is Wood-Mizer’s latest thin-kerf industrial sawmill that shoots to achieve higher productivity and automation

Thin-kerf processing allows operators to get more out of their logs

they are damaged. “The nice thing about thin-kerf blades is that you can change a blade and be sawing again in two minutes,” Fowler said. Minimising downtime and repair costs has helped Honey Grove Hardwoods stay productive without having to wait on blade repairs or replacements. When it comes to advice, Junk encouraged others to talk to those who have transitioned from a circular to thin-kerf sawmill. “Do your research and visit someone

to talk about their experience of making a change,” he said. By visiting Wood-Mizer and taking advantage of thin-kerf technology, Junk and Fowler have positioned Honey Grove Hardwoods for success in the lumber industry for generations to come. “The WM4000 put us right back up to the competitive edge on utilizing and maximizing yields for our business,” Junk said.

An illustration of the difference kerf makes when cutting a log – narrowband, thin-kerf blades (L) and a traditional circle blade (R). 32 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

USNR SAWLINES - Scanning & Optimisation

USNR updates product upgrades

The log is scanned by 4 Smart TriCam sensors as it travels through the turners. The PGLR provides continuous feedback about the orientation of the log to correct rotation and achieve the target turn angle.

Log rotation, correction

Major US-based sawmill supplier USNR provides International Forest Industries with an update on its recent developments in the scanning and optimisation fields


SNR has arguably more technology tools in its kit for the global wood processing industry than any other supplier. In the past five years alone the group has launched a host of new advancements to assist sawyers in overcoming their specific challenges and improving their positions in the market. “As a master integrator offering mechanical, optimisation and controls designs, we have hundreds of processing lines operating with some of the most revolutionary configurations in existence,” the company stated.

PGLR: The ultimate turn on every log Griffin Lumber in Georgia, USA, had two older carriage lines that management wanted to replace with an optimised sharp chain configuration. Jesse Griffin, owner, explained his reasoning. “We had gotten to a point where we had done about all we could do in the mill, from a production and quality standpoint,” he said. “We knew if we wanted to take the next step forward we were going to have to do something big – there weren’t any small fixes.”

The company sourced a used USNR double-length infeed line and a used quad bandmill with reducer heads. USNR supplied the optimisation components comprising log rotation, Precision Geometric Log Rotation (PGLR), log optimisation and System Quality Inspection (SQI), with Smart TriCam sensors for scanning.

Optimising the line Griffin said they chose USNR because, “We know USNR can optimize a log better than anyone out there.” USNR’s MillExpert system uses proprietary Surface Feature Recognition automated log

classification. With a vast number of installations, it consistently and reliably ensures control over the breakdown process, yielding the highest value solutions based on characteristics such as knots, taper, flare, kink and sweep. Griffin related that with the carriages they had prior the log rotation had been essentially a manual process and he knew an optimised log turning system would do a better job for recovery. “When you are talking about measurements in degrees, I don’t think any machine without auto correction (PGLR) can get that log turned right,” he said.

Once turned, log travels through two more scan zones and the scanned image is sent to the MillExpert canter optimiser to generate the best value solution APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 33

USNR SAWLINES - Scanning & Optimisation Log rotation, correction The PGLR scanning system is located at the log turner machine section. The PGLR system monitors and corrects the log rotation process in real time to increase recovery by reducing log rotation error. Four SmartTriCam 3D sensors scan the log as it is being rotated. The actual log rotation path is compared with the autorotation optimiser’s projected log rotation path, to generate log rotation corrections. These log rotation corrections are transmitted to the PLC to correct the log rotations path on-the-fly as it continues through the log turner. Log rotation error is typically reduced by 50% or more. PGLR can be installed with a new MillExpert optimised primary breakdown system, or as an addition to an existing system. The PGLR software is straightforward with a host of diagnostic tools to help tune the mechanical as well as the PLC control systems. Graphs and on-screen indicators permit early detection of problems and overall performance at a glance. Reports

are generated to isolate issues relating to a particular class of log and to track longer term trends. PGLR can compensate for log turning errors due to: • Mechanical wear • Feed speed changes during the turn • Irregularly shaped and crooked logs • Transfers from one conveyor to next • Interaction with pressrolls • Slippage and hesitations. The final performance test numbers tell the story. “We ran 20 logs, and 19 out of 20 were off 3.19° and 18 out of 20 were off 2.84°,” Griffin said. “We also only lost 0.375% of the volume from the initial scan to the final solution scanner. I don’t think anyone can argue against those kinds of numbers. “It has exceeded my expectations,” Griffin continued. “It is a real testament to the whole system when you can scan a log, rotate it, impale it on the sharp chain, send it through the chip

heads and saws, and the log only moves 3°. “That is virtually not moving, and it really shocked me when the results started coming in. We’ve seen enormous uplift in productivity and yield. We are very satisfied.”

SAWMILL BIOVISION MAKES THE GRADE Demands for increased recovery, faster throughput, lower unit production costs and higher grade yields require more than geometrybased optimisation. USNR’s BioVision automated grading system for the green mill takes sawyers to the “next level” for recovering value from the process. “With BioVision you can edge

We’ve seen enormous uplift in productivity and yield. We are very satisfied – Jesse Griffin, Griffin Lumber

The turn detector compares images of the log before and after the turner to measure the actual turn error on every log

34 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

and trim for grade and value, you get significantly improved grade and recovery performance, capturing more value in the sawmill before the piece is further processed,” USNR stated. “Designed for transverse edgers and trimmers, BioVision makes value decisions driven by the accurate detection of biological and geometric defects using a combination of laser profile and visual defect scanning, combined with state-of-the-art optimisation.” BioVision’s modular design allows the sawyer to implement this capability easily with a bolt-on upgrade to the existing transverse scanner. Alternatively, installing the fully configured system right from the start can deliver the added benefits of value-based solutions.

USNR SAWLINES - Scanning & Optimisation Edger grade extraction provides value through re-manufacture or rip, based on the ultimate grade of the wood. For example a #3 appearance due to knots can be edged to #3 wane with confidence, which maximises recovery. Likewise, a low grade 2x8 may be worth more as two 2x4s, one of them being high grade. Trimmer grade extraction facilitates cut-in-two allowing a short, high grade piece without trimloss. ‘Candidate’ trim stock meeting specified characteristics for wane and knots can be targeted and sorted/routed differently for further unique action downstream. For example, by sorting for grade at the trimmer, more appropriate drying cycles can be selected for high or low grade products. The system utilises one of USNR’s latest vision sensors. Users can opt for BioLuma2900LVG or BioLuma2900LV for new scan frame installations, or BioLuma2900V for a bolt-on upgrade option. The BioLuma sensors use high resolution digital colour cameras and LED lighting to provide accurate imaging and increased reliability. The software incorporates algorithms from the proven Lineal High Grader (LHG) automated grading system, used for recognition and classification of visual grade defects in the dry mill.

Defects detected and classified include: • Thickness, width, length • Skip • Shake • Wane, end contour • Knot size, quality

BioVision allows us to maximise both volume and value – John Grigsby, HG Toler Lumber

• Pitch pockets • Warp (crook, bow) • Splits • Stain.

HG Toler Lumber’s BioVision improves value USNR’s first production BioVision system was installed at HG Toler & Son Lumber in Arkansas, US. The mill was equipped with an optimised edger line that had been installed in 1993 and required updating to stave off obsolescence. The Toler team had been eyeing developments in sawmill visual grading technology. Confidence in USNR and satisfaction in the MillExpert optimisation suite swung the decision to the BioVision solution. John Grigsby, Mill Manager, was more than pleased with the results from implementing this technology at the Leola mill. “We’re noticing an uplift in the amount of C and D (grade) lumber,” he said. “It really excels when we cut wides, we can cut 70-80% C and D. That’s a real good judge

because we cut for grade only (cut to order), so the BioVision has to sort out what is grade and what isn’t, and when to make wides. “In terms of knot size classification, it’s doing real well. It allows us to cut for specific lengths and specific grades, of specific widths. It can pinpoint exactly what we want to produce. Now we’re more on-grade. BioVision allows us to maximise both volume and value.”

Evergreen Forest’s BioVision grades for shop and moulding Producers of shop and moulding products have new tools to choose from with the onset of BioVision sawmill grading targeted to these specialised products. Focus was recently brought to this market through cooperation between USNR and Tamarack Mill, Evergreen Forest sawmill of New Meadows, Idaho. “We were looking to rip to produce Moulding, #1, #2 and #3 shop,” Evergreen President Rodney

Krogh said. He explained that the mill’s existing edging operation was a manual system, looking at each flitch with the human eye to try to pull the grade out. “If we were going to continue to be a major factor in the pine market we needed to find a way to maximise recovery and value out of our pine logs.” He explained that grading for shop products is a lot different from grading for dimension lumber. With Shop products the system is looking for all the clear spacing between the knots, with no consideration for the sizing of the knots. Bob Arnold, USNR Sawmill Grade Scanning Product Manager, weighed in on what was required of the BioVision software. “The BioVision optimiser not only fits the appropriate cuttings into the clear/permissible areas of the flitch, but also requires an alignment of those cuttings in a manner that enables them to be recovered later at a secondary

This moulding board is limited in width because its scale would round up to nine, dropping the yield below 2/3; the longer moulding rip is constrained by a knot on the top side. The bottom rail allows an initial crosscut so the door cuttings don’t have to line up across its opposite sides APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 35

USNR SAWLINES - Scanning & Optimisation manufacturing plant,” he said. Krogh is very pleased with the results he is seeing. “Our Moulding is up probably 8%, our #1 shop is up 4% and we are starting to get a higher percentage of #2 over #3 shop because the BioVision system is able to distinguish a #2 from a #3 and rip/edge for that.” “It will allow us to enter new markets. The BioVision scanner has also had a positive effect on our bigger doug/larch and white fir logs. The scanner can detect the larger knot sizes and rip the boards into wider products, allowing for the smaller knotted material in the narrow widths. We have seen the difference in the planer with our percentage of #3 dropping from the lack of bigger knots that had previously been down-grading our dimension.”

opportunity for grade uplift. The BioVision system that was installed at the Kashima sawmill required a bolt-on retrofit to their existing Smart TriCam transverse scan frame using BioLuma 2900V sensors. Material processed ranges from 3-5 m long, 100-600 mm wide and 21-60 mm thick. Mr Ueda from Chugoku explained the BioVision investment strategy. “One major reason

was to increase productivity in post-processes (secondary manufacturing). We are using the BioVision system in two ways. One way is to reduce knots in our products for laminar materials. Providing less knotty material to the laminar mill offers better yield. “The second way is to provide a cut solution based on the position of the knots. We try to make green timbers from the flitches with more

knots, and try to make kiln-dried products from flitches with fewer knots. Our kiln-dried products require more costly secondary processing, so cutting around the knots while the material is green reduces the amount of postprocessing required, improving yield and reducing processing costs.”

Chugoku Lumber improves efficiency with BioVision Chugoku Lumber’s mill at Kashima, Japan, recently set its sights on improving its efficiency by adding USNR’s BioVision grade scanning capability to one of its 5 m product edger lines. Chugoku saw that there was significant

At Chugoku, the scan frame was retrofitted to mount BioLuma 2900V vision sensors, top and bottom. The vision data captured by the BioLuma sensors is combined with laser profile data from the existing Smart TriCam sensors, to establish the optimum edge solutions.

The interface screen shows a BioVision edge solution for a flitch that is destined to be manufactured into a laminated board.

36 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

MICROTEC SAWLINES - Scanning & Optimisation

Industrial high-speed CAT-scanner for logs Like most great things, Microtec’s CATscanner began with an idea. Today, three CAT-scanners are up and running – one in the US, one in Chile, and one in France. Two more are currently being installed


or two years now, Microtec’s engineering team has gathered experience with the CAT-system, CT.LOG. Thanks to the recognition and digital reconstruction of the log’s internal structure, “the system boosts added value up to 20%”, according to Mr Giudiceandrea from Microtec. For example, if there are large knots in the log’s coat, the board falls out of the top quality production. In this case more wane can be approved, which increases the yield. In South America, the system has paid back in “less than one year”, Giudiceandrea said. And he was positively surprised by the detection rate of wood defects “not correlated to density”. Blueness, for example, is a characteristic distribution of water unveiled by the system.

Timber tracking Ideally, the CT.Log is installed at stem-working sawmills, right at the log yard. This configuration enables sawmillers to identify the optimal bucking solution. The internal structure of the logs is just as unique as a digital fingerprint. That’s why, with help of a simple X-ray system like TOMOLOG, the stems and sections can be accurately recognised and tracked.

Installations There are three installations upand-running around the globe: one in the USA; one in Chile at a long logyard; and one in France at the world’s biggest logyard. Two additional installations have been sold and are currently in the pipeline with delivery times scheduled later this year.

CT.LOG allows continuous, qualitative and full 3D stem and log reconstruction. For the first time, size and position of wood defects can be accurately described in all three dimensions. CT.LOG virtually evaluates appearance, quality and strength and assesses its impact on the final products even before the physical breakdown of timber. That means that, cut views are thouroughly optimized based on the highest quality and value. And the production is managed according real-time priorities. CT.LOG is now avalilable for hardwood and softwood. High-speed stem and log description can be achieved with cross sections up to 32 inches (800mm). The scanner is built in modules in order to specifically address customer requirements concerning resolution, cross-section, performance and application.

What’s new about CT.LOG? Go digital: Introducing fully digital log and stem description, including size and position of all relevant wood defects; Real-time virtual cutting and grading: The optimization software simulates variours breakdown situations and assesses for each cutting mask the resulting quality and value of the final products; Value optimization: Optimization based on quality and value is a leap forward compared to traditional yield optimization; Industrial engineering: Launching new contact-free technology such as data and energy transmission for durable scanning and optimization results; High performance computing: Introducing new 64 bit applications with parallel computing architecture for real-time grading, virtual cutting and value optimization. APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 37

MICROTEC SAWLINES - Scanning & Optimisation

New generation Goldeneye scanner Meanwhile, Microtec has continued to expand installations of its proven GoldenEye scanner. At the beginning of May last year at the Ligna trade fair in Germany, the company received considerable positive feedback for its latest generation of GoldenEye technology. Since then, interest in Microtec’s multi-sensory technology has continued to grow. The result some 21 global installations in less than a year across Europe, Scandinavia, the USA, South America, South Africa and New Zealand. GoldenEye has an extended and illustrious history. In fact, the first GoldenEye system was installed in 1992 for Holzwerk Pichler in South Tyrol. At the time, it was the first multi-sensory scanner for the dimensional measurement and the determination of the quality of boards. Microtec was able to combine various technologies such as infrared, laser and, for the first time, X-rays gaining a significant competitive advantage in implementing and controlling these technologies. For several years now, Microtec has been developing all critical sensors, such as the CMOS sensor. The vertical integration in the technology chain allows thorough control over the accuracy and the speed of measurement. With the new generation GoldenEye scanner, Microtec has the needs of the wood working industry comptehensively covered: for hardwood and softwood; green and dry lumber; short and long boards; thin boards and large panels; and up to a transport speed of 1,200 m/minute (4,000 ft/minute). The new generation of GoldenEye scanners were designed from the ‘ground up’ and some highlights include: • Full HD CROMETiC cameras with digital image processing directly on the chip • A brand new X-ray technology with integrated cooling system to minimise the maintenance and energy consumption • 64-bit applications and parallelcomputing for more stable and

real-time optimisations • A radical redesign and engineering in order to make the

38 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

system more reliable and robust • ‘Mobile connected’: a mobile gateway for iOS and Android to

access and control the Microtec systems from anywhere, either the office or the airport.


Resolute Forest Products Resolute Forest Products bought a new high speed sawline complete with board profiling for one of its mills in Northern Quebec, Canada. The sawline is basically two lines in one. The smaller logs are processed by a ‘one pass’ DDM system including a 3D scanner, a flying log turner, a 4-head curve sawing canter, top and bottom profilers and a vertical gang saws edger, all in the same module. The larger cants are processed

for a secondary breakdown system, which includes a second 3D scanner, left and right profilers, a circular twin saws for sideboards production and a second vertical gangsaw edger. The line is designed to process logs from 50-400 mm (2.5-16 in) in diameters and 2.1-2.4 m (7-8 ft) in length with no additional edger system. It produces any boards from 1x3 to 2x6 at speed up to 230 m/minute.

The new line at Resolute Forest Products in Quebec

Berneck Paineis e Serrados Berneck Paineis e Serrados purchased a complete greenfields sawmill its plant located in Curitibanos, Brazil. The mill is designed around a single main saw line to process 15 logs/minutes from 160-500 mm in diameters and 2.6-5.2 m in lengths. The line includes a first 3D log scanner, a flying log turner, an OLI-CS3 shifting and skewing log in-feed, chipper canter heads with pre-cut saws, a first twin vertical bandmill saw module and a second twin vertical bandmill saw module for the primary breakdown section. The secondary breakdown section includes a second 3D scanner for

cants optimisation and a TBL3 shifting and skewing cant in-feed coupled to a horizontal curve sawing gangsaw edger complete with conical chipping heads and profiling heads with finishing saws. The line can produce boards of 22-100 mm in thickness, 79-204 mm in width and from 2.1-5.2 m in lengths. The project includes a rotation confirmation scanner and vision scanning systems for heart wood detection, all logs handling equipment, edging, resaw and trimming equipment and optimisation and all PLC controls. The complete sawmill in Brazil is in the process of commissioning

Canfor Canfor purchased two sawlines for one of its mills in northern British Columbia, Canada. Both lines are designed to process logs at speed up to 180 m/minute from 100-425 mm (4-17 in) in diameters for the small log line and from 100-675 mm (4-27 in) for the large log one. Both lines process logs from 2.4-6.1 m (8-20 in) in lengths. Each line is running the same design, which includes a first 3D log scanner, a flying log turner, an OLI-CS3 shifting and skewing log in-feed, chipper canter heads and a quad circular saws module for the primary breakdown section. The secondary breakdown sections are made of a second 3D scanner for cants, a TBL3 shifting

and skewing cant in-feed and a horizontal curve sawing gangsaw edger complete with profiling chipping heads. The lines can produce any boards from 1x3 to 2x10 (2x6 maximum on the small log line). The project includes rotation confirmation scanners on both lines, optimisation for the edgers and a complete trimmersorter-stacker line for boards at the sawmill.

40 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

Canfor’s lines in British Columbia are up and running


L&M Lumber L&M Lumber based in Vanderhoof, British Columbia, Canada, bought a complete sawline for its larger logs. The line is designed to process 35 logs/minutes from 875-525 mm (3.5-21) in diameters and from 1.9-2.4 m (6-8 ft) in lengths. The primary breakdown section includes a first 3D log scanner, a flying log turner, an OLI-CS3 shifting and skewing log in-feed, chipper canter heads and a ‘special’ six circular saws module – there are three saws on each side and the top arbor is actually pivoting in order to balance the cut from top and bottom arbors. A top reducer head also complete the saw module. The secondary breakdown section is made of a second 3D

scanner for cants, a TBL3 shifting and skewing cant in-feed and a horizontal curve sawing gangsaws edger complete with profiling chipping heads. The project also includes a rotation confirmation scanner, vision scanning systems for cracks and blue stain detections and all PLC controls. The line is in production.

The L&M complete sawline

Babine Forest Products Babine Forest Products, also in Bristish Columbia, bought a greenfields sawmill to replace the one that burned in January 2012. The mill is designed around two lines: a new large logs main sawline and a used one for smaller logs. The new line is designed to process logs at speed up to 200 m/minute from 150-555 mm (6-22 in) in diameters and from 2.4-6 m (8-20 ft) in lengths. The primary breakdown section includes a first 3D log scanner, a flying log turner, an OLI-CS3 shifting and skewing log in-feed, chipper canter heads, profiling chipper heads and a quad circular saws module. The top arbor is actually pivoting in order to balance the cut from top and

bottom arbors. A top reducer head also completes the saw module. The secondary breakdown section is made of a second 3D scanner for cants, a TBL3 shifting and skewing cant in-feed and a horizontal curve sawing gangsaw edger complete with profiling chipping heads. The mill will produce any boards from 1x4 to 2x10. The project includes all logs handling equipment, new optimisation and controls for the used sawline, an edger complete with optimisation and controls, a rotation confirmation scanner, trimmer optimisation, vision scanning systems for cracks and blue stain detections on all scanners and all PLC controls for the complete mill.

The installation at the Babine mill

Canfor Canfor bought a DDM sawline for its Elko mill, once again in British Columbia. The line is designed to process 7.5-300 mm(3-12 in) in diameters and from 2.4-6 m (8-20 ft) in lengths at speed up to 200 m/minute. The logs are processed through a ‘one pass’ DDM system including a 3D scanner, a flying log turner, a first vertical canter, a

second horizontal canter, top and bottom profilers and a vertical gang saws edger. The line can produce any boards from 1x3 to 2x6. The project includes a rotation confirmation scanner and all PLC controls. A similar installation is set for JD Irving’s Maine sawmill in the USA by June.

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 41


SDA affirms solar/gas technology

SDA has also converted containers for heat treatment units

Heating costs are under attack from a range of innovative kilns down under


olar Dryers Australia (SDA), based in NSW, Australia, is a leading designer/ manufacturer of a range of unique Solar/Gas timber kilns. These kilns have gained wide acceptance in the past few years with 150 units sold in Australia and abroad. Sizes ranges from 10 m3 to 100 m3 and these kilns are characterised by heating costs of well under half that of any other type of kiln, according to the manufacturer, while the auxiliary heating system ensures that drying times are the same as any other kiln, regardless of climate. The smallest kilns in the range are the SG 10 and SG 20. ‘SG’ stands for solar/gas and ‘10’ or ‘20’ refers to nominal m3 capacity in 25 mm boards. These kilns are based on 6.1 m (20 ft) or 12.2 (40 ft) refrigerated shipping containers, which are ideal for the purpose as they are well insulated and sealed. All inside surfaces are either stainless steel or aluminium.

42 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

SDA has also converted containers for heat treatment units. ISPM 15 is an internationally required standard for any export packaging, and is aimed at killing insect larvae. The SDA unit automatically performs the heat process and produces a certificate that satisfies the AQIS requirements. Another conversion was a pine cone dryer for a seed orchard in Mt Gambier. The drying process opens the cones to release the seeds. A current project is for another dryer

for pine cones, but this time for pinus pinea cones. The seeds of this tree are the product known as ‘pine nuts’ used in cooking. Other dryers on the drawing board are for concrete products, coffee, and variety of fruits. Container kilns are loaded using a track and trolley system. The stainless steel trolley is rolled out onto a fixed track outside the kiln where it is loaded by forklift and then pushed into the kiln. The kilns are shipped to site with all the components packed inside

Once a kiln temperature is selected at the control box, the system automatically maintains this temperature using either solar or gas or a combination of both – Solar Dryers Australia


the container. Re-assembly takes around half-a-day before the kiln is ready for operation. No concrete footings are necessary – these kilns can be mounted on any reasonably level surface. The advantage of these smaller kilns is the ease of assembly (about 5 hours) and the ability to

move them to a different location at a later date if necessary. The heating system in these small kilns is identical to SDA’s larger kilns. An array of solar hot water panels is mounted on the roof of the kiln or on an adjacent building. Water is pumped in a closed circuit between the panels and the heat exchanger inside

The SG 20 assembled

the kiln. Heat is extracted from the water, which then returns to the panel array for re-heating. An instantaneous gas water heater in the circuit heats the water if no solar power is available. Once a kiln temperature is selected at the control box, the system automatically maintains this temperature using either solar or gas or a combination of both.

Large kilns Container kilns are loaded using a track and trolley system HALCO AD:Layout 3



Page 1

Optimise your production plan...

Whatever your mill... Maximize profit by resolving trade-offs between recovery, production rate, and value

NSW, runs 13 of the SDA 50 and 75 m3 kilns and the company is the largest solar timber drying operation in the world. For these multiple kiln sites, SDA offer a full automatic SCADA control system, which allows control from anywhere in the world. This BBC control system is fitted to four new 75 m3 kilns at Port Moresby and they were managed by SDA staff in Bellingen for the first six months via internet.

SDA’s larger kilns range from 30 m3 up to 100 m3 and are often built in multiple units. AST in Kempsey,

Optimise your operations


Software Systems

Vancouver, Canada • Tel: 1 604 731 9311 APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 43

The chippers that deliver Biomass professionals want for nothing these days thanks to a diverse marketplace of powerful, flexible and precise chipping machines


iomass consumption and production is today a well established driver subsidiary of forestry operations and a major independent business in its own right. Governments have maintained their renewable energy subsidy focus and the push for a greater input from non-polluting or renewable sources of fuel is unrelenting. This phenomena began in Scandinavia and has quickly flooded Europe and the then the US, through the developing world. China has also made green fuel a major focus of its most recent five-

44 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

year plan and so chip imports have touched new records. The growing use of chips as fuel has required suppliers to provide chippers that are not only powerful but are flexible – to meet the variety of chip uses no in play – and accurate – to meet the precise requirements of various green fuel combustion systems. Power plus flexibility plus accuracy is today the norm for the chipping or biomass professional and, as this year’s Chipper technology review shows, manufacturers are rising to the challenge.

Peterson continues to refine in-field chipping with its 4800F chain flail debarker and 5900E disc chipper combination. The popular pair can be found producing clean pulp and paper chips around the world. Recently, these machines have seen excellent success in eucalyptus plantations in South Africa. The machines have been set-up to run with low chain speeds to promote longer chain life and lower running costs, making clean pulp and paper chips with very low bark content. The pair’s compact and nimble

The Peterson 4800F and 5900E pairing on show in South Africa

size makes it easy to relocate with a skidder. The 4800F’s flails are specifically designed to match the capacity of the 5900E disc chipper and both machines are linked wirelessly to match feed speed and direction. The pair makes for a compact, nimble and very productive chipping system.

Peterson 4800F chain flail debarker Continuing Peterson’s long history of innovation, this sixth generation design has the features that clean chip operations demand. The Peterson 4800F multiple log

delimber/debarker is designed to be used in tandem with whole tree chippers to produce high quality pulp chips. Capable of processing multiple logs from 50-580 mm (2-23 in) in diameter, the 4800F increases productivity while reducing bark content, product handling time, and fibre loss. Powered by a 350 hp (261 kW) CAT C9 Tier III or Tier IV engine, the 4800F meets all US, Canadian, and EU emission regulations. The 4800F features upper and lower flails, direct drive lower in-feed and out-feed rolls, and a

floating direct drive upper feed roll. The bark pusher has been redesigned and is now 1.5 m (5 ft) wide. The machine also features a dedicated 511 litre hydraulic oil tank, and a 662 litre fuel tank to allow the 4800F to run an entire shift without refuelling. The 4800F is controlled by an IQAN operating system, which provides the operator the information to efficiently operate the unit. The IQAN system provides self-diagnostics for faulty sensors and open circuits, and can communicate complete engine and

system parameters. With a retractable gooseneck, the highway legal 4800F is easily moved between jobs and has a curb weight of 19,350 kg (42,660 lb). The four fixed landing gear (with floating pads) allow the 4800F’s operating height to be adjusted. The operator can operate the machine with a wireless remote which also can pair with the Peterson 5900E disc chipper.

Peterson 5900E disc chipper The Peterson model 5900E disc chipper is built to produce high quality paper chips when used with

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 45


The 4800F’s flails are specifically designed to match the capacity of the 5900E disc chipper and both machines are linked wirelessly to match feed speed and direction. The pair makes for a compact, nimble and very productive chipping system – Peterson

a Peterson 4800F debarker or fuel chips as a stand-alone fuel wood chipper. The same high quality chipping components have been used for many years in Peterson’s 5000H delimber/debarker/chipper. The 5900E has a large feed throat that is capable of accepting up to a 563 mm (23 in) diameter tree or multiple smaller diameter stems. The 5900E has a standard three knife disc, and is also available with an optional four knife disc. The standard three pocket disc can produce chips from 5/8 to 1 1/4 in (16-32 mm) in length, and the four pocket disc can produce chips from 1/2 to 1 in (1,325 mm) in length. Optional sheave diameters of 1,020 mm, 1,520 mm and 1,650 mm (40 in, 60 in and 65 in) are available if a slower feed speed is required to match the capacity of a flail delimber. Peterson’s heavy-duty 1,676 mm (66 in) diameter 121 mm (4.75 in) thick chipper disc has a replaceable 1/2 in (13 mm) thick

The 4800F and 5900E pair produce clean pulp and paper chips world wide wear plate. Chipping production rates from 55-90 t can be achieved depending on chip size. The 5900E is designed with a minimum of complication for reliable low cost long term operation. The chipper disc is directly driven from a high-

The 5900E is transported easily to the next site 46 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

capacity dry-disc clutch and belts. The six-cylinder Caterpillar C18 engine is more economical and requires less maintenance than twelve-cylinder engines. Peterson’s Adaptive Cooling system is used to adjust the fan

pitch to match the engine cooling requirements. At full pitch the fan power requirement is 53 hp (39.5 kW) so adjusting the fan pitch can significantly reduce fuel costs over the life of the machine. Cooling air is directed over the engine to minimise any dust build up on the engine. A twelve channel radio remote control permits control of the 5900E by the loader operator. The machine can be also controlled from the control box on the chipper. Suitable for everything from large land-clearing jobs to green-waste recycling, the Vermeer Tier IVi (Stage IIIB) HG4000, HG6000 and HG6000TX horizontal grinders include a number of features that make them ideal for a wide array of operations. Among the innovations that already make these horizontal grinders remarkable machines is the all-new chip drum, which allows the grinder to produce a consistent sized chip necessary for many applications, including biofuel chip production. “What we’ve found from customers is that power plants


From fuel chips to playground base to fuel pellets, the drum design creates a more useful, higher quality chip – Ryan Marshall, Vermeer

The HG4000 in action are transitioning from coal to fuel chips,” according to Vermeer’s Ryan Marshall. “This is increasing demand for chips within the biomass and biofuel markets. “This increase in demand led Vermeer to introduce the chip drum. It’s a more robust, fully

dedicated drum with knives, so you’re not switching back and forth as you would with a fuel chip attachment.” One of the premier enhancements is the ability to modify chip size. Operators can add or remove spacers to achieve the


eer HG6

erm on the V The COB

desired chip size. The chip drum can produce chip sizes ranging from 0.3 to 3.8 cm (0.125-1.50 in)

with 0.3 cm (0.125 in) increment adjustments. “From fuel chips to playground



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48 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

base to fuel pellets, the drum design creates a more useful, higher quality chip,” Marshall said. A major advantage of the new chipper drum is serviceability. A number of the high wear areas of the drum are protected by hardened steel parts providing longer life. These hardened steel parts are also replaceable via threaded fasteners to reduce labour costs and minimise downtime. Helping to minimise operator cost, screws have replaced the need for Babbitt on the knives. A user can now simply adjust the knife via thread fasteners quickly and safely rather than melting Babbitt. DuraTech Industries has released its much anticipated TC-15 tree chipper. The TC-15 is the larger option in the DuraTech tree chipper line. With an option of a 122 hp (91

kw) CAT C4.4 or 139 hp (103.7 kw) CAT C4.4 diesel engine and PT-Tech clutch, the powerful TC-15 can grind logs up to 375 mm (15 in) in diameter. “We are excited to offer a larger tree chipper with the same advanced and powerful technology utilised in our grinders,” Bob Strahm of DuraTech Industries said. “Our TC-12 tree chipper entered us into a new market, and now we are expanding further into this territory.” The TC-15 features a springloaded feed wheel with adjustable down pressure, an optional height sensor that automatically adjusts the feed roller to material size and an optional hydraulic gathering winch. A hydraulic two feed roller system feeds the four 107.5 mm (4.5 in) knives designed to chip wood waste. This high-powered unit discharges debris 360° from the hydraulic rotating adjustable chip spout, allowing the user to alter chip disposal. The TC-15 has multiple safety features like the innovative hopper safety light bars with easy and instant shut down. There are also two E-stop switches, a disc hood closed proximity switch and a breakaway brake switch to ensure the safety of the operator. “Safety is a major concern when operating chippers,” Strahm said.


DuraTech Industries has released it’s much anticipated TC-15 tree chipper

“The precautions installed on both of our tree chippers allow the users to operate safely and benefit from full use of all the features.” The new tree chipper is available with a pintle or ball hitch and can easily be towed to a job site. This unit is compact measuring 1985 mm x 5120 mm (79 in x 208 in). Jenz is converting its large chipper truck models to the new Euro 6 exhaust emission standard. There are numerous detailed improvements and the 540 hp version has been subsequently discontinued.

Conversion to Euro 6 Hardly any other manufacturer has influenced the development of the HGV-mounted chipper as much as Jenz. The term ‘chipper truck’ is nowadays a synonym for all vehicles of this type. The bestselling Jenz model is the HEM 583 R chipper truck, which

The precautions installed on both of our tree chippers allow the users to operate safely and benefit from full use of all the features – Bob Strahm, DuraTech Industries

is effectively the grandson of the original chipper truck from 2006. The vehicle was first presented together with the new HEM 583 chipper series at the Agritechnica last year in Hanover. Before then, this chipper truck was available with two engine variations, with 480 hp and 540 hp. However, with the introduction of the new Euro 6 exhaust emission standard, HGV manufacturer MAN has decided to drop the 540 hp version from its program. For this reason the new Euro 6 chipper truck will be available only with a 480 hp

engine. However, Jenz has fitted the vehicle with many new features to further increase efficiency.

Optimised chipper The new chipper truck now carries a new chipper on its back, the HEM 583. It replaces the most sought-after mobile chipper model to date, the HEM 582. In this case, the designers have launched a completely new machine but the chipper has been optimised in only a few aspects. The counter cutter is now located higher in order to change the chipping angle on the

HEM 583, which has enabled the chipping quality to be improved. Furthermore, Jenz has optimised the draw-in table. The structure is now more stable and the hydraulically-foldable cowl is omitted. In the HEM 583 it is permanently integrated. This means that the material draw-in has been improved. The new tooth profile on the draw-in roller also plays its part in this.

Hydraulic blower as series The most important innovation is a hydraulically-driven outfeed blower, which is now a standard feature on the HEM 583. This technology offers many advantages: • The ejection blower speed can be infinitely varied and controlled independently of the chipper rotor speed, which means it can always be adapted to the working conditions. This reduces the fines content of the chippings and also reduces wear on the machine • If required, the blower can be centrally located between the HGV driver’s cab and the chipper. This gives the operator the facility to overload the chippings both to the front and to the rear without having to change the position of the vehicle • The ejection flap on the blower tube is now conical so that the material flow is more bundled. This means that the chippings can be thrown more accurately and with fewer losses even over large distances

Jenz has converted its large chipper truck models to the new Euro 6 exhaust emission standard 50 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

• The cowlings on the ejection blower are now omitted. This measure allows the accessibility

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The most important innovation is a hydraulically-driven outfeed blower, which is now a standard feature on the HEM 583 to be improved and also saves weight. Although the HEM 583 provides more technology than its predecessor, it is not heavier.

Improvements on the chipper truck The power flow in the chipper truck has been optimised by using a hydraulically-driven blower.

In this superstructure variation, the chipper is driven by the HGV motor. This is a particularly efficient solution that has become established over many years. The drive force for the HEM 583 hydraulic components is now taken off upstream of the auxiliary drive for the chipper. The transmission is put under less strain because

it only has to withstand the force required to operate the chipper rotor. Furthermore, Jenz was also able to crucially improve the operational reliability of all chipper truck models. The standard cooler supplied with the MAN HGV reaches its limits in a dusty environment and at high outside

The Komptech Axtor 6010 is the little brother of the proven Axtor 8012

52 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

temperatures. Fine wood dust blocks the cooler and the machine runs hot. To prevent this, all chipper trucks are now fitted as series with a hydraulically-driven reversing fan from Cleanfix from now on. The airflow through the cooler is automatically adapted to the requirements. This means that the cooler is blown free at regular intervals. The entire cooler package has been completely sealed off so that the airflow can be specifically controlled and so that suction of dust from the side is prevented. A fine-mesh net in front of the coolers keeps coarse particles away. The solution enables the operator to use the complete performance potential of his chipper truck under any conditions. Komptech presented four new machines – the Axtor 6010, the Crambo direct, the Topturn X and the Hurrifex – at the IFAT trade fair in Munich just gone. As always with Komptech, it was customer requirements that drove these developments. And the results are impressive. The centrepiece of this year’s IFAT presentation was no doubt the Axtor 6010, the little brother of the proven Axtor 8012. Numerous

CHIPPERS 5010 Cdt highlights • Efficient chipping by special gearing from truck engine • External cooling for continuous high performance • Active feed with precompression by two horizontal and two vertical feed rollers • Drum speed as desired – 440 rpm for trunks or 400 & 560 for multipurpose use • Options – truck or crane cab, 3 or 4-axle truck, wood splitter, XL discharge pipe, discharge conveyor and more.

components have been downsized to fit the lower power, like the feed ramp, intake opening and chipping drum, which in no way diminishes utility – in fact, the company claims it does the opposite. “The Axtor 6010 is the right size for most facilities and operators, who can use it to capacity,” the Komptech said. “This naturally also has a very advantageous effect on pricing.” The Axtor 6010 rounds out Komptech’s offerings in the area of biomass processing. In fast-running shredder mode it generates material for composting, while in slow-running chipper mode it makes fuel for heating plants. Depending on the input material, it chips or shreds with shredder blades. In addition to “perfect” functionality, it shines with simple loading, resistance to contraries, great service and maintenance access, and naturally the mobility that comes with being available as 3-axle trailer, tractortrailer or tracked versions. Meanwhile, Komptech has emphasised the productivity of its Chippo family of chippers. Highlights include: • Developed to give the highest chip quality with the lowest operating costs • Active feed, large, open chipping drum and high-performance discharge systems for high throughput • Innovative chipping blade mounting system • Carefully designed for high stability and reliability • The right machine for the job: three sizes and many options. The Chippo is the new generation of mobile chipping machines from Komptech.

“Choosing a Chippo means choosing the highest level of wood chip quality at the lowest operating cost,” according to the manufacturer. Numerous features improve throughput and keep wear, maintenance and energy costs low, including active feed, efficient blade geometry, and conveyor belt discharge. The series starts with the 510 C, one of the most powerful tractor-driven drum chippers, through to the medium-upper performance truck-powered 5010 Cd, up to the high-performance 8010 C with 780 hp engine.

The Crambo is one of the best machines there is for shredding all types of wood and green cuttings – Komptech

the truck through a purposedesigned drive train. The power (540 PS/397 kW) is supplied by the MAN truck. The operator sits in the comfortable cab on a converted passenger seat and can concentrate fully on working with the powerful machine. The loading crane variant with integrated crane cab offers a perfect view from above. The Chippo 5010 Cdt (t for ‘turnable’) is a new version. The chipping unit is mounted on a solid turntable and swivels hydraulically through 260°. “With several versions and numerous options, the Chippo 5010 Cd direct can be configured exactly for its task,” Komptech said.

Chippo 8010 C – for professionals The Chippo 8010 C is the most powerful machine in the Chippo series. Powered by a 780 hp Cat auxiliary engine, the 8010 C produces up to 320 stacked cm3/h. “No chipper is more efficient,” the manufacturer claimed. “Its aggressive feed system, large, open two-speed drum, speedadjustable blower and energy-saving discharge conveyor add up to top quality chippings, in high volume, at very low cost.” It is mounted on a tough MAN 4-axle truck, with 480 hp engine and optional Hydrodrive (shiftable all-wheel drive) to negotiate steep

Inside the machine – Innovative Technology for perfect chips All Chippo models have the efficient Series 10 feed and chipping system. This arrangement provides certain material capture and active feed to the drum. The open drum configuration and optimum placement of the countercutter make chipping extremely efficient. The large 1,050 mm drum diameter allows a 750 x 1,000 mm intake opening. The adjustable blade advance and different screen baskets let the operator precisely adjust the chip size and obtain a consistent chip shape with minimal fines. Drum drive is by belt pulley and power band with soft start. If desired, a second speed is available, either by a second belt pulley or a planetary gear. Discharge is by a blower (optional with two fixed speeds or ‘steplessly’ adjustable), or a swivelling rear conveyor to save energy and minimise chip damage.


5010 Cd – Efficient working The Chippo 5010 Cd is a mounted version powered directly from APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 53

CHIPPERS slopes. A powerful Epsilon loading crane with crane cabin and over 10 m range gives a good action radius and a good view.

8010 C highlights

Chippo 510 C – a strong entry

• Well-equipped – tough carrier truck (MAN) and strong loading crane (Epsilon) with comfortable cab

The Chippo 510 C is a tractorpowered chipper, ideal for landscaping and forestry companies, and for anyone planning to get into the chipping business. The machine is designed for a drive rating of up to 500 hp, making it one of the most powerful chippers in this class. In the base configuration, the Chippo 510 C has a sturdy chassis with tandem axle. Numerous options for the tyres, the towing mechanism and the support simplify tailoring to customer requirements. The frame and body are designed for high stability, and doors and panels simplify access for servicing.

• Mobile high performance machine with 780 hp auxiliary engine

• Large drum diameter (1,050 mm) allows feeder height of 750 mm • Choice of discharge – material-friendly and energy-saving discharge via conveyor-flexible and precise via blower with variable rotation speed.

510 C highlights • Tractor driven chipper designed for drive rating up to 500 hp • Tough 2-axle chassis with tyre options • Drum speed to customer specification – 400 or 560 rpm or 400 & 560 rpm (two pulley drives) • Options for best working comfort – remote control for discharge systems, camera on discharge pipe, reversing camera, foot switch etc.

The Chippo 8010 C is a mobile, high performance machine with 780 hp engine

The chipping unit on the 5010 Cdt is mounted on a solid turntable and swivels hydraulically through 260°

The Chippo 5010

The Chippo 510 C is a tractor-powered chipper, ideal for landscaping and forestry companies, and for anyone planning to get into the chipping business

54 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

CHIPPERS Whole tree chippers from Bandit Industries have been made available with a versatile micro-chip drum, designed to produce dimensional wood chips approximately 1/4 in in size. This drum can also be easily reconfigured to produce standard chips, as well as large “maxi-chips” to serve multiple markets with the same machine. The micro-chip drum is available on the models 2590, 3090, 3590 and 3590XL, and features double the cuts per revolution compared to a standard Bandit drum. Micro-chips are typically the chips of choice for wood pellet production, as the smaller chip dries quicker and more evenly, allowing for more efficient pellet production with higher energy yields. Larger chips are also favoured by certain fuel wood markets, but regardless of the market, uniformity in chip size is vital. The new drum works in conjunction with Bandit’s Card Breaker System, which is designed to prevent oversize chips from exiting the drum. The result is a very uniform wood chip that can be specifically sized for individual fuel wood markets. These changes do not affect throwing power or production, nor are any special chip accelerators required. “Bandit wasn’t the first manufacturer to enter the market with a dedicated micro-chip machine, but that was on purpose,” Christopher Smith, Bandit’s Marketing and Communications Director, said. “The extra time we spent on research and development allowed us to fine-tune the process without taking away the durability or production Bandit customers have come to expect.” Joedy Cahoon, owner of J & R Cahoon Logging in Bellhaven, North Carolina, is a third generation logger. His operation is stronger than ever due in part to a Bandit 3590 whole tree chipper with the micro-chip drum that he uses to supply one of the largest manufacturers of processed biomass fuel in North America. “You can tell just by looking at the Bandit

machines that they put some real thought into their design,” he said. “We were running another machine at the time – Bandit didn’t have a microchipper out yet when we started. “I went and watched a friend with another machine run his, then I demoed some other micro-chippers. My local Bandit dealer got in touch with me, told me Bandit had their microchipper ready, and they brought a 3590 out to our job site. I just fell in love with it.” Cahoon’s 3590 is a 450 mm (30 in) capacity whole tree chipper with an 800 hp CAT C27. The micro-chip drum actually boasts 16 knives, giving double the cuts per revolution compared to a normal chipper. Despite these extra cuts, he still packs chip trailers in about 12 minutes and generally throws 20 loads on a set of knives. When Cahoon’s brother Ronnie secured a similar contract for micro-chips, he also turned to Bandit for a solution and purchased a 3590 of his own. Having formerly worked with his brother, Ronnie branched out seven years ago to form his own company in the area – Cahoon Brothers Logging. They still help each other out, and now that they each have a 3590 microchipper, they’re both in a great position to supply the largest exporter of wood pellets in the southern US. While the Cahoon brothers work in North Carolina, another operation has found success with Bandit’s 3590 a bit further south, serving standard and micro-chip markets in the state of Florida. “Right now our main market is a cement plant, where we started out needing the microchips for their old coal boiler,” Jimbo Nathe of RJ Nathe & Sons out of Dade City, Florida, said. This family operation has been in business since 1957, with Nathe working alongside his brothers and father every day. “The other market we’re dealing with is a local power plant,” Nathe said. “They don’t necessarily need as small a chip as what we’re

Protected hose routing Y-link with scale & MPB •

A cost-effective solution

Increased control of hose movements

Enables full swing angles

Fits with Indexators´s standard rotators

Scale and MPB brake can be integrated together, a unique combination

Bandit’s Card Breaker System ensures uniform chip size APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forsest Industries 55


The Bandit 3590 whole tree chipper produces micro-chips ideal for wood pellet production

producing, but the 3590 with the micro-chip drum is versatile enough to where the chips still meet their specs. Being able to feed two markets is the reason we went with this machine.” Fuel wood markets across the globe are expanding rapidly, with many sources suggesting biomass usage could triple in the next three years. Large scale biomass

power plants continue to go online around the world, but smaller scale biomass applications are also growing in popularity. Whether large or small, central to these facilities will be highquality biomass fuel, and that starts with wood chips. Specialty equipment like Bandit whole tree chippers – that can serve multiple markets without sacrificing chip

The extra time we spent on research and development allowed us to fine-tune the process without taking away the durability or production Bandit customers have come to expect – Christopher Smith, Bandit Industries

quality or production – are likely to play a very large role in supplying these facilities in the years to come.

The drum in the Bandit micro-chippers 56 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

Greenmech Arborist 150 chomps wood waste across British services The National Memorial Arboretum (NMA) in Staffordshire, England, has nearly 200 memorials dedicated to all divisions of the military and civil service institutes, such as the police, fire, ambulance and the RNLI. Its 61 ha site is now home to more than 42,000 trees that require a lot of maintenance. The purchase of a GreenMech Arborist 150, 26hp wood chipper,

has been the solution to the resultant waste. When maintenance of the oak, ash, willow and scott’s pines started, the woody waste was usually hauled to a corner of the site and burned – not a very popular solution on a site that welcomes more and more visitors each year. However, the purchase of a GreenMech wood chipper has brought several solutions. Not only has the unwelcomed burning been stopped but the wood and brash is now chipped and used around the site. One example is its use as mulch around the trees to act as a weed


The clutchless PTO drive eliminates traditional clutches and reduces maintenance, while an easy-open belt guard allows belt access without tools – Rayco

suppressant and help moisture retention. Another has been the placement of edging boards filled with wood chippings around monuments to give an easy to maintain, low cost pathway that blends into the area. Being a memorial centre there is added pressure to keep noise to a minimum, so this was one of the buying criteria. “GreenMech has focussed on developing machines that emit lower noise levels than most others and along with its chipping capabilities, made the Arborist 150 an obvious choice for us,” Assistant Curator James Shallcross said. The NMA opened its doors in 2001 and was developed from the site of an old sand and gravel quarry. The infill is made up of inert material such as building rubble and spoil taken from the development of the M6 toll road and is generally of poor nutritional quality. This and regular flooding from the nearby River Tame, does not make for ideal growing conditions and poses difficult issues on a day-to-day basis for

Shallcross and his team. The purchase of the chipper amongst other equipment has helped the NMA to manage some of these difficulties. Meanwhile, the Arborist 150 has made an impact at Manchester Airport. Manchester Airport is a significant landowner and the third busiest airport in the UK. Hugh Bunting goes back 34 years with the site and is the Landscaping & Habitat Manager, looking after 140 ha of landscaping and green space on the non-operational external areas. His remit covers ornamental plantings around the terminal; ornamental lawns; native structure tree plantings and woodland on the periphery; agricultural grass; field hedges; wetlands; sites of scientific interest and conservation areas. “Several years ago, all the landscaping etcetera was carried out by an in-house team,” bunting said. “So when the work went out to an external contractor in 2008, all of the equipment went as well. So when it was decided in August 2013 to bring it back in-house, we

NMA Assistant Curator James Shallcross uses the Greenmech Arborist 150 to tackle a variety of challenges on a sensitive site had to buy all new kit for the new internal landscaping team. Looking at what was on offer for chippers and shredders, the GreenMech Arborist 150 suited our needs the best.” Bunting’s team don’t have climbing licences so they still use an external ARB team for certain work. The company has both the wheeled and tracked versions of the GreenMech Arborist 150 and told Bunting they were very impressed. “I hadn’t had a [demonstration] of the machine but speaking to my ARB colleagues really swung it for me and I told Kevin Pickering at Turner Groundcare we were very interested in the Arborist 150,” Bunting said. “It’s brilliant – it’s just what we wanted. “We took delivery of it in September last year and the first thing I noticed was how very quiet it was compared to the old chipper we had, and that’s important because some of the areas we’re

using it in are close to passengers and members of the public.” Bunting chose the 34 hp model because it more suited the range of work on the site. They perform a constant thinning out maintenance program within woodland and structure planting – any idea of burning would be a ‘no go’ due to the use of the site. They use the Arborist 150 for a whole range of material like medium size trees and smaller softer shrubbery. The resultant chippings are stored and used on site for the shrubland areas. Upon delivery, Turner Groundcare carried out an operator familiarisation program in conjunction with GreenMech, which consisted of an hour talking through operation and safe use. As Bunting’s background is in amenity horticulture, he also advises with the airside based team on fertiliser application and PH levels of the 260 ha of airfield grass.

Nicer chipping: the Chippo Visit us Chippo 5010 C Mobile drum chipper

Munich, 16-20 July 2014 Outdoor area stand 805/71 APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 57


The Rayco RC1522G chipper is an economical solution for daily chipping needs

The 375 mm (15 in) capacity RC1522G chipper is an economical solution for daily chipping needs, offering an excellent combination of chipping power, large feed opening, and easy maintenance, according to the machine’s manufacturer, Rayco. At the heart of the machine is a 130 hp gasoline engine powering a 750 mm (30 in) diameter x 550 mm (22 in) wide, four-knife chipper drum. The feed system uses a 500 mm (20 in) diameter feed wheel with planetary drive motor to pull in stubborn brush and limbs. The chipper’s throat is a full 375 mm (15 in) high x 550 mm (22 in) wide straight through to the drum, with no neck-downs behind the feed wheel. Rayco’s exclusive X-Charge discharge system uses an outboard fan system to provide extra discharge velocity and reduce plugging. The clutchless PTO drive eliminates traditional clutches and reduces maintenance, while an easy-open belt guard allows belt access without tools. • 130hp GM gasoline engine • 375 mm x 550 mm throat opening

• Four-knife chipper drum 750 mm diameter x 550 mm wide • Planetary feed wheel drive motor • 500 mm diameter feed wheel • Hydraulic feed wheel lift and crush • Touch-and-Go down-pressure system • Clutchless PTO • VersaFeed automatic feed control • X-Charge discharge system • Folding infeed table. Doppstadt has added a new compact mobile chipper to its range of precision wood chippers for the maintenance of forests and woodland. “The DH 812Q chipper efficiently and economically shreds all types of wood from logs or roots, crowns of trees, shrubbery and waste wood into wood chips,” the manufacturer said. For mobile use, the machine can be hooked up to a tractor in any location and can start almost immediately with the shredding of material. Even tree trunks more than half a meter in diameter (up to 600 mm) can easily be processed

58 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

by the chipper. The operator can define the size of the chips produced as required. The required chip size can be specified as well as the variably adjustable in-feed speed together with exchangeable screen size segments. The machine operator controls the chipper directly from the tractor cab. All chipper operating controls can be housed and accessed from within the tractor cab. A forward and reverse running transverse in-feed system transports wood on an apron

conveyor to a floating-mounted in-feed rotor. There, the 1.2 m long steel chipping rotor (1 m in diameter), which is protected by a robust steel framework, rotates at 640 rpm. This large rotating solid steel mass, combined with the arrangement of its six knife blades, ensures low vibration operation during the shredding of all kinds of wood and guarantees optimal structure of the wood chips themselves. A PTO coupling drives the entire unit at 1,000 rpm. The machine is designed for transmission power of

The DH 812Q allows for required chip sizes to be specified

Mulcher TFVJMF


Mulcher TFVD

Mulcher TFMF

The DH 812Q shows off its loading capacity

Mulcher TFVJH The DH 812Q mobile chipper has been added to the Doppstadt range for use in forest maintenance between 250 kW (340 hp) and up to 370 kW (500 hp). When all the wood material has been chipped, the operator can easily fold the unit up again with its in-feeder (including stabilising supports) and transport it to the next location. This can be done quickly and safely even with the chipper on tow. The machine is approved for a maximum towing speed of 80 km/h and equipped with a dual-axis-tandem-carriage and ABS. The exclusive use of components manufactured by Doppstadt ensures there is minimal maintenance time required on hydraulic, control and safety systems. During the design and development of the chipper, great attention has been paid to good accessibility and easy replacement of spare parts e.g. by using bolt-on assemblies.

The redesigned Morbark 40/36 whole tree microchipper is the latest in design enhancements to make the machine perfect for microchip producers. The 40/36 was first introduced in 2008 as a compact, affordable and productive biomass chipper. The model was improved by the addition of the Advantage 3 high performance chipping drum in 2011, which significantly improved chip quality. The latest model includes an enhanced drum set with 16 knives using standard hardware, an operator-friendly slide-in forestry grate system to reduce oversized chips and a mechanically driven chip accelerator to fully load vans with the microchips. John Foote, Morbark VP of Sales and Marketing, said the EU’s mandate for more green energy had created opportunities for manufacturers of high quality



with new image, more content and more manageable Crta. Vilablareix, 18-20 – POL. IND. Mas Aliu 17181 Aiguaviva GIRONA (Spain) Tel. +34 972 401522 · Fax: +34 972 400163 E-mail:

chips and hence made the Morbark 36/40 an extremely attractive option. “This newly reengineered 40/36 microchipper is the solution,” he said. “We are able to produce a far superior product, producing 95-98% acceptable microchips at volumes of more than 70 t/hour.” With an average fuel consumption of 2.25 t/gallon of microchips produced, the Morbark

40/36 microchipper allows owners to reduce costs and maximise profits. In customer tests, 95-98% the microchips produced passed through a 1⁄2 in grate, and 72-74% passed through a 1⁄4 in grate. These microchips are vital for pellet mills, eliminating the need to regrind the wood fibre prior to pelletising.

60 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

Mobark 40/36 Chipper

With new biomass plants being built in the United States and the rapid expansion of wood pellet exports to Europe to meet the European Union’s mandate that 20% of its energy come from renewable sources by 2020, our customers need a cost-effective system for making microchips – John Foote, Morbark VP of Sales and Marketing

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 61


A fresh bunch

Feller bunchers need to be more powerful, durable, and comfortable but manufacturers have also found time for specific performance innovation

62 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014


erviceability and comfort are once again themes of this year’s feller buncher technology review, along with the return to higher power, higher production machines from the key suppliers. Komatsu meanwhile has focused largely on improved engine capacities and efficiencies, as well as greater versatility. But perhaps the most interesting advancement has come from North American manufacturer, Tigercat, which has developed an optional

feller director boom system with integrated stick boom hose guarding designed to work with the new, hard-wearing directional felling head. The feller director provides an alternative solution for many applications where a conventional hot saw equipped feller buncher doesn’t quite get the job done. Komatsu’s purpose-built XT-series track feller bunchers deliver superior manoeuvrability, multifunction capability and highproduction in the most demanding


The Tigercat 720E feller buncher with 2000 shear

forest environments, according to Komatsu US Marketing Manager, Steve Yolitz. “The pioneering design of Komatsu’s XT-series feller buncher revolutionised mechanical felling with the industry’s first engineup four-way cab levelling track carrier,” he said. This front/rear/ side leveling capability helps increase mechanical harvesting production, reduces required swing torque on slopes, and maximises operator comfort while working on slopes.

The original design introduced the first setback boom, which enhances stability and manoeuvrability. This feature also provides an “unexcelled ability” to work in confined spaces. The head can work very close to the machine, which maximises the carrier’s full lift capacity and allows the operator to handle large trees more effectively. The carrier design also introduced the first “true” multifunction cutting and traveling performance with independent hydrostatic track drives. Coupled

with Komatsu’s ‘zero-tail swing’ design, the XT-series machines have “exceptional manoeuvrability” in dense forest conditions. The XT-series has been engineered and produced at Komatsu’s Chattanooga Manufacturing Operations (USA) since 2009. Komatsu’s focus since that time has been ongoing product design and manufacturing process updates that have resulted in many significant improvements to the XT product line. The XT-series models include the XT430-2, and the cab-leveling models XT430L-2, XT445L-2 and XT450L-2. All models now feature continuous 360º cab rotation as standard. The XT450L features a larger leveling system designed for severe applications in big timber. Base operating weights for the machines range from 27,685 kg (61,035lb) to 31,545 kg (269,545). Each of the models is powered by an 8.3 liter 224kW (300 peak hp) Cummins Tier 3 engine. These Komatsu machines have a high capacity cooling package with thermostatically controlled auto-reversing fans to keep hydraulic oil cool in high production applications. Cooler oil results in improved engine and extended hydraulic component life; reduced maintenance; and improved fuel economy. An optional auxiliary oil cooler is available to meet the most demanding operating conditions. A new remote oil filter location with easier access improves serviceability. The XT-series swing-system drives run in a sealed grease bath for improved pinion lubrication with hardened gears for longer life. The standard 45 cc swing motor provides 63 kNm (47,100 lb/ft) of swing torque, while an optional

56 cc swing motor provides a 24% increase to 79.1 kNm (58,400 lb/ft). Dowels and a pilot hole align swing gears and provide easy service adjustment if needed. Easy-toaccess grease fittings reduce maintenance time and can help extend bearing life. The XT-series has a heavy duty reinforced car body design for added strength and longevity. The undercarriage design provides improved reliability, durability and serviceability, including: • Roller guards extended to the front and back with improved track shoe support plate clearance, which reduces track chain side loading on uneven ground • Track frame cut-outs reduce debris packing and improve roller maintenance • Track drive sprockets with mud and snow relief reduce packing • Longer track sliders with larger surface area extend idler life • Komatsu designed final drives for increased tractive effort and reliability • An additional bottom track roller (one or two depending on model) for better weight distribution and improved roller and track link life. The cab in the Komatsu feller buncher is quiet, spacious, pressurised, climate controlled and ergonomically designed for efficient operation. It meets all major certifications including ROPS, FOPS, TOPS, FOG, OPS, and WCB. The operator sits in a high-backed suspension seat that is comfortable and fully adjustable. The floor-to-ceiling front window provides a commanding work view. Tinted windows and neutral non-reflective interior surfaces minimise eye strain. Ten halogen work lights provide excellent visibility in low light conditions.

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 63


The pioneering design of Komatsu’s XT-series feller buncher revolutionised mechanical felling with the industry’s first engine-up four-way cab levelling track carrier – Steve Yolitz, Komatsu

The operator-friendly IQAN programmable digital control system allows the operator to fine-tune hydraulic controls to individual preferences to optimise machine characteristics. A monitoring system provides warnings, self-diagnostics and troubleshooting capability. “Komatsu’s purpose-built forestry machines are known for their performance and durability,

The Komatsu XT445L-2 track feller buncher 64 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

and configuring the model to the application is vitally important,” Yolitz said. “The XT family is designed for a wide range of felling and harvesting applications with two boom and four arm options, and nine hydraulic system configurations. These machines can be easily outfitted with many different felling, harvesting or processing attachments.” North American stalwart

Tigercat has an “extensive” feller buncher offering for “every conceivable application”. The Tigercat C-series feller bunchers are well known for extremely long service life; optimal machine availability rates; thoughtful component arrangement and service access; the clearest operator sightlines; and high capacity variable-flow cooling.


The Tigercat LS855C with feller director boom and 5195 directional felling saw An important advantage common to all models and unique to Tigercat feller bunchers is ER boom technology. ER provides markedly increased production – especially in high cycle applications – compared with conventional boom systems, according to Tigercat. ER allows the operator to extend and retract the boom on a horizontal plane using a single joystick. In doing so, ER transfers energy back and forth between the main and the stick boom functions, reducing the total energy required and freeing this energy up for other machine functions or fuel savings.

“No other equipment manufacturer has comparable technology,” the manufacturer claimed.

One of the greatest advantages of Tigercat

Steep slope feller bunchers

feller bunchers is the optional WideRange drive

The 822C/L830C series machines are Tigercat’s high production, zero tail feller bunchers, which are well suited to thinning and final felling. The closed loop track drive X-model provides even higher performance in steep terrain with quicker track speeds when climbing, improved turning performance, better multifunctioning and more hydraulic efficiency.

system – Tigercat The L830C and LX830C share the same R7-150-2 undercarriage and levelling components as the super duty L870C/LX870C.

All-around solution The all-around 845C is well suited to most applications and excels in

IFI SHOW DIRECTORY MAY 21 – 23, 2014 Mogi Guaçu | São Paulo State, Brazil

Join us at Expo Forest 2014

66 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

high cycle, small stem applications. The 845C is extremely fuel-efficient and offers excellent service access, especially for a limited tail-swing machine. With more boom lift and reach capacity, the larger, full tailswing 860C is often the machine of choice in southern hemisphere high cycle plantation applications.

Severe duty bunchers For tougher terrain and larger timber, the FH400-based 870C provides the extra track power, stability, boom reach, and lift required to maintain the highest levels of production. The Tigercat 870C feller buncher is a high production machine suited to steep, rocky, soft or otherwise challenging terrain. Field proven at both temperature extremes, the 870C provides around-the-clock

FELLER BUNCHERS performance in the most hostile clear fell applications in the world. The efficient twin-swing drive system provides powerful swing torque combined with low pinion loads for extended swing system life.

855C shear carrier For plantation eucalyptus applications, Tigercat offers the 855C carrier equipped with the 2000 series shear. This combination is proving to be an extremely low cost-per-tonne solution for eucalyptus because of the fast shear cycles and extremely efficient carrier hydraulics. In addition, the shear is a lower cost, lower maintenance alternative to a disc saw felling head and a shear equipped machine burns less fuel than a disc saw. In rocky or abrasive soil types, the benefits of the shear are even more pronounced. The ability of the 2000 shear to accumulate large, parallel bunches also improves skidder productivity.

LS855C feller director configuration New in 2014 is the LS855C shovel logger “with a twist”, according to the manufacturer. Tigercat has developed an extremely durable directional felling head, the FD5195, and along with it, an optional feller director boom system for the LS855C with integrated stick boom hose guarding. The LS855C as a feller director is very effective in a number of applications that are not an ideal fit for a conventional hot saw equipped feller buncher. In steep slope applications, the LS855C can fell and extract independently, fell for a yarder, or fell and bunch for a skidder. With a 950 mm cutting capacity, the directional felling head becomes especially advantageous when steep slopes are combined with

oversize timber as the operator can avoid the extra time and machine repositioning associated with double cutting. In addition, the LS855C has a unique closed loop swing drive with energy recovery for high performance and improved fuel economy.

Drive-to-tree feller bunchers Tigercat builds four drive-to-tree feller buncher models for the full range of thinning and final felling duties in favourable terrain. The 718E is the lowest cost, lightest weight, simplest and most agile machine in the line-up. The 720E and 724E are versatile for thinning and clear fell applications and the 224 kW 726E works in terrain and tree sizes that many would consider track buncher territory. From the 720E up, the machines are equipped with the high capacity cross-flow cooling system and a thermostat controlled variable speed, reversible cooling fan. The rear frame is compartmentalised for clear separation of engine, hydraulics and cooling system components. Both the 724E (181 kW/242 hp) and the 726E (245 kW/328 hp) are now Tigercat powered – equipped with the Tigercat FPT N67 and C87 engines making them Tier IVi compliant. The Tigercat FPT solution meets stringent Tier IV emission levels without the need for a variable geometry turbocharger, an EGR system, a higher capacity cooling system, an intake throttle body, or a diesel particulate filter, while offering improved reliability and lower longterm maintenance costs. “One of the greatest advantages of Tigercat feller bunchers is the optional WideRange drive system,” the manufacturer stated. “Only Tigercat offers an infinitely variable transmission for drive-to-tree feller bunchers.”

The revolutionary design gives the C Series unprecedented stability – even when carrying big timber on steep or uneven terrain – Cat

The Cat 563C wheel feller buncher Drive-to-tree feller bunchers spend a great percentage of the total duty cycle driving – to the next tree or to and from the bunch pile. WideRange allows the operator to travel more quickly than conventional two-speed transmission equipped feller bunchers. Quicker travel boosts productivity and reduces cost per ton in high production thinning and final fell applications. Tigercat drive-to-tree feller bunchers are often equipped with bunching saws and shears for plantation applications with smaller diameter timber. In high cycle multi-stem bunching applications, Tigercat bunching saws and shears contribute to significant productivity gains by increasing the number of stems per cycle. The result is more trees felled per hour, less travel, reduced wear on drivetrain or swing components, lower fuel consumption and optimised skidder bunches. With the recent Tigercat shear enhancements, cycle times are approaching the speed of a disc saw head with far less cost and maintenance. The Cat C Series wheel feller bunchers are more productive while burning less fuel than previous models. PowerDirect Plus – new technology that optimises machine efficiency and productivity

– delivers power where and when it is needed. Simultaneous lift-tilt and liftsteer functions are significantly faster than major competitive machines, according to Cat. Saw recovery time is also significantly faster. The engine is positioned at the back for better weight distribution and balance between the front and rear axles. This revolutionary design gives the C Series unprecedented stability – even when carrying big timber on steep or uneven terrain. The C Series is the first wheel feller buncher that can be serviced standing on the ground, including fuelling. Hydraulic oil is also added at ground level with a standard electric hydraulic oil fill pump and a quick coupler hose stored on the machine. The tilt cab and hinged doors on three sides and at the bottom of the engine compartment provide ground-level access to the engine, hydraulic pumps and other key components. The machine is segmented into pressurised compartments that prevent debris from entering. “Less debris build-up means less time required for cleaning and better performance,” Cat stated. “The pressurised airflow keeps electronics, sensors and other key components cool during long workdays.”

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John Deere’s fleet of tracked and wheeled feller bunchers are “power-packed machines that won’t disappoint when it comes to high-production logging in tough terrain”, the manufacturer claims.

On tracks John Deere’s tracked feller bunchers have recently received several enhancements and new options that deliver higher productivity rates, increased uptime and lower daily operating costs. Recently John Deere expanded the reach of its 903K and 909K tracked feller bunchers with a new long boom option. It also delivers increased productivity by stretching maximum reach to

more than 9.82 m (32 in) a 10.6% increase over the standard boom, when used with John Deere’s field proven FR21B Disc Saw Felling Head. The new long boom provides a best in class cutting swath of 5.18m (17 ft) to handle more trees

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from one location. It’s ideal for cutting small diameter trees or low density stands. John Deere’s optional Rapid Cycle System (RCS) allows the operator to control the boom, stick and felling head trajectory with a

single joystick. Simply push the joystick forward and the felling head moves away from the machine while staying level with the ground. The result is a smoothness and speed that improves the overall quality of the cut. RCS is available

on all of John Deere 900K series tracked feller buncher models – 903K, 909K, 953K and 959K. John Deere’s 700J series tracked feller bunchers also deliver impressive productivity. Highlights of the series include a large-displacement 9 litre engine that delivers the power needed to get the job done quickly and efficiently. Combining hydraulics that are both smooth and fast with a bestin-class boom, these powerful, agile machines give more muscle to handle more trees, with a faster saw-recovery time. Stability is a key feature of these machines. With the larger U7 undercarriage option on the 753J tracked feller buncher, operators have even more stability and tractive effort in rugged terrain.



Our unique heat treatment process makes the sawbar extremely rigid and durable

The special alloy R-series is the Sword exceptional strength properties.

On wheels “Loggers need to be able to depend on their equipment,” John Deere states. “That’s why John Deere built its wheeled feller bunchers with robust hydraulic and electrical systems and best-in-class axles.” The K-Series wheeled feller bunchers are equipped with features that give loggers more power, greater productivity and higher uptime, allowing them to cut costs while cutting timber, the manufacturer says. In recent years, John Deere has made several enhancements and improvements to the K series wheeled feller bunchers – all in the name of productivity, uptime and lower daily operating costs. Highlights include: • All machines now have a different primary fuel filter/electric fuel transfer pump, different final fuel filter assembly and an additional severe-duty fuel filter. These components improve filtration, ensure additional cleanliness and increase the reliability of the fuel system components • Changes were made to help reduce case drain pressures in the hydraulic system, which improves hydraulic efficiency and component life. These changes also eliminate the problem of driving through the park brake when the Hydrostatic Transmission (HST) enable valve screw is left out by mistake. Updates include a new filtered ‘Mini Tank’, mesh screen, combination valve and diagnostic connector • John Deere also made updates to the current seat to increase operator comfort and provide increased adjustments in armrests and controls.

The nose sprocket has 12 teeth, which reduces the sprocket speed resulting in less friction and wear.


An all around track providing excellent traction and good flotation. The cross member design is self cleaning and provides excellent strength and anti-slip properties against the tire.

Make your own way

The new seat offers increased lumbar support, increased arm rest padding, added leg room, new joystick locations and more adjustments to better fit the operator. Seat updates are also

available on all tracked feller buncher models. An efficient arm design allows for strong grab arm force for tree manipulation and placement. Engineered with one harvesting

70 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014

arm and one accumulating arm, the arms ensure tight tree alignment and clean bunch release. The simple arrangement translates to quicker and easier cuts for the operator.

John Deere’s tracked feller bunchers have recently received several enhancements and new options that deliver higher productivity rates, increased uptime and lower daily operating costs – John Deere

Increased productivity is within your reach. Expand your reach with the new boom option for 903K and 909K Tracked Feller Bunchers. The new long boom delivers increased productivity by stretching maximum reach to more than 32 feet (9.82m), a 10.6% increase over the standard boom, when used with our FR21B Disc Saw Felling Head. Designed to maximize productivity, the new long boom also provides a best in class cutting swath of 17’ (5.18m) to handle more trees from one location. Contact your dealer.

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2013 marks successful year for PrimeTech

The PrimeTech PT-600 at a demonstration last year

PrimeTech recorded a successful 12 months over 2013, particularly in the sale and development of its tracked carriers. This year is shaping up to be even more successful


ast year was a busy one for PrimeTech – a year of trading excellence and design innovation, which started with the PT-175. The PT-175 is the smallest track mulcher of the PT-Series, the only model on the market to offer a high-performance 160 hp engine in a compact size. In early 2013, the PT-175 was launched on the European market with a demonstration tour that covered Germany, France, Belgium and Sweden. The PT-175 mulcher also featured prominently in major international exhibitions worldwide such as Bauma, Agritechnica and Elmia Wood. In the second half of 2013, the PT-175 was launched in North America, again through a series of nationwide demonstrations and trade fair presence, most notably at the prestigious ICUEE. “The PT-175 is an impressively innovative mulcher, built around cutting-edge technology,” the manufacturer stated. “All components are easy to access

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thanks to a fully tilting engine hood, hinged side doors and swing-out rear winch that opens effortlessly for daily maintenance of the vehicle.” Along with the launch of the new PT-175 mulcher, the flagship PT-300 model underwent a major design overhaul. Key technical improvements included, but were not limited to: • New cab (fully tilting, as in the PT-175 model and equipped with LED headlights and a flat-faced front windshield instead of the curved windshield of previous models) • New Berco-quality D4 oscillating undercarriage with ground clearance increased by 6 cm (2 in) from 40 cm to 46 cm (18 in) • Optimised easy access to all components for easy maintenance. PrimeTech is known globally for the reliability of its land-clearing mulchers and the outstanding quality of its customer support. The group’s versatile units are

employed worldwide in such diverse fields as forestry, road and mine clearing. “We tackled the widespread economic downturn that hit several countries in 2013 with farsightedness and resolve,” the company reflected. “We strengthened our presence in established markets such as Canada and Russia, and profitably extended our existing customer base to include countries in places such as Africa and the Baltics. “That ensured a healthy boost in sales, with a very positive turnover and substantial brand growth.” For 2014, PrimeTech has what it has described as “a groundbreaking series of customercentred initiatives and targeted events” lined up. “Our core philosophy has not changed – to give customers a range of superior vehicles for landclearing, mulching, and demining, boasting innovative features and employing the best in Italian design.


“Customer feedback and comments will continue to play a key role in the development of new projects.” After-sales service and product support is equally important, and PrimeTech has already taken steps to further enhance customer service both through the FAE Group subsidiaries and its dealer network. PrimeTech will be offering a series of training courses specifically targeted to customers in remote areas. In fact, PrimTech customer care goes well beyond traditional servicing. In order to ensure the best performance and efficiency of its forestry, mulching and land-clearing units, PrimeTech combines spare parts and support packages with an industry-setting series of highly customisable training sessions for up to a year after purchase. Market expansion and brand consolidation are key PrimeTech targets for 2014. “We aim to enlist new dealers, open new markets, and enhance promotion of land-clearing

products in all the major 2014 trade fairs,” PrimeTech stated. PrimeTech’s presence was strong at Conexpo in Las Vegas and was set to be equally robust at EXPOFOREST in Brazil, CTT in Russia, and Civenex in Australia. In Europe, PrimeTech planned to ensure a strong presence at Interforest in Germany, Euroforest in France, APF in the UK, and at EIMA in Italy. In 2014, brand-new headquarters for the Canadian subsidiary, PrimeTech Shredding Equipment, will also be unveiled. The Canadian branch, set up in 2006, decided to invest in a larger structure, expanding its spare parts warehouse and enhancing customer service. Finally, 2014 marks a historic milestone for the FAE Group – a company founded in 1989 and known throughout the world under the brands FAE and PrimeTech. This year the company and its customers will celebrate 25 years of excellence in the field of forestry, mulching and land clearing.

The PT-400 with a subsoiler head

PrimeTech’s PT-175 compact mulcher is built around cutting edge technology

The PT-300 has been remodelled for this year APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 73

Yardstick for Forest and Technology

July 16–20, 2014 Messe Mßnchen Munich, Germany

12th International Key Trade Fair for Forestry and Forest Technology with Scientific Conferences and Special Shows

Buy your ticket online. Save up to



A tracked vehicle as strong as a mammoth Machine experts Doppstadt are letting their DW3080 K3 shredder flex its new steely muscles at this year’s IFAT. From 5th to 9th May, the mobile unit will be displaying its skills in VDMA’s demonstration area. Complemented by newly added star-screen modules to the rear, the DW 3080K3 efficiently processes anything from wastewood to mixed construction waste. Weighing in at a hefty 50 tonnes, this mammoth amongst shredders can mix it with the biggest of its kind as well as the most difficult tasks required. The machine is quickly ready for use due to its hydraulic fold-out rear conveyor. A multi-function display provides information about the machine data and is easy to use - including by remote control. Doppstadt have reinforced the reversible rotor and hydraulic comb of the shredder and by doing so, increased the machine’s stability and durability even further. The rotor teeth are made from wearresistant steel and tear the material through the shredding comb. In the event of foreign objects, the comb opens automatically to prevent any damage. A powerful direct drive provides high throughput and at the same time minimum fuel consumption. For maintenance

and service work, both the comb door and the comb itself can easily be folded out, which simplifies the changing of the comb and any tools. The self-cleaning cooler is easily accessible but runs particularly quietly by means of a large fan wheel running at low speed. The steady rotary motion of the star elements loosens up and circulates the material to be screened during its transportation along the deck and the different speeds of the individual star driveshafts pull the material apart for better screening. The grain size can be varied by choosing different star sizes and by changing the infinitely adjustable speeds on the screening deck elements. Finally, a fine screen deck separates the remaining screening material into medium and fine fractions. The second, medium-sized fraction of the screened material is delivered to the front while the third fraction of screening material is delivered laterally via a fine grain discharge belt.

High purity of material in three sieved fractions The new DHS 812 rear star-screen unit sorts the pre-shredded material into three different

fractions. To ensure that the separated materials obtain a very high level of purity, the screening material is firstly transported on a shortened rear conveyor to a coarse screening deck. There, the medium sized grain falls through the interstices and crevices in the star-screen. The coarse particles are transported from each starscreen shaft to the next and are then finally ejected laterally by an oversize particle cross-conveyor. As an option, this material can be transported by a return conveyor back to the DW 3080K3’s in-feed hopper. The evenly rotating motion of the star elements loosens up and circulates the feed material during transport and the different

speeds of the individual star shafts pull the screen material apart. The grain size can be varied by different star sizes and infinitely adjustable speed controls of the screening deck. Finally, a fine screen deck separates the remaining screening material into medium and fine grain. The second, mediumsized screen material fraction is discharged at the front whilst the third screen material fraction is discharged laterally via a fine grain discharge conveyor. Visit Doppstadt at IFAT in Munich - 5th to 9th May - Hall C2 Stand 145/246

Bandit offers stump grinding attachment for Skid Steers

Bandit Industries now offers the Stump Gun, a powerful stump grinding attachment designed for use with skid steers. The Stump Gun’s innovative-yet-simple design allows it to easily grind stumps of virtually any shape or size. It attaches to skid-steer loaders in seconds, and it’s powered by

the skid steer’s hydraulic system. “If you have a skid-steer loader, you can have a powerful stump grinder,” said Christopher Smith, Bandit’s marketing and communications director. “The Stump Gun is a perfect addition for anyone with a skid steer who’s also seeking a simple, easy-to-use stump grinding solution.” The Stump Gun connects to any skid steer with a quick attach plate. Once attached, the operator simply connects the hydraulic lines and removes the Stump Gun

from its stand cradle. Because it operates vertically, the Stump Gun can be used to grind stumps of virtually any size. Operators simply drive to the stump, raise the Stump Gun into position, and grind the stump from left to right. The vertical design helps to aid chip containment while also being very effective on odd-shaped stumps and rootballs. “What’s nice about the Stump Gun is that it’s a very basic design with just a few moving parts, yet it’s effective on pretty much any kind of stump,” said Smith. “It’s high-production with low maintenance, and that’s something everyone can appreciate.” Maintaining the Stump Gun is as easy as operating it. Two

grease points, nine grinding teeth and an end-cap on the shaft are the extent of the maintenance. Keep the Stump Gun greased and monitor the teeth and end-cap for wear—that’s it. The powerful hydraulic motor requires no routine maintenance, and the steel grinding shaft is built to easily withstand regular grinding operation. And because the Stump Gun comes from Bandit, it’s built with the same durable construction and attention-to-detail people have come to expect from a Bandit product.

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 75


Doppstadt solves the problem of separating material in rough terrain During IFAT from 5th to 9th May, the Doppstadt Group will be showing the new SM 620K screening machine suitable for the separation of sand, gravel or general waste. This track-mounted model complements its wheelmounted SM 620 sister model and operates safely in rough terrains such as gravel pits, quarries or landfill sites. Doppstadt will be demonstrating the machine, which can be controlled via remote control directly from the cabin of a digger or wheeled loader, in the VDBUM demonstration area. This model ensures the safe uninterrupted operation of screening activities, even under difficult conditions or on rough ground. With its low transportation height of just 3.4m, this machine can be transported quickly from

site to site by low loader over all standard traffic routes. The SM 620K track-mounted model retains all the operator conveniences in ease of operation, maintenance and service when compared with its wheel-mounted mobile SM 620 sibling and can be operated with either a screen drum or a star-screen deck. This allows an exceptionally broad range of applications in mobile screening technique, ranging from dry, freeflowing feed material to damp and cohesive materials. The change between the drum and star screen deck can be achieved without tools and is done within about an hour. The screening drum is 5.5m long, has a diameter of 2m and a screening area of 30.2m2. Aperture size and shape (within the drum) are matched against the material to be screened. Customers can

choose between drums made of perforated plate having a diameter of holes from 6mm and upwards or drums with a removable wire mesh from 4mm in size. The star-screen deck has a screening area of 6m2 and allows a material screening range of between 10 and 150mm (depending on the version). An integrated feeder screw provides uniform feeding onto the screening deck. With optional equipment, this screening machine can be prepared for further special applications.

For example with a hydraulically foldable stone grid, a vibrating screen or a star screen being placed on the loading hopper, it is well equipped for the separation of coarse materials. Supplementary roller magnets on the discharge belts allow for FE-metal separation, while further upgrading with air separators enables the separation of any light material from the oversize grain. Visit us at IFAT in Munich - 5th to 9th May - Hall C2 Stand 145/246

Fecon introduces multi-purpose John Deere introduces EX60 utility track vehicle value-priced telematics Fecon introduced the versatile EX60 utility track vehicle at ConExpo-Con/Agg in Las Vegas earlier this year. A 2.7 t (6,000 lb) payload capacity and all-terrain rubber tracks makes the EX60 a versatile, heavy duty, compact UTV. Mobilise solutions such as fleet service, fire-fighting, material handling, or spraying vegetation and insects where trucks or larger vehicles can’t go. Two standard auxiliary hydraulic circuits can power optional equipment. A load

sense pump is offered as an option for more demanding applications. The EX60 features a universal mounting plate in the payload area to easily switch between solutions, whether skid mounted equipment or material handling apparatus. A reversible operator station and operator controls add to the flexibility of the EX60. The 46 hp diesel engine enables transport of the impressive payload and 11.2 km/h travel speed.

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John Deere’s user-friendly JDLink machine monitoring system is now available for all makes of stationary and mobile forestry equipment with two new Universal Telematics subscription levels. JDLink Locate and JDLink Express boast valuepriced hardware and subscription costs. “JDLink Locate and JDLink Express allow logging professionals to track and protect all pieces of equipment on their jobsites with the same JDLink application they use for the rest of their John Deere machines,” Tom Trone, Director of Global WorkSight Solutions with John Deere Construction & Forestry, said. “The hardware can be installed on both powered and non-powered assets and will keep companies informed on location, help protect jobsite assets, and boost profits.” JDLink Locate allows a logger to access asset location and set-up a geofence around a machine, so they can be alerted if it travels outside the virtual boundary. The hardware features an internal

JDLink Locate allows a logger to access asset location and set-up a geofence around a machine, so they can be alerted if it travels outside the virtual boundary battery, so it can be easily installed with screws or adhesive on anything that needs to be tracked. The only mounting requirement is a clear view of the sky. JDLink Express includes these same machine location and geofence features, and adds distance traveled and engine hours so loggers can track utilization and schedule periodic maintenance. JDLink Express also lets a logger “ping” the machine for real-time data updates. Two different hardware options cover everything from light-duty trucks to skid steers to heavy-duty haulers.


Morbark, Inc., Debuts Slow-Speed Shredder at CONEXPO “If It’s New, It’s Here,” proclaims the Association of Equipment Manufacturers of the CONEXPO/ CON-AGG trade show, and Morbark® does not disappoint on that score. Morbark, Inc., a leading manufacturer of durable, highperformance wood waste reduction equipment for more than 50 years, will debut an exciting new product at this year’s CONEXPO show. The Barracuda Slow-Speed Shredder Morbark partnered with its European dealer, OBMtec, to produce the Barracuda, a singlerotor, slow-speed shredder for markets outside of Europe. The Barracuda, developed by OBMtec and manufactured at Morbark’s Winn, Mich., factory, offers a universal solution for industrial, C&D, wood and other waste streams, providing a high-quality end product with low operating, maintenance and fuel costs. “Adding the Barracuda shredder to our industrial product line allows our customers to easily expand their capabilities in C&D and industrial waste reduction,” said John Foote, Morbark VP of Sales and Marketing. “Our ultimate goal is to make our customers successful, so the machine was designed for versatility and ease of maintenance. With high fuel

efficiency and low operating and maintenance costs, combined with the versatility to process a wide variety of materials, the Barracuda provides exceptional value to our recycling customers.”

Key benefits of the Barracuda include: • Ease of maintenance: The Barracuda is designed with serviceability in mind. All daily maintenance, such as cleaning the air filter, and checking and changing fluids, can be done while standing at ground level.

• Versatility: The Barracuda’s ground-level adjustment door allows you to adjust grates in as little as 2 minutes, reducing downtime and increasing productivity. The counter knives can be repositioned to 5 different heights—higher for waste wood or lower for industrial waste—to give you the best end product for whatever you run through it. Available setup options from 20 to 40 hammers and counter knives give you multiple alternatives to find the right mix of speed, fuel economy, and

output quality to best fit your needs. • Low operating costs: The Barracuda’s single rotor and bolt-on hammer inserts for reduced maintenance times, the internal rotor gearbox with high torque for greater fuel efficiency and large hydraulic reservoir for lower operating temperatures all play a part with the many other key features to reduce operating costs in this new design — all to increase your bottom line!

Deere skidders with new, larger grapples and enhanced heavy-duty axle upgrades 648H options

Meanwhile, John Deere has increased the flexibility of its skidders with new, larger grapples and enhanced heavy-duty axle upgrades for the 648H and 748H models. Available now, these new options offer improved productivity and longer axle life making it easier to move more wood, more reliably. “Our customers requested larger grapples and more robust axles, so we listened and responded with new upgrades now available for both 648H and 748H Skidders,” Brandon O’Neal, Product Marketing Manager with John Deere Construction & Forestry, said. “The new larger grapples

and enhanced heavy-duty axle upgrades for the 648H and 748H Skidders give our customers more flexibility than ever when configuring a machine that best fits their business needs.” The larger grapples allow more wood to be delivered to a jobsite landing with fewer skids. Heavyduty Super-Wide Extreme-Duty Axles (SWEDAs) provide a solid foundation for the new grapples and have been enhanced to bolster long-term reliability. The more robust axles also feature a larger bearing for improved durability in various applications.

• Larger grapple: customers can upgrade to a new grapple with a huge 4.5 m2 area with a 3.175m (127 in)-wide opening for even more productivity •E  nhanced SWEDA axle: customers who upgrade to the new grapple are also required to upgrade to the more robust SWEDA. For those only seeking improved axle durability, the option to upgrade to the heavyduty SWEDA axle without needing to upgrade to the new grapple is also available.

748H options • Larger grapple: the new optional grapple features a 5.5 m2 area with a 3.35 m (134 in)-wide opening for more productivity • Enhanced SWEDA II axle: customers who choose to upgrade to the new grapple are also required to upgrade to the more robust SWEDA II axle. An option to upgrade to the extreme-duty SWEDA II axle without upgrading to the new grapple is also available.

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Morbark® takes safety to the next level New ChipSafe™ Operator Safety Shield and Training Requirements Increase Brush Chipper Safety Recognizing that the tree care industry has inherent risks to personnel, Morbark, Inc., will now offer the ChipSafe™ Operator Safety Shield as an option on the 12-inch through 18-inch capacity models of its Beever™ brush chippers. Consisting of plates mounted directly to the sides of the brush chipper’s infeed chute and used in conjunction with special work gloves and ankle straps (or straps on both the ankles and wrists), the ChipSafe Operator Safety Shield stops the chipper’s feeding mechanism if the operator’s hands or feet enter the defined ChipSafe sensing zone in the infeed chute, protecting the operator from possible injury. The chipper’s feeding mechanism is restarted with a simple swipe of the operator’s ChipSafe glove or wrist strap across a reset box located on the outer side of the infeed chute, so high productivity is maintained. “Morbark and our dealers are deeply committed to safety,” said John Foote, Morbark VP of Sales and Marketing. “We feel strongly that the ChipSafe Operator Safety Shield will help protect our customers and their employees from injury.” The ChipSafe will be available

beginning in May as an option on new Morbark Beever M12D, M12R, M15RX, M15R, M18RX and M18R brush chippers. Morbark expects to have field kits to retrofit current model Morbark 12- to 18-inch capacity chippers with the ChipSafe Operator Safety Shield available through its worldwide dealer network by mid-June. To further increase chipper operator safety, Morbark is the first original equipment manufacturer to require all of its authorized dealers to have TCIA Chipper Operator Specialists on staff. This commitment to safe chipper operation begins at home, as Morbark’s own Tree Care Products sales team members are all TCIA Chipper Operator Specialists. To date, 20 Morbark staff, 66 Morbark dealer personnel and more than 300 chipper users have attended the nine TCIA Chipper Operator Specialist workshops Morbark and its dealers have hosted, along with two that

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Morbark has sponsored with TCIA. At Morbark’s recent Tree Care Products Sales Boot Camp, approximately 50 more Morbark dealer personnel attended the workshop and are on their way to obtaining their certificates. In addition, Morbark currently has three staff members who are qualified to teach the TCIA Chipper Operator Specialist Workshop. “It’s important to us to have any of our authorized dealers around the world be able to give Morbark customers the same high-quality service we would give them ourselves,” Mark Rau, Morbark’s Dealer Development Manager, said. “This means our dealers have to be knowledgeable on the safe and proper operation of our equipment.” Brush chipper accidents are a significant concern for tree

care and landscape employers, employees and equipment manufacturers; and many chipper operators receive little formal training on how to use the equipment and avoid accidents. With support from Morbark and other equipment manufacturers, TCIA has developed the Chipper Operator Specialist credentialing program, as part of its Tree Care Academy®. The workshop covers hazard awareness and procedures for hooking up, setting up, operating and maintaining a chipper. Morbark is a TCIA Crown Level PACT (Partners Advancing Commercial Treecare) partner. PACT partners provide financial support for a variety of TCIA safety and training programs.


Ponsse presents harvester head range for new size class Ponsse’s harvester head range has been extended with a new size class. The company introduced its new harvester head models, Ponsse 10 and Ponsse H8 with a top saw, at the Oregon Logging Conference in the USA. The harvester heads are designed for the demanding harvesting conditions of North America. The H10 opens up a new market for Ponsse – it is a heavy-duty processing and harvesting head for track-based machines weighing over 25 t. With the new size class of harvester heads, Ponsse is responding to the harvesting needs of local harvesting entrepreneurs. “Our local customers are primarily harvesting logs using the cut-to-length method and forest machines with rubber tyres,” Jarmo Vidgrén, Ponsse Sales and Marketing Director, said. “However, sometimes the trees are so thick that track-based machines with processing heads are required. The fact that Ponsse Bear harvesters and Ponsse Elephant forwarders are even used for thinning gives a good idea of the conditions in the USA. In other industrial harvesting markets, these models are used for regeneration felling. “We have a lot of long-standing customer relationships in the USA, dating back to the early 90s. Cooperation with customers has always been good, which is also

The Ponsse H10 head

evidenced by the positive results of our product development.” The H10 processing head has also been tested in the USA. Its durable body structure, good grip and powerful feeding ensure good productivity and a long service life. Thanks to the Opti control system, the H10 is dimensionally very accurate. The product development work performed in

cooperation with customers has focussed on the easy controllability and maintenance of the harvester head. The Ponsse H8 with a top saw is designed for harvesting and processing difficult deciduous and coniferous trees in North America. The product family of Ponsse harvester heads has been totally reformed over the last few years. All harvester heads in the different

size categories are well suited for thinning, regeneration felling and multi-stemming, and multistemming with PONSSE harvester heads is possible without any additional equipment. Ponsse has been developing harvester heads since 1986.

Educational cooperation with the University of Oregon started A cooperation agreement was also concluded with the University of Oregon during the Oregon Logging Conference. The university was supplied with a PONSSE Simulator designed for the modern training of forest machine operators.

Ponsse President and Chief Executive, Juho Nummela, with Ponsse North America Managing Director, Pekka Ruuskanen

“The University of Oregon is one of the leading universities providing forestry training in the USA,” Pekka Ruuskanen, Ponsse North America Managing Director, said. “The US market is handled by Ponsse North America, a subsidiary of Ponsse established in 1995, together with a local retailer and contract maintenance network.”

APRIL / MAY 2014 | International Forest Industries 79

Expo Forest 2014 - Brazil Mogi Guaรงu Sรฃo Paulo State, Brazil

IFI_PGS06_23_01 21/01/2014 11:18 Page 6


Crane company Cranab mobi in major structural deal

Swedish Crane manufacturer Cranab is making one biggest-ever structural deals in the forest technolog and creating a group with products for the entire ch scarification to clear cutting


wedish Crane manufacturer Cranab is making one of the biggest-ever structural deals in the forest technology industry and creating a group with products for the entire chain from scarification to clear cutting. The purpose of the deal is to create an internationally competitive group with forest technology offerings throughout the entire chain from scarification to clear cutting. Other motives include increased production and exports and the company’s wish to pursue its already established path towards eco-driven, innovative product development. Taken overall, this structural deal

means that Cranab, via its subsidiaries, will add some 50 employees bringing the total to about 200 and increase its sales by approximately SEK100 million (€11 million) to around SEK350 million (€40 million). Part of the deal consists of Swedish world-leader Bracke Forest becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cranab. Bracke Forest manufactures machines for forest regeneration and felling and has production facilities in Bräcke outside Östersund, Sweden. Another part of this deal is that the Italian Fassi Group, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of truck cranes, will become a new

sharehold Group’s o Bergamo, In addi Ekonord a will inves through Z three Swe companie Chairm Eliasson a will remai Cranab. “With t more com a broader forestry a by greate environm

John Deere Forestry working on its Fr John Deere Forestry is seeking to restructure its sales territories of forest machinery in France. This move has been triggered by the insolvency and liquidation of the former sales partner for eastern, northern and parts of central France, Forêt Materiel Assistence (FMA). FMA has been involved in insolvency proceedings since 17 Apri 2013. The liquidation proceedings were instigated on 2 October 2013. In future, therefore, Bouchard Forêts in

Saint-Brice will be taking over sales of John Deere forest machinery in northern France. On it’s production lines Deere is concentrating on introducing more fuel efficient forestry machineries thereby hinting on a better improving fuel economy on Forestry Swing Machine with an updated pump/management system and fuel economy kit for existing models. When operating in high-power mode, these

Meet the IFI Team at Expo Forest 2014 - Brazil 6 International Forest Industries | DECEMBER 2013/JANUARY 2014

All the ladies featured appeared at Expo Forest 2011

upgraded marked im economy productiv gains for “With f running a now more loggers,” product m Deere Con “The enha Swing Ma


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Prime Tech. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

FAE ����������������������������������������������������14

Rayco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Fecon������������������������������������������������� 11

Rottne�������������������������������������������� OBC


Finn METKO ��������������������������������������� 6

Select Saw����������������������������������������16

Western USA (MT, ID, OR,WA) & Canada

Halco Software Systems����������������� 43

Söderhamn Eriksson����������������������� 25

Indexator ����������������������������������������� 55

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US Mid-West, Central & Mountain

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Terra Source ������������������������������������17

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Tigercat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

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Timber Processing & Energy Expo����IBC

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Western USA (AZ, CA, NV, UT) Australia, & New Zealand CONTACT: George Roman Roy McDonald Associates, Inc 4779 Luna Ridge Court, Las Vegas NV 89129, USA Tel: +1 (702) 515 7247 Fax: +1 (702) 515 7248

CONTACT: Bob Warren Lansdowne Media Services Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 777 Fax: +44 (0)1442 870 617

CONTACT: Kevin Lapham J.P.Media Inc 1163 E.Ogden Ave, Ste. 705-359 Naperville IL 60563, USA Tel: +1 (630) 420 9752 Fax: +1 (630) 420 9763 Email:

South America CONTACT: Ricardo Cortés Editec S.A. Avda del Cóndor 844 Of. 205, Cuidad Empresarial Huechuraba, Santiago, Chile Tel: +56 2 757 4200 Fax: +56 2 757 4201 Email:

80 International Forest Industries | APRIL / MAY 2014




Level Headed Approach to

Land Clearing


a brand of FAE Group


BRON Mulcher

BRON 475 Mulcher with SEPPI Mulching Head

Leveling everything in their paths are BRON mulchers - grinding trees, brush and stumps into fine mulch, quickly and easily. Low ground pressure and powerful hydraulics are standard on all models, ranging from 275 hp to 700 hp.

Richardson Service_Frances Marion tree thinning

Seppi Midiforst dt 225 Mulcher on the Bron 275 was a perfect combination on a tree thinning project in the Frances Marion National Forest in Huger, SC. The Bron handled flawlessly on the saturated ground while the Seppi Midiforst dt 225 is an easily manueverable and very efficient mulching head. This video was brought to you by Richardson Service and Seppi Partners LLC

BRON 275 Mulcher with Seppi Midiforst Mulching Head

Can Your Tractor Do This in 10 mins?

Fecon, Inc FTX600

Introducing Fecon’s all-new “FTX 128L High Performance” forestry mulcher! Visit or call 1-800-528-3113 for more information. This 128 horsepower mulching machine was designed and built from the ground up right here at our Lebanon, Ohio, USA factory to deliver the highest performance and greatest fuel efficiency in its class.

The FTX600 is Fecon’s flagship tractor. This tractor brings the best combination of cutting performance, track power, ground pressure and serviceability in the 600hp class of mulching machines.

FTX148L Forestry Mulcher - Mulching Machine - Fecon - Bull Hog

RTC22/500-8 - Pine Trees

Attached to a Fecon FTX148 Mulching Machine, the Bull Hog Forestry Mulcher is perfect for clearing trees and brush. Bull Hog attachments excel at clearing right-of-way, lines of site, invasive species and fire breaks as well as many other in Forest applications.

Fecon’s® RTC22 is a purpose built mobile chipping system like no other. This dedicated carrier is specifically designed for chipper weight, center of gravity, and serviceability. The high mobility of the RTC22 is welcomed on remote jobsites that could be hard to get to with other vehicles. With a top speed of 12 miles per hour, the RTC22 is three times faster to the job.

You will find unmatched versatility, power, and durability from the FeconFTX 148 Mulching Machine. Jobs normally requiring 2 or 3 pieces of equipment can now be completed with just one due to the machines’ high versatility and rate of production.

Bandit visits R.J. Nathe & Sons

Parker Kligerman visits Bandit 2013

Bandit visits R.J. Nathe & Sons on a job site near Ocala, Florida to see how their Bandit Whole Tree Chipper Model 3590 is working for them.

NASCAR Nationwide Series Driver Parker Kligerman visits Bandit Industries and gets behind the wheel of a few other machines.

Bandit Model 2400 XP (24” Disc-Style) Whole Tree Chipper

Operations looking for a high production chipper with a large chipping capacity should take a look at the Model 2400. The Model 2400 is designed for those land clearing operations whose main goal is production, and those loggers looking to produce a high quality, dimensional chip. Like the Model 1900, the 2400 features a five feed wheel system that gives this unit unmatched crushing and pulling power. To aid in this capability, the 2400 features a Caterpillar or Cummins 700 horsepower engine.

Revolution Cutter Wheel

The Bandit Revolution stump grinder cutter wheel is now standard issue for all new Bandit stump grinders, and it’s available as a retrofit for older machines. Don’t have a Bandit stump grinder? No problem—this amazing wheel is also available for a wide range of other stump grinder makes and models so you too can be part of the Revolution.

848H Skidder

King of the Hills

With industry-leading axles, super sturdy frames, and innovative options like dual-mode steering, the H-Series skidders continue John Deere’s unwavering dedication to being the leader in the woods.

Neiman Enterprises has emerged to become the leading forest products company in the Black Hills region.

2013 John Deere 843K Feller buncher at Forestry First 05-02-13

Road Map to Success

This 2013 model Deere 843K is working in Pine Plantation. We filmed this cutter working on a second thinning job where the stems are 6 inches or so average, many less. This feller buncher is very impressive. The owner has been pleased with fuel consumption and the speed and power of this feller buncher is more than adequate in his thinning and logging operations. The operators are also making positive comments about the cab interior which has recently been much improved. The old steering column is gone and it opens everything up in terms of visibility and space for your legs. If you have not sat in one of these you should do yourself a favour and hop into one.

Fleet management systems have put Mid Atlantic Tree Harvesters “on the map�.

6600 Track Wood Hog

Morbark 5048 Drum Chipper

Morbark 6600 Track Wood Hog. Footage taken at the 2013 Morbark Demo Days.

Morbark 5048 Drum Chipper equipped with a 10 knife Advantage 3 drum and a Cat C-27 1050hp diesel engine. Footage taken at the 2013 Morbark Demo Days.

Morbark, Inc. I Make America

3200 Wood Hog Demo Days May 2013

Aimed at wood and green waste recycling applications, the Morbark 3200 Wood Hog is a compact and aggressive unit. A smaller, lighter, and more affordable unit with all of the benefits of our larger grinders, the 3200 can handle green waste, regrind, sawmill residue, pallets, and logs up to 14� in diameter ease. Available as a tracked unit for greater mobility or with electric power, the 3200 can be built with Morbark’s most popular options.

4300B Drum Chipper Making Micro Chips

s5710C horizontal grinder with Terra Select S6 E Star Screen

The new Peterson 4300B drum chipper has been updated for 2014 with new features that high-volume biomass chippers demand. The 4300B can be equipped with either a 6-pocket (to make standard biomass chips) or 12-pocket (to make microchips) drum depending on your material needs.

A Peterson 5710C horizontal grinder feeds ground wood pallets into a Terra-Select S6-E star screen. The three fraction Terra Select S6-E sorts the ground material into fines, accepts and overs. Both machines are ideal for processing mulch, compost, or other organic material.

6700B Mid-Speed Grinder

5710C Pallet Grinding

This Peterson 6700B horizontal grinder is equipped with our new Mid-Speed C&D package, and is doing primary grind in surplus railroad ties. The second grinder (a Peterson 4710B) is processing the material to meet the product spec which is being used for energy production.

This Peterson 5710C horizontal grinder is grinding pallets for mulch production in Indiana. The machine uses a cross belt magnet to pull the nails from the material (watch for a follow-up video on this process soon!)

The Mid-Speed C&D package is designed for highly contaminated material and features several new innovations that have not been seen on high-speed horizontal grinders before. This operation is seeing consistent 300+ tons per hour of production in this material.

The 5710C is Peterson’s latest generation of high production track grinders. Powered by the Caterpillar C27 or C32 engine at 1050 horsepower, this grinder provides the highest power to weight ratio of any Peterson grinder. At approximately 83,000 pounds (37650 kg) the 5710C was designed for operations requiring high production and frequent moves between jobs.

Tigercat TH575 mixed stand in Nova Scotia

KBM, Chile: Infield chipping

Tigercat TH575 harvesting head on a Tigercat H855C carrier in a mixed stand in Nova Scotia. E&R Langille Contracting Ltd. owns four TH575 heads. The company cites long-term durability and multi-stemming capability as primary advantages. E&R Langille’s original TH575 was purchased in 2007 and has over 21,000 operating hours.

KBM, Chile infield eucalyptus chipping operation featuring a Tigercat 860C feller buncher, two Tigercat 630D skidders and a Peterson-Pacific flail/chipper. Get the full story in Between the Branches, November 2013. BTB is available online, by subscription or at your local Tigercat dealer.

880 logger in Pacific northwest

Bull Creek: LH822C

The Tigercat 880 logger in a high production shovel logging (hoe chucking) application in western Washington.

Montana-based Bull Creek Forestry operating a new Tigercat LH822C harvester in a selective felling application. Get the full story in the July 2013 issue of Between the Branches.


Skotare ROTTNE F13C

Rottne F18

Vermeer BC700XL Brush Chipper

HG6000 Horizontal Grinder

Vermeer continues to respond to the demands of the rental, landscape and tree care professionals with the BC700XL brush chipper. The smallest machine in the Vermeer brush chipper line, the BC700XL design is based on operator feedback and focuses on productivity advantage and ease-of-use. The brush chipper features a centrifugal clutch system, 25 horsepower (18.6 kW) Kohler EFI engine, bottom feed stop bar and Vermeer exclusive SmartFeed feed-sensing control system. The new member of the chippers line offers the compact size operators are looking for and the performance they want to achieve a job efficiently.

Process wood waste efficiently with the HG6000 horizontal grinder. Get started with the touch of a button to activate the microprocessor-controlled HPTO clutch. Fifth-wheel towing configuration provides mobility, and the openended, extra-wide feed table allows you to load wood waste over the side. State-of-the-art wireless remote lets you operate the machine from up to 300’/91 m away.

HG8000TX Horizontal Grinder

HG4000TX Horizontal Grinder

The HG8000TX horizontal grinder from Vermeer boasts the largest infeed opening in its class, helping to increase your productivity and expand job possibilities. Powered by a 950-hp (708.4 kW) CAT Tier 2 engine, this unit handles big diameter wood and large, brushy debris with ease. Plus, its innovative design incorporates several features to help reduce material spillage and jobsite cleanup time. The HG8000TX is equipped with a tracked undercarriage with 28” (71.1 cm) wide double or triple-grouser track pads. Designed to tackle tough jobs, the HG8000TX enables productivity for the long-haul.

Take the self-propelled HG4000TX horizontal grinder to tough jobsites. With its 20”/51 cm double grouser track pads, high ground clearance and sealed rollers, it can get into remote areas easily, without material building up in the track system. A fully enclosed engine helps reduce noise. Infeed over-pressure/auto-reverse function reduces jams. Extra-wide, 48”/122 cm V-cleat discharge conveyor neatly discharges processed material from the machine.

a brand of FAE Group

PT-175: the most compact and manoeuvrable PrimeTech model.

Breaking new ground with PrimeTech’s PT-400

Equipped with a Cummins QSB4.5, 4.5 L turbocharged and aftercooled engine with 4 in-line cylinders and 160 hp, PT-175 is the most compact and lightweight vehicle of the PrimeTech range of tracked carriers. PT-175 is designed to perform light to medium duty work in the forestry sector. One of its strong points lies in its dimensions, which enable it to work on sites with width restrictions (<= 1750 mm). PT-175 is mainly used for vegetation management, for cleaning undergrowth, cutting and eliminating bushes and shrubs and for cutting seismic lines. The PT-175 is also an impressively innovative mulcher, built around cutting-edge technology with easy access to all components, thanks to a fully tilting engine hood, hinged side doors and swing-out rear winch that opens effortlessly for daily maintenance of the vehicle.

The exceptionally high productivity of the PT-400 is provided first and foremost by the perfectly synchronized engine and hydraulic system that reaches a high level of efficiency. The 12.5 l CAT C13 engine with 415 hp below the bonnet caters for the necessary reserves of power. The oscillating undercarriage and the perfect distribution of masses reduce strain to the structure and provide better control of the vehicle. The spacious and soundproofed cabin helps the operator to work better and with greater precision. It has a series of comforts including the ergonomic position of the seat, the ease use of joysticks and an efficient air conditioning system. Reliability, low maintenance costs and consumption, high performance, low ground pressure, comfort and safety: these are the reasons for choosing PT400 for land clearing/mulching!

PT-300: PrimeTech’s top-of-the line unit for forestry mulching and more

PrimeTech PT-600: Power, performance, productivity for land clearing/mulching!

The flagship PT-300 model, powered by a John Deere 6068HF485, 6.8 L turbocharged and aftercooled engine with 6 in-line cylinders and 275 hp, recently underwent a major design overhaul. Key technical improvements included: A brand-new cab “more head room” (fully tilting and equipped with LED headlights and a flatfaced front windshield instead of the curved windshield of previous models); New Berco-quality D4 oscillating undercarriage with ground clearance increased by 6cm/2”: from 40cm/16” to 46 cm/18”; Optimized easy access to all components for easy maintenance and more.

The PT-600, equipped with a Cummins QSX15 turbocharged in line 6 cylinder diesel engine producing 600 hp, has been designed to work in the most extreme and severe of working conditions and for the toughest jobs, guaranteeing maximum productivity and high performance. Like all the other PrimeTech models, the PT-600 guarantees the same exceptional levels of manoeuvrability and agility even on extremely difficult terrain thanks to its oscillating undercarriage, to the low ground pressure and to the machine’s exceptional load distribution and balance.



Comact GradExpert

Comact Stacker

Comact Log 3D Scanning

Comact Transverse 3D Board Scanner

Integrated Log Loader

MyMill™ - Changing the way you work

USNR’s Integrated Log Loader is positioned at the last step in the log feeder, and precisely manages the gap between logs.

MyMill is a new software suite developed by USNR that enables mill personnel to interact with mill equipment using mobile devices, such as iPads and iPods. This new mobile functionality will change the landscape of today’s modern mills.

6-Deck Jet Veneer Dryer - time lapse construction

Murray Timber 4-sided canting log breakdown line

This new 6-deck jet veneer dryer, located at Martco, Chopin, LA, is the largest dryer to date in the southern yellow pine region. This dryer will accomplish the equivalent production of two dryers, reducing labor costs by one-half. At the same time it will reduce thermal energy consumption by 10%, and exhaust fugitive emissions by 15%.

This mill is located in Ireland.

The dryer was erected off-line, and once complete it was towed into place and connected to all services under a projected expedited schedule. This allowed Martco the advantage of choosing the optimum time to disrupt its production schedule to install the additional capacity, and allowed the plant to utilize the existing building structure to house the new dryer.

Sweep reducing

Log positioning

The importance of cant positioning is often overlooked. Only one infeed position will result in maximum product value. Deviation from this position will result in lower output. With a True Shape optimization system the best position is accurately determined.

Söderhamn Eriksson´s positioning system ensures the correct rotating position is maintained and carries out the side positioning which is calculated by the optimising system.

System Edger - versatile and reliable Bandsawing technology edger optimizer

Söderhamn Eriksson´s edging systems with high capacity and maximum yield generates the most valuable product out of each board.

Söderhamn Eriksson´s bandsaws offer the highest accuracy, very thin kerf, short built-in length, easy to set and efficient curve sawing of cants.

- Systems for all capacity requirements - Highest capacity on the market - Designs for unmanned operation - High resolution scanning on both sides of the board - Unlimited edging options - Split and reject modules

- High-strain bandsaws with high accuracy at highest feed speed - Saw kerf 3 mm or less - Reducer band saw combinations with 2,3 or 4 bands - Resaw combinations with 1 to 4 saw bands - Feed speeds up to 180 m/min


MiCROTEC CTLOG Virtual Grading

Inline Moisture Meter: - Determines accurately moisture content of lumber - Works in lineal and in transversal transport - Measures contactless and independently of environmental influences and conveyor speed - Sorts automatically lumber based on individual quality parameters - Fits in any production line - Features open interface standards for transparent data exchange - Enables easy and intuitive control on touchscreen

Full digital stem and log description 3D analysis of wood defects virtual breakdown virtual grading value optimisation


CT.LOG and Viscan.XL - Full value optimisation

First class Strength (Stress) Grading integrated with inline density meter: - Determines accurately and reliably MOE/MOR of lumber - Grades lumber non-destructively, optically and independently of interfering ambient conditions such as noise - Works at a repeat accuracy of over 99 % - Grades at your production pace in transversal transport - Is a worldwide accredited stress grading solution - Maximizes recovery in combination with other MiCROTEC systems, such as GOLDENEYE - Complies already to the main grading standards

Published on Oct 4, 2012 Highspeed Computer Tomography (2m/s) For Stems and Logs Diameter up to 650mm Digital stem and log description Continuous, qualitative and 3D log reconstruction Virtual breakdown and grading Value optimisation

Industrial Sawmill Business Spotlight SLP2 at LIGNA - Ohio Valley Veneer

For six years, Ed Robbins struggled to make his high grade lumber mill profitable. Finally he turned to Wood-Mizer industrial thin-kerf headrigs and his employees thought he was crazy... See what happened in the video.

Wood-Mizer debuts the SLP2 (Small Log Processing system) at Ligna 2013, in Hanover. Thin-kerf blades and higher automation result in a profitable combination.

WM4000 ENG

WM1000 with new hydraulic system

WM4000 – Wood-Mizer’s latest thin-kerf headrig.

WM1000 – Break down big logs accurately and efficiently with a 1.7 metre (67”) center capacity cut.

Grade Scan 2013/2014

The Westervelt Story

True-Q Patented Board Tracking System








Our forwarder range, from the versatile F10B to the powerful F18, satisfies all the marketâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s needs from light thinning to demanding final felling. We offer you a forwarder range, manufactured in Sweden, of the highest quality, know how, and a warm welcome.



PHONE +46 470 75 87 00

1783 ifi mag april may digital  

International Forest Industries.Magazine with Video

1783 ifi mag april may digital  

International Forest Industries.Magazine with Video