School of Law
President: Joseph A. O'Hare. S.J. Dean: John D. Feerick, Esq. Lincoln Center New York, New York
Collins Auditorium on th e Rose Hill Campus , fir st ho me of Fordham Law School. The Law School opened in Septembe r 1905 t o thirt ee n students. The Bronx at th a t time was a boro ugh of rolling farml a nd and scattered villages.
T 0 R y
Besieged by applications from World War II veterans returning home. the School again moved to larger quarters in 1943. 302 Broadway was the Law School's home for nearly two decade s.
By 1915 extraordinary growth necess itated moving the Law School to the Woolworth Building, then the tallest building in the world. Tuition wa s $180 per annum. Life at the Law School was int e rrupt ed s hortly th e reafter by America's entry into World War I.
The noma di c exis tence of the Law Sc hool ended in 1968 with th e co nst ru cti o n of its ow n building on Co lumbu s Avenue a nd 62nd S tree t. Note th e ex iste nce of 6l st Street and th e a bse nce of Lowen ste in and Lincoln Ce nt er. -.
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T he new building was o pened in 1961 with a dedication speech by Robert Kenned y, A tt orney Genera l of the United States.
The Hon orab le Willi am H. Mulligan, Dean of the Law School from 1956-1971 ; C urrent D ea n J o hn D. Feerick; The Honorabl e Joseph M. McLaughlin, Dean of th e Law Sc ho o l from 1971-1981.
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A new wing of the law School was completed in October 1984. Key note speaker at this dedication was Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
Prof. Charles N. Whelan, S.J. Cons1i1utional La11路, Legal Wri1ing
Prof. Maria Marcus Crimes. Discover!". Federal Couns
Prof. Constantine N. Katsoris Accouming .for Lm1Ters. Taxa1ion. fa1a1e Planning
Lefi: Prof. H. Hansen, Constitutional Law, Patents, Copyrights & Trademarks. Righi: Prof. John D. Calamari, Contracts.
Prof. Gail D. Hollister Tons. Legal Wriling
Prof. David Schmudde Taxa1ion
Prof. Joseph Perillo Con1rac1s. Legal Process. Conflic1s, Remedies
Prof. Joseph C. Sweeney Admiralty, American Constit. Hist orl', Intl. Bus. Transactions, Torts
Prof. G. Bundy-Smi th Trial Advocan路
Prof. H. Hadji ya nnakis Contracts, Comm. Transactions
Prof. Martin Fogelman Corporations
Prof. R. Babitt &nkruptcy
Prof. Jack Ford Trial Adl'Dcaci路
Standing: Very Rev. Joseph O'H a re, S.J. President of Fordham Universit y. Semed: Dean John D. Feerick; Prof. Robert Kaczo rwsk i
LRfi: P rof. D. Ba tts. Property. Domesti c relations, Fed. Pretrial Practice. Righi: Prof. D. Abrams Securities Regulation. Civil Procedure
Prof. Earl Philips Property. Domes1ic Rela1ions
Prof. A. Abramovsky Criminal Law & Procedure
Prof. E. ~cGonagle Decedents Estates, Admin. Law
Prof. Barry Hawk Antitrust, EEC Competition, Law, Federal Courts
Prof. James Cohen Litigation Skills
Prof. Carl Felsenfeld Bankruptcy, Comm. Finance, Co.mm. Paper
Prof. G. Vairo Civil Procedure, Federal Courts, Complex Litigation, Legal Writing
Prof. R. Vorspan Director of Legal Writing
Prof. Bruce A. Green Evidence, Prof Responsibility, Constitutional Problems in Criminal Procedure
Prof. A. Siano Trial Advocacy
Prof. Bruce Mclanahan Employment Discrimination 10
Prof. Donald L. Magnetti Legal Process. Torts. Trusts
Prof. P. Putzel Trial Advocacy
Prof. J. Johnston Trial Advocacy
Prof. Michael Madison Property, Real Estate Financing
Prof. Carolyn Gentile Labor Law, Employee Benefits, Prof: Responsibili1y
Prof. T. Fitzpatrick Trial Advocacy
Prof. F. Neustadt Legal Writing
Prof. Andrew Sims Conslitutional Law, Mass Media Law, Entertainment Law
Prof. Donald Sharpe Taxation, Estate Planning
Prof. Robert Zinman Adv. Conveyances, Comm. Financing
Prof. Nolan-Haley Mediation & the Law, Small Claims Crt. Mediation Clinic
Administration and Faculty: (front row) Prof. Fogelman, Ass't Dean Hanlon, Assoc. Dean Byrn, Dean Feerick, Ass't 0 Capra, Vairo, Quinn, Calamari, and Hawk; (1hird ro w) former Ass't Career Planning Dir. Hurry, Prof. Chiang, Dir. of Adr Writing Dir. Vorspan; (four1h ro11) Profs Abramovsky, Kaczorowski, Abrams, Nolan-Haley, Zinman, Schmuddle, Whe Felsenfeld, Ass't Dean Reilly, Financial Aid Dir. McGough, Prof. Davies. 12
ore and Yo ung, Profs Daly a nd Marcus; (seco nd row) CLE Dir. Kap la n, Profs Hadjiya nna kis, Gentile, Smith, Katosris, ulhvan, Profs Martin, McLaughlin, Teclaff, Phillips, Magnetti, S.J ., Asst. Dea n Provost. Profs Sweeney, Yorio, Legal ' Farrelly, Ca reer Planning Dir. Vecchio, Profs Hubba rd , Freilicher, McGonagle, a nd Sims: (fifih row) Profs Cohen. 13
Judith O'Sulliva n Director of Administration
Loretta Richardson Regis1rar's Office
Valerie Richards Regis1rar's Office
M. Hrycyn Seely. in Dean Feerick'.~ Office
D. Grimaldi Seely. lo Alumni Affairs Office
P. Roelig Con1inuing Legal Educa1ion
S . Santangelo Admin. Ass!. 10 Assoc. Dean Byrn
• • •
In April 1987, New York Governor Mario Cuomo appointed Dean Feerick Chairman of the Commission on Government Integrity. The Commission was created by Executive Order and investigates corruption in the administration of government and determines the adequacy of laws. regulations and procedures relating to government integrity. Announcing the appointment, Gov. Cuomo said he was grateful to Dean Feerick for agreeing to lead the Commission. "His years of practice as one of New York's leading law firms, his record as an impartial but vigorous fact finder , his role in the state and city Bars' work on ethics reform, his accomplishments as a determined advocate of reform , and his leadership of one of the state's great law schools all uniquely qualify him for the position ," the governor stated.
A DEDICATION We the class of 1988 dedicate our yearbook to Prof. Peter J. O'Connor. Prof. O'Connor joined the Fordham Law School faculty in 1974 following an impressive career in both the public and private sector. Prof. O'Connor served as an Assistant District Attorney under N. Y. DA Frank Hogan and as the Chief of the Appeals Bureau in the Queens County District Attorney's Office . He was a partner in the law firm of Keefee. Costikiyan & O'Connor. Prof. O'Connor received his B.A. and J.D. from Fordham and a LLM. from Harvard. He married the former Agnes Shaker in 1956. Mrs. O'Connor graduated from our law school in 1987. Prof. O'Connor has taught a variety of courses at Fordham including N. Y. Practice and Evidence. He is currently writing a book for Little Brown on N.Y . Motion Practice. The entire Fordham community gives special thanks to Prof. O 'Co nnor for his dedica ted service and friendship.
• • •
1987-88 GUEST SPEAKERS~ HONOREES
Dean Feerick with two recipients of the 1987 Dean's Medal of Recognition. On the left is Frances G. Berko '44, and on the right is Linda Young, former Assistant Dean of the Law School.
Guest Speaker Milton Gould of Shea & Gould speaks on Ethics in the Legal Profession.
The Honorable Warren Burger, former Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, visited the law school in January. 17
GUEST SPEAKERS ~ HONOREES
The Honorable Louis F. Powell, Jr. , former Justice of the United States Supreme Court received the 1987 Stein Prize.
The Hon. Robert J. Corcoran '57 Ct. App. of Arizona, 1987 Recipient of the Dean's Medal of Recognition.
Dean's Day Surrogate Parenthood Panel I. to. r.: Hon. Irene Duffy '57 NYS Family Court; Lorraine Abraham, Guardian to Baby M; Moderator Prof. Maria Marcus; Patricia Ferrari 75, Partner, Phillips Nizer.
The Honorable John F. Keenan , S.D.N.Y. (center left) receives the 1988 Dean's Medal of Achievement from James F. Gill '56, (center right) National Chairman of the Law Alumni Fund. Also pictured are James Tolan '62, President of the Alumni Association and Dean Feerick. 18
1987-88 GUEST SPEAKERS HONOREES
Theodore Sorenson, Special Counsel to President J. F. Kennedy with Thomas Suozzi of the Fordham Young Democrats.
Marion Wright Edelman. President of the Children's Defense Fund spea ks at the Law School.
The Honorable Sol Wachtler, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals was the Law School's October 1987 John F. Sonnet Memorial lecturer.
Dean's Day Law Enforcement / Criminal Justice Panel. I. to r.: Prof. Anthon y Siano; Moderator Prof. Thomas Fit zpatrick; Kevin B. Frawley 76 Commissio ner of NYC Dept. of Investigation; The Honorable Kenneth 0. Conboy; '61. S.D.N.Y. 19
~~ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES~~ 1-â€˘IF>F""'
EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE LAW REVIEW Sranding le.fr 10 righr: S. Van Dolsen; M. Kesaris; S. Sawyer; K. Braziller; D . Mcintyre; D. Adler; P. Hirschhorn; H. Banks; K. Smith; K. Sheridan. Seared left ro righr: C. Vance; J . Archer; J . Pucci; B. Friedma n; N. Weiss.
EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE MOOT COURT BOARD Sranding leji ro righr: I. Fein, Ass. Mulligan Editor; M. Sullivan, Trian Ad Editor; E. Spodeck, Ass. Wormser Editor; P. Carter, Mulligan Editor; M. Carroll, Wormser Editor; J . Hering, Business Editor. Sear ed le.fr ro righr: T. Koger, Editor-In-Chief; C. Witschel , Managing Editor; J . Gasior, Interschool Editor. No r Picrured: P. Alley, Kaufman Editor; B. Flynn, Ass. Kaufman Editor.
WAGNER TEAM Lefi ro right: J. Tranfo; D. Rella; A. Venturini.
Standing: Y. Green; M. Morrison. Seated: M. Araujo.
Le.ft to right: S. Marotta; M. Cleary; L. Sklar.
NATIONAL TEAM left to right: G. Ha rris; L. Craco; S. Lovett.
JESSUP TEAM Le.ft to right: F. Sharp; L. Eldridge; M. Perez,
J . Peloso. 21
INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL
EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE INTERNATIONAL LAW JO URNAL Left to right: A. Stein; P. Allen; J. Stronski ; A. Filiato; S. Colesanti; P. McGonagle; G. Harris; M. Schwimmer; C. Botticelli; M . Masso ff; A. Khosla; A. Plakins; J. LiCalzi; P. Carter; P. Getzels.
INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL STAFF MEMBERS Left to right seated: J. Peloso; J . Gregory; S. Craig; J. Freid ; L. Eldridge; D. Hartheime r, M. Ende; R. Fanelli; H. Bender. Left to righ t standing: M. Perez; L. Milo ne ; G. Chang; J . Morriso n-Sinclair; M. Miller; B. Cravenus; B. Valentine; D. Benjamin; E. Acer; R. Cove .
EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE URBAN LAW JOURNAL Standing left to right: M. Giordano; L. Kamerman; S. Winicour; J. Brown; G. Parsells; R. Lendino; E. Brecher; C. Handler; D. McGee; E. Lesser; D. Papier. Seated left to right; L. Beck; F. Kessler; D. Mumery; S. Zeligson.
URBAN LAW JOURNAL STAFF MEMBERS Back row: J . Jeon; J . Ezratty; L. Cirincione; K. Mainelli ; J. Meye r; C. Loo; F. Martin ; M. Schechter; R. Trostle; E. Case; A. Maloney; K. Jankoski; S. Johnston. Front row sitting: J . Michael; M. McEnroe; W. McTighe; N. Eckstein.
LAW JOURNAL~~ 23
~~ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES ~~
LEGAL WRITING PROGRAM Left to right: T. Brier; J. O'Donnell, Director of Legal Writing; R. Vorspan; G. Hwang; D. Papier; J. Fried; M. Wood; R. Hill; S. Lum; J. Gasior; M. Giordano. Not pic1ured: T. Brog; J. Boyle; P. Cane; G. Cerbone; A. Cheng; C. Di Domenico; V. Green; C. Hagan; L. Hollenbeck; C. Davis; M. Manuelian; J. Serocke; D. Smith; M . Wood .
SMALL CLAIMS MEDI ATION CLINIC Front Row Silting; Camelia Rodriguez
Firs! Row Standing: (from left to right) Paul Brite; Charles Hammerman; Joanne Sarro; Daniella Quitt; Brenda Cohen; Mary McManus; and Joan Brown.
Second Row Standing: (from left to right) Richard Finning; Eric Alderma n; Nicholas Chrysanthem; Chris Gulotta; and Angelo Mazza.
~~STUDENT ACTIVITIES~~ YEARBOOK STAFF
LR/i to right: C. Rodriguez; Y. Montague; M. Giordano; R. Gill (Editor); G. Raio; E. Acer. Not shown: J. Molanphy; J. Lilly.
J . Paik; R. Bogle
~~ STUDENT ACTIVITIES ~~ N\~•Alli
1~•"'Y'lf ...... ..,......,m<ilf -
ADVOCATE EDITORS Lefi to righ1: B. McTighe; D. McGetrick; M. McEnroe; P. McCaffery; S. McJenkins; R. McLewis. Now shmrn: M. McBrien; T. McCarthy.
FOLLIES WRITERS: Lefi to righ1: M. Ragovin; D. Teebor; E. Acer (Director); S. Colesanti; K. Karavellas (Director): J. Sullivan; R. Bogle (Director). 26
Joe Cerra and Barbara Flynn add a new twist to bobbing for apples.
Jack Flynn with Scott Colesanti.
Blue Moon - Fordham's Answer to David & Maddie. (Martin Mansfield & Mara Schechter) Jeff Landau & Mark Pawlowski.
The Grand Finale!
B 0 A T R I D E
D E 35
T A N G
T A N TANG 37
Ju.vrttttt QfDttrl ltf t4t 1tnittb Jtatt.s~ulttngton, 1J.
CH .. MBERS OF"
.JUSTICE SANDRA DAY O'CONNOR
November 5, 1987
Ms. Rose A. Gill Fordham Law School Lincoln Square New York, New York 10023 To the class of 1988:
The Law School Class of 1988 will emerge in a world which needs legal services as much or more than ever. We live in a complex and highly regulated society. The first obligation of a lawyer is to know the substantive law and to analyze and resolve legal problems. That presumably is what you have been doing the last three years. But lawyers must do even more than know the law and the art of practicing it. They need, as well, to develop a consciousness of their moral and social responsibility to their clients, to the courts in which they appear, to the attorneys and clients on the other side of an issue and to others who are affected by the lawyer's conduct. A great lawyer is always mindful of the moral and social aspects of the lawyer's power and position as an officer of the court. My wish for you in the Class of 1988 is that you will try to leave the world a little better than you found it on your arrival; that you will use your talent and legal education to h elp those who need it and in ways which will make all of us in t he legal profession proud of your efforts. Sincerely,
~~u~ Sandra Day O'Connor
Eric R. Alderman
Helene R. Banks
Jean Barish 41
Richard J. Battista
Robert A. Bauer
Lisa R. Beck
Ellen V. Bellet 42
Gabriel A. Benincasa
Brad N. Bernstein
David Bilkis 41
Somesh Bose 44
Robert L. Boyd
Joseph G. Bowe
Donna Bregg 45
Joan L. Brown
Nicholas E. Brusco
Michael J . Burke
John A. Cahill
Maeve E. Cannon
James J. Carroll
Mary M. Carroll
Paul E. Carter
Ted Case 48
Nicholas P. Chrysanthem
Dianne F. Coffino
Alan M. Cohen 49
Andrea Lee Cohen
J. Scott Colesanti 50
J. McGarry Costello
Lou Craco 51
Sandy A. Crawshaw
Richard J. Danyko
Robert M. Deadman 52
Nancy E. Delaney
Richard De Vita
Mary Anne Dickey
Kenneth Di Gia
Daniel M. Donovan, Jr.
Francis C. Dougan 54
Clara I. Duran
Peter Eichmann 55
Patrick J. Engle III
Stacey O'Haire Fahey
Bianca M. Farina 56
Paula J. Feinberg
Robin A. Fields
Anthony R. Filiato
Richard Finning 57
Barbara A. Flynn 58
Brian P. Flynn
Carl P. Fortuna, Jr.
Beth H. Friedman
Mark Frimmel 59
Matthew J. Furey
Marc A. Futterweit
Patricia Gandras 60
Daniel A. Gardella
John P. Gasior
Paul D. Getzels lil
Rose A Gill
Robert E. Godosky
Marti M. Granizo
Eugene Grimes 63
Joshua G. Grunat
Michael Guzzo 64
Richard G. Haddad
Gregory L. Harris 65
Michael Edward Helmer
t l ,. '
Philip L. Hirschhorn
Susan J acobs
Jill Ann Jaroff
Lawrence Kamerman 67
Robert D. Kasmire
Lawrence G. Keane
William T. Keavy
James E. Kellett 69
James D. Kelly
Frederick R. Kessler
Scott L. Kimmel
Laurence D. King
Antoinette F. Konski
Leonard A. LaBarbiera 71
Gregory Langan 72
Robert G. Lendino
f Maria T. Levin
Jonathan K. Levine
Madelyn Levy 71
Jacqueline 0. Li Calzi
Joseph H. Lilly
John Kirk Lind , Jr.
Steven T. Lovett
Harold W. Lueken
Julie A. Lumpkin
Lynn A. Lurie
Somendu E. Majumdar
Andrew J. Maloney 76
Robert P. Marley
Melinda J. Massoff 77
Mary Frances Matthews
Angelo E.P. Mazza 78
Patrick E. McCabe
Jane C. McConnell
Coleen A. McEvoy
Dawn H. McGee
Leo F. McGinity
Peter G. McGonagle 79
David C. Mcintyre
\ Joseph McLaughlin 80
Gilbert E. Mestler
Gregory P. Mitchel
Jane Molanphy 81
Valerie A. Montague
Richard M. Molot
Sean M. Moran
John J. Normile
Michael J. O'Brien
Elizabeth Melzer O'Shea
Jerry Padian 84
Joan Y. Paik
David J. Papier
Y. L. Linda Peng
Ingrid R. Pauley
Marjorie R. Philips 86
Ava M. Plakins
Fredda L. Plesser
Adam C. Powell
Jeanne F. Pucci
Michael J. Rant
Lauren P. Raysor-Bennett 88
Jaime M. Recabo
Thomas K. Reilly
Mary E. Reiner
Stacey Reinhardt 89
James A. Resila
Andrew A. Rivera
Camelia " Kim" Rodri guez
Neil L. Rock
Steven P. Rosini 91
C. David Sammons
David Sanderson 92
Ira M. Saxe
Sheila W. Sawyer
Mara E. Schechter
Mark J. Schirmer 93
John A. Schrynemakers
Martin Schwimmer 94
Lawrence M. Segan
John J. Shea
Regan A. Shulman
Mark S. Sidotti
Clarence Smith, Jr.
Louis M. Spizzirro
Ellen S podek
Susan A. Stark 97
Michael G. Steinberg
Am y Stein
James K. Stronski 98
Philip P. Sturges
Michael A. Sullivan
George R. Talarico 99
Christine J . Testaverde
Donna Troglio 100
Catherine A. Vance
Stephen Van Dolsen
Louis Vitali IOI
James F. Vivenzio
Leon Mark Weeks 102
Gale B. Wein
Jeffrey P. White
Noreen R. Weiss
Penny J. Winograd
Carol Witschel 103
John T. Wolak
Teresa Wyszo mierski
CAMERA SHY Peter Alley
Margaret McN ulty
FORDHAM LAW ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
"It was good for Fordham and for New York that we should build here and set our cornerstone in the heart of this 'tight little island,'" recalls University President Emeritus Laurence J. McGinley, SJ. In 1958, with visions of what the future might hold, he strolled across the nothingness that today is Fordham s Lincoln Center campus .
.. President .. . :........ ..... ........... ..... . ... ... ....... .................. James E. Tolan, Vice Presidents .................................................... Hon. Kevin T. Duffy, William P. Frank, Archibald R. Murray, Loretta A. Preska, Treasurer ... .. . ... .. . ... . ... .. .... ........ ........... . ............ ... .. . Frances M. Blake, Corresponding Secretary ...... .. ..... .... .. . .... ... .. . . . ...... .... . Marion I. Guilfoyle, Recording Secretary .............. ... .. . . . ... .. . ...... . .. ........ .. . Marjorie A. Quinn,
'62 '58 '66 '60 '73 '45 '45 '43
Best Wishes to the Class of 1988 111
CONGRATULATIONS To The Class of 1988 Swnle~r<fl>. ~ Cf,Slf, <fl>iJu?,cJ,oJv s~ 9Zu/un;,
Cf,Slf, d(~<fl>iJtecto;v cg Uca; CJ~ Cf,Slf, d(~ <fi>iJtectoJv
CONGRATULATIONS TO THE GRADUATES OF 1988 FROM
PRESIDENT JOSEPH A. O'HARE, SJ.
THE FORDHAM UNIVERSITY BOARD OF TRUSTEES
THOMAS F. X. MULLARKEY, CHAIRMAN THOMAS F. KANE, VICE CHAIRMAN JOHN W. DONOHUE, SJ., SECRETARY MICHAEL). SHEAHAN, EXEClffWE SECRETARY
FORDHAM UNIVERSITY DINING SERVICES
CONGRATULATIONS TO THE CLASS OF 1988!
CATHERINE C. LANG-ENGELHARDT
Senior Food Service Director RICARDO BLAGGROVE
Food Service Director
STEVEN PETTIT Food Service Manager
EVELYN A VELLUTO
(@FORDHAM ............·"'" Unnlemty
ALUMNI HOUSE • ROOM 325
113 WEST 60TH STREET NEW YORK, NY 10023
CONGRATULATIONS AND BEST WISHES TO THE CLASS OF 1988 Rev. Eugene J. O'Brien, S.J. Vice President of University Relations and
FORDHAM UNIVERSITY ALUMNI FEDERATION Joseph Arlotta Nicholas O'Neill John J. O'Connor 115
THE STUDENT BAR ASSOCIATION CONGRATULATES THE CLASS OF 1988 EXECUTIVE OFFICERS: President Vice President Treasurer Secretary
Michael DiChiaro Dean Obeidallah Mark lerardi Anne Galligan
CLASS OFFICERS: 4
Robert Deadman Marc Futterweit Susan Stark
Christine Cardi Patricia Curtin Paul Huck
David Atlas Richard Bogle Michael Burke Mary Carroll McGarry Costello Sharon Zuckerman
Jules (Ed) Pagano George Proios
Cathy DiDomenico Randy Elfenbein Dennis Grogan Robert Sellers Art Xanthos Astra Zibrin
/> Matthew Bender mm
Matthew Bender 8t Company, Inc.
11 Penn Plaza New York. NY 10001 212-967-7707
CONGRATULATIONS TO OUR
FORDHAM LAW CLERKS
AND THE REST OF THE GRADUATING CLASS OF 1988.
Times Mirror Books 117
FORDHAM UNIVERSITY DINING SERVICES
CONGRATULATIONS TO THE CLASS OF 1988!
FORDHAM UNIVERSITY LINCOLN CENTER CAMPUS 113 WEST 60TH STREET NEW YORK, NEW YORK 118
NINA DAUDER FOOD SERVICE MANAGER
FORDHAM LAW REVIEW VOLUME LVI
EDITORIAL BOARD CATHEltINE A . VANCE Editor-in-Ch~/
STEPHEN VAN DoLSEN
DAVID C . MCINTYltE
Writing cl Research Editor
Senior Articles Editor
HELENE R . BANXS
L . IC.EVIN SHDIDAN, lL
NOitEEN R . WEISS
BETH H. FRIEDMAN
SHEILA W . SA WYElt
Articles cl Commentary Editor
Articles cl Commentary Editor
DEREK J .T . ADLER
JUDITH A . AitCHER
KENNETH A . BRAZILLER
JEANNE F. Pucci Commentary Ediror
ASSOCIATE EDITORS JOHN F . CoNWAY MICHAEL A . Guzzo
PHILIP L. HlltSCHHOllN
STACI M . BERMAN JESSICA FORBES JOSHUA G . GRUNAT
JULIE A . LUMPUN JOSEPH McLAUGHLIN SEAN M . MoitAN NEILL ROCK
JOHN NAltDUCCf lllA M . SAXE
MEMBERS PAMELA ScHECHTElt MAity VAN Vo1tT GitECOltY W ALKElt
STAFF RONALD W . ADELMAN ADRIANE ANn.ER JEAN MILLS AllANHA MAUREEN F. BAKER STANLEY A. BoWKER, JR. ROBIN BoYLE PETE1t BllANDOw MEitEDITH BlllAXTON MrrcHELL BUitGElt JOSEPH L CALAMAIU PETE1t S. CANE GitECOltY B . CEltBONE JENNIFElt S. CHA!tWAT AUGUSTINE CHENG SUSAN M . CitEA VIN JULIA CoWLES JOHN G . CitOWLEY RICHAltD CitUMMINS MICHAEL DElt MANUELIAN
MAilLA E.IS1.AND ELLEN F . FIUEDMAN ELLEN S. FIUEDMAN WILLIAM GASKE MA1tCIA GitEENBLATT ANDitEW J. HINTON BAJUIAitA HOFFMAN BETH C. HOUSMAN Go1tOON HWANG JOCELYN JACOBSON ANDltEW P . KALufOUZJS
AMELIA M. KLEIN STEVEN LESTE&
AMY LEWJS AMY LIPPMAN ROBIN L!PsKY DUNCAN LocAN THOMAS A . LUCAitELU
SAllAH LUM SHA!tON L . McCAltTHY B1tUCE A . McGoVEllN MIHAL NAHARI JOHN J . O'DoNNELL ACHILLES M . PEltltY JILL C . RAFALOFF FELICIA A . ROSENFELD PATltlCK J . RYAN NANCY ScHUNI:
JEANNE c. SEltOCKE NINA J. SPIEGEL ROBEltT TICl:TIN CHAaLE5 R. V11tCINIA JOSEPH J . Vrriu.E LISA WALLACH KATHLEEN WALSH MAitTHA L . Wooo
KATHLEEN STEPHENS SMrrll
FORDHAM URBAN LAW JOURNAL VOLUME XVI
EDITORIAL BOARD Daniel R. Mummery Editor-in-Chief 路 Frederick R. Kessler Managing Editor Lisa R. Beck Senior Articles Editor Margaret Giordano Articles Editor
Sheryl Zeligson Writing & Research Editor Elliot Brecher Business Editor
Sheldon Winicour Articles Editor
David J . Papier Articles & Commentary
Joan L. Brown Commentary Editor
Carolyn B. Hand ler Commentary Editor
Dawn K. McGee Commentary Editor
Lawrence S. Kamerman Associate Editor
Robert G. Lendino Associate Editor
Eric B. Lesser Associate Editor
George Parsells Associate Editor
MEMBERS David Y. Atlas
STAFF Martha Applebaum Anne Love Barnett Edward Case Lauren J. Cirincione Jeffrey R. Cruz Edward Cuccia Owen F. Duffy Neil J. Eckstein Jaime D. Ezratty Christine Hagan Renee Hill Elyse Hilton Kathryn Jankowski Matthew J . Jeon Susan A. Johnston
Robert B. Kambic Lisa R. Kaplan Philippe D. Katz Jack Kaufman Edmund D. Kelly Eytan Kobre Irene Koch Antoinette F. Konski Donna E. Levy Christine Loo Kathryn Mainelli Andrew J . Maloney Frederick J. Martin III Ellen Matowik Mark T. McEnroe
William J. McTighe Lisa E. Meyer Jill A. Michael William G. Passannante Audrey M. Perlman Jeanmarie Ressa Mara E. Schechter Suzette Simon John A. Tripodoro Thomas R. Suozzi Richard S. Trostle Margaret Wynne Arthur P. Xanthos Sharon C. Yontef Elliot Zucker
Daniel J. Capra Faculty Advisor
EDITED BY THE STUDENTS OF THE FORDHAM UNI VERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW 漏 1988 by Fordham University School of Law
FORDHAM INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 11
BOARD OF EDITORS AVA MARION PLAKINS
Editor-in-Chief MARTIN B. SCHWIMMER Senior .-lrticles Editor
0 . LICALZI Research & Writing Editor
PAUL D . GETZELS
PETERj . Ar.u:N GREGORY
PAUL E. CARTER
J . ScoTT CoLESANTI
AMY R . STEIN
PETER G . McGONAGLE
ANTHONY R . fILIATO
Articles & Book Reviews Editor
Nol.es & Comments Editors ASSOCIATE EDITORS
MELINDA j . MASSOFF
ELEANOR A. ACER
RICHARD G . HADDAD
LAWRENCE M . SEGAN
DEAN S. BENJAMIN BRIAN j . B URNS
CARL STINE PETER A . STROILI ROBERT S . SUNSHINE BETH UNGER BRIAN K . VALENTINE DAVID
MRON R . MORRILL
AUREUA A . GEORGOPOULOS
j. MILLERjR. LYDIA A. MILONE
JOHN F .X . PELOSO
JOSEPH E . GREGORY
CHRISTINE A. MCGUINNESS
JODI E . FREID
CHERYL A . MATTHEWS
L UCY ELDRIDGE
GRAHAM] . DICKSON MICHAEL
MADELYN A . LEVY
SUSAN E. CRAIG ROBERT
KATHLEEN HIXSON BENJAMIN
w . CHANG
JAMES CECCHI GRACE
DAVID H . HARTHEIMER
STEPHEN J . VoUTSAs ALYSE WALKER DEBORAH WINOGRAD
FACULTY ADVISORS jOSEPH C. SWEENEY
LUDWIK A. TECLAFF
Professor of Law Fordham University
Professor of Law Fordham University
TO CAMELIA AMPARO MARCELINO-RODRIGUEZ AND THE CLASS OF 1988
NIHIL EST QUOD NON EXPUGENT PERTINAX OPERA, ET INTENTA AC DILIGENS CURA. Seneca, Epistu!tE ad Lucilium, Epis, sec. 6.
(There is nothing which persevering effort and unceasing and diligent care cannot overcome.)
CONGRATULATIONS AND BEST WISHES! LOVE, YOUR FAMILY 124
FORDHAM LAW SCHOOL 1988
FORDHAM LAW GRADUATES CLASS OF 1988
From the Advocate Editors & Staff
"Each lawyer must find within his own conscience the touchstone against which to test the extent to which his actions should rise above the minimum standards. But in the last analysis it is the desire for the respect and confidence of the members of his profession and of the society which he serves that should provide to a lawyer the incentive for the highest possible degree of ethical conduct." ABA Code of Professional Responsibility Preamble
With Congratulations And Best Wishes To The Class of 1988
THE ADMINISTRATION, FACULTY AND STAFF OF FORDHAM UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW
Lawyers know the law no better than other people; they only know where to find it. (attributed to George Ill)
l1£~ l1ITIBifil£llilf GOOD LUCK TO THE GRADUATES OF 1988 From the Fordham Law 'Library Staff
FORDHAM UNIVERSITY SHOP A Service of
Barnes & Noble
Congratulations to Kim Rodriguez &
THE CLASS OF 1988 Fordham University Graduate School of Social Services
Dear Bob Lendino, What a long hard road it's been, but now you can see the light ahead ... Milbank Tweed is getting the best!!! Congratulations With All Our Love, MOM & DAD & BABY
THE CLASS OF 1988 THANKS THE YEARBOOK PHOTOGRAPHERS d.a.s. studios 61-09 WOODBINE ST. RIDGEWOOD , NY 718-381-6648
VICTOR DURAN DON STANKUS
Full Service Photography
Sane Smith, Dr. Francis B. Gross, Larry DeSilva, Zodiac, Chuck Savage, Sardu, Flash and the Gang at Dave's 43rd, Angelo and Kenny, #546, The Boys at Fricky's Hideaway, Trim, Chuck Zito and the rest of the Angels, Busty Hart, Dr. Toussie, Akasha, Mr. Brown, Louis Cypher, The Widow Murphy, Freddie Krueger, Morris Winograd, all the Skillets at the Shortshop, Pogo the Clown, Joe Kallinger and the Total Gods, the Acid King, Mamarisse and Adolph Coors, not to mention a whole other group of undesirables, would like to congratulate Mark, Jerry and Paul on the purchase of their law degrees.
All's Well That Ends Well 129
Congratulations to the Class of 1988
BIBLIO JORIS, INC. Joe Cerra Joe Mclaughlin Jerry Padian
John Wolak Adele Freedman Brian Valentine
and BEST WISHES to
BEST WISHES To my brother. . .
JOSEPH HENRY LILLY Ill JOSEPH HENRY LILLY Ill Whose character, talent and commitment to the profession will make him an exceptional attorney and one who will go far. We are very proud . Your Family
He is the Best Robert
Fordham University School of Law 1988