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November-December 2007

The official publication of the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors

Bottles and Extras

Vol. 18 No. 6

Pure Poison Page 32

Glass Christmas Tree Ornaments Page 46

The Evolution of Santa Claus: The Artists and Soft Drink Bottlers Who Influendced His Appearance Page 48

Part III, November 22, 2007!

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007


The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors

Bottles and Extras

Vol. 18 No. 6

November-December 2007

No. 174

Table of Contents Bottle Buzz................................................2 Recent Finds..............................................4

Target Ball Collectors Catch Up - Collinsville FOHBC National Show is a great time to get together to talk (and talk, and talk, and...) Ralph Finch..........................................27

FOHBC Officer Listing 2006-2008............5 President’s Message...................................6 Regional Reports........................................7 Glass Bottle Cleaning Russ Parkin.................................15 Collecting Soda Pop Bottles: A Review Bill Baab................................20 Tale of Two Cities: The Cola Wars Bill Baab..................................18 Collinsville National Show Gene Bradberry...........................22

The Arabia Bottles Charles Harris.....................................28 Pure Poison Charles David Head.......................32 Baby Feeding in Early Photos Charles Harris.....................................34 Clap On...Clap Off? or The Dangers of Indiscretion Joe Terry........................................38 The Dating Game: The C.L. Flaccus Glass Co. Bill Lockhart, Pete Schulz, Carol Seer and Bill Lindsey...............40

Christmas Tree Ornaments Gene Bradberry............................46 The Evolution of Santa Claus: The Artists & Soft Drink Bottlers Who Influenced His Appearance Cecil Munsey.................................48 Have You Seen A Scalloped Flange Tumber? Part Two of Two Barry Bernas...........................54 North and South: Tales of Two Whiskey Men Jack Sullivan..........................61 Membership Information.........................67 Classified Ads and Ad Rate Information...68 FOHBC Show-Biz Show Calendar Listings............70

Monterey: An Enigma Bottle Harvey Teal...............................44

WHO DO I CONTACT ABOUT THE MAGAZINE? CHANGE OF ADDRESS, MISSING ISSUES, etc., contact the business manager: June Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083; Ph: (816) 318-0160 or E-mail: To ADVERTISE, SUBSCRIBE or RENEW a subscription, see PAGES 67-68 for DETAILS. To SUBMIT A STORY, send a LETTER TO THE EDITOR or have COMMENTS and concerns, Contact: Kathy Hopson-Sathe, Bottles and Extras Editor, 341 Yellowstone Drive, Fletcher, NC 28732 Phone: (423) 737-6710 or E-mail: BOTTLES AND EXTRAS © (ISSN 1050-5598) is published bi-monthly (6 Issues per year) by the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. (a nonprofit IRS C3 educational organization) at 401 Johnston Court, Raymore, MO 64083; Ph: (816) 318-0160; Website: Periodicals Postage Paid at Raymore, MO 64083 and additional mailing office, Pub. #005062. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Bottles and Extras, FOHBC, 401 Johnston Court, Raymore, MO 64083; Ph: (816) 318-0160. Annual subscription rate is: $30 or $45 for First Class, $50 Canada and other foreign, $65 in U.S. funds. The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. assumes no responsibility for products and services advertised in this publication. The names: Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., and Bottles and Extras ©, are registered ® names of the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., and no use of either, other than as references, may be used without expressed written consent from the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. Certain material contained in this publication is copyrighted by, and remains the sole property of, the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., while others remain property of the submitting authors. Detailed information concerning a particular article may be obtained from the Editor. Printed by J-2 Printing, North Kansas City, MO 64116.


November-December 2007

Bottle Buzz

News, Notes, Letters, etc. Send Buzz Notes to: Kathy Hopson-Sathe at: or write: Buzz Notes, 341 Yellowstone Drive, Fletcher, NC 28732

WML Stienke bottle I was working in Sheboygan , Wis., when I found a bottle with the name “WML Stienke / Sheboygan, Wi”on the front of it and a “S” on the bottom. I did some research and found out the bottle was made by William Franzen & Son, Milwaukee, Wis. This company was only around from 19001929. I would like more information on the bottle, or the company. The bottle is clear with a few small air bubbles like most glass in that era and is cracked on the bottom, but has no chips in it. Thank you, Matthew Stift Thank you Montana and Collinsville You just never know where your dream bottle will turn up. It was good fortune that allowed us to attend two bottle shows in succession. When my wife and I first visited Montana about twenty-five years ago, we thought it one of the world’s most beautiful places. Two to three visits annually since then has not dampened our enthusiasm. Montana collectors do not exactly live around the corner from each other, however, for the past roughly half-dozen years Ray Thompson, Tom Brackman, Bill Henness, their families and the other great Montana collectors have managed to put together a really nice show. It’s about a six-hour drive for us, but if we don’t find anything (we usually do), there’s always fly fishing (which we also usually do). After thirty years of looking, I was stunned to be offered an amber Paul Jeenicke, San Jose Hutch. Talk about making the trip worthwhile! Next years show will be in Butte, a city of great historical significance to the west and one that is fiercely proud of its Irish heritage. We are looking forward to August 2008! I also wish to thank the fine folks who hosted the Collinsville (Illinois) show. Once I get on the eastern side of the Mississippi, I’m lost. The host provided excellent directions and restaurant recommendations.

The facility was terrific and who couldn’t help but be impressed by the quality bottles and the opportunity to meet collectors from across the country? So again, thank you Montana and Collinsville. John & Debi Compton Brigham City, Utah Bottle stolen at Atlanta show recovered Thanks to an alert Atlanta collector, Dennis Smith of Buffalo, N.Y., has gotten his stolen bottle back. The 12-inch tall, label-under-glass fountain syrup bottle, which so far is one of a kind, was stolen from a box beneath Smith’s table at the Atlanta bottle show last Aug. 11. The blue label reads “Drink Celery=Cola / You’ll Like It.” Smith, an authority on Celery=Cola, had the bottle with him to include in his exhibit at the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors National Show in Collinsville, Ill. The Atlanta collector was making the rounds of tables at a local flea market when he spotted the bottle. The man who had the bottle in his booth reportedly said he had no idea how it ended up in his box. “I appreciate all of the concern from friends and fellow collectors,” Smith said. “The response I’ve received since posting notice of the theft reconfirms what I’ve always believed: the greatest thing about the bottle collecting hobby is the friends I’ve collected over the years.” announces a free tool for all eBay sellers to help potential customers easily locate their items on eBay with just a single click. The company introduces the Easy eBay Shortcut Link, a tool that allows eBay sellers to quickly share a link that potential buyers can use to view all their eBay auction items currently for sale. According to founder and eBay training guru Mike Enos, this tool is so simple that all it needs is an eBay

Bottles and Extras ID followed by, “For example, if your eBay ID is cooltoys, then you can tell people to see your eBay items on and that will display a list of all your items currently being sold on eBay,” he stated. “In the past, it has been very difficult to get people to find your (eBay) items because they have to click on multiple links in the eBay system. Well, AuctionTNT has made that easy for all eBay users. ” Enos explained. He added that a great use for this tool is printing out labels and stickers that sellers can stick on their eBay shipment packages or by printing the link on their invoices. They can also include it in their email signature. “This will help their customers easily find them the next time they want to make another purchase,” Enos further said. This tool is being offered by for FREE to all eBay sellers. For more information, tips and to download this amazing tool, just visit http:/ /

Charleston, S.C. cobalt blue 8-sided bottle This iron-pontiled cobalt blob-top soda bottle from Charleston, S.C. turned up on eBay recently. Eight-sided, with four of them embossed as follows: STEINKE & KORNAHRENS / CHARLESTON, S.C. / RETURN THIS BOTTLE / SODA WATER. Bill Baab, Augusta, Ga., had this to say about the bottle: “It sold for $1225. This bottle had some physical damage or it could have gone for $2,000 or $3,000. “The company was in business in the mid-1850s but Kornahrens went out on his own a year or so later so bottles with just his name exist.

Bottles and Extras “All of the firm’s bottles are sided and pontiled; there are no later, smooth-based round sodas. Not only did they come in cobalt, but black glass (deep olive) and green.” First National Show Longtime federation member Gene Bradberry of Memphis, Tenn., has a few corrections about the history of national FOHBC shows published in the Collinsville show program. He says the first national show was held at the Cook Convention Center (the 2004 Expo site) in Memphis. “I was trying to create a large event for every year that the federation had its national meeting and it was billed that way,” he said. “It was our first try at the National Show idea. The next year was the EXPO in Toledo and the second national show was in Richmond, Va., followed by Cherry Hill, N.J. I helped set up all three.” Morphy Auctions exceeds $1.6 million Morphy Auctions chalked up another outstanding sale result in September at its recently expanded gallery as a diverse array of fine and decorative art, antique advertising, toys and black Americana shot past the $1.6 million mark. Several of the best-performing items in the sale came from a single, long-held black Americana collection but strong prices were paid in all areas of antique advertising. A 1930s reverse-painted, cardboard-backed glass sign with a glitter effect, advertising ice-cold 5-cent Coca-Cola, sailed past its $5,000-$8,000 estimate to realize $15,000.A Dr. Pepper lithographed-tin serving tray from around 1900-1905 earned a selling price of $8,600 and a Red Indian Stogies cigar/ tobacco tin emblazoned on both sides with a colorful image of an Indian chief with headdress and necklace well outdistanced its estimate to knock down $6,900. Larry Hicks of Hattiesburg, Miss. Larry Hicks died from an accidental death in mid-August. Larry and I were good friends. Not because I’d known him very long or knew much about him personally, but because we had similar views on our hobby of collecting old glass. Larry was a talker, a meticulous record keeper and a champion for honesty and fair play. I frequently benefited from each of those characteristics. We could chat at length about cures and he freely shared

November-December 2007 meaningful and valuable information, thoughts and opinions with me. He openly and genuinely participated in my excitement (or disappointment) should I acquire (or not acquire) a new “dust collector.” I swear he was almost as interested in my collection growing as he was in enhancing his own. I’ll miss Larry describing a bottle as “purdy” or having “some yella amber” in the neck. I’ll miss his incredulity when someone else paid too high of a price for a bottle . . . and his honesty in admitting that he’d also gotten caught up in the fever and paid more on occasion than he should have. I’ll miss hearing the pride in his voice when told that I was thrilled with a bottle I had purchased from him. And I’ll miss sharing his excitement and pleasure when he had added a new treasure to his collection. Bob Jochums Duluth, Ga. Stephen “Peck” Markota Stephen Markota, FOHBC Hall of Fame member, passed away October 3, 2007. Known affectionately as Peck, he had a wide influence in the historic bottle collecting community. Peck collected, researched, published and served in a variety of local and national positions. His publications include the definitive works on Western blob top and Hutchinson sodas. Peck promoted the first combination bottle show and sale in the West

3 and put together the most complete collection of Sacramento sodas and medicines. But Peck was more than just a bottle collector. Always open to providing information from his volumes of research and to giving advice and information to both novices and expert collectors, he valued the personal relationships he had with hundreds of collectors and with virtually all of the other Hall of Fame members, including three other Sacramentans, Elmer Lester, John Tibbitts, and John Fountain. Peck leaves behind his wife of half a century, Audie, who has been a partner in most of his bottle ventures, including such devotion that she attended three bottle shows on one weekend. It goes without saying that the Markota family was a bottle family and Peck never beamed more proudly than when he and Audie brought their great, great grandson Stephen, a fifth generation Markota, to a bottle show. Steve Abbott Fair Oaks, Calif.

Membership Directory Additions James & Joanne Scaturro (New E-mail)

From Frank Starczek Howard Dean, from the Mohawk Bottle Club in Utica, New York, and his wife, Lillian just had their 65 year anniversary as Howard celebrated his 90th birthday. Howard was inducted into the FOHBC Hall of Fame in 1999. Happy birthday to Howard and happy anniversay to both he and Lillian!


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

Recent FindS The bottle pictured here is a Dutch or Continental onion in a typical olivegreen color and shape of the 1720-1750 period. This bottle has an interior length of glass from a broken bubble which is connected at each end to different spots on an interior wall. In some smaller bottles it can go straight across from one side wall to the other usually sagging in the middle. It gives the appearance of a swing and is commonly called a “bird swing.” This bottle was purchased at the Saratoga, Fla. show two years ago by Warren Zeiller. If I had seen it first, it would have been mine. I have seen several bird swings in bottles of this type but never one of this magnitude. It starts midway up the side of the kick up at about 1/2 to 3/4 inch in width and winds upward in a “S” shape to connect with the body near the junction of the neck of the bottle. As it winds upward it reduces in width to almost a fine point at the top connection. These bottles were primarily made for a one-time use. On bottles with a bird swing like this, washing the inside of the bottle normally caused the swing to break especially if a brush were inserted during the cleaning procedure.

While not a bottle, although she’ll be drinking from one, this “new find” is brand new (just hours old in this photo). Everyone knows the “Jar Doctor,” Wayne Lowry, and his wife, June, from Raymore, Mo. Their daughter, Stephanie, just made them proud grandparents. Please meet, in her grandpa’s arms, Shelly Ryan Austin, born October 14th at 7:13 a.m., weighing 6 pounds, 1 ounce at 18 inches in length. Congrats to Stephanie and new grandparents, Wayne and June!

Have a new find to share? Send it to: Kathy Sathe, Editor 341 Yellowstone Drive Fletcher, NC 28732 (423) 737-6710

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007

Federation of Historicial Bottle Collectors

Business & News The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors is a non-profit organization for collectors of historical bottles and related collectible items. Our primary goal is educational as it relates to the history and manufacture of historical bottles and related artifacts.

FOHBC Officers 2006-2008 President : Carl Sturm, 88 Sweetbriar Branch, Longwood, FL 32750-2783; Phone: (407) 332-7689; E-mail: First Vice-President : Fred Capozzela, 1108 Ritger St., Utica, NY 13501; Phone: (315) 724-1026; E-mail: Second Vice-President : Richard Siri, P.O. Box 3818, Santa Rosa, CA 95402; Phone: (707) 542-6438; E-mail: Secretary : Ed Provine, 401 Fawn Lake Dr., Millington, TN 38053; Phone: (901) 876-3296; E-mail: Treasurer : Alan DeMaison, 1605 Clipper Cove, Painesville, OH 44077; Phone: (440) 358-1223; E-mail: Historian : Richard Watson, 10 S.Wendover Rd., Medford, NJ 08055; Phone: (856) 983-1364; E-mail: Editor : Kathy Hopson-Sathe, 341 Yellowstone Dr., Fletcher, NC 28732; Phone: (423) 737-6710; E-mail: Merchandising Director : Kent Williams, 1835 Oak Terr., Newcastle, CA 95658; Phone: (916) 663-1265; E-mail: Membership Director : Gene Bradberry, P.O. Box 341062, Memphis, TN 38184; Phone: (901) 372-8428; E-mail: Convention Director : Wayne Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083; Phone: (816) 318-0161; E-mail:

Business Manager / Subscriptions: June Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083; Phone: (816) 318-0160; E-mail: Director-At-Large : John Pastor, 7288 Thorncrest Dr. SE, Ada, MI 49301; Phone: (616) 285-7604; E-mail: Director-At-Large : Sheldon Baugh, 252 W. Valley Dr., Russelville, KY 42276; Phone: (270) 726-2712; Fax: (270) 726-7618; E-mail: Director-At-Large: Cecil Munsey, 13541 Willow Run Road, Poway, CA 92064-1733; Phone: (858) 487-7036; E-mail: Midwest Region Director : Ron Hands, 913 Parkside Dr., Wilson, NC 27896, Phone: (252) 265-6644; E-mail: Northeast Region Director : Larry Fox, 5478 Route 21, Canandaigua, NY 14424; Phone: (585) 394-8958; E-mail: Southern Region Director : Edwin Herrold, 65 Laurel Loop, Maggie Valley, NC 28571; Phone: (828) 926-2513; E-mail: Western Region Director : Bob Ferraro, 515 Northridge Dr., Boulder City, NV 89005; Phone: (702) 293-3114; E-mail: Public Relations Director : James Berry, 200 Ft. Watershed Rd., St. Johnsville, NY 13452; Phone: (518) 568-5683, E-mail:



November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

Federation of Historic Bottle Collectors

President’s Message

President : J. Carl Sturm 88 Sweetbriar Branch Longwood, FL 32750 (407) 332-7689

November-December President’s Message I will start out with the minutes of the last Board Meeting. MINUTES OF THE FEDERATION OF HISTORICAL BOTTLES COLLECTORS BOARD MEETING COLLINSVILLE, ILL. AUG 17, 2007 President Carl Sturm called the meeting to order with the following officers present: Second V.P. Richard Siri, Secretary Ed Provine, Treasurer Alan DeMaison, Western Region Director Bob Ferraro, Southern Region Director Ed Herrold, Director at Large Cecil Munsey, Director at Large Sheldon Baugh, Director at Large John Pastor, Conventions Director Wayne Lowry, Business Manager June Lowry, Public Relations Director Jim Berry, Membership Director Gene Bradberry and Bottles and Extras Editor Kathy Sathe. Carl then introduced guests present: Ken Lawler, Darlene “DAR” Furda and Bill Borchert. Treasurers Report Treasurer Alan DeMaison gave copies of the treasurer’s report to everyone. (I have not copied it here.) He discussed Fiscal ’06-’07 and Fiscal ’07-’08 (July 1, 2007 – August 9, 2007). There was a discussion about the FOHBC investments. Alan pointed out that money had only been taken out of the poorly performing investments. It was noted that we have reduced Bottles and Extras costs about $2000 per issue. Conventions Directors Report Wayne Lowry reported on the Collinsville Show. Seminars have everything with Ed Herrold as the seminar overseer. We need a show report write-up and Sheldon will do this. Wayne has pin-back buttons for everyone here who also attended the 1976 St. Louis Expo. Table sales for Collinsville are just at the break-even point. York, Pa. Expo proposal will probably change. Wayne will discuss this later. He needed volunteers to get out show flyers for York to the show chair of each club next year. Kathy and Alan volunteered. Bottles and Extras Editor Report Kathy says that costs are down and volume is up on the magazine. We have enough articles at present but would like more single page articles.

We need more cartoons. The mailer is just four blocks from our printer. June Lowry suggested we purchase new software for printing the magazine. Cost would be $451. Cecil Munsey made a motion that we purchase this software. Motion was passed. Bottles and Extras has been put on a CD. Four years for $20 or $10 per year. Cecil protested his copyright articles being put on the CDs without his permission. Later he relented and said we have permission to use his material on CDs. Website Report Kathy reports visitors are about the same. Kathy needs someone to type club newsletters to put on club only section. Alan volunteered kids from his place to do this. President Carl Sturm mentioned Dick Watson’s heart attack and bypass about three weeks ago. Cecil questioned what we should do about the Historians job, which Dick has. A motion was made and passed to table discussion on the Historian’s job. Carl will contact Dick on this, since it is an appointed office. Honor Roll and Hall of Fame Two nominations for the FOHBC Honor Roll for 2008 were voted on and passed. New nominees are Jeff Wichmann and Steve Ketcham. There were also two nominations for the Hall of Fame which were voted on and passed. They were Tom Caniff and Jim Hagenbuch. The nomination for Jim Hagenbuch passed with a rewrite of the original nomination. A motion was made and passed to have a new Honor Roll Plaque made and paid for by the FOHBC. Gene Bradberry will have the plaque made. New Business In response to two letters received by Carl Sturm, we had a long discussion on early admission to FOHBC shows. A motion was made and passed to make early admission and cost of a table the same price. There will be a discount for both early admission and tables for Federation members. Club Membership Report June Lowry reports individual memberships are up about 15% over this time last year. We still have the problem with life members. It costs the FOHBC about $4000 per year to send out

Bottles and Extras to the 168 life members who are not contributing. We discussed how to handle this expense. It was decided that Carl and June would write to all life members to see if they would contribute or tell us that they do not want the magazine. Jim Berry, Public Relations Director will receive the slide programs and has volunteered to oversee their availability to clubs. Gene Bradberry suggested that the Federation make professional DVDs of all National shows and Expos. There was a discussion of raising club membership dues from the current $75 per year to $100. No decision was made. Meeting was adjourned. General Meeting The general meeting was held with a minimal attendance. It seems that there is a lack of interest from the general membership as to what is happening with the Federation. Members are always quick to complain if a decision seems to affect them, but not interested enough to sit in on the Board Meeting or attend the General Meeting. In general,this year has been a good one for the Federation. The magazine has improved considerably in content and look, which coupled with the increase from four to six copies per year seems to have helped the membership. This has been possible by finding a printer to decrease costs and provide a shorter time frame for printing and distribution. June (Business Manager) and Kathy (Editor) are doing a tremendous job as board members. The Expo in 2008 is now set for York, Pa. on August 8-10. I handed out preliminary flyers at the Jacksonville, Fla. show and they were met with great enthusiasm. I have heard from others that this enthusiasm is being felt from a great many of the collectors who have been contacted at other shows. I expect Expo ’08 to be a super Expo in table sales and attendance. York, Pa. has always been a hot bed in bottle collecting, primarily because of its location being nearer to collectors than a great number of other sites. Remember, buy wisely or dig hard and watch your collection grow. J. Carl Sturm President FOHBC

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007 states will have the very best on their tables. Pretty tough to find a bottle without a pontil at this event. After several hours of tailgating and refreshments courtesy of Norman and his very hospitable family [ask any one about Mrs. Heckler ’s New England corn chowder], there is a live auction in a barn built in the era of the Civil War. I am always well-pleased with the variety and quality this auction provides. I did manage to buy a couple of things last year for my collection. I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Hecklers and their many friends for providing the hobby with a memory each year that will last a lifetime. Norman and crew are one of the reasons this hobby is so much fun. The sincerity and loyalty these people are equipped with is unprecedented in this hobby. From the bottom of my heart thank you!! Last week I attended the Buffalo New York bottle show held in Depew. I was still suffering from an inner ear infection and did not really want to go. My good friend Doc Spiller encouraged me and said if I could get to his house that he would drive. Burt and I have been traveling together for many years now and neither one of us has ever missed a show that we had planned on attending. That is a pretty good record and being I am several decades younger than Doc I did not want to be the first to screw up. I made it to Burt’s museum about 5:30 in the morning. Burt had his car all packed and we were on the road in a short time. It was a short two hour drive [I slept for an hour and

fifty minutes] and the only time I was forced into being awake is when I had to dig for money to pay the tolls. We arrived at the show site and everyone had gotten there before us. I walked in to find our tables and got the shock of my life. The interior of this facility was beautiful! The lighting was superb and the floors were carpeted. It is just not natural when you spend a day at a bottle show and do not hear a bottle crashing to the floor. Set up was a cinch. Easy access and lots of help from every one at the show made loading and unloading very easy. I bought more good bottles at this show than I have bought at any other show in years. I was tickled! These Buffalo guys really go all out to make every one comfortable. They started the day by providing free coffee and doughnuts. At noon they came around to each dealer individually and invited those to come to the kitchen for self-serve all-you can-eat chicken wings, pizza and soda. They did all this and charged fifteen dollars per dealer table and two dollars admission to the general public. I have been show chairman for many shows in my history with this hobby and I can speak from experience, “Buffalo, listen up! You guys may very well have set a new precedent for show structure and quality.” You are a humble bunch of hard working guys who deserve credit for a job well done. Mr. Show Chairman, please save me two tables for next year. My only request is that you charge more per table so that I may leave with a clear conscience. Your friend and Northeast Director for the FOHBC, Larry Fox

the ABCNI submitted her club’s August newsletter. If you are interested in joining the ABCNI, you can contact Greg Schueneman (treasurer), 270 Stanley Avenue, Waukegan, IL 60085. President is Jeff Dahlberg. The club’s July meeting was a picnic held at the home of John Wilson. They enjoyed all the goodies a picnic can provide. Everyone enjoyed John’s spectacular collection housed in lighted glass cabinets. The club meeting in August was held at the home of Kay and Ron Nuemann, Sr. Dorothy Furman (their wonderful newsletter editor), tells us the following. “Ron is a multifaceted collector. You all know the song 99

bottles of beer on the wall? Well, how about ten times that amount in his lower level display room. His meeting was on the heels of a flood and this room was hard hit. But he came up with new carpeting in time and his hundreds of beers were not damaged. His guest bathroom houses a great collection of milks and tin signs. He also showed those at the meeting his new show cases of sodas, tins, etc. Ron is one of our members who opens his house each year and always manages to come up with something new and different.”

Northeast Regional News Larry Fox 5478 Route 21 Canandaigua, NY 14424 (585) 394-8958 Northeast News The guys and gals of the GVBCA [Rochester, New York] have asked me to make a public appeal to every one in this hobby. As you know these people take a lot of pride in their yearly show. This year will be their 39th annual show and they want to make it one to remember. Exhibit Chairman Chris Davis is trying to get an exhibit for every area of interest in bottle collecting. We will have milks, poisons, sodas, whiskey, cures, fire fighting, flasks, canning jars, [John Pastor has a surprise exhibit for all to enjoy], there will be perfumes, figurals and the list goes on and on. These exhibits will be from all over North America and will be extensively advertised in all national publications. This looks like it will be a show for the history books. This segment of the news is being written in a last minute to update everyone as to what is happening in the Northeast. In approximately two hours I have to meet a group of people with whom I am traveling to New England. It is that time of year where we can be guests of Norman Heckler on Saturday and attend a terrific show on Sunday at Keene, New Hampshire. It just does not get any better than this. Saturday will start out with tailgating at the Heckler Estate. People from several

Midwest Regional News Joe Coulson 10515 Collingswood Lane Fishers, Indiana 46038 (317) 915-0665 The Fall season has arrived in the Midwest, but the unusually warm weather still makes it feel very much like summer. The bottle shows are in full swing. Let’s see what has been going on lately with the Midwest bottle clubs… Antique Bottle Club of Northern Illinois Dorothy Furman (newsletter editor) of


Findlay Antique Bottle Club Tom Brown (newsletter editor) of the FABC printed a couple of interesting articles in the September newsletter (Whittle

8 Marks). The first was titled “Got Milk Bottles: Collector has thousands of bottles from bygone era,” written by Gary Brown, from the Living Well section of THE REPOSITORY (Canton, Ohio). “Lou McFadden’s collection of dairy paraphernalia includes more than 4,000 milk bottles, ice cream boxes and cottage cheese or butter containers. McFadden has gotten caught up in the history of the thousands of dairies that once operated in Ohio. Specifically he has studied the stories of the hundreds of dairies that were located in Stark County. A few years ago, his bottle collecting prompted him to journey the state with his wife, collecting old pictures of dairies or taking new ones of the dairies that still existed. The photographs spawned a book, Ohio’s Dairies, which preserves the images and ‘gives dairies credit for existing.’ Included in the text are listings of the dairies by counties and explanations of the types of plants – milk-bottling, cheese-making and butter-producing – that once operated in Ohio.” More info about the book (which includes 500+ pictures) can be obtained from: Lou and Sue McFadden, P.O. Box 66, Winesburg, OH 44690. The other article in the September Whittle Marks was titled “Kerr Fruit Jar Demonstrator: A Colorado Travelogue,” by Florence Wilshire Starkebaum. In the 1930s, the Kerr company maintained a fleet of specially made Kerr cars used to promote their Self-Sealing and Economy jars. The trunks of these cars had been converted to giant fruit jars with the motto “Can With a Smile and Smile While You Can.” Florence was fortunate enough to tour Colorado for Kerr. Florence was a college graduate with a degree in home economics when, in the summer of 1940, a representative of the Kerr company hired her to give canning demonstrations in Colorado. The article describes her traveling experiences. “The demonstrations usually lasted over two hours, and I always spent considerable time telling about the ease of using Kerr jars and the self-sealing lids. My audience appreciated receiving recipe books, and always had many questions regarding the use of the pressure canner versus waterbath method of canning vegetables and meats. Many of those present were using the zinc lid which required a rubber gasket for sealing. Kerr lids did not have to be set upside down to be sure they had sealed.” The FABC has a nice website with pictures from its annual shows. You should

November-December 2007 check it out: home.html. Richard Elwood is the club president. To find out more about the monthly newsletter, “Whittle Marks,” send a note to: Findlay Antique Bottle Club, P.O. Box 1329, Findlay, OH 45839. Iowa Antique Bottleers Mark Wiseman (newsletter editor) does a very nice job each month reporting the IAB happenings. The club’s theme for its most recent meeting was “Bring something that was once buried in the ground.” Members brought all kinds of interesting items, including: the first whole known example of a large sized “MONRAD’S ANTISEPTIC, Face and Hand Lotion, Monrad Company, Des Moines, Iowa, Nothing Like It For The Face, Nothing Better For The Hands;” a rare old light bulb with internal insted of external threads; top- and bottom-matching dentures; a cow skull; an unlisted Iowa bottle embossed “Averill Gro. Co., Wholesale Grocers, Cedar Rapids, Iowa;” a glass chimney cleaner; a J I C (Case) buggy whip holder; a milkglass pickle pusher; an unlisted Iowa drugstore bottle, “W.A. Wells & Co., Drug Store 205, Oskaloosa, Iowa,” and many more bottles. The IAB is looking for Iowa bottle rubbings (and pictures if possible) of those unlisted bottles not in the book, “The Antique Bottles of Iowa, 1846-1915”. Please contact Mike Burggraaf at The IAB newsletters always contain wonderful digging stories by Mark Wiseman. He has a regular column, “The Digger’s Scoop,” that tells of his local digging adventures with Elsie the Pup, the old truck, and various digging friends that join him. Some of the recent digging stories were submitted by Johnnie Fletcher (with Mark participating). You can find out more about IAB membership from Tom Southard, 2815 Druid Hill, Des Moines, IA 50315. Midwest Antique Fruit Jar & Bottle Club The June issue of the Midwest Glass Chatter (the newsletter of the MAFJBC) contained many pictures from the club’s June meeting program, which was titled “Pottery Jars.” The program was a show and tell session and club members brought many interesting items. Closure styles spanned the spectrum from wax sealers to Sherwoodstyle to Weir-style to metal screw caps. Norman Barnett displayed four different examples of “Robert Arthur’s Patent 2nd January 1855 Arthur Burnham & Gilroy

Bottles and Extras Philadelphia.” Joe Coulson showed a previously unreported variation of “Torrey’s Egyptian Fruit Jar Patented March 13th 1866” (with Egyptian figures around the jar). Sue Wilson shared a white stoneware Macomb Pottery Co. with recessed bottom to allow stacking of jars. Sue said that she had to buy two jars to try out the “stacking” feature! Most of the jars that members brought had some type of advertising on them, for things like apple butter, cheese, horse-radish, and jam preserves. The MAFJBC has a website: http:// Meeting and membership details as well as lots of pictures from their semi-annual shows can be found there. Their next show and sale will be January 13th in Muncie, Ind. Dave Rittenhouse is the club president (765-468-8091). Minnesota’s First Antique Bottle Club Gwen Seeley (newsletter editor) and Barbara Robertus (co-editor) do a very nice job each month with their newsletter, “The Bottle Digger’s Dope.” There are always plenty of pictures. At the club’s June meeting, members were asked to bring their favorite bottle from their collection. “Knowing how hard this would be… most members forgot! Fortunately Barb Robertus and Steve Ketcham did bring something. Steve’s framed nude advertising Drink Rex Bitters was a huge hit!! Also a new favorite for Steve from Madison, Wis., is a Smith Bros. 1903 framed calendar. Barb brought two beauties: a miscellaneous flask with a sloop with pennant half-pint circa 1840, plus a flask with an embossed key on the front, also circa 1840-1860, both in aquamarine. Fran Rutherford entertained us with a great program. She also collects frogs. We saw frogs in every shape and form. She has a frog table, lamps, pictures, bottles, pottery, jewelry, etc.” The July newsletter also contained a reprint of an article, “Frog Figural Bitters Bottle,” by Judge David Schepps. The club’s September newsletter contained a very interesting trip report, “Summer Ramblings,” by Steve Ketcham, describing his experience at the FOHBC National Show. “Friday evening many of us attended the awards banquet and heard Greg Hawley of the Steamboat Arabia Museum speak about what has to be the ultimate digging experience. Hawley and his family and partners dug up the 1850s Arabia riverboat from 45 feet below a Kansas cornfield. He brought samples of the flasks, bitters, jars and other artifacts for all to see.

Bottles and Extras We were spellbound. Chris, Sean and I visited the Kansas City museum about five years ago, and we hope to return someday. It is well worth the trip. Saturday brought morning seminars on topics such as inks, jars, collecting via the Internet, and a slide show looking back at the 1976 St. Louis Expo (the Federation’s first). Saturday afternoon brought us all together for show set up. Time flew on Saturday and Sunday as we all stayed busy shopping and visiting with a great assortment of our bottle friends. Before we knew it, the national show was over and we began to pack up and think of home.” Membership in the MFABC is $10/yr. For more information, please contact Linda Sandell, 7735 Silver Lake Road #208, Moundsview, MN 55112. Ohio Bottle Club Phyllis Koch (editor) and Donna Gray (secretary) always do a very nice job with The Ohio Swirl, the OBC’s newsletter. Louis Fifer is the club president. The program for their June 28th meeting was “Colored Strap-sided Flasks,” presented by Don Dzuro, Bill Koster and Rick Baldwin. “Don brought in a beautiful display of colorful strap-sided flasks. These bottles are called strap-sided because their

November-December 2007 sides have a raised vertical band which looks like a strap. Colored examples are scarce. Don said there is not much in print about these flasks, which were made until around 1910. Bill Koster said he has dug clear strapsided flasks. If you find one with a label or with a name and city, you’ll have to pay a little bit more. You’ll pay a lot more for ‘Gratis,’ which was handed out free before November voting. Rick Baldwin said he started collecting these bottles in 1972. The strap or band gives extra strength – more integrity – to the bottle, as opposed to a regular seam-sided one. Most of these flasks are double collared lip, with a cork. Rick showed many examples of strap-sided flasks.” The July Ohio Swirl also contained an article, “Cleveland Shot Glass: The Legacy,” Part One of Two, by Jack Sullivan. The August newsletter contained Part Two of the article. The August issue also contained a “2007 Bottle Digging Trip” report by Jeff Hooper. Jeff gave the interesting details of his 28-day, 7,095-mile trip to the Midwest and East coast. For more information on joining the OBC, please contact Berny Baldwin (treasurer), 1931 Thorpe Circle, Brunswick, OH 44212.

Wabash Valley Antique Bottle & Pottery Club In the summer edition, The Wabash Cannonball had a trip report of the Schupps Grove, Pa., bottle show and sale, written by Martin Van Zant. “Ned Pennington, Bill Granger and I decided it was time to go and check out an eastern bottle show. We were off and running at around 7 a.m. There was also a flea market going on, giving us twice the fun. There was so much good looking early glass at this show it was silly. There was something for everyone, early American glass, bitters beers, fruit jars, and even pop bottles. Jim Hagenbuch had a table full of $1 and $2 bottles, and I bet he sold the best bunch of them. I believe the next time I saw Ned, he had his arms full. Bill found a couple of items. I bought a fire grenade, an openpontiled medicine from Elkhart and a couple of seller bottles. All in all the trunk was full, we may have been able to put a couple of Turlington’s in there, but that’s about it. I would definitely go again – this was a wonderful show.” Club dues are $10/yr. For more information, please contact Gary Zimmer (treasurer), 10655 Atherton Rd., Rosedale, IN 47874.

club’s June show and tell session and a great color photo entitled Blast from the Past. His cartoon, The Blobtops, shows Mr. Blobtop saying, “I feel awful. I think I might have a bug.” Inside the cartoon bottle a bug is buzzing around! Twenty-two color photos tastefully displayed were featured in the August issue. One of the photos shows club member Robbie Delius’ great display of soda and beer bottle openers nicely mounted. A rare Durham (N.C.) Bottling Works Hutchinson (clear glass, mug base) purchased by the editor and a bunch of club member Donnie “Pepsi Guru” Medlin’s throw-away Pepsis also were shown. Marshall also has been kind enough to give my new book, “Augusta on Glass,” notice in the newsletter. I apologize to club member Skinny Medlin for misspelling his first name in the Sept.-Oct. region report. Johnnie Fletcher, who may be the Oklahoma Territory Bottle & Relic Club’s newsletter editor for life, keeps publishing

Oklahoma Territory News loaded with interesting items. He notes that he didn’t make it clear that David Baumann’s fake Tishomingo quart Hutcinson was done to fool Johnnie and not for any other reason. Description of the fakery was published in the Sept.-Oct. Bottles and Extras. Fletcher always gives a shovel-byshovel account in his digging stories, and one of those titled “Watch for Those Motorcycles!” was in his August issue. He was joined by Ed Stewart, Mark Wiseman, Jerry Callison and Dan Moser in St. Joseph, Mo., one of their favorite digging spots. Almost every house where Fletcher had succeeded in getting permission to dig had a motorcycle parked in front. Among bottles found were two St. Joseph Bottling & Mfg. Co., Hutchinsons, one The Striblen Pharmacy, a St. Joseph drug store bottle, and a Mrs. Winslow’s Soothing Syrup. They struck paydirt in another pit: an E.D. Schroers Pharmacists, Red Cross Pharmacy, three Central Drug Stores; two Samuel Westheimer & Son whiskey flasks, a Louis Fuelling Hutchinson

Southern Regional News Bill Baab 2352 Devere Street Augusta, GA 30904 (706) 736-8097 Congratulations to Marshall Clements, editor of the Raleigh (N.C.) Bottle Club’s Bottle Talk, for winning the Federation’s newsletter contest. He was just going to publish a few issues until a permanent editor could be found, but became fascinated and enthusiastic a few issues into the job. His newsletters are bright in color and content and fun to read. He featured The New World of CocaCola in his July issue. Collectors who may visit Atlanta on business or for pleasure need to check out the soft drink giant’s museum and tourist attraction that opened May 24. Its web site is He downloaded 15 color photos dealing with that fun destination, eight more of the


10 and a Louis Fuelling crowntop soda, all from St. Joseph. An unmarked one-gallon crock jug also was dug. Seven color photos helped complement the story. In his September issue, Fletcher showed a cobalt California Electric Works insulator a friend had found in a Nevada gold camp. The insulator has a book value of $7,500 to $10,000, he said. Two more suspicious eBay items also were pictured. One was a quart milk etched 101 / Ranch / Poca City / Okla., that sold for $36/ The other, a pint pumpkinseed whiskey flask etched Yaller Dorg / Saloon / J.B. Eldridge / Red Rock, I.T., brought $152.50. Fletcher believes someone is taking plain old bottles and adding the etchings. Next, Fletcher wrote about celebrating the 40 th birthday of his friend, Kenny Burbrink, with another St. Joseph dig. Burbrink had finally gotten permission to probe a lot after several false starts.They found an 8-foot deep, 5-foot long and 4foot wide privy. The birthday celebration became a very happy one when the duo unearthed a John Demond drug store bottle and 13 Norton Brokaw drug store bottles from St. Joseph. Fletcher returned to his truck to get a drink of water when her heard Burbrink yell “YAHOO!” Fletcher turned around to see Kenny standing up in the hole and holding up a Louis Fuelling blobtop soda. He resumed digging and pulled out a second blobtop, so Fletcher climbed into the hole and pulled out yet another. That one was embossed Dumke & Gleitze. That St. Joseph soda was followed by a Hutchinson bottle from the same firm, followed by four more blobtop sodas. Their excitement was tempered by digging a Louis Fuelling Genuine Belfast Ginger Ale round-bottom that was broken, but Kenny’s birthday turned out to be a happy one for both diggers. Melissa Milner continues to do a great job with The Groundhog Gazette, newsletter of The State of Franklin (Tenn.) Antique Bottle & Collectibles Association. The July issue featured Luther McKehan, a collector of political buttons and related items who later became interested in local memorabilia. He brought an array of things ranging from a Watauga Bottling Works, Elizabethton, Tenn., bottle opener to several scarce Watauga signs, bottles, key chains and an Eagle Drug Co., bottle with embossed bird of prey. Her August issue featured a photo of

November-December 2007 the rare 24-ounce Mountain Dew bottle brought in by new club member James Cash. Carl Bailey brought in an uncommon 1924, clear, 24-ounce single drum Pepsi-Cola. Brandon Horne showed a quartet of applied color labeled bottles featuring female images. The issue’s history lesson outlined the Gerst Brewing Co. (1890-1954) in Nashville, Tenn. Christian Moerlein of Cincinnati beer fame and William Gerst, each German-born, started the company and Gerst eventually bought out Moerlein. The company’s heydays lasted from the 1890s until 1917 when Prohibition set in. Gerst won a gold medal for its beer featured in the 1897 Tennessee Centennial Exposition and other awards at the 1904 St. Louis Exposition. Production zoomed to 200,000 barrels annually made by 200 workers who, according to one account, were allowed to sip samples of the beer throughout their workdays. Talk about quality control! Gerst became an owner and breeder of thoroughbred horses and in 1910, his Dorau won the Kentucky Derby. During Prohibition, Gerst stayed in business by producing “near beer” and soda water products. After Prohibition was repealed in 1933, the brewery began to prosper again. However, small family breweries were on their way out as the larger ones could produce cheaper and larger quantities of beer. The plant was sold to a group of investors in 1950, but went out of business for good in 1954. Mrs. Milner credits some of her information to Jim Baker, who wrote an article for the 1996 FOHBC show. In her September issue, she wrote a condensed story about private die proprietaries, aka the match and medicine stamps. Jeremiah Curtis & Son’s AngloAmerican Drug Co., whose flagship product was Mrs. Winslow’s Soothing Syrup; J.C. Ayer & Co., and Hostetter & Smith and Hostetter Co., are featured with photos of stamps, letterheads, almanacs and other collectibles complementing the write-up. The Horse Creek Antique Bottle Club, which meets the third Monday of each month at the Langley (S.C.) Community Center at 7 p.m., had a show and tell session at its September meeting. Member George Purcell brought in a neat glass minnow trap embossed Montana Bait Co., Rock Creek, Montana, with outlines of little fishes. He found it at a local flea market and paid $69. This regional editor showed off his newly acquired, attic-mint, large River

Bottles and Extras Swamp Chill & Fever Cure from Augusta, Ga., one of that city’s rarest antique bottles. He also showed a whiskey still produced by master potter Lin Craven of Cleveland, Ga. The moonshiner apparently imbibed too much of his corn squeezin’s and is sprawled face down near the still, a miniature jug and his long rifle nearby. A black snake is crawling out of a woodpile, apparently to feast upon invisible mice that are feasting on corn, while a possum checks out the corn in another section. Two crows are perched atop the still watching the action. Mrs. Craven turned some of the pieces and molded the others. The writer acquired it at the Atlanta bottle show to add to other Craven masterpieces: a possum mom with babies and a figure of a fisherman atop a giant catfish. Her talent is extraordinary. Bill Marks continues to edit the Diggers Dispatch, newsletter of the M-T Bottle Collectors Association of DeLand, Fla. In his July-August-September issue, he congratulated members Lester and Frances Stoll, who celebrated their 61st wedding anniversary on Sept. 15. “We are in dire need of more club participation at our monthly meetings,” Marks writes. “We are averaging six to 10 members,” said Marks, who turns 83 in October. “Our club needs newsletter editors, committee chairpersons and lots of help. We cannot continue to rotate the same personnel each year. A lot of us are 75 years of age and older. Old age and sickness has hit our club hard this year.” Marks, at this writing recovering from surgery, said the club has about 55 members. “Many of them are what I call newsletter members – they pay annual dues just to get the newsletter. Others live far away from where we meet,” he explained. The show and tell session at the August meeting produced several small medicines and some others that member Jim Burkhalter donated to the club. New members David and Evelyn Hampton showed a number of bottles they said were found or dug in California, some dating prior to the 1906 earthquake and a miniature elephant brand bitters.

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007 aqua Dr. Hoofland’s German Bitters, Dyspepsia & Liver Complaint G.M. Jackson Philadelphia, an amber Stimson and Herblewhite Buffalo, N.Y. shoe polish bottle, a cobalt blue Simon Pure Manufacturing Co. Scranton, Pa. bottle, a C.R. Corman M.D. Pectorial Compound, a Dr. Graves Heart Regulator is a Cure For Heart Disease, a teal iron pontil plain blob top soda, a base embossed blob top Hires soda, a Warner’s Safe and a damaged citron mustard jar with a milk glass insert with an embossed eagle. He says this mustard jar is listed in the back of the Red Book. “Scott started off with finds from the recent back East dig, such as an unusual yellow olive Udolpho Wolfe’s aromatic Schnapps and a square Scheetz’s Celebrated Bitters Cordial Philda. He also had a small Palmer green drug bottle The Mayell & Hopp Co., Cleveland and a dark greenish Bromo Caffeine that he found in a local antique shop for $3 each. He finished with a dark emerald green McLaughlin No. 19 insulator that he dug on a job in Forest Grove.” Personal News: Vince and Jackie Harbick celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary. Vince has been an OBCA member for almost 40 years and is still doing bottles and having success in his antique shop. After succeeding in doing shows on nine out of eleven weekends, Treasurer Bill Bogynska had to set aside current activities and take care of a personal matter. Bill had eye surgery on September 11. His surgery is called a vitrectomy. He had the vitreous gel removed from his eye because the gel in his left eye was drying out. As a result he had been experiencing distorted vision because of the dried gel pulling on his retina. By the time you read this I am sure that Bill will already be back to work counting the club’s money and attending more shows!

Western Regional News Ken Lawler & “Dar” 6677 Oak Forest Drive Oak Park, CA 91377 (818) 889-5451 We fulfilled this year’s self-imposed, summer schedule. We covered four shows, Reno, Leadville, Helena and Collinsville. As usual, the shows were great and provided us the opportunity to browse, purchase and visit with new and old friends. We also sandwiched in some personal events. We were on the road 12 days in July and 27 in August. It was so rewarding to meet some of the folks whose names appear in the newsletters we receive from our clubs. Some of those addicted collectors even contacted us since our return home to show that the feeling was mutual. The truck chalked up close to 11,000 miles and was in need of an oil change and well-deserved rest. Though we got tired, as the old saying goes, “It was well worth it.” Oregon Bottle Collectors Association – The Stumptown Report Club Treasurer, Bill Bogynska reported that they had 25 tables at their Aurora show this year. They were down nine tables from last year. They lowered the price of their tables this year because they were charged a lower rent at the new Aurora location. Club member Wayne, had suggested dropping the admission for the show. It was felt that donations might be a way to lure in some of the public who might be out browsing through the local antique shops. This idea seemed to have worked, because donations were up from last year’s admissions. Another advantage was that the club was able to collect for two days instead of one this year. Some NEW MEMBERS news has it that Dennis and Sheryl Meng have joined the club. Dennis already has a head start. It is written that Dennis has been digging up old bottles in his excavating jobs. This couple met President Mark Junker at the EXPO and then they attended the club’s 2006 bottle show. By the time they attended the 2007 show, it sounds like they were hooked and decided to join the club. Here is some DIGGING NEWS. President Mark and Vice President Scott have been getting around with their shovels. Here is some of what Mark, “dug up.” He found an

Forty Niner Historical Bottle Association – Bottle Bug Briefs The club had its “2007 Summer Picnic” on July 28th. From the look of the map of directions on the reverse side of the picnic flyer the trip to the picnic location was an enjoyable part of the picnic adventure. Margie and Kent Williams had opened their hilltop home and yard to fulfill a collector’s dream. Their home is described as a solarpowered, 12-sided house with a pool, GoldMine Wine Cellar, plus plenty of shade. The

11 picnic flyer announces that there were bottle displays everywhere, walls of dinnerware, a Thomas Edison collection of cylinder music boxes, disc music boxes and various hand-crank organs. The miscellaneous collections went on and on. They had plenty for the glass collector to see. The flyer calls out 17th Century Black Glass, ancient Roman glass (2nd Century), cathedral pickles and peppersauces, whiskey flasks, about 100 inks, and demijohns. Margie is the proud displayer of a world-class English Staffordshire dinnerware display. Club vice president, Mike Henness, brought raffle bottles: a Lady’s Leg, vase, Fenners Back Ache Cure and a Postal Soda. Mike Lakes put on a program at the May meeting. It is written this way, “He had rows of pickle bottles of every shape and color, from the oldest to the newest, with dates and history. The show and tell was also pickle bottles, and the room was surrounded with pickle bottles. Steve Abbott brought a De Laval Cream Separator Cabinet, it was great, but didn’t look anything like a Pickle Bottle.” Las Vegas Antique Bottles and Collectibles Club – The Punkin Seed According to the September 2007 newsletter, dealer contracts have been mailed for the Antiques and Collectibles Show and Sale, February 15-16, 2008. The feeling is that the new location at the Henderson Convention Center should prove to be a good change for everyone. The Monthly Minutes, taken 8/1/07 mentions that Carey Burke welcomed guest Lynn Zook. Lynn is the Las Vegas historian who is creating the Classic Vegas programs, also known as “As we knew it.” During the club’s August meeting members enjoyed their theme of oceans, lakes and anything associated with being like summer and/or cool. For example, Dennis Larson brought in a 1914 postcard of the Schlitz summer beer garden. Madeline Johnson showed a framed collage of oyster shells and pearls. Jim Devlin had a vintage picnic basket and Kathy Mummery showed a rare antique green glass Moses water bottle. Club Secretary Rebecca Glantz was, “speaker of the month of August.” She showed a sampling of items she bought at thrift shops over the years. She told everyone that you can get a lot of very good deals if you have the eye for them.

12 Reno Antique Bottle Club – Digger’s Dirt There was a big turnout at the picnic. Thirty-six people braved the heat. Members gobbled up the club T-Shirts. It is reported that the club made $68 on the shirts, after costs. For anyone who missed out on the shirts, there are a few medium sizes left. Katinka Rauch was the winner of a nice flask that was added to the raffle by Marty Hall. It was a lucky day for Charlotte von Duering’s son Chris, he won three prizes at the picnic. Willy Young reports that their show went well. He was wandering about the room checking on dealers to see if they were having a good day. Willy mentioned that some big money changed hands during two big sales. He said that the show had a negative side. The parking fee went up to seven dollars and the snack-bar cost $500/ day, “up front.” He said that luckily the snack-bar quota was met by one o’clock so the club’s deposit was returned. More negative news to report. The Convention Center is raising their prices next year. There is some positive news to report. Jeff Wichman, of American Bottle Auctions, donated $500 to the raffle. That donation really accelerated raffle ticket sales. Dealer Gary Elges won the $500. A five dollar gold piece was won by Ed Scarborough’s mother-in-law. Fred Holabird also donated $500 for club usage. Here is a quote from club editor, Helene Walker, “our THANKS to them both for their generous contribution…” Helene goes on to say, “In all our years of doing the show, we have never had this kind of response.” Marty Hall gave out the display awards. Grand Award went to Zang Wood from Farmington, N.M. for his Hutch soda collection. First place went to Richard Siri from Santa Rosa, California for his flasks. Second place went to Richard Grams from Somerset, California for his display of canning jars. Helene placed a thank you note at the end of the awards announcement to thank Marty for making a special award for her having displayed for over 40 years. She was surprised and very appreciative. Antique Bottle Collectors of Colorado – Dump Digger’s Gazette There was an alarming mention made in the CLUB NEWS section that, “We understand that Mike Holzwarth has a great story to share about the huge rattlesnake that wanted to occupy his digging hole this summer…can’t wait for that one.” This will probably be thoroughly discussed at their

November-December 2007 September 19 meeting. It has been mentioned that we might be seeing some news in their October issue of their newsletter, about their club dig held August 18. Two items of interest in their September 2007 newsletter is the club picnic and the Leadville Bottle Show. The club picnic was held at the Sinner’s cabin in Gold Hill, Colorado. Karen and Rick Sinner have been making their cabin and grounds available for club picnics for several years. There is a picture of Rick horsing around. You can see the mountains and lots of trees in the background of that picture. One huge grassy area seemed wide open for any kind of games or sports activity anyone would want. The picture also showed that they had great, sunny weather for their picnic, as well. Looks like Rick has another interest besides bottles. There is a picture of him and Mike Holzwarth standing next to several wooden birdhouses on posts. Rick refers to them as his Bird Townhouse Complex. The Leadville Bottle Show has been called the most successful one to date! The newsletter states that this year there was an increase in sales tables, public traffic and overall sales. Fifty-five sales tables were contracted and over 300 people came through the door to look and purchase. There was mention of the show being well attended by Coloradoans and out-ofstate people, as well. Elliot Winters who is 80, or more, took the bus from Osage, Minnesota again. The two Californians, “Ken and Dar” were also spotted at their show again this year. Rick had taken a picture of us which appeared in their newsletter along with mention of our affiliation with the LAHBC and the FOHBC. We thank you for including us. Phoenix Antique Bottles & Collectibles Club – The A to Z Collector The September 2007 issue of the A to Z Collector contains a write-up of the program presented by Kyle Husfloen. Kyle is a professional appraiser and works as an editor-at-large for the Antique Trader. He has been with the Trader for 35 years. He resides in Palm Springs, California. The newsletter further states that members brought several items to the meeting for appraisal. Here is a list of some of the items appraised: - “A fine quality candle lantern, possibly used on a ship – 1860, $200-300 - Pressed glass amethyst bowl in a fan pattern – 1890-1910, $25-40

Bottles and Extras - Donald Duck coffee tins from the late 40s to 50s – Sample tin, $50 range - Regular tin, $25 range - Folk Art decorated jug. Usually from around the 1900s. Growing market, $200-400 - Victorian portrait from about 1835, $350-600 - Civil War sword and scabbard. German steel, $250-450 - Pressed glass bud vase from around 1910, $30-40 - Engraved glass basket – Probably American from round 1910-1920, $50-75 - Wooden lap/traveling desk with German script – 1800-1850, $300-400 - Toy gun – Early ‘pop’ gun from around the 30s, $30-40 - Folk Art hand carved wooden Korean statues from around the 50s, $75-150 - Carved bone/celluloid apple or peach, probably Japanese from the 30s, $40-60 - American carnival glass plate from around 1910, $50-100 - Disneyland sterling bracelet from the first year it opened, $200-300 - Tiny cup and dish, probably Japanese or Chinese from the 50s, $30-45 - Small hand-painted French porcelain cup, $30-40 We wish the club success with their upcoming 2007 Antique Show & Sale on October 12-13. Hopefully you will have met your quota of over 100 tables! Los Angeles Historical Bottle Club – The Whittlemark We are privileged, as members of this club, to have first-hand information even before the club newsletter comes out. We are here to “spill” the proverbial beans. The club’s annual show was held in Arcadia, on September 8. There were 50 tables sold. The club had five member displays. Dick Homme has a 50 state Hutch type soda collection in work. I believe he is only five short of having all 50 states. He prepared a notebook of explanation for each state. In addition, he provided a large map of the 50 states on which to place one per. He placed either a green, blue or black identifying pipe cleaner over each bottle. A pipe cleaner encircled the base of each bottle pointed to the area it was from. These pipe cleaners represented the three categories of his collection. He is collecting Hutch-type sodas from small communities where there was either farming, fishing or mining. Dave Hall had a carefully arranged, brilliant back-lit display of his E.G.BOOZE Old Cabin Whiskeys in an array

Bottles and Extras of colors and shades. Tom Hanna, our mining items collector, had an attractive and chronological arrangement of items he’s collected throughout many years. There was incredible detail in Tom’s display, as well. Pam and Randy Selenak did a combination display of her, “Not So Modern Medicine” labeled bottles and some of his old dynamite and ammunition boxes. Pam painstakingly arranged her bottles in her antique cabinet. Randy placed his boxes carefully around the cabinet. Don Wippert brought in two of his display cases with a portion of his great collection of Jamaica Gingers. He also had many colors and shades that he proudly displayed. For those of you who participate in displaying you realize all of the time and attention to details that is involved in making displays magically appear for public appreciation. There was a drawing for seven, donated, raffle prizes at the show. Pam Selenak selected a nice whiskey cylinder as first prize. Second went to Tom Hanna. He gave his selection of a 1906 bottle, laced in silver, to his daughter for her birthday. Randy Selenak got to select a third prize. He chose an aqua Ayers bottle. Fourth prize went to Diane Kuskie. She walked away with a small, attractive, cobalt blue pitcher. Bob McDermon chose a display case as his fifth prize. A fruit jar went to sixth place winner, Dan Keyes and a bedside stand water carafe and cup went home with Margaret James. August’s edition of the Whittlemark got our attention with first vice president Dave Garcia’s, “Santa Ana Privy Dig” article accompanied by some great pictures of the adventure. Digging partners Dave and Lance even got treated to a lunch served outside by the elderly woman who gave them permission to dig! According to what Dave wrote, and substantiated by one of the pictures in the article, the two of them sat at a card table and ate some tasty soup. Dave said that “grandma” and her grandson even gave them some go-with’s like chips, tortillas, salsa, limes and a few sodas. In addition to their totally unexpected lunch, Dave wrote of their great finds of, “two punkers and two different Santa Ana pharmacies, a stone-ink, a good-sized pharm and a Lewis Hess.” It seems that Dave always does his homework. He comes prepared to show his maps and pictures of previous digs. We think he disarms some people with this approach, when asking for permission to dig. At dig’s end, grandma’s daughter’s husband shows up. He and Dave

November-December 2007 hit it off. Dave got a little concerned when a couple of seemingly curious guys show up with tattoos on their heads. Turns out they realized what was happening and offered their yards to Dave and Lance for a future dig. Dave and Lance finally decided to split as some drizzle was covering them, plus it was getting dark. Dave promised grandma that he’d be back in the morning to patch the asphalt. Dave figured that they had dug over one hundred bottles. “Tuckered, cold and soaked” they split their finds in a welllit parking lot, shook hands and took off for their respective homes. Washington Bottle Collectors Association – Ghost Town Echo Jeff Hooper’s article on his annual digging trip to the Midwest and East Coast is a “digger’s dream.” He writes that he took off this year, on May 2nd. Friends Ryan and Jeff started out digging together and made some pretty impressive finds. The first whole bottle was a pint Wm. Frank & Sons, Pittsburgh Union clasped hands and cannon historical flask. An emerald green Carter’s master ink was another great surprise. Additional finds included a pot lid with base, igloo ink and then several unembossed 1860-1870s medicines. Jeff took a nice break from digging and did some antiquing while visiting his folks in Pennsylvania. The Ohio bottle show, Jeff mentions, gave him an opportunity to meet with some bottle collecting friends and digging buddies. Jeff’s trip seemed a good mix of digging, attending a show and antiquing. Some of the other finds Jeff mentions in his article are: several open pontiled medicines, a best find of a Forshaw’s Alterative Balm and several pumpkinseed flasks. Jeff and his vehicle survived his 28 day, 7,095-mile-long trip. He seemed to learn that target balls are becoming harder to find and that he was happy to be home. Montana Bottle Collectors Association Club Secretary Tom Brackman sent out an E-mail memo on August 2, 2007. Here is some of what he wrote: “BOTTLE COLLECTORS TAKE NOTE: Our 5th Annual Show & Sale is coming up Friday, Aug. 10th and Saturday, Aug. 11th. There will be a short meeting of all members on Friday night after the 8 p.m. closing of the early bird and dealer set-up. Details about next year’s show in Butte during the American Folk Festival will be revealed. We do have a firm commitment to lease the Gymnasium at Montana Tech. DON’T MISS THIS… I think that you will

13 discover that president Henness is trying new and innovative ideas this year. For example, the club will sponsor a Silent Auction Table in a high-profile location. Members will be asked to donate an interesting bottle and either start the bidding or suggest a starting bid. At the end of the auction the donator has the option of receiving ½ the sale price with the other ½ going to the club or allowing the club to keep all of the proceeds. This is to help the club with the cost of sponsoring our annual show.” The Montana Club does not have monthly meetings. The next meeting is expected to be held in mid-March. They refer to this meeting as their winter meeting. So we probably won’t be hearing from our Montana friends until a few months down stream. In the meantime, we thought that we would share our experience of attending the club’s show this year. They had at least 30 or more tables. Tom Brackman, reservation chairman, said that five different states participated, in addition to their own state. To be somewhat specific, there was Chris Davis from the GVBCA, Rochester, New York, Jim and Julie Dennis from Durfur, Oregon, Pete from Washington, John Compton from Brigham City, Utah, and Charles and Tina Holt and Mike Henness from California. Their show had old bottles, antiques, brewerianna crockery, glassware advertising and other collectibles. A bunch of us pitched in to help set up and take down the tables and chairs. There was a real feeling of camaraderie. We were hot and sweaty doing this, but it was evident that we all realized the importance of being timely and ready for the start of the show. We were told that this was the club’s first formal show since their club formed in October, 2006. We learned that Tom Brackman and Ray Thompson had held prior informal shows. Their informal experience really gave backbone to this formal show. Keep us informed of anything new so that we can share your club’s progress, with our readers, in future issues of this magazine. San Diego Antique Bottle and Collectibles Club – The Bottleneck The idea that glass might not be allowed into the suggested site for this summer’s club party turned out to be true. The club ended up not being able to use the Mission Bay area. However, club members Clair and


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Pat Cunningham stepped up to the plate and hosted the party on Saturday, August 18. Club librarian, Terry Monteith has been working on reorganizing the club library. There is a comprehensive three page SDABCC Library Inventory – Updated June 30, 2007. This inventory appears in the September 2007 club newsletter. Club members Terry Monteith, Mike

Bryant, Larry Westfall, Jon and Matt Lawson, Frank Pekarek and Kathy Pavlick were reported to have checked out the LAHBC show in Arcadia on September 8. Mike Polak was also spotted at his sales table. There are some colorful pictures in the club newsletter of the Moss Landing Antique Street Faire that was held on July

Bottles and Extras 29, 2007. It appears that some club members took advantage of checking out the sales tables. There is a picture of one long table with lots of purple, amber and clear bottles on it. Pat Cunningham was showing off her purchase of a hand-painted bowl. Hubby, Clair, seems pleased with his purchase of a Wizard Mickey Mouse. Editor Mike Bryant was pictured to have attended as well.

“I feel awful. I think I might have a bug.” Statement of Ownership, Management and Circulation, as required by 39 U.S.C. 3685. Publication title: Bottles and Extras. Publication Number: 0052-62. Filing date: October 1, 2007. Published quarterly, 6 times per year. Annual Subscription Price: $30. Office of Publication: 401 Johnston Ct, Cass County, Raymore, MO 64083. Contact person: June Lowry, (816) 318-0160. Address of General Business Office of Publisher: June Lowry 401 Johnston Court, Raymore, MO 64083-9246. Publisher: June Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct, Raymore, MO 64083. Editor: Kathy Hopson-Sathe, 341 Yellowstone Dr., Fletcher, NC 28732. Owner: Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, 3706 Deerfield Cove, Shelby County, Memphis, TN 38135. Stock holders holding 1% or more of total amount of stock: none. The known bondholders, mortgagees and other security holders owning or holding 1% or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities: none. The purpose, function and nonprofit status of this organization and the exempt status for federal income tax purposes has not changed during preceding 12 months. Issue Date for Circulation Data Below: November, 2007. The average number of copies each issue during the preceding 12 months: a) Total number of copies - Net Press Run..... 1200; b) Paid and/or requested circulation- 1) Paid/Requested Outside-County Mail Subscriptions... 974; 2) Paid In-County Subscriptions... 2; 3) Sales through Dealers and Carriers, Street Venders and Counter sales and other non-USPS Paid Distribution...0. Other Classes Mailed Through the USPS...100. c) Total Paid and/or Requested Circulation... 1076; d) Free distribution by mail, samples, complimentary and other free copies... 1) Outside County... 0; 2) In-County... 0; 3) Other Classes... 0; e) Free Distribution Outside the Mail... 124; f) Total Free Distribution... 124; g) Total distribution... 1200; h) Copies Not Distributed... 0; i) Total...1200. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation: 90%. Number Copies of Single Issue Published Nearest to Filing Date: a) Total number of copies - Net Press Run... 1300; b) Paid and/or requested circulation- 1) Paid/Requested Outside-County Mail Subscriptions... 990; 2) Paid In-County Subscriptions... 2; 3) Sales through Dealers and Carriers, Street Vendors, and Counter sales and Other non-USPS Paid Distribution... 0; 4) Other Classes Mailed Through the USPS... 115, c) Total Paid and/or Requested Circulation... 1107; d) Free distribution by mail, samples, complimentary and other free copies... 1) Outside County...0; 2) InCounty... 0; 3) Other Classes... 0; e) Free Distribution Outside the Mail... 193; f) Total Free Distribution... 193; g) Total Distribution... 1300; h) Copies Not Distributed... 0; i) Total... 1300. Percent Paid and/or Requested Circulation... 85%. I certify that the statements made by me above are correct and complete. June Lowry, Publisher, 10/01/07.

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Glass Bottle Cleaning By Russ Parkin Introduction This article originally appeared in Issue 28 of the Antique Bottle Collector ( It is reprinted with permission. In the beginning I started bottle collecting in the 1970s, and, like many other diggers, continually searched for methods to bring my drab bottles back to their sparkling original condition. I avidly read books, like Fletcher’s “Bottle Collecting,” which told me to use soda crystals and plunge my bottles into buckets of sand and fine gravel to remove stains! Needless to say, I had very little success because most of my bottles were suffering from a seemingly impossible to remove “white sickness.” Applying oil or varnish helped to disguise the problem, but left me with an obviously doctored bottle. The “comedian” who told us that handpolishing bottles with cerium oxide (a fine polishing powder, a.k.a. “Jewellers Rouge”) was the answer certainly had a good sense of humor. I managed to wear half an inch off my fingers with no apparent effect on the glass, but desperation drove me to keep searching for an answer. I soon learned that the majority of Victorian glass bottles were made of cheap soda glass, which is a mixture of silica, soda and lime, and the later two ingredients dissolve very slowly in water. So, when bottles are buried for years in damp alkaline soil, the soda and lime leech out of the glass leaving a corroded hard surface crust of silica. As the bottles dry, this crust, which can be quite thick, turns opaque and even when the effect is very slight, the glass ends up with a rainbow surface iridescence that spoils the look of the bottle. The cleaning issue has dominated the hobby for many years and because bottle collecting is essentially about its aesthetic appeal, most people find that displaying scabby sick bottles, no matter how rare, mars their appeal. Over many years, a small band of collectors toiled away in their workshops like apprentice wizards at Hogwarts trying to resolve the cleaning problem. These secretive modern day alchemists learned that certain acids remove a layer of glass, leaving a shiny surface (more of which

later). Meanwhile, in the U.S.A., other inventors were experimenting with tumbling, a process based on the well-known pebble polishing methods used by lapidary enthusiast. This is essentially a constant, gentle mechanical erosion of rough surfaces to produce a fine, polished finish. Today, we have these two different methods of removing silica crusts, scratches and scuffing from bottles. Which is better? Well, there are two pros and cons for both, and I will leave you to decide - but I would like to thank all the pioneer cleaners who have developed these processes: we have all benefited by your innovative efforts and in some cases, sheer bravery! Removing mud and muck There are a few obvious precautions to take when dealing with freshly dug bottles that have been buried for a hundred years or so. Firstly, leave them to acclimatize to their new atmosphere for a few days. It is not a good idea to plunge them immediately into red hot baths of soapy water as this causes them to commit suicide, shattering into pieces. Start with a tepid soapy water bath and a good quality bottle brush to remove surface dirt. This may be enough for most bottles and a few rinses with clean water will leave them looking good. More persistent muck and rust stains can often be removed with diluted hydrochloric acid. I soak them in a bath for 24 hours, but they can be left for much longer if necessary. I am talking about using proprietary brick and patio cleaners available at most DIY (hardware) stores that contain at most 1% 2% acid. Even with these weaker solutions, you should follow sensible safety precautions that include wearing protective rubber gloves and safety glasses plus following the manufacturer’s instructions. Acids come in different strengths, but it is essential to use diluted concentrations. I do not recommend strong hydrochloric acids [Figure 1]. These need professional handling and are extremely dangerous, requiring correct personal protection equipment and health and safety considerations. Hydrochloric acid in stronger solutions gives off hydrochloric vapors, which can cause serious burns and breathing difficulties. It can also give off

Figure 1: Strong (32%) HCL acid, not recommended. highly inflammable hydrogen gas (used to inflate Zeppelins in WW I and boy, did they burn! The Hindenburg took just 32 seconds to complete burn out.) No bottle is worth the risk associated with using concentrated strong acids. Really stubborn rust stains can be removed with proprietary automotive rust removers such as “Jenolite” [Figure 2]. These products come as both

Figure 2: Jenolite rust remover.


Figure 3: An acid dipped bottle: shiny finish but with a waxy “orange peel” surface complete with pits and scratches. liquids and gels, and are readily available in car accessory shops. Acid polishing This is generally known in bottle collecting circles as “dipping.” It relies on the use of exceptionally strong and dangerous acids to remove a thin layer of glass, leaving a polished surface. In the hands of the experienced dipper, it can produce excellent results cheaply; it can also, however, ruin a bottle in seconds, leaving a greasy/waxy appearance [Figure 3] and sometimes stripping away the embossing. It will also leave the scratches and pitting, unless these are removed prior to dipping by rubbing down with an abrasive material such as emery paper. The acid dipping process, which I do not recommend to anyone, involves mixing concentrated sulfuric and hydrofluoric acids. These really are the nastiest boys on the block! When mentioning sulfuric acid to most people, they immediately think of an aggressive acid often used by Victorian axe murderers to dissolve all traces of their victims - enough said on that! Hydrofluoric however, is the absolute Satan of acids. This etches and eats the glass, while the added sulfuric interacts with it to keep the surface shiny as the glass dissolves. Needless to say,

November-December 2007 without professional handling equipment, such as laboratory standard fume cabinets and respirators, you are asking for trouble if you go this route. If an accident happens, you could be severely injured or even killed! Hydrofluoric loves to munch on calcium so if you get it on your skin, its properties may not allow you to notice its spillage for up to eight hours. In the meantime, it will be happily eating its way through your flesh in search of its favorite meal, bone! If it reaches this stage, no amount of calcium gel, which is used to neutralize it, will help you, and the next steps of first aid is to amputate! My research indicates that the U.K. Government is considering banning this acid, and so it may become unavailable in the future. I have also witnessed the effects of these acids at dipper’s houses. Their storage areas have opaque and frosted glass windows, rusting metals and dissolving drains. One dipper told me that he dips only in an open area of his garden on days when there is a stiff breeze so that his neighbors do not get pickled. But he still hears the local birds coughing! I am also pretty sure the Health and Safety Gestapo would take a very dim view of people using these highly pernicious chemicals in their homes, cellars, shed and gardens. I have to say that, unless you are an expert with access to approved laboratory equipment or you are a “sandwich short of a picnic,” you should avoid this method at all costs. Tumbling Tumbling machines have become a real hot topic recently. The Internet bottle forums are alive with conversation about them and a few British collectors are now experimenting with them. The process, unlike acid dipping, is unlikely to lead to serious injury or death, although it can be a messy business and significantly more expensive than acid dipping. The basic process is straightforward. The bottle is placed in a canister and mounted in a fixed position within it. It’s then bathed (inside and outside) in the tumbling medium, which is a mixture of polishing abrasive, water and a “carrier,” such as copper shot [Figure 4] or plastic pellets. Once the canister is loaded, it is slowly rotated on a set of rollers driven by an electric motor. The process can take from 3-10 days, depending on the degree of glass sickness. The action of the copper shot and abrasive powders gently and slowly removes minuscule layers of glass, bringing the surface back to the original shine. Depending on how corroded the glass

Bottles and Extras

Figure 4: New copper shot.

Figure 5: Black, foamy liquid generated by the tumbling.

Figure 6: Copper shot after use. is, it may be necessary to use different grades of polishing medium to get back to a good surface finish. Furthermore, some bottle nooks and crannies, such as Codd bottle lugs and poison bottle ribbing, can be difficult to get the tumbling medium into, so the size of the shot can be critically important. It is also important to emphasize the importance of using the correct abrasive powders of the right grade and amounts. Get this wrong and the result can be disastrous as heavily embossed bottles can soon become un-embossed! The basic process starts with relatively coarse abrasive powders, with “cut off” the corrosion (sickness). This medium is then replaced with progressively finer powders that polish the newly exposed surface. Canisters need to be unloaded and everything thoroughly washed to avoid cross contamination before reloading with

Bottles and Extras a finer powder. Bottles also need to be turned in their mounting to remove the “touch marks” that have not been in contact with the tumbling medium. After several days of tumbling, the medium becomes a black foaming liquid [Figure 5] that stains everything it comes in contact with, so old clothes and rubber gloves are essential. Also, the copper turns black with use [Figure 6]. Conclusion There is not a bottle in the world that would induce me to mess with dangerous acids or to recommend it as an option for the average collector as I’m convinced that breathing in their fumes will get you in the end, but I do recognize that it is generally cheap and may be as little as £5 ($10.18 USD) for a “quick dip.” Furthermore, if it is done well, it can produce good results. My preferred solution to bottle cleaning is tumbling. Use it regularly and it produces good to really excellent results [Figure 7]. You need a bit of experience to get it right, but it is something that can be done by anyone in their garden shed with little to no risk to health. Tumbling is relatively expensive, however, as there is the capital costs of buying or building a tumbling machine. The process also requires continuous use of an electric motor: I estimate about £18 ($36.65 USD) of electricity a month (based on 10p per

November-December 2007 hour per kW) for 1/3 HP motor running 24/7. Consumables also need to be taken into account - £10 ($20.36 USD) per pound for silicon carbide, £3 ($6.11 USD) per pound for aluminium oxide; copper shot is not cheap, but it does last a long time. There is also the time and costs of regularly cleaning down the equipment. Another consideration is that the process is much slower than acid dipping and the volume of bottles you can clean is limited by the time it takes and by the number of canisters your machine holds at one time. The limit with acid cleaning is when you get bored, the acid starts losing its cleaning strength or you get taken to the hospital. Before setting up a tumbler, it is worth assessing whether you will even clean enough bottles to cover the setup and running costs. Maybe it would be better to pay someone a few pounds to do it for you and let them have the problem. If you do consider it an investment, then I can recommend tumbling as a very rewarding pastime, turning pig’s ears into silk purses, as the phrase goes.

17 A small, single canister machine will provide you with your own personal bottle restoration shop! I recommend buying a custom-built machine as apposed to designing and making your own. While self-build may appear simple, I can guarantee there is more to it than meets the eye, unless you are an accomplished engineer. Even then, there is an immense amount of trial, error and experience needed to get it right, which has already been done for you with a commercial machine. In your pursuit of cleaning bottles, you should remember that you are dealing with antique glass, which was originally made quickly and cheaply on a huge commercial basis, and as a result, often contained flaws that can lead to cracks and breakages during any cleaning process. While this is rare, it is still a risk; no commercial cleaners will give you a guarantee that your bottle will not break and they will certainly not offer any insurance against breakages it is all at your own risk. Tumbling? Acid? Or leave it to others? Ultimately, you choose your poison, so to speak - hopefully, not literally!

Review of a Bottle Tumbling Machine Machine: Jar Doctor large 6-canister Platinum Series 2 extended machine When it comes to commercially produced tumbling machines, “Jar Doctor” is the world leader. Ordering The brains behind “Jar Doctor” is Wayne Lowry from Raymore, Mo., ably assisted by his wife, June. I placed an Internet order ( and received very friendly and efficient service. My questions were immediately answered with all of the available options, combined with helpful suggestions. It was clear that I was not just buying a machine, I was also getting 12 years of development knowledge for free. If you have problems, then Wayne will help you solve them. I placed my order for the Platinum Series 2 extended machine [Figures 8-10] and awaited delivery, which due to a holiday period and U.K. Customs wanting their pound of flesh, took over three weeks to arrive.

Figure 7: The same bottle as in Figure 3, but now tumbled to a bright, smooth re-polished finish.

Figure 11: Two examples of Jar Doctor cleaning powders.

Cost The cost of the whole package, which included a European 2 speed motor, 120 pounds of short cut copper, 30 pounds of various powders [Figure 11], six canisters, stopple wrench, bottle brushes and a variety of stopples, was $2555 (approx. £1300). Given the capabilities of the machine and the expert personal support supplied, I found this very reasonable, however,


November-December 2007

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beware of the transportation costs - shipping airmail, fully insured, came to a further £500 ($1018 USD). You can, of course, send it surface slightly cheaper, providing you are prepared to wait. My tumbler is one of the large machines; smaller machines are obviously cheaper. When it reached the U.K., Tony Blair’s henchmen at Customs and Excise levied their taxes, which, with Parcel Force delivery fees, added another £320 ($652 USD) ouch! If you were to insure at half price, then this fee is reduced. The total cost came to £2120 ($4316 USD). While this is quite expensive, don’t forget this is the larger machine designed for commercial use; smaller machines with fewer canisters are cheaper and not as heavy and therefore the prices start to tumble so to speak.

Figure 8

Delivery and assembly My machine was very well packed and arrived intact, despite the transporting services doing everything possible to ensure otherwise. The packaging had been through the wars. Once unpacked, assembly was painless with excellent instructions and parts clearly marked. The construction needed an Allen key that was supplied with the machine and a couple of spanners. The other had to be changed from 110v to 240v, which was done in seconds by swapping over two easily accessible wires. (This is normally done in the factory, but it missed this one.) Then a U.K. 3pin electric plug and I was ready to go.

Figure 9

Figure 10

Figures 8-10: Jar Doctor large 6-canister Platinum Series 2 extended machine Figure 12

Construction The quality of construction is excellent with everything made to a good industrial standard - no Heath Robinson effort here! The frame is solid and well engineered with heavy duty components. It uses a stainless steel vinyl cased drive bar and maintenance-free, self-aligning ballbearing pillow blocks. The bearing unit is encased in a nonconductive oil-resistant rubber liner, which corrects misalignment and reduces noise and vibration. It has an easily adjustable roller system, which can accommodate different diameter canisters. Simply unlock a spring-loaded locking pin in the mounting and the roller can be moved to a different setting. Small nylon rollers on the mounting are set to deal with the canister’s lateral movement. The canisters and, most importantly, the amazing stopples are also of the highest quality. The stopples seat each end of the canister while holding the bottle in situ. These took years of development to get right. Don’t think you can get away with a bit of drainpipe and a rubber bung! The heavy duty motor transfers its power smoothly via two adjustable and changeable belts and aluminum pulley wheels, which are used to change the speed (RPM) of the rollers. Use The instructions are comprehensive without being a rocket science docket. I followed them to the letter and got instant professional results from my tumbling. The canisters are easy to load; simply put copper shot, water and powder in the bottle,

Bottles and Extras then mount it in the fingered stopple, load it into the canister and put more copper, powder and water around the outside of the bottle. Seal it in the canister with the cone stopple, which supports the mouth of the bottle [Figure 12] of either aluminum, tin or cerium oxide, again the correct grade is critical. Then it’s straight on to the rollers and away you go. You have to turn the canisters end-to-end twice a day to ensure that each side of the embossing comes into contact with the copper. The first tumbling stage uses a silicon carbide powder [Figure 11] that has a ‘cutting’ effect that gently strips away a very thin surface layer of glass. Wayne supplies the correct one for the job. Be warned, if you try to use your own from a commercial supplier and get the wrong grade you could find yourself with an unembossed bottle in as little as 12 hours! It’s therefore well worth buying it from Wayne. After about three days of tumbling you move to stage two which is to unload, clean off the cutting powder and reload with a polishing compound. This part of the process is messy and will take about two hours for six canisters. The resultant black foamy liquid stains terribly and you will need to rinse all trace of the cutting powder to

Figure 13 >

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ensure no cross contamination occurs. You might need to reload again if there are marks left by the stopple fingers (where the copper doesn’t come in contact with the bottle). That’s about it, apart from the fact that you are learning all the time. For example, I quickly found that the hardness of bottle glass can vary a lot and as a result, polishes must also be varied. Shapes, such as squares, need to be tumbled on a slower speed, which can be done easily by moving the motor drive belt onto the different sized pulley wheels. Conclusions To sum everything up, I have three main conclusions: Firstly, the results speak for themselves as shown by the before [Figure 13] and after [Figure 14] results of tumbling a very sick and corroded Codd bottle. Like everything in life, you gain experience as you go along, and the same can be said here. I get better at it as I gain experience. With a Jar Doctor machine the difference is that, even without this immediate experience, you will get great results straight away, and if you do get stuck, then Wayne is always willing to help. Secondly, careful consideration must be

given to where to site the machine. The tumbling process generates noise and it really needs an outside workshop. A back bedroom is NOT an option; the drone would drive you crazy. The rollers also like to be warm; if they are cold, I find the canisters do not turn evenly. However, if you have a small shed/workshop, the motor generates enough heat to warm the rollers. Thirdly, this is a great bit of kit, wellconstructed and likely to be working without problems a decade from now. What really is wonderful about this tumbler is that everything has been fully developed. The whole package, from the right size of copper to the correct powders and the running system, are at the end of the evolutionary scale rather than at the start. For the average person who wants to have hassle-free professional results, there is no doubt in my mind that this set up will do the job. The bottles are restored to a fresh glass shine, rather than the waxy finish you often get from acid dipping. The only downside I can see is that it is expensive to get it from the U.S. to the U.K. The whole machine is very good value for the money, and if you want to tumble on a big scale, then the machine reviewed is the one for you.

< Figure 14

Questions or comments can be directed to Russ Parkin by E-mail: Russ is part of the editoral team of the Antique Bottle Collector (U.K.) in charge of finance, subscriptions and distribution. You can find out more about the ABC, and see some of Russ’s other articles, from the magazine’s website: Editor’s Note: Our appreciation to Russ, and the Antique Bottle Collector, for allowing us to reprint his article and the information he shares with us in it.


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

Collectiing Soda Pop Bottles: A Review By Bill Baab Ron Fowler of Seattle, Washington credits his parents, Ralph and Ruth Fowler, “for instilling in me the importance of attention to detail,” and that philosophy is reflected in each of the 164 pages of his book, “Collecting Soda Pop Bottles.” He first published the book in 1984, with a second printing five years later. After finding even more information through research, he decided to expand and rewrite it, self-publishing the third printing through his Seattle History Company in 2006. This book will be a welcome addition to libraries of collectors, whether they’re longtime or brand new to the hobby. Fowler is presently known for his efforts in compiling a national listing of Hutchinson bottles, dedicating it to the late Joe Nagy who started the Herculean task many years ago, but died before he could complete it. Fowler picked up where Joe left off and the numbers have reached a mind-boggling 15,000-plus and are climbing. He opens his book by discussing the psychology of why people collect bottles and then moves on to the various kinds of containers, from the earliest blob top “pop” bottles, to Hutchinsons, stoneware, crown tops and applied color label bottles. Siphon (a.k.a. seltzer) bottles are examined in depth and bottle design patents discussed in detail. The value and sources of ephemera, notably bottling company letterheads, are listed, with many anecdotes of interest to collectors. Fowler’s research uncovered lots of information pertinent to bottling companies, uncovering brand names, many of which have disappeared into the mists of time. Afri-Kola, Bludwine, Booz, CaroCola, Champtail, Moxie, Plum Yum — well, the listing goes on and on. He also discovered the many flavors of those brands, including Apricot, Birch Beer, Cloudy, Gilt-Edge, Cherry Julo and Lime Julo, to name a few. The “Cola Wars” during which the chief combatants were CocaCola and Pepsi-Cola, with “camp followers” Koca Nola, Fig Cola, Candy Cola, Gay Ola and other Coca-Cola copycats getting involved, are certain to be of interest to the collector-reader. For years, origin of the term “pop” has been attributed to a sound made when the heel of the hand was sharply applied to a Hutchinson soda’s loop closure, breaking the seal between it and the effervescent drink inside the bottle. Fowler pooh-poohs that notion in listing his own opinions. Backgrounds of several major brands, including Moxie, Dr Pepper and Hires’ Root Beer, are contained in this wonderful book. Fowler discusses the value of soft drink franchising and adds a chapter about a Bottling Works Time Capsule. This was the Pioneer Soda Bottling Works of Davenport, Washington where, following the death of one of the principal owners, acquaintances discovered the original (still working) bottling equipment and a vast archives Other books by Ron Fowler: Ice-Cola Soda Pop 5¢ - An Illustrated History of Oregon Soda Pop Bottling Washington Sodas - The Illustrated History of Washington’s Soft Drink Industry

of labels, letterheads, bottles, caps and other memorabilia. Final chapter of the book explains how readers can get involved in research and lists the various sources, including city and telephone directories, newspaper Microfilm files and local and state archives. This is followed by a bibliography of the author’s source books, many out of print, but possibly available through internet searches. Text of the book is complemented by loads of photos, ads and other illustrations.

COLLECTING SODA POP BOTTLES, by Ron Fowler. 164 wellillustrated pages. $19.95, including free shipping via U.S. Postal Service Media Mail (Washington state residents add 8.9 percent ($1.77) sales tax per book. Send personal checks (held until it clears) or money orders to: Ron Fowler, 4518 35th Ave., N.E. Seattle, WA 98105-3002. Satisfaction guaranteed. If you’re not completely satisfied after 10 days, return the book for a full refund.

The Bottler’s’ Helper: A Practical Encyclopaedia For The Bottler Of Soft Drinks (Originally published 1907, reprinted 1993 by Ron Fowler)

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007


Tale of Two Cities: the Kola Wars Review of two books in one take, by Bill Baab When Coca-Cola’s popularity started taking off, competing small bottlers noticed. But Coca-Cola had something going for it that the small fries did not: Money to spend advertising its product nationwide, later around the world. Collectors of antique bottles, particularly soda water bottles, have always been fascinated by those Coca-Cola wannabees. While many of the soda waters were manufactured in Small Town U.S.A., others made their bids for fame and fortune in larger cities. Dennis Smith, a former Alabama resident who migrated for business reasons to the Buffalo, N.Y., area several years ago, has devoted much of his spare time to research. A result has been a series of booklets, latest of which are titled “Kola Wars: Birmingham,” and “Kola Wars: Atlanta.” Smith charted such diverse brands as Celery=Cola, My-Coca, Cola-Nip, Wiseola, Glee-Cola, Cafa Cola, Lima-Cola, Koko, Koca Nola, Nifty Cola, Afri-Kola and even Dope. He has become the authority on Celery=Cola. In both booklets, he lists each brand in alphabetical order, reveals the date it was founded and other pertinent facts, including the date it went out of business. Illustrations of ads and vintage photos help complement the text, but except those pictured in advertising matter, there are no bottle photos. Many of the bottlers’ operations were short-lived because the Coca-Cola Company took them to court because of the similarity in brand names and usually won. Making a collection of bottles really isn’t much fun if collectors don’t know the historical backgrounds of the bottlers. Dennis Smith has saved all of us hours, months and even years of research. Each booklet is $15 postpaid from the author. Personal checks are accepted and should be made payable to Dennis Smith and mailed to P.O. Box 1913, Buffalo, NY 14225. Smith grew up in Birmingham, Ala., and started collecting bottles as a teenager during the 1960s. “I, too, was fascinated by all the different soda brands I dug and started researching their histories,” he said. “Celery=Cola was the most interest to me with its connection to Coca-Cola. I edited the Alabama Bottle Collectors Society newsletter and then wrote a book on Alabama bottlers. “I moved to California in 1985 and between work and family earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in archaeology and finished two years of graduate work. I helped research and write archaeological reports and a graduate paper titled “Soft Drinks and Dopes: Changing Perceptions of Soda Pop in American Culture.” Smith moved to Buffalo, N.Y., in 1991 and still actively collects and researches soft drink history. “I have collected information from bottlers’ trade magazines, nbewspapers, directories, court and patent records and through Other books by Dennis Smith: Kola Wars: Atlanta Kola Wars: Birmingham There’s None So Good: The Story of Chero-Cola Alabama Coca-Cola Bottlers and Their Bottles Dr. Pepper and Deacon Brown

correspondence with collectors and descendants of the people who operated the companies. I’ve done research in state archives from Alabama and Georgia to New York, the Library of Congress, New York City Public Library and other libraries from California to Florida to Canada.” Smith also is the author of “There’s None So Good: The Story of Chero-Cola,” “Alabama Coca-Cola Bottlers and Their Bottles,” “Dr. Pepper and Deacon Brown,” “Anniston Bottlers,” “Gadsden Bottlers,” “Tuscaloosa Bottlers,” “Selma Bottlers,” “Mobile Bottlers” and “Montgomery Bottlers.”

KOLA WARS: ATLANTA, by Dennis Smith. 60 well-illustrated pages. $15 postpaid from the author. Personal checks are accepted and should be made payable to Dennis Smith and mailed to P.O. Box 1913, Buffalo, NY 14225. Anniston Bottlers Gadsden Bottlers Tuscaloosa Bottlers Selma Bottlers Mobile Bottlers Montgomery Bottlers


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

Collinsville (Illinois) National Show 2007 “Back to where it all began” was the theme for the 2007 Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors’ show as we returned to the area of the first EXPO held in St. Louis in 1976. This year’s show was held in the Gateway Center at Collinsville, Illinois August 17-19. This was a great location, the facility was well-lit and convenient as it was located about 200 yards from the Holiday Inn, the host hotel.

printing and mailing of Bottles and Extras.

There were many fine restaurants by as well as the Historic “Big Tomato,” the world’s largest catsup bottle, just south of Main Street in downtown Collinsville. This restored 170-feet tall water tower was built by W.B. Caldwell Company in 1949.

The banquet speaker was Greg Hawley, one of the treasure hunters who located and excavated the Steamboard Arabia. He gave a wonderful program, captivating the audience by his story of the transformation of his group from a “Get Rich Group” to a totally dedicated group of historic preservationists. He validated the service of the FOHBC members by our efforts to find and preserve our beautiful bottles and other artifacts. Everyone was all so taken with him that no one wanted the program to end. He also wrote a book, Treasure in a Cornfield, that chronicled the process of finding and digging this boat as well as the effort to preserve their finds.

This great show was chaired by Wayne Lowry and assisted by Curt and Ellen Faulkenberry, Jim and Debbie Taylor and Pat Jett. The FOHBC board met Friday morning, August 17, at 9 a.m. and a general membership meeting from 1 to 2 p.m. The banquet was held at 7 p.m., with a reception from 6 to 7 p.m., giving time for friends to great and reminence. The food was delicious. President Carl Sturm presented plaques to contest winners and gave a President’s Award to a surprised June Lowry for her hard work on behalf of the FOHBC as well as selecting a new printer, saving many thousands of dollars for the

Greg Hawley

Dennis Smith. Mike Elling was originally scheduled but had an emergency in his family, so Dennis filled in with a very informative program, giving the history of Chero-Cola that became the Nehi Company and finally Royal Crown (“RC”) Company. Dennis Smith

Artifacts from the Arabia. Artifacts from the Arabia.

Saturday began at 7 a.m. with dealer and early admission registration. Members were treated to various seminars beginning at 9 a.m. “Something for Everyone” was presented by Jelly Jammer members Phyllis Pahlman and Margaret Shaw. “Chero-Cola - There’s None So Good” was presented by

The Painted Soda Bottle Association was presented by Kathy Hopson-Sathe, the publisher of the bi-monthly Soda Fizz magazine (and Bottles and Extras). John “Digger” O’Dell gave a seminar titled “Using the Internet to Collect Bottles - Dirtless Digging.” Digger has retired as a school teacher and has become a research expert on uncovering former mysteries by the use of the computer. John “Digger” O’Dell

Keith Leeders, John Hinkel, Ed and Lucy Faulkner, Frank Starczek and Don Carroll presented the “Ink Symposium.” These six collectors are very knowledgeable about different types of inks, are enthusiastic and passionate about their category in this hobby. Gene Bradberry and Ed Provine, two long time collectors and active members of the FOHBC since its beginning, gave a show and tell about early glass blowing methods and the tools of this trade. This was a very interesting program! There was also a slide presentation of the 1976 EXPO held in St. Louis, moderated by Norman and June Barnett, members of the FOHBC Hall of Fame. This was well received by all attending.

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The 1976 Expo’s “Long Timers” pose for the camera. At 1 p.m., the doors were opened to admit a large group of dealers and early admissions. The excitement was very evident with laughter and frenzies around tables as boxes were being unpacked. This set-up lasted until 5 p.m., but it seemed only minutes as the time passed too quickly. Buyers were hustling from table to table, looking at items for their collection as well as items to resale.

There were special pins given to those members that attended the first EXPO, called “Long Timers.” This was a nice way to recognize those of us that have been around for a “long time” (not old timers), supporting the FOHBC. A group photo (shown above) was taken after the closing of the show on Saturday. After a short period to eat dinner, the auction preview started. This event was chaired by Ned Pennington and he did a great job securing a nice variety of clean, colorful bottles. These were photographed

Col. John Newman, auctioneer.

by Greg Spurgeon and auctioned by Col. John Newman. Ned, John and Greg are all from Indiana and are very active members of our hobby. There were 235 pieces in the auction bringing good prices. The top item was a puce National Bitters (corn) bringing $3000. The auction was well attended not only because of the quality items, but also because Wayne Lowry brought fun to the auction with a raffle. Prizes were $100 credit slips to be used at the show for purchases, t-shirts and programs from the first EXPO held just across the river in St. Louis - and these were a hit!

At the auction, real cash was also given away as Jeff Wichmann, of the American Bottle Auction, Sacramento, California, gave $500 to five lucky winners and also consigned three bottles with proceeds donated to the FOHBC. This was a very generous gesture. Remember to thank Jeff when you speak to him. Sunday morning came all too soon, as did the 3 p.m. show close. This was a wonderful show with dealers from New York to California, Wisconsin to Florida, and all between. A time to visit with old

Auction action.

Gerry Phifer (seated) talks bottles with two young collectors.


November-December 2007

friends, make new friends, share stories about collections and reminising about previous Nationals and EXPOs. This show saw 230 plus gate attendees as well as the early admissions. I think everyone enjoyed themselves. Dealers sold well and many people bought items to add to their own collections. The FOHBC is proud of the education features of our shows as we had 19 excellent

displays featuring a broad list of categories. These were not hastily put together as there were many rarities in each display. The educational displays and seminars are an important part of our shows. If you did not attend these, you missed a lot. Please try to attend at future shows! The weather was hot and dry in this area, but it cooperated for our event as a cool front came through and everything came

Bottles and Extras together to make a great show. Many people are already excited about next year’s EXPO in York, Pennsylvania. Old timers remember the great shows there in the past. Let’s plan for this to be our best! Submitted by: Sheldon Baugh, past president and current director at large for the FOHBC.

Eyecups and eye bath display by Raymond Stenseth, St. Louis, Mo.

Wendell Short at his table.

Steve Hochhalter’s table demonstrating his results in polishing glass. Bludwine and Budwine soft drink bottles and collectibles display by Mark E. Williams, Athens, Ga.

Jim Hall holds a bottle while John Pastor (center) and Ed Gray (right) look on.

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Carl Sturm, Longwood, Fla., with his Half-pint Historical Flasks display. Smile display from George Casnar, Festus, Mo..

Western Medicines and Tolietries display by Alan and Vicki Weaver, Sedalia, Mo.

Labeled Inks (L) and Miniature Bottles (R) displays by John and Sue Hinkel, Pacific, Mo.

Just a few of the nineteen displays at Collinsville

Celery Cola display by Dennis Smith from Buffalo, New York.

Fruit jar from Alan Connerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s display.

Farm-related Glass Bottles, etc., MilkVet-Canning display by Clinton and Sarah Davis from Milstadt, Illinois


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Bottles and Extras

Ed Gray (L) and Jim Hall (R).

< Dan and Judy Corker at their tables.

Lots of glass

Jim Scharnagel (seated) talking to Tony Stringfellow (standing).

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007

TARGET BALL COLLECTORS CATCH UP Collinsville FOHBC National Show is a great time to get together to talk (and talk, and talk, and ...) By Ralph Finch The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors held its annual show in Collinsville, Illinois, Aug. 16-19, and a great time was had by all — especially target ball collectors. The glass ball group was well represented by Mike Caraker of Missouri, Peter Frobouck of Pittsburgh, Tom Hicks of Georgia, Mike and (son) Sean O’Malley of Missouri, Dave Shadel of Nevada, Bob Strickhart of New Jersey, and yours truly. “It was the first show of this kind that I have attended,” wrote Frobouck in an E-mail. “The show for me was fairly interesting,” Frobouck continued, “even though I am not a bottle collector. Mike O’Malley did a fantastic job on the display (it had to cost him a few bucks), but with all the comments, I think that it gave new people a real feel about target ball collecting and it might bring new young people into it, and this is what all hobbies need.” I asked Peter about the challenge of his display of rare balls, which featured approximately $75,000 worth of glass: “I wasn’t too concerned about the balls,” Frobouck answered. “I had them well packed, but you never know. “I am sure that Mike O will have much more to say about the show.” And, indeed, he did: “The target ball tablecloth was made by a local company that builds exhibits for trade shows. I walk in one day with a CD in my hand. I say, ‘boys, can you take this CD full of target balls and make me a tablecloth?’ “I am used to the question, ‘what’s a target ball.’ I think this time it cost me. They said, ‘No problem, we’ll make you proud,’ and they did. “The three-panel display board was gathering dust in a storage room at work. I wanted to show the big name stars of the glass ball period, show some of the traps with colored balls and attempt to illustrate a brief timeline of the history of trapshooting. “The slide show was put together with some of the balls in my collection, pictures I have scanned into my files, and music

from Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony Ode to Joy. “Dave, Peter, Sean. I cannot thank them enough. A trite statement I know. Sean is

This is just part of Mike O’Malley’s very professional display of target balls that covered two tables at the show. It earned well-deserved comments of praise.

When you walked into the large display room at the Gateway Center, you were greeted by Mike’s smiling face (above) and incredible exhibit of great target balls. (The continuous slide show was changing ball photos.) Right: More of Mike’s display.

27 the one that got us started in target ball collecting. “What more do I need to say. I love this game. Peter Frobouck and Dave Shadel; we have been corresponding in person by phone and e-mail for the last few years. They are always ready to take time to help us in any way. Other than these two men, only you and England’s John Hargreaves have a clue to how numerous and persistent my questions can be. “I love this game!”


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

The Arabia Bottles September 5, 1856 By Charles Harris Ooltewah, Tenn. I know that this might look a little like an advertisement, but really it’s not. I just got back from Kansas City, Missouri and had a chance to go see the Arabia Museum. I have been hearing about this museum for years and finally had a chance to visit it after a four-hour “out-of-my-way” excursion. We had gone to Branson, Mo., for our annual American Collectors of Infant Feeders (ACIF) Baby Bottle Convention, which put us within striking distance of Kansas City. The Arabia was a double side-wheeler steamboat that sunk on the Missouri River very near Kansas, Mo., the present Kansas City. She was 171 feet long, 29 feet wide, and drew 4 3/4 feet of water, allowing her to carry 222 tons of cargo and passengers. Heading upriver on September 5, 1856 she hit a large walnut tree snag that penetrated her hull, quickly sinking her. All the passengers had enough time to get off the ship as she sunk in somewhat shallow water, leaving the superstructure exposed. In fact, all of their baggage was also recovered and brought ashore that afternoon and left there during the night. Sometime after dark fell this baggage was

all rifled of any valuables of which it contained. None of these personal belongings were ever recovered. As the Missouri River gradually changed course, the resting place of the Arabia was lost to all except a few locals. The first successful attempt to recover her treasures was in 1897 when a team of treasure hunters out of St. Joseph, Mo., managed to dig down to her deck. They were trying to recover the supposed 400 barrels of Kentucky bourbon that she was thought to be carrying and they actually penetrated her deck in three different locations. All they managed to find were hats, shoes and boots, so they gave up and let her rest. Over the years there have been numerous unsuccessful attempts at salvaging the cargo of the Arabia. The next attempt was made in 1988 by three men, a restaurant owner, a heating and air conditioner man, and a construction man. What a grouping for a big recovery job! With the help of a big bank loan the project was started — not one federal or state dollar was involved — imagine that. The site was located in two hours with a magnetometer and the big equipment was

Three different decorative scroll whiskey flasks, a bottle of cosmetics, 1,000s of Indian trade beads, and the total money recovered: 26 cents (two silver dimes, a silver half-dime and an 1856 large cent), representing the total of monies recovered.

Some Wedgwood dinnerware and 72 of the decorative scroll whiskey flasks in three different sizes and at least three different color shades.

brought in. At a depth of 16 feet the water began seeping in from the water table and then the site began to flood. Twenty large pumps and diesel engines were brought in and the pumping began to the tune of 6,000 gallons of diesel fuel per week for the remainder of the project. The deck of the Arabia was contacted at the 45 foot level and the recoveries began to emerge from the muck — all 200 tons of them. I know that my wife, Teresa, was hoping to find some baby bottles or invalid feeders in the museum, but none were to be found. Evidently they were not needed on the frontier in 1856. Remember pliable, vulcanized rubber, used in the nipples, was

Writing instruments and ink bottles. Master inks behind, a cobalt blue umbrella ink and other ink bottles and ink wells. Writing pens are in the bottle to the left. Dishes of all types and styles in the far background.

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Unknown bottles of medicine to the left, Mexican Mustang Liniment to the right. not invented till about twenty years before. On the frontier breast feeding was still the norm. As a result of this disappointment, I’m going to stray from the baby bottle theme of my articles a little and look at some of the food bottles that were being shipped into the frontier of this great country. After all, the adults had to eat. First of all, I might as well mention that the 1897 attempt was all for naught,

Cathedral pepper sauce bottles with table knives as a backing. They are embossed “Western Spice Mills.”

because the 400 kegs of Kentucky bourbon were not to be found on the Arabia. As far as kegs of alcohol are concerned, only one keg of Ale was actually found. Yes, there were some boxes that contained gin, wine, cider, champagne, cognac and sherry, but no kegs of Kentucky bourbon. The bottles and jars recovered contained primarily foodstuffs for the frontier housewife and most likely the very few of the better restaurants that existed on the frontier. When recovered from the muck, most of the bottles were sealed with various sizes of corks. Because of the fear of the corks shrinking and exposing the contents to the risk of bacterial growth as the corks dried after 132 years of submersion, the recovery team coated every one of the cork seals with melted canning wax and placed the bottles in cold storage at 36 degrees F. The real delicacies were the bottles of brandied cherries, both light and dark, that had traveled over 6,000 miles from France so pioneers could make cherry pie. They traveled by steamship to New York, then by train to St. Louis, before being loaded on to the Arabia. Merchants sold these bottles of Brandied Cherries for $1.50 per

Three more of the decorative scroll whiskey flasks with some of the French perfume bottles in front and a dish full of Indian Trade Beads.

29 bottle. Ten days later on Jan.7, 1989, one of the first boxes to be opened was marked, “Assorted Pie Fruit, Price and Littic, Baltimore.” In this box there were the bottles of gooseberries, blueberries, rhubarb, apples, cherries, and blackberries. These were all in round necked cylinder bottle made of both clear and green glass. Some of the prettier bottles were the “Cathedral” pepper sauce bottles, so named because the panels looked much like the stained glass Gothic cathedral windows so common on the European continent. Attempting to compete with the English delicacies, the American companies designed and used these beautiful Cathedral bottles. The pepper sauce was badly needed because of the inadequate cold storage during the 1800s. This lack of cold storage caused the meat to deteriorate quite rapidly and the early Americans used the pepper sauce and other spices to flavor the meat and cover up the rancid taste. These tall pepper sauce bottles were in wooden boxes stuffed with sawdust and marked “Western Spicemills Pepper Sauce, St. Louis.” These bottles are also embossed in the Cathedral window panels with “Western Spice Mills” sauce. As Greg Hawley describes in his book, Treasure in a Cornfield, on many days the finders could not resist the temptation of “pot holing” or moving to a different part of the side wheeler and spending a day checking a new area rather than staying with their systematic search pattern. On one of those days they first opened a crate of footwear, stating, “If this footwear ever comes back in style, we’re set for life. “The next box was more to my liking: three gorgeous, white stoneware pitchers manufactured by Wedgwood. With darkness closing in, we hoisted the day’s final box from the cargo hold and gently set it on the main deck. When we lifted the lid, we discovered beautiful ‘Cathedral’ bottles containing bright green pickles. Each bottle carried an oval label made of lead foil which read, ‘Sweet Pickles, Wells Provost & Co. 215, 217 & 219 Front Street Wholesale Depot, New York’.” “The pickles looked good enough to eat and Jerry Mackey proved it. Taking his knife, Jerry sliced off a small chunk of pickle and popped it into his mouth. A few chews and one swallow later, Jerry smiled and said, ‘They’re sweet pickles, and they are great’.” Another fascinating recovery were the bottles of perfume that were heading for


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Bottles and Extras

Left: To the right are various sizes of Cathedral pickle and relish jars, shot glasses (bottom side up), fronted by ink bottles and a Maguire Druggists St. Louis, Mo. standing in front of the plate. Right: Green Cathedral Pickled Relish bottles. On all of the bottles you can see where the corks have been dipped in a canning wax solution to keep the corks from drying out, which would have allowed bacteria to enter the contents. the frontier to make the women palatable to their men. They were still sealed and full. Right after the recovery they opened two dissimilar bottles and inhaled a tapestry of floral aromas. After 132 years under the water, mud and sand the fragrance continued to permeate. This was a moment that the Treasure Hunters would never forget. They even sent samples to technicians at International Flavors and Fragrances, Inc. (IFF) in New York City. One of the fragrances, upon being analyzed, proved to contain: aldehydes, mimosa, marigold, jasmine, muguet, rose, narcissi, moss, vetivert, sandalwood, musk, and orris. With IFF’s help the scent has been

reproduced and may be sampled at the Arabia museum. Then cases of medicines were also recovered, most unmarked, but some of them were in embossed bottles, declaring their origin and contents. Some of these were: Castor Oil; Nerve and Bone Liniment, Maguire Druggist, St. Louis, Mo.; Mexican Mustang, Dr. D. Jones Expectorant; and some small round pills of an unknown substance in small round tins. Also after lunch on Jan. 9, 1989, an amazing find of bottles was located and recovered. It consisted of cases of superb examples of decorative scroll whiskey

flasks. They were blue and green bottles packed in straw. The box was marked, “Christian Ihmsen and Sons, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.” As stated in the book, Treasure in a Cornfield, Mr. Hawley states, “These decorative scroll whiskey flasks originated in the 1830s” and also mentioned an article by Ralph Finch in which he stated that “practically every glasshouse along the river made them.” Today collectors are willing to spend thousands of dollars for some of these once common bottles. “Pristine examples, such as those found aboard the Arabia, are virtually unknown. Trapped in the bowels of this steamer and

Left: Assorted Pie Fruit. These round cylinder bottles contained gooseberries, apples, blackberries, cherries, blueberries and rhubarb. Right: To the left are some of the embossed Western Mills Spice sauce Cathedral pepper sauce bottles. To the right are some of the Cathedral bottles of Sweet Pickles with the lead foil seal still attached that reads “Wells Provost & Co., 215, 217 & 119 Front Street, Wholesale Dept. New York.” Jerry Mackey said that still tasted good.

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Left: Case Gin in the square bottles. They are a little shorter and fatter than those normally encountered. Not quite sure of what the round bottles in the back are. Right: The bottle on the left is a Dr. J. Hostetter’s Stomach Bitters; next is the Maguire Druggists, St. Louis Mo.; the rest are Cosmetics bottles. Notice that some of them were already shaped to attract women’s attention. surrounded by mud, the glass remained pure and unblemished.” By counting the examples of this bottle in the museum displays I can say that there were at least 90 of them recovered. After talking to one of the conservators at the Arabia museum I found out that only about 70 percent of the recoveries are on display. She estimated that it will take at least another 20 years to finally preserve all of the 200 tons of recovered treasures. Also, it’s worthy to note that the bank notes were paid off in full about ten years ago.

Editor’s Note: This article appeared in full color in the souvenir program for the Collinsville National Show. It originally appeared in the Fall 2006 issue of Bottles and Extras. Many thanks to the author for allowing permission to reprint this article in leiu of an expected article which did not make it before this issue’s deadline.

Left: On the top shelf left is Mexican Mustang Liniment; next is Maguire Druggists, St. Louis Mo. in two sizes and to the right are Nerve & Bone Liniment bottles. The bottom shelf is full of the famous Castor Oil bottles. Right: On Dec. 29, 1988 next to the stoves previously found was “a long narrow box containing 24 yellow stoneware canning jars. Accompanying tin lids displayed a brass label stamped with the words ‘R. Arthur, Patent, Jan.2, 1855.’ The user filled the jar with fruits or vegetables, then pushed the vertical edge of the lid down into the wax-filled groove, which created an airtight seal.” This may well have been a predecessor of the “Potter & Bodine’s Air-Tight Fruit Jar Philada.” Patented April 13th 1858 that also used a tin cap into a wax seal in a groove.

Left: Three dark brown “Lady’s Leg”-style Stomach Bitters bottles. Except for the lack of embossing, they are very similar to the later Schroeder’s Spice Bitters bottles as found on another sunken steamship, the Bertrand. Right: Pickled Relishes in yet another green Cathedral bottle.


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Pure Poison! By Charles David Head Copyright © 2007 Hogjaw Valley is situated in the northeastern corner of Jackson County, Alabama, and meanders for a distance of four miles between Sand Mountain and the Tennessee River, from Bridgeport, Alabama to the outskirts of New Hope, Tennessee. How the pristine valley got its unique name isn’t clear, but it’s retained that name for more than 150 years. Its beauty notwithstanding, Hogjaw Valley has the unwanted distinction of being one of the most dangerous places in the state in which to live. No less than 25 of the rural area’s 300 residents have been murdered since the late 1960s and many of the slayings have gone unsolved to this day. Several smaller valleys fan out from Hogjaw, with most being settled and farmed during the mid-19th Century. An abundance of fresh water springs provided an everlasting source of drinking water for settlers and livestock. The Hembree and Gentry families chose one of these valleys in which to put down their roots in 1857 and their descendants still live on the family farm sitting adjacent to Island Creek Cove to this day. Island Creek empties into the Tennessee River on one side and on the other is the sleepy little town of Bridgeport, Alabama.

Tucked between the Hembree farm and Island Creek is another valley of about 300 acres splayed out in the shape of a demijohn. With the exception of two mobile homes sitting as sentinels on each side of the dirt road leading through the valley’s narrow neck, the entire area is devoid of inhabitants. Having never been in this particular valley, I nonetheless was aware that several old home places lay within its borders, having been told about them by George White, an old friend who once drove a tractor for the family who leased the valley and farmed the land. George also recalled that back in the 1950s, the valley was used on the sly as a “chopshop.” Vehicles would be stolen and driven into the secluded valley at night. There they would be stripped and gutted and what was left would be pushed into a previously prepared deep ditch, then covered up. Once that was done, the area looked like the rest of the farmland. Had the county sheriff ever been tipped off, he would have had to dig up nearly the entire valley to get evidence on the car theft ring. However, George said, the sheriff never got that tip and the chopshop operated unhindered for a decade before its entrepreneur discovered a more lucrative sideline of “herbal gardening.” After driving past the valley’s mouth for two decades and knowing that somewhere within its borders were several old house places, each with the potential of having antique bottles there for the

Bottles and Extras taking, I decided to explore the valley. Knowing the area’s history and the macabre way many of its residents departed this life for the hereafter, I decided to enter the valley by an indirect route. Nobody I asked seemed to know who owned the property, or if they knew, weren’t telling. So permission or not, I decided to go and take Cousin Billy with me. On a mid-November 2001 frosty morning, I parked my pickup truck about a half-mile from the valley’s entrance along the shoulder of the two-lane, blacktop road. Cousin Billy and I crossed the lower end of a mountain abutting the property and had to move even farther away from the valley’s entrance because of a steep bluff. Doing so also enabled us to keep our scents away from an attentive black-and-tan hound I saw sitting on the rudiments of a front porch of the longest house trailer. Crossing the brow of the mountain, it was easy to see why this virgin forest of white oak, red oak, hickory and yellow poplar had never been cut. Indeed, we were traveling through some rough country. Sink holes and limestone boulders, the latter the size of an SUV, joined enough immense slabs of granite to build 10,000 courthouses. Once we reached the mountaintop and started down the other side, the timber and rocks got smaller and the going much easier. Along the way, Cousin Billy and I had seen numerous deer, which were warned of our approach by the barks of gray squirrels high above our heads in the vibrant fall foliage colors of orange, red, purple and yellow. When we reached the foot of the mountain, a lush valley opened up before us. Much of it was being used as crop land. It was our plan to move in a circular route along the edge of the valley in order to locate any old home places hidden away in any of the valley’s numerous hollows and eventually come back to the spot where we were standing. Question was, go left or right? Using my binoculars, I scanned the edge of the valley, detecting movement to my far right. I thought it was a pony grazing along the edge of Island Creek, but was surprised to learn it was a big German shepherd. It was followed by an older man dressed in bluejeans, a plaid shirt and straw hat. I let Cousin Billy take a gander at Rin-Tin-Tin and he quickly agreed that it probably would be best if we started our tour by going left. Making our way through the trees along

Bottles and Extras

the valley’s rim, we began to notice many deer stands had been built in the sturdiest trees at 75-yard intervals. I eventually lost count once I got past 50. Cousin Billy and I were astonished by the high number since any given day of deer season would have required hundreds of hunters and thousands of deer. There were no hunting club signs, either. Puzzled, but undeterred, we continued our journey and found, in a thicket of cedar trees, the first house place. Little was there in the way of antique bottles, except a broken aqua Dr. Caldwell’s Syrup of Pepsin and a common, but unembossed, turpentine bottle. Disgusted by our bad luck, I walked right past a 1940s era whiskey still. Cousin Billy called my attention to it and we checked it out, admiring the many slashes cleaved through the thin metal sides by an ax-wielding revenue man. We continued our search and continued to see many more deer stands spaced evenly apart in the tree line. Forty minutes later, I spotted a tall chimney, signifying another house place. A canopy of huge, weatherworn oaks shaded the site. Ancient, handwrought iron hinges and other bits of metal forged many years before by a blacksmith dotted the site as did many pieces of utilitarian stoneware, but nothing whole was found. Not even the fragment of an antique bottle was seen. Exhausted by our futile but interesting search, Cousin Billy and I quenched our thirst at one of the numerous springs en route to what we hoped would be a much more lucrative bottle site. We continued our walk and continued to marvel about the number of deer stands, A grove of yellow-leafed maple trees beckoned from one corner of the valley where on a small rise in the ground we found our third house site. Cousin Billy and I sat down upon a thick, leafy carpet to rest and as our eyes took in the beautiful view, we could not but be awed by God’s

November-December 2007 handiwork. A stone wall at the rear of the yard matched a pair of chimneys and we found numerous pieces of antique bottles in addition to shards of stoneware and rusty iron implements. Most of the bottles appeared to be from the 1880s to the 1920s and many had been broken when tossed against the wall. We spent the better part of three hours scouring the area for antique bottles, but all that we found were damaged, or shattered into small pieces. Among the “fatalities” were a straight-sided amber Chattanooga Coca-Cola, an aqua Perry Davis Painkiller, a Ponds Extract, a clear Carter’s cone ink, an amber E.R. Betterton whiskey flask from Chattanooga and a Dr. Kilmer’s Cough Cure. Near the end of my dig near the base of the stone wall, I found the day’s only keeper – a small-sized, cobalt poison bottle in the shape of a skull. It had a three-quarter-inch-long crack and a lip chip, but was otherwise intact. Noting the lateness of the day, Cousin Billy and I decided to head back to my truck, since it would take us a couple of hours to reach it. We decided to take a shortcut across the valley since the crops had already been harvested. So with my treasured poison bottle tucked safely into the upper pocket of my Liberty overalls, we started across the valley floor, our eyes downward in hopes of finding an Indian arrowhead in the stubble. Three-quarters of the way across, Cousin Billy suddenly took an interest in farming and asked what did I think the

33 year’s crop had been. The stubble turned out to be thick stalks, cut to within an inch or two of the ground by a machete or other tool, then gathered by hand. Maybe they were sugar cane, I surmised, although that was an unusual crop for this part of the state. Fifty yards from the edge of the mountain and very close to our original starting point, Billy and I suddenly found ourselves in the midst of an unharvested crop of marijuana! As I stood there, shellshocked, eyes wide and mouth agape, Cousin Billy pretended to swoon and declared he had finally found Paradise, sniffing at the plants’ hairy buds. I started pointing out several facts to Cousin Billy that he apparently failed to see in the midst of his delirium: (1) we were literally sitting ducks should someone choose at that moment to draw a bead on us from one of the numerous “deer stands” surrounding the valley (the mystery of their function was finally solved!). (2) If we were lucky enough to get away with a part of the illicit crop, what would our explanation be to a deputy sheriff who might corral us on n a routine traffic stop, and (3) if we did make it home, what was he planning to do with it? I also pointed out that my truck had been parked along that road for nine hours and, in all likelihood, had drawn the attention of the valley’s property owner, overseer or “pot” planter himself. To avoid being used as catfish bait or Continued on page 37.


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Baby Feeding in Early Photos By Charles Harris Ooltewah, Tenn. Of course, Teresa and I, are collectors of the bottles and love them along with the stories that they tell to us. One of my personal favorites, as may be evidenced by my contributions to Keep Abreast (newsletter for the American Collectors of Infant Feeders) are the photographs of the infants and small children actually using the bottles that we have in our collections. That just thrills me no end. What better proof positive than an actual photograph. Partially what started this article is that most antique mall dealers have no idea of how to identify the different types of photos and just label them Daguerreotypes because they have heard that these are old photos. Wow!! But these photographs open up another can of worms. If someone at the time of the taking of the photo did not write information on the back, how are we going to be able to date it? This is a little of what I’m hoping to pass on to you at this time. There are certain characteristics that are quite reliable, as reliable as designs of some of the feeders telling us about the date of their manufacture. Daguerreotype Photographs Introduced: 1839 Peak Years: 1852-1854 Waned: 1858-1860 Last Made: 1865

A “Dag” that has information — “Taken at Cincerd (Covington) Ky. 1854.” Note the stain around the image that is common on Daguerreotypes. No baby bottle here.

The Daguerreotype was invented by a Frenchman. It was Daguerre’s and France’s gift to the world, except for England. He patented the process in England, which made England the only country in the world that could not make use of the process free of charge.

the lady could show off her beautiful dress. The lack of smiles was not entirely related to the length of the exposure, but also due to the hardness of the times, which were difficult to say the least. Sure, we have the patents and registrations issued by our governments to document what was actually invented, when and why. Yes, these are a very valuable part of the research tools available to us, but do they always really help us in our research? Not always. You have to realize that many of these patents are actually for minute factors — maybe the design of a mold for the casting of the baby bottle that we are interested in, or in the way that the parts of the mold fit together. The possibilities are endless. One thing that these patent numbers do for us is to inform us that this particular bottle was actually in existence during that actual year. Advertisements are also wonderful for the same reasons. They actually give us a year of existence and very likely a drawing or photograph of the bottle in use at the time. But what has happened to those few bottles that we have seen the advertisements for, even published in the KA, but the Bottle Guide and Rarity Guides have a rarity of “0” listed. They have never been seen in reality.

The first successful photography that was commercially available to the world was the Daguerreotype photo, invented by LouisJacques-Mande Daguerre, who perfected the world’s first practical photographic process. The process consisted of taking a copper plate, polishing it to a mirror finish. Then this polished copper plate was silver plated and polished again. Next the plate was placed in a closed box where it was exposed to iodine vapors. Now sensitized, the covered plate was inserted into the camera for exposures taking as long as 30 minutes and averaged no less than five minutes. No wonder you rarely see a person smiling — try holding a smile more than a few seconds! Next the plate was developed by placing it in a box with fumes of heated mercury. A finishing bath of hyposulfate of soda made the image permanent. Daguerreotypes are easily recognized by their appearance — a very silvered Ambrotype Photographs background with a delicate image Introduced: 1854 on their surface. As you rotate Peak Years: 1857-1859 the image from side to side it Waned: 1861 will seem to appear and Last Made: 1865 disappear in front of you. Please, never touch the actual The Ambrotype was invented image — it will severely by Frederick Scott Archer (Britain) damage it. Even a very soft and popularized by James Cutting make-up brush will scratch it. (U.S.). The Ambrotype is a thinly How do the photographers exposed negative image produced even get a sharp image of the on a glass plate and viewed as a people being photographed? positive by the addition of a black They used a headrest — a stand backing. with arms that reached around The Ambrotype needed to each side of the head. the black backing behind The rest of the body was the image to produce the anchored by sitting, resting desired positive effect. against a pedestal or even Head and body rest This was done by putting holding the shoulder of the dating from the 1850s. a black cloth or paper husband seated in the chair. (A New History of behind the image. It was Yes, the man was seated so Photography, 1998.)

Bottles and Extras

An Ambrotype of an American Indian grandmother feeding with a medicine bottle, hose AND nipple, circa 1850s. Her features carry one back in time, showing the extreme pressures of nothing more than pure simple existence.

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An Ambrotype of a Confederate soldier, taken no earlier than 1861, when the Civil War started taking place and changed the history of our great country.

also accomplished by coating the reverse of the glass plate with asphaltum, a hard tarry type of substance. The best solution and most permanent was the use of a dark ruby red glass plate in the first place, but it was more expensive. The Ruby Ambrotype had the advantage of not creating the shadowing effect in the dark areas that was evidenced when looking off angle at the image, caused by the black surface being about 1/16 inch behind the image. Tin Type Photographs Introduced: 1856 Peak Years: 1860-1863 Waned: 1865 Last Made: 1867* *The last tintypes to be contained in cases were produced around 1867, marking the end of cased images. They were still being produced in various other forms until about 1930. Like the earlier types of photographic images, Tintypes, or Ferrotypes, were a one or single generation type of photo. Actually tin was never used. Like the Daguerreotype and Ambrotype, the image that you happen to be holding in your hands is the only one like it in existence. It could not be reproduced except by re-photographing that completed image. Like the Ambrotype, it was viewed as a positive image because of the black backing behind the image. In this case a thin piece of tin was undercoated with a black Japan varnish and the sensitized emulsion was coated on top of the tin, prior to exposure. Because the tintypes continued to be produced until the 1930s, they are a little difficult to date. First if they are in their

original hard case, or if you can see scratching from the brass matte that originally framed the image they are


A Tintype that came out of a photo album with no matte of any kind. Note the cloth covering the chair and the mother holding the baby. This baby is drinking out of an old whiskey bottle that has been converted to a feeder by using a straw, hose and nipple. Consequently it, too, was one of the “Murder Bottles.”

definitely pre-1867. But it is very easy to place a later image in a case. You need to look at the image and try to note datable items in the image, such as a Baby Bottle that was not manufactured till a certain date. Normally if an Afro-American is portrayed in a tintype, it is most likely after the 1860’s due to being affordable to the lower financial echelon of people of the time. If an AfroAmerican appears in a Daguerrotype or Ambrotype, this person was most likely highly respected by their owners and they are quite valuable images. Cartes de Visite (CDVs) Introduced: 1854 Peak Years: 1859-1866 Waned: 1870 Last Made: 1905

A tintype that came out of a hard case. There are slight bends in the plate under the ornate gold plated matte from rough handling. It is hard to see, but she is drinking her milk out of a turtle-style bottle with the straw, hose and nipple attached. The difficulty of cleaning and sterilizing the hose gained this type bottle the nickname of the “Murder Bottle.”

The Cartes de Visites are French for “card with picture” or in modern terms a calling or business card. In size, they were about 2 1/2 inches by 4 1/8 inches. It was popularized in France by Andre-AdolpheEugene-Disderi. The front carried a photographic image of the person with a space at the bottom for his signature or the photographer’s imprint. There is a book in existence listing nearly every known American CDV photographer in business during the Civil War years: “A Catalogue of Civil War Photographers, Compiled by George F. Witham.” For me it is most


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

rich, dark colors were common. The backs of these cards contained the photographer’s imprint which was incorporated into elaborate printed designs. In 1890 the cards were again made thicker with scalloped or other fancy edges.

Introduced: Peak Years: Waned: Last Made:

Three illustrations: a Civil War era CDV image of a baby drinking out of a pewter nursing bottle. This photo with the two different widths of double gold lines dates it to the 1863-1866 era. The pewter bottle, from the Dr. John Gimesh collection, is identical to the one in the photo. The back mark below the photo also proves the photo’s 1860-1865 dating.

invaluable. The CDV image was a very thin albumin paper print that was glued to a thin card about the thickness of an index card. The original negative was on glass and it was printed on to an albumin paper. This made multiple prints possible and they became very popular throughout the world. The earliest CDVs were on thin blank cards dating from the inception till about 1860. During the Civil War years, 1861-1865 and up until 1868, the great majority of the cards had a double gold borderline around the image and square corners. If the double gold line border has the lines the same width, the image dates to 1861-62. If one line is thicker than the other the image dates to the period of 1863-1866. Rarely were other colors used. Also, on the back side of the CDV, if the two or three lines of small words incorporates the words “Negatives” or “Duplicates,” the image dates to 1863 or later. During the period of Aug. 1, 1864 until July 31, 1866, all photographs and other documents were required to have a documentary tax stamp affixed to the backside. These taxes were to help pay for the expenses incurred by the Federal government during the great American Civil War. After 1869, with the realization of the accidental bendability and damage of the thinner cards and images, a thicker card was used and in A green 3c Proprietary Tax 1871, the corners were rounded. stamp dates this image to between Aug.1, 1864 Various colored mounts were and July 31, 1866. The introduced around 1873, and by photographer even put his old 1875, the edges were trimmed and new addresses in the in gold gilt. By 1880 the card backmark. stock was thick and sturdy, and

Cabinet Cards 1863 1870-1900 1905 1920s

The Cabinet Card was introduced by the British at the Windsor and Bridge studios in London. With the advent of better lenses and larger cameras they began using the whole plate process (previously prohibitively expensive). Many of the cameras had two lenses and two images produced on the negative plate. This could be done by uncovering one or both of the lenses at one time for duplicate shots or different shots. After in the Victorian era they were used to doing everything in a big way. The Cabinet Photo was 4 inches by 5 1/ 2 inches on a 4 1/4 inch by 6 1/2 inch card — four times the image area of a CDV. Prior to the new larger albums the cards were displayed on the parlor cabinets, thus inspiring the name A cabinet card with the thin red line Cabinet Cards. border showing a nice Turtle bottle Dating the Cabinet (Murder Bottle) and an elaborate back Cards is similar to the mark printed on the front. CDVs. They didn’t really catch on until the late 1870s, so prior to then, they are scarce. The earliest Cabinet Card mounts were lightweight and light in color, often with a thin red line about 1/8 inch from the edge. After 1880, various colors were used and the area below the image contained the photographer’s imprint. Cards with the beveled gold edge date from the period 1885 to 1892. Maroon faced cards were produced during the 1880s and cards from the 1890s often had scalloped edges and were imprinted with elaborate patterns on the back. Another datable feature is the Real Photo Post Cards. They came into existence about 1910 and were used up into the 1930s. They are the standard post card size, and quite often, the ones that were mailed will have a postmark on the reverse. I know that I seem to have been heavily emphasizing the history of photography, but it’s progress heavily helps us in the dating of the baby bottles (or any bottle in the photograph) that are prized in our collections. After about 1900, the camera became a tool of the amateur and the dating of the photos becomes much more difficult and unreliable in research. Also the commercial studios changed very little in appearance over the first 60 years of the 20th century.

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007

A definitely elaborate Victorian young lady in her exquisite dress and hat. This Cabinet Card has the beveled gold edge which dates it to the late 1880s. Many of the ladies of this period would not breast feed because it was beneath their dignity. Just a fad, I suppose. A commercial studio portrait showing a cute little girl with her nippled medicine bottle along with her favorite doll.

References: Collector’s Guide to Early Photographs, by O. Henry Mace © 1990. Catalogue of Civil War Photographers, compiled by George F. Witham © 1988. Exposing America, by David Horn © 2006. Introduction to Civil War Photography, by Ross J. Kelbaugh © 1991.

The “real photo” post card is really a unique form of its own. Often the photographer traveled from house to house plying his trade like the old tin tinker. This young child is using a medicine bottle, capped with a very large nipple. I personally love this type of photo because it show how much of America really lived.

37 Pure Poison, by Charles David Head Continued from Page 32 sinkhole fillers, I told Cousin Billy that we needed to forget about the pot and think about our hides and get the heck out of there. Ever optimistic Cousin Billy retorted that nobody would ever know we had been in the valley, much less catch us red-handed gathering some of the crop. It was then I remembered the crack in the poison bottle’s “head” and responded: “We may not get caught in here, but if we are and by the right one, it’s going to be PURE POISON for us!” A gunshot at the head of the valley accomplished what my admonishments could not – get Cousin Billy moving toward the truck, We reached home without encountering anyone and reminisced about our day’s adventures. I placed the poison bottle on my night stand where it would be among the first things I saw the next morning, serving as a constant reminder for me to try to make it through the days ahead without getting a matching crack in the skull! AUTHOR’S NOTE: This is a true story and one very few people have heard until now. Although Cousin Billy and I wanted to revisit the valley, we never had an opportunity to do so. It is anyone’s guess as to how long the valley was used to grow marijuana prior to our visit, or how long the operation continued. However, two years ago, I noticed a photo on the front page of my hometown newspaper that a major crop of pot had been confiscated and hauled away by the Jackson County, Alabama Sheriff’s Department. While I am not certain, there is a possibility that this pot came from the same field Cousin Billy and I had stumbled onto in November 2001.


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Bottles and Extras

By Joe Terry Oh, the excesses of youth. The errors and indiscretions of manhood. Do I need to clarify myself? Yes? Fine, then today’s topic is venereal disease, or as it is known in modern circles, sexually transmitted disease. While some, like AIDS, are relatively new, the rest have been haunting humanity for centuries. “Nice” people didn’t get them, “bad” people died from them, and the rest didn’t talk about them. As we are familiar with, patent and proprietary medicines were blatantly targeted towards those people whose diseases and disorders were beyond the ken of the medical practice of the day. Catarrh remedies, diabetes treatments, cancer cures; all had hundreds of shysters getting wealthy on promises and lies. The shameful diseases, gonorrhea, gleet, syphilis and strictures; they too had quacks that preyed upon the desperate. The present dialog centers on two such treatments from Ohio. The first for discussion is Malydor Injection. For those collectors out there who have a familiarity with Malydor, you will immediately associate the city of Lancaster, Ohio with the medicine. But, the story starts in another Ohio town – Springfield. So let’s travel back to the late 1870’s, to the corner of Main and Center Streets. Standing there, let your gaze travel up the front of the building until your eyes catch sight of the gilt sign. Above your head, boldly emblazoned with the names “Montanus and Garwood”, hangs the sign that tells you that you have reached your destination. French Garwood was the latter partner, filling prescriptions alongside Philip E. Montanus. Within a few years the store was moved to the corner of Limestone and High. Here, Mr. Montanus concocted a formula that he felt would be a boon to mankind. That boon was Malydor, a name whose meaning, if there ever was any, has been lost to time. The Malydor Manufacturing Company first appeared in the city directories in 1883, at the same address as the drugstore. By 1886, the partnership had apparently soured, for the two men were operating different stores on different ends of Main Street. In 1887, Malydor was being manufactured at 438 W. Main. It is not too surprising that the partnership fell to the wayside. Marketing such a product was hazardous business, and few men wished to be connected with it no matter how lucrative it proved to be. But where there was money to be made, there were men there to make it. But how much of a market was there for such a remedy, even if it performed as advertised? That is a good question. I will answer it the best that I am able. To do so, I must go back to 1880. In that year, thousands of men participated in an event that spanned that

nation. Now pull your dirty minds from the gutter for a moment. The event was the national census. Since you were listed by your name, age, and occupation, each of these facts shows up on the many thousands of pages inscribed by various pollsters. Believe it or not, some naughty ladies were more than open about their jobs, listing themselves as prostitutes. Nearly 5000 nationwide did just that, including 266 in Ohio! If that many listed themselves openly, how many more were there secretly plying their trade? In fact there were enough to keep an unhealthy supply of the diseases circulating among their clients, who in turn infected other “ladies”. As a gentlemen, you could not seek professional help, at least not from a hometown doctor. Such an action would immediately betray your complaint for what it was, opening up your life to gossip and scandal. But nestled deep down in the small advertisements lining the sides of many newspapers were discrete little pronouncements for all kinds of products. Malydor was one such creation. Philip Montanus may have actually believed his product worked. I find this doubtful. The most prevalent treatment was the use of mercury compounds, which while effective against the disease, also tended to kill the patient as well. There were other treatments, none of which worked. The main active ingredient in Malydor was acetinalid, the great grand pappy of today’s acetaminophen. It gives a whole new meaning to take two pills and call me in the morning. And actually, the back of the Malydor trade cards mentions pills. For the most part however, this medicine was injected straight to the root of the problem. Go ahead and grimace; I work in a hospital and the thought makes me wince. In fact, Mr. Montanus applied for a trade mark, receiving it not for Malydor, but for the word “injection”. Regardless of inherent social stigmas surrounding VD cures, there were enough sufferers to provide a cash flow of lucrative proportions. But such a trade didn’t allow the proprietor much in the way of societal opportunities. Operating a drugstore was acceptable, but operating a patent medicine scam was not. The cure for Mr. Montanus’ ills

Bottles and Extras came in 1889, when he hired on a young druggist fresh from Baltimore, Maryland. His name was John Bellerman. Bellerman was immediately interested in his boss’s business, and in a short time the two struck a deal. Montanus sold the business on one condition – that Bellerman take it else where. It was agreed and the deal struck. And his choice of community? In 1890, Lancaster, Ohio acquired both Bellerman and Malydor. Both probably kept low profiles for a while. This didn’t keep him from doing a brisk business, and soon advertisements sprung up in newspapers around the country. He did his homework, and bought space in papers with a large circulation, or those in towns with a definite need for his product. His medicine was touted as close to home as Sandusky, Ohio, and as far away as Galveston, Texas. As was noted by Dr. L. Duncan Bulkey “Syphilis is everywhere seen to be a disease more especially belonging to communities, and flourishing most luxuriantly wherever there is crowding or massing together of individuals…” Malydor first came in square round

November-December 2007 edged bottle, with four indented panels. Later versions (see previous page) were flask shaped. Unlike many such products, where discretion was key, Bellerman’s trade cards skirted on the edge of impropriety. The front told the story; a desolate parrot (a gentleman), the cavorting cats (prostitutes), the brothel, and the sun (Malydor) rising above it all. In the Victorian age, if it had actually worked it would have been worth a hundred times its cost. But the fact was, until the advent of antibiotics, there was no way of eliminating the disease. The medical community knew this. There were a number of treatises written upon the subject, including some by such Ohio physicians as G.C. Blackman, H.G. Blaine, and John M. Scudder. They all knew the treatments were as bad as the disease, and that there was little hope for the sufferer. But hope is what a patent medicine dangled in front of the patient. John Bellerman knew this, and exploited it as best he was able. Acetinalid would relieve some pain, but it would never affect the disease itself. From his home and headquarters at 210 S. Maple Street, he sent out plain brown packages via the mail, and crates of the bottles to his more lucrative locations. It is hard to say what folks thought of him, and whether or not he cared. Even then, he didn’t have too long to worry about it, for he died prior to 1910. It was not yet the end. His widow, Ida, carried on the business into the 1920’s, possibly up to the time of her death on September 29, 1925. Malydor’s originator, Mr. Montanus, moved up through society, becoming president of the Springfield Machine Tool Company, and eventually entering politics. He died in 1932. Returning to the 1880s, we can find another VD cure gaining a foothold in the medicine market. It too owed its existence to a druggist, located in a city were one might more readily expect it


to come from. Jason S. Evans had a drug store on the corner of Fifth and Walnut in Cincinnati in 1881. Here, he came up with his own version of a salvation to indiscretion. He was perhaps braver or more intrepid than his competitors, for he named his creation “Big G”. This was a not-sosubtle reference to gonorrhea. Evidence suggests he was selling it as early as 1884. It caught on with a needy public, for only two years later the Evans Chemical Company was formed. “Big G” was registered as a trade mark on April 14, 1887, confirming the sales potential of the compound. The firm itself was made up of relatives and friends, including A.H. Evans as president, Benjamin Evans as vice president and Jason serving as treasurer. C.L. Doughty, a book keeper, served as secretary and W.C. Bacchus was foreman. Like all such firms, their listed location varied over the years, from 76 Johnson Bldg their first year, to 49 W. Pearl in 1890. Two years later they were at 100 Walnut and in 1895 were at 230 Walnut. The firm remained in that location until 1925, when they were listed on the second floor at 105 E. Pearl. Overall, “Big G” was more widely distributed and sold in greater volume than was Continued on page 65.


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Bottles and Extras

The Dating Game: The C.L. Flaccus Glass Co. By Bill Lockhart, Pete Schulz, Carol Serr and Bill Lindsay The involvement of the Flaccus family with glass containers is complex and involved. While only Charles L. Flaccus actually manufactured bottles and jars, other family members used containers embossed with the Flaccus name. The name also appeared on numerous paper labels attached to glass jars. Thus, we address not only the C.L. Flaccus Glass Co. but also other Flaccus operations that used marked bottles. History C.L. Flaccus Glass Co., Tarentum, Pennsylvania (1879-1928) C.L. Flaccus Glass Co., Leechburg, Pennsylvania (1880-some point before 1913) C.L. Flaccus Glass Co., Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (prior to 1893-1902) C.L. Flaccus Glass Co., California, Pennsylvania (?-1919) Charles L. Flaccus purchased the bankrupt Lippencott & Co. plant at Tarentum, Pennsylvania, in 1879. Despite the addition of other factories over the years, Tarentum remained the principal plant until the company’s demise. In 1881 it had a single furnace with seven pots, making flint prescription ware. By 1890, production had diversified to include prescription ware, milk bottles, mustards, inks, nursing and perfume bottles, liquor flasks and bottles, and castor oils. Five years later, Flaccus was offering a full line of ware in flint and green (Creswick 1987:266; Humphreys 1882:57; Flaccus 1890; 1895; Teal & Wallace 2005:102; Welker & Welker 1985:54). Flaccus opened a second factory in Leechburg, Pennsylvania, in 1880. At some point before 1893, he purchased the former Enterprise Glass Co. at Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. It was in the latter plant that he produced the first machine-made container glass in the United States. At the end of 1892, he received a license from the United States Glass Co. to use the two-mold Arbogast machine. After experimenting for a year, he began production in early 1894, the first product being Vaseline jars

(National Glass Budget 1910:1). Flaccus enlarged the Tarentum plant in 1901 and incorporated in May 1904. At some time during the teens, he leased the California Bottle Co. plant in California, Pennsylvania, evidently until 1919. The business went into receivership in 1928, and the factory was sold the following year. The firm made prescription ware, whiskey, and proprietary medicine bottles, along with various types of jars in at least colorless and light green (Glassworker 1919:1; Teal & Wallace 2005:102; Welker & Welker 1985:54). Toulouse (1971:190) noted that the first commercial ware made by Flaccus was a Vaseline jar and that Flaccus was the first company in the U.S. to “produce bottles on a mechanical device.” Flaccus had closed the Beaver Falls plant by 1902. Toulouse (1971:191) also stated that Flaccus was first listed as producing fruit jars in 1918, a contention closely supported by the Thomas Registers (see below) which first listed fruit jars in 1917. He also blamed Prohibition for the demise of the Flaccus company, a strange statement considering that the company seems to have made numerous non-alcoholic bottle and jar styles – not to mention that Prohibition had been in effect for some time when the last plant closed in 1928. C.L. Flaccus & Co. was listed as a nonunion plant under the “Flint Bottle Factory” heading in 1897 and 1898, making glass in 40 pots (National Glass Budget 1897:7; 1898:7). In 1904, the plant offered “prescription and proprietary ware; machine packers’ ware” (American Glass Review 1934:167). The company continued to be listed as making flint prescription and druggist bottles in the Thomas Registers (1905:104; 1907:161; 1909:202; 1912:482). By 1914, possibly earlier, the company made milk bottles, along with prescription bottles – and fruit jars by 1917. Until 1918, only flint bottles were listed, but the 1920 edition included “all kinds flint prescriptions druggists’, packers in flint, amber and blue” with a continued listing for milk bottles and fruit jars. The listing changed slightly in 1921 (Thomas Register 1914:532, 536; 1915:579, 581;

1916:661, 664, 3782; 1917:731, 734, 4104; 191:811, 814, 4429; 1920:828, 830, 8616; 1920:828, 830, 4616; 1921:782, 784, 4573). By 1927, Flaccus made “prescriptions, vials, flint, green and amber beers and minerals, patent, proprietary, liquors, flasks, packers and preservers” by both machine and hand production at four continuous tanks with 34 rings and one day tank with four rings. The listing remained the same in 1928, and the company was “in hands of receivers” in 1929 (American Glass Review 1927:133; 1928:135; 1929:97). Flaccus was not listed in the 1930 edition. Flaccus Brothers, Wheeling, West Virginia, and New Philadelphia, Ohio (1879-1906) Creswick (1987:60, 266) placed the Flaccus Brothers in business from 1879 to 1906. She noted that the father had been a retail grocer since at least 1876, and the brothers began a wholesale business by 1978. Caniff (1997:45) basically agreed with Creswick, although he dated the end of the company at 1905. Flaccus & Elliott, Wheeling, West Virginia (1897-1898) Caniff (1997:42) told the story of Flaccus & Elliott: Partner Edward C. Flaccus and bookkeeper George H. Elliott left the thriving Flaccus Bros. Company in 1897 to form the Flaccus & Elliott Co., a fact verified by trademark registration and articles of incorporation. The company operated for a little over a year, if that. On June 21, 1898, Edward C. Flaccus filed a trademark for “Chilimato” for the E.C. Flaccus Company. E.C. Flaccus, Wheeling, West Virginia (1898-1920) Creswick (1987:60, 266) placed E.C. Flaccus in business from 1898 to 1920. Caniff (1997:45-46) agreed with the Creswick dates but noted that the company used brand names of “STAG, STEERS HEAD, CHAMPION & OHIO

Bottles and Extras VALLEY,” although the same catsup, pickles, mustard, and other foods were probably placed in bottles and jars for all brands. Although the company offices were in Wheeling, Factory A was also located in Wheeling; Factory B was in New Philadelphia, Ohio; and Factory C was in Barnesville, Ohio. Unlike, the C.L. Flaccus glass plants, these were all food processing operations. Creswick (1987:60) noted that “the Flaccus companies were in the food preserving business and did not make their own containers.” 1 She cited Flaccus descendants who stated that both the Central Glass Co. and the “Hobbs Glass Works” (probably Hobbs-Brockunier Glass Co., both of Wheeling, West Virginia) made jars for the companies. Creswick further speculated that “later the Hazel-Atlas Glass Company also made some of the Flaccus jars or lids” and offered a long but plausible explanation. Roller (1983:125), too, suggested that the Flaccus companies did not make their own jars, but he was less certain who did.

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initials blown into their bottles was a quality control measure that resulted from having more formal and specific bids and contracts. All of the glass house contracts from 1897 forward in the Dispensary records at the State Archives carry this provision. This may explain why the mark is only found on Dispensary bottles.

Figure 1: C.L.F.G.CO. on the Base of a South Carolina Dispensary Bottle (eBay)

Bottles and Marks C.L.F.G.CO. (1898-1899; 1902-1906) The C.L.F.G.CO. mark was embossed on the bases of South Carolina Dispensary flasks and cylindrical bottles by the C.L. Flaccus Glass Co., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [Figures 1 and 2]. Pittsburgh refers to the office, however, not the factory. Huggins (1997:10) noted that there were several minor variations of the mark (although he did not describe them) as well as a capital “F” or “G” embossed above the mark on some bottles, although we have seen a “B” – and there were probably other letters as well. We have also noticed that the periods on many of the flasks are larger than those on typical marks [Figure 3]. Teal in Teal & Wallace (2005:102, 109) also noted the mark on Dispensary flasks and bottles and also attributed the marks to Flaccus. Flaccus sold a total of 19 railroad carloads of bottles to the Dispensary from 1898 to 1899 and an additional 1,000 carloads from 1902 to 1906. This mark may have only been applied due to regulations demanded by the Dispensary. According to Teal in Teal and Wallace (2005:130): The requirement for a glass house supplying bottles to the [South Carolina] Dispensary to have their


Figure 2: South Carolina Dispensary bottle (eBay)

Figure 3: C.L.F.G.CO. on the Base of a South Carolina Dispensary Flask (eBay)

CLF Whitten (2007) noted that he had seen these initials on the base of a “clear prescription/medicinal bottle” and dated the mark 1879-1928. This is the only report of the mark that we have seen. F in a keystone (ca. 1914-at least 1920) Giarde (1980:22) noted that the C.L. Flaccus Glass Co. used the F-in-a-keystone mark from 1900 to 1928 on milk bottles, although milk containers were not a major product of the firm. Toulouse (1971:190) was less Figure 4: certain, dating the F in a mark, “Probably not Keystone Mark before 1900” [Figure (Toulouse 4]. Aside from milk 1971:190) bottles, neither author mentioned other bottle types in conjunction with this mark. The mark was apparently not used on fruit jars and was not noted by either Toulouse (1969), Roller (1983), or Creswick (1987). When Giarde noted 1900 as a beginning date for the mark, he probably derived the date from Toulouse. Toulouse (1971:191) noted “side-lever pressed milks [Flaccus] started to make in 1902. This is the earliest reference we have found to machine-made milk bottles. However, the Thomas Registers (see history section above), first list milk bottles at Flaccus in 1914, and the listing continued to at least 1920. However, the 1927 list did not include milk bottles. Schadlich ([ca. 1990]) noted that the keystone symbol was found on milk bottle bases, but the only example we have recorded (from the California State Parks milk bottle collection in Sacramento) had the logo embossed on the heel with “25 / 67” on the base. The milk bottle was from a Pennsylvania dairy and was made by a blow-and-blow machine (no ejection or valve mark).


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FL in the Massachusetts Seal From 1909 to 1947, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts required that all glass factories selling bottles to dairies within the state mark their containers with a Massachusetts seal. From some point after 1910, factories embossed the seal on the shoulder of each milk bottle, usually in a circular form embossed “MASS (arch) / {factory designator} / “SEAL (inverted arch).” These often appeared in a small plate mold. The mark used by Flaccus was “FL” (Blodget 2006:8; Schadlich [ca. 1990]). In at least some cases, the FL seal was placed on the center body of milk bottles in a plate mold (personal communication, Albert Morin, 3/4/2007), although the shoulder seal was more common [Figure 5].

FLACCUS / PITTSBURGH on the base [Figure 7]. She noted, however, that the company “made a variety of bottles and jars, including some of the Mason’s Patent Nov. 30th 1858 jars.” Roller (1983:125) noted the same jar and added that it appeared in a ca. 1895 Flaccus ad. He dated the jars “c. 1879-1910s.” The ad also mentioned the Mason jar described by Creswick.

Figure 7: C.L. FLACCUS on the base of a grooved-ring, wax-sealer fruit jar (Creswick 1987:62)

Figure 5: FL Massachusetts Seal (Albert Morin)

F 13 Albert Morin (personal communication, 3/4/2007), reported that all milk bottles with the FL Massachusetts seal that he has seen were marked “F 13” on the heel [Figure 6]. It is highly possible that the “F 13” mark has been seen on other milk bottles but not identified with Flaccus.

Bottles and Extras 1987:258, 260). Toulouse (1969:295-296) illustrated and described four variations of food jars with the FLACCUS BROS. and STEERSHEAD marks but noted that there were “many slightly changed versions of the decoration forms of each jar listed.” Toulouse dated the jars ca. 1890-1898 and claimed that they were probably made by the Hazel Glass Co. or Atlas Glass Co. A fifth Steershead brand illustrated by Toulouse (1969:296) was quite different from the one used by the others, showing more of the steer’s body. He claimed the same dates and makers as in the other four. These jars were apparently very common. According to Roller (1983:124125): The Flaccus jars were used to pack various types of condiments, and may be found with numerous styles of embossings, closures, colors, shapes and sizes. A complete listing of Flaccus jars would be a book in itself. . . .

FLACCUS BROS. (1880-1920) Creswick (1987:60-61) illustrated and described 11 jars and accompanying lids made or used by the Flaccus Brothers [Figures 8 and 9]. All of these bore the “Steershead” trademark. She did not include date ranges for any of the jars, and they were not marked by any manufacturer’s logos. The Steers Head was first trademarked (# 21,314) by the Flaccus Brothers for a paper catsup label on June 21, 1892, with first use claimed in 1880. The mark was again registered (#67,527) for use on a large variety of products by Edward C. Flaccus on February 4, 1908, but there was no first use date (Creswick

E.C. FLACCUS CO. (ca. 1890) Creswick (1987:61) only illustrated a single style of jar and lid for E.C. Flaccus with a fancy design on the embossed body label and the trademarked stag head of the Stag Brand [Figures 10 and 11]. Toulouse (1969:117-118) discussed three variations of the jars and illustrated the complex design. He dated the jars ca. 1890 and noted that they were probably made for Flaccus by the Hazel Glass Co. In his later book, he was more vehement, dating the stag head at “circa 1890 only.” Roller (1983:125) further discussed these jars: The E. C. Flaccus Co., of Wheeling, W.Va., was in the food packing business from c. 1899 to 1920. Its parent company, Flaccus & Elliott, filed an application on May 18, 1897 for the

Figure 8 (L): Flaccus Brothers Steershead Jar (Creswick 1987:61) Figure 9 (R): Flaccus Brother Steershead Lid (Creswick 1987:61)

Figure 10 (L): E.C. Flaccus Stag Brand Jar (Creswick 1987:61) Figure 11 (R): E.C. Flaccus Stag Brand Lid (Creswick 1987:61)

Figure 6: F 13 on a Milk Bottle Base (Albert Morin) C.L. FLACCUS PITTSBURGH (ca. 1879-ca. 1910 or later) Creswick (1987:62) illustrated a grooved-ring wax-sealer jar embossed C.L.

Bottles and Extras trademark FLACCUS (over a stag’s head), claiming use since January 1, 1897. Edward C. Flaccus registered the trademark STAG BRAND FLACCUS (over a stag’s head) on April 7, 1908. Roller (1983:125) also noted that the maker was uncertain “but may have been Wellsburg Glass Co., Wellsburg, W.Va., c. 1906-1911, of which E.C. Flaccus was president. STEERSHEAD Toulouse (1971:488) claimed that this mark was used by Flaccus Brothers ca. 1890-1900, but we have been unable to verify the use of the logo except in conjunction with the drawing of the steer head. Discussion and Conclusions Although C.L. Flaccus Glass Co. was the only glass factory operated by any of the Flaccus relatives, we have included the Flaccus Brothers, Flaccus & Elliott, and the E.L. Flaccus Co., food packers that had their bottles and jars made by outside glass houses, because the jars were marked with the company names and are so common that they are likely to show up in the archaeological record. Many of the food jars may also have identifying paper labels. Marks with clear company names (e.g., FLACCUS BROS.) are self-evident. However, the C.L.F.G.Co. logo was especially created for use on liquor bottles and flasks for the South Carolina Dispensary, which demanded such marks from the makers of its bottles. The F-in-akeystone logo may only be found on milk bottles, although that is currently unconfirmed. If that conclusion is correct, the keystone mark was probably only used from ca. 1914 to ca. 1920 or later, but was not used by 1927. FL as the Massachussets Seal is solidly confirmed by research, although we have not found Flaccus marks in connection with the seals from Rhode Island, Maine, Pennsylvania, or any other state. The use of F13 as a heelmark by Flaccus also needs more empirical research. Future research needs to confirm which marks were actually used on milk bottles and during what periods. Another area for investigation is a more solid dating for the manufacture of milk bottles by the C.L. Flaccus Glass Co. Acknowledgments We would like to thank Albert Morin

November-December 2007 for contributing the photo of the Massachusetts FL seal and for information about Massachusetts bottles. As always, we are grateful to Douglas M. Leybourne, Jr., for allowing us to reproduce drawings from the books created by Alice Creswick in 1987. Sources American Glass Review 1927 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1928 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1929 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1934 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Includes reprint of the Glass Trade Directory for 1904. Commoner Publishing Co., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Blodget, Bradford G. 2006 “Milk Bottles from the Heart of the Commonwealth: A Collector’s Guide to the Milk Bottles from the City of Worcester, Massachussetts, 18902006.” Unpublished manuscript. Caniff, Tom 1997 The Label Space: The Book. Privately published, Steubenville, Ohio.

43 Glassworker 1919 Flaccus Plant Now Union, States Unverified Rumor. Glassworker 37(3):1. Huggins, Phillip Kenneth 1997 The South Carolina Dispensary: A Bottle Collector’s Atlas and History of the System. Sandlapper Publishing, Orangeburg, South Carolina. Humphreys, M. S. 1882 [Glass.] Annual Report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 4(3):56-60. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 1913 “The Present Status of the Glass Bottle and Hollow Ware Industries in the United States.” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 5(11):951954. National Glass Budget 1897 “Glass Directory.” National Glass Budget 12(42):7. 1898 “Flint, Green and Cathedral Glass Factories of the United States and Canada in Operation.” National Glass Budget 13(38):7. 1910 Machine Bottle Making. National Glass Budget 26(3):1. Roller, Dick 1983 Standard Fruit Jar Reference. Privately published.

Creswick, Alice 1987 The Fruit Jar Works, Vol. I, Listing Jars Made Circa 1820 to 1920’s. Douglas M. Leybourne, N. Muskegon, Michigan.

Schadlich, Louis [ca. 1990] “Milk Bottles Marked by Manufacturers and Jobbers.” Unpublished manuscript.

Flaccus, C.L., Glass Co. 1890 Catalogue of C. L. Flaccus, Manufacturer of Flint Glass Bottles, Jars, and Perfumers’ Stoppered Ware. Private printing, Pittsburgh.

Teal, Harvey S. and Rita Foster Wallace 2005 The South Carolina Dispensary & Embossed S.C. Whiskey Bottles & Jugs, 1865-1915. Privately Published, Columbia, South Carolina.

1895 Flint Glass, Green and Amber Bottles. Private Printing, Pittsburgh.

Thomas Register of American Manufacturers 1905-1906 The Buyers’ Guide: Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in all Lines. Thomas Publishing Co., New York. Continued to page 65.

Giarde, Jeffery L. 1980 Glass Milk Bottles: Their Makers and Marks. Time Travelers Press, Bryn Mawr, California.


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Bottles and Extras

Monterey - An Enigma Bottle By Harvey Teal Introduction Some 35 years ago while researching the South Carolina Dispensary and its bottles, an 1893 letter from Florence, South Carolina to the governor of the state came to light [Figure 1]. The letterhead contains an image of a patent medicine bottle shaped somewhat like the head of a golf club. In the letter, David O’Reardon writes to find out if his patent medicine called Monterey would be considered an alcoholic beverage and therefore be in violation of the state’s dispensary law. The law was to take effect July 1, 1893. It created a statewide public monopoly of the sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages, putting out of business anyone engaged in those businesses at the time. S.C. Dispensary bottles have become some of the most sought-after in this part of the country and prompted this author to write a book on the subject in 2005. (The South Carolina Dispensary & Embossed S.C. Whiskey Bottles & Jugs, 1865-1915, by Harvey S. Teal and Rita Foster Wallace. Available from the author for $47.50, postage included, 2337 Terrace Way, Columbia, SC 29205). O’Reardon explained he organized Monterey & Co., in July 1892 in Florence, S.C., well before the Dispensary law was considered, and had begun selling Monterey in February of 1893. Gov. Benjamin R. (Pitchfork Ben) Tillman offered him the opportunity to have the state chemist analyze his medicine and determine if it was in violation of the new law.

Shortly after discovery of this letter, the author located ads in 1893-94 local newspapers for the sale of Monterey and thereby confirmed O’Reardon got a favorable response from the chemist [Figure 2]. To help insure a favorable response, O’Reardon pointed out to the governor that John P. Coffin, his company’s vice president who lived in Florence, was a political supporter of the governor. O’Reardon himself was not from South Carolina. To further ensure a favorable response, the company secretary, R.J. Burns, sent a bottle of Monterey to Mrs. Tillman with an offer to send her four more “if it was proven beneficial.” At this time in the early 1970s, the author had yet to see one of the bottles, but awaited with eager anticipation the emergence of one. When a digger located one in a dump in Orangeburg, S.C., a few years later, his anticipation was rewarded [Figure 3]. After the passage of some time, the author acquired this bottle through some “horse trading.” One or two more Monterey bottles turned up in a Florence, S.C., dump and also ultimately found their way into this author’s collection. Over the years, about a dozen or so have shown up in Charleston and the Low Country. That they should show up in the latter region is not surprising since the F.W. Wagner & Co., in Charleston served as the state agent for Monterey & Co. At this point, O’Reardon’s letter, the newspaper ads and the bottles themselves provided all the information known about this bottle and patent medicine.

Figure 1: Letterhead showing Monterey bottle and Latin phrase meaning “the source of life.” (Author’s collection)

Figure 2: Sept. 13, 1893 ad in Lexington (S.C.) Dispatch. (Author’s collection.) The bottles are all amber-colored with the usual variations in the shades of that color. There are two sizes [Figure 4]. The smaller bottle measures 3 1/2 inches long, 2 1 /2 inches wide and 1 3/4 inches high, not including the neck, and may have been a sample bottle since only two examples have surfaced to date. The larger bottle measures 5 1/2 inches long, 3 inches wide and 3 1/4 inches tall, not including the neck. The only embossing on these bottles is found on their base, the single word “Monterey.” That word likely helped secure one of these bottles at the ridiculously low price of $5 from a Charleston antique shop. Because of that word, the dealer remarked, “That bottle may be Mexican. I won’t guarantee it to be U.S.” It was purchased without any haggling. Since this bottle’s neck still retained a cork sealed with wax,

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Figure 5: Rare, nearly complete label offered contents information. (Bea Baab photo) Figure 3: First Monterey bottle acquired by author. (Bea Baab photo) all of them likely were so sealed. Some additional information about Monterey came to light when a bottle with three labels in varying degrees of completeness turned up and was acquired by the author. On front of the bottle underneath the neck is a label in the form of a cross with most of the top of the cross missing. [Figure 5] The remaining wording on this label reads “Monterey & Co., Florence, South Carolina, U.S.A., Dysentery, Wasting Sicknesses, Female Weaknesses, Excesses in Drink or Narcotics, Doze 1 Oz. Bottle protected by Let(ter) & Patent Tr(ade) Mark.” No patent or trade mark research has been attempted. One of the labels on the side is partially present with the other side label containing only a few pieces. The words and phrases

that could be deciphered from the partially complete label are “Fathers of California,” “It regulates the bowels, purifies the blood. “A purely vegetable extract,” “Indigestion, biliousness, nervous affliction.” [Figure 6] After reading the labels’ information, the newspaper ads and O’Reardon’s letter, it appeared the medicine was a “cure-all,” but was especially good for bowel and stomach complaints. A light suddenly dawned. The shape of the bottle was that of a stomach! When first examining the bottle, its wavy sides gave the appearance of having been burned in a fire. Closer examination, however, proved the bottle was actually blown in a mold with wavy and uneven sides, suggesting a stomach. What else could the shape be? A western theme emerged from the

Figure 4: Two sizes of Monterey bottles known to exist. (Bea Baab photo)

Figure 6: More information yielded by back label. (Bea Baab photo) collected information, the name “Monterey” a prominent California city. California history indicates Franciscan monks moved into what was to become a state in the 1700s and early 1800s to bring Christianity to the Indian tribes. Spanish and later Mexican military authorities set up forts of presidios there. Monterey had both these institutions. The cross-shaped label and the cross on the oval image in the letterhead tie in with monks and monasteries. In fact, the letterhead oval with the cross atop and the inside wording, “El fuente de la vida” (the source of life) has the feel and style of a stylized adobe monastery. Wording on the label, “Fathers of California,” ties in with the wording in the newspaper ad, “1760, The Monks’ Remedy, 1845.” In the latter year, the famous western explorer, John C. Fremont, reached Monterey and was given permission to Continued on page 60.


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Bottles and Extras

Christmas Tree Ornaments By Gene Bradberry

In keeping with the Christmas spirit, I would like to share with you some interesting information about “glass ornaments” and decorations which adorned our earliest Christmas trees. I found it to be fascinating reading as I gathered information for this article. I will cover only the highlights of their development. The earliest known decorated Christmas trees in America dates to 1747, where, at a German Moravian Church’s settlement in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, wooden

pyramids were made and covered with evergreen boughs and decorated with candles, apples and pretty verses. Prior to the 1850s, the most famous Christmas poem or story ever written, “T’was the night before Christmas” (originally entitled “Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas, or Santa Claus”) by Clement C. Moore, written for his children and published in the Troy, N.Y. Sentinel December, 1823, gave the first account of eight reindeer (by name) and mentioned “the stockings were hung by the chimney with care,” but no where did it mention or reference a Christmas tree. The oldest record of Christmas trees in a major city in America was in 1825 when Philadelphia’s Saturday Evening Post described “trees visible through the windows…decorated.” On to the glass ornaments! The first commercially produced tree ornaments were cast of a soft tin and lead alloy by German tinsmiths and toymakers

of Nuremberg, Germany. These date from the later part of the 1700s and were very popular in America from 1870 to 1900. By this time, glass ornaments had began to take

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007 their place. By 1880, no one would have dreamed that the glassblowersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; creations would be such a success. They were first imported from Germany by a wholesale house in Philadelphia that had been selling from variety store in Lancaster, Pa., by the name of F.M. Woolworth its goods. Woolworth had to be coerced into trying the new glass ornaments with a money back guarantee, but he did try them and, much to his surprise, they were sold out in two Continued on page 66.



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Bottles and Extras

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The Evolution of Santa Claus: The Artists & Soft Drink Bottlers Who Influenced His Appearance By Cecil Munsey Santa Claus - what he looks like, and why History reveals that there truly was a Santa Claus. He lived in the small country of Lycia. He was born, around A.D. 280 in Partara, a city in Asia Minor. The real Santa Claus was a monk (Saint Nicholas), the bishop of the Mediterranean city of Myra, Turkey. Hardly anything of his life is really known, but many legends paint him as a very generous man with a tremendous interest in children. For those reasons he was elevated to the position of the patron saint of children. To honor Saint Nicholas, people in many countries set aside a special day each year in his memory and gave gifts to the needy. Over the years the concept changed to gift giving to friends and loved ones. The day of celebration, in America and in some other countries, eventually became Christmas Day. The colonists from Holland brought the concept of Saint Nicholas to America, where his name was eventually corrupted to Santa Claus. Many of the immigrants to America in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries embraced the Santa Claus concept and added their own refinements. The idea that Santa Claus rides in a sleigh drawn by reindeer most likely comes from Scandinavia. Other sources added the ideas that he wears fur-trimmed clothes and lives at the North Pole. The pipe he smokes and the idea that he descends through chimneys into houses seems to be Dutch contributions to the legend. One of the most recent additions (1939 by Robert L. May who worked for Montgomery Ward) was a new lead reindeer, Rudolph, who with his bright-red nose guides Santa Claus on foggy Christmas Eves. < Figure 1

Figure 2 >

Copyright © 2007 In America for approximately the first two hundred years Saint Nicholas prevailed. It was in 1844 that the famous poet and educator Clement Clarke Moore published a volume of his poetry. Within the collection was a narrative poem called “’Twas the Night before Christmas,” which he had written in 1822. Moore’s description of Santa Claus deviated from the Saint Nicholas concept at the time: “He had a broad face and a round little belly That shook when he laughed like a bowlful of jelly. He was bubbly and plump, a right jolly old elf, And I laughed when I saw him in spite of myself.” For at least fifty years after Moore’s poem was published, artists drew inspiration from the “elf” concept and pictured Santa Claus as a gnome-like character. Shortly before the turn of the twentieth century, artists began to deviate from Moore’s stereotype and Santa Claus was drawn in a wide range of sizes. Even more confusion abounded regarding the color and type of clothing worn by the legendary gentleman. Some artists insisted on a long coat, others a short one, still others added more confusion by coloring his clothes green, blue, red, and/or brown. Some of the confusion was caused by the importing of Christmas cards from Europe, where artists portrayed him as a stately European bishop and were not influenced by Moore’s poem. However, the vast majority of the artistic renditions associated Santa Claus with toys, children, a Christmas tree and portrayed him with a

long white beard. Out of the turn-of-thecentury confusion came one consistency: Santa Claus lost the image of an elf and became the height of an average human being. Santa in America in the late 1800s – early 1900s Thomas Nast (1840-1902) In America, the modernizing of the fullsize Santa began in 1869 by the famous artist, caricaturist, and editorial cartoonist Thomas Nast [Figure 1]. He was the first to put Santa in a red suit [Figure 2]. His rendering of Santa Claus was as a jolly round man with an armload of toys who was smoking a pipe [Figure 3] – Harper’s Weekly newspaper for January 1, 1881. Thomas Nast is mostly remembered today for his invention of the Republican Party Elephant and the Democratic Party Donkey. He was also responsible for adding a beard to the famous 1830s drawing of Uncle Sam. Louis Prang (1834-1909) The celebration of Christmas was once banned in Boston. The Puritans considered it an invention of the devil. Although the law banning Christmas in Boston was repealed in 1681, it was not proclaimed a legal holiday until 175 years later in 1856. That was the year that Louis Prang emigrated from Germany. Louis Prang was a well-trained lithographer and printer who made Christmas cards [Figure 4]. Although such cards were prepared for sale probably as early as the 1840s, it was not until about 1862 that the custom of sending them to < Figure 3

Figure 4 >

50 friends and relatives became common. Because of his involvement in the new custom, he is acknowledged as the creator of the Christmas card. He designed and printed his first American Santa Claus Christmas card in 1885 [Figure 5] – the card featured Santa in a red suit. Because the Santa Claus legend is traced to St. Nicholas, Bishop of Myra in Turkey and a bishop’s robes are red, Santa Claus dressed in red became the accepted “uniform” for Father Christmas. Figure 6 shows Louis Prang’s 1903 Santa Claus Christmas card. While one European Father Christmas is first recorded as being dressed in the nowtraditional red and white-trimmed outfit in a woodcut as early as 1653 in England, it took until the 19th century for newspaper reporters B. Charles and J. R. Taylor to be likely the first in America to declare – in The New York Times of November 27, 1927 (274 years later) – that the American stereotyped Santa Claus was shown as in a 1653 woodcut: “A standardized Santa Claus appears to New York children. Height, weight, stature are almost exactly standardized, as are the red garments, the hood and the white whiskers.” Santa in the early-to-mid-1900s (The “Golden Age” of American illustration) As already seen, in the late 1800s, Thomas Nast and Louis Prang were the primary artists of America’s appearancechanging Santa Claus. After the turn of the twentieth century, however, Santa Claus was portrayed by dozens of artists in a wide variety of clothing styles, sizes, and colors. Reginald Birch (1856-1943) He was a painter and illustrator born in London. Arriving in the U.S. in 1872, Birch had studied in Paris, Antwerp, Milan and Munich. In 1881 he moved to New York City to illustrate for St. Nicholas Magazine and was known for his portrayals of Santa Claus. His December, 1906 St. Nicholas cover was one of his most popular [Figure 7]. E. Boyd Smith (1860-1943) Born in St. John, New Brunswick, and educated in France, Elmer Boyd Smith was raised in Boston, where he worked for Riverside Press. In 1908 he produced a book cover for a book entitled Santa Claus and All About Him and became one of the

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Bottles and Extras mentor to a younger generation of illustrators, most notably Norman Rockwell.

Figure 8 artists to help graphically define Santa Claus [Figure 8]. J. C. Leyendecker (1874-1951) Joseph Christian (J. C.) Leyendecker [Figure 9] was not only one of America’s most famous turn-ofthe-century illustrators but he was also an entrepreneur. He painted strong athletic men and lithe, feminine women. He created long-running Figure 9 characters such as Saturday Evening Post babies and the Arrow collar man. His first Santa illustration was done around 1920 [Figure 10]. As a book and magazine illustrator (he painted 322 covers for the Post); he also painted for American Weekly, Collier’s, Popular Magazine, Century Illustrated, and Ladies’ Home Journal. He defined an era of fashion in the early 20th Century. His December 26, 1925 Saturday Evening Post cover of Santa Claus [Figure 11] was a popular one and continued the development of the stereotype of previous artists. J. C. Leyendecker painted many advertisements for companies such as Proctor and Gamble (Ivory Soap) and Kelloggs (cereals). He did most all of the holiday covers for the Saturday Evening Post. His Easter, Independence Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas covers were annual events for the Post’s millions of readers. He gave us what is perhaps the most enduring New Year’s symbol, that of the New Year’s Baby. For almost forty years, the Post featured a Leyendecker Baby on the New Year’s covers. He greatly influenced the art of illustration, and positioned himself as a

Norman Rockwell (1894-1978) Norman Rockwell [Figure 12] wanted to be an artist and enrolled early in his life (at the age of 14) in the New York School of Art. Two years later he left high school to study at The National Academy of Design. He then transferred to The Art Students League. He found success early. He painted his first commission of four Christmas cards before his sixteenth birthday. While still in his teens, he was hired as art director of Boy’s Life, the official publication of the Boy Scouts of America. Rockwell painted his first Santa for the Saturday Evening Post’s December 9, 1916 issue [Figure 13]. He painted a wide variety of magazine covers for many magazines during his career. Another Rockwell Santa Claus was

Fig. 13

Fig. 14

Bottles and Extras featured on the December 2, 1922 issue of the Post [Figure 14]. Still another Post cover featuring his Santa appeared on the December 16, 1939 issue of the Saturday Evening Post [Figure 15]. Over the next 47 years, 321 covers of his would appear on the Saturday Evening Post alone. N. C. Wyeth (1882-1945) Newell Convers (N. C.) Wyeth [Figure 16] was born in Needham, Massachusetts and first studied at the Massachusetts Normal Arts School. He also attended the Eric Pape School of Art and, in 1901, he studied art at Annisquam. His first commission Figure 16 was for Success magazine. Saturday Evening Post sent him to the southwest to study the culture of the West. His pencil and paint drawings of the West were first published in 1903. In 1911, Wyeth received his first book commission. He illustrated Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island. During his lifetime, Wyeth would illustrate more than 25 books for Scribner’s Publishing Company and in 1925 he contributed to a standardized image of Santa Claus with a painting [Figure 17] that was published in The Country Gentleman. Wyeth wrote art books and taught art. As an artist and teacher, he founded a dynasty of artists, notably his own son

November-December 2007 Andrew, and daughters, Henriette and Carolyn. His grandson Jamie is also an accomplished artist. During his 42 years as an illustrator from 1903 until his death in 1945, he created nearly four thousand artworks. “Soda Pop Santas” (1915-1964) A study of the illustrations of Santa Claus during the first four-plus decades of the twentieth century reveals that those commissioned by the manufacturers of soft drinks were among the most popular and most important in influencing how Santa was portrayed. They were created to help sell soft drinks during the slow (and usually cold) Christmas season. Three soft drink manufacturers – Chero-Cola, White Rock and Coca-Cola – were involved in providing what are sometimes called, the “Soda Pop Santas.” All of the artists involved in creating the illustrations for the soft drink companies furthered the graphic image of Santa Claus as Thomas Nast sketched him in 1869 (Figures 1 and 2). The names of the six artists who worked for Chero-Cola and its successor brands, and White Rock have been lost to history. According to the advertisements created by those unknown artists, Santa was a rather short, fat, jolly old man with a long white beard wearing and a red suit trimmed in white fur. Chero-Cola Company 1918: In 1911, in Columbus, Georgia, 19

51 the Hatcher Grocery Company and Union Bottling Works were joined together to form a new bottling company – the Chero-Cola Company. Chero-Cola employed an unknown illustrator in 1918 to paint Santa Claus for their advertising [Figure 18]. The resulting illustration was captioned “His First Stop!” [The Chero-Cola Company gave birth and added over the years its successor brands, Nehi Beverages, Inc. in 1926; Royal Crown (RC) Cola in 1933; and Diet Rite Cola in 1961.] White Rock Mineral Water 1915: The beverage company with the first known drawing of Santa was the White Rock Natural Mineral Spring Company (est. 1887) of Waukesha, Wisconsin. Figure 19 features their advertisement that was published in a San Francisco Chronicle on December 19, 1915. It featured Santa Claus driving an early hard-rubber-tire truck loaded with cases of bottles of White Rock Water with the caption: “Santa Claus now includes the unsurpassed mineral water White Rock among his tokens of the Yuletide.” 1916: Just a year later the White Rock Natural Mineral Spring Company featured a second advertisement (New York Herald, Sunday, December 10, 1916) featuring Santa Claus flying an airplane packed with toys and White Rock Mineral water [Figure 20]. The caption of the illustration was: “He includes in all his modern equipment the unsurpassed mineral water White Rock.” 20

1923: The White Rock Mineral Spring Company placed a full-color advertisement featuring Santa Claus at his desk reading letters from children [Figure 21]. On the desk a bottle of White Rock Mineral Water and a bottle of whiskey sit together with a mixed drink. Santa is dressed in what was fast becoming the traditional garb – a red velvet suit and hat both trimmed in what

52 fur. He also had the now standard long white beard. The caption is: “White Rock Ginger Ale.” The ad is from inside the back cover of the December 13, 1923 issue of Life magazine. [Life was a New York periodical born January 4, 1883 as a general-interest light entertainment magazine, heavy on illustrations, jokes, and social commentary. The magazine lasted 53 years until Henry Luce, publisher of Fortune and Time, bought it in 1936. It was, at that time, turned into a news picture magazine that many of us today can remember.] 1924: In December 1924, the White Rock Mineral Spring Company used another ad featuring Santa Claus [Figure 22]. In it Santa is once again dressed in the traditional garb of red with white trim and sporting a full white beard. As in the 1923 ad there is a bottle of White Rock Mineral Water and bottle of spirits by its side on a table. The typical toys for children are piled on the floor. The caption reads: “White Rock is the leading mineral water. White Rock ginger ale is [also] very good.” 1925: Their ad for December 1925 [Figure 23] features Santa sitting on a bench beside an empty sack. He appears tired from his annual trip. An open bottle of mineral water sits beside him. He is shown wiping the sweat from his brow and there is an open icebox with several bottles of White Rock inside. The caption: “White Rock is the leading mineral water – also White Rock PALE DRY ginger ale.” Santa is wearing the red suit trimmed in white. His red white-fur-trimmed hat is on the top of the refrigerator. The Coca-Cola Company Haddon Sundblom (1899-1976) Haddon Hubert “Sunny” Sundblom [Figure 24] is the artist best known for the images of Santa Claus he created for The Coca-Cola Company from 1931-1964 (33 years). Sundblom was born in Muskegon, Michigan to a Swedish-speaking 24

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Bottles and Extras Contemporary artists who paint Santa Claus

28 immigrant family. Of all the Coca-Cola Santas Sundblom painted for Coke, the following are some of his most popular: Figures 25 (1931 – his first); 26 (1945); 27 (1956); 28 (1961); 29 (1963); and 30 (1964 – his last). The urban legend that Sundblom is the man most responsible for Santa Claus as we visualize him today can easily be declared false. The image of Santa has changed gradually from those of Thomas Nast in the mid-1800s to those of today’s illustrators. [Those American artists who drew and painted the advertisements of Santa Claus were famous for other artwork. Haddon Sundblom, is a good example, he created the image of the Quaker Oats man in 1957. Another of Sundblom’s famous creations for the Coca-Cola was the Sprite Boy (1942). The Sprite Boy wore either a soda jerk’s cap to promote fountain sales or a bottle cap to advertise bottled Coca-Cola. In the mid-1930s, he began to paint pin-up and glamour pieces for calendars. And Sundblom’s last assignment promoting Coca-Cola was in 1972. It was a cover painting of a pretty blonde woman for Playboy’s Christmas issue (Figure 31).] With his death in 1976 came an end the era of “The Soda Pop Santas” (19151972). [Coke still uses Santa in some of its Christmas ads hence a new crop of contemporary graphic artists who portray Santa holding a glass or bottle of Coke have emerged.]

Tom Browning (1949- ) Among the many contemporary artists who specialize in creating images of Santa Claus, a favorite is Tom Browning, who has been a professional artist since 1972 [Figure 32]. It’s ironic that a commercial v e n t u r e launched by Tom just over a decade ago created an entirely new market for Santa Figure 32 Claus and put Tom at the top when it comes to depicting the beloved icon both at work and play. Tom has painted over 123 individual depictions of Santa since 1984. One of the favorites is “Spirit-of-Santa” [Figure 33]. Susan Comish Susan Comish [Figure 34] studied art with John Howard of New York, Robert Bruce William of Washington, DC and the renowned painter, Gene W. Anthony. Her studio is located in Utah. She is a member of the Portrait Institute of New Figure 34 York and a member of the American Portrait Society. Her historical and religious paintings hang in Universities, businesses, research institutions, and private homes on several continents. Among her artistic renderings of Santa Claus is “Down the Chimney” [Figure 35]. She ranks high within the group of contemporary artists who are continuing to keep Santa the man in a red suit with a long white beard. Dona Geisinger Dona Gelsinger was born in Phoenix and currently lives in the Rogue River Valley in southern Oregon. She is renowned in the art world and among collectors for her images of nature, angels, and Santa Claus [Figure 36].

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007


Peggy Abrams Peggy Abrams, as the story goes, sketched from the time she could hold a pencil until she was a teenager, when she began working with oils. Abrams grew up in a farming community in Michigan. Her family provided her with any means possible to nurture her artistic talents, including her mother saving old wallpaper and Shredded Wheat boxes for her to draw on. As a young girl, old dolls, lace and large hats, elements of the stylish Victorian era, which always interested her, inspired Abrams. Figure 37 Today she is an atypical contemporary painter of Santa Claus. [Figure 37] She is famous for her Victorian Santas [Figures 38 and 39] sometimes still very popular in Europe.

Faust, Albert Bernhardt. The German Element in the United States II. Cambridge: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909.

Santa Claus Today The commercial success of Santa Claus led to the North American Santa Claus being exported around the world where he threatens to overcome the traditional European St. Nicholas, who has retained his identity as a Christian bishop and saint.

Periodicals: Berryman, Val R. Michigan’s Coca-Cola Santa Claus: Haddon Hubbard Sundblom. November/December, 1995 Michigan History.






Munsey, Cecil. The Illustrated Guide to the COLLECTIBLES OF COCA-COLA (Chapter 36). New York, Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1972. Paine, Albert Bigelow. Thomas Nast, His Period and His Pictures. New York: Macmillan, 1904. Wandel, Joseph. The German Dimension of American History. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1979. Wittke, Carl. Refugees of Revolution. The German Forty-Eighters in America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1952.

Munsey, Cecil. Santa Claus: White Rock’s Pre-dates Coca-Cola’s. Bottles & Extras (Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors), Vol. 14, No. 4, Fall 2003.

References: Books: America Through the Eyes of German Immigrant Painters. Boston: Gothe Institute Boston, 11976.

Munsey, Cecil. Coca-Cola Advertising (188 Advertisements) in National Geographic Magazine (1933-1965) collected by Cecil Munsey. San Diego, CA. Privately published, 2000, The BOTTLENECK. Wilson, Ralph F. The Real Saint Nick. Joyful Heart Ministries, 1985. Internet: (Santa Claus and White Rock from 1915) (Santa Claus and White Rock from 1923) (Santa Claus and White Rock from 1924) (Santa Claus in truck 1915 newspaper) (Santa Claus in airplane 1915 newspaper)

Figure 39

Cecil Munsey 13541 Willow Run Road Poway, CA 92064-1733 (858) 487-7036


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Bottles and Extras

Have You Seen A Scalloped Flange Tumbler? Part Two of Two By Barry L. Bernas Introduction The last edition of Bottles and Extras carried Part One of this article. In this segment, I will continue to introduce models of scalloped flange and flange-less tumblers. These examples were either advertised or have survived to this day. In addition, I will end with a series of comments about this uniquely crafted piece of glassware. Figure 8 More Tumbler Advertisements The Perfection Glass Company of Washington, Pennsylvania sponsored the next two sales promotions. Appearing in Crockery and Glass Journal, these focused on the expanded line of separating ware available from that organization.1 Figure 7 shows the August 20, 1903 edition. At the approximate four o’clock position, a scalloped flange tumbler of the No. 40 C style from Perfection

Figure 7

Manufacturing was illustrated. As you can see, no further comment about it was contained within the text of this ad. One week later in the same glass trade journal, the outer shell of the enticement in Figure 7 was carried once again. In this instance, the recycled framework was accompanied by a different center insert.2 As was the case with the previous sale’s

enticement, a No. 40 C type of scalloped flange tumbler was carried in the same clock setting. During the August to October 1903 timeframe, a product booklet, touted in the initial advertisements by the Perfection Glass Company, was published. This catalog of sorts was called The Evolution of Table Glass.3 In it, all or some of the Corporation’s scalloped flange and flangeless tumbler series was either described or depicted. See Figure 8. On the left, the electrotype resembles the profile of the previously introduced No. 40 C style of scalloped flange tumbler. Unlike its earlier counterpart, this example had a handle attached to its outer side wall. This model and others like it were marketed as the container in an iced tea set consisting of a glass and a matching drip tray. Accompanying the drawing of this item in the Perfection Glass catalog was a descriptive text that had a running commentary about its advantages. Within this write-up, the first set of measurements was given for a scalloped flange tumbler. The handled container on the left in Figure 8 was listed as being 4 ½ inches tall with a twelve fluid ounce capacity. Also, the same textual component identified the style numbers that went along with this vessel and others similar to it that were in the iced tea sets from Perfection Glass. Here are those listings. Style 380 consisted of a plain angled outer side wall tumbler without a handle or scalloped flange. Next was Style 381. This iced tea set had a similarly profiled glass. Like its previous mate, it was unhandled. However, similarities between 380 and 381 ended at

Bottles and Extras this point because this container had a scalloped flange around its inner surface. The third edition of a tumbler within a Perfection Glass iced tea set carried the designation - Style 382. This version had the same plain and unembossed outer surface as other models entered into this section. The difference between this flangeless sample and specimen 380 was the handle on its exterior. And finally, the design shown on the left side in Figure 8 was known as Style 383.4 The opposite illustrations in Figure 8 are the other scalloped flange and flangeless tumblers marketed by the Perfection Glass Company. On the far left is a glass with the Royal pattern formed onto its outer surface. Identified as Style 250, this new example had a scalloped flange around its inner side wall. Next to it on the right is a clear, straight side walled edition with a scalloped flange inside of it. In Perfection Manufacturing ads, a similarly profiled and equipped model carried the identifier No. 52 C. This version, which also has a circular petal design on its base, was

Figure 9

November-December 2007 inexplicably labeled Style 50. In the center spot is the flange-less specimen with a Colonial pattern on its exterior. As was the case in prior Perfection Manufacturing promotions, this sample still carried the No. and/or Style 253 designation. Style 35 occupied the second from the right slot. This clear flared side wall variety shows a scalloped flange just below its inner lip. The fifth model on the far right was identified as Style 40. This edition was clear in color and had angled inward side walls. On the inside surface just below the mouth, a scalloped flange was present. This rendition closely resembles if not matches the prior No. 40 C model as well as the Style 381 example.5 Figure 9 depicts the final advertisement I could find that showed a scalloped flange tumbler from Perfection Glass. This promotion was carried in the November 1903 editions of Ladiesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Home Journal and The Munsey. Clearly visible in this illustration is the Style 250 scalloped flange tumbler. It appeared as part of a matching lemonade set, comprised of a Royal

55 patterned jug and six glasses. Preparatory Comments In the tumbler sections that follow, I will show pictures of scalloped flange editions that resemble the advertised examples in Figures 7-9. Along with the photograph, a description of the actual specimen will be provided.6 Please keep in mind that I only have the aforementioned ads and a product catalog to use as a guide for comparing the promoted illustration to the actual model. Because of this limitation, there may be instances when an exact determination canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be made as to which surviving tumbler corresponds to which electrotype diagram. Since precise details are lacking, any alignment I present is based solely upon my visual correlation. Sources As was the case for the tumbler sections in Part One, the photographs of scalloped flange editions and their accompanying data sets that follow were either furnished


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by me or Adele and Orrin Klitzner of Andover, New Jersey. Tumbler Four As you can see, the clear tumbler in Figure 10 has no discernable pattern on its outer surface. Weighing twelve and three-fourth ounces, this glass shows a 3/16 of an inch thickness and is 4 1/16 inches tall. The opening at its top has an outer diameter of 3 1/8 inches. The side wall on this version angles slightly inward from the lip to the base. Approximately one-fourth inch above the bottom section, the outer body curves inward until the bearing surface is reached. The width of the base at this point is 2 7/16 inches.

Figure 10

This model rests on a segment of glass that is 7/16 of an inch in thickness. The first feature you come to on the underneath region is a 1/4 inch wide flat bearing surface. Directly following this trait is a circular concaved depression that has a 1 7/8 inches diameter to it. Within this area is a design

molded into the cupped impression. This pattern is comprised of thirty petal shaped objects that are 7/8 of an inch long. These facets are aligned side by side in a circular fashion. Each profile is debossed in a v-shaped indentation throughout its length. All of the geometric forms have four exterior sides. For the top portion of this figure, two lines angle up and inward, coming to a point. Conversely, the two longer bottom lines angle inward and down, coming to a point at the latter end. The intersection of the first two lines with their lengthier counterparts resembles two triangles, one short and one long, facing in opposite directions. If you draw an imaginary line between both, the horizontal separation would be 1 / 8 inch. At their farthest end, all of the adjoined petals meet at a fixed location in the center of the concave surface on the base of the tumbler. On the inside of this example, a 3/4 inch plain circular surface is just under the lip. Immediately thereafter, there are fifteen finger tip shaped projections that angle upward and out into the inner central region of the tumbler. When filled to the overflow mark, this edition holds eleven ounces of liquid.7 This sample could be the actual model of a scalloped flange tumbler marketed under the Style 50 designation. Tumbler Five The next clear glass scalloped flange tumbler can be seen in Figure 11. This specimen is 4 1/16 inches in height. It weighs nine and one-half ounces and has a thickness of 3/16 inch. Around the top, the measurement of the distance across this region is 2 7/8 inches. Its side wall descends from the lip at a slight inward angle. About 1 /4 of an inch above the bottom edge, this feature curves inward. At this point, the

Bottles and Extras outer diameter is 2 3/8 inches. The under side of the base consists of a flat 1/4 inch wide bearing surface; a slanted 1 /8 inch long depression and a flat circular surface with a 1 3/4 inches outer diameter. On the central segment, a circular twentyeight petal design is present. Each decorative object in this floral pattern is 13 /16 of an inch in length. These are shaped and aligned like the ones described for Tumbler Four. As you look down into this sample, a 3 / 4 inch long plain circular surface is encountered. Next, the flange is seen along the interior side wall. It is constructed of fourteen finger tip shaped forms which angle out and upward. This particular example can hold eleven fluid ounces when filled to the top.8 Figure 11 also has a picture of the inside of the glass, showing the scalloped flange motif and base pattern. This is the second candidate for the Style 50 container shown in The Evolution of Table Glass. Tumbler Six The last style of scalloped flange tumbler that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve encountered carries the Royal motif pressed onto its outer surface. It can be viewed in Figure 12. Perfection Glass Company ads identified this edition as Style 250. Of the eleven actual examples that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been able to inspect, four height ranges were noted among the individual pieces. These were 4 1/8, 4 1/16, 4 and 3 15/16 inches. For the outer diameter of the mouth on the same models, a swath of measurements was also witnessed. Under this category, the three figures were 3 1/8, 3 and 2 7/8 inches. Since the glass for this version was hand gathered, you would expect to find varying weights for each of the eleven Royal Figure 12

Figure 11

Bottles and Extras scalloped flange tumblers. This expectation was met. The high and low end points came in at eleven and one-half and nine and onehalf ounces, respectively. Side walls on the samples I’ve seen either slant slightly inward from the tip of the lip to the bottom edge of the base or have a minute convex outer profile along the same distance. Regardless of the version, an inward curve is seen just above the nadir of the glass. Besides the Royal pattern around the exterior circumference, all of the Style 250 specimens that I’ve examined were made in a three piece mold. Seams along the body of the vessel bear out my observation. Some even extended into the plain circular surface above the design panels, indicating a poor job of fire polishing by Perfection Glass workmen. This edition of a scalloped flange tumbler rests on a 3/16 inch wide bearing surface. At the innermost point of this feature, an angled down and inward smooth plane descends to a secondary circular surface. A debossed pattern is pressed into this central region. The design is comprised of multiple petals that are similarly shaped. These depressed outlines were described under Tumbler Four and seen again on Tumbler Five. However, in this case, there were only twenty forms making up the circular arrangement instead of thirty or twenty-eight. When you look down into this style of Perfection tumbler, the first trait that is encountered is a plain circular area just above the outwardly and upwardly projecting flange. This segment of the inner body is either 3/4 or 11/16 inch in length. Each of the eleven samples had fourteen finger tip-like objects making up the distinctive border feature on the interior side wall of the container. Introductory Comments Now that the promoted and known examples of a scalloped flange or flangeless tumbler have been presented, I want to talk briefly about other aspects related to this stunning set of glassware. Comment One As I’ve pointed out in prior sections of this article, the Perfection Manufacturing Company was the first firm to advertise the scalloped flange tumbler. Did this organization also manufacture the same article? If you look to the 1903 Glass Factory Directory for an answer to this

November-December 2007 question, you will find no reference to this concern. 9 So which Washington, Pennsylvania glass maker did produce this item? The Washington Directory for 1903-04 provides a probable response to my latter query. On separate pages of this document, both the Perfection Manufacturing Company and the Sterling Glass Works are listed as occupying the same piece of real estate. Not by any coincidence, the same Sterling business was also entered into that year’s Glass Factory Directory as a glass maker.10 Using the same references along with one other, the Commonwealth’s State Gazetteer for 1903-04, officers for the Perfection Manufacturing Company were identified as William B. Fenn, Russell Uhl and Benjamin F. Roberts. While for Sterling, its leadership team consisted of Charles S. Caldwell, William B. Fenn, George L. Caldwell and Benjamin F. Roberts.11 As you can see from this set of facts, both firms occupied the same land within the then Borough of Washington. Each had similar officers but only one produced glass. Since Perfection Manufacturing advertised scalloped flange tumblers for sale, I deduced from this fact that this firm was the marketing agent for glassware produced in the Sterling Glass Works. Another way of phrasing my first comment would be that Perfection was a jobber for Sterling ware. Comment Two What happened to this arrangement when the Perfection Glass Company started to promote their scalloped flange and flange-less tumblers? This is a much less trickier question to address. The Perfection Glass Company was granted corporation status in July 1903 to conduct a multifaceted glass related business in Washington, Pennsylvania. This organization was formed to finance upgrades to the Perfection Manufacturing and Sterling Glass concerns and then consolidate the operations of both under a single corporate entity.12 Thus, my second comment is as follows. The Perfection Glass Company, a direct successor to both the Perfection Manufacturing Company and the Sterling Glass Works, continued to manufacture and market scalloped flange and flange-less tumblers formerly accomplished by the aforementioned two concerns.

57 Comment Three Why are finger tip shaped projections within the flange referred to by the term scallop? Originally, I presumed Company personnel applied this name to their product because the glass extensions on the inner surface of the scalloped flange tumbler were formed to resemble the profile of a scallop’s shell. An inspection of any actual example of this protrusion quickly dispelled this thought. Instead of a fan shaped exterior, these curved and angled upward interior extensions looked more like the tip of my little finger. So then why was the word – scalloped – used to identify this piece of glassware? In discussing this dilemma with my wife, she pointed out that the term – scalloped is also used to describe certain patterns seen on clothing and jewelry. Off to the dictionary I went. Sure enough, there was such a definition for this word. It follows. “…Any series of variously carved projections forming an ornamental border, as on fabrics or lace…”13 Thanks to my spouse, I can make a third comment. The word - scalloped – refers to the outward appearance of the entire arrangement around the flange vice the individual profile of each member. Comment Four How was a scalloped flange tumbler made? I don’t know but let me hypothesize at bit about the process. With a high degree of certainty, I can state that the surviving clear and patterned (Royal) scalloped flange tumblers were pressed in one and three piece molds, respectively. However, what I can’t say with the same level of confidence is whether the flange formation on these models was part of the same process. When you inspect a scalloped flange tumbler, you know right away that a plunger head coming down into and through the center of the cavity couldn’t have formed the collar of glass with its extensions at the same time it pressed the molten glass towards the outer reaches of the mold. Therefore, another step or two were likely required to form this vessel. These additional production stages probably involved a separate mold and other special devices or tools. I’ve found a trade journal report that indicated a finisher was involved in completing the work on each tumbler.14 His labor could have entailed fire polishing the

58 outer surface of the glass for a brilliant sheen or removing any unsightly seams throughout the body or both. Also, this function could have required the fitting together of the tumbler that was formed in two or more different molds. I guess another job of his could have been to apply the flange by hand and then finish sculpting and elevating the individual protrusions. If this was the case, I think some kind of special tool was needed. I say this because the glass objects that comprise the flange on the models I’ve examined all are remarkably similar in outer profile and their angle of inclination. I can continue to speculate endlessly about the “how” of the process but doing so seems pointless. My fourth comment is a plea for assistance. It is my sincere hope that a mechanical engineer or someone of a similar skill/experience rating will step forward to resolve this issue. Maybe he or she can furnish us with a laymen’s explanation of the pressing methodology and the equipment necessary to accomplish this task. Comment Five I could find no patent paperwork at the United States Patent and Trademark Office for a scalloped flange tumbler. When I was searching through the records of this Federal agency, I was sure something would turn up under William B. Fenn’s sponsorship. But this wasn’t to be the case. Nonetheless, in another place, I did find a hint that he may have tried to secure a patent, design or otherwise, for this item. But his effort, if he did go this route, proved to be a failure for some reason or another.15 Even though a patent trail hasn’t been uncovered, one more source suggested this kind of glass was conceived by Mr. Fenn. After reading the subsequent excerpt, see if you agree with me. “…W. B. Fenn seems to have struck a popular chord with the public in the invention and manufacture of separating glassware and his flanged tumblers…”16 These two fragments of information bolster my fifth comment. Although he wasn’t granted a patent for his work, I’m nearly convinced that William B. Fenn came up with the original idea for a scalloped flange tumbler. Comment Six It might be useful to state why I aligned the first set of scalloped flange tumblers

November-December 2007 (Figures 4-6) with the Perfection Manufacturing Company and those that followed (Figures 10-12) with the Perfection Glass Company. My rationale for this assignment was simple. I direct your attention back to the ads in Figures 1 through 3. Closely inspect the electrotypes therein. You’ll notice in the first two Perfection Manufacturing ads that the bottom side of each example of a scalloped flange tumbler was unembossed. By itself, this factor doesn’t mean there wasn’t embossing of some sort on the underneath surface. Unfortunately, a similar determination can’t be made for the No. 253 Colonial patterned flange-less tumbler in Figure 3.17 In my way of thinking, the presence of embossed patent related information or an unembossed bottom side on a scalloped flange or flange-less tumbler is the key indicator that this item was Sterling made and Perfection Manufacturing marketed. While not having a sampling large enough to support a final empirical judgment, the small number of actual examples listed in Figures 4-6 will have to suffice for the purposes of my analysis. Let’s review the relevant data on these specimens to see if my theory could be plausible. The descriptions that accompanied the photographs for the examples in Figures 4-6 stipulated that the phrase – PAT APD FOR – was prominently inscribed on the base of each model.18 My interpretation of this important information is as follows. The abbreviated phrase – PAT APD FOR – was most likely placed on the base of a scalloped flange tumbler right after its début. The same verbiage should have remained in that location until a patent was issued either for its design or its method of production. Thereafter, the word PATENTED or some similar abbreviation style, signifying the issuance of United States Patent Office protection for the concept, should be embossed on the base of the scalloped flange tumbler. Of course, there could be a period both before and after the above process when nothing at all would be on the underneath side of these models.19 If my contention is correct, a SterlingPerfection scalloped flange tumbler can be recognized by either the presence or absence of a patent related inscription on its base. Keep one thing in mind, when it comes to the No. 253 or Colonial patterned lemonade or water glasses in Figure 3, my methodology for the clear models of

Bottles and Extras Sterling-Perfection tumblers may not apply. Now, go back to the next set of promotions and product catalog listings that came from the Perfection Glass Company. These are contained in Figures 7-9. The initial two advertisements contain a picture that resembles a clear No. 40 C style of scalloped flange tumbler. The image of it in either sales ploy doesn’t show anything on its base. I would expect this to be the case because an unembossed under side would be the final step in the patent process that I discussed previously. Moreover, the transition just occurred from separate Sterling-Perfection operations to consolidated Perfection Glass run production and sales. Thus, any tumbler profiles shown in an ad from this new company would still be depicted with the older style of base. Once Perfection Glass management took hold, another style of underneath was seen on the scalloped flange tumblers in the Company’s product catalog. See the right-hand set of glasses in Figure 8. The model positioned second from the left and designated Style 50 has a circular pattern molded into its base. In my opinion, the presence or absence of a pattern in this area is the key factor, which is indicative of a Perfection Glass manufactured and marketed glass. As we have seen, the actual example of a Style 250 scalloped flange tumbler, pictured in Figure 12, has a debossed circular petal pattern on its base. The probable Style 50 versions in Figures 10 and 11 have a similar design in the same spot. When a Style 253 model is discovered, I’m betting it also will carry another kind of insignia on it’s under side. Likewise, I’d expect the actual specimens of Style 35, 40 and 380-383 scalloped flange or flange-less tumblers to have either a circular petal impression or an unembossed base. With the prior hypothesis as my guide, I can now make my last comments. The majority of scalloped flange and flange-less tumblers from the Sterling-Perfection period of manufacture and sale should have embossed patent information on their bases. 20 The remainder could be unembossed in the same region. For those from the Perfection Glass era, either an unembossed or distinctive petal pattern should be present on the underneath side. Summary How many different styles of scalloped flange and flange-less tumblers were made

Bottles and Extras and sold? Regrettably, I don’t know. The absence of a Perfection Manufacturing Company product booklet severely hinders my quest to know for sure which types came from the SterlingPerfection organizations. On the positive side of the same coin, the presence of a Perfection Glass Company brochure of wares helps to document what styles were made and sold by that firm. Coupling the above source with discovered advertisements and surviving examples, I’ve been able to document a sizeable number of scalloped flange and flange-less tumblers that came from these three companies. But I’ve got a feeling that many versions have successfully evaded capture and are still running free throughout the wilds of hobby-land. If my notion is correct, there probably are more unlocated examples in different sizes and shapes. These undiscovered plain or patterned models could have a scalloped flange or no flange at all. They may be adorned with a handle or come without this feature. Additionally, there may be ones with different engraving on the outer surface or even with ruby, green or gold staining on their exteriors. I’ve presented all of the information I have about this series of fascinating tumblers. I’m now turning to the readers of this article for help in cataloging other models. If you have corralled such a critter, I humbly request that you contact me directly so that I can record your find and add your trophy to my case of growing data on scalloped flange tumblers. BLB

Endnotes: 1 Saturday Evening Post, August 15, 1903, pg. 17; Ibid, August 29, 1903, pg. 18; Ibid, September 19, 1903, pg. 28; Ibid, October 3, 1903, pg. 16; McClure’s, October 1903; Ladies’ Home Journal, September 1903; November 1903; The Munsey, October 1903; Ibid, November 1903; Crockery and Glass Journal, September 3, 1903, pg. 40; Ibid, September 10, 1903, pg. 40; Ibid, September 17, 1903, pg. 40; Ibid, September 24, 1903, Ibid; October 1, 1903; Ibid, October 8, 1903 and Ibid, October 15, 1903. The above sources contained other advertisements by the Perfection Glass Company during the August 15 through December 1, 1903 period. However, none of these contain any reference to scalloped flange tumblers.

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Crockery and Glass Journal, August 20, 1903, pg. 40 and Ibid, August 27, 1903, pg. 40. The complete text of the first ad follows directly here. “MILLIONS SEE US! AN IDEAL ACHIEVED! “If it separates it’s perfection” Sparkling Crystal Separating Glass. The pride and glory of the housewife. Gives an air of refined elegance to the table or sideboard because of its originality and dainty gracefulness. Easily filled with ice. Rich in Design Beautiful in brilliancy of finish. Sensible in its separating features Thoroughly sanitary – cleanliness unsurpassed Easily filled and cleaned Locked by handsome nickel ring More economical than the ordinary kind and sold at same price. Made in an endless variety of Water Bottles, Water and Claret Sets, Cruets, Syrups, Butter Dishes, Sugar, Cream and Spoon Holders, Bitters, Phosphate, Cologne and Barbers’ Bottles, Decanters and Chilling Bottles, etc. Handsome booklet, ‘Evolution of Table Glassware {sic– Glass},’ tells all about them – mailed free for your dealer’s name. WATER BOTTLE No. 253 At your dealer’s or sent direct Prepaid for 75¢. PERFECTION GLASS CO., Franklin and Maiden, Washington, Pa. The above is a fac-simile {sic– facsimile} of one of our half-page advertisements now appearing in Munsey’s, McClure’s, Ladies’ Home Journal, Saturday Evening Post and other leading periodicals. A first edition of 50,000 copies of our handsome two-color booklet, ‘Evolution of Table Glass,’ is rapidly being distributed. Inquiries from the consumer for Perfection Separating Glass are being referred to the nearest dealer handling same. ARE YOU ONE OF THEM? Large catalogue showing goods full size, together with our liberal terms to dealers, mailed on request. PERFECTION GLASS CO., WASHINGTON, PA.” The text of the promotion in the second reference is basically the same. The only significant difference is in the center insert. It has a depiction of a No. 253 Colonial patterned cruet and vertically ribbed stopper instead of a Colonial patterned water bottle. The complete cruet sold for 35 cents. 3 Perfection Glass Company, One of Many Glass Houses in Washington, Pennsylvania, Barry L. Bernas, 239 Ridge Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325, 2005, pgs. 9, 62-63 and XLIII. The text of the two Perfection Glass ads in Crockery and Glass Journal indicated there was a “twocolor” booklet that showed the Company’s ware in full size. The two known Perfection

59 Glass Company catalogs titled The Evolution of Table Glass didn’t show the product line in full size. Thus, there may be another brochure awaiting discovery. 4 The full textual description follows on Perfection’s iced tea sets. “ICED TEA SETS – A long felt want at last supplied. An iced tea glass with a handle and drip tray to match. The tray is so constructed as to catch the drip (caused from glass sweating). We make the tumbler with handle and without. The flange keeps the ice from touching and chilling the teeth; strong, easily cleaned and unequaled for all iced drinks. Size of tumbler 4 ½ in. high, capacity 12 ozs. The iced tea glass has become as {sic much a} staple as a cup and saucer, and our new iced tea set is absolutely perfect in all its appointments. Style 380. Tumbler plain with drip tray to match. Style 381. Tumbler with flange and drip tray to match. Style 382. Handled Tumbler plain and drip tray to match. Style 383. Handled Tumbler with flange and drip tray to match.” 5 The text that accompanied the sketches of this set of scalloped flange and flangeless tumblers is provided here. “PATENT SCALLOPED FLANGE TUMBLERS. Keeps the ice from touching and chilling the teeth or coming in contact with the lips, causing an embarrassing sipping noise. Strong, durable and easily cleaned. Unequaled for all iced drinks. Style 250 (drawing of this tumbler) Style 50 (drawing of this tumbler) Style 253 Without Flange. (drawing of this tumbler) Style 35 (drawing of this tumbler) Style 40 (drawing of this tumbler) We manufacture flanged tumblers in plain and fancy patterns, for all uses, in great variety.” 6 In the case of the Colonial patterned tumbler (No. 253), I haven’t located an actual example. 7 I have a similar model to the one shown in Figure 10. It has the same measurements as the one described in the text except for the outer diameters of the mouth and base. These are 3 3 / 16 and 2 3 / 8 inches, respectively. Also, the circular plain region just inside the lip on this version is 11/16 of an inch in length. 8 There is another example to match this sample of a scalloped flange tumbler. It is 3 15/16 inches tall with a topside opening of 2 13/16 inches across the center. 9 R. L. Polk & Co.’s Washington Directory 1903-04, R. L. Polk & Co. Publishers, Pittsburg, Penna., pg. 274; Fruit Jar News Clearing House, Dick Roller, Old Bottle


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Magazine, March 1976, pg. 16 and Complete Directory of Glass Factories and Potteries of the United States and Canada, Commoner Publishing Co., Box 555, Pittsburg, Pa., 1903, pg. 18. Oddly, the first two references from above listed the Perfection Manufacturing Company as a glass manufacturer and bottle manufacturer, respectively. 10 R. L. Polk & Co.’s Washington Directory 1903-04, R. L. Polk & Co. Publishers, Pittsburg, Penna., pgs. 274 and 318 and Complete Directory of Glass Factories and Potteries of the United States and Canada, Commoner Publishing Co., Box 555, Pittsburg, Pa., 1903, pg. 18. The following source also puts the Perfection Manufacturing Company on the same plots of land as the Sterling Glass Works. Fruit Jar News Clearing House, Dick Roller, Old Bottle Magazine, March 1976, pg. 16. 11 R. L. Polk & Co.’s Washington Directory 1903-04, R. L. Polk & Co. Publishers, Pittsburg, Penna., pgs. 274, 292 and 333; Fruit Jar News Clearing House, Dick Roller, Old Bottle Magazine, March 1976, pg. 16 and Complete Directory of Glass Factories and Potteries of the United States and Canada, Commoner Publishing Co., Box 555, Pittsburg, Pa., 1903, pg. 18. The last reference had Mr. Fenn listed as W. P. Fenn instead of W. B. Fenn. I believe the letter “P” was a typesetter’s error. 12 Perfection Glass Company, One of Many Glass Houses in Washington, Pennsylvania, Barry L. Bernas, 239 Ridge Avenue, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325, 2005, pgs. 5-9. 13 NEW COLLEGE EDITION THE AMERICAN HERITAGE DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, William Morris, Editor, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts (and other cities within the United States), 1976, pg. 1158. 14 Commoner and Glassworker, February 14, 1903, pg. 2. 15 Docket 2339, District Court of the United States, for the Western District of

Pennsylvania, December 1903. The reference indicated Mr. Fenn filed some type of a patent request on January 26, 1903. However, the exact nature of the innovation wasn’t recorded. Either the Patent Office denied has request or the approval paperwork wasn’t recorded. Since the filing time corresponded to the introductory period for the scalloped flange tumbler, a slight circumstantial case can be made for the argument that William B. Fenn attempted to gain a patent for this unique piece of glassware. 16 Crockery and Glass Journal, April 30, 1903, pg. 27. 17 The No. 253 style of tumbler may have a pattern debossed on its base. I say this because all other examples of separating ware with the pressed Colonial outward design that I’ve seen have the same distinctive insignia on their underneath side. When an example or two of this style of glass are found, I’ll be able to determine whether my hunch is valid. 18 The phrase – PAT APD FOR – could have: 1) a period after each abbreviation or word; 2) a period only after the abbreviations PAT and APD or 3) no periods after any abbreviation or word. 19 In my experience, the presence of the phrase – PAT APD FOR - normally precedes or directly follows the submission of paperwork to patent the applicable innovation. In addition to this abbreviation on the base of clear Sterling-Perfection scalloped flange tumblers, the use of the word – PATENT – in Perfection Manufacturing ads suggested that the patent process was either in progress or was completed with approval to follow. Of course, the word – PATENT – could also carry the alternative definition “plain” or “of high quality.” 20 The exception to this rule may be the No. 253 or Colonial patterned flange-less tumbler. It could have had a design on its base from the start. We’ll have to wait until one turns up to know for sure.

Barry L. Bernas 239 Ridge Avenue Gettysburg, PA 17325 (717) 338-9539

Bottles and Extras Monterey — An Enigma Bottle By Harvey Teal Continued from page 44. explore, but authorities soon revoked it. In 1856, Fremont ran for the U.S. presidency. No connection for the 1760 date in the ad and Monterey is known. The enigma is this: why should a patent medicine with a western name and a western advertising theme have been produced and sold in South Carolina? O’Reardon states in his letter, “The stuff from which we manufacture grows abundantly in this state and no where nearer the great centers of population.” However, he never identifies by name the plant or herb. The newspaper ad suggests by the following phrase that the plant or herb being used grew in a swamp: “The poison of the swamp has its antidote in the swamp.” One label said Monterey was a vegetable extract. O’Reardon does not reveal any real specifics about Monterey’s contents. It likely was somewhat like the group of “cure-alls” known as bitters which usually contained an abundant portion of alcohol, some laxative and perhaps some plant or herb with limited medicinal value. Other questions abound. Was Monterey a nationally distributed medicine? The newspaper ad states O’Reardon and Wagner & Co., were state agents for Monterey. Was Monterey a franchised operation? One or more of these bottles have shown up in western auctions. Has any western or other collector seen or know of a “Monk’s Remedy” bottle? Preliminary contacts did not answer any of these questions about Monterey. Although only having the shape of a stomach and not having the glamour of some figural bottles like Indian queens, ears of corn, log cabins or flasks with eagles and famous Americans, Monterey is a 19 th Century South Carolina colored figural medicine and, as such, is quite desirable and collectible. In fact, it is the only colored figural medicine known from the state. The author would like to hear from others having information about Monterey, or owning one of the bottles. Please write to him at 2337 Terrace Way, Columbia, SC 29205.

Bottles and Extras

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North and South: Tales of Two Whiskey Men By Jack Sullivan Special to Bottles and Extras The Civil War was the greatest national cataclysm of American history. Not only did it cause the country’s greatest number of war deaths, it disrupted the lives of millions. This is the story of two men caught up in the war, one a Southerner who went North and survived a death camp; the other a Northerner who went South and found prosperity. Both left notable legacies in the whiskey trade. The Rebel was George Shawhan; the Yankee was E.E. Dowham. The Southerner Who Went North In late July, 1863, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan [Figure 1] brought the Civil War north to Indiana and Ohio. Morgan and his men on horseback pillaged and terrorized dozens of hamlets and towns, moving east from Indiana. A contemporary lithograph from Harper ’s Magazine depicted the attack by Morgan’s Raiders on Washington Court House, Ohio [Figure 2]. The Southern horsemen ranged as far east and north as Steubenville. With them was a young giant with prodigious strength named George Shawhan. Born in 1843, Shawhan joined the Confederate army in Kentucky in 1862 at the age of 19. He stood six feet five inches tall and weighed 250 pounds. This was at

Figure 1: General John Hunt Morgan. a time when American males averaged 5 feet, 8 inches, and less than 150 pounds. With most of Morgan’s troop, Shawhan was captured trying to cross the Ohio River into West Virginia in August 1863. He was sent to Camp Douglas on the outskirts of Chicago, a prison facility known in the South as “Eight Acres of Hell.” Of the 12,000 Confederate soldiers held there, more than 4,500 died. Shawhan was a

Figure 2: Morgan’s Raiders at Washington Court House.

survivor. After the war, he returned to Kentucky, got married, tried farming and quickly decided that making whiskey was a better way of life. It was an easy choice since his family had been involved in distilling three generations back. His great-grandfather, Daniel Shawhan, had a working still near Pittsburgh where he made “Monongahela Red.” Chafing under increasing taxation, he headed out with his family for Bourbon County, Ky. There he is credited by some with producing the first “bourbon” whiskey. Daniel was followed by his son, John, in the distilling trade and John’s son, another Daniel, kept the tradition going for more decades and fathered George. The Shawhan Distillery later promoted a whiskey labeled “Shawhan Four Generation Rye,” the label shows pictures of four distillery-owning Shawhans with dates: Daniel (1786), John (1826), Daniel (1854), and George (1904) [Figure 3]. To Lone Jack, Missouri Unlike his forebears, however, George Shawhan moved out of Kentucky, in 1872 transplanting his family and mother to a town in Missouri named Lone Jack. It was named for a large black jack tree that stood

Figure 3: Four Shawhans on a whiskey label.

62 near the intersection of the Missouri and Osage Rivers. A Shawhan whiskey label later memorialized the tree. [Figure 4] The scene of a bloody Civil War battle, Lone Jack was noted for its good water and fertile soil. Shawhan bought a farm, built a pond, and within a year, completed his first distillery. Initially it had a capacity of two barrels a day, each holding 42 gallons. Figure 5 is an artist’s conception of the Lone Jack distillery. In Lone Jack, Shawhan’s strength became legendary. It is reported that he could raise a 400 pound barrel of whiskey, hold it by the rim caused by the protrusion of the staves, and drink from the bung hole to test its flavor. On one occasion, the story goes, the tailgate of his wagon holding full whiskey barrels opened, spilling the cargo onto the street. Working alone, Shawhan corralled the big kegs and heaved them back onto the wagon. In the process he dislocated his shoulder and needed the help of two friends to force it back into place. The whiskey business was flourishing when disaster struck. In September 1880 while making applejack, a boiler coil became stopped up with apple mash. When pressure was increased to clear the coil, the boiler exploded. Instantly three of Shawhan’s employees, including a father and son, were killed and six others seriously injured. Despite that setback the Shawhan enterprises grew steadily. He built three large barns where tobacco grown around Lone Jack was dried, graded and made into plugs, cigars and loose for rolling into cigarettes. Shawhan also opened a saloon in Kansas City. The story goes that the same day the saloon set a record at the cash drawer, his daughter, who had married a man named Homer Rowland, gave birth to a son. Grandfather George decreed that the name of the newborn should reflect the family’s business success. No one dared disagree him and the boy was christened “Record Rowland.” On To Weston, Missouri In 1900 disaster struck again. In January, around midnight, Shawhan’s distillery caught fire and burned to the ground. His warehouses were spared. They held 800 barrels of whiskey at the time and provided a valuable financial resource. This time the giant distiller decided against rebuilding. Instead he moved to Weston, Missouri, and bought a distillery that had

November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

Figure 4: Lone Jack Whiskey label.

Figure 7: Shawhan Whiskey ad. Figure 5: Drawing of the Lone Jack Distillery. been founded by stage coach magnate, Ben Holladay. Shown here is a postcard view of the distillery in more recent days [Figure 6]. The facility was located near a pure limestone spring and the quality of the water caused Shawhan to enthuse that with his whiskey formula he could “beat those Bourbon County fellows all hollow.” He also was withdrawing whiskey from his Lone Jack warehouses and bottling it under the Shawhan Whiskey label.

Figure 8: Shawhan advertising shot glass.

Figure 6: Postcard vew of the Weston Distillery. He began to advertise more widely including one ad that showed him on the whiskey label in his fedora hat [Figure 7]. He expanded his brands to include “1786 Shawhan Rye,” “Double Stamp,” “Four Generation,” “Lone Jack,” “Old Holladay Rye,” “Old Stamping Ground,, “Selected Stock,” “Shawhan,” “Shawhan White Corn” and “Stone River.”

Among Shawhan’s merchandising efforts were a series of shot glasses [Figure 8] and other giveaways to important customers. Throughout the late 1890s and early 1900s his whiskey business continued to grow. In 1898 Shawhan built a large home in downtown Weston for his family. It is considered a classic example of “steamboat architecture” and survives today as a Victorian style bed and breakfast [Figure 9]. In l907 Shawhan branched out, purchasing the Spring River Distillery at Verona, Missouri, and installing his sonin-law as manager. He sold his Weston

Bottles and Extras

Figure 9: Shawhan Weston mansion. distillery and the Shawhan brand name in 1908 to the Singer family who operated the distillery until Prohibition. Shawhan continued to be involved in the Verona operation until his death in 1912 at the age of 69. He is buried near Kansas City in Lee’s Summit Cemetery. The Legend Lives On Shawhan’s name was perpetuated by the Singers and their successors in their whiskey labels for years [Figure 10]. Although Prohibition interrupted production, the Old Shawhan brand name emerged after Repeal and eventually was sold to the Darling Distillery Company of Jefferson County, Kentucky. Advertised as a “Kentucky Pioneer Brand,” it depicted a man in a coonskin hat rather than Shawhan’s fedora [Figure 11] and ignoring the brand’s Missouri roots. Old Shawhan whiskey continued to be sold into Fig. 10: Bottle the 1970s. Long after of Shawhan Shawhan’s death he has Whiskey. continued to be of interest to historians and to his fellow Missourians. The Kansas City Star once

Figure 11: Post-Pro Old Shawhan label.

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ran a full page feature story about him entitled, “Distiller Matched Brew’s Power,” referring to George’s legendary strength. The reporter interviewed grandson Record Rowland who declared: “Grandpa was a person that always watched his temper, but he was a very powerful man. He drank only three toddies a day and nobody could make a toddy like he could.”

making whiskey directly from grain on his premises, is open to question. More likely he was a “rectifier,” someone who bought raw whiskey or grain alcohol from others, refined it, mixed it to taste, added color and flavor, bottled and labeled it. The resulting liquor was sold at both wholesale and retail. E.E. and his early partner, Henry Green, also dealt in beer and wine.

The Northerner Who Went South As Alexandria, a Virginia town with strong Confederate sympathies, suffered under Union occupation during the Civil War, a Yankee lad of 23 arrived in 1862 from New Jersey to sell whiskey to the thirsty troops. Five years later he would instigate a historic Supreme Court case against local officials. Despite this problematic start, he became Alexandria’s mayor and a leading citizen while founding a liquor business that prospered until the advent of Prohibition. His name was Emanuel Ethelbert (he much preferred “E.E.”) Downham, seen here in maturity Fig. 12: E.E. [Figure 12]. Downham. Downham is a fairly common English name, although our E.E. may also have had some German ancestry. Census records indicate that a substantial number of American Downhams were in the liquor business and his father, a native born American, likely was among them. Certainly E.E. Downham, whose natal year was 1839, was versed in the whiskey trade when he arrived in Alexandria to set up shop amidst Yankeehating Southern sympathizers. E.E.’s promise as an “up-and-comer” must have been evident very early. In 1865, despite being a Northerner, he married Sarah Miranda Price, the daughter of George Price, a leading Alexandria merchant. The ceremony took place at the Price mansion that stood at the northeast corner of Fairfax and Cameron Streets. The couple would be married for 56 years and produce four sons and a daughter: Henry, (1868), Francis, known as Frank (1870), Horace (1874), Robert (1876), and Maude (1878). Downham’s early business locations were on the lower end of Alexandria’s King Street. Whether he truly was a distiller,

A Historic Lawsuit In 1867, in the wake of the Civil War, the Alexandria City Council, seeking to raise additional revenues, put a series of taxes on alcoholic beverages imported into the City from outside the state, thus discriminating in favor of Virginia-made products. When the young upstart Downham refused to pay the tax, the Alexandria City Council sued him and won. He appealed lower court decisions all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. At issue was an early test of the Interstate Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. While the Court refused on a technicality to rule in favor of Downham, it asserted its right to hear the case, disputed by Alexandria, and claimed jurisdiction to overturn local taxes that violated the Commerce Clause. As a result Downham v. Alexandria (1869) became an important legal precedent, frequently cited in cases up to the present day. Despite losing his suit against the city, Downham’s political clout in Alexandria was growing. In 1868 Federal authorities issued a controversial decree that all distillers and rectifiers should purchase a standard hydrometer, a device called the Tice Meter, to measure the alcohol content of their products. (Mark Twain called it “a ten million dollar swindle.”) Downham was one of a handful of liquor merchants who complied. When it was discovered that the Tice Meter often was highly inaccurate, the IRS rescinded the requirement. Downham induced his congressman in 1873 to introduce a special claims bill for $650 to repay him its cost [Figure 13]. Although the bill died in committee, its introduction alone testified to his influence. The following year, 1874, Downham sought and won election from Alexandria’s Third Ward to the same City Council he had sued seven years earlier. He served there for two terms before seeking office on the Board of Aldermen and was elected there for five two-year terms. Following the sudden death of Mayor Smoot by heart attack at Christmas 1887, the Board met to


November-December 2007

Figure 13: Downham’s claims bill. select an interim mayor from among their number. On the sixth ballot, Downham was chosen. He was reelected in his own right in 1890, serving a total of four years, and then permanently retired from public office. Downham’s Whiskey Trade Throughout this period Downham continued his business in downtown Alexandria, beginning at 9 King Street and by 1881 moving to 13 King Street. Shown here is an 1885 ad with the latter address from E.E. Downham & Co. Wholesale Liquor Dealers. [Figure 14]. Four years later the firm moved to 107 King, It featured a menu of whiskey brands, among them was “Old Mansion,” which used an illustration of Mount Vernon on the label and on back-ofthe-bar decanters [Figure 15]. Others were “Old Dominion Family Rye,” “Crystal MaizeStraight,” “Old King Corn,” “”Mountain Corn” and “Old Triple XXX Maryland Whiskey” [Figure 16]. The flagship brand was “Belle Haven Rye,” with a well-designed label featuring heads of grain. [Figure 17]. Shown here is a giveaway cork-screw with

Figure 14: 1883 ad for the Downham firm.

Fig. 15: Belle Haven “Mount Vernon” decanter

Bottles and Extras

Figure 16: Maryland Triple XXX Whiskey bottle

the slogan, “Pull for Downham Whiskey,” [Figure 18]. The instrument also cited prices. The cheapest drink was Old King Corn at $2 a gallon. Mountain Corn was $2.50 and Crystal Maize, $3.50 a gallon. Old Mansion sold for $1 a quart or $11 for a case of 12. Downham promised to pay the freight on any order over $2.50. The whiskey business proved lucrative and Downham moved his family into a home at 411 Washington Street, the city’s most fashionable. It was a double house and he appears to have owned both sides [Figure 19]. His residence is the one with the white door. Civic Pipe Dreams and Prohibition Within time, E.E. Downham brought sons Robert and Henry into the business as he progressively became involved in other activities. In 1899, for example, he participated in a scheme to honor George Washington in Alexandria with a giant equestrian statue. The project required raising money around the entire United States. Citizens elsewhere apparently were not convinced of its need and the statue was never built. In 1907 Downham involved himself in another grandiose project. He became an officer in an organization that aimed to turn Alexandria’s Mount Vernon Avenue into “an Apian Way and a Westminster Abbey combined.” It called for the street to be sectioned by blocks representing each State in the Union. The States thus honored, in turn, would finance buildings on their blocks that would feature their agricultural and manufactured products as well as state heroes. Hugely dependent on outside funding, once again Downham and his Alexandria booster friends got nowhere. By 1915, E.E. Downham’s principal occupation was president of the German Co-Operative Building Association, a building and loan organization at 615 King Street. The Association boasted of its founding in 1868 and of being “thoroughly mutual and

Figure 17: Belle Haven Rye bottle.

Figure 18: Downham corkscrew.

Figure 19: The Downham home. cooperative in its workings.” In 1917, despite his German connections, he was chosen as one of three Alexandrians serving on the local draft board for World War I. Meanwhile, with E.E.’s financial backing, son Robert bought the Lee-Fendall mansion, the birthplace of Confederate General Lee,

Bottles and Extras which still stands as a major Alexandria tourist attraction. Robert and Henry Downham by now were were responsible for the daily operations of the liquor business. By 1915 they had moved the company to 1229 King Street. In 1918, Henry Downham died at age 50, leaving a grieving mother and father. In 1920 National Prohibition closed down E.E. Downham & Co. forever. Downham himself died a year later at his Washington Street home, age 82. His obituary in the local newspaper stated that his “long life of usefulness entitled him to the esteem and affection” of all Alexandria citizens. During Prohibition, with liquor banned, his son Robert turned to a new business as a clothier, hatter and haberdasher to the town. Robert’s enterprise does not appear to have succeeded and several years later he was recorded working as a clerk in another store. In 1936 the Lee-Fendall house was sold to John L. Lewis, the famous head of the United Mine Workers. In 1937 E.E.’s wife, Sarah, died of the complications of old age at 92, still living at the family’s Washington Street address. North and South United No evidence exists that Shawhan and

November-December 2007 Downham ever met, but their lives bear similarities. Both got their start during the tumult of the Civil War. Both found prosperity in the whiskey trade in the post-war period. Both became recognized and respected figures in their respective communities. Both businesses they built by dint of hard work and dedication were killed by National Prohibition. Finally, both whiskey men have left us with a legacy of collectable items to remember them and their remarkable stories. ******************************* Reference Notes: Material on George Shawhan was drawn principally from a family Internet site that contains informative articles by Ronald Shawhan and Robert Francis. The site also contains several of the illustrations that appear here. The shot glass photo is courtesy of Robin Preston of Information about E.E. Downham was gathered from a number of sources, using the Internet and the Alexandria,Virginia Public Library. The pictures of Downham and his Washington Street home are courtesy of the Library. The pictures of the Belle Haven Rye bottle and corkscrew are through the courtesy of Dr. Richard Lilienthal. Portions of this article previously have appeared in the Ohio Swirl and the Potomac Pontil.

The Dating Game: C.L. Flaccus Glass Co., by the Bottle Research Group Continued from page 40. 1907-1908 Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in all Lines: The Buyers Guide. Thomas Publishing Co., New York.

1917 Thomas Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines. 9th ed. Thomas Publishing Co., New York.

1909 Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines: A Classified Reference Book for Buyer and Sellers. Thomas Publishing, New York.

1918 Thomas Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines. 10th ed. Thomas Publishing Co., New York. 1920 Thomas Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines. Thomas Publishing Co., New York.

1912 Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines: A Classified Reference Book for Buyer and Sellers. Thomas Publishing, New York. 1914 Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines: A Classified Reference Book for Buyer and Sellers. Thomas Publishing, New York. 1915 Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines: A Classified Reference Book for Buyer and Sellers. Thomas Publishing, New York. 1916 Thomas’ Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines: A Classified Reference Book for Buyer and Sellers. Thomas Publishing, New York.

1921 Thomas Register of American Manufacturers and First Hands in All Lines. Thomas Publishing Co., New York. Toulouse, Julian Harrison 1969 Fruit Jars. Thomas Nelson & Sons, Camden, New Jersey. 1971 Bottle Makers and Their Marks. Thomas Nelson, New York. Welker, John and Elizabeth Welker 1985 Pressed Glass in America: Encyclopedia of the First Hundred Years, 1825-1925. Antique Acres Press, Ivyland, Pennsylvania. Footnotes: This did not include C.L. Flaccus, who most certainly made his own glassware.


65 Clap On...Clap Off? or The Dangers of Indiscretion By Joe Terry Continued from page 38.

Malydor. Evidence to suggest this includes the shear number of Evans Chemical Company bottles that can be found in dumps and privies. In general, they come in two styles, the earliest bearing the trade mark, and the latter having it removed. The trade mark was the selling point, in its simplicity and its reference. Newspaper ads could be found it a wider variety of newspapers, but like Malydor, they were restricted to the tiny side margins, often fighting for space with similar products. The Evans Chemical Company lost its incorporation status in 1930, and the author’s information doesn’t extend past that date. It is possible that it continued on, as many such remedies were still being marketed to an unsuspecting market. The FDA began weeding them out, and individual states began banning them altogether. The state of Maryland passed regulations outlawing venereal remedies in the thirties and forties, but it was penicillin and sulfa drugs that actually finished them off. Like all patent medicines, the trick was to convince the buyer of its worth. Had the public been better informed, nary a drop would have been sold. But ignorance was bliss, especially for the manufacturers. Venereal disease still remains active today, despite the effective treatments of modern science. It remains, like in the Victorian period, a social disease, and those who have it do not wish that fact to be known. In the past, it has killed many famous people; artists, thinkers and leaders. But while they have died, the products that preyed on them; or, at least their bottles, live on.


November-December 2007

Christmas Tree Ornaments By Gene Bradberry Continued from page 46. days. Of course, it was too late to get any more that year. Woolworth also never realized that these ornaments would account for such a large amount of the vast fortune that he would acquire over the next few years. By 1890, Woolworth had grown to thirteen stores, was having tremendous success with these little glass ornaments and decided to go to Germany himself. He arrived in the little German village of Lauscha in February, and in the next few days, bought 200,000 ornaments. This was a far cry from the original batch bought for $25 just one year before. During the 1840s, Lauscha was the birthplace of virtually all blown glass Christmas ornaments. The ornament maker’s home was his factory and he worked in an attached workshop, where he sat all day over a flame, melting glass and blowing ornaments of all shapes. After the ornaments were blown, they were slivered on the inside by a solution that usually was a combination of silver nitrate, quicklime and milk sugar. This tedious task was usually performed by the wife and consisted of filling each ornament one fourth full of the solution, then shaking it. To get it to spread evenly inside, it would be dipped in hot water several times, then she would hold five or six in one hand at a time by their long six-inch stems, or “pikes,” to speed up production. After the inside coating was completed, she would pour the excess solution into a basin where the silver would be chemically separated and used again. The piles were then slipped over nails protruding from long boards and allowed to dry while hanging from rafters above the store. When they were dry, they were dipped into various colored lacquers. After dipping, the ornaments were returned to their nails so hat the excess lacquer would run down the pile without spoiling the even finish on the ornament. Often, working 8 to 15 hours a day, a family could produce as many as 300 to 500 ornaments a day. The first written record of Christmas tree ornaments being produced does not appear until 1848, when “six dozen Christmas ornaments in three sizes” were recorded in a Lauscha glassblowers book. Molds were developed there in 1890 that

enabled them to produce many varied shapes of ornaments. Among these shapes were apples, pears, oranges, corn, beets, potatoes, pickles, dogs, cats, monkeys, bears, clowns, storybook characters, Christian symbols, including the Christ child, houses, churches, and of course, Santa. A conservative estimate of 5,000 has been made to the number of different types of ornaments made there. After a brief lapse of importation during World War I, by 1930, Woolworth, Kresge, Kress and America’s largest importer, Max Eckhardt, had warehouses in Sonnenberg that was a much larger town near Lauscha. Imports to America were in the millions. The glassblowers of Lauscha had their lives completely changed by the war in 1939. After the end of World War II, Lauscha found itself ten miles inside the border of East Germany and thus the valuable American market was lost.

Bottles and Extras A brief attempt was made to revive the industry in West Germany after the war, but it never really quite made it. Between 1950 and the early 1960s, about 20 percent of American ornaments were again imported from West Germany, but this was short lived due to the economics of the glassblowing by hand and the lack of artisans available. There was, however, a ten year period of black market ornaments from Lauscha, but again this was short lived for numerous reasons. In 1938, Corning Glass began experimenting with ornament molds, and by 1939, could machine produce in a single minute more than a glassblower could make in a day. Eckhardt, who was instrumental in initiating this venture, formed his own company called “Shiny Brite” and bought ornaments from Corning and silvered and decorated them himself. However, by 1944, no silver could be had, and hence, “Clear Painted” ornaments came into being. Following the war, Shiny Brite became the largest ornament company in the world. In the late 1960s, Corning returned to not only making glass ornaments, but also decorating them while continuing to supply “blanks” to Shiny Brite and other finishers. In one way or another, Corning still produces most of the glass ornaments made in America today. There is so much detail about the development of glass ornaments that is just fascinating. It almost seems an injustice to not devote more space to this article. I hope that I have whetted your appetite and aroused your curiosity to further read up on this aspect of our glassmaking ancestry. Some sources for further reading are: The Christmas Tree, Daniel Foley, Chilton, Ohio, 1960. The Glass Christmas Ornament: Old & New, Maggie Rogers & Judith Hawkins, Timber Press, 1971. The Christmas Tree Book, Phillip Snyder, The Viking Press, 1976.

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November-December 2007


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Classified Ads FOR SALE FOR SALE: Hutches. 1) J.A. Wallis / Bangor / ME in a slug, 6 3/4”, aqua, perfect, $35. 2) Los Angeles / Trade / Star / Mark / Soda Works, 6 1/2”, deep aqua, star on base, perfect, nice, $60. 3) Winchester Bottling / Works / W.S. / Winchester, MD., clear, 7 1/2”, perfect, $33. 4) David Demay / Bottler / Indianapolis / Indiana, 6 3/4”, aqua, perfect, $30. Postage & Ins. extra. Contact: BOTTLE BILL HERBOLSHEIMER, 6 Beech Cluster, Doylestown, PA 18901-2134, Ph: (215) 3407156; E-mail: FOR SALE: Mini jugs: 1) Debossed Continental Handmade Sour Mash Whiskey, blue, all brown, 2 1/2”, $70. 2) Blue embossed acorn Old Continental Whiskey, brown top, bot. white, 2 5/8”, $50. 3) Blue embossed Green Mill Whiskey, S.M. Denison, Chillicothe, Ohio, brown top, white bottom, 3 1/2”, $70. 4) Blue embossed Dr. G.W. Denig, some haze, aqua, 6 1/2”, graphite pontil, $75. 5) Cone ink - BIMAL, 2 3/8”, crystal, embossed, B. Firmin & Sons Ink, Pittsburgh, $50. 6) Turtle ink, 17/8”,”, aqua, BIMAL, bottom A&E, $50. 7) Ten-sided ink, aqua, BIMAL, (in circle) J.D. Park & Sons, Cincinnati, Ohio, BIMAL, $70. 8) Embossed jug, ED Hettinger’s Liquor Store, Lancaster, Ohio (blue embossed) top brown, bot. white, 3 1 /2”, $70. Contact: BOB BLACK, 1741 Glenmar Dr., Lancaster, OH 43130. FOR SALE: Tooled crown top L. Rosenfeld Co., Council Bluffs, Iowa, $45. Deco soda, Silver State, Reno, embossed miner and pack pule, $60. Fancy Deco soda, crown top, Tahoe, Famous as the Lake, Carson City, Nev. $40. Pint, tooled, blob, med. amber, Reno Brewing Co., Reno, Nv., $60. Tooled, med. amber whiskey, Shea Bocqueraz Co., San Francisco, Cal., mint, $25. Pharmacy, clear, square, tooled, J. Jones Jr., Gold Hill, Nev., two variants, $60 each. Dr. J.B.B. LeFevre, Druggist, Virginia City, Nv., repaired, lip chip, $70. Variants of A.M. Cole, Virginia, Nev., $65 each. C.C. Thaxter, Druggist, Carson, mortar and pestle, $25. Southern Pacific Co., Hospital Department, tooled, clear med., $25. Pint-sized clear fruit jar with bail and lid, Quong Hop & Co., 12oz. net with the same in Chinese writing, $35. Dr. Ordway’s Celebrated pain destroyer, label only, O.P., $80. Contact: JEAN M. POULIOT, Box 205, West Glacier, MT 59936, Ph: (406) 888-9092.

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WANTED Wanted: Embossed (not etched) advertising medicine DOSE (shot) glasses that advertise drug stores or pharmacies. My goal is to collect one from each U.S. state, but I am not even halfway there. Please contact: TRACY GERKEN, 1131 Kings Cross, Brunswick, GA 31525; Ph: (912) 269-2074 or E-mail: Wanted: Embossed South Carolina bottles, especially crown top slug plate soda bottles. Contact: ERIC WARREN, 238 Farmdale Dr., Lexington, SC 29073; Ph: (803) 9518860; E-mail: Any South Carolina bottle questions, drop me a line. Wanted: Tampa alligator Hutch. Highest price paid for FLA BREWING CO, TAMPA, FLA with embossed alligator. Must be Hutch finish, not Baltimore loop. Contact: R.J. BROWN, 4119 Crosswater Dr., Tampa, FL 33615, Ph: (813) 888-7007 or E-mail: Wanted: Cameron County, Emporium, Pa. milk bottles; Austin, Pa. blob top beer and

milk bottles; Keating Summit, Pa. milk bottles. Also any Ridgway, Pa. bottles considered. D.S. McDonald, Emporim, Pa. blob beer or Hutch. Contact: CHARLES TESAURO, P.O. Box 208, Emporium, PA 15834, Ph: (814) 486-1422 or E-mail: Wanted: Holbrook Bottles! Expecially unusual shapes. Contact: CLAIR CUNNINGHAM, 8815 Whiteport Ln., San Diego, CA 92119. E-mail: Wanted: Blob top beers from any state. Embossing must contain the word beer, brewing or be from a known brewery. Best prices paid for mint examples with closures. Contact: DAVID TINGEN, 9412 Greenfield Dr., Raleigh, NC 27615, Ph: (919) 848-4387 or E-mail: Wanted: Bottles from Chattanooga & Dayton, Tenn. Contact: SAM JEWELL, 2342 Double S. Rd., Dayton, TN 37321; Ph: (423) 775-4236.

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November-December 2007



Wanted: Glass industry emphemera, especially bottle-blowing machine pictures, patents, catalogs and price lists. Pictures of bottle blowing machines, especially those by Owens, Lynch, Miller and O’Neill, and Hartford-Empire. I am also interested in pamphlets and catalogs from these companies. I am interested in talking to others about machine-made bottles. Contact: GEORGE L. MILLER, 8 Eighth Ave., Roebling, NJ 08554; Ph: (609) 499-4148 or E-mail: Wanted: Hemingray Glass Co. historical documentation for items including bottles, fruit jars, flasks, glass oil cans, tobacco jars, oil lamps, refrigerator bottles, tableware, battery jars, insulators, etc. All calls and E-mails promptly returned. Contact: BOB STAHR, Ph: (630) 231-4171 or E-mail: Wanted: FOR BOOK: 1858 & 1862 Hostetter & Smith Bitters Co. Almanacs. Contact: DOUG SHILSON, 3308-32 Ave. South, Minneapolis, MN 55406-2015; E-mail: Wanted: American Carbonator & Bottler, National Bottler Gazette or similar (soda-related) magazines to use for reference material. Have copies of these magazines but don’t want to sell them? Will also pay expenses for good copies (scanned images or hardcopies) of pages from your issue(s). Also wanted: Older reference books related to soda bottles, their companies and history to add to the PSBCA library. Contact: KATHY HOPSON-SATHE, 341 Yellowstone Dr., Fletcher, NC 28732; Ph: (423) 737-6710 or E-mail:

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Wayne Lowry 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 E-mail: 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 Website: 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 (816) 318-0161 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123


FAX: (816) 318-0162


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

FOHBC SHO-BIZ FOHBC Sho-Biz is published in the interest of the hobby. Federation affiliated clubs are noted. Information on up-coming collecting events is welcome, but space is limited. Please send at least four months in advance, including telephone number, to: FOHBC Sho-Biz, c/o Kathy Hopson-Sathe, 341 Yellowstone Dr., Fletcher, NC 28732, or E-mail: Show schedules are subject to change. Please call ahead before traveling long distances. All listings published here will also be published on the web site at

NOVEMBER 3-4 - SPRINGFIELD, OHIO The 37th Mid-Ohio (aka "Springfield") Insulator Show (Sat. 8 AM - 4 PM, Sun. 9 AM - 3 PM, Adm. $1; Set-up, Fri. 3 PM) at Clark County Fairgrounds (Arts & Crafts Bldg., use 4401 South Charleston Pike for MapQuest purposes), Springfield, Ohio. Buying, selling, trading, story telling - all part of the "Springfield Experience." Glass making demonstrations (miniature CD 133.4) by Wilkerson Glass Co. Breakfast & lunch, plus snacks, on site. Saturday evening dinner at the Holiday Inn (Exit 54 off I-70) about 6 PM. INFO: STEVE or LOIS BLAIR, PH: (740) 852-3148 or GLENN DRUMMOND, PH: (334) 257-3100, E-mail: for dealer and display table reservations. NOVEMBER 4 - ELKTON, MARYLAND Tri-State Bottle Collectors and Diggers Club, 35th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 3 PM) at the Singerly Fire Hall, Routes 279 & 213, Elkton, Maryland. INFO: DAVE BROWN, PH: (302) 738-9960. NOVEMBER 11 - PITTSBURGH, PA. The Pittsburgh Antique Bottle Club's Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 2 PM, Early Buyers 7 AM) at The Ice Garden, Rostraver Twp (Exit 46B off I-70 to Rt. 51 North, 4.1 miles), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. INFO: BOB DeCROO, PH: (714) 326-8741 or JAY HAWKINS, PH: (724) 872-6013, E-mail: NOVEMBER 11 - OAKLAND, NJ North Jersey Antique Bottle Collectors Assn. 38th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM to 2 PM, Early Buyers 8 AM $15.00) NEW LOCATION: 33 Ramapo Valley Rd., Route 202, Oakland, New Jersey. INFO: KEN (973) 907-7351 or JIM (516) 454-8993. NOVEMBER 16 - CHEHALIS, WASH. The Washington Bottle Collectors Association (WBCA) Show & Sale (Sat. 9 AM - 3:30 PM; Fri. Early Bird, 1 - 7 PM) Chehalis, Washington. INFO: PETE HENDRICKS, PH: (253) 335-1732; or WARREN LHOTKA, PH: (206) 329-8412, Email:

NOVEMBER 17 - TERRE HAUTE, IND. The Wabash Valley Antique Bottle & Pottery Club's 10th Annual Show & Sale (9:00 AM 2:00 PM, Early Buyers 7 AM) at the Shadow Auction Barn, 1517 Maple Ave., Terre Haute, Indiana. INFO: NED PENNINGTON, 367 So. 22nd. St., Terre Haute, IN. 47803 PH: (812) 234-2214, E-mail: NOVEMBER 18 - GREENSBORO, N.C. Southeast Bottle Club 6th Annual Antique Bottle & Collectibles Show & Sale (Sun. 9 AM - 3 PM, Adm. $1; Dealer Set-Up 6 - 9 AM; Early Buyers 7:30 AM) at the Greensboro Farmer's Curb Market, 501 Yanceyville St., Greensboro, North Carolina. Free appraisals. INFO: REGGIE LYNCH, PH: (704) 221-6489, greensboro. NOVEMBER 18 - ALTON, ENGLAND Alton Bottle Collectors Club Annual Show & Sale (10:30 AM - 2:30 PM, Early Buyers 9:30 AM) at the Community Center, Alton, Hants, England. INFO: MICK WELLS, 16 Moreland Close, Alton, Hants, England GU34 2SA, Direct Dial: 001 44 1420-88773. NOVEMBER 25 - BETHLEHEM, PA . The Forks of the Delaware Bottle Collectors Assoc. 34th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 3 PM, Early Buyers 7:30 AM) at the Bethlehem Catholic High School, Madison & Dewberry Avenues, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. INFO: BILL HEGEDUS, 20 Cambridge Place, Catasauqua, PA 18032, PH: (610) 264-5945.H. DECEMBER 1 - AUBURN, CALIFORNIA 49er Historical Bottle Association's 30th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 3 PM, Early Buyers, Fri.. 2 - 8 PM) at the Placer County Fairgounds, Auburn, California. INFO: STEVE ABBOTT, PH: (916) 631-8019, E-mail: DECEMBER 8 - ALLENTOWN, PA . The Great Lehigh Valley Antique Toy & Collectible Show (Sat. 10 AM - 4 PM; Fri. Set-up, Early Adm. 7 AM - 9:30 AM, Adm. $5) at the Valley Rail Promotions, Merchants Square Mall, 1901 S. 12th St., Allentown,

Pennsylvania. Over 10,000 square feet of vintage & collectible items for show and sale. INFO: KEVIN REDCAY, P.O. Box 64, Coplay, PA 18037, PH: (610) 440-0487 or Email: Website: JANUARY 13 - S. ATTLEBORO, MASS. The Little Rhody Bottle Club Annual Show & Sale (10 AM - 2 PM, Early Buyers 9 AM) at the K. of C. Hall, 304 Highland Ave., S. Attleoro, Massachusetts. INFO: ARTHUR PAWLOWSKI, PH: (401) 647-3585. JANUARY 14 - MUNCIE, INDIANA Midwest Antique Fruit Jar & Bottle Club Winter Show & Sale (9 AM - 2 PM) at the Horizon Convention Center, Muncie, Indiana, INFO: DAVE RITTENHOUSE, 1008 S. CR. 900 W., Farmland, IN 47340, PH: (765) 468-8091, E-mail: JANUARY 18-20 - ST. PETERSBURG, FLA. The Suncoast Antique Bottle Collector's Association. Inc. 39th Annual Show & Sale (Fri. Set-up & Early Buyer; Gen. show times: Sat. 9 AM - 5 PM, Sun. 9 AM - 3 PM) at the National Guard Armory, 3601 38th Ave. S., St. Petersburg, Florida. Contracts will be sent out in October. INFO: GEORGE DUEBEN, P. O. Box 4141, St. Petersburg, Fl. 33775 or PH: (727) 393-8189. JANUARY 26 ANDERSON, CALIFORNIA The Superior California Antique Bottle Club's 32nd Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 4 PM) at the Shasta County Fairgrounds, Anderson, California. INFO: MEL HAMMER, PH: (530) 241-4878 or PHIL MCDONALD, PH: (530) 243-6905. FEBRUARY 2 - ROME, GEORGIA The Rome Bottle & Collectables Club 37th. Annual Show & Sale (8 AM - 3 PM) at the Rome Civic Center, Turner McCall Blvd. ,Rome Georgia. INFO: JERRY MITCHELL, P.O. Box 475 Bremen, GA 30110, E-mail:, PH: (770) 537-3725 or BOB JENKINS, 285 Oak Grove Rd. Carrollton, GA 30117, PH: (770) 834-0736.

Bottles and Extras

November-December 2007

FEBRUARY 3 - SOUTH RIVER, N.J. The New Jersey Antique Bottle Club's (NJABC) 12th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM -l 2 PM) at the Knights of Columbus Hall, 88 Jackson St., South River, New Jersey. INFO: NJABC, 24 Charles St., South River, NJ 08882-1603 or call JOE BUTEWICZ, PH: (732)-236-9945 or E-mail: FEBRUARY 15-16 - COLUMBIA, S.C. The South Carolina Antique Bottle Club's 35th Annual Show & Sale, including small antiques & collectibles (Fri. 12 - 6 PM; Sat. 9 AM - 1 PM, Adm. Donation to the Boy's & Girl's Club req.) at the Meadow Lake Park Center, 600 Beckman Rd., Columbia, South Carolina. 150 Dealer tables available. INFO: MARTY VOLLMER, PH: (803) 755-9410, E-mail: or ERIC WARREN, PH: (803) 951-8860, E-mail: FEBRUARY 16 - HENDERSON, NEVADA Las Vegas Antique Bottle & Collectibles Club 43rd Annual Show & Sale, (Sat. 9 AM - 4 PM, Early Buyers Fri. 11 AM - 5 PM) at the Henderson Convention Center, 200 Water Street, Henderson, Nevada. INFO: BARBARA PIERCE, 912 Smith Street, Las Vegas, NV. 89108, PH: (702) 646-1410, E-mail: FEBRUARY 16 - SARASOTA, FLORIDA The Sarasota-Manatee Antique Bottle Collectors Association's 22nd Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 4 PM, Early Buyers Fri. 5 PM) at the Sarasota County Fairgrounds, 2890 Ringling Blvd., Sarasota, Florida. INFO: PERRY HOUSTON, PO Box 19675, Sarasota, FL 34276, PH: (941) 925-1020. FEBRUARY 24 - ENFIELD, CONNECTICUT Somers Antique Bottle Club's 38th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 2 PM, Early Buyers 8 AM) at the St. Bernard's School West Campus, 232 Pearl Street, Exit 47W, 191, Enfield, Connecticut. INFO: ROSE SOKOL, 164 Elm Street, Enfield, CT 06082, PH: (860) 745-7688. FEBRUARY 23 - GRANDVILLE, MICHIGAN The West Michigan Antique Bottle & Glass Club 17th Show & Sale (Sat. 10 AM - 3 PM, Adm. $2; Set-up, 8 - 10 AM) at the Fonger American Legion Post, 2327 Wilson SW, Grandville, Michigan. INFO: ELMER OGG, Show Chairman, 1591 Hendrick, Muskegon, MI 49441, PH: (231) 798-7335, E-mail: or STEVE DEBOODE, Co-Chairman, 1166 Corvette, Jenison, MI 49428, PH: (616) 667-0214, E-mail: MARCH 2 - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND The Baltimore Antique Bottle Club's 28th Annual Show & Sale (8 AM - 3 PM) at the Physical Education Center, CCBS-Essex, 7201 Rossvile Blvd, Essex, Maryland. INFO: BOB FORD, PH: (410) 5319459, E-mail: MARCH 8 - ST. JOSEPH, MISSOURI Missouri Valley Insulator Club 6th Annual Insulator & Bottle Show & Sale at the American Legion Hall, St. Joseph, Missouri. INFO: DENNIS WEBER, 3609 Jackson St., St. Joseph, MO 64507, PH: (816) 364-1312, E-mail: MARCH 8 - BADIN, NORTH CAROLINA The Uwharrie Bottle Club's 1st Annual Antique Bottle & Collectibles Show & Sale (Sat. 8 AM - 3 PM, Adm. Free; Set-up, 6 - 8 AM) at the


Badin Fire Department, Badin, North Carolina. Tables (8 ft.) $20. INFO: TODD MCSWAIN, PH: (704) 474-0552, E-mail: MARCH 14-15 - MORRO BAY, CALIFORNIA The San Luis Obispo Bottle Society's 40th Annual Show & Sale (Fri. 3 PM - 7 PM; Sat. 9 AM - 3 PM) at the Morro Bay Veterans Hall, 209 Surf St., Morro Bay, California. INFO: RICHARD TARTAGLIA, PH: (805) 543-7484. MARCH 15 - DELAND, FLORIDA The Deland M-T Bottle Collectors Association's 38th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 3 PM) at the Volusia County Fairgrounds (1/4 mile east of I-4 on S.R. 44, Exit 118), Deland, Florida. INFO: M. PALLASCH, 7 Monroe Ave., DeBary, FL 32713, PH: (386) 668-4538. MARCH 16 - ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI St. Louis Antique Bottle Collectors Assoc. 38th. Annual Bottle & Jar Show & Sale (9 AM - 2 PM) at the Two Hearts Banquet Center, 4532 South Lindergh at Gravois, St. Louis, Missouri. INFO: RON STERZIK, 2080 Sterzik Dr., Arnold, MO 63028, PH: (636) 296-3112, or GEORGE CASNAR, 4455 Helterbarnd Rd, Festus, MO 63028, PH: (636) 337-2326. MARCH 29 - DAPHNE, ALABAMA The Mobile, Alabama Bottle Club's 35th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 3 PM) at the Alabama Civic Center, Whispering Pines Rd and U.S. Hwy. 98, Daphne, Alabama. INFO: JIM SIMMONS, 8851 Four Mile Rd., Irvington, AL 36522, PH: (251) 824-2697 or ROD VINING, 8844 Lee Circle, Irvington, AL 36544, PH: (251) 957-6725, E-mail: MARCH 29 - CHANUTE, KANSAS S.E. Kansas Bottle & Relic Club's 34th Annual Show & Sale (8 AM - 4 PM) at the V.F.W. Building, 1654 West Main, Chnute, Kansas. INFO: DICK SEVART, 1016 S. Rutter, Chanute, KS. 66720, PH: (620) 431-7509. MAY 4 - WHITESBORO, NEW YORK The Mohawk Valley Antique Bottle Club's 14th Annual Show & Sale (9 AM - 2:30 PM) at the Utica Curling Club, 8300 Clark Mills Road, Whitesboro, New York. INFO: PETER BLEIBERG, 7 White Pine Road, New Hartford, NY 13413, PH: (315) 735-5430, E-mail: MAY 12 - CHEHALIS, WASHINGTON The Washington Bottle Collector's Association Spring Show (9 AM - 4 PM) at the Southwest Washington Fairgrounds, Chehalis, Washington. INFO: WARREN, PH: (206) 329-8412, E-mail: or ROBIN, PH: (206) 522-2135 or Send your show information to: Show Biz 341 Yellowstone Dr. Fletcher, NC 28732 or use the online form at:


November-December 2007

Bottles and Extras

08 20

35th ANNUAL SOUTH CAROLINA BOTTLE CLUB SHOW AND SALE No Early Admission Fee Columbia, South Carolina Friday, February 15th - 12 Noon to 6 PM Saturday, February 16th - 9 AM to 2 PM Always a Sell Out !

150+ Tables

The Little Rhody Bottle Cub presents its

Annual Show & Sale Miidwest Antique Fruit Jar And Bottle Club

ATTLEBORO, MASSACHUSETTS JANUARY 13, 2008 Sunday, 10 AM - 2 PM K. of C. Hall 304 Highland Ave. S. Attleboro, Mass. $3 per person donation at the door Early Entry - 9 AM - $15 at the door Information: ARTHUR PAWLOWSKI, PH: (401) 647-3585.

WANTED Costa Rica and Republic of Panama Hutchinsons

BUY or TRADE Highest Prices Paid < H.A. Ralu, Colon, R.P. Guillermo Jegel, Cartago, Costa Rico >

R.J. Brown 4119 Crosswater Drive Tampa, FL 33615


EXPO 2008 AUGUST 8-10, 2008 YORK, PENNSYLVANIA York Fairgrounds York, Pennsylvania SHOW TIMES: Saturday 9 AM - 5 PM Sunday 9 AM - 3 PM 600-800 tables capacity for the largest EXPO ever! Plan to be there - donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t miss it!

INFORMATION: R. Wayne Lowry 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083 (816) 318-0161 -

Schedule of Events: Thurs., Aug. 7: FOHBC Meetings Fri., Aug. 8: Seminars & Specialty Meetings in AM Dealers put items under table Set-up & Early Adm. 1 - 5 PM Banquet 6:30 PM Sat., Aug. 9: Set-Up & Early Adm. 7 - 9 AM Gen. Adm. 9 AM - 5 PM Sun., Aug. 10: Gen. Adm. 9 AM - 3 PM

FOHBC c/o June Lowry 401 Johnston Court Raymore, MO 64083

Bottles andExtras

Collinsville National Show Page 22 Periodicals

US POSTAGE PAID Kansas City, MO 64108

06 novdec2007r  

Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors (FOHBC) November December 2007 Issue of Bottles and Extras

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