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LONDON+BERLIN STUDY ABROAD SUMMER 2014 FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY Department of Architecture Chair: Jason Chandler


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Thank You

To all who were involved in the study abroad programs, and who made this experience available to all students.


Summer 2014 DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

Dept. Chair Jason Chandler

courses ARC 5340_5077_6356_ Design Studio: Architecture, Technology and the City ARC 5935_ Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space ARC 5933_ Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphics

instructors London_Berlin Claudia Busch Eric Peterson Jaime Canaves Marilys Nepomechie

Editor & Faculty Advisor Marilys Nepomechie

Graphic Layout Elisa Leal Richard Gomez

LONDON ON -BERLIN ERLIN


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Contents

Architecture, Technology and the City Studio

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space

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Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphics

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london

berlin

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students

adan quesada

elisa leal

alexa-marie monfort

erika olson

antuhan gonzalez

jorge fabregat

brad alvarez

luis marenco

chris akins

naaly pierre

crismary pascarella

renzo kcano

daniel rodriguez

richard gomez

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travel itinerary

May 10

May 17

Depart to London

London Free day

May 11

May 18

Check-in to the hotel Regent Street to Hyde Park Serpentine Gallery Buckingham Palace Big Ben Wesminster Abbey Thames River

Fly to Berlin Check-in to the hotel Reichstag Bundestag _ Brandenburger Tor

May 12 NLA Roman Wall London Bridge Tower of London Tower Bridge Museum St. Paul’s Cathedral

May 13 Architectural Association British Museum Soane Museum Millenium Bridge Tate Modern Docklands Museum Design Museum

May 14 Thames Barrier The O2 Kings Cross_St. Pancras

May 15 Zaha Hadid Gallery + Office City Hall The Shard Swiss Re (Gherkin) RTKL London

May 19 Museum Insel Altes _ Neues _ Pergamon Berlin Dom

May 20 Philarmonic Concert Hall State Library New National Gallery Jewish Museum Memorial to the Murdered Jews Sony Center

May 21 Potdsdamer Platz Berliner Mauer (Wall) Friedrich Strasse Dutch Embassy

May 22 Checkpoint Charlie IBA selection from Kreuzberg Topography of Terror

May 23 Berlin Free day

May 24 Return to USA

May 16 2012 Olympic Grounds Canary Wharf

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Using London and Berlin as the sites of our investigations and as our classrooms, we will visit a broad array of exemplary projects that have set new standards for design practice - in architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, industrial and graphic design - not only in Europe, but also around the globe. The studio will undertake two short, but related projects, one situated in London, the other in Berlin. Each will address a range of emerging technologies, emerging environmental and social infrastructures, and the roles played by each of these elements in the creation of architecture and urban space. Site documentation and analysis will take place during our visit to each city – and will be articulated through work in the two accompanying seminars. Program for each of the studio projects will focus on the transformative power of infrastructure and on the powerful object and metaphor of the bridge. Each project will respond to the broader themes of the study abroad investigations, while emerging from our specific discoveries and discussions in each city.

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

Our activities abroad will support research on urbanism, climate resilience and sustainability [environmental, social, economic]. The studio will engage students through in-depth case studies of built projects; through the art and technology of film and videography; through emerging models of analysis and visualization, and through the design of infrastructure and public space.

Faculty_Claudia Busch | Marilys Nepomechie 21


Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

FRACTURING BERLIN CONNECTION Adan Quesada

A bridge is a reconciliation or link between two entities. First, I utilized diagrams to investigate the site. I began by projecting building edges across and along the spree river. Different layers of the city fabric such as pedestrian, vehicular, train and bicycle became apparent. Also, the Berlin wall as a boundary, physical and imaginary object is evident. I understood the Berlin wall as a fracture in the city that is perpetually healing. Strategically, I began to pick extensions to project 3-dimensional map and derive links across the spree river. Additionally, I used imaginary boundaries such as the Oberbaum bridge tower to project onto the linkage. To begin the healing of the fracture, I created a piece that rotates and grips an edge of west or east. the bridge never fully links both side simultaneously and emphasizes the experience of a fractured link that was once imposed by the Berlin wall.

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

SHIFTING LINK Adan Quesada

London is a city with rich history. It’ has been a settlement for over 2,000 years, beginning with the roman settlement of Londinium. In order to analysis the city I began by comparing two maps: both Victorian Britain and modern Britain. The underground rail was used to cross the Thames underground, and it was utilized for a few years until tower bridge was erected. The new bridge references the shift of the water edge and the historical underground rail. I overlapped the Victorian city grid over the Thames river. i used the underground rail to dictate were my bridge started and ended. to accommodate passing vessels, the bridge retracts into a fixed portion. this allows for a low profile bridge that does not compete with the beauty of the city such as the historical tower hill and tower bridge.

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LONDON


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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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APPROACHING BERLIN THE WALL Jorge Fabregat


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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

NAKED LONDON STRUCTURES Jorge Fabregat

London’s Southbank is the new image of modern London. It is the result of a new re-development called “Bringing people back to the Thames” that started in 1970. Prior to this, the area was characterized by old warehouses, wharfs and with the magnificent sculptural shape of the old ship cranes from the times of the industrial revolution. These old ship cranes were the image of the Thames for a long time, like old soldiers guarding the river. Having this in mind, the proposed bridge connecting the north and south banks is a great opportunity also to connect the old and the new identity of the Thames. The project proposed the location of a tower inspired by the sculptural shape of the cranes on top of Tower Pier that will provide spaces for social events while providing the opportunity to enjoy the city from the River Thames.

Tow wer e off LLo ondo ondo do d on

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public realm

realm layout 28


Tower of London St. Katharine Dock

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

ENGEL BRIDGE Elisa Leal

The bridge project is based on the movie “Wings of Desire”, a 1987 German film, shot before the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The film is about the role of angels who inhabit Berlin in the 1980’s, when the city is densely populated, but people are isolated and separated from their loved ones. The function of these angels in the world is to witness, testify, assemble and preserve. In the film, one of the angels falls in love with a lonely human trapeze artist, and he desires to become a human. He renounces immortality and becomes a participant in the world. The part of the movie that narrates the character’s life as an angel is in black and white, while the part that narrates his life as a human is in color. Each section of the Engel Bridge responds to a significant part of the movie. The entrance of the bridge, at the neighborhood transit station, is above street level. This is intended to represent immortality, infinity, and testimony (in the film, angels typically stood on high places to observe the city). The higher part of the bridge is intended to relate to the angel’s desire to become human --and to the feeling of seeing everything but not participating in it. The bridge then enters the river, and descends underwater while simultaneously descending in time (through life, feeling, taste, pain, death). The final destination is the East Side Gallery Memorial located underneath the plaza (final destination, love, history, memory).

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BERLIN


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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

QUEEN’S LONDON WALK BRIDGE Elisa Leal

Designed to span the River Thames between the Tower of London and City Hall, the Queen’s Walk Bridge creates an iconic pedestrian path with impressive views across the river.The Queen’s Walk Pedestrian Bridge is intended to provide fast and easy access between The Tower of London and City Hall for Londoners and tourists alike.To minimize the potential disruption of maritime traffic along the Upper Pool of the Thames, a moveable bridge was created with a retractable mechanism allowing for the passage of ships. The bridge has a fixed deck on each bank and a deck that slides to open a gap of 200 feet for crossing traffic.

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

DYNAMIC INFUSION Richard Gomez

Dynamic Infusion is a bridge whose design is based on the study of movement at the pedestrian, vehicular, spatial, and programmatic levels. The west side of the Spree River, in the former West Berlin, is a dynamic urban hub. Its buildings create program around a core of “vital� space, translated into countless types of courtyards that promote social and commercial activity while providing semi-public urban space. On the East side of the Spree River, the city fabric lacks clear organization; a highway, immediately adjacent to the remaining segments of the Berlin Wall, compromise pedestrian accessibility. Future residential development is planned for the empty lots adjacent to the project site, so the possibility of linking the dynamic urban fabric of West Berlin to the new developments that will happen in the East emerges as an important goal. An infusion is the process of extracting chemical compounds from plant material in a solvent such as water. This project aspires to express the process of extracting and reframing the vital qualities of West Berlin, in order to create an exciting programmatic connection to East Berlin that celebrates the Spree River and the unified city.

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BERLIN


URBA UR U BA AN FAB AB PROJECTEED VEHI VE VEHI HIICU CULA CU C ULLA AR PATTH H BO OU U UN N PEER P ER RP PEN END DIIC BOUNDAR R 35 5


Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

SUPERIMPOSED Richard Gomez

Connecting the 14th century Tower of London and the 21st century London City Hall, Superimposed is a bridge designed to span the River Thames in a manner that addresses time as well as space. The character of London as a city of aggregate strata inspires the form of the bridge. Layers and layers of different urban typologies can be seen in every corner of London. Not only are the individual building types discernable, but also the time in which they were designed and built. The older and newer structures create a rich palimpsest, in which new buildings are built atop older ones, while still retaining the memory and character of both old and new. At the Upper Pool of the Thames, our assigned point of crossing, the Thames is a working river needing to accommodate the passage of tall vessels. Eschewing the possibility of a bascule bridge, this project proposes a tall structure that echoes the way in which the city celebrates the movement of people in and out of the underground system. Gigantic glass structures are present in many tube connections. Therefore I decided to incorporate that language in my bridge.

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LONDON


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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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PULSE BRIDGE Alexa-Marie Monfort

BERLIN


LONDON

MOVING FORWARD

Alexa-Marie Monfort

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

HAMSTRING BRIDGE Crismary Pascarella

The city of Berlin is an historical riddle. Moreover, it is impregnated with a powerful sense of memory. The project site is located on the banks of the river spree, where a part of the Berlin wall still stands. The project brief called for the design of a new pedestrian bridge [re] connecting neighborhoods of the former east and the former west. By seeking to understand past conditions, current conditions and even the hidden conditions found deep in Berliners’ memories of place, the Hamstring Bridge seeks to uncover latent gestures buried within the site. Conditions found on the two river banks are significantly different, due to the circumstances created by the nearly three decade presence of the Wall. Artifact of a past political reality, the wall itself has been almost entirely erased as Berliners look toward the future. Hamstring Bridge aspires to add to the many new connections being forged between east and west.

LONGITUDINAL SECTION SCALE: 1/16”” = 1’ - 0”

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BERLIN OUTDOOR CAFES RESTAURANTS

BARS

RIVER BOAT STOP GATHERING AREAS

RECREATIONAL AREAS

RELAXING AREAS

GATHERING AREAS

RECREATIONAL AREAS RELAXING AREAS

RECREATIONAL AREAS - SWIMING ICE CREAM KIOSK

GATHERING AREAS

DERIVED DERI DER IV IIVED VED VE V EED D ABSTRACT ABST ABS STR SST R RACT GEOMETR GEOMETRIES GEO GE EOMETR EEO METRIES METR RIE IES EES


BINARY BRIDGE

LONDON

Crismary Pascarella

ERUTCURTS LACIRTEMMYS m3.01

m3.01

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ERUTCURTS DELPUOC

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

binary Bridge is a cable-stayed cantilever bridge with a span of 392 feet crossing the river Thames. Its single support, at 92 feet from the south bank of the river, can be turned through 90 degrees to facilitate marine traffic. Its structural rigidity and balance determine the shape of the bridge. However, the shape of its pylon to which the cables-stays are connected to transfer its loads to its foundation, was derived by the soft curvatures and materiality found in London city hall and the scoop. The swing bridge rotates horizontally about a vertical axis. The minimum power to rotate and balance the bridge depends on the mass distribution. The main support sits on a large pile cap in the river; it has an outer diameter of 30 feet at the top and 18 feet at the bottom, and supports the entire bridge when the bridge is turning. As the bridge prepares to open, a banner, embedded within the pattern of the floor, lights up and lifts to create a barrier to inform pedestrians that the bridge is about to open.

SRIAP GNIMROFREP

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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SOCIAL BERLIN REGENERATION Daniel Rodriguez


LONDON

PURITY BRIDGE

Daniel Rodriguez

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

UNITY BRIDGE Erika Olson

The Unity Bridge connects to Berlin’s landscape and infrastructure through design, as well as creates dynamic conditions varying from perspective, location and speed of occupant. The bridge’s purpose goes further than connecting sides of the river, it unites the commuters, visitors, occupants and furthermore districts Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. The bridge serves as an urban intervention that engages each side of the river and activates those existing public spaces. The form is influenced by the dynamic pedestrian and cyclist’s circulation within the site and adresses these major intersections of travel which provides for easy accessibilty, all the while creating dynamic views of the site highlights.

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BERLIN


LONDON

DISPOSITION BRIDGE

Erika Olson

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

A BRIDGE FOR LONDON LONDON Naaly Pierre

Architectural Discovery Bridge focuses on capturing major viewpoints found in and around the site. These viewpoints are discovered by means of a series of diagrams, and highlighted by a series of cutouts created along the bridge to help focus views onto those major features of the River Spree.

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BERLIN

BERLIN BRIDGE

Naaly Pierre

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

SNOITCENNOC LAITAPS GNITAERC TS

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CHAOTIC LONDON STRATIFICATION

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space Luis Marenco

Upon visiting the site, there were certain conditions that stood out more than others. the word chaotic means “in a state of confusion and disorder”. Stratification is “the state of having many layers.” Combining these two terms generated a design influenced by the various datums that London offers. there is no consistent datum that runs along London creating a chaotic experience as one travels through the city. One can be on one datum but not be sure if that particular one is at ground level, below or under sea level and so on. This idea generated a design for a bridge having multiple levels that shift in elevation as it progresses to the center. Initially a series of analysis were made on the given site such as infrastructure, transportation, topography, density of people and building heights. generate a concept for a bridge based on the idea of various layers.

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BERLIN

INTERLACING ELEMENTS

Luis Marenco

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

Upon visiting the site, certain conditions gave the site its identity. Among them: graffiti, forms of connection and cycling. Graffiti linked the people to the city’s history. The ways in movement through the city incorporates changes in elevation is unique. Four elements helped in the design of the bridge : 1- transportation: the most common forms of transportation called for a bridge with two functions, pedestrian access and cycling. 2- Extended boundaries: upon extending the boundaries of sidewalks, buildings and streets horizontally and vertically, a grid forms. From this a gesture the axis of the bridge is derived. 3- Figureground: the figure-ground study shows the interaction of different layers and how they interlock while retaining their identities. 4- Density: this study identified which side of the bridge would have the larger scale. The new bridge would create a gradient across the river.

CONNECTING T G TR TI TRAJECT A ECT EC EECTORES

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POINTRESOLUTION

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space Antuhan Gonzalez

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LONDON


ENCAPSULATING LONDON CONNECTION

Brad Alvarez

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

This bridge was designed with consideration for the adjacent Tower Bridge which already serves the purpose of transporting pedestrians across the River Thames. As a result this bridge has the added function of creating a public space in the form of a linear park suspended over the river. London’s urban fabric frequently implements green, open space. As a result the idea of a linear park is appropriate in this context and it is a part of the city’s identity. The bridge is a cable stay bridge that breaks in the center with either side rotating very slightly (approximately 30 degrees) in order to be parallel to the river banks, allowing for the passage of larger sea vessels. The bridge has an upper and lower level both available to the public and visible to each other via an opening in the upper level.

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Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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PANORAMIC BRIDGE Chris Atkins

LONDON


BERLIN

PHOENIX BRIDGE

Renzo Kcano

Architecture, Technology and the City: Sustainability, Urban Infrastructure + Public Space

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Through the use of video media as critical frame, this study abroad seminar will provide students with an opportunity to experience, document, interpret, and depict the architecture, urban spaces and infrastructure of London and Berlin. Students will analyze the two subject cities, focusing on urban spatiality, and the theater of urban experience that architecture and infrastructure support in London and Berlin. Individuals or teams of students will edit raw material compiled throughout the weeks abroad to create short videos exploring the urban spaces of these international cities. Throughout our two-week sojourn in the cities of London and Berlin, students will document aspects of the constructed and historical British and German urban landscape. Guided tours on foot and mass transit will reveal the myriad layers of these cities, accrued over the course of centuries, and tempered by the vestiges of often-cataclysmic historical events. Documentation strategies will focus on the analytic and descriptive potential of videography as critical tool in the design of public urban space.

Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space

Upon our return, students will supplement the raw material of their onsite research with historical data on the development and transformation of these two urban centers over time. Among the city elements that will be studied and independently recorded: The articulation and distribution of natural and constructed landscapes; open civic spaces; urban structure and infrastructure strategies [hard and soft] – including transportation, water management, and utilities; as well as social and cultural infrastructure, urban density, and demographics.

Faculty_Jaime CanavĂŠs 57


Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Group Trip Video

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Adan Quesada

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Alexa-Marie Monfort

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Antuhan Gonzalez

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Brad Alvarez

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Chris Akins

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Crismary Pascarella

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Daniel Rodriguez

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Projects Video Elisa Leal

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Erika Olson

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Jorge Fabregat

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Luis Marrenco

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Naaly Pierre

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Renzo Kcano

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Film and the Depiction of Urban Public Space Project Video Richard Gomez

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Projective Visualization: The cities of London and Berlin face serious challenges in the face of global climate change. Any architectural or urban design proposal in these cities must demonstrate that it is able to contend with a changing environment. Constructing an accurate and compelling graphic argument to support your design proposal is of paramount importance. Throughout the course you will be guided through a series of steps that help you to understand the site in which you will be operating, understand the various problems that each city faces, understand the urban design strategies that each city is committed to pursuing, graphically describe the problems and the strategies, establish a point of view, and support your design proposal with relevant data in a compelling graphic layout.

Analysis and Graphic Representation for Changing Environments

The course is broadly conceived in two main sections: - Image Collection and Precedent - Composition, Data Presentation, and Layout The course will consist of classroom and on-site discussions, directed image collection activities at two sites in London and Berlin, classroom and online presentation of various precedents, classroom instruction in Adobe Photoshop and other related software, and formal critique. It is expected that the work prepared in this course will become an important substantiating component of your Design Studio presentations.

Faculty_Eric Peterson 75


Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphic Representations for changing Environments

Diagrams by: Adan Quesada

Diagrams by: Alexa Marie Monfort

Diagrams by: Antuhan Gonzalez

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DIAGRAMMING BERLIN


Projective Visualization

DIAGRAMMING LONDON

Analysis and Graphic Representation of Changing Environments

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Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphic Representations for changing Environments

Diagrams by: Brad Alvarez

Diagrams by: Chris Atkins

Diagrams by: Crismary Pascarella

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DIAGRAMMING BERLIN


Projective Visualization

DIAGRAMMING LONDON

Analysis and Graphic Representation of Changing Environments

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Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphic Representations for changing Environments

Diagrams by: Daniel Rodriguez

Diagrams by: Elisa Leal

Diagrams by: Erica Olson

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DIAGRAMMING BERLIN


Projective Visualization

DIAGRAMMING LONDON

Analysis and Graphic Representation of Changing Environments

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Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphic Representations for changing Environments

DIAGRAMMING BERLIN

Diagrams by: Jorge Fabregat

Diagrams by: Luis Marenco

ALLEYS/EMPTY SPACE BUIDLINGS GREEN SPACES ROADS SIDEWALKS

DENSITY OF URBAN FABRIC - EAST VS WEST

FIGUREGROUND-CONNECTIONS OF SPACES

Diagrams by: Naaly Pierre

Building Heights Lower

MASS/VOID

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Higher

View East to West

East/West Spatial Relationship


Projective Visualization

DIAGRAMMING LONDON

Analysis and Graphic Representation of Changing Environments

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Tower of London

St. Katharine Dock

St. Katharine Dock

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Urban layout (1970s) before the new development

major axis nodes

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ELEVATION RELATIVE TO

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LAYERS

FIGURE GROUND - OPEN

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Projective Visualization: Analysis and Graphic Representations for changing Environments

Diagrams by: Richard Gomez

Diagrams by: Renzo Kcano

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DIAGRAMMING BERLIN


Projective Visualization

DIAGRAMMING LONDON

Analysis and Graphic Representation of Changing Environments

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Study Abroad: London/Berlin 2014  
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