Issue XIV|December 2016 www.frontale-india.com
Facade and Fenestration news for India
Novel Technologies in Facade & Fenestration Design
NĂźrnbergMesse India Pvt. Ltd. German house, 2, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110021,India Tel.: +91-11-47168888/Fax: +91-11-26118664/Website: www.nm-india.com Contact: Ms Rucheeka Chhugani / E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Novel Technologies in Facade & Fenestration Design
www.frontale-india.com Page 2 | December 2016 | Issue XIV
FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA TAB
Carrying forward the committed intent of Innovation in Façade Design, Fensterbau Frontale India 2017 (FFI 2017), as India’s only focused event on Windows, Doors and Facades brings to you the latest issue of the tabloid focusing on ‘Novel Technologies in Facade & Fenestration Design’! This issue brings to you an assortment of design projects from the best in the country. From the recently completed residence by Malik Architects (Mumbai), I M Kadri (Mumbai), to path-breaking, Institutional work by the renowned MOFA Studio (Delhi) and Anagram Architects (Delhi), each project is an attempt to take the discourse in façade design forward. Abaxial Architects (Delhi) and Somaya &Kalappa (Mumbai) both demonstrate engagement and experimentation through their widely acclaimed design proposals, that will soon be launched!A big, special Thanks to all the contributors; without your inputs, this tabloid would not have been possible. Leading up to the show from February 23rd- 25th 2017 in Greater Noida, FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA (FFI) this year, is delving further into the realm of Façade design, with a focus on Fire Security and Safety. Together with our organizers NürnbergMesse and IFT Rosenheim as strategic partners, we are striving hard to keep you abreast of the latest innovation in technologies! For additional information, on any of these events, do visit http://www.frontale-india.com/ or www.fsie.in More importantly, we look forward to your inputs and feedback; earlier issues can be found online at https://issuu.com/ffi2014. You can contribute to the upcoming issues of the tabloid by sending in projects and articles to email@example.com Look forward to seeing you at FFI 2017! Tanya Khanna Founder & Director, Epistle Communications
2016 draws to an end amid India surpassing British economy in GDP, the demonetisation initiative of the Central government and game-changing policies like GST and RERA (Real Estate Regulator Bill) which are on their way to full implementation. While the various Government policies could lead to further delays in ongoing real estate projects due to the massive cash crunch, it also paves the way for a cleaner and more transparent real estate industry in the time to come. Change augurs well for the growth of an Industry as it brings in its fold innovation and new dynamics. It paves the way to define fresh standards and adopt new-fangled methods. The construction industry is always on the lookout for smarter, greener and sustainable technologies to create impactful solutions and greater value for the end-user. Novel technologies are the need of the hour to develop facades and building envelopes that create an optimally balanced and comfortable indoor environment that is appropriate for the occupants, and at the same time is energy efficient. Innovative use of emerging technologies in sensor and data management, Low-energy lighting, the use of computation to reduce energy consumption at the building level are some of the key ideas being explored to create smart buildings. Natural building materials are also finding new favour among environmentally conscious designers and construction agencies. The latest edition of our Tabloid aims to highlight some of these technologies and their scope especially with respect to the window, door and façade industry. The Indian real estate market is poised for growth in the medium-to-long term on the back of higher transparency and further consolidation and themarket is expected to mature and become more end-user-driven than ever before. It therefore becomes pivotal to use Novel technologies and design innovations which allow the industry to build greener and will help transform building design, construction and usability. We hope you will enjoy reading our current tabloid. Wishing you a great start into 2017 and see you at FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA from the 23rd-25th February, 2017 at India Expo Centre, Noida, Delhi NCR. Rucheeka Chhugani Project Manager FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA
Disclaimer: All rights reserved. This tabloid is intended for the dissemination of information about the Façade and Fenestration Industry, purely for academic and informational purposes aimed at discourse on façade design. No parts of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the permission of the owner of the copyright. All content is the copyright of FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA.
NürnbergMesse India Pvt. Ltd. German House, 2, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021, India Tel.: +91-11-47168888 Fax: +91-11-26118664 Website: www.nm-india.com Contact: Ms. Rucheeka Chhugani Issued by - FFI Editor-in-chief Tanya Khanna, Epistle communications Rucheeka Chhugani FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA Editorial Staff Nisha Tyagi, Syed Sarim Ali, Lilian Williams
www.frontale-india.com Issue XIV | December 2016 | Page 3
Facade and Fenestration news for india
I M Kadri Architects
Project Description Area : 2.5 Lac Sq.Ft Location: Aurangabad Status: Ongoing – Completion 2017 Client: MIDC, Aurangabad The Auric Hall is designed as a landmark for the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Cooperation (DMIDC) in Shendra, Aurangabad. This district administration building is planned to be the face of the upcoming development in the area. Though advanced in construction technology and function, it was important that the building be planned with a character sensitive to Aurangabad’s context and history. The administration building celebrates the historical glory of old Aurangabad by drawing inspiration from traditional features found in the city’s heritage architecture.
A series of ceremonious arches mark the entrance to the building reminiscing of arcades of tomb complexes of the Old City. The building is wrapped with an intricate modular Jaali derived from traditional motifs found on the historic Bibika-maqbara in Aurangabad.The Jaali screen controls the airflow and lowers the temperature of internal spaces whilst also providing natural diffused sunlight. Laser-cut aluminum panels form the modules. A network of three such screen modules of the same pattern but varying scales form the screen. This not only breaks the monotony of the Jaali façade but also helps control the light and shadow for open terraces and office spaces accordingly. The facade is a homogeneous composition of various different materials– glass, aluminium and steel work in harmony with the other. To lighten the building on the north face and bring in maximum daylight that is ideal for workspaces, the aluminium screen gives way to a light glass façade on the entrance face. Glazed with fritted glass, the screen pattern is embossed on the glass panels as well, echoing the theme of the building. The central atriumforms the main interaction zone of the building with informal terraces overlooking onto it. This further opens out onto a scenic lake on site. The building is designed for a LEED platinum rating.
Rahul Kadri, Principal Architect & Partner, I.M.Kadri Architects. Mr. Rahul Kadri spent his formative years amidst lush landscapes exploring the forests of the Kumaon Himalayas while studying at Sherwood College, Nainital. This early relationship with nature infused within him with a deep passion to create buildings & spaces, which are in harmony with its natural context. He completed his diploma in architecture from the Academy Of Architecture, Mumbai and went on pursue his master’s degree in Urban Planning from University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (1988). He assumed directorship of Kadri Consultants Pvt. Ltd in 1995 and since then has designed & executed several architecture & town planning projects under his leadership. He has designed townships for Tata’s, Jindal’s & Reliance, Hotels & Resorts for Taj & Club Mahindra, College Campuses for Symbiosis & The Supreme Court Of India and more. Over the years he has honed his skill & passion to create places where people and nature thrive. Mr. Kadri is a Trustee of Save The Children India – an organization committed to the cause of the education of the least privileged children in India
www.frontale-india.com Page 4 | December 2016 | Issue XIV
FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA TAB Project feature
Noida Abaxial Architects
Breathing the landscapeOpen to the elements- wind, sun, earth Both obvious, between climate and building and the less conspicuous: between occupants, and visitors, between faculties and functions, between experiment and economics. Each connection turning what are segregated offices into a network of collaborative workspaces. Landings and lobbies are bridges here,build connects and then create blades of illusions through reflections and depths of material and volumes. The atrium while enclosed with a dynamic screen remains open. To sun, wind, foliage and birds. A non air-conditioned atrium The rivered earth, seeped with pathos, seeks outburst in the lush foliage grows in that womb of the atrium.Here the curated landscape vacillates between the sculptural and natural, evoking the river that once flowed. Akin to a tropical forest with its cutaneous leaves and swamps, lilies and ponds and deep dense greens, create an inside which filters light and thought. The space is unique in its attributes for none like it exist within the typology of the I.T. Building. Depending on the temperature outside, that air inserted within the building needs to be either heated or cooled.Besides the exposure to the outside, Its air exchange are managed, through simple ducts and an exhaust systems that meet the demand for heating or cooling. Temperature drop of 5⁰ C upon entry While simplistically the bio atrium may be seen as the lungs it is more akin to the digestive churn of the building. Its ducts carry air, cooled and chilled to various zones of pause, seating and entries. The entry is a mist laden path, both aesthetic in illusion and then cooling. This mist is triggered by ultrasonic devices embedded in the water surface. Thereby greatly reducing the volumes of water needed. And in turn settling on the visitor who when exposed to the ducted air feels an instant drop in temperature. This temperature drop is anywhere between a range of 5-7 \degrees centigrade, causing the hypothalamus of the user to communicate a sense of cooling. Meet and greet - Promote sociability in access Borrowing an idea pioneered by Corbusier and Soviet constructivist MoiseiGinzberg in the 1920s and used previously in Morphosis’s San Fransico Federal Building and Caltrans District 9 headquarters in Los Angeles, the atrium proposes the use of skip-stop elevators that only stop on alternate floors; to get elsewhere, people simply walk
up or down. (Those in wheelchairs or transporting large objects can opt to take two other elevators that reach every floor. The system not only saves energy and costs (as much as 10 percent of a typical building’s energy use goes into elevator use), but it cuts down on the foot traffic that forms around elevator doors. The intent is didactic. As the attempt is to shape behaviour in the shape of its. Staircase as a street Movement by foot rather than by machine also encourages a “vertical campus” feel and the kind of lively social connectedness not typically found in tall structures. With plenty of views to other levels and out onto nearby central plaza, the atrium’s main staircase and the landings on each floor aren’t dead spaces, but become meeting places and opportunities for learning and interacting. In that way, the building uses its snaking stair to bring the vitality of the street into the building. The concrete that courses throughout is also a reminder of its urban connection. Plan Bio Atrium The idea behind the atrium is to have a space between enclosed inside and open outside with lush greens landscape , fresh cool breeze and rejuvenating activities An ultrasonic mist maker will be provided in the water body at the entry to throw a blast of mist at the people entering the bio-atrium. A huge blast of air will hit the person on the entry and suddenly make him feel comfortable and physiologically relaxing . With dense and lush greens on the sides it feels like you are in a swamp . There are going to be two Types of shaft would be exhaust shaft other would be desert coolers which fill through air according to the climate ,as Delhi has a composite climate ,so the throw of air will be always be regulated and changed according to climate. The entrance to the bio atrium is through the huge glass wall which gives a sense of enclosure to the building without visually blocking the view of the building. The glass wall looks dazzling at night with the light gleaming from inside of the atrium. Bio Atrium Facade Thousands of aluminium plates cover the facade of the Bio Atrium with the help of articulated M.S framework made after extensive research and multiple mock ups. Cantilevering from the building structure with the help of M.S framework the plates seem to be floating in the air in front of the building, these plates are fixed on rods with nylon bush and with the rods bolted to the M.S framework. These aluminium plates painted purposely with different colours on the inside and outside to create spectacle with the change in weather and time in the day. On the inside of the atrium the reflective brown glass railing shimmers and showcases the drama created by the movement of plates. A notable feature of the bio atrium is the green wall which covers one end of the staircase and brings life to cantilevered staircase from the craggy concrete wall.
Suparna Bhalla, Principal Architect, Abaxial Architects Suparna Bhalla is a Principal Architects of Abaxial Architects Ltd., a dynamic design firm in New Delhi. The award winning practise is aimed at both Urban commentary and then the promotion of methodology in Urban processes through research and innovation. She graduated with a master degree in architecture from university of California, Berkeley in 1998. Suparna is an architect and conservationist who has worked on a number of architecture, conservation and interior projects in India and abroad. She has been involved in the adaptive re-use and renovation of heritage buildings and palaces, as well as Urban Conservation and Renewal strategies. This coupled with her independent practise gives her strong insight into the various aspects of project conceptualization, design development and detail.
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www.frontale-india.com Issue XIV | December 2016 | Page 6
Facade and Fenestration news for india Himanshu Chopra University School of Architecture and Planning Competition I took part in the 2016 student’s competition by Fensterbau Frontale India. The design brief was to redesign the facade of an existing building of our choice and to design it in a manner that it becomes more sustainable, functionally appropriate, flexible, taking care of the heating and cooling requirements. The building that I chose to redesign was a typical north light truss structure that housed a workshop space for the mechanical engineering department. Being used as a design studio, it was not functionally and climatologically inappropriate. The building did not receive enough natural light. The proposed façade redesign solution incorporated large fins on the north-west façade that blocked harsh southwest sun and allowed the ample heat-free north light inside the building. These fins were detailed in such a way that in addition to blocking the heat, they also acted as ‘jaalis’ that filtered in the prominent south west wind to passively cool the interior spaces of the building. On the north east façade the percentage of glazed area was significantly increased so that the interior spaces can function with the daylight that filters in reducing the dependency on artificial lighting to a minimal amount. The edge condition of the proposed façade created interesting physical spaces that offered flexibility in its usage. Winning Even though I wasn’t expecting to win, it would be a lie to say that I didn’t hope for it. I was elated to know that my entry had received the first position. This win is definitely a good addition to my portfolio and resume and has encouraged me to participate in more design competitions in the future. Trip The prize was a sponsored visit to Rosenheim, Germany to attend the annual window and façade conference. People from the indo German chamber and ift Rosenheim were very helpful in providing me the documents for the application of visa. I would like to offer my heartfelt thanks to Mr. Jürgen Benitz and Roland who were my contact at the ift, Rosenheim. They were extremely hospitable and helpful. They showed me around at the conference venue and offered great advice for the remainder of my trip after the conference. The Conference Prof. Ulrich Sieberath, director of Institute of façades, Rosenheim, gave the opening and welcome address at the 44th windows and facades. He spoke about the 50 year long journey of the institute’s research focused towards ensuring the quality and safety in the windows and facade construction / industry. He shed some light on the Global changes in the industry. The conference was segmented into a number of
sessions, each being focused on a different aspect of challenges or changes such as Energy efficiency, future and sustainability, Construction issues, digital world, climatic changes etc. Presentations about problems and solutions in the façade practice, Thermography, Energy conservation standards for buildings were highly informative because we usually donot get access to that level of technical information and modern methods of problem analysis in architecture schools. Even though the analytical standards and methods were designed to deal withchallenges faced in that part of the world, it was interesting to think about how most of those techniques could be applied in India or any other part of the world by tweaking them to respond to solve for local issues. Another set of lectures highlighting the future perspectives in the window and façade construction and to design for the next generation of buildings was highly intriguing because they made me think of questions for and possible answers to architecture which is striving to become more flexible, adaptive and interactive in its functional and physical parameters and trying to be more sustainable at the same time. Other subjects at the conference discussed design for urban mining, problems faced in window façade construction, building laws, codes , elevation control and the opportunities and risks involved with technologies of the digital world such as 3D printing, active digital facades etc. The key speaker on the opening day of the conference was Prof. Dr. Mojib Latif, holder of the 2015 Federal Environmental Prize. He gave the most moving and awakening presentation on Climate change, briefly explaining all the scientific findings, how our practices are causing alarming climatic shifts and how these shifts will impact us. His presentation also shed some light on the political actions that are being taken as corrective measures, their enforcement and results. His presentation was a good reminder that our design choices have global environmentalconsequences. The social evening in a Bavarian hall to celebrate the institute’s 50th anniversary exciting and a great opportunity to experience the Bavarian culture and how they celebrate! And I believe as architects we must study and experience different social constructs just as we study and experience different buildings and spaces. Extension Being a student of architecture at the time and a passionate traveller, I was extremely excited by the probability of being able to explore buildings and spaces in Germany. Hence, I expressed this desire to them and requested for an extension, which they were pleased to grant and I got the change to travel other parts of the country on my own which was one of the most enduring experiences of my life. I travelled and
STUDENT COMPETITION 2016 WINNER soaked in as much design, architecture and culture as I could each day. I experienced spaces varying in scale, function, architectural styles (baroque, classical, gothic, modern, high tech, deconstructivist etc.), in varying settings and conditions and from different periods and regions. I got a chance to see the works by the world’s some of the most celebrated architects. Visiting airports, train stations, plazas, parks, churches, museums, monuments, art galleries, stadiums, towers, hotels, hostels, streets, roads, highways and making observations ranging from urban design to façade and staircase details helped me build up a visual library and most importantly reminded me of my love for architecture and design. Conclusion The conference and the trip was an amazing experience from which I can take back a lot of learnings. At a time when I was extremely confused about whether I want to choose to practice architecture or not after completing my education for I had forgotten why I chose to study it in the first place and I think this trip brought me some much needed clarity.
About the Author Himanshu Chopra, having completed his Bachelors in Architecture from University School of Architecture and Planning in 2016, is exploring the broad spectrum of design and architecture owing to his keen interest in interdisciplinary work. He has trained/worked under Ar. Amit Khanna (principal architect, AKDA) where he got to work on projects varying in typologies and scale incorporating sustainable practices. His interest in graphic design, film and other forms of visual and experiential design informed his interest in architecture and design and he hopes to work on multifaceted projects which incorporate the best of all. He enjoys sketching, watching movies, reading comics and graphic novels. Loves to travel, explore and observe different architecture, spaces, cultures, practices etc. Having grown up in the metropolitan settings of Mumbai and Delhi , He has developed an interest in architecture and interventions in the existing fabric of urban areas and developing innovative design solutions for the urban issues, sustainable design using modern means and technology and facade design.
M:OFA Studios Façade, can aptly be summed as a conscious interface between the inside and outside. Similar to how our skin senses the external stimulus and sends signals down the brain, following which an action is interpreted that supports both our internal and external workings. This skin, in terms of architecture, has evolved over the time from being a static vertical envelope to a responsive and performative intermediate. It responds to the relevant contextual and climatic parameters of a structure, facilitating appropriate interior conditions for the users. What surfaces to the sight remains its visual impact to the public, making facades a paramount element in crafting the city fabric. The current scenario where technology takes the lead before anything has inundated the façade industry with ideas and opportunities making it a complexly diversified subject in itself. Backed by state of the art engineered solutions, its only now when we are slowly drifting to implement technology in our built skins through fully integrated design strategies. In our project National Institute of Water Sports which is being built in Goa, opened us up to the opportunities for conceiving an indigenous vocabulary prevalent across the city, yet our approach was to connect it with both the realms of indigenous and contemporary architecture. Inpired by the beauty of local natural laterite, with its rustic red color and earthy texture that extends its relevance to the vast rural expanses of goa, we felt the need of injecting the structure with a contemporary language. It was then through technological interventions, we introduced corten steel in conjunction with laterite as the material for façade and fenestrations. The rustic patina of weathering steel along with its efficient reflex from climatic nuances made it an ideal choice for NIWS. Brief of the Project Commisioned in 2010 through an international level competition proposed by Ministry of Tourism and Government of Goa, the NIWS is projected to be oneof-its-kind in Asia. It forsees the vision of connecting people with leisure water sports, providing cutting edge technology, facilities and opportunities.
Concept Ideated about mentally transporting human spirit in the midst of the sea, the Architecture of National Institute of Water Sports elucidates the temporary yet adventurous moment, when the fiercely driven surge of waves, escalating high in the sky beckons the surfer. The surfer sets his foot into the sea and embraces its wild outbursts. While surfing against the flow of current he proceeds where he sometimes manages to jump over, dodging the intense flow of waves while at other gets engulfed within its wake. The built form is a manifestation of the ever changing energies of the surfer and the sea, in a potent oscillating time lapse. A seamless fluid form, this two storey structure glides into a discernible ease in the context as landscapes rises and falls intermittently just like the waves of the sea, with melting voids to an amorphous interconnected succession of spaces. Corten Steel as façade & fenestration The design attempts to dissolve traditional and contemporary façade treatments into a dynamic whole, backed by technology and a deft acquaintance of elemental constraints. Locally quarried laterite juxtaposed against ultra-modern corten steel delves in the harbor of both aesthetic and functional nourishment. Through the appropriate technological aid, we were able to endow steel the required feasibility and efficiency to combat the extreme climatic conditions of Goa while leaving an indelible expression of identity amongst its indigenous counterparts. It has been extensively used in façade and fenestration, for it ages in its softest glory making ageing one of the most beautiful processes of nature. Pressed against torrential rains and winds, the façade panes shields the structure from these constraints while regulating adequate ventilation and comfort for the users inside. To deal with the impact of harsh daylight, perforated corten steel sunscreen filters controlled daylight into the interiors while creating patterns of dappled light that enhances the aesthetics naturally. The weathering façade presents a mellow spectacle, where through the course of time the aesthetics evolve turning into myriad shades of austere elegance. From bright orange, rustic brown to ambre hued patina when put forth against the enormous sea, enhances with age. Its choice as a façade material with its acknowledged intricacies spurs both the elements of visual appeal and structural efficiency, making it extremely befitting in the context of goa . - Zohra Khan (Media Researcher)
Manish Gulati, Principal Architect, M:OFA Studios Working for more than 15 years, his experience from designing Accessories/ products , Exhibitions , Retail, Residences to National Institutional projects, Sports stadiums, Hospitality and residential. His past and current assignments include NIFT Kangra Campus , HP; DPCC Head Quarters, New Delhi ; NIWS Campus Goa; ITM Campus, Gwalior& Sports Academies for Directorate of Sports & Youth Welfare, Hospitality and Retail projects, Accessories/ products , Exhibitions , Retail & Residences. His forte & driving passion till date remains Design & innovation. The studio and practice from the beginning reflected his clear approach to design - Contemporary, bold & global with subtle Regional / Contextual interventions to Concepts. His innate ability to remain abreast with technology, his deep love for the arts and sensitivity towards life always remains at core to any of his works. His design processes is supported by his International & Holistic approach towards Architecture in terms of Constant Research, Resolution, Case studies & project discussions on design, functionality, Technology, inventive concepts and sustainability issues.
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FENSTERBAU FRONTALE INDIA TAB The Digit , New Delhi Anagram Studios
Of digits and identity The world of corporate marketing communitcation is all about grabbing eyeballs and our clients are one of the largest outdoor media companies in the country. Today, through outdoor or out-of-home (OOH) advertising, corporate brand identities are ubiquitous to the urbanscape. An extremely potent form of communication, it relies heavily on high visual impact in a fleetingly brief engagement. Its clamorous visual language acts as an overlay or imprint on the urban built language. It intrepidly uses built volume and urban inserts to increase its visibility or to accent its messaging. Its contribution to urban culture ranges from adding to its chaotic visual cacophony to inspiring its street art. The approach of our design was to investigate the notion of identity (corporate, organisational and individual) and its urban projection.To this end, we explored, semiotically, the most common idiom of identity, the thumbprint. The shimmering, fluttering, red screen perforated with the company’s logo is an idiom for its “digital identity”. The idiom changes to that of the identity of the individual within the organisation in the thumbprint ceiling of the entrance lobby within. We felt that the architecture must project an arresting visual language and the split second impact of a roadside billboard while simultaneously commiting to a deeper value and meaning to the organisation, the edifice and the occupant. “Enlightened” Volumetrics The site is one among a row of narrow urban plots with limited street frontage. The neighbouring buildings chose to maximise frontage and conform to
the restricted built volume allowed through a central void or atrium. As a result, they rely on the front facade as the main source of light with the interiors being largely dingy that require artificial lighting. The street facade is, thus, made of an unboken line of full rectangular facades without relief. Our design proposed a divergence from the existing street form through a singular formal articulation that symbolically references the extruded or projected profile of a thumb. The semi-elliptical cylindrical volume creates linear voids that stretch along the length of the building, infusing the workspaces with natural light diffused through a skin of louvres. Planters project into these voids along the edge of the floorplates investing greenery into every nook of the office. The form of the building was informed equally by the hierarchy of the organisation as well as the need the manage daylight and heat gain within the offices. The company’s corporate structure is implied in the volume with the hierarchical levels of the work force and management segregated into various floors of ascending seniority and reducing occupancy. “Digital” facade The front of the site confronts a noisy road as well as huge solar heat gain. We chose to create a glimmering and visually exciting layered faced to mitigate both. The glazing on this facade is protected by a red aluminium perforated screen. The pattern of the logo is articulated by reattaching the stampedout discs through a pivot detail. The resultant facade shimmers in the breeze projecting the organisation’s corporate identity and domain, all the while standing out from amongst its neighbours through its form. The language of the perforated screen is carried through in the partitions between the main circulation spine and the workstations in the office.
Madhav Raman, Principal Architect, Anagram Studios Madhav is an architect and urbanist. He founded Anagram Architects in 2001, an architectural practice in partnership with Vaibhav Dimri. Anagram Architects is internationally recognised as amongst the top emerging practices in the world with a commitment towards delivering deeply contextual designs that encourage sustainable lifestyles. Over the years the practice has garnered much international acclaim including a nomination for the Aga Khan Award 2010 and inclusion in the Wallpaper* Magazine’s “Architects Directory 2009”. Its work has been premiated at the Architectural Review’s World Emerging Architecture Awards 2007, the Cityscape Architectural Awards 2008, 2010 & 2016, the Wienerberger Brick Awards 2010, the SAIE Bologna 2010, 2011 and 2012, the Holcim Award for Sustainable Construction 2011, Asia Pacific Design Awards 2012 and the International Design and Architecture Awards 2013.
Residence at South Extension 2, New Delhi Malik Architecture
Under normal circumstances the main circulation core would have been located on the western face of the plot to minimize heat gain, but in this case, with the plot being hemmed in on 3 sides, we needed to find ways to bring light into the house. The eastern wall is shared with the adjoining plot and offers very little possibility in terms of gaining natural light, hence we placed the core on the eastern face of the plot. The house on the west is at a distance of 20ft from the western face of our house. This gap offers more in terms of natural light. Considering that there is a gap of 20ft between two walls of 50ft height, we won’t be exposed to majority of the harsh western sun. As a concept we have adapted the western face of the house to bring in controlled light through punctures, screens and northern skylights without opening up any views to the west, as there is another house only 20ft away. This arrangement allows us to bring the maximum amount of light from the north and north western parts of the house, which is where our site has the maximum openness. There are no large glazed areas without substantial shading. The main living spaces open onto terraces with large overhanging volumes and operable second skins. (Jaali - Sliding Folding 1-2) The fixed and operable screening systems are adapted versions of
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the traditional ‘jaali’ – typical architectural device in north India. South light is brought into the house through a vertical, deep recessed fissure that splits the volumes in the south. By elongating and narrowing the main circulation core we create a large, continuous open volume (32ft X 80ft) within which we can locate most of the living areas.(Render - Living Room) It allows us to puncture the house with a vertical court without having to compromise on usable footprints and allows the house to be visually unified. The ground level courtyard is shaded from the south/ west, receives ample light from the north which extends downward into the basement and upwards through the main central court(also acts as a climate device, adaptable in summer/winter). By raising the major volume to a height of 18ft from the ground level a large garden can be opened in the north. A large cutout brings light into the basement and this space connects with the vertical void running through the house. This void spreads horizontally into the double height landscape terraces at different levels visually as one enters the plot, one perceives a massive example of landscaped space.
Project feature Arjun Malik, Partner, Malik Architecture Arjun completed his Bachelors in Architecture at the Rachana Sansad Academy of Architecture, Mumbai and went on to receive a Master of Science in Advanced Architectural Design from Columbia University in New York. Before commencing his Masters in New York, Arjun worked at Malik Architecture for three years and returned to the practice in 2005. In their practice, they focus more on generic metaphors rather than specific analogs, relying on the intuitive reading of context, allegory and functional parameters to generate typo-logical shifts. Empirical mathematical processes are tempered with the exploration of phenomenological precepts to generate architecture that transcends the merely intellectual and visual and addresses the often ignored experiential aspects of architecture.
www.frontale-india.com Issue XIV | December 2016 | Page 14
Facade and Fenestration news for india
Project feature School Of Planning & Architecture, Vijayawada
Somaya & Kalappa Consultants The design for the new campus of School of Planning and Architecture at Vijayawada was proposed as part of an all- India competition and to be developed as an eco-friendly campus with state-of-the-art facilities. The proposed campus comprises of an academic block, co-curricular as well as residential facilities for students and staff. The site has been organized in such a way that the prevalent wind passes through the forest and the water body, thereby reducing the ambient temperature. The buildings have been oriented with the shorter side towards west direction to reduce unwanted heat gain. The academic block was initially designed as one block, oriented to maximize north light. A second block was added to align with the site boundary to maximize central open area, with a courtyard in between for visual connectivity. The academic block is lifted from the ground to create an entry to the rest of the site, with a bridge introduced to facilitate easy circulation. An activity “mound” made of sculptured walls and earth cover on the block reduces the heat gain. It consists of a gym, stores and a cafeteria with a back kitchen and service entry, opening to an amphitheatre overlooking a waterbody. The student hostels are organized by placing the tallest form in the south, with the building shading each other and reducing heat gain. The building blocks are staggered to create interesting corridors and external volumes. A base on the lower floor is created to bind the 3 towers blocks of the staff hostels, which is used as a community space, with majority of the rooms opening to good views. The Facade The double skin of metal fabric panels acts as a thermal buffer and thermal flue which draws in natural air into the building. At the same time, it also qualifies the building as an open space. The building skin is a subtle transition from the inside to the outside. These skins generate considerable energy savings for the building by reducing usage of mechanical ventilation and artificial lighting. The northern façade facing the front road and the hills is a single plane since
thermal gain from it is minimal. To enable penetration of light to the studios, the wall splits into strips which twists to open up glazed areas. The twisted strips (the fins) cut the glare during summer months. The southern façade requires a double skin (a cavity wall) to reduce the fabric gains and creating the necessary depth for fenestration. Since it is an add-on to the “true” façade, it is expressed as a second skin with a material difference – the “true” skin being concrete (exposed and minimal) whereas the add-on is clad in stone (cloaked and complex). The juxtaposition in forms is hence reflected in the materials of the skin. The tension in the forms, tears the addon skin at places revealing the true concrete forms at intersections. Building Material Since Vijayawada lies in a state with abundant supply of natural stones from local quarries, a variety of stones can be used, without enlarging the ecological footprint of the project, for the internal external finishes within the building as well as in the landscape. The stones locally available in Andhra Pradesh include different kinds of colors of limestone, slates and granites. Sustainable Strategies The buildings will use solar power for exterior and partial interior lighting by means of photo-voltaic mounted on roof tops and/or individual fixtures. It will also use solar water heaters in the hostels and residential areas. Black and grey water would be treated through reed bed systems thereby reducing loads on traditional STP. As a principle, water will be recharged after treatment to rejuvenate the depleting aquifers.
Brinda Somaya, Principal Architect, Somaya & Kalappa Consultants Brinda Somaya is an architect and urban conservationist. Upon completion of her Bachelor of Architecture from Mumbai University and her Master of Arts from Smith College in Northampton, MA, USA, she started her firm Somaya and Kalappa Consultants in 1978 in Mumbai, India. In May 2012 she was the recipient of an Honorary Doctorate from her alma mater, Smith College. In 2014 she was awarded the Indian Institute of Architects – Baburao Mhatre Gold Medal for Lifetime Achievement. In 2015 she was honoured as Distinguished Professor by the Indian Education Society’s College of Architecture (IES), Mumbai. She is the Chairperson of the Board of Governors, School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada – 2016, an Institute of National Importance. Over three decades she has merged architecture, conservation and social equity in projects ranging from institutional campuses and rehabilitation of an earthquake-torn village to the restoration of an 18th century Cathedral, showing that progress and history need not be at odds. Her philosophy: ‘the Architect’s role is that of guardian – hers is the conscience of the built and un-built environment.’ This belief underlines her work that spans large corporate, industrial and institutional campuses and extends to public spaces, which she has rebuilt and sometimes reinvented as pavements, parks and plazas. Master-planning and building design of multiple corporate and educational campuses has become one of her areas of expertise.
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