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URBAN INFILL + MASSIVE WOOD. RESIDENTIAL PROJECT LONDON Fanor Serrano

thermal mass

shading+ ventilation

trickle vents + PSV

site solar access: winter

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

nstruction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

winter: Airtightness + fabric insualtion + (solar gains when available). To allow natural ventilation trickle ventilatiors are aided with Passive stack ventilation PSV.

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

facade with window’s movable insulation

Stereographic Diagram

N

345°

L o c a t io n : 5 1 . 4 ° , 0 . 0 °

30° 1 0°

S u n P o s it io n : -1 7 9 . 9 ° , 1 5 . 1 ° 31 5°

V S A : 2 2 .1 °

1 st Ju l

45°

20°

20

4

30°

300° 1 st A u g

1 st Ju n 60°

40° 5

50°

19

1 st M a y

60°

285° 1 st S e p

typical facade section summer

1 5°

O b j 4 3 0 O rie n t a t io n : 0 . 0 ° , 0 . 0 ° 3 3 0 ° H S A : -4 8 . 3 °

typical facade section winter

18

80°

17 270°

1 st A p r

7

90°

8

16

1 st O c t

75°

6

70°

15

14

13

255°

12

11

10

9 1 st M a r 1 05°

1 st N o v 1 s t Fe b 1 20°

240° 1 st D e c

1 st Ja n

225°

1 35°

T ime : 1 2 : 0 0

21 0°

D a t e : 2 4 t h D e c (3 5 8 )

1 50°

D o t t e d lin e s : J u ly -D e c e mb e r.

1 95°

Stereographic Diagram

345°

L o c a t io n : 5 1 . 4 ° , 0 . 0 °

1 65°

1 80° N

1 5°

O b j 4 2 5 O rie n t a t io n : 0 . 0 ° , 0 . 0 ° 3 3 0 °

30° 1 0°

S u n P o s it io n : -1 7 9 . 9 ° , 1 5 . 1 ° H S A : -4 8 . 3 °

31 5°

V S A : 2 2 .1 °

1 st Ju l

45°

20°

20

4

30°

300° 1 st A u g

40°

1 st Ju n 60°

5

50°

19

1 st M a y

60°

285° 1 st S e p

18

80°

17 270°

90°

8 15

14

13

255°

12

11

10

First floor and upper): Residential

summer hot days (night time): night ventilation

1 st A p r

7

16

1 st O c t

75°

6

70°

9 1 st M a r 1 05°

1 st N o v 1 s t Fe b 1 20°

240° 1 st D e c

1 st Ja n

225°

1 35°

T ime : 1 2 : 0 0

21 0°

D a t e : 2 4 t h D e c (3 5 8 )

1 50° 1 95°

D o t t e d lin e s : J u ly -D e c e mb e r.

Stereographic Diagram O b j 4 2 0 O rie n t a t io n : 0 . 0 ° , 0 . 0 ° S u n P o s it io n : -1 7 9 . 9 ° , 1 5 . 1 °

N

1 5°

330°

30° 1 0°

H S A : -4 8 . 3 ° V S A : 2 2 .1 °

1 65°

1 80°

345°

L o c a t io n : 5 1 . 4 ° , 0 . 0 °

31 5°

45°

20°

1 st Ju l 2 0

4

30°

300° 1 st A u g

40° 50°

19

1 st Ju n 60°

5

1 st M a y

60°

285° 1 st S e p

18

70° 80°

17 270°

1 st A p r

7

90°

8

16

1 st O c t

75°

6

15

14

255°

13

12

11

10

9 1 st M a r 1 05°

Ground floor: Retail

1 st N o v 1 s t Fe b 1 20°

240° 1 st D e c

1 st Ja n

225°

T ime : 1 2 : 0 0

site solar access: summer

facade not shaded AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

1 35°

21 0°

D a t e : 2 4 t h D e c (3 5 8 ) D o t t e d lin e s : J u ly -D e c e mb e r.

1 50° 1 95°

1 80°

1 65°

summer average days: Shading

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED AA AA school school of of architecture. architecture. E+E E+E MArch MArch SED SED

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London Solid Solid timber timber construction construction .. An An energy energy efficient efficient urban urban infill infill in in London London

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED +Ventilation AA school of architecture. AA school of architecture. E+E E+E MArch MArch SED SED

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

PRODUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION

ENERGY USE

EXTENDED USE AND BUILDING REUSE

summer hot days(day time): Shading +mini-

Solid timber construction . An energy urban infill in London mum efficient ventilation+thermal mass (exposed masSolid timber construction . An energy efficient sive wood) Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban urban infill infill in in London London Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

Theconstruction study explores the urban infill in London Solid timber . An energy efficient

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

application of massive wood construction in residential urban infill projects in London. The urban infill is a way to increase urban density and create additional space using the existing voids without the need of investment in urbanization or infrastructure. Another environmental advantage of urban infill implementation in central areas of the city is that it promotes living styles less dependent of transportation.

DEMOLITION AND MATERIAL RECYCLING

SHADING DESIGN

AA school ofvertical architecture. E+E MArch SED shading angle

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

facade partially shaded a. section single element b. section several elements horizontal shading angle

m

l c. plan single element

d. plan several elements

e. plan several elements of diferent rotation capping the same HSA f

g h

a

“peep holes” the distance for the gap (dimmension x. see graph e) increases when elements are closer to the selectedd points.

i j k

b

facade completely shaded The aim is to achieve low energy consumption, minimize the environmental impact of the construction process and to explore how far the use of wood can be extended under an environmental framework. The challenges faced by urban infill projects such as obstructed sites and difficult construction logistics can be override with prefabricated airtight structures in wood. The system used possesses thermal properties that allow the adoption of design strategies in order to extend the adaptability of buildings to more intensive occupation patterns and hotter weather conditions.

c

d

e

a b c d e

Floor finish Raised floor panels (Oriented straw board) Raised floor structure Thermal and impact sound insulation between flats (fiber board) Structural slab (Massive Timber ceilling exposed)

f g h i j K l m

Structural Wall (Massive timber exposed to the interior) Secondary air barrier- insulation container (chipboard) Insulation container(chipboard) Thermal insulation (Wood shavings slightly compresed) Primary air barrier , waterproof membrane (exterior grade plywood) Cladding/Shading (wood + painted opaque glass) Cladding (wood) Panel Joint - taped

structural slab modules

structural walls (facade) modules

cladding and shading modules

nodnoL ni llfini nabru tneicfife ygrene nA . noitcurtsnoc rebmit diloS

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

DES h crAM E+E

urban transportation limits sizes of modules .erutce2m*5m*3m tih cra fo looh cs AA

nodnoL ni llfini nabru tneicfife ygrene nA . noitcurtsnoc rebmit diloS

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient urban infill in London

Window’s movable insulation - different configurations

DES h crAM E+E .erutcetih cra fo looh cs AA

AA school of architecture. E+E MArch SED

Solid timber construction . An energy efficient ur

c

e a a

b

d

a ELASTICITY:The spaces can grow towards the voids b INDETERMINATION:The spaces can allocate different funtions c FLEXIBILITY:Structural and facade layout allows different internal distribution of spaces. d SERVICES:Can be changed freely under the raised floor in the slabs and connected to the sercie vertical voids. e STAIRS:Can be configured as an atrium under a different use (f.e.offices) to adopt passive cooling techniques.

MArch Sustainable Environmental Design 2009-11

AA School of Architecture

massive timber -poster  

summary poster -dissertation MArch Sustainable Environmental Design.

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