RESOLUTION BOOKLET VinSpring NSC EYP-Ukraine, 2-5 March 2012
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON I NTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS With regard to the armed insurrection in Syria, what actions can be taken by the EU Member States in conjunctions with the League of Arab States to aid in avoiding an outbreak of full-scale civil war in the region, while preserving the interests of the Syrian citizens? Submitted by:
Artem Kobets, Daryna Korygina, Gvantsa Kvaratskhelia (GE), Ievgen Afanasiev, Klara Sundlöf (SE), Natalia Olasyuk, Oksana Kravchuk, Oleksandr Shvets, Oleksandra Kryvoruchko, Olga Semaniuk, Ol’ha Kul’bans’ka, Pavlo Fedoriv, Serghiy Karelov, Vasyl Babych (Chairpeson, UA), Tea Vulić (Chairperson, HR)
The European Youth Parliament, A. Realising that due to cultural, religious and ethnic differences in Syria the opinions on the current government’s policy are divided, B. Fully alarmed by violent actions taken by both the ruling regime and the opposition, resulting in thousands of people being arrested, tourtured or killed, C. Noting with regret that due to the ongoing conflicts many Syrian citizens have been forced to seek refuge in neighbouring countries, D. Taking into consideration that military intervention is oposed by the Syrian citizens, E. Believing that military aggrevation can lead to a full-scale civil war in the region, F. Noting with deep concern that in case of a humanitarian crisis local organisations would be unable to provide necessary aid, G. Affirming the urgent need for international humanitarian aid, H. Noting with regret that the Syrian government is unwilling to accept any direct humanitarian aid from the EU, I.
Deeply concerned that the resolution drafted by the Security Council of the United Nations Organisation regarding the situation in Syria has been vetoed,
Bearing in mind the negative effects of economic sanctions,
K. Appreciating that the European Council has formulated a resolution on Syria which exclusively sanctions the regime, L. Alarmed by the fact that the neigbouring countries and the Russian Federation supply both parties of the conflict with military equipment, M. Emphasising the need of media in Syria to become less dependent, N. Welcoming the demands of the Syrian citizens to: i)
immediately terminate the tourturings and the killings ordered by either parties of the conflict,
begin transition to a free and pluralistic society,
O. Deeply disturbed by the fact that Syrian army is being forced to oppress its citizens;
1. Strongly condemns any military intervention in Syria; 2. Calls upon the international community to adopt the European Councilâ€™s resolution on Syria, 3. Further recommends raising international awareness about Syriaâ€™s present situation; 4. Encourages the global community to follow international law and not supply Syria with military equipment; 5. Calls upon the League of Arab States, the United Nations Organisation, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Gulf Cooperation Council and other actors involved to remain in close contact with each other in order to coordinate their actions on Syria; 6. Emphasises the need of cooperation between the International Red Cross and the Red Crescent in order to supply Syrian citizens with humanitarian aid; 7. Further resolves the situation of media in Syria by means of financial support to non-governmental and private news agencies in Syria; 8. Urges the Syrian government to open the borders for international journalists; 9. Further invites the Syrian government to provide international journalists with maximum protection; 10. Supports and offers funds for NGOs operating in Syria; 11. Expresses its hope for an agreement within the opposition; 12. Encourages the opposition to be more organised in order to prevent the growing violence, 13. Further recommends constructive dialogue between the Syrian government and the opposition.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON A GRICULTURE AND R URAL D EVELOPMENT Given the environmental advantages of Biomass energy and Biomass fuels how can the planting and harvesting of rapeseed (Brassica napus) or other plants that are easily and cost-effectively converted into bio-fuels be implemented? Submitted by:
Alex Huzenko, Denis Khmelevskyy, Eze-Njoku Nnaemeka Jeff, Kateryna Kostyuchenko, Liza Aleksandrovich, Louis Aerts (BE), Maria Kononenko, Oksana Kagdin, Olha Havrylyuk, Victoria Dembrovska, Volodymyr Sukach, Veronica Zvarych, Yegor Vlasenko (Chairperson, UA), Karin-Liis Lahtm채e (Chairperson, EE)
The European Youth Parliament, A. Deeply concerned about the continuous increase of the European diesel deficit and the growing need for alternative fuels in the transport sector, B. Recognising the current European Union (EU) dependence on fossil fuels imported from non-EU countries, many of which are politically and economically unstable, C. Affirming the stabilising effect the use of bio-fuels has on the current ecological situation, as opposed to fossil fuels, D. Bearing in mind the increased use of sustainable biodiesel to be considered by the European Commission (EC) and a large number of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), e.g. World Wildlife Foundation (WWF), as a means of tackling climate change and pollution, E. Aware of existing arable land being used for growing plants that can be converted into bio-fuel instead of food crops resulting in indirect land use change (ILUC), e.g. deforestation, F. Taking into consideration the fact that the current bio-fuel industry is very fragmented, which leads to: i)
small companies imposing higher prices,
the inefficient distribution of bio-fuel products,
G. Noting with regret the lack of appropriate market incentives regarding bio-fuels, H. Emphasising that vehicles can run on the following two types of fuel: i)
a blend of bio-fuel and fossil fuel,
a pure bio-fuel after minor engine modifications;
1. Draws attention to the circumvention of the EU anti-dumping regulations and the unfair competition from US B99 bio-fuel; 2. Has resolved to invest in the growing of micro-algae (phytoplankton) in shallow salt lagoons located in areas of desertification (e.g. the Western Sahara) using brackish water; 3. Considers the use of greenhouses for planting rapeseed and other plants that can be used in bio-fuel
production in Northern Europe; 4. Recommends the addition of bio-fuels as a criteria of the Health Index;
5. Encourages more cooperation in the bio-fuel industry between companies; 6. Further recommends the implementation of market incentives for both production companies and consumers; 7. Supports further research on various bio-fuels in order to increase: a)
productivity in manufacturing bio-fuels,
sustainability of harvesting biomass plants,
8. Urges further development of the bio-fuel industry in the EU in order to reduce dependency, lower oil prices and increase the market share of bio-fuels.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON C ULTURE AND E DUCATION As environmental awareness and recycling are not well developed in Eastern European Countries, how can Ukraine use the educational system and other cultural mediums to promote and to inform its citizens about the importance of â€˜greenerâ€™ existence? Submitted by:
Alina Poliakova, Angelina Beznesyuk, Artur Kolisnichenko, Khrystyna Parandiy, Levan Kipiani (GE), Liliya Borovets, Logvinenko Mariana, Nikita Babich, Olena Yermakova, Precious Eto, Sofia Petterson (SE), Ulyana Furiw, Volodymyr Sytnyk, Tolu Ibrahim Alonge (Chairperson, UA), Olga Pushkaryova (VicePresident, RU)
The European Youth Parliament, A. Bearing in mind that the lack of information concerning environmentally conscious existence can influence the ecological situation globally, B. Observing the lack of environmental awareness among citizens of Ukraine, C. Taking note of the fact that educational establishments do not provide a proper example of environmentally friendly behaviour, D. Realising the lack of promotional events for youth and adults concerning environmental issues, E. Noting with regret the absence of cooperation between the government of Ukraine, local authorities, educational institutions, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), business communities and other organisations, F. Deeply regretting the lack of sufficient information on environmental issues provided by the mass media as well as the absence of ecological propaganda and celebrities' support, G. Disturbed by the lack of financial support from the government of Ukraine aimed at: i)
implementations of modern ecological approaches,
iii) scholarships for conducting research, H. Noting with deep concern the lack of environmental education for children at schools, I.
Deeply concerned by the annual production of 14 million tonnes of waste in Ukraine, from which 4 million tonnes could be reused as raw materials, for purposes such as: i)
Alarmed by the absence of ecologically sound brands in Ukraine;
1. Urges schools to collect and recycle books which go out of use;
2. Recommends using posters and billboards in an effort to inform society of the potential consequences of pollution and other processes that pose a threat to the environment;
3. Endorses the creation of attractive promotional and educational materials such as brochures, leaflets, booklets and commercials as means of raising awareness among the youth; 4. Supports local authorities and NGOs to conduct mass cleaning-up campaigns annually as well as eco-festivals, green days and other environmentally educational events in order to emphasise the importance of environmentally sound existence; 5. Encourages secondary schools to provide subjects on environmental protection; 6. Expresses its hope that companies will act in an ecologically sound manner and organise countrywide ecological projects; 7. Strongly recommends dialogue between the government of Ukraine, local authorities, NGOs and business communities in order to spread information on environmental issues; 8. Calls for promoting ecologically conscious existence by means of: a)
involving celebrities into environmental campaigns,
producing documentary films etc.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON E NVIRONMENT , P UBLIC H EALTH AND F OOD S AFETY I Ukraine, with over 45 million people, is the world's 20th largest emitter of CO2 from fossil-fuel consumption and cement production. Basing its economy on outdated, inefficient and environmentally damaging technologies, what measures should be taken by the Ukrainian government to achieve the EU target of reducing CO2 emissions? Submitted by:
Anastasiia Pryymachuk, Dmytro Kharchenko, Erekle Antadze (GE), Ksenija Bochkareva, Lina Sรถdergren (SE), Olena Polovina, Olha Shvets, Natalia Solovyova, Valeriya Kharlanova, Yevgeniya Yurchuk, Yuriy Andrusak, Anastasiya Olkhovnikova (Chairpeson, UA), Sebastian Hosu (President, AT).
The European Youth Parliament, A. Fully alarmed that Ukraine is one of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide in the world, B. Noting with regret that the current Ukrainian ecological legislation does not impose appropriate penalties for emitters of carbon dioxide, C. Deeply concerned by the inability of the Ukrainian government to sufficiently address and control the environmental issues in the country, D. Emphasising that the Ukrainian industry relies heavily on outdated technologies dependent on fossil fuels, E. Keeping in mind the status of Ukraine as a developing industrial country that requires: i)
favourable working conditions for scientists and researchers,
F. Taking into account: i)
the lack of awareness among the elderly concerning global warming,
the indifferent attitude concerning the negative effects caused by carbon dioxide,
G. Realising the current deforestation in Ukraine and its subsequent effects on the environment;
1. Urges the implementation of mandatory ecological passports for potentially nature polluting enterprises; 2. Supports environmentally friendly power plants financially via subsidies and low interest loans; 3. Calls for international exchange programmes for ecological engineers manufacturers polluting the environment; 4. Imposes penalties for polluting establishments such as: a)
high fines for violation of ecological laws,
progressive taxations in relation to greenhouse gas emissions;
5. Approves the establishment of a long-term plan aimed to decrease Ukrainian dependence on fossil fuels and to substitute it with green resources; 6. Expresses its appreciation towards the participation of Ukraine in both rounds of the Kyoto Protocol while also sustaining intense cooperation with the rest of the signatory countries; 7. Calls upon international governmental and non-governmental organisations to support education and training programs directed to raise awareness of people concerning ecological issues; 8. Demands the preservation of Ukrainian forests by implementing more protective laws regarding deforestation rights; 9. Endorses the increase in the number of planted trees with a special focus on deforested areas; 10. Supports the development of the Ukrainian ecological research sector by: a)
creating more attractive career perspectives for scientists,
attracting both private and governmental investment.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON E NVIRONMENT , P UBLIC H EALTH AND F OOD S AFETY II In an ever more consumerist society, waste disposal and its efficiency are becoming more and more important. If not done properly, a poorly managed waste disposal system can be devastating for the environment. With that in mind, what can Ukraine do to impose an effective waste disposal system that would help protect its environment and that of its neighboring countries?
Alyona Vyshnevska, Anna Urayeva, Anton Udovenko, Ilona Pavlyus, Iulia Pustovoitova, Kate Chernyuk, Lyuda Krasnytska, Nataliia Kalyn, Ndubueze Egbulefu, Olga Sokolova, Sergey Leshcenko, Veronica Yakubchak, Yana Petrus, Irina Savchuk (Chairperson, UA), Richard Janoušek (Chairperson, CZ)
The European Youth Parliament, A. Alarmed by the severe environmental situation caused by the poor and ineffective waste management system in Ukraine, B. Bearing in mind the impact of the Chernobyl disaster that resulted in the unsafe storage of a sizeable amount of nuclear waste on the territory of Ukraine, C. Expecting a more active participation on the behalf of Ukraine in international environmental projects, D. Deeply regretting that the existing incineration and recycling plants in Ukraine are scarce, outdated and dangerous to the environment, E. Having considered the dangerous location, size and toxic leachate of landfills as well as the gas emission produced by incineration plants, F. Acknowledging the low level of both domestic and foreign investments in waste management development in Ukraine due to the unstable political and economic situation in the country, G. Emphasising the necessity of cooperation among businesses in order to reuse waste, H. Observing the lack of government support and regulation in waste management, I.
Deeply concerned by the ignorant attitude of many of the Ukrainian society towards waste prevention,
Taking into account the lack of awareness and consciousness among citizens concerning waste disposal, such as reusing and recycling,
K. Declaring separate waste collection a necessity;
1. Calls for government attention to the inefficiency of the waste disposal system in Ukraine; 2. Encourages foreign investment in the field of waste management in Ukraine; 3. Requests the government to set recycling objectives concerning different kinds of waste in Ukraine; 4. Further recommends to improve safety of waste disposal transportation; 5. Endorses the utilisation of various means (e.g. reuse and recycling) in order to reduce the amount of
industrial waste produced by factories and plants;
6. Approves the development of new strategies of waste prevention in order to appoint producers responsible for the entire life cycle of products and their packaging; 7. Strongly recommends the instalment of: a)
filters for incineration plants,
leachate-proof material for landfills,
modern equipment for converting gas emission into compost;
8. Calls upon authorities to evaluate whether the existing landfills meet basic ecological standards; 9. Further requests the government to impose stricter legislation in order to comply with international ecological safety standards; 10. Supports further research on the decay of toxic waste with assistance of the government; 11. Further recommends educating the general public in reduction and prevention of waste via national information campaigns; 12. Calls for implementation of waste reduction and separation equipment at public institutions; 13. Approves creation of classes in educational institutions focusing on efficient waste management with the involvement of non-governmental organisations specialised in the field; 14. Encourages usage of non-formal education methods in the field of waste management, such as: a)
15. Calls upon retailers to provide discounts for customers buying reusable products; 16. Supports the replacement of plastic with recycled paper for bag production; 17. Urges the increase in separate household waste collection in order to improve the quality of the process, by e.g. using bins with separate compartments for different kinds of waste; 18. Approves the establishment of convenient conditions for flea markets, as they work towards waste reduction; 19. Recommends learning from the good practice of the European Union Member States regarding the implementation of effective waste management systems; 20. Encourages the neighbouring countries to consider the actions proposed in order to address the issue of waste management.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON C IVIL L IBERTIES , J USTICE AND H OME A FFAIRS In order to ensure the protection of intellectual property, especially given the exponential growth of data sharing on the Internet, numerous governments are signing the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). However, concerns have been raised that it will jeopardise civil liberties and stifle technological innovation. Is ACTA the right way to follow? If yes, how can it be effectively enforced? If no, what would be a better alternative? Submitted by:
Anastasiya Kyrychok, Bardia Jamali (SE), Mariya Ihnatova, Mykhailo Iakovenko, Mykhailo Rozhkov, Oksana Konorska, Roman Andriychuk, Tetiana Korniichuk, Viktoriia Zabiian, Yelizaveta Aleksyeyeva, Yevheni Burlaka, Yuliya Mykhaylyuk, Yuriy Repeta, Kateryna Baskenova (Chairperson, UA), Krzysztof Ignaciuk (VicePresident, PL).
The European Youth Parliament, A. Deeply disturbed by non-democratic procedure of negotiating Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) without public consultation, B. Taking into account concerns that ACTA reflects interests of particular parties involved in the process of negotiations, C. Concerned by the significant influence of lobby groups (e.g. music and film industry) on the drafting of ACTA, D. Deeply concerned by vaguely formulated provisions, e.g. Articles 9, 23, 27 and 35, E. Taking into consideration the Opinion of European Academics on ACTA which concludes that the Agreement has 16 severe legal shortcomings, F. Deeply concerned by the provisions of unreasonably strict border controls as specified in Article 14 of the Agreement, G. Realising that the implementation of ACTA could ultimately limit access to generic medicines, H. Aware of the fear that ACTA is considered to limit civil liberties such as internet privacy and could result in the abuse of personal information, I.
Noting with deep concern the insufficient public awareness regarding the implications of ACTA,
Acknowledging the exaggerated and biased campaigns against ACTA led by groups such as Anonymous,
K. Alarmed by the wave of protests against ACTA fuelled especially by the above-mentioned campaigns;
1. Resolves to implement provisions of ACTA only with reference to trade; 2. Demands that authorities need court permission in order to access personal information;
3. Recommends that objective information concerning ACTA be provided by governments of signatory countries through the media;
4. Encourages signatory governments to ensure public consultation on ACTA; 5. Further recommends that customs implement the provisions of ACTA solely by controlling trade operations without controlling personal belongings; 6. Suggests that parallel trade not to be regulated by ACTA, but rather by separate bilateral agreements in case it is needed; 7. Calls for more precise formulations which would exclude any ambiguity regarding interpretation of ACTA; 8. Further requests that the involvement of lobby groups be limited; 9. Further recommends involving non-governmental organisations, such as Electronic Frontier Foundation, into negotiations; 10. Urges signatory states to ensure that ACTA's criteria regarding the violation of intellectual property rights only protect right-holders' profits and they do not also contribute to monopolisation.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON E CONOMIC AND M ONETARY A FFAIRS As a result of the global debt crisis many of European economies were left stagnant. What can Ukraine do to boost its economy in order to achieve competitiveness on a European level, raise living standards and provide an attractive financial environment for long-term investments? Submitted by:
Adegbeye Adebayo, Anastasia Shapkina, Anton Verkhovodov, Lidiia Zhgyr, Maria Shcherbak, Nazar Zhovtovskyy, Okechukwu Egbete, Rosanne Rabin Bozorg (SE), Sophia Kryshtal, Vasyl Tsiktor, Roksolana Pidlasa (Chairperson, UA), Dominic Degen (Chairperson, CH)
The European Youth Parliament, A. Fully aware that the high level of corruption: i)
increases the gap between social classes,
decreases government income,
creates unattractive business conditions,
discourages both foreign and domestic investments,
B. Deeply concerned by the large shadow economy and unequal tax burden caused by highly complicated and non-transparent tax system, C. Taking into account that using loans to refinance financial voids caused other debts leads to aggravating the financial crisis and to a loss of trust amongst international creditors, D. Deeply disturbed by the leakage of highly qualified workers that is slowing down economic development, E. Taking into account that the ineffectively exploited energetic potential of Ukraine leads to overdependence on foreign energy resources, F. Bearing in mind the political instability which hinders: i)
conducting reforms properly,
the final transition to free-market economy,
G. Noting with regret that the insufficient amount of innovative investment, unreasonable spending of funds and outdated technologies lead to high prices and to the quality of Ukrainian products being below European standards, H. Further noting that lower quality of Ukrainian products results in them being less competitive on the international market, I.
Recognising the high inflation rate caused by uncontrolled issuing of money and dollarisation of the economy;
1. Recommends close monitoring of further implementation of existing anti-corruption instruments; 2. Further encourages improvement of anti-corruption legislation by increasing the punishment measures for bribery; 3. Urges reorganisation of judicial system in order to make it more accessible and more efficient; 4. Emphasises the necessity of reviewing and reforming the administration system in order to decrease bureaucracy; 5. Encourages simplifying of the current tax system and increasing its transparency; 6. Calls for adjusting the tax system to business cycles; 7. Approves public access to information regarding governmental spending; 8. Further recommends setting up a programme of paying out external debts gradually; 9. Has resolved to stimulate increase of production in order to pay out the external debts instead of refinancing them; 10. Endorses diminishing brain drain by: a)
maintaining the existing national scholarship and internship programmes,
developing social programmes;
11. Draws attention to the necessity of Ukraine achieving energy independence by investing in: a)
maintaining nuclear energy production in the short-term perspective,
discovering new oil and gas deposits,
modernisation of extraction technologies,
research in the field of renewable energy in the long-term perspective;
12. Supports further improvement of mechanisms of involving citizens in making political decisions; 13. Authorises domestic implementation of innovation and technologies developed in Ukraine by governmental incentives such as tax benefits; 14. Further recommends conducting an adequate monetary policy aimed at decreasing inflation rate by: a) increasing interest rates, b) controlling of money issuing.
M OTION FOR A R ESOLUTION BY T HE C OMMITTEE ON I NDUSTRY ,E NERGY AND R ESEARCH Bearing the pressing need for European energetic independence and the trend to rely less and less on nuclear power plants in mind, which alternative energy sources could the European community rely on to meet the needs of an ever more energy-dependent society? Submitted by:
Alina Kotelnyk, Alyona Buhai, Andrii Pyvovarov, Anna Illyashyk, Anna Kondratyuk, Iryna Garbuz, Svyatoslav Kalanteyev, Vakhtang Katamadze (GE), Vira Gembarsâ€™ka, Vladislav Shumchenko, Yuliya Kudina, Natalia Tarasevych (Vice-president, UA), Hrvoje Vampovac (Chairperson, HR)
The European Youth Parliament, J.
Taking into account the constant raise of the energy consumption,
K. Aware of the fact that 1/3 of European Unionâ€™s (EU) electricity comes from nuclear energy, L. Deeply concerned by the security issues of nuclear power plants that make them an improbable choice for the electricity production in the future, M. Realising that producing electricity in a traditional way, which includes nuclear power plants, causes environmental problems, N. Bearing in mind that the EU is dependent on external energy imports, namely: i) ii)
80% of gas comes from Russia via Ukraine and Belarus, Iran being the main oil supplier,
O. Deeply concerned about lack of general awareness regarding alternative sources of energy, P. Observing the lack of investments into development of alternative energy sources ;
15. Calls for a gradual transition from the energy produced in the nuclear power plants towards alternative energy sources; 16. Supports increasing of public awareness regarding the importance of saving energy and the benefits of alternative energy sources; 17. Urges the creation of new infrastructure able to support energy-saving innovations: full-cycle buildings, thermally isolated houses, solar panels, energy saving windows; 18. Encourages further research and investments in renewable and alternative sources of energy; 19. Calls for the cooperation among EU Member States in order to adopt a common policy in regarding energy consumption; 20. Further invites both governmental and private companies to invest in alternative energy resources within their corporate social responsibility programmes; 21. Recommends the further development of floating wind farms as they provide twice as much energy as their land-built counterparts; 22. Requests the wide usage of ocean power as one of the most efficient alternative energy sources
(wave energy, oceanâ€™s high and low tides, temperature difference in the water); 23. Further recommends to diversify the energy providers and routes, such as: a)
transportation of Liquid Natural Gas from Qatar;
24. Further requests low credit rate programs supported by the government in order to promote installation of solar panels in both private and industrial sectors; 25. Promotes usage of biomass briquettes as an alternative energy resource to coal; 26. Invites the development of other alternative sources of energy (hydrogen, geothermal energy, biofuel) together with experimental technologies (power felt, bacteria lamps, flexible screens); 27. Encourages further usage of shale gas, the vast reserves of which have been recently explored in Europe; 28. Endorses implementation of energy saving technologies such as solid waste recycling, hydrophobic spray and energy-efficient transportation.