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PRO DU CTIVE CITIES

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Productive City / 1 Europan 14 results The Europan 14 results catalogue presents at the European scale the 136 prize-winning projects in 44 cities from 13 participating countries, taking into account the theme of the session “Productive Cities”. The projects of 41 winners, 47 runners-up and 48 special mentions are classified into 4 thematic families: — From Productive Area to Productive City — From City to Productive City — From Functionalist Infrastructures to Productive City — And productive again! Each sites family is introduced by a point of view of experts putting into perspective a selection of projects in relation to the corresponding topic. Each site is presented by an interview of the representative. Each project is presented through images, a text of the team and the point of view of the jury (for the winners and runners-up).


Preface Anna Catasta President of Europan Europan’s 14th session confirms the vitality of the competitions organised by Europan, which stands out as one of the most significant contributors to the process of city regeneration in Europe. Here — and everywhere in the world — cities have increasingly become places of contradictions, open to criticism, but also territories with great potential for innovation and development. Cities in 13 European countries proposed 44 sites for Europan 14, sites with challenges of transformation based on an ecological approach and innovative contributions to urban programmes, and in this session with the additional requirement to incorporate production. For the 1350 teams registered — made up of urban design and architecture professionals under the age of 40 — the objective therefore was to find in each specific context what type(s) of production were compatible with the revitalisation of urban life. Overall, the theme struck a chord with European urban leaders who are looking to move away from a century of functionalism founded in urban sprawl, the separation of functions and a city fabric fragmented by car-based mobility. Though all the strategies on the sites propose a new functional mix that includes the productive dimension, they take different forms depending on the context. Some sites are former industrial zones that require profound regeneration, with a new approach to production linked with the creation of the future city. Others, by contrast, are sites with still partially dynamic productive activity, which need to be enhanced and reconnected. In a third category, the issue is infrastructures and how to measure the impact of multi-mobility and inter-mobility on the active revitalisation of urban fabrics to make way for the productive city. A final category of sites consists of existing urban fabrics in which the role of production — largely excluded in the past — needs to be rethought. 13 national juries, some of them associated, undertook the analysis and assessment of the 1003 projects submitted. Meeting twice in the second half of 2017, they first shortlisted approximately 25% of projects that they saw as containing promising ideas. Then, after a European Forum held in October 2017 in Helsinki (FI), which brought together the juries and the site representatives around debates that covered more than purely local issues, the juries overall selected 41 winning teams, 47 runners-up, and 48 for special mention. This catalogue is the European tool that provides access to the multiplicity of these proposals, classified according to the four families of sites. These projects offer a long-term vision of the metamorphosis of the sites, but many of them are also project-processes that propose methods of development over time. Indeed, building the productive city requires the involvement of all the actors around the ideas proposed and unified action that goes beyond sectoral priorities and is as much political as spatial, as much public as private, as much local as global. Articles by experts analyse groups of projects from a thematic perspective and elucidate the content of this session. They contribute — from the European scale and the contextual scale — to the understanding of this diversity of ideas.

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Summary 1 Preface Anna Catasta, Europan President 4

E14 Map of Sites

Judgment

6

8

How are Europan Projects Assessed?

12

E14 Juries Presentation

WINNING PROJECTS 136 projects: 41 winners, 47 runners-up and 48 special mentions

Results

18

20

Productive Synergies at Urban/

Architectural Scales Didier Rebois (FR), architect, teacher and Secretary General of Europan

+ Chris Younès (FR), anthrophilosopher, researcher and professor

From Productive Area to Productive City

30

2

32

Analysis Article:

The Space that Looks at Us Kaye Geipel (DE) — chief editor of Bauwelt and Stadtbauwelt magazine, architecture critic

38 39 40 41

Alta (NO) Winner - Tanca Runner-Up - Re-Meaning Special Mention - Busy Bosse! Special Mention - Hydro-Therapy

42 43 44 45

Amiens (FR) Winner - Cultivating the City or the Lessons from the Worm Runner-Up - The Awakened Banks Special Mention - Sédimontières

46 Amsterdam 47 48

Papaverdriehoek (NL) Winner - Makers Neighbourhood Runner-Up - CoLIVING An Open Neighbourhood

50 Angers (FR) 51 Winner - Positive Loops 52 Runner-Up - Les chemins de traverses 53 Special Mention - Permacultures urbaines

54 55 56

Bègles (FR) Winner - La grande mine Runner-Up - Bègles et les machines urbaines

57

Special Mention - Toolkit City

58 59 60 61

Grigny & Ris-Orangis (FR) Winner - Coop-Work Winner - Weaving Energies Runner-Up - Terres Vives, les nouveaux communaux

62 63 64

Hamburg (DE) Winner - In Between the Lines Runner-Up - Da/ -Rin -Rum -Runter -Zwischen

66 67 68 69

Huy (BE) Runner-Up - Taking Care! Special Mention - Île de Thiry Special Mention - Initiate Resilience Special Mention - Urban Biotope

70 71 72 73

Kriens (CH) Winner - Die Fabrik Runner-Up - Œcumène Special Mention - Der Weissplan

74 75 76 77

Lille (FR) Winner - And… And… And… Winner - Écoto(w)ne Special Mention - Urban Culture

78 79 80 81

Lillestrøm (NO) Winner - The Living City Runner-Up - The Techno Monks Special Mention - Fictions

82 83 84

Toulouse (FR) Winner - Œconomie territoriale Special Mention - Re-Sources Special Mention - The Anthill

86 87 88

Wien (AT) Winner - 3L’s for Liesing Runner-Up - potent-IAL

From City To Productive City

90

92

Analysis Article:

The Software and the Hardware Carlos Arroyo (ES) — architect, urbanist, linguist, teacher + Julio de la Fuente (ES) — architect, urbanist 98 99 100 101

Alcoy (ES) Winner - Exposed City Runner-Up - Estación Impuls.a Special Mention - Heads in the Clouds

102 Amsterdam H-Buurt (NL) 103 Winner - Foam of Production 104 Runner-Up - Amsterdam H-Buurt Makers 106 Amsterdam Sluisbuurt (NL) 107 Winner - “Top Spin” 108 Runner-Up - Bouwen in Amsterdam 110 111 112 113

Barcelona (ES) Winner - In Flow Runner-Up - Step by Step Special Mention - Urban Masía

114 Besançon (FR) 115 Winner - Jurassic Parks 116 Runner-Up - The Mounts Theory 117 Special Mention - Macro-Chip Urbain 118 119 120 121 122

Cuneo (IT) Winner - Green is the Colour Runner-Up - Making Room(s) Special Mention - Contaminations Special Mention - Lucy in the Wood with Diamonds Special Mention - The Difficult Wall

123 124 125 126 127

La Bazana (ES) Winner - Bazana Go! Runner-Up - La Fábrica de Suelos Special Mention - 15May2026 Special Mention - FAB LABazana Special Mention - La BUZZana

128 129 130 131

Narvik (NO) Winner - On Reflection Runner-Up - The Ecology of Making Special Mention - From Backyards to Courtyards

132 133 134

Neu-Ulm (DE) Winner - The Productive Heart of Neu-Ulm Runner-Up - From Vorfeld to “Core-Feld”

136 137 138 139

Oulu (FI) Winner - Kaljama Runner-Up - A Tale of Two Lakes Special Mention - Dynamo Special Mention - The Forum

140 Platja de Palma (ES) 141 Winner - Agora 4.8 142 Runner-Up - Places 143 Special Mention - A Social Infrastructure Special Mention - The End of the “Efecto Arenal”


144 145 146 147

Zwickau (DE) Winner - Productive Update Runner-Up - Connect Four Special Mention - The Big Bright

Green Pleasure Machine

From Functionnalist Infrastructures to Productive City

148

150 Analysis Article:

From Mobility Infrastructure

to Productive Spaces, What Kinds

of Transformation? Aglaée Degros (BE) — architect, professor, director of the Urban Planning Institute in TU Graz + Dimitri Szuter (FR) — architect, researcher, dancer, performer

156 Amsterdam Piarcoplein (NL) 157 Winner - Undergrowth 158 Runner-Up - Urban Platform 160 161 162

Aschaffenburg (DE) Winner - Wohnterrassen am Schillereck Runner-Up - Hummelo

164 165 166 167

Aurillac (FR) Winner - The Great Park Runner-Up - Panoplie Special Mention - Savoir Terre

168 169 170

Évreux (FR) Runner-Up - Underlying Cultures Special Mention - Articulations d’Intérêt Collectif Special Mention - The Spread-Out Train Station

172 173 174

Graz (AT) Winner - Unfolding the Fan Special Mention Backyard Forward! Special Mention Good Morning City!

176 177 178 179

Helsinki (FI) Winner - Lateral Coalescence Runner-Up - Waterfront Twist Special Mention - Make Laajasalo Productive Again

180 Madrid (ES) 181 Runner-up - Common Ground 182 Runner-up - On the Blue Summer Evenings 183 Special Mention - Air Matter(s) Special Mention - Nature Injections

184 185 186 187

München/Taufkirchen (DE) Runner-Up - New Proximities Runner-Up - Small Room / Big Window Runner-Up - wood|LAB

188 189 190 191

Torrelavega (ES) Winner - Vacant Space Runner-Up - De vaca negra Special Mention - De la manzana al mercado

192 193 194 195 196

TornioHaparanda (FI/SE) Winner - Two Cities One Heart Runner-Up - The Engagement Special Mention - Common Ground Special Mention - Seamless Special Mention - Tornelandia

And Productive Again!

198

200 Analysis Article:

And Productive Again! Céline Bodart (BE) — architect, researcher, teacher + Kristiaan Borret (BE) — Bouwmeester Region of BrusselsCapital, architect, teacher

226 Šibenik (HR) 227 Winner - Place 228 Runner-Up - Give me Five! 229 Special Mention - Mangan City Overdrive Special Mention - Productourism 230 Trelleborg (SE) 231 Winner - New Sjöstad: Water, Walk With Me 232 Winner - Pioneers 233 Special Mention - Future Comes Slowly 234 235 236 237

Tubize (BE) Winner - Seed Structure: The Production of Happiness Runner-Up - Learning from Tubize Special Mention - Twofold Nature

238 Warszawa (PL) 239 Runner-Up - HOUSE the Productivity 240 Runner-Up - The Excity 241 Runner-Up - Warszawa Common Places

What Next?

242

244 What Next?

206 Amsterdam 207 208

Transformatorweg (NL) Winner - Media Sloboda Runner-Up - Embracing Technology

210 211 212 213

Guebwiller (FR) Winner - Productive Articulations Runner-Up - Acclimater la vallée Special Mention - Manufacture de terroirs

214 Karlskrona (SE) 215 Winner - A Blue Entrance to the City in the Sea 216 Runner-Up - Ny Karla 217 Special Mention - Hattholmene Vattenstad Special Mention - The Productive City as a Platform 218 Linz (AT) 219 Runner-Up - FABLinz 220 Runner-Up - PROlinz Productions Unlimited 221 Runner-Up - Rock the Block! 222 223 224 225

Pantin (FR) Winner - Kintsugi, or the “Small Mills” Strategy Runner-Up - Ex-Changing Production Special Mention - SCOop* Savoir Coopérer

252 Credits

Europan Secretariats

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E14 Map of sites

NARVIK

LILLESTRØM

KARLSKRONA AMSTERDAM TRANSFORMATORWEG

TRELLEBORG

AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN AMSTERDAM PAPAVERDRIEHOEK

HAMBURG

AMSTERDAM H-BUURT AMSTERDAM SLUISBUURT

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TUBIZE LILLE AMIENS ÉVREUX

ASCHAFFENBURG

PANTIN

GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS

NEU-ULM GUEBWILLER

ANGERS

KRIENS BÈGLES

LINZ

WIEN

MÜNCHEN/ TAUFKIRCHEN

BESANÇON

TORRELAVEGA

ZWICKAU

HUY

GRAZ

AURILLAC

TOULOUSE

CUNEO ŠIBENIK

BARCELONA MADRID

LA BAZANA

ALCOY

PLATJA DE PALMA


ALTA

FROM PRODUCTIVE AREA TO PRODUCTIVE CITY TORNIOHAPARANDA OULU

FROM CITY TO PRODUCTIVE CITY FROM FUNCTIONALIST INFRASTRUCTURES TO PRODUCTIVE CITY AND PRODUCTIVE AGAIN!

BELGIQUE / BELGIË / BELGIEN HELSINKI

HUY

66

TUBIZE 234

NEDERLAND AMSTERDAM H-BUURT 102 AMSTERDAM PAPAVERDRIEHOEK

46

AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN 156 AMSTERDAM SLUISBUURT 106

DEUTSCHLAND

AMSTERDAM TRANSFORMATORWEG 206

ASCHAFFENBURG 160 HAMBURG 62 MÜNCHEN/TAUFKIRCHEN 184

NORGE

NEU-ULM 132

ALTA

38

ZWICKAU 144

LILLESTRØM

78

NARVIK 128

ESPAÑA ALCOY 98

WARSZAWA

ÖSTERREICH

BARCELONA 110

GRAZ 172

LA BAZANA 123

LINZ 218

MADRID 180

WIEN

86

PLATJA DE PALMA 140 TORRELAVEGA 188

WARSZAWA 238

FRANCE AMIENS

42

ANGERS

50

AURILLAC 164 BÈGLES

ÉVREUX 168 58

GUEBWILLER 210 LILLE

SCHWEIZ / SUISSE / SVIZZERA / SVIZRA KRIENS

70

54

BESANÇON 114 GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS

POLSKA

74

SUOMI-FINLAND HELSINKI 176 OULU 136 TORNIOHAPARANDA 192

PANTIN 222 TOULOUSE

82

HRVATSKA ŠIBENIK 226

ITALIA CUNEO 118

SVERIGE KARLSKRONA 214 TRELLEBORG 230

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6

JUD    


7

    GMENT


How are Europan Projects Assessed? Didier Rebois, General Secretary of Europan.

8

Before discovering the winning projects in this 14th

innovative ideas, but also to convert those ideas into

session of Europan, it is perhaps worth reminding

more developed design processes and ultimately into

readers how the proposals submitted for the

real operations.

competition are assessed.

This paradox partly explains the time and effort

One common criticism is: “why does it take so long?”

invested in choosing the teams that will be awarded

Understandable, since the deadline for submissions is

the “Europan label” for their ideas, and in some cases

the end of June and the results are announced at the

go on to receive commissions for a second, so-called

beginning of December in the same year. So it takes

“operational” phase. The juries have the difficult task

more than five months for the results to come out…

of analysing the three panels the teams are required

In fact, right from the creation of Europan 30 years

to submit, picking out projects that offer an innovative

ago, great importance has been attributed to this

perspective, an original vision, of the question raised

phase of assessment, and to the award — through

by the site, within the framework of a global theme (the

the different national juries — of some 100 prizes per

session topic), and awarding the Europan “label”. At

session (winners and runners-up combined), plus

the same time, however, the selected projects need

special mention projects without prizes, out of the

to offer a strategy that sets out key orientations for

approximately 1500 projects submitted. The filtering

implementing their ideas over time, within a given

process in this assessment phase is important and the

context. The best projects in a session are those that

choice of the winning teams is a strategic issue not only

meet both these requirements.

for the teams themselves, but also for the partners who participate in the competition.

Common European rules for all the competitions

Indeed, in its founding principle, Europan is called

within a session… but with variants that reflect

a “competition of ideas”, and the primary objective

competition cultures in the different countries.

is to reward innovative projects devised by young European professionals of architectural, urban and

TEAMS FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES TO ENSURE

landscape design.

A PROCESS OF ACCULTURATION

However, it is also a competition “followed by

One of the founding principles of Europan — to

implementations”, in which the aim is not only to reward

encourage the movement of young professionals

JURY SESSION IN AUSTRIA

JURY SESSION IN GERMANY

JURY SESSION IN SPAIN


JURY SESSION IN FRANCE

JURY SESSION IN ITALY

of urban, landscape and architectural design within

the projects, the committee and the jury are almost

Europe — was to open up the competition on a site,

the same entity. However, this is only possible if the

regardless of its location, to all these professionals,

number of sites and submissions to be assessed is

whatever their country of residence, provided that they

small. By contrast, in France, where there often are

have a degree from a European university or school

numerous sites and submissions (overall, several

and… that they are aged under 40.

hundred projects to assess), the technical committee

Since the launch of Europan, the proportion of projects

is made up of numerous experts who spend time pre-

submitted by teams foreign to the site has not varied,

analysing all the projects before the juries meet for the

remaining constant at around 50%. And the proportion

first time. This committee explains the content of the

among the winning teams is roughly the same. At a

submissions to the jury, by means of analysis sheets

time of growing problems of identity in Europe, it is

and an oral presentation. The task of these experts is to

encouraging to see an undiminished desire among

present all the projects analytically, without making any

young people to tackle cultures other than their own,

selection. It is the jury’s job to decide. Nonetheless, the

and if they win, to test their skills away from home.

committee contributes to the process of understanding

This colours Europan in a particular way, through

and analysis throughout the assessment process.

projects that blend the cultural identity of their authors with the social and economic culture of a given context

JURY MEMBERSHIP BASED ON THE COMPETITION

in another country. And it is not unusual, for example,

PRIORITIES

to see Spanish teams attracted by sites in Scandinavia,

Each jury has 7 or 9 members, depending on the

or Eastern European teams interested in sites in Italy.

individual country’s choice, since not all juries have

Opposites often attract! Though in other places, we

the same number of projects to assess.

equally find complicity between similar cultures in the

Their membership consists of 2 or 3 experts representing

choice of sites.

public and/or private commissioning entities, 4 or 5

It is important to specify that the projects are anonymous

experts representing the design professions (landscape

and that teams are required to submit their ideas in

architects, urbanists, architects), and one other figure

English or the language of the country where the site is

whose role is to guarantee a diversity of viewpoints.

located, which makes it difficult to identify the nationality

Overall, out of the 100 or so jury members in the

of the authors.

Europan 14 session, there were 8 representatives of public authorities (Ministry, Region), 1 mayor, 10

INDEPENDENT JURIES

municipal representatives (urban officials), 6 project

Europan is designed as a federal structure, with national

owners, 5 urban managers, 16 urbanists, 4 landscape

secretariats coordinated by a European entity. It is

architects, 29 architects, 14 architecture teachers, 2

therefore the national juries that assess all the projects

architect-engineers, 1 critic, 1 publisher, 2 architectural

submitted for the sites in a given country.

historians… And some 15 of their number of former

These juries are made up of independent experts — the

Europan winners.

site representatives do not sit on the jury — who have

Each jury must include foreign members, a proportion

freedom to choose the winning projects, primarily on

that can vary, but requires a minimum of two for a

the basis of their quality and innovativeness rather than

seven-member jury, or three for a nine-member jury. Out

simply their immediate operational feasibility.

of the 7 members and 2 substitutes on the Austrian jury, there were only 2 Austrians and 7 foreigners, making

TECHNICAL COMMITTEES WITH VARYING ROLES

it the most international of all the juries. Similarly, the

The juries are assisted by technical committees which

Norwegian jury consisted of 4 national and 5 foreign

do the preliminary work, analysing the content of the

members out of 7 members and 2 substitutes.

projects and informing the juries of any infringement of

The Europeanisation of the juries is also visible in the

the rules. Depending on the competition philosophy in

total number of foreign members per nationality. Seven

the countries concerned, the role of this committee can

foreign members were French, 5 Spanish, 6 German, 3

vary in importance. In Switzerland, where the custom

English, bringing a plurality of perspectives alongside

is for the jury to be responsible for the pre-analysis of

the national members…

9


HELSINKI (FI), E14 CITIES & JURIES FORUM - EXHIBITION OF THE 244 PRESELECTED PROJECTS

HELSINKI (FI), E14 CITIES & JURIES FORUM WORKING GROUP

AN AUTONOMOUS JURY BEGINNING WITH A

place in Helsinki, to divide the ideas shortlisted on the

DIALOGUE WITH THE SITE REPRESENTATIVES

different sites into families. With this debate over 300

To begin with, however, the juries — whose members, as

projects that are anonymous and still unranked, the

we have said, are independent of the municipalities —

juries and municipalities together can develop a shared

meet the site representatives in order to understand the

culture based on comparisons between projects drawn

issues and the questions that the local actors want the

from different jury shortlists.

competitors to answer. These discussions, which may

This Forum is always an opportunity for a multiplicity of

include visits when the country’s geography is suitable,

discussions at different scales, laying the groundwork

are very important. And although the municipalities do

and developing a new perspective for the second jury

not ultimately decide who will win, they give their opinion

phase.

on the projects they have studied and analysed from their particular perspective.

AWARD OF MULTIPLE PRIZES

In this second stage, the shortlisted ideas are ranked

10

A FIRST PHASE IN WHICH IDEAS ARE

and prizes are awarded to the projects considered most

SHORTLISTED

promising. Often, the juries meet the site representatives

The first stage in the assessment is for the juries to

again at the beginning of this final session, and ask

shortlist the projects that they judge to contain good

them which of the projects still in the race they favour.

ideas. In an open competition like Europan, many

However, this does not mean that the decision of

projects are either designed too quickly or do not

the jury will necessarily mirror the preferences of the

develop sufficiently strong ideas. The 13 national juries

municipalities. As experts, the jury members may rank

in Europan 14 therefore had the task of shortlisting

the projects differently. Europan juries are above all a

around 25% of the projects submitted.

place for debate between a group of individuals who

There were around 300 shortlisted projects (an average

are informed by local experts but represent the spirit of

of 7 projects per site), so the selection remained fairly

Europan, with its combined focus on the global and the

open. However, it can sometimes take several days for

local, ideas and processes, quality projects and modes

the juries to complete the task of weeding out all but a

of production. They know that these projects must

quarter of the submissions.

represent committed, emblematic positions, visions

The discussion at the start between the municipalities

based on the theme, and at the same time offer a

and the juries is very important. In some countries,

potential starting point for negotiation with local actors.

such as Germany or Austria, the projects are shortlisted

Within an average prize budget per site of €12,000 for

jointly by the municipality and the jury. Some of the

a winner and €6,000 for a runner-up, the juries have the

jury members travel to the sites and, with local experts

right to award several prizes per site and, depending

and officials, choose the projects that will remain in the

on the quality, within a different hierarchy from one site

competition for the 2nd assessment phase.

to another. So on one site there could be two winning

In other countries, such as France or Spain, the jury

projects, plus a runner-up and special mentions,

meets municipal representatives and listens to their

whereas on another — where the jury found that the

views on the submissions, before independently taking

quality of submissions was not as good — it might

their decision on which projects to shortlist.

award one runner-up prize and one special mention. Aware of the issues, juries have extensive freedom of

AN INTERMEDIATE EUROPEAN FORUM ATTENDED

decision. And in this second phase, all the juries adopt

BY MUNICIPALITIES AND JURIES

the same approach, i.e. comparing the proposals on

Since Europan is a competition procedure not quite

each site for the dual purpose of recognising the talent

like any other, after this first phase all the jury members

of young European teams, and of identifying projects

and all the representatives of the sites proposed for the

that are potentially strategic for the future of a specific

session, meet at European level for a “Cities and Juries

territory.

Forum”. The objective of this event is shift scales and,

Ultimately for Europan 14 — out of the 44 sites in the

through intense discussions, which for this session took

session — the 13 juries awarded 136 prizes, consisting


of 41 winners, 47 runners-up and 48 special mentions,

assessment is taken equally seriously.

i.e. an average of one per site in each category.

The juries are therefore a qualitative filter between

For the juries, a winning project is one that is innovative in

a large volume of submissions and a small number

itself and is at the same time well matched to its context.

of high-quality and innovative prize-winners. In all, in

A runner-up project will possess the same “double

Europan 14 the juries awarded prizes worth almost

qualities”, but will be judged by the jury to be weaker

€800,000.

in one of them.

Moreover, their responsibility is considerable, since it

And special mentions are often awarded to projects

is their task to ensure that the local site representative

in which the idea stands out, but the contextualisation

get teams capable of managing their ideas for the

is perhaps not sufficiently developed. It should be

time it takes to bring about urban, landscape and

noted that in this category the interpretation may vary

architectural change.

from one jury to another. For example, the Finnish jury

After the two jury sessions, their members often take

awarded 6 special mentions for 3 sites, whereas the

part not only in the prize awards but also in the initial

Dutch jury assigned none on 5 sites. This shows that

meetings between the municipalities and the winning

the “personality” of the juries obviously plays a role in

teams. They play the role of intermediaries in explaining

the choice of awards. However, it has been known for

their choices and organising the transition from a

a special mention project to lead on to an operational

general process to a local process.

process. A CHANGE IN THE FORM OF SUBMISSION? VERIFICATION

When the winning teams present their projects to the

The Europan competition rules are strict: anonymity

site representatives in the different countries — often in

is one of them, of course, but there are also rules

just a few minutes — the quality of expression and the

specifying the documents to submit and particular

clarity of the ideas is striking, especially considering that

methods of presentation. When an infringement is

the average age of these young teams is around thirty.

identified — apart from non-compliance with anonymity,

On the other hand, deciphering the ideas expressed in

which means automatic elimination — the jury is

writing in the submission panels is more complex for

informed and decides whether or not to keep the project

a jury, and not always easy to grasp beyond the initial

concerned. After the jury has reached its decision, the

interpretation of the “images” of the project.

envelopes containing the identity and the documents

Because of this, discussions have taken place in

proving the eligibility of the associates and team

advance of the Europan 15 competition, which will be

members (age, qualification, independence from the

launched in mid-March 2019. For this next session, it

sites and jury members) are opened and compliance

has been envisaged that, after the shortlisting phase, the

verified. There have already been cases where an

shortlisted teams might be contacted — anonymously,

initially prize-winning team has been eliminated for

using the random code assigned to each project — and

failure to comply with the rules.

asked to produce a short “film”, a few minutes long, to present their ideas in a lively and stimulating way. These

ASSESSMENT AS A FILTER FOR CHOOSING

films would be presented to the relevant juries in the

EXCELLENCE AND AS A NECESSARY METHOD OF

second assessment phase, before the final decision on

GUARANTEEING THE MUNICIPALITIES TEAMS THAT

the winning teams. This means that, in addition to the

MEET THEIR REQUIREMENTS

panels, juries would have access to a dynamic medium

Following this description of the objectives and

that may help them to better understand the intentions

operation of the Europan juries, it is easy to understand

of the authors, so that their decisions are grounded in

why the process takes time, especially as countries

more comprehensive information.

with few sites (a country may have only one site) and

It is very important that Europan should listen to its

therefore fewer submissions, have to follow the same

partners and be ready to adjust its procedures and rules

assessment timescales as those that have many (up

to keep pace with developments in modus operandi, in

to 11 sites and several hundred submissions). The

communication tools, and with the changes occurring

amount of work is not the same, although the task of

in architectural, landscape and urban design.

JURY SESSION IN NETHERLANDS

JURY SESSION IN NORWAY

11


E14 Juries

BELGIQUE / BELGIË / BELGIEN

DEUTSCHLAND - POLSKA - SCHWEIZ / SUISSE / SVIZZERA / SVIRA (ASSOCIATED)

The projects submitted to the Belgium jury concerned two sites with specific

In the German sites, the topic merely translates into “Housing plus X”. The key

and different characteristics: Huy and Tubize. Among the projects received

question was to define an adapted scale, allowing both for a tangible impact and

for Huy site, none presented all the required qualities to be designated as the

enough flexibility for the programs yet to be defined. The awarded projects are

winner. Nevertheless 4 of them had quite high qualities, however incomplete. The

facing this uncertainty with a good degree of realism, highlighting the importance

suggestion of the jury was then to work, together, with these 4 teams to lead to

of the ground floor as an interface and suggesting identity by the multiple uses of

a coherent and complete project unifying all the qualities. Among the projects

the spaces around. This creates a common ground, that will need a “New Deal”

received for Tubize site, two projects stood out significantly. The first one appears

between the actors to overcome the actual sectorial thinking, heading towards

as a strong signal for the entrance of the new district through the development of

sharing and interaction processes.

a high quality public space. The second one, much more traditional and easily financeable has high urban qualities and well thought public spaces.

Michael Rudolph, Jury Member, Architect and Jens Metz, Architect, Urban planner

Ghislain Geron, Chairman of the jury, Engineer-architect, Urban planner

12 URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER Fabienne HENNEQUIN (BE) — Engineer-Architect, Urban planner, SPI, Development Agency for the Province of Liège Josiane PIMPURNIAUX (BE) — Architect, Direction of Architecture and Urban

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER Jürg CAPOL (CH) In association with Europan Suisse — Architect, acquisition manager, Utilita Management GmbH Dr. Michelle PROVOOST (NL) — Executive Director International New Town Institute – INTI Almere, Researcher in urban planning history and contemporary

planning of Wallonia (DGO4)

urban development

Léo VAN BROECK (BE) — Professor, Engineer-Architect, Architect

Monika THOMAS (DE) — Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation,

of the Flemish government

Building and Nuclear Safety, department head Directorate-General B: Building,

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Alain CASARI (FR) — Architect, Urban planner Laura FALCONE (IT) — Architect, Due di Quattro, Winner Europan 11

Construction Industry and Federal Buildings

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Markus NEPPL (DE) — Architect, Partner ASTOC ARCHITECTS AND PLANNERS

in Sambreville (BE)

Ali SAAD (DE) — Architect, BA-AU / Bureau Ali Saad

Patrick GENARD (BE) — Engineer-Architect, Patrick Genard & asociados

Karin SANDECK (DE) — Architect, Bavarian State Ministry of Interior

Ghislain GERON (BE) — Engineer-Architect, Urban planner, Former Director

Hubert TRAMMER (PL) In association with Europan Polska — Architect,

General of the DGO4, V-P Europan Belgium

Teacher at the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture of Lublin University

Makan RAFATDJOU (FR) — Architect, Urban planner, Makan Rafatdjou

PUBLIC FIGURE Hervé JAMAR (BE) — Governor of the Province of Liege

SUBSTITUTES Jean-Michel DEGRAEVE (BE) — Architect, Urban planner, V-P Europan Belgium, Habitat-Concept Dominique PIETERS (BE) — Architect, Lecturer KU Leuven, Guest lecturer TU Delft

of Technology Prof. Anna VIADER (ES) — Landscape Architect, Professor at TU Dresden

PUBLIC FIGURE Socrates STRATIS (CY) — Dr. in architecture, Urbanist, AA & U, Europan Europe Scientific Council

SUBSTITUTES Michael RUDOLPH (DE) — Architect, Station C23, Winner Europan 8 in Kleines Dreieck (DE), Josef WEBER (DE) — Architect, Head of city planning department city of Erlangen


ESPAÑA

FRANCE

The jury has selected proposals which could point the way to innovative solutions

The four days projects selection turned out to be privilege moments for the experts,

and diverse answers to the issues raised in the context of Productive Cities. The

jury members and cities, and were filled with enriching lessons and debates. The

jury tried to discern talented teams whose projects indicated that they had the

stakeholders of the jury, were rather inclined to a sharing process: the selected

capacity to deal with the complex issues set by the site. This selection of the prize-

projects confirmed intuitions and revealed unexpected issues. This, is the

winning teams was the culmination of two days of debate and collective analysis

uniqueness of Europan: a productive process of values and ideas, reaching for

by the jury members and the site representatives who attended the Cities and

innovations and binding together the project and the stakeholders carrying it.

Juries Forum organised in Helsinki, where they met their European counterparts and where they could compare 14 Europan projects at the European level.

According to the results’ analysis, Emmanuel Redoutey, projects expertise commission coordinator and recorder of the jury in France.

Jury ES

13 URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER Kristiaan BORRET (BE) — Architect, Bouwmeester Region of Brussels Capital, Europan Europe Scientific Council Javier MARTÍN RAMIRO (ES) — Deputy General Director of Architecture and Construction, Ministry of Public Works (Ministerio de Fomento)

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER Pierre VELTZ (FR) — Engineer, Sociologist & Economist, Specialist of the organisation of companies and territorial dynamics, President of the jury Christian CLERET (FR) — General Director of Poste Immo (2007-2016), Président of the ADI Emmanuel DESMAIZIERES (FR) — Real-estate promotor, General Director of Urbanera, Bouygues Immobilier

Rafael PELLICER (ES) — Lawyer, CSCAE, Expert on issues of European

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

legislation

Lorena DEL RIO (ES) — Architect, Professor at the Cooper Union School of Architecture in New-York, Co-founder of RICA STUDIO. Runner-up Europan 12 in Wien-Kagran (AT) and Special Mention Europan 11 in San Bartolomé (ES) Mathieu GONTIER (FR) — Landscaper, Wagon Landscaping, Teacher at ENSP Versailles and Marseille, Special Mention Europan 11 in Neuilly-sur-Marne (FR) Luca MONTUORI (IT) — Architect, Associate Professor, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Dipartimento di architettura, Urban planning and infrastructure assessor in Rome. Jana REVEDIN (AT) — Dr. in Architecture, Researcher, Professor at Ecole Spéciale d’Architecture in Paris and ENSA Lyon, Founder of the Global Award for Sustainable Architecture. Myrto VITART (FR) — Architect, Jean-Marc Ibos & Myrto Vitart, Grand prix national

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Berta BARRIO (ES) — Architect, Estudi Berta Barrio Josep Peraire, Winner Europan 10 in Teruel (ES) Carmen ESPEGEL (ES) — Architect, Espegel-Fisac arquitectos, Ph.D Professor Madrid Architecture School Miriam GARCÍA (ES) — Architect, Landlab Director, Former General Director of Urbanism of the Region of Cantabria Zaida MUXÍ (AR/ES) — Architect, Ph.D Professor Barcelona Architecture School, Head of Urbanism Santa Coloma de Gramanet City Council

de l’architecture 2016.

PUBLIC FIGURE

Juan Lucas YOUNG (DE) — Architect, Sauerbruch-Hutton architects

Elisabeth PELEGRIN-GENEL (FR) — Architect and Urban planner, occupational Psychologist, Consultant on issues of space, work and organisation. Author of

PUBLIC FIGURE

several books about tertiary spaces, home and city.

Rafael DURÁ (ES) — Architect, Treasurer CSCAE, President COA Valencia

SUBSTITUTES

SUBSTITUTES Julio de la FUENTE (ES) — Architect, Gutiérrez-delaFuente Arquitectos, Winner Europan 9 in Selb (DE), Europan Europe Technical Committee

Laurent GIROMETTI (FR) — Head of the Direction de l’habitat, de l’urbanisme et des paysages, Ministry of l’Environnement, de l’Energie et de la Mer, Ministry of Logement et de l’Habitat durable. Represented by Hélène PESKINE (FR), permanent secretary of the PUCA of the PREBAT. Franck HOUNDEGLA (FR) — Designer, Design Teacher at the Ecole d’Enseignement Supérieur d’Art de Bordeaux Agnès VINCE (FR) — Deputy Director to the General Director of Heritage, in charge of Architecture, Ministry of Culture. In collaboration with Céline GUICHARD (FR), State Architect-Urbanist, urban and sustainable development project manager to the Ministry of Culture.


HRVATSKA

ITALIA

In this part of Europe, we are witnessing tourism metastazing into urban tissues;

The jury had collegial discussions during the two sessions of the jury. Among

historical towns are slowly being converted into tourist infrastructures. As the city

the 24 projects submitted for the site in Cuneo, the jury has showed a perfect

of Šibenik does not know how to properly handle this process, entries proposing

agreement on the choice of prize-winning projects. The jury’s methodology aimed

processes were chosen. In addition, the awarded entries acknowledged the scale

at creating a fertile ground for the implementation process foreseen in the area,

of the Mediterranean city and did not offer ready-made forms, but proposed a set

taking into account several comprehensive proposals of different approaches

of urban rules and a matrix that changes and adapts to different uses, but also

answering to the site problematic and to the general topic “Productive cities”.

includes the local community in a participatory process.

Thus, a concrete roadmap for implementation can be defined through a

Iva Letilović, Chairman of the jury, Architect

subsequent workshop. Carlos Arroyo, Chairman of the jury, Architect, Urban planner

14 URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Jens BRANDT (DK) — Architect, Urban planner, CITYBee

Lilia CANNARELLA (IT) — Vice-President Adjunct. Coordinator of Urban Agenda

Ingrid GOJEVIĆ (HR) — Head of Service at Croatian Institute for Spatial Development

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Prof. Tihomir JUKIĆ (HR) — Architect Teacher at the Croatian Academy of Engineering

and European Policies, at CNAPPC (National Council of Architects, Landscapers, Planners, and Conservators) Federica GALLONI (IT) — General Director, Art and Contemporary Architecture and Urban Suburbs, at MiBACT (Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism)

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Iva LETILOVIĆ (HR) — Architect, AB Forum Vasa J. PEROVIĆ (SI) — Architect, Bevk Perović arhitekti

Carlos ARROYO (ES) — Architect, Urban planner, Carlos Arroyo arquitecto, Professor at Universidad Europea de Madrid, Europan Europe Scientific Council

Zoran ZIDARIĆ (HR) — Architect, DVA arhitekta

Claudio BONICCO (IT) — Architect, Professor of Architectural and Urban Design

PUBLIC FIGURE

at the Second Faculty of Architecture of the Politecnico di Torino, Founder and

Ana ŠVERKO (HR) — Architect PhD, Research Associate at Institute of Art History Zagreb

SUBSTITUTES Borka BOBOVEC (HR) — Architect, Head of Sector at Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning Lulzim KABASHI (HR) — Architect, Ivanisin & Kabashi Arhitekti

partner of Studio74 Claudia CLEMENTE (IT) — Architect, Phd, ICAR/16 Researcher at the Faculty of Architecture of the Roma Sapienza University, Founder and partner of Studio Labics Ignacio PEDROSA (ES) — Architect, Founder and partner of Paredes-Pedrosa arquitectos

PUBLIC FIGURE Margherita GUCCIONE (IT) — Director of MAXXI - Museum of Modern and Contemporary Architecture, Roma

SUBSTITUTES Anna DEL MONACO (IT) — Architect, Researcher at the Faculty of Architecture of the Roma Sapienza University, Runner up Europan 9 in Reggio Emilia (IT) Paolo IOTTI (IT) — Architect, Founder and partner of Studio Iotti+Pavarani, Professor at the Faculty of Architecture of Ferrara


NEDERLAND

NORGE

The Europan 14 submissions have shown a lot of interesting research of the

The Norwegian jury of Europan 14 travelled in Norway for 3 days from North to

locations as well as very different spatial qualities. The entries varied from mega

South and experienced the magnitude and diversity of the Norwegian landscape

structures, superblocks to subtle infill’s of the urban tissue and strategies with a lot

and climate, as well as the roughness and complexity of the places involved. The

of freedom in development, acupuncture and “soft” programming approaches.

different skills and backgrounds of the jury members became useful in the effort

The range of possible outcomes differ from urban design guidelines, development

of trying to find the best entries for each site. In the end, the main discussions

strategies to small scale interventions in architecture or public space. The jury

focused on how to emphasize the delicacy and the sublime in some of the

had long collegial discussions to select the projects presented a uniqueness of

projects compared to entries addressing more realistic strategies for a step-by-

approach, relevance to the theme of Productive Cities and ability to contribute to

step development. The jury liked the openness of the dialogue with the clients

needs of Amsterdam.

during the process and was quite satisfied with the quality of the entries. Of course,

Jury NL

the jury would have loved to see even more boldness and even better design skills. Hilde Bøkestad, Chairman of the Jury, Architect and Head of City Planning Trondheim Municipality

15 URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Jürg DEGEN (CH) — BSP Planner, Head of Department of Planning

Hilde BØKESTAD (NO) — Head of City Planning, Trondheim Municipality

and Construction of City of Basel Mattijs VAN RUIJVEN (NL) — Hoofd Stedenbouwkundige, Stadsontwikkeling Rotterdam

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Gerrit Heinz MOSEBACH (NO) — Project Leader and Chief Architect in Dept. of Planning and Building Services, City of Oslo

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Kaye GEIPEL (DE) — Architecture Critic, Architect and Urban Planner, Berlin.

Tania CONCKO (FR) — Architect, Tania Concko Architects and Urbanists,

Editor-in-chief of the magazines ‘Bauwelt’ and ‘Stadtbauwelt’. Curator of the

Winner Europan 2 in Zaanstad (NL)

international Bauwelt Conferences 2014, 2015 and 2016 (‘Productive City’).

Ruud GIETEMA (NL) — Partner & Planner KCAP Ellen HELLSTEN (NO) — Architect, Ghilardi + Hellsten office, Winner Europan 7 in Oslo (NO) Bjarne MASTENBROEK (NL) — Architect, Director & Founder SeARCH, Winner Europan 3 in Nijmegen (NL) Olivier MEHEUX (FR) — Architect,TOA Architectes associés, Winner Europan 3 in Mulhouse (FR) Marlies ROHMER (NL) — Architect-Director at Marlies Rohmer Architects&Urbanists

Part of the Scientific Committee of Europan Germany and Board Member of the board trustees of the Schelling Foundation. Anthony ENGI MEACOCK (GB) — Architect, Assemble Studio, London. Co-leader at the Design Think Thank at the London School of Architecture Catherine MOSBACH (FR) — Landscape designer, Mosbach Paysagists, Paris. Visiting Professor at Harvard Graduate School of Design. Alexandre THERIOT (FR) — Architect, Bruther, Paris/Lausanne

PUBLIC FIGURE Gøril FORBORD (NO) — Business Developer, Trønder Energi, former director

PUBLIC FIGURE

at Technoport in Trondheim.

Mark RABBIE (NL) — Architect, Urban planner, Mark Rabbie urban concepts

SUBSTITUTES

SUBSTITUTES

Eli GRØNN (NO) — Architect, Dyrvik Architects, Oslo. Winner Europan 9 in Sion (CH); Runner-up Europan 11 in Oslo (NO); Runner-up Europan 13 in Irún (ES)

Rients DIJKSTRA (NL) — Architect, Urban planner, Maxwan architects+urbanists, Government Adviser on Infrastructure and the City, Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment (as per august 2012) Kamiel KLASSE (NL) — Architect, NL Architects

Maria RAMILD CRAMMOND (DK) — Architect, Tegnestuen Felt, Tegnestuen Vandkunsten, København. Winner Europan 13 Ørsta.


16

ÖSTERREICH

SUOMI - FINLAND

The three Austrian sites had different focuses on the topic “Productive Cities”:

In two of the Finnish sites, Helsinki and TornioHaparanda, the objective was to

Graz with its wide access road and the adjacent “in-between city”, Linz as an inner

create lively urban residential blocks along a busy road and to connect the urban

city site with relatively large emissions and Wien as an industrial area. This caused

structure to the nearby seashore. In the third site of Oulu, the goal was to connect

intense discussions and it emerged, that city planning without the implementation

a suburban area to the adjacent university campus and to create an identity for

of housing, as the driving force for urban development, is quite a difficult task to

the revived urban district. The jury found their evaluation work challenging and the

deal with. What kind of visions and strategies for future production are realistic and

entries provided a wide variety of solutions to the tasks. After a series of lively and

how should they reflect in district development? Maybe the only downside of the

inspiring discussions the jury identified the best entries each of which integrated the

entries was the lack of focusing on the organization of traffic flows and the quality of

current values of the areas as an essential part of the design. The new productive

public space, which should receive much more attention in such deprived areas.

city will link the place and its values.

Verena Mörkl (AT), Jury Member, Architect and Urban planner

Johanna Vuorinen, Vice Chairman of the jury, Architect

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Robert HAHN (AT) — Architect, Developer, Founder of Caelum Development, Head of project development Bauträger Austria Immobilien Katrin JAGGI (CH) — Architect, independent Expert in urban development, architecture and monument preservation, former Chief Architect of the City of Zurich, former Member of the Parliament of the Canton of Zurich

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Juha KOSTIAINEN (FI) — Senior Vice President, Sustainable Urban Development, YIT, Adjunct professor, University of Tampere Johanna PALOMÄKI (FI) — Architect, Master planning architect, City of Lahti

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Stéphanie BRU (FR) — Architect, Partner at BRUTHER

Riikka KUITTINEN (FI) — Architect, Partner at LUO Architects

Jens METZ (DE) — Architect, Urban planner, Director at Plattformberlin, Europan

Antti LEHTO (FI) — Architect, Partner at Serum Architects

Europe Technical Committee Verena MÖRKL (AT) — Architect, Urban planner, Partner at SUPERBLOCK, Member of the architectural advisory board for subsidized housing of Wien Municipality Ute SCHNEIDER (DE) — Architect, Urban planner, Partner at KCAP Zurich, Teacher at the University of Liechtenstein, Member of the advisory board of Campus Mainz

PUBLIC FIGURE Dieter LÄPPLE (DE) — Professor emeritus of international urban studies at the HafenCity University Hamburg, Advisor and Contributor of the “Urban Age Programme” of the London school of economics, Member and Co-chair of the scientific advisory board of the “Future Cities Laboratory” of the “Singapore-ETH Centre for Global Sustainability”, Co-initiator and Executive Member of “NesTown – New Ethiopean Sustainable Town” Ethiopia, award for urban culture of the architectural association (2007)

SUBSTITUTES Miriam LIŠKOVÁ (SK) — Architect, Winner E12 Wien Siemensäcker, Partner at SLLA Architects Michal SULO (SK) — Architect, Winner E12 Wien Siemensäcker,  Partner at SLLA Architects

Tina SAABY MADSEN (DK) — Architect, København City architect Martin VIDEGÅRD (SE) — Architect, Co-founder and lead architect at Tham&Videgård Architects

PUBLIC FIGURE Jon SUNDELL (FI) — Social entrepreneur in Helsinki, Founder of Made in Kallio

SUBSTITUTES Mikko NURMINEN (FI) — Architect, City planning director, City of Pori Johanna VUORINEN (FI) — Architect, Partner at Kangas&Vuorinen Architects


SVERIGE The Swedish sites had a number of significant characteristics in common: they were both very large, right on the waterfront and right on the threshold to the historical centre of their respective cities. All in all they represented tremendous assets for their municipalities, financially as well as strategically. The jury enjoyed very interesting sessions aiming at awarding proposals that excelled in very different aspects and presenting the municipalities with complimentary visions for their future development. Anders Olausson, Chairman of the jury, Architect

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER Fredrik Drotte (SE) — Architect, Head of City Development in Upplands Väsby Henrietta Palmer (SE) — Architect, Research leader at Mistra Urban Futures Tinna Harling (SE) — Architect, City planner at the municipality of Tjörn

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Iñaqui Carnicero (ES) (in part) — Architect, Principal at Inaqui Carnicero Architects Sabine Müller (DE) — Architect and urban designer, Principal, SMAQ Architektur und Stadt, Professor in urbanism at The Oslo School of Architecture and Design Anders Olausson (SE) — Chairman, Architect, Senior lead architect at Wingårdhs architects Sabina Richter (SE) — Landscape Architect, Co-founder of 02 Landskap

SUBSTITUTES Karl Zetterholm (SE) — Architect, Winner Europan 13 in Nacka (SE)

17


18

RESULT   


S

19


Productive Synergies at Urban/ Architectural Scales Didier Rebois, architect, teacher at the Paris la Villette School of Architecture (FR). General Secretary of Europan and coordinator of the Scientific Council. didier.rebois@free.fr Chris Younès, anthro-philosopher of inhabited milieux, professor at Paris’s Ecole Spéciale d’Architecture (ESA) and member of Europan’s Scientific Council. Founder member of ARENA (Architectural Research European Network). Founder and member of the Gerphau research laboratory, www.gerphau.archi.fr

20

The question of the productive city as applied to

cities, and hence ecosystems, the idea that everything

sustainable development relates to the work-in-progress

works together. How can parts work with the whole?

of bio-synergies. If symbiosis is about living together,

This is obviously a very critical question, relevant to

synergy refers to the active cooperation between

our current concerns about the production of inhabited

elements, the sum that is more than the parts, oikos that

environments, a question that leads on to the notion

becomes ecology. Often, we start with the synergy of

of ecosystems, of territories, of the landscape, of the

the arm or of the limbs, and finally of the body, as a first

region… and links directly with the issue of architecture.

example of synergy; these days, we also think about

In the mid-20 th century, in his book “The Great Transformation”, Karl Polanyi called for the reembedding of a market economy that had become “disembedded” from society as a whole, had become cut off. We of course see the effects of this in the contemporary city, and particularly in the question of the productive city. In the production of that functionalist, predatory modernism, in its over-consumption of resources, in its tendency to divide, to separate, to over-exploit, ecosystems and cities as ecosystems, has fallen by the wayside. Within an ecosystem, production reflects the interchanges and interactions between things, the way things work together. The science of ecology, with its recognition of the interactions and interdependencies between living organisms and environments, prompts us to look for other ethical

1

ways of doing things, ways of developing life-creating coevolutions and coproductions that take account of the vulnerabilities, the inequities and limits of resources, but also of what one sociologist, Chombart de Lauwe, called a “space of ideas”, i.e. the manner of situating problems and remaking the world. The contemporary city is at a turning point, and the productive city is at

1 — KARLSKRONA (SE), WINNER — A BLUE ENTRANCE – TO THE CITY IN THE SEA > SEE MORE P215

the hinge of that turning point, where it’s about making things work together.


2 — LA BAZANA (ES), WINNER — BAZANA GO! > SEE MORE P124

2

In aesthetic tradition, the idea of harmony between

As long as human beings relied on their own or animal

whole and parts long predominated. Whether in

strength, they were part of the processes and cycles of

Graeco-Roman or Chinese civilisation, the question

nature. They could only produce what the conditions

of harmony between the whole and the parts is

of nature allowed and natural forces (heat, rain, soil

fundamental: harmony of landscape, harmony in

composition, seasons, etc.) were an integral part of

life, harmony between things. Harmony was also

their production. On the other hand, all production

considered essential to the work of art. Many thinkers

could be recycled, through human consumption, or

take the view that we are now living in a post-

through consumption by animals and plants. There

harmony era, marked by dissonance and paradox.

was therefore a certain balance between production

In the hypothesised era of the Anthropocene, there

and consumption, with everything embedded in the

is an emphasis on the deadly impact of many

cycles of nature. It is this balance that the machine and

human productions and on the prospect of risks and

the globalised, monetised productivism associated

disasters, both natural and cultural, that lies before us.

with it have overturned, to the point that the issue of

To the point that a new field of resiliences is opening

waste and recycling has become critical. However, the

up for activation, to carry us through the catastrophes

synergy between nature and artifice is more globally

and help us bounce back.

the recognition of new conditions of co-evolution and

All this is part of the matter of architecture, of the city

productive co-rhythms between man and nature, both

and of landscape today. The challenge is to imagine

living (plant, animal) and elemental (water, air, earth, fire).

life-creating synergies that re-explore strategic, tactical

In the winning project in Karlskrona (SE), A Blue

or alternative urban design. How can we become part

Entrance – to the City in the Sea (fig.1), on a unique

of an evolving, situated whole whose contours are

site in the Swedish archipelago, the team proposes to

unknown both to the different stakeholders and to

restore this abandoned territory’s identity as a “city in

science? How do we deal with this reality? Improvise?

the sea”, returning to the roots of the establishment of

Cooperate? How do we devise life-creating synergies,

the city and its naval base. Here, water becomes an

synergies that are not deadly? These are the questions

element of urban space; and along docks, canals and

that we found frequently in the proposals presented,

quays, the architecture becomes interwoven with the

not only in the use of the word synergy, which we didn’t

sea, while accommodating to the risks of rising waters.

expect, but also in ideas that pursue collaboration

Water is also used in the winning project in La

between scales or between elements.

Bazana (ES), Bazana go! (fig.2), to bring resilience to

Six synergistic paths can be identified in the

the site, a former village built by Franco to keep the

winning projects in the 14 th session of the Europan

farmers in the countryside, but which has now lost

competitions, on the topic of Productive Cities,

its rural dimension. The team proposes to reactivate

interweaving ecosystem, territory, landscape, region,

it by combining agricultural production and industrial

city, neighbourhood…

processing, and by generating a hybrid territory, half urban, half rural. This relies on the use of the available

1 — SYNERGIES BETWEEN NATURE AND

natural resources, in particular the reactivation of the

ARTIFICE: CYCLES AND RESILIENCES

old irrigation canal that forms an active boundary to

While it has already been much talked about in relation

contain the city’s expansion towards the valley. And in

to the previous Europan theme, the Adaptable City,

addition to restoring agricultural dynamism, the aim is

we find the same topic again with the productive city

to steer the eye towards the landscape through light-

in the idea that the key question is our attitude to risks.

framed buildings that accommodate functions such as

It is the idea that the city needs to be resilient. How do

swimming pools treated by phytoremediation, but also

productive cities contribute to the resilience of the city

shade and cool, the revival of a vision of the forgotten

as a whole?

landscape.

21


3 — BARCELONA (ES), WINNER — IN FLOW > SEE MORE P111

4 — TOULOUSE (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — RE-SOURCES > SEE MORE P84

22

3

4

The winning project in Barcelona (ES), In Flow (fig.3),

city, where recapture means making the city more

proposes a strategy based on natural cycles and

habitable and less separate, hence more synergistic,

the improvement of existing resources, generating a

but without dissociating it from its exchanges with

“biological exchanger with other neighbourhoods in

other environments and trans-local scales. While the

the city”. To achieve this, the water from the Canyelles

global helps to prevent the local from withdrawing into

stream and the run-off water provide all the irrigation

itself, attention to the local is crucial in maintaining the

for the community orchards and for a new green zone,

vitality of diversities. The importance of reintegrating

a total 2 hectares of permeable spaces “with a variety

local production is directly a part of this and is widely

of tree plantations that help to reduce environmental

implemented. This idea of activating the porosities

pollution and to generate new resources for the district.”

between a place — the local, and other places — the

The concept of permeability at all scales turns the

global — is absolutely central. Ultimately, it is a “trans-

district into an intermediate space between city and

local relocalisation”, but one that becomes a condition

nature. This urban nature has a pedagogical role and

for the vitality of the project. Relocalising does not mean

the orchard, for example, is a space shared between

ignoring the whole, but rather focusing on a part of the

the two schools, which benefit from the production of

whole that has a value in its own right.

fruit and vegetables.

“…The problem of resources will be the primary question in the decades to come. After more than a

2 — SYNERGIES BETWEEN LOCAL RESOURCES

century of relative abundance, humanity is gradually

AND SUSTAINABLE URBANISM: RELOCALISATION

becoming aware of scarcity. Yet paradoxically, we

The term globalisation, which dates from the early

continue to exploit resources as if they had remained

1960s, referring to the spread of human activities

limitless, demonstrating our difficulties in altering the

across the planet, became more focused in the 1980s

way we live. Industrial zones and shopping centres

on the idea of a process of capital deterritorialisation.

are the best examples of conflicts. Their operations

This phenomenon came to dominate the market

are based on consumption, production and growth,

through multinationals in the form of unsustainable

on supply and consuming immense quantities of

development that prioritises a global economy to the

energy, particularly fossil energy. This system delivers

detriment of situated resources. The challenge is to

products from everywhere in the world to customers

devise other transactions, reconciliations, based on

who arrive in an urban environment where car use

the resistances and resources specific to each living

is often unavoidable. Paradoxically, there is no

environment. Some even employ the term diplomacies,

sustainable and sufficiently collective strategy for the

in other words the use of the resistances and resources

reuse of the thousands of tonnes of waste generated

specific to a place — hence a locality — as material

by the logistics and activities of these zones…” This

for the reinvention and recapture of the contemporary

is the analysis that underpins the special mention


project, Re-sources (fig.4), in Toulouse (FR). On a site

in the local scale. “Everything a region produces is

characterised by the juxtaposition of hypermarkets,

needed to make a productive city.” The winning team

shops, distribution centres, offices, road infrastructures,

proposes to rethink the relation between territory and

private plots and housing units in a non-sustainable

economy, so that the territory becomes the generator

economy, the winning team proposes to work with local

of an economy whose value and development

actors to generate a productive urbanism through the

is embedded in the local. The second principle

“preservation and production of local resources, of new

— “Destroy nothing unless you are sure of proposing

architectural and urban forms, the improvement of the

something better” — argues for the reuse of 100% of

site’s hydrological and geological systems, and the

the existing fabric, by devising new ways of living and

creation of a dynamic of redistribution, pooling, reuse

working. Finally, “Produce no waste and capture and

and recycling.”

store energy” is an incitement to mix functions, to reuse

Drawing on the ideas of the philosopher B. Stiegler,

materials, to purify water in the landscape, to produce

the winning project in Pantin (FR), Kintsugi or the

electricity with rooftop solar power, and to prioritise

“small mills” strategy (fig.5), predicts that tomorrow’s

green mobilities over the car.

city will be multiple and will outgrow categories such as industry, services and small businesses. It will be a

3 — SYNERGIES BETWEEN MOBILITIES AND

city that differentiates automated production to match

PRODUCTION

consumption objectives, one in which “conversely

The material of human settlements is made up of lines

everything that is not automated, that generates

of movement that run through inhabited environments,

meaning, surprise” will hatch a different productive city

creating links and forming connected constellations

“with the emergence of new places and programmes,

of fixed points. These lines of movement serve places

the extension of places of learning, the reinforcement

of production, of residence, of encounter, of leisure,

of the links between workplaces and public spaces”.

and finally trace links and form constellations that link

The team proposes to draw on the existing seedlings

homes, inhabited places, with the village, the city, the

(in particular those that mix production and culture)

region, etc. Green or active mobilities (pedestrian

to generate a process of aggregation and exchange

trails, cycle paths) linked with other faster modes,

between productive programmes around a network of

in particular improved public transport, but also

public spaces that form “an ecosystem of ecology and

digital mobilities, are unquestionably crucial to the

learning”.

sustainable development of contemporary territories.

The special mention project in Guebwiller (FR),

We are now seeing the emergence — notably with

Manufacture de terroirs (fig.6), is based on three radical

anthropologists like Tim Ingold — of a whole series of

principles that converge to produce an urbanism rooted

ideas on the correspondences between the lines of

5 — PANTIN (FR), WINNER — KINTSUGI OR THE “SMALL MILLS” STRATEGY > SEE MORE P223

5

6 — GUEBWILLER (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — MANUFACTURE DE TERROIRS > SEE MORE P213

6

23


movement of humans and animals, emphasising how

winning team’s proposal, Agora 4.8 (fig.8), seeks to

ever since human beings have existed and have built

restore shared meaning and shared spaces in order

settlements, the movements of animals have reflected

to encourage the city’s inhabitants to reappropriate the

their presence.

area. They begin by creating a new “agora”, a large

On the Eastern side of the ecologically significant

planted square that links together cultural, commercial

Helsinki (FI) site is Laajasalontie, a motorway that

and administrative life in order to give the neighbourhood

separates the city centre and the suburbs to the East,

an identity. This agora is located in the centre of a

creating a divide with the Western part where there are

remodelled network of streets and public spaces

possibilities for leisure areas. At this point, the city wants

that reconnect to the region’s transport systems with

to convert the motorway into an urban boulevard with

intermodal nodes linking the city to the wider territory.

new pedestrian links and a tramline providing rapid

For the team, the goal is to “make the city work better

access to Helsinki city centre, as well as to convert more

by remodelling and opening up the public spaces so

than 30 km of expressways. The aim is to reduce the

that they collaborate with its metabolism”.

number of cars and replace them with public transport,

Amsterdam Piarcoplein (NL) is a site marked by the

but also to take advantage of this downgrade to develop

presence of elevated motorways, which will remain,

lively neighbourhoods, which are partly “frozen” at

and surrounded by tall buildings and a big parking lot.

present because of the problems caused by these

It lacks an urban dynamic and is characterised above

motorways.

all by a strong sense division between its elements.

The winning project, Lateral Coalescence (fig.7),

The proposal in the runner-up project, Urban Platform

proposes the creation of two ports (one industrial,

(fig.9), is to insert a digital platform within this space

the other a marina) — linked to the city centre by

between two motorways, while introducing below them

two new roads — which will increase the density

a pedestrian/cycling trail, between built structures that

of the built fabric while preserving the surrounding

can accommodate a series of programmes.

woodlands and wetlands. Converted to a mixed use

24

urban boulevard, the motorway is interconnected with

4 — SYNERGIES BETWEEN MIXITY OF USES,

these new roads. Combining public and private uses,

PRACTICES AND URBANO-ARCHITECTURE

including production, the project offers real urban

Much stronger emphasis is placed today on generating

quality combined with sustainable mobilities, all directly

urban intensity through overlapping uses and practices.

linked to nature where before there was nothing but a

Large-scale geographical visions combine with micro-

peripheral landscape generated by the road systems.

spaces or promenades that help to increase the

The city of Platja de Palma (ES) is looking for ways to

potential of encounter: public spaces, cultural amenities,

transform a somewhat dilapidated mass tourism district,

services and production spaces work together, with the

Arena, into a lively neighbourhood for all residents. The

revival of vernacular traces that reflect the attachment to

7 — HELSINKI (FI), WINNER — LATERAL COALESCENCE > SEE MORE P177

7

8 — PLATJA DE PALMA (ES), WINNER — AGORA 4.8 > SEE MORE P141

8


9 — AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL), RUNNER-UP — URBAN PLATFORM > SEE MORE P158

9

10 — HAMBURG (DE), WINNER — IN BETWEEN THE LINES > SEE MORE P63

10

25

11 — KRIENS (CH), WINNER — DIE FABRIK > SEE MORE P71

11

place but also the importance of healthy living and urban

Mixed groups of craftspeople, creatives and residents

quality. Most of the projects in this session thus rely on

join forces to build user-centred spaces along the canal,

this synergy of uses to reactivate the contemporary city.

ensuring the community’s long-term stability.

How can urban regeneration projects offer affordable

The plan for the Kriens (CH) site is to convert an

workspaces in the city? Hamburg (DE) is not exempt

enormous factory, located in a peripheral area that

from the risks of gentrification, for example in the

has now become fairly urban, by both retaining some

Hafencity built on the traces of the old port. On the

production and introducing new production, but also

more suburban site proposed for the competition,

adding residential areas and urban amenities. The goal

the winning project, In Between the Lines (fig.10),

is to bring urban quality to the site, while maintaining

tackles this question with an innovative solution to

continuity with the historical ethos. The winning

achieve this goal, by linking spaces of production and

project, Die Fabrik (fig.11), retains a number of factory

a mixed community. Wilhelmsburg could become a

halls, converted to public spaces, and introduces a

neighbourhood in the productive city that provides a

stratification, with urban and productive activities in

long-term mix of uses with an interwoven community

the lower part, and flexible accommodation in the new

of different users. A new public square is the site of

upper storeys that can be used for both residential

a semipublic principal building that accommodates

and working purposes. The project thus proposes a

some of these mixed uses (a construction skills centre,

complexity of possible uses and practices within this

workspaces, cafes and bicycle repair). Other permanent

converted industrial structure.

buildings house productive and co-working spaces.

In the centre of Zwickau (DE), a city in which part of


12 — ZWICKAU (DE), WINNER — PRODUCTIVE UPDATE > SEE MORE P145

12

26 13 — GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS (FR), RUNNER-UP — TERRES VIVES, LES NOUVEAUX COMMUNAUX > SEE MORE P61

the centre was destroyed and then rebuilt with high-

by means of temporary or more durable communal

rise blocks, the winning project, Productive Update

third-spaces. Some of the proposals explore possible

(fig.12), proposes introducing multiple uses around a

scenarios in contemporary territories.

road axis. Through the construction of new typologies

The municipalities of Grigny & Ris-Orangis (FR) in

of workspace, housing and urban structure, this centre

the Southern outskirts of Paris have been shaped by

becomes a prototype for mixity and a laboratory of

urban zoning and the physical boundaries between the

new mobilities in a “car-free space”. Green production

different zones. The site is a gap in the urban fabric

systems enhance the quality of life and contribute to the

which, at territorial scale, is part of a wider natural

presence of resilient urban and climatic environments.

space, and ecological conservation is a key question compatible with the idea of developing a productive

5 — SYNERGIES BETWEEN PRODUCTION, PUBLIC

territory. The runner-up team explains that “in the Middle

AND PRIVATE

Ages, land that was not privately owned was considered

New forms of shared production can also be a way

common land, in other words land for all the inhabitants.

to prevent cities becoming fragmented into different

Every villager could use it.” Their project, Terres Vives, les

communities, even gated communities, so that

nouveaux communaux (fig.13), adopts this practice and

productive space acts as a connecting rather than

“revives the idea a collective right to the use of shared

separating force. We know how important urban

land”. Beyond family gardens, the aim is to make the

agriculture, in particular, has become, but also about

land available for production of all kinds. For the team,

the rise of digital culture, which is generating new

temporary uses, without land ownership, offer a new way

economies and new forms of sharing. It is noticeable

of developing cities. An institution called “living land”

in this session that there is a new preoccupation

heads a debate and supports the effort to find different

with the common, with the in-common based on a

possible partnerships for individual initiatives.

new commons: reviving a rural tradition of common

Oulu (FI) is the site of a big university that is

pastureland, the territorialist movements inspired by the

disconnected from the city and whose only links are

ideas of Ivan Illich and Alberto Magnaghi look for ways

with roads and nature. The question now is how to

to reactivate a circular economy with this communality,

create a university district that is not only a campus,


but a genuine fragment of city. The special mention

6 — SYNERGIES BETWEEN SCALES AND SPATIAL

project, The forum (fig.14), proposes creating a large

AND TEMPORAL RULES

intermediate space, conceived as a meeting place, that

The synergies that link part and whole raise the question

acts as a transition between the academic production

— not in a world of harmony, but in our world which is full

to the West and the day-to-day activities of the city to

of risks and question marks — of the need for projects

the East, the community, and the nature around them.

to work on the synergies between scales and between

The forum is a public space, but its perimeter can

rules in their production of space. The interweaving of

accommodate multiple private and public uses that can

scales and processes that lie at the heart of the Europan

evolve over time, support services both for the university

culture re-emerge once again within a perspective of

and the residential district, which consists of urban

eco-productive transition that accommodates the

blocks containing a mix of housing and productive

rhythms of production and processing over time. The

spaces. In Besançon (FR), the site is a large suburban

strategies required to work on the rhythms of nature and

zone with a motorway running behind it, which is home

of artifice are somewhat different, and working with the

to the university and a whole area associated with

existing fabric must include the capacity to speak of the

both knowledge production and operational research.

rhythms of production, the rhythms of process and the

Within these sparse components, the University has

rhythms of recycling.

offered Europan unoccupied plots for the design of

“Modularity, versatility and adaptability are prized

linking elements. The winning project, Jurassic Parks

features that need to be prioritised in an uncertain

(fig.15), contravenes the request, since its idea is to

and fast-evolving world. Diverse systems with many

create large public linking spaces. By interweaving

connections and scales are more resistant in the

public space, services and landscape, the project

face of external shocks than systems built simply for

aims to reconnect the sparse components, and even

efficiency....” Ken Webster, “The Circular Economy: A

to incorporate external urban and production elements

Wealth of Flows”.

into the “cluster”.

The site in Amsterdam H-Buurt (NL) in the Bijlmer

27

14

15

14 — OULU (FI), SPECIAL MENTION — THE FORUM > SEE MORE P139

15 — BESANÇON (FR), WINNER — JURASSIC PARKS > SEE MORE P115


district, is a place where the CIAM principles of the “triumph of simple efficiency in an era of stability” were originally applied, “but no one could have predicted that this would become an obstacle in terms of the diversity needed to foster resilience in an unstable era”. The winning project, Foam of Production (fig.16), attempts to introduce a different scale into this fragile site, by giving it the capacity to accommodate a new, agile and smart economy, founded on the circular principles of design for the long-term, maintenance, repair, reuse, repackaging, recycling and upcycling”. A proliferation of small and highly adaptable buildings are juxtaposed with the gigantic blocks built in the 1970s. Šibenik (HR) is a Mediterranean city located on the Croatian coast, which possesses a lively and attractive mediaeval centre where the local scale is palpable. The municipality has provided a site for the competition, a large abandoned industrial plot situated West of the centre. The runner-up project, Give me Five! (fig.17), proposes strips of buildings that follow the contour lines, connecting the layout to the topography and to the sloping landscape. At the same time, however, the team wishes to use these undulating lines in the land opposite the sea to discover the “human scale” that they see as characteristic of the historic centre. To achieve this, it proposes using “a 5 x 5 metres module 16

as the smallest element for human interaction. This can become a room or an open space, comfortable and familiar for one person or a small group.” Landscaped passages inserted between the strips provide space

28

for social interaction. A rule that balances public and private is imposed on landowners: “The more you build, the more public space you must provide.” Housing programmes must be combined with commercial and productive spaces to generate a city that is active throughout the year. Between these territorial and local scales, the project creates the conditions for the

16 — AMSTERDAM H-BUURT (NL), WINNER — FOAM OF PRODUCTION > SEE MORE P103

17 — ŠIBENIK (HR), RUNNER-UP — GIVE ME FIVE! > SEE MORE P228

17


18

29

18 — WIEN, WINNER — 3L’S FOR LIESING > SEE MORE P87

development over time — with what the team calls a

project in Wien, 3L’s for Liesing (fig.18), proposes a new

“predictable spontaneity” — of a fragment of city that

typology based on the threefold strategy of flexibility,

will coalesce out of the wishes and collaboration of

sustainability and spectacularity as qualities that can

its inhabitants. The site in Wien (AT) is an obsolete

guarantee industrial, organisational, cultural, social

fragment of a large industrial area South-East of the

and environmental values. “We combine a red L, highly

city, that wishes to regenerate by leaving behind the

industrial and containing logistics, with a green L, highly

model of warehouse lots, and creating links not just

“natural” and social, and a diaphanous container space

between industries and research, but also among the

potentially capable of linking them — the Lofts.

productive entities themselves.

All these projects in the 14 th session of Europan

“Just as Nina Rappaport wonders in her book ‘Vertical

— chosen from the 136 winning teams and projects —

Urban Factory’ whether vertical factories can again

explore ways to develop synergistic cooperations

represent sustainable solutions for self-sufficient cities,

between nature and culture, between local and global,

we share the idea that ‘reinventing the factory has the

between rural and urban, so that new eco-productive

potential to engage the public in the cycles of making,

opportunities can emerge. They form part of a forward-

consuming, and recycling needed to create a self-

looking dynamic focused both on better adaptations

sufficient city’”. To tackle this challenge, the winning

and on integrative alternatives.


From Produ to Productiv 30

What kind of Urbanity for the Logistics & Industrial Areas?

ANALYSIS ARTICLE: The Space that Looks at Us Kaye Geipel (DE) — chief editor of Bauwelt und Stadtbauwelt magazine and architecture critic

32

Alta (NO) Amiens (FR) Amsterdam Papaverdriehoek (NL) Angers (FR) Bègles (FR) Grigny & Ris-Orangis (FR) Hamburg (DE)

66 70 74 78 82 86

38 42 46 50 54 58 62

Huy (BE) Kriens (CH) Lille (FR) Lillestrøm (NO) Toulouse (FR) Wien (AT)


ctive Area e City 31

The contemporary city is divided between very active big box urbanism linked to all metropolitan networks and light industrial sites adjacent to city centres. They operate in isolation to their adjacent areas with mono-rhythmic uses. The challenge is to inject new economies that would generate synergies between uses, but also porosities resulting into poly-rhythmic urban milieu. How to develop common shared spaces between users of diverse activities as well as with the inhabitants of the surrounding areas?


The Space that Looks at Us ANALYSIS ARTICLE by Kaye Geipel (DE) — chief editor of Bauwelt und Stadtbauwelt magazine in Berlin, architecture critic, currently teacher at the UCY, University of Architecture in Nicosia (CY). www.bauwelt.de

32

THE PRODUCTIVE CITY AS A NEW FORM OF

A NEW CONCEPT OF YEARNING

MIXTURE — EUROPAN 14 AND THE QUESTION

For many decades, the modern functional separation

OF THE OPENING UP AND HABITABILITY OF

of the postwar city into residential and commercial

“INDUSTRIAL ZONES”

zones —a step which had been sealed by Fordism —

“The ‘exterior’ (…) which is foremost the place, the

had remained unquestioned. But in an era of digital

landscape, the environment, the topographic space

production, the arguments pertaining to urban health

that looks at us and which we look at in return.”

and sanitation that originally led to this separation

Luigi Ghirri, 1985 1

have become obsolete. When we encounter sites of

In one of his essays, Luigi Ghirri — the Italian

industrial production dating from the postwar era in

photographer and a chronicler of the societal upheavals

the contemporary cityscape, it is for the most part in

that took place in Italy during the late 1970s and

the form of fragmented spatial structures which have

1980s — writes about something he observed while

been deprived, at least to some extent, of their original

taking photographs. When documenting the radical

functional contexts. Now, the residues of the industrial

changes occurring in the urban realm along the edges

city are resurfacing as the siren calls of future urban

of some inner cities, he suddenly became aware

forms. Inherent in them are both the promise of the

that his surroundings returned his gaze. During this

future of the city as well as the new appetites of the real

period, Ghirri photographed urban sites of fracture

estate industry. Between functional mixture and social

and industrial zones he found concealed behind back

segregation, the productive city gives form to the new

walls in Emilia-Romagna, empty streets, factory gates,

yearnings of city planning.

chimneys, and machine halls — none of them used

Today, the term “productive city” emblematizes the fear

for their originally intended purposes: as productive

that through the transformation of urban Europe over

parts of the city (fig.1). As a consequence of industrial

the past 30 years into the service provision city, we have

change, they had become unusable, had been simply

sacrificed the very core of urban life. Undeniably, the

left to decay. For Ghirri, they posed the question of their

economic basis of the city has shifted from an industrial

future — they looked at him.2

to a knowledge economy. With its global financial

1 — FIDENZA © EREDI LUIGI GHIRRI

2 — HUY SITE (BE) > SEE MORE P66

3 — LILLESTRØM SITE (NO) > SEE MORE P78


5 — ALTA SITE (NO) > SEE MORE P38

4 — HAMBURG SITE (DE) > SEE MORE P62

6 — ANGERS SITE (FR) > SEE MORE P50

service industry, London represents an extreme: as a

ecological, economic, and spatial needs and to avoid

consequence of exploding land prices and speculation

playing them off against one another in legal venues.5

3

on office towers and luxury apartments, productive activity has been expelled so completely from the

EUROPAN LOCATIONS WITH URBAN PRODUCTION

city that even smaller craftspeople such as glaziers,

Among the 44 locations of Europan 14, approximately

plumbers, and carpenters have no access to the spaces

a dozen once served as sites of industrial production,

that would allow them to remain productive.

or still do so in the present: in Norway, these are

In many European cities, the process of city-centre

Alta and Lillestrøm; there are six in France, namely

deindustrialization is not nearly as advanced as it

Amiens, Angers, Bègles, Grigny & Ris-Orangis, Lille,

is in London. And currently, there is some evidence

and Toulouse; Amsterdam Papaverdriehoek in the

that we are already observing an about-face, away

Netherlands; Hamburg in Germany; Huy in Belgium;

from the “cultural turn” of the city in recent years and

Kriens in Switzerland; and Wien in Austria. For a number

towards the “material turn” of the city of the future.

of locations, the competition program contained precise

Current transformations in industrial production such

stipulations concerning which concrete utilizations will

as the emergence of urban manufacturing, networked

be present there in the future; it was a question here of

production, and co-working spaces, fab labs, and small

existing owners or users who would continue producing

factories in the recycling sector might well signal a return

on portions of the premises.

to urban industrial activity in small-scale, mixed districts.

For most locations, however, the program is essentially

Here, it is not a question of a return to earlier models,

open and heterogeneous, and requires proposals

but instead of a “search concept for the reinvention of

from participants for a mix of utilizations that at times

the city” (Dieter Läpple4) in whose context the question

approaches the adventurous. In Grigny & Ris-Orangis

of urban mixture is expanded now to encompass

and in Huys (fig.2), the aim of the program was to

productive functions as well. At the moment, the

explore ways of simulating the local economy in

chances for a new impetus toward mixed utilization look

conjunction with social innovation and densification.

good. The current sense of insecurity has the potential

In Lillestrøm (fig.3), Hamburg (fig.4), and Amsterdam

to stimulate new ideas, allowing urban manufacturing,

Papaverdriehoek, it was a question of striking a

assisted by digital modes of production, to develop

balance that would allow the intimate coexistence of

into a strong local element, thereby positioning an

contemporary industrial uses and residential functions;

explicitly local component alongside globalized urban

in Bègles, it was rather a question of strategic opening

economics flows. For this to be possible, however,

up of a large, mixed industrial premises at an attractive

the DNA of the city, its architectural and regulatory

riverside location. In Alta (fig.5), the slate industry had

structures, will need to change significantly. The

freed up an area in the vicinity of the fjord that would

Europan locations discussed in this text are in the

serve public urban functions extremely well; the owner,

vanguard of this development, which is observable

however, is primarily interested in marketing the land for

currently throughout Europe: zones used primarily

private housing development. In Toulouse, the focus is

for industrial uses are being opened up for additional

a gigantic study area where the town is simultaneously

utilizations — in particular residence. This also means

shaping its urban entrée while striving to bring together

that the housing question can no longer be considered

industrial zones that are clustered around a motorway

in isolation, but instead always in conjunction with

feeder road, along with fragmented residential districts

(already familiar) spaces dedicated to culture and

— a mammoth undertaking. Comparably extensive

(new) spaces for work: spaces for microeconomics,

is the program in Lille, with a study area measuring

for training and continuing education, as well as for

130 ha on the banks of the Canal de la Haute Deûle,

energy and urban foodstuffs production. This requires

while in Angers (fig.6), development is taking place on

the courage to tackle the unavoidable urban conflicts

the banks of the Maine and Sarthe Rivers. Amiens is

that arise from discrepancies between social and

concerned with the restructuring of a large historical

33


34

7 — KRIENS SITE (CH) > SEE MORE P70

8 — HAMBURG (DE), RUNNER-UP — DA/ -RIN -RUM -RUNTER -ZWISCHEN > SEE MORE P64

9 — TOULOUSE (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — RE-SOURCES > SEE MORE P84

10 — AMSTERDAM PAPAVERDRIEHOEK (NL), RUNNER UP — COLIVING > SEE MORE P48

industrial area on the banks of the Somme. The study

living space in Hamburg: “experiments” require time

area is “perforated” with a number of unused industrial

and are expensive. At other Europan locations where

areas and is looking for a connecting story of a mixed

the density in peripheral commercial zones is lower,

version of the Productive City. The point of departure

ensembles of small residential buildings and “villages

in Kriens (fig.7) is urban competition with nearby

artisanales” are grouped together that furnish a sense of

Lucerne; the aim here is to transform the halls of a

identity. Sometimes they are supplemented by collective

partially converted downtown factory into a city centre

green spaces and mobility stations, i.e. in Toulouse, in

with a singular character. In this group, only Wien is

the special mention project Re-Sources (fig.9), which

exceptional. The clients are calling for an experimental

assert themselves like islands within productive zones.

area for a “business mix” of the future without additional

In Amsterdam Papaverdriehoek, the runner up team,

utilizations or supplemental residences.

CoLIVING (fig.10), went even further, neutralizing the characteristics of the apartment to such an extent

ANTAGONISMS OF THE PRODUCTIVE CITY:

that floorplans can be transformed into apartments

INNOVATIVE WORKSPACES AND STANDARDIZED

today, workshop spaces tomorrow, and ordinary office

APARTMENTS

spaces the day after that. Here, only a certain density

Many Europan teams are exploring what happens

ensures urbanistic stability and a tight grid between

when residence is once again — as in the 19 th

multifunctional buildings, which at least promise an

century — situated in closer proximity to industrial

interesting street space.

facilities in districts characterized by mixed use.

Conclusion: such a close convergence between housing

Developed in order to accommodate new working

development and production sites — a topic that is

and production forms will be an entire spectrum of

to be discussed further when the theme “Productive

speculative responses. In many instances, coworking

Cities” is taken up again by Europan 15 — makes

spaces serve simultaneously as buffers for maintaining

conflict inevitable. Which prerequisites would allow

distance from disturbing production and as rendezvous

apartments to offer worthwhile qualities while being

points; they substitute for public spaces that are not yet

situated in direct proximity to commercial premises

available. Conspicuous here is the search for a greater

and small industry? One design grappled directly with

capacity for adaptation on the part of such industry-

the contradiction that characterizes the “productive

affined typologies, for example, the winner and runner

city” as a project definition. The special mention in

up in Hamburg. In particular the runner up (fig.8),

Lillestrøm, Fictions (fig.11), superimposed a cruciform

Da/ -Rin -Rum -Runter -Zwischen (Within, around,

superstructure consisting of elevated apartment

underneath and in-between) managed to manoeuvre

buildings across the entire industrial premises that

a series of persuasive solutions to accommodating

was scheduled for restructuring. Here, residence as

workshop spaces, small industry, workshops, and

ontological, primordial basis of city formation becomes

galleries into place within a block development. In this

a test of strength with the preexistent, a multifunctional

design, however, the apartment floor plans remained

version of the Plan Voisin with row houses where

conventional — and the same is true for the winner. This

residence looks over its shoulder and from above at

may be related to the enormous demand for affordable

the preserved industrial structures. This design brings


the unavoidable conflict between functions to a head,

beyond this. It has long since come to encompass

but at the same time reactivates the utopian promise

an entire arsenal of additional options through which

of modern mass housing development to provide

private enterprises and luxury residential districts can

public access to recreational and green spaces and

fence themselves off from the rest of the city. In a recent

the general availability of private ownership.

study, The New York urban planning office Interboro listed more than 200 strategies of exclusion, from street

DELIMITATION AND OPENING AS PARALLEL

closures to electronic access control, and all the way to

DEVELOPMENTS

legal measures. This demonstrates that today, multiple

In early 2000, one of the two large pharmaceutical

boundary demarcations are essential components of a

concerns in Basel pulled off a cheeky coup. Through

technological processes of urbanization, and that they

an urbanistic competition, the concern wanted to

function well for users and urbanites precisely by virtue

reconfigure the enormous company premises in the

of their impenetrable complexity.6

northern part of the city. The winner presented them with

The existing segregation of “industrial zones”, their

a chunk of “European city”, a system, open on all sides,

often historically-grounded insularity in relation to the

based on street grid and block perimeter development.

surrounding urban fabric, is one of the enormous

The paradoxical result of the design’s realization was

challenges facing the teams of E14. Many Europan

the complete fencing in of this territory, all the way

participants attempted to analyse and evaluate the dead

down to the Rhine River. The total privatization of urban

ends, blind alleys, and other spatial separations of their

land was presented via the rhetoric of an “urbanistic

respective locations and to supplant them with new,

opening”, a scandalous claim already in view of the

porous textures and linkages for users. In doing so, they

pitiless separation of the German and French parts of

had not just to create connections between inadequate

the city on this neuralgic riverside property.

public and social spaces, traffic/transport links, and

15 years later, the mechanisms of urbanistic segregation

green zones, but also to reflect upon the structural

that followed in the wake of the privatization of territory

features of production cycles that are shared by various

and buildings, and effected via spatial apparatuses

private owners, and to understand their impact on the

such as fencing and clearance areas, has gone far

praxes of public space. In Hamburg, for example, the winning team, In Between the Lines (fig.12) proposes intelligent breaks with and displacements from the urbanistic typologies of an already existent masterplan, through which a former industrial zone could also be opened up in a second direction for pedestrians, and moreover with view axes leading toward a former industrial canal. Larger locations require more complex responses; striking solutions involving parallel public and private layers were elaborated by the winning project in Bègles, La grande Mine (fig.13); by the winner in Lille, Ecoto(w)ne; and by the winner in Toulouse, Oeconomie territoriale. The architects of the design in Bègles characterized their concept as follows: “The productive spaces are now presented to be seen from the public space”, thereby positioning themselves in relation to the methodological tools that were introduced by Bernardo Secchi and Paola Viganò with their concept for a “porous city” for opening up formerly closed or inaccessible urban zones. Public space in peripheral districts must be conceived in fundamentally different ways from public space in city centres. It becomes an

11 — LILLESTRØM (NO), SPECIAL MENTION — FICTIONS > SEE MORE P81

12 — HAMBURG (DE), WINNER — IN BETWEEN THE LINES > SEE MORE P63

instrument of relationships between territories. As such,

13 — BÈGLES (FR), WINNER — LA GRANDE MINE > SEE MORE P55

35


it encompasses the significance for city planning of

of “urban industry”, “urban manufacturing”, and “urban

linkages between watercourses and irrigation canals, or

agriculture” — that is to say the three basic pillars of

is defined through new, integrated utilizations for public

urban production — were supplied by the participants.

route connections on hitherto entirely forgotten zones

This led to a to some extent amusingly broad palette of

— an example being the winner in Amiens, Cultivating

proposals, ranging from fishing to ecotourism to a large

the City (fig.14).

spa, as in the northernmost location of Alta. From the perspective of the exploratory activities of each town,

36

PROGRAMMATIC FUZZINESS: URBAN

this might have been helpful; regarding the chances for

PRODUCTION TODAY

participants’ proposals to attain implementation, a more

“Concerning this topic, perhaps the architects are to

precise program for Europan 15 would seem desirable.

begin with uncertain as to whether their proposals will

For the participants in Europan 14, there was also

really function.” Alain Maugard7

the question: How is digitalization transforming urban

At many urban planning competitions in recent years,

space? For when it comes to the theme of Productive

there has been much discussion of the necessity for

Cities, the new digital guidance elements intervene

a “mixed city”, without however any clear definition of

simultaneously in urban production on multiple levels.

what this encompasses in concrete terms. For the most

First of all, at the level of the manufactured objects

part, it meant in general additional utilizations alongside

themselves, which will be smaller and lighter, making it

residence in the areas of education (kindergartens),

possible to produce them in the future with less noise

public amenities (neighbourhood meeting points), or

and fewer machines, and will hence call for more flexible

consumption (cafés, restaurants). With the theme of

building types, as well as for spaces whose individual

Productive Cities, a certain fuzziness concerning the mix

areas can be configured with greater flexibility. And

of uses that is regarded as suitable for a given location

secondly, digital guidance intervenes as well at the

has only increased. Available today in many cities

level of the “conditions of production” within the urban

is new employment in the area of urban production

realm, which then affects the organization of urban

(“urban manufacturing”). According to the definition

districts, their energy provision, mobile connections,

that is customary today,8 urban manufacturing means

and possible forms of a local networked economy.

the production and processing of material goods in

On the architectural scale, there were a series of

densely settled areas, and as a rule, in close proximity

convincing responses — one being the winner in Wien,

to places of residence. Since the challenges with regard

3L’s for Liesing (fig.15), whose construction became a

to planning regulations and the anticipated utilization

connective infrastructure in the service of the concept of

conflicts are however for the most part unforeseeable

a three-dimensional factory. A comparably persuasive

for the cities issuing invitations, it was generally left to

green factory-machine was featured in the runner up

the participants themselves to arrive at a suitable mix

project in Bègles, Les machines urbaines (fig.16).

and to conceptualize business plans for the economic

At the overarching level of urban planning and

reorientation of entire urban districts. In the event that the

production conditions, the participants faced greater

users and owners who were already present provided

challenge when confronting what were in some

no guidelines, proposals for the precise proportioning

instances extremely large study areas, and their

14 — AMIENS (FR), WINNER — CULTIVATING THE CITY > SEE MORE P43

16 — BÈGLES (FR), RUNNER-UP — LES MACHINES URBAINES > SEE MORE P56

15 — WIEN (AT), WINNER — 3L’S FOR LIESING > SEE MORE P87

17 — GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS (FR), RUNNER-UP — TERRES VIVES, LES NOUVEAUX COMMUNAUX > SEE MORE P61

19 — BÈGLES (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — TOOLKIT CITY > SEE MORE P57


THE TRANSFORMATION OF CITY CENTRE ‘INDUSTRIAL ZONES’: THINKERS AND MAKERS

A number of years ago already,9 UN Habitat, a program of the United Nations, made the “Productive City” one of its central campaigns. The aim was the inclusion of that segment of the population that either came to be excluded from urban economic cycles in the process of the transformation of the city into a knowledge society, or else — as migrants — were never integrated into them in the first place. With the “reappropriation of industrial zones” in European cities, it is a question of who remains inside, and who outside. It was for this reason that in the course of the reactivation of inner-city industrial terrain, Kristiaan Borret, the Bouwmeester of Brussels Capital Region, coloured a large map with blue and red, which corresponded to the categories “makers” and “thinkers” (fig.18). With this distinction, he highlighted their shared significance for the future restructuring of the city centre canal zone. The distinction was also decisive for public debates because it put out of play the notion, virulent for a number of years already, that the “creative class” was the decisive tip of the spear when it came to the reactivation of urban spatial reserves. A series of competition participants employed the categories thinkers and makers, for example the special mention in Bègles, Toolkit City (fig.19). For the architects and planners of Europan 14, this perspective 18 — THINKERS VERSUS MAKERS — BRUSSELS © ARCHITECTURE WORKROOM BRUSSELS, 2016

of thinkers and makers meant regarding the “industrial zones”, with their total inventory of components and

responses were correspondingly tentative in nature.

forms, as spatial resources, and avoiding their selective

How can digitalization be deployed both effectively

compartmentalization. To define the productive city for

and critically in the transformation of such peripheral

the coming years means to comprehend the city, with

urban environments? To be sure, the firms behind smart

all of its components, on behalf of the population as

digital city technologies promise more effective forms

a whole, of all user groups. The productive city — the

of management when it comes to energy provision and

space that looks at us.

mobile connections — two themes of great importance for the opening up of “industrial zones”. For the most part, however, smart city firms are only interested in local systems designed to improve municipal communication between residents and temporally coordinated utilizations of public spaces to the extent that such optimization can be further commercialized. Meanwhile, the schisms that exist between improvements in the utilized area, the marketing of interests, and the screening of users remains unresolved. Among the few examples which consciously instrumentalize digitalization as the basis of the design concept is the municipal revitalization of building structures by the runner-up in Grigny & Ris-Orangis, Terres Vives, les nouveaux communaux (fig.17). Apart from the somewhat disconcerting proximity to the Chinese system of rewards for exemplary behaviour, this case demonstrates how, under the motto of the productive city, and taking advantage of the resources offered by digitalization, questions of social cooperation, with corresponding value creation for all, can be thought through further.

Ghirri, Luigi <1985> (2017), The Complete Essays 1973 – 1977, London: Mack, p. 91. 2 The photograph illustrated here, from the series “Il profilo delle nuvole” (The profile of the clouds) shows the crossing of Via Berenini and Via Carducci in Fidenza with the city centre industrial area to the rest of the train station. 3 Moore, Rowan (2015) London, “The City that Ate Itself”, in The Guardian, May 28, 2015. 4 Läpple, Dieter (2016), “Produktion zurück in die Stadt. Ein Plädoyer”, in Stadtbauwelt 211, p.22. 5 Geipel, Kaye (2016), “Stadt = Wohnen und Gewerbe. Stimmt die Formel?”, in Stadtbauwelt 211, p.20. 6 Interboro (2017), The Arsenal of Exclusion, Madrid: Actar Publishers. 7 The French Europan President during a discussion that took place on October 21, 2017 at the Europan Forum in Helsinki (FI) 8 Sassen, Saskia (2006), “Urban Manufacturing: Economy, Space and Politics in Today’s Cities”, in Erfolgreiche Innenstädte. Handeln - Koordinieren Integrieren. 9 http://mirror.unhabitat.org/categories.asp?catid=683 1

37


ALTA (NO) SCALES — L - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Alta

LOCATION — Bossekop

OWNER OF THE SITE — Alta Skiferlag AS,

POPULATION — 20,000 inhab.

Municipality of Alta

STRATEGIC SITE — 36 ha / PROJECT SITE — 9 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning Commission

Lise AMUNDSEN — Urban Planner, City Planning Department, Alta Municipality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The municipality of Alta wants to transform Skiferkaia into an attractive multifunctional, urban and productive seafront where economic and social development as well as sustainable processes interact and reinforce one another. The transformation aims at making the seafront more accessible to the public and it is perceived as a recreational area with functional connections to the local centre. There is as goal to develop the site in order to strengthen and create an urban structure that will contribute to a more sustainable local centre in Bossekop. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The specific aspect of productivity, applying here to the site, would be one that can interact with public and residential 38

areas, and also likely to reflect the history and the site as the main arena for the slate industry. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The intention of the municipality is to develop the site following the guiding principles and visions of the Europan results. Of course, in order to achieve these goals and intentions there are decisions that cannot be made by the administration of the municipality alone, but need to be clarified both on the political side and on the site owner’s side, regarding the investors and funds.


Tanca

ALTA (NO) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Pietro Colonna (IT), Architect

CONTACT — Pietro Colonna Architect, Sevilla (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Enrico Zetti, Maureen Soupe,

T. +34 674739429

Students in architecture

pietrocolonnaarchitect@gmail.com, www.pietrocolonna.it

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Located far beyond the Arctic Circle on

the banks of the Norwegian Sea, surrounded by the spectacular landscape of the fjords, the town of Alta hosts “Tanca” our Europan 14 proposal. More precisely, the proposal is located in the neighbourhood of Bossekop, which thrives on fishing and craftsmanship, especially on traditional carpentry and slate processing. The word Tanca means “large container for water or other materials”. Conceiving the town as a container of community synergies, Tanca hosts Bossekop inhabitants favouring the implementation of an alternative lifestyle in which social development is centred on co-operative models. It is based on a highly experimental acquaponic system combining fish farming and agricultural production in greenhouses around which the residential pattern develops. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a transformation

strategy that densifies Skiferkaia site in three phases. The proposal works with the connections to the water structurally and programmatically. The urban scheme works with connections to Bossekop, and it has a clear relation to the waterfront. The project suggests big variety of programmes and complementary programmes related to the seafront that aims for a productive profile. It focuses on a cultural, economical and environmental development that benefits entrepreneurship, knowledge-based industry and tourism.

39


Re-Meaning 40

ALTA (NO) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Héctor Termenón López (ES), Ignacio Pérez

CONTACT — Berlin (DE)

Anzola (ES), Pablo Menéndez Paunero (ES), Architects

T. +49 15751945812, g33arquitecto@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Transforming traditional industry in

urban synergies. Within the urban context of Alta, Bossekop and Skiferkaia have a relevant position as a gateway, since the city of Alta can be reached from the South of the country by road or exit or by the airport in Elvebakken. In any case, the potential to become an icon of social and economic activities in the urban context of Alta is considerable due to its easy access from the “City”, and its unique access to the sea facing the Alta Fjord. “Re-meaning” is transforming the seafront in a multifunctional promenade. The clear directionality of the architectural intervention is broken by the appearance of two main paths that cross it, a diagonal establishing a direct connection between the centre of Bossekop and the sea front, and another horizontal line linking the resulting free spaces between buildings. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The transformation strategy leaves much

of the space at Skiferkaia open, while the sloping terrain between Bossekop and Skiferkaia is densely built with student housing. The project proposes to transform the existing buildings at Skiferkaia, and it suggests adding new structures and buildings that define, together with the existing environment, the outdoor spaces. The proposed plan, with its openings and public spaces, caters to the seafront. The strategy of transformation leaves room to adapt, and shows a smartness in how it gives the existing buildings a new meaning.


Busy Bosse!

ALTA (NO) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Tin Phan (NO), Urban theorist, architect

CONTACT — Gattaca + collaborators, Oslo (NO)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Wai Fung Chu (HK), Architect;

T. +47 45030748

Eakapobh Huangthanapan (TH), Architect-urbanist

tin@gattaca.no, www.gattaca.no

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — This entry presents an urban strategy and

design proposal based on the understanding of social, economic and urban conditions. It raises the question; if production is relocated from urban areas to the peripheries, are we not at risk of losing qualities, intrinsic to production areas, such as social networks, working cultures, knowledge exchange between professionals? The proposal reintroduces production and reinvents Bossekop as a converging meeting ground for cross-cultural and professional understanding. The design is a mediation between existing and new facilities, and different types of interactions with the harbourfront. Furthermore, a plan is added to facilitate the beneficial social networks among the different citizenship, in the afterlife of the design proposal.

41

Hydro-Therapy

ALTA (NO) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Victor Maréchal (FR), Architect;

CONTACT — Paris (FR), T. +33 643415979

Maria Fernanda Serna (CO), Landscape architect

victor.marechal@co-pra.fr, mariafeserna@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — With its sub-arctic climate and the

seaside position on the fjord, the city of Alta may become an exotic and attractive city if it develops a symbiotic relationship between both tourism and maritime productivity. The project finds in the potential of the algae culture from the sea a way to propose a complementary program involving research (laboratories) and well-being (thalassotherapy). The existing quay is dug to welcome public baths facilities and becomes a recreational platform in front of the fjord. Alta´s seafront will offer a revitalized landscape shared among inhabitants, tourists and workers. It creates a holistic seafront system that uses algae to link production and recreation. The sea is not only a living environment but becomes a field of production linked to a productive district.


AMIENS (FR) SCALES — XL/L/S – Territorial / Urban / Architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Amiens,

LOCATION — Montières business area

Amiens Métropole, private owners

POPULATION — City 132,699 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study, urban

STRATEGIC SITE — 170 ha / PROJECT SITE — 25 ha & 32 ha

planning for the strategic site, project for restructurings

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Amiens and

of public places and architectural realizations

Amiens Métropole

Brigitte FOURÉ — Mayor of Amiens Jean-Christophe LORIC — Deputy mayor in charge of urban planning and housing 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main goals of the site mutation are the opening to the river and the development of a new link to the landscape, and more specifically to water. The idea is to spread the city centre to the West and reach the former Cosserat factory, which is an exceptional industrial heritage at the heart of the district. Reconquering the fallow lands of this area, which are true real estate opportunities, allows considering combining different functions in this monofunctional district. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

We want to develop new forms of production in order to reinforce the existing activity and allow intensifying the 42

production side of the site. For instance, water, which enabled the development of market gardening and industry, could be reconsidered with regard to current issues — such as food self-sufficiency, short food distribution networks and cycles, energy production... New functions, mostly residential, could progressively be implanted in the area. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The three rewarded teams are invited to present their projects to local actors (local representatives, inhabitants, entrepreneurs and owners…) Project promoters are already in and some of them are included in the process and others will soon be. The idea is to define a specific frame for a negotiated urbanism for the sector. This process will be orchestrated by the City of Amiens along with one or several of the three teams. Later, a program of actions will be elaborated in the short, medium and long term.


Cultivating the City, or the Lessons from the Worm AUTHOR(S) — Cléo Borzykowski (FR), Antoine Gabillon (FR),

AMIENS (FR) — WINNER

CONTACT — info@carlos-collective.org

43

Agnès Jacquin (GE), Adèle Ribuot (FR), Charlotte Rozier (FR), Landscape architects; Laura Castagné (FR), Architect

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Nowadays the soil is mainly a surface on

which the City lies and is no longer considered as an active resource for urban metabolism. The Somme administrative department has been shaped by its geological conditions. Topography, hydrology and soils have influenced regional morphology and development. Based on lessons from the worm, the project aims at bringing the soil back at the core of urban territory. It reconnects social, economic and ecological productivity in order to provide not only electricity and heat, but also calories and knowledge. PHASE 1 : RESTRUCTURING, DE-COMPACTING

The project focuses on simple, biologically oriented interventions. It is a regenerative infrastructure using the tools of the worm: perforate, link, diversify, re-scale and infiltrate. The soil project is not a master plan but a long-term process based on experimentation. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A proposal that is, in terms of strategy

and method, rich and innovative on several scales. Based on the principle of soil regeneration, the team’s proposal is doubly relevant ecologically and economically. The proposed concept of development, the “earthworm strategy”, is enriched by the sensitivity of a project that pays attention to nature and the landscape, based on the qualities and resources of the site. It responds to the PHASE 2 : NEGOCIATION AND IMPLEMENTATION

competition them with a particular radicalness.


The Awakened Banks 44

AMIENS (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Clémentine Caron (FR),

CONTACT — Le28 Architectes, Paris (FR)

Malik Darmayan (FR), Architects

T. +33 674170163, agence@le28architectes.com www.levingthuit-architectes.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The aim is to support the city of Amiens

in its desire to revitalize its image, its economic and touristic dynamism through the conversion of Montières activity area. Via the implementation of development and attractiveness tools, the goal is to create a new welcoming centrality while preserving the industrial and artisanal identity of Amiens’s history, pushing the psychological limits of downtown. The objective is not to plan a massive transformation by implementing a masterplan but to initiate a smooth urban transition. In order to settle in the site history structural elements, constituting its DNA, will be identified and valued. This backdrop must be accurately inhabited in order to structure a living neighbourhood where activities are located alongside housing and facilities, and around public and shared spaces. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A successful project that deals precisely

with site issues and offers a large-scale perspective. The proposal, with regard to the theme, inserts within the commercial zone a residential area, developing new forms of diversity between activity, housing and new venues. The jury particularly appreciated the proposal’s clarity, which accurately addresses the site issues.


Sédimontières

AMIENS (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Alexis Lecaplain (FR), Ondine Boutaud (FR),

CONTACT — Quimper (FR)

Anne-Gaëlle Elin (FR), Gaspard Vivien (FR), Architects

T. +33 680429225, alexis.lecaplain@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Sédimontières project offers a town

planning strategy through 4 phasing-in periods of the Montière area, all of which dealing with the surroundings development. Both the project’s temporality and spatiality have specifically been designed to accommodate to various uses in a versatile and sustainable city. This evolving structural guide sets out a comprehensive resilient perspective of the city through a gradual project mechanism. Pressure points are the first foundations of the project within the expanded site. These micro-actions operate independently or through a constellation of subjects, as they develop the area in partnership with the Alliance/Immochan and Orion/Step projects. As a geological mechanism processes, 4 steps of varying intensity deal with the territory at one time.

45


AMSTERDAM PAPAVERDRIEHOEK (NL) SCALES — S - Urban architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Amsterdam

LOCATION — Papaverdriehoek

OWNER OF THE SITE — Buro Amsterdam

POPULATION — City 835,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design assignment on

STRATEGIC SITE — 4.82 ha / PROJECT SITE — 0.15 ha

project site and urban design assignment for wider area

Sabine Lebesque — Department of City Development, City of Amsterdam. Investors Office for Housing/ Team Spatial Quality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The Papaverdriehoek is a small business/industrial area part of Buiksloterham, a transformation area on the Northern side of the IJ. Some changes of the Papaverdriehoek have already taken place, such as the start of De Ceuvel, a centre for sustainability, few years ago. Investor Buro Amsterdam owns some of the locations within the area and is, right from the start of this Europan competition, a stakeholder in the whole process. An initiative on their site could function as a kick-off and boost for the transformation of the whole area. At this hour, the municipality is working on the destination plan to decide density and functions in the area. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE

46

PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The municipality intends to keep a percentage of 50/50 for housing and productivity. Some of the small businesses can stay in the area and new ones can come. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

Investor Buro Amsterdam will give a study commission to start with the winners of the site. Depending on the capacities of the winners, they propose to collaborate with an established architecture office in Amsterdam. Buro Amsterdam recently got hands on the adjacent site, which opens the possibility to extend the Europan commission by inviting as well the runner-ups for a study commission.


Makers Neighbourhood

AMSTERDAM PAPAVERDRIEHOEK (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Alessandro Macaluso (IT), Architect-urbanist;

CONTACT — UP4, Stockholm (SE)

Carlotta Basoli (IT), Landscape architect; Andrei Deacu (RO),

T. +46 737399884

Urbanist; Giovanni Lavanna (IT), Architect

info@up-4.org, www.up-4.org

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our exploration starts from the tension

between high-density needs and the local self-built spirit. We see the area organised around 4 core principles: a density gradient, strong axis and flexible fabric structure, water access and view lines, and production and collective spaces (accommodating the themes of re/make - re/use and recycling - re/invent). We consider our collective spaces the glue that binds together the proposed work and living areas. The designed fabric has blurred boundaries with in-between zones, connecting elements on various levels. In the project site, the in-between buildings public space plays an essential role in the achievement of the overall strategy, where shared and collective hubs are a programmatic extension of the inner space. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project stands out by its clear, strong

urban strategy and its system of little squares functioning well as public spaces oriented to the sun. It is an intriguing structuring scheme leading to a beautiful urban scheme. This scheme shows a good gradient of density and balance in height differences and flexibility between firm guidelines and flexibility in the working out of the plot spaces. Instead of removing the existing productivity of the area, the project proposes to integrate these structures by stacking productivity and housing and by integrating existing uses.

47


CoLIVING - An open Neighbourhood 48

AMSTERDAM PAPAVERDRIEHOEK (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Vincenzo Tuccillo (IT),

CONTACT — Como (IT), T. +39 3923261634

Mariagrazia Panunzio (IT), Architects

vincenzotuccillo@hotmail.it

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Within an area characterized by a highly

fragmented ownership that implies bizarre plot shapes in the case of plots grouping, the strategy consists of occupying the edges with clearly defined forms and working on the generated voids as extensions of the collective domain. This principle could be freely adapted to different plots shapes and, on a wider level, these voids could be organized in a future network. In this first intervention, inner freed-up space is the living core of the settlement: conceived as a semi-public space, there are, there, highly differentiated activities taking place and discovering a fertile meeting point. With the aim of being an alternative to dwellings blocks based on the exclusive presence of nuclear families, there is also a diversified threedimensional mix of uses and typologies happens. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal is convincing due to its

strong, seductive (architectural) image. The jury sees its image as an intelligent statement for “marking” the area with a building which points at the opportunities for further developments. It is an intriguing development for the first site to start having an interesting concept system of closed courtyards to be developed in phases. This creates public space that is very introvert, and linked to the quality of the building itself. But this space does not link to the surrounding spaces, which is important for the overall functioning of the area as a whole.


ANGERS (FR) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

Angers, AURA (Urban Planning agency for the Angevine

LOCATION — North Saint-Serge – Gaston Ramon

region), ALTER (SPL Anjou Loire Territoire a public

Boulevard

development corporation)

POPULATION — City 151,000 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — private and public owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 180 ha / PROJECT SITE — 80 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — workshops, urban and/or

SITE PROPOSED BY — Angers Loire Métropole, City of

architectural study and/or project to initiate with partners

Daniel Dimicoli — Vice president in charge of housing and urban planning policies, Angers Loire Metropolis Roch Brancour — Deputy mayor in charge of urban planning and the organisation of the public domain, Local Councillor 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The aim is to strengthen the local economy by asking the entrepreneurs to be the stakeholders of change in order to make this territory lively and sustainable. The site benefits from a wide diversity of places and activities appealing to various answers reconnecting it to the urban and natural fringes as well as spreading out new uses accessible to the broadest public. It is about generating evolutions in support of an innovative approach of co-construction with economic actors, inhabitants and service users. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU 50

CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The industrial and commercial area of Saint Serge is exceptionally well located since it is part of the extension of Anger city centre and nearby the Maine River. Today it appears as a fragmented territory that has evolved, on an ad hoc basis, without coherence and understanding of the site as a whole, and is made of urban and architectural forms of the 1970s. The example of the National Interest Market (Marché d’Intérêt National), designed for being opened to the city and for integrating the management of the last kilometre, shows the important possibilities of evolution of the site. The reflections, led by the Grether team, are going to stimulate the experimentation potentials to reach new forms of urban and social diversity. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? The process is currently being defined. It will integrate conclusions resulting from the exchanges with the teams.


Positive Loops

ANGERS (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Solenne Sari (FR), Pierric Amella (FR),

CONTACT — Paris (FR), T. +33 638755088

Florian Camani (FR), Mathilde Luguet (FR), Architects-urbanists

contact@positiveloops.eu, www.positiveloops.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In response to the challenges of

climate change, we propose a sustainable approach to the area’s regeneration, inspired by the idea of circular economy. The goal is to reveal the site’s remarkable geography, its connections with the city and the Maine river. To do so, we identify the potential resources and stakeholders of the area, bringing together those with shared interests. Each initiative and project, whether public or private, must deliver urban and economic renewal, while improving the common good. This will be realized through mutually reinforcing cycles of positive change: the Positive Loops. Four loops are illustrated: the economy of recycling and reuse, a productive vegetation, higher land values through redesigned public spaces, new capable and adaptable structures. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal is coherent, comprehensive

and inventive with regard to the theme. The project provides answers to process and urban and architectural spatialisation. The work, combining new programme combinations and adaptable architecture, is rich and has great realisation potential. The urban aspects are assured and yet maintain a degree of flexibility and adaptability for the partnerships to be established with private actors.

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Les chemins de traverses 52

ANGERS (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Oceane Follador (FR), Architect-urbanist

CONTACT — Nantes (FR), T. +33 626515804

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Maël Clavier (FR), Architect

oceane.follador@gmail.com, www.atelierdespossibles.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project’s perimeter is a section of

territory perpendicular to the River Maine, including pavilions of Monplaisir, a massive shopping centre, Sheds of the MIN, sculptural site of ancient limekilns... The site recalls Jacques Prévert’s universe, made of impenetrable plots, improbable scale ratio, all combining with pieces of Anjou’s history. It turns out to be a passive cohabitation resulting of random movements of the city through times. “Les chemins de traverses” is a process project that uses public space as a support for the transformation of the site. The project is built around 3 transverse tracks, infiltrating the existing urban fabric. Their layouts, urban programming and modes of actions are built around three founding themes, experiencing the very essence of the territory: sharing, memory and uses. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A project with an approach that is sensitive

and attentive to uses and that relates to the site and its inhabited environment. A relevant response that creates areas of activity from voids, public space and pathways. It responds to the theme in a quirky way and considers the time needed to implement the project by questioning the value of interstices in a productive city.


Permacultures urbaines

ANGERS (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — David Palussière (FR),

CONTACT — Baltique, Rezé (FR)

Camille Tréchot-Jasnault (FR), Architects

T. +33 665953261, bureau@baltique.archi, www.baltique.archi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Saint-Serge Nord business area is

in a good economic condition. Consumers consume, companies buy, heavy goods vehicles circulate: trade and production are done. Yet the interest is falling: soils are depleting, productivity is falling. Like intensive agriculture, the area has reached a limit. It is high time for a transition to polyculture. As Angers aims at being a green pioneer city, the urban renewal of the city will find its vocabulary in the innovative sphere of agriculture: permaculture. In the manner of a garden, actions are often measured empirically, by trying. Around a large model site, engaging all stakeholders, the negotiation of the urban project will be based on a board game. A way of arising the unprecedented and producing meaning before producing anything else.

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BÈGLES (FR) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

with private partners: groupe ETEX, Poste IMMO

LOCATION — Sector Bègles Garonne, IBBA

OWNER OF THE SITE — private owners (groupe ETEX,

POPULATION — City 26,400 inhab.

Poste IMMO)

STRATEGIC SITE — 32 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — studies and projects,

PROJECT SITE — 6.5 ha + 4.4 ha

assisting project manager, urban planning and landscape

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Bègles, Metropolitan

architecture manager, mediation with economic

Bordeaux, EPA Bordeaux Euratlantique (Établissement

players, urban and architectural project to be arranged

Public d’Aménagement – public development corporation),

with the partners

Jean Marc GIPOULOU — Deputy Director of the Bègles Municipality Jean Etienne SURLEVE BAZEILLE — Deputy Mayor in charge of the Bègles Urban Planning Department Anne LAMBOURG — Bordeaux Metropolis 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The mutation of the plots of the sites of the paper mill and Coliposte aims at shaping the new face of the Southern entrance of the metropolis, offering more social and functional diversity in this district. Welcoming new economical activities must be compatible with maintaining current activities in this district, with the will to favour local services and with the arrival of new inhabitants. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU 54

CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The aim is to maintain the current jobs over time as well as to propose housing and local services. The mutation of the area must avoid any spatial gap between the city and the workplace. This new district will have to be fully integrated in its environment and the whole agglomeration, through the improvement of the public transport offer and the development of ecological continuities. The reorganization of the banks of the Garonne River or the conversion of the highway A631 will favour the connection to other urban projects nearby Bègles, but also from the docks of Bordeaux to Rives d’Arcins. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? The issue is to provide with a flexible piloting structure aiming at stimulating the action of different clients from the public and private sectors and at catalysing current funding. This approach will rely on the IBBA program — standing for Imaginer Bègles Bordeaux Autrement (Imagine Bègles Bordeaux Differently) —, a unifying and innovative concept of project management with communication and local consultation as key elements.


La grande mine

BÈGLES (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Jeanne Gerbeaud (FR),

CONTACT — Paris (FR), T. +33 688520394 / +33 679709357

Armelle Goyon (FR), Architects

contact@jagg.archi, www.jagg.archi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Great Mine project gives back to the

Garonne River its historic role as a goods transportation axis, and recomposes the quays facade with a new urban sequence for the city entrance. This way, the transportation’s noxiousness is limited, a green grid allows to see the production spaces and connects the neighbourhood to its surroundings. The Coliposte building is maximised. Ran by La Poste, it offers various workspaces as well as innovative services. The paper mill’s footprint is rationalized thanks to an iron-eliminating treatment system and to an optimization of the raw material storage. Between these two sites, which are hybrid typologies associating accommodation and work, take place in strips on the plots that have been progressively liberated. JURY POINT OF VIEW — An accomplished and very consistent

project that gives the Garonne back its logistical and productive function. It is fully in keeping with the theme of the competition and proposes a new vision of the site and the river, at the scale of the metropolitan area.

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MULTIPLE WAYS UNUSUAL

OPTIMAL STRUCTURE REVERSIBLE MINIMUM HEIGHTS

EXTERIOR PATHWAYS

ADAPTABLE TECHNICAL FLOORING

PRODUCTIVE SPACE

HIGH TECH FACADE

Bègles et les machines urbaines 56

BÈGLES (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Rosalie Robert (FR), Pauline Percheron (FR),

www.rosalierobert.com

Architects

T. +33 674953766 / pauline.percheron@gmail.com

CONTACT — T. +33 625027887 / rosalierobert.archi@gmail.com

www.paulinepercheron.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Bègles-Garonne area is defined

by large industries footprints, which have inspired the project to preserve and intensify the area’s singularity. If we draw each building as a factory, it can host any program. The mix of uses and interactions specific to the city are then condensed into a single construction: it is a Building-Machine. Industrial production coexists with other types of uses: offices, housing, public space and logistics.

MIX THE PROGRAMS

The outdoor space is freed from its social obligation. It is no longer a public space but a “free space” that nature can seize. The banks of the Garonne are free of all constructions and resume their primacy role of the expanding flood areas. This project highlights the capacities of architecture to act as a city. This architecture claims to be nonstandard and favours the

DEVELOP AN INVENTORY

adaptability of industrial superstructures. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A project manifesto that responds radically

to the theme. The jury emphasises its strength to question while developing innovative architectural proposals that can be included in the competition follow-up.

SPEAK NO LONGER OF PUBLIC SPACE, BUT OF FREE SPACE


Toolkit City AUTHOR(S) — François Lepeytre (FR), Hector Hernandez Carrillo (MX), Cinthia Aguirre Veiga (PE), Architects; Gaël Brulé (FR), Sociologist; Ernesto Apolaya Canales (PE), Architect-urbanist; Grégoire Alix-Tabeling (FR), Graphic designer

BÈGLES (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — Atelier CMJN – Paris/Bordeaux (FR), contact@ateliercmjn.fr / www.ateliercmjn.fr ; APU – Lima, PE/Paris (FR), info@apu.com.pe / www.apu.com.pe / ; Vraiment Vraiment, Agence de design de service – Paris (FR), contact@vraimentvraiment.com / www.vraimentvraiment.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Toolkit City is a pragmatic project of city

mutation combining an urban vision with a negotiation process. This combination is necessary in order to define how a city (housing, shops, public spaces etc.) can be accepted in an unwelcoming existing productive site that needs to be strengthened. This project is also the opportunity to imagine new synergies between the different actors in the production chain: the “thinkers makers – users” that we want to connect through a central axis. This axis of development, perpendicular to the Garonne River, would link the heart of Bègles to its River Bank and would provide the access of a metropolitan network of perpendicular axes to the river. The idea is to imagine how to favour future interactions necessary for the 21st century production.

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GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS (FR) SCALES — XL/L/S – Territorial /Urban / Architectural

partnership with EPFIF (Etablissement Public Foncier d’ile-

LOCATION — Terres Saint-Lazare business area

de-France, the Regional Public Real Estate Establishment)

POPULATION — Grigny 27,931 inhab. /

OWNER OF THE SITE — Cities of Grigny and Ris-Orangis,

Ris-Orangis 27,300 inhab.

CA Grand Paris Sud, private owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 150 ha / PROJECT SITE — 45 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban and architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Cities of Grigny and Ris-Orangis in

study, urban and architectural project

City of Grigny and City of Ris-Orangis 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The two cities have been growing separately, therefore the aim is to build a real urban continuity, which is part of the impressive landscape, allowing to re-think the administrative limit that is physically visible. The notion of productive territory is at the heart of the development issues of this urban area, the goal would be to anchor the site into the wider territorial dynamic and turn it into a productive entrance gate of Grand Paris Sud – SeineEssonne-Sénart. Finally, it would aim at asserting the attractiveness of these cities benefitting from exceptional service road and public transports. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU 58

CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? A productive city generates employment and welcomes new enterprises, educates, inserts population into the economic network, exploits local resources, glows and recreates value for a whole territory. The development of this site, in between Grigny and RisOrangis, should contribute to the renewal of the surrounding neighbourhoods, favouring more diversity between working groups and inhabitants. The issue is to structure an ecosystem favourable to economic growth, in every possible way, while preserving the ambition for this area to “act as a city”. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? It is the beginning of a process that should be able to define the trajectory for this part of the city. At the same time, the first concrete interventions should be developed through different forms, in the short term, like levers of a mutation and urbanisation that will fit in long term. Some Europan proposals are proposing ideas that could be examined more precisely at a wider scale rather than the scale of the Europan site only.


Coop-Work

GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Sebastian Morales Sotomayor (PE),

CONTACT — Paris (FR)

Architect-urbanist; Johana Salazar (PE), Diego Morales (PE),

T. +33 629723567

Elaine Sanchez (PE), Architects

atelier@ydea.archi, www.ydea.archi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Coop-Work is an urban project that

integrates a participatory co-management system applied to large housing complexes with urban and social degradation problems. The project seeks to solve the housing management problem of Grigny 2, a condominium of 5000 housing units, by generating new interactions among the inhabitants, technology, and urban facilities through a mobile application that allows users to participate in the maintenance and renovation work of the common areas of their condominium in exchange for reducing their high expenses. In this scenario, residents are the main actors in the enhancement of their environment, producing services for their own benefit that demand technical qualifications, encouraging them to seek specialized training. Associations, institutions and companies will participate by proposing new technical training and new facilities, creating a virtuous circle of productive activities that will increase the resident’s purchasing power and professional insertion, and will consolidate the social layer as well as improve the urban environment. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A remarkable proposal for the competition,

made possible by a real understanding of the site and its difficulties. The approach, entirely in keeping with the competition theme, explores how people can become actors in their environment and producers of their own services.

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Weaving Energies 60

AUTHOR(S) — Julia Lenoir (FR), Architect-urbanist; Frédéric Blaise (FR), Guillaume Duranel (FR), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Robin Apolit (FR), Wood engineer, specialist in renewable energies & methanisation

GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS (FR) — WINNER CONTACT — Alt, Paris (FR) T. +33 142457895 contact@alt-au.com www.alt-au.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Grigny and Ris-Orangis are already

investing in geothermal energy to renew their urban fabric. Our project aims at continuing investing in renewable energies to transform this territory. We have identified existing resources on the site. A part of these resources is already being used and another part remains hidden. Our project weaves two types of spatial actions to create the “Urban Energies Park”. The first type is called a Nod: a local action revealing and weaving a resource into the network of local resources pool. The second type of action is called a Thread: a physical pathway through the site connecting the surrounding neighbourhoods. To implement this transformation, we create an operational tool: the “Resources Platform” that serves three purposes: managing the resources, carrying land to help innovative companies and establishing a territorial marketing strategy. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal, guided by a relevant,

promising idea, is closely tied into the theme of productive cities. The choice of renewable energies is justified. It makes it possible to give an economic role back to this territory as well as a new local identity corresponding to site issues at stake.


Terres Vives, les nouveaux communaux

GRIGNY & RIS-ORANGIS (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Maia Tüür (EE), Yoann Dupouy (FR),

CONTACT — TU-DU Architecture Urbanisme, Paris (FR)

Architects-urbanists

contact@tu-du.fr, www.tu-du.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Beyond inhabited urban areas, between

the two municipalities, the site appears today as an interstice, as a leftover of the functional planning. In the Middle Ages, the land without private ownership, was considered as a common ground, a land for all the inhabitants. The project proposes to revive the idea of shared space for temporary uses beyond economical reality by creating The New Commons — a ground to all kind of experimentations of production. A gradual management of the land uses without land ownership opens a new way to develop the interstices in the cities and offers a possibility to link the “wasted” ground to its living environment. A central institution “Terres Vives” unites all the actors “concerned” and carries the ecological ambition of the territory. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A relevant approach, noted for the position

it takes on real estate, time and soil uses that directly address site issues. By constructing the project around common actions and shared uses, this proposal can lead to small-scale, on-site experiments related to a more fine-tuned spatial vision.

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HAMBURG (DE) SCALES — L/S - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — IBA Hamburg in cooperation

LOCATION — Wilhelmsburg

with the authority for urban development and housing

POPULATION — Conurbation 1.8 M. inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 26 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Realisation of buildings

PROJECT SITE — 2 ha

in a cooperative planning process

Kai Dietrich — Project manager at the IBA Hamburg 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The whole Elbinsel district is going to be developed by the municipal IBA Hamburg GmbH. The IBA takes over the complete procedure starting from the baseline study to the commercialization of the sites. Therefore the participatory urban competition, the qualification of the winning design, throughout the detailed plan, and the supporting creation of the legal frameworks are crucial stages that are being looked at, at the moment, as well as the infrastructure and additional communication measures. The E14 winners were Hosoya Schaefer (Zurich) with AgenceTer (Karlsruhe). At the moment the legal requirements are created. The detailed plan will be realized within the next years. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The area is legally considered as an industrial area. Historically 62

there are already industrial uses next to the housing on the Wilhelmsburg Island. The goal of the transformation, with a higher density and related to that a stronger programmatic connection of industrial uses and housing, should be promoted along with the development of the area. Following the urban integration of productive building ensembles (production and crafts in combination with living), attractive and easily accessible workplaces should be created. The productive energy should complement the offers of the Elbinsel district and should have impact across the borders of the city of Hamburg. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? There are plans for workshops with the awarded teams and an integration of the projects into the functional plan. Additionally an exhibition at the Ministry for Urban Development and Housing is planned in April.


In Between the Lines

HAMBURG (DE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Janna Hohn (DE), Architect-urbanist;

CONTACT — Jott architecture and urbanism, Berlin (DE)

Josh Yates (GB), Architect

T. +49 17632334959 info@jott-architekten.eu, www.jott-architekten.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We offer an innovative solution for

retaining affordable workspace in the city by tying production space and a mixed-use community into masterplans that often drive them out. It starts with a SEED; a new flexible public space and focus on identity, it is developed by an INCUBATOR; a permanent semi-public building that hosts co-working spaces and leads to a GROWTH as mixed groups of producers, creatives and residents are building out the sites along the canal. Key is a prototype for a new typology that will integrate housing, ateliers and productive spaces into one building with a “creative yard” as shared access and outdoor space. Wilhelmsburg can be a productive city quarter that ensures a long-term mix of uses and a diverse, integrated, community of different users. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The design offers an interesting

interpretation of the master plan through defining the blocks in three different typologies. It convinces as a result of its clear arrangement of different uses, in a building development that is in part described with very finely granulation. The row structure, for direct coexistence of living and work situated in the North, has an interesting structural framework of protruding building structures on the canal, small tower blocks towards the interior street, and connective blocks. Variations were developed for it row by row. The jury awarded this row typology a high spatial quality and good chances of realisation.

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Da/ -Rin -Rum -Runter -Zwischen 64

HAMBURG (DE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Paul Raphael Schägner (DE), Tobias Herr (DE),

CONTACT — PaulRaphaelSchaegner@gmail.com, www.PRSch.net

Robert Schnell (DE), Architects

Herr & Schnell Architekten PartGmbB info@herrschnell.com, www.herrschnell.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The design creates four urban blocks

with unique architectural qualities: special places and focal points of urbanity, where aspects of the productive, residential and cultural life interact and merge into symbiosis. Not a revolutionary, but an evolutionary densification develops productive urban role-models. A sensitive implementation preserves local identity and aesthetics, maintaining existing businesses and local residents and forging a functional and social mix. The different buildings contain a wide range of housing forms, public spaces and common yards for residents and producing creators. The diversity of architectural typologies, styles and scales shows the diverse community-mix towards the urban environment. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The design is custom-superimposed on

the framework planning and expands on it to include characteristic, individual building blocks. It offers diverse typologies for possible mixed uses within the blocks. It therefore facilitates a differentiated and interesting palette for development and negotiations with BauMren and investors so as to achieve the goal of a productive city. As a whole, the contribution calls to mind an interesting reinterpretation of block structures from the nineteenth century, which are often considered congenial. In particular the arc structure on the ground floor gives rise to an architectural framework that harmonises the desired diversity.


HUY (BE) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — Regional Huy Hospital Centre

LOCATION — Sainte Catherine district

(CHRH)

POPULATION — 21,208 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study to be

STRATEGIC SITE — 11 ha / PROJECT SITE — 1.51 ha

carried out of partial realization of the project following

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Huy

the relevance of the proposals

Joseph George — Deputy Mayor in charge of Territory and Urban Planning, City of Huy 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? While the city is currently developing along the Meuse River between the new bridge to the West and the nuclear power plant to the East, local authorities want to revitalize the NorthSouth connection. The Sainte Catherine district, in the South of the old centre, is decaying after the abandonment of industrial activities. The objective is to make it an attractive activity hub at the entrance to the city. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The town plans to redevelop the site (mainly wasteland), legacies of the deindustrialisation of metalwork and papermaking installations of the 19th century. The idea is to develop a residential neighbourhood there while installing economic activities too, and implementing 66

new ones related to the infrastructures of the existing hospital and residential home (under construction), bringing life to this new part of the town. It is therefore a case of reviving the memory of the place and exploiting its intrinsic energy to give the new neighbourhood an authentic identity around productive activities linked to a shared everyday life. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? The European jury wanted to distinguish 4 projects, each one presenting interesting solutions for the issue on the site, although none of them offers the qualities of a winning project. The choice was based on recommendations, suggesting to set up a workshop with the 4 teams with a view to combining efforts aimed at a new, joint project. We are currently examining the possibility of carrying this out.


Taking Care! AUTHOR(S) — Fabrice Rossi (BE), Architect; Elisa Baldin (IT), Architect-urbanist CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Bureau d’architecture Henri Garcia

HUY (BE) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — Bureau d’architecture Henri Garcia Saint-Georges-sur-Meuse (BE) T. +32 496038746 / +32 468381079 fr@hgarcia.be, www.hgarcia.be

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project aims at enhancing the inner

characters of the city by recovering the relationship with the Hoyoux, reinterpreting it as the landscape matrix of a sequence of urban events and public spaces, rediscovering water qualities both on the ecological and on the cultural level. The green house, the park and the new living spaces along the Hoyoux are conceived as new pro-ductive (from latin “pro-ducere”) spaces, in order to highlight the territorial features of the site and to reveal to citizens the river landscape and the local production as cultural elements of the city. The design proposal focuses on the renovation of the Thiry industry as a new productive unit for urban agriculture and on the housing reconfiguration in St. Catherine district through some site specific typologies of eco-buildings for an intergenerational community. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project tends to highlight the most

striking feature of the place’s identity: the backdrop of wood valleys along the meanders of the river. The project’s strength comes from the fact that this enhancement is not just restricted to the aesthetic dimension, but extends the reflection and propositions to mobility options and the accessibility of the site; to a hierarchical treatment of the branches of the Hoyoux River; to a programmed diversity that complements the one of the existing town; on a canvas of clearly identifiable public spaces, enhanced and understandable; and to ecological solutions in the fields of energy, landscape, water and environment.

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Île de Thiry AUTHOR(S) — Mark Marshall (GB), Architect-urbanist; James Daykin (GB), Francesca Crosby (BE), Architects; Pieter Ochelen (BE), Civil engineers-architect; Muriel Smeets (BE), Mechanical engineer; Wouter Bervoets (BE), Urbanist

HUY (BE) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — London (GB) T. +44 2034901727, studio@daykinmarshall.com www.daykinmarshall.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Thiry site lies near green hills however

it is located just a short walk away from the city centre: which corresponds perfectly to a 21st century ‘Garden Suburb’. This area of Huy was founded on the old Hoyoux River, and we propose to reinstate the water to form, what we call, ‘Île de Thiry’. This recreates a sense of place and provides production; hydroelectric power, land bio-remediation, irrigation, wildlife housing and reduced flood risks. The “island” becomes a landmark at the Southern exit of Huy since it would create an attractive new district, linked to the adjacent hospital, generating new employment opportunities, creation of business start-up and general growth of the city. Homes are designed for a range of people with the potential to study, work and produce locally. At the heart of the area sits the historic foundry building, reused as a 24h social hub and productive marketplace.

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Initiate Resilience

HUY (BE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Fanny Costecalde (FR), Benjamin Froger (FR),

CONTACT — fbg. coopérative d’architecture, Paris (FR)

Guillaume Wittmann (FR), Architects

T. +33 680827393 coop.archi.fbg@gmail.com, www.fbg-cooperative.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Huy was born from a geographic

singularity. A valley dug by a living water river; Huy has been conducive to industries’ development for centuries. The project is inspired by these features to identify development axis and to initiate a resilience phenomenon. The intervention sites tend to underline the importance of valuing the traces of an industrial heritage. The project redefines the relationship between town and valley by revealing the river, preserving voids, and densifying fringes, leaving wide open the evolution process of the site. This leads us to claim that a resilience process needs to be punctual, progressive, and careful to qualities and territorial anecdotes. This is an approach that needs to be initiated but does not have to end.


Urban Biotope

HUY (BE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Antoine Gentil (BE), Jeoffrey Lup (BE),


CONTACT — 
Liège (BE), T. +32 471724806

Architects

contact@collectifabri.com, www.collectifabri.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Like a biotope, a neighbourhood is an

environment in which a certain number of actors evolve, a balanced place of life that promotes social cohesion and offers the possibility of interacting with its environment. Here, it is about developing a space on the border between rural and urban, productive, source of employment and creator of wealth. The creation of South and North plot makes it possible to compose a central public space. These plots make it possible to value the different entities present on the site: industrial hall, mill, and river. In the North, there is the beginning of contact with the city and in the South there is the beginning of the rural character. The project is structured around a functional mixture of housing, shops, offices, culture, and education, re-qualifying the public space and offering collective spaces.

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KRIENS (CH) SCALES — L/S – Landscape / Architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — Hydro-Andritz Ltd.

LOCATION — Andritz-Area

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Direct selection of one

POPULATION — 26,858 inhab.

winning team, Workshop onsite with the rewarded teams

STRATEGIC SITE — 22 ha

to choose a team for the implementation phase or in case

PROJECT SITE — 3.5 ha

the site falls under public market regulations: Parallel

SITE PROPOSED BY — Disctrict of Kriens

study market

Thomas Lustenberger — Architect, Head of Planning and Construction Services 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The area, which has always been used industrially (machine factory with a turbine production) and is located in the centre of Kriens, is to be given a new, mixed use in the short to medium term after the partial outsourcing of production and retaining of the engineering according to the new owner. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? As a former industrial region, the area in the centre of the community can optimally be integrated into the topic of “Productive Cities”. We consider the goal of productivity on two levels: on the one hand, in the continuation or resettlement of commercial-industrial production, and on the other, in the creation of areas and spaces in the present 70

sense of the productive city with production, marketing and consumption in the mixed-use area. The challenge of mixeduse is the compatibility of the working utilisation as well as the living aspect. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? The community is in contact with the new landowner and has presented her with a schedule for the zoning and development plan over the next five years. In a first phase, in 2018, in the spirit of strategic planning, the ideas of the winning project will be materialised in a broadly based, cooperative process with all participants and affected parties, and interim uses and development strategies will be determined. Later, the planning intentions are to be anchored in a development concept and the change of the utilisation planning is to be initiated. Subsequently, the field-based implementation of the planning intentions can be materialised through subsequent competition procedures.


Die Fabrik

KRIENS (CH) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Konrad Scheffer (DE), Sarah Haubner (DE),

CONTACT — Office Oblique, Zürich (CH)

Architects

T. +41 787441179, info@officeoblique.com www.officeoblique.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — For the redevelopment of the Andritz-

Site in Kriens we propose to preserve and enhance its identity as a production site. The rationality of industrial production processes informs the spatial order with its new programs: a functional yet highly permeable layout that establishes an open frame for interaction. The ground floor houses a variety of workshops, exhibition and event spaces that encourage manufacturing businesses to make use of a shared infrastructure and benefit from public exposure. The upper floors house apartments will have varying degrees of collectivity, selforganization and simultaneity of living and working. As the design builds upon the existing layout, it offers flexibility in terms of phasing and architectural articulation. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The different building heights create a lively

skyline that fits into the surroundings. The visualisation presents the mesh of historic industrial and contemporary living spaces together with densified new buildings. By adopting the existing layout, the proposal has a high flexibility in relation to the gradual development. The complete densification, without being arrogant or autistic to the surrounding, does not leave outer spaces unused. Some of the open spaces are exposed creating a high development flexibility. Although there is a high density created, sensitive spaces with a public presentation of production are produced.

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Œcumène 72

KRIENS (CH) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Camille Cochet (FR), Clément Boitel (FR),

CONTACT — Genève (CH)

Florent Girelli (FR), Architects

T. +41 786472574, cochet.camille@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — How to offer back to Kriens its industrial

enclave, founder of the city’s modern era? By defining the conditions of an urban reconquest process, transforming the existing exploded private industrial island into a lively district. The aim is to introduce programmatic diversity as a regeneration power by structuring it around public spaces, which were not present in the industrial area. Using soil, and its archaeological history, is an anchor. The place must be rightly subject to this concept, explaining why the project is using old routes for the creation of plot divisions within the actual Andritz. A particular identity frame appears. It foreshadows new contours for land register where new landowners and productive activities will take place. The development of the templates remains open but regulated. We think this projects integration system sustainable. JURY POINT OF VIEW — By means of indicated program

assignment and architecture, the design allows multiple possibilities. The layout of squares and volumes and their development remain open. The concept proposes a first settlement to set the frame for future development of the empty and built spaces. The maps of the 32 analysis areas include the human being and they show relevant approaches in relation to identity and community building aspects of cohabitation. The design moves between abstraction and vision. The theoretical analysis shows a search for development principles.


Der Weissplan

KRIENS (CH) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Yony Santos (CH),

CONTACT — TYPICALOFFICE, Carouge (CH)

Nuria Fernández (ES), Architects

T. +41 0225355244

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Jonas Meylan (CH), Architect

office@typicaloffice.ch, www.typicaloffice.ch

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In opposition to the generic city where

empty spaces are composed of built volumes -Der Schwarzplan-, we are trying to put forward a model of a contemporary city where the built environment is composed of empty spaces. By using this strategy, we are trying to reveal and give back to the common good the diversity of collective spaces that are rooted in the industrial structure of the Andritz-Hydro area. Over time, this working city ought to become an example of sharing space’s industrialisation. Therefore, the modernist principle “Form Follows Function” must evolve into the humanist principle “Form Follows Public Function”. That is what we call Der Weissplan.

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LILLE (FR) SCALES — XL/L/S – Territorial / urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Lille, European Metropolis

LOCATION — Bois Blancs island, Boschetti peninsula

of Lille (MEL)

POPULATION — City 231,500 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Swimming pool Marx Dormoy:

STRATEGIC SITE — 134 ha

city of Lille, Boschetti-Silo: Métropole Européenne de Lille

PROJECT SITE — Swimming pool Marx Dormoy 7.2 ha;

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study, management

Boschetti-Silo 4.8 ha

of architectural and / or urban planning projects (public spaces, landscape) to be initiated with partners

Europan France 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The site is located in an undergoing major transformation area, in the West of the city, on the Canal de la Haute Deûle banks. On this territory, the presence or even the creation of economic activities on a “human scale” with diverse uses and social ties leading to a more balanced lifestyle becomes a real issue. One of the objectives of this competition is to bring to light a new type of urban and territorial development that reconsiders the sectorial and sometimes segregated organization of territories and reinforces a number of bonds and ties. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The productive city, without denying the quality of inherited 74

spaces (wharves, sheds and buildings), would be paving the way for a territorial reorganization where unique residential and working conditions and productive activities of all kinds (industrial, artisan, tertiary, logistics, trade) would be accommodated in a redesigned open urban space. And in the particular case of the site, water could be vector of urban development and production tool. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? The process will start with a presentation of the projects to the several stakeholders concerned by the site. Then, the various clients must articulate the proposals and correlate them with the timeframes of the ongoing and future projects. This is a work that teams could participate in.


And… And… And…

LILLE (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Adrien Coste (FR), Guillaume Vienne (BE),

CONTACT — Dunkerque (FR), T. +33 668759326

Architects

adriencoste.architecte@gmail.com, www.etetet-europan14.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our productive city of Lille is a collection.

A collection of five poles of excellence. A collection of universities and laboratories. A collection of volunteers, associations, inhabitants eager to produce. Collections. They interact. Some between their entities, sometimes between them, via a rhizome of connectors. The tree imposes the verb “to be”, but the rhizome has for tissue the conjunction “and ... and ... and ...” G.Deleuze And ... and ... and ... must be perceived as an inherent condition to the productive city: a space where the temporary and the error are allowed, where any project is possible, the rhizome being independent and superior to the sum of entities feeding it. Intensifying this rhizome, our project proposes to exacerbate the specific synergy of the European Metropolis of Lille. JURY POINT OF VIEW — An ambitious, relevant project both on the

metropolitan and site scale, with a strong understanding of both embankments, the link to the canals and the networking of nature spaces. The project is comprehensive and balanced, serving a clear and intelligible programmatic strategy.

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Écoto(w)ne AUTHOR(S) — Edouard Cailliau (FR), Thomas Lecourt (FR),

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Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Delphin Colin (FR), Landscaper; Romain Leignel (FR), Illustrator

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — An Ecotone is a transition zone between

two ecosystems. It describes the moving of edges in time and space. The edge, linear ecotone, becomes a transition point (and distance) between city and Deule. It does not oppose the two elements but makes them complementary. The different thicknesses in place form the “déjà-là” and constitute many situations in our project. By a fine work on the edge (where the ecosystem is the richest between the plain and the forest), the thicknesses of embankment are transformed on sequences to become a linear park. We form the emptiness by characterizing the limits. It is a process project in which the attention focused on the landscape allowing to act like a lever on the different scales, from the neighbourhood to the Deule’s embankments, and so to the people: inhabitants to walkers, tourists to craftsmen, researchers to families. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The urban planning part of the project with

its delicate insertions into the existing is convincing. With a good understanding of the urban scale, the proposal takes in the whole site including the embankments and introduces new activities in a non-invasive way. The process described is relevant as are the productive themes (arts and crafts and agriculture and permaculture making use of Euratechnology know-how).

LILLE (FR) — WINNER CONTACT — Studio Rijsel, Lille (FR) T. +33 645915469 contact@studiorijsel.com, www.studiorijsel.com


Urban Culture AUTHOR(S) — Clément Devignes (FR), Dominique Lerche (FR),

Guillaume Anrys (BE), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Antoine Muller (FR), Architect

LILLE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — cultureurbaine.urbanculture@gmail.com cultureurbaine-urbanculture.tumblr.com TAG ATELIER D’ARCHITECTURE, www.a-tag.fr GUILLAUME ANRYS ARCHITECTE, www.guillaumeanrys.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — XXIst century city, metropolitan site of

excellence. From the city that produces, we chose to approach the subject by the city that cultivates. The ambition is to create a new competitive cluster at the “European Metropolis of Lille” scale. It is a high place of research, teaching and experimentation, where it can be developed an autonomous, clean and fair way of living. Two strong polarities with specific architectures are developed on each side of the island, reinforced by a new network of waterways perpendicular to the main axis. On one side stands the “Standart” campus, a former silo, and creative halls, large-scale innovative spaces for students, craftsmen and engineers. On the other side is the “Marx Dormoy” swimming pool converted into a marketplace and type “2030” houses, a new way to develop mixed housing with workplaces and activities.

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LILLESTRØM (NO) SCALES — L - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Skedsmo, ROM

LOCATION — Lillestrøm, Skedsmo Municipality

Eiendom AS and Aspelin Ramm Lillestrøm AS

POPULATION — ca. 14,000 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — ROM Eiendom AS and Aspelin

STRATEGIC SITE — 200 ha

Ramm Lillestrøm AS

PROJECT SITE — 31.5 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning Commission

Ingvild Jacobsen Roald — Project-leader assistant, Aspelin Ramm Eiendom Lillestrøm AS 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? The goals are both established on the short and the long term. The site is still very productive today, and the industry here is not dying but is even expanding with more buildings. Thus, in the short term, the main goal is to find out how to open the parts of the site that can be used recreationally, and encourage the use of the waterfront trail. By making the waterfront more welcoming, people may increase uses and create a particular relation to the area. In the long term, this site and the area are major reservations for the city. Therefore, another goal is to develop strategic tools that can guide a gradual transformation of the site. This is not necessarily away from production, but maybe different types of production or even introducing more city functions that can be both residential and commercial. In a long perspective, the goal is to achieve a balance between production and city life, which is both economically, environmentally and socially 78

sustainable. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? Nesa is maybe more “Productive” than a “City” right now, but the area is located very close to Lillestrøm city centre. In the future, the Nesa area will become an integrated part of the city, maybe with other forms of production. The potential to keep it productive, while city functions enter also this area, raises a lot of interesting possibilities. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? Due to the nature of the production, there are both short and long term work to be done. In the short term, the development of the site is more about aesthetically improving the publicly accessible areas, as well as improving connections and links to Nesa North and Lillestrøm. In the longer term, one possible process to initiate is to create a guiding and flexible plan that can reach far into the future, and accommodate both current and coming needs.


The Living City AUTHOR(S) — Joakim Skajaa (NO), Cathrine Finnema (NO), Lisa Angelica Barahona (NO), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Oda Solberg (NO), Architect; Kristoffer Røgeberg (NO), Student in architecture

LILLESTRØM (NO) — WINNER CONTACT — SKAJAA Arkitektkontor, Oslo (NO)

T. +47 93204522 post@skajaa.com www.skajaa.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The goal of the project is to develop

a neighbourhood where modern manufacturing processes, contemporary workplaces and avant-garde housing projects come together as a sustainable alternative to suburban development. The proposal is conceived as an overall strategy for a development over a long time span, this allows for a long phase of prototyping. What kind of public spaces, workspaces, manufacturing plants and houses will be needed in the future? In the first phase prototyped solutions will serve as attractions to the area, making them known and preparing them for future adaptation. In the second phase we adapt the existing areas through new buildings and functions, mixing social activities with production. In the final phase the area will serve as a large-scale test for a modern settlement. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project works as a toolbox for the

transformation of Nesa. The project proposes a strategy consisting of 30 actions towards a productive neighbourhood, divided into 3 phases that finally gives a new mix of social activities with production and living at the site. It presents an overall concept for how the site can be connected to Lillestrøm with new infrastructure, strategies for programming and landscape features. The transformation process is based on a flexible and adaptable scheme that is open for a longterm development that can go in many different directions, and at the same time provides the client with concrete tools.

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The Techno Monks AUTHOR(S) — Charlotte Hansson (SE),

80

Christiana Pitsillidou (CY), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Luis Callejas (CO), Architect, landscape architect

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Corporate campuses are sterile urban

landscapes. Tech companies create buildings mirroring their own image. They tend to elaborate buildings as global islands and not as production commons of the place. The productive city is about an architecture and urban structure reflecting the technology behind the region’s growth, empowering citizens so that small companies can also have access to high tech equipment. By bringing small manufactures and co-working spaces into the core of dense blocks, it is possible to boost small manufacture economies, while making technology available to the smallest producers. We propose a model based on productive monasteries where the boundaries between production, display, occupation and living are blurred and do not depend on corporate branding. New occupants, considered as techno monks, are sharing the space among the robots. The landscape resembles picturesque life among productive animals. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project has both a formalistic structural

and programmatic approach. In addition to the two new structures based on two typologies references and combining a specific smallscale structure with a big one, the authors keep some of the existing buildings. Together, this becomes a hybrid and complex scheme combining different scales and structures in different zones. Smallscale arts and craft as the additional programme to the university and housing appear casually. The jury questions how the new proposed programmes are related to the existing context.

LILLESTRØM (NO) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — Oslo (NO) T. +47 47910677 lc@lclaoffice.com www.lclaoffice.com


Fictions AUTHOR(S) — Albert Palazon (ES), Architect

LILLESTRØM (NO) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — Barcelona (ES)

T. +34 620281228, albertpalazon@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Cities expand their existence through

years, decades and centuries. It is through this time-lapse process that multiple interventions, social, cultural changes and even technological knowledge overlap on the fabric of our cities, shaping their spaces and architectures. Our cities are complex and rich evidences of all human activity which one can read as a superposition of layers along time. The superposition of a radical new cross block structure entwined on the fabric of a preexisting industrial city in an area with plenty of social hidden dynamics and some outstanding natural potentials will define a fresh new urban landscape. The proposal tries to preserve the most of each of these three preexisting actors: nature, industrial legacy, and social activity; altogether framed by a new urban radical superstructure.

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TOULOUSE (FR) SCALES — XL/L/S – Territorial / Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Toulouse Metropolis,

LOCATION — Toulouse Metropolis + Cities of Balma,

Cities of Balma, L’Union and Toulouse, aua/Toulouse

L’Union & Toulouse

(Urban planning Agency of Toulouse)

POPULATION — Toulouse Metropolis: 748,149 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE —Toulouse Metropole,

STRATEGIC SITE — 5.3 sqkm

Cities of Balma, L’Union and Toulouse, private owners

PROJECT SITE — 42 ha + 38 ha + 44 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban and architectural

feasibility studies and/or project to initiate with the partners

Elsa Amadieu — Planning directorate, Toulouse Métropole Sandra Guerrero — Projects manager, Toulouse Métropole 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? As the site is quite large, the issues are manifold. The main goal is to grant this territory an identity. On the other hand a strong focus should be given on the transportation conditions and the slow mobility access. One last issue is the erase the visual gap created by the ring road and to make the city entrance more urban while valorising the ecological corridor of the Vallée de l’Hers. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The site represents many aspects of the productive city with: 82

Shopping, with a commercial centre on the ring road, as it was developed in the 1960s; Craftsmanship, with the Prat-Gimont sector; Service, of better quality, yet based on the monofunctional logic of a unit isolated from the urban context. What we are looking for is therefore coherence and meaning so that the site can become a true marker of quality mixed productive activity at the metropolitan scale. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? Meetings were organised with the owners and the commercial actors of the sector, during which we presented the Europan competition and the issues, but also tried to understand the different expectations. The Collectivity wishes to quickly gather the 3 rewarded teams together with the actors for a workshop to discuss the projects, confront the approaches and start an operational process.


Œconomie territoriale AUTHOR(S) — Lucile Ado (FR), Architect-urbanist;

TOULOUSE (FR) — WINNER CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Rocco Aziz Marafatto (IT), Architect

Perrine Frick (LI), Landscape architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Bordeaux (FR), T. +33 677784313

Alessandro Benacchio (IT), Architect

lucile.ado@gmail.com, www.platform-archi.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our project sets up a crossed approach

between urban design and planning, proposing tools for both. We looked at Toulouse metropolitan gate as a door opened to a wide and fertile landscape, looking forward to understand its ability to improve the current condition of this buffer zone. In this particular case, it is not properly a suburban area. Here in Toulouse, urban, commercial, industrial, agricultural and natural spots occur without creating a new urban condition. They CO-exist. Deeply enhanced inside this specific territory, the project aims at raising punctual strengths rather than applying a brand-new layer. Productiveness is seen as a resilient capacity to reduce, reuse, recycle, upgrade and reveal everything that is already there. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal is on the scale of both

the larger countryside and metropolitan area. It supplies a flexible framework for interventions on a complex site fractured by 20th century infrastructures and commercial zones. The strategy of concentrating interventions around major hubs to preserve and enrich a grid of open spaces and agricultural areas reformulates the idea of productive landscape and responds to the risks of urban sprawl. The themes proposed by the team provide a general framework for engaging in dialogue with the territorial actors by opening up several possibilities of intervention along different timescales.

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Re-Sources AUTHOR(S) — Antin Amiot (FR), Landscape architect; Geoffrey Clamour (FR), Julien Romane (FR), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Elise Triacca (FR), Architect Thierry Maeder (CH), Geographer

TOULOUSE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — Collectif Les Marneurs, Paris (FR) T. +33 616107755 contact@lesmarneurs.fr www.lesmarneurs.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project’s strategy proposes a rethinking

of the Balma-Gramont area of activity, exploring how resources can generate a productive and sustainable urbanism that are inscribed in the identity and geography of Toulouse and Lauragais. Based on the main requirements of the operation of the area of activity at differing scales, the project seeks to make resource and waste management the focus of a collective management strategy. The “Re-Source” strategy, which is part of a spatial project that uses a mesh of “added values”, connects the major geographical entities of the landscape of the Hers Valley with the landscape of the zone of activity and the landscape of the plain of Lauragais. The strategy establishes a dialogue between the different actors, which drives the preservation and production of local resources.

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The Anthill

TOULOUSE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Arnaud Jouanchicot (FR), Hélène Grosdidier (FR),

CONTACT — Le Pouliguen (FR)

Architects

alloheno@gmail.com, www.studioheno.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The anthill suggests, through a fictional

narrative inspired by La Fontaine French storyteller, an hybridization strategy for the Gramont commercial area. Some collaborative ants, mimicking the future residents and workers, invade the area to help the cicadas, representing the current retailers and shopkeepers. Benefiting from the strong attractivity of national companies, deeply settled on the site, and associating them with local and smaller activities, we are setting the stage for new inhabitants to create an “urbanized” district, always engaged in evolutionary process through local people efforts. The area is turning from a monofunctional place of trading goods and services, into a diverse and complementary way of living and working, negotiating step by step with current situations and involved actors.


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WIEN (AT) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Wien and Site Developer

LOCATION — Liesing, Perfektastrasse

OWNER OF THE SITE — Erste Group Immorent

POPULATION — 1,840,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Follow-up-step towards

STRATEGIC SITE — 6.85 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2.8 ha

arch. implementation

Volkmar Pamer — Target Area Coordinator Liesing Centre, Municipal Department 21, Urban District Planning and Land Use, City of Vienna 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION? Building site: Emphasis is put on a mixture of offices, production and industry, and on vertical mixture and multi-storey industrial buildings in respect of the existing surrounding businesses. The step-by-step creation of Ground floor activities is crucial to establish an interaction between the site and the surrounding. To ensure a certain cityscape, a mandatory building line and minimum heights are necessary (zoning plan). Creation of an attractive semi-public space: This enhancement can be supported by the installation of gastronomy and convenience stores. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE? The Vienna zoning plan (to be approved by the city council 86

in 2018) is a tool for steering certain intentions. In this zoning process, the goals of Europan14 are taken into account considering that business development takes place without housing. The zoning plan can only guarantee implementation of the programme to a certain extent. Accompanying work of the district management (Standpunkt Liesing) in accordance with the Dep. for Urban Development, the Vienna Chamber of Commerce and the Vienna Business Agency warrant the transformation of the existing industrial area into a modern, future orientated enterprise zone referring to the ambitions of the productive city idea. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN? The process started in 2011 by establishing a neighbourhood management in the industrial area of Standpunkt Liesing. After years of intense co-operation the relevant stakeholders were partners in the planning process called Liesing Lab. The “Erste Group Immorent” (owner of the E14 relevant site) intends to continue working with the winning team. The site will be developed in phases.


3L’s for Liesing AUTHOR(S) — Iván Capdevila (ES), Vicente Iborra (ES), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Jorge Luís Socorro Batista (ES), Architect; Marina Bonet Bueno (ES), Alberto Carbonell Crespí (ES), Agustín Morazzoni (AR), Students in Architecture

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We conceive Liesing as the LAB to test a

new identity capable of catalyzing a process of urban renewal that realizes the new paradigms of industry 4.0 in which ideation, design, production and leisure occur in the same place. This agonistic urban vision seeks to activate idle life in parallel to productive life. We propose a new typology based on the triple L strategy: the spectacular L + the sustainable L + the flexible Lofts. Playing with the “L” of Liesing as a characteristic image, we combine a red L, highly industrial and containing logistics, with a green L, highly “natural” and social, and a potentially capable and diaphanous container space between them, the Lofts. Playing with different placements of the 2 L’s and the Lofts a great typological and peculiar variety is achieved. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project is conceived as a flexible

system, whose conceptual code provides a high potential for Liesing. It is considered as a new branding for the industry zone and acts as a Flagship project for the whole area. The three “L” elements address the main strategic topics of the infrastructural core, the productive shell and the flexible platforms in-between them, creating a specific identity and unique functional characteristics. The flexibility and the productivity in the third dimension (vertical productivity) are deemed as one of the main assets of this project: it offers possibilities for diverse industry forms and thus is regarded as being adaptable to the industry of tomorrow with its diverse modes of production.

WIEN (AT) — WINNER Riccardo Galandrini (IT), Civil Engineer Architect CONTACT — PLAYstudio, Alicante (ES) T. +34 965923392 to@playstudio.es, www.playstudio.es

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potent-IAL 88

AUTHOR(S) — Blaž Babnik Romaniuk (SI), Architect CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Mojca Mlinar (SI), Rok Staudacher (SI),

Dominik Košak (SI), Students in architecture; Katja Saje (SI), Architect

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The current low financial value of land

for production uses (in comparison to housing for instance) is preventing the Industrial Area Liesing from developing into a highly productive centre. Therefore, the main objective is to determine, how the financial and functional appeal of IAL could be increased for productive and business companies. The changes in IAL should follow these urban and architectural measures to start off the development: improvement of efficiency through shared use of resources at an urban level (loading areas…); strengthening integration of all stakeholders, facilities and capacities to promote synergy; increasing density and diversity of uses through new building typology to improve sharing potential (joining previously unjoinable uses — noisy/quite, clean/dirty…). JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project tries to create common

synergies in-between the different programmatic elements, not only on the site, but also on the entire industry zone of Liesing. This strategic imbrication of scales is highly appreciated and is considered as having the capacity to change the quality of the whole area in the long term. The conceptual approach of efficiently distributing resources and integrating all of the stakeholders present is unanimously appreciated.

WIEN (AT) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — Obrat d.o.o, Ljubljana (SI) T. +386 41384764 blaz@obratdoo.si, www.obratdoo.si


From City to Produc    90

How to Create Vibrant Productive Districts with Craftmen, Makers & Local Production? ANALYSIS ARTICLE: The Software and the Hardware Carlos Arroyo (ES) — architect, urbanist, linguist and teacher + Julio de la Fuente (ES) — architect and urbanist Alcoy (ES) Amsterdam H-Buurt (NL) Amsterdam Sluisbuurt (NL) Barcelona (ES) Besançon (FR) Cuneo (IT)

98 102 106 110 114 118

La Bazana (ES) Narvik (NO) Neu-Ulm (DE) Oulu (FI) Platja de Palma (ES) Zwickau (DE)

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123 128 132 136 140 144


tive City 91

Every city would like to be diversified. Yet standard approaches to create “vibrant communities” summon an imagery of housing, offices, cafés and restaurants. But, is that enough? Shouldn’t we also instil liveliness in an existing neighbourhood by fostering productive activities? Could this option also be viable in the case of bedroom communities? What does production mean for creative- and knowledge-based industries? What economic balance is necessary to retain productive activities as the area improves and prices rise?


The Software and the Hardware ANALYSIS ARTICLE by Carlos Arroyo (ES) — architect, urbanist, linguist, teacher in Madrid’s Universidad Europea and member of Europan’s Scientific Council. He is the founder and director of Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos. www.carlosarroyo.net and Julio de la Fuente (ES) — architect, urbanist and co-founder of GutiérrezdelaFuente Arquitectos in Madrid. He is member of Europan’s Technical Committee. www.gutierrez-delafuente.com

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How to create a vibrant productive district with bakers,

immaterial debate to the most concrete definition

makers and local production?

of buildings. In an attempt to identify patterns and

Standard approaches to create vibrant communities

classify them we have produced a graph, acting as a

summon an imagery of cafés and restaurants, which

quadruple-axis measuring device (fig.1).

is fine, but, can we instil liveliness in an existing

The first scale is based precisely on the gradient from

neighbourhood by fostering productive activities?

software to hardware: the horizontal axis goes from

Can this be a more viable option in the case of low

the most immaterial to the most concrete proposals.

rent dormitory areas? What does production mean

Then, the vertical axis refers to market pressure. In

for creative and knowledge-based industries? What

some sites, the challenge is to attract the forces of

economic balance is necessary to retain productive

the market, while in others the challenge is to control

activities as the area improves and prices rise?

and guide these forces. It is easy to see that in the former, software solutions prevail; while in the latter,

The award-winning proposals, in sites where the

hardware solutions are the most relevant. The cluster

challenge is how to transform the existing city into

of proposals concentrates over the diagonal that results

a productive city, range from the most abstract and

from compounding these two dimensions. A third dimension examines the engagement of the proposals with the theme of Europan 14, Productive Cities. Some proposals go a longer way in combining production with living, leisure, and generally urban functions -the question of the session- while other proposals concentrate on the traditionally urban without a specific strategy for production. This is shown in the graph with the number of circles around each spot, with the larger diameter for the former, and the smaller for the latter. We could say that the larger diameter corresponds to the most pertinent answers in this session topic, while the smaller ones -being good solutions for the site- deal with other issues less relevant to the topic and raise questions for the next session. The fourth dimension is colour, defining the scope of the proposal. Some of them are injections or very localised interventions that may activate the context; other proposals aim at establishing frameworks for

1 — DIAGRAM TO IDENTIFY AND CLASSIFY PATTERNS

different interventions to take place; while a third


3 — LA BAZANA (ES), SPECIAL MENTION — 15MAY2026 > SEE MORE P126

from the domestic such as garages, sheds, to large infrastructural complexes such as streets, squares and forums. The tools to describe these proposals also show a corresponding variety, from the comic strip or an excel chart to the most precisely defined rendering. DEBATES

A comic strip is precisely the communication tool of choice for The End of the “Efecto Arenal” (fig.2), special mention in Platja de Palma (ES). Their first panel is a description of what they call Efecto Arenal, the mismatch between expectations and reality of tourism in the area, in a format that could be well used in a communication campaign by the municipality. The narrative continues to describe workgroup and meetings, different points 2 — PLATJA DE PALMA (ES), SPECIAL MENTION — THE END OF THE “EFECTO ARENAL” > SEE MORE P143

of view — ecology, identity, sociology — with a debating table at the centre of the panel. The storyline includes the award giving ceremony, with the team receiving the commission and developing the project; in this way, a specific proposal does emerge, in the understanding that it is fictionalized, and that the real proposal will be the result of a collective process. Twitter is the communication tool chosen by another team, 15May2026 (fig.3), special mention in La Bazana (ES), proposing a participatory strategy to build a self-

4 — LA BAZANA (ES), WINNER — BAZANA GO! > SEE MORE P124

managed model of small economic agents and the sustainable exploitation of natural resources.

group look at the potential of a narrative or aim at

These proposals describe a decision-making process

enhancing a characteristic element in the context.

and are very open with both function and design.

Potentials are more frequent in sites with lower market

The productive activity or business model that may

pressure, while injections and frameworks appear

eventually take place is not known at this point.

with a similar frequency in sites with a higher market pressure. Nevertheless, frameworks are more frequently

BUSINESS MODELS

associated with proposals giving a precise answer to

A business model describes the rationale of how an

the question of the productive city.

organization creates and captures value in economic,

We have also explored the sectors proposed by

social, and cultural contexts. The process of business

the teams, noticing that agriculture is a frequent

model construction is part of business strategy which

hypothesis with potentials; then, injections frequently

is understood as an open-ended process in some

include makers hubs and business incubators; finally,

awarded entries.

frameworks are more open, as can be expected for

In La Bazana, a rural context outside the metropolitan

this kind of strategy. However, the teams include

influence, the proposal is to look for new visions of

a variety of productive activities in spaces ranging

rurality to resist shrinkage. The winner Bazana Go! (fig.4)

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and the runner-up La Fábrica de Suelos (fig.5) explore

Pollution is no longer allowed anywhere, and production

alternative models to build a new prosperity, with an

can reclaim its space within the urban; the question is:

understanding of economic success based on solidarity

what planning strategies can be devised enabling an

and equality. Both reactivate the economy through the

urban mix to include the production?

development of the pre-existing potentials as a low

Foam of Production (fig.6), winner in Amsterdam

barrier to entry of a new economy: the landscape, the

H-Buurt (NL) draws its theoretical frame from the

market logics, and the local communities. A dynamic

phenomenology of spatial plurality described by

evolution is created around production of food,

Sloterdijk and Latour and sets a physical frame for

ecological equilibrium and recreation.

porous production spaces of interaction and mobility: a network of scenographies to celebrate how new agents

PLANNING

interconnect to existing ones, inserting the missing parts

This may sound obvious, but it is important to note that

of a circular economy: durable design, repair, reuse,

the invisibility of production in the contemporary city is

renew, recycle.

largely dependent on planning strategies. Mid-century

The idea of an open sequence of urban scenes is

agendas were not globally concerned by pollution at

also present in Places (fig.7), the runner-up in Platja

the planetary level, only at urban level, and zoning

de Palma. Connected elements rather than continuous

warrantied that all obnoxious emissions of production,

tissue, a succession of different uses understood as

be it gas, particles, fumes or noise, were relegated to

variation rather than fragmentation, and an openness

specific areas, far from what was considered urban.

to individual entrepreneurship within a common logic, are all hypothesized with remarkable graphics, as tools to open our imagery. NEW IN-BETWEEN

Interaction with public space has largely been dependent on commercial activity, shop fronts, cafes and leisure — but if the new paradigm of the productive city comes into the public stage, what new in-between spaces can be imagined, other than the nineteenth century cobbler on the sidewalk? What infrastructure, other than transport, can be made

94

visible on our cities? The winning project in Barcelona (ES), In Flow (fig.8), proposes an in-between productive landscape of water harvesting, food production, photovoltaic energy and 5 — LA BAZANA (ES), RUNNER-UP — LA FÁBRICA DE SUELOS > SEE MORE P125

biomass, while at the same time exploiting synergies between rural and urban, production and life: housing and workshops, crops and recreation. A landscape of outdoor cultivation and fitness circuits. The runner-up proposal in Oulu (FI), A Tale of Two Lakes (fig.9), is a literal intertwining of residential space, productive activities, and public paths, that challenges not only the sharp boundaries of zoning at the urban scale, but the very limits of the building and the public. The in-between is also the above and the underneath. ISLANDS

Some teams envisage isolated clusters within the urban 6 — AMSTERDAM H-BUURT (NL), WINNER — FOAM OF PRODUCTION > SEE MORE P103

7 — PLATJA DE PALMA (ES), RUNNER-UP — PLACES > SEE MORE P142

8 — BARCELONA (ES), WINNER — IN FLOW > SEE MORE P111

fabric, even making explicit reference to the island as a metaphor. In contrast with narratives of urban continuity,


9 — OULU (FI), RUNNER-UP — A TALE OF TWO LAKES > SEE MORE P138

11 — CUNEO (IT), SPECIAL MENTION — THE DIFFICULT WALL > SEE MORE P122

10 — CUNEO (IT), WINNER — GREEN IS THE COLOUR > SEE MORE P119

12 — NARVIK (NO), WINNER — ON REFLECTION > SEE MORE P129

it is possible to defend an urban connectivity of parts,

the site; the Northen wall is interrupted by a new

each of the parts small enough not to be considered a

entrance, reminiscent of the poikile wall in Hadrian’s

full continent. Elaborating on this, the old paradigm of

Villa, connecting this island to the adjoining site of a

zoning could be defined as fully separated “continents”,

new park.

while these clusters of production could be experienced

Still in Cuneo, the special mention project, The Difficult

as integrated in the larger urban context.

Wall (fig.11), explicitly characterizes the site as one

The winning team in Cuneo (IT), with their title: Green

of several islands along the main axis of the alpine

is the Colour (fig.10), advocates for the minimum

city. The proposed constructions within the site also

intervention, respecting the existing enclosure of the

behave like islands in turn, lightly linked together by a

former barracks, emphasizing the introvert shape of a

pedestrian loop, accommodating micro industries of

hippodrome as outlined by the mature trees existing

digital craft, agriculture and commerce.

on the site. Connectivity is ensured by means of gates

In Narvik (NO), the winning team, On Reflection (fig.12),

and doorways; two of them are more urban in nature,

incorporates a new volume of mixed use with a façade

flanked by buildings to accommodate the requested

to the park and another towards existing buildings,

program, and provide an East-West connection along

creating an enclosure, an internal square where it is possible to imagine exchanges between the knowledge industry and the budding enterprises that it may foster. HYPERDENSITIES

High-density provides a fertile ground for encounters, spontaneous social contact and creative crossfertilization, as some of the main ingredients for the next economy. These interaction environments create spatial-economic frameworks integrating productive activities -linked to the social agenda- into existing urban fabrics. The winning project in Alcoy (ES), Exposed City (fig.13), proposes a high degree of social and economic interaction through a network of productive and 13 — ALCOY (ES), WINNER — EXPOSED CITY > SEE MORE P99

residential programs, working on the friction between

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the regulated home space, and the “garage” as an

Connection between a campus and an urban area is

undetermined and independent space that may be

also the subject of Jurassic Parks (fig.16), the winning

available for youngsters to be entrepreneurial.

proposal in Besançon (FR), in this case prioritizing

In Amsterdam Sluisbuurt (NL), the winning project,

public and pedestrian transport along a line stitches

“Top Spin” (fig.14), anchors the productive activities

together the campus, suburbia, small industries and

in the gap between home and the public domain with

the city centre. It is a multiscale macro, micro, nano

a collection of shared maker spaces at the scale of

intervention, that makes use of landscape elements

the complex to promote innovation and spin-offs.

in one extreme, while attempting the domestication

Manufacturing is explored at domestic scale with mixed-

of existing infrastructures, roads and walls, creating a

use units, at block scale with rental “satellites”, and by

single geographical entity.

workshops in contact with a productive street at urban scale.

HYBRIDS

Both works increase the perimeter of contact with the

Technological innovation democratizes the means of

public space on ground floor to make the network

production, since manufacturing is rendered accessible

of activities more visible and permeable. New

to the masses and the boundaries between producers

opportunities to locate manufacturing again in the city

and consumers are blurred. These short-circuits are

arise from new techniques and clean energy issues.

an organic part of the public domain, a place to make

Production is again allowed to be visible.

money for and by the city. In Platja de Palma, the winner Agora 4.8 (fig.17),

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INFRASTRUCTURES

upcycles an existing facility building into a mixed-use

A number of sites requests a more infrastructural

artefact with commercial, facilities and maker spaces in

approach, calling for a provision of basic elements to

order to relaunch the main square as a unique spatial

serve a set of future constructions with functions yet to

frame for the next economy.

be defined. The elements may be within the scope of

The winner team in Neu-Ulm (DE), The Productive Heart

any of the sciences of the built environment, as it were,

of Neu Ulm (fig.18), also links new hybrids to the public

therefore relating to space and morphology as much

space at ground level, proposing a new centrality with

as to mobility, resources or utilities.

commercial, productive and residential programs,

The Forum (fig.15), a special mention in Oulu, provides

bisected by a bicycle line.

an infrastructural urban space that celebrates the

In Oulu, the winning project Kaljama (fig.19), offers new

void between the university and the residential area,

spatial policies with a collection of compact blocks

redefined as an oversize empty space that will be

for a better balance between living and working,

surrounded by the functions expected to emerge from

managing knowledge and education as the fuel of

the new relationship between the two realms.

the productive city.

14 — AMSTERDAM SLUISBUURT (NL), WINNER — “TOP SPIN” > SEE MORE P107

16 — BESANÇON (FR), WINNER — JURASSIC PARKS > SEE MORE P115

15 — OULU (FI), SPECIAL MENTION — THE FORUM > SEE MORE P139


17 — PLATJA DE PALMA (ES), WINNER — AGORA 4.8 > SEE MORE P141

19 — OULU (FI), WINNER — KALJAMA > SEE MORE P137

18 — NEU-ULM (DE), WINNER — THE PRODUCTIVE HEART OF NEU ULM > SEE MORE P133

20 — AMSTERDAM H-BUURT (NL), RUNNER-UP — H-BUURT MAKERS > SEE MORE P104

kind of manufacturing which adds value locally. The city as a factory reconnects knowledge, innovation and production, providing low-skilled employment, inclusiveness and social equity: a landscape for a circular economy. In Amsterdam H-Buurt, the runner-up H-Buurt Makers (fig.20), plans a diverse mix of middle-income residential buildings sitting atop a collective glass shed with affordable incubators of production. The shed is a space for clustered small and low-end productive units ran by neighbours and locals, surrounded by shared areas for distribution and logistics. The traditional court is now a central storage area. A short circuit community is established, and waste and energy loops are closed. In the winning proposal Productive Update (fig.21) in 21 — ZWICKAU (DE), WINNER — PRODUCTIVE UPDATE > SEE MORE P145

the city of Zwickau (DE), a series of programmatic infill vacant plots with additional elements to the

Innovative urban imaginaries and hybridization models

existing residential blocks that host a new economic

are linked to public space to create new forms of

tissue based on the knowledge and mobility industry,

making in town and a new common perception of the

with start-ups for fast prototyping and fabrication on

public realm, where distribution and production are part

demand.

of consumption. A warehouse can be as memorable as a civic facility is.

As a conclusion, a range of innovations, from political models to building typologies, is needed in order to

TYPOLOGIES

manage the new and shorter distances between

Demographic, cultural and social trends suggest and

production-distribution-consumption, as well as to

forecast that the productive economy will, in the future,

negotiate the interest of private owners, investors and

be strongly anchored in the urban fabric, including the

local communities in the circular economy.

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ALCOY (ES) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Alcoy City Council

LOCATION — North Alcoy. Al-Azraq Square

OWNER OF THE SITE — Alcoy City Council

POPULATION — 61,542 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Building project

STRATEGIC SITE — 4 ha / PROJECT SITE — 0.88 ha

Daniel Mullor — Architect of Alcoy City Council 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Find a solution for a long-standing issue in this city: an urban void in a strategic central location. Connect the North Zone, Viaduct and Expansion Districts via this node. The proposed transformation for the site is expected to find a solution to a historical problem: the urban gap generated when the Alcoy-Gandía railway terminus station, in operation until 1969, was dismantled. This space is in a strategic location and configures one of the three nodes of the city’s development strategy, facilitating the connection between the Zona Norte, Viaducto and Ensanche districts. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The main challenge here is to ensure a sustainable, integrated type of urban regeneration based on innovative criteria that encourages new patterns of urban development. This strategy includes the Al-Azraq zone as a core node for 98

innovation. In conjunction with the university (research) and the Rodes Technology/Cultural Park (development), it will help to position Alcoy as an innovative, productive city. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

We will contract the Project of the Interior Urban Plan for AlAzraq Square, envisaged in the Urban Development Master Plan, in order to achieve the most appropriate functional and design treatment of the land in the study area. What is now an urban void will be turned into a large relational zone that will respond to demands for necessary facilities in the area and help to shape the city within the framework of the strategy designed for this purpose.


Exposed City

ALCOY (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — María Langarita (ES), Víctor Navarro (ES), Architects

CONTACT — Langarita-Navarro arquitectos, Madrid (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Adrián Ubeda (ES), Mónica de la Peña (ES),

T. +34 915645984

Policarpo del Canto (ES), Architects

estudio@langarita-navarro.com, www.langarita-navarro.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Exposed City is the proposal to develop a

new Alcoy city centre. The project seeks to create a hot centre based on the possibilities of the productive city carried out on three levels: Territorial Scale: Geographical awareness and productive city skyline — An urban scenography is designed based on a sequence of terraces that will be used to create a productive valley that takes advantage of rooftops. Urban Scale: Producing diversity and intensifying exchanges and events — The strategic area is conceived as a series of urban stages designed to reveal and expand production, thought and exchange. Building Scale: Increasing contact and providing space for innovation — We propose to expand the perimeter of contact with public spaces, to make the network of activities more visible and permeable. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project proposes a new urban

centrality with a high density of uses, promoting a compact city on this site, which will be of great value for Alcoy. It is structured on three scales: territorial, urban and buildings. The project’s urban and thematic proposal is convincing. It will generate public spaces on an ideal scale for its environs and very well articulated urban valley geography. The programmatic proposal and the mix of type are convincing. It is easy to imagine its implementation in Alcoy, as it is highly adaptable to future changes of use.

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Estación Impuls.a 100

ALCOY (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Nacho Company Selma (ES), André Guiraud (FR),

CONTACT — Alicante (ES), T. +34 666722320

Paloma Ibarra Arias (ES), Quentin Gago (FR), Architects

Bordeaux (FR), T. +33 664443596 nachoarquitectura@gmail.com, www.pan.archi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project’s objective is twofold:

1 - to give visibility and support to the productive activities that are developed in Alcoy. 2 - to characterise and structure the area. Public space is the best chance to share and spread ideas. It gives visibility to the productive activities while these are used to revitalize the neighbourhood. For that reason, it is the cornerstone of the project: a great square, half open/half covered (Agora). The station comes up to recreate the original trains rails: a meeting place, with the wagons colonising the square to be used for all kinds of activities and embodying all the possibilities of this urban area. The program is organized around the Agora to spur creativity and relationships, thanks to flexible structures that guarantee an actual variability of use. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project proposes a new station that

commemorates the railway-related history of the site, where trains have now been replaced by knowledge and new economic activity. It generates a sequence of transition spaces with a good relationship between public spaces and new buildings by means of a roofed outdoor space described as a great agora, a meeting point for dialogue and exchanges. The project would still maintain its essence were deemed it necessary to reduce the proportion of built-to-open public space in order to improve its financial viability or simply as a way towards a better balance between the two parts.


Head in the Clouds

ALCOY (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Adrià Orriols Camps (ES), Sara Vima Grau (ES),

CONTACT — h3o, Barcelona (ES), T. +34 680108632

Joan Gener González (ES), Miquel Ruiz Planella (ES), Architects

hola@h3o.es, www.h3o.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Shelter for thought — It is a generous empty structure containing

an adaptable, neutral and comfortable space. It is also composed of an interior where there are sensorial and intellectual stimulation, human interaction and time conception articulating the scenario for thought and interchange, as bases for the innovative pulse. It is not a working space. It is not a conventional building. It is a screen, a common stage onto which individual ideas can be projected. Atmospheric artefact — A ceiling that defines an atmosphere. The building suggests and stimulates the unexpected, something simultaneously common and introspective. An umbraculum that generates energy. The building supplies its needs and provides a space for people experience and comfort. The creative plane — The topography becomes auditorium. The suspended fabrics define productive spaces. The forest delimitates a confortable microclimate. The water determines the atmosphere. The equipped spots supply the building with water, electricity and WIFI.

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AMSTERDAM H-BUURT (NL) SCALES — S - Urban architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Amsterdam

LOCATION — H-Buurt

OWNER OF THE SITE — Gemeente Amsterdam

POPULATION — City 835,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Assignment to make urban

STRATEGIC SITE — 36 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2.9 ha

design guidelines for the project site and urban plan

Sabine Lebesque — Department of City Development, City of Amsterdam. Investors Office for Housing/ Team Spatial Quality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The H-Buurt location is currently holding two parking lots buildings which will be removed by the City to make space for a new development. The rapidly changing housing market in Amsterdam is even influencing the poorest neighbourhoods like H-Buurt. But instead of changing every location into housing, here the intention is to make space for small production spaces, giving possibilities to start something up for people of the neighbourhood. This is combined with some housing. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Space for productivity is crucial in the empowerment of the 102

H-Buurt. This can be a mix of small offices, artisanship, catering, cars etc. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The local municipality, responsible for this site, is planning to ask the winners of the Europan competition to take part in the further development of the masterplan. The first steps will be to develop a phased strategy. The project will start after some political decisions that have to take place this spring.


Foam of Production AUTHOR(S) — Timur Shabaev (NL), Architect; Timur Karimullin (NL), Architect-urbanist CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Sofia Koutsenko (US), Architect; Maria Krasnova (NL), Artist; Kristina Knauf (DE), Urbanist

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The functionalist CIAM principles come

to life in the model city of Bijlmer, which exemplified the triumph of simple efficiency in times of stability. The movement could not foresee the heightened efficiency as impediment to fostering complex diversity needed for resilience in the unstable times to come. With our proposal, we aim to address the resulting undefined and fragile site by preparing it for the possibility of a new, nimble and savvy emerging economy. An economy built on the circular principles of long-lasting design, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling. The proposed project is organized in a porous irregular grid, parcelled for different scales of development. This strategy of parcelling will help to diversify the kinds of stakeholders involved in the development of the project site, providing different kinds of spatial experiences, and exploiting the various typologies’ proximity to each other. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The plan is interesting as it proposes a

solution functioning at different scales and with different typologies, with a clear and well-defined collective space in its centre. It proposes a clear hierarchy of urban spaces and city blocks, set within a loose organisational structure that allows for different types of uses and different phasing ideas. This scheme is creating opportunities for entrepreneurs or private ownership situations. The project is productive because it is “forever young” and focused on the future.

AMSTERDAM H-BUURT (NL) — WINNER CONTACT — DROM, Rotterdam (NL) T. +31 639621566 office@d-r-o-m.com www.d-r-o-m.com

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Amsterdam H-Buurt Makers 104

AMSTERDAM H-BUURT (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Arie Gruijters (NL), Ryosuke Yago (JP), Architects;

CONTACT — info@kunst-wet.eu / www.kunst-wet.eu

Mircea Munteanu (RO), Architect-urbanist

info@metapolis.eu / www.metapolis.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Towards a plural urbanity.

The project proposes a strategy that capitalises on Bijlmermeer’s stacked traffic system, working with, rather than against, its long criticised CIAM-inspired urbanism. A zipper-like development creates new interfaces and filters: the public space contracts and expands and specific cut out spaces emerge in the generic landscape. The resulting strip becomes a stepping-stone in Amsterdam SouthEast, defined by a mix of existing and new housing typologies, anchored in new affordable incubators of production. These clusters aggregate around communal spaces and shared facilities, fostering local initiatives, start-up cells and low-end production units, laying the ground for symbiotic cycles of production, distribution, waste management and upcycling. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a clear strategy with

its modularity and uses of green houses that try to bring extra types of buildings and an increased population. A new park connects different public spaces with the existing neighbourhood and creates opportunities for new collective spaces. New living opportunities interact with each other under the over-arching roof. The jury feels that the plan proposes an unrealistic romantic image of society and lacks density.


AMSTERDAM SLUISBUURT (NL) SCALES — L - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Amsterdam

LOCATION — Sluisbuurt

OWNER OF THE SITE — Gemeente Amsterdam

POPULATION — City 835,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Assignment to refine urban

STRATEGIC SITE — 48.3 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2.29 ha

design guidelines

Sabine Lebesque — Department of City Development, City of Amsterdam. Investors Office for Housing/ Team Spatial Quality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The Sluisbuurt corresponds to the name for an island that has to be developed from scratch and which is located between the suburb IJburg and the city centre. The urban plan has already been approved last year and in this location a high density mixed use urban fabric will be built, with for Amsterdam measurements, some high rise buildings, combined with mid and low rise. The period of construction will last several years, starting from this year after public tenders for developers. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Sluisbuurt is planned to be a mixed area, with leisure, housing, 106

productivity and education. Developing housing program remains a safe investment for most of the developers. In the masterplan 15-25% percentage of built program will be nonhousing. How to “finance” these productive spaces? What kind of productive spaces can be combined with housing and working? 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The question is how to start the development? So the city will ask the winners to design a multifunctional transformable building that can host some functions (school, parking, work and housing) to set off the development. Furthermore the city would like to organize a workshop with the last teams to work on several themes that need deeper thoughts to continue the process.


“Top Spin”

AMSTERDAM SLUISBUURT (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Miguel Huelga de la Fuente (ES),

CONTACT — sukunfuku studio, Gijón (ES)

Iria de la Peña Méndez (ES), Architects

T. +34 985874946, info@sukunfuku.com, www.sukunfuku.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project suggests an evolution

towards a more flexible and sustainable urban model, which is transformed to split the rigid and durable elements on one hand: the SUPERSTRUCTURE, and on the other hand those linked to the final use of space, with a shorter life: the GUEST CONSTRUCTION. Setting a time-frame division, the building adapts the program to the population requirements. The footprint of the towers is clearly defined at the street level. The main facilities are placed in the lower levels and the public space is organised around them sorting out the risk of privatization. The activity typically facing the main streets is now transferred to the courtyards surrounding the towers. Unlike the typical high-rise development, with towers resting in a plinth, the proposal here is to emphasize their presence. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This plan is convincing as it delivers

the best organization of the ground floor. The design and the organization of the lower levels of the tapered towers bring quality, spatial and functional diversity to the public space. The design enhances porosity and interaction between the plinth and the towers, where the core program is organized. The massing of the high-rise elements and the distribution of different typologies within these elements respond well to the surroundings. The design approach, demonstrated in the project, could be established as urban design guidelines.

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Bouwen in Amsterdam 108

AMSTERDAM SLUISBUURT (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Reinier Suurenbroek (NL),

CONTACT — Amsterdam (NL), T. +31 627070948

Barthold Meijer Timmerman Thijssen (NL), Architects

office@bouweninamsterdam.eu, www.bouweninamsterdam.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Modern architecture has been missing

generous spaces. Quality cannot be expressed in gross/net floor areas alone, how spaces are proportioned is much more important. Our plan samples the proportions of Amsterdam canal houses (the deep plan, the section with the variation in floor heights, the patterns of window openings, the light wells and the way the buildings meet the street) whilst using today’s building methods. By placing a large portion of the volume in slender towers, we offer beautiful views and keep the public realm spacious. Bouwen in Amsterdam uses time-tested architectural typologies to create a new piece of city that avoids overly prescribing the way it will be used in the future. A place where the streets and the buildings can really come alive as they change over time. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project is clearly controversial. The

problem of density is solved with a few towers. The thin towers are a statement, containing all the programs. The urban fabric, in the remaining space, is focusing on a generous and well-proportioned indoor, and an outdoor space. This project is a conceptual manifesto addressing to the lack of quality present in the inner city, using towers to get the needed density, as well as themes, like using the Amsterdam architecture, being vertically orientated while having a small differentiated plinth with different entrances and a clear relation with public space.


BARCELONA (ES) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Urban Ecology area, Barcelona

LOCATION — Canyelles - Nou Barris District

City Council

POPULATION — City 1,604,555 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Barcelona City Council

STRATEGIC SITE — 11,2 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2,35 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Town planning

development or partial development projects

Jaume Barnada — Strategy & Sustainability. Urban Ecology. City council of Barcelona 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

This project is a strategic opportunity to make the site more complex and also generate a new link between the Canyelles and Roquetes districts. At the same time, centralising activities are included and the connection between the city and the Collserola hills is recovered. This project is a clear commitment to the naturalization of the spaces that will be generated and an interesting proposal for the relationship between this process and urban productivity on a smaller scale. The project must therefore include sustainable and multidisciplinary criteria, and generate a new dialogue between urban design, technology and environmental aspects. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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Barcelona has been and still is a productive city, particularly due to its density, compactness and mixed uses. The Barcelona City Council is now working to make its territory more complex, contributing to and maintaining these characteristics, which are being updated by new plans and projects, while at the same time ensuring their compatibility with residential uses and urban facilities. The city will be productive if the necessary habitat is created in every district. The project proposed for Canyelles includes a dense program with mixed uses: social housing, shops, sports facilities, public spaces, urban agriculture, energy generation, etc. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The competition results will be followed up by a planning and project process, which will also involve dialogue with local citizens, generating the urban and architectural parameters for the area and a range of urban improvement actions.


In Flow

BARCELONA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Carles Enrich (ES)

Oriol Ferrer (ES), Jesús Quintana (ES), Marta Cassany (ES),

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Adriana Campmany (ES), Anna de

Cristina Casanova (ES), Students in architecture

Castro (ES), Joan Martí (ES), Architects; Elena Albareda (ES),

CONTACT — Carles Enrich Studio, Barcelona (ES)

Laure Nicod (BE), Sostenibility enviromentalists;

carles@carlesenrich.com, www.carlesenrich.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We propose a productive city model

based on existing resources, self-sufficiency energy, and a reduced ecological impact on construction systems. We work the concept of permeability at all scales, understanding that the neighbourhood should become an intermediate space between the city and nature. We recover the water from the old Canyelles stream and channelled the runoff water to Meridiana Avenue, one of the highest traffic and environmental contamination arteries in Barcelona. We propose a system of productive dwelling based on a cooperative model, sharing common spaces such as the kitchen and the laundry, with intermediate spaces for the encounter and the dynamism of domestic activities. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The strength of this project is reflected

in the reconstruction of the flow between the mountain and the sea, interspersing the new productive facilities and the housing between them, while seeking a continuity and permeability of the public spaces, with an emphasis on the insertion of new pedestrian link systems and sports or cycling circuits. Looking deeper at this previous point, the project suggests the recovery of the water catchment zone of the old Torrente de Canyelles rivulet, which will permit the irrigation of the proposed community vegetable gardens and the new landscaped areas.

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Step by Step 112

BARCELONA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Pablo Roel (ES), Eva Sánchez (ES),

CONTACT — Roel Sánchez Arquitectura, Barcelona (ES)

Architects

T. +34 932193721, www.roel-sanchez.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We notice that the 21st century crisis of the

city, caused by decades of excesses of speculation, has fostered aseptic public spaces where inhabitants do not leave any footprint nor interact with others. It is therefore necessary to slow down the urbanisation process and promote new ways of inhabiting; more related to nature and the new production processes. The project, located in Canyelles district, is an opportunity to bring the urban park of Collserola closer to Barcelonans. It proposes the connection of the park with the city through productive platforms where urban gardens are planted and playing fields built. The houses, sitting at the edge of the natural terraces, provide permeability between the city and the park, and create new spaces for interactions. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project acknowledges the existing

watercourse and permits horticultural uses. It enhances the continuity of the natural green belt that penetrates the city. The buildings are aligned with the street without creating a continuous frontage. This permits a sense of urban continuity but also a terraced permeability. The proposed scale of the building is appropriate as a transition from large apartment blocks to the mountain environment. The jury appreciated the ability of this project to be implemented in different phases.


Urban Masía

BARCELONA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Marta López Rubio (ES), Gonzalo Pardo Díaz (ES),

CONTACT — T. +34 660083302

Architects-urbanists

contact@masia-urbana.com, www.masia-urbana.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The materialization of discontinuity

is proposed to build the gap between two places that possess opposite densities. Rather than concentrating the entire housing programme in a single building, we opted for a fragmentation of the space to be constructed as a strategy, shaping the lot as an isotropic landscape and with isomorphic qualities in its built spaces, as well as in its voids. With a clear objective to naturalize the urban spaces we bet on creating a great productive field according to the practice of the cultivation system based on the logic of the Japanese philosopher Fukuoka. The design of the dwellings takes into account the different lifestyles of the user and the public spaces of each building respond to the same strategy: a core where collective life is developed at different levels.

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BESANÇON (FR) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

Comté (UFC), Syndicat Mixte du Parc Scientifique et

LOCATION — Montboucons & Montrapon districts, Bouloie

Industriel (SM PSI)

campus, TEMIS (microtechnical & scientific technopole)

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Besançon, UFC, SEDD

POPULATION — City 150,000 inhab.

(Société d’Équipement du Département du Doubs),

STRATEGIC SITE — 190 ha

private owners

PROJECT SITE — from 1 to 4 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Studies and position

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Besançon, CA du Grand

of project manager for urban planning and landscape

Besançon in partnership with the University of Franche-

architecture, architectural project to be arranged with the partners

City of Besançon and Urban Community of Grand Besançon 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Both monofunctional entities of the Bouloie Campus and the Temis Technology Park are located near a priority district of the urban policy, Montrapon. The site is currently being reconsidered by the implementation of new reserved public transport lanes reinforcing the connection of the area to the inner city, and is therefore looking for tools for a better urban integration. The aim is to establish a spatial dialog between the different places in order to propose a coherent understanding of the spaces and to reveal the site unity. This objective is to be reached through interventions on the landscape, the roads network, the morphology of public spaces, the urban furniture 114

but also through operations of buildings densification. On the scale of the city, urban connections between the Health Temis Centre of the Hauts du Chazal and the Cité des savoirs et de l’innovation in the city centre are to be considered. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Concerning its functional integration, the site does not question its own mutation but rather levers of densification and diversification. The site’s specificity, based on the knowledge economy, must be reaffirmed and displayed. However, the urban and social intensity must be developed in order to diversify the uses and to incorporate the site in the time of the city. How could we overcome the notions of campus and technopole to consider the productive, lively and inhabited district of tomorrow? 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The partners are gathering around the shared dynamic ambition to act on the attractiveness of the university district and turn it towards the future. A client group is being formed to lead an urban feasibility study that will define the strategic frame from which operations will be developed under various project clients.


Jurassic Parks AUTHOR(S) — Clara Loukkal (FR), Geographer, urbanist, landscape architect; Benoît Barnoud (FR), Landscape architect, architect

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — At the regional scale, the project

strengthens Besançon’s links with the Jura ecosystem. The natural park and a dynamic industrial park (Swiss watch industry, Basel pharmaceutical industry) both resonate with the campus. On the urban scale, an identity of peripheral neighbourhoods around three landscape figures is asserted. The old Doubs meander, the forest edge belt and the five radial lanes are the vectors of a more mixed and more intense city. At the local scale, the strategy of transforming public spaces is based on the specificities of karst topography to articulate Bouloie with the Technopole Temis. The two offered courses, Jurassic track and Jurassic trail open the campus on the city. Students, residents and researchers meet within this landscape campus. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A proposal whose graphic quality

represents the force and radicalness of an unexpected inscription in the great territory. The project is expressed with a great deal of finesse and provides a strategic framework for the communities and university by presenting a broader view of the university in the city.

BESANÇON (FR) — WINNER CONTACT — Altitude 35, Saint-Denis (FR) T. +33 62426 36 92, contact@altitude35.com, www.altitude35.com

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The Mounts Theory 116

BESANÇON (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Delphine Meyer (FR), Marie Vanderbecken (FR), Architects; Sebastien Denéchaud (FR), Architect-urbanist

CONTACT — Lyon (FR) delphinemeyer1@gmail.com, www.studiosdmv.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The existing geographical and

KNOWLEDGE MOUNT

programmatic Mount form the places of project. Mount of knowledge (campus), Mount of observation (observatory), Mount of the factory (ENSMM), Mount of the innovation (technopolis) are all producing Knowledge, Data, Technology and Scientific research. The axis of the mount introduces a physical and temporal unpublished course. Its spaces integrate the landscape interstices, in the contact of strong elements, they reveal by programmatic, architectural or landscaped emergences, the existing and the productivity. The Mount of the factory, place of experimentation, engages an inter-relation between technological productions and public space. The axis of mounts initiates a common project, its transversal identity reveals through innovative spaces, knowledge and know-how.

12:00

SUMMER

INNOVATION MOUNT

JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project, a relevant clever re-reading

of the site, is noted especially for its consideration of time and the possibility of producing new practices or new non-institutional services. The narrative work on uses rounds off the strategic approach and reinforces the proposal’s coherence in rethinking how an active and open campus functions.

17:00

WEEK-END


Macro-Chip Urbain AUTHOR(S) — Francesco Rizzi (IT), Architect CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Maria Gloria Ghielmetti (IT), Francesco Pusterla (IT), Vitor Colombo Pessoa (CH), Lisa Troiano (IT), Architects; Jacobus Macco (NL), Landscape architect;

BESANÇON (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION Stefano Giorgio Banis (IT), Urbanist CONTACT — Como (IT) T. +39 3479411478, arch.f.rizzi@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Every age has its own production;

every production designs its own city. Besançon reoriented the watchmaking production into micro technology as a clear example of a renovating tradition over time. Macro-Chip Urbain inserts the site into a large-scale consideration including it in a long-term growth scenario together with the productive areas around it, thus fostering spatial and economical interactions between academic, scientific and industrial actors. A system of referential buildings and public spaces constitutes a sequence of productive Milestones that benefit from an intermodal integration to the public transport and a landscape design. Macro-Chip Urbain proposes itself as a flexible instrument to orientate local modifications that participate to a global transformation of Besançon.

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CUNEO (IT) SCALES — L/S – Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Cuneo Municipality

LOCATION — Cuneo, Piemonte

OWNER OF THE SITE — Cuneo Municipality

POPULATION — 56,104 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Workshop onsite with the

STRATEGIC SITE — 50 ha / PROJECT SITE — 4.2 ha

rewarded teams, allowing the site developer to determine a project team for implementation

Federico Borgna — Mayor of the city of Cuneo 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The project involves the functional recovery of the former military buildings transforming them into a “Community hub” of cultural production with green spaces and multi-purpose buildings for leisure, sport, art and entertainment for the population living in the surrounding neighbourhoods, in synergy with the identity value that the historic centre assumes for its citizens. The area has never been open to public and now that it is owned by the city’s administration, it will be central to the future development of the city, which has a linear conformation. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Since the launch of the Europan competition, the area is part of the southern suburbs development strategy, which the administration is aiming at. The productivity of this part of 118

the city, which is now predominantly residential and scarcely involved in events, is generated by the creation of a pole able to attract users and visitors who can help animate the urban context and support the many existing activities and services. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The process for the urban development of the site was defined at the same time as the Europan competition notice in order to give the winners of the competition the opportunity to realize their ideas. Europan Italy and the city of Cuneo have chosen a two-steps procedure: 1. Europan 14 competition 2. Workshop: involving the winners, for a few days, to work and to produce a master plan and aiming at selecting the team that will continue. The aim is to identify the specific topics around which to build the project’s operational tool, under the direction of the city’s technical structure, with the technical and scientific contribution of the winning teams and experts who have contributed to the development of the program. And finally to produce a masterplan able to start the process of defining projects, assignment of tasks and implementation.


Green is the Colour

CUNEO (IT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Federico Aru (IT), Michela Serra (IT),

CONTACT — Sestu (IT)

Architects

T. +39 3461491851, aruserrarch@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project operates on three main

scales, which gives an answer to the new idea of productive city. On a large scale the project area relates itself to the existing public spaces through sustainable mobility systems to connect the most peripheral and fragmented neighbourhoods of the city. The proposal insists on the bond with the nearest existing facilities that can be reactivated spontaneously. The park nourishes from three fundamental elements: the wall, the vegetation and the large pavilions. The project does not completely demolish the existing wall, but it considers it as a protection for the existing vegetation: it selects and regulates the access to the park and structures its paths. The buildings are considered as large empty containers that might accommodate different productions. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Through an in-depth analysis of the urban

system, resulting in a graphic definition deliberately “integrated” with the existing environment, the project succeeds in transforming the use of reality by trying to respect the Genius Loci, which has been preserved despite the transformations of time. It represents a manifesto of the balanced coexistence between built environment and nature, respecting the existing and structured green, implementing it in a timely manner and taking into account its vital cycles. The important value of the project is the approach that makes it suitable to serve as a guideline to the various interventions.

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Making Room(s) 120

CUNEO (IT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Cristina Renzoni (IT), Ianira Vassallo (IT),

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Giorgia Greco (IT), Student in architecture

Architects-urbanists;

CONTACT — makingrooms.europan@gmail.com

Silvia Lanteri (IT), Eudes Vito Margaria (IT), Architects

www.makingrooms.wordpress.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Making Room(s) is structured around

the connection of the new centrality of Caserma Montezemolo with other meaningful places, sewing up the city East-West from river to river. The plan is figured out as the result of a simulated process of collaboration with citizens and associations, with the purpose to transform the dismissed barracks in a COMMON GOOD. It is a project made of interlinked rooms, each one with a vocation, in order to 1) make visible the relation between the city and its own territory; 2) allow the creation of new spaces of centrality beyond the traditional ones; 3) experience a new way of planning the city, more conscious and inclusive. Making Room(s) starts from here: a potential involvement of local communities; a project of liveable spaces; a possible program of uses. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project respects the new contemporary

sense of living the city as a “common good”. In that way, spaces, paths and buildings, starting from a very simple basic organization and based on “rooms”, are functionalized and inhabited by the citizens spontaneously but also guided by specific initiatives (adopting a “room”, a carrot city, an artisan’s lab, an open library, etc…). It is distinguished by the activation of a “slow path” that also connects the city transversely by offering an interesting contribution to the future process of realization on the area.


Contaminations

CUNEO (IT) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Benelli (IT), Davide Lucia (IT),

CONTACT — Firenze (IT)

Elisa Monaci (IT), Vincenzo Moschetti (IT), Luisa Palermo (IT),

T. +39 3403502402

Giacomo Razzolini (IT), Architects

filoferroarchitetti@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The richness of the landscape surrounding

the city of Cuneo suggests in its dense atmospheres many project themes. It thus becomes pervasive in the composition, defining criteria and architectural moments. A new urban park is born, between the barracks and the Arms square, it is a new weaving of the city, ready to welcome many different attractive activities, becoming an educational and communal place. Inside the area, therefore, a new type of landscape is reconfigured to unite the interrupted parts of the urban weave. The project aims to protect the lives of citizens whose rituals are transfigured in architectural themes in a necessary moment of sharing. The great architecture is declined as a long open-air promenade, becoming a threshold and a shadow area as the essence of this new place.

Lucy in the Wood with Diamonds AUTHOR(S) — Francesco Lenzini (IT), Architect CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Martina Corbella (IT), Francesca Luci (IT), Margherita Marri (IT), Andrea Mologni (IT), Jacopo Rosa (IT), Students in Architecture

121 CUNEO (IT) — SPECIAL MENTION

CONTACT — Reggio Emilia (IT) T. +39 3388053263 arch.lenzini@hotmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Lucy in the wood with diamonds” is

a biodiversity-based project. It is conceived as an incubator to preserve and increase the natural richness of Cuneo’s landscape, as well as amplify the presence of vegetation within the city. At the same time the proposal extends the potential and attractiveness of Cuneo through the involvement of new economic and social opportunities that we place as the current basis of an authentic productive city. We conceived the project as an organic process linked to the natural growth of the urban forest. The strategy develops over time in four different phases respectively characterized by specific functions involving differentiated users due to the greater attractiveness of the area in terms of daily and seasonal use.


The Difficult Wall

CUNEO (IT) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Albert Dutto (IT), Architect

CONTACT — Cuneo (IT)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Andrea Aliangena (IT), 3d artist;

T. +39 3299803258

Chiara Genta (IT), Andrea Giordano (IT), Students in architecture

andrea.alberto.dutto@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The aim of this project is to revitalize the

military site by inserting different typologies of productive activities, including: craftsmanship, digital production, exchange of local products, agriculture and culture. Each one of these activities is represented through a specific object conceived either as the refurbishment of an existing building or as a new pavilion. All these objects are connected by a sinuous covered trail that develops in the outdoor space of the site, which is reconfigured as a picturesque garden. In addition, the project highlights the strategic position of the project site, along the main road of the city, by proposing a big portico in continuity with the urban system of the Portici. This portico gathers one of the existing military pavilions, which is converted into a new concert hall, and new spaces for culture and entertainment.

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LA BAZANA (ES) SCALES — XL/L/S – Territorial / Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Architecture Department,

LOCATION — Jerez de los Caballeros/La Bazana

Extremadura Regional Government

conurbation

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public

POPULATION — 332 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban planning,

STRATEGIC SITE — 11,5 ha / PROJECT SITE — 1,75 ha

architecture

Esther Gamero Ceballos-Zúñiga — Head of Architecture, Quality and Accessibility. Government of Extremadura 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

We are looking for a solution that can invert the current depopulation trend in 3 colonization townships –Valuengo, Brovales and La Bazana–, which are part of the Jerez de los Caballeros conurbation. We also want to generate environment-friendly economic activity that will help to stabilize this population and at the same time preserve the local cultural, architectural and environmental heritage. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

This territory, chosen due to its good geographical location, is an incentive for the spatial development of several productive sectors — agriculture, industry, business and tourism. In the specific study area, we are looking to propitiate a reorganisation of the open public spaces in La Bazana, including the inner squares designed in the original project and others on either side of the main street, as well as proposals for the reuse of public buildings that can foster the dynamics needed to attract population and production. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

Responsible exploitation of the local ethnographic and natural resources —primarily water and open woodland (dehesa) landscapes is envisaged, employing the existing infrastructure and implementing a range of activities, all with a view to catalyse the development of the region. The push towards a diversification of uses should allow the maintenance of sustainable production to be compatible with the maintenance of the local citizens’ well-being. The proposal will articulate the framework document for the implementation of the project.

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Bazana Go! 124

AUTHOR(S) — Virginia De Jorge- Huertas (ES), Nicolás Gutiérrez (ES), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Berta Calle Martos (ES), Student in architecture; Jaime Cored (ES), Marta Monzón (ES), Building Engineers

LA BAZANA (ES) — WINNER CONTACT — Madrid (ES) T. +34 656541035  virginiadjh@gmail.com, bazanago.wordpress.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Nowadays the Spanish rural population

is being part of a process of demographic exodus. Bazana GO offers its inhabitants tools for the efficient management of the rural space and the bases for their future sustainability. Through the implantation of a cooperative of ecological production, we propose to establish the irrigating community under an agricultural cooperative. A 15-years action plan is drawn up as a temporary framework. We propose the connection and hybridization between the rural and the urban by framing the look towards the landscape like De La Sota did in 1954, recovering the landscape vision and the old irrigation channel to contain the growth of the city towards the valley. A succession of natural ponds will be implemented and treated by processes of organic wastewater treatment, allowing the succession of events through the specificity of each space. It is a project developed in progressive way. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project achieves a perfect balance

between all the variables at play here. It works with the local population and its small scale productive industry; it identifies the variety of agricultural and livestock products from the perspective of a sustainable ecological cooperative; it detects potential new users and residents who will gradually integrate into the urban fabric and contribute to its gradual growth. The proposal works on this urban fabric in a very respectful way, extending it within the township boundaries with small-scale interventions.


La Fábrica de Suelos AUTHOR(S) — Lucille Bricks (FR), Adrien Picandet (FR), Simon Portelas (FR), Architects; Justine Caussanel (FR), Camille Chastanet (FR), Clara Delmond (FR), Félicien PecquetCaumeil (FR), Claire Vernhes (FR), Architects-urbanists

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “La Fabrica de Suelos” is sustained by a

shared initiative, based on the exchange between different actors of the territory. Productive yet sustainable, the project renders the agricultural land more productive while diversifying the crops, enriching the soils and ecosystems. Modest yet virtuous, very little monetary investment is needed while developing a great capacity to produce newfound riches by involving other sectors. Rural yet precious, inspired by traditional frugal systems, it proposes to reinvent the means of implementing a production of the town that is more local and responsible. Specific yet adaptable, it has been thought out specifically for the territory of La Bazana but can adapt to other situations and territorial contexts with similar characteristics. JURY POINT OF VIEW — While many proposals try to inject a totally

new element in La Bazana in order to provoke change, this project chooses to work with the original reason of the foundation of La Bazana: the agricultural use of the land. Adapting the cultivation of the soil is put forward as a method to reactivate the territory. The model of agricultural production can evolve slowly and does not need large investments. It can go hand in hand with corresponding touristic development of the area. The proposal is appreciated as a very authentic and highly sustainable way of bringing new life in the area.

LA BAZANA (ES) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — MEAT, Paris (FR) T. +33 678378497 meat.architectures@gmail.com www.meatarchitectures.com

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15May2026 AUTHOR(S) — Antonio Miguel Bonilla Eslava (ES), Violeta Ramos Expósito (ES), María Anguita García (ES), Pedro Ortiz Soto (ES), Paula Herrera Fernández (ES), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Clara Fischer del Hoyo (ES),

LA BAZANA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION Student in architecture CONTACT — Sevilla (ES), T. + 34 617785034 15may2026bazana@gmail.com www.espaciores.org / www.laplasitaproyectos.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — La Bazana has become a benchmark

in Europe as Transition Town, “The place of possible things” our familiar landscape and the collective desire in making the UN’s proposals pointed our way ahead. Food and energy sovereignty as well as circular economy improve the quality of life. Our past encourages us to participate in our customs and makes us feel proud of hosting tourists. Universities and the Grazing School agreements attract brilliant minds. Free Education, connected to the land and to the practice, leads our system. Plantations grow up from pots, creating efficient economies through Guadiana River. We have reinvented ourselves thanks to new ways of colonizing the land: fair and solidarity. Today we celebrate the 70 years anniversary of this town. The best is yet to come.

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FAB LABazana AUTHOR(S) — Valentina Crupi (IT),

LA BAZANA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — info@2128architetti.com, www.2128architetti.com

Luca Del Fabbro Machado (IT), Architects-urbanists

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The design proposal intends to orientate

La Bazana towards a new urban model, a locally productive and globally connected self-sufficient city. The goal is to reinvent the relationship between consumption and production through a circular economy system able to attract new resources: a “glocal” production, careful to local values but open to knowledge economy and global goods. To encourage the latent local economy, it also increases the touristic capacity by configuring the city as a widespread receptive platform, exploiting abandoned buildings and providing minimum services. Then, this kind of interventions aims at attracting an international creative public (researchers, intellectuals, artists…) that could trigger micro-economies linked to receptivity in a sustainable way.


La BUZZana AUTHOR(S) — Ana Sabugo (ES), José Manuel De Andrés (ES), Alicia Peña (ES), Victor Cano (ES), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — José Javier Cullen (ES), Sofia Lens (ES), Architects

LA BAZANA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — Arquitectura Subalterna, Madrid (ES) T. +34 629715787 arquitecturasubalterna@gmail.com www.arquitecturasubalterna.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — La Bazana was founded ex novo by

the Spanish National Colonization Institute in order to stop the rural exodus during the postwar period. The project proposes an innovative productive program based on insect rearing, an emerging sector at European level, capable of providing important economic, social and environmental benefits. The plan proposes to articulate this new productive infrastructure around the original axis. It is made of three phases: from the installation of breeding farms, through the habilitation of processing centers, to the opening of a food lab and service infrastructures guaranteeing the research and dissemination of entomology. Our aim is to place La Bazana as an international reference for insect farming, a sector that will play a key role in the 21st century.

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NARVIK (NO) SCALES — S - Urban architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Narvik and

LOCATION — Technical Quarter

Narvikgården AS

POPULATION — 18,800 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Narvikgården AS

STRATEGIC SITE — 7.9 ha / PROJECT SITE — 1.4 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning Commission

Eirik Djupvik — Project Manager, Narvikgaarden AS 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main goal is to create a vibrant city centre in Narvik. The overall assignment is to put into place a vision for Technical Quarter as a young urban arena that contributes to the development of Narvik. The Technical Quarter is going to be a place where people can live, socialize and produce. An important task for the competitors is to develop strategies for reusing and making proposals for new content and architecture at the site. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The participants are asked to explore how several functions can be integrated at the project site. For instance, co-working spaces for companies; workshops for small-scale industry related to testing technology and making prototypes; student housing for both long and short term rentals; flexible event venue that can host conferences, meetings, concerts and 128

exhibitions; social arenas, or commercial programs that encourage social meetings. And, specifically “Teknorama” - a teaching centre for physics and technology, this is an existing offer for kids and youths in Narvik that wants to expand. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The further work will consist of several parallel processes: 1. Development and processing of the winning proposal (including an analysis of existing buildings to be transformed or not) 2. Preparation of a detailed zoning plan 3. Involvement of investors and partners In the work on the development and processing of the winning proposal, we will first make a qualitative analysis of existing buildings to look at how, and if, they can be rehabilitated and transformed into buildings adapted to the new features they should contain. This work, as well as, input from Narvikgaarden, partners, investors and input from starting of the zoning plan will form the basis for the development and processing of the winning proposal. The final proposal will be divided into phases with a program for a step-by-step development.


On Reflection

NARVIK (NO) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Martin Berg (SE), Matilda Schuman (SE),

CONTACT — Schuman Berg Arkitektkontor, Bandhagen (SE)

Architects

T. +46706762511, info@schumanberg.se, www.schumanberg.se

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — ”On Reflection” is a rich and complex

architectural micro-cosmos in the centre of Narvik. Existing buildings on the site are kept and sometimes adapted to new usage while new additions are carefully inserted to improve the social and physical context they are a part of. A new building stands next to the picturesque OT-gården, an industrial workshop building is converted into a scientific museum and the old gates, used for fire trucks, will remain to be manoeuvred by students to open up the co-working spaces to the outside. It’s a creative campus with the greatest impact for the individual inhabitant, but also for Narvik as a whole. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project clearly chooses a step-by-

step strategy. The main reason for this decision is that the winners understand the existing buildings as a kind of helpful structural framework, which does not need much transformation in order to create two different new public spaces for the city. The team is making convincing propositions for each of the existing buildings and are carefully adding two corresponding buildings that form a new gate to the park. And they apply references from existing conversions that correspond very well with the requirements of the city of Narvik for a constantly evolving mix of uses.

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The Ecology of Making 130

NARVIK (NO) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Dominique Hauderowicz (DK),

CONTACT — Studio Fountainhead, Copenhagen (DK)

Kristian Ly Serena (DK), Architects

T. +45 60802087, info@studiofountainhead.dk www.studiofountainhead.dk

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — ‘The Ecology of Making” does not propose

a city of buildings, but a city of spaces for the cultures of making. Making does not simply stop when you leave an office. Making begins in the street. It flowers in conversation and observation. A productive city is a place that sets one free to seek for thriving moments. The city must give space and opportunity for this search. The project reads the future technical district as a living organism of different people and programmes. Weaving the project site into the adjacent Bromsgård Park, the project does not propose clear boundaries between leisure and work, nor between learning and researching. In contrast, it offers generous and spacious opportunities for playful, creative lifestyles, that can nourish the kinds of production needed in the future. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a holistic and

gradual strategy for transforming Narvik’s Technical Quarter into a productive area for all, arguing that production means more than just an economic activity. It builds from a sensitive reading of Narvik’s urban form, its past development and its future trajectory, to inform a highly contextual urban strategy that expands beyond the boundary of the site. The team proposes a new vibrant public space that links together the other programmatic elements, and aims at countering what they describe as the Shopping Centre Urbanism of Narvik.


From Backyards to Courtyards

NARVIK (NO) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Márton Tövissi (RO), Mihai Bușe (FR), Boris Girin

CONTACT — A-PLATZ + MEMO + INLANDSIS

(FR), Architects; Emőke Forró (RO), Interior architect;

info@a-platz.com, www.a-platz.com,

Etienne Haller (UK), Elinor Scarth (UK), Landscape architects

www.memo-architecture.com, www.inlandsis.space

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The site of the future “Technical Quarter”

lacks a clear urban definition, we detect a backyard effect despite its central position within the city. Different buildings were erected on the site and despite the obsolete image of some of them, they have tectonic qualities and they are starting to define a valuable three square-courtyard morphology. We propose to redefine and complete the urban fabric by upgrading all the valuable existing buildings and by adding new ones, to create diversity and structure. By setting up smaller entities in terms of public space and architectural types, we create living areas of activity that are clearly identified at the scale of the cityscape. In this way a sense of density, combined with a sense of community, can become a possibility.

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NEU-ULM (DE) SCALES — Urban / Architectural

Wohnungsgesellschaft der Stadt Neu-Ulm GmbH

LOCATION — South of the city centre

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Neu-Ulm, NUWOG,

POPULATION — City 58,200 inhab.

private owners South of Riedstrasse

STRATEGIC SITE — 150 ha / PROJECT SITE — 16.5 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban planning

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Neu-Ulm, NUWOG

framework, housing construction

Christiane Kroker — City of Neu-Ulm 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The area, which is closely linked to the city centre, should be redensified to be transformed into a proper district. The creation of spaces for culture, education and social interactions, as well as small commercial or working units within the area would be another goal. Moreover, the connection of the new developments in the South and the inner city in the North is of high importance. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The area should be developed as a mixed-use district. The site is mainly used for housing at the moment. In order to respect the citizens here, the productive uses should be compatible with housing. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC

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PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

An information process is planned through a presentation and an explanation of the results to the citizens. Afterwards, there should be one or several workshops with the awarded teams to refine the projects. The goal would be the creation of an urban layout plan for the district.


The Productive Heart of Neu-Ulm AUTHOR(S) — Leonardo Zuccaro Marchi (IT), Piero Medici (IT), Alice Covatta (IT), Architects; Annalisa Romani (IT), Landscape architect CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Agnieszka Batkiewicz (PL), Architect; Virginia Santilli (IT), Yağız Söylev (TR), Christian Maijstre (NL), Xiaoyi Qin (CN),

NEU-ULM (DE) — WINNER

Students in architecture CONTACT — {Co-P-E} Collective of Project in Equipoise, Padova (IT), T. +39 3281119065, contact@co-p-e.com, www.co-p-e.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes new connections,

porosities, juxtapositions and overlapping functions transforming Vorfeld into a new attractive Heart of Neu Ulm, a central pole within the existing urban constellation. New connections are social, spatial, urban, cultural and environmental. We interpreted the Productive City as a shift from closed to open, from central building to central open space, from Mono-functional to Mixed Architecture. In particular the new relations between learning, production and housing are the main feature of the project for the new identity of the Heart of Neu Ulm, as re-interpreted legacy of the “Ulm School of Design” (HfG, 1953–1968). Finally the project should be developed in flexible phases and always entails the participatory influence of the inhabitants. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The strength of the design is in the

structural transformation of an existing centre of the district and a focused green corridor with sensible links to the urban core and adjoining open spaces, which are in the position to give the district a new character and identity. The strong architecture proposals for the “new heart of Neu-Ulm” make it possible to concentrate the new uses to the east and west of the locations that have already been constructed vis-à-vis the green corridor, which is given a new density of uses as a result of the accumulation of productive and social areas.

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From Vorfeld to “Core-Feld” 134

NEU-ULM (DE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Sofie Vaasen (BE), Marco Fonseca (PT),

CONTACT — Berlin (DE), T. +49 17698120680

Luísa Gonçalves (PT), Architects

sofievaasen@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — By introducing a promenade, a green

traverse and an urban park that connect existing and new public spaces, a new “Core” that extends beyond the borders of Vorfeld is created. Along these public spaces, mixed-use buildings with dynamic ground-floor zones seek new forms for production spaces that are flexible and variable. A set of new typologies that each forms a different ensemble with the existing buildings allowing a step-by-step development, in dialogue with a gradually expanding actor base in order to achieve real integration, participation and collaboration. The vacant school building offers a good location for an Urban Laboratory, a room for debate, an exchange platform, or even a location for festivals. On the long term, this location can make place for a new Productive Core. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The enthusiastic contribution combines

supplementing the settlement to scale with space-creating buildings and new public spaces. The tower blocks, in the middle of the district, introduce a new typology that is in the position to supplement the existing residential buildings in a positive way. The authors also approach the theme of the “productive cities” with great naturalness. Commercial uses are dimensioned with a sense of proportion, so that the innovative potential of the location is not overstrained. If the demand remains below the degree presumed, the modular design of the commercial strip permits uses to be interchanged.


OULU (FI) SCALES — XL/L – Territorial / Urban

Foundation of Northern Finland (PSOAS), University

LOCATION — Oulu Kaijonharju

Properties of Finland (SYK)

POPULATION — City 200,000 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Oulu, PSOAS, SYK

STRATEGIC SITE — 160 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Post-competition

PROJECT SITE — 37 ha

seminar, selection of one winning team for an

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Oulu, Student Housing

implementation process

Eini Vasu — architect SAFA, planning architect, City of Oulu 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The goal is to have a clear future vision for the area’s development — urban structure with new housing and multiple services. The goal is also to connect the Kaijonharju centre to the university to become one structural and functional entity. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The proximity of the university gives a good opportunity to develop the area more productively in various ways. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The goal is to make a general plan for the Linnanmaa136

Kaijonharju area where land use, road connections and services are laid out. That will work as the basis for the development of the area.


Kaljama

OULU (FI) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Curro Holguín (ES), Argimiro Macías (ES),

CONTACT — Madrid (ES), T. +34 638590238

Antonio Torres (ES), Paula Manzano (ES), Architects

kaljamae14@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — From city to productive city, the void as

possibility of creating identity To make Kaijonharju – Linnanmaa district a vibrant and diverse part of the urban fabric, the first goal that we worked on was the recognition of the site. We rapidly perceived that one of the biggest mistakes of the current urban plan was the great amount of existing parking zones. These huge parking surfaces are not only a lost of space in terms of local economy but an unnecessary amount of voids acting in the opposite way of urban complexity. Therefore, our project understands that these existing parking voids have to be conceived as negative spaces. Our main target is to change the role of these voids and transform them into creators of identity that will work as our zones of action. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project is rather a concept than a

finished proposal. It provides an intelligent, elegant and flexible solution for the future development of the area while preserving its architectural and natural values. The basic principle is simple: buildings will replace the large open-air parking lots, which form a vast negative space around the university. The entry is also ecologically and economically sustainable, as it requires only a limited amount of new infrastructure. The forests can be developed into urban forested parkland that complements the area’s identity.

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A Tale of Two Lakes 138

OULU (FI) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Francisco José Blázquez García (ES),

CONTACT — Ubicuo, Madrid (ES) / London (GB)

José María Calvo Martínez-Aldama (ES), Architects

ubicuo.st@gmail.com, www.ubicuo-studio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The campus of the University of Oulu

is located in Linnanmaa and in Kaijonharju’s urban centres and both tend to be closely related. The main relationship standing out is the one existing between these two sectors and the natural environment, especially with the two lakes, Pyykösjärvi and Kuivasjärvi, surrounding them. We propose a housing system and a productive area capable of melting with the environment, recovering it for people, and above all, reconnecting all elements of great scenic value to create a natural network that can be enjoyed both by the neighbours of Oulu and by visitors. For the success of this proposal it is essential to carry out an important reflection on the viable means of transport in the area. Each of the buildings is conceived as a unit for community life, however our proposal seeks to create a global sense of neighbourhood by promoting a close relationship between all of them through a system of shared commerce, transportation and public spaces widely connected. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal suggests a second mega-

structure alongside the university, a “housing machine”. In the three-storey base mass, different housing typologies from houses to small blocks of flats would align with pedestrian and cycling routes. Slender tower structures crown the composition. Complementing the “study machine” of the over-sized university campus with a neighbouring “housing machine” is an intriguing approach that respects the existing architectural appearance of the area.


Dynamo

OULU (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Anniina Valjus (FI), Emma Koivuranta (FI),

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Juha Nissinen, Student in Architecture

Sanni Leinonen (FI), Tuija Patana (FI), Architects

CONTACT — dynamo.europan14@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — DYNAMO builds links between University,

Technology village, Kaijonharju centre and two lakes. The Boulevard is a new entrance to the area for public transportation, bicycles and pedestrians. DYNAMO creates clear routes and interesting public spaces. The distinguishing pine trees give character to the courtyards and green zones. The architecture is inspired by the red brick Kaijonharju and industrial and colourful University, and mixing these in a fresh way! Existing buildings give a historical layer. DYNAMO has a digital platform. With the platform, the residents, the University and local services can communicate and create new innovations for production. The innovative block is a physical place for the locals and academics to meet and share ideas. DYNAMO is a dynamic area generating a feeling of constant innovation.

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The Forum

OULU (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Elisa Avellini (IT), Anastasia Barasheva (RU),

CONTACT — Roma (IT)

Marcella Claps (IT), Andrea De Sanctis (IT), Daniele Frediani (IT),

T. +39 3202769104

Francesco Martone (IT), Isabella Zaccagnini (IT), Architects

elisa.avellini@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Productivity is not limited to financial-

oriented outcomes. Productivity determines social and economic interactions through adaptable processes: it is an open system, which can guarantee a constant interaction between a diverse and uncommon mix of activities. Focusing on public space and social interaction activates the development of an open system framework. The in-between space and infrastructure of the Forum is the proactive engine through which diverse relationships and a new urban structure are activated. The forum is a space for encounter, between the university productivity and the city daily activities, community and the surrounding nature, physical space and unforeseeable productive developments.


PLATJA DE PALMA (ES) SCALES — XL/L/S – Territorial / urban / architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public

LOCATION — Palma and Llucmajor, Platja de Palma, Can

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Meeting and debate

Pestilla and S’Arenal

between the winning teams and the site representatives.

POPULATION — 40,000 inhab. + 42,000 hotel beds

Under the Public Contracts Act, a negotiated unpublicised

STRATEGIC SITE — 36 ha / PROJECT SITE — 4.2 ha

competition involving at least 3 of the winning teams for

SITE PROPOSED BY — Platja de Palma urban planning

contracting for the implementation phase

consortium

Jaume Tomàs Oliver — Councillor for Urbanism, Territorial Planning, Environment and Rural Environment. Llucmajor City Council 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

S’ Arenal de Llucmajor pioneered the exploitation of sun and sand tourism over 50 years ago. At the end of the 1960s, its original landscape underwent a massive transformation based on an urban model that largely ignored the idea of sustainability. The aim now is to reverse the situation, and give the area a productive second youth, learning from the mistakes of the past. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The challenge is to boost and reactivate the tourist potential of the s’Arenal de Llucmajor area, which has brought wealth 140

and employment for over 50 years but is now in decline and losing its appeal. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The aim is to create urban corridors and backbones that interconnect different points of interest in the area. Today, there are focal points (shopping area, recreational area, facilities and services area) that lack of any clear connectivity with each other. The aim is to enlarge the area set aside for pedestrians and to pacify or to restrict vehicle traffic along the planned corridors. Tree plantation will be encouraged in public spaces and paving, street lighting, street furniture and other steps required for this purpose will be defined.


Agora 4.8

PLATJA DE PALMA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Catalina Salvà Matas (ES), Architect-urbanist;

CONTACT — Salvà Ortin Arquitectes,

Hector Ortin Isern (ES), Architect

Barcelona (ES) / Illes Balears (ES), T. +34 935310558,

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Pol Sarsanedas Coll (ES), Architect

info@salvaortin.com, www.salvaortin.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The improving of the planned civic axis

linked to other streets and squares make a new public space network, working as an ecologic and landscape infrastructure. A new smart mobility network will connect the territorial mobility systems to the city through a ring of main traffic circulation. The confluences between the ring, the public spaces network and the bicycle lanes network become intermodal exchange nodes. The redesigned square and the hybrid building are forming part of the new city centre. The square becomes the symbolic meeting space for citizens, opened towards the city as a great green, flexible and accessible centre of S’Arenal. The existing facility building is covered with a new bioclimatic skin that also enables the connection between the civic axis and the square. JURY POINT OF VIEW — One of the strengths of this proposal is

the transformation of the S’Arenal Square and Plaça Major Square into a new hub for the town. The new project for the square and opening up Calle Gran i General Consell through the shopping centre will make this point a link between the part of the town most intensely used by tourists and the part with the largest number of residents. The project also proposes a complex solution that tackles the issue from different angles. It regenerates the network of public spaces and establishes a public transport ring with strategic exchange points.

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Places 142

PLATJA DE PALMA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Guillem Pons Ros (ES),

CONTACT — Palma Oficina, Palma (ES), T. +34 971 512498

Carme de Cara Nadal (ES), Architects

palmaoficina.oficina@gmail.com, www.palmaoficina.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Places” is an urban regeneration project

based on a system of “hybrid squares” to atomise and balance the relentless tourism exploitation of the last 50 years in S’Arenal. It is based on a long-term vision for the site, together with a range of strategies for the transformation of its seemingly chaotic fabric into a network of polarities. We seek a new civic ambition for a stronger identitary environment that could be translated into all kinds of actions: nature and landscape, hotels and tourism, pedestrians and mobility, retail and economic activities or leisure and dwelling. The project aims at creating equally the dynamics for future appropriation by means of a proactive stakeholder platform involving users, investors, policy and decision makers and architects, working together to look beyond a priori and established solutions. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Instead of improving the urbanization

process for the street, this proposal improves the quality of the neighbourhood. To do so, the group has designed a set of strategies that can work at different levels (social, economic, spatial), transform the current road alignment and create a civic network of polarities. Instead of a closed design, they propose an open, flexible, interactive process that can transform the neighbourhood’s productive, ecological and environmental capacity.


A Social Infrastructure

PLATJA DE PALMA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Clément Ringot (FR), Maxime Beel (FR),

CONTACT — Ixelles (BE)

Architects

T. +33 618751055, ringot.clement@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — For decades, Platja de Palma had an

economic model based solely on mass tourism. This had an impact on the social structure of the area, as well as its morphology. As we live oriented only toward the sea, it led to an overly built waterfront, creating a frontier between the beach and the hinterlands. Situated at the end of this waterfront, S’Arenal struggles to differentiate from its neighbours. However, its proximity to the Torrente des Jueus offers an opportunity to connect the district to its hinterlands and to take part into the very diverse rural economy, allowing for productive activities and new mode of tourism to appear. Through this connection, we help S’Arenal to build a strong identity, and give the community the keys to become a productive city, working in harmony with its territory.

The End of the “Efecto Arenal” AUTHOR(S) — Joaquín Millán Villamuelas (ES), Architect CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Jesús Reyes García (ES), Paolo Mercorillo (IT), Marta Álvarez Cerviño (ES), Architects; Kelly Guerim (BR), Magali Chermette (FR), Students in architecture

143 PLATJA DE PALMA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

CONTACT — OOIIO Architecture, Madrid (ES) T. +34 912826219 info@ooiio.com www.ooiio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Efecto Arenal”, Mallorca’s negative image, is caused by the

area of El Arena and is known among the tourism entrepreneurs in the island. This effect is indeed quite popular internationally as it refers to a low quality tourist destination, for those more interested in the combination of nightlife and the beach than in the culture or local nature. OOIIO proposes to solve all those problems with the battery of urban interventions acting on the different problematic city places with the target of regenerating El Arenal and transforming the conflictive destination of sun and beach tourism into an attractive place with its own socio-cultural offer. Urban projects suggest many interests. There must be a dialog process between all of the actors. Using comics is a perfect way to show this idea since it shows actions and different characters interacting with one another, through time. We decide to explore new ways of design in architecture and we used comics as a tool and not exclusively as a format.


ZWICKAU (DE) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Zwickau

LOCATION — Eastern old town

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Zwickau, 2 housing

POPULATION — 91,500 inhab.

societies, housing building cooperative and private owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 61 ha / PROJECT SITE — 27.9 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban and landscape

planning development concept and building planning

Jens Raußer — Head of planning department in Zwickau 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The strategic site is divided into the historic city in the West, the prefabricated buildings from the 1970s in the Eastern part of the inner city and the green spaces along the river Mulde. The goal is to transform the monofunctional and homogenous housing area with the 5 and 11 storeys high buildings, into mixed-use districts. The barrier of the highrise buildings should be lowered thanks to the creation of an urban agreeable scale. Also the city should be opened up to access the green spaces. Because of the excellent position, housing facilities should remain but should be enhanced with new productive uses. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

There could be spaces for crafts, small businesses, services 144

and culture facilities as long as the new uses are compatible with the existing housing. The separation of living and working should be broken up in order to create a city with short distances, high quality architecture and public spaces. The presence of the Westsächsiche Hochschule (Western Saxony University) near the area creates a link to educational uses and intellectual production. One topic of the entries was urban farming. This could be a possibility of green production — and also production of oxygen — along the river. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

On May 12th, 2018 there will be the national day of “urban development promotion programs”. In the second part of the event, some Europan projects will be shown in an exhibition. In the following next steps, information of the citizens and workshops with the awarded teams are planned.


Productive Update

ZWICKAU (DE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Stephan Schwarz (AT), Ingrid Sabatier-Schwarz

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — María del Rocío Díaz Marrero (ES), Architect

(FR), Ferdinand Schmelzer (DE), Architects-urbanists;

CONTACT — Berlin (DE), contact@isssresearch.com

Lena Flamm (DE), Landscape architect

www.isssresearch.com, www.tamandua.berlin

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A long-term strategy to transform the

centre of Zwickau into a productive urban environment. 2030 - Future Mobility — Based on its tradition as a car city, Zwickau becomes a real scale lab for e-mobility and autonomous driving. This lighthouse project is the root for a fundamental change of the city. 2040 - Urban space at human scale — By implementing new typologies of working, dwelling and urban production, the centre of Zwickau becomes alive and heterogeneous again. The structure of dominant prefabricated buildings will be reduced but not erased to create permeability towards the river. 2050 - City and nature in symbiosis — Integrating productive green systems into the urban fabric improves the quality of life and

ZWICKAU HABITAT A RIVER MEADOW

contributes to climate resilient urban environments. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The authors propose three steps of

transformation in the period of time from 2030 to 2050: transforming the existing district of multi-storey residential buildings, forming new districts, and creating new housing typologies. This results in the structural and functional restructuring of the project area. The theme of “productivity” is largely limited to “green productivity” in the form of an urban farm in place of the current car park, the creation of green spaces, and roof greening for local food production as well as the use of solar energy. The realisations of a productive mixed-use strip along Kathrinenstrasse are designed quite generally.

UPDATING EXISTING HOUSING BLOCKS FOR A PRODUCTIVE FUTURE

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Connect Four 146

ZWICKAU (DE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Jurek Fahrenholt (DE), Valeriya Sidorenko (KZ),

CONTACT — jurek-fahrenholt@web.de, valeriya.sv19@gmail.com,

Architects; Anna-Lena Horn (DE), Pia Müller (DE),

anna-lena.horn@gmx.de, mupia@web.de

Landscape architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The instruction to multifunctionality and

connection. Connect Four offers playful, open-processed and democratic approaches to dissolve monofunctional uses and un-scaled, undefined problem areas within Zwickau Eastern inner city. A new system of urban spaces and links, which connects the Western inner city with the Muldeparadies in the future, already covers up parts of these areas and consequently defines the residual domains of connect four. As a first move the establishment of a sustainable mobility concept, free form motorized individual traffic, is suggested. To achieve a mixture of uses, Connect Four positions the social, educational, living and productive impulses on the domains when they are needed. City bricks in different scales are the tools to implement them within their combination of a flexible modular system and dismantled panels. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The authors provide playful and

simultaneously coherent instructions for urban action. Parts of the five-, nine-, and eleven-storey prefabricated building mega-structure on both sides of Katharinenstrasse are ascribed a significant recognition function. In taking up the four comprehensibly elaborated impulses, the authors orient themselves structurally towards the historical scale. The development locations identified, also at the interface to the western city centre, can be filled in a productive way with the building blocks defined.


The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine

ZWICKAU (DE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Magdalena Müller (DE), Architect

CONTACT — München (DE), T. +49 15774346540

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Philipp Fink (DE), Architect

magdalena.mueller@hotmail.de

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Zwickau is divided into three vertical

strips due to the structure of streets, buildings and functions. While the centre and the MuldeParadies park are dedicated to various purposes, the project area is structurally and functionally a no-man‘s-land. To kick-start the transformation, the public is introduced to the area by a public crown on top of the largest “Plattenbau”. Simultaneously -one step at a time- the former noman‘s land becomes either part of the built city structure or a part of the landscape, opening up to the river. This process leads to a distinct city boundary facing a landscape providing energy, food, workspace and leisure solely featuring a series of solitary buildings, representing the architectural history and public life of Zwickau.

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From Func   Infrastruct   to Product   148

How Can New Mobility Conditions Encourage Hybridization Between City & Production? ANALYSIS ARTICLE: From Mobility Infrastructure to Productive Spaces, What Kinds of Transformation? 150 Aglaée Degros (BE) — architect, professor and director of the Urban Planning Institute in TU Graz + Dimitri Szuter (FR) — architect, researcher, dancer and performer Amsterdam Piarcoplein (NL) Aschaffenburg (DE) Aurillac (FR) Évreux (FR) Graz (AT)

156 160 164 168 172

Helsinki (FI) 176 Madrid (ES) 180 München/Taufkirchen (DE) 184 Torrelavega (ES) 188 TornioHaparanda (FI/SE) 192


tionalist   ures   ive City 149

Infrastructures are crucial actors to introduce a dynamic economy in the city. But they have most often been introduced against the city itself — motorways, parking lots, intermodal areas act as gaps and reinforce urban fragmentation. New city visions on a soft mobility model offer new opportunities to reconsider those infrastructures for adaptation. But how can we make sure this leads to a more sustainable urban life and the hybridisation of programs including productive activities? How to reinforce infrastructures as a fertile ground for a productive city? Could downgraded roads become productive streets? Could obsolete parking areas turn into productive places? Could updated intermodal nodes generate productive hubs? And which space strategies could arise from these scenarios?


From Mobility Infrastructure to Productive Spaces, What Kinds of Transformation? ANALYSIS ARTICLE by Aglaée Degros — architect, Fellow of the Free Flemish University of Brussels, Professor and director of the Institute of Urban Planning at Graz University of Technology (AT). She is co-founder of the Brussels-based Artgineering agency (BE). www.artgineering.eu and Dimitri Szuter — architect, PhD candidate in architecture, dancer and performer. He is co-founder of the P.E.R.F.O.R.M! project-based research laboratory in Paris (FR). www.perform-the-city.org

When it comes to infrastructure, many challenges

and active mobility infrastructures. A passive mobility

lie ahead for urban design. As infrastructures are

infrastructure is one set aside for driverless vehicles,

increasingly divided into active and passive, their

where the reliance on sensors demands specific

relation to the productive city can threaten or reinforce

physical conditions, and autonomous mobility places

the quality of urban metamorphosis (fig.1).

the vehicle occupant in a passive relationship to their environment. By contrast, with active mobilities such as

150

PASSIVE/ACTIVE MOBILITY (fig.2)

walking, cycling or e-biking, the person moving must be

Until now, infrastructures were classified in terms of

in permanent interaction with their environment.

speed — slow lanes, fast lanes… — or their impact on the environment: sustainable mobility modes, green

TURNING POINT FOR INFRASTRUCTURE

mobility modes… However, a new classification is in the

Passive mobility, particularly the kind dedicated to

process of emerging: passive mobility infrastructures

the logistics of the productive city, has been tested

1 — QUALITY OF LIFE OF A NEIGHBOURHOOD BUILT AROUND ITS PUBLIC SPACES FOR PEDESTRIANS AND CYCLISTS, LINKED WITH WATER - TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI/SE), WINNER — TWO CITIES ONE HEART > SEE MORE P193

3 — SPACE RECAPTURED BY THE IDLER - AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL), WINNER — UNDERGROWTH > SEE MORE P157

2 — STRICT SEPARATION OF SPACES FOR POSSIBLE PASSIVE MOBILITIES AND FOR ACTIVE MOBILITIES - GRAZ (AT), SHORTLISTED — THE COLLABORATIVE MILE

4 — INFRASTRUCTURE AS SPACE - HELSINKI (FI), WINNER — LATERAL COALESCENCE > SEE MORE P177


5 — AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN SITE (NL) > SEE MORE P156

6 — TORRELAVEGA SITE (ES) > SEE MORE P188

8 — AURILLAC SITE (FR) > SEE MORE P164

7 — GRAZ SITE (AT) > SEE MORE P172

9 — AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL), RUNNER-UP — URBAN PLATFORM > SEE MORE P158

for a decade and is on the verge of entering the

between A and B. Traffic space then becomes public

urban environment. It is dependent on sensors

space in its own right (fig.4).

which, for transport to be safe, need to be protected from unexpected events. Conflicts between robotic

INFRASTRUCTURE AS SPACE

and human use of public space can therefore be

This space can have different “shapes”. One kind

expected. Recently, in an article tracing the shift in

would be three-dimensional. Such infrastructures would

the responsibility for safety on infrastructures from

resemble extruded objects, possessing an underside

the driver to the pedestrian, the journalist Jordan

or something like an architectural dimension. They will

Fraade wrote about “petextrians” (individuals texting

be objects with “capacities” or “potentials”, containing

while walking) and the rules banning such practices

spaces that it will seem obvious to “fill” or “adorn” with

that have been introduced in several cities…1 Fraade

productive uses. Examples of such infrastructures are

sees these regulations as a foretaste of a future ban

the sites in Madrid (ES), with its soon to be obsolete

on idling, in order to allow the development of the

parking infrastructures, in Amsterdam Piarcoplein (NL)

self-driving car. Along similar lines, Professor Adam

(fig.5), with its overhead transport infrastructures, or

Millard invites us to see the current era as a particular

Torrelavega (ES) (fig.6) with its hall type infrastructure.

moment in the history of mobility and its infrastructure.2

The second category is two-dimensional connecting

With the shift in responsibility for safety from the driver

spaces. These include mobility axes of different

to the maker (of autonomous cars), three possible

kinds, such as urban boulevards (Graz (AT), fig.7),

scenarios emerge: either all mobility in cities simply

motorways (Helsinki (FI)), or even a straight waterway

remains active and the technology is not implemented

running through the city (Aurillac (FR), fig.8). Here, the

there; or the legislation changes and places more

transformation is more about restructuring mobilities, in

restrictions on pedestrians and cyclists; or finally, we

order to bring quality of life to these sometimes hostile

see the ascendancy of the active user! Active users,

transit spaces, but also and above all to add productive

long pushed to the margins of urban transport, could

depth.

be allowed to travel when and where they want. Since

Within these two categories of infrastructure, projects

the responsibility for autonomous cars rests with their

can be differentiated by reference to three criteria.

manufacturers and not their drivers, the watchword in the automobile industry is apparently “stay below

METHOD OF TRANSFORMING INFRASTRUCTURES

the speed limit and make sure you don’t hit anyone!”.

Transformation through the use of the

Active mobility could therefore win back the right to

infrastructural resource

carefree urban travel (fig.3).

The first method of transforming infrastructure into

If this third scenario comes to pass, infrastructure can

a space in its own right is to reuse or recycle the

be redesigned from facade to facade like a real space.

infrastructure itself. It becomes a space, a latent

In this scenario, infrastructure is not merely designed

resource for the regeneration of the site.3 The runner-

for its effectiveness in getting from A to B, but also as

up project in Amsterdam Piarcoplein, Urban Platform

a element that contributes to the quality of the space

(fig.9), precisely uses the under-surfaces generated by

151


10 & 11 — MADRID (ES), RUNNER-UP — COMMON GROUND > SEE MORE P181

11

152

12 — TORRELAVEGA (ES), WINNER — VACANT SPACE > SEE MORE P193

the infrastructure to introduce productive uses.

etc.) in order to adapt the architectural structure of

Some teams thus develop a capacity to “accommodate

the car parks to accommodate to different uses.

to” the infrastructure, a capacity of reinvention to

The detailed fragment of the project clearly shows

convert an infrastructural constraint into a productive

how this infrastructure is adapted to reinvented and

resource. Here, the aim is to identify the capabilities

innovative social, productive or urban uses (fig.11). The

of the infrastructural object and to derive possibilities

winning project in Torrelavega, Vacant Space (fig.12),

from it, potentials for adaptation to one or more

uses the infrastructure of the big hall as a resource

productive uses.

for the regeneration of the area, making it the base

Other teams develop the potential for reversibility in

for a diversity of productive uses. The team chose to

these “capable” infrastructures in order to prepare

recycle the infrastructure with a focus on adaptability,

“productivity spaces” which can evolve in their use or

proposing a variety of possibilities at different times of

production over time. One such is Common Ground

the week or year. Here, therefore, the architectural act

(fig.10), one of the two runner-up projects in Madrid.

of transformation entails evolving and reversible uses.4

Here, the team produced a set of typological variations

By contrast with this, some projects ignore the question

on types of parking infrastructures, combining them

of infrastructural transformation, proposing only

with small creative gestures of subtraction or addition

peripheral interventions, which seems insufficient with

(partial demolitions, extensions, grafts, new openings,

respect to the session theme.


Conversion of infrastructures into spaces

suggests a somewhat standardised vision of the idea

of production

of production, or the emergence of programming trends

The second form of intervention on infrastructure

or fashionable practices that are “routinely” applied to

considered as a space in its own right entails its

a territory (fab-labs, co-working spaces, workshops,

conversion into a space of production, a more radical

etc.). Should production not rather emerge out of a

approach than the previous one. This is more about

social reality, out of a productive deficiency, or out of

conversion than simple transformation.

the revival of certain crafts and local “skills”? The runner-

In this case, what is crucial is the choice of the type

up project in Aurillac, Panoplie (fig.16), for example,

of production and its relevance to local conditions, or

proposes the conversion of existing infrastructures to

its originality. Some teams proposed production that

accommodate some of the area’s legacy craft activities.

derives directly from the potentials of the infrastructure

In this case, however, the revival of production raises

on their site. The shortlisted project in Aschaffenburg

other questions: about the logistics associated with the

(DE), Connective Framework (fig.13), makes judicious

new production; the new mobility infrastructures, the

use of a thickness, a layer of solar panels that covers the

spaces for the management of this new productivity,

infrastructure, turning it into a locus for productive uses.

generated on the site.

The linear infrastructure is thus faced with a productive overlay that supplies energy to the activities around

Transformation through an active process

the road axis. In these cases, production is associated

The third mode of transformation is one in which the

with spatial potential. It has a similar relation with the

time needed for the conversion of the infrastructure is

infrastructure and judiciously exploits the capacities

seen as a driver of the project.

“already there”, in order to enhance uses through

Three different attitudes to this issue of temporality, to

appropriate production. In the same way, the special

the recognition of transformation as a process, can be

mention project in Madrid, Air Matter(s) (fig.14), uses

identified. The first and most common is to project a

the volumetric and architectural capacities of an old car park to produce pure air for the city. “Already there” is also a matter of contextualising production, in other words proposing types of production that are in reaction to or in continuity with the history of the place. The special mention project in TornioHaparanda (FI/SE), Seamless (fig.15), proposes

153

the construction of sports infrastructures linking the two countries, in order to generate an activity that would unite the inhabitants of the two frontier towns. The innovative potential in this unifying production could provide a response to the territorial and historical issues associated with the site. By contrast with these forms of reaction or continuity, the proposals for identical forms of production on several sites that are entirely different in nature offer a somewhat generic solution. This

13 — ASCHAFFENBURG (DE), SHORTLISTED — CONNECTIVE FRAMEWORK

14 — MADRID (ES), SPECIAL MENTION — AIR MATTER(S) > SEE MORE P183

15 — TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI/SE), SPECIAL MENTION — SEAMLESS > SEE MORE P195

16 — AURILLAC (FR), RUNNER-UP — PANOPLIE > SEE MORE P166


154

“finished” state, a point at which the projected vision

genuine project-process, where the process and its

for the site will be complete, without specifying the

gradual enactment become the core of the project.

methods or processes for getting there. The special

Here, the key is to identify the “conceptual driver” of

mention project in Évreux (FR), Articulations d’intérêt

the transformation, before even thinking about the

collectif (fig.17), illustrates this tendency to represent

ultimate vision. The stages in a project-process are

everything at once, like a multitude of actions, without

therefore deliberately experimental 6, like a series

specifying any logical order, any processual approach

of actions that absorb the unexpected and convert

to achieving this regeneration. And it still remains to

it into a project strength. The shortlisted project in

be done. In fact, a vision needs to be enacted step-

Amsterdam Piarcoplein (NL), Productive People, Happy

by-step, in successive phases, through which the

People (fig.20), for example, introduces experimental

regeneration unfolds, as is proposed in the shortlisted

stages into the process of conversion of the car parks,

project, The collaborative mile (fig.20), in Graz. A global

but does not necessarily incorporate the results of the

vision is necessary, but should it not play the role of

experiments into the subsequent development of the

driver for the development of scenarios of enactment,

project. As a result, the scenario is ready to adjust to the

rather than constituting a fixed vision of the future of

unexpected, by absorbing and accepting the outcome

the site? Otherwise, what about the unexpected 5,

of a first phase of construction. This project-process,

what about gestation time for the inhabitants and the

approached in terms of a “conceptual driver”, can then

municipal actors to absorb and to adopt a first phase

freely assimilate different scenarios, since it is not fixed.

of transformation?

The risk in proposals of this kind lies in the capacity

A second attitude is to project a global vision,

to convince clients to move forward with a project

accompanied by a process of phasing over time, in

that they cannot fully visualise. The project strategy

which the first step — the project “starter” — is much

must therefore be sufficiently robust to assimilate the

more complete and ready for rapid implementation (in

fact that the construction and self-construction of the

terms of economic resources and feasibility). Here, the

project follow a predefined processual vision, but a

subsequent phases are a scenario, and the successive

vision that can also be altered, adjusted to the events

steps through to completion of the projected vision,

that transpire in the course of transformation. The main

unfold with varying degrees of dexterity. Certain phases

advantage of these project-processes is that their

can be preliminary, such as a slow productive latency

potential for feasibility is embedded in the project itself.

of soil decontamination in preparation for a subsequent

However, can the teams accept the risk of placing the

phase of construction. This is the case, for example,

emphasis on active regeneration processes if clients

with the shortlisted project in Aurillac, A Cours et A

and juries remain nervous about such proposals? Is it

Jardins (fig.19).

time for clients to overcome their fear of the unknown

The use of the temporal dimension to regenerate a site

in order to pursue more processual projects on their

can also underpin a third, less common approach, a

territories?

17 — ÉVREUX (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — ARTICULATIONS D’INTÉRÊT COLLECTIF > SEE MORE P170

18 — GRAZ (AT), SHORTLISTED — THE COLLABORATIVE MILE


19 — AURILLAC (FR), SHORTLISTED — A COURS ET A JARDINS

20 — AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL), SHORTLISTED — PRODUCTIVE PEOPLE, HAPPY PEOPLE

21 — TORRELAVEGA (ES), SPECIAL MENTION — DE LA MANZANA AL MERCADO > SEE MORE P191

INFRASTRUCTURE AS A PRODUCTION SPACE.

functions to be maintained, many teams sought to

THE PROCESS AS A DRIVER OF CHANGE

devise active processes of transformation. The question

As part of the objective of bringing productive spaces

they tried to answer was how to transform a place

back into the heart of cities, infrastructure — in all its

gradually in such a way that its functional transition is

typological diversity — seems to offer a genuine (two-

logical and economically viable? That is the challenge

or three-dimensional) resource space for productive

of Europan 14, and why the teams need to be creative

regeneration. Indeed, the development of active or

in their proposals for processes of change. This is also

passive mobilities demands a programme for the

the source of the complexity of the project, and the

transformation of infrastructures and the spaces

key to its feasibility. How to enact the transformation?

associated with them. The development of active

What interventions to start with? What might be the

mobilities in the heart of European cities is releasing

impacts of these initial interventions on the place? How

certain infrastructures from passive mobility, with the

can these impacts become drivers for the progressive

result that they become spaces of “architectural”

regeneration of these infrastructures? Ultimately, are

character, with the potential for new uses (Madrid car

not the method or the conceptual strategy employed

parks). Under these circumstances, infrastructure

to convert infrastructures into spaces of production as

becomes a latent resource for the productive city, with

important as aesthetics in the quest to produce a space

potential for adaptation, for transformation, that cities

of genuine quality?

and urban designers need to exploit. From the point of view of usage and programming, there is also the question of identifying the appropriate type of production. Linked with the regeneration of infrastructure, this question can also be approached in terms of the history of the place and of local needs. In other words, productive use can partially derive from the place itself and its legacy. It can in part reflect a local culture, rather than simply being “parachuted” into place. There are many different kinds of production that could be reintroduced into the city: industrial, digital, cultural, agricultural, social, artisanal, etc. Productive regeneration can also entail a mix of these types of production, and can even imagine an approach that is reversible, adaptable, allowing systems of production to vary with the different timeframes of the site. An example of this approach is De la manzana al mercado (fig.21), the special mention project in Torrelavega. Finally, in order for infrastructural transformation to move in step with the transition in mobility, and for certain

Fraade, R, Who’s afraid of the petextrian? The blaffer, 2018 2 Millard- Ball, A, Pedestrians, autonomous vehicles and cities, journal of planning education research, 2017 3 D’Arienzo, Younès, Ressources urbaines latentes, Métis Presse, 2016 4 Cité de l’architecture et du patrimoine, Réver(cités), villes recyclables et résilientes, AMC, 2016 5 Ariella Masboungi, Berlin le génie de l’improvisation, Parenthèses, 2017 6 Léchot-Hirt Lysianne, Recherche-création en design. Réflexions et modèles pour une pratique expérimentale, Métis Presses, 2010 1

155


AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL) SCALES — L - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Amsterdam

LOCATION — Piarcoplein

OWNER OF THE SITE — Gemeente Amsterdam

POPULATION — City 835,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Assignment to design one

STRATEGIC SITE — 10.2 ha / PROJECT SITE — 1.86 ha

part of the public space in Piarcoplein

Sabine Lebesque — Department of City Development, City of Amsterdam. Investors Office for Housing / Team Spatial Quality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Sloterdijk Centrum, originally an office buildings area from the eighties with a lot of vacancy, with a train station and a transit area for cars and bus station, is to be transformed into a mixed living and working area. A lot of office buildings have been transformed into hotels or short stay apartments and empty plots are tendered for housing. The changes of the area are occurring extremely rapidly. On the other hand the public space and human scale is still of low quality. There is a deep interest from the City Council to upgrade the area in its liveability. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The Sloterdijk Centrum area is at the border of Amsterdam 156

harbour, which turns out to be a big economic driver of the city. A lot of productivity of all kinds is taking place there. The idea is that some of this productivity could be pulled into the Sloterdijk Centrum area. But at the same time the human scale productivity is being activated, small businesses, could be stimulated in this area. This goes together with creating a better public space that increases the liveability in this transformation area. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The city is asking the winners, likely with the collaboration of the runner-ups, to think about the void under the railway tracks considering various elements: 1- A higher attractiveness of the spaces making a connection between the different streets around Piarcoplein, for cyclist and pedestrians. 2- Studies about the way the void spaces can be used in a more useful way and attractive way, (art, culture, sport, small productivity etc.) 3- Proposals to use the walls of the station in a better way (design, new function). The city is looking forward to see inspiring proposals and different scenarios.


Undergrowth

AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Federica Andreoni (IT), Mattia Biagi (IT),

CONTACT — info@gnomone.com

Annachiara Bonora (IT), Valeria Lollobattista (IT),

www.gnomone.com

Marco Mondello (IT), Valerio Socciarelli (IT), Architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Undergrowth” consists in bushes and

plants growing together under the trees in a forest. We should deal with the undergrowth of the Sloterdijk area in order to foster vibration and proximity in the neighbourhood. It is strategic to typologically think about the future Piarcoplein as a square able to receive all the systems that arrive there. A square is a precise answer to rethinking the productive city: a hybrid space like a support for different aspects of city life. Naturally characterized by co-presence of activities, a square can spatially interpret a circular and diffused production. Lively squares need to be mainly mineral, enclosed and defined by continuous and active borders; so erecting new volumes with certain proportions is necessary in order to dialogue with the groundscape. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal comes up with a simple

solution for a complex situation through the creation of a public square with clearly defines boundaries under the existing infrastructure’s structure. The scheme creates a well-dimensioned square with buildings under the tracks without disturbing the flow of the different users. This set-up follows the logic of traditional arches underneath train tracks creating special spaces that offer interesting locations for additional urban programs in a friendly and transparent way. The scheme is smart in the way that it is organising the program at the ground level.

157


Urban Platform 158

AMSTERDAM PIARCOPLEIN (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Michele Angelo Vallicelli (IT), Giulia Panadisi (IT),

CONTACT — Node Architecture, Roma (IT)

Annalisa Pilati (IT), Architects

michelangelo_v@yahoo.it, info@nodearchitecture.it www.nodearchitecture.it

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Digital Work and Placemaking for

Piarcoplein. This proposal aims at investigating how digital and physical connectivity can recombine an existing transit oriented development into an urban platform. Considering work activities as a core productive factor for cities, workplace digitalization has in fact implications not only for the architectural scale, but for the overall urban space. Within this framework, we proposed the design for a digital and physical infrastructure that allows local collaboration in space and provides a virtual environment of local connectivity that works as a City Operating System. This can support the temporary location of small industries or researchers using the digital infrastructure to conduct experiments, potentially collaborating and exchanging knowledge. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project creates a very interesting

connection between the station and its surrounding by linking the different squares. The design brings together the different movements and flows in the area. By introducing a new mid-level movement system, the project creates a landscape underneath the elevated train tracks of folded footpaths and pavilions with urban program and places to stay. This proposal is using the different movements and flux, but at the same time is integrating “the bypass” and the parking, which makes it worth looking at it seriously.


ASCHAFFENBURG (DE) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — GBW Group, city of Aschaffenburg

LOCATION — Aschaffenburg “Damm”, Mühlstrasse

OWNER OF THE SITE — GBW Group

POPULATION — City ±70,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban planning

STRATEGIC SITE — ±5ha / PROJECT SITE — ±3.3ha

framework, building construction

Marc-Christian Hodapp — GBW Gruppe 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The street (Schillerstraße) will be transformed from a thoroughfare to a local street. In parts, it means that the area around the high-rise building should be activated and renewed. The building itself should be transformed and adapted to present and future needs under consideration of the actual users. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

If possible, the work/living combinations can be planned in the flats. The areas of the courtyard around the building should be qualified and given to more differentiated uses. There could be commercial uses on the ground floor as long as they get together with the housing. Perhaps, production should be considered more widely here. The goal here is to think production as social interactions, creating spaces 160

between the private and the public spheres. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

In the beginning there will be a communication process between the GBW and the city of Aschaffenburg for a joint effort to realise a project. Therefore the results are a good base for creating a common image for the building and the street. In a second step we would like to bring the winning team and the city together in a workshop.


Wohnterrassen am Schillereck

ASCHAFFENBURG (DE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Guobin Shen (CN), Kilian Juraschitz (DE),

CONTACT — atelier kaiser shen, Stuttgart (DE)

Architects

T. +49 71166453020, info@atelierkaisershen.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project site, with its high-rise building

at the intersection of Schillerstrasse and Mühlenstrasse, together with Michaelsplatz will formulate new squares instead of the existing traffic junction. The new façade with encircling balconies will give a new appearance of the high-rise building, in a more contemporary and elegant way. The added balconies will be supported by their own structural system. The parapets of the existing windows will be removed to make the balcony accessible directly from the room. The Renovation of the high-rise building also generates the opportunity to optimize the existing typology and size of the flats. The main building structure will be kept and cleared up. The walls, which are not part of the structure, could be removed easily to generate different sizes of flats. The additional balconies will create more quality of sojourn for the inhabitants. JURY POINT OF VIEW — With a border and an addition to the

existing high-rise building, the work creates a new category for using areas that belong to the flats and also helps facilitating the work in the flats. At the same time, with the additions, further use possibilities for the residents are promoted on the ground floor, also as a result of the surroundings. As a whole, the work represents a handling of the new mixture of uses and the implementation of a productive city is suitable for the location and promotes individual productivity in small steps.

161


Hummelo 162

AUTHOR(S) — Mercè Amat (ES), Architect

ASCHAFFENBURG (DE) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — Barcelona (ES) , T. +34 654868542

amat.merce@gmail.com, www.merceamat.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The proposal consists in transforming

the built environment by integrating new outdoor spaces in three different scales: the Street, the Building and the Apartment. The Street: Transforming the street by reducing space for traffic and adding more vegetation and cycling paths connecting the site with the surroundings. The Building: A new garden is created surrounding the existing building that generates a diffuse boundary between the public and private. Large delimited gardens will be selfmanaged involving different social agents. The ground floor is highly regenerated allowing the creation of two commercial spaces that will enhance the activity and life in the area. The Apartment: An open space is integrated in every housing to improve the living conditions. This open space will be semi-protected by transparent windows that will improve its conditions throughout the year, especially in winter where they can be used as green houses. JURY POINT OF VIEW — With its minimalist interventions, the work

represents the lower end of interventions that have to be made so as to improve the property, and the surroundings. It does so in a very subtle way, taking the inhabitants into consideration, since the building is currently rented. The upgrading begins in the new exits from the flats and continues in the new ground floor zones. These are expanded through removing the ground floor level in a clever, but complex way, thus facilitating a look into and utilisation of the basement level.


AURILLAC (FR) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

heritage office for Cantal) and Caisse des Dépôts (public

LOCATION — City centre

management office)

POPULATION — City 26,572 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Community of Aurillac and ENGIE

STRATEGIC SITE — 50 ha

(plot AN 240) and the old offices of the public veternary

PROJECT SITE — 7.3 ha

services DSV (Cantal County Council)

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Aurillac in partnership

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban and/or architectural

with SEBA15 (Semi-public development company for

feasibility studies and/or project development to initiate

the Aurillac Basin), Cantal UDAP (public architecture and

with partners

Pierre Mathonier — Mayor of Aurillac 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The site, which is composed of a parking lot and former industrial lands, is separated from the old city centre by the Jordanne River and is not connected to it. The issue is to renew this area through different economic, cultural and touristic uses. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

In an attempt to re-qualify this site and to redefine its links with the historical centre, Aurillac Municipality would like to propose new production activities, especially food, energy as well as cultural production. The idea is to create a direct interaction between the citizens and their 164

environment — an environment thought to be productive. The theme of productivity must be understood in its wide definition. Not a single way of thinking must be ruled out since it is likely to connect citizens to “housing” and “productivity”. As a result, there are various fields to explore such as reconquering the housing, developing commercial or economic activities or even assuring the development of cultural and touristic sectors. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

32 teams of young architects gathered and worked on the site of Aurillac demonstrating the appeal of this site. After deeper looks at the various propositions, great planning principles have been set up: the site “multi-functional” legitimacy and the “possible mutations of uses and functions”. The Europan competition of ideas must be used as an inspiration to write another chapter of Aurillac’s history.


The Great Park

AURILLAC (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Simon Gabillard (FR), Héloïse Bouju (FR),

Economic analysts; Louise Bassigny (FR), Interior architect;

Landscape architects; Mercè Pagès (CAT), Architect

Clément Berthollet (FR), Landscape architect

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Manon Bouju (FR), Manuel Hennin (FR),

CONTACT — T. +33 642947243, simongabillard@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Jordanne River Gets Down Town.

Our project considers the site as a mediator between the historical city centre and the countryside open lands: the Great Park is a landscape equipment, an extensive public space with multiple uses, including car parks, energy production and activities. Its 1.5km promenade brings large-scale perspectives in Aurillac’s heart. The project relies on the landscape structure drawn by the Jordanne and Visitation, the Engie buildings and the infrastructure inherited from the all-car system: broad, levelled and easily transformable. The aim is to turn mono-functionality into hybridity, by creating spaces that are flexible, generous, mixed, which generate frictions and encounters. Then the Great Park acts as an interface between productive activities as well as a place for emerging productions. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A balanced proposal, with an appropriate

position on both the site and the larger landscape in relation to the size and configuration of the city. The site proposals are on the theme of productive cities and deal with different forms of production (agricultural, energy, economic and social).

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Panoplie 166

AURILLAC (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Maxime Lefranc (FR), Bertrand Robuchon (FR),

CONTACT — ACLAA, Paris (FR)

Vivien Gimenez (FR), Architects

T. +33 172380613, agence@aclaa.fr www.aclaa.fr, www.viviengimenezarchitecture.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our project proposes to reconcile and revitalize the historic public

space uniting the two banks of the Jordanne river. We suggest building a “silo car park”, south of Gravier, to free the public space of cars. It will become an iconic facility, and provide a multitude of urban services through an inhabited ‘epidermis’: vertical garden, platform of activities, multifunctional stage. On Engie site, the strategy will be based on the expectations of future users. The challenge is to define together a program, based on the exchange between professionals, schools and local actors, to imagine a shared city, based on local and direct production. This co-constructed project offers a Panoply, a toolbox for the new “rurban” citizen motivated by the desire to be active.

JURY POINT OF VIEW — A complete and

detailed proposal for an evolving project that allows a variety of uses and activities by proposing an architectural solution to handle the organisation. The proposal is clear, particularly the principle of reversibility and parking-lot adaptability, which is a central topic for the Aurillac site.


Savoir Terre

AURILLAC (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Florence Carrières (FR), Architect-urbanist;

CONTACT — Paris (FR)

Perrine Vouillon (FR), Sabine Bachelet (FR), Nelly Revol-Buisson

T. +33 695364346

(FR), Architects; Guillaume Blaise (FR), Building engineer

savoirterre.e14@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project uses the landscape as

raw material and structure for the future rural territory aiming at highlighting the existing heritage. The river Jordanne is the link of the project, which allows exploring the territory. All along its banks, the limited facilities will become gathering places. From the edges to the city centre, the rural landscape, with its productive nature, returns gradually into the urban landscape. The program combines local, agricultural, energy, economic and social production in order to bring back attractiveness to the heart of the city and an additional offer on the banks of the river. Free from parking lots, the public spaces are dedicated again to pedestrians. These new spaces, which were developed with the participation of the inhabitants, offer a new dynamism to Aurillac.

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ÉVREUX (FR) SCALES — L/S - Urban / architectural

Commerce et d’Industrie (CCI) Portes de Normandie,

LOCATION — The Chartraine axis, from the train station to

l’Etablissement Public Foncier (EPF) de Normandie, CAUE

the university

27, and the University

POPULATION — City 49,722 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — CA Évreux Portes de Normandie,

STRATEGIC SITE — 180 ha / PROJECT SITE — 32 ha

city of Évreux, SNCF Réseau, Eure Départemental Council

SITE PROPOSED BY — CA Évreux Portes de Normandie,

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Studies of urban and

city of Évreux, with Normandie Region, Eure Départemental

architectural feasibility, guideline plan, and/or development

Council, SNCF Réseau (rail network) Chambre de

project for public spaces

Europan France 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Victim of deindustrialization and urban sprawl, the city is seeking to regenerate economic development by capitalizing in on its know-how and heritage assets: heritage in the service of a territory-wide economic base and the economy in service of the enhancement of heritage. The station area and its progressive multimodal status is a social, cultural, economic and real estate opportunity to revitalise the city and its territory. Between two urban entities, the station and city centre, the city has grasped the importance of defining a strong fundamental public space, with productive and therefore attractive streets. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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A genuine “frontier zone”, uncrossable and even inhospitable, the station area has become an important space that rhythms daily life in the city while at the same time a public space suffering from a lack of definition. It is question of proposing in this context the structure of an urban diversity that avoids mono-functional programmes that could block the sector again. How to introduce new activities, complementary and diverse, using both the influence of major transport infrastructures and their development potential, while relying on the fundamental urban, landscaped and cultural heritage of the city? 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The process will start with a presentation of the projects to the city and the agglomeration. Then, a period of consultation should follow because there are in the 3 prize-winning projects many proposals and ideas that must be debated and deepened.


Underlying Cultures

ÉVREUX (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Clémence Aubrée (FR), Léna Hinault-Kaiser (FR),

CONTACT — Saint-Brieuc (FR)

Architects

T. +33 688040072, atelier.calhk@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The city of Évreux has developed along

the valley of the River Iton, in a territory made of large agricultural plateaux. Today, roads as well as urban and commercial areas have developed and spread beyond the valley. The project Underlying cultures has 3 objectives, one suggestion being to heal the territory in order think about Évreux as a productive city. The urban process is both about densifying the valley sector with mixed planning of housing, facilities and commercial activities; and about protecting plateaux from urbanisation. The key issue is to address the porous nature of the city borders with new agricultural activities respectful of the environment. The result of which will reinforce and add value to the landscape formed by the hills with various agricultural activities. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A project tied to the territory and testifying

to an astute analysis of its potentials. The subject of agriculture and the reinvestment of neglected spaces is relevant and responds to the problems of the site, at the scale of both the larger territory and the train station.

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Articulations d’intérêt collectif

ÉVREUX (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — François Massin Castan (FR),

CONTACT — Nantes (FR)

Julie Travers (FR), Architects

T. +33 787201580

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Mélanie Richer (FR), Student in Architecture

framascas@gmail.com, www.framascas.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our initial posture is to consider the productive features of a city

as its capacity to generate exchanges of any kind, favouring the meeting of users with varied chronotopes. For it is these exchanges — whether of goods, services, or knowledge — that make the city. Set by the valley, the urban fabric of Évreux highlights a sum of longitudinal flows that we wish to reconsider by putting in place three tools, allowing various chronotopes to meet: polycentric catalysts with mobility and activity issues, proactive interventions located in one North-South strategic axis, and hybrid dynamics based on shared knowledge between users for the renewal of the train station. These tools are urban articulations of collective interest aiming to reveal existing forces and enhance upcoming synergies.

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The Spread-Out Train Station

ÉVREUX (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Adrien Ory (FR), Estelle Sauvaitre (FR),

CONTACT — Nantes (FR)

Noémie Corbel (FR), Architects

T. +33 628910184 , socle.atelier@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Confronted with the city centre’s falling

commercial legacy, in favour of a more competitive and more sought after suburban lifestyle, which qualities bring to the train station area in order to reassert the city centre’s productivity in an average town as Évreux? The train station is a key point to dispatch flows. Spreading it out allows for the emergence of a shared space between travellers, inhabitants and workers. It is a tool to reconnect a territory from relying on what already exists here and there. The Spread-Out Train Station seeks to create a rhythm, a transplant on the existing historical and constructed landscape structures at its breaking points. It asserts its own particularities against generic metropolitan train station areas by a mantra: Being productive is being collective!


GRAZ (AT) SCALES — L – Urban / Architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Graz, Department of Urban

LOCATION — Kärntner Straße

Development

POPULATION — 320,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban masterplan and

STRATEGIC SITE — 110 ha / PROJECT SITE — 43 ha

design guide for public space; pilot scheme for other

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Graz

access roads

Martin Zettel — Unit for Public Space in the Department of Urban Planning, City of Graz in consultation with Bernhard Inninger — Head of the Department of Urban Planning, City of Graz 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The new zoning plan should trigger an investment boost leading to the following developments: higher density in building construction activities and new activities, as well as a new category or role model for access roads transforming the existing road into an urban boulevard. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The existing situation is already set up by various productive trade and businesses — on one hand this should not be eliminated but instead sustained, on the other hand supplemented in form of a street-sided mixed-use development. 172

3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The new zoning plan is already in its final phase, the zoning map (Bebauungsplan) is imposed and public participation processes should be strongly implemented. A first planning process for the new road design already started.


Unfolding the Fan

GRAZ (AT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Radostina Radulova-Stahmer (AT),

CONTACT — STUDIO D3R

Architect-urbanist

Mannheim (DE) / Graz (AT)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Deniza Horländer (DE), Architect

info@studiod3r.com, www.studiod3r.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Unfolding the Fan proposes the

development of the linear street into an open space network linking the element of the street in the depth with the surrounding landscape, from the hills to the Mur landscape. The linearity of the streetscape is subdivided through green corridors permeating the Kärntner street, creating four different sequences with specific characters. Dense closed building typologies frame the streetscape. The fanlike arrangement creates a rhythm of the street and breaks it down to human scale. The street buildings are three to five stories high but are, also, highly permeable in order to create a dense network to increase walkable distances of maximum ten minutes. Small-scale urban housing typologies are mediating between the backbone of the street and the residential area behind. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project addresses three main issues:

lateral connections, the identification of different sequences and the pooling of plots. The proposal is highly acknowledged for looking at a broader scale and connecting the Kärtner Strasse with transversal links to the broader periphery. Thereby, the proposal aims at creating new centralities both on the main street and in the intersecting streets. The project shows a sensitive approach to the streetscape and its different stages. It interprets the street as a series of urban nodes at crossing points of important transversal connections. These nodes act as local sub-centres and define the network of the city on a larger scale.

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Backyard Forward!

GRAZ (AT) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Leonard Higi (DE), Anna Kübler (DE),

CONTACT — Team kollektivnordsüd, Tübingen (DE)

Architects-urbanists;

T. +49 15154711511

Christiane Kolb (DE), Urbanist, landscape architect

hello@kollektivnordsued.de, www.kollektivnordsued.de

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Backyard Forward!” by kollektivnordsüd

is based on a broad conception of urban productivity. This comprises more than light and heavy industry and material output. It defines itself as the product of a city’s emergent processes — the surplus a city delivers beyond pure self-sufficiency. The traditional typology of the backyard is interpreted in a new way and mediates between different morphologies — detached housing in the second row and Kärntner Strasse. It also accommodates different typologies, which again attract a wide range of uses. The common yard area promotes exchange, communication and creates its own identity. The stable framework is completed by public facilities and places which accompany the new multi-modal mobility channel of Kärntner Strasse and serve as backbone for a long-term transformation process.

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Good Morning City!

GRAZ (AT) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Natalia Vera Vigaray (ES), Patxi Martin (ES),

CONTACT — office-shophouse, Bangkok (TH), T. +66 989670431

Tijn Van de Wijdeven (NL), Architects

atofficeshophouse@gmail.com, www.office-shophouse.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Good Morning City! is based on transitions

in space, motion and time. The project incorporates incremental, spatial limits and thresholds from street to room. Experience is generated through distinct degrees of speed, destinations and subjective interests. Good Morning City! is not based on a final image; the qualities of the neighbourhood are embedded along intermediate stages of change and development. We intend to unify working and living conditions by means of progressive development in which intensification of the built environment is the key to generate an alternative entry to Graz. The productive city is not understood as a programmatic attempt but rooted within the process of urbanization itself.


HELSINKI (FI) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Helsinki and other site

LOCATION — Helsinki Laajasalo

owners

POPULATION — City 630,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Post-competition seminar

STRATEGIC SITE — 50 ha / PROJECT SITE — 12 ha

with site representatives, selection of one winning team for

SITE PROPOSED BY — Helsinki City Planning Department

an implementation process

Anri Linden — architect SAFA, office manager, Eastern office, City Planning Department of Helsinki 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main goal in Laajasalo is to convert the existing motorway into an urban boulevard with urban structure surrounding it on both sides. There will be a considerable amount of new housing and other types of buildings in the area since Helsinki is growing rapidly. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The new street should become a lively focal point of the area with different functions including retail, offices, workshops etc. The goal is to find a harmonious structure where all these functions work hand in hand with each other, with the new housing and the inhabitants of the area. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC

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PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The City of Helsinki will collaborate with the winning team to make detailed plans for the area in the coming years. There is a tramline planned to open in 2026 and the plans should be complete a few years before that.


Lateral Coalescence

HELSINKI (FI) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Lotta Kindberg (FI), Nea Tuominen (FI), Architects

CONTACT — Komitea Architects, Helsinki (FI)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Rachel Murray (NZ), Architect

T. +358 407680878, hello@komiteark.fi, www.komiteark.fi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project deals with the expansion of

Helsinki city towards the Eastern suburban area of Laajasalo Island, transforming the existing highway into a new urban boulevard. The site is home to a delicate wetland harbour, pine forest to the West,

HARBOUR ISLAND EDGE

and existing town amenities in the East. How to meet the required density allocation for Laajasalo, without disturbing the natural environment? Our strategy was to reconcile urbanism and nature; using the landscape to direct our design, while in turn using density and productive activity to bring people closer to the landscape. The result is an intensified mixed-use urban boulevard intersected by

WEST LAAJASALONTIE BOULEVARD EDGE

a shared street in the East-West direction, connecting the city with the sea and the forest. This axis forms a secondary spine for a new artificial island and marina-view residential area. The forest, wetland edge and harbour pier are preserved, ensuring that the new urban landscape remains distinctive to Laajasalo. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal is based on an insightful

identification of the existing characteristics and conditions offered

MARKET HALL, SQUARE AND TERRACE

by the site. It includes elements such as a busy traffic corridor, a dormant island suburb, architecturally and historically significant buildings, a 100-year-old copse of pine trees and a quiet bay. The urban fabric is based on making good use of these elements and their perimeter interfaces. The proposal is one of the best entries in striking a balance between the type of boulevard, the natural assets, the nucleus of the new local centre and the link to the sea.

NORTH LAAJASALONTIE BOULEVARD EDGE

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Waterfront Twist 178

HELSINKI (FI) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Jari Lonka (FI), Antti Mentula (FI), Architects

CONTACT — L Architects ltd.

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Julio Orduña Sánchez (FI/MX),

jari.lonka@l-ark.fi, www.l-ark.fi, www.facebook.com/larkkitehdit/

Matías Celayes (FI/AR), 3D designers

www.instagram.com/l_architects/, @LonkaJari

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The plan creates a vibrant urban boulevard

with a strong connection to the sea. Its designed solutions and functional strategies can be applied well beyond the Laajasalo site. At the central part of the area, the East-West placement and the gradually rising heights of the buildings allow long views towards the sea. A small coordinate twist in the urban grid creates a connecting axis from the sea to the boulevard. The longitudinal housing typologies, on the Northern and Southern parts of the area, adapt to various urban contexts and terrain conditions. The “Boulevard modularity” housing system allows the creation of multiple housing combinations for multiple dwellers. The “Urban Synergy” principle offers a strategic solution for productive use of the Ground and First floors near the boulevard. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The overall plan presented in the proposal

is well balanced. The boulevard is perceived as a compact urban space flanked by buildings. The block models have been skilfully fitted into the location. The blocks are successfully sequenced based on the surrounding urban tissue. Access to the sea is provided to link the local centre to the bay. The price to be paid for this is that rock needs to be cut from the hill, but the benefits outweigh the losses. The proposal is also carefully thought out and sure-footed in terms of traffic arrangements.


Make Laajasalo Productive Again

HELSINKI (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Laura Martínez (ES), Paula Fernández (ES),

CONTACT — Ciudad Taller

Architects; Wojciech Kębłowski (PL), Geographer;

ci.ta.europan@gmail.com

Aníbal Hernández (ES), Anthropologist

www.ciudadtaller.weebly.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — This project brings production back to

the city; production considered as a life centered process whose purpose is to satisfy material and social needs of communities. By expanding the definition of production to embrace activities outside the generation of exchange value, we also unveil the “productive” model of urbanism that may be encouraged, how it may be implemented, and who should be the key agents involved in its development. We delineate three PRINCIPLES as central to making any neighbourhood productive: Embeddedness, Progressivity and Self-Management. These guide open DIRECTIONS for Laajasalo’s transformation: Collectivization, Renaturalization and DeMobilization. They materialize in a system of PLUG-INS that support the transformation of the area.

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MADRID (ES) SCALES — XL/S – Urban and/or Architectural

Descalzas/San Martín 4,772.64 sqm; Plaza del Carmen

LOCATION — District, Area around Gran Vía / 6 Plazas

5,494.73 sqm; Plaza de Pedro Zerolo 4.960,22 sqm

POPULATION — 3,165,883 inhab.

SITE PROPOSED BY — Madrid City Council

STRATEGIC SITE — 823,540 sqm

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public

PROJECT SITE — Plaza de los Mostenses 6,432.35 sqm;

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Construction project

Plaza de Santo Domingo 7,102.48 sqm; Plaza de las

José Luis Infanzón Priore — General Director of Public space, Works and infrastructures. City Council of Madrid 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The specific goals proposed by Madrid for Europan 14 lie within the framework of the overall objectives defined for the development of the city: - Encouragement of the productive city; - Territorial rebalancing and social cohesion; - Environmental, economic, social and cultural sustainability; - Improvement of the quality of life and habitability of the urban environment. These goals are materialized in the competition area in the form of the recovery and naturalization of 6 degraded squares containing parking lots at the rear of one of the city’s major thoroughfares — the Gran Vía. This initiative includes the potential to transform these underground car parks, all built in the 1970s. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES

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OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The possibility of transforming the underground car parks in these squares is an opportunity to stimulate the idea of the productive city. From an urban planning perspective, it assists the current policy commitment to a complex city with a mix of uses in which production, exchanges of merchandise and residence can coexist in an integrated way. The competition proposal encourages the emergence of hybrid spaces where residential uses can blend in a non-aggressive way with productive, logistical and service uses of the city. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

This competition is the starting point for the development of a transformation strategy for a series of squares with underground car parks in Madrid’s central zone. It is a complementary initiative that accompanies others aimed at transforming the streets and major thoroughfares in the city centre as part of a new mobility model.

PLAZA DE LOS MOSTENSES


Common Ground

MADRID (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Diego Martín Sánchez (ES),

CONTACT — furii studio, Tokyo (JP)

Noemí Gómez Lobo (ES), Architects

T. +81 7044091043, hola@furiistudio.com, www.furiistudio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The proposal focuses in how to re-

appropriate the underground parking, going from car-architecture to people-architecture. Designed for the car, the parking is a typology that has very specific architectural features. Potential operations are suggested to enable basic habitability conditions. This set aims at being a bottom-up tool for negotiation with citizens, municipality and other actors. Understanding productivity not only from a functionalist point of view but regarding from a social perspective, we mapped the civic tissue of the area. These resilient spaces make Madrid more livable enabling reproductive activities such as caring, repairing or educating. The result is a publicly managed infrastructure that incorporates programmable spaces by citizens in constant readjustment. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A three-stage intervention strategy is

proposed to recover public spaces in the city centre, consisting of “hacking” the underground car parks, moving from “car architecture” to ‘people architecture’. The interest of this strategy lies in its detailed analysis of the different parking types, which results in a toolkit of subtraction and addition operations. In conjunction with participation by local residents, this facilitates a wide range of solutions.

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On the Blue Summer Evenings 182

MADRID (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Santiago Cifuentes Barrio (ES), Architect

CONTACT — Cifuentes Costales Arquitectura, Madrid (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Eva Cuadrado (ES), Juan Francisco

T. +34 679551448

Buendía (ES), Architects

info@cifuentescostales.com, www.cifuentescostales.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Gran Vía, the heart of the historic city. An

axial urban centrality congested by the constant flux of visitors. It urgently needs to expand beyond its current limits. Our proposal focuses on the extension of this centrality, merging the great commercial avenue with its adjacent squares and streets. A new public space of reference. An urban complex that consists on two sub-systems: 1. Gran vía and its side streets, metropolitan commercial and leisure hub. 2. New perimetral belt, connecting the six squares and expanding the limits of the gran vía centrality through the following projectual strategies: A. Greenscape strategy. Integration of nature into the city centre Green loop, a gentle stroll under the shading trees around the historic city centre. B. Groundscape strategy. Reactivation of the productive activity integrating new uses on the first level of the existing underground car parks. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project includes urban green areas

as the basis for the recovery of the city and its pedestrian routes, completely transforming the current image of hard spaces. The jury appreciated its proposal of solutions that will vegetate building walls. The jury also appreciated the balance between the transformed public space and the newly generated inhabitable spaces. The proposed public spaces and interiors are of high quality.


Air Matter(s)

MADRID (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Jorge Martín Sainz de los Terreros (ES), Architect-urbanist, researcher; Miguel Martín Sánchez (ES), Architect-urbanist

CONTACT — Expose Propose Politicise (EPP), Madrid (ES) T. +34 650616025 / +34 699581146 info@exposeproposepoliticise.com www.exposeproposepoliticise.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In this project, air is the matter with which new urban environments

are built. By foregrounding the invisible, the focus on what counts, as an actor in city, is shifted. Different particles and molecules of air are actively involved in the production processes of the city. Hence, air is made visible, or better, ‘sensitised’: air is felt, smelled, experienced, sensed, breathed... The intervention proposes an infrastructure that purifies Madrid´s urban air and, in doing so, it also metabolises by-products from pollution. Our project is a productive infrastructure (called AIR System) that builds environments for, with and through air. The infrastructure consists in a series of air filters—movable and car-like sized—that are introduced in former parking spaces. The polluted air is sucked, cleaned, moisturised, refreshed and aromatised before it is given back to the squares of the city.

Nature Injections AUTHOR(S) — Miguel Alonso González (ES), Architect

183 MADRID (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — Avilés (ES), T. +34 635372078

miguel.alonsog28@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The urban complexity reached in the

centre of Madrid leads to rethink the roles of its infrastructures. The excess of traffic as well as the lack of balance among activities in this area requires making transformations in the most versatile pieces of the urban framework, the squares. Thereby, this proposal aims at converting the existing underground car parks in new facilities. Moreover, the reorganization of circulations and the creation of merchandise distribution centres liberate in large extent the representative spaces from the road traffic. Finally, should be noted the role of the visual permeability between the surface of the squares and the lower floors, what it supposes is an important resource in order to revitalize the urban space.


MÜNCHEN / TAUFKIRCHEN (DE) SCALES — L/S - Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — GEWOFAG Wohnen GmbH

LOCATION — München Neuperlach and Taufkirchen

OWNER OF THE SITE — GEWOFAG Wohnen GmbH

“Am Wald”

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — A separate procedure

POPULATION — City ±1.5 M inhab.

is required for the award of the planning contract in

STRATEGIC SITE — A/B ±40 ha / C/D ±90 ha

compliance with VgV, e.g implementation or refinement

PROJECT SITE — A ± 2 ha / B ±1.5 ha / C ±5 ha / D ±8 ha

of the system

Dr. Doris Zoller — GEWOFAG 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The sealed parking areas of the 1960s and 1970s housing developments should be renewed and complemented. One goal was to develop urban modules, like prototypes, that could be placed on similar areas in order to redensify these areas. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The areas in consideration are mainly housing areas. Therefore, the integration of the production process, as we classically know it, is regarded as difficult. Nevertheless, the creation of work/living combinations within the buildings would be possible. Additional commercial uses associated with housing and social facilities enhancing the living units are also possible. 184

3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

Workshops with the awarded teams are planned to refine the results. Also, exhibitions with the presence of the teams as well as communication processes with the local actors and the awarded teams will be implemented.


New Proximities

MÜNCHEN/TAUFKIRCHEN (DE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Enrico Casagni (IT), Matteo Chelazzi (IT),

CONTACT — Càret Studio, Firenze (IT)

Federico Cheloni (IT), Giulio Margheri (IT), Architects

info@caretstudio.eu, www.caretstudio.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The entrepreneurs of the productive

economy are looking for the opportunity to inject new life in the decentralised neighbourhoods. Taufkirchen is considered a blueprint for the upcoming development of the city, a new coexistence of work and production together with a set of collective spaces. The different nature of the blocks is physically declared in its image. The two-storey podium attracts different functions serving as the entrance for the residential units, and connecting the parking plot underneath. The residential areal is organized in linear typology placed on top of the podium. The architectural ambition is to develop a language based on a set of simple modules that contain the complexity of the new forms of working and living; a modularity that allows to place the system in diverse context without losing its expression. JURY POINT OF VIEW — From a purely residential building, the work

creates a commercial unit with two ground floor zones for business, work, and social togetherness using simple means. This is not a new concept, but situated in the purely residential area and owned by a housing association responsible for an otherwise purely residential building, it is necessary and therefore innovative. The productive elements have to be closer to the new flats in order to also prevent traffic and give rise to a new togetherness in a then-new city district. The building structure can be generated as a solitaire, a row, or an L-angle, and can therefore be realised in various locations.

185


Small Room / Big Window 186

MÜNCHEN/TAUFKIRCHEN (DE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Jesús Vassallo (ES), Architect

CONTACT — Texas (US)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Yingying Guan (CN), Architect;

T. +1 8322700143

Yulong Li (CN), Evio Isaac (US), Students in Architecture

jv8@rice.edu, www.jesusvassallo.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We understand the housing areas in

Neuperlach and Taufkirchen as an unfinished landscape }— the product of unresolved tensions between different planning approaches at the time of their realization. We propose to reinterpret the existing fabric and to transform it into a more urban and complete whole by replicating existing typologies in order to create denser compositions where the perimeter of each city block is reinforced. Our construction system is based on a three-dimensional prefabricated module made of Cross Laminated Timber panels. In its repetition of a constant dimension and proportion, the wood module lends the project a serial character reminiscent of the housing projects of the Wilhelmine Era. In its specific size, the module is designed to produce a diverse catalogue of social housing units. The brick cladding complements the modular construction generating a continuous skin and a sense of urbanity and decorum. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The work proposes a one-storey,

commercial area with communal and social facilities as well as free time and recreation. The typology takes up the existing structures and supplements them in a sensible way, but simultaneously with its own character. The monotony that emerges has to be compensated for by means of material and colour. The modules proposed represent the smallest possible unit for a flexible design of the sizes and layouts of the flats. The modular construction that is intended can be executed economically and quickly.


wood|LAB AUTHOR(S) — Dennis Winkler (DE), Architect

MÜNCHEN/TAUFKIRCHEN (DE) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — Bremen (DE), T. +49 16094657776

mail@dewink.de, www.dewink.de

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Prototype concept.

The integration of the modular construction system through timberwork mobilises urban niches, enabling space-saving realisations of new living and community areas in a short period of time. Building with CLT (Cross Laminated Timber) massive wood offers many advantages over conventional construction materials, with considerably less “grey energy”, from the extraction of raw materials all the way to waste disposal. The quadratic base module is continuously reconstructed to different sized patterns, whereby it forms the foundation for Rapid Manufacturing. The basic design can be adapted to different situations, resulting in endless opportunities for reconfiguration in order to develop location-specific proposals. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The design convinces with its moderate

building height and building size, which can be flexibly adapted to the respective sites and also result in an increased number of storeys at suitable sites. As a result, the use of this system can come into its own in an inner-city area as well as in a loose settlement area. The public uses planned for the ground floor, which can also be expanded, offer added value for the residents and enliven the open areas. The project provides answers to the various challenges in the residential construction of the future and can be used in a versatile way without seeming arbitrary, even if its use at the properties to be worked on seems insufficiently concentrated.

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TORRELAVEGA (ES) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Government of Cantabria –

LOCATION — National Livestock Market

Torrelavega City Council

POPULATION — City 52,819 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipal

STRATEGIC SITE — 35.94 ha / PROJECT SITE — 13.24 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Building / urban project

Enrique Alonso Moreno — Head of Architecture, Ground Promotion and Building Quality. General Direction of Housing and Architecture. Government of Cantabria 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The proposed Torrelavega Cattle Fair site aims at reusing an underused area, part of the regional primary production sector, which now exceeds the industry’s current spatial requirements. This site is also a physical barrier for the City of Torrelavega, since its large size forces circulation over a large distance around the perimeter of the precinct. Therefore, two objectives are pursued: the reuse of a productive space for other productive uses, and the integration of the Fair precinct within the city, particularly with the adjacent Manuel Barquín Park and the surrounding residential areas. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES

188

OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

For Torrelavega, the reuse of this space involves the reactivation of a productive tradition that is in decline. Torrelavega is the most heavily industrialized city in Cantabria, covering a wide range of sectors, but it now requires revision and reindustrialization. The recovery of this space for new productive uses of different types will contribute to this aim. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The action involving the architectural part of the competition is currently being defined. On the basis of the results, the idea is to begin with the Cattle Fair building and then continue to work on the direct surroundings. In the first stage, the aim is to generate the building that separates the large space and provide with the necessary infrastructure for the various activities that will occupy the transformed spaces.


Vacant Space

TORRELAVEGA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Begoña de Abajo (ES), Irene Campo (ES),

CONTACT — T. +34 915466276 / +34 659630983

Carlos García (ES), Jesús Lazcano (ES), Architects

estudio@espaciovacante.com, www.espaciovacante.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Vacant Space thinks over two contemporary

issues. On the one hand, the integration of infrastructures that have become disconnected spaces from the city, due to a lack of uses. On the other hand, an issue inherent to the contest question, which in Torrelavega National Livestock Market gets even more significant. The building, already related to the productivity of the area from the last decades, needs to be reconsidered and transformed for the needs of the new century. The challenge of the post-industrial city relies on finding new markets and on integrating new uses for underused buildings. For this reason, the proposed strategy consists in relocating the administrative uses into the Switch, a new band, used as a membrane, allowing dividing the main space into two large areas. This will allow simultaneous uses, overlapping the livestock market with other proposed public and urban activities. This strategy also answers to an urban scale, connecting with a new public passage, two areas of the city across the building. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This is an interesting approach to the

old Torrelavega Livestock Fair precinct as an infrastructure that needs urgent upgrading, while maintaining the current functions of the precinct, to be compatible with totally different types of uses that require specific infrastructure and environmental conditions. The project identifies and defines this issue with a rational program which maintains parallel belts of usage. It is a project with minimal architectural transformations and maximised usage possibilities.

189


De vaca negra 190

TORRELAVEGA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Ana Rosa Soria Sánchez (ES),

CONTACT — Paris (FR)

Leticia Martínez Velasco (ES), Carlos Soria Sánchez (ES),

T. +33 761896475

Architects

soria.anarosa@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The urban pattern: Our project suggests

the inclusion of a renovated industry in Torrelavega. Productive spaces are meant to coexist with housing, public equipment and green areas. The perimeter: The actual perimeter of the market is not homogeneous at all. New green areas, a new residence and the relocation of the fire station are proposed to improve the connection between the market and the city. The pavilion: An innovation hub will set out economic activities but also will host new leisure and exhibition areas, the livestock start-ups farm, with three scenarios. The feeder is the place that acts as an incubator feeding ideas. The trap is a suspended support structure that acts as the stage of a theatre allowing a catalogue of experiences. Finally, there is the yard where finished objects are exposed. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project detects the needs resulting

from the current use of the large pavilion, and also suggests solutions for its correct combination with new activities. It proposes a glazed separation space that will allow the parallel use of the different spaces. Two areas are proposed for the pavilion space that is freed up as a result: one for freer, larger-scale uses and another smaller space that hosts flexible uses inside. This space is “designed” and equipped to permit different types of activities. The proposal for the unification of the pavilion’s land with the park means that both spaces will gain in terms of relationships and identity.


De la manzana al mercado

TORRELAVEGA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Raphaël Hoyet (FR), Urbanist;

CONTACT — made in + improvistos, Paris (FR)

Lara Bretones Torrecilla (ES), Alba Navarrete Rodríguez (ES),

T. +33 144836699, contact@made-in.work

Maria García Méndez (ES), Architects-urbanists

www.made-in.work / www.improvistos.org

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Productive paths.

The aim of the project is to use the market transformation as the central piece of a productive urban strategy. We follow three symbolic axis: rural/environmental, industrial/productive and historical/cultural to develop its growth among the city. This traditional approach creates three urban axis crossing spatial and programmatic issues. The rural axis is linked to agriculture, raw materials and natural elements. The crafts axis promotes traditional skills. The urban axis connects valuable places of the city. They cross and meet up in the Market plot and redefine it. This is where all the ingredients are combined and where the urban and business fabrics melt through a training platform mixing traditional with global knowledge for a concrete visibility of the producers.

191


TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI / SE) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Tornio (FI),

LOCATION — TornioHaparanda

ELY centre of Lapland (FI), Orthodox parish of Oulu (FI),

POPULATION — 32,500 inhab.

City of Haparanda (SE)

STRATEGIC SITE — 60 ha / PROJECT SITE — 24 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Post-competition

SITE PROPOSED BY — TornioHaparanda twin city

seminar, selection of one winning team for an implementation process

Jarmo Lokio — Architect SAFA, city architect, City of Tornio 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The development of the site is a continuation of the process of uniting Tornio´s (FI) and Haparanda´s (SE) city centres, starting from the early 2000s. The goal is to connect the city centre to Tornio’s river and along its shoreline to Haparanda. This requires that the route E4 must be transformed to an urban boulevard. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The main issue of the Tornio-Haparanda site is to take both sides of route E4 into productive use — for example workshops, restaurants, cafés, mini-hotels, start-ups etc. And with a new walking and cycling loop to connect them to the existing city centres. 192

3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The first step is to get the political approval to continue with the project. After that, during the spring/summer 2018 there will be a collaborative process with the winners and the local stakeholders - citizens, entrepreneurs, investors, developers and politicians. Then, we will start the detailed planning processes with the winners.


Two Cities One Heart

TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI / SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Vilma Autio (FI), Hanna Kuivalainen (FI),

CONTACT — TREA Team for Resilient Architecture, Helsinki (FI)

Maija Parviainen (FI), Architects

T. +358 407499483 vilma.autio@trearchitecture.fi, www.trearchitecture.fi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The core challenge of the TornioHaparanda

site was imagining spatial interpretations for supporting the coexistence and uniqueness of the TornioHaparanda twin city. The vision of the entry “Two Cities One Heart” is to unite the two cities into one physically connected urban entity with one shared heart by stitching together the urban fabric on each side of the national border. In order to do so, three design strategies have been developed: firstly the TornioHaparanda Loop, secondly the Productive boulevard and finally the Rajakaari park that is defined by an array of neighbourhoods. These core strategies overlap to form the new centre for TornioHaparanda while creating intriguing opportunities for various activities. From two cities separated by the border… to a twin city with one heart! JURY POINT OF VIEW — The entry was carefully researched from all

angles. The urban structures of Haparanda and Tornio were fluently extended on both sides, with the landscaped parkland in between having been meticulously designed. The entry was divided into three elements: “the Loop”, which emphasised the internal connections within the site; “the Productive Boulevard”, which creates cohesion within the urban structure; and “the Park” between the two cities. Presenting connections and traffic along a circular route is a good idea as, in addition to visual and structural cohesion, this also creates pedestrian and bicycle routes with varied views.

193


The Engagement 194

TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI / SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Jean-Michel Humbert (FR), Architect

CONTACT — Washington (US)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) —Sasha Petersen (US), Kelsey Kish (US), Architects;

T. +1 2023676667

Rebekah Armstrong (US), Kristine Pedersen (US), Landscape architects

contact@planh.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — How can we re-imagine productivity at the

intersection of two countries, two cities and three cultures? Our proposal focuses on re-negotiating the hierarchy of elements a border condition creates and questions the future of production. We decided not to let cars dictate the condition of the street, but rather have the pedestrian, the walker, the nature-enthusiast, the cyclist and the young entrepreneur reclaim the landscape. A new public space overlapping the border softens the status of the road and engages the relationship between the two cities, making them stronger, more attractive and closer than ever. Our proposed ringed space embraces the border and marries both sides together while the pattern of dispersal established by the ring has the potential to promote further growth out into both countries and support the tourist industry. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes a unique solution to

slow down traffic and to have visitors stop at the site. The highway has been diverted onto the perimeter of the Rajakaari circle motif and the existing roundabouts have been removed. Rajakaari circle would be fully built to house facilities suitable for productivity, such as an information centre, a farmers’ market and a community garden. The circular motif serves as a giant roundabout, slowing down and controlling traffic while also standing out as an attraction. Realigning the E4 also frees the parkland around the river mouth from traffic, making it a more inviting meeting point connecting the two cities.


Common Ground

TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI / SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Roy Nash (IT), Luca Astorri (IT), Architects

CONTACT — P-U-R-A PlaAorm for Urban Research and Architecture

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Bianca Carosini (IT), Adi chaya Lichtenfeld (IL),

Milan (IT), T. +39 3929617999

Agnieszka Majkowska (PL), Mira Maletkovic (RS), Milena Tomasevic (RS),

info.it@p-u-r-a.com, www.p-u-r-a.com

Students in architecture

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our aim is to bring Tornio and Haparanda

towards the river edges and to develop the vacant plots near the waterfront. We identify the landscape to act as a tangible connector between the areas. The site has many building restrictions due to the rising tide, resulting in temporally changing characteristics of the landscape over time. We created a park that allows visitors to experience the landscape as it changes through the days and seasons. This results in a loop system to provide visitors the ability to pass through the various land types. We propose an experiential path structure that appeals to all senses and seasons. Different points along the path awaken different senses; gathering sceneries, textures, smells and visual experiences, harmoniously fading in and out along one’s meander.

Seamless

195 TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI / SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Josip Jerković (HR), Marta Lozo (HR), Architects

CONTACT — Zurich (CH), T. +41 762447644

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Herbert Elsener (CH), Traffic planner

j@parallela.ch, www.parallela.ch

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The existing system of urban blocks is

being expanded and enhanced. Irregularities in the gird condensate the movement of people and create a network of squares with different primary uses. Through incremental transformation the existing structuring roads are being redesigned to productive streets enliven by flanking zones of mix uses. Additionally, residential side alleys provide the needed density of population and act as a public space able of strengthening the local community. By combining productive and residential streets, conditions for diverse users are provided in the very urban centre, thus reducing city sprawling. Urban development embraces the central park area directly used by the residents and serves as the hearth of the seamless TornioHaparanda.


Tornelandia

TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI / SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Matthew Ashton (SE), Sofie Tolf (SE), Architects

CONTACT — SP-ARC, Malmö (SE)

T. +46 703794735, matthew@sp-arc.se, www.sp-arc.se

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our world has changed dramatically over

the last few decades since digital technologies and computing infrastructures have connected us all in ways once thought unimaginable. Yet, one thing that has changed relatively little is our national border that we still take as an unchangeable fact. Lines that were drawn up on maps by long forgotten kings and princes, determined in military tents between opposing generals after crushing victories or humiliating defeats, or simply drawn on a map by colonial surveyors in the service of a foreign empire. These fictional lines still hold an enormous power over us. Is it not hightime we try to reimagine what a border can be and design boundaries that are more compatible and compassionate with our current global situation? Area: 400 000km2 Population: 2 million (Sámi pop. 137 000) Languages: Sami Languages, Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian, Russian, Meänkieli Capital: Aanaar (FI), Giron (SV) and Kárášjohka (NO) Currency: Swedish Krona, Euro, Norwegian Krone, Russian Ruble National Day: February 16

196


And Pro  Again! 198

How to Reintroduce the Productive Economy into New Urban Districts? ANALYSIS ARTICLE: And Productive Again! 200 Céline Bodart (BE) — architect researcher and teacher + Kristiaan Borret (BE) — architect, Bouwmeester of Brussels Capital Region and teacher Amsterdam Transformatorweg (NL) Guebwiller (FR) Karlskrona (SE) Linz (AT) Pantin (FR)

206 210 214 218 222

Šibenik (HR) Trelleborg (SE) Tubize (BE) Warszawa (PL)

226 230 234 238


â&#x20AC;&#x2030;ductive 199

Many formerly industrial places in and around cities are now out of use. Buildings were left in a derelict state, activities have been moved or stopped, sites became brownfields. Obsolescence is the common feature of these sites and the future is uncertain. Mostly, we dream of turning them into new vibrant urban quarters. But to avoid total gentrification as it has appeared in many urban renewal projects in the past, we should perhaps try to put some productive activity in these sitesâ&#x20AC;Ś again? Because these sites were once industrial and linked to the city. Because there is a will for a really mixed city, and that mix includes productive economy as well.


And Productive Again! ANALYSIS ARTICLE by Céline Bodart (BE) — architect, PhD candidate in architecture, teacher at the School of Architecture of Paris-La-Villette (FR) and at Liège University (BE). She is member of Europan Technical Committee. and Kristiaan Borret (BE) — architect, Bouwmeester of Brussels Capital Region, teacher at Ghent University - Brussels (BE) and member of Europan’s Scientific Council. www.bma.brussels

200

And productive again!... An interesting part of speech,

1. LEAVE ROOM FOR UNCERTAINTY

this word “again” used to refer to the particular factors

A first family of sites consists of urban areas that have

that now allow us to reconsider productivity in urban

erased their industrial past. With production eradicated

environments. Firstly, the word “again” leads us to

or relocated, their old productive structures partially or

think about the transformation of industrial wastelands

totally dismantled, the sites at Šibenik (HR), Trelleborg

both as renewal and continuity: how to simultaneously

(SE) and Karlskrona (SE) appear today as vast vacant

regenerate and preserve the productive dynamics

surfaces, enhanced in their interest and appeal by their

specific to these urban areas? Secondly, this call for a

quality as “seafront”. However, these large spaces

productive “again” resonates with the industrial history

battered by the coastal winds are exposed above all to

that shaped our cities, drawing us into the question of

the threatening squalls of opportunistic development

its legacy: how to inherit past forms of productivity in

and the pressures of tourism. In order to resist one form

the urban milieu? This notion of legacy should not be

of monofunctionality being replaced by another, all the

understood here as a simple process of transmission,

winning projects seem to share the same conviction:

but rather as a particular mode of transformation.

these sites, which have completely swept away

Inheriting is a task, a putting to work, a process of

modern industry, are nevertheless not a blank slate.

transformation that relentlessly pursues the question of

They represent not an opportunity to forget history, but

what can be done again with what one receives.

rather the need to learn from it, “to learn how to immerse

1

Three ways of putting this legacy to work are presented here, encompassing project strategies that differ in their quest 1) for new frameworks of flexibility; 2) for new forms of connection; and 3) for specific modes of intensification.

1 — TRELLEBORG (SE), WINNER — PIONEERS > SEE MORE P231

2 — ŠIBENIK (HR), WINNER — PLACE > SEE MORE P227


3 — ŠIBENIK (HR), RUNNER-UP — GIVE ME FIVE! > SEE MORE P228

4 — KARLSKRONA (SE), RUNNER-UP — NY KARLA > SEE MORE P216

5 — KARLSKRONA (SE), WINNER — A BLUE ENTRANCE - TO THE CITY IN THE SEA > SEE MORE P215

oneself in histories in order to transform them”.2

principle of regulated flexibility in the approach chosen

The winning project in Trelleborg, Pioneers, proposes

by the runner-up Ny Karla project for the conversion of

a new model of urban development for the conversion

the former port of Karlskrona. In order to re-establish

of the city’s old port. The aim is to sow the seeds for

interactions between the maritime and terrestrial

the possibility of a new mode of site transformation,

environments, it seeks to extend the existing urban

assigning the making of the city to the forces of labour

structure progressively over the sea by introducing

rather than those of capital. A new mode, or more

floating installations along new axes of urban life (fig.4).

precisely new agents of transformation: these are “the

These extensions to the urban fabric are presented

pioneers”, a community of 300 people who have turned

as modules, capable of structuring a wide variety of

up on this piece of land, land deserted but not empty

programmes in time and in space (mixed residential;

of potential, since the task of the pioneers is precisely

public amenities; productive activities). The modular

to reveal and activate its latent resources (fig.1). In a

structures here seem to represent a desire to say

similar quest for a regulated sharing of the tools of

farewell to the static zoning systems that paralysed

territorial transformation, the winning project in Šibenik,

areas of productive activity; a desire that we find in

Place, proposes the idea of introducing an orthogonal

the winning project, A Blue Entrance - to the City in

grid as a model of social and spatial resilience (fig.2).

the Sea, but which is expressed here through the

The grid provides for decreasing density with an

reconstruction of Karlskrona’s old island landscape.

appropriate distribution of programmes, but above all

On the one hand, the design of the new islands revives

it initiates a model of “productive plots”, designed to

the historical typography of the site while, on the other,

prompt new forms of partnership between the different

the morphology projected on them by the winning team

stakeholders in the project, whether private or public.

architecturally recaptures the productive memory of the

The purpose of these shared design strategies is to

region. However, inserting strips of water into the land

make the transformation processes more flexible. The

to follow the partitions traced by the previous planning

challenge is to design flexible frameworks that allow

systems, is also a way to reshape the urban qualities of

the private and collective initiatives to mature and

the passages.3 This entails tackling the question of the

evolve spatially, but also to embed new rhythms of

bridge (fig.5) not as a simple urban infrastructure, but

intervention for the urban transformation of brownfield

as a space that attracts urban life, which at the same

areas, fluctuating between civic spontaneity and overall

time connects and separates (us).4

architectural coherence. The runner-up project in

The conversion of these sites therefore requires the

Šibenik, Give me Five!, also explores the theme of new

definition of what constitutes or could constitute a

forms and rules of flexibility by introducing a modular

sort of “productive background”. An elastic, flexible

structure, choosing a 5x5 m module as an optimum unit

background, and above all one that is sensitive to

for human interactions (fig.3). To achieve development

the unpredictable. However, the design of a flexible

that is both spontaneous and organised, we find this

structure necessarily requires a strong vision.

201


6 — TUBIZE (BE), WINNER — SEED STRUCTURE: THE PRODUCTION OF HAPPINESS > SEE MORE P235

7 — WARSZAWA (PL), RUNNER-UP — THE EXCITY > SEE MORE P240

In Pantin (FR) with the runner-up project Ex-Changing Production, and in Linz (AT) with the runner-up project PROlinz Productions Unlimited, the register of expression is fictional. The teams propose a multiplicity of animated micro-narratives of change, speculating on the future positive experiences of the milieu and laying out the descriptions of today’s fabric on the shelves of the past. Though fiction distils possibilities, others prefer a more physical embodiment, conveyed through an architectural vision of happy and radical renewal. For the winning project in Tubize (BE), Seed Structure: The Production of Happiness, the aim is to engage fully with the symbolic and immaterial aspects of the site’s urban and productive transition, by making human well-being

202

and collective self-realisation essential motifs of the project (fig.6). In Warszawa (PL), the runner-up project The Excity also presents a strong vision of necessary change: in order to breathe life into the questions raised by waste management in the urban environment, the team chooses to present its project in a way that resembles urban fable (fig.7). Between fable and fiction, therefore, the productive renewal of urban environments also entails a sort of imaginative renewal. These projects seek to highlight the features of reality, not out of naiveté, but in order to reassert a certain confidence in the future; for others, the aim is more to interfere between the lines of the existing fabric, to occupy its interstices and develop new forms of possibility here. These figures that work 8 — LINZ (AT), RUNNER-UP — FABLINZ > SEE MORE P219

between a present situation and a desired future are presented here by projects for sites where the

2. CONNECTING THE SCALES OF TIME AND SPACE

key question is what creates links between milieus;

A “strong vision” in this case does not mean a sort

between the city centre and its inner suburbs in Tubize,

of statement of dogmatic principles dominating

between the current productive economy and its urban

and imposed on the land. It is more about building

consolidation in Linz, or else between the productive

a common and active conception of a shared urban

reinvention of a particular zone and the morphological

future. Another word we could use is “figure”: a strong

and social diversity of the surrounding urban fabric in

idea, translated into physical and/or symbolic terms,

Warszawa.

capable of maintaining elastic and flexible modes

This quest for new modes and forms of connection

of territorial transformation over time and through its

is pursued through different project tactics, both

multiple uncertainties. The question is what are the

spatial and temporal. The runner-up project

registers in which the power of these project figures

FABLinz – Commons of Production, approaches the

are expressed?

transformation of the Linz site by combining three


urban-architectural tools: a redefinition of the urban

collective construction of a productive new future (fig.9)

surfaces (public and shared), the development of

— what the team calls “tactical spaces”. In Warszawa,

new “productive blocks” and the gradual testing of

the runner-up projects HOUSE the Productivity and

architectural units that interweave living spaces and

Warszawa Common Places express their strategies

workspaces (fig.8). The team bases its project on a

for the urban and industrial conversion of the site

radical and necessary transformation of the ways of

through a process of restructuring at the margins.

conceiving and experiencing production, whether

The first makes the project site one of the points in

spatial or socio-economic. The challenge then is to

a new “active urban fringe”, outlining an intermodal

know — or rather to conceive — the forms through

loop between different surrounding neighbourhoods

which such ambitions can be achieved over time. The

redefined as “hubs”, places for new forms of social and

method chosen here is to focus the initial efforts on

economic interaction; the second seeks to restructure

establishing the architectural signals of a changing

exchanges between the city centre and its outskirts by

territory, while encouraging new occupancies of existing

the creation of “productive paths”, walking and cycling

spaces in order to orchestrate a “gentle colonisation”

tracks that wind through the huge typological diversity

and introduce a different image of production in the

of the existing built environment, where the introduction

urban environment.

of new micro-amenities combines with the development

Also a runner-up in Linz, the Rock the Block! project

of areas dedicated for temporary productive activities.

team likewise sees indeterminacy as an essential

This exploration of new forms of connection also

component of the redefinition of a productive urban

needs to engage with the architectural scale, in order

milieu. With the figure of the tartan as a system of

to investigate the typo-morphological opportunities

organisation, their strategy is not to be in a hurry to

of the renewal of productive urban territories. This

fix the duty of inventing new forms of productivity in

complementarity of scales is found, for example, on

predefined spatialities or programmes, but to devise

the Warszawa site with the runner-up project Warszawa

an adaptable spatial structure that encourages

Common Places. The layout of the new neighbourhood

spontaneity of uses, that facilitates experiment and the

consists of a set of closed or semi-closed blocks arranged along two axes, which directly dictate the morphology and programming of the different blocks: a dense axis dedicated to so-called “stable” uses (social housing, local shops, local production, etc.); and another, more “flexible” axis, consisting of smaller plots for which the modes of acquisition and rules of occupancy are less rigid (fig.10). On the same site, the runner-up project HOUSE the Productivity considers new forms of “mediating thresholds”, private, public and/or shared spaces that cushion the tensions between the different functions and allocations that make up the new blocks (fig.11). A principle similar to urban thresholds is proposed in the runner-up project, Learning from Tubize, although here these spaces are not presented in terms of their quality of mediation but of their potential for

9 — LINZ (AT), RUNNER-UP — ROCK THE BLOCK! > SEE MORE P221

10 — WARSZAWA (PL), RUNNER-UP — WARSZAWA COMMON PLACES > SEE MORE P241

11 — WARSZAWA (PL), RUNNER-UP — HOUSE THE PRODUCTIVITY > SEE MORE P239

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negotiation between the different users. The rhythms

of activities responsible for its original fragmentation.

and variations in activities constantly redefine the

The result is the emergence of a new network of public

neighbourhood’s possible social interactions (fig.12).

spaces in the area, a series of crossings perpendicular

These spaces are presented as empty strips, alternating

to the canal, which are infiltrated into the existing fabric

with strips of production (allocated to functions that

partly to emphasise its existing resources (whether

themselves alternate, though reversibly, between

linked with transport infrastructures or heavy or light

parking and making), which contain a wide range

industry, with commercial, cultural, civic and educational

of forms of housing and office space. Combining

structures, and many others), and partly to act as bait

with these layers of functions are vertical connecting

for new forms of urban production (fig.13). In order to

infrastructures (ramps, footbridges, staircases) and

convert an urban fabric into a productive ecosystem,

other linking objects (plugs), designed as unexpected

the project counts on a collective reappropriation of

and dynamic places of programmatic encounter.

the proximity and complementarity effects between all

These attempts to find new forms of connection are

kinds of productive initiatives. Since the project site

both different and complementary, but above all they

happens to include two major production hubs linked

are an encouragement to rethink what a milieu that is

with the automobile sector, the special mention project

both urban and productive might be.

SCOop* Savoir Coopérer, co-opts what might simply have been a part of the background as a vehicle of

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3. INTENSIFYING THE POTENTIALITIES OF THE

metamorphosis. Intensifying possibilities here entails

EXISTING FABRIC

transforming a state of affairs (two garages on the

A third family of site is characterised by the presence of

same site) into a nucleus of joint and shared interests

a productive backdrop that is already in place. Whether

(given the energy and technological transitions currently

a clearly identified and functioning activity (Amsterdam

underway, what is the future for this business sector?).

Transformatorweg (NL)), a legacy of production that

In the case of Pantin, the aim is to combine existing

is resistant to the processes of deindustrialisation

production with the introduction of new education and

(Guebwiller (FR)), or a fabric that is swarming with

research hubs, but also to develop related experimental

initiatives of different kinds and scales (Pantin (FR)),

fields (green energy production, etc.) and associated

these are territories that are now calling for an

functions (garages, car parks, workshops, etc.). This

architectural and urban reaffirmation of their productive

urban development strategy could be compared with

qualities.

the ideas put forward in the winning project Media

On the different territories, potential drivers of a renewed

Sloboda in Amsterdam Transformatorweg, where

productive urban future have already been identified,

one of the main features of the site is the presence

but the question is how to activate them. The action

of a Mediacollege. The team proposes to intensify the

strategies proposed here cluster around the theme

existing function by linking it with a whole programme

of intensifying the existing fabric. There are several

of multifunctional but thematic spaces: a MediaHub

possible pathways here, always grounded in the

articulated around new forms of work, experience and

specificities of each situation. The path chosen by the

knowledge sharing, virtual and real social spaces,

winning team with Kintsugi or the “Small Mills” Strategy

etc. In borrowing their name from Russia’s former

to restructure the productive fabric in Pantin is to identify

free colonies, the project stakes its claim as an urban

and reveal the multiplicity of existing opportunities, to

invention capable of “shaping its own idea of being

understand the specificities of the existing fabric, in

productive”: not designing a building, but conceiving

order to develop the “nuggets”. The project proposes

a series of spaces constantly redefined by the nature

to rework the urban structure by focusing on the loci

of the uses and users within them (fig.14). The

12 — TUBIZE (BE), RUNNER-UP — LEARNING FROM TUBIZE > SEE MORE P236

13 — PANTIN (FR), WINNER — KINTSUGI OR THE “SMALL MILLS” STRATEGY > SEE MORE P223


14 — AMSTERDAM TRANSFORMATORWEG (NL), WINNER — MEDIA SLOBODA > SEE MORE P207

the transition from monofunctional to versatile, the project links new functions: a textile innovation centre, a textile recycling pavilion, knowledge production and transmission workshops, etc. And to effect the transition from an isolated production area to a productive urban milieu, the project also introduces porosities into the existing buildings, outlines passages between the different constituents of the urban territory with what the project team calls “gate-architectures”. Leaving room for uncertainty, connecting scales, intensifying what is already there: all this is about putting the legacy of the productive city to work, and it is also 15 — GUEBWILLER (FR), WINNER — PRODUCTIVE ARTICULATIONS > SEE MORE P211

about changing our methods of design with the aim of not creating tomorrow’s wastelands today. Re-member:5

architecture given to the MediaHub (combination of a

to “recall” what the productive city was and “reshape”

vertical residential plane and a plinth combining living

what it could become again.

spaces, workspaces and public spaces) should then be understood as a sort of infrastructure conceived in interaction with a digital interface. It should also be specified that this strategy of intensifying a thematic function is implemented here without even touching the buildings that initially house that function (a requirement of the specifications). An interesting point of comparison with the winning project Productive Articulations in Guebwiller, where the team reverses the order of action and proposes to intensify, or more precisely to “capitalise upon”, the productive legacy of the site by converting its built structure. Dividing, adding, connecting, revitalising: four architectural operations to reshape the built heritage of the old textile industries. More than this, though, while the project carves into the existing fabric, its aim is to redevelop a dynamic productive mesh, capable of adapting to the new conditions of the textile market and, in the process, to reconnect with its symbolic legacy (fig.15). Through the reshaping of the existing fabric, this process of intensifying the city’s historical specificities serves as a sort of updating of a model of activity that is still and already present. To affect

Jacques Derrida, Spectres de Marx, Paris, Galilée, 1993, p.94 2 Donna Haraway, Manifeste Cyborg et autres essais : sciences – fictions – féminismes. Paris : Exils éditeurs, 2007 [1985], p.106 3 Cf. the catalogue of the City on the Move Institute’s international exhibition, “Passages, transitional spaces for the 21st-century city”. New York, Barcelona : Actar Publishers, 2017. 4 Georg Simmel, “Bridge and Door”, trad. Mark Ritter, Theory, Culture and Society, vol. 11 (1994), pp. 5–10 ; republished in Neil Leach, Rethinking Architecture. A reader in cultural theory. London: Routledge, 1997, pp.63-67. 5 Metaplasmic formulation proposed by Donna Haraway; French version by Vinciane Despret in « En finir avec l’innocence. Dialogue avec Isabelle Stengers et Donna Haraway », in Elsa Dorlin, Eva Rodriguez (dir.), Penser avec Donna Haraway. Paris: PUF, 2012. 1

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AMSTERDAM-TRANSFORMATORWEG (NL) SCALES — S - Urban architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Amsterdam

LOCATION — Transformatorweg

OWNER OF THE SITE — Gemeente Amsterdam

POPULATION — City 835,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Assignment for

STRATEGIC SITE — 9.40 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2.16 ha

architectural study commission on project site

Sabine Lebesque — Department of City Development, City of Amsterdam. Investors Office for Housing/ Team Spatial Quality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The area of Sloterdijk 1 is part of the Haven Stad development, which corresponds to the transformation of the western harbour area into a mixed urban fabric. The Europan site is one of the first locations to be developed within this whole area. The site is composed of a school, the Media College, and a potential extension on the site or elsewhere in the area has been thought. Most of the land goes by existing leases, so the development depends on the good communication and mutual benefits of the actors involved. Also, a plot of land owned by the city of Amsterdam is to be developed into housing. So the main question here is how to mix this two different ambitions into a well balanced project? 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE

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PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

At the moment this area is a well functioning business one, with production firms, transport firms, small offices etc. The demand for housing is very high in Amsterdam. However all these contextual elements, it has been decided that this area will be transformed slowly with a lot of attention to keep a substantial amount of square meters for productivity. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The commission for Europan winner will be a study commission to help the urban planners of the City of Amsterdam to further develop the site towards a high urban mixed area, with a combination of the extension of the school with housing and working facilities. Seen the dominant location of the site within the whole area, this project is expected to be the Flagship project of transformation area. For the school it is also a possibility to move to another location within the area. In that case the developer/stakeholder could be the commissioner for a study commission, and the direction to choose will be decided soon.


Media Sloboda

AMSTERDAM TRANSFORMATORWEG (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Aleksandr Zinovev (RU), Irina Shmeleva (RU),

and Education; Dmitriy Andreev (RU), Movie Director

Architects; Konstantin Budarin (EE), Analyst / Writer

CONTACT — Rotterdam (NL)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Elmira Kakabaeva (KZ), Public Relations

T. +31 0655941556, mail@alexanderzinoviev.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — MediaHub is not a building. It is a

“temporal system” where education, working places and dwelling are connected by the web-interface and curator’s program. Today’s technology changes the principles according to which we perceive the city. Digital maps allow to see through walls. In the space, MediaHub minimal city unit is ceasing from the single building. There occurs the transition from the building-function scale to the level of specific spaces and to the opportunities those spaces could offer. MediaHub architecture serves as an infrastructure, a city toolbox, where the Web interface enables access to the spaces and the technology they host. The logic of MediaCollege transformation is to open the potential of existing and new-built spaces in city’s tissue. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal is very specific in terms

of program and in the appearance of the building. The project establishes a cluster of new interventions, where the existing environment and new functions are combined in distinct building volumes. The proposed building cluster establishes new visual, functional and movement connections to its surroundings while creating a nice interior world with interesting spatial configurations on the ground level and second floor. The scheme is about creating synergy between form and program, which is then brought back to one strong image that could function well as a catalyst for the future development of the area.

207


Embracing Technology AUTHOR(S) — Oscar Linares de la Torre (ES),

208

Bernat Bastardas Llabot (ES), Guillem Rius Manuel (ES), Maria del Olmo Gómez (ES), Architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Under the current situation, the Media

College is a heterogeneous building lacking of a unified image and order. Therefore, the proposal aims at creating a building surrounding the existent one, and unifying the whole ensemble through its architecture. This strategy allows the new construction to control and adjust the urban space, proposing a wide range of public spaces with different characters, instead of the residual perimeter green space that is currently surrounded by the existing building as a leftover. In conclusion, the proposal condenses living, working and learning all together in a single building, where the interaction among users benefits the community as a whole and where education and technology are placed in the centre, with a whole building embracing the future. JURY POINT OF VIEW — In the emptiness of its surroundings, this

proposal is a radical redefinition of the cluster with a perimeter block that defines clear edges, opens up connections to the park and embraces the existing the Media College structure. The proposed tower doesn’t block the views to and from the Transformatorweg. The way the building complex opens towards the park and strengthens connections between different kinds of public space and the transitional, differentiated spaces in between, is convincing.

AMSTERDAM TRANSFORMATORWEG (NL) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — oscar.linares@upc.edu


GUEBWILLER (FR) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Guebwiller and NSC Florival

LOCATION — The Florival Valley

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Guebwiller and NSC Florival

POPULATION — City 12.000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study and

STRATEGIC SITE — 47 ha

masterplan for strategic site, project development for public

PROJECT SITE — 6.6 ha

spaces, architectural feasibility study and implementation

Francis Kleitz — Mayor of Guebwiller, Regional Councillor 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The site proposed to Europan 14 is located on the Northwest of the city of Guebwiller. Most of the site is occupied by textile industrial wastelands. Due to its geographical situation Guebwiller –as a major urban pole for the valley– cannot extend anymore. The industrial wastelands are a precious land reservoir for the city, which wishes to turn this industrial island into a new district in articulation with the city-centre. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The site plays an important role in the city’s policy to develop the attractiveness of the territory. Located about 200 metres away from the city centre, the wastelands have to be reconnected to the city centre. Guebwiller’s revitalisation goes hand in hand with the renewal and diversification of the 210

industrial craft and tertiary industries. The productivity we are looking for links production, housing and public facilities in a shared public space. The site, which is currently abandoned, should witness our capacity to once again produce in a real functional diversity. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The participants’ projects convinced us of the heritage qualities of the site and the necessity to preserve it. NSC Florival –our industrial partner and owner of the buildings– agreed to the sell-off of the buildings to the city or other partners depending on the project. The sharp vision and programming proposed by the rewarded teams point to the likelihood of constructive discussions allowing an operational program to be clarified during 2018, starting from the exchanges with the teams and the city’s partners.


Productive articulations

GUEBWILLER (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Meriem Chabani (FR), Architect-urbanist;

CONTACT — TXKL, Paris (FR)

Etienne Chobaux (FR), Architect;

T. +33 142801367

John Edom (GB), Architect, anthropologist

contact@txkl.co, www.txkl.co

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project cultivates a vision for an

economic and urban development that draws upon its historical identity as a textile industry stronghold and the assets it had left behind. Multiple programs address a variety of publics: a training centre gives access to employment on site, shared greenhouses cultivate both pedagogic plants and allow for research into plant fibre for textiles. A pavilion displays innovation in textiles in the public square. A pavilion for textile recycling provides both raw material for the production of recycled textile products and an interface with the public. Transport connections are integrated through the introduction of the tramway, pedestrian and cycle routes are created, and existing buildings are subverted to become points of entry into the site. The scale and density of the project provides the qualities of a new urban centre for Guebwiller, where the productive city is also a desirable city. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A complete, successful project. The

readable well-managed proposal questions how the site will be able in the future to accommodate an economy or types of activity that we do not now know.

211


Acclimater la vallée 212

GUEBWILLER (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Louis Caux (FR), Architect;

CONTACT — Vanves (FR)

Margaux Limon (FR), Landscape designer

T. +33 616859098, louiscauxfr@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Successive industrializations have

fragmented the landscape in favour of a continuous urban mass punctuated with wastelands along the river. We must, once again, combine the landscape with the economy to acclimate the valley to new living conditions to regenerate it into a common territory. The city becomes a metabolism made up of “microclimates” defined as a localized set of favourable conditions for specific frugal interactions in energy, stimulating the circularity of resources, alternative mobility and innovation. From a forgotten place, the site is transformed into a laboratory where places of production, housing and storage interact. The public space embodies and guarantees a new symbiosis through a reasoned presence of water and plants. Every square meter participates in the contributory city. JURY POINT OF VIEW — An unusual project in the competition

session that proposes a metabolic approach to the territory by treating energies and fluxes on a regional scale and at the scale of the site. The combination of ecological and economic considerations is convincing.


Manufacture de terroirs AUTHOR(S) — Morvan Rabin (FR), Geographer;

GUEBWILLER (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

CONTACT — morvan.rabin@gmail.com

Sylvie Florette (FR), Architect-urbanist

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Three quotations outline the project.

First, “It takes the whole region to make the city” (Patrick Geddes), which we reinterpret “it takes all the productions of a region to make a productive city”. Between the plain of Alsace and the Vosges Mountains, at the crossroads of the Florival and the wines route, Guebwiller can mobilize its “terroirs” to transform its brownfields. Then, “Do not destroy anything until you are sure of proposing better” (Roland Simounet) means a minimal intervention on the existing buildings that constitute a remarkable architectural heritage, a place of industrial and working memory, a “space capable” of hosting many programs and an embodied energy stock. Finally, “Produce no waste” and “Catch and store energy”, two of the principles enunciated by David Holmgren (co-founder of Permaculture) which summarize our approach to the development and functioning of this part of town.

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KARLSKRONA (SE) SCALES — L/S - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Karlskrona

LOCATION — Hattholmen

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality of Karlskrona

POPULATION — City 65,380 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Development of plan

STRATEGIC SITE — 53 ha (27 ha water)

program and urban studies in collaboration with

PROJECT SITE — 32 ha (20 ha water)

the Municipality of Karlskrona

Europan Sverige 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The Northern connection to the mainland was, traditionally, the back door; to some extent simply a supply route. Today, this is the most important road to arrive in the city but this is not reflected clearly in the urban structure. Centrally located right on this main access road to Karlskrona, the Europan site, Hattholmen, is a disused oil harbour. The city centre, the main transport node, recreational areas and the Blekinge Institute of Technology, all lie within walking distance. Recreating and reinterpreting “the city in the sea” are the main goals of the site mutation. This will require a redesign of the land, the sea and their shared boundary. Designing the shape, profile and materiality of the shoreline are all issues to be resolved. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

214

The arrival of the railroad meant that some of the connection to the sea was lost, and post-war, car-centred planning and industrial paradigms effectively broke this connection on much of the Northern facing parts of the (old) city. Land reclaimed along the previous shoreline and between islets was used to house modern infrastructure and industry. These lost shorelines must now be adapted to the demands of inhabitants and an evolving economy. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

A workshop with project presentation by the winning team has been held with the Municipality of Karlskrona. After comments and changes on the Europan project, a work with all technical administrations will start to develop a plan program for the whole site.


A Blue Entrance - to the City in the Sea

KARLSKRONA (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Stefan Jesper Gründl (DK), Architect;

CONTACT — Copenhagen (DK)

Magnus Haahr Nielsen (DK), Architect-urbanist

T. +45 23417375 / stefan_jg@hotmail.com T. +45 28713580 / magnus.haahr.nielsen@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The main concept of the project is to

reestablish the topography of the Swedish archipelago around Karlskrona, thereby creating a transition from mainland — a landscape stretching across several smaller islands leading to the island of Trossö. This is achieved by cutting out the disappeared islands of Hattmakareholmen, Skomakarholmen and Pantarholmen from the reclamation ground that was originally taken from the sea during the planning paradigms of the industrial era in the 19 th and 20th century. We propose to create a main entrance to Karlskrona where to lead you across a landscape of sea and islands — Creating a Blue Entrance to the City in the Sea. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal extends the notion of

recreating the site into islands to its furthest extreme by excavating the land along the two entrances to the central city — the railway and Österleden — replacing it with large surfaces of water. This approach, despite its extent, opens up for a successful engagement of the urban structure with new waterfronts. In parallel, the authors apply a strategy of historic layering. This attitude contributes to a contextualized but rich and intriguing characteristic of the new urban landscape.

215


Ny Karla 216

KARLSKRONA (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Mariachiara Mondini (IT), Giulia Ragnoli (FR),

CONTACT — DUE Atelier, Paris (FR)

Architects

T. +33 768043938 / +39 3395669969, info@dueatelier.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The city of Karlskrona needs a new way to

interact with the sea trough an attractive district with a strong identity. The project aims at reinterpreting the concept of the “archipelago within the archipelago”, using the rules of the city and the scale of its objects to create a new floating district. The sea is taken as a platform for a new urban morphology, where the presence of the water allows the city elements to be more flexible and moveable. “Ny Karla” proposes a new way of living the sea that invites people to experiment it. To be productive again is thought as a possibility to realize an unconventional settlement of experiences that follows the demands of the ever-challenging society and the desires of different cultures and personalities in an adaptable and sustainable composition. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a floating city on

piers, mirrored over onto the Muddret area as a system of canals and fish farm basins. The floating elements, especially the follies on the breakwater are playful and likable, and amount to a fine collection of architectural typologies: Marina, residential life and production mix. With this mix the project strives to tackle two concerns: a dissolution of contrasts between man-made and natural in which fish farms stand for that intertwined relationship, and a critique on static plans. Floating means to provide flexibility and can accommodate for unforeseen uses, cultures of all kinds.


Hattholmene Vattenstad

KARLSKRONA (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Mateusz Mastalski (PL/DK),

CONTACT — Copenhagen (DK), T. +45 50130006

Ole Robin Storjohann (DE/DK), Architects

mateusz.mastalski@gmail.com, www.urbanspacearchive.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Karlskrona has always been a city of

islands and bridges, with a shoreline in constant change. Building on this tradition, we propose the Hattholmen grid based on the historic grid typical for its military past. The continuation of the North-South axis and the shift of the East-West alleys create flexible plots. Through analysis of existing typologies our urban plan features a mix of low-dense blocks with several “icons“. Extending the grid into the water, walkways create access to boats, buildings on stilts, floating functions and the “blue square“. Evolving Karlskrona’s relationship with the water to the extreme, the whole Hattholmen becomes a harbour, thus creating an open-ended process that gives the neighbourhood a finished expression early on, while leaving room for future growth.

The Productive City as a Platform AUTHOR(S) — Viktor Becker (SE), Simon Stulien (NO),

Architects-urbanists

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The ongoing techno-cultural revolution

confuses people confused and these changes should not leave people on their own in completely new and unfamiliar environments. The answer to revolution is not revolution. The question is rather how can we use the digital revolution and our changing lifestyles as a tool to put people in control of their own environment by making them comfortable with the consequences of modernity? The project is based on five design parameters for carrying the city from mechanization to digitalization and establishes a way of thinking and talking about the city in terms of effectiveness. Large companies such as Uber should not lead the digital revolution, but the tribe, your tribe, my tribe, our tribe should lead it instead.

217 KARLSKRONA (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

CONTACT — viktorkbecker@gmail.com


LINZ (AT) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — ÖBB (Austrian Railways) and

LOCATION — Wiener Straße

the City of Linz

POPULATION — 204,000 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — ÖBB (Austrian Railways)

STRATEGIC SITE — 110 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Strategic urban concept

PROJECT SITE — 3.91 ha

as a base for further development steps

Manuel Gattermayr — Project Manager ÖBBImmobilien 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The overall goal is to develop an attractive, vivid, mixed-use quarter on the site. Transferring the plot from a closed railway workshop area to a public used quarter can be seen as a great opportunity for the urban development of Linz. The ÖBB, as the site-owner, is aware of the responsibility of the development, as the combination of size and location of the project site is currently outstanding. The development will take place step by step since a part of the area is still in use for the railway system. In the first phase, the South-eastern part will be developed within the next few years. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

We are convinced that adding manufacturing elements is essential to achieve a balanced mix in a city quarter. 218

These functions do not only contribute to the vivification of a surrounding, but also enhance the local supply facilities. The project site’s long history of production and the nearby operating workshops are valuable preconditions for enabling productive functions, such as a rail-engineering cluster. The future owner will take the final decision, and will decide if manufacturing functions will be set up. But to be able to integrate productive elements, the productive city approach needs to be considered right from the beginning in the planning process, which is what we are currently doing at the moment. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

As the competition resulted in three runner-up projects, we will promptly start with a post-processing workshop, to come to an agreement on an overall concept for the development. Our intention is to specify the concept in cooperation between the ÖBB, the city of Linz and the winning team afterwards.


FABLinz

LINZ (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Chiarelli (IT), Enrico Ferraresi (IT),

CONTACT — London (GB)

Architects; Gabriella Dora Romito (IT), Architect-urbanist;

T. +44 (0)7400 871024

Giacomo Magnani (IT), Urbanist

info@sedicigradi.com, www.sedicigradi.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Commons of Production.

FABLINZ is an innovation ecosystem. The new district will establish relationships between stakeholders at different scales and spanning across sectors. It means to be governed by a non-profitable body that will implement the “Commons of Production”. It is a vision of shared knowledge and know-how, where the major players in the local and regional manufacturing and research panorama can meet grass-root enterprises, SMEs and local skills. The urban morphology of the project reflects this vision. Taking inspiration from the surrounding fabric, FABLINZ offers a re-engineered version of the productive block, with a richer variety of spaces and opportunities for interaction. Housing, offices and retail seamlessly integrate productive activities and complete the on-site mix of uses. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The concept establishes a mixed

productive quarter, where various stakeholders of different scales and sectors can co-exist. The team proposes a supervisory nonprofit organisation that governs the development and supports triggering innovation for the site, additionally integrating the neighbourhood. The proposed structural approach derives of a traditional workshop-and-housing urban block, integrating productive and connective elements in the lower floors. The blocklike structures are shattered into individual buildings, with small, double height modules for productive activities in-between.

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PROlinz Productions Unlimited 220

LINZ (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Airam González Dorta (ES), Cornelia Bräuer (AT),

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Anna Wolf (AT), Illustrator;

Paloma Montoro Delgado (ES), Architects

Ariadna Mulet (ES), Architect CONTACT — esoes Architektur, Wien (AT), www.esoes.at

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — PROlinz consists of a tower and a

base. The tower is situated alongside the railroads and acts as a lighthouse for the newly developed area. A spacious North-South passage is connecting the former separated parts of the city. PROlinz is a special microcosm of housing, urban factories, labs, logistic spaces and showrooms; all horizontally connected by a couple of vivid factory roads. A cosmopolitan village-like structure is built upon the foundation. The different functional layers are connected via numerous patios, which allow a high level of transparency and interaction. The horizontal carpet-like structure is enriched by the verticality and density of the protecting tower. PROlinz is an adaptable and raw building structure, which provides a framework for future development and changes. JURY POINT OF VIEW —The project proposes an unconventional

approach regarding the topic of the productive city. PROLinz is a single large building, consisting of a tower and a base that seem to incorporate all layers of a productive city into a single structure. The carpet-like megastructure covers the whole site following a clear division of vertical zoning (active, productive ground floor and small residential patio-structures above). This idea of directly overlapping of production and living is regarded as highly interesting. Nevertheless, the dense and self-contained structure seems indifferent to its surroundings and leaves only a small amount of public space.


Rock the Block!

LINZ (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Lorenzo Ciccu (IT), Simone Langiu (IT),

CONTACT — Spaziozero atelier, Berlin (DE) / Cagliari (IT)

Carlo Pisano (IT), Architects-urbanists; Elisabetta Sanna (IT),

T. +49 17688017631

Roberta Serra (IT), Landscape architects

info@spaziozeroatelier.com, www.spaziozeroatelier.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The proposal aims at connecting the

inner city of Linz with the southern districts, creating a new vibrant neighbourhood which will introduce productive, commercial, residential spaces as well as cultural and social services. A new framework plan is provided to start an urban transformation in which the site will keep the potential to offer spaces for work within the city. Instead of trying to foresee the future program, the project provides the maximum diversity in the productive and public spaces. Along with a series of pocket areas, the piazza along Wienerstrasse, the park along the railway and the one on the Unionstrasse are the three large public spaces that will foster the creation of a vibrant open neighbourhood seen as the inception of the new urban development south of the tracks. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal blends into the existing

context and is clearly readable. It is well elaborated and very advanced. The fact of integrating remnants from the former industrial site into the new urban plan is considered as positive. The various public spaces are well proportioned and aerate the orthogonal grid. The proposed block structures are a flexible urban system that works well with different uses. At the same time, the size of the blocks is questioned, they seem rather small and appear more like large buildings than multiple-plot block structures, a larger grid seems more adapted to productive facilities.

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PANTIN (FR) SCALES — L/S - Urban / architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Pantin & Etablissement

LOCATION — Ecoquartier Gare & Porte de l’Ourcq

Public Foncier d’ile-de-France (EPFif)

POPULATION — City 53,816 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Pantin (public spaces),

STRATEGIC SITE — 189 ha / PROJECT SITE — 10.2 ha

EPFif, SNCF Réseau, private owners POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Architectural and urban

project management commissions

City of Pantin 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Pantin has been developing for several years an active strategy of urban transformation of its territory characterized by former industrial areas and divided by heavy transport infrastructures. Pantin’s ongoing objectives, set in the Europan site, follow the path of the city’s crucial issues leading its action at local scale: - Reconnecting isolated neighbourhoods with transports clusters; - Developing mixed neighbourhoods on part of the former industrial areas while maintaining pre-existing activities as much as possible; - Offering new public spaces that can be shared by all the users: inhabitants, workers, economic actors. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

222

The city of Pantin experienced an important industrial boom in the early 19th century, turning it into a productive city with production of foodstuff of all kind. This process has influenced the landscape of the city with deeply anchored prints that are still visible today, mostly caused by mono-functional methods. The specificity shared by the two parts of the Europan site in Pantin lies in the fact that they are welcoming mono-functional productive activities. From now on, the issue is to activate the mutation of these activities while preserving their productive features and diversifying the offer with a renewed meaning: mix-used neighbourhoods generating a lively territory, supporting the community life, and welcoming work and life spaces reaching for an urban and functional diversity. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

Since the formalisation of the site brief, new issues have emerged from the project site. The definition of the specific process will be subjected to discussions with the winning teams in the following months, aiming at enacting a synthesis of their first proposals for the competition with the actual operational context of the site. The organisation of workshops is currently envisaged by the city of Pantin and the EPF in order to arise the foundations of a primary reflexion in “project mode” integrating experts and the teams’ own sensitivities as well as involving other stakeholders (owners, operators, future users…) in the process.


Kintsugi or the “Small Mills” Strategy AUTHOR(S) — Daniel Garcia Lopez (ES), Alegria Giovannini (CL), Dimitri Pagnier (FR), Nicolas Bayret (FR), Architects; Paul Jaquet (FR), Jean Remy Dostes (FR), Architects-urbanists; Louis Lazaro (FR), Eugenie Denarnaud (FR), Landscape architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Places and conditions for the new

productive city. Kintsugi is a Japanese ancestral know-how of repairing broken ceramics with golden sewing which takes into account past to create a new sublimated object. We think that the productive city of tomorrow will be multiple and will overtake widely the traditional economies, and it pushes aside the ways to make: new programs, extended learning places, reinforced links between workplaces and public places. The strategy Small Mills leans on the existing “pearls” (Hermes, Grands Moulins…) and proposes a smooth adaptation of the current activities fabric. It aims to include the places and conditions of a new Low Carbon economy, but also reinforces economies and existing vocations: luxury, art professions, culture and sport. All the resources are put together to create an ecological and learning ecosystem. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A successful proposal supported by a

clear, relevant, sensitive argument. The project distinguishes itself by its legibility and its qualities of integrating with the existing fabric, responding to theme and site issues. The programme resonates with the manufacturing history of Pantin to create new forms of cohabitation and exchange in the city.

PANTIN (FR) — WINNER

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Simon Cristiano (FR), Student in architecture CONTACT — Atelier FUSO, Paris (FR), T. +33 185083530 contact@atelierfuso.com, www.atelierfuso.com

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CITROEN Q1 - 2022 A - SITE CITROEN - 2022 Q1 A - SITE CITROEN - 2022

Q2 A - SITE RENAULT Q2 - 2022 A - SITE RENAULT - 2022 Q2 A - SITE RENAULT - 2022

Q3 A - DISTRICT OF THE Q3STATION A - DISTRICT - 2022 OF THE Q3 STATION A - DISTRICT - 2022 OF THE STATION - 2022

CITROEN Q1 - 2032 B - SITE CITROEN - 2032 Q1 B - SITE CITROEN - 2032

Q2 B - SITE RENAULT Q2 - 2032 B - SITE RENAULT - 2032 Q2 B - SITE RENAULT - 2032

Q3 B - DISTRICT OF THE Q3STATION B - DISTRICT - 2032 OF THE Q3 STATION B - DISTRICT - 2032 OF THE STATION - 2032

Ex-Changing Production 224

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Guazzieri (IT), Valerio Ciotola (IT), Raul Forsoni (IT), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Margherita Giubelli Bortolami (IT), Writer; Simone Napolitano (IT), Giuseppe Tasquier (IT), Architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Major infrastructures such as highways,

railways and the canal have projected Pantin into modernity. However, they nowadays constitute a major obstacle to its improvement. Our proposal investigates a compact and fair density, urban porosity and a recognizable identity. In order to achieve these goals, our project establishes an urban alphabet, which defines the criteria of the adaptable city and provides the architectural spaces with the greatest flexibility and reversibility. The alphabet contains measures and pieces that guarantee an almost infinite number of possibilities to the development of the city. Thus, the project develops as a succession of atmospheres, views, lights, and successive modifications, which allow individuals to feel unique and, at the same time, part of a whole. JURY POINT OF VIEW — A pertinent proposal on several scales,

enriched by detailed work on architectural typologies. The jury in particular noted the narrative of the urban proposals and the matrix method, which provides flexibility for implementation.

PANTIN (FR) — RUNNER-UP CONTACT — GFC, Paris (FR) / Naples (IT) T. +33 623088442 gfc@gfc-a.com, www.gfc-a.com


SCOop* Savoir Coopérer

PANTIN (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Charlotte Durand-Rival (FR), Chloé Durrieu (FR),

CONTACT — Marseille (FR), T. +33 666011313

Simon Forget (FR), Mickle Bourel (FR), Architects

contact.collectiftac@gmail.com, charlotte.durandrival@gmail.com www.facebook.com/tac.architecture/

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — On the Pantin site, the various elements

of the program, put in place, interact. The departure point for the giant SCOP is the confrontation of the scales of production: industry and crafts, craftsmen and handymen! Our aim is to create a system where organs complement each other and together create an added value. The encounters of different profiles of the site will entice the feeling of ownership and belonging by usage and will create a local economic system. The emphasis is put on the sharing of knowledge and cultures by integrating the industrial and craft industry. Already in our toolbox of “availabilities”, the Parc de la Villette is a source of inspiration for innovation and for the diversity of the existing transport networks: rail, river and road. The place bears industrial traces, an essential basis for reinventing it without disregarding the past. No! In Pantin, the dinosaurs will not disappear!

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ŠIBENIK (HR) SCALES — L – Urban / Architectural

PROJECT SITE — 33 ha

LOCATION — Šibenik

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Šibenik (municipality)

POPULATION — 46,332 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Šibenik (municipality)

STRATEGIC SITE — 173 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study, masterplan

Neda Lučev — Department of Physical Planning and Environment, City of Šibenik 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The development of Šibenik is based on three main topics: encouragement of entrepreneurship with the focus on creative and advanced technologies, development of higher education, especially innovative study programs, and connecting the city with its hinterland and islands by traffic infrastructure and tourism. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Using a proactive approach to stimulate the growth and development of small and medium sized businesses, the city has developed a number of projects with the shared aim of creating a critical mass of educated people who will bring the 21st century technology to Šibenik. Among those, the project for establishment of the “Trokut (Triangle)” New Technologies and Entrepreneurship Centre is developing. It will represent 226

a modern incubator for IT and digital technologies aims at linking local self-governments, youth, science and the economy. Entrepreneurs from the fields of creative industries and advanced technologies can develop their businesses in the Urban Incubator and the Urban Centre in the city centre. We help innovative young people to set up their own businesses. The goal of the City of Šibenik is to continue with this proactive approach through transformation of the competition site that will lead to development of productive activities. The history of Šibenik is imprinted on the former Electrodes and Feralloys Factory (TEF) area. It is a project of strategic importance for the City of Šibenik. In the end, we want the TEF area to become an active zone bringing together the economic and public sector. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

After solving the property issues on the site, the city of Šibenik will begin to work for the inclusion of developers. Proposals resulting from the detailed analysis of the possibilities of this area, obtained through the Europan 14 competition, gave us the opportunity to consider new uses and structures (and their scope) that should be included in this new multifunctional urban area. These will surely be important in the next stages of development of the city, and will also define the possibilities of further development and implementation of the prize-winning entry.


Place

ŠIBENIK (HR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Ewa Odyjas (PL), Agnieszka Morga (PL),

CONTACT — BOMP

Architects

T. +48 513394505, contact@bomp.eu, www.bomp.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The key idea of the project is to redevelop

and bring the waterfront back to the common public space. The issue is to make self-organizing and self-sufficient parts of the city, with some of its spatial features, ready to be remodelled to follow changing conditions. The general tactic is to divide and share the plots among variable stakeholders, including so called engines of change as well as regular local craftsmen and entrepreneurs. It is significant to provide them with a set of relevant rules along with simple urban underlay to develop and maintain their activity on their own. Spatial-functional disposition avoids flat zoning. The proposal includes hybrid functions with potential physical fields set and ready to be developed by the user. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The entry proposes recultivation of the

project area by applying a relatively generic grid, which allows a dual occupation of the land: building or cultivating landscapes. An adaptable matrix based on simple and clear rules creates a new environment in interaction between agricultural use and urbanization. Agricultural productivity is directly linked to urbanization: through productivity, the “empty” fields of grid are gradually transformed into “full” ones. The project thus opens the opportunity for participation of the inhabitants in the new and environmentally conscious formation and occupation of space.

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Give me Five! 228

ŠIBENIK (HR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Iván Samaniego Piquero (ES),

CONTACT — Madrid (ES)

José Miguel Sánchez Moreno (ES),

T. +34 636331635

Eugenia Concha Gimenez-Coral (ES), Architects

info@intenso.studio, www.intenso.studio

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Šibenik, as a Mediterranean city, has

a particular medieval urban fabric. What makes this kind of city liveable and attractive is the fact that it was historically developed at the human scale. The urban design proposal starts from social interaction. A 5x5m module is chosen as the smallest piece for this interaction. It can be a room for one person or an open space for a small group of people. The designed city prototype searches for a flexible and diverse density. It can always grow and the public spaces will do to proportionally. The project approach is to get a predictable spontaneity, where the city is the result of users’ desires and the dynamic cooperation among individuals, involving dialectic harmony between inhabitants and architecture, enhancing social sustainability. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The entry is based on the observation of

the city from a pedestrian perspective. Thus the establishment of the human scale of new urban development was set up as the dominant criterion to form design decisions. The project’s advantages are the flexibility of its further development, made possible by the proposed planning rules, and integration of economic activities into the area. A clearly formed traffic network structured in interrelation with the existing traffic system forms an urban framework that enables the development of different programmatic needs.


Mangan City Overdrive AUTHOR(S) — Ante Sušić (HR), Architect

ŠIBENIK (HR) — SPECIAL MENTION

CONTACT — Zagreb (HR)

T. +385 915953757, antesusic.af@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In the socio-economic context of the city

of Šibenik, whose industrial legacy has failed to accommodate the 21st century’s request for knowledge based productivity, the only production plausible is the (re)production of tourists. Since the city and its region have all the natural, cultural and historic qualities for visitors to consume, architecture can be purely quantitative. The site is completely exploited as it proposes a city with a tourist every 20 sqm. Various attractions on the site are organized as an archipelago of simulacra, reproducing historical, natural and cultural heritage. Delirious “Technology of the Fantastic” becomes sedative “Technology of the Authentic” blurring the distinction between the artificial and the ‘real’.

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Productourism

ŠIBENIK (HR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Roy Nash (IT), Luca Astorri (IT), Architects

CONTACT — P-U-R-A Platform for Urban Research and

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Valeriia Aksenfeld (RU), Elena Georgievska

Architecture, Milan (IT)

(MK), Giulia Tosarello (IT), Matilde Villa (IT), Students in architecture

T. +39 3929617999, info.it@p-u-r-a.com, www.p-u-r-a.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — How can we achieve a sustainable

tourism? How can we bring production back into the city? Our goal is to establish a new relationship between tourists, local inhabitants and production: the collaborative work with local people is the new productourism. The tourist is looking for the experience of a different reality. He is wondering “what can I feel that I have not felt yet?”, rather than “what can I buy that I still do not own”, the memory of a place will be directly connected to the experience of each single productive activity. The creation of this new bond brings the tourist to discover the territory through the production cycle, lets the producer transmits his knowledge, creating a real connection with the environment.


TRELLEBORG (SE) SCALES — XL/L - Urban / architectural

OWNER OF THE SITE — Trelleborg Port / Municipality /

LOCATION — Trelleborg

Private

POPULATION — City 43,360 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Post-competition phase:

STRATEGIC SITE — 95 ha

In 2018 a structural plan will be developed and in 2019 a

PROJECT SITE — 48 ha

planning program. The city intends to develop cooperation

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Trelleborg

with the winning team(s). Start is set to March 2018

Charlotte Hägg Reader — Project leader for the old port transformation, City of Trelleborg 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Trelleborg is in the midst of reformulating its identity from “port city” to “coastal city”, and to become a more important regional stakeholder. This process is triggered mainly by the relocation of the port that makes more than 90 ha first-class waterfront land available for urban development, and by the rerouting of road traffic to a new ring road which means that today’s barrier between the inner city and the sea can be removed. The way this former port site, proposed to Europan competition, will be transformed and will define Trelleborg in the long term and consequently for future generations. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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Production 2.0 is the future — clean, quiet production that does not require much heavy transports. By trying a new form of production 2.0 the new neighbourhood by the sea can become an arena where the city’s identity is stretched and reformulated. The project site will complement Trelleborg city and support the trade in the city centre. Production could fill the ground floors at street level to add a dynamic where there is little or no opportunity for local business or service. The objective is to create an “exotic” city quarter in Sweden’s Southernmost city from which every resident can enjoy the sea and the surroundings. A destination for visitors and tourists alike. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

In 2018 a structural plan will be developed taking into account qualities from the different proposals together with planned investigations on contamination, climate change and infrastructure. In 2019 the planning program will be finished. The city intends to develop cooperation with the winning team(s). The urban identity of Trelleborg is diverse and tolerant and there is opportunity to create a unique future architecture. Considering the size of the site, the intention is to work with more than just one awarded team.


New Sjöstad: Water, Walk With Me AUTHOR(S) — Cyril Pavlu (CZ), Katerina Vondrova (CZ),

CONTACT — T. +46 765523764

Architects-urbanists

cyrilpavlu@hotmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — New Sjöstad connects the city with

the reclaimed seafront and makes Trelleborg a city on the sea, rather than next to the sea. Through the revelation of Skåne’s natural potential coastlines, with the celebration of water and the preservation of the industrial and productive heritage, the proposal presents three new vibrant districts in the former harbour. Public space links lead through small squares, production hubs, food halls, parks and other, naturally extending the existing urban fabric to the redeveloped waterfront. The proposal celebrates water with over five kilometres of restored coastline and new public facilities, such as bathing piers, marinas, wetland areas and natural beaches which all create a diverse and continuous public realm for current and future Trelleborg’s residents. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The success of integrating the old town

with the new harbour town district will be dependent on how well new structures allow for natural barrier-free flows between the old and the new, between points of interest, and between town and sea. The proposal answers in a well-crafted and seemingly effortless way to several of these matters. The proposed urban structure shows good understanding of the existing Trelleborg town pattern, adding a contemporary interpretation of the existing varied, permeable and rather large blocks, consisting of a multitude of building types.

TRELLEBORG (SE) — WINNER

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Pioneers 232

TRELLEBORG (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Leonard Ma (CA), Architect

CONTACT — Public Office, Helsinki (FI)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Carmen Lee (CA), Architect

T. +358 449612422, www.publicoffice.co

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Pioneers” is a project that seeks to

JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal offers an unusually far-

develop partnerships with future residents in a process of collective

reaching analysis of the theme Productive Cities. It delivers a

building. In the first phase, 10% of the projected inhabitants will

thoughtful and radical argument for a slow and gradual development

colonize the project site, using a specific wood building technique to

based on self-construction. The authors challenge the privilege

construct a 64sqm building. The pioneers establish a grid across the

that capital investment currently has over labour when it comes to

site and the clues for possible development in the city. The precise

defining the urban landscape, and explore a way of reversing the

architecture aims to supplant the role of capital in the coordination

positions. The proposal uses the existing manufacturing facilities on

of labour, to create a public building process. By reconsidering

the site, minimizes the reliance on specialised expertise, and hence,

the production of housing, Trelleborg can utilise the assets of the

aims for a radically increased level of accessibility throughout the

city - access to land, in a way that engages directly with the public.

development process, questioning both the notion of labour itself,

A public partnership establishes a community, deeply involved in

and the current development of the housing market.

Trelleborg, with a vested interest in the future of the city.


Future Comes Slowly

TRELLEBORG (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Virginie Alexe (FR), Urbanist;

CONTACT — virginie.alexe@gmail.com,

Augustin Bourgeois (FR), Camille Bourgeois (FR), Architects;

augustin.bourgeois@gmail.com, camillebourgeois90@gmail.com

Bérengère Chauffeté (FR), Landscape architect

b.chauffete@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We stayed a week in Trelleborg to take into

consideration the existing things that would feed the project. And the question was: how to deal in a subtle way with legitimate ambitions and respect of the genius loci? 1 / advent. First, the apparition of the infrastructure web and accommodations. The principle is simply to continue the existing paths that are already heading to the port. Keeping the existing visual connections and creating new housing blocks according to the purest urban intel: the street. The diversity of uses and lifestyles are leading directly to the city. Then, the implementation of emerging green spaces in the south part. The trees will be the first protection from the wind. The waterfront will always be public. 2 / production. Densification of the first phase web. A new geopolitical ambition: to be a major city in the Baltic Union. 3 / prospective. Thanks to its rubber industry Trelleborg’s port will continue to enjoy the future.

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TUBIZE (BE) SCALES — L/S – Urban / Architectural

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Tubize, Duferco Wallonia

LOCATION — Clabecq, site of the Forges de Clabecq

OWNER OF THE SITE — Duferco Wallonia

POPULATION — 25,621 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study with

STRATEGIC SITE — 23.4 ha

a potential implementation, or partial implementation

PROJECT SITE — 1.5 ha

of the project according to the adequacy of the proposals

Michel Januth — Bourgmestre de la Ville de Tubize Olivier Waleffe — Administrateur délégué Duferco Wallonie 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Tubize started mutating at the end of the industrial activities. As the Western economic cluster in Walloon Brabant, 21 km from Brussels, the city has attracted many real estate investors. Previously separated by industry, the town centre and the village of Clabecq will be linked by this new neighbourhood, which has recently been recognised as one of the 10 priority areas in Wallonia. The Europan site should create the future image of Tubize. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The reconversion of the 87-ha site is a major factor in the economic development of Tubize. On the economic level, the masterplan already envisages a. o. “productive” zones 234

(SMEs, multimodal and service sector activities). To make the connection to the project for the new neighbourhood, the site managers wanted to leave the strategic entry to the town to reflections from Europan. In this context, “productivity” would be seen from the angle of complementarity with the activities already envisaged for the rest of the site, but also from that of the functional mix that would bring back life to this piece of territory by proposing a transition between contrasting feature, of which it would constitute the link. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The Europan jury has chosen projects that enable original –and sometimes unexpected– options that force people to think. The choice comes with recommendations that still need to be debated among the site stakeholders. At this stage, we hope to be able to establish the initially envisaged process of urban study.


Seed Structure: The Production of Happiness

TUBIZE (BE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Humberto Miguel Aguiar Pereira (PT),

CONTACT — omatelier, Freamunde (PT), T. +351 914085738

Architect

humbertopereira@om-atelier.pt, www.om-atelier.pt

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The city is an organism closely related

to the human being. Starting from this point, we understand that to have a productive city we need to have productive human beings and to have this we need to go back to our essence: HAPPINESS. In this project site, we proposed the creation of a construction called the Seed of Happiness that intends to create an “organism” dedicated to the development of human being’s welfare. The Seed of Happiness will generate other cores called the Production Cores that will be structures containing a mixed program associated to production, learning/creativity and sale. This project proposes the creation of new synergies to produce Happiness. We hope that in the near future this “SEED” can be “PLANTED” in other places creating happy cities. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project sets out to rethink the factory

in the town in terms of a life cycle. The reflection relates to the town as a “work”, considerably expanding the notion of “production” and including the production of the intangible and the symbolic. To do this, it uses a poetic approach and a new imaginary world of an urban pole factory that gets to the heart of “common well-being” and spaces for meditation and culture within a landscape atmosphere that combines plants, water and buried constructions that interact with hollow, horizontal and vertical elements.

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Learning From Tubize 236

TUBIZE (BE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Simone Valerio (IT), Pauline Durand (FR),

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Tom Uyttendaele (BE), Landscape architect

Architects-urbanists; Stijn Elsen (BE), Architect;

CONTACT — KADERSTUDIO, Brussels (BE), T. +32 486580402

Frederik Vandyck (BE), Architectural & urban theorist

info@kaderstudio.eu, www.kaderstudio.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Along the canal between Tubize and

Clabeq, the tabula rasa of the Forges de Clabeq is probably the most evident emptiness you can feel when recalling Tubize. It evokes both the limit of a linear economic system and a big potential to stimulate other appropriation. For centuries, the territory has gone through radical infrastructural transformations that determined the development of the urban fabric and of its economy without reversibility. Then, we came up with the elaboration of a system. Choosing the grain sizes of the warehouses of the Sarsi Area and declining them in an alternation of plinths and voids sets the blueprint of the spatial strategy. If the plinths host a reversible mix of parking and productive activities (including retail culture and leisure) the voids become important un-built spaces along Rue de la Déportation, expressing the productive nature of the intervention. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes the integration of

the site into the urban project from the north, linking with the “Sarsi” buildings by simultaneously proposing a well-scaled process and project. Indeed, within the process of the island principle –and redrawing it– the project presents an appropriate scale by creating valid spaces with a variety of functions. The concept proposes an urban rhythm that allows an urban landscape that creates a neighbourhood identity to be defined. The project also proposes interesting phasing.


Twofold Nature

TUBIZE (BE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Fabio Vanin (IT), Andrea Bortolotti (IT),

CONTACT — Latitude Platform for urban research and design

Alessandra Marcon (IT), Architects-urbanists;

Bruxelles (BE), T. +32 477543707

Andrea Aragone (IT), Marta De Marchi (IT), Architects

info@latitude-platform.eu, www.latitude-platform.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The site of the Forge de Clabecq has

a twofold strategic nature: it is an incredible land resource at the gates of Brussels, and a key local connection for a series of living/ productive and ecological corridors. What if this fallow land would re-connect to its many territorial (infra)structures in order to trigger new economic cycles? The project considers the area as a space welcoming active businesses in the region of Brussels, related to the construction industry, offering the space and infrastructure to stock, store, sort, recycle, display and sell materials and products. The proposal aims at developing a node that represents the missing link at the intersection of a North-South urban-productive axis and an East-West ecological-recreational one.

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WARSZAWA (PL) SCALES — XL – Territorial / urban

SITE PROPOSED BY — Capital City of Warsaw

LOCATION — Warszawa

OWNER OF THE SITE — Capital City of Warsaw,

POPULATION — City 1,744,357 inhab.

State Treasure of Poland, private owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 960 ha / PROJECT SITE — 17 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study

Kamil Miklaszewski — Architect, jury member E14 Tomasz Zemla — Architect, President of Europan Polska 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

How to design growing cities so that they are liveable, sustainably effective and at the same time able to product? The question of how to keep “productive” site in the city is a burning issue in Warsaw. One must think of not only how to connect the project site to the city structure or how is the site connected to the districts it belongs to but also how to combine the area to the existing surrounding urban structure. Then to examine how the site is connected to the railway system and how to develop the potential. Further questions are how to deal with traffic noise and air pollution and how to approach Warsaw’s climate conditions (wind, solar radiation, and temperature). Finally, it is worth analysing how the site’s future green structure and its productive side could coexist? 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE

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PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Warsaw struggles with an increase of new and uncontrolled settlements on areas that had clearly never been prepared to serve as such. This caused problems with city transportation and utility infrastructure distribution. The project site, however not used, is well connected to the city centre. It can be easily reachable by bus and in the near future by a subway as well. The aim is to propose a modern part of a city offering to its inhabitants an access to basic services, working places, and public transportation, as well as serving as a decent place to lead a sustainable life, promoting some types of productivity in this place. The E14 competition proposed varied types of projects and solutions that have to be discussed. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN?

The size of the site is quite large so it is hard to process with it in one simple step. At the beginning, we wanted to study it with winning teams and also with architects who were jury members to analyse and discussed certain ideas and projects we have encountered during the competition. After this first process we will then decide what are our proposals for next phase.


HOUSE the Productivity

WARSZAWA (PL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Borys Kozlowski (PL), Barbara Jakubowska (PL),

CONTACT — Rotterdam (NL)

Architects

T. +31 684053037, borys.kozlowski@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We propose the reinvestigation of series of

production sites in Warsaw as vital incubators of urban life. In order to bring the production closer to the public, a central activity belt is introduced as a buffer between seemingly polarized manufacturing and dwelling. It acts as a place where two programs could unfold and temporary events could emerge. As the cost of production becomes the defying aspect of urban developments, we turn to prefabrication and modularity to reduce costs, but at the same time increasing quality and improving efficiency. Flexibility of the system allows local changes in the structure, without a necessity to disable the rest of organism. The structure is a form of a greater lifespan that gives direction to the less durable interior. Openness to interpretation gives timelessness to the development. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project is based on an interesting

reinterpretation of the historical and contemporary context of the plot, in connection with the idea of a productive city. The standardised, prefabricated skeleton, which forms the construction of the new buildings, is a reference to the plant that produces large scale prefabricated elements, which has been operating in this area since the 1970s. The incorporation of small workshops and production plants into the designed housing structure develops the current model of how the area functions. A long mall organises the centre of the area as an activity belt.

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The Excity 240

WARSZAWA (PL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Gimeno (ES), Lluis J. Liñán (ES),

CONTACT — rellam, Valencia (ES)

Josep Vicent Lluch (ES), Architects

T. +34 666890296, hello@rellam.org, www.rellam.org

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Excity is the negative of the city. It

is a city that feeds off the waste of Warsaw in order to exist, acting as a dialectical mirror that aims at transforming the consumption dynamics of the Polish capital. It is a city-within-the city; a political entity that boldly accepts that waste must be turned into a fundamental asset of contemporary cities in order to materialize the urban potential of circular economy. It is a city that brings back to life the materials disposed by the city of Warsaw and turns them into its essential resource from a social, economic and educational perspective. The Excity exists in a permanent state of precariousness, for it fully embraces the consequences and potentials of putting waste at the centre of production. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project is based on the concept

of transforming (urban) waste into (urban) resource. The authors propose a superstructure that integrates and processes waste in various ways, for example as building material, as a source for energy production, or as “technical nutrients”. Waste materials from the “Excity” therefore form a new district through being reintegrated in the metabolism of the city in numerous ways. The proposed infrastructure enables various scales and forms of appropriation over time, including its own decline if the problem of waste is finally solved in future.


Warszawa Common Places

WARSZAWA (PL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — María Núñez (ES), Architect, Ecological

CONTACT — Madrid (ES)

Restoration Expert

T. +34 677 23 36 72

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Lux Nieve (ES), Spanish-English translator

mnunezrguez@gmail.com, www.maria-nunez.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Warsaw suffers from a great fragmentation

problem. A new urban structure is proposed, based on the creation of human-scale public spaces, on the introduction of slow mobility systems and on the integration of circular economy (food and energy production, water cycle, tourism, multi-purpose common spaces, and fab-labs dedicated to repair). The creation of quality public spaces, which integrate diversity and density, is articulated in a conventional urban-shape closed blocks. The heritage of the place is maintained, and a vigorously inhabited space is formulated. Two types of social housing are proposed: flexible social housing is developed in the North-South axis, while new forms of social housing are proposed in the East-West axis, bringing typological heterogeneity to the complex. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes an interesting

approach to create a dense urban pattern on a human scale, with a well-equipped public space and a mix of uses. A multidimensional approach is also taken into account, including such aspects as: food production, water re-cycling, energy optimisation, zero waste, and sustainable mobility. The main focus is on creating communal spaces free of car traffic. The project introduces temporary uses in communal open spaces. The existing buildings are preserved. Old industrial buildings are supposed to be integrated within the new layout of streets and blocks.

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242

WHAT


243

NEXT?


What Next? Didier Rebois, General Secretary of Europan.

This catalogue presents and analyses the 136 prize-

there are several prize-winning projects on each site.

winning projects in the 14th session of the Europan

But also because of the often very large scale of the

competition. The harvest was good, in the opinion

projects which, to come to fruition, entail long urban

of all — organisers, juries and site representatives!

processes and may not all be implemented for various

These prizes are first of all a label conferred on the

reasons, political, social, regulatory, etc.… Nonetheless,

winning teams, with the aim that they should constitute

Europan’s objective is to progress to a post-competition

references for young professionals starting out or

phase on the majority of the sites proposed.

pursuing their different careers. However, Europan is not just a procedure for recognising talented teams

COMMUNICATING IDEAS

around Europe. Its ambition is also that some of these

The first step is communication, to help the local

ideas should become a reality. We know of course

players understand the winning ideas. Meetings need

that not all of them will achieve this, first of all because

to be organised on each site so that the winning teams can come and explain their ideas, and also

244

say how they foresee implementing them (fig.1&2). These conversations are important, especially as the competition is anonymous and the site representatives do not know the teams before the results are announced. They are also important because the representatives were not involved in the jury’s final vote on the winning teams, although they had the opportunity for extensive discussions on the projects and priorities for their site at the two jury sessions and the European Forum. This process of education is a way to go beyond the drawings and ideas themselves, and to identify a team with positions and proposals for transitioning from ideas to implementation. 1 & 2 — PROJECT PRESENTATION BY THE TEAMS DURING THE NATIONAL MEETING CITIES/ TEAMS - EUROPAN 14 - FRANCE

AN INTERMEDIATE PHASE OF DECIDING WHOM TO CHOOSE

The second postcompetition stage is the intermediate phase. Before progressing to operational processes — in ways that vary from one country to another — there is very often the need for an intermediate phase, which plays an important role. If a site’s representatives are fully in agreement with the jury’s choice of a winner, a preliminary workshop is often held, a sort of preamble in which the parties define the framework of a future commission awarded to the team for an implementation phase. In other countries, the selected team will be awarded an intermediate commission to examine the “feasibility” of the ideas to test their credibility when they are applied to a more 2


3 — MARSEILLE (FR) E12 – PROJECTS PRESENTATION BY THE PRIZE-WINNING TEAMS WITH ALL THE LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS

precise context. Depending on the contexts (see the section of the article on project scales), the site representatives will be more likely to propose an urban design contract, whereas in other cases, on smaller sites, or if the implementation begins with a starter project, the team chosen for implementation may be directly awarded an architectural commission. In the majority of cases, however, local officials prefer to use an intermediate period to meet all the winning teams on their site before choosing an operational team (fig.3). This intermediate stage can take different forms and timescales. Some Europan structures organise

4 — FOSSES (FR) E12 – WORKSHOP WITH ALL THE STAKEHOLDERS TO ADAPT THE PROJECT TO THE LOCAL CONTEXT

workshops where the winning teams are invited to

above all, these contextual factors make it certain that

discuss their project in greater depth through a debate

project implementation will vary greatly from one context

with the local stakeholders. At the end of this workshop,

to another. The objective of this negotiated project is to

the municipality or the site representatives are better

guarantee that the winning ideas remain the structural

placed to choose one or sometimes several teams with

heart of the implementation, while incorporating local

which to go forward. Finally, because of the application

parameters that require the project and the team to

of public contract law in some countries, certain national

adapt, yet without altering the essence of the proposal

structures — if the proposed commission is in the public

(fig.4). This is a difficult exercise that requires skill on

sector — are obliged to consider the competition of

the part of the partners — site representatives, national

ideas as the first phase in the selection of several

Europan structure and teams — to ensure that the

teams, which are then asked to compete again in a

project is enriched rather than impoverished by this

second phase so that the site representatives can

process, even if, as in any negotiation, elements are

select, legally, one team out of those chosen by the jury.

gained and lost on both sides.

Despite the diversity of the forms of access to contracts following the competition, the important thing is that,

OKAY TO STUDIES, BUT CULMINATING IN

on each site, one or more of the teams whose ideas

CONCRETE OPERATIONS

were selected by the jury should be chosen to pursue

The operational sequels to the competition have

their projects.

become more diverse from one session to the next, especially since there are more and more complex

IS THE PROJECT NEGOTIABLE?

urban sites. Processes that start with an idea and

Whether it begins in the preliminary phase or once the

culminate in a completed building represent only part

selected team has signed a contract, every process

of these implementations.

moves into a so-called “negotiated project” phase.

The urban — sometimes even regional — dimension of

This concept, found in professional practice, is also

such projects entails an urban design process in which

very well suited to Europan. The aim is to transform the

a project is examined from a strategic perspective with

spatialised vision expressed in the competition project

a view to implementation, with the recognition that

into an operational process. During the competition

multiple clients and project managers will be involved.

phase, teams may well be unaware of contextual

The winning project will be broken down into different

factors. The reality is often more complex than the

types of feasibility studies (mobility, utilities, density,

description given in the competition site dossier. And

landscape) and incorporated into the technical urban

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5 & 6 — HELSINKI (FI) E12 - DEVELOPMENT OF LAAKSO AND AURORA HOSPITAL. LEFT: COMPETITION - 2013 / RIGHT: STUDY FOR THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT - 2015

7 — DLW ARCHITECTES OFFICE IN NANTES (FR) - CREATED TO IMPLEMENT THEIR WINNING PROJECT HOUSING + CRECHE (E4)

246

planning documents required for the management of

the site is located. This proportion remains the same in

an urban project over time (fig.5&6).

the winning projects.

Sometimes, the winning team’s assignment stops here,

In this latter case, however, involving these foreign

without any ensuing implementation. In other cases,

teams in implementation processes is never an easy

the team may be commissioned to develop public

matter. First of all, it depends on the geographical

and/or landscape spaces, or else to run a “starter”

and cultural proximity of the teams. It will be easier,

operation within the project. Of course, the ideal is a

for example, for a winning team from Norway working

dual commission: urban design for the site as a whole,

in Denmark to be involved in a process, than if the

architectural or landscape design on part of it. It also

team is Russian and has to work in Spain. This is a

sometimes happens that two winning teams take part

challenge that Europan has yet to overcome fully, since

in an operational phase on the same site, perhaps with

the linguistic barriers, the additional cost of travel, the

distinct roles and assignments.

difficulty of understanding different rules, the necessity of partnership with a local team, etc.… make the task

THE WINNING TEAMS CREATE THEIR

more complicated. Despite certain regrettable failures,

PROFESSIONAL STRUCTURE

however, Europan can also boast some successes.

Whatever form the implementation process takes

Further efforts are needed, since by participating in the

— provided that it is respectful of the winning ideas —

competition, many site representatives are interested in

one of the objectives of Europan is that the winning

having foreign teams not only submitting project, but

teams should go on to form professional structures.

also winning on their site. This is a challenge that needs

Many architectural practices in Europe have come into

to be taken on to ensure that Europe is a place of free

being following success in the Europan competition. For

movement for professionals of urban, architectural and

this to happen, of course, there has to be a contract in

landscape design!

place for the implementation phase of the project, even

This brief summary gives only a partial account of

on a preliminary basis, covering work commissioned on

the transition from ideas to implementation. Each

the basis of the competition (fig.7).

context is individual and one may be highly suitable

Through an exhibition called Generation Europan a few

for implementation, while another is less so. However,

years ago, but also through portraits of teams 10 years

one factor plays a particularly important role in the way

after winning the competition, available on the European

a winning project can catalyse a local situation and

website, we have shown the impact that Europan has

progress to an implementation phase. This factor is the

had not only on the creation of professional architectural

scale of the sites and hence also the scale of the winning

practices or hybrid agencies, but also on the pursuit of

projects, and the way the projects fit into the different

the prize-winning Europan ideas through subsequent

processes that arise from these disparities of scale.

projects designed in these agencies.

Three examples of successful implementation processes — some still underway — highlight this connection

WORKING ABROAD, MORE COMPLEX BUT A

between scales and implementation processes in a very

MAJOR PROFESSIONAL PLUS

concrete way. These three processes were presented

50% of the submissions for the competition are projects

at the Cities and Juries Forum in Helsinki last October

by teams from countries other than the country where

and the accounts below will make it easier to understand


the forms that implementation processes can take at

Slovakia, before returning for a week in situ, a sequence

different scales. This section partially reproduces the

that was repeated three times (fig.10). It was at the end

presentations given by the teams themselves, with a

of these discussions that the team presented the result

few additional comments.

to the political officials and local people. The final urban structure is very similar to the Europan

3 EXPERIENCES OF IMPLEMENTATION LINKED

project, with 1200 housing units, a central park,

WITH 3 DIFFERENT PROJECT SCALES

shopping areas, a school, a creche, playgrounds, sports facilities... (fig.11) The entire site was divided into

PROJECT SCALE “L”, BETWEEN CITY AND

11 blocks which were allocated to different architectural

ARCHITECTURE

practices, including one assigned to the winning team

The Europan 12 experience in Wien (AT) with the

and another to the runner-up team. The winning team is

winning team SLLA architects (SK)

still coordinator of the urban project and has organised

Building more housing is a very big priority for the city

several meetings with all the designers. The SLLA team

of Wien, which has a growing population. The owner of

has designed a pilot project, on which they are currently

the land — 27 hectares divided into 3 sites — was the

working and where implementation should begin next

Siemens Corporation, which no longer needed it and

year: 90 housing units with parking and landscaping.

wanted to develop it (fig.8).

What is expected these days on many Europan sites is

The basis of the SLLA team’s winning project was to

spatialised ideas. No one expects a fixed master plan

introduce strong public spaces — landscaped strips  —

any longer. And this is what makes the difference in

to link existing areas, with a dense fabric around them

Europan’s operational processes. In the case of the

incorporating different activities at different scales

Siemens site in Wien, there were two winning projects

(fig.9). When Siemens sold the land to a developer,

with two different “figures”. The SLLA team was

Sozialbau, just after the competition, the team

proposing a very clear figure, with a central public space

thought that the project was over. However, since the

in this industrial zone that will be a catalyst for whole

municipality of Wien was very involved, it managed to

series of programmes. This figure has been through

persuade the new owner to continue with the winning projects (winner and runner-up). In September 2014, a cooperative planning process began with a meeting with the developer and with local planners resulted in the start of a cooperative planning process to develop

247

one of the 3 competition sites. The process was something very new, since the owner had not been present for the competition, and decided to give the leadership role to the winner, in partnership with the runner-up team, Arenas-Basabe-Palacios, from Madrid (ES). These two teams worked in turn with 3 local architecture offices, 2 landscape agencies, a transport and mobility office, the municipal representatives and the developer. A week-long workshop was organised, involving all the partners, at Sozialbau’s offices. Then

8 — WIEN (AT) E12 – SIEMENS SITE

SLLA developed the negotiated project back home in

9 — WIEN (AT) E12 – COMPETITION PLAN - 2013

10 — WIEN (AT) E12 – WORKSHOP WITH ALL THE STAKEHOLDERS 2014/2015

11 — WIEN (AT) E12 – MASTERPLAN APPROVED IN 2016


the grinder of a negotiation with multiple actors in the

but which ultimately culminates in a project embodied

form of a “negotiated project” process, i.e. a process

in a context on which all the stakeholders have agreed.

in which all the stakeholders are involved. And at the

It is a “negotiation” which requires both a strong project

end, the project is different from the competition design,

based around the figure, but also a municipal partner

but the figure is still there. This seems to exemplify how

which — as in the example of Wien — knows how to

all winning Europan projects should evolve. The figure

manage negotiation. When the teams submit projects

embodies the spatialised ideas, but it is flexible. It can

for the competition, they do not know the site as well

move, be shaped and enhanced in concert with all the

as the local players. They may come from far away,

stakeholders.

and there are inevitably factors that are not included in

Fundamentally, this figure represents the choices

their responses. At the same time, however, because

made by the teams, their vision of the metamorphosis

of this certain distance, these teams develop analyses,

of the site. However, it is not just a free-floating idea. It

but also have intuitions and a creativity, which help

can be embodied in a context, even if the parameters

them spatially to pursue the process of structuring

change. It can be somewhat complex to involve all the

an operational project. In the case of Wien, there will

different stakeholders on a site. For it to work, juries

ultimately be 7 or 8 architectural teams involved in the

need to select projects that have this conceptual

final implementation.

strength, projects that propose a figure that is both highly defined in its spatialised ideas, but at the same

PROJECT SCALE “S”, OR THE SMALL SCALE THAT

time flexible in its proposal for territorial structure. In the

CAN BE STRATEGIC

implementation phase, everyone — residents, experts,

The Europan 9 experience in Selb (DE) with the

owners, developers…— works around the project,

winning team Gutiérrez-delaFuente Arquitectos (ES)

which is a unifying entity, and everyone is involved in a

Selb, in Northern Bavaria (DE), underwent a severe

sort of adventure, which may uncertain in its outcome,

economic crisis in the 1990s, leading to a phase of urban metamorphosis associated with deindustrialisation. The porcelain factories that had brought the city its prosperity moved out of the region for economic reasons and were relocated to other countries. The site proposed for the competition raised the question of the urban regeneration of the city centre within the context of a “shrinking city” and an ageing

248

population. The winning project worked at the small scale, with the idea that in this context a series of small actions could have bigger effects. The architects proposed a catalogue of juxtaposed strips, several buildings with highly specific programmes introduced into the existing fabric, with a focus on mobility and energy resources (fig.12&13). Ultimately, the aim was to create a new fabric with residential units and amenities. Because of the difficult economic conditions, the team proposed a system that could begin with small interventions, with 12 — SELB (DE) E9 – COMPETITION PROJECT - 2007

the potential to expand in the future. Through the national and European forums, the team was able to make contact with the local actors, with the support of Europan Germany and Europan Europe. Following joint discussions in the form of in situ workshops, the programme was totally reversed. Initially conceived as a strategy to encourage older people to live in the city centre, after the competition the focus of the project shifted to the young! The proposed acupuncture strategy was perfectly suited to this new priority, but this time it was conceived as a balancing solution within the context of an ageing population: the team proposed new programmes focusing on babies, children, young people and young families. How to attract them into the city and offer them interesting public facilities that matched their needs? After getting the green light from the government and

13 — SELB (DE) E9 – COMPETITION PROJECT - 2007

the municipal council, the contract for an architectural


15 — SELB (DE) E9 – YOUTH CLUB AND HOSTEL - 2015

14 — SELB (DE) E9 – CRECHE - 2012 © FERNANDO ALDA

project was quickly signed. An application was made for European funds. Work then began on a first implementation, a creche, with local contractors and partners, closely followed by a second structure, a youth club and hostel. In these first two projects, the team wanted to increase the density of the blocks and enhance the definition of the street space in the city centre (fig.14&15). The aim was also to introduce new building typologies.

16 — SELB (DE) E9 – HOUSING - 2016 © FERNANDO ALDA

The team worked with the mothers’ association, youth

gaps in the urban fabric and consolidate that fabric

organisations, Selb municipality and a variety of other

in a city that needed to refocus on its centre in order

partners. The programmatic strips proved to be a

to relaunch its economy. There are many situations

highly flexible system, despite the fact that the initial

like this in Europe’s cities today, strategic situations

competition project had been greatly altered, with

where “micro” scale interventions have an impact at

different programmes and different sites. This process

the “macro” territorial scale. And of course, these “S”

can be described as a negotiated project around an

sites should be quicker to implement, although they can

initial idea that is retained.

be complex with many different stakeholders involved!

The team was also able to undertake a third project, after being invited to participate in a competition

THE XL PROJECT SCALE, OR LARGE TERRITORIES

organised by the regional government for a new housing

WHERE SEVERAL SCALES NEED TO BE

programme, “Renovation at the Heart of the City”. The

CONNECTED…

team brought nature back onto the site, reconnected

The Europan 13 experience in Ørsta (NO) with the

two parts of the city, created a public space and opened

winning team FELT / Landskab (DK)

up the block to the city (fig.16). What is interesting is that

Ørsta is a pretty town with a population of around

the team brought transnational practices to the project.

10,500, situated in Norway’s natural landscape. The

Because they had a different vision, they were better

strategic site proposed for the competition was large, at

able to “decode” the context and transform it into an

around 38 ha. After the competition, the Danish winning

ecosystem with local partners, whom were nudged out

team worked on the development plan for a smaller

of a kind of routine. The Selb site is part of a family

area, which became more concrete as the operational

of “small” sites that punch above their weight and

phase progressed. During this process, the team had

connect to a global problem. Up to now, there have

to work on 2 different scales: the scale of the municipal

not been very many of these in Europan. There are

territory as a whole, and the smaller scale of projects

sites where the micro is situated within a larger site,

in the city with the potential to impact the larger scale.

with the potential to act as a starter project for a larger

One of the most important factors was the scale of

programme, but it is quite rare for the site itself to be

urban planning as a whole. Ørsta is a sort of series of

micro in scale. It might be interesting to have more of

isolated islands, with a mobility system based around

these in future Europan sessions. To implement the E9

the car. There is an educational island, a shopping

experiment for Selb, a city in economic decline and

island, a housing island, none of which really work

therefore with few financial resources, European funding

together to form a whole. The strategic concept of

was obtained for these Europan projects. Selb was able

the winning project was therefore to link these islands

to do something ambitious.

through “three main connections”: an educational

What is also interesting is that the architectural

connection, a connection to the park and an urban

response — the strips — was entirely in harmony with

connection. And at the same time, the project proposed

the municipality’s requirement, which was to fill in the

to increase density in the city centre, in contrast with

249


18 — ØRSTA (NO) E13 – COMPETITION PROJECT - 2015

17 — ØRSTA (NO) E13 – COMPETITION PROJECT - 2015

250

19 — ØRSTA (NO) E13 – DEVELOPMENT PLAN - 2016

20 — ØRSTA (NO) E13 – URBAN PARK – 2016/2017

the existing tendency to urban sprawl, in order to create

centre. For these two projects of new building, the team

a sense of urban life, a human scale city (fig.17&18).

proposes that instead of trying to increase density and

The designers, the municipality and the county worked

to add asphalt for parking, there is around a landscaped

together as a team. A contract for the development

public space, access for soft mobility and recreational

plan was negotiated, broadly based on the ideas of the

areas. This is not a confusion of the S and XL scales!

competition proposal (fig.19). The main concepts did

And while there is S in the XL, the XL is more than an

not really change, but simply became more concrete.

accumulation of S… While rigid planning is now a thing

The large-scale structure is still based on the three main

of the past, on big sites it is nevertheless necessary to

connections and the team has proposed new clusters

be able to connect the territorial lines of force with the

of buildings around public spaces, each representing

future microprojects — like pieces in a large puzzle —

a specific working process with different landowners

in order to arrive gradually at an overall design. It is in

and developers. The development plan therefore

this sense that the operational approach developed in

largely consists of multiple small-scale projects that

Ørsta is interesting. The team has done a good job

are linked together by the landscape project. It is this

observing and analysing the site. They are using all

that guarantees a sense of coherence in the city, and

the potential of the context. At city scale, they have

is the basis for the city’s future development strategy.

worked to see what type of programme could be at

At the wider scale, the aim is to convert the development

home here… but they began with a vision. It contains

plan into a technical document that lists all the kinds of

clear values, based around the densification of the built

new building plots and new landscape projects, which

fabric, but a densification situated within the creation

the municipality can use to create the legal document

of an urban landscape, the introduction of nature as

that it will need to develop its projects in the coming

a connecting element within a reshaped urban fabric.

years. There are rules to follow for anyone interested in

It is a sort of “park city” philosophy, which has the

coming to the city and developing a sector.

potential for subsequent development through several

At the same time, the team is also working on several

S scale projects. The aim is to transform all these empty

smaller landscape projects — as the one for the

spaces, residues of the functionalist city, in order to

redevelopment of an urban park which is a transit

recreate continuities, but permeable continuities that are

area between the shopping street to the shopping

full of openings. There needs to be this kind of vision

mall (fig.20); or the one around the extension of the

for it to be possible, over time, and at the right time, to

high school and lastly, the one around a new medical

implement several S scale projects within the XL scale.


Credits

Europan 14 results

AUTHORS

ENGLISH TRANSLATION

in the context of the fourteenth

Carlos Arroyo

session of Europan

architect, urban planner, Carlos

John Crisp (from French) Ian Pepper (from German)

This book is published

Arroyo Arquitecto, teacher in Madrid’s HEAD OF PUBLICATION

Universidad Europea (ES)

GRAPHIC DESIGN AND LAYOUT

Didier Rebois

Céline Bodart

Léa Rolland

Secretary General of Europan

architect, researcher, teacher at Paris-laVillette School of Architecture and Liège

EDITORIAL SECRETARY

University (FR/BE)

Françoise Bonnat

Kristiaan Borret

Europan Europe responsible

architect, Bouwmeester of Brussels

of Europan publications

Capital Region, teacher at Ghent

PRINTING

UAB Balto print (Vilnius, Lithuania)

University - Brussels (BE) 252

EDITED BY

Europan Europe Paris, France

Aglaée Degros

www.europan-europe.eu

architect, Artgineering in Brussels (BE), professor and director of the Institute of

ISBN n° 978-2-914296-31-1

Urban Planning in Graz (AT)

Legally registered Second quarter 2018

Julio de la Fuente architect, urban planner, GutiérrezdelaFuente Arquitectos, Madrid (ES)

Kaye Geipel chief editor of Bauwelt and Stadtbauwelt magazine in Berlin (DE), architecture critic

Didier Rebois architect, Secretary General of Europan, teacher at Paris-la-Villette School of Architecture (FR)

Dimitri Szuter architect, researcher, dancer and performer. Co-founder of the P.E.R.F.O.R.M! (FR)

Chris Younès anthro-philosopher, professor at the ESA school of architecture. Founder and member of the Gerphau research laboratory, Paris (FR), founder and member of ARENA


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ISBN 978-2-914296-31-1 PRICE 37â&#x201A;¬

Profile for Europan Europe

E14 Results Catalogue  

Productive Cities: various articles linked to the theme of the 14th session of the contest + 136 projects on 44 sites + national and interna...

E14 Results Catalogue  

Productive Cities: various articles linked to the theme of the 14th session of the contest + 136 projects on 44 sites + national and interna...

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